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# 501

Algebra Questions

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501

Algebra Questions

®

NEW YORK Team-LRN

Copyright © 2002 LearningExpress, LLC. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Recco, William. 501 algebra questions / William Recco.—1st ed. p. cm. ISBN 1-57685-424-8 (pbk.) 1. Algebra. I. Title: Five hundred one algebra questions. II. Title: Five hundred and one algebra questions. III. Title. QA152.2 .R42 2002 512—dc21 2002004440 Printed in the United States of America 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 First Edition ISBN 1-57685-424-8 For more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at: 55 Broadway 8th Floor New York, NY 10006 Or visit us at: www.learnatest.com

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The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team is comprised of experts in test preparation, as well as educators and teachers who specialize in language arts and math. LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team Brigit Dermott Freelance Writer English Tutor, New York Cares New York, New York Sandy Gade Project Editor LearningExpress New York, New York Kerry McLean Project Editor Math Tutor Shirley, New York William Recco Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 New York Shoreham/Wading River School District Math Tutor St. James, New York Colleen Schultz Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 Vestal Central School District Math Tutor Vestal, New York

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Contents Introduction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Working with Integers Working with Algebraic Expressions Combining Like Terms Solving Basic Equations Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides Using Formulas to Solve Equations Graphing Linear Equations Solving Inequalities ix 1 12 24 41 49 58 72 81 110 119 142 172 186 194 10 Graphing Inequalities 11 Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities 12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically 13 Working with Exponents 14 Multiplying Polynomials Team-LRN .

Contents 15 Factoring Polynomials 16 Using Factoring 17 Solving Quadratic Equations 18 Simplifying Radicals 19 Solving Radical Equations 20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula 206 215 229 242 250 261 viii Team-LRN .

you can ﬁnd them in the LearningExpress publication Algebra Success in 20 Minutes a Day.Introduction This book is designed to provide you with review and practice for algebra success! It is not intended to teach common algebra topics. The structure follows a common sequence of concepts introduced in basic algebra courses. It’s for anyone who has ever taken a course in algebra and needs to refresh and revive forgotten skills. it provides 501 problems so you can ﬂex your muscles and practice a variety of mathematical and algebraic skills. It can be used to supplement current instruction in a math class. and word problems. The book is organized into twenty chapters with a variety of arithmetic. You may want to follow the sequence. Instead. Or. 501 Algebra Questions is designed for many audiences. as each succeeding chapter builds on skills taught in previous chap- Team-LRN . How To Use This Book First. it can be used by teachers and tutors who need to reinforce student skills. If at some point you feel you need further explanation about some of the algebra topics highlighted in this book. algebra. look at the table of contents to see the types of algebra topics covered in this book.

make a commitment to spend the time you need to do a good job. Each chapter has an introduction describing the mathematical concepts covered in the chapter. If you truly want to be successful. Make a Commitment Success does not come without effort. Second. there are helpful tips on how to practice the problems in each chapter. you are given one model problem and then asked to do many problems following that model. So sharpen your pencil and practice! x Team-LRN . The purpose of drills and practice is to make you proﬁcient at solving problems. If you have difﬁculty factoring numbers. If you are unfamiliar with prime numbers. you become skillful with practice. But if your skills are just rusty.501 Algebra Questions ters. Chapters are arranged using the same method. You can do it! When you achieve algebra success. It’s always a good idea to use it to check your calculations. In many books. you have laid the foundation for future challenges and success. In this book. As you are solving problems. do the problems over. you can look at the answer explanation and use it to help you understand the problem-solving process. you are presented with a variety of problems that generally range from easier to more difﬁcult problems and their answer explanations. every problem has a complete step-by-step explanation for the solutions. it is important to be as organized and sequential in your written steps as possible. the multiplication chart on the next page may help you. And don’t forget to keep lots of scrap paper on hand. Last. use the list on the next page so you won’t waste time trying to factor numbers that can’t be factored. Like an athlete preparing for the next season or a musician warming up for a concert. Work for understanding. you may want to jump around from topic to topic. If you ﬁnd yourself getting stuck solving a problem. Make the commitment to improve your algebra skills. It’s not the answer that matters most—it’s the process and the reasoning skills that you want to master. or if you are using this book to supplement topics you are currently learning. If after completing all the problems in a section you feel that you need more practice. You will probably want to have a calculator handy as you work through some of the sections. Why you do a math operation is as important as how you do it.

501 Algebra Questions × 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 Multiplication Table 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 15 18 21 24 27 20 24 28 32 36 25 30 35 40 45 30 36 42 48 54 35 42 49 56 63 40 48 56 64 72 45 54 63 72 81 50 60 70 80 90 55 66 77 88 99 60 72 84 96 108 Prime 13 53 101 151 199 263 317 383 443 503 577 641 701 769 839 911 983 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 132 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144 2 31 73 127 179 233 283 353 419 467 547 607 661 739 811 877 947 3 37 79 131 181 239 293 359 421 479 557 613 673 743 821 881 953 5 41 83 137 191 241 307 367 431 487 563 617 677 751 823 883 967 Commonly Used 7 11 43 47 89 97 139 149 193 197 251 257 311 313 373 379 433 439 491 499 569 571 619 631 683 691 757 761 827 829 887 907 971 977 Numbers 17 19 59 61 103 107 157 163 211 223 269 271 331 337 389 397 449 457 509 521 587 593 643 647 709 719 773 787 853 857 919 929 991 997 23 67 109 167 227 277 347 401 461 523 599 653 727 797 859 937 1009 29 71 113 173 229 281 349 409 463 541 601 659 733 809 863 941 1013 xi Team-LRN .

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501 Algebra Questions Team-LRN .

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**Working With Integers
**

For some people, it is helpful to try to simplify expressions containing signed numbers as much as possible. When you ﬁnd signed numbers with addition and subtraction operations, you can simplify the task by changing all subtraction to addition. Subtracting a number is the same as adding its opposite. For example, subtracting a three is the same as adding a negative three. Or subtracting a negative fourteen is the same as adding a positive fourteen. As you go through the step-by-step answer explanations, you will begin to see how this process of using only addition can help simplify your understanding of operations with signed numbers. As you begin to gain conﬁdence, you may be able to eliminate some of the steps by doing them in you head and not having to write them down. After all, that’s the point of practice! You work at the problems until the process becomes automatic. Then you own that process and you are ready to use it in other situations. The Tips for Working with Integers section below gives you some simple rules to follow as you solve problems with integers. Refer to them each time you do a problem until you don’t need to look at them. That’s when you can consider them yours. You will also want to review the rules for Order of Operations with numerical expressions. You can use a memory device called a mnemonic to help you remember a set of instructions. Try remembering the word PEMDAS. This nonsense word helps you remember to:

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501 Algebra Questions

P do operations inside Parentheses E evaluate terms with Exponents M D do Multiplication and Division in order from left to right A S Add and Subtract terms in order from left to right

**Tips for Working with Integers
**

Addition Signed numbers the same? Find the SUM and use the same sign. Signed numbers different? Find the DIFFERENCE and use the sign of the larger number. (The larger number is the one whose value without a positive or negative sign is greatest.) Addition is commutative. That is, you can add numbers in any order and the result is the same. As an example, 3 + 5 = 5 + 3, or −2 + −1 = −1 + −2. Subtraction Change the operation sign to addition, change the sign of the number following the operation, then follow the rules for addition. Multiplication/Division Signs the same? Multiply or divide and give the result a positive sign. Signs different? Multiply or divide and give the result a negative sign. Multiplication is commutative. You can multiply terms in any order and the result will be the same. For example: (2 • 5 • 7) = (2 • 7 • 5) = (5 • 2 • 7) = (5 • 7 • 2) and so on. Evaluate the following expressions.

1. 27 + −5 2. 3.

−18 −11

+ −20 − 16 − −8

4. 33 + −16 5. 8 + −4 − 12 6. 38 ÷ −2 + 9 7. 8.

−25 −6

· −3 + 15 · −5

· −3 · −2

9. 24 · −8 + 2 10. 2 · −3 · −7 11.

−15

+ 5 + −11

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**501 Algebra Questions 12. (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) 13. 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 14.
**

−(5

· 3) + (12 ÷ −4)

15. (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) 16. 23 + (64 ÷ −16) 17. 23 − (−4)2 18. (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 19. 24 + (9 + −6)3 20. (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) 21. A scuba diver descends 80 feet, rises 25 feet, descends 12 feet, and then

rises 52 feet where he will do a safety stop for ﬁve minutes before surfacing. At what depth did he do his safety stop?

22. A digital thermometer records the daily high and low temperatures. The

high for the day was +3° C. The low was −10° C. What was the difference between the day’s high and low temperatures? During the month, checks were written in the amounts of $25, $82, $213, and $97. Deposits were made into the account in the amounts of $84 and $116. What was the balance at the end of the month?

23. A checkbook balance sheet shows an initial balance for the month of $300.

24. A gambler begins playing a slot machine with $10 in quarters in her coin

bucket. She plays 15 quarters before winning a jackpot of 50 quarters. She then plays 20 more quarters in the same machine before walking away. How many quarters does she now have in her coin bucket?

25. A glider is towed to an altitude of 2,000 feet above the ground before

being released by the tow plane. The glider loses 450 feet of altitude before ﬁnding an updraft that lifts it 1,750 feet. What is the glider’s altitude now?

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501 Algebra Questions

Answers

Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses, the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ), it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used, ( ), { }, or [ ], perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result.

1. The signs of the terms are different, so ﬁnd the difference

of the values. The sign of the larger term is positive, so the sign of the result is positive.

2. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

−18

[27 − 5 = 22] 27 + −5 = +22

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Since all the signs are negative, add the absolute value of the numbers. Since the signs were negative, the result is negative. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows:

3. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

+ −20 + (−16)

[18 + 20 + 16 = 54]

−18 −18

**+ −20 + −16 = −54 + −20 − 16 = −54
**

−11

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Subtract the absolute value of the numbers. Give the result the sign of the larger term. The simpliﬁed expression is as follows:

4. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.

+ +8

[11 − 8 = 3] + +8 = −3 −11 − −8 = −3

−11

Give the result the sign of the larger term.

[33 − 16 = 17] 33 + −16 = +17

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First perform the multiplications. Substitute the result into the expression. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. With three terms. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 7. First divide. Substitute the result into the ﬁrst expression. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Now substitute the result into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 5. ﬁrst group like terms and add. Let’s group the ﬁrst two terms. Give the result the sign of the larger term. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Because all the operators are multiplication. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 8. Signs different? Divide and give the 8 + −4 + −12 8 + (−4 + −12) [(−4 + −12) = −16] 8 + (−16) [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + (−16) = −8 8 + −4 − 12 = −8 [(38 ÷ −2) = −19] (−19) + 9 [19 − 9 = 10] (−19) + 9 = −10 38 ÷ −2 + 9 = −10 result the negative sign. you [−25 · −3 = +75] [15 · −5 = −75] (+75) + (−75) [75 − 75 = 0] −25 · −3 + 15 · −5 = 0 could group any two terms and the result would be the same. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Now substitute the results into the original expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (−6 · −3) · −2 [6 · 3 = +18] (+18) · −2 (+18) · −2 = −36 −6 · −3 · −2 = −36 5 Team-LRN . Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 6.

Substitute into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 9. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: [49 ÷ 7 = 7] [48 ÷ −4 = −12] (7) − (−12) 7 + +12 7 + +12 = +19 (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) = +19 6 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 10. you could 2 · (−3 · −7) [(−3 · −7) = +21] 2 · (+21) 2 · (+21) = +42 2 · −3 · −7 = +42 group any two terms and the result would be the same. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 11. Because all the operators are addition. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. Let’s group the last two terms. Group the terms being multiplied and evaluate. Substitute. (24 · −8) + 2 [24 · −8 = −192] (−192) + 2 [192 − 2 = 190] (−192) + 2 = −190 24 · −8 + 2 = −190 Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Substitute. Because all the operators are multiplication. Or you could just work from left to right. you could group any two terms and the result would be the same. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 12. First evaluate the expressions within the (−15 + 5) + −11 [15 − 5 = 10] [(−15 + 5) = −10] (−10) + −11 [10 + 11 = 21] (−10) + −11 = −21 −15 + 5 + −11 = −21 parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value.

The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 14. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: + (−3) [15 + 3 = 18] −(15) + (−3) = −18 −(5 · 3) + (12 ÷ −4) = −18 7 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 13. Now perform additions from left to right. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Substitute the values into the original expression. First evaluate the expressions within the 5 + −11 + −3 + 8 (5 + −11) + −3 + 8 [11 − 5 = 6] [5 + −11 = −6] (−6) + −3 + 8 (−6 + −3) + 8 [−6 + −3 = −9] (−9) + 8 [9 − 8 = 1] (−9) + 8 = −1 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 = −1 [5 · 3 = 15] [12 ÷ −4 = −3] −(15) parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Add from left to right. Substitute. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.

Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values of terms with exponents into the original expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. First evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. [(−18 ÷ 2)] [18 ÷ 2 = 9] [(−18 ÷ 2 = −9)] (6 · −3) [6 · 3 = 18] (6 · −3) = −18 (−9) − (−18) (−9) + (+18) [18 − 9 = 9] (−9) + (+18) = +9 (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) = +9 (64 ÷ −16) [64 ÷ 16 = 4] (64 ÷ −16 = −4) 23 + (−4) [23 − 4 = 19] 23 + (−4) = +19 23 + (64 ÷ −16) = +19 [23 = 2 · 2 · 2 = 8] [(−4)2 = (−4) · (−4)] [4 · 4 = 16] [(−4)2 = +16] 23 − (−4)2 = (8) − (+16) 8 + −16 [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + −16 = −8 Substitute the values into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 15. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 17. 8 Team-LRN . Evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Signs different? Multiply the term values and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the value into the original expression. The order of operations tells us to evaluate the terms with exponents ﬁrst. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 16.

Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values of the expressions in parentheses into the original expression. First evaluate the expressions within the 19. Substitute the value into the expression. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Multiply the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 9 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 20. First evaluate the expressions within the 23 − (−4)2 = −8 [3 − 5] [3 + (−5)] [5 − 3 = 2] [3 − 5 = −2] [18 ÷ 6 = 3] (−2)3 + (3)2 [(−2)3 = −2 · −2 · −2] [(−2 · −2) · −2 = (+4) · −2] [(+4) · −2 = −8] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] (−2)3 + (3)2 = −8 + 9 9 − 8 = +1 (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 = +1 [9 + −6] [9 − 6 = 3] [9 + −6 = +3] 24 + (+3)3 [(+3)3 = 33 = 27] 24 + (27) = 51 24 + (9 + −6)3 = 51 [32 + 6 = (9) + 6 = 15] [−24 ÷ 8 = −3] (15) ÷ (−3) [15 ÷ 3 = 5] (15) ÷ (−3) = −5 (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) = −5 parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 18. Evaluate the term with the exponent. Evaluate the terms with exponents. Substitute values into the original expression. parentheses. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. First evaluate the expression within the parentheses. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. Substitute the values into the expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the value into the expression.

