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Scaling up
your business
with 5G
USE CASES TO SHAPE YOUR
JOURNEY TO 5G SUCCESS

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Introduction
5G changes the game for everyone. For consumers, 5G supports immersive experiences, higher mobile
data rates and Internet of Things (IoT) connectivity that will revolutionize their interactions with the
world around them. For enterprises, 5G enhances 4G LTE capabilities to provide reliable wireless
that enables new IoT applications, drives industries towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution and
creates new opportunities to improve business efficiency.

The transition to 5G also presents exciting opportunities for mobile operators to


address new use cases. According to the Nokia 5G Maturity Index, a comprehensive
assessment of operators’ readiness for 5G transformation, the most highly
anticipated use cases include connected cars, autonomous vehicles,
immersive augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) experiences,
tactile internet and critical healthcare monitoring.

The degree of prioritization and readiness relative to


5G use cases varies based on geography and ecosystem
development. But it’s clear that all operators and
enterprises need smart planning to capitalize on many
new opportunities that 5G brings.

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10 Gbps

Introduction 5G standard
and use case Extreme
Mobile
Enhanced Mobile
5G first
phase

roadmap R15
Broadband
Broadband

This eBook aims to help mobile operators and enterprises plan a successful journey
to 5G by examining eight essential use cases for consumer and vertical markets: 5G 5G next
phases
Massive Critical
machine-type machine-type
R17+ communication R16 communication
Video surveillance and analytics eHealth services
5G NR light, URLLC
mature slicing

Fixed Wireless Access Machine remote control


Downlink: 1.5 Gbps
Uplink: 300 Mbps
Immersive experiences Cloud robotics and process automation

Extreme
Smart stadiums Assisted and autonomous vehicles Mobile
Mobile
Broadband
broadband

Some of these use cases may depend on technology enablers that are tightly
connected to the 5G specification schedule. All are feasible with 4G and can be 4G
developed in 5G. We support each of these use cases with Nokia 5G Future X,
IoT & Machine-type
an end-to-end portfolio of solutions, software and services that helps mobile sensors communication

operators and enterprises start realizing the promise of 5G today. LTE for machine-type Latency: <10 ms
communication & Narrowband IoT Reliability: 3–5x 9s
Low data rate, long battery life

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Video
surveillance
and analytics

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Video surveillance
and analytics MARKET SIZE FIGURES

Video surveillance market size


Market opportunity
[1]
Wireless video surveillance is a cost-effective way to enhance safety and security
in industrial sites, campuses and public spaces. It’s also increasingly popular: ABI US$55B
Research estimates that the video surveillance market will grow from $US22.6 billion in
2016 to $US55 billion in 2023. [1]

Wireless broadband makes it possible to mount cameras on drones and land-based


US$22.6B
vehicles, or in places that are difficult to reach with fixed cables. These cameras can
provide footage that enhances situational awareness and decision making for a variety
of industries. For example, drone-mounted cameras can help first responders address
2016 2023
fires or natural disasters more effectively. They can enable terminal operators to
inspect container ships before they reach the port. Or allow wind farm operators to
detect problems before they cause costly turbine outages.
TA R G E T I N D U S T R I E S
The addition of video analytics creates more valuable applications. In factory
environments, video analytics can enhance quality, security and efficiency by enabling Energy Smart cities
automatic fault detection, intrusion detection and control of robots. In search and
Manufacturing and logistics Transportation
rescue scenarios, the combination of camera drones and video analytics can enable
Public safety Venues
first responders to efficiently survey a remote area without human intervention.

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How 5G impacts this Use case timeline


business area 4G 5G FIRST PHASE 5G NEXT PHASES
Wireless video surveillance demands high uplink
ENHANCED MOBILE BROADBAND URLLC, SLICING
capacity. LTE can provide sufficient performance to
Mobile non-HD and HD video Increase in the number of Ability to guarantee low latency
meet these demands in the short term. But enterprises
surveillance (land vehicles) cameras and video quality (4K) to support increased density of
need the enhanced uplink capacity and throughput at the same location remote applications
provided by 5G to deploy high-resolution cameras or Mobile non-HD and HD video
increase the density of cameras within a given area. surveillance (drones) Automatic drone control based
on video analytics for centralized
Enterprises also need 5G if they want to combine Remote-controlled drones that coordination of high-speed drones
support video surveillance and
4K cameras with video analytics to support new use
sensor feedback
cases such as precise object recognition or detecting
product defects on assembly lines. The low latency of
5G is required for use cases where video is used and
analyzed to provide automatic assistance to flying How Nokia can help
objects such as drones.
Nokia has extensive experience building private LTE networks to support video surveillance applications for
a variety of industries. Our ViTrust solution provides comprehensive mission- and business-critical wireless
broadband capabilities for public safety agencies and smart cities. It includes video management systems and
real-time video analytics solutions that optimize safety and security by identifying dangerous or suspicious
activities. These capabilities can be integrated with our advanced command center solution.

