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The belief that all social groups are systems whose parts are interdependent is a characteristic of:

ans:a. functionalism

What type of social science is concerned with human culture, as well as the physical and social
characteristics that create that culture?

ans: anthropology

Sociology only studies human activities in a general way.

ans:true

Wrote the book "Society in America" which examines religion, politics, child rearing, and immigration in
the young nation.?

ans:Harriet martineau

Rationalism refers to the approach that emphasizes experience and the facts that result from
observation and experimentation.

ans:false

Rationalism is a stressed reason and the theories that result from logical inference.

ans:true

A native German who proposed the idea that industrialization resulted in two classes: owners and
laborers.

ans: karl marx

A Greek term that means "study"

ans: logos

Analysis of data from a specific study is the concern of ______________________.

ans: sociology

It is a science that says that social matters: our lives are affected not only by our individual
characteristics but by our place in the social world.

ans:sociology

In German, it means "intimate communities"

Ans: Gemeinschaft
political organization:state= financial organization:

ans: . bank

Which of the following is true about Max Weber?

Ans: c. He focused on how industrialized revolution changed people’s thoughts and action.\

Social organization is an example of a formal group

Ans:false

He looked at society as which is in conflict.

Ans: Karl Marx

They are people who have something in common and who believe that what they have in common is
significant.

Ans: institution

An individual feels at home within this social unit.

Ans: In-group

Refers to judging other cultures against the standards of one’s culture

Ans: Ethnocentrism
Lenski said that sociocultural evolution is the change that occurs as a society acquires new technology.

Ans: True

Intangible and that which influences the behavior

Ans: Non-material culture

It is a group of people with shared territory, interaction and culture

Ans:society

Technology is a cultural component that helps make life easier.

Ans: True
Folkways are also known as customs

Ans:true

The tendency to view other cultures by the standards of one's own culture

Ans: ethnocentrism

Every exchange with a client is a cross-cultural one.

Ans:true
In order to fit into their new society, however, members must give up some of their original traditions.
This process is called

Ans: assimilation

Role models and mentors remain basically the same among cultures

Ans:false

The defining element of a society is __

Ans: culture

These are written rules of conduct enacted and enforced by government.

Ans:law

consists of people who interact to share a common culture.

Ans: Society

Which of the following agents of socialization can help develop a person's self-sense?

Ans:family

This happens one one starts schooling or works for a job

Ans: Primary socialization

He developed the notion of looking-glass self.

Ans: Cooley

They are virtual means of socialization

Ans: Media and technology

Socialization is also a form of a social control

Ans: True

Who developed a theory which posited that "self" is a product of social experience?

Ans: Mead

Crime committed by a company or corporation or people acting on its behalf. An example of this is
violation of environmental laws.

Ans: Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002\

It is the learning from the experiences that we have from the people who raised us.

Ans: Primary socialization

The agent of socialization that encourages to think and behave appropriately to the situations or
occasions of the society.
Ans:education

It is a crime borne from the offense committed by ordinary people against other people or
organizations, usually in public spaces.

Ans: Street crime

It is a group of people with shared territory, interaction and culture

Ans: a. society
Any violation of the norms of the society.

Ans: DEVIANCE

States that the unconscious mind shapes the behavior of a person.

Ans:social control

Tells individuals that they learn to take the role of others. The expectation of others forms the venue for
acquiring social roles.

Ans: THEORY OF LOOKING GLASS-SELF

The defining element of a society is ______

Ans: culture

A theory by Shaw and McKay, which concludes that socioeconomic status correlated to race and
ethnicity resulted in a higher crime rate.

Ans: Cultural Deviance Theory

Every exchange with a client is a cross-cultural one.

Ans:true

Role models and mentors remain basically the same among cultures.

Ans:false

Socialization happes in different stages of mind development--from infancy to adolescence or


adulthood.

Ans: Deviance Socialization

States that self emerges from social interactions.

Ans:theory of social self

Schooling is informal even with the presence of a trained teacher.

Ans: False

In this category, people choose their leaders to run their government.


Ans: Democracy

He wrote the Elementary Forms of the Religious Life in 1917.

Ans: Emile Durkheim

What is Republic Act 7877?

