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TURMA EEAr-AFA-EFOMM-EN

MATÉRIA: INGLÊS
PROF: THAÍZA PINHEIRO
DATA: 18/02/2016

“SUA APROVAÇÃO CONFIRMADA”

“Se Deus encheu tua vida de obstáculos, é porque ele


PRONOME POSSESSIVO ADJETIVO
acredita na tua capacidade de passar por cada um.”
My
Your
PRONOUNS His
Her
PRONOMES PESSOAIS DO CASO RETO Its
Our
I Your
You Their
He
She Os pronomes possessivos adjetivos devem vir sempre antes do
It substantivo.
We
You Ex:
They
My son’s name is Nicolas
(O nome do meu filho é Nicolas).
Ex: Your house is huge (Sua casa é enorme).
Our mother likes ice cream (Nossa mãe gosta de sorvete).
I like pizza (I gosto de pizza).
You are studying English (Você está estudando inglês).
He is a doctor (Ele é um médico). PRONOME POSSESSIVO SUBSTANTIVO
She wants to buy a car (Ela quer comprar um carro).
We need to study (Nós precisamos estudar). Mine
You all should be quiet (Vocês todos devem ficar quietos). Yours
They are from Brazil (Eles são do Brasil). His
Hers
Its
Ours
PRONOMES PESSOAIS OBJETOS Yours
Theirs
Me
You Podem vir após o substantivo ou ainda substituir o substantivo a
Him que se referem, reduzindo a frase.
Her
It His kids are playing with mine. (As crianças dele estão brincando
Us com as minhas).
You
Them -His: pronome possessive adjetivo, antes do sujeito kids.
-Mine: pronome possessivo substantivo, substitui o substantivo
Ex: “kids” para evitar a repetição da mesma palavra várias vezes na
frase.
She loves him a lot (Ela o ama muito).
I saw her yesterday at the mall (Eu a vi ontem no shopping). Ex:
We are going to meet them (Nós vamos conhecê-los).
Can you send me an e-mail today? It is not my car, it’s hers.
(Você pode me enviar um e-mail hoje?) (Esse não é o meu carro, é o dela).
My friends went to the club with your.
(Meus amigos foram ao clube com os seus).

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TURMA EEAr-AFA-EFOMM-EN

MATÉRIA: INGLÊS
PROF: THAÍZA PINHEIRO
DATA: 18/02/2016

“SUA APROVAÇÃO CONFIRMADA”

PRONOME REFLEXIVO
- ANYBODY/ ANYONE: alguém, ninguém, qualquer um.
- ANYWHERE: algum lugar, nenhum lugar, qualquer lugar.
Myself
- ANYTHING: alguma coisa, nenhuma coisa, qualquer coisa.
Yourself
Himself
Ex:
Herself
Itself
Is anybody in here? (Tem alguém aqui?)
Ourselves
You can’t buy beer anywhere.
Yourselves
(Você não consegue comprar cerveja em lugar nenhum).
Themselves
Do you have anything interesting?
(Você tem alguma coisa interessante?).
O pronome reflexivo pode ser empregado certas vezes para dar
ênfase à pessoa que pratica a ação, dizendo que ela mesma por si
NO: Utilizado para expressar ideia negativa (não).
só praticou tal ação.

Ex:
Ex: There is no other way (Não há outro caminho).
- NOBODY/ NO ONE: ninguém.
Carlos himself did the homework
- NO WAY: de modo algum.
(O próprio Carlos fez o dever de casa).
- NOWHERE: em lugar algum.
I made the cake myself (Eu mesma fiz o bolo).
- NOTHING: nada.

PRONOMES INDEFINIDOS Ex: Nobody helped me (Ninguém me ajudou).


No way you are going to the party.
SOME: Utilizado em frases afirmativas, sempre antes do (De modo algum você irá para a festa).
substantivo. Nothing makes him happy (Nada o faz feliz).

