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Algebra Questions

Team-LRN

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501

Algebra Questions

®

NEW YORK Team-LRN

Copyright © 2002 LearningExpress, LLC. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Recco, William. 501 algebra questions / William Recco.—1st ed. p. cm. ISBN 1-57685-424-8 (pbk.) 1. Algebra. I. Title: Five hundred one algebra questions. II. Title: Five hundred and one algebra questions. III. Title. QA152.2 .R42 2002 512—dc21 2002004440 Printed in the United States of America 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 First Edition ISBN 1-57685-424-8 For more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at: 55 Broadway 8th Floor New York, NY 10006 Or visit us at: www.learnatest.com

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The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team is comprised of experts in test preparation, as well as educators and teachers who specialize in language arts and math. LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team Brigit Dermott Freelance Writer English Tutor, New York Cares New York, New York Sandy Gade Project Editor LearningExpress New York, New York Kerry McLean Project Editor Math Tutor Shirley, New York William Recco Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 New York Shoreham/Wading River School District Math Tutor St. James, New York Colleen Schultz Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 Vestal Central School District Math Tutor Vestal, New York

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Contents Introduction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Working with Integers Working with Algebraic Expressions Combining Like Terms Solving Basic Equations Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides Using Formulas to Solve Equations Graphing Linear Equations Solving Inequalities ix 1 12 24 41 49 58 72 81 110 119 142 172 186 194 10 Graphing Inequalities 11 Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities 12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically 13 Working with Exponents 14 Multiplying Polynomials Team-LRN .

Contents 15 Factoring Polynomials 16 Using Factoring 17 Solving Quadratic Equations 18 Simplifying Radicals 19 Solving Radical Equations 20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula 206 215 229 242 250 261 viii Team-LRN .

The book is organized into twenty chapters with a variety of arithmetic. The structure follows a common sequence of concepts introduced in basic algebra courses. Instead. Or. It’s for anyone who has ever taken a course in algebra and needs to refresh and revive forgotten skills. as each succeeding chapter builds on skills taught in previous chap- Team-LRN . You may want to follow the sequence. look at the table of contents to see the types of algebra topics covered in this book. it provides 501 problems so you can ﬂex your muscles and practice a variety of mathematical and algebraic skills.Introduction This book is designed to provide you with review and practice for algebra success! It is not intended to teach common algebra topics. If at some point you feel you need further explanation about some of the algebra topics highlighted in this book. you can ﬁnd them in the LearningExpress publication Algebra Success in 20 Minutes a Day. How To Use This Book First. it can be used by teachers and tutors who need to reinforce student skills. algebra. and word problems. 501 Algebra Questions is designed for many audiences. It can be used to supplement current instruction in a math class.

If you ﬁnd yourself getting stuck solving a problem. every problem has a complete step-by-step explanation for the solutions. Why you do a math operation is as important as how you do it. it is important to be as organized and sequential in your written steps as possible. So sharpen your pencil and practice! x Team-LRN . In this book. you can look at the answer explanation and use it to help you understand the problem-solving process. you become skillful with practice. you may want to jump around from topic to topic. Chapters are arranged using the same method. Make a Commitment Success does not come without effort. It’s not the answer that matters most—it’s the process and the reasoning skills that you want to master. Like an athlete preparing for the next season or a musician warming up for a concert. If you truly want to be successful. you have laid the foundation for future challenges and success. But if your skills are just rusty. If you are unfamiliar with prime numbers. As you are solving problems. You can do it! When you achieve algebra success. If you have difﬁculty factoring numbers. you are given one model problem and then asked to do many problems following that model. If after completing all the problems in a section you feel that you need more practice. make a commitment to spend the time you need to do a good job. Second. Work for understanding. do the problems over. You will probably want to have a calculator handy as you work through some of the sections. In many books. or if you are using this book to supplement topics you are currently learning. Last. the multiplication chart on the next page may help you. you are presented with a variety of problems that generally range from easier to more difﬁcult problems and their answer explanations. The purpose of drills and practice is to make you proﬁcient at solving problems. Each chapter has an introduction describing the mathematical concepts covered in the chapter. Make the commitment to improve your algebra skills.501 Algebra Questions ters. It’s always a good idea to use it to check your calculations. use the list on the next page so you won’t waste time trying to factor numbers that can’t be factored. there are helpful tips on how to practice the problems in each chapter. And don’t forget to keep lots of scrap paper on hand.

501 Algebra Questions × 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 Multiplication Table 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 15 18 21 24 27 20 24 28 32 36 25 30 35 40 45 30 36 42 48 54 35 42 49 56 63 40 48 56 64 72 45 54 63 72 81 50 60 70 80 90 55 66 77 88 99 60 72 84 96 108 Prime 13 53 101 151 199 263 317 383 443 503 577 641 701 769 839 911 983 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 132 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144 2 31 73 127 179 233 283 353 419 467 547 607 661 739 811 877 947 3 37 79 131 181 239 293 359 421 479 557 613 673 743 821 881 953 5 41 83 137 191 241 307 367 431 487 563 617 677 751 823 883 967 Commonly Used 7 11 43 47 89 97 139 149 193 197 251 257 311 313 373 379 433 439 491 499 569 571 619 631 683 691 757 761 827 829 887 907 971 977 Numbers 17 19 59 61 103 107 157 163 211 223 269 271 331 337 389 397 449 457 509 521 587 593 643 647 709 719 773 787 853 857 919 929 991 997 23 67 109 167 227 277 347 401 461 523 599 653 727 797 859 937 1009 29 71 113 173 229 281 349 409 463 541 601 659 733 809 863 941 1013 xi Team-LRN .

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501 Algebra Questions Team-LRN .

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**Working With Integers
**

For some people, it is helpful to try to simplify expressions containing signed numbers as much as possible. When you ﬁnd signed numbers with addition and subtraction operations, you can simplify the task by changing all subtraction to addition. Subtracting a number is the same as adding its opposite. For example, subtracting a three is the same as adding a negative three. Or subtracting a negative fourteen is the same as adding a positive fourteen. As you go through the step-by-step answer explanations, you will begin to see how this process of using only addition can help simplify your understanding of operations with signed numbers. As you begin to gain conﬁdence, you may be able to eliminate some of the steps by doing them in you head and not having to write them down. After all, that’s the point of practice! You work at the problems until the process becomes automatic. Then you own that process and you are ready to use it in other situations. The Tips for Working with Integers section below gives you some simple rules to follow as you solve problems with integers. Refer to them each time you do a problem until you don’t need to look at them. That’s when you can consider them yours. You will also want to review the rules for Order of Operations with numerical expressions. You can use a memory device called a mnemonic to help you remember a set of instructions. Try remembering the word PEMDAS. This nonsense word helps you remember to:

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501 Algebra Questions

P do operations inside Parentheses E evaluate terms with Exponents M D do Multiplication and Division in order from left to right A S Add and Subtract terms in order from left to right

**Tips for Working with Integers
**

Addition Signed numbers the same? Find the SUM and use the same sign. Signed numbers different? Find the DIFFERENCE and use the sign of the larger number. (The larger number is the one whose value without a positive or negative sign is greatest.) Addition is commutative. That is, you can add numbers in any order and the result is the same. As an example, 3 + 5 = 5 + 3, or −2 + −1 = −1 + −2. Subtraction Change the operation sign to addition, change the sign of the number following the operation, then follow the rules for addition. Multiplication/Division Signs the same? Multiply or divide and give the result a positive sign. Signs different? Multiply or divide and give the result a negative sign. Multiplication is commutative. You can multiply terms in any order and the result will be the same. For example: (2 • 5 • 7) = (2 • 7 • 5) = (5 • 2 • 7) = (5 • 7 • 2) and so on. Evaluate the following expressions.

1. 27 + −5 2. 3.

−18 −11

+ −20 − 16 − −8

4. 33 + −16 5. 8 + −4 − 12 6. 38 ÷ −2 + 9 7. 8.

−25 −6

· −3 + 15 · −5

· −3 · −2

9. 24 · −8 + 2 10. 2 · −3 · −7 11.

−15

+ 5 + −11

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**501 Algebra Questions 12. (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) 13. 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 14.
**

−(5

· 3) + (12 ÷ −4)

15. (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) 16. 23 + (64 ÷ −16) 17. 23 − (−4)2 18. (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 19. 24 + (9 + −6)3 20. (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) 21. A scuba diver descends 80 feet, rises 25 feet, descends 12 feet, and then

rises 52 feet where he will do a safety stop for ﬁve minutes before surfacing. At what depth did he do his safety stop?

22. A digital thermometer records the daily high and low temperatures. The

high for the day was +3° C. The low was −10° C. What was the difference between the day’s high and low temperatures? During the month, checks were written in the amounts of $25, $82, $213, and $97. Deposits were made into the account in the amounts of $84 and $116. What was the balance at the end of the month?

23. A checkbook balance sheet shows an initial balance for the month of $300.

24. A gambler begins playing a slot machine with $10 in quarters in her coin

bucket. She plays 15 quarters before winning a jackpot of 50 quarters. She then plays 20 more quarters in the same machine before walking away. How many quarters does she now have in her coin bucket?

25. A glider is towed to an altitude of 2,000 feet above the ground before

being released by the tow plane. The glider loses 450 feet of altitude before ﬁnding an updraft that lifts it 1,750 feet. What is the glider’s altitude now?

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501 Algebra Questions

Answers

Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses, the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ), it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used, ( ), { }, or [ ], perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result.

1. The signs of the terms are different, so ﬁnd the difference

of the values. The sign of the larger term is positive, so the sign of the result is positive.

2. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

−18

[27 − 5 = 22] 27 + −5 = +22

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Since all the signs are negative, add the absolute value of the numbers. Since the signs were negative, the result is negative. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows:

3. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

+ −20 + (−16)

[18 + 20 + 16 = 54]

−18 −18

**+ −20 + −16 = −54 + −20 − 16 = −54
**

−11

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Subtract the absolute value of the numbers. Give the result the sign of the larger term. The simpliﬁed expression is as follows:

4. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.

+ +8

[11 − 8 = 3] + +8 = −3 −11 − −8 = −3

−11

Give the result the sign of the larger term.

[33 − 16 = 17] 33 + −16 = +17

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Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Because all the operators are multiplication. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 8. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 7. Substitute the result into the expression. With three terms.501 Algebra Questions 5. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (−6 · −3) · −2 [6 · 3 = +18] (+18) · −2 (+18) · −2 = −36 −6 · −3 · −2 = −36 5 Team-LRN . Now substitute the result into the original expression. Signs different? Divide and give the 8 + −4 + −12 8 + (−4 + −12) [(−4 + −12) = −16] 8 + (−16) [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + (−16) = −8 8 + −4 − 12 = −8 [(38 ÷ −2) = −19] (−19) + 9 [19 − 9 = 10] (−19) + 9 = −10 38 ÷ −2 + 9 = −10 result the negative sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. First perform the multiplications. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Give the result the sign of the larger term. you [−25 · −3 = +75] [15 · −5 = −75] (+75) + (−75) [75 − 75 = 0] −25 · −3 + 15 · −5 = 0 could group any two terms and the result would be the same. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Let’s group the ﬁrst two terms. Now substitute the results into the original expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 6. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. First divide. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Substitute the result into the ﬁrst expression. ﬁrst group like terms and add. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it.

Substitute into the original expression. First evaluate the expressions within the (−15 + 5) + −11 [15 − 5 = 10] [(−15 + 5) = −10] (−10) + −11 [10 + 11 = 21] (−10) + −11 = −21 −15 + 5 + −11 = −21 parentheses. Or you could just work from left to right. Group the terms being multiplied and evaluate. Substitute. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Let’s group the last two terms. Substitute. (24 · −8) + 2 [24 · −8 = −192] (−192) + 2 [192 − 2 = 190] (−192) + 2 = −190 24 · −8 + 2 = −190 Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Because all the operators are addition. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: [49 ÷ 7 = 7] [48 ÷ −4 = −12] (7) − (−12) 7 + +12 7 + +12 = +19 (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) = +19 6 Team-LRN . Substitute. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 12. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign.501 Algebra Questions 9. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. you could group any two terms and the result would be the same. Because all the operators are multiplication. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 10. you could 2 · (−3 · −7) [(−3 · −7) = +21] 2 · (+21) 2 · (+21) = +42 2 · −3 · −7 = +42 group any two terms and the result would be the same. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 11. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value.

Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: + (−3) [15 + 3 = 18] −(15) + (−3) = −18 −(5 · 3) + (12 ÷ −4) = −18 7 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 14. Now perform additions from left to right. Substitute. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute the values into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 13. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Add from left to right. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. First evaluate the expressions within the 5 + −11 + −3 + 8 (5 + −11) + −3 + 8 [11 − 5 = 6] [5 + −11 = −6] (−6) + −3 + 8 (−6 + −3) + 8 [−6 + −3 = −9] (−9) + 8 [9 − 8 = 1] (−9) + 8 = −1 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 = −1 [5 · 3 = 15] [12 ÷ −4 = −3] −(15) parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute.

[(−18 ÷ 2)] [18 ÷ 2 = 9] [(−18 ÷ 2 = −9)] (6 · −3) [6 · 3 = 18] (6 · −3) = −18 (−9) − (−18) (−9) + (+18) [18 − 9 = 9] (−9) + (+18) = +9 (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) = +9 (64 ÷ −16) [64 ÷ 16 = 4] (64 ÷ −16 = −4) 23 + (−4) [23 − 4 = 19] 23 + (−4) = +19 23 + (64 ÷ −16) = +19 [23 = 2 · 2 · 2 = 8] [(−4)2 = (−4) · (−4)] [4 · 4 = 16] [(−4)2 = +16] 23 − (−4)2 = (8) − (+16) 8 + −16 [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + −16 = −8 Substitute the values into the original expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. The order of operations tells us to evaluate the terms with exponents ﬁrst. Substitute the values of terms with exponents into the original expression. First evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.501 Algebra Questions 15. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 16. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. 8 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 17. Signs different? Multiply the term values and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the value into the original expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign.

Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Evaluate the terms with exponents. Signs different? Multiply the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values of the expressions in parentheses into the original expression. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 9 Team-LRN . Substitute the values into the expression. Substitute values into the original expression. Substitute the value into the expression.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 18. Evaluate the term with the exponent. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 20. First evaluate the expression within the parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. parentheses. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. First evaluate the expressions within the 19. First evaluate the expressions within the 23 − (−4)2 = −8 [3 − 5] [3 + (−5)] [5 − 3 = 2] [3 − 5 = −2] [18 ÷ 6 = 3] (−2)3 + (3)2 [(−2)3 = −2 · −2 · −2] [(−2 · −2) · −2 = (+4) · −2] [(+4) · −2 = −8] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] (−2)3 + (3)2 = −8 + 9 9 − 8 = +1 (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 = +1 [9 + −6] [9 − 6 = 3] [9 + −6 = +3] 24 + (+3)3 [(+3)3 = 33 = 27] 24 + (27) = 51 24 + (9 + −6)3 = 51 [32 + 6 = (9) + 6 = 15] [−24 ÷ 8 = −3] (15) ÷ (−3) [15 ÷ 3 = 5] (15) ÷ (−3) = −5 (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) = −5 parentheses. Substitute the value into the expression.

10 Team-LRN . You could simply ﬁgure that +3°C is 3° above zero and −10°C is 10° below. Give all the descending distances a negative sign and the ascending distances a positive sign. (−80 + −12) + (+25 + +52) Evaluate the numerical expression in each parentheses. represented by negative signed numbers. You can consider that balances and deposits are positive signed numbers while checks are deductions. [300 + +84 + +116 = +500] [(−25 + −82 + −213 + −97 = −417] Substitute the values into the revised expression. Going up is in the positive direction. [−80 + −12 = −92] [+25 + +52 = +77] Substitute the values into the numerical expression. [92 − 77 = 15] −15 feet. The diver took his rest stop at 22. 23. If you think of distance above sea level as a positive number.501 Algebra Questions 21. So the difference is the total of 3° + 10° = 13°. then you must think of going below sea level as a negative number. That would be represented by the following +3° − −10° = +3° + +10° = +13° equation. while going down is in the negative direction. The resulting numerical expression would be −80 + +25 + −12 + +52 as follows: Because addition is commutative. you can associate like-signed numbers. An expression to represent the activity during the month would be as follows: 300 + −25 + −82 + −213 + −97 + +84 + +116 Because addition is commutative. (300 + +84 + +116) + (−25 + −82 + −213 + −97) Evaluate the numbers within each parentheses. you can associate like signed numbers. (−92) + (+77) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Or you could ﬁnd the difference between +3° and −10°. (+500) + (−417) = +83 The balance at the end of the month would be $83.

750 − 450 = 3. [+2. [3.501 Algebra Questions 24. ascending is a positive number while descending is a neg- ative number. the expression would be as follows: 40 − 15 + 50 − 20 Change all operation signs to addition and the sign of the number that follows.000 + −450 + +1.300] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (+3.000 + +1. (90) + (−35) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.750] Substitute into the revised equation. [40 + 50 = 90] [−15 + − 20 = −35] Substitute into the revised expression. 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 Because addition is commutative. In chronological order.300 11 Team-LRN . you can associate like-signed numbers.000 + +1. (40 + 50) + (−15 + − 20) Use the rules for adding integers with like signs. you can associate like-signed numbers.750) + −450 Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. You can assume ground level is the zero point. (+3. An expression that represents the problem +2. You ﬁrst ﬁgure out how many quarters she starts with. Four quarters per dollar gives you 4 · 10 = 40 quarters.750 is as follows: Because addition is commutative. (+2.750 = +3. As in problem 21. [90 − 35 = 55] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 = 55 25. You can write an expression that represents the quarters in the bucket and the quarters added and subtracted.750) + −450 = +3.750) + −450 Evaluate the expression in the parentheses.

Use PEMDAS to perform operations in the proper order.2 Working with Algebraic Expressions This chapter contains 25 algebraic expressions. each can contain up to ﬁve variables. Recall and use the Tips for Working with Integers from Chapter 1. Team-LRN . Work on developing a similar style throughout. you are to substitute the assigned values for the variables into the expression and evaluate the expression. When given numerical values for the variables. Remember that a variable is just a letter that represents a number in a mathematical expression. Read through the Tips for Working with Algebraic Expressions before you begin to solve the problems in this section. As you become more familiar and comfortable with the look and feel of these expressions. you will begin to ﬁnd your own shortcuts. you can turn an algebraic expression into a numerical one. and you will have one sure way of solving these kinds of problems. Tips for Working With Algebraic Expressions ■ ■ ■ Substitute assigned values for the variables into the expression. The answer section contains complete explanations of how to go about evaluating the expressions. As you work through the problems in this chapter. You will be evaluating expressions very much like the previous numerical expressions.

2ax − z 29. bx(z + 3) 43.501 Algebra Questions ■ Evaluate the following algebraic expressions when a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. 2z2 ÷ y 42. 8y(a3 − 2y) 49. z2 − 4a2y 50. 8y − 3ab 34. 10b3 − 4b2 48. 7x + x − z 41. 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b 36. bx + z ÷ y 33. 12ab ÷ y 46. 5ab + xy 30. 4b2 − az 31. 2bx ÷ (z − b) 45. y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} 47. 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab 44. a3 + 24y − 3b 37. −2x − b + az 38. a(b + z)2 35. 3x2b(5a − 3b) x 12 13 Team-LRN . 3b2 − 2b + 12 39. 4a + b 27. 3x ÷ z 28. 7x ÷ 2yz 32. 5xy ÷ 2b 40.

Substitute. (No sign means + ) The value of the expression is as follows: 27. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Substitute. Order of operations tells you to multiply ﬁrst. Multiply the factors of the ﬁrst term. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. PEMDAS: Multiply the ﬁrst term. Regardless of what symbol is used. or [ ]. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. 1 (−2 4 ) The value of the expression is as follows: 28. Substitute. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. 14 Team-LRN . a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.25 2(3)(6) − (−8) [2(3)(6) = 36] (36) − (−8) (36) + (+8) [36 + 8 = 44] 1 2 1 expression. { }. Substitute the values for the variables into the 4(3) + (−5) [4(3) = 12] (12) + (−5) [12 − 5 = 7] +7 4a + b = +7 3(6) ÷ (−8) [3(6) = 18] (18) ÷ (−8) [18 ÷ 8 = 2 8 = 2 4 ] 3x ÷ z = −24 or −2. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. ( ). When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Give the result the sign of the larger value.

The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 30.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 29. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 31. Evaluate the ﬁrst term of the expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows.25] (42) ÷ (−8) = −5. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 7(6) ÷ 2( 2 )(−8) [7 · 6 = 42] 1 [{2( 2 )}(−8) = (1)(−8) = −8] (42) ÷ (−8) [42 ÷ 8 = 5. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the second term of the expression.25 7x ÷ 2yz = −5. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the (+44) 2ax − z = +44 5(3)(−5) + (6)( 2 ) [5(3)(−5) = 15(−5)] [15(−5) = −75] 1 [(6)( 2 ) = 3] (−75) + (3) [75 − 3 = 72] (−72) 5ab + xy = −72 4(−5)2 − (3)(−8) [(−5)2 = (−5) · (−5)] [5 · 5 = 25 = +25] [4(+25) = 100] [(3)(−8)] [3 · −8 = −24] (100) − (−24) 100 + +24 = 124 4b2 − az = 124 1 1 expression. PEMDAS: Multiply the terms in the expression. Substitute. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Give the result the sign of the larger value. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Now evaluate the other term.25 15 Team-LRN . Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign.

you multiply by the reciprocal. To divide by a fraction. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 34. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Group terms using order of operations. PEMDAS: You must add the terms inside the parentheses ﬁrst. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Consider the second term. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Positive times negative is negative. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. PEMDAS: Multiply or divide the terms in the expression. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. 16 Team-LRN . Positive times positive is positive. Substitute the values for the variables into the (−5)(6) + (−8) ÷ ( 2 ) (−5)(6) + {(−8) ÷ ( 2 )} [(−5)(6)] [5 · 6 = 30] [(−5)(6) = −30] 1 [(−8) ÷ ( 2 )] [8 ÷ 2 ] [8 ÷ [(−8) 1 2 1 1 1 =8· 1 (2) 2 1 = 8 · 2 = 16] ÷ = −16] (−30) + (−16) [30 + 16 = 46] (−30) + (−16) = −46 bx + z ÷ y = −46 8( 2 ) − 3(3)(−5) [8 · 2 = 4] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (4) − (−45) (4) − (−45) = 4 + +45 4 + +45 = +49 8y − 3ab = +49 3((−5) + (−8))2 [(−5) + (−8)] [5 + 8 = 13] [(−5) + (−8) = −13] 1 1 expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 33.501 Algebra Questions 32. Evaluate the terms on either side of the subtraction sign.

Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions Substitute into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 17 Team-LRN . Evaluate the second term. Evaluate the term with the exponent. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 36. Evaluate the third term. Next you evaluate the term with the exponent. Substitute the values for the variables into the 2((3)2 + 2( 2 )) ÷ (−5) [(3)2 + 2( 2 )] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] 1 [2( 2 ) = 1] 1 [(3)2 + 2( 2 ) = 9 + 1 = 10] 2(10) ÷ (−5) [2(10) = 20] (20) ÷ (−5) [20 ÷ 5 = 4] (20) ÷ (−5) = −4 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b = −4 (3)3 + 24( 2 ) − 3(−5) [(3)3 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 27] 1 [24( 2 ) = 12] [3(−5)] [3 · 5 = 15] [3(−5) = −15] (27) + (12) − (−15) (27) + (12) + (+15) 27 + 12 + 15 = 54 a3 + 24y − 3b = +54 1 1 expression. Evaluate it. Look ﬁrst to evaluate the term inside the bold parentheses. Substitute into the numerical expression. The ﬁrst term has an exponent. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 35. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the second term. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−13)2 [(−13)2 = −13 · −13] [13 · 13 = +169] 3(169) = 507 a(b + z)2 = 507 1 expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute into the original numerical expression.

Commutative property of addition allows grouping of like signs. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 38. All term signs are positive.501 Algebra Questions 37. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. = 15] 18 Team-LRN . Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. a result of addition +. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with multiplication next. Add terms from left to right. Evaluate ﬁrst and last terms. Evaluate the second term. Evaluate the ﬁrst term by multiplying. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−5)2 − 2(−5) + 12 [(−5)2 = −5 · −5 = +25] 3(+25) − 2(−5) + 12 [3(+25) = 75] [2(−5) = −10] (75) − (−10) + 12 (75) + (+10) + 12 75 + 10 + 12 = 97 3b2 − 2b + 12 = 97 5(6)( 2 ) ÷ 2(−5) [5 · 6 · 2 = (5 · 6) · [2(−5) = −10] 1 1 2 1 expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the values into the numerical expression. Substitute the value into the numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 39. Substitute the values for the variables into the −2(6) − (−5) + (3)(−8) [−2(6) = −2 · 6 = −12] [(3)(−8) = 3 · −8 = −24] (−12) − (−5) + (−24) −12 + (+5) + −24 (−12 + −24) + (+5) [−12 + −24 = −36] (−36) + (+5) [36 − 5 = 31] (−36) + (+5) = −31 −2x − b + az = −31 expression. Consider the two terms on either side of the division sign. Positive times negative results in a negative. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent ﬁrst. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.

evaluate the term with the exponent. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: [8 − 3 = 5] [(−8) + 3 = −5] (−5)(6)(−5) [−5 · 6 = −30] (−30) · −5 = +150 bx(z + 3) = +150 19 Team-LRN . Add terms from left to right. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. First. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: (+128) · 2 = 256 2z2 ÷ y = 256 [(−8) + 3] 42. Multiply from left to right. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. Multiply from left to right.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Evaluate the second term. [15 ÷ 10 = 1 2 ] −10) = −1 1 (15) ÷ ( 2 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as 1 follows: 5xy ÷ 2b = −1 2 or −1. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. (−5)(6)((−8) + 3) First. evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. (15) ÷ (−10) Signs different? Divide and give the result a 1 negative sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 41. Negative times positive equals negative.5 40. Change division to multiplication and change the value to its reciprocal. Substitute the values for the variables into the 7(6) + (6) − (−8) [7(6) = 7 · 6 = 42] 12 [ (6) = 12 ÷ 6 = 2] (42) + (2) − −8 42 + 2 + −8 42 + 2 + +8 = 52 12 7x + x − z = 52 2(−8)2 ÷ ( 2 ) [2(−8)2 = 2 · (−8) · (−8)] [{2 · (−8)} · (−8)] [2 · (−8) = −16] [(−16) · (−8) = +128] (+128) ÷ 1 2 1 12 expression. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression.

Substitute the values for the variables into the 6( 2 )(−8 ÷ 2 ) + 3(3)(−5) 1 1 [−8 ÷ 1 1 2 = −8 · 2 1 = −16] 6( 2 )(−16) + 3(3)(−5) [6( 2 )(−16) = 6 · 2 · −16] [3 · −16 = −48] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (−48) + (−45) −48 1 1 + −45 = −93 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab = −93 2(−5)(6) ÷ ((−8) − (−5)) [(−8 − −5)] [−8 + 5] [8 − 5 = 3] [−8 + +5 = −3] 2(−5)(6) ÷ (−3) [2 · −5 · 6 = −60] (−60) ÷ −3 [60 ÷ 3 = 20] (−60) ÷ −3 = 20 2bx ÷ (z − b) = 20 expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 44. Signs the same? Divide and give the result a positive sign. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Evaluate the second term in the expression. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the result into the numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions 43. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 20 Team-LRN . Substitute the results into the numerical expression. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Evaluate the ﬁrst term in the expression. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal.

The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: ( 2 ) {( (6) 2 6 [2 − − 3) − 4(3)} 6 2 [( − 3) = − 3] 3 = 3 − 3 = 0] ( 2 ){(0) − 4(3)} [{0 − 4(3)} = 0 − 4 · 3] [0 − 4 · 3 = 0 − 12] [0 − 12 = 0 + −12 = −12] ( 2 ){−12} = 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 · −12 [ 2 · 12 = 6] · −12 = −6 x y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} = −6 21 Team-LRN . Signs different? Multiply the numbers and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. PEMDAS: Division before subtraction. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 46. PEMDAS: Multiply before subtraction. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Substitute the values for the variables into the 1 12(3)(−5) ÷ ( 2 ) [12 · 3 · −5 = 36 · −5] [36 · 5 = 180] [36 · −5 = −180] (−180) ÷ ( 2 ) −180 1 1 · ( 1 ) = −180 · 2 2 [180 · 2 = 360] −180 · 2 = −360 12ab ÷ y = −360 (6) 2 expression.501 Algebra Questions 45. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign.

Same signs? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses.350 8( 2 )((3)3 − 2( 2 )) ((3)3 − 2( 2 )) = (33 − 2 · 2 ) [33 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 9 · 3 = 27] 1 [2 · 2 = 1] [(27) − (1)] [27 − 1 = 26] 8( 2 )(26) 1 [8 · 2 = 4] [4 · 26 = 104] 8y(a3 − 2y) = 104 1 1 1 1 1 the expression. Subtract. Multiply from left to right. 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 [10(−5)3 = 10 · −5 · −5 · −5] [10 · −5 = (−50)] [(−50) · −5 = +250] [+250 · −5 = −1250] [4(−5)2 = 4 · −5 · −5] [4 · −5 = −20] [−20 · −5 = +100] −1250 −1250 Evaluate the second term in the numerical expression. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the result into the original expression. Substitute the values for the variables into − +100 + −100 [1250 + 100 = 1350] 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 = −1350 10b3 − 4b2 = −1. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 22 Team-LRN . Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the second term.501 Algebra Questions 47. Multiply from left to right. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 48. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Substitute the results into the numerical expression in the parentheses. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Multiply from left to right.

Yes. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 50. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. PEMDAS: Evaluate the expression in the parentheses ﬁrst. Multiply from left to right. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with exponents next.200 3x2b(5a −3b) = −16. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) −3(−5)) [(5(3) − 3(−5)) = 5 · 3 − 3 · −5] [5 · 3 − 3 · −5 = 15 − −15] [15 + +15 = 30] 3(6)2(−5)(30) [(6)2 = 6 · 6 = 36] 3(36)(−5)(30) [3(36) = 108] [(108) · (−5) = −540] [(−540) · (30) = −16. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the second term.200 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 23 Team-LRN . Signs different? Multiply the values and give a negative sign. Multiply from left to right. (−8)2 − 4(3)2( 2 ) [(−8)2 = −8 · −8] [−8 · −8 = 64] 1 1 [4(3)2( 2 ) = 4 · 3 · 3 · 2 ] [ 4 · 3 = 12] [12 · 3 = 36] 1 [36 · 2 = 18] (64) − (18) 64 − 18 = 46 z2 − 4a2y = 46 1 Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. you can just subtract. Evaluate the ﬁrst term.200] 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) − 3(−5)) = −16. Substitute the result into the numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions 49. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign.

When the variables are given number values. You can think of an algebraic term as a series of factors with numbers. you can multiply the factors of a term together to ﬁnd its value. This Team-LRN . 3x and −4x are like terms but are different from 7ax or 2x3. You may ﬁnd that combining like terms may be easier if you do addition by changing all subtraction to addition of the following term with its sign changed. you will practice simplifying algebraic expressions. For example. You should know that ■ 3 ■ ■ the numbers in front of the variable or variables are called coefﬁcients. a coefﬁcient is just a factor in an algebraic term. like terms can have different coefﬁcients. As you do this. as are the variable or variables in the term. you will recognize and combine terms with variables that are alike and link them to other terms using the arithmetic operations. but the conﬁguration of the variables must be the same for the terms to be alike.Combining Like Terms In this chapter. as you did in Chapter 2. When you have terms that are alike. and you can think of variables as factors. you can add or subtract them as if they were signed numbers.

25 Team-LRN . Study the following general and speciﬁc examples. sometimes it’s easier to just subtract. but the value of the expression remains the same. See the Tips for Combining Like Terms. Tips for Combining Like Terms Distributive Property of Multiplication The distributive property of multiplication tells you how to multiply the terms inside a parentheses by the term outside the parentheses. You will also use the important commutative and associative properties of addition and multiplication. But as you either know or are beginning to see. Commutative Property of Multiplication x·y=y·x This equation reminds us that the order in which we multiply expressions can change without changing the value of the result.501 Algebra Questions strategy will continue to be shown in the answer explanations. Another important and useful property is the distributive property. Now look at the following examples: Commutative Property of Addition a+b=b+a This equation reminds us that terms being combined by addition can change their location (commute). a(b + c) = ab + ac a(b − c) = ab − ac (b + c)a = ba + ca 4(6 + 3) = 4 · 6 + 4 · 3 = 24 + 12 = 36 (−5 + 8)3 = −5 · 3 + 8 · 3 = −15 + 24 = 9 7(10 + 3) = 7 · 10 + 7 · 3 = 70 + 21 = 91 3(x + 2y) = 3 · x + 3 · 2y = 3x + 6y a(b − 5d) = a · b − a · 5d = ab − 5ad Numerical examples of the commutative properties for addition and multiplication were given in the Tips for Working with Integers.

26 Team-LRN . Which one looks simpler? Of course. you can associate any term with any other and the result will be the same. a − b. a variable by itself is understood to mean one of that term. Writing expressions as simply as possible is always appreciated. a + −b = a − +b = a − b Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. it’s the last. Identity Property of Addition n+0=n Identity Property of Multiplication n·1=n Term Equivalents x=1·x For purposes of combining like terms. Associative Property of Multiplication (d · e) · f = d · (e · f ) This equation reminds us that you can multiply three or more terms in any order without changing the value of the result. While it may not seem relevant yet. Clarity is valued in mathematics. as you go through the practice exercises you will see how each of these properties will come into play as we simplify algebraic expressions by combining like terms. n = +n A term without a sign in front of it is considered to be positive. Look at the expressions on either side of the equal signs.501 Algebra Questions Associative Property of Addition (q + r) + s = q + (r + s) This equation reminds us that when you are performing a series of additions of terms.

4(x + y − 4) + 6(2 − 3y) 61. 7a + 6b + 3a 53. 8s − 3r + 5(2r − s) 64. 3a + 4a + 9a 52. 51. 6(m − 3n) + 3m(n + 5) − 2n(3 − m) 73. 11(4m + 5) + 3(−3m + 8) 59. 3h + 5 + 2w − 3 + h 56.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions by combining like terms. 3r2 + r(2 − r) + 6(r + 4) 69. −7(c − 2d) + 21c − 3(d − 5) 71. 14 + 9(2w + 7) − 2(6 − w) 63. 4(x + 2y) + 2(x + y) 57. 9(x − 6) + x(3 − x) 68. 2(3a + 4b) + 7(a − b) 58. 4x + 2y − x + 3y 54. −7(a + b) +12a − 16b 62. 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m 55. 2x − x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x − y) 70. 5(3x − y) + x(5 + 2y) − 4(3 + x) 72. 9(2x − t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) 74. 64 + 5(n − 8) + 12n − 24 60. 8(2a − b − 3c) + 3(2a − b) − 4(6 − b) 27 Team-LRN . 6(3m − 12) − 4(9m + 8) 65. 5(15 − 2j ) + 11(7j − 3) 66. 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 − a)} + 5a2 75. a(a + 4) + 3a2 − 2a + 10 67.

