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11.7.

Activity Report
Course Code: CE 411 Activity no.:
Course Title: Hydraulics Engineering Section: CE42FA1
Group no.: 5 Date Performed: September 26, 2019
Group Members: Baria, Steve John B. Date Submitted: October 3, 2019
Biñas, Aeiron Instructor: Engr. Aseo
Guerrero, Joyce
Salita, Jersey
Yu, Miguel Jericho

11.7.1 Data and Results

Table 11-1: Weir Data for Coefficient of Discharge Determination

Time. T Weir Head Theoretical Change in Time, t Actual Coefficient


(sec) (mm) Discharge, Volume, ∆V (sec) Discharge, of Discharge
Qt (cms) (m³) Qa (cms) Qa/Qt
1 16 3.541x10-3 0.02 37.28 5.365x10-4 0.152
2 28.5 2.447x10-3 0.02 105 1.905x10-4 0.078
3 6 4.595x10-3 0.02 19.46 1.028x10-3 0.224
4 17.5 3.397x10-3 0.02 38.28 5.225x10-4 0.154
5 30 2.332x10-3 0.02 161 1.242x10-4 0.053
Ave. 19.6 3.2624x10-3 0.02 72.204 2.953x10-4 0.132

11.7.2. Computation

Constants z₁= 0.047+ 0.06- 0.016 = 0.091m


C= 0.6 ∝= 90 z₂= 0.047+ 0.06- 0.0285 = 0.0785m
z₃=0.047+ 0.06- 0.006 = 0.101m
z= hₒ+h₁-h z₄= 0.047+ 0.06- 0.0175 = 0.0895m
hₒ= 0.047m z₅= 0.047+ 0.06- 0.03 = 0.077m
h₁= 0.06m

8 2 ∝
QT = Cz (tan )√2gz
15 2

8 2 90
QT1 = (0.6)(0.091m³) (tan )√2(9.81)(0.091) = 3.541x10-3
15 2
8 2 90
QT2 = (0.6)(0.0785) (tan )√2(9.81)(0.0785) = 2.44710-3
15 2
8 2 90
QT3 = (0.6)(0.101) (tan )√2(9.81)(0.101) = 4.595x10-3
15 2

8 2 90
QT4 = (0.6)(0.0895) (tan )√2(9.81)(0.0895) = 3.397x10-3
15 2
8 2 90
QT5 = (0.6)(0.077) (tan )√2(9.81)(0.077) = 2.332x10-3
15 2

QA
V CD =
QA = QT
t
5.365x10³
0.02 CD1 = -3
= 0.152
QA1 = = 5.365x10-4 3.541x10
37.28

0.02 1.905x10-4
QA2 = = 1.905x10-4 CD2 = -3
= 0.078
105 2.44710

0.02 1.028x10-3
QA3 = = 1.028x10-3 CD3 = = 0.224
19.46 4.595x10
-3

0.02 -4 -4
QA4 = = 5.225x10 5.225x10
38.28 CD4 = -3
= 0.154
3.397x10
0.02
QA5 = = 1.242x10-4 1.242x10-4
161 CD5 = = 0.053
-3
2.332x10

11.7.2. Conclusion

The smooth flow to and over the weir is essential to the determination of accurate rates of flow
since the distribution of velocities on the approach flow has a definite influence on the discharge over the
weir. As the flow rate increases, the discharge coefficient becomes more accurate to the theoretical value.
When the flow rate is to low it clings to the notch and flows down it. This changes the coefficient of
discharge because now the water is not only being affected by gravity it is having to resist viscosity and the
friction of the surface of the notch. The limitations of the theory is it has to be level so the only force on the
water is gravity, there has to be a constant flow, and constant pressure.
The theory behind this experiment makes an assumption that there is a minimum height of water
above the notch and any heights below this start to deviate from theory at an increasing rate. The
relationship between the head of the weir and the discharge of the water over the weir is directly
proportional. The lower flow rates produce lower heights above the notch creating larger changes from the
theoretical equations.