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C 273 E/286 Official Journal of the European Union EN 14.11.


Thursday 26 September 2002

2. Member States shall permit the placing on the market and/or putting into service of products which
comply with the rules in force in their territory on the date of entry into force of this Directive, as follows:

(a) until 31 December 2004 for the products falling under Article 1(1)(a);

(b) until 31 December 2004 for compression ignition and 4-stroke spark ignition engines; and,

(c) until 31 December 2005 for 2-stroke spark ignition engines.

3. When Member States adopt the measures referred to in paragraph 1, they shall contain a reference to
this Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference on the occasion of their official publication. The
methods of making such reference shall be laid down by Member States.

4. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the provisions of national law
which they adopt in the field governed by this Directive.

Article 5

Member States shall determine the penalties applicable to breaches of the national provisions adopted
pursuant to this Directive. The penalties shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive.

Article 6

This Directive shall enter into force on the day of its publication in the Official Journal of the European

Article 7

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at …, on …

For the European Parliament For the Council

The President The President


Outcome of sustainable development summit

European Parliament resolution on the outcome of the World Summit on Sustainable Devel-
opment (WSSD) in Johannesburg

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the outcome of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johan-
nesburg from 26 August to 4 September 2002 and, in particular, the plan of implementation adopted,

 having regard to the statements by the Council and Commission,

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 having regard to its resolutions of 16 May 2002 on the Commission communication to the European
Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions
entitled ‘Towards a global partnership for sustainable development’ (1) and on the communication
from the Commission to the Council and European Parliament entitled ‘Ten years after Rio: preparing
for the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002’ (2) and to the demands set out in these

 having regard to the conduct of negotiations by the Commission immediately prior to and during the

A. whereas the need to ensure sustainable development is one of the key challenges facing both devel-
oped and developing countries in the years to come,

B. whereas collective responsibility is needed in order to strengthen the interdependent and mutually
reinforcing pillars of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental
protection  at local, national, regional and global levels,

C. whereas sustainable development has economic, social and environmental components, and a proper
balance needs to be struck between these components,

D. whereas environmental, public health and development objectives are not contradictory but involve
important synergies,

E. whereas the 1992 Rio Earth Summit set ambitious new objectives for sustainable development and
created a new international legal framework in such fields as climate change and biodiversity,

F. whereas the Rio objectives have been inadequately implemented and that certain problems have been
alleviated but others have become more serious over the last 10 years,

G. whereas the WSSD was meant to give a new impetus at world level to tackling these problems,
notably by reaffirming old objectives and establishing new ones, but also setting new targets and
timetables, promoting new partnership agreements and establishing appropriate monitoring and
implementation mechanisms,

H. whereas the European Union came to Johannesburg with an ambitious agenda to achieve the above
objectives; whereas the developing countries shared some but not all of these objectives; whereas the
United States put its emphasis on so-called ‘type 2’ partnership agreements and was resolutely
opposed to the establishment of most new targets and timetables,

I. whereas the European Union’s ambitious agenda could, therefore, only be partially achieved,

J. whereas the outcome in Johannesburg, relatively limited though it was, will now have to be carefully
monitored and implemented, and whereas new and more far-reaching agreements will have to be
sought in other fora,

K. whereas the issue of global governance, especially world-wide environmental governance, will also
have to be re-examined,

L. whereas there should be greater parliamentary input into future such negotiations, and whereas new
agreements should be subject to greater parliamentary accountability,

M. whereas the biggest obstacle towards developing a common approach to sustainable development
between the European Union and developing nations was the issue of food subsidies, which are per-
ceived by many G-77 countries as threatening the growth of their agricultural industry,

N. whereas the growth of the population of some developing nations is so rapid as to threaten the raising
of standards of living for all,

(1) P5_TA(2002)0250.
(2) P5_TA(2002)0251.
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Outcome of the Conference

1. Notes that the WSSD concluded with the adoption of a Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable
Development as well as an accompanying plan of implementation, and that, in addition, a large number
of partnership agreements were also announced;

