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AUTO REF/KERATOMETER

ARK-530A/ARK-510A

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Original instructions

NIDEK CO., LTD. : 34-14, Maehama, Hiroishi-cho, Gamagori, Aichi 443-0038, Japan
(Manufacturer) Telephone: +81-533-67-6611
Facsimile: +81-533-67-6610
NIDEK CO., LTD. : 3F Sumitomo Fudosan Hongo Bldg., 3-22-5, Hongo,
(Tokyo Office) Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
Telephone: +81-3-5844-2641
Facsimile: +81-3-5844-2642
NIDEK INCORPORATED : 47651 Westinghouse Drive, Fremont, California 94539, U. S. A.
(United States Agent) Telephone: +1-510-226-5700
Facsimile: +1-510-226-5750
NIDEK S.A. : Europarc 13, rue Auguste Perret, 94042 Créteil, France
(EU Authorized Representative) Telephone: +33-1-49 80 97 97
Facsimile: +33-1-49 80 32 08

April 2012
30702-P902H
Printed in Japan


Use this device properly and safely.

BEFORE USE, READ THIS MANUAL.

This operator’s manual contains information necessary for the operation of the NIDEK
AUTO REF/KERATOMETER Model ARK-530A/ARK-510A. This manual includes the
operating procedures, safety precautions, and specifications.

This manual is necessary for proper use. Especially, the safety precautions and operating
procedures must be thoroughly understood prior to operation of the device.

Keep this manual handy to verify use whenever necessary.

The device complies with ISO 10342 subclause 4: 2010 (Ophthalmic instruments-Eye
Refractometers) and ISO 10343 subclause 4: 2009 (Ophthalmic instruments-
Ophthalmometers). The dioptric powers are indicated with reference wavelength Od =
587.56 nm.

There are no parts within the device that requires servicing by the user other than printer
paper.

This manual is described mainly using the screen samples of the ARK-530A.

If you encounter any problems or have questions about the device, please contact NIDEK
or your authorized distributor.

CAUTION • United States Federal law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a properly
licensed practitioner.

Safety precautions

In this manual, a signal word is used to designate the degree or level of safety alerting. The defini-
tion is as follows.

WARNING • Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in death or
serious injury.

CAUTION • Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury or property damage accident.

I


Usage precautions

Safety of LED

CAUTION • The device is a Class 1 LED product in accordance with IEC60825-1: 1993+A1:
1997+A2: 2001 and the LED used for the device is safe in expected use conditions
including situations such as looking into the LED using an optical system. However, it
is recommended to observe the following precautions when using the device:
1) Do not direct LED beams to human eyes when unnecessary.
2) Do not look into the objective lens (aperture) for a long period of time for observation.
3) If the device cannot be used properly or any device problem cannot be solved, imme-
diately stop using the device, then contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

Before use

WARNING • Connect the power plug to a ground outlet. Or connect a grounding wire to a ground
terminal.
Electric shock or fire may occur in the event of device malfunction or power leakage.

CAUTION • Do not use the device for other than the intended purpose.
NIDEK is not responsible for accidents or malfunctions caused by careless use.

• Be sure to read the manual prior to operation of the device to understand the safety
precautions and operating procedures thoroughly.
Using the device for purposes other than specified in this manual may cause unex-
pected malfunctions and/or adverse events.

• Never disassemble nor touch the inside of the device.


This may result in electric shock or malfunction.

• Install the device in an environment that meets the following conditions. The following
conditions must be maintained during use.
Use conditions
Temperature: 10 to 35ºC (50 to 95ºF)
Humidity: 30 to 90% (Non-condensing)
Pressure: 800 to 1060 hPa
A place with low dust
A place not exposed to water
A place with little external light
A level and stable surface free from vibration and shock
If the device is not installed and used under the above conditions, the reliability of mea-
sured results is impaired, and malfunction may result. In addition, there is a possibility of
injury if the device receives shock and falls down.

• Avoid installing the device near sunny window or directly under a light.
Intense light entering the measuring window may interfere with proper measurement.

II


CAUTION • Avoid storing the device where it is exposed to rain or water, or poisonous gas or
liquid is present.
Corrosion or malfunction of the device may occur.

• Avoid installing the device where it is exposed to direct air-conditioning flow.


Changes in temperature may result in condensation inside the device or adversely
affect measurements.

• Be sure to use a (HOSPITAL GRADE) wall outlet which meets the power specification
requirements.
If the line voltage is too high or too low, the device may not perform properly. Malfunc-
tion or fire may occur.

• Completely insert the power plug into the outlet as far as the prongs will go.
Fire may occur if the device is used with a loose connection.

• Never use a power strip or extension cable to supply the device with power.
The electrical safety may be lowered.

• Do not use a power cord other than the one provided. Also do not connect the
provided power cord to any other device.
Failure or fire may result.

• Do not place heavy objects on the power cord.


The damaged power cord may cause fire or electric shock.

• Before connecting the cable, turn off the power switch and disconnect the power cord
from the outlet.
Malfunction of the device may result.

• Install the device in area where the outlet that the mains plug is inserted into is easily
accessible during use. In addition, ensure that the power cord can be disconnected
without the use of a tool.
Otherwise, it may interfere with disconnecting of the power from the input power source
in case of abnormality.

• Before carrying the device, put the device into packing mode and lock the main body
to the base with the locking lever.
Accidental movement of the measuring unit during transportation may result in malfunction.
For packing mode setting, see “{ Shutoff before transporting the device” (page 35).

• Insert the plug into the connector according to the proper indication and orientation
and do not apply undue force to make the connections.

• Be sure to connect a communication cable, checking the symbols of input (IN: )

and output (OUT: ).


Data transmission may not be performed properly.

III


CAUTION • When the device is carried, two persons


should hold it at positions (A) and (B)
(both right and left sides). Avoid lifting
by the forehead rest or main body
instead hold it by the bottom of the
base.
If only one person carries the device,
or areas other than the base are used
for lifting and the device falls, there is a
possibility of injury or malfunction. (A) (B)

• This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for medical devices
to the IEC 60601-1-2: 2007.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a standard medical installation.
This device generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to other devices in the vicinity.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation.
If this device does cause harmful interference to other devices, which can be
determined by turning the device off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:
- Reorient or relocate the receiving device.
- Increase the separation between the devices.
- Connect the device to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the other
device(s) are connected.
- Consult the manufacturer or field service technician for help.

• The International Electrotechnical Commission sets the essential requirements for


electrical and electronic equipment that may disturb, or be disturbed by, other
equipment. The device complies with these requirements as shown in the tables in “6
EMC (ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY)” (page 127). Follow the guidance in the
tables for use of the device in an electromagnetic environment.

IV


During use

CAUTION • Before use, perform visual and operation checks. If abnormal conditions are
encountered, stop using the device.
If the device is used under abnormal conditions, intended results may not occur. Also
unexpected malfunctions or health hazards may occur due to improper measurement.

• Before and after use of the device, and before treating each patient, clean the patient’s
contact area (chinrest and forehead rest) with clean absorbent cotton or gauze
dampened with rubbing alcohol.
If chinrest paper is used, remove one piece for each patient.
For severe stains, wipe the area not with a dry cloth but with gauze dampened with alcohol.

• Take care not to catch hands or fingers in moving parts (measuring unit, main body,
and chinrest). Pay particular attention to the measuring unit as it moves in each
direction during auto alignment. Be sure to give this caution to patients.
Hands or fingers may be pinched and may result in injury.

• Keep the measuring window free of fingerprints and dust. Also confirm that it is not
dirty before use.
The measurement accuracy may decrease substantially.

• In the event of smoke or strange odors, immediately turn off the device and
disconnect the power plug from the outlet. After you are sure that the smoke has
stopped, then contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.
Usage of the device under such abnormal conditions may cause fire or electric shock. In
case of fire, use a dry chemical (ABC) extinguisher to extinguish the fire.

• Before measurement, explain the measurement purpose and method sufficiently to


patients.

• Instruct the patient to see the picture of a balloon with their eyes wide open. Start the
measurement after confirming that the instruction is properly followed by the patient.
Be careful not to perform measurement while the device is misaligned to the patient’s
eye.
Proper measurement may not be performed.

• After measurement, instruct the patient not to hold the chinrest when the patient is
released from the device.
The device may topple over resulting in injury.

• Immediately replace the power cord if the internal wires are exposed, the device turns
on or off when the power cord is moved, or the cord and/or plug are too hot to be held
with hands.
This may result in electric shock or fire.
In the event of malfunction, disconnect the power cord from the wall outlet. Never touch
the inside of the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

• Never press on the LCD with a hard object such as a ball-point pen. Keep magnetic
objects away from the LCD.
The device may be damaged.

V


CAUTION • Do not operate the LCD with wet hands.


Water seeping into the device may result in failure of the device.

• There may be a few dead or constantly-lit pixels in your LCD. This does not represent
failure of the LCD; This is due to the structure of the LCD.

• If the device is connected to a PC that does not comply with IEC60601-1 (except one
that uses an AC adapter that meets the Class II requirements of IEC60950-1), supply
power to the device and PC through isolation transformers.
Contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor for installing isolation transformers.

• When connecting to peripheral equipment such as a PC with LAN port via a


medical facility network, insert or connect an isolation transformer between the
medical electrical equipment and network devices (HUB etc.), or the network
devices and other electrical equipment.
Depending on the types or numbers of other electrical equipment connected to the net-
work, electric shock or malfunction/failure of the electrical equipment may occur.
For installation of the network isolation transformer, consult NIDEK or your authorized
distributor.

• Accessory equipment connected to the analog and digital interfaces must be certified
according to the representative appropriate national standards (for example, UL
60950-1 for Data Processing Equipment, UL 60601-1 for Medical Equipment, and CSA
C22.2 No. 601-1, EN 60601-1, and IEC 60601-1.) Furthermore, all configurations shall
comply with the system standard IEC 60601-1. Anyone who connects additional
equipment to the signal input part or signal output part configures a medical system,
and is therefore responsible that the system complies with the requirements of the
system standard IEC 60601-1. If in doubt, consult the technical service department or
your local representative.

• Should the device fail, disconnect the power cord from the wall outlet, then contact
NIDEK or your authorized distributor without touching the interior of the device.

• If the device is used after a long period of disuse, check for any abnormality before
use.

VI


CAUTION • During installation and operation of the device, observe the following instructions
about EMC (electromagnetic compatibility):
- Do not use the device simultaneously with other electronic equipment to avoid electro-
magnetic interference with the operation of the device.
- Do not use the device near, on, or under other electronic equipment to avoid electro-
magnetic interference with the operation of the device.
- Do not use the device in the same room with other equipment such as life-support
equipment, equipment that has major effects on the life of the patient and results of
treatment, or any other measurement or treatment equipment that involves small
electric current.
- Do not use the device with portable and mobile radio frequency communication sys-
tems because that may have an adverse effect on operation of the device.
- Do not use cables and accessories that are not specified for the device because that
may increase the emission of electromagnetic waves from the device and decrease
the immunity of the device to electromagnetic disturbance.

• This device is classified as Group 1 set by ISO 15004-2: 2007 Light Hazard and
conforms to the standard.

VII


{ Patient environment
The patient environment is the volume of space in which contact can occur between the patient and
any part of the device (including connected devices) or between the patient and any other person(s)
touching the device (including connected devices).
Use devices that comply with IEC60601-1 in the patient environment. If any device that does not com-
ply with IEC 60601-1 is to be used, use an isolating transformer or common protective grounding.

Radius of 1.5 m

2.5 m

1.5 m 1.5 m

VIII


After use

CAUTION • This device uses a heat-sensitive printer paper. The paper degrades over time and the
printed characters may become illegible.
If glue containing organic solvents or adhesives such as on adhesive tape comes in
contact with the printer paper, the printed characters may become illegible.
To keep the printed data for a long period of time, make copies of the printouts or write
the measured results down.

• When the device is not in use, turn off the power switch and put the dust cover over
the device.
If not, dust may affect the measurement accuracy.

• Do not pull the power cord to disconnect it from a wall outlet but hold the plug.
This can damage the metal core of the cord and may result in fire, short circuit or elec-
tric shock.

• Occasionally clean the prongs of the main plug with a dry cloth.
If dust settles between the prongs, the dust will collect moisture, and short circuit or fire
may occur.

• If the device will not be used for a long time, disconnect the power cord from the wall
outlet.
Fire may occur.

• Maintain the surrounding temperature and humidity in the following ranges during
transport and storage of the device.
Environmental conditions
Temperature: –10 to 55ºC (14 to 131ºF)
Humidity: 10 to 95% (non-condensing)
Atmospheric pressure: 700 to 1060 hPa
A place with low dust
A place not exposed to water
A place not exposed to direct sunlight

• When transporting, set the mode to Packing mode and pack the main body in the
original packing material with the fixing lever unlocked.
Excessive vibration or impact may cause device malfunction.
For packing mode setting, see “{ Shutoff before transporting the device” (page 35).

IX


Maintenance

CAUTION • The manager of this device must perform maintenance every 6 months.
For details of the maintenance, contact NIDEK or your distributor.
When the maintenance cannot be performed oneself, entrust them to NIDEK or your
distributor.

• Only service technicians properly trained by NIDEK can repair the device.
NIDEK is not responsible for any accidents resulted from improper servicing.

• When performing maintenance work, secure sufficient maintenance space.


Maintenance work in an insufficient space may result in injury.

• Before performing maintenance, wipe the surface of the device properly for
disinfection.

• Be sure to use only the printer paper (80620-00001) specified by NIDEK.


WIthout the printer paper, proper printing may not be achieved.

• When the device is sent back to NIDEK for repair or maintenance, wipe the surfaces
(especially, the area where patients contact) of the device with a clean cloth
dampened with ethyl alcohol for disinfection.

• Contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor to check whether the device needs
measurement accuracy calibration if the AR-measured results are substantially
different from subjectively measured results.

• Do not use the device beyond its service life.


Even with proper maintenance and check, after time, the device reliability or safety may
begin to fail to achieve the target values.

Disposal

CAUTION • Follow local governing ordinances and recycling plans regarding disposal or
recycling of device components. Especially when disposing of the lithium ion battery,
circuit board, plastic parts that contain brominated flame retardant, LCD, or power
cord, be sure to follow the local governing ordinances.
Follow the local governing ordinances and recycling plans when disposing of the circuit
board with the lithium battery. Inappropriate disposal may contaminate the environment.

• When disposing of packing materials, sort them by material and follow local
ordinances and recycling regulations.
Inappropriate disposal may contaminate the environment.

X
Table of Contents

1. BEFORE USE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1 Outline of the Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
1.2 Intended Use. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
1.3 Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
1.4 Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
1.5 Measurement Screen Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
1.6 Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
1.7 Checking Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
1.8 Before First Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

2. OPERATING PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.1 Operation Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
2.2 Preparation for Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
2.2.1 Checking the measuring window cleanliness at device start-up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
2.2.2 Switching to manual mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
2.2.3 Sleep mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
2.2.4 Finishing the measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements:
AR/KM Measurement Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
2.3.1 Cataract measurement mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
2.3.2 Measurement ring image display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
2.3.3 KM peripheral measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
2.4 AR (refractive error) Measurement: AR Measurement Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
2.5 KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurement:
KM Measurement Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
2.6 Vision Comparison Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
2.6.1 Importing LM Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
2.7 CS (Corneal Size) Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
2.8 PS (Pupil Size) Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
2.9 PD (Pupillary Distance) Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
2.9.1 Auto PD measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
2.9.2 Manual PD Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
2.10 Sagittal Radius Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
2.11 Measuring Hard Contact Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
2.12 Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
2.12.1 Printing measured data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
2.12.2 Eyeprint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72

XI
:

2.12.3 Printing parameter settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73


2.13 Parameter Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
2.13.1 Parameter tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
2.13.2 Setting and confirming the network communication function (LAN) . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
2.13.3 Setting the date and time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
2.13.4 Entering comments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

3. OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE


CONNECTED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
3.1 Connecting to the NIDEK Motorized Refractor (RT) or Computer . . . . . . . . . 99
3.1.1 Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
3.1.2 RS-232C connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
3.1.3 Network connection (LAN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
3.2 Connecting to the NIDEK Auto Lensmeter (LM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
3.2.1 Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
3.2.2 Connecting procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
3.2.3 Operating procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
3.3 Reading Patient ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
3.3.1 Connecting procedure of barcode scanner / magnetic card reader . . . . . . . . . . . 104
3.3.2 Operating procedure of barcode scanner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
3.3.3 Operating procedure of magnetic card reader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

4. MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
4.1 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
4.2 Error Messages and Countermeasures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
4.3 Replacing Printer Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
4.4 Fixing Chinrest Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
4.5 Checking the AR/KM Measurement Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
4.6 Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
4.6.1 Cleaning the measuring window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
4.6.2 Cleaning the printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
4.7 List of Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

5. SPECIFICATIONS AND ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . 121


5.1 Classifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
5.2 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
5.3 Standard Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
5.3.1 Standard accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

XII
:

5.3.2 Optional accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

6. EMC (ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY) . . . . . . 127

7. GLOSSARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131

8. INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

XIII
:

XIV
1. BEFORE USE

1.1 Outline of the Device


1

The NIDEK ARK-530A/ARK-510A is an auto ref/keratometer which contains both a refractometer and
keratometer in one unit. The refractometer objectively measures refractive errors of sphere, cylinder,
and axis for lenses that correct the patient’s vision into emmetropia. The keratometer measures the
corneal curvature radius (corneal refractive power), principal meridian direction and corneal cylindrical
power.
Refraction is mainly performed as a reference for lens prescription to correct the visual acuity using
glasses or contact lenses.
The corneal curvature radius measurement is mainly performed for the following purposes:
xLens prescription for correction of visual acuity using contact lenses or such.
xDetermination of the power of intraocular lenses to be implanted after cataract surgery.
xPostoperative follow-up of corneal shape
This device is a single unit with the main body mounted on a base. The base is provided with a chin-
rest on the patient side and an Eye Care card reader/writer that saves measured results on the opera-
tor side. The measuring unit is provided with an LCD panel, operating buttons, joystick, and printer to
facilitate alignment and other operations.
The device offers the following features in addition to the above features:
xThe ARK-530A is provided with an auto tracking mechanism that automatically achieves
alignment in the up-and-down, right-and-left directions and focusing.
xThe ARK-510A is provided with an auto tracking mechanism that achieves alignment in the
up-and-down direction.
x An auto shot function is provided; measurements to be taken automatically when the
device is best aligned and focused.
x A motorized up-and-down chinrest allows the operator to easily adjust the height of the
chinrest.
xAn IC card (Eye Care card) reader/writer is included as standard equipment to cordlessely
exchange data with other devices.
xA built-in RS-232C interface allows data export to computers and such.
xEthernet LAN support allows measured data and ring image data to be output to a com-
puter.
xA vision comparison function and measurement ring image display function are provided.

1.2 Intended Use

The Auto Ref/Keratometer ARK-530A/ARK-510A is a medical appliance which performs measure-


ment of the refractive errors of the eye, corneal radius of curvature.

1
BEFORE USEPrinciples

1.3 Principles

Fine measurement beams are projected on the fundus of the patient’s eye by a projecting optical sys-
tem and then computation is performed by capturing the reflected beams as a ring image to measure
the refractive errors (SPH, CYL, AXIS) of the patient’s eye. Calculation is also performed by capturing
the mire ring projected on the patient’s cornea as an image to measure the corneal curvature radius
(refractive power) and the principal meridian direction.

2
BEFORE USEConfiguration

1.4 Configuration

{ Front view
1

Function buttons

LCD

Memory indicator

Start button
Locking lever

Joystick

Power switch

Eye Care card slot

Cover open button


Printer cover

Function buttons
Set the device and switch the screen.
Functions assigned to the function buttons are displayed by icons on the screen.
Two buttons on the left of the screen have unique functions when the measurement screen is displayed.

• Clear button ( )
Erases the measured data.
When the clear button is held for about a second, all the measured data is erased.

3
BEFORE USEConfiguration

• Print button ( )
Pressing this button when the memory indicator is lit, prints out the measured data.
Pressing the button when the memory indicator is not lit, advances printer paper.

LCD
5.7-inch LCD. Pulling the bottom of the display panel provides an
adjustable viewing angle.
For measurement in a standing posture, set the panel at a suitable
angle. The panel is reset to its original position by magnet.

Memory indicator
Indicates that measured data is being saved in memory.

ON Being saved
OFF Not being saved
Blink Sleep mode

Start button
When the start button is pressed, measurement is taken regardless
of the alignment or focusing condition of the device.

Joystick
Used for alignment and focusing.
Alignment in the side-to-side direction can be performed by moving the joystick to the right and left. Rotating the
joystick is for alignment in the up-and-down direction. For focusing, move the joystick forward and backward.

Eye Care card slot


An Eye Care card is inserted here.
AR measured values (S, C, A) of both eyes, KM measured values and PD value can be saved to the card. LM data
used for the vision comparison function can also be read from the Eye Care card.

Eye Care card is inserted before measurement. Data is saved to the card upon printing.
Data is saved to the Eye Care card when the card
Eye Care card is inserted after measurement.
is inserted.

Locking lever
Secures the main body to the base.
To lock the main body, press the locking lever down.

Power switch
Turns on the power to the device.

Printer cover
Protects a printer equipped with an auto cutter. Open the printer cover for replacing printer paper by pressing
the cover open button.

Cover open button


Opens the printer cover.

4
BEFORE USEConfiguration

{ Rear view

Forehead rest

Eye level marker


1

Measuring window

Chinrest up/down button

Chinrest

PD window

Forehead rest
During measurement, the patient’s forehead should be gently rest against the forehead rest.
Clean the chinrest for each patient.

Measuring window
Check the window cleanliness before measurement.

Chinrest
Clean the chinrest for each patient.

Eye level marker


Used as a guide for the patient’s eye level during measurement.
The height of the chinrest should be adjusted so that the center level of the patient’s eye roughly aligns with this
line.

Chinrest up/down button ( , )


Moves up or down the chinrest.

PD window
An LED is provided to detect the PD value.

• Parts that come into contact with the patient during measurement are composed of the
following materials.
Forehead rest: Elastomer
Chinrest: ABS resin

5
BEFORE USEConfiguration

{ Underside view

Power inlet

LAN port RS-232C ports USB-A port

CAUTION • Accessory equipment connected to the analog and digital interfaces must be certified
according to the representative appropriate national standards (for example, UL 1950
for Data Processing Equipment, UL 60601-1 for Medical Equipment, and CSA C22.2
No. 601-1, EN 60601-1, and IEC 60601-1.) Furthermore, all configurations shall comply
with the system standard IEC 60601-1. Anyone who connects additional equipment to
the signal input part or signal output part configures a medical system, and is
therefore responsible that the system complies with the requirements of the system
standard IEC 60601-1. If in doubt, consult the technical service department or your
local representative.

