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MCWP 4-11.

(Formerly MCWP 4-24)

Maintenance Operations

U.S. Marine Corps

PCN 143 000017 00

Headquarters United States Marine Corps
Washington, DC 20380-1775

24 April 1998



Marine Corps Warfighting Publication (MCWP) 4-11.4, Maintenance Operations, pro-

vides the commander with the basic information on the Marine Corps’ maintenance
system and how the system is employed to maintain a unit’s equipment in a combat-
ready condition.


MCWP 4-24 sets forth essentials of the Marine Corps’ equipment maintenance sys-
tem from the perspective of the unit commander. It provides a practical approach to
understanding maintenance management of ground equipment that can be applied
without any significant technical background. Maintenance policies and procedures
for aircraft and other Navy-procured equipment are outlined in OPNAVINST
4790.2, The Naval Aviation Maintenance Program (NAMP).


FMFRP 4-15, Commander’s Guide to Maintenance, 4 September 1990.

Reviewed and approved this date.


Lieutenant General, U.S. Marine Corps
Commanding General
Marine Corps Combat Development Command

DISTRIBUTION: 143 000017 00

To Our Readers

Changes: Readers of this publication are encouraged to submit

suggestions and changes that will improve it. Recommendations
may be sent directly to Commanding General, Doctrine Division (C
42), Marine Corps Combat Development Command, 3300 Russell
Road, Suite 318A, Quantico, VA 22134-5021 or by fax to
703-784-2917 (DSN 278-2917) or by E-mail to smb@doctrine
div@mccdc. Recommendations should include the following in-
Location of change
Publication number and title
Current page number
Paragraph number (if applicable)
Line number
Figure or table number (if applicable)
Nature of change
Add, delete
Proposed new text, preferably double-spaced and
Justification and/or source of change

Additional copies: A printed copy of this publication may be

obtained from Marine Corps Logistics Base, Albany, GA
31704-5001, by following the instructions in MCBul 5600, Marine
Corps Doctrinal Publications Status. An electronic copy may be
obtained from the Doctrine Division, MCCDC, world wide web
home page which is found at the following universal reference
locator: http://ismo-www1.quantico.usmc.mil/docdiv.

Unless otherwise stated, whenever the masculine or feminine

gender is used, both men and women are included.
Maintenance Operations
Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Maintenance Overview

1001 Maintenance Definition 1-1

1002 Maintenance Subfunctions 1-1
1003 Categories of Maintenance 1-3
1004 Class VIII (Medical/Dental) Maintenance 1-5

Chapter 2. Maintenance Management

2001 Command 2-1

2002 Resources 2-2
2003 Production 2-6
2004 Information 2-11

Chapter 3. Maintenance-Related Programs

3001 Secondary Reparable Program 3-1

3002 Replacement and Evacuation Program 3-1
3003 Recoverable Item Program 3-2
3004 Corrosion Prevention and Control Program 3-2
3005 Joint Oil Analysis Program 3-3

Chapter 4. Maintenance Organizations

4001 Types of MAGTF Combat Service Support Elements 4-1

4002 Combat Service Support Installations 4-2
4003 Permanent Organizations 4-3
4004 Mobile Maintenance Teams 4-5
4005 Central Maintenance Shops 4-5

Chapter 5. Maintenance Planning

5001 Supported Unit Responsibilities 5-1

5002 Supporting Unit Combat Service Support Responsibilities 5-2
5003 Combat Service Support Planning References 5-2
5004 Personnel Considerations 5-3
5005 Maintenance Tools Considerations 5-3
5006 Safety Considerations 5-3
5007 Maintenance and Supply Interface 5-4

MCWP 4-24

Chapter 6. Maintenance Execution

6001 Ground Maintenance Control and Execution Options 6-1

6002 Maintenance Afloat 6-1
6003 Maintenance in Maritime Prepositioning Force Operations 6-3
6004 Maintenance Concepts 6-3
6005 Maintenance Support in Combat 6-5
6006 Maintenance Support in the Offense 6-6
6007 Maintenance Support in the Defense 6-7
6008 Combat Recovery, Evacuation, and Repair Cycle 6-8


A Maintenance Shop Organization A-1

B Marine Corps Integrated Maintenance Management System and
the Field Maintenance Subsystem B-1
C Maintenance Directives, Technical Manuals, and Stock Lists C-1
D Glossary D-1
E References and Related Publications E-1

Works Cited

Chapter 1

Maintenance Overview
“It is a command responsibility to ensure that assigned materiel is maintained in operating condi-
tion to perform designated functions effectively.”1—Marine Corps Manual

MCDP 4, Logistics, indicates that “the complexity Our Service policy (MCO P4790.2, MIMMS
of the tasks involved in supporting a high technol- Field Procedures Manual) also considers efforts
ogy force also increases as the sophistication of its to update and upgrade the capability of materiel
weapons and equipment increases.”2 Quite simply, as a maintenance function.
the more advanced the equipment, the harder it is
to fix. Couple this with the notion of generating
ever-increasing tempo in reduced response time 1002. Maintenance Subfunctions
over greater distances and maintenance becomes a
significant challenge. To meet this challenge and a. Inspection and Classification
ensure combat readiness, commanders must be Inspection and classification are the first and last
maintenance oriented and have a basic under- tasks that a user and maintenance activity perform
standing of the Marine Corps’ maintenance sys- on equipment.
tem. The purpose of maintenance is simple and
direct—to keep equipment in service. Accord- Inspection is the checking or testing of an item
ingly, commanders must emphasize maintenance against established standards. The inspection pro-
at every level of command. cess determines maintenance requirements and
satisfactory maintenance performance. It deter-
mines if something is wrong with the equipment.
1001. Maintenance Definition All echelons of maintenance include inspections.
Inspections are most effective when the inspector
Maintenance is one of the six functional areas of is not the person who performs the maintenance.
logistics. It consists of—
Classification is the assignment of an item to a
“1. All action taken to retain materiel in a serv- maintenance category based on established proce-
iceable condition or to restore it to serviceabil- dures. The assigned classification determines who
ity. It includes: inspection, testing, servicing, repairs the item and where the repairs are made.
classification as to serviceability, repair, re-
building, and reclamation. 2. All supply and re- When an item is evacuated to a higher echelon,
the higher echelon’s repair organization also
pair action taken to keep a force in condition to
inspects and classifies equipment for service-
carry out its mission. 3. The routine recurring
ability/failure using tools and techniques unavail-
work required to keep a facility (plant, building, able to the lower echelon. This re-checking by the
structure, ground facility, utility system, or higher echelon confirms the results of the lower
other real property) in such condition that it echelon’s inspection. The higher echelon also per-
may be continuously utilized, at its original or forms a final inspection and classification before
designed capacity and efficiency, for its in- returning the equipment to the lower echelon.
tended purpose.”3 This confirms that the appropriate repairs were
1-2 MCWP 4-24

completed. The owning unit’s maintenance or- equipment. These are often referred to as “secon-
ganization performs the final equipment inspec- dary reparables,” “secreps,” or “line replacement
tion and classification before placing the item units.” See chapter 3 for more information on sec-
back in service. ondary reparables.

b. Servicing, Adjustment, and Tuning Two repair techniques are cannibalization and se-
lective interchange. Maintenance by cannibaliza-
Servicing, adjustment, and tuning tasks do not tion or selective interchange is considered to be
have precise definitions. Servicing may include all
an exceptional procedure. It is authorized only
repairs or maintenance, including adjustment and
when an operational commitment is imminent and
tuning. Tuning is a process of adjusting equipment the required part or reparable component may not
to achieve precise functioning. For example, tun- be available from stock or obtained in time. Main-
ing often refers to engine adjustments; however, tenance by cannibalization and selective inter-
engines are not the only components that need ad-
change is decided case-by-case. It can only be
justments. Regardless of precise definitions, the authorized by the Commandant of the Marine
terms have one thing in common: they refer to Corps, DC/S Installations and Logistics, Logistics
maintenance performed on operable equipment, Plans Policy and Strategic Mobility Division
including equipment that the maintenance activity
(HQMC code: LP); a major subordinate com-
has just repaired.
mand commander, and commanders of any unit
authorized third echelon repairs.
c. Testing and Calibration
Testing and calibration are terms that apply to the (1) Cannibalization. Cannibalization is the re-
maintenance of precision instruments. These in- moval of serviceable parts from an unserviceable
struments may be components of larger items, or item of equipment and installing it on another un-
they may be maintenance test equipment. Testing serviceable item to make it serviceable. Cannibali-
compares the accuracy of the instrument to an es- zation does not address the replacement of the
tablished standard. Calibration is the adjustment removed serviceable repair part/component; how-
of precision instruments that have deviated from ever selective interchange does.
their standards.
(2) Selective Interchange. Selective inter-
d. Repair change is the exchange of selected serviceable
parts/components from a deadlined item of equip-
Repair is the return of an item to serviceable con- ment for unserviceable repair parts/com- ponents
dition through correction of a specific failure or from a like item. The maintenance activity is re-
unserviceable condition. The repair cycle starts quired to immediately reuse or requisition the
when the maintenance activity removes an unserv- parts to repair other items of equipment. Selective
iceable part or reparable component. It ends when interchange can decrease the time to repair an
the maintenance activity reinstalls the replacement item and return it to the user. Selective inter-
part or reparable component and places the equip- change is commonly recognized as a lesser degree
ment back in service. of cannibalization.
Joint Pub 1-02 defines a reparable item as “an
item that can be reconditioned or economically re- e. Modification
paired for reuse when it becomes unserviceable.” Modification changes the design or assembly
A maintenance activity reconditions or repairs a characteristics of systems, end items, components,
reparable component after its removal and keeps assemblies, subassemblies, or parts. A modifica-
it in stock for reuse when the same type of com- tion’s purpose is to improve equipment function-
ponent becomes unserviceable on another item of ing, maintainability or reliability (usually issued as
Maintenance Operations 1-3

a normal modification), or its safety characteris- support element (CSSE). Evacuation is the re-
tics (typically seen as urgent modifications). sponsibility of the combat service support
Maintenance activities routinely apply normal element.
modifications to upgrade otherwise operable
equipment. However, in circumstances that re-
quire urgent modification, the item may be placed 1003. Categories of Maintenance
in an administrative deadline status, pending appli-
cation, to prevent possible damage or unsafe op- Three categories of maintenance exist within the
eration. Extensive modifications are referred to as Marine Corps’ ground equipment maintenance
product improvements and are managed sepa- system: organizational, intermediate, and depot.
rately from modifications. See chapter 2 for addi- Within these three categories are five echelons of
tional information. maintenance. Each category and echelon is
authorized to perform certain maintenance func-
f. Rebuilding and Overhauling tions on certain commodity area items of equip-
ment (e.g., communications, ordnance, motor
Rebuilding restores items to like new condition.
transport). This capability is normally listed in a
The rebuilt item’s appearance, performance, and
unit’s table of organization (T/O) mission state-
capabilities are the same as originally manufac-
ment. Maintenance units are not restricted to per-
tured. Overhauling restores items to a serviceable
forming only one echelon of maintenance. For
condition under maintenance serviceability stan-
example, a unit may be authorized to perform first
dards. Rebuilding is a depot maintenance func-
and second echelon maintenance or even third or
tion. Depending on the item, overhauling may be
fourth. To manage maintenance effectively, com-
either a depot or intermediate maintenance func-
manders must understand their maintenance re-
tion. When rebuilding or overhauling an item, the
sponsibilities and the maintenance responsibilities
maintenance activity also performs required mod-
of those units in support.
ifications that were not previously applied.
a. Organizational Maintenance
g. Reclamation
The using unit performs organizational mainte-
Reclamation is action taken to restore con-
nance on its assigned equipment. All units within
demned, scrapped, abandoned, or damaged mate-
the Marine division, force service support group
riel, parts, and components. Reclamation actions
(FSSG), and aircraft wing possess the organiza-
include repair, refabrication, or renovation. The
tional capabilities to maintain their organic equip-
maintenance activity returns reclaimed items to
ment. Organizational maintenance focuses on the
the supply system. Reclamation is a depot
operator and crew preventive/corrective measures
required by technical publications, equipment fail-
ure, and service schedules. Organizational mainte-
h. Recovery and Evacuation nance phases normally consist of inspecting,
Recovery is the process of retrieving or freeing servicing, lubricating, adjusting, and replacing
immobile, inoperative, or abandoned materiel. It parts, minor assemblies, and subassemblies. Or-
includes returning it to operation or taking it to a ganizational maintenance includes first and second
collection point for repair, evacuation, or dis- echelon maintenance responsibilities.
posal. Recovery is the responsibility of the owning
unit. Evacuation moves materiel from one combat First echelon maintenance is performed by the
service support (CSS) maintenance activity to an- user or equipment operator. This maintenance in-
other for repair or disposal. It includes moving cludes the proper care, use, operation, cleaning,
equipment between the owning unit’s mainte- preservation, lubrication, adjustment, minor re-
nance site and the supporting combat service pair, testing, and parts replacement prescribed by
1-4 MCWP 4-24

appropriate technical publications. Collection of Replacing modular components and piece

Marine Integrated Maintenance Management Sys- parts that do not require extensive post
tem (MIMMS) information is not required for maintenance testing or adjustment.
first echelon maintenance. Cleaning modular components and perform-
ing limited repair if needed.
Second echelon maintenance includes the per-
Installing replacement seals.
formance of scheduled maintenance, diagnosis
and isolation of previously identified and traced Applying external parts.
equipment malfunctions, replacement of major Installing repair kit pieces.
assemblies/modular components that can be read- Performing minor body work.
ily removed/installed and do not require critical
adjustment, and replacement of easily accessible Evaluating emissions of internal combustion
piece parts not authorized at first echelon. Second engines.
echelon maintenance is performed by specially
trained personnel in the organization. Specific Fourth echelon maintenance is normally associ-
publications authorize second echelon, mainte- ated with semi-fixed or permanent shops of inter-
nance-capable units to hold additional tools, sup- mediate maintenance activities. It is frequently
plies, and test equipment that support a higher associated with organizational shops of units that
echelon of maintenance. have a commodity-peculiar mission. Fourth eche-
lon can include—
b. Intermediate Maintenance
Diagnosing, isolating, adjusting, calibrating,
Intermediate maintenance is the responsibility of
aligning, and repairing malfunctions to inter-
and performed by designated maintenance activi-
nal piece/part levels.
ties in direct support of using organizations. Inter-
mediate maintenance phases normally consist of Replacing defective modular components not
calibration, repair, or replacement of damaged or authorized at lower echelons.
unserviceable parts, components, or assemblies; Repairing major modular components by
the emergency manufacture of nonavailable parts; grinding and adjusting items such as valves,
and providing technical assistance to using organi- tappets, and seats.
zations. Intermediate maintenance includes third Replacing internal and external piece parts to
and fourth echelon maintenance. See MCO include solid-state integrated circuits and
P4790.2 for detailed information. printed circuit boards/cards.
Note: Some elements of third and fourth echelon Performing heavy body, hull turret, and
maintenance can be performed at either the frame repair.
intermediate or organizational levels dependent
on the capability assigned in the T/O mission c. Depot Maintenance
statement of certain commodity-peculiar organi- Depot maintenance is performed on materiel that
zations (e.g., tank battalion, communications bat- requires a major overhaul or a complete rebuild-
talion, light armored reconnaissance battalion). ing of parts, assemblies, subassemblies, and end
items. This level of maintenance includes the
Third echelon maintenance is performed by spe-
manufacture of parts, modifications, testing, and
cially trained personnel and can include—
reclamation, as required. Depot maintenance sup-
ports lower categories of maintenance by provid-
Diagnosing and isolating equipment/modu- ing technical assistance and by performing
lar malfunctions. maintenance that exceeds the lower categories
Adjusting and aligning modules using test, level of responsibility. Depot maintenance also
measurement, and diagnostic equipment provides stocks of serviceable equipment that are
(TMDE). not available in lower echelon maintenance
Maintenance Operations 1-5

activities. Depot maintenance includes the fifth Performing special inspection/modification

echelon of maintenance. that requires extensive disassembly or elab-
orate test equipment.
Note: Fifth echelon maintenance can be per- Manufacturing items not provided or avail-
formed at intermediate maintenance activities if able.
specifically authorized by the Commandant of the
Providing wholesale direct exchange sup-
Marine Corps. port.
Fifth echelon maintenance includes—
1004. Class VIII (Medical/Dental)
Overhauling or rebuilding end items or Maintenance
modular components.
Performing repairs that exceed the assigned Class VIII medical and dental equipment have
capability of lower echelons of maintenance specific maintenance requirements that differ from
(special environmental facilities or specific normal Marine Corps maintenance procedures for
tolerances are required). ground combat equipment. MCBul 4790, Mainte-
nance Management of Marine Corps Class VIII
Performing nondestructive testing.
Equipment, provides maintenance management
policies and procedures for Marine Corps medical
and dental equipment.

(reverse blank)
Chapter 2

Maintenance Management
“Equipment is manufactured at great expense. It is shipped 5000 miles by train, ship, and truck. It
is issued to the troops and eventually, with great labor, carried to the top of a mountain in Korea.
How many times, at the last point, has the whole enormous effort been thrown away, as carelessly
as a burnt match, by the happy-to-lucky negligence of the very people whose lives depend on
keeping the stuff in shape?”1—FMFRP 12-14

Maintenance management is the systematic ap- commodity area have maintenance management
proach to the maintenance of organizational officers. If a maintenance management officer is
equipment. There are four principal concerns in not identified in organizational structure, com-
maintenance management: command, resources, manders should assign, in writing, maintenance
production, and information. The ability to plan, management officer responsibilities as an addi-
organize, staff, direct, and control a command’s tional duty. The maintenance management officer
ground equipment maintenance program is the coordinates and integrates command efforts in the
foundation for sustainment in combat. maintenance management functional areas listed
in figure 2-1.

2001. Command c. Policies

Commanders at major subordinate commands are
Among the four principal concerns of mainte-
required to publish maintenance management
nance management, command is the most signifi-
standing operating procedures (SOP). The SOP
cant. Command contains four key elements that
will not contain all subordinate unit functions.
commanders use to focus and fulfill their respon-
However, it should be applicable at the unit level
sibilities. These elements are interest, organiza-
and adequately detailed to ensure that each subor-
tion, policies, and procedures.
dinate unit can perform its maintenance mis- sion.
a. Interest
Command interest must reflect the responsibility
inherent in command for equipment readiness. Maintenance Administration
Commanders are not expected to possess a tech- Personnel and Training
nician’s or a mechanic’s expertise, but they are Records and Reports
expected to demonstrate sincere interest in their Publications Control
unit’s maintenance program. Their interest is es- Equipment Availability
sential to a successful ground maintenance pro-
Preventive Maintenance Checks and
gram. Commanders’ interests motivate personnel Services and Corrective Maintenance
to maintain a high level of excellence.
Supply Support
Maintenance-Related Programs
b. Organization
Typically, commands authorized second echelon
Figure 2-1. Functional Areas of
or higher maintenance for more than one
Maintenance Management.
2-2 MCWP 4-24

Commanders at subordinate command levels (in- command’s authorized level of maintenance

cluding detached or separate commands) author- resources: tables of equipment (T/E), tables of
ized to perform second echelon maintenance or organization (T/O), and tables of authorized ma-
higher for more than one commodity area must teriel (TAM).
publish a maintenance management SOP. If main-
tenance procedures are adequately covered in the A table of equipment lists the equipment that
major subordinate command’s maintenance man- commands are authorized to possess for mission
agement SOP, then subordinate commanders are accomplishment.
not required to publish one for the unit.
The table of organization indicates the mainten-
Commanders at subordinate command levels (in- ance authority of each unit based on its capabil-
cluding detached or separate commands) author- ities, personnel, equipment, and wartime mission.
ized to perform only first echelon maintenance for The T/O logistic capability statement determines
organic equipment must publish, as a minimum, a personnel skills and equipment requirements. Its
unit logistic SOP or a maintenance policy letter. organization paragraph identifies the unit’s subor-
The SOP or policy letter addresses maintenance dinate elements, source of internal maintenance
management procedures not covered by the major
support, and unit maintenance requirements. The
subordinate command’s maintenance management
table of organization also contains the unit’s con-
cept of employment, which is vital to the com-
mander and staff in determining the type of
d. Procedures support required and how to obtain the required
The frequent change of personnel within a unit support.
can result in a lack of expertise and continuity
within day-to-day operations. To reduce these The table of authorized materiels is a listing of in-
effects and increase overall unit efficiency, com- formation used for logistic planning with respect
manders emphasize the use of desktop proce- to selected materiel authorized for use by the Ma-
dures and turnover folders. Desktop procedures rine Corps (both regular and reserve). Materiel is
are not intended to be inclusive or formalized, listed by subsistence; petroleum, oil, and lubricant
they are a simple listing of significant items perti- items; and type:
nent to everyday operations within a particular
billet. Turnover folders focus on policy informa-
Type I. Required Items.
tion, status of pending projects, references, man-
agement controls, functioning of the section, Type II. Local Allowances.
techniques used to accomplish routine and infre- Type III. Environmental Items.
quent tasks, and personnel information. Desktop
procedures and turnover folders do not apply to
all billets and should be applied in accordance a. Time
with MCO P4790.2. Time must be viewed from two aspects: the
equipment and the mechanic.

