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Professor: Carolina

*ON SOMEBODY OWN = alone


Pronome é a classe de palavras que acompanha ou substitui um
substantivo ou um outro pronome, indicando sua posição em relação às Reciprocal Pronoun - é usado para indicar que duas ou mais pessoas
pessoas do discurso ou mesmo situando-o no espaço e no tempo. Os praticam uma ação e ambas recebem os benefícios (ou consequências)
pronomes nos ajudam a evitar repetições desnecessárias na fala e na dessa ação simultaneamente. Dessa forma, o Reciprocal Pronoun será
escrita. São divididos em: necessário sempre que houver uma situação em que algo é dado e
recebido, ou quando qualquer situação mútua é expressa.
Subject Pronouns - é um tipo de Personal Pronoun (pronome pessoal)
que equivale ao sujeito de uma frase, por isso são conhecidos Each other = entre si
como subjects (sujeitos). Podem ser utilizados no singular ou no plural, One another = um ao outro
possuindo três gêneros: masculino, feminino e neutro.
Exemplos:
Maria and Robert loved each other. [Maria e Robert se amavam.]
Subject pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they The members of the graduating class applauded one another. [Os
membros da turma formanda aplaudiam uns aos outros.]
Exemplos: I’m so glad. / She is a teacher. ▪
Observação 2- De acordo com as regras tradicionais, each other indica
Object Pronouns - têm a função de objeto da frase, aparecendo uma relação recíproca entre duas entidades, enquanto one another se
normalmente no predicado e exerce a mesma função do pronome refere a mais de duas.
oblíquo da língua portuguesa.
Exercises
Object pronouns: Me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them
1- (EPCAR 14) “Native speakers are at a disadvantage in international
communication”. The negative form of this sentence is “Native speakers
Exemplos: I love you. / I give her a kiss. _______at a disadvantage in international communication”.
a) not are b) do not are c) isn’t d) aren’t
Possessive Adjectives - é um tipo de pronome que se refere a
um substantivo, mostrando posse. Tecnicamente, não é um pronome, e 2- (EPCAR14) Few native speakers outside the world of ESL (English
sim um adjetivo que, como seu próprio nome indica, são determinantes as a Second language) teaching have much idea of what non-native
de uma frase que modificam o substantivo que os acompanham, learners assimilate, and think that as their English is native speaker
passando a se comportar como posse. level, they speak it better than their non-native counterparts. Because of
Possessive Adjectives: My, your, his, her, its, our, your, their this, companies are offering courses in Offshore English to native
speakers to train them to speak the type of English that will make it
Exemplos: My mother is Maria. / What’s your phone number? easier for nonnative speakers to understand. So they will gain more
contracts(…)
Possessive Pronouns - são “verdadeiros pronomes” porque se referem a -The underlined word in the sentence refers to
um substantivo previamente citado. Ou seja, os pronomes possessivos a) native speakers. c) Offshore English.
substituem a construção Possessive Adjective + substantivo. b) courses in Offshore English. d) the kind of English.

Exemplos: Is this yours, Mrs. Barnett? / This book is mine. 3- (EPCAR14) A good example of this situation was when a company
tried to sell flight simulators to South Korea, where a French company
Possessive pronouns: Mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs won the contract because the buyers found it easier to understand the
English that the French people spoke than the English spoken by the
Demonstrative Pronouns - geralmente focam a atenção nos British company.
substantivos que estão substituindo, podendo ser compreendido uma -The pronoun that best substitutes the underlined words is:
noção de distância (de tempo ou espaço). Geralmente são utilizados para a) you b) they c) he d) we
apontar posição de substantivos, seja perto ou longe.
4- (EEAR15) There’s an old cliché in linguistics that a language is a
Demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, those dialect with an army and navy behind it. This isn’t merely a joke.
-The pronoun “it”, in bold type in the text, refers to
Exemplos: These are my daughters. / That book is my bag. a) linguistics. b) dialect. c) cliché. d) navy.
Reflexive Pronouns - como o próprio nome já indica, são pronomes nos 5- (EFOMM 2009) In the sentence: “If the oceans die, it could cause
quais o sujeito e o objeto são o mesmo substantivo. Em outras palavras,
great destruction.”, the pronoun “it” refers to:
a pessoa (sujeito) quem está realizando a ação é o mesmo que está
(A) oceans. (C) great destruction. (D) the cause.
sofrendo essa ação, refletindo nele mesmo.
(B) atmosphere. (E) the oceans death.
Reflexive pronouns: Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself,
ourselves, yourselves, themselves. 6- (ESSEX 2009) Is that book _____?
a) yours b) your c) yous d) you
Exemplo: I look at myself in the mirror. / Jim made himself coffee.
7- This dictionary is in __________ fourth edition.
Observação1: Se a preposição by for utilizada antes de qualquer a) his b) her c) its d) it's e) their
pronome reflexivo, o sentido deles serão alterados e terão sentido de
sozinhos: 8- - That sports car is very expensive. The car dealer told me that
by myself [sozinho] / by herself [sozinha] / by ourselves [sozinhos] ________ price is 10,000 dollars.
a) her b) his c) its d) their e) hers