Power inlet
A detachable power cord is connected here.

LAN port
By connecting a LAN cable, the measured data can be exported to an external computer with a LAN
connection.
NIDEK service personnel sets the LAN connection with permission from the network administrator of the facility.
When connecting a cable, be sure to turn off the power of each device.

6
BEFORE USEConfiguration

RS-232C ports
A communication cable is connected here to send/receive measured data to/ from a diagnostic device or such.
Connectable devices
RT-1200 series, RT-2100 series, RT-5100
LM-500, LM-970, LM-990/990A, LM-1000/1000P, LM-1200
1
To export the measured data to the refractor (RT), an external computer or such,
(OUT)
connect a communication cable to this side.
To import the measured data to from a NIDEK lensmeter, connect a communication
(IN)
cable to a lensmeter.

Connecting the lensmeter to the side and the RT-2100/RT-5100 to the side allows data transmission to
the connected refractor via the ARK-530A/ARK-510A.

USB-A port
The optional barcode scanner or magnetic card reader is connected here.
Do not connect any equipment other than the barcode scanner or magnetic card reader.

7
BEFORE USEMeasurement Screen Layout

1.5 Measurement Screen Layout

The screen for AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) measurements is comprised of
pages 1 to 3.
Each page differs only in the touch icons displayed to the right of the screen.

<When Page 1 is displayed>

Auto tracking icon

Auto shot icon


Patient’s eye CYL mode

R/K button CS/PS/PD button

Target
Focusing indicator
Auto button
Manual mode button

Minimum pupil circle


Ring image enlarge-
ment button

Mire ring
Measured values
Page button

Patient’s eye
Indicates the right or left eye of the patient.

R/K button ( )
Selects a measurement mode in R/K measurement.
Select from AR/KM measurement mode, AR measurement mode or KM measurement mode. The selected
measurement mode is displayed on the screen.
The measurement mode switches in the following order: AR/KM measurement mode (successive AR and KM
measurements) o AR measurement mode (AR measurement)o KM measurement mode (KM measurement)o
AR/KM measurement mode......

Target
Used as a guide to locate the patient’s eye in the center of the screen. Align the mire ring projected on the
patient’s eye with the target.

Auto button ( )
Selects the auto tracking function and auto shot function.
For the ARK-530A, select 3D, 2D or OFF for auto tracking. Select auto ON or OFF for auto shot.
For the ARK-510A, select (UpDown) or OFF for auto tracking. Select ON or OFF for auto shot.

8
BEFORE USEMeasurement Screen Layout

Minimum pupil circle


Indicates the minimum pupil size measurable.
If the pupil is smaller than this circle or eyelashes are on this circle, measurement may not be possible.

Measured values
Displays the latest measured results. 1
Numeric values displayed to the right of “R: ”, “K: ”, “P: ” are the respective measurement count.
The numeric value in parentheses displayed to the right of “R: ” is a confidence index.
* The confidence index is not displayed when the 43. CONF. INDEX parameter is set to NO.
Only a measurement count is displayed for P (KM peripheral measurement). Check the printed measured results
for details.
* “P: ” is not displayed when the 15. PERIPHERAL parameter is set to NO.

Auto tracking icon


Indicates the setting of the auto tracking function (alignment in the up, down, left, right, forward and
backward directions and focusing in the forward and backward direction).
The ARK-530A displays 3D, 2D or Manual (No icon).
Auto tracking in the forward-and-backward, side-to-side and up-and-down directions is
turned on.
Auto tracking in the side-to-side and up-and-down directions is turned on.
(No icon) Manually align the device and bring the eye into focus.

The ARK-510A displays (UpDown) or Manual (No icon).

Auto-tracking in the up-and-down direction is turned on.


(No icon) Manually align the device and bring the eye into focus.

Auto shot icon


Indicates the setting of the auto shot function.

Measurement starts automatically when the eye is best aligned and focused.
(No icon) Press the start button to start measurement.

CYL mode
Indicates the selected cylinder mode.

CS/PS/PD button ( )
Switches from AR/KM measurement to CS/PS/PD measurement.
Pressing this button switches the measurement mode in the following order: CS measurementoPS
measuremento Manual PD measuremento CS measurement......
To return to AR/KM measurement from CS/PS/PD measurement, press the exit button .

Focusing indicator
Indicates the distance between the main body and the patient’s eye.
Operate the joystick until you can obtain the proper focus ( ).
* When the 69. MAN FOCUS DISP parameter is set to NO, the focusing indicator is not displayed in manual mode
(auto tracking OFF + auto shot OFF).

9
BEFORE USEMeasurement Screen Layout

Manual mode button ( )


Turns off both the auto tracking and auto shot functions (manual mode).
The auto tracking icon and auto shot icon become blank ( ), indicating that these functions are turned off.
Pressing the manual mode button returns to the state before the manual mode button was pressed.
See “2.2.2 Switching to manual mode” (page 33) for details on manual mode.

Ring image enlargement button ( )


Switches to the ring image full screen by pressing this button
when the thumbnail of the measurement ring is displayed after
AR measurement.
See “2.3.2 Measurement ring image display” (page 46) for details.

Thumbnail
Mire ring
Used as an alignment reference ring.
For the ARK-530A, when the auto shot function is on (3D or 2D), bring the mire ring close to the target so that the
device automatically starts alignment.
For the ARK-510A, when the auto tracking function is on ( ), bring the mire ring close to the target so that the
device automatically starts alignment in the up-and-down direction.
When the auto tracking function is off, bring the patient’s eye into focus so that the mire ring is placed within the
target.
If the eyelid or eyelashes are on this ring, KM measurement may not be possible.

Page button ( , , )
Switches the measurement screen among Page 1, Page 2 and Page 3.
Pressing the button switches the page in the following order: Page 1o Page 2o Page 3o Page 1o ......
The displayed icons vary according to the selected page.

10
BEFORE USEMeasurement Screen Layout

<When Page 2 is displayed>


* CS, PS, and PD data, ID, Eye Care card and CAT measurement mode icons are displayed on
each page.

Eye Care card icon ID icon


1
CAT measurement mode
icon CYL mode button

PS (Pupil Size) indication

CS (Corneal Size) indication SAG button

Eyeprint button

PD (Pupillary Distance) indication

CAT measurement mode icon ( )


Indicates that the eye has been measured in cataract measurement mode.
If cataract or abnormal eyes cannot be measured, cataract measurement mode is automatically turned on.
See “2.3.1 Cataract measurement mode” (page 45) for details on cataract measurement mode.

PS (Pupil Size) indication


Displayed when PS (Pupil Size) is measured. (0.1 mm increments)

CS (Corneal Size) indication


Displayed when CS (Corneal Size) is measured. (0.1 mm increments)

Eye Care card icon ( )


Displayed when an Eye Care card is inserted.

Solid yellow display Accessing Eye Care card.


Solid green display Blank Eye Care card inserted.
Blinking green display Eye Care card with data inserted.
Accessing Eye Care card failed.
Blinking yellow display
Card may be damaged.

11
BEFORE USEMeasurement Screen Layout

ID icon ( )
Displayed when the patient ID is entered.
Entering a patient ID without an Eye Care card inserted replaces
the ID icon with the ID number icon.
Enter the patient ID using the optional barcode scanner or
magnetic card reader.

CYL mode button ( )


Switches cylinder mode, the reading direction of cylinder data in which CYL data is represented.

CYL- Indicates the cylindrical power by - reading.


CYL+ Indicates the cylindrical power by + reading.
Cylinder data is indicated by + reading when the refractive error is positive for any axis
CYL± angle.
Indicates the cylindrical power by - reading in other cases.

Cylinder mode can be switched even after measurement.


Data is printed out with the mode status at the time of printing.

SAG button ( )
Starts sagittal radius measurement.
See “2.10 Sagittal Radius Measurement” (page 64) for details on sagittal radius measurement.

Eyeprint button ( )
Prints the eyeprint view of measured data.
The eyeprint is printed out regardless of its parameter setting.
See “2.12.2 Eyeprint” (page 72) for details on the eyeprint.

PD (Pupillary Distance) indication


Displayed when PD (Pupillary Distance) is measured (increments: 1 mm).

12
BEFORE USEMeasurement Screen Layout

<When Page 3 is displayed>

1
Vision comparison button

Parameter button

Vision comparison button ( )


Switches the current vision (uncorrected eye or that corrected by LM data) and the vision corrected by AR
measurement.
See “2.6 Vision Comparison Function” (page 53) for details on the comparison function mode.

Parameter button ( )
Switches the screen to the PARAMETER SETTING screen. Holding the button for about a second switches
the screen to the PARAMETER SETTING screen.
The PARAMETER SETTING screen is used to set parameters, date and time, and enter comments.

13
BEFORE USELabels

1.6 Labels

Cautionary labels are provided on the device.


If labels are curling up or characters fading and becoming barely legible, contact NIDEK or your autho-
rized distributor.

Indicates that the degree of protection against electric shock is of a Type B Applied Part.
*The applied parts are the chinrest and the forehead rest (see and in “1.4 Configuration” (page 3)).
Indicates that the state of the power switch. When the symbol side of the switch is
pressed down, power is not supplied to the device.
Indicates that the state of the power switch. When the symbol side of the switch is
pressed down, power is supplied to the device.
Indicates that the device must be supplied only with alternating current.

Indicates the input part.

Indicates the output part.

Indicates the date of manufacture.

Indicates the manufacturer.

Indicates that this product shall be disposed of in a separate collection of electrical and
electronic equipment in EU.

For countries other than the U.S.A. and Canada

Indicates that the operator must refer to the related instructions in the operator’s
manual prior to operation.

For the U.S.A. and Canada

Indicates that caution must be taken. Refer to the operator’s manual before use.

14
BEFORE USELabels

{ For countries other than the U.S.A. and Canada

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See “Before use” (page II) and “1.8 Before First Use” (page 18).

[Underside view]

See “Before use” (page II), “ During use” (page V), and “3 OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DE-
VICES ARE CONNECTED” (page 99).

CE marking
Indicates that the product conforms fully to the requirements of the Medical Device
Directive (93/42/EEC).
The ARK-530A/ARK-510A is classified as a Class IIa according to the Medical
Device Directive.

15
BEFORE USELabels

{ For the U.S.A. and Canada

30702-M803-C 30701-M803-C

For the U.S.A.

㧭 㧾㧷㧡㧟㧜㧭
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+0276 8㨪*\8# +0276 8㨪*\8#
5'401 0000 :::: 5'401 0000 ::::

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For Canada

See “Before use” (page II) and “1.8 Before First Use” (page 18).

[Underside view]

USB-A
RS232C
LAN
See “Before use” (page II) and “1.8
Before First Use” (page 18). See “Before use” (page II), “ During use” (page V), and “3 OPERATION
WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTED” (page 99).

Indicates that the product is certified for both the U.S.A. and the Canadian market,
to the applicable U.S.A. and Canadian standards.

16
BEFORE USEChecking Contents

1.7 Checking Contents

Unpack the contents from the shipping carton and check them.
The following are included in the standard configuration.
1
• Main body
• Printer paper (3 rolls)
• Power cord
• Dust cover
• Pack of chinrest paper
• Fixing pins for chinrest paper (2 units)
• Operator’s manual (this book)
• Model eye for R/K measurement/Contact Lens (CL) holder (integral type)

17
BEFORE USEBefore First Use

1.8 Before First Use

Place the device on a stable table and connect a power cord to it.

1 Place the main body on a stable table.

2 Pull the main body fully to the side on which Power inlet
the device is laid down, lock the main body to
the base unit with the locking lever and lay the
device down gently.

3 Connect the power cord to the power inlet.

4 Connect peripheral devices if necessary.


See “3 OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTED” (page 99) for the
method of connecting peripheral devices.

5 Stand the device upright.

6 Confirm that the power switch is turned OFF


( ) and plug the power cord into a wall out-
let.

Power switch

WARNING • Connect the power plug to a ground outlet. Or connect a grounding wire to a ground
terminal.
Electric shock or fire may occur in the event of device malfunction or power leakage.

18
BEFORE USEBefore First Use

7 Turn ON ( ) the power switch.


The initial screen is displayed on the LCD and the device starts initializing.

Initial screen (ARK-530A) Initial screen (ARK-510A)

8 Confirm that the measurement screen is displayed.

Measurement screen (ARK-530A) Measurement screen (ARK-510A)

• When the device is used for the first time, “NO PAPER” appears indicating that no paper is
loaded.

9 Set the printer paper.


See “4.3 Replacing Printer Paper” (page 113) for details on the setting method.

This completes setup procedure.

• Set the parameters as necessary or desired.


See “2.13 Parameter Settings” (page 74) for the parameters and their setting methods.
• See “3 OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTED” (page 99) for the
method of connecting peripheral devices.

19
BEFORE USEBefore First Use

{ Please see here when you want to do like this.

When Refer to the following.


The details of the “MEASURING WINDOW CHECKING” “2.2.1 Checking the measuring window cleanliness at
message displayed at device start-up need to be known. device start-up” (page 32)
NOTE of “2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal
Auto tracking or auto shot does not work depending on
curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM
the eye being measured.
Measurement Mode” (page 36)
NOTE of 2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal
Measurements result in errors. curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM
Measurement Mode on page 40
Measuring monocular PD “2.9.2 Manual PD Measurement” (page 62)
The CAT measurement mode icon displayed on the
“2.3.1 Cataract measurement mode” (page 45)
screen during measurement needs to be known.
Changing contents to be printed “2.12.1 Printing measured data” (page 69)
Setting date and time to be printed “2.13.3 Setting the date and time” (page 95)
Printing shop name “2.13.4 Entering comments” (page 97)
Printing eye print only “2.12.2 Eyeprint” (page 72)
Transferring data by connecting AOS series or COS “3.1 Connecting to the NIDEK Motorized Refractor
series (RT) or Computer” (page 99)
Connecting lensmeter and print data with ARK-530A/ “3.2 Connecting to the NIDEK Auto Lensmeter (LM)”
ARK-510A (page 102)
“3.3.1 Connecting procedure of barcode scanner /
Reading patient ID from barcode or magnetic card
magnetic card reader” (page 104)
Resetting all parameters to their defaults “{ Resetting parameters” (page 76)

{ Setting by parameter
Setting parameters allows various functions of the device. See “2.13 Parameter Settings” (page 74)
for details.

Setting contents Parameters


Sets the display step of SPH CYL, and AXIS data 1. STEP, 3. AXIS STEP
Sets the way of fogging in successive AR measurements 4. MEAS MODE
Activates AI mode 5. AI MODE
Sets the count of successive AR measurements 6. AR CONTINUE
Sets whether to display the measurement ring thumbnail 7. AR THUMBNAIL
Sets the display unit of KM measurement (mm/D) 11. KM UNIT
Sets the display format of KM measurement (R1,R2/ AVE,CYL) 12. KM DISPLAY
Sets the corneal refractive index used for KM measurement 13. REF. INDEX
Sets the count of successive KM measurement 14. KM CONTINUE
Sets whether to perform KM peripheral measurement 15. PERIPHERAL

20
BEFORE USEBefore First Use

Setting contents Parameters


Sets how to start the vision comparison function 21. COMPARE SW
Sets how to add ADD power, ADD power value in vision
23. ADD SW, 24. ADD SELECT
comparison function
Sets the operation method of printing 31. PRINT 1
Enables printing with narrow line-spacing 32. ECONO. PRINT
Sets whether to erase measured data in memory just after
33. PRINT&CLEAR
printing
Sets the density of printing text 34. PRINT DENCITY
Sets the contents of printing 35. PATIENT NO. to 55. NEAR PD PRINT
Sets the working distance for Near PD calculation 56. WORKING D.
Sets whether to automatically check measuring window
61. WINDOW CHECK
cleanliness.
Sets the contents that change by pressing auto button 62. TRACKING SW
Sets whether PD is automatically measured or not 63. AUTO PD
Sets the time after which sleep mode is activated 64. SLEEP
Sets the volume of beeping 65. BEEP
Sets the LCD brightness 66. LCD BRIGHTNESS
Sets whether to display touch icons on measurement screen 67. ICON OFF
Selects between high screen quality and high display speed 68. ALIGN QUALITY
Sets whether to display the focusing indicator when focusing
69. MAN FOCUS DISP
manually
101. READER START to 102. READER
Sets the patient ID read from the magnetic card reader
LENGTH
Sets the LAN communication function 111. NETWORK to 120. IMAGE SEND

21
BEFORE USEBefore First Use

22
2. OPERATING PROCEDURE

2.1 Operation Flow

Turning on the device


2
2.2 Preparation for Measurement (see page 24)
Turn on the power switch and set measurement conditions.
Insert the Eye Care card.*1

Prepare the patient.

Measurement
2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM Mea-
surement Mode (see page 36)
2.3.1 Cataract measurement mode (see page 45)

2.3.2 Measurement ring image display (see page 46)


2.4 AR (refractive error) Measurement: AR Measurement Mode (see page 48)
2.5 KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurement: KM Measurement Mode (see page 50)
2.6 Vision Comparison Function (see page 53)
2.7 CS (Corneal Size) Measurement (see page 58)
2.8 PS (Pupil Size) Measurement (see page 60)
2.9 PD (Pupillary Distance) Measurement (see page 62)
2.10 Sagittal Radius Measurement (see page 64)

Printout
2.12 Printing (see page 69)
For transferring data to connected devices:
3 OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTED (see page 99)
Remove the Eye Care card.

Turning off the device


2.2.4 Finishing the measurement (see page 34)

* For lens prescription for correction of visual acuity using glasses or such, subjectively test the
patient’s visual acuity with reference to AR-measured data.

*1. An Eye Care card can be inserted either before or after measurement.

23
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

2.2 Preparation for Measurement

1 Turn the power switch on ( ).

Power switch

The title screen is displayed and the device is initialized.

Initial screen (ARK-530A) Initial screen (ARK-510A)


Wait for a while until the screen switches to the measurement screen.
When the power to the ARK-530A is turned on, the main body makes small back-and forth,
side-to-side movements in order to determine the initial setting position for auto tracking.
This does not mean that the device has been broken.

• When the WINDOW CHECK parameter is


set to ON, the MEASURING WINDOW
CHECKING screen is displayed before the
measurement screen is displayed.
See “2.2.1 Checking the measuring window
cleanliness at device start-up” (page 32) for
details.

MEASURING WINDOW CHECKING screen

24
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

2 The measurement screen is displayed.

2
Measurement screen (ARK-530A) Measurement screen (ARK-510A)

• If the power is turned on with no paper loaded, the error message “NO PAPER” appears.
Supply printer paper.

3 Perform checks before use.


Perform the following checks before use.
† No error message appears.

† The measuring window is clean.


† The main body moves smoothly using the joystick.

† The chinrest moves up and down by pressing the chinrest up/down button.

† Printer supply is adequate.

† The AR/KM measurement accuracy satisfies the specifications.

See “4.5 Checking the AR/KM Measurement Accuracy” (page 116) for details.
Follow “4.1 Troubleshooting” (page 107) if abnormal conditions are encountered.

4 Establish the measurement conditions.


The following conditions should be specified:

1 : Measurement mode
Press the R/K button to select.

Measurement mode Description


AR/KM measurement AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) measurements are
mode successively taken.
AR measurement
Only AR (refractive error) measurement is taken.
mode
KM measurement
Only KM (corneal curvature radius) measurement is taken.
mode

When the power is turned on, a mode in which the power was turned off is established.
The measurement items corresponding to the selected measurement mode are displayed
on the screen.

25
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

AR/KM measurement mode AR measurement mode KM measurement mode


Pressing the button switches the measurement mode in the following order: AR/KMo ARo
KMo AR/KMo......

2 : Auto tracking function and auto shot function


Specify the alignment (up-and-down and side-to-side directions) and focusing (forward-and-back-
ward direction) methods and the method of triggering measurements.

Press the auto button to select the auto tracking and/or auto shot function.
ARK-530A
Screen
Auto tracking Auto shot Description
display
Auto tracking in the forward-and-backward, side-to-side and
up-and-down directions is turned on.
ON
Measurement starts automatically when the eye is best aligned
3D and focused.
Auto tracking in the forward-and-backward, side-to-side and
OFF up-and-down directions is turned on.
Press the start button to start measurement.
Auto tracking in the side-to-side and up-and-down directions is
ON turned on.
Measurement starts automatically when the eye is focused.
2D Auto tracking in the side-to-side and up-and-down directions is
turned on.
OFF
Bring the eye into focus and press the start button to start
measurement.
Manually align the device and bring the eye into focus.
ON Measurement starts automatically when the eye is best aligned
OFF and focused.
Manually align the device and bring the eye into focus.
OFF (No icon)
Press the start button to start measurement.

ARK-510A
Screen
Auto tracking Auto shot display Description
Auto tracking in the up-and-down direction is turned on.
ON Manually align the device in the side-to-side direction.
Measurement starts automatically when the eye is focused.
Up-and-
Auto tracking in the up-and-down direction is turned on.
down
Manually align the device in the side-to-side direction.
OFF
Bring the eye into focus and press the start button to start
measurement.

26
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

Manually align the device and bring the eye into focus.
ON Measurement starts automatically when the eye is best aligned
OFF and focused.
Manually align the device and bring the eye into focus.
OFF (No icon)
Press the start button to start measurement.

• The functions assigned to the auto button varies according to the 62. TRACKING
SW parameter setting.
See “2.13 Parameter Settings” (page 74) for the setting procedure.

3 : Parameter-set measurement conditions:


2
The ARK-530A/ARK-510A is equipped with a function to change parameters of various device con-
ditions according to the operator’s needs.
See “2.13 Parameter Settings” (page 74) for details.

4 : CYL mode
Cylinder mode, the reading direction of cylinder data in which CYL data (cylindrical power) is repre-
sented during the measurement is selected by pressing the CYL mode button .

Screen
CYL mode Description
display
CYL- - reading Indicates the cylindrical power by + reading.
CYL+ + reading Indicates the cylindrical power by - reading.
Indicates the cylindrical power by + reading when the refractive
CYL± Mix reading error is positive for any axis angle.
Indicates the cylindrical power by - reading in other cases.

• Cylinder mode can be changed even after measurement.


• All saved data is printed out along with the mode status.
• These settings are retained even after shutdown of the device; Change these
measurement conditions only if necessary.

5 To save the measured data to an Eye Care card,


insert the card into the slot.
Insert the Eye Care card as far as it will go with
the symbol (T) facing toward the device.

Eye Care card

27
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

Confirm that the Eye Care card is properly inserted referring to the Eye Care card indication
on the screen.

