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SME Server:Documentation:Administration Manual:Booklet
From SME Server
Languages: English • Deutsch
■ 1 Welcome to SME Server 7 ■ 1.1 About This Manual ■ 1.1.1 Production ■ 1.1.2 History ■ 1.1.3 Endorsements ■ 1.1.4 Acknowledgements ■ 1.2 Software Licensing Terms and Conditions ■ 1.3 About Our Example Company: The Pagan Vegan ■ 1.4 What's New ■ 1.5 Server Features ■ 2 The role of the SME Server ■ 3 Your Internet Service Provider (ISP) ■ 3.1 Dedicated versus dialup connectivity ■ 3.2 The IP address ■ 3.2.1 Static versus dynamic IP addressing ■ 3.2.2 Routable versus non-routable IP addresses ■ 3.3 Arranging connectivity with your ISP ■ 3.3.1 Ordering a corporate ADSL or other commercial dedicated connection ■ 3.3.2 Ordering cablemodem or residential ADSL service ■ 3.3.3 Ordering a dialup connection ■ 3.4 Arranging Services From Your ISP ■ 3.4.1 Service List A ■ 3.4.2 Service List B ■ 3.4.3 Service List C ■ 3.4.4 Service List D ■ 3.5 Terms used in ordering connectivity and services ■ 4 Hardware Requirements of the SME Server ■ 4.1 4.1. Minimum Hardware Requirements ■ 4.2 4.2. Recommended Hardware Requirements ■ 4.3 4.3. Hard Drive Configuration ■ 4.4 4.4. Supported Ethernet or SCSI Adapters, or Tape Drives ■ 5 Installing And Configuring Your SME Server Software ■ 5.1 Licensing Terms and Conditions ■ 5.2 RAID1 Support (Disk Mirroring) ■ 5.2.1 Software Mirroring ■ 5.2.2 Hardware Mirroring ■ 5.3 Upgrading From A Previous Version ■ 5.4 Installing the Software ■ 5.5 Restoring a Backup ■ 5.6 Configuring your SME Server ■ 5.7 Setting Your Administrator Password ■ 5.8 Configuring Your System Name and Domain Name ■ 5.9 Configuring Your Local Network ■ 5.9.1 Selecting Your Local Ethernet Adapter 10/18/2010
Page 2 of 111 ■ 5.9.2 Configuring Local Network Parameters ■ 5.10 Operation Mode ■ 5.10.1 Option 1: Server and gateway mode ■ 5.10.2 Option 2: Private server and gateway ■ 5.10.3 Option 3: Server-only mode ■ 5.11 Configuring Server and Gateway Mode ■ 5.12 Server and Gateway Mode - Dedicated ■ 5.12.1 Configuring Your External Ethernet Adapter ■ 5.12.2 Assigning Your Ethernet Adapters to Network Connection ■ 5.12.3 Configuring Your External Interface ■ 5.12.4 Configuring Dynamic DNS ■ 5.13 Configuring the Server for Server and Gateway Mode - Dialup Access ■ 5.14 Configuring Your DHCP Server ■ 5.14.1 Configuring the DHCP Address Range 6 The Server Console ■ 6.1 Option 1: Check status of this server ■ 6.2 Option 2: Configure this server ■ 6.3 Option 3: Test internet access ■ 6.4 Option 4: Reboot, shutdown or reconfigure you server ■ 6.5 Option 5: Manage disk redundancy ■ 6.6 Option 6: Access server manager ■ 6.6.1 Using the Text-based Browser ■ 6.6.2 Accessing the Linux Root Prompt ■ 6.7 Option 7: View support and licensing information ■ 6.8 Option 8: Perform backup to USB device 7 Configuring the Computers on Your Network ■ 7.1 What Order to do Things ■ 7.2 Configuring Your Desktop Operating System ■ 7.2.1 Automatic DHCP Service ■ 7.2.2 Manual entry for computers not using DHCP service ■ 7.2.3 MS Windows workgroup configuration ■ 7.2.4 MS Windows Domain configuration ■ 18.104.22.168 Connecting to a Domain ■ 22.214.171.124 Setting up network drives 8 On-going Administration using the server-manager 9 Collaboration ■ 9.1 Users ■ 9.1.1 Disabling User Accounts ■ 9.1.2 Changing User Passwords ■ 9.2 Groups ■ 9.2.1 Setting admin rights ■ 9.3 Quotas ■ 9.4 Pseudonyms ■ 9.5 Information Bays 10 Administration ■ 10.1 Backup or restore ■ 10.1.1 To desktop ■ 10.1.2 To Tape ■ 10.1.3 To Workstation or USB Drive ■ 10.2 View log files ■ 10.3 Mail log file analysis ■ 10.4 Reboot or shutdown 11 Security ■ 11.1 Remote Access ■ 11.1.1 PPTP (VPN) ■ 11.1.2 Remote Management ■ 11.1.3 SSH ■ 11.1.4 FTP ■ 11.1.5 Telnet ■ 11.2 Local networks 10/18/2010
Page 3 of 111 ■ 11.3 Port forwarding ■ 11.4 Proxy settings 12 Miscellaneous ■ 12.1 Support and licensing ■ 12.2 Create Starter Web Site ■ 12.3 Online manual ■ 12.4 Other Administration Notes 13 Configuration ■ 13.1 Software Installer Panel ■ 13.2 Set date and time ■ 13.3 Workgroup ■ 13.4 Directory ■ 13.5 Printers ■ 13.6 Hostnames and addresses ■ 13.6.1 Creating New Hostnames ■ 13.6.2 Reserving IP Addresses Through DHCP ■ 13.7 Domains ■ 13.8 E-mail ■ 13.8.1 E-mail Access ■ 13.8.2 E-mail Filtering ■ 13.8.3 E-mail Retrieval ■ 13.8.4 E-mail Delivery ■ 13.9 Review Configuration 14 Information Bays (i-bays) ■ 14.1 i-bay Directories ■ 14.2 Accessing the i-bays ■ 14.3 Creating an i-bay ■ 14.4 Modifying an i-bay ■ 14.5 An i-bay Used as a Customer Site: The Miles Gabriel Art Exposition ■ 14.6 An i-bay Used as a Shared Network Drive ■ 14.7 An i-bay Used as an Intranet: The Pagan Vegan "Vegemite" ■ 14.8 An i-bay Used to Expedite Processes: Samson's Farms ■ 14.9 An i-bay Used as Your Customer Download Site 15 SME Manual Appendix ■ 15.1 Appendix A. Introduction to the Ethernet Local Area Network (LAN) ■ 15.2 Appendix B. DNS ■ 15.2.1 DNS Basics ■ 15.2.2 PTR Records ■ 15.2.3 SPF Records ■ 15.2.4 Dynamic DNS Services ■ 15.2.5 DNS Service Providers ■ 15.3 Appendix C. Proxy Servers ■ 15.4 Appendix D. Technical Support 16 Glossary
Welcome to SME Server 7
Congratulations on choosing the SME Server as your network and communications server! SME Server is an open-source Linux server distribution designed to be: ■ Simple to setup and use: Installation and basic configuration takes less than 20 minutes, and every configuration option can be set via a web-based interface. ■ Secure and stable to operate: SME Server only includes what is necessary, which translates into the entire ISO being around 500MB. Stability comes from using proven, supported rpm packages and from an update system that notifies you with available updates. ■ Cross-platform and extendable to meet future needs: SME Server already has everything necessary to provide the core services most people need to network Linux, Macintosh, and Windows systems. ■ And it's completely free! 10/18/2010
redhat. 10/18/2010 .contribs. for security.org/SME_Server:Download The heart of SME Server 7 is based on the GPL'd sources of the unsupported developer release of SME 7.org History ■ October 2005 . you must make the source code (with patches please) freely available.contribs. Mitel has been very generous to fund development of the alpha and beta versions and to keep to the spirit of the GPL by sharing their source code freely. Mitel and contribs. This means that you are free to use.Page 4 of 111 ■ Download the ISO from http://wiki.sourceforge. Acceptance of this agreement is required during the software installation.0 alpha from Mitel (http://www.org. The agreement is found on the ISO. and are the basis for this manual) Endorsements This is the official documentation for SME Server and is endorsed by the developers at http://wiki. If you do alter any of the packages.contribs.org Acknowledgements Thank you to the developers that create and maintain the SME Server distribution. CentOS 4 is built from publicly available open source Red Hat Enterprise Linux SRPMS (http://ftp. and to allow automatic updates as soon as an update is available from the upstream vendor. Production This document was revised on the wiki's at smeserver. Security updates from Redhat/Centos should be available until 2012 for Centos 4. Mitel's commercial offering is known as the "Mitel Managed Application Server". About This Manual This manual walks you step-by-step through the straightforward process of installing and configuring your SME Server. And thank you to the companies and people that support the developers.0 started at sourceforge. Software Licensing Terms and Conditions The SME Server is licensed under the General Public License (GPL).net and wiki. SME Server 7 uses many packages from CentOS (http://centos. The purpose of doing so is to take advantage of the stability that comes from the huge user base that uses these packages. and in the past was known as e-Smith. RPMForge is a collaborative effort of several RPM packagers that build RPMs not included with CentOS.net (Previous versions were published by e-smith. who is the copyright holder for much of what makes SME Server what it is. The Appendices and Glossary provide background information on subjects related to networking and the Internet and are intended to supplement chapters in the main section of this document.Revisions for SME Server 7.mitel.com/pub/redhat/linux/enterprise/4/en/os/i386/SRPMS) and aims to be binary compatible.net) .org) and RPMForge (http://rpmforge. and alter the software. Almost all of the packages that SME Server includes from these upstream vendors are included unmodified.com/) .
Server Features The SME Server server and gateway installs automatically on a PC. As far as we know. easy-to-install package. administers and makes use of their server. The Pagan Vegan or TPV.org/licenses/. Details on other open source licences can be obtained here: http://www. About Our Example Company: The Pagan Vegan In this manual. In one simple. The text of the GPL license may be found at http://www. see the release notes that accompany your download.html.fsf. you get: 10/18/2010 . The applicable license for each software module is specifically identified and can be seen by running the rpm -qiv packagename command. from the command line.Page 5 of 111 SME Server users may copy and redistribute this software.opensource. no company of this name exists. we use examples of a catering and event-planning company. What's New For the most complete list of information about changes that have been made in SME Server. converting it to an industrial-strength communications server that optionally allows all of the computers on your network to share a single Internet connection.org/licensing/licenses/gpl. Some packages may have an alternate open source licence. that configures.
and optional filtering and subject tagging.It is now possible to connect the SME Server to a printer via the USB port. Configurable rejection levels. Your server also provides services . This prevents a direct connection from being established between an external computer on the Internet and a computer on your local network thereby significantly reducing the risk of intrusion onto your network. this version now includes experimental support for using an internal passive ISDN card. 10/18/2010 . SMTP/SSL. Advanced but simple to use plugin system to easily install extra functionality and write local rules.6. Automatic tagging with X-spam-status headers.including e-mail. Macintosh and Unix machines. ■ Email attachment handling: Including the ability to block EXE. IMAP/SSL. ■ Webmail has been upgraded to the latest versions of Horde. ■ USB printer support . The result is that any other Redhat EL4 or Centos 4 RPMS should work without modification.The server now includes better support for Macintosh file sharing and eliminates some previous cases where Macintosh users were unable to access i-bays. ■ A web server to host your company web and/or intranet site. ■ Experimental ISDN card support . and 6+ Drives as RAID6. ■ Enhancement to the pseudonyms panel. The role of the SME Server Your SME Server manages your connection to the Internet by routing Internet data packets to and from your network (which allows all the computers on your network to share a single Internet connection) and by providing security for your network. internal network and the external world. ■ A shared email address book that is maintained automatically.that allow you to communicate better internally and with the rest of the world using the Internet. POP3/SSL. 98.Page 6 of 111 ■ A high performance email server that handles email to and from your users. Approved contribs and official updates can now be installed in the server-manager. configure network printers.While our software has always supported external ISDN adapters. Virus definitions are kept up to date automatically. When one of your local computers contacts the Internet. ■ Spam Filtering with Spamassassin. Almost all features are implemented in plugins. minimizing the risk of intrusions. ■ Yum based Software installer panel. but seamlessly interposes itself into the communication.g. ■ Improved Macintosh file sharing support . ready to accept a second drive. ■ Special services that speed web and Internet access. and other packages from atrpms and rpmforge are used unmodified whenever possible. control remote access. ■ Windows 2000 and XP domain logon support . 3-5 drives as RAID5. or is contacted by an outside machine on the Internet. the word gateway is used to mean the computer that acts as the interface between your local. ■ Quota Management .org ■ SMTP Email reception is now handled by qpsmtpd. ■ i-bays. improving the performance of your network. web access and a powerful file sharing and collaboration feature called "i-bays" . and program updates will be available automatically via the software installer (yum). ■ Browser based server-manager software that makes it easy to add new user accounts. ■ Installation on a system with 1 hard drive is automatically set up half of a RAID1 mirror. ■ Enhanced security features that reduce the risk of intrusion.Packages from Centos 4 (2.9 kernel). set up workgroups and connect additional networks. Turba and Ingo from horde. a unique communications and collaborative facility that makes it easy for users to work together on projects. Systems with 2 drives are set up as RAID 1. This version now extends that domain logon support to Windows 2000 and Windows XP. Imp. ■ Secure email enhancements. Throughout this user's guide. and you can now enter pseudonyms of pseudonyms. the SME Server not only routes that connection.you have the ability to set a limit on the amount of a disk space a user can use for files and e-mail. ME or NT. PIF and automatic conversion of TNEF or UUENCODE encoded attachments to MIME. You now have the ability to send (e. ■ Antivirus email and hard drive scanning is now provided by ClamAV. ■ Use of unmodified packages from upstream providers . ■ A central file server enabling seamless information exchange among Windows. Mitel. SMTP AUTH over SMTP/SSL.Previous versions have allowed the server to act as a domain controller for client computers running Windows 95.) support@domain1 and support@domain2 to different places. ZIP. Selectable "Automatically install updates" option.
) Tip: More About Ethernet Appendix A: Introduction to the Ethernet Local Area Network (LAN) . the firewall fulfills the role of gateway. Once installation is complete. providing routing and network security. you can disconnect the keyboard and monitor. (Note that some computers may not operate correctly without an attached keyboard. The server-only mode is typically used for networks already behind a firewall. If you wish. but not the routing and security functions associated with the role of "gateway". briefly explains ethernet. so only on rare occasions will you require direct access to the server computer. your server provides your network with services.Page 7 of 111 >>++Server and Gateway Mode++]] If you prefer. 10/18/2010 . In that configuration. your SME Server can be configured and managed remotely. ethernet components and typical ethernet configuration. In "server-only" mode. most customers put the server in an out-of-the-way place like a utility closet. >>++Server only Mode++]] Once installed. you can also run your SME Server in "server-only" mode. Routine administration is handled from your desktop using a web-based interface.
It is assigned to your server. For example. it's important to know the general range of services available.) The IP address An IP address is an identifying number assigned to all devices connected to the Internet. How you connect to your ISP affects the speed of your Internet connection. also referred to as Internet access type. your IP address enables other people to reach you. Like your phone number. some of the services on your server cannot be provided to the outside world. It also provides other essential services. While your ISP can also assist you in selecting and arranging the right Internet services for your organization. the web site would not be available. Because your connection to the Internet is not permanent. Although they are more expensive than the alternative. impacts such things as how quickly your web site is displayed to visitors. There are several common types of dedicated connectivity. you will need to review your gateway/firewall documentation and perhaps consult with your ISP regarding your configuration. You should not directly connect such a system to the Internet via an Internet Service Provider. You may also need to configure your firewall for port forwarding of services. which will accept all the Internet data packets intended for your network and distribute them to the appropriate computer . your ISP only needs to allocate one IP address for your network. a server-only server must always be behind a local firewall. A cable connection links you to your cable company. it could certainly host an intranet web site because the local network would always be connected. Dedicated connectivity refers to a full-time connection to your ISP. If you have dialup connectivity. which.it routes Internet data packets to and from your server. your ISP may need to publish DNS records associating your mail and/or web servers with your firewall IP address. In server-only mode. This section of the user's guide reviews what ISPs offer and what the implications are in choosing among the various options available to you. Dedicated versus dialup connectivity Connectivity. your server is not permanently connected to the Internet. and is used in routing information from one device to another. having your server host your external company web site would create a problem because whenever your server was not connected to the Internet. ADSL provides relatively fast data transmission over phone lines. For that reason. which provides you with many (though not all) of the same services as a traditional ISP. Rather.much like an office receptionist is able to accept incoming calls and direct them to the appropriate extension. it connects to your ISP over a phone line using a modem or ISDN adapter . in turn. Warning: If you are operating the product in "server-only" mode. (However. since not all ISPs offer all services. dedicated connections are generally faster and allow you to use the full range of services on your server. For example. 10/18/2010 . depending on your plans for the server. the single Ethernet connection to the local network is "trusted" as being secure and packet filtering is disabled. refers to the physical connection between your site and your ISP. In our standard configuration.Page 8 of 111 Your Internet Service Provider (ISP) Your Internet Service Provider or ISP is your connection to the Internet . The speed of transmission over a cable network can vary widely (from quite fast to very slow) based in part on the usage within your neighborhood.