Ans: Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995

Manifest functions are functions that are _

Ans: Intended

Latent functions are functions that are

Ans: . Not the main focus

The religion that believes in the principle of karma

Ans: Hinduism

The most widespread religion, based on the belief that Jesus Christ was the redeemer of mankind.

Ans: Christianity

Religion can effect social change.

Ans: True

This is a political system that does not allow its citizens to participate in the government.

Ans: Authoritarianism

The theory of Wallerstein that stated "as societies are industrialized, capitalism became dominant in the
economic system leading to globalization of capitalism."

Ans: World System Theory

Stratified societies form a hierarchy of its members based on what they possess.

Ans: True

This political system allows citizens to choose their officials to run their government.

Ans:democracy

The class system places the individual in the social system based on his:

Ans: Civil status

The RA 7610 is a comprehensive women's human rights law that seeks to eliminate discrimination
against women by recognizing, protecting, fulfilling and promoting the rights of Filipino women,
especially those in marginalized sector.

Ans:true
All of the monarchies in the world are constitutional in which the reigning member of the royal family is
the symbolic head of the state.

Ans:true

In these societies, education was a significant determinant of social position.

Ans: Post-Industrialized Societies

This stratification system is based on merit rather than inheritance.

Ans: open stratification system

These are large corporations that do business in a number of different countries.

Ans: Global Corporations

Ascribed status is based on traits of a person at birth.

Ans:true

Which of the following is NOT a general characteristic of religion?

Ans: No correct answer

Cult is a religious group that is outside cultural norms which is typically around a charismatic leader.

Ans:false

Industrialization led to an increased social stratification.

Ans:true

Marriage between one woman and more than one man

Ans: Polyandry

This is an economic system in which success or failure of an enterprise is determined by means of free
competition.

Ans: free enterprise system

Matrilocality happens when a married couple opts to stay with the wife's family household

Ans:true

RA 9710 is also known as

Ans: The Magna Carta of Women

The law says that the State recognizes marriage as an inviolable institution and the foundation of family
is the foundation of the whole nation.

Ans: REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10354

Marriage between members of the same category, class, or group


Ans: Endogamy

This is a social system that is based on ascribed statuses of the individuals.

Ans: Meritocracy

Prelim

He developed the idea and coined the term “Sociology”

Ans: Auguste Compte

He believes that conflict characterizes society.

Ans: . Marx

He said that social facts, any patterns rooted in society rather than the experience of individuals.

Ans: Durkheim

A "scientific study of human society, its origin, structure, function and direction."

Ans: Sociology

Technology, when acquired by a society, causes it to change.

Ans: True

Sociology is considered as a _____ social science when most theories are based on polls, statistical
analysis, sampling, and large collections of life histories.

Ans: Quantitative

According to Robert Merton, the obvious function we openly intend a social system to perform are
________________.

Ans: Manifest functions

political organization:state= financial organization: _________

ans: bank

The domestication of plants and animals led to the birth of what society?

Ans: Horticultural and pastoral society

This is defined as the study of humankind using facts, hypothesis, and, and theories.

Ans: Anthropology

We are in a special interest group if we stay together to meet our interests as its members.

Ans: True
These societies use advanced sources of energy, rather than human and animals, to run large
machinery.

Ans: Industrial Societies

The sociological imagination:

Ans: guides most people’s ordinary conduct in everyday life

Weber believes in predestination and God’s favor, religious ethic and transformed to work ethic.

Ans: True

Which of the following is considered a “taboo”?

Ans: all of the choices

Sociologist who focused on how industrial revolution changed the thoughts and action and how it
brought about a process called rationalization.

Ans: Max Weber

The belief that all social groups are systems whose parts are interdependent is a characteristic of:

Ans: functionalism

societies started the domestication and breeding of animals for food.

Ans: human

This is the scientific study of human society, its origin, structure, function, and direction.

Ans: Sociology

The first Filipino to acquire a doctorate degree in Sociology and published a book entitled: "An
Introduction to Sociology" in 1938.

Ans: Sefin M. Macaraig

The first school in the Philippines which offered a bachelor's degree in sociology

Ans: University of Sto. Tomas

This refers to an unplanned group

Ans: informal group

Which is not included in Max Weber’s Rational Social Organization?

Ans: Disillusionment

Social organization is an example of a formal group

Ans: False

Sociology is a physical science. It concentrates on man, his social behavior, social activities and social life.
Ans: True

A rule that guides our behavior.

