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Algebra Questions

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501

Algebra Questions

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Copyright © 2002 LearningExpress, LLC. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Recco, William. 501 algebra questions / William Recco.—1st ed. p. cm. ISBN 1-57685-424-8 (pbk.) 1. Algebra. I. Title: Five hundred one algebra questions. II. Title: Five hundred and one algebra questions. III. Title. QA152.2 .R42 2002 512—dc21 2002004440 Printed in the United States of America 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 First Edition ISBN 1-57685-424-8 For more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at: 55 Broadway 8th Floor New York, NY 10006 Or visit us at: www.learnatest.com

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The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team is comprised of experts in test preparation, as well as educators and teachers who specialize in language arts and math. LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team Brigit Dermott Freelance Writer English Tutor, New York Cares New York, New York Sandy Gade Project Editor LearningExpress New York, New York Kerry McLean Project Editor Math Tutor Shirley, New York William Recco Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 New York Shoreham/Wading River School District Math Tutor St. James, New York Colleen Schultz Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 Vestal Central School District Math Tutor Vestal, New York

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Contents Introduction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Working with Integers Working with Algebraic Expressions Combining Like Terms Solving Basic Equations Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides Using Formulas to Solve Equations Graphing Linear Equations Solving Inequalities ix 1 12 24 41 49 58 72 81 110 119 142 172 186 194 10 Graphing Inequalities 11 Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities 12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically 13 Working with Exponents 14 Multiplying Polynomials Team-LRN .

Contents 15 Factoring Polynomials 16 Using Factoring 17 Solving Quadratic Equations 18 Simplifying Radicals 19 Solving Radical Equations 20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula 206 215 229 242 250 261 viii Team-LRN .

501 Algebra Questions is designed for many audiences. algebra. you can ﬁnd them in the LearningExpress publication Algebra Success in 20 Minutes a Day. look at the table of contents to see the types of algebra topics covered in this book. It’s for anyone who has ever taken a course in algebra and needs to refresh and revive forgotten skills. If at some point you feel you need further explanation about some of the algebra topics highlighted in this book. and word problems. Instead. You may want to follow the sequence. The structure follows a common sequence of concepts introduced in basic algebra courses. The book is organized into twenty chapters with a variety of arithmetic. How To Use This Book First. Or. It can be used to supplement current instruction in a math class. it provides 501 problems so you can ﬂex your muscles and practice a variety of mathematical and algebraic skills. as each succeeding chapter builds on skills taught in previous chap- Team-LRN .Introduction This book is designed to provide you with review and practice for algebra success! It is not intended to teach common algebra topics. it can be used by teachers and tutors who need to reinforce student skills.

Work for understanding. the multiplication chart on the next page may help you. Why you do a math operation is as important as how you do it. If after completing all the problems in a section you feel that you need more practice. or if you are using this book to supplement topics you are currently learning. In this book. Each chapter has an introduction describing the mathematical concepts covered in the chapter. And don’t forget to keep lots of scrap paper on hand. you become skillful with practice. Make a Commitment Success does not come without effort. Like an athlete preparing for the next season or a musician warming up for a concert. Make the commitment to improve your algebra skills. Last. there are helpful tips on how to practice the problems in each chapter. use the list on the next page so you won’t waste time trying to factor numbers that can’t be factored. Chapters are arranged using the same method. It’s always a good idea to use it to check your calculations. You will probably want to have a calculator handy as you work through some of the sections. you have laid the foundation for future challenges and success. you may want to jump around from topic to topic. every problem has a complete step-by-step explanation for the solutions. It’s not the answer that matters most—it’s the process and the reasoning skills that you want to master. If you truly want to be successful. you are given one model problem and then asked to do many problems following that model. If you have difﬁculty factoring numbers. But if your skills are just rusty. If you ﬁnd yourself getting stuck solving a problem. it is important to be as organized and sequential in your written steps as possible. you are presented with a variety of problems that generally range from easier to more difﬁcult problems and their answer explanations. you can look at the answer explanation and use it to help you understand the problem-solving process. Second. You can do it! When you achieve algebra success. do the problems over. As you are solving problems. So sharpen your pencil and practice! x Team-LRN . make a commitment to spend the time you need to do a good job. If you are unfamiliar with prime numbers.501 Algebra Questions ters. The purpose of drills and practice is to make you proﬁcient at solving problems. In many books.

501 Algebra Questions × 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 Multiplication Table 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 15 18 21 24 27 20 24 28 32 36 25 30 35 40 45 30 36 42 48 54 35 42 49 56 63 40 48 56 64 72 45 54 63 72 81 50 60 70 80 90 55 66 77 88 99 60 72 84 96 108 Prime 13 53 101 151 199 263 317 383 443 503 577 641 701 769 839 911 983 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 132 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144 2 31 73 127 179 233 283 353 419 467 547 607 661 739 811 877 947 3 37 79 131 181 239 293 359 421 479 557 613 673 743 821 881 953 5 41 83 137 191 241 307 367 431 487 563 617 677 751 823 883 967 Commonly Used 7 11 43 47 89 97 139 149 193 197 251 257 311 313 373 379 433 439 491 499 569 571 619 631 683 691 757 761 827 829 887 907 971 977 Numbers 17 19 59 61 103 107 157 163 211 223 269 271 331 337 389 397 449 457 509 521 587 593 643 647 709 719 773 787 853 857 919 929 991 997 23 67 109 167 227 277 347 401 461 523 599 653 727 797 859 937 1009 29 71 113 173 229 281 349 409 463 541 601 659 733 809 863 941 1013 xi Team-LRN .

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501 Algebra Questions Team-LRN .

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**Working With Integers
**

For some people, it is helpful to try to simplify expressions containing signed numbers as much as possible. When you ﬁnd signed numbers with addition and subtraction operations, you can simplify the task by changing all subtraction to addition. Subtracting a number is the same as adding its opposite. For example, subtracting a three is the same as adding a negative three. Or subtracting a negative fourteen is the same as adding a positive fourteen. As you go through the step-by-step answer explanations, you will begin to see how this process of using only addition can help simplify your understanding of operations with signed numbers. As you begin to gain conﬁdence, you may be able to eliminate some of the steps by doing them in you head and not having to write them down. After all, that’s the point of practice! You work at the problems until the process becomes automatic. Then you own that process and you are ready to use it in other situations. The Tips for Working with Integers section below gives you some simple rules to follow as you solve problems with integers. Refer to them each time you do a problem until you don’t need to look at them. That’s when you can consider them yours. You will also want to review the rules for Order of Operations with numerical expressions. You can use a memory device called a mnemonic to help you remember a set of instructions. Try remembering the word PEMDAS. This nonsense word helps you remember to:

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501 Algebra Questions

P do operations inside Parentheses E evaluate terms with Exponents M D do Multiplication and Division in order from left to right A S Add and Subtract terms in order from left to right

**Tips for Working with Integers
**

Addition Signed numbers the same? Find the SUM and use the same sign. Signed numbers different? Find the DIFFERENCE and use the sign of the larger number. (The larger number is the one whose value without a positive or negative sign is greatest.) Addition is commutative. That is, you can add numbers in any order and the result is the same. As an example, 3 + 5 = 5 + 3, or −2 + −1 = −1 + −2. Subtraction Change the operation sign to addition, change the sign of the number following the operation, then follow the rules for addition. Multiplication/Division Signs the same? Multiply or divide and give the result a positive sign. Signs different? Multiply or divide and give the result a negative sign. Multiplication is commutative. You can multiply terms in any order and the result will be the same. For example: (2 • 5 • 7) = (2 • 7 • 5) = (5 • 2 • 7) = (5 • 7 • 2) and so on. Evaluate the following expressions.

1. 27 + −5 2. 3.

−18 −11

+ −20 − 16 − −8

4. 33 + −16 5. 8 + −4 − 12 6. 38 ÷ −2 + 9 7. 8.

−25 −6

· −3 + 15 · −5

· −3 · −2

9. 24 · −8 + 2 10. 2 · −3 · −7 11.

−15

+ 5 + −11

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**501 Algebra Questions 12. (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) 13. 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 14.
**

−(5

· 3) + (12 ÷ −4)

15. (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) 16. 23 + (64 ÷ −16) 17. 23 − (−4)2 18. (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 19. 24 + (9 + −6)3 20. (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) 21. A scuba diver descends 80 feet, rises 25 feet, descends 12 feet, and then

rises 52 feet where he will do a safety stop for ﬁve minutes before surfacing. At what depth did he do his safety stop?

22. A digital thermometer records the daily high and low temperatures. The

high for the day was +3° C. The low was −10° C. What was the difference between the day’s high and low temperatures? During the month, checks were written in the amounts of $25, $82, $213, and $97. Deposits were made into the account in the amounts of $84 and $116. What was the balance at the end of the month?

23. A checkbook balance sheet shows an initial balance for the month of $300.

24. A gambler begins playing a slot machine with $10 in quarters in her coin

bucket. She plays 15 quarters before winning a jackpot of 50 quarters. She then plays 20 more quarters in the same machine before walking away. How many quarters does she now have in her coin bucket?

25. A glider is towed to an altitude of 2,000 feet above the ground before

being released by the tow plane. The glider loses 450 feet of altitude before ﬁnding an updraft that lifts it 1,750 feet. What is the glider’s altitude now?

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501 Algebra Questions

Answers

Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses, the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ), it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used, ( ), { }, or [ ], perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result.

1. The signs of the terms are different, so ﬁnd the difference

of the values. The sign of the larger term is positive, so the sign of the result is positive.

2. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

−18

[27 − 5 = 22] 27 + −5 = +22

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Since all the signs are negative, add the absolute value of the numbers. Since the signs were negative, the result is negative. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows:

3. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

+ −20 + (−16)

[18 + 20 + 16 = 54]

−18 −18

**+ −20 + −16 = −54 + −20 − 16 = −54
**

−11

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Subtract the absolute value of the numbers. Give the result the sign of the larger term. The simpliﬁed expression is as follows:

4. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.

+ +8

[11 − 8 = 3] + +8 = −3 −11 − −8 = −3

−11

Give the result the sign of the larger term.

[33 − 16 = 17] 33 + −16 = +17

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First perform the multiplications. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 7. Signs different? Divide and give the 8 + −4 + −12 8 + (−4 + −12) [(−4 + −12) = −16] 8 + (−16) [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + (−16) = −8 8 + −4 − 12 = −8 [(38 ÷ −2) = −19] (−19) + 9 [19 − 9 = 10] (−19) + 9 = −10 38 ÷ −2 + 9 = −10 result the negative sign. you [−25 · −3 = +75] [15 · −5 = −75] (+75) + (−75) [75 − 75 = 0] −25 · −3 + 15 · −5 = 0 could group any two terms and the result would be the same. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 6. Let’s group the ﬁrst two terms. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. ﬁrst group like terms and add. First divide. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 8. Substitute the result into the ﬁrst expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (−6 · −3) · −2 [6 · 3 = +18] (+18) · −2 (+18) · −2 = −36 −6 · −3 · −2 = −36 5 Team-LRN . Give the result the sign of the larger term. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Now substitute the result into the original expression. With three terms. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Because all the operators are multiplication. Substitute the result into the expression. Now substitute the results into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 5.

Substitute. Substitute. you could 2 · (−3 · −7) [(−3 · −7) = +21] 2 · (+21) 2 · (+21) = +42 2 · −3 · −7 = +42 group any two terms and the result would be the same. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Substitute into the original expression. Because all the operators are multiplication. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. Let’s group the last two terms. First evaluate the expressions within the (−15 + 5) + −11 [15 − 5 = 10] [(−15 + 5) = −10] (−10) + −11 [10 + 11 = 21] (−10) + −11 = −21 −15 + 5 + −11 = −21 parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Or you could just work from left to right. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 10. (24 · −8) + 2 [24 · −8 = −192] (−192) + 2 [192 − 2 = 190] (−192) + 2 = −190 24 · −8 + 2 = −190 Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Because all the operators are addition.501 Algebra Questions 9. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 12. Group the terms being multiplied and evaluate. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 11. Substitute. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: [49 ÷ 7 = 7] [48 ÷ −4 = −12] (7) − (−12) 7 + +12 7 + +12 = +19 (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) = +19 6 Team-LRN . Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. you could group any two terms and the result would be the same.

The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 14. Now perform additions from left to right. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. First evaluate the expressions within the 5 + −11 + −3 + 8 (5 + −11) + −3 + 8 [11 − 5 = 6] [5 + −11 = −6] (−6) + −3 + 8 (−6 + −3) + 8 [−6 + −3 = −9] (−9) + 8 [9 − 8 = 1] (−9) + 8 = −1 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 = −1 [5 · 3 = 15] [12 ÷ −4 = −3] −(15) parentheses. Substitute. Substitute the values into the original expression. Add from left to right. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute.501 Algebra Questions 13. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: + (−3) [15 + 3 = 18] −(15) + (−3) = −18 −(5 · 3) + (12 ÷ −4) = −18 7 Team-LRN .

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. [(−18 ÷ 2)] [18 ÷ 2 = 9] [(−18 ÷ 2 = −9)] (6 · −3) [6 · 3 = 18] (6 · −3) = −18 (−9) − (−18) (−9) + (+18) [18 − 9 = 9] (−9) + (+18) = +9 (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) = +9 (64 ÷ −16) [64 ÷ 16 = 4] (64 ÷ −16 = −4) 23 + (−4) [23 − 4 = 19] 23 + (−4) = +19 23 + (64 ÷ −16) = +19 [23 = 2 · 2 · 2 = 8] [(−4)2 = (−4) · (−4)] [4 · 4 = 16] [(−4)2 = +16] 23 − (−4)2 = (8) − (+16) 8 + −16 [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + −16 = −8 Substitute the values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 17. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 16. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. First evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. 8 Team-LRN . Signs different? Multiply the term values and give the result a negative sign. The order of operations tells us to evaluate the terms with exponents ﬁrst.501 Algebra Questions 15. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the values of terms with exponents into the original expression. Substitute the value into the original expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Evaluate the expressions within the parentheses.

501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 18. Signs different? Multiply the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute values into the original expression. Evaluate the term with the exponent. Evaluate the terms with exponents. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 9 Team-LRN . Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the value into the expression. Substitute the values into the expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values of the expressions in parentheses into the original expression. parentheses. First evaluate the expressions within the 19. First evaluate the expressions within the 23 − (−4)2 = −8 [3 − 5] [3 + (−5)] [5 − 3 = 2] [3 − 5 = −2] [18 ÷ 6 = 3] (−2)3 + (3)2 [(−2)3 = −2 · −2 · −2] [(−2 · −2) · −2 = (+4) · −2] [(+4) · −2 = −8] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] (−2)3 + (3)2 = −8 + 9 9 − 8 = +1 (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 = +1 [9 + −6] [9 − 6 = 3] [9 + −6 = +3] 24 + (+3)3 [(+3)3 = 33 = 27] 24 + (27) = 51 24 + (9 + −6)3 = 51 [32 + 6 = (9) + 6 = 15] [−24 ÷ 8 = −3] (15) ÷ (−3) [15 ÷ 3 = 5] (15) ÷ (−3) = −5 (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) = −5 parentheses. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 20. Substitute the value into the expression. First evaluate the expression within the parentheses.

(−80 + −12) + (+25 + +52) Evaluate the numerical expression in each parentheses. If you think of distance above sea level as a positive number. 10 Team-LRN . [−80 + −12 = −92] [+25 + +52 = +77] Substitute the values into the numerical expression. 23. then you must think of going below sea level as a negative number. So the difference is the total of 3° + 10° = 13°. The diver took his rest stop at 22. You could simply ﬁgure that +3°C is 3° above zero and −10°C is 10° below. The resulting numerical expression would be −80 + +25 + −12 + +52 as follows: Because addition is commutative. (300 + +84 + +116) + (−25 + −82 + −213 + −97) Evaluate the numbers within each parentheses. (+500) + (−417) = +83 The balance at the end of the month would be $83. you can associate like signed numbers. Going up is in the positive direction. you can associate like-signed numbers. You can consider that balances and deposits are positive signed numbers while checks are deductions. while going down is in the negative direction.501 Algebra Questions 21. represented by negative signed numbers. (−92) + (+77) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Or you could ﬁnd the difference between +3° and −10°. Give all the descending distances a negative sign and the ascending distances a positive sign. An expression to represent the activity during the month would be as follows: 300 + −25 + −82 + −213 + −97 + +84 + +116 Because addition is commutative. [300 + +84 + +116 = +500] [(−25 + −82 + −213 + −97 = −417] Substitute the values into the revised expression. That would be represented by the following +3° − −10° = +3° + +10° = +13° equation. [92 − 77 = 15] −15 feet.

In chronological order. ascending is a positive number while descending is a neg- ative number. An expression that represents the problem +2. [+2. As in problem 21.750 = +3. Four quarters per dollar gives you 4 · 10 = 40 quarters.000 + +1. You can write an expression that represents the quarters in the bucket and the quarters added and subtracted. you can associate like-signed numbers.750) + −450 Evaluate the expression in the parentheses. [40 + 50 = 90] [−15 + − 20 = −35] Substitute into the revised expression.750) + −450 Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.300] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (+3. [90 − 35 = 55] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 = 55 25.000 + −450 + +1.000 + +1. (+2.300 11 Team-LRN . You ﬁrst ﬁgure out how many quarters she starts with. (90) + (−35) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. you can associate like-signed numbers. the expression would be as follows: 40 − 15 + 50 − 20 Change all operation signs to addition and the sign of the number that follows. 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 Because addition is commutative.750 is as follows: Because addition is commutative. (+3.750] Substitute into the revised equation.750 − 450 = 3. (40 + 50) + (−15 + − 20) Use the rules for adding integers with like signs.501 Algebra Questions 24.750) + −450 = +3. [3. You can assume ground level is the zero point.

The answer section contains complete explanations of how to go about evaluating the expressions. Remember that a variable is just a letter that represents a number in a mathematical expression. When given numerical values for the variables.2 Working with Algebraic Expressions This chapter contains 25 algebraic expressions. and you will have one sure way of solving these kinds of problems. Work on developing a similar style throughout. Tips for Working With Algebraic Expressions ■ ■ ■ Substitute assigned values for the variables into the expression. you are to substitute the assigned values for the variables into the expression and evaluate the expression. As you become more familiar and comfortable with the look and feel of these expressions. Recall and use the Tips for Working with Integers from Chapter 1. you can turn an algebraic expression into a numerical one. You will be evaluating expressions very much like the previous numerical expressions. Team-LRN . Read through the Tips for Working with Algebraic Expressions before you begin to solve the problems in this section. Use PEMDAS to perform operations in the proper order. As you work through the problems in this chapter. you will begin to ﬁnd your own shortcuts. each can contain up to ﬁve variables.

10b3 − 4b2 48. 8y − 3ab 34. a3 + 24y − 3b 37. 4b2 − az 31. y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} 47. bx + z ÷ y 33. 5ab + xy 30. 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab 44. 2bx ÷ (z − b) 45. 8y(a3 − 2y) 49. 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b 36. 12ab ÷ y 46. a(b + z)2 35. 2ax − z 29. 3x ÷ z 28. bx(z + 3) 43. 4a + b 27. z2 − 4a2y 50. 3x2b(5a − 3b) x 12 13 Team-LRN . 2z2 ÷ y 42.501 Algebra Questions ■ Evaluate the following algebraic expressions when a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. 7x + x − z 41. 3b2 − 2b + 12 39. 7x ÷ 2yz 32. −2x − b + az 38. 5xy ÷ 2b 40.

Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. (No sign means + ) The value of the expression is as follows: 27. Order of operations tells you to multiply ﬁrst. { }. Substitute. a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. 1 (−2 4 ) The value of the expression is as follows: 28. ( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Multiply the factors of the ﬁrst term. Regardless of what symbol is used. Substitute.25 2(3)(6) − (−8) [2(3)(6) = 36] (36) − (−8) (36) + (+8) [36 + 8 = 44] 1 2 1 expression. PEMDAS: Multiply the ﬁrst term.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Substitute the values for the variables into the 4(3) + (−5) [4(3) = 12] (12) + (−5) [12 − 5 = 7] +7 4a + b = +7 3(6) ÷ (−8) [3(6) = 18] (18) ÷ (−8) [18 ÷ 8 = 2 8 = 2 4 ] 3x ÷ z = −24 or −2. Substitute. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. or [ ]. Give the result the sign of the larger value. 14 Team-LRN .

Substitute. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 7(6) ÷ 2( 2 )(−8) [7 · 6 = 42] 1 [{2( 2 )}(−8) = (1)(−8) = −8] (42) ÷ (−8) [42 ÷ 8 = 5.25 15 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 30. Give the result the sign of the larger value.25 7x ÷ 2yz = −5.25] (42) ÷ (−8) = −5. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 31. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. PEMDAS: Multiply the terms in the expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Now evaluate the other term. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term of the expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the (+44) 2ax − z = +44 5(3)(−5) + (6)( 2 ) [5(3)(−5) = 15(−5)] [15(−5) = −75] 1 [(6)( 2 ) = 3] (−75) + (3) [75 − 3 = 72] (−72) 5ab + xy = −72 4(−5)2 − (3)(−8) [(−5)2 = (−5) · (−5)] [5 · 5 = 25 = +25] [4(+25) = 100] [(3)(−8)] [3 · −8 = −24] (100) − (−24) 100 + +24 = 124 4b2 − az = 124 1 1 expression. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent. Evaluate the second term of the expression. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 29. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign.

Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 34. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. 16 Team-LRN . Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. PEMDAS: You must add the terms inside the parentheses ﬁrst.501 Algebra Questions 32. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Group terms using order of operations. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the (−5)(6) + (−8) ÷ ( 2 ) (−5)(6) + {(−8) ÷ ( 2 )} [(−5)(6)] [5 · 6 = 30] [(−5)(6) = −30] 1 [(−8) ÷ ( 2 )] [8 ÷ 2 ] [8 ÷ [(−8) 1 2 1 1 1 =8· 1 (2) 2 1 = 8 · 2 = 16] ÷ = −16] (−30) + (−16) [30 + 16 = 46] (−30) + (−16) = −46 bx + z ÷ y = −46 8( 2 ) − 3(3)(−5) [8 · 2 = 4] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (4) − (−45) (4) − (−45) = 4 + +45 4 + +45 = +49 8y − 3ab = +49 3((−5) + (−8))2 [(−5) + (−8)] [5 + 8 = 13] [(−5) + (−8) = −13] 1 1 expression. Evaluate the terms on either side of the subtraction sign. To divide by a fraction. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 33. Consider the second term. PEMDAS: Multiply or divide the terms in the expression. Positive times negative is negative. Positive times positive is positive. you multiply by the reciprocal. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.

Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the term with the exponent. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Evaluate the second term. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 36. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−13)2 [(−13)2 = −13 · −13] [13 · 13 = +169] 3(169) = 507 a(b + z)2 = 507 1 expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the 2((3)2 + 2( 2 )) ÷ (−5) [(3)2 + 2( 2 )] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] 1 [2( 2 ) = 1] 1 [(3)2 + 2( 2 ) = 9 + 1 = 10] 2(10) ÷ (−5) [2(10) = 20] (20) ÷ (−5) [20 ÷ 5 = 4] (20) ÷ (−5) = −4 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b = −4 (3)3 + 24( 2 ) − 3(−5) [(3)3 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 27] 1 [24( 2 ) = 12] [3(−5)] [3 · 5 = 15] [3(−5) = −15] (27) + (12) − (−15) (27) + (12) + (+15) 27 + 12 + 15 = 54 a3 + 24y − 3b = +54 1 1 expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions Substitute into the original expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Evaluate the third term. Substitute into the original numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 17 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 35. The ﬁrst term has an exponent. Evaluate it. Evaluate the second term. Next you evaluate the term with the exponent. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Look ﬁrst to evaluate the term inside the bold parentheses. Substitute into the numerical expression.

Consider the two terms on either side of the division sign. Evaluate the second term. Substitute. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with multiplication next. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent ﬁrst. = 15] 18 Team-LRN . Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. a result of addition +. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values for the variables into the −2(6) − (−5) + (3)(−8) [−2(6) = −2 · 6 = −12] [(3)(−8) = 3 · −8 = −24] (−12) − (−5) + (−24) −12 + (+5) + −24 (−12 + −24) + (+5) [−12 + −24 = −36] (−36) + (+5) [36 − 5 = 31] (−36) + (+5) = −31 −2x − b + az = −31 expression. Evaluate ﬁrst and last terms. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Add terms from left to right.501 Algebra Questions 37. All term signs are positive. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 39. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Commutative property of addition allows grouping of like signs. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−5)2 − 2(−5) + 12 [(−5)2 = −5 · −5 = +25] 3(+25) − 2(−5) + 12 [3(+25) = 75] [2(−5) = −10] (75) − (−10) + 12 (75) + (+10) + 12 75 + 10 + 12 = 97 3b2 − 2b + 12 = 97 5(6)( 2 ) ÷ 2(−5) [5 · 6 · 2 = (5 · 6) · [2(−5) = −10] 1 1 2 1 expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 38. Substitute the value into the numerical expression. Substitute the values into the numerical expression. Positive times negative results in a negative. Evaluate the ﬁrst term by multiplying. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression.

Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the second term. Negative times positive equals negative. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: (+128) · 2 = 256 2z2 ÷ y = 256 [(−8) + 3] 42. Change division to multiplication and change the value to its reciprocal. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 41. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. [15 ÷ 10 = 1 2 ] −10) = −1 1 (15) ÷ ( 2 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as 1 follows: 5xy ÷ 2b = −1 2 or −1. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: [8 − 3 = 5] [(−8) + 3 = −5] (−5)(6)(−5) [−5 · 6 = −30] (−30) · −5 = +150 bx(z + 3) = +150 19 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. evaluate the term with the exponent. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the values for the variables into the 7(6) + (6) − (−8) [7(6) = 7 · 6 = 42] 12 [ (6) = 12 ÷ 6 = 2] (42) + (2) − −8 42 + 2 + −8 42 + 2 + +8 = 52 12 7x + x − z = 52 2(−8)2 ÷ ( 2 ) [2(−8)2 = 2 · (−8) · (−8)] [{2 · (−8)} · (−8)] [2 · (−8) = −16] [(−16) · (−8) = +128] (+128) ÷ 1 2 1 12 expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. (−5)(6)((−8) + 3) First. Add terms from left to right.5 40. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. First. Multiply from left to right. evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. (15) ÷ (−10) Signs different? Divide and give the result a 1 negative sign.

Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Substitute the values for the variables into the 6( 2 )(−8 ÷ 2 ) + 3(3)(−5) 1 1 [−8 ÷ 1 1 2 = −8 · 2 1 = −16] 6( 2 )(−16) + 3(3)(−5) [6( 2 )(−16) = 6 · 2 · −16] [3 · −16 = −48] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (−48) + (−45) −48 1 1 + −45 = −93 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab = −93 2(−5)(6) ÷ ((−8) − (−5)) [(−8 − −5)] [−8 + 5] [8 − 5 = 3] [−8 + +5 = −3] 2(−5)(6) ÷ (−3) [2 · −5 · 6 = −60] (−60) ÷ −3 [60 ÷ 3 = 20] (−60) ÷ −3 = 20 2bx ÷ (z − b) = 20 expression. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Evaluate the ﬁrst term in the expression. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Evaluate the second term in the expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Divide and give the result a positive sign. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 44.501 Algebra Questions 43. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 20 Team-LRN . Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign.

Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Substitute the values for the variables into the 1 12(3)(−5) ÷ ( 2 ) [12 · 3 · −5 = 36 · −5] [36 · 5 = 180] [36 · −5 = −180] (−180) ÷ ( 2 ) −180 1 1 · ( 1 ) = −180 · 2 2 [180 · 2 = 360] −180 · 2 = −360 12ab ÷ y = −360 (6) 2 expression. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Multiply from left to right. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 46. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses. PEMDAS: Multiply before subtraction. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: ( 2 ) {( (6) 2 6 [2 − − 3) − 4(3)} 6 2 [( − 3) = − 3] 3 = 3 − 3 = 0] ( 2 ){(0) − 4(3)} [{0 − 4(3)} = 0 − 4 · 3] [0 − 4 · 3 = 0 − 12] [0 − 12 = 0 + −12 = −12] ( 2 ){−12} = 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 · −12 [ 2 · 12 = 6] · −12 = −6 x y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} = −6 21 Team-LRN . Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Multiply the numbers and give the result a negative sign.501 Algebra Questions 45. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. PEMDAS: Division before subtraction.

Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the values for the variables into − +100 + −100 [1250 + 100 = 1350] 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 = −1350 10b3 − 4b2 = −1. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 48. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the result into the original expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Multiply from left to right. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 22 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 47. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Evaluate the second term. Subtract. Substitute the results into the numerical expression in the parentheses. 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 [10(−5)3 = 10 · −5 · −5 · −5] [10 · −5 = (−50)] [(−50) · −5 = +250] [+250 · −5 = −1250] [4(−5)2 = 4 · −5 · −5] [4 · −5 = −20] [−20 · −5 = +100] −1250 −1250 Evaluate the second term in the numerical expression. Same signs? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses.350 8( 2 )((3)3 − 2( 2 )) ((3)3 − 2( 2 )) = (33 − 2 · 2 ) [33 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 9 · 3 = 27] 1 [2 · 2 = 1] [(27) − (1)] [27 − 1 = 26] 8( 2 )(26) 1 [8 · 2 = 4] [4 · 26 = 104] 8y(a3 − 2y) = 104 1 1 1 1 1 the expression. Multiply from left to right. Multiply from left to right. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows.

Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with exponents next. Substitute the result into the numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions 49. Signs different? Multiply the values and give a negative sign. Evaluate the second term. you can just subtract.200 3x2b(5a −3b) = −16. Multiply from left to right.200] 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) − 3(−5)) = −16. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term.200 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 23 Team-LRN . 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) −3(−5)) [(5(3) − 3(−5)) = 5 · 3 − 3 · −5] [5 · 3 − 3 · −5 = 15 − −15] [15 + +15 = 30] 3(6)2(−5)(30) [(6)2 = 6 · 6 = 36] 3(36)(−5)(30) [3(36) = 108] [(108) · (−5) = −540] [(−540) · (30) = −16. PEMDAS: Evaluate the expression in the parentheses ﬁrst. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. (−8)2 − 4(3)2( 2 ) [(−8)2 = −8 · −8] [−8 · −8 = 64] 1 1 [4(3)2( 2 ) = 4 · 3 · 3 · 2 ] [ 4 · 3 = 12] [12 · 3 = 36] 1 [36 · 2 = 18] (64) − (18) 64 − 18 = 46 z2 − 4a2y = 46 1 Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Yes. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 50. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the result into the numerical expression.

You may ﬁnd that combining like terms may be easier if you do addition by changing all subtraction to addition of the following term with its sign changed. and you can think of variables as factors. as you did in Chapter 2. As you do this. a coefﬁcient is just a factor in an algebraic term. 3x and −4x are like terms but are different from 7ax or 2x3. you can multiply the factors of a term together to ﬁnd its value. When you have terms that are alike.Combining Like Terms In this chapter. as are the variable or variables in the term. When the variables are given number values. but the conﬁguration of the variables must be the same for the terms to be alike. you will recognize and combine terms with variables that are alike and link them to other terms using the arithmetic operations. You should know that ■ 3 ■ ■ the numbers in front of the variable or variables are called coefﬁcients. you can add or subtract them as if they were signed numbers. For example. You can think of an algebraic term as a series of factors with numbers. like terms can have different coefﬁcients. you will practice simplifying algebraic expressions. This Team-LRN .

sometimes it’s easier to just subtract.501 Algebra Questions strategy will continue to be shown in the answer explanations. 25 Team-LRN . You will also use the important commutative and associative properties of addition and multiplication. Tips for Combining Like Terms Distributive Property of Multiplication The distributive property of multiplication tells you how to multiply the terms inside a parentheses by the term outside the parentheses. See the Tips for Combining Like Terms. Study the following general and speciﬁc examples. Now look at the following examples: Commutative Property of Addition a+b=b+a This equation reminds us that terms being combined by addition can change their location (commute). but the value of the expression remains the same. Another important and useful property is the distributive property. But as you either know or are beginning to see. Commutative Property of Multiplication x·y=y·x This equation reminds us that the order in which we multiply expressions can change without changing the value of the result. a(b + c) = ab + ac a(b − c) = ab − ac (b + c)a = ba + ca 4(6 + 3) = 4 · 6 + 4 · 3 = 24 + 12 = 36 (−5 + 8)3 = −5 · 3 + 8 · 3 = −15 + 24 = 9 7(10 + 3) = 7 · 10 + 7 · 3 = 70 + 21 = 91 3(x + 2y) = 3 · x + 3 · 2y = 3x + 6y a(b − 5d) = a · b − a · 5d = ab − 5ad Numerical examples of the commutative properties for addition and multiplication were given in the Tips for Working with Integers.

While it may not seem relevant yet. as you go through the practice exercises you will see how each of these properties will come into play as we simplify algebraic expressions by combining like terms. n = +n A term without a sign in front of it is considered to be positive.501 Algebra Questions Associative Property of Addition (q + r) + s = q + (r + s) This equation reminds us that when you are performing a series of additions of terms. 26 Team-LRN . a variable by itself is understood to mean one of that term. a − b. Look at the expressions on either side of the equal signs. Which one looks simpler? Of course. Associative Property of Multiplication (d · e) · f = d · (e · f ) This equation reminds us that you can multiply three or more terms in any order without changing the value of the result. it’s the last. you can associate any term with any other and the result will be the same. Identity Property of Addition n+0=n Identity Property of Multiplication n·1=n Term Equivalents x=1·x For purposes of combining like terms. Clarity is valued in mathematics. Writing expressions as simply as possible is always appreciated. a + −b = a − +b = a − b Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term.

−7(c − 2d) + 21c − 3(d − 5) 71. a(a + 4) + 3a2 − 2a + 10 67. 6(m − 3n) + 3m(n + 5) − 2n(3 − m) 73. 7a + 6b + 3a 53. 11(4m + 5) + 3(−3m + 8) 59. 2x − x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x − y) 70. 51. 4x + 2y − x + 3y 54. 8s − 3r + 5(2r − s) 64. 64 + 5(n − 8) + 12n − 24 60. −7(a + b) +12a − 16b 62. 3h + 5 + 2w − 3 + h 56. 6(3m − 12) − 4(9m + 8) 65. 9(x − 6) + x(3 − x) 68. 2(3a + 4b) + 7(a − b) 58. 5(3x − y) + x(5 + 2y) − 4(3 + x) 72. 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m 55. 14 + 9(2w + 7) − 2(6 − w) 63. 4(x + 2y) + 2(x + y) 57. 3r2 + r(2 − r) + 6(r + 4) 69. 3a + 4a + 9a 52.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions by combining like terms. 4(x + y − 4) + 6(2 − 3y) 61. 5(15 − 2j ) + 11(7j − 3) 66. 8(2a − b − 3c) + 3(2a − b) − 4(6 − b) 27 Team-LRN . 9(2x − t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) 74. 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 − a)} + 5a2 75.