ISDN. a record associating your server with its new IP address must be published with the equivalent of Directory Services (known as Domain Name Service or DNS) before incoming traffic can find you. Arranging connectivity with your ISP If you are going to be using your server in "server and gateway" mode. a non-routable address is the equivalent of an office extension. To connect your site to the Internet. Using the same analogy. with a typical cablemodem).g. IP addresses for their devices) which must eventually be entered into your server console (a straightforward process covered in a later chapter). your ISP will arrange for and configure your external hub and router. but you also need to ensure that your server can locate the appropriate devices at your ISP's site. The terms used in the following sections are defined at the end of this chapter. Routable versus non-routable IP addresses If an IP address is analogous to your phone number. Ordering a corporate ADSL or other commercial dedicated connection Typically. Your ISP will give you this information (e. you may be required to install that hardware yourself under their direction. whenever your IP address changes. cable modem. which limits the services that it can provide to your site. When your telephone number changes. other people are unable to look up your new number and place calls to you. Alternatively. If your IP address is dynamically assigned and you have a dedicated connection to your ISP (for example.Page 9 of 111 Static versus dynamic IP addressing A static IP address never changes. usually you will be allocated a block of routable. DSL. static IP addresses for your corporation . you may find it helpful to use a dynamic DNS service . In fact. the ISP will typically arrange that.g. However. the type of connection used determines the services needed. Note: Static IP addressing is preferable to dynamic IP addressing because it makes it easier for users on the Internet to connect to your services. Many ISPs use a DHCP server which can directly configure your server with some or all of these parameters. we guide you first through arranging connectivity and then direct you to the appropriate list of services for each type of connection. To some extent. Therefore. Similarly. you not only need to arrange your physical connection (modem. If a special phone line is required. static IP address. Your ISP will help you connect your site and provide you with services that enable you to take advantage of the Internet (e. it cannot directly receive incoming Internet connections. e-mail delivery). If your server is assigned a nonroutable address. This makes it more difficult to ensure continuity of service to your network. you are able to place outgoing calls. Dynamic IP address assignment means that your IP address is assigned to you only temporarily and may be changed by your ISP. you will need to arrange for a connection to the Internet. Consider again our telephone number analogy. 10/18/2010 . It is permanently assigned to your server by your ISP. We strongly recommend you review Appendix B: Dynamic DNS services for more information about this worthwhile option. until your new phone number is registered with Directory Services. etc. then a routable IP address is the equivalent of a full telephone number complete with country code and area code such as +1-613-555-1234. It is most typical with corporate service that you receive a routable.).you will need only one for your server.
Page 10 of 111 Information provided to you by your ISP: ■ static IP address (or block of addresses from which you choose one) ■ IP address of router ("gateway IP address") ■ subnet mask Order services from: Service List A Ordering cablemodem or residential ADSL service Typically. There are three possible configurations when ordering cablemodem or residential ADSL services. ADSL connects to the ISP via a conventional phone line. your cable company or ADSL provider will install a configured cablemodem or ADSL router at your site. 10/18/2010 . If you do not have cable access. If you require an additional phone line. your cable company will install it for you. it is typical for you to arrange that yourself.
forcing you to use their proxy server. This interferes in a few minor ways with your server (e. using the ISP's proxy server will normally work fine. 1. static IP address Information provided to you by your ISP: ■ static IP address ■ IP address of cablemodem or ADSL router ("gateway IP address") ■ subnet mask Order services from: Service List A 2. ■ Some ISPs block outgoing HTTP connections. the test for Internet connectivity will fail erroneously).g. You receive a routable. However. You receive a routable.) Information provided to you by your ISP: ■ gateway IP address* ■ subnet mask* Information provided by dynamic DNS service: ■ DNS service account name ■ DNS service password 10/18/2010 . dynamically assigned IP address and you elect to use a dynamic DNS service (We encourage you to review Appendix B: Dynamic DNS Services for a discussion of dynamic DNS services. please keep the following information in mind: ■ ISPs often supply the items marked * to your server by DHCP.Page 11 of 111 Note: In the tables below..
Your ISP is able to meet all of the following three conditions: 10/18/2010 . dynamically assigned IP address and you elect not to use a dynamic DNS service OR your IP address is non-routable. it is typical for you to arrange that yourself. You receive a routable. The software can work with external ISDN adapters and includes support for passive ISDN cards.~WinModems will not work. There are two possible configurations with dialup service: 1. (Be sure to use a Linux-compatible modem .) Your modem connects to your ISP over a conventional phone line. Information provided to you by your ISP: ■ IP address of cablemodem or ADSL router ("gateway IP address")* ■ subnet mask* Order services from: Service List D Ordering a dialup connection It is typical for you to purchase and install your own modem or ISDN adapter for your dialup connection. Warning: While the software includes experimental support for ISDN cards. Your ISDN adapter will connect to the ISDN connection installed by your ISP or local telecommunications provider.Page 12 of 111 Order services from: Service List B 3. If you require an additional phone line. we do not provide technical support for the use of these cards as they have not yet been tested in a wide enough variety of environments.
Your ISP is unable to meet all three of the above conditions Information provided to you by your ISP: ■ dialup access number ■ dialup account name ■ dialup account password Order services from: Service List D Arranging Services From Your ISP In each of the previous sections on connectivity. your dynamic DNS service may restrict what your domain name can be) ■ publication of DNS address records for your web server. ■ your ISP is able to accept the "ETRN command". (This command is used by the server to retrieve the mail held by the ISP's secondary mail server. Service List A ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ domain name set up and hosting publication of DNS address records for your web server.) Information provided to you by your ISP: ■ ■ ■ ■ static IP address dialup access number dialup account name dialup account password Order services from: Service List C 2. FTP server and e-mail server publication of DNS mail (MX) records secondary mail server (optional) Internet news server (optional) Service List B Services to order from ISP: ■ secondary mail server (optional) ■ Internet news server (optional) Services From Dynamic DNS Service ■ domain name (depending on the service purchased. which receives e-mail when your server is not connected. FTP server and e-mail server ■ publication of DNS mail (MX) records Service List C ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ PPP dialup access (with static IP) domain name publication of DNS address records for your e-mail server* publication of DNS mail (MX) records secondary mail server (ETRN must be supported) Internet news server (optional) 10/18/2010 .Page 13 of 111 ■ you receive a routable. static IP address ■ your ISP will provide a secondary mail server for your domain. we direct you to the appropriate list of services that should be ordered from your ISP.
Because there is no published address receiving incoming network connections. In this case. messages from mailing lists (and other 10/18/2010 . this configuration does not allow you to host a web page or FTP site using your SME Server. To determine to whom the e-mail message is addressed. If your primary ISP cannot supply this. which involves temporarily storing all email messages addressed to your domain in a POP mailbox at your ISP until your server connects and fetches them. DNS address records for web and FTP servers only need to be published if it is likely that someone external to your site will need to connect to them for a particular reason. we strongly encourage you to consider other means of mail delivery before resorting to using multidrop. Some ISPs add a header to each e-mail message as it enters the POP mailbox to assist in determining the addressee. However. However. To determine to whom the e-mail message is addressed. Your POP mailbox must be large enough to hold the e-mail for your organization until it is fetched. some of the addressee information is removed. your server uses several heuristics. If the e-mail cannot be returned to sender. This works very well for normal person-to-person e-mail. As e-mail messages are delivered into the POP mailbox at your ISP. e-mail is handled using a method called "multidrop". Because of the potential problems involved with delivery of e-mail to multidrop mailboxes. make note of the header tag used so that you can configure your server to look for it (explained in a later section).Page 14 of 111 Your web and FTP servers are available to the external world only when your server is connected to the Internet.route all mail for domain name to the single POP mailbox Internet news server (optional) Warning: Note on Service List D (Multidrop Mail) Service list D is applied to configurations where the publication of DNS records is not practical either because your IP address changes frequently or because it is non-routable. your server uses several heuristics. As e-mail messages are delivered into the POP mailbox at your ISP. messages from mailing lists (and other sources where the user's account name is not present in the headers) cannot be delivered. Your POP mailbox must be large enough to hold the e-mail for your organization until it is fetched. Because there is no published address receiving incoming network connections. Any e-mail that cannot be delivered will be returned to the sender. it will be directed to the system administrator. Service list D is applied to configurations where the publication of DNS records is not practical either because your IP address changes frequently or because it is non-routable. e-mail is handled using a method called "multidrop". you can use another ISP for your e-mail hosting. If your ISP does this. this configuration does not allow you to host a web page or FTP site using your SME Server. This works very well for normal person-to-person e-mail. One common header tag is: "X-Delivered-To". If your primary ISP cannot supply this. Service List D Please read the important notes (below) on the limitations of this configuration. which involves temporarily storing all e-mail messages addressed to your domain in a POP mailbox at your ISP until your server connects and fetches them. In this case. ■ ■ ■ ■ PPP dialup access (if you are using dialup connectivity) POP mailbox (with generous size limitation) domain name . you can use another ISP for your e-mail hosting. some of the addressee information is removed.
These servers do not need to be configured into your server as the DNS server that is provided with your server will correctly resolve all local and Internet names.xxx") with the IP address of your server.xxx"). we strongly encourage you to consider other means of mail delivery before resorting to using multidrop. Some ISPs add a header to each e-mail message as it enters the POP mailbox to assist in determining the addressee.com".yourdomain. make note of the header tag used so that you can configure your server to look for it (explained in a later section). For example. "tofu-dog.xxx") and e-mail server ("mail.domain. Terms used in ordering connectivity and services ADSL (or DSL) ADSL is a type of high-speed Internet access that uses regular phone lines and is available in many metropolitan areas. DNS (Domain Name Service) DNS.domain.xxx") should be delivered to your e-mail server ("mail. ensure it is available. 10/18/2010 . Domain Name This refers to the unique name attached to your organization on the Internet.domain. If your ISP does this. and register it. refers to the software and protocols involved in translating domain names to IP addresses. FTP server ("ftp.Page 15 of 111 sources where the user's account name is not present in the headers) cannot be delivered. If you don't have a domain name. One common header tag is: "X-Delivered-To". Your server provides DNS lookup services for your local network. and your ISP typically also provides you with the IP addresses of DNS servers.com" or "e-smith. DNS: Publication of DNS Address Records The publication of DNS address information allows other DNS servers to look up your domain information. or Domain Name Service. Your ISP must publish DNS address records associating the name of your web server ("www. DNS: Publication of DNS Mail (MX) Records The publication of DNS mail (MX) records is the method used to inform Domain Name Services worldwide that all e-mail to your domain ("yourdomain. Because of the potential problems involved with delivery of e-mail to multidrop mailboxes. Any e-mail that cannot be delivered will be returned to the sender. ETRN ETRN is a command used for dialup solutions in order to retrieve e-mail temporarily stored at your ISP Gateway IP Address A gateway is the device on your network that forwards packets to and from the Internet. If the e-mail cannot be returned to sender.xxx"). it will be directed to the system administrator. your ISP can help you select one.
We do not recommend the use of server hardware which is not listed as "Certified" or "Compatible".com/hwcert/.org/index. please have a look at the 'Recommended' Hardware Requirements. For a dialup connection or server-only mode.4. 4. are also processor-intensive.1. This combination supports a wide variety of hardware. Note that we do not believe such a system will provide satisfactory performance for features such as webmail. your server requires two ethernet adapters (also called network adapters or network interface cards).php?topic=36603. will function correctly with SME Server 7. ■ The amount of available RAM is one of the most important considerations for server performance as it reduces the load on the disks. whether you plan to use the proxy server on the server. Only modems that are Linux-compatible may be used.1 Minimum Hardware Requirements Specifications PCI-based i586 or i686 compatible processor 400 MHz 256 MB SATA/PATA or SCSI . We expect that all hardware which is marked as "Certified" or "Compatible" for RedHat Enterprise Linux Update 4 on the RedHat Hardware Compatibility web site. However. please be aware of the following notes: ■ The server ships with the remote access services disabled by default. one ethernet adapter is needed. When you consider the requirements. such as SSH and PPTP. You should consider a fast processor speed if you intend to make significant use of these services. because of its critical role in your office. The hardware requirements of the host computer depend on such things as the number of users on your network. which are cpu intensive will not perform well on this platform.at least 4 GB SCSI adapter must appear on the supported list (only necessary for SCSI systems) The ethernet adapters installed on your server must appear on the supported list. and the speed of your Internet connection.0 of SME Server is based on CentOS 4. WinModems are not supported. If a tradeoff is required.0. Other remote access services. ■ The server should work with any i586 or i686 compatible CPU that can run Centos 4.contribs. selecting an appropriate host computer is important.redhat. Enabling webmail will increase the resource requirements of your server. located at: https://hardware.4 and uses the 2. ■ For a dedicated connection in server and gateway mode. 10/18/2010 Category Architecture Processor speed RAM Hard Drive SCSI adapter Ethernet adapter(s) Modem (for dialup only) . Virus and Spam Scanners. See also a forum thread with users suggestions http://forums.6 series Linux kernel. Table 4. remote access via PPTP. but it is important that any hardware chosen for the server has been tested for compatibility before deployment.0.15 Note: Version 7. Minimum Hardware Requirements The following information outlines what we consider the bare minimum system that will function as a basic file/print server and network gateway.Page 16 of 111 Hardware Requirements of the SME Server The hardware requirements of the SME Server are modest compared with other server software available today. To utilize all the features of SME Server 7. in particular the memory requirement. extra RAM will usually be more beneficial than a faster CPU.
so that if one drive fails. the system will still function. Category Architecture Processor speed RAM Hard Drive SCSI adapter Ethernet adapter(s) Modem (for dialup only) CD-ROM drive Monitor Graphics card Table 4.Software RAID 5 (4-5 drives with SME 7.0.Page 17 of 111 CD-ROM drive Monitor Graphics card ATAPI or SCSI any any 4.Software RAID 6 Note: With SME 7. 10/18/2010 .1 this is no longer a requirement. Recommended Hardware Requirement Specifications PCI-based i686 compatible processor 1. two drives can fail and the system will still function. 5 or 6.3. but should be sufficient for at least 25 users. We highly recommend that at a minimum you utilize 2 identical drives in your sytem to take advantage of the redundancy provided by the RAID configuration.Automatic configuration of Software RAID 1. Recommended Hardware Requirements The following information is what we would suggest is the recommended minimum to utilize all the features of SME Server 7. ATAPI or SCSI any any 4.5GHz 512 MB One or more SATA/PATA or SCSI . WinModems are not supported.1) 6+ Drives . 2 Drives . From SME 7.Software RAID 1 (ready to accept a second drive). Only modems that are Linux-compatible may be used. Your server will be automatically configured as follows: ■ ■ ■ ■ 1 Drive .at least 40 GB SCSI adapter must appear on the supported list (only necessary for SCSI systems) The ethernet adapters installed on your server must appear on the supported list. In the case of RAID 6.2.0 if you utilize more than one drive.2.Software RAID 1 3-5 Drives . Hard Drive Configuration SME Server 7 introduces a new feature . RAID is a way of storing data on more than one hard drive at once. they should all be identical in size and model. How many users this configuration will support depends on how heavily the server will be utilized.
the mirror disk will continue operations as if nothing had happened. your SCSI adapter must be supported by Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.3. you are agreeing to the open source licensing terms and conditions associated with it.Page 18 of 111 4. Simply performing a new installation will erase all previously existing user accounts. please be aware that you should use the procedure described in section 5. Your ethernet adapters must be supported by Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4. as explained in chapter 10. There is more technical information on SME Raid at http://wiki. One is the mirror of the other. just add them and instruct the server via the console to create the mirror. of this guide under the title Software Licensing Terms and Conditions . If you intend to use the tape backup capabilities of the SME Server. If you have not already done so. Licensing Terms and Conditions In installing the SME Server software. If you later wish to add more drives. Installing And Configuring Your SME Server Software The following sections explain in detail the process of installing the SME Server software. Disk mirroring can be accomplished through either software or hardware . you must have a tape drive that is supported by Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4. The server is configured to accept any number of drives and will function properly. All of your data will be protected. Upgrading From A Previous Version in order to preserve your existing configuration and data. Supported Ethernet or SCSI Adapters. or Tape Drives Either one ethernet adapter (in the case of dialup connectivity or server-only mode) or two ethernet adapters (for dedicated connections in server and gateway mode) must be installed on your SME Server.contribs. but we strongly advise they are the same size and type. you may wish to back up the contents of your server onto one of your desktop computers. Note: If you have previously installed and configured a server and are reinstalling the software. Should the primary disk experience a hardware failure. If the computer you plan to use for your server has a SCSI hard disk. It will take some time to build so do it during scheduled maintenance. In disk mirroring. user directories.4. You can do so easily by selecting "Backup or restore" from the server manager. you have the ability to set up disk mirroring.org/Raid 10/18/2010 . RAID1 Support (Disk Mirroring) With SME Server. The level of Raid depends on the number of drives installed. you basically write all of your data to two separate hard disks installed in your server. also called RAID Level 1. i-bay contents and web site and configuration parameters. You can read these terms and conditions in|Chapter 1.1. You can verify the RAID status from the console.2. They can be either SCSI or IDE drives. Software Mirroring The SME Server comes by default with RAID disk mirroring.
you should NOT choose Install . Installing the Software. Installing the Software. Backup or restore 2. If you previously installed software mirroring with a previous version of the software. To do so. Additionally it can simplify configuration because to the operating system the entire RAID disk system looks like one single disk. if you want to upgrade a previous version of the software that was not installed with software mirroring to use software mirroring (RAID1) support. Note: Using one of the supported hardware RAID controllers.x using the standard upgrade process detailed in section 5. you will be able to upgrade from an earlier version of the SME Server to version 6. you should be able to upgrade without any problems.4.Dual hard disk with software RAID-1 mirroring during the installation process described in section 5. As mirroring is performed in hardware.1. While the upgrade should proceed smoothly. restore the backup through the server manager Installing the Software Note: 10/18/2010 . You should back up all your data and test carefully after installation. Warning: It is not possible to use the Upgrade option to add software mirroring (RAID1) to an existing server. you should do a regular installation of the software. If you are going to use hardware mirroring. Upgrading From A Previous Version If you have previously installed a server and now wish to upgrade to version 7. However.4. the performance can be significantly faster than software mirroring.3.) Instead. (Doing so will enable software mirroring. we do recommend that you back up your system prior to performing this upgrade just to be safe. perform a backup through the server manager as detailed in chapter 10. Also see the related Howto UpgradeDisk if you are restoring to a new server or new Drive. Upgrading From A Previous Version. you can do so while preserving your configuration data. you should: 1. you use a special RAID disk controller to perform the actual mirroring across multiple disks. You should be able to use any supported SCSI hardware RAID controller.Page 19 of 111 Hardware Mirroring With hardware mirroring. select Upgrade from the appropriate screen in the installation process as described in section 5. perform a fresh install selecting the software mirroring option 3.