[300 + +84 + +116 = +500] [(−25 + −82 + −213 + −97 = −417] Substitute the values into the revised expression. you can associate like signed numbers. Going up is in the positive direction. The diver took his rest stop at 22. Or you could ﬁnd the difference between +3° and −10°. The resulting numerical expression would be −80 + +25 + −12 + +52 as follows: Because addition is commutative. while going down is in the negative direction. [92 − 77 = 15] −15 feet. You could simply ﬁgure that +3°C is 3° above zero and −10°C is 10° below. represented by negative signed numbers. You can consider that balances and deposits are positive signed numbers while checks are deductions. So the difference is the total of 3° + 10° = 13°. Give all the descending distances a negative sign and the ascending distances a positive sign. you can associate like-signed numbers. [−80 + −12 = −92] [+25 + +52 = +77] Substitute the values into the numerical expression. (+500) + (−417) = +83 The balance at the end of the month would be $83. An expression to represent the activity during the month would be as follows: 300 + −25 + −82 + −213 + −97 + +84 + +116 Because addition is commutative. (−92) + (+77) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. If you think of distance above sea level as a positive number. 10 Team-LRN . (−80 + −12) + (+25 + +52) Evaluate the numerical expression in each parentheses.501 Algebra Questions 21. 23. then you must think of going below sea level as a negative number. (300 + +84 + +116) + (−25 + −82 + −213 + −97) Evaluate the numbers within each parentheses. That would be represented by the following +3° − −10° = +3° + +10° = +13° equation.

You can assume ground level is the zero point. (90) + (−35) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.750) + −450 Evaluate the expression in the parentheses. Four quarters per dollar gives you 4 · 10 = 40 quarters. In chronological order. (+2.300] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (+3. [90 − 35 = 55] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 = 55 25. [40 + 50 = 90] [−15 + − 20 = −35] Substitute into the revised expression. An expression that represents the problem +2.750) + −450 = +3. [+2. [3. (40 + 50) + (−15 + − 20) Use the rules for adding integers with like signs.300 11 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 24.000 + −450 + +1. ascending is a positive number while descending is a neg- ative number. You can write an expression that represents the quarters in the bucket and the quarters added and subtracted. you can associate like-signed numbers. 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 Because addition is commutative.750) + −450 Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. As in problem 21.000 + +1.750] Substitute into the revised equation.750 − 450 = 3. You ﬁrst ﬁgure out how many quarters she starts with.750 = +3.000 + +1. you can associate like-signed numbers. (+3. the expression would be as follows: 40 − 15 + 50 − 20 Change all operation signs to addition and the sign of the number that follows.750 is as follows: Because addition is commutative.

you can turn an algebraic expression into a numerical one. Remember that a variable is just a letter that represents a number in a mathematical expression. The answer section contains complete explanations of how to go about evaluating the expressions. As you work through the problems in this chapter. As you become more familiar and comfortable with the look and feel of these expressions. you will begin to ﬁnd your own shortcuts. Work on developing a similar style throughout. Use PEMDAS to perform operations in the proper order. Team-LRN . When given numerical values for the variables. Tips for Working With Algebraic Expressions ■ ■ ■ Substitute assigned values for the variables into the expression. and you will have one sure way of solving these kinds of problems. You will be evaluating expressions very much like the previous numerical expressions. each can contain up to ﬁve variables. you are to substitute the assigned values for the variables into the expression and evaluate the expression.2 Working with Algebraic Expressions This chapter contains 25 algebraic expressions. Recall and use the Tips for Working with Integers from Chapter 1. Read through the Tips for Working with Algebraic Expressions before you begin to solve the problems in this section.

a(b + z)2 35. y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} 47. 3x2b(5a − 3b) x 12 13 Team-LRN . 2ax − z 29. 12ab ÷ y 46. −2x − b + az 38.501 Algebra Questions ■ Evaluate the following algebraic expressions when a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. 5xy ÷ 2b 40. 8y − 3ab 34. 2z2 ÷ y 42. 2bx ÷ (z − b) 45. 5ab + xy 30. 8y(a3 − 2y) 49. bx(z + 3) 43. 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b 36. 4a + b 27. 7x ÷ 2yz 32. 7x + x − z 41. 3b2 − 2b + 12 39. a3 + 24y − 3b 37. 4b2 − az 31. 10b3 − 4b2 48. 3x ÷ z 28. z2 − 4a2y 50. 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab 44. bx + z ÷ y 33.

Substitute. 14 Team-LRN .25 2(3)(6) − (−8) [2(3)(6) = 36] (36) − (−8) (36) + (+8) [36 + 8 = 44] 1 2 1 expression. Substitute.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Order of operations tells you to multiply ﬁrst. { }. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Regardless of what symbol is used. PEMDAS: Multiply the ﬁrst term. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Multiply the factors of the ﬁrst term. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. ( ). Substitute the values for the variables into the 4(3) + (−5) [4(3) = 12] (12) + (−5) [12 − 5 = 7] +7 4a + b = +7 3(6) ÷ (−8) [3(6) = 18] (18) ÷ (−8) [18 ÷ 8 = 2 8 = 2 4 ] 3x ÷ z = −24 or −2. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. Give the result the sign of the larger value. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. 1 (−2 4 ) The value of the expression is as follows: 28. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Substitute. (No sign means + ) The value of the expression is as follows: 27.

25] (42) ÷ (−8) = −5. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the (+44) 2ax − z = +44 5(3)(−5) + (6)( 2 ) [5(3)(−5) = 15(−5)] [15(−5) = −75] 1 [(6)( 2 ) = 3] (−75) + (3) [75 − 3 = 72] (−72) 5ab + xy = −72 4(−5)2 − (3)(−8) [(−5)2 = (−5) · (−5)] [5 · 5 = 25 = +25] [4(+25) = 100] [(3)(−8)] [3 · −8 = −24] (100) − (−24) 100 + +24 = 124 4b2 − az = 124 1 1 expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 31. Substitute. PEMDAS: Multiply the terms in the expression. Give the result the sign of the larger value.25 7x ÷ 2yz = −5. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 7(6) ÷ 2( 2 )(−8) [7 · 6 = 42] 1 [{2( 2 )}(−8) = (1)(−8) = −8] (42) ÷ (−8) [42 ÷ 8 = 5. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign.25 15 Team-LRN . Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the ﬁrst term of the expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 30.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 29. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Evaluate the second term of the expression. Now evaluate the other term.

Evaluate the terms on either side of the subtraction sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. 16 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 34. you multiply by the reciprocal. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Positive times negative is negative. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. PEMDAS: Multiply or divide the terms in the expression. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Consider the second term. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 33. PEMDAS: You must add the terms inside the parentheses ﬁrst. Substitute the values for the variables into the (−5)(6) + (−8) ÷ ( 2 ) (−5)(6) + {(−8) ÷ ( 2 )} [(−5)(6)] [5 · 6 = 30] [(−5)(6) = −30] 1 [(−8) ÷ ( 2 )] [8 ÷ 2 ] [8 ÷ [(−8) 1 2 1 1 1 =8· 1 (2) 2 1 = 8 · 2 = 16] ÷ = −16] (−30) + (−16) [30 + 16 = 46] (−30) + (−16) = −46 bx + z ÷ y = −46 8( 2 ) − 3(3)(−5) [8 · 2 = 4] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (4) − (−45) (4) − (−45) = 4 + +45 4 + +45 = +49 8y − 3ab = +49 3((−5) + (−8))2 [(−5) + (−8)] [5 + 8 = 13] [(−5) + (−8) = −13] 1 1 expression.501 Algebra Questions 32. Positive times positive is positive. Group terms using order of operations. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. To divide by a fraction.

Evaluate the third term. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 35. Substitute the values for the variables into the 2((3)2 + 2( 2 )) ÷ (−5) [(3)2 + 2( 2 )] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] 1 [2( 2 ) = 1] 1 [(3)2 + 2( 2 ) = 9 + 1 = 10] 2(10) ÷ (−5) [2(10) = 20] (20) ÷ (−5) [20 ÷ 5 = 4] (20) ÷ (−5) = −4 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b = −4 (3)3 + 24( 2 ) − 3(−5) [(3)3 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 27] 1 [24( 2 ) = 12] [3(−5)] [3 · 5 = 15] [3(−5) = −15] (27) + (12) − (−15) (27) + (12) + (+15) 27 + 12 + 15 = 54 a3 + 24y − 3b = +54 1 1 expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Evaluate it. Evaluate the second term. Evaluate the term with the exponent. Evaluate the second term. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 36. Substitute into the original numerical expression. Next you evaluate the term with the exponent. Substitute into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−13)2 [(−13)2 = −13 · −13] [13 · 13 = +169] 3(169) = 507 a(b + z)2 = 507 1 expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Look ﬁrst to evaluate the term inside the bold parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Substitute into the original expression. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The ﬁrst term has an exponent. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 17 Team-LRN .

Substitute the values for the variables into the −2(6) − (−5) + (3)(−8) [−2(6) = −2 · 6 = −12] [(3)(−8) = 3 · −8 = −24] (−12) − (−5) + (−24) −12 + (+5) + −24 (−12 + −24) + (+5) [−12 + −24 = −36] (−36) + (+5) [36 − 5 = 31] (−36) + (+5) = −31 −2x − b + az = −31 expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term by multiplying. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with multiplication next. Evaluate ﬁrst and last terms. a result of addition +. Add terms from left to right. All term signs are positive. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values into the numerical expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 38. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent ﬁrst. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Commutative property of addition allows grouping of like signs. Evaluate the second term.501 Algebra Questions 37. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 39. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute. = 15] 18 Team-LRN . Consider the two terms on either side of the division sign. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the value into the numerical expression. Positive times negative results in a negative. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−5)2 − 2(−5) + 12 [(−5)2 = −5 · −5 = +25] 3(+25) − 2(−5) + 12 [3(+25) = 75] [2(−5) = −10] (75) − (−10) + 12 (75) + (+10) + 12 75 + 10 + 12 = 97 3b2 − 2b + 12 = 97 5(6)( 2 ) ÷ 2(−5) [5 · 6 · 2 = (5 · 6) · [2(−5) = −10] 1 1 2 1 expression.

Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. [15 ÷ 10 = 1 2 ] −10) = −1 1 (15) ÷ ( 2 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as 1 follows: 5xy ÷ 2b = −1 2 or −1. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 41. First. Negative times positive equals negative. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. (15) ÷ (−10) Signs different? Divide and give the result a 1 negative sign. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. Add terms from left to right. Multiply from left to right. (−5)(6)((−8) + 3) First. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: [8 − 3 = 5] [(−8) + 3 = −5] (−5)(6)(−5) [−5 · 6 = −30] (−30) · −5 = +150 bx(z + 3) = +150 19 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Evaluate the second term. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Change division to multiplication and change the value to its reciprocal. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: (+128) · 2 = 256 2z2 ÷ y = 256 [(−8) + 3] 42. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. evaluate the term with the exponent. Substitute the values for the variables into the 7(6) + (6) − (−8) [7(6) = 7 · 6 = 42] 12 [ (6) = 12 ÷ 6 = 2] (42) + (2) − −8 42 + 2 + −8 42 + 2 + +8 = 52 12 7x + x − z = 52 2(−8)2 ÷ ( 2 ) [2(−8)2 = 2 · (−8) · (−8)] [{2 · (−8)} · (−8)] [2 · (−8) = −16] [(−16) · (−8) = +128] (+128) ÷ 1 2 1 12 expression. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number.5 40. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.

Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Evaluate the second term in the expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 44. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 20 Team-LRN . Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal.501 Algebra Questions 43. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the values for the variables into the 6( 2 )(−8 ÷ 2 ) + 3(3)(−5) 1 1 [−8 ÷ 1 1 2 = −8 · 2 1 = −16] 6( 2 )(−16) + 3(3)(−5) [6( 2 )(−16) = 6 · 2 · −16] [3 · −16 = −48] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (−48) + (−45) −48 1 1 + −45 = −93 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab = −93 2(−5)(6) ÷ ((−8) − (−5)) [(−8 − −5)] [−8 + 5] [8 − 5 = 3] [−8 + +5 = −3] 2(−5)(6) ÷ (−3) [2 · −5 · 6 = −60] (−60) ÷ −3 [60 ÷ 3 = 20] (−60) ÷ −3 = 20 2bx ÷ (z − b) = 20 expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Divide and give the result a positive sign. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term in the expression. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses.

Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the 1 12(3)(−5) ÷ ( 2 ) [12 · 3 · −5 = 36 · −5] [36 · 5 = 180] [36 · −5 = −180] (−180) ÷ ( 2 ) −180 1 1 · ( 1 ) = −180 · 2 2 [180 · 2 = 360] −180 · 2 = −360 12ab ÷ y = −360 (6) 2 expression. Signs different? Multiply the numbers and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. PEMDAS: Multiply before subtraction. Evaluate the ﬁrst term.501 Algebra Questions 45. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 46. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: ( 2 ) {( (6) 2 6 [2 − − 3) − 4(3)} 6 2 [( − 3) = − 3] 3 = 3 − 3 = 0] ( 2 ){(0) − 4(3)} [{0 − 4(3)} = 0 − 4 · 3] [0 − 4 · 3 = 0 − 12] [0 − 12 = 0 + −12 = −12] ( 2 ){−12} = 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 · −12 [ 2 · 12 = 6] · −12 = −6 x y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} = −6 21 Team-LRN . Evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. PEMDAS: Division before subtraction. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.

Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses. Substitute the values for the variables into − +100 + −100 [1250 + 100 = 1350] 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 = −1350 10b3 − 4b2 = −1.350 8( 2 )((3)3 − 2( 2 )) ((3)3 − 2( 2 )) = (33 − 2 · 2 ) [33 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 9 · 3 = 27] 1 [2 · 2 = 1] [(27) − (1)] [27 − 1 = 26] 8( 2 )(26) 1 [8 · 2 = 4] [4 · 26 = 104] 8y(a3 − 2y) = 104 1 1 1 1 1 the expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 [10(−5)3 = 10 · −5 · −5 · −5] [10 · −5 = (−50)] [(−50) · −5 = +250] [+250 · −5 = −1250] [4(−5)2 = 4 · −5 · −5] [4 · −5 = −20] [−20 · −5 = +100] −1250 −1250 Evaluate the second term in the numerical expression. Substitute the results into the numerical expression in the parentheses. Same signs? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 22 Team-LRN . Multiply from left to right. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Evaluate the second term.501 Algebra Questions 47. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 48. Subtract. Multiply from left to right. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the result into the original expression.

PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with exponents next. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. (−8)2 − 4(3)2( 2 ) [(−8)2 = −8 · −8] [−8 · −8 = 64] 1 1 [4(3)2( 2 ) = 4 · 3 · 3 · 2 ] [ 4 · 3 = 12] [12 · 3 = 36] 1 [36 · 2 = 18] (64) − (18) 64 − 18 = 46 z2 − 4a2y = 46 1 Substitute the results into the numerical expression.200 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 23 Team-LRN . 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) −3(−5)) [(5(3) − 3(−5)) = 5 · 3 − 3 · −5] [5 · 3 − 3 · −5 = 15 − −15] [15 + +15 = 30] 3(6)2(−5)(30) [(6)2 = 6 · 6 = 36] 3(36)(−5)(30) [3(36) = 108] [(108) · (−5) = −540] [(−540) · (30) = −16. Multiply from left to right. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Evaluate the second term. PEMDAS: Evaluate the expression in the parentheses ﬁrst. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.501 Algebra Questions 49.200] 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) − 3(−5)) = −16. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.200 3x2b(5a −3b) = −16. you can just subtract. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 50. Yes. Signs different? Multiply the values and give a negative sign.

