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MAFF / GDA

November 25th, 2010, Session 3D

Conservation agriculture,
a 4 wins solution for rainfed agriculture
in Mekong countries:
The case of Cambodia

“The Environments of the Poor”


The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian
Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the source, originality,
accuracy, completeness or reliability of any statement, information, data, finding, interpretation, advice, opinion, or view presented, nor does it
make any representation concerning the same.
AFD/CIRAD involvement in SE Asia

Yunan
Vietnam
YAAS
NOMAFSI

Thailande
Laos
Katsekart Univ.
NAFRI

Cambodia
MAFF/GDA
www.cansea.org.la : network on CA
Conservation agriculture : Cambodia case 25/11/2010 2
Conservation agriculture : DMC

DMC’s principles

Experimentation protocol

See agroecologie.cirad.fr

Conservation agriculture : Cambodia case 25/11/2010 3


4 wins solution !
 Climate change adaptation

 Climate mitigation

 Agricultural productivity

 Poverty reduction

PADAC - farmers network 2009


PADAC - Rolling (millet) - June 2009

Conservation agriculture : Cambodia case 25/11/2010 4


Cambodia case : diagnostic !

The populated part of Cambodia: < 40 % territory


> 90 % population

Conservation agriculture : Cambodia case 25/11/2010 5


Cambodia case : Some experimented systems

Year n Year n+1

"scattered" rains heavy rains "scattered" rains heavy rains


Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept. Octo. Nov. Dec. Jan. Fev. Mar. April May June July Aug. Sept. Octo. Nov. Dec. Jan. Fev.

Maize // Soybean rotation


Stylo + B. p Mil Soybean mc Stylo +Sorgho regrow Maize + Stylo. Stylo.
Sorgho + Stylo

Maize “mono cropping”


Stylo. Maize + Stylo. Stylo. Maize + Stylo. Stylo.

Soybean “mono cropping” + Sorghum as secondary crop


Stylo + B. p Mil Soybean mc Stylo + Sorgho reg. Soybean mc Stylo

Sorgho + Stylo Sorgho + Stylo

Conservation agriculture : Cambodia case 25/11/2010 6


Cambodia case : proposed strategy
Today Tomorrow
2008: 13,4 mill. inhab. 2020: 16,0 mill. inhab.

Strategic policy
• Planning
• Legal framework
• Public investment

Implementation
• Public-private partnership
• Research & extension

Where to
from here?
Conservation agriculture : Cambodia case 25/11/2010 7
Conclusion
 DMC conciliates Natural resources management and Economic development

 Pilot phase achieved … need for expansion : a response to SEA challenge.

Conservation agriculture : Cambodia case 25/11/2010 8


MAFF / GDA

Thank you for your attention …

www.cirad.fr
www.maff.gov.kh Prepared by:
Stephane BOULAKIA (CIRAD)
www.card.gov.kh
PEN Vuth (General Directorate of Agriculture, MAFF)
www.afd.fr SANN Vathana (Council for Agriculture and Rural Development)
Stephane CHABIERSKI (CIRAD)
Olivier GILARD (AFD)