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# 501

Algebra Questions

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501

Algebra Questions

®

NEW YORK Team-LRN

Copyright © 2002 LearningExpress, LLC. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Recco, William. 501 algebra questions / William Recco.—1st ed. p. cm. ISBN 1-57685-424-8 (pbk.) 1. Algebra. I. Title: Five hundred one algebra questions. II. Title: Five hundred and one algebra questions. III. Title. QA152.2 .R42 2002 512—dc21 2002004440 Printed in the United States of America 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 First Edition ISBN 1-57685-424-8 For more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at: 55 Broadway 8th Floor New York, NY 10006 Or visit us at: www.learnatest.com

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The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team is comprised of experts in test preparation, as well as educators and teachers who specialize in language arts and math. LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team Brigit Dermott Freelance Writer English Tutor, New York Cares New York, New York Sandy Gade Project Editor LearningExpress New York, New York Kerry McLean Project Editor Math Tutor Shirley, New York William Recco Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 New York Shoreham/Wading River School District Math Tutor St. James, New York Colleen Schultz Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 Vestal Central School District Math Tutor Vestal, New York

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Contents Introduction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Working with Integers Working with Algebraic Expressions Combining Like Terms Solving Basic Equations Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides Using Formulas to Solve Equations Graphing Linear Equations Solving Inequalities ix 1 12 24 41 49 58 72 81 110 119 142 172 186 194 10 Graphing Inequalities 11 Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities 12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically 13 Working with Exponents 14 Multiplying Polynomials Team-LRN .

Contents 15 Factoring Polynomials 16 Using Factoring 17 Solving Quadratic Equations 18 Simplifying Radicals 19 Solving Radical Equations 20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula 206 215 229 242 250 261 viii Team-LRN .

Introduction This book is designed to provide you with review and practice for algebra success! It is not intended to teach common algebra topics. If at some point you feel you need further explanation about some of the algebra topics highlighted in this book. it can be used by teachers and tutors who need to reinforce student skills. and word problems. The book is organized into twenty chapters with a variety of arithmetic. as each succeeding chapter builds on skills taught in previous chap- Team-LRN . Instead. How To Use This Book First. it provides 501 problems so you can ﬂex your muscles and practice a variety of mathematical and algebraic skills. algebra. 501 Algebra Questions is designed for many audiences. It can be used to supplement current instruction in a math class. It’s for anyone who has ever taken a course in algebra and needs to refresh and revive forgotten skills. The structure follows a common sequence of concepts introduced in basic algebra courses. look at the table of contents to see the types of algebra topics covered in this book. you can ﬁnd them in the LearningExpress publication Algebra Success in 20 Minutes a Day. Or. You may want to follow the sequence.

you are given one model problem and then asked to do many problems following that model. If you truly want to be successful. you may want to jump around from topic to topic. If you ﬁnd yourself getting stuck solving a problem. Chapters are arranged using the same method. you have laid the foundation for future challenges and success. there are helpful tips on how to practice the problems in each chapter. you are presented with a variety of problems that generally range from easier to more difﬁcult problems and their answer explanations. If you are unfamiliar with prime numbers. It’s always a good idea to use it to check your calculations. you become skillful with practice. or if you are using this book to supplement topics you are currently learning. Second. the multiplication chart on the next page may help you. it is important to be as organized and sequential in your written steps as possible. Last. It’s not the answer that matters most—it’s the process and the reasoning skills that you want to master. do the problems over. If you have difﬁculty factoring numbers.501 Algebra Questions ters. In many books. Work for understanding. But if your skills are just rusty. you can look at the answer explanation and use it to help you understand the problem-solving process. Like an athlete preparing for the next season or a musician warming up for a concert. use the list on the next page so you won’t waste time trying to factor numbers that can’t be factored. Each chapter has an introduction describing the mathematical concepts covered in the chapter. As you are solving problems. every problem has a complete step-by-step explanation for the solutions. The purpose of drills and practice is to make you proﬁcient at solving problems. So sharpen your pencil and practice! x Team-LRN . You can do it! When you achieve algebra success. Why you do a math operation is as important as how you do it. You will probably want to have a calculator handy as you work through some of the sections. If after completing all the problems in a section you feel that you need more practice. Make the commitment to improve your algebra skills. Make a Commitment Success does not come without effort. In this book. make a commitment to spend the time you need to do a good job. And don’t forget to keep lots of scrap paper on hand.

501 Algebra Questions × 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 Multiplication Table 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 15 18 21 24 27 20 24 28 32 36 25 30 35 40 45 30 36 42 48 54 35 42 49 56 63 40 48 56 64 72 45 54 63 72 81 50 60 70 80 90 55 66 77 88 99 60 72 84 96 108 Prime 13 53 101 151 199 263 317 383 443 503 577 641 701 769 839 911 983 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 132 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144 2 31 73 127 179 233 283 353 419 467 547 607 661 739 811 877 947 3 37 79 131 181 239 293 359 421 479 557 613 673 743 821 881 953 5 41 83 137 191 241 307 367 431 487 563 617 677 751 823 883 967 Commonly Used 7 11 43 47 89 97 139 149 193 197 251 257 311 313 373 379 433 439 491 499 569 571 619 631 683 691 757 761 827 829 887 907 971 977 Numbers 17 19 59 61 103 107 157 163 211 223 269 271 331 337 389 397 449 457 509 521 587 593 643 647 709 719 773 787 853 857 919 929 991 997 23 67 109 167 227 277 347 401 461 523 599 653 727 797 859 937 1009 29 71 113 173 229 281 349 409 463 541 601 659 733 809 863 941 1013 xi Team-LRN .

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501 Algebra Questions Team-LRN .

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**Working With Integers
**

For some people, it is helpful to try to simplify expressions containing signed numbers as much as possible. When you ﬁnd signed numbers with addition and subtraction operations, you can simplify the task by changing all subtraction to addition. Subtracting a number is the same as adding its opposite. For example, subtracting a three is the same as adding a negative three. Or subtracting a negative fourteen is the same as adding a positive fourteen. As you go through the step-by-step answer explanations, you will begin to see how this process of using only addition can help simplify your understanding of operations with signed numbers. As you begin to gain conﬁdence, you may be able to eliminate some of the steps by doing them in you head and not having to write them down. After all, that’s the point of practice! You work at the problems until the process becomes automatic. Then you own that process and you are ready to use it in other situations. The Tips for Working with Integers section below gives you some simple rules to follow as you solve problems with integers. Refer to them each time you do a problem until you don’t need to look at them. That’s when you can consider them yours. You will also want to review the rules for Order of Operations with numerical expressions. You can use a memory device called a mnemonic to help you remember a set of instructions. Try remembering the word PEMDAS. This nonsense word helps you remember to:

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501 Algebra Questions

P do operations inside Parentheses E evaluate terms with Exponents M D do Multiplication and Division in order from left to right A S Add and Subtract terms in order from left to right

**Tips for Working with Integers
**

Addition Signed numbers the same? Find the SUM and use the same sign. Signed numbers different? Find the DIFFERENCE and use the sign of the larger number. (The larger number is the one whose value without a positive or negative sign is greatest.) Addition is commutative. That is, you can add numbers in any order and the result is the same. As an example, 3 + 5 = 5 + 3, or −2 + −1 = −1 + −2. Subtraction Change the operation sign to addition, change the sign of the number following the operation, then follow the rules for addition. Multiplication/Division Signs the same? Multiply or divide and give the result a positive sign. Signs different? Multiply or divide and give the result a negative sign. Multiplication is commutative. You can multiply terms in any order and the result will be the same. For example: (2 • 5 • 7) = (2 • 7 • 5) = (5 • 2 • 7) = (5 • 7 • 2) and so on. Evaluate the following expressions.

1. 27 + −5 2. 3.

−18 −11

+ −20 − 16 − −8

4. 33 + −16 5. 8 + −4 − 12 6. 38 ÷ −2 + 9 7. 8.

−25 −6

· −3 + 15 · −5

· −3 · −2

9. 24 · −8 + 2 10. 2 · −3 · −7 11.

−15

+ 5 + −11

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**501 Algebra Questions 12. (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) 13. 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 14.
**

−(5

· 3) + (12 ÷ −4)

15. (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) 16. 23 + (64 ÷ −16) 17. 23 − (−4)2 18. (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 19. 24 + (9 + −6)3 20. (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) 21. A scuba diver descends 80 feet, rises 25 feet, descends 12 feet, and then

rises 52 feet where he will do a safety stop for ﬁve minutes before surfacing. At what depth did he do his safety stop?

22. A digital thermometer records the daily high and low temperatures. The

high for the day was +3° C. The low was −10° C. What was the difference between the day’s high and low temperatures? During the month, checks were written in the amounts of $25, $82, $213, and $97. Deposits were made into the account in the amounts of $84 and $116. What was the balance at the end of the month?

23. A checkbook balance sheet shows an initial balance for the month of $300.

24. A gambler begins playing a slot machine with $10 in quarters in her coin

bucket. She plays 15 quarters before winning a jackpot of 50 quarters. She then plays 20 more quarters in the same machine before walking away. How many quarters does she now have in her coin bucket?

25. A glider is towed to an altitude of 2,000 feet above the ground before

being released by the tow plane. The glider loses 450 feet of altitude before ﬁnding an updraft that lifts it 1,750 feet. What is the glider’s altitude now?

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501 Algebra Questions

Answers

Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses, the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ), it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used, ( ), { }, or [ ], perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result.

1. The signs of the terms are different, so ﬁnd the difference

of the values. The sign of the larger term is positive, so the sign of the result is positive.

2. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

−18

[27 − 5 = 22] 27 + −5 = +22

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Since all the signs are negative, add the absolute value of the numbers. Since the signs were negative, the result is negative. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows:

3. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

+ −20 + (−16)

[18 + 20 + 16 = 54]

−18 −18

**+ −20 + −16 = −54 + −20 − 16 = −54
**

−11

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Subtract the absolute value of the numbers. Give the result the sign of the larger term. The simpliﬁed expression is as follows:

4. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.

+ +8

[11 − 8 = 3] + +8 = −3 −11 − −8 = −3

−11

Give the result the sign of the larger term.

[33 − 16 = 17] 33 + −16 = +17

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Give the result the sign of the larger term. Now substitute the result into the original expression. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. ﬁrst group like terms and add. Now substitute the results into the original expression. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. With three terms. Because all the operators are multiplication. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 7. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs different? Divide and give the 8 + −4 + −12 8 + (−4 + −12) [(−4 + −12) = −16] 8 + (−16) [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + (−16) = −8 8 + −4 − 12 = −8 [(38 ÷ −2) = −19] (−19) + 9 [19 − 9 = 10] (−19) + 9 = −10 38 ÷ −2 + 9 = −10 result the negative sign. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 6. Let’s group the ﬁrst two terms. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (−6 · −3) · −2 [6 · 3 = +18] (+18) · −2 (+18) · −2 = −36 −6 · −3 · −2 = −36 5 Team-LRN . First perform the multiplications. you [−25 · −3 = +75] [15 · −5 = −75] (+75) + (−75) [75 − 75 = 0] −25 · −3 + 15 · −5 = 0 could group any two terms and the result would be the same. First divide. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 8. Substitute the result into the expression. Substitute the result into the ﬁrst expression.501 Algebra Questions 5.

you could group any two terms and the result would be the same. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Group the terms being multiplied and evaluate. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Or you could just work from left to right. Because all the operators are multiplication. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 11. First evaluate the expressions within the (−15 + 5) + −11 [15 − 5 = 10] [(−15 + 5) = −10] (−10) + −11 [10 + 11 = 21] (−10) + −11 = −21 −15 + 5 + −11 = −21 parentheses. Substitute. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Because all the operators are addition. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 12. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Let’s group the last two terms. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: [49 ÷ 7 = 7] [48 ÷ −4 = −12] (7) − (−12) 7 + +12 7 + +12 = +19 (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) = +19 6 Team-LRN . (24 · −8) + 2 [24 · −8 = −192] (−192) + 2 [192 − 2 = 190] (−192) + 2 = −190 24 · −8 + 2 = −190 Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 10. Substitute. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign.501 Algebra Questions 9. you could 2 · (−3 · −7) [(−3 · −7) = +21] 2 · (+21) 2 · (+21) = +42 2 · −3 · −7 = +42 group any two terms and the result would be the same. Substitute into the original expression. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Substitute.

The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 14. Substitute. Now perform additions from left to right. First evaluate the expressions within the 5 + −11 + −3 + 8 (5 + −11) + −3 + 8 [11 − 5 = 6] [5 + −11 = −6] (−6) + −3 + 8 (−6 + −3) + 8 [−6 + −3 = −9] (−9) + 8 [9 − 8 = 1] (−9) + 8 = −1 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 = −1 [5 · 3 = 15] [12 ÷ −4 = −3] −(15) parentheses. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Add from left to right. Substitute. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: + (−3) [15 + 3 = 18] −(15) + (−3) = −18 −(5 · 3) + (12 ÷ −4) = −18 7 Team-LRN . Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it.501 Algebra Questions 13. Substitute the values into the original expression.

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values of terms with exponents into the original expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 16. Signs different? Multiply the term values and give the result a negative sign. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 17. [(−18 ÷ 2)] [18 ÷ 2 = 9] [(−18 ÷ 2 = −9)] (6 · −3) [6 · 3 = 18] (6 · −3) = −18 (−9) − (−18) (−9) + (+18) [18 − 9 = 9] (−9) + (+18) = +9 (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) = +9 (64 ÷ −16) [64 ÷ 16 = 4] (64 ÷ −16 = −4) 23 + (−4) [23 − 4 = 19] 23 + (−4) = +19 23 + (64 ÷ −16) = +19 [23 = 2 · 2 · 2 = 8] [(−4)2 = (−4) · (−4)] [4 · 4 = 16] [(−4)2 = +16] 23 − (−4)2 = (8) − (+16) 8 + −16 [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + −16 = −8 Substitute the values into the original expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the value into the original expression. The order of operations tells us to evaluate the terms with exponents ﬁrst.501 Algebra Questions 15. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. First evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. Evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. 8 Team-LRN .

Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 18. Substitute the values into the expression. First evaluate the expressions within the 23 − (−4)2 = −8 [3 − 5] [3 + (−5)] [5 − 3 = 2] [3 − 5 = −2] [18 ÷ 6 = 3] (−2)3 + (3)2 [(−2)3 = −2 · −2 · −2] [(−2 · −2) · −2 = (+4) · −2] [(+4) · −2 = −8] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] (−2)3 + (3)2 = −8 + 9 9 − 8 = +1 (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 = +1 [9 + −6] [9 − 6 = 3] [9 + −6 = +3] 24 + (+3)3 [(+3)3 = 33 = 27] 24 + (27) = 51 24 + (9 + −6)3 = 51 [32 + 6 = (9) + 6 = 15] [−24 ÷ 8 = −3] (15) ÷ (−3) [15 ÷ 3 = 5] (15) ÷ (−3) = −5 (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) = −5 parentheses. Signs different? Multiply the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the value into the expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. First evaluate the expressions within the 19. Evaluate the term with the exponent. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 20. Substitute the values of the expressions in parentheses into the original expression. Evaluate the terms with exponents. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. First evaluate the expression within the parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 9 Team-LRN . parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the value into the expression.

represented by negative signed numbers. then you must think of going below sea level as a negative number. you can associate like signed numbers. The diver took his rest stop at 22. 23. (−92) + (+77) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Or you could ﬁnd the difference between +3° and −10°. [−80 + −12 = −92] [+25 + +52 = +77] Substitute the values into the numerical expression. An expression to represent the activity during the month would be as follows: 300 + −25 + −82 + −213 + −97 + +84 + +116 Because addition is commutative. Give all the descending distances a negative sign and the ascending distances a positive sign. 10 Team-LRN . That would be represented by the following +3° − −10° = +3° + +10° = +13° equation. (−80 + −12) + (+25 + +52) Evaluate the numerical expression in each parentheses. (300 + +84 + +116) + (−25 + −82 + −213 + −97) Evaluate the numbers within each parentheses. you can associate like-signed numbers. If you think of distance above sea level as a positive number. So the difference is the total of 3° + 10° = 13°. (+500) + (−417) = +83 The balance at the end of the month would be $83. You could simply ﬁgure that +3°C is 3° above zero and −10°C is 10° below. You can consider that balances and deposits are positive signed numbers while checks are deductions. The resulting numerical expression would be −80 + +25 + −12 + +52 as follows: Because addition is commutative. [92 − 77 = 15] −15 feet. [300 + +84 + +116 = +500] [(−25 + −82 + −213 + −97 = −417] Substitute the values into the revised expression. Going up is in the positive direction.501 Algebra Questions 21. while going down is in the negative direction.

40 + −15 + 50 + −20 Because addition is commutative.501 Algebra Questions 24. You can write an expression that represents the quarters in the bucket and the quarters added and subtracted. (90) + (−35) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. You can assume ground level is the zero point. An expression that represents the problem +2.750 is as follows: Because addition is commutative.750] Substitute into the revised equation. [3.750) + −450 = +3.750 − 450 = 3.300] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (+3. Four quarters per dollar gives you 4 · 10 = 40 quarters. (+3. ascending is a positive number while descending is a neg- ative number. [40 + 50 = 90] [−15 + − 20 = −35] Substitute into the revised expression. You ﬁrst ﬁgure out how many quarters she starts with. As in problem 21.750 = +3. you can associate like-signed numbers.000 + +1. In chronological order. (40 + 50) + (−15 + − 20) Use the rules for adding integers with like signs. [90 − 35 = 55] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 = 55 25. [+2.300 11 Team-LRN .000 + +1.750) + −450 Evaluate the expression in the parentheses. (+2.000 + −450 + +1. you can associate like-signed numbers. the expression would be as follows: 40 − 15 + 50 − 20 Change all operation signs to addition and the sign of the number that follows.750) + −450 Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.

each can contain up to ﬁve variables. Read through the Tips for Working with Algebraic Expressions before you begin to solve the problems in this section. Tips for Working With Algebraic Expressions ■ ■ ■ Substitute assigned values for the variables into the expression. You will be evaluating expressions very much like the previous numerical expressions. Work on developing a similar style throughout. Team-LRN . Remember that a variable is just a letter that represents a number in a mathematical expression. When given numerical values for the variables.2 Working with Algebraic Expressions This chapter contains 25 algebraic expressions. As you become more familiar and comfortable with the look and feel of these expressions. As you work through the problems in this chapter. you can turn an algebraic expression into a numerical one. and you will have one sure way of solving these kinds of problems. you will begin to ﬁnd your own shortcuts. Recall and use the Tips for Working with Integers from Chapter 1. Use PEMDAS to perform operations in the proper order. The answer section contains complete explanations of how to go about evaluating the expressions. you are to substitute the assigned values for the variables into the expression and evaluate the expression.

5ab + xy 30. a3 + 24y − 3b 37. y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} 47. 3b2 − 2b + 12 39. 7x + x − z 41. 2z2 ÷ y 42. 4b2 − az 31. bx + z ÷ y 33. 7x ÷ 2yz 32. 2bx ÷ (z − b) 45. −2x − b + az 38. z2 − 4a2y 50. 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b 36. 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab 44. 8y − 3ab 34. 8y(a3 − 2y) 49.501 Algebra Questions ■ Evaluate the following algebraic expressions when a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. 2ax − z 29. bx(z + 3) 43. 4a + b 27. 10b3 − 4b2 48. a(b + z)2 35. 5xy ÷ 2b 40. 3x ÷ z 28. 3x2b(5a − 3b) x 12 13 Team-LRN . 12ab ÷ y 46.

perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Multiply the factors of the ﬁrst term.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Order of operations tells you to multiply ﬁrst. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute. Regardless of what symbol is used. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. 1 (−2 4 ) The value of the expression is as follows: 28. PEMDAS: Multiply the ﬁrst term. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign.25 2(3)(6) − (−8) [2(3)(6) = 36] (36) − (−8) (36) + (+8) [36 + 8 = 44] 1 2 1 expression. a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Substitute. (No sign means + ) The value of the expression is as follows: 27. Give the result the sign of the larger value. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 14 Team-LRN . Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Substitute. { }. ( ). it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Substitute the values for the variables into the 4(3) + (−5) [4(3) = 12] (12) + (−5) [12 − 5 = 7] +7 4a + b = +7 3(6) ÷ (−8) [3(6) = 18] (18) ÷ (−8) [18 ÷ 8 = 2 8 = 2 4 ] 3x ÷ z = −24 or −2. or [ ]. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.

Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the second term of the expression.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 29. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. PEMDAS: Multiply the terms in the expression. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the (+44) 2ax − z = +44 5(3)(−5) + (6)( 2 ) [5(3)(−5) = 15(−5)] [15(−5) = −75] 1 [(6)( 2 ) = 3] (−75) + (3) [75 − 3 = 72] (−72) 5ab + xy = −72 4(−5)2 − (3)(−8) [(−5)2 = (−5) · (−5)] [5 · 5 = 25 = +25] [4(+25) = 100] [(3)(−8)] [3 · −8 = −24] (100) − (−24) 100 + +24 = 124 4b2 − az = 124 1 1 expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression.25 7x ÷ 2yz = −5. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression.25 15 Team-LRN . Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 7(6) ÷ 2( 2 )(−8) [7 · 6 = 42] 1 [{2( 2 )}(−8) = (1)(−8) = −8] (42) ÷ (−8) [42 ÷ 8 = 5. Now evaluate the other term. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 31.25] (42) ÷ (−8) = −5. Give the result the sign of the larger value. Evaluate the ﬁrst term of the expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 30.

The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 34. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. 16 Team-LRN . PEMDAS: Multiply or divide the terms in the expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the terms on either side of the subtraction sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Consider the second term. Substitute the values for the variables into the (−5)(6) + (−8) ÷ ( 2 ) (−5)(6) + {(−8) ÷ ( 2 )} [(−5)(6)] [5 · 6 = 30] [(−5)(6) = −30] 1 [(−8) ÷ ( 2 )] [8 ÷ 2 ] [8 ÷ [(−8) 1 2 1 1 1 =8· 1 (2) 2 1 = 8 · 2 = 16] ÷ = −16] (−30) + (−16) [30 + 16 = 46] (−30) + (−16) = −46 bx + z ÷ y = −46 8( 2 ) − 3(3)(−5) [8 · 2 = 4] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (4) − (−45) (4) − (−45) = 4 + +45 4 + +45 = +49 8y − 3ab = +49 3((−5) + (−8))2 [(−5) + (−8)] [5 + 8 = 13] [(−5) + (−8) = −13] 1 1 expression. To divide by a fraction. Positive times positive is positive. PEMDAS: You must add the terms inside the parentheses ﬁrst. you multiply by the reciprocal.501 Algebra Questions 32. Positive times negative is negative. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 33. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Group terms using order of operations.

Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Evaluate the term with the exponent. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Look ﬁrst to evaluate the term inside the bold parentheses. Substitute into the numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions Substitute into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 36. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 17 Team-LRN . Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−13)2 [(−13)2 = −13 · −13] [13 · 13 = +169] 3(169) = 507 a(b + z)2 = 507 1 expression. The ﬁrst term has an exponent. Substitute into the original numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the 2((3)2 + 2( 2 )) ÷ (−5) [(3)2 + 2( 2 )] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] 1 [2( 2 ) = 1] 1 [(3)2 + 2( 2 ) = 9 + 1 = 10] 2(10) ÷ (−5) [2(10) = 20] (20) ÷ (−5) [20 ÷ 5 = 4] (20) ÷ (−5) = −4 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b = −4 (3)3 + 24( 2 ) − 3(−5) [(3)3 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 27] 1 [24( 2 ) = 12] [3(−5)] [3 · 5 = 15] [3(−5) = −15] (27) + (12) − (−15) (27) + (12) + (+15) 27 + 12 + 15 = 54 a3 + 24y − 3b = +54 1 1 expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Next you evaluate the term with the exponent. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Evaluate the third term. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Evaluate it. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 35. Evaluate the second term. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the second term.

Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Positive times negative results in a negative. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−5)2 − 2(−5) + 12 [(−5)2 = −5 · −5 = +25] 3(+25) − 2(−5) + 12 [3(+25) = 75] [2(−5) = −10] (75) − (−10) + 12 (75) + (+10) + 12 75 + 10 + 12 = 97 3b2 − 2b + 12 = 97 5(6)( 2 ) ÷ 2(−5) [5 · 6 · 2 = (5 · 6) · [2(−5) = −10] 1 1 2 1 expression. a result of addition +. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Add terms from left to right. Substitute the values into the numerical expression. Substitute. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Evaluate the ﬁrst term by multiplying. All term signs are positive. Commutative property of addition allows grouping of like signs. Evaluate the second term. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. = 15] 18 Team-LRN . Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the value into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the −2(6) − (−5) + (3)(−8) [−2(6) = −2 · 6 = −12] [(3)(−8) = 3 · −8 = −24] (−12) − (−5) + (−24) −12 + (+5) + −24 (−12 + −24) + (+5) [−12 + −24 = −36] (−36) + (+5) [36 − 5 = 31] (−36) + (+5) = −31 −2x − b + az = −31 expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 39. Consider the two terms on either side of the division sign.501 Algebra Questions 37. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent ﬁrst. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with multiplication next. Evaluate ﬁrst and last terms. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 38.

Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: (+128) · 2 = 256 2z2 ÷ y = 256 [(−8) + 3] 42. Add terms from left to right. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. First. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: [8 − 3 = 5] [(−8) + 3 = −5] (−5)(6)(−5) [−5 · 6 = −30] (−30) · −5 = +150 bx(z + 3) = +150 19 Team-LRN . Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. (15) ÷ (−10) Signs different? Divide and give the result a 1 negative sign. Multiply from left to right. [15 ÷ 10 = 1 2 ] −10) = −1 1 (15) ÷ ( 2 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as 1 follows: 5xy ÷ 2b = −1 2 or −1.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 41. Negative times positive equals negative. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the 7(6) + (6) − (−8) [7(6) = 7 · 6 = 42] 12 [ (6) = 12 ÷ 6 = 2] (42) + (2) − −8 42 + 2 + −8 42 + 2 + +8 = 52 12 7x + x − z = 52 2(−8)2 ÷ ( 2 ) [2(−8)2 = 2 · (−8) · (−8)] [{2 · (−8)} · (−8)] [2 · (−8) = −16] [(−16) · (−8) = +128] (+128) ÷ 1 2 1 12 expression. evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Change division to multiplication and change the value to its reciprocal.5 40. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. evaluate the term with the exponent. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Evaluate the second term. (−5)(6)((−8) + 3) First. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Multiply from left to right. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign.

501 Algebra Questions 43. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the 6( 2 )(−8 ÷ 2 ) + 3(3)(−5) 1 1 [−8 ÷ 1 1 2 = −8 · 2 1 = −16] 6( 2 )(−16) + 3(3)(−5) [6( 2 )(−16) = 6 · 2 · −16] [3 · −16 = −48] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (−48) + (−45) −48 1 1 + −45 = −93 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab = −93 2(−5)(6) ÷ ((−8) − (−5)) [(−8 − −5)] [−8 + 5] [8 − 5 = 3] [−8 + +5 = −3] 2(−5)(6) ÷ (−3) [2 · −5 · 6 = −60] (−60) ÷ −3 [60 ÷ 3 = 20] (−60) ÷ −3 = 20 2bx ÷ (z − b) = 20 expression. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 20 Team-LRN . Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 44. Evaluate the ﬁrst term in the expression. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Divide and give the result a positive sign. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the second term in the expression.

Evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: ( 2 ) {( (6) 2 6 [2 − − 3) − 4(3)} 6 2 [( − 3) = − 3] 3 = 3 − 3 = 0] ( 2 ){(0) − 4(3)} [{0 − 4(3)} = 0 − 4 · 3] [0 − 4 · 3 = 0 − 12] [0 − 12 = 0 + −12 = −12] ( 2 ){−12} = 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 · −12 [ 2 · 12 = 6] · −12 = −6 x y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} = −6 21 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 45. PEMDAS: Division before subtraction. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Signs different? Multiply the numbers and give the result a negative sign. PEMDAS: Multiply before subtraction. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the 1 12(3)(−5) ÷ ( 2 ) [12 · 3 · −5 = 36 · −5] [36 · 5 = 180] [36 · −5 = −180] (−180) ÷ ( 2 ) −180 1 1 · ( 1 ) = −180 · 2 2 [180 · 2 = 360] −180 · 2 = −360 12ab ÷ y = −360 (6) 2 expression. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Multiply from left to right. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 46. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression.

Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Multiply from left to right. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 22 Team-LRN . Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.350 8( 2 )((3)3 − 2( 2 )) ((3)3 − 2( 2 )) = (33 − 2 · 2 ) [33 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 9 · 3 = 27] 1 [2 · 2 = 1] [(27) − (1)] [27 − 1 = 26] 8( 2 )(26) 1 [8 · 2 = 4] [4 · 26 = 104] 8y(a3 − 2y) = 104 1 1 1 1 1 the expression. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Same signs? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute the result into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 47. Evaluate the second term. Subtract. 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 [10(−5)3 = 10 · −5 · −5 · −5] [10 · −5 = (−50)] [(−50) · −5 = +250] [+250 · −5 = −1250] [4(−5)2 = 4 · −5 · −5] [4 · −5 = −20] [−20 · −5 = +100] −1250 −1250 Evaluate the second term in the numerical expression. Substitute the results into the numerical expression in the parentheses. Multiply from left to right. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the values for the variables into − +100 + −100 [1250 + 100 = 1350] 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 = −1350 10b3 − 4b2 = −1. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 48.

Multiply from left to right. (−8)2 − 4(3)2( 2 ) [(−8)2 = −8 · −8] [−8 · −8 = 64] 1 1 [4(3)2( 2 ) = 4 · 3 · 3 · 2 ] [ 4 · 3 = 12] [12 · 3 = 36] 1 [36 · 2 = 18] (64) − (18) 64 − 18 = 46 z2 − 4a2y = 46 1 Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.501 Algebra Questions 49. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) −3(−5)) [(5(3) − 3(−5)) = 5 · 3 − 3 · −5] [5 · 3 − 3 · −5 = 15 − −15] [15 + +15 = 30] 3(6)2(−5)(30) [(6)2 = 6 · 6 = 36] 3(36)(−5)(30) [3(36) = 108] [(108) · (−5) = −540] [(−540) · (30) = −16. Signs different? Multiply the values and give a negative sign.200 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 23 Team-LRN . Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 50. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the second term.200] 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) − 3(−5)) = −16. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with exponents next. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows.200 3x2b(5a −3b) = −16. PEMDAS: Evaluate the expression in the parentheses ﬁrst. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. you can just subtract. Yes.

as are the variable or variables in the term. When the variables are given number values. as you did in Chapter 2. As you do this. You should know that ■ 3 ■ ■ the numbers in front of the variable or variables are called coefﬁcients. 3x and −4x are like terms but are different from 7ax or 2x3. like terms can have different coefﬁcients. you can multiply the factors of a term together to ﬁnd its value. you can add or subtract them as if they were signed numbers. You may ﬁnd that combining like terms may be easier if you do addition by changing all subtraction to addition of the following term with its sign changed. You can think of an algebraic term as a series of factors with numbers. a coefﬁcient is just a factor in an algebraic term. This Team-LRN . For example. but the conﬁguration of the variables must be the same for the terms to be alike.Combining Like Terms In this chapter. and you can think of variables as factors. you will practice simplifying algebraic expressions. you will recognize and combine terms with variables that are alike and link them to other terms using the arithmetic operations. When you have terms that are alike.

but the value of the expression remains the same. See the Tips for Combining Like Terms. But as you either know or are beginning to see.501 Algebra Questions strategy will continue to be shown in the answer explanations. a(b + c) = ab + ac a(b − c) = ab − ac (b + c)a = ba + ca 4(6 + 3) = 4 · 6 + 4 · 3 = 24 + 12 = 36 (−5 + 8)3 = −5 · 3 + 8 · 3 = −15 + 24 = 9 7(10 + 3) = 7 · 10 + 7 · 3 = 70 + 21 = 91 3(x + 2y) = 3 · x + 3 · 2y = 3x + 6y a(b − 5d) = a · b − a · 5d = ab − 5ad Numerical examples of the commutative properties for addition and multiplication were given in the Tips for Working with Integers. sometimes it’s easier to just subtract. Study the following general and speciﬁc examples. 25 Team-LRN . Tips for Combining Like Terms Distributive Property of Multiplication The distributive property of multiplication tells you how to multiply the terms inside a parentheses by the term outside the parentheses. You will also use the important commutative and associative properties of addition and multiplication. Commutative Property of Multiplication x·y=y·x This equation reminds us that the order in which we multiply expressions can change without changing the value of the result. Another important and useful property is the distributive property. Now look at the following examples: Commutative Property of Addition a+b=b+a This equation reminds us that terms being combined by addition can change their location (commute).

a + −b = a − +b = a − b Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. 26 Team-LRN . Identity Property of Addition n+0=n Identity Property of Multiplication n·1=n Term Equivalents x=1·x For purposes of combining like terms. Look at the expressions on either side of the equal signs. as you go through the practice exercises you will see how each of these properties will come into play as we simplify algebraic expressions by combining like terms. While it may not seem relevant yet. a − b. Which one looks simpler? Of course. a variable by itself is understood to mean one of that term. you can associate any term with any other and the result will be the same. n = +n A term without a sign in front of it is considered to be positive. Associative Property of Multiplication (d · e) · f = d · (e · f ) This equation reminds us that you can multiply three or more terms in any order without changing the value of the result. Writing expressions as simply as possible is always appreciated.501 Algebra Questions Associative Property of Addition (q + r) + s = q + (r + s) This equation reminds us that when you are performing a series of additions of terms. it’s the last. Clarity is valued in mathematics.

4(x + 2y) + 2(x + y) 57. 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m 55.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions by combining like terms. 3a + 4a + 9a 52. 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 − a)} + 5a2 75. 11(4m + 5) + 3(−3m + 8) 59. 2(3a + 4b) + 7(a − b) 58. 5(3x − y) + x(5 + 2y) − 4(3 + x) 72. 9(x − 6) + x(3 − x) 68. 6(3m − 12) − 4(9m + 8) 65. 2x − x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x − y) 70. −7(c − 2d) + 21c − 3(d − 5) 71. 4x + 2y − x + 3y 54. 7a + 6b + 3a 53. a(a + 4) + 3a2 − 2a + 10 67. 6(m − 3n) + 3m(n + 5) − 2n(3 − m) 73. 51. 8s − 3r + 5(2r − s) 64. −7(a + b) +12a − 16b 62. 4(x + y − 4) + 6(2 − 3y) 61. 9(2x − t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) 74. 8(2a − b − 3c) + 3(2a − b) − 4(6 − b) 27 Team-LRN . 3r2 + r(2 − r) + 6(r + 4) 69. 3h + 5 + 2w − 3 + h 56. 64 + 5(n − 8) + 12n − 24 60. 14 + 9(2w + 7) − 2(6 − w) 63. 5(15 − 2j ) + 11(7j − 3) 66.