When the variables are given number values. like terms can have different coefﬁcients. you can add or subtract them as if they were signed numbers. For example. You should know that ■ 3 ■ ■ the numbers in front of the variable or variables are called coefﬁcients. 3x and −4x are like terms but are different from 7ax or 2x3. When you have terms that are alike. you will practice simplifying algebraic expressions. a coefﬁcient is just a factor in an algebraic term. This Team-LRN . As you do this. you will recognize and combine terms with variables that are alike and link them to other terms using the arithmetic operations. You may ﬁnd that combining like terms may be easier if you do addition by changing all subtraction to addition of the following term with its sign changed. as are the variable or variables in the term.Combining Like Terms In this chapter. and you can think of variables as factors. but the conﬁguration of the variables must be the same for the terms to be alike. as you did in Chapter 2. you can multiply the factors of a term together to ﬁnd its value. You can think of an algebraic term as a series of factors with numbers.

Another important and useful property is the distributive property. a(b + c) = ab + ac a(b − c) = ab − ac (b + c)a = ba + ca 4(6 + 3) = 4 · 6 + 4 · 3 = 24 + 12 = 36 (−5 + 8)3 = −5 · 3 + 8 · 3 = −15 + 24 = 9 7(10 + 3) = 7 · 10 + 7 · 3 = 70 + 21 = 91 3(x + 2y) = 3 · x + 3 · 2y = 3x + 6y a(b − 5d) = a · b − a · 5d = ab − 5ad Numerical examples of the commutative properties for addition and multiplication were given in the Tips for Working with Integers. See the Tips for Combining Like Terms. but the value of the expression remains the same. Now look at the following examples: Commutative Property of Addition a+b=b+a This equation reminds us that terms being combined by addition can change their location (commute). Study the following general and speciﬁc examples. 25 Team-LRN . You will also use the important commutative and associative properties of addition and multiplication. Commutative Property of Multiplication x·y=y·x This equation reminds us that the order in which we multiply expressions can change without changing the value of the result.501 Algebra Questions strategy will continue to be shown in the answer explanations. Tips for Combining Like Terms Distributive Property of Multiplication The distributive property of multiplication tells you how to multiply the terms inside a parentheses by the term outside the parentheses. But as you either know or are beginning to see. sometimes it’s easier to just subtract.

26 Team-LRN . a − b. it’s the last. you can associate any term with any other and the result will be the same. Clarity is valued in mathematics. Identity Property of Addition n+0=n Identity Property of Multiplication n·1=n Term Equivalents x=1·x For purposes of combining like terms. While it may not seem relevant yet.501 Algebra Questions Associative Property of Addition (q + r) + s = q + (r + s) This equation reminds us that when you are performing a series of additions of terms. Look at the expressions on either side of the equal signs. a variable by itself is understood to mean one of that term. Associative Property of Multiplication (d · e) · f = d · (e · f ) This equation reminds us that you can multiply three or more terms in any order without changing the value of the result. Which one looks simpler? Of course. a + −b = a − +b = a − b Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. as you go through the practice exercises you will see how each of these properties will come into play as we simplify algebraic expressions by combining like terms. n = +n A term without a sign in front of it is considered to be positive. Writing expressions as simply as possible is always appreciated.

7a + 6b + 3a 53. 9(x − 6) + x(3 − x) 68. 4(x + y − 4) + 6(2 − 3y) 61. 5(3x − y) + x(5 + 2y) − 4(3 + x) 72. 9(2x − t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) 74. 2(3a + 4b) + 7(a − b) 58. 8(2a − b − 3c) + 3(2a − b) − 4(6 − b) 27 Team-LRN . 51. 2x − x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x − y) 70. 5(15 − 2j ) + 11(7j − 3) 66.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions by combining like terms. a(a + 4) + 3a2 − 2a + 10 67. 3h + 5 + 2w − 3 + h 56. 4(x + 2y) + 2(x + y) 57. 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m 55. 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 − a)} + 5a2 75. −7(c − 2d) + 21c − 3(d − 5) 71. 6(m − 3n) + 3m(n + 5) − 2n(3 − m) 73. 3r2 + r(2 − r) + 6(r + 4) 69. 64 + 5(n − 8) + 12n − 24 60. 3a + 4a + 9a 52. 14 + 9(2w + 7) − 2(6 − w) 63. 11(4m + 5) + 3(−3m + 8) 59. 8s − 3r + 5(2r − s) 64. 4x + 2y − x + 3y 54. 6(3m − 12) − 4(9m + 8) 65. −7(a + b) +12a − 16b 62.

Once a single number appears within these parentheses. ( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Add like terms. { }. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Use the associative property for addition. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 52. Add like terms. Substitute. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms. Use the commutative property of addition to (3a + 4a) + 9a [3a + 4a = 7a] (7a) + 9a 7a + 9a = 16a 3a + 4a + 9a = 16a move like terms together. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 53. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x + 2y + (−x) + 3y 4x + (−x) + 2y + 3y (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) [4x + −x = +3x = 3x] [2y + 3y = 5y] (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) = (3x) + (5y) 4x + 2y − x + 3y = 3x + 5y 28 Team-LRN . Use the associative property of addition. Change subtraction to addition and 7a + 3a + 6b (7a + 3a) + 6b [(7a + 3a) = 10a] (10a) + 6b 7a + 6b + 3a = 10a + 6b change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the results into the original expression. Use the associative property for addition. or [ ]. Regardless of what symbol is used. Add like terms. 51.

Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst expression. Add like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 27 + −3m + 12 + −5m 27 + 12 + −3m + −5m (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) [27 + 12 = 39] [−3m + −5m = −8m] (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) = (39) + (−8m) 39 − +8m = 39 − 8m 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m = 39 − 8m 3h + 5 + 2w + (−3) + h 3h + h + 2w + 5 + −3 (3h + h) + 2w + (5 + −3) [(3h + h) = 4h] [(5 + −3) = 2] (4h) + 2w + (2) 4h + 2w + 2 55. Add like terms. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second expression. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 56. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: [4(x + 2y) = 4 · x + 4 · 2y] [4x + 8y] [2(x + y) = 2 · x + 2 · y] [2x + 2y] (4x + 8y) + (2x + 2y) (4x + 2x + 8y + 2y (4x + 2x) + (8y + 2y) [4x + 2x = 6x] [8y + 2y = 10y] (6x) + (10y) 6x + 10y 29 Team-LRN . Substitute the result into the expression.501 Algebra Questions 54. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Add like terms. Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together.

Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Substitute the result into the expression. Add like terms. 30 Team-LRN . Substitute the result into the expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms.501 Algebra Questions 57. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 59. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the distributive property of [11(4m + 5) = 11 · 4m + 11 · 5] [44m + 55] [3(−3m + 8) = 3 · −3m + 3 · 8] [−9m + 24] (44m + 55) + (−9m + 24) 44m + 55 + −9m + 24 44m + −9m + 55 + 24 (44m + −9m) + (55 + 24) [44m + −9m = 35m] [55 + 24 = 79] (35m) + (79) 35m + 79 [5(n − 8) = 5 · n − 5 · 8] [5n − 40] 64 + (5n − 40) + 12n − 24 64 + 5n − 40 + 12n − 24 64 + 5n + −40 + 12n + −24 multiplication on the second term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the result into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Add like terms. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 58. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of [2(3a + 4b) = 2 · 3a + 2 · 4b] [6a + 8b] [7(a − b) = 7 · a − 7 · b] [7a − 7b] (6a + 8b) + (7a − 7b) 6a + 8b + 7a − 7b 6a + 8b + 7a + (−7b) 6a + 7a + 8b + (−7b) (6a + 7a) + (8b + −7b) [6a + 7a = 13a] [8b + −7b = b] (13a) + (b) 13a + b multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the results into the expression. Substitute the result into the expression.

Add like terms. 4x + 4y + −18y + −16 + 12 4x + (4y + −18y) + (−16 + 12) [4y + −18y = −14y] [−16 + 12 = 12 + −16 = −4] Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of 5n + 12n + 64 + −40 + −24 (5n + 12n) + (64 + −40 + −24) [5n + 12n = 17n] [64 + −40 + −24 = 64 +(−40 + −24)] [64 + −64 = 0] (17n) + (0) 17n [4(x + y − 4) = 4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4] [4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4 = 4x + 4y − 16] [6(2 − 3y) = 6 · 2 − 6 · 3y = 12 − 18y] (4x + 4y − 16) + (12 − 18y) 4x + 4y − 16 + 12 − 18y multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Add like terms. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 60. Substitute the results into the expression. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x − 14y − 4 31 Team-LRN . Use the associative property for addition.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Parentheses are no longer needed. 4x + (−14y) + (−4) Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Add like terms.

[−2 · 6 + −2 · −w = −12 + +2w] Substitute the results into the original expression. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and [−7(a + b) = −7 · a + −7 · b] (−7a + −7b) + 12a − 16b −7a + −7b + 12a − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b + −16b (12a + −7a) + (−7b + −16b) [12a + −7a = 5a] [−7b + −16b = −23b] (5a) + (−23b) 5a − 23b change the sign of the terms that follow. [9(2w + 7) = 9 · 2w + 9 · 7] [9 · 2w + 9 · 7 = 18w + 63] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. [14 + 63 + −12 = 77 + −12 = 65] Substitute the results into the expression. 14 + (18w + 63) + (−12 + +2w) Parentheses are no longer needed. (20w) + (65) Parentheses are no longer needed. Add like terms. [−2(6 + −w) = −2 · 6 + −2 · −w] Notice the result of multiplication for opposite and like-signed terms. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. 14 + 9(2w + 7) + −2(6 + −w) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term.501 Algebra Questions 61. 14 + 18w + 63 + −12 + +2w Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. [18w + +2w = 20w] Add from left to right. (18w + +2w) + (14 + 63 + −12) Add like terms. Use the associative property for addition. 18w + +2w + 14 + 63 + −12 Use the associative property for addition. Parentheses are no longer needed. 20w + 65 32 Team-LRN . Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. 62. Substitute the results into the expression.

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Parentheses are no longer needed. but the second is the simpler. Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property of addition. Substitute the results into the expression.501 Algebra Questions 63. Either of the last two expressions is correct. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. 33 − +104 + −18m − (+18m) − 18m −104 −104 Team-LRN . Add terms using the rules for terms with the same signs. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. 64. Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Add like terms. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Change subtraction to addition and change 8s + −3r + 5(2r + −s) [5(2r + −s) = 5 · 2r + 5 · −s] [5 · 2r + 5 · −s = 10r + −5s] 8s + −3r + (10r + −5s) 8s + −3r + 10r + −5s 8s + −5s + 10r + −3r (8s + −5s) + (10r + −3r) [8s + −5s = 3s] [10r + −3r = 7r] (3s) + (7r) 3s + 7r 6(3m + −12) + −4(9m + 8) [6(3m + −12) = 6 · 3m + 6 · −12] [6 · 3m + 6 · −12 = 18m + −72] [−4(9m + 8) = −4 · 9m + −4 · 8] [−4 · 9m + −4 · 8 = −36m + −32] (18m + −72) + (−36m + −32) 18m + −72 + −36m + −32 18m + −36m + −72 + −32 (18m + −36m) + (−72 + −32) [18m + −36m = −18m] [−72 + −32 = −104] (−18m) + (−104) −18m + −104 −18m −104 the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Substitute the results into the expression.

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with the same signs. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Parentheses are no longer needed. (75 + −10j ) + (77j + −33) Parentheses are no longer needed. [77j + −10j = +67j ] Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. 34 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. 75 + −10j + 77j + −33 Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. (67j ) + (42) Parentheses are no longer needed.501 Algebra Questions 65. [11(7j + −3) = 11 · 7j + 11 · −3] [11 · 7j + 11 · −3 = 77j + −33] Substitute the results into the expression. (77j + −10j ) + (75 + −33) Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Substitute the results into the expression. 77j + −10j + 75 + −33 Use the associative property for addition. 67j + 42 a(a + 4) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 [a(a + 4) = a · a + a · 4] [a · a + a · 4 = a2 + 4a] (a2 + 4a) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 4a + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 3a2 + 4a + −2a + 10 (a2 + 3a2) + (4a + −2a) + 10 [a2 + 3a2 = 4a2] [4a + −2a = 2a] (4a2) + (2a) + 10 4a2 + 2a + 10 66. Add the second term using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the commutative property for multiplication for the second term. 5(15 + −2j ) + 11(7j + −3) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the associative property for addition. [5(15 + −2j ) = 5 · 15 + 5 · −2j] [5 · 15 + 5 · −2j = 75 + −10j] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Substitute the results into the expression. [75 + −33 = +42] Substitute the results into the expression.

Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with different signs. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Remove the parentheses. Use the commutative property of addition to put the terms in exponential order. Substitute the results into the expression. 3r2 + r (2 + −r) + 6(r + 4) [r (2 + −r) = r · 2 + r · −r] [r · 2 + r · −r = 2r + −r2] [6(r + 4) = 6 · r + 6 · 4] [6 · r + 6 · 4 = 6r + 24] 3r2 + (2r + −r2) + (6r + 24) 3r2 + 2r + −r2 + 6r + 24 3r2 + −r2 + 2r + 6r + 24 (3r2 + −r2) + (2r + 6r) + 24 [3r2 + −r2 = 2r2] [2r + 6r = 8r] (2r2) + (8r) + 24 2r2 + 8r + 24 35 Team-LRN . Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Add the second term using the rules for terms with the same signs. Remove the parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and change 9(x + −6) + x(3 + −x) [9(x + −6) = 9 · x + 9 · −6] [9 · x + 9 · −6 = 9x + −54] [x(3 + −x) = x · 3 + x · −x] [x · 3 + x · −x = 3x + −x2] (9x + −54) + (3x + −x2) 9x + −54 + 3x + −x2 9x + 3x + −54 + −x2 (9x + 3x) + −54 + −x2 (12x) + −54 + −x2 12x − (+54) + −x2 −x2 + 12x − 54 the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. Add terms in parentheses using the rules for terms with the same signs. 68. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term.501 Algebra Questions 67. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term.

