Type Founded

Private San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007)

Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Document Sharing | 234
[2] [1]

Services Slogan Website Alexa rank Type of site Available in

Social Software English

Current status active

Scribd (pronounced English pronunciation: /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006.[3] Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu.[4]

The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore.[5] In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store,[6] and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd.[7] Over 150 professional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro. [8] Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August, 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.[9]

Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. [20] Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald.000 from Y Combinator.[19] Also in April 2010.[29] All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs.[28] iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office.[10] In December 2009. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format.[30] If the requirements are not met. OpenOffice. which is the default setting in Flash. Sacks. Their current valuation is likely much higher. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411.[24] Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. the white or gray display area is simply blank. OpenDocument documents. which allows users to embed documents into a web page.[14] [15] After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award.[4] Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. [31] Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”.[13] On September 1. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone).Scribd 2 Awards/recognition In September 2009. and received over USD $3. [11] Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. only a few applications use this API. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. in July. and Linux) without conversion. and PostScript files.[16] Timeline In February 2010. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. there is no message. Prior to the $9 million round. “the social network for reading. and hired as president George Consagra. 2010. . PDFs. however.[25] Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue XML documents. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. Scribd was valued at $10 million.”[21] Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. David O.[22] [23] In December 2008.[12] In May 2010. 2010. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd.[27] In August. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011.[26] It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. Mac OS. [17] In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"[18] which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. PowerPoint presentations.

Le Guin. Ford Motor Company. Federal Communications Commission (FCC)."[40] Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. HewlettPackard.0 Conference in San Francisco.”[34] 3 Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. . UNICEF. Now any document can become a Web page. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.[43] The suit was dropped in July 2010. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". the U.[39] In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. World Economic Forum. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. and Manning Publications.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday.[45] In June 2010. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents.S. Thomas Nelson.Scribd On May 5.[37] Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content online."[41] [42] On May 11. writing in the New York Times. Motoko Rich. 2010. These include Random House.”"[33] In July. Simon & Schuster. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. and Samsung. Workman Publishing Company. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5.[44] Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2.000. The World Bank.[36] California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. 2009.[38] Criticism Copyright issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin.[35] Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. [32] TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. Red Cross.

publishersweekly. . nytimes. "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd" (http:/ / blogs. nytimes. .sxi. Retrieved 11 october Rich Text Format (. The New York" (http:/ / www. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies.rtf) See also • • • • • Docstoc Google Docs Issuu WePapers Yudu Media References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] http:/ / www. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. Forbes. scribd. . . html). com/ ss/ 09/ 11/ 1112_most_intriguing_companies/ 21.pptx) Microsoft Word (. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. . 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2010-04-15.odt. com/ article/ CA6640708. alexa.sxc) Plain text (. GigaOM. techcrunch.odp.Scribd 4 Controversy Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. htm).com. . . com). [11] "The Next Hot Start-Ups" (http:/ / www. Reuters.pps.ods) OpenOffice. . forbes. html?q=scribd/ ). . htm). com/ 2009/ 06/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12books. In August 2010.xls. alexa.ppt. .sxw. com/ siteinfo/ scribd. "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/" (http:/ / www.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. Brad Stone (11 July 2009). "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010" (http:/ / images. Retrieved 2009-10-07. "" (http:/ / www. . "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd. Supported file formats Supported formats include:[49] • • • • • • • • • Microsoft Excel (. . Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd" (http:/ / www. businessweek.txt) Portable Document Format (. Retrieved 2009-12-03. . . . Business Week. "Scribd raises 9 million" (http:/ / gigaom. . businessweek. com/ ss/ 10/ 04/ 0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/ 2. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/ ). "Publishers. com/ 2009/ 12/ 03/ zynga-facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. com/ mediafile/ 2009/ 10/ 07/ from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/ ). The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. com/ 2009/ 05/ 18/ technology/ start-ups/" (http:/ / www.pdf) PostScript (. com/ "Scribd. Retrieved 11 October XML formats (. . com/ 2008/ 12/ 31/ scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-did-the-web-document/ ). Brad Stone (17 May 2009).doc. html). The New York Times. .docx) OpenDocument formats (. BusinessWeek. Retrieved 2010. html). reuters. . [10] "The World's Most Intriguing Startups" (http:/ / images.[46] [47] [48] In July 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-01.

