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Propriedades\Solo Areia Argila Refratária


de Solo
Orgânica
Matéria Inorgânica Inorgânica
(Vermiculita + Turfa)
Permeabilidade Alta Moderada Baixa
Pouco Acida Pouco Acida Neutrorada
Acides
( PH = 6,4 ) ( PH = 6,3 ) (PH 7)

Espécies que necessitam pelo Espécies que necessitam


Espécies que necessitam, no mínimo, de
menos acima de
2 Horas 2 a 5 Horas 5 Horas
de sol direto sobre suas folhas
de sol direto sobre suas folhas de sol direto sobre suas folhas

Ligustru Caliandr
Ficus Carmona Ulmus Piracanta Cerejeira Glicínia Cipreste Pinus
m a

Jabuticab Madresil Juniperus Metasequoi


Serissa Sageretia Portulacária Jasmim a
Cotoneaster Kaizuka a
va chinensis

Juniperus
Podocarp Tuia Criptoméli
Buxinho Cambui procumbe Pithecolobium Espumilla Picea
o Prata a
ns

Acer Acer
Romã Pitanga Reseda
Palmatum tridente

Pingo de
Macieira Eleagnus Zelkova
Ouro

Loropetalu
Primavera Eugenia Ilex m

Celtis Azalea Uvaia Camelia

Sugestão para mistura de solo para confecção de Substrato por Espécie ( % em volume)
Considerando as regiões do Brasil
Região Região Região Região Região
Espécie do Bonsai Sul Sudeste Centro-Oeste Nordeste Norte
Areia Argila CS Areia Argila CS Areia Argila CS Areia Argila CS Areia Argila CS
Acer Palmatum 60% 10% 30% 60% 10% 30% 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30%
Acer Tridente 60% 10% 30% 60% 10% 30% 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30%
Acerola 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Amoreira 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Azálea 40% 25% 35% 40% 25% 35% 30% 35% 35% 30% 35% 35% 30% 35% 35%
Buxinho 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Cajá do Rio Grande 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Caliandra 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Cambuí 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Camélia 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40%
Carmona 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Cedro 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Celtis 50% 25% 25% 50% 25% 25% 40% 35% 25% 40% 35% 25% 40% 35% 25%
Cerejeira 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Cerejeira do Japão 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Cipreste 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Cotoneaster 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Crássula 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30%
Criptomélia Japônica 50% 25% 25% 50% 25% 25% 40% 35% 25% 40% 35% 25% 40% 35% 25%
Eleagnus 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Érica 30% 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 60% 20%
Espumilla 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Eugênia 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Ficus 50% 25% 25% 50% 25% 25% 40% 35% 25% 40% 35% 25% 40% 35% 25%
Figo 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Ginkgo 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Glauca 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Glicínia 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40%
Ilex 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Ipê 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Jabuticabeira 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40%
Jasmim 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Juniperus 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Kaizuka 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Lantana 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Ligustrum 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30%
Liquidambar 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Loropetalum 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40%
Macieira 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20% 40% 40% 20%
Madressilva 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Metasequoia 30% 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 60% 20%
Oliveira 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Pêssego 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Picea 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Pingo de Ouro 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Pinheiro Branco 80% 10% 10% 80% 10% 10% 70% 20% 10% 70% 20% 10% 70% 20% 10%
Pinheiro Negro 80% 10% 10% 80% 10% 10% 70% 20% 10% 70% 20% 10% 70% 20% 10%
Piracanta 50% 25% 25% 50% 25% 25% 40% 35% 25% 40% 35% 25% 40% 35% 25%
Pitanga 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Podocarpo 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Portulacária 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Primavera 30% 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 60% 20%
Ptecolobium 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Reseda 30% 60% 10% 30% 60% 10% 30% 60% 10% 30% 60% 10% 30% 60% 10%
Romã 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Roseira 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Sagerétia 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 40% 50% 10% 40% 50% 10% 40% 50% 10%
Salix 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Serissa 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Shimpaku 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Tuia Prata 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Tuia Azul 60% 20% 20% 60% 20% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20% 50% 30% 20%
Ulmus 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Umê 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Uvaia 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%
Videira 50% 20% 30% 50% 20% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30% 40% 30% 30%
Zelkova 60% 30% 10% 60% 30% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10% 50% 40% 10%

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