The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 53. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Substitute the results into the original expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. Substitute the results into the expression. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Use the associative property of addition. Add like terms. Use the commutative property of addition to (3a + 4a) + 9a [3a + 4a = 7a] (7a) + 9a 7a + 9a = 16a 3a + 4a + 9a = 16a move like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Add like terms. Change subtraction to addition and 7a + 3a + 6b (7a + 3a) + 6b [(7a + 3a) = 10a] (10a) + 6b 7a + 6b + 3a = 10a + 6b change the sign of the term that follows.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Add like terms. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 52. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x + 2y + (−x) + 3y 4x + (−x) + 2y + 3y (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) [4x + −x = +3x = 3x] [2y + 3y = 5y] (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) = (3x) + (5y) 4x + 2y − x + 3y = 3x + 5y 28 Team-LRN . Add like terms. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. ( ). { }. Regardless of what symbol is used. 51.

Add like terms. Add like terms. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: [4(x + 2y) = 4 · x + 4 · 2y] [4x + 8y] [2(x + y) = 2 · x + 2 · y] [2x + 2y] (4x + 8y) + (2x + 2y) (4x + 2x + 8y + 2y (4x + 2x) + (8y + 2y) [4x + 2x = 6x] [8y + 2y = 10y] (6x) + (10y) 6x + 10y 29 Team-LRN . Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Substitute the result into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 56. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition.501 Algebra Questions 54. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the associative property for addition. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 27 + −3m + 12 + −5m 27 + 12 + −3m + −5m (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) [27 + 12 = 39] [−3m + −5m = −8m] (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) = (39) + (−8m) 39 − +8m = 39 − 8m 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m = 39 − 8m 3h + 5 + 2w + (−3) + h 3h + h + 2w + 5 + −3 (3h + h) + 2w + (5 + −3) [(3h + h) = 4h] [(5 + −3) = 2] (4h) + 2w + (2) 4h + 2w + 2 55. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second expression.

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add like terms. 30 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of [11(4m + 5) = 11 · 4m + 11 · 5] [44m + 55] [3(−3m + 8) = 3 · −3m + 3 · 8] [−9m + 24] (44m + 55) + (−9m + 24) 44m + 55 + −9m + 24 44m + −9m + 55 + 24 (44m + −9m) + (55 + 24) [44m + −9m = 35m] [55 + 24 = 79] (35m) + (79) 35m + 79 [5(n − 8) = 5 · n − 5 · 8] [5n − 40] 64 + (5n − 40) + 12n − 24 64 + 5n − 40 + 12n − 24 64 + 5n + −40 + 12n + −24 multiplication on the second term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the result into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the distributive property of [2(3a + 4b) = 2 · 3a + 2 · 4b] [6a + 8b] [7(a − b) = 7 · a − 7 · b] [7a − 7b] (6a + 8b) + (7a − 7b) 6a + 8b + 7a − 7b 6a + 8b + 7a + (−7b) 6a + 7a + 8b + (−7b) (6a + 7a) + (8b + −7b) [6a + 7a = 13a] [8b + −7b = b] (13a) + (b) 13a + b multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the results into the expression. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 59. Add like terms. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. Substitute the result into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.501 Algebra Questions 57. Substitute the result into the expression. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 58. Use the associative property for addition. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the result into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term.

Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of 5n + 12n + 64 + −40 + −24 (5n + 12n) + (64 + −40 + −24) [5n + 12n = 17n] [64 + −40 + −24 = 64 +(−40 + −24)] [64 + −64 = 0] (17n) + (0) 17n [4(x + y − 4) = 4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4] [4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4 = 4x + 4y − 16] [6(2 − 3y) = 6 · 2 − 6 · 3y = 12 − 18y] (4x + 4y − 16) + (12 − 18y) 4x + 4y − 16 + 12 − 18y multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 4x + 4y + −18y + −16 + 12 4x + (4y + −18y) + (−16 + 12) [4y + −18y = −14y] [−16 + 12 = 12 + −16 = −4] Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the associative property for addition. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x − 14y − 4 31 Team-LRN . Parentheses are no longer needed. Add like terms. Substitute the results into the expression. 4x + (−14y) + (−4) Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Use the associative property for addition. Add like terms. Add like terms. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 60.

(18w + +2w) + (14 + 63 + −12) Add like terms. [18w + +2w = 20w] Add from left to right. [−2(6 + −w) = −2 · 6 + −2 · −w] Notice the result of multiplication for opposite and like-signed terms. Substitute the results into the expression. 20w + 65 32 Team-LRN . [−2 · 6 + −2 · −w = −12 + +2w] Substitute the results into the original expression. 14 + (18w + 63) + (−12 + +2w) Parentheses are no longer needed.501 Algebra Questions 61. 62. [9(2w + 7) = 9 · 2w + 9 · 7] [9 · 2w + 9 · 7 = 18w + 63] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. 18w + +2w + 14 + 63 + −12 Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. (20w) + (65) Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 14 + 9(2w + 7) + −2(6 + −w) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. [14 + 63 + −12 = 77 + −12 = 65] Substitute the results into the expression. 14 + 18w + 63 + −12 + +2w Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Change subtraction to addition and [−7(a + b) = −7 · a + −7 · b] (−7a + −7b) + 12a − 16b −7a + −7b + 12a − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b + −16b (12a + −7a) + (−7b + −16b) [12a + −7a = 5a] [−7b + −16b = −23b] (5a) + (−23b) 5a − 23b change the sign of the terms that follow. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow.

Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Add like terms. Either of the last two expressions is correct. Parentheses are no longer needed.501 Algebra Questions 63. Use the associative property for addition. 64. Parentheses are no longer needed. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Change subtraction to addition and change 8s + −3r + 5(2r + −s) [5(2r + −s) = 5 · 2r + 5 · −s] [5 · 2r + 5 · −s = 10r + −5s] 8s + −3r + (10r + −5s) 8s + −3r + 10r + −5s 8s + −5s + 10r + −3r (8s + −5s) + (10r + −3r) [8s + −5s = 3s] [10r + −3r = 7r] (3s) + (7r) 3s + 7r 6(3m + −12) + −4(9m + 8) [6(3m + −12) = 6 · 3m + 6 · −12] [6 · 3m + 6 · −12 = 18m + −72] [−4(9m + 8) = −4 · 9m + −4 · 8] [−4 · 9m + −4 · 8 = −36m + −32] (18m + −72) + (−36m + −32) 18m + −72 + −36m + −32 18m + −36m + −72 + −32 (18m + −36m) + (−72 + −32) [18m + −36m = −18m] [−72 + −32 = −104] (−18m) + (−104) −18m + −104 −18m −104 the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Add terms using the rules for terms with the same signs. but the second is the simpler. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition. 33 − +104 + −18m − (+18m) − 18m −104 −104 Team-LRN . Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows.

Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. (77j + −10j ) + (75 + −33) Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs.501 Algebra Questions 65. [5(15 + −2j ) = 5 · 15 + 5 · −2j] [5 · 15 + 5 · −2j = 75 + −10j] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. [75 + −33 = +42] Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property for multiplication for the second term. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with the same signs. 77j + −10j + 75 + −33 Use the associative property for addition. 34 Team-LRN . (67j ) + (42) Parentheses are no longer needed. [11(7j + −3) = 11 · 7j + 11 · −3] [11 · 7j + 11 · −3 = 77j + −33] Substitute the results into the expression. 75 + −10j + 77j + −33 Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Add the second term using the rules for terms with different signs. Parentheses are no longer needed. (75 + −10j ) + (77j + −33) Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. 67j + 42 a(a + 4) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 [a(a + 4) = a · a + a · 4] [a · a + a · 4 = a2 + 4a] (a2 + 4a) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 4a + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 3a2 + 4a + −2a + 10 (a2 + 3a2) + (4a + −2a) + 10 [a2 + 3a2 = 4a2] [4a + −2a = 2a] (4a2) + (2a) + 10 4a2 + 2a + 10 66. [77j + −10j = +67j ] Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. 5(15 + −2j ) + 11(7j + −3) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression.

501 Algebra Questions 67. Add terms in parentheses using the rules for terms with the same signs. 68. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with different signs. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Parentheses are no longer needed. 3r2 + r (2 + −r) + 6(r + 4) [r (2 + −r) = r · 2 + r · −r] [r · 2 + r · −r = 2r + −r2] [6(r + 4) = 6 · r + 6 · 4] [6 · r + 6 · 4 = 6r + 24] 3r2 + (2r + −r2) + (6r + 24) 3r2 + 2r + −r2 + 6r + 24 3r2 + −r2 + 2r + 6r + 24 (3r2 + −r2) + (2r + 6r) + 24 [3r2 + −r2 = 2r2] [2r + 6r = 8r] (2r2) + (8r) + 24 2r2 + 8r + 24 35 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Remove the parentheses. Add the second term using the rules for terms with the same signs. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition to put the terms in exponential order. Change subtraction to addition and change 9(x + −6) + x(3 + −x) [9(x + −6) = 9 · x + 9 · −6] [9 · x + 9 · −6 = 9x + −54] [x(3 + −x) = x · 3 + x · −x] [x · 3 + x · −x = 3x + −x2] (9x + −54) + (3x + −x2) 9x + −54 + 3x + −x2 9x + 3x + −54 + −x2 (9x + 3x) + −54 + −x2 (12x) + −54 + −x2 12x − (+54) + −x2 −x2 + 12x − 54 the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Remove the parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the associative property for addition.

Remove the parentheses. + −2d) + 21c + −3(d + −5) [−7(c + −2d) = −7 · c + −7 · −2d ] [−7 · c + −7 · −2d = −7c + +14d ] [−3(d + −5) = −3 · d + −3 · −5] [−3 · d + −3 · −5 = −3d + +15] (−7c + +14d) + 21c + (−3d + +15) −7c + +14d + 21c + −3d + +15 21c + −7c + +14d + −3d + +15 (21c + −7c) + (+14d + −3d) + +15 (14c) + (11d) + 15 14c + 11d + 15 36 Team-LRN . Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Remove the parentheses. Add the ﬁrst set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Remove the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions 69. Add the second set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. 70. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Change subtraction to addition and the 2x + −x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x + −y) [−x(5 + y) = −x · 5 + −x · y] [−x · 5 + −x · y = −5x + −xy] [4(2x + −y) = 4 · 2x + 4 · −y] [4 · 2x + 4 · −y = 8x + −4y] 2x + (−5x + −xy) + 3xy + (8x + −4y) 2x + −5x + −xy + 3xy + 8x + −4y (2x + −5x + 8x) + (−xy + 3xy) + (−4y) [2x + −5x + 8x = 5x] [−xy + 3xy = 2xy] (−5x) + (2xy) + (−4y) 5x + 2xy −4y −7(c sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Use the associative and commutative properties for addition. Substitute the results into the last expression. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the commutative property of addition to move terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the fourth term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term.

Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Remove the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions 71. Substitute the results into the original expression. Remove the parentheses. 5(3x + −y) + x(5 + 2y) + −4(3 + x) [5(3x + −y) = 5 · 3x + 5 · −y] [5 · 3x + 5 · −y = 15x + −5y] [x(5 + 2y) = x · 5 + x · 2y] [x · 5 + x · 2y = 5x + 2xy] [−4(3 + x) = −4 · 3 + −4 · x] [−4 · 3 + −4 · x = −12 + −4x] (15x + −5y)+ (5x + 2xy) + (−12 + −4x) 15x + −5y+ 5x + 2xy + −12 + −4x (15x + 5x + −4x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) − (+5y) + 2xy − (+12) 16x − 5y + 2xy − 12 37 Team-LRN . Use the rules for multiplying signed terms.

Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. (6m + −18n) + (3mn + 15m) + (−6n + +2mn) Remove the parentheses. [6 · m + 6 · −3n = 6m + −18n] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term.501 Algebra Questions 72. (21m) + (5mn) + (−24n) Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. (6m + 15m) + (3mn + +2mn) + (−6n + −18n) Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. [−2n · 3 + −2n · −m = −6n + +2mn] Substitute the results into the original expression. [3m · n + 3m · 5 = 3mn + 15m] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. [−2n(3 + −m) = −2n · 3 + −2n · −m] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. 9(2x + −t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) [9(2x + −t) = 9 · 2x + 9 · −t] [9 · 2x + 9 · −t = 18x + −9t] [x(−4 + 5t) = x · −4 + x · 5t] [x · −4 + x · 5t = −4x + 5xt] (18x + −9t) + 23xt + (−4x + 5xt) 18x + −9t + 23xt + −4x + 5xt 38 Team-LRN . 6m + −18n + 3mn + 15m + −6n + +2mn Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. 21m + 5mn − 24n 73. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. 6(m + −3n) + 3m(n + 5) + −2n(3 + −m) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the associative property for addition. [3m(n + 5) = 3m · n + 3m · 5] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [6(m + −3n) = 6 · m + 6 · −3n] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms.

Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the identity property of addition. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the associative property for addition. 18x + −4x + −18t + 23xt + 5xt (18x + −4x) + −9t + (23xt + 5xt) (14x) + −9t + (28xt) 14x − +9t + 28xt 14x − 9t + 28xt 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)} + 5a2 [2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)] [2a(a + 3) = 2a · a + 2a · 3] [2a · a + 2a · 3 = 2a2 + 6a] [6(4 + −a) = 6 · 4 + 6 · −a] [6 · 4 + 6 · −a = 24 + −6a] [(2a2 + 6a) + (24 + −6a)] [2a2 + 6a + 24 + −6a] [2a2 + 6a + −6a + 24] [2a2 + (6a + −6a) + 24] [2a2 + (0) + 24] [2a2 + 24] 4{2a2 + 24} + 5a2 [4 · 2a2 + 4 · 24] [8a2 + 96] (8a2 + 96) + 5a2 8a2 + 96 + 5a2 8a2 + 5a2 + 96 (8a2 + 5a2) + 96 13a2 + 96 74. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Substitute the results into the expression. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Substitute into the expression. Remove the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. 39 Team-LRN . Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Simplify the term inside the outer parentheses ﬁrst. Use the associative property for addition. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers.

Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Substitute the results into the expression. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. 8(2a + −b + −3c) + 3(2a + −b) + −4(6 + −b) [8(2a + −b + −3c) = 8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c] [8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c = 16a + −8b + −24c] [3(2a + −b) = 3 · 2a + 3 · −b] [3 · 2a + 3 · −b = 6a + −3b] [−4(6 + −b) = −4 · 6 + −4 · −b] [−4 · 6 + −4 · −b = −24 + +4b] (16a + −8b + −24c) + (6a + −3b) + (−24 + +4b) 16a + −8b + −24c + 6a + −3b + −24 + +4b 16a + 6a + −8b + −3b + +4b + −24c + −24 (16a + 6a) + (−8b + −3b + +4b) + −24c + −24 (22a) + (−7b) + −24c + −24 22a − 7b − 24c − 24 40 Team-LRN . Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms.501 Algebra Questions 75. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Remove the parentheses.

An equation is a mathematical statement where two expressions are set equal to each other. Team-LRN . Look over the Tips for Solving Basic Equations before you begin this chapter’s questions. The inverse of addition is subtraction.Solving Basic Equations Solving equations is not very different from working with numerical or algebraic expressions. There will be different solutions to similar problems to show a variety of methods for solving equations. you must do the same to the other side to maintain the equality. you can manipulate the equation to ﬁnd a solution. But they all rely on the same rules. Using logic and mathematical operations. you can eliminate that number by performing the inverse operation. The inverse of subtraction is addition. 4 Tips for Solving Basic Equations ■ ■ If a number is being added to or subtracted from a term on one side of an equation. that is what you have done when you have the variable on one side of the equal sign and a number on the other. Simply put. If you add or subtract an amount from one side of the equation. The answer explanations will show and identify all the steps you will need to solve basic equations.

The inverse of division is multiplication. 45r = −30 91. you can eliminate the coefﬁcient by dividing both sides of the equation by that coefﬁcient. If b is a number ≠ 0. 2a = 18 87. x − 25 = 32 78. y + 17 = −12 79. a + 16 = 30 77. s − −3 = −1 82. then b( b ) = y. 93. Just remember that you must do it to both sides.2c = 5. If a variable is being multiplied by a coefﬁcient. m + 2(5 − 24) = −76 86. 4x = −20 88. You can perform any operation to a term in an equation. b − 2 = − 3 84. leaving you with just one of the variables. you can multiply the term by the number. 94. a + 1 4 = 6 4 83. then ax ÷ a = x. b − 24 = 86 80. When you have the variable isolated on one side of the equation. 27b = 9 90. −3y 3 1 5 2 1 = 18 89. 95. 76. c − 4( 2 − 5) = 20 85.8 92.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ The inverse of multiplication is division. If a is a number ≠ 0. 12 − c = −9 81. If a number is dividing a variable. leaving you with y one of the variables. the value on the other side is your solution. 0. x 9 = 16 y − −4 = 12 2 3 a = 54 8 − 5 b = 56 42 Team-LRN .

How much was her annual salary before receiving the bonus? 43 Team-LRN . A business executive received a $6.200? 99.5 times as many acres as he planted last year. How many acres did he plant this year? 100. how many bears were in each packing crate? 98.000 for his new car. This year a farmer planted 300 acres of corn. How many turtles must have been born if the current number of breeding adults is 1. This was 1. there were 54 crates ﬁlled with bears. What was the suggested selling price of the car? 97. This was 5% of her annual salary.000 bonus check from her company at the end of the year. Only 2% of turtle hatchlings will live to become breeding adults. After putting 324 teddy bears into packing crates. If each crate contained the same number of bears. This was 8 the suggested selling price of 7 the car.501 Algebra Questions 96. Jack paid $21.

Add 25 to each side of the equation. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation. 77. ( ). Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Associate like terms. Regardless of what symbol is used. or [ ]. 44 Team-LRN . 76. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. { }. 78. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Zero is the identity element for addition. Zero is the identity element for addition. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. a + (16 − 16) = (30 − 16) a + (0) = (14) a = 14 25 + x − 25 = 32 + 25 x + 25 − 25 = 32 + 25 x + (25 − 25) = (32 + 25) x + (0) = (57) x = 57 y + 17 − 17 = −12 − 17 y + (17 − 17) = (−12 − 17) y + (17 + −17) = (−12 + −17) y + (0) = −29 y = −29 b + −24 = 86 b + −24 + +24 = 86 + +24 b + (−24 + 24) = (86 + 24) b + (0) = 110 b = 110 Use the commutative property for addition. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Zero is the identity element for addition. 79. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. Add +24 to each side of the equation. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.

5 45 Team-LRN . 81. Add −3 to each side of the equation. 83.501 Algebra Questions 80. Subtracting zero is the same as adding zero. Change the improper fraction to a mixed number. Add −1 4 to each side of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the 12 + −c = −9 12 + −c + +c = −9 + +c 12 + (−c + +c) = −9 + +c 12 + (0) = −9 + c 12 = −9 + c +9 + 12 = +9 + −9 + c (+9 + 12) = (+9 + −9) + c (21) = (0) + c 21 = c s + +3 = −1 s + +3 + −3 = −1 + −3 s + (+3 + −3) = −1 + −3 s + (0) = (−4) s = −4 a + 1 4 + −1 4 = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (1 4 + −1 4 ) = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (0) = 4 2 a = 42 b + −2 = −3 b + −2 − −2 = −3 − −2 b + (− 2 − − 2 ) = − 3 − − 2 b + (− 2 + + 2 ) = − 3 + + 2 b + (0) = b = 16 5 11 6 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 3 3 1 3 3 3 1 3 sign of the term that follows. Zero is the identity element for addition. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Zero is the identity element for addition. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. 3 Associate like terms. Associate like terms. 82. Associate like terms. Subtract − 2 from both sides of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add +9 to each side of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Add +c to each side of the equation.

Add +38 to each side of the equation. y= y = −6 27b 27 18 −3 18 −3 = 9 27 1 3 9 27 b= Reduce fractions to their simplest form. Subtract 18 from both sides of the equation. m + (2 · 5 − 2 · 24) = −76 Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Perform the operation in parentheses. Use the distributive property of multiplication. r= −30 45 45 3 46 Team-LRN . Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 45. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. 4x ÷ 4 = −20 ÷ 4 x = −20 ÷ 4 x = −5 =−4 x = −5 4x 4 20 −3y −3 = Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers.501 Algebra Questions 84. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Perform the operation in parentheses. 90. Divide both sides of the equation by 27. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. Another look for this solution method is as follows: 88. Another method is as follows: 87. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. b= 45r 45 = −2 −30 r= Reduce fractions to their simplest form (common factor of 15). The order of operations is to multiply ﬁrst. Associate like terms. 86. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 89. Divide both sides of the equation by −3. c + −4( 2 + −5) = 20 1 c + (−4 · 2 + −4 · −5) = 20 c + (−2 + +20) = 20 c + (18) = 20 c + 18 − 18 = 20 − 18 c + (18 − 18) = 20 − 18 c+0=2 c=2 m + (10 − 48) = −76 m + −38 + +38 = −76 + +38 m + (−38 + +38) = −76 + +38 m + (0) = −38 m = −38 2a ÷ 2 = 18 ÷ 2 a = 18 ÷ 2 a=9 = 2 a=9 2a 2 18 1 85.

Multiply both sides of the equation by −4. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. c = 0. 2 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. So your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 7 8. Divide both sides of the equation by 3 .000 8 7 7 8x 7 8x = $21.000 ÷ 8 x = 21. Let x = the suggested selling price of the car. y Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. The 7 5 1 · 8 −280 8 ﬁrst and second sentences tell you that 8 of the suggested price = $21. 8 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. ÷ 8 = 21.501 Algebra Questions 91. Divide both sides of the equation by 5 .2. 0.2 Divide.2 c = 29 9( 9 ) = 9(16) x = 9(16) x = 144 · −4 = −4 · −12 y = −4 · −12 y = +48 = 48 ÷ 3 = 54 ÷ 2 a = 54 ÷ 3 a = 54 · a = 81 8 5b 3 2 2 3a 2 2 3 −4 x Multiply. 94.000 ÷ 7 x = 21.000 7 7 8 47 Team-LRN . = −56 ÷ 8 b = −56 ÷ 5 ÷ b = −56 · b= −56 8 5 8 5 5 8 b= b = −35 96. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9.8 5.000 · x = $24.8 0. 93.2 = 5.2c 0. Here’s one. 92. 95.000. There are several ways to multiply fractions and whole numbers. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.

000. Two percent of the turtles born is 1. Let t = the number of turtle hatchlings born.200. 0. (5%)d = $6. 54b = 324 54b ÷ 54 = 324 ÷ 54 b = 324 ÷ 54 b=6 The ﬁrst sentence tells you that only 2% survive to adulthood.02 Divide. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.05.05 d = 6. Let d = her annual salary. Your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 54.000 99.200 ÷ 0.5.05d = 6.02 t = 1. 98.5 = 300 ÷ 1. t = 60. Your equation will be: The numerical equivalent of 5% is 0.200 ÷ 0. so the equation becomes 0.5 times c is 300. Divide.000 48 Team-LRN . Five percent of her 1.5c = 300 1.02t ÷ 0. Your equation will be: (2%)t = 1.5 c ÷ 1.02.02.05 d = $120. so the equation becomes Divide both sides of the equation by 0.02t = 1. 0. Divide.05.000 ÷ 0. Let c = the number of acres he planted last year. Divide both sides of the equation by 1.05 = 6. The ﬁrst sentence tells you that the number of packing crates times the number of bears in each is equal to the total number of bears.5 c = 200 salary equals her yearly bonus.5 c = 300 ÷ 1.05d ÷ 0.200. Let b = the number of bears in each packing crate.501 Algebra Questions 97.200 The numerical equivalent of 2% is 0. Divide.000 0.02 = 1. 100.000 ÷ 0. 1.

In equations. You may be used to seeing multiplication shown with an × like this: 5 × 3 = 15. Check your answers before looking at the answer solutions. the convention is to show multiplication with either a · like this: 5 · 3 = 15. Similarly. as in 10 ÷ 2 = 5. Or it can be shown using a fraction 10 bar like this: 10 ÷ 2 = 2 = 5. Both conventions will be used in the answers. or with parentheses like this: 5(3) = 15. division can be shown using the standard division symbol ÷. so you should get used to either one. this becomes confusing.Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving multi-step equations simply combines the work you have done in the previous chapters. 5 Tips for Solving Multi-Step Equations ■ ■ ■ There are at least two ways to show multiplication. In algebra. Use and get used to both. The solution techniques for the two types of basic equations you worked on in Chapter 4 are both utilized in the equations in this chapter. Just substitute the value you ﬁnd for the variable and work Team-LRN .

4x + 3 = 11 102. 9 ÷ 3 = 9( 2 ). 0. 2m 5 + 16 = 24 116. Then write the equation based on the information stated in the problem. 4m − 14 = 50 115. 7m − 6 = −2. 101. 5x − 6 = −26 105.3a + 0. For 2 3 example. 2 3m + 8 = 20 3 112.5 117. 10s − 6 = 0 118. let the unknown quantity be equal to the variable. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal.7 = 3 = 25 − s 119.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ each side of the equation as if it were a numerical expression. 8s − 5 = 35 120. To write an equation for a word problem. 4 = 4a + 20 109. x 3 x 7 + 4 = 10 −5=1 107. 3x − 9 = 15 104. s 4 + 2.25 = 1 111. 13x + 21 = 60 103. −55 50 Team-LRN . your solution is correct. Find the solutions to the following equations. If the quantities you ﬁnd are equal. 41 − 2m = 61 114. 36 = 3a − 9 108. 10a + 5 = 7 110. 9 = 4 m − 3 113. 106.

What was the price of a share of Axon stock at the beginning of the year? 124. If the number of girls participating is 105.50 per hour.000 at her new job. how many boys participate? 51 Team-LRN . What was her salary at her previous employment? 125. He expects it to gain 12 pounds per month. Jennifer earned $4. How many months will it be before he will sell the animal? 122. He will sell it when it weighs 200 lbs.50 less than twice Bill’s hourly wage. This was $8 less than three times its value at the beginning of the year. A farmer is raising a hog that weighed 20 lbs. making an equation from the information given. Mary earns $12. Mary earns $1.5 times her former salary by changing jobs. and then solving the equation.501 Algebra Questions Solve the following word problems by letting a variable equal the unknown quantity. 121. She earned $64. when he bought it.000 more than 1. a share of stock in Axon Corporation was worth $37. At year’s end. What is Bill’s hourly wage? 123. Twenty-ﬁve more girls than 3 the number of boys participate in inter2 scholastic sports at a local high school.

Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Associate like terms. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Zero is the identity element for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. Zero is the identity element for addition. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Associate like terms. Regardless of what symbol is used. ( ). Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 13. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. 4x + 3 − 3 = 11 − 3 4x + (3 − 3) = (11 − 3) 4x + (0) = (8) 4x = 8 4x ÷ 4 = 8 ÷ 4 x=2 13x + 21 − 21 = 60 − 21 13x + (21 − 21) = (60 − 21) 13x + (0) = (39) 13x = 39 13x ÷ 13 = 39 ÷ 13 x=3 3x − 9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + −9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + (−9 + 9) = 15 + 9 3x + (0) = 24 3x = 24 3x ÷ 3 = 24 ÷ 3 x=8 5x − 6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + −6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + (−6 + 6) = −26 + 6 5x + (0) = −20 5x = −20 5x ÷ 5 = −20 ÷ 5 x = −4 Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations. Add 9 to each side of the equation. Subtract 21 from both sides of the equation. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 101. Associate like terms. { }. 103. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. 52 Team-LRN . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations. Add 6 to each side of the equation. 102. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 104.

Zero is the identity element for addition. Multiply both sides of the equation by 7. Associate like terms. Multiply both sides of the equation by 3. Perform numerical operations. Add 5 to each side of the equation. Associate like terms. =6 x 7( 7 ) = 7(6) x = 42 36 + 9 = 3a − 9 + 9 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 45 = 3a + (0) 45 = 3a 45 ÷ 3 = 3a ÷ 3 15 = a 4 − 20 = 4a + 20 − 20 4 − 20 = 4a + (20 − 20) −16 = 4a + (0) −16 = 4a = 4 −4 = a 4 −16 107. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. −5+5=1+5 + −5 + 5 = 1 + 5 + (−5 + 5) = 1 + 5 + (0) = 6 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Divide both sides of the equation by 4.501 Algebra Questions 105. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. Zero is the identity element for addition. 108. =6 x 3( 3 ) = 3(6) x = 18 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 106. Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation.2 or 10a 10 2 1 5 53 Team-LRN . Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Zero is the identity element for addition. Zero is the identity element for addition. x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 + 4 − 4 = 10 − 4 + (4 − 4) = 10 − 4 + (0) = 6 Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations. 10a + 5 − 5 = 7 − 5 10a + (5 − 5) = 7 − 5 10a + (0) = 2 10a = 2 = 10 a = 0. 4a 109. Add 9 to each side of the equation.

Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Zero is the identity element for addition. 112.3a = 0. Perform numerical operations. Simplify the result.3a + 0. 0. Zero is the identity element for addition.25 − 0. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 the reciprocal of 3 . You can change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the term following to its opposite.3 a = 2.3. 3 3 3 4 3 (12) 4 3 Associate like terms.25 0.5 0. Zero is the identity element for addition.75 0. Perform numerical operations.25) = 1 − 0. Associate like terms.25 0. Subtract 0.3a + (0) = 0. Subtract 41 from both sides of the equation.3 0. Perform numerical operations.75 Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations. Add 14 to each side of the equation. Associate like terms. Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. 113. Add 3 to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by Use the rules for operating with signed numbers. Zero is the identity element for addition. −2. 114.25 = 1 − 0.75 = 0. 111. = 20 = 20 −2 m = −10 4m − 14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + −14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + (−14 + 14) = 50 + 14 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Multiply both sides of the equation by the reciprocal of 4 .3a 0.25 − 0.25 from both sides of the equation. Associate like terms. 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m + 8 − 8 = 20 − 8 + (8 − 8) = 20 − 8 + (0) = 12 = 12 3 = 2 (12) m = 18 9 + 3 = 4m − 3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + −3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + (−3 + 3) 12 = 4 m + (0) 12 = 4 m = 3 ( 4 m) 16 = m 41 − 41 − 2m = 61 − 41 (41 − 41) − 2m = 61 − 41 (0) − 2m = 20 −2m = 20 −2m −2m −2 3 2 2 ( 3 m) 3 3 3 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.3a + (0. 54 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 110. which in this case is −2m.

117. Use rules for multiplying whole numbers and fractions. The variable in the numerator has a coefﬁcient.5 5 2 2 ( 5 )m 116.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. 4m + (0) = 64 4m = 64 = 4 m = 16 4m 4 64 115.6 Team-LRN . Multiply both sides of the equation by 5. This equation presents a slightly different look. 5 2 = ( 2 )8 m = 20 7m − 6 + 6 = −2.5 7m 7 3. Perform numerical operations. Add 6 to each side of the equation. There are two methods for solving. Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 10.5 = 7 m = 0. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations. 10s − 6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + −6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + (−6 + 6) = 0 + 6 10s + (0) = 6 10s 10 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Associate like terms. Associate like terms.5 + 6 7m + −6 + 6 = −2. 55 = 3 5 6 10 s= = 0. Express the answer in the simplest form.5 + 6 7m + (−6 + 6) = −2. = 2 m = 20 = ( 5 )m. Zero is the identity element for addition. Or you can recognize that Then you would multiply by the reciprocal of the coefﬁcient. 2m 5 + 16 − 16 = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (16 − 16) = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (0) = 8 2m 5 =8 2m 5( 5 ) = 5(8) 5 2m 1 ( 5 ) = 40 5 · 2m 1 · 5 = 40 10m 5 2m 2 2m 5 = 40 40 2m = 40 Divide both sides by 2. Add 6 to each side of the equation.5 + 6 7m + (0) = 3.

7 from both sides of the equation. Associate like terms. 2x − 1. An equation that represents these words would be Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation.7) = 3 − 2. times 12 (pounds per month). The number of months (x). Divide both sides of the equation by 12. The equation representing the last statement would be Add 1.3 s Associate like terms. Then 2x less $1. Use the rules for operating with signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Let x = the number of months.3) s = 1. Let x = Bill’s hourly wage. Multiply both sides of the equation by 4. −80 = −s Zero is the identity element for addition. Express the answer in simplest form.7 − 2. Perform numerical operations. (−55 + −25) = (25 + −25) + −s −80 = (0) + −s Perform numerical operations. 12x + 20 − 20 = 200 − 20 12x + (20 − 20) = 200 − 20 12x + (0) = 180 12x 12 180 = 12 x = 15 The farmer would have to wait 15 months before selling his hog. Add 5 to each side of the equation. Subtract 2. Associate like terms. 4( 4 ) = 4(0.50. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. will be equal to 200 pounds.2 8s − 5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + −5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + (−5 + 5) = 35 + 5 8s + (0) = 40 = 8 s=5 −55 119.501 Algebra Questions 118. Perform numerical operations.50 + 1.50 to both sides of the equation. Associate like terms. 122. 8s 8 40 − 25 = 25 − 25 − s Change subtraction to addition and change −55 + −25 = 25 + −25 + −s the sign of the term that follows.50 = 12. 80 = s 121.7 − 2. If you multiply both sides by −1. Perform numerical operations.7 = 3 − 2.50 = 12. 12x + 20 = 200. s 4 s 4 s 4 + 2. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation.50 56 Team-LRN .50 is equal to Mary’s hourly wage.50 + 1. 2x − 1. you −1(−80) = −1(−s) will be left with a +s or just s. You are to solve for s. plus the starting weight (20).7 + (2. 120.7 + (0) = 0. but the term remaining is −s.

00 123. 124.000 − 4.00 = 2 x = 7.000 Perform numerical operations.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations. 3x − 8 = 37.5x Divide both sides of the 60.5 times x plus $4.5x + 4.000. The statements tell us that $64.000 1. 60.00 per hour.5 = 1.000 = 1. An equation that represents this amount is Add 8 to both sides of the equation.5x equation by 1.000 is equal to 1.5 40.000 − 4. An algebraic equation to represent this statement is 64. Perform numerical operations. it will equal $37.00 2x 2 14. 125.000 = 1. Perform numerical operations. Bill’s hourly wage is $7. 1.000. 2 3 x + 25 − 25 = 2 3 x = 80 3 2 3 2 ( 3 x) = 2 (80) 105 − 25 x = 120 57 Team-LRN . 64. An equation that represents this statement is Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 4. Let x = the share price at the beginning of the year. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. The question tells us 2 that 3 the number of boys plus 25 is equal to the number of girls who participate. Let x = her previous salary. Multiply by the reciprocal of 3 .000 = x Jennifer’s former salary was $40.000 = 1. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. The number of boys who participate is 120.5.000 from both sides of the equation.000 per year. 2x = 14. 2 2 3 x + 25 = 105. The statements tell us that if we multiply the share price at the beginning of the year by 3 and then subtract $8. 3x − 8 + 8 = 37 + 8 3x = 45 3x 3 45 = 3 x = 15 One share of Axon cost $15 at the beginning of the year.5x + 4. Let x = the number of boys who participate in interscholastic sports.