If you skipped section 5.Page 20 of 111 If you are configuring your system with RAID1 support. Step 2: You will be given the option of testing the CD --ROM-. Step 3: Select the language you would like to use during the installation process. 10/18/2010 . Choose OK to test the CD media or choose Skip to start the installation. it would be advisable to read it before proceeding. Step 1: Insert the CD-ROM media. notice that your step 4 below will be slightly different.media before beginning installation.2 RAID1 Support (Disk Mirroring).
Page 21 of 111 Step 4: Select which model keyboard is attached to your computer. 10/18/2010 . You must choose Yes to proceed. Step 5: You are informed that all disks will be formatted and any data will be lost.
Be sure to unplug USB drives. be sure to back them up prior to starting the installation process. USB hard drives are considered non-removable drives. Step 6: Select which time zone you are in.Page 22 of 111 Warning: The installation process formats and erases all attached hard drives. If you have multiple hard drives. The installation process will now automatically proceed to install the necessary packages. The installer ignores all removable drives and uses all non-removable drives that are at least 2Gb in size. 10/18/2010 . Removable drives are USB pen drives and floppy/cd rom drives.
Page 23 of 111 Step 7: Finishing the installation is automatic and takes only a few minutes. At the end of the process. you will be prompted to remove the CD and then to reboot your computer. 10/18/2010 .
you only need one ethernet adapter. you will be presented only with the screens necessary for your given configuration. Obviously. Typically. when you are 10/18/2010 . ■ configuration for the external network/Internet .you must select whether your server will operate in server and gateway mode or server-only mode. detailed explanation of the required information. If your ISP provided you with a summary of your configuration choices and network information. CD.there are several final items to configure. whether to provide status reporting to Contribs. Each screen will provide you with a simple. ■ operation mode . This detection should be disabled in your system's BIOS. Note: As you move through the configuration screens. There are several types of configuration parameters that must be entered into your server: ■ the system password ■ the type of ethernet adapters (network interface cards. As you select a given configuration parameter. Make your necessary changes or use the Keep option to preserve the settings you have set previously. you will notice that there is a "Keep" option which will allow you to keep the choices you may have made previously.org.you must provide information about your internal network so that your server can communicate with other machines on your local network. or NICs) that will be used by your server to communicate with the internal network and the Internet (or external network). USB Disk or Tape drive If you have a DAR backup perform your restore from the server-manager after configuration. Enter your media. the server software will detect this information automatically. ■ miscellaneous information . Configuring your SME Server Tip: To change configuration settings. you are ready to configure your system.Page 24 of 111 Warning: The installation (or upgrade) process rewrites the boot sector on your hard drive. Once your system has restarted (so that it is no longer booting from the installation CD). and whether you wish to secure the server console so that it can only be accessed using the administrator's password.tgz) you are prompted if you wish to restore. (Note that if you are connecting to the Internet with a dialup connection. DVD.) ■ configuration for the internal (local) network .you must configure your server so that it can communicate with your ISP either by a dedicated connection or using a dialup connection (only for server and gateway mode). we suggest that you keep it handy while completing the screens in the configuration section of the server console. at a later date you can login as admin user to your server console and choose the option to Reconfigure your server. This may cause machines with BIOS boot sector virus detection to not boot unattended. such as whether to allow your users to use a proxy server. you have set during install. You will be take through the configuration routine just like during installation. Restoring a Backup If you have a tar backup (usually smeserver.
you will be asked to type it again to confirm that the password was recorded correctly. Depending on how you configure the system. Warning: You can use any ASCII printable characters in the administrator password. You will have the option to go back and change to a stronger password or to continue using the weaker password. (You can later configure other virtual domains that work with the server. a dictionary word). many of these choices will not have been made. you should choose a password that cannot be guessed easily. An example might be "IwmSMES!" as in "I want my SME Server!" (Please don't use this example as your password!) Configuring Your System Name and Domain Name As shown below. yet also be easy to remember. numbers and punctuation. the first thing you will be asked to do is to set the system password. you will see an additional screen asking if you really want to use this password. If it is found to be weak (for instance. but if you later go back to re-configure the system. this option can save time.) 10/18/2010 .Page 25 of 111 configuring your system for the first time. As this password gives someone total control over your server. you may also need to enter this password to access the server console. Setting Your Administrator Password As shown in the image below. This is the password you will enter to access the web-based server manager. The password will also be examined to determine how strong it is from a security point-of -view. It is extremely important that you choose a good password and keep that password secret. Anyone who gains access to this password has the power to make any change to your server! After you enter the password once.and lower-case letters. your next step is to enter the primary domain name that will be associated with your SME Server. A good password should contain mixed upper.
Page 26 of 111 Next you need to provide a name for your server. Which ethernet driver is required depends on which ethernet adapter is installed on your computer. When you do. such as location names. A computer needs a special software program. (For instance.) Tip: You should make the system name as unique as possible in case you someday decide to link your server to another server using an IPSEC VPN. Windows client computers may be mapping drives to your server using its name.also called an ethernet card or network interface card (NIC) . may be an effective way to ensure unique names. Configuring Your Local Network Selecting Your Local Ethernet Adapter An ethernet adapter . Those clients would need to remap the drive using the new name. each server will need a unique name. allowing the computer to communicate with other computers and devices on the network. to use an ethernet adapter. called an "ethernet driver". Using some type of theme. a shown in the screen below: 10/18/2010 . It connects your computer and the ethernet. You should think carefully about this as changing it later may create additional work.is a special piece of hardware that serves as the interface between a computer and the ethernet network. You will first need to select the appropriate driver for the ethernet adapter connected to your local network.
it is likely that your server will be able to detect your hardware automatically and you will simply be able to choose option 1.Page 27 of 111 If you are using a PCI ethernet adapter that appears on our supported list. "Use xxxx (for chipset yyyy)". where 'xxxx' and 'yyyy' are specific to your hardware. (It doesn't matter if a computer on someone else's local network uses the same IP address. If you plan to operate in server and gateway mode (explained in greater detail below). Configuring Local Network Parameters Your SME Server needs information about your local network in order to communicate with the other computers on your network. directly interacts with the external world. select "OK" and proceed to the next screen. Warning: If you configure your server in server-gateway mode make sure the IP address for the internal interface and the one for the external interface are in different ranges that do not overlap. If the software fails to detect it correctly.) As a result. the IP addresses assigned to those computers need only be unique with regards to your local network. Because your server acts as a gateway and firewall. other than your server. we are able to use special "non-routable IP addresses" for your local network. you can manually select the appropriate driver for your ethernet adapter from a list of drivers or from a list of ethernet adapter models. because the two machines will not be in direct contact. After the appropriate driver is selected. including the internal interface of your server. Because no computer on your local network. 10/18/2010 . these will differ from the IP address and subnet mask on the external interface. your server will act as a relay between your local network and the Internet. This includes the IP address and the subnet mask on your server's internal interface.
you can accept the default setting. and provides security and routing. web services. These will be discussed in the next section. Option 1: Server and gateway mode In server and gateway mode. If you are adding your server to an existing network. If. each server will need to use a different range of IP addresses. your server will prompt you with default parameters that are probably appropriate in your situation. Additionally. Tip: If you are installing servers at multiple sites within your organization. your server provides services (such as e-mail. Next. there are a number of extra parameters that will need to be configured. you will need to use the subnet mask used by the local network. one ethernet adapter (for the local network) and a modem for a dialup connection With server and gateway mode. two ethernet adapters (one to communicate with the local network and the other to communicate with the ext 1. however. If you configure your server to operate in server and gateway mode. you may find it useful for later troubleshooting to use different network addresses for each site. The fact that it serves as a "gateway" means it has separate interfaces with each network. if you ever want to establish an IPSEC VPN between the servers. Even if you are not planning to use a VPN right now. you are operating your server in "server-only" mode and there are already servers on your network. your server will require either: 1. you will see the following screen. Otherwise. unless you have a specific need for some other setting. it would be safest to use unique network addresses for each location. you will be prompted to enter the subnet mask for your local network. 10/18/2010 . Operation Mode After configuring your SME Server for your local network. file and print sharing) to your network and also acts as a gateway between your internal network and the outside world. you will need to obtain an unused IP address for your local network.Page 28 of 111 If you have no reason to prefer one set of IP addresses over another for your local network. This is where you select your server's operation mode.
it must be behind a firewall of some type. Your network will resemble the image below: If you have a connection to the Internet by way of another gateway or corporate firewall. Option 3: Server-only mode Server-only mode is appropriate if you do not wish to use the gateway capabilities of your server. but do not wish to publish any services to the external Internet.protected network ". Under no conditions should it be directly connected to the Internet. e-mail. " Server-only mode . On the next configuration screen. simply leave this configuration screen blank. In this instance. 10/18/2010 . file and print-sharing. If you select Option 3. file and print-sharing) to your network. you can configure your server to provide services (including e-mail. Warning: Because the server "trusts" the local network to be secure in server-only mode. ■ Additional firewall rules have been configured to drop packets for various services (such as 'ping' requests). your server connects only to the local network and does not connect directly to the outside world (although it may connect indirectly through your firewall or another server). ■ our mail server is not accessible from outside of the local network. you do not need your server to provide the gateway role because that role is fulfilled by your firewall. In this configuration. You would select this mode only if you wish to use the server as a gateway. web services. your server will provide your local network with web. If you do not have an Internet connection. you should enter the IP address for the Internet gateway on your local network. All services are available on the internal network. The differences are entirely in how your server is seen by the external world.Page 29 of 111 Option 2: Private server and gateway This mode is a variation of option 1 and provides the same functionality with the following differences: ■ our web server is not visible to anyone outside of the local network.
As before. you will need to manually select the driver.Dedicated How you configure your server's external interface depends on whether you are using a dedicated connection or a dialup connection. Therefore. Your server will make this 10/18/2010 .dedicated connection" you will be presented with very different configuration screens than if you configured the server for "server and gateway .dialup connection" (as discussed in the next section). you must select one of two Internet connection types . If it does not. "Keep current driver". your server needs to know which ethernet adapter connects it to the internal network and which adapter connects it to the external network/Internet. you can proceed using Option 1. The next step after selecting a connection type is to enter the specific parameters representing that connection. if you configured your server for "server and gateway mode . Configuring Your External Ethernet Adapter As you did previously with your local ethernet adapter. If it correctly identifies the card.Page 30 of 111 Configuring Server and Gateway Mode If you are configuring your server to operate in server and gateway mode.a dedicated connection (such as ADSL or cable modem) or a dialup connection (in which case you will be connecting to your ISP via a modem). Assigning Your Ethernet Adapters to Network Connection To communicate successfully. you need to configure the driver for your external ethernet adapter. Server and Gateway Mode . the software will attempt to detect the card.
swap the card assignment and retry the test. you will be presented with the following screen: Your server must know three additional things to communicate on the Internet: 10/18/2010 . Configuring Your External Interface With a dedicated connection in server and gateway mode. return to this screen. You will later have the opportunity to "Test Internet Access" from the server console. you will see which driver is associated with eth0 and which is associated with eth1. In the event that this assumption is incorrect.the first ethernet adapter (in position "eth0") will normally be assigned to the local. If you have two cards that use the identical driver you will see a screen such as the one above where the actual driver is not listed. this screen allows you to easily swap that designation. internal network and the second ethernet adapter (in position "eth1") will normally be assigned to the external network/Internet. If your test fails at that time. This information can help you determine which card is eth0 and which is eth1. If you don't know which ethernet adapter is designated to eth0 and which is designated to eth1. Tip: If you are using two different network interface cards. we suggest you leave it in the default configuration while completing the rest of the screens.Page 31 of 111 designation automatically .
select Option 1. Many ISPs that provide ADSL connections use PPPoE as the method of connecting their customers to the Internet over ADSL. subnet mask (or netmask). If you have a static IP address and your ISP is configuring your server using DHCP or PPPoE. If you are using ADSL and need PPP over Ethernet. Assuming you have this information on hand. choose Option 3. and the gateway IP address of the device that your server should connect to in order to communicate with the Internet. it is an implementation of the popular PPP protocol used for dialup connections . If your ISP is providing you with a dynamic IP address. ■ a subnet mask (also called a netmask) which looks like an IP address and allows other computers to infer your network address from your IP address. If you have a static IP address and your ISP does not offer DHCP or PPPoE.Page 32 of 111 ■ its own unique IP address so that Internet data packets can reach it. most ISPs are capable of automatically assigning these configuration parameters to your server using a DHCP server or PPPoE . Normally. Tip: What is PPPoE? PPPoE is the Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet . the ISP will configure this through DHCP or PPPoE and your server will be re-configured automatically whenever your IP address changes. Please read the next section on dynamic DNS for more information about dynamic DNS. When you first connect to your ISP. Note that some ISPs require you to enter their domain name as well as your user name. you would need to know this information and enter it into the server console. ■ the IP address of the external gateway for your server. If you plan to use a Dynamic DNS service. affordable way to ensure continuity of service when your IP address changes. 2 or 3 depending upon how you will be connecting to your ISP. Otherwise. then your ISP will give you the static IP address. Successive screens will prompt you to enter each parameter. However. you will be presented with an additional screen where you can choose which dynamic DNS service you wish to use. It is a simple. This is the IP address of the router on your server's external network. There are some very good reasons to use a dynamic DNS service if you have a dynamically assigned IP address. Configuring Dynamic DNS If you choose either of the DHCP options or PPPoE. select Option 2.only configured to run over an Ethernet connection. select Option 1. It identifies the computer that your server should contact in order to exchange information with the rest of the Internet. You will then be asked for the user name and password you use to connect to your ISP. your server will automatically be given its external interface configuration parameters. 10/18/2010 . Essentially. you can go ahead and select Option 4.
org. dyndns. Configuring the Server for Server and Gateway Mode . This is also true if your ISP charges a fee on a per-minute basis. you might want to have long connection times or a continuous connection. please be aware that you can incur very steep phone charges due to dialup connection attempts to the ISP. Note that the dynamic DNS service may place restrictions on which domain name you can use for your company.com. such as the serial port your modem is connected to *2 ■ modem or ISDN initialization screen . 10/18/2010 .Page 33 of 111 The server is pre-configured to operate with four dynamic DNS organizations: yi.most users can simply leave this blank.) Once the service is selected. successive screens will ask you for the following information: ■ information regarding the modem or ISDN connection with your ISP.com. if you have a separate phone line or unlimited time with your ISP. you can configure what type of policy you wish to have in place during typical work hours. (These two parameters would be given to you by the service.Commercial service" doesn't work. If your telephone carrier charges you per-call or per-minute fees. but with some particular modems or ISDN cards. but doing so would require some customization of the server. (You can elect to use a different service.) Please read Appendix B on dynamic DNS for more information about whether a dynamic DNS is right for you. NB.com . If you are in a small office and wish to share your phone line between your computer and phone or fax.Dialup Access If you select dialup access. and tzo. dyndns. additional information may need to be entered here ■ the dialup access phone number ■ username ■ password ■ connection policy This last item may be of special interest. We are aware of at least one case in which a failed modem link at the ISP resulted in several thousand connection attempts over a couple of days . On the other hand. you may wish to minimize the time you are online. we suggest that you contact your ISP and ask whether it is willing to assume responsibility if a failure at their end results in a large phone bill. Warning: If you are using a dial-on-demand link to your ISP. if you wish to use this service select custom and write your own script. As shown in the screen below. the subsequent two screens will prompt you to enter your account name and the password for your account.and a hefty phone bill.org. the script for "dyndns.
The other is a more general timeout for any other types of packets. The timeout values are shown in the table below. Your SME Server can be configured to provide DHCP service to your internal network. Choosing this option is basically equivalent to creating a permanent or dedicated connection. One example of this use might be to set a Continuous connection policy during work hours and then some variable policy during off-hours and the weekend. The difference is there because it is assumed that people reading a web page may take longer to go on to another web page. subnet mask and gateway IP address. The down side to this is that if someone is reading a long page on the web site or steps away from their computer for a brief moment. the phone line will used for a larger amount of time. #2 Your modem documentation may indicate which serial port is used by the modem. whereas users connecting to another service (such as ssh or POP3 to an external server) probably will be more active than someone using a web browser. On the other hand.Page 34 of 111 After configuring this policy for "work" hours. the Short option minimizes the amount of connection time and frees up the phone line for later use. Configuring Your DHCP Server You now will be prompted regarding DHCP service. There are two separate timeout values configured by each choice. the server will probably have disconnected and will need to redial and connect. These specify how long the server should wait before disconnecting the dialup connection. Assuming that your ISP is okay with this arrangement and you can afford to do so financially. which would allow you to restrict your system from connecting on weekends or during off-hours. setting the Long connection time will result in users experiencing fewer delays while waiting for the server to reconnect. 10/18/2010 . You may also be able to visually identify which port your modem uses. you can then configure the policy for time outside of office hours and additionally for the weekend. This reduces the risk of error and simplifies the process of configuring your network. The DHCP server can automatically configure the other computers on your internal network with such parameters as non-routable IP address. One value is the length of time since the last HTTP (web) packet went through the server. these settings would give your users the fastest response time as the connection would always be online. Choice HTTP Timeout Other Timeout Short 3 minutes 30 seconds Medium 10 minutes 5 minutes Long 20 minutes 10 minutes Note that there is also the option for a Continuous dial-up connection. Notice that you do have the choice of never. The connection policy defines several choices including Short. when they want to then go to another web page. but only doing so through the use of a dial-up connection and a modem or ISDN adapter. Medium or Long. However. If your office only shares a single phone line.
you need to tell it what range of IP addresses it can safely distribute. The Server Console When installation is complete and if you set server console mode to "auto". this section is pre-configured with defaults that are appropriate in most situations. If you have fewer than 180 machines on your local network and no reason to prefer one range of IP addresses over another. you can simply accept the defaults for these screens. you will see the server console screen above. You should not do this if there is an existing DHCP server on your network as there should typically be only one DHCP server per network. Configuring the DHCP Address Range Before the DHCP server is able to assign IP addresses to the computers on your network. 10/18/2010 . After you enter the user name "admin" and your system password.Page 35 of 111 We recommend configuring your server to use DHCP to configure all of your network clients. Client IP Addresses are handed out at the high end of the range. you will be given a login prompt. the opening screen of the SME Server server console will appear: Tip: If you set the server console mode to "login". As above.
