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BKF 2432: MASS TRANSFER FKKSA, UMP

Principles of Mass
Transfer
(CHAPTER 4)
Molecular Diffusion in Solids

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Topic Outcomes

 It is expected that student will be able to:


 Apply the diffusivity coefficient of molecular
diffusion in solids.
 Solve mathematical solution of molecular
diffusion in solids.

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INTRODUCTION

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DIFFUSION IN SOLIDS
(WHICH FOLLOW FICK’S LAW
AND DOES NOT DEPEND ON
THE STRUCTURE OF SOLIDS)

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Example 6.5-1 (pg 442) Diffusion of


H2 Through Neoprene Membrane
o The gas hydrogen at 17oC and 0.010 atm partial
pressure is diffusing through a membrane of
vulcanized neoprene rubber 0.5 mm thick. The
pressure of H2 on the other side of the neoprene
is zero. Calculate the steady-state flux,
assuming the only resistance to diffusion is in
the membrane. The solubility,S of H2 gas in
neoprene at 17oC is 0.051 m3 (at STP of 0oC
and 1 atm)/m3 solid.atm and the diffusivity DAB is
0.740 x 10-9 m2/s at 17oC.
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Example 6.5-2 (pg 443) Diffusion


Through a Packing Film Using Permeability
o A polyethylene film 0.00015 m (0.15 mm) thick is
being considered for use in packaging a
pharmaceutical product at 30oC. If the partial
pressure of O2 outside the package is 0.21 atm
and inside it is 0.01 atm, calculate the diffusion
flux of O2 at steady state. Use permeability data
from Table 6.5-1. Assume that the resistances to
diffusion outside the film and inside are
negligible compared to the resistance of the film.
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DIFFUSION IN POROUS
SOLIDS
(THAT DEPENDS ON THE
STRUCTURE OF SOLIDS)

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Example 6.5-3 (pg 445) Diffusion of


Potassium Cloride, KCl in Porous Silica
o A sintered solid of silica 0.002 m thick is porous,
with a void fraction, ε of 0.30 a tortuosity of 4.0.
The pores are filled with water at 298 K. At one
face the concentration, CA1 of KCl is held at 0.10
kg mol/m3, and fresh water flows rapidly past the
other surface, CA2= 0. Neglecting any other
resistance but that in the porous solid, calculate
the diffusion of KCl at steady state. Given, DAB
KCl-water system (Table 6.3-1, pg 431) is 1.87 x
10-9 m2/s.
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