Você está na página 1de 9

%LRVVHJXUDQoD

Autoria: Nilze Favero

Tema 01
Biossegurança: Reflexão Histórica e Questões do Mundo Contemporâneo

7HPD
Biossegurança: Reflexão Histórica e Questões do Mundo Contemporâneo
Autoria: Nilze Favero
Como citar esse documento:
FAVERO, Nilze. Biossegurança: %LRVVHJXUDQoD5HÀH[mR+LVWyULFDH4XHVW}HVGR0XQGR&RQWHPSRUkQHR. &DGHUQRGH$WLYLGDGHV$QKDQJXHUD
3XEOLFDo}HV9DOLQKRV

Índice

CONVITEÀLEITURA PORDENTRODOTEMA
Pág. 3 Pág. 4

ACOMPANHENAWEB
Pág. 9 Pág. 11

Pág. 14 Pág. 14

Pág. 15 Pág. 16

‹ $QKDQJXHUD (GXFDFLRQDO 3URLELGD D UHSURGXomR ¿QDO RX SDUFLDO SRU TXDOTXHU PHLR GH LPSUHVVmR HP IRUPD LGrQWLFD UHVXPLGD RX PRGL¿FDGD HP OtQJXD
SRUWXJXHVDRXTXDOTXHURXWURLGLRPD
CONVITEÀLEITURA
Este Caderno de Atividades foi elaborado com base no livro: Biossegurança – estratégias de gestão de riscos, doenças
emergentes e reemergentes: impactos na saúde pública, da autora Telma Abdalla de Oliveira, Editora Santos, 2012.

Conteúdo

Nesta aula, você estudará:

‡ O conceito histórico da biossegurança no Brasil.

‡ Os principais conceitos aplicados à biossegurança.

‡ A importância do Comitê de Biossegurança na gestão de saúde.

Habilidades

$R¿QDOYRFrGHYHUiVHUFDSD]GHUHVSRQGHUDVVHJXLQWHVTXHVW}HV

‡ Qual a contribuição da biossegurança para a gestão em saúde?

‡ Qual a diferença da biossegurança ao longo da história?

‡ 4XDLVVmRDVDWULEXLo}HVGHXP&RPLWrGH%LRVVHJXUDQoD"

‡ 4XDLVDo}HVGHYHPVHUDGRWDGDVHPSUROGDLPSODQWDomRGDSROtWLFDGHELRVVHJXUDQoDLQVWLWXFLRQDO"

PORDENTRODOTEMA
Conceito de Biossegurança
A biossegurançaSRGHVHUGH¿QLGDFRPRXPDFLrQFLDUHODFLRQDGDjUHGXomRHSUHYHQomRGHULVFRVLQHUHQWHVjV
práticas tecnológicas. Ela se aplica aos processos laboratoriais e ao meio ambiente onde o ser humano se encontra
inserido.

)D]HP SDUWH GD KLVWyULD GD KXPDQLGDGH DV GRHQoDV FRQWDJLRVDV H RV LPSDFWRV FDXVDGRV SRU HODV WHQGR FRPR
FRQVHTXrQFLDQRYDVIRUPDVGHFRQYtYLRVRFLDOOHYDQGRHPFRQVLGHUDomRTXHVXDSURSDJDomRpXPIHQ{PHQRUHODFLRQDGR
à concentração de pessoas em termos de adensamento urbano da população mundial, favorecendo a emergência e
reemergência de doenças.

$ SHVWH QHJUD GRHQoD TXH DWLQJLX D (XURSD HP JUDQGH HVFDOD QR VpFXOR ;,9 ¿FRX UHJLVWUDGD FRPR XPD GRHQoD
GHYDVWDGRUDGHYLGRDVHXDOWRSRGHUGHFRQWiJLRHPRUWDOLGDGHRTXHPRWLYRXDEXVFDSRUVROXo}HVHSHORFRQWUROHGH
VXDGLVVHPLQDomR&RPHVWHREMHWLYRKiUHODWRVGDLQYHQomRGRTXHVHULDPRVSULPHLURVHTXLSDPHQWRVGHSURWHomR
LQGLYLGXDOHFRPHOHVGDVSULPHLUDVDo}HVSUHYHQWLYDVGHFRQWHQomRGHULVFRRTXHDWXDOPHQWHpXPDVGDVSULQFLSDLV
iUHDV GD ELRVVHJXUDQoD 3DUD DWHQGHU DRV SDFLHQWHV H HYLWDU SLFDGDV GH SXOJDV PpGLFRV PHGLHYDLV LQYHQWDUDP H
XWLOL]DYDPXPDURXSDGHSURWHomRTXHFRQVLVWLDHPXPDW~QLFDORQJDGHFRXURGHFDEUDIHFKDGDDWpRVSXQKRVERWDV
GHFRXURGHFDQRORQJROXYDVGHFRXURGHSXQKRVDOWRVDFDEHoDHUDFREHUWDSRUFDSX]HXPDHVSpFLHGHPiVFDUDFRP
QDUL]ORQJRFRPXWLOL]DomRGHHUYDVDURPiWLFDVHOHQWHVGHFULVWDO

