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Algebra Questions

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501

Algebra Questions

®

NEW YORK Team-LRN

Copyright © 2002 LearningExpress, LLC. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Recco, William. 501 algebra questions / William Recco.—1st ed. p. cm. ISBN 1-57685-424-8 (pbk.) 1. Algebra. I. Title: Five hundred one algebra questions. II. Title: Five hundred and one algebra questions. III. Title. QA152.2 .R42 2002 512—dc21 2002004440 Printed in the United States of America 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 First Edition ISBN 1-57685-424-8 For more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at: 55 Broadway 8th Floor New York, NY 10006 Or visit us at: www.learnatest.com

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The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team is comprised of experts in test preparation, as well as educators and teachers who specialize in language arts and math. LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team Brigit Dermott Freelance Writer English Tutor, New York Cares New York, New York Sandy Gade Project Editor LearningExpress New York, New York Kerry McLean Project Editor Math Tutor Shirley, New York William Recco Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 New York Shoreham/Wading River School District Math Tutor St. James, New York Colleen Schultz Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 Vestal Central School District Math Tutor Vestal, New York

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Contents Introduction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Working with Integers Working with Algebraic Expressions Combining Like Terms Solving Basic Equations Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides Using Formulas to Solve Equations Graphing Linear Equations Solving Inequalities ix 1 12 24 41 49 58 72 81 110 119 142 172 186 194 10 Graphing Inequalities 11 Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities 12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically 13 Working with Exponents 14 Multiplying Polynomials Team-LRN .

Contents 15 Factoring Polynomials 16 Using Factoring 17 Solving Quadratic Equations 18 Simplifying Radicals 19 Solving Radical Equations 20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula 206 215 229 242 250 261 viii Team-LRN .

Or. look at the table of contents to see the types of algebra topics covered in this book. as each succeeding chapter builds on skills taught in previous chap- Team-LRN . it can be used by teachers and tutors who need to reinforce student skills. you can ﬁnd them in the LearningExpress publication Algebra Success in 20 Minutes a Day.Introduction This book is designed to provide you with review and practice for algebra success! It is not intended to teach common algebra topics. The structure follows a common sequence of concepts introduced in basic algebra courses. It’s for anyone who has ever taken a course in algebra and needs to refresh and revive forgotten skills. Instead. You may want to follow the sequence. algebra. The book is organized into twenty chapters with a variety of arithmetic. 501 Algebra Questions is designed for many audiences. and word problems. If at some point you feel you need further explanation about some of the algebra topics highlighted in this book. It can be used to supplement current instruction in a math class. it provides 501 problems so you can ﬂex your muscles and practice a variety of mathematical and algebraic skills. How To Use This Book First.

do the problems over. Work for understanding. it is important to be as organized and sequential in your written steps as possible. Chapters are arranged using the same method. If you truly want to be successful. Make the commitment to improve your algebra skills. Second. Like an athlete preparing for the next season or a musician warming up for a concert. If after completing all the problems in a section you feel that you need more practice. It’s always a good idea to use it to check your calculations. or if you are using this book to supplement topics you are currently learning. make a commitment to spend the time you need to do a good job. If you have difﬁculty factoring numbers. you are presented with a variety of problems that generally range from easier to more difﬁcult problems and their answer explanations. Last. As you are solving problems. you become skillful with practice. You can do it! When you achieve algebra success. But if your skills are just rusty. there are helpful tips on how to practice the problems in each chapter. you may want to jump around from topic to topic. the multiplication chart on the next page may help you. And don’t forget to keep lots of scrap paper on hand.501 Algebra Questions ters. use the list on the next page so you won’t waste time trying to factor numbers that can’t be factored. If you are unfamiliar with prime numbers. you are given one model problem and then asked to do many problems following that model. You will probably want to have a calculator handy as you work through some of the sections. In this book. It’s not the answer that matters most—it’s the process and the reasoning skills that you want to master. Each chapter has an introduction describing the mathematical concepts covered in the chapter. In many books. The purpose of drills and practice is to make you proﬁcient at solving problems. So sharpen your pencil and practice! x Team-LRN . Make a Commitment Success does not come without effort. every problem has a complete step-by-step explanation for the solutions. If you ﬁnd yourself getting stuck solving a problem. you have laid the foundation for future challenges and success. Why you do a math operation is as important as how you do it. you can look at the answer explanation and use it to help you understand the problem-solving process.

501 Algebra Questions × 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 Multiplication Table 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 15 18 21 24 27 20 24 28 32 36 25 30 35 40 45 30 36 42 48 54 35 42 49 56 63 40 48 56 64 72 45 54 63 72 81 50 60 70 80 90 55 66 77 88 99 60 72 84 96 108 Prime 13 53 101 151 199 263 317 383 443 503 577 641 701 769 839 911 983 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 132 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144 2 31 73 127 179 233 283 353 419 467 547 607 661 739 811 877 947 3 37 79 131 181 239 293 359 421 479 557 613 673 743 821 881 953 5 41 83 137 191 241 307 367 431 487 563 617 677 751 823 883 967 Commonly Used 7 11 43 47 89 97 139 149 193 197 251 257 311 313 373 379 433 439 491 499 569 571 619 631 683 691 757 761 827 829 887 907 971 977 Numbers 17 19 59 61 103 107 157 163 211 223 269 271 331 337 389 397 449 457 509 521 587 593 643 647 709 719 773 787 853 857 919 929 991 997 23 67 109 167 227 277 347 401 461 523 599 653 727 797 859 937 1009 29 71 113 173 229 281 349 409 463 541 601 659 733 809 863 941 1013 xi Team-LRN .

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501 Algebra Questions Team-LRN .

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**Working With Integers
**

For some people, it is helpful to try to simplify expressions containing signed numbers as much as possible. When you ﬁnd signed numbers with addition and subtraction operations, you can simplify the task by changing all subtraction to addition. Subtracting a number is the same as adding its opposite. For example, subtracting a three is the same as adding a negative three. Or subtracting a negative fourteen is the same as adding a positive fourteen. As you go through the step-by-step answer explanations, you will begin to see how this process of using only addition can help simplify your understanding of operations with signed numbers. As you begin to gain conﬁdence, you may be able to eliminate some of the steps by doing them in you head and not having to write them down. After all, that’s the point of practice! You work at the problems until the process becomes automatic. Then you own that process and you are ready to use it in other situations. The Tips for Working with Integers section below gives you some simple rules to follow as you solve problems with integers. Refer to them each time you do a problem until you don’t need to look at them. That’s when you can consider them yours. You will also want to review the rules for Order of Operations with numerical expressions. You can use a memory device called a mnemonic to help you remember a set of instructions. Try remembering the word PEMDAS. This nonsense word helps you remember to:

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501 Algebra Questions

P do operations inside Parentheses E evaluate terms with Exponents M D do Multiplication and Division in order from left to right A S Add and Subtract terms in order from left to right

**Tips for Working with Integers
**

Addition Signed numbers the same? Find the SUM and use the same sign. Signed numbers different? Find the DIFFERENCE and use the sign of the larger number. (The larger number is the one whose value without a positive or negative sign is greatest.) Addition is commutative. That is, you can add numbers in any order and the result is the same. As an example, 3 + 5 = 5 + 3, or −2 + −1 = −1 + −2. Subtraction Change the operation sign to addition, change the sign of the number following the operation, then follow the rules for addition. Multiplication/Division Signs the same? Multiply or divide and give the result a positive sign. Signs different? Multiply or divide and give the result a negative sign. Multiplication is commutative. You can multiply terms in any order and the result will be the same. For example: (2 • 5 • 7) = (2 • 7 • 5) = (5 • 2 • 7) = (5 • 7 • 2) and so on. Evaluate the following expressions.

1. 27 + −5 2. 3.

−18 −11

+ −20 − 16 − −8

4. 33 + −16 5. 8 + −4 − 12 6. 38 ÷ −2 + 9 7. 8.

−25 −6

· −3 + 15 · −5

· −3 · −2

9. 24 · −8 + 2 10. 2 · −3 · −7 11.

−15

+ 5 + −11

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**501 Algebra Questions 12. (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) 13. 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 14.
**

−(5

· 3) + (12 ÷ −4)

15. (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) 16. 23 + (64 ÷ −16) 17. 23 − (−4)2 18. (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 19. 24 + (9 + −6)3 20. (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) 21. A scuba diver descends 80 feet, rises 25 feet, descends 12 feet, and then

rises 52 feet where he will do a safety stop for ﬁve minutes before surfacing. At what depth did he do his safety stop?

22. A digital thermometer records the daily high and low temperatures. The

high for the day was +3° C. The low was −10° C. What was the difference between the day’s high and low temperatures? During the month, checks were written in the amounts of $25, $82, $213, and $97. Deposits were made into the account in the amounts of $84 and $116. What was the balance at the end of the month?

23. A checkbook balance sheet shows an initial balance for the month of $300.

24. A gambler begins playing a slot machine with $10 in quarters in her coin

bucket. She plays 15 quarters before winning a jackpot of 50 quarters. She then plays 20 more quarters in the same machine before walking away. How many quarters does she now have in her coin bucket?

25. A glider is towed to an altitude of 2,000 feet above the ground before

being released by the tow plane. The glider loses 450 feet of altitude before ﬁnding an updraft that lifts it 1,750 feet. What is the glider’s altitude now?

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501 Algebra Questions

Answers

Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses, the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ), it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used, ( ), { }, or [ ], perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result.

1. The signs of the terms are different, so ﬁnd the difference

of the values. The sign of the larger term is positive, so the sign of the result is positive.

2. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

−18

[27 − 5 = 22] 27 + −5 = +22

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Since all the signs are negative, add the absolute value of the numbers. Since the signs were negative, the result is negative. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows:

3. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

+ −20 + (−16)

[18 + 20 + 16 = 54]

−18 −18

**+ −20 + −16 = −54 + −20 − 16 = −54
**

−11

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Subtract the absolute value of the numbers. Give the result the sign of the larger term. The simpliﬁed expression is as follows:

4. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.

+ +8

[11 − 8 = 3] + +8 = −3 −11 − −8 = −3

−11

Give the result the sign of the larger term.

[33 − 16 = 17] 33 + −16 = +17

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Now substitute the result into the original expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (−6 · −3) · −2 [6 · 3 = +18] (+18) · −2 (+18) · −2 = −36 −6 · −3 · −2 = −36 5 Team-LRN . Substitute the result into the expression. Let’s group the ﬁrst two terms. Signs different? Divide and give the 8 + −4 + −12 8 + (−4 + −12) [(−4 + −12) = −16] 8 + (−16) [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + (−16) = −8 8 + −4 − 12 = −8 [(38 ÷ −2) = −19] (−19) + 9 [19 − 9 = 10] (−19) + 9 = −10 38 ÷ −2 + 9 = −10 result the negative sign. First divide. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Now substitute the results into the original expression. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. ﬁrst group like terms and add. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. With three terms. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 8. you [−25 · −3 = +75] [15 · −5 = −75] (+75) + (−75) [75 − 75 = 0] −25 · −3 + 15 · −5 = 0 could group any two terms and the result would be the same.501 Algebra Questions 5. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 7. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 6. Substitute the result into the ﬁrst expression. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Give the result the sign of the larger term. Because all the operators are multiplication. First perform the multiplications.

Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 12. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Or you could just work from left to right. Group the terms being multiplied and evaluate. Substitute. you could 2 · (−3 · −7) [(−3 · −7) = +21] 2 · (+21) 2 · (+21) = +42 2 · −3 · −7 = +42 group any two terms and the result would be the same. Substitute. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. you could group any two terms and the result would be the same. Substitute. (24 · −8) + 2 [24 · −8 = −192] (−192) + 2 [192 − 2 = 190] (−192) + 2 = −190 24 · −8 + 2 = −190 Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 11. Because all the operators are addition. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. First evaluate the expressions within the (−15 + 5) + −11 [15 − 5 = 10] [(−15 + 5) = −10] (−10) + −11 [10 + 11 = 21] (−10) + −11 = −21 −15 + 5 + −11 = −21 parentheses. Because all the operators are multiplication. Substitute into the original expression. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: [49 ÷ 7 = 7] [48 ÷ −4 = −12] (7) − (−12) 7 + +12 7 + +12 = +19 (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) = +19 6 Team-LRN . Let’s group the last two terms. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 10.501 Algebra Questions 9.

Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute. Substitute the values into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 13. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. First evaluate the expressions within the 5 + −11 + −3 + 8 (5 + −11) + −3 + 8 [11 − 5 = 6] [5 + −11 = −6] (−6) + −3 + 8 (−6 + −3) + 8 [−6 + −3 = −9] (−9) + 8 [9 − 8 = 1] (−9) + 8 = −1 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 = −1 [5 · 3 = 15] [12 ÷ −4 = −3] −(15) parentheses. Substitute. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 14. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Now perform additions from left to right. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Add from left to right. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: + (−3) [15 + 3 = 18] −(15) + (−3) = −18 −(5 · 3) + (12 ÷ −4) = −18 7 Team-LRN .

Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values of terms with exponents into the original expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 16. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. Substitute the value into the original expression. [(−18 ÷ 2)] [18 ÷ 2 = 9] [(−18 ÷ 2 = −9)] (6 · −3) [6 · 3 = 18] (6 · −3) = −18 (−9) − (−18) (−9) + (+18) [18 − 9 = 9] (−9) + (+18) = +9 (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) = +9 (64 ÷ −16) [64 ÷ 16 = 4] (64 ÷ −16 = −4) 23 + (−4) [23 − 4 = 19] 23 + (−4) = +19 23 + (64 ÷ −16) = +19 [23 = 2 · 2 · 2 = 8] [(−4)2 = (−4) · (−4)] [4 · 4 = 16] [(−4)2 = +16] 23 − (−4)2 = (8) − (+16) 8 + −16 [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + −16 = −8 Substitute the values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 17. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The order of operations tells us to evaluate the terms with exponents ﬁrst. 8 Team-LRN . First evaluate the expressions within the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions 15. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Signs different? Multiply the term values and give the result a negative sign.

Substitute values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 20. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Evaluate the terms with exponents. First evaluate the expression within the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 18. parentheses. Substitute the value into the expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. Substitute the value into the expression. First evaluate the expressions within the 19. Signs different? Multiply the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the term with the exponent. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 9 Team-LRN . Substitute the values into the expression. First evaluate the expressions within the 23 − (−4)2 = −8 [3 − 5] [3 + (−5)] [5 − 3 = 2] [3 − 5 = −2] [18 ÷ 6 = 3] (−2)3 + (3)2 [(−2)3 = −2 · −2 · −2] [(−2 · −2) · −2 = (+4) · −2] [(+4) · −2 = −8] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] (−2)3 + (3)2 = −8 + 9 9 − 8 = +1 (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 = +1 [9 + −6] [9 − 6 = 3] [9 + −6 = +3] 24 + (+3)3 [(+3)3 = 33 = 27] 24 + (27) = 51 24 + (9 + −6)3 = 51 [32 + 6 = (9) + 6 = 15] [−24 ÷ 8 = −3] (15) ÷ (−3) [15 ÷ 3 = 5] (15) ÷ (−3) = −5 (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) = −5 parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values of the expressions in parentheses into the original expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.

If you think of distance above sea level as a positive number. (300 + +84 + +116) + (−25 + −82 + −213 + −97) Evaluate the numbers within each parentheses. The resulting numerical expression would be −80 + +25 + −12 + +52 as follows: Because addition is commutative. Give all the descending distances a negative sign and the ascending distances a positive sign. So the difference is the total of 3° + 10° = 13°. you can associate like signed numbers. represented by negative signed numbers. (−80 + −12) + (+25 + +52) Evaluate the numerical expression in each parentheses. [92 − 77 = 15] −15 feet. [300 + +84 + +116 = +500] [(−25 + −82 + −213 + −97 = −417] Substitute the values into the revised expression. while going down is in the negative direction. Or you could ﬁnd the difference between +3° and −10°. (−92) + (+77) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Going up is in the positive direction. then you must think of going below sea level as a negative number. [−80 + −12 = −92] [+25 + +52 = +77] Substitute the values into the numerical expression. You can consider that balances and deposits are positive signed numbers while checks are deductions. That would be represented by the following +3° − −10° = +3° + +10° = +13° equation. An expression to represent the activity during the month would be as follows: 300 + −25 + −82 + −213 + −97 + +84 + +116 Because addition is commutative. The diver took his rest stop at 22. you can associate like-signed numbers. (+500) + (−417) = +83 The balance at the end of the month would be $83. You could simply ﬁgure that +3°C is 3° above zero and −10°C is 10° below. 10 Team-LRN . 23.501 Algebra Questions 21.

As in problem 21.501 Algebra Questions 24.750) + −450 Evaluate the expression in the parentheses.750) + −450 = +3. An expression that represents the problem +2.000 + +1. ascending is a positive number while descending is a neg- ative number.300 11 Team-LRN .750 − 450 = 3.750 is as follows: Because addition is commutative. (40 + 50) + (−15 + − 20) Use the rules for adding integers with like signs. [40 + 50 = 90] [−15 + − 20 = −35] Substitute into the revised expression. [90 − 35 = 55] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 = 55 25.300] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (+3.000 + +1.750 = +3. you can associate like-signed numbers. In chronological order. 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 Because addition is commutative. You can write an expression that represents the quarters in the bucket and the quarters added and subtracted.000 + −450 + +1.750] Substitute into the revised equation. You can assume ground level is the zero point. Four quarters per dollar gives you 4 · 10 = 40 quarters.750) + −450 Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. (+2. you can associate like-signed numbers. the expression would be as follows: 40 − 15 + 50 − 20 Change all operation signs to addition and the sign of the number that follows. [+2. You ﬁrst ﬁgure out how many quarters she starts with. [3. (90) + (−35) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. (+3.

each can contain up to ﬁve variables. Work on developing a similar style throughout. you can turn an algebraic expression into a numerical one. Team-LRN . As you work through the problems in this chapter. Recall and use the Tips for Working with Integers from Chapter 1. and you will have one sure way of solving these kinds of problems. As you become more familiar and comfortable with the look and feel of these expressions. you are to substitute the assigned values for the variables into the expression and evaluate the expression. When given numerical values for the variables.2 Working with Algebraic Expressions This chapter contains 25 algebraic expressions. You will be evaluating expressions very much like the previous numerical expressions. you will begin to ﬁnd your own shortcuts. Remember that a variable is just a letter that represents a number in a mathematical expression. Read through the Tips for Working with Algebraic Expressions before you begin to solve the problems in this section. The answer section contains complete explanations of how to go about evaluating the expressions. Use PEMDAS to perform operations in the proper order. Tips for Working With Algebraic Expressions ■ ■ ■ Substitute assigned values for the variables into the expression.

4b2 − az 31. 3b2 − 2b + 12 39. a(b + z)2 35. bx + z ÷ y 33. 7x + x − z 41. bx(z + 3) 43. 5ab + xy 30.501 Algebra Questions ■ Evaluate the following algebraic expressions when a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b 36. 3x ÷ z 28. 8y(a3 − 2y) 49. 4a + b 27. −2x − b + az 38. 3x2b(5a − 3b) x 12 13 Team-LRN . 12ab ÷ y 46. 2ax − z 29. z2 − 4a2y 50. 2bx ÷ (z − b) 45. 8y − 3ab 34. 7x ÷ 2yz 32. 2z2 ÷ y 42. a3 + 24y − 3b 37. 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab 44. 5xy ÷ 2b 40. y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} 47. 10b3 − 4b2 48.

{ }. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the 4(3) + (−5) [4(3) = 12] (12) + (−5) [12 − 5 = 7] +7 4a + b = +7 3(6) ÷ (−8) [3(6) = 18] (18) ÷ (−8) [18 ÷ 8 = 2 8 = 2 4 ] 3x ÷ z = −24 or −2. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ).501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Multiply the factors of the ﬁrst term. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 1 (−2 4 ) The value of the expression is as follows: 28. Regardless of what symbol is used. Give the result the sign of the larger value.25 2(3)(6) − (−8) [2(3)(6) = 36] (36) − (−8) (36) + (+8) [36 + 8 = 44] 1 2 1 expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Substitute. 14 Team-LRN . Substitute. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. or [ ]. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. (No sign means + ) The value of the expression is as follows: 27. ( ). Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. Substitute. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. PEMDAS: Multiply the ﬁrst term. a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. Order of operations tells you to multiply ﬁrst.

Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows.25 15 Team-LRN . Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 29.25] (42) ÷ (−8) = −5. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the second term of the expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 7(6) ÷ 2( 2 )(−8) [7 · 6 = 42] 1 [{2( 2 )}(−8) = (1)(−8) = −8] (42) ÷ (−8) [42 ÷ 8 = 5. Substitute. Now evaluate the other term. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.25 7x ÷ 2yz = −5. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 31. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the (+44) 2ax − z = +44 5(3)(−5) + (6)( 2 ) [5(3)(−5) = 15(−5)] [15(−5) = −75] 1 [(6)( 2 ) = 3] (−75) + (3) [75 − 3 = 72] (−72) 5ab + xy = −72 4(−5)2 − (3)(−8) [(−5)2 = (−5) · (−5)] [5 · 5 = 25 = +25] [4(+25) = 100] [(3)(−8)] [3 · −8 = −24] (100) − (−24) 100 + +24 = 124 4b2 − az = 124 1 1 expression. PEMDAS: Multiply the terms in the expression. Give the result the sign of the larger value. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 30. Evaluate the ﬁrst term of the expression. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign.

Group terms using order of operations. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. you multiply by the reciprocal. Substitute the values for the variables into the (−5)(6) + (−8) ÷ ( 2 ) (−5)(6) + {(−8) ÷ ( 2 )} [(−5)(6)] [5 · 6 = 30] [(−5)(6) = −30] 1 [(−8) ÷ ( 2 )] [8 ÷ 2 ] [8 ÷ [(−8) 1 2 1 1 1 =8· 1 (2) 2 1 = 8 · 2 = 16] ÷ = −16] (−30) + (−16) [30 + 16 = 46] (−30) + (−16) = −46 bx + z ÷ y = −46 8( 2 ) − 3(3)(−5) [8 · 2 = 4] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (4) − (−45) (4) − (−45) = 4 + +45 4 + +45 = +49 8y − 3ab = +49 3((−5) + (−8))2 [(−5) + (−8)] [5 + 8 = 13] [(−5) + (−8) = −13] 1 1 expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Consider the second term. PEMDAS: You must add the terms inside the parentheses ﬁrst.501 Algebra Questions 32. Positive times positive is positive. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 34. To divide by a fraction. 16 Team-LRN . Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. PEMDAS: Multiply or divide the terms in the expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the terms on either side of the subtraction sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Positive times negative is negative. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 33.

The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 35. Evaluate the third term. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the 2((3)2 + 2( 2 )) ÷ (−5) [(3)2 + 2( 2 )] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] 1 [2( 2 ) = 1] 1 [(3)2 + 2( 2 ) = 9 + 1 = 10] 2(10) ÷ (−5) [2(10) = 20] (20) ÷ (−5) [20 ÷ 5 = 4] (20) ÷ (−5) = −4 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b = −4 (3)3 + 24( 2 ) − 3(−5) [(3)3 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 27] 1 [24( 2 ) = 12] [3(−5)] [3 · 5 = 15] [3(−5) = −15] (27) + (12) − (−15) (27) + (12) + (+15) 27 + 12 + 15 = 54 a3 + 24y − 3b = +54 1 1 expression. Next you evaluate the term with the exponent. Look ﬁrst to evaluate the term inside the bold parentheses. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 17 Team-LRN . Evaluate the ﬁrst term. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 36. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute into the original numerical expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−13)2 [(−13)2 = −13 · −13] [13 · 13 = +169] 3(169) = 507 a(b + z)2 = 507 1 expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Substitute into the numerical expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows.501 Algebra Questions Substitute into the original expression. Evaluate the term with the exponent. Evaluate it. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The ﬁrst term has an exponent. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Evaluate the second term. Evaluate the second term.

The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 39. All term signs are positive. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 38. Substitute the value into the numerical expression. Consider the two terms on either side of the division sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the −2(6) − (−5) + (3)(−8) [−2(6) = −2 · 6 = −12] [(3)(−8) = 3 · −8 = −24] (−12) − (−5) + (−24) −12 + (+5) + −24 (−12 + −24) + (+5) [−12 + −24 = −36] (−36) + (+5) [36 − 5 = 31] (−36) + (+5) = −31 −2x − b + az = −31 expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−5)2 − 2(−5) + 12 [(−5)2 = −5 · −5 = +25] 3(+25) − 2(−5) + 12 [3(+25) = 75] [2(−5) = −10] (75) − (−10) + 12 (75) + (+10) + 12 75 + 10 + 12 = 97 3b2 − 2b + 12 = 97 5(6)( 2 ) ÷ 2(−5) [5 · 6 · 2 = (5 · 6) · [2(−5) = −10] 1 1 2 1 expression. Positive times negative results in a negative. Evaluate ﬁrst and last terms. Substitute. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with multiplication next. a result of addition +. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values into the numerical expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Add terms from left to right. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term by multiplying. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent ﬁrst. Commutative property of addition allows grouping of like signs. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Evaluate the second term.501 Algebra Questions 37. = 15] 18 Team-LRN .

5 40. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Multiply from left to right. [15 ÷ 10 = 1 2 ] −10) = −1 1 (15) ÷ ( 2 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as 1 follows: 5xy ÷ 2b = −1 2 or −1. First. Add terms from left to right. Evaluate the second term. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: [8 − 3 = 5] [(−8) + 3 = −5] (−5)(6)(−5) [−5 · 6 = −30] (−30) · −5 = +150 bx(z + 3) = +150 19 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 41. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Negative times positive equals negative. evaluate the term with the exponent. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Change division to multiplication and change the value to its reciprocal. (−5)(6)((−8) + 3) First. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. (15) ÷ (−10) Signs different? Divide and give the result a 1 negative sign. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Multiply from left to right. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: (+128) · 2 = 256 2z2 ÷ y = 256 [(−8) + 3] 42. Substitute the values for the variables into the 7(6) + (6) − (−8) [7(6) = 7 · 6 = 42] 12 [ (6) = 12 ÷ 6 = 2] (42) + (2) − −8 42 + 2 + −8 42 + 2 + +8 = 52 12 7x + x − z = 52 2(−8)2 ÷ ( 2 ) [2(−8)2 = 2 · (−8) · (−8)] [{2 · (−8)} · (−8)] [2 · (−8) = −16] [(−16) · (−8) = +128] (+128) ÷ 1 2 1 12 expression.

Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values for the variables into the 6( 2 )(−8 ÷ 2 ) + 3(3)(−5) 1 1 [−8 ÷ 1 1 2 = −8 · 2 1 = −16] 6( 2 )(−16) + 3(3)(−5) [6( 2 )(−16) = 6 · 2 · −16] [3 · −16 = −48] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (−48) + (−45) −48 1 1 + −45 = −93 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab = −93 2(−5)(6) ÷ ((−8) − (−5)) [(−8 − −5)] [−8 + 5] [8 − 5 = 3] [−8 + +5 = −3] 2(−5)(6) ÷ (−3) [2 · −5 · 6 = −60] (−60) ÷ −3 [60 ÷ 3 = 20] (−60) ÷ −3 = 20 2bx ÷ (z − b) = 20 expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term in the expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 44. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 20 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 43. Multiply from left to right. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Divide and give the result a positive sign. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Evaluate the second term in the expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression.

Multiply from left to right. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: ( 2 ) {( (6) 2 6 [2 − − 3) − 4(3)} 6 2 [( − 3) = − 3] 3 = 3 − 3 = 0] ( 2 ){(0) − 4(3)} [{0 − 4(3)} = 0 − 4 · 3] [0 − 4 · 3 = 0 − 12] [0 − 12 = 0 + −12 = −12] ( 2 ){−12} = 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 · −12 [ 2 · 12 = 6] · −12 = −6 x y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} = −6 21 Team-LRN . Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. PEMDAS: Division before subtraction. PEMDAS: Multiply before subtraction. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Signs different? Multiply the numbers and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 46. Substitute the values for the variables into the 1 12(3)(−5) ÷ ( 2 ) [12 · 3 · −5 = 36 · −5] [36 · 5 = 180] [36 · −5 = −180] (−180) ÷ ( 2 ) −180 1 1 · ( 1 ) = −180 · 2 2 [180 · 2 = 360] −180 · 2 = −360 12ab ÷ y = −360 (6) 2 expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign.501 Algebra Questions 45.

Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Subtract. Multiply from left to right. Same signs? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Evaluate the ﬁrst term.501 Algebra Questions 47. Substitute the values for the variables into − +100 + −100 [1250 + 100 = 1350] 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 = −1350 10b3 − 4b2 = −1. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses. Substitute the results into the numerical expression in the parentheses. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 48. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the second term.350 8( 2 )((3)3 − 2( 2 )) ((3)3 − 2( 2 )) = (33 − 2 · 2 ) [33 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 9 · 3 = 27] 1 [2 · 2 = 1] [(27) − (1)] [27 − 1 = 26] 8( 2 )(26) 1 [8 · 2 = 4] [4 · 26 = 104] 8y(a3 − 2y) = 104 1 1 1 1 1 the expression. 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 [10(−5)3 = 10 · −5 · −5 · −5] [10 · −5 = (−50)] [(−50) · −5 = +250] [+250 · −5 = −1250] [4(−5)2 = 4 · −5 · −5] [4 · −5 = −20] [−20 · −5 = +100] −1250 −1250 Evaluate the second term in the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the original expression. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 22 Team-LRN . Multiply from left to right.

Yes.200] 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) − 3(−5)) = −16.200 3x2b(5a −3b) = −16. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. (−8)2 − 4(3)2( 2 ) [(−8)2 = −8 · −8] [−8 · −8 = 64] 1 1 [4(3)2( 2 ) = 4 · 3 · 3 · 2 ] [ 4 · 3 = 12] [12 · 3 = 36] 1 [36 · 2 = 18] (64) − (18) 64 − 18 = 46 z2 − 4a2y = 46 1 Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Multiply from left to right.501 Algebra Questions 49. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with exponents next. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Evaluate the second term. PEMDAS: Evaluate the expression in the parentheses ﬁrst. 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) −3(−5)) [(5(3) − 3(−5)) = 5 · 3 − 3 · −5] [5 · 3 − 3 · −5 = 15 − −15] [15 + +15 = 30] 3(6)2(−5)(30) [(6)2 = 6 · 6 = 36] 3(36)(−5)(30) [3(36) = 108] [(108) · (−5) = −540] [(−540) · (30) = −16.200 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 23 Team-LRN . Multiply from left to right. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 50. Signs different? Multiply the values and give a negative sign. you can just subtract.

3x and −4x are like terms but are different from 7ax or 2x3. When you have terms that are alike. you can add or subtract them as if they were signed numbers. you can multiply the factors of a term together to ﬁnd its value. You can think of an algebraic term as a series of factors with numbers. like terms can have different coefﬁcients. you will practice simplifying algebraic expressions. you will recognize and combine terms with variables that are alike and link them to other terms using the arithmetic operations. For example. and you can think of variables as factors.Combining Like Terms In this chapter. a coefﬁcient is just a factor in an algebraic term. You may ﬁnd that combining like terms may be easier if you do addition by changing all subtraction to addition of the following term with its sign changed. This Team-LRN . When the variables are given number values. but the conﬁguration of the variables must be the same for the terms to be alike. as are the variable or variables in the term. As you do this. You should know that ■ 3 ■ ■ the numbers in front of the variable or variables are called coefﬁcients. as you did in Chapter 2.

See the Tips for Combining Like Terms. Commutative Property of Multiplication x·y=y·x This equation reminds us that the order in which we multiply expressions can change without changing the value of the result. Tips for Combining Like Terms Distributive Property of Multiplication The distributive property of multiplication tells you how to multiply the terms inside a parentheses by the term outside the parentheses. 25 Team-LRN . Now look at the following examples: Commutative Property of Addition a+b=b+a This equation reminds us that terms being combined by addition can change their location (commute). but the value of the expression remains the same. Another important and useful property is the distributive property.501 Algebra Questions strategy will continue to be shown in the answer explanations. You will also use the important commutative and associative properties of addition and multiplication. But as you either know or are beginning to see. sometimes it’s easier to just subtract. a(b + c) = ab + ac a(b − c) = ab − ac (b + c)a = ba + ca 4(6 + 3) = 4 · 6 + 4 · 3 = 24 + 12 = 36 (−5 + 8)3 = −5 · 3 + 8 · 3 = −15 + 24 = 9 7(10 + 3) = 7 · 10 + 7 · 3 = 70 + 21 = 91 3(x + 2y) = 3 · x + 3 · 2y = 3x + 6y a(b − 5d) = a · b − a · 5d = ab − 5ad Numerical examples of the commutative properties for addition and multiplication were given in the Tips for Working with Integers. Study the following general and speciﬁc examples.

a − b. Identity Property of Addition n+0=n Identity Property of Multiplication n·1=n Term Equivalents x=1·x For purposes of combining like terms. Writing expressions as simply as possible is always appreciated. Look at the expressions on either side of the equal signs. a variable by itself is understood to mean one of that term. Associative Property of Multiplication (d · e) · f = d · (e · f ) This equation reminds us that you can multiply three or more terms in any order without changing the value of the result. as you go through the practice exercises you will see how each of these properties will come into play as we simplify algebraic expressions by combining like terms. While it may not seem relevant yet. Which one looks simpler? Of course. Clarity is valued in mathematics.501 Algebra Questions Associative Property of Addition (q + r) + s = q + (r + s) This equation reminds us that when you are performing a series of additions of terms. it’s the last. you can associate any term with any other and the result will be the same. a + −b = a − +b = a − b Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. 26 Team-LRN . n = +n A term without a sign in front of it is considered to be positive.

8s − 3r + 5(2r − s) 64. 14 + 9(2w + 7) − 2(6 − w) 63. 3r2 + r(2 − r) + 6(r + 4) 69. 9(x − 6) + x(3 − x) 68. 2x − x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x − y) 70. 5(15 − 2j ) + 11(7j − 3) 66. 64 + 5(n − 8) + 12n − 24 60. 5(3x − y) + x(5 + 2y) − 4(3 + x) 72. 4(x + 2y) + 2(x + y) 57. 11(4m + 5) + 3(−3m + 8) 59.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions by combining like terms. 4x + 2y − x + 3y 54. 3h + 5 + 2w − 3 + h 56. 6(m − 3n) + 3m(n + 5) − 2n(3 − m) 73. 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m 55. 2(3a + 4b) + 7(a − b) 58. 51. 9(2x − t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) 74. −7(a + b) +12a − 16b 62. 6(3m − 12) − 4(9m + 8) 65. 3a + 4a + 9a 52. −7(c − 2d) + 21c − 3(d − 5) 71. 4(x + y − 4) + 6(2 − 3y) 61. 8(2a − b − 3c) + 3(2a − b) − 4(6 − b) 27 Team-LRN . 7a + 6b + 3a 53. a(a + 4) + 3a2 − 2a + 10 67. 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 − a)} + 5a2 75.

Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x + 2y + (−x) + 3y 4x + (−x) + 2y + 3y (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) [4x + −x = +3x = 3x] [2y + 3y = 5y] (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) = (3x) + (5y) 4x + 2y − x + 3y = 3x + 5y 28 Team-LRN . Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 52. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Use the associative property for addition. ( ). or [ ]. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Add like terms. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Add like terms. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and 7a + 3a + 6b (7a + 3a) + 6b [(7a + 3a) = 10a] (10a) + 6b 7a + 6b + 3a = 10a + 6b change the sign of the term that follows. Use the commutative property of addition to (3a + 4a) + 9a [3a + 4a = 7a] (7a) + 9a 7a + 9a = 16a 3a + 4a + 9a = 16a move like terms together. Use the associative property of addition. Add like terms. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. { }. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Substitute. 51. Regardless of what symbol is used. Use the associative property for addition. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 53.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Add like terms. Substitute the results into the original expression.

Add like terms. Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the result into the expression.501 Algebra Questions 54. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: [4(x + 2y) = 4 · x + 4 · 2y] [4x + 8y] [2(x + y) = 2 · x + 2 · y] [2x + 2y] (4x + 8y) + (2x + 2y) (4x + 2x + 8y + 2y (4x + 2x) + (8y + 2y) [4x + 2x = 6x] [8y + 2y = 10y] (6x) + (10y) 6x + 10y 29 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 56. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 27 + −3m + 12 + −5m 27 + 12 + −3m + −5m (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) [27 + 12 = 39] [−3m + −5m = −8m] (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) = (39) + (−8m) 39 − +8m = 39 − 8m 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m = 39 − 8m 3h + 5 + 2w + (−3) + h 3h + h + 2w + 5 + −3 (3h + h) + 2w + (5 + −3) [(3h + h) = 4h] [(5 + −3) = 2] (4h) + 2w + (2) 4h + 2w + 2 55. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst expression. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Add like terms. Add like terms. Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second expression. Substitute the results into the expression.

Substitute the result into the expression. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Add like terms. Use the distributive property of [11(4m + 5) = 11 · 4m + 11 · 5] [44m + 55] [3(−3m + 8) = 3 · −3m + 3 · 8] [−9m + 24] (44m + 55) + (−9m + 24) 44m + 55 + −9m + 24 44m + −9m + 55 + 24 (44m + −9m) + (55 + 24) [44m + −9m = 35m] [55 + 24 = 79] (35m) + (79) 35m + 79 [5(n − 8) = 5 · n − 5 · 8] [5n − 40] 64 + (5n − 40) + 12n − 24 64 + 5n − 40 + 12n − 24 64 + 5n + −40 + 12n + −24 multiplication on the second term. Use the distributive property of [2(3a + 4b) = 2 · 3a + 2 · 4b] [6a + 8b] [7(a − b) = 7 · a − 7 · b] [7a − 7b] (6a + 8b) + (7a − 7b) 6a + 8b + 7a − 7b 6a + 8b + 7a + (−7b) 6a + 7a + 8b + (−7b) (6a + 7a) + (8b + −7b) [6a + 7a = 13a] [8b + −7b = b] (13a) + (b) 13a + b multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the result into the expression. Substitute the result into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 59. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 58. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. Use the associative property for addition. Add like terms. 30 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 57. Substitute the result into the expression.

The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 60. Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms. Substitute the results into the expression.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x − 14y − 4 31 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. 4x + 4y + −18y + −16 + 12 4x + (4y + −18y) + (−16 + 12) [4y + −18y = −14y] [−16 + 12 = 12 + −16 = −4] Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. 4x + (−14y) + (−4) Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Use the distributive property of 5n + 12n + 64 + −40 + −24 (5n + 12n) + (64 + −40 + −24) [5n + 12n = 17n] [64 + −40 + −24 = 64 +(−40 + −24)] [64 + −64 = 0] (17n) + (0) 17n [4(x + y − 4) = 4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4] [4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4 = 4x + 4y − 16] [6(2 − 3y) = 6 · 2 − 6 · 3y = 12 − 18y] (4x + 4y − 16) + (12 − 18y) 4x + 4y − 16 + 12 − 18y multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Add like terms. Add like terms.

18w + +2w + 14 + 63 + −12 Use the associative property for addition. 14 + 18w + 63 + −12 + +2w Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. 62. Change subtraction to addition and [−7(a + b) = −7 · a + −7 · b] (−7a + −7b) + 12a − 16b −7a + −7b + 12a − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b + −16b (12a + −7a) + (−7b + −16b) [12a + −7a = 5a] [−7b + −16b = −23b] (5a) + (−23b) 5a − 23b change the sign of the terms that follow. (20w) + (65) Parentheses are no longer needed. Parentheses are no longer needed. Add like terms. 14 + 9(2w + 7) + −2(6 + −w) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. [−2 · 6 + −2 · −w = −12 + +2w] Substitute the results into the original expression. [9(2w + 7) = 9 · 2w + 9 · 7] [9 · 2w + 9 · 7 = 18w + 63] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. [18w + +2w = 20w] Add from left to right. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow.501 Algebra Questions 61. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. [−2(6 + −w) = −2 · 6 + −2 · −w] Notice the result of multiplication for opposite and like-signed terms. 14 + (18w + 63) + (−12 + +2w) Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 20w + 65 32 Team-LRN . (18w + +2w) + (14 + 63 + −12) Add like terms. [14 + 63 + −12 = 77 + −12 = 65] Substitute the results into the expression.

Use the associative property for addition. 33 − +104 + −18m − (+18m) − 18m −104 −104 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the results into the expression. Parentheses are no longer needed.501 Algebra Questions 63. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition. Add like terms. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change 8s + −3r + 5(2r + −s) [5(2r + −s) = 5 · 2r + 5 · −s] [5 · 2r + 5 · −s = 10r + −5s] 8s + −3r + (10r + −5s) 8s + −3r + 10r + −5s 8s + −5s + 10r + −3r (8s + −5s) + (10r + −3r) [8s + −5s = 3s] [10r + −3r = 7r] (3s) + (7r) 3s + 7r 6(3m + −12) + −4(9m + 8) [6(3m + −12) = 6 · 3m + 6 · −12] [6 · 3m + 6 · −12 = 18m + −72] [−4(9m + 8) = −4 · 9m + −4 · 8] [−4 · 9m + −4 · 8 = −36m + −32] (18m + −72) + (−36m + −32) 18m + −72 + −36m + −32 18m + −36m + −72 + −32 (18m + −36m) + (−72 + −32) [18m + −36m = −18m] [−72 + −32 = −104] (−18m) + (−104) −18m + −104 −18m −104 the sign of the terms that follow. Use the associative property for addition. 64. but the second is the simpler. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Parentheses are no longer needed. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Either of the last two expressions is correct. Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Add terms using the rules for terms with the same signs.

Add the second term using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the associative property for addition. 67j + 42 a(a + 4) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 [a(a + 4) = a · a + a · 4] [a · a + a · 4 = a2 + 4a] (a2 + 4a) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 4a + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 3a2 + 4a + −2a + 10 (a2 + 3a2) + (4a + −2a) + 10 [a2 + 3a2 = 4a2] [4a + −2a = 2a] (4a2) + (2a) + 10 4a2 + 2a + 10 66. [5(15 + −2j ) = 5 · 15 + 5 · −2j] [5 · 15 + 5 · −2j = 75 + −10j] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. [11(7j + −3) = 11 · 7j + 11 · −3] [11 · 7j + 11 · −3 = 77j + −33] Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 34 Team-LRN . [77j + −10j = +67j ] Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. 77j + −10j + 75 + −33 Use the associative property for addition. (77j + −10j ) + (75 + −33) Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. (67j ) + (42) Parentheses are no longer needed. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow.501 Algebra Questions 65. 5(15 + −2j ) + 11(7j + −3) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Parentheses are no longer needed. 75 + −10j + 77j + −33 Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. [75 + −33 = +42] Substitute the results into the expression. (75 + −10j ) + (77j + −33) Parentheses are no longer needed. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the commutative property for multiplication for the second term. Substitute the results into the expression. Substitute the results into the expression. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with the same signs.

Substitute the results into the expression. Add terms in parentheses using the rules for terms with the same signs. 68. Parentheses are no longer needed. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition to put the terms in exponential order. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change 9(x + −6) + x(3 + −x) [9(x + −6) = 9 · x + 9 · −6] [9 · x + 9 · −6 = 9x + −54] [x(3 + −x) = x · 3 + x · −x] [x · 3 + x · −x = 3x + −x2] (9x + −54) + (3x + −x2) 9x + −54 + 3x + −x2 9x + 3x + −54 + −x2 (9x + 3x) + −54 + −x2 (12x) + −54 + −x2 12x − (+54) + −x2 −x2 + 12x − 54 the sign of the terms that follow. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. 3r2 + r (2 + −r) + 6(r + 4) [r (2 + −r) = r · 2 + r · −r] [r · 2 + r · −r = 2r + −r2] [6(r + 4) = 6 · r + 6 · 4] [6 · r + 6 · 4 = 6r + 24] 3r2 + (2r + −r2) + (6r + 24) 3r2 + 2r + −r2 + 6r + 24 3r2 + −r2 + 2r + 6r + 24 (3r2 + −r2) + (2r + 6r) + 24 [3r2 + −r2 = 2r2] [2r + 6r = 8r] (2r2) + (8r) + 24 2r2 + 8r + 24 35 Team-LRN . Remove the parentheses. Remove the parentheses. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with different signs. Add the second term using the rules for terms with the same signs. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term.501 Algebra Questions 67. Use the associative property for addition. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows.

Remove the parentheses. Add the ﬁrst set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. + −2d) + 21c + −3(d + −5) [−7(c + −2d) = −7 · c + −7 · −2d ] [−7 · c + −7 · −2d = −7c + +14d ] [−3(d + −5) = −3 · d + −3 · −5] [−3 · d + −3 · −5 = −3d + +15] (−7c + +14d) + 21c + (−3d + +15) −7c + +14d + 21c + −3d + +15 21c + −7c + +14d + −3d + +15 (21c + −7c) + (+14d + −3d) + +15 (14c) + (11d) + 15 14c + 11d + 15 36 Team-LRN . Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Change subtraction to addition and the 2x + −x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x + −y) [−x(5 + y) = −x · 5 + −x · y] [−x · 5 + −x · y = −5x + −xy] [4(2x + −y) = 4 · 2x + 4 · −y] [4 · 2x + 4 · −y = 8x + −4y] 2x + (−5x + −xy) + 3xy + (8x + −4y) 2x + −5x + −xy + 3xy + 8x + −4y (2x + −5x + 8x) + (−xy + 3xy) + (−4y) [2x + −5x + 8x = 5x] [−xy + 3xy = 2xy] (−5x) + (2xy) + (−4y) 5x + 2xy −4y −7(c sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. Add the second set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the fourth term.501 Algebra Questions 69. Remove the parentheses. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the associative and commutative properties for addition. Substitute the results into the last expression. 70. Remove the parentheses. Use the commutative property of addition to move terms together.

Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the associative property for addition. Remove the parentheses. Substitute the results into the original expression. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms.501 Algebra Questions 71. 5(3x + −y) + x(5 + 2y) + −4(3 + x) [5(3x + −y) = 5 · 3x + 5 · −y] [5 · 3x + 5 · −y = 15x + −5y] [x(5 + 2y) = x · 5 + x · 2y] [x · 5 + x · 2y = 5x + 2xy] [−4(3 + x) = −4 · 3 + −4 · x] [−4 · 3 + −4 · x = −12 + −4x] (15x + −5y)+ (5x + 2xy) + (−12 + −4x) 15x + −5y+ 5x + 2xy + −12 + −4x (15x + 5x + −4x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) − (+5y) + 2xy − (+12) 16x − 5y + 2xy − 12 37 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms.

[6 · m + 6 · −3n = 6m + −18n] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. 6m + −18n + 3mn + 15m + −6n + +2mn Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. 9(2x + −t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) [9(2x + −t) = 9 · 2x + 9 · −t] [9 · 2x + 9 · −t = 18x + −9t] [x(−4 + 5t) = x · −4 + x · 5t] [x · −4 + x · 5t = −4x + 5xt] (18x + −9t) + 23xt + (−4x + 5xt) 18x + −9t + 23xt + −4x + 5xt 38 Team-LRN . [3m(n + 5) = 3m · n + 3m · 5] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [−2n(3 + −m) = −2n · 3 + −2n · −m] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [−2n · 3 + −2n · −m = −6n + +2mn] Substitute the results into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 72. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. (6m + 15m) + (3mn + +2mn) + (−6n + −18n) Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. 21m + 5mn − 24n 73. [3m · n + 3m · 5 = 3mn + 15m] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. (6m + −18n) + (3mn + 15m) + (−6n + +2mn) Remove the parentheses. [6(m + −3n) = 6 · m + 6 · −3n] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the associative property for addition. 6(m + −3n) + 3m(n + 5) + −2n(3 + −m) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. (21m) + (5mn) + (−24n) Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term.

Substitute the results into the expression. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the associative property for addition. Add like terms. Substitute into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the associative property for addition. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Simplify the term inside the outer parentheses ﬁrst. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. 39 Team-LRN . 18x + −4x + −18t + 23xt + 5xt (18x + −4x) + −9t + (23xt + 5xt) (14x) + −9t + (28xt) 14x − +9t + 28xt 14x − 9t + 28xt 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)} + 5a2 [2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)] [2a(a + 3) = 2a · a + 2a · 3] [2a · a + 2a · 3 = 2a2 + 6a] [6(4 + −a) = 6 · 4 + 6 · −a] [6 · 4 + 6 · −a = 24 + −6a] [(2a2 + 6a) + (24 + −6a)] [2a2 + 6a + 24 + −6a] [2a2 + 6a + −6a + 24] [2a2 + (6a + −6a) + 24] [2a2 + (0) + 24] [2a2 + 24] 4{2a2 + 24} + 5a2 [4 · 2a2 + 4 · 24] [8a2 + 96] (8a2 + 96) + 5a2 8a2 + 96 + 5a2 8a2 + 5a2 + 96 (8a2 + 5a2) + 96 13a2 + 96 74.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Remove the parentheses. Use the identity property of addition. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. Use the commutative property of addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term.

Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Remove the parentheses. Use the associative property for addition. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. 8(2a + −b + −3c) + 3(2a + −b) + −4(6 + −b) [8(2a + −b + −3c) = 8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c] [8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c = 16a + −8b + −24c] [3(2a + −b) = 3 · 2a + 3 · −b] [3 · 2a + 3 · −b = 6a + −3b] [−4(6 + −b) = −4 · 6 + −4 · −b] [−4 · 6 + −4 · −b = −24 + +4b] (16a + −8b + −24c) + (6a + −3b) + (−24 + +4b) 16a + −8b + −24c + 6a + −3b + −24 + +4b 16a + 6a + −8b + −3b + +4b + −24c + −24 (16a + 6a) + (−8b + −3b + +4b) + −24c + −24 (22a) + (−7b) + −24c + −24 22a − 7b − 24c − 24 40 Team-LRN . Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers.501 Algebra Questions 75. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term.

Solving Basic Equations Solving equations is not very different from working with numerical or algebraic expressions. Using logic and mathematical operations. that is what you have done when you have the variable on one side of the equal sign and a number on the other. There will be different solutions to similar problems to show a variety of methods for solving equations. The inverse of subtraction is addition. Team-LRN . Look over the Tips for Solving Basic Equations before you begin this chapter’s questions. An equation is a mathematical statement where two expressions are set equal to each other. The inverse of addition is subtraction. 4 Tips for Solving Basic Equations ■ ■ If a number is being added to or subtracted from a term on one side of an equation. If you add or subtract an amount from one side of the equation. you can eliminate that number by performing the inverse operation. you can manipulate the equation to ﬁnd a solution. Simply put. But they all rely on the same rules. you must do the same to the other side to maintain the equality. The answer explanations will show and identify all the steps you will need to solve basic equations.

leaving you with just one of the variables. Just remember that you must do it to both sides. m + 2(5 − 24) = −76 86. The inverse of division is multiplication. 45r = −30 91. x 9 = 16 y − −4 = 12 2 3 a = 54 8 − 5 b = 56 42 Team-LRN . then ax ÷ a = x. 4x = −20 88. leaving you with y one of the variables. If a is a number ≠ 0. 12 − c = −9 81. If a variable is being multiplied by a coefﬁcient. a + 16 = 30 77. then b( b ) = y. 0. When you have the variable isolated on one side of the equation. c − 4( 2 − 5) = 20 85.8 92. the value on the other side is your solution. a + 1 4 = 6 4 83. 2a = 18 87. 94. b − 2 = − 3 84. s − −3 = −1 82. 76.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ The inverse of multiplication is division. you can multiply the term by the number. b − 24 = 86 80. y + 17 = −12 79. If a number is dividing a variable. 95. x − 25 = 32 78. If b is a number ≠ 0. −3y 3 1 5 2 1 = 18 89. you can eliminate the coefﬁcient by dividing both sides of the equation by that coefﬁcient. 93. 27b = 9 90.2c = 5. You can perform any operation to a term in an equation.

A business executive received a $6. After putting 324 teddy bears into packing crates. How many turtles must have been born if the current number of breeding adults is 1. What was the suggested selling price of the car? 97. Jack paid $21. This was 1.000 for his new car. there were 54 crates ﬁlled with bears. If each crate contained the same number of bears. How many acres did he plant this year? 100. Only 2% of turtle hatchlings will live to become breeding adults. How much was her annual salary before receiving the bonus? 43 Team-LRN . This year a farmer planted 300 acres of corn.200? 99. This was 5% of her annual salary.000 bonus check from her company at the end of the year. This was 8 the suggested selling price of 7 the car.501 Algebra Questions 96. how many bears were in each packing crate? 98.5 times as many acres as he planted last year.

77. Associate like terms. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. or [ ]. { }. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Zero is the identity element for addition. 44 Team-LRN . the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). a + (16 − 16) = (30 − 16) a + (0) = (14) a = 14 25 + x − 25 = 32 + 25 x + 25 − 25 = 32 + 25 x + (25 − 25) = (32 + 25) x + (0) = (57) x = 57 y + 17 − 17 = −12 − 17 y + (17 − 17) = (−12 − 17) y + (17 + −17) = (−12 + −17) y + (0) = −29 y = −29 b + −24 = 86 b + −24 + +24 = 86 + +24 b + (−24 + 24) = (86 + 24) b + (0) = 110 b = 110 Use the commutative property for addition. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Add 25 to each side of the equation. 79.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. ( ). Zero is the identity element for addition. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 76. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Associate like terms. Regardless of what symbol is used. Add +24 to each side of the equation. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Zero is the identity element for addition. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 78. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Associate like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.

Change subtraction to addition and change the 12 + −c = −9 12 + −c + +c = −9 + +c 12 + (−c + +c) = −9 + +c 12 + (0) = −9 + c 12 = −9 + c +9 + 12 = +9 + −9 + c (+9 + 12) = (+9 + −9) + c (21) = (0) + c 21 = c s + +3 = −1 s + +3 + −3 = −1 + −3 s + (+3 + −3) = −1 + −3 s + (0) = (−4) s = −4 a + 1 4 + −1 4 = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (1 4 + −1 4 ) = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (0) = 4 2 a = 42 b + −2 = −3 b + −2 − −2 = −3 − −2 b + (− 2 − − 2 ) = − 3 − − 2 b + (− 2 + + 2 ) = − 3 + + 2 b + (0) = b = 16 5 11 6 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 3 3 1 3 3 3 1 3 sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. 83. Associate like terms. Subtracting zero is the same as adding zero. 3 Associate like terms. Change the improper fraction to a mixed number. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Subtract − 2 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Add +9 to each side of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add −1 4 to each side of the equation. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions 80. Zero is the identity element for addition. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. 5 45 Team-LRN . 82. 81. Associate like terms. Add +c to each side of the equation. Add −3 to each side of the equation.

Divide both sides of the equation by 4. r= −30 45 45 3 46 Team-LRN . m + (2 · 5 − 2 · 24) = −76 Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Another method is as follows: 87. 86. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 45. Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 27. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions 84. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. c + −4( 2 + −5) = 20 1 c + (−4 · 2 + −4 · −5) = 20 c + (−2 + +20) = 20 c + (18) = 20 c + 18 − 18 = 20 − 18 c + (18 − 18) = 20 − 18 c+0=2 c=2 m + (10 − 48) = −76 m + −38 + +38 = −76 + +38 m + (−38 + +38) = −76 + +38 m + (0) = −38 m = −38 2a ÷ 2 = 18 ÷ 2 a = 18 ÷ 2 a=9 = 2 a=9 2a 2 18 1 85. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add +38 to each side of the equation. The order of operations is to multiply ﬁrst. Divide both sides of the equation by −3. Perform the operation in parentheses. Perform the operation in parentheses. Use the distributive property of multiplication. y= y = −6 27b 27 18 −3 18 −3 = 9 27 1 3 9 27 b= Reduce fractions to their simplest form. Subtract 18 from both sides of the equation. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. 89. Another look for this solution method is as follows: 88. b= 45r 45 = −2 −30 r= Reduce fractions to their simplest form (common factor of 15). Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 90. 4x ÷ 4 = −20 ÷ 4 x = −20 ÷ 4 x = −5 =−4 x = −5 4x 4 20 −3y −3 = Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers.

92. c = 0. ÷ 8 = 21. = −56 ÷ 8 b = −56 ÷ 5 ÷ b = −56 · b= −56 8 5 8 5 5 8 b= b = −35 96. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. Let x = the suggested selling price of the car.000 8 7 7 8x 7 8x = $21.2 c = 29 9( 9 ) = 9(16) x = 9(16) x = 144 · −4 = −4 · −12 y = −4 · −12 y = +48 = 48 ÷ 3 = 54 ÷ 2 a = 54 ÷ 3 a = 54 · a = 81 8 5b 3 2 2 3a 2 2 3 −4 x Multiply. There are several ways to multiply fractions and whole numbers.000 ÷ 8 x = 21.2c 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 3 .501 Algebra Questions 91.8 5. y Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. So your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 7 8. Here’s one.8 0.000 · x = $24. 8 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. 95.000 ÷ 7 x = 21.2 Divide. 93.000.2 = 5.000 7 7 8 47 Team-LRN . The 7 5 1 · 8 −280 8 ﬁrst and second sentences tell you that 8 of the suggested price = $21. 94. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9. 0. Multiply both sides of the equation by −4.2. Divide both sides of the equation by 5 . Divide both sides of the equation by 0. 2 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal.

05 d = 6.5.02t = 1.05 d = $120.05d = 6. Your equation will be: The numerical equivalent of 5% is 0.02. Divide both sides of the equation by 1.200 ÷ 0. 54b = 324 54b ÷ 54 = 324 ÷ 54 b = 324 ÷ 54 b=6 The ﬁrst sentence tells you that only 2% survive to adulthood. (5%)d = $6.200 The numerical equivalent of 2% is 0.000 0.5 times c is 300. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.02t ÷ 0.000.5 c = 200 salary equals her yearly bonus. t = 60.5 c = 300 ÷ 1.05.02 = 1. so the equation becomes Divide both sides of the equation by 0.200 ÷ 0. 1.200.5 = 300 ÷ 1.5c = 300 1. Let c = the number of acres he planted last year.05 = 6. Your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 54. Let t = the number of turtle hatchlings born. Five percent of her 1.000 48 Team-LRN .05d ÷ 0. so the equation becomes 0. Let d = her annual salary.5 c ÷ 1.200. 0. The ﬁrst sentence tells you that the number of packing crates times the number of bears in each is equal to the total number of bears. Divide. 100.05. 98.000 ÷ 0. Divide.000 ÷ 0.000 99. Divide.02.02 t = 1. Let b = the number of bears in each packing crate. 0.02 Divide.501 Algebra Questions 97. Your equation will be: (2%)t = 1. Two percent of the turtles born is 1.

as in 10 ÷ 2 = 5. Just substitute the value you ﬁnd for the variable and work Team-LRN . The solution techniques for the two types of basic equations you worked on in Chapter 4 are both utilized in the equations in this chapter. 5 Tips for Solving Multi-Step Equations ■ ■ ■ There are at least two ways to show multiplication. Use and get used to both. Similarly. or with parentheses like this: 5(3) = 15. so you should get used to either one.Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving multi-step equations simply combines the work you have done in the previous chapters. In equations. Or it can be shown using a fraction 10 bar like this: 10 ÷ 2 = 2 = 5. You may be used to seeing multiplication shown with an × like this: 5 × 3 = 15. the convention is to show multiplication with either a · like this: 5 · 3 = 15. Both conventions will be used in the answers. this becomes confusing. division can be shown using the standard division symbol ÷. Check your answers before looking at the answer solutions. In algebra.

0.25 = 1 111. 8s − 5 = 35 120. 9 ÷ 3 = 9( 2 ). s 4 + 2. If the quantities you ﬁnd are equal.5 117.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ each side of the equation as if it were a numerical expression. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. 9 = 4 m − 3 113. 101. let the unknown quantity be equal to the variable. For 2 3 example. x 3 x 7 + 4 = 10 −5=1 107. 106. 5x − 6 = −26 105. 4x + 3 = 11 102. To write an equation for a word problem. 2 3m + 8 = 20 3 112. 36 = 3a − 9 108. 2m 5 + 16 = 24 116. Find the solutions to the following equations. 13x + 21 = 60 103.7 = 3 = 25 − s 119. 4 = 4a + 20 109. 10a + 5 = 7 110.3a + 0. 4m − 14 = 50 115. −55 50 Team-LRN . 7m − 6 = −2. Then write the equation based on the information stated in the problem. your solution is correct. 10s − 6 = 0 118. 3x − 9 = 15 104. 41 − 2m = 61 114.

how many boys participate? 51 Team-LRN . How many months will it be before he will sell the animal? 122. A farmer is raising a hog that weighed 20 lbs. Mary earns $12. Jennifer earned $4.50 per hour. He expects it to gain 12 pounds per month. At year’s end. a share of stock in Axon Corporation was worth $37. He will sell it when it weighs 200 lbs.000 more than 1.50 less than twice Bill’s hourly wage. What was the price of a share of Axon stock at the beginning of the year? 124. 121. Mary earns $1. She earned $64. What is Bill’s hourly wage? 123. What was her salary at her previous employment? 125. If the number of girls participating is 105.000 at her new job. making an equation from the information given. and then solving the equation.5 times her former salary by changing jobs. Twenty-ﬁve more girls than 3 the number of boys participate in inter2 scholastic sports at a local high school.501 Algebra Questions Solve the following word problems by letting a variable equal the unknown quantity. This was $8 less than three times its value at the beginning of the year. when he bought it.

Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms. 102. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 4x + 3 − 3 = 11 − 3 4x + (3 − 3) = (11 − 3) 4x + (0) = (8) 4x = 8 4x ÷ 4 = 8 ÷ 4 x=2 13x + 21 − 21 = 60 − 21 13x + (21 − 21) = (60 − 21) 13x + (0) = (39) 13x = 39 13x ÷ 13 = 39 ÷ 13 x=3 3x − 9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + −9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + (−9 + 9) = 15 + 9 3x + (0) = 24 3x = 24 3x ÷ 3 = 24 ÷ 3 x=8 5x − 6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + −6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + (−6 + 6) = −26 + 6 5x + (0) = −20 5x = −20 5x ÷ 5 = −20 ÷ 5 x = −4 Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 101. or [ ]. Perform numerical operations. 104. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Associate like terms. ( ). Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Regardless of what symbol is used. Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 13. 52 Team-LRN . { }. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Perform numerical operations. Subtract 21 from both sides of the equation. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 103. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Zero is the identity element for addition. Add 6 to each side of the equation. Add 9 to each side of the equation. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Zero is the identity element for addition.

Zero is the identity element for addition. Zero is the identity element for addition.2 or 10a 10 2 1 5 53 Team-LRN . =6 x 7( 7 ) = 7(6) x = 42 36 + 9 = 3a − 9 + 9 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 45 = 3a + (0) 45 = 3a 45 ÷ 3 = 3a ÷ 3 15 = a 4 − 20 = 4a + 20 − 20 4 − 20 = 4a + (20 − 20) −16 = 4a + (0) −16 = 4a = 4 −4 = a 4 −16 107. Associate like terms. −5+5=1+5 + −5 + 5 = 1 + 5 + (−5 + 5) = 1 + 5 + (0) = 6 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. Multiply both sides of the equation by 7. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions 105. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Perform numerical operations. 10a + 5 − 5 = 7 − 5 10a + (5 − 5) = 7 − 5 10a + (0) = 2 10a = 2 = 10 a = 0. Associate like terms. 4a 109. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. 108. Multiply both sides of the equation by 3. Add 9 to each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Perform numerical operations. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. =6 x 3( 3 ) = 3(6) x = 18 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 106. Associate like terms. x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 + 4 − 4 = 10 − 4 + (4 − 4) = 10 − 4 + (0) = 6 Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Add 5 to each side of the equation. Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation.

You can change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the term following to its opposite. 111. Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. −2.3 0.3a + (0) = 0.75 = 0. Perform numerical operations. 112. which in this case is −2m.25) = 1 − 0.5 0.25 0. Associate like terms.3a 0. Perform numerical operations.3a + 0. Subtract 41 from both sides of the equation. 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m + 8 − 8 = 20 − 8 + (8 − 8) = 20 − 8 + (0) = 12 = 12 3 = 2 (12) m = 18 9 + 3 = 4m − 3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + −3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + (−3 + 3) 12 = 4 m + (0) 12 = 4 m = 3 ( 4 m) 16 = m 41 − 41 − 2m = 61 − 41 (41 − 41) − 2m = 61 − 41 (0) − 2m = 20 −2m = 20 −2m −2m −2 3 2 2 ( 3 m) 3 3 3 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. Multiply both sides of the equation by the reciprocal of 4 .25 − 0. 54 Team-LRN . 114. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations.25 0. Perform numerical operations.25 − 0. = 20 = 20 −2 m = −10 4m − 14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + −14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + (−14 + 14) = 50 + 14 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.501 Algebra Questions 110. Add 14 to each side of the equation.3a + (0.3 a = 2. Zero is the identity element for addition.25 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 0. Add 3 to both sides of the equation.3a = 0.25 = 1 − 0.75 0. Simplify the result. 3 3 3 4 3 (12) 4 3 Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by Use the rules for operating with signed numbers. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 the reciprocal of 3 . 113.3. 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.75 Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms.

5 + 6 7m + (0) = 3. Perform numerical operations. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 55 = 3 5 6 10 s= = 0. 10s − 6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + −6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + (−6 + 6) = 0 + 6 10s + (0) = 6 10s 10 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Divide both sides of the equation by 10.5 + 6 7m + −6 + 6 = −2. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations. 4m + (0) = 64 4m = 64 = 4 m = 16 4m 4 64 115. Or you can recognize that Then you would multiply by the reciprocal of the coefﬁcient. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation.5 5 2 2 ( 5 )m 116. Multiply both sides of the equation by 5. Associate like terms. There are two methods for solving. Zero is the identity element for addition. 117. = 2 m = 20 = ( 5 )m. 2m 5 + 16 − 16 = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (16 − 16) = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (0) = 8 2m 5 =8 2m 5( 5 ) = 5(8) 5 2m 1 ( 5 ) = 40 5 · 2m 1 · 5 = 40 10m 5 2m 2 2m 5 = 40 40 2m = 40 Divide both sides by 2. The variable in the numerator has a coefﬁcient.6 Team-LRN . 5 2 = ( 2 )8 m = 20 7m − 6 + 6 = −2. This equation presents a slightly different look.5 7m 7 3. Add 6 to each side of the equation. Add 6 to each side of the equation.5 = 7 m = 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 7.5 + 6 7m + (−6 + 6) = −2. Express the answer in the simplest form. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms. Use rules for multiplying whole numbers and fractions.

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. An equation that represents these words would be Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation. 12x + 20 = 200. 12x + 20 − 20 = 200 − 20 12x + (20 − 20) = 200 − 20 12x + (0) = 180 12x 12 180 = 12 x = 15 The farmer would have to wait 15 months before selling his hog. The equation representing the last statement would be Add 1. times 12 (pounds per month). Let x = Bill’s hourly wage.50 = 12.50 + 1. 122.50 = 12. will be equal to 200 pounds. but the term remaining is −s. 120. 80 = s 121.50 56 Team-LRN .7 − 2.3) s = 1. Associate like terms. Express the answer in simplest form. Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations.50 is equal to Mary’s hourly wage. s 4 s 4 s 4 + 2.50 + 1. Use the rules for operating with signed numbers.7 + (0) = 0.50 to both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations.50.2 8s − 5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + −5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + (−5 + 5) = 35 + 5 8s + (0) = 40 = 8 s=5 −55 119. 8s 8 40 − 25 = 25 − 25 − s Change subtraction to addition and change −55 + −25 = 25 + −25 + −s the sign of the term that follows. 4( 4 ) = 4(0. Let x = the number of months. 2x − 1. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions 118. Then 2x less $1. you −1(−80) = −1(−s) will be left with a +s or just s.3 s Associate like terms. Add 5 to each side of the equation. The number of months (x).7) = 3 − 2. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation. If you multiply both sides by −1. −80 = −s Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations.7 + (2. (−55 + −25) = (25 + −25) + −s −80 = (0) + −s Perform numerical operations. Multiply both sides of the equation by 4. 2x − 1.7 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 12. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. plus the starting weight (20).7 = 3 − 2. You are to solve for s.7 − 2. Subtract 2.

Subtract 4.000 per year.00 123. 125.5 times x plus $4.000 1. Let x = the share price at the beginning of the year. Divide both sides of the equation by 3.5 40. Bill’s hourly wage is $7. Divide both sides of the equation by 2.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations.000.00 = 2 x = 7.000 − 4.000.000 − 4.000 from both sides of the equation.5x + 4. 2x = 14.5x equation by 1.00 2x 2 14.000 = x Jennifer’s former salary was $40. The statements tell us that $64. it will equal $37. Let x = her previous salary. Perform numerical operations. The statements tell us that if we multiply the share price at the beginning of the year by 3 and then subtract $8. Let x = the number of boys who participate in interscholastic sports. 2 2 3 x + 25 = 105.5.000 Perform numerical operations.00 per hour.5 = 1. An algebraic equation to represent this statement is 64.5x + 4. The number of boys who participate is 120.000 = 1.000 = 1. An equation that represents this statement is Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation.5x Divide both sides of the 60. 124. 3x − 8 + 8 = 37 + 8 3x = 45 3x 3 45 = 3 x = 15 One share of Axon cost $15 at the beginning of the year. Perform numerical operations. 1. 3x − 8 = 37. 60. 64.000 is equal to 1. The question tells us 2 that 3 the number of boys plus 25 is equal to the number of girls who participate. An equation that represents this amount is Add 8 to both sides of the equation.000 = 1. 2 3 x + 25 − 25 = 2 3 x = 80 3 2 3 2 ( 3 x) = 2 (80) 105 − 25 x = 120 57 Team-LRN . Multiply by the reciprocal of 3 .

