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13.7.

2000 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 101

SECTION V

MINERAL PRODUCTS

CHAPTER 25

SALT; SULPHUR; EARTHS AND STONE; PLASTERING MATERIALS, LIME AND CEMENT

Note 1 Flotation is intended to separate the rich element of a mineral substance from the gangue by enabling it to collect at the
surface of the water in which it has been immersed, while the gangue deposits at the bottom.

2501 00 Salt (including table salt and denatured salt) and pure sodium chloride, whether or not in aqueous
solution or containing added anti-caking or free-flowing agents; sea water

2501 00 31 For chemical transformation (separation of Na from Cl) for the manufacture of other products

Provided the conditions laid down by the competent authorities are met, this subheading includes salt, whether or not
denatured, intended for the manufacture of hydrochloric acid, chlorine, calcium chloride, sodium nitrate, sodium
hypochlorite, sodium sulphates, sodium carbonates, sodium hydroxide, sodium chlorate, sodium perchlorate and metallic
sodium.

2501 00 51 Denatured or for industrial uses (including refining) other than the preservation or preparation of foodstuffs for
human or animal consumption

Provided the conditions laid down by the competent authorities are met, this subheading covers:
1. denatured salt, whatever its intended use, excluding the denatured salt of subheading 2501 00 31;
2. salt for refining; ‘refining’ in this context means only purification by those processes in which the salt is dissolved;
3. salt for industrial uses other than chemical transformation, or the preservation or preparation of foodstuffs for human or
animal consumption. ‘Salt for industrial use’ means salt intended for factory use as raw material or as an intermediate
material in an industrial manufacturing operation (for example, in metallurgy, in dyeing, in the leather and hides industry,
in soap manufacture, in refrigeration and in the ceramics industry).
Salt, other than denatured salt used for salting roads, falls within subheading 2501 00 99.

2501 00 91 Salt suitable for human consumption

Salt suitable for human consumption is undenatured salt suitable for direct domestic or industrial uses as a seasoning or
preserving agent for foodstuffs. It generally has a high degree of purity and is uniformly white.

2501 00 99 Other

This subheading includes undenatured salt used as a de-icing agent in winter and salt used as animal feed (e.g., salt-lick).

2503 00 Sulphur of all kinds, other than sublimed sulphur, precipitated sulphur and colloidal sulphur

2503 00 10 Crude or unrefined sulphur

This subheading includes the varieties of sulphur mentioned in the HS Explanatory Notes to heading No 2503, first
paragraph, (1) to (4). These sulphurs are generally in the form of blocks, lumps or dust.
102 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 13.7.2000

2503 00 90 Other

This subheading covers the varieties of sulphur mentioned in the HS Explanatory Notes on heading No 2503, first
paragraph, (5) to (7). These sulphurs are generally in the form of sticks or small cakes (refined sulphur) or powders (‘sieved
sulphur’, ‘winnowed sulphur’, ‘atomized sulphur’).

2508 Other clays (not including expanded clays of heading No 6806), andalusite, kyanite and sillimanite,
whether or not calcined; mullite; chamotte or dinas earths

2508 10 00 Bentonite

See the HS Explanatory Notes to heading No 2508, third paragraph, (1).


Naturally occurring bentonites normally have a pH of between 6 and 9,5 (for a 5 % aqueous suspension and after standing
for 1 hour) and a sodium carbonate content of less than 2 %; their aggregate content of exchangeable sodium and calcium
does not exceed 80 meq/100 g. There are two types: low-swelling calcium and high-swelling sodium (rate of swelling less
than 7 ml/g or greater than 12 ml/g).
Certain naturally occuring bentonites may have characteristics which differ from these values; where this is the case of
several characteristics, the bentonite is generally considered to be activated.
Activated bentonites generally fall within subheading 3802 90 00.

2511 Natural barium sulphate (barytes); natural barium carbonate (witherite), whether or not calcined, other
than barium oxide of heading No 2816

2511 10 00 Natural barium sulphate (barytes)

Barytes contains variable amounts of iron oxide, aluminia, sodium carbonate and silica. Since the product in its white form
is most sought after, it is crushed, screened to remove the coloured elements (mostly yellowish), pulverized and then puri-
fied by levigation.