'HIXQGDPHQWDOLPSRUWkQFLDRXVRGDVURXSDVGHSURWHomRWRUQRXSRVVtYHORDYDQoRGRVWUDWDPHQWRVDUHGXomRGR
FRQWiJLRHQWUHRVPpGLFRVHDOpPGHWDLVPHGLGDVIRUDPFULDGDVEDUUHLUDVGHFRQWUROHGHFRQWiJLRGDSHVWHLQLFLDQGR
SHODFLGDGHGH9HQH]DTXHLPS{VOHJLVODomRGHTXDUHQWHQDSDUDYLDMDQWHVTXHYLHVVHPGHOXJDUHVLQIHFWDGRV

7UDGX]LQGRSDUDXPFRQWH[WRJHUDODELRVVHJXUDQoDHVWiYROWDGDjMXQomRGDYLGDHGDsegurança'HIRUPDVLPSOL¿FDGD
HVWiYROWDGDDDo}HVTXHSRGHPVHUDSOLFDGDVSDUDRFRWLGLDQRGRVHUKXPDQRFRQWULEXLQGRSDUDRFRQWUROHGHGRHQoDV
SRUPHLRGHYDFLQDVPHGLGDVGHKLJLHQHSHVVRDOHFROHWLYDVDQHDPHQWREiVLFRHQWUHRXWUDVSUiWLFDVTXHIDYRUHFHPD
redução do risco de disseminação de doenças microbianas.


PORDENTRODOTEMA
2TXHVHFRPSUHHQGHDRORQJRGRKLVWyULFRGDELRVVHJXUDQoDQRPXQGRpTXHHODIRLPXLWRGLVFXWLGDHPUHODomRjV
SULQFLSDLVIRUPDVGHFRQWiJLRQRHQWDQWRWUDWDQGRRHYHQWRDSyVVXDRFRUUrQFLDLVWRpDVIRUPDVHDo}HVGHSUHYHQomR
DRVHYHQWRVHUDPSRXFRHQIDWL]DGDV

1RFRQWH[WRKRVSLWDODUSRGHPVHUDWULEXtGRVRVPDLVGLYHUVRVH[HPSORVUHODFLRQDGRVDRVULVFRVRFXSDFLRQDLVGHVGHR
DPELHQWHDRTXDORFRODERUDGRUDWXDDWpVXDIXQomRHTXLSDPHQWRVTXHXWLOL]DHQWUHRXWURVIDWRUHV

Os primeiros estudos voltados à análise dos riscos inerentes às práticas ocupacionais surgiram com as atividades
UHODFLRQDGDV j H[SRVLomR GH DJHQWHV ELROyJLFRV LQLFLDOPHQWH UHODWDGDV HP  SRU 0H\HU H (GGLH VHJXLGRV GRV
HVWXGLRVRV6XONLQH3LNHHP 2'$628=$apud%,16)(/' 

6HJXLQGR R FRQWH[WR KLVWyULFR VXUJLX HP  R FRQKHFLPHQWR VREUH DV WpFQLFDV H RV HTXLSDPHQWRV XWLOL]DGRV QD
SUHYHQomR GH LQIHFo}HV UHODFLRQDGDV jV SUiWLFDV ODERUDWRULDLV FRQIRUPH D FRQFOXVmR GR HVWXGR UHDOL]DGR SRU 3LNH
2'$628=$apud%,16)(/' 2VVHUYLoRVGHVD~GHQmRSRVVXtDPDLQGDPDQXDLVUHJXODPHQWDGRUHV
UHODFLRQDGRVDRFRQWUROHGRVULVFRV)RLHQWmRTXHHPIRLHGLWDGRSHOR&HQWURGH&RQWUROHGH'RHQoDVGRV(VWDGRV
8QLGRV &'& RSULPHLURPDQXDOGHELRVVHJXUDQoDTXHHPVXDDERUGDJHPHYLGHQFLRXRVSURFHGLPHQWRVHDVDo}HV
YROWDGDVjPLQLPL]DomRGHULVFRV

3RUHVWHVFRQFHLWRVHQWUHRXWURVHYLGHQFLDGRVSRUPHLRGRVUHJLVWURVKLVWyULFRVVREUHDELRVVHJXUDQoDVXUJLXRVtPEROR
GRELRUULVFR )LJXUD FULDGRSRU(PPHW%DUNOH\QDGpFDGDGHFRPRPHLRGHSURSRUDVLQDOL]DomRGRVULVFRV
de origem biológica.

Figura 1.16tPERORGRULVFRELROyJLFR

PORDENTRODOTEMA
&RQIRUPHDHYROXomRHDFRPSUHHQVmRTXDQWRDRVIDWRUHVUHODFLRQDGRVjsusceptibilidadeGRVLQGLYtGXRVDRVULVFRV
RFXSDFLRQDLVWRUQRXVHQHFHVViULRLGHQWL¿FDUXPDIRUPDGHXWLOL]DomRGRVGLVSRVLWLYRVGHSURWHomRGHIRUPDUDFLRQDO
principalmente em relação à proteção de contaminação por doenças infectocontagiosas.