2. Welcomes the broad principles set down in the Johannesburg Declaration but considers that the
WSSD outcome needs to be judged, in particular, by the content of the accompanying plan of implemen-

3. Is of the opinion that especially in less developed countries there will be no sustainable development
without economic development and social cohesion; underlines therefore in this context that the fight
against poverty, a change in consumption and production patterns, and the protection and management
of natural resources are mutually reinforcing objectives of the sustainable development concept, which
need a balanced implementation towards global prosperity, security and stability;

4. Believes that globalisation has added a new dimension to these challenges, that the rapid integration
of export markets and the mobility of capital around the world have opened both new challenges and risks
for the implementation of the sustainable development concept;

5. Notes that the plan adopted has both positive and negative elements; believes, however, in general
terms, that the emphasis is more on economic, trade and development objectives than on environmental
and social objectives, and that more balanced progress was required on both sets of objectives; further
considers that the failure to establish a wider range of specific targets and timetables, as sought by the
European Union, will reduce the effectiveness of the agreement, and make it harder to monitor progress
towards meeting the general objectives of sustainable development; regrets the attitude of the US during
the Summit;

6. Welcomes, in particular, the following positive features of the WSSD plan of implementation:

 the specific target as regards halving, by the year 2015, the proportion of people who are unable to
reach or to afford safe drinking water, and who do not have access to basic sanitation;

 the agreement that chemicals should be used and produced by 2020 ‘in ways that lead to the mini-
misation of significant adverse effects on human health and the environment’;

 the agreement to restore stocks of fisheries to sustainable levels by 2015;

 the target to halve by 2015 the proportion of the world’s people suffering from extreme poverty and
hunger; notes, however, that more attention should be paid to linking the eradication of poverty with
reforms aiming at a more effective integration of rural populations, including indigenous people, in
modern forms of economic growth, especially by promoting land reforms and by developing policies
for the modernisation of real economies and technologies;

 the targets for improved health education, and for greatly reducing infant and maternal mortality rates
and HIV prevalence; and calls in this context for EU support for and close collaboration with the
newly established Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria, as well as for a more system-
atic follow-up to the action programme on reproductive health, agreed upon in Cairo 1994, which
would contribute to the improvement of maternity care, reducing child mortality rates as well as
limiting the spread of HIV/Aids;

 the formal commitments to gender mainstreaming;

7. Regrets that Kyoto Protocol had not yet been ratified by enough States to come into force by the
time of the WSSD, but welcomes the Conference’s reaffirmation of the importance of the Protocol, India’s
accession, and the undertakings by the Russian Government to subsequently ratify it and by the Canadian
and Chinese Governments to put it to their parliaments for ratification;
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8. Notes the reaffirmation of the decisions taken at Doha and Monterrey and welcomes the statement
that there should be further examination of the relationship between trade, environment and development;
further notes, however, that the current system of EU agricultural export subsidies and barriers to the
import of food from developing countries was seen as an important obstacle by many other states, and
as considerably weakening the EU’s bargaining position in other policy areas;

9. Believes that the EU must agree on a phase-out of agricultural export subsidies and the barriers to
imports of food from developing countries in order to be able to make future agreements with the devel-
oping countries;

10. Supports the emphasis given by the WSSD to the need to achieve more sustainable patterns of
consumption and production, but regrets that the EU’s proposal for a specific 10-year programme was
replaced by a weaker reference to a ‘10-year framework of programmes in support of regional and
national initiatives’;

11. Expresses its particular disappointment at the lack of any specific targets for renewable energy,
either on the lines of those proposed by the EU or the even more ambitious target mooted by Brazil;
believes that the EU must, in spite of the failure in Johannesburg, adopt an ambitious goal for renewable
energy and continue to promote actively the White Paper goal of at least 12 % renewable energy in the EU
primary energy mix by 2010; welcomes the initiative taken in Johannesburg by the Commission and the
Member States to launch a like-minded countries’ renewables initiative and asks for a regular reporting to
Parliament on the follow-up given to this initiative;

12. Expresses its concerns that although the challenges the world faces have been described, the necess-
ary determination to achieve a common action does not expressly recognise the contribution of science
and technology in sustainable development and more particularly does not promote a better understanding
of links between environment and technological developments;