29 March 2009. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos" (http:/ / techcrunch. uk/ technology/ 2009/ jul/ 22/ scribd-trip-adler-youtube). CNN. Retrieved October 11. htm). Retrieved 2010-01-01. . scribd. wired. com/ app/ scribd/ ). com/ 8301-27076_3-20003081-248. . wsj. macromedia. CNET News. com/ monkeybites/ 2008/ 02/ ipaper-a-simple. [16] "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2010-04-21. 29 March 2009. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-4-21. TechDirt. com/ 2009/ 05/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12digital. . [43] "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. [13] "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards" (http:/ / www. Retrieved October 11. Retrieved 2010-04-15. com/ MarkWarner). . [33] Erick Schonfeld (May 5. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. . TechCrunch. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. scribd. [39] Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). TechCrunch. . Fast Company. [27] Johnson. scribd. [29] "Scribd on your iPhone" (http:/ / blog. Retrieved 1 January 2010. html?em). Retrieved 2009-09-19. [40] Johnson. "Scribd Plans Mobile Application" (http:/ / online. 2010-04-21. [23] "Scribd" (http:/ / www. [31] "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release" (http:/ / www. 2009-03-10. . com/ 2010/ 09/ 01/ technology-pioneers-2011-foursquare-scribd-spotify/ ). .uk. techcrunch. Retrieved 2010-09-01. appappeal. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. . Time. com/ 2010/ 05/ 05/ scribd-html5/ ). html?part=rss& subj=news& tag=2547-1_3-0-5). com/ doc/ 29110682/ Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Release). 5 . Retrieved 2010-02-10. [18] "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy" (http:/ / news.2017050_2017049_2017046. com/ san-francisco-companies. org/ en/ media/ Latest News Releases/ NR_TP2011) com/ 2008/ 04/ 05/ scribd-on-your-iphone/ ). . . London: guardian. . Retrieved 2010-01-01. web2expo. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. 2010. . publishersweekly. marketwire. . html). Retrieved 1 January 2010. com/ pw/ by-topic/ digital/ content-and-e-books/ article/ 43942-betting-the-house-on-html5. Macromedia. [42] Motoko Rich (2009-09-19). com/ 20100719/ digital-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/ ?mod=ATD_search). CNet. Bobbie (2009-09-21). (2010-02-10). com/ mic/ 2010/ industry/ most-innovative-media-companies). lead411. html). shtml). Retrieved 2010-05-06. [38] "Major book publishers turn to scribd" (http:/ / techcrunch. [30] "Global Storage Settings panel" (http:/ / www. [20] "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect" (http:/ / tech. html). [34] "Betting the House on HTML 5" (http:/ / www. Apple Exec to AOL. . "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement" (http:/ / . com/ article/ SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. com/ 2007/ 06/ 04/ scribd-banks-35-million-from-redpoint/ ). [14] "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011" (http:/ / www. cnet. [32] "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-07-19. techdirt.5 Million from Redpoint" (http:/ / scribd. . . [41] Greg Sandoval (September 19. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" (http:/ / www. . 2009). [17] Fowler. Yahoo Exec to Google!" (http:/ / kara. com/ 2010/ 04/ 21/ scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/ ). "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5" (http:/ / techcrunch. [35] "YouTube for documents" (http:/ / techcrunch. com/ 2009/ 03/ 17/ major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/ ). Scribd. Retrieved 2009-02-01. com/ company/ scribd). html?tag=mncol). The Guardian (London). Web 2. 2010). Geoffrey A. Scribd. Retrieved 2009-05-11. . Retrieved 22 September 2010. techcrunch. . [24] "Scribd raises $9 million. appappeal. . Retrieved 2010-04-15. . guardian. By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?" (http:/ / www. .co. . TechCrunch. "scribd" (http:/ / www. [22] "Scribd Banks $3. guardian. weforum. [15] "Foursquare.Scribd [12] "Most Innovative Media Companies" (http:/ / www. [21] "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A “Social Network For Reading”" (http:/ / techcrunch.00. Marketwire. 29 March 2009. html). crunchbase. . cnet. allthingsd. 2010. Publishers Weekly. crunchbase. co. cnn. Retrieved 2010-07-26. com/ support/ documentation/ en/ flashplayer/ help/ settings_manager03. . The New York Times. All Things Digital. [19] "Scribd launches readcast" (http:/ / www. [26] "Scribd" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-09-13. html). com/ 2010/ 09/ 13/ scribd-redesign/ ). CrunchBase. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-hires-new-president-for-social-publishing/ ). fortune. cnet.. Bobbie (22 July 2009). com/ webexsf2010/ public/ schedule/ detail/ 15348). [36] "Mark Warner" (http:/ / www. html). uk/ technology/ 2009/ sep/ 21/ scribd-lawsuit). time. com/ articles/ 20100719/ 12105310280. nytimes. html). . . Retrieved 2009-09-21. Retrieved 1 January 2010. . Retrieved 2010-04-15. [25] "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. [37] "Scribd" (http:/ / www. com/ press-release/ Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Reading-More-Social-1151594.0 Expo. Retrieved 22 September 2010. com/ company/ scribd#src4). . hires new president for social publishing" (http:/ / venturebeat. fastcompany. [28] "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web" (http:/ / blog. com/ 2007/ 03/ 06/ scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/ ). com/ time/ specials/ packages/ article/ 0.