$SDUWLUGDUHDOLGDGHUHIHUHQWHjDPHDoDGHFRQWiJLRGHQRYRVHDQWLJRVDJHQWHVHWLROyJLFRVDo}HVUHDOL]DGDVLVRODGDPHQWH
QmRVmRH¿FD]HVHPUHODomRjLPSOHPHQWDomRGHSUiWLFDVFRPHIHLWRVJOREDLVQRHQWDQWRDELRVVHJXUDQoDGHYHVHU
FRPSUHHQGLGDFRPRXPDFLrQFLDPXOWLSUR¿VVLRQDOTXHID]SDUWHGDUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHGDLQVWLWXLomRHQYROYHQGRGHVGH
DDOWDDGPLQLVWUDomRDWpDOLQKDGHIUHQWHRVFRODERUDGRUHVRSHUDFLRQDLV

1R HQWDQWR PXLWDV VmR DV Do}HV QHFHVViULDV D VHUHP REVHUYDGDV TXDQWR DR WUDWDPHQWR GRV HYHQWRV RFRUULGRV QDV
LQVWLWXLo}HVHQRVVHUYLoRVGHVD~GHSRUH[HPSORDQRWL¿FDomRGHDFLGHQWHVQRWUDEDOKRDLQGDQHFHVVLWDGHHVWUXWXUDomR
TXDQWR j VXD FRQGXomR LVWR p D QRWL¿FDomR GRV FDVRV H R WUDWDPHQWR GHOHV VmR GH H[WUHPD LPSRUWkQFLD TXDQGR
UHODFLRQDGRVjFRQWULEXLomRGRVSURJUDPDVHVWUDWpJLFRVGHELRVVHJXUDQoDQRFDPSRGDVD~GH2XWURIDWRUDJUDYDQWH
HGHH[WUHPDLPSRUWkQFLDRFRUUHFRPDQHFHVVLGDGHGHLPSOHPHQWDomRGHXPHVTXHPDGHYLJLOkQFLDGRVDFLGHQWHV
RFRUULGRVQRVODERUDWyULRVFOtQLFRVQR%UDVLO

2VSULQFLSDLVIDWRUHVFRQWULEXLQWHVSDUDRVDFLGHQWHVUHODFLRQDGRVDRPDWHULDOELROyJLFRVmRGHVFULWRVSRU2GDH6RX]D
apud%,16)(/' 

$o}HVH[HFXWDGDVSRUUHSHWLomRHFRPEDL[DVXEHVWLPDomRGRFRODERUDGRUTXDQWRjVXDH[HFXomR

8VRLQDGHTXDGRRXQmRXWLOL]DomRGRVHTXLSDPHQWRVGHSURWHomRLQGLYLGXDO

- Falha no mapeamento dos riscos encontrados no processo.

3HUDQWHWRGRRFHQiULRGLVFXWLGRHPUHODomRjRFRUUrQFLDGHHYHQWRVQRDPELHQWHGHWUDEDOKRYHUL¿FDVHTXHPXLWR
HVWiUHODFLRQDGR DR ODERUDWyULR GH DQiOLVHVFOtQLFDV HTXH UHVXOWD GH P~OWLSORV SURFHVVRV HQYROYHQGR DPDQLSXODomR
GH PDWHULDLV TXH SRVVDP RIHUHFHU ULVFR j VD~GH GR FRODERUDGRU$ PDQLSXODomR GH VXEVWkQFLDV RX RUJDQLVPRV TXH
SRVVDPVHUPDQLSXODGRVRXRSHUDGRVSRUPHLRGHHTXLSDPHQWRVDQDOtWLFRVSRGHSURYRFDUQmRVRPHQWHFRQWDPLQDomR
SRU DJHQWHV ELROyJLFRV &DEH UHVVDOWDU TXH H[LVWHP YiULRV WLSRV GH ULVFRV FRUUHODFLRQDGRV D FDGD SURFHVVR VHQGR
necessário o mapeamento do risco de cada um.


PORDENTRODOTEMA
3DUD D PLQLPL]DomR GHVVHV HYHQWRV GHVWDFDPVH RV (3,V GH¿QLGRV FRPR (TXLSDPHQWRV GH 3URWHomR ,QGLYLGXDO$
H[HPSORGRVHTXLSDPHQWRVXWLOL]DGRVSHORVPpGLFRVSDUDDSURWHomRQDpSRFDGDSHVWHQHJUDHVVHVHTXLSDPHQWRV
SRVVXHPFRPRREMHWLYRSULQFLSDODSURWHomRGRVFRODERUDGRUHVTXDQWRjH[HFXomRGHDWLYLGDGHVTXHSRVVDPH[SRU
HVVHVFRODERUDGRUHVDDJHQWHVTXtPLFRVRXELROyJLFRV

6HJXQGRD/HLQGHGH]HPEURGHDVHPSUHVDVVmRREULJDGDVDIRUQHFHUDVHXVFRODERUDGRUHVGHIRUPD
JUDWXLWDRVHTXLSDPHQWRVSDUDVXDSURWHomRLQGLYLGXDOTXHGHYHPHVWDUHPyWLPRHVWDGRGHFRQVHUYDomR

-iQRTXHVHUHIHUHD(3&VHVWHVVmRGH¿QLGRVFRPR(TXLSDPHQWRVGH3URWHomR&ROHWLYDTXHVHGHVWLQDPjPLQLPL]DomR
GHULVFRVGHWUDEDOKRHPFRQGLo}HVLQVDOXEUHVH[HPSOR¿OWURVHFDELQHVGHVWLQDGRVjPDQLSXODomRGHVXEVWkQFLDV
TXtPLFDV