Use the associative property for addition. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Add the second set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. 70. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the fourth term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the commutative property of addition to move terms together. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Add the ﬁrst set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Remove the parentheses. + −2d) + 21c + −3(d + −5) [−7(c + −2d) = −7 · c + −7 · −2d ] [−7 · c + −7 · −2d = −7c + +14d ] [−3(d + −5) = −3 · d + −3 · −5] [−3 · d + −3 · −5 = −3d + +15] (−7c + +14d) + 21c + (−3d + +15) −7c + +14d + 21c + −3d + +15 21c + −7c + +14d + −3d + +15 (21c + −7c) + (+14d + −3d) + +15 (14c) + (11d) + 15 14c + 11d + 15 36 Team-LRN . Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Substitute the results into the last expression. Remove the parentheses. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative and commutative properties for addition. Change subtraction to addition and the 2x + −x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x + −y) [−x(5 + y) = −x · 5 + −x · y] [−x · 5 + −x · y = −5x + −xy] [4(2x + −y) = 4 · 2x + 4 · −y] [4 · 2x + 4 · −y = 8x + −4y] 2x + (−5x + −xy) + 3xy + (8x + −4y) 2x + −5x + −xy + 3xy + 8x + −4y (2x + −5x + 8x) + (−xy + 3xy) + (−4y) [2x + −5x + 8x = 5x] [−xy + 3xy = 2xy] (−5x) + (2xy) + (−4y) 5x + 2xy −4y −7(c sign of the terms that follow. Remove the parentheses. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers.501 Algebra Questions 69.

Remove the parentheses. Substitute the results into the original expression. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the associative property for addition. 5(3x + −y) + x(5 + 2y) + −4(3 + x) [5(3x + −y) = 5 · 3x + 5 · −y] [5 · 3x + 5 · −y = 15x + −5y] [x(5 + 2y) = x · 5 + x · 2y] [x · 5 + x · 2y = 5x + 2xy] [−4(3 + x) = −4 · 3 + −4 · x] [−4 · 3 + −4 · x = −12 + −4x] (15x + −5y)+ (5x + 2xy) + (−12 + −4x) 15x + −5y+ 5x + 2xy + −12 + −4x (15x + 5x + −4x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) − (+5y) + 2xy − (+12) 16x − 5y + 2xy − 12 37 Team-LRN . Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Remove the parentheses. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms.501 Algebra Questions 71. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term.

501 Algebra Questions 72. [−2n · 3 + −2n · −m = −6n + +2mn] Substitute the results into the original expression. 9(2x + −t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) [9(2x + −t) = 9 · 2x + 9 · −t] [9 · 2x + 9 · −t = 18x + −9t] [x(−4 + 5t) = x · −4 + x · 5t] [x · −4 + x · 5t = −4x + 5xt] (18x + −9t) + 23xt + (−4x + 5xt) 18x + −9t + 23xt + −4x + 5xt 38 Team-LRN . [3m · n + 3m · 5 = 3mn + 15m] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. 6(m + −3n) + 3m(n + 5) + −2n(3 + −m) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the results into the expression. (6m + −18n) + (3mn + 15m) + (−6n + +2mn) Remove the parentheses. [6(m + −3n) = 6 · m + 6 · −3n] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [3m(n + 5) = 3m · n + 3m · 5] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the associative property for addition. (6m + 15m) + (3mn + +2mn) + (−6n + −18n) Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. 6m + −18n + 3mn + 15m + −6n + +2mn Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 21m + 5mn − 24n 73. [−2n(3 + −m) = −2n · 3 + −2n · −m] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. (21m) + (5mn) + (−24n) Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. [6 · m + 6 · −3n = 6m + −18n] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Remove the parentheses.

Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Substitute into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Remove the parentheses. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the results into the expression. Remove the parentheses. Add like terms. Use the associative property for addition. Use the associative property for addition. 18x + −4x + −18t + 23xt + 5xt (18x + −4x) + −9t + (23xt + 5xt) (14x) + −9t + (28xt) 14x − +9t + 28xt 14x − 9t + 28xt 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)} + 5a2 [2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)] [2a(a + 3) = 2a · a + 2a · 3] [2a · a + 2a · 3 = 2a2 + 6a] [6(4 + −a) = 6 · 4 + 6 · −a] [6 · 4 + 6 · −a = 24 + −6a] [(2a2 + 6a) + (24 + −6a)] [2a2 + 6a + 24 + −6a] [2a2 + 6a + −6a + 24] [2a2 + (6a + −6a) + 24] [2a2 + (0) + 24] [2a2 + 24] 4{2a2 + 24} + 5a2 [4 · 2a2 + 4 · 24] [8a2 + 96] (8a2 + 96) + 5a2 8a2 + 96 + 5a2 8a2 + 5a2 + 96 (8a2 + 5a2) + 96 13a2 + 96 74. Simplify the term inside the outer parentheses ﬁrst. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the identity property of addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. 39 Team-LRN . Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the associative property for addition.

Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term.501 Algebra Questions 75. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the associative property for addition. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. 8(2a + −b + −3c) + 3(2a + −b) + −4(6 + −b) [8(2a + −b + −3c) = 8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c] [8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c = 16a + −8b + −24c] [3(2a + −b) = 3 · 2a + 3 · −b] [3 · 2a + 3 · −b = 6a + −3b] [−4(6 + −b) = −4 · 6 + −4 · −b] [−4 · 6 + −4 · −b = −24 + +4b] (16a + −8b + −24c) + (6a + −3b) + (−24 + +4b) 16a + −8b + −24c + 6a + −3b + −24 + +4b 16a + 6a + −8b + −3b + +4b + −24c + −24 (16a + 6a) + (−8b + −3b + +4b) + −24c + −24 (22a) + (−7b) + −24c + −24 22a − 7b − 24c − 24 40 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow.

An equation is a mathematical statement where two expressions are set equal to each other. 4 Tips for Solving Basic Equations ■ ■ If a number is being added to or subtracted from a term on one side of an equation. If you add or subtract an amount from one side of the equation. Team-LRN . you can manipulate the equation to ﬁnd a solution. Look over the Tips for Solving Basic Equations before you begin this chapter’s questions. Simply put. But they all rely on the same rules. you can eliminate that number by performing the inverse operation. Using logic and mathematical operations. The inverse of addition is subtraction. There will be different solutions to similar problems to show a variety of methods for solving equations. you must do the same to the other side to maintain the equality. The inverse of subtraction is addition. The answer explanations will show and identify all the steps you will need to solve basic equations. that is what you have done when you have the variable on one side of the equal sign and a number on the other.Solving Basic Equations Solving equations is not very different from working with numerical or algebraic expressions.

76. then b( b ) = y. If a number is dividing a variable. a + 1 4 = 6 4 83. x − 25 = 32 78. If a variable is being multiplied by a coefﬁcient. 0. 45r = −30 91. b − 2 = − 3 84. −3y 3 1 5 2 1 = 18 89. you can multiply the term by the number. 95. The inverse of division is multiplication. you can eliminate the coefﬁcient by dividing both sides of the equation by that coefﬁcient. the value on the other side is your solution.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ The inverse of multiplication is division. 93. leaving you with just one of the variables. s − −3 = −1 82. 4x = −20 88. leaving you with y one of the variables.8 92. 12 − c = −9 81. 27b = 9 90. If b is a number ≠ 0. b − 24 = 86 80. c − 4( 2 − 5) = 20 85. a + 16 = 30 77. When you have the variable isolated on one side of the equation. 94. Just remember that you must do it to both sides. y + 17 = −12 79. then ax ÷ a = x. You can perform any operation to a term in an equation.2c = 5. If a is a number ≠ 0. x 9 = 16 y − −4 = 12 2 3 a = 54 8 − 5 b = 56 42 Team-LRN . m + 2(5 − 24) = −76 86. 2a = 18 87.

Only 2% of turtle hatchlings will live to become breeding adults. A business executive received a $6.5 times as many acres as he planted last year. What was the suggested selling price of the car? 97. This was 8 the suggested selling price of 7 the car. This was 1. How many acres did he plant this year? 100. This year a farmer planted 300 acres of corn. This was 5% of her annual salary. there were 54 crates ﬁlled with bears. Jack paid $21.000 for his new car. If each crate contained the same number of bears.501 Algebra Questions 96. How many turtles must have been born if the current number of breeding adults is 1.200? 99. How much was her annual salary before receiving the bonus? 43 Team-LRN .000 bonus check from her company at the end of the year. how many bears were in each packing crate? 98. After putting 324 teddy bears into packing crates.

Associate like terms. or [ ]. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 77. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Regardless of what symbol is used. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 79. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Zero is the identity element for addition.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Associate like terms. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Add +24 to each side of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 44 Team-LRN . Add 25 to each side of the equation. 76. { }. Associate like terms. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Zero is the identity element for addition. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. 78. ( ). Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Zero is the identity element for addition. a + (16 − 16) = (30 − 16) a + (0) = (14) a = 14 25 + x − 25 = 32 + 25 x + 25 − 25 = 32 + 25 x + (25 − 25) = (32 + 25) x + (0) = (57) x = 57 y + 17 − 17 = −12 − 17 y + (17 − 17) = (−12 − 17) y + (17 + −17) = (−12 + −17) y + (0) = −29 y = −29 b + −24 = 86 b + −24 + +24 = 86 + +24 b + (−24 + 24) = (86 + 24) b + (0) = 110 b = 110 Use the commutative property for addition.

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. 5 45 Team-LRN . Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and change the 12 + −c = −9 12 + −c + +c = −9 + +c 12 + (−c + +c) = −9 + +c 12 + (0) = −9 + c 12 = −9 + c +9 + 12 = +9 + −9 + c (+9 + 12) = (+9 + −9) + c (21) = (0) + c 21 = c s + +3 = −1 s + +3 + −3 = −1 + −3 s + (+3 + −3) = −1 + −3 s + (0) = (−4) s = −4 a + 1 4 + −1 4 = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (1 4 + −1 4 ) = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (0) = 4 2 a = 42 b + −2 = −3 b + −2 − −2 = −3 − −2 b + (− 2 − − 2 ) = − 3 − − 2 b + (− 2 + + 2 ) = − 3 + + 2 b + (0) = b = 16 5 11 6 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 3 3 1 3 3 3 1 3 sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Zero is the identity element for addition. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. 3 Associate like terms. Add −3 to each side of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.501 Algebra Questions 80. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Subtracting zero is the same as adding zero. Change the improper fraction to a mixed number. Subtract − 2 from both sides of the equation. 83. 81. Add +c to each side of the equation. 82. Add −1 4 to each side of the equation. Add +9 to each side of the equation.

Use the distributive property of multiplication. The order of operations is to multiply ﬁrst. Another method is as follows: 87. b= 45r 45 = −2 −30 r= Reduce fractions to their simplest form (common factor of 15). Zero is the identity element for addition. 86. Divide both sides of the equation by 45. Divide both sides of the equation by 2.501 Algebra Questions 84. Perform the operation in parentheses. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. r= −30 45 45 3 46 Team-LRN . Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Divide both sides of the equation by 27. Associate like terms. Subtract 18 from both sides of the equation. m + (2 · 5 − 2 · 24) = −76 Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Another look for this solution method is as follows: 88. 4x ÷ 4 = −20 ÷ 4 x = −20 ÷ 4 x = −5 =−4 x = −5 4x 4 20 −3y −3 = Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Divide both sides of the equation by −3. Associate like terms. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Perform the operation in parentheses. 89. 90. y= y = −6 27b 27 18 −3 18 −3 = 9 27 1 3 9 27 b= Reduce fractions to their simplest form. c + −4( 2 + −5) = 20 1 c + (−4 · 2 + −4 · −5) = 20 c + (−2 + +20) = 20 c + (18) = 20 c + 18 − 18 = 20 − 18 c + (18 − 18) = 20 − 18 c+0=2 c=2 m + (10 − 48) = −76 m + −38 + +38 = −76 + +38 m + (−38 + +38) = −76 + +38 m + (0) = −38 m = −38 2a ÷ 2 = 18 ÷ 2 a = 18 ÷ 2 a=9 = 2 a=9 2a 2 18 1 85. Add +38 to each side of the equation.

The 7 5 1 · 8 −280 8 ﬁrst and second sentences tell you that 8 of the suggested price = $21. Multiply both sides of the equation by −4. c = 0.2 Divide. There are several ways to multiply fractions and whole numbers. So your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 7 8.000 ÷ 7 x = 21. 92.2. Let x = the suggested selling price of the car. 8 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. 94. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. ÷ 8 = 21. Here’s one.2 c = 29 9( 9 ) = 9(16) x = 9(16) x = 144 · −4 = −4 · −12 y = −4 · −12 y = +48 = 48 ÷ 3 = 54 ÷ 2 a = 54 ÷ 3 a = 54 · a = 81 8 5b 3 2 2 3a 2 2 3 −4 x Multiply. Divide both sides of the equation by 3 . Multiply both sides of the equation by 9.501 Algebra Questions 91.000 · x = $24. 93.2c 0. 0. 95. Divide both sides of the equation by 5 . Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal.8 0.000 8 7 7 8x 7 8x = $21.000. = −56 ÷ 8 b = −56 ÷ 5 ÷ b = −56 · b= −56 8 5 8 5 5 8 b= b = −35 96.000 7 7 8 47 Team-LRN . 2 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal.2 = 5.8 5.000 ÷ 8 x = 21. y Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign.

Two percent of the turtles born is 1.000 ÷ 0. 98. so the equation becomes Divide both sides of the equation by 0.5 c = 200 salary equals her yearly bonus.200 The numerical equivalent of 2% is 0.200 ÷ 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 1. Let b = the number of bears in each packing crate. so the equation becomes 0. t = 60. Divide. 0.05 d = $120.5.200.05 = 6.200. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.05d = 6. Let c = the number of acres he planted last year. Your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 54. The ﬁrst sentence tells you that the number of packing crates times the number of bears in each is equal to the total number of bears. Let d = her annual salary.02.5 c ÷ 1. Your equation will be: The numerical equivalent of 5% is 0. 54b = 324 54b ÷ 54 = 324 ÷ 54 b = 324 ÷ 54 b=6 The ﬁrst sentence tells you that only 2% survive to adulthood.000 0.000 ÷ 0. Your equation will be: (2%)t = 1. Divide. (5%)d = $6. 0.5c = 300 1. 1.05d ÷ 0.000.02t ÷ 0.05.200 ÷ 0.000 48 Team-LRN .5 times c is 300.02 = 1.02 Divide.000 99.5 c = 300 ÷ 1. Five percent of her 1.05.02t = 1.02 t = 1.05 d = 6.5 = 300 ÷ 1. Divide. 100.02. Let t = the number of turtle hatchlings born.501 Algebra Questions 97.

or with parentheses like this: 5(3) = 15. Use and get used to both. Similarly. Or it can be shown using a fraction 10 bar like this: 10 ÷ 2 = 2 = 5. division can be shown using the standard division symbol ÷. as in 10 ÷ 2 = 5. In equations. Both conventions will be used in the answers. 5 Tips for Solving Multi-Step Equations ■ ■ ■ There are at least two ways to show multiplication.Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving multi-step equations simply combines the work you have done in the previous chapters. In algebra. the convention is to show multiplication with either a · like this: 5 · 3 = 15. The solution techniques for the two types of basic equations you worked on in Chapter 4 are both utilized in the equations in this chapter. this becomes confusing. so you should get used to either one. You may be used to seeing multiplication shown with an × like this: 5 × 3 = 15. Just substitute the value you ﬁnd for the variable and work Team-LRN . Check your answers before looking at the answer solutions.

