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PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION

CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT


●KEY ANSWER

1. According to Erikson, identity and role confusion occurs during


A. Elementary Years C. College years
●B. High school years D. Pre school years
2. According to Jerome Bruner, learning is a simultaneous process of acquisition, transformation
and_______________.
●A. Evaluation C. Metacognition
B. Question D. Education
3. Who among the following developed the Social Learning Theory?
●A. Bandura C. Bruner
B. Kohlberg D. Skinner
4. When a teacher present a morally ambiguous situation to his students and ask them what to do, the teacher’s
technique is based on the theory of
A. Bandura ●C. Kohlberg
B. Piaget D. Bruner
5. According to Maslow, the highest of the need in the Hierarchy of Needs theory is
A. Psychological need C. belongingn
●B. Self actualization D. Safety
6. Based on Freud’s theory, which operates when a person is in the height of anger?
A. Ego C. Id and ego
B. Superego ●D. Id
7. Operant conditioning can be applied to classroom by
A. Connecting facts and concepts
B. Fostering conducive learning environment
●C. Using reinforcement
D. Using manipulative devices
8. “Women should not study since they will be marrying soon”. If a father tells his daughter this, can we
consider his premise morally right?
A. Depends on the family social status
B. Yes, women are mean for the home
C. No, women can perform just like men
●D. No, there is gender equality in education
9. In Piaget’s concrete operational stage, teacher Maritel should provide_______________.
A. Activities of hypothesis formulation
●B. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and order
C. Activities for evaluation purposes
D. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with
10. A student is finding it hard to read. When the guidance counselor traced the child’s history, the counselor
was able to find out that the student came from a dysfunctional family, aside from that, the child was abused
and neglected. What could have caused the student’s reading disability?
●A. Emotional Factors C. Neurological factors
B. Poor teaching D. Immaturity
11. A child was punished for cheating in an exam. For sure the child wont cheat again in short span of time, but
this does not guarantee that the child won’t cheat ever again Based on Thorndike’s theory on punishment and
learning, this shows that ______________.
A. Punishment strengthens a response
B. Punishment removes response
C. Punishment doesn’t remove a response
●D. Punishment weakens a response
12. Laughing at a two-year-old child who uttered a bad word is not a proper thing to do because in this stage of
the child’s, the child is_______________.
A. Considering the views of others
B. Distinguishing sex references
C. Socializing
●D. Distinguishing right from wrong
13. According to Sigmund Freud, the main proponent of Psychoanalytic Theory, the superego is mainly
concerned with
A. The resolution of conflict within the self
B. The finding of greater satisfaction
●C. The idea of right and wrong
D. The development of healthy psyche
14. Modeling is a teaching rooted on______________________ learning theory.
●A. Bandura C. Thorndike
B. Skinner D. Bruner
15. Teacher Marissa would like to employ Operant Conditioning on her students to increase the probabilities of
greater participation during discussion. It is highly possible that teacher Marissa will
A. Put more emphasis on sharing and consistently guide them to new ideas
B. Allow them to think about thinking
●C. Give a star token to those who will participate
D. Let them exercise metacognitive approaches to better understand the topic
16. One of the traits of many students is putting more emphasis on “porma” over substance. This is likely to be
shown when
A. A written report was submitted by a student with shabby cover but comprehensive content
●B. A written report was submitted by a student using “perfumed” stationary but poor content
C. A written report was submitted by a student two days ahead of time
D. A written report was submitted by a student two days late
17. Providing variety of learning activities to students is a characteristic of a teacher who understand the
principle of
A. Reward as a potential means of increasing the participation
B. Proactive teaching as a modern technique of teaching
●C. Facilitating learning with emphasis on individual differences
D. Allowing the student to be exposed to various teaching techniques
18. The best example of Operant Conditioning among the following is
A. Connecting facts and concepts
B. Fostering conducive learning environment
●C. Using reinforcement
D. Using manipulative devices
19. A child receives a STAR STAMP after correctly completing his task. The child always tries to complete all
tasks correctly for him to have a stamp once again. What is being shown in the situation?