3DUDTXHDVDWLYLGDGHVSUiWLFDVHDo}HVGHSURWHomRLQGLYLGXDOHFROHWLYDGHFRQWiJLRVHMDPJDUDQWLGDVQDWRWDOLGDGHWRGR
VHUYLoRGHVD~GHEHPFRPRDVLQVWLWXLo}HVKRVSLWDODUHVGHYHPFRQWHUHPVXDHVWUXWXUDXP&RPLWrGH%LRVVHJXUDQoD
TXHGHYHUiDFRPSDQKDURVSURFHVVRVHSURSRUSROtWLFDVGHVHJXUDQoDGRWUDEDOKRUHDOL]DQGRDUHYLVmRFRQWLQXDGDGRV
ULVFRVLQHUHQWHVDFDGDDWLYLGDGHSUR¿VVLRQDO

É importante destacar a importância do gerenciamento dos eventos de forma interna. Em todos os eventos na saúde,
DVVLP FRPR QR FDVR GRV HYHQWRV UHODFLRQDGRV j VHJXUDQoD GR FRODERUDGRU Ki D QHFHVVLGDGH GH VH SURSRU Do}HV
SULQFLSDOPHQWHFRPIRFRHGXFDWLYRLVWRpRHYHQWRRFRUULGRGHYHVHUDQDOLVDGRHPWRGRRVHXSURFHVVRSDUDVyHQWmR
ser desenvolvido um plano de ação com objetivo curativo e preventivo.

6DEHVHTXHRVHUURVHVWmRUHODFLRQDGRVDWRGDVDVDWLYLGDGHVGHVHQYROYLGDVHPXPDLQVWLWXLomRTXHSUHGLVS}HPR
LQGLYtGXRDXPDVpULHGHIDWRUHVQRHQWDQWRRHUURpGH¿QLGRFRPRXPDDomRQmRLQWHQFLRQDOFDSD]GHJHUDUGDQR2
IRFRGHWRGDDomRQmRGHYHVHUSDXWDGRHPTXHPFRPHWHXRHUURPDVVLPQRIDWRGHTXHRHUURHVWiUHODFLRQDGRD
XPFRQMXQWRGHIDOKDVPXLWDVYH]HVH[HFXWDGDVYiULDVYH]HVeIXQGDPHQWDOGHVGHTXHH[LVWDPEDUUHLUDVSUHYHQWLYDV
H¿FD]HVTXHWRGRHUURSRVVDVHUHYLWDGRRXVHMDRVHYHQWRVTXDQGRRFRUUHPGHYHPVHUHQFDUDGRVFRPRGH¿FLrQFLDV
QDVEDUUHLUDVGHFRQWHQomRGRVHYHQWRV(QWmRWRGRSODQRGHDomRRXHVWUDWpJLDGHSUHYHQomRGHYHVHUDYDOLDGDHP
relação à sua efetividade.

$VGH¿FLrQFLDVSRGHPVHUWUDGX]LGDVSRUPHLRGD7HRULDGR4XHLMR6XtoR )LJXUD VHJXQGRRPRGHORGH5HDVRQ


TXHFRUUHODFLRQDRVHYHQWRVDRVEXUDFRVQDVIDL[DVGHTXHLMRHYLGHQFLDQGRDQHFHVVLGDGHGHUHGXomRHHOLPLQDomRGH
GH¿FLrQFLDV3RUpPDSULQFLSDOIHUUDPHQWDTXHXPVHUYLoRGHVD~GHGHYHRIHUHFHUDVHXVFRODERUDGRUHVHVWiUHODFLRQDGD
jLQIRUPDomRHjIRUPDomRFRQWLQXDGDOHYDQGRRSUR¿VVLRQDOjFRQVFLHQWL]DomRGDLPSRUWkQFLDGDVHJXUDQoDLQGLYLGXDO
e coletiva em todas as etapas dos processos de trabalho.

PORDENTRODOTEMA

Figura 1.2 0RGHOR³4XHLMR6XtoR´GH&DXVDVGRV(UURV+XPDQRV

)RQWH'LVSRQtYHOHP<http://ZZZVFLHOREUVFLHORSKS"SLG 6 VFULSW VFLBDUWWH[W>.


ACOMPANHENAWEB
“O papel da Comissão Interna de Biossegurança: a experiência do Instituto
Oswaldo Cruz”

‡ /HLDRDUWLJR³2SDSHOGD&RPLVVmR,QWHUQDGH%LRVVHJXUDQoDDH[SHULrQFLDGR,QVWLWXWR2VZDOGR
&UX]´GH0DULD(YHOLQHGH&DVWUR3HUHLUDH&tQWLD0RUDHV%RUED(VWHDUWLJRDPSOLDUi
seus conhecimentos em relação à importância da atuação do comitê interno de biossegurança,
EHPFRPRjFRUUHODomRGHVXDVDo}HVFRPEDVHQD&71%LRHRVEHQHItFLRVSDUDDJHVWmRGD
instituição.
'LVSRQtYHOHP<KWWSZZZUHFLLVLFLFWILRFUX]EULQGH[SKSUHFLLVDUWLFOHYLHZ>$FHVVRHPMXQ

“As ações de biossegurança implementadas pelas comissões de controle de


infecção hospitalar”

‡ /HLD R DUWLJR ³$V Do}HV GH ELRVVHJXUDQoD LPSOHPHQWDGDV SHODV FRPLVV}HV GH FRQWUROH GH
LQIHFomRKRVSLWDODU´GH.DWLD/LEHUDWR6DOHV6FKHLGW/HGD5HJLQD6RDUHV5RVDH(OLDQHGH)iWLPD
$OPHLGD/LPD(VWHDUWLJRDPSOLDUiVHXVFRQKHFLPHQWRVTXDQWRDRVULVFRVRFXSDFLRQDLV
relacionados à contaminação por materiais biológicos, formas de contágio e prevenção por meio
GRXVRGH(3,V
'LVSRQtYHOHP<http://ZZZIDFHQIXHUMEUYQYQDSGI>$FHVVRHPMXQ