Our end-to-end private wireless solution enables port authorities to support wireless video surveillance using
cameras mounted on ship-to-shore gantry cranes. The cameras allow them to monitor the status of containers
before and after unloading and inform end customers promptly if damages occur. Manufacturers can use our
end-to-end 5G solution to support ultra-high-density video monitoring of factories with real-time analysis and
alerts. Our Scene Analytics solution makes real-time monitoring possible by using machine learning to detect
and identify abnormal activities.

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C ASE STUDY C ASE STUDY

Video surveillance of Nokia drone networks in


assembly line at Nokia the Philippines
Oulu factory We are collaborating with mobile operator
Smart Communications and the Philippine
We collaborated with mobile operator Telia
Red Cross (PRC) to support disaster relief
to deploy Multi-access Edge Computing
efforts with innovative technologies such
(MEC) with 5G and video applications
as drones connected to portable wireless
to monitor and analyze assembly line
networks. The drones can be equipped
processes at our factory in Oulu, Finland.
with cameras, sensors or speakers to
Our video analytics application uses
provide aerial insights to the PRC. Data
machine learning to monitor live video
analytics improve situational awareness
streamed over 5G, detect inconsistencies
and help incident commanders prioritize
and alert the assembly line manager
resources for people in distress.
immediately. The solution ensures high
performance, reliability and quality by
enabling the factory to identify and
correct problems in real time.

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Projects and partnerships


SEGMENT ECOSYSTEM PARTNERS USE CASE

MARITIME Ship-to-shore gantry cranes mounted with


UKKOVERKOT, STEVECO
FINLAND, 2018 wireless cameras to monitor container status

MANUFACTURING 4K video monitoring of factory assembly


TELIA, INTEL, FINWE
FINLAND, 2018 work with alerts in real time

MARITIME DEUTSCHE TELEKOM, HAMBURG


Video surveillance systems for gates and cranes
GERMANY, 2018 PORT AUTHORITY, 5G MONARCH

MINING
RIO TINTO Video surveillance of mine operations
AUSTRALIA, 2019

OIL AND GAS Automated drones with camera and video


OIL REFINERY
FINLAND, 2019 analytics used to survey oil refinery

PUBLIC SAFETY PHILIPPINE RED CROSS, Use of automated drones to improve situational
PHILIPPINES, 2018 SMART COMMUNICATIONS awareness for disaster relief efforts

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Fixed Wireless
Access

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Fixed Wireless
Access MARKET SIZE FIGURES

Market opportunity Revenue from 5G-based


FWA subscriptions
The era of connected homes has begun. Consumers are eagerly
embracing smart devices, wearable technology and smart home
$US40B
84%
management applications. High-definition (HD) video is growing
clearer and sharper as device makers move from 4K to 8K
resolution. And with virtual, augmented and mixed reality (AR/VR/
MR) gaining traction, hyper-real virtual experiences will soon be
from
widely available with the touch of a button.
2019–2025 [2]
By 2030, wireless networks could be carrying 10,000 times more $US1B
data than they do today. Network operators need to be ready
to handle and capitalize on all the data that connected home
applications will produce. 5G Fixed Wireless Access (5G FWA) 2019 2025 CAGR
opens up opportunities for operators to leap into new market
segments. It enables them to quickly develop and launch new
bundles for consumers (e.g. triple play, gaming, video and music TA R G E T I N D U S T R I E S
streaming services) and cloud-based business applications for
the small/home office and small and medium-sized enterprise Consumer households
(SME) segments.
Small/home offices

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How 5G impacts this Use case timeline


business area
4G 5G FIRST PHASE 5G NEXT PHASES
5G FWA allows operators to provide broadband
ENHANCED MOBILE BROADBAND URLLC, SLICING
services to households and small/home offices
in places where there is no fixed telecom 10 Mbps and higher Fiber-like broadband speeds for Fiber-like broadband speeds
for internet access immersive home (AR/VR/MR) for latency-critical immersive
infrastructure, where it would be too costly to
experiences applications such as gaming
deploy this infrastructure, or where the existing
and telepresence
infrastructure can’t provide sufficient service with Applications for small business
a short time to market. According to GSMA, FWA
reduces the cost per bit to connect households
to broadband by 74 percent compared to wireline
connections. [3]

With FWA, residential gateways connect to the


best wireless signals available to bring reliable How Nokia can help
broadband connectivity into the home. As 5G
evolves, FWA will enable operators to deliver Nokia is a true end-to end 5G FWA solution provider. In addition to 5G network
the fiber-like speeds that business applications infrastructure, we offer the FastMile 5G gateway, a self-contained residential
and immersive gaming, telepresence and AR/ device that connects to the mobile network while creating a better and
VR/MR applications demand. It will also create faster Wi-Fi experience within the home. The FastMile 5G gateway also
opportunities for additional monetization through supports 4G. It uses the best wireless signals available to bring the
over-the-top gaming or video subscriptions for best possible broadband service to the home. With FastMile,
consumers or cloud-based environments for small/ operators can achieve twice the indoor coverage, three times
home offices. more downlink capacity and five times more uplink capacity
compared to traditional gateways.