5 117. Find the solutions to the following equations. 2 3m + 8 = 20 3 112.7 = 3 = 25 − s 119.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ each side of the equation as if it were a numerical expression. 3x − 9 = 15 104. let the unknown quantity be equal to the variable.25 = 1 111. Then write the equation based on the information stated in the problem. 4 = 4a + 20 109. To write an equation for a word problem. 4m − 14 = 50 115.3a + 0. 9 = 4 m − 3 113. 101. If the quantities you ﬁnd are equal. 106. For 2 3 example. 0. −55 50 Team-LRN . 7m − 6 = −2. 41 − 2m = 61 114. 2m 5 + 16 = 24 116. 4x + 3 = 11 102. your solution is correct. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. 13x + 21 = 60 103. 10a + 5 = 7 110. x 3 x 7 + 4 = 10 −5=1 107. 9 ÷ 3 = 9( 2 ). 10s − 6 = 0 118. 5x − 6 = −26 105. 36 = 3a − 9 108. s 4 + 2. 8s − 5 = 35 120.

How many months will it be before he will sell the animal? 122.50 per hour. This was $8 less than three times its value at the beginning of the year. She earned $64. and then solving the equation. how many boys participate? 51 Team-LRN . a share of stock in Axon Corporation was worth $37. What is Bill’s hourly wage? 123.50 less than twice Bill’s hourly wage. At year’s end.000 more than 1. Mary earns $1. He expects it to gain 12 pounds per month. 121. A farmer is raising a hog that weighed 20 lbs. Twenty-ﬁve more girls than 3 the number of boys participate in inter2 scholastic sports at a local high school. What was her salary at her previous employment? 125.5 times her former salary by changing jobs. If the number of girls participating is 105. Jennifer earned $4.501 Algebra Questions Solve the following word problems by letting a variable equal the unknown quantity. He will sell it when it weighs 200 lbs. when he bought it. What was the price of a share of Axon stock at the beginning of the year? 124.000 at her new job. making an equation from the information given. Mary earns $12.

Add 9 to each side of the equation. 103. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. { }. ( ). Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Zero is the identity element for addition. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Subtract 21 from both sides of the equation. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 13. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 102. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add 6 to each side of the equation. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Regardless of what symbol is used. 104. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 52 Team-LRN . Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms. or [ ]. 101. Zero is the identity element for addition. 4x + 3 − 3 = 11 − 3 4x + (3 − 3) = (11 − 3) 4x + (0) = (8) 4x = 8 4x ÷ 4 = 8 ÷ 4 x=2 13x + 21 − 21 = 60 − 21 13x + (21 − 21) = (60 − 21) 13x + (0) = (39) 13x = 39 13x ÷ 13 = 39 ÷ 13 x=3 3x − 9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + −9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + (−9 + 9) = 15 + 9 3x + (0) = 24 3x = 24 3x ÷ 3 = 24 ÷ 3 x=8 5x − 6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + −6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + (−6 + 6) = −26 + 6 5x + (0) = −20 5x = −20 5x ÷ 5 = −20 ÷ 5 x = −4 Associate like terms.

Perform numerical operations. 108. Zero is the identity element for addition. Perform numerical operations. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Add 5 to each side of the equation. Perform numerical operations. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Multiply both sides of the equation by 7. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation. x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 + 4 − 4 = 10 − 4 + (4 − 4) = 10 − 4 + (0) = 6 Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. 10a + 5 − 5 = 7 − 5 10a + (5 − 5) = 7 − 5 10a + (0) = 2 10a = 2 = 10 a = 0.2 or 10a 10 2 1 5 53 Team-LRN . =6 x 3( 3 ) = 3(6) x = 18 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 106. Perform numerical operations. Multiply both sides of the equation by 3.501 Algebra Questions 105. Add 9 to each side of the equation. Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms. =6 x 7( 7 ) = 7(6) x = 42 36 + 9 = 3a − 9 + 9 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 45 = 3a + (0) 45 = 3a 45 ÷ 3 = 3a ÷ 3 15 = a 4 − 20 = 4a + 20 − 20 4 − 20 = 4a + (20 − 20) −16 = 4a + (0) −16 = 4a = 4 −4 = a 4 −16 107. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 4a 109. Associate like terms. −5+5=1+5 + −5 + 5 = 1 + 5 + (−5 + 5) = 1 + 5 + (0) = 6 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 3.

114.25 − 0.75 0.25 0. 112. 113. −2.3. 3 3 3 4 3 (12) 4 3 Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by Use the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 the reciprocal of 3 . Zero is the identity element for addition.75 = 0. Zero is the identity element for addition.25 − 0.3a + (0) = 0. Associate like terms. 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m + 8 − 8 = 20 − 8 + (8 − 8) = 20 − 8 + (0) = 12 = 12 3 = 2 (12) m = 18 9 + 3 = 4m − 3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + −3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + (−3 + 3) 12 = 4 m + (0) 12 = 4 m = 3 ( 4 m) 16 = m 41 − 41 − 2m = 61 − 41 (41 − 41) − 2m = 61 − 41 (0) − 2m = 20 −2m = 20 −2m −2m −2 3 2 2 ( 3 m) 3 3 3 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.3a 0. 111. 54 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Zero is the identity element for addition.25 0.3 a = 2.3a + 0.3a + (0. Perform numerical operations. Subtract 41 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the result.5 0.25) = 1 − 0.3a = 0. Zero is the identity element for addition. Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation.3 0. Subtract 0.75 Associate like terms.25 = 1 − 0. Perform numerical operations. which in this case is −2m. = 20 = 20 −2 m = −10 4m − 14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + −14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + (−14 + 14) = 50 + 14 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions 110. Multiply both sides of the equation by the reciprocal of 4 . 0. Add 3 to both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations. Perform numerical operations. You can change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the term following to its opposite. Add 14 to each side of the equation.25 from both sides of the equation.

= 2 m = 20 = ( 5 )m. 10s − 6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + −6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + (−6 + 6) = 0 + 6 10s + (0) = 6 10s 10 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. 55 = 3 5 6 10 s= = 0. Perform numerical operations. Or you can recognize that Then you would multiply by the reciprocal of the coefﬁcient.5 + 6 7m + (−6 + 6) = −2. Zero is the identity element for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Multiply both sides of the equation by 5.5 + 6 7m + (0) = 3.5 + 6 7m + −6 + 6 = −2. Express the answer in the simplest form. 2m 5 + 16 − 16 = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (16 − 16) = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (0) = 8 2m 5 =8 2m 5( 5 ) = 5(8) 5 2m 1 ( 5 ) = 40 5 · 2m 1 · 5 = 40 10m 5 2m 2 2m 5 = 40 40 2m = 40 Divide both sides by 2.5 7m 7 3. Zero is the identity element for addition.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations.5 5 2 2 ( 5 )m 116. Add 6 to each side of the equation. Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Associate like terms. Associate like terms. There are two methods for solving. 4m + (0) = 64 4m = 64 = 4 m = 16 4m 4 64 115. Perform numerical operations.5 = 7 m = 0. The variable in the numerator has a coefﬁcient. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. This equation presents a slightly different look. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. Add 6 to each side of the equation. 5 2 = ( 2 )8 m = 20 7m − 6 + 6 = −2.6 Team-LRN . Use rules for multiplying whole numbers and fractions. 117.

Associate like terms. Subtract 2. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.50 to both sides of the equation. Multiply both sides of the equation by 4. 2x − 1. Associate like terms. 4( 4 ) = 4(0. but the term remaining is −s. plus the starting weight (20).7 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. you −1(−80) = −1(−s) will be left with a +s or just s. Divide both sides of the equation by 12. 8s 8 40 − 25 = 25 − 25 − s Change subtraction to addition and change −55 + −25 = 25 + −25 + −s the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. 12x + 20 − 20 = 200 − 20 12x + (20 − 20) = 200 − 20 12x + (0) = 180 12x 12 180 = 12 x = 15 The farmer would have to wait 15 months before selling his hog.7 − 2. 2x − 1. The number of months (x).50 + 1.50.50 56 Team-LRN . 80 = s 121. Let x = the number of months.50 + 1. Perform numerical operations.501 Algebra Questions 118.50 is equal to Mary’s hourly wage. The equation representing the last statement would be Add 1. Perform numerical operations. Express the answer in simplest form.2 8s − 5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + −5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + (−5 + 5) = 35 + 5 8s + (0) = 40 = 8 s=5 −55 119. An equation that represents these words would be Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation. If you multiply both sides by −1. Use the rules for operating with signed numbers.3 s Associate like terms. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation. 120. Then 2x less $1.50 = 12. times 12 (pounds per month). s 4 s 4 s 4 + 2. 122. will be equal to 200 pounds. (−55 + −25) = (25 + −25) + −s −80 = (0) + −s Perform numerical operations.7 = 3 − 2. 12x + 20 = 200. Let x = Bill’s hourly wage.50 = 12. Add 5 to each side of the equation.7) = 3 − 2. −80 = −s Zero is the identity element for addition.7 + (0) = 0.7 − 2.3) s = 1. Perform numerical operations. You are to solve for s.7 + (2.

The statements tell us that if we multiply the share price at the beginning of the year by 3 and then subtract $8. 3x − 8 + 8 = 37 + 8 3x = 45 3x 3 45 = 3 x = 15 One share of Axon cost $15 at the beginning of the year.000 from both sides of the equation.00 per hour.5x + 4.5x equation by 1. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Multiply by the reciprocal of 3 . Subtract 4. 2 3 x + 25 − 25 = 2 3 x = 80 3 2 3 2 ( 3 x) = 2 (80) 105 − 25 x = 120 57 Team-LRN .000 − 4.00 123. Bill’s hourly wage is $7.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations. An equation that represents this statement is Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation. An equation that represents this amount is Add 8 to both sides of the equation. 1.000.5.000 − 4. The number of boys who participate is 120. The question tells us 2 that 3 the number of boys plus 25 is equal to the number of girls who participate. it will equal $37.000 Perform numerical operations. 125. Let x = the number of boys who participate in interscholastic sports.5 times x plus $4.000 = 1. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. Perform numerical operations. 124.000 = 1.5 40.000 1.5 = 1.5x + 4. The statements tell us that $64.000 is equal to 1. 60.000 per year. 64. 2x = 14. 3x − 8 = 37. Perform numerical operations. An algebraic equation to represent this statement is 64.000.000 = x Jennifer’s former salary was $40. Let x = the share price at the beginning of the year. 2 2 3 x + 25 = 105. Let x = her previous salary.000 = 1.00 2x 2 14.00 = 2 x = 7.5x Divide both sides of the 60.

Team-LRN . and refer to the answer explanations as you try and solve the equations by yourself. If your sequence of steps is not identical to the solution shown. that’s all right. And it demonstrates your mastery of the processes involved in doing algebra. but you are getting the correct answers. Work through the questions carefully.Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of an Equation If you have been solving the problems in this book with some success. you will move easily into this chapter. 6 Tips for Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of the Equation Use the distributive property of multiplication to expand and separate terms. There is often more than one way to ﬁnd a solution. Notice that what follows are variations on the basic distributive property. Then check your answers with the solutions provided.

As you begin to practice solving the following equations. 7(x + 2) + 1 = 3(x + 14) − 4x 137. or some number.501 Algebra Questions a(b − c) = ab − ac −1(b + c) = −b − c −1(b − c) = −b + c or −(b − c) = −b + c The object is to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. 126. In the instance where you have eliminated the variable altogether from the equation and end up with two values that do not equal each other—such as 5 = 7. 3x + 12 − 0. 10x + 27 − 5x − 46 = 32 + 3x − 19 130. 12x − 4(x − 1) = 2(x − 2) + 16 59 Team-LRN . 13x + 3(3 − x) = −3(4 + 3x) − 2x 140. Find the solutions for the following equations.1 = −1. therefore there are an inﬁnite number of solutions.2x = 10 − 0. 20x − 11 − 3x = 9x + 43 131.2 − 3x 135. 13 − 8(x − 2) = 7(x + 4) + 46 139.4 − 0. In that instance.8x − 9. In another instance. you have found the solution. 5x + 3 + 6x = 10x + 9 − x 129.4 + 3x − 0.25 = 1. any value can make the equation true. 2(2x + 19) − 9x = 9(13 − x) + 21 141. you ﬁnd that the solution seems to be the variable. 10x + 9 = 2x − 7 127.2x + 11 133. a set containing no elements. 2 + 5x − 0. is equal to itself. 1.4 136. subtract.3 + 5x − 0. and divide variables on both sides of an equation just as you did with numerical values. Stated another way.8x = 3. 2x + 17 − 1. remember that you can add. multiply. 3x − 23 = 54 − 4x 128. which we know is not true—there is said to be no solution for the equation. the solution is the null set—that is.3 = 4x + 2 134. 0. There are two instances that sometimes occur when solving equations. 3(5x + 4) = 5x − 28 138. When the variable stands alone on one side of the equation.15 − 2x 132.

7(x − 10) + 110 = 4(x − 25) + 7x 150.2x) 146. 144.9x 60 Team-LRN . 10(x + 2) + 7(1 − x) = 3(x + 9) 147.3(3 − 0.7(5 + x) − 0. 4(9 − x) = 2x − 6(x + 6) 148.5 = 0. 0.501 Algebra Questions 142.7(0.2x − 1) = 0. 5 2 (x − 2) + 3x = 3(x + 1 1 6( 2 x + 2 ) = 3(x + 1) 4 2) − 10 145. 3(3x + 4) − 7 = 13(x + 1) 149. 0. 2x + 1 5 x = 1 + 3x 143.8(x + 20) − 4.

Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Simplify. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. so this answer is a correct solution. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Simplify. 61 Team-LRN . Simplify. Simplify by combining like terms.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Identity property of 0 for addition. { }. Let’s check the answer. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. Now add 4x to both sides. Simplify. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Simplify. Add 23 to both sides of the equation. Regardless of what symbol is used. Identity property of 0 for addition. Solution. 3x − 23 + 23 = 54 + 23 − 4x 3x + 0 = 77 − 4x 3x = 77 − 4x 3x + 4x = 77 − 4x + 4x 7x = 77 = 7 x = 11 7x 7 77 127. 126. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. ( ). Substitute −2 for x in the original equation. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. 10x + 9 − 9 = 2x − 7 − 9 10x + (0) = 2x − 16 10x = 2x − 16 10x − 2x = 2x − 2x − 16 8x = −16 = 8 1x = −2 x = −2 8x 8 −16 10(−2) + 9 = 2(−2) − 7 −20 + 9 = −4 − 7 −11 = −11 The result is a true statement. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Simplify. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. or [ ].