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17- I have met that girl before, but I can't remember __________ name.
a) her b) his c) your d) its e) yours

18-Which team won the game? __________ team did.


a) Theirs b) They c) Their d) Them e) Yours

19- (PUCPR 96) Choose the alternative that best completes the dialogue
9- Reading the cartoon, we can infer that Garfield thinks that below: Bob: Do you always get good marks on ________ examinations?
a) despite the fact that the dog is fierce, he won’t bite because of the meat. James: Yes, I do. I guess it's because I do ________ homework
b) the dog is well-behaved, that’s why Garfield likes feeding him with assignments and study a little every day. Bob: How about Maria? Are
some meat. ________ grades good too? James: Yes. She's very bright and enjoys
c) he is afraid of dogs and has decided to give him poisonous meat. studying very much.
d) he always carries meat because he gets along with fierce dogs. a) yours–my–his c) you–my–hers e) your – my – her
b) your – me – your d) your – mine – yours
10- Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 1873 – 23 July 1932) was a
Brazilian aviation pioneer. The heir of a wealthy family of coffee 20- (ITA 99) Leia o recado de Ho Chi Minh aos franceses, em 1946.
producers, Santos-Dumont dedicated _______ to aeronautical study and "You can kill 10 of my men for everyone I kill of __________, yet even
experimentation in Paris, France, where he spent most of his adult life. at those odds, you will lose and I will win."
a) Him b) He c) Himself c) His – A lacuna encontrada na frase acima deve ser preenchida por:
a) yours. b) them. c) you. d) theirs. e) your.
11- (EEAR 2016) “Miss Emlyn read us some of it. I asked Mummy to
read some more. I liked it. It has a wonderful sound. A brave new world. 21- (UERJ06) Reflexive pronouns have two distinct uses: basic and
There isn’t anything really like that, is there?” emphatic. The reflexive pronoun used emphatically is found in the option:
“You don’t believe in it?” a) The oppressed resign themselves to their doom.
“Do you?” b) They tacitly adjust themselves to oppression.
“There is always a brave new world”, said Poirot, “but only, you know, c) The enforcement of the law itself is a form of peaceful persuasion.
for very special people. The lucky ones. The ones who carry the making d) Our end is a community at peace with itself.
of that world within ________.”
Fill in the blank, in the text, with the appropriate reflexive pronoun. 22- All the sentences are not grammatically correct, except:
a) yourselves b) yourself c) ourselves d) themselves a) I need to send an email to his. c) I don’t have an information.
b) To wash the hands! d) She have to go now.
12- (EN 15) in the excerpt "But if libraries are going to survive the
digital age, they need to be more about helping patrons filter vast 23-(EXPCEX 15) In the sentence “The tech-school graduates were then
quantities of digital Information rather than access to analog issued water pistols before heading out. During their deployment, the
materials." the pronoun "they" refers to: children encountered hostile and non-hostile citizens, a water-balloon
(A) libraries. (B) the digital age. (C) patrons. fight and injured allies who needed help along the way. The words their
(D) quantities of digital Information. (E) analog materials. and who respectively refer to:
[A] the children and citizens. [B] water pistols and injured allies.
[C] the children and injured allies. [D] deployment and non-hostile citizens.
13- (EPCAR16) In the sentence, “Many countries have organized
[E] graduates and a water-balloon fight.
campaigns to make adults and children informed of its dangers.”, the
underlined expressions can be substituted for:
a) it – they. b) they – them. c) they – it. d) them – they. 24- Mark the best option to fill in the sentences:
I) I bought_____pair of shoes. III) I’m reading ____interesting book.
14-(EPCAR16) Parents usually don’t know their child is a cyberbully. II)She plays____soccer. IV) He researches _____ heal of cancer.
They perceive it just when the victim or the victim’s parents contact them. a)The–a–an–the b) A-*-an–the c)A-*-a–the d) An–the–the-the
- The underlined pronoun refers to
a) victims. b) parents. c) children. d) cyberbullies.

15- Read the comic strip. Rewrite it to make it grammatically correct


and classify the pronoun “me”.

__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

16- (PUCPR 97) Fill in the blanks of the text below with the appropriate
pronouns: Dear Debbie, How are you? Lisa and I are having a
marvelous holiday. We are really enjoying____. We brought three tubes
of suntan cream with _______ and we've used ____ all up already. Lisa
is a bit annoyed because her suntan isn't as good as ______.

a) ourselves – we – them – mine


b) ourselves – us – them – mine e) ourselves – ourselves – they – my
c) us – us – they – my d) us – we – themselves – mine 2