ACOMPANHENAWEB
³$VSHFWRVGHELRVVHJXUDQoDUHODFLRQDGRVDRXVRGRMDOHFRSHORVSUR¿VVLRQ-
ais de saúde: uma revisão da literatura”

‡ /HLDRDUWLJR³$VSHFWRVGHELRVVHJXUDQoDUHODFLRQDGRVDRXVRGRMDOHFRSHORVSUR¿VVLRQDLVGH
VD~GHXPDUHYLVmRGDOLWHUDWXUD´GH&DUPHP0LOHQD5RGULJXHV6LTXHLUD&DUYDOKR0DULD=poLD
GH$UD~MR0DGHLUD)DEULFLR,ELDSLQD7DSHW\HWDO(VWHDUWLJRDPSOLDUiVHXVFRQKHFLPHQWRV
TXDQWRjQHFHVVLGDGHGRXVRFRQVFLHQWHGRV(3,VDVVLPFRPRVREUHDLPSRUWkQFLDGDVDo}HV
com foco educativo.
'LVSRQtYHOHP<http://ZZZVFLHOREUSGIWFHYQSGI>$FHVVRHPMXQ

Assista ao vídeo Segurança no laboratório

‡ A animação mostra de forma simples e objetiva os principais riscos encontrados dentro


SURFHVVRGHODERUDWyULRFRPRPHLRGHFRQVFLHQWL]DURVSUR¿VVLRQDLVTXDQWRDRJHUHQFLDPHQWR
de seus riscos internos.
'LVSRQtYHOHP<http://ZZZ\RXWXEHFRPZDWFK"Y S8=4:,S9E>$FHVVRHPMXQ

7HPSR


AGORAÉASUAVEZ
Instruções:
$JRUDFKHJRXDVXDYH]GHH[HUFLWDUVHXDSUHQGL]DGR$VHJXLUYRFrHQFRQWUDUiDOJXPDVTXHVW}HVGHP~OWLSOD
HVFROKDHGLVVHUWDWLYDV/HLDFXLGDGRVDPHQWHRVHQXQFLDGRVHDWHQWHVHSDUDRTXHHVWiVHQGRSHGLGR
Questão 1

&RPEDVHQRFRQWH[WRKLVWyULFRGDELRVVHJXUDQoDGHVHQYROYDXPFRPSDUDWLYRHQWUHRSDVVDGRHRSUHVHQWHGHVWDiUHD

Questão 2

$VHJXUDQoDHVWiUHODFLRQDGDDXPDGDVGLPHQV}HVEiVLFDVSDUDDJHVWmRGDTXDOLGDGHQRVVHUYLoRVGHVD~GH$WUHODGDDHVWH
SDQRUDPDHQFRQWUDVHDELRVVHJXUDQoD(PUHODomRjELRVVHJXUDQoDpFRUUHWRD¿UPDUTXH

a) 'HYHVHUDSඇLFDGDVRPHQWHDRVVHUYLoRVඇDERUDWRULDLVGHYLGRjFULWLFLGDGHGRSURFHVVRSHඇDH[SRVLomRGHDJHQWHVELRඇyJLFRV
jLQWHJULGDGHGRFRඇDERUDGRU

b) (VWi UHඇDFLRQDGD j JHVWmR GRV ULVFRV ELRඇyJLFRV TXtPLFRV ItVLFRV HUJRQ{PLFRV H PHFkQLFRV SRU PHLR GDV EDUUHLUDV GH
FRQWHQomRUHඇDFLRQDGDVDRXVRGH(3ආV

c) (VWi UHඇDFLRQDGD LQWLPDPHQWH j DSඇLFDomR GH FRQKHFLPHQWRV WpFQLFRV H FLHQWt¿FRV HP SURඇ GD PLQLPL]DomR GRV ULVFRV
UHඇDFLRQDGRVjVDWLYLGDGHVRFXSDFLRQDLVHDPELHQWDLVFRPRPHLRGHDVVHJXUDUREHPHVWDUGRVHUKXPDQRGRPHLRDPELHQWH
e dos animais.



AGORAÉASUAVEZ
Questão 3
$WD[RQRPLDGHULVFRVSRVVXLIXQGDPHQWDOLPSRUWkQFLDHPUHODomRjSDGURQL]DomRGHWHUPRVXWLOL]DGRVQDJHVWmRGDVLQVWLWXLo}HV
5HVVDOWDVHDLPSRUWkQFLDGRPDSHDPHQWRGRVULVFRVLQWHUQRVGHFDGDSURFHVVRVHMDPHOHVODERUDWyULRGHDQiOLVHVFOtQLFDV
GLDJQyVWLFRSRULPDJHPHQWUHRXWURV$LQGDQHVWHSDQRUDPDFODVVL¿TXHFRP 3 DDOWHUQDWLYDFRUUHVSRQGHQWHDXPSHULJR 5 
ULVFRH ( HYHQWR

