Você está na página 1de 26

(FUTURO DO PRESENTE)

I WILL SPEAK ENGLISH


EU FALAREI INGLÊS

I WOULD SPEAK ENGLISH


EU FALARIA INGLÊS

I CAN SPEAK ENGLISH


EU POSSO FALAR INGLÊS

I COULD SPEAK ENGLISH


EU PODERIA FALAR INGLES

I SHALL SPEAK ENGLISH


EU HEI DE FALAR INGLES

I SHOULD SPEAK ENGLISH


EU DEVERIA FALAR INGLES

I MAY SPEAK ENGLISH


EU PODERIA FALAR INGLES

I MIGHT SPEAK ENGLISH


EU TALVEZ FALE INGLES

I MIGHT GO TO YOUR HOUSE (EU TALVEZ VÁ A SUA CASA)


(MIGHT) AUXILIA VEBO.

(QUE HORAS VOCÊ VAI? MAYBE ( TALVEZ) AT TWO )

MAYBE USADO SEM VERBO.


PERHAPS (TALVEZ) SINÔNIMO DE MAYBE

PALAVRAS QUE COMEÇAM OU TERMINAM COM CH SOM DE TCH

EXEMPLO CHAIR LÊ–SE TCHER (TIER) tchar- tchêr- tchir–tchor- tchur

EA e EE SOM DE iiii ESTICADO

CHAIR - cadeira

SHARE - compartilhar

CHOOSE - escolher

SHOES - sapatos

CHEAP - barato, contrário de caro.

SHEEP - ovelha ou carneiro

CHIP – circuito eletrônico (tchêp)

SHIP – navio (chép)

CHEAT – trapacear (colar na prova)

SHEET – folha ( qualquer folha que não seja de arvore) LEAF = FOLHA DE CADERNO.

WHICH – qual (escolha) qual dos? Qual das? Ex. which is your name? Guilherme ou
lucas?

WISH – desejo de querer (comum desejo) DESIRE = desejo sexual, carnal. CRAVING =
desejo alimentar, ingerir algo.

CHURCH - igreja

MACHINE – máquina (NEM COMEÇA NEM TERMINA) SOM NORMAL

TEACHER – professor ( professor em inglês é proféssor – de profissional)

TO TEACH – lecionador, ensinador.


I AM NOT

You ARE NOT


he/she/it IS NOT
we ARE NOT
you ARE NOT
they ARE NOT

I’M NOT tire a letra “O” e coloca o apostrofe

You’RE NOT
he/she/it’S NOT
we’RE NOT
you’RE NOT
they’RE NOT

I DON`t
You AREN’T
he/she/it ISN’T
we AREN’T
you AREN’T
they AREN’T

you are in school Negação com verbo to be


you aren’t in school
she is in school
she isn’t in school

Verbo fazer (do)


I DO
YOU DO
HE/SHE/IT DOES
WE DO
YOU DO
THEY DO
AQUI O “DO” DEIXA DE SER VERBO E PASSA A SER AUXILIAR
DE FRASES NEGATIVAS.
I don’t eu não
You don’t você não
he/she/it doesn’t ele, ela (ele)( para coisas e
animais) não
we don’t não
you don’t não
they don’t não

Negação sem verbo to be


you go to school
you don’t go to school
she goes to school
she doesn’t go to school

COM ESSES AUXILIARES NÃO SE USA DON’T E NEM


DOESN’T

you will go to school


you won’t go to school
she would go to school
she wouldn’t go to school

NEGAÇÃO DOS 8 AUXILIARES


WILL WON’T (irregular)
WOULD WOULDN’T
(CANNOT) - CAN CAN’T (irregular)
COULD COULDN’T
SHALL NOT (não existe contração)
SHOULD shouldn’t
MAY not (não existe contração)
MIGHT not

I
You
he/she/it
we
you
they

LEITURA: DID (DÊDT)


NEM SEMPRE O “DID” É USADO PARA O PASSADO DO VERBO FAZER. “DID” não tem
tradução. (Verbo não vai para o passado, fica no PRESENTE).

Did + pessoa ou sujeito + verbo +


complemebto

Exemplo: DID you go to school ?(voê foi a


escola?)

DID she work yesterday?

DID he do homework?
FORMA
CONTRAÍDA.