2002. Resources (1) Equipment. The maintenance management

officer maximizes equipment availability by estab-
Maintenance resources consist of time, personnel, lishing an effective preventive maintenance pro-
repair parts, tools and support equipment, facili- gram and by eliminating shortages of maintenance
ties, publications, and funds. Commands must resources that reduce maintenance production.
have authorization to possess these resources. Shortages can include a lack of tools, publica-
There are three principal documents that list a tions, space, parts, skills, supervision, and funds.
Maintenance Operations 2-3

When these items are not available at the work specialty training as well as operator and
site, time is wasted. supervisor training.

(2) Mechanic. Optimally, mechanics should Personnel safety is also a constant concern. Con-
spend their time maintaining and repairing equip- tinuous vigilance by all maintenance personnel is
ment to a combat-ready status. Realistically, me- required to ensure that operating procedures and
chanics could spend a majority of their time on work methods do not expose personnel to injury
maintenance training, administrative duties, and or equipment to damage or loss.
other miscellaneous requirements. Therefore, ef-
fective time management demands that these non- c. Repair Parts
maintenance requirements be consolidated into In this publication, repair parts refer to consum-
blocks and coordinated with the appropriate cog- able repair parts and secondary reparables. Com-
nizant staff officers, subordinate commanders, and manders must ensure that repair parts and
noncommissioned officers in charge in order to maintenance-related supplies are requisitioned
reduce the impact of these nonmaintenance, yet when required, properly accounted for, and safe-
related, activities to a mechanic’s primary duty. guarded.
Only after a mechanic’s productivity has been
maximized can the command determine if ade- (1) Requisitioning. Repair parts must be placed
quate time has been allocated for equipment main- on requisition as soon as possible after a require-
tenance and repair. ment is identified. The need must be consistent
with the urgency and submission standards stated
Note: If mechanics are still unable to perform in MCO 4400.16, Uniform Material Movement
repair/maintenance activities within the alloca- and Issue Priority System. Units use the equip-
ted time, then either the available maintenance ment repair order shopping/transaction list
time must be increased, the workload reduced, or (EROSL) to requisition all repair parts and
a degraded level of readiness accepted. Some maintenance-related supplies for units supported
techniques for making these tradeoffs include ad- by the Field Maintenance Subsystem (FMSS). Use
ministrative storage, split shifts, and reduced op- of the EROSL or DD Form 1348 is optional for
erations. non-FMSS supported units. Reconciliation of
supply requisitions between the maintenance sec-
b. Personnel tion and its supply source must occur at least
The success of a unit’s maintenance effort is heav- every 2 weeks to review the status of repair part
ily influenced by its quantity and quality of per- requisitioning.
sonnel. The maintenance management officer
coordinates an annual review of the table of or- (2) Accounting. Repair parts are accounted for
ganization by the equipment commodity section by an equipment repair order (ERO) parts bin,
and recommends changes to the commanding offi- sometimes referred to as a layette. A copy of the
cer and G-1/S-1. Additionally, the table of organi- EROSL must be maintained in the layette. Parts
zation should be reviewed whenever the logistic for a pending job are placed in an ERO bin that is
capabilities statement, concepts of employment, designated for that specific job until all parts are
or capability statements change. received and maintenance personnel are available
to effect repairs. All parts for the same equipment
The maintenance management officer also ensures repair order are kept together in the same bin and
that maintenance and maintenance management the location is normally indicated by ERO num-
training requirements are included in the unit’s an- bers. Large parts may not fit into a bin and must
nual training plan. The annual training plan must be kept in another area; these parts are stored to-
address both mission and military occupational gether and must be marked with the applicable
2-4 MCWP 4-24

ERO number. The EROSL must indicate the al- Staff functioning affects site selection, shop lay-
ternate storage location. out, and shop organization. See chapter 6 and ap-
pendix A for more information.
Materiel stored in ERO bins must be inventoried
and validated at least every 2 weeks. EROSLs are f. Publications
annotated to indicate all repair parts, receipts
Publications control system operations are nor-
from supply sources, removal from the bin, trans-
mally managed by the S-1/adjutant, supply officer,
fers, and application to the equipment.
and maintenance management officer. Publica-
tions control is divided into four functional areas:
Another method of accounting and stocking re- automatic distribution control, internal distribu-
pair parts is a pre-expended bin. Pre-expended tion control, inventory control, and order control.
bins ensure adequate stockage of fast-moving
items resulting in an across the counter issue (1) Automatic Distribution Control. The auto-
rather than a back order. Pre-expended bins can matic distribution control system is managed via
save commanders time and money, and they can the publications listing. The publications listing
maintain readiness. MCO P4400.150, Consumer identifies all publications automatically distributed
Level Supply Policy Manual, gives specific guid- to an activity from the publications stock control
ance on establishing and maintaining pre- point at Marine Corps Logistics Base, Albany,
expended bins. Georgia. The activity’s S-1/adjutant, with the ad-
vice and assistance of the maintenance manage-
d. Tools and Support Equipment ment officer, maintains and reviews the
Tools and support equipment refer to tool sets, publications listing and ensures that all necessary
kits, chests, hoists, jacks, and stands. Loss of publications are listed. An outdated publications
tools slows maintenance and increases costs. listing can cause the activity to go without essen-
Therefore, proper inventory procedures and effec- tial information and/or receive publications that
tive control measures must be employed to reduce are no longer required. MCO P5600.31, Marine
loss of tools. Defective tools and equipment are Corps Publications and Printing Regulations,
also a safety hazard, and they are detrimental to contains procedures concerning the publications
the unit’s equipment readiness. Tools and support listing. The UM-MCPDS, Marine Corps Publica-
equipment are often classified and referred to as tions Distribution System (MCPDS) Users Man-
support equipment and test, measurement, and di- ual, provides detailed guidance on the automated
agnostic equipment. Marine Corps Publications Distribution System.

(2) Internal Distribution Control. The publica-

The unit maintenance management officer estab-
tions internal distribution control system ensures
lishes tool control and calibration control pro-
that publications received on automatic distribu-
grams for the unit. These programs ensure
tion are properly routed to those who need them.
accountability and serviceability. They must also
The internal distribution control system is man-
balance the need for access to tools to increase
aged by the S-1/adjutant with the advice and
productivity and the need to reduce tool and
assistance of the maintenance management offi-
equipment loss. Specific tool inventory require-
cer. To be effective, a publication’s location and
ments are found in MCO P4400.150.
quantity must be annotated on either a local distri-
bution control form or in an automated control
e. Facilities system. MCO P5600.31 provides detailed guid-
The maintenance management officer has prime ance for the establishment of an internal distribu-
staff responsibility for the allocation and use of tion control system and the preparation of an
maintenance facilities between commodity areas. internal distribution control form. Commodity
Maintenance Operations 2-5

managers must understand the internal distribu- If a maintenance section is adequately funded, it
tion control system in order to properly manage has the necessary repair parts, tools, and other
publications and recommend timely changes to the maintenance-related supplies available. Funds
internal distribution control form and the publica- (dollars, budgets, or operating targets) are not di-
tions listing. rectly seen by the maintenance management offi-
cer or maintenance sections. Even though the
(3) Inventory Control. The inventory control impact of funding is indirect, the role of the main-
system manages publications libraries. An effec- tenance management officer is vital. The mainte-
tive inventory control system must ensure the nance management officer’s main funding
adequacy of two elements: publications conditions responsibility is to establish a budget and control
and on-hand quantities. Publications conditions fund outflow.
relate to the status of directives and publications
on the library shelf. Publications must be up-to- (1) Budgeting. The maintenance management
date with all changes properly entered. On-hand officer’s first task in the budgeting process is to
quantities must match the total quantities shown collect and evaluate previous expenditure infor-
in the “location of copy” column on the internal rmation. The maintenance management officer
distribution control form. The UM-PLMS, Ma- uses automated information systems to obtain ex-
rine Corps Publications Library Management penditure information. A review of the historical
System (PLMS) Users Manual, provides guidance expenditure information must include a check for
regarding the Marine Corps Publications Library correctness and consider expenses that are not
Management System (PLMS). covered on automated information system re-
ports. Past expenditures will not indicate future
There are two types of inventory methods used: needs unless the past expenditure is compared to
wall-to-wall and update inventories. Wall-to-wall future operations, logistic commitments, and new
inventories are conducted when libraries are in ex- equipment receipts. Once all information is gath-
treme disrepair. Update inventories are conducted ered, the maintenance management officer can as-
when either an updated NAVMC 2761, Catalog sist commodity and maintenance sections in
of Publications, SL-1-2 that contains an index of forecasting funding requirements.
authorized publications for equipment support, or
SL-1-3 that contains an index of publications (2) Control. Funds must be controlled once they
authorized and stocked by the Marine Corps is are allocated. The maintenance management offi-
received. cer provides staff advice on internal allo- cation of
money. The maintenance management officer en-
(4) Order Control. The order control system is sures that funds obligated for maintenance re-
an outgrowth of the inventory control system. sources are applied in the best manner and that
When publications become worn out or on-hand periodic fiscal reviews are conducted. The mainte-
quantities do not match total quantities, units nance management officer provides control by co-
must replace damaged or missing publications. ordinating with supply and fiscal officers and
Units order publications through the Marine presenting the commander with the information
Corps Publications Distribution System. An effec- needed to determine reallocation of funds, to can-
tive requisition control system depends on the cel requisitions, or to request additional funds. To
regular reconciliation of individual libraries with facilitate the control of funds, the maintenance
the unit publication control point. management officer, in conjunction with the unit’s
supply and fiscal officer and in coordination with
g. Funds the command’s comptroller, develops a unit’s job
2-6 MCWP 4-24

order number structure. This structure allows eas- required maintenance service (e.g., operator main-
ier information collection and sound decisionmak- tenance was performed and equipment was
ing because expenditures are listed by cleaned). Equipment that is incomplete (missing
maintenance commodity area (e.g., motor trans- equipment parts or records) or not properly pre-
port, engineer). pared by the unit or activity requesting mainte-
nance should not be accepted into the
maintenance cycle until discrepancies are cor-
2003. Production rected.

Production is the physical performance of various Once equipment is accepted it is given a work pri-
maintenance functions. These functions include ority based on the ERO priority, operational re-
preventive maintenance checks and services quirements, and available maintenance resources.
(PMCS), corrective maintenance, modification, Based on the assigned priority, the equipment is
calibration, conversion, modernization, overhaul, then scheduled to arrive at the maintenance facil-
and rebuild. Some of the functions are generally ity at, or immediately before, the time mainte-
performed only by depots, while others are per- nance resources are available. The equipment is
formed by field units (see table 2-1). Actions re- held by the owning unit in a unit recall status until
lated to maintenance production (recovery, facilities/personnel are available to conduct main-
quality control, and equipment inspection) are tenance actions and the unit is contacted. Until
also discussed in the following subparagraphs. that time, operationally safe equipment is returned
These functions are embedded within the four to the using unit, which gives the owner maximum
phases of the maintenance process. use and avoids congestion at maintenance sites.
The assignment of equipment to a specific mainte-
a. Maintenance Phases nance shop within the maintenance section occurs
upon completion of the acceptance inspection and
The maintenance process consists of four mainte-
nance phases. These phases include the accep-
tance of equipment, equipment induction, active
(2) Equipment Induction Phase. Induction is
maintenance, and maintenance closeout.
the physical commitment of an ERO and its asso-
ciated equipment to a specific shop. Delivery of
(1) Acceptance of Equipment Phase. The ac-
the equipment from the owning unit is requested
ceptance of equipment phase is the initial step of
once the maintenance shop is capable and ready to
the maintenance process. It consists of an accep- perform maintenance actions. This request should
tance inspection, scheduling, and assignment. The be given to the using unit or appropriate coordi-
purpose of the acceptance inspection is to verify nator as soon as possible. Induction of equipment
that equipment is complete and prepared for the into a specific shop is determined by the priority

Table 2-1. Maintenance Production Functions.

Preventive Maintenance
Checks and Services Corrective Overhaul Rebuild
Calibration Modification Conversion Modernization
Field Functions Depot Functions
1. Preventive maintenance checks and services. 1. All field functions.
2. Corrective maintenance. 2. Overhaul.
3. Calibration. 3. Conversion.
4. Modification. 4. Rebuild.
5. Fabrication. 5. Modernization.
Maintenance Operations 2-7

assigned during the equipment acceptance phase positive indication that the action has been
in accordance with the priority requested by the successfully completed.
owning unit.
(d) Quality Control. Quality control requires a
(3) Active Maintenance Phase. Production ac- complete equipment check to determine proper
tions performed following induction of the ERO completion of maintenance actions and that equip-
and its associated equipment into a maintenance ment records are completed per TM 4700-15/1,
shop constitute the active maintenance phase and Ground Equipment Record Procedures. Equip-
the beginning of the repair process. This phase is ment not performing satisfactorily is rejected and
performed in a sequence of logical steps designed recommendations are made for further mainte-
to ensure that the required services are conducted nance actions. Acceptable performance results in
in an efficient and effective manner. Continual the completion of the active maintenance phase
emphasis is placed on the quality control of the and the movement of the equipment to the
actions and tasks performed. The frequency of closeout phase. Quality control should be per-
quality control inspections depends on the skill formed by experienced maintenance personnel
and experience of the individual technicians or since this is the last opportunity to catch any defi-
mechanics and the overall complexity of the ac- ciencies before equipment is returned to
tions. The following steps are conducted during operation.
active maintenance.
(e) Cleanup of Maintenance Area. Time and re-
(a) Inspection of Equipment. The initial step in- sources must be allocated to cleanup the mainte-
volves a detailed inspection of equipment by nance area. Support, test, measurement, and
maintenance personnel. This inspection is the diagnostic equipment, (including tools) must be
foundation of the maintenance process and in- cleaned, serviced, and inventoried to facilitate fu-
cludes locating and identifying equipment mal- ture maintenance actions. Technical publications
functions, inventorying the equipment and its must be returned to their proper locations. Defec-
contents, and verifying that all equipment records tive parts and other residue must be removed
associated with the required service are prepared from the maintenance area using proper disposal
in accordance with current publications. procedures.

(b) Preparation for Maintenance Actions. Prepa- (4) Maintenance Closeout Phase. The close-
ration for maintenance actions includes the assem- out phase of the maintenance process commences
bly of the appropriate technical publications and when equipment has been repaired and the serv-
other technical information; support equipment; iceable item is returned to the owner or when a
and test, measurement, and diagnostic equipment decision has been made to evacuate or dispose of
to perform the required services. Adequate prepa- the equipment. Maintenance personnel must en-
ration reduces the actual time required to perform sure that the closeout process is accurate, com-
the maintenance and avoids initiating maintenance plete, and coordinated. This includes ensuring that
actions if resources are not available. the ERO and equipment records are correctly
completed. The closeout phase requires close co-
(c) Performance of Maintenance. Performance ordination with owning unit personnel to ensure
of all maintenance actions is per the appropriate that they are notified as soon as the equipment is
technical publication. Maintenance actions in- ready for pickup. This reduces vehicle congestion
clude performance of preventive maintenance at the maintenance facility and allows the using
checks and services, corrective maintenance, ap- unit to employ all of its assets. The using unit
plication of modifications, and calibration. Once must make every effort to pick up their repaired
maintenance actions are completed, the equipment equipment promptly. Any special packaging, pres-
is given final adjustments. Bringing the equipment ervation, transportation, and shipping require-
performance to within specified tolerances is a ments are addressed during this phase.
2-8 MCWP 4-24

b. Preventive Maintenance Checks During operation, the operator or crew must be

and Services alert to any unusual noises, odors, abnormal in-
Preventive maintenance checks and services is a strument readings, or any other irregularities that
systematic program consisting of inspecting, might indicate equipment malfunction. Every op-
cleaning, servicing, lubricating, and adjusting. eration must be considered a test, and all unusual
This program is the key to maintaining equip- or unsatisfactory performance must be noted.
ment readiness because it helps prevent early When equipment is not operating, all deficiencies
breakdown or failure of equipment. An effective noted during operation must be investigated and
PMCS program also reduces the number of corrected or reported.
costly, complex, and time-consuming repairs and
allows the optimum use of maintenance resources After operation, preventive maintenance checks
through early detection of defects. The unit own- and services are performed to ensure equipment is
ing or using the equipment is responsible for ready to operate for the next mission. The opera-
scheduling and ensuring the completion of equip- tor or crew inspects the equipment thoroughly to
ment PMCS. Preventive maintenance checks and detect any deficiencies that may have developed
services are normally a function of first and sec- during operation. Assemblies requiring inspection
ond echelon organizational maintenance. or service while still at operating temperature
must be inspected as soon as possible after equip-
(1) First Echelon PMCS. The operator or crew ment operation has ceased. All defects and irregu-
will perform a scheduled PMCS when it is within larities that occur during operation must be
their authorized echelon of maintenance. There corrected or reported to the echelon that can take
are certain items that, due to technological ad- corrective action.
vances, use different criteria for scheduling pre-
ventive maintenance checks and services. An (b) Monthly PMCS. Monthly PMCS reinforces
equipment’s technical publication is the basic daily preventive maintenance checks and services.
guide for performing preventive maintenance Generally, it consists of the same checks per-
checks and services. Operators are primarily re- formed during the daily PMCS, but in greater
sponsible for daily and monthly preventive main- depth. For example, daily PMCS may require the
tenance checks and services. operator to simply check the emergency brake for
operation, but monthly PMCS may require clean-
(a) Daily PMCS. Operators or the crew perform ing and lubrication of the brake’s moving parts.
daily PMCS every day that the equipment is oper- Management can also use monthly PMCS to
ated. Equipment operated infrequently or inter- evaluate a operator’s daily PMCS performance.
mittently normally does not require daily PMCS. As with all preventive maintenance checks and
Daily preventive maintenance checks and ser- services, supervision and inspection by qualified
vices are divided into before, during, and after op- supervisory personnel should be stressed.
eration services.
(2) Second Echelon PMCS. The owning or us-
Before operation, preventive maintenance checks ing unit schedules second echelon PMCS. Organ-
and services are performed on equipment to de- izational maintenance mechanics are responsible
termine if the equipment is operational. A wide for the performance of second echelon PMCS.
range of events can occur between service checks; Therefore, there must be constant coordination
for example, physical damage from handling; cor-
between the maintenance facility and the owning
rosion of electrical connections; or leakage of lu-
or using unit for the performance of second eche-
bricants, coolants, operating fluids and gases. If
lon PMCS. If feasible, the operator or crew
equipment is found to be unserviceable or to re-
quire corrective maintenance, personnel must should assist mechanics with the performance of
promptly report the deficiency so that the appro- their equipment’s second echelon PMCS. This in-
priate maintenance action can be taken. volvement helps operators gain a better working
Maintenance Operations 2-9

knowledge of their equipment and increases main- safe, reliable service until the next scheduled pre-
tenance productivity. ventive maintenance checks and services. The op-
erator or crew of the equipment should provide
If a unit is operating under adverse climatic or ter- maintenance personnel with first- hand informa-
rain conditions, commanders are authorized to tion on irregularities or indications of equipment
conduct second echelon PMCS actions more fre- malfunction.
quently than scheduled. Preventive maintenance
checks and services may also be deferred or inter- (c) Annual PMCS. The normal interval for annual
vals extended if equipment is placed in an admin- PMCS is 12 months, but it may be advanced when
istrative storage program or equipment is placed the operating criteria specified in equipment tech-
on administrative deadline (see MCO P4790.2 for nical publications are achieved earlier. Equipment
specific criteria). There are certain items that, due technical publications provide the requirements
to technological advances, use different criteria for annual PMCS and other less frequent preven-
for scheduling second echelon PMCS (see the ap- tive maintenance checks and services. Annual
propriate technical publication for preventive PMCS is greater in scope than semiannual PMCS
maintenance checks and services requirements). and additional time is required to accomplish an-
The different classifications of second echelon nual PMCS requirements. The operator or crew
PMCS are discussed below. of the equipment should provide maintenance per-
sonnel with firsthand information on irregularities
(a) Quarterly PMCS. The normal interval be- or indications of equipment malfunction.
tween quarterly PMCS is 3 months. Economy of
operation demands that, within sound practices of (d) Biennial PMCS. The normal interval for bien-
safety and reliability, maximum useful life is ob- nial PMCS is 24 months, but it may be advanced
tained from materiel resources. Worn parts and when the operating criteria specified in the equip-
materials are replaced during preventive mainte- ment’s technical publications are achieved earlier.
nance checks and services. Equipment technical publications provide the re-
quirements for biennial PMCS and other less fre-
Note: The life expectancy of the part/material quent preventive maintenance checks and
and the nature of the anticipated operations must services. Biennial PMCS is greater in scope than
be taken into consideration. annual PMCS and additional time is required to
accomplish the maintenance requirements.
When possible, the operator or crew of the equip-
ment should be asked by maintenance personnel (e) Special PMCS. Special PMCS procedures are
to obtain first-hand information on irregularities necessary when equipment has been exposed to
or indications of equipment malfunctions. harsh environments (e.g., salt water, fresh water,
operations conducted in loose sand or mud).
(b) Semiannual PMCS. The normal interval for Equipment exposed to harsh conditions should be
semiannual PMCS is 6 months. Equipment techni- checked thoroughly for contamination, washed
cal publications provide the requirements for thoroughly with fresh water, and have appropriate
semiannual PMCS and other less frequent preven- services performed per the applicable technical
tive maintenance checks and services. Economy publication/instruction. In most instances, a spe-
of operation demands that, within sound practices cial PMCS will resemble a semiannual, annual, or
of safety and reliability, maintenance personnel biennial service. The commander may authorize
extract the maximum useful life from materiel re- the modification of the PMCS schedule to reflect
sources. Worn parts and materials are replaced the preventive maintenance checks and services
during preventive maintenance checks and serv- performed and reschedule existing preventive
ices only when it is determined, after considering maintenance checks and services.
life expectancy and the nature of anticipated op-
erations, that they cannot be expected to provide c. Corrective Maintenance
2-10 MCWP 4-24