13. Regrets that no real efforts were made to agree on a plan to assist developing countries in their
efforts to support technology leapfrogging, notably in relation to energy production, transportation, agri-
culture, waste management and chemicals, thereby making it possible to bypass particularly polluting steps
in the modernisation process;

14. Further regrets the insufficiently strong commitment to tackle the loss of world biodiversity and the
weak formula that was agreed of ‘achievement by 2010 of a significant reduction in the current rate of
loss’; regrets that a further statement as to the need to curb habitat destruction and the loss of biodiversity
was not made;

15. Notes the announcement of a large number of so-called ‘type 2’ partnership agreements involving
both public and private initiatives, including energy and water initiatives put forward by the European
Union; considers that such agreements can make a contribution to meeting sustainable development objec-
tives but that they need to be carefully monitored and followed up in terms of assessment of their impact
and added value, thus ensuring full accountability of all participants in such agreements; these agreements
should in all cases complement and not replace other international actions; regrets that Parliament was not
more closely consulted during the drafting process of these two partnership initiatives; asks the Commis-
sion to produce and to make available to Parliament an annual report on the water and energy partner-
ships, with a first report being presented in December 2002;

16. Calls upon the Commission to reform agricultural, fisheries and trade policies in the light of the
Johannesburg Summit and the Doha Declaration, particularly as regards agricultural and fisheries subsidies
and other trade barriers;

17. Supports in particular the effort to provide world-wide assistance to increase employment oppor-
tunities, taking into account the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work;
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Better international governance

18. Considers that the central challenge is now to monitor and properly implement the Johannesburg
action programme, to ensure that its targets are met and that the necessary steps are taken to meet its
specific objectives;

19. Emphasises that the implementation of this agreement must be an inclusive process, involving all
major groups, especially social partners, as sustainable development requires broad-based and democratic
participation in policy formulation, decision-making, implementation and monitoring at all levels;

20. Believes, in this context, that issues of international governance will also have to be given greater
emphasis in the future, including the introduction of effective implementation mechanisms backed up by
appropriate sanctions;

21. Calls urgently for a reform of international bodies dealing with sustainable development issues,
starting with the UN Commission for Sustainable Development and the United Nations Environment Pro-
gramme (UNEP), as well as the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the institutions of the ‘Bretton
Woods system’, the general perspective being to achieve a multilateral and internationally binding system
of good governance of sustainable development objectives and policies;

Parliamentary accountability

22. Considers that the parliamentary input into the WSSD preparatory process has not been sufficiently
taken into account, and that this needs to be changed in the future;

23. Considers further that, during the early stages of the Summit, the European Parliament delegation in
Johannesburg was not treated with the degree of seriousness that it merited;

24. Welcomes the contacts that were made between the parliamentarians attending the WSSD, includ-
ing the meeting held under Interparliamentary Union auspices, and that between the European Parliament
and the Council of Europe; believes that these constituted a useful first step towards the establishment of a
parliamentary network to support sustainable development and to ensure greater parliamentary input into
future international organisations and greater accountability to Parliament of relevant international organi-
sations such as UNEP and the WTO;

25. Again emphasises that the input of Members of the European Parliament taking part in future EU
delegations to international conferences would be reinforced if they were able to attend, if only as
observers, the daily EU coordination meetings and proposes that the interinstitutional rules should be
clarified as a matter of urgency to remove this undemocratic obstacle;

26. Asks for provision to be made in the framework of the next modification of the interinstitutional
agreement and with respect to international conferences (WSSD, COP, WTO etc.), for representatives of
the European Parliament’s delegation to be entitled to participate in the coordination meetings of the EU

27. Undertakes to examine its own internal working mechanisms, to ensure not only that there is an
effective annual process within the Parliament for reviewing progress with regard to the economic, social
and environmental aspects of sustainable development at European Union level, but also to monitor the
international agenda for sustainable development;

28. Calls for there to be a special debate at the February 2003 part-session on the internal and external
dimensions of sustainable development;

* *

29. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the govern-
ments and parliaments of the Member States.