Ex: Carina have some money (Carina tem algum dinheiro). NONE: Nenhum, nenhuma, ninguém ou nada. Utilizamos no
começo ou no fim da frase quando o verbo está na forma
- SOMEBODY / SOMEONE: alguém. afirmativa, mas a ideia é negativa.
- SOMEWHERE – algum lugar. None é usado no lugar de um pronome ou substantivo.
- SOMETHING: alguma coisa.
- SOMETIME: alguma vez.
Ex: Do you have any Money? None.
Ex: (Você tem algum dinheiro? Nenhum).
None of them is my friend (Nenhum deles é meu amigo).
There is somebody at the door (Tem alguém na porta)
Martha lives somewhere in Brazil.
(Martha mora em algum lugar no Brasil).
We will have dinner sometime tonight. PRONOMES RELATIVOS
(Nós vamos jantar alguma hora a noite)

ANY: Utilizado nas perguntas e respostas negativas, sempre antes WHO: que/quem. Usado para pessoas.
do substantivo.
Ex: Who is she? (Quem é ela?)
Ex: This is the boy who I love (Este é o menino que eu amo).
Do you have any money to lend me?
(Você tem algum dinheiro para me emprestar?)
WHOM: que/quem/o qual/ a qual: usado para pessoas,
No, I don’t have any money. Sorry. normalmente após preposição. É utilizado para frases mais formais.
(Não, eu não tenho nenhum dinheiro. Desculpe-me).
www.facebook.com/prepafirmacao TEL: 2457-4236 / 3012-8339
TURMA EEAr-AFA-EFOMM-EN

MATÉRIA: INGLÊS
PROF: THAÍZA PINHEIRO
DATA: 18/02/2016

“SUA APROVAÇÃO CONFIRMADA”

WHICH: que. Utilizado para coisas e animais.


PRONOMES INTERROGATIVOS
Ex: I watched a movie which was fantastic.
(Eu assisti um filme que era fantástico).
WHAT: o que/ que/ qual

Ex: What time is it? (Que horas são?)


WHOSE: cujo/cuja/ de quem: usado para indicar posse.
What are you doing? (O que você está fazendo?)
Ex: This is the girl whose father is my boss.
(Esta é a menina cujo pai é meu chefe).
WHERE: onde

Ex: Where do you study? (Onde você estuda?)


THAT: que. Utilizamos para coisas e pessoas. Tem a mesma função
que Who e which.

Ex: My city has a nice restaurant that makes na excelent food.


WHEN: quando
(Minha cidade tem um restaurante agradável que faz uma comida
excelente).
Ex: When will you travel? (Quando você vai viajar?)

PRONOMES DEMONSTRATIVOS WHO: quem

Singular Plural Ex: Who is he? (Quem é ele?)


Perto This These Who ate my chocolate? (Quem comeu meu chocolate?)
Longe That Those

WHOM: quem. Mais formal. Utilizamos após uma preposição.


THIS: utilizaremos para referir-nos a algo no singular e que está
perto de quem fala. Ex: With whom will you go? (Com quem você vai?)

Ex: This is my boyfriend (Este é o meu namorado).


WHOSE: de quem

Ex: Whose car is that? (De quem é aquele carro?)


THAT: utilizaremos para referir-nos a algo no singular e que está
longe de quem fala.
WHICH: qual, quais. Utilizamos para sentenças com opções
Ex: That is my Best friend (Aquele é o meu melhor amigo). limitadas de resposta.

Ex: Which one is your husband?


(Qual deles é o seu marido?)
THESE: utilizaremos para referir-nos a algo no plural e que está Which fruit do you prefer: apple or Orange?
perto de quem fala. (Qual é a sua fruta favorita: maça ou laranja?)

Ex: These are Amanda and Thiago.


(Estes são Amanda e Thiago). WHY: por que

Ex: Why are you here? (Por que você está aqui?)
THOSE: utilizaremos para referir-nos a algo no plural e que está Why don’t you play with us?
longe de quem fala. (Por que você não brinca conosco?)

Ex: Those are my parents (Aqueles são meus pais).

www.facebook.com/prepafirmacao TEL: 2457-4236 / 3012-8339


TURMA EEAr-AFA-EFOMM-EN

MATÉRIA: INGLÊS
PROF: THAÍZA PINHEIRO
DATA: 18/02/2016

“SUA APROVAÇÃO CONFIRMADA”

14. (ITA-1997 – ADAPTED)