Corrective maintenance actions are performed to used, should be maintained within each shop to
restore a defective item to a specified condition. ensure that selected items are readily available.
The detection of defective equipment may occur
during routine preventive maintenance checks and (3) Correcting Equipment Faults. Fault cor-
services or through operational failure of the rection is the goal of all corrective maintenance
equipment. Corrective maintenance is a very time- actions. Proper maintenance techniques are em-
consuming process and therefore requires close ployed to ensure that repair parts are installed
coordination of the maintenance workload and correctly. Reassembly is accomplished in se-
available resources. quence, including the proper servicing and the use
of test and measurement devices at the appropri-
If a required piece of equipment is unusable due ate stages of equipment reassembly. Major com-
to a failed part, then the equipment must be re- pleted maintenance actions are recorded on the
paired. However, since corrective maintenance is ERO, this provides information for future man-
very time consuming, the urgency of repair is rela- agement decisions and appropriate entries on
tive to the unit’s mission. To repair equipment equipment records.
that requires an echelon of maintenance higher
than that authorized at the owning/using unit, it d. Modification
must be evacuated to the support activity author-
Equipment modifications are maintenance actions
ized to perform the maintenance. Excessive delays
performed to change the configuration of equip-
in evacuation postpone corrective action and
ment systems, end items, components, assemblies,
therefore must be avoided.
subassemblies, or parts to improve equipment
functioning, maintainability, reliability, and/or
There are three basic stages of corrective main-
safety characteristics. Primary sources of modifi-
cation requirements are manufacturer’s engineer-
ing change proposals and comments and
(1) Isolating Equipment Malfunctions. During
suggestions made by using units via the Product
this stage, maintenance personnel attempt to iso-
Quality Deficiency Report. Complaints regarding
late the equipment’s malfunction so that
equipment malfunction or poor design should be
corrective action can begin. Personnel use the
appropriate support equipment; test, measure- channeled to agencies responsible for procure-
ment, and diagnostic equipment; and the proper ment/development of Marine Corps equipment.
step-by-step procedures described in the applica-
(1) Modification Responsibility. It is the re-
ble technical publication to isolate the cause of
equipment malfunctions. Once the cause is iso- sponsibility of the using unit to determine which
lated and fault diagnosis confirmed, personnel modifications have been issued for their assigned
estimate the cost of the required maintenance and equipment and to take the necessary action for
determine if the equipment is economically repair- compliance. The modification instruction identi-
able. If the equipment is determined not to be fies the resources, skills (to include echelon of
economically reparable, personnel stop active maintenance), and time necessary to perform the
maintenance, and request disposition instructions. modification. If the application is to be applied by
the unit, it is scheduled and performed at that
(2) Obtaining Required Repair Parts. The level. For higher echelon modifications, the using
requisition of repair parts must be accurate to en- unit must arrange to evacuate the equipment to
sure the receipt of intended items in a timely man- the appropriate echelon of maintenance.
ner. Inaccurate requisition procedures (i.e., using
outdated publications and improperly completed (2) Modification Control. Equipment modifica-
forms) result in receipt of unneeded repair parts, tions must be controlled to ensure safe equipment
delays in maintenance production, and wasted operations. TM 4700-15/1 outlines unit responsi-
maintenance funds. Pre-expended bin levels, when bilities in establishing a modification control
Maintenance Operations 2-11

program. It also provides instructions for the ranges and functions tested and found within ap-
completion and disposition of the records main- plicable tolerances. The calibration label indicates
tained by the unit. The maintenance management the limitations (e.g., clockwise).
officer prepares periodic unit modification con-
trol program reports for the commander. There (3) Inactive. Inactive applies to instruments that
are two classifications of modifications: normal will not be used in the foreseeable future. Equip-
and urgent. ment is not allowed to be in an inactive status for
more than 3 years at a time. If equipment is inac-
Modifications classified as normal are usually tive for 3 years, the unit should re-evaluate the
completed during regular maintenance activities need for the equipment. If the equipment is still
such as preventive or corrective maintenance required, personnel request a new inactive label
services. Normal modifications comprise the ma- from the supporting calibration laboratory.
jority of modifications and generally do not re-
strict the operation of the equipment. Typically, (4) Calibration Not Required. Calibration not
the unit has 1 year from the date of the modifica- required applies to instruments that are used to
tion instruction to complete the actions required make measurements of a noncritical nature or for
by a normal modification. instructional purposes. However, some instruc-
tional equipment will require calibration or special
Modifications classified as urgent (printed at the calibration.
top of the modification instruction) are issued to
prevent serious injury to personnel and/or major f. Fabrication
equipment damage. Urgent modification instruc-
Fabrication is the process of constructing or
tions specify a date that the actions must be com- manufacturing parts or components that are not
pleted by and dictate any restrictive operating available through the normal supply system. It
conditions until the modification is completed. For should not be used to circumvent the normal sup-
example, an urgent modification instruction might ply system. Fabrication is primarily performed at
be issued to correct a faulty condition concerning the intermediate maintenance activity. However,
the 5-ton trucks’ fuel tanks. A leaking fuel tank units may find themselves in situations where it is
could result in serious injury to operators and necessary to perform fabrication. Fabrication is
transported troops/cargo. Based on this safety generally accepted when it is within the unit’s
hazard, the modification instruction would state authorized echelon of maintenance. Once a deci-
that the truck is not to be operated (deadlined) sion to fabricate an item is made, the unit must
until corrective actions are completed. consider safety and installation requirements. Per-
sonnel safety and damage to equipment must be
e. Calibration addressed. Fabricated items are intended to re-
Calibration is the process of adjusting items so place a like item, not create a new item. Fabri-
that they measure within a standard deviation. cated items that change the performance of
This applies to equipment submitted for repair; equipment or require changes in structure (e.g.,
maintenance tools and equipment; and test, meas- drilling additional holes) are not authorized.
urement, and diagnostic equipment. Test, meas-
urement, and diagnostic items are identified with
labels that classify their category of calibration. 2004. Information
There are four categories of calibration:
Maintenance information provides the basis for
(1) Calibrated. Calibrated applies to instruments
managing a unit’s equipment maintenance pro-
gram. Maintenance information is comprised of
with all ranges and functions tested and found
records, reports, and an automated information
within applicable tolerances.
system. Proper upkeep and use of maintenance in-
(2) Special Calibration. Special calibration ap-
formation are invaluable tools for analyzing and
plies to instruments with only a portion of the
evaluating maintenance performance. The
2-12 MCWP 4-24

maintenance performance analysis and evaluation Maintenance reports contain information that
are generally expressed in the form of equipment commanders use to determine policy, to plan, to
readiness. establish controls, to evaluate operations and per-
formances, and to prepare other reports. They are
a. Records generally summarized and may be transmitted on
a recurring, one time, or occasional basis. Mainte-
Preparing and maintaining records consumes both nance reports fall into one of the following classi-
personnel and materiel resources. Therefore, re- fications that reflect who generated the request.
cords must be kept to the minimum consistent
with required Marine Corps directives and publi- (1) Headquarters, Marine Corps Reports. Re-
cations. Commanders should ensure that records ports submitted to Headquarters, Marine Corps
originating within the unit are not prepared and include maintenance reports required by both Ma-
used in lieu of or in addition to those required by rine Corps directives and other forms of commu-
Marine Corps directives and publications. Mainte- nication. They may be produced by either manual
nance records are classified as equipment, re- or automated means and normally contain a report
source, and local records. TM 4700-15/1 contains control symbol. Reports currently required on a
instructions for the preparation, use, and disposi- recurring basis are listed in the MCBul 5214 se-
tion of the required forms and records for the op- ries, Information on Requirements Management
eration and maintenance of Marine Corps ground
in the Marine Corps. MIMMS is the primary
source for maintenance reports required by Head-
quarters, Marine Corps.
(1) Equipment Records. Equipment records
are maintained for a specific item of equipment.
(2) Field Reports. Field reports list a unit’s spe-
Equipment records are an integral part of the
cial field requirements that Headquarters, Marine
equipment because they contain historical data
Corps reports do not address. Using these reports
concerning repairs performed, maintenance sched-
should be kept to a minimum so that units are not
ules (i.e., PMCS schedule), and modifications. To
overburdened with administrative work. When-
ensure this information is available to maintenance
ever a requirement for a field-originated report is
personnel, equipment records must accompany
established on a recurring basis, it must be for-
equipment when it is evacuated for maintenance,
warded to the Commandant of the Marine Corps
transferred, or temporarily loaned to another unit.
for nomination as a standard report.
(2) Resource Records. Resource records doc-
(3) External Agency Reports. At times, a unit
ument the unit’s maintenance efforts (e.g., modifi-
may be required to submit reports to an activity
cations, preventive maintenance checks and serv-
outside of the Marine Corps. Requests for reports
ices, calibration). These records contain historical considered invalid should be referred to the next
information and provide the basis for evaluation senior unit in the administrative chain of com-
of past performance and planning for future mand.

(3) Local Records. Local records are discour- c. Automated Information Systems
aged. Local records should not be initiated unless Automated information systems were developed
a definite requirement has been established and it to assist the field user by automating manual ad-
has been determined that records required by ministrative work. These systems provide com-
higher headquarters will not satisfy the require- manders at all levels with excellent, up-to-date
ment. information and management tools. MIMMS is
the current automated system for the maintenance
b. Reports
field and is discussed in appendix B.
Maintenance Operations 2-13

Headquarters, Marine Corps (HQMC code LP) ment normally considered mission-essential at the
encourages the use of automated systems to cap- battalion level; for example, M16A2 rifles are not
ture, track, and schedule maintenance actions/in- included due to their high density. However, the
formation. As the system sponsor for all Class I list is sufficiently representative to provide an ade-
supply and maintenance systems, Headquarters, quate measure of the equipment readiness of the
Marine Corps (HQMC code LP) intends to inte- operating forces.
grate both maintenance and supply under a single
system with the fielding of Asset Tracking Logis- (2) Table of Equipment Deficiencies. Table of
tics and Supply System Phase II+. equipment deficiencies are items that are author-
ized but not on-hand. To remain a force in readi-
ness, the Marine Corps plans, programs, and
d. Readiness Reporting budgets annually for the modernization of its
As prescribed in MCO 3000.11, Marine Corps equipment and capabilities. The modernization of
Ground Equipment Resource Reporting mission-essential equipment could have a substan-
(MCGERR), commanders are required to report tial effect on MCGERR reporting. Accordingly, a
the level and condition of MCGERR-reportable replacement item and the item it is replacing may
equipment. Table 2-2 identifies categories of be excluded from MCGERR reporting during the
ground equipment readiness. MCGERR- modernization (phase in/phase out) of equipment.
reportable equipment is identified in MCBul 3000,
Table of Marine Corps Ground Equipment Re- (3) Equipment Deadlines. Equipment dead-
source Reporting (MCGERR) Equipment. Equip- lines are items that are not capable of performing
ment included in this bulletin must be a principal their designed combat missions due to their need
end item that is 85-percent fielded Marine Corps- for critical repairs. Ground equipment readiness
wide (including the Reserves), nominated by ei- reporting begins at maintenance shops with the
ther the field commands or Headquarters, Marine
Corps, and accepted for inclusion (or deletion) by
the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Logistics). Table 2-2. Categories of Ground
Equipment Readiness.
Note: The term “fielded Marine Corps-wide”
Percentage of
means that the system’s manager, in coordination Mission-Essential Equipment
with the project manager for the principal end Category That Is Operationally Ready
items, has verified to the Commandant of the
Marine Corps that sufficient quantities are dis- C-1 90-100
tributed throughout the Fleet Marine Force and C-2 70-89
Reserves to meet the 85-percent criteria. C-3 60-69
C-4 0-59
Readiness reporting for Marine Corps supplies
and equipment has three components: mission- Notes:
1. MCBul 3000 lists mission-essential equipment
essential equipment, table of equipment deficien- and provides an adequate measure of the
cies, and equipment deadlines. equipment readiness of the operating forces.
2. Per Joint Pub 1-02, operationally-ready equip-
(1) Mission-Essential Equipment. Mission- ment is “the status of an item of equipment in
essential equipment is governed by MCBul 3000. the possession of an operating unit that indi-
cates it is capable of fulfilling its intended mis-
This bulletin lists selected items of mission- sion and in a system configuration that offers a
essential equipment required to be reported to high assurance of an effective, reliable, and
higher headquarters. The items that appear in this safe performance.”
bulletin do not represent a complete list of equip-
2-14 MCWP 4-24

determination of deadline status. Table 2-2 identi- mission rests with the commander. Excessive de-
fies categories of ground equipment readiness. lays in evacuation postpone corrective action and
Deadline status is entered into MIMMS at the therefore must be avoided.
maintenance shop level via the ERO input. Dead-
line status is normally determined by commodity
managers/shop officers. However, final authority
for determining whether or not a piece of equip-
ment is capable of performing its assigned combat
Chapter 3

Maintenance-Related Programs
“If field operations continue for a considerable length of time, it may be necessary to reinforce the
cartridge belts, magazine carriers, and other web equipment with leather. This has been done in
the past by local artisans in the theater of operations.”1—FMFRP 12-15

The Marine Corps has implemented several a. Removal

maintenance-related logistic programs to assist The defective item is removed from the end item
commands with the management of their equip- and taken to the supporting float by the owning or
ment maintenance. This chapter discusses some of intermediate maintenance unit. Removal of any
the more important maintenance-related programs item is accompanied by turn-in documentation re-
that commanders should be familiar with. quired by the float holder.

3001. Secondary Reparable b. Turn-In

Program The defective item is checked for completeness
and is exchanged for an on-hand, serviceable item.
If an exchange item is not on-hand, the float
The Secondary Reparable Program is an effective holder accepts the defective item and provides the
means of maintaining a high state of equipment customer with a backorder receipt. Once the float
readiness. It provides a pool of serviceable assem- holder receives the required item from its source,
blies, subassemblies, and component parts for the item is issued to the customer. If several units
rapid exchange of unserviceable like items (e.g., have placed demands on the float holder for like
carburetors, starters, generators, radiators). These items, the float holder issues the requested item
are also referred to as line replaceable units. Sec- based on the established priority of need. Priori-
ondary Reparable Program item candidates are ties are assigned to all supply transactions in ac-
identified by the source, maintenance, and recov- cordance with the guidelines contained in MCO
erability (SMR) codes in the SL-4, technical 4400.16.
manuals, and parts manuals (see app. C).

Secondary Reparable Program items are posi- c. Repair

tioned in floats maintained by the Supported Defective items turned in to the float holder are
Activities Supply System (SASSY) manage- ment sent to the maintenance battalion for repair and
unit, supply battalion, FSSG. Critical low density subsequent return to the float holder’s stock.
items are normally held by the owning unit. The
SASSY management unit may also operate sev-
eral subfloats and position them where they can 3002. Replacement and
provide immediate service to customers. The float Evacuation Program
holder issues a catalog that identifies the floats it
manages. These floats allow units to minimize The Replacement and Evacuation Program is an-
equipment down time by providing a one-for-one other type of float maintained at the depot mainte-
component exchange and eliminating the need for nance level to replace and repair worn out,
time-consuming supply requisi- tions. General selected major end items on a scheduled basis.
steps included in the Secondary Reparable Pro- The Replacement and Evacuation Program as-
gram process are as follows. sures a requisite readiness level throughout the
3-2 MCWP 4-24

