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 Service Industrial Modules, Products and System (COC 3)

1. What would you do if the power supply is not producing an output voltage?
 check for the simple stuff first, like the power cables and main lines before
doing internal checking
 Wrong connection of wiring
 Capacitor is not working
2. What if you found out that the cause of the troubles is the diode in the regulator section of
power supply. How are you going to check a diode if it is not in the circuit?
 check the diode resistance
-check using an ohmmeter.
3. How are you going to check transformer using an ohmmeter?

 Put the selector switch to the lower setting of an ohmmeter(X1, X10). Connect
the prod, both terminals of the primary wires of the transformer, it should need
resistance. Do the same secondary wires or terminals of the transformer and it
should exhibit low resistance measurement also.
4. What if you found out that the regulator section is not working? How would you resolve the
 By measuring the input and output of each section or by applying signal tracing
5. After long years of operation, the value of the resistor across the output has change, the
resistance became lower than the normal value. What would be the effect to its output?
 The resistance will draw more current
6. What is the first thing you must do if after long hours of operation the smoke comes out
from the circuit?
 unplug the device
7. What procedure are you going to take to measure the unknown voltages?
 Put the selector switch to the higher range
8. What procedure are you going to observe/take when measuring the DC quantities?
 Observe polarity. Place the selector switch to DC function
9. What procedure are you going to observe when repairing power supply?
 Stored voltage bon capacitor especially when it is large. Discharge the stored
voltage on the capacitor before doing repair work.
 Service Industrial Electronic Modules, Products and System (COC 2)
1. What are you going to do if short circuits happen?
 Off the power supply, unplug the circuit
2. What would you check if the motor rotation of an industrial washing machine became
slower than usual?
 Check the belt of the motor. Check the voltage of the motor. Check the running
3. What would you do if the output voltage across a switching type power supply is higher
than its usual value?
 Check the regulator circuit
4. what if, instead of using thicker extension wire. You replace it thinner wire, what would be
the effect to the circuit?
 Thinner will show higher resistance, compare to thicker wire. Current will
decrease if the circuit is requiring high current. The wire will became hot leading
to melting of its insulation.
5. You notice a blown fuse. What would be the effect if you replace the fuse with wire? Will
the circuit operates?
 *the circuit will operate but the circuit is now protected when an over current
will occurs. The wire that you substitute to the fuse will not be guaranteed that
it will protect circuit.
6. What would be the effect to the circuit when you replace the resistor with the same value
but with different wattage rating?
 If the wattage rating is higher than its normal rating, the circuit will operate
normal condition but if the wattage rating is lower, the resistor will show neat.
7. What are you going to check when a device becomes erratic or intermittent after years of
 Bad connections, loose solders parts or internal or external connections that
need to be cleaned and resealed; check discoloration of components, check for
charred components due to heat.
8. What section you would check first when there is a dead set?
 Power supply section, common failure is power regulator ICs diodes and
transistors high value resistors that open up
9. What safety precaution are you going to observe when working with the input of the
transformer inside the power supply?
 Be careful and you must properly insulated when working with high electrical
voltages. The input of the transformer is connected at 220 volts AC which can be
harmful or even kill you.
10. What accessories you should not wear during troubleshooting of power supply?
 Conductive materials like jewelries
11. What should you wear during troubleshooting a power supply?
 Wear rubber shoes, goggles for the eyes, gloves
Electronic Product Assembly and Servicing NC II

 Assemble Electronics Products (COC 1)

1. Enumerates some of the materials use in etching a printed circuit board (PCB)?
 Ferric chloride
 Plastic basin
 Board
 Pattern stencil
 Copper-clad Board
 Etching resist
 Drill
 Drill bit

2. What can you suggest to hasten the etching of the PCB?

 Shake the plastic basin while etching. Use warm water in etching
3. What should you do if after checking the soldering joints and components you have noticed
that the circuit is not working?
 Check if cold solder occurred

4. What should you do if after checking the solder joints and components you have noticed a
cold solder?
 Apply soldering to the subjected solder joint again
5. What should you do if the lead does not stick to the soldering tip during the thinning
 Clean the tip of the soldering iron
6. What are possible causes if after testing the assembled project you have noticed that the
product is not working?
 Cold solder
 Wrong component placement
 Wrong polarity
 Defective components
 Solder bridging
7. What tool are you going to use if after inspecting you noticed a cold solder? How do you go
about it?
 Desoldering tool or pump, apply enough heat to the soldered joints and while
the solder is melting, use the desoldering pump to suck the melting solder
8. What should you do if after inspecting the PCB you have noticed a cracked at the copper
 Apply enough solder to bridge the small cracked. Apply wire if the cracked is
9. What is the first thing you should do after pre-heating soldering iron and before doing
soldering work?
 Do the thinning process
10. What precaution can you suggest when soldering semiconductor materials like transistors?
 Do not overheat
 Apply enough heat
 Apply conductive material to the body of the transistor to absorb during
11. What regulation should you observe when doing soldering work in European countries?
 Apply leadless or lead-free soldering wire
12. What safety precaution are you going to take when doing soldering work using lead?
 Use musk to avoid inhaling of fumes
13. What are you going to do with excess solder on the tip of the iron?
 Get a dump sponge and wipe the tip of the iron
14. Give some important reminders when doing soldering work?
 No horse playing
 Apply enough heat to soldering joints
 Do the thinning process before putting solder to the joints
 Use proper soldering tip
 Use proper solder lead wire

cc epas nc II