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C ASE STUDY

Nokia and Optus establish


5G FWA in Australia
Australia’s Optus was the first operator to deploy our plug-and-play FastMile
5G indoor gateway in a live network and successfully launch FWA service using
the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) 5G New Radio (5G NR) standard.
Optus now uses FastMile to offer FWA services to select residential customers.

The successful test of our 5G network and gateway was an important


milestone in Optus’s plan to launch a commercial 5G FWA service that would
dramatically enhance wireless broadband performance in homes across
Australia. Optus has expanded on this plan by using FastMile to support
services that allow customers to stream multiple 4K videos simultaneously.

Optus used our solutions to launch the world’s first live 5G FWA network in
February 2019. The network is based on the latest 3GPP release 15 5G NR
standard. At the launch date, Optus had three live 5G sites. This number
rose to 50 within a month. Optus plans to extend coverage to 1,200 sites by
March 2020. These sites will include residential locations and hotspots around
airports, train stations, sports stadiums and central business districts.

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Projects and partnerships


SEGMENT ECOSYSTEM PARTNERS USE CASE

CONSUMERS Ultra HD broadcast utilizing end-to


FRANCE TÉLÉVISIONS
FRANCE, 2018 end Nokia 5G infrastructure

CONSUMERS Immersive experiences and high speed public Wi-Fi


KT, INTEL
SOUTH KOREA, 2017 Internet access powered by 5G for a global sports event

CONSUMERS AND
Launch FWA service using the
SMALL /HOME OFFICES OPTUS
AUSTRALIA, 2018
5G NR standard

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Immersive
experiences

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Immersive experiences for public spaces


and campuses MARKET SIZE FIGURES

Worldwide spending on AR/VR


Market opportunity
Consumer appetites for immersive entertainment are growing
as technologies evolve to support more lifelike experiences. With
$US20.4B 69.6%
360-degree VR, viewers can enjoy sporting events, concerts and from 2017–2022 [4]
festivals as if they are actually there – or even view the action
from the perspective of the players. VR, AR and MR will change the
gaming experience by providing immersive, visually stimulating
$US12.1B
experiences. Networks that ensure ultra-low latency will allow
players to connect with one another and experience hyper-realistic 2018 2019 CAGR
shared gameplay in real time.

Enterprises in many industries can use AR and MR technologies to


enhance worker training and develop faster ways to make workers TA R G E T I N D U S T R I E S
productive. For example, VR technology can enable enterprises to
recreate dangerous scenarios so that workers can safely practice Advertising Gaming Retail
their skills. It can also support remote coworking, which creates
Broadcast media and entertainment Healthcare Smart cities
efficiencies by allowing workers to collaborate in VR spaces. AR,
Concerts Manufacturing and logistics Sporting events
VR and MR can also create efficiencies by giving workers access
to data exactly when they need it, or by providing new ways to Energy and resources Public safety
interact with data, applications and the environment around them. Festivals

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How 5G impacts this Use case timeline


business area 4 G / LT E W I T H M E C 5G FIRST PHASE 5G NEXT PHASES
Consumers will pay for immersive experiences if they
ENHANCED MOBILE BROADBAND URLLC, SLICING
deliver a consistently high level of quality. 5G will help
CONSUMER USE CASES
attract subscribers by providing the throughput and
180-degree video Live 360-degree video AR volumetric video
capacity required for high-resolution and high-frame-
AR non-time-sensitive Game streaming – AAA titles Mixed reality AR real-time
rate video transmissions. Edge cloud deployments will
advertising overlay in-game overlays
deliver the ultra-low latency required to compensate
for content and endpoint processing times. And 5G Game streaming – basic Multi-player VR game streaming
network slicing will allow operators to use a defined
INDUSTRY USE CASES
quality of experience (QoE) to ensure consistency.
AR – static AR content overlay – real-time data AR/VR haptic feedback

Enterprises will use immersive experiences if they Mixed reality Holographic solutions
can provide quality and reliability that ensure safety
and increase efficiency. 5G will ensure consistent and
timely data transmission for AR applications with How Nokia can help
ultra-low latency and high reliability. Edge computing
will reduce network delay and ensure that ensure
Nokia understands the challenges involved in delivering VR, AR and MR over 5G networks. We have successfully
that sensitive data stays in the enterprise’s
delivered 360-degree and multi-view videos and AR experiences for sporting events such as NASCAR races,
network. Network slicing will isolate data traffic
Formula 1 races and international football matches. And we have built proof-of-concept cloud gaming networks
for different applications, allowing security
to prepare for future demands.
policies to be applied for sensitive information.
We have also taken part in multiple projects involving the development and deployment of AR and VR
applications for campuses and industrial sites. These applications support a variety of use cases, from water
gate control systems for maritime ports to assembly line analysis and maintenance support for factories.