Marine Corps by cyclically rebuilding items before 3003. Recoverable Item Program
they become unreparable. TI-4710-14/1, Replace-
ment and Evacuation Criteria, USMC Equip- Equipment not included in the Replacement and
ment, lists the equipment administered by this
Evacuation Program is disposed through the Re-
program. It also contains specific criteria for
selecting/nominating equipment for rebuilding. coverable Item Program, also known as the WIR
Program. This program is outlined in MCO
P4400.82, Marine Corps Unified Materiel Man-
a. Equipment Nomination agement System (MUMMS) Control Item Man-
Organizations nominate equipment for rebuilding agement Manual. The WIR Program provides for
and replacing to the Commandant of the Marine the recovering, reporting, and managing of equip-
Corps through the chain of command and the lo- ment that cannot be repaired within the resources
cal Replacement and Evacuation Program coordi- of the field commander and for the disposal of
nator, in the supporting FSSG. Nominations are
items that are beyond economical repair. Com-
made each year for the next 3 years. The Com-
mandant then uses unit nominations and the manders replace unserviceable items through the
workload of the depot maintenance activities to supply system.
establish yearly allowances for Marine Forces.
Marine Forces then allocate allowances to their
major subordinate commands. Once allocations 3004. Corrosion Prevention and
are physically made available, nominating units Control Program
are authorized to turn in items to the force service
support group and receive replacements. Marine Corps tactical ground and ground support
equipment are particularly susceptible to corro-
b. Selection sion and other types of moisture damage due to
When a unit is directed to turn in equipment for their material composition and assigned missions
replacement and evacuation they must select the in moisture-laden environments. Compounding
items that are in the worst condition, yet still re- the problem is the fact that a significant portion of
pairable. Equipment that is not repairable does not Marine Corps ground equipment is stored out-
qualify for the Replacement and Evacuation doors without shelter and subject to the direct,
Program. corrosive effects of the environment. The Corro-
sion Prevention and Control Program was estab-
c. Equipment Exchange lished to extend the useful life of Marine Corps
tactical ground and ground support equipment. Its
When units turn in equipment they should ensure intent is to reduce maintenance requirements and
that all collateral (e.g., SL-3 gear) equipment re-
associated costs through the identification, imple-
quired by higher headquarters accompanies the
turn-in. Generally, a requirement exists for miss- mentation, and development of corrosion preven-
ing collateral equipment to be noted on the limited tion procedures and corrective corrosion control.
technical inspection of an item. The unit should The Corrosion Prevention and Control Program
indicate if responsibility for the loss is known or seeks ways to use technologies and processes that
what action is ongoing to determine responsibil- will repair existing corrosion damage and prevent,
ity. Before accepting a replacement item, the unit or retard, future corrosion damage to Marine
should inspect and ensure that the item is in con- Corps ground and ground support equipment.
dition code A as defined in the applicable supply MCO 4790.18, Corrosion Prevention and Con-
directives. If not, the unit should either refuse the trol Program, and TM-3080.12, Corrosion Con-
item or note the deficiencies on the acceptance in- trol G/Equipment, address the Corrosion
spection sheet. Prevention and Control Program in detail.
Maintenance Operations 3-3

a. Preventive Corrosion Control analysis program. Their analysis determines

The Marine Corps corrosion prevention program whether oil may be retained or must be changed,
starts at acquisition. Corrosion prevention focuses and it also provides information on the internal
on identifying, developing, and implementing condition of engines, transmissions, and other oil-
state-of-the-art technologies and processes that wetted components. The Joint Oil Analysis Pro-
directly prevent the corrosion, not just its symp- gram has two components: spectrometric analysis
toms. If preventive corrosion measures are suc- and physical property analysis.
cessful, then corrective maintenance resources are
conserved and equipment service life is signifi- a. Spectrometric Analysis
cantly extended. Spectrometric analysis is used to determine the
concentrations of various wear metals in oil sam-
b. Corrective Corrosion Control ples. Wear metals are metal particles of micro-
Corrective corrosion control identifies, develops, scopic size that enter the oil stream and are
and implements technologies and processes that dispersed and suspended throughout the lubricat-
correct current equipment deficiencies resulting ing system. These particles are produced by the
from corrosion and moisture damage. The Marine friction of moving parts within a mechanical sys-
Corps is currently experiencing severe corrosion tem. Analysis of the oil for the wear metal type
problems resulting from the seaborn transit and and amount determines which component parts
saltwater immersion of equipment during amphi- may have generated the particles. Periodic sam-
bious exercises/operations and the indoor/outdoor pling and testing of oil from a mechanical system
storage of equipment in moisture-laden environ- helps to detect abnormal component wear and as-
ments. Some of these corrosion problems are also sist in the maintenance effort.
the result of equipment design and manufacturing
deficiencies that need to be identified and ad- b. Physical Property Analysis
Physical property analysis detects property
changes in used oil. Changes in viscosity, fuel di-
lution, or water content may indicate faulty equip-
3005. Joint Oil Analysis Program ment, operating conditions, or maintenance
procedures. Physical property analysis is instru-
The Joint Oil Analysis Program is an agreement
mental in eliminating the wasteful requirement of
among the Navy, Army, and Air Force. It stan-
changing oil based on hours/miles/calendar days
dardizes policies, procedures, research, and devel-
as currently specified by some technical publica-
opment for the process of oil analysis. Oil analysis
tions and lubrication orders.
is a general term that describes scientific tests and
evaluations performed on used oil.
c. Sampling Procedures
The Marine Corps is an associate member of the General sampling procedures and techniques are
Joint Oil Analysis Program coordinating group. discussed in MCO 4731.1, The U.S. Marine
This group implements and monitors the oil Corps Oil Analysis Program.

(reverse blank)
Chapter 4

Maintenance Organizations
“There is no area of military activity where so many departures from the theoretical ideal are re-
quired by circumstances as in organization. Yet the fact that compromises which produce defects
are inevitable should not lead us to ignore them. Instead we have the task of recognition and
compensation.”1—FMFRP 12-14

Task organization is a quantitative and qualitative over a large geographic area. The FSSG is the
process used to best structure available assets to Marine expeditionary force’s combat service sup-
support a specific mission and concept of opera- port element. It supports the Marine expedition-
tions. It is applicable whether commanders are ary force command element; surveillance,
building combat power or maintenance capability. reconnaissance, and intelligence group; ground
Within this context, the CSSE is the Marine air- combat element comprised of one Marine divi-
ground task force (MAGTF) element that pro- sion; and aviation combat element comprised of
vides the task-organized intermediate ground one Marine aircraft wing.
maintenance capability to support requirements
beyond the organic capabilities of the supported b. Combat Service Support Group
elements. Combat service support elements vary The combat service support group is the task-
in size from temporary, task-organized combat organized combat service support element of a
service support detachments (CSSD) to perma- unit with less than the full spectrum of capability
nent organizations such as the FSSG. Normally, normally afforded a Marine expeditionary force.
there is only one combat service support element For example, a combat service support group cur-
in a MAGTF. rently supports Marine units stationed in Hawaii.
Personnel and equipment are assigned to the com-
bat service support group from permanent battal-
4001. Types of MAGTF Combat ions of the FSSG. This support group provides
Service Support Elements general and direct combat service support to des-
ignated units. If required, it may be augmented by
The designation, size, and composition of the assets from the division and/or wing.
MAGTF combat service support element is deter-
mined by the mission, size, and composition of the c. Marine Expeditionary Unit Service
MAGTF it supports. There are five basic types of Support Group
combat service support elements.
The MEU service support group (MSSG) is a
task-organized combat service support element
a. Force Service Support Group that provides combat service support to all ele-
The FSSG is a permanently structured command. ments of the Marine expeditionary unit. Like the
Its mission is to provide combat service support combat service support group, the MEU service
to the Marine expeditionary force. The FSSG nor- support group draws its personnel and equipment
mally has eight permanent battalions, but task or- from the organic battalions of the FSSG. The
ganizations can be created from these battalions MSSG may also contain assets from the division
to support Marine expeditionary force operations and/or the wing.
4-2 MCWP 4-24

d. Combat Service Support concept of operations, and combat service sup-

Detachment port concept. The MAGTF’s concept of opera-
A combat service support detachment is usually tions must address the requirement to defend and
task-organized from numerous sources. Its pri- protect these installations and facilities. The major
mary tasks are to rearm, refuel, and provide lim- types of combat service support installations are
ited maintenance repair/supply for a supported as follows.
unit. Combat service support detachments are cre-
ated and task-organized to meet a combat service a. Force Combat Service Support Area
support mission. For example, a CSSD can sup- At the Marine expeditionary force level, the CSSE
port a regiment, another CSSD may provide di- establishes a force combat service support area
rect support to a battalion conducting (FCSSA) in close proximity to a beach, seaport,
independent operations, and yet another CSSD and/or an airfield. From this location, the force
may support an aircraft squadron operating at a combat service support area supports other CSS
remote airfield. Combat service support detach- installations and provides greater support capabili-
ments can also be designated as mobile CSSDs. A ties to the MAGTF than those available at for-
mobile combat service support detachment, as the ward installations. All six functional areas of
name implies, possesses sufficient mobility assets combat service support, or any combination
to keep pace with and respond to a supported ma- thereof, is resident within the FCSSA to include
neuver element. Its capabilities usually mirror the dumps and issue points for rations, fuel, ammuni-
parent combat service support detachment, but on tion, and water. Combat service support element
a reduced scale. commanders generally divide their recovery assets
between the force combat service support area
e. Landing Force Support Party and the combat service support area to achieve a
balance between economy and respon- siveness.
The landing force support party is a temporary or-
ganization that provides interim combat service
support capability until the CSSE is phased b. Combat Service Support Area
ashore. Its mission is to support the landing and The combat service support area (CSSA) is a for-
movement of troops, equipment, and supplies ward support installation. It is designed to extend
across the beaches and into helicopter landing the reach of the force combat service support
zones. The nucleus for this task organization is area. The combat service support area funnels
the landing support battalion, FSSG. The organi- combat service support onward to forward sup-
zation and mission of the landing force dictate the ported elements or their CSSDs. It does not have
structure of the landing force support party. Naval the full spectrum of combat service support capa-
elements may include detachments from the cargo bilities found in the forward combat service sup-
handling and port group and the beachmaster unit. port area. The CSSA provides the minimum
The landing force support party is normally dis- essential support required in the six functional ar-
solved and absorbed by the CSSE once it is eas of combat service support. Its composition
ashore and established. (e.g., dumps, issue points) is determined by the
CSSE commander based upon the MAGTF con-
cept of operations. The combat service support
4002. Combat Service Support area is supported by the force combat service sup-
port area.
Operational logistic installations are the source of c. Beach Support Area
most combat service support for the MAGTF. The beach support area is normally one of the first
These installations are physical locations either combat service support installations established
aboard ship or ashore. The number, location, and ashore during an amphibious operation. Estab-
specific capabilities of combat service support in- lished by the landing force support party to facili-
stallations are based on the MAGTF’s mission, tate initial throughput requirements, the beach
Maintenance Operations 4-3

support area may expand to include the full spec- combat service support area deliver directly to the
trum of combat service support functions or it users at the forward repair and replenishment
may be designated as a CSSA. Also, it may even- points.
tually be dissolved or become the force combat
service support area. In some situations, the beach
support area may be the only combat service sup- 4003. Permanent Organizations
port installation ashore. In other situations, it may
be one of several combat service support installa- Permanent organizations are established with ta-
tions. The CSSE commander determines the bles of organization and tables of equipment.
beach support area’s composition (e.g., dumps, Each unit’s table of organization establishes its
issue points, etc.) based on the MAGTF concept structure and mission. Its table of equipment es-
of operations. tablishes the quantity and type of authorized
equipment required to perform the unit’s assigned
d. Landing Zone Support Area mission. By table of organization and table of
equipment, 11 MAGTF units of battalion and
The landing zone support area (LZSA) is a com- squadron size or larger possess organic mainte-
bat service support area established to support nance capabilities. There are two permanent com-
helicopterborne operations. It is normally devel- bat service support organizations within the
oped from an existing helicopter landing zone that Marine expeditionary force that provide inter-
was established by a helicopter support team. A mediate ground maintenance support to the
helicopter landing zone is established when a MAGTF: the force service support group and the
combat service support buildup beyond the heli- Marine wing support group. These organizations
copterborne unit’s basic load of supplies and am- possess most of the assets required to task-
munition or organic CSS capabilities is required. organize the combat service support element.
When a combat service support buildup begins in Normally, the FSSG is the primary source of in-
a helicopter landing zone, control of the helicop- termediate maintenance support for the ground
ter landing zone normally transitions from the combat element.
helicopterborne unit’s helicopter support team to
a designated combat service support unit and the a. Maintenance Battalion, FSSG
helicopter landing zone is redesignated an LZSA.
Although the landing zone support area can be
(1) Mission. The maintenance battalion provides
expanded into a CSSA, it is most often a short-
intermediate (third and fourth echelon) mainte-
term installation with limited capabilities. Typi-
nance for Marine Corps-furnished tactical ground
cally, an LZSA only contains dumps for rations, equipment of a Marine expeditionary force.
fuel, ammunition, and water.
(2) Concept of Employment. The battalion es-
e. Repair and Replenishment Point tablishes and operates intermediate level, direct
A CSSD normally establishes a temporary repair and general support maintenance facilities in sup-
and replenishment point to support mechanized or port of the Marine expeditionary force or any
rapidly moving units. Repair and replenishment smaller combination of MAGTF. If the mainte-
points are either a pre-established point or a hast- nance battalion is supporting MAGTFs smaller
ily selected point to rearm, refuel, or provide re- than a Marine expeditionary force, it forms pla-
pair services to the supported unit. Depending on toon detachments from each of the functional
the mission, a combat service support detachment companies (while maintaining unit integrity) as-
may establish multiple repair and replenishment signed to the supporting combat service support
points. Although the main body of the CSSD usu- element. The detachments are task-organized to
ally follows the advancing unit, repair and replen- provide all second and third echelon and limited
ishment points are normally located in forward fourth echelon secondary reparables capabilities.
areas near the supported unit’s trains. To mini- Maintenance support of major end items is
mize the handling of supplies, vehicles from a
4-4 MCWP 4-24

provided by maintenance support teams whenever

possible. The electronics maintenance company’s main em-
phasis is the repair of secondary reparables and
(3) Organization. Maintenance battalion, FSSG their subsequent return to float stockage. Little
is organized with a headquarters, support ele- maintenance is performed to end items. The sec-
ments, four commodity maintenance companies, ondary responsibility of the electronics mainte-
and a general support maintenance company (see nance company is the calibration and repair of test
fig. 4-1). It is staffed and equipped to be em- equipment for all commodity areas. Therefore, the
ployed in two modes simultaneously. First, with employment of the company and its detachments
task-organized detachments and maintenance sup- may be different than the employment of the other
port teams that provide CSSE support and on-site commodity areas. The electronics maintenance
repairs for supported units. Second, as a func- company commander is responsible to the com-
tional commodity area company that operates a mander for dispersing assets to cover the numer-
centralized maintenance facility. ous floats spread out in support of the combat
elements while still maintaining sufficient equip-
The battalion is effective when it is employed in a ment (primarily test equipment) to provide timely
centralized manner and co-located with its sour- repairs for all floats. For example, the commander
ces of supply or as task-organized detachments/ may attach small detachments to a float for the re-
maintenance support teams. The method of em- pair of most communications and electronics
ployment (centralized, task-organized, or a com- equipment and establish evacuation procedures to
bination of the two) is situationally driven to send difficult or time consuming repairs to the
provide the most effective means of support based rear.
on mission requirements and available re- sources.
b. Marine Wing Support Group and
(4) Maintenance Companies. The battalion’s Marine Wing Support Squadron
five maintenance companies differ not only in the The Marine wing support group is limited to first
kind of equipment they repair but also in the level echelon maintenance. The Marine wing support
and type of repairs they can perform. Engineer, squadron is authorized first and second echelon
motor transport, and ordnance maintenance com- maintenance on ground equipment and some third
panies are the most mobile and perform mainte- and fourth echelon maintenance on expeditionary
nance on their respective types of equipment by airfield-related equipment. If requirements exceed
replacing end item parts or components. The elec- this capability, the maintenance battalion of the
tronics maintenance, ordnance, and general sup- FSSG provides intermediate support.
port maintenance companies also repair their own
components, but their work generally requires
more sophisticated tools and test equipment and
environmentally-controlled work areas making
them the least mobile of the battalion’s units.


Headquarters Ordnance Motor Transport Engineer Electronics General Support

and Service Maintenance Maintenance Maintenance Maintenance Maintenance
Company Company Company Company Company Company

Figure 4-1. Maintenance Battalion, FSSG.

4-6 MCWP 4-24

Ensuring that maintenance operations inter- c. Services Section

face with maintenance-related programs. A services section performs functions in support
Ensuring the economic use of maintenance of equipment maintenance; for example, welding,
resources. battery shop service, inspection, quality control.
Supervising maintenance training within the
shop. d. Maintenance Sections
Ensuring that proper transactions are submit- The actual performance of maintenance is accom-
ted into the Field Maintenance Subsystem for plished by maintenance sections. These sections
maintenance actions completed and changes may be organized in a number of different ways:
in ERO status.
By function (e.g., preventive maintenance
checks and services, corrective maintenance,
b. Administrative Section modification).
The administrative section performs functions as- By equipment (e.g., light, medium, heavy, or
sociated with equipment receipt and transfer, specific equipment type).
technical data research, tool issue, shop property
By commodity (e.g., motor transport, ord-
control, and the recording and reporting of com-
nance, engineer, ground maintenance equip-
pleted maintenance actions within the shop. An
administrative section can range from one person
in small shops to several people in larger shops. By echelon (e.g., second, third, fourth, or
even second and third).
Chapter 5

Maintenance Planning
“The factors and methods which give great economy in a stable situation may not be adequate for
the changing situation.”1—FMFRP 12-14

“. . . Mere size is no suitable object; rather, the efficiency of the logistic support rendered is the
true aim.”2—FMFRP 12-14

MCDP 4 shows that common to all logistic sys- determining support requirements, assigning pri-
tems are a distribution system and command and orities, and allocating resources.
control. The distribution system is made up of
bases (sources sized and located in accordance a. Determining Support Requirements
with need and capability) and distribution proce-
Supported unit commanders must determine and
dures (means, parameters, and criteria to distrib-
identify combat service support mission require-
ute). Command and control provides the ability to
ments that are beyond their organic capabilities.
administer, monitor, and adjust the distribution
To accurately determine the type and amount of
system as required. Therefore, planning efforts
external service support, the supported com-
must focus on developing a distribution system
mander’s staff must calculate the exact quantities
with the command and control appropriate to the
of needed supply categories. The following fac-
mission and scheme of maneuver.
tors should be considered when calculating need:
Planning expeditionary maintenance to support
MAGTF operations must start early and be ad- MAGTF mission.
justed, as necessary, with the receipt of the initiat- Characteristics of the objective area, inclu-
ing directives and other planning documents. Both ding available resources, climate, weather,
the supported and supporting units must know and terrain.
each other’s responsibilities if a unit commander is Enemy capabilities.
to receive timely and appropriate combat service
Characteristics of operations to be sup-
support. While maintenance and supply are sepa-
rate functions, maintenance support planning must
parallel and interface with supply planning efforts. Duration of the operation.
It is also essential to make maximum use of the Capability and dependability of the transpor-
FSSG’s major base/ installation facilities to pre- tation system (outside and inside the objec-
pare equipment prior to deployment. tive area).
Tasks requiring special supplies and equip-
5001. Supported Unit
Experience in similar operations.
Supported unit commanders, through the coordi- b. Assigning Priorities
nated efforts of the G-3s/S-3s and G-4s/S-4s, ini- Units assign priorities based on their assigned
tiate combat service support detailed planning. force activity designator (FAD) and urgency of
Combat service support planning begins by need designators as outlined in MCO 4400.16.
5-2 MCWP 4-24

Units upgrade force activity designators based on and be informed of changes as they occur. Close
changes to the unit’s mission. Commanders must coordination between the supporting CSSE and
be keenly aware of their FAD and when it the supported unit prevents support short- falls.
changes. A unit’s FAD directly translates to
whose equipment is fixed first. The assignment of b. Procuring Assets
priorities affects the supporting CSSE’s concept
of combat service support and must be coordi- The supporting combat service support element
nated by the supported unit and the combat serv- procures assets based on the requirements needed
to sustain the supported unit. To prevent unnec-
ice support element to ensure that adequate
combat service support is available during the essary logistical burdens, the CSSE planner
early stages of an operation. Ultimately, the carefully reviews requirements to avoid overes-
MAGTF commander oversees assignment of pri- timating requirements.
c. Distributing Assets
c. Allocating Resources The distribution of assets is the actual perform-
Supported unit commanders allocate available or- ance of the supported service. The distribution of
assets has the most critical impact on responsive-
ganic CSS resources, including the assets they
ness, flexibility, and economy of combat service
retain as a reserve, to subordinate elements within
support. Assets distribution can be successfully
their organization. These allocations must support
achieved only by coordinated predeployment
and complement the MAGTF’s concept of opera-
planning, which anticipates and provides for unex-
tions and reflect previous decisions concerning re-
pected replenishment opportunities, surge require-
quirements and priorities. Like supported unit
ments, and alternate delivery means.
commanders’ assignment of prior- ities, their allo-
cation of combat service support resources also
affects the supporting CSSE’s concept of combat
service support.
5003. Combat Service Support
Planning References
5002. Supporting Unit Combat a. Table of Authorized Materiel
Service Support Responsibilities The table of authorized materiel (TAM) provides
general information and instruction on the supply
The supporting combat service support planner system; specific information on classes I, II, III,
can be an important asset to the supported unit. IV, and VII; and replacement factors needed to
The supporting combat service support planner project anticipated losses or consumption rates.
can advise and assist the unit in refining require- This source document is the one most used by
ments, procuring the resources to meet those re- Marine Corps personnel with regards to logistic
quirements, and planning for the distribution of planning.
assets to support the mission and concept of
operations. b. Mechanized Allowance List and
Table of Equipment
a. Determining Requirements The mechanized allowance list (MAL) and table
Requirements are based on the supported com- of equipment (T/E) identify the equipment that a
manders concept of operations and the situation. unit rates and the total of what it has on-hand or
The identified requirements must address each on order. The table of equipment is primarily con-
CSS functional support area. The CSSE must cerned with class VII items. It also assists in the
know the requirements early in the planning phase determination of class V because it identifies the
Maintenance Operations 5-3

number and type of weapon systems a unit pos-

sesses. The table of equipment listing of Maintenance planning must include every level of
vehicles/equipment is also very helpful in deter- mechanic and technician needed to support
mining class III and IX requirements. MAGTF ground equipment. The ratio of mechan-
ics to the density of equipment to be supported
c. Table of Organization must be considered during planning. This planning
includes the organizational maintenance
The table of organization (T/O) contains the or-
ganization of the unit and a listing of the unit’s mechanics of MAGTF units and the CSSE’s
authorized personnel allocations. The table of or- intermediate maintenance mechanics. The compo-
ganization is useful to the logistic planner because sition of maintenance contact teams and main-
it describes the logistic capabilities of the unit and tenance support teams must also be programmed
assists in the determination of classes I, II, V, and to support the MAGTF’s scheme of maneuver.
5005. Maintenance Tools
d. Marine Corps Orders
MCO 8010.1, Class V(W) Supply FMF Combat
Operations, provides class V(W) supply rates
The need for special and general tools and kits
during combat operations. MCO P8011.4, Table
of Allowances for Class V(W) Materiel (Peace- must be considered during MAGTF maintenance
time), provides information for determining train- support planning. The following factors determine
ing requirements. the need for special and general tools kits:

