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## Silicon And Carbon

By

Ian Beardsley

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This is the prequel to Bone, where I compared the aspect of biological life that is bone, to
artificial intelligence (AI). This work deals with the comparison of biological life to artificial
intelligence where the elements with which the former are built (CHNOPS) to the elements with
which the latter are built (Si, Ge, P, B, Ga, As) are concerned. It is a purpose of biological life (C,
N, O, H) to discover the properties of (P, B, Si) so it can make computing machines which are
necessary to its survival.
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## Carbon And Silicon

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The golden ratio and the golden ratio conjugate are the solution of the quadratic

(b)
2
a a a b
− − 1 = 0 that meets the conditions = and a=b+c

b b c

a 5−1 1
Where Φ = and ϕ = , ϕ= .

b 2 Φ
We guess that artificial intelligence (AI) has the golden ratio, or its conjugate in its means
geometric, harmonic, and arithmetic by molar mass by taking these means between doping
agents phosphorus (P) and boron (B) divided by semiconductor material silicon (Si) :

PB (30.97)(10.81)
= = 0.65

Si 28.09
2PB 1 2(30.97)(10.81) 1
= = 0.57

## P + B Si 30.97 + 10.81 28.09

0.65 + 0.57
= 0.61 ≈ ϕ

2
Which can be written

PB(P + B) + 2PB
≈ ϕ

2(P + B)Si
We see that the biological elements, H, N, C, O compared to the AI elements P, B, Si is the
golden ratio conjugate (phi) as well:

C+N+O+H
≈ ϕ

P + B + Si
So we can now establish the connection between artificial intelligence and biological life:

PB(P + B) + 2PB
(P + B + Si ) ≈ (C + N + O + H )

2(P + B)Si
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## Which can be written:

[ Si Si ] P + B [ Si Si ]
P B 2PB P B
PB + +1 + + + 1 ≈ 2HCNO

Where HNCO is isocyanic acid, the most basic organic compound. We write in the arithmetic
mean:

[ 2 ][ Si Si ]
2PB P+B P B
PB + + + + 1 ≈ 3HNCO

P+B
Which is nice because we can write in the second first generation semiconductor as well
(germanium) and the doping agents gallium (Ga) and arsenic (As):

[ 2 ][ Si Si ] [ Ge Ge ]
2PB P+B P B Ga As
PB + + + + 1 ≈ HNCO + +1

P+B
Where

[ Si + + 1]
P B
Zn Si

[ Ge + + 1]
Se Ga As
Ge

Where ZnSe is zinc selenide, an intrinsic semiconductor used in AI, meaning it doesn’t require
doping agents. We now have:

( Se ) P + B ( Se ) 2 ( Se )
Zn 2PB Z n P + B Zn
PB + + ≈ HNCO

We could begin with semiconductor germanium (Ge) and doping agents gallium (Ga) and
phosphorus (P) and we get a similar equation:

2Ga P
= 42.866, Ga P = 46.46749

Ga + P
In grams per mole. Then we compare these molar masses to the molar masses of the
semiconductor material Ge:

2Ga P 1 42.866
= = 0.59

Ga + P Ge 72.61
1 46.46749
Ga P = = 0.64

Ge 72.61
Then, take the arithmetic mean between these:

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0.59 + 0.64
= 0.615

2
We then notice this is about the golden ratio conjugate, ϕ, which is the inverse of the golden
1
ratio, Φ. ϕ ≈ . Thus, we have

Φ
Ga P(Ga + P) + 2Ga P
1. ≈ ϕ

2(Ga + P)Ge

Ga P(Ga + P) + 2Ga P
2. ≈Φ

2(Ga + P)Si
This is considering the elements of artificial intelligence (AI) Ga, P, Ge, Si. Since we want to find
the connection of artificial intelligence to biological life, we compare these to the biological
elements most abundant by mass carbon (C), hydrogen (H), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O),
phosphorus (P), sulfur (S). We write these CHNOPS (C+H+N+O+P+S) and find:

CHNOPS 1

Ga + As + Ge 2
A similar thing can be done with germanium, Ge, and gallium, Ga, and arsenic, As, this time
using CHNOPS the most abundant biological elements by mass:

[ ] [ Ge Ge ] [ Si ]
2Ga As Ga + As Ga As Ga As
Ga As + + + + 1 ≈ CHNOPS + +1

Ga + As 2 Si

( S ) Ga + As ( S ) (S)
O 2Ga As O Ga + As O
Ga As + + ≈ CHNOPS

[ Ge + Ge + 1]
Ga As
O

[ Si + Si + 1]
S Ga As

## Ga As(Ga + As) + 2Ga As

≈ 1

2(Ga + As)Ge
C+H+N+O+P+S 1

Ga + As + Ge 2
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We can also make a construct for silicon doped with gallium and phosphorus:

