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Private San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007)
Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Document Sharing | www.scribd.com 234
Services Slogan Website Alexa rank Type of site Available in
Social Software English
Current status active
Scribd (pronounced English pronunciation: /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu.
The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August, 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.
former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. Their current valuation is likely much higher. Sacks. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. however. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. David O.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. In August. Also in April 2010.  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. On September 1.org XML documents. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. .  After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award.Scribd 2 Awards/recognition In September 2009. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. and received over USD $3. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs.  In December 2008. Timeline In February 2010. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. 2010. PowerPoint presentations. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. If the requirements are not met.” Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12. OpenDocument documents. PDFs. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. only a few applications use this API. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. In May 2010. the white or gray display area is simply blank. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. there is no message. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. 2010.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. Mac OS.000 from Y Combinator. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. In December 2009. OpenOffice.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. which is the default setting in Flash. Scribd was valued at $10 million. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. “the social network for reading. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. and PostScript files. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. Prior to the $9 million round. in July. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. and hired as president George Consagra.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. and Linux) without conversion.
Simon & Schuster. The suit was dropped in July 2010. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. The World Bank. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. Workman Publishing Company. Criticism Copyright issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. Red Cross.S. UNICEF. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5. 2010. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. the U. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66."  On May 11. 2009. Le Guin. HewlettPackard. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. Thomas Nelson. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". . Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. and Samsung. Motoko Rich.000." Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman.” 3 Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash.0 Conference in San Francisco. In June 2010. Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. and Manning Publications. Now any document can become a Web page. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content online.Scribd On May 5. Ford Motor Company. writing in the New York Times. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.”" In July. World Economic Forum. These include Random House.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday.
. com). "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010" (http:/ / images. com/ 2009/ 12/ 03/ zynga-facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. In August 2010.pps. "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd" (http:/ / blogs. Supported file formats Supported formats include: • • • • • • • • • Microsoft Excel (. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/ ). . Retrieved 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-03. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. com/ 2009/ 06/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12books. techcrunch.xls. com/ 2009/ 05/ 18/ technology/ start-ups/ 18download. "Scribd raises 9 million" (http:/ / gigaom. Retrieved 11 October 2010.  "The Next Hot Start-Ups" (http:/ / www. com/ "Scribd.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (.com. reuters. html?q=scribd/ ). . Brad Stone (17 May 2009).  "The World's Most Intriguing Startups" (http:/ / images. Forbes. . The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies.com" (http:/ / www. 2009-10-07. . publishersweekly. com/ article/ CA6640708. "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/" (http:/ / www. .rtf) See also • • • • • Docstoc Google Docs Issuu WePapers Yudu Media References          http:/ / www. . . Retrieved 11 october 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-15. . The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times.pptx) Microsoft Word (.ppt. . The New York Times. . Business Week. "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd. . .pdf) PostScript (. alexa. Retrieved 2009-10-07.doc. html).ps) Rich Text Format (.sxc) Plain text (.ods) OpenOffice. . . BusinessWeek. html). forbes. html).sxi. "Publishers.sxw.Scribd 4 Controversy Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd.   In July 2010. htm). nytimes.docx) OpenDocument formats (. . businessweek. htm). alexa. The New York Times. com/ 2008/ 12/ 31/ scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-did-the-web-document/ ). Reuters. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd" (http:/ / www. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. GigaOM.org XML formats (. com/ ss/ 10/ 04/ 0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/ 2. businessweek. . com/ ss/ 09/ 11/ 1112_most_intriguing_companies/ 21. Brad Stone (11 July 2009). Retrieved 2010-01-01. nytimes.com" (http:/ / www.odt. com/ mediafile/ 2009/ 10/ 07/ from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/ ).txt) Portable Document Format (.odp. . scribd. "" (http:/ / www. . com/ siteinfo/ scribd.