Types of equipment to be supported.

e. Marine Corps Doctrine
Density of equipment supported.
Marine Corps doctrine portrayed in the 4 series of
our doctrinal hierarchy includes doctrinal publica- Mobility required.
tions (MCDP 4, Logistics) future warfighting Environmental conditions.
publications (MCWP 4-1, Logistics Operations
[under development]), and reference publications
(FMFRP 4-34, Recovery and Battlefield Damage 5006. Safety Considerations
Assessment and Repair). This doctrine is invalu-
able to understanding the nature of logistics as it All commanders must address the safety of per-
applies to our warfighting philosophy. It provides sonnel during expeditionary maintenance opera-
the framework for applying the necessary tactics, tions. Personnel safety must be a primary concern.
techniques, and procedures. A thorough ground- Lack of effective safety measures can result in
ing in our warfighting doctrine is essential to ef-
tragedy. The following safety issues should be ad-
fective planning.
dressed at all levels of command during the plan-
ning phase and while operations are underway:
f. U.S. Army Field Manual
FM 101-10-1/2, Staff Officers’ Field Manual: Are personnel properly trained for the tasks
Organizational, Technical, and Logistical Data and procedures they are performing?
(volume 2), provides planning factors for engi-
Is the operation adequately staffed and su-
neer, supply, transportation and movement, per-
pervised by personnel qualified in their po-
sonnel services, health services, and operational
force requirements. sition?
Has the operational tempo increased to the
5004. Personnel Considerations point where haste, fatigue, and personnel
5-4 MCWP 4-24

availability are causing common safety prac- personnel. The following factors should be con-
tices, procedures, and regulations to be sidered during repair parts block determination:
Type and density of equipment to be sup-
5007. Maintenance and Supply Level of maintenance to be performed by the
Interface organizational and CSSE maintenance
The supply system provides the MAGTF with the MAGTF objective and scheme of maneuver.
material it needs to support unit operations. The
Environmental impact.
needs of the supported unit must be the basis of
all supply efforts, especially that of the CSSE. The Projected length of operation and resupply
using unit level is where the supply cycle begins capability.
and ends. Therefore, supply related limitations Other resources in the MAGTF’s area of
that affect maintenance support operations must operation.
be minimized. Tailoring repair parts blocks to After-action reports of MAGTFs previously
support a MAGTF’s maintenance effort, collocat- deployed to the same region.
ing issue points and maintenance facilities, ware-
housing to support anticipated maintenance, and High demand national stock numbers.
using maintenance and supply automated informa- Embarkation and lift constraints.
tion systems are all part of the maintenance and
supply interface. The goal is to provide the using b. Repair Parts Issue Point
unit with sufficient expeditionary maintenance ca-
pabilities to support the scheme of maneuver Ideally, the CSSE commander locates the repair
parts issue point near the intermediate mainte-
without overtaxing embarkation/lift constraints.
nance area. At each forward issue point, the com-
bat service support detachment maintains a block
a. Repair Parts Block (Class IX Block) of repair parts tailored to the anticipated needs of
Composition the supported unit(s).
During the predeployment phase, a class IX block
is tailored to support MAGTF units. The process Note: The repair parts block, which the combat
of estimating the supply block begins with the service support detachment holds, has limited
SASSY Management Unit running a deployment range and depth (too large a supply block limits
support generator package (also known as a gen- mobility, too small a supply block reduces re-
pack.) This automated computer program esti- sponsiveness).
mates repair parts requirements based on historic
usage data (past demand for parts in support of The preponderance of class IX blocks arrive in
equipment by identification number). The SASSY the area of responsibility with the assault follow-
Management Unit runs the genpack against the on echelon. When they arrive, the combat service
equipment density list provided by the MAGTF to support element expands the primary issue point
estimate repair parts requirements for each type of in the force combat service support area.
equipment supported. Since this history does not
capture variable that influenced the demand (e.g., Forward issue points stock only those class IX re-
operating climates), the estimates usefulness is pair parts necessary to maintain combat-essential
mainly as a starting point to further develop and equipment. The MAGTF commander establishes
refine the class IX block. To further refine the es- the stockage objective for forward issue points
timate, commanders also consider the experience based on the CSSE commander’s recommen-
captured in lessons learned from previous opera- dation. The composition of the issue point is de-
tions and the input provided by their maintenance termined by the MAGTF scheme of maneuver and
Maintenance Operations 5-5

the supported unit’s type and density of

equipment. d. Information Systems Support
Within the MAGTF, commanders down to the
c. Warehousing Parts battalion and company level have organic, auto-
The warehousing of parts must be considered dur- mated information systems to manage their man-
ing supply support planning. Warehousing of power, supply, maintenance, embarkation, and
parts is the process of packaging parts in a prior- disbursing. Both MIMMS and SASSY provide
ity of issue sequence. The anticipated order of is- the MAGTF commander with timely and accurate
sue determines the packaging process (i.e., the information concerning the status of equipment
first parts to be issued will be the last to be pack- undergoing repair and the repair parts required to
aged so they can be readily accessed). The ability effect those repairs. The interface between
to identify, locate, and access required parts in a MIMMS and SASSY must take place in the main-
timely manner is critical to the maintenance ef- frame located in the continental United States.
fort’s supply support. The MAGTF’s automated Planning for deployed maintenance reporting must
information systems allow supply functions to be include a description of available transmission me-
responsive to the maintenance support effort. diums such as a message editing processing sys-
tem, electronic mail system, and satellite
Note: Consideration also must be given to the us- communications. (See app. B for further informa-
age of parts blocks afloat during the movement tion concerning information systems.)
phase of an operation. The ability to access re-
quired parts in support of the maintenance effort
aboard ship must be coordinated with ship per-
sonnel prior to deployment.

(reverse blank)
Chapter 6

Maintenance Execution
“Has all the money spent on what is now called ‘the tail’ been wasted?”1—FMFRP 12-14

The Marine Corps demands that its maintenance To perform maintenance as far forward as
plan is well directed, organized, staffed with suffi- possible, commanders must decentralize execution
cient materiel and trained personnel, and executed of essential tasks. As a general rule, the goal in
with its focus on the supported units mission and combat should be centralized control with decen-
the commander’s intent. Chapter 6 addresses the tralized execution unless the tactical circum-
impact of maintenance execution in the organiza- stances or resources demand a different
tion, embarkation, transit, offload, and employ- configuration. Similarly, the peacetime goal is
ment of personnel and materiels. centralized control with centralized execution.
This is more economical, although not as re-
sponsive. In peacetime, economy will frequently
6001. Ground Maintenance outweigh responsiveness in order to conserve
Control and Execution Options resources.

Commanders may centralize or decentralize con- 6002. Maintenance Afloat

trol and execution of their maintenance opera-
tions. For example, during an amphibious assault, MAGTF commanders must plan for and conduct
the landing force support party has limited main- maintenance operations during the movement
tenance capabilities. The landing force support phase of an amphibious operation. Maintenance
party commander normally centralizes both con- afloat must be coordinated with ship personnel.
trol and execution of maintenance operations at Prior planning ensures that parts and materials are
the beach support area or landing zone support readily available to conduct planned maintenance.
area. Once the CSSE comes ashore, maintenance Expeditionary maintenance operations afloat usu-
capabilities increase. This permits a shift to cen- ally include only those repairs/services that are ab-
tralized control and decentralized execution of solutely necessary. A ship’s facilities, with proper
certain maintenance tasks. coordination, can provide valuable support to the
MAGTF’s maintenance effort afloat.
Note: Some maintenance tasks are always cen-
tralized because the CSSE has limited resources.
a. Maintenance Capabilities Afloat
MCDP 1 says we should aspire to train the way Due to obvious space restrictions, the mainte-
we fight, MCDP 4 indicates that successful logis- nance capabilities of embarked MAGTF units are
tics requires both effectiveness and efficiency, normally very limited. Only maintenance proce-
hence that is not always possible. For example, dures or repairs that are approved by ship person-
while inherently better from a training perspective nel and can be accomplished safely are performed.
to use nothing but tactical communication means However, commanders should take advantage of
for daily operations, the cost of batteries mitigates this opportunity to improve the readiness of the
the use of the base telephone system in garrison. MAGTF’s equipment. Listed below are mainte-
nance capabilities that can be performed afloat by
MAGTF units.
6-2 MCWP 4-24

protected from the weather by canvas and tarpau-

(1) First Echelon. First echelon is the limited lins. This must be accomplished without dam- ag-
action performed by crews or operators as pre- ing the ship or equipment. Equipment may also
ventive maintenance. It normally involves clean- require additional maintenance attention due to
ing, servicing, lubricating, and other actions the harsh environment.
within the operators maintenance category. Spe-
cial consideration must be given to the extremely
corrosive environment while embarked and during (2) Equipment Preventive Maintenance.
landing operations. If feasible, crews or operators Equipment must be wiped down periodically. First
should conduct either freshwater wash- downs or
wipedowns as frequently as possible, preferably WARNING
no less than biweekly.
(2) Second Echelon. Second echelon is the MUST BE USED TO PROTECT PER-
limited action above the operators level performed SONNEL AGAINST CARBON MONOX-
by organizational mechanics or maintenance con- IDE POISONING.
tact teams. It normally involves minor repairs, ad-
justing, inspecting, servicing, and other echelon lubrication is performed at regular inter-
maintenance actions within the organizational vals. Vehicles should be started periodically,
maintenance category. whether stowed on the main deck or in holds. Be-
fore starting vehicles in a hold, unit maintenance
(3) Third Echelon. Third echelon is the limited personnel coordinate with ship personnel to en-
component replacement performed by intermedi- sure that the ship’s safety regulations are strictly
ate mechanics or maintenance support teams. enforced.

(3) Equipment Inspections. Equipment inspec-

b. Maintenance Procedures Afloat tions should be conducted frequently to ensure
MAGTF equipment maintenance operations afloat that all equipment will function properly when de-
differ slightly from garrison or ashore expedition- barked. Permission must be obtained from the
ary maintenance procedures. Space restrictions ship’s commander to enter cargo holds for inspec-
require close coordination with ship personnel. tions. Inspections should include—
Safety regulations may prevent specific types of
maintenance from being performed. Additionally, Equipment waterproofing.
sea conditions and time constraints may restrict
Gas and oil leakage.
maintenance operations. Therefore, the MAGTF
unit commander embarked aboard ship outlines, in Batteries and tires.
coordination with ship personnel, the procedures Deterioration due to dampness or sea (salt)
for equipment maintenance afloat. water.
Lashing assemblies and shoring to ensure
Climatic conditions aboard ship affect embarked that vehicles remain secured. (This is nor-
MAGTF weapons and equipment. Dampness and mally a joint responsibility of the ship’s deck
salt water cause corrosion and deterioration to an department and embarked personnel.)
extent beyond that usually experienced ashore.
Therefore, weapons and equipment aboard ship
require extra care. c. Ship’s Maintenance Facilities
All amphibious ships have some type of mainte-
The following topics should be considered while nance facilities or shops to maintain and repair the
conducting maintenance afloat. ship. Most ships have electrical, welding, carpen-
(1) Equipment Stowed Topside. First echelon try, electronics, and machine shops. These facili-
maintenance is paramount for equipment stowed ties, although not designed to specifically support
topside. Whenever possible, equipment should be MAGTF maintenance operations, may be utilized
Maintenance Operations 6-3

when properly coordinated with ship personnel. and/or ordnance repair personnel. The com-
The embarked MAGTF commander and staff mander determines the exact number of personnel
should be aware of the maintenance facilities and mix of skills in a maintenance contact team.
aboard ship and coordinate their use by MAGTF
personnel if needed. Positioning of maintenance contact teams depends
largely on the train option selected. If combat
trains are used, maintenance contact teams are
6003. Maintenance in Maritime forward, where they are more responsive to the
Prepositioning Force Operations tactical units they support. If unit trains are used,
maintenance contact teams are further to the rear
The maritime prepositioning force offload prepa- and are not as readily available to inspect, classify,
ration party is task-organized and composed of or repair damaged or inoperable items.
maintenance supervisors (i.e., officers and staff
noncommissioned officers), mechanics, techni- Figure 6-1, on page 6-4, shows the notional posi-
cians, and operators. The offload preparation tioning and relationship among various mainte-
party deploys prior to the MAGTF to prepare nance agencies in an expeditionary environment.
equipment for offload and receipt by the MAGTF. Ground combat element collection points repre-
Limited by size, capability, time, and workspace, sent the battalion and regimental trains. The ter-
its work is typically confined to first echelon rain and tactical situation dictate the locations of
maintenance and second echelon emergency field both tactical and combat service support ele-
expedient repairs. Therefore, corrective mainte- ments. Organizational maintenance elements are
nance requirements of a more significant nature generally forward of the division’s rear boundary.
are identified for resolution by maintenance units
at the point of offload. b. Intermediate Maintenance Concept
of Operations
6004. Maintenance Concepts There are three elements in the intermediate main-
tenance concept: the maintenance support team,
the forward support maintenance detachment, and
a. Organizational Maintenance Con- the CSSE maintenance element.
cept of Operations
All battalions and regiments have organizational (1) Maintenance Support Team. The mainte-
maintenance capabilities. Proper employment of nance support team is to intermediate mainte-
these elements is essential to sustain combat op- nance what the maintenance contact team is to
erations. The maintenance contact team is the key organizational maintenance. Maintenance support
element of organizational maintenance in combat. teams consist of intermediate maintenance repair-
Maintenance contact teams are essential to a suc- men, tools, test equipment, and repair parts.
cessful recovery, evacuation, and repair program. Maintenance support teams inspect, diagnose,
They determine whether an item is repairable at classify, and repair equipment at forward sites.
the recovery site. If so, they fix it themselves or The CSS commander forms maintenance support
obtain parts and additional personnel and tools teams from available intermediate maintenance as-
from the rear. If the equipment is not repairable at sets. Unlike maintenance contact teams, mainte-
or near the recovery site, they supervise evacua- nance support teams are not routinely forward
tion of the equipment. Maintenance contact teams with the tactical units. They usually work on
consist of organizational maintenance repairmen equipment in the CSSA until sent forward to re-
with tools, test equipment, and limited repair parts pair a specific item of equipment. This permits
to inspect, diagnose, classify, and repair equip- better use of maintenance and transportation as-
ment at forward sites. Depending on the organiza- sets while also permitting the maintenance team to
tion, maintenance contact teams can be composed draw and bring with them the needed repair parts.
of communications, engineer, motor transport,
6-4 MCWP 4-24

Figure 6-1. Notional Field Maintenance Flow.

The CSS commander may position maintenance repair parts block must also be sent. When dis-
support teams forward; however, this is usually patched, the team remains forward only until the
only done when the commander anticipates that work is completed. Once the work is completed,
the team will have enough work to justify this op- they return to the CSSA where they are accessible
tion. If the commander sends the team forward, a for further missions. Combat service support
Maintenance Operations 6-5

detachments always have maintenance support

6005. Maintenance Support in
(2) Forward Support Maintenance Detach- Combat
ment. The forward support maintenance detach-
ment is the CSSD maintenance element. It oper-
ates the maintenance facilities and maintenance a. Maintenance System Adaptability
collection points in the combat service support Ideally, peacetime or garrison systems and
area. Its primary role is to evacuate inoperable expeditionary maintenance systems should be the
equipment from the supported units’ collection same. Maintenance systems and procedures must
points and perform intermediate maintenance support mission accomplishment during both
within its capabilities. The detachment also pro- peace and war. However, peacetime or garrison
vides the repairmen, tools, and test equipment for maintenance procedures may not necessarily
a maintenance support team, which assists organ- transfer to or work effectively for expeditionary
izational maintenance elements. The forward sup- maintenance execution under combat conditions.
port maintenance detachment is the furthest Whenever peacetime maintenance systems and
forward point of entry into the automated mainte- procedures can support or enhance sustainment,
nance management system. the MAGTF should employ them. Where they are
cumbersome, redundant, or impossible to admin-
(3) CSSE Maintenance Element. The CSSE ister, the MAGTF must use other techniques and
task-organizes to support the deploying force. It procedures.
can task-organize as an MSSG or FSSG.
b. Maintenance Requests
The MEU service support group is the smallest During combat actions, intermediate maintenance
CSSE. Although it has extensive capabilities, the and augmentation of organic maintenance capa-
MSSG conducts maintenance operations from a bilities are performed only by maintenance sup-
single combat service support area. The MSSG port teams when requested by the supported unit.
commander uses maintenance support teams as Maintenance support teams are drawn either from
needed. the supporting combat service support element or
maintenance battalion, FSSG. Regardless of the
The maintenance capabilities of an FSSG are source, maintenance support teams employed
much greater than an MSSG. These commanders forward of the supported unit’s rear boundary are
have the assets to form multiple combat service requested through and coordinated by the sup-
support detachments in addition to retaining a porting combat service support element.
central maintenance capability. The commander
establishes a central maintenance capability in the
FCSSA. It is here that the CSSE performs the c. Rear Area Support
more complex, time-consuming maintenance. The In the MAGTF’s rear area, the CSSE’s mainte-
CSSE commander may also create maintenance nance element provides maintenance support.
support teams from these assets to support either CSSE maintenance elements are task-organized to
organizational maintenance contact teams or to support mission/operational requirements. Person-
augment subordinate combat service support de- nel are selected based on their specific skills.
tachment capabilities during surge periods. Main- Equipment selections are based on projected
tenance support teams are usually kept on-call in needs. The situation determines the size and capa-
the FCSSA rather than with either the supported bilities of the maintenance element. The larger the
unit or with subordinate combat service support maintenance element, the greater the need to
detachments. stock repair parts, and the less maneuverable the
6-6 MCWP 4-24

combat service support element. Elements of elec- maximum number of operable and mobile weapon
tronics and general support maintenance compa- systems. Therefore, mechanics and technicians
nies can be positioned in the rear area to take working in forward areas must be able to meet the
advantage of captured facilities, security, and the increased demands for organizational (first and
establishment of semi-fixed facilities. second echelon) and intermediate (third and
fourth echelon) maintenance. Intermediate main-
d. Main Area Support tenance elements, in the form of maintenance sup-
In the vicinity of the FSSG’s main area, the main- port teams, may also operate in direct support of
tenance battalion is located in one of the combat lead units in the attack. Maintenance support
service support areas with its companies located teams must be properly configured (military occu-
in the same or in other combat service support ar- pational specialty and quantity), equipped (trans-
eas to provide dispersion. It is not effective to es- portation, common tools, special tools, and
tablish a full range of capabilities in each combat communications), and supplied (components, as-
service support area, but establishing complemen- semblies, and repair parts) to perform their mis-
tary capabilities facilitates reconstitution in the sions. Noncombat essential repair parts,
event of loss of a combat service support area or components, and assemblies should not be carried
redeployment. forward due to their adverse effects on mobility.

