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JC2 Preliminary Examination 2010


Wednesday 15 September 2010 3 hours

Additional materials: Answer paper
Cover Page
List of Formulae (MF15)
Graph Paper

Name: _______________________

Class: _______________________

At the end of the examination, place the completed cover page on top of your answer scripts and
fasten all your work securely together with the string provided.

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST For Candidate’s For Examiner’s

Use Use
Write your name and class on all the work you hand in, including
the Cover Page. Question Marks
Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper. Number Obtained
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs. 1
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction
fluid. 2
Do not write anything on the List of Formulae (MF15).
Answer all the questions.
Begin each answer on a fresh page of paper. 5
Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, 6
or 1 decimal place in the case of angles in degrees, unless a
different level of accuracy is specified in the question. 7
You are expected to use a graphic calculator. 8
Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed
unless a question specifically states otherwise. 9
Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not 10
allowed in a question, you are required to present the
mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not 11
calculator commands.
You are required of the need for clear presentation in your

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each Calculator Model:
question or part question.

This document consists of 7 printed pages including this page.

Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]

1 Express in partial fractions. [1]
4n 2 − 1

1− n 2− n 2
Let an = 2 − 2 + 2
4n − 1
By using the method of differences, find, in terms of N, an expression for S N , where
S N = a1 + a2 + K + aN , simplifying your result. [3]

Deduce the limit of S N as N → ∞ . [1]

2 The complex number z satisfies the relations 5 < z + 4 − 3i ≤ 8 and arg ( iz ) ≥ 0 .

Illustrate both of these relations on a single Argand diagram. [3]

Hence find
(i) the maximum value of z + 4 , [1]
(ii) the range of values of arg ( z + 4 ) . [2]

3 The parametric equations of a curve are

x = cos θ , y = sin 2θ − sin θ , 0π≤ θ ≤

(a) Find and hence determine the exact x-coordinates of the points for which the
tangents to the curve are parallel to the x-axis. [4]

Given that the Cartesian equation of the curve is y = ( 2 x − 1) 1 − x 2 .

The finite region bounded by the curve, x-axis, y-axis and the line x = k where −1 < k < 0 ,
k ∈ R , is rotated through 2π radians about the x–axis.

(b) Find the value of k such that the volume of the solid generated is 2π units 3 . [4]
4 The figure below shows a cuboid positioned on level ground so that it rests on one of its
vertices, O. The vectors i and j are on the ground.

r uuur uuur
Given that OA = 3i − 12 j + 3k , OB = 2i + j + 2k and OC = −2i + 2k

(i) Show that the position vector of X is i − 12 j + 5k . [1]

(ii) State the height of X above the ground. Hence find the angle between OX and the
level ground, giving your answer to nearest 0.1o. [3]
(iii) Find the equation of plane BDX in the form of r • n = d [3]
(iv) Find the acute angle between planes BDX and OBDC, giving your answer to
nearest 0.1o [3]

d2 y dy
5 Given that y = ln ( 1 + 2 x ) , show that ( 1 + 2 x ) 2
+2 =0. [1]
dx dx

(i) By repeated differentiation of this result, find the Maclaurin’s expansion for y up to
and including the term in x5 . [5]
(ii) By writing down the Maclaurin’s expansion of ln ( 1 − 2x ) , show that
 1+ 2x   8 3 32 5 
ln   = 2 2 x + x + x + K  [2]
 1− 2x   3 5 
∞ 1
(iii) Use the series in part (ii) for x = , find the exact value of ∑ 2 r +1 . [3]
4 r =0 ( 2r + 1) 2
Section B: Statistics [60 marks]

6 A bag contains eleven small discs, which are identical except that 6 of the discs are blank
and five of the discs are numbered, using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. The bag is shaken
and four discs are taken one at a time without replacement.
(i) Show that the probability that the disc numbered “3” is not taken is . [1]
(ii) Find the probability that exactly two numbered discs are taken, given that the disc
numbered “3” is taken. [3]

7 [In this problem, you may assume that the mean and variance of the score on the uppermost
face for each rolling of a fair die are respectively 3.5 and .]
A fair die is rolled n times, where n > 50.

The probability that the sum of the scores on the uppermost face is more than 365 is
at least 0.05. By using a suitable approximation, show that n satisfies the inequality
3.5n + 2.809 n − 365 ≥ 0
Hence find the least value of n. [4]

8 12 friends decide to celebrate the completion of their last paper of a major examination with
a sumptuous dinner.

(i) Find the number of ways they can form themselves into 3 groups of 4 people each
for the purpose of taking taxis to the restaurant. [2]

Among these 12 friends are Alex, Benjamin and Charles.

(ii) Find the number of ways these 12 friends can be seated around a round table if Alex
must sit beside Benjamin and Charles must not sit next to Alex. [3]

After the dinner, 4 friends from this group decide to go for a late night movie. The cinema
presents them some publicity postcards produced by the movie company. There are 3
identical postcards featuring the lead actress and 2 identical postcards featuring an action
group scene.

(iii) Find the number of ways the cards can be distributed if these 4 friends select one
postcard each. [2]
9 An ice-cream shop provides two types of paper cups, regular or large, for its customers.
Each customer picks a cup according to his appetite, fills it with ice-cream of flavours of his
choice. The mass of each cup together with its ice-cream content is measured at the cashier
with a weighing machine, and the customer is charged at a rate of $2 per 100g measured.

