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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIA

Integrated Curriculum for Primary Schools

Curriculum Specifications

SCIENCE
Year 5

Curriculum Development Centre


Ministry of Education Malaysia
2006
Copyright © 2006 Curriculum Development Centre
Ministry of Education Malaysia
Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan
62604 Putrajaya

First published 2006

Copyright reserved. Except for use in a review, the reproduction or utilisation of this work in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other
means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying, and recording is forbidden without the written permission from the Director of
the Curriculum Development Centre, Ministry of Education Malaysia.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

The National Philosophy v


National Philosophy of Education vii
National Science Education Philosophy ix
Preface xi
Introduction 1
Aims and Objectives 1
Scientific Skills 2
Thinking Skills 3
Scientific Attitudes and Noble Values 9
Teaching and Learning Strategies 10
Content Organisation 12

Investigating Living Things


Learning Area: Microorganisms 13
Survival of the species 17
Food Chain and Food Web 20

Investigating Force and Energy


Learning Area: Energy 23
Electricity 26
Light 29
Heat 31
Investigating Materials
Learning Area: States of matter 35
Acid and alkali 40

Investigating The Earth and The Universe


Learning Area: Constellation 41
The Earth, The Moon and The Sun 42

Investigating Technology
Learning Area: Strength and Stability 45

Acknowledgements 47

Panel of Writers 48
THE NATIONAL PHILOSOPHY

Our nation, Malaysia, is dedicated to achieving a greater unity of all her peoples; to maintaining a democratic way of life; to
creating a just society in which the wealth of the nation shall be equitably shared; to ensuring a liberal approach to her rich
and diverse cultural traditions; to building a progressive society which shall be oriented towards modern science and
technology;

We, the people of Malaysia, pledge our united efforts to attain these ends guided by these principles:

BELIEF IN GOD
LOYALTY TO KING AND COUNTRY
SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION
RULE OF LAW
GOOD BEHAVIOUR AND MORALITY

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NATIONAL PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

Education in Malaysia is an on-going effort towards further developing the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated
manner, so as to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious
based on a firm belief in and devotion to God. Such an effort is designed to produce Malaysian citizens who are
knowledgeable and competent, who possess high moral standards and who are responsible and capable of achieving a high
level of personal well-being as well as being able to contribute to the betterment of the family, society and the nation at large.

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NATIONAL SCIENCE EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY

In consonance with the National Education Philosophy, science education in


Malaysia nurtures a
science and technology culture by focusing
on the development of individuals who are competitive, dynamic, robust and
resilient and able to
master scientific knowledge and technological competency.

ix
PREFACE

The aspiration of the nation to become an industrialised In a recent development, the Government has made a
society depends on science and technology. It is envisaged decision to introduce English as the medium of instruction in
that success in providing quality science education to the teaching and learning of science and mathematics. This
Malaysians from an early age will serve to spearhead the measure will enable pupils to keep abreast of developments
nation into becoming a knowledge society and a competitive in science and technology in contemporary society by
player in the global arena. Towards this end, the Malaysian enhancing their capability and know-how to tap the diverse
education system is giving greater emphasis to science and sources of information on science written in the English
mathematics education. language. At the same time, this move would also provide
opportunities for pupils to use the English language and
The Science curriculum has been designed not only to hence, increase their proficiency in the language. Thus, in
provide opportunities for pupils to acquire science knowledge implementing the science curriculum, attention is given to
and skills, develop thinking skills and thinking strategies, and developing pupils’ ability to use English for study and
to apply this knowledge and skills in everyday life, but also to communication, especially in the early years of learning.
inculcate in them noble values and the spirit of patriotism. It is
hoped that the educational process en route to achieving The development of this curriculum and the preparation of the
these aims would produce well-balanced citizens capable of corresponding Curriculum Specifications have been the work
contributing to the harmony and prosperity of the nation and of many individuals over a period of time. To all those who
its people. have contributed in one way or another to this effort, may I, on
behalf of the Ministry of Education, express my sincere
The Science curriculum aims at producing active learners. To gratitude and thanks for the time and labour expended.
this end, pupils are given ample opportunities to engage in
scientific investigations through hands-on activities and
experimentations. The inquiry approach, incorporating
thinking skills, thinking strategies and thoughtful learning, (MAHZAN BIN BAKAR SMP, AMP)
should be emphasised throughout the teaching-learning Director
process. The content and contexts suggested are chosen Curriculum Development Centre
based on their relevance and appeal to pupils so that their Ministry of Education Malaysia
interest in the subject is enhanced.

xi
INTRODUCTION

As articulated in the National Education Policy, education in OBJECTIVES


Malaysia is an on-going effort towards developing the potential of
individuals in a holistic and integrated manner to produce
individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and
The Level Two Primary School Science Curriculum aims to:
physically balanced and harmonious. The primary and secondary
school science curriculum is developed with the aim of producing 1. Stimulate pupils’ curiosity and develop their interest about
such individuals. the world around them.
2. Provide pupils with opportunities to develop science process
The Level Two Primary School Science curriculum is skills and thinking skills.
designed to stimulate pupils’curiosity and develop their interest as 3. Develop pupils’creativity.
well to enable pupils to learn more about themselves and the world
around them through pupil-centered activities. 4. Provide pupils with basic science knowledge and concepts.
5. To provide learning opportunities for pupils to apply
The curriculum is articulated in two documents: the syllabus knowledge and skills in a creative, critical and analytical
and the curriculum specifications. The syllabus presents the aims, manner for problem solving and decision-making.
objectives and the outline of the curriculum content for a period of 3 6. Inculcate scientific attitudes and positive values.
years for Level Two Primary School Science. The curriculum
specifications provides the details of the curriculum, which includes 7. Foster the appreciation on the contributions of science and
the aims and objectives of the curriculum, brief descriptions on technology towards national development and well-being of
thinking skills and thinking strategies, scientific skills, scientific mankind.
attitudes and noble values, teaching and learning strategies, and 8. Be aware of the need to love and care for the environment.
curriculum content. The curriculum content covers the learning
objectives, suggested learning activities, learning outcomes, notes
and vocabulary.

AIMS

The aim of the primary school science curriculum is to develop


pupils’ interest and creativity through everyday experiences and
investigations that promote the acquisition of scientific and thinking
skills as well as the inculcation of scientific attitudes and values.

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SCIENTIFIC SKILLS Communicating Using words or graphic symbols such as
tables, graphs, figures or models to
describe an action, object or event.
Science emphasises inquiry and problem solving. In inquiry and
problem solving processes, scientific and thinking skills are utilised. Using space-time Describing changes in parameter with time.
Scientific skills are important in any scientific investigation such as relationship Examples of parameters are location,
conducting experiments and carrying out projects. direction, shape, size, volume, weight and
mass.
Scientific skills encompass science process skills and
manipulative skills. Interpreting data Giving rational explanations about an
object, event or pattern derived from
Science Process Skills collected data.

Science process skills enable pupils to formulate their questions Defining Defining concepts by describing what must
and find out the answers systematically. operationally be done and what should be observed.

Descriptions of the science process skills are as follows: Controlling Naming the fixed variables, manipulated
variables variable and responding variable in an
Observing Using the sense of hearing, touch, smell, investigation. The manipulated variable is
taste and sight to find out about objects or changed to observe its relationship with the
events. responding variable. At the same time, the
fixed variables are kept constant.
Classifying Using observations to group objects or
events according to similarities or Making Making a general statement about the
differences. Hypotheses relationship between a manipulated
variable and a responding variable to
Measuring and Making quantitative observations by explain an observation or event. The
Using Numbers comparing to a conventional or non- statement can be tested to determine its
conventional standard. validity.