Substitute the results into the original expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 53. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. or [ ]. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. 51. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Add like terms. Regardless of what symbol is used. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 52. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Use the commutative property of addition to (3a + 4a) + 9a [3a + 4a = 7a] (7a) + 9a 7a + 9a = 16a 3a + 4a + 9a = 16a move like terms together. Add like terms. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). { }. Substitute. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x + 2y + (−x) + 3y 4x + (−x) + 2y + 3y (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) [4x + −x = +3x = 3x] [2y + 3y = 5y] (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) = (3x) + (5y) 4x + 2y − x + 3y = 3x + 5y 28 Team-LRN . Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. ( ). Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms. Add like terms. Use the associative property of addition. Change subtraction to addition and 7a + 3a + 6b (7a + 3a) + 6b [(7a + 3a) = 10a] (10a) + 6b 7a + 6b + 3a = 10a + 6b change the sign of the term that follows.

Use the associative property for addition.501 Algebra Questions 54. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 56. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 27 + −3m + 12 + −5m 27 + 12 + −3m + −5m (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) [27 + 12 = 39] [−3m + −5m = −8m] (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) = (39) + (−8m) 39 − +8m = 39 − 8m 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m = 39 − 8m 3h + 5 + 2w + (−3) + h 3h + h + 2w + 5 + −3 (3h + h) + 2w + (5 + −3) [(3h + h) = 4h] [(5 + −3) = 2] (4h) + 2w + (2) 4h + 2w + 2 55. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Add like terms. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: [4(x + 2y) = 4 · x + 4 · 2y] [4x + 8y] [2(x + y) = 2 · x + 2 · y] [2x + 2y] (4x + 8y) + (2x + 2y) (4x + 2x + 8y + 2y (4x + 2x) + (8y + 2y) [4x + 2x = 6x] [8y + 2y = 10y] (6x) + (10y) 6x + 10y 29 Team-LRN . Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the results into the expression. Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst expression. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second expression. Substitute the result into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add like terms. Add like terms. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together.

Substitute the result into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Substitute the result into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 59. Use the distributive property of [11(4m + 5) = 11 · 4m + 11 · 5] [44m + 55] [3(−3m + 8) = 3 · −3m + 3 · 8] [−9m + 24] (44m + 55) + (−9m + 24) 44m + 55 + −9m + 24 44m + −9m + 55 + 24 (44m + −9m) + (55 + 24) [44m + −9m = 35m] [55 + 24 = 79] (35m) + (79) 35m + 79 [5(n − 8) = 5 · n − 5 · 8] [5n − 40] 64 + (5n − 40) + 12n − 24 64 + 5n − 40 + 12n − 24 64 + 5n + −40 + 12n + −24 multiplication on the second term. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 58. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the distributive property of [2(3a + 4b) = 2 · 3a + 2 · 4b] [6a + 8b] [7(a − b) = 7 · a − 7 · b] [7a − 7b] (6a + 8b) + (7a − 7b) 6a + 8b + 7a − 7b 6a + 8b + 7a + (−7b) 6a + 7a + 8b + (−7b) (6a + 7a) + (8b + −7b) [6a + 7a = 13a] [8b + −7b = b] (13a) + (b) 13a + b multiplication on the ﬁrst term.501 Algebra Questions 57. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the result into the expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. Add like terms. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. 30 Team-LRN . Add like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the result into the expression. Parentheses are no longer needed.

Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 60. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Substitute the results into the expression. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x − 14y − 4 31 Team-LRN . 4x + (−14y) + (−4) Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of 5n + 12n + 64 + −40 + −24 (5n + 12n) + (64 + −40 + −24) [5n + 12n = 17n] [64 + −40 + −24 = 64 +(−40 + −24)] [64 + −64 = 0] (17n) + (0) 17n [4(x + y − 4) = 4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4] [4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4 = 4x + 4y − 16] [6(2 − 3y) = 6 · 2 − 6 · 3y = 12 − 18y] (4x + 4y − 16) + (12 − 18y) 4x + 4y − 16 + 12 − 18y multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Add like terms. Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms. Use the associative property for addition.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Add like terms. 4x + 4y + −18y + −16 + 12 4x + (4y + −18y) + (−16 + 12) [4y + −18y = −14y] [−16 + 12 = 12 + −16 = −4] Substitute the results into the expression. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the associative property for addition.

(20w) + (65) Parentheses are no longer needed. [−2(6 + −w) = −2 · 6 + −2 · −w] Notice the result of multiplication for opposite and like-signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 14 + 9(2w + 7) + −2(6 + −w) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. [9(2w + 7) = 9 · 2w + 9 · 7] [9 · 2w + 9 · 7 = 18w + 63] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Substitute the results into the expression. [14 + 63 + −12 = 77 + −12 = 65] Substitute the results into the expression. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the associative property for addition. 14 + 18w + 63 + −12 + +2w Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. 14 + (18w + 63) + (−12 + +2w) Parentheses are no longer needed. [−2 · 6 + −2 · −w = −12 + +2w] Substitute the results into the original expression. 18w + +2w + 14 + 63 + −12 Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow.501 Algebra Questions 61. 62. (18w + +2w) + (14 + 63 + −12) Add like terms. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Change subtraction to addition and [−7(a + b) = −7 · a + −7 · b] (−7a + −7b) + 12a − 16b −7a + −7b + 12a − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b + −16b (12a + −7a) + (−7b + −16b) [12a + −7a = 5a] [−7b + −16b = −23b] (5a) + (−23b) 5a − 23b change the sign of the terms that follow. Add like terms. Substitute the results into the expression. [18w + +2w = 20w] Add from left to right. 20w + 65 32 Team-LRN .

Parentheses are no longer needed. Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Either of the last two expressions is correct.501 Algebra Questions 63. Substitute the results into the expression. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the commutative property of addition. 64. Change subtraction to addition and change 8s + −3r + 5(2r + −s) [5(2r + −s) = 5 · 2r + 5 · −s] [5 · 2r + 5 · −s = 10r + −5s] 8s + −3r + (10r + −5s) 8s + −3r + 10r + −5s 8s + −5s + 10r + −3r (8s + −5s) + (10r + −3r) [8s + −5s = 3s] [10r + −3r = 7r] (3s) + (7r) 3s + 7r 6(3m + −12) + −4(9m + 8) [6(3m + −12) = 6 · 3m + 6 · −12] [6 · 3m + 6 · −12 = 18m + −72] [−4(9m + 8) = −4 · 9m + −4 · 8] [−4 · 9m + −4 · 8 = −36m + −32] (18m + −72) + (−36m + −32) 18m + −72 + −36m + −32 18m + −36m + −72 + −32 (18m + −36m) + (−72 + −32) [18m + −36m = −18m] [−72 + −32 = −104] (−18m) + (−104) −18m + −104 −18m −104 the sign of the terms that follow. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. but the second is the simpler. Add terms using the rules for terms with the same signs. Add like terms. Substitute the results into the expression. Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Parentheses are no longer needed. 33 − +104 + −18m − (+18m) − 18m −104 −104 Team-LRN .

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. [5(15 + −2j ) = 5 · 15 + 5 · −2j] [5 · 15 + 5 · −2j = 75 + −10j] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Parentheses are no longer needed. 77j + −10j + 75 + −33 Use the associative property for addition. 75 + −10j + 77j + −33 Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. [75 + −33 = +42] Substitute the results into the expression. [11(7j + −3) = 11 · 7j + 11 · −3] [11 · 7j + 11 · −3 = 77j + −33] Substitute the results into the expression. (67j ) + (42) Parentheses are no longer needed. [77j + −10j = +67j ] Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the associative property for addition.501 Algebra Questions 65. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with the same signs. 5(15 + −2j ) + 11(7j + −3) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. (75 + −10j ) + (77j + −33) Parentheses are no longer needed. 67j + 42 a(a + 4) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 [a(a + 4) = a · a + a · 4] [a · a + a · 4 = a2 + 4a] (a2 + 4a) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 4a + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 3a2 + 4a + −2a + 10 (a2 + 3a2) + (4a + −2a) + 10 [a2 + 3a2 = 4a2] [4a + −2a = 2a] (4a2) + (2a) + 10 4a2 + 2a + 10 66. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property for multiplication for the second term. Parentheses are no longer needed. (77j + −10j ) + (75 + −33) Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Add the second term using the rules for terms with different signs. 34 Team-LRN .

Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the associative property for addition. Use the associative property for addition. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Parentheses are no longer needed. Add the second term using the rules for terms with the same signs. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Remove the parentheses. 3r2 + r (2 + −r) + 6(r + 4) [r (2 + −r) = r · 2 + r · −r] [r · 2 + r · −r = 2r + −r2] [6(r + 4) = 6 · r + 6 · 4] [6 · r + 6 · 4 = 6r + 24] 3r2 + (2r + −r2) + (6r + 24) 3r2 + 2r + −r2 + 6r + 24 3r2 + −r2 + 2r + 6r + 24 (3r2 + −r2) + (2r + 6r) + 24 [3r2 + −r2 = 2r2] [2r + 6r = 8r] (2r2) + (8r) + 24 2r2 + 8r + 24 35 Team-LRN . Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with different signs. 68. Use the commutative property of addition to put the terms in exponential order.501 Algebra Questions 67. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Change subtraction to addition and change 9(x + −6) + x(3 + −x) [9(x + −6) = 9 · x + 9 · −6] [9 · x + 9 · −6 = 9x + −54] [x(3 + −x) = x · 3 + x · −x] [x · 3 + x · −x = 3x + −x2] (9x + −54) + (3x + −x2) 9x + −54 + 3x + −x2 9x + 3x + −54 + −x2 (9x + 3x) + −54 + −x2 (12x) + −54 + −x2 12x − (+54) + −x2 −x2 + 12x − 54 the sign of the terms that follow. Add terms in parentheses using the rules for terms with the same signs. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Remove the parentheses.

Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the associative and commutative properties for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term.501 Algebra Questions 69. Add the second set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Substitute the results into the expression. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Remove the parentheses. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the last expression. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition to move terms together. 70. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the fourth term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Change subtraction to addition and the 2x + −x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x + −y) [−x(5 + y) = −x · 5 + −x · y] [−x · 5 + −x · y = −5x + −xy] [4(2x + −y) = 4 · 2x + 4 · −y] [4 · 2x + 4 · −y = 8x + −4y] 2x + (−5x + −xy) + 3xy + (8x + −4y) 2x + −5x + −xy + 3xy + 8x + −4y (2x + −5x + 8x) + (−xy + 3xy) + (−4y) [2x + −5x + 8x = 5x] [−xy + 3xy = 2xy] (−5x) + (2xy) + (−4y) 5x + 2xy −4y −7(c sign of the terms that follow. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Add the ﬁrst set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. + −2d) + 21c + −3(d + −5) [−7(c + −2d) = −7 · c + −7 · −2d ] [−7 · c + −7 · −2d = −7c + +14d ] [−3(d + −5) = −3 · d + −3 · −5] [−3 · d + −3 · −5 = −3d + +15] (−7c + +14d) + 21c + (−3d + +15) −7c + +14d + 21c + −3d + +15 21c + −7c + +14d + −3d + +15 (21c + −7c) + (+14d + −3d) + +15 (14c) + (11d) + 15 14c + 11d + 15 36 Team-LRN .

5(3x + −y) + x(5 + 2y) + −4(3 + x) [5(3x + −y) = 5 · 3x + 5 · −y] [5 · 3x + 5 · −y = 15x + −5y] [x(5 + 2y) = x · 5 + x · 2y] [x · 5 + x · 2y = 5x + 2xy] [−4(3 + x) = −4 · 3 + −4 · x] [−4 · 3 + −4 · x = −12 + −4x] (15x + −5y)+ (5x + 2xy) + (−12 + −4x) 15x + −5y+ 5x + 2xy + −12 + −4x (15x + 5x + −4x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) − (+5y) + 2xy − (+12) 16x − 5y + 2xy − 12 37 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Substitute the results into the original expression. Use the associative property for addition.501 Algebra Questions 71. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Remove the parentheses. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together.

[6(m + −3n) = 6 · m + 6 · −3n] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. (21m) + (5mn) + (−24n) Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. 21m + 5mn − 24n 73. 6m + −18n + 3mn + 15m + −6n + +2mn Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [6 · m + 6 · −3n = 6m + −18n] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the associative property for addition. [−2n(3 + −m) = −2n · 3 + −2n · −m] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [3m · n + 3m · 5 = 3mn + 15m] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Substitute the results into the expression. [−2n · 3 + −2n · −m = −6n + +2mn] Substitute the results into the original expression. 6(m + −3n) + 3m(n + 5) + −2n(3 + −m) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. [3m(n + 5) = 3m · n + 3m · 5] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. (6m + −18n) + (3mn + 15m) + (−6n + +2mn) Remove the parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow.501 Algebra Questions 72. 9(2x + −t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) [9(2x + −t) = 9 · 2x + 9 · −t] [9 · 2x + 9 · −t = 18x + −9t] [x(−4 + 5t) = x · −4 + x · 5t] [x · −4 + x · 5t = −4x + 5xt] (18x + −9t) + 23xt + (−4x + 5xt) 18x + −9t + 23xt + −4x + 5xt 38 Team-LRN . (6m + 15m) + (3mn + +2mn) + (−6n + −18n) Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms.

Add like terms. Remove the parentheses. Remove the parentheses. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. 39 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Simplify the term inside the outer parentheses ﬁrst. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Substitute the results into the expression. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the associative property for addition.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Substitute into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. 18x + −4x + −18t + 23xt + 5xt (18x + −4x) + −9t + (23xt + 5xt) (14x) + −9t + (28xt) 14x − +9t + 28xt 14x − 9t + 28xt 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)} + 5a2 [2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)] [2a(a + 3) = 2a · a + 2a · 3] [2a · a + 2a · 3 = 2a2 + 6a] [6(4 + −a) = 6 · 4 + 6 · −a] [6 · 4 + 6 · −a = 24 + −6a] [(2a2 + 6a) + (24 + −6a)] [2a2 + 6a + 24 + −6a] [2a2 + 6a + −6a + 24] [2a2 + (6a + −6a) + 24] [2a2 + (0) + 24] [2a2 + 24] 4{2a2 + 24} + 5a2 [4 · 2a2 + 4 · 24] [8a2 + 96] (8a2 + 96) + 5a2 8a2 + 96 + 5a2 8a2 + 5a2 + 96 (8a2 + 5a2) + 96 13a2 + 96 74. Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the identity property of addition.

Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Substitute the results into the expression.501 Algebra Questions 75. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. 8(2a + −b + −3c) + 3(2a + −b) + −4(6 + −b) [8(2a + −b + −3c) = 8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c] [8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c = 16a + −8b + −24c] [3(2a + −b) = 3 · 2a + 3 · −b] [3 · 2a + 3 · −b = 6a + −3b] [−4(6 + −b) = −4 · 6 + −4 · −b] [−4 · 6 + −4 · −b = −24 + +4b] (16a + −8b + −24c) + (6a + −3b) + (−24 + +4b) 16a + −8b + −24c + 6a + −3b + −24 + +4b 16a + 6a + −8b + −3b + +4b + −24c + −24 (16a + 6a) + (−8b + −3b + +4b) + −24c + −24 (22a) + (−7b) + −24c + −24 22a − 7b − 24c − 24 40 Team-LRN . Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term.

If you add or subtract an amount from one side of the equation. that is what you have done when you have the variable on one side of the equal sign and a number on the other. An equation is a mathematical statement where two expressions are set equal to each other. you must do the same to the other side to maintain the equality. But they all rely on the same rules. The inverse of addition is subtraction. you can manipulate the equation to ﬁnd a solution. 4 Tips for Solving Basic Equations ■ ■ If a number is being added to or subtracted from a term on one side of an equation. you can eliminate that number by performing the inverse operation. Using logic and mathematical operations. Team-LRN . There will be different solutions to similar problems to show a variety of methods for solving equations. Simply put. The inverse of subtraction is addition. The answer explanations will show and identify all the steps you will need to solve basic equations.Solving Basic Equations Solving equations is not very different from working with numerical or algebraic expressions. Look over the Tips for Solving Basic Equations before you begin this chapter’s questions.

2a = 18 87. The inverse of division is multiplication. a + 16 = 30 77. b − 2 = − 3 84. 94.8 92. 95.2c = 5. If b is a number ≠ 0. −3y 3 1 5 2 1 = 18 89. If a number is dividing a variable. Just remember that you must do it to both sides. If a variable is being multiplied by a coefﬁcient. you can multiply the term by the number. If a is a number ≠ 0. y + 17 = −12 79. leaving you with y one of the variables. b − 24 = 86 80. 27b = 9 90. s − −3 = −1 82. the value on the other side is your solution. x − 25 = 32 78. 12 − c = −9 81. 76. 93. x 9 = 16 y − −4 = 12 2 3 a = 54 8 − 5 b = 56 42 Team-LRN . then ax ÷ a = x.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ The inverse of multiplication is division. a + 1 4 = 6 4 83. leaving you with just one of the variables. then b( b ) = y. You can perform any operation to a term in an equation. 0. c − 4( 2 − 5) = 20 85. 4x = −20 88. m + 2(5 − 24) = −76 86. you can eliminate the coefﬁcient by dividing both sides of the equation by that coefﬁcient. 45r = −30 91. When you have the variable isolated on one side of the equation.

What was the suggested selling price of the car? 97. How many turtles must have been born if the current number of breeding adults is 1. This year a farmer planted 300 acres of corn.000 bonus check from her company at the end of the year.000 for his new car. how many bears were in each packing crate? 98. After putting 324 teddy bears into packing crates. there were 54 crates ﬁlled with bears. Only 2% of turtle hatchlings will live to become breeding adults.5 times as many acres as he planted last year. A business executive received a $6. How much was her annual salary before receiving the bonus? 43 Team-LRN . How many acres did he plant this year? 100. This was 8 the suggested selling price of 7 the car. If each crate contained the same number of bears.501 Algebra Questions 96.200? 99. Jack paid $21. This was 1. This was 5% of her annual salary.

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. Associate like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add 25 to each side of the equation. a + (16 − 16) = (30 − 16) a + (0) = (14) a = 14 25 + x − 25 = 32 + 25 x + 25 − 25 = 32 + 25 x + (25 − 25) = (32 + 25) x + (0) = (57) x = 57 y + 17 − 17 = −12 − 17 y + (17 − 17) = (−12 − 17) y + (17 + −17) = (−12 + −17) y + (0) = −29 y = −29 b + −24 = 86 b + −24 + +24 = 86 + +24 b + (−24 + 24) = (86 + 24) b + (0) = 110 b = 110 Use the commutative property for addition. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Zero is the identity element for addition. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Add +24 to each side of the equation. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. { }.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. 44 Team-LRN . Zero is the identity element for addition. Regardless of what symbol is used. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. 77. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. 78. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Associate like terms. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 79. or [ ]. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 76. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. ( ). perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward.

Associate like terms. Add +9 to each side of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Zero is the identity element for addition. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. Subtract − 2 from both sides of the equation. 5 45 Team-LRN . Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers.501 Algebra Questions 80. Associate like terms. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 83. Associate like terms. Subtracting zero is the same as adding zero. Change subtraction to addition and change the 12 + −c = −9 12 + −c + +c = −9 + +c 12 + (−c + +c) = −9 + +c 12 + (0) = −9 + c 12 = −9 + c +9 + 12 = +9 + −9 + c (+9 + 12) = (+9 + −9) + c (21) = (0) + c 21 = c s + +3 = −1 s + +3 + −3 = −1 + −3 s + (+3 + −3) = −1 + −3 s + (0) = (−4) s = −4 a + 1 4 + −1 4 = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (1 4 + −1 4 ) = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (0) = 4 2 a = 42 b + −2 = −3 b + −2 − −2 = −3 − −2 b + (− 2 − − 2 ) = − 3 − − 2 b + (− 2 + + 2 ) = − 3 + + 2 b + (0) = b = 16 5 11 6 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 3 3 1 3 3 3 1 3 sign of the term that follows. Add −3 to each side of the equation. 3 Associate like terms. Add +c to each side of the equation. 81. Add −1 4 to each side of the equation. Change the improper fraction to a mixed number. 82. Zero is the identity element for addition.

Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. 90. Divide both sides of the equation by −3. Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 2.501 Algebra Questions 84. 89. 86. Divide both sides of the equation by 27. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Another look for this solution method is as follows: 88. Divide both sides of the equation by 45. Zero is the identity element for addition. m + (2 · 5 − 2 · 24) = −76 Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Perform the operation in parentheses. 4x ÷ 4 = −20 ÷ 4 x = −20 ÷ 4 x = −5 =−4 x = −5 4x 4 20 −3y −3 = Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Subtract 18 from both sides of the equation. c + −4( 2 + −5) = 20 1 c + (−4 · 2 + −4 · −5) = 20 c + (−2 + +20) = 20 c + (18) = 20 c + 18 − 18 = 20 − 18 c + (18 − 18) = 20 − 18 c+0=2 c=2 m + (10 − 48) = −76 m + −38 + +38 = −76 + +38 m + (−38 + +38) = −76 + +38 m + (0) = −38 m = −38 2a ÷ 2 = 18 ÷ 2 a = 18 ÷ 2 a=9 = 2 a=9 2a 2 18 1 85. Perform the operation in parentheses. y= y = −6 27b 27 18 −3 18 −3 = 9 27 1 3 9 27 b= Reduce fractions to their simplest form. The order of operations is to multiply ﬁrst. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. r= −30 45 45 3 46 Team-LRN . b= 45r 45 = −2 −30 r= Reduce fractions to their simplest form (common factor of 15). Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Another method is as follows: 87. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Add +38 to each side of the equation.

8 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal.000 · x = $24. 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 5 . Multiply both sides of the equation by −4.2 Divide. Let x = the suggested selling price of the car. 94. So your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 7 8.000. There are several ways to multiply fractions and whole numbers. 95.000 7 7 8 47 Team-LRN .000 ÷ 7 x = 21. The 7 5 1 · 8 −280 8 ﬁrst and second sentences tell you that 8 of the suggested price = $21. 92. ÷ 8 = 21. Here’s one. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. = −56 ÷ 8 b = −56 ÷ 5 ÷ b = −56 · b= −56 8 5 8 5 5 8 b= b = −35 96. y Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. 93.8 0.000 8 7 7 8x 7 8x = $21. Divide both sides of the equation by 3 .501 Algebra Questions 91.000 ÷ 8 x = 21. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. 2 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal.2 c = 29 9( 9 ) = 9(16) x = 9(16) x = 144 · −4 = −4 · −12 y = −4 · −12 y = +48 = 48 ÷ 3 = 54 ÷ 2 a = 54 ÷ 3 a = 54 · a = 81 8 5b 3 2 2 3a 2 2 3 −4 x Multiply. c = 0. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9.2c 0.8 5.2.2 = 5.

0.5c = 300 1.02 t = 1. Five percent of her 1. Let t = the number of turtle hatchlings born. so the equation becomes Divide both sides of the equation by 0.000.02.02 Divide. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.05 d = $120.02t = 1.05 = 6. 54b = 324 54b ÷ 54 = 324 ÷ 54 b = 324 ÷ 54 b=6 The ﬁrst sentence tells you that only 2% survive to adulthood. 1. Your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 54. Let b = the number of bears in each packing crate. Divide both sides of the equation by 1.200.501 Algebra Questions 97.200 ÷ 0.5 c = 300 ÷ 1. 0.5 times c is 300.02 = 1.02.5 c ÷ 1.05d ÷ 0.05.000 99. The ﬁrst sentence tells you that the number of packing crates times the number of bears in each is equal to the total number of bears.02t ÷ 0. Your equation will be: The numerical equivalent of 5% is 0. t = 60.000 ÷ 0.200 The numerical equivalent of 2% is 0. 100. Two percent of the turtles born is 1. Your equation will be: (2%)t = 1. Let d = her annual salary. so the equation becomes 0.5 c = 200 salary equals her yearly bonus. Divide.5 = 300 ÷ 1.200. 98.000 ÷ 0.05d = 6. (5%)d = $6. Divide.000 0.200 ÷ 0. Let c = the number of acres he planted last year.5.05 d = 6. Divide.05.000 48 Team-LRN .

as in 10 ÷ 2 = 5. so you should get used to either one.Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving multi-step equations simply combines the work you have done in the previous chapters. In algebra. Just substitute the value you ﬁnd for the variable and work Team-LRN . Check your answers before looking at the answer solutions. Both conventions will be used in the answers. Or it can be shown using a fraction 10 bar like this: 10 ÷ 2 = 2 = 5. this becomes confusing. The solution techniques for the two types of basic equations you worked on in Chapter 4 are both utilized in the equations in this chapter. Use and get used to both. 5 Tips for Solving Multi-Step Equations ■ ■ ■ There are at least two ways to show multiplication. In equations. or with parentheses like this: 5(3) = 15. You may be used to seeing multiplication shown with an × like this: 5 × 3 = 15. the convention is to show multiplication with either a · like this: 5 · 3 = 15. Similarly. division can be shown using the standard division symbol ÷.

3x − 9 = 15 104. 106. 10a + 5 = 7 110.3a + 0. 9 ÷ 3 = 9( 2 ). Then write the equation based on the information stated in the problem. 36 = 3a − 9 108. 4m − 14 = 50 115.7 = 3 = 25 − s 119. 10s − 6 = 0 118. 4x + 3 = 11 102. −55 50 Team-LRN . 5x − 6 = −26 105. Find the solutions to the following equations. your solution is correct.5 117. 8s − 5 = 35 120. 2 3m + 8 = 20 3 112. x 3 x 7 + 4 = 10 −5=1 107. 13x + 21 = 60 103.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ each side of the equation as if it were a numerical expression. let the unknown quantity be equal to the variable. If the quantities you ﬁnd are equal.25 = 1 111. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. 101. 41 − 2m = 61 114. 0. 4 = 4a + 20 109. For 2 3 example. 7m − 6 = −2. 2m 5 + 16 = 24 116. To write an equation for a word problem. s 4 + 2. 9 = 4 m − 3 113.

This was $8 less than three times its value at the beginning of the year. Mary earns $1. He expects it to gain 12 pounds per month. At year’s end. How many months will it be before he will sell the animal? 122.5 times her former salary by changing jobs. She earned $64. What is Bill’s hourly wage? 123. a share of stock in Axon Corporation was worth $37. What was the price of a share of Axon stock at the beginning of the year? 124.000 more than 1.50 less than twice Bill’s hourly wage. He will sell it when it weighs 200 lbs.50 per hour.501 Algebra Questions Solve the following word problems by letting a variable equal the unknown quantity. and then solving the equation. If the number of girls participating is 105. What was her salary at her previous employment? 125.000 at her new job. making an equation from the information given. A farmer is raising a hog that weighed 20 lbs. 121. Jennifer earned $4. Twenty-ﬁve more girls than 3 the number of boys participate in inter2 scholastic sports at a local high school. Mary earns $12. when he bought it. how many boys participate? 51 Team-LRN .

Divide both sides of the equation by 3. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Add 9 to each side of the equation. Add 6 to each side of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 13. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. or [ ]. 103. { }. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. ( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Associate like terms. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Perform numerical operations. 4x + 3 − 3 = 11 − 3 4x + (3 − 3) = (11 − 3) 4x + (0) = (8) 4x = 8 4x ÷ 4 = 8 ÷ 4 x=2 13x + 21 − 21 = 60 − 21 13x + (21 − 21) = (60 − 21) 13x + (0) = (39) 13x = 39 13x ÷ 13 = 39 ÷ 13 x=3 3x − 9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + −9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + (−9 + 9) = 15 + 9 3x + (0) = 24 3x = 24 3x ÷ 3 = 24 ÷ 3 x=8 5x − 6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + −6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + (−6 + 6) = −26 + 6 5x + (0) = −20 5x = −20 5x ÷ 5 = −20 ÷ 5 x = −4 Associate like terms. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Perform numerical operations. 102. Regardless of what symbol is used. 101. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Divide both sides of the equation by 4.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 104. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 52 Team-LRN . Zero is the identity element for addition. Subtract 21 from both sides of the equation. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.

Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Add 9 to each side of the equation. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. 108.2 or 10a 10 2 1 5 53 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Multiply both sides of the equation by 3. Multiply both sides of the equation by 7. Zero is the identity element for addition. =6 x 7( 7 ) = 7(6) x = 42 36 + 9 = 3a − 9 + 9 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 45 = 3a + (0) 45 = 3a 45 ÷ 3 = 3a ÷ 3 15 = a 4 − 20 = 4a + 20 − 20 4 − 20 = 4a + (20 − 20) −16 = 4a + (0) −16 = 4a = 4 −4 = a 4 −16 107. Perform numerical operations. 10a + 5 − 5 = 7 − 5 10a + (5 − 5) = 7 − 5 10a + (0) = 2 10a = 2 = 10 a = 0. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations. 4a 109. Add 5 to each side of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations. Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions 105. x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 + 4 − 4 = 10 − 4 + (4 − 4) = 10 − 4 + (0) = 6 Associate like terms. =6 x 3( 3 ) = 3(6) x = 18 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 106. Associate like terms. Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. −5+5=1+5 + −5 + 5 = 1 + 5 + (−5 + 5) = 1 + 5 + (0) = 6 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations.

54 Team-LRN .3. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition.25 0. 111. 3 3 3 4 3 (12) 4 3 Associate like terms. = 20 = 20 −2 m = −10 4m − 14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + −14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + (−14 + 14) = 50 + 14 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms.25 0.75 0.3a 0. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 the reciprocal of 3 .25 − 0. 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m + 8 − 8 = 20 − 8 + (8 − 8) = 20 − 8 + (0) = 12 = 12 3 = 2 (12) m = 18 9 + 3 = 4m − 3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + −3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + (−3 + 3) 12 = 4 m + (0) 12 = 4 m = 3 ( 4 m) 16 = m 41 − 41 − 2m = 61 − 41 (41 − 41) − 2m = 61 − 41 (0) − 2m = 20 −2m = 20 −2m −2m −2 3 2 2 ( 3 m) 3 3 3 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add 14 to each side of the equation.3a + (0.3a = 0. Subtract 0.25 − 0. 112.5 0.75 = 0. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. 0. 113. Zero is the identity element for addition. You can change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the term following to its opposite. which in this case is −2m.3a + (0) = 0. Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations.75 Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by Use the rules for operating with signed numbers.3 0. Perform numerical operations.501 Algebra Questions 110. Simplify the result. Perform numerical operations.3a + 0. Multiply both sides of the equation by the reciprocal of 4 . Subtract 41 from both sides of the equation. −2.25 from both sides of the equation.3 a = 2. Perform numerical operations. Add 3 to both sides of the equation. 114.25 = 1 − 0.25) = 1 − 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.

Add 6 to each side of the equation. = 2 m = 20 = ( 5 )m. 5 2 = ( 2 )8 m = 20 7m − 6 + 6 = −2. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. 55 = 3 5 6 10 s= = 0.5 + 6 7m + (0) = 3.5 = 7 m = 0.5 + 6 7m + (−6 + 6) = −2.6 Team-LRN . Perform numerical operations. 2m 5 + 16 − 16 = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (16 − 16) = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (0) = 8 2m 5 =8 2m 5( 5 ) = 5(8) 5 2m 1 ( 5 ) = 40 5 · 2m 1 · 5 = 40 10m 5 2m 2 2m 5 = 40 40 2m = 40 Divide both sides by 2. Associate like terms. 117. There are two methods for solving. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. Add 6 to each side of the equation. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Zero is the identity element for addition. Express the answer in the simplest form. This equation presents a slightly different look. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.5 7m 7 3.5 + 6 7m + −6 + 6 = −2. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. 4m + (0) = 64 4m = 64 = 4 m = 16 4m 4 64 115. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations. Or you can recognize that Then you would multiply by the reciprocal of the coefﬁcient. Multiply both sides of the equation by 5. Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. The variable in the numerator has a coefﬁcient.5 5 2 2 ( 5 )m 116. Perform numerical operations. Use rules for multiplying whole numbers and fractions. 10s − 6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + −6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + (−6 + 6) = 0 + 6 10s + (0) = 6 10s 10 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.

50 56 Team-LRN .50 + 1.50 + 1. Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations.50 to both sides of the equation.3) s = 1. You are to solve for s. 4( 4 ) = 4(0. Express the answer in simplest form. Associate like terms. will be equal to 200 pounds. Perform numerical operations. 2x − 1. 120.7 = 3 − 2. Perform numerical operations. Let x = Bill’s hourly wage. Subtract 2. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation. Then 2x less $1.50 = 12.7 + (0) = 0. 80 = s 121.7) = 3 − 2. s 4 s 4 s 4 + 2. Let x = the number of months.50 is equal to Mary’s hourly wage. Divide both sides of the equation by 8.50. times 12 (pounds per month). 8s 8 40 − 25 = 25 − 25 − s Change subtraction to addition and change −55 + −25 = 25 + −25 + −s the sign of the term that follows. An equation that represents these words would be Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation.7 − 2. 12x + 20 = 200. but the term remaining is −s. 2x − 1.7 from both sides of the equation. plus the starting weight (20). Use the rules for operating with signed numbers. −80 = −s Zero is the identity element for addition.3 s Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 12. (−55 + −25) = (25 + −25) + −s −80 = (0) + −s Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms. Add 5 to each side of the equation.7 + (2. Multiply both sides of the equation by 4.7 − 2.2 8s − 5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + −5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + (−5 + 5) = 35 + 5 8s + (0) = 40 = 8 s=5 −55 119. 122. 12x + 20 − 20 = 200 − 20 12x + (20 − 20) = 200 − 20 12x + (0) = 180 12x 12 180 = 12 x = 15 The farmer would have to wait 15 months before selling his hog. you −1(−80) = −1(−s) will be left with a +s or just s.50 = 12. The equation representing the last statement would be Add 1.501 Algebra Questions 118. The number of months (x). Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. If you multiply both sides by −1.

An equation that represents this statement is Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation. Multiply by the reciprocal of 3 .000 − 4. it will equal $37. 3x − 8 = 37. 1. The number of boys who participate is 120.5x equation by 1.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations.000 − 4.000 = 1.5x Divide both sides of the 60. Let x = the number of boys who participate in interscholastic sports. Let x = the share price at the beginning of the year. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. An algebraic equation to represent this statement is 64. The statements tell us that $64. Perform numerical operations.5x + 4. An equation that represents this amount is Add 8 to both sides of the equation.000 from both sides of the equation.000 Perform numerical operations.000 1.000 is equal to 1. The statements tell us that if we multiply the share price at the beginning of the year by 3 and then subtract $8. 2 2 3 x + 25 = 105. 3x − 8 + 8 = 37 + 8 3x = 45 3x 3 45 = 3 x = 15 One share of Axon cost $15 at the beginning of the year.5. Let x = her previous salary.00 per hour. Subtract 4.000 = 1.000 per year.000. Divide both sides of the equation by 2.5 40. Perform numerical operations. 124.00 123. 2 3 x + 25 − 25 = 2 3 x = 80 3 2 3 2 ( 3 x) = 2 (80) 105 − 25 x = 120 57 Team-LRN . 125.000 = x Jennifer’s former salary was $40.00 2x 2 14.5 times x plus $4.000.5x + 4. 2x = 14. 60.000 = 1. The question tells us 2 that 3 the number of boys plus 25 is equal to the number of girls who participate.00 = 2 x = 7.5 = 1. 64. Bill’s hourly wage is $7.