2511 20 00 Natural barium carbonate (witherite)

Witherite occurs in the form of rhomboid crystals or yellowish masses which are insoluble in water.

2513 Pumice stone; emery; natural corundum, natural garnet and other natural abrasives, whether or not
heat-treated

2513 19 00 Other

This subheading includes pumice stone which is ground or pulverized.

2513 20 00 Emery, natural corundum, natural garnet and other natural abrasives

For the purposes of this subheading, other natural abrasives include the tripoli known as ‘rotten stone’, an ash grey product
used as a mild abrasive or for polishing.

2516 Granite, porphyry, basalt, sandstone and other monumental or building stone, whether or not roughly
trimmed or merely cut, by sawing or otherwise, into blocks or slabs of a rectangular (including square)
shape
When squared stones do not have a uniform thickness, classification according to thickness is to be made by reference to the
greatest thickness.

2516 11 00 Crude or roughly trimmed

The HS Explanatory Notes to subheading 2515 11 apply, mutatis mutandis.

2516 12 10 Merely cut, by sawing or otherwise, into blocks or slabs of a rectangular (including square) shape
and
2516 12 90 The HS Explanatory Notes to subheading 2515 12 apply, mutatis mutandis.

2516 21 00 Crude or roughly trimmed

The HS Explanatory Notes to subheading 2515 11 apply, mutatis mutandis.


13.7.2000 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 103

2516 22 00 Merely cut, by sawing or otherwise, into blocks or slabs of a rectangular (including square) shape

The HS Explanatory Notes to subheading 2515 12 apply, mutatis mutandis.

2516 90 00 Other monumental or building stone

This subheading includes:


1. hard rocks like porphyry, syenite, lava, basalt, gneiss, trachyte, diabase, diorite, phonolite, liparite, gabbro, labradorite
and peridotite;
2. calcareous monumental or building stones not falling within heading No 2515, i.e., with an apparent specific gravity of
less than 2,5, crude, roughly trimmed or merely cut, by sawing or otherwise, into blocks or slabs of a rectangular
(including square) shape of any thickness;
3. serpentine or ophite, crude, roughly trimmed or merely cut, by sawing or otherwise, into blocks or slabs of a rectangular
(including square) shape of any thickness.

2518 Dolomite, whether or not calcined; dolomite roughly trimmed or merely cut, by sawing or otherwise,
into blocks or slabs of a rectangular (including square) shape; agglomerated dolomite (including tarred
dolomite)

2518 10 00 Dolomite not calcined

Dolomite is a natural double carbonate of calcium and magnesium. It remains classified in this subheading even when it has
been given a light heat-treatment which does not alter its chemical composition.
This subheading covers dolomite, non calcined, crude, roughly trimmed (roughly squared) or merely cut, by sawing or by
splitting, into blocks or slabs of a rectangular (including square) shape.

2518 20 00 Calcined dolomite

Calcined dolomite is a dolomite which has been subjected to a high temperature heat-treatment (about 1 500 oC for dead-
burned (sintered) dolomite and about 800 oC for caustic burned dolomite which alters its chemical composition by driving
off carbon dioxide.

2519 Natural magnesium carbonate (magnesite); fused magnesia; dead-burned (sintered) magnesia, whether
or not containing small quantities of other oxides added before sintering; other magnesium oxide,
whether or not pure

2519 90 10 Magnesium oxide, other than calcined natural magnesium carbonate

This subheading includes:


1. magnesium oxide obtained by calcination of either magnesium hydroxide or precipitated magnesium carbonate and
used particularly in pharmacy; this substance is a white powder with a purity of not less than 98 %;
2. magnesium oxide obtained by fusing previously calcined magnesite; magnesite is calcined at 1 400 to 1 800 oC; the
magnesia obtained is then fused in an electric arc at a temperature of 2 800 to 3 000 oC, once cooled it produces a
crystalline product consisting almost wholly of magnesium oxide (fused magnesia); this is extremely pure (at least 95 %)
and consists of glass-like crystals;
3. magnesium oxide derived from sea water; this is obtained by calcination of magnesium hydroxide precipitated from sea
water: the product is usually 91 to 98 % pure and contains more boron as its characteristic impurity than does dead-
burned (sintered) magnesia (about 100 ppm as against about 40 ppm).