Making Using past experiences or previously Experimenting Planning and conducting activities to test a
Inferences collected data to draw conclusions and (design a fair test) hypothesis. These activities include
explain events. collecting, analysing and interpreting data
and making conclusions.
Making a forecast about what will happen in
Predicting the future based on prior knowledge gained
through experiences or collected data.

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thinks creatively has a high level of imagination, is able to generate
Manipulative Skills original and innovative ideas, and modify ideas and products.

Manipulative skills in scientific investigation are psychomotor skills Thinking strategies are higher order thinking processes that
that enable pupils to: involve various steps. Each step involves various critical and
creative thinking skills. The ability to formulate thinking strategies is
? Use and handle science apparatus and substances. the ultimate aim of introducing thinking activities in the teaching and
learning process.
? Handle specimens correctly and carefully.
? Draw specimens and apparatus.
? Clean science apparatus.
? Store science apparatus.

THINKING SKILLS

Thinking is a mental process that requires an individual to integrate


knowledge, skills and attitude in an effort to understand the
environment.

One of the objectives of the national education system is to


enhance the thinking ability of pupils. This objective can be
achieved through a curriculum that emphasises thoughtful learning.
Teaching and learning that emphasises thinking skills is a
foundation for thoughtful learning.

Thoughtful learning is achieved if pupils are actively involved


in the teaching and learning process. Activities should be organised
to provide opportunities for pupils to apply thinking skills in
conceptualisation, problem solving and decision-making.

Thinking skills can be categorised into critical and creative


thinking skills. A person who thinks critically always evaluates an
idea in a systematic manner before accepting it. A person who

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Critical Thinking Skills Detecting Bias Identifying views or opinions that have
the tendency to support or oppose
A brief description of each critical thinking skill is as follows: something in an unfair or misleading
way.
Attributing Identifying characteristics, features,
qualities and elements of a concept or
an object.

Comparing and Finding similarities and differences


Contrasting based on criteria such as
characteristics, features, qualities and Evaluating Making judgements on the quality or
elements of a concept or event. value of something based on valid
reasons or evidence.
Grouping and Separating objects or phenomena into
Classifying categories based on certain criteria
such as common characteristics or Making Making a statement about the outcome
features. Conclusions of an investigation that is based on a
hypothesis.
Sequencing Arranging objects and information in
order based on the quality or quantity of
common characteristics or features
such as size, time, shape or number.

Prioritising Arranging objects and information in


order based on their importance or
priority.

Analysing Examining information in detail by


breaking it down into smaller parts to
find implicit meanings and relationships.

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Creative Thinking Skills Making Making general statements about the

A brief description of each creative thinking skill is as follows:

Generating Ideas Producing or giving ideas in a


discussion. Hypotheses Relationship between manipulated
variable and responding variable to
Relating Making connections in a certain explain an observation or event. The
situation to determine a structure or statements can be tested to determine
pattern of relationship. their validity.

Making Using past experiences or previously Making Analogies Understanding an abstract or complex
Inferences collected data to draw conclusions and concepts by relating it to simpler or
explain events. concrete concepts with similar
characteristics.
Predicting Making a forecast about what will
happen in the future based on prior Inventing Producing something new or adapting
knowledge gained through experiences something already in existence to
or collected data. overcome problems in a systematic
manner.
Making Making a general conclusion about a
Generalisations group based on observations on, or
information from, samples of the group.

Visualising Recalling or forming mental images


about a particular idea, concept,
situation or vision.

Synthesising Combining separate elements or parts


to form a general picture in various
forms such as writing, drawing or
artefact.

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Thinking Strategy

Description of each thinking strategy is as follows: Figure 1: TSTS Model in Science

Conceptualising Making generalisations based on inter-


related and common characteristics in
order to construct meaning, concept or
model. Thinking Skills

Making Decisions Selecting the best solution from various


alternatives based on specific criteria to Critical Creative
achieve a specific aim.
? Attributing ? Generating ideas
? Comparing and ? Relating
Problem Solving Finding solutions to challenging or contrasting ? Making inferences
unfamiliar situations or unanticipated ? Grouping and ? Predicting
difficulties in a systematic manner. classifying Reasoning ? Making
? Sequencing hypotheses
? Prioritising ? Synthesising
? Analysing ? Making
Besides the above thinking skills and thinking strategies, another ? Detecting bias generalisations
skill emphasised is reasoning. Reasoning is a skill used in ? Evaluating ? Visualising
making logical, just and rational judgements. Mastering of critical ? Making ? Making analogies
and creative thinking skills and thinking strategies is made
conclusions ? Inventing
simpler if an individual is able to reason in an inductive and
deductive manner. Figure 1 gives a general picture of thinking
skills and thinking strategies. Thinking
Strategies
? Conceptualising
? Making decisions
? Problem solving

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Mastering of thinking skills and thinking strategies (TSTS)
through the teaching and learning of science can be developed Science Process Skills Thinking Skills
through the following phases:

1. Introducing TSTS. Observing Attributing


2. Practising TSTS with teacher’s guidance. Comparing and contrasting
Relating
3. Practising TSTS without teacher’s guidance.
4. Applying TSTS in new situations with teacher’s Classifying Attributing
guidance. Comparing and contrasting Grouping
5. Applying TSTS together with other skills to accomplish and classifying
thinking tasks.
Measuring and Using Relating
Further information about phases of implementing TSTS can be Numbers Comparing and contrasting
found in the guidebook “Buku Panduan Penerapan Kemahiran
Berfikir dan Strategi Berfikir dalam Pengajaran dan Making Inferences Relating
Pembelajaran Sains”(Curriculum Development Centre, 1999). Comparing and contrasting
Analysing
Making inferences
Relationship between Thinking Skills and
Science Process Skills Predicting Relating
Visualising
Science process skills are skills that are required in the process of
finding solutions to a problem or making decisions in a systematic Using Space-Time Sequencing
manner. It is a mental process that promotes critical, creative, Relationship Prioritising
analytical and systematic thinking. Mastering of science process
skills and the possession of suitable attitudes and knowledge Interpreting data Comparing and contrasting Analysing
enable pupils to think effectively. Detecting bias
Making conclusions
The mastering of science process skills involves the Generalising
mastering of the relevant thinking skills. The thinking skills that are Evaluating
related to a particular science process skill are as follows:
Defining operationally Relating
Making analogy
Visualising
Analysing

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The following is an example and explanation of a learning outcome
Science Process Skills Thinking Skills based on thinking skills and scientific skills.