Substitute the results into the original expression. Change subtraction to addition and 7a + 3a + 6b (7a + 3a) + 6b [(7a + 3a) = 10a] (10a) + 6b 7a + 6b + 3a = 10a + 6b change the sign of the term that follows. { }. Add like terms. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x + 2y + (−x) + 3y 4x + (−x) + 2y + 3y (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) [4x + −x = +3x = 3x] [2y + 3y = 5y] (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) = (3x) + (5y) 4x + 2y − x + 3y = 3x + 5y 28 Team-LRN . ( ). When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Use the associative property for addition. Use the associative property of addition. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 52. Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms. Substitute. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 51. Add like terms. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 53. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property of addition to (3a + 4a) + 9a [3a + 4a = 7a] (7a) + 9a 7a + 9a = 16a 3a + 4a + 9a = 16a move like terms together. Regardless of what symbol is used. or [ ].501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Add like terms. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.

Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second expression. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 56. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 27 + −3m + 12 + −5m 27 + 12 + −3m + −5m (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) [27 + 12 = 39] [−3m + −5m = −8m] (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) = (39) + (−8m) 39 − +8m = 39 − 8m 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m = 39 − 8m 3h + 5 + 2w + (−3) + h 3h + h + 2w + 5 + −3 (3h + h) + 2w + (5 + −3) [(3h + h) = 4h] [(5 + −3) = 2] (4h) + 2w + (2) 4h + 2w + 2 55. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the result into the expression. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: [4(x + 2y) = 4 · x + 4 · 2y] [4x + 8y] [2(x + y) = 2 · x + 2 · y] [2x + 2y] (4x + 8y) + (2x + 2y) (4x + 2x + 8y + 2y (4x + 2x) + (8y + 2y) [4x + 2x = 6x] [8y + 2y = 10y] (6x) + (10y) 6x + 10y 29 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst expression.501 Algebra Questions 54. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add like terms. Add like terms. Add like terms.

Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add like terms. Use the distributive property of [11(4m + 5) = 11 · 4m + 11 · 5] [44m + 55] [3(−3m + 8) = 3 · −3m + 3 · 8] [−9m + 24] (44m + 55) + (−9m + 24) 44m + 55 + −9m + 24 44m + −9m + 55 + 24 (44m + −9m) + (55 + 24) [44m + −9m = 35m] [55 + 24 = 79] (35m) + (79) 35m + 79 [5(n − 8) = 5 · n − 5 · 8] [5n − 40] 64 + (5n − 40) + 12n − 24 64 + 5n − 40 + 12n − 24 64 + 5n + −40 + 12n + −24 multiplication on the second term. Substitute the result into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. 30 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 58. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 59. Substitute the result into the expression. Use the distributive property of [2(3a + 4b) = 2 · 3a + 2 · 4b] [6a + 8b] [7(a − b) = 7 · a − 7 · b] [7a − 7b] (6a + 8b) + (7a − 7b) 6a + 8b + 7a − 7b 6a + 8b + 7a + (−7b) 6a + 7a + 8b + (−7b) (6a + 7a) + (8b + −7b) [6a + 7a = 13a] [8b + −7b = b] (13a) + (b) 13a + b multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Substitute the result into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.501 Algebra Questions 57. Substitute the result into the expression. Parentheses are no longer needed. Add like terms.

4x + 4y + −18y + −16 + 12 4x + (4y + −18y) + (−16 + 12) [4y + −18y = −14y] [−16 + 12 = 12 + −16 = −4] Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Add like terms. Add like terms. 4x + (−14y) + (−4) Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Use the associative property for addition. Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of 5n + 12n + 64 + −40 + −24 (5n + 12n) + (64 + −40 + −24) [5n + 12n = 17n] [64 + −40 + −24 = 64 +(−40 + −24)] [64 + −64 = 0] (17n) + (0) 17n [4(x + y − 4) = 4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4] [4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4 = 4x + 4y − 16] [6(2 − 3y) = 6 · 2 − 6 · 3y = 12 − 18y] (4x + 4y − 16) + (12 − 18y) 4x + 4y − 16 + 12 − 18y multiplication on the ﬁrst term. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 60. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x − 14y − 4 31 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms. Parentheses are no longer needed.

Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. (20w) + (65) Parentheses are no longer needed. [14 + 63 + −12 = 77 + −12 = 65] Substitute the results into the expression. 14 + 9(2w + 7) + −2(6 + −w) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. 18w + +2w + 14 + 63 + −12 Use the associative property for addition. [9(2w + 7) = 9 · 2w + 9 · 7] [9 · 2w + 9 · 7 = 18w + 63] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Add like terms. 20w + 65 32 Team-LRN . 62. (18w + +2w) + (14 + 63 + −12) Add like terms. Change subtraction to addition and [−7(a + b) = −7 · a + −7 · b] (−7a + −7b) + 12a − 16b −7a + −7b + 12a − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b + −16b (12a + −7a) + (−7b + −16b) [12a + −7a = 5a] [−7b + −16b = −23b] (5a) + (−23b) 5a − 23b change the sign of the terms that follow. Parentheses are no longer needed. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. [−2(6 + −w) = −2 · 6 + −2 · −w] Notice the result of multiplication for opposite and like-signed terms. [−2 · 6 + −2 · −w = −12 + +2w] Substitute the results into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 61. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 14 + (18w + 63) + (−12 + +2w) Parentheses are no longer needed. 14 + 18w + 63 + −12 + +2w Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. [18w + +2w = 20w] Add from left to right.

Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Add terms using the rules for terms with the same signs. Parentheses are no longer needed. Either of the last two expressions is correct. but the second is the simpler. Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Substitute the results into the expression. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. 33 − +104 + −18m − (+18m) − 18m −104 −104 Team-LRN . Add like terms. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together.501 Algebra Questions 63. Change subtraction to addition and change 8s + −3r + 5(2r + −s) [5(2r + −s) = 5 · 2r + 5 · −s] [5 · 2r + 5 · −s = 10r + −5s] 8s + −3r + (10r + −5s) 8s + −3r + 10r + −5s 8s + −5s + 10r + −3r (8s + −5s) + (10r + −3r) [8s + −5s = 3s] [10r + −3r = 7r] (3s) + (7r) 3s + 7r 6(3m + −12) + −4(9m + 8) [6(3m + −12) = 6 · 3m + 6 · −12] [6 · 3m + 6 · −12 = 18m + −72] [−4(9m + 8) = −4 · 9m + −4 · 8] [−4 · 9m + −4 · 8 = −36m + −32] (18m + −72) + (−36m + −32) 18m + −72 + −36m + −32 18m + −36m + −72 + −32 (18m + −36m) + (−72 + −32) [18m + −36m = −18m] [−72 + −32 = −104] (−18m) + (−104) −18m + −104 −18m −104 the sign of the terms that follow. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Parentheses are no longer needed. Parentheses are no longer needed. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the commutative property of addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the results into the expression. 64.

Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with the same signs. (75 + −10j ) + (77j + −33) Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the commutative property for multiplication for the second term. Substitute the results into the expression.501 Algebra Questions 65. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. [75 + −33 = +42] Substitute the results into the expression. [11(7j + −3) = 11 · 7j + 11 · −3] [11 · 7j + 11 · −3 = 77j + −33] Substitute the results into the expression. [5(15 + −2j ) = 5 · 15 + 5 · −2j] [5 · 15 + 5 · −2j = 75 + −10j] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Parentheses are no longer needed. Add the second term using the rules for terms with different signs. 75 + −10j + 77j + −33 Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Parentheses are no longer needed. [77j + −10j = +67j ] Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. 77j + −10j + 75 + −33 Use the associative property for addition. Use the associative property for addition. 67j + 42 a(a + 4) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 [a(a + 4) = a · a + a · 4] [a · a + a · 4 = a2 + 4a] (a2 + 4a) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 4a + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 3a2 + 4a + −2a + 10 (a2 + 3a2) + (4a + −2a) + 10 [a2 + 3a2 = 4a2] [4a + −2a = 2a] (4a2) + (2a) + 10 4a2 + 2a + 10 66. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. (67j ) + (42) Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the results into the expression. 34 Team-LRN . 5(15 + −2j ) + 11(7j + −3) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. (77j + −10j ) + (75 + −33) Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term.

Remove the parentheses. Add the second term using the rules for terms with the same signs. 3r2 + r (2 + −r) + 6(r + 4) [r (2 + −r) = r · 2 + r · −r] [r · 2 + r · −r = 2r + −r2] [6(r + 4) = 6 · r + 6 · 4] [6 · r + 6 · 4 = 6r + 24] 3r2 + (2r + −r2) + (6r + 24) 3r2 + 2r + −r2 + 6r + 24 3r2 + −r2 + 2r + 6r + 24 (3r2 + −r2) + (2r + 6r) + 24 [3r2 + −r2 = 2r2] [2r + 6r = 8r] (2r2) + (8r) + 24 2r2 + 8r + 24 35 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Remove the parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and change 9(x + −6) + x(3 + −x) [9(x + −6) = 9 · x + 9 · −6] [9 · x + 9 · −6 = 9x + −54] [x(3 + −x) = x · 3 + x · −x] [x · 3 + x · −x = 3x + −x2] (9x + −54) + (3x + −x2) 9x + −54 + 3x + −x2 9x + 3x + −54 + −x2 (9x + 3x) + −54 + −x2 (12x) + −54 + −x2 12x − (+54) + −x2 −x2 + 12x − 54 the sign of the terms that follow.501 Algebra Questions 67. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property of addition to put the terms in exponential order. Substitute the results into the expression. Add terms in parentheses using the rules for terms with the same signs. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Parentheses are no longer needed. 68. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together.

Remove the parentheses. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the last expression. Use the associative and commutative properties for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Remove the parentheses. 70. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the fourth term. Add the second set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the commutative property of addition to move terms together. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Add the ﬁrst set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and the 2x + −x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x + −y) [−x(5 + y) = −x · 5 + −x · y] [−x · 5 + −x · y = −5x + −xy] [4(2x + −y) = 4 · 2x + 4 · −y] [4 · 2x + 4 · −y = 8x + −4y] 2x + (−5x + −xy) + 3xy + (8x + −4y) 2x + −5x + −xy + 3xy + 8x + −4y (2x + −5x + 8x) + (−xy + 3xy) + (−4y) [2x + −5x + 8x = 5x] [−xy + 3xy = 2xy] (−5x) + (2xy) + (−4y) 5x + 2xy −4y −7(c sign of the terms that follow.501 Algebra Questions 69. Remove the parentheses. + −2d) + 21c + −3(d + −5) [−7(c + −2d) = −7 · c + −7 · −2d ] [−7 · c + −7 · −2d = −7c + +14d ] [−3(d + −5) = −3 · d + −3 · −5] [−3 · d + −3 · −5 = −3d + +15] (−7c + +14d) + 21c + (−3d + +15) −7c + +14d + 21c + −3d + +15 21c + −7c + +14d + −3d + +15 (21c + −7c) + (+14d + −3d) + +15 (14c) + (11d) + 15 14c + 11d + 15 36 Team-LRN .

5(3x + −y) + x(5 + 2y) + −4(3 + x) [5(3x + −y) = 5 · 3x + 5 · −y] [5 · 3x + 5 · −y = 15x + −5y] [x(5 + 2y) = x · 5 + x · 2y] [x · 5 + x · 2y = 5x + 2xy] [−4(3 + x) = −4 · 3 + −4 · x] [−4 · 3 + −4 · x = −12 + −4x] (15x + −5y)+ (5x + 2xy) + (−12 + −4x) 15x + −5y+ 5x + 2xy + −12 + −4x (15x + 5x + −4x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) − (+5y) + 2xy − (+12) 16x − 5y + 2xy − 12 37 Team-LRN . Remove the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions 71. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Substitute the results into the original expression. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the associative property for addition.

[6 · m + 6 · −3n = 6m + −18n] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. (6m + −18n) + (3mn + 15m) + (−6n + +2mn) Remove the parentheses. [3m(n + 5) = 3m · n + 3m · 5] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the associative property for addition. 9(2x + −t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) [9(2x + −t) = 9 · 2x + 9 · −t] [9 · 2x + 9 · −t = 18x + −9t] [x(−4 + 5t) = x · −4 + x · 5t] [x · −4 + x · 5t = −4x + 5xt] (18x + −9t) + 23xt + (−4x + 5xt) 18x + −9t + 23xt + −4x + 5xt 38 Team-LRN . Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. [−2n(3 + −m) = −2n · 3 + −2n · −m] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. (6m + 15m) + (3mn + +2mn) + (−6n + −18n) Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. (21m) + (5mn) + (−24n) Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. 6m + −18n + 3mn + 15m + −6n + +2mn Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. [6(m + −3n) = 6 · m + 6 · −3n] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [−2n · 3 + −2n · −m = −6n + +2mn] Substitute the results into the original expression. 6(m + −3n) + 3m(n + 5) + −2n(3 + −m) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 21m + 5mn − 24n 73. Substitute the results into the expression. [3m · n + 3m · 5 = 3mn + 15m] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term.501 Algebra Questions 72. Remove the parentheses.

Use the identity property of addition. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. 39 Team-LRN . Use the associative property for addition. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. Simplify the term inside the outer parentheses ﬁrst. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Remove the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Substitute the results into the expression. 18x + −4x + −18t + 23xt + 5xt (18x + −4x) + −9t + (23xt + 5xt) (14x) + −9t + (28xt) 14x − +9t + 28xt 14x − 9t + 28xt 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)} + 5a2 [2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)] [2a(a + 3) = 2a · a + 2a · 3] [2a · a + 2a · 3 = 2a2 + 6a] [6(4 + −a) = 6 · 4 + 6 · −a] [6 · 4 + 6 · −a = 24 + −6a] [(2a2 + 6a) + (24 + −6a)] [2a2 + 6a + 24 + −6a] [2a2 + 6a + −6a + 24] [2a2 + (6a + −6a) + 24] [2a2 + (0) + 24] [2a2 + 24] 4{2a2 + 24} + 5a2 [4 · 2a2 + 4 · 24] [8a2 + 96] (8a2 + 96) + 5a2 8a2 + 96 + 5a2 8a2 + 5a2 + 96 (8a2 + 5a2) + 96 13a2 + 96 74. Add like terms. Substitute the results into the expression. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term.

Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. 8(2a + −b + −3c) + 3(2a + −b) + −4(6 + −b) [8(2a + −b + −3c) = 8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c] [8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c = 16a + −8b + −24c] [3(2a + −b) = 3 · 2a + 3 · −b] [3 · 2a + 3 · −b = 6a + −3b] [−4(6 + −b) = −4 · 6 + −4 · −b] [−4 · 6 + −4 · −b = −24 + +4b] (16a + −8b + −24c) + (6a + −3b) + (−24 + +4b) 16a + −8b + −24c + 6a + −3b + −24 + +4b 16a + 6a + −8b + −3b + +4b + −24c + −24 (16a + 6a) + (−8b + −3b + +4b) + −24c + −24 (22a) + (−7b) + −24c + −24 22a − 7b − 24c − 24 40 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Substitute the results into the expression. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Remove the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions 75.

that is what you have done when you have the variable on one side of the equal sign and a number on the other. Simply put. Look over the Tips for Solving Basic Equations before you begin this chapter’s questions. you must do the same to the other side to maintain the equality. you can manipulate the equation to ﬁnd a solution. If you add or subtract an amount from one side of the equation. An equation is a mathematical statement where two expressions are set equal to each other. Using logic and mathematical operations. But they all rely on the same rules. 4 Tips for Solving Basic Equations ■ ■ If a number is being added to or subtracted from a term on one side of an equation. The inverse of subtraction is addition.Solving Basic Equations Solving equations is not very different from working with numerical or algebraic expressions. There will be different solutions to similar problems to show a variety of methods for solving equations. Team-LRN . you can eliminate that number by performing the inverse operation. The inverse of addition is subtraction. The answer explanations will show and identify all the steps you will need to solve basic equations.

a + 1 4 = 6 4 83. Just remember that you must do it to both sides. If a variable is being multiplied by a coefﬁcient.8 92. y + 17 = −12 79. b − 24 = 86 80. x 9 = 16 y − −4 = 12 2 3 a = 54 8 − 5 b = 56 42 Team-LRN . 0. 4x = −20 88. 93. When you have the variable isolated on one side of the equation. 45r = −30 91. leaving you with just one of the variables. x − 25 = 32 78. 76. 94. If b is a number ≠ 0. 2a = 18 87. 27b = 9 90. −3y 3 1 5 2 1 = 18 89. You can perform any operation to a term in an equation. a + 16 = 30 77. 12 − c = −9 81. c − 4( 2 − 5) = 20 85.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ The inverse of multiplication is division. The inverse of division is multiplication. If a number is dividing a variable. you can multiply the term by the number. the value on the other side is your solution. you can eliminate the coefﬁcient by dividing both sides of the equation by that coefﬁcient.2c = 5. leaving you with y one of the variables. s − −3 = −1 82. then ax ÷ a = x. 95. b − 2 = − 3 84. then b( b ) = y. m + 2(5 − 24) = −76 86. If a is a number ≠ 0.

After putting 324 teddy bears into packing crates. How many acres did he plant this year? 100.200? 99.501 Algebra Questions 96. how many bears were in each packing crate? 98.000 bonus check from her company at the end of the year. Jack paid $21. This was 8 the suggested selling price of 7 the car. This was 5% of her annual salary. there were 54 crates ﬁlled with bears. How much was her annual salary before receiving the bonus? 43 Team-LRN . This year a farmer planted 300 acres of corn. A business executive received a $6. This was 1.5 times as many acres as he planted last year. How many turtles must have been born if the current number of breeding adults is 1. What was the suggested selling price of the car? 97.000 for his new car. Only 2% of turtle hatchlings will live to become breeding adults. If each crate contained the same number of bears.

Zero is the identity element for addition. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. { }. Add +24 to each side of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Zero is the identity element for addition. 78. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. ( ). Associate like terms. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. 76. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Regardless of what symbol is used. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Zero is the identity element for addition. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Add 25 to each side of the equation. or [ ]. Associate like terms. Associate like terms. a + (16 − 16) = (30 − 16) a + (0) = (14) a = 14 25 + x − 25 = 32 + 25 x + 25 − 25 = 32 + 25 x + (25 − 25) = (32 + 25) x + (0) = (57) x = 57 y + 17 − 17 = −12 − 17 y + (17 − 17) = (−12 − 17) y + (17 + −17) = (−12 + −17) y + (0) = −29 y = −29 b + −24 = 86 b + −24 + +24 = 86 + +24 b + (−24 + 24) = (86 + 24) b + (0) = 110 b = 110 Use the commutative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 77. 44 Team-LRN . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 79. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.

Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. 3 Associate like terms. 82. 5 45 Team-LRN . Subtract − 2 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Subtracting zero is the same as adding zero. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.501 Algebra Questions 80. Associate like terms. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and change the 12 + −c = −9 12 + −c + +c = −9 + +c 12 + (−c + +c) = −9 + +c 12 + (0) = −9 + c 12 = −9 + c +9 + 12 = +9 + −9 + c (+9 + 12) = (+9 + −9) + c (21) = (0) + c 21 = c s + +3 = −1 s + +3 + −3 = −1 + −3 s + (+3 + −3) = −1 + −3 s + (0) = (−4) s = −4 a + 1 4 + −1 4 = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (1 4 + −1 4 ) = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (0) = 4 2 a = 42 b + −2 = −3 b + −2 − −2 = −3 − −2 b + (− 2 − − 2 ) = − 3 − − 2 b + (− 2 + + 2 ) = − 3 + + 2 b + (0) = b = 16 5 11 6 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 3 3 1 3 3 3 1 3 sign of the term that follows. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 81. 83. Add −1 4 to each side of the equation. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Change the improper fraction to a mixed number. Add −3 to each side of the equation. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Add +c to each side of the equation. Add +9 to each side of the equation. Associate like terms. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers.

y= y = −6 27b 27 18 −3 18 −3 = 9 27 1 3 9 27 b= Reduce fractions to their simplest form. Zero is the identity element for addition. Another look for this solution method is as follows: 88. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Perform the operation in parentheses. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. c + −4( 2 + −5) = 20 1 c + (−4 · 2 + −4 · −5) = 20 c + (−2 + +20) = 20 c + (18) = 20 c + 18 − 18 = 20 − 18 c + (18 − 18) = 20 − 18 c+0=2 c=2 m + (10 − 48) = −76 m + −38 + +38 = −76 + +38 m + (−38 + +38) = −76 + +38 m + (0) = −38 m = −38 2a ÷ 2 = 18 ÷ 2 a = 18 ÷ 2 a=9 = 2 a=9 2a 2 18 1 85. r= −30 45 45 3 46 Team-LRN . 4x ÷ 4 = −20 ÷ 4 x = −20 ÷ 4 x = −5 =−4 x = −5 4x 4 20 −3y −3 = Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Add +38 to each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 18 from both sides of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 90. Another method is as follows: 87.501 Algebra Questions 84. m + (2 · 5 − 2 · 24) = −76 Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. 89. Divide both sides of the equation by 27. 86. Perform the operation in parentheses. The order of operations is to multiply ﬁrst. b= 45r 45 = −2 −30 r= Reduce fractions to their simplest form (common factor of 15). Divide both sides of the equation by −3. Divide both sides of the equation by 45. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. Associate like terms.

95.000 ÷ 8 x = 21. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal.000 7 7 8 47 Team-LRN . 92. The 7 5 1 · 8 −280 8 ﬁrst and second sentences tell you that 8 of the suggested price = $21.000 8 7 7 8x 7 8x = $21.2 = 5. 2 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9.8 5.2c 0. 93. 8 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal.501 Algebra Questions 91. Multiply both sides of the equation by −4.2 Divide. Here’s one. 94.2. There are several ways to multiply fractions and whole numbers. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.000 ÷ 7 x = 21.2 c = 29 9( 9 ) = 9(16) x = 9(16) x = 144 · −4 = −4 · −12 y = −4 · −12 y = +48 = 48 ÷ 3 = 54 ÷ 2 a = 54 ÷ 3 a = 54 · a = 81 8 5b 3 2 2 3a 2 2 3 −4 x Multiply. So your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 7 8. = −56 ÷ 8 b = −56 ÷ 5 ÷ b = −56 · b= −56 8 5 8 5 5 8 b= b = −35 96.000 · x = $24. 0. y Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. c = 0.8 0. ÷ 8 = 21. Divide both sides of the equation by 5 . Divide both sides of the equation by 3 .000. Let x = the suggested selling price of the car.

02t = 1.5 c = 200 salary equals her yearly bonus.05. Your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 54.5 c = 300 ÷ 1.200 ÷ 0. Let d = her annual salary.000 99. so the equation becomes Divide both sides of the equation by 0.05d = 6. Let c = the number of acres he planted last year. t = 60. 54b = 324 54b ÷ 54 = 324 ÷ 54 b = 324 ÷ 54 b=6 The ﬁrst sentence tells you that only 2% survive to adulthood. The ﬁrst sentence tells you that the number of packing crates times the number of bears in each is equal to the total number of bears. Your equation will be: (2%)t = 1. 100. Divide.000 0.05.200.000 48 Team-LRN . Two percent of the turtles born is 1. so the equation becomes 0.05 = 6.05d ÷ 0. Five percent of her 1. Let b = the number of bears in each packing crate.05 d = 6.05 d = $120.02.02 Divide.000. (5%)d = $6.200 The numerical equivalent of 2% is 0.501 Algebra Questions 97.5 times c is 300. 0.02t ÷ 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 1. 1. Your equation will be: The numerical equivalent of 5% is 0.02.5 c ÷ 1.5.000 ÷ 0.02 t = 1.02 = 1.000 ÷ 0. Divide. 0.5c = 300 1.5 = 300 ÷ 1.200. Let t = the number of turtle hatchlings born.200 ÷ 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. 98. Divide.

Both conventions will be used in the answers. The solution techniques for the two types of basic equations you worked on in Chapter 4 are both utilized in the equations in this chapter. Just substitute the value you ﬁnd for the variable and work Team-LRN . or with parentheses like this: 5(3) = 15. this becomes confusing. 5 Tips for Solving Multi-Step Equations ■ ■ ■ There are at least two ways to show multiplication. so you should get used to either one. the convention is to show multiplication with either a · like this: 5 · 3 = 15. Check your answers before looking at the answer solutions. You may be used to seeing multiplication shown with an × like this: 5 × 3 = 15. In algebra. division can be shown using the standard division symbol ÷. In equations. Similarly.Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving multi-step equations simply combines the work you have done in the previous chapters. as in 10 ÷ 2 = 5. Use and get used to both. Or it can be shown using a fraction 10 bar like this: 10 ÷ 2 = 2 = 5.

13x + 21 = 60 103. let the unknown quantity be equal to the variable.7 = 3 = 25 − s 119.5 117. For 2 3 example. 9 ÷ 3 = 9( 2 ). To write an equation for a word problem. 4x + 3 = 11 102. x 3 x 7 + 4 = 10 −5=1 107. your solution is correct.25 = 1 111. s 4 + 2.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ each side of the equation as if it were a numerical expression. 8s − 5 = 35 120.3a + 0. 5x − 6 = −26 105. Then write the equation based on the information stated in the problem. 4 = 4a + 20 109. Find the solutions to the following equations. 9 = 4 m − 3 113. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. 10s − 6 = 0 118. 4m − 14 = 50 115. 10a + 5 = 7 110. 3x − 9 = 15 104. 2 3m + 8 = 20 3 112. 2m 5 + 16 = 24 116. 7m − 6 = −2. 101. −55 50 Team-LRN . If the quantities you ﬁnd are equal. 36 = 3a − 9 108. 106. 41 − 2m = 61 114. 0.

50 per hour.501 Algebra Questions Solve the following word problems by letting a variable equal the unknown quantity. What is Bill’s hourly wage? 123. He expects it to gain 12 pounds per month. At year’s end.50 less than twice Bill’s hourly wage.5 times her former salary by changing jobs. He will sell it when it weighs 200 lbs. a share of stock in Axon Corporation was worth $37.000 at her new job. when he bought it. She earned $64. What was her salary at her previous employment? 125. Jennifer earned $4.000 more than 1. A farmer is raising a hog that weighed 20 lbs. and then solving the equation. Mary earns $12. making an equation from the information given. This was $8 less than three times its value at the beginning of the year. Mary earns $1. Twenty-ﬁve more girls than 3 the number of boys participate in inter2 scholastic sports at a local high school. how many boys participate? 51 Team-LRN . How many months will it be before he will sell the animal? 122. 121. If the number of girls participating is 105. What was the price of a share of Axon stock at the beginning of the year? 124.

or [ ].501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Zero is the identity element for addition. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Zero is the identity element for addition. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Associate like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. { }. 4x + 3 − 3 = 11 − 3 4x + (3 − 3) = (11 − 3) 4x + (0) = (8) 4x = 8 4x ÷ 4 = 8 ÷ 4 x=2 13x + 21 − 21 = 60 − 21 13x + (21 − 21) = (60 − 21) 13x + (0) = (39) 13x = 39 13x ÷ 13 = 39 ÷ 13 x=3 3x − 9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + −9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + (−9 + 9) = 15 + 9 3x + (0) = 24 3x = 24 3x ÷ 3 = 24 ÷ 3 x=8 5x − 6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + −6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + (−6 + 6) = −26 + 6 5x + (0) = −20 5x = −20 5x ÷ 5 = −20 ÷ 5 x = −4 Associate like terms. ( ). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 102. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. 101. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Perform numerical operations. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 52 Team-LRN . Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 21 from both sides of the equation. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 104. Associate like terms. Add 9 to each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 13. Add 6 to each side of the equation. Perform numerical operations. Regardless of what symbol is used. 103. Perform numerical operations.

x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 + 4 − 4 = 10 − 4 + (4 − 4) = 10 − 4 + (0) = 6 Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. −5+5=1+5 + −5 + 5 = 1 + 5 + (−5 + 5) = 1 + 5 + (0) = 6 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Multiply both sides of the equation by 3. Zero is the identity element for addition. 4a 109. Add 9 to each side of the equation. =6 x 3( 3 ) = 3(6) x = 18 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 106. 10a + 5 − 5 = 7 − 5 10a + (5 − 5) = 7 − 5 10a + (0) = 2 10a = 2 = 10 a = 0. Perform numerical operations.2 or 10a 10 2 1 5 53 Team-LRN . Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Associate like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. =6 x 7( 7 ) = 7(6) x = 42 36 + 9 = 3a − 9 + 9 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 45 = 3a + (0) 45 = 3a 45 ÷ 3 = 3a ÷ 3 15 = a 4 − 20 = 4a + 20 − 20 4 − 20 = 4a + (20 − 20) −16 = 4a + (0) −16 = 4a = 4 −4 = a 4 −16 107. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions 105. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Multiply both sides of the equation by 7. Add 5 to each side of the equation. Perform numerical operations. 108.

75 = 0. Zero is the identity element for addition.3a + (0) = 0. Zero is the identity element for addition.25 − 0.25) = 1 − 0. 3 3 3 4 3 (12) 4 3 Associate like terms.3. Associate like terms. Simplify the result. 112.3a + (0.75 0. Perform numerical operations. You can change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the term following to its opposite. Divide both sides of the equation by Use the rules for operating with signed numbers. 0. Zero is the identity element for addition. which in this case is −2m. 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m + 8 − 8 = 20 − 8 + (8 − 8) = 20 − 8 + (0) = 12 = 12 3 = 2 (12) m = 18 9 + 3 = 4m − 3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + −3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + (−3 + 3) 12 = 4 m + (0) 12 = 4 m = 3 ( 4 m) 16 = m 41 − 41 − 2m = 61 − 41 (41 − 41) − 2m = 61 − 41 (0) − 2m = 20 −2m = 20 −2m −2m −2 3 2 2 ( 3 m) 3 3 3 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions 110.3 a = 2.25 from both sides of the equation. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 the reciprocal of 3 . Subtract 0.75 Associate like terms. −2. 111. 114.25 0.3a + 0.3a = 0.25 = 1 − 0. = 20 = 20 −2 m = −10 4m − 14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + −14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + (−14 + 14) = 50 + 14 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Perform numerical operations.5 0. Subtract 41 from both sides of the equation.25 − 0. Perform numerical operations. Perform numerical operations.3a 0. 54 Team-LRN .25 0. Add 3 to both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition.3 0. Associate like terms. Add 14 to each side of the equation. 113. Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. Multiply both sides of the equation by the reciprocal of 4 .

5 5 2 2 ( 5 )m 116.5 + 6 7m + −6 + 6 = −2. Express the answer in the simplest form. = 2 m = 20 = ( 5 )m. Divide both sides of the equation by 10.5 + 6 7m + (−6 + 6) = −2. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation.5 + 6 7m + (0) = 3.5 = 7 m = 0. There are two methods for solving. 5 2 = ( 2 )8 m = 20 7m − 6 + 6 = −2. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations. Use rules for multiplying whole numbers and fractions. Associate like terms.5 7m 7 3. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. 117. Perform numerical operations. Multiply both sides of the equation by 5. Or you can recognize that Then you would multiply by the reciprocal of the coefﬁcient. 10s − 6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + −6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + (−6 + 6) = 0 + 6 10s + (0) = 6 10s 10 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Perform numerical operations. 4m + (0) = 64 4m = 64 = 4 m = 16 4m 4 64 115. Associate like terms. 55 = 3 5 6 10 s= = 0. This equation presents a slightly different look.6 Team-LRN . The variable in the numerator has a coefﬁcient. Add 6 to each side of the equation.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations. 2m 5 + 16 − 16 = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (16 − 16) = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (0) = 8 2m 5 =8 2m 5( 5 ) = 5(8) 5 2m 1 ( 5 ) = 40 5 · 2m 1 · 5 = 40 10m 5 2m 2 2m 5 = 40 40 2m = 40 Divide both sides by 2. Add 6 to each side of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.

Associate like terms. You are to solve for s. 122. 2x − 1. 120. 2x − 1.3) s = 1. Perform numerical operations. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.7 + (0) = 0. Let x = Bill’s hourly wage. (−55 + −25) = (25 + −25) + −s −80 = (0) + −s Perform numerical operations.7 = 3 − 2. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. Associate like terms. Subtract 2. but the term remaining is −s. Express the answer in simplest form. 80 = s 121. If you multiply both sides by −1. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation. Then 2x less $1. The equation representing the last statement would be Add 1.7 − 2.50 to both sides of the equation.50.50 is equal to Mary’s hourly wage. you −1(−80) = −1(−s) will be left with a +s or just s.3 s Associate like terms. times 12 (pounds per month).50 56 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 12. Perform numerical operations. Multiply both sides of the equation by 4. will be equal to 200 pounds.50 + 1.7 − 2. Perform numerical operations. Let x = the number of months.7 from both sides of the equation. s 4 s 4 s 4 + 2.50 = 12.7 + (2. An equation that represents these words would be Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation.50 + 1. plus the starting weight (20).501 Algebra Questions 118. 8s 8 40 − 25 = 25 − 25 − s Change subtraction to addition and change −55 + −25 = 25 + −25 + −s the sign of the term that follows.7) = 3 − 2. Associate like terms. 4( 4 ) = 4(0. Use the rules for operating with signed numbers. The number of months (x). Add 5 to each side of the equation. 12x + 20 − 20 = 200 − 20 12x + (20 − 20) = 200 − 20 12x + (0) = 180 12x 12 180 = 12 x = 15 The farmer would have to wait 15 months before selling his hog. 12x + 20 = 200. −80 = −s Zero is the identity element for addition.50 = 12.2 8s − 5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + −5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + (−5 + 5) = 35 + 5 8s + (0) = 40 = 8 s=5 −55 119.

3x − 8 = 37.000 = x Jennifer’s former salary was $40. Let x = the share price at the beginning of the year. Perform numerical operations.5x Divide both sides of the 60.00 2x 2 14.000 from both sides of the equation. The question tells us 2 that 3 the number of boys plus 25 is equal to the number of girls who participate.00 123. An equation that represents this statement is Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation.000 1.00 = 2 x = 7.000 = 1.000 = 1.5x + 4. 124. 60.000. Perform numerical operations. 2 2 3 x + 25 = 105.000 = 1. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. The number of boys who participate is 120.00 per hour.000 per year. Let x = the number of boys who participate in interscholastic sports.5.5 times x plus $4.000 − 4.5x + 4.000 − 4. 64.5x equation by 1. Multiply by the reciprocal of 3 . Bill’s hourly wage is $7. The statements tell us that $64.000.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations. The statements tell us that if we multiply the share price at the beginning of the year by 3 and then subtract $8. An algebraic equation to represent this statement is 64. it will equal $37.5 40. 2 3 x + 25 − 25 = 2 3 x = 80 3 2 3 2 ( 3 x) = 2 (80) 105 − 25 x = 120 57 Team-LRN . Let x = her previous salary.000 Perform numerical operations. 1. 2x = 14.5 = 1. Subtract 4. 125. An equation that represents this amount is Add 8 to both sides of the equation.000 is equal to 1. 3x − 8 + 8 = 37 + 8 3x = 45 3x 3 45 = 3 x = 15 One share of Axon cost $15 at the beginning of the year. Divide both sides of the equation by 2.

