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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem

BSS Feature Description 50 Automatic Noise Restraint

50 Automatic Noise Restraint

About This Chapter

50.1 Overview
This describes the definition and purposes of the automatic noise restraint (ANR). ANR
improves the speech quality in the case that the background noise exists.
50.2 Availability
This lists the NEs and software required for the implementation of ANR.
50.3 Technical Description
This describes the technical aspects of ANR. ANR periodically analyzes the speech signals.
Through the energy estimation, SNR estimation, sound measurement estimation, and frequency
offset estimation of different frequency bands, ANR identifies the background noise and
performs the filtering based on decision updates to obtain the time speech signals after noise
cancellation.
50.4 Implementation
This describes how to configure ANR.
50.5 Maintenance Information
None.
50.6 References
None.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem
50 Automatic Noise Restraint BSS Feature Description

50.1 Overview
This describes the definition and purposes of the automatic noise restraint (ANR). ANR
improves the speech quality in the case that the background noise exists.

Definition
ANR processes the uplink speech signals after decoding and filters the background noise.

Purposes
ANR reduces the background noise in the uplink speech signals and improves the SNR and
speech intelligibility. Thus, the speech signals are clear on the peer end.

Terms
Terms Definition

Speech intelligibility Intelligibility of speech information.

Window General method for speech preprocessing, like Haming


window.

Acronyms and Abbreviations


Acronyms
and
Abbreviation
s Full Spelling

ANR Automatic Noise Reduction

SNR Signal Noise Ratio

FFT Fast Fourier Transform Algorithm

IFFT Inverse Fast Fourier Transform Algorithm

TFO Tandem Free Operation

50.2 Availability
This lists the NEs and software required for the implementation of ANR.

Network Elements Involved


Table 50-1 lists the NEs related to ANR.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem
BSS Feature Description 50 Automatic Noise Restraint

Table 50-1 NEs related to ANR

MS BTS BSC MSC MGW SGSN GGSN HLR

- - √ - - - - -
NOTE
l -: not involved

l √: involved

Software Releases
Table 50-2 lists the versions of GBSS products that support ANR.

Table 50-2 GBSS products and software versions

Product Version

BSC BSC6000 V900R003C01 and later


releases

Miscellaneous
None.

50.3 Technical Description


This describes the technical aspects of ANR. ANR periodically analyzes the speech signals.
Through the energy estimation, SNR estimation, sound measurement estimation, and frequency
offset estimation of different frequency bands, ANR identifies the background noise and
performs the filtering based on decision updates to obtain the time speech signals after noise
cancellation.
The processing procedure of the ANR is as follows:
1. The system performs weighting and window processing on the speech signals.
2. The system performs FFT to translate time speech signals into frequency speech signals.
3. The system divides the generated frequency speech signals into 16 bands for energy
estimation.
4. The system performs the SNR estimation based on the noise energy of each band.
5. After the SNR estimation, each SNR is associated with a sound measurement estimation
value. The system accumulates the sound measurement estimation values of 16 bands to
obtain the sum.
6. The system performs the frequency offset estimation.
(1) The transient energy of each band is expressed in unit of dB.
(2) The system compares the transient energy with the mean energy of each band and
obtains the frequency offset.

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50 Automatic Noise Restraint BSS Feature Description

(3) The system accumulates the frequency offset of each band and obtains the overall
frequency offset estimation.
NOTE

The mean energy of each band is calculated through the smooth method. The smooth coefficient is
related to the total energy of current frames and should be calculated for each frame.
7. The signals with too small sound measurement or frequency offset are identified as the
noise signals.
8. The system calculates the frequency band gain.
NOTE

The frequency band gain is SNR-related and cannot exceed 1.


9. After the noise identification, the frequency speech signals of each band is weighted by its
band gain to complete the frequency filtering.
10. The system restores the time speech signals through IFFT.

CAUTION
l ANR takes effect in real time.
l If TFO is activated in a call, ANR automatically becomes unavailable in the call.
l When you use a speech quality test device (like the DSLA), disable ANR to obtain the
accurate test data.

50.4 Implementation
This describes how to configure ANR.

50.4.1 Configuring Automatic Noise Restraint


This describes how to configure ANR on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

50.4.1 Configuring Automatic Noise Restraint


This describes how to configure ANR on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

Procedure
Step 1 On the BSC Device Panel of the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, right-click the target
GDPUC and then select Configure Board Attributes. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in
Figure 50-1.
Specify the Load Key.

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BSS Feature Description 50 Automatic Noise Restraint

Figure 50-1 Configuring the attributes of the GDPUC

Step 2 Click Next. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 50-2.

Specify the ANR Switch.

NOTE

Select Configure All in the DSPTC Attributes area.

Figure 50-2 DSPTC

Step 3 Click Finish. The configuration is complete.

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50 Automatic Noise Restraint BSS Feature Description

Step 4 Repeat the steps to configure the attributes of other GDPUCs.

----End

Postrequisite
Make a call from an MS to a fixed telephone. Determine whether the background noise received
on the fixed telephone end is reduced and whether the speech quality is optimized.

50.5 Maintenance Information


None.

Alarms
None.

Counters
None.

50.6 References
None.

50-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Issue 03 (2008-01-25)


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