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Chapter 4

TRANSIENT RESPONSE
4.2 POLES, ZEROS, AND
SYSTEM RESPONSE
POLES OF A TRANSFER FUNCTION
ZEROS OF A TRANSFER FUNCTION
POLES AND ZEROS OF A FIRST-ORDER
SYSTEM: AN EXAMPLE

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EXAMPLE 4.1

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4.3 FIRST-ORDER SYSTEMS

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TIME CONSTANT
RISE TIME, Tr

SETTLING TIME, Ts

FIRST-ORDER TRANSFER FUNCTION VIA


TESTING

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4.4 SECOND-ORDER SYSTEMS:
INTRODUCTION
OVERDAMPED RESPONSE, FIGURE 4.7 (b)

UNDERDAMPED RESPONSE, FIGURE 4.7 (c)

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EXAMPLE 4.2

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UNDAMPED RESPONSE, FIGURE 4.7 (d)

CRITICALLY DAMPED RESPONSE, FIGURE


4.7 (e)

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4.5 THE GENERAL SECOND-
ORDER SYSTEM
NATURAL FREQUENCY, ωn
DAMPING RATIO, ζ

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EXAMPLE 4.3

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EXAMPLE 4.4

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EXAMPLE 4.4

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4.6 UNDERDAMPED SECOND-
ORDER SYSTEMS

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EVALUATION OF Tp

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EVALUATION %OS

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EVALUATION OF Ts

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EVALUATION OF Tr

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EXAMPLE 4.5

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EXAMPLE 4.6

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EXAMPLE 4.6

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EXAMPLE 4.7

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EXAMPLE 4.7

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SECOND-ORDER TRANSFER FUNCTIONS
VIA TESTING

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4.7 SYSTEMS RESPONSE WITH
ADDITIONAL POLES

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EXAMPLE 4.8

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EXAMPLE 4.8

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EXAMPLE 4.8

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4.8 SYSTEM RESPONSE WITH
ZEROS

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EXAMPLE 4.9

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EXAMPLE 4.9

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EXAMPLE 4.9

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EXAMPLE 4.9

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EXAMPLE 4.9

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EXAMPLE 4.9

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EXAMPLE 4.10

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EXAMPLE 4.10

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4.9 EFFECTS OF NONLINEARITIES
UPON TIME RESPONSE

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4.10 LAPLACE TRANSFORM
SOLUTION OF STATE EQUATIONS

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EIGENVALUES AND TRANSFER FUNCTION
POLES

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EXAMPLE 4.11

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EXAMPLE 4.11

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EXAMPLE 4.11

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EXAMPLE 4.11

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EXAMPLE 4.11

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EXAMPLE 4.11

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4.11 TIME DOMAIN SOLUTION
OF STATE EQUATIONS

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EXAMPLE 4.12

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EXAMPLE 4.12

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EXAMPLE 4.12

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EXAMPLE 4.12

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EXAMPLE 4.12

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EXAMPLE 4.13

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EXAMPLE 4.13

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