The computer giant IBM has offered $1.1 million (730.000
Exercícios pounds) for a chess rematch between Garry Kasparov and
ITS super-computer, Deep Blue.
11. (ITA-1995 – ADAPTED)
– O termo ITS em maiúsculo no texto refere-se:
The defenders of Normandy were not the best of Hitler's
army. Those were in Russia and Italy, as well as in France,
a) ao computador de Garry Kasparov;
but on the other side of the Seine, the Pas-de-Calais, which the
b) a Deep Blue;
Germans thought the more likely invasion target. (Extracted from
c) à IBM;
Time – June 6, 1994)
d) ao computador gigante da IBM;
e) a Garry Kasparov.
– O pronome demonstrativo "those" faz referência aos:
15. (ITA-1999 – ADAPTED)
a) Soldados escalados para a defesa da Normandia.
Hardly __________ took Louis Frank seriously when he first
b) Soldados soviéticos da Ásia Central.
proposed, more than 10 years ago, that Earth was being
c) Soldados mais adestrados do exército de Hitler.
bombarded by cosmic snowballs at the rate of as many as 30 a
d) Soldados das divisões estacionárias.
minute.
e) Soldados russos, italianos e franceses.
– A lacuna deve ser preenchida por:

a) somebody.
12. (ITA-1997 – ADAPTED)
b) anybody.
The computer giant IBM has offered $1.1 million (730.000
c) someone.
pounds) for a chess rematch between Garry Kasparov and
d) everybody.
ITS super-computer, Deep Blue.
e) nobody.
– O termo ITS em maiúsculo no texto refere-se:
16. (ITA-2006)
a) ao computador de Garry Kasparov;
b) a Deep Blue;
c) à IBM;
d) ao computador gigante da IBM;
e) a Garry Kasparov.

13. (ITA-1999)
Leia o recado de Ho Chi Minh aos franceses, em 1946.

"You can kill 10 of my men for every one I kill of________, yet even
at those odds, you will lose and I will win."

– A lacuna na frase acima deve ser preenchida por:

a) yours.
b) them. – "A man named", no primeiro quadrinho, é equivalente a:
c) you.
d) theirs. a) a man whose name is.
e) your. b) a man that the name is.
c) a man who the name is.
d) a man whom the name is.
e) a man that is name.

www.facebook.com/prepafirmacao TEL: 2457-4236 / 3012-8339


TURMA EEAr-AFA-EFOMM-EN

MATÉRIA: INGLÊS
PROF: THAÍZA PINHEIRO
DATA: 18/02/2016

“SUA APROVAÇÃO CONFIRMADA”

17. (ITA-1992 – ADAPTED) 21. (UEL-1996)

No trecho: Mexicans can thank the peso crash for one thing: IT has forced
them to confront the country's deep-seated political problems.
"Some soy plantations in central Brazil are being transformed to Disappointed with the ruling party, the PRI, they are demanding a
sugarcane ethanol operations and environmentalists say that could truly First World government.
lead soy farmers to move into the Amazon for their crop, which is
also in high demand worldwide, particularly from China". – In the above text, IT refers to:

– a palavra which refere-se: a) Mexicans.


b) peso crash.
a) ao etanol de cana. c) PRI.
b) aos produtores de soja. d) Mexico.
c) à soja. e) political problems.
d) à Amazônia.
e) à China.

18. (UNIFESP-2008)
TEXT
Assinale a alternativa que corresponde à sequência de
pronomes que mais adequadamente completam a sentença Leia o trecho abaixo e responda às questões de 1 a 5
a seguir:
Mark Zuckerberg’s 650 Million Friends (and counting)
__________ cat is sick because __________ ate __________
spoiled food over there. Back in June 2009, the globe’s potpourri of social-networking sites
was extremely diverse: Google’s Orkut dominated India and Brazil;
a) Its; he; that b) Its; he; this c) His; its; this Central and South America preferred Hi5; Maktoob was king in the
Arab world. The Vietnamese liked Zing, the Czechs loved Lidé,
d) Its; it; that e) His; it; that South Koreans surfed Cyworld. Two years after that, and Facebook
has stolen users away from its rivals very fast. It’s completely
knocked Hi5 off the map in former strongholds such as Peru,
19. (CESGRANRIO-1991) Mexico, and Thailand. After a tense back-and-forth with Orkut in
India, Facebook has emerged victorious. And it’s becoming more
The pronoun IT in the sentence “When we eat something with popular in Armenia, Georgia, and the Netherlands, where local
sugar in it, particularly refined sugar, enzymes in the saliva in the providers are making a desperate last stand.
mouth begin to work immediately to change that sugar into a type There are some glaring exceptions to Facebook’s colonization kick.
of carbohydrate” refers to the word: Russians continue to use Vkontakte and Odnoklassniki, with
Facebook a distant fourth in the rankings. China remains highly
a) saliva. committed to domestic sites such as Qzone and Renren. But for the
b) sugar. rest of us, we’re living in Zuckerberg’s world.
c) mouth.
d) something.
e) refined sugar.
1. According to the text, Facebook’s boom on the Internet was in
20. - Assinale a alternativa correta:
[A] 2007.
They saw men and women talking to __________ own [B] 2008.
hearts. [C] 2009.
[D] 2010.
a) his [E] 2011.
b) her
c) them
d) they
e) their
www.facebook.com/prepafirmacao TEL: 2457-4236 / 3012-8339
TURMA EEAr-AFA-EFOMM-EN