A. Associative learning ●C. Operant Conditioning
B. Classical conditioning D. Pavlovian conditioning
20. A child submitted a poor written report but packaged with brightly colored paper cover. This
showcases__________________.
A. Art over academics C. art over science
B. Substance over “porma” ● D. “porma” over substance
21. He is considered as the first special education student.
●A. Victor of Aveyron C.Sigmund Freud
B. Tarzan of the Jungle D. Alfred Binet
22. The Father of modern psychology
A. Carl Jung ● C. Sigmund Freud
B. Aristotle D. Alfred Binet
23. He is postulated that man psyche is composed of animus and the anima
A. Karen Horney C. Willism James
●B. Carl Jung D. Cattell
24. He pioneered in NON-Directive Counseling?
A. Thomas Gordon ●C. Carl Rogers
B. Erik Erikson D. Rousseau
25. This educator proposed 3 modes of representation, enactive, iconic and symbolic
A. Bandura C. Kounin
B. Kohler ●D. Bruner
26. This premier behaviorist once said: Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed and my own specified
world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take any one of random and train him to become any type of
specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes even beggar-man and chief, regardless
of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vacations, and race of his ancestors”
A. Bandura C. Rogers
●B. Watson D. Erikson
27. His best contribution to the world of education is the 3 laws (law of effect, law or readiness and law of
exercise)
A. Rousseau ●C. Thorndike
B. Pavlov D. Bandura
28. The teachers’ widely accepted view of giving rewards to students is the legacy of
A. Dewey C. kounin
B. Bruner ●D. Skinner
29. He believes that learning is based on Adhesive principle
A. Dewey C. Kounin
B. Bruner ●D. Koffka
30. One of main proponent of Gestalt and who believes that the whole is more than the sum of all its parts
A. Bruner ●C. Wertheimer
B. Thorndike D. Lewin
31. “the child learns from what he sees in the environment” is the main thesis of this famous educational
psychologist
A. Skinner ● C. Bandura
B. Locke D. Koffka
32. According to this theorist, our behavior at a particular time is a product of the interaction of two factors,
internal and external forces
●A. Lewin C. Locke
B. Wertheimer D. Jung
33. According to this developmental psychologist, children’s thinking skills move from simplicity to
complexity
A. Bandura ●C. Piaget
B. Thorndike D. Freud
34. The inventor of the first usable intelligence test
A. Freud C. Skinner
B. Piaget ●D. Binet
35. This particular theorist believes that the mind is blank at birth
A. Allport ●C. Loche
B. Skinner D. Binet
36. He is generally considered as the father of modern education
A. Collin C. Aristotle
●B. Comenius D. hagel
37. Kindergarten movement is the legacy of this man who is considered the father of kindergarten
A. Pestalozzi C. Montessori
●B. Froebel D. Collins
38. He once said: “education is not a preparation for life…it is life”
A. Montessori C. Havighurst
●B. Dewey D. Skinner
39. He proposed that every child is born with a unique potential, his individuality, but that potential remained
unfulfilled until it was analyzed and transformed by education
A. Lewin ●C. Herbart
B. Kohler D. Havighurst
40. He pioneered in coming up with a list of development task as individuals pass through the developmental
stages
●A. Havigburst C. Anastasi
B. Hurlock D. Herbart
41. This educator is famous for applying classical education to impoverished children of Chicago Illinois.
●A. Collins C. Froebel
B. Montessori D. Piaget
42. This educator opposes the traditional notion that students are empty vessels. He call this traditional
technique as banking system
A. Herbart ● C. Freire
B. Locke D. Rousseau
43. He pioneered in the study of language acquisition of children
●A. Rousseau C. Chomsky
B. Freire D. Rubenstein
44. He introduced the notion of zone of proximal development and “scaffolding”
●A. Vygotsky C. Chomsky
B. Tyler D. Rubenstein
45. This condition is also known as trisomy 21
A Turner Syndrome ●C. Down Syndrome
B. Patau Syndrome D. Autism
46. This condition is characterized by poor spelling and pervasive difficulty in reading
A. Mental retardation C. Savant
B. autism ●D. dyslexia
47. Certain injury to the language area of the brain can cause the total loss of the ability to produce and/ or
understand language, this condition is known as
A. Mutism C. aspergers
●B. Aphasia D. dyslexia
48. ___________is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and
communicatio9n and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
A. Mental retardation C. ADHD
●B. Autism D. Physical Disabilities
49. __________ refers to quantitative changes in an individual as he progresses in chronological age.
A. Development C. Cephalocaudal
●B. Growth D. Proximodistal
50. __________ refers to progressive series of changes of an orderly coherent type leading to the individual’s
maturation.
●A. Development C. Cephalocaudal
B. Growth D. Proximodistal