. techdirt. shtml/ ). cnet. com/ 8301-1009_3-10197789-83. Brad (29 March 2009).scribd.fortune) . "passwords of comcast customers exposed" (http:/ / bits. cnet. [45] "Scribd looks like a winner" (http:/ / techcrunch.scribd. 19 July 2009. . Retrieved 24 September 2010. Scribd. 2009). . Retrieved 1 January . TechDirt. com/ 2007/ 03/ 25/ scribd-growing-like-youtube/ ). Retrieved 1 January 2010. nytimes. [49] Jason (February 26. TechCrunch. Scribd. Retrieved 1 January 2010. [48] "Comcast passwords exposed" (http:/ / hothardware. html). FAQs. nytimes. com/ articles/ 20090919/ 1907586243. 6 External links • Official website (http://www. hothardware. [47] "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web" (http:/ / news. disruptors. • Video: 'YouTube' for writers (http://money. Retrieved October 11.Scribd [44] "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyrights Has Been Dumped" (http:/ / www. 29 March 2009. 29 March 2009. 29 March 2009. scribd. and Forums/FAQ: Retrieved 1 January 2010. 2010. com/ 2009/ 03/ 16/ passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-exposed/ ). . blogs. "Info.cnn. Uploading and Managing Documents" (http:/ / support. com/ News/ Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/ ).com/video/ft/#/video/fortune/2009/01/26/fortune. com/ forums/ 35566/ entries/ 25092). [46] Stone.

Kxmsf. Fritzpoll. Gyrobo. L Kensington. Masrudin. Urbanrenewal. Cappert. Gary King. Aidar24. Spoon!. AndyAgr. ChrisSquire99. Novonium. S. Batmandk. Thesupermat. Ground Zero.wikipedia. SummerWithMorons. Ineedspeed2007.php?title=File:Scribd_logo. 75 anonymous edits Image Sources. Shaw. R. Falcon8765. MarB4. Jm3. Rudymoman. Tastiles. MER-C. Melab-1.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. Dale Arnett. Motyka. Chris the speller. Feministo. Reach Out to the Truth. User:Salavat License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Psychonaut. DreamGuy. Riffic. Mcld. Apoc2400. Timneu22. User:Jasonbentley. Badmachine.eyes. CartesianAngst. Colfer2. Sgpsaros. Licenses and Contributors Image:Scribd logo. User:STBotI. YUL89YYZ. Dskrvk.png  Source: http://en. RISCfuture. LimeHat. Halo. Meco. Geo Swan. Adoniscik. ArnoldReinhold. Scarpy. Coercorash.png  License: unknown  Contributors: User:CartesianAngst. Stoffelsz.php?oldid=401369145  Contributors: 3dh3m. 0/ . org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3.wikipedia. Trivialist. WWB. Treyharris1. Tinyrock. Ida Shaw. Waterfox. Yama.Article Sources and Contributors 7 Article Sources and Contributors Scribd  Source: http://en. HaeB. Ajnnadeau. GoingBatty. Ph. ErkDemon. Jimbo Wales. Thumperward. Пика Пика.

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