6 Tips for Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of the Equation Use the distributive property of multiplication to expand and separate terms. There is often more than one way to ﬁnd a solution. you will move easily into this chapter. Then check your answers with the solutions provided. If your sequence of steps is not identical to the solution shown. Notice that what follows are variations on the basic distributive property. and refer to the answer explanations as you try and solve the equations by yourself. that’s all right.Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of an Equation If you have been solving the problems in this book with some success. Team-LRN . And it demonstrates your mastery of the processes involved in doing algebra. but you are getting the correct answers. Work through the questions carefully.

12x − 4(x − 1) = 2(x − 2) + 16 59 Team-LRN . In another instance. you have found the solution. 3x − 23 = 54 − 4x 128. or some number.2x = 10 − 0. any value can make the equation true.25 = 1. 7(x + 2) + 1 = 3(x + 14) − 4x 137. In the instance where you have eliminated the variable altogether from the equation and end up with two values that do not equal each other—such as 5 = 7.8x − 9. subtract. which we know is not true—there is said to be no solution for the equation.15 − 2x 132.4 − 0. 126.501 Algebra Questions a(b − c) = ab − ac −1(b + c) = −b − c −1(b − c) = −b + c or −(b − c) = −b + c The object is to isolate the variable on one side of the equation.4 136. therefore there are an inﬁnite number of solutions. the solution is the null set—that is. remember that you can add.1 = −1.8x = 3. 2(2x + 19) − 9x = 9(13 − x) + 21 141. In that instance. 10x + 27 − 5x − 46 = 32 + 3x − 19 130. When the variable stands alone on one side of the equation. 1.3 = 4x + 2 134.2 − 3x 135. There are two instances that sometimes occur when solving equations. multiply.3 + 5x − 0. 2x + 17 − 1. 20x − 11 − 3x = 9x + 43 131.4 + 3x − 0. 2 + 5x − 0. you ﬁnd that the solution seems to be the variable. is equal to itself. 0.2x + 11 133. 13 − 8(x − 2) = 7(x + 4) + 46 139. a set containing no elements. 13x + 3(3 − x) = −3(4 + 3x) − 2x 140. 10x + 9 = 2x − 7 127. 3x + 12 − 0. Stated another way. and divide variables on both sides of an equation just as you did with numerical values. 3(5x + 4) = 5x − 28 138. Find the solutions for the following equations. As you begin to practice solving the following equations. 5x + 3 + 6x = 10x + 9 − x 129.

10(x + 2) + 7(1 − x) = 3(x + 9) 147.5 = 0.7(0.8(x + 20) − 4.7(5 + x) − 0. 144. 0. 5 2 (x − 2) + 3x = 3(x + 1 1 6( 2 x + 2 ) = 3(x + 1) 4 2) − 10 145.2x − 1) = 0.2x) 146. 7(x − 10) + 110 = 4(x − 25) + 7x 150.501 Algebra Questions 142. 4(9 − x) = 2x − 6(x + 6) 148.9x 60 Team-LRN . 2x + 1 5 x = 1 + 3x 143. 0.3(3 − 0. 3(3x + 4) − 7 = 13(x + 1) 149.

Simplify. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 126. Simplify. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Regardless of what symbol is used. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Simplify. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 10x + 9 − 9 = 2x − 7 − 9 10x + (0) = 2x − 16 10x = 2x − 16 10x − 2x = 2x − 2x − 16 8x = −16 = 8 1x = −2 x = −2 8x 8 −16 10(−2) + 9 = 2(−2) − 7 −20 + 9 = −4 − 7 −11 = −11 The result is a true statement. 3x − 23 + 23 = 54 + 23 − 4x 3x + 0 = 77 − 4x 3x = 77 − 4x 3x + 4x = 77 − 4x + 4x 7x = 77 = 7 x = 11 7x 7 77 127. ( ). Add 23 to both sides of the equation. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. Simplify. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. so this answer is a correct solution. Substitute −2 for x in the original equation. { }. Solution. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Simplify by combining like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. Simplify. Simplify. Identity property of 0 for addition. Identity property of 0 for addition. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 61 Team-LRN . Now add 4x to both sides. Let’s check the answer. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. or [ ].

10x − 5x + 27 − 46 = 3x + 32 − 19 5x − 19 = 3x + 13 5x + 19 − 19 = 3x + 19 + 13 5x = 3x + 32 5x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 32 2x = 32 = 2 x = 16 2x 2 32 10(16) + 27 − 5(16) − 46 = 32 + 3(16) − 19 (160) + 27 − (80) − 46 = 32 + (48) − 19 62 Team-LRN . therefore. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Substitute 16 for x in the original equation. Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify. Add and subtract from left to right. Let’s check this answer. Parentheses are not needed.501 Algebra Questions 128. Simplify by multiplying factors. Simplify. Use the commutative property 5x + 6x + 3 = 10x − x + 9 11x + 3 = 9x + 9 11x + 3 − 3 = 9x + 9 − 3 11x = 9x + 6 11x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 6 2x = 6 =2 x=3 2x 2 6 187 − 80 − 46 = 80 −19 107 − 46 = 61 61 = 61 The previous statement is true. Use the commutative property of addition with like terms. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 129. Add 19 to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify. the solution is correct. Subtract 3 from both sides. Now subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Simplify. of addition with like terms.

4 − 0.2x 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.8x + 0.2x 0. Simplify the expression. Simplify. Add 0.8x = 4 − 0.8x + 17 = 21 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Identity property of addition. Use the commutative property to move like terms. Subtract 0.75 3x + 0. 132.2x 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 8.15 − 2x 3x + (0) = 1 − 2x 3x = 1 − 2x 3x + 2x = 1 − 2x + 2x 5x = 1 5x 5 8x 8 54 like terms. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x + 17 = 10 + 11 − 0. Simplify.2x to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.25 = 1. Add 2x to both sides of the equation.15 − 2x 3x + 0. 2x − 1. Simplify.15 − 0.8x + 17 − 17 = 21 − 17 − 0.2x 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0. Simplify the expression.15 = 1. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Add 11 to both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property to move 20x − 3x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x + 11 − 11 = 9x + 43 + 11 17x = 9x + 54 17x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 54 8x = 54 = 8 x = 6. Identity property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 130.15 from both sides of the equation.2x 1x = 4 x=4 63 Team-LRN . Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation.15 = 1.2x + 0.15 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 131. Use the commutative property with = 1 5 1 5 x= like terms.2x = 4 − 0.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 5x − 5x − 0.4 − 0. 3x + 0. 5x + 2 − 0. x = 0. Remove the parentheses. 5x + 1.15 = 1. Identity property of addition.15 + (2x − 2x) 5x + 0. Add 2x to both sides of the equation. 5x = 4x + 0. As long as you do proper math. Instead of adding 1. −1 = −1 Dividing like signs results in a positive.15 from both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms.15 − 2x 3x + (0.4 − 0. Simplify the expression.7 Combine like terms and simplify the expression.3 Combine like terms on each side of the equation.3 = 4x Now subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Subtract 0. Simplify the expression.3 = x The answer will be the same.15 = 1.3 Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation.7 from both sides of the equation.15 = 1.15 − 0. try subtracting 2 from both sides of the equation. 64 Team-LRN .7 − 1.3 = 4x − 5x Combine like terms on each side of the −0.7 = 4x + 2 − 1.3 Let’s try this a slightly different way.501 Algebra Questions 133.25 = 1.3 = −x equation. 5x − 0.15 = 1.3 = 4x + 2 Combine like terms and simplify the expression.15 = 1.7. 5x − 4x = 4x − 4x + 0.15 − 2x 3x + 2x + 0. 0. Associate like terms.7 − 2 = 4x + 2 − 2 Combine like terms on each side of the equation.15 + 2x − 2x (3x + 2x) + 0.15 5x + 0. Associate like terms on each side of the equation. Now divide both sides by the coefﬁcient of −0. Use the commutative property with like terms. 5x + 1.15) = 1.7 = 4x + 2 Subtract 1.2 5x 5 1 134. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.15 − 2x 3x + (0. 5x + 1.25) = 1. Simplify.15 − 2x 3x + 0.15 − 0.15 5x + 0 = 1 5x = 1 =5 x = 0. Simplify the expression.3 −x the variable x which is −1. you can manipulate an equation many ways and still get the correct solution.

8x 2. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property with like terms.8x 2.4 − 9.2x + (0) = (−18) − 0.8x 2.8x 2.4 − 0.8x 2. Add 0. Associate like terms on each side of the equation. 7(x) + 7(2) + 1 = 3(x) + 3(14) − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x + 42 − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x − 4x + 42 7x + 15 = −1x + 42 7x + 15 − 15 = −1x + 42 − 15 7x = −1x + 27 7x + x = x + −1x + 27 8x = 27 8x 8 = x= 27 8 3 38 65 Team-LRN .8x (3x − 0. Add x to both sides of the equation.8x 2.4 − 9. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. Identity property of addition. Simplify the expression.8x + 12 = 3. 136. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation.2x = −18 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Associate like terms on each side of the equation.8x = −18 + 0.8x 3x = −18 = 3 x = −6 3x 3 −18 multiplication. Use the commutative property with like terms.2x + (12 − 12) = (−6 − 12) − 0.8x) + 12 = (3.501 Algebra Questions 135.2x + 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.4) − 0.8x − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x + 12 − 12 = −6 − 12 − 0. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Use the distributive property of 3x − 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 8.2x + 12 = −6 − 0. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.

501 Algebra Questions 137. Subtract 74 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 15. Simplify the expression. Use the distributive property of 3(5x) + 3(4) = 5x − 28 15x + 12 = 5x − 28 15x + 12 − 12 = 5x − 28 − 12 15x = 5x − 40 15x − 5x = 5x − 5x − 40 10x = −40 = 10 −4 x= 10x 10 −40 multiplication. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property with like terms. Use the distributive property of 13 − 8(x) − 8(−2) = 7(x) + 7(4) + 46 13 − 8x + 16 = 7x + 28 + 46 13 + 16 − 8x = 7x + 28 + 46 29 − 8x = 7x + 74 29 + 8x − 8x = 8x + 7x + 74 29 = 15x + 74 29 − 74 = 15x + 74 − 74 −45 −45 = 15x 15x = 15 −3 = x 15 multiplication. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 139. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Add 11x to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Add 8x to both sides of the equation. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. 138. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. 13x + 3(3) − 3(x) = −3(4) − 3(3x) − 2x 13x + 9 − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 13x − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 10x = −12 − 11x 9 + 10x + 11x = −12 − 11x + 11x 9 + 21x = −12 9 − 9 + 21x = −12 − 9 66 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property with like terms.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 67 Team-LRN . Use order of operations.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. Subtract 38 from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of 21x = −21 = 21 −1 x= 21x 21 −21 multiplication. Divide both sides of the equation by 21. 2(2x) + 2(19) − 9x = 9(13) − 9(x) + 21 4x + 38 − 9x = 117 − 9x + 21 38 + 4x − 9x = 117 + 21 − 9x 38 − 5x = 138 − 9x 38 − 38 − 5x = 138 − 38 − 9x −5x −5x = 100 − 9x + 9x = 100 − 9x + 9x 4x = 100 = 4 x = 25 4x 4 100 2(2(25) + 19) − 9(25) = 9(13 − (25)) + 21 2(50 + 19) − 225 = 9(−12) + 21 2(69) − 225 = −108 + 21 138 − 225 = −87 −87 = −87 The solution is correct. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 140. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property with like terms. Add 9x to both sides of the equation.

48 3 − 4 3 = − 3 + 16 4 3 4 Add 4 to both sides of the 3 48 4 equation. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. 4 Divide both sides of the equation by 5 . = 4 3 − 4 3 + 16 3 5 x = 1 + 3x 3 5 x − 3x = 1 + 3x − 3x 4 5x 4 4 Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. 143. Remember that division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by the reciprocal 5 of the fraction. Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Operate inside the parentheses ﬁrst. Simplify the equation by adding like terms. Change whole numbers to fractional equivalents.501 Algebra Questions 141. 5 5 2 (x) − 2 (2) + 3x = 3(x) + 3(2) 5 2 x − 5 + 3x = 3x + 6 − 10 − 10 68 Team-LRN . 3 + 3 − Simplify the expression. 16 = 16 A true statement. Simplify the expression. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property =1 5 4 4 ( 5 x) 5 x= 4 = 4 (1) 5 on both sides. 142. Reduce fractions to simplest terms. 12x − 4(x) − 4(−1) = 2(x) + 2(−2) + 16 12x − 4x + 4 = 2x − 4 + 16 8x + 4 = 2x + 12 8x + 4 − 4 = 2x + 12 − 4 8x = 2x + 8 8x − 2x = 2x − 2x + 8 6x = 8 6x 6 = 4 3 8 6 x= x = 13 12( 3 ) − 4(( 3 ) − 1) = 2(( 3 ) − 2) + 16 4 4 4 1 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 − 3 ) = 2( 3 − 3 ) + 16 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 ) = 2( 3 ) + 16 4 1 −2 4 4 3 4 6 Multiply. so this solution is correct. You can multiply by 4 . Simplify the expression.

7 0.3(0.2 1.7 to both sides of the equation. Add 0.14x + 0.2x = 1. 145.2 Team-LRN .2x − 0.9 − 0.2x 0.7(1) = 0.2x) − 0. 0.9 + 0. 6( 2 x) + 6( 2 ) = 3(x) + 3(1) 3x + 3 = 3x + 3 3x + 3 − 3 = 3x + 3 − 3 3x = 3x 3x 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Simplify the expression. Subtract 6x from both sides of the equation.14x − 0.06x 0.7 = 0.6 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.9 0.7 = 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.06x 0. Simplify the expression.7 = 0.7 = 0.6 = x=8 69 0.7(0.3(3) − 0.2x − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.9 − 0. that would be a 2.06x to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property with like terms. 5 2x + 3x − 5 = 3x + 6 − 10 2( 2 x + 3x − 5) = 2(3x + 6 − 10) 2( 2 x) + 2(3x) − 2(5) = 2(3x) + 2(6) − 2(10) 5x + 6x − 10 = 6x + 12 − 20 11x − 10 = 6x − 8 11x − 10 + 10 = 6x − 8 + 10 11x = 6x + 2 11x − 6x = 6x − 6x + 2 5x = 2 5x 5 5 5 = 2 5 2 5 1 1 x= 144. Add 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.2. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. A simple way to avoid having to operate with fractions is to multiply the equation by a factor that will eliminate the denominator. Simplify the expression. Add 10 to both sides of the equation.06x − 0. Simplify the expressions. Simplify the expression.7 + 0. Use the distributive property. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Use the distributive property on both sides.6x + 0. Simplify the expressions. In this case. Simplify the expression. x=x There are an inﬁnite number of solutions for this equation. 3 = 3 Simplify the expression. Use the distributive property on both sides. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x) 0.

10x + 20 + 7 − 7x = 3x + 27 Use the commutative property with like terms. 3x + 27 = 3x + 27 Looking familiar? Subtract 27 from both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the expressions. 3x = 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. There is no solution for this equation. 10x − 7x + 20 + 7 = 3x + 27 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. x=x The solutions for this equation are inﬁnite. Simplify the expression. 4(9) − 4(x) = 2x − 6(x) − 6(6) Simplify the expressions. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3x + 27 − 27 = 3x + 27 − 27 Simplify the expression. 3(3x) + 3(4) − 7 = 13(x) + 13(1) 9x + 12 − 7 = 13x + 13 9x + 5 = 13x + 13 9x − 9x + 5 = 13x − 9x + 13 5 = 4x + 13 5 − 13 = 4x + 13 − 13 −8 −8 148. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 146. = 4x 4x = 4 −2 = x 4 70 Team-LRN . 36 − 4x = 2x − 6x − 36 Combine like terms. 36 + 4x − 4x = 4x − 4x − 36 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. Another way of saying this is to say that the solution for this equation is the null set. 147. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. 36 = −36 This is not true. 36 − 4x = −4x − 36 Add 4x to both sides of the equation. Subtract 13 from both sides of the equation. 10(x) + 10(2) + 7(1) − 7(x) = 3(x) + 3(9) Simplify the expression.

it might make it easier for you. Subtract 11x from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by −4. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 8x + 115 − 115 = 35 − 115 − 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 10x = −80 Divide both sides of the −80 10x equation by 10. 7(x) − 7(10) + 110 = 4(x) − 4(25) + 7x 7x − 70 + 110 = 4x − 100 + 7x 7x + 40 = 11x − 100 7x + 40 − 40 = 11x − 100 − 40 7x = 11x − 140 7x − 11x = 11x − 11x − 140 −4x −4x −4 = −140 −140 = −4 x = 35 150.9x] Simplify the expressions. x = −8 71 Team-LRN . 10[0. 8(x + 20) − 45 = 7(5 + x) − 9x Use the distributive property again. 10 = 10 Simplify the expression. 8x = −80 − 2x Add 2x to both sides of the equation. 8x + 2x = −80 − 2x + 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 8(x) + 8(20) − 45 = 7(5) + 7(x) − 9x Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8(x + 20)] − 10[4. Simplify the expressions.9x] Use the distributive property of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions 149.7(5 + x) − 0. Simplify the expressions. many of the terms are in decimal form. 8x + 115 = 35 − 2x Subtract 115 from both sides of the equation. 8x + 160 − 45 = 35 + 7x − 9x Combine like terms on each side of the equation.5] = 10[0. Subtract 40 from both sides of the equation. 10[0.7(5 + x)] − 10[0.5] = 10[0. If you multiply the equation by 10. Use the distributive property of multiplication. In this equation. You should look for opportunities to simplify your work.8(x + 20) − 4. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.

science. h = height. These word problems require you to ﬁnd an unknown value in a formula. Team-LRN . w = width. you will have the chance to solve word problems that could pop up in any one of these subject areas. Put a question mark next to the equal sign in place of the value for the unknown variable. or technology. Then you will be asked to solve the equation for the missing variable. 7 Tips for Using Formulas to Solve Equations Given a formula with several variables.Using Formulas to Solve Equations Chances are you have been asked to use formulas to solve problems in math. social studies. you will generally be given values for all but one. It can be helpful to list each variable with its given value. Algebra is a useful skill to know when faced with problems in these areas. In this chapter. You will be using your algebra problem solving skills in every problem. Select from these formulas the appropriate one to solve the following word problems: Volume of a rectangular solid: V = lwh where l = length. Keep in mind the rules for order of operations.

000 earn over 2 years? 157.000 savings account to double its value at a simple interest rate of 10%? 160. and its width is 3. An airplane ﬂies at an average velocity of 350 miles per hour. A trapezoid with an area of 240 square inches has a height of 12 inches. How long would the trip take if they averaged 17 miles per hour for the trip? 155. how much principal must be put into a savings account? 159. if the lower base is three times the length of the upper? 73 Team-LRN .000 in interest over 2 years at an annual rate of 4%. its rooﬂine measured 40 feet. A hiking group wanted to travel along a chapter of the Appalachian Trail for 3 days.5 hours. In order to earn $1. width is 9 5 1 cm. Find the volume of a rectangular solid whose length is 12 cm. A bicycle tour group planned to travel 68 miles between two New England towns. At an interest rate of 6%. the total interest paid on a $4. Over a three year period.501 Algebra Questions Distance formula: D = rt where r = rate. and the surface area of one side was 7. what is its height? 153. What are the lengths of the bases.14). Fahrenheit/Celsius equivalence: C = 9 (F − 32) Volume of a cylinder: V = πr 2h (let π = 3. Simple interest: I = prt where p = principal. 151.14) where r = radius and h = height Surface area of a cylinder: S = 2πr (r + h) where r = radius of the base. h = height of cylinder (let π = 3. What would be the height of a trapezoidal building if at its base it measured 80 feet. How long will it take for a $3.5 ft. A rectangular container has a volume of 98 ft3. and height is 4 cm. What rate of speed would they have to average to complete the trail chapter as planned? 156. t = time in years. how much interest would $12. t = time. A ﬂight from Miami to Aruba takes 3. What was the interest rate? 158. 152. Area of a trapezoid: A = 2 h(b1 + b2) where h = height and b1 and b2 are the bases.620. What is the area of a trapezoid whose height is 8 cm and whose bases are 12 cm and 16 cm? 161. How far is it from Miami to Aruba? 154.200 ft2? 162.500 loan was $1. If the length of the box is 7 ft. They planned to hike 6 hours per day and wanted to complete a trail chapter that was 45 miles long. r = interest rate.

What is its surface area? 169. what is its height to the nearest foot? 168. He is going to a country where the temperature is reported in Celsius. The volume of a cylindrical aquarium tank is 13. A steel drum has a base with a radius of 2 feet and a height of 4 feet. 167. If its radius is 12 feet.) 165. The height of the cylinder is three times the radius of the base of the cylinder. What would Jeff ’s low temperature limit be in that country? (Round your answer to the nearest degree. What is the height of a cylinder whose surface area is 282. What is its volume in cubic feet? 166.512 square feet.12 cubic centimeters and whose height is 12 centimeters. Find the radius of a cylinder whose volume is 339. The height of the cylinder is 40 cm. The radius of the base of a cylinder is 20 cm.6 square inches and whose radius is 3 inches? 170.501 Algebra Questions 163. Jeff won’t play golf if the temperature falls below 50° Fahrenheit. A cylinder has a surface area of 2. Find the radius and the height of the cylinder.565 cubic feet. You plan to visit a tropical island where the daytime temperature can reach 45° Celsius. 74 Team-LRN . What would that temperature be on the Fahrenheit scale? 164.

501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Write the applicable formula.5h List the values for the variables. 153. Include the units. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Include the units. ( ). 152.225 D = 1.5 h=? 98 = (7)(3. The simpliﬁed result is underlined. Simplify the expression.5 24. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Substitute the values into the formula.5) D = 1.5 4=h h = 4 feet 98 24. List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression. or [ ].5h = 24. Substitute the values for the variables. 151. Substitute the values into the formula. Include the units. List the values for the variables. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Divide both sides of the equation by 24. D = rt D=? r = 350 t = 3. V = lwh V=? l = 12 cm w = 9 cm h = 4 cm V = (12)(9)(4) V = 432 V = 432 cm3 V = lwh V = 98 l=7 w = 3. { }. Write the appropriate formula.5)h 98 = 24. Write the applicable formula. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.5 D = (350)(3. Simplify the expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Simplify the expression.225 miles 75 Team-LRN .5.

D = rt D = 68 r = 17 t=? 68 = (17)t 68 = 17t = 17 4=t 4 hours = t D = rt D = 45 r=? 6 hrs 3 days · day = 18 hrs.12 = r 12% = r I = prt I = 1. Simplify the expression. Include the units.620 p = 4. 158. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression.620 = (4. Calculate the total number of hours. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula. Write the applicable formula.000)(0. Include the units. Substitute the given values into the formula. Express as a percent.000 p=? r = 4% t=2 76 1620 13500 13. Write the applicable formula. List the values for the variables.5 miles per hour = r I = prt I=? p = 12. Substitute the values for the variables.500.440 I = $1. List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression. 2. List the values for the variables. 155.500 r=? t=3 1.440 I = prt I = 1.501 Algebra Questions 154. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 13. Divide both sides of the equation by 17. Simplify the expression. 156. t = 18 45 = r (18) 45 = 18r = 18 2.500r = 13. Simplify the expression. Team-LRN . Write the applicable formula.500 0. Substitute the given values into the formula.500)r (3) 1. Include the units.5 = r 45 18 18r 68 17 17t List the values for the variables.620 = 13.000 r = 6% t=2 I = (12. Substitute the given values into the formula.06)(2) I = 1. Divide both sides of the equation by 18. 157.500r List the values for the variables.

10)t 3. Simplify the expression.000 = 300t = 300 10 = t 10 years = t A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A=? b1 = 12 b2 = 16 h=8 A= A= 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 3.000 = p(0. Include the units. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 60. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. the account would have to earn $3. Write the applicable formula.200 60 60h 1 1 List the values for the variables. · 8 · (12 + 16) · 8 · 28 Include the units.08 0.000 in interest. Substitute the given values into the formula. 159.200 b1 = 40 b2 = 80 h=? 1 7. Include the units. Substitute the given values into the formula. 1.500 = p I = prt 1.000 p = 3. A = · 224 A = 112 A = 112 cm2 A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 7. Simplify the expression.08p = 0. Substitute the given values into the formula.08 12.200 = 2 · h · (40 + 80) 7. 160. I = 3. Include the units.000 r = 10% t=? 3. 77 Team-LRN . 161. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula.08p To double its value.000 300 300t List the values for the variables.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the given values into the formula.000 = 0.500 = p $12.000 = (3. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Simplify the expression.200 = 2 · h · 120 7. Write the applicable formula.000 0.000)(0.04)(2) 1.08. List the values for the variables.200 = 60 h = 60 120 = h 120 ft = h 7. Divide both sides of the equation by 300.

164. A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 240 b1 = x b2 = 3x h = 12 240 = 1 2 1 2 1 Substitute the given values into the formula. C = 9 (F − 32) C=? F = 50 C = 9 (50 − 32) C = 9 (18) C = 9( 1 ) C = 10 5 18 5 5 78 Team-LRN . Write the applicable formula. List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. 163.501 Algebra Questions 162. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables. Add 160 to both sides of the equation. · 12 · (x + 3x) 240 = · 12 · 4x 240 = 6 · 4x 240 = 24x = 24 10 = x b = 10 b2 = 3(10) b2 = 30 C = 9 (F − 32) C = 45 F=? 45 = 9 (F − 32) 5 9(45) = 9[ 9 (F − 32)] 405 = 5(F − 32) 405 = 5F − 5(32) 405 = 5F − 160 405 + 160 = 5F + 160 − 160 565 = 5F = 5 113 = F 5 565 5 5F 5 5 240 24 24x Divide both sides of the equation by 24. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Substitute the given values into the formula. Substitute 10 for x in the list of variables. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression.

14)(20)(20 + 40) S = 7. 168. V = πr2h V=? r=2 h=4 π = 3.24 V = 50. List the values for the variables.16 = 452.68 r2 9 = r2 3=r 3 cm = r 339. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression.14)(12 2)h 13.14)(2)2(4) V = 50. Simplify the expression.12 = (3.565 452.14 V = (3. Include the units.68 List the values for the variables.12 r=? h = 12 π = 3. Write the applicable formula.16h 452.565 r = 12 h=? π = 3. Write the applicable formula.14 339. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.14 13. Divide both sides of the equation by 37.16.14)r2(12) 339. S = 2πr (r + h) S=? r = 20 h = 40 π = 3. 167. Simplify the expression.536 cm2 79 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 452.501 Algebra Questions 165.565 = 452. 166.16 List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.12 37.565 = (3.12 = 37.14 S = 2(3.16h 30 = h 30 feet = h 13.24 ft3 V = πr2h V = 339. V = πr2h V = 13.536 S = 7. = 37. Include the units. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. Include the units.68r2 37. Include the units. Substitute the given values into the formula.68 List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula.68.

Include the units.512 25. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 282. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 2.6 − 56. Solve for x.14)(x)(x + 3 x) 2.14)(3)(3 + h) 282.14 282.84.28 x(4 x) = 25.52 + 18. Simplify the expression.52 from both sides of the equation.6 = 2(3.84(h) 282.84h 226. r = x = 10 feet h = 3x = 3(10) = 30 feet 80 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 18. Subtract 56.52 − 56.12. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the expression.6 = 18.84(3 + h) 282. Write the applicable formula.12 25. Write the applicable formula.12 100 = x2 10 = x 2.6 r=3 h=? π = 3.84h 18.84 226.84 List the values for the variables.12x2 Substitute the given values into the formula.6 = 18. List the values for the variables. = 12 = h 12 in = h 8.501 Algebra Questions 169.08 18.512 r=x h = 3x π = 3. Simplify the expression.84 h 282.14 2.08 = 18.512 = 6.52 = 56. Simplify the expression.52 + 18.84 Substitute the given values into the formula. Substitute the value for x into the values list. 170. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 25.84(3) + 18.512 = 2(3.6 = 56.

Team-LRN . You select a value for x and solve for the y value. One method for graphing the solution is to use a table with x and y values that are solutions for the particular equation. The y-intercept is the point where the solution graph (line) crosses the y-axis. we will focus on the slope and yintercept method. That is. The solution of a linear equation is the set of ordered pairs that form a line on a coordinate graph. the slope is the rise over the run. 8 Tips for Graphing Linear Equations ■ Rewrite the given equation in the form y = mx + b. The slope of a line is the ratio of the change in the y value over the change in the x value from one point on the solution graph to another. the equation with two variables must be written in the form y = mx + b. Written in this form. From one point to another. But in this chapter. Another way of saying that is: The y-intercept is the place where the value of x is 0.Graphing Linear Equations This chapter asks you to ﬁnd solutions to linear equations by graphing. Every point on the line is a solution for the equation. the m value is a number that represents the slope of the solution graph and the b is a number that represents the y-intercept. The slope and y-intercept method may require you to change an equation into the slope-intercept form.

189. 6y + 13x = 12 82 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ Use the b value to determine where the line crosses the y-axis. b). 2x + 5y = 30 180. the slope is the whole change in y number over 1. y = 4 x − 1 175. x − 3y = 15 182. The value of m is = change in x . Write the slope as a fraction. y + 3x = −2 178. y = 2x + 3 172. 7x = 4y + 8 191. That is the point (0. use a negative sign in only the numerator 3 3 −3 or the denominator. Use the value of m as the slope of the equation. 2y + 4x = 10 181. not both. − 4 = 4 = −4 . y = −2x + 6 174. y − 2 x = 3 2 179. 0 = 2x + 3y 186. y = 2 x − 3 176. 171. If the value of m is a whole number. If the value of m is negative. 3x + 12y = −18 187. y = 5x − 2 173. −5x 3 5 1 1 − y = −2 7 184. 2 3y − 5 6x − 1 2x 1 3y =0 =2 190. Graph the following equations using the slope and y-intercept method. y − 2x = 4 177. y − 0. x = 7y − 14 185. 3x + 9y = −27 183. 20x − 15 = 5y 192.4x = −2 188. For example.

196.4 194. −34x + 85 = 17y 195. Write an equation to represent the glider’s descent from an altitude of 200 feet. 6y + 27x = −42 For the following problems. That is. Write an equation that would represent the monthly bill of a user. Write an equation to represent a diver’s cost for one week of diving at the resort.501 Algebra Questions 193. A dive resort rents scuba equipment at a weekly rate of $150 per week and charges $8 per tank of compressed air used during the week of diving. 197. 198. use the slope/y-intercept method to write an equation that would enable you to draw a graphic solution for each problem. A recent backyard bird count showed that one out of every six birds that visited backyard feeders was a chickadee. 0. for every 25 feet it moves parallel to the ground. 83 Team-LRN . 199.25 per hour of usage per month. An Internet service provider charges $15 plus $0. Write an equation to represent the cost of one day’s rental. 200. it will lose 1 foot of altitude. A glider has a 25:1 descent ratio when there are no updrafts to raise its altitude.1x = 0. Write an equation to represent this ratio. A scooter rental agency charges $20 per day plus $0.7y + 1.05 per mile for the rental of a motor scooter.

Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.3) x 84 Team-LRN . b=3 A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 1. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward.5). 2 change in y (1.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. ( ). 171. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.3 + 2) or (1. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. { }.5) (0. or [ ]. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.3). Regardless of what symbol is used.

b = −2. 5 change in y (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3).−2 + 5) or (1.3) x (0. (0 + 1.−2).−2) 85 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 172. A change in y of 5 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 5 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

6) (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.6 − 2) or (1.4).6).501 Algebra Questions 173. (0 + 1. 2 change in y (0.4) x 86 Team-LRN . A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 6.

3 change in y (4.2). b = −1. (0 + 4.2) x (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−1).501 Algebra Questions 174.−1 + 3) or (4.−1) 87 Team-LRN . A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 5 change in y (2.−3). (0 + 2. b = −3.−3 + 5) or (2.2).−3) 88 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 175.2) x (0.

(0 + 1.4 + 2) or (1.501 Algebra Questions 176. Simplify the equation. Add 2x to both sides of the equation.6).4). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 2 change in y (1. Put the equation in the proper form.6) (0. b = 4. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 2x − 2 x = 2x + 4 y = 2x + 4 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4) x 89 Team-LRN .

A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 3x − 3x = − 3x − 2 y = − 3x − 2 m = −3 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2) (1.−2).−5) 90 Team-LRN . The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 1.501 Algebra Questions 177.−5). Put the equation in the proper form. b = −2. Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation.−2 − 3) or (1. Simplify the equation. 3 change in y x (0.

4 ) (0. 1 1 1 change in y 1 1 1 1 1 1 (2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 2.4 2 ). A change in y of 1 and in x of 2 gives the point y 1 y + 2x − 2x = 2x + 32 y = 2x + 32 m = 2 = change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0.3 2 + 1) or (2.501 Algebra Questions 178. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form.3 ) x 91 Team-LRN .3 2 ). Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. 1 b = 32.

Put the equation in the proper form. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. change in y (0.501 Algebra Questions 179.6 − 2) or (5.4) x 92 Team-LRN . (0 + 5. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. A change in y of −2 and in x of 5 gives the point y 2x − 2x + 5y = −2x + 30 5y = −2x + 30 5y 5 = y= y= (−2x + 30) 5 −2x 30 5 + 5 −2 5x + 6 −2 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4).6). Simplify the equation. b = 6.6) (5.

b = 5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5).501 Algebra Questions 180. Put the equation in the proper form.5 − 2) or (1. Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 2y + 4x − 4x = −4x + 10 2y = −4x + 10 2y 2 = y= y = −2x + 5 (−4x + 10) 2 −4x 10 2 + 2 m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5) (1. (0 + 1.3). Divide both sides of the equation by 2. 2 change in y (0.3) x 93 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation.

The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of 1 and in x of 3 gives the point y x 3 (1)(x) 1 x 1 x − 3y + 3y = 15 + 3y x = 15 + 3y x − 15 = 15 − 15 + 3y x − 15 = 3y (x − 15) 3y = 3 3 x 15 3 − 3 =y x 3 −5=y 1 3x − 5 = y y = 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add 3y to both sides of the equation. b = −5. = (3)(1) = 3 · 1 = 3 x The equation is equivalent to the proper form. Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation.−4) (0.−5) 94 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 3.−5). Put the equation in the proper form. Simplify the equation. (0 + 3.501 Algebra Questions 181.−5 + 1) or (3. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. 1 change in y 1 x (3.−4).