Example:
Controlling variables Attributing
Comparing and contrasting Level Year 4
Relating
Analysing Learning Outcome: Differentiate the air that we inhale and
the air that we exhale.
Making hypotheses Attributing
Relating Thinking Skills: Comparing and contrasting
Comparing and contrasting Generating
ideas
Making hypotheses Explanation:
Predicting
Synthesising To achieve the above learning outcome, knowledge on the
composition of the air that we inhale and exhale is needed. The
Experimenting All thinking skills mastery of the skill of comparing and contrasting is as important
as the acquisition of knowledge on humans and animal
Communicating All thinking skills breathing. This would enable pupils to understand that breathing
process in humans and animals

Teaching and Learning based on Thinking Skills and Example:


Scientific Skills
Level Year 5
This Level II Science curriculum emphasises thoughtful learning
Learning Outcome: Design a fair test to find out what
based on thinking skills and scientific skills. Mastery of thinking
cause the size of a shadow to change
skills and scientific skills are integrated with the acquisition of
by deciding what to keep the same,
knowledge in the intended learning outcomes. Thus, in teaching
what to change and what to observe.
and learning, teachers need to emphasise the mastery of skills
together with the acquisition of knowledge and the inculcation of
Scientific Skills: Experimenting
noble values and scientific attitudes.

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Explanation: The inculcation of scientific attitudes and noble values generally
occurs through the following stages:
To achieve the above learning outcome, pupils plan and
conduct investigation to test the hypothesis. This investigation ? Being aware of the importance and the need for scientific
should include collecting, analysing and interpreting data and attitudes and noble values.
making conclusion. ? Giving emphasis to these attitudes and values.
? Practising and internalising these scientific attitudes and noble
values.

SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDES AND NOBLE VALUES


When planning teaching and learning activities, teachers need to
give due consideration to the above stages to ensure the
Science learning experiences can be used as a means to inculcate continuous and effective inculcation of scientific attitudes and
scientific attitudes and noble values in pupils. These attitudes and values. For example, during science practical work, the teacher
values encompass the following: should remind pupils and ensure that they carry out experiments in
a careful, cooperative and honest manner.
? Having an interest and curiosity towards the environment.
? Being honest and accurate in recording and validating data. Proper planning is required for effective inculcation of scientific
? Being diligent and persevering. attitudes and noble values during science lessons. Before the first
? Being responsible about the safety of oneself, others, and the lesson related to a learning objective, teachers should examine all
environment. related learning outcomes and suggested teaching-learning
? Realising that science is a means to understand nature. activities that provide opportunities for the inculcation of scientific
? Appreciating and practising clean and healthy living. attitudes and noble values.
? Appreciating the balance of nature.
The following is an example of a learning outcome pertaining to the
? Being respectful and well-mannered.
inculcation of scientific attitudes and values.
? Appreciating the contribution of science and technology.
? Being thankful to God. Example:
? Having critical and analytical thinking.
? Being flexible and open-minded. Level: Year 4
? Being kind-hearted and caring.
? Being objective. Learning Area: Properties of Materials
? Being systematic.
Learning Objective:
? Being cooperative. Knowing the importance of reuse,
? Being fair and just. reduce and recycle of materials.
? Dare to try. Learning Outcome:
? Thinking rationally. Practise reusing, reducing and
? Being confident and independent. recycling to conserve materials.

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activities should therefore be geared towards activating pupils’
critical and creative thinking skills and not be confined to routine or
Suggested Learning Pupils carry out activities about rote learning. Pupils should be made aware of the thinking skills
Activities reusing, reducing and recycling of and thinking strategies that they use in their learning. They should
materials throughout the year. be challenged with higher order questions and problems and be
required to solve problems utilising their creativity and critical
thinking. The teaching and learning process should enable pupils to
Scientific attitudes and Being responsible about the safety acquire knowledge, master skills and develop scientific attitudes
noble values of oneself, others and the and noble values in an integrated manner.
environment.
Inquiry-discovery emphasises learning through experiences.
Having an intrest and curiosity Inquiry generally means to find information, to question and to
towards the environment. investigate a phenomenon that occurs in the environment.
Discovery is the main characteristic of inquiry. Learning through
Appreciating the balance of nature. discovery occurs when the main concepts and principles of science
are investigated and discovered by pupils themselves. Through
Being cooperative. activities such as experiments, pupils investigate a phenomenon
and draw conclusions by themselves. Teachers then lead pupils to
understand the science concepts through the results of the inquiry.
Inculcating Patriotism Thinking skills and scientific skills are thus developed further during
the inquiry process. However, the inquiry approach may not be
The science curriculum provides an opportunity for the development suitable for all teaching and learning situations. Sometimes, it may
and strengthening of patriotism among pupils. For example, in be more appropriate for teachers to present concepts and principles
learning about the earth’s resources, the richness and variety of directly to pupils.
living things and the development of science and technology in the
country, pupils will appreciate the diversity of natural and human The use of a variety of teaching and learning methods can
resources of the country and deepen their love for the country. enhance pupils’ interest in science. Science lessons that are not
interesting will not motivate pupils to learn and subsequently will
affect their performances. The choice of teaching methods should
TEACHING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES be based on the curriculum content, pupils’ abilities, pupils’
repertoire of intelligences, and the availability of resources and
infrastructure. Different teaching and learning activities should be
Teaching and learning strategies in the science curriculum planned to cater for pupils with different learning styles and
emphasise thoughtful learning. Thoughtful learning is a process that intelligences.
helps pupils acquire knowledge and master skills that will help them The following are brief descriptions of some teaching and learning
develop their minds to the optimum level. Thoughtful learning can methods.
occur through various learning approaches such as inquiry,
constructivism, contextual learning, and mastery learning. Learning
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Experiment Project

An experiment is a method commonly used in science lessons. In A project is a learning activity that is generally undertaken by an
experiments, pupils test hypotheses through investigations to individual or a group of pupils to achieve a particular learning
discover specific science concepts and principles. Conducting an objective. A project generally requires several lessons to complete.
experiment involves thinking skills, scientific skills, and manipulative The outcome of the project either in the form of a report, an artefact
skills. or in other forms needs to be presented to the teacher and other
pupils. Project work promotes the development of problem-solving
In the implementation of this curriculum, besides guiding skills, time management skills, and independent learning.
pupils to carry out experiments, where appropriate, teachers should
provide pupils with the opportunities to design their own
experiments. This involves pupils drawing up plans as to how to Visits and Use of External Resources
conduct experiments, how to measure and analyse data, and how
to present the results of their experiment. The learning of science is not limited to activities carried out in the
school compound. Learning of science can be enhanced through
the use of external resources such as zoos, museums, science
Discussion centres, research institutes, mangrove swamps, and factories.
Visits to these places make the learning of science more
A discussion is an activity in which pupils exchange questions and interesting, meaningful and effective. To optimise learning
opinions based on valid reasons. Discussions can be conducted opportunities, visits need to be carefully planned. Pupils may be
before, during or after an activity. Teachers should play the role of a involved in the planning process and specific educational tasks
facilitator and lead a discussion by asking questions that stimulate should be assigned during the visit. No educational visit is complete
thinking and getting pupils to express themselves. without a post-visit discussion.

Simulation Use of Technology

In simulation, an activity that resembles the actual situation is Technology is a powerful tool that has great potential in enhancing
carried out. Examples of simulation are role-play, games and the the learning of science. Through the use of technology such as
use of models. In role-play, pupils play out a particular role based television, radio, video, computer, and Internet, the teaching and
on certain pre-determined conditions. Games require procedures learning of science can be made more interesting and effective.
that need to be followed. Pupils play games in order to learn a Computer simulation and animation are effective tools for the
particular principle or to understand the process of decision-making. teaching and learning of abstract or difficult science concepts.
Models are used to represent objects or actual situations so that Computer simulation and animation can be presented through
pupils can visualise the said objects or situations and thus courseware or Web page. Application tools such, as word
understand the concepts and principles to be learned. processors, graphic presentation software and electronic
spreadsheets are valuable tools for the analysis and presentation of
data.