MATÉRIA: INGLÊS
PROF: THAÍZA PINHEIRO
DATA: 18/02/2016

“SUA APROVAÇÃO CONFIRMADA”

Life and the Movies


Joey Potter looked at her friend Dawson Leery and she smiled
2 How many different social-networking sites are mentioned in the
sadly. “Life isn’t like a movie, Dawson,” she said. “We can’t write
text ?
happy endings to all our relationships.”
Joey was a pretty girl with long brown hair. Both Joey and Dawson
[A] Five.
were nearly sixteen years old. The two teenagers had problems. All
[B] Seven.
teenagers have the same problems - life, love, school work, and
[C] Nine.
parents. It isn’t easy to become an adult.
[D] Eleven.
Dawson loved movies. He had always loved movies. He took film
[ E] Thirteen.
classes in school. He made short movies himself. Dawson wanted
to be a film director. His favorite director was Steven Spielberg.
Dawson spent a lot of his free time filming with his video camera.
He loved watching videos of great movies from the past. Most
3.According to the text, Facebook is not number one in
evenings, he watched movies with Joey.
“These days, Dawson always wants us to behave like people in
[A] South America.
movies,” Joey thought. And life in the little seaside town of
[B] Peru, Mexico and Thailand.
Capeside wasn’t like the movies.
[C] Russia and China.
Joey looked at the handsome, blond boy who was sitting next to
[D] India and Brazil.
her. She thought about the years of their long friendship. They
[E] South Korea.
were best friends...

6. In the sentence “All teenagers have the same problems - life,


4. In the sentence “And it’s becoming more popular in Armenia,
love, school work, and parents”, the conjunction and indicates
Georgia, and the Netherlands...”, the pronoun it refers to
[A] contrast.
[A] Orkut.
[B] result.
[B] India.
[C] reason.
[C] Armenia.
[D] consequence.
[D] Hi5.
[E] addition.
[E] Facebook.

7. Which alternative best explains the sentence “We can’t write


happy endings to all our relationships.” ?
5. Which alternative represents the main idea of the text ?
[A] It’s not possible to decide what happens in our future.
[A] Facebook dominates the world of social networks.
[B] We need permission to write books about happy endings in
[B] Orkut is the most popular site in Latin America.
relationships.
[C] Facebook is used by people all over the world except in China.
[C] Our relationships are the happiest things in our lives.
[D] Orkut won the battle in India.
[D] Happy endings are always possible in real life.
[E] Facebook is one of the top three in popularity in Russia.
[E] People expect unhappy endings when they watch a movie.

Leia o trecho abaixo e responda às questões de 6 a 10

www.facebook.com/prepafirmacao TEL: 2457-4236 / 3012-8339


TURMA EEAr-AFA-EFOMM-EN

MATÉRIA: INGLÊS
PROF: THAÍZA PINHEIRO
DATA: 18/02/2016

“SUA APROVAÇÃO CONFIRMADA”

8. According to the sentence “Joey looked at the handsome, blond 11. In the sentence “An air of calm and relief swept through the
boy who was sitting next to her”, it is correct to say that Dawson neighborhood, as residents opened their windows and began
Was walking the streets”, the possessive adjective their refers to

[A] strange. [A] an air of calm and relief.


[B] calm. [B] neighborhood.
[C] ugly. [C] residents.
[D] good-looking. [D] streets.
[E] intelligent. [E] calm and relief.

