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Private San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007)
Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Document Sharing | www.scribd.com 234
Services Slogan Website Alexa rank Type of site Available in
Social Software English
Current status active
Scribd (pronounced English pronunciation: /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu.
The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August, 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.
Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. PDFs.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. David O. PowerPoint presentations. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni.  In December 2008. in July. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. the white or gray display area is simply blank.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. OpenOffice. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. which is the default setting in Flash. however.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August. OpenDocument documents. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. If the requirements are not met. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. and Linux) without conversion. Their current valuation is likely much higher. Prior to the $9 million round. On September 1. Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. In May 2010.Scribd 2 Awards/recognition In September 2009. Also in April 2010. 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office.org XML documents. only a few applications use this API. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. 2010. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. Mac OS. In August.  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. In December 2009. 2010. and PostScript files. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. Sacks.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. . there is no message. Scribd was valued at $10 million. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. Timeline In February 2010. and received over USD $3.  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference.000 from Y Combinator.” Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. “the social network for reading. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. and hired as president George Consagra. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled.
" Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. Le Guin. UNICEF. Criticism Copyright issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. writing in the New York Times. The suit was dropped in July 2010. 2010. Motoko Rich. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner.S. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin.” 3 Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. and Manning Publications. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K. 2009. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Thomas Nelson. . SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66.”" In July. Now any document can become a Web page.Scribd On May 5.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5.0 Conference in San Francisco. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. The World Bank. Red Cross. HewlettPackard. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. the U. These include Random House."  On May 11.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors.000. World Economic Forum. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. Simon & Schuster. In June 2010. and Samsung. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content online. Workman Publishing Company. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. Ford Motor Company. California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR.
Scribd 4 Controversy Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. businessweek.sxi. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd" (http:/ / www. com/ 2008/ 12/ 31/ scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-did-the-web-document/ ). . "Scribd raises 9 million" (http:/ / gigaom. . com/ "Scribd. Brad Stone (11 July 2009).  "The Next Hot Start-Ups" (http:/ / www. com/ ss/ 10/ 04/ 0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/ 2. businessweek.docx) OpenDocument formats (.ps) Rich Text Format (. .xls. BusinessWeek. "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd" (http:/ / blogs. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. com/ siteinfo/ scribd. . htm). . 2009-10-07.pps.rtf) See also • • • • • Docstoc Google Docs Issuu WePapers Yudu Media References          http:/ / www.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. .sxc) Plain text (.  "The World's Most Intriguing Startups" (http:/ / images. Supported file formats Supported formats include: • • • • • • • • • Microsoft Excel (. html?q=scribd/ ). The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. .pdf) PostScript (. html). Forbes. com/ article/ CA6640708.ppt. com/ mediafile/ 2009/ 10/ 07/ from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/ ). The New York Times. publishersweekly. alexa. com/ 2009/ 06/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12books. "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/" (http:/ / www. "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010" (http:/ / images. htm).org XML formats (. Retrieved 2010-04-15.odp. nytimes. Retrieved 2009-12-03. . "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd.com" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 11 october 2010. com/ ss/ 09/ 11/ 1112_most_intriguing_companies/ 21. scribd.doc. alexa. .txt) Portable Document Format (. "" (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2010-01-01. Brad Stone (17 May 2009). html).odt. forbes. GigaOM. com). .com.sxw.pptx) Microsoft Word (. . . . . com/ 2009/ 05/ 18/ technology/ start-ups/ 18download. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/ ). .ods) OpenOffice. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies. Business Week. "Publishers. html). GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. Retrieved 2010. techcrunch.   In July 2010. . reuters. nytimes. The New York Times. . Retrieved 2009-10-07. . . com/ 2009/ 12/ 03/ zynga-facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. Retrieved 11 October 2010.com" (http:/ / www. Reuters. In August 2010.
