Você está na página 1de 85

# Chapter 4

TRANSIENT RESPONSE
4.2 POLES, ZEROS, AND
SYSTEM RESPONSE
POLES OF A TRANSFER FUNCTION
ZEROS OF A TRANSFER FUNCTION
POLES AND ZEROS OF A FIRST-ORDER
SYSTEM: AN EXAMPLE

2
3
4
EXAMPLE 4.1

5
4.3 FIRST-ORDER SYSTEMS

6
7
8
9
TIME CONSTANT
RISE TIME, Tr

SETTLING TIME, Ts

## FIRST-ORDER TRANSFER FUNCTION VIA

TESTING

10
11
4.4 SECOND-ORDER SYSTEMS:
INTRODUCTION
OVERDAMPED RESPONSE, FIGURE 4.7 (b)

## UNDERDAMPED RESPONSE, FIGURE 4.7 (c)

12
13
14
EXAMPLE 4.2

15
UNDAMPED RESPONSE, FIGURE 4.7 (d)

## CRITICALLY DAMPED RESPONSE, FIGURE

4.7 (e)

16
17
4.5 THE GENERAL SECOND-
ORDER SYSTEM
NATURAL FREQUENCY, ωn
DAMPING RATIO, ζ

18
19
EXAMPLE 4.3

20
21
22
EXAMPLE 4.4

23
EXAMPLE 4.4

24
4.6 UNDERDAMPED SECOND-
ORDER SYSTEMS

25
26
27
EVALUATION OF Tp

28
29
EVALUATION %OS

30
31
EVALUATION OF Ts

32
33
EVALUATION OF Tr

34
EXAMPLE 4.5

35
36
37
38
39
EXAMPLE 4.6

40
EXAMPLE 4.6

41
EXAMPLE 4.7

42
EXAMPLE 4.7

43
SECOND-ORDER TRANSFER FUNCTIONS
VIA TESTING

44
4.7 SYSTEMS RESPONSE WITH

45
46
47
48
EXAMPLE 4.8

49
EXAMPLE 4.8

50
EXAMPLE 4.8

51
4.8 SYSTEM RESPONSE WITH
ZEROS

52
53
54
EXAMPLE 4.9

55
EXAMPLE 4.9

56
EXAMPLE 4.9

57
EXAMPLE 4.9

58
EXAMPLE 4.9

59
EXAMPLE 4.9

60
61
EXAMPLE 4.10

62
EXAMPLE 4.10

63
4.9 EFFECTS OF NONLINEARITIES
UPON TIME RESPONSE

64
65
66
67
68
69
4.10 LAPLACE TRANSFORM
SOLUTION OF STATE EQUATIONS

70
EIGENVALUES AND TRANSFER FUNCTION
POLES

71
EXAMPLE 4.11

72
EXAMPLE 4.11

73
EXAMPLE 4.11

74
EXAMPLE 4.11

75
EXAMPLE 4.11

76
EXAMPLE 4.11

77
4.11 TIME DOMAIN SOLUTION
OF STATE EQUATIONS

78
EXAMPLE 4.12

79
EXAMPLE 4.12

80
EXAMPLE 4.12

81
EXAMPLE 4.12

82
EXAMPLE 4.12

83
EXAMPLE 4.13

84
EXAMPLE 4.13

85