And it demonstrates your mastery of the processes involved in doing algebra. 6 Tips for Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of the Equation Use the distributive property of multiplication to expand and separate terms.Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of an Equation If you have been solving the problems in this book with some success. If your sequence of steps is not identical to the solution shown. Then check your answers with the solutions provided. There is often more than one way to ﬁnd a solution. you will move easily into this chapter. Team-LRN . that’s all right. and refer to the answer explanations as you try and solve the equations by yourself. Work through the questions carefully. but you are getting the correct answers. Notice that what follows are variations on the basic distributive property.

2 − 3x 135. 0. the solution is the null set—that is.1 = −1.2x + 11 133.501 Algebra Questions a(b − c) = ab − ac −1(b + c) = −b − c −1(b − c) = −b + c or −(b − c) = −b + c The object is to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. 20x − 11 − 3x = 9x + 43 131. 3(5x + 4) = 5x − 28 138.25 = 1. 3x − 23 = 54 − 4x 128. 13 − 8(x − 2) = 7(x + 4) + 46 139. or some number. any value can make the equation true. 12x − 4(x − 1) = 2(x − 2) + 16 59 Team-LRN .4 136. 13x + 3(3 − x) = −3(4 + 3x) − 2x 140. 3x + 12 − 0. 10x + 9 = 2x − 7 127. 2(2x + 19) − 9x = 9(13 − x) + 21 141. 5x + 3 + 6x = 10x + 9 − x 129. therefore there are an inﬁnite number of solutions. 2 + 5x − 0.15 − 2x 132. When the variable stands alone on one side of the equation. which we know is not true—there is said to be no solution for the equation. In another instance. subtract.8x − 9.4 − 0.4 + 3x − 0. In that instance. you ﬁnd that the solution seems to be the variable. In the instance where you have eliminated the variable altogether from the equation and end up with two values that do not equal each other—such as 5 = 7. multiply. is equal to itself. 7(x + 2) + 1 = 3(x + 14) − 4x 137. a set containing no elements. 126. As you begin to practice solving the following equations.2x = 10 − 0. you have found the solution.3 + 5x − 0. Stated another way. 1.3 = 4x + 2 134. There are two instances that sometimes occur when solving equations. 2x + 17 − 1. Find the solutions for the following equations.8x = 3. 10x + 27 − 5x − 46 = 32 + 3x − 19 130. remember that you can add. and divide variables on both sides of an equation just as you did with numerical values.

2x − 1) = 0. 0. 7(x − 10) + 110 = 4(x − 25) + 7x 150.8(x + 20) − 4.3(3 − 0.2x) 146. 5 2 (x − 2) + 3x = 3(x + 1 1 6( 2 x + 2 ) = 3(x + 1) 4 2) − 10 145. 144.9x 60 Team-LRN . 4(9 − x) = 2x − 6(x + 6) 148. 0.7(5 + x) − 0. 2x + 1 5 x = 1 + 3x 143. 10(x + 2) + 7(1 − x) = 3(x + 9) 147.5 = 0. 3(3x + 4) − 7 = 13(x + 1) 149.7(0.501 Algebra Questions 142.

Add 23 to both sides of the equation. Substitute −2 for x in the original equation. Solution. so this answer is a correct solution. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Simplify by combining like terms. Let’s check the answer. Identity property of 0 for addition. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. Regardless of what symbol is used. Identity property of 0 for addition. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Simplify. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. { }. 61 Team-LRN . 10x + 9 − 9 = 2x − 7 − 9 10x + (0) = 2x − 16 10x = 2x − 16 10x − 2x = 2x − 2x − 16 8x = −16 = 8 1x = −2 x = −2 8x 8 −16 10(−2) + 9 = 2(−2) − 7 −20 + 9 = −4 − 7 −11 = −11 The result is a true statement. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Now add 4x to both sides. Simplify. 126. Simplify. ( ). Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. Simplify. Simplify. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. 3x − 23 + 23 = 54 + 23 − 4x 3x + 0 = 77 − 4x 3x = 77 − 4x 3x + 4x = 77 − 4x + 4x 7x = 77 = 7 x = 11 7x 7 77 127. Simplify.

Add and subtract from left to right. 10x − 5x + 27 − 46 = 3x + 32 − 19 5x − 19 = 3x + 13 5x + 19 − 19 = 3x + 19 + 13 5x = 3x + 32 5x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 32 2x = 32 = 2 x = 16 2x 2 32 10(16) + 27 − 5(16) − 46 = 32 + 3(16) − 19 (160) + 27 − (80) − 46 = 32 + (48) − 19 62 Team-LRN . Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify. Simplify by multiplying factors. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. the solution is correct. Let’s check this answer. Simplify. 129. therefore. Use the commutative property of addition with like terms. Now subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 128. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify. Substitute 16 for x in the original equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. Add 19 to both sides of the equation. Parentheses are not needed. Subtract 3 from both sides. of addition with like terms. Use the commutative property 5x + 6x + 3 = 10x − x + 9 11x + 3 = 9x + 9 11x + 3 − 3 = 9x + 9 − 3 11x = 9x + 6 11x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 6 2x = 6 =2 x=3 2x 2 6 187 − 80 − 46 = 80 −19 107 − 46 = 61 61 = 61 The previous statement is true.

2x to both sides of the equation.15 = 1.2x 0. Add 11 to both sides of the equation. 132.8x + 17 = 21 − 0. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x 0. Use the commutative property to move 20x − 3x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x + 11 − 11 = 9x + 43 + 11 17x = 9x + 54 17x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 54 8x = 54 = 8 x = 6. Use the commutative property with = 1 5 1 5 x= like terms. Add 2x to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x + 17 − 17 = 21 − 17 − 0.15 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 2x − 1. Identity property of addition.15 − 2x 3x + (0) = 1 − 2x 3x = 1 − 2x 3x + 2x = 1 − 2x + 2x 5x = 1 5x 5 8x 8 54 like terms. Subtract 0.8x + 0.2x + 17 = 10 + 11 − 0.2x 0. Simplify.4 − 0. Simplify the expression. 131.2x 1x = 4 x=4 63 Team-LRN . Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Simplify.25 = 1. Use the commutative property to move like terms.8x = 4 − 0.2x + 0. Identity property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x = 4 − 0. Add 0.75 3x + 0.501 Algebra Questions 130. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation.15 from both sides of the equation.15 − 0.15 = 1.15 − 2x 3x + 0.2x 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 8.15 − 2x 3x + 0. Simplify.

3 Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation.15 5x + 0. 5x − 0. 0. Add 2x to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Use the commutative property with like terms. Simplify the expression. Identity property of addition.15 = 1. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Remove the parentheses.25 = 1. Simplify the expression.3 = −x equation.7 = 4x + 2 − 1.3 Let’s try this a slightly different way.3 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 5x + 1.7 − 2 = 4x + 2 − 2 Combine like terms on each side of the equation.15) = 1. Instead of adding 1.15 − 2x 3x + (0. 5x − 5x − 0.7. 5x + 1.15 − 0.4 − 0.15 5x + 0 = 1 5x = 1 =5 x = 0. −1 = −1 Dividing like signs results in a positive.7 Combine like terms and simplify the expression.3 −x the variable x which is −1.15 + 2x − 2x (3x + 2x) + 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0.3 = 4x − 5x Combine like terms on each side of the −0.4 − 0.15 from both sides of the equation.15 = 1. you can manipulate an equation many ways and still get the correct solution. x = 0. Simplify the expression. Simplify.15 − 0.15 − 2x 3x + 2x + 0.7 − 1. 64 Team-LRN .3 = x The answer will be the same.15 = 1.25) = 1. 5x = 4x + 0.3 = 4x Now subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Subtract 0. Now divide both sides by the coefﬁcient of −0.7 = 4x + 2 Subtract 1. Use the commutative property with like terms.2 5x 5 1 134.501 Algebra Questions 133. Associate like terms on each side of the equation.15 = 1. 5x + 2 − 0. try subtracting 2 from both sides of the equation.15 = 1. As long as you do proper math. Associate like terms.15 − 2x 3x + (0.3 = 4x + 2 Combine like terms and simplify the expression. 5x + 1. 5x − 4x = 4x − 4x + 0.7 from both sides of the equation. 3x + 0.15 + (2x − 2x) 5x + 0.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x 2.4 − 9.8x 2.2x + 12 = −6 − 0.8x (3x − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of 3x − 0. Associate like terms on each side of the equation. Identity property of addition.8x − 0. Simplify the expression.4 − 0.2x + (0) = (−18) − 0.2x + 12 − 12 = −6 − 12 − 0. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation.8x to both sides of the equation. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation.4) − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x 3x = −18 = 3 x = −6 3x 3 −18 multiplication. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 135. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property with like terms.8x 2.8x + 12 = 3. Use the commutative property with like terms.8x) + 12 = (3. 136. 7(x) + 7(2) + 1 = 3(x) + 3(14) − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x + 42 − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x − 4x + 42 7x + 15 = −1x + 42 7x + 15 − 15 = −1x + 42 − 15 7x = −1x + 27 7x + x = x + −1x + 27 8x = 27 8x 8 = x= 27 8 3 38 65 Team-LRN .2x = −18 − 0.8x 2. Simplify the expression.8x 2.4 − 9. Add x to both sides of the equation.2x + (12 − 12) = (−6 − 12) − 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. Simplify the expression.8x = −18 + 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Add 0.8x 2. Associate like terms on each side of the equation.2x + 0.

Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 74 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property with like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. 139. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of 3(5x) + 3(4) = 5x − 28 15x + 12 = 5x − 28 15x + 12 − 12 = 5x − 28 − 12 15x = 5x − 40 15x − 5x = 5x − 5x − 40 10x = −40 = 10 −4 x= 10x 10 −40 multiplication. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of 13 − 8(x) − 8(−2) = 7(x) + 7(4) + 46 13 − 8x + 16 = 7x + 28 + 46 13 + 16 − 8x = 7x + 28 + 46 29 − 8x = 7x + 74 29 + 8x − 8x = 8x + 7x + 74 29 = 15x + 74 29 − 74 = 15x + 74 − 74 −45 −45 = 15x 15x = 15 −3 = x 15 multiplication. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 137. 138. Simplify the expression. Add 11x to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 13x + 3(3) − 3(x) = −3(4) − 3(3x) − 2x 13x + 9 − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 13x − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 10x = −12 − 11x 9 + 10x + 11x = −12 − 11x + 11x 9 + 21x = −12 9 − 9 + 21x = −12 − 9 66 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 15. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property with like terms. Add 8x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 2(2x) + 2(19) − 9x = 9(13) − 9(x) + 21 4x + 38 − 9x = 117 − 9x + 21 38 + 4x − 9x = 117 + 21 − 9x 38 − 5x = 138 − 9x 38 − 38 − 5x = 138 − 38 − 9x −5x −5x = 100 − 9x + 9x = 100 − 9x + 9x 4x = 100 = 4 x = 25 4x 4 100 2(2(25) + 19) − 9(25) = 9(13 − (25)) + 21 2(50 + 19) − 225 = 9(−12) + 21 2(69) − 225 = −108 + 21 138 − 225 = −87 −87 = −87 The solution is correct. Use the distributive property of 21x = −21 = 21 −1 x= 21x 21 −21 multiplication. Use order of operations. Simplify the expression. 140. Subtract 38 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. 67 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Divide both sides of the equation by 21. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Add 9x to both sides of the equation.

Use the distributive property =1 5 4 4 ( 5 x) 5 x= 4 = 4 (1) 5 on both sides. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. You can multiply by 4 . 143. 142. Simplify the expression. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. Remember that division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by the reciprocal 5 of the fraction. Simplify the expression. 48 3 − 4 3 = − 3 + 16 4 3 4 Add 4 to both sides of the 3 48 4 equation.501 Algebra Questions 141. = 4 3 − 4 3 + 16 3 5 x = 1 + 3x 3 5 x − 3x = 1 + 3x − 3x 4 5x 4 4 Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation. so this solution is correct. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 5 5 2 (x) − 2 (2) + 3x = 3(x) + 3(2) 5 2 x − 5 + 3x = 3x + 6 − 10 − 10 68 Team-LRN . Change whole numbers to fractional equivalents. Reduce fractions to simplest terms. Simplify the expression. Simplify the equation by adding like terms. Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. Simplify the expression. Operate inside the parentheses ﬁrst. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 12x − 4(x) − 4(−1) = 2(x) + 2(−2) + 16 12x − 4x + 4 = 2x − 4 + 16 8x + 4 = 2x + 12 8x + 4 − 4 = 2x + 12 − 4 8x = 2x + 8 8x − 2x = 2x − 2x + 8 6x = 8 6x 6 = 4 3 8 6 x= x = 13 12( 3 ) − 4(( 3 ) − 1) = 2(( 3 ) − 2) + 16 4 4 4 1 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 − 3 ) = 2( 3 − 3 ) + 16 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 ) = 2( 3 ) + 16 4 1 −2 4 4 3 4 6 Multiply. 16 = 16 A true statement. 3 + 3 − Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 4 Divide both sides of the equation by 5 .

that would be a 2.9 − 0. Add 0.7 + 0.7 = 0. 0. Simplify the expressions.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property with like terms.2x − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2 Team-LRN . Subtract 6x from both sides of the equation.7 = 0. 145. Use the distributive property on both sides.7 = 0.2x) 0.2. 3 = 3 Simplify the expression. x=x There are an inﬁnite number of solutions for this equation. A simple way to avoid having to operate with fractions is to multiply the equation by a factor that will eliminate the denominator. Add 10 to both sides of the equation.06x − 0.6x + 0.7 0. Simplify the expression.9 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.14x − 0. Add 0. Simplify the expression.06x to both sides of the equation.2 1.06x 0.2x) − 0. Simplify the expressions.2x − 0. Use the distributive property on both sides. 5 2x + 3x − 5 = 3x + 6 − 10 2( 2 x + 3x − 5) = 2(3x + 6 − 10) 2( 2 x) + 2(3x) − 2(5) = 2(3x) + 2(6) − 2(10) 5x + 6x − 10 = 6x + 12 − 20 11x − 10 = 6x − 8 11x − 10 + 10 = 6x − 8 + 10 11x = 6x + 2 11x − 6x = 6x − 6x + 2 5x = 2 5x 5 5 5 = 2 5 2 5 1 1 x= 144.7(0. Simplify the expression.3(0.7 = 0.06x 0. 6( 2 x) + 6( 2 ) = 3(x) + 3(1) 3x + 3 = 3x + 3 3x + 3 − 3 = 3x + 3 − 3 3x = 3x 3x 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3.6 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.6 = x=8 69 0.2x = 1.9 0. Simplify the expression.14x + 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x 0.7 to both sides of the equation. In this case.7(1) = 0.9 + 0.3(3) − 0. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property.

Combine like terms. 3x = 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Subtract 13 from both sides of the equation. Another way of saying this is to say that the solution for this equation is the null set. 147. Simplify the expression. 3x + 27 = 3x + 27 Looking familiar? Subtract 27 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 36 − 4x = 2x − 6x − 36 Combine like terms. 4(9) − 4(x) = 2x − 6(x) − 6(6) Simplify the expressions. 10(x) + 10(2) + 7(1) − 7(x) = 3(x) + 3(9) Simplify the expression. 36 + 4x − 4x = 4x − 4x − 36 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 36 − 4x = −4x − 36 Add 4x to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 146. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expressions. 3x + 27 − 27 = 3x + 27 − 27 Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. x=x The solutions for this equation are inﬁnite. Use the distributive property of multiplication. There is no solution for this equation. 36 = −36 This is not true. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 10x − 7x + 20 + 7 = 3x + 27 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. = 4x 4x = 4 −2 = x 4 70 Team-LRN . 10x + 20 + 7 − 7x = 3x + 27 Use the commutative property with like terms. 3(3x) + 3(4) − 7 = 13(x) + 13(1) 9x + 12 − 7 = 13x + 13 9x + 5 = 13x + 13 9x − 9x + 5 = 13x − 9x + 13 5 = 4x + 13 5 − 13 = 4x + 13 − 13 −8 −8 148. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation.

Divide both sides of the equation by −4.501 Algebra Questions 149.8(x + 20) − 4. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. You should look for opportunities to simplify your work. 8x + 115 − 115 = 35 − 115 − 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 8x = −80 − 2x Add 2x to both sides of the equation. 8(x + 20) − 45 = 7(5 + x) − 9x Use the distributive property again. In this equation.7(5 + x)] − 10[0. Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 8x + 115 = 35 − 2x Subtract 115 from both sides of the equation. x = −8 71 Team-LRN . 8(x) + 8(20) − 45 = 7(5) + 7(x) − 9x Simplify the expressions. Subtract 11x from both sides of the equation.9x] Use the distributive property of multiplication.5] = 10[0. 10[0.8(x + 20)] − 10[4. it might make it easier for you.9x] Simplify the expressions. 10[0. 10x = −80 Divide both sides of the −80 10x equation by 10. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 40 from both sides of the equation. 8x + 160 − 45 = 35 + 7x − 9x Combine like terms on each side of the equation.7(5 + x) − 0. 10 = 10 Simplify the expression. 7(x) − 7(10) + 110 = 4(x) − 4(25) + 7x 7x − 70 + 110 = 4x − 100 + 7x 7x + 40 = 11x − 100 7x + 40 − 40 = 11x − 100 − 40 7x = 11x − 140 7x − 11x = 11x − 11x − 140 −4x −4x −4 = −140 −140 = −4 x = 35 150.5] = 10[0. many of the terms are in decimal form. If you multiply the equation by 10. Simplify the expressions. 8x + 2x = −80 − 2x + 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation.

Keep in mind the rules for order of operations. you will generally be given values for all but one. w = width. In this chapter.Using Formulas to Solve Equations Chances are you have been asked to use formulas to solve problems in math. These word problems require you to ﬁnd an unknown value in a formula. h = height. 7 Tips for Using Formulas to Solve Equations Given a formula with several variables. It can be helpful to list each variable with its given value. science. or technology. Select from these formulas the appropriate one to solve the following word problems: Volume of a rectangular solid: V = lwh where l = length. Algebra is a useful skill to know when faced with problems in these areas. you will have the chance to solve word problems that could pop up in any one of these subject areas. social studies. You will be using your algebra problem solving skills in every problem. Team-LRN . Then you will be asked to solve the equation for the missing variable. Put a question mark next to the equal sign in place of the value for the unknown variable.

how much principal must be put into a savings account? 159. t = time. What was the interest rate? 158. what is its height? 153. Find the volume of a rectangular solid whose length is 12 cm. What is the area of a trapezoid whose height is 8 cm and whose bases are 12 cm and 16 cm? 161. Simple interest: I = prt where p = principal. How far is it from Miami to Aruba? 154. How long will it take for a $3. A ﬂight from Miami to Aruba takes 3.14) where r = radius and h = height Surface area of a cylinder: S = 2πr (r + h) where r = radius of the base.500 loan was $1.200 ft2? 162. An airplane ﬂies at an average velocity of 350 miles per hour. and its width is 3. How long would the trip take if they averaged 17 miles per hour for the trip? 155.501 Algebra Questions Distance formula: D = rt where r = rate. What would be the height of a trapezoidal building if at its base it measured 80 feet. Fahrenheit/Celsius equivalence: C = 9 (F − 32) Volume of a cylinder: V = πr 2h (let π = 3. A trapezoid with an area of 240 square inches has a height of 12 inches. width is 9 5 1 cm. its rooﬂine measured 40 feet. What are the lengths of the bases. and height is 4 cm. They planned to hike 6 hours per day and wanted to complete a trail chapter that was 45 miles long. if the lower base is three times the length of the upper? 73 Team-LRN .620. the total interest paid on a $4. h = height of cylinder (let π = 3. 151. A hiking group wanted to travel along a chapter of the Appalachian Trail for 3 days. A bicycle tour group planned to travel 68 miles between two New England towns. and the surface area of one side was 7. Area of a trapezoid: A = 2 h(b1 + b2) where h = height and b1 and b2 are the bases. In order to earn $1. What rate of speed would they have to average to complete the trail chapter as planned? 156. how much interest would $12.14). r = interest rate.5 ft.000 savings account to double its value at a simple interest rate of 10%? 160. At an interest rate of 6%. t = time in years.000 earn over 2 years? 157. 152. A rectangular container has a volume of 98 ft3. Over a three year period.5 hours. If the length of the box is 7 ft.000 in interest over 2 years at an annual rate of 4%.

Find the radius of a cylinder whose volume is 339. What would that temperature be on the Fahrenheit scale? 164. What is its volume in cubic feet? 166.512 square feet. A steel drum has a base with a radius of 2 feet and a height of 4 feet. What is its surface area? 169.) 165. What would Jeff ’s low temperature limit be in that country? (Round your answer to the nearest degree. He is going to a country where the temperature is reported in Celsius. The radius of the base of a cylinder is 20 cm. If its radius is 12 feet. 74 Team-LRN . Jeff won’t play golf if the temperature falls below 50° Fahrenheit. The height of the cylinder is three times the radius of the base of the cylinder. A cylinder has a surface area of 2. Find the radius and the height of the cylinder. 167.12 cubic centimeters and whose height is 12 centimeters. The height of the cylinder is 40 cm.6 square inches and whose radius is 3 inches? 170. what is its height to the nearest foot? 168. What is the height of a cylinder whose surface area is 282.501 Algebra Questions 163.565 cubic feet. The volume of a cylindrical aquarium tank is 13. You plan to visit a tropical island where the daytime temperature can reach 45° Celsius.

Substitute the values for the variables.5. Include the units.5h List the values for the variables. D = rt D=? r = 350 t = 3. Include the units. Write the applicable formula. V = lwh V=? l = 12 cm w = 9 cm h = 4 cm V = (12)(9)(4) V = 432 V = 432 cm3 V = lwh V = 98 l=7 w = 3.225 miles 75 Team-LRN .5 4=h h = 4 feet 98 24.5h = 24.5 D = (350)(3. or [ ].5) D = 1. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The simpliﬁed result is underlined. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.5)h 98 = 24.225 D = 1.5 24. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Substitute the values into the formula. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.5 h=? 98 = (7)(3. Substitute the values into the formula. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. List the values for the variables. { }. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. List the values for the variables. Regardless of what symbol is used. Simplify the expression. ( ). Divide both sides of the equation by 24. 153. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression. Include the units. 152.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 151. Write the appropriate formula.

155. Calculate the total number of hours.500r = 13. D = rt D = 68 r = 17 t=? 68 = (17)t 68 = 17t = 17 4=t 4 hours = t D = rt D = 45 r=? 6 hrs 3 days · day = 18 hrs. Write the applicable formula. Include the units. List the values for the variables. 2. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 154. Substitute the values for the variables. Substitute the given values into the formula. Substitute the given values into the formula.5 = r 45 18 18r 68 17 17t List the values for the variables. Divide both sides of the equation by 17. t = 18 45 = r (18) 45 = 18r = 18 2. Simplify the expression.620 p = 4.500)r (3) 1.06)(2) I = 1.500 0.12 = r 12% = r I = prt I = 1. List the values for the variables. 157.440 I = prt I = 1. Include the units. Write the applicable formula. Write the applicable formula.500r List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula.000)(0. 156. Divide both sides of the equation by 13.500.440 I = $1. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables.500 r=? t=3 1. Include the units. 158. Simplify the expression. Team-LRN .000 p=? r = 4% t=2 76 1620 13500 13. Write the applicable formula.620 = (4. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.620 = 13.5 miles per hour = r I = prt I=? p = 12. Divide both sides of the equation by 18.000 r = 6% t=2 I = (12. Express as a percent. Simplify the expression.

04)(2) 1. 161. Divide both sides of the equation by 300.000 p = 3.500 = p I = prt 1.08p To double its value. · 8 · (12 + 16) · 8 · 28 Include the units. Write the applicable formula.000 300 300t List the values for the variables. I = 3.000 = (3.000 in interest. Include the units. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. A = · 224 A = 112 A = 112 cm2 A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 7. 1.500 = p $12. 160.08 12. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula. the account would have to earn $3.08.000 r = 10% t=? 3. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.200 b1 = 40 b2 = 80 h=? 1 7. 159.200 = 60 h = 60 120 = h 120 ft = h 7.10)t 3. 77 Team-LRN . Write the applicable formula. Divide both sides of the equation by 60.000 0.200 = 2 · h · 120 7. Substitute the given values into the formula.08 0.08p = 0.000 = p(0. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.000 = 300t = 300 10 = t 10 years = t A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A=? b1 = 12 b2 = 16 h=8 A= A= 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 3. Simplify the expression.200 60 60h 1 1 List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression.000 = 0. Include the units. Include the units.200 = 2 · h · (40 + 80) 7.000)(0.

Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression. · 12 · (x + 3x) 240 = · 12 · 4x 240 = 6 · 4x 240 = 24x = 24 10 = x b = 10 b2 = 3(10) b2 = 30 C = 9 (F − 32) C = 45 F=? 45 = 9 (F − 32) 5 9(45) = 9[ 9 (F − 32)] 405 = 5(F − 32) 405 = 5F − 5(32) 405 = 5F − 160 405 + 160 = 5F + 160 − 160 565 = 5F = 5 113 = F 5 565 5 5F 5 5 240 24 24x Divide both sides of the equation by 24. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Write the applicable formula. List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 240 b1 = x b2 = 3x h = 12 240 = 1 2 1 2 1 Substitute the given values into the formula. Write the applicable formula. 164. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Substitute 10 for x in the list of variables. List the values for the variables.501 Algebra Questions 162. List the values for the variables. 163. C = 9 (F − 32) C=? F = 50 C = 9 (50 − 32) C = 9 (18) C = 9( 1 ) C = 10 5 18 5 5 78 Team-LRN . Substitute the given values into the formula. Substitute the given values into the formula. Add 160 to both sides of the equation.

68 List the values for the variables.68r2 37.16h 452. Substitute the given values into the formula.536 cm2 79 Team-LRN .14)(20)(20 + 40) S = 7.16.14 13.14)(12 2)h 13.12 = (3. S = 2πr (r + h) S=? r = 20 h = 40 π = 3.68 r2 9 = r2 3=r 3 cm = r 339.16 List the values for the variables.24 V = 50. Include the units. 167.565 = 452. Divide both sides of the equation by 452.24 ft3 V = πr2h V = 339.14 S = 2(3. Divide both sides of the equation by 37.12 r=? h = 12 π = 3.14)r2(12) 339. Simplify the expression.14 V = (3.501 Algebra Questions 165.536 S = 7. V = πr2h V = 13. = 37.68 List the values for the variables. V = πr2h V=? r=2 h=4 π = 3. Write the applicable formula.16h 30 = h 30 feet = h 13.14 339. List the values for the variables.68. Simplify the expression. Include the units.16 = 452. 168. Include the units. Simplify the expression.12 37.565 r = 12 h=? π = 3. Simplify the expression.565 = (3. Include the units.14)(2)2(4) V = 50. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.12 = 37. 166. Substitute the given values into the formula. Write the applicable formula. Write the applicable formula.565 452. Write the applicable formula.

14 2. r = x = 10 feet h = 3x = 3(10) = 30 feet 80 Team-LRN .6 = 2(3. Simplify the expression.6 = 18. = 12 = h 12 in = h 8.84 List the values for the variables. Use the distributive property of multiplication.12 25.52 − 56. Simplify the expression.84(h) 282.12x2 Substitute the given values into the formula.52 + 18. Simplify the expression. Subtract 56.512 r=x h = 3x π = 3. Solve for x.84(3 + h) 282.08 18. Simplify the expression. Substitute the value for x into the values list.14)(3)(3 + h) 282.84 h 282. Include the units. 170.512 25.84.6 r=3 h=? π = 3. Simplify the expression.84 226.84h 18.52 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 25.512 = 2(3. List the values for the variables.14 282.84 Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression.52 = 56.08 = 18.512 = 6.52 + 18.84(3) + 18.12. Write the applicable formula.6 = 56.12 100 = x2 10 = x 2. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 282.28 x(4 x) = 25. Divide both sides of the equation by 18.6 − 56.501 Algebra Questions 169.84h 226.14)(x)(x + 3 x) 2. Write the applicable formula.6 = 18. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 2.

From one point to another. the equation with two variables must be written in the form y = mx + b. You select a value for x and solve for the y value. That is. But in this chapter. The slope of a line is the ratio of the change in the y value over the change in the x value from one point on the solution graph to another. The y-intercept is the point where the solution graph (line) crosses the y-axis. the m value is a number that represents the slope of the solution graph and the b is a number that represents the y-intercept. we will focus on the slope and yintercept method. the slope is the rise over the run. The slope and y-intercept method may require you to change an equation into the slope-intercept form. Team-LRN . The solution of a linear equation is the set of ordered pairs that form a line on a coordinate graph. One method for graphing the solution is to use a table with x and y values that are solutions for the particular equation. Written in this form.Graphing Linear Equations This chapter asks you to ﬁnd solutions to linear equations by graphing. Every point on the line is a solution for the equation. 8 Tips for Graphing Linear Equations ■ Rewrite the given equation in the form y = mx + b. Another way of saying that is: The y-intercept is the place where the value of x is 0.

y − 2 x = 3 2 179. 171.4x = −2 188. Use the value of m as the slope of the equation. If the value of m is negative. 20x − 15 = 5y 192. not both. The value of m is = change in x . y = 4 x − 1 175. use a negative sign in only the numerator 3 3 −3 or the denominator. If the value of m is a whole number.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ Use the b value to determine where the line crosses the y-axis. x = 7y − 14 185. y = 2 x − 3 176. y = −2x + 6 174. b). y − 0. Graph the following equations using the slope and y-intercept method. That is the point (0. y − 2x = 4 177. 189. y = 5x − 2 173. For example. Write the slope as a fraction. 6y + 13x = 12 82 Team-LRN . 2 3y − 5 6x − 1 2x 1 3y =0 =2 190. − 4 = 4 = −4 . 0 = 2x + 3y 186. 7x = 4y + 8 191. 2x + 5y = 30 180. the slope is the whole change in y number over 1. y = 2x + 3 172. y + 3x = −2 178. 2y + 4x = 10 181. −5x 3 5 1 1 − y = −2 7 184. x − 3y = 15 182. 3x + 12y = −18 187. 3x + 9y = −27 183.

Write an equation to represent a diver’s cost for one week of diving at the resort.1x = 0. −34x + 85 = 17y 195. A dive resort rents scuba equipment at a weekly rate of $150 per week and charges $8 per tank of compressed air used during the week of diving. A glider has a 25:1 descent ratio when there are no updrafts to raise its altitude. Write an equation to represent the glider’s descent from an altitude of 200 feet. it will lose 1 foot of altitude. for every 25 feet it moves parallel to the ground. An Internet service provider charges $15 plus $0. 197. 200.501 Algebra Questions 193. 196.7y + 1. 6y + 27x = −42 For the following problems. A scooter rental agency charges $20 per day plus $0. Write an equation to represent the cost of one day’s rental. A recent backyard bird count showed that one out of every six birds that visited backyard feeders was a chickadee.25 per hour of usage per month. Write an equation to represent this ratio.4 194. 199. 0. 83 Team-LRN .05 per mile for the rental of a motor scooter. 198. use the slope/y-intercept method to write an equation that would enable you to draw a graphic solution for each problem. Write an equation that would represent the monthly bill of a user. That is.

5) (0. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. b=3 A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 171.5). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3) x 84 Team-LRN . Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 2 change in y (1. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Regardless of what symbol is used. (0 + 1. { }. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward.3). ( ).3 + 2) or (1.

501 Algebra Questions 172. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2. 5 change in y (1.3).−2). (0 + 1. A change in y of 5 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 5 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2 + 5) or (1.−2) 85 Team-LRN .3) x (0.

2 change in y (0. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 6.501 Algebra Questions 173.6).6) (1.4) x 86 Team-LRN .4). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.6 − 2) or (1. (0 + 1.

2). b = −1.−1) 87 Team-LRN . 3 change in y (4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−1 + 3) or (4.−1).2) x (0. (0 + 4.501 Algebra Questions 174. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

b = −3.2). (0 + 2.501 Algebra Questions 175.2) x (0. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 5 change in y (2.−3) 88 Team-LRN .−3).−3 + 5) or (2.

A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 2x − 2 x = 2x + 4 y = 2x + 4 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4) x 89 Team-LRN . Add 2x to both sides of the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.6) (0.501 Algebra Questions 176.4). Put the equation in the proper form.4 + 2) or (1. (0 + 1.6). Simplify the equation. b = 4. 2 change in y (1.

b = −2.−5) 90 Team-LRN .−2).−2) (1. Put the equation in the proper form.−5). Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 177. 3 change in y x (0. (0 + 1. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 3x − 3x = − 3x − 2 y = − 3x − 2 m = −3 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2 − 3) or (1. Simplify the equation.

(0 + 2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 1 b = 32.3 ) x 91 Team-LRN . A change in y of 1 and in x of 2 gives the point y 1 y + 2x − 2x = 2x + 32 y = 2x + 32 m = 2 = change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0.4 ) (0.3 2 + 1) or (2.3 2 ). Simplify the equation. Add 2 x to both sides of the equation.4 2 ). 1 1 1 change in y 1 1 1 1 1 1 (2.501 Algebra Questions 178. Put the equation in the proper form.

change in y (0. b = 6.501 Algebra Questions 179. (0 + 5. A change in y of −2 and in x of 5 gives the point y 2x − 2x + 5y = −2x + 30 5y = −2x + 30 5y 5 = y= y= (−2x + 30) 5 −2x 30 5 + 5 −2 5x + 6 −2 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Put the equation in the proper form.4) x 92 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Simplify the equation.6).4).6 − 2) or (5. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation.6) (5.

Divide both sides of the equation by 2. Put the equation in the proper form. b = 5.3). A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 2y + 4x − 4x = −4x + 10 2y = −4x + 10 2y 2 = y= y = −2x + 5 (−4x + 10) 2 −4x 10 2 + 2 m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3) x 93 Team-LRN .5) (1. Simplify the equation. Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation.5). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 1.501 Algebra Questions 180. 2 change in y (0.5 − 2) or (1.

The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 3. b = −5.−5) 94 Team-LRN .−4). = (3)(1) = 3 · 1 = 3 x The equation is equivalent to the proper form. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Simplify the equation.−4) (0.−5 + 1) or (3. Simplify the equation. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 181. Put the equation in the proper form. 1 change in y 1 x (3. Add 3y to both sides of the equation. A change in y of 1 and in x of 3 gives the point y x 3 (1)(x) 1 x 1 x − 3y + 3y = 15 + 3y x = 15 + 3y x − 15 = 15 − 15 + 3y x − 15 = 3y (x − 15) 3y = 3 3 x 15 3 − 3 =y x 3 −5=y 1 3x − 5 = y y = 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation.−5).