Ans: Norm

Rationalism is a stressed reason and the theories that result from logical inference.

Ans: True

Rationalism refers to the approach that emphasizes experience and the facts that result from
observation and experimentation.

Ans: False

Wrote the book "Society in America" which examines religion, politics, child rearing, and immigration in
the young nation.

Ans: Harriet Martineau

Conflict Theory is primarily based on the work of:

Ans: Karl Marx

Midterm

The defining element of a society is ___________________.

Ans: culture

These are written rules of conduct enacted and enforced by government.

Ans: laws

Crime committed by a company or corporation or people acting on its behalf. An example of this is
violation of environmental laws.

Ans: corporate crime

These refer to the cultural representations of reality which give meanings to events and objects.

Ans: symbol

consists of people who interact to share a common culture.

Ans: sociology

In order to fit into their new society, however, members must give up some of their original traditions.
This process is called ______________.

Ans: assimilation

The sociologist whose theoretical paradigm views society as struggle between groups over limited
resources is _____________.
Ans: Karl Marx

In working with clients from other cultural backgrounds, the IT specialist may find that the client is not
fluent in English. The IT specialist recognizes this as an appropriate strategy for communicating with
clients who are not fluent in English.

Ans: incorporating appropriate hand gestures and pictures

Freud theorized that the development of the id, ego, and superego occurs over time and that the three
must be in balance.

Ans: True

It is a crime borne from the offense committed by ordinary people against other people or
organizations, usually in public spaces.

Ans: Street crime

Are rewards to those who conform to norms.

Ans: Positive sanctions

The agent of socialization that orients us with the necessary experiences so that we develop our self-
sense.

Ans: Family

Every exchange with a client is a cross-cultural one.

Ans: True

Moral development is a continual process that takes place throughout a person's lifespan.

Ans: True

Abandons both the cultural goals and prescribed means to achieve them, but tries to set up new norms
or goals.

Ans: rebel

It is the violation of the norms of society

Ans: deviance

Folkways are also known as customs.

Ans: True

He developed the notion of looking-glass self.

Ans: Cooley

Who developed a theory which posited that "self" is a product of social experience?

Ans: Mead
A theory which says that deviant behavior is caused by breakdown of norms, laws, mores, and other
important values of the society.

Ans: SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY

This happens one one starts schooling or works for a job.

Ans: Secondary socialization

The agent of socialization that encourages to think and behave appropriately to the situations or
occasions of the society.

Ans: Institutional Agents

Socialization is also a form of a social control

Ans: True

Which theory states how social interactions cause the emergence of the self?

Ans: Theory of the Social Self

Theory of Looking-Glass Self states how other people's expectations become the venue for acquiring
social roles.

Ans: True

It is a group of people with shared territory, interaction and culture

Ans: society

What do you call a culture within the dominant culture?

Ans: none of these

Are punishments for violating norms.

Ans: third party punishment

Merton's Theory said that when people are prevented from achieving culturally approved goals through
institutionalized means, they experience strain that can lead to deviance.

Ans: True

The law also known as "Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002."

Ans: . Republic Act No. 9165

It is a violation of a written law.

Ans: crime

Which of the following agents of socialization can help develop a person's self-sense?

Ans: family
It is a way society has of encouraging conformity to norms. It consists of positive and negative sanctions.

Ans: c. Social control

They are virtual means of socialization

Ans: . Media and technology

Abandons both the cultural goals and the prescribed means to achieve them.

Ans: Retreatists

The theory that states that labeling on behavior by society is a deviance and causes deviant behavior.

Ans: . Labeling Theory

Piaget posited four stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete


operational and formal operational

Ans: True

It is the process whereby we learn to become competent members of a group.

Ans: Socialization

Role models and mentors remain basically the same among cultures.

Ans: True

Crime committed by the person towards himself. Examples are prostitution, gambling, and drug abuse.

Ans: victimless crimes.

What are values?

Ans: All of these

It is the learning from the experiences that we have from the people who raised us.

Ans: Primary socialization

Kind of crime that is illegal because it is committed by the youth.

Ans: Status crime

The tendency to view other cultures by the standards of one's own culture.

Ans: ethnocentrism

Deviance is a relative issue and may differ based on location, age, social status, and individual societies.