Retrieved October 11.  "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing" (http:/ / www. TechCrunch.00. 5 .com. lead411.  "Foursquare.  "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release" (http:/ / www. com/ 2007/ 06/ 04/ scribd-banks-35-million-from-redpoint/ ). scribd. com/ company/ scribd#src4). Retrieved 22 September 2010. Retrieved October 11. London: guardian. . . com/ 2010/ 04/ 21/ scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/ ).  "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect" (http:/ / tech.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. Bobbie (22 July 2009).2017050_2017049_2017046.. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. Web 2. . com/ article/ SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. (2010-02-10).Scribd  "Most Innovative Media Companies" (http:/ / www. "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement" (http:/ / www. . . appappeal.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2010-07-19. cnet. . com/ time/ specials/ packages/ article/ 0. . . . crunchbase.  "Betting the House on HTML 5" (http:/ / www. TechCrunch.0 Expo. . com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. Retrieved 2010-04-15. htm).  "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life" (http:/ / www. guardian. CNet.  "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web" (http:/ / blog.  Motoko Rich (2009-05-11).  "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards" (http:/ / www.com. html?tag=mncol). com/ 2010/ 05/ 05/ scribd-html5/ ). cnet. html). co. techdirt.  Motoko Rich (2009-09-19). allthingsd. . hires new president for social publishing" (http:/ / venturebeat. Fast Company. com/ articles/ 20100719/ 12105310280.5 Million from Redpoint" (http:/ / www.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. nytimes.  Johnson.  "Mark Warner" (http:/ / www.  "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011" (http:/ / www. html). com/ 2007/ 03/ 06/ scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/ ). Wall Street Journal. CrunchBase. com/ app/ scribd/ ). . Retrieved 2010-04-15. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos" (http:/ / techcrunch. techcrunch.  Fowler. techcrunch. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" (http:/ / www. uk/ technology/ 2009/ sep/ 21/ scribd-lawsuit). uk/ technology/ 2009/ jul/ 22/ scribd-trip-adler-youtube). The Guardian (London).  "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A “Social Network For Reading”" (http:/ / techcrunch. . CNET News. . cnn. com/ 2009/ 05/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12digital. co. html). weforum. Retrieved 2010-04-15. macromedia. com/ 8301-27076_3-20003081-248. scribd. Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2009-05-11. "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5" (http:/ / techcrunch. Retrieved 2010-09-01. guardian. All Things Digital. com/ monkeybites/ 2008/ 02/ ipaper-a-simple.  "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd.uk. .  "Scribd on your iPhone" (http:/ / blog.  "Major book publishers turn to scribd" (http:/ / techcrunch. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. . . com/ 2009/ 03/ 17/ major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/ ). html). Retrieved 2010-07-26. . The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-01. Retrieved 1 January 2010. .  Greg Sandoval (September 19. Bobbie (2009-09-21). 2010-04-21. Apple Exec to AOL. Time. fortune. Macromedia. Retrieved 2010-02-10. Retrieved 1 January 2010. . web2expo. com/ support/ documentation/ en/ flashplayer/ help/ settings_manager03. Retrieved 2010-01-01. scribd. . com/ mic/ 2010/ industry/ most-innovative-media-companies). 29 March 2009. By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?" (http:/ / www. com/ press-release/ Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Reading-More-Social-1151594. publishersweekly. html). .co. appappeal.com. 2010).com. com/ san-francisco-companies.  "Scribd launches readcast" (http:/ / www. scribd. . html?part=rss& subj=news& tag=2547-1_3-0-5).  "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. Retrieved 2010-4-21. 29 March 2009. html?em). . shtml).  "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy" (http:/ / news. com/ webexsf2010/ public/ schedule/ detail/ 15348). Retrieved 2010-04-21. Marketwire. html). TechCrunch. "Scribd Plans Mobile Application" (http:/ / online. Scribd. wsj.  "Scribd Banks $3. "scribd" (http:/ / www. TechDirt. . com/ 2010/ 09/ 01/ technology-pioneers-2011-foursquare-scribd-spotify/ ). com/ MarkWarner). com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-hires-new-president-for-social-publishing/ ). . 2010. com/ doc/ 29110682/ Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Release). marketwire. 2009-03-10. Scribd. time. .  Erick Schonfeld (May 5.28804. . Retrieved 2009-09-19. com/ 20100719/ digital-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/ ?mod=ATD_search). fastcompany..com. CNN. wired.  "Global Storage Settings panel" (http:/ / www.  "Scribd raises $9 million. Yahoo Exec to Google!" (http:/ / kara. com/ 2010/ 09/ 13/ scribd-redesign/ ). 29 March 2009. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. Retrieved 2010-09-13. org/ en/ media/ Latest News Releases/ NR_TP2011).  Johnson. crunchbase. Retrieved 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2010-01-01. . 2009). Geoffrey A. . com/ company/ scribd). html). Retrieved 22 September 2010. cnet. .  "YouTube for documents" (http:/ / techcrunch. Retrieved 2009-09-21. 2010. com/ 2008/ 04/ 05/ scribd-on-your-iphone/ ). Retrieved 1 January 2010. com/ pw/ by-topic/ digital/ content-and-e-books/ article/ 43942-betting-the-house-on-html5.