There is often more than one way to ﬁnd a solution. And it demonstrates your mastery of the processes involved in doing algebra. and refer to the answer explanations as you try and solve the equations by yourself. you will move easily into this chapter. Work through the questions carefully. that’s all right. Team-LRN . Then check your answers with the solutions provided. If your sequence of steps is not identical to the solution shown.Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of an Equation If you have been solving the problems in this book with some success. 6 Tips for Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of the Equation Use the distributive property of multiplication to expand and separate terms. Notice that what follows are variations on the basic distributive property. but you are getting the correct answers.

and divide variables on both sides of an equation just as you did with numerical values. 3x − 23 = 54 − 4x 128. the solution is the null set—that is.2x = 10 − 0. remember that you can add. In the instance where you have eliminated the variable altogether from the equation and end up with two values that do not equal each other—such as 5 = 7. you have found the solution. 2x + 17 − 1.3 + 5x − 0.8x − 9.25 = 1. 13x + 3(3 − x) = −3(4 + 3x) − 2x 140. 1. 126. 12x − 4(x − 1) = 2(x − 2) + 16 59 Team-LRN . which we know is not true—there is said to be no solution for the equation. Stated another way. therefore there are an inﬁnite number of solutions. multiply. Find the solutions for the following equations. is equal to itself.15 − 2x 132. a set containing no elements.1 = −1. 5x + 3 + 6x = 10x + 9 − x 129. There are two instances that sometimes occur when solving equations. 13 − 8(x − 2) = 7(x + 4) + 46 139. any value can make the equation true.4 136. 10x + 27 − 5x − 46 = 32 + 3x − 19 130. 2(2x + 19) − 9x = 9(13 − x) + 21 141.8x = 3. or some number. As you begin to practice solving the following equations. When the variable stands alone on one side of the equation. In that instance. 3(5x + 4) = 5x − 28 138. subtract. you ﬁnd that the solution seems to be the variable. 2 + 5x − 0.2x + 11 133.2 − 3x 135. 7(x + 2) + 1 = 3(x + 14) − 4x 137.4 − 0.501 Algebra Questions a(b − c) = ab − ac −1(b + c) = −b − c −1(b − c) = −b + c or −(b − c) = −b + c The object is to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. 0. 10x + 9 = 2x − 7 127.3 = 4x + 2 134. In another instance. 3x + 12 − 0.4 + 3x − 0. 20x − 11 − 3x = 9x + 43 131.

2x + 1 5 x = 1 + 3x 143.7(5 + x) − 0.2x − 1) = 0. 5 2 (x − 2) + 3x = 3(x + 1 1 6( 2 x + 2 ) = 3(x + 1) 4 2) − 10 145.5 = 0. 0.7(0. 144. 10(x + 2) + 7(1 − x) = 3(x + 9) 147.2x) 146. 3(3x + 4) − 7 = 13(x + 1) 149. 4(9 − x) = 2x − 6(x + 6) 148.501 Algebra Questions 142. 7(x − 10) + 110 = 4(x − 25) + 7x 150.3(3 − 0.9x 60 Team-LRN .8(x + 20) − 4. 0.

Simplify. Now add 4x to both sides. Simplify. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Let’s check the answer. Substitute −2 for x in the original equation. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Simplify. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. Identity property of 0 for addition. { }. 3x − 23 + 23 = 54 + 23 − 4x 3x + 0 = 77 − 4x 3x = 77 − 4x 3x + 4x = 77 − 4x + 4x 7x = 77 = 7 x = 11 7x 7 77 127. Identity property of 0 for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. ( ). Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Simplify. Simplify by combining like terms. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. so this answer is a correct solution. 126. 61 Team-LRN . Add 23 to both sides of the equation. or [ ]. Solution. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. Simplify. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 10x + 9 − 9 = 2x − 7 − 9 10x + (0) = 2x − 16 10x = 2x − 16 10x − 2x = 2x − 2x − 16 8x = −16 = 8 1x = −2 x = −2 8x 8 −16 10(−2) + 9 = 2(−2) − 7 −20 + 9 = −4 − 7 −11 = −11 The result is a true statement. Simplify.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides by 2. Add and subtract from left to right. Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 128. Simplify. Subtract 3 from both sides. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. 10x − 5x + 27 − 46 = 3x + 32 − 19 5x − 19 = 3x + 13 5x + 19 − 19 = 3x + 19 + 13 5x = 3x + 32 5x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 32 2x = 32 = 2 x = 16 2x 2 32 10(16) + 27 − 5(16) − 46 = 32 + 3(16) − 19 (160) + 27 − (80) − 46 = 32 + (48) − 19 62 Team-LRN . Simplify by multiplying factors. Now subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. therefore. the solution is correct. Add 19 to both sides of the equation. Let’s check this answer. Substitute 16 for x in the original equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Parentheses are not needed. Use the commutative property of addition with like terms. Simplify. Use the commutative property 5x + 6x + 3 = 10x − x + 9 11x + 3 = 9x + 9 11x + 3 − 3 = 9x + 9 − 3 11x = 9x + 6 11x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 6 2x = 6 =2 x=3 2x 2 6 187 − 80 − 46 = 80 −19 107 − 46 = 61 61 = 61 The previous statement is true. Simplify. 129. of addition with like terms.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 132. Simplify. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.8x + 17 = 21 − 0. Use the commutative property with = 1 5 1 5 x= like terms.15 − 0.2x + 0.2x + 17 = 10 + 11 − 0.15 = 1.4 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x + 17 − 17 = 21 − 17 − 0. Identity property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.75 3x + 0.15 = 1.15 − 2x 3x + 0.15 − 0.2x 1x = 4 x=4 63 Team-LRN .8x + 0.2x = 4 − 0. Use the commutative property to move like terms.501 Algebra Questions 130. Add 0.2x to both sides of the equation.2x 0.2x 0. Simplify. Identity property of addition. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression.2x 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x = 4 − 0. 131. Add 11 to both sides of the equation. 2x − 1. Add 2x to both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property to move 20x − 3x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x + 11 − 11 = 9x + 43 + 11 17x = 9x + 54 17x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 54 8x = 54 = 8 x = 6.25 = 1.15 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0.2x 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 8.15 − 2x 3x + (0) = 1 − 2x 3x = 1 − 2x 3x + 2x = 1 − 2x + 2x 5x = 1 5x 5 8x 8 54 like terms. Simplify.

3 = x The answer will be the same.15 − 2x 3x + 2x + 0. 5x + 1. 3x + 0.501 Algebra Questions 133. As long as you do proper math.7 − 2 = 4x + 2 − 2 Combine like terms on each side of the equation.7.2 5x 5 1 134. 64 Team-LRN . 5x − 0.15 = 1.7 Combine like terms and simplify the expression.15 = 1.15 + (2x − 2x) 5x + 0. Subtract 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.15 − 2x 3x + (0. 5x + 1.3 Let’s try this a slightly different way.15 − 2x 3x + 0.15 from both sides of the equation.4 − 0.3 −x the variable x which is −1. Simplify. Use the commutative property with like terms.15 5x + 0 = 1 5x = 1 =5 x = 0.3 = −x equation.3 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. 5x + 2 − 0. Remove the parentheses. Instead of adding 1. Simplify the expression. try subtracting 2 from both sides of the equation.15 − 2x 3x + (0.15 = 1. Add 2x to both sides of the equation.15 = 1. 0.15 + 2x − 2x (3x + 2x) + 0.25) = 1. Associate like terms on each side of the equation.7 = 4x + 2 Subtract 1.4 − 0.15 5x + 0. Associate like terms.7 from both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms.15) = 1.7 = 4x + 2 − 1.25 = 1. 5x − 5x − 0.3 = 4x + 2 Combine like terms and simplify the expression.15 = 1.7 − 1.3 Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation. 5x + 1.15 − 0. x = 0. 5x − 4x = 4x − 4x + 0.15 − 0.3 = 4x Now subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Now divide both sides by the coefﬁcient of −0.3 = 4x − 5x Combine like terms on each side of the −0. Simplify the expression. you can manipulate an equation many ways and still get the correct solution. −1 = −1 Dividing like signs results in a positive. Simplify the expression. Identity property of addition. 5x = 4x + 0.

Associate like terms on each side of the equation.8x 2.8x = −18 + 0.2x + 0. Identity property of addition. Use the commutative property with like terms. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.2x + (0) = (−18) − 0.8x to both sides of the equation.4 − 0.501 Algebra Questions 135.4) − 0.8x 2. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x (3x − 0. 136.2x + 12 − 12 = −6 − 12 − 0. Use the commutative property with like terms. Add x to both sides of the equation.2x + (12 − 12) = (−6 − 12) − 0. Simplify the expression.8x + 12 = 3. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of 3x − 0.4 − 9. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation.2x = −18 − 0.4 − 9.8x 2. Divide both sides of the equation by 8.8x 2.8x 3x = −18 = 3 x = −6 3x 3 −18 multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x 2. 7(x) + 7(2) + 1 = 3(x) + 3(14) − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x + 42 − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x − 4x + 42 7x + 15 = −1x + 42 7x + 15 − 15 = −1x + 42 − 15 7x = −1x + 27 7x + x = x + −1x + 27 8x = 27 8x 8 = x= 27 8 3 38 65 Team-LRN .2x + 12 = −6 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. Associate like terms on each side of the equation.8x) + 12 = (3. Simplify the expression.8x 2. Add 0.8x − 0.

Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of 13 − 8(x) − 8(−2) = 7(x) + 7(4) + 46 13 − 8x + 16 = 7x + 28 + 46 13 + 16 − 8x = 7x + 28 + 46 29 − 8x = 7x + 74 29 + 8x − 8x = 8x + 7x + 74 29 = 15x + 74 29 − 74 = 15x + 74 − 74 −45 −45 = 15x 15x = 15 −3 = x 15 multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the expression. Add 11x to both sides of the equation. 138. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 15. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of 3(5x) + 3(4) = 5x − 28 15x + 12 = 5x − 28 15x + 12 − 12 = 5x − 28 − 12 15x = 5x − 40 15x − 5x = 5x − 5x − 40 10x = −40 = 10 −4 x= 10x 10 −40 multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 13x + 3(3) − 3(x) = −3(4) − 3(3x) − 2x 13x + 9 − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 13x − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 10x = −12 − 11x 9 + 10x + 11x = −12 − 11x + 11x 9 + 21x = −12 9 − 9 + 21x = −12 − 9 66 Team-LRN . 139. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 137. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms. Subtract 74 from both sides of the equation. Add 8x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 10.

Use order of operations. Subtract 38 from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of 21x = −21 = 21 −1 x= 21x 21 −21 multiplication. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Use the commutative property with like terms. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 21. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 67 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. Add 9x to both sides of the equation. 2(2x) + 2(19) − 9x = 9(13) − 9(x) + 21 4x + 38 − 9x = 117 − 9x + 21 38 + 4x − 9x = 117 + 21 − 9x 38 − 5x = 138 − 9x 38 − 38 − 5x = 138 − 38 − 9x −5x −5x = 100 − 9x + 9x = 100 − 9x + 9x 4x = 100 = 4 x = 25 4x 4 100 2(2(25) + 19) − 9(25) = 9(13 − (25)) + 21 2(50 + 19) − 225 = 9(−12) + 21 2(69) − 225 = −108 + 21 138 − 225 = −87 −87 = −87 The solution is correct. Simplify the expression. 140.

12x − 4(x) − 4(−1) = 2(x) + 2(−2) + 16 12x − 4x + 4 = 2x − 4 + 16 8x + 4 = 2x + 12 8x + 4 − 4 = 2x + 12 − 4 8x = 2x + 8 8x − 2x = 2x − 2x + 8 6x = 8 6x 6 = 4 3 8 6 x= x = 13 12( 3 ) − 4(( 3 ) − 1) = 2(( 3 ) − 2) + 16 4 4 4 1 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 − 3 ) = 2( 3 − 3 ) + 16 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 ) = 2( 3 ) + 16 4 1 −2 4 4 3 4 6 Multiply. Use the distributive property =1 5 4 4 ( 5 x) 5 x= 4 = 4 (1) 5 on both sides. Simplify the equation by adding like terms. Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. 48 3 − 4 3 = − 3 + 16 4 3 4 Add 4 to both sides of the 3 48 4 equation. 142.501 Algebra Questions 141. You can multiply by 4 . Simplify the expression. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. so this solution is correct. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Operate inside the parentheses ﬁrst. 3 + 3 − Simplify the expression. = 4 3 − 4 3 + 16 3 5 x = 1 + 3x 3 5 x − 3x = 1 + 3x − 3x 4 5x 4 4 Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation. Remember that division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by the reciprocal 5 of the fraction. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the expression. Change whole numbers to fractional equivalents. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 143. 5 5 2 (x) − 2 (2) + 3x = 3(x) + 3(2) 5 2 x − 5 + 3x = 3x + 6 − 10 − 10 68 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. 4 Divide both sides of the equation by 5 . Reduce fractions to simplest terms. 16 = 16 A true statement.

5 2x + 3x − 5 = 3x + 6 − 10 2( 2 x + 3x − 5) = 2(3x + 6 − 10) 2( 2 x) + 2(3x) − 2(5) = 2(3x) + 2(6) − 2(10) 5x + 6x − 10 = 6x + 12 − 20 11x − 10 = 6x − 8 11x − 10 + 10 = 6x − 8 + 10 11x = 6x + 2 11x − 6x = 6x − 6x + 2 5x = 2 5x 5 5 5 = 2 5 2 5 1 1 x= 144.2x = 1. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.06x 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.7 + 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.9 + 0.14x − 0.2x) 0. Use the distributive property. Add 10 to both sides of the equation.7 = 0. A simple way to avoid having to operate with fractions is to multiply the equation by a factor that will eliminate the denominator. Simplify the expression.14x + 0. Use the distributive property on both sides.2 Team-LRN .06x 0. Simplify the expression. 3 = 3 Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. 0. x=x There are an inﬁnite number of solutions for this equation. Simplify the expressions.3(3) − 0. Add 0.2x) − 0.6 = x=8 69 0. Add 0. that would be a 2.2x 0.7 0.2x − 0.2x − 0. Simplify the expressions.6 0. 145.06x to both sides of the equation.06x − 0. In this case.7 = 0.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property with like terms.9 0.9 − 0. Use the distributive property on both sides.7 = 0.7(1) = 0.6x + 0. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.7 = 0. Subtract 6x from both sides of the equation.3(0.7 to both sides of the equation. 6( 2 x) + 6( 2 ) = 3(x) + 3(1) 3x + 3 = 3x + 3 3x + 3 − 3 = 3x + 3 − 3 3x = 3x 3x 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3.2.2 1.9 − 0.7(0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 36 = −36 This is not true. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 10(x) + 10(2) + 7(1) − 7(x) = 3(x) + 3(9) Simplify the expression. Simplify the expressions. 10x + 20 + 7 − 7x = 3x + 27 Use the commutative property with like terms. x=x The solutions for this equation are inﬁnite. There is no solution for this equation. Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions 146. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 36 + 4x − 4x = 4x − 4x − 36 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 36 − 4x = 2x − 6x − 36 Combine like terms. 36 − 4x = −4x − 36 Add 4x to both sides of the equation. 3x + 27 − 27 = 3x + 27 − 27 Simplify the expression. 147. Subtract 13 from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 10x − 7x + 20 + 7 = 3x + 27 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. = 4x 4x = 4 −2 = x 4 70 Team-LRN . Another way of saying this is to say that the solution for this equation is the null set. 3x + 27 = 3x + 27 Looking familiar? Subtract 27 from both sides. 3(3x) + 3(4) − 7 = 13(x) + 13(1) 9x + 12 − 7 = 13x + 13 9x + 5 = 13x + 13 9x − 9x + 5 = 13x − 9x + 13 5 = 4x + 13 5 − 13 = 4x + 13 − 13 −8 −8 148. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. 4(9) − 4(x) = 2x − 6(x) − 6(6) Simplify the expressions. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. 3x = 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3.

Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expressions. x = −8 71 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. 8x + 2x = −80 − 2x + 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 8x + 115 − 115 = 35 − 115 − 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 8(x) + 8(20) − 45 = 7(5) + 7(x) − 9x Simplify the expressions.8(x + 20)] − 10[4. 8x + 160 − 45 = 35 + 7x − 9x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 40 from both sides of the equation.5] = 10[0. 10[0. 8x + 115 = 35 − 2x Subtract 115 from both sides of the equation.8(x + 20) − 4.501 Algebra Questions 149. 10[0. it might make it easier for you.7(5 + x) − 0.9x] Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by −4.5] = 10[0. many of the terms are in decimal form.7(5 + x)] − 10[0. In this equation. Subtract 11x from both sides of the equation.9x] Simplify the expressions. 10 = 10 Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 10x = −80 Divide both sides of the −80 10x equation by 10. You should look for opportunities to simplify your work. If you multiply the equation by 10. 8(x + 20) − 45 = 7(5 + x) − 9x Use the distributive property again. 8x = −80 − 2x Add 2x to both sides of the equation. 7(x) − 7(10) + 110 = 4(x) − 4(25) + 7x 7x − 70 + 110 = 4x − 100 + 7x 7x + 40 = 11x − 100 7x + 40 − 40 = 11x − 100 − 40 7x = 11x − 140 7x − 11x = 11x − 11x − 140 −4x −4x −4 = −140 −140 = −4 x = 35 150.

or technology. you will generally be given values for all but one. Select from these formulas the appropriate one to solve the following word problems: Volume of a rectangular solid: V = lwh where l = length. Put a question mark next to the equal sign in place of the value for the unknown variable. These word problems require you to ﬁnd an unknown value in a formula. h = height. Then you will be asked to solve the equation for the missing variable. Algebra is a useful skill to know when faced with problems in these areas. science. Keep in mind the rules for order of operations. social studies. In this chapter. It can be helpful to list each variable with its given value. 7 Tips for Using Formulas to Solve Equations Given a formula with several variables.Using Formulas to Solve Equations Chances are you have been asked to use formulas to solve problems in math. you will have the chance to solve word problems that could pop up in any one of these subject areas. Team-LRN . You will be using your algebra problem solving skills in every problem. w = width.

its rooﬂine measured 40 feet. A hiking group wanted to travel along a chapter of the Appalachian Trail for 3 days.000 in interest over 2 years at an annual rate of 4%. If the length of the box is 7 ft.5 hours. Simple interest: I = prt where p = principal. In order to earn $1.14). What are the lengths of the bases. t = time in years. the total interest paid on a $4. how much interest would $12. A ﬂight from Miami to Aruba takes 3. A trapezoid with an area of 240 square inches has a height of 12 inches.500 loan was $1. and height is 4 cm. A bicycle tour group planned to travel 68 miles between two New England towns. t = time.14) where r = radius and h = height Surface area of a cylinder: S = 2πr (r + h) where r = radius of the base. What is the area of a trapezoid whose height is 8 cm and whose bases are 12 cm and 16 cm? 161.000 earn over 2 years? 157. How long will it take for a $3. Over a three year period. what is its height? 153.5 ft. 151. Find the volume of a rectangular solid whose length is 12 cm. What rate of speed would they have to average to complete the trail chapter as planned? 156. How far is it from Miami to Aruba? 154. if the lower base is three times the length of the upper? 73 Team-LRN . They planned to hike 6 hours per day and wanted to complete a trail chapter that was 45 miles long. An airplane ﬂies at an average velocity of 350 miles per hour.000 savings account to double its value at a simple interest rate of 10%? 160. Area of a trapezoid: A = 2 h(b1 + b2) where h = height and b1 and b2 are the bases.200 ft2? 162.501 Algebra Questions Distance formula: D = rt where r = rate.620. Fahrenheit/Celsius equivalence: C = 9 (F − 32) Volume of a cylinder: V = πr 2h (let π = 3. width is 9 5 1 cm. A rectangular container has a volume of 98 ft3. how much principal must be put into a savings account? 159. At an interest rate of 6%. and the surface area of one side was 7. 152. r = interest rate. and its width is 3. What would be the height of a trapezoidal building if at its base it measured 80 feet. What was the interest rate? 158. h = height of cylinder (let π = 3. How long would the trip take if they averaged 17 miles per hour for the trip? 155.

What is the height of a cylinder whose surface area is 282. The volume of a cylindrical aquarium tank is 13. You plan to visit a tropical island where the daytime temperature can reach 45° Celsius. 167. What is its surface area? 169.) 165. He is going to a country where the temperature is reported in Celsius.512 square feet.565 cubic feet. What would Jeff ’s low temperature limit be in that country? (Round your answer to the nearest degree.6 square inches and whose radius is 3 inches? 170. A cylinder has a surface area of 2.501 Algebra Questions 163. The radius of the base of a cylinder is 20 cm. If its radius is 12 feet. The height of the cylinder is three times the radius of the base of the cylinder. Jeff won’t play golf if the temperature falls below 50° Fahrenheit. 74 Team-LRN . The height of the cylinder is 40 cm.12 cubic centimeters and whose height is 12 centimeters. what is its height to the nearest foot? 168. Find the radius of a cylinder whose volume is 339. Find the radius and the height of the cylinder. A steel drum has a base with a radius of 2 feet and a height of 4 feet. What would that temperature be on the Fahrenheit scale? 164. What is its volume in cubic feet? 166.

the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written.5h = 24. 152. Regardless of what symbol is used. Simplify the expression.5h List the values for the variables. List the values for the variables.5 4=h h = 4 feet 98 24. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 151. V = lwh V=? l = 12 cm w = 9 cm h = 4 cm V = (12)(9)(4) V = 432 V = 432 cm3 V = lwh V = 98 l=7 w = 3.5)h 98 = 24.225 miles 75 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The simpliﬁed result is underlined. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Write the appropriate formula. Simplify the expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.225 D = 1. Include the units. or [ ]. Include the units. List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. { }. Substitute the values for the variables. 153. D = rt D=? r = 350 t = 3. Substitute the values into the formula.5) D = 1. Write the applicable formula.5 24. ( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.5 D = (350)(3. Substitute the values into the formula. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward.5 h=? 98 = (7)(3. Divide both sides of the equation by 24.5. Simplify the expression. Include the units.

t = 18 45 = r (18) 45 = 18r = 18 2. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.500 0. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 17.000 r = 6% t=2 I = (12.5 miles per hour = r I = prt I=? p = 12.12 = r 12% = r I = prt I = 1. Include the units.501 Algebra Questions 154. Calculate the total number of hours. Simplify the expression. 155. 2. Write the applicable formula. Write the applicable formula.000)(0. Write the applicable formula.5 = r 45 18 18r 68 17 17t List the values for the variables. List the values for the variables.06)(2) I = 1. Include the units.500. Divide both sides of the equation by 13. Simplify the expression. Substitute the values for the variables.620 = 13. List the values for the variables. 156. Write the applicable formula.620 = (4. List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. Substitute the given values into the formula.500r = 13.440 I = $1. Team-LRN .440 I = prt I = 1. 157. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Include the units.620 p = 4.500 r=? t=3 1.500)r (3) 1. Divide both sides of the equation by 18. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression.000 p=? r = 4% t=2 76 1620 13500 13. 158. D = rt D = 68 r = 17 t=? 68 = (17)t 68 = 17t = 17 4=t 4 hours = t D = rt D = 45 r=? 6 hrs 3 days · day = 18 hrs.500r List the values for the variables. Express as a percent.

Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.500 = p $12. Include the units. 77 Team-LRN .500 = p I = prt 1. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula.200 60 60h 1 1 List the values for the variables. 160. Write the applicable formula. the account would have to earn $3. Simplify the expression.000 in interest.08p To double its value. Include the units.08p = 0.200 = 60 h = 60 120 = h 120 ft = h 7. Substitute the given values into the formula.000 0.10)t 3.000 = (3.000 r = 10% t=? 3.08. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 300. A = · 224 A = 112 A = 112 cm2 A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 7. Substitute the given values into the formula.000)(0. Simplify the expression. 1.000 300 300t List the values for the variables.000 = 0. 159.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the given values into the formula.200 = 2 · h · (40 + 80) 7.08 12. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.04)(2) 1. Simplify the expression.000 p = 3.08 0. · 8 · (12 + 16) · 8 · 28 Include the units.200 = 2 · h · 120 7.000 = 300t = 300 10 = t 10 years = t A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A=? b1 = 12 b2 = 16 h=8 A= A= 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 3. Write the applicable formula.200 b1 = 40 b2 = 80 h=? 1 7. 161. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables. I = 3.000 = p(0. Divide both sides of the equation by 60. Include the units.

· 12 · (x + 3x) 240 = · 12 · 4x 240 = 6 · 4x 240 = 24x = 24 10 = x b = 10 b2 = 3(10) b2 = 30 C = 9 (F − 32) C = 45 F=? 45 = 9 (F − 32) 5 9(45) = 9[ 9 (F − 32)] 405 = 5(F − 32) 405 = 5F − 5(32) 405 = 5F − 160 405 + 160 = 5F + 160 − 160 565 = 5F = 5 113 = F 5 565 5 5F 5 5 240 24 24x Divide both sides of the equation by 24. List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Add 160 to both sides of the equation. C = 9 (F − 32) C=? F = 50 C = 9 (50 − 32) C = 9 (18) C = 9( 1 ) C = 10 5 18 5 5 78 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9. Simplify the expression. Substitute 10 for x in the list of variables. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 240 b1 = x b2 = 3x h = 12 240 = 1 2 1 2 1 Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula. List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. 164. Substitute the given values into the formula. List the values for the variables.501 Algebra Questions 162. 163. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Write the applicable formula.

565 = (3. Divide both sides of the equation by 37.68 r2 9 = r2 3=r 3 cm = r 339.536 cm2 79 Team-LRN . Write the applicable formula.14 V = (3.12 r=? h = 12 π = 3. 166. = 37.16 = 452.12 = 37.565 = 452. Divide both sides of the equation by 452.565 r = 12 h=? π = 3.536 S = 7.14 339. Simplify the expression.14 13.565 452. List the values for the variables.68 List the values for the variables.12 = (3. Substitute the given values into the formula. Include the units. Write the applicable formula. Include the units. 167.68r2 37. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula. V = πr2h V = 13. Substitute the given values into the formula. Write the applicable formula. Include the units. Substitute the given values into the formula. Include the units. V = πr2h V=? r=2 h=4 π = 3.68.14 S = 2(3.16h 452.16 List the values for the variables.16h 30 = h 30 feet = h 13. 168.14)(2)2(4) V = 50.14)(12 2)h 13. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. S = 2πr (r + h) S=? r = 20 h = 40 π = 3.501 Algebra Questions 165.68 List the values for the variables. Substitute the given values into the formula.24 ft3 V = πr2h V = 339. Simplify the expression.12 37.16. Simplify the expression.24 V = 50.14)(20)(20 + 40) S = 7.14)r2(12) 339.

512 r=x h = 3x π = 3.52 − 56. List the values for the variables.08 18.512 = 2(3.84(3 + h) 282.52 + 18.84.84 226. Substitute the value for x into the values list.28 x(4 x) = 25.14 2.84 h 282.6 = 18.52 from both sides of the equation.84h 226. Write the applicable formula.52 = 56. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 282.84(h) 282. Simplify the expression.12x2 Substitute the given values into the formula. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the equation by 25. Simplify the expression. Include the units.14 282.52 + 18.6 r=3 h=? π = 3.84(3) + 18.512 25. Solve for x.6 = 56.6 = 18. Write the applicable formula.84h 18. Simplify the expression.12.6 − 56. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 169.12 100 = x2 10 = x 2. Simplify the expression.12 25.512 = 6.84 Substitute the given values into the formula. 170. = 12 = h 12 in = h 8.14)(x)(x + 3 x) 2.84 List the values for the variables.08 = 18. Simplify the expression.14)(3)(3 + h) 282. Divide both sides of the equation by 18. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 2. r = x = 10 feet h = 3x = 3(10) = 30 feet 80 Team-LRN .6 = 2(3. Subtract 56.

The slope of a line is the ratio of the change in the y value over the change in the x value from one point on the solution graph to another.Graphing Linear Equations This chapter asks you to ﬁnd solutions to linear equations by graphing. we will focus on the slope and yintercept method. the slope is the rise over the run. Team-LRN . The y-intercept is the point where the solution graph (line) crosses the y-axis. Every point on the line is a solution for the equation. The solution of a linear equation is the set of ordered pairs that form a line on a coordinate graph. the equation with two variables must be written in the form y = mx + b. But in this chapter. 8 Tips for Graphing Linear Equations ■ Rewrite the given equation in the form y = mx + b. That is. Another way of saying that is: The y-intercept is the place where the value of x is 0. From one point to another. the m value is a number that represents the slope of the solution graph and the b is a number that represents the y-intercept. You select a value for x and solve for the y value. The slope and y-intercept method may require you to change an equation into the slope-intercept form. One method for graphing the solution is to use a table with x and y values that are solutions for the particular equation. Written in this form.

189.4x = −2 188. For example. y = 5x − 2 173. Graph the following equations using the slope and y-intercept method. If the value of m is a whole number. b). x = 7y − 14 185. 6y + 13x = 12 82 Team-LRN . 7x = 4y + 8 191. y = 2x + 3 172. y = 2 x − 3 176. use a negative sign in only the numerator 3 3 −3 or the denominator. 3x + 9y = −27 183. Use the value of m as the slope of the equation. 2y + 4x = 10 181. not both. 2x + 5y = 30 180. y − 2 x = 3 2 179. y = −2x + 6 174. If the value of m is negative. That is the point (0. y = 4 x − 1 175. 171. − 4 = 4 = −4 . 20x − 15 = 5y 192. the slope is the whole change in y number over 1.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ Use the b value to determine where the line crosses the y-axis. 2 3y − 5 6x − 1 2x 1 3y =0 =2 190. x − 3y = 15 182. The value of m is = change in x . Write the slope as a fraction. y + 3x = −2 178. −5x 3 5 1 1 − y = −2 7 184. 3x + 12y = −18 187. y − 0. y − 2x = 4 177. 0 = 2x + 3y 186.

83 Team-LRN . 197. for every 25 feet it moves parallel to the ground. Write an equation to represent the glider’s descent from an altitude of 200 feet. A recent backyard bird count showed that one out of every six birds that visited backyard feeders was a chickadee. Write an equation that would represent the monthly bill of a user. A dive resort rents scuba equipment at a weekly rate of $150 per week and charges $8 per tank of compressed air used during the week of diving. Write an equation to represent a diver’s cost for one week of diving at the resort. −34x + 85 = 17y 195. A scooter rental agency charges $20 per day plus $0. An Internet service provider charges $15 plus $0.05 per mile for the rental of a motor scooter. 0. it will lose 1 foot of altitude. 200. Write an equation to represent this ratio. 199.4 194. 196. Write an equation to represent the cost of one day’s rental. That is.25 per hour of usage per month. use the slope/y-intercept method to write an equation that would enable you to draw a graphic solution for each problem. 6y + 27x = −42 For the following problems.1x = 0.501 Algebra Questions 193. 198.7y + 1. A glider has a 25:1 descent ratio when there are no updrafts to raise its altitude.

501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. (0 + 1. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. { }. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. ( ). When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.3 + 2) or (1.3). perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward.3) x 84 Team-LRN .5). Regardless of what symbol is used. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. or [ ]. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 2 change in y (1. b=3 A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 171.5) (0. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

(0 + 1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3). 5 change in y (1.3) x (0. A change in y of 5 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 5 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2 + 5) or (1.−2) 85 Team-LRN .−2).501 Algebra Questions 172. b = −2.

b = 6. 2 change in y (0.4). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.6). (0 + 1.6) (1.4) x 86 Team-LRN .6 − 2) or (1.501 Algebra Questions 173.

−1 + 3) or (4.−1) 87 Team-LRN . 3 change in y (4.2). (0 + 4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 174.−1). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2) x (0. b = −1.

A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−3). (0 + 2. b = −3.2).−3 + 5) or (2.501 Algebra Questions 175.−3) 88 Team-LRN . 5 change in y (2.2) x (0.

The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 2 change in y (1. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 2x − 2 x = 2x + 4 y = 2x + 4 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4) x 89 Team-LRN . Add 2x to both sides of the equation.4).501 Algebra Questions 176.4 + 2) or (1.6) (0.6). Simplify the equation. b = 4. (0 + 1. Put the equation in the proper form.

−5). b = −2.−2) (1. Put the equation in the proper form. Simplify the equation. Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation.−2 − 3) or (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 3x − 3x = − 3x − 2 y = − 3x − 2 m = −3 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 3 change in y x (0.−2).501 Algebra Questions 177.−5) 90 Team-LRN . (0 + 1.

3 2 + 1) or (2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3 ) x 91 Team-LRN . Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. 1 b = 32.3 2 ).4 2 ).501 Algebra Questions 178. A change in y of 1 and in x of 2 gives the point y 1 y + 2x − 2x = 2x + 32 y = 2x + 32 m = 2 = change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 2. Simplify the equation.4 ) (0. 1 1 1 change in y 1 1 1 1 1 1 (2. Put the equation in the proper form.

6) (5. Put the equation in the proper form.4) x 92 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation.6). b = 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 179. Simplify the equation.6 − 2) or (5. (0 + 5. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. A change in y of −2 and in x of 5 gives the point y 2x − 2x + 5y = −2x + 30 5y = −2x + 30 5y 5 = y= y= (−2x + 30) 5 −2x 30 5 + 5 −2 5x + 6 −2 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4). change in y (0. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation.

501 Algebra Questions 180. Simplify the equation. Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation.5). Divide both sides of the equation by 2. Simplify the equation. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 2y + 4x − 4x = −4x + 10 2y = −4x + 10 2y 2 = y= y = −2x + 5 (−4x + 10) 2 −4x 10 2 + 2 m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3) x 93 Team-LRN . 2 change in y (0.5) (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Put the equation in the proper form. (0 + 1.3). b = 5.5 − 2) or (1.

Simplify the equation.−5 + 1) or (3.−5) 94 Team-LRN . A change in y of 1 and in x of 3 gives the point y x 3 (1)(x) 1 x 1 x − 3y + 3y = 15 + 3y x = 15 + 3y x − 15 = 15 − 15 + 3y x − 15 = 3y (x − 15) 3y = 3 3 x 15 3 − 3 =y x 3 −5=y 1 3x − 5 = y y = 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−4). = (3)(1) = 3 · 1 = 3 x The equation is equivalent to the proper form. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. b = −5.−5). Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. 1 change in y 1 x (3.501 Algebra Questions 181. (0 + 3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Add 3y to both sides of the equation.−4) (0. Simplify the equation.