Solid yellow display Accessing Eye Care card.


Solid green display Blank Eye Care card inserted.
Blinking green display Eye Care card with data inserted.
Accessing Eye Care card failed.
Blinking yellow display
Card may be damaged.

Data is saved to the Eye Care card at the following timing.


Eye Care card is inserted before
Saved upon printing.
measurement.
Eye Care card is inserted after
Saved when the card is inserted.
measurement.

• When printing is performed with an Eye Care card that saves data inserted, the AR data is
overwritten and saved.
• An Eye Care card is an option purchased separately.
• To perform comparison of the vision using LM data with the recall function in subjective
measurement, insert an Eye Care card with the LM data measured by a lensmeter.
• When an Eye Care card containing LM data is inserted into the Eye Care card slot with the
76. LM DATA PRINT parameter set to YES, the data is automatically printed.
• Both AR-measured and LM-measured data of one patient can be written to one Eye Care
card. Either set of data may be written first. The data must be from the same patient.

6 Prepare the patient.


1) Enter the patient ID using the barcode scanner or magnetic card reader if necessary.*1
The optional barcode scanner or magnetic card reader is required.

See “3.3 Reading Patient ID” (page 104) for the method of entering patient ID.

2) Wipe the forehead rest and chinrest that con-


tact the patient with clean absorbent cotton or Forehead rest
gauze dampened with rubbing alcohol.
If a stack of chinrest paper is fixed on the chinrest,
remove one sheet of paper.

Chinrest

• To reassure the patient, before measurement, explain as follows.


“This device measures your eye with infrared ray to find which kind of lens fits you. The infrared ray does
no harm to your eyes.”

*1. Patient ID may be read at any time prior to printing.

28
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

3) Instruct the patient to take off glasses or con-


tact lenses and sit on a chair.

4) Have the patient place his/her chin on the chinrest as deeply as possible, and his/her
forehead on the forehead rest lightly.
5) Adjust the height of the chinrest by the chin- Eye level marker
rest up/down button ( , ) until the cen-
ter level of the patient’s eye aligns with the
eye level marker.
Before adjusting the height of the chinrest, let the
patient know that the chinrest moves up and down.

When moving the chinrest up or down, check the


patient condition directly.

If a large deviation with the eye level marker is


found, release the chin from the chinrest and then
move the chinrest up or down.

When the chinrest is at the upper (or lower)


mechanical limit, the upper limit indicator (or
lower limit indicator ) is displayed on the
screen.

Limit indicator

• When the ARK-530A/ARK-510A displays a thumbnail, the limit indicator ( , ) is


covered and cannot be seen.

29
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

7 Start measurement.
For details of each measurement, see:
“2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM Measurement
Mode” (page 36)
“2.4 AR (refractive error) Measurement: AR Measurement Mode” (page 48)

“2.5 KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurement: KM Measurement Mode” (page 50)

• Instruct the patient not to blink during measurement. Additionally, instruct the patient not to
blink and open his/her eyes immediately before measurement to avoid measurement
failure.
• Instruct the patient to open both eyes wide during measurement.
Closing one eye may cause an unstable fixation and the other eye will not open wide.

8 Print the measured results.


Printing operation varies according to the 31. PRINT parameter setting.

31. PRINT parameter Printing method


AUTO Printing starts automatically at the completion of measurement.

MANUAL Press the print button to print the measured data out.

NO Printing does not occur.

See “2.12 Printing” (page 69) for the details on printing.


If an Eye Care card is inserted, data is saved on the card at the same time.

• Even when the 31. PRINT parameter is set to NO, data is saved on the Eye Care card and
exported to external connected devices.

9 Remove the Eye Care card.


After printing, data in the ARK-530A/ARK-510A
is automatically erased when the next measure-
ment begins.

Eye Care card

30
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

CAUTION • Be careful of the following in handling the Eye Care card so that malfunction does not
occur.
Be sure not to eject the Eye Care card while it is being accessed (yellow solid display
).
Never bend or damage the card.
Never soil nor let the water in the IC terminal area (gold part) of the card.
Keep the card away from high temperature environments or static electricity.
Do not press on the card too firmly with objects such as a pen when inscribing.

2
10 To measure the next patient, repeat from Step 5.
See “2.2.4 Finishing the measurement” (page 34) for details on finishing measurements.

31
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

2.2.1 Checking the measuring window cleanliness at device start-up


It is possible to set the parameter whether or not to check the measuring window for soiling
before measurement.
Activation of window check at device start-up varies according to the parameter setting.
Parameter Description
Selection of automatic window check as to whether or not the
61. WINDOW CHECK
measuring window is clean can be made from YES, NO or DAY.

See “2.13 Parameter Settings” (page 74) for details.


An unclean measuring window has considerable effect on the measured results. This check-
ing function should be used for measurement under clean conditions in addition to visual
inspection.

• For checking the measuring window, be sure that the front is not blocked by objects or
exposed to interference light.
Even if the window is not smudged, it may be determined that it is smudged due to objects or interference
light.
• At device start-up, do not stand or put objects in front of the measuring window.
If something is present in front of the measuring window within 1 m, the measuring window may not be
properly checked for soiling.
• All the checks are performed automatically.

1) “MEASURING WINDOW CHECKING” is dis-


played and the measuring window is checked
for soiling.
Wait until a message appears.

2) A message appears.
• When “WINDOW CHECK OK!” appears:

The measuring window is clean.


• When “CHECK MEASURING WINDOW” appears:

At the completion of the check, “CHECK MEA-


SURING WINDOW” is printed out.
Check that the measuring window is clean. If not,
clean it.

3) At the completion of the check, the screen


returns to the measurement screen.

• See “4.6 Cleaning” (page 118) for the method of cleaning the measuring window.

32
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

2.2.2 Switching to manual mode


It is possible to turn off both the auto tracking and auto shot functions (manual mode) by pressing the
manual mode button during measurement.
The manual mode button is used to turn off the auto tracking function according to the patient’s eye
after starting measurement with the auto tracking function on. (The manual mode button functions
even when only the auto shot function is turned on.)
Allowing the operator to turn off both the auto tracking and auto shot functions with a single button.
It saves the operator the trouble of pressing the auto button repeatedly.
2
• For eyes with a small pupil and with the corneal vertex shifted from the pupil center, if the
auto tracking function is turned on and the pupil overlaps the minimum pupil circle, the eye
may not be measured.
To measure such eyes, turn off the auto tracking function and align the minimum pupil circle with the
pupil.

1 Press the manual mode button during mea-


surement.
The auto tracking icon and auto shot icon
become blank ( ), indicating that these
functions are turned off.

2 Manually align the main body to the eye and bring the eye into focus.

3 Press the start button to start measurement.

One of the following operations returns to the state before the manual mode button was pressed.
• Pressing the manual mode button again.
• Pressing the clear button .
• Pressing the print button .

33
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

2.2.3 Sleep mode


The device goes into sleep mode automatically to save power if no button have been pressed for a
certain period of time.
The time that the device goes into sleep mode can be selected from 5 minutes, 10 minutes,
15 minutes, or NO (no sleep mode) (factory setting: 5 minutes).

Sleep mode places the device into the following condi-


tions:
• The LCD goes off.
• The memory indicator blinks.

The device recovers to normal mode from sleep mode by


the following methods:
• Press any button.
• Manipulate the joystick to move the base R or L. Memory indicator

• Depending on the status of the LCD, the device may not go into sleep mode.
When the PARAMETER SETTING screen is displayed, the device does not go into sleep mode.

2.2.4 Finishing the measurement

1 To finish the measurement, turn off ( ) the power switch.


It is allowed to turn off the power with any screen displayed.

2 Check the measuring window and clean the lens if necessary.


See “4.6 Cleaning” (page 118).

3 Clean the forehead rest and chinrest, and put the supplied dust cover on the device.
Use clean gauze or absorbent cotton dampened with rubbing alcohol for cleaning.
Always keep them clean for the next use.

• Be sure to put the dust cover on whenever the device is not in use.

34
OPERATING PROCEDUREPreparation for Measurement

{ Shutoff before transporting the device


Before the device is transported, put the device in packing mode.
In packing mode, the measuring unit and chinrest are automatically set in preparation for transporta-
tion.

1 Turn the power switch off ( ) to shut off the device once.

2 Turn on the power switch ( ) while pressing the chinrest down button .
The device starts putting itself into packing mode. Wait for a while until a message is dis-
2
played on the screen.

3 When the “PACKING POSITION IS COM-


PLETED / SHUT DOWN PLEASE” message is
ǽ
displayed, turn the power switch off ( ).    ǽǽᵍᴾᵀᵈᵆᵋᵄǽᵊᵌᵁᵂ
Ensure that the chinrest and measuring unit are ǽ
at their lower mechanical limits. ǽᵍᴾᵀᵈᵆᵋᵄǽᵍᵌᵐᵆᵑᵆᵌᵋ
ǽǽǽᵆᵐǽᵀᵌᵊᵍᵉᵂᵑᵂᵁ
   ᵐᵅᵒᵑǽᵁᵌᵔᵋǽᵍᵉᵂᴾᵐᵂǽ
ǽ
ǽ

4 Pull the main body fully to the side on which the main body is laid down, fix the main
body with the locking lever and gently lay down the device.

5 Disconnect the power cord, interface cables etc.

6 Raise the device and flip up the locking lever to unlock the main body.
Pack the device with the original packing material.

35
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM Measurement Mode

2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius)


Measurements: AR/KM Measurement Mode

In AR/KM measurement mode, AR measurement and KM measurements are successively taken.


When AR/KM measurement mode is selected, refractive errors (S, C and A) and corneal curvature
radius (R1, R2) are displayed on the screen.

R: AR measurement count
S: Spherical power
C: Cylindrical power
A: Cylinder axis angle

K: KM measurement count
P: KM peripheral measurement count
R1: Corneal curvature radius and corneal cylinder axis
angle of flattest meridian
R2: Corneal curvature radius and corneal cylinder axis
angle of steepest meridian

• Whether or not to perform KM peripheral measurement (P) is set by the 15: PERIPHERAL
parameter.
The factory setting is NO (not measure).
• The screen does not display measurement values but displays a measurement count for
KM peripheral measurement. Check the printed result for measurement values.
• When the 12. KM DISPLAY parameter is set
to AVE, CYL, the indications on the
measurement screen are as shown to the
right.
AVE: Average of R1 and R2
CYL: Corneal cylindrical power & Corneal cylinder
axis angle

1 Instruct the patient to: “Look through the measur-


ing window. As you will see the picture of a bal-
loon, watch the center of it without straining”.

Scenery chart

36
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM

2 Manipulate the joystick to display the patient’s


eye on the screen.
By moving the joystick laterally, the main
body moves right, left, forward and backward.
By turning the upper part of the joystick, the
main body moves up and down.
Align the eye position to the measuring point
with right, left, up and down movements.
Adjust the focus with forward and backward
movements. 2

• If the mire ring is not in the center of the pupil and the minimum pupil circle is on the iris,
turn off the auto tracking function and bring the minimum pupil circle into the center of the
pupil to perform measurement, ignoring the mire ring.
• Auto tracking or auto shot may not work on keratoconus or postoperative cornea.
In such a case, turn off the auto tracking and auto shot functions.

3 Perform alignment and focusing. Focusing indicator


The methods of alignment and focusing vary
according to the 26. TRACKING SW parameter
setting.
* See “2.2 Preparation for Measurement” (page 24) for
details.
Perform alignment by placing the mire ring
reflected by the patient’s eye in the center of the
target.
Perform focusing according to the indication of
the focusing indicator displayed on the screen.

Mire ring Target

3D auto tracking (ARK-530A)

1) Perform rough alignment and focusing by


manipulating the joystick to place in the Up-and-down and side-to-side alignment: Auto
working range of auto tracking.
2) When the device is placed within the
working range of auto tracking, it automat-
ically starts alignment and focusing.

Focusing: Auto

37
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM Measurement Mode

2D auto tracking (ARK-530A)

1) Perform rough alignment and focusing by


manipulating the joystick to place in the Up-and-down and side-to-side alignment: Auto

working range of auto tracking.


2) When the device is placed within the
working range of auto tracking, it automat-
ically starts alignment.
3) As the focusing indicator is displayed,
Focusing: Manual
manipulate the joystick until the optimum
focusing indicator is displayed.

Up-and-down auto tracking (ARK-510A)

1) Perform rough alignment and focusing by


Up-and-down alignment: Auto
manipulating the joystick to place in the
Side-to-side alignment: Manual
working range of auto tracking.
2) When the device is placed within the
working range of auto tracking, it automat-
ically starts alignment in the up-and-down
direction.
3) Manipulate the joystick to move the mire
Focusing: Manual
ring reflected on the patient’s eye within
the target.
As the focusing indicator is displayed,
manipulate the joystick until the optimum focusing indicator is displayed.

Auto tracking OFF (ARK-530A/ARK-510A)

1) Manipulate the joystick to perform rough


alignment and focusing. Up-and-down and side-to-side alignment: Manual

2) Manipulate the joystick to move the mire


ring reflected on the patient’s eye within
the target.
3) As the focusing indicator is displayed,
manipulate the joystick until the optimum
Focusing: Manual
focusing indicator is displayed.
During the focusing, maintain alignment
between the device and the patient’s eye.

38
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM

• If eyelashes obstruct the minimum pupil circle, correct AR measurement may not be
possible. If the eyelid or eyelashes obstruct the mire ring, KM measurement may not be
possible.
In such cases, instruct the patient to open his/her eye wider.
If the patient cannot open wider, lift the patient’s lid, paying attention not to press against the eye-
ball.

When the main body is not within the working range of auto tracking:
As the limit indicator is displayed, manipulate the joystick or chinrest up/down button in the
direction of the arrows. 2
<Examples of the limit indicator>

The level of the patient’s eye is too high from The patient’s eye is too far to the left from the
the measuring unit. measuring unit.
Move the chinrest down to lower the level of Tilt the joystick to the right to move the measuring
the patient’s eye. unit to the right.

Move the chinrest up.

Move the chinrest down.

Tilt the joystick slightly to the right.


(ARK-530A)
Tilt the joystick slightly to the left.
(ARK-530A)

Focusing indicator displays:


If the main body is not within the working range of
auto tracking in the forward-and-backward direc-
tion, the limit indicator is displayed. (ARK-530A)
When they are displayed, manipulate the joystick
in the direction of the arrows.

Push the joystick backward.

Pull the joystick forward.

Move the joystick forward and backward until the


Limit indicator
focusing indicator shows the optimum condition.

39
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM Measurement Mode

Too close to the patient’s eye

Pull the joystick forward to move the main body away


from the patient’s eye.

Optimum condition

Push the joystick backward to move the main body to-


ward the patient’s eye.
Too far from the patient’s eye

• When the 69. MAN FOCUS DISP parameter is set to NO, the focusing indicator is not
displayed in manual mode (auto tracking OFF + auto shot OFF).

4 Measurement starts.
Measurements are taken automatically when the device is best aligned and focused on the
eye (when the auto shot function is turned on).
* When the auto shot function is turned off, press the start button to start measurement.

• The operator can start measurement by pressing the start button.


Press the start button to start measurement when measurement has difficulty starting for patient’s who
blink often.
• Instruct the patient not to blink during measurement.
• When an error or error data appears, the cause may be one of those described below. If
those signs appear again after repeating measurement, check the following:
a. Patient blinked during measurement.
b. The eyelid or eyelashes are on the minimum pupil circle during AR measurement.
c. The eyelid or eyelashes are on the mire ring during KM measurement.
d. The patient’s pupil is smaller than the minimum pupil circle.
Have the patient sit in a dark room for a while and wait until the pupil diameter becomes large
enough for measurement.
e. Retinal reflection is extremely low due to an optical disease such as a cataract.
f. There is some unusual reflection on the cornea during measurement.
g. There is an extreme distortion on cornea.

KM measurement starts.

A short beep sounds and KM-measured data and measurement count are displayed.

KM measurement completes.

Pre-AR measurement starts and the scenery chart is fogged.

AR measurement starts.

A short beep sounds and the AR measured data and measurement count are displayed.

40
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM

* The way of fogging in the second and subsequent measurements varies according to the 4. MEAS
MODE parameter setting.
Fogging stays on throughout the measurement series.
CON.
This mode is useful for children who do not fixate their eyes very long.
The patient’s view is fogged for each measurement even though the start
NOR. button is held down.
This mode is useful for patients who accommodate their eyes easily.

AR measurement completes.

• If the device gets out of alignment and focus during measurement, the measurement is
2
interrupted. If the measurement is retried, the measured results are added to the former
results and saved.
• To continue the measurement, press the start button again. “<<FINISH>>” disappears and
auto tracking starts for measurement. (except when the 21. COMPARE SW or 31. PRINT
parameter is set to AUTO).
• The device can save up to 10 measurements each for the right eye and left eye. If
measurements exceed 10, the data is erased in order from the oldest.

<AR measurement error messages>

Error message Details


Measurement is not possible due to blinking and slight
movement of the eye.
Instruct the patient not to blink or not to move the eye until
BLK measurement is completed.
(Blinking of the eye) After the eye stopped blinking and moving, perform
measurement again.
This error also may occur when reflected light from fundus is
low.
ALM Focusing is not proper.
(Alignment error) Perform focusing and measurement again.
+OVR
Spherical power is over the measurable limit of the + side.
(Positive SPH range over error)
-OVR
Spherical power is over the measurable limit of the - side.
(Negative SPH range over error)
COVR
Cylindrical power is over the measurable limit.
(CYL range over error)
Low-confidence data is obtained.
CONF
Measure the subject again.
(Measured data confidence index)
* When the 44. ERROR DATA parameter is set to NO
Low-confidence data is obtained.
S, C, A data displayed in yellow
Measure the subject again.
(Measured data confidence index)
* When the 44. ERROR DATA parameter is set to YES

41
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM Measurement Mode

<KM measurement error messages>

Error message Details


Measurement is not possible because of blinking and slight
movement of the eye.
BLK Instruct the patient not to blink or not to move the eye until
(Blinking of the eye) measurement is completed.
After the eye stopped blinking and moving, perform measurement
again.
ALM Focusing is not proper.
(Alignment error) Perform focusing and measurement again.
FAR Focusing is not proper.
(Focus error: Too far from the patient’s eye) Perform focusing and measurement again.
NEAR Focusing is not proper.
(Focus error: Too close to the patient’s eye) Perform focusing and measurement again.
+OVR The corneal curvature radius is too large and over the
Positive corneal curvature radius range over
error)
measurable limit.

-OVR The corneal curvature radius is too small and beyond the
(Negative corneal curvature radius range over
error)
measurable limit.

COVR
The cylindrical power is over the measurable limit.
(CYL range over error)
Peripheral measurement is not performed.
Measurement light for peripheral measurement is blocked by the
PERI
eyelid or eyelashes.
(Peripheral measurement error)
Instruct the patient to keep both eyes wide open and perform
measurement again.

42
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM

5 Measurement completes.
• When AI mode is YES:*1

When the specified number of KM measurements is performed, the measurement automatically


completes.*2
When the specified number of AR measurements is performed and the data is stable (no varia-
tions), the measurement automatically completes.*3
Indications on the screen after the measurement:
“<<FINISH>>” is displayed on the screen.
2

ARK-530A ARK-510A
When the specified number of KM measurements have not been obtained, “<<KM?>>” is displayed
on the screen.
When the specified number of KM peripheral measurements have not been obtained, “<<PERI?>>”
is displayed on the screen.

When the start button is pressed, KM measurement stars again. As soon as the specified number
of KM measurements is obtained, “<<FINISH>>” is displayed on the screen.

• When AI mode is NO:

When the specified number of KM measurements*2 is performed, the measurement automatically


completes.
When the specified number of AR measurements*3 is performed, the measurement automatically
completes.

Release the start button to finish AR measurement.


Indications on the screen after measurement:
When the specified number of KM measurements have not been obtained, “<<KM?>>” is displayed
on the screen.
When the specified number of KM peripheral measurements have not been obtained, “<<PERI?>>”
is displayed on the screen.
When the start button is pressed, the KM measurement stars again. As soon as the specified
number of KM measurements is obtained, “<<FINISH>>” is displayed on the screen.
* If three or more measurements are obtained, the median values are printed at the time of printing.

*1. In this mode, AR measurement automatically completes as soon as stable data is obtained by the specified number of mea-
surements.
*2. 3 through 10 times can be set by the 14. KM CONTINUE parameter. (Factory setting is 3 times.)
*3. 3 through 10 times can be set by the 6. AR CONTINUE parameter. (Factory setting is 3 times.)

43
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM Measurement Mode

A thumbnail of the measurement ring image is displayed when measurement is completed.


If necessary, check the full screen ring image.
See “2.3.2 Measurement ring image display” (page 46) for details on the ring image display.

6 Measure the other eye in the same manner.


When the other eye is set in front of the measur-
ing unit, the measuring unit returns to the origin
in the forward-and-backward and side-to-side
directions.

• Instruct the patient to close his/her eye before starting the next measurement.
Let the eye rest to avoid measurement failure by blinking.

7 After measurement, vision comparison can be performed.


See “2.6 Vision Comparison Function” (page 53) for details on the vision comparison func-
tion.

8 Let the patient know that the measurement is completed and instruct him or her to rest
comfortably.

9 Print the measured results.


Printing operation varies according to the 31. PRINT parameter setting.

31. PRINT parameter Printing method


AUTO Printing starts automatically at the completion of measurement.

MANUAL Press the print button to print the measured data out.

NO Printing does not occur.

See “2.12 Printing” (page 69) for details on printing.


When an Eye Care card is inserted, data is saved on the card at the same time.

• Even when the 31. PRINT parameter is set to NO, data is saved on the Eye Care card and
exported to external connected devices.
• The printing contents can be changed by parameter settings.
See “2.13 Parameter Settings” (page 74) for details.

10 Eject the Eye Care card.

44
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM

CAUTION • Be careful of the following in handling the Eye Care card so that malfunction does
not occur.
Be sure not to eject the Eye Care card while it is being accessed (yellow solid display
).
Never bend or damage the card.
Never soil nor let the water in the IC terminal area (gold part) of the card.
Keep the card away from high temperature environments or static electricity.
Do not press on the card too firmly with objects such as a pen when inscribing.

2
2.3.1 Cataract measurement mode
If cataract or abnormal eyes cannot be measured during AR (refractive error) measurement, cataract
measurement mode turns on automatically.
In cataract measurement mode, measurement conditions are changed so as to enhance ease of mea-
surements of even cataract or abnormal eyes.

When the device is placed in cataract measurement mode,


“ ” is displayed on the screen and then measurement
starts.
The auto tracking and auto shot functions work
in the same manner as ordinary measurement
mode.