And it demonstrates your mastery of the processes involved in doing algebra. that’s all right. If your sequence of steps is not identical to the solution shown. Team-LRN . There is often more than one way to ﬁnd a solution. Work through the questions carefully. Notice that what follows are variations on the basic distributive property.Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of an Equation If you have been solving the problems in this book with some success. and refer to the answer explanations as you try and solve the equations by yourself. you will move easily into this chapter. 6 Tips for Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of the Equation Use the distributive property of multiplication to expand and separate terms. but you are getting the correct answers. Then check your answers with the solutions provided.

5x + 3 + 6x = 10x + 9 − x 129. or some number.2x + 11 133. 10x + 27 − 5x − 46 = 32 + 3x − 19 130. multiply. 2x + 17 − 1. 13 − 8(x − 2) = 7(x + 4) + 46 139. In that instance. 12x − 4(x − 1) = 2(x − 2) + 16 59 Team-LRN . When the variable stands alone on one side of the equation.4 136. the solution is the null set—that is.3 + 5x − 0.2x = 10 − 0. In the instance where you have eliminated the variable altogether from the equation and end up with two values that do not equal each other—such as 5 = 7. 20x − 11 − 3x = 9x + 43 131. 7(x + 2) + 1 = 3(x + 14) − 4x 137. you have found the solution. In another instance.1 = −1. 3x + 12 − 0. 10x + 9 = 2x − 7 127. 2(2x + 19) − 9x = 9(13 − x) + 21 141.8x − 9.8x = 3.25 = 1. a set containing no elements. remember that you can add. which we know is not true—there is said to be no solution for the equation. 1.4 − 0. Find the solutions for the following equations. 13x + 3(3 − x) = −3(4 + 3x) − 2x 140.501 Algebra Questions a(b − c) = ab − ac −1(b + c) = −b − c −1(b − c) = −b + c or −(b − c) = −b + c The object is to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. 0. is equal to itself. and divide variables on both sides of an equation just as you did with numerical values.15 − 2x 132. you ﬁnd that the solution seems to be the variable. 3x − 23 = 54 − 4x 128. any value can make the equation true. therefore there are an inﬁnite number of solutions. 2 + 5x − 0. As you begin to practice solving the following equations.4 + 3x − 0.3 = 4x + 2 134. There are two instances that sometimes occur when solving equations.2 − 3x 135. 3(5x + 4) = 5x − 28 138. 126. subtract. Stated another way.

2x + 1 5 x = 1 + 3x 143. 4(9 − x) = 2x − 6(x + 6) 148.8(x + 20) − 4. 5 2 (x − 2) + 3x = 3(x + 1 1 6( 2 x + 2 ) = 3(x + 1) 4 2) − 10 145.5 = 0. 7(x − 10) + 110 = 4(x − 25) + 7x 150. 144.7(5 + x) − 0.2x − 1) = 0. 0.9x 60 Team-LRN .2x) 146.501 Algebra Questions 142.7(0. 0.3(3 − 0. 3(3x + 4) − 7 = 13(x + 1) 149. 10(x + 2) + 7(1 − x) = 3(x + 9) 147.

or [ ]. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Solution. Simplify. Regardless of what symbol is used. Simplify. 3x − 23 + 23 = 54 + 23 − 4x 3x + 0 = 77 − 4x 3x = 77 − 4x 3x + 4x = 77 − 4x + 4x 7x = 77 = 7 x = 11 7x 7 77 127. Simplify. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 61 Team-LRN . Simplify. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Simplify. ( ). 126. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Now add 4x to both sides. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. 10x + 9 − 9 = 2x − 7 − 9 10x + (0) = 2x − 16 10x = 2x − 16 10x − 2x = 2x − 2x − 16 8x = −16 = 8 1x = −2 x = −2 8x 8 −16 10(−2) + 9 = 2(−2) − 7 −20 + 9 = −4 − 7 −11 = −11 The result is a true statement. so this answer is a correct solution. Identity property of 0 for addition. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Add 23 to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. Identity property of 0 for addition.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Simplify by combining like terms. Simplify. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Let’s check the answer. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. { }. Substitute −2 for x in the original equation. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation.

Divide both sides by 2. Add and subtract from left to right. Simplify. Parentheses are not needed. 10x − 5x + 27 − 46 = 3x + 32 − 19 5x − 19 = 3x + 13 5x + 19 − 19 = 3x + 19 + 13 5x = 3x + 32 5x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 32 2x = 32 = 2 x = 16 2x 2 32 10(16) + 27 − 5(16) − 46 = 32 + 3(16) − 19 (160) + 27 − (80) − 46 = 32 + (48) − 19 62 Team-LRN . Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Substitute 16 for x in the original equation. therefore. Add 19 to both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property of addition with like terms. Simplify. Subtract 3 from both sides. Simplify. Now subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property 5x + 6x + 3 = 10x − x + 9 11x + 3 = 9x + 9 11x + 3 − 3 = 9x + 9 − 3 11x = 9x + 6 11x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 6 2x = 6 =2 x=3 2x 2 6 187 − 80 − 46 = 80 −19 107 − 46 = 61 61 = 61 The previous statement is true. of addition with like terms. 129. the solution is correct. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify. Simplify. Let’s check this answer.501 Algebra Questions 128. Simplify by multiplying factors.

15 − 0. Use the commutative property with = 1 5 1 5 x= like terms.2x + 17 = 10 + 11 − 0. Simplify the expression. 131. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify.2x 0.15 = 1.15 = 1.15 from both sides of the equation.2x + 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.25 = 1. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 132. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation. Add 0. Identity property of addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property to move 20x − 3x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x + 11 − 11 = 9x + 43 + 11 17x = 9x + 54 17x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 54 8x = 54 = 8 x = 6.8x + 17 = 21 − 0. Add 2x to both sides of the equation. Add 11 to both sides of the equation.15 − 0.501 Algebra Questions 130. Simplify.2x 0.2x 0.15 − 2x 3x + (0) = 1 − 2x 3x = 1 − 2x 3x + 2x = 1 − 2x + 2x 5x = 1 5x 5 8x 8 54 like terms.8x + 17 − 17 = 21 − 17 − 0.8x + 0.2x 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.4 − 0.2x to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.75 3x + 0. Simplify. Use the commutative property to move like terms. Identity property of multiplication.2x 1x = 4 x=4 63 Team-LRN .2x = 4 − 0. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation.8x = 4 − 0. 2x − 1.15 − 2x 3x + 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0.

5x + 1.3 = −x equation.3 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 3x + 0. Use the commutative property with like terms.25) = 1.7 − 2 = 4x + 2 − 2 Combine like terms on each side of the equation.3 = 4x + 2 Combine like terms and simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. 0.3 −x the variable x which is −1. x = 0. Simplify the expression.15 + 2x − 2x (3x + 2x) + 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0. Simplify.7. Identity property of addition.501 Algebra Questions 133.15 + (2x − 2x) 5x + 0.15 = 1.3 = x The answer will be the same. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.7 − 1. 5x − 5x − 0. −1 = −1 Dividing like signs results in a positive.15 − 2x 3x + 2x + 0.7 Combine like terms and simplify the expression. 5x + 2 − 0. As long as you do proper math. Instead of adding 1. Add 2x to both sides of the equation.25 = 1. 5x − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.4 − 0.7 = 4x + 2 − 1.15 − 0.2 5x 5 1 134. 64 Team-LRN . Associate like terms.4 − 0. 5x + 1.15 − 0.15) = 1. try subtracting 2 from both sides of the equation.15 = 1.3 = 4x Now subtract 5x from both sides of the equation.15 from both sides of the equation.7 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression.15 = 1.3 Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation. 5x = 4x + 0. Subtract 0. Associate like terms on each side of the equation. 5x − 4x = 4x − 4x + 0.15 5x + 0.3 Let’s try this a slightly different way. Remove the parentheses. you can manipulate an equation many ways and still get the correct solution.15 5x + 0 = 1 5x = 1 =5 x = 0.3 = 4x − 5x Combine like terms on each side of the −0.7 = 4x + 2 Subtract 1.15 = 1.15 = 1.15 − 2x 3x + (0. 5x + 1.15 − 2x 3x + (0. Use the commutative property with like terms. Now divide both sides by the coefﬁcient of −0.

2x + 0.8x 2.2x + (12 − 12) = (−6 − 12) − 0.8x − 0.2x + 12 − 12 = −6 − 12 − 0. Use the distributive property of 3x − 0.2x + (0) = (−18) − 0.8x 2. Simplify the expression.8x 3x = −18 = 3 x = −6 3x 3 −18 multiplication. Associate like terms on each side of the equation.2x = −18 − 0.4 − 9.8x 2. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation.4) − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.8x to both sides of the equation. Add x to both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms. Simplify the expression. Add 0. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation.8x 2.8x = −18 + 0.8x (3x − 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression.8x) + 12 = (3.4 − 9. 7(x) + 7(2) + 1 = 3(x) + 3(14) − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x + 42 − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x − 4x + 42 7x + 15 = −1x + 42 7x + 15 − 15 = −1x + 42 − 15 7x = −1x + 27 7x + x = x + −1x + 27 8x = 27 8x 8 = x= 27 8 3 38 65 Team-LRN .2x + 12 = −6 − 0. Use the commutative property with like terms.8x + 12 = 3.4 − 0. Associate like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 135. 136.8x 2.8x 2. Identity property of addition.

Add 11x to both sides of the equation. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of 3(5x) + 3(4) = 5x − 28 15x + 12 = 5x − 28 15x + 12 − 12 = 5x − 28 − 12 15x = 5x − 40 15x − 5x = 5x − 5x − 40 10x = −40 = 10 −4 x= 10x 10 −40 multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms. 13x + 3(3) − 3(x) = −3(4) − 3(3x) − 2x 13x + 9 − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 13x − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 10x = −12 − 11x 9 + 10x + 11x = −12 − 11x + 11x 9 + 21x = −12 9 − 9 + 21x = −12 − 9 66 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of 13 − 8(x) − 8(−2) = 7(x) + 7(4) + 46 13 − 8x + 16 = 7x + 28 + 46 13 + 16 − 8x = 7x + 28 + 46 29 − 8x = 7x + 74 29 + 8x − 8x = 8x + 7x + 74 29 = 15x + 74 29 − 74 = 15x + 74 − 74 −45 −45 = 15x 15x = 15 −3 = x 15 multiplication. Simplify the expression. Add 8x to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. 139. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 15. Use the commutative property with like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Simplify the expression. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. 138.501 Algebra Questions 137. Subtract 74 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression.

Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 21. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Add 9x to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 67 Team-LRN . Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Use order of operations. Use the distributive property of 21x = −21 = 21 −1 x= 21x 21 −21 multiplication.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 2(2x) + 2(19) − 9x = 9(13) − 9(x) + 21 4x + 38 − 9x = 117 − 9x + 21 38 + 4x − 9x = 117 + 21 − 9x 38 − 5x = 138 − 9x 38 − 38 − 5x = 138 − 38 − 9x −5x −5x = 100 − 9x + 9x = 100 − 9x + 9x 4x = 100 = 4 x = 25 4x 4 100 2(2(25) + 19) − 9(25) = 9(13 − (25)) + 21 2(50 + 19) − 225 = 9(−12) + 21 2(69) − 225 = −108 + 21 138 − 225 = −87 −87 = −87 The solution is correct. Simplify the expression. 140. Simplify the expression. Subtract 38 from both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms. Simplify the expression.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Reduce fractions to simplest terms. 142. so this solution is correct. 5 5 2 (x) − 2 (2) + 3x = 3(x) + 3(2) 5 2 x − 5 + 3x = 3x + 6 − 10 − 10 68 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions 141. 3 + 3 − Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Simplify the expression. 48 3 − 4 3 = − 3 + 16 4 3 4 Add 4 to both sides of the 3 48 4 equation. Simplify the expression. You can multiply by 4 . Simplify the expression. Operate inside the parentheses ﬁrst. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property =1 5 4 4 ( 5 x) 5 x= 4 = 4 (1) 5 on both sides. Change whole numbers to fractional equivalents. 12x − 4(x) − 4(−1) = 2(x) + 2(−2) + 16 12x − 4x + 4 = 2x − 4 + 16 8x + 4 = 2x + 12 8x + 4 − 4 = 2x + 12 − 4 8x = 2x + 8 8x − 2x = 2x − 2x + 8 6x = 8 6x 6 = 4 3 8 6 x= x = 13 12( 3 ) − 4(( 3 ) − 1) = 2(( 3 ) − 2) + 16 4 4 4 1 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 − 3 ) = 2( 3 − 3 ) + 16 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 ) = 2( 3 ) + 16 4 1 −2 4 4 3 4 6 Multiply. 143. Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. Simplify the equation by adding like terms. = 4 3 − 4 3 + 16 3 5 x = 1 + 3x 3 5 x − 3x = 1 + 3x − 3x 4 5x 4 4 Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation. 16 = 16 A true statement. Remember that division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by the reciprocal 5 of the fraction. 4 Divide both sides of the equation by 5 .

5 2x + 3x − 5 = 3x + 6 − 10 2( 2 x + 3x − 5) = 2(3x + 6 − 10) 2( 2 x) + 2(3x) − 2(5) = 2(3x) + 2(6) − 2(10) 5x + 6x − 10 = 6x + 12 − 20 11x − 10 = 6x − 8 11x − 10 + 10 = 6x − 8 + 10 11x = 6x + 2 11x − 6x = 6x − 6x + 2 5x = 2 5x 5 5 5 = 2 5 2 5 1 1 x= 144. Simplify the expression.9 − 0.2x) 0. Use the distributive property on both sides.2x 0. 0.14x − 0. Add 10 to both sides of the equation. A simple way to avoid having to operate with fractions is to multiply the equation by a factor that will eliminate the denominator. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.7 = 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Subtract 6x from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property on both sides.9 + 0.2 Team-LRN .2x − 0. 6( 2 x) + 6( 2 ) = 3(x) + 3(1) 3x + 3 = 3x + 3 3x + 3 − 3 = 3x + 3 − 3 3x = 3x 3x 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Simplify the expression.2.3(0.06x 0.9 − 0.14x + 0.7 to both sides of the equation. Simplify the expressions. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. that would be a 2.7(0. Use the distributive property. In this case. 3 = 3 Simplify the expression.06x − 0. 145. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.6x + 0.7(1) = 0.2x = 1.7 = 0.2x) − 0.2 1. Simplify the expression. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation.06x to both sides of the equation.7 = 0.6 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property with like terms.2x − 0. Add 0. Add 0. x=x There are an inﬁnite number of solutions for this equation. Simplify the expression.06x 0.6 = x=8 69 0. Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.9 0.3(3) − 0.7 0.7 = 0.7 + 0.

3(3x) + 3(4) − 7 = 13(x) + 13(1) 9x + 12 − 7 = 13x + 13 9x + 5 = 13x + 13 9x − 9x + 5 = 13x − 9x + 13 5 = 4x + 13 5 − 13 = 4x + 13 − 13 −8 −8 148. 4(9) − 4(x) = 2x − 6(x) − 6(6) Simplify the expressions. Simplify the expressions. There is no solution for this equation. x=x The solutions for this equation are inﬁnite. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 147. Simplify the expression. 36 − 4x = 2x − 6x − 36 Combine like terms. Another way of saying this is to say that the solution for this equation is the null set. = 4x 4x = 4 −2 = x 4 70 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3x + 27 − 27 = 3x + 27 − 27 Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 10x − 7x + 20 + 7 = 3x + 27 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 36 − 4x = −4x − 36 Add 4x to both sides of the equation. 10(x) + 10(2) + 7(1) − 7(x) = 3(x) + 3(9) Simplify the expression. Subtract 13 from both sides of the equation. 10x + 20 + 7 − 7x = 3x + 27 Use the commutative property with like terms. 3x = 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3.501 Algebra Questions 146. 3x + 27 = 3x + 27 Looking familiar? Subtract 27 from both sides. 36 + 4x − 4x = 4x − 4x − 36 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 36 = −36 This is not true. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 4.

Subtract 11x from both sides of the equation. 8x + 115 = 35 − 2x Subtract 115 from both sides of the equation. 8(x + 20) − 45 = 7(5 + x) − 9x Use the distributive property again.5] = 10[0. 8x + 115 − 115 = 35 − 115 − 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8(x + 20)] − 10[4.8(x + 20) − 4. 8x = −80 − 2x Add 2x to both sides of the equation. Subtract 40 from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 149. 8x + 2x = −80 − 2x + 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 8x + 160 − 45 = 35 + 7x − 9x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 7(x) − 7(10) + 110 = 4(x) − 4(25) + 7x 7x − 70 + 110 = 4x − 100 + 7x 7x + 40 = 11x − 100 7x + 40 − 40 = 11x − 100 − 40 7x = 11x − 140 7x − 11x = 11x − 11x − 140 −4x −4x −4 = −140 −140 = −4 x = 35 150.7(5 + x) − 0. 10 = 10 Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.7(5 + x)] − 10[0. If you multiply the equation by 10. 10x = −80 Divide both sides of the −80 10x equation by 10. 8(x) + 8(20) − 45 = 7(5) + 7(x) − 9x Simplify the expressions. You should look for opportunities to simplify your work.9x] Use the distributive property of multiplication. 10[0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. it might make it easier for you.5] = 10[0. Simplify the expressions. x = −8 71 Team-LRN . 10[0. Simplify the expressions. Divide both sides of the equation by −4. many of the terms are in decimal form. In this equation.9x] Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.

These word problems require you to ﬁnd an unknown value in a formula. Algebra is a useful skill to know when faced with problems in these areas. you will generally be given values for all but one. h = height. science. Select from these formulas the appropriate one to solve the following word problems: Volume of a rectangular solid: V = lwh where l = length. Keep in mind the rules for order of operations. 7 Tips for Using Formulas to Solve Equations Given a formula with several variables. You will be using your algebra problem solving skills in every problem. or technology. social studies. Put a question mark next to the equal sign in place of the value for the unknown variable. In this chapter.Using Formulas to Solve Equations Chances are you have been asked to use formulas to solve problems in math. Team-LRN . It can be helpful to list each variable with its given value. w = width. you will have the chance to solve word problems that could pop up in any one of these subject areas. Then you will be asked to solve the equation for the missing variable.

A rectangular container has a volume of 98 ft3. and the surface area of one side was 7. A trapezoid with an area of 240 square inches has a height of 12 inches. At an interest rate of 6%. If the length of the box is 7 ft.5 hours.5 ft. if the lower base is three times the length of the upper? 73 Team-LRN . A ﬂight from Miami to Aruba takes 3. 151. They planned to hike 6 hours per day and wanted to complete a trail chapter that was 45 miles long. What rate of speed would they have to average to complete the trail chapter as planned? 156. Fahrenheit/Celsius equivalence: C = 9 (F − 32) Volume of a cylinder: V = πr 2h (let π = 3. How far is it from Miami to Aruba? 154.620. and its width is 3. how much interest would $12. A bicycle tour group planned to travel 68 miles between two New England towns. Find the volume of a rectangular solid whose length is 12 cm.14) where r = radius and h = height Surface area of a cylinder: S = 2πr (r + h) where r = radius of the base. A hiking group wanted to travel along a chapter of the Appalachian Trail for 3 days. 152. What is the area of a trapezoid whose height is 8 cm and whose bases are 12 cm and 16 cm? 161. What would be the height of a trapezoidal building if at its base it measured 80 feet. In order to earn $1. An airplane ﬂies at an average velocity of 350 miles per hour. Over a three year period.000 savings account to double its value at a simple interest rate of 10%? 160. How long would the trip take if they averaged 17 miles per hour for the trip? 155.000 earn over 2 years? 157. Simple interest: I = prt where p = principal. h = height of cylinder (let π = 3. t = time. What are the lengths of the bases. and height is 4 cm. Area of a trapezoid: A = 2 h(b1 + b2) where h = height and b1 and b2 are the bases.000 in interest over 2 years at an annual rate of 4%.14). How long will it take for a $3. width is 9 5 1 cm. how much principal must be put into a savings account? 159. the total interest paid on a $4.500 loan was $1.200 ft2? 162.501 Algebra Questions Distance formula: D = rt where r = rate. what is its height? 153. What was the interest rate? 158. t = time in years. its rooﬂine measured 40 feet. r = interest rate.

A cylinder has a surface area of 2. The volume of a cylindrical aquarium tank is 13. What is its surface area? 169. Find the radius and the height of the cylinder. The height of the cylinder is three times the radius of the base of the cylinder. What is the height of a cylinder whose surface area is 282. Find the radius of a cylinder whose volume is 339. A steel drum has a base with a radius of 2 feet and a height of 4 feet. 167. What would Jeff ’s low temperature limit be in that country? (Round your answer to the nearest degree. 74 Team-LRN . What is its volume in cubic feet? 166. The radius of the base of a cylinder is 20 cm. He is going to a country where the temperature is reported in Celsius.6 square inches and whose radius is 3 inches? 170. Jeff won’t play golf if the temperature falls below 50° Fahrenheit. what is its height to the nearest foot? 168.565 cubic feet.512 square feet.12 cubic centimeters and whose height is 12 centimeters. What would that temperature be on the Fahrenheit scale? 164. If its radius is 12 feet.) 165. You plan to visit a tropical island where the daytime temperature can reach 45° Celsius. The height of the cylinder is 40 cm.501 Algebra Questions 163.

List the values for the variables. D = rt D=? r = 350 t = 3. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.5 4=h h = 4 feet 98 24. Divide both sides of the equation by 24.5h = 24. Write the applicable formula. or [ ]. Substitute the values for the variables.5 24. Substitute the values into the formula.5 D = (350)(3. Include the units. Simplify the expression.5)h 98 = 24. Include the units.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.5h List the values for the variables. Write the appropriate formula.5.5) D = 1. ( ). perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Regardless of what symbol is used.225 D = 1. Write the applicable formula. { }. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Simplify the expression. The simpliﬁed result is underlined. 152. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Include the units. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.5 h=? 98 = (7)(3. Substitute the values into the formula.225 miles 75 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. List the values for the variables. 153. 151. V = lwh V=? l = 12 cm w = 9 cm h = 4 cm V = (12)(9)(4) V = 432 V = 432 cm3 V = lwh V = 98 l=7 w = 3. Simplify the expression.

Write the applicable formula. Write the applicable formula. 158. Divide both sides of the equation by 18.000 p=? r = 4% t=2 76 1620 13500 13. Simplify the expression.12 = r 12% = r I = prt I = 1. Simplify the expression.500 r=? t=3 1.620 = 13. 157. List the values for the variables. 155. Write the applicable formula. Express as a percent. Include the units. Substitute the values for the variables. Divide both sides of the equation by 17. Divide both sides of the equation by 13.500r List the values for the variables. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.5 = r 45 18 18r 68 17 17t List the values for the variables.620 p = 4. List the values for the variables. Calculate the total number of hours.000 r = 6% t=2 I = (12.5 miles per hour = r I = prt I=? p = 12. Team-LRN .440 I = prt I = 1.500r = 13.000)(0. Write the applicable formula.06)(2) I = 1. Substitute the given values into the formula.500)r (3) 1. Include the units. List the values for the variables. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 154.620 = (4. Simplify the expression. Include the units. Write the applicable formula.500 0. 156. 2. Simplify the expression.500.440 I = $1. t = 18 45 = r (18) 45 = 18r = 18 2. D = rt D = 68 r = 17 t=? 68 = (17)t 68 = 17t = 17 4=t 4 hours = t D = rt D = 45 r=? 6 hrs 3 days · day = 18 hrs.

501 Algebra Questions Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.08 12. the account would have to earn $3. 159.200 = 2 · h · (40 + 80) 7.000 r = 10% t=? 3. Divide both sides of the equation by 300.200 = 2 · h · 120 7. Include the units. · 8 · (12 + 16) · 8 · 28 Include the units.000 in interest. Simplify the expression.200 60 60h 1 1 List the values for the variables. I = 3.000 = 300t = 300 10 = t 10 years = t A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A=? b1 = 12 b2 = 16 h=8 A= A= 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 3.04)(2) 1. Write the applicable formula.500 = p I = prt 1. 77 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression.000 = (3.000 = p(0. Simplify the expression.08p = 0.10)t 3.000 = 0. Substitute the given values into the formula.000 300 300t List the values for the variables.000 p = 3. Simplify the expression.000)(0. A = · 224 A = 112 A = 112 cm2 A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 7.08p To double its value.08. 160.500 = p $12.000 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 60. 1. List the values for the variables.08 0. Substitute the given values into the formula. Include the units. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Write the applicable formula.200 b1 = 40 b2 = 80 h=? 1 7. Simplify the expression. Include the units. Write the applicable formula.200 = 60 h = 60 120 = h 120 ft = h 7. 161. Simplify the expression.

163. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Substitute 10 for x in the list of variables. C = 9 (F − 32) C=? F = 50 C = 9 (50 − 32) C = 9 (18) C = 9( 1 ) C = 10 5 18 5 5 78 Team-LRN . Multiply both sides of the equation by 9. · 12 · (x + 3x) 240 = · 12 · 4x 240 = 6 · 4x 240 = 24x = 24 10 = x b = 10 b2 = 3(10) b2 = 30 C = 9 (F − 32) C = 45 F=? 45 = 9 (F − 32) 5 9(45) = 9[ 9 (F − 32)] 405 = 5(F − 32) 405 = 5F − 5(32) 405 = 5F − 160 405 + 160 = 5F + 160 − 160 565 = 5F = 5 113 = F 5 565 5 5F 5 5 240 24 24x Divide both sides of the equation by 24. 164. Substitute the given values into the formula.501 Algebra Questions 162. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Write the applicable formula. Add 160 to both sides of the equation. List the values for the variables. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 240 b1 = x b2 = 3x h = 12 240 = 1 2 1 2 1 Substitute the given values into the formula. Write the applicable formula.

14)(2)2(4) V = 50.14)(12 2)h 13. 167.12 = (3. V = πr2h V=? r=2 h=4 π = 3.12 r=? h = 12 π = 3.565 r = 12 h=? π = 3. 166. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 452. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression.68.16 = 452.24 ft3 V = πr2h V = 339. Include the units.16.16h 452. Simplify the expression.24 V = 50.536 cm2 79 Team-LRN .16 List the values for the variables.14 S = 2(3. List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression. Include the units.565 452. Write the applicable formula. Substitute the given values into the formula.16h 30 = h 30 feet = h 13.68 List the values for the variables.536 S = 7.14 13. S = 2πr (r + h) S=? r = 20 h = 40 π = 3. Simplify the expression.14 339. Substitute the given values into the formula.565 = (3.12 = 37. = 37.14)(20)(20 + 40) S = 7.501 Algebra Questions 165.14)r2(12) 339.565 = 452. Write the applicable formula. Divide both sides of the equation by 37.68 r2 9 = r2 3=r 3 cm = r 339. V = πr2h V = 13.14 V = (3. Substitute the given values into the formula. 168. Substitute the given values into the formula.68r2 37.68 List the values for the variables. Include the units.12 37. Include the units.

Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.12x2 Substitute the given values into the formula.84 Substitute the given values into the formula.512 25. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula.84 h 282.6 = 18. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 2. Solve for x.28 x(4 x) = 25.52 − 56.12 100 = x2 10 = x 2.84 List the values for the variables.84(h) 282.52 + 18.512 r=x h = 3x π = 3.12. Write the applicable formula.6 = 18. r = x = 10 feet h = 3x = 3(10) = 30 feet 80 Team-LRN .84(3 + h) 282. = 12 = h 12 in = h 8. Divide both sides of the equation by 25. Use the distributive property of multiplication.84(3) + 18. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 282.08 = 18. 170. Simplify the expression. Include the units.84h 18.512 = 2(3. List the values for the variables.14)(3)(3 + h) 282. Divide both sides of the equation by 18.52 from both sides of the equation.84.12 25.84h 226.52 = 56.6 r=3 h=? π = 3.501 Algebra Questions 169.6 = 56.84 226. Simplify the expression.512 = 6. Subtract 56. Substitute the value for x into the values list.14)(x)(x + 3 x) 2.52 + 18.6 = 2(3.14 2. Simplify the expression.6 − 56.14 282.08 18.

8 Tips for Graphing Linear Equations ■ Rewrite the given equation in the form y = mx + b. the m value is a number that represents the slope of the solution graph and the b is a number that represents the y-intercept. Team-LRN . The slope of a line is the ratio of the change in the y value over the change in the x value from one point on the solution graph to another. Another way of saying that is: The y-intercept is the place where the value of x is 0.Graphing Linear Equations This chapter asks you to ﬁnd solutions to linear equations by graphing. From one point to another. we will focus on the slope and yintercept method. The slope and y-intercept method may require you to change an equation into the slope-intercept form. You select a value for x and solve for the y value. But in this chapter. Written in this form. the equation with two variables must be written in the form y = mx + b. That is. One method for graphing the solution is to use a table with x and y values that are solutions for the particular equation. Every point on the line is a solution for the equation. the slope is the rise over the run. The solution of a linear equation is the set of ordered pairs that form a line on a coordinate graph. The y-intercept is the point where the solution graph (line) crosses the y-axis.

7x = 4y + 8 191. For example. 6y + 13x = 12 82 Team-LRN . not both. x − 3y = 15 182. If the value of m is negative. y − 0.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ Use the b value to determine where the line crosses the y-axis. Write the slope as a fraction. 0 = 2x + 3y 186. 20x − 15 = 5y 192. y − 2x = 4 177. y − 2 x = 3 2 179. − 4 = 4 = −4 . y = 2 x − 3 176. The value of m is = change in x . use a negative sign in only the numerator 3 3 −3 or the denominator. 2 3y − 5 6x − 1 2x 1 3y =0 =2 190. That is the point (0. If the value of m is a whole number. y + 3x = −2 178. −5x 3 5 1 1 − y = −2 7 184. the slope is the whole change in y number over 1. 2y + 4x = 10 181. 2x + 5y = 30 180. Graph the following equations using the slope and y-intercept method. y = 4 x − 1 175. y = 5x − 2 173. 3x + 9y = −27 183. 171. Use the value of m as the slope of the equation. y = 2x + 3 172. 189. 3x + 12y = −18 187. b). y = −2x + 6 174.4x = −2 188. x = 7y − 14 185.

Write an equation to represent the cost of one day’s rental.7y + 1. −34x + 85 = 17y 195. Write an equation to represent a diver’s cost for one week of diving at the resort. A recent backyard bird count showed that one out of every six birds that visited backyard feeders was a chickadee. 200. Write an equation that would represent the monthly bill of a user. That is. 198. A scooter rental agency charges $20 per day plus $0. 0.1x = 0. Write an equation to represent this ratio. 83 Team-LRN . for every 25 feet it moves parallel to the ground. 196. it will lose 1 foot of altitude. An Internet service provider charges $15 plus $0.05 per mile for the rental of a motor scooter. 197. A glider has a 25:1 descent ratio when there are no updrafts to raise its altitude. 199. use the slope/y-intercept method to write an equation that would enable you to draw a graphic solution for each problem.4 194. A dive resort rents scuba equipment at a weekly rate of $150 per week and charges $8 per tank of compressed air used during the week of diving.25 per hour of usage per month.501 Algebra Questions 193. Write an equation to represent the glider’s descent from an altitude of 200 feet. 6y + 27x = −42 For the following problems.

171. (0 + 1. b=3 A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Regardless of what symbol is used. or [ ]. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.5). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5) (0. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.3) x 84 Team-LRN . Once a single number appears within these parentheses. { }. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 2 change in y (1.3 + 2) or (1. ( ). it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.3).

(0 + 1.−2) 85 Team-LRN .−2 + 5) or (1.501 Algebra Questions 172.3) x (0.3). A change in y of 5 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 5 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = −2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 5 change in y (1.−2).

4). 2 change in y (0. b = 6.6). A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4) x 86 Team-LRN .6 − 2) or (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 173. (0 + 1.6) (1.

2).−1) 87 Team-LRN . b = −1.−1 + 3) or (4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 174. 3 change in y (4. (0 + 4.−1). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2) x (0.

b = −3.−3 + 5) or (2.501 Algebra Questions 175.−3).2) x (0. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 5 change in y (2. (0 + 2.−3) 88 Team-LRN .2). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

Put the equation in the proper form. 2 change in y (1. Simplify the equation. Add 2x to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 176. (0 + 1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.6). A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 2x − 2 x = 2x + 4 y = 2x + 4 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4 + 2) or (1.4).4) x 89 Team-LRN . b = 4.6) (0.

Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation. b = −2. Put the equation in the proper form.−5) 90 Team-LRN . (0 + 1. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 3x − 3x = − 3x − 2 y = − 3x − 2 m = −3 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2) (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2).−5). 3 change in y x (0.−2 − 3) or (1. Simplify the equation.501 Algebra Questions 177.

Add 2 x to both sides of the equation.4 2 ).3 2 ). Put the equation in the proper form. Simplify the equation. A change in y of 1 and in x of 2 gives the point y 1 y + 2x − 2x = 2x + 32 y = 2x + 32 m = 2 = change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0.3 2 + 1) or (2. 1 1 1 change in y 1 1 1 1 1 1 (2. 1 b = 32.4 ) (0. (0 + 2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 178.3 ) x 91 Team-LRN .

4).6 − 2) or (5. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form.501 Algebra Questions 179.6) (5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of −2 and in x of 5 gives the point y 2x − 2x + 5y = −2x + 30 5y = −2x + 30 5y 5 = y= y= (−2x + 30) 5 −2x 30 5 + 5 −2 5x + 6 −2 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 5.6). Divide both sides of the equation by 5. b = 6. change in y (0. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation.4) x 92 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation.

Put the equation in the proper form.5) (1.5).5 − 2) or (1.501 Algebra Questions 180. Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation. (0 + 1. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 2y + 4x − 4x = −4x + 10 2y = −4x + 10 2y 2 = y= y = −2x + 5 (−4x + 10) 2 −4x 10 2 + 2 m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3).3) x 93 Team-LRN . b = 5. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 2 change in y (0. Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation.

Put the equation in the proper form. = (3)(1) = 3 · 1 = 3 x The equation is equivalent to the proper form.−5). Simplify the equation. b = −5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−4). A change in y of 1 and in x of 3 gives the point y x 3 (1)(x) 1 x 1 x − 3y + 3y = 15 + 3y x = 15 + 3y x − 15 = 15 − 15 + 3y x − 15 = 3y (x − 15) 3y = 3 3 x 15 3 − 3 =y x 3 −5=y 1 3x − 5 = y y = 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation. 1 change in y 1 x (3.−5) 94 Team-LRN . Add 3y to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. (0 + 3.−4) (0.−5 + 1) or (3. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 181.