−4) 95 Team-LRN . A change in y of −1 and in x of 3 gives the point y (−x − 9) 3 −x 9 −3 3 −x −9 3 − 3 −1 3x − 3 1 change in y m = − 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 182.−3) (3. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Subtract x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation.−3 − 1) or (3. (0 + 3. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. x (0. = −9 x + 3y = −9 x − x + 3y = −x − 9 3y = −x − 9 3y 3 (3x + 9y) 3 3x 9y + 3 3 = −27 3 = y= y= y= The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −3. −4).−3).

A change in y of −5 and in x of 1 gives the point of y 7 1 5x − 5x − y = 5x − −y 7 2 = 5x − 7 2 7 −1(−y) = −1(5x − 2 ) 7 2 5 change in y change in x 1 y = −5x + m = −5 = − 1 = 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 183. Add 5x to both sides of the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3 2 ). Simplify the equation.−1 ) 96 Team-LRN . Multiply both sides of the equation by −1.3 ) x (1. Put the equation in the proper form. 1 (0. Simplify the equation.−1 2 ).3 2 − 5) or (1. (0 + 1. b = 2 = 32.

Divide both sides of the equation by 7. 1 change in y (7.2 + 1) or (7. Put the equation in the proper form. A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 2.501 Algebra Questions 184. (0 + 7. Add 14 to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. x + 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 x + 14 = 7y (x + 14) 7y = 7 7 x 7 +2=y 1 7x + 2 = y 1 y = 7x + 2 The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3) (0. Simplify the equation.2).3).2) x 97 Team-LRN .

Divide both sides of the equation by −3. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2). A change in y of −2 and in x of 3 gives the point y −3y −3y −3 0 − 3y = 2x + 3y − 3y = 2x = 2x −3 −2x 3 2 change in y change in x y= m = −3 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0. (0 + 3.0).0) (3. Subtract 3y from both sides of the equation. so b = 0.0 − 2) or (3.501 Algebra Questions 185. Put the equation in the proper form. There is no b showing in the equation.−2) x 98 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation.

1 1 x (0. Simplify the equation.−1 2 − 1) or (4. Subtract x from both sides of the equation.−1 ) (4. Simplify the equation. (0 + 4. Divide both sides of the equation by 4.−2 ) 99 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 186.−2 2 ). Simplify the equation.−1 2 ). Put the equation in the proper form. 2 A change in y of −1 and in x of 4 gives the point y = −6 x + 4y = −6 x − x + 4y = − x − 6 4y = − x − 6 4y 4 (3x + 12y) 3 3x 12y + 3 3 = −18 3 = y= y= (−x − 6) 4 −x 6 −4 4 −1x − 11 4 2 −1 m= 4 = change in y change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. b = −3.

4x − 2 y = 0. (0 + 5.0).−2) x 100 Team-LRN . Add 0. Put the equation in the proper form.0) (0.4 = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2).4x − 0. b = −2. A change in y of 2 and in x of 5 gives the point y y + 0. Simplify the equation.501 Algebra Questions 187.4x to both sides of the equation.4x = 0.−2 + 2) or (5. 4 2 change in y (5.4x − 2 m = 0.

501 Algebra Questions 188. Put the equation in the proper form.

Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Multiply both sides of the 3 equation by 2 . Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

1

2 3y 2 3y

− 2x + 2x = 0 + 2x = 2x

1

1

1

1

3 2 3 1 2 ( 3 )y = 2 ( 2 x) 3 1y = 4 x 3 y = 4x

m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,0). (0 + 4,0 + 3) or (4,3).

3

change in y

(4,3) x

(0,0)

101

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 189. Simplify the equation. It would be easier to operate with an equation that

doesn’t have fractional coefﬁcients. So if you multiply the whole equation by the lowest common multiple of the denominators, you will have whole numbers with coefﬁcients. Multiply both sides of the 5 1 equation by 6. 6( 6 x − 3 y) = 6(2) Use the distributive 5 1 property of multiplication. 6( 6 x) − 6( 3 y) = 6(2) Simplify the equation. 5x − 2y = 12 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. 5x − 5x − 2y = −5x + 12 −2y = −5x + 12 Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the −2y −5x 12 equation by −2. − 2 = − 2 + −2 Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −6. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point

y

**y = 2x − 6 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−6). (0 + 2,−6 + 5) or (2,−1).
**

5 change in y

5

x (2,−1)

(0,−6)

102

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 190. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2. A change in y of 7 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

7x − 8 = 4y + 8 − 8 7x − 8 = 4y 4y = 7x − 8

4y 4

=

7

7x 4

−

8 4

**y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2). (0 + 4,−2 + 7) or (4,5).
**

7 change in y

(4,5)

x (0,−2)

103

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 191. Exchange the terms on each side

of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −3. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

y

5y = 20x − 15 = 5 − y = 4x − 3

4 5y 5 20x 15 5

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−3). (0 + 1,−3 + 4) or (1,1).

change in y

(1,1) x

(0,−3)

104

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 192. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 13x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −13 and in x of 6 gives the point

y

18 16 14 12 10 8 6

**6y + 13x − 13x = −13x + 12 6y = −13x + 12
**

6y 6

=

−13x

y=

6 −13 6 x

−13

+

12 6

+2

change in y

m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 6,2 − 13) or (6,−11).

2 −18 −16 −14 −12 −10 −8 −6 −4 −2 −2 −4 −6 −8 −10 −12 −14 −16 −18

(0,2)

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18

x

(6,−11)

105

Team-LRN

b = −2. 10(0.4) Simplify the expression.−2 + 1) or (7.501 Algebra Questions 193. if it would be easier for you to operate with whole number coefﬁcients instead of decimals to start.−1). (0 + 7. 7y = x − 14 Divide both sides of the x 7y 14 equation by 7. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 7 = 7 − 7 Simplify the equation. Multiply both sides of the equation by 10. x − 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 Simplify the equation.−2).1x) = 10(0.7y + 1. 1 change in y 1 x (7. you could multiply the whole equation by 10.−2) 106 Team-LRN . A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y y = 7x − 2 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. x − 14 = 7y If a = b. x = 7y + 14 Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation. Once again.−1) (0. then b = a.

The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 17y = −34x + 85 = 17 + y = −2x + 5 −2 17y 17 −34x 85 17 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 1. Divide both sides of the equation by 17.3) x 107 Team-LRN . b = 5.501 Algebra Questions 194.5). Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign.5) (1. Simplify the equation.3).5 − 2) or (1. change in y (0.

A change in y of 9 and in x of −2 gives the point y y= y= 27x 42 6 − 6 −27 6 x−7 2 x−7 9 change in y m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add −27x to both sides of the equation. Let y = vertical movement. Ascending is in the positive direction. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. 6y + 27x − 27x = −27x − 42 6y = −27x − 42 6y 6 =− −9 Simplify the equation. Forward is in the positive direction.2) x (0. The change in position of the glider is described by the slope.501 Algebra Questions 195. Put the equation in the proper form. −1 25 =m 108 Team-LRN . b = − 7. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Descending is in the negative. Simplify the equation.−7) 196. The change in y is −1 for every change change in y Slope = change in x = in x of +25. (0 − 2.−7).−7 + 9) or (−2. Simplify the coefﬁcient of x by a common factor of 3. Let x = horizontal movement. −9 (−2.2).

501 Algebra Questions The starting position for the purposes of this graphic solution is at an altitude of 200 ft.25x + 15 =4 (0. or + 200. this would be The graph would have a y-intercept at (0. Let y = the cost of a scooter rental for one day. An equation that represents the statement would be: 6 The y-intercept is (0.25 or The y-intercept would be at 198.05 times the number of miles driven.25 times the number of hours of use. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the daily charges plus the 0. Let y = the amount of a monthly bill. Let y = the total cost for equipment. y = 8x + 150 Let x = the number of chickadees that visited the feeder. Written as an equation. Let x = the hours of Internet use for the month.05x + 20 5 100 = 1 20 Let x = the number of tanks used during the week. The costs for the month will equal $15 plus the $.20) and the slope would be 199.15) 25 100 1 Let x = the number of miles driven in one day. y = 6x 109 Team-LRN . this information would be as follows: A graph of this equation would have a slope of 0. y = 25 x + 200 A graph of this equation would have a slope of − 1 and the y-intercept would be at (0. you substitute the given values into the −1 formula. So. A formula that would represent this information would be: The y-intercept would be at (0. Written as an equation. b = 200 Using the standard form y = mx + b. y = 0.200) 25 197. Let y = the number of birds that visited a backyard feeder. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the weekly charge for gear rental plus 8 times the number of tanks used.150) and the 8 slope = 8 = 1 .0) and the slope = 6 = 1 . y = 0. 200.

multiply both sides by the least common multiple of the denominators and work with whole numbers. there will be twenty-ﬁve inequalities so you can practice your solving skills. The methods and procedures you use are virtually the same. When you have fractional coefﬁcients or terms in an equality or inequality.9 Solving Inequalities If you compare Chapter 9 to Chapter 6. you will ﬁnd only a few differences between solving inequalities and solving equalities. Look at the tips below to see what makes solving inequalities different from solving equalities. and the result will be your solution. If the Team-LRN . In this chapter. Your goal is to isolate the variable on one side of the inequality. Keep the symbol facing the same way when you multiply or divide by a positive factor. But remember to change the direction of the inequality when you multiply or divide by a negative factor. Tips for Solving Inequalities ■ ■ Keep the inequality symbol facing the same way when you perform an addition or subtraction to both sides of the inequality.

2x + 0. 2 5x ≤ 18 204. −6(x + 1) ≥ 60 209. 3(x − 16) − 2 < 9(x − 2) − 7x 111 Team-LRN . −7(x 5 4 (x + 4) > 2 (x + 8) − 8 + (x − 4)] ≥ 2(13 − x) 222. 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x + 10) 216. −x 0. x − 218. 4x − 6 > 30 203. 201.79 208. 3(4 − 5x) < x − 116 210. 214.9 + x + 2) < −5x 1 219.1 ≥ 0.501 Algebra Questions coefﬁcients and/or terms are decimals.2 4 3x ≤ 20 −5>x−2 + 3(x + 5) ≥ 3(x + 2) 3 4 215. 3x − 10 ≤ -3 207. 2(7x − 3) ≥ −2(5 + 3x) 212. x − 4 3 < 9 + 3 x 220. −5[9 224. multiply by multiples of ten until you have whole numbers to work with. Solve the following inequalities. 11(1 − x) ≥ 3(3 − x) − 1 225. 8 − 6x < 50 206. 3 2x < – 4 (x + 2) 1 2 3 + 0. 16x − 1 < 4(6 − x) 213. 3(1 − 3x) ≥ −3 (x + 27) 223. 4(x + 1) < 5(x + 2) 211. 221. −4x 217. 3x + 2 < 14 202.29 > 0. 4x + 26 ≥ 90 205.

Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Underlined inequalities show the simpliﬁed result. 5 4x − 6 + 6 > 30 + 6 4x > 36 > 4 x>9 4x 4 36 Simplify. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. or [ ]. 201. { }. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. (1)x ≤ 45 x ≤ 45 204. Simplify the inequality. 4x + 26 − 26 ≥ 90 − 26 4x ≥ 64 ≥ 4 x ≥ 16 4x 4 64 Simplify the inequality. Simplify the inequality. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. 202. Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 205. 5 2 5 2 ( 5 )x ≤ 2 (18) 10 5 18 ( 10 )x ≤ 2 ( 1 ) Simplify. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 8 − 8 − 6x < 50 − 8 −6x < 42 > −6 x > −7 −6 −6x 42 112 Team-LRN . Simplify. 203. 3x + 2 − 2 < 14 − 2 3x < 12 < 3 x<4 3x 3 12 Simplify the inequality. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Divide both sides of the inequality by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify. Regardless of what symbol is used. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2 . Simplify. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. ( ).

Simplify. Simplify the expressions.29 2x > 0. ≤ −6 x + 1 ≤ −10 −6 −6(x + 1) 60 x + 1 − 1 ≤ −10 − 1 x ≤ −11 3(4) − 3(5x) < x − 116 12 − 15x < x − 116 12 − 15x + 15x < x + 15x − 116 12 < 16x − 116 12 + 116 < 16x − 116 + 116 128 < 16x < 8<x 128 16 16x 16 209. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Divide both sides of the inequality 2x + 0. Simplify. Add 15x to both sides of the inequality.50 by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign.29 from both sides of the 1 inequality. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add 116 to both sides of the inequality. 208. 113 Team-LRN . Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 16. Simplify the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Add 10 to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 1 from both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication.79 − 0. Subtract 0. Simplify. ≤ 7 3 7 3 x≤ x ≤ 23 207. Simplify.50 > 2 x > 0. 3x − 10 + 10 ≤ − 3 + 10 3x ≤ 7 3x 3 Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.29 > 0.25 2x 2 0. Simplify the inequality.29 − 0.501 Algebra Questions 206.

Simplify the expressions. Subtract 5x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Multiply both sides of the < 25 20 1 x < 14 0. Simplify. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of 4(x) + 4(1) < 5(x) + 5(2) 4x + 4 < 5x + 10 4x + 4 − 4 < 5x + 10 − 4 4x < 5x + 6 −x 4x − 5x < 5x − 5x + 6 <6 > −1(6) x > −6 −1(−x) multiplication. Combine like terms.2. Simplify. 211. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.2(20) −x −x inequality by 0.501 Algebra Questions 210. Simplify. 213. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20.2( 0. Use the distributive property of 2(7x) − 2(3) ≥ −2(5) − 2(3x) 14x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x 14x + 6x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x + 6x 20x − 6 ≥ − 10 20x − 6 + 6 ≥ −10 + 6 20x ≥ −4 20x 20 ≥ − 20 4 4 x ≥ − 20 −1 x≥ 5 16x − 1 < 4(6) − 4(x) 16x − 1 < 24 − 4x 16x − 1 + 1 < 1 + 24 − 4x 16x < 25 − 4x 16x + 4x < 25 − 4x + 4x 20x < 25 20x 20 multiplication. Add 4x to both sides of the inequality. 114 ≤4 Team-LRN . Add 6x to both sides of the inequality. Add 1 to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Reduce the fraction to lowest terms. Simplify.2 ) ≤ 0. 212. Simplify the inequality. Simplify the expressions on both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20. Simplify and express the fraction in simplest terms. Subtract 4 from both sides of the inequality. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign.

501 Algebra Questions Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. Divide both sides of the inequality by 5. Simplify. Combine like terms. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Add x to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. x≥ 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 1 3x −1(−x) −4 ≥ −1(4) −5+5>x−2+5 >x+3 −x>x−x+3 − 3x > x − x + 3 >3 3 Simplify. + 3(x) + 3(5) ≥ 3(x) + 3(2) + 3x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 (−4x + 3x) + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 -x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 x − x + 15 ≥ x + 3x + 6 15 ≥ 4x + 6 15 − 6 ≥ 4x + 6 − 6 9 ≥ 4x 9 4 9 4 ≥ 4x 4 ≥x ≥x 1 24 115 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x) − 2(10) 3x + 5 ≥ −2x − 20 3x + 5 − 5 ≥ −2x − 20 −5 3x ≥ −2x − 25 3x + 2x ≥ 2x − 2x − 25 5x ≥ −25 −25 5x 5 ≥ 5 x≥−5 −4x −4x multiplication. Combine like terms. Express the fraction in its simplest form. 214. Simplify the expressions. Subtract 1x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Add 2x to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of 3( 3 x) > 3(3) x>9 3 1 1 ( 3 x) 1 > 3 (3) multiplication. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Add 5 to both sides of the inequality. 216. 215.

Simplify. Subtract 0. 3(x − < 3(9 + 3 x) 2 2 3(x) − 3( 3 ) < 3(9) + 3( 3 x) 3x − 13 < 27 + 2x 3x − 13 + 13 < 13 + 27 + 2x 3x < 40 + 2x 3x − 2x < 40 + 2x − 2x x < 40 13 116 Team-LRN . Add 3 to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication. but it can be easier to operate with whole numbers until the last step. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. Add 13 to both sides of the inequality.8 + 1 2 x ≥ 0.6 x− 13 3 < 9 + 3x 13 3) 2 Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms and simplify.501 Algebra Questions 217.1 from both sides of the 4(x − 4 ) < 4( 4 (x + 2)) 4(x) − 4( 4 ) < 4( 4 )(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x) −3(2) 4x − 3 < −3x − 6 4x − 3 + 3 < −3x − 6 + 3 4x < − 3x − 3 3x + 4x < 3x − 3x − 3 7x < −3 7x 7 3 −3 3 −3 < −3 7 x< 3 2x 3 2x −3 7 inequality. you have a fraction for an answer. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4.1 − 0.1 ≥ 0.8) x ≥ 1. Change the term to an improper fraction. Use the distributive property of multiplication.9 − 0. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify the expressions. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Sure. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. + 0. 219. Simplify. Combine like terms. Add 3x to both sides of the equation.8 1 2( 2 x) ≥ 2(0. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.8 + x x−x 3 2 x − x ≥ 0. 218. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality.1 + x ≥ 0. Simplify the terms. You can simplify equations (and inequalities) with fractions by multiplying them by a common multiple of the denominators. Divide both sides of the inequality by 7. Combine like terms.

Simplify the expressions. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Divide both sides of the inequality by 6. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Combine like terms. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Add 9x to both sides. Add 81 to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Simplify the terms. 221. Simplify the terms. 222. Simplify. Simplify by combining like terms. Simplify the expressions.501 Algebra Questions 220. 117 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of −7(x) −7x − 7(2)<−5x − 14 < −5x −7x − 14 + 14 < −5x + 14 −7x < −5x + 14 −7x + 5x < 5x −5x + 14 −2x < 14 −2x −2 > −2 x > −7 14 multiplication. Use the distributive property of 5 5 1 1 4 (x) + 4 (4) > 2 (x) + 2 (8) 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x + 4 − 8 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x − 4 5 4x 3 4x 3 4x 3 4x 1 1 1 −8 − 2x + 5 > 2x − 2x − 4 + 5 > −4 +5−5>4−5 > −9 4 > 3 (−9) x > −12 3(1) − 3(3x) ≥ −3(x) − 3(27) 3 − 9x ≥ −3x − 81 3 − 9x + 9x ≥ 9x − 3x − 81 3 ≥ 6x − 81 3 + 81 ≥ 6x − 81 + 81 84 ≥ 6x ≥ 6 14 ≥ x 84 6 6x 4 3 3 ( 4 x) multiplication. Simplify terms. Simplify the terms. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. 4 Multiply both sides by 3 3 (the reciprocal of 4 ). Combine like terms. 1 Subtract 2 x from both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Add 14 to both sides of the inequality.

224. Use the distributive property of 11(1) − 11(x) ≥ 3(3) − 3(x) − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 3x − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 1 − 3x 11 − 11x ≥ 8 − 3x 11 − 8 − 11x ≥ 8 − 8 − 3x 3 − 11x ≥ − 3x 3 − 11x + 11x ≥ − 3x + 11x 3 ≥ 8x 3 8 3 8 ≥ 8x 8 ≥x multiplication. use the commutative property of addition and combine like terms. Divide both sides by 8. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of −5[x] −5[5] − 26 ≥ 26 − 26 + 3x ≥ 3x 3x ≥ 3 −17 ≥ x 3 multiplication. Remove the inner brackets. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. Add 50 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property to associate like terms. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property. 225. Simplify. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Add 11x to both sides. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. 3(x) − 3(16) − 2 < 9(x) − 9(2) − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 18 − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 7x − 18 3x − 50 < 2x − 18 3x − 50 + 50 < 2x − 18 + 50 3x < 2x + 32 3x − 2x < 2x − 2x + 32 x < 32 118 Team-LRN . −5[9 −5[x + x − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) + 9 − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) −5[x + 5] ≥ 2(13 − x) ≥ 2(13) − 2(x) − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x 5x − 5x − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x + 5x −25 ≥ 26 + 3x −5x −25 −51 −51 Use the distributive property of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions 223.

you will practice graphing inequalities that have one or two variables. use an open circle to show the endpoint. To complete the graph. you use a number line. use a coordinate plane to graph the solution. Shade the region below the boundary line when the inequality symbol is < or ≤. Team-LRN . you use a coordinate plane.Graphing Inequalities In this chapter. shade the region above the boundary line when the inequality symbol is > or ≥. When the inequality symbol is < or >. Use the slope and the y-intercept of the transformed inequality to show the boundary line for your solution graph. A solid circle shows that the solution graph includes the endpoint. When there is only one variable. Draw a dotted line when the inequality symbol is < or >. an open circle shows that the solution graph does not include the endpoint. use a solid circle on the number line as the endpoint when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. Draw a solid line when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. When there are two variables. Use the skills you have been practicing in the previous chapters to transform the inequality into the slope/y-intercept form you used to graph equalities with two variables. 10 Tips for Graphing Inequalities When using a number line to show the solution graph for an inequality. When there are two variables.

if it is not your y-intercept. 3 4y + 6 ≥ 3x 239. Graph the following inequalities on a number line. 9y + 7 ≥ 2(x + 8) 248. 226.5x > 0. x > 5 230.) 231. x ≤ 6 229. y > x + 1 232. (Use graph paper. 2y − 3x < 8 236.9 244. x 3 + y ≤ 3x − 5 ≥ 2x − 14( y + 10) 120 249. x ≥ 4 227. 242. x < −1 228. y 3 2 3 < −x −3y + 9x ≤ − 6 243. 0. x − y ≤ 7 241. 2( y + 3) − x ≥ 6(1 − x) 250. An easy point to use. −28y Team-LRN . 1 2x +y≤3 235. −12 ≤ − 3(x + y) 247.501 Algebra Questions A simple way to check your graphic solution is to pick a point on either side of the boundary line and substitute the x and y values in your inequality. 3y + 4x < 9 − x 246. 0. then you have shaded the correct side of the boundary line. 3x − y ≤ 7x + y − 8 245. y + 2 ≤ 3x + 5 237. y > 4x − 5 234. 3x − 4 > 2y 238. 0). If the result is a true statement. y ≥ -x + 2 233.3 y − 0.5y − x + 3 > 0 240. is the origin (0. x >−1 Graph the following inequalities on a coordinate plane.

−10 −5 0 5 10 230. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. −10 −5 0 5 10 227. The answers to these questions are the graphs. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. { }. −10 −5 0 5 10 229. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. −10 −5 0 5 10 121 Team-LRN . −10 −5 0 5 10 228. or [ ].501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. ( ). 226. Regardless of what symbol is used.

501 Algebra Questions 231. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 1. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,1). (0 + 1,1 + 1) or (1,2).

1

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(1,2) (0,1) x

122

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 232. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 1,2 − 1) or (1,1).

−1

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(0,2) (1,1) x

123

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 233. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = −5. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−5). (0 + 1,−5 + 4) or (1,−1).

4

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

x (1,−1)

(0,−5)

124

Team-LRN

**501 Algebra Questions 234. Subtract 2 x from both sides
**

1

of the inequality.

1 2x

− 2x + y ≤ − 2x + 3

1

−1

1

1

Combine like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 3. A change in y of −1 and in x of 2 gives the point

**y ≤ − 2x + 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,3). (0 + 2,3 − 1) or (2,2).
**

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(0,3) (2,2) x

125

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 235. Add 3x to both sides

of the inequality. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point

2y − 3x + 3x < 3x + 8 2y < 3x + 8

2y 2

<

3

3x 2

+

8 2

**y < 2x + 4 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4). (0 + 2,4 + 3) or (2,7).
**

3 change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(2,7)

(0,4)

x

126

Team-LRN

y (1.6) (0. Combine like terms. (0 + 1.6). Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3 + 3) or (1. b = 3.3) x 127 Team-LRN .3).501 Algebra Questions 236. Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point y + 2 − 2 ≤ 3x + 5 − 2 y ≤ 3x + 3 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

b = −2. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point < 3x − 2 32 y < 2x − 2 m= 3 2 2y 2 4 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2) 128 Team-LRN . then d < c. (0 + 2. 2y < 3x − 4 Divide both sides of the inequality by 2.−2 + 3) or (2. If c > d.1) x (0. then d = c. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.1).501 Algebra Questions 237. y (2. Rewrite the inequality with sides exchanged and the symbol reversed. if c = d.−2). In an equation. But for an inequality. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. Simplify terms. the direction of the inequality symbol must change when you change sides of the statement.

Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.−8 + 4) or (1. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point 3 4y 3 4y + 6 − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3 (3x − 6) ≥ 3 (3x) − 3 (6) change in y change in x 4 4 4 4 3 3 ( 4 y) 4 3 3 ( 4 y) y ≥ 4x − 8 m= 4 1 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = −8.501 Algebra Questions 238. (0 + 1. y x (1.−8) 129 Team-LRN . Multiply both sides of the 4 inequality by the reciprocal 3 . Combine like terms. Simplify terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−4) (0. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication.−4).−8).

−6) 130 Team-LRN . Simplify the expressions.−4) (0. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point 0. (0 + 1.−4). Divide both sides of the inequality by 0. Subtract 3 from both sides of the inequality.−6). b = −6. Simplify terms.5 x 0.5y + x − x > x − 3 0. Add 1x to both sides of the inequality.5y − x + 3 − 3 > 0 − 3 0.5y > x − 3 0.5y − x > − 3 0.5.−6 + 2) or (1.5 − 3 0. Combine like terms.5y 0.5 > x 0. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.501 Algebra Questions 239. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.5 y> − y > 2x − 6 m=2= 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y x (1.5 3 0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 240.−6).−7 + 1) or (1.−6) (0. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point x−y−x≤7−x x−x−y≤7−x -y ≤ 7 − x (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7 − x) (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7) − (−1)(x) y ≥ −7 + x y≥x−7 m=1= 1 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−7) 131 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property of addition to associate like terms. Use the commutative property of addition.−7). Simplify the expression. (0 + 1. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. b = −7. Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. y x (1. Use the distributive property of multiplication. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

−1) 132 Team-LRN . (0 + 1. Use the distributive property of multiplication. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 − x) 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 ) − 3(x) y < 2 − 3x y < −3x + 2 m = −3 = −3 y y 2 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2) x (1. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3.2).501 Algebra Questions 241. b = 2.−1). y (0. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property of addition. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.2 − 3) or (1.

2) x 133 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the inequality by −3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. y (1. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point −3y −3y + 9x − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≥ −6 −3 −3y −3 y≥ −6 −3 − − 9x −3 9x ( −3 ) y ≥ 3x + 2 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5).2). b = 2. Combine like terms. y ≥ 2 −(−3x) y ≥ 2 + 3x Use the commutative property of addition.501 Algebra Questions 242. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.2 + 3) or (1. Subtract 9x from both sides of the inequality.5) (0. (0 + 1. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the terms.

The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5x − 0.8).5x − 0.3y > 0.9 y < 3 x − (−3) y < 3x + 3 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 0. (0 + 3.3y > −0.5x −0.9 0.9 0. Subtract 0.5x − 0.5x − 0.3 + 5) or (3.5x − 0. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by −0.9 −0.3 < −0.3y − 0. Simplify the terms.3 < ( −0.3) x 134 Team-LRN .3y from both sides of the inequality.5x − −0.8) (0.3).3y −0. 5 change in y 5 5 Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.3y > −0.3y > −0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point 0. Combine like terms.3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.3y −0.9 −0.5x from both sides of the inequality.3 ) 0.3 ) − ( −0.5x − 0. Subtracting a negative number is the same as adding a positive. b = 3. y (3.501 Algebra Questions 243.3 0.9 − 0. Simplify the expression.3y − 0.

(0 + 1.2) x 135 Team-LRN . The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Combine like terms. Subtract 3x from both sides of the inequality.4 − 2) or (1. Subtract y from both sides of the inequality. y (0.501 Algebra Questions 244.2). Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point 3x − 3x − y ≤ 7x − 3x + y − 8 −y ≤ 4x + y − 8 −y −2y − y ≤ 4x + y − y − 8 ≤ 4x − 8 ≥ 4x − 8 −2 8 4x − 2 − ( −2 ) −2y −2 y≥ y ≥ − 2x − (−4) y ≥ −2x + 4 m = −2 = −2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 4. Combine like terms.4) (1. Simplify terms. Simplify.4). Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.

3) x (3. y (0. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3.3 − 5) or (3.−2) 136 Team-LRN . The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Combine like terms. A change in y of −5 and in x of 3 gives the point 3y + 4x − 4x < 9 − x − 4x 3y < 9 − 5x 3y 3 < y< y< y< 5x 9 3 − 3 9 5x (3) − ( 3 ) 5 3 − 3x −5x + 3 3 −5 m= 3 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 3. Use the commutative property. Subtract 4x from both sides of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions 245. (0 + 3.3).−2). Simplify the terms. Simplify the expressions.

−1 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. y (0. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point −12 ≤ −3x − 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x −3y + 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x 3y − 12 + 12 ≤ −3x + 12 3y ≤ −3x + 12 ≤ 3x + 3 y ≤ -x + 4 3y 3 − 12 3 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4). (0 + 1.3).4 − 1) or (1. b = 4. Simplify the expressions. Add 12 to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions 246. Combine like terms. Add 3y to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication.3) x 137 Team-LRN .4) (1.

y (9.1) x 138 Team-LRN . 2 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Subtract 7 from both sides of the inequality.3).501 Algebra Questions 247. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.1 + 2) or (9. Use the distributive property of multiplication. A change in y of 2 and in x of 9 gives the point 9y + 7 ≥ 2x + 16 9y + 7 − 7 ≥ 2x + 16 − 7 9y ≥ 2x + 9 9y 9 ≥ 2 2x 9 + 9 9 y ≥ 9x + 1 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides of the inequality by 9. Combine like terms. Simplify the expressions. b = 1. (0 + 9.3) (0.1).

Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify terms.−5) 139 Team-LRN . y (3. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3) x (0.−5). Simplify the expressions. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions 248. b = −5.3). Combine like terms. (0 + 3.−5 + 8) or (3. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 8 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. A change in y of 8 and in x of 3 gives the point 3( 3 + y) ≤ 3(3x − 5) 3( 3 ) + 3( y) ≤ 3(3x) − 3(5) x + 3y ≤ 9x − 15 x − x + 3y ≤ 9x − x − 15 3y ≤ 8x − 15 3y 3 x x ≤ 8 8x 3 − 15 3 y ≤ 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms.−5). Combine like terms. −5 Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. y (0.0 − 5) or (2. A change in y of −5 and in x of 2 gives the point 2( y) + 2(3) − x ≥ 6(1) − 6(x) 2y + 6 − x ≥ 6 − 6x 2y + 6 − x + x ≥ 6 − 6x + x 2y + 6 ≥ 6 − 5x 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 5x − 6 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 6 − 5x 2y ≥ − 5x 2y 2 ≥ −5x y≥ −5 2 2 x change in y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 249. (0 + 2. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2.0).0) x (2. Use the commutative property with like terms. Simplify terms.−5) 140 Team-LRN . The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Combine like terms. b = 0. Add x to both sides of the inequality.

Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.10). b = 10.9).501 Algebra Questions 250.9) x 141 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the inequality by −14 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. y (0. A change in y of −1 and in x of 7 gives the point −28y −28y −28y −14y ≥ 2x − 14( y) − 14(10) ≥ 2x − 14y − 140 + 14y ≥ 2x − 14y + 14y − 140 ≥ 2x −140 2x −14y −14 ≤ −1 −14 − 140 −14 y≤ 7 x + 10 change in y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. (0 + 7. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the terms. −1 Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.10 − 1) or (7. Add 14y to both sides of the inequality.10) (7.

Team-LRN . Pairs of inequalities can also have a common solution. the lines are parallel and will not intersect. The graphic solution will either be the common areas of the graphs of the inequalities or there will be no solution if the areas do not overlap. You will ﬁnd complete explanations and graphs in the answer explanations. In this case. Graphing systems of linear equations on the same coordinate plane will give you a solution that is common to both equations.Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities This chapter will present ﬁfteen systems of equalities and ten systems of inequalities as practice in ﬁnding solutions graphically. There will be no solution if the line graphs have the same slope but different y-intercepts. The solution will be all the points on the line graph because the equations coincide. There are three possibilities for a pair of equations: ■ 11 ■ ■ The solution will be one coordinate pair at the point of intersection.

Find the solutions for the following systems of equations by graphing on graph paper. 3y = 6x + 6 5y = 10(x − 5) 262. y = x + 9 4y = 16 − x 5y = 20 − x 3(2y + 5x) = −6 258. For inequalities. y − x = 5 − x −4y = 8 − 7x 255. 2y − x = 2 3x + y = 8 253. 4y = −7(x + 4) 4y = x + 4 254. graph the lines and look for the point or points of intersection. 6y = 9(x − 6) 260. 15y = 6(3x + 15) y = 6(1 − x) 261. 3(2x + 3y) = 63 27y = 9(x − 6) 143 Team-LRN . For equations. y = x + 2 y = -x + 4 252.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Transform each equation or inequality into the slope/y-intercept form. 2x + y = 4 3( y + 9) = 7x 257. 251. 2y = 6x + 14 4y = x − 16 256. graph the boundaries as the appropriate dotted or solid line and shade the area for each inequality depending upon the inequality symbol present. That is the solution. change the direction of the inequality symbol for each operation. When multiplying or dividing by a negative term. The intersection of the shaded areas will be the solution for the system. 4x − 5y = 5 259.

501 Algebra Questions 263. 6y < 5x − 30 5 2y < −x + 4 268. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 4x + y < 4x + 5 271. 16y = 10(x − 8) 6 8y − 17x = 56 Find the solution for each of the following systems of inequalities by graphing and shading. y − x ≥ 6 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 269. y > 4 (4 − x) 7 < 4 (2x − 3y) 3( y + 5) > 7x 2x + y ≤ −3 275. 3x + 4y = 12 y = 3 − 8x 265. 2y − 3x ≥ −6 y ≥ 5 − 2x 267. 5y ≤ 8(x + 5) 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 270. 266. 9( y − 4) < 4x −9y −3 < 2(x + 9) 1 273. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3y ≤ 2(6 − x) 272. 7( y − 5) < −5x 274. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 144 Team-LRN . x − 20 = 5y 10y = 8x + 20 264.

( ). or [ ]. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. { }. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 145 Team-LRN . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The graph is shown. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Regardless of what symbol is used. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Underlined ordered pair is the solution.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.

2) x 146 Team-LRN . b = 2.3) (0. −1 change in y (0. The solution is (1. 1 change in y y = −x + 4 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y y=x+2 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 4. ************ The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3).501 Algebra Questions 251.4) (1. The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 1 for (1.3). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3).4).2). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1.

Simplify. Combine like terms.5). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.1).5) (0.501 Algebra Questions 252.2). The solution is (2. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 2 for (2. b = 1.2) x 147 Team-LRN .8) 2y − x = 2 2y − x + x = x + 2 2y = x + 2 y = 2x + 1 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.8). y (0. ************ Subtract 3x from both sides. 1 change in y 1 3x + y = 8 3x − 3x + y = −3x + 8 y = −3x + 8 m = −3 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. −3 change in y (1.1) (2. The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 1 for (1. Add x to both sides. Divide both sides by 2. b = 8.

