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Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Science

DEPARTMENT OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING

Course Outline, Fall 2010

AER 520: Stress Analysis


Instructor: Dr. Puren Ouyang, Office: ENG 144, Phone: (416) 979-5000 ext. 4928
Email: pouyang@ryerson.ca
Office hours: Mon. 1pm-3pm, Fri. 9am-11am

Prerequisites: AER 320, MTH 309, MTH 410, CMN 432

Compulsory Text: Mechanics of Materials, 7th Edition.


R.C. Hibbeler, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008

Reference Experimental Stress Analysis (third edition)


Texts J. W. Dally and W. F. Riley, McGraw Hill, 1991
Mechanics of Materials (Second Edition)
Roy R. Craig Jr., Wiley, 2000

Calendar (http://www.ryerson.ca/calendar/2008-2009/pg2155.html#160270)
Description: Torsion of shafts, Torsional and flexural shear flow in open and closed
thin-walled sections, Analysis of deflection, bending moment in statically
determinate/indeterminate members, Moment-area method for beam
deflection, Strain energy and Castigliano's theorem for beam and frame
deflections, Strain and stress transformations and Mohr's circle,
Introduction to failure theories for ductile and brittle materials,
Experimental stress analysis using strain gauges and photoelastic methods
applied to practical structural loading problems in the laboratory..

Learning At the end of this course, the successful student will be able to:
Objectives: 1. Demonstrate competence in the mathematics and engineering science of
the fundamental principles of mechanics of materials (1)
2. Apply appropriate knowledge to analyze and formulate a solution and
analysis to physical behaviour of materials under different loads. (2)
3. Perform information gathering and analysis to satisfy equilibrium,
compatibility of deformation, and material behaviour requirements(3)
4. Design solutions to simple elements and complicated structures under
stress limitations (4)
5. Show knowledge and skills in choosing and using engineering tools
common in experimental stress analysis (5)
6. Work individually and as part of a small team to solve stress analysis
problems and analyze experiment results (6)
7. Produce effective written communication using a coherent, logical and
professional style with an appropriate format (7)
8. Ability to incorporate economic and business practices to decision making
in structural analysis and design (11)
Note: Numbers in parentheses refer to the graduate attributes required by the
Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board. For more information, see:
http://www.feas.ryerson.ca/quality_assurance/accreditation.pdf

Course 4 hours of lecture per week for 13 weeks, in 1 section


Organization: 2 hours of labs every other week for 10 weeks
4 Lab sections of maximum 25 students
2 Teaching Assistants, 2 sections per TA

Course Assignments 10%


Evaluation: Mid Term 20%
Labs 20%
Final Exam 50%
TOTAL 100%

Examinations: Mid Term Test after 6th week, 2 hours, open book and notes
Final Exam, during exam period, 3 hours, open book and notes

Course Content:
Chap. Sections Hours Topic, description
5 5.1-5.8 8 Torsion: Torsional deformation of a circular shaft; Torsion formula; Power
transmission; Angle of twist; Statically indeterminate torque-loaded members;
Solid noncircular shafts; Thin-walled tubes; and stress concentration .
6 6.1-6.5 6 Bending: Shear and moment diagrams; graphical method for constructing
shear and moment diagrams; Bending deformation of a straight member; the
flexure formula, and unsymmetrical bending.
7 7.1-7.5 6 Transverse Shear: Shear in straight members; Shear formula; Shear stress in
beams; Shear flow in built-up members, and shear flow in thin-walled
members.
8 8.1-8.2 4 Combined Loadings: Thin-walled pressure vessels, and State of stress
caused by combined loadings.
2 Mid Term Exam
9 9.1-9.7 6 Stress Transformation: Plane-stress transformation; General equations of
plane-stress transformation; Principal stresses and maximum in-plane shear
stress; Mohr’s circle-plane stress; Stress in shafts due to axial load and torsion,
and absolute maximum shear stress.
10 10.1-10.6 4 Strain Transformation: Plane strain; General equations of plane-strain
transformation; Mohr’s circle-plane strain; Absolute maximum shear strain;
Strain rosettes, and material-property relationships.
12 12.1- 8 Deflection of Beams and Shafts: The elastic curve; slope and displacement
12.3; by integration; Discontinuity functions; Method of superposition; Statically
12.5-12.7, indeterminate beams and shafts; Statically indeterminate beams and shafts—
12.9 method of integration, method of superposition.
14 14.1- 8 Energy Methods: External work and strain energy; Elastic strain energy for
14.10 various types of loading; Conservation of energy; Principle of virtual work;
Method of virtual forces applied to trusses and beams; Castigliano’s theorem
and its application to trusses and beams.