−3 − 1) or (3.−3). Put the equation in the proper form. Subtract x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation.501 Algebra Questions 182. Simplify the equation. −4).−3) (3. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. b = −3. x (0. A change in y of −1 and in x of 3 gives the point y (−x − 9) 3 −x 9 −3 3 −x −9 3 − 3 −1 3x − 3 1 change in y m = − 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. = −9 x + 3y = −9 x − x + 3y = −x − 9 3y = −x − 9 3y 3 (3x + 9y) 3 3x 9y + 3 3 = −27 3 = y= y= y= The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 3. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 3.−4) 95 Team-LRN .

1 (0.3 ) x (1. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Put the equation in the proper form. Add 5x to both sides of the equation. (0 + 1.501 Algebra Questions 183.3 2 − 5) or (1. b = 2 = 32.−1 2 ).3 2 ). Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation. A change in y of −5 and in x of 1 gives the point of y 7 1 5x − 5x − y = 5x − −y 7 2 = 5x − 7 2 7 −1(−y) = −1(5x − 2 ) 7 2 5 change in y change in x 1 y = −5x + m = −5 = − 1 = 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0.−1 ) 96 Team-LRN .

2) x 97 Team-LRN . b = 2.3) (0.3). x + 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 x + 14 = 7y (x + 14) 7y = 7 7 x 7 +2=y 1 7x + 2 = y 1 y = 7x + 2 The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2 + 1) or (7. Simplify the equation. (0 + 7.2). 1 change in y (7. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add 14 to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 184. Put the equation in the proper form. Simplify the equation.

There is no b showing in the equation. Put the equation in the proper form.−2).0).501 Algebra Questions 185.0) (3. Simplify the equation. Subtract 3y from both sides of the equation. (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of −2 and in x of 3 gives the point y −3y −3y −3 0 − 3y = 2x + 3y − 3y = 2x = 2x −3 −2x 3 2 change in y change in x y= m = −3 = The y-intercept is at the point (0.0 − 2) or (3.−2) x 98 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by −3. so b = 0. (0 + 3. Simplify the equation.

b = −3. Put the equation in the proper form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2 2 ). Simplify the equation.−2 ) 99 Team-LRN .−1 2 ). Simplify the equation. 1 1 x (0. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. 2 A change in y of −1 and in x of 4 gives the point y = −6 x + 4y = −6 x − x + 4y = − x − 6 4y = − x − 6 4y 4 (3x + 12y) 3 3x 12y + 3 3 = −18 3 = y= y= (−x − 6) 4 −x 6 −4 4 −1x − 11 4 2 −1 m= 4 = change in y change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0.−1 ) (4. (0 + 4.−1 2 − 1) or (4. Subtract x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation.501 Algebra Questions 186.

−2 + 2) or (5.−2) x 100 Team-LRN . 4 2 change in y (5.0) (0. Add 0.4 = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = −2.−2).501 Algebra Questions 187.4x to both sides of the equation.4x − 2 m = 0. A change in y of 2 and in x of 5 gives the point y y + 0. (0 + 5.4x − 2 y = 0. Put the equation in the proper form.4x − 0. Simplify the equation.0). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4x = 0.

501 Algebra Questions 188. Put the equation in the proper form.

Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Multiply both sides of the 3 equation by 2 . Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

1

2 3y 2 3y

− 2x + 2x = 0 + 2x = 2x

1

1

1

1

3 2 3 1 2 ( 3 )y = 2 ( 2 x) 3 1y = 4 x 3 y = 4x

m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,0). (0 + 4,0 + 3) or (4,3).

3

change in y

(4,3) x

(0,0)

101

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 189. Simplify the equation. It would be easier to operate with an equation that

doesn’t have fractional coefﬁcients. So if you multiply the whole equation by the lowest common multiple of the denominators, you will have whole numbers with coefﬁcients. Multiply both sides of the 5 1 equation by 6. 6( 6 x − 3 y) = 6(2) Use the distributive 5 1 property of multiplication. 6( 6 x) − 6( 3 y) = 6(2) Simplify the equation. 5x − 2y = 12 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. 5x − 5x − 2y = −5x + 12 −2y = −5x + 12 Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the −2y −5x 12 equation by −2. − 2 = − 2 + −2 Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −6. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point

y

**y = 2x − 6 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−6). (0 + 2,−6 + 5) or (2,−1).
**

5 change in y

5

x (2,−1)

(0,−6)

102

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 190. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2. A change in y of 7 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

7x − 8 = 4y + 8 − 8 7x − 8 = 4y 4y = 7x − 8

4y 4

=

7

7x 4

−

8 4

**y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2). (0 + 4,−2 + 7) or (4,5).
**

7 change in y

(4,5)

x (0,−2)

103

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 191. Exchange the terms on each side

of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −3. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

y

5y = 20x − 15 = 5 − y = 4x − 3

4 5y 5 20x 15 5

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−3). (0 + 1,−3 + 4) or (1,1).

change in y

(1,1) x

(0,−3)

104

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 192. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 13x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −13 and in x of 6 gives the point

y

18 16 14 12 10 8 6

**6y + 13x − 13x = −13x + 12 6y = −13x + 12
**

6y 6

=

−13x

y=

6 −13 6 x

−13

+

12 6

+2

change in y

m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 6,2 − 13) or (6,−11).

2 −18 −16 −14 −12 −10 −8 −6 −4 −2 −2 −4 −6 −8 −10 −12 −14 −16 −18

(0,2)

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18

x

(6,−11)

105

Team-LRN

x = 7y + 14 Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation.−2) 106 Team-LRN .4) Simplify the expression.−2 + 1) or (7. you could multiply the whole equation by 10. A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y y = 7x − 2 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.1x) = 10(0. Once again. Multiply both sides of the equation by 10.501 Algebra Questions 193. then b = a.7y + 1. x − 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 Simplify the equation.−1). 1 change in y 1 x (7. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 10(0. 7y = x − 14 Divide both sides of the x 7y 14 equation by 7. x − 14 = 7y If a = b. (0 + 7. if it would be easier for you to operate with whole number coefﬁcients instead of decimals to start.−2).−1) (0. 7 = 7 − 7 Simplify the equation. b = −2.

b = 5. (0 + 1.501 Algebra Questions 194.3). change in y (0.5 − 2) or (1.5). Divide both sides of the equation by 17.5) (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3) x 107 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 17y = −34x + 85 = 17 + y = −2x + 5 −2 17y 17 −34x 85 17 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign.

Let x = horizontal movement. Add −27x to both sides of the equation.−7 + 9) or (−2. (0 − 2. Descending is in the negative.−7) 196. Simplify the equation. A change in y of 9 and in x of −2 gives the point y y= y= 27x 42 6 − 6 −27 6 x−7 2 x−7 9 change in y m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The change in position of the glider is described by the slope. Put the equation in the proper form. b = − 7. The change in y is −1 for every change change in y Slope = change in x = in x of +25. −9 (−2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. 6y + 27x − 27x = −27x − 42 6y = −27x − 42 6y 6 =− −9 Simplify the equation.2) x (0. Let y = vertical movement. Forward is in the positive direction. Simplify the coefﬁcient of x by a common factor of 3.501 Algebra Questions 195.−7). −1 25 =m 108 Team-LRN . Ascending is in the positive direction.2).

The costs for the month will equal $15 plus the $. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the weekly charge for gear rental plus 8 times the number of tanks used. Written as an equation. you substitute the given values into the −1 formula.200) 25 197. Written as an equation. or + 200. Let y = the cost of a scooter rental for one day.25x + 15 =4 (0. b = 200 Using the standard form y = mx + b.501 Algebra Questions The starting position for the purposes of this graphic solution is at an altitude of 200 ft.15) 25 100 1 Let x = the number of miles driven in one day. this would be The graph would have a y-intercept at (0. this information would be as follows: A graph of this equation would have a slope of 0.05x + 20 5 100 = 1 20 Let x = the number of tanks used during the week. y = 0. y = 25 x + 200 A graph of this equation would have a slope of − 1 and the y-intercept would be at (0. An equation that represents the statement would be: 6 The y-intercept is (0.20) and the slope would be 199.05 times the number of miles driven. Let y = the number of birds that visited a backyard feeder. y = 8x + 150 Let x = the number of chickadees that visited the feeder.25 or The y-intercept would be at 198. 200. A formula that would represent this information would be: The y-intercept would be at (0.150) and the 8 slope = 8 = 1 .0) and the slope = 6 = 1 . y = 6x 109 Team-LRN . y = 0. Let y = the total cost for equipment. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the daily charges plus the 0. Let y = the amount of a monthly bill. Let x = the hours of Internet use for the month.25 times the number of hours of use. So.

9 Solving Inequalities If you compare Chapter 9 to Chapter 6. Look at the tips below to see what makes solving inequalities different from solving equalities. multiply both sides by the least common multiple of the denominators and work with whole numbers. The methods and procedures you use are virtually the same. In this chapter. and the result will be your solution. Tips for Solving Inequalities ■ ■ Keep the inequality symbol facing the same way when you perform an addition or subtraction to both sides of the inequality. But remember to change the direction of the inequality when you multiply or divide by a negative factor. you will ﬁnd only a few differences between solving inequalities and solving equalities. there will be twenty-ﬁve inequalities so you can practice your solving skills. Your goal is to isolate the variable on one side of the inequality. Keep the symbol facing the same way when you multiply or divide by a positive factor. When you have fractional coefﬁcients or terms in an equality or inequality. If the Team-LRN .

−x 0. Solve the following inequalities.9 + x + 2) < −5x 1 219. 221. 3(1 − 3x) ≥ −3 (x + 27) 223.29 > 0. 3(4 − 5x) < x − 116 210. 11(1 − x) ≥ 3(3 − x) − 1 225. 201. −6(x + 1) ≥ 60 209. −4x 217. 4x + 26 ≥ 90 205. 3x + 2 < 14 202. 4x − 6 > 30 203.501 Algebra Questions coefﬁcients and/or terms are decimals. 3 2x < – 4 (x + 2) 1 2 3 + 0. 3(x − 16) − 2 < 9(x − 2) − 7x 111 Team-LRN . 4(x + 1) < 5(x + 2) 211. −5[9 224. 2x + 0.1 ≥ 0. 2 5x ≤ 18 204. 8 − 6x < 50 206. 3x − 10 ≤ -3 207. x − 218.79 208. 214.2 4 3x ≤ 20 −5>x−2 + 3(x + 5) ≥ 3(x + 2) 3 4 215. x − 4 3 < 9 + 3 x 220. −7(x 5 4 (x + 4) > 2 (x + 8) − 8 + (x − 4)] ≥ 2(13 − x) 222. 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x + 10) 216. 2(7x − 3) ≥ −2(5 + 3x) 212. 16x − 1 < 4(6 − x) 213. multiply by multiples of ten until you have whole numbers to work with.

perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Simplify the inequality. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. { }. 201. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. 202. Divide both sides of the inequality by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. 5 4x − 6 + 6 > 30 + 6 4x > 36 > 4 x>9 4x 4 36 Simplify. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Simplify. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. (1)x ≤ 45 x ≤ 45 204. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2 . Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify the inequality. Regardless of what symbol is used. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 205. 203. or [ ].501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. Underlined inequalities show the simpliﬁed result. ( ). 8 − 8 − 6x < 50 − 8 −6x < 42 > −6 x > −7 −6 −6x 42 112 Team-LRN . Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 5 2 5 2 ( 5 )x ≤ 2 (18) 10 5 18 ( 10 )x ≤ 2 ( 1 ) Simplify. Simplify. 4x + 26 − 26 ≥ 90 − 26 4x ≥ 64 ≥ 4 x ≥ 16 4x 4 64 Simplify the inequality. 3x + 2 − 2 < 14 − 2 3x < 12 < 3 x<4 3x 3 12 Simplify the inequality. Simplify.

Add 15x to both sides of the inequality. Add 116 to both sides of the inequality. ≤ −6 x + 1 ≤ −10 −6 −6(x + 1) 60 x + 1 − 1 ≤ −10 − 1 x ≤ −11 3(4) − 3(5x) < x − 116 12 − 15x < x − 116 12 − 15x + 15x < x + 15x − 116 12 < 16x − 116 12 + 116 < 16x − 116 + 116 128 < 16x < 8<x 128 16 16x 16 209. Subtract 0. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify the inequality.50 > 2 x > 0.25 2x 2 0.29 from both sides of the 1 inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 16. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify. Simplify the expressions.79 − 0.29 − 0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3x − 10 + 10 ≤ − 3 + 10 3x ≤ 7 3x 3 Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. 208. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions 206. 113 Team-LRN . Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.29 > 0.50 by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Add 10 to both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality 2x + 0. ≤ 7 3 7 3 x≤ x ≤ 23 207.29 2x > 0. Simplify. Simplify the inequality. Subtract 1 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify.

212. 213. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. Reduce the fraction to lowest terms. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of 4(x) + 4(1) < 5(x) + 5(2) 4x + 4 < 5x + 10 4x + 4 − 4 < 5x + 10 − 4 4x < 5x + 6 −x 4x − 5x < 5x − 5x + 6 <6 > −1(6) x > −6 −1(−x) multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Subtract 4 from both sides of the inequality. Add 1 to both sides of the inequality. Add 6x to both sides of the inequality. Add 4x to both sides of the inequality. 211. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20. Simplify. Simplify.2(20) −x −x inequality by 0. Simplify.2. Multiply both sides of the < 25 20 1 x < 14 0.2( 0.2 ) ≤ 0. 114 ≤4 Team-LRN . Combine like terms. Simplify and express the fraction in simplest terms. Simplify the expressions. Simplify the inequality. Simplify. Use the distributive property of 2(7x) − 2(3) ≥ −2(5) − 2(3x) 14x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x 14x + 6x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x + 6x 20x − 6 ≥ − 10 20x − 6 + 6 ≥ −10 + 6 20x ≥ −4 20x 20 ≥ − 20 4 4 x ≥ − 20 −1 x≥ 5 16x − 1 < 4(6) − 4(x) 16x − 1 < 24 − 4x 16x − 1 + 1 < 1 + 24 − 4x 16x < 25 − 4x 16x + 4x < 25 − 4x + 4x 20x < 25 20x 20 multiplication. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 210. Subtract 5x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions on both sides. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

215. Add 2x to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Simplify. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Combine like terms. Subtract 1x from both sides of the inequality. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Use the distributive property of 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x) − 2(10) 3x + 5 ≥ −2x − 20 3x + 5 − 5 ≥ −2x − 20 −5 3x ≥ −2x − 25 3x + 2x ≥ 2x − 2x − 25 5x ≥ −25 −25 5x 5 ≥ 5 x≥−5 −4x −4x multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Combine like terms. + 3(x) + 3(5) ≥ 3(x) + 3(2) + 3x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 (−4x + 3x) + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 -x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 x − x + 15 ≥ x + 3x + 6 15 ≥ 4x + 6 15 − 6 ≥ 4x + 6 − 6 9 ≥ 4x 9 4 9 4 ≥ 4x 4 ≥x ≥x 1 24 115 Team-LRN . Simplify the expressions. Simplify the expressions. 214. Simplify. Add x to both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 5.501 Algebra Questions Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Use the distributive property of 3( 3 x) > 3(3) x>9 3 1 1 ( 3 x) 1 > 3 (3) multiplication. Simplify the expressions. 216. Combine like terms. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Add 5 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Express the fraction in its simplest form. x≥ 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 1 3x −1(−x) −4 ≥ −1(4) −5+5>x−2+5 >x+3 −x>x−x+3 − 3x > x − x + 3 >3 3 Simplify. Simplify. Simplify.

Combine like terms and simplify. 218.8 + 1 2 x ≥ 0. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4. Subtract 0. Combine like terms. Simplify.1 − 0. + 0. Add 3x to both sides of the equation. Simplify. Simplify the terms. Add 3 to both sides of the inequality.6 x− 13 3 < 9 + 3x 13 3) 2 Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 217. Divide both sides of the inequality by 7.8) x ≥ 1. Simplify the expressions. Sure. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2. Use the distributive property of multiplication. You can simplify equations (and inequalities) with fractions by multiplying them by a common multiple of the denominators. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3(x − < 3(9 + 3 x) 2 2 3(x) − 3( 3 ) < 3(9) + 3( 3 x) 3x − 13 < 27 + 2x 3x − 13 + 13 < 13 + 27 + 2x 3x < 40 + 2x 3x − 2x < 40 + 2x − 2x x < 40 13 116 Team-LRN . Add 13 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions.8 + x x−x 3 2 x − x ≥ 0.1 + x ≥ 0.1 from both sides of the 4(x − 4 ) < 4( 4 (x + 2)) 4(x) − 4( 4 ) < 4( 4 )(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x) −3(2) 4x − 3 < −3x − 6 4x − 3 + 3 < −3x − 6 + 3 4x < − 3x − 3 3x + 4x < 3x − 3x − 3 7x < −3 7x 7 3 −3 3 −3 < −3 7 x< 3 2x 3 2x −3 7 inequality.1 ≥ 0.9 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. but it can be easier to operate with whole numbers until the last step. 219. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication.8 1 2( 2 x) ≥ 2(0. Combine like terms. you have a fraction for an answer. Change the term to an improper fraction.

Simplify. Add 81 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Simplify the terms.501 Algebra Questions 220. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. 4 Multiply both sides by 3 3 (the reciprocal of 4 ). Simplify the terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Add 14 to both sides of the inequality. 117 Team-LRN . Simplify the expressions. 1 Subtract 2 x from both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 6. Use the distributive property of −7(x) −7x − 7(2)<−5x − 14 < −5x −7x − 14 + 14 < −5x + 14 −7x < −5x + 14 −7x + 5x < 5x −5x + 14 −2x < 14 −2x −2 > −2 x > −7 14 multiplication. 221. Simplify terms. Add 9x to both sides. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Simplify the terms. 222. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify by combining like terms. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of 5 5 1 1 4 (x) + 4 (4) > 2 (x) + 2 (8) 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x + 4 − 8 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x − 4 5 4x 3 4x 3 4x 3 4x 1 1 1 −8 − 2x + 5 > 2x − 2x − 4 + 5 > −4 +5−5>4−5 > −9 4 > 3 (−9) x > −12 3(1) − 3(3x) ≥ −3(x) − 3(27) 3 − 9x ≥ −3x − 81 3 − 9x + 9x ≥ 9x − 3x − 81 3 ≥ 6x − 81 3 + 81 ≥ 6x − 81 + 81 84 ≥ 6x ≥ 6 14 ≥ x 84 6 6x 4 3 3 ( 4 x) multiplication.

Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. 224. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property. Simplify terms. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. Remove the inner brackets. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. 3(x) − 3(16) − 2 < 9(x) − 9(2) − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 18 − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 7x − 18 3x − 50 < 2x − 18 3x − 50 + 50 < 2x − 18 + 50 3x < 2x + 32 3x − 2x < 2x − 2x + 32 x < 32 118 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of 11(1) − 11(x) ≥ 3(3) − 3(x) − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 3x − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 1 − 3x 11 − 11x ≥ 8 − 3x 11 − 8 − 11x ≥ 8 − 8 − 3x 3 − 11x ≥ − 3x 3 − 11x + 11x ≥ − 3x + 11x 3 ≥ 8x 3 8 3 8 ≥ 8x 8 ≥x multiplication. Use the commutative property to associate like terms. Simplify terms. −5[9 −5[x + x − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) + 9 − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) −5[x + 5] ≥ 2(13 − x) ≥ 2(13) − 2(x) − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x 5x − 5x − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x + 5x −25 ≥ 26 + 3x −5x −25 −51 −51 Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of −5[x] −5[5] − 26 ≥ 26 − 26 + 3x ≥ 3x 3x ≥ 3 −17 ≥ x 3 multiplication.501 Algebra Questions 223. Add 50 to both sides of the inequality. Add 11x to both sides. 225. Divide both sides by 8. Simplify. use the commutative property of addition and combine like terms. Combine like terms. Simplify terms.

use a coordinate plane to graph the solution. Draw a dotted line when the inequality symbol is < or >. you will practice graphing inequalities that have one or two variables. When the inequality symbol is < or >. use an open circle to show the endpoint.Graphing Inequalities In this chapter. Team-LRN . 10 Tips for Graphing Inequalities When using a number line to show the solution graph for an inequality. A solid circle shows that the solution graph includes the endpoint. you use a coordinate plane. an open circle shows that the solution graph does not include the endpoint. shade the region above the boundary line when the inequality symbol is > or ≥. Use the slope and the y-intercept of the transformed inequality to show the boundary line for your solution graph. Use the skills you have been practicing in the previous chapters to transform the inequality into the slope/y-intercept form you used to graph equalities with two variables. you use a number line. To complete the graph. When there are two variables. When there are two variables. When there is only one variable. Draw a solid line when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. use a solid circle on the number line as the endpoint when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. Shade the region below the boundary line when the inequality symbol is < or ≤.

501 Algebra Questions A simple way to check your graphic solution is to pick a point on either side of the boundary line and substitute the x and y values in your inequality. 3 4y + 6 ≥ 3x 239. 3x − 4 > 2y 238. y > x + 1 232. y + 2 ≤ 3x + 5 237. x >−1 Graph the following inequalities on a coordinate plane. 0). 3y + 4x < 9 − x 246. y > 4x − 5 234. x > 5 230. An easy point to use. is the origin (0.5y − x + 3 > 0 240. 3x − y ≤ 7x + y − 8 245. 2y − 3x < 8 236.9 244. 9y + 7 ≥ 2(x + 8) 248. 242.5x > 0. if it is not your y-intercept. y ≥ -x + 2 233. x < −1 228. then you have shaded the correct side of the boundary line. −28y Team-LRN . 0. (Use graph paper. x 3 + y ≤ 3x − 5 ≥ 2x − 14( y + 10) 120 249. x ≤ 6 229. Graph the following inequalities on a number line.3 y − 0. x ≥ 4 227. x − y ≤ 7 241. 1 2x +y≤3 235. −12 ≤ − 3(x + y) 247. y 3 2 3 < −x −3y + 9x ≤ − 6 243. 2( y + 3) − x ≥ 6(1 − x) 250. 0.) 231. 226. If the result is a true statement.

501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. −10 −5 0 5 10 229. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The answers to these questions are the graphs. ( ). the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. −10 −5 0 5 10 227. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 226. −10 −5 0 5 10 121 Team-LRN . Regardless of what symbol is used. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. −10 −5 0 5 10 230. or [ ]. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. { }. −10 −5 0 5 10 228.

501 Algebra Questions 231. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 1. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,1). (0 + 1,1 + 1) or (1,2).

1

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(1,2) (0,1) x

122

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 232. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 1,2 − 1) or (1,1).

−1

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(0,2) (1,1) x

123

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 233. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = −5. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−5). (0 + 1,−5 + 4) or (1,−1).

4

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

x (1,−1)

(0,−5)

124

Team-LRN

**501 Algebra Questions 234. Subtract 2 x from both sides
**

1

of the inequality.

1 2x

− 2x + y ≤ − 2x + 3

1

−1

1

1

Combine like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 3. A change in y of −1 and in x of 2 gives the point

**y ≤ − 2x + 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,3). (0 + 2,3 − 1) or (2,2).
**

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(0,3) (2,2) x

125

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 235. Add 3x to both sides

of the inequality. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point

2y − 3x + 3x < 3x + 8 2y < 3x + 8

2y 2

<

3

3x 2

+

8 2

**y < 2x + 4 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4). (0 + 2,4 + 3) or (2,7).
**

3 change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(2,7)

(0,4)

x

126

Team-LRN

Combine like terms. (0 + 1.6) (0.6). Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. y (1.3). A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point y + 2 − 2 ≤ 3x + 5 − 2 y ≤ 3x + 3 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3) x 127 Team-LRN .3 + 3) or (1. b = 3. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions 236.

If c > d.1) x (0. But for an inequality.−2) 128 Team-LRN . (0 + 2. In an equation. then d < c.501 Algebra Questions 237. b = −2. 2y < 3x − 4 Divide both sides of the inequality by 2.−2). The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point < 3x − 2 32 y < 2x − 2 m= 3 2 2y 2 4 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2 + 3) or (2. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. if c = d. then d = c. the direction of the inequality symbol must change when you change sides of the statement. Rewrite the inequality with sides exchanged and the symbol reversed. Simplify terms. y (2.1).

−8).−4) (0. Simplify terms. y x (1.−8 + 4) or (1. (0 + 1. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Multiply both sides of the 4 inequality by the reciprocal 3 . Combine like terms. b = −8. Use the distributive property of multiplication. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point 3 4y 3 4y + 6 − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3 (3x − 6) ≥ 3 (3x) − 3 (6) change in y change in x 4 4 4 4 3 3 ( 4 y) 4 3 3 ( 4 y) y ≥ 4x − 8 m= 4 1 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality.−8) 129 Team-LRN .−4).501 Algebra Questions 238.

Combine like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 3 from both sides of the inequality.5y 0.−4) (0.5 > x 0.5 x 0. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add 1x to both sides of the inequality.−6) 130 Team-LRN . y x (1.5y > x − 3 0.5 3 0. Simplify terms.5 y> − y > 2x − 6 m=2= 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides of the inequality by 0.5y − x + 3 − 3 > 0 − 3 0.5.5y − x > − 3 0.−6).5y + x − x > x − 3 0. b = −6. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.5 − 3 0. (0 + 1. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point 0. Simplify the expressions.−4).−6 + 2) or (1.501 Algebra Questions 239.

Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.−6) (0.−7) 131 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 240. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. Use the commutative property of addition to associate like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point x−y−x≤7−x x−x−y≤7−x -y ≤ 7 − x (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7 − x) (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7) − (−1)(x) y ≥ −7 + x y≥x−7 m=1= 1 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the expression. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−7). b = −7. Use the commutative property of addition. (0 + 1. Simplify terms. y x (1.−6). Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.−7 + 1) or (1.

b = 2. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2) x (1. Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms.−1) 132 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 241.2).−1).2 − 3) or (1. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. y (0. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 − x) 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 ) − 3(x) y < 2 − 3x y < −3x + 2 m = −3 = −3 y y 2 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. (0 + 1.

Combine like terms.2) x 133 Team-LRN . (0 + 1.501 Algebra Questions 242. Divide both sides of the inequality by −3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.5).5) (0. b = 2. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point −3y −3y + 9x − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≥ −6 −3 −3y −3 y≥ −6 −3 − − 9x −3 9x ( −3 ) y ≥ 3x + 2 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2 + 3) or (1. y ≥ 2 −(−3x) y ≥ 2 + 3x Use the commutative property of addition. Subtract 9x from both sides of the inequality. y (1. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.2). Simplify the terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

9 −0. y (3. Combine like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the terms.3y > −0.8) (0.3). Subtract 0.3 < ( −0.8). Subtract 0.501 Algebra Questions 243. b = 3.5x − −0. Combine like terms.9 − 0.3y − 0.3 + 5) or (3.5x −0. 5 change in y 5 5 Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.9 y < 3 x − (−3) y < 3x + 3 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3y > −0.3y from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expression.5x − 0.3y −0.9 −0.3y > 0.9 0. Divide both sides of the inequality by −0. Subtracting a negative number is the same as adding a positive.3) x 134 Team-LRN .3 ) − ( −0.3 0.5x − 0.5x − 0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point 0.3y −0.5x − 0.9 0.5x − 0.5x − 0.3y − 0.3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.3 < −0.3 ) 0.3y > −0.5x from both sides of the inequality. (0 + 3.

2). Combine like terms. Simplify.4) (1. y (0.2) x 135 Team-LRN . Subtract 3x from both sides of the inequality. b = 4.501 Algebra Questions 244. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract y from both sides of the inequality. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point 3x − 3x − y ≤ 7x − 3x + y − 8 −y ≤ 4x + y − 8 −y −2y − y ≤ 4x + y − y − 8 ≤ 4x − 8 ≥ 4x − 8 −2 8 4x − 2 − ( −2 ) −2y −2 y≥ y ≥ − 2x − (−4) y ≥ −2x + 4 m = −2 = −2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 1.4). Simplify terms. Combine like terms.4 − 2) or (1.

b = 3.3 − 5) or (3.501 Algebra Questions 245. A change in y of −5 and in x of 3 gives the point 3y + 4x − 4x < 9 − x − 4x 3y < 9 − 5x 3y 3 < y< y< y< 5x 9 3 − 3 9 5x (3) − ( 3 ) 5 3 − 3x −5x + 3 3 −5 m= 3 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 4x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. Simplify the terms. y (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2) 136 Team-LRN .3). Combine like terms.3) x (3. (0 + 3. Use the commutative property. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.−2). Divide both sides of the inequality by 3.

A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point −12 ≤ −3x − 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x −3y + 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x 3y − 12 + 12 ≤ −3x + 12 3y ≤ −3x + 12 ≤ 3x + 3 y ≤ -x + 4 3y 3 − 12 3 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions 246.4) (1. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms.3). The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3) x 137 Team-LRN . y (0. b = 4.4). Simplify the expressions. −1 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. (0 + 1. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3.4 − 1) or (1. Add 3y to both sides of the inequality. Add 12 to both sides of the inequality.

Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 7 from both sides of the inequality.1) x 138 Team-LRN . Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions 247. Simplify the expressions. (0 + 9. b = 1.3) (0.1). 2 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Divide both sides of the inequality by 9. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3). y (9.1 + 2) or (9. A change in y of 2 and in x of 9 gives the point 9y + 7 ≥ 2x + 16 9y + 7 − 7 ≥ 2x + 16 − 7 9y ≥ 2x + 9 9y 9 ≥ 2 2x 9 + 9 9 y ≥ 9x + 1 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify terms. y (3. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the expressions. 8 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. b = −5. Combine like terms.−5 + 8) or (3. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. (0 + 3. A change in y of 8 and in x of 3 gives the point 3( 3 + y) ≤ 3(3x − 5) 3( 3 ) + 3( y) ≤ 3(3x) − 3(5) x + 3y ≤ 9x − 15 x − x + 3y ≤ 9x − x − 15 3y ≤ 8x − 15 3y 3 x x ≤ 8 8x 3 − 15 3 y ≤ 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 248.−5).−5) 139 Team-LRN .3) x (0.3). Subtract x from both sides of the inequality.

Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add x to both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. Simplify terms.0 − 5) or (2. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.0) x (2.501 Algebra Questions 249. Combine like terms. y (0.−5) 140 Team-LRN . A change in y of −5 and in x of 2 gives the point 2( y) + 2(3) − x ≥ 6(1) − 6(x) 2y + 6 − x ≥ 6 − 6x 2y + 6 − x + x ≥ 6 − 6x + x 2y + 6 ≥ 6 − 5x 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 5x − 6 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 6 − 5x 2y ≥ − 5x 2y 2 ≥ −5x y≥ −5 2 2 x change in y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2.−5).0). −5 Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. (0 + 2. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property with like terms. b = 0.

9) x 141 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the inequality by −14 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.10 − 1) or (7. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of −1 and in x of 7 gives the point −28y −28y −28y −14y ≥ 2x − 14( y) − 14(10) ≥ 2x − 14y − 140 + 14y ≥ 2x − 14y + 14y − 140 ≥ 2x −140 2x −14y −14 ≤ −1 −14 − 140 −14 y≤ 7 x + 10 change in y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 10. −1 Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.10) (7. Simplify the terms. (0 + 7.10). Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add 14y to both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 250.9). y (0.

Graphing systems of linear equations on the same coordinate plane will give you a solution that is common to both equations. The solution will be all the points on the line graph because the equations coincide. You will ﬁnd complete explanations and graphs in the answer explanations.Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities This chapter will present ﬁfteen systems of equalities and ten systems of inequalities as practice in ﬁnding solutions graphically. Team-LRN . In this case. the lines are parallel and will not intersect. Pairs of inequalities can also have a common solution. The graphic solution will either be the common areas of the graphs of the inequalities or there will be no solution if the areas do not overlap. There will be no solution if the line graphs have the same slope but different y-intercepts. There are three possibilities for a pair of equations: ■ 11 ■ ■ The solution will be one coordinate pair at the point of intersection.

2y = 6x + 14 4y = x − 16 256. 15y = 6(3x + 15) y = 6(1 − x) 261.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Transform each equation or inequality into the slope/y-intercept form. graph the lines and look for the point or points of intersection. y − x = 5 − x −4y = 8 − 7x 255. y = x + 2 y = -x + 4 252. y = x + 9 4y = 16 − x 5y = 20 − x 3(2y + 5x) = −6 258. 6y = 9(x − 6) 260. For inequalities. 251. When multiplying or dividing by a negative term. change the direction of the inequality symbol for each operation. 3(2x + 3y) = 63 27y = 9(x − 6) 143 Team-LRN . The intersection of the shaded areas will be the solution for the system. 4x − 5y = 5 259. That is the solution. 2x + y = 4 3( y + 9) = 7x 257. For equations. Find the solutions for the following systems of equations by graphing on graph paper. 3y = 6x + 6 5y = 10(x − 5) 262. 2y − x = 2 3x + y = 8 253. graph the boundaries as the appropriate dotted or solid line and shade the area for each inequality depending upon the inequality symbol present. 4y = −7(x + 4) 4y = x + 4 254.

2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 4x + y < 4x + 5 271. 5y ≤ 8(x + 5) 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 270. x − 20 = 5y 10y = 8x + 20 264. 16y = 10(x − 8) 6 8y − 17x = 56 Find the solution for each of the following systems of inequalities by graphing and shading. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 144 Team-LRN . y − x ≥ 6 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 269. 2y − 3x ≥ −6 y ≥ 5 − 2x 267. 6y < 5x − 30 5 2y < −x + 4 268. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3y ≤ 2(6 − x) 272. 9( y − 4) < 4x −9y −3 < 2(x + 9) 1 273. 7( y − 5) < −5x 274. 3x + 4y = 12 y = 3 − 8x 265. y > 4 (4 − x) 7 < 4 (2x − 3y) 3( y + 5) > 7x 2x + y ≤ −3 275. 266.501 Algebra Questions 263.

or [ ]. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 145 Team-LRN . Regardless of what symbol is used. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. { }. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). The graph is shown. Underlined ordered pair is the solution. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. ( ). perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward.