0).−14). b = 1. The solution is (−4.−7). ************ Divide both sides by 4.2). −7 4y = x + 4 1 y = 4x + 1 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2) x (0.1) (−4.1). b = −7.−14) 148 Team-LRN . The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4. y 4y = −7(x + 4) 4 y = −7x − 28 y= −7 4 x−7 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.0) (4.501 Algebra Questions 253. Use the distributive property of multiplication.−7) (4. 1 change in y (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 4. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.

Add x to both sides. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Combine like terms on each side. y −4. 7 change in y (0.5).−2).501 Algebra Questions 254.5).5). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2) 149 Team-LRN . ************ Divide both sides by Simplify terms. The solution is (4.5) x (0.5) (4. Use the commutative property. The graph is a line parallel to the x-axis through (0. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. y−x=5−x y−x+x=5−x+x y=5 −4y −4y −4 = 8 − 7x 8 7x = −4 − − 4 7 7 y = −2 + 4 x y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

−5). b=7 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 2 for (−2. 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4. Divide both sides by 2.−3) (0. 2y = 6x + 14 y = 2x + 7 6 m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.7) (−2.−3). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−5) 150 Team-LRN . ************ Divide both sides by 4. 6 −6 change in y 4y = x − 16 1 y = 4x − 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 255.1) x (4. b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4.7). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.1).−4).−4) (−4. y (0.

b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3. 3y + 27 = 7x 3y + 27 − 27 = 7x − 27 3y = 7x − 27 y = 3x − 9 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ 2x + y = 4 2x − 2x + y = 4 − 2x y = 4 − 2x y = −2x + 4 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 7 change in y 7 The solution for the system of equations is (3.−2). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−9) 151 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 3. Subtract 27 from both sides. −2 change in y 3( y + 9) = 7x Distributive property of multiplication. y (0.501 Algebra Questions 256.−2) (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Use the commutative property. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1.4).−2).−9). Combine like terms on each side.4) (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 2x from both sides.2) x (3.2). Simplify.

4) (4.3) x 152 Team-LRN . b=9 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 1 change in y 4y = 16 − x 4y = −x + 16 y = −4x + 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5).3). y=x+9 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.9) (−4. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.9).4).10) (0. y (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 4. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 4 for (4. −1 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4.501 Algebra Questions 257.5) (0.10). ************ Use the commutative property.

501 Algebra Questions 258. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 4x from both sides. Simplify. Use the commutative property. Divide both sides by −5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5,3). ************ Divide both sides by 5. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 5 for (5,3).

**4x − 5y = 5 4x − 4x − 5y = 5 − 4x −5y = 5 − 4x −5y = −4x + 5 y = 5x − 1 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).
**

4 change in y 4

5y = 20 − x 1 y = 4 − 5x y=

−1

5

x+4

change in y

m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4).

−1

**The solution for the system of equations is (5,3).
**

y

(0,4) (5,3) x (0,−1)

153

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 259. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 9 spaces and right 6 for (6, 0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 15x from both sides. Simplify. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2,−6).

**6y = 9(x − 6) 6y = 9x − 54 y = 6x − 9 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−9).
**

9 change in y 9

**3(2y + 5x) = − 6 6y + 15x = −6 6y + 15x − 15x = −15x − 6 6y = −15x − 6 y=
**

−15

6

x−1

−5

m = 6 = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).

−15

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (2,−6).
**

y

x (0,−1) (6,0)

(2,−6) (0,−9)

154

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 260. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 15. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 5 for (−5,0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 1 for (1,0).

**15y = 6(3x + 15) 15y = 18x + 90 y=
**

18 15 x 18

+6

6

−6

m = 15 = 5 = −5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).

change in y

**y = 6(1 − x) y = 6 − 6x y = −6x + 6 m = −6 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).
**

−6

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (0,6).
**

y

(0,6)

(−5,0)

(1,0)

x

155

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 261. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,4). ************ Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,−8).

**3y = 6x + 6 y = 2x + 2 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2).
**

2 change in y

**5y = 10(x − 5) 5y = 10x − 50 y = 2x − 10 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−10).
**

2 change in y

**The slopes are the same, so the line graphs are parallel and do not intersect.
**

y

(1,4) (0,2) x

(1,−8) (0,−10)

156

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 262. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 6x from both sides. Simplify. Commutative property. Divide both sides by 9. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3,5). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 27. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 3 for (3,−1).

3(2x + 3y) = 63 6x + 9y = 63 6x − 6x + 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = −6x + 63 y=

−6

9

x+7

−2

m = 9 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,7).

−6

change in y

27y = 9(x − 6) 27y = 9x − 54 y=

9 27 x 9

−2

1 change in y

m = 27 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2).

**The solution for the system of equations is (9,1).
**

y

(0,7) (3,5)

(9,1) x (3,−1) (0,−2)

157

Team-LRN

−6) 158 Team-LRN . If a = b.−3) (0.6) (0. then b = a. ************ Divide both sides by 10. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2) x (5. y (5.−4). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2).−4) (−10.501 Algebra Questions 263. 1 change in y 1 10y = 8x + 20 8 y = 10 x + 2 m = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. x − 20 = 5y 5y = x − 20 y = 5x − 4 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 5 for (5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−3). 8 4 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−10.−6). Divide both sides by 5.6). b=2 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5.

The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. −6 6 change in y The solution for the system of equations is the entire line because the graphs coincide. −3 y = 3 − 8x −6 y= 8x+3 m = 8 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 3x from both sides. b = +3 The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 4 for (4. ************ Use the commutative property.3) (4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 4.0) x (8.−3). b=3 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 8 for (8.501 Algebra Questions 264. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 3x + 4y = 12 3x − 3x + 4y = −3x + 12 4y = −3x + 12 y= −3 4 x+3 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify.3).3). y (0.0).−3) 159 Team-LRN .

{Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.−10) 160 Team-LRN .−10). Divide both sides by 16.501 Algebra Questions 265. 8y − 17x = 56 8y − 17x + 17 x = 17x + 56 8y = 17x + 56 y= 17 8 x+7 = −17 −8 m= 17 8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.} b = −5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and left 8 for (−8.7). The solution for the system of equations is (−8.−5). Simplify. ************ Subtract 17x from both sides.7) (8. 16y = 10(x − 8) 16y = 10x − 80 y= 10 16 x 10 16 −5 = 5 8 m= = −5 −8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−10).−5) (−8. Divide both sides by 8.0) x (0.−10). y (0. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.} b=7 The slope tells you to go down 17 spaces and left 8 for (−8.

5) The solution for the system of inequalities is where the shaded areas overlap. ************ Use the commutative property.−3) x 161 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 266. −3 2y − 3x ≥ − 6 2y − 3x + 3x ≥ +3x − 6 2y ≥ 3x − 6 3 y ≥ 2x − 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b= The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 2 for (2.0) (0.0). {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥.0).5) (2. Simplify. 3 change in y y ≥ 5 − 2x y ≥ −5x + 5 2 m= −5 5 2 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Transform the inequalities into slope/y-intercept form. Add 3x to both sides.−3). Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. Divide both sides by 2.} b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2. y (0.

2). −1 change in y b=2 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 2 for (2.2) (2.1) (6.0) x (0.1). y (0.−5) 162 Team-LRN . The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. ************ Divide both sides by 2. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Divide both sides by 6. 6y < 5x − 30 y < 6x − 5 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−5). 5 change in y 5 b = −5 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 6 for (6.0). 2y <− −x + 4 1 y< 2x+2 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 267.

Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. Add x to both sides. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. y (−1.−4).−2) (11. −2 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 11y ≥ −2x − 22 y≥ b= The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 11 for (11.6). −1 change in y b=6 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and left 1 for (−1.501 Algebra Questions 268. m The y-intercept is at the point (0.6) x (0. Divide both sides by 11. Simplify.−4) 163 Team-LRN .5). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. y−x≥6 y−x+x≥x+6 y≥x+6 m = 1 = −1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify.−2) −2 11 x − 2 −2 change in y = 11 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.5) (0.

} b=8 The y-intercept is at the point (0.0) (5.12) y (0. Divide both sides by 5.501 Algebra Questions 269. The slope tells you to go down 8 spaces and left 5 for (−5. Divide both sides by 5. Use the commutative property of addition. 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 5y ≤ 60 − 12x 5y ≤ −12x + 60 y≤ −12 change in y change in x b = 12 The slope tells you to go down 12 spaces and right 5 for (5. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication.0).8) (−5. m= The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. (0. 5 x + 12 −12 change in y 5 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.0).8).0) x 164 Team-LRN . Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.12). Use a solid line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is ≤. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤. 3x + 4y = 12 5y ≤ 8x + 40 y ≤ 5x + 8 m= 8 5 8 = −8 −5 = {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.

The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. Simplify the inequality. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Divide both sides by 10. ************ 4x + y < 4x + 5 Subtract 4x from both sides.6).3). The y-intercept is (0.5).5) (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 2x from both sides. 3 10 x + 3 3 change in y = 10 = change in x b=3 The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 10 for (10. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >. y < 0x + 5 With a slope of zero. the line is parallel to the x-axis.6) (0. y (10. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 2x + 10y > 5x + 30 2x − 2x + 10y > 5 x − 2x + 30 10y > 3x + 30 y> m The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 270. 4x − 4x + y < 4x − 4x + 5 Simplify.3) x 165 Team-LRN .

−2) (3.−4) 166 Team-LRN .4) The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. Divide both sides by 3. −2 3y ≤ 12 − 2x 3y ≤ −2x + 12 y≤ m= −2 3 x+4 = change in y change in x −2 {Slopes that are the same will result in parallel lines.−2).2) x (0. Divide both sides by 3. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.} b=4 The y-intercept is at the point (0. m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y 3 (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3 y ≥ −2x − 6 y≥ −2 3 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. Use the commutative property.−4). Use the distributive property of multiplication.2).501 Algebra Questions 271.4) (3. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication.

4 change in y 4 b=4 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 9 for (9.501 Algebra Questions 272. Divide both sides by 9. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 9( y − 4) < 4x 9y − 36 < 4x 9y − 36 + 36 < 4x + 36 y < 9x + 4 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by −9. −2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. y (9. m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.8) (0.8).−2) (9.−4) 167 Team-LRN . Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.4) x (0. Add 36 to both sides.4). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative. −9y −9y < 2(x + 9) < 2x + 18 −2 y> 9 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 9 for (9.−4). Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >.−2). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication.

Simplify. Add 35 to both sides. Divide both sides by 7. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 7( y − 5) < −5x 7y − 35 < −5x 7y − 35 + 35 < −5x + 35 7y < −5x + 35 y< −5 7 x+5 change in y b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 7 for (7.6).0). 2 change in y 2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph (next page). Simplify the inequality. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the inequality. Add 12 to both sides. ************ Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4. 168 Team-LRN . −3 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5).4).501 Algebra Questions 273. Divide both sides by 3. b=4 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is <. −5 < 4 (2x − 3y) 1 1 4(−3) < 4( 4 )(2x − 3y) −12 < 1(2x − 3y) −12 < 2x −3y −12 + 3y < 2x − 3y + 3y −12 + 3y < 2x −12 + 12 + 3y < 2x + 12 3y < 2x + 12 y < 3x + 4 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add 3y to both sides. Simplify the inequality. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.

Simplify the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication. ************ 3( y + 5) > 7x Use the distributive property of multiplication.5) (0. Divide both sides by 3.0) x Graph for Question 273. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−5) 7 change in y 7 169 Team-LRN . 274.4) (7. b = −5 3y + 15 > 7x 3y + 15 − 15 > 7x − 15 3y > 7x − 15 y > 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y > 4 (4 − x) y > 7 − 4x −7 y> 4x+7 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. −7 7 7 change in y b=7 The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4.7).501 Algebra Questions y (3. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >.6) (0.0). Subtract 15 from both sides. Use the commutative property.

2) (4.0) x (0. Add 20 to both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 2 for (2. Simplify the inequality.−5) Graph for Question 274. Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.2). Divide both sides by −2.−10).501 Algebra Questions The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >.7) (3. 275. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ 0 5x − 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ −5x −2y − 20 + 20 ≤ −5x + 20 −2y ≤ −5x + 20 y ≥ 2 x − 10 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y (0. Subtract 5x from both sides. 5 change in y 5 170 Team-LRN . Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−5).

−3).−5) (0. 171 Team-LRN .−10) Graph for Question 275.501 Algebra Questions Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥.−5). Simplify the inequality.−3) (1. ************ Subtract 2x from both sides. −2 change in y b = −3 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.−5) (2. 2x + y ≤ −3 2x − 2x + y ≤ −2x − 3 y ≤ −2x − 3 m = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y x (0. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.

lend themselves to one method over the other. Then you solve the remaining equation for the remaining variable. combining like terms. and solving equations. But you may ﬁnd that you will begin to see which equations. In the substitution method.12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically There is a faster way to solve systems of equations than graphing and ﬁnding the solution point. You can solve systems of equations using algebraic methods. you will transform one of the equations so that one variable is expressed in terms of the other. Then you will eliminate the variable by substituting into the other equation and solve. In the elimination method. Team-LRN . use it in one of the two equations to determine the value of the remaining variable. The two methods you will practice here are called the elimination method and the substitution method. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for the remaining variable. One method is not better than the other. You will be using the skills you have practiced in the chapters on working with algebraic expressions. because of their structure. Practice will help you decide. you just substitute the found value into one of the equations and solve for the other variable. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for one variable. you will transform one or both of the two equations in the system so that when you add the two equations together. one of the variables will be eliminated.

3(x + y) = 18 281. x + y = 4 2x − y = 5 + 2y = 1 277. 3x + 4y = 17 −x 278. 2x + 7y = 36 3x + 4y = 15 287. y). 3x + y = 20 + 10 = y 286. 5x + 8y = 25 283. Then transform the equation or equations so that you will get the result you want. 3x − 5y = −21 288.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically When using the elimination method.5x + 5y = 28 3x − y = 13 5x + y = −2 1 2x 280. or as variables such as x = 2 and y = 4. 1 4x 2(2y − x) = 16 + y = 12 1 2x − 3 y = 21 173 Team-LRN . Express your solution as a coordinate point or in the form (x. Use the elimination method to solve the following systems of equations. 0. ﬁrst make a plan to determine which variable you will eliminate from the system. 7x + 3y = 2 2x + y = 0 279. + 2y = 12 2x − y = 21 3x − 15 = y 2y + 6x = 0 282. 276. 6y + 3x = 30 284. 3x = 5 − 7y 2y = x − 6 x 3 285.

2(2 − x) = 3y − 2 3x + 9 = 4(5 − y) 174 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Use the substitution method to solve the following systems of equations. 289. 5x + y = 20 296. 4y + 31 = 3x y + 10 = 3x 300. =y+2 2x − 4y = 32 y − 3x = 28 3x = 2 y + 1 1 x 3 294.4 292.6 y + 21x = 8. y = 3x 4x + 5y = 95 290. x + y = 3 3x + 101 = 7y 291. 2x + y = 2 − 5y x−y=5 2x 10 y 297. y + 4x = 0 295. x + 5y = 10 299. 8x − y = 0 10x + y = 9 293. 5x + y = 3. + 5 =1 3x + 2y = 12 x − 3 = 2y 298.

When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). { }. We could add the equations together if we had x+y=4 2x − y = 5 3x + 0 = 9 3x = 9 =3 x=3 (3) + y = 4 3−3+y=4−3 y=1 3x 3 9 a −3x in the second equation. Now solve for x. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Simplify. 3(-x + 2y = 1) −3x + 6y = 3 3x + 4y = 17 0 + 10y = 20 10y = 20 y=2 −x −x + 2(2) = 1 +4=1 −x + 4 − 4 = 1 − 4 −x = −3 x=3 175 Team-LRN . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Simplify. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. ( ). 276. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Add the ﬁrst and transformed second equations. Simplify. Subtract 3 from both sides. Divide both sides by 4. Subtract 4 from both sides. 277. Divide both sides by 3. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Identity element of addition. The solution for the system of equations is (3. The underlined ordered pair is the solution. or [ ].2). Simplify terms. Multiply both sides by −1. Be aware that you may have used a different method of elimination to arrive at the correct answer. Additive identity. Multiply the second equation by 3. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Add the equations.1). Regardless of what symbol is used. Simplify.

501 Algebra Questions 278. Transform the second equation so you can add it to the ﬁrst and eliminate y. −3(2x −6x −6x + y = 0) − 3y = 0 − 3y = 0 7x + 3y = 2 x+0=2 x=2 2(2) + y = 0 4+y=0 4 − 4 + y = −4 y = −4 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. 279. Distributive property of multiplication. 280. Subtract 18 from both sides. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Multiply the equation by −3. The solution for the system of equations is (6. The solution for the system of equations is (2. Add the ﬁrst equation to the transformed second. 3x + 3y = 18 + y) = −3(−2) − 3( y) = −3(−2) −15x − 3y = 6 3x + 3y = 18 −12x + 0 = 24 −12x = 24 x = −2 −3(5x) −3(5x 176 Team-LRN . Simplify. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add equations to eliminate y.5x + 0 = 93 15. Use the distributive property of multiplication.5 x = 93 x=6 3(6) − y = 13 18 − y = 13 18 − 18 − y = 13 − 18 −y = −5 (−1)(−y) = (−1)(−5) y=5 distributing the multiplication on the left.−4). Additive identity. Subtract 4 from both sides. If you multiply the second equation by 5 and add the equations together. Additive identity. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation. Simplify terms. Multiply both sides by −1. Simplify.5x + 5y = 28 15. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by −12.5. Add the ﬁrst and second equations. you can eliminate the y. Simplify.5). See what the ﬁrst equation looks like after 5(3x − y) = 5(13) 5(3x) − 5( y) = 5(13) 15x − 5y = 65 0. Simplify. Simplify. Divide both sides by 15.

Subtract y from both sides. Transform the second equation into a similar 2(2x − y) = 2(21) 2(2x) − 2( y) = 2(21) 4x − 2y = 42 1 2 x + 2y = 12 4 2 x + 0 = 54 4 2 x = 54 2(4 2 x = 54) 9x = 108 x = 12 2(12) − y = 21 24 − 24 − y = 21 − 24 −y = −3 y=3 1 1 1 format to the ﬁrst equation. Simplify. Multiply the equation by −1. Multiply the second equation by 2 and add to 5(−2) + y = −2 + y = −2 10 − 10 + y = 10 − 2 y=8 −10 the ﬁrst to eliminate y. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. 3x − 15 + 15 = y + 15 3x = y + 15 3x − y = y − y + 15 3x − y = 15 8(3x − y) = 15 24x − 8y = 120 5x + 8y = 25 29x + 0 = 145 29x = 145 x=5 3(5) − 15 = y 15 − 15 = y 0=y 177 Team-LRN . Add 15 to both sides. Additive identity. Simplify. Divide both sides by 9. The solution for the system of equations is (12. 282. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Simplify.0). 281. then line up like terms. Divide both sides by 29. Multiply the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction.8). The solution for the system of equations is (5. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the second equation by 8 and add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Simplify. Simplify. Simplify. Add 10 to both sides. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 24 from both sides. Additive identity. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second.3). Add the ﬁrst equation to the second.

Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Transform the ﬁrst equation into + 6x = 0) − 18x = 0 6y + 3x = 30 0 − 15x = 30 x = −2 −6y −3(2y 2y + 6(−2) = 0 2y − 12 = 0 2y − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 2y = 12 y=6 familiar form (ax + by = c).501 Algebra Questions 283.−1). Simplify. Simplify. 3x = 5 − 7y 3x + 7y = 5 − 7y + 7y 3x + 7y = 5 2y = x − 6 + 2y = x − x − 6 −x + 2y = −6 3(−x + 2y = −6) 3(−x) + 3 (2y) = 3(−6) −3x + 6y = −18 3x + 7y = 5 −x 0 + 13y = −13 y = −1 3x = 5 − 7(−1) 3x = 5 + 7 3x = 12 x=4 Divide both sides by 3. Additive identity. Simplify terms. Add 12 to both sides. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Divide both sides by 2.6). Add 7y to both sides. Simplify. Multiply equation by 3. Subtract x from both sides. 284. Divide both sides by 13. Divide both sides by −15. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add it to the ﬁrst equation to eliminate y. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. 178 Team-LRN . Additive identity.

Simplify. Additive identity. Divide both sides by 3. Use the distributive property. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.6). 3(2x + 7y = 36) 3(2x) + 3 (7y) = 3(36) 6x + 21y = 108 −2(3x + 4y = 15) −2(3x) − 2(4y) = −2(15) −6x − 8y = −30 6x + 21y = 108 0 + 13y = 78 y=6 3x + 4(6) = 15 3x + 24 = 15 3x + 24 − 24 = 15 − 24 3x = −9 x = −3 179 Team-LRN . The solution for the system of equations is (−3. Subtract 30 from each side. Multiply the equation by 3.501 Algebra Questions 285. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 10. Simplify terms. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 3 and add to the second equation to eliminate y.11). Add the transformed ﬁrst equation to the second equation. Subtract 24 from both sides. Additive identity. and eliminate the x variable by adding the equations together. Simplify. the second by multiplying by −2. Use the distributive property. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. 286. Second equation. Add the transformed second equation to the ﬁrst. Transform the ﬁrst equation by multiplying 3( 3 + 10 = y) 3( 3 ) + 3(10) = 3( y) x + 30 = 3y x + 30 − 30 = 3y − 30 x = 3y − 30 x − 3y = 3y − 3y − 30 x − 3y = −30 3(3x + y = 20) 3(3x) + 3( y) = 3(20) 9x + 3y = 60 x − 3y = −30 10x + 0 = 30 x=3 + 10 = y 1 + 10 = y 11 = y (3) 3 x x by 3. Subtract 3y from both sides. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). The solution for the system of equations is (3. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Simplify terms. Simplify. Divide both sides by 13. Use the distributive property.

Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Transform the second equation into a similar form to the ﬁrst equation. and add the transformed equations to eliminate the variable x. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Simplify terms. Commutative property of addition. Transform the second equation by multiplying it by 3. Divide both sides by 3. Distributive property. Distributive property. Simplify terms and add 15 to each side. Simplify terms. 1 3 (2x − 3 y = 21) 3(2x) − 3( 3 y) = 3(21) 6x − y = 63 1 4 x + y = 12 1 6 4 x + 0 = 75 1 6 4 x = 75 64x 64 1 1 1 1 = 75 1 64 x = 12 + y = 12 3 − 3 + y = 12 − 3 y=9 1 4 (12) 180 Team-LRN . Simplify the ﬁrst term and subtract from both sides. Simplify terms. Then. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 2 and the second equation by 3. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (−2.501 Algebra Questions 287.9). 2(2y) − 2 (x) = 16 4y − 2x = 16 −2x + 4y = 16 2(3x − 5y = −21) 6x − 10y = −42 3(−2x + 4y = 16) −6x + 12y = 48 6x − 10y = −42 2y = 6 y=3 3x − 5(3) = −21 3x − 15 + 15 = −21 + 15 3x = −6 x = −2 288. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second.3). Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. add the equations together to eliminate y. Simplify terms. The solution for the system of equations is (12. Additive identity. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 6 4 . Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 2.

Subtract 11 from both sides.6 + 16x = 8.4 Combine like terms. 3.2.8 Divide both sides by 16.6 from both sides.4 Subtract 3. 16x = 4. 1. Subtract y from both sides of the equation.1 The solution for the system of equations is (0.11).3 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Add 3y to both sides. Add like terms. Substitute 3 − y for x in the second equation and solve for y. 1.6 Simplify terms. 5(0.3) + y = 3. Divide both sides by 19. y = 3. (3. The ﬁrst equation tells you that y = 3x.6 Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 10.5 + y = 3. Simplify. Combine like terms. Substitute 3x for y in the second equation and then solve for x. Use the commutative property of addition. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is x+y−y=3−y x=3−y 3(3 − y) + 101 = 7y 9 − 3y + 101 = 7y 9 + 101 − 3y = 7y 110 − 3y + 3y = 7y + 3y 110 = 10y 11 = y x + (11) = 3 x + 11 − 11 = 3 − 11 x = −8 expressed in terms of x. Simplify term and add like terms. 290. The solution for the system of equations is (−8. Use the distributive property of multiplication.6 Subtract 1. 3.6 + 16x = 8.501 Algebra Questions 289. 5x + y = 3.6 − 3. y = 2.3. Substitute 5 for x in one of the equations. Combine like terms on each side.5 − 1. 291.1).6 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation.6 − 1. 5x − 5x + y = 3.6 − 5x) + 21x = 8. 181 Team-LRN .5 + y = 3. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of x 4x + 5 (3x) = 95 4x + 15x = 95 19x = 95 95 x = 19 = 5 y = 3(5) = 15 is expressed in terms of y.6 − 5x Combine like terms on each side.6 − 5x Substitute the value of y into the second equation.5 from both sides. x = 0. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x.15).4 − 3.5 Combine like terms on each side. The solution for the system of equations is (5.

Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Add y to both sides of the equation. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the 8x − y = 0 8x + y − y = y + 0 8x = y 10x + 8x = 9 18x = 9 1 x= 2 8( 2 ) − y = 0 4−y=0 4−y+y=0+y 4=y 1 value of x is expressed in terms of y. The solution for the system of equations is (−4. Combine like terms. Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 292. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Divide both sides by 18. Simplify and add 40 to both sides. Combine like terms and simplify.16). Express y in terms of x in the ﬁrst equation. (−4x) − 3x = 28 = 28 x = −4 y + 4(−4) = 0 y − 16 = 0 y = 16 182 Team-LRN . Simplify. Multiply the equation by 3. Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 12 from both sides. Divide both sides by −7. Simplify. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x.4). 3(( 3 ) = y + 2) 3( 3 ) = 3y + 6 x = 3y + 6 2(3y + 6) − 4y = 32 6y + 12 − 4y = 32 6y − 4y + 12 = 32 2y + 12 − 12 = 32 − 12 2y = 20 y = 10 2x − 4(10) = 32 2x − 40 + 40 = 32 + 40 2x = 72 x = 36 y + 4x = 0 y + 4x − 4x = 0 − 4x y = −4x −7x x x Subtract 4x from both sides. 1 The solution for the system of equations is ( 2 . Add 16 to both sides. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y.10). Combine like terms on each side and simplify. 293. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is expressed in terms of x. Add y to both sides of the equation. 294. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property. Use the distributive property of multiplication. The solution for the system of equations is (36. Substitute the value of y into the second equation.

10). 10 + y = 20 Subtract 10 from both sides. Subtract 10 from both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 5 2 . x=2 Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. 297. Combine like terms on each side. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Transform the second equation so that the value of x is expressed in terms of y. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. the denominators. Substitute the found value for y into one of the equations and solve for x. 1 5 5x − 5x + y = 20 − 5x y = 20 − 5x 3x = 2 (20 − 5x) + 1 3x = 10 − 2 x + 1 3x = 11 − 2 x 3x + 2 x = 11 + 2 x − 2 x 5 2 x = 11 52x 52 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 1 = 11 1 52 Simplify terms. x−y+y=5+y x=5+y 2(5 + y) + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y + 5y = 2 − 5y + 5y 10 + 8y = 2 10 − 10 + 8y = 2 − 10 8y = −8 y = −1 x − (−1) = 5 x+1=5 x=4 −1). Add 2 x to both sides. 183 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 295. y = 10 The solution for the system of equations is (2. Add y to both sides of the equation. 5(2) + y = 20 Simplify. Combine like terms. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Divide both sides by 8. 296. Simplify. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. Multiply both sides of the equation by 10. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of y is expressed in terms of x. Simplify terms. Transform the ﬁrst equation by eliminating 10( 10 + 5 ) = 10(1) 10( 10 ) + 10( 5 ) = 10 2x + 2y = 10 2x y 2x y Use the distributive property of multiplication. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. Add 5y to both sides of the equation.

Combine like terms on each side.501 Algebra Questions Divide both sides by 2. 184 y + 10 − 10 = 3x − 10 y = 3x − 10 4(3x − 10) + 31 = 3x 4(3x) − 4 (10) + 31 = 3x 12x − 40 + 31 = 3x 12x − 9 = 3x 12x − 9 + 9 = 3x + 9 Team-LRN . Subtract 5 from both sides. Combine like terms. Divide both sides by 7. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify. Add 3 to both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify the term and subtract 6 from both sides. Add y to both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication.3). Subtract y from both sides of the equation.1). Use the commutative property of addition. 298. Transform the second equation so that the value = 2 x+y=5 2x + 2y 2 10 x+y−y=5−y x=5−y 3(5 − y) + 2y = 12 3(5) − 3y + 2y = 12 15 − y = 12 15 − y + y = 12 + y 15 = 12 + y 15 − 12 = 12 − 12 + y 3=y 3x + 2 (3) = 12 3x + 6 − 6 = 12 − 6 3x = 6 x=2 of x is expressed in terms of y. Simplify. Combine like terms. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. Add 9 to both sides of the equation. Subtract 12 from both sides. Transform the second equation so that the x − 3 + 3 = 2y + 3 x = 2y + 3 (2y + 3) + 5y = 10 2y + 5y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 − 3 = 10 − 3 7y = 7 y=1 x + 5(1) = 10 x + 5 − 5 = 10 − 5 x=5 value of y is expressed in terms of x. Divide both sides by 3. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (2. Combine like terms on each side. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 3 from both sides. Now express x in terms of y. Simplify terms. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. Substitute the value of x into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for y. Substitute the found value for y into the ﬁrst equation and solve for x. 299. The solution for the system of equations is (5.

Subtract 3x from both sides. 3(4) − 3( 3 ) = 3(3y) − 3(2) Simplify each term. −4 + 8y − 8y = 9y − 8y Subtract 8y from both sides. Divide both sides by 9. 6 − 10 + 8y = 9y + 6 − 6 −4 + 8y = 9y Combine like terms on each side. 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 Subtract 4 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. 3(4 − ( 3 )) = 3(3y − 2) Use the distributive property 22 − 8y of multiplication. use the distributive property to simplify the equation. 12 − (22 − 8y) = 9y − 6 Simplify the second term and the − sign. 3x + 9 = 20 − 4y 3x + 9 − 9 = 20 − 9 − 4y 3x = 11 − 4y x= 11 − 4y 3 4 − 2x = 3y − 2 4 − 2( Multiply the numerator by the factor 2. −4 = y Combine like terms on each side. 2(2 − x) = 3(−4) − 2 Distributive property of multiplication. Add 6 to both sides. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms on each side. The solution for the system of equations is (1. Divide both sides by 3. Subtract 10 from both sides. 12 − 22 + 8y = 9y − 6 −10 + 8y = 9y − 6 Combine like terms.−7). Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. Subtract 9 from both sides. Begin with the second equation and 12x = 3x + 9 12x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 9 9x = 9 x=1 y + 10 = 3(1) y + 10 − 10 = 3 − 10 y = −7 express x in terms of y. First.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side. x=9 Divide both sides by The solution for the system of equations is (9.−4). −2. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. 4 − 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 − 4 −2x = −18 Simplify. 11 − 4y 3 ) = 3y − 2 22 − 8y ( 3 ) = 3y − 2 185 Team-LRN . Combine like terms on each side. 300. 4− Multiply both sides of the equation by 3 22 − 8y to eliminate the denominator. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

but in this chapter. if the variables are the same. 13 3n + 5n = 8n. multiplying. you will practice adding. Tips for Working with Exponents Add and subtract like terms: When multiplying variables with exponents. the variables have exponents. add the exponents and write the base only once: (a4)(a3) = a(4 + 3) = a7 = ax(2 + 1)y(3 + 5) = ax3y8 (x2y3)(axy5) Team-LRN . or 5x2y − 3x2y = 2x2y.Working with Exponents In this chapter. You will follow all the rules you have learned about operating with variables. subtracting. and dividing expressions that contain variables with exponents.

Generally. the term raised to the power of zero equals 1: z0 = 1 3 r 2 = 3r 0 = 3(1) = 3 When a variable with an exponent is raised to a power. you subtract the exponents: n5 n2 = n·n·n·n·n n·n = n5−2 = n3 If the exponent of a similar term in the denominator is larger than the one in the numerator. if the variables are the same.501 Algebra Questions When dividing variables with exponents. list terms in order from highest power to lowest power. you multiply the exponent to form the new term: (b2)3 = b2 · b2 · b2 = b2 + b2 + b2 = b6 (2x2y)2 = 2x2y · 2x2y = 2 · 2 · x2 · x2 · y · y = 22x2+2y1+1 = 4x4y2 Remember order of operations. 2x−1 = 2( x1 ) = n−3 = 1 n3 1 2 x When the result of a division leaves an exponent of zero. r2 187 Team-LRN . the exponent will have a negative sign: 2x3 x4 n5 n8 = 2x−1 = n5−8 = n−3 A negative numerator becomes positive when the variable is moved into the denominator. PEMDAS.

317. 3x2 + 4ax − 8a2 + 7x2 − 2ax + 7a2 306. (3xy5)2 − 11x2y2(4y4)2 315. (5a2x3y)3 320. 4x−2(5ax)2 318. (4a2)3 + (2a3)2 − 11a6 311. 312. 314. 316. (2xy · x )2 + (3y)2 188 Team-LRN . 4xy · 3xy + 7x2y2 308. 7ax (a2x)2 (4b)2x−2 (2ab2x)2 4 (2x2y)4 323. (ab2)3 + 2b2 − (4a)3b6 324. 9mn3 + 8mn + 2mn3 304. 8xy2 2xy (3x)3 x2 • x4 (12s2)(2s4) 3s3 7a2b5 28ab2 2(3x2y)2(xy)3 3(xy)2 2x2y5 x5y3 3x−2 x5 24x3 (2x)2 2x x8 3x5 x4 (3ax)2 a2 x 310. 5ab4 − ab4 303. (5n2)(2n5 − 2n3 + 3n7) 307. 3x2 + 9x2 302. − 321. 5c2 + 3c − 2c2 + 4 − 7c 305. 313. (4x2y)3 + 2x2y 322. − + 319.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions: 301. (5a2 · 3ab) + 2a3b 309. 9y2 325.

Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. (5 · 2 · n2n5) . add the exponents of the variables. 305. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Use the commutative property 3x2 + 9x2 = 12x2 5ab4 − ab4 = 4ab4 9mn3 + 2mn3 + 8mn 11mn3 + 8mn 5c2 − 2c2 − 7c + 3c + 4 3c2 − 4c + 4 3x2 + 7x2 + 4ax − 2ax − 8a2 + 7a2 10x2 + 2ax − a2 (5n2)(2n5) − (5n2)(2n3) + (5n2)(3n7) of addition. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Use the commutative property of multiplication. 306. 302. Combine like terms. Add like terms. (4 · 3xxyy) + 7x2y2 When the same variables are multiplied. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. { }. (12x2y2) + 7x2y2 Combine like terms. 303. ( ). Regardless of what symbol is used. 15n9 + 10n7 − 10n5 307. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 301. Subtract like terms. Use the distributive property. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 304. (10 · n2 + 5) − (10 · n2 + 3) + (15 · n2 + 7) 10n7 − 10n5 + 15n9 Show expression in decreasing exponential order. or [ ].(5 · 2 · n2n3) + (5 · 3 · n2n7) Add the exponents of the variables. Use the commutative property of multiplication. 19x2y2 189 Team-LRN . Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.

subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Terms within parentheses are the base of 8xy2 2xy = 4xy2 xy 4xy2 xy = 4x1−1y2−1 4x0y1 = 4(1)y = 4y (4a2)(4a2)(4a2) + (2a3)(2a3) − 11a6 (4 · 4 · 4)(a2 · a2 · a2) + (2 · 2)(a3 · a3) − 11a6 64(a2+2+2) + 4(a3+3) − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 the exponent outside the parentheses. are being divided. In the denominator. are being divided. Simplify the expressions in the exponents. or bases. 17a3b 309. Simplify the exponent and coefﬁcients. add the exponents of the variables. you subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. are multiplied. Another way of solving this problem is to multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions 308. or bases. Use the commutative property of multiplication. 27x3−6 = 27x−3 27x−3 = 27x 3 When similar factors. When similar factors. add the exponents of the variables. multiply the exponents of each 33x3 x2 • x4 33x3 27x3 2+4 = x6 x In the numerator. 12 · 2s2 · s4 3s3 12 · 2s2 + 4 3s3 8s6 s3 190 Team-LRN . (5 · 3a2ab) + 2a3b When the same variables are multiplied. factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. add the exponents of the variables. Combine like terms. 312. 4(1)3a(2)3 + 2(1)2a(3)2 − 11a6 43a6 + 22a6 − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 311. 15a3b + 2a3b Combine like terms. Divide numerical terms. Simplify. When the same variables are multiplied. Commutative property of multiplication. add the exponents of similar bases. Simplify. or bases. When similar factors. Simplify terms. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. 310.

or bases. 313. are multiplied. are being divided. Use the commutative property of multiplication. are being divided.501 Algebra Questions When similar factors. Combine like terms. or bases. Divide out the common factor of 7 in the 8s6−3 = 8s3 1 · 7a2b5 4 · 7ab2 numerator and denominator. 317. or bases. 314. add the exponents of the variables. and simplify exponents with operations. are being divided. are being divided. When similar factors. 6x7−2y5−2 6x5y3 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside = 1a2b5 4ab2 1a2b5 1a2−1b5−2 = 4 4ab2 1b3 1a 4 a1b3 1 3 4 = 4 ab the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. or bases. 315. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Use the commutative property of multiplication. add the exponents of the variables. When similar factors. 4x−2(52a2x2) 4 · 52 · a2x2x−2 191 Team-LRN . subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Separate the coefﬁcient from the variable. When similar factors. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 2x2y5 x5y3 = 2x2−5y5−3 2x2−5y5−3 = 2x−3y2 2x−3y2 = 2y2 x3 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. or bases. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 32x2y10 − 11x2y242y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 42x2y2y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 16 · x2y10 9x2y10 − 176x2y10 −167x2y10 2(32x4y2)(x3y3) 3(x2y2) 2 · 9 · x4x3y2y3 3x2y2 2 · 9 · x4+3y2+3 3x2y2 6x7y5 x2y2 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. When similar factors. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Either expression is an acceptable answer. 316. are multiplied. Simplify exponents. When similar factors. or bases. Evaluate numerical factors. Factor out like numerical terms in the fraction. Simplify the operations in the exponents. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator.

Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. When similar factors. Add like terms. or bases. 318. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. or bases. or bases. 320. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. are being divided. theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside 53a6x9y3 125a6x9y3 the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Simplify the operations in the exponents. 100a2x2x−2 100a2x2−2 100a2x0 100a2(1) 100a2 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. 319. or bases. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Multiply the exponents of each factor 24x3 22x2 6x3 x2 + 3x5 x4 − 32a2x2 a2x + 3x5 x4 − 9a2x2 a2x 6x3−2 + 3x5−4 − 9a2−2x2−1 6x1 + 3x1 − 9a0x1 6x + 3x − 9(1)x 6x + 3x − 9x = 0x = 0 inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Combine like terms. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. are being divided. are being divided. Any term to the power of zero equals 1. Identity element of multiplication. When similar factors. are being divided. 192 43x6y3 + 24x8y4 2x2y 43x6y3 + 24−1x8−2y4−1 43x6y3 + 23x6y3 64x6y3 + 8x6y3 72x6y3 7ax a4x2 322. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcient. are being multiplied. When similar factors. 321. or bases. When similar factors. Subtract like terms. When similar factors. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7a1−4x1−2 Team-LRN . Any base to the power of 0 = 1. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients and divide out common numerical factors in the terms. add the exponents. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 3x−2−5 − 2x1−8 3x−7 − 2x−7 x−7 x−7 = 1 x7 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Evaluate numerical terms.

Evaluate numerical factors. or bases. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7 a3x1 = 7 a3x theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Multiply the fraction in the ﬁrst term by the factor in the ﬁrst term. Combine like terms in the expression. 325. 9y2 32y2 9y2 42 (22x2y2)( x2 ) + 32y2 16 9y2 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 9y2 16 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 1 (4x2y2)16 )+1 x2 4 · 16x2y2 ( x2 ) + 1 64x2y2 +1 x2 ( 64y2 + 1 193 Team-LRN . The last term is equivalent to 1. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the operations in the exponents. by the exponent outside the parentheses. are being divided. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Use the commutative property of addition. Divide out the common factor of x2 in the numerator and denominator. Simplify the operations in the exponents. (2xy)2 · ( x )2 + Repeat the previous step. 7a−3x−1 = 323. 7a−3x−1 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. Simplify the numerical factors in the numerator and the denominator. When similar factors. Evaluate numerical factors. a3b6 + 2b2 − 43a3b6 a3b6 + 2b2 − 64a3b6 2b2 − 64a3b6 + a3b6 2b2 − 63a3b6 42b2x−2 22a2b4x2 16b2x−2 4a2b4x2 4b2x−2 a2b4x2 4b2−4x−2−2 a2 4b−2x−4 a2 4 a2b2x4 4 324.

Multiplying Polynomials This chapter will present problems for you to solve in the multiplication of polynomials. you use the distributive property of multiplication to multiply each term in the polynomial by the monomial. 14 a(b + c + d + e) = ab + ac + ad + ae Tips for Multiplying Polynomials When multiplying a polynomial by a monomial. and multiplying a trinomial and a binomial. Team-LRN . you will practice solving problems multiplying a monomial (one term) and a polynomial. Speciﬁcally. multiplying binomials (expressions with two terms).

(a + [b])(c + [d]) gives the term bd. Then add the results. (5x + 7)(5x − 7) 337. (7x + 2y)(2x − 4y) 336. Multiply the inner terms of each binomial. Multiply the outer terms of each binomial. (a + b)(c + d + e) = (ac + ad + ae) + (bc + bd + be) Multiply the following polynomials. 3mn(−4m + 6n + 7mn2 − 3m2n) 330. Then you combine the terms. (4 + x2)(9 − 4x) x 3 6x − 1 x2 ) 195 Team-LRN . (28x + 7)( 7 − 11) 338. you use the mnemonic FOIL to remind you of the order with which you multiply terms in the binomials. (3x2 + y2)(x2 − 2y2) 339. You proceed similarly to the way you would when using the distributive property of multiplication. (x − 4)(x − 9) 333. 326. ([a] + b)(c + [d]) gives the term ad. ac + ad + bc + bd Multiplying a trinomial by a binomial is relatively easy. x(3x + 4y − 8) 327. (a + [b])([c] + d) gives the term bc. 2a(5a2 − 7a + 9) 328. (x + 2)(x − 3y) 335. (a + b)(c + d) F is for ﬁrst. 4x(9x3 + x2 − x4 + 331. 4bc(3b2c + 7b − 9c + 2bc2 − 8) 329. O is for outer. I is for inner. ([a] + b)([c] + d) gives the term ac. Multiply the ﬁrst terms of each binomial. Multiply each term in the trinomial by the ﬁrst and then the second term in the binomial. (x + 3)(x + 5) 332.501 Algebra Questions When multiplying a binomial by a binomial. (2x + 1)(3x − 7) 334. Multiply the last terms of each binomial. L is for last.

(3a − 4)(5a + 2)(a + 3) 348.501 Algebra Questions 340. (3y − 7)(6y2 − 3y + 7) 345. (x + 2)(2x + 1)(x − 1) 347. (3x2 + 4)(x − 3)(3x2 − 4) 196 Team-LRN . (4a + b)(5a2 + 2ab − b2) 344. (2n − 3)(2n + 3)(n + 4) 349. (3x + 2)(2x2 − 2x − 5) 346. (x + 2)(3x2 − 4x + 1) 342. (2x − 3)(x3 + 3x2 − 4x) 343. (2x2 + y2)(x2 − y2) 341. (5r − 7)(3r4 + 2r2 + 6) 350.

328. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Simplify terms. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Simplify terms. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 3mn(−4m) + 3mn(6n) + 3mn(7mn2) − 3mn(3m2n) −12m2n + 18mn2 + 21m2n3 − 9m3n2 197 Team-LRN . Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 327. Simplify terms. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Multiply each term in the trinomial by 2a. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 3mn. 326. ( ). or [ ]. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. x(3x) + x(4y) − x(8) 3x2 + 4xy − 8x 2a(5a2) − 2a(7a) + 2a(9) 10a3 − 14a2 + 18a Simplify terms. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4bc. 4bc(3b2c) + 4bc(7b) − 4bc(9c) + 4bc(2bc2) − 4bc(8) 12b3c2 + 28b2c − 36bc2 + 8b2c3 − 32bc 329. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. { }. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Multiply each term in the trinomial by x. Regardless of what symbol is used.

332. Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. or bases. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 − 4x−1 Use the associative property of addition. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 When similar factors. Add the products of FOIL together. Add the products of FOIL together. Combine like terms. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24(1) Simplify and put in order. 331. 198 Team-LRN . 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 Use the distributive property in 12x 24x2 − 4x the numerator of the 4th term. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 Combine like terms. are being divided. −4x5 + 36x4 + 8 x + 24 ([x] + 3)([x] + 5) x2 ([x] + 3)(x + [ 5 ]) +5x (x + [3])([x] + 5) +3x (x + [3])(x + [5]) +15 2 + 5x + 3x + 15 x x2 + 8x + 15 ([x] − 4)([x] − 9) x2 ([x] − 4)(x − [9]) −9x (x − [4])([x] − 9) −4x (x − [4])(x − [9]) +36 x2 − 9x − 4x + 36 x2 − 13x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24x0 A variable to the power of zero 8 equals 1. 4x(9x3) + 4x( x2 ) − 4x(x4) + 4x( 12x 4x(6x − 1) 3 6x − 1 ) x2 Simplify terms. 36x4 + 8x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the 8 inverse sign for the exponent. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4x. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 330. 36x4 + 12x1−2 − 4x5 + 24x2−2 − 4x1−2 Simplify operations in the exponents. Use FOIL to multiply binomials.

Combine like terms. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Combine like terms. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. 335. 334. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 333. 336. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 199 Team-LRN . Multiply the last terms in each binomial. ([2x] + 1)([3x] − 7) 6x2 ([2x] + 1)(3x − [7]) −14x (2x + [1])([3x] − 7) +3x (2x + [1])(3x − [7]) −7 6x2 − 14x + 3x − 7 6x2 − 11x − 7 ([x] + 2)([x] − 3y) x2 ([x] + 2)(x − [3y]) −3xy (x + [2])([x] − 3y) +2x (x + [2])(x − [3y]) −6y 2 − 3xy + 2x − 6y x ([7x] + 2y)([2x] − 4y) 14x2 ([7x] + 2y)(2x − [4y]) −28xy (7x + [2y])([2x] − 4y) +4xy (7x + [2y])(2x − [4y]) −8y2 2 − 28xy + 4xy − 8y2 14x 14x2 − 24xy − 8y2 ([5x] + 7)([5x] − 7) 25x2 ([5x] + 7)(5x − [7]) −35x (5x + [7])([5x] − 7) +35x (5x + [7] (5x − [7]) −49 25x2 − 35x + 35x − 49 25x2 − 49 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial.

Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. + 9x2 − 16x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Add the products of FOIL together. Simplify and put them in order from the highest power. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 340.501 Algebra Questions 337. 339. 338. 200 ([2x2] + y2)([x2] − y2) 2x4 ([2x2] + y2)(x2 − [y2]) −2x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − y2) (2x +x2y2 (2x2 + [y2])(x2 − [y2]) −y4 4 − 2x2y2 + x2y2 − y4 2x 2x4 − x2y2 − y4 Team-LRN . Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Add the products of FOIL together. ([28x] + 7)([ 7 ] − 11) 4x2 x ([28x] + 7)( 7 − [11]) −308x x (28x + [7])([ 7 ] − 11) +x x (28x + [7])( 7 − [11]) −77 2 − 308x + x − 77 4x 4x2 − 307x − 77 ([3x2] + y2)([x2] − 2y2) 3x4 ([3x2] + y2)(x2 − [2y2]) −6x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − 2y2 (3x +x2y2 (3x2 + [y2])(x2 − [2y2]) −2y4 4 − 6x2y2 + x2y2 − 2y4 3x 3x4 − 5x2y2 − 2y4 ([4] + x2)([9] − 4x) +36 2)(9 − [4x]) ([4] + x −16x 2])([9] − 4x) (4 + [x +9x2 2])(9 − [4x]) (4 + [x −4x3 36 − 16x + 9x2 − 4x3 −4x3 x Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial.

b. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. 3x3 − 4x2 + 6x2 + x − 8x + 2 Combine like terms. Combine like terms. 2. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 341. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. [x(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [x(3x2) − x(4x) + x(1)] [3x3 − 4x2 + x] [2(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [2(3x2) − 2(4x) + 2(1)] [6x2 − 8x + 2] Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. [3x3 − 4x2 + x] + [6x2 − 8x + 2] Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. x. −3. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the commutative property of addition. 2x. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. [4a(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [4a(5a2) + 4a(2ab) − 4a(b2)] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] [b(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [b(5a2) + b(2ab) − b(b2)] [5a2b + 2ab2 -b3] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] + [5a2b + 2ab2 − b3)] 20a3 + 8a2b + 5a2b − 4ab2 + 2ab2 − b3 20a3 + 13a2b − 2ab2 − b3 201 Team-LRN . 3x3 + 2x2 − 7x + 2 342. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property of addition. 343. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst [2x(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [2x(x3) + 2x(3x2) − 2x(4x)] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] [−3(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [−3(x3) − 3(3x2) − 3(−4x)] [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] + [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x)] 2x4 + 6x3 − 3x3 + 8x2 − 9x2 + 12x 2x4 + 3x3 − 17x2 + 12x term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. 4a.

(x + [2])(2x + [1]) +2 2 + x + 4x + 2 Add the products of FOIL together. Simplify terms. 2.501 Algebra Questions 344. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term 346. ([x] + 2)(2x + [1]) +x Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. (x + [2])([2x] + 1) +4x Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Use the commutative property of addition. 2x Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. [3y(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [3y(6y2) − 3y(3y) + 3y(7)] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] [−7(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [−7(6y2) − 7(−3y) − 7(7)] [−42y2 + 21y − 49] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] + [−42y2 + 21y − 49] 18y3 − 9y2 − 42y2 + 21y + 21y − 49 18y3 − 51y2 + 42y − 49 [3x(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [3x(2x2) − 3x(2x) − 3x(5)] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] [2(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [2(2x2) − 2(2x) − 2(5)] [4x2 − 4x − 10] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] + [4x2 − 4x − 10] 6x3 + 4x2 − 6x2 − 15x − 4x − 10 6x3 − 2x2 − 19x − 10 345. 3x. −7. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. ([x] + 2)([2x] + 1) 2x2 Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the commutative property of addition. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. 3y. Simplify terms. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. in the binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication.. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Combine like terms. 2x2 + 5x + 2 202 Team-LRN .

[a(15a2 − 14a − 8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. x. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. [a(15a2) − a(14a) -a(8)] Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. (a + 3)(15a2 − 14a − 8) Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 347. 3. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. [3(15a2) − 3(14a) − 3(8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. [45a2 − 42a − 24] 203 Team-LRN . Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms (x − 1)(2x2 + 5x + 2) [x(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [x(2x2) + x(5x) + x(2)] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] [−1(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [−2x2 − 5x − 2] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] + [−2x2 − 5x − 2] 2x3 + 5x2 − 2x2 + 2x − 5x − 2 2x3 + 3x2 − 3x − 2 in the expression using FOIL. a. −1. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Simplify terms. 15a2 − 14a − 8 Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Use the commutative property of addition. 15a Combine like terms. ([3a] − 4)([5a] + 2) 15a2 ([3a] − 4)(5a + [2]) +6a (3a − [4])([5a] + 2) −20a (3a − [4])(5a + [2]) −8 2 + 6a − 20a − 8 Add the products of FOIL together. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together.

15a3 − 14a2 + 45a2 − 8a − 42a − 24 Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Now we again have two binomials. [5r (3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [5r (3r4) + 5r (2r2) + 5r (6)] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] [−7(3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [−7(3r4) − 7(2r2) − 7(6)] [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] + [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] 15r5 − 21r4 + 10r3 − 14r2 + 30r − 42 204 Team-LRN . 15a3 + 31a2 − 50a − 24 348. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. −7. 349. Use FOIL to ﬁnd the solution. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] + [45a2 − 42a − 24] Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Add the products of FOIL together. Order terms from the highest to lowest power. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Simplify terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Simplify terms. 5r. Multiply the trinomial by the ([2n] − 3)([2n] + 3) 4n2 ([2n] − 3)(2n + [3]) +6n (2n − [3])([2n] + 3) −6n (2n − [3])(2n + [3)] −9 2 + 6n − 6n − 9 4n 4n2 − 9 (n + 4)(4n2 − 9) ([n] + 4)([4n2] − 9) 4n3 ([n] + 4)(4n2 − [9]) −9n (n + [4])([4n2] − 9) +16n2 (n + [4])(4n2 − [9]) −36 3 − 9n + 16n2 − 36 4n 4n3 + 16n2 − 9n − 36 ﬁrst term in the binomial.

3. Combine like terms. Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property of addition. ([3x2] + 4)([x] − 3) 3x3 2] + 4)(x − [3]) ([3x −9x2 2 + [4])([x] − 3) (3x +4x 2 + [4])(x − [3]) (3x −12 3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) (3x (3x2 − 4)(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) [3x2(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [3x2 (3x3) − 3x2(9x2) + 3x2(4x) − 3x2(12)] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] [9x [−4(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] [9x5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] + [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 12x3 − 9x 36x2 + 36x2 − 16x + 48 5 − 27x4 − 16x + 48 9x 205 Team-LRN . Simplify terms. 3x2.501 Algebra Questions 350. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial.

where a and b are whole numbers. you will factor polynomials that are the difference of two perfect squares. 2x2 + 8 = 2(x2 + 4) Factoring using the difference of two perfect squares: Polynomials in the form x2 − y2 can be factored into two terms: (x + y)(x − y). The problems will be presented in random order to give you practice at recognizing which method or combination of methods will be required to factor the polynomial. In the ﬁrst technique. You can use three different techniques to factor polynomials. you look for common factors in the terms of the polynomial. Put that factor outside a set of parentheses and the polynomial inside with the factor removed from each term. Factoring using the trinomial method: This method requires you to factor the ﬁrst and third terms and put the factors into the following Team-LRN . The trinomial expressions in this chapter will be in the form of x2 ± ax ± b. The third technique. Complete explanations of the solutions will follow. called the trinomial factor method. will allow you to factor algebraic expressions that have three terms. 15 Tips for Factoring Polynomials Factoring using the greatest common factor: Look for a factor common to every term in the polynomial.g. In the second.Factoring Polynomials This chapter will present algebraic expressions for you to factor. e.

x2 − 3x − 18 365. 7n2 − 21n 356.g. c2 − 12c + 32 372. 3a2x + 9ax 353. h2 − 12h + 11 373. 9r2 − 36 359. x2 − 2x − 8 360. b2 − 100 363. e. 4a2 − 25 355. x2 + 3x + 2 358. 6a + 15 352. x2 + x − 6 362. x2 + 7x + 12 364. 351. Factor the following polynomials. x2 + 2x + 1 = (x + 1)(x + 1). x2 − 20x + 36 207 Team-LRN . x2 + 10x + 25 369.501 Algebra Questions factored form: ([ ] ± [ ])([ ] ± [ ]). x2 − 16 354. b2 − 9b + 8 366. b2 − 4b − 21 367. x2 + 5x + 6 361. x2 + 20x + 99 371. a2 + 11a − 12 368. v4 − 13v2 − 48 375. 36y4 − z2 370. m2 − 11m + 18 374. The factors of the ﬁrst term go in the ﬁrst position in the parentheses and the factors of the third term go in the second position in each factor. 7x4y2 − 35x2y2 + 14x2y4 357.

x2 − 16 = (x + 4)(x − 4) 2 − 4x + 4x − 16 = x2 − 16 Check using FOIL. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The terms have a common factor of 3ax. 6a + 15 = 3(2a + 5) Factor 3ax out of each term and write the expression in factored form. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. or [ ]. 352. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). The terms have a common factor of 3. Factor 7n2 − 21n = 7n(n − 3) 7x2y2 out of each term in the expression and write it in factored form. 353. 4a2 − 25 = (2a + 5)(2a − 5) 2 − 10a + 10a − 25 = 4a2 − 25 Check using FOIL. 356. Factor 7n out of each term and write the expression in factored form. 4a2 = (2a)2. (x + 4)(x − 4) = x 354. { }. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. The terms have a common factor of 7n. Regardless of what symbol is used. (2a + 5)(2a − 5) = 4a 355. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect 3a2x + 9ax = 3ax(a + 3) squares. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Factor 3 out of each term and write the expression in factored form. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 351. and 25 = 52.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. 7x2y2(x2 − 5 + 2y2) 208 Team-LRN . The terms have a common factor of 7x2y2. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. ( ).

Check using FOIL. Now consider the second term in the trinomial. 358. (x + 2)(x + 3) = x2 + 2x + 3x + 6 = x2 + 5x + 6 209 Team-LRN . (x + 2)(x − 4) = x2 − 4x + 2x − 8 = x2 − 2x − 8 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. Since the numerical term of the polynomial is positive. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) and (2)(4). Place the factors (2)(4) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the 9r2 − 36 = (3r + 6)(3r − 6) trinomial method. since the third term is −8. The factors of x2 are x and x. which is what you need. The factors of x2 are x and x.501 Algebra Questions 357. the result of multiplying the Inner and Outer terms of the trinomial factors will have to be positive. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −2x. 9r2 = (3r)2 and 36 = 62. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). The factors of x2 are x and x. Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term. In order to add up to 5x. (x + 4)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 4x − 8 = x2 + 2x − 8 Almost correct! Change the position of the factors of the numerical term and check using FOIL. 360. Try using two positive signs and the factors 2 and 3. (x + 2)(x + 1) = x2 + x + 2x + 2 = x2 + 3x + 2 The factors are correct. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. the signs in the factor form for trinomials will be the same because only two like signs multiplied together will result in a positive. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. and the factors of 2 are 1 and 2. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. 359. Place the factors into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. which add up to 5.

b2 − 100 = (b + 10)(b − 10) 2 − 10b + 10b − 100 = b2 − 100 Check using FOIL. Place the factors (2)(3) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a −3x. You can use logical guesses to ﬁnd the correct combination of factors and signs. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of x2 are x and x. use positive signs in the factored form for the trinomial. b2 = (b)2 and 100 = 102.501 Algebra Questions 361. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +7x. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). The factors of x2 are x and x. Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term that you need with the third term being a −6. This is not just luck. Since all signs are positive. (x + 3)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 3x − 6 = x2 + x − 6 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. The factors of x2 are x and x. (x + 3)(x + 4) = x2 + 3x + 4x + 12 = x2 + 7x + 12 The result is correct. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −18. 364. (x + 3) (x − 6) = x2 − 6x + 3x − 18 = x2 − 3x − 18 210 Team-LRN . Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +1x. 362. So use (3)(6) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. (b + 10)(b − 10) = b 363. The factors (3)(4) would give terms that add up to 7.

Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −21. Since the signs in the factors must be one positive and one negative. How can you get 9 from adding the two of the factors of 8? Right! Use the (1)(8). You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +11a. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −9b. The factors of b2 are b and b. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (b + 3)(b − 7) = b2 − 7b + 3b − 21 = b2 − 4b − 21 367. so let’s try two negative signs. You want the result of the O and I products of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −4b. The factors of a2 are a and a. (a + 12)(a − 1) = a2 − 1a + 12a − 12 = a2 + 11a − 12 211 Team-LRN . This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (b − 1)(b − 8) = b2 − 8b − 1b + 8 = b2 − 9b + 8 366. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of b2 are b and b. The middle term has a negative sign. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). So let’s use (3) and (7) in the trinomial factors form because the difference between 3 and 7 is 4. The signs within the parentheses of the factorization of the trinomial must be the same to result in a positive numerical term in the trinomial. Check the answer using FOIL. Use FOIL to check the answer. and the factors of 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −12. Check using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 365. use the factors 12 and 1 in the trinomial factors form. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) or (2)(4).

The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. The only factors of 32 that add up to 12 are 4 and 8. 36y2 = (6y2)2 and z2 = (z)2. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both are negative. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. and the factors of 25 are (1)(25) or (5)(5). Check using FOIL. Check using FOIL. (c − 4)(c − 8) = c2 − 8c − 4c + 32 = c2 − 12c + 32 212 Team-LRN . The factors of x2 are x and x.501 Algebra Questions 368. To get a positive 99 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (x + 9)(x + 11) = x2 + 9x + 11x + 99 = x2 + 20x + 99 371. The factors of x2 are x and x. So let’s use (5)(5) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. The factors of x2 are x and x. To get a positive 25 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. (6y 370. and the factors of 99 are (1)(99) or (3)(33) or (9)(11). The sign of the numerical term is positive. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +20x. (6y2 + z)(6y2 − z) 2 + z)(6y2 − z) = 36y4 − 6y2z + 6y2z − z2 = 36y4 − z2 Check using FOIL. and the factors of 32 are (1)(32) or (2)(16) or (4)(8). so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. So let’s use (9)(11) in the trinomial factors form because 9 + 11 = 20. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +10x. (x + 5)(x + 5) = x2 + 5x + 5x + 25 = x2 + 10x + 25 369. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both be negative.

The factors of h2 are h and h. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). (m − 2)(m − 9) = m2 − 9m − 2m + 18 = m2 − 11m + 18 374. (v2 + 3)(v2 − 16) = v4 − 16v2 + 3v2 − 48 = v4 − 13v − 48 You may notice that one of the two factors of the trinomial expression can itself be factored. and the factors of 48 are (1)(48) or (2)(24) or (3)(16) or (4)(12) or (6)(8). and the factors of 11 are (1)(11). The factors of m2 are m and m. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Check your answer using FOIL. The only factors of 18 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 11 are 2 and 9. Check your answer. So use negative signs in the trinomial factors. (v + 4)(v − 4) = v2 − 4v + 4v − 16 = v2 − 16 This now makes the complete factorization of v4 − 13v2 − 48 = (v2 + 3)(v + 4)(v − 4) 213 Team-LRN . The factors of v4 are (v2)(v2). The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to −11m. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. The sign of the numerical term is positive. (h − 1)(h − 11) = h2 − 11h − 1h + 11 = h2 − 12h + 11 373. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The sign of the numerical term is positive. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −48. The only factors of 48 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 13 are 3 and 16. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. The second term is the difference of two perfect squares. Factor (v2 − 16) using the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same.501 Algebra Questions 372. Use them and two subtraction signs in the trinomial factor terms. Use 3 and 16 and a positive and negative sign in the terms of the trinomial factors. Check your answer using FOIL.

The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. Check your answer using FOIL. The sign of the numerical term is positive. The only factors of 36 that add up to 20 are 2 and 18. The factors of x2 are x and x. Use them and two negative signs in the trinomial factor form. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative.501 Algebra Questions 375. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. (x − 2)(x − 18) = x2 − 18x − 2x + 36 = x2 − 20x + 36 214 Team-LRN . and the factors of 36 are (1)(36) or (2)(18) or (4)(9) or (6)(6).

In the previous chapter. Then analyze the remaining expression to determine if other factoring methods can be used. The three methods for factoring polynomial expressions are: 1. all the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms were 1. Team-LRN . When presented with a polynomial with a coefﬁcient greater than 1 for the second-degree term. 2. Trinomial method.16 Using Factoring This chapter will present polynomial expressions for you to factor. This will complicate the process of factoring by adding more possibilities to check. Always look to factor algebraic expressions using the greatest common factor method ﬁrst. Difference of two perfect squares method. In this chapter. In some cases you will ﬁnd that you can factor using more than one of the three methods of factoring polynomials on the given expression. use the trinomial factor form (ax ± ( ))(bx ± ( )) where a · b = the coefﬁcient of the second-degree term. 3. List the factors of the numerical term of the trinomial and consider the choices of factors and signs that will result in the correct trinomial factorization. the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms will often be whole numbers greater than 1. Greatest common factor method.

4a2 − 16a − 9 383. 6a2x − 39ax − 72x 390. You will become better at factoring as you learn to look for the combinations of factors that will give you the required results for the ﬁrst-degree term. 2x2 + 7x + 6 377.501 Algebra Questions After choosing terms to try in the trinomial factors form. use FOIL to check your guesses for the trinomial factors. 2a6 + a3 − 21 389. 376. Be systematic in your attempts to be sure you try all possible choices. Tips for Using Factoring When factoring a trinomial expression. 6a2 − 5a − 6 385. 6x2 + 15x − 36 387. 3x2 − 3x − 18 382. Factor the following expressions. 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b 388. 6a2 − 13a − 15 384. Finally. 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. You will want to do a partial check by ﬁrst completing the O and the I part of FOIL to determine if you have the ﬁrst-degree term right. 16y2 − 36 386. Then list the factors of the numerical term. list the possible factors of the second-degree term. 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. place the factors into the trinomial factor form in all possible ways and use FOIL to check for the correct factorization. 9x2 + 34x − 8 381. 5x2 − 14x − 3 379. Next. ﬁrst determine the signs that will be used in the two factors. 8x2 − 6x − 9 216 Team-LRN .

3c2 + 19c − 40 399. 4ax2 − 38ax − 66a 398. 5c2 − 4c − 1 392. 8r2 + 46r + 63 394. 4x4 − 37x2 + 9 395.501 Algebra Questions 391. 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 217 Team-LRN . 9x3 − 4x 393. 12d2 + 7d − 12 396. 2a2 + 17a − 84 400. 4xy3 + 6xy2 − 10xy 397.

Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(2) + (3)x = 4x + 3x = 7x. 376. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Check using FOIL. (2x + (1))(x + (6)) (2x + (6))(x + (1)) (2x + (2))(x + (3)) (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Now just consider the results of the Outer and Inner products of the terms for each guess. You could make the following guesses for the factors of the original expression. Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (2x)(2) = 4x and the product of the inner terms (3)(x) = 3x. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). (2x + (2))(x + (3)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(3) + (2)x = 6x + 2x = 8x. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Regardless of what symbol is used. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. (2x + (1))(x + (6)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(6) + (1)x = 12x + x= 13x. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). (2x + (6))(x + (1)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(1) + (6)x = 2x + 6 x= 8x. ( ). The numerical term 6 = (1)(6) = (2)(3). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. That way. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. The one that results in a ﬁrst-degree term of 7x is the factorization you want to fully check. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. or [ ]. First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 218 Team-LRN . { }. 4x + 3x = 7x. the middle term of the trinomial. You want to get 7x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.

The factors of the numerical term 3 = (1)(3). 2x2 + 4x + 3x + 6 = 2x2 + 7x + 6 (2x + 3)(x + 2) = 2x2 + 7x + 6 377. (3x + 4)(x + 3) = 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 5x2 = (5x)(x). Multiplying. The factors check out. Then 9x + 4x = 13x. the signs in the factors must be + and -. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. the middle term of the trinomial. the results must add up to be −14x. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). Both signs in the trinomial are negative. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. (5x + (1))(x − (3)) Check using FOIL. Adding (−15x) + (+1x) = −14x. Place those terms into the trinomial factor form. First—−(5x)(x) = 5x2 Outer—−(5x)(−3) = −15x Inner—−(1)(x) = x Last—−(1)(−3) = −3 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. (5x + 1)(x − 3) = 5x2 − 14x − 3 219 Team-LRN . The factors of the numerical term 12 = (1)(12) = (2)(6) = (3)(4). Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(3) = 9x and the product of the inner terms (4)(x) = 4x. (3x + 4)(x + 3) Check using FOIL. and 1x(+1) = +1x. First—−(3x)(x) = 3x2 Outer—−(3x)(3) = 9x Inner—−(4)(x) = 4x Last—−(4)(3) = 12 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL 3x2 + 9x + 4x + 12 = 3x2 + 13x + 12 The factors check out. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. You want to get 13x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. 5x(−3) = −15x.501 Algebra Questions Outer—−(2x)(2) = 4x Inner—−(3)(x) = 3x Last—−(3)(2) = 6 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. When you multiply the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors. 5x2 − 15x + 1x − 3 = 5x2 − 14x − 3 The factors check out.

and don’t forget to include the factor 3 when you are done. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. That tells you that the result of adding the products of the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors must result in a negative sum for the x term. To get 9x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. 9x There it is! And on only the second try. The factors of the numerical term 6 are (1)(6) or (2)(3). Changing position of the signs would help but not with these factors because the term would be +71x. place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(1) = 3x and the product of the inner terms (2)(3x) = 6x. The sign of the second term is negative. (9x − 2)(x + 4) 2 + 36x − 2x − 8 = 9x2 + 34x − 8 Check using FOIL. The factors of the numerical term 8 = (1)(8) or (2)(4). The three terms have a common factor of 3.501 Algebra Questions 379. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. 220 Team-LRN . (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). Be persistent and learn from your mistakes. The sign of the numerical term is negative. Then 3x + 6x = 9x. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. You are looking for a positive x term in the middle of the expression. that doesn’t work. Let’s try putting in factors in the trinomial factor form and see what we get. (9x + 1)(x − 8) Using FOIL to check. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(1) = 3x Inner—−(2)(3x) = 6x Last—−(2)(1) = 1 The factors check out. we get 9x2 − 72x + 1x − 8 = 9x2 − 71x − 8. (3x + 2)(3x + 1) = 9x2 + 3x + 6x + 2 = 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. the middle term of the trinomial. That is the only way to get a negative sign by multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). You can factor out 3 and represent the trinomial as 3(x2 − x − 6). The factors of the numerical term 2 = (1)(2). No. The sign of the numerical term is negative. (3x + 2)(3x + 1) Check using FOIL. (x + 2)(x − 3) Check using FOIL. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. Try different factors of 8. Put the + with the 2 and the − with the 3. 381.