−3 − 1) or (3. Put the equation in the proper form. A change in y of −1 and in x of 3 gives the point y (−x − 9) 3 −x 9 −3 3 −x −9 3 − 3 −1 3x − 3 1 change in y m = − 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract x from both sides of the equation. −4). Divide both sides of the equation by 3.−4) 95 Team-LRN . = −9 x + 3y = −9 x − x + 3y = −x − 9 3y = −x − 9 3y 3 (3x + 9y) 3 3x 9y + 3 3 = −27 3 = y= y= y= The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 182. Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation. b = −3. Divide both sides of the equation by 3.−3). x (0. (0 + 3. Simplify the equation.−3) (3.

1 (0.501 Algebra Questions 183. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1. A change in y of −5 and in x of 1 gives the point of y 7 1 5x − 5x − y = 5x − −y 7 2 = 5x − 7 2 7 −1(−y) = −1(5x − 2 ) 7 2 5 change in y change in x 1 y = −5x + m = −5 = − 1 = 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3 2 − 5) or (1. Put the equation in the proper form. (0 + 1.−1 2 ).3 ) x (1.−1 ) 96 Team-LRN .3 2 ). b = 2 = 32. Add 5x to both sides of the equation.

3) (0. A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2 + 1) or (7. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. x + 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 x + 14 = 7y (x + 14) 7y = 7 7 x 7 +2=y 1 7x + 2 = y 1 y = 7x + 2 The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2). 1 change in y (7.2) x 97 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form. (0 + 7.3). b = 2.501 Algebra Questions 184. Add 14 to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation.

Put the equation in the proper form. so b = 0. Simplify the equation.501 Algebra Questions 185. There is no b showing in the equation. A change in y of −2 and in x of 3 gives the point y −3y −3y −3 0 − 3y = 2x + 3y − 3y = 2x = 2x −3 −2x 3 2 change in y change in x y= m = −3 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0.0) (3.0).−2) x 98 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by −3. Simplify the equation. (0 + 3.−2).0 − 2) or (3. Subtract 3y from both sides of the equation.

−1 2 − 1) or (4.−1 2 ). 1 1 x (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2 2 ).501 Algebra Questions 186. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Simplify the equation. (0 + 4. Simplify the equation. Subtract x from both sides of the equation.−2 ) 99 Team-LRN .−1 ) (4. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form. b = −3. 2 A change in y of −1 and in x of 4 gives the point y = −6 x + 4y = −6 x − x + 4y = − x − 6 4y = − x − 6 4y 4 (3x + 12y) 3 3x 12y + 3 3 = −18 3 = y= y= (−x − 6) 4 −x 6 −4 4 −1x − 11 4 2 −1 m= 4 = change in y change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0.

−2). Put the equation in the proper form.0).4x − 0.4 = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4x − 2 y = 0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2 + 2) or (5.−2) x 100 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation. (0 + 5.4x − 2 m = 0.501 Algebra Questions 187. 4 2 change in y (5. b = −2.4x = 0.4x to both sides of the equation. A change in y of 2 and in x of 5 gives the point y y + 0.0) (0. Add 0.

501 Algebra Questions 188. Put the equation in the proper form.

Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Multiply both sides of the 3 equation by 2 . Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

1

2 3y 2 3y

− 2x + 2x = 0 + 2x = 2x

1

1

1

1

3 2 3 1 2 ( 3 )y = 2 ( 2 x) 3 1y = 4 x 3 y = 4x

m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,0). (0 + 4,0 + 3) or (4,3).

3

change in y

(4,3) x

(0,0)

101

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 189. Simplify the equation. It would be easier to operate with an equation that

doesn’t have fractional coefﬁcients. So if you multiply the whole equation by the lowest common multiple of the denominators, you will have whole numbers with coefﬁcients. Multiply both sides of the 5 1 equation by 6. 6( 6 x − 3 y) = 6(2) Use the distributive 5 1 property of multiplication. 6( 6 x) − 6( 3 y) = 6(2) Simplify the equation. 5x − 2y = 12 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. 5x − 5x − 2y = −5x + 12 −2y = −5x + 12 Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the −2y −5x 12 equation by −2. − 2 = − 2 + −2 Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −6. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point

y

**y = 2x − 6 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−6). (0 + 2,−6 + 5) or (2,−1).
**

5 change in y

5

x (2,−1)

(0,−6)

102

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 190. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2. A change in y of 7 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

7x − 8 = 4y + 8 − 8 7x − 8 = 4y 4y = 7x − 8

4y 4

=

7

7x 4

−

8 4

**y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2). (0 + 4,−2 + 7) or (4,5).
**

7 change in y

(4,5)

x (0,−2)

103

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 191. Exchange the terms on each side

of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −3. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

y

5y = 20x − 15 = 5 − y = 4x − 3

4 5y 5 20x 15 5

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−3). (0 + 1,−3 + 4) or (1,1).

change in y

(1,1) x

(0,−3)

104

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 192. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 13x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −13 and in x of 6 gives the point

y

18 16 14 12 10 8 6

**6y + 13x − 13x = −13x + 12 6y = −13x + 12
**

6y 6

=

−13x

y=

6 −13 6 x

−13

+

12 6

+2

change in y

m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 6,2 − 13) or (6,−11).

2 −18 −16 −14 −12 −10 −8 −6 −4 −2 −2 −4 −6 −8 −10 −12 −14 −16 −18

(0,2)

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18

x

(6,−11)

105

Team-LRN

7 = 7 − 7 Simplify the equation. you could multiply the whole equation by 10.−2) 106 Team-LRN .−2). 1 change in y 1 x (7.−1) (0. A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y y = 7x − 2 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4) Simplify the expression. if it would be easier for you to operate with whole number coefﬁcients instead of decimals to start. 7y = x − 14 Divide both sides of the x 7y 14 equation by 7. Multiply both sides of the equation by 10.7y + 1. b = −2. x = 7y + 14 Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation. (0 + 7. then b = a. x − 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 Simplify the equation.−2 + 1) or (7. 10(0.−1). Once again.501 Algebra Questions 193. x − 14 = 7y If a = b. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.1x) = 10(0.

Divide both sides of the equation by 17. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 17y = −34x + 85 = 17 + y = −2x + 5 −2 17y 17 −34x 85 17 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 194.3) x 107 Team-LRN . change in y (0.3).5).5) (1. Simplify the equation.5 − 2) or (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 1. b = 5.

Add −27x to both sides of the equation. Let y = vertical movement. The change in y is −1 for every change change in y Slope = change in x = in x of +25. 6y + 27x − 27x = −27x − 42 6y = −27x − 42 6y 6 =− −9 Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation.−7 + 9) or (−2. The change in position of the glider is described by the slope. Put the equation in the proper form. A change in y of 9 and in x of −2 gives the point y y= y= 27x 42 6 − 6 −27 6 x−7 2 x−7 9 change in y m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. −1 25 =m 108 Team-LRN . Descending is in the negative. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Forward is in the positive direction. (0 − 2. b = − 7. Let x = horizontal movement. Divide both sides of the equation by 6.2).−7). −9 (−2.2) x (0.501 Algebra Questions 195.−7) 196. Ascending is in the positive direction. Simplify the coefﬁcient of x by a common factor of 3.

05 times the number of miles driven. Let x = the hours of Internet use for the month. or + 200. 200.150) and the 8 slope = 8 = 1 .20) and the slope would be 199.25 or The y-intercept would be at 198. A formula that would represent this information would be: The y-intercept would be at (0. this information would be as follows: A graph of this equation would have a slope of 0. So. y = 8x + 150 Let x = the number of chickadees that visited the feeder.15) 25 100 1 Let x = the number of miles driven in one day. Written as an equation. y = 25 x + 200 A graph of this equation would have a slope of − 1 and the y-intercept would be at (0.25 times the number of hours of use. Let y = the amount of a monthly bill. An equation that represents the statement would be: 6 The y-intercept is (0. y = 6x 109 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions The starting position for the purposes of this graphic solution is at an altitude of 200 ft. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the daily charges plus the 0. y = 0. Let y = the number of birds that visited a backyard feeder.0) and the slope = 6 = 1 . The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the weekly charge for gear rental plus 8 times the number of tanks used.25x + 15 =4 (0. b = 200 Using the standard form y = mx + b. Let y = the total cost for equipment. this would be The graph would have a y-intercept at (0. you substitute the given values into the −1 formula. Let y = the cost of a scooter rental for one day. Written as an equation. The costs for the month will equal $15 plus the $. y = 0.05x + 20 5 100 = 1 20 Let x = the number of tanks used during the week.200) 25 197.

When you have fractional coefﬁcients or terms in an equality or inequality. multiply both sides by the least common multiple of the denominators and work with whole numbers. If the Team-LRN . The methods and procedures you use are virtually the same.9 Solving Inequalities If you compare Chapter 9 to Chapter 6. Keep the symbol facing the same way when you multiply or divide by a positive factor. there will be twenty-ﬁve inequalities so you can practice your solving skills. But remember to change the direction of the inequality when you multiply or divide by a negative factor. Your goal is to isolate the variable on one side of the inequality. Tips for Solving Inequalities ■ ■ Keep the inequality symbol facing the same way when you perform an addition or subtraction to both sides of the inequality. you will ﬁnd only a few differences between solving inequalities and solving equalities. and the result will be your solution. In this chapter. Look at the tips below to see what makes solving inequalities different from solving equalities.

3(4 − 5x) < x − 116 210.79 208. −4x 217. 3(1 − 3x) ≥ −3 (x + 27) 223. 4x + 26 ≥ 90 205. x − 4 3 < 9 + 3 x 220. x − 218. 214. 4x − 6 > 30 203. multiply by multiples of ten until you have whole numbers to work with. 2x + 0. −x 0. 2(7x − 3) ≥ −2(5 + 3x) 212. 2 5x ≤ 18 204. −5[9 224. 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x + 10) 216. 3(x − 16) − 2 < 9(x − 2) − 7x 111 Team-LRN . 8 − 6x < 50 206. Solve the following inequalities.1 ≥ 0.501 Algebra Questions coefﬁcients and/or terms are decimals. 3 2x < – 4 (x + 2) 1 2 3 + 0. 3x − 10 ≤ -3 207. 201.29 > 0. −7(x 5 4 (x + 4) > 2 (x + 8) − 8 + (x − 4)] ≥ 2(13 − x) 222. 221.9 + x + 2) < −5x 1 219.2 4 3x ≤ 20 −5>x−2 + 3(x + 5) ≥ 3(x + 2) 3 4 215. 11(1 − x) ≥ 3(3 − x) − 1 225. 4(x + 1) < 5(x + 2) 211. −6(x + 1) ≥ 60 209. 3x + 2 < 14 202. 16x − 1 < 4(6 − x) 213.

5 4x − 6 + 6 > 30 + 6 4x > 36 > 4 x>9 4x 4 36 Simplify. 5 2 5 2 ( 5 )x ≤ 2 (18) 10 5 18 ( 10 )x ≤ 2 ( 1 ) Simplify. Simplify the inequality. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). { }. (1)x ≤ 45 x ≤ 45 204. 8 − 8 − 6x < 50 − 8 −6x < 42 > −6 x > −7 −6 −6x 42 112 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. 202. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. or [ ]. Simplify the inequality. Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality. Regardless of what symbol is used. 3x + 2 − 2 < 14 − 2 3x < 12 < 3 x<4 3x 3 12 Simplify the inequality. 205. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. Underlined inequalities show the simpliﬁed result. 201. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2 . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Simplify. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 4x + 26 − 26 ≥ 90 − 26 4x ≥ 64 ≥ 4 x ≥ 16 4x 4 64 Simplify the inequality. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Simplify. 203. ( ). Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Divide both sides of the inequality by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.

50 > 2 x > 0. Simplify.29 from both sides of the 1 inequality. Add 10 to both sides of the inequality. 113 Team-LRN . Simplify the inequality. Subtract 0. Simplify the inequality.25 2x 2 0. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add 15x to both sides of the inequality.50 by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. ≤ 7 3 7 3 x≤ x ≤ 23 207. ≤ −6 x + 1 ≤ −10 −6 −6(x + 1) 60 x + 1 − 1 ≤ −10 − 1 x ≤ −11 3(4) − 3(5x) < x − 116 12 − 15x < x − 116 12 − 15x + 15x < x + 15x − 116 12 < 16x − 116 12 + 116 < 16x − 116 + 116 128 < 16x < 8<x 128 16 16x 16 209. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Simplify. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Subtract 1 from both sides of the inequality.79 − 0.29 2x > 0.501 Algebra Questions 206. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify. 208. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the inequality 2x + 0. Simplify the expressions.29 > 0. 3x − 10 + 10 ≤ − 3 + 10 3x ≤ 7 3x 3 Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add 116 to both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 16.29 − 0.

Simplify. Use the distributive property of 2(7x) − 2(3) ≥ −2(5) − 2(3x) 14x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x 14x + 6x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x + 6x 20x − 6 ≥ − 10 20x − 6 + 6 ≥ −10 + 6 20x ≥ −4 20x 20 ≥ − 20 4 4 x ≥ − 20 −1 x≥ 5 16x − 1 < 4(6) − 4(x) 16x − 1 < 24 − 4x 16x − 1 + 1 < 1 + 24 − 4x 16x < 25 − 4x 16x + 4x < 25 − 4x + 4x 20x < 25 20x 20 multiplication. 213. Add 4x to both sides of the inequality. 211.2(20) −x −x inequality by 0. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality.2. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add 6x to both sides of the inequality. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Combine like terms. 212. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20. Combine like terms. Simplify the inequality. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Simplify the expressions on both sides. Reduce the fraction to lowest terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20.2 ) ≤ 0. Subtract 5x from both sides of the inequality. Add 1 to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of 4(x) + 4(1) < 5(x) + 5(2) 4x + 4 < 5x + 10 4x + 4 − 4 < 5x + 10 − 4 4x < 5x + 6 −x 4x − 5x < 5x − 5x + 6 <6 > −1(6) x > −6 −1(−x) multiplication. Multiply both sides of the < 25 20 1 x < 14 0.2( 0. Simplify. Simplify. Simplify and express the fraction in simplest terms. Subtract 4 from both sides of the inequality. 114 ≤4 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 210. Simplify.

x≥ 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 1 3x −1(−x) −4 ≥ −1(4) −5+5>x−2+5 >x+3 −x>x−x+3 − 3x > x − x + 3 >3 3 Simplify. Use the distributive property of 3( 3 x) > 3(3) x>9 3 1 1 ( 3 x) 1 > 3 (3) multiplication. Simplify the expressions. Simplify. Divide both sides of the inequality by 5. Add 5 to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x) − 2(10) 3x + 5 ≥ −2x − 20 3x + 5 − 5 ≥ −2x − 20 −5 3x ≥ −2x − 25 3x + 2x ≥ 2x − 2x − 25 5x ≥ −25 −25 5x 5 ≥ 5 x≥−5 −4x −4x multiplication. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. 214. 216. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. + 3(x) + 3(5) ≥ 3(x) + 3(2) + 3x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 (−4x + 3x) + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 -x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 x − x + 15 ≥ x + 3x + 6 15 ≥ 4x + 6 15 − 6 ≥ 4x + 6 − 6 9 ≥ 4x 9 4 9 4 ≥ 4x 4 ≥x ≥x 1 24 115 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Simplify. Add 2x to both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Subtract 1x from both sides of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. Add x to both sides of the inequality. 215. Express the fraction in its simplest form. Simplify.

Divide both sides of the inequality by 7. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify the expressions. Simplify the expressions.1 from both sides of the 4(x − 4 ) < 4( 4 (x + 2)) 4(x) − 4( 4 ) < 4( 4 )(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x) −3(2) 4x − 3 < −3x − 6 4x − 3 + 3 < −3x − 6 + 3 4x < − 3x − 3 3x + 4x < 3x − 3x − 3 7x < −3 7x 7 3 −3 3 −3 < −3 7 x< 3 2x 3 2x −3 7 inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication.9 − 0.8 + x x−x 3 2 x − x ≥ 0. You can simplify equations (and inequalities) with fractions by multiplying them by a common multiple of the denominators. 3(x − < 3(9 + 3 x) 2 2 3(x) − 3( 3 ) < 3(9) + 3( 3 x) 3x − 13 < 27 + 2x 3x − 13 + 13 < 13 + 27 + 2x 3x < 40 + 2x 3x − 2x < 40 + 2x − 2x x < 40 13 116 Team-LRN . Change the term to an improper fraction. Simplify the terms.8) x ≥ 1. but it can be easier to operate with whole numbers until the last step. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms and simplify.8 1 2( 2 x) ≥ 2(0. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. Subtract 0. Combine like terms. 218. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.1 ≥ 0. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4. 219.1 + x ≥ 0. you have a fraction for an answer. Combine like terms. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 217. Simplify the expressions. Sure. Add 3 to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality.8 + 1 2 x ≥ 0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Add 13 to both sides of the inequality. Add 3x to both sides of the equation.1 − 0. + 0. Simplify.6 x− 13 3 < 9 + 3x 13 3) 2 Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3.

Add 81 to both sides of the inequality. 117 Team-LRN . Simplify the terms. Use the distributive property of 5 5 1 1 4 (x) + 4 (4) > 2 (x) + 2 (8) 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x + 4 − 8 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x − 4 5 4x 3 4x 3 4x 3 4x 1 1 1 −8 − 2x + 5 > 2x − 2x − 4 + 5 > −4 +5−5>4−5 > −9 4 > 3 (−9) x > −12 3(1) − 3(3x) ≥ −3(x) − 3(27) 3 − 9x ≥ −3x − 81 3 − 9x + 9x ≥ 9x − 3x − 81 3 ≥ 6x − 81 3 + 81 ≥ 6x − 81 + 81 84 ≥ 6x ≥ 6 14 ≥ x 84 6 6x 4 3 3 ( 4 x) multiplication. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Combine like terms. 1 Subtract 2 x from both sides of the inequality. Add 9x to both sides. Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions 220. Simplify the terms. Add 14 to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Simplify the expressions. Divide both sides of the inequality by 6. 4 Multiply both sides by 3 3 (the reciprocal of 4 ). Simplify terms. 222. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify the expressions. Simplify the terms. Simplify. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of −7(x) −7x − 7(2)<−5x − 14 < −5x −7x − 14 + 14 < −5x + 14 −7x < −5x + 14 −7x + 5x < 5x −5x + 14 −2x < 14 −2x −2 > −2 x > −7 14 multiplication. Simplify by combining like terms. 221.

Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Remove the inner brackets. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides by 8. Combine like terms. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property. Simplify. 224. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of 11(1) − 11(x) ≥ 3(3) − 3(x) − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 3x − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 1 − 3x 11 − 11x ≥ 8 − 3x 11 − 8 − 11x ≥ 8 − 8 − 3x 3 − 11x ≥ − 3x 3 − 11x + 11x ≥ − 3x + 11x 3 ≥ 8x 3 8 3 8 ≥ 8x 8 ≥x multiplication. −5[9 −5[x + x − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) + 9 − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) −5[x + 5] ≥ 2(13 − x) ≥ 2(13) − 2(x) − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x 5x − 5x − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x + 5x −25 ≥ 26 + 3x −5x −25 −51 −51 Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of −5[x] −5[5] − 26 ≥ 26 − 26 + 3x ≥ 3x 3x ≥ 3 −17 ≥ x 3 multiplication. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. use the commutative property of addition and combine like terms. Add 50 to both sides of the inequality. Use the commutative property to associate like terms. Combine like terms. Add 11x to both sides. 225.501 Algebra Questions 223. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality. 3(x) − 3(16) − 2 < 9(x) − 9(2) − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 18 − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 7x − 18 3x − 50 < 2x − 18 3x − 50 + 50 < 2x − 18 + 50 3x < 2x + 32 3x − 2x < 2x − 2x + 32 x < 32 118 Team-LRN . Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality.

To complete the graph. you will practice graphing inequalities that have one or two variables. use a solid circle on the number line as the endpoint when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. use a coordinate plane to graph the solution. A solid circle shows that the solution graph includes the endpoint. you use a number line. When there are two variables.Graphing Inequalities In this chapter. Team-LRN . an open circle shows that the solution graph does not include the endpoint. 10 Tips for Graphing Inequalities When using a number line to show the solution graph for an inequality. use an open circle to show the endpoint. When the inequality symbol is < or >. When there are two variables. Use the slope and the y-intercept of the transformed inequality to show the boundary line for your solution graph. you use a coordinate plane. Draw a solid line when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. Use the skills you have been practicing in the previous chapters to transform the inequality into the slope/y-intercept form you used to graph equalities with two variables. shade the region above the boundary line when the inequality symbol is > or ≥. Draw a dotted line when the inequality symbol is < or >. Shade the region below the boundary line when the inequality symbol is < or ≤. When there is only one variable.

3 y − 0. −12 ≤ − 3(x + y) 247.501 Algebra Questions A simple way to check your graphic solution is to pick a point on either side of the boundary line and substitute the x and y values in your inequality. 0. x >−1 Graph the following inequalities on a coordinate plane. x < −1 228. y + 2 ≤ 3x + 5 237. y > 4x − 5 234. x ≥ 4 227.) 231.5y − x + 3 > 0 240. −28y Team-LRN . 3x − 4 > 2y 238. 2y − 3x < 8 236. (Use graph paper. x ≤ 6 229. 3x − y ≤ 7x + y − 8 245. An easy point to use. is the origin (0. if it is not your y-intercept. then you have shaded the correct side of the boundary line. 3y + 4x < 9 − x 246. 3 4y + 6 ≥ 3x 239. x 3 + y ≤ 3x − 5 ≥ 2x − 14( y + 10) 120 249. x − y ≤ 7 241. 226. x > 5 230.5x > 0. y > x + 1 232. Graph the following inequalities on a number line. y ≥ -x + 2 233.9 244. y 3 2 3 < −x −3y + 9x ≤ − 6 243. If the result is a true statement. 2( y + 3) − x ≥ 6(1 − x) 250. 0. 242. 0). 1 2x +y≤3 235. 9y + 7 ≥ 2(x + 8) 248.

−10 −5 0 5 10 230. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The answers to these questions are the graphs. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. −10 −5 0 5 10 228. or [ ]. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. { }. 226. −10 −5 0 5 10 229. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Regardless of what symbol is used. −10 −5 0 5 10 121 Team-LRN . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. −10 −5 0 5 10 227. ( ). it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.

501 Algebra Questions 231. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 1. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,1). (0 + 1,1 + 1) or (1,2).

1

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(1,2) (0,1) x

122

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 232. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 1,2 − 1) or (1,1).

−1

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(0,2) (1,1) x

123

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 233. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = −5. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−5). (0 + 1,−5 + 4) or (1,−1).

4

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

x (1,−1)

(0,−5)

124

Team-LRN

**501 Algebra Questions 234. Subtract 2 x from both sides
**

1

of the inequality.

1 2x

− 2x + y ≤ − 2x + 3

1

−1

1

1

Combine like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 3. A change in y of −1 and in x of 2 gives the point

**y ≤ − 2x + 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,3). (0 + 2,3 − 1) or (2,2).
**

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(0,3) (2,2) x

125

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 235. Add 3x to both sides

of the inequality. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point

2y − 3x + 3x < 3x + 8 2y < 3x + 8

2y 2

<

3

3x 2

+

8 2

**y < 2x + 4 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4). (0 + 2,4 + 3) or (2,7).
**

3 change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(2,7)

(0,4)

x

126

Team-LRN

Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.6).6) (0. Combine like terms. b = 3.501 Algebra Questions 236.3 + 3) or (1. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point y + 2 − 2 ≤ 3x + 5 − 2 y ≤ 3x + 3 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3). y (1. (0 + 1. Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality.3) x 127 Team-LRN . The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

−2) 128 Team-LRN .1) x (0. 2y < 3x − 4 Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. y (2. then d = c.1). A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point < 3x − 2 32 y < 2x − 2 m= 3 2 2y 2 4 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. the direction of the inequality symbol must change when you change sides of the statement.−2). In an equation. But for an inequality. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. if c = d. Rewrite the inequality with sides exchanged and the symbol reversed. then d < c. b = −2.−2 + 3) or (2.501 Algebra Questions 237. If c > d. Simplify terms. (0 + 2. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.

−4).501 Algebra Questions 238. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point 3 4y 3 4y + 6 − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3 (3x − 6) ≥ 3 (3x) − 3 (6) change in y change in x 4 4 4 4 3 3 ( 4 y) 4 3 3 ( 4 y) y ≥ 4x − 8 m= 4 1 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. y x (1. b = −8. (0 + 1. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−4) (0. Multiply both sides of the 4 inequality by the reciprocal 3 .−8 + 4) or (1. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality.−8) 129 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication.−8). Simplify terms. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Combine like terms.

5 3 0.−6 + 2) or (1.5 x 0. y x (1.501 Algebra Questions 239.−6). Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add 1x to both sides of the inequality.5. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point 0. (0 + 1. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it. Divide both sides of the inequality by 0. Combine like terms.5y 0. Simplify the expressions.5y + x − x > x − 3 0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5y > x − 3 0.5y − x > − 3 0.5 − 3 0. Subtract 3 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms.5 y> − y > 2x − 6 m=2= 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = −6.−6) 130 Team-LRN .5y − x + 3 − 3 > 0 − 3 0.−4).5 > x 0.−4) (0.

Use the commutative property of addition.501 Algebra Questions 240. y x (1. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms.−6) (0. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expression. (0 + 1.−7 + 1) or (1. Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point x−y−x≤7−x x−x−y≤7−x -y ≤ 7 − x (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7 − x) (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7) − (−1)(x) y ≥ −7 + x y≥x−7 m=1= 1 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−7) 131 Team-LRN .−6). Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. b = −7. Use the commutative property of addition to associate like terms.−7). The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. Use the commutative property of addition. b = 2.−1) 132 Team-LRN .−1).501 Algebra Questions 241. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y (0. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 − x) 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 ) − 3(x) y < 2 − 3x y < −3x + 2 m = −3 = −3 y y 2 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2). Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. (0 + 1.2 − 3) or (1.2) x (1.

y ≥ 2 −(−3x) y ≥ 2 + 3x Use the commutative property of addition. y (1. b = 2.2) x 133 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 242. Combine like terms.2). A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point −3y −3y + 9x − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≥ −6 −3 −3y −3 y≥ −6 −3 − − 9x −3 9x ( −3 ) y ≥ 3x + 2 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5) (0.2 + 3) or (1. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Divide both sides of the inequality by −3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.5). (0 + 1. Subtract 9x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the terms.

A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point 0.3 ) 0.9 −0. y (3.5x − 0.3y > −0.3 0.8) (0.3 < −0.3 + 5) or (3.5x − 0.3y > −0. b = 3.3y > −0. Combine like terms.5x − −0. Subtract 0. Subtracting a negative number is the same as adding a positive. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3). Combine like terms.3y − 0.5x − 0.9 y < 3 x − (−3) y < 3x + 3 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3 ) − ( −0. Simplify the terms.5x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expression.3y − 0.9 − 0.9 0.9 −0.3y −0.3y −0.3 < ( −0.5x − 0.3) x 134 Team-LRN .5x − 0. Subtract 0.501 Algebra Questions 243. 5 change in y 5 5 Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.3y from both sides of the inequality. (0 + 3.5x −0.9 0. Divide both sides of the inequality by −0.5x − 0.8).3y > 0.3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.

(0 + 1.2). Subtract y from both sides of the inequality. b = 4. Subtract 3x from both sides of the inequality. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point 3x − 3x − y ≤ 7x − 3x + y − 8 −y ≤ 4x + y − 8 −y −2y − y ≤ 4x + y − y − 8 ≤ 4x − 8 ≥ 4x − 8 −2 8 4x − 2 − ( −2 ) −2y −2 y≥ y ≥ − 2x − (−4) y ≥ −2x + 4 m = −2 = −2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify.2) x 135 Team-LRN . Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Combine like terms.4).4) (1. Simplify terms. y (0. Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions 244. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.4 − 2) or (1.

Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.501 Algebra Questions 245. Simplify the terms.3 − 5) or (3. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of −5 and in x of 3 gives the point 3y + 4x − 4x < 9 − x − 4x 3y < 9 − 5x 3y 3 < y< y< y< 5x 9 3 − 3 9 5x (3) − ( 3 ) 5 3 − 3x −5x + 3 3 −5 m= 3 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 4x from both sides of the inequality. y (0.3). Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Use the commutative property.−2) 136 Team-LRN .−2). b = 3. Combine like terms.3) x (3. Simplify the expressions. (0 + 3.

(0 + 1. Add 12 to both sides of the inequality.4). Combine like terms. Add 3y to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Simplify the expressions.501 Algebra Questions 246. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point −12 ≤ −3x − 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x −3y + 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x 3y − 12 + 12 ≤ −3x + 12 3y ≤ −3x + 12 ≤ 3x + 3 y ≤ -x + 4 3y 3 − 12 3 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 4.3). y (0. −1 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.4) (1.4 − 1) or (1. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3.3) x 137 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 9.1 + 2) or (9. Subtract 7 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. b = 1. (0 + 9. 2 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.1) x 138 Team-LRN .3) (0.1).3). Use the distributive property of multiplication. A change in y of 2 and in x of 9 gives the point 9y + 7 ≥ 2x + 16 9y + 7 − 7 ≥ 2x + 16 − 7 9y ≥ 2x + 9 9y 9 ≥ 2 2x 9 + 9 9 y ≥ 9x + 1 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 247. y (9.

Subtract x from both sides of the inequality.3) x (0. Simplify the expressions. (0 + 3. Simplify terms.3).−5 + 8) or (3.−5).501 Algebra Questions 248. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−5) 139 Team-LRN . b = −5. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Combine like terms. y (3. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. A change in y of 8 and in x of 3 gives the point 3( 3 + y) ≤ 3(3x − 5) 3( 3 ) + 3( y) ≤ 3(3x) − 3(5) x + 3y ≤ 9x − 15 x − x + 3y ≤ 9x − x − 15 3y ≤ 8x − 15 3y 3 x x ≤ 8 8x 3 − 15 3 y ≤ 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 8 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

(0 + 2. A change in y of −5 and in x of 2 gives the point 2( y) + 2(3) − x ≥ 6(1) − 6(x) 2y + 6 − x ≥ 6 − 6x 2y + 6 − x + x ≥ 6 − 6x + x 2y + 6 ≥ 6 − 5x 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 5x − 6 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 6 − 5x 2y ≥ − 5x 2y 2 ≥ −5x y≥ −5 2 2 x change in y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 0. Simplify terms.0) x (2.0). Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. −5 Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. y (0.−5) 140 Team-LRN .−5).0 − 5) or (2.501 Algebra Questions 249. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property with like terms. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add x to both sides of the inequality.

Simplify the terms. A change in y of −1 and in x of 7 gives the point −28y −28y −28y −14y ≥ 2x − 14( y) − 14(10) ≥ 2x − 14y − 140 + 14y ≥ 2x − 14y + 14y − 140 ≥ 2x −140 2x −14y −14 ≤ −1 −14 − 140 −14 y≤ 7 x + 10 change in y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 7.10) (7. Divide both sides of the inequality by −14 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. Use the distributive property of multiplication. −1 Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. Simplify terms.10). b = 10.501 Algebra Questions 250. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.9).10 − 1) or (7.9) x 141 Team-LRN . The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y (0. Add 14y to both sides of the inequality.

Graphing systems of linear equations on the same coordinate plane will give you a solution that is common to both equations. The graphic solution will either be the common areas of the graphs of the inequalities or there will be no solution if the areas do not overlap. the lines are parallel and will not intersect.Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities This chapter will present ﬁfteen systems of equalities and ten systems of inequalities as practice in ﬁnding solutions graphically. In this case. Team-LRN . There are three possibilities for a pair of equations: ■ 11 ■ ■ The solution will be one coordinate pair at the point of intersection. Pairs of inequalities can also have a common solution. The solution will be all the points on the line graph because the equations coincide. You will ﬁnd complete explanations and graphs in the answer explanations. There will be no solution if the line graphs have the same slope but different y-intercepts.

y = x + 2 y = -x + 4 252. 6y = 9(x − 6) 260. For inequalities. The intersection of the shaded areas will be the solution for the system. 4x − 5y = 5 259. 15y = 6(3x + 15) y = 6(1 − x) 261. For equations. When multiplying or dividing by a negative term. Find the solutions for the following systems of equations by graphing on graph paper. change the direction of the inequality symbol for each operation. 2x + y = 4 3( y + 9) = 7x 257. 2y − x = 2 3x + y = 8 253. 3y = 6x + 6 5y = 10(x − 5) 262. y = x + 9 4y = 16 − x 5y = 20 − x 3(2y + 5x) = −6 258.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Transform each equation or inequality into the slope/y-intercept form. 251. 2y = 6x + 14 4y = x − 16 256. 3(2x + 3y) = 63 27y = 9(x − 6) 143 Team-LRN . 4y = −7(x + 4) 4y = x + 4 254. graph the boundaries as the appropriate dotted or solid line and shade the area for each inequality depending upon the inequality symbol present. y − x = 5 − x −4y = 8 − 7x 255. graph the lines and look for the point or points of intersection. That is the solution.

7( y − 5) < −5x 274. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3y ≤ 2(6 − x) 272.501 Algebra Questions 263. 3x + 4y = 12 y = 3 − 8x 265. y − x ≥ 6 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 269. 5y ≤ 8(x + 5) 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 270. y > 4 (4 − x) 7 < 4 (2x − 3y) 3( y + 5) > 7x 2x + y ≤ −3 275. 9( y − 4) < 4x −9y −3 < 2(x + 9) 1 273. 266. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 4x + y < 4x + 5 271. 16y = 10(x − 8) 6 8y − 17x = 56 Find the solution for each of the following systems of inequalities by graphing and shading. 2y − 3x ≥ −6 y ≥ 5 − 2x 267. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 144 Team-LRN . x − 20 = 5y 10y = 8x + 20 264. 6y < 5x − 30 5 2y < −x + 4 268.

The graph is shown. or [ ]. { }.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. 145 Team-LRN . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Underlined ordered pair is the solution. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used. ( ).

y y=x+2 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 1 change in y y = −x + 4 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4). b = 2. b = 4. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1.3). The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 1 for (1. The solution is (1.3). ************ The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3).4) (1. −1 change in y (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2).3) (0.2) x 146 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 251.

The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify. Divide both sides by 2.2) x 147 Team-LRN .5) (0. The solution is (2.8) 2y − x = 2 2y − x + x = x + 2 2y = x + 2 y = 2x + 1 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y (0. 1 change in y 1 3x + y = 8 3x − 3x + y = −3x + 8 y = −3x + 8 m = −3 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.1) (2.2). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. b = 8.2). −3 change in y (1.8). Combine like terms. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 2 for (2.5). b = 1. Add x to both sides.501 Algebra Questions 252. ************ Subtract 3x from both sides. The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 1 for (1.1).