The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1.4).3).501 Algebra Questions 251. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.3) (0. b = 4.3). 1 change in y y = −x + 4 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 1 for (1.2). b = 2. ************ The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. −1 change in y (0.3).4) (1.2) x 146 Team-LRN . The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. The solution is (1. y y=x+2 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

Combine like terms. 1 change in y 1 3x + y = 8 3x − 3x + y = −3x + 8 y = −3x + 8 m = −3 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ Subtract 3x from both sides.1) (2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2). −3 change in y (1.8).2). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. b = 1. y (0.501 Algebra Questions 252. Simplify.5) (0. The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 1 for (1. Add x to both sides.8) 2y − x = 2 2y − x + x = x + 2 2y = x + 2 y = 2x + 1 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The solution is (2.5). Divide both sides by 2.2) x 147 Team-LRN . The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.1). b = 8. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 2 for (2.

b = 1.−14).1) (−4. Divide both sides by 4. The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. Use the distributive property of multiplication.0).0) (4. b = −7. −7 4y = x + 4 1 y = 4x + 1 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 253.−7). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. The solution is (−4.1). y 4y = −7(x + 4) 4 y = −7x − 28 y= −7 4 x−7 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−7) (4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 1 change in y (0.−14) 148 Team-LRN . The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4.2). ************ Divide both sides by 4.2) x (0.

7 change in y (0.5) (4.−2). The graph is a line parallel to the x-axis through (0. Combine like terms on each side. Use the commutative property.501 Algebra Questions 254. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5).5). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. y−x=5−x y−x+x=5−x+x y=5 −4y −4y −4 = 8 − 7x 8 7x = −4 − − 4 7 7 y = −2 + 4 x y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5). The solution is (4. ************ Divide both sides by Simplify terms. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. Add x to both sides.5) x (0.−2) 149 Team-LRN . y −4.

7). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−4).7) (−2. ************ Divide both sides by 4.−3). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y (0. 2y = 6x + 14 y = 2x + 7 6 m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.1) x (4. Divide both sides by 2. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 2 for (−2.501 Algebra Questions 255. 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4. 6 −6 change in y 4y = x − 16 1 y = 4x − 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−4) (−4.1). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−5) 150 Team-LRN . b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4. Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.−3) (0.−5).

************ 2x + y = 4 2x − 2x + y = 4 − 2x y = 4 − 2x y = −2x + 4 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 7 change in y 7 The solution for the system of equations is (3. 3y + 27 = 7x 3y + 27 − 27 = 7x − 27 3y = 7x − 27 y = 3x − 9 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 2x from both sides. Subtract 27 from both sides.−2). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3.2). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2). −2 change in y 3( y + 9) = 7x Distributive property of multiplication. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1. Use the commutative property.2) x (3.4) (1.4). Divide both sides by 3.−2) (0.501 Algebra Questions 256. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Simplify. y (0.−9) 151 Team-LRN .−9).

501 Algebra Questions 257. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.10) (0.5) (0. ************ Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.9). y (1. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 4 for (4.10).9) (−4. Divide both sides by 4. y=x+9 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4) (4. b=9 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1. −1 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4.3). 1 change in y 4y = 16 − x 4y = −x + 16 y = −4x + 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3) x 152 Team-LRN .4).

501 Algebra Questions 258. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 4x from both sides. Simplify. Use the commutative property. Divide both sides by −5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5,3). ************ Divide both sides by 5. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 5 for (5,3).

**4x − 5y = 5 4x − 4x − 5y = 5 − 4x −5y = 5 − 4x −5y = −4x + 5 y = 5x − 1 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).
**

4 change in y 4

5y = 20 − x 1 y = 4 − 5x y=

−1

5

x+4

change in y

m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4).

−1

**The solution for the system of equations is (5,3).
**

y

(0,4) (5,3) x (0,−1)

153

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 259. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 9 spaces and right 6 for (6, 0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 15x from both sides. Simplify. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2,−6).

**6y = 9(x − 6) 6y = 9x − 54 y = 6x − 9 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−9).
**

9 change in y 9

**3(2y + 5x) = − 6 6y + 15x = −6 6y + 15x − 15x = −15x − 6 6y = −15x − 6 y=
**

−15

6

x−1

−5

m = 6 = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).

−15

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (2,−6).
**

y

x (0,−1) (6,0)

(2,−6) (0,−9)

154

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 260. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 15. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 5 for (−5,0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 1 for (1,0).

**15y = 6(3x + 15) 15y = 18x + 90 y=
**

18 15 x 18

+6

6

−6

m = 15 = 5 = −5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).

change in y

**y = 6(1 − x) y = 6 − 6x y = −6x + 6 m = −6 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).
**

−6

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (0,6).
**

y

(0,6)

(−5,0)

(1,0)

x

155

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 261. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,4). ************ Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,−8).

**3y = 6x + 6 y = 2x + 2 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2).
**

2 change in y

**5y = 10(x − 5) 5y = 10x − 50 y = 2x − 10 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−10).
**

2 change in y

**The slopes are the same, so the line graphs are parallel and do not intersect.
**

y

(1,4) (0,2) x

(1,−8) (0,−10)

156

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 262. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 6x from both sides. Simplify. Commutative property. Divide both sides by 9. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3,5). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 27. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 3 for (3,−1).

3(2x + 3y) = 63 6x + 9y = 63 6x − 6x + 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = −6x + 63 y=

−6

9

x+7

−2

m = 9 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,7).

−6

change in y

27y = 9(x − 6) 27y = 9x − 54 y=

9 27 x 9

−2

1 change in y

m = 27 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2).

**The solution for the system of equations is (9,1).
**

y

(0,7) (3,5)

(9,1) x (3,−1) (0,−2)

157

Team-LRN

−4).501 Algebra Questions 263.6) (0. ************ Divide both sides by 10.−3) (0.−6) 158 Team-LRN . x − 20 = 5y 5y = x − 20 y = 5x − 4 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−3).6). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 1 change in y 1 10y = 8x + 20 8 y = 10 x + 2 m = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. then b = a. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 5 for (5.2).−4) (−10. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−6). If a = b. y (5. 8 4 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−10.2) x (5. Divide both sides by 5.

3) (4. b=3 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 8 for (8. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.3). Divide both sides by 4. b = +3 The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 4 for (4.0). ************ Use the commutative property. y (0.−3) 159 Team-LRN . The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.0) x (8.501 Algebra Questions 264.3).−3). Subtract 3x from both sides. −6 6 change in y The solution for the system of equations is the entire line because the graphs coincide. 3x + 4y = 12 3x − 3x + 4y = −3x + 12 4y = −3x + 12 y= −3 4 x+3 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify. −3 y = 3 − 8x −6 y= 8x+3 m = 8 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

−10).} b = −5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and left 8 for (−8.−10) 160 Team-LRN . Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 8y − 17x = 56 8y − 17x + 17 x = 17x + 56 8y = 17x + 56 y= 17 8 x+7 = −17 −8 m= 17 8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 8.−10).7) (8. Simplify. Divide both sides by 16.7). Use the distributive property of multiplication. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−5).} b=7 The slope tells you to go down 17 spaces and left 8 for (−8.501 Algebra Questions 265. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. ************ Subtract 17x from both sides. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.0) x (0.−10). 16y = 10(x − 8) 16y = 10x − 80 y= 10 16 x 10 16 −5 = 5 8 m= = −5 −8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−5) (−8. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y (0. The solution for the system of equations is (−8.

501 Algebra Questions 266.−3) x 161 Team-LRN . −3 2y − 3x ≥ − 6 2y − 3x + 3x ≥ +3x − 6 2y ≥ 3x − 6 3 y ≥ 2x − 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ Use the commutative property. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥.0).0).0) (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥.5) (2.} b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2. Add 3x to both sides. b= The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 2 for (2.−3). 3 change in y y ≥ 5 − 2x y ≥ −5x + 5 2 m= −5 5 2 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 2. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. Simplify. y (0.5) The solution for the system of inequalities is where the shaded areas overlap. Transform the inequalities into slope/y-intercept form.

1). ************ Divide both sides by 2.1) (6.−5) 162 Team-LRN .0).501 Algebra Questions 267. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. −1 change in y b=2 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 2 for (2. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. 2y <− −x + 4 1 y< 2x+2 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.0) x (0. 6y < 5x − 30 y < 6x − 5 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 5 change in y 5 b = −5 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 6 for (6.2) (2. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2). Divide both sides by 6. y (0.−5). The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.

501 Algebra Questions 268. Add x to both sides.−2) −2 11 x − 2 −2 change in y = 11 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.6).−2) (11.6) x (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. y (−1. −1 change in y b=6 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and left 1 for (−1.5) (0. m The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. −2 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 11y ≥ −2x − 22 y≥ b= The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 11 for (11.−4). Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. Divide both sides by 11. Simplify.−4) 163 Team-LRN . y−x≥6 y−x+x≥x+6 y≥x+6 m = 1 = −1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify.5).

Use the distributive property of multiplication. The slope tells you to go down 8 spaces and left 5 for (−5. Divide both sides by 5. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.501 Algebra Questions 269.0).0) (5. Use the commutative property of addition.8).0).12) y (0. m= The y-intercept is at the point (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.0) x 164 Team-LRN . (0. 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 5y ≤ 60 − 12x 5y ≤ −12x + 60 y≤ −12 change in y change in x b = 12 The slope tells you to go down 12 spaces and right 5 for (5. Use a solid line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is ≤. 3x + 4y = 12 5y ≤ 8x + 40 y ≤ 5x + 8 m= 8 5 8 = −8 −5 = {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.} b=8 The y-intercept is at the point (0.8) (−5. 5 x + 12 −12 change in y 5 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.12). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 5.

2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 2x + 10y > 5x + 30 2x − 2x + 10y > 5 x − 2x + 30 10y > 3x + 30 y> m The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 270.5) (0. 4x − 4x + y < 4x − 4x + 5 Simplify. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >. ************ 4x + y < 4x + 5 Subtract 4x from both sides.3) x 165 Team-LRN . Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the inequality. y (10. Subtract 2x from both sides. Divide both sides by 10. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. 3 10 x + 3 3 change in y = 10 = change in x b=3 The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 10 for (10. The y-intercept is (0. the line is parallel to the x-axis. y < 0x + 5 With a slope of zero.5).3).6).6) (0.

4) The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3 y ≥ −2x − 6 y≥ −2 3 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. Use the distributive property of multiplication.−2) (3. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2).2) x (0.−4).−2). y 3 (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property.4) (3. Divide both sides by 3. −2 3y ≤ 12 − 2x 3y ≤ −2x + 12 y≤ m= −2 3 x+4 = change in y change in x −2 {Slopes that are the same will result in parallel lines.−4) 166 Team-LRN . m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.} b=4 The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.501 Algebra Questions 271. Divide both sides by 3.

−4) 167 Team-LRN . 9( y − 4) < 4x 9y − 36 < 4x 9y − 36 + 36 < 4x + 36 y < 9x + 4 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−4).8). −2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. −9y −9y < 2(x + 9) < 2x + 18 −2 y> 9 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 9 for (9.4) x (0. Divide both sides by −9. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−2).−2) (9. 4 change in y 4 b=4 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 9 for (9. y (9.4). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 9. Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative. Add 36 to both sides. m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.501 Algebra Questions 272.8) (0. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >.

Add 3y to both sides. 7( y − 5) < −5x 7y − 35 < −5x 7y − 35 + 35 < −5x + 35 7y < −5x + 35 y< −5 7 x+5 change in y b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 7 for (7.5). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. −5 < 4 (2x − 3y) 1 1 4(−3) < 4( 4 )(2x − 3y) −12 < 1(2x − 3y) −12 < 2x −3y −12 + 3y < 2x − 3y + 3y −12 + 3y < 2x −12 + 12 + 3y < 2x + 12 3y < 2x + 12 y < 3x + 4 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 168 Team-LRN . 2 change in y 2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph (next page).6). ************ Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4.501 Algebra Questions 273. Divide both sides by 3. Simplify the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication.4). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 7. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is <.0). b=4 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. −3 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify. Add 12 to both sides. Simplify the inequality. Simplify the inequality. Add 35 to both sides.

y > 4 (4 − x) y > 7 − 4x −7 y> 4x+7 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the commutative property. Divide both sides by 3.6) (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 274. b = −5 3y + 15 > 7x 3y + 15 − 15 > 7x − 15 3y > 7x − 15 y > 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the inequality. −7 7 7 change in y b=7 The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4.5) (0.−5) 7 change in y 7 169 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions y (3. ************ 3( y + 5) > 7x Use the distributive property of multiplication.7).0) x Graph for Question 273. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >. Subtract 15 from both sides.0).4) (7.

0) x (0. 275. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 5 change in y 5 170 Team-LRN . Add 20 to both sides.2). Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative.−5). Use the distributive property of multiplication. y (0. Subtract 5x from both sides. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 2 for (2.−10).2) (4. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ 0 5x − 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ −5x −2y − 20 + 20 ≤ −5x + 20 −2y ≤ −5x + 20 y ≥ 2 x − 10 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3.−5) Graph for Question 274. Divide both sides by −2. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.7) (3. Simplify the inequality.

−3) (1. −2 change in y b = −3 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1. y x (0. 2x + y ≤ −3 2x − 2x + y ≤ −2x − 3 y ≤ −2x − 3 m = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−3).−5) (2. 171 Team-LRN .−10) Graph for Question 275. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.−5) (0. Simplify the inequality. ************ Subtract 2x from both sides. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.501 Algebra Questions Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥.−5).

But you may ﬁnd that you will begin to see which equations. Team-LRN . In the substitution method. The two methods you will practice here are called the elimination method and the substitution method. you just substitute the found value into one of the equations and solve for the other variable. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for the remaining variable. You will be using the skills you have practiced in the chapters on working with algebraic expressions. One method is not better than the other. combining like terms. you will transform one or both of the two equations in the system so that when you add the two equations together. and solving equations. In the elimination method. lend themselves to one method over the other.12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically There is a faster way to solve systems of equations than graphing and ﬁnding the solution point. You can solve systems of equations using algebraic methods. Practice will help you decide. because of their structure. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for one variable. Then you solve the remaining equation for the remaining variable. you will transform one of the equations so that one variable is expressed in terms of the other. one of the variables will be eliminated. use it in one of the two equations to determine the value of the remaining variable. Then you will eliminate the variable by substituting into the other equation and solve.

1 4x 2(2y − x) = 16 + y = 12 1 2x − 3 y = 21 173 Team-LRN . 3x + y = 20 + 10 = y 286.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically When using the elimination method. x + y = 4 2x − y = 5 + 2y = 1 277. or as variables such as x = 2 and y = 4. Express your solution as a coordinate point or in the form (x. ﬁrst make a plan to determine which variable you will eliminate from the system.5x + 5y = 28 3x − y = 13 5x + y = −2 1 2x 280. 2x + 7y = 36 3x + 4y = 15 287. 0. Then transform the equation or equations so that you will get the result you want. 5x + 8y = 25 283. 3x − 5y = −21 288. 6y + 3x = 30 284. 3x + 4y = 17 −x 278. Use the elimination method to solve the following systems of equations. 3x = 5 − 7y 2y = x − 6 x 3 285. 276. 7x + 3y = 2 2x + y = 0 279. y). + 2y = 12 2x − y = 21 3x − 15 = y 2y + 6x = 0 282. 3(x + y) = 18 281.

+ 5 =1 3x + 2y = 12 x − 3 = 2y 298. y + 4x = 0 295. 4y + 31 = 3x y + 10 = 3x 300.501 Algebra Questions Use the substitution method to solve the following systems of equations.4 292. y = 3x 4x + 5y = 95 290. 2x + y = 2 − 5y x−y=5 2x 10 y 297. 8x − y = 0 10x + y = 9 293. =y+2 2x − 4y = 32 y − 3x = 28 3x = 2 y + 1 1 x 3 294. x + y = 3 3x + 101 = 7y 291. 289. 5x + y = 3. 5x + y = 20 296. x + 5y = 10 299. 2(2 − x) = 3y − 2 3x + 9 = 4(5 − y) 174 Team-LRN .6 y + 21x = 8.

Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 3. Subtract 4 from both sides. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Multiply the second equation by 3. Add the ﬁrst and transformed second equations. Now solve for x. Simplify. 277. We could add the equations together if we had x+y=4 2x − y = 5 3x + 0 = 9 3x = 9 =3 x=3 (3) + y = 4 3−3+y=4−3 y=1 3x 3 9 a −3x in the second equation.2).1). Simplify. 276. Divide both sides by 4. The underlined ordered pair is the solution. { }. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. or [ ]. Simplify. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Be aware that you may have used a different method of elimination to arrive at the correct answer. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Multiply both sides by −1. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Subtract 3 from both sides. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Add the equations. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Regardless of what symbol is used. ( ). 3(-x + 2y = 1) −3x + 6y = 3 3x + 4y = 17 0 + 10y = 20 10y = 20 y=2 −x −x + 2(2) = 1 +4=1 −x + 4 − 4 = 1 − 4 −x = −3 x=3 175 Team-LRN . The solution for the system of equations is (3. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Simplify. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Identity element of addition. Additive identity.

Additive identity.5).5x + 5y = 28 15. See what the ﬁrst equation looks like after 5(3x − y) = 5(13) 5(3x) − 5( y) = 5(13) 15x − 5y = 65 0.5 x = 93 x=6 3(6) − y = 13 18 − y = 13 18 − 18 − y = 13 − 18 −y = −5 (−1)(−y) = (−1)(−5) y=5 distributing the multiplication on the left.501 Algebra Questions 278. 280. −3(2x −6x −6x + y = 0) − 3y = 0 − 3y = 0 7x + 3y = 2 x+0=2 x=2 2(2) + y = 0 4+y=0 4 − 4 + y = −4 y = −4 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify terms. The solution for the system of equations is (6. Subtract 18 from both sides. Simplify.5x + 0 = 93 15. Simplify. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add equations to eliminate y. Divide both sides by −12. Additive identity. Transform the second equation so you can add it to the ﬁrst and eliminate y. you can eliminate the y.−4). Simplify. 279. Subtract 4 from both sides. Divide both sides by 15. If you multiply the second equation by 5 and add the equations together. Distributive property of multiplication. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation. Multiply the equation by −3. The solution for the system of equations is (2. Add the ﬁrst equation to the transformed second. 3x + 3y = 18 + y) = −3(−2) − 3( y) = −3(−2) −15x − 3y = 6 3x + 3y = 18 −12x + 0 = 24 −12x = 24 x = −2 −3(5x) −3(5x 176 Team-LRN .5. Simplify. Add the ﬁrst and second equations. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply both sides by −1.

3). Multiply the equation by −1. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Simplify. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. 281. Simplify.0). 3x − 15 + 15 = y + 15 3x = y + 15 3x − y = y − y + 15 3x − y = 15 8(3x − y) = 15 24x − 8y = 120 5x + 8y = 25 29x + 0 = 145 29x = 145 x=5 3(5) − 15 = y 15 − 15 = y 0=y 177 Team-LRN . then line up like terms.8). Add 10 to both sides. Divide both sides by 9. Transform the second equation into a similar 2(2x − y) = 2(21) 2(2x) − 2( y) = 2(21) 4x − 2y = 42 1 2 x + 2y = 12 4 2 x + 0 = 54 4 2 x = 54 2(4 2 x = 54) 9x = 108 x = 12 2(12) − y = 21 24 − 24 − y = 21 − 24 −y = −3 y=3 1 1 1 format to the ﬁrst equation.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Additive identity. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Subtract 24 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Subtract y from both sides. 282. Divide both sides by 29. Multiply the second equation by 8 and add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Add 15 to both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Additive identity. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Multiply the second equation by 2 and add to 5(−2) + y = −2 + y = −2 10 − 10 + y = 10 − 2 y=8 −10 the ﬁrst to eliminate y. Simplify. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (12. Multiply the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction.

Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Multiply equation by 3. Simplify. Simplify terms. Add 12 to both sides.−1). 284. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add it to the ﬁrst equation to eliminate y. 3x = 5 − 7y 3x + 7y = 5 − 7y + 7y 3x + 7y = 5 2y = x − 6 + 2y = x − x − 6 −x + 2y = −6 3(−x + 2y = −6) 3(−x) + 3 (2y) = 3(−6) −3x + 6y = −18 3x + 7y = 5 −x 0 + 13y = −13 y = −1 3x = 5 − 7(−1) 3x = 5 + 7 3x = 12 x=4 Divide both sides by 3. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Simplify. Additive identity. Transform the ﬁrst equation into + 6x = 0) − 18x = 0 6y + 3x = 30 0 − 15x = 30 x = −2 −6y −3(2y 2y + 6(−2) = 0 2y − 12 = 0 2y − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 2y = 12 y=6 familiar form (ax + by = c). Additive identity. Add 7y to both sides. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 283. Subtract x from both sides. Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by 13. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation.6). Divide both sides by −15. 178 Team-LRN . Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.

Simplify. Use the distributive property. Additive identity. Subtract 3y from both sides. Use the distributive property. 3(2x + 7y = 36) 3(2x) + 3 (7y) = 3(36) 6x + 21y = 108 −2(3x + 4y = 15) −2(3x) − 2(4y) = −2(15) −6x − 8y = −30 6x + 21y = 108 0 + 13y = 78 y=6 3x + 4(6) = 15 3x + 24 = 15 3x + 24 − 24 = 15 − 24 3x = −9 x = −3 179 Team-LRN . Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Transform the ﬁrst equation by multiplying 3( 3 + 10 = y) 3( 3 ) + 3(10) = 3( y) x + 30 = 3y x + 30 − 30 = 3y − 30 x = 3y − 30 x − 3y = 3y − 3y − 30 x − 3y = −30 3(3x + y = 20) 3(3x) + 3( y) = 3(20) 9x + 3y = 60 x − 3y = −30 10x + 0 = 30 x=3 + 10 = y 1 + 10 = y 11 = y (3) 3 x x by 3. Additive identity. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 3 and add to the second equation to eliminate y. Simplify terms. Second equation. Subtract 24 from both sides. and eliminate the x variable by adding the equations together.11). Simplify. Divide both sides by 10. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Add the transformed second equation to the ﬁrst. 286. Multiply the equation by 3. Use the distributive property. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation to the second equation. Simplify terms. Subtract 30 from each side.6). the second by multiplying by −2. Use the distributive property. The solution for the system of equations is (−3. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 3. Simplify terms. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Divide both sides by 13.501 Algebra Questions 285. Simplify. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x.

Divide both sides by 2. Then. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 3. The solution for the system of equations is (12. Simplify terms. and add the transformed equations to eliminate the variable x. 2(2y) − 2 (x) = 16 4y − 2x = 16 −2x + 4y = 16 2(3x − 5y = −21) 6x − 10y = −42 3(−2x + 4y = 16) −6x + 12y = 48 6x − 10y = −42 2y = 6 y=3 3x − 5(3) = −21 3x − 15 + 15 = −21 + 15 3x = −6 x = −2 288. add the equations together to eliminate y. Simplify terms. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Simplify. Simplify. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 2 and the second equation by 3. 1 3 (2x − 3 y = 21) 3(2x) − 3( 3 y) = 3(21) 6x − y = 63 1 4 x + y = 12 1 6 4 x + 0 = 75 1 6 4 x = 75 64x 64 1 1 1 1 = 75 1 64 x = 12 + y = 12 3 − 3 + y = 12 − 3 y=9 1 4 (12) 180 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 287. Additive identity.3). Simplify terms and add 15 to each side. Transform the second equation into a similar form to the ﬁrst equation. Commutative property of addition. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Distributive property. Divide both sides by 6 4 . Transform the second equation by multiplying it by 3. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify the ﬁrst term and subtract from both sides. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Distributive property. Use the distributive property of multiplication.9).

8 Divide both sides by 16.15). Simplify.6 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation.2. The solution for the system of equations is (−8.6 + 16x = 8.1 The solution for the system of equations is (0.4 − 3.5 + y = 3. 181 Team-LRN . The ﬁrst equation tells you that y = 3x. Substitute 3 − y for x in the second equation and solve for y. Divide both sides by 10. y = 3.11). 291.501 Algebra Questions 289. Subtract 11 from both sides.1).5 from both sides. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of x 4x + 5 (3x) = 95 4x + 15x = 95 19x = 95 95 x = 19 = 5 y = 3(5) = 15 is expressed in terms of y.4 Subtract 3.6 − 5x Combine like terms on each side. Use the distributive property of multiplication.6 + 16x = 8.6 − 3. 1.5 − 1.3. 5x − 5x + y = 3. 5x + y = 3. Divide both sides by 19. 290. Subtract y from both sides of the equation. Add 3y to both sides. Add like terms.6 Simplify terms. Simplify term and add like terms.6 − 1.6 − 5x Substitute the value of y into the second equation. 1.3) + y = 3. Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms.3 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.6 − 5x) + 21x = 8. (3.4 Combine like terms.5 + y = 3.6 from both sides.5 Combine like terms on each side.6 Combine like terms on each side. 16x = 4. Combine like terms on each side. Substitute 5 for x in one of the equations.6 Subtract 1. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is x+y−y=3−y x=3−y 3(3 − y) + 101 = 7y 9 − 3y + 101 = 7y 9 + 101 − 3y = 7y 110 − 3y + 3y = 7y + 3y 110 = 10y 11 = y x + (11) = 3 x + 11 − 11 = 3 − 11 x = −8 expressed in terms of x. 5(0. x = 0. y = 2. Substitute 3x for y in the second equation and then solve for x. 3. 3.

The solution for the system of equations is (36. Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Simplify. Substitute the value of y into the second equation. Use the distributive property. Subtract 12 from both sides. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is expressed in terms of x. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the 8x − y = 0 8x + y − y = y + 0 8x = y 10x + 8x = 9 18x = 9 1 x= 2 8( 2 ) − y = 0 4−y=0 4−y+y=0+y 4=y 1 value of x is expressed in terms of y. Add 16 to both sides. Combine like terms and simplify. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Add y to both sides of the equation.16). Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. 294.4). Simplify and add 40 to both sides. The solution for the system of equations is (−4. Express y in terms of x in the ﬁrst equation. 293. Combine like terms on each side and simplify. Add y to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Use the distributive property of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions 292. Multiply the equation by 3. Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 18. Combine like terms. Divide both sides by 2. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. 3(( 3 ) = y + 2) 3( 3 ) = 3y + 6 x = 3y + 6 2(3y + 6) − 4y = 32 6y + 12 − 4y = 32 6y − 4y + 12 = 32 2y + 12 − 12 = 32 − 12 2y = 20 y = 10 2x − 4(10) = 32 2x − 40 + 40 = 32 + 40 2x = 72 x = 36 y + 4x = 0 y + 4x − 4x = 0 − 4x y = −4x −7x x x Subtract 4x from both sides. 1 The solution for the system of equations is ( 2 . Simplify.10). Simplify. (−4x) − 3x = 28 = 28 x = −4 y + 4(−4) = 0 y − 16 = 0 y = 16 182 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by −7.

Simplify. Combine like terms on each side. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. 5(2) + y = 20 Simplify. Transform the ﬁrst equation by eliminating 10( 10 + 5 ) = 10(1) 10( 10 ) + 10( 5 ) = 10 2x + 2y = 10 2x y 2x y Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 295. the denominators. Combine like terms.10). 1 5 5x − 5x + y = 20 − 5x y = 20 − 5x 3x = 2 (20 − 5x) + 1 3x = 10 − 2 x + 1 3x = 11 − 2 x 3x + 2 x = 11 + 2 x − 2 x 5 2 x = 11 52x 52 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 1 = 11 1 52 Simplify terms. Add 2 x to both sides. Substitute the found value for y into one of the equations and solve for x. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. y = 10 The solution for the system of equations is (2. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 5 2 . Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms. Transform the second equation so that the value of x is expressed in terms of y. x−y+y=5+y x=5+y 2(5 + y) + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y + 5y = 2 − 5y + 5y 10 + 8y = 2 10 − 10 + 8y = 2 − 10 8y = −8 y = −1 x − (−1) = 5 x+1=5 x=4 −1). 10 + y = 20 Subtract 10 from both sides. Multiply both sides of the equation by 10. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms on each side. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Subtract 10 from both sides. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of y is expressed in terms of x. x=2 Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Add y to both sides of the equation. 183 Team-LRN . 297. Divide both sides by 8. 296. Add 5y to both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

Simplify terms. Simplify the term and subtract 6 from both sides. Subtract y from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions Divide both sides by 2. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Divide both sides by 3.1). Use the distributive property of multiplication.3). Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms. Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. 299. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms on each side. Transform the second equation so that the x − 3 + 3 = 2y + 3 x = 2y + 3 (2y + 3) + 5y = 10 2y + 5y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 − 3 = 10 − 3 7y = 7 y=1 x + 5(1) = 10 x + 5 − 5 = 10 − 5 x=5 value of y is expressed in terms of x. 298. Subtract 5 from both sides. Divide both sides by 7. Transform the second equation so that the value = 2 x+y=5 2x + 2y 2 10 x+y−y=5−y x=5−y 3(5 − y) + 2y = 12 3(5) − 3y + 2y = 12 15 − y = 12 15 − y + y = 12 + y 15 = 12 + y 15 − 12 = 12 − 12 + y 3=y 3x + 2 (3) = 12 3x + 6 − 6 = 12 − 6 3x = 6 x=2 of x is expressed in terms of y. Simplify. Substitute the found value for y into the ﬁrst equation and solve for x. Substitute the value of x into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for y. Use the commutative property of addition. 184 y + 10 − 10 = 3x − 10 y = 3x − 10 4(3x − 10) + 31 = 3x 4(3x) − 4 (10) + 31 = 3x 12x − 40 + 31 = 3x 12x − 9 = 3x 12x − 9 + 9 = 3x + 9 Team-LRN . Add 9 to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms. Add 3 to both sides. Add y to both sides. Subtract 12 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. The solution for the system of equations is (2. Subtract 3 from both sides. Simplify. Now express x in terms of y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side.

Divide both sides by 9. The solution for the system of equations is (1. −4 + 8y − 8y = 9y − 8y Subtract 8y from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. x=9 Divide both sides by The solution for the system of equations is (9. 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 Subtract 4 from both sides. 4 − 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 − 4 −2x = −18 Simplify. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. 3(4) − 3( 3 ) = 3(3y) − 3(2) Simplify each term. 300. Combine like terms on each side. First. −4 = y Combine like terms on each side. 3x + 9 = 20 − 4y 3x + 9 − 9 = 20 − 9 − 4y 3x = 11 − 4y x= 11 − 4y 3 4 − 2x = 3y − 2 4 − 2( Multiply the numerator by the factor 2. Combine like terms on each side. 6 − 10 + 8y = 9y + 6 − 6 −4 + 8y = 9y Combine like terms on each side.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side. 12 − (22 − 8y) = 9y − 6 Simplify the second term and the − sign. 12 − 22 + 8y = 9y − 6 −10 + 8y = 9y − 6 Combine like terms. use the distributive property to simplify the equation. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. Divide both sides by 3. 4− Multiply both sides of the equation by 3 22 − 8y to eliminate the denominator. 2(2 − x) = 3(−4) − 2 Distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 3x from both sides. Add 6 to both sides. Subtract 9 from both sides.−4). −2.−7). Begin with the second equation and 12x = 3x + 9 12x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 9 9x = 9 x=1 y + 10 = 3(1) y + 10 − 10 = 3 − 10 y = −7 express x in terms of y. 11 − 4y 3 ) = 3y − 2 22 − 8y ( 3 ) = 3y − 2 185 Team-LRN . Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. Subtract 10 from both sides. 3(4 − ( 3 )) = 3(3y − 2) Use the distributive property 22 − 8y of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

you will practice adding. and dividing expressions that contain variables with exponents. Tips for Working with Exponents Add and subtract like terms: When multiplying variables with exponents. but in this chapter. 13 3n + 5n = 8n. You will follow all the rules you have learned about operating with variables.Working with Exponents In this chapter. multiplying. the variables have exponents. if the variables are the same. subtracting. or 5x2y − 3x2y = 2x2y. add the exponents and write the base only once: (a4)(a3) = a(4 + 3) = a7 = ax(2 + 1)y(3 + 5) = ax3y8 (x2y3)(axy5) Team-LRN .

if the variables are the same. the term raised to the power of zero equals 1: z0 = 1 3 r 2 = 3r 0 = 3(1) = 3 When a variable with an exponent is raised to a power. r2 187 Team-LRN . you multiply the exponent to form the new term: (b2)3 = b2 · b2 · b2 = b2 + b2 + b2 = b6 (2x2y)2 = 2x2y · 2x2y = 2 · 2 · x2 · x2 · y · y = 22x2+2y1+1 = 4x4y2 Remember order of operations. the exponent will have a negative sign: 2x3 x4 n5 n8 = 2x−1 = n5−8 = n−3 A negative numerator becomes positive when the variable is moved into the denominator. Generally. PEMDAS. you subtract the exponents: n5 n2 = n·n·n·n·n n·n = n5−2 = n3 If the exponent of a similar term in the denominator is larger than the one in the numerator. list terms in order from highest power to lowest power. 2x−1 = 2( x1 ) = n−3 = 1 n3 1 2 x When the result of a division leaves an exponent of zero.501 Algebra Questions When dividing variables with exponents.

314. 313. 9y2 325. 5c2 + 3c − 2c2 + 4 − 7c 305. 5ab4 − ab4 303. 7ax (a2x)2 (4b)2x−2 (2ab2x)2 4 (2x2y)4 323. 312. 4x−2(5ax)2 318. 316. 3x2 + 9x2 302. − 321. (4a2)3 + (2a3)2 − 11a6 311. (2xy · x )2 + (3y)2 188 Team-LRN . (5a2x3y)3 320. (ab2)3 + 2b2 − (4a)3b6 324. 9mn3 + 8mn + 2mn3 304. 317. 3x2 + 4ax − 8a2 + 7x2 − 2ax + 7a2 306.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions: 301. (4x2y)3 + 2x2y 322. 8xy2 2xy (3x)3 x2 • x4 (12s2)(2s4) 3s3 7a2b5 28ab2 2(3x2y)2(xy)3 3(xy)2 2x2y5 x5y3 3x−2 x5 24x3 (2x)2 2x x8 3x5 x4 (3ax)2 a2 x 310. (3xy5)2 − 11x2y2(4y4)2 315. − + 319. 4xy · 3xy + 7x2y2 308. (5n2)(2n5 − 2n3 + 3n7) 307. (5a2 · 3ab) + 2a3b 309.

303. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. or [ ]. (4 · 3xxyy) + 7x2y2 When the same variables are multiplied. 302. Combine like terms. (10 · n2 + 5) − (10 · n2 + 3) + (15 · n2 + 7) 10n7 − 10n5 + 15n9 Show expression in decreasing exponential order. 15n9 + 10n7 − 10n5 307.(5 · 2 · n2n3) + (5 · 3 · n2n7) Add the exponents of the variables. Add like terms. 306. 19x2y2 189 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Use the commutative property of multiplication. 304. Use the commutative property 3x2 + 9x2 = 12x2 5ab4 − ab4 = 4ab4 9mn3 + 2mn3 + 8mn 11mn3 + 8mn 5c2 − 2c2 − 7c + 3c + 4 3c2 − 4c + 4 3x2 + 7x2 + 4ax − 2ax − 8a2 + 7a2 10x2 + 2ax − a2 (5n2)(2n5) − (5n2)(2n3) + (5n2)(3n7) of addition. { }. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 301. add the exponents of the variables. ( ). When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. 305. (12x2y2) + 7x2y2 Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the commutative property of addition. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Subtract like terms. (5 · 2 · n2n5) . Once a single number appears within these parentheses.