Simplify. Add 19 to both sides of the equation. 10x − 5x + 27 − 46 = 3x + 32 − 19 5x − 19 = 3x + 13 5x + 19 − 19 = 3x + 19 + 13 5x = 3x + 32 5x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 32 2x = 32 = 2 x = 16 2x 2 32 10(16) + 27 − 5(16) − 46 = 32 + 3(16) − 19 (160) + 27 − (80) − 46 = 32 + (48) − 19 62 Team-LRN . 129. Subtract 3 from both sides. Use the commutative property 5x + 6x + 3 = 10x − x + 9 11x + 3 = 9x + 9 11x + 3 − 3 = 9x + 9 − 3 11x = 9x + 6 11x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 6 2x = 6 =2 x=3 2x 2 6 187 − 80 − 46 = 80 −19 107 − 46 = 61 61 = 61 The previous statement is true. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify by multiplying factors. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. Use the commutative property of addition with like terms. Add and subtract from left to right. Substitute 16 for x in the original equation.501 Algebra Questions 128. the solution is correct. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. of addition with like terms. therefore. Let’s check this answer. Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. Simplify. Parentheses are not needed. Now subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Simplify.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation.2x to both sides of the equation.8x + 17 − 17 = 21 − 17 − 0.2x + 0. Subtract 0.25 = 1. 132.4 − 0.75 3x + 0.2x 0.501 Algebra Questions 130.8x + 17 = 21 − 0.8x + 0. Add 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0. Add 2x to both sides of the equation.8x = 4 − 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0. Simplify the expression.2x 0.15 − 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 8.2x + 17 = 10 + 11 − 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.2x = 4 − 0.2x 1x = 4 x=4 63 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. 2x − 1. Identity property of addition.15 = 1. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Add 11 to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property to move like terms. Simplify.15 − 2x 3x + (0) = 1 − 2x 3x = 1 − 2x 3x + 2x = 1 − 2x + 2x 5x = 1 5x 5 8x 8 54 like terms. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.15 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property with = 1 5 1 5 x= like terms. Use the commutative property to move 20x − 3x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x + 11 − 11 = 9x + 43 + 11 17x = 9x + 54 17x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 54 8x = 54 = 8 x = 6.2x 0. Simplify. Identity property of multiplication.15 − 0. 131.15 = 1. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation.

5x + 1.7 = 4x + 2 Subtract 1. 5x − 4x = 4x − 4x + 0.4 − 0.15 = 1.15 − 0.15 = 1.7 − 2 = 4x + 2 − 2 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression.15 = 1.3 Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation.25) = 1.7 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. As long as you do proper math. try subtracting 2 from both sides of the equation.15 − 0. 5x − 5x − 0.7. Associate like terms.15 − 2x 3x + (0. Identity property of addition.7 = 4x + 2 − 1.15 5x + 0 = 1 5x = 1 =5 x = 0. Use the commutative property with like terms. Now divide both sides by the coefﬁcient of −0. Add 2x to both sides of the equation. Remove the parentheses.15 5x + 0. 64 Team-LRN .3 = −x equation.2 5x 5 1 134. 5x − 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0.15 from both sides of the equation.15) = 1.4 − 0.3 Let’s try this a slightly different way.3 −x the variable x which is −1. 5x + 2 − 0. Simplify.3 = 4x + 2 Combine like terms and simplify the expression.3 = 4x Now subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Instead of adding 1. Subtract 0.3 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 5x + 1. 0.25 = 1. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. −1 = −1 Dividing like signs results in a positive. 3x + 0. Associate like terms on each side of the equation.15 − 2x 3x + (0.15 − 2x 3x + 2x + 0. you can manipulate an equation many ways and still get the correct solution. 5x = 4x + 0.15 + (2x − 2x) 5x + 0.15 = 1.15 + 2x − 2x (3x + 2x) + 0. 5x + 1.15 = 1.3 = 4x − 5x Combine like terms on each side of the −0.7 Combine like terms and simplify the expression.7 − 1.501 Algebra Questions 133. Simplify the expression. x = 0.3 = x The answer will be the same. Use the commutative property with like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.

8x 2. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation.8x (3x − 0.8x 2.2x + 0.4 − 0.8x 2.4) − 0. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Add 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. Use the commutative property with like terms.8x 2. Simplify the expression. Add x to both sides of the equation.8x to both sides of the equation.2x + 12 = −6 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x = −18 + 0.2x + (0) = (−18) − 0.4 − 9.2x + 12 − 12 = −6 − 12 − 0. Identity property of addition. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property with like terms.4 − 9. Simplify the expression.2x = −18 − 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 3.8x + 12 = 3.501 Algebra Questions 135. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 136.8x − 0. Associate like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. Associate like terms on each side of the equation.8x 2. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 7(x) + 7(2) + 1 = 3(x) + 3(14) − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x + 42 − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x − 4x + 42 7x + 15 = −1x + 42 7x + 15 − 15 = −1x + 42 − 15 7x = −1x + 27 7x + x = x + −1x + 27 8x = 27 8x 8 = x= 27 8 3 38 65 Team-LRN .2x + (12 − 12) = (−6 − 12) − 0.8x) + 12 = (3.8x 2. Use the distributive property of 3x − 0.8x 3x = −18 = 3 x = −6 3x 3 −18 multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.

501 Algebra Questions 137. 138. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Add 8x to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. 139. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of 13 − 8(x) − 8(−2) = 7(x) + 7(4) + 46 13 − 8x + 16 = 7x + 28 + 46 13 + 16 − 8x = 7x + 28 + 46 29 − 8x = 7x + 74 29 + 8x − 8x = 8x + 7x + 74 29 = 15x + 74 29 − 74 = 15x + 74 − 74 −45 −45 = 15x 15x = 15 −3 = x 15 multiplication. Simplify the expression. Use the distributive property of 3(5x) + 3(4) = 5x − 28 15x + 12 = 5x − 28 15x + 12 − 12 = 5x − 28 − 12 15x = 5x − 40 15x − 5x = 5x − 5x − 40 10x = −40 = 10 −4 x= 10x 10 −40 multiplication. Add 11x to both sides of the equation. Subtract 74 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property with like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 15. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 13x + 3(3) − 3(x) = −3(4) − 3(3x) − 2x 13x + 9 − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 13x − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 10x = −12 − 11x 9 + 10x + 11x = −12 − 11x + 11x 9 + 21x = −12 9 − 9 + 21x = −12 − 9 66 Team-LRN . Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.

Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use order of operations. 2(2x) + 2(19) − 9x = 9(13) − 9(x) + 21 4x + 38 − 9x = 117 − 9x + 21 38 + 4x − 9x = 117 + 21 − 9x 38 − 5x = 138 − 9x 38 − 38 − 5x = 138 − 38 − 9x −5x −5x = 100 − 9x + 9x = 100 − 9x + 9x 4x = 100 = 4 x = 25 4x 4 100 2(2(25) + 19) − 9(25) = 9(13 − (25)) + 21 2(50 + 19) − 225 = 9(−12) + 21 2(69) − 225 = −108 + 21 138 − 225 = −87 −87 = −87 The solution is correct. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 38 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Use the commutative property with like terms. 67 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Add 9x to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 21. Simplify the expression. Use the distributive property of 21x = −21 = 21 −1 x= 21x 21 −21 multiplication. 140.

Simplify the expression. 142. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Reduce fractions to simplest terms. 3 + 3 − Simplify the expression. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. = 4 3 − 4 3 + 16 3 5 x = 1 + 3x 3 5 x − 3x = 1 + 3x − 3x 4 5x 4 4 Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the expression. Simplify the equation by adding like terms. 48 3 − 4 3 = − 3 + 16 4 3 4 Add 4 to both sides of the 3 48 4 equation. Use the distributive property =1 5 4 4 ( 5 x) 5 x= 4 = 4 (1) 5 on both sides. Remember that division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by the reciprocal 5 of the fraction.501 Algebra Questions 141. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. so this solution is correct. 5 5 2 (x) − 2 (2) + 3x = 3(x) + 3(2) 5 2 x − 5 + 3x = 3x + 6 − 10 − 10 68 Team-LRN . You can multiply by 4 . 12x − 4(x) − 4(−1) = 2(x) + 2(−2) + 16 12x − 4x + 4 = 2x − 4 + 16 8x + 4 = 2x + 12 8x + 4 − 4 = 2x + 12 − 4 8x = 2x + 8 8x − 2x = 2x − 2x + 8 6x = 8 6x 6 = 4 3 8 6 x= x = 13 12( 3 ) − 4(( 3 ) − 1) = 2(( 3 ) − 2) + 16 4 4 4 1 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 − 3 ) = 2( 3 − 3 ) + 16 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 ) = 2( 3 ) + 16 4 1 −2 4 4 3 4 6 Multiply. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. Operate inside the parentheses ﬁrst. Simplify the expression. Change whole numbers to fractional equivalents. Simplify the expression. 143. Simplify the expression. 16 = 16 A true statement. 4 Divide both sides of the equation by 5 .

9 0. 0.06x to both sides of the equation.2x 0. Add 0. 5 2x + 3x − 5 = 3x + 6 − 10 2( 2 x + 3x − 5) = 2(3x + 6 − 10) 2( 2 x) + 2(3x) − 2(5) = 2(3x) + 2(6) − 2(10) 5x + 6x − 10 = 6x + 12 − 20 11x − 10 = 6x − 8 11x − 10 + 10 = 6x − 8 + 10 11x = 6x + 2 11x − 6x = 6x − 6x + 2 5x = 2 5x 5 5 5 = 2 5 2 5 1 1 x= 144. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.9 + 0. 145.9 − 0.6 = x=8 69 0. 3 = 3 Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.14x + 0.2 1. Simplify the expression.7 0. 6( 2 x) + 6( 2 ) = 3(x) + 3(1) 3x + 3 = 3x + 3 3x + 3 − 3 = 3x + 3 − 3 3x = 3x 3x 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.7(1) = 0. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. In this case.14x − 0.7 + 0. Use the distributive property on both sides.7 = 0.3(3) − 0.7 to both sides of the equation. that would be a 2. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x − 0. A simple way to avoid having to operate with fractions is to multiply the equation by a factor that will eliminate the denominator.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property with like terms.2 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property on both sides.6x + 0. Simplify the expression.2x − 0. Simplify the expression. Use the distributive property. Simplify the expressions.06x − 0. Simplify the expressions.06x 0. x=x There are an inﬁnite number of solutions for this equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.7(0.2x = 1. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x) 0. Add 10 to both sides of the equation.7 = 0.9 − 0. Subtract 6x from both sides of the equation.2.6 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Add 0. Simplify the expression.7 = 0.3(0.06x 0.7 = 0.2x) − 0.

Combine like terms. 10(x) + 10(2) + 7(1) − 7(x) = 3(x) + 3(9) Simplify the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication. = 4x 4x = 4 −2 = x 4 70 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. 147. 3(3x) + 3(4) − 7 = 13(x) + 13(1) 9x + 12 − 7 = 13x + 13 9x + 5 = 13x + 13 9x − 9x + 5 = 13x − 9x + 13 5 = 4x + 13 5 − 13 = 4x + 13 − 13 −8 −8 148. Subtract 13 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 10x − 7x + 20 + 7 = 3x + 27 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 4.501 Algebra Questions 146. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. x=x The solutions for this equation are inﬁnite. 3x + 27 − 27 = 3x + 27 − 27 Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. 36 = −36 This is not true. Another way of saying this is to say that the solution for this equation is the null set. 36 + 4x − 4x = 4x − 4x − 36 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. There is no solution for this equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 3x = 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3. 4(9) − 4(x) = 2x − 6(x) − 6(6) Simplify the expressions. 3x + 27 = 3x + 27 Looking familiar? Subtract 27 from both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 36 − 4x = 2x − 6x − 36 Combine like terms. 10x + 20 + 7 − 7x = 3x + 27 Use the commutative property with like terms. Simplify the expressions. 36 − 4x = −4x − 36 Add 4x to both sides of the equation.

Subtract 40 from both sides of the equation.5] = 10[0. Divide both sides of the equation by −4. it might make it easier for you. 10 = 10 Simplify the expression.7(5 + x)] − 10[0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 10[0. Subtract 11x from both sides of the equation. 10x = −80 Divide both sides of the −80 10x equation by 10. 8(x) + 8(20) − 45 = 7(5) + 7(x) − 9x Simplify the expressions. many of the terms are in decimal form.501 Algebra Questions 149. 8x + 2x = −80 − 2x + 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expressions. In this equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. If you multiply the equation by 10.9x] Use the distributive property of multiplication. You should look for opportunities to simplify your work. 8x + 115 = 35 − 2x Subtract 115 from both sides of the equation. 7(x) − 7(10) + 110 = 4(x) − 4(25) + 7x 7x − 70 + 110 = 4x − 100 + 7x 7x + 40 = 11x − 100 7x + 40 − 40 = 11x − 100 − 40 7x = 11x − 140 7x − 11x = 11x − 11x − 140 −4x −4x −4 = −140 −140 = −4 x = 35 150. 8(x + 20) − 45 = 7(5 + x) − 9x Use the distributive property again. 8x = −80 − 2x Add 2x to both sides of the equation.8(x + 20)] − 10[4.8(x + 20) − 4.7(5 + x) − 0. Simplify the expressions. 8x + 115 − 115 = 35 − 115 − 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation.5] = 10[0. 8x + 160 − 45 = 35 + 7x − 9x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication.9x] Simplify the expressions. 10[0. x = −8 71 Team-LRN . Combine like terms on each side of the equation.

Keep in mind the rules for order of operations. w = width. Put a question mark next to the equal sign in place of the value for the unknown variable. Team-LRN . you will generally be given values for all but one. You will be using your algebra problem solving skills in every problem. It can be helpful to list each variable with its given value.Using Formulas to Solve Equations Chances are you have been asked to use formulas to solve problems in math. In this chapter. Algebra is a useful skill to know when faced with problems in these areas. 7 Tips for Using Formulas to Solve Equations Given a formula with several variables. you will have the chance to solve word problems that could pop up in any one of these subject areas. social studies. These word problems require you to ﬁnd an unknown value in a formula. or technology. h = height. science. Then you will be asked to solve the equation for the missing variable. Select from these formulas the appropriate one to solve the following word problems: Volume of a rectangular solid: V = lwh where l = length.

What rate of speed would they have to average to complete the trail chapter as planned? 156. 152. At an interest rate of 6%.14).501 Algebra Questions Distance formula: D = rt where r = rate. t = time in years. if the lower base is three times the length of the upper? 73 Team-LRN . Over a three year period.500 loan was $1. How long will it take for a $3. What was the interest rate? 158. how much interest would $12. How far is it from Miami to Aruba? 154. A rectangular container has a volume of 98 ft3.000 earn over 2 years? 157. They planned to hike 6 hours per day and wanted to complete a trail chapter that was 45 miles long.000 savings account to double its value at a simple interest rate of 10%? 160. What is the area of a trapezoid whose height is 8 cm and whose bases are 12 cm and 16 cm? 161. A trapezoid with an area of 240 square inches has a height of 12 inches. A hiking group wanted to travel along a chapter of the Appalachian Trail for 3 days.000 in interest over 2 years at an annual rate of 4%. Find the volume of a rectangular solid whose length is 12 cm. r = interest rate. what is its height? 153.200 ft2? 162.14) where r = radius and h = height Surface area of a cylinder: S = 2πr (r + h) where r = radius of the base. What would be the height of a trapezoidal building if at its base it measured 80 feet. the total interest paid on a $4. and the surface area of one side was 7. An airplane ﬂies at an average velocity of 350 miles per hour. h = height of cylinder (let π = 3. width is 9 5 1 cm. In order to earn $1. how much principal must be put into a savings account? 159. t = time. If the length of the box is 7 ft. and its width is 3. Simple interest: I = prt where p = principal.5 ft. its rooﬂine measured 40 feet.620. Fahrenheit/Celsius equivalence: C = 9 (F − 32) Volume of a cylinder: V = πr 2h (let π = 3.5 hours. 151. and height is 4 cm. A ﬂight from Miami to Aruba takes 3. What are the lengths of the bases. Area of a trapezoid: A = 2 h(b1 + b2) where h = height and b1 and b2 are the bases. A bicycle tour group planned to travel 68 miles between two New England towns. How long would the trip take if they averaged 17 miles per hour for the trip? 155.