One of the following operations cancels cataract measurement mode:


• Switching the eye to be measured between the right eye and left eye.
• Pressing the clear button .
• Pressing the print button .

• In cataract measurement mode, take note that measurement variations may occur more
commonly compared to normal measurement mode.

Printout sample in cataract measurement mode


According to the 45. CAT MARK parameter set-
ting, “ ” indicating that measurement has been
taken in cataract measurement mode is printed
as shown on the right.
* Factory setting: NO

Symbols of cataract measurement mode

45
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM Measurement Mode

2.3.2 Measurement ring image display


The ARK-530A/ARK-510A projects measurement beams on the patient’s fundus and computation is
performed by capturing the reflected beams as a ring image to measure the refractive errors of the
patient’s eye.
The ARK-530A/ARK-510A displays this ring for the operator to observe the patient’s eye.

1 Perform normal measurement.


A thumbnail of the ring image is displayed along
with “<<FINISH>>” when measurement is com-
plete.

2 Press the ring image enlargement button to


switch to the full screen display.
Observe the size, shape and such of the ring
image.

• When both eyes have been measured, manipulating the joystick to switch the main body
between the right and left also changes the display of the ring image between the right and
left.

3 After checking the ring image, press the exit button to return to the measurement
screen.

46
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM

2.3.3 KM peripheral measurement


Setting the 15. PERIPHERAL parameter to YES allows the operator to measure the peripheral four
points as well as the mire ring in the center (KM measurement).

Measurement area
KM measurement (mire ring) 3.3 mm (for corneal curvature radius of 7.7 mm) in diameter
KM peripheral measurement
6.0 mm (for corneal curvature radius of 7.7 mm) in diameter
(four points)
2

After KM peripheral measurement, a measurement count


is displayed to the right of “P: ” on the measurement
screen.
It is printed under the heading “<PERIPHERAL>” after the
normal measurement values.
See “2.12.1 Printing measured data” (page 69) for
a printout sample.

KM peripheral measurement count

{ Error message of KM peripheral measurement


Since the KM peripheral measurement range is
larger than that of normal measurement, the
eyelid or eyelashes can easily affect measure-
ments.
If KM measurement is possible and only periph-
eral measurement is not possible, “<<PERI?>>”
appears and only KM measurement is per-
formed.
To continue KM peripheral measurement,
instruct the patient to open his or her eyes wide
and press the start button again. KM peripheral
measurement is performed again.

• When KM peripheral measurement is restarted, KM measurement is also performed.


In such a case, the subsequent KM measurement is added to the premeasured KM measurement count.
• If an error occurs in KM measurement, KM peripheral measurement is not performed.

47
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) Measurement: AR Measurement Mode

2.4 AR (refractive error) Measurement: AR Measurement Mode

Perform AR measurement in the same manner as AR/KM measurement mode.


KM (corneal curvature radius) measurement is not performed; KM-measured data is not displayed on
the screen.

R: AR measurement count
S: Spherical power
C: Cylindrical power
A: Cylinder axis angle

1 Perform alignment and focusing and start AR measurement.


See “2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM
Measurement Mode” (page 36) for the procedure before starting AR measurement.

Measurements are taken automatically when the device is best aligned and focused on the
eye (when the auto shot function is turned on).
* When the auto shot function is turned off, press the start button to start measurement.

Pre-AR measurement starts and the scenery chart is fogged.

AR measurement starts.

A short beep sounds and the AR measured data and measurement count are displayed.
* The way of fogging in the second and subsequent measurements varies according to the 4. MEAS
MODE parameter setting.
Fogging stays on throughout the measurement series.
CON.
This mode is useful for children who do not fixate their eyes very long.
The patient’s view is fogged for each measurement even though the start
NOR. button is held down.
This mode is useful for patients who accommodate their eyes easily.

AR measurement completes.

48
OPERATING PROCEDUREAR (refractive error) Measurement: AR Measurement Mode

• If the device gets out of alignment and focus during measurement, the measurement is
interrupted. If the measurement is retried, the measured results are added to the former
results and saved.
• To continue the measurement, press the start button again. “<<FINISH>>” disappears and
auto tracking starts for measurement (except when the 21. COMPARE SW or 31. PRINT
parameter is set to AUTO).
• The device can save up to 10 measurements each for the right eye and left eye. If
measurements exceed 10, the data is erased in order from the oldest.

<AR measurement error messages> 2


Error messages are the same as those for <AR measurement error messages> of AR/KM
measurement mode.
See “2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM
Measurement Mode” (page 36) for details.

2 Measurement completes.
• When AI mode is YES:

When the specified number of AR measurements is performed and the data is stable (no varia-
tions), the measurement automatically completes.*1

“<<FINISH>>” is displayed on the screen.

ARK-530A ARK-510A

• When AI mode is NO:

When the specified number of AR measurements*1 is performed, the measurement automatically


completes.
Release the start button to finish AR measurement.
* If three or more measurements are obtained, the median values are printed at the time of printing.

3 Measure the other eye in the same manner.


The subsequent procedure is the same as that for the AR/KM measurement mode.
See “2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM
Measurement Mode” (page 36) for details.

*1. 3 through 10 times can be set by the 6. AR CONTINUE parameter. (Factory setting is 3 times.)

49
OPERATING PROCEDUREKM (corneal curvature radius) Measurement: KM Measurement Mode

2.5 KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurement:


KM Measurement Mode

Perform KM measurement in the same manner as AR/KM measurement mode.


AR (refractive error) measurement is not performed; AR-measured data is not displayed on the
screen.

K: KM measurement count
P: KM peripheral measurement count
R1: Corneal curvature radius and corneal cylinder
axis angle of flattest meridian
R2: Corneal curvature radius and corneal cylinder
axis angle of steepest meridian

• Whether or not to perform KM peripheral measurement (P) is set by the 15: PERIPHERAL
parameter.
The factory setting is NO (not measure).
• When the 12. KM DISPLAY parameter is set
to AVE, CYL, the indications on the
measurement screen are as shown on the
right.
AVE: Average of R1 and R2
CYL: Corneal cylindrical power & Corneal cylinder
axis angle

1 Perform alignment and focusing to start KM measurement.


See “2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM
Measurement Mode” (page 36) for the procedure before starting KM measurement.
KM measurement starts.

A short beep sounds and KM-measured data and measurement count are displayed.

50
OPERATING PROCEDUREKM (corneal curvature radius) Measurement: KM Measurement Mode

KM measurement completes.
The latest values are always displayed on the
screen.

• If the device gets out of alignment and focus during measurement, the measurement is
interrupted. If the measurement is retried, the measured results are added to the former
results and saved.
• To continue the measurement, press the start button again. “<<FINISH>>” disappears and
auto tracking starts for measurement.
• The device can save up to 10 measurements each for the right eye and left eye. If
measurements exceed 10, the data is erased in order from the oldest.

<KM measurement error messages>


Error messages are the same as those for <KM measurement error messages> of AR/KM
measurement mode.
See “2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM Measure-
ment Mode” (page 36) for details.

2 Measurement completes.
When the specified number of KM measurements is performed, the measurement automatically
completes.*1
Indications on the screen after measurement:
When the specified number of KM measurements*1 is performed, “<<FINISH>>” is displayed on
the screen.

ARK-530A ARK-510A

*1. 3 through 10 times can be set by the 14. KM CONTINUE parameter. (Factory setting is 3 times.)

51
OPERATING PROCEDUREKM (corneal curvature radius) Measurement: KM Measurement Mode

When the specified number of KM measurements have not been obtained, “<<KM?>>” is displayed
on the screen.
When the specified number of KM peripheral measurements have not been obtained, “<<PERI?>>”
is displayed on the screen.

When the start button is pressed, the KM measurement stars again. As soon as the specified num-
ber of KM measurements is obtained, “<<FINISH>>” is displayed on the screen.

3 Measure the other eye in the same manner.


The subsequent procedure is the same as that for AR/KM measurement mode.
See “2.3 AR (refractive error) and KM (corneal curvature radius) Measurements: AR/KM
Measurement Mode” (page 36) for details.

52
OPERATING PROCEDUREVision Comparison Function

2.6 Vision Comparison Function

A vision comparison function allows the patient to compare the current vision (uncorrected eye vision
or that corrected by LM data) with the vision corrected by AR measurement. By changing the distance
to the chart, the patient can also experience the vision for near distance.
For comparison with the vision corrected by LM data, the power of glasses needs to be read before-
hand using an Eye Care card.

2
1 Perform AR measurement as normal.
Perform monocular or binocular measurement.

2 Press the vision comparison button to set


the vision corrected by AR measurement.
The screen switches to the vision comparison
screen. The patient sees a scenery chart with
the vision corrected objectively.

Comparison with uncorrected eye vision

Scenery chart
The SE value of AR measurement blinks. It indi-
cates that the vision is being corrected by AR
measurement at the moment.

Comparison with vision corrected by LM data

• When the 21. COMPARE SW parameter is set to AUTO, the screen automatically switches
to the vision comparison screen after measurement of both eyes.

53
OPERATING PROCEDUREVision Comparison Function

3 Press the vision comparison button again to present the uncorrected eye vision (or
that corrected by LM data).
Blinking SE of (or LM) indicates the uncorrected eye vision (or that corrected by LM
data) at the moment.
Blinking shows which vision is presented at the moment.
Blinking indication Presentation to patient
Uncorrected eye vision
SE value of When LM data is not read
Vision corrected by glasses that the patient uses
SE value of LM
When LM data is read
SE value of AR Vision corrected by AR measurement

• The dioptric power that the patient can check during the vision comparison function
includes only spherical component, not cylindrical component. Therefore, spherical
equivalent (SE value) or highest power (spherical power and cylindrical power) is used
instead of actual AR-measured data. The dioptric power to be used is shown on the display
panel.
Whether to use spherical equivalent or highest power can be selected by the 22. COMPARE (AR)
parameter.
Spherical equivalent is used for the vision with data of the patient’s glasses transferred from a lensme-
ter.
• The vision comparison function must be performed with the target aligned in every direction
and in focus, as well as in measurement. When the target is misaligned, perform alignment
and focusing again, following Step 3 of AR measurement.
• If the patient’s eye is hyperopic, the vision does not change as much compared with a
myopic eye. This is because the patient can see the chart with accommodation even with
an uncorrected eye.

4 Change the vision alternately to let the patient check the difference of the vision.
Pressing the vision comparison button switches between the vision corrected by AR
measurement and the uncorrected eye vision (or that corrected by LM data).

5 If necessary, switch to the vision for near distance.


1) Press the near button .
The working distance to the chart changes from
the normal distance (5 m-equivalent) to 40 cm-
equivalent. “<40cm>” is displayed in the upper
center of the screen.*1
Pressing the near button again returns the
working distance to the normal distance (5 m-
equivalent).

Vision for near distance (40 cm)

*1. The near working distance of the chart can be set between 35 and 70 cm (5 cm increments) or 14 and 28 inches (2 inch
increments) by the 56. WORKING D. parameter.

54
OPERATING PROCEDUREVision Comparison Function

• Regardless of the vision (AR measurement, uncorrected eye, LM data) presented, the
vision for near distance is presented by pressing the near button .
2) If necessary, switch to the vision with addition
power.
Pressing the ADD button with “<40cm>” dis-
played adds the addition power of 1.75 D.*1

“ADD+1.75” is displayed in the center of the


screen. It shows that the addition power is added.
2

• To display the ADD button , the 23. ADD SW parameter needs to be set to YES
(factory setting).
• The patient can know whether the addition power needs to be added with bifocal lenses or
progressive lenses.

3) Pressing the ADD button again cancels the addition power.


The addition power can be canceled by the following method:
•The chart distance returns to the normal distance (5 m-equivalent) by pressing the near button
.
•The vision switches between AR measurement and uncorrected eye (or LM data) by pressing
the vision comparison button .

6 Press the exit button to finish the vision comparison function and return to the mea-
surement screen.

7 Measure the other eye in the same manner.


When using the vision comparison function after AR measurement of both eyes, start it after
alignment with the patient’s eye.

8 When finishing the measurement, print the data out.

*1. The addition power can be selected by the 24. ADD SELECT parameter from 1.5D, 1.75D or 2.0D.

55
OPERATING PROCEDUREVision Comparison Function

{ Operation on vision comparison screen

Measurement screen

Distance vision Distance vision

Near vision Near vision

Near vision with ADD power Near vision with ADD power

Uncorrected eye vision or that Objectively corrected vision (AR


corrected by LM data measurement)

Vision comparison function

{ Display of vision comparison

Vision comparison function


Near vision indication indication
<near working dis-
tance>
Near vision indication with
ADD power
Addition power (D)

Vision corrected by AR measurement Uncorrected eye vision or that corrected by LM data


SE: Spherical Equivalent value : Uncorrected eye vision
: Highest power LM: Vision corrected by LM data
SE: Spherical Equivalent value

For glasses (LM), each value of SPH, CYL,


AXIS is displayed.

56
OPERATING PROCEDUREVision Comparison Function

2.6.1 Importing LM Data


Import LM data (data of glasses that the patient uses) to the ARK-530A/ARK-510A by inserting an Eye
Care card with the LM data written.
The imported data is used in order to present the vision with his or her glasses instead of uncorrected
eyes using the vision comparison function.

Lensometry data
Objectively measured data
2
Lensometry data
EyeCa-RW

Eye Care card

Eye Care card

ARK-530A/ARK-510A LM EyeCa-RW
AUTO OPTOMETRY SYSTEM

Importing of LM data automatically starts as soon as an Eye Care card containing LM data written by
the EyeCa-RW connected to a lensmeter is inserted into the Eye Care card slot of the ARK-530A/
ARK-510A. In such a case, the LM data in the Eye Card is not erased.

• The LM data on the Eye Care card is automatically erased if one of the following conditions
is met:
When LM data is transferred to an AUTO OPTOMETRY SYSTEM.
When LM data is overwritten (LM data is erased from card and new data is written)
Therefore, if patient A’s LM data is not transferred to the AUTO OPTOMETRY SYSTEM and
the next patient B takes only AR measurement, one Eye Care card saves both the LM data
of patient A and the objectively measured data of patient B.
In such a case, to avoid confusion, erase the data on the Eye Care card via the EyeCa-RW
before writing the objectively measured data of patient B.
• It is possible to import LM data by connecting the ARK-530A/ARK-510A and a NIDEK
lensmeter with an optional communication cable.
In such a case, when the print button (or DATA button) of the lensmeter is pressed after measurement
using the lensmeter, the measured LM data is imported.

* For devices that do not contain the Eye Care card reader/writer, the specified EyeCa-RW is needed.
See the operator’s manual of the EyeCa-RW or each device for details.

57
OPERATING PROCEDURECS (Corneal Size) Measurement

2.7 CS (Corneal Size) Measurement

1 Press the CS/PS/PD button to enter CS


measurement mode.
“<<CORNEAL SIZE>>”, guide lines and “START
SW: CAPTURE” are displayed on the screen.
Pressing the CS/PS/PD button switches the
mode in the following order:
AR/KMo CSo PSo PDo CSo ...

Guide lines
2 Manipulate the joystick to perform alignment and
focusing of the patient’s eye.
The auto tracking and auto focusing functions
are automatically turned off.
Manually operate the joystick to perform align-
ment and focusing according to the patient’s eye.

3 Press the start button to capture the image.


The screen switches from a moving image to a still image.
After capturing, instruct the patient to rest comfortably.

• If the mode is switched to CS measurement mode from when a still image is displayed on
the PS (Pupil SIze) measurement screen, a still image is displayed.
• If the start button is pressed before the right button or left button has been
pressed, the still image returns to the moving image that allows for recapturing.

4 Press the right button or left button to


align the guide line on the right of the patient’s
cornea.
The guide line to be aligned is displayed in pink.

5 Press the down button to change the


selected guide line.
The left guide line is displayed in pink.

Align the guide line with the right end of the pa-
tient’s cornea.

58
OPERATING PROCEDURECS (Corneal Size) Measurement

6 Press the right button or left button to


align the guide line with the left end of the
patient’s cornea.

2
Move the guide line to the left end of the pa-
tient’s cornea.

7 Press the start button to confirm the measure-


ment.
A CS value (0.1 mm increments) is displayed in
the lower part of the screen.

8 Measure the other eye in the same manner.

To perform PS measurement at the same time,


press the CS/PS/PD button to switch to
the PS measurement screen. The CS value is displayed.

• When performing both CS (Corneal Size) measurement and PS (Pupil Size) measurement,
switch the eye to be measured after CS measurement and PS measurement of a single
eye are completed.
Only capture of one image is needed for a single eye.
• When the right button or left button has never been pressed, the measured
values are not displayed. Start measurement again from capturing.
• When the AI MODE parameter is set to YES and the PRINT parameter is set to AUTO, CS
measurement must be performed before AR and/or KM measurement to be able to print
the data together with AR- and/or KM-measured data.

9 Press the exit button to exit from CS mea-


surement.
The screen returns to the measurement screen.
The CS-measured data is displayed on the
screen, indicating the completion of CS mea-
surement.

The CS value is displayed.

59
OPERATING PROCEDUREPS (Pupil Size) Measurement

2.8 PS (Pupil Size) Measurement

This is the procedure to measure the pupil size (PS). To measure PS continuing from CS (Corneal
Size) measurement, start from Step 5.

• If the mode is switched to PS measurement mode from when a still image is displayed on
the CS (Corneal SIze) measurement screen, a still image is displayed.
• When recapturing the patient’s eye after turning on or off the lamp button , press the
start button.
The screen switches to the screen display in Step 1.

1 Press the CS/PS/PD button to select PS


measurement mode.
“<<PUPIL SIZE>>”, guide lines and “START SW:
CAPTURE” are displayed on the screen.
Pressing the CS/PS/PD button switches the
mode in the following order:
AR/KMo CSo PSo PDo CSo ...

Guide lines
2 When the pupil size is measured in a dark place,
turn off the chart-illuminating lamp in the measuring window.
Press the lamp button to turn on or off the chart-illuminating lamp.
When the chart-illuminating lamp is not lit, “LAMP:OFF” is displayed below “<<PUPIL
SIZE>>”.
Instruct the patient not to look round and watch ahead without straining.

LAMP:ON To measure the pupil size during AR measurement


LAMP:OFF To measure the size of the pupil dilated in darkness

3 Manipulate the joystick to perform alignment and


focusing of the patient’s eye.
The auto tracking and auto focusing functions
are automatically turned off.
Manually operate the joystick to perform align-
ment and focusing according to the patient’s eye.

4 Press the start button to capture the image.


The screen switches from a moving image to a still image.
After capturing, instruct the patient to rest comfortably.

60
OPERATING PROCEDUREPS (Pupil Size) Measurement

• When the right button or left button has never been pressed, the measured
values are not displayed. Start measurement again from capturing.

5 Press the right button or left button to


align the guide line on the right of the patient’s
pupil.
The guide line to be aligned is displayed in pink

6 Press the down button to change the 2


selected guide line.
The left guide line is displayed in pink.

Align the guide line with the right end of the


patient’s pupil.

7 Press the right button or left button to


align the guide line with the left end of the
patient’s pupil.

8 Press the start button to confirm the measure-


ment.
A PS value (0.1 mm increments) is displayed in
the lower part of the screen.

Move the guide line to the left end of the pa-


tient’s pupil.
9 Measure the other eye in the same manner.

• When the right button or left button has never been pressed, the measured
values are not displayed. Start measurement again from capturing.
• When the AI MODE parameter is set to YES and the PRINT parameter is set to AUTO, PS
measurement must be performed before AR and/or KM measurement to be able to print
the data together with AR- and/or KM-measured data.

10 Press the exit button to exit from PS measure-


ment.
The screen returns to the measurement screen.
The PS-measured data is displayed on the
screen, indicating the completion of PS mea-
surement.

The PS value is displayed.

61
OPERATING PROCEDUREPD (Pupillary Distance) Measurement

2.9 PD (Pupillary Distance) Measurement

2.9.1 Auto PD measurement


When the 63. AUTO PD parameter is set to YES, at the
moment where measurement of both eyes is completed,
PD measurement is also completed and then the PD value
is displayed.
Also, the near PD is automatically calculated.

The PD value is displayed.


• A PD value is printed out with measured data.
• A monocular PD is not measured.
Measure the monocular PD manually.
• The calculated near PD is not displayed on the screen but is printed out with the AR-
measured data (when the 55. NEAR PD PRINT parameter is set to YES).
• “PD ERR” displayed on the screen may disable PD measurement. Check the PD window.
If the PD window is blocked, remove the obstacles. If dust settles on the PD window, dampen a cloth with
rubbing alcohol and gently wipe the dust off.
If “PD ERROR” is still displayed on the screen even after making the corrections described above, install
the device in a low light interference environment since the error may occur due to light interference.

2.9.2 Manual PD Measurement


When the 63. AUTO PD parameter is set to NO, perform measurement by the following procedure.
Even when the parameter is set to YES, manual PD measurement can be performed.

1 Press the CS/PS/PD button to select PD


measurement mode.
On the screen, “<PD>”, “R”, “C”, and “L” are dis-
played.

2 Instruct the patient not to move his/her head and eyes during measurement.

62
OPERATING PROCEDUREPD (Pupillary Distance) Measurement

3 After proper alignment of the right eye and left


eye, press the start button each time.
To measure monocular PD at the same time as
the binocular PD, press the start button every
after proper alignment of the right-eye, center,
and the left-eye.

2
The mark of the detected position disappears.

• If the patient’s head is tilted, straighten it before starting measurement.


• To locate in the exact center position, have the patient wear the frames with a mark in its
center and bring the mark in focus.
It is recommendable to use a pupillary distance meter such as the NIDEK PM-600 in order to obtain pre-
cise monocular PD.
• “R” (right), “C” (center) and “L” (left) on the LCD disappear in order by pressing the start
button to indicate that detection of each position has been completed.

4 When the measurement is completed, the mea-


sured PD is displayed on the screen.
The measurement is completed when the R
(right) and L (left) signs disappear.
To measure the monocular PD, press the start
button in the center.

5 Press the exit button to exit from PD mea-


surement.
The screen returns to the measurement screen.
The measured PD is displayed on the screen,
indicating that the completion of measurement.

The PD value is displayed.

63
OPERATING PROCEDURESagittal Radius Measurement

2.10 Sagittal Radius Measurement

1 Set the 81. SAGITTAL parameter to YES.


• If the 31. PRINT parameter has been set to AUTO, set it back to MANUAL.

2 As soon as KM measurements are obtained, the


SAG icon is displayed. Press the SAG button.
The screen is switched to the screen for sagittal ǁᵃᵆᵋᵆᵐᵅǂ
radius measurement mode. Indications of U
(Up), R (Right), D (Down), and L (Left) are dis-
played with “L” blinking to show the position of
the illuminated fixation lamp seen by the patient.