a)  5HVXඇWDGRGHLQ~PHUDVLQWHUDo}HVHIDWRUHVFDXVDLV

b)  ආQFHUWH]DDVVRFLDGDDXPSHULJRFRPDSRVVLELඇLGDGHGHDFRQWHFHUGHYHQGRVHUTXDQWL¿FDGRSHඇDSUREDELඇLGDGHHLPSDFWR
TXHDRFRUUrQFLDSRGHFDXVDUSRUH[HPSඇRUHFRඇHWDGHH[DPHVඇDERUDWRULDLVSRUIDඇWDGHFDSDFLWDomRSUR¿VVLRQDඇVXVSHQVmR
GHFLUXUJLDSRUIDඇWDGHRULHQWDomRSUR¿VVLRQDඇDRSDFLHQWHLQIHFomRKRVSLWDඇDUDVVRFLDGDjIDඇKDQDKLJLHQL]DomRHQWUHRXWURV

c)    &DUDFWHUtVWLFD DVVRFLDGD D XPD DWLYLGDGH TXH UHSUHVHQWD XP SRWHQFLDඇ GH FDXVDU GDQR DR SDFLHQWH SRU H[HPSඇR
URWDWLYLGDGHGHFRඇDERUDGRUHVQRVSURFHVVRVFDSDFLWDomRSUR¿VVLRQDඇUHJLVWURVHPSURQWXiULRHQWUHRXWURV

Questão 4

$ELRVVHJXUDQoDHVWiUHODFLRQDGDDXPDFLrQFLDHPSUROGDJHVWmRGHVHJXUDQoDHPLQLPL]DomRGHHYHQWRV3DUDWDQWRHOD
VySRVVXLHIHWLYLGDGHTXDQGRDGHULGDHDSOLFDGDjSROtWLFDGHVHJXUDQoDGDVLQVWLWXLo}HV1HVWHHQIRTXHKiDQHFHVVLGDGHGD
JHVWmRFRQMXJDGDDVVLPFRPRGRHQYROYLPHQWRGDHTXLSHPXOWLSUR¿VVLRQDO3HUDQWHDWHPiWLFDDERUGDGDID]VHLQGLVSHQViY-
HORXVRGH(3,VQDVLQVWLWXLo}HVGHVD~GHDVVLPFRPRQDVGHPDLVHPSUHVDV$TXDOUHJXODPHQWDomRHVWiDWUHODGRRXVRGH
(3,V"

a) 15

b) 3RUWDULDQGHGHMXඇKRGH

c) 3RUWDULDQ15GR0LQLVWpULRGR7UDEDඇKRGH

d) 5'&


AGORAÉASUAVEZ
Questão 5

6DEHVHTXHRXVRGH(3,VVHID]QHFHVViULRQDVLQVWLWXLo}HVHTXHVHXXVRGHYHVHUUDFLRQDOHFRQVFLHQWHHYLWDQGRGHVSHUGt-
FLRV$UHVSRQVDELOLGDGHGHVHXXVRHVWiDWUHODGDjUHVSRQVDELOLGDGHFRQMXJDGDWDQWRGRVFRODERUDGRUHVTXDQWRGHVHXVJHVWR-
UHV0HGLDQWHHVWDD¿UPDWLYDDVVLQDOHDDOWHUQDWLYDFRUUHWDUHODFLRQDGDDRV(3,V

a) $YHQWDඇ SURWHWRU IDFLDඇ PiVFDUD yFXඇRV ඇXYDV SURWHWRUHV DXULFXඇDUHV H VRඇXo}HV RIWDඇPRඇyJLFDV VmR GH¿QLGRV FRPR
(TXLSDPHQWRVGH3URWHomRආQGLYLGXDඇ

b) $YHQWDඇEUDQFRSURWHWRUIDFLDඇPiVFDUDyFXඇRVHඇXYDVVmRGH¿QLGRVFRPR(TXLSDPHQWRVGH3URWHomRආQGLYLGXDඇ

c) $YHQWDඇ SURWHWRU IDFLDඇ PiVFDUD yFXඇRV ඇXYDV H SURWHWRUHV DXULFXඇDUHV VmR GH¿QLGRV FRPR (TXLSDPHQWRV GH 3URWHomR
ආQGLYLGXDඇ

Questão 6

$JHVWmRGHULVFRVLQWHUQRVGHYHHVWDUDWUHODGDDRPDSDHVWUDWpJLFRGDLQVWLWXLomRSDUWLQGRGRSUHVVXSRVWRGHTXHDLQVWLWXLomR
GHYHDVVHJXUDUDVHJXUDQoDGHVHXVFRODERUDGRUHVFOLHQWHVHGHVXDLPDJHP0HGLDQWHRDOLQKDPHQWRGDVLQIRUPDo}HVHRWUD-
EDOKRGHVHQYROYLGRMXQWRjVGHPDLViUHDVTXDODLPSRUWkQFLDGHXP&RPLWrGH%LRVVHJXUDQoDQDLQVWLWXLomRDVVLPFRPRTXDLV
VmRVXDVDWULEXLo}HVHYDORUHVDJUHJDGRVDRVHUYLoR"

Questão 7

0XLWRVVmRRVHVWXGRVTXHHYLGHQFLDPRVUHVXOWDGRVGDQRVRVjLQWHJULGDGHGRVFRODERUDGRUHVDSyVDH[HFXomRGHDWRVQmRVH-
JXURV4XDLVVmRRVIDWRUHVDWULEXtGRVjRFRUUrQFLDGHHYHQWRVRFXSDFLRQDLV"&LWHSHORPHQRVFLQFRIDWRUHVHMXVWL¿TXHRV