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CONTENT ORGANISATION

The science curriculum is organised around themes. Each theme


consists of various learning areas, each of which consists of a
number of learning objectives. A learning objective has one or more
learning outcomes.

Learning outcomes are written in the form of measurable


behavioural terms. In general, the learning outcomes for a particular
learning objective are organised in order of complexity. However, in
the process of teaching and learning, learning activities should be
planned in a holistic and integrated manner that enables the
achievement of multiple learning outcomes according to needs and
context. Teachers should avoid employing a teaching strategy that
tries to achieve each learning outcome separately according to the
order stated in the curriculum specifications.

The Suggested Learning Activities provide information on the


scope and dimension of learning outcomes. The learning activities
stated under the column Suggested Learning Activities are given
with the intention of providing some guidance as to how learning
outcomes can be achieved. A suggested activity may cover one or
more learning outcomes. At the same time, more than one activity
may be suggested for a particular learning outcome. Teachers may
modify the suggested activity to suit the ability and style of learning
of their pupils. Teachers are encouraged to design other innovative
and effective learning activities to enhance the learning of science.

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Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
1. Microorganism

1.1 Understanding Pupils view video showing Pupils Teacher uses the yeast- ragi
that various types of Pupils following recipe to harmful- berbahaya
microorganism is microorganism, e.g. bacteria, make dough. magnifying glass- kanta
a living thing virus, fungi and protozoa. ? state types of pembesar
microorganisms. Ingredients: uses- kegunaan
Pupils make a qualitative 1 cup of flour sprinkling – merenjis
comparison between the size ½ cup of warm water
of microorganism and that of 1 teaspoon of dried
human and conclude that yeast
microorganism is very tiny. 1 teaspoon of sugar

Pupils discuss that yeast is a ? state that yeast is an Method:


fungi, an example of example of microorganism. 1.Mix all ingredients.
microorganism. 2.Cover the mixture
with a damp cloth.
Pupils observe the effect of ? state that microorganism 3.Leave it for 20
yeast on dough and infer that breathes. minutes.
microorganism breathes and
causes the dough to rise. Ensure pupils use
microscope or
Pupils carry out activity and ? state that microorganism magnifying glass/hand
observe the effect when a test grows. lens.
tube filled with 2 teaspoon of
dried yeast, 1 teaspoon of
sugar and half test tube of
water. The mouth of the test
tube is attached to a balloon.

13
Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils carry out activity by ? state that microorganism Ensure pupils clean
sprinkling a few drops of water moves. their hands after
on a slice of bread. Pupils put handling water
the bread in a plastic bag and samples.
observe it for a few days.

Pupils observe rotten oranges


or mouldy rice using hand lens
or microscope and record their
observation for a few days.

Pupils observe and record their


findings by drawing.

Pupils view video on the


movement of microorganisms
in water.

Pupils collect samples of water


from ponds, rivers or drains
and observe the movement of
microorganisms under a
microscope.

Pupils record their observation. ? conclude that


Pupils discuss and state that microorganisms are living
microorganisms are living things and most of them
things and most of them cannot be seen with naked
cannot be seen with naked eyes.
eyes.

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Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

1.2 Understanding Pupils gather information on Pupils Pupils need not know contagious- berjangkit
that some the uses of microorganisms, the methods of making quarantine – diasingkan
microorganisms e.g. ? state examples of use of bread, tapai, tempe measles- campak
are harmful and a) making bread, microorganisms. and fertiliser. chicken pox- cacar
some are useful b) making tapai, stomach upset- sakit
c) making tempe, perut
d) making fertiliser. cough- batuk
harm- kesan buruk
Pupils gather information on ? state the harmful effects of dengue – denggi
the harmful effects of microorganisms. sneezing – bersin
microorganisms, e.g. flu - selsema
a) causing illness, mumps – beguk
b) causing food poisoning, conjunctivitis – sakit
c) causing food to turn bad, mata
d) causing tooth decay.

Pupils gather information on ? describe that diseases Teacher just need to


diseases caused by caused by microorganisms mention the common
microorganisms e.g. stomach can spread from one person diseases.
upset, measles, cough, flu, to another.
chicken pox, dengue,
conjunctivitis, mumps and
AIDS.

Pupils discuss that diseases


caused by microorganisms can
spread from one person to
another.

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Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils discuss on how ? explain ways to prevent


diseases caused by diseases caused by
microorganisms can be microorganisms.
prevented from spreading,
e.g.
a) by washing hands before
handling food,
b) by boiling water before
drinking,
c) by covering mouth and
nose when coughing or
sneezing,
d) by washing hands after
using the toilet,
e) by putting patients who
have chicken pox,
conjunctivitis or mumps
into quarantine.
f) by covering wounds.

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Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
2. Survival of The Species

2.1 Understanding Pupils gather information to Pupils Teacher may explain kemandirian
that different find examples of animals that that species means adapt- menyesuaikan
animals have take care of their eggs and ? give examples of animals similar types of living take care- menjaga
their own ways young, e.g. that take care of their eggs things that can breed protect- melindungi
to ensure the a) cow, and young. among themselves young – anak
survival of their b) hen, slimy – berlendir
species. c) cat, pouch – kantong
d) bird. herd – kumpulan yang
besar
Pupils view video on how ? explain how animals take disturbed- diganggu
animals ensure the survival of care of their eggs and plenty – banyak
their eggs and young, e.g. young. attack- menyerang
a) keep their young in their hide – menyembunyikan
mouths, e.g fish, ensure- memastikan
b) feed their young, e.g. bird, feed – memberi makan
c) attack in order to protect
their eggs or young when
they are disturbed, e.g.
snake or tiger,
d) lay slimy eggs, e.g frog,
e) hide their eggs, e.g. turtle,
f) carry their young in their
pouches, e.g kangaroo,
h) stay in herds e.g. elephant.

Pupils discuss and conclude ? explain why animals take


that animals take care of their care of their eggs and
eggs and young to ensure the young.
survival of their species.

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Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

2.2 Understanding Pupils study live specimens, Pupils various – pelbagai


that different view video or computer waxy – berlilin
plants have their simulation to find out the on ? state various ways plants husk – sabut
own ways to how plants ensure the survival disperse their seeds and shell – tempurung
ensure the of species, e.g. fruits. disperse – pencaran
survival of their a) by water, edible – boleh dimakan
species b) by wind, flame of the forest –
c) by animal, semarak api
d) by explosive mechanism. chestnut – buah
berangan
Pupils discuss and conclude ? explain why plants need to balsam – keembung
that plants need to disperse disperse seeds or fruits. ocra – kacang bendi
their seeds or fruits to ensure love grass-
the survival of their species. kemuncup

Pupils gather information to ? give examples of plant that Examples of plants that
give examples of plants that disperse seeds and fruits by disperse seeds and
disperse seeds and fruits by: water. fruits by:
a) water, a) water, e.g. coconut
b) wind, ? give examples of plant that and pong-pong,
c) animal, disperse seeds and fruits by b) wind, e.g. lallang
d) explosive mechanism. wind. and angsana,
a) c) animals, e.g.
watermelon, love
grass and rambutan
d) explosive
mechanism, e.g.
balsam, rubber,
flame of the forest,
chestnut and ocra.