Our MEC platform can rapidly process AR and VR content at the very edge of the mobile network. It reduces
latency to deliver the ultra-responsive performance that is essential for all immersive experiences.

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CONSUMER C ASE STUDY

Verizon 360 Live multi-user VR


Moving beyond 2D linear broadcasting will allow the broadcast
media and entertainment industry, to deliver new immersive
experiences for live events. Together with Verizon, we
highlighted one exciting new possibility by demonstrating a
multi-user VR experience at the 2019 National Association of
Broadcasters (NAB) Show in Las Vegas.

The demonstration used a 360-degree 4K camera that


transmitted in the uplink over a 5G system. The Imeve Live
platform processed the content and allowed two users wearing
VR headsets to see and interact with one other in real time
in the same VR environment. The demonstration supported
bidirectional audio interaction and allowed static digital images
and video to be overlaid or inserted into the live feed.

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INDUSTRY C ASE STUDY

Remote monitoring of
industrial assembly work
Together with Telefónica, the University of Valladolid and the city of Segovia,
Spain, we demonstrated a new 5G Industry 4.0 use case that enables remote
monitoring of an operator’s industrial assembly work using an AR application.

Images of the assembly line are captured by a camera and sent to an MEC
server over a 5G network. A video analytics system compares these images
with the operator’s expected assembly and returns instructions through an
AR app on a tablet. The system requires low latency to monitor the operator’s
work in real time. 5G technology is ideal because it can reduce latency to a
range of 1–5 milliseconds.

The MEC server plays a central role in achieving this low latency because it
allows the data to be processed closer to the end user to support faster
response times – an essential requirement for Industry 4.0. We deployed the
MEC server using a 5G radio node and a complete network core.

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Projects and partnerships


SEGMENT ECOSYSTEM PARTNERS USE CASE

BROADCAST MEDIA
AND ENTERTAINMENT VERIZON 360-degree multi-user VR experience
UNITED STATES, 2019

BROADCAST MEDIA
Enhanced TV experience with 8K Ultra HD
AND ENTERTAINMENT FRANCE TÉLÉVISIONS
FRANCE, 2018
streaming over 5G network

BROADCAST MEDIA AND


5G for events, including immersive content creation and
ENTERTAINMENT KT, INTEL
SOUTH KOREA, 2017
consumption scenarios at major world football championship

BROADCAST MEDIA AND


ENTERTAINMENT BT 360-degree VR experience for live football broadcasts
UNITED KINGDOM, 2016

MANUFACTURING Remote monitoring of assembly work


CITY OF SEGOVIA, TELEFÓNICA
SPAIN, 2018 with MEC, video analytics and AR

eliver the extraordin


VIDEO
SURVEILLANCE
A N D A N A LY T I C S
FIXED
WIRELESS
ACCESS
IMMERSIVE
EXPERIENCE
SMART
S TA D I U M S
e H E A LT H
SERVICES
MACHINE
REMOTE
CONTROL
CLOUD ROBOTICS
AND PROCESS
A U TO M AT I O N
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AUTONOMOUS
VEHICLES
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Smart
stadiums

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Smart stadiums
Market opportunity MARKET SIZE FIGURES

Data traffic continues to rise inside sports and


Global smart stadium market growth
entertainment venues. For example, Verizon
reported that fans consumed 18.8 terabytes of

23.1%
data in and around US Bank Stadium during the
2018 Super Bowl, with usage dominated by social
media applications.
$US22.1B
Venue operators, sports leagues and artists are from 2018–2025
from 2018–2025 [5]

looking for new ways to increase engagement


digital-native audiences. Venue operators want
to turn stadiums, arenas and concert halls
$US4.1B
into destinations – and generate new upsell
opportunities – by offering more services, including 2017 2025 CAGR
food and retail. They also want to reduce operating
costs by improving their safety systems and
managing their staff, physical assets and other
resources more effectively.
TA R G E T I N D U S T R I E S

Concerts Festivals Smart cities


Exhibition halls Museums Sporting events

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4G

How 5G impacts this Use case timeline


business area 4G 5G FIRST PHASE
G is for Growth 5G NEXT PHASES
Today’s networks may be able to handle
ENHANCED MOBILE BROADBAND URLLC, SLICING
traffic growth based on existing social media
Standalone applications AR/VR experiences with Live synchronized gaming
and web applications. But they have minimal
performers
resources left to implement more immersive Full HD streaming (1080p) Mixed mode broadcast
experiences, such as AR applications for 4K, high dynamic range (HDR) (uplink/downlink)
navigating around venues, real-time overlays and 8K streaming
for play-by-play action on the sports field, or
meet-and-greets between fans and artists
in VR. New applications like these will require
more capacity and a higher quality of service
to deliver an optimal customer experience.

How Nokia can help


Nokia has extensive experience in optimizing and deploying networks and
MEC-based solutions for stadiums and events such as Mercedes-Benz
Arena in Shanghai, the Formula 1 Chinese Grand Prix and multiple
digital venue applications in the US. Our digital design services can
help any venue or event operator deploy a network solution that
addresses the demands of increasingly digital-savvy audiences
and enhances the fan experience.