(VERBO NÃO VAI PARA O PASSADO, FICA NO PRESENTE). “DIDN’T” (NÃO TEM
TRADUÇÃO.)
https://www.bomingles.com.br/gramatica/modos-tempos-
verbais/lista-verbos-irregulares

TABELA DE VERBOS IRREGULARES EM


INGLÊS NO PASSADO
Particípio
Passado passado
Significado
Infinitivo simples
Ado,ido, ito

TO ARISE AROSE ARISEN


erguer, levantar
LEVANTAR LEVANTEI LEVANTADO

to awake awoke awoken acordar, despertar

to be was / were been ser, estar, ficar

to bear bore borne suportar, aguentar

to beat beat beaten bater, espancar, superar, vibrar, palpitar

to become became become tornar-se

to begin began begun começar, iniciar

to bend bent bent curvar, entortar, franzir, dirigir, desistir

to bet bet bet apostar

oferecer, convidar, ordenar, desejar,


to bid bade bidden
leiloar

to bind bound bound atar, amarrar, obrigar


to bite bit bitten morder, engolir a isca

to bleed bled bled sangrar, perder sangue;

to blow blew blown soprar, assobiar, fazer soar

to break broke broken quebrar, romper, violar

procriar, gerar, fazer criação, educar,


to breed bred bred
ensinar

to bring brought brought trazer, servir, causar, executar, induzir

to build built built construir, edificar, fabricar

to burn burnt burnt queimar, incendiar, carbonizar

to burst burst burst arrebentar, explodir, brotar, exclamar

to buy bought bought comprar

to cast cast cast arremessar, jogar, derrubar, moldar

to catch caught caught pegar, capturar, entender, adquirir

to choose chose chosen escolher, selecionar, preferir

to cling clung clung pegar-se, unir-se, aderir

to clothe clothed clothed vestir, cobrir

to come came come vir, chegar

to cost cost cost custar

engatinhar, arrastar-se no chão, andar de


to creep crept crept
rasto
to crow crew crowed cacarejar

to cut
Cut Cut
CORTAR cortar, partir, reduzir, recortar, castrar
CORTEI CORTADO

dar, distribuir, repartir, dividir, espalhar,


to deal dealt dealt
negociar

to dig dug dug cavar, escavar

to do did done fazer

to draw drew drawn desenhar, extrair, sair

to drink drank drunk beber

to drive drove driven dirigir, guiar

residir, ficar por um tempo, enfatizar,


to dwell dwelt dwelt
insistir em

to eat ate eaten comer

cair, desaguar, abater-se, decrescer,


to fall fell fallen
diminuir

to feed fed fed alimentar, nutrir

to feel felt felt sentir, notar

to fight fought fought lutar, brigar

to find found found achar, encontrar

to flee fled fled fugir, escapar, evitar, correr

to fling flung flung lançar, arremessar


to fly flew flown voar

to forbid forbade forbidden proibir

to forget forgot forgotten esquecer(-se)

to forgive forgave forgiven perdoar

to forsake forsook forsaken abandonar, desertar, largar; abrir mão de

to freeze froze frozen congelar, gelar

to get got got obter, conseguir

to give gave given dar

to go went gone ir

to grow grew grown crescer, florescer, germinar

to hang hung hung pendurar, suspender

to have had had ter, possuir

to hear heard heard ouvir, escutar, ter notícias

to heave hove hove puxar

to hew hewed hewn reduzir, talhar

to hide hid hidden esconder(-se), ocultar

to hit hit hit bater, chocar-se

to hold held held segurar, agarrar

to hurt hurt hurt ferir(-se), machucar

to keep kept kept manter, conservar, preservar


to kneel knelt knelt ajoelhar-se

to knit knit knit tricotar

to know knew known saber, conhecer

to lay laid laid pôr, colocar, derrubar, deitar

to lead led led conduzir, liderar, dirigir, comandar

saltar, pular, transportar, cobrir (os


to leap leapt leapt
animais)

to learn learnt learnt aprender, ficar sabendo

to leave left left partir, deixar, sair

to lend lent lent emprestar

to let let let permitir, deixar

to lie lay lain deitar, jazer

to light lit lit acender, iluminar

to lose lost lost perder

FAZER FIZ FEITO


fazer, criar, elaborar
TO MAKE MADE MADE

to mean meant meant significar, querer dizer

to meet met met encontrar(-se), reunir(-se)

to partake partook partaken participar

to pay paid paid pagar

to put put put pôr, colocar


to quit quit quit desistir, abandonar

to read read read ler, interpretar

to ride rode ridden cavalgar, andar de bibicleta ou carro

to ring rang rung soar, tocar (campainha, telefone)

to rise rose risen erguer-se, levantar-se

to run ran run correr, apressar-se

to saw sawed sawn serrar

to say said said dizer, afirmar, declarar

to see saw seen ver, perceber

PEDIR PEDI PEDIDO


procurar, pedir, almejar
TO SEEK SOUGHT SOUGHT

to sell sold sold vender

to send sent sent enviar, mandar

to set set set pôr, dispor, ajustar

to sew sewed sewn costurar, coser

sacudir, agitar, apertar a mão (em


to shake shook shaken
cumprimento)

to shed shed shed derramar, vazar

to shine shone shone brilhar

to shoot shot shot atirar, ferir com tiro

to show showed shown mostrar, apresentar


to shred shred shred cortar em pedaços, picar, retalhar, rasgar

to shrink shrank shrunk contrair, encolher, recuar

to shut shut shut fechar, cerrar; tampar

to sing sang sung cantar

to sink sank sunk afundar

to sit sat sat sentar(-se)