com. com/ MarkWarner). The Guardian (London). TechCrunch. fastcompany.  "Scribd on your iPhone" (http:/ / blog. shtml). . allthingsd.  Johnson. html). "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" (http:/ / www. . Retrieved 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2009-05-11. . Scribd. CNet. html?em). uk/ technology/ 2009/ jul/ 22/ scribd-trip-adler-youtube). Retrieved 2009-09-21. hires new president for social publishing" (http:/ / venturebeat. . Retrieved 2010-01-01. com/ app/ scribd/ ). London: guardian.  Motoko Rich (2009-09-19). 29 March 2009. . com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-hires-new-president-for-social-publishing/ ). com/ 2009/ 05/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12digital. crunchbase. ..  Greg Sandoval (September 19.  "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A “Social Network For Reading”" (http:/ / techcrunch. macromedia. com/ company/ scribd). uk/ technology/ 2009/ sep/ 21/ scribd-lawsuit). guardian.com. Retrieved 22 September 2010. com/ press-release/ Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Reading-More-Social-1151594. com/ 20100719/ digital-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/ ?mod=ATD_search). Retrieved 2010-07-26. "scribd" (http:/ / www. com/ pw/ by-topic/ digital/ content-and-e-books/ article/ 43942-betting-the-house-on-html5.  "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release" (http:/ / www. CNN. html?part=rss& subj=news& tag=2547-1_3-0-5).  "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy" (http:/ / news. Marketwire. By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?" (http:/ / www. com/ support/ documentation/ en/ flashplayer/ help/ settings_manager03. 2009).  "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web" (http:/ / blog. time. CrunchBase.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. Geoffrey A. appappeal. 29 March 2009.  "Scribd launches readcast" (http:/ / www. . 2009-03-10. html). com/ company/ scribd#src4). (2010-02-10). Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 22 September 2010.  "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. com/ article/ SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926.00.com. Apple Exec to AOL. . .  Fowler. 29 March 2009.  Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). html). . com/ 2007/ 03/ 06/ scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/ ). co. 2010. crunchbase. Retrieved 2010-07-19. web2expo. Time. publishersweekly. fortune. Bobbie (2009-09-21).  "Major book publishers turn to scribd" (http:/ / techcrunch.  "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011" (http:/ / www. . org/ en/ media/ Latest News Releases/ NR_TP2011).  "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect" (http:/ / tech. Macromedia. Retrieved 2010-09-13. com/ 2010/ 09/ 13/ scribd-redesign/ ). .  "Scribd Banks $3. 2010.  "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards" (http:/ / www..  "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life" (http:/ / www. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. com/ mic/ 2010/ industry/ most-innovative-media-companies). scribd.  "YouTube for documents" (http:/ / techcrunch. Retrieved 2009-02-01. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. com/ time/ specials/ packages/ article/ 0.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. .co. Retrieved 2010-4-21. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. html).uk.  "Foursquare. Publishers Weekly.2017050_2017049_2017046. Retrieved 2010-05-06.  "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing" (http:/ / www.0 Expo.  "Global Storage Settings panel" (http:/ / www. 2010). Retrieved October 11. co. "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5" (http:/ / techcrunch. . html).  "Betting the House on HTML 5" (http:/ / www.  "Scribd raises $9 million. . TechCrunch. nytimes. . weforum. lead411. . techcrunch. scribd. Bobbie (22 July 2009). . Retrieved October 11.Scribd  "Most Innovative Media Companies" (http:/ / www. html). com/ doc/ 29110682/ Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Release). com/ articles/ 20100719/ 12105310280. . . com/ 2010/ 09/ 01/ technology-pioneers-2011-foursquare-scribd-spotify/ ). htm). Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2010. appappeal. Retrieved 2009-09-19. scribd. . cnn. . com/ 2007/ 06/ 04/ scribd-banks-35-million-from-redpoint/ ). guardian. com/ 2010/ 05/ 05/ scribd-html5/ ). Retrieved 2010-04-15. . 5 . . Retrieved 2010-09-01. com/ 2008/ 04/ 05/ scribd-on-your-iphone/ ). Scribd. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. Retrieved 2010-04-15. wsj. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 2010-04-21. techcrunch. com/ monkeybites/ 2008/ 02/ ipaper-a-simple.  "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. Retrieved 2010-01-01. . com/ webexsf2010/ public/ schedule/ detail/ 15348). CNET News. . com/ 2009/ 03/ 17/ major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/ ). cnet. Retrieved 2010-04-21. . cnet. Fast Company.  Johnson. scribd. TechCrunch. techdirt. marketwire. com/ san-francisco-companies.  "Scribd" (http:/ / www. The New York Times. html?tag=mncol). "Scribd Plans Mobile Application" (http:/ / online. com/ 8301-27076_3-20003081-248.5 Million from Redpoint" (http:/ / www. com/ 2010/ 04/ 21/ scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/ ). . . Yahoo Exec to Google!" (http:/ / kara. wired. . All Things Digital. "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement" (http:/ / www.com. TechDirt. html).28804. . Retrieved 2010-04-15. . And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos" (http:/ / techcrunch.  "Mark Warner" (http:/ / www.com. Web 2. cnet.  Erick Schonfeld (May 5.