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C ASE STUDY

MEC and 5G for smart stadiums

In collaboration with Intel, China Unicom and Tencent Cloud, we


conducted a groundbreaking trial of Edge Video Orchestration (EVO)
technology at Mercedes-Benz Arena in Shanghai. Based on MEC, EVO
cuts latency dramatically by allowing video to be stored locally and
routed directly to fans instead of traveling across the backhaul network.
Combined with a high-capacity 4G or 5G network it ensures that fans
will enjoy a great video experience.

For the trial, we captured a live pop concert with HD cameras and
used small cells to transmit the footage to fans in and around the
arena. Fans could stream video from four channels through a mobile
application. By delivering live video at low latency to thousands of
users in real time, the trial showed how 4G, 5G and MEC will make
stadiums smarter and transform the event experience.

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Projects and partnerships


SEGMENT ECOSYSTEM PARTNERS USE CASE

EVENTS Broadcasting of ultra-high-quality live reports and


FRANCE TÉLÉVISIONS
FRANCE, 2018 8K video to consumers’ mobile devices and TVs

EVENTS Extending 5G connectivity to experience zones


KT, INTEL
SOUTH KOREA, 2017 at major international sporting events

Enabling fans to capture their own 3D AR


VENUES
AT&T, JAUNT holograms, view them in real time and share
US, 2018
their experiences on social media

VENUES 360-degree 3D virtual reality transmission


TELIA
FINLAND, 2017 of football match at Telia 5G Arena

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Projects and partnerships


SEGMENT ECOSYSTEM PARTNERS USE CASE

VENUES INTEL, CHINA UNICOM, TENCENT Using MEC to reduce latency and support new video
CHINA, 2017 CLOUD, MERCEDES-BENZ ARENA experiences at sports arenas and concert halls

VENUES Helping pilgrims navigate crowds, locate and meet up


ZAIN SAUDI ARABIA
SAUDI ARABIA, 2017 with friends, and view video streams in crowded areas

VENUES Enabling fans to watch multiple real-time


CHUNGHWA TELECOM
TAIWAN, 2016 video feeds of games at Lamigo Stadium

VENUES Extreme mobile data capacity and real-time video


CHINA MOBILE
CHINA, 2016 footage at major Shanghai motor race

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eHealth
services

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eHealth
Market opportunity MARKET SIZE FIGURES

Mobile networks will play a key role in enabling eHealth Size of global healthcare market
services, telemedicine and wearables to address the
key challenges of modern healthcare. These challenges
include extending medical support to remote areas,
transporting patients more efficiently and filling gaps

$US534.3B
created by a lack of skilled medical personnel.

The eHealth opportunity is massive. ABI Research


estimates that shipments of remote patient-monitoring
wearables will grow 32 percent between 2017 and 2021. by 2025 [7]

[6]
Grand View Research projects that the size of the
global healthcare IoT market will reach $US534.3 billion
by 2025. [7]
And EMC and IDC expect that healthcare
data will grow from 153 exabytes in 2013 to 2,314
exabytes by 2020. [8]
To seize the eHealth opportunity,
healthcare organizations will need mobile networks that
can provide the performance and scalability to support
TA R G E T I N D U S T R I E S
these systems and data.
Healthcare

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How 5G impacts this Use case timeline


business area 4G 5G FIRST PHASE 5G NEXT PHASES
The new level of performance provided by 5G
ENHANCED MOBILE BROADBAND URLLC, SLICING
networks will be an important enabler for key
Remote diagnostics within a Moving ambulance remote Remote, robotic-controlled
eHealth and telemedicine applications. For
hospital or venue diagnostics surgery with haptic feedback
example, the high guaranteed uplink speeds of
5G networks will enable moving ambulances to Remote telemedicine within a Moving ambulance Massive IoT-based medication
transmit life-critical data to hospitals, including hospital or venue telemedicine management
high-definition video and the outputs of
Care and tracking for senior Remote-controlled surgery
sophisticated medical tools. These capabilities
citizens with video feedback
will provide insights that improve situational
awareness and enable doctors diagnose and
address problems before patients arrive at the
hospital.

5G will also have the unique ability to provide How Nokia can help
the ultra-low latency and reliability required
to support even remote surgeries. These Nokia is well placed to help healthcare organizations realize the potential of 5G. We have more
capabilities will be essential in cases where than 20 years of experience in the sector and offer a complete portfolio that supports the
haptic feedback needs to be transmitted to the transition to digital technologies and real-time healthcare. We also offer professional services
surgeon over the 5G network. Low latency and that help healthcare organizations use their existing technology platforms to enable significant
high reliability will also allow hospitals to take transformation and growth. Bell Labs Consulting provides support, planning and structured
advantage of cloud robotics use cases. methodologies that enable healthcare organizations to understand the business case for new
technologies and establish quantifiable outcomes for healthcare systems.