Let X and Y be the respective mass, in grammes, of the regular and large cups with their ice-
cream content. It is found that both X and Y independently follows a normal distribution,
with parameters given in the table below:

Mean Standard Deviation

X, the mass of a regular cup with ice-cream content 200 30
Y, the mass of a large cup with ice-cream content 350 60

A family of six, consisting of a couple and four boys, enters the ice-cream shop. The couple
decides to share ice-cream in a large cup and each of the boys independently takes a regular
cup of ice-cream.

(i) Show that the probability that one of the boys pay more than $5 for his regular cup of
ice-cream and the other three pay less than $4 each is 0.0239. [2]

(ii) Find the probability that total cost of the children’s regular cups of ice-cream exceeds
twice that of the parents’ large cup of ice-cream. [3]

The mass, in grammes, of an empty regular cup is known to follow a normal distribution
with mean 30g and standard deviation 5g. The ice-cream content, in grammes, in a regular
cup also follows independently a normal distribution.
Find, with adequate justification, the variance of the ice-cream content in a regular cup. [2]

10 In the production of plastic sheets, scratches occur at random and independently at an

average of λ scratches per plastic sheet.

(i) Show that, if λ is sufficiently small, the probability that a plastic sheet has at least 2
scratches is approximately . [2]
500 plastic sheets produced by manufacturer A, for which the value of λ is 0.12, are
randomly selected and inspected for quality control. A plastic sheet will be rejected if it has
at least 2 scratches. Let Y denote the number of plastic sheets rejected.

(ii) State the exact distribution of Y. Find, by using a suitable approximation, the
probability that at most 6 plastic sheets are rejected. [4]

Another manufacturer B independently produces plastic sheets with an average of 0.5

scratches per plastic sheet. 25 plastic sheets from manufacturer A and 20 plastic sheets from
manufacturer B are randomly selected.

(iii) Using a suitable approximation, find the probability that there are a total of at least
11 scratches found in the 45 plastic sheets selected. [4]
11 The table shows the number of 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students in a college. The students
are distributed into 60 classes of 24 students each.

Year Number of students

1st 408
2nd 384
3rd 336
4th 312
Total 1440

At the beginning of the year, the school implemented a new web-based learning portal for all
its students.

(a) At the end of the year, a sample of 120 students is to be chosen to take part in a
survey that aims to investigate students’ opinions on this new portal.

(i) The school generates a list of the students arranged according to their classes
and, within each class, in descending order of the students’ performance in the
end-of-year examination. Explain why systematic sampling using this list as
the sampling frame would be inappropriate. [2]

(ii) Suggest how a stratified sample can be obtained and state one advantage of
adopting this sampling scheme in this context. [3]

(b) Based on records maintained over many years prior to the implementation of this
new web-based learning portal, it is known that the mean mark obtained by the
students in the end-of year examinations is 63.

A random sample of 12 students who have used the new portal is taken and their
marks, x, in the end-of-year examination are summarized as:

∑ x = 806 , ∑ x 2
= 54764 .

(i) Calculate unbiased estimates of the mean and variance of a student’s marks in
the end-of-year examination. [3]

(ii) Test, at 5% level of significance, whether the new portal is effective in

increasing students’ mean marks in the end-of-year examination. State an
assumption made for the test to be valid. [5]

Justify whether your conclusion would be changed if a wrong test-statistic were used
in (ii) instead. [1]
12 [A sheet of graph paper is provided for use in this question.]

Alice obtains cash from an ATM (cash machine). She suspects that the rate at which she
spends cash is affected by the amount of cash she withdrew at her previous visit to an ATM.

To investigate this she deliberately varies the amounts she withdraws. She records, for each
visit to an ATM, the amount, $x, withdrawn, and the number of hours, y, until her next visit
to an ATM. The following is her data for the 2-month period from April to May.

Withdrawal 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
x 40 100 120 150 30 90 80 130
y 56 195 94 270 52 196 214 286

(i) Calculate the equation of the regression line of y on x and sketch this line on the
scatter diagram of the data. [4]

(ii) Alice made one withdrawal immediately before going on a weekend visit to Kuala
Lumpur, Malaysia. Identify the most likely withdrawal, giving a reason. [2]

By removing the exceptional case in (ii), the product-moment correlation coefficient of the
remaining data is computed to be 0.949.

(iii) Write down the equation of the corresponding regression line of y on x. Hence
estimate the number of hours, correct to nearest integer, until Alice’s next visit to the
ATM if she withdraws $50. Comment on the reliability of the estimate. [4]

(iv) Alice also fits a model of the form y = a + b ln x to her data. Estimate, using this
model, the number of hours, correct to nearest integer, until Alice’s next visit to the
ATM if she makes the minimum withdrawal of $20 and explain why the model
would probably not be appropriate in this context. [3]

In the months of November and December, Alice collected data for her 8 withdrawals.
Alice then combined all her data for the months of April, May, November and December,
with the exceptional case in (ii) removed, and computed the resulting product-moment
correlation coefficient to be 0.426.

(v) Comment, in context, on the significance of this value. [1]

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