Highly trained technicians must make hasty but

e. Forward Area Support informed decisions regarding what can be repaired
The forward support maintenance detachment is on the site, what should be evacuated, and what
the CSSD’s maintenance element that operates should be cannibalized. They must also be capable
maintenance facilities and maintenance collection of determining if operational necessity demands
points in the combat service support area. It the destruction of damaged equipment to render it
evacuates inoperable equipment from the sup- useless to the enemy. Guidelines should be set re-
ported units’ collection points and performs inter- garding the amount of time devoted to repair on
mediate maintenance within its capabilities. The site to determine whether or not equipment
forward support maintenance detachment pro- should be evacuated or reported to the next
vides the repairmen, tools, and test equipment for higher level and left to be repaired by following
the maintenance support teams that assist organ- units. Contact teams report the location of items
izational maintenance elements. The forward sup- left behind to their parent maintenance control
port maintenance detachment is the furthest element. Parent maintenance control elements co-
forward point of entry into the automated mainte- ordinate recovery and evacuation of these items.
nance management system. Typically, policy and standing operating proce-
dures require the destruction of equipment (e.g;
trucks, tanks, assault amphibious vehicles, artil-
6006. Maintenance Support in lery) that must be abandoned (operator’s equip-
the Offense ment manuals provide destruction procedures).
The inherent danger of leaving equipment for
The ability to maintain momentum and mass at recovery/salvage is that it provides the enemy the
critical points is crucial in the attack. Maintenance opportunity to exploit/compromise the equipment.
operations must be thoroughly integrated into the Attempted recovery/salvage of equipment that has
plan in order to surge support to units preparing been compromised may not be feasible due to the
for attack. They must also be positioned to re- tactical situation and safety.
spond quickly when repair on site is critical. The
situation may dictate repair at the point of mal- a. Maintenance During the
function or damage in order to maintain the Amphibious Assault
Maintenance Operations 6-7

Assault elements of the landing force are in either unnecessary duplication of effort, and reduce dis-
scheduled or on-call waves. Assault units usually tance between train positions, which also reduces
have few organizational maintenance personnel. the transportation burden for both maintenance
The majority of their organizational maintenance and resupply.
capability follows in nonscheduled waves.
c. Maintenance During Subsequent
The initial maintenance capability, to include lim- Operations
ited recovery, evacuation, and repair, is provided
by the landing force support party (LFSP). The Only after the assault follow-on echelon arrives
does the combat service support element reach
LFSP maintenance detachment carries a small
full maintenance capability. When a maintenance
block of critical repair parts tailored to match the
unit cannot repair an item, it holds the item at the
quantity and type of equipment in the assault
maintenance collection point or evacuates the
waves. Due to the intense activity during the as-
item to the next higher level. As the situation con-
sault phase, the LFSP’s emphasis will be on re- tinues to mature, the landing force commander
placement of components and assemblies rather phases in additional CSSE units from the assault
than repairing them. The LFSP should be author- echelon and maintenance capabilities gradually in-
ized selective interchange and cannibalization to crease. When satisfied that adequate capability
offset the limited depth and breadth of the repair and command and control is established by the
parts block. Immediate tasks of the LFSP mainte- CSSE, the landing force commander will disestab-
nance detachment are to establish maintenance lish the LFSP, which will be subsequently ab-
and salvage collection points and aggressively im- sorbed into the CSSE.
plement the recovery and evacuation plan. Assault
elements must be made to understand the impor-
tance of recovering damaged equipment and re- 6007. Maintenance Support in
turning the equipment to the appropriate the Defense
collection point. Even extensively damaged items
may provide parts for repair of other combat-
The MAGTF maintenance effort’s primary thrust
essential equipment items. Equipment should only in the defense is to prepare the maximum number
be abandoned when the tactical situation leaves of combat-ready weapons. Once the defensive
no other options. When units are unable to re- battle begins, the priority shifts to repairing the
cover equipment, they should report the location maximum number of damaged/inoperable systems
to the LFSP for later recovery and evacuation. and returning them to the battle as fast as possi-
Assault elements are normally on unit distribution ble. This requires conduct of maintenance on site
for resupply and should place damaged equipment or as near as possible to the location where the
on resupply vehicles for return to the LFSP. system is employed. Commanders task-organize
personnel, equipment, and parts as required to
b. Maintenance During Transition provide responsive maintenance in the forward
Periods area. This organization should include trained per-
As the tactical situation stabilizes, assault element sonnel who are able to diagnose problems quickly,
commanders phase in their nonscheduled units make rapid repairs, or decide to evacuate equip-
that include their unit/battalion trains and their or- ment to the next level of maintenance.
ganizational maintenance elements. The primary Note: Consideration should also be given to pro-
responsibility for maintenance then shifts to the viding maintenance to covering force elements
unit owning the equipment. As the assault units’ when they return to the ground combat element’s
organizational maintenance capability expands, rear area so they may be returned more rapidly
the LFSP shifts its efforts to intermediate mainte- to a combat-ready condition.
nance. Assault units initially position their trains
near the LFSP to enhance mutual support, avoid
6-8 MCWP 4-24

6008. Combat Recovery, an agency that will repair or dispose of the

Evacuation, and Repair Cycle
Combat recovery, evacuation, and repair capabili- c. Priorities
ties are phased in as more of the MAGTF lands. Tactical and combat service support commanders
must closely monitor and control recovery and
a. Recovery evacuation operations. They must establish prior-
ities that govern recovery and evacuation efforts,
Recovery is the responsibility of the units that and they must carefully allocate personnel and
own the equipment. Owning units retrieve or ar- equipment to these efforts. For example, combat
range to retrieve immobile, inoperative, and/or vehicles, weapons platforms, and weapons often
abandoned materiel. The owning unit’s objective have a higher recovery priority than other items.
is to recover equipment to its maintenance collec- The extent of damage also affects recovery prior-
tion point, to a main supply route, or to the com- ity. When the unit must recover two or more of
bat service support detachment’s intermediate the same item, they should first recover the item
maintenance site. requiring the least repairs.

If materiel is not repairable or is permanently un-

d. Positioning
recoverable, owning units recover salvageable
parts and components. Owning units should de- Combat and combat support unit commanders
stroy equipment they cannot recover or that is in should position their recovery capability as far
danger of capture. If possible, they cannibalize forward as possible. As a rule, their recovery ca-
pability consists of the personnel and equipment in
materiel before destroying it.
their maintenance contact teams. Commanders of
intermediate maintenance activities should hold
b. Evacuation their recovery assets at the force combat service
If neither the owning unit nor the combat service support area or the combat service support area
support detachment can repair a recovered item, where they can achieve a balance between econ-
the combat service support detachment evacuates omy and responsiveness.
it to the force combat service support area. The
combat service support detachment may remove
and use parts before evacuating an item if the
MAGTF commander has authorized selective in-
terchange. The combat service support detach-
ment evacuates recovered equipment directly to
Appendix A

Maintenance Shop Organization

Since the basic functions and tasks of a mainte- i.e., cover, concealment, and perimeter security.
nance shop are the same, its organization is fairly Other factors also include—
standard regardless of shop size or authorized
echelon of maintenance. The difference among (1) Space Requirements. Space limitations in
shops is mainly the workload associated with each a maintenance area can cause congestion that
function or task and the resources required. This could impair maintenance efficiency and safety. A
appendix addresses establishment of a basic main- maintenance area should be large enough to pro-
tenance shop applicable to a wide range of vide for the adequate dispersal of equipment and
scenarios. maintenance activities.

(2) Terrain Features. Ideally the terrain should

1. Site Selection offer concealment from ground and air observa-
tion; favor defense against air or ground attacks;
The following characteristics affect selection of a facilitate local security; have a hardstand for vehi-
maintenance area site: cles and equipment; and be accessible to road,
water, and air routes for evacuation and resupply.
(3) Access Routes. Access routes should avoid
congested areas and be convenient to users of the
Tactical situation. maintenance facility. A maintenance area of sup-
Unit size and mission. port maintenance units should be located along
Mission maintenance requirements. the main supply route to provide easy access to
supported units and to allow for the evacuation of
Typically, the unit’s S-1 and the headquarters
commandant share responsibility for selecting the (4) Proximity to Supported Units. The mainte-
site for the command echelon and allocating space nance area is positioned so that it allows each
within it. The maintenance area is normally within maintenance section to effectively perform its mis-
the limits of the unit’s command echelon site. In sion. A maintenance area of support maintenance
major subordinate and force level commands, the units should be located far enough from sup-
logistic areas of subordinate service support units ported combat elements to allow continuity of
normally locate away from the command echelon maintenance operations.
site. The maintenance areas within these units are
selected by the unit’s G-3/S-3 with the assistance (5) Proximity to Other Logistic Elements.
of the unit’s G-4/S-4. Figure A-1 on page A-2 The maintenance area is located in close proximity
shows a generic layout for a field support mainte- to the unit’s other logistic elements to better use
nance activity. common facilities and services.

a. Field Site Selection b. Garrison Site Selection

Basic considerations that pertain to maintenance Garrison site selection of a maintenance area does
site selection are common to any field activity; not differ appreciably from field site
A-2 MCWP 4-24

considerations. Since mobility normally is not a equipment resources should be used to the maxi-
major factor in garrison, restrictions on the mum extent practical to extend tactical equipment
amount of maintenance capability to collocate life. Proximity of the unit’s maintenance area to
with the commodity users are limited only by the dining, billeting, and administrative facilities re-
unit’s maintenance capabilities. Commercial duces time lost due to travel.
























Figure A-1. Layout of a Field Support Maintenance Activity.

Maintenance Operations A-3

2. Organization of the billeting areas, but still convenient for shop

Maintenance Area use.
A fire plan is established and consideration
The S-4 advises the commander on the assign- given to the positioning of firefighting
ment of facilities, placement of organic mainte- equipment.
nance areas, distribution of utilities, and priority Hazardous work areas are designated.
of installation within the maintenance area. Except
for purely tactical considerations, the maintenance
management officer’s recommendations apply 3. Maintenance Shop Layout
equally to the maintenance area in garrison. Com-
manders must consider the following when organ- After the maintenance area site is selected, then
izing the maintenance area: the shop layout must be planned. Shop layout in-
volves the organization of equipment and space
Facilities are assigned according to equip- assigned to a particular shop for the conduct of
ment size, density, and anticipated mainte- maintenance operations. Shop layout provides an
nance workload. efficient workflow, safety to personnel, and eco-
Maintenance shops are positioned according nomic use of support and test equipment. Figure
to equipment types. Tracked vehicle mainte- A-2 on page A-4 shows a generic maintenance
nance normally is conducted outside of or on shop layout plan.
the outer limits of the central maintenance
area to reduce route maintenance. Structures a. Inspection Area
are erected or assigned based on the need to An initial inspection and holding area, which
protect equipment from the climate and to serves as a control point for equipment entering
provide comfort to personnel. Drainage con- the shop, is the first step in promoting orderly
siderations are paramount when assigning workflow. This area can be divided so that it also
outside work and storage areas. provides for final inspection and holding of com-
Shops with common requirements for exten- pleted maintenance items. The inspection area
sive electrical power are positioned so that should prevent overcrowding of the shop’s active
generators can be shared. Wash racks should maintenance by controlling input, holding com-
be established to serve several users. pleted work, and eliminating customers from the
Defensive positions are accessible to the work areas.
place of work.
Maintenance hardstands are installed where b. Shop Office
needed. The shop office should be located adjacent to the
Position of outside illumination must con- inspection and holding area. This location makes
sider the tactical situation and concealment it convenient to shop customers and facilitates the
restrictions. processing of paperwork. The administrative and
management support provided by the shop office
Secure areas are established away from the requires that office personnel have easy access to
perimeter of the unit and where a minimum the remainder of the shop.
number of personnel are needed to keep
them secure.
c. Common-Use Items
Common issue points are located at the most
convenient position for shop use. Commod- Common areas and equipment used by all shop
ity-oriented issue points should be located maintenance personnel should be located so they
where they best serve the commodity shop. are easily accessible. Some of these include—
Storage areas are designated for fuel, flam-
mable materials, hazardous materials, and A technical library (the shop library should
hazardous waste. These areas are located be immediately accessible to the work area).
away (downhill/downwind) from work and
A-4 MCWP 4-24













Figure A-2. Maintenance Shop Layout.

Repair parts and materials (shop stores and Support and test equipment (equipment used
pre-expended bins should be located in close primarily by one mechanic should be located
proximity to work areas). as close as possible to the mechanic’s place
A scrap collection point (a central collection of use; however, a central location for low-
point for scrap should be established to keep density, common-use tools facilitates tool
work areas clear and facilitate easy collection availability and is preferred).
and removal of refuse from the shop).
Maintenance Operations A-5

d. Workflow tenance actions are checked at the acceptance

The shop office controls the flow of work through inspection for accuracy and completeness. This
the shop. Work should not be inducted until ade- ensures that the necessary paperwork is available
quate resources (e.g., space, personnel, and parts) to the mechanics and technicians performing the
are available to perform the necessary work. This work during the active maintenance phase. A
reduces the chance of a work stoppage and effec- shop officer monitors and controls the paper flow.
tively utilizes maintenance space. ERO logs and status boards are recommended
methods for monitoring both supply and mainte-
nance actions if automated reports are not avail-
e. Paper Flow able. Once active maintenance is completed and
Equipment repair orders, logbooks, equipment the equipment is ready to leave the shop, rec-
records, and any other appropriate paperwork ords should be returned to the administrative sec-
should accompany the equipment through the tion for processing and closing. When returning
shop during its various phases of maintenance. equipment to the owning unit, the person receiv-
The ERO and other equipment records required ing it must ensure that all records delivered with
for the performance and recording of main- the equipment are returned and complete.

(reverse blank)
Appendix B

Marine Corps Integrated Maintenance

Management System and the Field
Maintenance Subsystem

The Marine Corps Integrated Maintenance Man- Georgia and the other at Barstow, California. The
agement System is an automated management Depot Maintenance Subsystem provides materiel
system. Operating force commanders and sup- and production control information and cost and
porting establishment commanders use MIMMS labor accounting information.
to perform Marine Corps ground equipment
maintenance. It is organized into three subsys-
tems: the Headquarters Maintenance Subsystem, 3. Field Maintenance Subsystem
the Depot Maintenance Subsystem, and the Field
Maintenance Subsystem. The Field Maintenance Subsystem was developed
to improve and standardize equipment status re-
porting and management, while reducing and con-
1. Headquarters Maintenance solidating manual reporting requirements. It
Subsystem provides operating force commanders with timely
and accurate information concerning the status of
The Headquarters Maintenance Subsystem sup- equipment currently in the maintenance cycle.
ports commodity managers at Headquarters This system provides for the reporting of active
Marine Corps. It allows commodity managers maintenance and repair parts information, produc-
(i.e., motor transport, communications-electron- tion of selected SASSY transactions, collection of
ics, engineer, and ordnance) to enter standard historical costs, and tracking of maintenance engi-
data into the Marine Corps Integrated Mainte- neering and modification control information. Re-
nance Management System and to maintain a data ports and listings are generated from information
base of selected maintenance information. The generated by the Field Maintenance Subsystem on
Headquarters Maintenance Subsystem data base is both a scheduled and nonscheduled basis. See UM
comprised of information extracted from the Field 4790-5, MIMMS Automated Information System
Maintenance Subsystem. It facilitates selective Field Maintenance Procedures, for user
maintenance engineering analysis, logistic readi- instructions.
ness evaluation, and maintenance management for
specified functions required by the Headquarters a. Input Sources
Maintenance Subsystem user. The Field Maintenance Subsystem receives input
primarily from two source documents: NAVMC
Form 10245, Equipment Repair Order and
2. Depot Maintenance Subsystem NAVMC Form 10925, ERO Shopping/Transac-
tion List. NAVMC Form 10245 is commonly re-
The Depot Maintenance Subsystem supports the ferred to as the ERO, and NAVMC Form 10925
materiel functions of the two Marine Corps depot is commonly referred to as the ERO Shopping
maintenance activities: one located at Albany, List (EROSL).
B-2 MCWP 4-24

The ERO is used for all maintenance actions ap- maintenance ship performance using Field Mainte-
plied beyond the first echelon. Maintenance per- nance Subsystem output reports, and training per-
formed and requests for higher echelons of sonnel in all aspects of Field Maintenance
maintenance are recorded on the ERO. Subsystem operations.

The EROSL, often referred to as a shopping list, The FSSG’s information systems coordinator
is used to requisition, receipt for, cancel, and re- sponsors and coordinates Field Maintenance Sub-
cord partial issues and credits of repair parts and systems operations within a Marine expeditionary
secondary reparable items associated with equip- force. The information systems coordinator coor-
ment being repaired. It also serves as an excellent dinates and disseminates system changes or direc-
source document for unit supply input and pro- tives from higher headquarters; consolidates
vides a method for processing unit maintenance system changes, modification requests, and impact
input to the Field Maintenance Subsystem. statements from adjacent major commands to
higher headquarters; coordinates the schedule for
The ERO and EROSL are completed by mainte- submission/dissemination of daily input and out-
nance and supply personnel at the using unit and put reports; and prepares work requests for all
by the activity repairing the equipment. At the update cycles and reports.
battalion level, the appropriate maintenance shop
(e.g; motor transport, armory) or the supply sec-
tion completes the ERO and EROSL. Within the 4. Reports
force service support group, the appropriate
equipment maintenance company of the mainte- Report information is based on the input provided
nance battalion completes the ERO and EROSL. by technicians at the working level. Therefore,
TM 4700-15/1 contains instructions for complet- commanders must ensure that personnel are
ing both forms. trained, guided, and motivated to perform their
jobs effectively and to report relevant information.
b. Input to the Data Base These reports are used in two critical activities:
Each battalion inputs data into the data base. validation of requisitions and reconciliation of
Maintenance and supply information are con- readiness, maintenance, and supply reports. Vali-
verted into the appropriate input transaction type dation involves confirming that repair parts on or-
and transmitted to the supporting automated serv- der are still needed, and that cancellations,
ices center for entry into the Field Maintenance receipts, scrounges, and current statuses are prop-
Subsystem data base. The conversion is accom- erly reflected. Reconciliation of information
plished using source data automation equipment. among maintenance, supply, and readiness reports
Transactions are verified on machine media and is accomplished by the maintenance management
transferred to the automated services center for officer in concert with commodity and supply rep-
storage and production of Field Maintenance Sub- resentatives. Reconciliation is the means to moni-
system reports. tor the status of mission-essential deadlined
equipment and to identify any recurring errors or
c. Data Base Output trends in maintenance or requisitioning proce-
dures that could result in delay. While not all in-
Maintenance management officers at all levels are clusive, the following is a list of reports essential
responsible to their commanders for all aspects of to managing the maintenance effort:
their unit’s maintenance programs, which includes
Field Maintenance Subsystem operations. Their
Daily Process Report.
duties include establishing and disseminating pro-
cedures for the submission of information and the Field Maintenance Production Report.
dissemination of output reports, evaluating MIMMS LM2 Unit Report.
Maintenance Operations B-3

Weekly Maintenance Exception Report. TAM report is used to identify unfavorable trends
Weekly Materiel Report. in equipment defects, priority assignments, job
status, days deadlined, and days in shop. The
Weekly Owning Unit Maintenance TAM Re-
TAM report also provides ERO information from
the intermediate maintenance level to determine
current status of equipment that was evacuated to
a. Weekly Maintenance Exception a higher echelon for repair.
The Weekly Maintenance Exception Report is an c. Daily Process Report
effective tool that provides a summary of pending The Daily Process Report is used predominantly
supply and maintenance items and identifies dis- by leaders of organizational maintenance sections.
crepancies. A weekly comparison of two or three The Daily Process Report contains complete
consecutive reports can help determine procedural maintenance and repair parts information regard-
problems, developing trends, and aid in determin- ing each ERO opened by a section. Section heads
ing corrective action. Report information is use the Daily Process Report to track equipment
printed in narrative form and is very easy to repair performed by the respective unit repair
comprehend. ships.

b. Weekly Owning Unit Maintenance The Daily Process Report provides a presentation
TAM Report of both supply and maintenance data. The shop
The Weekly Owning Unit Maintenance TAM Re- chief generally uses the information in day-to- day
port, commonly referred to as the TAM report, operation. It is useful in the conduct of periodic,
provides the specific repair status of individual informal inspections to identify work stoppages
pieces of equipment within a unit’s maintenance and delays, outstanding parts requisition, disa-
cycle. This report is produced weekly in table of greements between maintenance and repair parts
authorized number sequence. It includes active priorities, added parts, and parts needed for dead-
EROs at intermediate and organizational main- lined equipment.
tenance activities and the latest job status. The