• KM median values or the latest KM vales are displayed on the screen.


• To exit sagittal radius measurement mode, press the exit button.

3 Instruct the patient to look at the green light on


the left side without moving his or her head.

4 Manipulate the joystick to place the mire ring


concentric with the target.

5 Move the joystick forward and backward to focus


the mire ring until it becomes thinnest.

64
OPERATING PROCEDURESagittal Radius Measurement

6 Press the start button.


The sagittal radius of the right of the cornea is
measured. “L” changes to “ ” and then “R”
starts blinking.

2
• If the measurement is erroneous, “L” changes to “E”. In such cases, repeat the measurement by
pressing the start button. If “E” remains after repeating the measurement, press the down
button to proceed to measurement of the R side.

7 Instruct the patient to look at the blinking green light on the right and repeat steps 4 to 6
to measure the sagittal radius of the left of the cornea.

8 Take measurements for D (Down) and U (Up) in


the same manner.
When all the four measurements for a single eye
are completed, the device returns to R/K mode
or K mode and the eccentricity value (E) is dis-
played.

• Throughout measurement series, a mean value for each side (L, R, U and D) will be obtained
individually, and the eccentricity data will be obtained by calculation on the basis of the mean
values for the four sides and KM data (either median or the latest data). When the 82. SAGIT AXIS
parameter is set to AXIS, these values will be converted for the angle of the steepest meridian
which has been obtained by the KM measurement.
• When “E” is displayed for a particular side, the value of the opposite side on the same meridian will
be used for the calculation of eccentricity.
• If the eccentricity is displayed as “E ERR”, press the SAG button to repeat the measurement.
Repeating the measurement, however, clears the previous data.

9 Measure the other eye in the same manner.


It is possible to start binocular radius measurement after KM measurement of both eyes
have been complete.

10 Press the print button ( ) to print the sagittal radius measurements.


• Before measuring another patient, be sure to press the print button ( ) to print data or press the
clear button ( ) to erase data.

65
OPERATING PROCEDURESagittal Radius Measurement

Sample printout
The following are sample printouts for the left eye and explanations of each data item.

<Sample printout 1>


Sample printout - When the 83. SAGIT PRINT parameter is set to ALL

< SAGITTAL > = Sagittal radius on each side


SUP. = Superior side
INF. = Inferior side
TEM. = Temporal side
NAS. = Nasal side
A = Axis of steepest meridian (of KM measurement)
(F = Fixation Angle)
S = Sagittal data which the dRo value is added to or subtracted
from sagittal radius values
e = Eccentricity values of each sagittal radius
eh = Eccentricity on horizontal meridian
ev = Eccentricity on vertical meridian
E = Total Eccentricity
ASTc = Corneal cylinder at the center
ASTp = Corneal cylinder at the periphery
Rh = Average of corneal curvature on horizontal meridian
Rv = Average of corneal curvature on vertical meridian
Ro = Average of corneal curvature at the center
dRo = Difference of corneal curvature between R1 and R2
dAST = Difference of corneal cylinder between the center and the
peripheral

<Sample printout 2>


Sample printout - When the 83. SAGIT PRINT parameter is set to SHORT

66
OPERATING PROCEDUREMeasuring Hard Contact Lenses

2.11 Measuring Hard Contact Lenses

To measure hard contact lenses, use the provided CL holder. The contact lens holder is incorporated
in the spherical model eye.
The CL holder is integral with the spherical model eye.

1 Fill the concave top of the CL holder with


water. Pipette
2
Use a commercial pipette to fill the concave
top of the CL holder completely with water.

2 Place a contact lens with the surface to be


measured facing upward over the contact lens
holder. Contact lens

When measuring the concave surface, place


the lens with the concave surface up as
shown in the figure on the right. Conversely,
when measuring the convex surface, place
the lens with the convex surface up.

• Be careful not to let bubbles get under the lens or water or dust on the lens.

3 Pull out the two fixing pins and remove the


stack of chinrest paper from the chinrest.

67
OPERATING PROCEDUREMeasuring Hard Contact Lenses

4 Place the model eye/CL holder with the sur-


face of the contact lens to be measured facing
toward the measuring window and insert the
fixing pins.

5 Select the KM measurement mode and measure the lens in the same manner as KM
measurement.

• When measuring the convex surface of a contact lens, axis angle can be read directly.
When measuring the concave surface, however, the measured axis should be read
inversely.
• Soft contact lenses cannot be measured.

68
OPERATING PROCEDUREPrinting

2.12 Printing

2.12.1 Printing measured data


Measured data is printed out by pressing the print button after measurement.
Printing completes with paper still attached so that it does not fall. Tear off the paper to
detach.
2
• When the 31. PRINT parameter is set to AUTO, printing starts automatically when the
measurements of both eyes complete.
• Do not touch the printer paper while measured data is printed out.
A loss of text and lightly printed text may result.
• When the RT or such is connected, printing and data transmission are performed at the
same time.
• The memory indicator is lit while measured data is being saved in the memory. As long as
the indicator is lit, data can be printed any number of times.
• After printing, the existing data is automatically erased when the next measurement begins.
For information, when the 33. PRINT&CLR parameter is set to YES, data is automatically
erased just after printing.
• When the memory indicator is lit, holding the clear button ( ) for about a second erases
the existing data completely.
• When the memory indicator is not lit, the print button serves to feed the paper.

<Sample printout 1>

Memory indicator

• This sample indicates the printout performed when the parameters related to printing have
not been changed since shipment (factory settings).

69
OPERATING PROCEDUREPrinting

<Sample printout 2>

Patient No.
Patient ID*1
Space for name and sex
Date and time of measurement
Vertex distance*2
Near working distance*3

AR measurement, Confidence index*4


S = Spherical powers
C = Cylindrical powers
A = Cylinder axis
AR median values*5
SE value*6

Eyeprint*7

Trial lens data*8


CL conversion values*9

KM measurement
R1 = Flattest meridian
R2 = Steepest meridian
AVE = Average of R1 and R2
CYL = Corneal cylindrical power
deg = Corneal cylinder axis

KM median values*10

KM peripheral measurement

CS measurement, PS measurement
(ON or OFF of the lamp during PS measurement)

Measurable range over error

Pupillary distance
Distance PD, (Monocular PD), Near PD*11

Comments*12

70
OPERATING PROCEDUREPrinting

• Items with “ ” indicate whether or not to print according to parameter settings.


See PRINT1 to PRINT3 of “2.13.1 Parameter tables” (page 77).

* 1 Patient ID
The patient ID scanned by the optional barcode scanner or magnetic card reader
* 2 Vertex distance
The distance between the corneal vertex to the posterior surface of spectacle lenses
* 3 Near working distance 2
Used for near PD calculation. Changeable in the 35 to 70 cm or in the 14- to 28-inch range by the
corresponding parameter.
* 4 Confidence index
One of six confidence indexes (9, 8, 7, 6, 5 or E) is printed out. E is erroneous data.

The lower the confidence index, the larger the effect of irregular astigmatism.
Measured data obtained in cataract measurement mode is marked with the preceding “ ” symbol.
* 5 AR median value
Printed out when three or more AR measurements are in the memory
* 6 SE (Spherical Equivalent) value
Calculated for the AR median values (or the latest values when AR median values have not been
obtained) and CL conversion values
* 7 Eyeprint
Tells graphically the patient’s refractive status based on the AR median values (or the latest values
when AR median values have not been obtained). There are 8 eyeprint patterns.

• Emmetropia • Astigmatism • Simple myopic astigmatism

• Myopia • Myopic astigmatism • Simple hyperopic astigmatism

• Hyperopia • Hyperopic astigmatism

71
OPERATING PROCEDUREPrinting

* 8 Trial lens data


Based on the AR median values (or the latest values when AR median values have not been
obtained), the cylinder reading direction is automatically converted so that a spherical trial lens has
lower power as reference data.
* 9 Contact lens conversion value
The AR median values (or the latest values when AR median values have not been obtained) are
converted into CL values, letting the vertex distance (VD) be 0 mm.
* 10 KM median values
Printed out when three or more KM measurements are in the memory
* 11 PD for near vision
PD for a near working distance of 40 cm (factory setting). Use it for prescriptions of reading glasses
or bifocals.
* 12 Comments
It is possible to enter the desired letters or symbols.
See “2.13.4 Entering comments” (page 97) for the entering method.

2.12.2 Eyeprint
Aside from normal printing, the eyeprint button
serves to print the eyeprint and PD value only based on
the AR median values or latest values.
The eyeprint is printed out regardless of the 52. EYE
PRINT parameter. It helps you explain the patient the
refractive condition of his or her eyes.
There are 8 eyeprint patterns, the same as those on
the normal printing described in “2.12.1 Printing mea-
sured data” (page 69).

• It is possible to print the eyeprint when measured data is saved and the memory indicator
is lit.
• With monocular measurement only, printing can be performed.

72
OPERATING PROCEDUREPrinting

2.12.3 Printing parameter settings


The current parameter settings, set time, comments, and maintenance program versions are printed
out.

1 Press and hold the parameter button for about a second.


The PARAMETER SETTING screen is displayed. The parameter No. and parameter names
are displayed.
See “2.13 Parameter Settings” (page 74) for details on the parameters.
2
2 Press the print button .
The parameter settings are printed as below.
The parameter settings are printed regardless of the displayed page on the PARAMETER
SETTING screen, all the parameter settings are printed out.

Date and time

Comments

Program versions
(for maintenance)

73
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

2.13 Parameter Settings

The ARK-530A/ARK-510A is provided with parameters that set various functions according to the
user’s usage pattern. The procedure for checking and changing the parameter settings is explained.

1 Press and hold the parameter button for ᵏ  㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


about a second.
㧭㧾
The PARAMETER SETTING screen is displayed 㧷㧹
㧯㧻㧹㧼㧭㧾㧱
and parameter items are displayed. 㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧝
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧞
The currently selected parameter item is high- 㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧟
㧲㨁㧺㧯㨀㧵㧻㧺
lighted. 㧯㧻㧹㧹㨁㧺㧵㧯㧭㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧿㧭㧳㧵㨀㨀㧭㧸
㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾
㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷
㧯㧸㧻㧯㧷‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀
㧯㧻㧹㧹㧱㧺㨀‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀

2 Press the up/down button to select a parameter ᵏ  㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


to be changed.
㧭㧾
See “2.13.1 Parameter tables” (page 77) for 㧷㧹
㧯㧻㧹㧼㧭㧾㧱
details on the parameters. 㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧝
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧞
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧟
㧲㨁㧺㧯㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧯㧻㧹㧹㨁㧺㧵㧯㧭㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧿㧭㧳㧵㨀㨀㧭㧸
㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾
㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷
㧯㧸㧻㧯㧷‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀
㧯㧻㧹㧹㧱㧺㨀‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀

Move the highlight.

Up button Moves the current selection up.

Down button Moves the current selection down.

• See “2.13.3 Setting the date and time” (page 95) when CLOCK SET is selected.
• See “2.13.4 Entering comments” (page 97) when COMMENT SET is selected.
• To check the parameter setting, press the print button .
See “2.12.3 Printing parameter settings” (page 73) for details on printing.

74
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

3 Press the execute button to switch to the


[PRINT1] screen.
Parameters and their settings are displayed.
A parameter that is being selected is highlighted.

2
PRINT1 screen
4 Press the up/down button to select a parameter
to be changed.

Move the highlight.

Up button Moves the current selection up.

Down button Moves the current selection down.

5 Press the right button or left button to


change the parameter setting.

Parameter setting changes.

Right button Selects the next parameter option.

Left button Selects the previous parameter option.

See “2.13.1 Parameter tables” (page 77) for the selectable options with the above switches.

• Underlined options in the parameter tables indicate factory settings.

75
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

To change the page of parameter:

Page up button Displays the previous page.

Page down button Displays the next page.

6 Repeat Steps 4 to 5 to change the desired parameter settings.

7 To finish setting the parameters, press the exit button .


The set parameter settings are saved even after power-off.
The screen returns to the AR measurement screen.

• The parameter settings are maintained in memory even though the device is turned off.
• After changing parameter settings, turn off the device after pressing the exit button .
Otherwise, parameter settings are not saved.

{ Resetting parameters
To reset the parameters to the factory settings, follow the steps below.

• Network, comments, date and time are not reset.

1) Turn off the device.


2) Turn on the power switch while holding down the third function button from the top on the
right of the LCD.
3) The parameters are reset to the factory settings and the device is turned on.

{ Displaying image information


Pressing the information button on the PARAMETER ᵏ 㧵㧺㧲㧻㧾㧹㧭㨀㧵㧻㧺
SETTING screen displays the INFORMATION screen. 㧶㧼㧱㧳㧦
㧼㧻㧾㨀㧵㧺㧳㧿‫ޓ‬㧻㧲‫ޓ‬㨀㧴㧵㧿
This is the license information regarding the JPEG format 㧿㧻㧲㨀㨃㧭㧾㧱‫ޓ‬㧭㧾㧱‫ޓ‬㧮㧭㧿㧱㧰‫ޓ‬㧵㧺
㧼㧭㧾㨀‫ޓ‬㧻㧺‫ޓ‬㨀㧴㧱‫ޓ‬㨃㧻㧾㧷‫ޓ‬㧻㧲‫ޓ‬㨀㧴㧱
used for image compression and MD4 used for verification 㧵㧺㧰㧱㧼㧱㧺㧰㧱㧺㨀‫ޓ‬㧶㧼㧱㧳‫ޓ‬㧳㧾㧻㨁㧼㧚
of data. ‫ޓ‬
㧹㧰㧠㧦
Press the exit button to return to the PARAMETER 㧯㧻㧼㨅㧾㧵㧳㧴㨀㧔㧯㧕㧝㧥㧥㧝㧙㧞㧘㧾㧿㧭
㧰㧭㨀㧭‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㧯㨁㧾㧵㨀㨅㧘㧵㧺㧯㧚
SETTING screen. 㧯㧾㧱㧭㨀㧱㧰‫ޓ‬㧝㧥㧥㧝㧚㧭㨘㨘‫ޓ‬㧾㧵㧳㧴㨀㧿
㧾㧱㧿㧱㧾㨂㧱㧰㧚

76
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

2.13.1 Parameter tables


[AR (AR measurement)]
* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


1 STEP 0.01D / 0.12D / 0.25D
2 VERTEX D. 0.00mm / 10.50mm / 12.00mm / 13.75mm / 15.00mm / 16.50mm
3 AXIS STEP 1°/ 5°
4 MEAS MODE CON. / NOR. 2
5 AI MODE YES / NO
6 AR CONTINUE 3 - 10 (Factory setting: 3)
7 AR THUMBNAIL YES / NO / LOW CONF

1 : STEP (AR measurement step)


Selects the indication step of SPH and CYL data for AR measurement and indication step for corneal
refractive power (dioptric power converted from corneal curvature radius).

2 : VERTEX D. (vertex distance)


Selects the distance between the corneal vertex to the posterior surface of the spectacle lens when the
patient wears glasses.
*13.75 mm is the factory setting of devices destined for NIDEK INCORPORATED.

3 : AXIS STEP (indication step of AXIS)


Selects the indication step of AXIS data for AR measurement.
4 : MEAS MODE (measurement mode)
Selects the way of fogging in successive AR measurements.
Fogging stays throughout the measurement series.
CON.
This mode is useful for children who do not fixate their eyes very long.
The patient’s view is fogged for each measurement even though the start button is held down.
NOR.
This mode is useful for patients who accommodate their eyes easily.

5 : AI MODE (AI mode)


Selects whether to use AI mode.
When YES is selected, the measurement automatically completes under the following conditions:
AR measurement automatically completes when stable data is obtained without variations after a
minimum of three shots.
If unstable data is included, additional measurements are taken and then the measurement com-
pletes.

• A measurement count is set by the 6. AR CONTINUE parameter.

6 : AR CONTINUE (successive AR measurement)


Sets the measurement count for a single eye.
When the AI MODE parameter is set to OFF, the measurement automatically completes after the spec-
ified number of measurements.
When the AI MODE parameter is set to ON, variations in data are checked after the specified number
of measurements. As a result of the check, the measurement completes when the data is stable. If not,
the measurement completes after the set number of additional measurements.

77
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

7 : AR THUMBNAIL
Selects whether to display the thumbnail screen of the measurement ring image during AR measure-
ment.
When YES is selected, a thumbnail of the measurement ring image is displayed to the left of the
screen after AR measurement is complete. Press the ring image enlargement button for full
screen display of the ring image.
When LOW CONF is selected, a thumbnail of the measurement ring image is displayed as in the case
of YES after AR measurement is complete with the confidence index at 7 or less.

[KM (KM measurement)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


11 KM UNIT mm / D
12 KM DISPLAY R1, R2 / AVE, CYL
13 REF. INDEX 1.3320 / 1.3360 / 1.3375
14 KM CONTINUE 3 - 10 (Factory setting: 3)
15 PERIPHERAL YES / NO

11 : KM UNIT (display unit for corneal curvature radius)


Selects whether to express the corneal curvature radius obtained in KM measurement in radius (mm)
or in diopter (D).

12 : KM DISPLAY (representation of corneal curvature radius)


Selects the KM measurement representation between R1 (flattest meridian) and R2 (steepest merid-
ian), and AVE (averages of R1 and R2) and CYL (amount of corneal astigmatism).

13 : REF. INDEX (corneal refractive index)


Selects the corneal refractive index.
14 : KM CONTINUE (successive KM measurement)
Sets the number of multiple KM measurements in KM measurement.

15 : PERIPHERAL (peripheral measurement)


Selects whether to perform peripheral area in KM measurement.
After KM peripheral measurement, a measurement count is displayed to the left of “P: ” on the mea-
surement screen.

KM measurement (mire ring) in the center and four points are performed.
Measurable area
YES
KM measurement: Dia. 3.3 mm (for corneal curvature radius of 7.7 mm)
KM peripheral measurement: Dia. 6.0 mm (for corneal curvature radius of 7.7 mm)

NO Only KM measurement (mire ring) is performed.

See “2.3.3 KM peripheral measurement” (page 47) for KM peripheral measurement.

78
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

[COMPARE (Vision comparison function)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


21 COMPARE SW AUTO / MANUAL / NO
22 COMPARE(AR) SE / -SPH
23 ADD SW YES / NO
24 ADD SELECT 1.50D / 1.75D / 2.00D

21 : COMPARE SW (comparison function button) 2


Selects how to enter the vision comparison function screen.

The vision comparison function screen is automatically displayed when both eyes have
AUTO
been measured.

The vision comparison function screen is displayed when the vision comparison button is
MANUAL
pressed.

The vision comparison function screen is not displayed.


NO The icon of the vision comparison function is not displayed on the
measurement screen.

22 : COMPARE (AR)
Selects the SPH value (spherical power) to be used for the vision of AR measurement during the vision
comparison function.

SE The spherical power of the SE (Spherical Equivalent) value is used.

-SPH The highest power (spherical power + cylindrical power) is used.

23 : ADD SW (addition power button)


Selects whether to add an addition power by pressing the ADD button during the vision compari-
son function for near vision.
24 : ADD SELECT (addition power)
Selects the addition power to be added during the vision comparison function for near vision.

79
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

[PRINT1 (Print setting 1)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


31 PRINT MANUAL / AUTO / NO
32 ECONO. PRINT YES / NO
33 PRINT&CLEAR YES / NO
34 PRINT DENSITY LOW / MIDDLE / HIGH
35 PATIENT NO. YES / NO
36 SET PATIENT NO. 0001 to 9999
37 NAME PRINT YES / NO
38 DATE FORMAT Y/M/D / M/D/Y / D/M/Y / NO
39 PRINT COMMENT YES / NO

31 : PRINT (printing)
Selects the method of starting printing.

MANUAL Press the print button to print the measured data out.

AUTO Printing starts automatically at the completion of measurement.

NO Printing does not occur.

32 : ECONO. PRINT (economical printing)


When YES is selected, printing is performed with reduced line-spacing to save printer paper.

33 : PRINT&CLEAR (erasing of data after printing)


Selects whether to erase the measured data in the memory immediately after printing.
When NO is selected, the measured data is erased when the next measurement is performed after
printing.

34 : PRINT DENSITY (density of printed text)


Selects the density of text to be printed.
35 : PATIENT NO. (printing of patient number)
Selects whether to print the patient No.
36 : SET PATIENT NO. (setting of patient ID)
Sets the patient number in the range from 0001 to 9999.
Pressing the left button at the beginning resets the counter to 0001.
37 : NAME PRINT (printing of name)
Selects whether to provide printing spaces for the patient’s name and sex.

80
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

38 : DATE FORMAT (date format)


Selects the format of date.

Y/M/D Year, Month, Date

M/D/Y Month, Date, Year

D/M/Y Date, Month, Year

NO No printing

39 : PRINT COMMENT
Selects whether to print comments.
2

[PRINT2 (Print setting 2)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


41 AR PRINT ALL / SHORT
42 KM PRINT ALL / SHORT / ALL(KM)
43 CONF. INDEX YES / NO
44 ERROR DATA YES / NO
45 CAT MARK YES / NO
46 ERROR PRINT YES / NO
47 PRINT FORMAT ARoKM / RoL

41 : AR PRINT (format of printed AR data)


Selects the printing format of AR measurement.

ALL All data and median values are printed out.

SHORT Only the median values are printed out.

42 : KM PRINT (format of printed KM data)


Selects the printing format of KM measurement.

ALL All data and median values are printed out.

SHORT Only the median values are printed out.

If KM measurement mode is selected, all the data and median values are printed. In
ALL(KM)
other modes than KM measurement mode, only median values are printed.

43 : CONF. INDEX (printing of confidence index)


Selects whether to print the confidence indexes.
When NO is selected, the confidence index is not displayed on the measurement screen, either.

81
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

44 : ERROR DATA
Selects whether to display and print erroneous data
obtained during AR measurement.
When YES is selected and the measured data is erro-
neous, the data is displayed in yellow and “Err” is
printed before the measured data.

• When the 43. CONF. INDEX parameter is set to YES, “E” is printed out as a confidence
index.

45 : CAT MARK (cataract indication)


Selects whether to add “ ” representing that measurement has been performed in cataract measure-
ment mode.
46 : ERROR PRINT
Selects whether to print the measurement failed during AR measurement.
47 : PRINT FORMAT
Selects the printout format of measured data.

The data is printed out in the order of AR-measured data (R/L) and KM-measured data
ARoKM
(R/L).
The data is printed out in the order of the right eye data (AR/KM measured data) and the
RoL
left eye data (AR/KM measured data).