27x3−6 = 27x−3 27x−3 = 27x 3 When similar factors. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. are being divided. (5 · 3a2ab) + 2a3b When the same variables are multiplied. Simplify. are multiplied. 4(1)3a(2)3 + 2(1)2a(3)2 − 11a6 43a6 + 22a6 − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 311. are being divided. Simplify the exponent and coefﬁcients. 17a3b 309. add the exponents of the variables. Simplify terms. Commutative property of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions 308. or bases. Terms within parentheses are the base of 8xy2 2xy = 4xy2 xy 4xy2 xy = 4x1−1y2−1 4x0y1 = 4(1)y = 4y (4a2)(4a2)(4a2) + (2a3)(2a3) − 11a6 (4 · 4 · 4)(a2 · a2 · a2) + (2 · 2)(a3 · a3) − 11a6 64(a2+2+2) + 4(a3+3) − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 the exponent outside the parentheses. factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Divide numerical terms. When similar factors. add the exponents of similar bases. In the denominator. add the exponents of the variables. Combine like terms. Another way of solving this problem is to multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. Use the distributive property of multiplication. or bases. 12 · 2s2 · s4 3s3 12 · 2s2 + 4 3s3 8s6 s3 190 Team-LRN . add the exponents of the variables. 310. When the same variables are multiplied. Simplify the expressions in the exponents. multiply the exponents of each 33x3 x2 • x4 33x3 27x3 2+4 = x6 x In the numerator. 15a3b + 2a3b Combine like terms. or bases. When similar factors. Simplify. Combine like terms. 312. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. you subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator.

Separate the coefﬁcient from the variable. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside = 1a2b5 4ab2 1a2b5 1a2−1b5−2 = 4 4ab2 1b3 1a 4 a1b3 1 3 4 = 4 ab the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. 314. are multiplied. or bases. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 2x2y5 x5y3 = 2x2−5y5−3 2x2−5y5−3 = 2x−3y2 2x−3y2 = 2y2 x3 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. or bases. 6x7−2y5−2 6x5y3 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. When similar factors. are multiplied. or bases. 316. add the exponents of the variables. Combine like terms. Factor out like numerical terms in the fraction. Either expression is an acceptable answer. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. When similar factors. Use the commutative property of multiplication. and simplify exponents with operations. When similar factors. Simplify the operations in the exponents. or bases. are being divided. Use the commutative property of multiplication. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. add the exponents of the variables. Simplify the operations in the exponents. 315. are being divided. 313. When similar factors. or bases. 317. are being divided. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. 4x−2(52a2x2) 4 · 52 · a2x2x−2 191 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions When similar factors. Evaluate numerical factors. are being divided. or bases. When similar factors. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 32x2y10 − 11x2y242y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 42x2y2y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 16 · x2y10 9x2y10 − 176x2y10 −167x2y10 2(32x4y2)(x3y3) 3(x2y2) 2 · 9 · x4x3y2y3 3x2y2 2 · 9 · x4+3y2+3 3x2y2 6x7y5 x2y2 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Divide out the common factor of 7 in the 8s6−3 = 8s3 1 · 7a2b5 4 · 7ab2 numerator and denominator. Simplify exponents.

Simplify the operations in the exponents. 318. are being divided. or bases. add the exponents. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside 53a6x9y3 125a6x9y3 the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. 320. Multiply the exponents of each factor 24x3 22x2 6x3 x2 + 3x5 x4 − 32a2x2 a2x + 3x5 x4 − 9a2x2 a2x 6x3−2 + 3x5−4 − 9a2−2x2−1 6x1 + 3x1 − 9a0x1 6x + 3x − 9(1)x 6x + 3x − 9x = 0x = 0 inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Simplify the operations in the exponents. or bases. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients and divide out common numerical factors in the terms. Any base to the power of 0 = 1. When similar factors. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 3x−2−5 − 2x1−8 3x−7 − 2x−7 x−7 x−7 = 1 x7 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Subtract like terms. 319. are being divided. 321. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. When similar factors. Add like terms. 192 43x6y3 + 24x8y4 2x2y 43x6y3 + 24−1x8−2y4−1 43x6y3 + 23x6y3 64x6y3 + 8x6y3 72x6y3 7ax a4x2 322. When similar factors. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcient. Any term to the power of zero equals 1. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. are being divided. or bases. are being divided. When similar factors. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients.501 Algebra Questions Evaluate numerical terms. or bases. When similar factors. 100a2x2x−2 100a2x2−2 100a2x0 100a2(1) 100a2 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7a1−4x1−2 Team-LRN . Simplify the operations in the exponents. or bases. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. are being multiplied. Combine like terms. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Identity element of multiplication.

by the exponent outside the parentheses. (2xy)2 · ( x )2 + Repeat the previous step.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the operations in the exponents. When similar factors. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. are being divided. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7 a3x1 = 7 a3x theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. a3b6 + 2b2 − 43a3b6 a3b6 + 2b2 − 64a3b6 2b2 − 64a3b6 + a3b6 2b2 − 63a3b6 42b2x−2 22a2b4x2 16b2x−2 4a2b4x2 4b2x−2 a2b4x2 4b2−4x−2−2 a2 4b−2x−4 a2 4 a2b2x4 4 324. Divide out the common factor of x2 in the numerator and denominator. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. 325. 9y2 32y2 9y2 42 (22x2y2)( x2 ) + 32y2 16 9y2 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 9y2 16 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 1 (4x2y2)16 )+1 x2 4 · 16x2y2 ( x2 ) + 1 64x2y2 +1 x2 ( 64y2 + 1 193 Team-LRN . or bases. The last term is equivalent to 1. Multiply the fraction in the ﬁrst term by the factor in the ﬁrst term. Evaluate numerical factors. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Simplify the numerical factors in the numerator and the denominator. Combine like terms in the expression. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Use the commutative property of addition. Evaluate numerical factors. Simplify the operations in the exponents. 7a−3x−1 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. 7a−3x−1 = 323.

Multiplying Polynomials This chapter will present problems for you to solve in the multiplication of polynomials. you use the distributive property of multiplication to multiply each term in the polynomial by the monomial. Speciﬁcally. and multiplying a trinomial and a binomial. you will practice solving problems multiplying a monomial (one term) and a polynomial. multiplying binomials (expressions with two terms). 14 a(b + c + d + e) = ab + ac + ad + ae Tips for Multiplying Polynomials When multiplying a polynomial by a monomial. Team-LRN .

(3x2 + y2)(x2 − 2y2) 339. Then add the results. you use the mnemonic FOIL to remind you of the order with which you multiply terms in the binomials. Multiply the inner terms of each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms of each binomial. (5x + 7)(5x − 7) 337. (a + [b])([c] + d) gives the term bc. L is for last. Multiply the last terms of each binomial. (a + [b])(c + [d]) gives the term bd. 4x(9x3 + x2 − x4 + 331. Multiply each term in the trinomial by the ﬁrst and then the second term in the binomial. ([a] + b)([c] + d) gives the term ac. x(3x + 4y − 8) 327. (2x + 1)(3x − 7) 334. (7x + 2y)(2x − 4y) 336. (28x + 7)( 7 − 11) 338. (x + 2)(x − 3y) 335. 326. I is for inner. 4bc(3b2c + 7b − 9c + 2bc2 − 8) 329. ([a] + b)(c + [d]) gives the term ad. Multiply the outer terms of each binomial.501 Algebra Questions When multiplying a binomial by a binomial. 2a(5a2 − 7a + 9) 328. (a + b)(c + d) F is for ﬁrst. (a + b)(c + d + e) = (ac + ad + ae) + (bc + bd + be) Multiply the following polynomials. O is for outer. Then you combine the terms. You proceed similarly to the way you would when using the distributive property of multiplication. ac + ad + bc + bd Multiplying a trinomial by a binomial is relatively easy. 3mn(−4m + 6n + 7mn2 − 3m2n) 330. (4 + x2)(9 − 4x) x 3 6x − 1 x2 ) 195 Team-LRN . (x − 4)(x − 9) 333. (x + 3)(x + 5) 332.

(3x2 + 4)(x − 3)(3x2 − 4) 196 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 340. (2x − 3)(x3 + 3x2 − 4x) 343. (2n − 3)(2n + 3)(n + 4) 349. (2x2 + y2)(x2 − y2) 341. (3a − 4)(5a + 2)(a + 3) 348. (3y − 7)(6y2 − 3y + 7) 345. (5r − 7)(3r4 + 2r2 + 6) 350. (4a + b)(5a2 + 2ab − b2) 344. (3x + 2)(2x2 − 2x − 5) 346. (x + 2)(2x + 1)(x − 1) 347. (x + 2)(3x2 − 4x + 1) 342.

328. Simplify terms. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Multiply each term in the trinomial by 2a. or [ ]. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. x(3x) + x(4y) − x(8) 3x2 + 4xy − 8x 2a(5a2) − 2a(7a) + 2a(9) 10a3 − 14a2 + 18a Simplify terms. 326. Multiply each term in the trinomial by x. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4bc. Regardless of what symbol is used. 327. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. Simplify terms. { }. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). ( ). 4bc(3b2c) + 4bc(7b) − 4bc(9c) + 4bc(2bc2) − 4bc(8) 12b3c2 + 28b2c − 36bc2 + 8b2c3 − 32bc 329. Simplify terms. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 3mn. 3mn(−4m) + 3mn(6n) + 3mn(7mn2) − 3mn(3m2n) −12m2n + 18mn2 + 21m2n3 − 9m3n2 197 Team-LRN .

Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4x. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 4x(9x3) + 4x( x2 ) − 4x(x4) + 4x( 12x 4x(6x − 1) 3 6x − 1 ) x2 Simplify terms. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 When similar factors. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Add the products of FOIL together. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24x0 A variable to the power of zero 8 equals 1. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24(1) Simplify and put in order. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 Use the distributive property in 12x 24x2 − 4x the numerator of the 4th term. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 198 Team-LRN . Combine like terms. 36x4 + 12x1−2 − 4x5 + 24x2−2 − 4x1−2 Simplify operations in the exponents. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. or bases. are being divided. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 36x4 + 8x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the 8 inverse sign for the exponent. Add the products of FOIL together. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 − 4x−1 Use the associative property of addition. 332. 331. −4x5 + 36x4 + 8 x + 24 ([x] + 3)([x] + 5) x2 ([x] + 3)(x + [ 5 ]) +5x (x + [3])([x] + 5) +3x (x + [3])(x + [5]) +15 2 + 5x + 3x + 15 x x2 + 8x + 15 ([x] − 4)([x] − 9) x2 ([x] − 4)(x − [9]) −9x (x − [4])([x] − 9) −4x (x − [4])(x − [9]) +36 x2 − 9x − 4x + 36 x2 − 13x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 330. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 Combine like terms.

Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. 335. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 199 Team-LRN . ([2x] + 1)([3x] − 7) 6x2 ([2x] + 1)(3x − [7]) −14x (2x + [1])([3x] − 7) +3x (2x + [1])(3x − [7]) −7 6x2 − 14x + 3x − 7 6x2 − 11x − 7 ([x] + 2)([x] − 3y) x2 ([x] + 2)(x − [3y]) −3xy (x + [2])([x] − 3y) +2x (x + [2])(x − [3y]) −6y 2 − 3xy + 2x − 6y x ([7x] + 2y)([2x] − 4y) 14x2 ([7x] + 2y)(2x − [4y]) −28xy (7x + [2y])([2x] − 4y) +4xy (7x + [2y])(2x − [4y]) −8y2 2 − 28xy + 4xy − 8y2 14x 14x2 − 24xy − 8y2 ([5x] + 7)([5x] − 7) 25x2 ([5x] + 7)(5x − [7]) −35x (5x + [7])([5x] − 7) +35x (5x + [7] (5x − [7]) −49 25x2 − 35x + 35x − 49 25x2 − 49 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 334. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together.501 Algebra Questions 333. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 336. Combine like terms.

501 Algebra Questions 337. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. + 9x2 − 16x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Simplify and put them in order from the highest power. 339. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. ([28x] + 7)([ 7 ] − 11) 4x2 x ([28x] + 7)( 7 − [11]) −308x x (28x + [7])([ 7 ] − 11) +x x (28x + [7])( 7 − [11]) −77 2 − 308x + x − 77 4x 4x2 − 307x − 77 ([3x2] + y2)([x2] − 2y2) 3x4 ([3x2] + y2)(x2 − [2y2]) −6x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − 2y2 (3x +x2y2 (3x2 + [y2])(x2 − [2y2]) −2y4 4 − 6x2y2 + x2y2 − 2y4 3x 3x4 − 5x2y2 − 2y4 ([4] + x2)([9] − 4x) +36 2)(9 − [4x]) ([4] + x −16x 2])([9] − 4x) (4 + [x +9x2 2])(9 − [4x]) (4 + [x −4x3 36 − 16x + 9x2 − 4x3 −4x3 x Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 340. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. 200 ([2x2] + y2)([x2] − y2) 2x4 ([2x2] + y2)(x2 − [y2]) −2x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − y2) (2x +x2y2 (2x2 + [y2])(x2 − [y2]) −y4 4 − 2x2y2 + x2y2 − y4 2x 2x4 − x2y2 − y4 Team-LRN . 338. Combine like terms. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together.

2. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst [2x(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [2x(x3) + 2x(3x2) − 2x(4x)] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] [−3(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [−3(x3) − 3(3x2) − 3(−4x)] [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] + [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x)] 2x4 + 6x3 − 3x3 + 8x2 − 9x2 + 12x 2x4 + 3x3 − 17x2 + 12x term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. [3x3 − 4x2 + x] + [6x2 − 8x + 2] Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together.501 Algebra Questions 341. 343. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. −3. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. 3x3 + 2x2 − 7x + 2 342. [4a(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [4a(5a2) + 4a(2ab) − 4a(b2)] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] [b(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [b(5a2) + b(2ab) − b(b2)] [5a2b + 2ab2 -b3] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] + [5a2b + 2ab2 − b3)] 20a3 + 8a2b + 5a2b − 4ab2 + 2ab2 − b3 20a3 + 13a2b − 2ab2 − b3 201 Team-LRN . [x(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [x(3x2) − x(4x) + x(1)] [3x3 − 4x2 + x] [2(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [2(3x2) − 2(4x) + 2(1)] [6x2 − 8x + 2] Simplify terms. 4a. 2x. 3x3 − 4x2 + 6x2 + x − 8x + 2 Combine like terms. x. b.

Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term 346.. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 344. Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms. 2x Combine like terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Combine like terms. in the binomial. 3x. 3y. 2. (x + [2])([2x] + 1) +4x Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. −7. Use the distributive property of multiplication. ([x] + 2)(2x + [1]) +x Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Combine like terms. ([x] + 2)([2x] + 1) 2x2 Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. (x + [2])(2x + [1]) +2 2 + x + 4x + 2 Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Simplify terms. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. 2x2 + 5x + 2 202 Team-LRN . Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. [3y(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [3y(6y2) − 3y(3y) + 3y(7)] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] [−7(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [−7(6y2) − 7(−3y) − 7(7)] [−42y2 + 21y − 49] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] + [−42y2 + 21y − 49] 18y3 − 9y2 − 42y2 + 21y + 21y − 49 18y3 − 51y2 + 42y − 49 [3x(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [3x(2x2) − 3x(2x) − 3x(5)] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] [2(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [2(2x2) − 2(2x) − 2(5)] [4x2 − 4x − 10] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] + [4x2 − 4x − 10] 6x3 + 4x2 − 6x2 − 15x − 4x − 10 6x3 − 2x2 − 19x − 10 345.

[15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. ([3a] − 4)([5a] + 2) 15a2 ([3a] − 4)(5a + [2]) +6a (3a − [4])([5a] + 2) −20a (3a − [4])(5a + [2]) −8 2 + 6a − 20a − 8 Add the products of FOIL together. 15a Combine like terms. [3(15a2) − 3(14a) − 3(8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. [45a2 − 42a − 24] 203 Team-LRN . Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 15a2 − 14a − 8 Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. x. −1. 3. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms (x − 1)(2x2 + 5x + 2) [x(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [x(2x2) + x(5x) + x(2)] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] [−1(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [−2x2 − 5x − 2] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] + [−2x2 − 5x − 2] 2x3 + 5x2 − 2x2 + 2x − 5x − 2 2x3 + 3x2 − 3x − 2 in the expression using FOIL. [a(15a2) − a(14a) -a(8)] Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property of addition. [a(15a2 − 14a − 8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. a. (a + 3)(15a2 − 14a − 8) Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial.501 Algebra Questions Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 347. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial.

Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Order terms from the highest to lowest power. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. 15a3 − 14a2 + 45a2 − 8a − 42a − 24 Combine like terms. 349. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Now we again have two binomials. Use FOIL to ﬁnd the solution. Simplify terms. Add the products of FOIL together. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] + [45a2 − 42a − 24] Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ([2n] − 3)([2n] + 3) 4n2 ([2n] − 3)(2n + [3]) +6n (2n − [3])([2n] + 3) −6n (2n − [3])(2n + [3)] −9 2 + 6n − 6n − 9 4n 4n2 − 9 (n + 4)(4n2 − 9) ([n] + 4)([4n2] − 9) 4n3 ([n] + 4)(4n2 − [9]) −9n (n + [4])([4n2] − 9) +16n2 (n + [4])(4n2 − [9]) −36 3 − 9n + 16n2 − 36 4n 4n3 + 16n2 − 9n − 36 ﬁrst term in the binomial. 5r. −7. 15a3 + 31a2 − 50a − 24 348. [5r (3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [5r (3r4) + 5r (2r2) + 5r (6)] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] [−7(3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [−7(3r4) − 7(2r2) − 7(6)] [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] + [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] 15r5 − 21r4 + 10r3 − 14r2 + 30r − 42 204 Team-LRN . Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Simplify terms. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

3x2. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. ([3x2] + 4)([x] − 3) 3x3 2] + 4)(x − [3]) ([3x −9x2 2 + [4])([x] − 3) (3x +4x 2 + [4])(x − [3]) (3x −12 3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) (3x (3x2 − 4)(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) [3x2(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [3x2 (3x3) − 3x2(9x2) + 3x2(4x) − 3x2(12)] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] [9x [−4(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] [9x5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] + [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 12x3 − 9x 36x2 + 36x2 − 16x + 48 5 − 27x4 − 16x + 48 9x 205 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 350. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Simplify terms. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Multiply the last terms in each binomial.

In the second. The third technique. called the trinomial factor method. You can use three different techniques to factor polynomials. In the ﬁrst technique. Put that factor outside a set of parentheses and the polynomial inside with the factor removed from each term. you will factor polynomials that are the difference of two perfect squares. Factoring using the trinomial method: This method requires you to factor the ﬁrst and third terms and put the factors into the following Team-LRN . you look for common factors in the terms of the polynomial. will allow you to factor algebraic expressions that have three terms. The problems will be presented in random order to give you practice at recognizing which method or combination of methods will be required to factor the polynomial. e. 15 Tips for Factoring Polynomials Factoring using the greatest common factor: Look for a factor common to every term in the polynomial. The trinomial expressions in this chapter will be in the form of x2 ± ax ± b. Complete explanations of the solutions will follow.g. where a and b are whole numbers. 2x2 + 8 = 2(x2 + 4) Factoring using the difference of two perfect squares: Polynomials in the form x2 − y2 can be factored into two terms: (x + y)(x − y).Factoring Polynomials This chapter will present algebraic expressions for you to factor.

The factors of the ﬁrst term go in the ﬁrst position in the parentheses and the factors of the third term go in the second position in each factor. x2 − 2x − 8 360. x2 + x − 6 362. 4a2 − 25 355. h2 − 12h + 11 373. v4 − 13v2 − 48 375. 9r2 − 36 359. a2 + 11a − 12 368. 7n2 − 21n 356.501 Algebra Questions factored form: ([ ] ± [ ])([ ] ± [ ]). 6a + 15 352. x2 + 20x + 99 371. b2 − 9b + 8 366. e. x2 − 16 354. 3a2x + 9ax 353. m2 − 11m + 18 374. Factor the following polynomials. 36y4 − z2 370. 351. x2 + 2x + 1 = (x + 1)(x + 1). x2 − 3x − 18 365. x2 + 5x + 6 361. b2 − 100 363. x2 + 3x + 2 358. b2 − 4b − 21 367.g. x2 + 7x + 12 364. x2 − 20x + 36 207 Team-LRN . 7x4y2 − 35x2y2 + 14x2y4 357. x2 + 10x + 25 369. c2 − 12c + 32 372.

Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. x2 − 16 = (x + 4)(x − 4) 2 − 4x + 4x − 16 = x2 − 16 Check using FOIL. Factor 7n2 − 21n = 7n(n − 3) 7x2y2 out of each term in the expression and write it in factored form. or [ ]. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. ( ). The terms have a common factor of 7n.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. The terms have a common factor of 3ax. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 353. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. 7x2y2(x2 − 5 + 2y2) 208 Team-LRN . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Regardless of what symbol is used. The terms have a common factor of 3. The terms have a common factor of 7x2y2. 4a2 = (2a)2. (2a + 5)(2a − 5) = 4a 355. { }. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 351. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. 6a + 15 = 3(2a + 5) Factor 3ax out of each term and write the expression in factored form. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect 3a2x + 9ax = 3ax(a + 3) squares. (x + 4)(x − 4) = x 354. Factor 3 out of each term and write the expression in factored form. and 25 = 52. Factor 7n out of each term and write the expression in factored form. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 4a2 − 25 = (2a + 5)(2a − 5) 2 − 10a + 10a − 25 = 4a2 − 25 Check using FOIL. 352. 356.

(x + 2)(x + 1) = x2 + x + 2x + 2 = x2 + 3x + 2 The factors are correct. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). (x + 4)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 4x − 8 = x2 + 2x − 8 Almost correct! Change the position of the factors of the numerical term and check using FOIL. Now consider the second term in the trinomial. The factors of x2 are x and x. 359. 360. The factors of x2 are x and x.501 Algebra Questions 357. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. since the third term is −8. the signs in the factor form for trinomials will be the same because only two like signs multiplied together will result in a positive. Place the factors (2)(4) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. and the factors of 2 are 1 and 2. 358. which add up to 5. the result of multiplying the Inner and Outer terms of the trinomial factors will have to be positive. (x + 2)(x + 3) = x2 + 2x + 3x + 6 = x2 + 5x + 6 209 Team-LRN . The factors of x2 are x and x. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −2x. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. Try using two positive signs and the factors 2 and 3. Place the factors into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the 9r2 − 36 = (3r + 6)(3r − 6) trinomial method. 9r2 = (3r)2 and 36 = 62. Since the numerical term of the polynomial is positive. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) and (2)(4). Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term. In order to add up to 5x. which is what you need. Check using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (x + 2)(x − 4) = x2 − 4x + 2x − 8 = x2 − 2x − 8 The factors of the trinomial are now correct.

(b + 10)(b − 10) = b 363. You can use logical guesses to ﬁnd the correct combination of factors and signs. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +7x. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +1x. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. b2 − 100 = (b + 10)(b − 10) 2 − 10b + 10b − 100 = b2 − 100 Check using FOIL. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −18. The factors of x2 are x and x. use positive signs in the factored form for the trinomial. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). This is not just luck. (x + 3)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 3x − 6 = x2 + x − 6 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). Since all signs are positive. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method.501 Algebra Questions 361. The factors of x2 are x and x. Place the factors (2)(3) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. 364. b2 = (b)2 and 100 = 102. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a −3x. So use (3)(6) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x. Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term that you need with the third term being a −6. 362. (x + 3)(x + 4) = x2 + 3x + 4x + 12 = x2 + 7x + 12 The result is correct. The factors (3)(4) would give terms that add up to 7. (x + 3) (x − 6) = x2 − 6x + 3x − 18 = x2 − 3x − 18 210 Team-LRN . This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares.

This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. so let’s try two negative signs. You want the result of the O and I products of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −4b. Use FOIL to check the answer. (b + 3)(b − 7) = b2 − 7b + 3b − 21 = b2 − 4b − 21 367. The middle term has a negative sign. (b − 1)(b − 8) = b2 − 8b − 1b + 8 = b2 − 9b + 8 366. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). The factors of b2 are b and b. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −9b. Check using FOIL. use the factors 12 and 1 in the trinomial factors form. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −21.501 Algebra Questions 365. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +11a. The signs within the parentheses of the factorization of the trinomial must be the same to result in a positive numerical term in the trinomial. So let’s use (3) and (7) in the trinomial factors form because the difference between 3 and 7 is 4. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. How can you get 9 from adding the two of the factors of 8? Right! Use the (1)(8). Check the answer using FOIL. The factors of a2 are a and a. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of b2 are b and b. and the factors of 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). Since the signs in the factors must be one positive and one negative. (a + 12)(a − 1) = a2 − 1a + 12a − 12 = a2 + 11a − 12 211 Team-LRN . Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −12. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) or (2)(4).

So let’s use (5)(5) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. and the factors of 99 are (1)(99) or (3)(33) or (9)(11). So let’s use (9)(11) in the trinomial factors form because 9 + 11 = 20. The sign of the numerical term is positive. To get a positive 99 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. 36y2 = (6y2)2 and z2 = (z)2.501 Algebra Questions 368. The factors of x2 are x and x. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +10x. and the factors of 32 are (1)(32) or (2)(16) or (4)(8). (x + 9)(x + 11) = x2 + 9x + 11x + 99 = x2 + 20x + 99 371. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both are negative. (6y 370. and the factors of 25 are (1)(25) or (5)(5). The only factors of 32 that add up to 12 are 4 and 8. The factors of x2 are x and x. Check using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. (c − 4)(c − 8) = c2 − 8c − 4c + 32 = c2 − 12c + 32 212 Team-LRN . The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +20x. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both be negative. Check using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. To get a positive 25 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. (x + 5)(x + 5) = x2 + 5x + 5x + 25 = x2 + 10x + 25 369. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. (6y2 + z)(6y2 − z) 2 + z)(6y2 − z) = 36y4 − 6y2z + 6y2z − z2 = 36y4 − z2 Check using FOIL.

The factors of v4 are (v2)(v2). (h − 1)(h − 11) = h2 − 11h − 1h + 11 = h2 − 12h + 11 373. (v2 + 3)(v2 − 16) = v4 − 16v2 + 3v2 − 48 = v4 − 13v − 48 You may notice that one of the two factors of the trinomial expression can itself be factored. The factors of h2 are h and h. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to −11m. The second term is the difference of two perfect squares. and the factors of 11 are (1)(11). so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. (m − 2)(m − 9) = m2 − 9m − 2m + 18 = m2 − 11m + 18 374. Use 3 and 16 and a positive and negative sign in the terms of the trinomial factors. The factors of m2 are m and m. The sign of the numerical term is positive. (v + 4)(v − 4) = v2 − 4v + 4v − 16 = v2 − 16 This now makes the complete factorization of v4 − 13v2 − 48 = (v2 + 3)(v + 4)(v − 4) 213 Team-LRN . Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −48. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. The sign of the numerical term is positive. and the factors of 48 are (1)(48) or (2)(24) or (3)(16) or (4)(12) or (6)(8). Check your answer using FOIL. So use negative signs in the trinomial factors. Factor (v2 − 16) using the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares. Check your answer. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The only factors of 18 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 11 are 2 and 9. Check your answer using FOIL. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. The only factors of 48 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 13 are 3 and 16. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method.501 Algebra Questions 372. Use them and two subtraction signs in the trinomial factor terms.

The sign of the numerical term is positive.501 Algebra Questions 375. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. The factors of x2 are x and x. and the factors of 36 are (1)(36) or (2)(18) or (4)(9) or (6)(6). so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. The only factors of 36 that add up to 20 are 2 and 18. Check your answer using FOIL. (x − 2)(x − 18) = x2 − 18x − 2x + 36 = x2 − 20x + 36 214 Team-LRN . Use them and two negative signs in the trinomial factor form.

use the trinomial factor form (ax ± ( ))(bx ± ( )) where a · b = the coefﬁcient of the second-degree term. all the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms were 1. This will complicate the process of factoring by adding more possibilities to check. 3. In some cases you will ﬁnd that you can factor using more than one of the three methods of factoring polynomials on the given expression. Team-LRN . the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms will often be whole numbers greater than 1. When presented with a polynomial with a coefﬁcient greater than 1 for the second-degree term. Difference of two perfect squares method. Greatest common factor method. The three methods for factoring polynomial expressions are: 1. In this chapter. List the factors of the numerical term of the trinomial and consider the choices of factors and signs that will result in the correct trinomial factorization.16 Using Factoring This chapter will present polynomial expressions for you to factor. In the previous chapter. Trinomial method. Then analyze the remaining expression to determine if other factoring methods can be used. 2. Always look to factor algebraic expressions using the greatest common factor method ﬁrst.

4bc2 + 22bc − 42b 388. 4a2 − 16a − 9 383. 9x2 + 34x − 8 381. You will want to do a partial check by ﬁrst completing the O and the I part of FOIL to determine if you have the ﬁrst-degree term right. 2a6 + a3 − 21 389. 6x2 + 15x − 36 387. You will become better at factoring as you learn to look for the combinations of factors that will give you the required results for the ﬁrst-degree term. 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. 3x2 − 3x − 18 382. 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. Factor the following expressions. use FOIL to check your guesses for the trinomial factors. Next. ﬁrst determine the signs that will be used in the two factors. 6a2 − 13a − 15 384. 6a2x − 39ax − 72x 390. Be systematic in your attempts to be sure you try all possible choices.501 Algebra Questions After choosing terms to try in the trinomial factors form. Then list the factors of the numerical term. Finally. list the possible factors of the second-degree term. 2x2 + 7x + 6 377. 6a2 − 5a − 6 385. 5x2 − 14x − 3 379. 376. Tips for Using Factoring When factoring a trinomial expression. place the factors into the trinomial factor form in all possible ways and use FOIL to check for the correct factorization. 8x2 − 6x − 9 216 Team-LRN . 16y2 − 36 386.

4xy3 + 6xy2 − 10xy 397. 8r2 + 46r + 63 394. 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 217 Team-LRN . 9x3 − 4x 393. 5c2 − 4c − 1 392. 2a2 + 17a − 84 400. 12d2 + 7d − 12 396. 4x4 − 37x2 + 9 395. 4ax2 − 38ax − 66a 398. 3c2 + 19c − 40 399.501 Algebra Questions 391.

The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. You could make the following guesses for the factors of the original expression. The numerical term 6 = (1)(6) = (2)(3). Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (2x)(2) = 4x and the product of the inner terms (3)(x) = 3x. Regardless of what symbol is used. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. { }. (2x + (1))(x + (6)) (2x + (6))(x + (1)) (2x + (2))(x + (3)) (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Now just consider the results of the Outer and Inner products of the terms for each guess. 376. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. or [ ]. (2x + (2))(x + (3)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(3) + (2)x = 6x + 2x = 8x. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. (2x + (6))(x + (1)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(1) + (6)x = 2x + 6 x= 8x. 4x + 3x = 7x. (2x + (1))(x + (6)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(6) + (1)x = 12x + x= 13x. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Check using FOIL. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. That way. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The one that results in a ﬁrst-degree term of 7x is the factorization you want to fully check. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. ( ). First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 218 Team-LRN . You want to get 7x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. the middle term of the trinomial. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). (2x + (3))(x + (2)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(2) + (3)x = 4x + 3x = 7x.

so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. 5x2 − 15x + 1x − 3 = 5x2 − 14x − 3 The factors check out.501 Algebra Questions Outer—−(2x)(2) = 4x Inner—−(3)(x) = 3x Last—−(3)(2) = 6 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. the signs in the factors must be + and -. First—−(3x)(x) = 3x2 Outer—−(3x)(3) = 9x Inner—−(4)(x) = 4x Last—−(4)(3) = 12 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL 3x2 + 9x + 4x + 12 = 3x2 + 13x + 12 The factors check out. Both signs in the trinomial are negative. (3x + 4)(x + 3) Check using FOIL. Adding (−15x) + (+1x) = −14x. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). 5x(−3) = −15x. The factors of the numerical term 3 = (1)(3). the middle term of the trinomial. (5x + 1)(x − 3) = 5x2 − 14x − 3 219 Team-LRN . (3x + 4)(x + 3) = 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. The factors of the numerical term 12 = (1)(12) = (2)(6) = (3)(4). Then 9x + 4x = 13x. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. When you multiply the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors. and 1x(+1) = +1x. Multiplying. the results must add up to be −14x. First—−(5x)(x) = 5x2 Outer—−(5x)(−3) = −15x Inner—−(1)(x) = x Last—−(1)(−3) = −3 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. The factors check out. 2x2 + 4x + 3x + 6 = 2x2 + 7x + 6 (2x + 3)(x + 2) = 2x2 + 7x + 6 377. You want to get 13x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. Place those terms into the trinomial factor form. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 5x2 = (5x)(x). (5x + (1))(x − (3)) Check using FOIL. Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(3) = 9x and the product of the inner terms (4)(x) = 4x.

and don’t forget to include the factor 3 when you are done. You can factor out 3 and represent the trinomial as 3(x2 − x − 6). 220 Team-LRN . (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). To get 9x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. The sign of the numerical term is negative. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. Be persistent and learn from your mistakes. The three terms have a common factor of 3. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). The sign of the second term is negative. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(1) = 3x Inner—−(2)(3x) = 6x Last—−(2)(1) = 1 The factors check out. Let’s try putting in factors in the trinomial factor form and see what we get. Changing position of the signs would help but not with these factors because the term would be +71x. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(1) = 3x and the product of the inner terms (2)(3x) = 6x. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). (9x + 1)(x − 8) Using FOIL to check. (3x + 2)(3x + 1) Check using FOIL. 381. Put the + with the 2 and the − with the 3. The factors of the numerical term 2 = (1)(2). You are looking for a positive x term in the middle of the expression. (9x − 2)(x + 4) 2 + 36x − 2x − 8 = 9x2 + 34x − 8 Check using FOIL. That is the only way to get a negative sign by multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. Try different factors of 8. because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The sign of the numerical term is negative. Both signs in the trinomial are positive.501 Algebra Questions 379. (3x + 2)(3x + 1) = 9x2 + 3x + 6x + 2 = 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. we get 9x2 − 72x + 1x − 8 = 9x2 − 71x − 8. The factors of the numerical term 6 are (1)(6) or (2)(3). the middle term of the trinomial. that doesn’t work. That tells you that the result of adding the products of the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors must result in a negative sum for the x term. The factors of the numerical term 8 = (1)(8) or (2)(4). 9x There it is! And on only the second try. (x + 2)(x − 3) Check using FOIL. No. Then 3x + 6x = 9x.