2520 Gypsum; anhydrite; plasters (consisting of calcined gypsum or calcium sulphate) whether or not
coloured, with or without small quantities of accelerators or retarders

2520 20 10 Building

Building plaster is manufactured by subjecting crude gypsum (gypsum rock or other gypsum-bearing materials, e.g.,
by-products of the chemical industry) to a special dressing and calcining process. Specific characteristics can be obtained
through the introduction of additives during the manufacturing process. These take the form of floating agents (i.e., sub-
stances which affect the characteristics of the gypsum — e.g., its consistency or adhesive properties — in a particular way),
and retarders or accelerators.
Building plaster is used, for example, as stucco, for plastering walls and ceilings, in the manufacture of building panels or
other construction elements, or for jointing tiles.
104 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 13.7.2000

2523 Portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulphate cement and similar hydraulic cements,
whether or not coloured or in the form of clinkers

2523 90 10 Blast furnace cement

Blast furnace cement comprises at least 20 % by weight of Portland cement clinker, 36 to 80 % by weight of granulated blast
furnace slag and not more than 5 % by weight of other constituents of cement.

2523 90 30 Pozzolanic cement

Pozzolanic cement is composed of at least 60 % by weight Portland cement clinker, a maximum of 40 % by weight natural
pozzolana or fly ash and a maximum of 5 % by weight other constituents of cement.
For the term ‘pozzolana’, see the HS Explanatory Notes to heading No 2530, part (D), paragraph (7).
Fly ash is a fine, light powder, obtained by extracting powder particles from the combustion gases of furnaces fired with
pulverized coal. Its colour varies from grey to black.

2526 Natural steatite, whether or not roughly trimmed or merely cut, by sawing or otherwise, into blocks
or slabs of a rectangular (including square) shape; talc

2526 20 00 Crushed or powdered

This subheading does not cover talc powder, put up in packings for retail sales, for toilet purposes (heading No 3304).

2528 Natural borates and concentrates thereof (whether or not calcined), but not including borates sepa-
rated from natural brine; natural boric acid containing not more than 85 % of H3BO3 calculated on the
dry weight

2528 10 00 Natural sodium borates and concentrates thereof (whether or not calcined)

This subheading includes kernite and tincal, also known as ‘natural borax’.
This subheading does not cover sodium borate (refined borax) obtained by chemical treatment of kernite or tincal or the
sodium borates obtained by evaporating complex brines from certain salt lakes (heading No 2840).

2528 90 00 Other

This subheading includes:


1. pandermite and priceite, which are calcium borates;
2. boracite, which is magnesium chloroborate;
3. natural boric acid obtained by evaporation of the water left after the condensation of natural vapours escaping from the
earth in certain regions (the Italian soffioni), or by evaporating water drawn from underground sources of those regions,
provided that it does not contain more than 85 % of H3BO3 calculated on the dry weight. However, boric acid contain-
ing more than 85 % of H3BO3 is classified in heading No 2810 00 00.

2530 Mineral substances not elsewhere specified or included

2530 10 10 Vermiculite, perlite and chlorites, unexpanded


and
2530 10 90 See the HS Explanatory Notes to heading No 2530, part (D), paragraph (3).

2530 40 00 Natural micaceous iron oxides

Micaceous iron oxides are used mainly as anti-rust pigments and contain naturally more than 70 % by weight of combined
iron evaluated as Fe2O3.

2530 90 95 Other

See the HS Explanatory Notes to heading No 2530, parts (A) (except for natural micaceous iron oxides), (B), (C) and (D)
(excluding (D), paragraph (3)).