Ans: True

Technology is a cultural component that helps make life easier.

Ans:true
According to Freud, the conscious mind shapes the behavior of a person

Ans:false

The way a person reacts to health and illness is an attitude and perception that involve all other cultural
components.

Ans: True

Prefinal

Child rearing is a basic function of the Filipino family.

Ans: True

Gives up cultural goals but follows the prescribed norms.

Ans: RITUALISTS

States that self emerges from social interactions

Ans: theory of the social self

The regulation and enforcement of norms to maintain social order.

Ans: Social control

Volunteerism benefits you in what way/ways?

Ans: All of these

Schooling is informal even with the presence of a trained teacher.

Ans: False

IDENTIFICATION: Answer

Refers to marriage between one woman and more than one man.

Ans: Polygyny

Capitalism is an economic system that encourages individual profit.

Ans: b. True

This is a political system that does not allow its citizens to participate in the government.

Ans: Monarchy

The defining element of a society is ___________________.

Ans: culture

refers to the practice in which the newly married couple chooses to stay with the wife's family
household.
Ans: Matrilocality

______ states that individuals learn deviant behavior from those who are close to them who provide
them models of and opportunities for deviance.

Ans: differential association theory

Every exchange with a client is a cross-cultural one.

Ans:true

Religion with their code of conduct helps to discipline society.

Ans: True

A man marrying more than one woman is called polyandry

Ans: True

It is a foundation of family life.

Ans: family

States that moral development is a continual process that occurs throughout our lifespan.

Ans: Moral Development Theory

Politics is manifested as a social institution in _________________.

Ans: Government

FILL IN THE BLANK: Family is the ___agent of socialization.

Ans: primary

Dominant tools for socialization which help children acquire new language, values, and behaviors from
what they read, see, and hear.

Ans:media

Magna Carta for Women is RA 9170;

Ans:true

According to Buddhism, karma can be strengthened or weakened by good acts and bad acts.

Ans: False

Single-parenthood is considered an alternative family.

Ans: True

states that the rules of society are stacked in favor of a privileged few who manipulate them to stay on
top.

Ans: POWER ELITE


The process by which children and adults learn from others skills, knowledge, norms and values of their
society.

Ans: Socialization

A social institution that provides for the production and distribution of good.

Ans: Economy

Monarchy is a government category that is ruled by a king or queen.

Ans: a. True

Polygamy is marrying only one woman.

Ans: False

The marriage between members of the same category, class or group

Ans: . Endogamy

The religion that believes in the principle of karma

Ans: Buddhism

States that the unconscious mind shapes the behavior of a person.

Ans: social control

introduces the person to the expectations of society. They orient us with the necessary experiences so
that the child develops self-sense.

Ans: family

Tells individuals that they learn to take the role of others. The expectation of others forms the venue for
acquiring social roles.

Ans: Socialization

An agent of socialization that influences beliefs about sexuality, including the likelihood of tolerance for
gay and lesbian sexuality.

Ans: religion

Hinduism is the oldest major world religion.

Ans:true

_____ states that bhaviors are tagged or labelled as proper or improper, moral or immoral, good or bad.

Ans: LABELING THEORY


The way a person reacts to health and illness is an attitude and perception that involve all other cultural
components.

Ans:true

Socialization happes in different stages of mind development--from infancy to adolescence or


adulthood.

Ans: cognitive development theory

Preserving social order is an important function of education.

Ans:true

Common-law marriage does not require the partners to live together.

Ans:false

Followers of this religion believe that the true word of God was revealed to the prophet Muhammad
around 570 A.D.

Ans: islam

The tendency to view other cultures by the standards of one's own culture.

Ans: ethnocentrism

This offense includes underaged drinking.

Ans: Underage Drinking Laws

A social institution that answers questions that could hardly be explained.

Ans: Religion

In this category, people choose their leaders to run their government.

Ans: Democracy

What do you call a culture within the dominant culture?

Ans: none of these

Any violation of the norms of the society.

Ans: DEVIANCE

FILL IN THE BLANK: The Answer

is the approved social unit for producing members who have died or moved away.

Ans: Matrilocality

The most widespread religion, based on the belief that Jesus Christ was the redeemer of mankind.

Ans: Christianity
Finals

The tendency to view other cultures by the standards of one's own culture.