Option 3: Test internet access Allows you to test your Internet access. IP address information. direct access to your server. domain names. This is true even when connecting to the server remotely using a tool such as ssh (discussed later in the chapter on Remote Access). etc. 10/18/2010 .Page 36 of 111 Note: Any time that you login to your system as the "admin" user you will see the server console. Option 2: Configure this server Allows you to view and modify the configuration information you entered during the original installation (ethernet cards. From the server console you can get the following information and perform the following tasks: Option 1: Check status of this server Provides you with uptime information about your server. DNS.). The server console provides you with basic. DHCP.
shutdown or reconfigure you server Allows you to smoothly reboot. Option 5: Manage disk redundancy Allows you to manage and view the current RAID status.Page 37 of 111 Option 4: Reboot. reconfigure or shut down your server. For more information see the Raid howto 10/18/2010 .
up and down to move through the page. Lynx has a wide range of other commands which you can learn about through the online help available at http://lynx. Navigation is primarily with the arrow keys . This option merely allows you to perform these functions directly from the server console. left arrow to go back. the server uses a text-based browser called lynx to allow you to access the web-based server manager from the server console. Access server manager with text-mode browser. This is the same interface to which you can connect from another system using a normal graphical browser.org/ Note that for security reasons some regular features of lynx are disabled when you are browsing from the server console (such as the ability to specify an external URL). 10/18/2010 .browser. right arrow to follow a link.Page 38 of 111 Option 6: Access server manager Provides you with a means to access the web-based server manager using a text-based browser. Type 'q' (for 'quit') to exit the text-based browser. Using the Text-based Browser For Option 4.
you can access the Linux operating system underlying the SME Server software by logging in as the user "root". Note that this is the same password as that used by the "admin" user account. Press the function key "F1" for help and "F10" to quit. Be aware that this ability to switch between the server console and a login prompt is only available when you have physical access to the server. you may be interested in trying a file management tool called Midnight Commander.Page 39 of 111 Accessing the Linux Root Prompt If you are an expert user and would like to do advanced modifications to the configuration of your server. You should always ensure that you log out from the root account when you are finished and before you switch back to the server console. If you connect in remotely as the "admin" user and see the server console. Simply type mc at the command prompt.) Note that remote administrative access is disabled by default and must be specifically enabled through the Remote Access panel of the server manager. press Alt-F1. Note: If you are not familiar with working from the Linux prompt. If your server is displaying the server console and not a login prompt. To switch back. however. (You can. Option 7: View support and licensing information Displays the GNU General Public License (the license governing the distribution and use of SME Server software) and information on how to contact Contribs. open up another remote connection to your server and login as the "root" user. you will not be able to switch to a login prompt in that window. Option 8: Perform backup to USB device Attach a USB Device and follow the prompts. 10/18/2010 . The password for the "root" user is whatever password is currently set for the administrator of the server.org for support. you can press Alt-F2 to switch to another screen with a login prompt. It allows you to perform many file operations through a menu-driven interface.
they might be useful supplements to this chapter. you can ensure that all the computers on your network are configured for TCP/IP. you can now access the server manager over the web and create your employees' user accounts. This chapter helps you configure software and hardware supplied by other companies and for that reason is not as specific as the rest of this guide. 10/18/2010 . perform a clean install and when prompted if you wish to restore attach the USB Drive. SME_Server:Documentation:Administration_Manual:Chapter10 Configuring the Computers on Your Network What Order to do Things For efficiency. Don't have the Drive attached during the install or the drive will be formatted !! Note: The console backup to USB device is an independent method not related to the server-manager backup options. If your computers and applications came with manuals. operating systems and software applications. configure one of your desktop computers to work with TCP/IP (using the information in this chapter). we recommend you configure your desktop computers in the following order: Step 1: First.Page 40 of 111 To restore this type of USB Backup. The next chapter. Step 2: With TCP/IP up and running on one of your computers. e-mail. Given the wide range of computers. Step 3: Once e-mail accounts are created. web browsing and LDAP (using the information in this chapter). Technical problems encountered in networking your desktop computers and applications are best resolved with the vendors who support them for you. we cannot accurately explain the process of configuring each of them. explains this simple process.
the window will look like the image below. open TCP/IP Control Panel. select "DHCP server". etc. To get there. On a Windows 95/98 system. Should you ever need to change network settings or troubleshoot your network later.g. NetBeui. 10/18/2010 . In Apple. In Apple.) In Windows. enable DHCP service See section below Item What to enter In Windows you add a TCP/IP protocol. If a TCP/IP protocol is not yet associated with your ethernet adapter. Configuring Your Desktop Operating System The dialog box where you configure your desktop differs from operating system to operating system and version to version. disable non.Page 41 of 111 Warning: This chapter demonstrates only one of the many possible ways to configure your client computers and is provided here as an example.Unless an application relies on a nonTCP/IP TCP/IP protocol. go to the "Control Panel" and select "Network". Turn "off" other networking protocols (e. in Microsoft Windows 95 or 98. client configuration occurs in the "Properties" dialog box associated with the TCP/IP protocol for your ethernet adapter. you may need to add one before you can configure its properties with the following information. you will find it much easier to work in an environment where addresses are automatically assigned. Note: We strongly recommend that you configure all clients machines using DHCP rather than manually using static IP addresses. enable "Obtain an IP address service automatically". disable all other protocols protocols. Description All your computers must communicate enable TCP/IP on the network using the TCP/IP protocol protocol. As an example.
it is possible to provide this static IP address directly through DHCP rather than manually configuring the client computer. Next you will go to the Hostnames and addresses web panel of the server manager and enter the information there. you may want to use a static IP address for a particular client machine. consult the section in the|Chapter 5 called "Configuring Your DHCP Server". The typical approach is to manually enter this IP address into the network properties of the specific machine. subnet mask.Page 42 of 111 Automatic DHCP Service Your server provides a DHCP server that assigns each of the computers on your network an IP address. However. Warning: 10/18/2010 . To do so. Note: In some rare cases. you will first need to determine the Ethernet address of the client computer (usually through the network properties). For a more detailed explanation of DHCP. gateway IP address and DNS IP address(es). The negative side of this approach is that you cannot easily change or alter network settings without having to go in and modify the information on the client machine.
64 will have been set aside for manual entry. gateway IP addresses and DNS addresses will be assigned automatically by the server DHCP server.1. What to enter You must assign a different. However.255. If you have a firewall other than your Manually enter this information.255. New IP addresses. firewall or network router). if your computers do not support DHCP. Leave DHCP enabled.the default used in the server console is "192. enter the IP address for the device interfacing with your external network. netmasks. the running in server-only mode. you must manually enter the following information into your TCP/IP properties: Item IP address subnet mask (or netmask) gateway IP address Description Manually enter this information (see paragraph below). If you are your network's gateway (e.2 through 192. he default subnet mask (or netmask) is Manually enter this number.168.1". unique IP address to computers not accepting DHCP (see note below). If you accepted the defaults pre-configured into the server console. and reboot each computer. "255. To avoid duplication. you designated a range of IP addresses for DHCP assignment. Enter the IP address for the server If you are running in server and gateway mode.0".1. you may need to enter additional DNS servers here. If a former DHCP server configured your computers.1". It is even possible to assign a static IP address through the Hostnames and addresses web panel of the server manager that will be distributed through your DHCP server. you should remove that DHCP server from your network. use only those IP addresses when manually assigning IP addresses to your computers.1.g. in the case of server-only mode. In enabling DHCP service in the server console. server that restricts internal queries to Internet DNS servers. we strongly recommend that you perform all your client configuration using DHCP. Enter its IP or. IP addresses 192.Page 43 of 111 Only One DHCP Server It is imperative that no other DHCP server is on your network. 10/18/2010 . your server is your local network's gateway.168.168. IP addresses of your domain name servers It is critical that every computer on your network has a unique IP address and that you don't assign two computers the same address. enter the IP address for address here: the default is "192.1. You also allocated a block of IP addresses for manual assignment. Normally you would just add the IP address for your server .168. Manual entry for computers not using DHCP service As noted above.
Enter 10/18/2010 . you may need to reboot your desktop computer to implement the configuration changes.and "Computer Name" and click Change. Enter your servers "workgroup" value in the domain field and 'Connect'. go to the "Control Panel". type your "workgroup". and click on change. (For example. (In a subsequent chapter. select "System" --"Network"-. we'll explain how this can be set using the webbased server manager. In the field for "Workgroup". your computer will be connected to the server and to the Internet.) Once the settings take effect. select "System". (In a subsequent chapter. most Windows systems need to be rebooted after the TCP/IP configuration has been changed. we'll explain how this can be set using the web-based server manager. MS Windows workgroup configuration If you are using a Microsoft operating system. you must ensure that your workgroup is the same as the workgroup name of your server.) Connecting to a Domain To connect a windows XP client to your domain.Page 44 of 111 After configuring the TCP/IP parameters. MS Windows Domain configuration SME Server can be configured to be the "Workgroup and Domain Controller" for your network.) Go to the Control Panel. then "Computer Name". here users do not need accounts on individual PC's but authenticate against the Server.
168.1. Remote access is only possible using remote access tools such as ssh and PPTP or by allowing access to IP ranges set in Security > Remote Access 10/18/2010 .168. (*) Admin or any user in the 'Domain Admins' group can join the domain.bat Chapter 13 has an alternative method for admin to edit the netlogon.bat file pico -w /home/e-smith/files/samba/netlogon/netlogon.1. you are only able to access the server-manager through a web browser on the local network.Page 45 of 111 the username of admin(*) with the servers admin password when asked. Setting up network drives If you are using SME Server as a domain controller and the workstations have joined the domain you can automate drive mapping and syncronise the PC time with the netlogon.99 during initial configuration you gain access with---https://192.99/server-manager or https://nemo/server-manager.bat file On-going Administration using the server-manager The server-manager is your SME Server control panel for administrative tasks. The server-manager can be accessed via a web browser from any client connected to the same local network using a variety of URL formats: ■ https://www.bat REM To set the time when clients logon to the domain: net time \\servername /set /yes REM To map a home directory to drive h: net use h: /home /persistent:no net use j: \\servername\ibay1 /persistent:no net use p: \\servername\ibay2 /persistent:no if exist Z: net use Z: /del /yes and reset file to dos format unix2dos /home/e-smith/files/samba/netlogon/netlogon.xxx/server-manager ■ https://ip-of-your-server/server-manager ■ https://name-of-your-server/server-manager If you had chosen the server name "nemo" and ip-adress 192. --- Note: For security reasons. and you should get back the response 'Connected to workgroup'.yourdomain.
A user account includes separate. Fred's user account would be "ffrog". pseudonyms of "firstname. Enter that information and click "OK" to be taken to the server-manager. Let's assume you've decided that the account name should consist of first initial and last name. you will need to establish what your naming convention will be. Collaboration Users User accounts should be set up for each person in your organization. The account name must contain only lower-case letters and numbers and should start with a lower-case letter (not a number). In the next five chapters. 10/18/2010 . There are some basic rules built into the server as to what constitutes a valid account name. Administration. Configuration and Miscellaneous. we'll explain each of the administrative functions.com". So. Fred's file directory on the server would also be named "ffrog".com. you'll be asked to enter your user name (which is always "admin") and the password you created during the installation process. Assuming your domain name is tofu-dog. password-protected email and file storage areas. The links are grouped together under four headings: Collaboration. Longer names can be created for email through the >Pseudonyms panel. For your information. Fred's email address would be "ffrog@tofu-dog. if you have an employee named Fred Frog.Page 46 of 111 When you arrive at the correct URL.lastname" and "firstname_lastname" are automatically created for each account. User account names are limited to twelve characters to maintain consistency with various versions of Windows. Security. It will look like the screen shown above. If this is the first time you are setting up user accounts for your organization.
If you haven't already created any accounts. the person's name. If you leave the user account locked out. company and phone number. User accounts are locked out and cannot be used until you set the initial password for each account . As a reminder of this. the administrator has not yet changed the password for user "Sally Salmon"). the defaults that you entered in the "Directory" section of the server-manager appear each time you create a new account. select "Click here" and fill in the requested information . 10/18/2010 . the user will not be able to access services on your server. but the email will be delivered to the external email address. you can create the user account but set the email delivery option in the user account to 'Forward to address below' and enter the external address.Page 47 of 111 In the "User Accounts" section of the server-manager. Note: If you want someone to have an email address at your company. address. As a convenience. if necessary. modify the information for each user as you create the account. You can. department. you will see a list of your current accounts. but want the messages forwarded to another external email address. you can easily modify or remove a user account (by clicking on "modify" or "remove" next to the user name) or set the user's password. (In the example shown here. From the list of user accounts. user accounts appear in red until the password is changed.the account name (the part of the email address that comes before "@").
They do this through their web browsers by visiting the URL www. If that fails. if a user account is set to forward email to an external email address.xxx/user-password . config setprop passwordstrength Users normal config setprop passwordstrength Ibays normal 10/18/2010 . Educating your users on the necessity of strong passwords is the best option.xxx/user-password (where "www. you need to reset the password using the link on the User Accounts servermanager panel. For instance.xxx" is the web server name you entered into the server console).yourdomain. To disable any user account on your server. Therefore. How do I change it? First a warning . When an account is disabled. but the user will be unable to retrieve the email. a user would enter his or her account name (the characters before "@"). Note that changing the password for a user in the server-manager overrides any previous password entered by your user. To make the change. your users can set their own passwords by accessing the user-password URL which is only accessible from Local Networks. which was the setting in previous versions of SME. To re-enable the user account. The user will no longer be able to retrieve email or connect to any files or other resources on the server. All they can do is set a new password for the user. Note: There is no way for the administrator to recover a forgotten password for a user. when an employee leaves the company. the old password and the new password (to ensure accuracy. you will need to modify the properties for that user account. but still keep their files or email address active until the information can be examined. the email will be forwarded to that external address. As noted above. Changing User Passwords Once they have an active account. just click on the Lock Account link on the User Accounts server-manager panel. here is how you change the password strength checking from 'strong' to 'normal'. To prevent this. As soon as you click the link. simply reset it in the server. when a user forgets his password.Page 48 of 111 Disabling User Accounts There may be times when you do not wish to delete a user account but instead merely want to disable it. Be careful to use the exact capitalization. the screen asks for the new password twice).manager.yourdomain.yourdomain. Note: Password strength checking is too strong. the account will be locked out. email will still be received for that user name.Far too many systems out there have weak passwords and they will be broken into. you may want to immediately remove their access to the server. The staff at The Pagan Vegan would visit the URL www.
and it allows the system administrator to associate groups of users with a single information bay (ibay). If you fail to do so. to disable password strength checking by setting to 'none' Groups This screen allows you to create. the group will not be created and you will receive an error message. remove or change user groups. The user group function serves two purposes in the SME Server: it permits email to be sent conveniently to a group of users.for example. which are simply lists of people with a shared interest . check the boxes next to the names of the users who should be associated with that group. they work in the same department or are collaborating on a project. you are required to assign at least one user to that group. Creating a new group is a simple three-step process. 10/18/2010 .Page 49 of 111 It is also possible. Finally. Warning: When you create a group. followed by a brief description. these should begin with a lower-case letter and consist only of lower-case letters and numbers). You enter the group name (as with account names. but strongly discouraged.
you will see a list of user accounts. if you wish to limit the disk space a particular user account can use. he or she will still have their old group membership information.htm for the rights granted to the different groups. suppose you create a new group "sales" and assign user "ffrog" (Fred Frog) to that group. if any. Now he should be able to go through Windows Explorer and access the "salesinfo" i-bay without any problem. just log out) and login again. the user must log out and log back in for those changes to take effect.com/xp_groups. Fred Frog is still logged into a Windows PC and now tries to connect to the new i-bay through Windows Explorer. Setting admin rights If you are using SME Server as a domain controller and the windows workstations have joined the domain then by adding users to special groups you are able to change the rights a users has on that workstation. He will receive a permission-denied error. So if you create a group called "admins" and give it a description of "Domain Admins" then anyone you assign to this group will be a domain admin and also a local admin on ANY box that has joined the domain. set for that user account.Page 50 of 111 After you add (or remove) a user account from a group. The domain always has three groups created. assigned as follows: Group Description Domain Admins Domain Users Domain Guests Domain Rights admin shared (everyone) nobody If you create a group and name it whatever you want but put one of the above for the description then the newly created group will replace the above mapping. 10/18/2010 . Until the user does so. He must log out of Windows (he does not need to shut down or reboot. Quotas By default. For instance. As shown in the image below.kellys-korner-xp. You can also create a less privileged group "Power Users" see http://www. However. the actual disk space they are using and the quotas. You then create a new i-bay called "salesinfo" that only the "sales" group can access. there is no size limit on the files a user may store on the server nor the amount of email that can be received. you may do so on the " Quotas " panel in the server-manager.