Laboratories: (a detailed schedule is available on the course Blackboard website)


Weeks Title Room
2,3 Introduction to strain gauges and preparation ENG 132
4,5 Cantilever beam; Beam in pure bending; strain distribution on a structural ENG 132
section
7,8 Strain distribution on a casted component; Pressure vessel ENG 132
9,10 Introduction and theory of photoelasticity ENG 132
11,12 Photoelastic coating calibration ENG 132

Important Notes:

1. All of the required course-specific written reports will be assessed not only on their technical/academic
merit, but also on the communication skills exhibited through these reports.
2. All assignment and lab/tutorial reports must have the standard cover page which can be completed and
printed from the Department website at www.ryerson.ca/aerospace/undergraduate/ . The cover page
must be signed by the student(s) prior to submission of the work. Submissions without the cover pages
will not be accepted.
3. Should a student miss a mid-term test or equivalent (e.g. studio or presentation), with appropriate
documentation, a make-up will be scheduled as soon as possible in the same semester. Make-ups should
cover the same material as the original assessment but need not be of an identical format. Only if it is
not possible to schedule such a make-up may the weight of the missed work be placed on the final
exam, or another single assessment. This may not cause that exam or assessment to be worth more than
70% of the student’s final grade. If a student misses a scheduled make-up test or exam, the grade may
be distributed over other course assessments even if that makes the grade on the final exam worth more
than 70% of the final grade in the course.
4. Students who miss a final exam for a verifiable reason and who cannot be given a make-up exam prior
to the submission of final course grades, must be given a grade of INC (as outlined in the Grading
Promotion and Academic Standing Policy) and a make-up exam (normally within 2 weeks of the
beginning of the next semester) that carries the same weight and measures the same knowledge, must be
scheduled.
5. Medical or Compassionate documents for the missing of an exam must be submitted within 3 working
days of the exam. Students are responsible for notifying the instructor that they will be missing an exam
as soon as possible.
6. Requests for accommodation of specific religious or spiritual observance must be presented to the
instructor no later than two weeks prior to the conflict in question (in the case of final examinations
within two weeks of the release of the examination schedule). In extenuating circumstances this
deadline may be extended. If the dates are not known well in advance because they are linked to other
conditions, requests should be submitted as soon as possible in advance of the required observance.
Given that timely requests will prevent difficulties with arranging constructive accommodations,
students are strongly encouraged to notify the instructor of an observance accommodation issue within
the first two weeks of classes.
7. The results of the first test or mid-term exam will be returned to students before the deadline to drop an
undergraduate course in good Academic Standing.
8. Students are required to adhere to all relevant University policies including:
Undergraduate Grading, Promotion and Acad. Standing, http://www.ryerson.ca/senate/policies/pol46.pdf
Student Code of Academic Conduct, http://www.ryerson.ca/senate/policies/pol60.pdf
Student Code of Non-Academic Conduct, http://www.ryerson.ca/senate/policies/pol61.pdf
Undergraduate Academic Consideration and Appeals, http://www.ryerson.ca/senate/policies/pol134.pdf
Examination Policy, http://www.ryerson.ca/senate/policies/pol135.pdf
Accom.of Student Relig., Abor. and Spir. Observance, http://www.ryerson.ca/senate/policies/pol150.pdf
Est.of Stud. Email Accts for Official Univ. Commun., http://www.ryerson.ca/senate/policies/pol157.pdf
9. Students are required to obtain and maintain a Ryerson Matrix e-mail account for timely
communications between the instructor and the students.
10.Any changes in the course outline, test dates, marking or evaluation will be discussed in class prior to
being implemented.

Prepared by: _________________________________ Date: _________________________


P. Ouyang

Reviewed by: _________________________________ Date: _________________________


P.Walsh