We can predict that 13 = 18 − 5. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. The remaining factors (a)(5) = 5a. 382. 383. (6a + 5)(a − 3) Check using FOIL. First—−(2a)(2a) = 4a2 Outer—−(2a)(−9) = −18a Inner—−(1)(2a) = 2a Last—−(1)(−9) = −9 The result of multiplying the factors is (2a + 1)(2a − 9) = 4a2 − 18a + 2a − 9 = 4a2 − 16a − 9. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 4a2 = (4a)(a) or 4a2 = (2a)(2a). (2a + 1)(2a − 9) Check using FOIL. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. The factors of the numerical term 9 are (1)(9) or (3)(3). First—−(6a)(a) = 6a2 Outer—−(6a)(−3) = −18a Inner—−(5)(a) = 5a Last—−(5)(−3) = −15 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (6a + 5)(a − 3) = 6a2 − 18a + 5a − 15 = 6a2 − 13a − 15. 221 Team-LRN . The factors of the numerical term 15 are (1)(15) or (3)(5). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or (2a)(3a). The factors (6a)(3) = 18a. The factors check out. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. But we need the thirteen to be negative so arrange the 6a and the (3) so their product is −18a. Use this information to place factors within the trinomial factor form. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. The coefﬁcient of the ﬁrst-degree term is 2 less than 18. You can multiply 2a and (9) to get 18a leaving the factors 2a and (1) to get a 2a. (x + 2)(x − 3) = x2 − 3x + 2x − 6 = x2 − x − 6 Include the common factor of 3 so that 3(x + 2)(x − 3) = 3 (x2 − x − 6) = 3x2 − 3x − 18.501 Algebra Questions First—−(x)(x) = x2 Outer—−(x)(−3) = −3x Inner—−(2)(x) = 2x Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 The factors check out.

The factors of the numerical term 6 are (6)(1) or (2)(3). So the term 3(2x2 + 5x − 12) will simplify the trinomial factoring. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. 3(2x − 3)(x + 4) = 6x2 + 15x − 36 222 Team-LRN . When factoring polynomials. 386. (2x − 3)(x + 4) Check using FOIL. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. The ﬁrst factorization is equivalent to the second because you can factor out two from each of the factors. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). Now include the greatest common factor of 3 for the ﬁnal solution. First—−(3a)(2a) = 6a2 Outer—−(3a)(−3) = −9a Inner—−(2)(a) = 2a Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (3a + 2)(2a − 3) = 6a2 − 9a + 4a − 6 = 6a2 − 5a − 6. This expression is the difference between two perfect squares. Use those factors in the trinomial factor form. Didn’t that work out nicely? A sense of balance can be useful. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. 4(4y2 − 9) = 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3). Using the form for the difference of two perfect squares gives you the factors (4y + 6)(4y − 6). You need only factor the trinomial within the parentheses. It’s clear that 8x − 3x = 5x. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. However. The factors of the numerical term 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). watch for the greatest common factors ﬁrst. 385. The sign of the numerical term is negative. there is a greatest common factor that could be factored out ﬁrst to leave 4(4y2 − 9). First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 Outer—−(2x)(4) = 8x Inner—−(−3)(x) = −3x Last—−(−3)(4) = −12 The result of multiplying factors is 2x2 + 8x − 3x − 12 = 2x2 + 5x − 12. The trinomial looks balanced with a 6 on each end and a 5 in the middle. (3a + 2)(2a − 3) Check using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or 6a2 = (2a)(3a).501 Algebra Questions 384. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 3. Now you need only factor the difference of two simpler perfect squares. Try a balanced factor arrangement. The factors (2x)(4) = 8x and the remaining factors (x)(3) = 3x. This will result in (2)(2)(2y + 3)(2y − 3) or 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3).

2b(2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21 = 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b with those exponents? Think of a6 = (a3)2. First—−(a3)(2a3) = 2a6 Outer—−(a3)(7) = 7a3 Inner—−(−3)(2a3) = −6a3 Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (a3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) = 2a6 + 7a3 − 6a3 − 21 = 2a6 + a3 − 21. The resulting expression looks like this: 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21) The sign of the numerical term is negative. First—−(2c)(c) = 2c2 Outer—−(2c)(7) = 14c Inner—−(−3)(c) = −3c Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2c2 + 14c − 3c − 21 = 2c2 + 11c − 21. The factors (2c)(7) = 14c and the associated factors (c)(3) = 3c. The factors of the trinomial are correct. The factors (a3)(7) = 7(a3) and the factors (2(a3))(3) = 6(a3). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 2c2 = (2c)(c). The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the ﬁrst degree term is 1(a3). Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the Outer and Inner (2c − 3)(c + 7) products when using FOIL to multiply are +14c and −3c. but what’s 223 Team-LRN . So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and − because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. Each term in the polynomial has a common factor of 2b. The difference of 7 and 6 is 1. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The second-degree term 2(a3)2 = 2(a3)(a3). Now include the greatest common factor term. Then the expression becomes 2(a3)2 + (a3) − 21. Now you factor like it was a trinomial expression. 388. Check using FOIL. 3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) (a Check using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 387. The sign of the numerical term is negative. This expression appears to be in the familiar trinomial form.

(ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the term 2a2 = (2a)(a). 3x(2a + 3)(a − 8) = 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24) = 6a2x − 39ax − 72x within the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign so the signs within 224 Team-LRN . First—−(2x)(4x) = 8x2 Outer—−(2x)(3) = 6x Inner—−(−3)(4x) = −12x Last—−(−3)(3) = −9 The product of the factors (2x − 3)(4x + 3) = 8x2 + 6x − 12x − 9 = 8x2 − 6x − 9. and the corresponding 4(3) = 12. the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. The difference between 12 and 6 is 6. (2a + 3)(a − 8) First—−(2a)(a) = 2a2 Outer—−(2a)(−8) = −16a Inner—−(3)(a) = 3a Last—−(3)(−8) = −24 The result is (2a + 3)(a − 8) = 2a2 − 16a + 3a − 24 = 2a2 − 13a − 24. Factoring 3x out results in the expression 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24). The numerical term of the trinomial 1 has factors of (1)(1). and check the expression using FOIL. (2x − 3)(4x + 3) Check using FOIL. Factor the trinomial expression inside the parentheses. The factors of the numerical term 24 are (1)(24) or (2)(12) or (3)(8) or (4)(6). Now include the greatest common factor if 3x. The sign of the numerical term is negative. Place these numbers in the trinomial factor form. The numbers 2(3) = 6. Placing the numbers into the trinomial factor form is easy because there really are 390. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The factors (2a)(8) = 16a. The numerical term of the trinomial 9 has factors of (1)(9) or (3)(3). and the related factors (a)(3) = 3a. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The only factors of the second-degree term are (c)(5c). So use the second-degree term factors (2x)(4x) and the numerical factors (3)(3). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8x2 = (x)(8x) or 8x2 = (2x)(4x). What combination will result in a −6x when the Outer and Inner products of the multiplication of the trinomial factors are added together? Consider just the coefﬁcients of x and the numerical term factors. The difference of 16 and 3 is 13. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign. so the signs 391. The greatest common factor of the terms in the trinomial expression is 3x.501 Algebra Questions 389.

Factor that expression using the form for the difference of two perfect squares. Include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. Check using FOIL to multiply terms. First—−(2r)(4r) = 8r2 Outer—−(2r)(9) = 18r Inner—−(4r)(7) = 28r Last—−(7)(9) = 63 Add the result of the multiplication. Let’s look at the possibilities using the 2r and 4r. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(2) = 6x Inner—−(−2)(3x) = −6x Last—−(−2)(2) = −4 Include the greatest common factor x in the complete factorization. Bingo! (2r + 7)(4r + 9) Check using FOIL. x(3x − 2)(3x + 2) = x(9x2 − 4) = 9x3 − 4x 393. 392. The terms of the expression have a greatest common factor of x. Just place the + and − signs in the right spot and you’ve got a solution. Try 2r (21) and 4r (3) = 54r.501 Algebra Questions no choices. Check using FOIL. 2r(3) + 4r (21) = 87r is still too much. the factorization of the difference of two perfect squares is (3x − 2)(3x + 2). (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8r2 = (r)(8r) or (2r)(4r). First—−(5c)(c) = 5c2 Outer—−(5c)(−1) = −5c Inner—−(1)(c) = c Last—−(1)(−1) = −1 The product of the factors (5c + 1)(c − 1) = 5c2 − 5c + c − 1 = 5c − 4c − 1. 2r (1) + 4r (63) = 254r is too much. The terms in the trinomial expression are all positive. 2r (7) + 4r (9) = 50r. The numerical term 63 has the factors (1)(63) or (3)(21) or (7)(9). Now try 2r (9) + 4r (7) = 46r. Factoring x out of the expression results in x(9x2 − 4). The expression inside the parentheses is the difference of two perfect squares. 8r2 + 18r + 28r + 63 = 8r2 + 46r + 63 The factors check out. Nope. You need two sets of factors that when multiplied and added will result in a 46. (2r + 7)(4r + 9) = 8r2 + 46r + 63 225 Team-LRN . 9x2 = (3x)2 4 = 22 Using the form. so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be positive. Getting closer. (5c + 1)(c − 1) Check using FOIL.

(4x2 − 1) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1) (x2 − 9) = (x + 3)(x − 3) Put the factors together to complete the factorization of the original expression. Now you need to notice that the factors of the original trinomial expression are both factorable. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) = 12d2 + 16d − 9d − 12 = 12d2 + 7d − 12 This is the correct factorization of the original expression. Let’s guess at some middle of the road factors to plug in.501 Algebra Questions 394. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) 226 Team-LRN . The last sign is negative so the signs within the factor form will be a + and −. Use these factors in the trinomial factor form. 396. Why? Because they are both the difference of two perfect squares. (4d + 3)(3d − 4) Using FOIL you ﬁnd (4d + 3)(3d − 4) = 12d2 − 16d + 9d − 12 = 12d2 − 7d − 12. the expression becomes 2xy(2y2 + 3y − 5). Use FOIL to check. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. Those are the right terms but the wrong signs. Try changing the signs around. When factored out. Each term in the expression has a common factor of 2xy. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1)(x + 3)(x − 3) 395. The numerical term 9 has (1)(9) or (3)(3) as factors. (ax − ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 4x4 = (x2)(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). 1 x2 (1) =1 x2 and 36 x2 + 1x2 = 37x2. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) Check using FOIL and you will ﬁnd (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = 4x4 − 36x2 − x2 + 9 = 4x4 − 37x2 + 9. The numerical term is positive. When you think of x4 = (x2)2. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term is negative so you will use two − signs. What combination will result in a total of 37 when the Outer and Inner products are determined? 4x2(9) = 36x2. so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be the same. you can see that the expression is a trinomial that is easy to factor. Use the factor form for the difference of two perfect squares for each factor of the trinomial. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) Multiply the factors using FOIL. The negative sign in front of the numerical term tells you that the signs of the trinomial factors will be + and −. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) This expression has a nice balance to it with 12 at the extremities and a modest 7 in the middle.

The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. (2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33 = 2x2 − 19x − 33 The factorization of the trinomial factor is correct. Now include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. 2a(2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2a(2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33) = 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33) numerical term has a negative sign. The numerical term 5 has factors (5)(1). The expression within the parentheses is a trinomial and can be factored. The numerical term 40 has (1)(40) or (2)(20) or (4)(10) or (5)(8) as factors. When factored out. the resulting expression is 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33). and 22a − 3a = 19a. (2x + 3)(x − 11) Check using FOIL. and a(3) = 3a. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). and c(5) = 5c. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3c2 = c(3c). The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 2a. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +19c when the like terms are combined. use those factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the multiplication of the Outer and Inner terms results in −19x. Now include the greatest common factor of the original expression to get the complete factorization of the original expression. Only a (+)(-) = (-). 2xy(2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2xy(2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5) = 2xy(2y2 + 3x − 5) 397. Using trial and error. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the 227 Team-LRN . (2y + 5)( y − 1) Multiply using FOIL. Since 2a(11) = 22a. (3c − 5)(c + 8) = 3c2 + 24c − 5c − 40 = 3c2 + 19c − 40 The complete factorization of the original expression is (3c − 5)(c + 8). 398.501 Algebra Questions The factors of the second-degree term are 2y2 = y(2y). The numerical term 33 has (1)(33) or (3)(11) as factors. Place the factors of the second degree and the numerical terms so that the result of the Outer and Inner multiplication of terms within the factor form of a trinomial expression results in a +3x. and 24c − 5c = 19c. (2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5 = 2y2 + 3x − 5 The factors of the trinomial expression are correct. you can determine that 3c(8) = 24c. Use those factors in the factor form in such a way that you get the result you seek.

This expression is in trinomial form. the ﬁrst factor has a greatest common factor of 2. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. Let’s see: 2(2x4 + x2 − 15) = 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3) = (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 It all comes out the same. 400. Place them in position so you get the result that you want. The factors of the expression will be (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3. The numerical term 30 can be factored as (1)(30) or (2)(15) or (3)(10) or (5)(6). Did you notice that you could have used the greatest common factor method to factor out a 2 from each term in the original polynomial? If you did. (2a − 7)(a + 12) = 2a2 + 24a − 7a − 84 = 2a2 + 17a − 84 The complete factorization of the original expression is (2a − 7)(a + 12). you can see that the expression is in the trinomial form. Use the factors 2a and a as the ﬁrst terms in the factor form and use (12) and (7) as the numerical terms. The factors (4x2)(3) = 12x2 and x2(10) = 10x2 will give you 12x2 − 10x2 = 2x2 when you perform the Inner and Outer multiplications and combine like terms using FOIL with the terms in the trinomial factor form.501 Algebra Questions 399. (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 12x2 − 10x2 − 30 = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 The expression (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) is the correct factorization of the original expression. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +17a when the like terms are combined. Use x2 where you usually put a ﬁrst-degree variable. However. you would have had to factor the trinomial expression 2x4 + x2 − 15 and multiply the result by the factor 2 to equal the original expression. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The term (4x2)2 can be factored as (4x2)2 = x2(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). and 24a − 7a = 17a. but if you left the factor of 2 in the term (4x2 − 10). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). If you think of the variable as x2. 2a(12) = 24a. The trinomial you will be factoring looks like this: 4(x2)2 + 2(x2) − 30. and a(7) = 7a. Check using FOIL. So a complete factorization would be 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3). The numerical term 84 has (1)(84) or (2)(42) or (3)(28) or (4)(21) or (6)(14) or (7)(12) as factors. 228 Team-LRN . The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. you wouldn’t have done a complete factorization of the original trinomial expression.

Quadratic equations are those equations that can be written in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. the difference of two perfect squares method.Solving Quadratic Equations This chapter will give you practice in ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. In the previous chapter. where a ≠ 0. you practiced factoring polynomials by using the greatest common factor method. using the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Then. solutions for all the equations presented here can be found by factoring.) 17 Team-LRN . The solutions will be the same for equations with or without the numerical factors. Use these methods to factor the equations that have been transformed into quadratic equations. and the trinomial factor method. There will be two solutions for each quadratic equation. (Ignore numerical factors such as the 3 in the factored equation 3(x + 1)(x + 1) = 0 when ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). let each factor equal zero and solve for the variable. While there are several methods for solving quadratic equations.

36z2 + 78z = −36 424. a2 + 12a + 32 = 0 404. 8y2 + 56y + 96 = 0 414. b2 + b − 90 = 0 406. 2n2 + 20n + 42 = 0 409. 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 422. 24x2 = 3(43x − 15) 230 Team-LRN . 401. 4x2 + 4x = 15 416. x2 − 25 = 0 402. n2 − 121 = 0 403. 6b2 + 20b = −9b − 20 421. 4x2 = 81 407. 8b2 + 10b = 42 419. 9x2 + 12x = −4 417. 7a2 − 21a − 70 = 0 413. 100r2 = 196 411. 3x2 = 19x − 20 418. 7x2 = 52x − 21 423. 12r2 = 192 − 40r 425. 2x2 + x = 10 415. 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 412. 14n2 = 7n + 21 420. y2 − 15y + 56 = 0 405. 25r2 = 144 408.501 Algebra Questions Find the solutions to the following quadratic equations. 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 410.

Regardless of what symbol is used. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal zero. Combine like terms on each side. The solutions for the equation are n = 11 and n = −11. The solutions are underlined. Add 11 to both sides of the equation. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. 401. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Combine like terms on each side. 402. or [ ]. (n + 11)(n − 11) = 0 (n + 11) = 0 n + 11 − 11 = 0 − 11 n = −11 n − 11 = 0 n − 11 + 11 = 0 + 11 n = 11 231 Team-LRN . it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Combine like terms on each side. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Let the second factor equal zero. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ).501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Subtract 11 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. { }. Add 5 to both sides of the equation. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. The solutions for the equation are x = 5 and x = −5. The expression is the difference of two perfect (x + 5)(x − 5) = 0 (x + 5) = 0 x+5−5=0−5 x = −5 x−5=0 x−5+5=0+5 x=5 squares. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Let the second factor = 0. ( ).

( y − 8) = 0 Add 8 to both sides. y=7 2 − 15y + 56 = 0 are y = 8 and y = 7. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. y−7+7=0+7 Combine like terms on each side. 232 4x2 − 81 = 81 − 81 4x2 − 81 = 0 (2x + 9)(2x − 9) = 0 (2x + 9) = 0 2x + 9 − 9 = 0 − 9 2x = −9 −9 2x 2 = 2 Team-LRN . ( y − 8)(y − 7) = 0 Using the zero product property. Combine like terms on each side. subtract 4 from both sides. 406.501 Algebra Questions 403. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. (a + 8) = 0 Subtract 8 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (b + 10) = 0 b + 10 − 10 = 0 − 10 Combine like terms on each side. a+8−8=0−8 Combine like terms on each side. 404. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Divide both sides by 2. (b − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides. Using the zero product property. b = −10 Let the second factor equal zero. (a + 4)(a + 8) = 0 factor form. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. ( y − 7) = 0 Add 7 to both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Using the zero product property. Subtract 81 from both sides. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. a=−8 2 + 12a + 32 = 0 are a = − 4 The solutions for the quadratic equation a and a = − 8. b−9+9=0+9 Combine like terms on each side. y=8 Let the second factor equal zero. (b + 10)(b − 9) = 0 405. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. b=9 The solutions for the quadratic equation b2 + b − 90 = 0 are b = −10 and b = 9. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. The solutions for the equation y factor form. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (a + 4) = 0 a+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. y−8+8=0+8 Combine like terms on each side. subtract 10 from both sides. a=−4 Let the second factor equal zero.

then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Combine like terms on each side. (2n + 6)(n + 7) = 0 (2n + 6) = 0 2n + 6 − 6 = 0 − 6 2n = −6 2n −6 Divide both sides by 2. x = 42 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x2 = 81 are x = −4 2 and x = 4 2 . 2 = 2 Simplify terms. x = −4 2 Let the second factor = 0. Divide both sides by 5. Using the zero product property. Simplify. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 233 Team-LRN . 2x − 9 + 9 = 0 + 9 Combine like terms on both sides. Subtract 144 from both sides. Let the second factor = 0.501 Algebra Questions Simplify. n = −3 Let the second factor equal zero. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. Divide both sides by 5. Combine like terms on each side. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. 408. Simplify. Transform the equation so that all terms are 1 1 on one side and are equal to zero. (5r + 12) = 0 5r + 12 − 12 = 0 − 12 5r = −12 5r 5 = −12 5 r= 5 (5r − 12) = 0 5r − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 5r = 12 5r 5 −2 2 = r= 12 5 2 25 2 The solution for the quadratic equation 25r2 = 144 is r = ± 2 5 . 2x = 9 1 Divide both sides by 2. Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. 407. (2x − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides of the equation. Add 12 to both sides of the equation. (n + 7) = 0 Subtract 7 from both sides. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. 25r2 − 144 = 144 − 144 25r2 − 144 = 0 (5r + 12)(5r − 12) = 0. n+7−7=0−7 Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. n = −7 2 + 20n + 42 = 0 are n = −3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2n and n = −7. subtract 6 from both sides.

add 6 to both sides. c = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 are c = 13 and c = −2. Use the greatest common factor method. 410. Subtract 196 from both sides. 3(x2 − 12x + 36) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. the solution for the quadratic equation 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 is x = 6. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. Add 14 to both sides of the equation. r= 2 = 196 is r = ±1 2 . (x − 6) = 0 x−6+6=0+6 Combine like terms on each side. Use the greatest common factor method. 3(x − 6)(x − 6) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. x=6 Since both factors of the trinomial expression are the same. Divide both sides by 10. Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). (10r + 14) = 0 10r + 14 − 14 = 0 − 14 10r = −14 10r 10 r= (10r − 14) = 0 10r − 14 + 14 = 0 + 14 10r = 14 10r 10 14 10 2 15 10 −1 2 5 = −14 = −7 5 = = 7 5 Simplify terms. c = 13 Let the second factor equal zero. Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero.501 Algebra Questions 409. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify terms. Using the zero product property. Divide both sides by 10. add 13 to both sides. Let the second factor = 0. 234 Team-LRN . 3(c − 13)(c + 2) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. c+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. 100r2 − 196 = 196 − 196 100r2 − 196 = 0 (10r + 14)(10r − 14) = 0. The solution for the quadratic equation 100r 5 411. (c − 13) = 0 c − 13 + 13 = 0 + 13 Combine like terms on each side. (c + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. 3(c2 − 11c − 26) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Using the zero product property.

a=5 Let the second factor equal zero. a+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. Using the zero product property. y = −4 Let the second factor equal zero. Use the greatest common factor method. Use the greatest common factor method. a = −2 2 − 21a − 70 = 0 are a = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7a and a = 5. 2x2 + x − 10 = 10 − 10 2x2 + x − 10 = 0 (2x + 5)(x − 2) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 Simplify terms. add 5 to both sides. equation form. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. subtract 4 from both sides. y+3−3=0−3 Simplify. Ignore the factor 8 in the expression. x−2=0 Add 2 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Combine like terms on each side. x= 2 Let the second term equal 0. x=2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2x2 + x = 10 are x = −2 2 and x = 2. subtract 5 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. ( y + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. (a + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. Divide both sides by 2. Using the zero product property. y = −3 2 + 56y + 96 = 0 are y = −4 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8y and y = −3. 413. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. −2 1 235 Team-LRN . 414.501 Algebra Questions 412. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Using the zero product property. x−2+2=0+2 Simplify. 8( y2 + 7y + 12) = 0 8( y + 4)( y + 3) = 0 ( y + 4) = 0 y+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. 7(a2 − 3a − 10) = 0 7(a − 5)(a + 2) = 0 (a − 5) = 0 a−5+5=0+5 Combine like terms on each side.

Add 4 to both sides of the equation. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Simplify. Let the second factor equal 0. Simplify. Add 3 to both sides. 416.501 Algebra Questions 415. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. Using the zero product property. Using the zero product property. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 2. x= 2 + 4x = 15 are x = −2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x 2 and x = 1 2 . Divide both sides by 2. x= 3 Since both factors of the trinomial are the same. −2 3 236 Team-LRN . subtract 2 from both sides. Simplify. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 9x2 + 12x + 4 = −4 + 4 9x2 + 12x + 4 = 0 (3x + 2)(3x + 2) = 0 (3x + 2) = 0 3x + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3x = −2 3x 3 = −2 Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side. 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 15 − 15 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 0 (2x − 3)(2x + 5) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 x= 2 (2x − 3) = 0 2x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2x = 3 2x 2 −2 1 = Simplify terms. subtract 5 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Combine like terms on each side. the solution to the quadratic equation 9x2 + 12x = −4 is x = −2 3. Transform the equation into the familiar 1 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. Divide both sides by 3.

Simplify. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. x=5 2 = 19x − 20 are x = 1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3x 3 and x = 5. Add 20 to both sides. Subtract 42 from both sides of the equation. b= Now let the second term equal zero. x= Now let the second term equal zero. Transform the equation into the familiar 4 3 1 13 trinomial equation form. Combine like terms on each side. 7 4 3 14 237 Team-LRN . Using the zero product property. 3x2 − 19x = 19x − 19x − 20 3x2 − 19x = −20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = −20 + 20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = 0 (3x − 4)(x − 5) = 0 (3x − 4) = 0 3x − 4 + 4 = 0 + 4 3x = 4 3x 3 = Simplify terms. Simplify. x−5+5=0+5 Simplify. Simplify. add 4 to both sides. Subtract 19x from both sides. b = −3 2 + 10b = 42 are b = 1 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8b 4 and b = −3. Divide both sides by 3. 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 42 − 42 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 0 2(4b2 + 5b − 21) = 0 2(4b − 7)(b + 3) = 0 (4b − 7) = 0 4b − 7 + 7 = 0 + 7 4b = 7 4b 4 = Simplify terms. (b + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. b+3−3=0−3 Simplify. Using the zero product property.501 Algebra Questions 417. Ignore the factor 2 in the expression. Use the greatest common factor method to factor out 2. Combine like terms. 418. Divide both sides by 4. add 7 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form.

501 Algebra Questions 419. Using the zero product property. add 3 to both sides. Using the zero product property. Transform the equation into the familiar 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. b = −4 2 + 20b = −9b − 20 are The solutions for the quadratic equation 6b b= −5 −5 6 6 and b = −4. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. Simplify and add 20 to both sides of the equation. subtract 5 from both sides. Simplify and subtract 21 from both sides. n= Now set the second equal to zero. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. b+4=0 Subtract 4 from both sides. n = −1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 14n2 = 7n + 21 are n = 1 2 and n = −1. 238 Team-LRN . 420. Simplify. 14n2 − 7n = 7n − 7n + 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 21 − 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 0 7(2n2 − n − 3) = 0 7(2n − 3)(n + 1) = 0 (2n − 3) = 0 2n − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2n = 3 2n 2 = Simplify terms. Simplify. Simplify the equation. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. n+1=0 Subtract 1 from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Add 9b to both sides of the equation. Simplify. 6b2 + 20b + 9b = −9b + 9b − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 20 − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 0 (6b + 5)(b + 4) = 0 (6b + 5) = 0 6b + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 6b = −5 6b 6 = −5 Simplify terms. b+4−4=0−4 Simplify. Divide both sides by 6. Divide both sides by 2. Subtract 7n from both sides of the equation. b= 6 Now set the second factor equal to zero. n+1−1=0−1 Simplify.

Using the zero product property.501 Algebra Questions 421. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. x−7=0 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. Simplify and add 21 to both sides of the equation. x= 3 Add 6 to both sides. x= 7 Now set the second factor equal to zero. Simplify. Simplify. Divide both sides by 3. x=6 The solutions for the quadratic equation 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 are x= −4 3 −4 3 and x = 6. Using the zero product property. 422. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. x−6+6=0+6 Simplify. subtract 4 from both sides. Simplify. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. Subtract 52x from both sides of the equation. Now factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Divide both sides by 7. 7x2 − 52x = 52x − 52x − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 21 − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 0 (7x − 3)(x − 7) = 0 (7x − 3) = 0 7x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 7x = 3 7x 7 = 3 3 7 Simplify terms. x−7+7=0+7 Simplify. x=7 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7x2 = 52x − 21 are x = 7 and x = 7. 239 Team-LRN . add 3 to both sides. 5(3x2 − 14x − 24) = 0 5(3x + 4)(x − 6) = 0 (3x + 4) = 0 3x + 4 − 4 = 0 − 4 3x = −4 3x 3 = −4 Simplify terms.

Ignore the numerical factor and set the ﬁrst factor equal to zero. Combine like terms. Divide both sides by 3. Factor out the greatest common factor from each term. Now let the second factor equal zero. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 423. r = −6 Now set the second factor = 0. 3r − 8 = 0 Add 8 to both sides. (r + 6) = 0 Subtract 6 from both sides. out of each term. Simplify terms. set one factor = 0. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. 4. Add 36 to both sides of the equation. 3r − 8 + 8 = 0 + 8 Simplify. 3r = 8 Divide both sides by 3. 4(3r2 + 10r − 48) = 0 Now factor the trinomial expression. 424. r= The solutions for the quadratic equation 12r2 = 192 − 40r are r = −6 and r = 2 3 . 240 2 8 3 2 23 Team-LRN . 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 0 Factor the greatest common factor. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 2. r+6−6=0−6 Simplify. Subtract 2 from both sides. Simplify terms. 3r 3 = Simplify terms. Factor the trinomial expression into two factors. Add (40r − 192) to both sides of the equation. The solutions for the quadratic equation and z = −2 36z2 + 78z + 36 = −36 + 36 36z2 + 78z + 36 = 0 6(6z2 + 13z + 6) = 0 6(2z + 3)(3z + 2) = 0 (2z + 3) = 0 2z + 3 − 3 = 0 − 3 2z = −3 2z 2 = −3 2 z= 2 (3z + 2) = 0 3z + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3z = −2 3z 3 −1 1 = −2 z= 36z2 −2 3 1 3 + 78z = −36 are z = −1 2 3 . Subtract 3 from both sides. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 192 − 40r + 40r − 192 Combine like terms. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. 4(r + 6)(3r − 8) = 0 Ignoring the numerical factor.

x= 8 Now let the second factor = 0. Add (15 − 43x) to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 425. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Simplify terms. x=5 The solutions for the quadratic equation 24x2 = 3 (43x − 15) are x= 3 8 and x = 5. Factor the trinomial expression. = 3 8x2 = 43x − 15 24x2 3 3(43x − 15) 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 43x − 15 + 15 − 43x 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 0 8x2 − 43x + 15 = 0 (8x − 3)(x − 5) = 0 8x − 3 = 0 8x 8 = 3 3 8 Simplify terms. Combine like terms. add 3 to both sides and divide by 8. Using the zero product property. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. 241 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property to move terms.

The number The radical sign under the radical sign is called the radicand. The symbol ± 18 Tips for Simplifying Radicals Simplify radicals by completely factoring the radicand and taking out the square root. Then you look for square roots that can be factored out of the radicand. It is understood in mathematics that or + is telling you to ﬁnd the positive root. one positive and one negative. you will need to know how to operate with radicals. You will not always be able to factor polynomials by factoring whole numbers and whole number coefﬁcients. tells you to ﬁnd the root of a number. you to ﬁnd the negative root. a number has two roots. Team-LRN . The most thorough method for factoring is to do a prime factorization of the radicand. Nor do all trinomials with whole numbers have whole numbers for solutions.Simplifying Radicals This chapter will give you practice in operating with radicals. Generally. The symbol − tells asks for both roots. In the last chapters.

If you get rid of the denominator within the radical sign. ﬁrst divide the terms in front of the radicals..501 Algebra Questions e. It is improper form for the radicand to be a fraction. or 28 = 4x3 = 2·2·7= 2·2· 7=2 7 x·x· x = 2x x 2·2·x·x·x= 2·2· You may also recognize perfect squares within the radicand. you will no longer have a fractional radicand. 429. 6√10 3√2 = 6 3 10 2 =2 5 Simplify the following radical expressions.. This is known as rationalizing the denominator.. radicals can be added and subtracted as if the radicals were variables.g. e. e. e. e. 427. and then divide the radicands.g. 4 3·7 5=4·7 3 · 5 = 28 15 Quotient property of radicals When dividing radicals.g. multiply the terms in front of the radicals.g. then multiply the radicands and put that result under the radical sign. 2x 5 = 2x 5 · 5 5 = 10x 52 = 1 52 · 10x = 1 5 10x When there is a radical in the denominator. 426. 3 3 + 2 3 = 5 3 or 5 x − 2 x=3 x Product property of radicals When multiplying radicals. 12 300 3n2 24x5 243 Team-LRN .. 428. Then you can simplify their roots out of the radical sign.g. you can rationalize the expression as follows: 3 √6 = 3 √6 · √6 √6 = 3√6 6 = 1 2 6 If the radicands are the same.

24 · 6 6√126 √18 244 Team-LRN . 440. 3 436. 442. −2√98 √2 √27 √72 −4 3· · 10 3 27 4 3 √15 · √105 −3 449. 441. 5 64 444. 446. 445. (9 438. 447. 2 437. 434. 448. 3+7 3+2 5 7−3 28 b) a2b)(3a 5 · 3 15 16 9 56 4 · 32 √160 √2 √150 √3 8 443. 432. 3 450. 431. 433. 2 439. 50a2b 5 4 3 √7 √12xy √x 435.501 Algebra Questions 3x2 4 430.

factor the radicand and 3·n·n=n 24x5 = look for squares. or [ ]. First. 427. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. First. 3x2 4 = 3·x·x 2·2 = 3· = 1 x 2 x·x 2·2 Factoring out the squares leaves This result can be written a few different ways. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Take out the square roots. First. factor the radicand. Now take out the square root. Although it looks complex. 426. factor the radicand. factor the radicand and look for x 2 √3x 2 3· x·x 2·2 3. 50a2b = 2·5·5·a·a·b 2b 2 · 5 · 5 · a · a · b = 5a 245 Team-LRN . 431. 6·2·2·x·x·x·x·x 6x = 2x2 6x 6 · 2 · 2 · x · x · x · x · x = 2x · x 430. 2·2·3=2 3 300 = 3 · 10 · 10 Now take out the square root. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 428. ( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used. 429. First. 3= = √3 2x = 2x 3 squares. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. First. you can still begin by factoring the terms in the radical sign. 3 · 10 · 10 = 10 3 3n2 = 3·n·n 3 Now take out the square root. 12 = 2·2·3 Now take out the square root of any pair of factors or any perfect squares you recognize. Underlined expressions show simpliﬁed result. factor the radicand. { }.

add the “like terms’’ as if √12xy √x = √12xy √x · √x √x √12xy √x · √x √x = √12xyx x √12xyx x = √3 · 4x2y x √3 · 4x2y x = 2 2x√3y x 3y. (9 the expression. In this case. Factoring out the square roots results in The x in the numerator and the denominator divides out. For this expression. 436. a2b)(3a b) = 9 · 3a a2b · b = 27a 2 a2b2 = 27a · ab = 27a2b 5 · 3 15 = 2 · 3 5 · 15 438. multiply the expression by 1 in a form suitable for this purpose. In the denominator. Simplify the second term of the expression by factoring the radicand. that is to get the radical out of the denominator. leaving 435. 2 2 7 − 3 28 = 2 7 − 3 4 · 7 7−3 4·7=2 7−3·2 7 2 7 − 6 7 = −4 7 437. First. you must rationalize the 5 4 = √5 √4 = √5 √2 · 2 = √5 2 denominator. Use the product property of radicals to combine the radicands in the numerator. 3 3 + 7 3 + 2 5 = 10 3 + 2 5 The radical terms cannot be added further because the radicands are different.501 Algebra Questions 432. use the product property of radicals and combine the factors in the radicand and outside the radical signs. a square root times itself is the radicand by itself. Finally. In this expression. Use the identity property of multiplication and multiply the expression by 1 in a form useful for your purposes. Now factor the radicand. rationalize the denominator for this 3 √7 = 3 √7 · √7 √7 = 3√7 7 expression. 434. the similar radicals were similar variables. combine like terms. 433. As in the previous problem. For this expression. Then see if it can be simpliﬁed any further. Use the quotient property of radicals and rationalize the denominator. Now simplify the radicand. Use the product property of radicals to simplify 246 Team-LRN .