■ Absolute limit . This includes not just their home directory. but also all files that they may put into any of the i-bays. the user will no longer be able to save files to the server or receive email. an email warning message will be sent to the user account each night until the disk usage is brought back under the limit. 10/18/2010 . There are two quotas that can be applied to each user account: ■ Limit with grace period .when a user's disk usage exceeds this limit. Warning: Email for the user account is not lost! It is held in the delivery queue and will be delivered to the user when their disk usage drops back below their absolute limit (or the "limit with grace period" if they were locked out due to seven days above that limit). the account will be treated as if it exceeded the absolute limit and will no longer be able to save files or receive email.Page 51 of 111 Warning: Note that the quotas apply to all files that a user stores on the server. Note that if the user account exceeds the "Limit with grace period" for seven consecutive days.when a user's disk usage hits this limit.
xxx" will be distributed automatically to all members of that group. when you create a group account. If you wish to modify or remove any of these pseudonyms. These two pseudonyms are in the form of "firstname.Page 52 of 111 By selecting " Modify " you are able to set a quota (in Megabytes) for a particular user account. In addition to user and group accounts. these three pseudonyms are there. his primary email address will be "email@example.com" and "firstname_lastname". Note: The special pseudonyms of "everyone".xxx". he will also be able to receive email sent to "fred.frog@mycompany. you can use the web panel found under the "Collaboration" section of the server-manager. Additionally. "postmaster" and "mailer-daemon" are created pointing to the "admin" user. your server also automatically creates several pseudonyms . 10/18/2010 . but will not be visible on the Pseudonyms web panel. Until that time. that group account name functions as an email alias. If you set a limit and later wish to disable the quota for a given user account.xxx". Note that you do not have to set both limits for a user account and can choose to set only one of the limits. Likewise. For instance. For instance. all you need to do is set the limit to "0". your server creates a special pseudonym called "everyone" that includes all user accounts on the system. for example. Hence. as shown below. As you add and remove members to the group.xxx" and "fred_frog@mycompany. messages to "sales@mycompany. or create new ones. you create a group called "sales". your server automatically updates the email alias. for each user account. so that messages addressed to the group ID will be sent to all members of the group. If. the server creates two separate pseudonyms using the first and last names of the user. if you have a user named Fred Frog with the user account "ffrog". Two other pseudonyms. "postmaster" and "mailer-daemon" will only be visible after you have either added a user account to the system or have added a custom pseudonym. Pseudonyms Any user who has an account on your SME Server will be able to receive email sent to that user ID. when you create the user account "ffrog" for a user with the name Fred Frog.
In the example shown. Pseudonyms can be linked to existing user or group accounts. there are some restrictions on the text content of the names. 10/18/2010 . a pseudonym for webmaster is being set to point to ffrog.Page 53 of 111 As noted on the screen below.
Page 54 of 111 Practical usage guidelines An SME Server has only one name set. a pseudonym or an ibay. 10/18/2010 . domain3. domain2. whether it be a user. So the user account "sales" will receive email for sales@domain1 sales@domain2 sales@domain3 sales@domain4 The problem with this is that you cannot have different people using the same user account name to collect email. a group. The golden rule is never allocate unique user names to end users accounts as these will no longer be available for globalname@domain type email address usage. Using the pseudonyms panel is the only way that SME Server can distribute email for the same user "name@different-domain" names. but you need to use it in conjunction with the correct underlying naming concepts. then that user will apply to all domains automatically. Therefore whenever you create a user account and you have multiple domains. meaning only one occurrence of a name can be in the system. You can even setup different groups to allow only different users to access each ibay to update web content etc. eg create your domains eg domain1. domain4 and configure those domains to use different ibays for the web content.
but keep in mind they will use the login name user5 etc rather than info create user accounts user9. that's the compromise to be accepted if using sme this way. It is quite common in practise. Alternative configuration of users 10/18/2010 . then that will also work as a valid email address ie user1@domain1 will deliver email to user1. but keep in mind they will use the login name user1 rather than sales (the login names could be johnb. This is not usually a problem as you simply don't tell user1 that any other hosted domain addresses will work for that name. If you don't configure webmail profiles manually then they will have the default return address of loginusername@domain1 (or the main domain name of the server if different). info or accounts for any other purpose ie. user12 as needed for users who want to use the email address "accounts". user6. The email address for the user will be the same as the pseudonym ie sales@domain1 and that is the address the user should publish and use as the return email address. user8 as needed for users who want to use the email address "info". As the user account user1 has been created on the server. in the pseudonyms field type the whole pseudonym name as sales@domain1 Note do not use sales. johnw. user11. Obviously the name before the @domain is different to their login username. user2. user7. but note also that email "inadvertantly" sent to user1@domain2 or user1@domain3 or user1@domain4 will also be sent to user1. as users often have different "position related" pseudonyms anyway eg manager@domain1 forwards to user1. If your want your end users to use webmail then they login in using the URL https://domain1/webmail https://domain2/webmail https://domain3/webmail https://domain4/webmail If you want webmail to be configured for the correct domain for the correct end user the first time they use it.Page 55 of 111 create user accounts user1. user3. but keep in mind they will use the login name user9 etc rather than accounts create pseudonyms eg sales@domain1 which forwards to user1 sales@domain2 which forwards to user2 sales@domain3 which forwards to user3 sales@domain4 which forwards to user4 info@domain1 which forwards to user5 info@domain2 which forwards to user6 info@domain3 which forwards to user7 info@domain4 which forwards to user8 accounts@domain1 which forwards to user9 accounts@domain2 which forwards to user10 accounts@domain3 which forwards to user11 accounts@domain4 which forwards to user12 ie. as user account names or group names or pseudonym names (on its own) or ibay names. johnm etc) create user accounts user5. user10. then you will need to do that manually yourself before issuing the login details to the user. eg login to webmail as the end user eg user1 (for domain1) and setup the profile for that user to show the return email address of sales@domain1 login to webmail as the end user eg user2 (for domain2) and setup the profile for that user to show the return email address of sales@domain2 Do the same for all other webmail accounts that will be issued configuring the profile and return address as applicable. user4 as needed for users who want to use the email address "sales". Summary eg For user1 for domain1 The user account will be user1 (eg johnb) and the person uses that name (& corresponding password) to login to the server or to webmail. johnb2.
It is such a rich and important feature that we've devoted Chapter 14 (http://wiki. There are posts in the contribs. johnw. See this thread for details http://forums. johnb1. then the only other way you could setup users is to have only one occurrence of a user name in the system eg john.org/index. john3.org/SME_Server:Documentation:Administration_Manual:Chapter14) entirely to dealing with Information Bays. Any email sent to any of the addresses will automatically be received by the end user account. The following backup methods are restored from the server manager. but you only tell the end user about their domain eg john@domain1 john2@domain1 john3@domain2 johnb@domain1 johnb2@domain2 johnb3@domain3 etc but john@domain2 and john@domain3 etc will still work. it is the console backup it is refering to.Page 56 of 111 If the above method is not acceptable/desirable.contribs. is to host only one domain on each SME Server ie have a different server for every domain. They are controlled through the web panel shown below. similar to what ISP's do anyway. Administration Backup or restore You can easily back up the contents of your SME Server using one of three methods. 10/18/2010 . There is no need to configure pseudonyms in that case. johnb. johnws etc. and the user account name and login name will be the same. very flexible and powerful way for you to share information with others. john1.contribs. You will still need to configure Webmail profiles manually for each domain that is different to the default domain. SME_Server:Documentation:Administration_Manual:Chapter6#Option_8:_Perform_backup_to_USB_d When prompted if you wish to restore from a backup during a new install.org forums explaining how to do this and forward/delegate email for different domains from one gateway server to other server-only boxes on the same LAN using the same Internet connection. Note: The console backup to USB device is an independent method not related to these options. The ultimate answer to having separately administered domains and identical user names at different domains. johnb2.php?topic=30953. john2.0 Information Bays The i-bay (information bay) feature of the SME Server is a simple. Every username will be a valid (email address) for every domain hosted on your server.
To desktop Backup to desktop The first type of backup allows you to save a snapshot of your server configuration onto your desktop computer. each of which is described in the following sections. you should first re-install the SME Server software and then perform the "Restore from backup" when prompted. as well as the configuration parameters entered using the server console and the server manager. Therefore.4 Ideally you should restore on a freshly installed server. ensure you have copied the backup file to to an attached USB disk. use backup to workstation to perform large backups to locally attached USB disks or network shares. a browser window will appear that will allow you to name the file and select the location on your desktop where the file will be saved. i-bay contents and web content. This will save all user accounts.Page 57 of 111 You have seven actions you can perform. if you are planning to do a restore. Restore from desktop Restore from Desktop was removed in version 7. When you choose Backup to desktop. The web panel shows you the size of the backup file so that you can verify whether sufficient space exists on your desktop machine. user directories. Please be aware that there is a 2GB limit on backup to desktop. CD or DVD 10/18/2010 .
check the box next to Enable Tape Backup and then specify the time at which you wish the backup to occur and the time at which reminder notices should be sent. and full or selective restore with use of dar program. Restore from tape If you are performing regular backups. This is normally the user admin. Warning: Note that this restore procedure only restores user data and configuration information. If you have not done this.net/man/8/mount. but users have also noticed that leading spaces and exclamation marks should not be used.cifs (http://linux. you must have first checked off Enable Tape Backup and scheduled nightly backups. You must reboot your system after the restore for the changes to take effect. the system will read the files from tape and overwrite any currently existing files. but you can change this in the server manager. Configure tape backup The second type of backup involves configuring your system to perform a daily full system backup to a tape drive using a software package called flexbackup . you should first re-install the SME Server software and then perform a restore from tape.cifs) page comma's should be avoided.Page 58 of 111 To Tape Warning: Be aware that you must use a supported tape drive and that a tape must be inserted in the drive for the backup to work. If you experienced a serious system crash.die. After you press the Perform button. It does not restore system files. you can also restore user data and configuration settings by using the Restore from tape option. For more details see bugzilla:4850. If you wish to activate this option. you will not be able to restore from tape using the server manager. To Workstation or USB Drive Backup to workstation provides for daily full or incremental backup on LAN workstation (via nfs or cifs) or local usb disk. Note that in order to restore data from tape. Note: When using a CIFS mount you need to be aware of limitations in the characters you can choose in your password. According to the man mount. Note: Reminder e-mail messages for tape backups are automatically sent to the e-mail address that is configured to receive administrative notices. 10/18/2010 .
and restore your system at any state it was during this period of time.. exactly as it was for any of the saved days in your sets. Without any filter options. This probably has no utility to do full restore of the system as it was one month ago. You have the option of restricting the file to a date range. 100 days. And restoring a safe system more than one day old can be needed.. The third function is selective restore of any saved file or directory. Selective restore is not an easy thing to manage by hand.. Selective file restore from workstation This option allows you to restore a single file. one week.. Not only you can restore a lost file at it's last state. For changes to standard usage and fuller explanations see Backup_with_dar For help with USB Disk preparation see USBDisks Configure workstation backup Configure your backup destination and optoins to suit your situation. Verify workstation backup This option allows you to verify that the backup was completed successfully. e. 10/18/2010 . one month. you select the log file that you want to view and press the "View Log File" button.g. This should ideally only be performed on a clean install. View log files This panel allows you to view the system log files on you server. The second function is keeping more than one set of backup (a set is full backup data and all data of next daily incremental backups) with automatic rotation. As shown in the image below.Page 59 of 111 The main features of backup with dar aside use of session timeout are: Incremental backup. Dar permits to manage selective restore and e-smithbackup with dar panels tries to keep this function as simple as possible to use. This means that you can backup and restore data for the period of time you want : one day. but restoring a file lost by a user two or three weeks ago can be useful. you will see the entire log file. you can do only nightly full backups but keep three sets of backup for security reason (as being able to restore the system as it was 72h ago). and providing this in a simple way with panels is useful. but also say : make restore of the most recent version of the file before this given date. three days. Restore from workstation This option allows you to restore a complete backup.
if you were interested in messages relating to DHCP. you can use these reports to see how your system is operating. This will show you all DHCP-related messages. if you pop up the menu. As an example. 10/18/2010 . Both options can be used together. you could examine the log file messages with a filter pattern of DHCP. If you enter any text in the " Filter Pattern " box. While the default setting provides basic statistics. only lines of the log file containing that text will be displayed. Be aware that the filter is case-sensitive.Page 60 of 111 You will probably find the log file of most interest to be messages where most of the system services write log messages. If you enter any text in the " Highlight Pattern " box. If you suspect that there is a problem with the delivery of your e-mail. Mail log file analysis If you are using your SME Server to send and receive e-mail. the messages relating to DHCP acknowledgements will appear in bold. If you further add a highlight pattern of DHCPACK. The information can also help you decide how best to optimize your system. you will see a range of other options. there are now a number of reports available that can help you analyze your system's performance. that text will be shown in bold.
There is a similar function in the server console as well.Page 61 of 111 Reboot or shutdown If you need to shut down or reboot your server. Note that this screen initiates the shutdown or reboot immediately after you click the "Perform" button. using this screen will ensure that the shutdown sequence occurs gracefully. 10/18/2010 . preserving all configuration and information on your server.
Additionally. either from a computer on your internal network or from a computer outside your site on the Internet. the SME Server provides several different ways to access the underlying operating system. 10/18/2010 . you have the ability to access your computer network securely from a remote computer. Each of these remote access methods is described below.Page 62 of 111 Security Remote Access If you're an advanced user. All of these operations are configured from the screen shown below in the server manager.
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and enter that number here. you can also access the information stored on your server. For instance. A VPN is a private network of computers that uses the public Internet to connect some nodes. you must decide how many individual PPTP clients you will allow to connect to your server simultaneously. if you have five users who from time to time use PPTP to connect remotely. If you have a remote Windows system (for instance. entering 5 here would allow all of them to connect at any time. no PPTP connections would be allowed. If.Page 64 of 111 PPTP (VPN) The Point-to-Point Tunnelling Protocol (PPTP) is used to create client-to-server Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) and was developed by the PPTP Forum. an industry group which included Microsoft and several other companies. Entering 2 would only allow two users to connect at any given time. you can enter a lower number here. a laptop or a home computer) that has access to the Internet. If a third user tried to connect. If you wish to enable VPN access. he or she would receive an error message and would not be able to connect until one of the other users disconnected. Microsoft's PPTP implementation is widely used in the Windows world to provide remote access across the Internet. you entered 0. The simplest method is to enter the total number of remote PPTP clients in your organization. PPTP allows users to connect to their corporate networks across the Internet. 10/18/2010 . on the other hand. Alternatively. if you have a slow connection to the Internet and do not want all of those PPTP clients to connect at the same time.
and require an inbound VPN connection to support external users. Note: After changing the number of pptp clients allowed. After it is installed (a reboot of your Windows system may be needed). You may need to install the 40-bit encryption update first. Once you're finished. If you are using an external router or gateway to your server. For a more detailed description of the PPTP protcol see http://en. you will want to look or search for Virtual Private Networking or a Dial Up Networking 128-bit encryption update . To connect using PPTP. Due to the dynamic nature of Microsoft's web site. reliable solution is to remove the router and let the SME Server handle the link directly.com/ and download the appropriate update. rather than the 40-bit encryption provided in earlier versions of Microsoft's PPTP software.microsoft. the increased number of users is not updated until existing users have logged off. you should visit http://windowsupdate. if you are not presented with the choice for this update. When you then open up your Network Neighborhood window. Forwarding PPTP inbound is frequently unreliable due to the way PPTP works. you should be able to initiate a PPTP connection by double-clicking the appropriate icon in the Dial-Up Networking window. the SME Server enforces the use of 128-bit encryption for PPTP connections. 10/18/2010 . The simple.wikipedia. In most cases. Typically. you should see your server workgroup listed there. you will need both TCP port 1723 and the GRE protocol to be forwarded. it is most likely already installed in your system. Note that with Microsoft's ActiveUpdate process.Page 65 of 111 Before the server is ready to accept PPTP connections each user that is to be allowed access is to be granted 'VPN Client Access' in the Users panel of the /server-manager. and then install the 128-bit encryption update. Note: PPTP uses TCP port 1723 and the Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) protocol. Not all allow inbound connections. you can create new connections through the Dial-Up Networking panel by entering the external IP address of the server you wish to connect to. If you are unable to establish a PPTP connection to your server.org/wiki/Point-topoint_tunneling_protocol Warning: To protect your network. However most PPTP passthrough routers only allow outbound connections. this is done through the Network Control Panel (you may need to have your original Windows installation CD available). the protocol must be installed on each remote Windows client. the page may appear differently depending upon the version of Windows you are using.