cnet. FAQs. techdirt. com/ 2007/ 03/ 25/ scribd-growing-like-youtube/ ).  "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web" (http:/ / news.scribd. Retrieved 1 January 2010.scribd.  "Comcast passwords exposed" (http:/ / hothardware. Retrieved October 11. TechCrunch. com/ 8301-1009_3-10197789-83. "Info. .Scribd  "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyrights Has Been Dumped" (http:/ / www. blogs. scribd. .com/) • Video: 'YouTube' for writers (http://money.  "Scribd looks like a winner" (http:/ / techcrunch. "passwords of comcast customers exposed" (http:/ / bits.com/video/ft/#/video/fortune/2009/01/26/fortune. com/ News/ Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/ ). Retrieved 1 January 2010. . and Forums/FAQ: Writing. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 19 July 2009. html). com/ articles/ 20090919/ 1907586243. 2010. hothardware. Scribd. shtml/ ). Scribd. Retrieved 1 January 2010. com/ 2009/ 03/ 16/ passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-exposed/ ). . cnet.com. com/ forums/ 35566/ entries/ 25092). 29 March 2009.cnn. 29 March 2009.com. Uploading and Managing Documents" (http:/ / support.fortune) . Retrieved 24 September 2010. Brad (29 March 2009). TechDirt.  Jason (February 26. disruptors.com. nytimes. 2009). 6 External links • Official website (http://www.  Stone. nytimes. 29 March 2009. . .
org/w/index. AndyAgr. Tinyrock. Trivialist. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. Adoniscik. User:STBotI. HaeB. User:Salavat License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. R. ErkDemon. Spoon!.eyes. Chris the speller. Slipslide. SummerWithMorons.org/w/index. Ground Zero. Jimbo Wales. MER-C. Treyharris1. MarB4. S. Ajnnadeau. 75 anonymous edits Image Sources. Scarpy. Timneu22. ChrisSquire99. Ida Shaw.png Source: http://en. WWB. Melab-1. Mcld. Novonium. YUL89YYZ. Ph. Stoffelsz. 0/ . Fritzpoll. L Kensington. GoingBatty. Sgpsaros. Пика Пика. Aidar24.wikipedia. Badmachine. Falcon8765. Coercorash. Masrudin.php?oldid=401369145 Contributors: 3dh3m. Jm3. Gary King.wikipedia. Thesupermat. Waterfox. Thumperward.php?title=File:Scribd_logo. Lfh. Ineedspeed2007. Reach Out to the Truth. Halo. Meco. Kxmsf. Batmandk. DreamGuy. Yama. Cappert. Apoc2400.png License: unknown Contributors: User:CartesianAngst. User:Jasonbentley. Dskrvk. Gyrobo. Rudymoman. Colfer2. ArnoldReinhold. RISCfuture. Motyka. Tastiles.Article Sources and Contributors 7 Article Sources and Contributors Scribd Source: http://en. Licenses and Contributors Image:Scribd logo.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. Riffic. Urbanrenewal. Shaw. Dale Arnett. Feministo. LimeHat. Geo Swan. Psychonaut. CartesianAngst.
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