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Drug study

Name of Drug Method of Mechanism of Action Indications Adverse Reaction Nursing


Administration Responsibilities
Generic Name: Route: -Bactericidal:Inhbits -acute infection with - headache, - Administer oral
DNA synthesis in susceptible dizziness, ataxia, doses with food.
Metronidazole IV specific anaerobes , anaerobic bacteria unpleasant metallic - Take full course of
causing cell death; -acute intestinal taste, nausea, drug therapy.
antiprotozoal- amebiasis insomnia, vomiting, - Do not drink
Brand Name: Dosage: trichomonacidal, -amebic liver diarrhea, dsyuria, alcohol, severe
amebicidal: abscess darkening of urine, reactions may
Flagyl 500mg Biochemical -trichomoniasis GI cramps occur.
mechanism of action - Report GI upset,
is unknown dizziness, unusual
Classification: Frequency: Contraindications: fatigue or
-Hypersensitivity to weakness, fever,
Amebicide q8° metronidazole chills.
Antibacterial
Antibiotic
Antiprotozoal
Name of Drug Method of Mechanism of Action Indications Adverse Reaction Nursing
Administration Responsibilities

Generic Name: Route: Decreases fever by -treatment for fever Drowsiness, nausea, - Assess patient’s
inhibiting the effects vomiting, abdominal temperature
Paracetamol Oral of pyrogens on the pain, hepatotoxicity, - assess allergic
hypothalamic heat Contraindications: renal failure(high, reactions:rash,
regulating centers - Hypersensitivity; prolonged urticaria; if these
Brand Name: Dosage: and by a intolerance to doses)rash, occur, drug may
hypothalamic action tartrazine, alcohol, urticaria, cyanosis, have to be
Aeknil 500 mg/ Tab 1 tab leading to sweating table sugar, anemia, jaundice, discontinued
and vasodilation. saccharin delirium followed by - check I&O ratio;
vascular collapse, decrease output
Classification: Frequency: convulsions, coma, may indicate renal
death. failure
Antipyretic q4° prn for fever -give with food or
Analgesic milk to decrease
gastric symptoms;
give 30 mins. Before
or 2 hrs. after
meals.
Name of Drug Method of Mechanism of Action Indications Adverse Reaction Nursing
Administration Responsibilities

Generic Name: Route: Bactericidal; -Ciprofloxacin is used -Nausea, Diarrhea, - Do not skip doses,
interferes with DNA in the treatment of Dyspepsia, take full course of
replication in chronic bacterial Vomiting, therapy.
Ciprofloxacin IV susceptible bacteria prostatitis. It is also Constipation,Flatule
used in the treatment
-Take with 8 oz
preventing cell nce, Confusion,
of skin or skin water, drink several
reproduction. Abdominal pain or
structure, GI tract, glasses of water
discomfort,
bone or joint, lower between meals.
Brand Name: Dosage: Headache,
respiratory tract, and Insomnia, Dry -Eat or drink high
Proquin urinary tract sources of ascorbic
mouth, Paresthesia
250mg infections. acid, like cranberry
Ciprofloxacin is also juice or citrus fruits,
used in the treatment to prevent
Classification: of chancroid. crystalluria.
Frequency: Ciprofloxacin is also -Do not take
used in the treatment antacids.
Antibacterial
of infectious diarrhea, -Shake suspension
q12° uncomplicated well before using.
gonorrhea, empiric
treatment of febrile -Do not chew
neutropenia, and microcapsules in
acute sinusitis. It can suspension.
also be used for -Sugarless gum or
conjunctival keratitis, hard candy may
keratoconjunctivitis, relieve bad taste.
corneal ulcers,
blepharitis,
dacrocystitis,
blepharoconjunctivitis,
and acute
meibomianitis.

Contraindications:
-Hypersensitivity to
ciprofloxacin
Name of Drug Method of Mechanism of Action Indications Adverse Reaction Nursing
Administration Responsibilities

Generic Name: Route: Relives cramps or Acute GI, biliary & -constipation, dry Avoid driving &
spasm of the genitourinary mouth, operating
Hyoscine IV stomach, intestines spasm, including photophobia, machinery after
butylbromide and bladder. biliary & flushing, skin rash. parenteral
renal colic. Busopan may also administration.
Brand Name: Dosage: Parenterally also cause urinary
as an aid in urgency and urinary
Buscopan 4amp. X 3 doses diagnostic & retention
therapeutic
procedures eg
Classification: Frequency: gastroduodenal
endoscopy,
AntiSpasmodic q8° radiology.

Contraindications:
- glaucoma
- myasthenia gravis
- paralytic ileus
- pyloric stenosis
- prostatic
enlargement
LABORATORY RESULTS

PARASITOLOGY
11/17/10

Color: yellowish brown OTHERS: WBC: 6-8


Form: watery RBC: 1-2
Consistency: mucoid Yeast Cell: few
Amoeba : E. histolytica Bacteria: Moderate

BLOOD CHEMISTRY
11/17/10

Result Normal
Sodium (Na) : 131.8 135-148 mmol/L
Potassium(K) : 3.28 3.5-5.3 mmol/L