(reverse blank)
B-4 MCWP 4-24
Maintenance Operations B-5
B-6 MCWP 4-24
Maintenance Operations B-7
B-8 MCWP 4-24
Maintenance Operations B-9
B-10 MCWP 4-24
Appendix C

Maintenance Directives,
Technical Manuals, and Stock Lists

The Marine Corps establishes maintenance guide- maintained to ensure the effective perform-
lines so that all commanders can comply with pro- ance of mission requirements.
curement regulations and perform required The categories and echelons of maintenance
equipment maintenance. These guidelines are set to be performed are assigned to specific
forth in directives that establish maintenance levels of command as determined by the mis-
goals. These directives can contain broad guid- sion and resources assigned. This main-
ance or very specific instructions. Equipment tenance authority is prescribed in the unit’s
technical manuals and Marine Corps stock lists table of organization logistic capabilities
support these directives. This appendix introduces statement. Standard ground equipment poli-
some of the more widely used maintenance cies and procedures are followed at all levels
resources. of command, for all equipment commodity
areas, and all echelons of maintenance
throughout the Marine Corps. Maintenance
1. Basic Maintenance Directives and maintenance management procedures
and Policies and systems used when the unit is deployed
will not differ from those used in a garrison
There are numerous directives that provide poli- environment.
cies and procedures for every level of authorized Repairs are performed at the lowest, author-
maintenance required for MAGTF equipment. It ized echelon of maintenance and as far for-
is essential that all commanders and their staffs be ward as possible to enhance the tactical
aware of basic directives and key policies that ap- situation. The evacuation of equipment re-
ply to their organization. duces combat and combat support strength.
Evacuation to a higher echelon of mainte-
a. The Marine Corps Manual nance is accomplished only after prescribed
The Marine Corps Manual is the capstone publi- fault diagnosis and isolation has been accom-
cation for policy statements issued by the Com- plished at the previous echelon of mainte-
mandant of the Marine Corps. It contains policies nance. Each echelon is authorized to perform
that supplement naval regulations established by lower echelon repair operation.
the Secretary of the Navy. The guidance con- Marine Corps equipment is modified only as
tained in The Marine Corps Manual is very broad directed or approved by the Commandant of
and it is amplified by other Marine Corps publica- the Marine Corps.
tions. The manual’s section devoted to mainte- Commanders order periodic inspections of
nance has five basic policies that commanders their materiel. The scope of the inspection
should be familiar with— shall conform generally to the authorized
echelon of maintenance. They must include a
Maintenance is a command responsibility. schedule of technical inspections that cover
Therefore, commanders are responsible for all pertinent areas performed by qualified
ensuring that assigned equipment is properly personnel.
C-2 MCWP 4-24

b. MCO P4790.2 that supports the maintenance effort at all eche-

MCO P4790.2, MIMMS Field Procedures Man- lons. The commander and maintenance manage-
ual, provides MAGTF units with a comprehensive ment officer ensure that an effective publication
guide for the standardized management of ground control program is established (see MCO P4790.2
equipment maintenance. It sets forth detailed for guidance). It is the unit commander’s respon-
maintenance functions and responsibilities and es- sibility to ensure that current maintenance publica-
tablishes procedures for the full implementation of tions are on-hand and used.
MIMMS. MCO P4790.2 also amplifies the broad
policies contained in other directives such as the a. TM 4700-15/1
Marine Corps Manual.
TM 4700-15/1, Ground Equipment Record Pro-
cedures, establishes uniform recordkeeping proce-
There are two important policies in MCO
dures to record and account for maintenance
P4790.2 that commanders and their staffs must be
performed on ground equipment. Recordkeeping
aware of.
procedures include the preparation, use, and dis-
First, commanders at major subordinate com- position of required forms and records associated
mands, including detached or separate commands, with the receipt, transfer, use, maintenance, re-
authorized second echelon or higher maintenance pair, and disposal of all Marine Corps tactical
capabilities for more than one commodity area equipment. Information is arranged into separate
shall publish maintenance management standing chapters for each type of equipment: commu-
operating procedures except when maintenance nications-electronic, motor transport, engineer,
procedures are adequately covered in the major and ordnance. This manual is an excellent refer-
subordinate command’s maintenance management ence for commanders and their staffs to use when
SOP. In such cases, the major subordinate com- spot checking the reported condition of unit
mand’s maintenance management SOP may be equipment and the maintenance commodity sup-
used in lieu of a unit standing operating proce- port procedures.
dure. The instructions contained in the com-
mand’s maintenance management SOP need not b. Equipment Technical Manuals
contain all subordinate unit functions; however,
Equipment technical manuals provide instructions
they will be clear, completely applicable at the
unit level, and sufficiently detailed to ensure each for the performance of authorized maintenance on
subordinate unit can perform its maintenance specific equipment for each category of mainte-
mission. nance. Technical manuals are published by the
Service that is designated as the item manager of
Second, commands, to include detached or sepa- a particular piece of equipment. For example, TM
rate commands, authorized a second echelon or 9-1025-211-10 is the operator’s manual for the
higher maintenance capability for more than one howitzer medium, towed, 155mm, M198 and is
commodity area will assign an officer or staff non- published by the U.S. Army (the item manager for
commissioned officer as the maintenance manage- artillery weapons). TM 08594A-10/2 is the opera-
ment officer. The appointment must be in writing tor’s manual for the light armored vehi- cle-25
and emphasize the significance of the maintenance and is published by the Marine Corps (its item
management officer’s duties. manager). Regardless of the publisher, technical
manuals are available from the Commanding Gen-
eral, Marine Corps Logistics Base, Albany,
2. Technical Manuals Georgia.

Mechanics should use the applicable technical Each part of an equipment technical manual is
manual to ensure that inspection and repair proce- identified by a basic number that identifies the
dures are effectively applied. The Marine Corps type of equipment and the echelon of mainte-
has a comprehensive technical publication system nance. For example, in the M198 howitzer series
Maintenance Operations C-3

TM 9-1025-211-10, TM 9-1025-211-20, and echelon may be so limited or so similar that pub-

TM 9-1025-211-34 exist as technical manuals: lishing separate parts as individual technical
manuals are not necessary. For example, the
The first eight digits (9-1025-211) identify M198 howitzer has one technical manual that ad-
the type of equipment (howitzer, medium, dresses two echelons of maintenance (TM
towed, 155mm, M198). 9-1025-211-34).
The -10 identifies the manual as the 1st eche-
lon, operator/crew instructions. (4) Lubrication Instruction and Lubrication
Order. Lubrication instructions and lubrication
The -20 identifies the manual as 2d echelon orders furnish technical information and instruc-
maintenance instructions. tions on the service, lubrication, and other related
The -34 identifies the manual as 3d and 4th preventive maintenance checks and services re-
echelon maintenance instructions. quired for equipment or material. A lubrication in-
struction, also identified as an lubrication order
Technical manuals that end with the letter “P” are (depending on the Service sponsor), prescribes
parts manuals. Technical manuals are published in equipment lubrication instructions, describes
five parts to facilitate distribution and use. These proper lubricants, establishes required intervals
parts are discussed below. and explains lubrication maintenance. The differ-
ence between the lubrication instruction and the
(1) Operator/Crew Manual (-10). This part of lubrication order is that the lubrication instruction
an equipment technical manual contains operation applies to Marine Corps-sponsored equipment
and maintenance instructions for the operator or (Marine Corps-peculiar equipment) and the lubri-
crew. It is also known as the “ten” manual be- cation order applies to equipment sponsored by
cause its technical manual number has the suffix another Service. For example, a lubrication in-
-10. The operator technical manual instructs the struction exists for a D7G tractor that is spon-
operator/crew on how to shoot, move, and main- sored by the Marine Corps and a lubrication order
tain a specific item of equipment. It usually out- exists for a 5-ton M939 truck that is sponsored by
lines before, during, and after maintenance the Army.
services performed on the equipment, both daily
and periodic maintenance requirements. Operator (5) Modification Instruction. Many items re-
and crew technical manuals should be kept on the quire modifications to improve safety and/or op-
equipment when it is dispatched to provide ready erating characteristics. When a modification is
access by the operator. required, the Marine Corps issues a publication
known as a modification instruction.
(2) Organizational Maintenance Manual (-20).
This is the second part within the technical manual (6) Technical Instruction. Technical instruc-
series for a given item of equipment. This techni- tions provide technical information on equipment,
cal manual provides instructions for second eche- materiel, and programs. For example, TI
lon maintenance personnel. It provides mechanics 4710-14/1 provides technical instruction for the
and technicians with step-by-step procedures for replacement or evacuation of Marine Corps
troubleshooting and repairing equip- ment mal- ground equipment or TI 4731-14/1 provides tech-
functions. It also contains guidelines for the per- nical instruction on a particular oil program.
formance of second echelon preventive
maintenance services.
3. Marine Corps Stock Lists
(3) Intermediate/Depot Manuals (-30, -40,
-50). Third, fourth, and fifth echelon maintenance Stock lists provide all levels of Marine Corps sup-
in- structions are contained in specific technical ply and maintenance operations with essential, up-
manuals and designed with the suffix -30,-40, or to-date information for Marine Corps-managed
-50, respectively. The instructions for each items.
C-4 MCWP 4-24

a. SL-1-2 SMR code to identify whether the component,

The SL-1-2 identifies technical publications re- when defective, is to be turned in to a mainte-
quired to support a unit’s assigned equipment. It nance support facility for second echelon repair or
lists publications for each piece of equipment. It replaced at the first echelon maintenance level.
provides the publication’s number, current date,
and any changes that have been issued. Com- d. SL-4
manders use the SL-1-2 to ensure that their units The SL-4 conveys supply and maintenance infor-
have the required, up-to-date technical publica- mation to unit maintenance personnel. It lists the
tions on-hand. repair parts that apply to an end item, component,
or major assembly requiring maintenance and sup-
b. SL-1-3 ply support. The SL-4 provides national stock
The SL-1-3 lists all current and superseded publi- numbers for ordering parts, graphic presentation
cations by their publication control number and by of each part for easy identification, unit of issue
their short title (e.g., MCDP 1). The SL-1-3 also (measurements by which the item is dispensed;
provides amplifying information needed to order e.g., each, feet, pounds), quantity of repair part
and maintain a unit’s publication library. This in- being applied to the end item, and SMR code.
cludes general subject publications that may not
The SMR code provides important information to
be listed in the SL-1-2.
maintenance personnel. It identifies the lowest
echelon of maintenance authorized to remove
c. SL-3 and/or install a part and to perform the complete
The SL-3 provides component listings for every repair of that part. Commanders should occasion-
end item. It identifies the national stock number; ally question maintenance personnel concerning
quantity; unit of issue; and source, maintenance, their use of the SMR code to demonstrate interest
and recoverability code (SMR). The SL-3 also in unit maintenance operations, to determine their
identifies if an item is an actual component of the maintenance personnel’s knowledge in prescribed
end item or if the using unit provides the item that procedures, and to determine if training deficien-
is to be used with the end item. Operators, use the cies exist.
Maintenance Operations C-5
Appendix D


Section I. Acronyms and Abbreviations

CSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . combat service support MCRP . . . . . . Marine Corps reference publication

CSSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . combat service support area MCWP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marine Corps warfighting
CSSD . . . . . . combat service support detachment publication
CSSE . . . . . . . . . . combat service support element MIMMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marine Integrated
Maintenance Management System
ERO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . equipment repair order MSSG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MEU service support group
EROSL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . equipment repair order
shopping/transaction list NAVMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Navy/Marine Corps
NAVSEAOP . . . . . Naval Sea Systems Command
FAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . force activity designator operating procedures
FCSSA . . . . . . . force combat service support area
FM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . field manual OPNAVINST . . . . . . . . . . . . Office of the Chief of
FMFM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fleet Marine Force manual Naval Operations instruction
FMFRP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fleet Marine Force
reference publication PLMS . . . . . . . Marine Corps Publications Library
FMSS . . . . . . . . . . . . Field Maintenance Subsystem Management System
FSSG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . force service support group PMCS . . . . . . . . . . preventive maintenance checks
and services
HQMC . . . . . . . Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps
SASSY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supported Activities
LFSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . landing force support party Supply System
LI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . lubrication instruction SL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . stock list
LO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . lubrication order SMR . . . source, maintenance, and recoverability
LZSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . landing zone support area SOP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . standing operating procedure

MAGTF . . . . . . . . . . . Marine air-ground task force TAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . table of authorized materiel

MAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mechanized allowance list T/E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . table of equipment
MCBul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marine Corps bulletin TI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . technical instruction
MCDP . . . . . Marine Corps Doctrinal Publication TM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . technical manual
MCGERR . . . . . Marine Corps ground equipment TMDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . test, measurement,
resource reporting and diagnostic equipment
MCO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marine Corps Order T/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . table of organization
MCPDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marine Corps Publications
Distribution System UM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . users manual
D-2 MCWP 4-24

Section II. Definitions

A CEE items are identified by table of au- thorized

materiel control number in an enclosure to the
assembly—In logistics, an item forming a portion Marine Corps Bulletin in the 3000 series. (MCO
of an equipment, that can be provisioned and re- 3000.11)
placed as an entity and which normally incorpo-
rates replaceable parts or groups of parts. See combat service support—The essential capabili-
part; subassembly. (Joint Pub 1-02) ties, functions, activities, and tasks necessary to
sustain all elements of operating forces in theater
B at all levels of war. Within the national and theater
logistic systems, it includes but is not limited to
back order—The quantity of an item requisi- that support rendered by service forces in ensur-
tioned by ordering activities that is not immedi- ing the aspects of supply, maintenance, transpor-
ately available for issue but is recorded as a stock tation, health services, and other services required
commitment for future issue. (Joint Pub 1-02) by aviation and ground combat troops to permit
those units to accomplish their missions in com-
C bat. Combat service support encompasses those
activities at all levels of war that produce sustain-
cannibalize—To remove serviceable parts from ment to all operating forces on the battlefield.
one item of equipment in order to install them on (Joint Pub 1-02)
another item of equipment. (Joint Pub 1-02)
combat service support area—An area ashore
collateral equipment—The equipment consisting that is organized to contain the necessary sup-
of secondary items which are functionally related plies, equipment, installations, and elements to
to an end item, but are not considered a part of provide the landing force with combat service
them. The materiel is identified in the SL-3 (stock
support throughout the operation. (Joint Pub
list) for the end item under the headings; supply
system responsibility, using unit responsibility,
and collateral materiel. An end item is considered
complete only when the total quantity of items combat service support elements—Those ele-
shown in the SL-3 are on hand. Repair parts, ments whose primary missions are to provide
spare parts, and components are not considered service support to combat forces and which are a
collateral equipment. (MCO P4790.2) part, or prepared to become a part, of a theater,
command, or task force formed for combat opera-
combat essential equipment (CEE)—Items des- tions. (Joint Pub 1-02)
ignated as CEE or pacing items that are of such
importance that they are subject to continuous commodity area—A grouping or range of items
monitoring and management at all levels of com- which possess similar characteristics, have similar
mand. Items eligible for nomination as CEE items applications, and are susceptible to similar logis-
must be listed in the JCS Major Equipment File. tics management methods. The commodity areas
This file is maintained by the CMC (Code POC). in use in the Marine Corps and table of authorized
Maintenance Operations D-3

materiel control number (TAMCN) commodity technical assistance and performing that mainte-
designators are as follows: nance beyond their responsibility. Depot mainte-
(1) . . . . . Communications-Electronics (C&E). nance provides stocks of serviceable equipment
A, H, and T. by using more extensive facilities for repair than
(2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Engineer (Eng). B, K, and U. are available in lower level maintenance activities.
(3) . . . . Motor Transport (MT). D, M, and W. (Joint Pub 1-02)
(4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ordnance (Ord). E, N, and X.
(5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Garrison Mobile Equipment desk top procedures—Usually a file folder or
(GME). G. loose-leaf binder of instructions, procedures, ref-
(6) . . . . . . . . General Supply (GS). C, K, and V. erences, and notes pertaining to the everyday du-
(7) . . . . . Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (NBC). ties and operations of a personnel billet. Desk top
NBC equipment carries Eng, C&E, procedures should standardize requirements, ac-
and GS commodity designators. tions, and record keeping. See turnover folder.
(MCO P4790.2) (MCO P4790.2)

component (materiel)—An assembly or any direct support (DOD)—A mission requiring a

combination of parts, subassemblies, and assem- force to support another specific force and
blies mounted together in manufacture, assembly, authorizing it to answer directly the supported
maintenance, or rebuild. (Joint Pub 1-02) force’s request for assistance. (Joint Pub 1-02)

corrective maintenance—Maintenance actions E

carried out to restore a defective item to a speci-
fied condition. (Joint Pub 1-02, NATO defini- end item (DOD)—A final combination of end
tion) products, component parts, and/or materials that
is ready for its intended use, e.g., ship, tank, mo-
bile machine shop, aircraft. (Joint Pub 1-02)
corrosion—The deterioration of a material, usu-
ally a metal, because of a reaction with the imme-
ERO parts bin (layette)—An area where the
diate environment. (MCO 4796.2C)
parts ordered on an EROSL for an ERO are
stored waiting to be placed on the equipment. The
D area can be a shelf or a box or something similar.
All parts for the same ERO are kept together in
deadline—To remove a vehicle or piece of equip- the same bin, the location of which is normally in-
ment from operation or use for one of the follow- dicated by the ERO number. The parts are also
ing reasons: a. is inoperative due to damage, tagged/marked with the applicable ERO number.
malfunctioning, or necessary repairs. The term (MCO P4790.2)
does not include items temporarily removed from
use by reason of routine maintenance, and repairs evacuation—1. The controlled process of col-
that do not affect the combat capability of the lecting, classifying, and shipping unserviceable or
item; b. is unsafe; and c. would be damaged by abandoned materiel, United States and foreign, to
further use. (Joint Pub 1-02) appropriate reclamation, maintenance, technical
intelligence, or disposal facilities. (Joint Pub 1-02)
depot maintenance—That maintenance per- 2. evacuation—A controlled process of moving
formed on materiel requiring major overhaul or a equipment which cannot be repaired, modified,
complete rebuild of parts, assemblies, subassem- serviced, or utilized by the owner to the organiza-
blies, and end-items, including the manufacture of tion which can effect the necessary equipment
parts, modifications, testing, and reclamation as maintenance or redistribute the equipment to an-
required. Depot maintenance serves to support other user or storage/disposal facility. (MCO
lower categories of maintenance by providing P4790.2)
D-4 MCWP 4-24