82
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

[PRINT3 (Print setting 3)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


51 SE PRINT YES / NO
52 EYE PRINT YES / NO
53 TL PRINT YES / NO
54 CL PRINT YES / NO
55 NEAR PD PRINT YES / NO
2
35 to 70 cm (5 cm increments)
56 WORKING D. 14 to 28 inches (2 inch increments)
(Factory setting: 40 cm, 16 inches)

51 : SE PRINT (printing of SE values)


Selects whether to print SE values for the median values (or the latest values when the median values
have not been obtained).

52 : EYE PRINT (eyeprint)


Selects whether to include the eyeprint into printout.

53 : TL PRINT (printing of trial lens data)


Selects whether to print trial lens data which is based on the AR median values.
54 : CL PRINT (printing of CL conversion data)
Selects whether to print the CL conversion data, which is based on the AR median values, and SE val-
ues of the CL conversion data.

CL conversion data, which is based on the AR median values, and SE values of the CL
YES
conversion data are printed.
CL conversion data, which is based on the AR median values, and SE values of the CL
NO
conversion data are not printed.

55 : NEAR PD PRINT
Selects whether to print the near PD.

56 : WORKING D. (near working distance)


Sets the near working distance, which is referred at near PD calculation, between 35 to 70 cm (5 cm
increments). After this, there is an option for the indication in inches between 14 to 28 inches (2 inch
increments).
The setting is also in effect as the near working distance during the vision comparison function.

83
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

[FUNCTION (Various functions)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


61 WINDOW CHECK YES / NO / DAY
62 TRACKING SW TRC/ASHOT / ASHOT ON / ASHOT OFF
63 AUTO PD YES / NO
64 SLEEP 5MIN / 10MIN / 15MIN / NO
65 BEEP LOW / HIGH / NO
66 LCD BRIGHTNESS NORMAL / LIGHT
67 ICON OFF YES / NO
68 ALIGN QUALITY FINE / NORMAL
69 MAN FOCUS DISP YES / NO

61 : WINDOW CHECK (measuring window check)


Selects whether to automatically check the measuring window for soiling.
The measuring window is automatically checked for soiling at device start-up and the check result is
displayed. If the measuring window is soiled, a message is printed out.

YES The measuring window is checked at every startup.

NO The measuring window is not checked.

DAY The measuring window is checked at the first startup of the day.

62 : TRACKING SW (tracking button)


Selects the auto button function.

ARK-530A
It is possible to select a combination of the auto tracking function (3D/2D/None) and auto
TRC/ASHOT shot function (ON/OFF).
o o o o o (none) o...

It is possible to select the type of the auto tracking function (3D/2D/None). The auto shot
ASHOT ON function is constantly turned on.
o o o...
It is possible to select the type of the auto tracking function (3D/2D/None). The auto shot
ASHOT OFF function is constantly turned off.
o o (none) o...

ARK-510A
It is possible to select a combination of the auto tracking function (UpDown/None) and
TRC/ASHOT auto shot function (ON/OFF).
o o o (none) o...

It is possible to select the type of the auto tracking function (UpDown/None). The auto
ASHOT ON shot function is constantly turned on.
o o...
It is possible to select the type of the auto tracking function (UpDown/None). The auto
ASHOT OFF shot function is constantly turned off.
o (none) o...

84
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

63 : AUTO PD (auto PD measurement)


Selects whether to measure PD during AR measurement and/or KM measurement. (This function is
activated only when both eyes are measured.)
64 : SLEEP (sleep time)
Selects the auto-sleep function.
The LCD is shut down automatically after a set period during which no buttons have been pressed.
Select the time period from 5 (min.), 10 (min.), 15 (min.) or NO.
65 : BEEP (beep sound)
Selects the pitch of the beep sound (electronic beeper sound) that is produced during measurement.

LOW The pitch of the produced beep sound is low. 2


HIGH The pitch of the produced beep sound is high.

NO No beep sound is produced.

66 : LCD BRIGHTNESS (light intensity of LCD)


Brightness of the LCD.
Select the brightness from NORMAL or LIGHT.
67 : ICON OFF (icon display)
Selects whether to display the icon buttons on the measurement screen.

Touch icons are not displayed.


To use each function of the function buttons (except for clear and print), follow the
procedure below:
1) Press a function button (except for clear and print) on the measurement screen to
YES
display the icons.
2) When icons are displayed, each button functions.

3) Press the clear button or print button to hide the displayed icons.

NO Touch icons are always displayed.

68 : ALIGN QUALITY (display during alignment)


Selects between high display speed and high screen quality during alignment.

FINE Increases the quality of the screen display while decreasing the display speed.

NORMAL Increases the display speed while decreasing the quality of the screen display.

69 : MAN FOCUS DISP (manual focusing indicator)


Selects whether to display the focusing indicator in manual mode (auto tracking OFF + auto shot OFF).

85
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

[COMMUNICATION (Communication function)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


71 I/F MODE NIDEK / NCP10
72 I/F FORMAT ALL / SHORT
73 BAUD-RATE 1200 / 2400 / 4800 / 9600
74 BIT LENGTH 7/8
75 CR CODE YES / NO
76 LM DATA PRINT YES / NO

71 : I/F MODE (communication mode)


Selects the device to communicate with.
NIDEK Communication with a NIDEK-brand device

NCP10 NCP10-compliant device

72 : I/F FORMAT (communication format)


Selects the format of data to be transmitted.
ALL All data are transferred.

SHORT Restricted data is transmitted.

73 : BAUD-RATE
Selects the baud-rate (bit transmission speed) for communication.

74 : BIT LENGTH
Selects the bit number for a single character used for communication.
75 : CR CODE (line feed code)
Selects whether to attach CR (carriage return) code at the end of data to be transmitted.

76 : LM DATA PRINT (printing of imported LM data)


Selects whether to print the data imported from the lensmeter connected to the data input port by the
built-in printer of the ARK-530A/ARK-510A.
When the parameter is set to YES, the data is printed from the ARK-530A/ARK-510A printer by press-
ing the print button of the lensmeter.
(A lensmeter provided with the function of printing data is needed.)
See the Operator’s Manual of the lensmeter for details.
In addition, when an Eye Care card containing LM data is inserted into the Eye Care card slot, the data
is automatically printed.

86
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

[SAGITTAL (Sagittal radius measurement function)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


81 SAGITTAL YES / NO
82 SAGIT AXIS AXIS / FIX
83 SAGIT PRINT ALL / SHORT

81 : SAGITTAL (sagittal radius measurement)


Selects whether to measure sagittal radius after KM measurement in R/K mode or K mode.
2
82 : SAGIT AXIS
Selects whether to convert the sagittal radius measurement for the axis of the steepest meridian which
has been obtained by KM measurement. To convert data, choose AXIS.
83 : SAGIT PRINT
Selects the print format of the sagittal radius measurement.

ALL All data is printed out.

SHORT Only the sagittal radius values and the total eccentricity are printed out.

87
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

[READER (barcode / magnetic card reader function)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


101 READER START 1 to 250
102 READER LENGTH 1 to 14

101 : READER START (position to start reading)


Sets the position to start reading ID when the magnetic card reader is used.
Control codes are included in the number of characters.
Set 1 when the barcode scanner is used.

102 : READER LENGTH (length of reading)


Sets the length of data to be read as ID when the magnetic card reader is used.
This reads the set length of data or reads up to the return code. Control codes are not included in the
number of characters.
Set 14 when the barcode scanner is used.

When read after setting is checked, the read result of set condi- ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳
㨇㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾㨉
tions is displayed in the ID field. 㧝㧜㧝㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾‫ޓ‬㧿㨀㧭㧾㨀‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧝
Other than alphanumeric characters, minus sign, and under bar, 㧝㧜㧞㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾‫ޓ‬㧸㧱㧺㧳㨀ᵅ ‫ޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧝㧠
~ (tilde) is displayed. Control codes are not displayed. 㧵㧰㧦
`*QUR+&`,20

Normal display

Press to display all data including digits other than set digits. ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳
㨇㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾㨉
Press again to return to the normal display. 㧝㧜㧝㧘㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾‫ޓ‬㧿㨀㧭㧾㨀‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧝
㧝㧜㧞㧚㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾‫ޓ‬㧸㧱㧺㧳㨀ᵅ ‫ޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧝㧠
‫ޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧭㧸㧸㧦
‫ޓ‬㧛㧴㨛㨟㨜㧵㧰㨊㧶㧼㧺㧜㧝㧝㧜㧞㧜㧝㧜㧜㧜㧞㧞㧛
㧼㨀㧵㧰㨊㧝㧛㧼㨀㧺㨁㧹㨊㧢㧜㧤㧠㧟‫ޓޓ‬㧛㧴㨛㨟㨜
㧵㧰㨊㧶㧼㧺㧜㧝㧝㧜㧞㧜㧝㧜㧜㧜㧞㧞㧛㧼㨀㧵㧰㨊㧝
㧛㧼㨀㧺㨁㧹㨊㧢㧜㧤㧠㧟
‫ޓ‬㨊㧍㧖㧏㧐㧑̉㧦㧪㧨㨪㧘㧙㧚㧛㧜㧝㧞㧟㧠㧡㧢㧣㧤
㧥㧗㧧㧨㨊㧪㧫̍㧭㧮㧯㧰㧱㧲㧳㧴㧵㧶㧷㧸㧹㧺㧻㧼㧽
㧾㧿㨀㨁㨂㨃㨄㨅㨆̈㨧㧒㧩

All data display

88
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

[NETWORK (LAN communication function)]


* Underlined options indicate factory settings.

No. Parameter Settings


111 NETWORK YES / NO / ACK
112 DHCP YES / NO

0 to 255, 0 to 255, 0 to 255, 0 to 255


113 IP
(Factory setting: 192.168. 0. 30)

114 MASK
0 to 255, 0 to 255, 0 to 255, 0 to 255 2
(Factory setting: 255.255.255. 0)
115 USER User name can be input up to 11 digits (Factory setting: GUEST)
116 PASSWORD Password can be input up to 11 digits (Factory setting: none)

Domain name can be input up to 11 digits (Factory setting:


117 DOMAIN
WORKGROUP)
118 PC NAME PC name can be input up to 11 digits (Factory setting: PC)

119 FOLDER Folder name can be input up to 11 digits (Factory setting: DATA)

120 IMAGE SEND NO / LOW CONF / YES

• NIDEK service personnel sets the LAN connection under approval of the network
administrator of the facility.
• Before connecting the network, obtain the following information from the network
administrator of the facility.
1. DHCP can be set to ON.
2. TCP/IP: IP address and subnet mask of the ARK-530A/ARK-510A
3. User name, password, and domain for file sharing
4. Folder setting and name in the computer in which the measured data is to be saved
• After setting and changing the network function, return to the measurement screen once
then reboot (Power OFF oON) the device.
The settings become active after rebooting.

111 : NETWORK (network connection)


Sets whether to connect network (LAN).

YES Network communication occurs.

NO Network communication does not occur.

After the receiver receives data, the file is deleted or renamed. If the file is not deleted
ACK
within 5 seconds, an error occurs.

112 : DHCP (DHCP connection)


Sets whether to turn on DHCP connection.
When the DHCP server is provided, IP is automatically assigned.
To enable the setting, restart the device after returning to the measurement screen.

89
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

113 : IP (IP address)


Input the IP address.
* When the 112. DHCP parameter is set to YES, this parameter cannot be changed. (The subnet mask
obtained from the DHCP server is displayed. When “0. 0. 0. 0” is displayed, IP has not been obtained
from the DHCP).
To enable the setting, restart the device after returning to the measurement screen.
114 : MASK (subnet mask)
Input the subnet mask.
* When the 112. DHCP parameter is set to YES, this parameter cannot be changed. (The subnet mask
obtained from the DHCP server is displayed. When “0. 0. 0. 0” is displayed, IP has not been obtained
from the DHCP).
115 : USER (user name)
Input the user name of the connected computer.
116 : PASSWORD (password)
Input the login password for the user name of the connected computer.

117 : DOMAIN (domain name)


Input the domain name (workgroup name) of the connected computer.

118 : PC NAME (computer name)


Input the PC name (or IP address) on the connected computer.

119 : FOLDER (shared folder)


Input the shared folder name on the connected computer to which the measured data file is exported.
120 : IMAGE SEND (image transmission)
Sets whether to transmit measured data with ring image data.

NO Image data is not transmitted.

LOW CONF When the confidence index is 7 or lower, image data is transmitted.

YES Image data is transmitted.

90
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

2.13.2 Setting and confirming the network communication function (LAN)


Set the 113. IP to 119. FOLDER parameters necessary for connecting to computer via network (LAN)
in the procedure below.

{ Setting 113. IP and 114. MASK parameters


The input procedure for the 113. IP parameter is explained. The procedure for the 114. MASK param-
eter is the same.
2
1 Press and hold the parameter button for ᵏ  㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳
about a second.
㧭㧾
The PARAMETER SETTING screen is dis- 㧷㧹
㧯㧻㧹㧼㧭㧾㧱
played. 㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧝
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧞
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧟
㧲㨁㧺㧯㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧯㧻㧹㧹㨁㧺㧵㧯㧭㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧿㧭㧳㧵㨀㨀㧭㧸
㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾
㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷
㧯㧸㧻㧯㧷‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀
㧯㧻㧹㧹㧱㧺㨀‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀

2 Press the down button to select “NETWORK”. ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳

㧭㧾
㧷㧹
㧯㧻㧹㧼㧭㧾㧱
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧝
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧞
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧟
㧲㨁㧺㧯㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧯㧻㧹㧹㨁㧺㧵㧯㧭㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧿㧭㧳㧵㨀㨀㧭㧸
㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾
㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷
㧯㧸㧻㧯㧷‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀
㧯㧻㧹㧹㧱㧺㨀‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀

3 Press the execute button to display the NET- ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


WORK screen. ‫ޓޓޓޓ‬㨇㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷㨉
㧝㧝㧝㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻
Parameters related to NETWORK are displayed. 㧝㧝㧞㧰㧴㧯㧼‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻
㧝㧝㧟㧵㧼‫ޓޓޓ‬㧝㧥㧞㧚㧝㧢㧤㧚‫ޓޓ‬㧜㧚‫ޓ‬㧟㧜
㧝㧝㧠㧹㧭㧿㧷‫ޓ‬㧞㧡㧡㧚㧞㧡㧡㧚㧞㧡㧡㧚‫ޓޓ‬㧜
㧝㧝㧡㨁㧿㧱㧾‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧳㨁㧱㧿㨀
㧝㧝㧢㧼㧭㧿㧿㨃㧻㧾㧰‫ޓ‬
㧝㧝㧣㧰㧻㧹㧭㧵㧺‫ޓޓޓޓޓ‬㨃㧻㧾㧷㧳㧾㧻㨁㧼
㧝㧝㧤㧼㧯‫ޓ‬㧺㧭㧹㧱‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧼㧯
㧝㧝㧥㧲㧻㧸㧰㧱㧾‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧰㧭㨀㧭
㧝㧞㧜㧵㧹㧭㧳㧱‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㧺㧰‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻

6'56

91
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

4 Press the up button or down button to ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


select “113. IP”. ‫ޓޓޓޓ‬㨇㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷㨉
㧝㧝㧝㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻
㧝㧝㧞㧰㧴㧯㧼‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻
㧝㧝㧟㧵㧼‫ޓޓޓ‬㧝㧥㧞㧚㧝㧢㧤㧚‫ޓޓ‬㧜㧚‫ޓ‬㧟㧜
㧝㧝㧠㧹㧭㧿㧷‫ޓ‬㧞㧡㧡㧚㧞㧡㧡㧚㧞㧡㧡㧚‫ޓޓ‬㧜
㧝㧝㧡㨁㧿㧱㧾‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧳㨁㧱㧿㨀
㧝㧝㧢㧼㧭㧿㧿㨃㧻㧾㧰‫ޓ‬
㧝㧝㧣㧰㧻㧹㧭㧵㧺‫ޓޓޓޓޓ‬㨃㧻㧾㧷㧳㧾㧻㨁㧼
㧝㧝㧤㧼㧯‫ޓ‬㧺㧭㧹㧱‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧼㧯
㧝㧝㧥㧲㧻㧸㧰㧱㧾‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧰㧭㨀㧭
㧝㧞㧜㧵㧹㧭㧳㧱‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㧺㧰‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻

6'56

5 Press the execute button to display the IP ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


screen. 㨇㧺㧱㨀9㧻㧾㧷‫ޓޓ‬㧵㧼㨉

The screen changes to the IP screen.

㧵㧼‫ޓ‬㧭㧰㧰㧾㧱㧿㧿
㧝㧥㧞㧝㧢㧤‫ޓޓ‬㧜㧟㧜

6 Change the IP address.

Press , , or start button. Moves the cursor.

Press or rotate the joystick


Decreases the input value.
counterclockwise.

Press or rotate the joystick


Increases the input value.
clockwise.

7 After entering the IP address, press the exit but- ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


ton . 㨇㧺㧱㨀9㧻㧾㧷‫ޓޓ‬㧵㧼㨉

A message to confirm the setting is displayed.


Select YES or NO. 㧯㧭㨁㨀㧵㧻㧺
Press , , or rotate the joystick to select 㧿㧱㨀‫ޓ‬㧵㧼‫ޓ‬㧭㧰㧰㧾㧱㧿㧿‫!ޓ‬
YES or NO.
㨅㧱㧿 㧺㧻

8 Press the execute button or start button to set YES or NO.


The screen returns to the NETWORK screen.
To return to the IP screen, press the exit button .

92
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

{ Setting 115. USER to 119. FOLDER parameters


The input procedure for the 115. USER parameter is explained. The procedure for the 116. PASS-
WORD to 119. FOLDER parameters are the same.

1 Press the up button or down button to ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


select “115. USER”. ‫ޓޓޓޓ‬㨇㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷㨉
㧝㧝㧝㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻
㧝㧝㧞㧰㧴㧯㧼‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻
㧝㧝㧟㧵㧼‫ޓޓޓ‬㧝㧥㧞㧚㧝㧢㧤㧚‫ޓޓ‬㧜㧚‫ޓ‬㧟㧜
㧝㧝㧠㧹㧭㧿㧷‫ޓ‬㧞㧡㧡㧚㧞㧡㧡㧚㧞㧡㧡㧚‫ޓޓ‬㧜
㧝㧝㧡㨁㧿㧱㧾‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧳㨁㧱㧿㨀
㧝㧝㧢㧼㧭㧿㧿㨃㧻㧾㧰‫ޓ‬
㧝㧝㧣㧰㧻㧹㧭㧵㧺‫ޓޓޓޓޓ‬㨃㧻㧾㧷㧳㧾㧻㨁㧼
2
㧝㧝㧤㧼㧯‫ޓ‬㧺㧭㧹㧱‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧼㧯
㧝㧝㧥㧲㧻㧸㧰㧱㧾‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧰㧭㨀㧭
㧝㧞㧜㧵㧹㧭㧳㧱‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㧺㧰‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻

6'56

2 Press the execute button to display the ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


USER screen. 㨇㧺㧱㨀9㧻㧾㧷‫ޓޓ‬㨁㧿㧱㧾㨉
‫ޓ‬㧚㧜㧝㧞㧟㧠㧡㧢㧣㧤㧥㧭㧮㧯㧰㧱㧲㧳㧴㧵㧶㧷
The screen changes to the USER screen. 㧸㧹㧺㧻㧼㧽㧾㧿㨀㨁㨂㨃㨄㨅㨆A

㨁㧿㧱㧾‫ޓ‬㧺㧭㧹㧱
)7'56

3 Change the user name.


User name can be input up to 11 digits.

Press or rotate the joystick Moves the character to be input (cursor) in the
counterclockwise. character list field to the left.

Press or rotate the joystick Moves the character to be input (cursor) in the
clockwise. character list field to the right.

Press . Moves the cursor in the input field to the left.

Press . Moves the cursor in the input field to the right.


Determines the character to be entered and moves
Press or press the start button.
the cursor to the next position.
Erases the character at the cursor position and
Press .
moves the cursor to the previous position.

93
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

4 After changing the user name, press the exit but- ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳
ton . 㨇㧺㧱㨀9㧻㧾㧷‫ޓޓ‬㨁㧿㧱㧾㨉

A message to confirm the setting is displayed. 㧯㧭㨁㨀㧵㧻㧺

Select YES or NO. 㧿㧱㨀‫ޓ‬㨁㧿㧱㧾‫ޓ‬㧺㧭㧹㧱‫!ޓ‬

Press , , or rotate the joystick to select


㨅㧱㧿 㧺㧻
YES or NO.

5 Press the execute button or start button to set YES or NO.


The screen returns to the NETWORK screen.
To return to the USER screen, press the exit button .

Password entry is case sensitive. ᵏ 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


㨇㧺㧱㨀9㧻㧾㧷‫ޓޓ‬㧼㧭㧿㧿㨃㧻㧾㧰㨉
‫ޓ‬㧚㧜㧝㧞㧟㧠㧡㧢㧣㧤㧥㧭㧮㧯㧰㧱㧲㧳㧴㧵㧶㧷
㧸㧹㧺㧻㧼㧽㧾㧿㨀㨁㨂㨃㨄㨅㨆A㨍㨎㨏㨐㨑㨒㨓㨔
㨕㨖㨗㨘㨙㨚㨛㨜㨝㨞㨟㨠㨡㨢㨣㨤㨥㨦

㧼㧭㧿㧿㨃㧻㧾㧰

{ Confirming network communication


Confirm that network communication occurs properly. 㧾 㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳
‫ޓޓޓޓ‬㨇㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷㨉
1) After connecting the ARK-530A/ARK-510A 㧝㧝㧝㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㨅㧱㧿
㧝㧝㧞㧰㧴㧯㧼‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧺㧻
using a LAN cable, make sure that the com- 㧝㧝㧟㧵㧼‫ޓޓޓ‬㧝㧥㧞㧚㧝㧢㧤㧚‫ޓޓ‬㧜㧚‫ޓ‬㧟㧜
㧝㧝㧠㧹㧭㧿㧷‫ޓ‬㧞㧡㧡㧚㧞㧡㧡㧚㧞㧡㧡㧚‫ޓޓ‬㧜
puter to be connected is turned on. 㧝㧝㧡㨁㧿㧱㧾‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧿㧭㧹㧼㧸㧱
㧝㧝㧢㧼㧭㧿㧿㨃㧻㧾㧰‫ޓޓޓޓ‬㧖㧖㧖㧖㧖㧖㧖㧖
2) Press the TEST button to check network 㧝㧝㧣㧰㧻㧹㧭㧵㧺‫ޓޓޓޓޓ‬㨃㧻㧾㧷㧳㧾㧻㨁㧼
㧝㧝㧤㧼㧯‫ޓ‬㧺㧭㧹㧱‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㧼㧯㧝㧞㧟
communication. 㧝㧝㧥㧲㧻㧸㧰㧱㧾‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㨀㧱㧹㧼
㧝㧞㧜㧵㧹㧭㧳㧱‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㧺㧰‫ޓޓޓޓޓޓޓ‬㨅㧱㧿
3) A message is displayed for 2 seconds
6'56
accompanied by a beep.