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Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils study live specimens or ? give examples of plant that


view video and discuss the disperse seeds and fruits by
relationship between animals.
characteristics of seeds and
fruits and their ways of ? give examples of plant that
dispersal : disperse seeds by explosive
mechanism.
b) by water – light and have
air space ? relate characteristics of
c) by wind – light, have wing- seeds and fruits to the ways
like structure, dry, have they are dispersed.
fine hairs and small
d) by animals – fleshy,
brightly coloured, edible,
have smells or have
hooks.
e) explosive mechanism –
dry when ripe.

2.3 Realising the Pupils discuss and predict the Pupils extinction –
importance of consequences if certain kepupusan
survival of the species of animals and plants ? predict what will happen if shortage –
species become extinct, e.g. some species of animals or kekurangan
a) shortage of food plants do not survive.
resources,
b) other species may also
face extinction.

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Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
3. Food Chain and Food Web

3.1 Understanding Pupils carry out a Pupils Food chains must food chain-rantai
food chains brainstorming session on begin with plants as makanan
animals and the food they eat. ? identify animals and the producers. producer-pengeluar
food they eat. consumer-pengguna
Pupils discuss and classify
animals into the following ? classify animals into
groups according to the food herbivore, carnivore and
they eat: omnivore.
a) herbivore
b) carnivore
c) omnivore

Pupils build food chains to ? construct food chain.


show the food relationship
among organisms.

From the food chains pupils ? identify producer.


identify the producers and the
consumers. ? identify consumer.

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Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
3.2 Synthesizing Pupils construct a food web Pupils
food chains to based on food chains given. ? construct a food web
construct food
web. Pupils walk around the school
compound to study food webs ? construct food webs of
in places such as field, different habitats.
science garden, pond or under
flower pot.

Based on the organisms


identified, pupils construct food
chains and then food webs for
the habitats they have studied.

Pupils discuss and predict


what will happen if there is a
change in the population of a ? predict what will happen if
certain species in a food web. there is a change in
population of a certain
Pupils carry out simulation or species in a food web.
play games based on food
webs.

Pupils view video to study ? explain what will happen to


various species that are facing certain species of animals if
extinction because they only they eat only one type of
eat one type of food. food.

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Investigating Living Things Science-Year 5

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils conclude that certain


species of animals that eats
one type of food only has
difficulty to survive because
their only source of food may
run out, e.g.

a) panda eats bamboo shoots


only,
b) koala bear eats eucalyptus
leaves only,
c) pangolin eats ants only.

22
Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
1. Energy
1.1 Understanding Pupils discuss and conclude Pupils sources- sumber
the uses of that energy is needed: energy- tenaga
energy a) by living things to carry ? explain why energy is bounce-melantun
out life processes such as needed. fuel-bahan api
moving, breathing and boil-mendidih
growing,
b) to move, boil, melt or
bounce non-living things.

Pupils gather information and


give examples where and
when energy is used. ? give examples where and
when energy is used.
Pupils gather information
about sources of energy, e.g. ? state various sources of
a) sun, energy.
b) food,
c) wind,
d) fuel,
e) dry cell/ battery.

Pupils discuss that the sun is


the main source of energy.

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Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
1.2 Understanding Pupils observe various events Pupils transform-berubah
that energy can and identify the form of principle-prinsip
be transformed energy involved, e.g. ? state the various forms of whistle- wisel
from one form to a) a moving battery- operated energy. appliances - peralatan
another toy car,
b) a stretched rubber band,
c) a burning candle,
d) a ringing telephone.

Pupils carry out activities to ? state that energy can be


discuss the transformation of transformed.
energy e.g.
a) switching on the lights:
electrical energy ? light
energy,
b) lighting a candle: chemical
energy ? heat energy +
light energy,
c) using a solar powered
calculator :
solar energy ? electrical
energy ? light energy.

Pupils discuss that energy can


be transformed.

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Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils gather information and ? give examples of appliances


identify appliances that make that make use of energy
use of energy transformation transformation.
and state the form of energy
involved,
e.g.
a) electric iron : electrical
energy? heat energy
b) radio: electrical energy?
sound energy
c) ceiling fan: electical
energy? kinetic energy +
sound energy,
d) gas stove: chemical
energy? heat energy + light
energy.

1.3 Understanding Pupils discuss that renewable Pupils Provide real objects or renewable energy-
renewable and energy is the energy that can substances such as tenaga diperbaharui
non-renewable be replenished when used up ? state what renewable energy crude oil, charcoal, non-renewable energy-
energy and non-renewable energy is is. coal, etc for pupils to tenaga yang tidak dapat
the energy that cannot be ? state what non-renewable observe and discuss. diperbaharui
replenished when used up. energy is. replenished –
digantikan
Pupils gather information on used up- habis
the following: digunakan
a) renewable energy coal- arang batu
resources. e.g. ? list renewable energy charcoal- arang kayu
solar, wind and biomass, resources. wisely-secara bijaksana
b) non-renewable energy biomass-biojisim
resources. e.g.
natural gas, petroleum and
coal.

25
Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
Pupils discuss and conclude ? list non-renewable energy
why we need to use energy resources.
wisely e.g.
a) some energy resources
cannot be replenished when ? explain why we need to use
used up, energy wisely.
b) to save cost,
c) to avoid wastage,
d) to reduce pollution.

Pupils discuss why renewable ? explain why renewable


energy is better than non- energy is better than non-
renewable energy. renewable energy.

Pupils carry out brainstorming ? give examples on how to


session on how to save energy save energy.
in everyday life.

Pupils draw a list of do’s and


don’ts on how to save energy ? practise saving energy.
and use it as a guide to carry
out daily activities.

2. Electricity
2.1 Knowing the Pupils carry out activity such Pupils Provide real objects or dry cell- sel kering
sources of as lighting up a bulb or ringing substances such as dry hydroelectric power –
electricity an electric bell to verify that ? state the sources of cell, accumulator, kuasa hidro elektrik
the following sources produce electricity. rechargeable battery,
electricity e.g. solar cell etc for pupils
a) dry cell/ battery, to observe and
b) accumulator, discuss.
c) dynamo,
d) solar cell.

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Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
2.2 Understanding a Pupils build as many different Pupils series circuit-litar bersiri
series circuit and electric circuits as they can. parellel circuit – litar
a parallel circuit ? identify the symbols of selari
Pupils are introduced the various components in a brightness- kecerahan
symbols of the components in simple electric circuit. arrangement-susunan
an electric circuit, i.e battery,
bulb, connecting wires and
switch.

Pupils draw circuit diagrams ? draw circuit diagrams.


based on the circuits that they
have built.

Pupils observe various series ? identify the difference in the When comparing the
circuits and parallel circuits. arrangement of bulbs in brightness of the bulbs
series and parallel circuits. in series or parallel
circuits the number of
Based on observation, pupils batteries and bulbs
discuss the differences in the must be the same.
arrangement of bulbs in series
and parallel circuits.

Pupils draw circuit diagrams of


series and parallel circuits and
compare the arrangement of
the bulbs in these circuits.

Pupils are given batteries, ? build a series circuit.


bulbs, switches and connecting
wires to build series and
? build a parallel circuit.
parallel circuits.

27
Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils observe and compare ? compare the brightness of


the brightness of the bulbs in: the bulbs in a series and a
a) series circuits, parallel circuit.
b) parallel circuits,
c) between series and parallel
circuits. ? compare the effect on the
bulbs when various
Pupils carry out activities and switches in a series circuit
compare what happen to the and a parallel circuit are off.
bulbs in a series circuit and a
parallel circuit when various
switches in each circuit are off.

