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Problems on H.C.F and L.C.M - General Questions
1. Find the greatest number that will divide 43, 91 and 183 so as to leave the same remainder in
each case.
A. 4

B. 7

C. 9

D. 13
Explanation:
Required number = H.C.F. of (91 - 43), (183 - 91) and (183 - 43)
= H.C.F. of 48, 92 and 140 = 4.

2. The H.C.F. of two numbers is 23 and the other two factors of their L.C.M. are 13 and 14. The
larger of the two numbers is:
A. 276

B. 299

C. 322

D. 345
Explanation:
Clearly, the numbers are (23 x 13) and (23 x 14).

## Larger number = (23 x 14) = 322.

3. Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 2, 4, 6, 8 10 and 12 seconds
respectively. In 30 minutes, how many times do they toll together ?
A. 4

B. 10

C. 15

D. 16
Explanation:
L.C.M. of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 is 120.
So, the bells will toll together after every 120 seconds(2 minutes).
30
In 30 minutes, they will toll together
+ 1 = 16 times.
2

4. Let N be the greatest number that will divide 1305, 4665 and 6905, leaving the same remainder
in each case. Then sum of the digits in N is:
A. 4

B. 5

C. 6

D. 8
Explanation:
N = H.C.F. of (4665 - 1305), (6905 - 4665) and (6905 - 1305)
= H.C.F. of 3360, 2240 and 5600 = 1120.
Sum of digits in N = ( 1 + 1 + 2 + 0 ) = 4

5. The greatest number of four digits which is divisible by 15, 25, 40 and 75 is:
A. 9000

B. 9400

C. 9600

D. 9800
Explanation:
Greatest number of 4-digits is 9999.
L.C.M. of 15, 25, 40 and 75 is 600.
On dividing 9999 by 600, the remainder is 399.
Required number (9999 - 399) = 9600.

1. A bank offers 5% compound interest calculated on half-yearly basis. A customer deposits Rs.
1600 each on 1stJanuary and 1st July of a year. At the end of the year, the amount he would have
gained by way of interest is:
A. Rs. 120

B. Rs. 121

C. Rs. 122

D. Rs. 123
Explanation:
5 2 5
Amount = Rs. 1600 x 1 + 2 x 100 + 1600 x 1 + 2 x 100

41 41 41
= Rs. 1600 x x + 1600 x
40 40 40

41 41
= Rs. 1600 x 40 40 + 1

1600 x 41 x 81
= Rs.
40 x 40

= Rs. 3321.

## C.I. = Rs. (3321 - 3200) = Rs. 121

2. The difference between simple and compound interests compounded annually on a certain sum
of money for 2 years at 4% per annum is Re. 1. The sum (in Rs.) is:
A. 625

B. 630

C. 640

D. 650
Explanation:
Let the sum be Rs. x. Then,
4 2 676 51
C.I. = x 1 + 100 -x = 625x - x = 625x.

xx4x2 2x
S.I. = = .
100 25
51x 2x
- =1
625 25
x = 625.

3. There is 60% increase in an amount in 6 years at simple interest. What will be the compound
interest of Rs. 12,000 after 3 years at the same rate?
A. Rs. 2160

B. Rs. 3120

C. Rs. 3972

D. Rs. 6240

E. None of these
Explanation:
Let P = Rs. 100. Then, S.I. Rs. 60 and T = 6 years.
100 x 60
R= = 10% p.a.
100 x 6
Now, P = Rs. 12000. T = 3 years and R = 10% p.a.
10 3
C.I. = Rs. 12000 x 1 + 100 -1

331
= Rs. 12000 x
1000

= 3972.

4.
What is the difference between the compound interests on Rs. 5000 for 1 years at 4% per
annum compounded yearly and half-yearly?
A. Rs. 2.04

B. Rs. 3.06

C. Rs. 4.80

D. Rs. 8.30
Explanation:
C.I. when interest = Rs. 5000 x 1+ x 1+
compounded yearly 4 x4
100 100

26 51
= Rs. 5000 x x
25 50

= Rs. 5304.

## C.I. when interest is 2 3

= Rs. 5000 x 1 + 100
compounded half-yearly

51 51 51
= Rs. 5000 x x x
50 50 50

= Rs. 5306.04

## Difference = Rs. (5306.04 - 5304) = Rs. 2.04

5. The compound interest on Rs. 30,000 at 7% per annum is Rs. 4347. The period (in years) is:
A. 2

1
B. 2
2

C. 3

D. 4
Explanation:
Amount = Rs. (30000 + 4347) = Rs. 34347.
Let the time be n years.
7 n
Then, 30000 1 + = 34347
100
107 n 34347 11449 107 2
= = =
100 30000 10000 100
n = 2 years.
man on tour travels first 160 km at 64 km/hr and the next 160 km at 80 km/hr. The average speed for
the first 320 km of the tour is:
A. 35.55 km/hr

B. 36 km/hr

C. 71.11 km/hr

D. 71 km/hr
Explanation:
160 160 9
Total time taken = + = hrs.
64 80 hrs. 2
2
Average speed = 320 x = 71.11 km/hr.
9 km/hr

A car travelling with of its actual speed covers 42 km in 1 hr 40 min 48 sec. Find the actual
speed of the car.
6
A. 17 km/hr
7

B. 25 km/hr

C. 30 km/hr

D. 35 km/hr
Explanation:
4 51 126
Time taken = 1 hr 40 min 48 sec = 1 hr 40 min = 1 hrs = hrs.
5 75 75
Let the actual speed be x km/hr.
5 126
Then, x x = 42
7 75
42 x 7 x 75
x= = 35 km/hr.
5 x 126

A farmer travelled a distance of 61 km in 9 hours. He travelled partly on foot @ 4 km/hr and partly on
bicycle @ 9 km/hr. The distance travelled on foot is:
A. 14 km

B. 15 km

C. 16 km

D. 17 km
Explanation:
Let the distance travelled on foot be x km.
Then, distance travelled on bicycle = (61 -x) km.
x (61 -x)
So, + =9
4 9
9x + 4(61 -x) = 9 x 36
5x = 80
x = 16 km.

A person crosses a 600 m long street in 5 minutes. What is his speed in km per hour?
A. 3.6
B. 7.2

C. 8.4

D. 10
Explanation:
600
Speed =
5 x 60 m/sec.

= 2 m/sec.
Converting m/sec to km/hr (see important formulas section)
18
= 2x km/hr
5
= 7.2 km/hr.

If a person walks at 14 km/hr instead of 10 km/hr, he would have walked 20 km more. The actual
distance travelled by him is:
A. 50 km

B. 56 km

C. 70 km

D. 80 km