to slay slew slain matar, assassinar, destruir, arruinar

to sleep slept slept dormir

to slide slid slid escorregar, deslizar

to sling slung slung atirar, arremessar

to smell smelt smelt cheirar

to smite smote smitten bater, espancar

to sow sowed sown semear

to speak spoke spoken falar

to spell spelt spelt soletrar

to spend spent spent gastar (dinheiro), passar (tempo)

to spill spilt spilt derramar

to spin spun spun girar

to spit spat spit cuspir

to spoil spoilt spoilt estragar, destruir


to spread spread spread espalhar, estender

to spring sprang sprung saltar, lançar-se, libertar-se

to stand stood stood ficar ou pôr-se de pé

to steal stole stolen roubar, furtar

to stick stuck stuck cravar, fincar

to sting stung stung picar, ferroar

to stink stank stunk feder; enojar

to strew strewed strewn espalhar, polvilhar, aspergir

to stride strode stridden caminhar, cavalgar

to strike struck struck bater, golpear

to string strung strung amarrar, pendurar, enfiar, esticar

to strive strove striven aspirar, tentar, esforçar-se

to swear swore sworn jurar

to sweat sweat sweat suar

to sweep swept swept varrer

to swell swelled swollen inchar (-se), crescer, encher (os pneus)

to swim swam swum nadar

to swing swung swung balançar

to take took taken tomar, pegar, levar

to teach taught taught ensinar


to tear tore torn chorar, lacrimejar; rasgar, rachar

to tell told told dizer, contar

to think thought thought pensar, achar

to thrive throve thriven ter sucesso

to throw threw thrown lançar, atirar

to thrust thrust thrust empurrar

to tread trod trodden pisar, andar, pôr os pés

to
understan understood understood entender, compreender
d

to wake woke woken acordar

to wear wore worn vestir, usar, trajar

to weave wove woven tecer, trançar

to weep wept wept chorar

to wet wet wet molhar, umedecer

to win won won ganhar, vencer

to wind wound wound girar, enrolar-se

to wring wrung wrung torcer

Particípio passado

IDO, ADO, ITO


INFINITIVO PASSADO PARTICIPIO PASSADO

PEDIR PEDI PEDIDO

TO SEEK SOUGHT SOUGHT

I HAVE SOUGHT ( EU TENHO PROCURADO)

TO ARISE AROSE ARISEN

LEVANTAR LEVANTEI LEVANTADO

EU TENHO LEVANTADO

FAZER FIZ FEITO

TO MAKE MADE MADE

EU TENHO FEITO
Aula 05

EU QUERO O CARRO AZUL

I WANT THE BLUE CAR

EU QUERO O AZUL

I WANT THE BLUE ONE (“ONE” QUASE UM AUXILIAR, SEM TRADUÇÃO-SINGULAR)

EU QUERO AS CAMISAS AZUIS

I WANT THE BLUE SHIRTS

EU QUERO AS AZUIS

I WANT THE BLUE ONES (PLURAL)

I QUERO ESSE

I WANT THIS ONE

EU QUERO AQUELES

I WANT THOSE ONES

PRONOMES DEMONSTRATIVOS (DEMONSTRATIVE
PRONOUNS)

THIS (SINGULAR) ESTE, ESTA, ISTO (PERTO)

ESSE, ESSA, ISSO, AQUELE,


THAT (SINGULAR)
AQUELA, AQUILO

THESE (PLURAL) ESTES, ESTAS

ESSES, ESSAS, AQUELES,


THOSE (PLURAL)
AQUELAS
https://www.todamateria.com.br/pronomes-
em-ingles/

I AM
You ARE
he/she/it IS
we ARE
you ARE
they ARE
VERBOS NA TERCEIRA PESSOA HE-SHE-IT-
TERMINADOS EM:
O,S,X,SH,CH = + ES
VOGAL a,e,i,o,u + y = +S
CONSOANTE +Y = tira o y (–y) acrescenta +
IES
RESTANTE = +S
EXCETO HAVE = HAS

I KISS (KÉS)
You KISS
he/she/it KISSES
we KISS
you KISS
they KISS

I GO
You GO
he/she/it GOES
we GO
you GO
they GO

I TEACH
You TEACH
he/she/it TEACHES
we TEACH
you TEACH
they TEACH

I SAY (SÊI)
You SAY
he/she/it SAYS (SÉS)
we SAY
you SAY
they SAY

I CRY
You CRY
he/she/it CRIES
we CRY
you CRY
they CRY

RESTANTE:
I LOVE
You LOVE
he/she/it LOVES
we LOVE
you LOVE
they LOVE
I HAVE
You HAVE
he/she/it HAS
we HAVE
you HAVE
they HAVE

Você também pode gostar