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# UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER JANUARI-JUNI 2019

## NAMA : NOVI KRISDAYANTI

NIM : 17029171
MATA KULIAH : STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA
PROGRAM STUDI : PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA
WAKTU : 120 MENIT
DOSEN : SRI ELNIATI, MA.

## 1. Describe in your word the concept of learning in constructivism. Complete with an

example!
Constructivism assumes that knowledge is the contruct by man human.According to
constructivism, knowledge cannot be transferred from someone to someone else and he
teacher as a facilitator that facilitates students to learn and contruct their own knowledge.
So student knowledge is not only obtained through an explanation from the teacher but
also from the student himself to construct knowledge that must to know.
Example: In learning mathematics about geometry, we will find out about cube,
coboid, prisms, tubes and others. When the teacher give a picture about geometry with
more than one geometry, then there is the student begins to think about how the students
can get results from the surface area of the geometry by by finding out what possible two-
dimentional figure.

## 2. Descrbe what do you think about generic teaching skills.

Generic teaching skills are generic skills that must be mastered by every teacher,
regardless of the class leve. Generic teaching skills are complex skills, which are
basically the integration of various skills.
a. Opened and closed skill
b. Questioning skill
c. Giving reinforcement skill
d. Making variations skill
e. Explaining skill

3. Choose one mathematics topic in JHS or SHS. Describe learning steps with Saintific
Approach. Integrate that approach with one of learning model. Mark the learner’s
activities that reflect efforts to develop 4C
4. Design a problem which is Open-Ended. Solve that problem and argue that the problem
is Open-Ended.
In the theater the seats are arranged with the front row consisting of 12 seats, the second
row consists of 14 seats, the third row 16 seats and the next increases 2 seats. The number
of seats in the last row is ...
Solution:
Given :
The first row is 12 seats
Second row 14 seats
Third row 16 seats

Answer 1: if the building can contain 10 rows of seats, then many seats in the 10th
row are
Line :1 2 3 ... n
Sum :12 14 16 ... 2n + 10
many seats in the 10th row are = 2n + 10 = 2.10 + 10 = 30
So, many seats in the 10th row are 30 seats

Answer 2: if the building can contain 40 rows of seats, then many seats in the 40th
row are
Line :1 2 3 ... n
Sum : 12 14 16 ... 2n + 10
many seats on the 40th row are = 2n + 10 = 2.40 + 10 = 90
So, many seats in the 40th row are 90 seats

The question I made is an open ended problem because the problem has many solutions.
But the process is the same.

## 5. Design mathematics learning which describes the implementation of generic teaching

skills : open the lerning, questioning, giving reinforcement, explaining and closing the
learning.

Opening skill
Teacher: Good moring
Student: Good morning,Miss
Teacher: How are you today?
Student: Alhamdulillah, it's amazing
Teacher: Well, before we start learning today, it's good that we pray according to our
respective religions and beliefs. Come on, the class leader leads the prayer
Student: before start to learning today lets pray together, pray begins.
(pray)
Student: finish
Teacher: Anyone who is not present today?
Student: Nothing miss

Questioning skills
Teacher: Do you still remember what we learned about? Pattern of a number sequence.
Well today we will learn about the arithmetic sequence. What is arithmetic
sequence?
Student: Arithmetic sequence is a sequence that has a difference between two tribes.
Teacher: What difference do you think?
Students: Have always the same difference between two consecutive tribes.

## Giving reinforcement skill

Teacher: Exactly right. So the arithmetic sequence is a sequence that has a difference
between two consecutive tribes always the same. What do you think the
arithmetic sequence is around us?
Student: Fruit arrangement in the supermarket ma'am
Student: Chair at the soccer stadium, ma'am
Teacher: Very good
(The teacher gives an explanation of the arithmetic sequence)

Closing skill
Teacher: Is there something you want to ask? Okay, nothing. already understand. I think,
our learning today is over. Anyone want to give a conclusion?
Student: Arithmetic sequence is a sequence that has a difference between two consecutive
terms always the same or fixed. The number of nth terms is Un = a + (n-1) b
Teacher: absolutely right. I feel so for today, good morning
Student: Good morning

6. Choose one mathematics topic in JHS or SHS. Describe learning steps with questioning
model and discovery.
7. Give one an example of : fact, principle, conceptual understanding and skill/procedure.