2) x (0. y 4y = −7(x + 4) 4 y = −7x − 28 y= −7 4 x−7 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.1). ************ Divide both sides by 4. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.1) (−4.2).−7) (4.501 Algebra Questions 253. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 4.0) (4. 1 change in y (0.0).−14).−14) 148 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −7. b = 1. The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. −7 4y = x + 4 1 y = 4x + 1 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The solution is (−4. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4.−7).

−2). ************ Divide both sides by Simplify terms.−2) 149 Team-LRN .5).5) x (0. The solution is (4. Combine like terms on each side. The graph is a line parallel to the x-axis through (0. Use the commutative property. Add x to both sides.5).5). 7 change in y (0. y−x=5−x y−x+x=5−x+x y=5 −4y −4y −4 = 8 − 7x 8 7x = −4 − − 4 7 7 y = −2 + 4 x y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5) (4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 254. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. y −4. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.

1) x (4.−3) (0. b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4.−5) 150 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 2. 6 −6 change in y 4y = x − 16 1 y = 4x − 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 2 for (−2. ************ Divide both sides by 4. 2y = 6x + 14 y = 2x + 7 6 m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−3). Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.−4) (−4.−4).7) (−2. 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−5).501 Algebra Questions 255. y (0.1).7).

−2). Divide both sides by 3. y (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2) (0. Subtract 27 from both sides.4).−9) 151 Team-LRN .2). Simplify. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. −2 change in y 3( y + 9) = 7x Distributive property of multiplication.−9).2) x (3.4) (1. Subtract 2x from both sides. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 256.−2). ************ 2x + y = 4 2x − 2x + y = 4 − 2x y = 4 − 2x y = −2x + 4 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1. Combine like terms on each side. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3. Use the commutative property. 7 change in y 7 The solution for the system of equations is (3. 3y + 27 = 7x 3y + 27 − 27 = 7x − 27 3y = 7x − 27 y = 3x − 9 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4). 1 change in y 4y = 16 − x 4y = −x + 16 y = −4x + 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 257. b=9 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 4 for (4.9) (−4. ************ Use the commutative property.10).5) (0. y (1.9).5).10) (0.3) x 152 Team-LRN . The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. −1 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4. y=x+9 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4) (4. Divide both sides by 4.3).

501 Algebra Questions 258. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 4x from both sides. Simplify. Use the commutative property. Divide both sides by −5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5,3). ************ Divide both sides by 5. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 5 for (5,3).

**4x − 5y = 5 4x − 4x − 5y = 5 − 4x −5y = 5 − 4x −5y = −4x + 5 y = 5x − 1 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).
**

4 change in y 4

5y = 20 − x 1 y = 4 − 5x y=

−1

5

x+4

change in y

m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4).

−1

**The solution for the system of equations is (5,3).
**

y

(0,4) (5,3) x (0,−1)

153

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 259. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 9 spaces and right 6 for (6, 0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 15x from both sides. Simplify. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2,−6).

**6y = 9(x − 6) 6y = 9x − 54 y = 6x − 9 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−9).
**

9 change in y 9

**3(2y + 5x) = − 6 6y + 15x = −6 6y + 15x − 15x = −15x − 6 6y = −15x − 6 y=
**

−15

6

x−1

−5

m = 6 = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).

−15

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (2,−6).
**

y

x (0,−1) (6,0)

(2,−6) (0,−9)

154

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 260. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 15. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 5 for (−5,0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 1 for (1,0).

**15y = 6(3x + 15) 15y = 18x + 90 y=
**

18 15 x 18

+6

6

−6

m = 15 = 5 = −5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).

change in y

**y = 6(1 − x) y = 6 − 6x y = −6x + 6 m = −6 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).
**

−6

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (0,6).
**

y

(0,6)

(−5,0)

(1,0)

x

155

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 261. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,4). ************ Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,−8).

**3y = 6x + 6 y = 2x + 2 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2).
**

2 change in y

**5y = 10(x − 5) 5y = 10x − 50 y = 2x − 10 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−10).
**

2 change in y

**The slopes are the same, so the line graphs are parallel and do not intersect.
**

y

(1,4) (0,2) x

(1,−8) (0,−10)

156

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 262. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 6x from both sides. Simplify. Commutative property. Divide both sides by 9. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3,5). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 27. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 3 for (3,−1).

3(2x + 3y) = 63 6x + 9y = 63 6x − 6x + 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = −6x + 63 y=

−6

9

x+7

−2

m = 9 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,7).

−6

change in y

27y = 9(x − 6) 27y = 9x − 54 y=

9 27 x 9

−2

1 change in y

m = 27 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2).

**The solution for the system of equations is (9,1).
**

y

(0,7) (3,5)

(9,1) x (3,−1) (0,−2)

157

Team-LRN

6) (0. x − 20 = 5y 5y = x − 20 y = 5x − 4 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−6).6).501 Algebra Questions 263. 8 4 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−10. Divide both sides by 5.−6) 158 Team-LRN . b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 5 for (5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5. 1 change in y 1 10y = 8x + 20 8 y = 10 x + 2 m = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ Divide both sides by 10.2).2) x (5. then b = a.−4). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−3) (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. y (5.−4) (−10. If a = b.−3).

0) x (8. ************ Use the commutative property. −3 y = 3 − 8x −6 y= 8x+3 m = 8 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 3x from both sides.0).501 Algebra Questions 264. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−3) 159 Team-LRN .−3). y (0. Simplify. 3x + 4y = 12 3x − 3x + 4y = −3x + 12 4y = −3x + 12 y= −3 4 x+3 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3). b=3 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 8 for (8. −6 6 change in y The solution for the system of equations is the entire line because the graphs coincide.3) (4.3). Divide both sides by 4. b = +3 The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 4 for (4.

{Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.} b = −5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and left 8 for (−8.−10) 160 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 265.} b=7 The slope tells you to go down 17 spaces and left 8 for (−8. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.−5) (−8. Divide both sides by 8. ************ Subtract 17x from both sides.7) (8.0) x (0. 8y − 17x = 56 8y − 17x + 17 x = 17x + 56 8y = 17x + 56 y= 17 8 x+7 = −17 −8 m= 17 8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. y (0.−10).−10). 16y = 10(x − 8) 16y = 10x − 80 y= 10 16 x 10 16 −5 = 5 8 m= = −5 −8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (−8.7). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−10). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 16.−5).

0) (0. 3 change in y y ≥ 5 − 2x y ≥ −5x + 5 2 m= −5 5 2 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add 3x to both sides. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. Divide both sides by 2. Transform the inequalities into slope/y-intercept form.} b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2. −3 2y − 3x ≥ − 6 2y − 3x + 3x ≥ +3x − 6 2y ≥ 3x − 6 3 y ≥ 2x − 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y (0.5) The solution for the system of inequalities is where the shaded areas overlap. ************ Use the commutative property.5) (2. Simplify.0).0).−3) x 161 Team-LRN . {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. b= The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 2 for (2.−3).501 Algebra Questions 266.

−1 change in y b=2 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 2 for (2.−5).2).−5) 162 Team-LRN .1) (6.0). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. y (0.0) x (0. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. 5 change in y 5 b = −5 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 6 for (6.501 Algebra Questions 267.2) (2.1). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 2y <− −x + 4 1 y< 2x+2 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ Divide both sides by 2. 6y < 5x − 30 y < 6x − 5 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 6.

Simplify. −2 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 11y ≥ −2x − 22 y≥ b= The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 11 for (11. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.6). Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. y (−1.−4) 163 Team-LRN . Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥.−2) (11. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication.−2) −2 11 x − 2 −2 change in y = 11 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. m The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 268.5).6) x (0. Simplify.5) (0. y−x≥6 y−x+x≥x+6 y≥x+6 m = 1 = −1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. −1 change in y b=6 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and left 1 for (−1.−4). Add x to both sides. Divide both sides by 11.

Divide both sides by 5. Divide both sides by 5.0) (5. Use the distributive property of multiplication. The slope tells you to go down 8 spaces and left 5 for (−5.0). Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.12).501 Algebra Questions 269. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 5y ≤ 60 − 12x 5y ≤ −12x + 60 y≤ −12 change in y change in x b = 12 The slope tells you to go down 12 spaces and right 5 for (5. m= The y-intercept is at the point (0.12) y (0.8).8) (−5. Use the commutative property of addition. (0.0). 5 x + 12 −12 change in y 5 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.} b=8 The y-intercept is at the point (0.0) x 164 Team-LRN . Use a solid line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is ≤. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 3x + 4y = 12 5y ≤ 8x + 40 y ≤ 5x + 8 m= 8 5 8 = −8 −5 = {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.

6).5) (0. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. y (10. the line is parallel to the x-axis. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 2x + 10y > 5x + 30 2x − 2x + 10y > 5 x − 2x + 30 10y > 3x + 30 y> m The y-intercept is at the point (0. 4x − 4x + y < 4x − 4x + 5 Simplify. Simplify the inequality. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >. y < 0x + 5 With a slope of zero.6) (0. 3 10 x + 3 3 change in y = 10 = change in x b=3 The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 10 for (10.3) x 165 Team-LRN .3). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Divide both sides by 10.501 Algebra Questions 270. ************ 4x + y < 4x + 5 Subtract 4x from both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 2x from both sides. The y-intercept is (0.5). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.

Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥.−2) (3.} b=4 The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.−4) 166 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property.2).2) x (0. y 3 (0.501 Algebra Questions 271. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−4). −2 3y ≤ 12 − 2x 3y ≤ −2x + 12 y≤ m= −2 3 x+4 = change in y change in x −2 {Slopes that are the same will result in parallel lines. m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 3. Use the distributive property of multiplication.4) The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3.4) (3. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3 y ≥ −2x − 6 y≥ −2 3 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. Divide both sides by 3. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.−2).

−2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative. Divide both sides by −9. Use the distributive property of multiplication.−2) (9.501 Algebra Questions 272.8) (0. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 9.8). 9( y − 4) < 4x 9y − 36 < 4x 9y − 36 + 36 < 4x + 36 y < 9x + 4 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4). Add 36 to both sides. 4 change in y 4 b=4 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 9 for (9.−4) 167 Team-LRN . Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >. y (9. −9y −9y < 2(x + 9) < 2x + 18 −2 y> 9 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 9 for (9. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.−2).−4).4) x (0.

7( y − 5) < −5x 7y − 35 < −5x 7y − 35 + 35 < −5x + 35 7y < −5x + 35 y< −5 7 x+5 change in y b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 7 for (7.501 Algebra Questions 273. Add 35 to both sides. Simplify the inequality. Simplify the inequality. Simplify the inequality. 168 Team-LRN . −3 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 3.0). −5 < 4 (2x − 3y) 1 1 4(−3) < 4( 4 )(2x − 3y) −12 < 1(2x − 3y) −12 < 2x −3y −12 + 3y < 2x − 3y + 3y −12 + 3y < 2x −12 + 12 + 3y < 2x + 12 3y < 2x + 12 y < 3x + 4 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is <. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add 3y to both sides. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Add 12 to both sides. b=4 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. Divide both sides by 7. 2 change in y 2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph (next page).6). ************ Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4.5). Simplify. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.

0).5) (0. Divide both sides by 3. Subtract 15 from both sides.7). b = −5 3y + 15 > 7x 3y + 15 − 15 > 7x − 15 3y > 7x − 15 y > 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.6) (0.501 Algebra Questions y (3. −7 7 7 change in y b=7 The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. Use the commutative property.4) (7. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >. Simplify the inequality. y > 4 (4 − x) y > 7 − 4x −7 y> 4x+7 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 274. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−5) 7 change in y 7 169 Team-LRN .0) x Graph for Question 273. ************ 3( y + 5) > 7x Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

2). y (0. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 2 for (2.501 Algebra Questions The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3. Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative. 5 change in y 5 170 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by −2.2) (4. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >. Subtract 5x from both sides. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ 0 5x − 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ −5x −2y − 20 + 20 ≤ −5x + 20 −2y ≤ −5x + 20 y ≥ 2 x − 10 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the inequality.−10).−5). Add 20 to both sides. 275.−5) Graph for Question 274. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.0) x (0.7) (3.

−5) (0.−5) (2. 2x + y ≤ −3 2x − 2x + y ≤ −2x − 3 y ≤ −2x − 3 m = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.−10) Graph for Question 275.501 Algebra Questions Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. ************ Subtract 2x from both sides.−3) (1. 171 Team-LRN .−3). −2 change in y b = −3 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1.−5). y x (0. Simplify the inequality.

and solving equations. use it in one of the two equations to determine the value of the remaining variable. The two methods you will practice here are called the elimination method and the substitution method. you just substitute the found value into one of the equations and solve for the other variable.12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically There is a faster way to solve systems of equations than graphing and ﬁnding the solution point. combining like terms. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for one variable. You can solve systems of equations using algebraic methods. One method is not better than the other. Then you will eliminate the variable by substituting into the other equation and solve. Then you solve the remaining equation for the remaining variable. Practice will help you decide. But you may ﬁnd that you will begin to see which equations. You will be using the skills you have practiced in the chapters on working with algebraic expressions. one of the variables will be eliminated. lend themselves to one method over the other. In the elimination method. you will transform one or both of the two equations in the system so that when you add the two equations together. Team-LRN . because of their structure. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for the remaining variable. you will transform one of the equations so that one variable is expressed in terms of the other. In the substitution method.

6y + 3x = 30 284. 2x + 7y = 36 3x + 4y = 15 287. Then transform the equation or equations so that you will get the result you want. 3x + 4y = 17 −x 278.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically When using the elimination method. or as variables such as x = 2 and y = 4. 3x − 5y = −21 288. y). ﬁrst make a plan to determine which variable you will eliminate from the system. Express your solution as a coordinate point or in the form (x.5x + 5y = 28 3x − y = 13 5x + y = −2 1 2x 280. Use the elimination method to solve the following systems of equations. 3x + y = 20 + 10 = y 286. 1 4x 2(2y − x) = 16 + y = 12 1 2x − 3 y = 21 173 Team-LRN . 276. 0. 7x + 3y = 2 2x + y = 0 279. 3(x + y) = 18 281. + 2y = 12 2x − y = 21 3x − 15 = y 2y + 6x = 0 282. 5x + 8y = 25 283. 3x = 5 − 7y 2y = x − 6 x 3 285. x + y = 4 2x − y = 5 + 2y = 1 277.

6 y + 21x = 8. 8x − y = 0 10x + y = 9 293. 2x + y = 2 − 5y x−y=5 2x 10 y 297. x + 5y = 10 299.501 Algebra Questions Use the substitution method to solve the following systems of equations. y = 3x 4x + 5y = 95 290. 289. 2(2 − x) = 3y − 2 3x + 9 = 4(5 − y) 174 Team-LRN . 5x + y = 20 296. 5x + y = 3. + 5 =1 3x + 2y = 12 x − 3 = 2y 298.4 292. 4y + 31 = 3x y + 10 = 3x 300. y + 4x = 0 295. x + y = 3 3x + 101 = 7y 291. =y+2 2x − 4y = 32 y − 3x = 28 3x = 2 y + 1 1 x 3 294.

Identity element of addition. Simplify terms. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 276. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Be aware that you may have used a different method of elimination to arrive at the correct answer. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Multiply both sides by −1. Simplify. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Divide both sides by 4. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Simplify. Now solve for x. Divide both sides by 3. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Subtract 4 from both sides. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Subtract 3 from both sides. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. { }. Add the ﬁrst and transformed second equations. or [ ]. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. The underlined ordered pair is the solution. 277. We could add the equations together if we had x+y=4 2x − y = 5 3x + 0 = 9 3x = 9 =3 x=3 (3) + y = 4 3−3+y=4−3 y=1 3x 3 9 a −3x in the second equation. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.1). Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Additive identity.2). Multiply the second equation by 3. Add the equations. ( ). Simplify. Simplify. 3(-x + 2y = 1) −3x + 6y = 3 3x + 4y = 17 0 + 10y = 20 10y = 20 y=2 −x −x + 2(2) = 1 +4=1 −x + 4 − 4 = 1 − 4 −x = −3 x=3 175 Team-LRN .

−4). Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Subtract 4 from both sides. See what the ﬁrst equation looks like after 5(3x − y) = 5(13) 5(3x) − 5( y) = 5(13) 15x − 5y = 65 0. Multiply both sides by −1. Simplify. If you multiply the second equation by 5 and add the equations together. Simplify terms. Multiply the equation by −3. Simplify. 280.5). −3(2x −6x −6x + y = 0) − 3y = 0 − 3y = 0 7x + 3y = 2 x+0=2 x=2 2(2) + y = 0 4+y=0 4 − 4 + y = −4 y = −4 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.5 x = 93 x=6 3(6) − y = 13 18 − y = 13 18 − 18 − y = 13 − 18 −y = −5 (−1)(−y) = (−1)(−5) y=5 distributing the multiplication on the left. Divide both sides by 15.5x + 5y = 28 15. 3x + 3y = 18 + y) = −3(−2) − 3( y) = −3(−2) −15x − 3y = 6 3x + 3y = 18 −12x + 0 = 24 −12x = 24 x = −2 −3(5x) −3(5x 176 Team-LRN . Add the ﬁrst and second equations. Add the ﬁrst equation to the transformed second. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add equations to eliminate y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (2. Transform the second equation so you can add it to the ﬁrst and eliminate y. you can eliminate the y.501 Algebra Questions 278. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Additive identity.5. The solution for the system of equations is (6. Subtract 18 from both sides. Simplify. Additive identity.5x + 0 = 93 15. Divide both sides by −12. Simplify terms. 279. Distributive property of multiplication.

Additive identity. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Transform the second equation into a similar 2(2x − y) = 2(21) 2(2x) − 2( y) = 2(21) 4x − 2y = 42 1 2 x + 2y = 12 4 2 x + 0 = 54 4 2 x = 54 2(4 2 x = 54) 9x = 108 x = 12 2(12) − y = 21 24 − 24 − y = 21 − 24 −y = −3 y=3 1 1 1 format to the ﬁrst equation. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Divide both sides by 9. 281. Simplify. Simplify. Multiply the second equation by 8 and add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Multiply the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Simplify. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Add 10 to both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 282. The solution for the system of equations is (12. Add 15 to both sides.0). then line up like terms. Multiply the second equation by 2 and add to 5(−2) + y = −2 + y = −2 10 − 10 + y = 10 − 2 y=8 −10 the ﬁrst to eliminate y. Simplify. Multiply the equation by −1. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Combine like terms on each side. The solution for the system of equations is (−2.3). Simplify. 3x − 15 + 15 = y + 15 3x = y + 15 3x − y = y − y + 15 3x − y = 15 8(3x − y) = 15 24x − 8y = 120 5x + 8y = 25 29x + 0 = 145 29x = 145 x=5 3(5) − 15 = y 15 − 15 = y 0=y 177 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Divide both sides by 29. Simplify. Subtract y from both sides.8). Additive identity. Subtract 24 from both sides.

Additive identity. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify. 178 Team-LRN .−1). Simplify terms. Multiply equation by 3. Add 7y to both sides. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation.501 Algebra Questions 283. Transform the ﬁrst equation into + 6x = 0) − 18x = 0 6y + 3x = 30 0 − 15x = 30 x = −2 −6y −3(2y 2y + 6(−2) = 0 2y − 12 = 0 2y − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 2y = 12 y=6 familiar form (ax + by = c). Divide both sides by 13. Subtract x from both sides. Add 12 to both sides. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). 3x = 5 − 7y 3x + 7y = 5 − 7y + 7y 3x + 7y = 5 2y = x − 6 + 2y = x − x − 6 −x + 2y = −6 3(−x + 2y = −6) 3(−x) + 3 (2y) = 3(−6) −3x + 6y = −18 3x + 7y = 5 −x 0 + 13y = −13 y = −1 3x = 5 − 7(−1) 3x = 5 + 7 3x = 12 x=4 Divide both sides by 3. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x.6). 284. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add it to the ﬁrst equation to eliminate y. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Simplify. Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by −15. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Additive identity. Simplify.

The solution for the system of equations is (−3. Subtract 24 from both sides. Transform the ﬁrst equation by multiplying 3( 3 + 10 = y) 3( 3 ) + 3(10) = 3( y) x + 30 = 3y x + 30 − 30 = 3y − 30 x = 3y − 30 x − 3y = 3y − 3y − 30 x − 3y = −30 3(3x + y = 20) 3(3x) + 3( y) = 3(20) 9x + 3y = 60 x − 3y = −30 10x + 0 = 30 x=3 + 10 = y 1 + 10 = y 11 = y (3) 3 x x by 3. Simplify terms. Simplify. Use the distributive property. Additive identity. Multiply the equation by 3. Use the distributive property. the second by multiplying by −2. Simplify terms. Simplify. Subtract 3y from both sides. Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 10. Simplify terms. Simplify. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation to the second equation. Simplify terms. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Use the distributive property.501 Algebra Questions 285. Simplify terms. and eliminate the x variable by adding the equations together. Divide both sides by 13. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Divide both sides by 3. 3(2x + 7y = 36) 3(2x) + 3 (7y) = 3(36) 6x + 21y = 108 −2(3x + 4y = 15) −2(3x) − 2(4y) = −2(15) −6x − 8y = −30 6x + 21y = 108 0 + 13y = 78 y=6 3x + 4(6) = 15 3x + 24 = 15 3x + 24 − 24 = 15 − 24 3x = −9 x = −3 179 Team-LRN . Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c).6). 286. Simplify terms. Second equation. Add the transformed second equation to the ﬁrst.11). Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 3 and add to the second equation to eliminate y. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Additive identity. Subtract 30 from each side.

3). Transform the second equation by multiplying it by 3. Simplify terms. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. 2(2y) − 2 (x) = 16 4y − 2x = 16 −2x + 4y = 16 2(3x − 5y = −21) 6x − 10y = −42 3(−2x + 4y = 16) −6x + 12y = 48 6x − 10y = −42 2y = 6 y=3 3x − 5(3) = −21 3x − 15 + 15 = −21 + 15 3x = −6 x = −2 288. Simplify. Divide both sides by 3. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Commutative property of addition. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 2 and the second equation by 3. The solution for the system of equations is (12. Simplify terms. Distributive property. 1 3 (2x − 3 y = 21) 3(2x) − 3( 3 y) = 3(21) 6x − y = 63 1 4 x + y = 12 1 6 4 x + 0 = 75 1 6 4 x = 75 64x 64 1 1 1 1 = 75 1 64 x = 12 + y = 12 3 − 3 + y = 12 − 3 y=9 1 4 (12) 180 Team-LRN . Simplify. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 2. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second.9). Divide both sides by 6 4 . Add the ﬁrst equation to the second.501 Algebra Questions 287. Simplify terms and add 15 to each side. Then. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the ﬁrst term and subtract from both sides. Transform the second equation into a similar form to the ﬁrst equation. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Distributive property. Additive identity. add the equations together to eliminate y. Combine like terms on each side. and add the transformed equations to eliminate the variable x.

4 Subtract 3. (3.6 Subtract 1.4 Combine like terms. The solution for the system of equations is (−8.5 − 1. Divide both sides by 19. Combine like terms on each side.5 + y = 3.1). 1. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of x 4x + 5 (3x) = 95 4x + 15x = 95 19x = 95 95 x = 19 = 5 y = 3(5) = 15 is expressed in terms of y. 5x − 5x + y = 3. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is x+y−y=3−y x=3−y 3(3 − y) + 101 = 7y 9 − 3y + 101 = 7y 9 + 101 − 3y = 7y 110 − 3y + 3y = 7y + 3y 110 = 10y 11 = y x + (11) = 3 x + 11 − 11 = 3 − 11 x = −8 expressed in terms of x. Subtract y from both sides of the equation.6 + 16x = 8. Subtract 11 from both sides. Combine like terms. y = 2.6 − 5x Combine like terms on each side.3.6 from both sides. Divide both sides by 10.5 from both sides.2. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x.11). 1. 290.8 Divide both sides by 16. The solution for the system of equations is (5. 5(0. x = 0. Substitute 3 − y for x in the second equation and solve for y.3 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.6 − 5x Substitute the value of y into the second equation.15).6 Combine like terms on each side.3) + y = 3. Substitute 5 for x in one of the equations.5 + y = 3. 291.6 + 16x = 8. Substitute 3x for y in the second equation and then solve for x. 3. Add like terms.6 − 5x) + 21x = 8. 3. Simplify. Add 3y to both sides.6 − 1.501 Algebra Questions 289.4 − 3. The ﬁrst equation tells you that y = 3x. 16x = 4.5 Combine like terms on each side. Use the distributive property of multiplication.6 Simplify terms. Simplify term and add like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. y = 3. 5x + y = 3. 181 Team-LRN .6 − 3.6 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation.1 The solution for the system of equations is (0.

Use the commutative property of addition. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. Multiply the equation by 3. Divide both sides by 18. Combine like terms. Add y to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 2. Combine like terms on each side and simplify. 1 The solution for the system of equations is ( 2 . Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. 293. Combine like terms on each side. 3(( 3 ) = y + 2) 3( 3 ) = 3y + 6 x = 3y + 6 2(3y + 6) − 4y = 32 6y + 12 − 4y = 32 6y − 4y + 12 = 32 2y + 12 − 12 = 32 − 12 2y = 20 y = 10 2x − 4(10) = 32 2x − 40 + 40 = 32 + 40 2x = 72 x = 36 y + 4x = 0 y + 4x − 4x = 0 − 4x y = −4x −7x x x Subtract 4x from both sides. Use the distributive property.16). 294. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the 8x − y = 0 8x + y − y = y + 0 8x = y 10x + 8x = 9 18x = 9 1 x= 2 8( 2 ) − y = 0 4−y=0 4−y+y=0+y 4=y 1 value of x is expressed in terms of y. Simplify terms.4). (−4x) − 3x = 28 = 28 x = −4 y + 4(−4) = 0 y − 16 = 0 y = 16 182 Team-LRN . Combine like terms. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (−4. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms and simplify.10). The solution for the system of equations is (36. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is expressed in terms of x. Substitute the value of y into the second equation. Divide both sides by 2. Subtract 12 from both sides. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add 16 to both sides. Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Express y in terms of x in the ﬁrst equation. Simplify. Divide both sides by −7. Simplify and add 40 to both sides.501 Algebra Questions 292. Simplify. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Add y to both sides of the equation.

Combine like terms on each side. Add y to both sides of the equation. Simplify terms.10). Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. Add 5y to both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Transform the second equation so that the value of x is expressed in terms of y. Multiply both sides of the equation by 10. Combine like terms. Transform the ﬁrst equation by eliminating 10( 10 + 5 ) = 10(1) 10( 10 ) + 10( 5 ) = 10 2x + 2y = 10 2x y 2x y Use the distributive property of multiplication. 5(2) + y = 20 Simplify. 10 + y = 20 Subtract 10 from both sides.501 Algebra Questions 295. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. y = 10 The solution for the system of equations is (2. Combine like terms. Simplify. 297. the denominators. Divide both sides by 5 2 . Use the distributive property of multiplication. 296. Combine like terms. Subtract 10 from both sides. Add 2 x to both sides. x−y+y=5+y x=5+y 2(5 + y) + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y + 5y = 2 − 5y + 5y 10 + 8y = 2 10 − 10 + 8y = 2 − 10 8y = −8 y = −1 x − (−1) = 5 x+1=5 x=4 −1). Combine like terms on each side. 183 Team-LRN . Substitute the found value for y into one of the equations and solve for x. Combine like terms on each side. x=2 Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Divide both sides by 8. 1 5 5x − 5x + y = 20 − 5x y = 20 − 5x 3x = 2 (20 − 5x) + 1 3x = 10 − 2 x + 1 3x = 11 − 2 x 3x + 2 x = 11 + 2 x − 2 x 5 2 x = 11 52x 52 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 1 = 11 1 52 Simplify terms. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of y is expressed in terms of x.

Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. 184 y + 10 − 10 = 3x − 10 y = 3x − 10 4(3x − 10) + 31 = 3x 4(3x) − 4 (10) + 31 = 3x 12x − 40 + 31 = 3x 12x − 9 = 3x 12x − 9 + 9 = 3x + 9 Team-LRN . Combine like terms on each side. The solution for the system of equations is (2. 298. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. Use the commutative property of addition. Add y to both sides. Simplify. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Simplify. Substitute the value of x into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for y. Add 9 to both sides of the equation.3). Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 7. Transform the second equation so that the x − 3 + 3 = 2y + 3 x = 2y + 3 (2y + 3) + 5y = 10 2y + 5y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 − 3 = 10 − 3 7y = 7 y=1 x + 5(1) = 10 x + 5 − 5 = 10 − 5 x=5 value of y is expressed in terms of x. Transform the second equation so that the value = 2 x+y=5 2x + 2y 2 10 x+y−y=5−y x=5−y 3(5 − y) + 2y = 12 3(5) − 3y + 2y = 12 15 − y = 12 15 − y + y = 12 + y 15 = 12 + y 15 − 12 = 12 − 12 + y 3=y 3x + 2 (3) = 12 3x + 6 − 6 = 12 − 6 3x = 6 x=2 of x is expressed in terms of y. Now express x in terms of y. Simplify the term and subtract 6 from both sides. Divide both sides by 3. Subtract y from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 12 from both sides. Substitute the found value for y into the ﬁrst equation and solve for x. 299.501 Algebra Questions Divide both sides by 2. Subtract 5 from both sides.1). Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add 3 to both sides. Combine like terms. Subtract 3 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify terms.

2(2 − x) = 3(−4) − 2 Distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side. 12 − (22 − 8y) = 9y − 6 Simplify the second term and the − sign. Combine like terms on each side. 6 − 10 + 8y = 9y + 6 − 6 −4 + 8y = 9y Combine like terms on each side. x=9 Divide both sides by The solution for the system of equations is (9. 12 − 22 + 8y = 9y − 6 −10 + 8y = 9y − 6 Combine like terms. 4− Multiply both sides of the equation by 3 22 − 8y to eliminate the denominator. Subtract 10 from both sides.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side. 3(4 − ( 3 )) = 3(3y − 2) Use the distributive property 22 − 8y of multiplication. 300. 11 − 4y 3 ) = 3y − 2 22 − 8y ( 3 ) = 3y − 2 185 Team-LRN . 4 − 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 − 4 −2x = −18 Simplify. −4 + 8y − 8y = 9y − 8y Subtract 8y from both sides. use the distributive property to simplify the equation. The solution for the system of equations is (1. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. Subtract 3x from both sides. Begin with the second equation and 12x = 3x + 9 12x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 9 9x = 9 x=1 y + 10 = 3(1) y + 10 − 10 = 3 − 10 y = −7 express x in terms of y. −4 = y Combine like terms on each side. −2. 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 Subtract 4 from both sides. Subtract 9 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. 3(4) − 3( 3 ) = 3(3y) − 3(2) Simplify each term. 3x + 9 = 20 − 4y 3x + 9 − 9 = 20 − 9 − 4y 3x = 11 − 4y x= 11 − 4y 3 4 − 2x = 3y − 2 4 − 2( Multiply the numerator by the factor 2. Divide both sides by 9.−4). Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. Add 6 to both sides.−7). Divide both sides by 3. Use the distributive property of multiplication. First.

You will follow all the rules you have learned about operating with variables. or 5x2y − 3x2y = 2x2y. subtracting. but in this chapter. Tips for Working with Exponents Add and subtract like terms: When multiplying variables with exponents. multiplying. and dividing expressions that contain variables with exponents. the variables have exponents. add the exponents and write the base only once: (a4)(a3) = a(4 + 3) = a7 = ax(2 + 1)y(3 + 5) = ax3y8 (x2y3)(axy5) Team-LRN . you will practice adding. 13 3n + 5n = 8n.Working with Exponents In this chapter. if the variables are the same.

you multiply the exponent to form the new term: (b2)3 = b2 · b2 · b2 = b2 + b2 + b2 = b6 (2x2y)2 = 2x2y · 2x2y = 2 · 2 · x2 · x2 · y · y = 22x2+2y1+1 = 4x4y2 Remember order of operations. 2x−1 = 2( x1 ) = n−3 = 1 n3 1 2 x When the result of a division leaves an exponent of zero. the term raised to the power of zero equals 1: z0 = 1 3 r 2 = 3r 0 = 3(1) = 3 When a variable with an exponent is raised to a power. you subtract the exponents: n5 n2 = n·n·n·n·n n·n = n5−2 = n3 If the exponent of a similar term in the denominator is larger than the one in the numerator. r2 187 Team-LRN . list terms in order from highest power to lowest power. the exponent will have a negative sign: 2x3 x4 n5 n8 = 2x−1 = n5−8 = n−3 A negative numerator becomes positive when the variable is moved into the denominator. if the variables are the same.501 Algebra Questions When dividing variables with exponents. PEMDAS. Generally.

(ab2)3 + 2b2 − (4a)3b6 324. 314. (3xy5)2 − 11x2y2(4y4)2 315. (5n2)(2n5 − 2n3 + 3n7) 307. 9mn3 + 8mn + 2mn3 304. 316. 3x2 + 9x2 302.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions: 301. 5ab4 − ab4 303. 313. (5a2 · 3ab) + 2a3b 309. 5c2 + 3c − 2c2 + 4 − 7c 305. 9y2 325. (4x2y)3 + 2x2y 322. (2xy · x )2 + (3y)2 188 Team-LRN . − 321. (5a2x3y)3 320. 4x−2(5ax)2 318. 8xy2 2xy (3x)3 x2 • x4 (12s2)(2s4) 3s3 7a2b5 28ab2 2(3x2y)2(xy)3 3(xy)2 2x2y5 x5y3 3x−2 x5 24x3 (2x)2 2x x8 3x5 x4 (3ax)2 a2 x 310. 4xy · 3xy + 7x2y2 308. − + 319. (4a2)3 + (2a3)2 − 11a6 311. 312. 3x2 + 4ax − 8a2 + 7x2 − 2ax + 7a2 306. 7ax (a2x)2 (4b)2x−2 (2ab2x)2 4 (2x2y)4 323. 317.

perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 304. 19x2y2 189 Team-LRN . (4 · 3xxyy) + 7x2y2 When the same variables are multiplied. Combine like terms. 302. Subtract like terms. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Add like terms. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. 306. Regardless of what symbol is used. Use the commutative property of multiplication. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. (12x2y2) + 7x2y2 Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. { }. (10 · n2 + 5) − (10 · n2 + 3) + (15 · n2 + 7) 10n7 − 10n5 + 15n9 Show expression in decreasing exponential order. 301. Use the distributive property. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). add the exponents of the variables.(5 · 2 · n2n3) + (5 · 3 · n2n7) Add the exponents of the variables. 303. ( ). 15n9 + 10n7 − 10n5 307. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property 3x2 + 9x2 = 12x2 5ab4 − ab4 = 4ab4 9mn3 + 2mn3 + 8mn 11mn3 + 8mn 5c2 − 2c2 − 7c + 3c + 4 3c2 − 4c + 4 3x2 + 7x2 + 4ax − 2ax − 8a2 + 7a2 10x2 + 2ax − a2 (5n2)(2n5) − (5n2)(2n3) + (5n2)(3n7) of addition. 305.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. (5 · 2 · n2n5) . Use the commutative property of addition. or [ ]. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.

subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Another way of solving this problem is to multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. Simplify the exponent and coefﬁcients. Combine like terms. 12 · 2s2 · s4 3s3 12 · 2s2 + 4 3s3 8s6 s3 190 Team-LRN . Simplify terms. are multiplied. In the denominator. When the same variables are multiplied. you subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. are being divided. 4(1)3a(2)3 + 2(1)2a(3)2 − 11a6 43a6 + 22a6 − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 311. Simplify. Commutative property of multiplication. 15a3b + 2a3b Combine like terms. Divide numerical terms. When similar factors. 17a3b 309.501 Algebra Questions 308. or bases. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Use the commutative property of multiplication. 27x3−6 = 27x−3 27x−3 = 27x 3 When similar factors. (5 · 3a2ab) + 2a3b When the same variables are multiplied. Simplify the expressions in the exponents. When similar factors. add the exponents of the variables. multiply the exponents of each 33x3 x2 • x4 33x3 27x3 2+4 = x6 x In the numerator. are being divided. add the exponents of the variables. or bases. 312. add the exponents of similar bases. 310. or bases. factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. add the exponents of the variables. Terms within parentheses are the base of 8xy2 2xy = 4xy2 xy 4xy2 xy = 4x1−1y2−1 4x0y1 = 4(1)y = 4y (4a2)(4a2)(4a2) + (2a3)(2a3) − 11a6 (4 · 4 · 4)(a2 · a2 · a2) + (2 · 2)(a3 · a3) − 11a6 64(a2+2+2) + 4(a3+3) − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 the exponent outside the parentheses.