You can multiply and then factor or just factor ﬁrst. Use the product property in the numerator. √16 √9 · 32 = 32 = · · 32 32 · · 32 = 4 3 16 · 2 = 4 3 ·4 2= 56 4 √56 √4 16√2 3 √56 2 440. √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 5 · 3√2 3 = 5 · 3√2 3 =5 2 247 Team-LRN . You should recognize the perfect squares 9 and 16. 6 5 · 15 = 6 75 = 6 25 · 3 = 6 · 5 Or if you just factor the radicand. The common factor in both the numerator and denominator divides out. Simplify the fraction and factor the radicand of the second radical term. Factor the radicand seeking perfect squares.501 Algebra Questions Now look for a perfect square in the radicand. 442. numerator and look for perfect squares. factor the radicand in the = = √56 2 = √4 · 14 2 = 2√14 2 14. Now use the quotient property to simplify the ﬁrst radical. and you are left with 441. 6 5 · 15 = 6 5 · 5 · 3 = 6 · 5 439. Use the quotient property to get the denominator out of the radicand. Now simplify the radicand by factoring so that any perfect squares will come out of the radical sign. Rationalize the denominator. You can start by using the product property 16 9 16 9 3 = 30 3 3 = 30 3 16 9 √16 √9 to simplify the expression. For this term. but let’s try another way. You could proceed in the same way as the previous √160 √2 = √4 · 4 · 2 · 5 √2 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · √5 √2 4√2 · √5 √2 =4 5 solution. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator and you’re done. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and the denominator. √150 √3 · √3 √3 = √150 · √3 √3 · √3 = √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 = = √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 Simplify the numerator. you will see the perfect square as 5 times 5. Use the product property to simplify the numerator.

You will have to rationalize the denominator. Begin simplifying this term by rationalizing the −2√98 5 8 64 √8 = 5 √64 5√4 · 2 8 5 · 2√2 8 √8 5 √64 = 5√4 · 2 8 = 5 · 2√2 8 = 5√2 4 · √2 = √2 · √2 denominator. 2 √2 · √2 Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator. Using the product property. Then factor the radicand looking for perfect −2√98 · 2 squares. Factor the numerator and simplify the perfect square in the denominator. Use the commutative property of multiplication. 446. 444. simplify the numerator and write the product of the −2√98 · √2 −2√98 · 2 = term in the denominator. The expression is ﬁne the way it is. Factor the radicand in the last radical. Now rationalize the denominator. You can simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator by a factor of 3. Factor 2 out of the numerator and denominator. √2 −2√98 · √2 but ﬁrst factor the radicands and look for perfect squares. Simplify terms by using the product property in the numerator and multiplying terms in the denominator. Now use the quotient property to continue simplifying. 248 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 443. Simplify the perfect squares in the numerator and denominator. −4 −4 −4 −4 √27 √72 = √9 · 3 √36 · 2 3√3 6√2 = = 3√3 6√2 √3 2√2 √3 2√2 · √2 √2 = √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 √6 4 √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 = √3 · 2 2·2 = 3· 3· 27 = −4 9 · 3 = −4 3· 9·3 Simplify the perfect square. put all terms 3·3 3 3· 3 3 · 3 3 = −4 · 3 · ·3· 3· 3 = −12 · 3 = −36 4 3 in one radical sign. Now simplify terms. √2 Using the product property. The 5 becomes part of the numerator. 447. = − 49 · 2 · 2 = −7 · 2 = −14 2 445. or it could be written as · 10 3 4 · 10 3·3 = = 4 · 10 3·3 √4 · 10 √9 √4 · 10 √9 = 2 3 2√10 3 10. Simplify the numerator. You use the quotient property to begin rationalizing the denominator.

= 3 = 3 =6 7 3 6√126 √18 · √18 √18 = 6√126 · √18 18 249 Team-LRN . Why? Because you will then have the product of two identical radicals. 18 3 3 Simplify the numerator and divide out common factors in the √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 9 · 2√7 18√7 numerator and denominator. Another way is to multiply 6 and 24 to get 144. 3 24 · 6 = 3 4 · 6 · 6 = 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 Simplify the radical.501 Algebra Questions 448. Begin by factoring the radicand of the second radical. another perfect square. 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 = 3 · 2 · 6 = 36 Use the product property to simplify the 6√126 · √18 6√126 · 18 = numerator. There is more than one way to simplify √15 · √105 −3 = √15 · √15 · 7 −3 √15 · √15 · 7 −3 = √15 · √15 · √7 −3 15√7 −3 = 15√7 −3 = −5 7 an expression. Begin by rationalizing the denominator. Now use the product property to separate the factors of the second radical term into two radical terms. 450. Now simplify the whole numbers. 18 18 Simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator. Then factor the radicand 6√126 · 18 √9 · 7 · 2 · 2 · 9 √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 = = and look for perfect squares. Then 3 times 12 equals 36. 449. 3 24 · 6 = 3 24 · 6 Now factor the terms in the radicand and look for perfect squares. Start this one by using the product property to combine the radicands.

When you use a radical to solve an equation. it is called an extraneous solution. there is said to be no solution. Isolate the radical on one side of an equation before using the squaring property. However. Squaring a radical results in the radical symbol disappearing. When one of the solutions does not work. then a2 = b2. if a = b. When neither solution works in the original equation. the focus here is to use radicals to solve equations. 19 Tips for Solving Radical Equations ■ ■ ■ Squaring both sides of an equation is a valuable tool when solving radical equations. e.. An equation is considered a radical equation when the radicand contains a variable.Solving Radical Equations This chapter will give you more practice operating with radicals.g. Team-LRN . You should always check your results in the original equation to see that both solutions work. you must be aware of the positive and negative roots. Use the following property: When a and b are algebraic expressions. ( x + 5)2 = x + 5.

x = + 10 251 Team-LRN . −7 3x + 46 + 24 = 38 = 10 − 13x + 43 − 4 = 29 =7 8 − 2x 2x + 3 x + 12 7x − 10 7 467. 2 455. x2 = 135 453.501 Algebra Questions ■ For second degree equations. 474. 4x + 3 = 2x 2 − 2x = x 3 2x 475. Solve the following radical equations. 28 √5x + 1 469. 457. x = 470. 459. 451. 460. 458. 466. x = 471. 3 468. use the radical sign on both sides of the equation to ﬁnd a solution for the variable. 456. 3 463. 461. x = 473. Check your answers. x2 = 64 452. Watch for extraneous solutions. 462. 3 n = 13 a = 24 2x − 4 = 4 4x + 6 = 6 3x + 4 + 8 = 12 5x − 4 + 3 = 12 4x + 9 = −13 5x − 6 + 3 = 11 9 − x + 14 = 25 3x + 1 = 15 −x + 7 = 22 100x − 1 25x + 39 464. x = 472. 454. 3 = 10 − 465.

check out. or [ ]. x2 = 135 x = 135 = 9 · 15 = ±3 15 (3 15)2 = 135 32( 15)2 = 135 9(15) = 135 135 = 135 (−3 15)2 = 135 (−3)2( 15)2 = 135 (9)(15) = 135 135 = 135 ( n)2 = 132 n = 169 169 = 13 Check the second solution in the original equation. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. only the positive root n = 13 is to be 252 Team-LRN . Check the second solution in the original equation. 451. Check by substituting in the original equation. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). x = ±3 15. Simplify both terms. The original equation asks for only the positive root of n. Show both solutions for the square root of 64. Regardless of what symbol is used. ( ). it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. The solution is underlined. Both solutions. Use the radical sign on both sides of the equation. Use the radical sign on both sides of the x2 = 64 x = ±8 (8)2 = 64 64 = 64 (−8)2 = 64 64 = 64 equation. First.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. 453. 452. x = ±8. square both sides of the equation. check out. Both solutions. Simplify the radical. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. { }. So when you substitute 169 into the original equation. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation.

5) + 6 = 6 36 = 6 6=6 3x + 4 = 4 ( 3x + 4)2 = 42 3x + 4 = 16 x=4 3(4) + 4 + 8 = 12 16 + 8 = 12 4 + 8 = 12 12 = 12 radical. Square both sides of the equation. as the radical equations become more complex. Subtract 4 from both sides and divide by 3. 454. 2√a 2 = 24 2 a = 12 ( a)2 = 122 a = 144 2 144 = 24 2(12) = 24 24 = 24 2x − 4 + 4 = 4 + 4 2x = 8 ( 2x)2 = 82 2x = 64 x = 32 2(32) − 4 = 4 64 − 4 = 4 8 − 4 = 4. Simplify terms. Subtract 8 from both sides in order to isolate the = 7. Now square both sides of the equation. Subtract 6 from both sides of the equation. 13 = 13 checks out. The solution x = 4 checks out.5 checks out.501 Algebra Questions considered. 4 = 4 ( 4x + 6)2 = 62 4x + 6 = 36 4x = 30 x= 30 4 Combine like terms on each side. Isolate the radical on one side of the equation. 456. 457. The solution a = 144 checks out. Simplify terms. Check the solution in the original equation. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Check the solution in the original equation. Check your solution in the original equation. this will become important. Divide both sides by 4 and simplify. Simplify terms. 253 Team-LRN . Square both sides of the equation. Although this may seem trivial at this point.5 4(7. Check the solution in the original equation. Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by 2. The solution x = 7. The solution x = 32 checks out. Square both sides of the equation. 455. Begin by adding 4 to both sides to isolate the radical.

5x − 6 = 8 ( 5x − 6)2 = 8 2 5x − 6 = 64 x = 14 5(14) − 6 + 3 = 11 64 + 3 = 11 8 + 3 = 11 11 = 11 9 − x = 11 9 − x = 121 −x = 112 x = −112 9 − (−112) + 14 = 25 121 + 14 = 25 25 = 25 Now square both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. The solution x = 14 checks out. Multiply both sides by negative 1 to solve for x. 459. Simplify terms. Check the solution in the original equation. The square root of 121 is 11. Substitute the solution in the original equation. Simplify terms under the radical sign. Add 4 to both sides and then divide by 5. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation isolating the radical. Find the positive square root of 81. The solution does not check out. Simplify the expression under the radical. Subtract 9 from both sides. Add 6 to both sides and divide the result by 5.501 Algebra Questions 458. There is no solution for this equation. Square both sides of the equation. Subtract 3 from both sides isolating the radical. 460. The solution x = 17 checks out. 461. Check the solution in the original equation. Simplify terms on both sides. Simplify. Square both sides of the equation. Check your solution in the original equation. 5x − 4 = 9 ( 5x − 4)2 = 92 5x − 4 = 81 x= 85 5 = 17 5(17) − 4 + 3 = 12 81 + 3 = 12 9 + 3 = 12 12 = 12 ( 4x + 9)2 = (−13)2 4x + 9 = 169 x = 40 4(40 + 9) = −13 169 = −13 13 ≠ −13 Simplify terms on both sides of the equation. Add 14 and the solution x = −112 checks. Subtract 9 from both sides and then divide by 4. The radical sign calls for the positive square root. Subtract 14 from both sides to isolate the radical. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 254 Team-LRN . Find the positive square root of 64 and add 3. Square both sides of the equation.

Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 464. Square both sides of the equation. Now subtract 3 from both sides. 463. Square both sides of the equation. 3x + 1 = 5 ( 3x + 1)2 = 52 3x + 1 = 25 x=8 3 3(8) + 1 = 15 3 25 = 15 3(5) = 15 15 = 15 = 15 =5 −x)2 = 52 ( −x = 25 x = −25 3 −(−25) + 7 = 22 3 25 + 7 = 22 3(5) + 7 = 22 15 + 7 = 22 22 = 22 −x 3 −x Divide both sides by 3 to isolate the radical. Subtract 46 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3.501 Algebra Questions 462. To isolate the radical. The solution x = 50 checks out. Subtract 1 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. The solution x = 8 checks out. 255 Team-LRN . Add 100x − 1 to both sides of the equation. Simplify terms under the radical. Multiply 3 by the positive root of 25. Add 1 to both sides of the equation and divide by 100. 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 − Combine like terms and simplify the equation.5 checks out. Subtract 24 from both sides to isolate the radical. Simplify terms. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Simplify terms. Check the solution in the original equation. 100x − 1 + 100x − 1 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 100x − 1 = 7 100x − 1 = 49 x = 0. Square both sides of the equation. The equation asks you to subtract the positive square root of 49 from 10. Check the solution in the original equation.5) − 1 49 465. Check the solution in the original equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Multiply both sides by negative 1. The solution x = 0.5 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 7 3=3 3x + 46 = 14 3x + 46 = 196 x = 50 3(50) + 46 + 24 = 38 196 + 24 = 38 14 + 24 = 38 38 = 38 100(0. Check the solution in the original equation. Subtract 7 from both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. Use the positive square root of 25. The solution x = −25 checks out. divide both sides by 3.

x = 10 −7 = 10 − 25(10) + 39 Check the solution in the original equation. The solution 3 = x checks out. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. 469. Square both sides of the equation. Divide the numerator by the positive square root of 16. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign.501 Algebra Questions 466. Subtract 43 from both sides and divide by 13. −7 = 10 − Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Add 25x + 39 to both sides of the equation. Check the solution in the original equation. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. (Refer to Chapter 16 for practice and tips for 256 Team-LRN . add 4 to both sides and divide the result by 3. Subtract 1 from both sides and divide the result by 5. 25x + 39 = 17 Square both sides. Solve for x by factoring using the trinomial factor form and setting each factor equal to zero and solving for x. 289 The equation asks you to subtract the positive −7 = 10 − 17 square root of 289 from 10. The solution x = 6 checks out. Square both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Evaluate the left side of the equation. 13x + 43 = 11 13x + 43 = 121 x=6 3 13(6) + 43 − 4 = 29 3 121 − 4 = 29 3(11) − 4 = 29 29 = 29 multiply both sides by 5x + 1. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 − 25x + 39 + 25x + 39 Combine like terms and simplify the equation. x2 + 2x − 8 = 0 The result is a quadratic equation. Check the solution in the original equation. x2 = 8 − 2x Transform the equation by putting all terms on one side. 468. 25x + 39 = 289 Subtract 39 from both sides and divide the result by 25. −7 = −7 The solution x = 10 checks out. The radical is alone on one side. 467. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Square 28 = 7 5x + 1 4 = 5x + 1 16 = 5x + 1 3=x 28 √5(3) + 1 28 √16 28 4 =7 =7 =7 7=7 both sides.

501 Algebra Questions factoring quadratic equations. 470. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. x cannot equal −4. Therefore. x = 3 and/or −1. Check the solution in the original equation. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. Subtract 2 from both sides. Letting each factor equal zero and solving for x results in two possible solutions. Then check the solutions in the original equation. Put it into standard form and factor the equation using the trinomial factor form to ﬁnd the solutions. x = −4 is an example of an extraneous root. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. x= −1 is an extraneous root. Check the solution in the original equation. The positive square root of 4 is 2. Therefore. With the radical alone on one side of the x2 + 2x − 8 = (x + 4)(x − 2) = 0 x+4=0 x = −4 (−4) = 8 − 2(−4) −4 −4 = 16 ≠4 x−2=0 x=2 (2) = 8 − 2(2) 2= 4 2=2 equation. square both sides. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. The radical sign calls for a positive root. Therefore x ≠ −1. x2 = 2x + 3 x2 − 2x − 3 = (x − 3)(x + 1) = 0 (3) = (−1) = ≠1 2(3 + 3) = 2(−1) + 3 = 9=3 −1 1=1 257 Team-LRN .) It will be important to check each solution. The solution checks out. the only solution for the equation is x = 2. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. Subtract 4 from both sides. The only solution for the original equation is x = 3.

Factor the equation to ﬁnd the solutions and check in the original equation. x−4=0 x=4 Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. Subtract (7x − 10) from both sides of the equation. (−3) = (−3) + 12 You could simplify the expression under the radical sign to get the square root of 9. So. Now check the second solution to the quadratic equation in the original. x = 2 and x = 5. Square both sides of the equation. 5 = 25 or 5 = 5 The solution x = 5 is a solution to the original equation. (4) = (4) + 12 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. x + 3 = 0 x = −3 Check each solution in the original equation to rule out an extraneous solution. and check each in the original equation to rule out any extraneous solution.501 Algebra Questions 471. and the left side of the original equation when x = −3 is a negative number. However. The second factor will give the solution x = 2. x2 − 7x + 10 = (x − 5)(x − 2) = 0 The ﬁrst factor will give you the solution x = 5. (2) = 7(2) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. x2 − x − 12 = 0 The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions. x = −3 is not a solution. x2 − x − 12 = (x − 4)(x + 3) = 0 Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. the radical sign indicates that the positive solution is called for. x2 = x + 12 Subtract (x + 12) from both sides of the equation. 4 = 16 The solution x = 4 checks out. 2 = 4 or 2 = 2 There are two solutions to the original equation. x2 − 7x + 10 = 0 Factor the quadratic equation to ﬁnd the solutions. (5) = 7(5) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 472. Check the ﬁrst solution for the quadratic equation in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. 258 x2 = 7x − 10 Team-LRN .

501 Algebra Questions 473. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. x = 1. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction. 1 2 2 − 7 (−4) = (−4) 2 16 = (−4) or 4 = −4 259 Team-LRN .5.5 for x in the original equation.5 for x in the original equation. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. This is not true. When you substitute −0. x = −0. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. 474. The only solution for the original equation is x = 1. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. Square both sides of the equation. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. Square both sides of the radical equation.5) 9 = 3 or 3 = 3 Subtract (2 − from both sides of the equation. the result will be 1 = −1. Factor using the trinomial factor form. 7 2 x) 4x + 3 = 4x2 4x2 − 4x − 3 = 0 4x2 − 4x − 3 = (2x + 1)(2x − 3) = 0 2x + 1 = 0.5) + 3 = 2(1.5 4(1.5 2x − 3 = 0. Transform the equation into a quadratic equation. There is one solution 1 for the original equation. 1 2 2 − 2 x = x2 0 = x2 + 2 x − 2 0 = 2x2 + 7x − 4 2x2 + 7x − 4 = (2x − 1)(x + 4) = 0 2x − 1 = 0.5. Factor the result using the trinomial factor form. so x = 1 2 7 7 x + 4 = 0. so x ≠ −0. x = 2 . Simplify the expression under the radical sign. That cannot be true for the original equation. Simplify the expression. Check the solution x = −4 in the original equation. so x = −4 2 − 7(1) = (2) 2 2 2− 1 2 7 4 1 = 2 − 13 = 4 1 4 = 1 2 = So x = is a solution. Substitute 1. Simplify the terms on each side of the equal sign.

2 ( 2 2 ) + 10 2 A negative number cannot be equal to a positive square root as the radical sign in the original expression calls for. Add ( 2x − 10) to both sides of the equation. x = 4 and/or x = −2 2 . 1 Therefore. Square both sides of the equation. Letting each factor of the trinomial factors equal zero results in two possible solutions for the original 1 equation. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. 260 Team-LRN . The only solution for this equation is x = 4. Check the second possible solution 3 − 1 −2 1 = in the original equation. 4 = 16 or 4 = 4 The solution x = 4 checks out as a solution for the original equation. −3 x2 = 2 x + 10 x2 − 2 x − 10 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = (x − 4)(2x + 5) = 0 3 3 4= 3 (4) 2 + 10 Simplify the radical expression. Multiply the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction.501 Algebra Questions 475. Factor using the trinomial factor form. x = −2 2 is not a solution to the original equation.

The solutions found using the bx + c = 0. b. where a. and c are numbers. you will have the opportunity to practice solving equations using the quadratic formula. The quadratic formula will allow you to ﬁnd solutions for any quadratic equation that can be put in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. Some will be in the form of a radical.20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula In this chapter. The ± in the quadratic equation tells you that there will be two solutions. as when the radicand is equal to a negative number. Some will be undeﬁned. Team-LRN . but factoring is useful only for those equations that can easily be factored. In Chapter 17 you practiced using factoring to solve quadratic equations. Some solutions will be in the form of whole numbers or fractions. one when you add the radical and one when you subtract it. The quadratic formula tells you that for any equation in the form ax2 + −b ± √b2 − 4ac . the solution will be x = 2a quadratic formula are also called the roots of the equation.

x2 = 20x − 19 490. x2 + 7x = 5 489. 14x2 = 12x + 32 482. 1 2 3x + 4x − 3 = 0 3 495. be sure to simplify the radical as you practiced in Chapter 18. x2 + 2x − 15 = 0 477. and c in the quadratic equation to determine the solution for the original equation.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula ■ ■ ■ Transform the equation into the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. x2 + 10x + 12 = 0 492. 23x2 = 2(8x − 1) 491. 5x2 − 12x + 1 = 0 262 Team-LRN . b. 6x2 + 13x − 28 = 0 479. 2x2 = 27 484. Solve the following equations using the quadratic formula. For solutions that contain a radical. 3x2 + 11x − 7 = 0 486. Reduce answers to their simplest form or to the simplest radical form. Use the values for a. you can use a calculator to ﬁnd the value of the radical. 18x2 + 9x + 1 = 0 480. When you are asked to ﬁnd the solution to the nearest hundredth. 3x2 + 5x = 0 483. 6x2 + 17x = 28 481. 5x2 + 52x + 20 = 0 487. 7x2 = 4(3x + 1) 494. 476. x2 = −5x −2 2 488. 24x2 + 18x − 6 = 0 493. Use of a calculator is recommended. 5x2 = 18x − 17 485. 2x2 − 7x − 30 = 0 478.

5s2 + 12s − 1 = 0 500. 496. 4y2 = 16y − 5 499. 4c2 − 11c + 2 = 0 501. 11r2 − 4r − 7 = 0 497. 11k2 − 32k + 10 = 0 263 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Find the solution to the following equations to the nearest hundredth. 3m2 + 21m − 8 = 0 498.

5. The two solutions for the variable x are x = 3 and x = −5. a = 2 b = −7 x= −(−7) c = −30 ± √(−7)2 − 4(2)(−30) 2(2) x= 7 ± √49 − (−240) 4 = 7 ± √289 4 = 7 ± 17 4 x= x= 7 + 17 4 7 − 17 4 = = 24 4 = 6 and −10 − 4 = 2. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. b. { }. The equation is in the proper form. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 476. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 477. Find the two solutions for x by simplifying terms. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. First add the terms in the numerator. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). and c. 264 Team-LRN . Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Regardless of what symbol is used. The solutions are underlined. and c. or [ ]. Evaluate the square root of 64. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. a = 1 b = 2 c = −15 x= x= x= −(2) ± √(2)2 − 4(1)(−15) 2(1) − (−60) 2 −2±√4 −2 = −2 ± √64 2 ±8 2 x= x= −2 +8 2 −2 − 8 2 = = 6 2 = 3 and −10 − 2 = 5 First. ( ). the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. b. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The equation is in the proper form. and then subtract them. list the values for a. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. list the values for a. Simplify the expression.5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 6 and x = −2. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. First.

Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 265 Team-LRN . First. Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. and c. a = 6 b = 13 c = −28 x= x= −(13) −13 ± √(13)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) ± √169 + 672 12 = −13 ± √841 12 = −13 ± 29 12 x= x= + 29 12 −13 − 29 12 −13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 479. b. Simplify the expression. 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 28 − 28 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 0 a = 6 b = 17 c = −28 x= x= −(17) ± √(17)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) −17 ± √289 + 672 12 = −17 ± √961 12 = −17 ± 31 12 x= x= + 31 12 −17 − 31 12 −17 = = 1 14 1 12 = 1 6 and −48 − 12 = 4 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 1 6 and x = −4. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. list the values for a. b. 16 1 12 = 1 3 and −42 1 = 12 = −3 2 1 1 1 3 and x = −3 2 . = First. The equation is in the proper form. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. list the values for a.501 Algebra Questions 478. First transform the equation into the −6 −1 +3 36 = 36 = 6 −12 −1 x = 36 = 3 −1 −1 = 6 and x = 3 . Combine like terms on both sides. The equation is in the proper form. x= −9 and proper form. b. and c. and c. a = 18 b = 9 c = 1 x= x= −(9) ± √(9)2 − 4(18)(1) 2(18) −9 ± √81 − 72 36 = −9 ± √9 36 = −9 ±3 36 The two solutions for the variable x are x 480. Subtract 88 from both sides of the equation. Now list the values for a.

Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. b. a = 14 b = −12 c = −32 Substitute the values into the −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(14)(−32) quadratic equation. and c. Subtract 27 from both sides of the +5 6 −5 − 5 x= 6 2 = −1 3 . 482. and then your values would be a = 3. = Yes. there appears to be no coefﬁcient for the x term unless you realize that 0x = 0. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. First transform the equation into the proper form. In this equation. Simplify the expression. you could have divided both sides of the equation by 2 before listing your a. x= 2(14) Simplify the expression. However. x= 12 ± √144 + 1792 28 = 12 ± √1936 28 = 12 ± 44 28 x= x= 12 + 44 28 12 − 44 28 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 56 28 = 2 and −32 1 = 28 = −1 7 1 2 and x = −1 7 .501 Algebra Questions 481. Add (−12x − 32) to both sides of the equation. Try it yourself. and c = 0. 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 12x + 32 − 12x − 32 Combine like terms. b = 5. −5 = = 0 6 = 0 and −10 − 2 6 = 13 equation. But you could write it as 3x2 + 5x + 0 = 0. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. x= 2(2) Simplify the expression. The equation may not appear to be in proper form because there is no value for c. a = 2 b = 0 c = −27 Substitute the values into the −(0) ± √(0)2 − 4(2)(−27) quadratic equation. 2x2 − 27 = 27 − 27 or 2x2 − 27 = 0. 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 0 Now list the values for a. x= ± √216 2(2) = ± √9 · 4 · 6 2(2) = ± 3 · 2√6 2(2) = ± 3√6 2 266 Team-LRN . and c. So you could write the equation in the proper form like this: 2x2 + 0x − 27 = 0 Now list the values for a. b. and c values. the solution would have been the same. x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(3)(0) 2(3) x=− x= 5 ± √25 − 0 6 = −5 ±5 6 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 0 and x 483.

267 Team-LRN . Subtract 18x and add 17 to both sides. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a. List the values of a. Since there is no rational number equal to the square root of a negative number.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the radical. there are no solutions for this equation.4 and x = −10. a = 5 b = 52 c = 20 x= x= −(52) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 205. 485. b. and c. Simplify the expression. x= x= + 48 10 − 52 − 48 10 −52 = = −4 − 10 = 0.4 and −100 − 10 = 10 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −0. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. ± 3√6 2 = ± 12 1 1 6 6. Transform the equation into the desired form. The two solutions for the variable x are x = ± 1 2 484. Now list the values for a. and c. Simplify the expression. ± √(52)2 − 4(5)(20) 2(5) −52 ± √2704 − 400 10 = −52 ± √2304 10 = −52 ± 48 10 Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 18x − 18x − 17 + 17 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 0 a = 5 b = −18 c = 17 x= x= −(−18) ± √(−18)2 − 4(5)(17) 2(5) 18 ± √324 − 340 10 = 18 ± √−16 10 and c. Combine like terms on both sides. a = 3 b = 11 c = −7 x= x= −(11) ± √(11)2 − 4(3)(−7) 2(3) −11 ± √121 + 84 6 5 1 6 = −11 ± √205 6 = −1 6 ± 5 1 6 205 The solutions for the variable x are x = −1 6 ± 486. Simplify the expression. b.

Then add 5x + 2 to both sides of the equation. b. x2 − 20x + 19 = 0 a = 1 b = −20 c = 19 x= −(−20) ± √(−20)2 − 4(1)(19) 2(1) Simplify the expression. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a. Simplify the expression. x2 + 7x − 5 = 0 a = 1 b = 7 c = −5 x= x= 1 −(7) ± √(7)2 − 4(1)(−5) 2(1) −7 ± √49 + 20 2 1 2 = −7 ± √69 2 = −3 2 ± 1 1 2 69 The solution for the variable x is x = −3 2 ± 489. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a. b. b. List the values of a. multiply both sides of the equation by 2. Simplify the expression. Transform the equation by subtracting 5 from both sides. Transform the equation by subtracting 69. 20x and adding 19 to both sides of the equation. Subtract 16x and add 2 to both sides. x= Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. and c. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the right side of the equation. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 490. and c. x= x= 20 ± √400 − 76 2 = 20 ± √324 2 = 20 ±18 2 20 + 18 2 20 − 18 2 = = 38 2 = 19 2 2 =1 and The two solutions for the variable x are x = 19 and x = 1. and c. List the values of a. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. First. 23x2 = 16x − 2 23x2 − 16x + 2 = 0 a = 23 b = −16 c = 2 x= −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(23)(2) 2(23) 268 Team-LRN . Transform the equation into proper form. 488.501 Algebra Questions 487. 2x2 = −5x − 2 2x2 + 5x + 2 = 0 a=2 b=5 c=2 x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(2)(2) 2(2) −2 −1 = −5 ± √25 − 16 2(2) −5 = −8 −5 ±3 4 x= −5 +3 4 = 4 = 1 2 and x = −3 4 = 4 = −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = − 2 and x = −2.

b. 2. Then subtract (12x + 4) from both sides. b. b. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. proper form. Simplify the expression. a = 1 b = 10 c = 12 x= −(10) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a. List the values of a. Transform the equation into the and x = −1. and c. Simplify the expression. 269 Team-LRN . First use the distributive property of multiplication. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 7x2 = 4(3x) + 4(1) = 12x + 4 7x2 − 12x − 4 = 0 a=7 b = −12 c = −4 x= x= −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(7)(−4) 2(7) 12 ± √144 + 112 14 = 12 ± √256 14 = 12 ± 16 14 x= x= 12 + 16 14 12 − 16 14 = = 28 14 −4 14 = 2 and = −2 7 −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 2 and x = 7 . x= −10 ± √(102 − 4(1)(12) 2(1) ± √100 − 48 2 = −10 ± √52 2 = −10 ± √4 · 13 2 = −10 ± 2√13 2 = −5 ± 13. ± √(18)2 − 4(24)(−6) 2(24) −18 ± √324 + 576 48 = −18 ± √900 48 = −18 ± 30 48 x= x= + 30 48 −18 − 30 48 1 4 −18 = = 12 1 48 = 4 and −48 − 48 = 1 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 493. List the values of a. 13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −5 + 492.501 Algebra Questions x= 16 ± √256 − 184 2(23) = 16 ± √72 2(23) = 16 ± √4 · 9 · 2 2(23) 8 23 = ± 2 · 8 ± 2 · 3 √2 2(23) 3 23 = 8 ± 3 √2 23 = 8 23 ± 3 23 2 The solution for the variable x is x = 491. and c. Simplify the expression. 13 and x = −5 − a = 24 b = 18 c = −6 x= x= −(18) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c.

and c.17 6 −21 − 23.64. Simplify the expression.17. 6 + √31 5 and x = a = 11 b = −4 x= −(−4) c = −7 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. r = r= 4 ± √16 + 308 22 4 + 18 22 4 − 18 22 = 4 ± √324 22 = 4 ± 18 22 = = 22 22 = 1 and −14 − 22 = 0. b. 4x2 + 9x − 36 = 0 a = 4 b = 9 c = −36 x= x= = −(9) 1 3 3 ± √(9)2 − 4(4)(−36) 2(4) −9 ± √657 ± √81 + 576 = 8 8 −9 ± √9 · 73 −9 ± 3 √73 = 8 8 −9 −9 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 495.64 The two solutions for the variable r are r = 1 and r = −0.17 6 = = 2.17 = −7. = 6 ± √31 5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 496. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. You could use the fractions as values for a and b.36.36 and −44. and c. List the values of a. 8 a = 5 b = −12 x= 12 ± √124 2(5) −(−12) c=1 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Substitute into the expression and simplify. ± √(21)2 − 4(3)(−8) 2(3) −21 ± √441 + 96 6 = −21 ± √537 6 m= m= −21 + 23.17 6 = 0. 270 Team-LRN . and c. 12 ± √144 − 20 = x= 2(5) ± √(−12)2 − 4(5)(1) 2(5) = 12 ± √4 · 31 2(5) = 12 ± 2√31 2(5) 6 − √31 5 . Simplify the expression. Using the distributive property. + 3√73 8 and x = 9 − 3√73 . 12( 3 x2 + 4 x − 3 = 0) 12(13x2) + 12( 4 x) − 12(3) = 12(0). Simplify the expression. b. r= Find the two solutions for r by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. but it might be easier to ﬁrst transform the equation by multiplying it by 12.36 and m = −7. b.36 6 The two solutions for the variable m are m = 0. ± √(−4)2 − 4(11)(−7) 2(11) Simplify the expression. you get Simplify the terms. 497. List the values of a. a = 3 b = 21 c = −8 m= m= −(21) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a. and c. The square root of 537 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 23. List the values of a.501 Algebra Questions 494.

17 22 = 2.57 = 8 = 0. − 12.17 22 = 32 ± √584 22 = 32 ± 24. Substitute into the expression and simplify. 271 Team-LRN . Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.81. b. ± √(−11)2 − 4(4)(2) 2(4) 11 ± √121 − 32 11 ± √89 11 ± 9. Simplify the expression. a = 11 b = −32 k= k= k= k= −(−32) c = 10 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a. −(−11) c=2 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. s= −12 ± √144 + 20 10 = −12 ± √164 10 −12 + 12.08 and s = −2.32.36.55 and c = 0.17 22 = 56. ± √(−32)2 − 4(11)(10) 2(11) 32 ± √1024 − 440 22 32 + 24. and c. ± √(12)2 − 4(5)(−1) 2(5) Simplify the expression.20. 16 ± √256 − 80 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 16y − 5 − 16y + 5 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 0 a = 4 b = −16 c = 5 y= = −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(4)(5) 2(4) 16 ± √176 8 = 16 ± √16 · 11 8 = 16 ± 4√11 8 y= y= 16 + 4 (3. and c.43 20.20 8 The two solutions for the variable c are c = 2.66 8 16 − 4(3.48 The two solutions for the variable s are s = 0.32) 29.32) 2.43 = 8 = 2. s= The square root of 164 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 12.81 10 = 10 = −2.081 −24.28 = 8 = 3. a = 5 b = 12 c = −1 s= −(12) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.55 and 8 11 − 9.34 8 and The two solutions for the variable y are y = 3. and c.81 and s = 500.55 and k = 0. List the values of a.501 Algebra Questions 498. Transform the equation by subtracting 16y from and adding 5 to both sides. Combine like terms. Simplify the expression. y= 8 The square root of 11 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 3.66 and y = 0. a = 4 b = −11 c= c= c= c= 501.81 10 = 0.17 22 32 − 24.81 10 −12 = 0. and c.36 The two solutions for the variable k are k = 2. List the values of a. b. List the values of a. b.72 = 8 = 0.43 = = 8 8 8 11 + 9. Simplify the expression.8322 = 0. b.43 1. Substitute into the expression and simplify.48.34. 499.55 and = 7.

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