2.3 Understanding Pupils discuss the danger of Pupils Teacher can also electric shock- kejutan
the safety mishandling electrical discuss other general elektrik
precautions to appliances, e.g. ? describe the danger of safety precautions, e.g. appliances-
be taken when a) electric shock, mishandling electrical a) do not insert objects peralatan
handling b) fire, appliances. into power supply,
electrical c) burn, b) do not touch a
appliances d) electrocution. switch with wet
hands,
Pupils discuss the safety ? explain the safety c) do not touch victims
precautions to be taken when precautions to be taken of electric shock.
using electrical appliances, when using electrical
e.g. appliances.

a) do not touch electrical


appliances with wet
hands,
b) do not use electrical
appliances that are faulty
or having broken
insulation wires,

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Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

c) do not repair electrical


appliances on your own,
d) do not connect too many
electrical appliances to
one power supply.

3. Light
3.1 Understanding Pupils carry out activities to Pupils beam- alur cahaya
that light travels observe that light travels in a travel- bergerak
in a straight line straight line. ? state that light travels in a opaque – legap
straight line.
Pupils gather information and
give examples of events or ? give examples to verify that
phenomena that show light light travels in a straight
travels in straight line. line.

Pupils observe and discuss the ? describe how shadow is


formations of shadow to formed.
conclude that shadow is
formed when light is blocked
by an opaque or a translucent
object. ? design a fair test to find out
Pupils carry out activities to what cause the size of a
investigate the factors that shadow to change by
cause the shape and size of a deciding what to keep the
shadow to change. same, what to change and
what to observe.
Pupils observe, discuss and
conclude that:
a) when the distance
between an object and its
light source decreases,
the size of the shadow
increases
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Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
and
when the distance between
an object and the screen
decreases the size of the
shadow decreases.

b) the shape of the shadow ? design a fair test to find out


changes according to the what factors cause the
position of light source. shape of a shadow to
and change by deciding what to
the shape of the shadow keep the same, what to
changes according to the change and what to
position of an object. observe.

3.2 Understanding Pupils carry out activities to Pupils reflection- pembalikan


that light can be investigate reflection of light sharp bend- selekoh
reflected using: ? state that light can be tajam
a) a mirror, reflected. ray diagram- gambarajah
b) an aluminium foil. sinar
? draw ray diagrams to show
Pupils draw ray diagrams to
reflection of light.
show the reflection of light in
the above activities.

Pupils gather information about ? give examples of uses of


the uses of reflection of light in reflection of light in
everyday life, e.g. everyday life.
a) side mirror of a car,
b) mirror at the sharp bend of a
road,
c) mirror in the barbershop,
d) periscope.

30
Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils apply the principle of


light reflection to design
devices, e.g.
a) periscope
b) kaleidoscope.
4. Heat
4.1 Understanding Pupils heat 250ml of water for Pupils
that temperature 3 minutes and feel the water
is an indicator of every few seconds while ? state that when a substance
degree of heating to feel the change of gains heat it will become
hotness temperature. warmer.

Pupils let the warm water cool ? state that when a substance
down and feel the water every loses heat it will become
few seconds. cooler.

Based on the above activities,


pupils discuss and conclude
that:

a) heat gain causes the water


to become warmer
b) heat loss causes the water
to become cooler.

Pupils are guided to use and ? measure temperature using


read thermometer correctly. the correct technique.

Pupils gather information on ? state the metric unit for


the metric unit for measuring temperature.
temperature.

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Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils carry out activity to ? state that temperature of an


measure temperature, e.g. object or material increases
a) heat up water and record as it gains heat.
the temperature every few
minutes, ? state that temperature of an
b) turn off the Bunsen burner object or material decreases
and record the temperature as it loses heat.
every few minutes while
the water cools off. ? conclude that the
temperature is an indicator
Pupils discuss and conclude to measure hotness.
that the temperature:
a) increases when heat is
gained,
b) decreases when heat is lost.

Pupils discuss and conclude


that the temperature is an
indicator to measure hotness.

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Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
4.2 Understanding Pupils carry out activites to Pupils dent –kemek
the effects of observe the effects of heat on expand-mengembang
heat on matter. matter, e.g. ? state that matter expands contract-mengecut
when heated. snap - putus
a) heating an iron ball and
inserting it into an iron ? state that matter contracts
ring, when cooled.
b) cooling the heated iron
ball and inserting it into the
iron ring,
c) heating some coloured
water in a beaker with a
glass tube dipped into it
and observing the water
level in the glass tube,
d) putting a dented ping pong
ball in hot water,
e) cooling some coloured
water in a beaker with a
glass tube dipped into it
and observing the water
level in the glass tube.

Pupils discuss their


observations of the activities
and conclude that:

a) matter expands when


heated,
b) matter contracts when
cooled.

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Investigating Force and Energy Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils view video or computer ? give examples of the


simulation on the expansion application of the principle
and contraction of matter in of expansion and
everyday life, e.g. contraction in everyday life.

a) an electric cable is installed


loosely to prevent it from
snapping when it contracts
in cold weather,
b) there are gaps at railway
tracks to allow for
expansion in hot weather,
c) a tight bottle cap can be
loosened by immersing it in
hot water,
d) concrete slabs on
pavements have gaps to
allow for expansion.

34
Investigating Materials Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
1. States of Matter
1.1 Understanding Pupils classify objects and Pupils Suggested objects and solid – pepejal
that matter exist materials into solid, liquid and materials for pupils to liquid – cecair
in the form of gas. Pupils discuss and give ? classify objects and classify are: gas – gas
solid, liquid or reasons for their classification. materials into three states of Inflated water vapour – wap air
gas. matter. balloon,deflated evaporation – penyejatan
Pupils study the properties of balloon, stone, cooking condensation –
solid by: oil, milk, water, paper, kondensasi
a) weighing various kinds of ? state the properties of solid. paper clip, ruler, glue water cycle – kitar air
solids, and bicycle pump. interchangeable – boleh
b) measuring the volumes of saling bertukar
various kinds of solids, syringe - picagari
c) putting various types of
solids into containers of
various shapes.

Pupils discuss and conclude


the properties of solids, i.e. a
solid:
a) has mass,
b) has fixed volume,
c) has fixed shape.
? state the properties of liquid.
Pupils study the properties of
liquids by:
a) weighing various kind of
liquids,
b) measuring the volumes of
liquids,
c) pouring liquid into
containers of various
shapes.

35
Investigating Materials Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils discuss and conclude


the properties of liquids, i.e. a
liquid:
a) has mass,
b) has fixed volume,
c) has no permanent shape
but takes the shape of its
container.

Pupils observe the flow of ? state that some liquids flow Examples of liquids:
different liquids as they are faster than others. a) water
poured into containers. b) milk
c) condensed milk
Pupils discuss to conclude that d) cooking oil
some liquids flow faster than e) tomato sauce
others. f) cordial
g) shampoo
Pupils study the properties of ? state the properties of gas. h) glue
gas by:
a) balancing two inflated
balloons on a stick and
puncturing one of the
balloons,
b) inflating balloons of
different shapes,

36
Investigating Materials Year 5- Science

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Objectives Activities

c) observing smoke in a closed


container then placing an
inverted container on it.
Removing the cover of the
first container and observe
how smoke moves from a
container to another
inverted container placed
directly over it,
d) feeling the pressure of gas
in a syringe when its
plunges is pushed down
with nozzle closed.