techdirt. FAQs. com/ articles/ 20090919/ 1907586243. cnet. Scribd. com/ 2009/ 03/ 16/ passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-exposed/ ). nytimes. 2009).  Stone.  Jason (February 26.scribd.  "Comcast passwords exposed" (http:/ / hothardware. . cnet. Brad (29 March 2009). com/ 8301-1009_3-10197789-83. 2010.fortune) .com/) • Video: 'YouTube' for writers (http://money. 29 March 2009. . "Info. Retrieved 1 January 2010. . . Scribd. shtml/ ). TechCrunch.  "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web" (http:/ / news. "passwords of comcast customers exposed" (http:/ / bits.com. scribd. and Forums/FAQ: Writing. 29 March 2009. 29 March 2009. com/ News/ Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/ ). com/ forums/ 35566/ entries/ 25092). Retrieved 1 January 2010.com. . Retrieved 24 September 2010.scribd. 19 July 2009.com.  "Scribd looks like a winner" (http:/ / techcrunch. Retrieved 1 January 2010. . com/ 2007/ 03/ 25/ scribd-growing-like-youtube/ ).cnn.com/video/ft/#/video/fortune/2009/01/26/fortune. Uploading and Managing Documents" (http:/ / support. nytimes. blogs.Scribd  "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyrights Has Been Dumped" (http:/ / www. Retrieved October 11. disruptors. 6 External links • Official website (http://www. Retrieved 1 January 2010. hothardware. TechDirt. html).
75 anonymous edits Image Sources.png License: unknown Contributors: User:CartesianAngst. Riffic. Trivialist. Ph. L Kensington. Slipslide.png Source: http://en. User:Jasonbentley. Tastiles. Sgpsaros. Urbanrenewal. Jimbo Wales. CartesianAngst. Aidar24. Gyrobo. ChrisSquire99. Coercorash. LimeHat. Ineedspeed2007. R. Psychonaut.wikipedia. Kxmsf. GoingBatty. ArnoldReinhold. Ajnnadeau. Feministo.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. Ground Zero. AndyAgr. Dskrvk. Yama. Badmachine. Timneu22. Thesupermat. Thumperward. Spoon!. Licenses and Contributors Image:Scribd logo. SummerWithMorons. Dale Arnett. WWB. YUL89YYZ. Meco. Mcld. Apoc2400.Article Sources and Contributors 7 Article Sources and Contributors Scribd Source: http://en. User:Salavat License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Waterfox. Colfer2. Novonium. Tinyrock. Geo Swan. Adoniscik. 0/ . Chris the speller. Shaw. Stoffelsz.org/w/index. User:STBotI. Jm3. Lfh. Falcon8765. Gary King.eyes. Scarpy.php?oldid=401369145 Contributors: 3dh3m. RISCfuture. Reach Out to the Truth. DreamGuy. Ida Shaw. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3.php?title=File:Scribd_logo. Motyka. ErkDemon. Masrudin. Rudymoman. MarB4. Treyharris1. MER-C.org/w/index. Пика Пика. Melab-1.wikipedia. Halo. S. Batmandk. HaeB. Fritzpoll. Cappert.