Você está na página 1de 8



Subject: Rural Outreach

Topic: Assignment on rural

Submitted to: Ankita Gautam

Submitted by: Muskan Verma

Roll no.: 33
Class: IT/A.04
Year: 1st year
Q1. Which ministry started the Swachh
Bharat Abhiyan? Give a brief introduction
on Swach Bharat Abhiyan?

Answer: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) or Swachh Bharat

Mission (SBM) is a nation-wide campaign in India for the period 2014
to 2019 that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of
India's cities, towns, and rural areas. The campaign's official name is
in Hindi and translates to 'Clean India Mission' in English. The
objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open
defecation through the construction of household-owned and
community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism
of monitoring toilet use. Run by the Government of India, the mission
aims to achieve an "open-defecation free" (ODF) India by 2 October
2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by
constructing 90 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96
lakh crore (US$30 billion).The mission will also contribute to India
reaching Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), established by the
UN in 2015.
The mission has two thrusts: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan ("gramin" or
'rural'), which operates under the Ministry of Drinking Water and
Sanitation; and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan ('urban'), which operates under
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Q2.What is the significance of Swachh

Bharat Abhiyan Program?

Answer: The aim of the mission is to cover all the rural and urban
areas of the country to present this country as an ideal country before
the world. The mission has targeted aims like eliminating the open
defecation, converting insanitary toilets into pour flush toilets,
eradicating manual scavenging, complete disposal and reuse of solid
and liquid wastes, bringing behavioural changes to people and motivate
health practices, spreading cleanliness awareness among people,
strengthening the cleanliness systems in the urban and rural areas as
well as creating user friendly environment for all private sectors
interested for investing in India for cleanliness maintenance.
This mission has an interesting theme of inviting nine new people by
each and every involved people in the campaign and continuing this
chain until the each and every citizen of India gets involved in this

Q3.Write 20 slogans on the Swachh Bharat

Abhiyan Program?
Answer: 1.“Ek kadam swachhata ki ore.”
2.“cleanliness is next to godliness.”
3.“India can do it. People of India can do it.”
4.“let’s make the right choice and use dustbin.”
5.“clean India beautiful India.”
6.“Dharti mata kare pukar, aas paas ka karo sudhaar.”
7.“clean city, clean city, My dream city.”
8.“It’s our Planet don’t throw it away.”
9.“Devote the 100 hours every year towards the cause of cleanliness.”
10.“Cleaning up the country cannot be the sole responsibility of
sweepers. Do citizens have no role in this? We have to change this
11.“sanitation should not be seen as a political tool, but should only be
connected to patriotism and commitment to public health.”
12.“clean India, Developed India.”
13.“come! And Pledge to keep India clean.”
14.“Clean India! To get economically developed India.”
15.“Clean India, disease-free India.”
16.“Effort your best to clean India!”
17.“Cleanliness is the Only solution to stay away from diseases.”
18.“Represent yourself with clean India.”
19.“Be clean and keep India clean.”
20.“Our country is our Identity; so, keep Identity clean.”

Q4.Do you think thet The Swachh Bharat

Abhiyan is successful in India? Give reasons
in support of your answer.
Answer: Swachh Bharat programme has produced remarkable
results in some aspects, while in some parts it still has a long way to go -
 In 2015, a UNICEF Report mentioned that as many as 524
million (52.4 crore) people in India are forced to defecate in
open due to lack of sanitation infrastructure
 Another 2015 report by UNICEF and World Health
Organization also classified country’s progress in reducing open
defecation as “moderate” and cited that in India there has
been “very little change in last 20 years”
 Please take a moment to process this information and its
enormity. Most of us who are privileged enough to be reading this
article in English on our laptop or smartphone may not even
realize that even after 67 years of independence, 52 crore people
or more than 60% of our population did not have access to basic
amenities like toilets
 Swachh Bharat Mission addressed this issue head-on and started
building sanitation infrastructure in mission mode. Government’s
relentless focus ensured that sanitation coverage started
improving dramatically year after year
 As per economic survey 2017-18, only 39% population had
access to toilets in 2014. By January 2018, this number had
rapidly surged to 76%
Data Source: Economic Survey 2017–18
 By the time of writing this answer (August 2018), the sanitation
coverage is about to touch 90%. Swachh Bharat Mission has so
far delivered remarkable progress where in just 4 years -
o 80 million (8 crore) toilets were constructed
o 4 lakh Villages, 423 districts and 19 States / Union
Territories were declared Open Defecation Free

 Please take another moment to process this information now - 8

crore toilets constructed within 4 years
 This means that more toilets were built in 4 years of current
government than in 67 years of all previous governments in
independent India put together. Status and progress of this
project can be tracked in real time on Swachh Bharat Mission
 Val Curtis, the Director of London School of Hygiene who has
been involved in the program, called it the world’s most
successful Behavior Change campaign.

Source: livemint
 In another project under Swachh Bharat initiative, Railways
Ministry has installed 1,25,000 bio-toilets in train coaches. Fitted
under the train lavatories, they prevent human waste from falling
onto the tracks
o Jointly developed by engineers of Indian Railways and
DRDO, these are modern technology mechanisms which
convert human waste into water and gases. Gases are
released into atmosphere and water is discharged onto
o This initiative will go a long way in improving the hygiene
and cleanliness of railway tracks across the country
Source: Twitter
 The planned target of Swachh Bharat Mission is to make India
100% Open Defecation Free by October 2019. If the project
continues progressing as planned, then by next year, India would
have provided sanitation infrastructure to its entire population. It
would be a huge milestone in resolving one of the large but grass-
root problems affecting India
 In another initiative, urban development ministry has
implemented door to door waste collection in some cities so that
residents don’t throw around the garbage in unauthorized places
across the city.
 Annual survey of cleanliness and city rankings has been initiated
which motivates city municipalities to compete with each other
and continuously improve their rankings in cleanliness.
 Some places of worship in Punjab, Kerala, Rajasthan, Karnataka,
Jharkhand have implemented environment friendly ways to
process flowers and wet waste from kitchens.
 In many places, residents have shown an increased awareness,
sense of responsibility and ownership in keeping the
surroundings clean

Source: here & here

 The NMCG (National Mission for Clean Ganga) project under
Swachh Bharat has recorded significant progress too. As per the
published data, 12,000 MLD(million litres a day) of sewage is
generated in the Ganga basin.
o In May 2014, there were 31 treatment plants with a capacity
of only 485 MLD
o By 2018, treatment capacity is increased 10 times to 4,000
o Another 94 projects, with a treatment capacity of 1,900
MLD are under way
However, even after completion of these 94 projects, we would still
be only half way through in cleaning Ganga.