223. In addition to UNIX and Linux systems. access the server manager through a text browser or perform other server console tasks.If you choose Yes (the default).255.24 255. visit http://www. Note: 10/18/2010 . is a free version of the ssh tools and protocol. The protocol itself has two versions .Change the port the ssh client connects to the server. A more secure way to allow ssh access is called RSA Authentication and involves the copying of an ssh key from the client to the server. encrypted way to login to a remote machine across a network or to copy files from a local machine to a server. (See the section below. you should next be prompted for your user name. 822 This provides some protection from attacks on the usual port of 22.both of which are supported by most clients and servers today. and other related products. The user would then have full access to the underlying operating system.255. In most cases we recommend setting this to No.) If you do not have any reason to allow remote access. SSH (secure shell) provides a secure. To allow a single computer (or network of computers behind a firewall) add it's IP and the netmask.Page 66 of 111 Remote Management To allow access to the /server-manager from remote networks add allowed IP addresses to the Remote Management section. visit http://www. ■ Allow ssh using standard passwords .This allows someone to connect to your server and login as "root" with the administrative password. OpenSSH.com/.255 SSH If you need to connect directly to your server and login from a remote system belonging to you. This can be useful if someone is providing remote support for your system. After you enter admin and your administrative password. From here you can change the server configuration. Many people do not realize that many programs such as telnet and ftp transmit your password in plain. For more information about OpenSSH. The server provides the ssh client programs as well as an ssh server daemon and supports both the SSH1 and SSH2 protocols. users will be able to connect to the server using a standard user name and password. ssh client software is now also available for Windows and Macintosh systems. The ssh protocol was originally invented by SSH Communications Security which sells commercial ssh servers. For more information about SSH Communications Security and its commercial products. clients. This may be a concern from a security point of view. you have additional configuration options: ■ Allow administrative command line access over ssh . you should be able to connect to your server simply by launching the ssh client on your remote system and ensuring that it is pointed to the external domain name or IP address for your server.com/. unencrypted text across your network or the Internet.openssh. Once ssh is enabled.102.SSH1 and SSH2 . in that someone wishing to break into your system could connect to your ssh server and repeatedly enter user names and passwords in an attempt to find a valid combination. included with the SME Server. ssh and its companion program scp provide a secure way to login or copy files. In the default configuration. choose a random free port eg. we strongly encourage you to use ssh. you will be in the server console. If you do enable ssh access.ssh. we suggest you set this to No access.19. See the User Manual for details ■ TCP Port for secure shell access .
Telnet Telnet has traditionally been one of the tools used to login remotely to other systems across a network or the Internet. you will need to access the underlying Linux operating system and manually change the user's shell. FTP user account access: Private FTP access allows only people on your internal network to write files to your server. Some advanced users may wish to extend privileges to more than one network of computers. dramatically reducing the security of your server. However. you want to be able to update your web site from home using FTP.com/windows.Page 67 of 111 By default. If.html and http://www. Note that allowing liberal FTP access to your server does reduce your security. This screen enables you to set your policy for FTP. ■ SSH clients A number of different free software programs provide ssh clients for use in a Windows. telnet access has been removed from the SME Server Local networks Your SME Server provides services to machines on the local network and it gives machines on that network special privileges and access. only two user names can be used to login remotely to the server: admin (to access the server console) and root (to use the Linux shell). if you choose "Disable public FTP access" here and then later configure an i-bay to allow public FTP access from the Internet. only machines connected to the local network can access the mail server on your server to send mail. provided they have an account and password. you provided it with sufficient information to deduce its own local network. such access will be forbidden. We strongly recommend you leave this as Private unless you have a specific reason to do so. For example. If you give another user the ability to login remotely to the server. Note that one of the choices here allows you to completely disable any use of FTP. You have two options that you can set here. you will be asked to enter those network IDs and the subnet mask for each network here. all user names and passwords are transmitted without any kind of encryption. If your company only has one network that is being serviced by the server.html.ssh. you would choose the "Public" setting. you do not need to add any information here. If you would like your server to identify one or more additional networks for those privileges. Note that the client is free for evaluation. Several are extensions of existing telnet programs that include ssh functionality. For example. or "file transfer protocol". Two different lists of known clients can be found online at http://www. Public FTP access allows users both inside and outside your local network to read or write files on your server. FTP Another way to upload or download files to and from your server is to enable a protocol called FTP. for example. 10/18/2010 .openssh. Regular users are not permitted to login to the server itself. academic and certain non-commercial uses.org/.freessh. Macintosh or Linux environment. A commercial ssh client is available from SSH Communications Security at: http://www. Machines on the network are automatically identified by the server as being eligible for these privileges and access. When you configured your server. when you use telnet. FTP access limits: This allows you to set an overall site-wide policy for FTP access. The setting you choose here will override all other FTP settings on your server .com/products/ssh/download. Because ssh usage has increased to an acceptable level.
org and visit the forums.Page 68 of 111 Note: Depending on the architecture of your network infrastructure. you may wish to contact Contribs. 10/18/2010 . Port forwarding Your SME Server provides the ability to forward its ports to other machines. the instructions for configuring the client machines on that additional network may be different than the instructions outlined in the chapter in this user guide. If you have questions regarding adding another network.
or without fully understanding the implications of your actions. It is transparent to web browsers using this server as their gateway. Warning: Misuse of this feature can seriously compromise the security of your network. Proxy settings Your SME Server has a transparent HTTP and SMTP proxy. Doing so will permit incoming traffic to directly access a private host on your LAN. and this server is your gateway to it.Page 69 of 111 You can use the panel shown above to modify your firewall rules so as to open a specific port (or range of ports) on this server and forward it to another port on another host. disable this proxy. The server's transparent SMTP proxy works to reduce virus traffic from infected client hosts by forcing all outgoing SMTP traffic through this server. 10/18/2010 . The server's HTTP proxy works to reduce overall uplink usage by caching recently-visited pages. If you wish to use an alternate SMTP server. Do not use this feature lightly.
there is typically a delay of one or more days before your ISP publishes your domain address records. as previously explained.xxx.htm file. Create Starter Web Site If you already have a customized web site.Page 70 of 111 Miscellaneous Support and licensing This Panel displays a copy of the license under which SME Server is released. you can use "http://www/" to view your starter web site.yourdomain. On your local network. you should not use this section. 10/18/2010 . Note that. since it will overwrite your index. http://www. If you do not have a customized web site and wish to create your starter home page. simply fill out the appropriate fields. in your web browser. This will create a basic home page that you can visit by entering your domain name for your site.
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bat file). you must be logged into your network as "admin" with the server system password. you can replace or revise your starter web page by replacing or revising the files in the html directory on your server. Online manual In the top right corner of the server-manager there is a 'Question mark' This is a link that will list the online Doumentation Available. Ensure you are logged onto your network using the admin name and password and then use file sharing to go to the server.Page 72 of 111 At any point in the future. The html directory for your web site can be accessed using Windows file sharing. Select the "primary" share and then select the "html" directory. the 10/18/2010 . Note that you must be connected to the Internet to read the online user guide. This applies particularly to the NETLOGON share (where you e netlogon. Note: These links are under development and may not be ready yet. Other Administration Notes Accessing administrative areas of your server via Windows file sharing: To access administrative areas of your server using Windows file sharing.
Pull-down menus for month and time zone ensure accurate entry. (including standard time zones. There are worldwide time zones with multiple selections for countries with multiple time zones. You can install additional software from enabled repositories by setting 'Manage individual packages' to enabled. 10/18/2010 . The server manager will reset the time automatically during daylight savings time. This ensures that regional variations in time zones and daylight savings time are accurately reflected. states/provinces and even cities).Page 73 of 111 Primary share (where the main web site is stored) and any i-bays that are writable only by the user admin. <math>Insert formula here</math> Configuration Software Installer Panel The Software installer Panel allows you to configure and install updates to SME Server. Set date and time Accessing this section allows you to set the system date and time either manually or using a network time server.
A time server is a device on the Internet that keeps accurate time and is able to communicate the time to other computers over the Internet using the Network Time Protocol (NTP) . you should NOT set the time or date manually. add the domain name or IP address of the time server in the space provided and click "Save NTP Settings". the network time synchronization will no longer function. For more information about using or becoming a network time server. you can use a network time server. visit http://www. Warning: After you start using a network time server.org Tip: 10/18/2010 . This screen in the server manager allows you to configure your server to connect regularly to a time server and synchronize the clock on the server with the time provided by the time server. If you do so.pool. simply check the box for "Enable NTP Service".Page 74 of 111 Instead of setting the time manually. Using a time server is optional but doing so can greatly increase the accuracy of your system. To do this. Many organizations around the world provide Internet time servers for free.ntp.
Warning: 10/18/2010 . go back to this panel and set the server to use a network time server. Also in this section. You should also enter the Windows server name. Most sites should choose "Yes" unless you are adding an server to an existing network which already has a domain master. you should go through this screen once and manually set the time to be correct and with the correct timezone.Page 75 of 111 In order to make sure the network time server is set to your timezone. In order that you may later connect multiple locations using IPSEC VPNs. you can specify whether the server should be the domain master for your Windows workgroup. Macintosh users need only enter a server name or accept the defaults. it is important that you are logged onto the same workgroup as your SME Server. After doing that. If you wish you can change the workgroup name to correspond with an existing workgroup. we suggest that you use a different name for each server. Workgroup If you are using a computer on a local network and you wish to access the server via Windows file sharing. This screen allows you to enter the name of the Windows workgroup the server should appear in.
10/18/2010 . As the "admin" user.bat script by logging on to a Windows system as "admin". by using the specific path: \\ servername \NETLOGON\ The sample file contains a few examples of setting the system time for each machine and also for mapping a common drive for all Windows client. your directory will be automatically updated with the new information.Page 76 of 111 If you have a Windows NT server or Windows 2000 server on your network that is functioning as a network server.bat file we provide by default does very little. you will need to connect to the share or map a drive to it. you modify the netlogon. Directory Your SME Server provides an easy mechanism for creating a company directory. This batch file is executed by Windows clients that have been configured to "Logon to domain". but advanced users can. connecting to the share and then modifying the script using a Windows text editor. The netlogon. Each time you create or delete an e-mail account. If you do configure your system to be the domain master. Be aware that the NETLOGON share will not be visible in Network Neighborhood or other similar tools.bat. a special Windows share called NETLOGON is created with a DOS batch file called netlogon. As the NETLOGON share is only writable by the "admin" user. modify this script to set environment variables for their clients or provide automatic drive mappings. if they wish. you should most likely answer "no" because that other server will act as the domain master.
At any time in the future.) 10/18/2010 . you can change the information for each user. Enter that information where requested. If you wish. (raw is the name used by most network printers for their main print queues. for example. you will see an additional screen that will ask for the hostname or IP address and the network printer name. a brief description (for example. Printers Your SME Server enables all users on your network to easily share a printer. company. For the network printer name. city and phone number. your company has moved to a new address.Page 77 of 111 In this section of the server manager. you can use the default setting. The field to do this is located near the bottom of the screen. you can change the default information and have the new information apply to all new users or to all existing users as well. you specify the default directory information for new accounts . The printer can be either locally attached to a parallel or USB port on your server or can be a network printer. as long as it starts with a lower-case letter and consists only of lower-case letters and numbers.whether it's on the network or directly connected to your server through a parallel or USB port. All the server needs is some basic information: the printer name (which can be anything you want. the fields will contain the information entered here as the default.the user's department. If you choose "Network printer". "the printer down the hall") and the location of the printer . raw. Each time you create an e-mail account. Choosing "update with new defaults" is a convenient one-click method of revising your directory when. with no spaces). unless you have some reason to do otherwise. street address.
10/18/2010 . Note also that the server printing system does not perform any filtering and passes the print requests directly from the client computers to the printer in the "raw" or "pass-through" machines. the user will not be able to print to the printers managed by the server. you should be aware that in order to use the printers available through your server a user must be logged in to their client system with a user name and password that is valid on the server. if a user is logged in as tturtle on their Windows desktop and that user account does not exist on the server. As a final item. Note that many modern network printers can be configured automatically. as well as to control how those names resolve both for systems on your local network and also for systems on the larger Internet. when someone tries to connect to "www. this screen in the server manager allows you to view these default settings.xxx". Most printers are supported as long as the appropriate driver is installed in the operating system on your client computers. they will be taken to wherever "www" has been set to point to.mycompany. Hostnames and addresses When you installed your SME Server. you can visit Red Hat's Hardware Compatibility List (http://hardware. the SME Server does not have a list of "supported printers".Page 78 of 111 Note: For maximum flexibility in making changes later. Either the user will have to logout and log back in as a valid user or the tturtle account will need to be created on the server. As seen in the image below. That name and several other "standard" names are automatically configured in your system's host table during the installation process.com/hcl/) or explore the information found at LinuxPrinting. These printers cannot be used on the server. there are some newer printers that only have a Windows driver available and rely heavily on that operating system to perform their print functions.org. we suggest that you enter the hostname for a network printer here and enter the IP address of the printer through the Hostnames and addresses panel of the server manager. However. This allows you to have one central location listing IP addresses and allowing you to make changes. For this reason. The "Hostnames and address" web panel allows you to modify this table and specify different host "names" for each domain on your system. To do so. For instance. and also to modify the configuration. enter their hostname. If you are concerned about whether your printer will work with your server. For instance. IP address and Ethernet address in the Hostnames and addresses panel.redhat. This host table is consulted as part of the name resolution process. you were asked to provide a name for your system.
you will find the text "Publish globally?" with a checkbox next to it." link next to "www". for example. The image below shows the screen in which you would perform the task: 10/18/2010 .mycompany. Suppose.xxx" to point to your ISP's server. your company's web site was hosted at some other location...Page 79 of 111 Using the Hostnames Panel Throughout the screens linked to from the Hostnames panel. If you wanted "www. such as on your ISP's web servers. you would modify the entry here by clicking the "Modify.
At a basic level. While "www" is created by default.com" pointing to one IP address and "www. just type in 10/18/2010 . This allows you. Note that if your system is configured with any virtual domains. you can create a hostname in a domain that points to another computer on your local network. you simply enter the hostname. or any other appropriate name. and enter the remote IP address. you might want to set up "intranet.tofu-dog. Creating New Hostnames Creating new hostnames simply involves selecting one of the links at the top of the Hostnames and addresses panel and filling out the appropriate fields. All you do here is enter the hostname and. you might want to point a hostname such as "www" to a remote system. In the form. "research". you can create other names such as "home". if appropriate.xxx" to point to your server.mycompany.mycompany. The hostnames you can create on this panel fall into three categories: Additional names for your server: For instance. Local hosts: This screen is a bit more complicated because you have more options. to have "www. for instance. choose the domain for the hostname.xxx" pointing to a completely separate IP address. you will have the choice of the domain in which you want to create the hostname. To do this. Remote hosts: As mentioned in the example earlier.Page 80 of 111 You would first change the location to "Remote" and then enter the IP address of your ISP's server in the field marked "Global IP". choose the domain.
Domains When you create a domain using this section of the server manager. The negative aspect of doing this is that if you later want to change the network settings for that machine. Once you have determined the client's Ethernet address. you might have another intranet web server within your company that you want to always have the same IP address. Linux/UNIX users can type ifconfig. through the DHCP server you will provide network settings. For that reason. you can reserve an IP address from the DHCP server for that specific machine. One method of assigning that address is to manually configure the client machine to have a static IP address.xxx" to be accessible both inside and outside your local network. the target computer system will need to have two network interface cards . Where this gets complicated is when you want "research. The challenge is that your local IP addresses are only accessible inside your network. you have one location to keep track of all assigned static address. You would then enter both IP addresses in this screen in the "Local IP" and "Global IP" fields. From this point on specified IP address will only be provided to a client system with the matching Ethernet address. you must manually go and configure that machine. Additionally. Windows 95/98 users can run the command winipcfg . 10/18/2010 .mycompany. Rather than configuring the machine manually.Page 81 of 111 the hostname and enter the IP address in the "Local IP" field. First. but offers two benefits. Note: The "Ethernet address" field when creating a hostname pointing to a local host is only used for reserving IP addresses through DHCP as mentioned in the next section. Add the hostname of the target system. For instance.one connected to the internal network and one connected to the external network. Second. Windows NT/2000 users can type the command ipconfig /all . For instance. your SME Server will be able to receive e-mail and host a web site for that domain. All DHCP clients will then receive those updated changes when they renew their DHCPprovided addresses. An example would be if one of your DNS servers changed its IP address. To reserve an IP address. click on the link to create a new hostname for a local host. you might want "research" to point to a computer system inside your network. If you wish to change those settings. Reserving IP Addresses Through DHCP Another task you can perform through this panel is to reserve an IP address for a given system based on its Ethernet address. you must first determine the Ethernet address of your client system. the Ethernet address along with the desired IP address into the web panel. the change can be simply done on your server. you have to keep track somewhere of the fact that you have assigned a specific IP address to that machine. This has the same result as manually configuring a static IP address.
it can be the same as your primary web site. You need to use an i-bay instead. fill in the domain name and a description of the site. but not by entering "tofu-bird" or "www. Clicking the arrow in the "Content" field will show you a list of your current i-bays and allow you to make a selection. the default is to pass DNS requests for anything but the primary domain to the Internet DNS servers.xxx and will accept e-mail for your virtual domain as well. your server will be automatically configured to answer to web requests for www.Page 82 of 111 To create a domain. In most cases the DNS for the server is not handled by the server but by some Internet DNS servers. You then tell the server where to find the content for that domain . Be aware that you can point the domain to either the primary web site or to one of the ibays .com". Note: When you are entering the name for the domain.com". For instance. or you can create a new set of web pages and store them in one of your i-bays. 10/18/2010 . you can create a virtual domain by entering "tofu-bird. including any extensions like ". but without any prefixes like "www" or "ftp".domainname. This is the full name of the domain. This feature allows you to host multiple web sites from a single server. So.com". you should supply the fully-qualified domain name . You cannot point a domain to a subdirectory that you simply create inside of the primary web site file area. Public DNS Records Once you have created a domain.tofu-bird.
See Appendix B._ for more information. DNS (http://wiki. you w need to work with your ISP or whoever controls the DNS entries for your domain to have the appropriat DNS entries pointed to the IP address of your server. why duplicate the work to enter it locally? Note that in all cases the server will act as a DNS cache/proxy/forwarder and so all domains will actually _technically_ be "resolve locally".org/SME_Server:Documentation:Administration_Manual:Appendix#Appendix_B. the only DNS records seen will be the ones entered on the SME Server. 10/18/2010 . However. Warning: While the server is prepared to offer web and e-mail services for this domain. but DNS is handled by Internet DNS servers ■ Moderately complex setup where the SME Server DNS should take preference over the Internet DNS records. ■ Complex setup where some domains are handled by internal/corporate DNS servers and we want to choose those in preference to the Internet DNS servers. If you set a domain to "Resolve locally". including all local hostnames. This is a conscious decision to run a splithorizon/internal fake root where the Internet and Intranet have different DNS records. since you need to set up the Internet DNS servers with the correct information anyway. The new settings are there to allow for various configurations: ■ Simple setup where the SME Server is a gateway. For instance. You need to be careful here as the external world view will not match the internal world view.contribs. this section of the server manager allows you to specify the protocol used to retrieve e-mail from your ISP and configure other settings regarding the retrieval of e-mail. there is one more step that occur. There is a comprehensive email howto with alternative and advanced suggestions. E-mail As shown below.Page 83 of 111 The primary domain is resolved locally as we generate (fairly) complete DNS records for that domain. That's why it is not the default. your ISP will need to configure an M record for the domain in order for you to receive inbound e-mail to that domain. but the dns cache will forward them to the chosen DNS servers. In order for users on the Internet to successfully connect to your machine using the domain.