F organization assigned management responsibility

for one or more specific items of materiel. (Joint
Fleet Marine Force (DOD)—A balanced force Pub 1-02)
of combined arms comprising land, air, and serv-
ice elements of the U.S. Marine Corps. A Fleet J
Marine Force is an integral part of a U.S. Fleet
and has the status of a type command. (Joint Pub joint—Connotes activities, operations, organiza-
1-02) tions, etc., in which elements of two or more Mili-
tary Departments participate. (Joint Pub 1-02)
float (maintenance)—Components of equipment
authorized for stockage at installations or activi- L
ties for replacement of unserviceable items of
equipment when immediate repair of unservice- limited technical inspection (LTI)—Equipment
able equipment cannot be accomplished at the or- inspections that are limited in scope and objective.
ganic level of maintenance. (MCO P4400.150) LTIs are generally directed at inspecting equip-
ment conditions to determine the extent and level
G of maintenance required to restore it to a specified
condition or to check for serviceability status.
general support—That support which is given to (MCO P4790.2)
the supported force as a whole and not to any
particular subdivision thereof. (Joint Pub 1-02) logistics—The science of planning and carrying
out the movement and maintenance of forces. In
H its most comprehensive sense, those aspects of
military operations which deal with: a. design and
host nation support—Civil and/or military assis- development, acquisition, storage, movement, dis-
tance rendered by a nation to foreign forces tribution, maintenance, evacuation, and disposi-
within its territory during peacetime, crises or tion of materiel; b. movement, evacuation, and
emergencies, or war based on agreements mutu- hospitalization of personnel; c. acquisition or con-
ally concluded between nations. (Joint Pub 1-02) struction, maintenance, operation, and disposition
of facilities; and d. acquisition or furnishing of
I services. (Joint Pub 1-02)

in support of—Assisting or protecting another M

formation, unit, or organization while remaining
under original control. (Joint Pub 1-02) maintenance area—A general locality in which
are grouped a number of maintenance activities
intermediate maintenance (field)—That for the purpose of retaining or restoring materiel
maintenance which is the responsibility of and to a serviceable condition. (Joint Pub 1-02)
performed by designated maintenance activities
for direct support of using organizations. Its maintenance categories/echelons—The subdivi-
phases normally consist of a. calibration, repair, sions of maintenance which permit the assignment
or replacement of damaged or unserviceable of maintenance responsibility to various levels
parts, components, or assemblies; b. the emer- within units/organizations. The categories of
gency manufacture of nonavailable parts; and c. maintenance and corresponding echelons of main-
providing technical assistance to using organiza- tenance are as follows: organizational (first and
tions. (Joint Pub 1-02) second echelons), intermediate (third and fourth
echelons), and depot (fifth echelon). (MCO
item manager—An individual within the organi- P4790.2)
zation of an inventory control point or other such
Maintenance Operations D-5

maintenance cycle time—That period of time command and structured to accomplish a specific
during which equipment is inoperative and re- mission. The Marine air-ground task force
quires repair. (MCO P4790.2) (MAGTF) components will normally include
command, aviation combat, ground combat, and
maintenance management—The retention or combat service support elements (including Navy
restoration of materiel to a serviceable condition Support Elements). Three types of Marine air-
through the efforts of other people. (MCO ground task forces which can be task organized
P4790.2) are the Marine expeditionary unit, Marine ex- pe-
ditionary force and special purpose Marine air-
maintenance management officer (MMO)— ground task force. The four elements of a Marine
An officer designated to perform the general du- air-ground task force are: a. command element
ties of a special staff officer under the staff cogni- (CE)—The MAGTF headquarters. The CE is a
zance of the G/S-4 and is the primary point of permanent organization composed of the com-
contact in maintenance management matters. mander, general or executive and special staff sec-
(MCO P4790.2) tions, headquarters section, and requisite
communications and service support facilities.
maintenance (materiel)—1. All action taken to The CE provides command, control, and coordi-
retain materiel in a serviceable condition or to re- nation essential for effective planning and execu-
store it to serviceability. It includes inspection, tion of operations by the other three elements of
testing, servicing, classification as to serviceabil- the MAGTF. There is only one CE in a MAGTF.
ity, repair, rebuilding, and reclamation. 2. All sup- b. aviation combat element (ACE)—The
ply and repair action taken to keep a force in MAGTF element that is task organized to provide
condition to carry out its mission. 3. The routine all or a portion of the functions of Marine Corps
recurring work required to keep a facility (plant, aviation in varying degrees based on the tactical
building, structure, ground facility, utility system, situation and the MAGTF mission and size. These
or other real property) in such condition that it functions are air reconnaissance, antiair warfare,
may be continuously used, at its original or de- assault support, offensive air support, electronic
signed capacity and efficiency for its intended pur- warfare, and control of aircraft and missiles. The
pose. (Joint Pub 1-02) ACE is organized around an aviation head-
quarters and varies in size from a reinforced heli-
maintenance resources—Maintenance resources copter squadron to one or more Marine aircraft
include: time, personnel, repair parts, tools and wing(s). It includes those aviation command (in-
equipment, facilities, funds, and publications. cluding air control agencies), combat, combat
(MCO P4790.2) support, and combat service support units re-
quired by the situation. Normally, there is only
maintenance status—1. A nonoperating condi- one ACE in a MAGTF. c. ground combat ele-
tion, deliberately imposed, with adequate person- ment (GCE)—The MAGTF element that is task
nel to maintain and preserve installations, organized to conduct ground operations. The
materiel, and facilities in such a condition that GCE is constructed around an infantry unit and
they may be readily restored to operable condition varies in size from a reinforced infantry battalion
in a minimum time by the assignment of additional to one or more reinforced Marine division(s). The
personnel and without extensive repair or over- GCE also includes appropriate combat support
haul. 2. That condition of materiel which is in and combat service support units. Normally, there
fact, or is administratively classified as, unservice- is only one GCE in a MAGTF. d. combat service
able, pending completion of required servicing or support element (CSSE)—The MAGTF element
repairs. (Joint Pub 1-02) that is task organized to provide the full range of
combat service support necessary to accomplish
Marine air-ground task force—A task organ- the MAGTF mission. CSSE can provide supply,
ization of Marine forces (division, aircraft wing maintenance, transportation, deliberate engineer,
and service support groups) under a single health, postal, disbursing, enemy prisoner of war,
D-6 MCWP 4-24

automated information systems, exchange, utili- operation conditions may be disseminated by

ties, legal, and graves registration services. The message. (MCO P4790.2)
CSSE varies in size from a Marine expeditionary
unit (MEU) service support group (MSSG) to a N
force service support group (FSSG). Normally,
there is only one combat service support element National Stock Number—The 13-digit stock
in a MAGTF. (Joint Pub 1-02) number replacing the 11-digit Federal Stock
Number. It consists of the 4-digit Federal Supply
maritime prepositioning force—A task organi- Classification code and the 9-digit National Item
zation of units under one commander formed for Identification Number. The National Item Identifi-
the purpose of introducing a MAGTF and its as- cation Number consists of a 2-digit National
sociated equipment and supplies into a secure Codification Bureau number designating the cen-
area. The MPF is composed of a command ele- tral cataloging office of the NATO or other
ment, a maritime prepositioning ships squadron, a friendly country which assigned the number and a
MAGTF, and a Navy support element. (FMFRP 7-digit (xxx-xxxx) nonsignificant number. The
0-14) number shall be arranged as follows:
9999-00-999-9999. (Joint Pub 1-02)
modification; equipment—Consists of those
maintenance actions performed to change the de- nonreparable items—Items which, after a period
sign or assembly characteristics of equipment sys- of use, cannot be economically restored to a serv-
tems, end items, assemblies, subassemblies, or iceable condition (usually expendable types of
parts in order to improve equipment functioning, supplies and materiel). (MCO P4400.150)
maintainability, reliability, and/or safety character-
istics. Requirements and step-by-step procedures O
for accomplishment are published as Modification
Instructions (MI). MIs are designated as either ur- on hand—The quantity of an item that is physi-
gent or normal depending on the nature of the cally available in a storage location and contained
modification (MCO P4790.2) in the accountable property book records of an is-
suing activity. (Joint Pub 1-02)
modification; normal—A type of equipment
modification accomplished according to a plan- operational logistics—Operational logistics ad-
ned schedule which involves the alteration of an dresses sustainment within a military theater of
item to correct or improve its design, functioning, operations. It connects the logistic efforts of the
and maintainability. Normal modification instruc- strategic level with those of the tactical level. . . .
tions establish an effective date from which an ac- It makes them available in sufficient quantities to
tivity has one year to complete the modification. the tactical commander to support the concept of
Normal modification requirements generally do operations. Operational logistics involves those
not resist the operating conditions of the item of support activities required to sustain campaigns
equipment. (MCO P4790.2) and major operations. It normally encompasses
three tasks: providing resources to the tactical
modification; urgent—A type of equipment commanders, procuring resources not provided by
modification required to prevent death or serious strategic logistics, and managing the resources
injury to personnel, prevent major damage to necessary to sustain the campaign in accordance
equipment, or make changes which are considered with the intent of the operational-level com-
so essential to equipment that their application mander. (MCDP 4)
must be accomplished at the earliest possible time.
Urgent Modification Instructions specify a re- operational readiness—The capability of a unit/
quired completion date and may contain restric- formation, ship, weapon system or equipment to
tive operating conditions. Instructions restricting perform the missions or functions for which it is
organized or designed. May be used in a general
Maintenance Operations D-7

sense or to express a level or degree of readiness. either before they occur or before they develop
(Joint Pub 1-02) into major defects. (Joint Pub 1-02)

operational readiness float—A pool of mission- principal items—End items and replacement as-
essential, maintenance significant end items used semblies of such importance that management
to provide replacement items for unserviceable, techniques require centralized individual item
reparable end items which cannot be repaired in management throughout the supply system, to in-
time to meet an operational commitment. clude depot level, base level, and items in the
(FMFRP 0-14) hands of using units. These specifically include the
items where, in the judgment of the Services,
organizational maintenance—That maintenance there is a need for central inventory control, in-
which is the responsibility of and performed by a cluding centralized computation of requirements,
using organization on its assigned equipment. Its central procurement, central direction of distribu-
phases normally consist of inspecting, servicing, tion, and central knowledge and control of all as-
lubricating, adjusting, and the replacing of parts, sets owned by the Services. (Joint Pub 1-02)
minor assemblies, and subassemblies. (Joint Pub
1-02) principal end item—A Marine Corps-unique
term synonymous with principal item. (MCO
overhaul—The restoration of an item to a com- P4400.150)
pletely serviceable condition as prescribed by
maintenance serviceability standards. See rebuild; R
repair. (Joint Pub 1-02)
rebuild—The restoration of an item to a standard
P as nearly as possible to its original condition in
appearance, performance, and life expectancy.
part—An item forming part of an assembly or See overhaul; repair. (Joint Pub 1-02)
subassembly, which is not normally further broken
down. (Joint Pub 1-02, NATO definition) recoverable item—An item which normally is not
consumed in use and is subject to return for repair
part number—A combination of numbers, let- or disposal. (Joint Pub 1-02)
ters, and symbols assigned by a designer, a manu-
facturer, or vendor to identify a specific part or recoverable item program—The program that
item of materiel. (Joint Pub 1-02) establishes policy and procedures for the recov-
ery, reporting, and management of recoverable
petroleum, oils, and lubricants—A broad term
items which cannot be repaired within the re-
which includes all petroleum and associated prod-
ucts used by the Armed Forces. Also called POL. sources available to the field commander, become
(Joint Pub 1-02) excess to a command’s allowances, or which are
beyond economical repair and require disposal.
pre-expended bin—Low-cost, fast-moving con-
sumables held by maintenance shops that are re- repair—The restoration of an item to serviceable
plenished on a recurring basis and expended upon condition through correction of a specific failure
issue from the consumer inventory. (MCO or unserviceable condition. See overhaul; re-
P4400.150) build. (Joint Pub 1-02)

preventive maintenance—The care and servic- repair cycle—The stages through which a
ing by personnel for the purpose of maintaining reparable item passes from the time of its removal
equipment and facilities in satisfactory operating or replacement until it is reinstalled or placed in
condition by providing for systematic inspection, stock in a serviceable condition. (Joint Pub 1-02)
detection, and correction of incipient failures
D-8 MCWP 4-24

reparable item—An item that can be recondi- subassembly—In logistics, a portion of an as-
tioned or economically repaired for reuse when it sembly, consisting of two or more parts, that can
becomes unserviceable. See recoverable item. be provisioned and replaced as an entity. See as-
(Joint Pub 1-02) sembly; component; part. (Joint Pub 1-02)

requisition—1. An authoritative demand or re- supplies—In logistics, all materiel and items used
quest especially for personnel, supplies, or serv- in the equipment, support, and maintenance of
ices authorized but not made available without military forces. (Joint Pub 1-02)
specific request. 2. To demand or require services
from an invaded or conquered nation. (Joint Pub supply—The procurement, distribution, mainte-
1-02) nance while in storage, and salvage of supplies,
including the determination of kind and quantity
of supplies. a. producer phase—That phase of
military supply which extends from deter-
salvage—1. Property that has some value in ex-
cess of its basic material content but which is in mination of procurement schedules to accep-
such condition that it has no reasonable prospect tance of finished supplies by the Military Services.
of use for any purpose as a unit and its repair or b. consumer phase—That phase of military sup-
rehabilitation for use as a unit is clearly impracti- ply which extends from receipt of finished sup-
cal. 2. The saving or rescuing of condemned, dis- plies by the Military Services through issue for
carded, or abandoned property, and of materials use or consumption. (Joint Pub 1-02)
contained therein for reuse, refabrication, or
scrapping. (Joint Pub 1-02) T

scheduled maintenance—Periodic prescribed in- table of authorized materiel (NAVMC 1017)—

spection and/or servicing of equipment accom- A source document of information for logistics
plished on a calendar, mileage, or hours of planning with respect to selected materiel author-
operation basis. See organizational mainte- ized for use by organizations, activities, and de-
nance. (Joint Pub 1-02) tachments of the Marine Corps, both regular and
reserve. Items listed in the table of authorized ma-
secondary reparable items—End items and ex- teriel include the three supply-types of materiel,
pendable and reparable items other than principal subsistence, and petroleum, oils, and lubricants.
end items. (MCO P4790.2)
selective interchange—The exchange of selected table of equipment—A document listing the
serviceable repair parts/components from a dead- equipment which a unit is required to possess and
lined item of equipment for unserviceable repair maintain in order to accomplish its mission. When
parts/components from a like item. The exchange
used with the table of organization, it serves as
must be complete to qualify as selective inter-
change. The exchange, however, may take the the basis for determining what publications and
form of a requisition for the replacement repair additional equipment may be required by the unit.
part/component in lieu of the actual unserviceable (MCO P4790.2)
repair part/component. (MCO P4790.2)
table of organization—A document which pro-
standing operating procedure—A set of in- vides the authority for personnel staffing of a unit
structions covering those features of operations and the basis for all other resources. The table of
which lend themselves to a definite or standard- organization contains a unit’s mission, organi- za-
ized procedure without loss of effectiveness. The tion, concept of employment, administrative capa-
procedure is applicable unless ordered otherwise. bilities, and logistics capabilities. (MCO P4790.2)
Also called standard operating procedure. (Joint technical assistance—The providing of advice,
Pub 1-02) assistance, and training pertaining to the
Maintenance Operations D-9

installation, operation, and maintenance of equip-

ment. (Joint Pub 1-02)
turnover folder—A folder containing informa-
tion about policy, personnel, status of pending unserviceable—An item in a condition unfit for
projects, references, management controls, func- use, but which can be restored to a serviceable
tioning of a section, and ways and means of ac- condition after repair, rework, or overhaul. (MCO
complishing routine as well as infrequent tasks, P4400.150)
and any other information of value to an individ-
ual newly assigned to a billet. (MCO P4790.2)

(reverse blank)
Appendix E

References and Related Publications

Joint Publications (Joint Pubs)

1-02 Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

3-08 Interagency Coordination During Joint Operations
3-10 Joint Doctrine for Rear Area Operations
4-0 Doctrine for Logistic Support of Joint Operations

Marine Corps Publications

Marine Corps Doctrinal Publication (MCDP)

1 Warfighting
4 Logistics

Marine Corps Warfighting Publication (MCWP)

4-1 Logistics Operations (under development)

Fleet Marine Force Reference Publication (FMFRP)

0-14 Marine Corps Supplement to the DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated
4-34 Recovery and Battlefield Damage Assessment and Repair (when reissued, will
become MCRP 4-24A, same title)

Marine Corps Orders (MCOs)

P1200.7 Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) Manual
3000.2 Operational Reporting
3000.11 Marine Corps Ground Equipment Resource Reporting (MCGERR)
4400.16 Uniform Material Movement and Issue Priority System (with changes 1–3)
P4400.82 Marine Corps Unified Materiel Management System (MUMMS) Control Item
Management Manual (with change 1)
P4400.150 Consumer Level Supply Policy Manual (with changes 1–3)
4710.8 Uniform Criteria for Repair Cost Estimates Used in Determination of Economic
4731.1 The U.S. Marine Corps Oil Analysis Program
4733.1 Marine Corps Test, Measurements, and Diagnostic Equipment Calibration and
Maintenance Program
E-2 MCWP 4-24

P4790.1 Marine Corps Integrated Maintenance Management System (MIMMS) Introduc-

tion Manual (with changes 1 and 2)
P4790.2 MIMMS Field Procedures Manual (with change 1)
4790.18 Corrosion Prevention and Control Program
4855.10 Quality Deficiency Reporting
5100.8 Marine Corps Ground Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Program
5210.11 Records Management Program for the Marine Corps (with changes 1 and 2)
5214.2 Marine Corps Information Requirements Reports
P5215.1 The Marine Corps Directive System
P5215.17 Marine Corps Technical Publications System Manual
5216.9 HQMC Organization and Organization Codes
P5600.31 Marine Corps Publications and Printing Regulations (with change 1)
6260.1 Marine Corps Hearing Conservation Program
P7000.14 Marine Corps Cost Factors Manual
P7100.8 Field Budget Guidance Manual
8010.1 Class V(W) Supply FMF Combat Operations
P8011.4 Marine Corps Table of Allowances for Class V (W) Materiel (Peacetime)
11240.19 Repair Parts for Motor Transport Tactical Vehicles
11240.84 Wheeled Tactical Motor Transport Vehicle Maintenance Expenditure Limits
(with change 1)
11262.2 Inspection and Load-Testing of Marine Corps-Owned Commercial and Tactical
Load-Lifting Equipment

Marine Corps Bulletins (MCBuls)

3000 Table of Marine Corps Ground Equipment Resource Reporting (MCGERR)
5214 series Information Requirements Management in the Marine Corps
4790 Maintenance Management of Marine Corps Class VIII Equipment

Technical Manuals (TMs)

08594A-10 Light Armored Vehicle LAV-25
3080.12 Corrosion Control G/Equipment
4700-15/1 Ground Equipment Record Procedures
6625-45/4 Automotive Test Equipment Operation and Calibration
8000-10/1 Ordnance Characteristics Manual
9130-12 Fuel Handling Procedures (Liquid Fuels)
11275-15/3 Principal Technical Characteristics of Marine Corps Engineer Equipment

Users Manuals (UMs)

UM-MCPDS Marine Corps Publications Distribution System (MCPDS) Users Manual
UM-PLMS Marine Corps Publications Library Management System (PLMS) Users Manual

Marine Corps Technical Instructions (TIs)

2005-25/2 Postsubmersion Salvage Procedures Electronic Equipment
4710-14/1 Replacement and Evacuation Criteria, USMC Equipment
4733-15/1 Calibration Requirements, Test, Measurement, and Diagnostic Equipment
4733-15/2 Sliding Calibration Interval Program, Test, Measurement, and Diagnostic
Maintenance Operations E-3

4733-15/7 Procedural Publications Index for Marine Corps Measurement and Diagnostic
Equipment, Calibration and Maintenance Program
4733-15/10 Special Calibration of Torque Wrenches, Marine Corps Calibration Program
4733-35/5 Calibration Equipment Recommendations, Marine Corps Calibration Program
4733-35/6 Test, Measurement, and Diagnostic Equipment, Calibration and Maintenance
4733-35/8 Marine Corps Standards Exchange Program, Calibration and Maintenance
5600 Series Publication Information, Marine Corps Equipment
6100-15/1 Neutralizing and Disposing of Storage Batteries Electrolyte
6850-13/2 Conservation Procedures Antifreeze Solutions
8005-34/18 Prepackaging Inspection for Serviceability Ordnance Materiel (with change 1)
8370-15/1 Identification Marking Small Arms

Users Manuals (UMs)

4400-124 SASSY Using Unit Procedures
4790-5 MIMMS Automated Information System Field Maintenance Procedures

Navy/Marine Corps (NAVMC) Departmental Publications

1017 Table of Authorized Materiel (TAM)
2599 A Guidebook for Commanders-Materiel Management
2664 Financial Guidebook for Commanders
2761 Catalog of Publications

Navy Publications

Naval Sea Systems Command Operating Procedures (NAVSEAOP)

2165 Navy Transport Safety Handbook (Volume 1) (with changes 1–5)

Office of the Chief of Naval Operations Instruction (OPNAVINST)

4790.2 The Naval Aviation Maintenance Program

Army Publications

Field Manual (FM)

101-10-1/2 Staff Officer’s Field Manual: Organizational, Technical, and Logistical Data
(with change 1)

Technical Manuals (TMs)

9-237 Operator’s Manual for Welding Theory and Application
9-243 Use and Care of Hand Tools and Measuring Tools
10-8400-201-23 Unit and Direct Support Maintenance Manual for General Repair Procedures for
Clothing (with changes 1–6)
11-486-11 Electrical Communications Systems Engineering: Definitions and Abbreviations
(reverse blank)
E-4 MCWP 4-24