Questão 8

4XDODUHODomRGDWHRULDGRTXHLMRVXtoRFRPDJHVWmRGHULVFRLQWHUQD"



AGORAÉASUAVEZ
Questão 9

$o}HVHGXFDWLYDVHVWmRDWUHODGDVDXPDGDVIRUPDVGHHQYROYLPHQWRGRVSUR¿VVLRQDLVTXDQWRjFRQVFLHQWL]DomRGRVULVFRVHPH-
GLGDVSUHYHQWLYDVGHHYHQWRV1RHQWDQWRHODVSRGHPVHUFRQVLGHUDGDVPHGLGDVHIHWLYDVGHSUHYHQomRGHHYHQWRV"-XVWL¿TXH

Questão 10

4XDODFRQWULEXLomRGD&71%LRSDUDRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGDVDo}HVH[HFXWDGDVSHOR&RPLWrGH%LRVVHJXUDQoD"

FINALIZANDO
1HVWH WHPD YRFr DSUHQGHX VREUH R FRQFHLWR H R FRQWH[WR KLVWyULFR GD ELRVVHJXUDQoD DVVLP FRPR VREUH D
QHFHVVLGDGH GH DSOLFDomR GH Do}HV SUHYHQWLYDV QR FRQWUROH H PLQLPL]DomR GH ULVFRV j LQWHJULGDGH GR FRODERUDGRU
$SUHQGHX WDPEpP VREUH DV Do}HV H D LPSRUWkQFLD GR &RPLWr ,QWHUQR GH %LRVVHJXUDQoD HP SURO GD GLVVHPLQDomR
FRQWtQXDHHIHWLYDGRJHUHQFLDPHQWRGRVULVFRVDVVHJXUDQGRRVSLODUHVGHVHJXUDQoDLQVWLWXFLRQDOFRODERUDGRUFOLHQWHV
e imagem da instituição.

REFERÊNCIAS
BINSFELD, P. C. (Org.) Biossegurança em Biotecnologia. Rio de Janeiro: Interciência, 2004.

BRASIL. Lei n. 6.514, de 22 de dezembro de 1997. Seção IV, art. 166. &K¶TKQ1ſEKCNFC7PKºQ, Brasília, 1997.
BRASIL. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. 2QNÈVKEC0CEKQPCNFGDKQFKXGTUKFCFG. Brasília: MMA, 2000. 48 p.


REFERÊNCIAS
BRASIL. Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego. 'SWKRCOGPVQFGRTQVGÁºQKPFKXKFWCN. Norma regulamentadora n.6 (N-6, 2011) da
Portaria n. 3.214, de 8 de junho 1978. Disponível em: <http://www.mtps.gov.br/images/Documentos/SST/NR/NR6.pdf>. Acesso
em: jun. 2014.

CAVALCANTE, N. J. F; MONTEIRO, A. L. C; BARBIERI, D. D. #VWCNKFCFGU GO &56#+&5. 2. ed. 2003. Disponível em:
<http://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicações/08bioseguranca.pdf>. Acesso em: jun. 2014.

CORREA, C. R. P; JUNIOR, M. M. C. Análise e classificação dos fatores humanos nos acidentes industriais. 2TQFWÁºQ, v. 17, n.
1, p. 186-198, jan./abr. 2007. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/pdf/prod/v17n1/12.pdf>. Acesso em: jun. 2014.

ISHAK, R; LINHARES, A. C; ISHAK, M. O. G. Biossegurança no laboratório. 4GX+PUV/GF6TQR., São Paulo, v. 31, n. 2, p. 126-
131, 1989. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rimtsp/v31n2/11.pdf>. Acesso em: jun. 2014.

REASON, J. Human error: models and management$/,, 320, 2000.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. .CDQTCVQT[$KQUCHGV[/CPWCN. In: BINSFELD, P. C. (Org.) Biossegurança em Biotecnologia. Rio
de Janeiro: Interciência, 2004. Disponível em: <http://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/biosafety/en/Biosafety7.pdf>. Acesso
em: jun. 2014.

GLOSSÁRIO
Adensamento urbano: RFXSDomRLQWHQVDHPXLWDVYH]HVGHVRUGHQDGDGRVROR

Biossegurança: FRQMXQWR GH Do}HV YROWDGDV SDUD D SUHVHUYDomR PLQLPL]DomR RX HOLPLQDomR GH ULVFRV LQHUHQWHV jV
DWLYLGDGHV GH SHVTXLVD SURGXomR HQVLQR GHVHQYROYLPHQWR WHFQROyJLFR H SUHVWDomR GH VHUYLoRV ULVFRV TXH SRGHP
FRPSURPHWHUDVD~GHGRKRPHPGRVDQLPDLVGRPHLRDPELHQWHRXDTXDOLGDGHGRVWUDEDOKRVGHVHQYROYLGRV

Efetividade:JUDXHPTXHDVPHOKRULDVSRVVtYHLVQDVD~GHVmRDOFDQoDGDVSRUPHLRGHHVWUDWpJLDVGHVHQYROYLGDVGH
IRUPDPDLVH¿FD]