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The latter allows access from anywhere on the Internet. a. use the STMP server of their local ISP. Allowing this would open your server to abuse by spammers as a mail relay. users outside your local network are not able to send e-mail using your server as their SMTP host. Users who are travelling should either: a. use webmail to read and send their mail. or a. ■ Enable/Disable Webmail: With this option you can enable or disable the webmail component of your server. Note: Even with POP and IMAP configured for public access. 10/18/2010 . More information can be found in the Chapter on Webmail. use PPTP to connect to your internal network.Page 85 of 111 E-mail Access ■ POP and IMAP server access: The options are "Private" and "Secure Public". The former allows access only from your local network.
Page 86 of 111 E-mail Filtering Extra types of email attachments can be blocked with the instructions at Virus_blocking_tutorial 10/18/2010 .
you will need to specify the user account and password assigned by your ISP for this POP 10/18/2010 . set E-mail retrieval mode to "Standard". ■ If you arranged "multidrop" mail service from your ISP. This secondary mail server will receive all e-mail for your domain and store it in a single POP mailbox. choose that setting and then scroll down to the field that asks for the IP address or hostname of your ISP's secondary mail server. This secondary mail server will provide temporary e-mail storage when your server is not connected to the Internet. ■ If you arranged "ETRN" support with your ISP. Further down the screen.Page 87 of 111 E-mail Retrieval Your choice of e-mail retrieval mode will depend on the arrangements you made with your Internet service provider: ■ If you have a dedicated connection. choose "multidrop" and then scroll down to the field that asks for the IP address or hostname of your ISP's secondary mail server.
Page 88 of 111 mailbox. Your server will periodically fetch this mail and distribute it to individual POP mailboxes on the server. (Note that due to problems receiving mail for mailing lists, we strongly encourage people to NOT use multi-drop e-mail.) If you want to forward e-mail to another mail server for processing, enter the mail server IP address in the box marked Delegate mail server . A common use for this is if your server is receiving inbound e-mail from the Internet, but you would like to pass that mail to a different mail server on your internal network. Note: Delegate mail server implies that all mail which is accepted is passed on to the delegate mail server (IOW, that other guy is the mail server, I'm not, so I expect him to do everything, eg spam filtering) If you intend to have an external mail server handle mail for your domain, just send the mail directly to that mail server, via the MX record for your domain. If you have a dialup connection, the server allows you to control how frequently it fetches e-mail from your ISP. This is particularly useful in situations where you incur phone or Internet charges each time your system contacts your ISP. The default settings are every 15 minutes during standard office hours and every hour outside normal office hours on weekdays or on weekends. The fields allow you to customize those settings. Finally, if you have "multidrop" mail service you need to select the sort method used by the server to decide which user each message should be delivered to. Your server has a default method for this (it examines various headers such as "To" and "Resent-To") which works in most circumstances but is not suitable for certain purposes such as mailing list messages. Some ISPs add a header to each e-mail message which can help your server determine the correct recipient. If your ISP does not add a header to multidrop e-mail, select the "Default" sort method and ignore the "select sort header" field. If your ISP does add a header to multidrop e-mail, then select "Specify below" and enter the header tag provided by your ISP. Because you will experience problems with mailing-lists when using multi-drop e-mail, we strongly recommend that you work with your ISP to have a special header added to each message. The "Default" sort method should be only used as a last resort.
This screen presents you with additional options for controlling how your system handles e-mail.
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■ Forwarding address for administrative notices: The default address for administrative notices (i.e. undeliverable mail, backup notifications and other status/error messages) is "admin". If you'd like those messages to be sent elsewhere, enter the address here. Note, This option has been moved to the Collaboration > User panel.
Note: Be aware that all messages sent to postmaster, root or mailer-daemon at your domain are sent to either admin or the address that you enter in this field.
■ E-mail to unknown users: This field allows you to choose whether incoming messages to unknown users are bounced back to the sender or forwarded to the system administrator. Some users prefer the latter setting because it allows them to catch and reroute e-mail that was incorrectly addressed.
Note: If you choose to have messages forwarded to the system administrator, they will be sent to either "admin" or the e-mail address specified in the forwarding address field mentioned above.
Page 90 of 111 ■ Internet provider's SMTP server: Normally the server will send outgoing messages directly to their intended destination. If, however, you have an unreliable connection or are using a residential Internet service, it may be advisable to route e-mail via your provider's SMTP server. In that case, you should enter the SMTP server's hostname or IP address here. In fact, if you have a temporary dial-up connection to the Internet, you may find that you need to use your ISP's mail server in order to deliver mail to some locations. As a reaction to the huge volume of unsolicited commercial e-mail ("spam"), many Internet sites are refusing direct SMTP connections from IP addresses that are known to be temporary dial-up accounts. For this reason, you may need to use your ISP's mail server since it will have a permanent connection to the Internet. Review Configuration This section of the server manager summarizes how your server is configured. This is the data that you entered during the installation process and possibly changed later through the server console or the server manager. As you can see from the screen below, this is essentially a report that you can print out for your records. You do not have the ability to make changes from this screen.
flexible mechanism for creating distinct information-sharing sites. are a unique feature built into your SME Server. Similarly. The user name is always the name of the i-bay 10/18/2010 . The network administrator can define several characteristics for each new i-bay they create: ■ write access: the administrator can control access to the i-bay by associating the i-bay with a group. or i-bays. users who connect to the i-bay via FTP or HTTP will be prompted to supply that particular i-bay's username and password. two default groups will always appear "administrator" and "everyone" (meaning all users. whether on the local network or on the Internet). The administrator can specify whether the entire group can write to the i-bay or whether the administrator alone has the power to save files to the i-bay. simple. i-bays are a powerful. ■ user access via file-sharing or FTP: The administrator can also control who has the ability to save a file into or modify the contents of the files in the i-bay (write access) and who has the ability to view the contents of the i-bay (read access).Page 91 of 111 Information Bays (i-bays) Information bays. Note: If you select Password Required. ■ password protection: the administrator can specify whether a password is required to access an i-bay from the Internet and what that password will be. the administrator can control whether group members only can read the contents of the i-bay or whether the contents can be read by anyone. In addition. All groups previously created in the groups section of the server manager will appear in the drop-down menu under "group" in this section.
Generally. they will see the files in this directory. you can set it here. you can think of the html directory as the place to put all files. the name may be up to 12 characters long *4 and may contain only lowercase letters. The i-bay name should also start with a lower-case letter. It must be unique. This can be very powerful and useful. Note that. the user will enter the html directory and the web browser will automatically open the index file (usually index. files and cgi-bin. Each directory is briefly outlined below: ■ cgi-bin: This directory is set aside to hold "CGI scripts" used for that i-bay's web pages. files and cgi-bin.htm) in that ibay. John Smith and Bus-Partner are not. Note: When you create an i-bay.html.html or index. The "Information bays" section of the server manager shows all current i-bays. as with user accounts. i-bay Directories Each i-bay has three directories . #4This 12-character restriction ensures that the i-bay can be shared correctly to all Windows machines. In other words. as you will see in the upcoming examples.prj8 are all valid names. sales and client3. an i-bay cannot use the same name as an existing user or group account.Page 92 of 111 and the password is whatever the administrator assigns to that i-bay . primary and public. users connecting to the i-bay through Windows or Macintosh file sharing will see only the contents of the files directory. if the ibay settings are later changed to allow public access through web or anonymous ftp. The items they were used to seeing before will now be found in the files directory. This means you can have different web sites running on your server. CGI scripts are tools used in advanced web site creation and are not discussed here. ■ html: When an i-bay is accessed using a web browser (via http). it will display the web page associated with that i-bay. any i-bay that requires a password will appear in red until that password has been changed from "default" (the i-bay for Samson's Farms in the following image is an example of this). As with your user account directory. which are in use by the system and cannot be used for an i-bay name.not the individual user's password. while 3associates. Note: If an i-bay is set for no public access via web or anonymous ftp. users will then see the top-level directory of the i-bay with the three subdirectories of html. In this section. i-bays are simple to create and manage. or a document sharing site for a specific customer. if the i-bay requires a password. periods and underscores. ■ files: This directory holds files that can be accessed either locally only or publicly. 10/18/2010 . If a password is required. johnson. Finally. When someone connects to the i-bay using FTP. For example. The files directory is for all files that you want people to access through FTP or regular file sharing. numbers. you can delete an i-bay (which will delete all contents of the i-bay directory) and. Note that there are two special names. i-bay accounts are locked out by default. a company-wide file sharing server. each associated with a specific i-bay. It can be used for such things as a company download site. users will not be able to access the i-bay until the administrator sets the password. the name of each i-bay and a description of its contents. However. images and documents that you would like to be accessible through the web . Note that you can have as many subdirectories as you wish underneath either html or files but you cannot create additional directories at the top level of the i-bay.
You will now be able to upload files from your FTP client to the appropriate directories. we suggest you consider the scp "secure copy" command associated with ssh as an alternative to FTP. a password dialog box will appear before the contents of the i-bay are served to the web browser. That user account must be a member of the group that has been given write permission for the i-bay (configured on the i-bay screen).com/samfarms".yourdomain. You would then change to the i-bay directory (using the ftp command "cd . the process of creating an i-bay starts by clicking on the "Click here" link at the top of the Information Bays panel in the server manager. If you are using a command-line or graphical FTP client. ■ accessing an i-bay using a web browser (via http): To view an i-bay using a browser. For example.html page in the html directory in the Samson's Farms i-bay. ■ Note that users accessing the i-bay via FTP in this manner are not able to upload files to the i-bay.tofudog. not the i-bay name.Page 93 of 111 Accessing the i-bays You can access the contents of an i-bay using a web browser. Windows file sharing / AppleTalk.. you will usually be prompted for the login username and password.xxx/i-bayname". you will need to enter the i-bay password as well. Assuming you are entitled to access this i-bay. 10/18/2010 . If you are concerned about security. but to do so you must login to the server with a valid user name. the URL for Samson's Farms i-bay is "www. ■ accessing an i-bay via Windows file sharing and ~AppleTalk: To access the i-bay using Windows file sharing or AppleTalk. or FTP. You can only access an i-bay in this way if you are on the local network. this would be via "Network Neighborhood") and select the i-bay you want to enter from those appearing. you use your FTP client to connect to your server and use the i-bay name as the login id.. If a password is required to see the contents of the ibay. you will see the index. If the i-bay requires a password./. In the next few sections. depending on whether or not a password is required: ftp:// ibayname @ftp. to demonstrate their capabilities. enter "www. we will take a look at some examples of i-bays that have been created by our hypothetical catering and event-planning company. This will be in one of the following forms. You will be presented with the form shown in the image below. domainname ftp:// ibayname : password @ftp. domainname Warning: Be aware that FTP transmits all passwords in the clear without encryption and can therefore be a security risk. ■ It is possible to upload files using FTP. Creating an i-bay No matter how you are going to use an i-bay./ibays/ibayname"). If you are using a web browser. They can only download files from the i-bay to their client. simply navigate to the server over your network browser (in Windows. you will need to enter a FTP URL. ■ accessing an i-bay via the FTP server: To access the i-bay using FTP. The Pagan Vegan.
if public access is enabled. For instance. 10/18/2010 .com/intranet/'. If you want others to be able to access the i-bay via web or anonymous ftp. If the i-bay is just to be used by a small group of users. you can choose to allow access to just the local network or the wider Internet. an i-bay named 'intranet' can be accessed by the Pagan Vegan staff at 'http://www. The group ownership plays a role in the next setting for user access. ■ User access: You need to decide who will be able to add and modify content in the i-bay and who will be able to read the content. you can leave public access set to the default of None .tofu-dog. ■ Public access: Here you set what type of public access you wish to have for the i-bay. ■ Brief description: This text will appear in various administrative screens and can be a useful reminder of the i-bay content. If you choose to "Disable public FTP access" there. Note that the ftp access described below can be overridden by the FTP access limits setting on the Remote access panel of the server manager. ■ Group: Ownership of the i-bay content is assigned to an existing group. ■ Information bay name: This is the short name of the i-bay (subject to the 12-character length restriction mentioned earlier).Page 94 of 111 You now need to fill out the form providing the information and making the choices described below. You also can choose whether or not you wish to require a password. even though you will appear to be able to enable it from the i-bay configuration screen. The i-bay name will be what users will enter in the URL after the hostname to access the i-bay from the web. ftp access for individual ibays will not be allowed.
10/18/2010 . This may disrupt Windows shortcuts and configuration settings. and access methods. (Note that this will delete the contents of the i-bay.) ■ After an i-bay is modified.Page 95 of 111 Note: If you choose one of the modes of Public access via web or anonymous ftp that requires a password. a few items to be aware of when modifying i-bays: ■ If an i-bay is set for no public access via web or anonymous ftp. (The good news is that simply changing the public access setting back to "None" will return i-bay file sharing access to its previous configuration. you can execute those scripts from the cgi-bin directory of your i-bay. fill-inthe-blanks process. If you wish to change the actual name of the i-bay. users connecting to the i-bay through Windows or Macintosh file sharing will see only the contents of the files directory. Once done filling out the form. users connecting through file sharing will then see the top-level directory of the i-bay with the three subdirectories of html. you can click on Modify next to the i-bay name in the information bays panel of the server manager. Creating each web site is a straightforward. Modifying an i-bay At any point in time you can modify the attributes of an i-bay (except for its name) by clicking on the " Modify " link next to the i-bay name on the "Information bays" panel of the server manager. However. all Macintosh users will be disconnected from the i-bay and will need to reconnect.html" files in the i-bay's html directory are based on a template that TPV uses for each customer. Outside of those concerns.) An i-bay Used as a Customer Site: The Miles Gabriel Art Exposition "The Pagan Vegan" (TPV) has found that customers like having access to a customized web page which summarizes all of the information pertaining to their particular event. ■ Execution of CGI scripts: If you want to use CGI scripts to add functionality to your web site. users can access the i-bay through their web browser or ftp by using the i-bay name and i-bay password. The ". However. click the Create button and the server manager will create your i-bay. you can easily change the description. so make sure you have backed up the i-bay data before you remove it. There are. if the ibay settings are later changed to allow public access through web or anonymous ftp. group ownership. files and cgi-bin. rather than their own user name and password. for security reasons you must first choose enabled here to allow such scripts to be executed. For instance. All Macintosh users will receive an alert stating that they will be disconnected in 5 minutes. The company finds it reduces the risk of miscommunication and improves its image and reputation. Once you do so. The items they were used to seeing before will now be found in the files directory. you will need to remove the i-bay and create it again. public access will not be available until you set the i-bay password from the main information bay panel in the server manager. you can modify the i-bay as often as you wish. however. If you wish to change these settings at any later point.
a password is required to enter the site.Page 96 of 111 TPV has chosen a naming convention for i-bays that customers can easily remember .) 10/18/2010 .first initial. Because it contains important customer information. only the site administrator can save files into this i-bay. To prevent others from accessing the customer's i-bay. (TPV created individual passwords and securely provided them to their customers. last name.
You will see the files located in the files directory and can then open them or copy them to your system. at midnight tonight he can access his i-bay to show his spouse the design used for his invitations! An i-bay Used as a Shared Network Drive Having a shared network drive can be very helpful as a way of storing and sharing documents company-wide. TPV uses an i-bay for a company-wide network drive to hold documents to which all employees should have access.Page 97 of 111 Miles Gabriel has contacted The Pagan Vegan to cater an art exposition. users will then see 10/18/2010 . If an i-bay is set for no public access via web or anonymous ftp. As you can see. users connecting to the i-bay through Windows or Macintosh file sharing will simply see the contents of the files directory. The Pagan Vegan has created an ibay specifically for Mr. Gabriel accesses the site with the URL www.tofu-dog. Mr. Gabriel's account called "mgabriel". All employees can read and write files to this directory. The i-bay is accessed via Windows file sharing. Note: This is only true if the i-bay has been set to allow public access via web or anonymous ftp. Gabriel has access to a summary of his event information. simply access the server over the network (via Network Neighborhood) and open the appropriate i-bay . For example. ~AppleTalk or FTP. Mr. if the i-bay settings are later changed to allow public access through web or anonymous ftp. He can check at any time to ensure the arrangements are correct. To access using file sharing.com/mgabriel . However.
The items they were used to seeing before will now be found in the files directory. files and cgi-bin. When they click on one of them called "sharedfiles". As an example. when the staff of The Pagan Vegan goes into their Network Neighborhood.Page 98 of 111 the top-level directory of the i-bay with the three subdirectories of html. they will then see the list of documents provided there: 10/18/2010 . they double-click on "E-smith-server" as shown in: They will then see a list of i-bays accessible through Windows file sharing. they see the three folders inside of the i-bay: When they go inside of files.
Page 99 of 111 As you can see in this example. An i-bay Used as an Intranet: The Pagan Vegan "Vegemite" The Pagan Vegan has created an i-bay for its company newsletter / intranet. The company has found this to be a good way for employees to express themselves and share information. Providing a centralized location for company documents (such as expense report templates) ensures that everyone always has access to these documents and uses the most up-to-date version. 10/18/2010 . The Pagan Vegan has several files in this directory for company use.