2(Ga + P)Si
(C + N + O + H ) ≈ (P + B + Si )

Ga P(Ga + P) + 2Ga P

2(Ga + P)Si
HNCO ≈ (P + B + Si )

(Ga + P)[ Ga P + Ga + P ]
2GaP

2(P + B + Si )Si
HNCO ≈ 2GaP

Ga P + Ga + P

## And we have for germanium doped with gallium and phosphorus:

Ga P(Ga + P) + 2Ga P
≈ ϕ

2(Ga + P)Ge

[ 2 ][ Ge Ge Ge ] [ Ge Ge ]
2Ga P Ga + P P B Si Ga As
Ga P + + + + ≈ HNCO + +1

Ga + P

( S ) Ga + P ( S ) 2 (S)
B 2Ga P B Ga + P B
Ga P + + ≈ HNCO
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## The Fundamental AIbioequations

[ 2 ][ Si Si ] [ Ge Ge ]
2PB P+B P B Ga As
PB + + + + 1 ≈ HNCO + +1

P+B

[ ] [ Ge Ge ] [ Si ]
2Ga As Ga + As Ga As Ga As
Ga As + + + + 1 ≈ CHNOPS + +1

Ga + As 2 Si

[ 2 ][ Ge Ge Ge ] [ Ge Ge ]
2Ga P Ga + P P B Si Ga As
Ga P + + + + ≈ HNCO + +1

Ga + P
2(P + B + Si )Si
HNCO ≈ 2GaP

Ga P + Ga + P

PB(P + B) + 2PB
≈ ϕ

2(P + B)Si

## Ga As(Ga + As) + 2Ga As

≈ 1

2(Ga + As)Ge

Ga P(Ga + P) + 2Ga P
≈ϕ

2(Ga + P)Ge

Ga P(Ga + P) + 2Ga P
≈ Φ

2(Ga + P)Si
C+N+O+H
≈ ϕ

P + B + Si
C+H+N+O+P+S 1

Ga + As + Ge 2

[ Si + + 1]
P B
Zn Si

[ Ge + + 1]
Se Ga As
Ge

[ Ge + Ge + 1]
Ga As
O
≈
[ Si + Si + 1]
S Ga As
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We now want to write out the equations for atomic radius, density, and molar mass as
these are the components upon which the properties of the elements should rely.

## [ GeR GeR ] [ SiR SiR ]

GaR As PR B
+ R +1 ≈π and + R ≈ Φ

Or,…

PR + BR SiR
≈Φ Or,…. ≈ ϕ

SiR PR + BR
We now subscript the elements with M for molar mass and find:

PM BM (PM + BM ) + 2PM BM
≈ ϕ

2(PM + BM )SiM

## Which can be written,…

2PM BM
PM BM + (PM + BM )
≈ ϕ

2SiM
Which yields,…

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2SiR 2PM BM
Si ≈ PM BM +

PR + BR M PM + BM
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Amino Acids
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In order to have biological life we need to have carbon. The Astronomer Fred Hoyle figured out
how carbon is made by stars. It starts from the formation of helium from hydrogen then from
there helium forms carbon in the triple alpha process:

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Conducted in 1952 by Stanley Miller and Harold Urey they simulated the primordial conditions
thought to exist in the early Earth by mixing Water (H2O) methane (CH4) ammonia (NH3) and
hydrogen gas (H2) in a flask and passing a spark through it. The result was the production of
11 of the 20 genetically encoded amino acids. It is thought that the reactions that formed
amino acids like this are like a reaction that was recorded a century earlier by Strecker called
the strecker synthesis which was:
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I processed the 20 genetically encoded amino acids according to the following scheme:

a minogroup
(RGroup)

acidgroup
In hopes of finding a connection between artificial intelligence and the biological. The result
was that two of the amino acids were equal to elements in the periodic table of the elements
and they were perfectly carbon (C) the core element of biological life, and silicon (Si) the core
element of of artificial intelligence. The amino acids are the building blocks of life, synthesized
into proteins by DNA. The two amino acids were serine and glutamine as follows,…

H3 N
(CH2 + OH ) = C

COO
H3 N
(2CH2 + CO + NH2) = Si

COO

H3 N 5−1
= (1 − ϕ) ϕ=

COO 2
Si
(1 − ϕ) =

Ge
Si
(CH2 + OH ) = C

Ge
C
(CH2 + OH ) = Ge

Si
Si
(2CH2 + CO + NH2) = Si

Ge
(2CH2 + CO + NH2) = Ge

## Ge is the other core semiconductor element.

(CH2 + OH ) C
=

(2CH2 + CO + NH2) Si
(CH2 + OH )
C= Si

(2CH2 + CO + NH2)
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## These equation are nearly 100% accurate.