Pupils discuss and conclude


the properties of gas, i.e. gas
a) has mass,
b) has no fixed shape but
takes the shape of its
container,
c) occupies space and has no
fixed volume,
d) can be compressed.

37
Investigating Materials Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
1.2 Understanding Pupils carry out the following Pupils Additional observation: evaporation-penyejatan
that matter can activities to observe the a) melting butter, condensation-
change from one change of the state of matter: ? state that water can change b) melting ice cream. kondensasi
state to another a) allowing ice to melt, its state. freezing-pembekuan
b) heating water until it boils, melting –
c) collecting water vapour, peleburan
allowing it to cool and
making it freeze.

Pupils discuss and conclude ? conclude that water can


that: exist in any of the three
a) water can change from one states of matter.
state to another,
b) water can exist as solid,
liquid and gas.
? identify the processes
Pupils discuss the process involved when a matter
involved when a matter changes from one state to Evaporation occurs at
changes from one state to another. the surface of a liquid
another, i.e. at any temperature.

a) melting,
b) boiling,
c) evaporation,
d) condensation,
e) freezing.

Pupils investigate and discuss ? identify factors that affect


the factors that affect how fast the rate of evaporation of
water evaporates e.g. water.
a) hot weather
b) windy

38
Investigating Materials Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
1.3 Understanding Pupils view computer Pupils cloud – awan
the water cycle simulation to study the water cycle –
formation of clouds and rain. ? describe how clouds are kitaran air
formed.
Pupils discuss and explain the ? describe how rain is formed.
changes in the state of matter
in the water cycle.
? explain how water is
Pupils view computer circulated in the
simulation on how water is environment.
circulated in the environment.
? explain the importance of
Pupils discuss the importance water cycle.
of water cycle.

1.4 Appreciating the Pupils view video about: Pupils


importance of a) the importance of water for
water resources living things, ? give reasons why we need
b) the effects of human to keep our water resources
activities on quality of water clean.
supply.

Pupils gather information on ? describe ways to keep our


how to keep our water water resources clean.
resources clean and present it
in the form of folio.

Pupils draw posters to show


appreciation that water is an
important resource.

39
Investigating Materials Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
2. Acid and Alkali
2.1 Understanding Pupils test substances to Pupils Pupils should taste the litmus paper – kertas
the properties of determine whether they are food samples provided litmus
acidic, alkaline acidic, alkaline or neutral ? identify acidic, alkaline and only and not any other sour – masam
and neutral substances based on the neutral substances using substances. bitter – pahit
substances. change of wet litmus papers litmus paper neutral – neutral
colour. acidic – keasidan
? identify the taste of acidic alkaline-kealkalian
Pupils determine whether food and alkaline food. property-sifat
samples are acidic or alkaline
by tasting the food samples
and testing with litmus paper.
? conclude the properties of
Pupils carry out discussion and acidic alkaline and neutral
conclude the properties of substances.
acidic, alkaline and neutral
substances in terms of taste
and colour changes of litmus
paper.

40
Investigating The Earth and The Universe Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
1. Constellation
1.1 Understanding Pupils view video or computer Pupils Big Dipper and constellation - buruj
the constellation simulation or visit planetarium Southern Cross can be Orion - Belantik
to observe various ? state what constellation is. seen between April – Scorpion - Skorpio
constellations. June around 8.00pm to Big Dipper - Biduk
10.00pm. Southern Cross –Pari
Pupils discuss that pattern – corak
constellation is a group of Orion can be seen direction – arah
stars that form a certain between December – season - musim
pattern in the sky. ? identify constellations. February around
8.00pm to 10.00pm.
Pupils observe the Orion,
Scorpion, Big Dipper and Scorpion can be seen
Southern Cross in the sky. between June to
August around 8.00pm
Pupils build a model to study to 10.00pm.
the pattern of Orion, Scorpion,
Big Dipper and Southern
Cross.
? state the importance of
Pupils gather information on constellations.
the importance of
constellations, e.g.
a) to show directions,
b) to indicate the time to carry
out certain activities, e.g
planting season.

41
Investigating The Earth and The Universe Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
2. The Earth, The Moon and The Sun
2.1 Understanding Pupils view video, computer Pupils The Earth rotates on rotate – berputar
the movements simulation or model about the its axis from west to sundial – jam matahari
of the Earth, the movement of the Earth, the ? state that the Earth rotates east and completes axis - paksi
Moon and the Moon and the Sun. on its axis. one rotation every 24 west – barat
Sun hours. east – timur
Pupils discuss and explain the ? state that the Earth rotates movement – pergerakan
rotation of the Earth and the and at the same time moves position – kedudukan
Moon and their movements round the Sun. throughout – sepanjang
around the Sun. shadow – bayang-
? state that the Moon rotates bayang
on its axis.

? state that the Moon rotates


and at the same time moves
round the Earth.

? state that the Moon and the


Earth move round the Sun
at the same time.
Pupils observe and record the ? describe the changes in
length and position of the
length and position of the
shadow of a pole at different shadow throughout the day.
time of the day (pole as the
object and the Sun as the
source of light).

Pupils fix a toothpick vertically


on the surface of a globe.
Pupils observe the length and
position of the shadow formed
when the globe is rotated at its
axis over a fixed light source.

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Investigating The Earth and The Universe Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
Pupils build a sundial.

Pupils discuss and conclude ? conclude that the Earth


that the Earth rotates on its rotates on its axis from west
axis from west to east. to east.

2.2 Understanding Pupils view video or computer Pupils illuminating – menyuluh


the occurrence simulation on how days and facing – menghadap
of day and night. nights are formed or carry out ? state that it is day time for rotating globe – glob
a simulation by illuminating a the part of the Earth facing yang berputar
rotating globe to observe the the Sun. day – siang
occurrence of day and night. night– malam
? state it is night time for the occurrence-
Based on the above activity, part of the Earth facing kejadian
pupils discuss how day and away from the Sun.
night occur.
? explain that day and night
Pupils draw diagrams to show occur due to the rotation of
the occurrence of day and the earth on its axis.
night.

2.3 Understanding Pupils view video or computer Pupils new moon – anak bulan
the phases of simulation and discuss that crescent - bulan sabit
the Moon the Moon does not emit light ? state that the Moon does half moon -bulan separa
but reflects the sunlight. not emit light. full moon – bulan
? explain that the Moon purnama
appears bright when it reflect - memantulkan
Pupils view video on the reflects sunlight. phase - fasa
phases of the Moon. ? describe the phases of the lunar calendar – Takwim
Moon. Qamari
emit - memancarkan

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Investigating The Earth and The Universe Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities

Pupils use a ping-pong ball


and light source to simulate the
following phases of the moon:
a) new moon,
b) crescent,
c) half moon,
d) full moon.

Pupils carry out a project to


observe and record the phases
of the Moon for a month and
relate them to the dates of the
lunar calendar.

44
Investigating Technology Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
1. Strength and Stability
1.1 Knowing the Pupils carry out activity to Pupils shape – bentuk
shapes of recognise the shapes of ? state the shapes of objects. cube - kubus
objects in objects, i.e. cuboid - kuboid
structures. a) cube, sphere - sfera
b) cuboid, cone - kon
c) sphere, cylinder - silinder
d) cone, pyramid - piramid
e) cylinder, hemisphere - hemisfera
f) pyramid, structure - struktur
g) hemisphere.
? identify shapes in
Pupils walk around the school structure.
compound and identify
shapes mentioned above.