Simplify the equation.−4) 95 Team-LRN .−3). Divide both sides of the equation by 3. −4).−3) (3. (0 + 3. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Put the equation in the proper form. Simplify the equation.−3 − 1) or (3. = −9 x + 3y = −9 x − x + 3y = −x − 9 3y = −x − 9 3y 3 (3x + 9y) 3 3x 9y + 3 3 = −27 3 = y= y= y= The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 182. Subtract x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. b = −3. x (0. A change in y of −1 and in x of 3 gives the point y (−x − 9) 3 −x 9 −3 3 −x −9 3 − 3 −1 3x − 3 1 change in y m = − 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

Simplify the equation. Add 5x to both sides of the equation. 1 (0.3 2 ).−1 ) 96 Team-LRN . Multiply both sides of the equation by −1. Put the equation in the proper form.3 ) x (1. Simplify the equation.3 2 − 5) or (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 183. A change in y of −5 and in x of 1 gives the point of y 7 1 5x − 5x − y = 5x − −y 7 2 = 5x − 7 2 7 −1(−y) = −1(5x − 2 ) 7 2 5 change in y change in x 1 y = −5x + m = −5 = − 1 = 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 2 = 32. (0 + 1.−1 2 ).

501 Algebra Questions 184. b = 2.2). A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 1 change in y (7. Simplify the equation.2 + 1) or (7. x + 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 x + 14 = 7y (x + 14) 7y = 7 7 x 7 +2=y 1 7x + 2 = y 1 y = 7x + 2 The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3) (0. (0 + 7. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 7.2) x 97 Team-LRN . Put the equation in the proper form. Add 14 to both sides of the equation.3).

−2).0) (3.0 − 2) or (3. so b = 0. Divide both sides of the equation by −3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. There is no b showing in the equation. (0 + 3. Put the equation in the proper form.0).−2) x 98 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation. (0.501 Algebra Questions 185. Simplify the equation. A change in y of −2 and in x of 3 gives the point y −3y −3y −3 0 − 3y = 2x + 3y − 3y = 2x = 2x −3 −2x 3 2 change in y change in x y= m = −3 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 3y from both sides of the equation.

2 A change in y of −1 and in x of 4 gives the point y = −6 x + 4y = −6 x − x + 4y = − x − 6 4y = − x − 6 4y 4 (3x + 12y) 3 3x 12y + 3 3 = −18 3 = y= y= (−x − 6) 4 −x 6 −4 4 −1x − 11 4 2 −1 m= 4 = change in y change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 4.−2 2 ).501 Algebra Questions 186. 1 1 x (0.−2 ) 99 Team-LRN . b = −3. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Subtract x from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 3.−1 ) (4.−1 2 − 1) or (4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form.−1 2 ).

4x to both sides of the equation.4x − 2 y = 0. Add 0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Put the equation in the proper form.0).4 = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4x − 2 m = 0.4x = 0. A change in y of 2 and in x of 5 gives the point y y + 0.501 Algebra Questions 187.−2 + 2) or (5.0) (0. (0 + 5. b = −2. 4 2 change in y (5.4x − 0.−2) x 100 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation.−2).

501 Algebra Questions 188. Put the equation in the proper form.

Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Multiply both sides of the 3 equation by 2 . Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

1

2 3y 2 3y

− 2x + 2x = 0 + 2x = 2x

1

1

1

1

3 2 3 1 2 ( 3 )y = 2 ( 2 x) 3 1y = 4 x 3 y = 4x

m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,0). (0 + 4,0 + 3) or (4,3).

3

change in y

(4,3) x

(0,0)

101

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 189. Simplify the equation. It would be easier to operate with an equation that

doesn’t have fractional coefﬁcients. So if you multiply the whole equation by the lowest common multiple of the denominators, you will have whole numbers with coefﬁcients. Multiply both sides of the 5 1 equation by 6. 6( 6 x − 3 y) = 6(2) Use the distributive 5 1 property of multiplication. 6( 6 x) − 6( 3 y) = 6(2) Simplify the equation. 5x − 2y = 12 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. 5x − 5x − 2y = −5x + 12 −2y = −5x + 12 Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the −2y −5x 12 equation by −2. − 2 = − 2 + −2 Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −6. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point

y

**y = 2x − 6 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−6). (0 + 2,−6 + 5) or (2,−1).
**

5 change in y

5

x (2,−1)

(0,−6)

102

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 190. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2. A change in y of 7 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

7x − 8 = 4y + 8 − 8 7x − 8 = 4y 4y = 7x − 8

4y 4

=

7

7x 4

−

8 4

**y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2). (0 + 4,−2 + 7) or (4,5).
**

7 change in y

(4,5)

x (0,−2)

103

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 191. Exchange the terms on each side

of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −3. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

y

5y = 20x − 15 = 5 − y = 4x − 3

4 5y 5 20x 15 5

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−3). (0 + 1,−3 + 4) or (1,1).

change in y

(1,1) x

(0,−3)

104

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 192. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 13x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −13 and in x of 6 gives the point

y

18 16 14 12 10 8 6

**6y + 13x − 13x = −13x + 12 6y = −13x + 12
**

6y 6

=

−13x

y=

6 −13 6 x

−13

+

12 6

+2

change in y

m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 6,2 − 13) or (6,−11).

2 −18 −16 −14 −12 −10 −8 −6 −4 −2 −2 −4 −6 −8 −10 −12 −14 −16 −18

(0,2)

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18

x

(6,−11)

105

Team-LRN

A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y y = 7x − 2 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 7. then b = a. x − 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 Simplify the equation. 10(0. Once again.−2 + 1) or (7. if it would be easier for you to operate with whole number coefﬁcients instead of decimals to start. x − 14 = 7y If a = b.−1) (0.4) Simplify the expression.−2) 106 Team-LRN .−1). Multiply both sides of the equation by 10. b = −2. x = 7y + 14 Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation.7y + 1.501 Algebra Questions 193.1x) = 10(0. 7 = 7 − 7 Simplify the equation. 7y = x − 14 Divide both sides of the x 7y 14 equation by 7. you could multiply the whole equation by 10. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 1 change in y 1 x (7.−2).

3) x 107 Team-LRN .5 − 2) or (1. (0 + 1.5). change in y (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the equation.5) (1.501 Algebra Questions 194.3). Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign. b = 5. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 17y = −34x + 85 = 17 + y = −2x + 5 −2 17y 17 −34x 85 17 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides of the equation by 17.

Let y = vertical movement.−7) 196. b = − 7. 6y + 27x − 27x = −27x − 42 6y = −27x − 42 6y 6 =− −9 Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 6.−7 + 9) or (−2. Simplify the equation. (0 − 2. Add −27x to both sides of the equation.2) x (0.−7). A change in y of 9 and in x of −2 gives the point y y= y= 27x 42 6 − 6 −27 6 x−7 2 x−7 9 change in y m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Forward is in the positive direction. Let x = horizontal movement.2). Descending is in the negative. The change in y is −1 for every change change in y Slope = change in x = in x of +25. The change in position of the glider is described by the slope. Ascending is in the positive direction. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. −9 (−2.501 Algebra Questions 195. Simplify the coefﬁcient of x by a common factor of 3. Put the equation in the proper form. −1 25 =m 108 Team-LRN .

200.15) 25 100 1 Let x = the number of miles driven in one day.05x + 20 5 100 = 1 20 Let x = the number of tanks used during the week.20) and the slope would be 199.25 or The y-intercept would be at 198. y = 6x 109 Team-LRN .25 times the number of hours of use. The costs for the month will equal $15 plus the $. Written as an equation. So. An equation that represents the statement would be: 6 The y-intercept is (0. you substitute the given values into the −1 formula. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the daily charges plus the 0. this would be The graph would have a y-intercept at (0. Written as an equation. Let y = the cost of a scooter rental for one day.200) 25 197. Let y = the number of birds that visited a backyard feeder. y = 0. Let x = the hours of Internet use for the month.501 Algebra Questions The starting position for the purposes of this graphic solution is at an altitude of 200 ft. b = 200 Using the standard form y = mx + b.05 times the number of miles driven. y = 25 x + 200 A graph of this equation would have a slope of − 1 and the y-intercept would be at (0. Let y = the total cost for equipment.0) and the slope = 6 = 1 . or + 200. Let y = the amount of a monthly bill. y = 8x + 150 Let x = the number of chickadees that visited the feeder. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the weekly charge for gear rental plus 8 times the number of tanks used.150) and the 8 slope = 8 = 1 . y = 0.25x + 15 =4 (0. A formula that would represent this information would be: The y-intercept would be at (0. this information would be as follows: A graph of this equation would have a slope of 0.

The methods and procedures you use are virtually the same.9 Solving Inequalities If you compare Chapter 9 to Chapter 6. and the result will be your solution. Tips for Solving Inequalities ■ ■ Keep the inequality symbol facing the same way when you perform an addition or subtraction to both sides of the inequality. When you have fractional coefﬁcients or terms in an equality or inequality. multiply both sides by the least common multiple of the denominators and work with whole numbers. Your goal is to isolate the variable on one side of the inequality. there will be twenty-ﬁve inequalities so you can practice your solving skills. In this chapter. Keep the symbol facing the same way when you multiply or divide by a positive factor. you will ﬁnd only a few differences between solving inequalities and solving equalities. Look at the tips below to see what makes solving inequalities different from solving equalities. If the Team-LRN . But remember to change the direction of the inequality when you multiply or divide by a negative factor.

−x 0. 4(x + 1) < 5(x + 2) 211. −7(x 5 4 (x + 4) > 2 (x + 8) − 8 + (x − 4)] ≥ 2(13 − x) 222. −6(x + 1) ≥ 60 209. −4x 217. 4x − 6 > 30 203. 3(1 − 3x) ≥ −3 (x + 27) 223.9 + x + 2) < −5x 1 219. 3 2x < – 4 (x + 2) 1 2 3 + 0. −5[9 224. 3(4 − 5x) < x − 116 210. 2x + 0. 3x − 10 ≤ -3 207. 3(x − 16) − 2 < 9(x − 2) − 7x 111 Team-LRN . 16x − 1 < 4(6 − x) 213.2 4 3x ≤ 20 −5>x−2 + 3(x + 5) ≥ 3(x + 2) 3 4 215. 8 − 6x < 50 206. x − 4 3 < 9 + 3 x 220. Solve the following inequalities. 11(1 − x) ≥ 3(3 − x) − 1 225. x − 218. multiply by multiples of ten until you have whole numbers to work with. 2(7x − 3) ≥ −2(5 + 3x) 212. 3x + 2 < 14 202. 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x + 10) 216. 4x + 26 ≥ 90 205.1 ≥ 0. 214. 201.501 Algebra Questions coefﬁcients and/or terms are decimals. 2 5x ≤ 18 204.29 > 0. 221.79 208.

Regardless of what symbol is used. 8 − 8 − 6x < 50 − 8 −6x < 42 > −6 x > −7 −6 −6x 42 112 Team-LRN . Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 201. 5 2 5 2 ( 5 )x ≤ 2 (18) 10 5 18 ( 10 )x ≤ 2 ( 1 ) Simplify. 202.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. or [ ]. Simplify. { }. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the inequality. 203. Simplify. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Underlined inequalities show the simpliﬁed result. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. ( ). Divide both sides of the inequality by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify. (1)x ≤ 45 x ≤ 45 204. 5 4x − 6 + 6 > 30 + 6 4x > 36 > 4 x>9 4x 4 36 Simplify. Simplify the inequality. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2 . The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. 4x + 26 − 26 ≥ 90 − 26 4x ≥ 64 ≥ 4 x ≥ 16 4x 4 64 Simplify the inequality. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 205. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. 3x + 2 − 2 < 14 − 2 3x < 12 < 3 x<4 3x 3 12 Simplify the inequality.

29 > 0. Add 10 to both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 16.29 2x > 0. Simplify.29 from both sides of the 1 inequality. 3x − 10 + 10 ≤ − 3 + 10 3x ≤ 7 3x 3 Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add 116 to both sides of the inequality. 113 Team-LRN .79 − 0. Simplify the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality 2x + 0. Add 15x to both sides of the inequality. ≤ −6 x + 1 ≤ −10 −6 −6(x + 1) 60 x + 1 − 1 ≤ −10 − 1 x ≤ −11 3(4) − 3(5x) < x − 116 12 − 15x < x − 116 12 − 15x + 15x < x + 15x − 116 12 < 16x − 116 12 + 116 < 16x − 116 + 116 128 < 16x < 8<x 128 16 16x 16 209. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.50 by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Subtract 1 from both sides of the inequality. 208. Subtract 0.29 − 0. Simplify the expressions. Simplify. Simplify. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify the inequality.25 2x 2 0.50 > 2 x > 0.501 Algebra Questions 206. ≤ 7 3 7 3 x≤ x ≤ 23 207.

Use the distributive property of 2(7x) − 2(3) ≥ −2(5) − 2(3x) 14x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x 14x + 6x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x + 6x 20x − 6 ≥ − 10 20x − 6 + 6 ≥ −10 + 6 20x ≥ −4 20x 20 ≥ − 20 4 4 x ≥ − 20 −1 x≥ 5 16x − 1 < 4(6) − 4(x) 16x − 1 < 24 − 4x 16x − 1 + 1 < 1 + 24 − 4x 16x < 25 − 4x 16x + 4x < 25 − 4x + 4x 20x < 25 20x 20 multiplication. Simplify.2 ) ≤ 0. 212. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20.2( 0. Simplify the expressions. Add 1 to both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20. Simplify. Reduce the fraction to lowest terms. Combine like terms. Simplify. 211. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Use the distributive property of 4(x) + 4(1) < 5(x) + 5(2) 4x + 4 < 5x + 10 4x + 4 − 4 < 5x + 10 − 4 4x < 5x + 6 −x 4x − 5x < 5x − 5x + 6 <6 > −1(6) x > −6 −1(−x) multiplication. 114 ≤4 Team-LRN . Simplify and express the fraction in simplest terms. 213.501 Algebra Questions 210. Multiply both sides of the < 25 20 1 x < 14 0.2(20) −x −x inequality by 0. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 5x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions on both sides. Add 4x to both sides of the inequality.2. Subtract 4 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the inequality. Add 6x to both sides of the inequality. Simplify.

Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. 216. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. Simplify. Divide both sides of the inequality by 5. + 3(x) + 3(5) ≥ 3(x) + 3(2) + 3x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 (−4x + 3x) + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 -x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 x − x + 15 ≥ x + 3x + 6 15 ≥ 4x + 6 15 − 6 ≥ 4x + 6 − 6 9 ≥ 4x 9 4 9 4 ≥ 4x 4 ≥x ≥x 1 24 115 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of 3( 3 x) > 3(3) x>9 3 1 1 ( 3 x) 1 > 3 (3) multiplication. Simplify. Combine like terms. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x) − 2(10) 3x + 5 ≥ −2x − 20 3x + 5 − 5 ≥ −2x − 20 −5 3x ≥ −2x − 25 3x + 2x ≥ 2x − 2x − 25 5x ≥ −25 −25 5x 5 ≥ 5 x≥−5 −4x −4x multiplication. Express the fraction in its simplest form. Simplify. Add x to both sides of the inequality. 214.501 Algebra Questions Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Subtract 1x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. Simplify the expressions. x≥ 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 1 3x −1(−x) −4 ≥ −1(4) −5+5>x−2+5 >x+3 −x>x−x+3 − 3x > x − x + 3 >3 3 Simplify. 215. Add 5 to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Simplify. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Add 2x to both sides of the inequality.

+ 0. Simplify the expressions. You can simplify equations (and inequalities) with fractions by multiplying them by a common multiple of the denominators. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. Add 3 to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the expressions.8 + 1 2 x ≥ 0. Simplify the terms. Add 3x to both sides of the equation. Subtract 0. Divide both sides of the inequality by 7. Simplify. 218. 3(x − < 3(9 + 3 x) 2 2 3(x) − 3( 3 ) < 3(9) + 3( 3 x) 3x − 13 < 27 + 2x 3x − 13 + 13 < 13 + 27 + 2x 3x < 40 + 2x 3x − 2x < 40 + 2x − 2x x < 40 13 116 Team-LRN .8 + x x−x 3 2 x − x ≥ 0.1 ≥ 0.501 Algebra Questions 217. Sure.9 − 0. Combine like terms and simplify.1 from both sides of the 4(x − 4 ) < 4( 4 (x + 2)) 4(x) − 4( 4 ) < 4( 4 )(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x) −3(2) 4x − 3 < −3x − 6 4x − 3 + 3 < −3x − 6 + 3 4x < − 3x − 3 3x + 4x < 3x − 3x − 3 7x < −3 7x 7 3 −3 3 −3 < −3 7 x< 3 2x 3 2x −3 7 inequality. Combine like terms.1 − 0.6 x− 13 3 < 9 + 3x 13 3) 2 Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify the expressions. 219.8) x ≥ 1. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2. Combine like terms. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality.1 + x ≥ 0. Simplify. you have a fraction for an answer. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Change the term to an improper fraction. but it can be easier to operate with whole numbers until the last step.8 1 2( 2 x) ≥ 2(0. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4. Add 13 to both sides of the inequality.

Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 220. Combine like terms. Simplify the terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 6. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Add 9x to both sides. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify by combining like terms. 117 Team-LRN . Simplify terms. Simplify the terms. Add 81 to both sides of the inequality. 4 Multiply both sides by 3 3 (the reciprocal of 4 ). Simplify the terms. 221. Use the distributive property of −7(x) −7x − 7(2)<−5x − 14 < −5x −7x − 14 + 14 < −5x + 14 −7x < −5x + 14 −7x + 5x < 5x −5x + 14 −2x < 14 −2x −2 > −2 x > −7 14 multiplication. Use the distributive property of 5 5 1 1 4 (x) + 4 (4) > 2 (x) + 2 (8) 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x + 4 − 8 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x − 4 5 4x 3 4x 3 4x 3 4x 1 1 1 −8 − 2x + 5 > 2x − 2x − 4 + 5 > −4 +5−5>4−5 > −9 4 > 3 (−9) x > −12 3(1) − 3(3x) ≥ −3(x) − 3(27) 3 − 9x ≥ −3x − 81 3 − 9x + 9x ≥ 9x − 3x − 81 3 ≥ 6x − 81 3 + 81 ≥ 6x − 81 + 81 84 ≥ 6x ≥ 6 14 ≥ x 84 6 6x 4 3 3 ( 4 x) multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 1 Subtract 2 x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. 222. Combine like terms. Add 14 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions.

501 Algebra Questions 223. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. 224. Use the commutative property to associate like terms. use the commutative property of addition and combine like terms. Add 11x to both sides. Combine like terms. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality. Add 50 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. 3(x) − 3(16) − 2 < 9(x) − 9(2) − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 18 − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 7x − 18 3x − 50 < 2x − 18 3x − 50 + 50 < 2x − 18 + 50 3x < 2x + 32 3x − 2x < 2x − 2x + 32 x < 32 118 Team-LRN . Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property. Combine like terms. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of 11(1) − 11(x) ≥ 3(3) − 3(x) − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 3x − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 1 − 3x 11 − 11x ≥ 8 − 3x 11 − 8 − 11x ≥ 8 − 8 − 3x 3 − 11x ≥ − 3x 3 − 11x + 11x ≥ − 3x + 11x 3 ≥ 8x 3 8 3 8 ≥ 8x 8 ≥x multiplication. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. 225. Combine like terms. Remove the inner brackets. Simplify. Divide both sides by 8. Simplify terms. −5[9 −5[x + x − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) + 9 − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) −5[x + 5] ≥ 2(13 − x) ≥ 2(13) − 2(x) − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x 5x − 5x − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x + 5x −25 ≥ 26 + 3x −5x −25 −51 −51 Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of −5[x] −5[5] − 26 ≥ 26 − 26 + 3x ≥ 3x 3x ≥ 3 −17 ≥ x 3 multiplication.

use a solid circle on the number line as the endpoint when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. Draw a dotted line when the inequality symbol is < or >. shade the region above the boundary line when the inequality symbol is > or ≥. Shade the region below the boundary line when the inequality symbol is < or ≤. When there is only one variable. you use a number line. you will practice graphing inequalities that have one or two variables. To complete the graph. Draw a solid line when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. you use a coordinate plane. When there are two variables. Use the slope and the y-intercept of the transformed inequality to show the boundary line for your solution graph. When there are two variables. Use the skills you have been practicing in the previous chapters to transform the inequality into the slope/y-intercept form you used to graph equalities with two variables. When the inequality symbol is < or >. use a coordinate plane to graph the solution. 10 Tips for Graphing Inequalities When using a number line to show the solution graph for an inequality. A solid circle shows that the solution graph includes the endpoint.Graphing Inequalities In this chapter. an open circle shows that the solution graph does not include the endpoint. Team-LRN . use an open circle to show the endpoint.

5x > 0. 0). 242. y > x + 1 232.9 244. (Use graph paper.5y − x + 3 > 0 240. 2( y + 3) − x ≥ 6(1 − x) 250. y ≥ -x + 2 233. x − y ≤ 7 241. x >−1 Graph the following inequalities on a coordinate plane.) 231. then you have shaded the correct side of the boundary line.501 Algebra Questions A simple way to check your graphic solution is to pick a point on either side of the boundary line and substitute the x and y values in your inequality. x ≥ 4 227. 0. 1 2x +y≤3 235. 0. x ≤ 6 229. if it is not your y-intercept. −12 ≤ − 3(x + y) 247. −28y Team-LRN . 3x − y ≤ 7x + y − 8 245. Graph the following inequalities on a number line. 3 4y + 6 ≥ 3x 239. x > 5 230. y > 4x − 5 234. An easy point to use. 3x − 4 > 2y 238. x < −1 228. x 3 + y ≤ 3x − 5 ≥ 2x − 14( y + 10) 120 249. is the origin (0.3 y − 0. 226. 2y − 3x < 8 236. If the result is a true statement. y 3 2 3 < −x −3y + 9x ≤ − 6 243. 3y + 4x < 9 − x 246. 9y + 7 ≥ 2(x + 8) 248. y + 2 ≤ 3x + 5 237.

it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. or [ ]. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. ( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. −10 −5 0 5 10 227. −10 −5 0 5 10 229. −10 −5 0 5 10 228. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. −10 −5 0 5 10 121 Team-LRN . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 226. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. { }. The answers to these questions are the graphs. −10 −5 0 5 10 230.

501 Algebra Questions 231. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 1. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,1). (0 + 1,1 + 1) or (1,2).

1

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(1,2) (0,1) x

122

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 232. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 1,2 − 1) or (1,1).

−1

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(0,2) (1,1) x

123

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 233. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = −5. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−5). (0 + 1,−5 + 4) or (1,−1).

4

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

x (1,−1)

(0,−5)

124

Team-LRN

**501 Algebra Questions 234. Subtract 2 x from both sides
**

1

of the inequality.

1 2x

− 2x + y ≤ − 2x + 3

1

−1

1

1

Combine like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 3. A change in y of −1 and in x of 2 gives the point

**y ≤ − 2x + 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,3). (0 + 2,3 − 1) or (2,2).
**

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(0,3) (2,2) x

125

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 235. Add 3x to both sides

of the inequality. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point

2y − 3x + 3x < 3x + 8 2y < 3x + 8

2y 2

<

3

3x 2

+

8 2

**y < 2x + 4 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4). (0 + 2,4 + 3) or (2,7).
**

3 change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(2,7)

(0,4)

x

126

Team-LRN

3 + 3) or (1. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point y + 2 − 2 ≤ 3x + 5 − 2 y ≤ 3x + 3 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality.6) (0. (0 + 1.3). b = 3. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.6).3) x 127 Team-LRN . Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. Combine like terms. y (1.501 Algebra Questions 236.

b = −2. Simplify terms. if c = d. then d < c. Rewrite the inequality with sides exchanged and the symbol reversed. 2y < 3x − 4 Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. the direction of the inequality symbol must change when you change sides of the statement. In an equation. But for an inequality.1). y (2. If c > d.−2 + 3) or (2. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point < 3x − 2 32 y < 2x − 2 m= 3 2 2y 2 4 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2).501 Algebra Questions 237. (0 + 2.−2) 128 Team-LRN .1) x (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. then d = c.

Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality.−8). Simplify terms.−4) (0. (0 + 1. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point 3 4y 3 4y + 6 − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3 (3x − 6) ≥ 3 (3x) − 3 (6) change in y change in x 4 4 4 4 3 3 ( 4 y) 4 3 3 ( 4 y) y ≥ 4x − 8 m= 4 1 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. Multiply both sides of the 4 inequality by the reciprocal 3 . b = −8. y x (1. Use the distributive property of multiplication.−4).−8) 129 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 238. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Combine like terms.−8 + 4) or (1. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.

5 3 0. (0 + 1.5 > x 0.−6 + 2) or (1.5. Add 1x to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−6). y x (1. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 239. Combine like terms.5 y> − y > 2x − 6 m=2= 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−4) (0.5y + x − x > x − 3 0.5y − x > − 3 0. Subtract 3 from both sides of the inequality.5y − x + 3 − 3 > 0 − 3 0. b = −6.5 x 0.−4).5y > x − 3 0.5y 0. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point 0. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it. Divide both sides of the inequality by 0.5 − 3 0.−6) 130 Team-LRN .

Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expression.−6) (0. Use the commutative property of addition.−7 + 1) or (1.501 Algebra Questions 240. y x (1. Use the commutative property of addition to associate like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.−6). Simplify terms. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point x−y−x≤7−x x−x−y≤7−x -y ≤ 7 − x (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7 − x) (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7) − (−1)(x) y ≥ −7 + x y≥x−7 m=1= 1 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. b = −7.−7) 131 Team-LRN .−7). (0 + 1. Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.

−1) 132 Team-LRN . (0 + 1. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 − x) 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 ) − 3(x) y < 2 − 3x y < −3x + 2 m = −3 = −3 y y 2 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify terms. b = 2.2).2 − 3) or (1.2) x (1. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. y (0. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.−1).501 Algebra Questions 241.

Combine like terms.2) x 133 Team-LRN . A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point −3y −3y + 9x − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≥ −6 −3 −3y −3 y≥ −6 −3 − − 9x −3 9x ( −3 ) y ≥ 3x + 2 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 242. (0 + 1. y ≥ 2 −(−3x) y ≥ 2 + 3x Use the commutative property of addition. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. y (1. Simplify the terms.5). The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2 + 3) or (1. Subtract 9x from both sides of the inequality.5) (0. Divide both sides of the inequality by −3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. b = 2.2).

3 0.5x −0.9 0.3 < −0.9 y < 3 x − (−3) y < 3x + 3 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.9 0.8) (0.3 < ( −0.9 −0.3y − 0.5x − 0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Combine like terms.3 ) 0.5x − 0.5x from both sides of the inequality.3y −0. y (3.3y > 0.9 − 0.3y − 0.3y > −0.3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. Simplify the terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by −0. Subtracting a negative number is the same as adding a positive.8). 5 change in y 5 5 Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.3 + 5) or (3.3y > −0.5x − 0. (0 + 3.3 ) − ( −0.501 Algebra Questions 243.3) x 134 Team-LRN .9 −0. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms. b = 3.3y −0. Subtract 0.3y > −0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point 0.3).5x − 0.3y from both sides of the inequality.5x − 0. Subtract 0.5x − 0.5x − −0.

Combine like terms. y (0. Simplify terms.2) x 135 Team-LRN . Subtract 3x from both sides of the inequality. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point 3x − 3x − y ≤ 7x − 3x + y − 8 −y ≤ 4x + y − 8 −y −2y − y ≤ 4x + y − y − 8 ≤ 4x − 8 ≥ 4x − 8 −2 8 4x − 2 − ( −2 ) −2y −2 y≥ y ≥ − 2x − (−4) y ≥ −2x + 4 m = −2 = −2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2). Combine like terms. Subtract y from both sides of the inequality. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. (0 + 1. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. b = 4.4 − 2) or (1.4) (1. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 244.4).

Use the commutative property. A change in y of −5 and in x of 3 gives the point 3y + 4x − 4x < 9 − x − 4x 3y < 9 − 5x 3y 3 < y< y< y< 5x 9 3 − 3 9 5x (3) − ( 3 ) 5 3 − 3x −5x + 3 3 −5 m= 3 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3) x (3. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. b = 3. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.3). The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2) 136 Team-LRN . Simplify the expressions. Subtract 4x from both sides of the inequality.−2). y (0. (0 + 3. Simplify the terms.501 Algebra Questions 245. Combine like terms.3 − 5) or (3.

4) (1.501 Algebra Questions 246. (0 + 1. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point −12 ≤ −3x − 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x −3y + 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x 3y − 12 + 12 ≤ −3x + 12 3y ≤ −3x + 12 ≤ 3x + 3 y ≤ -x + 4 3y 3 − 12 3 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3). b = 4. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add 12 to both sides of the inequality.4). Add 3y to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. −1 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.4 − 1) or (1.3) x 137 Team-LRN . Combine like terms. y (0.

1 + 2) or (9. b = 1. A change in y of 2 and in x of 9 gives the point 9y + 7 ≥ 2x + 16 9y + 7 − 7 ≥ 2x + 16 − 7 9y ≥ 2x + 9 9y 9 ≥ 2 2x 9 + 9 9 y ≥ 9x + 1 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 2 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Simplify the expressions.3). Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. y (9. Divide both sides of the inequality by 9.1) x 138 Team-LRN . Subtract 7 from both sides of the inequality.3) (0. (0 + 9.501 Algebra Questions 247.1).

The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 8 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. b = −5. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 248. y (3. Combine like terms.−5 + 8) or (3. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. A change in y of 8 and in x of 3 gives the point 3( 3 + y) ≤ 3(3x − 5) 3( 3 ) + 3( y) ≤ 3(3x) − 3(5) x + 3y ≤ 9x − 15 x − x + 3y ≤ 9x − x − 15 3y ≤ 8x − 15 3y 3 x x ≤ 8 8x 3 − 15 3 y ≤ 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3).−5).−5) 139 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the inequality by 3.3) x (0. (0 + 3.

0). Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 249.0 − 5) or (2. Simplify terms. y (0. −5 Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Combine like terms. Add x to both sides of the inequality. Use the commutative property with like terms. A change in y of −5 and in x of 2 gives the point 2( y) + 2(3) − x ≥ 6(1) − 6(x) 2y + 6 − x ≥ 6 − 6x 2y + 6 − x + x ≥ 6 − 6x + x 2y + 6 ≥ 6 − 5x 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 5x − 6 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 6 − 5x 2y ≥ − 5x 2y 2 ≥ −5x y≥ −5 2 2 x change in y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−5). Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Combine like terms.0) x (2.−5) 140 Team-LRN . b = 0. (0 + 2. Simplify terms.

10). Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. −1 Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. A change in y of −1 and in x of 7 gives the point −28y −28y −28y −14y ≥ 2x − 14( y) − 14(10) ≥ 2x − 14y − 140 + 14y ≥ 2x − 14y + 14y − 140 ≥ 2x −140 2x −14y −14 ≤ −1 −14 − 140 −14 y≤ 7 x + 10 change in y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides of the inequality by −14 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. (0 + 7.501 Algebra Questions 250. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add 14y to both sides of the inequality.9). b = 10.10) (7. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y (0.10 − 1) or (7.9) x 141 Team-LRN . Simplify the terms.

the lines are parallel and will not intersect. There will be no solution if the line graphs have the same slope but different y-intercepts. There are three possibilities for a pair of equations: ■ 11 ■ ■ The solution will be one coordinate pair at the point of intersection. Team-LRN . The graphic solution will either be the common areas of the graphs of the inequalities or there will be no solution if the areas do not overlap. In this case. You will ﬁnd complete explanations and graphs in the answer explanations. Graphing systems of linear equations on the same coordinate plane will give you a solution that is common to both equations. Pairs of inequalities can also have a common solution. The solution will be all the points on the line graph because the equations coincide.Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities This chapter will present ﬁfteen systems of equalities and ten systems of inequalities as practice in ﬁnding solutions graphically.

change the direction of the inequality symbol for each operation. 15y = 6(3x + 15) y = 6(1 − x) 261. 2x + y = 4 3( y + 9) = 7x 257. For equations. 2y = 6x + 14 4y = x − 16 256. graph the boundaries as the appropriate dotted or solid line and shade the area for each inequality depending upon the inequality symbol present. 3y = 6x + 6 5y = 10(x − 5) 262. y − x = 5 − x −4y = 8 − 7x 255. 3(2x + 3y) = 63 27y = 9(x − 6) 143 Team-LRN . For inequalities. The intersection of the shaded areas will be the solution for the system. 251. When multiplying or dividing by a negative term. y = x + 9 4y = 16 − x 5y = 20 − x 3(2y + 5x) = −6 258. 6y = 9(x − 6) 260. y = x + 2 y = -x + 4 252. graph the lines and look for the point or points of intersection. Find the solutions for the following systems of equations by graphing on graph paper. 4y = −7(x + 4) 4y = x + 4 254. 2y − x = 2 3x + y = 8 253. That is the solution. 4x − 5y = 5 259.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Transform each equation or inequality into the slope/y-intercept form.

7( y − 5) < −5x 274. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 4x + y < 4x + 5 271. 5y ≤ 8(x + 5) 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 270. 3x + 4y = 12 y = 3 − 8x 265. 9( y − 4) < 4x −9y −3 < 2(x + 9) 1 273. 266. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3y ≤ 2(6 − x) 272.501 Algebra Questions 263. 2y − 3x ≥ −6 y ≥ 5 − 2x 267. y > 4 (4 − x) 7 < 4 (2x − 3y) 3( y + 5) > 7x 2x + y ≤ −3 275. 16y = 10(x − 8) 6 8y − 17x = 56 Find the solution for each of the following systems of inequalities by graphing and shading. x − 20 = 5y 10y = 8x + 20 264. 6y < 5x − 30 5 2y < −x + 4 268. y − x ≥ 6 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 269. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 144 Team-LRN .

Regardless of what symbol is used. 145 Team-LRN . Once a single number appears within these parentheses. ( ). perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. or [ ]. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ).501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. { }. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The graph is shown. Underlined ordered pair is the solution. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.

4) (1. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1.3) (0. ************ The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3).3). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2).3). 1 change in y y = −x + 4 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2) x 146 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 251. −1 change in y (0. The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 1 for (1. b = 2. The solution is (1. b = 4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y y=x+2 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4).