CH2+OH=12.01+2(1.01)+16,00+1.01=14.03+17.01=31.04 g/mol

Si/Ge=28.09/72.61=0.38686

(0.38686)(31.04)=12.008

C=12.01

12.008
100 = 99.98%

12.01
2CH2=2(12.01+2.02)=28.06

CO=12.01+16.00=28.01

NH2=14.01+2.02=16.03

28.06+28.01+16.03=72.1

Ge=72.61

72.1
100 = 99.2976%

72.61
The idea is to try to understand biological life, in particular its origins, by looking at something
we understand, artificial intelligence.

## The equations imply:

H3 N
Ge ≈ Si

COO
The primordial compounds from which amino acids are made — water (H2O) methane (CH4)
and ammonia (NH3)—seem to be related to primitive AI which would be a tungsten filament (W)
encased in a glass tube (SiO2) to make vacuum tubes for switches as follows:

W H O NH3
≈ 2 + + 1

## SiO2 CH4 CH4

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DNA
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In order to have DNA and RNA we need the sugars deoxyribose and ribose. But sugars are
polymers of CH2O which itself is not a sugar but has the same structure as a sugar which is
(CH2O)n. When we consider the Miller-Urey experiment where Miller and Urey produced from
the hypothesized primordial earth composition of NH3 (ammonia), CH4 (methane) and H2O
(water) some of the 20 genetically encoded amino acids that are the building blocks of life, then
it is interesting that these are equal to the ancient, “primordial” artificial intelligence which were
switches made of tungsten filaments (W) encased in glass (SiO2):

## SiO2 [ CH4 CH4 ]

W H2O NH3
≈ + +1

Because the monomer from which sugars were surely made as DNA came into existence on
the primordial earth has it equivalence in

SiO2
=2

CH2O

[ + 1]
Ga As
Si
+ Si
≈ 2

[ Ge + 1]
Ga As
+ Ge

So that,…

[ + 1]
Ga As
Si
+ Si
CH2O ≈ SiO2

[ Ge + 1]
Ga As
+ Ge

Where Ga and Ge are gallium and arsenic, doping agents for germanium (Ge) and silicon (Si)
the first and second generation semiconductors, respectively.

And indeed DNA consists of the sugar deoxyribose, but it is made as well of the nitrogenous
bases adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine. These are:
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Guanine=C5H5N5O=151.13 g/mol

Cytosine=C5H4N3O=111.1 g/mol

Thymine=C5H6N2O2=126.113 g/mol

And we have the sum of their ratios is pi, the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its
diameter:

C5 H5 N5 CHNO CHNO
+ 5 5 5 + 5 4 3 ≈ π

## C5 H6 N2O2 C5 H6 N2O2 C5 H6 N2O2

And that,…

C5 H5 N5 CHNO CHNO Ga As
+ 5 5 5 + 5 4 3 ≈ + + 1

## C5 H6 N2O2 C5 H6 N2O2 C5 H6 N2O2 Ge Ge

And we have to consider its phosphate backbone, H3PO4

Se H3PO4

Zn C5 H6 N2O2
Where ZnSe is zinc selenide, an intrinsic semiconductor.

## C5 H5 N5 CHNO CHNO H O NH3

+ 5 5 5 + 5 4 3 ≈ 2 + + 1
C5 H6 N2O2 C5 H6 N2O2 C5 H6 N2O2 CH4 CH4
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## C27 H46O = 386.65g/m ol

And notice,…

Ch + T
= 2.5

E
And we consider the semiconductor materials used to make AI:

Ge
= 2.6

Si
And write,…

Ch + T Ge
=

E Si
Ge Si
T= E − Ch E= (T + Ch)

Si Ge

( Ge ) ( Si ) ( Ge )
Si Ge Si
T 1− +E 1− = Ch −1

We notice that the masculine (T) is in inverse relation to the feminine (E), but that the two add
up to on whole (Ch) in that the masculine has coeﬃcient 1-Si/Ge and the feminine has
coeﬃcient 1-Ge/Si. This expresses the inverse relationships between man and woman.

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Ian Beardsley studied physics at The University of Oregon and worked in astronomy for four
years at the state observatory Pine Mountain Observatory in the high desert East of Bend
doing photometry and polarimetry. His name appears on several papers in The Astrophysical
Journal.
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The Author