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C ASE STUDY

5G hospital in Oulu, Finland


Nokia is taking part in a multi-partner research project that
seeks to improve patient care and lower costs by making a
fully 5G connected hospital a reality. We have provided a 5G
network that will enable the Oulu University Hospital to test
more than 90 percent of its procedures and determine how
digitalization and reliable connectivity could enhance them.

Part of the project involves studying the patient experience


from admission to discharge. The goal is to understand
the concerns and questions that patients have at different
points of the process and identify connected health services
that could simplify their treatment and care.

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Projects and partnerships


SEGMENT ECOSYSTEM PARTNERS USE CASE

HEALTHCARE OULU UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, High-accuracy indoor positioning equipment and mobile
FINLAND, 2018 HELSINKI UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL robot to help medical personnel perform specific tasks

HEALTHCARE HELSINKI NEW CHILDREN’S


Broadband connectivity for patients and doctors
FINLAND, 2018 HOSPITAL, ELISA

Use of connected sensors to support air quality


HEALTHCARE UNIVERSITY OF HELSINKI,
monitoring from end-user applications on
FINLAND, 2018 CHINA MOBILE
handheld or wearable devices

Super-ambulances equipped with CT and X-ray scanners


HEALTHCARE
CHINA MOBILE and HD video communication capabilities connect and
CHINA, 2017
send critical data to the Emergency Room Center (ERC)

HEALTHCARE
CHINA MOBILE Real-time VR stream of operations for visitors and learners
CHINA, 2017

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Machine
remote
control

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Machine remote
control MARKET SIZE FIGURES

Commercial UAS market potential


Market opportunity
Many industries want to use remote-controlled
machines such as drones, cranes and robot
arms to boost operational efficiency in hard-
to-reach areas and increase safety by keeping
workers out of hazardous environments. The
growing demand for machine remote control
is a key driver for the deployment of private
$US15.1B
wireless networks. Most of the machines that by 2027 [9]

need remote control are mobile and require


reliable wireless connectivity, often over long
distances. Service providers can meet current
control requirements with LTE and support
emerging and future requirements through 5G
transformation. TA R G E T I N D U S T R I E S

Energy and resources


Manufacturing and logistics
Transportation

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How 5G impacts this Use case timeline


business area 4G 5G FIRST PHASE 5G NEXT PHASES
A private LTE network can support nearly
ENHANCED MOBILE BROADBAND URLLC, SLICING
all machine remote control applications in
Use of drones to support Increase in the number and Ability to guarantee low latency as
a campus environment. But the need to
mobile video surveillance and quality of video cameras within more remote control applications
transmit more data back to the command sensor feedback a given campus are used within a given campus
center is driving demand for the higher
uplink capacity provided by 5G. For example, Remote control of cranes Use of drones to support 4K Haptic/tactile feedback-enhanced
a private LTE network can support Full HD using video only (e.g. seaports, mobile video surveillance remote vehicle control
construction)
video streams but it will take a 5G network
to support 4K video and sensors. Over time, Remote control of robot arms,
the increasing density of remote-controlled inspection tools and hazardous
machines and demand for data-intensive area robots
control methods such as haptic feedback will
compel more industries to choose 5G.

How Nokia can help


Our private LTE solutions enable machine remote control with mobile edge computing that ensures
low latency. We have significant experience in helping our customers and partners build private
networks that support applications such as remote-controlled harbor cranes, production line robots
and vehicles and drilling machines for open pit mines. We are now validating an end-to-end 5G
solution that will support these and many other remote machine control applications with new levels
of capacity and performance.

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C ASE STUDY

Using private LTE, 5G and


IIoT to build smarter cranes
We are working with Konecranes and Ukkoverkot to
build a private LTE network that uses 5G concepts
and a global digital automation platform to support
the development of smart cranes. The new network
will accelerate research and development in the
fields of industrial IoT (IIoT) and business-critical
broadband connectivity. It will enable Konecranes to
achieve new levels of automation by adding sensors,
actuators, video cameras and advanced analytics
to its world-leading lifting systems for ports and
manufacturers.

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Projects and partnerships


SEGMENT ECOSYSTEM PARTNERS USE CASE

MANUFACTURING BOSCH CONNECTED 5G-connected robots that automatically stop


GERMANY, 2017 DEVICES AND SOLUTIONS the production line when an alarm is triggered

MARITIME
KONECRANES, UKKOVERKOT Remote control of factory cranes
FINLAND, 2018

MINING
MINING GROUP Remote control of drilling machines
AUSTRALIA, 2018

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Cloud robotics
and process
automation

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Cloud robotics and process


automation
MARKET SIZE FIGURES

Market opportunity Cloud robotics market growth

Many industries want to use automation and


robotization to simplify their processes, increase
efficiency and eliminate human errors. Some
segments also want to explore the potential to
$US9.822B
22.86%
use robots in clean rooms, mixed environments from 2019–2024 [10]