Ans: ethnocentrism

Written rules of conduct enacted and enforced by government.

Ans: . Laws

Preserving social order is an important function of education.

Ans: True

Sociology is considered as a _____ social science when most theories are based on polls, statistical
analysis, sampling, and large collections of life histories.

Ans: Quantitative

English sociologist who proposed that there is parallelism between how society evolves in the same
manner as animal species do.

Ans: Herbert Spencer

Socialism is an economic system that allows limited rights to private property.

Ans: True

In working with clients from other cultural backgrounds, the IT specialist may find that the client is not
fluent in English. The IT specialist recognizes this as an appropriate strategy for communicating with
clients who are not fluent in English.

Ans: incorporating appropriate hand gestures and pictures

Intangible and that which influences the behavior

Ans: Non-material culture

What do you call a culture within the dominant culture?

Ans: d. subculture

It is the violation of the norms of society

Ans: d. deviance

Conflict Theory is primarily based on the work of:

Ans: Karl Marx

The domestication of plants and animals led to the birth of what society?

Ans: b. Agricultural society


Dominant tools for socialization which help children acquire new language, values, and behaviors from
what they read, see, and hear.

Ans: media

He wrote the Elementary Forms of the Religious Life in 1917.

Ans: Emile Durkheim

He was the founder of Sociology.

Ans: Auguste Comte

Role models and mentors remain basically the same among cultures.

Ans: True

Volunteerism benefits you in what way/ways?

Ans: b. All of these

According to Robert Merton, the obvious function we openly intend a social system to perform are
________________.

Ans: . Manifest functions

Societies use hand tools to raise crops.

Ans: Horticulture

Deviance is a relative issue and may differ based on location, age, social status, and individual societies.

Ans: True

The way a person reacts to health and illness is an attitude and perception that involve all other cultural
components.

Ans: True

Neolocality happens when a married couple stays with the husband's family household.

Ans: True

It is the study of society and human behavior.

Ans: Sociology

What type of social science is concerned with human culture, as well as the physical and social
characteristics that create that culture?

Ans: anthropology

This is a type of stratification system in which inheritance than merit determines social rank.

Ans: Caste system


This is the scientific study of human society, its origin, structure, function, and direction.

Ans: . Sociology

introduces the person to the expectations of society. They orient us with the necessary experiences so
that the child develops self-sense.

Ans: family

By learning about their cultural heritages, children gain a sense of belonging to something larger than
themselves.

Ans: True

states that the rules of society are stacked in favor of a privileged few who manipulate them to stay on
top.

Ans: Power Elite

The regulation and enforcement of norms to maintain social order.

Ans: social control

An agent of socialization that influences beliefs about sexuality, including the likelihood of tolerance for
gay and lesbian sexuality.

Ans: religion

Piaget posited four stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete


operational and formal operational

Ans: True

Who authored “Society in America”?

Ans: Harriet Martineau

Kind of crime that is illegal because it is committed by the youth.

Ans: Status crime

Merton's Theory said that when people are prevented from achieving culturally approved goals through
institutionalized means, they experience strain that can lead to deviance.

Ans: True

Weber believes in predestination and God’s favor, religious ethic and transformed to work ethic.

Ans: True

He believed that society has an “objective reality”.

Ans: Emile Durkheim.

The most widespread religion, based on the belief that Jesus Christ was the redeemer of mankind.
Ans: Christianity

Socialization is also a form of a social control

Ans: True

The sociologist whose theoretical paradigm views society as struggle between groups over limited
resources is _____________.

Ans: . Karl Marx

We are in a special interest group if we stay together to meet our interests as its members.

Ans: True

Anthropology and Sociology are different sciences that deals with human beings and their
characteristics.

Ans: True

These societies use advanced sources of energy, rather than human and animals, to run large
machinery.

Ans: Industrial Societies

A Latin term which means “companion” or “associate”.

Ans: Socius

Job specification started in these societies.

Ans: Post-Industrialized Societies

These refer to the cultural representations of reality which give meanings to events and objects.

Ans: symbols

What component of culture makes human life easier (e.g. mass production of goods)?

Ans: . Technology

“sui generis” means _______

Ans: . unique

Monarchy is a government category that is ruled by a king or queen

Ans: . True

The kind of society that displays a high level of interdependence among its members.

Ans: Hunting and gathering society