The company has a high degree of trust in its employees.htm. employees are given full access to the contents of the intranet so anyone on staff can revise it.tofu-dog. 10/18/2010 .Page 100 of 111 In keeping with TPV's culture. of course. the newsletter is very casual. and. TPV employees use their web browsers to access the URL www. A more typical company might want the intranet to be created by a particular staff member and "checked in" by the administrator (write access "administrator only"). The intranet is. as a result. viewable only from the internal network. No password is required.com/intranet/filename. To access the intranet.
TPV has created an i-bay for Samson's called "samfarms". Starting with just a blank document. Samson's and TPV use an i -bay to improve the ordering and delivery process. It is accessible to the external Internet but password-protected so that only staff at TPV and Samson's Farms can read it.Page 101 of 111 This particular newsletter was created using a desktop office application called StarOffice (similar to Microsoft Office). The files were created as typical word processing documents. saved into ". 10/18/2010 . Anyone on TPV's local network can write to it. An i-bay Used to Expedite Processes: Samson's Farms Samson's Organic Farms delivers fresh produce to The Pagan Vegan every week. it took only about an hour to create the main page and the other pages that make up this newsletter.html" format and then transferred into the html directory of the "intranet" i-bay using Windows file sharing.
and plans menus. ■ Upon receiving the e-mail. the chef reviews his assistant's order (as shown in the image below) using a web browser and makes any last minute adjustments.Page 102 of 111 Here's how the process works: ■ Each week. The assistant enters TPV's order directly onto the order sheet in the samfarms i-bay using an HTML editor. ■ The chef's assistant then reviews the menus. 10/18/2010 .html" format and e-mails it to The Pagan Vegan's administrator. He saves it in ". TPV's administrator saves the file directly into the html directory of the "samfarms" i-bay. Samson updates his online order sheet to include only produce that will be ripe and ready for the next delivery date. reviews what produce will be available. checks against existing inventory and determines what should be ordered. Mr. ■ The chef accesses the samfarms i-bay. ■ The day before delivery.
10/18/2010 . and fills it. Often customers want several days to review it all. An i-bay Used as Your Customer Download Site When customers hire The Pagan Vegan to plan events. etc. table-setting rentals.menu options. Samson's shipping staff accesses the i-bay over the Internet. TPV created a download i-bay. called "menus". where customers can download the catalogue files themselves and view the contents on their desktop machines. TPV has only a limited number of catalogues for loan. prints out TPV's order from the samfarms i-bay. they need to review a great deal of information . To accomplish this.Page 103 of 111 ■ On the day of delivery. so it decided to provide customers with access to this information online. catalogues from various vendors for event stationary.
com . with no password required. A customer accesses the site using the FTP client in their web browser to login as the i-bay user name by entering the URL ftp://menus@ftp. This is what the customer sees: 10/18/2010 . viewable over the entire Internet.tofu-dog.Page 104 of 111 TPV set the i-bay for Administrator-only write access.
a common component of an ethernet.) reach the appropriate computers on your network.g. and provide a good way to upgrade your network gradually. Different hubs operate at different speeds: slower hubs. the customer simply clicks on the file name. Allowing a third party. procure and install the appropriate ethernet adapters. Appendix A. A browser window allows the customer to select a destination directory for the file on his or her local hard drive. are suitable for small networks. you MUST: ■ Register your domain name with a Registrar ■ Configure your host names on a publicly accessible DNS Server Note: you can avoid 'Registering' your domain name if you use #Dynamic DNS Services Imagine the following scenario: Root_DNS | Registrar | / DNS Server | / / Other_DNS | | / / Internet---Other_ISP---Remote_User | 10/18/2010 . serves as a point of interface between computers on the network. Appendix B.Page 105 of 111 When the cursor is placed over a file name. Switching 10/100 MB hubs can operate at either speed. connects each computer to the ethernet LAN. An ethernet LAN is the most common type. A router ensures that Internet data packets (e. Ethernet refers both to a kind of connection and to a protocol for how Internet data packets travel around your network. faster hubs. An ethernet adapter. web page information. The hub. An server with a dedicated Internet connection requires two ethernet adapters. to install your ethernet can be a good idea. also called an ethernet card or network interface card (NIC). There are also various how-to guides available in bookstores if you are committed to installing it on your own. etc. it only requires one ethernet adapter. Each computer on your network is connected to the hub using an ethernet network cable. e-mail. To download a particular file. If your server connects to your ISP using a modem or ISDN adapter. SME Manual Appendix The following Appendix pages are included for your information. hub and cables. are suitable for larger networks. such as a systems integrator or networking company. DNS DNS or the Domain Name Service is a distributed system of servers designed to translate human-readable names into computer routable IP addresses. operating at 100 MB/sec. DNS Basics SME. does not respond to DNS queries from outside your local network. and cannot be used as a public DNS server for anyone outside your location. It can help you select. the full name of the file appears. Routing is one of the functions performed by the server in server and gateway mode. If you want your SME server to be available to users outside your office using a name instead of your IP address. operating at 10 MB/sec. one connects it to your LAN and the other connects it to the external network that leads to your ISP. Introduction to the Ethernet Local Area Network (LAN) A local area network (LAN) is the system of wires and other hardware that connects the computers within your office and allows them to communicate with one another. by design.
b.in-addr. 10/18/2010 . PTR records are managed by the organization that controls the IP address (which makes sense.a.a.arpa. on the other hand. his DNS server ■ asks the Root_DNS servers where d.) So.arpa'.in-addr. If Local_User tries to open http://mysmeserver. it checks the local cache first. ■ A DNS service provider who will respond to queries about your domain Some ISP's provide registration and DNS hosting capabilities as part of the connectivity package.com' saves the answer in its local cache for the amount of time specified by the administrator of the DNS record at DNS_Server. Some ISP's provide DNS hosting but not Registration as part of the connectivity package.b.com.com (assuming a default SME installation with DHCP and therefore DNS provided by the SME server): ■ If mysmeserver. Sometimes you will need 3 separate vendors for these separate services. his computer asks Other_DNS how to find 'mysmeserver.com' asks the Registrar for the DNS_Server that will answer queries about 'mysmeserver. Basically.b. Some Registrars provide DNS hosting as part of the registration.a. if you think about it). The return value is almost always a generic filler based on your IP address unless you contact your ISP and ask them to change the PTR data for your IP address.com is configured for Local resolution.inaddr.. the SME server returns the data that has been configured locally. the SME proceeds just as the first example from Root_DNS to Registrar to DNS_Server to local cache (actually.com' asks the DNS_Server for the IP address of 'mysmeserver.. Remote_User asks for information about your IP address (a. find out if your Registrar provides DNS hosting services. and if so.c.Page 106 of 111 Your_ISP---Your_ISPs_DNS | SME | Local_User Let's assume that ■ SME has IP Address a.arpa is registered. for you to host a public web server at your own location you need: ■ An ISP to provide connectivity ■ A DNS Registrar where you can 'register' your domain name and publish the addresses of your DNS servers.com ■ Remote_User is configured to use Other_DNS for DNS lookups If Remote_User tries to browse to http://mysmeserver. They'll provide you with a web address where you can configure your DNS.com'. how to configure them.c. ■ If mysmeserver. This is probably but not necessarily Your_ISPs_DNS. ■ asks the host indicated by the Registrar (probably Your_ISPs_DNS) what name belongs to 'd.c.b.d ■ SME has domain name mysmeserver. If you have already registered your domain name.com is configured to use Internet DNS Servers.c. If.b. ■ asks the Registrar where to get more info about d.d).c. Other_DNS server then ■ ■ ■ ■ asks the Root_DNS servers for the Registrar in charge of 'mysmeserver.
PTR records are only rarely used for their original purpose of verifying the identity of a particular computer this is now done with SSL certificates and Trust Authorities.arpa (the reverse lookup for your IP) returns dsl-a-b-cd.c.myispsname. then edit the Registrar page to point to the DNS servers indicated by your ISP. A DNS lookup for a PTR record looks just like a DNS lookup for a domain name at this point . or Reverse DNS records) are used by internet hosts to convert an IP address into a name .com returns your a. so frequently the ONLY way to change your PTR records is to contact your ISP and request that they be changed. See #DNS_Service_Providers below.b. 10/18/2010 .c.com/mscorp/safety/content/technologies/senderid/wizard/default. itself is looked up. It doesn't necessarily need to match your configured domain name. They are not configured on the sme server. your ISP might. Registrar.b. Many receiving mail servers now require sending mail servers to have properly configured SPF records for the domain(s) being sent from. you'll need to find a 3rd party vendor to do this. sometimes for identity verification. If neither your Registrar nor your ISP provides DNS hosting.mycity.arpa. PTR records are constructed by reversing your IP address and appending the special suffix 'in-addr.org/ Here is a test site at Microsoft/Hotmail where you can check if SPF records are configured for your domain. but it has to work both ways.aspx Different providers have different mail acceptance policies.c.c. Some email providers will not accept your email if the name returned by the 'reverse lookup' of your IP address does not in its turn result in your IP address when it.b.a.openspf.com then before trying to send email directly from your SME to the Internet at large you want to make sure that nslookup dsl-a-b-c-d.Root_DNS.microsoft. Ask them. If you have not yet registered your domain name. it's where you start the process going for Hotmail if you still have problems after having configured SPF records. If so. except that the return value will be a host name instead of an IP address.sometimes for information only. http://www. SPF Records SPF (Sender Policy Framework) records are added to the DNS zone record for domain names.myispsname.b.in-addr.mycity. For example.d and not an error or some other address. configure your DNS on their servers. The PTR record for your SME Server only becomes important if you plan to deliver email directly from your SME to recipient email servers (without using your ISP's mail server as a relay). See http://www.arpa'. if the nslookup d.d is d. Look for tech support pages for the provider. PTR Records PTR Records (or Pointer records.Page 107 of 111 If they do NOT provide DNS hosting services.in-addr. DNS_Server. try to find a Registrar who provides free DNS services. For example.a. The SPF entries are added to your external DNS records. With very few exceptions all PTR records are registered to the ISP that controls the IP block in question. the PTR record for a. Here is additional information re getting your mail through to Hotmail servers. Failure to have SPF records can result in mail being rejected by mail servers eg Hotmail servers will reject mail that comes from mail servers without SPF records.
If you have arranged dynamic IP address assignment from your ISP and you wish to use one of these services.21631.34664.php/topic. you should implement multidrop e-mail as your e-mail solution as this will ensure that no e-mail is misdirected to another IP address (See Some important notes on Service list D (multidrop mail) in|Chapter 3. This means that the risk of misdirected information is much greater with a dialup connection.0. A dynamic DNS service can be a great solution when used with a dedicated connection.org/index. To do so.contribs.org/index. we accept no liability for any breach of service on their part.com/ Here's where you submit your (detailed) request to Hotmail https://support. If your system receives an IP address via DHCP or PPPoE. You can easily enable the usage of a dynamic DNS service by selecting it on your server console.php/topic.com/eform.org (free). tzo.html http://forums. A dynamic DNS service provides you with an automated way to notify them whenever your IP address changes so that they can immediately publish new DNS records for your domain. If your IP address is assigned dynamically and you intend to receive all your e-mail directly (rather than having it stored at an ISP and retrieving it via POP or IMAP).40009. Contribs.org (free). but you decide not to use a dynamic DNS service.php/topic. and your web site and other services would be unavailable for several days until the change was processed. you would have to contact your ISP to have them change your DNS records.org/index.live. Without dynamic DNS.php/topic. you may find it helpful to use a dynamic DNS service.html http://forums. we in no way interfere with nor prevent you from using another dynamic DNS service if you wish.42373.html http://forums. In pre-configuring the server for this particular service.0.html http://forums.msn.com (commercial) and dyndns.31726. However.org/index.html Dynamic DNS Services If your IP address is assigned dynamically. it will automatically update the dynamic DNS service 10/18/2010 .0. They merely point hostnames to IP addresses. because the server only connects intermittently. all you need to do is visit the appropriate web site to sign up for service. would require some customized configuration on your part. Contribs.) Note: Dynamic DNS services are not perfect.contribs. During these times.com (commercial).0. we have preprogrammed the server to work with these services (including pre-installing their client software).contribs.org/index. your e-mail may be undeliverable. we recommend and support the use of dynamic DNS services only for dedicated connections.org has tested the functionality of these services with our software. dyndns.org has tested four dynamic DNS services. however. For simplicity.contribs.contribs. your IP address changes much more frequently (possibly every time your server connects) and. A failure on the part of your dynamic DNS service can result in your network becoming temporarily unreachable from the Internet. of which two are free services and two are commercial services: yi. and enable that particular function in the server console. For this reason. With a typical dialup connection.Page 108 of 111 http://postmaster.php/topic.aspx?productKey=edfsmsbl&ct=eformts&scrx=1 References: http://forums.0. there is a delay in informing the dynamic DNS service of the change.
afraid. reading from the hard drive will be faster than reading from the Internet. the web proxy server will store that web page.com $free ■ FreeDNS http://freedns.dyndns. In this case. due to the IP masquerading capability of the server. A proxy server is generally not appropriate if you have a fast Internet connection and you've installed your server software on a lower. Proxy Servers The server comes with a proxy server called Squid which can proxy the web (HTTP).zoneedit. we recommend that proxying be disabled in your network applications. ■ Dynamic DNS client included in SME 7. There is not much you can do about this. In this case. Appendix D. with most dynamic DNS services your server does not indicate that it is offline in any way to the dynamic DNS service. that a proxy server benefits the second and subsequent visitors to a site but not the first visitor.org $free ■ tzo. rather than over the Internet. Technical Support If you are having difficulty configuring another vendor's hardware or software. Using the proxy server can benefit the organization if you have a slow Internet connection and you've installed your server software on a fast computer.com http://www.org $free ■ EasyDNS http://www. when your server disconnects from the Internet. Many gateway systems require the use of proxy servers. we recommend you refer to the manual or contact the vendor for that product. FTP and Gopher protocols. It also offers no benefit to your organization if employees at your site do not tend to visit the same web pages. In general. Subsequent visitors to that web page will read it from your proxy server's hard drive.org/ $free ■ dyndns. 10/18/2010 . Networked applications such as web browsers will work perfectly without proxying. If this occurs. it is possible that someone else will be assigned your IP address by your ISP.com $$$ ■ dyndns.com $19. reading from the hard drive of the computer may not be faster than over the Internet.or mid-level computer.easydns.org http://www. with most dynamic DNS services this other system will now start receiving your e-mail and web page requests until your server comes back online and updates the service with your new IP address.tzo.95USD per year Appendix C. but you should be aware of this fact if there is any chance your system will be offline for a long period of time.x: ■ yi. DNS Service Providers Here is a brief list of vendors who provide DNS service hosting. The inclusion of a vendor here does not constitute endorsement by the SME developers.org http://www.com $$$ (for 'Custom DNS' services) ■ Other providers (dynamic DNS client not included in SME): ■ Zoneedit http://www. For example. but with the server it is optional. Proxy servers temporarily store information from the Internet on the hard drive of the server.com http://www.Page 109 of 111 each time it comes online. Contribs.org encourages users to freely share copies of our software. but can enhance the performance for subsequent visitors. Remember. However. so this benefit only applies if your users tend to visit the same sites repeatedly.yi. The SME Server is open source software. though. This slightly reduces the network performance for the first visitor to that web page. If your system is offline for a period of time.dyndns. when an employee visits a web page. allowing other users to access it directly from that hard drive.
shared directories and other resources ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network.ISO Standards Glossary. ADSL is a technology to transmit digital information at high bandwidths across existing copper phone lines. These servers do not need to be configured into your server as the DNS server that is provided with your server will correctly resolve all local and Internet names.Page 110 of 111 Developers may wish to note that additional documentation. Digital modem line. Refers to the software and protocols involved in translating domain names to IP addresses.standardsglossary.com" or "contribs. ensure it is available. including HOWTO documents and a FAQ. i-bay Information Bay. Single channel ISDN provides speeds of 56K to 64K. ISO followed by a number is used to identify one of the published ISO standards. ISO 1. There are also links there to other web sites relating to the server. Provides higher speeds than K56/V90.ISO Home Page 2.org". Relevant link: www. A mechanism for creating intranets.com . your ISP can help you select one. Relevant link: www. International Organization for Standardization.iso. 10/18/2010 .org/. Dual channel ISDN provides speeds of 110K to 128K. can be found on our development web site . DNS Domain Name Service. If you don't have a domain name. Your server provides DNS lookup services for your local network. The gateway IP address is the IP address for that device. Domain Name This refers to the unique name attached to your organization on the Internet.contribs. and register it. Glossary Below are some useful terms and their definitions. Download speeds are typically much faster than upload speeds (hence the term "asymmetric"). For example. ETRN ETRN is a command used for dialup solutions in order to retrieve e-mail temporarily stored at your ISP Gateway IP Address A gateway is the device on your network that forwards packets to and from the Internet.http://wiki. "tofu-dog. lists all the international standards published by ISO and provides a quick reference for looking up the topic of an ISO standard. extranets.org . and your ISP typically also provides you with the IP addresses of DNS servers. ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line.
contribs. or to copy files from a local machine to a server VPN Virtual Private Network (see PPTP) Retrieved from "http://wiki. The CD is then used to install the SME Server Operating System ISP Internet Service Provider LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (see VPN) RAID1 Disk mirroring SCSI Small Computer Systems Interface SME Small and Medium Enterprise SSH Secure shell.Page 111 of 111 3. A secure. at 11:43. 10/18/2010 .2.org/SME_Server:Documentation:Administration_Manual:Booklet" ■ This page was last modified on 9 May 2008. encrypted way to log in to a remote machine across a network. ■ Content is available under GNU Free Documentation License 1. A file containing a complete release of SME Server that is downloaded and burned to CD.
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