5).5) (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2) x 147 Team-LRN . −3 change in y (1. Divide both sides by 2. The solution is (2.1) (2. Simplify. y (0. b = 1.1). Add x to both sides. 1 change in y 1 3x + y = 8 3x − 3x + y = −3x + 8 y = −3x + 8 m = −3 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 8.501 Algebra Questions 252. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2). ************ Subtract 3x from both sides.8) 2y − x = 2 2y − x + x = x + 2 2y = x + 2 y = 2x + 1 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.8). Combine like terms. The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 1 for (1.2). The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 2 for (2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

−14) 148 Team-LRN .0) (4. The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. Divide both sides by 4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 1 change in y (0. −7 4y = x + 4 1 y = 4x + 1 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−14).1) (−4. y 4y = −7(x + 4) 4 y = −7x − 28 y= −7 4 x−7 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−7) (4. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−7). The solution is (−4.0). The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4. ************ Divide both sides by 4. b = −7.501 Algebra Questions 253.2). b = 1.1).2) x (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

7 change in y (0. ************ Divide both sides by Simplify terms.−2). b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. Use the commutative property.−2) 149 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 254. y −4.5) (4. Add x to both sides. The graph is a line parallel to the x-axis through (0.5).5). y−x=5−x y−x+x=5−x+x y=5 −4y −4y −4 = 8 − 7x 8 7x = −4 − − 4 7 7 y = −2 + 4 x y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Combine like terms on each side.5) x (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5). The solution is (4.

−5) 150 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 2. 2y = 6x + 14 y = 2x + 7 6 m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 255.−3) (0. 6 −6 change in y 4y = x − 16 1 y = 4x − 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−5).1). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.1) x (4.7). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. ************ Divide both sides by 4. 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4.−4).−3). b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4. y (0.−4) (−4. Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 2 for (−2.7) (−2.

Combine like terms on each side. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1. Subtract 27 from both sides.4) (1. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2). Divide both sides by 3.4).−2). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify. Subtract 2x from both sides. ************ 2x + y = 4 2x − 2x + y = 4 − 2x y = 4 − 2x y = −2x + 4 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 256. y (0. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3.−9). 7 change in y 7 The solution for the system of equations is (3.2) x (3. −2 change in y 3( y + 9) = 7x Distributive property of multiplication.−2) (0. 3y + 27 = 7x 3y + 27 − 27 = 7x − 27 3y = 7x − 27 y = 3x − 9 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the commutative property.2).−9) 151 Team-LRN .

Divide both sides by 4.9) (−4.5).4). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. −1 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4.3).501 Algebra Questions 257.9). ************ Use the commutative property. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 4 for (4.10) (0.4) (4. 1 change in y 4y = 16 − x 4y = −x + 16 y = −4x + 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3) x 152 Team-LRN . The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y=x+9 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b=9 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1.5) (0. y (1. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.10).

501 Algebra Questions 258. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 4x from both sides. Simplify. Use the commutative property. Divide both sides by −5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5,3). ************ Divide both sides by 5. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 5 for (5,3).

**4x − 5y = 5 4x − 4x − 5y = 5 − 4x −5y = 5 − 4x −5y = −4x + 5 y = 5x − 1 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).
**

4 change in y 4

5y = 20 − x 1 y = 4 − 5x y=

−1

5

x+4

change in y

m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4).

−1

**The solution for the system of equations is (5,3).
**

y

(0,4) (5,3) x (0,−1)

153

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 259. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 9 spaces and right 6 for (6, 0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 15x from both sides. Simplify. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2,−6).

**6y = 9(x − 6) 6y = 9x − 54 y = 6x − 9 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−9).
**

9 change in y 9

**3(2y + 5x) = − 6 6y + 15x = −6 6y + 15x − 15x = −15x − 6 6y = −15x − 6 y=
**

−15

6

x−1

−5

m = 6 = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).

−15

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (2,−6).
**

y

x (0,−1) (6,0)

(2,−6) (0,−9)

154

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 260. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 15. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 5 for (−5,0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 1 for (1,0).

**15y = 6(3x + 15) 15y = 18x + 90 y=
**

18 15 x 18

+6

6

−6

m = 15 = 5 = −5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).

change in y

**y = 6(1 − x) y = 6 − 6x y = −6x + 6 m = −6 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).
**

−6

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (0,6).
**

y

(0,6)

(−5,0)

(1,0)

x

155

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 261. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,4). ************ Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,−8).

**3y = 6x + 6 y = 2x + 2 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2).
**

2 change in y

**5y = 10(x − 5) 5y = 10x − 50 y = 2x − 10 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−10).
**

2 change in y

**The slopes are the same, so the line graphs are parallel and do not intersect.
**

y

(1,4) (0,2) x

(1,−8) (0,−10)

156

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 262. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 6x from both sides. Simplify. Commutative property. Divide both sides by 9. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3,5). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 27. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 3 for (3,−1).

3(2x + 3y) = 63 6x + 9y = 63 6x − 6x + 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = −6x + 63 y=

−6

9

x+7

−2

m = 9 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,7).

−6

change in y

27y = 9(x − 6) 27y = 9x − 54 y=

9 27 x 9

−2

1 change in y

m = 27 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2).

**The solution for the system of equations is (9,1).
**

y

(0,7) (3,5)

(9,1) x (3,−1) (0,−2)

157

Team-LRN

2) x (5. If a = b. b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 5 for (5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.6). b=2 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5.2).−3). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. then b = a. Divide both sides by 5.−4) (−10. 8 4 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−10.−6) 158 Team-LRN . y (5.−6).−3) (0. 1 change in y 1 10y = 8x + 20 8 y = 10 x + 2 m = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−4).6) (0.501 Algebra Questions 263. ************ Divide both sides by 10. x − 20 = 5y 5y = x − 20 y = 5x − 4 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

b = +3 The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 4 for (4. −3 y = 3 − 8x −6 y= 8x+3 m = 8 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.0).501 Algebra Questions 264.−3). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 4. Subtract 3x from both sides. Simplify.−3) 159 Team-LRN . −6 6 change in y The solution for the system of equations is the entire line because the graphs coincide. b=3 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 8 for (8. 3x + 4y = 12 3x − 3x + 4y = −3x + 12 4y = −3x + 12 y= −3 4 x+3 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ Use the commutative property.0) x (8.3).3) (4. y (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

−5). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.0) x (0.−10) 160 Team-LRN .−5) (−8. Simplify. Divide both sides by 16.−10). y (0. ************ Subtract 17x from both sides. The solution for the system of equations is (−8. 16y = 10(x − 8) 16y = 10x − 80 y= 10 16 x 10 16 −5 = 5 8 m= = −5 −8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.} b=7 The slope tells you to go down 17 spaces and left 8 for (−8. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 8.} b = −5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and left 8 for (−8. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.−10).501 Algebra Questions 265.−10).7). 8y − 17x = 56 8y − 17x + 17 x = 17x + 56 8y = 17x + 56 y= 17 8 x+7 = −17 −8 m= 17 8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.7) (8.

Divide both sides by 2. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. −3 2y − 3x ≥ − 6 2y − 3x + 3x ≥ +3x − 6 2y ≥ 3x − 6 3 y ≥ 2x − 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y (0.} b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. Add 3x to both sides.0).−3).5) The solution for the system of inequalities is where the shaded areas overlap.0). 3 change in y y ≥ 5 − 2x y ≥ −5x + 5 2 m= −5 5 2 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5) (2.−3) x 161 Team-LRN . Transform the inequalities into slope/y-intercept form.0) (0. Simplify. ************ Use the commutative property. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. b= The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 2 for (2.501 Algebra Questions 266.

2). 6y < 5x − 30 y < 6x − 5 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−5).1). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.501 Algebra Questions 267. 2y <− −x + 4 1 y< 2x+2 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.1) (6. −1 change in y b=2 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 2 for (2.−5) 162 Team-LRN .0) x (0.0). 5 change in y 5 b = −5 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 6 for (6.2) (2. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. y (0. Divide both sides by 6. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. ************ Divide both sides by 2. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.

−2) (11.5). Divide both sides by 11.501 Algebra Questions 268.−2) −2 11 x − 2 −2 change in y = 11 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. y−x≥6 y−x+x≥x+6 y≥x+6 m = 1 = −1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add x to both sides. −2 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 11y ≥ −2x − 22 y≥ b= The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 11 for (11. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Simplify. y (−1. Simplify. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication.−4).−4) 163 Team-LRN . Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. m The y-intercept is at the point (0.6) x (0.6).5) (0. −1 change in y b=6 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and left 1 for (−1.

Use a solid line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is ≤. The slope tells you to go down 8 spaces and left 5 for (−5. Use the commutative property of addition.0). 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 5y ≤ 60 − 12x 5y ≤ −12x + 60 y≤ −12 change in y change in x b = 12 The slope tells you to go down 12 spaces and right 5 for (5. 5 x + 12 −12 change in y 5 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.12) y (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 5. m= The y-intercept is at the point (0. 3x + 4y = 12 5y ≤ 8x + 40 y ≤ 5x + 8 m= 8 5 8 = −8 −5 = {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.0) (5. (0.501 Algebra Questions 269.} b=8 The y-intercept is at the point (0.8).12).0).0) x 164 Team-LRN . Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤. Use the distributive property of multiplication.8) (−5. Divide both sides by 5. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication.

3) x 165 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 10. 3 10 x + 3 3 change in y = 10 = change in x b=3 The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 10 for (10.5). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 2x + 10y > 5x + 30 2x − 2x + 10y > 5 x − 2x + 30 10y > 3x + 30 y> m The y-intercept is at the point (0. The y-intercept is (0.3). Simplify the inequality. y (10.6). the line is parallel to the x-axis. ************ 4x + y < 4x + 5 Subtract 4x from both sides. Subtract 2x from both sides. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >.6) (0.5) (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 4x − 4x + y < 4x − 4x + 5 Simplify. y < 0x + 5 With a slope of zero. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.501 Algebra Questions 270.

2) x (0. m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−4). Divide both sides by 3.501 Algebra Questions 271.4) (3. Divide both sides by 3. Use the commutative property. Use the distributive property of multiplication. y 3 (0.−2). Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.−2) (3.2). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−4) 166 Team-LRN .} b=4 The y-intercept is at the point (0. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. −2 3y ≤ 12 − 2x 3y ≤ −2x + 12 y≤ m= −2 3 x+4 = change in y change in x −2 {Slopes that are the same will result in parallel lines. Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3 y ≥ −2x − 6 y≥ −2 3 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3.4) The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3.

−4) 167 Team-LRN . −9y −9y < 2(x + 9) < 2x + 18 −2 y> 9 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 9 for (9. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication.8) (0. 4 change in y 4 b=4 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 9 for (9.−2). Use the distributive property of multiplication.8). y (9. Divide both sides by −9. m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4) x (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. −2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. Divide both sides by 9. Add 36 to both sides. Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative.−4). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >.501 Algebra Questions 272. 9( y − 4) < 4x 9y − 36 < 4x 9y − 36 + 36 < 4x + 36 y < 9x + 4 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2) (9.4).

Divide both sides by 7.5). Simplify the inequality. 7( y − 5) < −5x 7y − 35 < −5x 7y − 35 + 35 < −5x + 35 7y < −5x + 35 y< −5 7 x+5 change in y b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 7 for (7. ************ Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4.501 Algebra Questions 273. Simplify the inequality. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.4). b=4 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. −5 < 4 (2x − 3y) 1 1 4(−3) < 4( 4 )(2x − 3y) −12 < 1(2x − 3y) −12 < 2x −3y −12 + 3y < 2x − 3y + 3y −12 + 3y < 2x −12 + 12 + 3y < 2x + 12 3y < 2x + 12 y < 3x + 4 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.6). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is <. −3 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add 35 to both sides. Simplify the inequality. 2 change in y 2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph (next page). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Add 12 to both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 3. Add 3y to both sides. Simplify. 168 Team-LRN .0).

501 Algebra Questions y (3.7).4) (7. ************ 3( y + 5) > 7x Use the distributive property of multiplication. y > 4 (4 − x) y > 7 − 4x −7 y> 4x+7 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 15 from both sides. −7 7 7 change in y b=7 The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4.5) (0.0) x Graph for Question 273.0). Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property.−5) 7 change in y 7 169 Team-LRN . Simplify the inequality. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 3.6) (0. 274. b = −5 3y + 15 > 7x 3y + 15 − 15 > 7x − 15 3y > 7x − 15 y > 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >.

Add 20 to both sides. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >. Simplify the inequality.7) (3. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 5x from both sides. Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative.−5).2) (4. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. y (0.501 Algebra Questions The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3. 275. 5 change in y 5 170 Team-LRN . 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ 0 5x − 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ −5x −2y − 20 + 20 ≤ −5x + 20 −2y ≤ −5x + 20 y ≥ 2 x − 10 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−5) Graph for Question 274.0) x (0.2).−10). b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 2 for (2. Divide both sides by −2.

y x (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.−10) Graph for Question 275.−5) (0.−5). −2 change in y b = −3 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1.−3).501 Algebra Questions Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. 2x + y ≤ −3 2x − 2x + y ≤ −2x − 3 y ≤ −2x − 3 m = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−3) (1. ************ Subtract 2x from both sides.−5) (2. Simplify the inequality. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. 171 Team-LRN .

Then you solve the remaining equation for the remaining variable. But you may ﬁnd that you will begin to see which equations. You will be using the skills you have practiced in the chapters on working with algebraic expressions. one of the variables will be eliminated. In the elimination method. Team-LRN . because of their structure. One method is not better than the other. you will transform one of the equations so that one variable is expressed in terms of the other. use it in one of the two equations to determine the value of the remaining variable. The two methods you will practice here are called the elimination method and the substitution method. In the substitution method. you will transform one or both of the two equations in the system so that when you add the two equations together. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for one variable. Then you will eliminate the variable by substituting into the other equation and solve. you just substitute the found value into one of the equations and solve for the other variable. Practice will help you decide. combining like terms. and solving equations. You can solve systems of equations using algebraic methods. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for the remaining variable. lend themselves to one method over the other.12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically There is a faster way to solve systems of equations than graphing and ﬁnding the solution point.

3x + y = 20 + 10 = y 286. 6y + 3x = 30 284. 3x + 4y = 17 −x 278. 7x + 3y = 2 2x + y = 0 279. Express your solution as a coordinate point or in the form (x.5x + 5y = 28 3x − y = 13 5x + y = −2 1 2x 280. 3x − 5y = −21 288. 276. Then transform the equation or equations so that you will get the result you want. 3(x + y) = 18 281. ﬁrst make a plan to determine which variable you will eliminate from the system.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically When using the elimination method. 3x = 5 − 7y 2y = x − 6 x 3 285. + 2y = 12 2x − y = 21 3x − 15 = y 2y + 6x = 0 282. 2x + 7y = 36 3x + 4y = 15 287. or as variables such as x = 2 and y = 4. x + y = 4 2x − y = 5 + 2y = 1 277. 1 4x 2(2y − x) = 16 + y = 12 1 2x − 3 y = 21 173 Team-LRN . 5x + 8y = 25 283. y). 0. Use the elimination method to solve the following systems of equations.

6 y + 21x = 8. 5x + y = 20 296. x + 5y = 10 299. =y+2 2x − 4y = 32 y − 3x = 28 3x = 2 y + 1 1 x 3 294. y = 3x 4x + 5y = 95 290. x + y = 3 3x + 101 = 7y 291. 5x + y = 3. 4y + 31 = 3x y + 10 = 3x 300. 289. + 5 =1 3x + 2y = 12 x − 3 = 2y 298. 2(2 − x) = 3y − 2 3x + 9 = 4(5 − y) 174 Team-LRN .4 292. y + 4x = 0 295.501 Algebra Questions Use the substitution method to solve the following systems of equations. 8x − y = 0 10x + y = 9 293. 2x + y = 2 − 5y x−y=5 2x 10 y 297.

Simplify. Identity element of addition. The underlined ordered pair is the solution. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Regardless of what symbol is used. ( ). Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 3. We could add the equations together if we had x+y=4 2x − y = 5 3x + 0 = 9 3x = 9 =3 x=3 (3) + y = 4 3−3+y=4−3 y=1 3x 3 9 a −3x in the second equation. Simplify. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Now solve for x. Subtract 4 from both sides. Divide both sides by 4. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 277. Be aware that you may have used a different method of elimination to arrive at the correct answer. Subtract 3 from both sides. Add the ﬁrst and transformed second equations. Multiply the second equation by 3. { }. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 3(-x + 2y = 1) −3x + 6y = 3 3x + 4y = 17 0 + 10y = 20 10y = 20 y=2 −x −x + 2(2) = 1 +4=1 −x + 4 − 4 = 1 − 4 −x = −3 x=3 175 Team-LRN . The solution for the system of equations is (3. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Add the equations.1). Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Additive identity.2). Simplify. Multiply both sides by −1. 276. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.

See what the ﬁrst equation looks like after 5(3x − y) = 5(13) 5(3x) − 5( y) = 5(13) 15x − 5y = 65 0. Additive identity. Divide both sides by −12. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add equations to eliminate y. −3(2x −6x −6x + y = 0) − 3y = 0 − 3y = 0 7x + 3y = 2 x+0=2 x=2 2(2) + y = 0 4+y=0 4 − 4 + y = −4 y = −4 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the equation by −3. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 280. Simplify terms. Add the ﬁrst and second equations. Simplify. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (6. If you multiply the second equation by 5 and add the equations together.5x + 5y = 28 15. Add the ﬁrst equation to the transformed second.5). Distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Subtract 4 from both sides.501 Algebra Questions 278. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation. Transform the second equation so you can add it to the ﬁrst and eliminate y. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Additive identity. Multiply both sides by −1.5x + 0 = 93 15.5.−4). Divide both sides by 15. The solution for the system of equations is (2. Simplify. Subtract 18 from both sides. Simplify. you can eliminate the y. 3x + 3y = 18 + y) = −3(−2) − 3( y) = −3(−2) −15x − 3y = 6 3x + 3y = 18 −12x + 0 = 24 −12x = 24 x = −2 −3(5x) −3(5x 176 Team-LRN .5 x = 93 x=6 3(6) − y = 13 18 − y = 13 18 − 18 − y = 13 − 18 −y = −5 (−1)(−y) = (−1)(−5) y=5 distributing the multiplication on the left. 279.

Subtract 24 from both sides. then line up like terms. Subtract y from both sides. Multiply the equation by −1. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Multiply the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Combine like terms on each side. Additive identity. The solution for the system of equations is (12. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Multiply the second equation by 2 and add to 5(−2) + y = −2 + y = −2 10 − 10 + y = 10 − 2 y=8 −10 the ﬁrst to eliminate y. Simplify. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Multiply the second equation by 8 and add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Transform the second equation into a similar 2(2x − y) = 2(21) 2(2x) − 2( y) = 2(21) 4x − 2y = 42 1 2 x + 2y = 12 4 2 x + 0 = 54 4 2 x = 54 2(4 2 x = 54) 9x = 108 x = 12 2(12) − y = 21 24 − 24 − y = 21 − 24 −y = −3 y=3 1 1 1 format to the ﬁrst equation. Divide both sides by 29. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Add 15 to both sides. Simplify. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. 281. Simplify. Additive identity.3). Divide both sides by 9.0). Simplify. 3x − 15 + 15 = y + 15 3x = y + 15 3x − y = y − y + 15 3x − y = 15 8(3x − y) = 15 24x − 8y = 120 5x + 8y = 25 29x + 0 = 145 29x = 145 x=5 3(5) − 15 = y 15 − 15 = y 0=y 177 Team-LRN . 282. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Add 10 to both sides.8). The solution for the system of equations is (−2.

501 Algebra Questions 283.6). Simplify. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Additive identity. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). Simplify. Add 7y to both sides. Subtract x from both sides. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add it to the ﬁrst equation to eliminate y. 178 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by 13. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Additive identity. Add 12 to both sides. Multiply equation by 3. Simplify. Transform the ﬁrst equation into + 6x = 0) − 18x = 0 6y + 3x = 30 0 − 15x = 30 x = −2 −6y −3(2y 2y + 6(−2) = 0 2y − 12 = 0 2y − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 2y = 12 y=6 familiar form (ax + by = c).−1). 3x = 5 − 7y 3x + 7y = 5 − 7y + 7y 3x + 7y = 5 2y = x − 6 + 2y = x − x − 6 −x + 2y = −6 3(−x + 2y = −6) 3(−x) + 3 (2y) = 3(−6) −3x + 6y = −18 3x + 7y = 5 −x 0 + 13y = −13 y = −1 3x = 5 − 7(−1) 3x = 5 + 7 3x = 12 x=4 Divide both sides by 3. Divide both sides by −15. Simplify terms. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. 284.

Use the distributive property. Simplify. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). Second equation. Divide both sides by 13. 3(2x + 7y = 36) 3(2x) + 3 (7y) = 3(36) 6x + 21y = 108 −2(3x + 4y = 15) −2(3x) − 2(4y) = −2(15) −6x − 8y = −30 6x + 21y = 108 0 + 13y = 78 y=6 3x + 4(6) = 15 3x + 24 = 15 3x + 24 − 24 = 15 − 24 3x = −9 x = −3 179 Team-LRN . Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Multiply the equation by 3. the second by multiplying by −2.6). Simplify. Use the distributive property. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. and eliminate the x variable by adding the equations together. Additive identity. Transform the ﬁrst equation by multiplying 3( 3 + 10 = y) 3( 3 ) + 3(10) = 3( y) x + 30 = 3y x + 30 − 30 = 3y − 30 x = 3y − 30 x − 3y = 3y − 3y − 30 x − 3y = −30 3(3x + y = 20) 3(3x) + 3( y) = 3(20) 9x + 3y = 60 x − 3y = −30 10x + 0 = 30 x=3 + 10 = y 1 + 10 = y 11 = y (3) 3 x x by 3. Simplify terms. Subtract 3y from both sides. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 3 and add to the second equation to eliminate y. Subtract 30 from each side. The solution for the system of equations is (−3. Simplify. Additive identity. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 3. Simplify terms. 286. Subtract 24 from both sides. Simplify terms. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation to the second equation.501 Algebra Questions 285. Add the transformed second equation to the ﬁrst. Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 10.11). Use the distributive property. Simplify terms. Simplify terms.

Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 287. Simplify terms. Transform the second equation by multiplying it by 3. Combine like terms on each side. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. and add the transformed equations to eliminate the variable x. Then. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify terms and add 15 to each side. Simplify the ﬁrst term and subtract from both sides.3). Simplify. Divide both sides by 3. Divide both sides by 6 4 . The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Additive identity. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. add the equations together to eliminate y. Distributive property. Distributive property. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 2(2y) − 2 (x) = 16 4y − 2x = 16 −2x + 4y = 16 2(3x − 5y = −21) 6x − 10y = −42 3(−2x + 4y = 16) −6x + 12y = 48 6x − 10y = −42 2y = 6 y=3 3x − 5(3) = −21 3x − 15 + 15 = −21 + 15 3x = −6 x = −2 288. 1 3 (2x − 3 y = 21) 3(2x) − 3( 3 y) = 3(21) 6x − y = 63 1 4 x + y = 12 1 6 4 x + 0 = 75 1 6 4 x = 75 64x 64 1 1 1 1 = 75 1 64 x = 12 + y = 12 3 − 3 + y = 12 − 3 y=9 1 4 (12) 180 Team-LRN . Commutative property of addition. Transform the second equation into a similar form to the ﬁrst equation. Simplify. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 2. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 2 and the second equation by 3. The solution for the system of equations is (12.9). Simplify terms.

5 + y = 3.11).6 − 5x Substitute the value of y into the second equation.3.3) + y = 3.3 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. y = 2. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x.1). Use the distributive property of multiplication.1 The solution for the system of equations is (0. 290.6 − 5x) + 21x = 8. 1. Divide both sides by 10. 3. Substitute 5 for x in one of the equations.6 − 3. 3.5 − 1.8 Divide both sides by 16.6 Simplify terms. 291.4 Combine like terms.2.6 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation.6 Subtract 1. Combine like terms on each side. 16x = 4.6 + 16x = 8. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Divide both sides by 19.5 + y = 3.6 from both sides. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of x 4x + 5 (3x) = 95 4x + 15x = 95 19x = 95 95 x = 19 = 5 y = 3(5) = 15 is expressed in terms of y. Simplify term and add like terms. y = 3. The solution for the system of equations is (−8. The ﬁrst equation tells you that y = 3x. x = 0.6 + 16x = 8.4 − 3.4 Subtract 3. Use the commutative property of addition.5 Combine like terms on each side.5 from both sides. 5(0. Subtract y from both sides of the equation. 5x − 5x + y = 3.15). 181 Team-LRN . 5x + y = 3. Substitute 3 − y for x in the second equation and solve for y. (3. Substitute 3x for y in the second equation and then solve for x. Add 3y to both sides. Subtract 11 from both sides. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is x+y−y=3−y x=3−y 3(3 − y) + 101 = 7y 9 − 3y + 101 = 7y 9 + 101 − 3y = 7y 110 − 3y + 3y = 7y + 3y 110 = 10y 11 = y x + (11) = 3 x + 11 − 11 = 3 − 11 x = −8 expressed in terms of x.6 − 1.6 Combine like terms on each side.6 − 5x Combine like terms on each side.501 Algebra Questions 289. 1. Simplify. Add like terms. Combine like terms.

Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the 8x − y = 0 8x + y − y = y + 0 8x = y 10x + 8x = 9 18x = 9 1 x= 2 8( 2 ) − y = 0 4−y=0 4−y+y=0+y 4=y 1 value of x is expressed in terms of y. Add y to both sides of the equation. Add y to both sides of the equation. Multiply the equation by 3. Divide both sides by 18. 3(( 3 ) = y + 2) 3( 3 ) = 3y + 6 x = 3y + 6 2(3y + 6) − 4y = 32 6y + 12 − 4y = 32 6y − 4y + 12 = 32 2y + 12 − 12 = 32 − 12 2y = 20 y = 10 2x − 4(10) = 32 2x − 40 + 40 = 32 + 40 2x = 72 x = 36 y + 4x = 0 y + 4x − 4x = 0 − 4x y = −4x −7x x x Subtract 4x from both sides. (−4x) − 3x = 28 = 28 x = −4 y + 4(−4) = 0 y − 16 = 0 y = 16 182 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by −7. 1 The solution for the system of equations is ( 2 . Combine like terms on each side and simplify. 294. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms. Simplify. Simplify. Substitute the value of y into the second equation. The solution for the system of equations is (36. Simplify and add 40 to both sides. Simplify. Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. 293.501 Algebra Questions 292. Divide both sides by 2. Combine like terms and simplify. Use the distributive property of multiplication. The solution for the system of equations is (−4. Express y in terms of x in the ﬁrst equation. Combine like terms on each side.16). Divide both sides by 2.10). Combine like terms. Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is expressed in terms of x. Add 16 to both sides.4). Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Use the distributive property. Subtract 12 from both sides. Simplify terms. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms.

Add y to both sides of the equation. Substitute the found value for y into one of the equations and solve for x. Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of y is expressed in terms of x. the denominators. Simplify. Transform the second equation so that the value of x is expressed in terms of y. 183 Team-LRN . Combine like terms.10). 1 5 5x − 5x + y = 20 − 5x y = 20 − 5x 3x = 2 (20 − 5x) + 1 3x = 10 − 2 x + 1 3x = 11 − 2 x 3x + 2 x = 11 + 2 x − 2 x 5 2 x = 11 52x 52 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 1 = 11 1 52 Simplify terms. x=2 Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. 10 + y = 20 Subtract 10 from both sides. Add 5y to both sides of the equation. 5(2) + y = 20 Simplify. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 8. Transform the ﬁrst equation by eliminating 10( 10 + 5 ) = 10(1) 10( 10 ) + 10( 5 ) = 10 2x + 2y = 10 2x y 2x y Use the distributive property of multiplication. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. Combine like terms. Divide both sides by 5 2 . Multiply both sides of the equation by 10. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 295. Subtract 10 from both sides. 297. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. Add 2 x to both sides. 296. Combine like terms on each side. x−y+y=5+y x=5+y 2(5 + y) + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y + 5y = 2 − 5y + 5y 10 + 8y = 2 10 − 10 + 8y = 2 − 10 8y = −8 y = −1 x − (−1) = 5 x+1=5 x=4 −1). y = 10 The solution for the system of equations is (2. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x.

Substitute the value of x into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for y. Use the commutative property of addition. Add 3 to both sides. 298. Simplify. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. Divide both sides by 3. Simplify. Subtract 3 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. 184 y + 10 − 10 = 3x − 10 y = 3x − 10 4(3x − 10) + 31 = 3x 4(3x) − 4 (10) + 31 = 3x 12x − 40 + 31 = 3x 12x − 9 = 3x 12x − 9 + 9 = 3x + 9 Team-LRN . Subtract 12 from both sides. Subtract 5 from both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y.501 Algebra Questions Divide both sides by 2. Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 7. Simplify.1). Combine like terms. Simplify the term and subtract 6 from both sides. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms on each side. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Add 9 to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms. Subtract y from both sides of the equation. Now express x in terms of y. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. Transform the second equation so that the x − 3 + 3 = 2y + 3 x = 2y + 3 (2y + 3) + 5y = 10 2y + 5y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 − 3 = 10 − 3 7y = 7 y=1 x + 5(1) = 10 x + 5 − 5 = 10 − 5 x=5 value of y is expressed in terms of x. Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation.3). Add y to both sides. Transform the second equation so that the value = 2 x+y=5 2x + 2y 2 10 x+y−y=5−y x=5−y 3(5 − y) + 2y = 12 3(5) − 3y + 2y = 12 15 − y = 12 15 − y + y = 12 + y 15 = 12 + y 15 − 12 = 12 − 12 + y 3=y 3x + 2 (3) = 12 3x + 6 − 6 = 12 − 6 3x = 6 x=2 of x is expressed in terms of y. The solution for the system of equations is (2. 299. Substitute the found value for y into the ﬁrst equation and solve for x.

The solution for the system of equations is (1. Add 6 to both sides. First. 3(4 − ( 3 )) = 3(3y − 2) Use the distributive property 22 − 8y of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side. −4 = y Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. 3x + 9 = 20 − 4y 3x + 9 − 9 = 20 − 9 − 4y 3x = 11 − 4y x= 11 − 4y 3 4 − 2x = 3y − 2 4 − 2( Multiply the numerator by the factor 2. x=9 Divide both sides by The solution for the system of equations is (9. Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 3. Divide both sides by 9. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. 11 − 4y 3 ) = 3y − 2 22 − 8y ( 3 ) = 3y − 2 185 Team-LRN . Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. 4 − 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 − 4 −2x = −18 Simplify. 6 − 10 + 8y = 9y + 6 − 6 −4 + 8y = 9y Combine like terms on each side. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x.−4). Subtract 9 from both sides. Subtract 3x from both sides. 300. 3(4) − 3( 3 ) = 3(3y) − 3(2) Simplify each term. 4− Multiply both sides of the equation by 3 22 − 8y to eliminate the denominator. 12 − 22 + 8y = 9y − 6 −10 + 8y = 9y − 6 Combine like terms. −4 + 8y − 8y = 9y − 8y Subtract 8y from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Begin with the second equation and 12x = 3x + 9 12x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 9 9x = 9 x=1 y + 10 = 3(1) y + 10 − 10 = 3 − 10 y = −7 express x in terms of y. Subtract 10 from both sides. 2(2 − x) = 3(−4) − 2 Distributive property of multiplication. 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 Subtract 4 from both sides. use the distributive property to simplify the equation.−7). −2. 12 − (22 − 8y) = 9y − 6 Simplify the second term and the − sign.

multiplying. or 5x2y − 3x2y = 2x2y. 13 3n + 5n = 8n. subtracting. add the exponents and write the base only once: (a4)(a3) = a(4 + 3) = a7 = ax(2 + 1)y(3 + 5) = ax3y8 (x2y3)(axy5) Team-LRN . and dividing expressions that contain variables with exponents. Tips for Working with Exponents Add and subtract like terms: When multiplying variables with exponents. the variables have exponents. you will practice adding. You will follow all the rules you have learned about operating with variables.Working with Exponents In this chapter. but in this chapter. if the variables are the same.

list terms in order from highest power to lowest power. the exponent will have a negative sign: 2x3 x4 n5 n8 = 2x−1 = n5−8 = n−3 A negative numerator becomes positive when the variable is moved into the denominator. you subtract the exponents: n5 n2 = n·n·n·n·n n·n = n5−2 = n3 If the exponent of a similar term in the denominator is larger than the one in the numerator. if the variables are the same. r2 187 Team-LRN . 2x−1 = 2( x1 ) = n−3 = 1 n3 1 2 x When the result of a division leaves an exponent of zero. Generally. the term raised to the power of zero equals 1: z0 = 1 3 r 2 = 3r 0 = 3(1) = 3 When a variable with an exponent is raised to a power. PEMDAS.501 Algebra Questions When dividing variables with exponents. you multiply the exponent to form the new term: (b2)3 = b2 · b2 · b2 = b2 + b2 + b2 = b6 (2x2y)2 = 2x2y · 2x2y = 2 · 2 · x2 · x2 · y · y = 22x2+2y1+1 = 4x4y2 Remember order of operations.

312. 317. 9mn3 + 8mn + 2mn3 304. (3xy5)2 − 11x2y2(4y4)2 315. 4x−2(5ax)2 318. 316.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions: 301. (5a2x3y)3 320. (2xy · x )2 + (3y)2 188 Team-LRN . (5n2)(2n5 − 2n3 + 3n7) 307. 3x2 + 9x2 302. 313. (4a2)3 + (2a3)2 − 11a6 311. 7ax (a2x)2 (4b)2x−2 (2ab2x)2 4 (2x2y)4 323. 314. 5c2 + 3c − 2c2 + 4 − 7c 305. (5a2 · 3ab) + 2a3b 309. 3x2 + 4ax − 8a2 + 7x2 − 2ax + 7a2 306. (4x2y)3 + 2x2y 322. 5ab4 − ab4 303. (ab2)3 + 2b2 − (4a)3b6 324. 8xy2 2xy (3x)3 x2 • x4 (12s2)(2s4) 3s3 7a2b5 28ab2 2(3x2y)2(xy)3 3(xy)2 2x2y5 x5y3 3x−2 x5 24x3 (2x)2 2x x8 3x5 x4 (3ax)2 a2 x 310. 4xy · 3xy + 7x2y2 308. 9y2 325. − 321. − + 319.

( ). or [ ]. (10 · n2 + 5) − (10 · n2 + 3) + (15 · n2 + 7) 10n7 − 10n5 + 15n9 Show expression in decreasing exponential order. Add like terms. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 303. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Use the commutative property 3x2 + 9x2 = 12x2 5ab4 − ab4 = 4ab4 9mn3 + 2mn3 + 8mn 11mn3 + 8mn 5c2 − 2c2 − 7c + 3c + 4 3c2 − 4c + 4 3x2 + 7x2 + 4ax − 2ax − 8a2 + 7a2 10x2 + 2ax − a2 (5n2)(2n5) − (5n2)(2n3) + (5n2)(3n7) of addition. Use the distributive property. 301. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. (12x2y2) + 7x2y2 Combine like terms. 19x2y2 189 Team-LRN . 15n9 + 10n7 − 10n5 307. { }.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Subtract like terms. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Use the commutative property of addition. 306. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). (5 · 2 · n2n5) . add the exponents of the variables. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. 304. 305. Combine like terms. (4 · 3xxyy) + 7x2y2 When the same variables are multiplied. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of multiplication. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written.(5 · 2 · n2n3) + (5 · 3 · n2n7) Add the exponents of the variables. Regardless of what symbol is used. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 302.