(collaborative robots) or environments that


can be dangerous for humans. With a potential $US2.857B
market that starts with more than 10 million
manufacturing sites worldwide and extends to
a variety of industries, the cloud robotics and 2018 2024 CAGR
process automation opportunity is immense.
But seizing this opportunity demands networks
that can deliver reliability, low latency with high TA R G E T I N D U S T R I E S
bandwidth and a wide ecosystem of machines
that support LTE and 5G in their subsystems. Agriculture Retail
Energy and resources Smart cities
Healthcare Transportation
Manufacturing and logistics

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How 5G impacts Use case timeline


this business area 4G 5G FIRST PHASE 5G NEXT PHASES
Wireless connectivity removes the constraints
ENHANCED MOBILE BROADBAND URLLC, SLICING
of today’s static factory production lines.
Collaborative automated robots Support for more cloud Industrial process automation
Allowing machines to become mobile reduces
(northbound connectivity) robotics within the same site and motion control (network
the time required to reconfigure the production driving high automation layer)
environment and address changing demands. Static, slow moving collaborative cloud robotics
for the factory floor (northbound connectivity Simpler service robots
Private LTE networks support many cloud robotics and network driving high automation layer) (northbound connectivity
and process automation applications today. 5G and network for high
networks will improve robot performance and Complex service robots (northbound connectivity) automation layer)
create opportunities for deeper automation by Real-time digital twins
supporting higher capacity and lower latency.

5G network slicing will enable companies


to support robotics use cases in public How Nokia can help
environments by guaranteeing private-like
network performance nationwide. The capabilities that enable 5G’s next phases (R16/17) rely on tight integration and orchestration between the elements
of the network. With our end-to-end 5G portfolio and experience with cloud data, analytics, software robots and
With the addition of Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency communications, we are well positioned to offer companies everything they need to unleash the full potential of cloud
Communication (URLLC) and Time Sensitive robotics and process automation.
Networking (TSN) in R17, 5G will allow some of
the simpler machine control to be processed We have significant experience in deploying private LTE solutions in several of our own manufacturing plants as well as in
in the edge cloud. This will eliminate the customer environments such as a BMW plant in China. In many cases, we validated our solution against the use cases by
need for some local programmable logic deploying it using the machines, robots and automated guided vehicles (AGVs) that were already working in the factory.
controllers (PLCs), creating opportunities
In one of our factories, we worked with our AGV manufacturer to boost the capabilities of our AGVs with private LTE. We
to reduce machine costs and improve
have also worked with Bosch Rexroth to validate the use of LTE and 5G for connecting machines and robots, and as part
machine coordination.
of larger endeavors such as ARENA2036 in Germany.

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C ASE STUDY

Testing equipment connectivity


in the Nokia Oulu factory
The equipment we use to test production lines in
our Oulu factory needs to be changed every month
or so. In the past, we used a variety of different
types of cable to connect this equipment. It took
a week to change the test setup and reconnect all
the machines. Now that we have deployed a 5G-like
network, we can reshuffle and reconnect our test
machines in a few days.

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Projects and partnerships


SEGMENT ECOSYSTEM PARTNERS USE CASE

AVIATION Autonomous robot interacts with passengers and


HELSINKI AIRPORT, TELIA, FINAVIA
FINLAND, 2018 airport personnel as it performs service tasks

HEALTHCARE OULU UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, High-accuracy indoor positioning equipment and mobile
FINLAND, 2018 HELSINKI UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL robot to help medical personnel perform specific tasks

MANUFACTURING
NOKIA OULU FACTORY, TELIA Autonomous indoor vehicles (AIVs) for factory logistics
FINLAND, 2018

MANUFACTURING BOSCH CONNECTED 5G-connected robots that automatically stop the


GERMANY, 2017 DEVICES AND SOLUTIONS production line when an alarm is triggered

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Assisted and
autonomous
vehicles

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Assisted and
autonomous vehicles
Market opportunity MARKET SIZE FIGURES

According to the World Health Organization, road


Global connected car market value
accidents cause approximately 1.35 million deaths and

100%
leave up to 50 million people injured or disabled each [14]
year. These crashes cost most countries about 3 percent
of their gross domestic product. [11] But people are on
$US225.158B
the road more than ever: Average Americans spend 18
days in their cars annually. [12]

by 2022 [13]

Current market forecasts indicate that by 2022, all new


cars and trucks will be connected to the network. [13]
$US63.026B
This trend aligns with the rise of 5G, which will support
new experiences that make road travel easier, safer and 2017 2025
more enjoyable, and give people back time that could
Percentage of new cars
be used for other activities. 5G will also enhance in-car
entertainment and support new business applications TA R G E T I N D U S T R I E S
that will be connected
that enable highway transport and logistics companies
deliver their goods more cost effectively. Automotive Logistics Retail
Defense Public safety Smart cities
Highways