Segurança:HVWDGRQRTXDORULVFRGHGDQRVSHVVRDLVHVWiOLPLWDGRDXPQtYHODFHLWiYHO

Susceptibilidade: DOJRRXDOJXpPTXH¿FDYXOQHUiYHOH[SRVWRDDOJXPDFRLVDRXjDomRGHGHWHUPLQDGRIDWRU



GABARITO
Questão 1

Resposta:3URPRYHURUDFLRFtQLRFUtWLFRGRDOXQRHPUHODomRjFRPSUHHQVmRVREUHRFRQWH[WRKLVWyULFRGDELRVVHJXUDQoD
HQIDWL]DQGRTXHQRSDVVDGRHQRSUHVHQWHPXLWDVIRUDPDVPXGDQoDVHRVJDQKRVQDJHVWmRGDVLQVWLWXLo}HVSRUPHLRGDV
DQiOLVHVGRVULVFRV1RHQWDQWRLGHQWL¿FDURVPDLRUHVIDWRUHVUHODFLRQDGRVjRFRUUrQFLDGRVHYHQWRVFRPRGL¿FXOGDGH
GH LPSODQWDomR GD SROtWLFD GH ULVFR GHVFDVR GRV SUR¿VVLRQDLV TXDQWR DR XVR GH (3,V Gp¿FLW QR JHUHQFLDPHQWR GRV
HYHQWRVSRUPHLRGHDo}HVHGXFDWLYDVHQWUHRXWURVDVSHFWRVGLVFXWLGRV

Questão 2

Resposta: Alternativa B.

Questão 3

Resposta:

D  ( HYHQWR

E  5 ULVFR

F  3 SHULJR

Questão 4

Resposta: Alternativa C.

Questão 5

Resposta: Alternativa C.


Questão 6

Resposta: $&RPLVVmR,QWHUQDGH%LRVVHJXUDQoDID]VHQHFHVViULDFRQVLGHUDQGRVXDLPSRUWkQFLDHPDVVHJXUDURV
SLODUHVGHSUHYHQomRTXDQWRDULVFRVHDJUDYRVGHVD~GHGRVFRODERUDGRUHV(ODGHVHPSHQKDDWLYLGDGHVGHHQVLQR
SHVTXLVDGHVHQYROYLPHQWRWHFQROyJLFRSURGXomRHSUHVWDomRGHVHUYLoRVIXQGDPHQWDLVSDUDDREWHQomRGRVUHTXLVLWRV
GHVHJXUDQoDTXDOLGDGHHpWLFD

Questão 7

Resposta: Política de segurança não disseminada na totalidadeDo}HVQmRVmRJHUDGDVGHVGHDDOWDDGPLQLVWUDomR


DWpDViUHDVRSHUDFLRQDLVKDYHQGRGHVFDVRQRPRPHQWRGDH[HFXomRGHWDUHIDVSRUIDOWDGH³FREUDQoDV´Insegurança
SUR¿VVLRQDOPHGRGRVFRODERUDGRUHVTXDQWRjDSOLFDomRGHDo}HVSXQLWLYDVDSyVDRFRUUrQFLDGRVHYHQWRVFalta de
mapeamento de risco por processoQmRKiLGHQWL¿FDomRGRVULVFRVDWULEXtGRVDRDPELHQWHRXDWLYLGDGHVDVHUHP
GHVHQYROYLGDVSHORVFRODERUDGRUHVFatores ambientaisUXtGRVP~OWLSODVWDUHIDVDVHUHPH[HFXWDGDVSRUXP~QLFR
SUR¿VVLRQDOVWUHVVHQWUHRXWURVIDWRUHVTXHSUHGLVS}HPRLQGLYtGXRDRHUURFalha no cumprimento das legislações:
TXDQWRjREULJDWRULHGDGHGRXVRGH(3,V.

Questão 8

Resposta: $WHRULDGRTXHLMRVXtoRHVWiDWUHODGDDRFRQMXQWRGHDo}HVGHFRQWHQomRSDUDDRFRUUrQFLDGHHYHQWRV
SRVVXLQGRUHODomRGLUHWDFRPDJHVWmRGHULVFRHFRPDELRVVHJXUDQoDMiTXHHVWiGLUHWDPHQWHOLJDGDjPLQLPL]DomRGRV
HYHQWRVDQWHVPHVPRGHVXDRFRUUrQFLDSRUPHLRGRPDSHDPHQWRGRVULVFRVSRUSURFHVVRRXDWLYLGDGHVSUR¿VVLRQDLV
atreladas ao potencial de causar dano.

Questão 9

Resposta: 1mR GHYHP HVWDU DWUHODGDV D XP FRQMXQWR GH Do}HV GHVHQYROYLGDV SHOD LQVWLWXLomR HP FRQMXQWR FRP R
FRPLWrGHVHJXUDQoDLQWHUQR&DEHUHVVDOWDUTXHRHUURHVWiDWUHODGRDRIDWRUKXPDQRHPPXLWRVGRVFDVRVHVRPHQWH
DFDSDFLWDomRSUR¿VVLRQDOLVRODGDQmRJDUDQWHDSUHYHQomRGRVHYHQWRVQDWRWDOLGDGH

Questão 10

Resposta: $&71%LRVXUJLXFRPDQHFHVVLGDGHGHSURSRUHVWUDWpJLDVUHJXODPHQWDGRUDVGHWUDWDPHQWRGRVHYHQWRV
DVVLPFRPRDDQiOLVHQRWL¿FDomRHGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGHDo}HV