9. According to the text, which alternative is correct about


Dawson? [A] Alemão shanty town complex.
[B] drug gangs.
[A] He first met Joey a couple of weeks ago. [C] Jovelino Ferreira.
[B] He spent most of his evenings with Joey. [D] the military police.
[C] He had dark hair. [E] Jovelino Ferreira’s community.
[D] He didn’t have any problems.
[E] He was older than Joey.

10. According to the text, “The two teenagers had problems” 13. After Brazilian security forces’ victory,
because
[A] residents went to streets.
[A] they wanted to be film directors. [B] children were afraid.
[B] it is difficult to become an adult. [C] the gang leader used the swimming pool.
[C] they wanted to behave like people in movies. [D] residents cheered for their favorite soccer team.
[D] they were best friends. [E] residents prayed with pastor Jovelino Ferreira.
[E] they watched movies until late at night.

Leia o trecho abaixo e responda às questões de 11 a 15.


14. It is correct to say that, after the decisive military operation in
Brazilian Forces Claim Victory in Gang Haven the Alemão shantytown complex, Jovelino Ferreira was

RIO DE JANEIRO - In a quick and decisive military operation, [A] angry.


Brazilian security forces took control of this city’s most notorious [B] sick.
slum on Sunday, celebrating victory over drug gangs after a [C] sad
weeklong battle. [D] hungry
In the early afternoon, the military police raised the flags of Brazil [E] hopeful.
and Rio de Janeiro atop a building on the highest hill in the Alemão
shantytown complex, providing a rare moment of happiness and
celebration in a decades-long battle to rid this city’s violent slums
of drug gangs.
An air of calm and relief swept through the neighborhood, as
residents opened their windows and began walking the streets. 15. In the last paragraph, the author is describing a scene of
Dozens of children ran from their houses in shorts and bikinis to
jump into a swimming pool that used to belong to a gang leader. [A] sadness.
Residents congregated around televisions in bars and restaurants, [B] conflict.
cheering for the police as if they were cheering for their favorite [C] happiness.
soccer teams. “Now the community is ours,” Jovelino Ferreira, a 60- [D] fear.
year-old pastor, said, his eyes filling with tears. “This time it will be [E] tragedy.
different. We have to have faith. Many people who didn’t deserve
have suffered here.”

www.facebook.com/prepafirmacao TEL: 2457-4236 / 3012-8339


TURMA EEAr-AFA-EFOMM-EN

MATÉRIA: INGLÊS
PROF: THAÍZA PINHEIRO
DATA: 18/02/2016

“SUA APROVAÇÃO CONFIRMADA”

18. In the 2nd verse of the last strophe the word “does”
Titanic – The Movie Storyline
a) emphasizes the verb after it.
In this fiction movie, 84 years later, a 100-year-old woman named b) reinforces the word before it.
Rose DeWitt Bukater tells the story to her granddaughter Lizzy c) is only used as an auxiliary verb of a present tense.
Calvert and others about her life set on April 10th 1912, on a ship d) has the same meaning as the verb ‘to make”.
called Titanic when young Rose boards the departing ship with the
upper-class passengers, her mother Ruth DeWitt Bukater, and her
fiancé. Meanwhile, a drifter and artist named Jack Dawson and his
best friend Fabrizio De Rossi win thirdclass tickets to the ship in a
game. She explains the whole story from departure until the death
of Titanic on its first and last voyage April 15th 1912 at 2:20 in the
morning.

My Heart Will Go On (Celine Dion)


Soundtrack of Titanic
Every night in my dreams
I see you, I feel you,
That is how I know you go on.
Far across the distance
And spaces between us
You have come to show you go on
Near, far, wherever you are
I believe that the heart does go on
Once more, you open the door
And you're here in my heart.
And my heart will go on and on
[…]

16. After reading both Titanic storyline and soundtrack, we can


conclude that.

a) Rose and Jack promised each other to be together.


b) Rose and Jack boarder the same ship.
c) the couple was sure their love wouldn’t last forever.
d) Rose knew their dreams would come true.

17. Rose DeWitt Bukater is the

a) protagonist of the real Titanic tragedy.


b) actress that starred this blockbuster.
c) narrator.
d) inspiration for Celine Dion theme song.

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