First—−(2a)(2a) = 4a2 Outer—−(2a)(−9) = −18a Inner—−(1)(2a) = 2a Last—−(1)(−9) = −9 The result of multiplying the factors is (2a + 1)(2a − 9) = 4a2 − 18a + 2a − 9 = 4a2 − 16a − 9. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. The factors of the numerical term 15 are (1)(15) or (3)(5). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or (2a)(3a). (2a + 1)(2a − 9) Check using FOIL. You can multiply 2a and (9) to get 18a leaving the factors 2a and (1) to get a 2a. The factors check out. (x + 2)(x − 3) = x2 − 3x + 2x − 6 = x2 − x − 6 Include the common factor of 3 so that 3(x + 2)(x − 3) = 3 (x2 − x − 6) = 3x2 − 3x − 18.501 Algebra Questions First—−(x)(x) = x2 Outer—−(x)(−3) = −3x Inner—−(2)(x) = 2x Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 The factors check out. The coefﬁcient of the ﬁrst-degree term is 2 less than 18. First—−(6a)(a) = 6a2 Outer—−(6a)(−3) = −18a Inner—−(5)(a) = 5a Last—−(5)(−3) = −15 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (6a + 5)(a − 3) = 6a2 − 18a + 5a − 15 = 6a2 − 13a − 15. The factors of the numerical term 9 are (1)(9) or (3)(3). To get a negative sign for the numerical term. 383. Use this information to place factors within the trinomial factor form. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. (6a + 5)(a − 3) Check using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 4a2 = (4a)(a) or 4a2 = (2a)(2a). The factors (6a)(3) = 18a. The remaining factors (a)(5) = 5a. 221 Team-LRN . We can predict that 13 = 18 − 5. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. But we need the thirteen to be negative so arrange the 6a and the (3) so their product is −18a. 382.

The factors of the numerical term 6 are (6)(1) or (2)(3). The factors (2x)(4) = 8x and the remaining factors (x)(3) = 3x. 4(4y2 − 9) = 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3). So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. First—−(3a)(2a) = 6a2 Outer—−(3a)(−3) = −9a Inner—−(2)(a) = 2a Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (3a + 2)(2a − 3) = 6a2 − 9a + 4a − 6 = 6a2 − 5a − 6. So the term 3(2x2 + 5x − 12) will simplify the trinomial factoring. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 3. You need only factor the trinomial within the parentheses. Using the form for the difference of two perfect squares gives you the factors (4y + 6)(4y − 6). This will result in (2)(2)(2y + 3)(2y − 3) or 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3). To get a negative sign for the numerical term. 3(2x − 3)(x + 4) = 6x2 + 15x − 36 222 Team-LRN . Now you need only factor the difference of two simpler perfect squares. 386. It’s clear that 8x − 3x = 5x. Try a balanced factor arrangement. (3a + 2)(2a − 3) Check using FOIL. The factors of the numerical term 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). The ﬁrst factorization is equivalent to the second because you can factor out two from each of the factors. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. This expression is the difference between two perfect squares. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. However.501 Algebra Questions 384. When factoring polynomials. Didn’t that work out nicely? A sense of balance can be useful. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). (2x − 3)(x + 4) Check using FOIL. The trinomial looks balanced with a 6 on each end and a 5 in the middle. First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 Outer—−(2x)(4) = 8x Inner—−(−3)(x) = −3x Last—−(−3)(4) = −12 The result of multiplying factors is 2x2 + 8x − 3x − 12 = 2x2 + 5x − 12. The sign of the numerical term is negative. Use those factors in the trinomial factor form. watch for the greatest common factors ﬁrst. Now include the greatest common factor of 3 for the ﬁnal solution. there is a greatest common factor that could be factored out ﬁrst to leave 4(4y2 − 9). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or 6a2 = (2a)(3a). 385.

Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the Outer and Inner (2c − 3)(c + 7) products when using FOIL to multiply are +14c and −3c. Then the expression becomes 2(a3)2 + (a3) − 21. Now you factor like it was a trinomial expression. but what’s 223 Team-LRN . (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The second-degree term 2(a3)2 = 2(a3)(a3). The factors (a3)(7) = 7(a3) and the factors (2(a3))(3) = 6(a3). 388. The sign of the numerical term is negative. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and − because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. Each term in the polynomial has a common factor of 2b. The factors of the trinomial are correct. The difference of 7 and 6 is 1. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). 2b(2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21 = 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b with those exponents? Think of a6 = (a3)2. First—−(a3)(2a3) = 2a6 Outer—−(a3)(7) = 7a3 Inner—−(−3)(2a3) = −6a3 Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (a3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) = 2a6 + 7a3 − 6a3 − 21 = 2a6 + a3 − 21. Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the ﬁrst degree term is 1(a3). This expression appears to be in the familiar trinomial form. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The factors (2c)(7) = 14c and the associated factors (c)(3) = 3c. The resulting expression looks like this: 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21) The sign of the numerical term is negative. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). First—−(2c)(c) = 2c2 Outer—−(2c)(7) = 14c Inner—−(−3)(c) = −3c Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2c2 + 14c − 3c − 21 = 2c2 + 11c − 21. 3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) (a Check using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 2c2 = (2c)(c).501 Algebra Questions 387. Now include the greatest common factor term. Check using FOIL.

The numerical term of the trinomial 9 has factors of (1)(9) or (3)(3). Place these numbers in the trinomial factor form.501 Algebra Questions 389. The sign of the numerical term is negative. The difference between 12 and 6 is 6. the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. and check the expression using FOIL. The greatest common factor of the terms in the trinomial expression is 3x. So use the second-degree term factors (2x)(4x) and the numerical factors (3)(3). so the signs 391. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign so the signs within 224 Team-LRN . (2x − 3)(4x + 3) Check using FOIL. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign. Placing the numbers into the trinomial factor form is easy because there really are 390. (2a + 3)(a − 8) First—−(2a)(a) = 2a2 Outer—−(2a)(−8) = −16a Inner—−(3)(a) = 3a Last—−(3)(−8) = −24 The result is (2a + 3)(a − 8) = 2a2 − 16a + 3a − 24 = 2a2 − 13a − 24. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The only factors of the second-degree term are (c)(5c). First—−(2x)(4x) = 8x2 Outer—−(2x)(3) = 6x Inner—−(−3)(4x) = −12x Last—−(−3)(3) = −9 The product of the factors (2x − 3)(4x + 3) = 8x2 + 6x − 12x − 9 = 8x2 − 6x − 9. and the related factors (a)(3) = 3a. The factors (2a)(8) = 16a. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the term 2a2 = (2a)(a). The factors of the numerical term 24 are (1)(24) or (2)(12) or (3)(8) or (4)(6). What combination will result in a −6x when the Outer and Inner products of the multiplication of the trinomial factors are added together? Consider just the coefﬁcients of x and the numerical term factors. The numerical term of the trinomial 1 has factors of (1)(1). Factoring 3x out results in the expression 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24). The numbers 2(3) = 6. Now include the greatest common factor if 3x. 3x(2a + 3)(a − 8) = 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24) = 6a2x − 39ax − 72x within the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. The difference of 16 and 3 is 13. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8x2 = (x)(8x) or 8x2 = (2x)(4x). Factor the trinomial expression inside the parentheses. and the corresponding 4(3) = 12.

Check using FOIL. (5c + 1)(c − 1) Check using FOIL. the factorization of the difference of two perfect squares is (3x − 2)(3x + 2). Try 2r (21) and 4r (3) = 54r. Just place the + and − signs in the right spot and you’ve got a solution. (2r + 7)(4r + 9) = 8r2 + 46r + 63 225 Team-LRN . Check using FOIL to multiply terms. First—−(5c)(c) = 5c2 Outer—−(5c)(−1) = −5c Inner—−(1)(c) = c Last—−(1)(−1) = −1 The product of the factors (5c + 1)(c − 1) = 5c2 − 5c + c − 1 = 5c − 4c − 1. Factoring x out of the expression results in x(9x2 − 4). (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8r2 = (r)(8r) or (2r)(4r). 8r2 + 18r + 28r + 63 = 8r2 + 46r + 63 The factors check out. Factor that expression using the form for the difference of two perfect squares. 392. The terms of the expression have a greatest common factor of x. Getting closer. so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be positive. x(3x − 2)(3x + 2) = x(9x2 − 4) = 9x3 − 4x 393. 2r (1) + 4r (63) = 254r is too much. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(2) = 6x Inner—−(−2)(3x) = −6x Last—−(−2)(2) = −4 Include the greatest common factor x in the complete factorization. Bingo! (2r + 7)(4r + 9) Check using FOIL. 2r(3) + 4r (21) = 87r is still too much. The expression inside the parentheses is the difference of two perfect squares. 2r (7) + 4r (9) = 50r. 9x2 = (3x)2 4 = 22 Using the form.501 Algebra Questions no choices. Include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. Let’s look at the possibilities using the 2r and 4r. Now try 2r (9) + 4r (7) = 46r. The numerical term 63 has the factors (1)(63) or (3)(21) or (7)(9). You need two sets of factors that when multiplied and added will result in a 46. The terms in the trinomial expression are all positive. First—−(2r)(4r) = 8r2 Outer—−(2r)(9) = 18r Inner—−(4r)(7) = 28r Last—−(7)(9) = 63 Add the result of the multiplication. Nope.

Use these factors in the trinomial factor form. the expression becomes 2xy(2y2 + 3y − 5). When you think of x4 = (x2)2. (ax − ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 4x4 = (x2)(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2).501 Algebra Questions 394. (4d + 3)(3d − 4) Using FOIL you ﬁnd (4d + 3)(3d − 4) = 12d2 − 16d + 9d − 12 = 12d2 − 7d − 12. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. Now you need to notice that the factors of the original trinomial expression are both factorable. Each term in the expression has a common factor of 2xy. The negative sign in front of the numerical term tells you that the signs of the trinomial factors will be + and −. What combination will result in a total of 37 when the Outer and Inner products are determined? 4x2(9) = 36x2. Why? Because they are both the difference of two perfect squares. The numerical term is positive. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) = 12d2 + 16d − 9d − 12 = 12d2 + 7d − 12 This is the correct factorization of the original expression. The last sign is negative so the signs within the factor form will be a + and −. 396. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) Check using FOIL and you will ﬁnd (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = 4x4 − 36x2 − x2 + 9 = 4x4 − 37x2 + 9. (4x2 − 1) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1) (x2 − 9) = (x + 3)(x − 3) Put the factors together to complete the factorization of the original expression. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) 226 Team-LRN . so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be the same. Try changing the signs around. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) This expression has a nice balance to it with 12 at the extremities and a modest 7 in the middle. Let’s guess at some middle of the road factors to plug in. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term is negative so you will use two − signs. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1)(x + 3)(x − 3) 395. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) Multiply the factors using FOIL. The numerical term 9 has (1)(9) or (3)(3) as factors. Use the factor form for the difference of two perfect squares for each factor of the trinomial. Those are the right terms but the wrong signs. When factored out. Use FOIL to check. 1 x2 (1) =1 x2 and 36 x2 + 1x2 = 37x2. you can see that the expression is a trinomial that is easy to factor.

The numerical term 5 has factors (5)(1). 2a(2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2a(2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33) = 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33) numerical term has a negative sign. Since 2a(11) = 22a. Using trial and error. and c(5) = 5c. (2y + 5)( y − 1) Multiply using FOIL. 398. Use those factors in the factor form in such a way that you get the result you seek. Place the factors of the second degree and the numerical terms so that the result of the Outer and Inner multiplication of terms within the factor form of a trinomial expression results in a +3x. the resulting expression is 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33). The expression within the parentheses is a trinomial and can be factored. and 22a − 3a = 19a.501 Algebra Questions The factors of the second-degree term are 2y2 = y(2y). (2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33 = 2x2 − 19x − 33 The factorization of the trinomial factor is correct. Now include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. 2xy(2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2xy(2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5) = 2xy(2y2 + 3x − 5) 397. When factored out. use those factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the multiplication of the Outer and Inner terms results in −19x. (2x + 3)(x − 11) Check using FOIL. and 24c − 5c = 19c. Only a (+)(-) = (-). you can determine that 3c(8) = 24c. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +19c when the like terms are combined. (2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5 = 2y2 + 3x − 5 The factors of the trinomial expression are correct. and a(3) = 3a. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 2a. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3c2 = c(3c). The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. (3c − 5)(c + 8) = 3c2 + 24c − 5c − 40 = 3c2 + 19c − 40 The complete factorization of the original expression is (3c − 5)(c + 8). Now include the greatest common factor of the original expression to get the complete factorization of the original expression. The numerical term 33 has (1)(33) or (3)(11) as factors. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the 227 Team-LRN . The numerical term 40 has (1)(40) or (2)(20) or (4)(10) or (5)(8) as factors.

Let’s see: 2(2x4 + x2 − 15) = 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3) = (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 It all comes out the same. and 24a − 7a = 17a. The factors (4x2)(3) = 12x2 and x2(10) = 10x2 will give you 12x2 − 10x2 = 2x2 when you perform the Inner and Outer multiplications and combine like terms using FOIL with the terms in the trinomial factor form. the ﬁrst factor has a greatest common factor of 2. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +17a when the like terms are combined. you can see that the expression is in the trinomial form. 400. but if you left the factor of 2 in the term (4x2 − 10). If you think of the variable as x2. Use the factors 2a and a as the ﬁrst terms in the factor form and use (12) and (7) as the numerical terms. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. The numerical term 84 has (1)(84) or (2)(42) or (3)(28) or (4)(21) or (6)(14) or (7)(12) as factors. (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 12x2 − 10x2 − 30 = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 The expression (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) is the correct factorization of the original expression. The factors of the expression will be (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). This expression is in trinomial form. Use x2 where you usually put a ﬁrst-degree variable. So a complete factorization would be 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3). you would have had to factor the trinomial expression 2x4 + x2 − 15 and multiply the result by the factor 2 to equal the original expression. (2a − 7)(a + 12) = 2a2 + 24a − 7a − 84 = 2a2 + 17a − 84 The complete factorization of the original expression is (2a − 7)(a + 12). The numerical term 30 can be factored as (1)(30) or (2)(15) or (3)(10) or (5)(6). and a(7) = 7a. 228 Team-LRN . you wouldn’t have done a complete factorization of the original trinomial expression. Place them in position so you get the result that you want. Check using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 399. Did you notice that you could have used the greatest common factor method to factor out a 2 from each term in the original polynomial? If you did. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The term (4x2)2 can be factored as (4x2)2 = x2(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). The trinomial you will be factoring looks like this: 4(x2)2 + 2(x2) − 30. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. 2a(12) = 24a. However.

Quadratic equations are those equations that can be written in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. The solutions will be the same for equations with or without the numerical factors. (Ignore numerical factors such as the 3 in the factored equation 3(x + 1)(x + 1) = 0 when ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. In the previous chapter. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). using the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. you practiced factoring polynomials by using the greatest common factor method.Solving Quadratic Equations This chapter will give you practice in ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. solutions for all the equations presented here can be found by factoring. While there are several methods for solving quadratic equations. the difference of two perfect squares method. Then. let each factor equal zero and solve for the variable.) 17 Team-LRN . There will be two solutions for each quadratic equation. Use these methods to factor the equations that have been transformed into quadratic equations. where a ≠ 0. and the trinomial factor method.

401. 36z2 + 78z = −36 424. 2x2 + x = 10 415. 6b2 + 20b = −9b − 20 421. n2 − 121 = 0 403. x2 − 25 = 0 402. 7x2 = 52x − 21 423. 8y2 + 56y + 96 = 0 414. 100r2 = 196 411. 8b2 + 10b = 42 419. y2 − 15y + 56 = 0 405. a2 + 12a + 32 = 0 404. 25r2 = 144 408. b2 + b − 90 = 0 406. 4x2 = 81 407.501 Algebra Questions Find the solutions to the following quadratic equations. 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 422. 2n2 + 20n + 42 = 0 409. 7a2 − 21a − 70 = 0 413. 9x2 + 12x = −4 417. 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 410. 12r2 = 192 − 40r 425. 4x2 + 4x = 15 416. 3x2 = 19x − 20 418. 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 412. 24x2 = 3(43x − 15) 230 Team-LRN . 14n2 = 7n + 21 420.

Combine like terms on each side. The solutions are underlined. The expression is the difference of two perfect (x + 5)(x − 5) = 0 (x + 5) = 0 x+5−5=0−5 x = −5 x−5=0 x−5+5=0+5 x=5 squares. 401. (n + 11)(n − 11) = 0 (n + 11) = 0 n + 11 − 11 = 0 − 11 n = −11 n − 11 = 0 n − 11 + 11 = 0 + 11 n = 11 231 Team-LRN . Let the second factor = 0.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Combine like terms on each side. Add 11 to both sides of the equation. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Add 5 to both sides of the equation. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). { }. Subtract 11 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. or [ ]. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. The solutions for the equation are x = 5 and x = −5. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). ( ). Combine like terms on each side. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal zero. The solutions for the equation are n = 11 and n = −11. Regardless of what symbol is used. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 402. Let the second factor equal zero. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.

y=7 2 − 15y + 56 = 0 are y = 8 and y = 7. b−9+9=0+9 Combine like terms on each side. 406.501 Algebra Questions 403. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. y−8+8=0+8 Combine like terms on each side. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (a + 4) = 0 a+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. b = −10 Let the second factor equal zero. (b − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides. subtract 4 from both sides. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. b=9 The solutions for the quadratic equation b2 + b − 90 = 0 are b = −10 and b = 9. 232 4x2 − 81 = 81 − 81 4x2 − 81 = 0 (2x + 9)(2x − 9) = 0 (2x + 9) = 0 2x + 9 − 9 = 0 − 9 2x = −9 −9 2x 2 = 2 Team-LRN . The solutions for the equation y factor form. subtract 10 from both sides. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Combine like terms on each side. y−7+7=0+7 Combine like terms on each side. (b + 10)(b − 9) = 0 405. Combine like terms on each side. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. a+8−8=0−8 Combine like terms on each side. Using the zero product property. ( y − 8)(y − 7) = 0 Using the zero product property. Using the zero product property. y=8 Let the second factor equal zero. ( y − 8) = 0 Add 8 to both sides. a=−8 2 + 12a + 32 = 0 are a = − 4 The solutions for the quadratic equation a and a = − 8. Subtract 81 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (b + 10) = 0 b + 10 − 10 = 0 − 10 Combine like terms on each side. ( y − 7) = 0 Add 7 to both sides. a=−4 Let the second factor equal zero. (a + 4)(a + 8) = 0 factor form. (a + 8) = 0 Subtract 8 from both sides. 404. Divide both sides by 2. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation.

407. 2x = 9 1 Divide both sides by 2. Add 12 to both sides of the equation. Transform the equation so that all terms are 1 1 on one side and are equal to zero. Simplify. 2x − 9 + 9 = 0 + 9 Combine like terms on both sides. Subtract 144 from both sides. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Combine like terms on each side. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. (5r + 12) = 0 5r + 12 − 12 = 0 − 12 5r = −12 5r 5 = −12 5 r= 5 (5r − 12) = 0 5r − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 5r = 12 5r 5 −2 2 = r= 12 5 2 25 2 The solution for the quadratic equation 25r2 = 144 is r = ± 2 5 . subtract 6 from both sides. n+7−7=0−7 Combine like terms on each side. Simplify. x = 42 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x2 = 81 are x = −4 2 and x = 4 2 . (2n + 6)(n + 7) = 0 (2n + 6) = 0 2n + 6 − 6 = 0 − 6 2n = −6 2n −6 Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by 5. Combine like terms on each side. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. Divide both sides by 5. Using the zero product property. x = −4 2 Let the second factor = 0. Combine like terms on each side. n = −3 Let the second factor equal zero. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). 25r2 − 144 = 144 − 144 25r2 − 144 = 0 (5r + 12)(5r − 12) = 0.501 Algebra Questions Simplify. Combine like terms on each side. (2x − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides of the equation. 408. (n + 7) = 0 Subtract 7 from both sides. n = −7 2 + 20n + 42 = 0 are n = −3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2n and n = −7. 2 = 2 Simplify terms. Let the second factor = 0. 233 Team-LRN . Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation.

the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. the solution for the quadratic equation 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 is x = 6. add 13 to both sides. r= 2 = 196 is r = ±1 2 . 3(x2 − 12x + 36) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Using the zero product property.501 Algebra Questions 409. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Combine like terms on each side. (c − 13) = 0 c − 13 + 13 = 0 + 13 Combine like terms on each side. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. (10r + 14) = 0 10r + 14 − 14 = 0 − 14 10r = −14 10r 10 r= (10r − 14) = 0 10r − 14 + 14 = 0 + 14 10r = 14 10r 10 14 10 2 15 10 −1 2 5 = −14 = −7 5 = = 7 5 Simplify terms. Use the greatest common factor method. The solution for the quadratic equation 100r 5 411. add 6 to both sides. Using the zero product property. 410. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation. 3(x − 6)(x − 6) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. 234 Team-LRN . 3(c − 13)(c + 2) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. Simplify terms. (x − 6) = 0 x−6+6=0+6 Combine like terms on each side. c+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Combine like terms on each side. Add 14 to both sides of the equation. Let the second factor = 0. c = 13 Let the second factor equal zero. Subtract 196 from both sides. Divide both sides by 10. c = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 are c = 13 and c = −2. Divide both sides by 10. Combine like terms on each side. x=6 Since both factors of the trinomial expression are the same. 100r2 − 196 = 196 − 196 100r2 − 196 = 0 (10r + 14)(10r − 14) = 0. Use the greatest common factor method. 3(c2 − 11c − 26) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. (c + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides.

( y + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. a = −2 2 − 21a − 70 = 0 are a = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7a and a = 5. y = −3 2 + 56y + 96 = 0 are y = −4 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8y and y = −3. Using the zero product property. a=5 Let the second factor equal zero. Ignore the factor 8 in the expression. subtract 4 from both sides. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression.501 Algebra Questions 412. a+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 2. add 5 to both sides. Combine like terms on each side. y = −4 Let the second factor equal zero. Combine like terms on each side. −2 1 235 Team-LRN . Use the greatest common factor method. 8( y2 + 7y + 12) = 0 8( y + 4)( y + 3) = 0 ( y + 4) = 0 y+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. x=2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2x2 + x = 10 are x = −2 2 and x = 2. 414. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Use the greatest common factor method. y+3−3=0−3 Simplify. x= 2 Let the second term equal 0. x−2=0 Add 2 to both sides. Using the zero product property. 2x2 + x − 10 = 10 − 10 2x2 + x − 10 = 0 (2x + 5)(x − 2) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 Simplify terms. subtract 5 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. (a + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. x−2+2=0+2 Simplify. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 7(a2 − 3a − 10) = 0 7(a − 5)(a + 2) = 0 (a − 5) = 0 a−5+5=0+5 Combine like terms on each side. 413. Using the zero product property. equation form.

Simplify. Simplify. x= 3 Since both factors of the trinomial are the same. Add 3 to both sides. Combine like terms on each side. subtract 2 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Simplify terms. 416. x= 2 + 4x = 15 are x = −2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x 2 and x = 1 2 . Combine like terms on each side. the solution to the quadratic equation 9x2 + 12x = −4 is x = −2 3. Using the zero product property. 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 15 − 15 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 0 (2x − 3)(2x + 5) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 x= 2 (2x − 3) = 0 2x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2x = 3 2x 2 −2 1 = Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 2. 9x2 + 12x + 4 = −4 + 4 9x2 + 12x + 4 = 0 (3x + 2)(3x + 2) = 0 (3x + 2) = 0 3x + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3x = −2 3x 3 = −2 Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 415. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 3. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Using the zero product property. −2 3 236 Team-LRN . Simplify. Let the second factor equal 0. Divide both sides by 2. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Add 4 to both sides of the equation. subtract 5 from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar 1 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form.

x−5+5=0+5 Simplify. 7 4 3 14 237 Team-LRN . add 7 to both sides. 3x2 − 19x = 19x − 19x − 20 3x2 − 19x = −20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = −20 + 20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = 0 (3x − 4)(x − 5) = 0 (3x − 4) = 0 3x − 4 + 4 = 0 + 4 3x = 4 3x 3 = Simplify terms. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. Ignore the factor 2 in the expression. Simplify. (b + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. b = −3 2 + 10b = 42 are b = 1 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8b 4 and b = −3. Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 4. Subtract 19x from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Transform the equation into the familiar 4 3 1 13 trinomial equation form. Subtract 42 from both sides of the equation. Using the zero product property. Using the zero product property. b+3−3=0−3 Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 417. Divide both sides by 3. Use the greatest common factor method to factor out 2. b= Now let the second term equal zero. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. add 4 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Simplify. x=5 2 = 19x − 20 are x = 1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3x 3 and x = 5. 418. 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 42 − 42 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 0 2(4b2 + 5b − 21) = 0 2(4b − 7)(b + 3) = 0 (4b − 7) = 0 4b − 7 + 7 = 0 + 7 4b = 7 4b 4 = Simplify terms. Add 20 to both sides. x= Now let the second term equal zero. Simplify. Combine like terms.

n = −1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 14n2 = 7n + 21 are n = 1 2 and n = −1. 14n2 − 7n = 7n − 7n + 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 21 − 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 0 7(2n2 − n − 3) = 0 7(2n − 3)(n + 1) = 0 (2n − 3) = 0 2n − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2n = 3 2n 2 = Simplify terms. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 6b2 + 20b + 9b = −9b + 9b − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 20 − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 0 (6b + 5)(b + 4) = 0 (6b + 5) = 0 6b + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 6b = −5 6b 6 = −5 Simplify terms. Simplify. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. Simplify. Using the zero product property. b = −4 2 + 20b = −9b − 20 are The solutions for the quadratic equation 6b b= −5 −5 6 6 and b = −4. 420. n+1−1=0−1 Simplify. subtract 5 from both sides. Simplify the equation. b+4=0 Subtract 4 from both sides. Simplify and add 20 to both sides of the equation. Transform the equation into the familiar 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. Using the zero product property. Simplify and subtract 21 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Add 9b to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 2. n+1=0 Subtract 1 from both sides. add 3 to both sides. b+4−4=0−4 Simplify. Divide both sides by 6. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 419. Subtract 7n from both sides of the equation. n= Now set the second equal to zero. b= 6 Now set the second factor equal to zero. 238 Team-LRN .

x−6+6=0+6 Simplify. Simplify. add 3 to both sides. x−7+7=0+7 Simplify. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Simplify. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. x= 3 Add 6 to both sides. Now factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Divide both sides by 3. 5(3x2 − 14x − 24) = 0 5(3x + 4)(x − 6) = 0 (3x + 4) = 0 3x + 4 − 4 = 0 − 4 3x = −4 3x 3 = −4 Simplify terms. x−7=0 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. Subtract 52x from both sides of the equation. 239 Team-LRN . x=6 The solutions for the quadratic equation 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 are x= −4 3 −4 3 and x = 6. Using the zero product property. x= 7 Now set the second factor equal to zero. Divide both sides by 7. Simplify and add 21 to both sides of the equation. Simplify. 422. subtract 4 from both sides. 7x2 − 52x = 52x − 52x − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 21 − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 0 (7x − 3)(x − 7) = 0 (7x − 3) = 0 7x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 7x = 3 7x 7 = 3 3 7 Simplify terms. Using the zero product property. Factor the greatest common factor from each term.501 Algebra Questions 421. x=7 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7x2 = 52x − 21 are x = 7 and x = 7.

12r2 + 40r − 192 = 0 Factor the greatest common factor. The solutions for the quadratic equation and z = −2 36z2 + 78z + 36 = −36 + 36 36z2 + 78z + 36 = 0 6(6z2 + 13z + 6) = 0 6(2z + 3)(3z + 2) = 0 (2z + 3) = 0 2z + 3 − 3 = 0 − 3 2z = −3 2z 2 = −3 2 z= 2 (3z + 2) = 0 3z + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3z = −2 3z 3 −1 1 = −2 z= 36z2 −2 3 1 3 + 78z = −36 are z = −1 2 3 . 3r − 8 + 8 = 0 + 8 Simplify. Now let the second factor equal zero. Subtract 2 from both sides. Divide both sides by 3. Ignore the numerical factor and set the ﬁrst factor equal to zero. 4(3r2 + 10r − 48) = 0 Now factor the trinomial expression. 3r 3 = Simplify terms. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 423. Simplify terms. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 192 − 40r + 40r − 192 Combine like terms. Factor the trinomial expression into two factors. 3r = 8 Divide both sides by 3. Combine like terms. Factor out the greatest common factor from each term. Divide both sides by 2. out of each term. r= The solutions for the quadratic equation 12r2 = 192 − 40r are r = −6 and r = 2 3 . Subtract 3 from both sides. Simplify terms. set one factor = 0. (r + 6) = 0 Subtract 6 from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. 4. 240 2 8 3 2 23 Team-LRN . 4(r + 6)(3r − 8) = 0 Ignoring the numerical factor. Simplify terms. r+6−6=0−6 Simplify. 424. r = −6 Now set the second factor = 0. 3r − 8 = 0 Add 8 to both sides. Add (40r − 192) to both sides of the equation. Add 36 to both sides of the equation.

241 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Combine like terms. Using the zero product property. Add (15 − 43x) to both sides of the equation. add 3 to both sides and divide by 8. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 425. x= 8 Now let the second factor = 0. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression. Use the commutative property to move terms. = 3 8x2 = 43x − 15 24x2 3 3(43x − 15) 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 43x − 15 + 15 − 43x 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 0 8x2 − 43x + 15 = 0 (8x − 3)(x − 5) = 0 8x − 3 = 0 8x 8 = 3 3 8 Simplify terms. x=5 The solutions for the quadratic equation 24x2 = 3 (43x − 15) are x= 3 8 and x = 5.

you to ﬁnd the negative root. one positive and one negative. tells you to ﬁnd the root of a number. Generally. you will need to know how to operate with radicals. a number has two roots. The number The radical sign under the radical sign is called the radicand. The symbol ± 18 Tips for Simplifying Radicals Simplify radicals by completely factoring the radicand and taking out the square root.Simplifying Radicals This chapter will give you practice in operating with radicals. In the last chapters. It is understood in mathematics that or + is telling you to ﬁnd the positive root. The most thorough method for factoring is to do a prime factorization of the radicand. Nor do all trinomials with whole numbers have whole numbers for solutions. You will not always be able to factor polynomials by factoring whole numbers and whole number coefﬁcients. Then you look for square roots that can be factored out of the radicand. Team-LRN . The symbol − tells asks for both roots.

e. you can rationalize the expression as follows: 3 √6 = 3 √6 · √6 √6 = 3√6 6 = 1 2 6 If the radicands are the same. Then you can simplify their roots out of the radical sign. e. This is known as rationalizing the denominator. 427. 428.. you will no longer have a fractional radicand. ﬁrst divide the terms in front of the radicals. 2x 5 = 2x 5 · 5 5 = 10x 52 = 1 52 · 10x = 1 5 10x When there is a radical in the denominator. multiply the terms in front of the radicals. e. If you get rid of the denominator within the radical sign.g.g.g.501 Algebra Questions e.. 426. then multiply the radicands and put that result under the radical sign.g. 12 300 3n2 24x5 243 Team-LRN . 429. and then divide the radicands. or 28 = 4x3 = 2·2·7= 2·2· 7=2 7 x·x· x = 2x x 2·2·x·x·x= 2·2· You may also recognize perfect squares within the radicand.g. 4 3·7 5=4·7 3 · 5 = 28 15 Quotient property of radicals When dividing radicals. It is improper form for the radicand to be a fraction.. e. 3 3 + 2 3 = 5 3 or 5 x − 2 x=3 x Product property of radicals When multiplying radicals.. radicals can be added and subtracted as if the radicals were variables. 6√10 3√2 = 6 3 10 2 =2 5 Simplify the following radical expressions.

440. 446. 24 · 6 6√126 √18 244 Team-LRN . 447. 3+7 3+2 5 7−3 28 b) a2b)(3a 5 · 3 15 16 9 56 4 · 32 √160 √2 √150 √3 8 443. 431. 441. 50a2b 5 4 3 √7 √12xy √x 435. 3 436. 5 64 444. 433. 3 450. −2√98 √2 √27 √72 −4 3· · 10 3 27 4 3 √15 · √105 −3 449. 2 439. 434.501 Algebra Questions 3x2 4 430. 445. 442. (9 438. 2 437. 448. 432.

Now take out the square root. 427. 3x2 4 = 3·x·x 2·2 = 3· = 1 x 2 x·x 2·2 Factoring out the squares leaves This result can be written a few different ways. 6·2·2·x·x·x·x·x 6x = 2x2 6x 6 · 2 · 2 · x · x · x · x · x = 2x · x 430. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. ( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 426. Take out the square roots. Although it looks complex. 431. Regardless of what symbol is used. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 50a2b = 2·5·5·a·a·b 2b 2 · 5 · 5 · a · a · b = 5a 245 Team-LRN . 428. you can still begin by factoring the terms in the radical sign. { }. First. or [ ]. factor the radicand. First. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. First. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 2·2·3=2 3 300 = 3 · 10 · 10 Now take out the square root. First. factor the radicand. First. Underlined expressions show simpliﬁed result. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). factor the radicand and 3·n·n=n 24x5 = look for squares. 3= = √3 2x = 2x 3 squares. 12 = 2·2·3 Now take out the square root of any pair of factors or any perfect squares you recognize. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. factor the radicand and look for x 2 √3x 2 3· x·x 2·2 3. 3 · 10 · 10 = 10 3 3n2 = 3·n·n 3 Now take out the square root. 429. factor the radicand.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.

Now simplify the radicand. As in the previous problem. a square root times itself is the radicand by itself.501 Algebra Questions 432. 434. rationalize the denominator for this 3 √7 = 3 √7 · √7 √7 = 3√7 7 expression. multiply the expression by 1 in a form suitable for this purpose. Use the quotient property of radicals and rationalize the denominator. the similar radicals were similar variables. Now factor the radicand. Simplify the second term of the expression by factoring the radicand. For this expression. add the “like terms’’ as if √12xy √x = √12xy √x · √x √x √12xy √x · √x √x = √12xyx x √12xyx x = √3 · 4x2y x √3 · 4x2y x = 2 2x√3y x 3y. 2 2 7 − 3 28 = 2 7 − 3 4 · 7 7−3 4·7=2 7−3·2 7 2 7 − 6 7 = −4 7 437. Use the product property of radicals to simplify 246 Team-LRN . In this expression. Use the identity property of multiplication and multiply the expression by 1 in a form useful for your purposes. First. you must rationalize the 5 4 = √5 √4 = √5 √2 · 2 = √5 2 denominator. that is to get the radical out of the denominator. 433. a2b)(3a b) = 9 · 3a a2b · b = 27a 2 a2b2 = 27a · ab = 27a2b 5 · 3 15 = 2 · 3 5 · 15 438. (9 the expression. combine like terms. For this expression. Factoring out the square roots results in The x in the numerator and the denominator divides out. 436. In this case. use the product property of radicals and combine the factors in the radicand and outside the radical signs. 3 3 + 7 3 + 2 5 = 10 3 + 2 5 The radical terms cannot be added further because the radicands are different. In the denominator. leaving 435. Finally. Use the product property of radicals to combine the radicands in the numerator. Then see if it can be simpliﬁed any further.