316. 6x7−2y5−2 6x5y3 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Simplify exponents. or bases. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. 313. or bases. are multiplied. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 32x2y10 − 11x2y242y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 42x2y2y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 16 · x2y10 9x2y10 − 176x2y10 −167x2y10 2(32x4y2)(x3y3) 3(x2y2) 2 · 9 · x4x3y2y3 3x2y2 2 · 9 · x4+3y2+3 3x2y2 6x7y5 x2y2 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. When similar factors. When similar factors. Combine like terms. Separate the coefﬁcient from the variable. Use the commutative property of multiplication. are being divided. 315. add the exponents of the variables. or bases. 314. or bases. add the exponents of the variables. or bases. When similar factors. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Factor out like numerical terms in the fraction. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside = 1a2b5 4ab2 1a2b5 1a2−1b5−2 = 4 4ab2 1b3 1a 4 a1b3 1 3 4 = 4 ab the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. 317. When similar factors. 4x−2(52a2x2) 4 · 52 · a2x2x−2 191 Team-LRN . or bases. are being divided. Simplify the operations in the exponents. When similar factors. are being divided. and simplify exponents with operations. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 2x2y5 x5y3 = 2x2−5y5−3 2x2−5y5−3 = 2x−3y2 2x−3y2 = 2y2 x3 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Either expression is an acceptable answer. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Evaluate numerical factors. are multiplied. are being divided. Divide out the common factor of 7 in the 8s6−3 = 8s3 1 · 7a2b5 4 · 7ab2 numerator and denominator.501 Algebra Questions When similar factors.

Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7a1−4x1−2 Team-LRN . A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. are being divided. Simplify the operations in the exponents. When similar factors. theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients and divide out common numerical factors in the terms. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. When similar factors. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside 53a6x9y3 125a6x9y3 the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. When similar factors. Subtract like terms. Add like terms. or bases. or bases.501 Algebra Questions Evaluate numerical terms. are being multiplied. Simplify the operations in the exponents. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Simplify the operations in the exponents. 318. Combine like terms. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Any base to the power of 0 = 1. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcient. 320. are being divided. 100a2x2x−2 100a2x2−2 100a2x0 100a2(1) 100a2 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the exponents of each factor 24x3 22x2 6x3 x2 + 3x5 x4 − 32a2x2 a2x + 3x5 x4 − 9a2x2 a2x 6x3−2 + 3x5−4 − 9a2−2x2−1 6x1 + 3x1 − 9a0x1 6x + 3x − 9(1)x 6x + 3x − 9x = 0x = 0 inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. or bases. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. add the exponents. Any term to the power of zero equals 1. or bases. or bases. When similar factors. are being divided. 321. 319. are being divided. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 3x−2−5 − 2x1−8 3x−7 − 2x−7 x−7 x−7 = 1 x7 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. When similar factors. 192 43x6y3 + 24x8y4 2x2y 43x6y3 + 24−1x8−2y4−1 43x6y3 + 23x6y3 64x6y3 + 8x6y3 72x6y3 7ax a4x2 322. Identity element of multiplication.

325. by the exponent outside the parentheses. 7a−3x−1 = 323. Simplify the operations in the exponents. are being divided. Multiply the fraction in the ﬁrst term by the factor in the ﬁrst term. or bases. The last term is equivalent to 1. Divide out the common factor of x2 in the numerator and denominator. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. Evaluate numerical factors. (2xy)2 · ( x )2 + Repeat the previous step. 7a−3x−1 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. a3b6 + 2b2 − 43a3b6 a3b6 + 2b2 − 64a3b6 2b2 − 64a3b6 + a3b6 2b2 − 63a3b6 42b2x−2 22a2b4x2 16b2x−2 4a2b4x2 4b2x−2 a2b4x2 4b2−4x−2−2 a2 4b−2x−4 a2 4 a2b2x4 4 324.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the operations in the exponents. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Evaluate numerical factors. Use the commutative property of addition. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. 9y2 32y2 9y2 42 (22x2y2)( x2 ) + 32y2 16 9y2 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 9y2 16 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 1 (4x2y2)16 )+1 x2 4 · 16x2y2 ( x2 ) + 1 64x2y2 +1 x2 ( 64y2 + 1 193 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property of multiplication. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. When similar factors. Simplify the numerical factors in the numerator and the denominator. Combine like terms in the expression. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7 a3x1 = 7 a3x theses by the exponent outside the parentheses.

you will practice solving problems multiplying a monomial (one term) and a polynomial. and multiplying a trinomial and a binomial. 14 a(b + c + d + e) = ab + ac + ad + ae Tips for Multiplying Polynomials When multiplying a polynomial by a monomial. you use the distributive property of multiplication to multiply each term in the polynomial by the monomial. Team-LRN .Multiplying Polynomials This chapter will present problems for you to solve in the multiplication of polynomials. multiplying binomials (expressions with two terms). Speciﬁcally.

O is for outer. Multiply each term in the trinomial by the ﬁrst and then the second term in the binomial. Then add the results. (a + [b])([c] + d) gives the term bc. L is for last. (x + 2)(x − 3y) 335. 4bc(3b2c + 7b − 9c + 2bc2 − 8) 329. (7x + 2y)(2x − 4y) 336. (x − 4)(x − 9) 333. Multiply the ﬁrst terms of each binomial. Multiply the inner terms of each binomial. 3mn(−4m + 6n + 7mn2 − 3m2n) 330. (2x + 1)(3x − 7) 334. 2a(5a2 − 7a + 9) 328. (4 + x2)(9 − 4x) x 3 6x − 1 x2 ) 195 Team-LRN . (x + 3)(x + 5) 332. ([a] + b)(c + [d]) gives the term ad. ([a] + b)([c] + d) gives the term ac. (a + [b])(c + [d]) gives the term bd. Multiply the outer terms of each binomial. x(3x + 4y − 8) 327. you use the mnemonic FOIL to remind you of the order with which you multiply terms in the binomials. (28x + 7)( 7 − 11) 338. 4x(9x3 + x2 − x4 + 331. Then you combine the terms. (a + b)(c + d) F is for ﬁrst. (5x + 7)(5x − 7) 337. Multiply the last terms of each binomial. You proceed similarly to the way you would when using the distributive property of multiplication. (3x2 + y2)(x2 − 2y2) 339. I is for inner. 326. (a + b)(c + d + e) = (ac + ad + ae) + (bc + bd + be) Multiply the following polynomials.501 Algebra Questions When multiplying a binomial by a binomial. ac + ad + bc + bd Multiplying a trinomial by a binomial is relatively easy.

501 Algebra Questions 340. (3x + 2)(2x2 − 2x − 5) 346. (x + 2)(2x + 1)(x − 1) 347. (3x2 + 4)(x − 3)(3x2 − 4) 196 Team-LRN . (5r − 7)(3r4 + 2r2 + 6) 350. (3a − 4)(5a + 2)(a + 3) 348. (2x2 + y2)(x2 − y2) 341. (3y − 7)(6y2 − 3y + 7) 345. (2n − 3)(2n + 3)(n + 4) 349. (4a + b)(5a2 + 2ab − b2) 344. (x + 2)(3x2 − 4x + 1) 342. (2x − 3)(x3 + 3x2 − 4x) 343.

{ }.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Simplify terms. 328. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. x(3x) + x(4y) − x(8) 3x2 + 4xy − 8x 2a(5a2) − 2a(7a) + 2a(9) 10a3 − 14a2 + 18a Simplify terms. Regardless of what symbol is used. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4bc. 326. Multiply each term in the trinomial by x. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 3mn. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. or [ ]. 327. ( ). 4bc(3b2c) + 4bc(7b) − 4bc(9c) + 4bc(2bc2) − 4bc(8) 12b3c2 + 28b2c − 36bc2 + 8b2c3 − 32bc 329. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Multiply each term in the trinomial by 2a. 3mn(−4m) + 3mn(6n) + 3mn(7mn2) − 3mn(3m2n) −12m2n + 18mn2 + 21m2n3 − 9m3n2 197 Team-LRN .

Combine like terms. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 330. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 − 4x−1 Use the associative property of addition. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 332. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24x0 A variable to the power of zero 8 equals 1. −4x5 + 36x4 + 8 x + 24 ([x] + 3)([x] + 5) x2 ([x] + 3)(x + [ 5 ]) +5x (x + [3])([x] + 5) +3x (x + [3])(x + [5]) +15 2 + 5x + 3x + 15 x x2 + 8x + 15 ([x] − 4)([x] − 9) x2 ([x] − 4)(x − [9]) −9x (x − [4])([x] − 9) −4x (x − [4])(x − [9]) +36 x2 − 9x − 4x + 36 x2 − 13x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 Use the distributive property in 12x 24x2 − 4x the numerator of the 4th term. Add the products of FOIL together. 198 Team-LRN . or bases. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 When similar factors. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. are being divided. 36x4 + 8x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the 8 inverse sign for the exponent. 331. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4x. 4x(9x3) + 4x( x2 ) − 4x(x4) + 4x( 12x 4x(6x − 1) 3 6x − 1 ) x2 Simplify terms. 36x4 + 12x1−2 − 4x5 + 24x2−2 − 4x1−2 Simplify operations in the exponents. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24(1) Simplify and put in order.

Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 336. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 199 Team-LRN . Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. ([2x] + 1)([3x] − 7) 6x2 ([2x] + 1)(3x − [7]) −14x (2x + [1])([3x] − 7) +3x (2x + [1])(3x − [7]) −7 6x2 − 14x + 3x − 7 6x2 − 11x − 7 ([x] + 2)([x] − 3y) x2 ([x] + 2)(x − [3y]) −3xy (x + [2])([x] − 3y) +2x (x + [2])(x − [3y]) −6y 2 − 3xy + 2x − 6y x ([7x] + 2y)([2x] − 4y) 14x2 ([7x] + 2y)(2x − [4y]) −28xy (7x + [2y])([2x] − 4y) +4xy (7x + [2y])(2x − [4y]) −8y2 2 − 28xy + 4xy − 8y2 14x 14x2 − 24xy − 8y2 ([5x] + 7)([5x] − 7) 25x2 ([5x] + 7)(5x − [7]) −35x (5x + [7])([5x] − 7) +35x (5x + [7] (5x − [7]) −49 25x2 − 35x + 35x − 49 25x2 − 49 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 333. 335. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 334. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials.

Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 200 ([2x2] + y2)([x2] − y2) 2x4 ([2x2] + y2)(x2 − [y2]) −2x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − y2) (2x +x2y2 (2x2 + [y2])(x2 − [y2]) −y4 4 − 2x2y2 + x2y2 − y4 2x 2x4 − x2y2 − y4 Team-LRN . 338. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. 340. ([28x] + 7)([ 7 ] − 11) 4x2 x ([28x] + 7)( 7 − [11]) −308x x (28x + [7])([ 7 ] − 11) +x x (28x + [7])( 7 − [11]) −77 2 − 308x + x − 77 4x 4x2 − 307x − 77 ([3x2] + y2)([x2] − 2y2) 3x4 ([3x2] + y2)(x2 − [2y2]) −6x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − 2y2 (3x +x2y2 (3x2 + [y2])(x2 − [2y2]) −2y4 4 − 6x2y2 + x2y2 − 2y4 3x 3x4 − 5x2y2 − 2y4 ([4] + x2)([9] − 4x) +36 2)(9 − [4x]) ([4] + x −16x 2])([9] − 4x) (4 + [x +9x2 2])(9 − [4x]) (4 + [x −4x3 36 − 16x + 9x2 − 4x3 −4x3 x Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 337. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. + 9x2 − 16x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Simplify and put them in order from the highest power. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 339. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial.

Use the distributive property of multiplication. [x(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [x(3x2) − x(4x) + x(1)] [3x3 − 4x2 + x] [2(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [2(3x2) − 2(4x) + 2(1)] [6x2 − 8x + 2] Simplify terms. −3. 2. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. 343. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. b. 2x. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms. 3x3 + 2x2 − 7x + 2 342. 3x3 − 4x2 + 6x2 + x − 8x + 2 Combine like terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial.501 Algebra Questions 341. Combine like terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst [2x(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [2x(x3) + 2x(3x2) − 2x(4x)] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] [−3(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [−3(x3) − 3(3x2) − 3(−4x)] [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] + [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x)] 2x4 + 6x3 − 3x3 + 8x2 − 9x2 + 12x 2x4 + 3x3 − 17x2 + 12x term in the binomial. x. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. 4a. [4a(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [4a(5a2) + 4a(2ab) − 4a(b2)] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] [b(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [b(5a2) + b(2ab) − b(b2)] [5a2b + 2ab2 -b3] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] + [5a2b + 2ab2 − b3)] 20a3 + 8a2b + 5a2b − 4ab2 + 2ab2 − b3 20a3 + 13a2b − 2ab2 − b3 201 Team-LRN . Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. [3x3 − 4x2 + x] + [6x2 − 8x + 2] Use the commutative property of addition.

2. 2x2 + 5x + 2 202 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. (x + [2])([2x] + 1) +4x Multiply the last terms in each binomial. ([x] + 2)([2x] + 1) 2x2 Multiply the outer terms in each binomial.. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3x. 2x Combine like terms. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 344. Use the commutative property of addition. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term 346. in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. (x + [2])(2x + [1]) +2 2 + x + 4x + 2 Add the products of FOIL together. Combine like terms. [3y(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [3y(6y2) − 3y(3y) + 3y(7)] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] [−7(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [−7(6y2) − 7(−3y) − 7(7)] [−42y2 + 21y − 49] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] + [−42y2 + 21y − 49] 18y3 − 9y2 − 42y2 + 21y + 21y − 49 18y3 − 51y2 + 42y − 49 [3x(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [3x(2x2) − 3x(2x) − 3x(5)] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] [2(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [2(2x2) − 2(2x) − 2(5)] [4x2 − 4x − 10] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] + [4x2 − 4x − 10] 6x3 + 4x2 − 6x2 − 15x − 4x − 10 6x3 − 2x2 − 19x − 10 345. ([x] + 2)(2x + [1]) +x Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. 3y. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. −7.

Use the distributive property of multiplication. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms (x − 1)(2x2 + 5x + 2) [x(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [x(2x2) + x(5x) + x(2)] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] [−1(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [−2x2 − 5x − 2] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] + [−2x2 − 5x − 2] 2x3 + 5x2 − 2x2 + 2x − 5x − 2 2x3 + 3x2 − 3x − 2 in the expression using FOIL. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 15a Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. 15a2 − 14a − 8 Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. 3. Simplify terms. [45a2 − 42a − 24] 203 Team-LRN . x. Combine like terms. a. [a(15a2) − a(14a) -a(8)] Simplify terms. [3(15a2) − 3(14a) − 3(8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. [a(15a2 − 14a − 8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. −1. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. ([3a] − 4)([5a] + 2) 15a2 ([3a] − 4)(5a + [2]) +6a (3a − [4])([5a] + 2) −20a (3a − [4])(5a + [2]) −8 2 + 6a − 20a − 8 Add the products of FOIL together. 347. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. (a + 3)(15a2 − 14a − 8) Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Use the commutative property of addition.

349. −7.501 Algebra Questions Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 5r. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. 15a3 + 31a2 − 50a − 24 348. [5r (3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [5r (3r4) + 5r (2r2) + 5r (6)] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] [−7(3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [−7(3r4) − 7(2r2) − 7(6)] [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] + [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] 15r5 − 21r4 + 10r3 − 14r2 + 30r − 42 204 Team-LRN . Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] + [45a2 − 42a − 24] Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 15a3 − 14a2 + 45a2 − 8a − 42a − 24 Combine like terms. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to ﬁnd the solution. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ([2n] − 3)([2n] + 3) 4n2 ([2n] − 3)(2n + [3]) +6n (2n − [3])([2n] + 3) −6n (2n − [3])(2n + [3)] −9 2 + 6n − 6n − 9 4n 4n2 − 9 (n + 4)(4n2 − 9) ([n] + 4)([4n2] − 9) 4n3 ([n] + 4)(4n2 − [9]) −9n (n + [4])([4n2] − 9) +16n2 (n + [4])(4n2 − [9]) −36 3 − 9n + 16n2 − 36 4n 4n3 + 16n2 − 9n − 36 ﬁrst term in the binomial. Simplify terms. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Now we again have two binomials. Order terms from the highest to lowest power. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. ([3x2] + 4)([x] − 3) 3x3 2] + 4)(x − [3]) ([3x −9x2 2 + [4])([x] − 3) (3x +4x 2 + [4])(x − [3]) (3x −12 3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) (3x (3x2 − 4)(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) [3x2(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [3x2 (3x3) − 3x2(9x2) + 3x2(4x) − 3x2(12)] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] [9x [−4(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] [9x5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] + [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 12x3 − 9x 36x2 + 36x2 − 16x + 48 5 − 27x4 − 16x + 48 9x 205 Team-LRN . 3x2. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Simplify terms. 3. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 350.

Put that factor outside a set of parentheses and the polynomial inside with the factor removed from each term.Factoring Polynomials This chapter will present algebraic expressions for you to factor. 15 Tips for Factoring Polynomials Factoring using the greatest common factor: Look for a factor common to every term in the polynomial. Complete explanations of the solutions will follow. In the second. Factoring using the trinomial method: This method requires you to factor the ﬁrst and third terms and put the factors into the following Team-LRN . called the trinomial factor method. e.g. will allow you to factor algebraic expressions that have three terms. You can use three different techniques to factor polynomials. 2x2 + 8 = 2(x2 + 4) Factoring using the difference of two perfect squares: Polynomials in the form x2 − y2 can be factored into two terms: (x + y)(x − y). The trinomial expressions in this chapter will be in the form of x2 ± ax ± b. you will factor polynomials that are the difference of two perfect squares. In the ﬁrst technique. The problems will be presented in random order to give you practice at recognizing which method or combination of methods will be required to factor the polynomial. where a and b are whole numbers. The third technique. you look for common factors in the terms of the polynomial.

Factor the following polynomials. b2 − 4b − 21 367. 9r2 − 36 359. 7n2 − 21n 356. x2 + x − 6 362. 6a + 15 352. 36y4 − z2 370. e. c2 − 12c + 32 372. x2 + 20x + 99 371. x2 − 20x + 36 207 Team-LRN . x2 + 2x + 1 = (x + 1)(x + 1). b2 − 100 363. m2 − 11m + 18 374. x2 + 5x + 6 361. 351. The factors of the ﬁrst term go in the ﬁrst position in the parentheses and the factors of the third term go in the second position in each factor.g. v4 − 13v2 − 48 375.501 Algebra Questions factored form: ([ ] ± [ ])([ ] ± [ ]). a2 + 11a − 12 368. x2 + 10x + 25 369. x2 + 3x + 2 358. x2 − 3x − 18 365. 4a2 − 25 355. b2 − 9b + 8 366. x2 + 7x + 12 364. 7x4y2 − 35x2y2 + 14x2y4 357. x2 − 16 354. x2 − 2x − 8 360. 3a2x + 9ax 353. h2 − 12h + 11 373.

x2 − 16 = (x + 4)(x − 4) 2 − 4x + 4x − 16 = x2 − 16 Check using FOIL. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 356. 352. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. 353. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. or [ ].501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Factor 3 out of each term and write the expression in factored form. and 25 = 52. Factor 7n2 − 21n = 7n(n − 3) 7x2y2 out of each term in the expression and write it in factored form. 4a2 = (2a)2. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect 3a2x + 9ax = 3ax(a + 3) squares. 7x2y2(x2 − 5 + 2y2) 208 Team-LRN . Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. ( ). The terms have a common factor of 7n. Factor 7n out of each term and write the expression in factored form. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 4a2 − 25 = (2a + 5)(2a − 5) 2 − 10a + 10a − 25 = 4a2 − 25 Check using FOIL. The terms have a common factor of 3. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. { }. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. (2a + 5)(2a − 5) = 4a 355. The terms have a common factor of 3ax. Regardless of what symbol is used. 351. 6a + 15 = 3(2a + 5) Factor 3ax out of each term and write the expression in factored form. The terms have a common factor of 7x2y2. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. (x + 4)(x − 4) = x 354. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.

Since the numerical term of the polynomial is positive. 358. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −2x. which is what you need. since the third term is −8. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. 360. Now consider the second term in the trinomial. 359. 9r2 = (3r)2 and 36 = 62. and the factors of 2 are 1 and 2. Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term. Try using two positive signs and the factors 2 and 3. In order to add up to 5x. the result of multiplying the Inner and Outer terms of the trinomial factors will have to be positive. The factors of x2 are x and x. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) and (2)(4). Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. The factors of x2 are x and x. This expression can be factored using the 9r2 − 36 = (3r + 6)(3r − 6) trinomial method. which add up to 5. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of x2 are x and x. (x + 4)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 4x − 8 = x2 + 2x − 8 Almost correct! Change the position of the factors of the numerical term and check using FOIL. the signs in the factor form for trinomials will be the same because only two like signs multiplied together will result in a positive. (x + 2)(x + 3) = x2 + 2x + 3x + 6 = x2 + 5x + 6 209 Team-LRN . This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (x + 2)(x − 4) = x2 − 4x + 2x − 8 = x2 − 2x − 8 The factors of the trinomial are now correct.501 Algebra Questions 357. Check using FOIL. Place the factors into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. (x + 2)(x + 1) = x2 + x + 2x + 2 = x2 + 3x + 2 The factors are correct. Place the factors (2)(4) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL.

362. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −18. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (b + 10)(b − 10) = b 363. The factors of x2 are x and x. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Place the factors (2)(3) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a −3x. So use (3)(6) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. 364. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). You can use logical guesses to ﬁnd the correct combination of factors and signs. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term that you need with the third term being a −6. This is not just luck.501 Algebra Questions 361. b2 = (b)2 and 100 = 102. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. Since all signs are positive. use positive signs in the factored form for the trinomial. (x + 3) (x − 6) = x2 − 6x + 3x − 18 = x2 − 3x − 18 210 Team-LRN . (x + 3)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 3x − 6 = x2 + x − 6 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +7x. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +1x. The factors (3)(4) would give terms that add up to 7. b2 − 100 = (b + 10)(b − 10) 2 − 10b + 10b − 100 = b2 − 100 Check using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). (x + 3)(x + 4) = x2 + 3x + 4x + 12 = x2 + 7x + 12 The result is correct.

Check the answer using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Use FOIL to check the answer. The factors of b2 are b and b. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −21.501 Algebra Questions 365. How can you get 9 from adding the two of the factors of 8? Right! Use the (1)(8). (a + 12)(a − 1) = a2 − 1a + 12a − 12 = a2 + 11a − 12 211 Team-LRN . use the factors 12 and 1 in the trinomial factors form. You want the result of the O and I products of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −4b. Since the signs in the factors must be one positive and one negative. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) or (2)(4). You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −9b. so let’s try two negative signs. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +11a. (b − 1)(b − 8) = b2 − 8b − 1b + 8 = b2 − 9b + 8 366. So let’s use (3) and (7) in the trinomial factors form because the difference between 3 and 7 is 4. Check using FOIL. The middle term has a negative sign. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (b + 3)(b − 7) = b2 − 7b + 3b − 21 = b2 − 4b − 21 367. The signs within the parentheses of the factorization of the trinomial must be the same to result in a positive numerical term in the trinomial. and the factors of 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). The factors of a2 are a and a. The factors of b2 are b and b. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −12. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method.

To get a positive 99 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. (x + 9)(x + 11) = x2 + 9x + 11x + 99 = x2 + 20x + 99 371. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +10x. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +20x. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both are negative. So let’s use (9)(11) in the trinomial factors form because 9 + 11 = 20. (6y 370. and the factors of 99 are (1)(99) or (3)(33) or (9)(11). (6y2 + z)(6y2 − z) 2 + z)(6y2 − z) = 36y4 − 6y2z + 6y2z − z2 = 36y4 − z2 Check using FOIL. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. and the factors of 25 are (1)(25) or (5)(5).501 Algebra Questions 368. The factors of x2 are x and x. (c − 4)(c − 8) = c2 − 8c − 4c + 32 = c2 − 12c + 32 212 Team-LRN . The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. To get a positive 25 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. The factors of x2 are x and x. and the factors of 32 are (1)(32) or (2)(16) or (4)(8). 36y2 = (6y2)2 and z2 = (z)2. The factors of x2 are x and x. Check using FOIL. The sign of the numerical term is positive. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both be negative. (x + 5)(x + 5) = x2 + 5x + 5x + 25 = x2 + 10x + 25 369. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Check using FOIL. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. So let’s use (5)(5) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. The only factors of 32 that add up to 12 are 4 and 8.

This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of m2 are m and m. Check your answer using FOIL. The second term is the difference of two perfect squares. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −48. Check your answer. (v2 + 3)(v2 − 16) = v4 − 16v2 + 3v2 − 48 = v4 − 13v − 48 You may notice that one of the two factors of the trinomial expression can itself be factored. The sign of the numerical term is positive. The only factors of 18 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 11 are 2 and 9. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to −11m. The only factors of 48 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 13 are 3 and 16. The factors of v4 are (v2)(v2). so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. Use them and two subtraction signs in the trinomial factor terms. Use 3 and 16 and a positive and negative sign in the terms of the trinomial factors.501 Algebra Questions 372. and the factors of 48 are (1)(48) or (2)(24) or (3)(16) or (4)(12) or (6)(8). Factor (v2 − 16) using the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares. The factors of h2 are h and h. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. Check your answer using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (v + 4)(v − 4) = v2 − 4v + 4v − 16 = v2 − 16 This now makes the complete factorization of v4 − 13v2 − 48 = (v2 + 3)(v + 4)(v − 4) 213 Team-LRN . (h − 1)(h − 11) = h2 − 11h − 1h + 11 = h2 − 12h + 11 373. (m − 2)(m − 9) = m2 − 9m − 2m + 18 = m2 − 11m + 18 374. and the factors of 11 are (1)(11). The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. So use negative signs in the trinomial factors. The sign of the numerical term is positive. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6).

and the factors of 36 are (1)(36) or (2)(18) or (4)(9) or (6)(6). The sign of the numerical term is positive. Check your answer using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x.501 Algebra Questions 375. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. Use them and two negative signs in the trinomial factor form. (x − 2)(x − 18) = x2 − 18x − 2x + 36 = x2 − 20x + 36 214 Team-LRN . The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. The only factors of 36 that add up to 20 are 2 and 18.

In some cases you will ﬁnd that you can factor using more than one of the three methods of factoring polynomials on the given expression. all the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms were 1. use the trinomial factor form (ax ± ( ))(bx ± ( )) where a · b = the coefﬁcient of the second-degree term. Always look to factor algebraic expressions using the greatest common factor method ﬁrst. the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms will often be whole numbers greater than 1.16 Using Factoring This chapter will present polynomial expressions for you to factor. Team-LRN . Difference of two perfect squares method. In this chapter. This will complicate the process of factoring by adding more possibilities to check. Then analyze the remaining expression to determine if other factoring methods can be used. When presented with a polynomial with a coefﬁcient greater than 1 for the second-degree term. In the previous chapter. List the factors of the numerical term of the trinomial and consider the choices of factors and signs that will result in the correct trinomial factorization. Trinomial method. 3. 2. Greatest common factor method. The three methods for factoring polynomial expressions are: 1.

6a2x − 39ax − 72x 390. ﬁrst determine the signs that will be used in the two factors. list the possible factors of the second-degree term. 6a2 − 5a − 6 385. Be systematic in your attempts to be sure you try all possible choices. You will become better at factoring as you learn to look for the combinations of factors that will give you the required results for the ﬁrst-degree term. 4a2 − 16a − 9 383. 6x2 + 15x − 36 387. 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b 388. 9x2 + 34x − 8 381. use FOIL to check your guesses for the trinomial factors. 6a2 − 13a − 15 384. 2x2 + 7x + 6 377. Then list the factors of the numerical term. place the factors into the trinomial factor form in all possible ways and use FOIL to check for the correct factorization. 5x2 − 14x − 3 379. 2a6 + a3 − 21 389.501 Algebra Questions After choosing terms to try in the trinomial factors form. 16y2 − 36 386. 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. 8x2 − 6x − 9 216 Team-LRN . Tips for Using Factoring When factoring a trinomial expression. 376. Next. Factor the following expressions. Finally. 3x2 − 3x − 18 382. You will want to do a partial check by ﬁrst completing the O and the I part of FOIL to determine if you have the ﬁrst-degree term right.

5c2 − 4c − 1 392. 12d2 + 7d − 12 396. 4xy3 + 6xy2 − 10xy 397. 4ax2 − 38ax − 66a 398. 2a2 + 17a − 84 400.501 Algebra Questions 391. 4x4 − 37x2 + 9 395. 3c2 + 19c − 40 399. 9x3 − 4x 393. 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 217 Team-LRN . 8r2 + 46r + 63 394.

Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The one that results in a ﬁrst-degree term of 7x is the factorization you want to fully check. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. (2x + (6))(x + (1)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(1) + (6)x = 2x + 6 x= 8x. (2x + (1))(x + (6)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(6) + (1)x = 12x + x= 13x. That way. Regardless of what symbol is used. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Check using FOIL. or [ ]. (2x + (1))(x + (6)) (2x + (6))(x + (1)) (2x + (2))(x + (3)) (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Now just consider the results of the Outer and Inner products of the terms for each guess. 376. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (2x)(2) = 4x and the product of the inner terms (3)(x) = 3x. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). You could make the following guesses for the factors of the original expression. the middle term of the trinomial. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 218 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(2) + (3)x = 4x + 3x = 7x. ( ). { }. You want to get 7x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. (2x + (2))(x + (3)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(3) + (2)x = 6x + 2x = 8x. The numerical term 6 = (1)(6) = (2)(3). When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 4x + 3x = 7x.

so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. Then 9x + 4x = 13x. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. You want to get 13x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions Outer—−(2x)(2) = 4x Inner—−(3)(x) = 3x Last—−(3)(2) = 6 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. Place those terms into the trinomial factor form. The factors of the numerical term 12 = (1)(12) = (2)(6) = (3)(4). the results must add up to be −14x. (5x + 1)(x − 3) = 5x2 − 14x − 3 219 Team-LRN . 2x2 + 4x + 3x + 6 = 2x2 + 7x + 6 (2x + 3)(x + 2) = 2x2 + 7x + 6 377. First—−(5x)(x) = 5x2 Outer—−(5x)(−3) = −15x Inner—−(1)(x) = x Last—−(1)(−3) = −3 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. the middle term of the trinomial. (3x + 4)(x + 3) = 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. First—−(3x)(x) = 3x2 Outer—−(3x)(3) = 9x Inner—−(4)(x) = 4x Last—−(4)(3) = 12 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL 3x2 + 9x + 4x + 12 = 3x2 + 13x + 12 The factors check out. When you multiply the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors. The factors check out. and 1x(+1) = +1x. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(3) = 9x and the product of the inner terms (4)(x) = 4x. 5x2 − 15x + 1x − 3 = 5x2 − 14x − 3 The factors check out. The factors of the numerical term 3 = (1)(3). (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). (3x + 4)(x + 3) Check using FOIL. 5x(−3) = −15x. Multiplying. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 5x2 = (5x)(x). (5x + (1))(x − (3)) Check using FOIL. the signs in the factors must be + and -. Both signs in the trinomial are negative. Adding (−15x) + (+1x) = −14x.

The sign of the numerical term is negative. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). You are looking for a positive x term in the middle of the expression. 381. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. Try different factors of 8. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). Both signs in the trinomial are positive. 220 Team-LRN . (3x + 2)(3x + 1) Check using FOIL. (3x + 2)(3x + 1) = 9x2 + 3x + 6x + 2 = 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. To get 9x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 379. No. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(1) = 3x Inner—−(2)(3x) = 6x Last—−(2)(1) = 1 The factors check out. place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(1) = 3x and the product of the inner terms (2)(3x) = 6x. That tells you that the result of adding the products of the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors must result in a negative sum for the x term. we get 9x2 − 72x + 1x − 8 = 9x2 − 71x − 8. The factors of the numerical term 6 are (1)(6) or (2)(3). That is the only way to get a negative sign by multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. The three terms have a common factor of 3. Changing position of the signs would help but not with these factors because the term would be +71x. You can factor out 3 and represent the trinomial as 3(x2 − x − 6). The sign of the numerical term is negative. and don’t forget to include the factor 3 when you are done. Then 3x + 6x = 9x. (9x + 1)(x − 8) Using FOIL to check. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. 9x There it is! And on only the second try. The factors of the numerical term 2 = (1)(2). Put the + with the 2 and the − with the 3. the middle term of the trinomial. (9x − 2)(x + 4) 2 + 36x − 2x − 8 = 9x2 + 34x − 8 Check using FOIL. The factors of the numerical term 8 = (1)(8) or (2)(4). (x + 2)(x − 3) Check using FOIL. Let’s try putting in factors in the trinomial factor form and see what we get. that doesn’t work. Be persistent and learn from your mistakes. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The sign of the second term is negative.