Another way of solving this problem is to multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. Simplify terms. 12 · 2s2 · s4 3s3 12 · 2s2 + 4 3s3 8s6 s3 190 Team-LRN . When similar factors. are being divided. Terms within parentheses are the base of 8xy2 2xy = 4xy2 xy 4xy2 xy = 4x1−1y2−1 4x0y1 = 4(1)y = 4y (4a2)(4a2)(4a2) + (2a3)(2a3) − 11a6 (4 · 4 · 4)(a2 · a2 · a2) + (2 · 2)(a3 · a3) − 11a6 64(a2+2+2) + 4(a3+3) − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 the exponent outside the parentheses. multiply the exponents of each 33x3 x2 • x4 33x3 27x3 2+4 = x6 x In the numerator. 27x3−6 = 27x−3 27x−3 = 27x 3 When similar factors. 312. 4(1)3a(2)3 + 2(1)2a(3)2 − 11a6 43a6 + 22a6 − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 311. Simplify the expressions in the exponents. 15a3b + 2a3b Combine like terms. add the exponents of the variables. or bases. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. When similar factors. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Simplify. are being divided. In the denominator. add the exponents of the variables.501 Algebra Questions 308. or bases. or bases. Divide numerical terms. you subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. When the same variables are multiplied. (5 · 3a2ab) + 2a3b When the same variables are multiplied. add the exponents of similar bases. Combine like terms. add the exponents of the variables. factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. Simplify the exponent and coefﬁcients. 17a3b 309. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 310. are multiplied. Simplify. Commutative property of multiplication. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator.

Simplify the operations in the exponents. are multiplied. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside = 1a2b5 4ab2 1a2b5 1a2−1b5−2 = 4 4ab2 1b3 1a 4 a1b3 1 3 4 = 4 ab the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. or bases. Factor out like numerical terms in the fraction. When similar factors. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Use the commutative property of multiplication. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. 313. 317. add the exponents of the variables. 315. are multiplied.501 Algebra Questions When similar factors. When similar factors. are being divided. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. 4x−2(52a2x2) 4 · 52 · a2x2x−2 191 Team-LRN . When similar factors. Either expression is an acceptable answer. Combine like terms. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. or bases. or bases. Simplify the operations in the exponents. are being divided. or bases. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 32x2y10 − 11x2y242y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 42x2y2y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 16 · x2y10 9x2y10 − 176x2y10 −167x2y10 2(32x4y2)(x3y3) 3(x2y2) 2 · 9 · x4x3y2y3 3x2y2 2 · 9 · x4+3y2+3 3x2y2 6x7y5 x2y2 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. When similar factors. are being divided. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. When similar factors. Divide out the common factor of 7 in the 8s6−3 = 8s3 1 · 7a2b5 4 · 7ab2 numerator and denominator. are being divided. or bases. add the exponents of the variables. 6x7−2y5−2 6x5y3 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 2x2y5 x5y3 = 2x2−5y5−3 2x2−5y5−3 = 2x−3y2 2x−3y2 = 2y2 x3 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Simplify exponents. 314. or bases. Evaluate numerical factors. Separate the coefﬁcient from the variable. and simplify exponents with operations. Use the commutative property of multiplication. 316.

320. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. When similar factors. Subtract like terms. or bases. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Multiply the exponents of each factor 24x3 22x2 6x3 x2 + 3x5 x4 − 32a2x2 a2x + 3x5 x4 − 9a2x2 a2x 6x3−2 + 3x5−4 − 9a2−2x2−1 6x1 + 3x1 − 9a0x1 6x + 3x − 9(1)x 6x + 3x − 9x = 0x = 0 inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients and divide out common numerical factors in the terms. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. are being divided. Any base to the power of 0 = 1. Add like terms. are being divided. add the exponents. theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Any term to the power of zero equals 1. are being divided. Identity element of multiplication. When similar factors. 319. 318. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. are being multiplied. Combine like terms. Simplify the operations in the exponents. When similar factors. or bases. 192 43x6y3 + 24x8y4 2x2y 43x6y3 + 24−1x8−2y4−1 43x6y3 + 23x6y3 64x6y3 + 8x6y3 72x6y3 7ax a4x2 322. or bases. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside 53a6x9y3 125a6x9y3 the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. or bases. 321. or bases. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. When similar factors. Simplify the operations in the exponents. 100a2x2x−2 100a2x2−2 100a2x0 100a2(1) 100a2 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7a1−4x1−2 Team-LRN . When similar factors. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcient.501 Algebra Questions Evaluate numerical terms. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 3x−2−5 − 2x1−8 3x−7 − 2x−7 x−7 x−7 = 1 x7 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. are being divided.

Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. 325. 7a−3x−1 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. Evaluate numerical factors. a3b6 + 2b2 − 43a3b6 a3b6 + 2b2 − 64a3b6 2b2 − 64a3b6 + a3b6 2b2 − 63a3b6 42b2x−2 22a2b4x2 16b2x−2 4a2b4x2 4b2x−2 a2b4x2 4b2−4x−2−2 a2 4b−2x−4 a2 4 a2b2x4 4 324. Use the commutative property of addition. When similar factors. are being divided. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Evaluate numerical factors. or bases. Divide out the common factor of x2 in the numerator and denominator. 7a−3x−1 = 323. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7 a3x1 = 7 a3x theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. 9y2 32y2 9y2 42 (22x2y2)( x2 ) + 32y2 16 9y2 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 9y2 16 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 1 (4x2y2)16 )+1 x2 4 · 16x2y2 ( x2 ) + 1 64x2y2 +1 x2 ( 64y2 + 1 193 Team-LRN . A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. The last term is equivalent to 1. by the exponent outside the parentheses. Use the commutative property of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the operations in the exponents. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. (2xy)2 · ( x )2 + Repeat the previous step. Simplify the numerical factors in the numerator and the denominator. Multiply the fraction in the ﬁrst term by the factor in the ﬁrst term. Combine like terms in the expression.

14 a(b + c + d + e) = ab + ac + ad + ae Tips for Multiplying Polynomials When multiplying a polynomial by a monomial. you will practice solving problems multiplying a monomial (one term) and a polynomial.Multiplying Polynomials This chapter will present problems for you to solve in the multiplication of polynomials. Speciﬁcally. multiplying binomials (expressions with two terms). you use the distributive property of multiplication to multiply each term in the polynomial by the monomial. and multiplying a trinomial and a binomial. Team-LRN .

Multiply the ﬁrst terms of each binomial. ([a] + b)(c + [d]) gives the term ad. ac + ad + bc + bd Multiplying a trinomial by a binomial is relatively easy. (a + b)(c + d) F is for ﬁrst. (3x2 + y2)(x2 − 2y2) 339.501 Algebra Questions When multiplying a binomial by a binomial. (x + 2)(x − 3y) 335. ([a] + b)([c] + d) gives the term ac. (a + [b])([c] + d) gives the term bc. (x + 3)(x + 5) 332. you use the mnemonic FOIL to remind you of the order with which you multiply terms in the binomials. (4 + x2)(9 − 4x) x 3 6x − 1 x2 ) 195 Team-LRN . (x − 4)(x − 9) 333. Multiply each term in the trinomial by the ﬁrst and then the second term in the binomial. Multiply the outer terms of each binomial. I is for inner. (7x + 2y)(2x − 4y) 336. x(3x + 4y − 8) 327. Multiply the last terms of each binomial. Then you combine the terms. 4bc(3b2c + 7b − 9c + 2bc2 − 8) 329. (a + [b])(c + [d]) gives the term bd. Multiply the inner terms of each binomial. 326. (28x + 7)( 7 − 11) 338. (5x + 7)(5x − 7) 337. 4x(9x3 + x2 − x4 + 331. Then add the results. O is for outer. (2x + 1)(3x − 7) 334. L is for last. 2a(5a2 − 7a + 9) 328. (a + b)(c + d + e) = (ac + ad + ae) + (bc + bd + be) Multiply the following polynomials. You proceed similarly to the way you would when using the distributive property of multiplication. 3mn(−4m + 6n + 7mn2 − 3m2n) 330.

(3y − 7)(6y2 − 3y + 7) 345. (x + 2)(2x + 1)(x − 1) 347.501 Algebra Questions 340. (2x2 + y2)(x2 − y2) 341. (3a − 4)(5a + 2)(a + 3) 348. (3x2 + 4)(x − 3)(3x2 − 4) 196 Team-LRN . (3x + 2)(2x2 − 2x − 5) 346. (4a + b)(5a2 + 2ab − b2) 344. (2n − 3)(2n + 3)(n + 4) 349. (5r − 7)(3r4 + 2r2 + 6) 350. (2x − 3)(x3 + 3x2 − 4x) 343. (x + 2)(3x2 − 4x + 1) 342.

Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. 328. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Simplify terms. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Multiply each term in the trinomial by 2a. { }. x(3x) + x(4y) − x(8) 3x2 + 4xy − 8x 2a(5a2) − 2a(7a) + 2a(9) 10a3 − 14a2 + 18a Simplify terms. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Simplify terms. 4bc(3b2c) + 4bc(7b) − 4bc(9c) + 4bc(2bc2) − 4bc(8) 12b3c2 + 28b2c − 36bc2 + 8b2c3 − 32bc 329. 327. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). ( ). Regardless of what symbol is used. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 3mn. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4bc. 3mn(−4m) + 3mn(6n) + 3mn(7mn2) − 3mn(3m2n) −12m2n + 18mn2 + 21m2n3 − 9m3n2 197 Team-LRN . or [ ]. Multiply each term in the trinomial by x. 326. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Simplify terms. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written.

36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24x0 A variable to the power of zero 8 equals 1. 332.501 Algebra Questions 330. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. −4x5 + 36x4 + 8 x + 24 ([x] + 3)([x] + 5) x2 ([x] + 3)(x + [ 5 ]) +5x (x + [3])([x] + 5) +3x (x + [3])(x + [5]) +15 2 + 5x + 3x + 15 x x2 + 8x + 15 ([x] − 4)([x] − 9) x2 ([x] − 4)(x − [9]) −9x (x − [4])([x] − 9) −4x (x − [4])(x − [9]) +36 x2 − 9x − 4x + 36 x2 − 13x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 Use the distributive property in 12x 24x2 − 4x the numerator of the 4th term. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 331. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Combine like terms. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 When similar factors. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4x. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 36x4 + 12x1−2 − 4x5 + 24x2−2 − 4x1−2 Simplify operations in the exponents. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24(1) Simplify and put in order. Combine like terms. are being divided. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 − 4x−1 Use the associative property of addition. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 36x4 + 8x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the 8 inverse sign for the exponent. 4x(9x3) + 4x( x2 ) − 4x(x4) + 4x( 12x 4x(6x − 1) 3 6x − 1 ) x2 Simplify terms. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 198 Team-LRN . or bases.

Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 333. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 336. Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. ([2x] + 1)([3x] − 7) 6x2 ([2x] + 1)(3x − [7]) −14x (2x + [1])([3x] − 7) +3x (2x + [1])(3x − [7]) −7 6x2 − 14x + 3x − 7 6x2 − 11x − 7 ([x] + 2)([x] − 3y) x2 ([x] + 2)(x − [3y]) −3xy (x + [2])([x] − 3y) +2x (x + [2])(x − [3y]) −6y 2 − 3xy + 2x − 6y x ([7x] + 2y)([2x] − 4y) 14x2 ([7x] + 2y)(2x − [4y]) −28xy (7x + [2y])([2x] − 4y) +4xy (7x + [2y])(2x − [4y]) −8y2 2 − 28xy + 4xy − 8y2 14x 14x2 − 24xy − 8y2 ([5x] + 7)([5x] − 7) 25x2 ([5x] + 7)(5x − [7]) −35x (5x + [7])([5x] − 7) +35x (5x + [7] (5x − [7]) −49 25x2 − 35x + 35x − 49 25x2 − 49 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 335. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Add the products of FOIL together. Add the products of FOIL together. 334. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 199 Team-LRN . Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial.

200 ([2x2] + y2)([x2] − y2) 2x4 ([2x2] + y2)(x2 − [y2]) −2x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − y2) (2x +x2y2 (2x2 + [y2])(x2 − [y2]) −y4 4 − 2x2y2 + x2y2 − y4 2x 2x4 − x2y2 − y4 Team-LRN . Use FOIL to multiply binomials. ([28x] + 7)([ 7 ] − 11) 4x2 x ([28x] + 7)( 7 − [11]) −308x x (28x + [7])([ 7 ] − 11) +x x (28x + [7])( 7 − [11]) −77 2 − 308x + x − 77 4x 4x2 − 307x − 77 ([3x2] + y2)([x2] − 2y2) 3x4 ([3x2] + y2)(x2 − [2y2]) −6x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − 2y2 (3x +x2y2 (3x2 + [y2])(x2 − [2y2]) −2y4 4 − 6x2y2 + x2y2 − 2y4 3x 3x4 − 5x2y2 − 2y4 ([4] + x2)([9] − 4x) +36 2)(9 − [4x]) ([4] + x −16x 2])([9] − 4x) (4 + [x +9x2 2])(9 − [4x]) (4 + [x −4x3 36 − 16x + 9x2 − 4x3 −4x3 x Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 337. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Simplify and put them in order from the highest power. Add the products of FOIL together. 339. 338. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 340. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. + 9x2 − 16x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Add the products of FOIL together.

Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. 3x3 + 2x2 − 7x + 2 342. Simplify terms. 2. 343. x. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property of addition. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions 341. Use the commutative property of addition. [x(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [x(3x2) − x(4x) + x(1)] [3x3 − 4x2 + x] [2(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [2(3x2) − 2(4x) + 2(1)] [6x2 − 8x + 2] Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. 2x. −3. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. 3x3 − 4x2 + 6x2 + x − 8x + 2 Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Simplify terms. [4a(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [4a(5a2) + 4a(2ab) − 4a(b2)] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] [b(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [b(5a2) + b(2ab) − b(b2)] [5a2b + 2ab2 -b3] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] + [5a2b + 2ab2 − b3)] 20a3 + 8a2b + 5a2b − 4ab2 + 2ab2 − b3 20a3 + 13a2b − 2ab2 − b3 201 Team-LRN . Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst [2x(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [2x(x3) + 2x(3x2) − 2x(4x)] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] [−3(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [−3(x3) − 3(3x2) − 3(−4x)] [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] + [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x)] 2x4 + 6x3 − 3x3 + 8x2 − 9x2 + 12x 2x4 + 3x3 − 17x2 + 12x term in the binomial. 4a. b. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. [3x3 − 4x2 + x] + [6x2 − 8x + 2] Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms.

501 Algebra Questions 344. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. (x + [2])([2x] + 1) +4x Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term 346. ([x] + 2)([2x] + 1) 2x2 Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3y. 2x2 + 5x + 2 202 Team-LRN . Simplify terms. Simplify terms. (x + [2])(2x + [1]) +2 2 + x + 4x + 2 Add the products of FOIL together. 2. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Use the commutative property of addition. [3y(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [3y(6y2) − 3y(3y) + 3y(7)] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] [−7(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [−7(6y2) − 7(−3y) − 7(7)] [−42y2 + 21y − 49] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] + [−42y2 + 21y − 49] 18y3 − 9y2 − 42y2 + 21y + 21y − 49 18y3 − 51y2 + 42y − 49 [3x(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [3x(2x2) − 3x(2x) − 3x(5)] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] [2(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [2(2x2) − 2(2x) − 2(5)] [4x2 − 4x − 10] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] + [4x2 − 4x − 10] 6x3 + 4x2 − 6x2 − 15x − 4x − 10 6x3 − 2x2 − 19x − 10 345. 2x Combine like terms. in the binomial.. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3x. Simplify terms. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. −7. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. ([x] + 2)(2x + [1]) +x Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together.

([3a] − 4)([5a] + 2) 15a2 ([3a] − 4)(5a + [2]) +6a (3a − [4])([5a] + 2) −20a (3a − [4])(5a + [2]) −8 2 + 6a − 20a − 8 Add the products of FOIL together.501 Algebra Questions Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. −1. x. a. 3. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. [a(15a2 − 14a − 8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. 15a2 − 14a − 8 Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. 15a Combine like terms. [3(15a2) − 3(14a) − 3(8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. (a + 3)(15a2 − 14a − 8) Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. [45a2 − 42a − 24] 203 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms (x − 1)(2x2 + 5x + 2) [x(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [x(2x2) + x(5x) + x(2)] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] [−1(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [−2x2 − 5x − 2] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] + [−2x2 − 5x − 2] 2x3 + 5x2 − 2x2 + 2x − 5x − 2 2x3 + 3x2 − 3x − 2 in the expression using FOIL. [a(15a2) − a(14a) -a(8)] Simplify terms. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. 347. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial.

Add the products of FOIL together. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. −7. 15a3 + 31a2 − 50a − 24 348. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Now we again have two binomials. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ([2n] − 3)([2n] + 3) 4n2 ([2n] − 3)(2n + [3]) +6n (2n − [3])([2n] + 3) −6n (2n − [3])(2n + [3)] −9 2 + 6n − 6n − 9 4n 4n2 − 9 (n + 4)(4n2 − 9) ([n] + 4)([4n2] − 9) 4n3 ([n] + 4)(4n2 − [9]) −9n (n + [4])([4n2] − 9) +16n2 (n + [4])(4n2 − [9]) −36 3 − 9n + 16n2 − 36 4n 4n3 + 16n2 − 9n − 36 ﬁrst term in the binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 15a3 − 14a2 + 45a2 − 8a − 42a − 24 Combine like terms. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Order terms from the highest to lowest power. Combine like terms. 349. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. [5r (3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [5r (3r4) + 5r (2r2) + 5r (6)] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] [−7(3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [−7(3r4) − 7(2r2) − 7(6)] [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] + [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] 15r5 − 21r4 + 10r3 − 14r2 + 30r − 42 204 Team-LRN . Use FOIL to ﬁnd the solution. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 5r. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] + [45a2 − 42a − 24] Use the commutative property of addition.

Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 350. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. ([3x2] + 4)([x] − 3) 3x3 2] + 4)(x − [3]) ([3x −9x2 2 + [4])([x] − 3) (3x +4x 2 + [4])(x − [3]) (3x −12 3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) (3x (3x2 − 4)(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) [3x2(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [3x2 (3x3) − 3x2(9x2) + 3x2(4x) − 3x2(12)] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] [9x [−4(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] [9x5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] + [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 12x3 − 9x 36x2 + 36x2 − 16x + 48 5 − 27x4 − 16x + 48 9x 205 Team-LRN . Combine like terms. 3x2. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. 3. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the products of FOIL together. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial.

The problems will be presented in random order to give you practice at recognizing which method or combination of methods will be required to factor the polynomial. e.g. The third technique. you look for common factors in the terms of the polynomial. will allow you to factor algebraic expressions that have three terms. called the trinomial factor method. you will factor polynomials that are the difference of two perfect squares. 2x2 + 8 = 2(x2 + 4) Factoring using the difference of two perfect squares: Polynomials in the form x2 − y2 can be factored into two terms: (x + y)(x − y). 15 Tips for Factoring Polynomials Factoring using the greatest common factor: Look for a factor common to every term in the polynomial. You can use three different techniques to factor polynomials. In the ﬁrst technique. Complete explanations of the solutions will follow. In the second.Factoring Polynomials This chapter will present algebraic expressions for you to factor. Factoring using the trinomial method: This method requires you to factor the ﬁrst and third terms and put the factors into the following Team-LRN . Put that factor outside a set of parentheses and the polynomial inside with the factor removed from each term. The trinomial expressions in this chapter will be in the form of x2 ± ax ± b. where a and b are whole numbers.

v4 − 13v2 − 48 375. 9r2 − 36 359. x2 + x − 6 362. x2 + 2x + 1 = (x + 1)(x + 1). 3a2x + 9ax 353. x2 + 20x + 99 371. b2 − 4b − 21 367. x2 − 3x − 18 365. 7n2 − 21n 356. 7x4y2 − 35x2y2 + 14x2y4 357. a2 + 11a − 12 368. x2 + 10x + 25 369. x2 − 20x + 36 207 Team-LRN . 36y4 − z2 370. x2 + 5x + 6 361. 6a + 15 352. Factor the following polynomials. b2 − 9b + 8 366. m2 − 11m + 18 374. b2 − 100 363. x2 − 16 354. x2 + 3x + 2 358. 4a2 − 25 355. x2 + 7x + 12 364. x2 − 2x − 8 360.501 Algebra Questions factored form: ([ ] ± [ ])([ ] ± [ ]). The factors of the ﬁrst term go in the ﬁrst position in the parentheses and the factors of the third term go in the second position in each factor. 351. e. c2 − 12c + 32 372.g. h2 − 12h + 11 373.

The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. The terms have a common factor of 3. 351. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Regardless of what symbol is used. The terms have a common factor of 3ax. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. 4a2 − 25 = (2a + 5)(2a − 5) 2 − 10a + 10a − 25 = 4a2 − 25 Check using FOIL. Factor 3 out of each term and write the expression in factored form. The terms have a common factor of 7n. (x + 4)(x − 4) = x 354. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Both terms in the polynomial are perfect 3a2x + 9ax = 3ax(a + 3) squares. ( ). perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. x2 − 16 = (x + 4)(x − 4) 2 − 4x + 4x − 16 = x2 − 16 Check using FOIL. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. 7x2y2(x2 − 5 + 2y2) 208 Team-LRN . Factor 7n2 − 21n = 7n(n − 3) 7x2y2 out of each term in the expression and write it in factored form. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. (2a + 5)(2a − 5) = 4a 355. Factor 7n out of each term and write the expression in factored form. 356. 353. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 352. The terms have a common factor of 7x2y2. 6a + 15 = 3(2a + 5) Factor 3ax out of each term and write the expression in factored form. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. or [ ]. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. 4a2 = (2a)2. { }. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. and 25 = 52.

You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −2x. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. 360. This expression can be factored using the 9r2 − 36 = (3r + 6)(3r − 6) trinomial method. The factors of x2 are x and x. 358. (x + 2)(x + 1) = x2 + x + 2x + 2 = x2 + 3x + 2 The factors are correct. Check using FOIL. since the third term is −8. Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term. (x + 4)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 4x − 8 = x2 + 2x − 8 Almost correct! Change the position of the factors of the numerical term and check using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. In order to add up to 5x. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. The factors of x2 are x and x. which is what you need. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Try using two positive signs and the factors 2 and 3. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) and (2)(4).501 Algebra Questions 357. 359. and the factors of 2 are 1 and 2. the result of multiplying the Inner and Outer terms of the trinomial factors will have to be positive. The factors of x2 are x and x. the signs in the factor form for trinomials will be the same because only two like signs multiplied together will result in a positive. 9r2 = (3r)2 and 36 = 62. Now consider the second term in the trinomial. (x + 2)(x + 3) = x2 + 2x + 3x + 6 = x2 + 5x + 6 209 Team-LRN . which add up to 5. Since the numerical term of the polynomial is positive. (x + 2)(x − 4) = x2 − 4x + 2x − 8 = x2 − 2x − 8 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. Place the factors into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. Place the factors (2)(4) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3).

(x + 3) (x − 6) = x2 − 6x + 3x − 18 = x2 − 3x − 18 210 Team-LRN . This is not just luck. b2 − 100 = (b + 10)(b − 10) 2 − 10b + 10b − 100 = b2 − 100 Check using FOIL. 362. The factors of x2 are x and x. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). Place the factors (2)(3) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 361. The factors of x2 are x and x. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −18. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +7x. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a −3x. 364. (x + 3)(x + 4) = x2 + 3x + 4x + 12 = x2 + 7x + 12 The result is correct. The factors of x2 are x and x. Since all signs are positive. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +1x. use positive signs in the factored form for the trinomial. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. b2 = (b)2 and 100 = 102. You can use logical guesses to ﬁnd the correct combination of factors and signs. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors (3)(4) would give terms that add up to 7. So use (3)(6) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (x + 3)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 3x − 6 = x2 + x − 6 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. (b + 10)(b − 10) = b 363. Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term that you need with the third term being a −6.

and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) or (2)(4). and the factors of 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +11a. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −9b. Since the signs in the factors must be one positive and one negative. so let’s try two negative signs.501 Algebra Questions 365. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −12. Check the answer using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (b − 1)(b − 8) = b2 − 8b − 1b + 8 = b2 − 9b + 8 366. (b + 3)(b − 7) = b2 − 7b + 3b − 21 = b2 − 4b − 21 367. Use FOIL to check the answer. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of a2 are a and a. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. How can you get 9 from adding the two of the factors of 8? Right! Use the (1)(8). Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −21. The middle term has a negative sign. Check using FOIL. The factors of b2 are b and b. The signs within the parentheses of the factorization of the trinomial must be the same to result in a positive numerical term in the trinomial. use the factors 12 and 1 in the trinomial factors form. (a + 12)(a − 1) = a2 − 1a + 12a − 12 = a2 + 11a − 12 211 Team-LRN . You want the result of the O and I products of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −4b. The factors of b2 are b and b. So let’s use (3) and (7) in the trinomial factors form because the difference between 3 and 7 is 4.

the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both are negative. (x + 9)(x + 11) = x2 + 9x + 11x + 99 = x2 + 20x + 99 371. and the factors of 99 are (1)(99) or (3)(33) or (9)(11). The sign of the numerical term is positive. The factors of x2 are x and x. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. To get a positive 99 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. (6y 370. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +10x. So let’s use (5)(5) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. The only factors of 32 that add up to 12 are 4 and 8. To get a positive 25 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +20x. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (c − 4)(c − 8) = c2 − 8c − 4c + 32 = c2 − 12c + 32 212 Team-LRN . The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. and the factors of 32 are (1)(32) or (2)(16) or (4)(8). This expression can be factored using the trinomial method.501 Algebra Questions 368. The factors of x2 are x and x. So let’s use (9)(11) in the trinomial factors form because 9 + 11 = 20. (6y2 + z)(6y2 − z) 2 + z)(6y2 − z) = 36y4 − 6y2z + 6y2z − z2 = 36y4 − z2 Check using FOIL. Check using FOIL. and the factors of 25 are (1)(25) or (5)(5). (x + 5)(x + 5) = x2 + 5x + 5x + 25 = x2 + 10x + 25 369. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. The factors of x2 are x and x. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. Check using FOIL. 36y2 = (6y2)2 and z2 = (z)2. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both be negative. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place.

so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. Use 3 and 16 and a positive and negative sign in the terms of the trinomial factors. (v2 + 3)(v2 − 16) = v4 − 16v2 + 3v2 − 48 = v4 − 13v − 48 You may notice that one of the two factors of the trinomial expression can itself be factored. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). Check your answer using FOIL. Factor (v2 − 16) using the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. (m − 2)(m − 9) = m2 − 9m − 2m + 18 = m2 − 11m + 18 374. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Check your answer using FOIL. and the factors of 11 are (1)(11). The sign of the numerical term is positive. The factors of m2 are m and m.501 Algebra Questions 372. and the factors of 48 are (1)(48) or (2)(24) or (3)(16) or (4)(12) or (6)(8). The second term is the difference of two perfect squares. The only factors of 18 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 11 are 2 and 9. The sign of the numerical term is positive. (v + 4)(v − 4) = v2 − 4v + 4v − 16 = v2 − 16 This now makes the complete factorization of v4 − 13v2 − 48 = (v2 + 3)(v + 4)(v − 4) 213 Team-LRN . Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −48. So use negative signs in the trinomial factors. Check your answer. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Use them and two subtraction signs in the trinomial factor terms. The only factors of 48 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 13 are 3 and 16. (h − 1)(h − 11) = h2 − 11h − 1h + 11 = h2 − 12h + 11 373. The factors of h2 are h and h. The factors of v4 are (v2)(v2). The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to −11m.

The sign of the numerical term is positive. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. The only factors of 36 that add up to 20 are 2 and 18. (x − 2)(x − 18) = x2 − 18x − 2x + 36 = x2 − 20x + 36 214 Team-LRN . and the factors of 36 are (1)(36) or (2)(18) or (4)(9) or (6)(6). This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. Use them and two negative signs in the trinomial factor form.501 Algebra Questions 375. Check your answer using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same.

the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms will often be whole numbers greater than 1. This will complicate the process of factoring by adding more possibilities to check. Trinomial method. List the factors of the numerical term of the trinomial and consider the choices of factors and signs that will result in the correct trinomial factorization. Then analyze the remaining expression to determine if other factoring methods can be used. In this chapter. The three methods for factoring polynomial expressions are: 1. 3. Greatest common factor method.16 Using Factoring This chapter will present polynomial expressions for you to factor. When presented with a polynomial with a coefﬁcient greater than 1 for the second-degree term. all the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms were 1. 2. In the previous chapter. In some cases you will ﬁnd that you can factor using more than one of the three methods of factoring polynomials on the given expression. Difference of two perfect squares method. Team-LRN . use the trinomial factor form (ax ± ( ))(bx ± ( )) where a · b = the coefﬁcient of the second-degree term. Always look to factor algebraic expressions using the greatest common factor method ﬁrst.

2x2 + 7x + 6 377. 3x2 − 3x − 18 382. 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b 388. use FOIL to check your guesses for the trinomial factors. 6a2 − 13a − 15 384. 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. 8x2 − 6x − 9 216 Team-LRN . 16y2 − 36 386. You will become better at factoring as you learn to look for the combinations of factors that will give you the required results for the ﬁrst-degree term. Be systematic in your attempts to be sure you try all possible choices. Finally. 2a6 + a3 − 21 389. 9x2 + 34x − 8 381. 6x2 + 15x − 36 387. list the possible factors of the second-degree term.501 Algebra Questions After choosing terms to try in the trinomial factors form. place the factors into the trinomial factor form in all possible ways and use FOIL to check for the correct factorization. Next. ﬁrst determine the signs that will be used in the two factors. 6a2 − 5a − 6 385. 376. 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. You will want to do a partial check by ﬁrst completing the O and the I part of FOIL to determine if you have the ﬁrst-degree term right. Factor the following expressions. Then list the factors of the numerical term. Tips for Using Factoring When factoring a trinomial expression. 6a2x − 39ax − 72x 390. 5x2 − 14x − 3 379. 4a2 − 16a − 9 383.

5c2 − 4c − 1 392.501 Algebra Questions 391. 9x3 − 4x 393. 2a2 + 17a − 84 400. 8r2 + 46r + 63 394. 4x4 − 37x2 + 9 395. 12d2 + 7d − 12 396. 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 217 Team-LRN . 4ax2 − 38ax − 66a 398. 4xy3 + 6xy2 − 10xy 397. 3c2 + 19c − 40 399.

(2x + (6))(x + (1)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(1) + (6)x = 2x + 6 x= 8x. You want to get 7x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. or [ ]. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. The one that results in a ﬁrst-degree term of 7x is the factorization you want to fully check. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(2) + (3)x = 4x + 3x = 7x.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. 4x + 3x = 7x. Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (2x)(2) = 4x and the product of the inner terms (3)(x) = 3x. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. the middle term of the trinomial. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. You could make the following guesses for the factors of the original expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). (2x + (2))(x + (3)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(3) + (2)x = 6x + 2x = 8x. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 218 Team-LRN . (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). (2x + (1))(x + (6)) (2x + (6))(x + (1)) (2x + (2))(x + (3)) (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Now just consider the results of the Outer and Inner products of the terms for each guess. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Check using FOIL. (2x + (1))(x + (6)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(6) + (1)x = 12x + x= 13x. 376. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. ( ). perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. That way. The numerical term 6 = (1)(6) = (2)(3). { }. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.

(5x + (1))(x − (3)) Check using FOIL. and 1x(+1) = +1x. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. You want to get 13x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. (3x + 4)(x + 3) Check using FOIL. First—−(3x)(x) = 3x2 Outer—−(3x)(3) = 9x Inner—−(4)(x) = 4x Last—−(4)(3) = 12 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL 3x2 + 9x + 4x + 12 = 3x2 + 13x + 12 The factors check out. The factors of the numerical term 3 = (1)(3). The factors of the numerical term 12 = (1)(12) = (2)(6) = (3)(4). Then 9x + 4x = 13x. Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(3) = 9x and the product of the inner terms (4)(x) = 4x. the signs in the factors must be + and -. Place those terms into the trinomial factor form. 5x2 − 15x + 1x − 3 = 5x2 − 14x − 3 The factors check out. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 5x2 = (5x)(x). Adding (−15x) + (+1x) = −14x. the middle term of the trinomial. (3x + 4)(x + 3) = 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. 5x(−3) = −15x. First—−(5x)(x) = 5x2 Outer—−(5x)(−3) = −15x Inner—−(1)(x) = x Last—−(1)(−3) = −3 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. When you multiply the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors. the results must add up to be −14x. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. The factors check out. 2x2 + 4x + 3x + 6 = 2x2 + 7x + 6 (2x + 3)(x + 2) = 2x2 + 7x + 6 377.501 Algebra Questions Outer—−(2x)(2) = 4x Inner—−(3)(x) = 3x Last—−(3)(2) = 6 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. Multiplying. Both signs in the trinomial are negative. (5x + 1)(x − 3) = 5x2 − 14x − 3 219 Team-LRN . so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form.

that doesn’t work. You can factor out 3 and represent the trinomial as 3(x2 − x − 6). The sign of the second term is negative.501 Algebra Questions 379. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The sign of the numerical term is negative. You are looking for a positive x term in the middle of the expression. The factors of the numerical term 8 = (1)(8) or (2)(4). No. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). The factors of the numerical term 2 = (1)(2). The sign of the numerical term is negative. (9x − 2)(x + 4) 2 + 36x − 2x − 8 = 9x2 + 34x − 8 Check using FOIL. (9x + 1)(x − 8) Using FOIL to check. The three terms have a common factor of 3. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). (3x + 2)(3x + 1) Check using FOIL. we get 9x2 − 72x + 1x − 8 = 9x2 − 71x − 8. The factors of the numerical term 6 are (1)(6) or (2)(3). (3x + 2)(3x + 1) = 9x2 + 3x + 6x + 2 = 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. Try different factors of 8. place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(1) = 3x and the product of the inner terms (2)(3x) = 6x. To get 9x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. Then 3x + 6x = 9x. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(1) = 3x Inner—−(2)(3x) = 6x Last—−(2)(1) = 1 The factors check out. That is the only way to get a negative sign by multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. and don’t forget to include the factor 3 when you are done. the middle term of the trinomial. That tells you that the result of adding the products of the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors must result in a negative sum for the x term. 220 Team-LRN . (x + 2)(x − 3) Check using FOIL. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. Changing position of the signs would help but not with these factors because the term would be +71x. Let’s try putting in factors in the trinomial factor form and see what we get. 9x There it is! And on only the second try. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). 381. Be persistent and learn from your mistakes. because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. Put the + with the 2 and the − with the 3.

the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or (2a)(3a). Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. The factors of the numerical term 9 are (1)(9) or (3)(3). To get a negative sign for the numerical term. (x + 2)(x − 3) = x2 − 3x + 2x − 6 = x2 − x − 6 Include the common factor of 3 so that 3(x + 2)(x − 3) = 3 (x2 − x − 6) = 3x2 − 3x − 18. The factors (6a)(3) = 18a. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. The coefﬁcient of the ﬁrst-degree term is 2 less than 18. First—−(6a)(a) = 6a2 Outer—−(6a)(−3) = −18a Inner—−(5)(a) = 5a Last—−(5)(−3) = −15 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (6a + 5)(a − 3) = 6a2 − 18a + 5a − 15 = 6a2 − 13a − 15. The factors of the numerical term 15 are (1)(15) or (3)(5). the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −.501 Algebra Questions First—−(x)(x) = x2 Outer—−(x)(−3) = −3x Inner—−(2)(x) = 2x Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 The factors check out. The factors check out. 383. First—−(2a)(2a) = 4a2 Outer—−(2a)(−9) = −18a Inner—−(1)(2a) = 2a Last—−(1)(−9) = −9 The result of multiplying the factors is (2a + 1)(2a − 9) = 4a2 − 18a + 2a − 9 = 4a2 − 16a − 9. 382. (6a + 5)(a − 3) Check using FOIL. (2a + 1)(2a − 9) Check using FOIL. You can multiply 2a and (9) to get 18a leaving the factors 2a and (1) to get a 2a. Use this information to place factors within the trinomial factor form. 221 Team-LRN . But we need the thirteen to be negative so arrange the 6a and the (3) so their product is −18a. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 4a2 = (4a)(a) or 4a2 = (2a)(2a). To get a negative sign for the numerical term. The remaining factors (a)(5) = 5a. We can predict that 13 = 18 − 5.