You could proceed in the same way as the previous √160 √2 = √4 · 4 · 2 · 5 √2 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · √5 √2 4√2 · √5 √2 =4 5 solution. Use the quotient property to get the denominator out of the radicand. You should recognize the perfect squares 9 and 16. For this term. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator and you’re done. You can start by using the product property 16 9 16 9 3 = 30 3 3 = 30 3 16 9 √16 √9 to simplify the expression. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and the denominator. 442. √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 5 · 3√2 3 = 5 · 3√2 3 =5 2 247 Team-LRN . Use the product property to simplify the numerator. you will see the perfect square as 5 times 5. Now simplify the radicand by factoring so that any perfect squares will come out of the radical sign. factor the radicand in the = = √56 2 = √4 · 14 2 = 2√14 2 14. 6 5 · 15 = 6 5 · 5 · 3 = 6 · 5 439. and you are left with 441. numerator and look for perfect squares. but let’s try another way. 6 5 · 15 = 6 75 = 6 25 · 3 = 6 · 5 Or if you just factor the radicand. Now use the quotient property to simplify the ﬁrst radical. The common factor in both the numerator and denominator divides out. √16 √9 · 32 = 32 = · · 32 32 · · 32 = 4 3 16 · 2 = 4 3 ·4 2= 56 4 √56 √4 16√2 3 √56 2 440. Factor the radicand seeking perfect squares. Use the product property in the numerator.501 Algebra Questions Now look for a perfect square in the radicand. Simplify the fraction and factor the radicand of the second radical term. You can multiply and then factor or just factor ﬁrst. √150 √3 · √3 √3 = √150 · √3 √3 · √3 = √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 = = √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 Simplify the numerator. Rationalize the denominator.

447. 444. Use the commutative property of multiplication. or it could be written as · 10 3 4 · 10 3·3 = = 4 · 10 3·3 √4 · 10 √9 √4 · 10 √9 = 2 3 2√10 3 10. Then factor the radicand looking for perfect −2√98 · 2 squares. Simplify the perfect squares in the numerator and denominator. You can simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator by a factor of 3. Factor the numerator and simplify the perfect square in the denominator.501 Algebra Questions 443. √2 −2√98 · √2 but ﬁrst factor the radicands and look for perfect squares. = − 49 · 2 · 2 = −7 · 2 = −14 2 445. Begin simplifying this term by rationalizing the −2√98 5 8 64 √8 = 5 √64 5√4 · 2 8 5 · 2√2 8 √8 5 √64 = 5√4 · 2 8 = 5 · 2√2 8 = 5√2 4 · √2 = √2 · √2 denominator. put all terms 3·3 3 3· 3 3 · 3 3 = −4 · 3 · ·3· 3· 3 = −12 · 3 = −36 4 3 in one radical sign. Factor 2 out of the numerator and denominator. Simplify the numerator. √2 Using the product property. The expression is ﬁne the way it is. 248 Team-LRN . Now use the quotient property to continue simplifying. Factor the radicand in the last radical. Now simplify terms. You use the quotient property to begin rationalizing the denominator. The 5 becomes part of the numerator. Simplify terms by using the product property in the numerator and multiplying terms in the denominator. You will have to rationalize the denominator. 2 √2 · √2 Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator. −4 −4 −4 −4 √27 √72 = √9 · 3 √36 · 2 3√3 6√2 = = 3√3 6√2 √3 2√2 √3 2√2 · √2 √2 = √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 √6 4 √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 = √3 · 2 2·2 = 3· 3· 27 = −4 9 · 3 = −4 3· 9·3 Simplify the perfect square. 446. Now rationalize the denominator. Using the product property. simplify the numerator and write the product of the −2√98 · √2 −2√98 · 2 = term in the denominator.

Now use the product property to separate the factors of the second radical term into two radical terms. Another way is to multiply 6 and 24 to get 144. Then factor the radicand 6√126 · 18 √9 · 7 · 2 · 2 · 9 √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 = = and look for perfect squares. 18 3 3 Simplify the numerator and divide out common factors in the √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 9 · 2√7 18√7 numerator and denominator. Then 3 times 12 equals 36. Begin by rationalizing the denominator. Why? Because you will then have the product of two identical radicals. 449. = 3 = 3 =6 7 3 6√126 √18 · √18 √18 = 6√126 · √18 18 249 Team-LRN . Start this one by using the product property to combine the radicands. Now simplify the whole numbers. There is more than one way to simplify √15 · √105 −3 = √15 · √15 · 7 −3 √15 · √15 · 7 −3 = √15 · √15 · √7 −3 15√7 −3 = 15√7 −3 = −5 7 an expression. another perfect square. 3 24 · 6 = 3 4 · 6 · 6 = 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 Simplify the radical. Begin by factoring the radicand of the second radical. 18 18 Simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator. 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 = 3 · 2 · 6 = 36 Use the product property to simplify the 6√126 · √18 6√126 · 18 = numerator. 3 24 · 6 = 3 24 · 6 Now factor the terms in the radicand and look for perfect squares.501 Algebra Questions 448. 450.

it is called an extraneous solution. An equation is considered a radical equation when the radicand contains a variable. e. Squaring a radical results in the radical symbol disappearing.Solving Radical Equations This chapter will give you more practice operating with radicals. However. Use the following property: When a and b are algebraic expressions. You should always check your results in the original equation to see that both solutions work. the focus here is to use radicals to solve equations. When neither solution works in the original equation. Isolate the radical on one side of an equation before using the squaring property. 19 Tips for Solving Radical Equations ■ ■ ■ Squaring both sides of an equation is a valuable tool when solving radical equations. then a2 = b2. When one of the solutions does not work. you must be aware of the positive and negative roots.g. there is said to be no solution. When you use a radical to solve an equation. ( x + 5)2 = x + 5.. if a = b. Team-LRN .

2 455. x = 471. −7 3x + 46 + 24 = 38 = 10 − 13x + 43 − 4 = 29 =7 8 − 2x 2x + 3 x + 12 7x − 10 7 467.501 Algebra Questions ■ For second degree equations. 454. x2 = 135 453. x = + 10 251 Team-LRN . 456. 466. 28 √5x + 1 469. 460. 3 n = 13 a = 24 2x − 4 = 4 4x + 6 = 6 3x + 4 + 8 = 12 5x − 4 + 3 = 12 4x + 9 = −13 5x − 6 + 3 = 11 9 − x + 14 = 25 3x + 1 = 15 −x + 7 = 22 100x − 1 25x + 39 464. x = 473. x2 = 64 452. 457. use the radical sign on both sides of the equation to ﬁnd a solution for the variable. 461. Check your answers. 3 468. 4x + 3 = 2x 2 − 2x = x 3 2x 475. 3 = 10 − 465. 451. 474. x = 470. x = 472. Solve the following radical equations. 3 463. Watch for extraneous solutions. 458. 462. 459.

Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Check by substituting in the original equation. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. Simplify the radical. The original equation asks for only the positive root of n. x = ±8. Check the second solution in the original equation. { }. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The solution is underlined. Both solutions. square both sides of the equation. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. check out. x2 = 135 x = 135 = 9 · 15 = ±3 15 (3 15)2 = 135 32( 15)2 = 135 9(15) = 135 135 = 135 (−3 15)2 = 135 (−3)2( 15)2 = 135 (9)(15) = 135 135 = 135 ( n)2 = 132 n = 169 169 = 13 Check the second solution in the original equation. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 453. First. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Use the radical sign on both sides of the x2 = 64 x = ±8 (8)2 = 64 64 = 64 (−8)2 = 64 64 = 64 equation. check out. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. So when you substitute 169 into the original equation. ( ). or [ ]. Regardless of what symbol is used. only the positive root n = 13 is to be 252 Team-LRN . Use the radical sign on both sides of the equation. 451. Show both solutions for the square root of 64. Both solutions. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Simplify both terms. 452. x = ±3 15.

Isolate the radical on one side of the equation. 2√a 2 = 24 2 a = 12 ( a)2 = 122 a = 144 2 144 = 24 2(12) = 24 24 = 24 2x − 4 + 4 = 4 + 4 2x = 8 ( 2x)2 = 82 2x = 64 x = 32 2(32) − 4 = 4 64 − 4 = 4 8 − 4 = 4. Check the solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Divide both sides by 4 and simplify. Check your solution in the original equation. this will become important. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. 13 = 13 checks out. The solution x = 4 checks out.5 4(7. Although this may seem trivial at this point.5 checks out. 454. Square both sides of the equation. The solution a = 144 checks out. Square both sides of the equation. Subtract 4 from both sides and divide by 3. Simplify terms. 4 = 4 ( 4x + 6)2 = 62 4x + 6 = 36 4x = 30 x= 30 4 Combine like terms on each side. 456. Simplify terms. 457. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify terms. Subtract 8 from both sides in order to isolate the = 7. The solution x = 7.5) + 6 = 6 36 = 6 6=6 3x + 4 = 4 ( 3x + 4)2 = 42 3x + 4 = 16 x=4 3(4) + 4 + 8 = 12 16 + 8 = 12 4 + 8 = 12 12 = 12 radical. Square both sides of the equation. as the radical equations become more complex. The solution x = 32 checks out. Subtract 6 from both sides of the equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions considered. Begin by adding 4 to both sides to isolate the radical. 253 Team-LRN . Now square both sides of the equation. 455. Divide both sides by 2.

Square both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. Add 4 to both sides and then divide by 5. The solution does not check out. Check your solution in the original equation. Simplify terms on both sides. 5x − 6 = 8 ( 5x − 6)2 = 8 2 5x − 6 = 64 x = 14 5(14) − 6 + 3 = 11 64 + 3 = 11 8 + 3 = 11 11 = 11 9 − x = 11 9 − x = 121 −x = 112 x = −112 9 − (−112) + 14 = 25 121 + 14 = 25 25 = 25 Now square both sides of the equation. 254 Team-LRN . Subtract 9 from both sides. Substitute the solution in the original equation. Subtract 3 from both sides isolating the radical. The solution x = 14 checks out. Multiply both sides by negative 1 to solve for x. 461. Simplify the expression under the radical. Find the positive square root of 64 and add 3. Simplify terms under the radical sign. Add 14 and the solution x = −112 checks. 459. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation isolating the radical. Subtract 9 from both sides and then divide by 4.501 Algebra Questions 458. The solution x = 17 checks out. Add 6 to both sides and divide the result by 5. The square root of 121 is 11. Simplify terms. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. There is no solution for this equation. The radical sign calls for the positive square root. Find the positive square root of 81. Check the solution in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Check the solution in the original equation. 5x − 4 = 9 ( 5x − 4)2 = 92 5x − 4 = 81 x= 85 5 = 17 5(17) − 4 + 3 = 12 81 + 3 = 12 9 + 3 = 12 12 = 12 ( 4x + 9)2 = (−13)2 4x + 9 = 169 x = 40 4(40 + 9) = −13 169 = −13 13 ≠ −13 Simplify terms on both sides of the equation. Subtract 14 from both sides to isolate the radical. 460. Simplify.

The equation asks you to subtract the positive square root of 49 from 10. Square both sides of the equation. Check the solution in the original equation. 100x − 1 + 100x − 1 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 100x − 1 = 7 100x − 1 = 49 x = 0.5) − 1 49 465. Subtract 1 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. To isolate the radical. Subtract 24 from both sides to isolate the radical. Use the positive square root of 25. divide both sides by 3. Square both sides of the equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. Add 1 to both sides of the equation and divide by 100. 463.5 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 7 3=3 3x + 46 = 14 3x + 46 = 196 x = 50 3(50) + 46 + 24 = 38 196 + 24 = 38 14 + 24 = 38 38 = 38 100(0. The solution x = −25 checks out. 3x + 1 = 5 ( 3x + 1)2 = 52 3x + 1 = 25 x=8 3 3(8) + 1 = 15 3 25 = 15 3(5) = 15 15 = 15 = 15 =5 −x)2 = 52 ( −x = 25 x = −25 3 −(−25) + 7 = 22 3 25 + 7 = 22 3(5) + 7 = 22 15 + 7 = 22 22 = 22 −x 3 −x Divide both sides by 3 to isolate the radical. Subtract 7 from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 462. Simplify terms. Subtract 46 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. Simplify terms under the radical.5 checks out. The solution x = 8 checks out. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. The solution x = 0. Now subtract 3 from both sides. Multiply both sides by negative 1. Multiply 3 by the positive root of 25. Simplify terms. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 255 Team-LRN . 464. Add 100x − 1 to both sides of the equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation. The solution x = 50 checks out. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 − Combine like terms and simplify the equation.

Add 25x + 39 to both sides of the equation. Subtract 1 from both sides and divide the result by 5. The solution 3 = x checks out. Square both sides of the equation. x2 = 8 − 2x Transform the equation by putting all terms on one side. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 − 25x + 39 + 25x + 39 Combine like terms and simplify the equation. Divide the numerator by the positive square root of 16. Square both sides of the equation. x = 10 −7 = 10 − 25(10) + 39 Check the solution in the original equation. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. 289 The equation asks you to subtract the positive −7 = 10 − 17 square root of 289 from 10. 468. 469. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. −7 = 10 − Simplify the expression under the radical sign. add 4 to both sides and divide the result by 3. 25x + 39 = 289 Subtract 39 from both sides and divide the result by 25. (Refer to Chapter 16 for practice and tips for 256 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Check the solution in the original equation.501 Algebra Questions 466. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. The solution x = 6 checks out. 467. 25x + 39 = 17 Square both sides. Check the solution in the original equation. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. 13x + 43 = 11 13x + 43 = 121 x=6 3 13(6) + 43 − 4 = 29 3 121 − 4 = 29 3(11) − 4 = 29 29 = 29 multiply both sides by 5x + 1. Solve for x by factoring using the trinomial factor form and setting each factor equal to zero and solving for x. The radical is alone on one side. Evaluate the left side of the equation. Square 28 = 7 5x + 1 4 = 5x + 1 16 = 5x + 1 3=x 28 √5(3) + 1 28 √16 28 4 =7 =7 =7 7=7 both sides. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. Subtract 43 from both sides and divide by 13. x2 + 2x − 8 = 0 The result is a quadratic equation. −7 = −7 The solution x = 10 checks out.

Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. x cannot equal −4. Therefore x ≠ −1. The solution checks out. Letting each factor equal zero and solving for x results in two possible solutions.501 Algebra Questions factoring quadratic equations. The only solution for the original equation is x = 3. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. x= −1 is an extraneous root. Therefore. x2 = 2x + 3 x2 − 2x − 3 = (x − 3)(x + 1) = 0 (3) = (−1) = ≠1 2(3 + 3) = 2(−1) + 3 = 9=3 −1 1=1 257 Team-LRN . 470. Put it into standard form and factor the equation using the trinomial factor form to ﬁnd the solutions. With the radical alone on one side of the x2 + 2x − 8 = (x + 4)(x − 2) = 0 x+4=0 x = −4 (−4) = 8 − 2(−4) −4 −4 = 16 ≠4 x−2=0 x=2 (2) = 8 − 2(2) 2= 4 2=2 equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Subtract 4 from both sides. Subtract 2 from both sides. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. The radical sign calls for a positive root. Therefore. The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions. x = −4 is an example of an extraneous root. x = 3 and/or −1. square both sides. The positive square root of 4 is 2. Then check the solutions in the original equation. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. the only solution for the equation is x = 2. Check the solution in the original equation.) It will be important to check each solution.

Subtract (7x − 10) from both sides of the equation. 258 x2 = 7x − 10 Team-LRN . 2 = 4 or 2 = 2 There are two solutions to the original equation. (−3) = (−3) + 12 You could simplify the expression under the radical sign to get the square root of 9. x = 2 and x = 5. Square both sides of the equation. x + 3 = 0 x = −3 Check each solution in the original equation to rule out an extraneous solution. (2) = 7(2) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. So. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. x2 − x − 12 = 0 The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions. (4) = (4) + 12 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. x = −3 is not a solution.501 Algebra Questions 471. x2 − 7x + 10 = 0 Factor the quadratic equation to ﬁnd the solutions. 5 = 25 or 5 = 5 The solution x = 5 is a solution to the original equation. However. 4 = 16 The solution x = 4 checks out. 472. (5) = 7(5) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. and the left side of the original equation when x = −3 is a negative number. x2 − x − 12 = (x − 4)(x + 3) = 0 Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. and check each in the original equation to rule out any extraneous solution. x2 − 7x + 10 = (x − 5)(x − 2) = 0 The ﬁrst factor will give you the solution x = 5. Factor the equation to ﬁnd the solutions and check in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. The second factor will give the solution x = 2. Now check the second solution to the quadratic equation in the original. the radical sign indicates that the positive solution is called for. Check the ﬁrst solution for the quadratic equation in the original equation. x−4=0 x=4 Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. x2 = x + 12 Subtract (x + 12) from both sides of the equation.

x = 2 . Substitute 1.5) 9 = 3 or 3 = 3 Subtract (2 − from both sides of the equation. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. There is one solution 1 for the original equation. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction. Check the solution x = −4 in the original equation. The only solution for the original equation is x = 1. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. x = 1.501 Algebra Questions 473. That cannot be true for the original equation. the result will be 1 = −1.5. Simplify the expression. so x = 1 2 7 7 x + 4 = 0. so x ≠ −0. When you substitute −0. Square both sides of the equation.5 2x − 3 = 0. 1 2 2 − 2 x = x2 0 = x2 + 2 x − 2 0 = 2x2 + 7x − 4 2x2 + 7x − 4 = (2x − 1)(x + 4) = 0 2x − 1 = 0. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. 474. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Simplify the terms on each side of the equal sign. Transform the equation into a quadratic equation. 7 2 x) 4x + 3 = 4x2 4x2 − 4x − 3 = 0 4x2 − 4x − 3 = (2x + 1)(2x − 3) = 0 2x + 1 = 0. Square both sides of the radical equation. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. x = −0.5 for x in the original equation. Factor using the trinomial factor form.5 for x in the original equation. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x.5. 1 2 2 − 7 (−4) = (−4) 2 16 = (−4) or 4 = −4 259 Team-LRN . Factor the result using the trinomial factor form. This is not true.5) + 3 = 2(1. so x = −4 2 − 7(1) = (2) 2 2 2− 1 2 7 4 1 = 2 − 13 = 4 1 4 = 1 2 = So x = is a solution.5 4(1.

501 Algebra Questions 475. Check the second possible solution 3 − 1 −2 1 = in the original equation. 1 Therefore. Square both sides of the equation. x = −2 2 is not a solution to the original equation. Letting each factor of the trinomial factors equal zero results in two possible solutions for the original 1 equation. 260 Team-LRN . x = 4 and/or x = −2 2 . Factor using the trinomial factor form. Multiply the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction. Add ( 2x − 10) to both sides of the equation. 2 ( 2 2 ) + 10 2 A negative number cannot be equal to a positive square root as the radical sign in the original expression calls for. The only solution for this equation is x = 4. 4 = 16 or 4 = 4 The solution x = 4 checks out as a solution for the original equation. −3 x2 = 2 x + 10 x2 − 2 x − 10 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = (x − 4)(2x + 5) = 0 3 3 4= 3 (4) 2 + 10 Simplify the radical expression. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation.

as when the radicand is equal to a negative number. In Chapter 17 you practiced using factoring to solve quadratic equations. Some solutions will be in the form of whole numbers or fractions. The quadratic formula tells you that for any equation in the form ax2 + −b ± √b2 − 4ac . one when you add the radical and one when you subtract it. the solution will be x = 2a quadratic formula are also called the roots of the equation. Some will be undeﬁned. The quadratic formula will allow you to ﬁnd solutions for any quadratic equation that can be put in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. Some will be in the form of a radical. but factoring is useful only for those equations that can easily be factored. you will have the opportunity to practice solving equations using the quadratic formula. b. The solutions found using the bx + c = 0.20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula In this chapter. where a. and c are numbers. The ± in the quadratic equation tells you that there will be two solutions. Team-LRN .

b. For solutions that contain a radical. 2x2 = 27 484. 6x2 + 13x − 28 = 0 479. 23x2 = 2(8x − 1) 491. 5x2 = 18x − 17 485. 24x2 + 18x − 6 = 0 493. x2 = 20x − 19 490. 5x2 − 12x + 1 = 0 262 Team-LRN . Reduce answers to their simplest form or to the simplest radical form. When you are asked to ﬁnd the solution to the nearest hundredth. x2 + 7x = 5 489. be sure to simplify the radical as you practiced in Chapter 18. 476. 18x2 + 9x + 1 = 0 480. x2 + 10x + 12 = 0 492. and c in the quadratic equation to determine the solution for the original equation. you can use a calculator to ﬁnd the value of the radical. 2x2 − 7x − 30 = 0 478.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula ■ ■ ■ Transform the equation into the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. 5x2 + 52x + 20 = 0 487. 6x2 + 17x = 28 481. Use of a calculator is recommended. x2 = −5x −2 2 488. 7x2 = 4(3x + 1) 494. Solve the following equations using the quadratic formula. 3x2 + 11x − 7 = 0 486. Use the values for a. 1 2 3x + 4x − 3 = 0 3 495. 3x2 + 5x = 0 483. x2 + 2x − 15 = 0 477. 14x2 = 12x + 32 482.

501 Algebra Questions Find the solution to the following equations to the nearest hundredth. 11k2 − 32k + 10 = 0 263 Team-LRN . 496. 3m2 + 21m − 8 = 0 498. 11r2 − 4r − 7 = 0 497. 5s2 + 12s − 1 = 0 500. 4c2 − 11c + 2 = 0 501. 4y2 = 16y − 5 499.

Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The two solutions for the variable x are x = 3 and x = −5. or [ ]. Find the two solutions for x by simplifying terms.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. { }. 264 Team-LRN . and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. First add the terms in the numerator. The solutions are underlined. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 476. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. a = 2 b = −7 x= −(−7) c = −30 ± √(−7)2 − 4(2)(−30) 2(2) x= 7 ± √49 − (−240) 4 = 7 ± √289 4 = 7 ± 17 4 x= x= 7 + 17 4 7 − 17 4 = = 24 4 = 6 and −10 − 4 = 2. Evaluate the square root of 64. list the values for a.5. list the values for a. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. a = 1 b = 2 c = −15 x= x= x= −(2) ± √(2)2 − 4(1)(−15) 2(1) − (−60) 2 −2±√4 −2 = −2 ± √64 2 ±8 2 x= x= −2 +8 2 −2 − 8 2 = = 6 2 = 3 and −10 − 2 = 5 First. First. b. Regardless of what symbol is used. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). and c.5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 6 and x = −2. The equation is in the proper form. ( ). Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 477. and then subtract them. b. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The equation is in the proper form.

Simplify the expression. = First. a = 18 b = 9 c = 1 x= x= −(9) ± √(9)2 − 4(18)(1) 2(18) −9 ± √81 − 72 36 = −9 ± √9 36 = −9 ±3 36 The two solutions for the variable x are x 480. 16 1 12 = 1 3 and −42 1 = 12 = −3 2 1 1 1 3 and x = −3 2 . The equation is in the proper form. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. First transform the equation into the −6 −1 +3 36 = 36 = 6 −12 −1 x = 36 = 3 −1 −1 = 6 and x = 3 . The equation is in the proper form. x= −9 and proper form. Subtract 88 from both sides of the equation. 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 28 − 28 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 0 a = 6 b = 17 c = −28 x= x= −(17) ± √(17)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) −17 ± √289 + 672 12 = −17 ± √961 12 = −17 ± 31 12 x= x= + 31 12 −17 − 31 12 −17 = = 1 14 1 12 = 1 6 and −48 − 12 = 4 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 1 6 and x = −4.501 Algebra Questions 478. a = 6 b = 13 c = −28 x= x= −(13) −13 ± √(13)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) ± √169 + 672 12 = −13 ± √841 12 = −13 ± 29 12 x= x= + 29 12 −13 − 29 12 −13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 479. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Simplify the expression. and c. First. Combine like terms on both sides. and c. list the values for a. b. list the values for a. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. b. Now list the values for a. b. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 265 Team-LRN .

and c = 0. So you could write the equation in the proper form like this: 2x2 + 0x − 27 = 0 Now list the values for a. and c. The equation may not appear to be in proper form because there is no value for c. there appears to be no coefﬁcient for the x term unless you realize that 0x = 0. Simplify the expression. and c. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. b = 5. b. −5 = = 0 6 = 0 and −10 − 2 6 = 13 equation. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. a = 14 b = −12 c = −32 Substitute the values into the −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(14)(−32) quadratic equation. and then your values would be a = 3. a = 2 b = 0 c = −27 Substitute the values into the −(0) ± √(0)2 − 4(2)(−27) quadratic equation. 2x2 − 27 = 27 − 27 or 2x2 − 27 = 0. b. 482. But you could write it as 3x2 + 5x + 0 = 0. 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 0 Now list the values for a. Subtract 27 from both sides of the +5 6 −5 − 5 x= 6 2 = −1 3 .501 Algebra Questions 481. First transform the equation into the proper form. and c values. Add (−12x − 32) to both sides of the equation. x= 2(14) Simplify the expression. 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 12x + 32 − 12x − 32 Combine like terms. In this equation. x= ± √216 2(2) = ± √9 · 4 · 6 2(2) = ± 3 · 2√6 2(2) = ± 3√6 2 266 Team-LRN . Try it yourself. x= 2(2) Simplify the expression. x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(3)(0) 2(3) x=− x= 5 ± √25 − 0 6 = −5 ±5 6 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 0 and x 483. However. the solution would have been the same. you could have divided both sides of the equation by 2 before listing your a. x= 12 ± √144 + 1792 28 = 12 ± √1936 28 = 12 ± 44 28 x= x= 12 + 44 28 12 − 44 28 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 56 28 = 2 and −32 1 = 28 = −1 7 1 2 and x = −1 7 . = Yes.

Simplify the expression. ± 3√6 2 = ± 12 1 1 6 6. Simplify the expression. a = 3 b = 11 c = −7 x= x= −(11) ± √(11)2 − 4(3)(−7) 2(3) −11 ± √121 + 84 6 5 1 6 = −11 ± √205 6 = −1 6 ± 5 1 6 205 The solutions for the variable x are x = −1 6 ± 486.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the radical. List the values of a. there are no solutions for this equation. and c. b. x= x= + 48 10 − 52 − 48 10 −52 = = −4 − 10 = 0. and c. 485.4 and −100 − 10 = 10 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −0. Transform the equation into the desired form. Combine like terms on both sides. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 267 Team-LRN . 205. ± √(52)2 − 4(5)(20) 2(5) −52 ± √2704 − 400 10 = −52 ± √2304 10 = −52 ± 48 10 Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 18x − 18x − 17 + 17 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 0 a = 5 b = −18 c = 17 x= x= −(−18) ± √(−18)2 − 4(5)(17) 2(5) 18 ± √324 − 340 10 = 18 ± √−16 10 and c. The two solutions for the variable x are x = ± 1 2 484. b. a = 5 b = 52 c = 20 x= x= −(52) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Now list the values for a. Since there is no rational number equal to the square root of a negative number. Simplify the expression. b.4 and x = −10. List the values of a. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Subtract 18x and add 17 to both sides.

and c. Transform the equation into proper form. b. b. x= Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 23x2 = 16x − 2 23x2 − 16x + 2 = 0 a = 23 b = −16 c = 2 x= −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(23)(2) 2(23) 268 Team-LRN . Then add 5x + 2 to both sides of the equation. 490. 2x2 = −5x − 2 2x2 + 5x + 2 = 0 a=2 b=5 c=2 x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(2)(2) 2(2) −2 −1 = −5 ± √25 − 16 2(2) −5 = −8 −5 ±3 4 x= −5 +3 4 = 4 = 1 2 and x = −3 4 = 4 = −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = − 2 and x = −2. List the values of a. b. Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. x2 − 20x + 19 = 0 a = 1 b = −20 c = 19 x= −(−20) ± √(−20)2 − 4(1)(19) 2(1) Simplify the expression. Subtract 16x and add 2 to both sides. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 488. Simplify the expression. and c. x= x= 20 ± √400 − 76 2 = 20 ± √324 2 = 20 ±18 2 20 + 18 2 20 − 18 2 = = 38 2 = 19 2 2 =1 and The two solutions for the variable x are x = 19 and x = 1. Transform the equation by subtracting 5 from both sides. x2 + 7x − 5 = 0 a = 1 b = 7 c = −5 x= x= 1 −(7) ± √(7)2 − 4(1)(−5) 2(1) −7 ± √49 + 20 2 1 2 = −7 ± √69 2 = −3 2 ± 1 1 2 69 The solution for the variable x is x = −3 2 ± 489. List the values of a. Transform the equation by subtracting 69. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the right side of the equation. multiply both sides of the equation by 2. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.501 Algebra Questions 487. b. List the values of a. First. List the values of a. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 20x and adding 19 to both sides of the equation.

13 and x = −5 − a = 24 b = 18 c = −6 x= x= −(18) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 2. List the values of a.501 Algebra Questions x= 16 ± √256 − 184 2(23) = 16 ± √72 2(23) = 16 ± √4 · 9 · 2 2(23) 8 23 = ± 2 · 8 ± 2 · 3 √2 2(23) 3 23 = 8 ± 3 √2 23 = 8 23 ± 3 23 2 The solution for the variable x is x = 491. a = 1 b = 10 c = 12 x= −(10) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. b. Simplify the expression. proper form. List the values of a. b. 269 Team-LRN . Transform the equation into the and x = −1. and c. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. and c. b. and c. x= −10 ± √(102 − 4(1)(12) 2(1) ± √100 − 48 2 = −10 ± √52 2 = −10 ± √4 · 13 2 = −10 ± 2√13 2 = −5 ± 13. ± √(18)2 − 4(24)(−6) 2(24) −18 ± √324 + 576 48 = −18 ± √900 48 = −18 ± 30 48 x= x= + 30 48 −18 − 30 48 1 4 −18 = = 12 1 48 = 4 and −48 − 48 = 1 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 493. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Then subtract (12x + 4) from both sides. 13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −5 + 492. First use the distributive property of multiplication. 7x2 = 4(3x) + 4(1) = 12x + 4 7x2 − 12x − 4 = 0 a=7 b = −12 c = −4 x= x= −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(7)(−4) 2(7) 12 ± √144 + 112 14 = 12 ± √256 14 = 12 ± 16 14 x= x= 12 + 16 14 12 − 16 14 = = 28 14 −4 14 = 2 and = −2 7 −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 2 and x = 7 . List the values of a.

and c.36 and −44. Simplify the expression. 6 + √31 5 and x = a = 11 b = −4 x= −(−4) c = −7 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. + 3√73 8 and x = 9 − 3√73 . you get Simplify the terms. Substitute into the expression and simplify.17 6 = 0.64 The two solutions for the variable r are r = 1 and r = −0.17. and c. List the values of a. You could use the fractions as values for a and b. 12 ± √144 − 20 = x= 2(5) ± √(−12)2 − 4(5)(1) 2(5) = 12 ± √4 · 31 2(5) = 12 ± 2√31 2(5) 6 − √31 5 . ± √(21)2 − 4(3)(−8) 2(3) −21 ± √441 + 96 6 = −21 ± √537 6 m= m= −21 + 23. 4x2 + 9x − 36 = 0 a = 4 b = 9 c = −36 x= x= = −(9) 1 3 3 ± √(9)2 − 4(4)(−36) 2(4) −9 ± √657 ± √81 + 576 = 8 8 −9 ± √9 · 73 −9 ± 3 √73 = 8 8 −9 −9 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 495. 270 Team-LRN .36 6 The two solutions for the variable m are m = 0. 12( 3 x2 + 4 x − 3 = 0) 12(13x2) + 12( 4 x) − 12(3) = 12(0). Simplify the expression. and c.17 6 = = 2. a = 3 b = 21 c = −8 m= m= −(21) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b.17 = −7. b.64. b. Simplify the expression. = 6 ± √31 5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 496. r= Find the two solutions for r by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. List the values of a. 497. b.36 and m = −7.17 6 −21 − 23. 8 a = 5 b = −12 x= 12 ± √124 2(5) −(−12) c=1 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. The square root of 537 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 23. List the values of a. Using the distributive property.501 Algebra Questions 494. and c. r = r= 4 ± √16 + 308 22 4 + 18 22 4 − 18 22 = 4 ± √324 22 = 4 ± 18 22 = = 22 22 = 1 and −14 − 22 = 0.36. List the values of a. but it might be easier to ﬁrst transform the equation by multiplying it by 12. ± √(−4)2 − 4(11)(−7) 2(11) Simplify the expression.

499. and c.17 22 32 − 24. b.34. and c.08 and s = −2.66 8 16 − 4(3. s= The square root of 164 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 12. List the values of a.43 = 8 = 2.48.72 = 8 = 0. and c.81 and s = 500. List the values of a. 271 Team-LRN . List the values of a. b.81 10 = 10 = −2. ± √(−11)2 − 4(4)(2) 2(4) 11 ± √121 − 32 11 ± √89 11 ± 9. b. a = 4 b = −11 c= c= c= c= 501.8322 = 0. and c.55 and k = 0.43 1.55 and c = 0. −(−11) c=2 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.20. a = 11 b = −32 k= k= k= k= −(−32) c = 10 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. s= −12 ± √144 + 20 10 = −12 ± √164 10 −12 + 12. List the values of a. Combine like terms.20 8 The two solutions for the variable c are c = 2.28 = 8 = 3. a = 5 b = 12 c = −1 s= −(12) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.66 and y = 0. ± √(12)2 − 4(5)(−1) 2(5) Simplify the expression. Substitute into the expression and simplify.55 and 8 11 − 9.32) 2.32) 29.17 22 = 2.081 −24. ± √(−32)2 − 4(11)(10) 2(11) 32 ± √1024 − 440 22 32 + 24.17 22 = 32 ± √584 22 = 32 ± 24. 16 ± √256 − 80 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 16y − 5 − 16y + 5 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 0 a = 4 b = −16 c = 5 y= = −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(4)(5) 2(4) 16 ± √176 8 = 16 ± √16 · 11 8 = 16 ± 4√11 8 y= y= 16 + 4 (3.32.34 8 and The two solutions for the variable y are y = 3. Substitute into the expression and simplify. Simplify the expression.43 20.48 The two solutions for the variable s are s = 0. Transform the equation by subtracting 16y from and adding 5 to both sides. Simplify the expression.81.81 10 −12 = 0.55 and = 7. y= 8 The square root of 11 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 3.43 = = 8 8 8 11 + 9. − 12. b. Simplify the expression. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.17 22 = 56.81 10 = 0.57 = 8 = 0.36 The two solutions for the variable k are k = 2.36.501 Algebra Questions 498.