(x + 2)(x − 3) = x2 − 3x + 2x − 6 = x2 − x − 6 Include the common factor of 3 so that 3(x + 2)(x − 3) = 3 (x2 − x − 6) = 3x2 − 3x − 18. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. First—−(6a)(a) = 6a2 Outer—−(6a)(−3) = −18a Inner—−(5)(a) = 5a Last—−(5)(−3) = −15 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (6a + 5)(a − 3) = 6a2 − 18a + 5a − 15 = 6a2 − 13a − 15. You can multiply 2a and (9) to get 18a leaving the factors 2a and (1) to get a 2a. (2a + 1)(2a − 9) Check using FOIL. 221 Team-LRN . To get a negative sign for the numerical term. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 4a2 = (4a)(a) or 4a2 = (2a)(2a). To get a negative sign for the numerical term. (6a + 5)(a − 3) Check using FOIL. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. The coefﬁcient of the ﬁrst-degree term is 2 less than 18. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or (2a)(3a). We can predict that 13 = 18 − 5. The factors (6a)(3) = 18a. The factors of the numerical term 15 are (1)(15) or (3)(5). But we need the thirteen to be negative so arrange the 6a and the (3) so their product is −18a. First—−(2a)(2a) = 4a2 Outer—−(2a)(−9) = −18a Inner—−(1)(2a) = 2a Last—−(1)(−9) = −9 The result of multiplying the factors is (2a + 1)(2a − 9) = 4a2 − 18a + 2a − 9 = 4a2 − 16a − 9. The factors of the numerical term 9 are (1)(9) or (3)(3).501 Algebra Questions First—−(x)(x) = x2 Outer—−(x)(−3) = −3x Inner—−(2)(x) = 2x Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 The factors check out. Use this information to place factors within the trinomial factor form. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. 383. The factors check out. 382. The remaining factors (a)(5) = 5a.

This will result in (2)(2)(2y + 3)(2y − 3) or 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3). So the term 3(2x2 + 5x − 12) will simplify the trinomial factoring. First—−(3a)(2a) = 6a2 Outer—−(3a)(−3) = −9a Inner—−(2)(a) = 2a Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (3a + 2)(2a − 3) = 6a2 − 9a + 4a − 6 = 6a2 − 5a − 6. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. watch for the greatest common factors ﬁrst. Now include the greatest common factor of 3 for the ﬁnal solution. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 3. Use those factors in the trinomial factor form. 385. The factors of the numerical term 6 are (6)(1) or (2)(3). Try a balanced factor arrangement. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or 6a2 = (2a)(3a). The factors of the numerical term 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. there is a greatest common factor that could be factored out ﬁrst to leave 4(4y2 − 9).501 Algebra Questions 384. Now you need only factor the difference of two simpler perfect squares. Using the form for the difference of two perfect squares gives you the factors (4y + 6)(4y − 6). First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 Outer—−(2x)(4) = 8x Inner—−(−3)(x) = −3x Last—−(−3)(4) = −12 The result of multiplying factors is 2x2 + 8x − 3x − 12 = 2x2 + 5x − 12. When factoring polynomials. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. The factors (2x)(4) = 8x and the remaining factors (x)(3) = 3x. The ﬁrst factorization is equivalent to the second because you can factor out two from each of the factors. The trinomial looks balanced with a 6 on each end and a 5 in the middle. The sign of the numerical term is negative. This expression is the difference between two perfect squares. Didn’t that work out nicely? A sense of balance can be useful. 3(2x − 3)(x + 4) = 6x2 + 15x − 36 222 Team-LRN . 386. (3a + 2)(2a − 3) Check using FOIL. However. It’s clear that 8x − 3x = 5x. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. You need only factor the trinomial within the parentheses. (2x − 3)(x + 4) Check using FOIL. 4(4y2 − 9) = 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3).

3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) (a Check using FOIL. Check using FOIL. The sign of the numerical term is negative. First—−(2c)(c) = 2c2 Outer—−(2c)(7) = 14c Inner—−(−3)(c) = −3c Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2c2 + 14c − 3c − 21 = 2c2 + 11c − 21. The factors (a3)(7) = 7(a3) and the factors (2(a3))(3) = 6(a3). 2b(2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21 = 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b with those exponents? Think of a6 = (a3)2. Each term in the polynomial has a common factor of 2b. Now you factor like it was a trinomial expression. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7).501 Algebra Questions 387. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and − because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the ﬁrst degree term is 1(a3). The factors (2c)(7) = 14c and the associated factors (c)(3) = 3c. but what’s 223 Team-LRN . This expression appears to be in the familiar trinomial form. Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the Outer and Inner (2c − 3)(c + 7) products when using FOIL to multiply are +14c and −3c. First—−(a3)(2a3) = 2a6 Outer—−(a3)(7) = 7a3 Inner—−(−3)(2a3) = −6a3 Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (a3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) = 2a6 + 7a3 − 6a3 − 21 = 2a6 + a3 − 21. 388. The resulting expression looks like this: 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21) The sign of the numerical term is negative. Now include the greatest common factor term. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The second-degree term 2(a3)2 = 2(a3)(a3). The difference of 7 and 6 is 1. The factors of the trinomial are correct. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 2c2 = (2c)(c). Then the expression becomes 2(a3)2 + (a3) − 21.

Now include the greatest common factor if 3x. So use the second-degree term factors (2x)(4x) and the numerical factors (3)(3). and the corresponding 4(3) = 12. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8x2 = (x)(8x) or 8x2 = (2x)(4x). The numerical term of the trinomial 1 has factors of (1)(1). Factor the trinomial expression inside the parentheses. The numerical term of the trinomial 9 has factors of (1)(9) or (3)(3). (2x − 3)(4x + 3) Check using FOIL. The factors of the numerical term 24 are (1)(24) or (2)(12) or (3)(8) or (4)(6). and check the expression using FOIL. The greatest common factor of the terms in the trinomial expression is 3x. so the signs 391. Placing the numbers into the trinomial factor form is easy because there really are 390. Place these numbers in the trinomial factor form. The difference between 12 and 6 is 6. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the term 2a2 = (2a)(a). What combination will result in a −6x when the Outer and Inner products of the multiplication of the trinomial factors are added together? Consider just the coefﬁcients of x and the numerical term factors. 3x(2a + 3)(a − 8) = 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24) = 6a2x − 39ax − 72x within the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign. (2a + 3)(a − 8) First—−(2a)(a) = 2a2 Outer—−(2a)(−8) = −16a Inner—−(3)(a) = 3a Last—−(3)(−8) = −24 The result is (2a + 3)(a − 8) = 2a2 − 16a + 3a − 24 = 2a2 − 13a − 24. The sign of the numerical term is negative. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The only factors of the second-degree term are (c)(5c). The difference of 16 and 3 is 13. First—−(2x)(4x) = 8x2 Outer—−(2x)(3) = 6x Inner—−(−3)(4x) = −12x Last—−(−3)(3) = −9 The product of the factors (2x − 3)(4x + 3) = 8x2 + 6x − 12x − 9 = 8x2 − 6x − 9. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign so the signs within 224 Team-LRN . and the related factors (a)(3) = 3a. Factoring 3x out results in the expression 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24). The factors (2a)(8) = 16a.501 Algebra Questions 389. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. The numbers 2(3) = 6.

Getting closer. The numerical term 63 has the factors (1)(63) or (3)(21) or (7)(9). Nope. The terms in the trinomial expression are all positive. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8r2 = (r)(8r) or (2r)(4r). Include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. 2r(3) + 4r (21) = 87r is still too much. Bingo! (2r + 7)(4r + 9) Check using FOIL. Try 2r (21) and 4r (3) = 54r. The terms of the expression have a greatest common factor of x. 2r (7) + 4r (9) = 50r. x(3x − 2)(3x + 2) = x(9x2 − 4) = 9x3 − 4x 393.501 Algebra Questions no choices. First—−(5c)(c) = 5c2 Outer—−(5c)(−1) = −5c Inner—−(1)(c) = c Last—−(1)(−1) = −1 The product of the factors (5c + 1)(c − 1) = 5c2 − 5c + c − 1 = 5c − 4c − 1. 9x2 = (3x)2 4 = 22 Using the form. 2r (1) + 4r (63) = 254r is too much. The expression inside the parentheses is the difference of two perfect squares. First—−(2r)(4r) = 8r2 Outer—−(2r)(9) = 18r Inner—−(4r)(7) = 28r Last—−(7)(9) = 63 Add the result of the multiplication. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(2) = 6x Inner—−(−2)(3x) = −6x Last—−(−2)(2) = −4 Include the greatest common factor x in the complete factorization. Check using FOIL. You need two sets of factors that when multiplied and added will result in a 46. 392. Check using FOIL to multiply terms. Just place the + and − signs in the right spot and you’ve got a solution. Now try 2r (9) + 4r (7) = 46r. Factoring x out of the expression results in x(9x2 − 4). so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be positive. Factor that expression using the form for the difference of two perfect squares. (5c + 1)(c − 1) Check using FOIL. Let’s look at the possibilities using the 2r and 4r. 8r2 + 18r + 28r + 63 = 8r2 + 46r + 63 The factors check out. the factorization of the difference of two perfect squares is (3x − 2)(3x + 2). (2r + 7)(4r + 9) = 8r2 + 46r + 63 225 Team-LRN .

(4d − 3)(3d + 4) = 12d2 + 16d − 9d − 12 = 12d2 + 7d − 12 This is the correct factorization of the original expression. the expression becomes 2xy(2y2 + 3y − 5). 1 x2 (1) =1 x2 and 36 x2 + 1x2 = 37x2. What combination will result in a total of 37 when the Outer and Inner products are determined? 4x2(9) = 36x2. 396. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) Multiply the factors using FOIL. Now you need to notice that the factors of the original trinomial expression are both factorable. you can see that the expression is a trinomial that is easy to factor. The negative sign in front of the numerical term tells you that the signs of the trinomial factors will be + and −. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1)(x + 3)(x − 3) 395.501 Algebra Questions 394. The numerical term is positive. Let’s guess at some middle of the road factors to plug in. Try changing the signs around. (4d + 3)(3d − 4) Using FOIL you ﬁnd (4d + 3)(3d − 4) = 12d2 − 16d + 9d − 12 = 12d2 − 7d − 12. Each term in the expression has a common factor of 2xy. The numerical term 9 has (1)(9) or (3)(3) as factors. Why? Because they are both the difference of two perfect squares. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) Check using FOIL and you will ﬁnd (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = 4x4 − 36x2 − x2 + 9 = 4x4 − 37x2 + 9. Use the factor form for the difference of two perfect squares for each factor of the trinomial. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) This expression has a nice balance to it with 12 at the extremities and a modest 7 in the middle. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term is negative so you will use two − signs. Use these factors in the trinomial factor form. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. The last sign is negative so the signs within the factor form will be a + and −. Use FOIL to check. so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be the same. (4x2 − 1) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1) (x2 − 9) = (x + 3)(x − 3) Put the factors together to complete the factorization of the original expression. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) 226 Team-LRN . When factored out. (ax − ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 4x4 = (x2)(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). Those are the right terms but the wrong signs. When you think of x4 = (x2)2.

The numerical term 5 has factors (5)(1). (2x + 3)(x − 11) Check using FOIL. and c(5) = 5c. The expression within the parentheses is a trinomial and can be factored. 2xy(2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2xy(2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5) = 2xy(2y2 + 3x − 5) 397. and 22a − 3a = 19a. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the 227 Team-LRN . (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). Since 2a(11) = 22a. Using trial and error. (2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33 = 2x2 − 19x − 33 The factorization of the trinomial factor is correct. the resulting expression is 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33). Use those factors in the factor form in such a way that you get the result you seek. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. (2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5 = 2y2 + 3x − 5 The factors of the trinomial expression are correct. When factored out. (2y + 5)( y − 1) Multiply using FOIL. Only a (+)(-) = (-).501 Algebra Questions The factors of the second-degree term are 2y2 = y(2y). (3c − 5)(c + 8) = 3c2 + 24c − 5c − 40 = 3c2 + 19c − 40 The complete factorization of the original expression is (3c − 5)(c + 8). you can determine that 3c(8) = 24c. 2a(2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2a(2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33) = 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33) numerical term has a negative sign. The numerical term 40 has (1)(40) or (2)(20) or (4)(10) or (5)(8) as factors. Place the factors of the second degree and the numerical terms so that the result of the Outer and Inner multiplication of terms within the factor form of a trinomial expression results in a +3x. Now include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. and a(3) = 3a. use those factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the multiplication of the Outer and Inner terms results in −19x. and 24c − 5c = 19c. 398. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3c2 = c(3c). The numerical term 33 has (1)(33) or (3)(11) as factors. Now include the greatest common factor of the original expression to get the complete factorization of the original expression. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +19c when the like terms are combined. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 2a.

and a(7) = 7a. The factors (4x2)(3) = 12x2 and x2(10) = 10x2 will give you 12x2 − 10x2 = 2x2 when you perform the Inner and Outer multiplications and combine like terms using FOIL with the terms in the trinomial factor form. you wouldn’t have done a complete factorization of the original trinomial expression. 228 Team-LRN . and 24a − 7a = 17a. you would have had to factor the trinomial expression 2x4 + x2 − 15 and multiply the result by the factor 2 to equal the original expression. The numerical term 84 has (1)(84) or (2)(42) or (3)(28) or (4)(21) or (6)(14) or (7)(12) as factors. Use x2 where you usually put a ﬁrst-degree variable. 2a(12) = 24a. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. you can see that the expression is in the trinomial form. If you think of the variable as x2. Did you notice that you could have used the greatest common factor method to factor out a 2 from each term in the original polynomial? If you did. However. Check using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The term (4x2)2 can be factored as (4x2)2 = x2(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). The trinomial you will be factoring looks like this: 4(x2)2 + 2(x2) − 30. So a complete factorization would be 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3). The factors of the expression will be (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3.501 Algebra Questions 399. the ﬁrst factor has a greatest common factor of 2. (2a − 7)(a + 12) = 2a2 + 24a − 7a − 84 = 2a2 + 17a − 84 The complete factorization of the original expression is (2a − 7)(a + 12). The numerical term 30 can be factored as (1)(30) or (2)(15) or (3)(10) or (5)(6). Place them in position so you get the result that you want. 400. Use the factors 2a and a as the ﬁrst terms in the factor form and use (12) and (7) as the numerical terms. but if you left the factor of 2 in the term (4x2 − 10). This expression is in trinomial form. Let’s see: 2(2x4 + x2 − 15) = 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3) = (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 It all comes out the same. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +17a when the like terms are combined. (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 12x2 − 10x2 − 30 = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 The expression (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) is the correct factorization of the original expression.

you practiced factoring polynomials by using the greatest common factor method. Quadratic equations are those equations that can be written in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. let each factor equal zero and solve for the variable. Then.Solving Quadratic Equations This chapter will give you practice in ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. While there are several methods for solving quadratic equations. the difference of two perfect squares method. There will be two solutions for each quadratic equation. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0).) 17 Team-LRN . Use these methods to factor the equations that have been transformed into quadratic equations. where a ≠ 0. In the previous chapter. (Ignore numerical factors such as the 3 in the factored equation 3(x + 1)(x + 1) = 0 when ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. solutions for all the equations presented here can be found by factoring. and the trinomial factor method. The solutions will be the same for equations with or without the numerical factors. using the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0.

8y2 + 56y + 96 = 0 414. 24x2 = 3(43x − 15) 230 Team-LRN . 7a2 − 21a − 70 = 0 413. 401. 6b2 + 20b = −9b − 20 421. 12r2 = 192 − 40r 425. 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 410. 2n2 + 20n + 42 = 0 409. 2x2 + x = 10 415. 9x2 + 12x = −4 417. 100r2 = 196 411. 36z2 + 78z = −36 424. 8b2 + 10b = 42 419. b2 + b − 90 = 0 406. 3x2 = 19x − 20 418. n2 − 121 = 0 403. 7x2 = 52x − 21 423. 14n2 = 7n + 21 420. y2 − 15y + 56 = 0 405. 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 412.501 Algebra Questions Find the solutions to the following quadratic equations. 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 422. 4x2 = 81 407. 25r2 = 144 408. x2 − 25 = 0 402. 4x2 + 4x = 15 416. a2 + 12a + 32 = 0 404.

{ }. Add 5 to both sides of the equation. Regardless of what symbol is used. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). ( ). the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal zero. Combine like terms on each side. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Subtract 11 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. The solutions are underlined. Combine like terms on each side. 402.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Let the second factor equal zero. (n + 11)(n − 11) = 0 (n + 11) = 0 n + 11 − 11 = 0 − 11 n = −11 n − 11 = 0 n − 11 + 11 = 0 + 11 n = 11 231 Team-LRN . or [ ]. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The solutions for the equation are x = 5 and x = −5. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The expression is the difference of two perfect (x + 5)(x − 5) = 0 (x + 5) = 0 x+5−5=0−5 x = −5 x−5=0 x−5+5=0+5 x=5 squares. The solutions for the equation are n = 11 and n = −11. Let the second factor = 0. Add 11 to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 401.

Combine like terms on each side. b=9 The solutions for the quadratic equation b2 + b − 90 = 0 are b = −10 and b = 9. Divide both sides by 2. 404. Subtract 81 from both sides. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. y−7+7=0+7 Combine like terms on each side. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. The solutions for the equation y factor form. (a + 4)(a + 8) = 0 factor form. ( y − 8) = 0 Add 8 to both sides. ( y − 8)(y − 7) = 0 Using the zero product property. subtract 4 from both sides. y=7 2 − 15y + 56 = 0 are y = 8 and y = 7. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. b = −10 Let the second factor equal zero. subtract 10 from both sides. (b + 10)(b − 9) = 0 405. y=8 Let the second factor equal zero. 232 4x2 − 81 = 81 − 81 4x2 − 81 = 0 (2x + 9)(2x − 9) = 0 (2x + 9) = 0 2x + 9 − 9 = 0 − 9 2x = −9 −9 2x 2 = 2 Team-LRN . a=−8 2 + 12a + 32 = 0 are a = − 4 The solutions for the quadratic equation a and a = − 8. a+8−8=0−8 Combine like terms on each side. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). y−8+8=0+8 Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. ( y − 7) = 0 Add 7 to both sides. a=−4 Let the second factor equal zero. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. (b − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (a + 4) = 0 a+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. (a + 8) = 0 Subtract 8 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (b + 10) = 0 b + 10 − 10 = 0 − 10 Combine like terms on each side. Using the zero product property. 406.501 Algebra Questions 403. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. b−9+9=0+9 Combine like terms on each side. Using the zero product property.

then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Add 12 to both sides of the equation. Let the second factor = 0. Simplify. x = −4 2 Let the second factor = 0. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Divide both sides by 5. Subtract 144 from both sides. 25r2 − 144 = 144 − 144 25r2 − 144 = 0 (5r + 12)(5r − 12) = 0. Combine like terms on each side. (5r + 12) = 0 5r + 12 − 12 = 0 − 12 5r = −12 5r 5 = −12 5 r= 5 (5r − 12) = 0 5r − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 5r = 12 5r 5 −2 2 = r= 12 5 2 25 2 The solution for the quadratic equation 25r2 = 144 is r = ± 2 5 . Combine like terms on each side. x = 42 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x2 = 81 are x = −4 2 and x = 4 2 . (2n + 6)(n + 7) = 0 (2n + 6) = 0 2n + 6 − 6 = 0 − 6 2n = −6 2n −6 Divide both sides by 2. 2 = 2 Simplify terms. 2x − 9 + 9 = 0 + 9 Combine like terms on both sides. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. (n + 7) = 0 Subtract 7 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Simplify. 407. Combine like terms on each side. subtract 6 from both sides. Transform the equation so that all terms are 1 1 on one side and are equal to zero. Divide both sides by 5. (2x − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions Simplify. n = −3 Let the second factor equal zero. n+7−7=0−7 Combine like terms on each side. 233 Team-LRN . 408. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. 2x = 9 1 Divide both sides by 2. n = −7 2 + 20n + 42 = 0 are n = −3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2n and n = −7. Using the zero product property.

the solution for the quadratic equation 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 is x = 6. Using the zero product property. 100r2 − 196 = 196 − 196 100r2 − 196 = 0 (10r + 14)(10r − 14) = 0. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Use the greatest common factor method. 410. Divide both sides by 10. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. 3(x − 6)(x − 6) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation. Using the zero product property. r= 2 = 196 is r = ±1 2 . c = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 are c = 13 and c = −2. Combine like terms on each side. (10r + 14) = 0 10r + 14 − 14 = 0 − 14 10r = −14 10r 10 r= (10r − 14) = 0 10r − 14 + 14 = 0 + 14 10r = 14 10r 10 14 10 2 15 10 −1 2 5 = −14 = −7 5 = = 7 5 Simplify terms. 3(c2 − 11c − 26) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Divide both sides by 10. (c + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. 3(x2 − 12x + 36) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Let the second factor = 0. x=6 Since both factors of the trinomial expression are the same. c+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. 234 Team-LRN . add 6 to both sides. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Use the greatest common factor method. Add 14 to both sides of the equation. The solution for the quadratic equation 100r 5 411. Subtract 196 from both sides. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. add 13 to both sides.501 Algebra Questions 409. (c − 13) = 0 c − 13 + 13 = 0 + 13 Combine like terms on each side. Simplify terms. c = 13 Let the second factor equal zero. Combine like terms on each side. 3(c − 13)(c + 2) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. (x − 6) = 0 x−6+6=0+6 Combine like terms on each side. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0.

x= 2 Let the second term equal 0. y+3−3=0−3 Simplify. Divide both sides by 2. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 412. subtract 4 from both sides. Use the greatest common factor method. Ignore the factor 8 in the expression. Combine like terms on each side. 7(a2 − 3a − 10) = 0 7(a − 5)(a + 2) = 0 (a − 5) = 0 a−5+5=0+5 Combine like terms on each side. y = −4 Let the second factor equal zero. −2 1 235 Team-LRN . 2x2 + x − 10 = 10 − 10 2x2 + x − 10 = 0 (2x + 5)(x − 2) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 Simplify terms. x−2+2=0+2 Simplify. Using the zero product property. (a + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. subtract 5 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Use the greatest common factor method. add 5 to both sides. 414. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. ( y + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. a = −2 2 − 21a − 70 = 0 are a = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7a and a = 5. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. x=2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2x2 + x = 10 are x = −2 2 and x = 2. a+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. x−2=0 Add 2 to both sides. equation form. 413. y = −3 2 + 56y + 96 = 0 are y = −4 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8y and y = −3. 8( y2 + 7y + 12) = 0 8( y + 4)( y + 3) = 0 ( y + 4) = 0 y+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. a=5 Let the second factor equal zero. Using the zero product property. Using the zero product property. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form.

Add 3 to both sides. Divide both sides by 2. x= 2 + 4x = 15 are x = −2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x 2 and x = 1 2 . Using the zero product property. 9x2 + 12x + 4 = −4 + 4 9x2 + 12x + 4 = 0 (3x + 2)(3x + 2) = 0 (3x + 2) = 0 3x + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3x = −2 3x 3 = −2 Simplify terms. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. subtract 5 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 2. the solution to the quadratic equation 9x2 + 12x = −4 is x = −2 3. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 415. x= 3 Since both factors of the trinomial are the same. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Simplify terms. −2 3 236 Team-LRN . Using the zero product property. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Divide both sides by 3. subtract 2 from both sides. Simplify. Add 4 to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. Let the second factor equal 0. Simplify. 416. Transform the equation into the familiar 1 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 15 − 15 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 0 (2x − 3)(2x + 5) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 x= 2 (2x − 3) = 0 2x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2x = 3 2x 2 −2 1 = Simplify terms.

Add 20 to both sides. Divide both sides by 4. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Simplify. b = −3 2 + 10b = 42 are b = 1 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8b 4 and b = −3. b= Now let the second term equal zero. x−5+5=0+5 Simplify. Combine like terms on each side. Use the greatest common factor method to factor out 2. 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 42 − 42 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 0 2(4b2 + 5b − 21) = 0 2(4b − 7)(b + 3) = 0 (4b − 7) = 0 4b − 7 + 7 = 0 + 7 4b = 7 4b 4 = Simplify terms. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. x= Now let the second term equal zero. add 7 to both sides. 7 4 3 14 237 Team-LRN . Simplify. 3x2 − 19x = 19x − 19x − 20 3x2 − 19x = −20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = −20 + 20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = 0 (3x − 4)(x − 5) = 0 (3x − 4) = 0 3x − 4 + 4 = 0 + 4 3x = 4 3x 3 = Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Divide both sides by 3. Ignore the factor 2 in the expression. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Simplify. b+3−3=0−3 Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 417. Transform the equation into the familiar 4 3 1 13 trinomial equation form. Using the zero product property. x=5 2 = 19x − 20 are x = 1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3x 3 and x = 5. Using the zero product property. add 4 to both sides. Subtract 42 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 19x from both sides. 418. (b + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides.

n= Now set the second equal to zero. 14n2 − 7n = 7n − 7n + 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 21 − 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 0 7(2n2 − n − 3) = 0 7(2n − 3)(n + 1) = 0 (2n − 3) = 0 2n − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2n = 3 2n 2 = Simplify terms. Add 9b to both sides of the equation. n+1=0 Subtract 1 from both sides. Simplify. Subtract 7n from both sides of the equation. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. 6b2 + 20b + 9b = −9b + 9b − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 20 − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 0 (6b + 5)(b + 4) = 0 (6b + 5) = 0 6b + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 6b = −5 6b 6 = −5 Simplify terms. b = −4 2 + 20b = −9b − 20 are The solutions for the quadratic equation 6b b= −5 −5 6 6 and b = −4. Divide both sides by 2. subtract 5 from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. b= 6 Now set the second factor equal to zero. Simplify and subtract 21 from both sides. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. 238 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 6. Simplify and add 20 to both sides of the equation. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. b+4−4=0−4 Simplify. Simplify the equation. n+1−1=0−1 Simplify. 420. Simplify. Simplify. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. add 3 to both sides.501 Algebra Questions 419. Transform the equation into the familiar 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. b+4=0 Subtract 4 from both sides. Using the zero product property. n = −1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 14n2 = 7n + 21 are n = 1 2 and n = −1. Using the zero product property.

Subtract 52x from both sides of the equation. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Using the zero product property. x−7+7=0+7 Simplify. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Divide both sides by 7. x=7 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7x2 = 52x − 21 are x = 7 and x = 7. x−7=0 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. Simplify. subtract 4 from both sides. x= 3 Add 6 to both sides.501 Algebra Questions 421. Divide both sides by 3. x=6 The solutions for the quadratic equation 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 are x= −4 3 −4 3 and x = 6. 422. add 3 to both sides. Now factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. x= 7 Now set the second factor equal to zero. x−6+6=0+6 Simplify. Simplify. 239 Team-LRN . Simplify and add 21 to both sides of the equation. 7x2 − 52x = 52x − 52x − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 21 − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 0 (7x − 3)(x − 7) = 0 (7x − 3) = 0 7x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 7x = 3 7x 7 = 3 3 7 Simplify terms. 5(3x2 − 14x − 24) = 0 5(3x + 4)(x − 6) = 0 (3x + 4) = 0 3x + 4 − 4 = 0 − 4 3x = −4 3x 3 = −4 Simplify terms. Simplify. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. Using the zero product property.

3r − 8 = 0 Add 8 to both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. The solutions for the quadratic equation and z = −2 36z2 + 78z + 36 = −36 + 36 36z2 + 78z + 36 = 0 6(6z2 + 13z + 6) = 0 6(2z + 3)(3z + 2) = 0 (2z + 3) = 0 2z + 3 − 3 = 0 − 3 2z = −3 2z 2 = −3 2 z= 2 (3z + 2) = 0 3z + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3z = −2 3z 3 −1 1 = −2 z= 36z2 −2 3 1 3 + 78z = −36 are z = −1 2 3 . (r + 6) = 0 Subtract 6 from both sides. Add 36 to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify terms. 4(3r2 + 10r − 48) = 0 Now factor the trinomial expression. Subtract 2 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression into two factors. Add (40r − 192) to both sides of the equation. 424. r= The solutions for the quadratic equation 12r2 = 192 − 40r are r = −6 and r = 2 3 . r+6−6=0−6 Simplify. Simplify terms. Factor out the greatest common factor from each term. Simplify terms. Ignore the numerical factor and set the ﬁrst factor equal to zero. Now let the second factor equal zero. Divide both sides by 3. 3r 3 = Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 423. 240 2 8 3 2 23 Team-LRN . r = −6 Now set the second factor = 0. Subtract 3 from both sides. 4(r + 6)(3r − 8) = 0 Ignoring the numerical factor. out of each term. Simplify terms. 4. Combine like terms. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. set one factor = 0. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 192 − 40r + 40r − 192 Combine like terms. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 0 Factor the greatest common factor. 3r = 8 Divide both sides by 3. 3r − 8 + 8 = 0 + 8 Simplify.

= 3 8x2 = 43x − 15 24x2 3 3(43x − 15) 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 43x − 15 + 15 − 43x 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 0 8x2 − 43x + 15 = 0 (8x − 3)(x − 5) = 0 8x − 3 = 0 8x 8 = 3 3 8 Simplify terms. x= 8 Now let the second factor = 0. Use the commutative property to move terms.501 Algebra Questions 425. Combine like terms. Factor the trinomial expression. x=5 The solutions for the quadratic equation 24x2 = 3 (43x − 15) are x= 3 8 and x = 5. Using the zero product property. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. add 3 to both sides and divide by 8. Simplify terms. Add (15 − 43x) to both sides of the equation. 241 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 3.

You will not always be able to factor polynomials by factoring whole numbers and whole number coefﬁcients.Simplifying Radicals This chapter will give you practice in operating with radicals. you to ﬁnd the negative root. The symbol ± 18 Tips for Simplifying Radicals Simplify radicals by completely factoring the radicand and taking out the square root. In the last chapters. The most thorough method for factoring is to do a prime factorization of the radicand. you will need to know how to operate with radicals. The number The radical sign under the radical sign is called the radicand. Team-LRN . a number has two roots. Nor do all trinomials with whole numbers have whole numbers for solutions. one positive and one negative. Generally. The symbol − tells asks for both roots. Then you look for square roots that can be factored out of the radicand. It is understood in mathematics that or + is telling you to ﬁnd the positive root. tells you to ﬁnd the root of a number.

501 Algebra Questions e. It is improper form for the radicand to be a fraction. 426. radicals can be added and subtracted as if the radicals were variables. then multiply the radicands and put that result under the radical sign. or 28 = 4x3 = 2·2·7= 2·2· 7=2 7 x·x· x = 2x x 2·2·x·x·x= 2·2· You may also recognize perfect squares within the radicand. This is known as rationalizing the denominator. If you get rid of the denominator within the radical sign.. 428.. 2x 5 = 2x 5 · 5 5 = 10x 52 = 1 52 · 10x = 1 5 10x When there is a radical in the denominator.g. ﬁrst divide the terms in front of the radicals. e. 6√10 3√2 = 6 3 10 2 =2 5 Simplify the following radical expressions. Then you can simplify their roots out of the radical sign. 3 3 + 2 3 = 5 3 or 5 x − 2 x=3 x Product property of radicals When multiplying radicals. e. 4 3·7 5=4·7 3 · 5 = 28 15 Quotient property of radicals When dividing radicals. e. you can rationalize the expression as follows: 3 √6 = 3 √6 · √6 √6 = 3√6 6 = 1 2 6 If the radicands are the same. 12 300 3n2 24x5 243 Team-LRN . 427.g. and then divide the radicands. e..g. 429.g. multiply the terms in front of the radicals..g. you will no longer have a fractional radicand.

−2√98 √2 √27 √72 −4 3· · 10 3 27 4 3 √15 · √105 −3 449. 441. 3 436. 442. 3 450. 5 64 444. 431. (9 438. 50a2b 5 4 3 √7 √12xy √x 435. 448. 447. 24 · 6 6√126 √18 244 Team-LRN . 433. 432. 3+7 3+2 5 7−3 28 b) a2b)(3a 5 · 3 15 16 9 56 4 · 32 √160 √2 √150 √3 8 443. 446. 445. 440. 434. 2 439.501 Algebra Questions 3x2 4 430. 2 437.

Underlined expressions show simpliﬁed result.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Now take out the square root. 50a2b = 2·5·5·a·a·b 2b 2 · 5 · 5 · a · a · b = 5a 245 Team-LRN . 2·2·3=2 3 300 = 3 · 10 · 10 Now take out the square root. 431. 3= = √3 2x = 2x 3 squares. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Regardless of what symbol is used. factor the radicand and 3·n·n=n 24x5 = look for squares. 12 = 2·2·3 Now take out the square root of any pair of factors or any perfect squares you recognize. 426. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. factor the radicand. First. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). factor the radicand and look for x 2 √3x 2 3· x·x 2·2 3. First. { }. ( ). 429. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 428. factor the radicand. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Although it looks complex. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. you can still begin by factoring the terms in the radical sign. Take out the square roots. 6·2·2·x·x·x·x·x 6x = 2x2 6x 6 · 2 · 2 · x · x · x · x · x = 2x · x 430. First. 427. or [ ]. First. 3x2 4 = 3·x·x 2·2 = 3· = 1 x 2 x·x 2·2 Factoring out the squares leaves This result can be written a few different ways. factor the radicand. 3 · 10 · 10 = 10 3 3n2 = 3·n·n 3 Now take out the square root. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. First.

In the denominator. add the “like terms’’ as if √12xy √x = √12xy √x · √x √x √12xy √x · √x √x = √12xyx x √12xyx x = √3 · 4x2y x √3 · 4x2y x = 2 2x√3y x 3y. 436. Use the quotient property of radicals and rationalize the denominator.501 Algebra Questions 432. a2b)(3a b) = 9 · 3a a2b · b = 27a 2 a2b2 = 27a · ab = 27a2b 5 · 3 15 = 2 · 3 5 · 15 438. 2 2 7 − 3 28 = 2 7 − 3 4 · 7 7−3 4·7=2 7−3·2 7 2 7 − 6 7 = −4 7 437. you must rationalize the 5 4 = √5 √4 = √5 √2 · 2 = √5 2 denominator. combine like terms. rationalize the denominator for this 3 √7 = 3 √7 · √7 √7 = 3√7 7 expression. Use the product property of radicals to simplify 246 Team-LRN . Now factor the radicand. use the product property of radicals and combine the factors in the radicand and outside the radical signs. Simplify the second term of the expression by factoring the radicand. Finally. 434. First. 3 3 + 7 3 + 2 5 = 10 3 + 2 5 The radical terms cannot be added further because the radicands are different. 433. In this expression. For this expression. Factoring out the square roots results in The x in the numerator and the denominator divides out. multiply the expression by 1 in a form suitable for this purpose. Then see if it can be simpliﬁed any further. Use the product property of radicals to combine the radicands in the numerator. In this case. Use the identity property of multiplication and multiply the expression by 1 in a form useful for your purposes. For this expression. Now simplify the radicand. a square root times itself is the radicand by itself. As in the previous problem. leaving 435. (9 the expression. that is to get the radical out of the denominator. the similar radicals were similar variables.

