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Definitions and Rules in using Vowels

and Consonants

 The vowels are a, e, o, u, y, and sometimes I (when it


has the sound of long me or long me).

 The consonants are all the remaining letters of the


alphabet and usually y.

 Short-Vowel Rule: If a word or syllable has only one


vowel and it comes at the beginning or between two
consonants, the vowel is usually short --- am, is bag, fox.

 Long-Vowel Rule 1: If a one syllable word has two


vowels, the first vowel usually stands for the long sound
and the second vowel is silent ---
Rain, kite, cane, jeep, ray.

 Long-Vowel Rule 2: If a word or syllable has one vowel,


and it comes at the end of the word or syllable, the
vowel is usually long --- we, go, pony.

 Soft C and G Rule: When e, y, or I follow c or g, it usually


has the soft sound --- ice, city, range, gym.