4(4y2 − 9) = 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3). Using the form for the difference of two perfect squares gives you the factors (4y + 6)(4y − 6). Didn’t that work out nicely? A sense of balance can be useful. This expression is the difference between two perfect squares. You need only factor the trinomial within the parentheses. The sign of the numerical term is negative. watch for the greatest common factors ﬁrst. 385. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. This will result in (2)(2)(2y + 3)(2y − 3) or 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3). Try a balanced factor arrangement. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. However. So the term 3(2x2 + 5x − 12) will simplify the trinomial factoring. 3(2x − 3)(x + 4) = 6x2 + 15x − 36 222 Team-LRN . The ﬁrst factorization is equivalent to the second because you can factor out two from each of the factors. The factors of the numerical term 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). When factoring polynomials. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. It’s clear that 8x − 3x = 5x. Use those factors in the trinomial factor form. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 3. Now you need only factor the difference of two simpler perfect squares. (3a + 2)(2a − 3) Check using FOIL. The factors of the numerical term 6 are (6)(1) or (2)(3). To get a negative sign for the numerical term.501 Algebra Questions 384. First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 Outer—−(2x)(4) = 8x Inner—−(−3)(x) = −3x Last—−(−3)(4) = −12 The result of multiplying factors is 2x2 + 8x − 3x − 12 = 2x2 + 5x − 12. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or 6a2 = (2a)(3a). The trinomial looks balanced with a 6 on each end and a 5 in the middle. First—−(3a)(2a) = 6a2 Outer—−(3a)(−3) = −9a Inner—−(2)(a) = 2a Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (3a + 2)(2a − 3) = 6a2 − 9a + 4a − 6 = 6a2 − 5a − 6. The factors (2x)(4) = 8x and the remaining factors (x)(3) = 3x. (2x − 3)(x + 4) Check using FOIL. there is a greatest common factor that could be factored out ﬁrst to leave 4(4y2 − 9). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). 386. Now include the greatest common factor of 3 for the ﬁnal solution.

2b(2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21 = 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b with those exponents? Think of a6 = (a3)2. The resulting expression looks like this: 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21) The sign of the numerical term is negative. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and − because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the ﬁrst degree term is 1(a3). 388. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 2c2 = (2c)(c). Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the Outer and Inner (2c − 3)(c + 7) products when using FOIL to multiply are +14c and −3c. Now include the greatest common factor term. Each term in the polynomial has a common factor of 2b. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). First—−(a3)(2a3) = 2a6 Outer—−(a3)(7) = 7a3 Inner—−(−3)(2a3) = −6a3 Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (a3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) = 2a6 + 7a3 − 6a3 − 21 = 2a6 + a3 − 21. Then the expression becomes 2(a3)2 + (a3) − 21. This expression appears to be in the familiar trinomial form. The difference of 7 and 6 is 1. The factors (2c)(7) = 14c and the associated factors (c)(3) = 3c. The sign of the numerical term is negative. The factors (a3)(7) = 7(a3) and the factors (2(a3))(3) = 6(a3). 3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) (a Check using FOIL. but what’s 223 Team-LRN . The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. First—−(2c)(c) = 2c2 Outer—−(2c)(7) = 14c Inner—−(−3)(c) = −3c Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2c2 + 14c − 3c − 21 = 2c2 + 11c − 21. The factors of the trinomial are correct. Check using FOIL. Now you factor like it was a trinomial expression.501 Algebra Questions 387. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The second-degree term 2(a3)2 = 2(a3)(a3).

the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. (2x − 3)(4x + 3) Check using FOIL. 3x(2a + 3)(a − 8) = 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24) = 6a2x − 39ax − 72x within the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign so the signs within 224 Team-LRN . So use the second-degree term factors (2x)(4x) and the numerical factors (3)(3). The sign of the numerical term is negative. and the related factors (a)(3) = 3a. Placing the numbers into the trinomial factor form is easy because there really are 390. Now include the greatest common factor if 3x. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The factors (2a)(8) = 16a. Factor the trinomial expression inside the parentheses. Place these numbers in the trinomial factor form. Factoring 3x out results in the expression 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24). The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign. The greatest common factor of the terms in the trinomial expression is 3x. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The only factors of the second-degree term are (c)(5c). and check the expression using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8x2 = (x)(8x) or 8x2 = (2x)(4x). The numerical term of the trinomial 9 has factors of (1)(9) or (3)(3). First—−(2x)(4x) = 8x2 Outer—−(2x)(3) = 6x Inner—−(−3)(4x) = −12x Last—−(−3)(3) = −9 The product of the factors (2x − 3)(4x + 3) = 8x2 + 6x − 12x − 9 = 8x2 − 6x − 9.501 Algebra Questions 389. so the signs 391. The difference of 16 and 3 is 13. The numbers 2(3) = 6. The numerical term of the trinomial 1 has factors of (1)(1). The factors of the numerical term 24 are (1)(24) or (2)(12) or (3)(8) or (4)(6). The difference between 12 and 6 is 6. (2a + 3)(a − 8) First—−(2a)(a) = 2a2 Outer—−(2a)(−8) = −16a Inner—−(3)(a) = 3a Last—−(3)(−8) = −24 The result is (2a + 3)(a − 8) = 2a2 − 16a + 3a − 24 = 2a2 − 13a − 24. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the term 2a2 = (2a)(a). What combination will result in a −6x when the Outer and Inner products of the multiplication of the trinomial factors are added together? Consider just the coefﬁcients of x and the numerical term factors. and the corresponding 4(3) = 12.

2r (1) + 4r (63) = 254r is too much. The expression inside the parentheses is the difference of two perfect squares. the factorization of the difference of two perfect squares is (3x − 2)(3x + 2). 2r(3) + 4r (21) = 87r is still too much. First—−(5c)(c) = 5c2 Outer—−(5c)(−1) = −5c Inner—−(1)(c) = c Last—−(1)(−1) = −1 The product of the factors (5c + 1)(c − 1) = 5c2 − 5c + c − 1 = 5c − 4c − 1. Let’s look at the possibilities using the 2r and 4r. Check using FOIL. Getting closer. Factor that expression using the form for the difference of two perfect squares. First—−(2r)(4r) = 8r2 Outer—−(2r)(9) = 18r Inner—−(4r)(7) = 28r Last—−(7)(9) = 63 Add the result of the multiplication. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(2) = 6x Inner—−(−2)(3x) = −6x Last—−(−2)(2) = −4 Include the greatest common factor x in the complete factorization. 8r2 + 18r + 28r + 63 = 8r2 + 46r + 63 The factors check out. The terms in the trinomial expression are all positive. Check using FOIL to multiply terms. 9x2 = (3x)2 4 = 22 Using the form. (5c + 1)(c − 1) Check using FOIL. Now try 2r (9) + 4r (7) = 46r. Just place the + and − signs in the right spot and you’ve got a solution. (2r + 7)(4r + 9) = 8r2 + 46r + 63 225 Team-LRN . The terms of the expression have a greatest common factor of x. Include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression.501 Algebra Questions no choices. Bingo! (2r + 7)(4r + 9) Check using FOIL. Factoring x out of the expression results in x(9x2 − 4). x(3x − 2)(3x + 2) = x(9x2 − 4) = 9x3 − 4x 393. Nope. The numerical term 63 has the factors (1)(63) or (3)(21) or (7)(9). so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be positive. You need two sets of factors that when multiplied and added will result in a 46. 392. 2r (7) + 4r (9) = 50r. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8r2 = (r)(8r) or (2r)(4r). Try 2r (21) and 4r (3) = 54r.

Let’s guess at some middle of the road factors to plug in. What combination will result in a total of 37 when the Outer and Inner products are determined? 4x2(9) = 36x2. When factored out. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term is negative so you will use two − signs. 1 x2 (1) =1 x2 and 36 x2 + 1x2 = 37x2. The numerical term is positive. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1)(x + 3)(x − 3) 395. Try changing the signs around. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) 226 Team-LRN . The last sign is negative so the signs within the factor form will be a + and −. so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be the same. Why? Because they are both the difference of two perfect squares. you can see that the expression is a trinomial that is easy to factor. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) Multiply the factors using FOIL. When you think of x4 = (x2)2. Use these factors in the trinomial factor form. Those are the right terms but the wrong signs. (ax − ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 4x4 = (x2)(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). Use the factor form for the difference of two perfect squares for each factor of the trinomial. The negative sign in front of the numerical term tells you that the signs of the trinomial factors will be + and −. the expression becomes 2xy(2y2 + 3y − 5). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) This expression has a nice balance to it with 12 at the extremities and a modest 7 in the middle. The numerical term 9 has (1)(9) or (3)(3) as factors. Use FOIL to check. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) = 12d2 + 16d − 9d − 12 = 12d2 + 7d − 12 This is the correct factorization of the original expression. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) Check using FOIL and you will ﬁnd (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = 4x4 − 36x2 − x2 + 9 = 4x4 − 37x2 + 9. (4x2 − 1) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1) (x2 − 9) = (x + 3)(x − 3) Put the factors together to complete the factorization of the original expression. Each term in the expression has a common factor of 2xy. (4d + 3)(3d − 4) Using FOIL you ﬁnd (4d + 3)(3d − 4) = 12d2 − 16d + 9d − 12 = 12d2 − 7d − 12.501 Algebra Questions 394. Now you need to notice that the factors of the original trinomial expression are both factorable. 396.

The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the 227 Team-LRN . 398. Now include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. Since 2a(11) = 22a. 2xy(2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2xy(2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5) = 2xy(2y2 + 3x − 5) 397. When factored out. Use those factors in the factor form in such a way that you get the result you seek. (3c − 5)(c + 8) = 3c2 + 24c − 5c − 40 = 3c2 + 19c − 40 The complete factorization of the original expression is (3c − 5)(c + 8). (2y + 5)( y − 1) Multiply using FOIL. Now include the greatest common factor of the original expression to get the complete factorization of the original expression. (2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5 = 2y2 + 3x − 5 The factors of the trinomial expression are correct. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 2a. (2x + 3)(x − 11) Check using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3c2 = c(3c). and 22a − 3a = 19a. The numerical term 33 has (1)(33) or (3)(11) as factors. you can determine that 3c(8) = 24c. The numerical term 40 has (1)(40) or (2)(20) or (4)(10) or (5)(8) as factors. and 24c − 5c = 19c. The expression within the parentheses is a trinomial and can be factored. 2a(2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2a(2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33) = 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33) numerical term has a negative sign. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). (2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33 = 2x2 − 19x − 33 The factorization of the trinomial factor is correct. Only a (+)(-) = (-). Place the factors of the second degree and the numerical terms so that the result of the Outer and Inner multiplication of terms within the factor form of a trinomial expression results in a +3x. use those factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the multiplication of the Outer and Inner terms results in −19x. Using trial and error. The numerical term 5 has factors (5)(1). the resulting expression is 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33). and c(5) = 5c.501 Algebra Questions The factors of the second-degree term are 2y2 = y(2y). You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +19c when the like terms are combined. and a(3) = 3a.

The numerical term 84 has (1)(84) or (2)(42) or (3)(28) or (4)(21) or (6)(14) or (7)(12) as factors. 400. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The term (4x2)2 can be factored as (4x2)2 = x2(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). The factors of the expression will be (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3. (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 12x2 − 10x2 − 30 = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 The expression (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) is the correct factorization of the original expression. Use the factors 2a and a as the ﬁrst terms in the factor form and use (12) and (7) as the numerical terms. and 24a − 7a = 17a. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. However. This expression is in trinomial form. Let’s see: 2(2x4 + x2 − 15) = 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3) = (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 It all comes out the same. 2a(12) = 24a. and a(7) = 7a. Check using FOIL. The numerical term 30 can be factored as (1)(30) or (2)(15) or (3)(10) or (5)(6). the ﬁrst factor has a greatest common factor of 2. (2a − 7)(a + 12) = 2a2 + 24a − 7a − 84 = 2a2 + 17a − 84 The complete factorization of the original expression is (2a − 7)(a + 12). you wouldn’t have done a complete factorization of the original trinomial expression. you can see that the expression is in the trinomial form. The factors (4x2)(3) = 12x2 and x2(10) = 10x2 will give you 12x2 − 10x2 = 2x2 when you perform the Inner and Outer multiplications and combine like terms using FOIL with the terms in the trinomial factor form. The trinomial you will be factoring looks like this: 4(x2)2 + 2(x2) − 30. 228 Team-LRN . Did you notice that you could have used the greatest common factor method to factor out a 2 from each term in the original polynomial? If you did. Use x2 where you usually put a ﬁrst-degree variable. but if you left the factor of 2 in the term (4x2 − 10).501 Algebra Questions 399. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. Place them in position so you get the result that you want. If you think of the variable as x2. you would have had to factor the trinomial expression 2x4 + x2 − 15 and multiply the result by the factor 2 to equal the original expression. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +17a when the like terms are combined. So a complete factorization would be 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3).

The solutions will be the same for equations with or without the numerical factors. Use these methods to factor the equations that have been transformed into quadratic equations. There will be two solutions for each quadratic equation. using the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. let each factor equal zero and solve for the variable. Quadratic equations are those equations that can be written in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. you practiced factoring polynomials by using the greatest common factor method. solutions for all the equations presented here can be found by factoring.) 17 Team-LRN . then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). where a ≠ 0.Solving Quadratic Equations This chapter will give you practice in ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. While there are several methods for solving quadratic equations. (Ignore numerical factors such as the 3 in the factored equation 3(x + 1)(x + 1) = 0 when ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. Then. In the previous chapter. the difference of two perfect squares method. and the trinomial factor method.

401. 9x2 + 12x = −4 417. 2x2 + x = 10 415. y2 − 15y + 56 = 0 405. 8y2 + 56y + 96 = 0 414. 2n2 + 20n + 42 = 0 409.501 Algebra Questions Find the solutions to the following quadratic equations. 14n2 = 7n + 21 420. b2 + b − 90 = 0 406. 36z2 + 78z = −36 424. 8b2 + 10b = 42 419. 12r2 = 192 − 40r 425. n2 − 121 = 0 403. 100r2 = 196 411. 7a2 − 21a − 70 = 0 413. 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 412. 4x2 + 4x = 15 416. a2 + 12a + 32 = 0 404. 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 410. 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 422. 3x2 = 19x − 20 418. x2 − 25 = 0 402. 6b2 + 20b = −9b − 20 421. 24x2 = 3(43x − 15) 230 Team-LRN . 25r2 = 144 408. 7x2 = 52x − 21 423. 4x2 = 81 407.

Combine like terms on each side. 402. { }. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). (n + 11)(n − 11) = 0 (n + 11) = 0 n + 11 − 11 = 0 − 11 n = −11 n − 11 = 0 n − 11 + 11 = 0 + 11 n = 11 231 Team-LRN . The solutions are underlined. The solutions for the equation are n = 11 and n = −11. The solutions for the equation are x = 5 and x = −5. Regardless of what symbol is used. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal zero. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 401. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Add 5 to both sides of the equation. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The expression is the difference of two perfect (x + 5)(x − 5) = 0 (x + 5) = 0 x+5−5=0−5 x = −5 x−5=0 x−5+5=0+5 x=5 squares. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 11 from both sides of the equation. ( ). Combine like terms on each side. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Let the second factor = 0. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Add 11 to both sides of the equation. Let the second factor equal zero. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Combine like terms on each side. or [ ]. Combine like terms on each side.

( y − 7) = 0 Add 7 to both sides. a=−4 Let the second factor equal zero. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). y=7 2 − 15y + 56 = 0 are y = 8 and y = 7. Combine like terms on each side. y=8 Let the second factor equal zero. b−9+9=0+9 Combine like terms on each side. Using the zero product property. y−8+8=0+8 Combine like terms on each side. subtract 10 from both sides. y−7+7=0+7 Combine like terms on each side. a=−8 2 + 12a + 32 = 0 are a = − 4 The solutions for the quadratic equation a and a = − 8. (b − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (b + 10) = 0 b + 10 − 10 = 0 − 10 Combine like terms on each side. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. Using the zero product property. b = −10 Let the second factor equal zero. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. b=9 The solutions for the quadratic equation b2 + b − 90 = 0 are b = −10 and b = 9. (b + 10)(b − 9) = 0 405. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. subtract 4 from both sides. 232 4x2 − 81 = 81 − 81 4x2 − 81 = 0 (2x + 9)(2x − 9) = 0 (2x + 9) = 0 2x + 9 − 9 = 0 − 9 2x = −9 −9 2x 2 = 2 Team-LRN . a+8−8=0−8 Combine like terms on each side. 404. ( y − 8) = 0 Add 8 to both sides. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. Divide both sides by 2. (a + 4)(a + 8) = 0 factor form. The solutions for the equation y factor form. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. (a + 8) = 0 Subtract 8 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (a + 4) = 0 a+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 81 from both sides. ( y − 8)(y − 7) = 0 Using the zero product property. 406.501 Algebra Questions 403.

2x = 9 1 Divide both sides by 2. Using the zero product property. Add 12 to both sides of the equation. Let the second factor = 0. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side. (5r + 12) = 0 5r + 12 − 12 = 0 − 12 5r = −12 5r 5 = −12 5 r= 5 (5r − 12) = 0 5r − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 5r = 12 5r 5 −2 2 = r= 12 5 2 25 2 The solution for the quadratic equation 25r2 = 144 is r = ± 2 5 . 407. Combine like terms on each side. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Subtract 144 from both sides. subtract 6 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. x = −4 2 Let the second factor = 0. Divide both sides by 5. 25r2 − 144 = 144 − 144 25r2 − 144 = 0 (5r + 12)(5r − 12) = 0. 408. Simplify. n = −3 Let the second factor equal zero. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. x = 42 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x2 = 81 are x = −4 2 and x = 4 2 . (2x − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides of the equation. (2n + 6)(n + 7) = 0 (2n + 6) = 0 2n + 6 − 6 = 0 − 6 2n = −6 2n −6 Divide both sides by 2. (n + 7) = 0 Subtract 7 from both sides.501 Algebra Questions Simplify. n = −7 2 + 20n + 42 = 0 are n = −3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2n and n = −7. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Combine like terms on each side. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Transform the equation so that all terms are 1 1 on one side and are equal to zero. 2x − 9 + 9 = 0 + 9 Combine like terms on both sides. 2 = 2 Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 5. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. n+7−7=0−7 Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. 233 Team-LRN .

Divide both sides by 10. (c − 13) = 0 c − 13 + 13 = 0 + 13 Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. add 6 to both sides. 3(x2 − 12x + 36) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Subtract 196 from both sides. (c + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. The solution for the quadratic equation 100r 5 411. 100r2 − 196 = 196 − 196 100r2 − 196 = 0 (10r + 14)(10r − 14) = 0. c = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 are c = 13 and c = −2. (10r + 14) = 0 10r + 14 − 14 = 0 − 14 10r = −14 10r 10 r= (10r − 14) = 0 10r − 14 + 14 = 0 + 14 10r = 14 10r 10 14 10 2 15 10 −1 2 5 = −14 = −7 5 = = 7 5 Simplify terms. Add 14 to both sides of the equation. Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation. r= 2 = 196 is r = ±1 2 . Use the greatest common factor method. Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Use the greatest common factor method. add 13 to both sides. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0).501 Algebra Questions 409. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. Using the zero product property. the solution for the quadratic equation 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 is x = 6. c = 13 Let the second factor equal zero. (x − 6) = 0 x−6+6=0+6 Combine like terms on each side. Let the second factor = 0. Using the zero product property. 410. 3(c2 − 11c − 26) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. Combine like terms on each side. x=6 Since both factors of the trinomial expression are the same. Divide both sides by 10. c+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. 3(c − 13)(c + 2) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. 3(x − 6)(x − 6) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. 234 Team-LRN . Simplify terms.

y = −3 2 + 56y + 96 = 0 are y = −4 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8y and y = −3. (a + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. a+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. Ignore the factor 8 in the expression. 414. ( y + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. add 5 to both sides. Using the zero product property. x= 2 Let the second term equal 0. Use the greatest common factor method. Using the zero product property. subtract 4 from both sides. −2 1 235 Team-LRN . Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Divide both sides by 2. x=2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2x2 + x = 10 are x = −2 2 and x = 2. Combine like terms on each side. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Use the greatest common factor method. 2x2 + x − 10 = 10 − 10 2x2 + x − 10 = 0 (2x + 5)(x − 2) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 Simplify terms. x−2=0 Add 2 to both sides. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression.501 Algebra Questions 412. a=5 Let the second factor equal zero. 7(a2 − 3a − 10) = 0 7(a − 5)(a + 2) = 0 (a − 5) = 0 a−5+5=0+5 Combine like terms on each side. a = −2 2 − 21a − 70 = 0 are a = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7a and a = 5. subtract 5 from both sides. 8( y2 + 7y + 12) = 0 8( y + 4)( y + 3) = 0 ( y + 4) = 0 y+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. equation form. y = −4 Let the second factor equal zero. 413. y+3−3=0−3 Simplify. Using the zero product property. x−2+2=0+2 Simplify.

Divide both sides by 2. Simplify. Divide both sides by 2. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 15 − 15 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 0 (2x − 3)(2x + 5) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 x= 2 (2x − 3) = 0 2x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2x = 3 2x 2 −2 1 = Simplify terms. the solution to the quadratic equation 9x2 + 12x = −4 is x = −2 3. Add 4 to both sides of the equation. x= 3 Since both factors of the trinomial are the same.501 Algebra Questions 415. subtract 2 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. subtract 5 from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Using the zero product property. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Using the zero product property. x= 2 + 4x = 15 are x = −2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x 2 and x = 1 2 . −2 3 236 Team-LRN . 416. 9x2 + 12x + 4 = −4 + 4 9x2 + 12x + 4 = 0 (3x + 2)(3x + 2) = 0 (3x + 2) = 0 3x + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3x = −2 3x 3 = −2 Simplify terms. Add 3 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Divide both sides by 3. Transform the equation into the familiar 1 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. Simplify. Let the second factor equal 0. Simplify terms. Simplify.

Use the greatest common factor method to factor out 2. Simplify. b = −3 2 + 10b = 42 are b = 1 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8b 4 and b = −3. b= Now let the second term equal zero. add 4 to both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. 7 4 3 14 237 Team-LRN . x−5+5=0+5 Simplify. Ignore the factor 2 in the expression. Add 20 to both sides. (b + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 3x2 − 19x = 19x − 19x − 20 3x2 − 19x = −20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = −20 + 20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = 0 (3x − 4)(x − 5) = 0 (3x − 4) = 0 3x − 4 + 4 = 0 + 4 3x = 4 3x 3 = Simplify terms. Using the zero product property. Simplify. Subtract 19x from both sides. Using the zero product property. x=5 2 = 19x − 20 are x = 1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3x 3 and x = 5. Divide both sides by 3. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. Subtract 42 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 4. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify. Transform the equation into the familiar 4 3 1 13 trinomial equation form. 418. Combine like terms. x= Now let the second term equal zero. 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 42 − 42 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 0 2(4b2 + 5b − 21) = 0 2(4b − 7)(b + 3) = 0 (4b − 7) = 0 4b − 7 + 7 = 0 + 7 4b = 7 4b 4 = Simplify terms. b+3−3=0−3 Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 417. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. add 7 to both sides.

add 3 to both sides. Simplify and subtract 21 from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. Simplify the equation. Subtract 7n from both sides of the equation. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Simplify. Simplify and add 20 to both sides of the equation. Add 9b to both sides of the equation. b= 6 Now set the second factor equal to zero. Divide both sides by 6. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. n+1=0 Subtract 1 from both sides. n = −1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 14n2 = 7n + 21 are n = 1 2 and n = −1. 6b2 + 20b + 9b = −9b + 9b − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 20 − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 0 (6b + 5)(b + 4) = 0 (6b + 5) = 0 6b + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 6b = −5 6b 6 = −5 Simplify terms. b+4=0 Subtract 4 from both sides.501 Algebra Questions 419. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. n+1−1=0−1 Simplify. 238 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 2. subtract 5 from both sides. n= Now set the second equal to zero. Simplify. b = −4 2 + 20b = −9b − 20 are The solutions for the quadratic equation 6b b= −5 −5 6 6 and b = −4. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 14n2 − 7n = 7n − 7n + 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 21 − 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 0 7(2n2 − n − 3) = 0 7(2n − 3)(n + 1) = 0 (2n − 3) = 0 2n − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2n = 3 2n 2 = Simplify terms. 420. Using the zero product property. Simplify. Using the zero product property. b+4−4=0−4 Simplify.

Simplify. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 421. x= 7 Now set the second factor equal to zero. Subtract 52x from both sides of the equation. subtract 4 from both sides. Using the zero product property. 5(3x2 − 14x − 24) = 0 5(3x + 4)(x − 6) = 0 (3x + 4) = 0 3x + 4 − 4 = 0 − 4 3x = −4 3x 3 = −4 Simplify terms. x=7 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7x2 = 52x − 21 are x = 7 and x = 7. Now factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Simplify and add 21 to both sides of the equation. 7x2 − 52x = 52x − 52x − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 21 − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 0 (7x − 3)(x − 7) = 0 (7x − 3) = 0 7x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 7x = 3 7x 7 = 3 3 7 Simplify terms. Simplify. Divide both sides by 3. x−7+7=0+7 Simplify. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. x=6 The solutions for the quadratic equation 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 are x= −4 3 −4 3 and x = 6. 239 Team-LRN . 422. x−7=0 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 7. x= 3 Add 6 to both sides. Using the zero product property. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. add 3 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. x−6+6=0+6 Simplify.

r+6−6=0−6 Simplify. (r + 6) = 0 Subtract 6 from both sides. 3r − 8 = 0 Add 8 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression into two factors. Simplify terms. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Simplify terms. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 0 Factor the greatest common factor. The solutions for the quadratic equation and z = −2 36z2 + 78z + 36 = −36 + 36 36z2 + 78z + 36 = 0 6(6z2 + 13z + 6) = 0 6(2z + 3)(3z + 2) = 0 (2z + 3) = 0 2z + 3 − 3 = 0 − 3 2z = −3 2z 2 = −3 2 z= 2 (3z + 2) = 0 3z + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3z = −2 3z 3 −1 1 = −2 z= 36z2 −2 3 1 3 + 78z = −36 are z = −1 2 3 . Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Add 36 to both sides of the equation. Subtract 3 from both sides. 4(3r2 + 10r − 48) = 0 Now factor the trinomial expression. Simplify terms. Subtract 2 from both sides. 4(r + 6)(3r − 8) = 0 Ignoring the numerical factor. set one factor = 0. out of each term. Factor out the greatest common factor from each term. 424. Now let the second factor equal zero. 3r = 8 Divide both sides by 3. 3r − 8 + 8 = 0 + 8 Simplify. Ignore the numerical factor and set the ﬁrst factor equal to zero. Divide both sides by 3. 240 2 8 3 2 23 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 2. 3r 3 = Simplify terms. r= The solutions for the quadratic equation 12r2 = 192 − 40r are r = −6 and r = 2 3 . r = −6 Now set the second factor = 0. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 192 − 40r + 40r − 192 Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions 423. Add (40r − 192) to both sides of the equation. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. 4.

Combine like terms. Simplify terms. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression. Using the zero product property. 241 Team-LRN . add 3 to both sides and divide by 8. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Use the commutative property to move terms. = 3 8x2 = 43x − 15 24x2 3 3(43x − 15) 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 43x − 15 + 15 − 43x 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 0 8x2 − 43x + 15 = 0 (8x − 3)(x − 5) = 0 8x − 3 = 0 8x 8 = 3 3 8 Simplify terms. x= 8 Now let the second factor = 0.501 Algebra Questions 425. Add (15 − 43x) to both sides of the equation. x=5 The solutions for the quadratic equation 24x2 = 3 (43x − 15) are x= 3 8 and x = 5.

Simplifying Radicals This chapter will give you practice in operating with radicals. The most thorough method for factoring is to do a prime factorization of the radicand. a number has two roots. you to ﬁnd the negative root. Nor do all trinomials with whole numbers have whole numbers for solutions. one positive and one negative. You will not always be able to factor polynomials by factoring whole numbers and whole number coefﬁcients. you will need to know how to operate with radicals. The symbol ± 18 Tips for Simplifying Radicals Simplify radicals by completely factoring the radicand and taking out the square root. The symbol − tells asks for both roots. In the last chapters. Team-LRN . tells you to ﬁnd the root of a number. The number The radical sign under the radical sign is called the radicand. Then you look for square roots that can be factored out of the radicand. It is understood in mathematics that or + is telling you to ﬁnd the positive root. Generally.

3 3 + 2 3 = 5 3 or 5 x − 2 x=3 x Product property of radicals When multiplying radicals. 2x 5 = 2x 5 · 5 5 = 10x 52 = 1 52 · 10x = 1 5 10x When there is a radical in the denominator.g. 426. 427.g.501 Algebra Questions e. 12 300 3n2 24x5 243 Team-LRN . radicals can be added and subtracted as if the radicals were variables. If you get rid of the denominator within the radical sign.g. e. e. 428. 4 3·7 5=4·7 3 · 5 = 28 15 Quotient property of radicals When dividing radicals. This is known as rationalizing the denominator. Then you can simplify their roots out of the radical sign. 6√10 3√2 = 6 3 10 2 =2 5 Simplify the following radical expressions. 429. multiply the terms in front of the radicals.g. It is improper form for the radicand to be a fraction. e..g.. e. then multiply the radicands and put that result under the radical sign.. and then divide the radicands. ﬁrst divide the terms in front of the radicals. or 28 = 4x3 = 2·2·7= 2·2· 7=2 7 x·x· x = 2x x 2·2·x·x·x= 2·2· You may also recognize perfect squares within the radicand. you can rationalize the expression as follows: 3 √6 = 3 √6 · √6 √6 = 3√6 6 = 1 2 6 If the radicands are the same. you will no longer have a fractional radicand..

5 64 444. 24 · 6 6√126 √18 244 Team-LRN . 434. 448. 445. 2 439. −2√98 √2 √27 √72 −4 3· · 10 3 27 4 3 √15 · √105 −3 449. 2 437. 50a2b 5 4 3 √7 √12xy √x 435. 3 450. 432. 433.501 Algebra Questions 3x2 4 430. 3+7 3+2 5 7−3 28 b) a2b)(3a 5 · 3 15 16 9 56 4 · 32 √160 √2 √150 √3 8 443. 441. 440. 3 436. (9 438. 442. 446. 447. 431.

factor the radicand. Now take out the square root. { }. 429.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Although it looks complex. First. factor the radicand. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Take out the square roots. factor the radicand and 3·n·n=n 24x5 = look for squares. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 12 = 2·2·3 Now take out the square root of any pair of factors or any perfect squares you recognize. First. 428. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. you can still begin by factoring the terms in the radical sign. Underlined expressions show simpliﬁed result. factor the radicand and look for x 2 √3x 2 3· x·x 2·2 3. or [ ]. 2·2·3=2 3 300 = 3 · 10 · 10 Now take out the square root. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 3x2 4 = 3·x·x 2·2 = 3· = 1 x 2 x·x 2·2 Factoring out the squares leaves This result can be written a few different ways. First. 431. Regardless of what symbol is used. First. 6·2·2·x·x·x·x·x 6x = 2x2 6x 6 · 2 · 2 · x · x · x · x · x = 2x · x 430. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 427. factor the radicand. First. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 50a2b = 2·5·5·a·a·b 2b 2 · 5 · 5 · a · a · b = 5a 245 Team-LRN . the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 426. ( ). 3 · 10 · 10 = 10 3 3n2 = 3·n·n 3 Now take out the square root. 3= = √3 2x = 2x 3 squares. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.

the similar radicals were similar variables. use the product property of radicals and combine the factors in the radicand and outside the radical signs. First. add the “like terms’’ as if √12xy √x = √12xy √x · √x √x √12xy √x · √x √x = √12xyx x √12xyx x = √3 · 4x2y x √3 · 4x2y x = 2 2x√3y x 3y. that is to get the radical out of the denominator. multiply the expression by 1 in a form suitable for this purpose. Finally. Now factor the radicand.501 Algebra Questions 432. 2 2 7 − 3 28 = 2 7 − 3 4 · 7 7−3 4·7=2 7−3·2 7 2 7 − 6 7 = −4 7 437. Factoring out the square roots results in The x in the numerator and the denominator divides out. As in the previous problem. a2b)(3a b) = 9 · 3a a2b · b = 27a 2 a2b2 = 27a · ab = 27a2b 5 · 3 15 = 2 · 3 5 · 15 438. Now simplify the radicand. Simplify the second term of the expression by factoring the radicand. For this expression. Use the product property of radicals to combine the radicands in the numerator. 433. Then see if it can be simpliﬁed any further. In this case. 3 3 + 7 3 + 2 5 = 10 3 + 2 5 The radical terms cannot be added further because the radicands are different. 434. Use the quotient property of radicals and rationalize the denominator. In this expression. In the denominator. Use the product property of radicals to simplify 246 Team-LRN . you must rationalize the 5 4 = √5 √4 = √5 √2 · 2 = √5 2 denominator. a square root times itself is the radicand by itself. Use the identity property of multiplication and multiply the expression by 1 in a form useful for your purposes. 436. leaving 435. (9 the expression. For this expression. combine like terms. rationalize the denominator for this 3 √7 = 3 √7 · √7 √7 = 3√7 7 expression.

Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator and you’re done. Now use the quotient property to simplify the ﬁrst radical. You could proceed in the same way as the previous √160 √2 = √4 · 4 · 2 · 5 √2 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · √5 √2 4√2 · √5 √2 =4 5 solution. √150 √3 · √3 √3 = √150 · √3 √3 · √3 = √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 = = √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 Simplify the numerator. but let’s try another way. Use the quotient property to get the denominator out of the radicand. Simplify the fraction and factor the radicand of the second radical term. 6 5 · 15 = 6 75 = 6 25 · 3 = 6 · 5 Or if you just factor the radicand. Use the product property in the numerator. You should recognize the perfect squares 9 and 16.501 Algebra Questions Now look for a perfect square in the radicand. Use the product property to simplify the numerator. You can multiply and then factor or just factor ﬁrst. You can start by using the product property 16 9 16 9 3 = 30 3 3 = 30 3 16 9 √16 √9 to simplify the expression. √16 √9 · 32 = 32 = · · 32 32 · · 32 = 4 3 16 · 2 = 4 3 ·4 2= 56 4 √56 √4 16√2 3 √56 2 440. 6 5 · 15 = 6 5 · 5 · 3 = 6 · 5 439. 442. Rationalize the denominator. you will see the perfect square as 5 times 5. and you are left with 441. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and the denominator. Factor the radicand seeking perfect squares. For this term. Now simplify the radicand by factoring so that any perfect squares will come out of the radical sign. The common factor in both the numerator and denominator divides out. factor the radicand in the = = √56 2 = √4 · 14 2 = 2√14 2 14. numerator and look for perfect squares. √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 5 · 3√2 3 = 5 · 3√2 3 =5 2 247 Team-LRN .

Then factor the radicand looking for perfect −2√98 · 2 squares. The expression is ﬁne the way it is. You use the quotient property to begin rationalizing the denominator. 2 √2 · √2 Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator. Simplify the perfect squares in the numerator and denominator. Now simplify terms. Simplify the numerator. 248 Team-LRN . simplify the numerator and write the product of the −2√98 · √2 −2√98 · 2 = term in the denominator. Factor the numerator and simplify the perfect square in the denominator.501 Algebra Questions 443. 447. 446. Factor 2 out of the numerator and denominator. 444. Simplify terms by using the product property in the numerator and multiplying terms in the denominator. Now rationalize the denominator. −4 −4 −4 −4 √27 √72 = √9 · 3 √36 · 2 3√3 6√2 = = 3√3 6√2 √3 2√2 √3 2√2 · √2 √2 = √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 √6 4 √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 = √3 · 2 2·2 = 3· 3· 27 = −4 9 · 3 = −4 3· 9·3 Simplify the perfect square. Begin simplifying this term by rationalizing the −2√98 5 8 64 √8 = 5 √64 5√4 · 2 8 5 · 2√2 8 √8 5 √64 = 5√4 · 2 8 = 5 · 2√2 8 = 5√2 4 · √2 = √2 · √2 denominator. Now use the quotient property to continue simplifying. or it could be written as · 10 3 4 · 10 3·3 = = 4 · 10 3·3 √4 · 10 √9 √4 · 10 √9 = 2 3 2√10 3 10. √2 −2√98 · √2 but ﬁrst factor the radicands and look for perfect squares. You can simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator by a factor of 3. Factor the radicand in the last radical. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Using the product property. You will have to rationalize the denominator. put all terms 3·3 3 3· 3 3 · 3 3 = −4 · 3 · ·3· 3· 3 = −12 · 3 = −36 4 3 in one radical sign. √2 Using the product property. The 5 becomes part of the numerator. = − 49 · 2 · 2 = −7 · 2 = −14 2 445.

Begin by factoring the radicand of the second radical. 3 24 · 6 = 3 24 · 6 Now factor the terms in the radicand and look for perfect squares. 18 3 3 Simplify the numerator and divide out common factors in the √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 9 · 2√7 18√7 numerator and denominator. Now use the product property to separate the factors of the second radical term into two radical terms. 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 = 3 · 2 · 6 = 36 Use the product property to simplify the 6√126 · √18 6√126 · 18 = numerator. Then factor the radicand 6√126 · 18 √9 · 7 · 2 · 2 · 9 √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 = = and look for perfect squares. Now simplify the whole numbers. 18 18 Simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator. = 3 = 3 =6 7 3 6√126 √18 · √18 √18 = 6√126 · √18 18 249 Team-LRN . Start this one by using the product property to combine the radicands. Then 3 times 12 equals 36. 449. another perfect square.501 Algebra Questions 448. Another way is to multiply 6 and 24 to get 144. Why? Because you will then have the product of two identical radicals. There is more than one way to simplify √15 · √105 −3 = √15 · √15 · 7 −3 √15 · √15 · 7 −3 = √15 · √15 · √7 −3 15√7 −3 = 15√7 −3 = −5 7 an expression. 3 24 · 6 = 3 4 · 6 · 6 = 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 Simplify the radical. Begin by rationalizing the denominator. 450.

When neither solution works in the original equation. Isolate the radical on one side of an equation before using the squaring property. there is said to be no solution.Solving Radical Equations This chapter will give you more practice operating with radicals. ( x + 5)2 = x + 5. Team-LRN . However.g. An equation is considered a radical equation when the radicand contains a variable. if a = b. Use the following property: When a and b are algebraic expressions. you must be aware of the positive and negative roots. Squaring a radical results in the radical symbol disappearing. the focus here is to use radicals to solve equations. e. then a2 = b2. it is called an extraneous solution. When you use a radical to solve an equation. When one of the solutions does not work. You should always check your results in the original equation to see that both solutions work.. 19 Tips for Solving Radical Equations ■ ■ ■ Squaring both sides of an equation is a valuable tool when solving radical equations.

28 √5x + 1 469. 461. use the radical sign on both sides of the equation to ﬁnd a solution for the variable. 3 n = 13 a = 24 2x − 4 = 4 4x + 6 = 6 3x + 4 + 8 = 12 5x − 4 + 3 = 12 4x + 9 = −13 5x − 6 + 3 = 11 9 − x + 14 = 25 3x + 1 = 15 −x + 7 = 22 100x − 1 25x + 39 464. 3 = 10 − 465. 451. 474. 466. x = 471. x = 473.501 Algebra Questions ■ For second degree equations. 454. Watch for extraneous solutions. −7 3x + 46 + 24 = 38 = 10 − 13x + 43 − 4 = 29 =7 8 − 2x 2x + 3 x + 12 7x − 10 7 467. 3 468. 2 455. 4x + 3 = 2x 2 − 2x = x 3 2x 475. 456. 457. x2 = 135 453. x = 470. Solve the following radical equations. x2 = 64 452. Check your answers. 459. 458. x = 472. 462. 3 463. x = + 10 251 Team-LRN . 460.

452.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. check out. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Simplify the radical. ( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Both solutions. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Simplify both terms. Show both solutions for the square root of 64. Check by substituting in the original equation. The original equation asks for only the positive root of n. 451. x2 = 135 x = 135 = 9 · 15 = ±3 15 (3 15)2 = 135 32( 15)2 = 135 9(15) = 135 135 = 135 (−3 15)2 = 135 (−3)2( 15)2 = 135 (9)(15) = 135 135 = 135 ( n)2 = 132 n = 169 169 = 13 Check the second solution in the original equation. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. or [ ]. First. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. Both solutions. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The solution is underlined. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. x = ±8. Use the radical sign on both sides of the equation. 453. Use the radical sign on both sides of the x2 = 64 x = ±8 (8)2 = 64 64 = 64 (−8)2 = 64 64 = 64 equation. Check the second solution in the original equation. only the positive root n = 13 is to be 252 Team-LRN . x = ±3 15. { }. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). check out. square both sides of the equation. So when you substitute 169 into the original equation.

Check the solution in the original equation. Begin by adding 4 to both sides to isolate the radical. Check the solution in the original equation. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 2. Check your solution in the original equation.5 checks out. Simplify terms. Subtract 8 from both sides in order to isolate the = 7. Simplify terms.5) + 6 = 6 36 = 6 6=6 3x + 4 = 4 ( 3x + 4)2 = 42 3x + 4 = 16 x=4 3(4) + 4 + 8 = 12 16 + 8 = 12 4 + 8 = 12 12 = 12 radical.501 Algebra Questions considered. 454. Check the solution in the original equation. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify terms. The solution x = 4 checks out. Subtract 6 from both sides of the equation. this will become important. Square both sides of the equation. 456. Although this may seem trivial at this point. Divide both sides by 4 and simplify. 457. as the radical equations become more complex. Subtract 4 from both sides and divide by 3. Simplify terms. Isolate the radical on one side of the equation. Now square both sides of the equation. 253 Team-LRN . The solution x = 7. Square both sides of the equation. 2√a 2 = 24 2 a = 12 ( a)2 = 122 a = 144 2 144 = 24 2(12) = 24 24 = 24 2x − 4 + 4 = 4 + 4 2x = 8 ( 2x)2 = 82 2x = 64 x = 32 2(32) − 4 = 4 64 − 4 = 4 8 − 4 = 4. The solution a = 144 checks out. Simplify terms. 13 = 13 checks out.5 4(7. The solution x = 32 checks out. 4 = 4 ( 4x + 6)2 = 62 4x + 6 = 36 4x = 30 x= 30 4 Combine like terms on each side. 455. Square both sides of the equation.

Simplify. Subtract 9 from both sides. Find the positive square root of 64 and add 3. Square both sides of the equation. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation isolating the radical. Multiply both sides by negative 1 to solve for x. Subtract 3 from both sides isolating the radical. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Simplify terms. 5x − 6 = 8 ( 5x − 6)2 = 8 2 5x − 6 = 64 x = 14 5(14) − 6 + 3 = 11 64 + 3 = 11 8 + 3 = 11 11 = 11 9 − x = 11 9 − x = 121 −x = 112 x = −112 9 − (−112) + 14 = 25 121 + 14 = 25 25 = 25 Now square both sides of the equation. Subtract 9 from both sides and then divide by 4. Add 14 and the solution x = −112 checks. The square root of 121 is 11. 459. Add 6 to both sides and divide the result by 5. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Find the positive square root of 81. Simplify the expression under the radical. Subtract 14 from both sides to isolate the radical. 254 Team-LRN . Simplify terms on both sides. The radical sign calls for the positive square root. Add 4 to both sides and then divide by 5. Simplify terms under the radical sign. Square both sides of the equation. 5x − 4 = 9 ( 5x − 4)2 = 92 5x − 4 = 81 x= 85 5 = 17 5(17) − 4 + 3 = 12 81 + 3 = 12 9 + 3 = 12 12 = 12 ( 4x + 9)2 = (−13)2 4x + 9 = 169 x = 40 4(40 + 9) = −13 169 = −13 13 ≠ −13 Simplify terms on both sides of the equation. 460. The solution does not check out. Check the solution in the original equation. 461. Substitute the solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Check your solution in the original equation.501 Algebra Questions 458. The solution x = 14 checks out. Square both sides of the equation. There is no solution for this equation. The solution x = 17 checks out.

Simplify terms. 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 − Combine like terms and simplify the equation.5 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 7 3=3 3x + 46 = 14 3x + 46 = 196 x = 50 3(50) + 46 + 24 = 38 196 + 24 = 38 14 + 24 = 38 38 = 38 100(0. The solution x = 8 checks out. Add 100x − 1 to both sides of the equation. 255 Team-LRN . Square both sides of the equation. 463. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Multiply 3 by the positive root of 25. Subtract 46 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. Square both sides of the equation. Use the positive square root of 25. The solution x = −25 checks out. Subtract 7 from both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. The solution x = 0. Check the solution in the original equation. Multiply both sides by negative 1. divide both sides by 3. Simplify terms under the radical. Subtract 24 from both sides to isolate the radical. Check the solution in the original equation. To isolate the radical. 3x + 1 = 5 ( 3x + 1)2 = 52 3x + 1 = 25 x=8 3 3(8) + 1 = 15 3 25 = 15 3(5) = 15 15 = 15 = 15 =5 −x)2 = 52 ( −x = 25 x = −25 3 −(−25) + 7 = 22 3 25 + 7 = 22 3(5) + 7 = 22 15 + 7 = 22 22 = 22 −x 3 −x Divide both sides by 3 to isolate the radical. The equation asks you to subtract the positive square root of 49 from 10. 100x − 1 + 100x − 1 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 100x − 1 = 7 100x − 1 = 49 x = 0.5 checks out. 464. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Simplify terms. Now subtract 3 from both sides. The solution x = 50 checks out.5) − 1 49 465. Square both sides of the equation. Add 1 to both sides of the equation and divide by 100.501 Algebra Questions 462. Subtract 1 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. Check the solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign.

Divide both sides of the equation by 7. 13x + 43 = 11 13x + 43 = 121 x=6 3 13(6) + 43 − 4 = 29 3 121 − 4 = 29 3(11) − 4 = 29 29 = 29 multiply both sides by 5x + 1. Square both sides of the equation. 25x + 39 = 17 Square both sides. Subtract 43 from both sides and divide by 13. x2 = 8 − 2x Transform the equation by putting all terms on one side. x2 + 2x − 8 = 0 The result is a quadratic equation. add 4 to both sides and divide the result by 3. 25x + 39 = 289 Subtract 39 from both sides and divide the result by 25. Square both sides of the equation. Add 25x + 39 to both sides of the equation. The solution 3 = x checks out. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 − 25x + 39 + 25x + 39 Combine like terms and simplify the equation. 469. 467. Divide the numerator by the positive square root of 16. 468. Check the solution in the original equation. Square 28 = 7 5x + 1 4 = 5x + 1 16 = 5x + 1 3=x 28 √5(3) + 1 28 √16 28 4 =7 =7 =7 7=7 both sides. The radical is alone on one side. (Refer to Chapter 16 for practice and tips for 256 Team-LRN . Check the solution in the original equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign.501 Algebra Questions 466. 289 The equation asks you to subtract the positive −7 = 10 − 17 square root of 289 from 10. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Evaluate the left side of the equation. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. Subtract 1 from both sides and divide the result by 5. x = 10 −7 = 10 − 25(10) + 39 Check the solution in the original equation. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. −7 = −7 The solution x = 10 checks out. Solve for x by factoring using the trinomial factor form and setting each factor equal to zero and solving for x. −7 = 10 − Simplify the expression under the radical sign. The solution x = 6 checks out.

x = −4 is an example of an extraneous root. square both sides. x2 = 2x + 3 x2 − 2x − 3 = (x − 3)(x + 1) = 0 (3) = (−1) = ≠1 2(3 + 3) = 2(−1) + 3 = 9=3 −1 1=1 257 Team-LRN . The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions.) It will be important to check each solution. Then check the solutions in the original equation. The positive square root of 4 is 2. the only solution for the equation is x = 2. The only solution for the original equation is x = 3. Check the solution in the original equation.501 Algebra Questions factoring quadratic equations. Therefore. The solution checks out. Therefore x ≠ −1. x cannot equal −4. Therefore. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. 470. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. Letting each factor equal zero and solving for x results in two possible solutions. The radical sign calls for a positive root. x = 3 and/or −1. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. Subtract 2 from both sides. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. Subtract 4 from both sides. With the radical alone on one side of the x2 + 2x − 8 = (x + 4)(x − 2) = 0 x+4=0 x = −4 (−4) = 8 − 2(−4) −4 −4 = 16 ≠4 x−2=0 x=2 (2) = 8 − 2(2) 2= 4 2=2 equation. Put it into standard form and factor the equation using the trinomial factor form to ﬁnd the solutions. x= −1 is an extraneous root. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. Check the solution in the original equation.

However. (5) = 7(5) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 4 = 16 The solution x = 4 checks out. 2 = 4 or 2 = 2 There are two solutions to the original equation. x2 = x + 12 Subtract (x + 12) from both sides of the equation. and the left side of the original equation when x = −3 is a negative number. x2 − x − 12 = 0 The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions. x = 2 and x = 5. Now check the second solution to the quadratic equation in the original. the radical sign indicates that the positive solution is called for. (4) = (4) + 12 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 258 x2 = 7x − 10 Team-LRN . The second factor will give the solution x = 2. x + 3 = 0 x = −3 Check each solution in the original equation to rule out an extraneous solution. and check each in the original equation to rule out any extraneous solution. 5 = 25 or 5 = 5 The solution x = 5 is a solution to the original equation. x−4=0 x=4 Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. (2) = 7(2) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Check the ﬁrst solution for the quadratic equation in the original equation. So. x = −3 is not a solution. x2 − 7x + 10 = (x − 5)(x − 2) = 0 The ﬁrst factor will give you the solution x = 5. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. Factor the equation to ﬁnd the solutions and check in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. 472. x2 − x − 12 = (x − 4)(x + 3) = 0 Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x.501 Algebra Questions 471. Subtract (7x − 10) from both sides of the equation. x2 − 7x + 10 = 0 Factor the quadratic equation to ﬁnd the solutions. Square both sides of the equation. (−3) = (−3) + 12 You could simplify the expression under the radical sign to get the square root of 9.

There is one solution 1 for the original equation. x = −0. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation.5 4(1.5 2x − 3 = 0. 1 2 2 − 2 x = x2 0 = x2 + 2 x − 2 0 = 2x2 + 7x − 4 2x2 + 7x − 4 = (2x − 1)(x + 4) = 0 2x − 1 = 0. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. 1 2 2 − 7 (−4) = (−4) 2 16 = (−4) or 4 = −4 259 Team-LRN . so x ≠ −0. Factor the result using the trinomial factor form. Check the solution x = −4 in the original equation. The only solution for the original equation is x = 1. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x.501 Algebra Questions 473. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. Simplify the expression. x = 2 . 7 2 x) 4x + 3 = 4x2 4x2 − 4x − 3 = 0 4x2 − 4x − 3 = (2x + 1)(2x − 3) = 0 2x + 1 = 0. This is not true.5) + 3 = 2(1.5) 9 = 3 or 3 = 3 Subtract (2 − from both sides of the equation. Factor using the trinomial factor form. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction. so x = 1 2 7 7 x + 4 = 0.5 for x in the original equation. 474.5. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. Transform the equation into a quadratic equation. so x = −4 2 − 7(1) = (2) 2 2 2− 1 2 7 4 1 = 2 − 13 = 4 1 4 = 1 2 = So x = is a solution. That cannot be true for the original equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. When you substitute −0. Square both sides of the radical equation. the result will be 1 = −1. Simplify the terms on each side of the equal sign.5.5 for x in the original equation. x = 1. Square both sides of the equation. Substitute 1.

4 = 16 or 4 = 4 The solution x = 4 checks out as a solution for the original equation. Multiply the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction.501 Algebra Questions 475. x = −2 2 is not a solution to the original equation. Add ( 2x − 10) to both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. Check the second possible solution 3 − 1 −2 1 = in the original equation. −3 x2 = 2 x + 10 x2 − 2 x − 10 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = (x − 4)(2x + 5) = 0 3 3 4= 3 (4) 2 + 10 Simplify the radical expression. The only solution for this equation is x = 4. x = 4 and/or x = −2 2 . 1 Therefore. 260 Team-LRN . Letting each factor of the trinomial factors equal zero results in two possible solutions for the original 1 equation. 2 ( 2 2 ) + 10 2 A negative number cannot be equal to a positive square root as the radical sign in the original expression calls for. Factor using the trinomial factor form. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation.

one when you add the radical and one when you subtract it. the solution will be x = 2a quadratic formula are also called the roots of the equation. b. The ± in the quadratic equation tells you that there will be two solutions. but factoring is useful only for those equations that can easily be factored. Some solutions will be in the form of whole numbers or fractions. Team-LRN . In Chapter 17 you practiced using factoring to solve quadratic equations. The quadratic formula will allow you to ﬁnd solutions for any quadratic equation that can be put in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0.20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula In this chapter. where a. as when the radicand is equal to a negative number. and c are numbers. Some will be in the form of a radical. Some will be undeﬁned. The quadratic formula tells you that for any equation in the form ax2 + −b ± √b2 − 4ac . you will have the opportunity to practice solving equations using the quadratic formula. The solutions found using the bx + c = 0.

2x2 = 27 484. x2 + 2x − 15 = 0 477.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula ■ ■ ■ Transform the equation into the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. 18x2 + 9x + 1 = 0 480. x2 = −5x −2 2 488. 7x2 = 4(3x + 1) 494. 6x2 + 17x = 28 481. 5x2 + 52x + 20 = 0 487. Use of a calculator is recommended. x2 = 20x − 19 490. you can use a calculator to ﬁnd the value of the radical. When you are asked to ﬁnd the solution to the nearest hundredth. b. Solve the following equations using the quadratic formula. and c in the quadratic equation to determine the solution for the original equation. Use the values for a. 2x2 − 7x − 30 = 0 478. 14x2 = 12x + 32 482. x2 + 7x = 5 489. Reduce answers to their simplest form or to the simplest radical form. 3x2 + 11x − 7 = 0 486. For solutions that contain a radical. 3x2 + 5x = 0 483. 23x2 = 2(8x − 1) 491. 5x2 − 12x + 1 = 0 262 Team-LRN . x2 + 10x + 12 = 0 492. 6x2 + 13x − 28 = 0 479. 5x2 = 18x − 17 485. be sure to simplify the radical as you practiced in Chapter 18. 476. 24x2 + 18x − 6 = 0 493. 1 2 3x + 4x − 3 = 0 3 495.

496. 11r2 − 4r − 7 = 0 497. 4c2 − 11c + 2 = 0 501. 5s2 + 12s − 1 = 0 500. 3m2 + 21m − 8 = 0 498.501 Algebra Questions Find the solution to the following equations to the nearest hundredth. 11k2 − 32k + 10 = 0 263 Team-LRN . 4y2 = 16y − 5 499.

First add the terms in the numerator. or [ ]. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The two solutions for the variable x are x = 3 and x = −5. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). ( ). list the values for a. { }. Regardless of what symbol is used.5. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 477.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. and c. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. First. Find the two solutions for x by simplifying terms. a = 1 b = 2 c = −15 x= x= x= −(2) ± √(2)2 − 4(1)(−15) 2(1) − (−60) 2 −2±√4 −2 = −2 ± √64 2 ±8 2 x= x= −2 +8 2 −2 − 8 2 = = 6 2 = 3 and −10 − 2 = 5 First. a = 2 b = −7 x= −(−7) c = −30 ± √(−7)2 − 4(2)(−30) 2(2) x= 7 ± √49 − (−240) 4 = 7 ± √289 4 = 7 ± 17 4 x= x= 7 + 17 4 7 − 17 4 = = 24 4 = 6 and −10 − 4 = 2. and c. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The solutions are underlined. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 6 and x = −2. b. Evaluate the square root of 64. and then subtract them. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 264 Team-LRN . list the values for a. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 476. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. The equation is in the proper form. The equation is in the proper form.

b. a = 18 b = 9 c = 1 x= x= −(9) ± √(9)2 − 4(18)(1) 2(18) −9 ± √81 − 72 36 = −9 ± √9 36 = −9 ±3 36 The two solutions for the variable x are x 480. list the values for a. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. The equation is in the proper form. Subtract 88 from both sides of the equation. b. Combine like terms on both sides. b. a = 6 b = 13 c = −28 x= x= −(13) −13 ± √(13)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) ± √169 + 672 12 = −13 ± √841 12 = −13 ± 29 12 x= x= + 29 12 −13 − 29 12 −13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 479. Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. First. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 478. 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 28 − 28 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 0 a = 6 b = 17 c = −28 x= x= −(17) ± √(17)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) −17 ± √289 + 672 12 = −17 ± √961 12 = −17 ± 31 12 x= x= + 31 12 −17 − 31 12 −17 = = 1 14 1 12 = 1 6 and −48 − 12 = 4 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 1 6 and x = −4. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. = First. First transform the equation into the −6 −1 +3 36 = 36 = 6 −12 −1 x = 36 = 3 −1 −1 = 6 and x = 3 . list the values for a. 265 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. and c. and c. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. x= −9 and proper form. The equation is in the proper form. 16 1 12 = 1 3 and −42 1 = 12 = −3 2 1 1 1 3 and x = −3 2 . Now list the values for a.

a = 14 b = −12 c = −32 Substitute the values into the −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(14)(−32) quadratic equation. 2x2 − 27 = 27 − 27 or 2x2 − 27 = 0. x= ± √216 2(2) = ± √9 · 4 · 6 2(2) = ± 3 · 2√6 2(2) = ± 3√6 2 266 Team-LRN . 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 0 Now list the values for a. First transform the equation into the proper form. The equation may not appear to be in proper form because there is no value for c. b. However. Simplify the expression. and then your values would be a = 3. and c values. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. the solution would have been the same. = Yes. x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(3)(0) 2(3) x=− x= 5 ± √25 − 0 6 = −5 ±5 6 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 0 and x 483. x= 12 ± √144 + 1792 28 = 12 ± √1936 28 = 12 ± 44 28 x= x= 12 + 44 28 12 − 44 28 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 56 28 = 2 and −32 1 = 28 = −1 7 1 2 and x = −1 7 . b. and c. there appears to be no coefﬁcient for the x term unless you realize that 0x = 0. Subtract 27 from both sides of the +5 6 −5 − 5 x= 6 2 = −1 3 .501 Algebra Questions 481. −5 = = 0 6 = 0 and −10 − 2 6 = 13 equation. a = 2 b = 0 c = −27 Substitute the values into the −(0) ± √(0)2 − 4(2)(−27) quadratic equation. x= 2(2) Simplify the expression. 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 12x + 32 − 12x − 32 Combine like terms. Try it yourself. x= 2(14) Simplify the expression. But you could write it as 3x2 + 5x + 0 = 0. you could have divided both sides of the equation by 2 before listing your a. In this equation. 482. and c = 0. Add (−12x − 32) to both sides of the equation. So you could write the equation in the proper form like this: 2x2 + 0x − 27 = 0 Now list the values for a. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. b = 5. and c. b.

± √(52)2 − 4(5)(20) 2(5) −52 ± √2704 − 400 10 = −52 ± √2304 10 = −52 ± 48 10 Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Since there is no rational number equal to the square root of a negative number. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 18x − 18x − 17 + 17 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 0 a = 5 b = −18 c = 17 x= x= −(−18) ± √(−18)2 − 4(5)(17) 2(5) 18 ± √324 − 340 10 = 18 ± √−16 10 and c. Transform the equation into the desired form. ± 3√6 2 = ± 12 1 1 6 6. Simplify the expression. there are no solutions for this equation. a = 3 b = 11 c = −7 x= x= −(11) ± √(11)2 − 4(3)(−7) 2(3) −11 ± √121 + 84 6 5 1 6 = −11 ± √205 6 = −1 6 ± 5 1 6 205 The solutions for the variable x are x = −1 6 ± 486. Simplify the expression. 485. List the values of a.4 and −100 − 10 = 10 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −0. and c. b. b. a = 5 b = 52 c = 20 x= x= −(52) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. The two solutions for the variable x are x = ± 1 2 484. and c. Simplify the expression. List the values of a. x= x= + 48 10 − 52 − 48 10 −52 = = −4 − 10 = 0. Now list the values for a. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 267 Team-LRN .4 and x = −10.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the radical. Combine like terms on both sides. 205. Subtract 18x and add 17 to both sides.

488. Transform the equation into proper form. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 490. List the values of a. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. x2 + 7x − 5 = 0 a = 1 b = 7 c = −5 x= x= 1 −(7) ± √(7)2 − 4(1)(−5) 2(1) −7 ± √49 + 20 2 1 2 = −7 ± √69 2 = −3 2 ± 1 1 2 69 The solution for the variable x is x = −3 2 ± 489. multiply both sides of the equation by 2. List the values of a. 23x2 = 16x − 2 23x2 − 16x + 2 = 0 a = 23 b = −16 c = 2 x= −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(23)(2) 2(23) 268 Team-LRN . b. and c. and c. x= x= 20 ± √400 − 76 2 = 20 ± √324 2 = 20 ±18 2 20 + 18 2 20 − 18 2 = = 38 2 = 19 2 2 =1 and The two solutions for the variable x are x = 19 and x = 1. Subtract 16x and add 2 to both sides. b. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 487. b. Transform the equation by subtracting 5 from both sides. and c. Simplify the expression. 20x and adding 19 to both sides of the equation. 2x2 = −5x − 2 2x2 + 5x + 2 = 0 a=2 b=5 c=2 x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(2)(2) 2(2) −2 −1 = −5 ± √25 − 16 2(2) −5 = −8 −5 ±3 4 x= −5 +3 4 = 4 = 1 2 and x = −3 4 = 4 = −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = − 2 and x = −2. x= Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. x2 − 20x + 19 = 0 a = 1 b = −20 c = 19 x= −(−20) ± √(−20)2 − 4(1)(19) 2(1) Simplify the expression. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the right side of the equation. List the values of a. Transform the equation by subtracting 69. List the values of a. First. Then add 5x + 2 to both sides of the equation. b. and c.

List the values of a. ± √(18)2 − 4(24)(−6) 2(24) −18 ± √324 + 576 48 = −18 ± √900 48 = −18 ± 30 48 x= x= + 30 48 −18 − 30 48 1 4 −18 = = 12 1 48 = 4 and −48 − 48 = 1 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 493. 2. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. a = 1 b = 10 c = 12 x= −(10) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. x= −10 ± √(102 − 4(1)(12) 2(1) ± √100 − 48 2 = −10 ± √52 2 = −10 ± √4 · 13 2 = −10 ± 2√13 2 = −5 ± 13. Simplify the expression. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. Then subtract (12x + 4) from both sides. First use the distributive property of multiplication. proper form. Simplify the expression. 13 and x = −5 − a = 24 b = 18 c = −6 x= x= −(18) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c. Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −5 + 492. Transform the equation into the and x = −1. List the values of a. 269 Team-LRN . b. and c. 7x2 = 4(3x) + 4(1) = 12x + 4 7x2 − 12x − 4 = 0 a=7 b = −12 c = −4 x= x= −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(7)(−4) 2(7) 12 ± √144 + 112 14 = 12 ± √256 14 = 12 ± 16 14 x= x= 12 + 16 14 12 − 16 14 = = 28 14 −4 14 = 2 and = −2 7 −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 2 and x = 7 . List the values of a. b.501 Algebra Questions x= 16 ± √256 − 184 2(23) = 16 ± √72 2(23) = 16 ± √4 · 9 · 2 2(23) 8 23 = ± 2 · 8 ± 2 · 3 √2 2(23) 3 23 = 8 ± 3 √2 23 = 8 23 ± 3 23 2 The solution for the variable x is x = 491.

you get Simplify the terms. and c.17 6 −21 − 23. but it might be easier to ﬁrst transform the equation by multiplying it by 12. List the values of a.17.17 6 = = 2. 270 Team-LRN . + 3√73 8 and x = 9 − 3√73 . Simplify the expression. 6 + √31 5 and x = a = 11 b = −4 x= −(−4) c = −7 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. You could use the fractions as values for a and b. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. and c.64 The two solutions for the variable r are r = 1 and r = −0. b. List the values of a. 12( 3 x2 + 4 x − 3 = 0) 12(13x2) + 12( 4 x) − 12(3) = 12(0). = 6 ± √31 5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 496. b.17 6 = 0.36 6 The two solutions for the variable m are m = 0. 12 ± √144 − 20 = x= 2(5) ± √(−12)2 − 4(5)(1) 2(5) = 12 ± √4 · 31 2(5) = 12 ± 2√31 2(5) 6 − √31 5 .17 = −7.64. Using the distributive property.36 and −44.36 and m = −7. List the values of a. and c. 4x2 + 9x − 36 = 0 a = 4 b = 9 c = −36 x= x= = −(9) 1 3 3 ± √(9)2 − 4(4)(−36) 2(4) −9 ± √657 ± √81 + 576 = 8 8 −9 ± √9 · 73 −9 ± 3 √73 = 8 8 −9 −9 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 495. ± √(21)2 − 4(3)(−8) 2(3) −21 ± √441 + 96 6 = −21 ± √537 6 m= m= −21 + 23. Substitute into the expression and simplify.501 Algebra Questions 494. r= Find the two solutions for r by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. b. The square root of 537 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 23.36. r = r= 4 ± √16 + 308 22 4 + 18 22 4 − 18 22 = 4 ± √324 22 = 4 ± 18 22 = = 22 22 = 1 and −14 − 22 = 0. Simplify the expression. a = 3 b = 21 c = −8 m= m= −(21) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 8 a = 5 b = −12 x= 12 ± √124 2(5) −(−12) c=1 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 497. List the values of a. and c. ± √(−4)2 − 4(11)(−7) 2(11) Simplify the expression.

± √(12)2 − 4(5)(−1) 2(5) Simplify the expression. 16 ± √256 − 80 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 16y − 5 − 16y + 5 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 0 a = 4 b = −16 c = 5 y= = −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(4)(5) 2(4) 16 ± √176 8 = 16 ± √16 · 11 8 = 16 ± 4√11 8 y= y= 16 + 4 (3. b. − 12.43 = = 8 8 8 11 + 9. List the values of a.48 The two solutions for the variable s are s = 0.17 22 = 56. s= −12 ± √144 + 20 10 = −12 ± √164 10 −12 + 12. List the values of a.43 20. ± √(−32)2 − 4(11)(10) 2(11) 32 ± √1024 − 440 22 32 + 24. Substitute into the expression and simplify. ± √(−11)2 − 4(4)(2) 2(4) 11 ± √121 − 32 11 ± √89 11 ± 9. and c. a = 11 b = −32 k= k= k= k= −(−32) c = 10 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.17 22 = 2.55 and = 7.72 = 8 = 0.081 −24.8322 = 0.43 1.20.20 8 The two solutions for the variable c are c = 2.43 = 8 = 2. y= 8 The square root of 11 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 3.55 and k = 0.55 and c = 0.81 10 −12 = 0. b. Simplify the expression.81 and s = 500. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.17 22 = 32 ± √584 22 = 32 ± 24. a = 4 b = −11 c= c= c= c= 501.55 and 8 11 − 9.48. b. and c. Transform the equation by subtracting 16y from and adding 5 to both sides.32) 2.34. List the values of a. s= The square root of 164 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 12.34 8 and The two solutions for the variable y are y = 3.81 10 = 0.36 The two solutions for the variable k are k = 2. Simplify the expression.81 10 = 10 = −2. and c.28 = 8 = 3.32. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms.57 = 8 = 0. −(−11) c=2 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a.32) 29. b. 499.66 8 16 − 4(3.81.17 22 32 − 24. 271 Team-LRN . a = 5 b = 12 c = −1 s= −(12) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c.66 and y = 0.36. Substitute into the expression and simplify.08 and s = −2.501 Algebra Questions 498.

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