The height of the cylinder is 40 cm. 74 Team-LRN . What is its volume in cubic feet? 166.6 square inches and whose radius is 3 inches? 170. Jeff won’t play golf if the temperature falls below 50° Fahrenheit. He is going to a country where the temperature is reported in Celsius.512 square feet. You plan to visit a tropical island where the daytime temperature can reach 45° Celsius.501 Algebra Questions 163. What is the height of a cylinder whose surface area is 282. The height of the cylinder is three times the radius of the base of the cylinder. what is its height to the nearest foot? 168. Find the radius and the height of the cylinder.565 cubic feet. Find the radius of a cylinder whose volume is 339. A cylinder has a surface area of 2. What would that temperature be on the Fahrenheit scale? 164. If its radius is 12 feet. The radius of the base of a cylinder is 20 cm. The volume of a cylindrical aquarium tank is 13.) 165.12 cubic centimeters and whose height is 12 centimeters. What is its surface area? 169. A steel drum has a base with a radius of 2 feet and a height of 4 feet. What would Jeff ’s low temperature limit be in that country? (Round your answer to the nearest degree. 167.

Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression. 153. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Write the appropriate formula. D = rt D=? r = 350 t = 3.5. Divide both sides of the equation by 24.5h List the values for the variables.225 miles 75 Team-LRN . 152. Simplify the expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. List the values for the variables. Include the units. Substitute the values for the variables. Include the units.5 D = (350)(3. or [ ]. Include the units.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Substitute the values into the formula. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.5 4=h h = 4 feet 98 24.5 24.5)h 98 = 24. V = lwh V=? l = 12 cm w = 9 cm h = 4 cm V = (12)(9)(4) V = 432 V = 432 cm3 V = lwh V = 98 l=7 w = 3.5) D = 1. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Substitute the values into the formula. The simpliﬁed result is underlined. ( ). Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.5h = 24.225 D = 1. Simplify the expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. { }.5 h=? 98 = (7)(3. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 151. Write the applicable formula.

Write the applicable formula.06)(2) I = 1. Write the applicable formula. Substitute the given values into the formula.620 = (4. 157. List the values for the variables. Include the units. Divide both sides of the equation by 13. List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. t = 18 45 = r (18) 45 = 18r = 18 2. 155. Simplify the expression.440 I = $1. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Include the units.500)r (3) 1. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables.5 = r 45 18 18r 68 17 17t List the values for the variables. Substitute the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression.000)(0.5 miles per hour = r I = prt I=? p = 12. Divide both sides of the equation by 18.620 = 13.500r = 13. Team-LRN . D = rt D = 68 r = 17 t=? 68 = (17)t 68 = 17t = 17 4=t 4 hours = t D = rt D = 45 r=? 6 hrs 3 days · day = 18 hrs.501 Algebra Questions 154. Calculate the total number of hours.620 p = 4. Include the units. 158.500r List the values for the variables. 2. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula. Divide both sides of the equation by 17. Express as a percent. Substitute the given values into the formula.500.000 r = 6% t=2 I = (12.500 r=? t=3 1.440 I = prt I = 1. Substitute the given values into the formula. 156.12 = r 12% = r I = prt I = 1. Simplify the expression.500 0.000 p=? r = 4% t=2 76 1620 13500 13.

Divide both sides of the equation by 60.000 = p(0. Write the applicable formula.08 0. 1. Write the applicable formula.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the given values into the formula.000 0.08p To double its value. · 8 · (12 + 16) · 8 · 28 Include the units. Write the applicable formula.000 p = 3. 77 Team-LRN . 159. Substitute the given values into the formula.200 = 2 · h · 120 7.200 60 60h 1 1 List the values for the variables. Include the units.000 = 0.000 = 300t = 300 10 = t 10 years = t A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A=? b1 = 12 b2 = 16 h=8 A= A= 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 3. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.200 b1 = 40 b2 = 80 h=? 1 7.000)(0.08.000 r = 10% t=? 3. 161. Simplify the expression. Include the units. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression. 160.200 = 60 h = 60 120 = h 120 ft = h 7. the account would have to earn $3.08p = 0. I = 3.500 = p I = prt 1. Simplify the expression.10)t 3. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.04)(2) 1.000 in interest. A = · 224 A = 112 A = 112 cm2 A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 7.000 300 300t List the values for the variables.200 = 2 · h · (40 + 80) 7. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. Include the units.08 12.500 = p $12.000 = (3. Divide both sides of the equation by 300.

163. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9.501 Algebra Questions 162. C = 9 (F − 32) C=? F = 50 C = 9 (50 − 32) C = 9 (18) C = 9( 1 ) C = 10 5 18 5 5 78 Team-LRN . List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 164. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Write the applicable formula. Substitute 10 for x in the list of variables. Simplify the expression. A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 240 b1 = x b2 = 3x h = 12 240 = 1 2 1 2 1 Substitute the given values into the formula. Add 160 to both sides of the equation. List the values for the variables. Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. · 12 · (x + 3x) 240 = · 12 · 4x 240 = 6 · 4x 240 = 24x = 24 10 = x b = 10 b2 = 3(10) b2 = 30 C = 9 (F − 32) C = 45 F=? 45 = 9 (F − 32) 5 9(45) = 9[ 9 (F − 32)] 405 = 5(F − 32) 405 = 5F − 5(32) 405 = 5F − 160 405 + 160 = 5F + 160 − 160 565 = 5F = 5 113 = F 5 565 5 5F 5 5 240 24 24x Divide both sides of the equation by 24. Substitute the given values into the formula.

536 cm2 79 Team-LRN . 166.12 = 37. Write the applicable formula. Include the units.565 r = 12 h=? π = 3.16h 30 = h 30 feet = h 13. S = 2πr (r + h) S=? r = 20 h = 40 π = 3. Substitute the given values into the formula.16 = 452. Write the applicable formula.24 V = 50.501 Algebra Questions 165.14 S = 2(3. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.14 13.14)(20)(20 + 40) S = 7.12 r=? h = 12 π = 3.14)(12 2)h 13. Write the applicable formula. Substitute the given values into the formula.68 List the values for the variables. 167.24 ft3 V = πr2h V = 339. Simplify the expression. Include the units. Write the applicable formula.14)r2(12) 339.16.12 = (3. List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression.68r2 37.68 List the values for the variables.565 452. Include the units.536 S = 7.68. = 37.565 = 452.16h 452.12 37.14 339. Include the units. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 452.14 V = (3. V = πr2h V=? r=2 h=4 π = 3.14)(2)2(4) V = 50. V = πr2h V = 13. Simplify the expression.565 = (3.16 List the values for the variables.68 r2 9 = r2 3=r 3 cm = r 339. Substitute the given values into the formula. 168. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 37.

Write the applicable formula.512 25. Write the applicable formula.512 r=x h = 3x π = 3.512 = 6.12x2 Substitute the given values into the formula. Include the units. Divide both sides of the equation by 18. r = x = 10 feet h = 3x = 3(10) = 30 feet 80 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.14 2.84 226.52 = 56.512 = 2(3.14)(x)(x + 3 x) 2.84h 226. Subtract 56.52 + 18.84.6 = 18.6 − 56.84(3) + 18.12 25. Solve for x.84 Substitute the given values into the formula.84(h) 282.52 from both sides of the equation. = 12 = h 12 in = h 8.12. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 282.6 = 2(3.12 100 = x2 10 = x 2. Simplify the expression.08 = 18. Use the distributive property of multiplication.84 List the values for the variables. 170.84h 18.08 18.52 + 18.14 282. List the values for the variables.501 Algebra Questions 169. Simplify the expression. Substitute the value for x into the values list.52 − 56. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 2. Simplify the expression.84 h 282. Divide both sides of the equation by 25.14)(3)(3 + h) 282.6 = 56.84(3 + h) 282.28 x(4 x) = 25.6 = 18.6 r=3 h=? π = 3. Simplify the expression.

The solution of a linear equation is the set of ordered pairs that form a line on a coordinate graph. the slope is the rise over the run. Every point on the line is a solution for the equation. the m value is a number that represents the slope of the solution graph and the b is a number that represents the y-intercept. the equation with two variables must be written in the form y = mx + b. One method for graphing the solution is to use a table with x and y values that are solutions for the particular equation. The y-intercept is the point where the solution graph (line) crosses the y-axis. Another way of saying that is: The y-intercept is the place where the value of x is 0. 8 Tips for Graphing Linear Equations ■ Rewrite the given equation in the form y = mx + b. That is. Team-LRN . we will focus on the slope and yintercept method. From one point to another. The slope and y-intercept method may require you to change an equation into the slope-intercept form. But in this chapter. You select a value for x and solve for the y value. The slope of a line is the ratio of the change in the y value over the change in the x value from one point on the solution graph to another. Written in this form.Graphing Linear Equations This chapter asks you to ﬁnd solutions to linear equations by graphing.

− 4 = 4 = −4 . If the value of m is negative. use a negative sign in only the numerator 3 3 −3 or the denominator. y − 2 x = 3 2 179. y + 3x = −2 178. 20x − 15 = 5y 192. 2y + 4x = 10 181. 2 3y − 5 6x − 1 2x 1 3y =0 =2 190. y = 2 x − 3 176. y − 2x = 4 177. −5x 3 5 1 1 − y = −2 7 184. That is the point (0. 3x + 12y = −18 187.4x = −2 188. 189. Use the value of m as the slope of the equation. x − 3y = 15 182. The value of m is = change in x . not both. y = −2x + 6 174. 6y + 13x = 12 82 Team-LRN . y = 5x − 2 173. 2x + 5y = 30 180.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ Use the b value to determine where the line crosses the y-axis. y − 0. 7x = 4y + 8 191. x = 7y − 14 185. For example. Graph the following equations using the slope and y-intercept method. b). y = 4 x − 1 175. Write the slope as a fraction. 171. the slope is the whole change in y number over 1. 0 = 2x + 3y 186. 3x + 9y = −27 183. y = 2x + 3 172. If the value of m is a whole number.

Write an equation that would represent the monthly bill of a user. 197. A glider has a 25:1 descent ratio when there are no updrafts to raise its altitude. That is. A dive resort rents scuba equipment at a weekly rate of $150 per week and charges $8 per tank of compressed air used during the week of diving. 83 Team-LRN . 0. it will lose 1 foot of altitude. 6y + 27x = −42 For the following problems. for every 25 feet it moves parallel to the ground. Write an equation to represent the glider’s descent from an altitude of 200 feet.1x = 0.7y + 1. use the slope/y-intercept method to write an equation that would enable you to draw a graphic solution for each problem. Write an equation to represent the cost of one day’s rental.4 194. 198.25 per hour of usage per month. 199.05 per mile for the rental of a motor scooter. −34x + 85 = 17y 195. 200. A scooter rental agency charges $20 per day plus $0. 196. A recent backyard bird count showed that one out of every six birds that visited backyard feeders was a chickadee. Write an equation to represent a diver’s cost for one week of diving at the resort.501 Algebra Questions 193. Write an equation to represent this ratio. An Internet service provider charges $15 plus $0.

Regardless of what symbol is used. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.3) x 84 Team-LRN . Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.3 + 2) or (1. b=3 A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. (0 + 1. { }.5). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. ( ). it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.5) (0.3). The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. 2 change in y (1. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. 171.

−2) 85 Team-LRN . 5 change in y (1.501 Algebra Questions 172.3) x (0.−2). A change in y of 5 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 5 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3). b = −2.−2 + 5) or (1.

6). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 2 change in y (0.501 Algebra Questions 173. (0 + 1.4).6 − 2) or (1. b = 6.4) x 86 Team-LRN .6) (1.

−1 + 3) or (4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−1) 87 Team-LRN .−1).2) x (0.501 Algebra Questions 174. b = −1.2). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 4. 3 change in y (4.

501 Algebra Questions 175.−3).2) x (0. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 5 change in y (2.−3) 88 Team-LRN .−3 + 5) or (2. b = −3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 2.2).

Simplify the equation.4 + 2) or (1.4).4) x 89 Team-LRN . b = 4. 2 change in y (1.501 Algebra Questions 176. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.6) (0.6). Add 2x to both sides of the equation. Put the equation in the proper form. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 2x − 2 x = 2x + 4 y = 2x + 4 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 1.

−5).−2). b = −2. 3 change in y x (0. Put the equation in the proper form.501 Algebra Questions 177. (0 + 1.−2) (1. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−5) 90 Team-LRN . Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 3x − 3x = − 3x − 2 y = − 3x − 2 m = −3 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2 − 3) or (1.

Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. 1 1 1 change in y 1 1 1 1 1 1 (2.501 Algebra Questions 178. Put the equation in the proper form.3 2 ).4 2 ). Simplify the equation.3 ) x 91 Team-LRN .3 2 + 1) or (2. 1 b = 32. (0 + 2.4 ) (0. A change in y of 1 and in x of 2 gives the point y 1 y + 2x − 2x = 2x + 32 y = 2x + 32 m = 2 = change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

Simplify the equation. (0 + 5.4).6). change in y (0.4) x 92 Team-LRN .6 − 2) or (5. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. A change in y of −2 and in x of 5 gives the point y 2x − 2x + 5y = −2x + 30 5y = −2x + 30 5y 5 = y= y= (−2x + 30) 5 −2x 30 5 + 5 −2 5x + 6 −2 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.6) (5.501 Algebra Questions 179. b = 6. Put the equation in the proper form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the equation.

Put the equation in the proper form. Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 180.5). b = 5.5 − 2) or (1. Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation.3).5) (1. 2 change in y (0. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 2y + 4x − 4x = −4x + 10 2y = −4x + 10 2y 2 = y= y = −2x + 5 (−4x + 10) 2 −4x 10 2 + 2 m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 1.3) x 93 Team-LRN . The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

1 change in y 1 x (3.−4). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Put the equation in the proper form.501 Algebra Questions 181. = (3)(1) = 3 · 1 = 3 x The equation is equivalent to the proper form. Add 3y to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation.−5 + 1) or (3. b = −5.−5).−5) 94 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation.−4) (0. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. (0 + 3. A change in y of 1 and in x of 3 gives the point y x 3 (1)(x) 1 x 1 x − 3y + 3y = 15 + 3y x = 15 + 3y x − 15 = 15 − 15 + 3y x − 15 = 3y (x − 15) 3y = 3 3 x 15 3 − 3 =y x 3 −5=y 1 3x − 5 = y y = 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides of the equation by 3.