%100'%6+101- '44
Communication completed successfully. An error occurred.

When an error message is displayed, take remedies according to the message.


See “4.2 Error Messages and Countermeasures” (page 109) for details.

94
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

2.13.3 Setting the date and time


When the date and time of the printout is not correct, set the correct date and time.

• If the device is not turned on for 3 weeks, the date and time may become incorrect.

1 Press and hold the parameter button for ᵏ 


2
㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳
about a second.
㧭㧾
The PARAMETER SETTING screen is dis- 㧷㧹
㧯㧻㧹㧼㧭㧾㧱
played. 㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧝
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧞
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧟
㧲㨁㧺㧯㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧯㧻㧹㧹㨁㧺㧵㧯㧭㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧿㧭㧳㧵㨀㨀㧭㧸
㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾
㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷
㧯㧸㧻㧯㧷‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀
㧯㧻㧹㧹㧱㧺㨀‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀

2 Press the down button to select “CLOCK ᵏ  㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


SET”.
㧭㧾
㧷㧹
㧯㧻㧹㧼㧭㧾㧱
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧝
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧞
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧟
㧲㨁㧺㧯㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧯㧻㧹㧹㨁㧺㧵㧯㧭㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧿㧭㧳㧵㨀㨀㧭㧸
㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾
㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷
㧯㧸㧻㧯㧷‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀
㧯㧻㧹㧹㧱㧺㨀‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀

3 Press the execute button to display the


CLOCK screen.
The CLOCK screen is displayed.
The year is highlighted, indicating the currently
selected, changeable items.

A highlight indicates that the item is being


selected at the moment.

95
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

4 Press the up button or down button to


move the highlight to an item to be changed.

5 Press the right button or the left button to change the setting.

Right button Increases the number.

Left button Decreases the number.

To change the time format:

/ Change the time format between the 24-hour and 12-hour.

Changes the date format in the order of Y/ M/ D, M/ D/ Y, D/ M/ Y...

6 Repeat Steps 4 to 5 to set the date and time.

7 After entering the date and time, press the exit button to exit from clock setting
mode.
As soon as the exit button is pressed, the internal clock is updated to the set date and
time.
The screen returns to the PARAMETER SETTING screen.

8 Press the exit button to return to the measurement screen.

{ Battery recharging:
The battery is rechargeable. When you are operating the device for the first time after
unpacking or when the device has not been operated for a long time (approximately one
month or longer), the battery is discharged, and the internal clock may go wrong.
In such a case, turn on the device and leave it on to recharge the battery. The battery needs
24 hours for a full charge.
If the device is used for 8 hours a day, the device will have to be kept on for three days
before the battery is fully recharged. Once the battery is fully recharged, the device operates
normally for daily use.
(The lithium battery is not user replaceable.)

96
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

2.13.4 Entering comments


Comments to be printed can be changed (factory setting: “NIDEK ARK-530A”/ “NIDEK ARK-510A”).

1 Press and hold the parameter button for ᵏ  㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳


about a second.
㧭㧾
The PARAMETER SETTING screen is dis- 㧷㧹
㧯㧻㧹㧼㧭㧾㧱
played. 㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧝
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧞
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧟
㧲㨁㧺㧯㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧯㧻㧹㧹㨁㧺㧵㧯㧭㨀㧵㧻㧺 2
㧿㧭㧳㧵㨀㨀㧭㧸
㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾
㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷
㧯㧸㧻㧯㧷‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀
㧯㧻㧹㧹㧱㧺㨀‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀

2 Press the down button to select “COMMENT


ᵏ  㧼㧭㧾㧭㧹㧱㨀㧱㧾‫ޓޓ‬㧿㧱㨀㨀㧵㧺㧳
SET”.
㧭㧾
㧷㧹
㧯㧻㧹㧼㧭㧾㧱
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧝
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧞
㧼㧾㧵㧺㨀㧟
㧲㨁㧺㧯㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧯㧻㧹㧹㨁㧺㧵㧯㧭㨀㧵㧻㧺
㧿㧭㧳㧵㨀㨀㧭㧸
㧾㧱㧭㧰㧱㧾
㧺㧱㨀㨃㧻㧾㧷
㧯㧸㧻㧯㧷‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀
㧯㧻㧹㧹㧱㧺㨀‫ޓ‬㧿㧱㨀

3 Press the execute button to display the SET


COMMENT screen.
The SET COMMENT screen is displayed.
In the lower part of the screen, the currently
entered comments are displayed.

4 Press the right button or left button to


select the position where a character is entered
or changed.
The cursor indicates the position where a char-
acter is entered or changed.
Up to 24 characters can be entered in two lines.

Move the cursor to the desired position.

97
OPERATING PROCEDUREParameter Settings

5 Enter comments with the following buttons.


After moving the cursor of the character list to the desired character, press the OK button
to confirm its entry.
The following buttons are available:

Moves the character to be input (cursor) in the character list field to the left.
Moves the character to be input (cursor) in the character list field to the
right.
Determines the character to be entered and moves the cursor to the next
position.
Erases the character at the cursor position and moves the cursor to the
previous position.
It is also possible to erase characters by entering a space (SP).

Test prints the comments only.

6 Repeat Steps 4 to 5 to enter the desired comments.

7 After entering comments, press the exit button to exit from comment setting mode.
Press the exit button to save the entered comments.
The screen returns to the PARAMETER SETTING screen.

8 Press the exit button to return to the measurement screen.

• When the start button is held down with the SET COMMENT screen displayed, comments
return to the default setting (“NIDEK ARK-530A”/ “NIDEK ARK-510A”).

98
3. OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTED

The ARK-530A/ARK-510A exports data to an external device such as the NIDEK motorized refractor
(hereafter referred to as RT) and computer.
It also imports data from the NIDEK lensmeter (hereafter referred to as LM).

CAUTION • Be sure to turn off each device before connecting a communication cable.
Connecting the cable with the power on may cause malfunction.

3.1 Connecting to the NIDEK Motorized Refractor (RT) or Computer


3

3.1.1 Outline
Any data printed can be exported to the RT or a computer.
The AR data transmitted to the RT is used as objective measurement values in the subjective tests.
Connectable devices: RT-1200 series, RT-2100 series, RT-5100
Data transmitted to a computer can be managed by various database software.

Subjective refraction

Objective measurement

AR data

Test based on LM data and


objective values

NIDEK motorized refractor

AR data Managed by database soft-


KM data ware
Data output to RT

Computer

• Data communication is performed through RS-232C interface.


• Communication via LAN is possible to a computer.

99
OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTEDConnecting to the NIDEK Motorized Refractor (RT) or Computer

3.1.2 RS-232C connection

{ Connecting procedure

1 Connect the RT (or a computer) to the data output port ( ) of the ARK-530A/ARK-
510A via a communication cable (optional).
Connect the cable with the device on its side.
Attach a ferrite core (optional) to the end of the communication cable connected to the ARK-
530A/ARK-510A.

Ferrite core (optional)

RS-232C cable (optional)

To RT or computer

{ Operating procedure

1 After measurement, press the print button .


Perform the printing process in the standard manner.
See “2.2 Preparation for Measurement” (page 24) for the measuring method.
See “2.12 Printing” (page 69) for printing.

2 The ARK-530A/ARK-510A automatically transmits data to the RT (or computer).


When the ARK-530A/ARK-510A is connected to the RT, it receives data No. (ID No.) from the RT.
When the ARK-530A/ARK-510A is connected to a computer, it does not receive data No. (ID No.).

3 The measured data is printed.


When the ARK-530A/ARK-510A is connected to the RT, the data No. (ID No.) is also printed.

• To disconnect the communication cable,


press the button on the connector. Button

When the cable is connected, the button is


located on the underside of the connector.

100
OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTEDConnecting to the NIDEK Motorized

3.1.3 Network connection (LAN)

{ Connecting procedure

1 Connect a computer to the LAN port on the underside of the ARK-530A/ARK-510A


via a LAN cable.
Connect the cable with the device on its side.

LAN

Hub

3
LAN cable

Computer

The ARK-530A/ARK-510A and the parameters are set under approval of the network admin-
istrator of the facility.
For the parameter setting, see “2.13.2 Setting and confirming the network communication
function (LAN)” (page 91).
NIDEK service personnel perform all the connections.

{ Operating procedure

1 After measurement, press the print button .


Perform the printing process in the standard manner.
See “2.2 Preparation for Measurement” (page 24) for the measuring procedure.
See “2.12 Printing” (page 69) for printing.

2 The ARK-530A/ARK-510A automatically transmits data to the computer.


The measured data is printed.

101
OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTEDConnecting to the NIDEK Auto Lensmeter (LM)

3.2 Connecting to the NIDEK Auto Lensmeter (LM)

3.2.1 Outline
The ARK-530A/ARK-510A imports data measured with the NIDEK lensmeter, and prints the LM data
(lensmeter readings). It also exports the LM data to the connected RT. (The lensmeter provided with
this function is needed.)
Connectable devices: LM-500, LM-970, LM-990/990A, LM-1000/1000P, LM-1200
The LM data transmitted to the RT is used as previous eyeglass lens values in the subjective test.

Objective measurement Subjective refraction

Measurement of glasses

LM, AR
LM data data

Test based on LM data


Printing LM data and objective values

3.2.2 Connecting procedure

1 Connect the data input port ( ) of the ARK-530A/ARK-510A to the lensmeter (LM) via
a communication cable (optional).
Connect the cable with the device on its side.
Attach a ferrite core (optional) to the end of the communication cable connected to the ARK-
530A/ARK-510A.

2 Connect the data output port ( ) of the ARK-530A/ARK-510A to the RT via a commu-
nication cable (optional).
Attach a ferrite core (optional) to the end of the communication cable connected to the ARK-
530A/ARK-510A.

102
OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTEDConnecting to the NIDEK Auto Lensmeter

Communication cable
(optional)

To LM

Ferrite cores
(optional)
To RT

3.2.3 Operating procedure

1 After lens measurement with the LM, press the print button on the LM.

2 The ARK-530A/ARK-510A receives lensmeter readings from the LM.

• When the device communicates with the LM, set the communication parameters of each
device as follows. See the operator’s manual for the setting method of each device.
[Settings of ARK-530A/ARK-510A]
73. BAUD-RATE = 9600
74. BIT LENGTH = 8
76. LM DATA PRINT = YES
[Settings of NIDEK lensmeter]
PRINTER = COM PRINT
RS-232C = NIDEK
Baud Rate = 9600
Parity = Odd
Data Bits = 8
Stop Bits = 1

3 The LM data is printed and data is transmitted to the RT.

103
OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTEDReading Patient ID

3.3 Reading Patient ID

Read patient ID using a barcode scanner or magnetic card reader.


The read patient ID numbers are printed on the ARK-530A/ARK-510A as well as the measured data.

• Although patient ID can be read before or after measurement, it is advisable to read it


before printing the measured data.
If patient ID is read after measured data has been printed and is still displayed, the device consid-
ers the displayed data to be that of a former patient and erases it automatically.
• The ARK-530A/ARK-510A considers the patient ID entered before printing to be the ID of
the printed data.
If an incorrect patient ID is entered, re-enter the correct ID.

3.3.1 Connecting procedure of barcode scanner / magnetic card reader

CAUTION • Never connect devices other than the optional barcode sacnner or magnetic card
reader to the ARK-530A/ARK-510A.
ID cannot be read correctly or device malfunction may result.

Connect the barcode scanner or magnetic card reader to the USB-A port at the underside of
the device.
Attach a ferrite core (optional) to the end of the communication cable connected to the ARK-
530A/ARK-510A.

Magnetic card reader

Ferrite core (optional)

Barcode scanner

• A beep sounds when the device is turned on with the barcode scanner or magnetic card
reader connected.
The beep indicates that connection is correct.

104
OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTEDReading Patient ID

3.3.2 Operating procedure of barcode scanner

1 Place the scanner window over the barcode.

Scanner window

Trigger button

3
2 Press the trigger button.
Confirmation LED
The scanner window blinks in red and the bar-
code is read.
When the barcode has been read successfully,
the confirmation LED lights up and the scanner
emits a short beep.

When the barcode has been read successfully,


the ARK-530A/RK-510A displays the ID
icon indicating that the patient ID has been
entered.
When the Eye Care card is not inserted, the ID
number is displayed instead of the ID icon .

ID icon

• For the barcode, use "CODE39".


• For the patient ID, alphanumeric characters, “_” and “-” symbols can be used.
Other symbols are not recognized by the ARK-530A/ARK-510A. All the unrecognized symbols are
converted to “~”.

105
OPERATION WHEN PERIPHERAL DEVICES ARE CONNECTEDReading Patient ID

3.3.3 Operating procedure of magnetic card reader

1 Swipe the card with the magnetic card reader.


A beep sounds and the green LED goes out.
When the card has been read successfully, Card
the LED lights up.

When the card has been read successfully,


the ARK-530A/ARK-510A displays the ID
icon indicating that the patient ID has been
entered.
When the Eye Care card is not inserted, the ID
number is displayed instead of the ID icon .

ID icon

• Use a magnetic card utilizing a magnetic stripe format compliant with ISO 7811, AAMVA,
CA DMV.
• For the patient ID, alphanumeric characters, “_” and “-” symbols can be used.
Other symbols are not recognized by the ARK-530A/ARK-510A. All the unrecognized symbols are
converted to “~”.

106
4. MAINTENANCE

4.1 Troubleshooting

In the event that the device does not work correctly, correct the problem according to the following
table before contacting NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

Symptom Remedy
• The power cord may not be correctly connected.
The LCD does not turn on. Reconnect it securely.
• The power switch may not have been turn on. Check the power switch.

The LCD does not turn on (not clear) • The sleep function may have been executed. Try to recover the monitor
even though the power is on. ON condition by pressing any button.

The screen disappears suddenly.


• Sleep mode may have been activated. Press any button to exit from
sleep mode.
4
The main body cannot be moved • The locking lever may be locked.
laterally. Flip up the locking lever.

• Check the printer paper. If the paper has been used up, load new printer
paper.
Data is not printed out.
• The 31. PRINT parameter may be set to NO.
Reset the parameter.

The printer does operate, however, • The printer paper may be loaded with the wrong side up.
printed results cannot be obtained. Set it with the correct side up.

When the power is turned on or the • Check that the printer cover is securely closed.
Open the printer cover and close it securely.
print button is pressed, “ERROR”
• The print button may have been pressed too soon after the printer cover
or “NO PAPER” appears even though was closed.
printer paper is loaded. After the printer cover is closed, it takes time for the printer to be ready.

• Printer paper may be loaded in a tilted position or the core of the roll may
not be placed properly.
Printer paper does not feed.
Open the printer cover and make sure that printer paper is properly
loaded.

107
MAINTENANCETroubleshooting

Symptom Remedy
• The auto tracking function or auto shot function may not have been
turned on.

Turn them on with the auto button .


• Room illumination may be reflecting on the cornea.
Change the location and try measurement again.
• The auto tracking function or auto shot function may not work on some
eyes such as keratoconus or recently-operated cornea.
In such cases, turn off the auto tracking function and start
The auto tracking function or auto measurement.
shot function does not work. • The patient who has substantial ocular ataxia or who cannot fixate his or
her eyes, the auto tracking function may not work.
In such cases, turn off the auto tracking function and start
measurement.
• If the device is installed in the vicinity of a window where the device is
exposed to sunshine, light interference may adversely affect these
functions.
Change the installed position of the device and start measurement
again.

“PD ERR” is displayed on the screen. • Make sure that the PD measuring window is not blocked.
• The patient may have blinked during measurement.
Instruct the patient not to blink and try measurement again.
• The eyelid or eyelashes may obstruct measurement.
Instruct the patient to open his/her eye wider.
If the patient cannot open wider, lift the patient’s lid, paying attention not
A measurement error appears.
to press against the eyeball.
• The pupil may be too small for measurement.
Have the patient sit in a dark room for a while until the pupil enlarges
enough and try measurement again.
• The data may exceed the measurable limit.

• Clean the measuring window.


“CHECK MEASURING WINDOW.” is See “4.6.1 Cleaning the measuring window” (page 118).
printed out at device start-up. • If the measuring window is not dirty, make sure that the measuring
window is not blocked at device start-up.

If the symptom cannot be corrected with the above actions, contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

108
MAINTENANCEError Messages and Countermeasures

4.2 Error Messages and Countermeasures

If one of the following error codes is displayed on the screen or printed out, follow the suggestions in
the cause and countermeasure column.
The error code, detailed indications and serial number of your device are helpful in proper servicing.

Error code Cause and countermeasure


• Data error of backup memory (EEPROM)
Data loss due to exogenous noise such as static electricity or malfunction of electric circuit
ERR001 board or EEPROM on the electric circuit board is probable.
• If the same error code is displayed again even after the device is turned off and on again, shut off
the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

• Date and time setting error


The built-in battery has been discharged after about one month or longer of nonuse, and the
date and time settings went wrong, or malfunction of electric circuit board or timer IC on the
ERR002
electric circuit board is probable.
• If the same error code is displayed again even after the date and time are reset in the parameter
setting mode, shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.
4
• Error related to the PD measurement
Malfunction of the PD sensor or LED is probable.
PD ERR
• Make sure that the PD measuring window is not blocked.
• Shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.
• Error related to control signals for communication (output port)
ERR011 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to control signals for communication (output port)


ERR012 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to communication data (output port)


ERR013 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.
• Error related to communication data (output port)
ERR014 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the parameters related to communication are properly set.

• Error related to communication data (output port)


ERR015 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to communication data (output port)


ERR016 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.
• Error related to communication data (output port)
ERR017 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to communication data (output port)


ERR018 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication are properly set.

• Error related to communication data (output port)


NO DAT Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

109
MAINTENANCEError Messages and Countermeasures

Error code Cause and countermeasure


• Error related to control signals for communication (input port)
ERR021 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the input port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to control signals for communication (input port)


ERR022 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the input port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.
• Error related to control signals for communication (input port)
ERR023 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the input port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to control signals for communication (input port)


ERR024 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the input port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to control signals for communication (input port)


ERR025 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the input port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.
• Error related to communication data (output port)
ERR026 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to communication data (output port)


ERR027 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to communication data (output port)


ERR028 Ensure that the communication cable is properly connected to the output port.
• Also ensure that the communication parameters are properly set.

• Error related to the up-and-down tracking


Malfunction of the up-and-down motor, up-and-down sensor, electric circuit board, or break in
ERR031
cables is probable.
• Shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.
• Error related to left-to-right tracking
Malfunction of the right-to-left motor, right-to-left sensor, electric circuit board, or break in cables
ERR032
is probable.
• Shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

• Error related to the forward-and-backward tracking


Malfunction of the forward-and-backward motor, forward-and-backward sensor, electric circuit,
ERR033
or break in cables is probable.
• Shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

• Error related to the motorized chinrest


Malfunction for the chinrest motor, motorized chinrest sensor, or electric circuit board, or break
ERR034
in cables is probable.
• Shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.
• Error related to the printer
If the printer is short of paper, refill paper.
NO PAPER If the printer cover is open, close it securely.
• If the same error code is displayed even after the replacement of printer paper roll, shut off the
device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

• Error related to the printer


ERR043 Malfunction of the printer, electric circuit board, or break in cables is probable.
• Shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

110
MAINTENANCEError Messages and Countermeasures

Error code Cause and countermeasure


• Error related to the motor sensor
ERR101 Malfunction of the motor or sensor is probable.
• Shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

• Error related to the temperature sensor


Malfunction of the electric circuit board or temperature sensor on the electric circuit board is
ERR111
probable.
• Shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.
• Error related to the AR motor
ERR112 Malfunction of the AR motor is probable.
• Shut off the device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

• Error related to an Eye Care card


ERR501 Malfunction of the Eye Care card is probable.
• Replace the Eye Care card and write data again.

• Error related to an Eye Care card


ERR502 The card was removed while writing.
• Insert the Eye Care card and write data again.
• Error related to an Eye Care card
ERR503
• Insert the Eye Care card and write data again. 4
• Error related to a connecting device
A USB device connected to the USB-A connector was not properly recognized.
ERR601 • Check the connecting cable for connection.
• If the same error code is displayed even after another USB device is connected, shut off the
device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

• Error related to a connecting device


ERR602 The device was started with a USB device other than the optional barcode scanner connected.
• Disconnect the connected device and start the device again.

Network communication

Error code Cause and countermeasure


ERR700 • Error related to Windows file sharing

• Error related to IC board


IC was damaged by any cause such as electrostatic discharge.
ERR703
• If the same error code is displayed even after the device is turned on again, turn off power to the
device and contact NIDEK or your authorized distributor.

• Error related to DHCP


ERR704
The IP address cannot be obtained.
• Error related to network access
Enabling access to the network may require some time after the device start-up.
ERR750
• Check the LAN cable connection and the IP address and subnet mask in the network setting in
the Utility screen.

• Error related to network writing


Write-protection is enabled or no free space is left.
ERR751
• Check whether write permission is granted to the destination folder in the PC and sufficient free
space is left.

111
MAINTENANCEError Messages and Countermeasures

• Error related to the computer name


ERR754 Computer with the specified name does not exist.
• Check the connection of the LAN cable. Or check that the specified PC name is correct.
• Error related to the read-only attribute
ERR755 The shared folder in the computer is designated as read-only and cannot be written to.
• Disable the write-protection on the shared folder.

• Error related to log on


ERR756 Logging on to the PC is not allowed. (The user name or password is incorrect.)
• Check the user name and password and input correctly.

• Error related to the shared folder


ERR757 The shared folder does not exist. (The name of the shared folder is incorrect.)
• Check the folder name and whether the folder is set to share.
• Error related to time-out
ERR758 The PC did not finish the process in a specified time.
• Send the data again.

• Error related to deletion


ERR759 The data cannot be deleted. (Deletion was attempted for data with the read-only attribute.)
• Disable write-protection.

• Error indicating that the network initiation is not complete (The initialization requires some time
ERR760 after the device startup.)
• Retry access to the network later.
• Error indicating that access is not allowed
ERR761 Folder sharing setting is improper.
• Check the setting for the file sharing of the computer.

• Error related to the account


ERR762 The account is disabled. (The user setting is improper.)
• Check the network setting of the device.

• Error related to the cable connection


ERR771 The LAN cable is not connected.
• Connect the cable or check that connection is proper.

• Reply error
ERR772 The file is deleted within 5 seconds or not renamed.
• Check that the capture software on the PC is properly activated.