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How 5G impacts this Use case timeline


business area 4G 5G FIRST PHASE 5G NEXT PHASES
Current LTE-based cellular vehicle-to-everything
ENHANCED MOBILE BROADBAND URLLC, SLICING
(C-V2X) technology supports a variety of types
Assisted driving – forward Improved assisted driving – Fully autonomous driving
of communication between traffic participants,
warnings static object discovery, HD maps and remote vehicle control
including vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to- (autonomous vehicle fallback)
infrastructure (V2I), vehicle-to-network (V2N) and In-vehicle infotainment Software updates for assisted
vehicle-to-vulnerable road users (V2VRU). driving and automated vehicles High-speed platooning to
improve traffic flow (requires
Evolution to 5G-based C-V2X will dramatically latency <10 milliseconds)
enhance all of these types of vehicular
communication. The introduction of 5G NR,
URLLC, edge cloud and network slicing will enable
applications that pave the way to assisted
How Nokia can help
driving and fully autonomous vehicles. The main Nokia is a founding member of the 5G Automotive Association. Together with vehicle
benefits will be fewer accidents, increased manufacturers and other telecom industry players, we have actively contributed to
driving comfort and more cost-effective road the development of end-to-end solutions for future mobility and transportation
transportation. services. We have also participated a variety of EU-based projects for connected
and automated mobility, including 5G-CroCo, 5G-Carmen, 5G-Mobix, 5G-Car,
CONCORDA, Car2MEC and MEC-View.

We have gained significant experience with basic C-V2X use cases by


working with Deutsche Telekom, Continental and Fraunhofer in Germany
and China Mobile in China. We have also conducted tests and pilots
of location systems that can deliver the precision required for
autonomous driving, working with Hexagon and KDDI in Japan
and Hexagon and Fraunhofer in Germany.

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C ASE STUDY

Assisted driving in a real


environment in Segovia, Spain
Working with Telefónica, SEAT and other partners, we presented
C-V2X use cases that will advance the 5G Technological Cities
project and help convert Segovia into a 5G environment. We
implemented an MEC server that serves as the communication
platform between the vehicle and the road infrastructure.

One use case introduced a Vulnerable Road User Alert, where a


traffic light sends an alert to vehicles when a pedestrian is in a
crosswalk on a blind right-hand corner. We also introduced a use
case in which the traffic light sends an alert to vehicles when its
signal is about to change to red. The vehicle uses its location,
speed and course to determine whether it has enough time to
cross the intersection. If the answer is no, the vehicle displays
an alert to warn the driver to prepare for a controlled stop.

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Projects and partnerships


SEGMENT ECOSYSTEM PARTNERS USE CASE

AUTOMOTIVE FRAUNHOFER ESK, CONTINENTAL, Live transmission of safety-relevant


GERMANY, 2019 DEUTSCHE TELEKOM data to vehicles using MEC

AUTOMOTIVE Alert messaging from the road infrastructure to


SEAT, TELEFÓNICA, FICOSA, SICE
SPAIN, 2018 the vehicles when pedestrian in a crosswalk

Delivery of precise location information with


AUTOMOTIVE
KDDI, HEXAGON sub-meter accuracy – a prerequisite for future
JAPAN, 2018
autonomous driving and V2X applications

AUTOMOTIVE Centimeter-level accuracy in vehicle positioning utilizing


FRAUNHOFER ESK, HEXAGON
GERMANY, 2018 MEC and regional correction information from Hexagon

AUTOMOTIVE DEUTSCHE TELEKOM, Electronic brake lights, cooperative


GERMANY, 2016 CONTINENTAL, FRAUNHOFER ESK passing assistant, intersection assistant

AUTOMOTIVE Car2X remote driving, autonomous


CHINA MOBILE
CHINA, 2016 driving and remote control

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References
[1] ABI Research, “Video Analytics in the Video Surveillance Market,” 2018.

[2] SNS Telecom & IT, “5G for FWA (Fixed Wireless Access): 2017 - 2030: Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts,” 2017.

[3] GSMA, “Fixed Wireless Access: Economic Potential and Best Practices,” 2018.

[4] IDC, “Worldwide Semiannual Augmented and Virtual Reality Spending Guide,” 2018.

[5] Allied Market Research, “Smart Stadium Market Outlook to 2025,” 2019.

[6] ABI Research, “Patient Monitoring Wearables in Healthcare,” 2017.

[7] Grand View Research, “Internet of Things (IoT) in Healthcare Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report,” 2019.

[8] EMC and IDC, “The Digital Universe Driving Data Growth in Healthcare,” 2014.

[9] Strategy Analytics, “Commercial UAS Market Outlook 2017–2027,” 2018.

[10] Mordor Intelligence, “Global Cloud Robotics Market Growth, Trends and Forecast (2019–2024)”.

[11] World Health Organization, “Global stats report on road safety 2018,” 2018.

[12] S. Szymkowski, “Study: Americans spend 18 days in their car per year, forge close bonds with a vehicle,” The Car Connection, 2019.

[13] Strategy& (PWC), “The 2018 Strategy& Digital Auto Report,” 2018.

[14] Allied Market Research, “Connected Car Market,” 2018.

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