1.2 Understanding Pupils carry out activities to Pupils strength – kekuatan /


the strength and identify the shapes of objects kekukuhan.
stability of a that are stable. ? identify shapes of objects stability – kestabilan
structure. that are stable. base area – luas tapak
Pupils carry out activities to affect - mempengaruhi
investigate factors that affect ? identify the factors that stand at ease – senang
the stability of a structure, e.g. affect stability of objects. diri
a) pushing a bottle standing stand at attention -
upright and a bottle bersedia
standing upside down,
b) pushing a high chair and a
low chair,

Pupils discuss and conclude


that the stability of an object is
affected by:
a) base area,
b) height.

45
Investigating Technology Year 5- Science

Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Objectives Activities
Pupils carry out activity to
investigate how base area
affects the stability of an
object, i.e. the bigger the base
area, the more stable the
object is.

Pupils carry out activity to ? explain how base area


investigate how height affects affects stability.
the stability of an object, i.e.
the higher the object, the less
stable the object is.

Pupils carry out activities to


study the factors that affect the ? explain how height affects
strength of a structure, e.g. stability.
a) suspend a weight on a straw
and then on a pencil,
b) make two bridges, one
using a piece of flat paper
and the other using a
folded paper. Then put ? identify the factors that
objects of the same mass affect the strength of a
on each bridge. structure.

Pupils discuss and conclude


that the strength of a structure
is affected by:
a) types of materials used,
b) how the structure is placed.

Pupils design the strongest ? design a model that is Suggestion:


and most stable structure strong and stable. use recycled materials.
using materials of their choice.

46
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Advisors Mahzan Bakar SMP, AMP DIRECTOR


CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
ZULKIFLY MOHD. WAZIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
(JULY 2005 UNTIL AUGUST 2006)
MAZNAH ABDUL HAMID DEPUTY DIRECTOR
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE

Editorial CHEAH ENG JOO PRINCIPAL ASSISTANT DIRECTOR (SCIENCE AND


MATHEMATICS SECTION)
Advisors CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
YEAP CHIN HENG (PH.D) ASSISTANT DIRECTOR (HEAD OF CORE SCIENCE
UNIT)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE (UNTIL
JULY 2005)

HO HENG LING ASSISTANT DIRECTOR (HEAD OF CORE SCIENCE


UNIT)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE

ZAIDI YAZID ASSISTANT DIRECTOR (HEAD OF ELECTIVE


SCIENCE UNIT)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE (UNTIL
DEC. 2005)

ZAIDAH MOHD. YUSOFF ASSISTANT DIRECTOR (HEAD OF ELECTIVE


SCIENCE UNIT)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE

Editor ZAINON ABD MAJID ASSISTANT DIRECTOR


CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE

47
PANEL OF WRITERS

CHEAH ENG JOO CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT LIM YOON KHIM SJKC KWANG HWA, P. PINANG
CENTRE
HO HENG LING CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT LINDA CHENG LEAN BEE SK HUTCHINGS, P. PINANG
CENTRE
ZAIDI YAZID CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT LIM SIEW PENG SK(P) METHODIST, MELAKA
CENTRE
YEAP CHIN HENG (PH.D) CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MAKRIN SUDI SK SAMPIR, SABAH
CENTRE
ZAINON ABD MAJID CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MARZITA OMAR SK PERMATANG BERTAM, P.P
CENTRE
AIZATUL ADZWA M. CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MUNISAMY A/L SENGODAN SJKT LADANG HENRIETTA,
BASRI CENTRE KEDAH
AHMAD SALIHIN MAT CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MISIAH SANUSI SK MERBAU SEMPAK,
SAAT CENTRE SELANGOR
LANITA MOHD YUSOF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MAHENDRAN A/L SK(L) METHODIST, K.L
CENTRE SUBRAMANIAM
SALBIAH MOHD SOM CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MOHD FAUZI HASHIM SK PAYA, PERLIS
CENTRE
SALINA HANUM OSMAN M CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT MOHD NASHUHA JAMIDIN MP SULTAN ABD HALIM, KEDAH
CENTRE (PH.D)
YUSOF ISMAIL CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT NORMAH ABD WAHAB SK AIR TERJUN, TERENGGANU
CENTRE
ZAIDAH MOHD YUSOF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT NORDIN AMBAK SK RASAU KERTEH,
CENTRE TERENGGANU
ZAINUSHAM YUSOF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT NOOR IEMAH ISMAIL SK SG BEHRANG, PERAK
CENTRE
ZULKIFLI BAHARUDIN CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT NOR LAILI HJ. SHOED SK PORT DICKSON,
CENTRE N.SEMBILAN
ABD WAHAB ABD AZIZ SK BUKIT LINTANG, MELAKA NORMAH BAHAROM SK SULTANAH ASMA, KEDAH
ARIFFIN JAAFAR SK KEMAHANG 2, KELANTAN OOI CHONG NAM SJKC YANG KOA,
ABDULLAH IBRAHIM SK WAKAF BHARU, KELANTAN ROHANI AHMAD SK METHODIST, PERAK
AHMAD HASAN SK KUALA PERLIS, PERLIS ROSANANI GHAZALI SK SERI BIRAM, PAHANG
ABU JALIL HASAN IPDA JITRA, KEDAH RAIS ABD AZIZ SK BATU LANCHANG, P.PINANG
AZIZAH NGAH TASIR MP TEKNIK, KUALA LUMPUR ROHAYA AHMAD SK SG. RAMBAI,
ETTIN AK LAMBAT SK ST. FAITH, SARAWAK ROHANA HUSSEIN SK JLN. 2, BANGI, SELANGOR
FUAD HASHIM SK P SULTAN IBRAHIM, JOHOR ROSNAH JOHARI MP BATU RAKIT , TERENGGANU

48
FARIDAH SALLEH SK JIJAN,NEGERI SEMBILAN SITI NORFARIDAH CHAI SK AGAMA MIRI, SARAWAK
ABDULLAH
FATIMAH YUSOFF MPP MELAYU, MELAKA SHAMSURIA EBNI SK ST ANNES, WP LABUAN
FADZILLAH AB RAHMAN SK SERI BUDIMAN II, SURIAKUMARI A/LP SJKT PAYA RUMPUT, MELAKA
TERENGGANU PALANIYANDI
HASANOR SAID MOHD SK TAMAN MELATI, KL SAAT ARIFFIN SK PULAU KUNDUR, KELANTAN
SABRI
IBRAHIM ABDULLAH SK PENGHULU AHMAD, KEDAH SITI FAUZIAH RIDZUAN SK BATU HAMPAR, KEDAH
INDON SULONG SK MERGONG II, KEDAH TEH MALIHAH HUSSAIN SK SIMPANG EMPAT, PERAK
JAGAJOTHY A/P SK CONVENT GREEN LANE, VENANCY ANGELA SUIMEN SRK ST. ALOYSIUS LIMBANAK,
SELVARASAH SABAH
JAFFRI JOHAN ZANUDIN SK BATU HAMPAR, KEDAH WONG POH TECK SK SEMABOK, MELAKA
KU NORGAYAH KU SK TASIK APONG, KEDAH ZAINUDDIN ABDULLAH SK BATANG MELAKA, MELAKA
SULONG

49
Curriculum Development Centre
Ministry of Education
2005