112
MAINTENANCEReplacing Printer Paper

4.3 Replacing Printer Paper

When a red line appears on the side of printer paper, it means that paper is running short.
In such a case, stop using the printer and replace printer paper with new one.

• Do not run the printer when printer paper is not loaded.


It may ruin the printer head.
• Do not pull the paper in the printer forcefully.
This may cause malfunction of the printer.

1 Press the cover open button to open the printer


cover.

2 Remove the used printer paper.

CAUTION • Do not touch the printer head at the top of the opened printer cover.
The printer head is hot right after printing and you may get burned.

113
MAINTENANCEReplacing Printer Paper

3 Insert new printer paper.


Load printer paper as shown in the picture on the
right.
Set printer paper so that its end is exposed from the
cover.

• If the roll is loaded in such a way that paper becomes upside down, it is not possible to print
data out.
• Be sure that printer paper is not loaded in a tilted position or the core of the roll is properly
placed.
Printer paper may not be fed properly.

4 Push the printer cover toward the main body.


Press the printer cover at both ends to close the
cover securely.

• Be sure that the cover is securely closed.


If the cover is insecurely closed, the auto cutter may not operate properly. In addition, when the
print button is pressed, “ERROR” or “NO PAPER” may appear and printing will not occur.

114
MAINTENANCEFixing Chinrest Paper

4.4 Fixing Chinrest Paper

1 Disconnect the two fixing pins from the chinrest.

2 Remove a proper number of chinrest papers from the pack.


The whole pack of chinrest paper cannot be fixed. Be sure to fix a stack with a thickness of 6
mm of less.
Pay attention not to scatter chinrest paper.

3 Pass the fixing pins through chinrest paper.


Fixing pin
Pass the fixing pins through both holes of the
stack of paper. Chinrest paper

4 Fix the stack of chinrest paper onto the chinrest.


1) Insert the pins into the holes in the chinrest while holding both fixing pins and stack of
paper.
2) Push the pins into the holes of the chinrest.

115
MAINTENANCEChecking the AR/KM Measurement Accuracy

4.5 Checking the AR/KM Measurement Accuracy

To check the accuracy of measured data, use the provided spherical model eye for R/K measurement.
The spherical model eye is incorporated with a contact lens holder.

1 Remove the two fixing pins and remove the


stack of chinrest paper from the chinrest.

2 Remove the cap from the spherical model eye


and put the model eye on the chinrest with its
lens toward the measuring window and then
insert the fixing pins.
Check the lens surface of the model eye for
soiling.

3 Align the level of the spherical model eye for R/K measurement with the eye level marker
with the chinrest up/down button or .

4 Set the 1. STEP parameter to 0.01 D.


See “2.13 Parameter Settings” (page 74) for the parameter setting method.

5 Perform AR and KM measurements in the same manner as normal AR and KM mea-


surements.

• If the measured result is higher than the value indicated on the model eye, contact NIDEK
or your authorized distributor.
• Always store the model eye with the cap on.
If the lens surface is soiled or flawed, measurement accuracy cannot be properly checked.

116
MAINTENANCEChecking the AR/KM Measurement Accuracy

{ Values marked on the labels of the spherical model eye

Vertex distance
Diopter (Unit: D)

Corneal curvature radius


(Unit: mm)

• When the vertex distance is set to a value other than 12 mm (US: 13.75 mm), set the 2.
VERTEX D. parameter to 12 mm (13.75 mm) before performing AR measurement.

117
MAINTENANCECleaning

4.6 Cleaning

When the cover or panel of the device becomes dirty, clean it with a soft cloth. For severe stains, soak
the cloth in a neutral detergent, wiring well, and wipe. Finally dry with a soft, dry cloth.

CAUTION • Never use an organic solvent such as paint thinner.


It may ruin the surface of the device.

• Lightly wipe the exterior of the LCD. Do not press the LCD using an object with a
hard tip. In addition, keep magnetic objects away from the LCD.
Scratches or failure of the LCD may result.

• Never use a sponge or cloth soaked in water.


The water may leak into the inside of the device and cause device failure.

4.6.1 Cleaning the measuring window


When the measuring window gets fingerprints or dust on it, the reliability of the measured value is
impaired substantially. Check for dirt on the measuring window before use, and then clean it if it is
dirty.
The measuring window lens does not usually get soiled through normal use because it is recessed.
Only clean it when “CHECK MEASURING WINDOW.” is displayed or the lens is soiled.

1 Blow off dust on the measuring window with a blower.

2 Wrap lens cleaning paper around a thin stick


such as a chopstick (or cotton swab) and wipe
the lens of the measuring window with a material
moistened with alcohol.

Wrap cleaning paper around the tip.

• Use a thin stick which does not damage glass lenses.


• Wipe lightly from the center of the measuring window to the outside in a circular motion.

3 Wipe off the glass of the mire ring around the measuring window using gauze or such
dampened with alcohol.

118
MAINTENANCECleaning

4 Check if the window is cleaned using a penlight. If not, clean it again with new cleaning
paper.
Apply light with a penlight and change the view angle to check the dirt clearly.

Measuring window

• When the 61. WINDOW CHECK parameter is set to YES or DAY, the measuring window is
checked whether it is clean at device start-up.
YESŸ The measuring window is checked at every start-up.
DAYŸ The measuring window is checked at the first start-up of the day.
• When “CHECK MEASURING WINDOW.” is printed, clean the measuring window.
• At device start-up, do not stand or put objects in front of the measuring window.
If something blocks the front of the measuring window within the range of 1 m, the measuring win-
dow may not be checked correctly.

119
MAINTENANCEList of Replacement Parts

4.6.2 Cleaning the printer


After repeated usage, the paper slot of the auto cutter of the printer may become soiled with powdery
paper. If the powdery paper settles, malfunction of the auto cutter may result. Check the auto cutter
before using the device. Clean it if it is soiled.

1 Open the printer cover and remove the printer


paper roll.
See “4.3 Replacing Printer Paper” (page 113).

Auto cutter

2 Apply the nozzle of a vacuum cleaner to the auto cutter to remove powdery paper.
Never blow off powdery paper with a blower. If powdery paper settles on the internal working
structure, malfunction may result.

3 Supply the printer paper as it was.

4.7 List of Replacement Parts

Part name Part number Note

Printer paper 80620-00001 Width 58 mm, Length 25 m


Chinrest paper 32903-M047 Pack of chinrest paper

* After replacing consumables, restock them.

120
5. SPECIFICATIONS AND ACCESSORIES

5.1 Classifications

[Form of protection against electrical shock] Class I


The ARK-530A/ARK-510A is classified as a Class I device.
A Class I is a device in which the protection against electric shock does not rely on basic
insulation only, but which includes an additional safety precaution in such a way that means
are provided for the connection of the device to the protective (ground) conductor in the fixed
wiring of the installation in such a way that accessible metal parts can not become live in the
event of a failure in the basic insulation.
Use a power outlet which is equipped with a grounding terminal.

[Degree of protection against electrical shock] Type B applied part


The ARK-530A/ARK-510A is classified as a device with a Type B Applied Part.
A Type B Applied Part provides a particular degree of protection against electrical shock,
particularly regarding the following:
- allowable leakage currents
5
- reliability of the protective earth connection (if present)

[Degree of protection against harmful ingress of water or particular matter] IPX0*1


The ARK-530A/ARK-510A provides no protection against ingress of water or particular mat-
ter with harmful effects. Avoid splashing water or other liquids on or near the device.

[Degree of suitability for use in an oxygen rich environment]


The ARK-530A/ARK-510A is not intended for use in an oxygen rich environment.

[Method(s) of sterilization recommended by the manufacturer]


The ARK-530A/ARK-510A does not have any part to be sterilized.

[Mode of operation]
The ARK-530A/ARK-510A is a continuous operation device.

[Mode of transport]
Stationary equipment.

*1. In accordance with IEC 60529

121
SPECIFICATIONS AND ACCESSORIESSpecifications

5.2 Specifications

{ Measurement of refractive error (AR measurement)


• Spherical power (S)
-30.00 to +25.00 D (VD = 12 mm)
0.01/ 0.12/ 0.25 D increments
• Cylindrical power (C)
0 to ±12.00 D
0.01/ 0.12/ 0.25 D increments
• Cylinder axis (A) 0 to 180q
1q/ 5q increments
• Vertex distance 0 mm/ 10.5 mm/ 12 mm/ 13.75 mm/ 15 mm/ 16.5 mm
• Minimum measurable pupil diameter
I2 mm
• Relaxation of accommodating eye
Auto fogging system
• Chart Scenery chart
• Accuracy The accuracy specifications are based on the results of eye model testing performed in
accordance with ISO10342, Ophthalmic Instruments - Eye Refractometers.

Maximum scale
Criterion Measurement range Test devicea Tolerance
interval
-15 to +15 D 0 D, ±5 D, ±10 D ±0.25 D
Spherical vertex
(Maximum meridional 0.25 D
power ±15 D ±0.50 D
vertex power)
Cylindrical vertex
0 to 6 D 0.25 D Sph: approx. 0 D ±0.25 D
power
Cyl: -3 D
Cylinder axisb for Axis: 0°, 90°
0 to 180° 1° ±5°
cylinder power
a The refractive error of the test device shall not differ by more than 1.0 from the nominal value above.
b Cylinder axis shall be indicated as specified in ISO8429.

{ Measurement of corneal curvature radius (KM measurement)


• Corneal curvature radius (R1, R2, AVE)
5.00 to 13.00 mm
0.01 mm increments
Accuracy:±0.05 mm
• Corneal refractive power (R1, R2, AVE)
25.96 to 67.50 D (n = 1.3375)
0.01/ 0.12/ 0.25 D increments
n = 1.3375/ 1.336/ 1.332
• Corneal cylindrical power (CYL)
0 D to ±12.00 D
0.01/0.12/0.25 D increments

122
SPECIFICATIONS AND ACCESSORIESSpecifications

• Cylinder axis (A)


0 to 180q
1q/ 5q increments
• KM measurable area I3.3 mm (for mire ring/ corneal curvature radius of 7.7 mm)
I6.0 mm (for four points/ corneal curvature radius of 7.7 mm)
• Size of mire ring
I2 mm and I3.3 mm on the cornea (for corneal curvature radius of 7.7 mm)
• Chart Scenery chart

{ PD measurement
• Measurement range 30 to 85 mm
(Near PD: 28 to 80 mm, Near working distance = 40 cm)
1 mm increments

{ CS measurement
• Measurement range 10.0 to 14.0 mm
0.1 mm increments

{ PS measurement 5
• Measurement range 1.0 to 10.0 mm
0.1 mm increments

{ Working range of auto tracking


• Up and down ±16 mm
• Right and left ±5 mm ±2 mm
• Forward and backward ±5 mm ±2 mm
Up-and-down direction only for the ARK-510A

{ Working range of auto shot


• Up and down ±0.13 mm or less
• Right and left ±0.13 mm or less
• Forward and backward ±0.5 mm or less

{ Movable range of horizontal direction (by joystick)


• Forward and backward 36 mm or more
• Right and left 85 mm or more

123
SPECIFICATIONS AND ACCESSORIESSpecifications

{ Other functions
• Alignment/observation method
5.7-inch color LCD
• Printer Thermal line printer with auto cutter
Width 58 mm
• Interface connectors
RS-232C: Two ports (IN/OUT)
USB: One port
LAN: One port

{ Dimensions and mass


• Dimensions 260 mm (W) u 481 mm (D) u 455 mm (H)
• Mass 20 kg
• Power source AC 100 to 240 V ±10% 50/60 Hz
• Power consumption 100 VA

{ Environmental conditions (during use)


• Temperature 10 to 35ºC (50 to 95ºF)
• Humidity 30 to 90%
• Atmospheric pressure 800 to 1060 hPa

{ Environmental conditions (during transport and storage)


• Temperature –10 to 55ºC (14 to 131ºF)
• Humidity 10 to 95%
• Atmospheric pressure 700 to 1060 hPa

{ Others
• Expected service life (defined by manufacturer)
8 years from the date of initial operation
* Proper maintenance is necessary.
• Installation category II (OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORIES)
• Pollution degree 2 (IEC60664)
• Packing unit 1 unit

124
SPECIFICATIONS AND ACCESSORIESStandard Configuration

5.3 Standard Configuration

5.3.1 Standard accessories

• Printer paper 3 rolls

• Power cord 1 unit

• Dust cover 1 unit

• Pack of chinrest paper 1 unit

• Fixing pins for chinrest paper 2 units

• Operator’s manual 1 volume

• Model eye for R/K measurement/ contact lens (CL)


1 set
holder (all-in-one unit)

5.3.2 Optional accessories 5

• Eye Care card

• Barcode scanner

• Magnetic card reader

• Communication cable

125
SPECIFICATIONS AND ACCESSORIESStandard Configuration

126
6. EMC (ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY)

The device complies with the International Electrotechnical Commission standards (IEC 60601-1-2:
2007) for electromagnetic compatibility as listed in the tables below. Follow the guidance in the tables
for use of the device in an electromagnetic environment.

EMC (IEC 60601-1-2: 2007)


Guidance and manufacturer's declaration - electromagnetic emissions
The device is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of the
device should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Emissions test Compliance Electromagnetic environment - guidance

RF emissions Group 1 The device uses RF energy only for its internal function. Therefore, its
CISPR 11 RF emissions are very low and are not likely to cause any
interference in nearby electronic equipment.

RF emissions Class A The device is suitable for use in all establishments other than
CISPR 11 domestic and those directly connected to the public low-voltage
Harmonic emissions *1 power supply network that supplies buildings used for domestic
IEC 61000-3-2 purposes.

Voltage fluctuations/ *2
Flicker emissions
IEC 61000-3-3
6

*1 For the regions where the rated voltage is 220 V or greater, this device complies with class A. For the regions where
the rated voltage is 127 V or less, this standard is not applicable.
*2 For the regions where the rated voltage is 220 V or greater, this device complies with this standard. For the regions
where the rated voltage is 127 V or less, this standard is not applicable.

127
EMC (ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY)

Guidance and manufacturer's declaration - electromagnetic immunity


The device is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of the
device should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Immunity test IEC 60601 test level Compliance level Electromagnetic environment - guidance

Electrostatic ±6 kV contact ±6 kV contact Floor should be wood, concrete or ceramic tile.


Discharge (ESD) ±8 kV air ±8 kV air If floors are covered with synthetic material, the
IEC 61000-4-2 relative humidity should be at least 30%.
Electrical fast ±2 kV ±2 kV Mains power quality should be that of a typical
transient/burst for power supply lines for power supply lines commercial or hospital environment.
IEC 61000-4-4 ±1 kV ±1 kV
for input/output lines for input/output lines

Surge ±1 kV ±1 kV Mains power quality should be that of a typical


IEC 61000-4-5 differential mode differential mode commercial or hospital environment.
±2 kV ±2 kV
common mode common mode
Voltage, dips, short <5% UT <5% UT Mains power quality should be that of a typical
interruptions and (>95% dip in UT) (> 95% dip in UT) commercial or hospital environment. If the user
voltage variations for 0.5 cycles for 0.5 cycles of the device requires continued operation
on power supply 40% UT 40% UT during power mains interruptions, it is
input lines recommended that the device be powered from
(60% dip in UT) (60% dip in UT)
IEC 61000-4-11 an uninterruptible power supply or a battery.
for 5 cycles for 5 cycles
70% UT 70% UT
(30% dip in UT) (30% dip in UT)
for 25 cycles for 25 cycles
< 5% UT < 5% UT
(> 95% dip in UT) (> 95% dip in UT)
for 5 sec for 5 sec

Power frequency 3 A/m 3 A/m Power frequency magnetic fields should be at


(50/60 Hz) levels characteristic of a typical location in a
magnetic field typical commercial or hospital environment.
IEC 61000-4-8

NOTE UT is the a.c. mains voltage prior to application of the test level.

128
EMC (ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY)

Guidance and manufacturer's declaration - electromagnetic immunity


The device is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or the user of the
device should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Immunity test IEC 60601 test level Comliance level Electromagnetic environment - guidance

Portable and mobile RF communications


equipment should be used no closer to any part
of the device, including cables, than the
recommended separation distance calculated
from the equation applicable to the frequency of
the transmitter.
Recommended separation distance
Conduted RF 3 Vrms 3Vrms d=1.2 л P 150 kHz to 80 MHz
IEC 61000-4-6 150 kHz to 80 MHz (V1=3)

Radiated RF 3 V/m 3V/m d=1.2 л P 80 MHz to 800 MHz


IEC 61000-4-3 80 MHz to 2.5 GHz (E1=3) d=2.3 л P 800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
where P is the maximum output power rating of
the transmitter in watts (W) according to the
transmitter manufacturer and d is the
recommended separation distance in metres
(m).
Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as
determined by an electromagnetic site survey,a
should be less than the compliance level in
each frequency range.b 6
Interference may occur in the vicinity of
equipment marked with the following symbol:

NOTE 1 At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2 These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by absorption and
reflection from structures, objects and people.
a
Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio (cellular/cordless) telephones and land mobile
radios, amateur radio, AM and FM radio broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted theoretically with accuracy.
To assess the electromagnetic environment due to fixed RF transmitters, an electromagnetic site survey should be
considered. If the measured field strength in the location in which the device is used exceeds the applicable RF
compliance level above, the device should be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is
observed, additional measures may be necessary, such as reorienting or relocating the device.
b
Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less than 3 V/m.

129
EMC (ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY)

Recommended separation distances


between portable and mobile RF communications equipment and the device

The device is intended for use in an electromagnetic environment in which radiated RF disturbances are controlled. The
customer or the user of the device can help prevent electromagnetic interference by maintaining a minimum distance
between portable and mobile RF communications equipment (transmitters) and the device as recommended below,
according to the maximum output power of the communications equipment.

Separation distance according to frequency of transmitter


Rated maximum output m
power of transmitter
W 150 kHz to 80 MHz 80 MHz to 800 MHz 800 MHz to 2.5 GHz
d=1.2 л P d=1.2 л P d=2.3 л P
0.01 0.12 0.12 0.23

0.1 0.38 0.38 0.73


1 1.2 1.2 2.3
10 3.8 3.8 7.3

100 12 12 23

For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation distance
d in metres (m) can be estimated using the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter, where P
is the maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter
manufacturer.
NOTE 1 At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2 These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by
absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people.

130
7. GLOSSARY

QAI mode
Measurement automatically completes after over the specified number of measurements if the data is
stable without variations in the AR measurement.
When unstable data is included, additional measurements are necessary until stable data is obtained.

QAR median value


The spherical equivalent (SE) value is obtained from respective data. The middle SE value is obtained
when the values are arranged in order in the computer. The SPH median value is calculated by the fol-
lowing equation based on the obtained middle value.
SPH median value = (Middle SE value) – (Middle CYL value/2)
The CYL and AXIS median values are taken to be the middle values when arranged in order. If the
measured data is two values or less, then the latest value is selected.

Q Auto shot
This function automatically starts measurement as soon as the eye is aligned and focused.

QAuto tracking, auto focusing


A function that automatically controls up, down, right, and left movements for alignment and forward
and backward movements for focusing.
The ARK-510A performs auto tracking in the up-and-down direction only.

Q Cataract measurement mode


If abnormal optical reflection is detected or the auto shot function does not work, measurement criteria
is changed automatically so that even cataract or abnormal eyes can be measured.

Q Comments
Characters and symbols can be freely entered. Up to 24 characters per line with a maximum of two
lines can be entered.

Q Confidence index
7
The confidence index is displayed in six levels (9, 8, 7, 6, 5 or E). The lower the confidence index, the
larger the effect of irregular astigmatism. E is erroneous data.

Q Contact lens conversion value


The value from which the AR median values (the latest values when the median values have not been
obtained) are converted into CL values, with the vertex distance (VD) at 0 mm.

Q CS
Abbreviation of Corneal Size.

QExpected service life


A period of time beyond which the reliability and safety of the system cannot be guaranteed
even with normal use and regular maintenance that involves proper exchange of mainte-
nance and consumable parts, repair, and overhaul.

QEyeprint
Graphically depicts the patient’s refractive status based on the AR median values (the latest values
when the median values have not been obtained).

131
GLOSSARY

QFogging
Blurs the patient’s view to prevent focus in order to eliminate accommodation.

QKM median value


The middle value of measurements which are arranged in order in the computer. The latest values are
selected when the measured data is two or less.

QLimit indicator
When the main body moves out of the working range of auto tracking, the limit indicator (arrows) is
displayed on the screen.

Q Minimum pupil circle


Indicates the minimum pupil size measurable.

Q Near working distance


Distance between the eye and the vision target, when one views the target through reading glasses or
multifocal glasses.

QPD
Abbreviation of Pupillary Distance.

Q PD for near vision


Prospective PD for near vision, which is calculated by the preset near working distance of 40 cm
(factory setting).

Q PS
Abbreviation of Pupil Size.

QSE (Spherical Equivalent) value


The value that is 1/2 of the cylindrical power added to the spherical power. Calculated for the AR
median values (the latest values when the median values have not been obtained) and CL conversion
values.

QSleep mode
After the preset time of non-actuation, the screen is automatically shut off to save power consumption.
Pressing any button restores the TV to the ON condition.

QTrial lens data


Based on the AR median values, these are the values that were converted automatically from the cyl-
inder values so that the sphere values for the trial lens become smaller.

QVertex distance
The distance between the corneal vertex to the posterior surface of spectacle lenses.

132
8. INDEX

A K

AI mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 KM median value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132


AR median value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 KM peripheral measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Auto button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Auto shot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26131
L
Auto shot icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Auto tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2637 LAN port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Auto tracking icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 LCD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Limit indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29132
Locking lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
C

CAT measurement mode icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


M
Cataract measurement mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Chinrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Manual measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Chinrest up/down button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Manual mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Clear button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Manual mode button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Measured values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Confidence index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Memory indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Contact lens conversion value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Minimum pupil circle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9132
Cover open button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Mire ring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
CS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
CS indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
P
CYL mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 927
Packing mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
E Page button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Parameter button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Error messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Patient’s eye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Eye Care card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 PD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Eye Care card icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 PD indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Eye Care card slot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 PD window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Eye level marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Power switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Eyeprint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Print button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Eyeprint button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Printer cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
PS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
PS indication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
F

Focusing indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
R
Fogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Forehead rest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 R/K button. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Full screen button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Ring image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Function buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ring image enlargement button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
RS-232C port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
I
S
ID icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Inlet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Sagittal radius measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
SE value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Sleep mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
J
Start button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Joystick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

133
INDEX

Target . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Trial lens data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132

USB-A port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

Vision comparison button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

134