Now use the quotient property to simplify the ﬁrst radical. You could proceed in the same way as the previous √160 √2 = √4 · 4 · 2 · 5 √2 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · √5 √2 4√2 · √5 √2 =4 5 solution. Now simplify the radicand by factoring so that any perfect squares will come out of the radical sign. Simplify the fraction and factor the radicand of the second radical term. 6 5 · 15 = 6 5 · 5 · 3 = 6 · 5 439. Factor the radicand seeking perfect squares. You can start by using the product property 16 9 16 9 3 = 30 3 3 = 30 3 16 9 √16 √9 to simplify the expression. Use the quotient property to get the denominator out of the radicand. you will see the perfect square as 5 times 5. but let’s try another way. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator and you’re done. Use the product property to simplify the numerator. factor the radicand in the = = √56 2 = √4 · 14 2 = 2√14 2 14. numerator and look for perfect squares. √16 √9 · 32 = 32 = · · 32 32 · · 32 = 4 3 16 · 2 = 4 3 ·4 2= 56 4 √56 √4 16√2 3 √56 2 440. 442. and you are left with 441. √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 5 · 3√2 3 = 5 · 3√2 3 =5 2 247 Team-LRN . √150 √3 · √3 √3 = √150 · √3 √3 · √3 = √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 = = √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 Simplify the numerator. The common factor in both the numerator and denominator divides out.501 Algebra Questions Now look for a perfect square in the radicand. For this term. You should recognize the perfect squares 9 and 16. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and the denominator. Use the product property in the numerator. 6 5 · 15 = 6 75 = 6 25 · 3 = 6 · 5 Or if you just factor the radicand. Rationalize the denominator. You can multiply and then factor or just factor ﬁrst.

The 5 becomes part of the numerator. Simplify the numerator. 2 √2 · √2 Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator. Factor the numerator and simplify the perfect square in the denominator. 248 Team-LRN . Simplify terms by using the product property in the numerator and multiplying terms in the denominator. Now use the quotient property to continue simplifying. put all terms 3·3 3 3· 3 3 · 3 3 = −4 · 3 · ·3· 3· 3 = −12 · 3 = −36 4 3 in one radical sign. You will have to rationalize the denominator. Now rationalize the denominator. 444. Simplify the perfect squares in the numerator and denominator. simplify the numerator and write the product of the −2√98 · √2 −2√98 · 2 = term in the denominator. Factor the radicand in the last radical. −4 −4 −4 −4 √27 √72 = √9 · 3 √36 · 2 3√3 6√2 = = 3√3 6√2 √3 2√2 √3 2√2 · √2 √2 = √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 √6 4 √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 = √3 · 2 2·2 = 3· 3· 27 = −4 9 · 3 = −4 3· 9·3 Simplify the perfect square. The expression is ﬁne the way it is. 447. = − 49 · 2 · 2 = −7 · 2 = −14 2 445. Begin simplifying this term by rationalizing the −2√98 5 8 64 √8 = 5 √64 5√4 · 2 8 5 · 2√2 8 √8 5 √64 = 5√4 · 2 8 = 5 · 2√2 8 = 5√2 4 · √2 = √2 · √2 denominator. Factor 2 out of the numerator and denominator. Use the commutative property of multiplication. √2 Using the product property. You can simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator by a factor of 3. You use the quotient property to begin rationalizing the denominator.501 Algebra Questions 443. or it could be written as · 10 3 4 · 10 3·3 = = 4 · 10 3·3 √4 · 10 √9 √4 · 10 √9 = 2 3 2√10 3 10. √2 −2√98 · √2 but ﬁrst factor the radicands and look for perfect squares. 446. Using the product property. Now simplify terms. Then factor the radicand looking for perfect −2√98 · 2 squares.

There is more than one way to simplify √15 · √105 −3 = √15 · √15 · 7 −3 √15 · √15 · 7 −3 = √15 · √15 · √7 −3 15√7 −3 = 15√7 −3 = −5 7 an expression. Begin by rationalizing the denominator. = 3 = 3 =6 7 3 6√126 √18 · √18 √18 = 6√126 · √18 18 249 Team-LRN . Begin by factoring the radicand of the second radical. 449. 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 = 3 · 2 · 6 = 36 Use the product property to simplify the 6√126 · √18 6√126 · 18 = numerator. 18 3 3 Simplify the numerator and divide out common factors in the √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 9 · 2√7 18√7 numerator and denominator. Now use the product property to separate the factors of the second radical term into two radical terms. 3 24 · 6 = 3 24 · 6 Now factor the terms in the radicand and look for perfect squares. 3 24 · 6 = 3 4 · 6 · 6 = 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 Simplify the radical. 18 18 Simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator. Now simplify the whole numbers. 450. Then 3 times 12 equals 36. Start this one by using the product property to combine the radicands. another perfect square. Why? Because you will then have the product of two identical radicals. Another way is to multiply 6 and 24 to get 144. Then factor the radicand 6√126 · 18 √9 · 7 · 2 · 2 · 9 √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 = = and look for perfect squares.501 Algebra Questions 448.

19 Tips for Solving Radical Equations ■ ■ ■ Squaring both sides of an equation is a valuable tool when solving radical equations. When one of the solutions does not work.. then a2 = b2. it is called an extraneous solution. Isolate the radical on one side of an equation before using the squaring property. ( x + 5)2 = x + 5. e. An equation is considered a radical equation when the radicand contains a variable. Use the following property: When a and b are algebraic expressions. When neither solution works in the original equation.Solving Radical Equations This chapter will give you more practice operating with radicals. However. You should always check your results in the original equation to see that both solutions work. Squaring a radical results in the radical symbol disappearing. When you use a radical to solve an equation. if a = b.g. Team-LRN . you must be aware of the positive and negative roots. there is said to be no solution. the focus here is to use radicals to solve equations.

466. 3 463. 462. 474. 457. Watch for extraneous solutions. 451. 3 = 10 − 465. 459. x = 471. 3 n = 13 a = 24 2x − 4 = 4 4x + 6 = 6 3x + 4 + 8 = 12 5x − 4 + 3 = 12 4x + 9 = −13 5x − 6 + 3 = 11 9 − x + 14 = 25 3x + 1 = 15 −x + 7 = 22 100x − 1 25x + 39 464. −7 3x + 46 + 24 = 38 = 10 − 13x + 43 − 4 = 29 =7 8 − 2x 2x + 3 x + 12 7x − 10 7 467. 458. 454. x2 = 64 452. 28 √5x + 1 469. 4x + 3 = 2x 2 − 2x = x 3 2x 475. Solve the following radical equations. 461. Check your answers. use the radical sign on both sides of the equation to ﬁnd a solution for the variable. x = + 10 251 Team-LRN . x = 473. 460. 3 468. 456. 2 455. x = 470. x2 = 135 453. x = 472.501 Algebra Questions ■ For second degree equations.

Show both solutions for the square root of 64. So when you substitute 169 into the original equation. Check the second solution in the original equation. check out. only the positive root n = 13 is to be 252 Team-LRN . When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Both solutions. { }. Use the radical sign on both sides of the equation. 452. x = ±3 15. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. Use the radical sign on both sides of the x2 = 64 x = ±8 (8)2 = 64 64 = 64 (−8)2 = 64 64 = 64 equation. square both sides of the equation. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. 453. Check by substituting in the original equation. Both solutions. Regardless of what symbol is used. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. check out. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 451. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. x2 = 135 x = 135 = 9 · 15 = ±3 15 (3 15)2 = 135 32( 15)2 = 135 9(15) = 135 135 = 135 (−3 15)2 = 135 (−3)2( 15)2 = 135 (9)(15) = 135 135 = 135 ( n)2 = 132 n = 169 169 = 13 Check the second solution in the original equation. The original equation asks for only the positive root of n. Simplify both terms. The solution is underlined. First. x = ±8. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. or [ ]. Simplify the radical. ( ).

Simplify terms. Square both sides of the equation. Isolate the radical on one side of the equation. Simplify terms. Now square both sides of the equation. 456. Subtract 4 from both sides and divide by 3. Check the solution in the original equation. this will become important. as the radical equations become more complex. 253 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 2. 2√a 2 = 24 2 a = 12 ( a)2 = 122 a = 144 2 144 = 24 2(12) = 24 24 = 24 2x − 4 + 4 = 4 + 4 2x = 8 ( 2x)2 = 82 2x = 64 x = 32 2(32) − 4 = 4 64 − 4 = 4 8 − 4 = 4. Simplify terms. Subtract 6 from both sides of the equation. Simplify terms. Begin by adding 4 to both sides to isolate the radical. Check the solution in the original equation. 13 = 13 checks out. The solution x = 7. Check the solution in the original equation.5) + 6 = 6 36 = 6 6=6 3x + 4 = 4 ( 3x + 4)2 = 42 3x + 4 = 16 x=4 3(4) + 4 + 8 = 12 16 + 8 = 12 4 + 8 = 12 12 = 12 radical. Divide both sides by 2. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify terms. 4 = 4 ( 4x + 6)2 = 62 4x + 6 = 36 4x = 30 x= 30 4 Combine like terms on each side. 454.5 checks out. Although this may seem trivial at this point.5 4(7. The solution x = 32 checks out. The solution x = 4 checks out. Simplify terms. Square both sides of the equation. 455. The solution a = 144 checks out. Subtract 8 from both sides in order to isolate the = 7. Check your solution in the original equation. 457. Divide both sides by 4 and simplify.501 Algebra Questions considered.

Add 4 to both sides and then divide by 5. 460. 5x − 6 = 8 ( 5x − 6)2 = 8 2 5x − 6 = 64 x = 14 5(14) − 6 + 3 = 11 64 + 3 = 11 8 + 3 = 11 11 = 11 9 − x = 11 9 − x = 121 −x = 112 x = −112 9 − (−112) + 14 = 25 121 + 14 = 25 25 = 25 Now square both sides of the equation. The solution x = 14 checks out. Multiply both sides by negative 1 to solve for x. Substitute the solution in the original equation. 254 Team-LRN . Find the positive square root of 64 and add 3. Check the solution in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. Find the positive square root of 81. Subtract 3 from both sides isolating the radical. Simplify. Simplify terms. Add 6 to both sides and divide the result by 5. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Simplify terms under the radical sign. Subtract 14 from both sides to isolate the radical. Square both sides of the equation. Check your solution in the original equation. The radical sign calls for the positive square root. Subtract 9 from both sides and then divide by 4. The solution does not check out.501 Algebra Questions 458. Simplify terms on both sides. 461. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Check the solution in the original equation. The solution x = 17 checks out. 459. Simplify the expression under the radical. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation isolating the radical. Subtract 9 from both sides. Square both sides of the equation. The square root of 121 is 11. Add 14 and the solution x = −112 checks. 5x − 4 = 9 ( 5x − 4)2 = 92 5x − 4 = 81 x= 85 5 = 17 5(17) − 4 + 3 = 12 81 + 3 = 12 9 + 3 = 12 12 = 12 ( 4x + 9)2 = (−13)2 4x + 9 = 169 x = 40 4(40 + 9) = −13 169 = −13 13 ≠ −13 Simplify terms on both sides of the equation. There is no solution for this equation.

Square both sides of the equation. Subtract 24 from both sides to isolate the radical. Square both sides of the equation. divide both sides by 3. The solution x = 0. The solution x = 50 checks out. Check the solution in the original equation. Add 1 to both sides of the equation and divide by 100. Subtract 1 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. The equation asks you to subtract the positive square root of 49 from 10. 100x − 1 + 100x − 1 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 100x − 1 = 7 100x − 1 = 49 x = 0. 463. Simplify terms. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 464.501 Algebra Questions 462. Now subtract 3 from both sides. Simplify the expression under the radical sign.5 checks out. Subtract 46 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 − Combine like terms and simplify the equation. Check the solution in the original equation. 255 Team-LRN .5 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 7 3=3 3x + 46 = 14 3x + 46 = 196 x = 50 3(50) + 46 + 24 = 38 196 + 24 = 38 14 + 24 = 38 38 = 38 100(0. To isolate the radical. Multiply both sides by negative 1. Multiply 3 by the positive root of 25. Check the solution in the original equation. Use the positive square root of 25. Subtract 7 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Add 100x − 1 to both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify terms. Simplify terms under the radical. The solution x = −25 checks out. The solution x = 8 checks out. Check the solution in the original equation.5) − 1 49 465. 3x + 1 = 5 ( 3x + 1)2 = 52 3x + 1 = 25 x=8 3 3(8) + 1 = 15 3 25 = 15 3(5) = 15 15 = 15 = 15 =5 −x)2 = 52 ( −x = 25 x = −25 3 −(−25) + 7 = 22 3 25 + 7 = 22 3(5) + 7 = 22 15 + 7 = 22 22 = 22 −x 3 −x Divide both sides by 3 to isolate the radical.

467. (Refer to Chapter 16 for practice and tips for 256 Team-LRN . 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 − 25x + 39 + 25x + 39 Combine like terms and simplify the equation. 289 The equation asks you to subtract the positive −7 = 10 − 17 square root of 289 from 10. x2 + 2x − 8 = 0 The result is a quadratic equation. 25x + 39 = 289 Subtract 39 from both sides and divide the result by 25. 13x + 43 = 11 13x + 43 = 121 x=6 3 13(6) + 43 − 4 = 29 3 121 − 4 = 29 3(11) − 4 = 29 29 = 29 multiply both sides by 5x + 1. −7 = −7 The solution x = 10 checks out. Check the solution in the original equation. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. Divide the numerator by the positive square root of 16. Square 28 = 7 5x + 1 4 = 5x + 1 16 = 5x + 1 3=x 28 √5(3) + 1 28 √16 28 4 =7 =7 =7 7=7 both sides. x2 = 8 − 2x Transform the equation by putting all terms on one side. x = 10 −7 = 10 − 25(10) + 39 Check the solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation. 25x + 39 = 17 Square both sides. Solve for x by factoring using the trinomial factor form and setting each factor equal to zero and solving for x. add 4 to both sides and divide the result by 3. The solution x = 6 checks out. The solution 3 = x checks out. Square both sides of the equation. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. Evaluate the left side of the equation. Subtract 43 from both sides and divide by 13. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 469. Subtract 1 from both sides and divide the result by 5. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 468.501 Algebra Questions 466. −7 = 10 − Simplify the expression under the radical sign. The radical is alone on one side. Add 25x + 39 to both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 7.

Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. The positive square root of 4 is 2. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. The only solution for the original equation is x = 3. Subtract 4 from both sides. x cannot equal −4. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. Letting each factor equal zero and solving for x results in two possible solutions. The radical sign calls for a positive root. x = 3 and/or −1. x2 = 2x + 3 x2 − 2x − 3 = (x − 3)(x + 1) = 0 (3) = (−1) = ≠1 2(3 + 3) = 2(−1) + 3 = 9=3 −1 1=1 257 Team-LRN . The solution checks out. With the radical alone on one side of the x2 + 2x − 8 = (x + 4)(x − 2) = 0 x+4=0 x = −4 (−4) = 8 − 2(−4) −4 −4 = 16 ≠4 x−2=0 x=2 (2) = 8 − 2(2) 2= 4 2=2 equation.) It will be important to check each solution. 470. Put it into standard form and factor the equation using the trinomial factor form to ﬁnd the solutions. square both sides. Therefore. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. Subtract 2 from both sides. Therefore x ≠ −1. Then check the solutions in the original equation. x = −4 is an example of an extraneous root. Therefore. the only solution for the equation is x = 2. Check the solution in the original equation. The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions.501 Algebra Questions factoring quadratic equations. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation. x= −1 is an extraneous root.

Square both sides of the equation. and the left side of the original equation when x = −3 is a negative number. x2 − x − 12 = (x − 4)(x + 3) = 0 Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. x−4=0 x=4 Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. x2 − 7x + 10 = 0 Factor the quadratic equation to ﬁnd the solutions. Square both sides of the equation. 2 = 4 or 2 = 2 There are two solutions to the original equation. Check the ﬁrst solution for the quadratic equation in the original equation. x2 = x + 12 Subtract (x + 12) from both sides of the equation. x = 2 and x = 5. 258 x2 = 7x − 10 Team-LRN . 472. Now check the second solution to the quadratic equation in the original. (2) = 7(2) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Factor the equation to ﬁnd the solutions and check in the original equation. However. 4 = 16 The solution x = 4 checks out. The second factor will give the solution x = 2. the radical sign indicates that the positive solution is called for. x = −3 is not a solution. x2 − x − 12 = 0 The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions. and check each in the original equation to rule out any extraneous solution.501 Algebra Questions 471. (4) = (4) + 12 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. x2 − 7x + 10 = (x − 5)(x − 2) = 0 The ﬁrst factor will give you the solution x = 5. x + 3 = 0 x = −3 Check each solution in the original equation to rule out an extraneous solution. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. 5 = 25 or 5 = 5 The solution x = 5 is a solution to the original equation. Subtract (7x − 10) from both sides of the equation. (5) = 7(5) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. So. (−3) = (−3) + 12 You could simplify the expression under the radical sign to get the square root of 9.

5 for x in the original equation. 1 2 2 − 2 x = x2 0 = x2 + 2 x − 2 0 = 2x2 + 7x − 4 2x2 + 7x − 4 = (2x − 1)(x + 4) = 0 2x − 1 = 0.5 4(1. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction. Square both sides of the equation. so x = 1 2 7 7 x + 4 = 0. 7 2 x) 4x + 3 = 4x2 4x2 − 4x − 3 = 0 4x2 − 4x − 3 = (2x + 1)(2x − 3) = 0 2x + 1 = 0. There is one solution 1 for the original equation. Simplify the terms on each side of the equal sign. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. Simplify the expression. 474. Factor using the trinomial factor form. x = 1. x = 2 .5) 9 = 3 or 3 = 3 Subtract (2 − from both sides of the equation. 1 2 2 − 7 (−4) = (−4) 2 16 = (−4) or 4 = −4 259 Team-LRN .5.5 2x − 3 = 0.501 Algebra Questions 473. the result will be 1 = −1. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Substitute 1.5. Check the solution x = −4 in the original equation. so x ≠ −0. The only solution for the original equation is x = 1. so x = −4 2 − 7(1) = (2) 2 2 2− 1 2 7 4 1 = 2 − 13 = 4 1 4 = 1 2 = So x = is a solution. Square both sides of the radical equation. x = −0. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. That cannot be true for the original equation.5) + 3 = 2(1. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. Factor the result using the trinomial factor form. When you substitute −0. Transform the equation into a quadratic equation. This is not true. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x.5 for x in the original equation. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation.

Letting each factor of the trinomial factors equal zero results in two possible solutions for the original 1 equation. Check the second possible solution 3 − 1 −2 1 = in the original equation. Add ( 2x − 10) to both sides of the equation. x = −2 2 is not a solution to the original equation. Multiply the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction. −3 x2 = 2 x + 10 x2 − 2 x − 10 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = (x − 4)(2x + 5) = 0 3 3 4= 3 (4) 2 + 10 Simplify the radical expression. x = 4 and/or x = −2 2 . 4 = 16 or 4 = 4 The solution x = 4 checks out as a solution for the original equation. 1 Therefore. The only solution for this equation is x = 4. 2 ( 2 2 ) + 10 2 A negative number cannot be equal to a positive square root as the radical sign in the original expression calls for. Factor using the trinomial factor form. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation.501 Algebra Questions 475. Square both sides of the equation. 260 Team-LRN .

Some solutions will be in the form of whole numbers or fractions. where a. The quadratic formula tells you that for any equation in the form ax2 + −b ± √b2 − 4ac . one when you add the radical and one when you subtract it. you will have the opportunity to practice solving equations using the quadratic formula.20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula In this chapter. Some will be undeﬁned. The ± in the quadratic equation tells you that there will be two solutions. b. but factoring is useful only for those equations that can easily be factored. The quadratic formula will allow you to ﬁnd solutions for any quadratic equation that can be put in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. and c are numbers. In Chapter 17 you practiced using factoring to solve quadratic equations. Team-LRN . as when the radicand is equal to a negative number. Some will be in the form of a radical. the solution will be x = 2a quadratic formula are also called the roots of the equation. The solutions found using the bx + c = 0.

501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula ■ ■ ■ Transform the equation into the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. 476. x2 = −5x −2 2 488. x2 + 10x + 12 = 0 492. Reduce answers to their simplest form or to the simplest radical form. For solutions that contain a radical. 3x2 + 5x = 0 483. Use the values for a. 7x2 = 4(3x + 1) 494. you can use a calculator to ﬁnd the value of the radical. Solve the following equations using the quadratic formula. Use of a calculator is recommended. x2 + 2x − 15 = 0 477. 5x2 + 52x + 20 = 0 487. be sure to simplify the radical as you practiced in Chapter 18. 24x2 + 18x − 6 = 0 493. 1 2 3x + 4x − 3 = 0 3 495. x2 + 7x = 5 489. 2x2 − 7x − 30 = 0 478. 5x2 = 18x − 17 485. 6x2 + 17x = 28 481. b. 3x2 + 11x − 7 = 0 486. 14x2 = 12x + 32 482. and c in the quadratic equation to determine the solution for the original equation. 5x2 − 12x + 1 = 0 262 Team-LRN . 18x2 + 9x + 1 = 0 480. 6x2 + 13x − 28 = 0 479. When you are asked to ﬁnd the solution to the nearest hundredth. 23x2 = 2(8x − 1) 491. x2 = 20x − 19 490. 2x2 = 27 484.

4c2 − 11c + 2 = 0 501. 11r2 − 4r − 7 = 0 497. 4y2 = 16y − 5 499.501 Algebra Questions Find the solution to the following equations to the nearest hundredth. 11k2 − 32k + 10 = 0 263 Team-LRN . 3m2 + 21m − 8 = 0 498. 496. 5s2 + 12s − 1 = 0 500.

Find the two solutions for x by simplifying terms. 477. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). a = 1 b = 2 c = −15 x= x= x= −(2) ± √(2)2 − 4(1)(−15) 2(1) − (−60) 2 −2±√4 −2 = −2 ± √64 2 ±8 2 x= x= −2 +8 2 −2 − 8 2 = = 6 2 = 3 and −10 − 2 = 5 First. Simplify the expression. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. The solutions are underlined. First. b. list the values for a. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. First add the terms in the numerator. and c.5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 6 and x = −2. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 476. or [ ]. 264 Team-LRN . b. The equation is in the proper form. Simplify the expression under the radical sign.5. list the values for a. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Evaluate the square root of 64. { }. Regardless of what symbol is used. The equation is in the proper form. and then subtract them. The two solutions for the variable x are x = 3 and x = −5. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. a = 2 b = −7 x= −(−7) c = −30 ± √(−7)2 − 4(2)(−30) 2(2) x= 7 ± √49 − (−240) 4 = 7 ± √289 4 = 7 ± 17 4 x= x= 7 + 17 4 7 − 17 4 = = 24 4 = 6 and −10 − 4 = 2. ( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.

x= −9 and proper form. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. First. Subtract 88 from both sides of the equation. and c. b. The equation is in the proper form. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. list the values for a. Combine like terms on both sides. 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 28 − 28 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 0 a = 6 b = 17 c = −28 x= x= −(17) ± √(17)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) −17 ± √289 + 672 12 = −17 ± √961 12 = −17 ± 31 12 x= x= + 31 12 −17 − 31 12 −17 = = 1 14 1 12 = 1 6 and −48 − 12 = 4 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 1 6 and x = −4. First transform the equation into the −6 −1 +3 36 = 36 = 6 −12 −1 x = 36 = 3 −1 −1 = 6 and x = 3 . 16 1 12 = 1 3 and −42 1 = 12 = −3 2 1 1 1 3 and x = −3 2 . 265 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 478. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. list the values for a. Now list the values for a. The equation is in the proper form. b. a = 6 b = 13 c = −28 x= x= −(13) −13 ± √(13)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) ± √169 + 672 12 = −13 ± √841 12 = −13 ± 29 12 x= x= + 29 12 −13 − 29 12 −13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 479. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c. = First. a = 18 b = 9 c = 1 x= x= −(9) ± √(9)2 − 4(18)(1) 2(18) −9 ± √81 − 72 36 = −9 ± √9 36 = −9 ±3 36 The two solutions for the variable x are x 480. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c. Simplify the expression.

b. 482. Subtract 27 from both sides of the +5 6 −5 − 5 x= 6 2 = −1 3 . So you could write the equation in the proper form like this: 2x2 + 0x − 27 = 0 Now list the values for a. x= 2(2) Simplify the expression. x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(3)(0) 2(3) x=− x= 5 ± √25 − 0 6 = −5 ±5 6 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 0 and x 483. there appears to be no coefﬁcient for the x term unless you realize that 0x = 0. Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. the solution would have been the same. x= 2(14) Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 481. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. a = 14 b = −12 c = −32 Substitute the values into the −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(14)(−32) quadratic equation. x= ± √216 2(2) = ± √9 · 4 · 6 2(2) = ± 3 · 2√6 2(2) = ± 3√6 2 266 Team-LRN . = Yes. 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 0 Now list the values for a. and c. you could have divided both sides of the equation by 2 before listing your a. First transform the equation into the proper form. In this equation. and c. and then your values would be a = 3. However. b = 5. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. a = 2 b = 0 c = −27 Substitute the values into the −(0) ± √(0)2 − 4(2)(−27) quadratic equation. 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 12x + 32 − 12x − 32 Combine like terms. Try it yourself. and c = 0. and c values. b. Add (−12x − 32) to both sides of the equation. The equation may not appear to be in proper form because there is no value for c. But you could write it as 3x2 + 5x + 0 = 0. b. x= 12 ± √144 + 1792 28 = 12 ± √1936 28 = 12 ± 44 28 x= x= 12 + 44 28 12 − 44 28 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 56 28 = 2 and −32 1 = 28 = −1 7 1 2 and x = −1 7 . 2x2 − 27 = 27 − 27 or 2x2 − 27 = 0. −5 = = 0 6 = 0 and −10 − 2 6 = 13 equation.

The two solutions for the variable x are x = ± 1 2 484. Transform the equation into the desired form. 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 18x − 18x − 17 + 17 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 0 a = 5 b = −18 c = 17 x= x= −(−18) ± √(−18)2 − 4(5)(17) 2(5) 18 ± √324 − 340 10 = 18 ± √−16 10 and c. there are no solutions for this equation. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Since there is no rational number equal to the square root of a negative number. 485. ± √(52)2 − 4(5)(20) 2(5) −52 ± √2704 − 400 10 = −52 ± √2304 10 = −52 ± 48 10 Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. b. Simplify the expression. 205. a = 3 b = 11 c = −7 x= x= −(11) ± √(11)2 − 4(3)(−7) 2(3) −11 ± √121 + 84 6 5 1 6 = −11 ± √205 6 = −1 6 ± 5 1 6 205 The solutions for the variable x are x = −1 6 ± 486. List the values of a. and c. x= x= + 48 10 − 52 − 48 10 −52 = = −4 − 10 = 0.4 and −100 − 10 = 10 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −0. Now list the values for a.4 and x = −10. Simplify the expression. b. List the values of a.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the radical. Combine like terms on both sides. ± 3√6 2 = ± 12 1 1 6 6. Simplify the expression. a = 5 b = 52 c = 20 x= x= −(52) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c. Subtract 18x and add 17 to both sides. b. 267 Team-LRN .

Then add 5x + 2 to both sides of the equation. x2 + 7x − 5 = 0 a = 1 b = 7 c = −5 x= x= 1 −(7) ± √(7)2 − 4(1)(−5) 2(1) −7 ± √49 + 20 2 1 2 = −7 ± √69 2 = −3 2 ± 1 1 2 69 The solution for the variable x is x = −3 2 ± 489. 20x and adding 19 to both sides of the equation. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Transform the equation by subtracting 5 from both sides. First.501 Algebra Questions 487. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 488. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 2x2 = −5x − 2 2x2 + 5x + 2 = 0 a=2 b=5 c=2 x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(2)(2) 2(2) −2 −1 = −5 ± √25 − 16 2(2) −5 = −8 −5 ±3 4 x= −5 +3 4 = 4 = 1 2 and x = −3 4 = 4 = −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = − 2 and x = −2. Simplify the expression. and c. and c. List the values of a. List the values of a. List the values of a. x= Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. multiply both sides of the equation by 2. and c. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the right side of the equation. Simplify the expression. x= x= 20 ± √400 − 76 2 = 20 ± √324 2 = 20 ±18 2 20 + 18 2 20 − 18 2 = = 38 2 = 19 2 2 =1 and The two solutions for the variable x are x = 19 and x = 1. Subtract 16x and add 2 to both sides. 23x2 = 16x − 2 23x2 − 16x + 2 = 0 a = 23 b = −16 c = 2 x= −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(23)(2) 2(23) 268 Team-LRN . x2 − 20x + 19 = 0 a = 1 b = −20 c = 19 x= −(−20) ± √(−20)2 − 4(1)(19) 2(1) Simplify the expression. Transform the equation by subtracting 69. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. Transform the equation into proper form. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a. b. and c. 490. b.

2. List the values of a. b. Then subtract (12x + 4) from both sides. and c. List the values of a. 13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −5 + 492. b. proper form. and c. First use the distributive property of multiplication. Transform the equation into the and x = −1. Simplify the expression. a = 1 b = 10 c = 12 x= −(10) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. b. Simplify the expression. 269 Team-LRN . x= −10 ± √(102 − 4(1)(12) 2(1) ± √100 − 48 2 = −10 ± √52 2 = −10 ± √4 · 13 2 = −10 ± 2√13 2 = −5 ± 13. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 7x2 = 4(3x) + 4(1) = 12x + 4 7x2 − 12x − 4 = 0 a=7 b = −12 c = −4 x= x= −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(7)(−4) 2(7) 12 ± √144 + 112 14 = 12 ± √256 14 = 12 ± 16 14 x= x= 12 + 16 14 12 − 16 14 = = 28 14 −4 14 = 2 and = −2 7 −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 2 and x = 7 . List the values of a. and c. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. ± √(18)2 − 4(24)(−6) 2(24) −18 ± √324 + 576 48 = −18 ± √900 48 = −18 ± 30 48 x= x= + 30 48 −18 − 30 48 1 4 −18 = = 12 1 48 = 4 and −48 − 48 = 1 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 493. 13 and x = −5 − a = 24 b = 18 c = −6 x= x= −(18) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.501 Algebra Questions x= 16 ± √256 − 184 2(23) = 16 ± √72 2(23) = 16 ± √4 · 9 · 2 2(23) 8 23 = ± 2 · 8 ± 2 · 3 √2 2(23) 3 23 = 8 ± 3 √2 23 = 8 23 ± 3 23 2 The solution for the variable x is x = 491.

36 and −44. r= Find the two solutions for r by adding and then subtracting in the numerator.36 6 The two solutions for the variable m are m = 0. 497. 8 a = 5 b = −12 x= 12 ± √124 2(5) −(−12) c=1 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 6 + √31 5 and x = a = 11 b = −4 x= −(−4) c = −7 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. and c.17.64 The two solutions for the variable r are r = 1 and r = −0.17 6 = 0.17 6 = = 2. Simplify the expression. ± √(−4)2 − 4(11)(−7) 2(11) Simplify the expression. Substitute into the expression and simplify.17 = −7. Simplify the expression. 12( 3 x2 + 4 x − 3 = 0) 12(13x2) + 12( 4 x) − 12(3) = 12(0). and c. List the values of a. and c. The square root of 537 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 23. List the values of a. and c. 12 ± √144 − 20 = x= 2(5) ± √(−12)2 − 4(5)(1) 2(5) = 12 ± √4 · 31 2(5) = 12 ± 2√31 2(5) 6 − √31 5 . 270 Team-LRN . b. = 6 ± √31 5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 496. List the values of a. + 3√73 8 and x = 9 − 3√73 .64. but it might be easier to ﬁrst transform the equation by multiplying it by 12.36 and m = −7. You could use the fractions as values for a and b. List the values of a. ± √(21)2 − 4(3)(−8) 2(3) −21 ± √441 + 96 6 = −21 ± √537 6 m= m= −21 + 23. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. a = 3 b = 21 c = −8 m= m= −(21) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b.501 Algebra Questions 494.17 6 −21 − 23. you get Simplify the terms. r = r= 4 ± √16 + 308 22 4 + 18 22 4 − 18 22 = 4 ± √324 22 = 4 ± 18 22 = = 22 22 = 1 and −14 − 22 = 0. Using the distributive property.36. 4x2 + 9x − 36 = 0 a = 4 b = 9 c = −36 x= x= = −(9) 1 3 3 ± √(9)2 − 4(4)(−36) 2(4) −9 ± √657 ± √81 + 576 = 8 8 −9 ± √9 · 73 −9 ± 3 √73 = 8 8 −9 −9 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 495.

55 and 8 11 − 9.48.20.55 and c = 0. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.32) 2. Transform the equation by subtracting 16y from and adding 5 to both sides.57 = 8 = 0. a = 4 b = −11 c= c= c= c= 501. b. and c.36 The two solutions for the variable k are k = 2. ± √(−32)2 − 4(11)(10) 2(11) 32 ± √1024 − 440 22 32 + 24. List the values of a. Substitute into the expression and simplify.81 10 −12 = 0. Simplify the expression.28 = 8 = 3. List the values of a. ± √(−11)2 − 4(4)(2) 2(4) 11 ± √121 − 32 11 ± √89 11 ± 9. Substitute into the expression and simplify.17 22 = 56.66 8 16 − 4(3. 499.17 22 = 32 ± √584 22 = 32 ± 24.34.55 and k = 0.81.43 = = 8 8 8 11 + 9. 16 ± √256 − 80 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 16y − 5 − 16y + 5 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 0 a = 4 b = −16 c = 5 y= = −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(4)(5) 2(4) 16 ± √176 8 = 16 ± √16 · 11 8 = 16 ± 4√11 8 y= y= 16 + 4 (3.501 Algebra Questions 498. Combine like terms.81 10 = 10 = −2. and c. ± √(12)2 − 4(5)(−1) 2(5) Simplify the expression. 271 Team-LRN .34 8 and The two solutions for the variable y are y = 3. − 12.32) 29. List the values of a. b. Simplify the expression.66 and y = 0.81 10 = 0.17 22 32 − 24. b.17 22 = 2.55 and = 7. List the values of a.32.08 and s = −2. s= −12 ± √144 + 20 10 = −12 ± √164 10 −12 + 12.081 −24. s= The square root of 164 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 12.43 1. y= 8 The square root of 11 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 3.8322 = 0. a = 5 b = 12 c = −1 s= −(12) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. −(−11) c=2 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.43 = 8 = 2.72 = 8 = 0. and c.81 and s = 500. and c.48 The two solutions for the variable s are s = 0. a = 11 b = −32 k= k= k= k= −(−32) c = 10 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.43 20.36.20 8 The two solutions for the variable c are c = 2.

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