501 Algebra Questions 182. Put the equation in the proper form. Subtract x from both sides of the equation. −4). Simplify the equation.−3) (3. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. x (0. b = −3. (0 + 3. = −9 x + 3y = −9 x − x + 3y = −x − 9 3y = −x − 9 3y 3 (3x + 9y) 3 3x 9y + 3 3 = −27 3 = y= y= y= The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−3 − 1) or (3.−4) 95 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 3.−3). A change in y of −1 and in x of 3 gives the point y (−x − 9) 3 −x 9 −3 3 −x −9 3 − 3 −1 3x − 3 1 change in y m = − 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation.

1 (0. Put the equation in the proper form.3 2 ). Add 5x to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 183.−1 2 ). A change in y of −5 and in x of 1 gives the point of y 7 1 5x − 5x − y = 5x − −y 7 2 = 5x − 7 2 7 −1(−y) = −1(5x − 2 ) 7 2 5 change in y change in x 1 y = −5x + m = −5 = − 1 = 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−1 ) 96 Team-LRN . b = 2 = 32. Simplify the equation. Simplify the equation.3 2 − 5) or (1. (0 + 1.3 ) x (1.

3) (0.3). Divide both sides of the equation by 7. b = 2. A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2) x 97 Team-LRN . Add 14 to both sides of the equation. 1 change in y (7. (0 + 7.2).2 + 1) or (7. Simplify the equation. x + 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 x + 14 = 7y (x + 14) 7y = 7 7 x 7 +2=y 1 7x + 2 = y 1 y = 7x + 2 The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form.501 Algebra Questions 184.

Subtract 3y from both sides of the equation.0 − 2) or (3.−2) x 98 Team-LRN . (0 + 3.0).−2). A change in y of −2 and in x of 3 gives the point y −3y −3y −3 0 − 3y = 2x + 3y − 3y = 2x = 2x −3 −2x 3 2 change in y change in x y= m = −3 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation. (0. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. so b = 0. Divide both sides of the equation by −3.0) (3.501 Algebra Questions 185. There is no b showing in the equation.

(0 + 4. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. 1 1 x (0.−1 ) (4. Divide both sides of the equation by 4.−1 2 − 1) or (4. Simplify the equation. Subtract x from both sides of the equation.−2 2 ). b = −3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−2 ) 99 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation.−1 2 ). Simplify the equation. 2 A change in y of −1 and in x of 4 gives the point y = −6 x + 4y = −6 x − x + 4y = − x − 6 4y = − x − 6 4y 4 (3x + 12y) 3 3x 12y + 3 3 = −18 3 = y= y= (−x − 6) 4 −x 6 −4 4 −1x − 11 4 2 −1 m= 4 = change in y change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 186. Put the equation in the proper form.

0). b = −2. A change in y of 2 and in x of 5 gives the point y y + 0.4x − 2 m = 0. Add 0.4x − 0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 187.0) (0.−2 + 2) or (5. (0 + 5.−2).4x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form.−2) x 100 Team-LRN .4 = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4x = 0. 4 2 change in y (5.4x − 2 y = 0.

501 Algebra Questions 188. Put the equation in the proper form.

Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Multiply both sides of the 3 equation by 2 . Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

1

2 3y 2 3y

− 2x + 2x = 0 + 2x = 2x

1

1

1

1

3 2 3 1 2 ( 3 )y = 2 ( 2 x) 3 1y = 4 x 3 y = 4x

m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,0). (0 + 4,0 + 3) or (4,3).

3

change in y

(4,3) x

(0,0)

101

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 189. Simplify the equation. It would be easier to operate with an equation that

doesn’t have fractional coefﬁcients. So if you multiply the whole equation by the lowest common multiple of the denominators, you will have whole numbers with coefﬁcients. Multiply both sides of the 5 1 equation by 6. 6( 6 x − 3 y) = 6(2) Use the distributive 5 1 property of multiplication. 6( 6 x) − 6( 3 y) = 6(2) Simplify the equation. 5x − 2y = 12 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. 5x − 5x − 2y = −5x + 12 −2y = −5x + 12 Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the −2y −5x 12 equation by −2. − 2 = − 2 + −2 Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −6. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point

y

**y = 2x − 6 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−6). (0 + 2,−6 + 5) or (2,−1).
**

5 change in y

5

x (2,−1)

(0,−6)

102

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 190. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2. A change in y of 7 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

7x − 8 = 4y + 8 − 8 7x − 8 = 4y 4y = 7x − 8

4y 4

=

7

7x 4

−

8 4

**y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2). (0 + 4,−2 + 7) or (4,5).
**

7 change in y

(4,5)

x (0,−2)

103

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 191. Exchange the terms on each side

of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −3. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

y

5y = 20x − 15 = 5 − y = 4x − 3

4 5y 5 20x 15 5

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−3). (0 + 1,−3 + 4) or (1,1).

change in y

(1,1) x

(0,−3)

104

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 192. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 13x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −13 and in x of 6 gives the point

y

18 16 14 12 10 8 6

**6y + 13x − 13x = −13x + 12 6y = −13x + 12
**

6y 6

=

−13x

y=

6 −13 6 x

−13

+

12 6

+2

change in y

m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 6,2 − 13) or (6,−11).

2 −18 −16 −14 −12 −10 −8 −6 −4 −2 −2 −4 −6 −8 −10 −12 −14 −16 −18

(0,2)

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18

x

(6,−11)

105

Team-LRN

1 change in y 1 x (7. 7 = 7 − 7 Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4) Simplify the expression. if it would be easier for you to operate with whole number coefﬁcients instead of decimals to start. 7y = x − 14 Divide both sides of the x 7y 14 equation by 7. (0 + 7. A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y y = 7x − 2 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2) 106 Team-LRN . Multiply both sides of the equation by 10.−1). then b = a.7y + 1. x − 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 Simplify the equation.−2 + 1) or (7. x = 7y + 14 Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 193.1x) = 10(0.−2). Once again. 10(0.−1) (0. you could multiply the whole equation by 10. x − 14 = 7y If a = b. b = −2.

5). Divide both sides of the equation by 17.3) x 107 Team-LRN . b = 5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5 − 2) or (1.501 Algebra Questions 194. change in y (0.3).5) (1. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 17y = −34x + 85 = 17 + y = −2x + 5 −2 17y 17 −34x 85 17 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation. (0 + 1. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign.

−1 25 =m 108 Team-LRN . 6y + 27x − 27x = −27x − 42 6y = −27x − 42 6y 6 =− −9 Simplify the equation. The change in position of the glider is described by the slope. Forward is in the positive direction.−7) 196. −9 (−2. Descending is in the negative. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Put the equation in the proper form.−7).2) x (0. Add −27x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the coefﬁcient of x by a common factor of 3.501 Algebra Questions 195. The change in y is −1 for every change change in y Slope = change in x = in x of +25. Let x = horizontal movement. b = − 7. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Let y = vertical movement. (0 − 2. Ascending is in the positive direction. A change in y of 9 and in x of −2 gives the point y y= y= 27x 42 6 − 6 −27 6 x−7 2 x−7 9 change in y m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−7 + 9) or (−2.2). Simplify the equation.

Let y = the total cost for equipment. 200.501 Algebra Questions The starting position for the purposes of this graphic solution is at an altitude of 200 ft. this information would be as follows: A graph of this equation would have a slope of 0.0) and the slope = 6 = 1 . this would be The graph would have a y-intercept at (0. y = 8x + 150 Let x = the number of chickadees that visited the feeder. Written as an equation. Let y = the number of birds that visited a backyard feeder. A formula that would represent this information would be: The y-intercept would be at (0. The costs for the month will equal $15 plus the $. you substitute the given values into the −1 formula. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the weekly charge for gear rental plus 8 times the number of tanks used. Let y = the amount of a monthly bill. Written as an equation.20) and the slope would be 199. y = 25 x + 200 A graph of this equation would have a slope of − 1 and the y-intercept would be at (0. Let x = the hours of Internet use for the month. or + 200. y = 0.05 times the number of miles driven. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the daily charges plus the 0.150) and the 8 slope = 8 = 1 .05x + 20 5 100 = 1 20 Let x = the number of tanks used during the week. Let y = the cost of a scooter rental for one day. So. y = 6x 109 Team-LRN .25x + 15 =4 (0.200) 25 197. b = 200 Using the standard form y = mx + b. An equation that represents the statement would be: 6 The y-intercept is (0.25 or The y-intercept would be at 198.25 times the number of hours of use. y = 0.15) 25 100 1 Let x = the number of miles driven in one day.

9 Solving Inequalities If you compare Chapter 9 to Chapter 6. Keep the symbol facing the same way when you multiply or divide by a positive factor. multiply both sides by the least common multiple of the denominators and work with whole numbers. there will be twenty-ﬁve inequalities so you can practice your solving skills. and the result will be your solution. When you have fractional coefﬁcients or terms in an equality or inequality. Tips for Solving Inequalities ■ ■ Keep the inequality symbol facing the same way when you perform an addition or subtraction to both sides of the inequality. Your goal is to isolate the variable on one side of the inequality. In this chapter. If the Team-LRN . But remember to change the direction of the inequality when you multiply or divide by a negative factor. you will ﬁnd only a few differences between solving inequalities and solving equalities. The methods and procedures you use are virtually the same. Look at the tips below to see what makes solving inequalities different from solving equalities.

214. Solve the following inequalities. −6(x + 1) ≥ 60 209. x − 218. 3(4 − 5x) < x − 116 210.29 > 0. 2(7x − 3) ≥ −2(5 + 3x) 212. 4(x + 1) < 5(x + 2) 211.79 208. −4x 217. multiply by multiples of ten until you have whole numbers to work with. 221.9 + x + 2) < −5x 1 219. 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x + 10) 216. −7(x 5 4 (x + 4) > 2 (x + 8) − 8 + (x − 4)] ≥ 2(13 − x) 222. 3x + 2 < 14 202.1 ≥ 0. x − 4 3 < 9 + 3 x 220.501 Algebra Questions coefﬁcients and/or terms are decimals. 3 2x < – 4 (x + 2) 1 2 3 + 0.2 4 3x ≤ 20 −5>x−2 + 3(x + 5) ≥ 3(x + 2) 3 4 215. 3(x − 16) − 2 < 9(x − 2) − 7x 111 Team-LRN . 16x − 1 < 4(6 − x) 213. −5[9 224. 4x + 26 ≥ 90 205. 8 − 6x < 50 206. 2 5x ≤ 18 204. 3(1 − 3x) ≥ −3 (x + 27) 223. 4x − 6 > 30 203. 3x − 10 ≤ -3 207. 2x + 0. 11(1 − x) ≥ 3(3 − x) − 1 225. −x 0. 201.

or [ ]. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 4x + 26 − 26 ≥ 90 − 26 4x ≥ 64 ≥ 4 x ≥ 16 4x 4 64 Simplify the inequality. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. 3x + 2 − 2 < 14 − 2 3x < 12 < 3 x<4 3x 3 12 Simplify the inequality. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. (1)x ≤ 45 x ≤ 45 204. 203. 205. Simplify. ( ). 201. Simplify. Underlined inequalities show the simpliﬁed result. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Simplify the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2 . Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 8 − 8 − 6x < 50 − 8 −6x < 42 > −6 x > −7 −6 −6x 42 112 Team-LRN . the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Regardless of what symbol is used. 5 2 5 2 ( 5 )x ≤ 2 (18) 10 5 18 ( 10 )x ≤ 2 ( 1 ) Simplify. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Simplify the inequality. { }. 5 4x − 6 + 6 > 30 + 6 4x > 36 > 4 x>9 4x 4 36 Simplify. 202.

29 − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.50 > 2 x > 0. Simplify. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 206. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.79 − 0. Simplify the expressions. 3x − 10 + 10 ≤ − 3 + 10 3x ≤ 7 3x 3 Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 16.29 > 0. Divide both sides of the inequality 2x + 0. Simplify the inequality. Add 116 to both sides of the inequality. ≤ 7 3 7 3 x≤ x ≤ 23 207.25 2x 2 0.50 by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify.29 from both sides of the 1 inequality. Simplify the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3.29 2x > 0. 208. Add 10 to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Subtract 1 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. 113 Team-LRN . Add 15x to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 0. ≤ −6 x + 1 ≤ −10 −6 −6(x + 1) 60 x + 1 − 1 ≤ −10 − 1 x ≤ −11 3(4) − 3(5x) < x − 116 12 − 15x < x − 116 12 − 15x + 15x < x + 15x − 116 12 < 16x − 116 12 + 116 < 16x − 116 + 116 128 < 16x < 8<x 128 16 16x 16 209.

Simplify. Simplify. 211. 114 ≤4 Team-LRN . Simplify. Use the distributive property of 2(7x) − 2(3) ≥ −2(5) − 2(3x) 14x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x 14x + 6x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x + 6x 20x − 6 ≥ − 10 20x − 6 + 6 ≥ −10 + 6 20x ≥ −4 20x 20 ≥ − 20 4 4 x ≥ − 20 −1 x≥ 5 16x − 1 < 4(6) − 4(x) 16x − 1 < 24 − 4x 16x − 1 + 1 < 1 + 24 − 4x 16x < 25 − 4x 16x + 4x < 25 − 4x + 4x 20x < 25 20x 20 multiplication. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify the inequality. 213. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20. Multiply both sides of the < 25 20 1 x < 14 0. Simplify and express the fraction in simplest terms.501 Algebra Questions 210. Add 6x to both sides of the inequality.2 ) ≤ 0. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. Use the distributive property of 4(x) + 4(1) < 5(x) + 5(2) 4x + 4 < 5x + 10 4x + 4 − 4 < 5x + 10 − 4 4x < 5x + 6 −x 4x − 5x < 5x − 5x + 6 <6 > −1(6) x > −6 −1(−x) multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Reduce the fraction to lowest terms. Add 4x to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 5x from both sides of the inequality. Add 1 to both sides of the inequality.2( 0. Combine like terms.2(20) −x −x inequality by 0. 212. Subtract 4 from both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. Simplify. Simplify the expressions on both sides. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20.2.

Add 2x to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Simplify. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add x to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x) − 2(10) 3x + 5 ≥ −2x − 20 3x + 5 − 5 ≥ −2x − 20 −5 3x ≥ −2x − 25 3x + 2x ≥ 2x − 2x − 25 5x ≥ −25 −25 5x 5 ≥ 5 x≥−5 −4x −4x multiplication. 215. 216. Simplify. Express the fraction in its simplest form. Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms. x≥ 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 1 3x −1(−x) −4 ≥ −1(4) −5+5>x−2+5 >x+3 −x>x−x+3 − 3x > x − x + 3 >3 3 Simplify. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Add 5 to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. 214. Simplify. Subtract 1x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. Divide both sides of the inequality by 5. Use the distributive property of 3( 3 x) > 3(3) x>9 3 1 1 ( 3 x) 1 > 3 (3) multiplication. + 3(x) + 3(5) ≥ 3(x) + 3(2) + 3x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 (−4x + 3x) + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 -x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 x − x + 15 ≥ x + 3x + 6 15 ≥ 4x + 6 15 − 6 ≥ 4x + 6 − 6 9 ≥ 4x 9 4 9 4 ≥ 4x 4 ≥x ≥x 1 24 115 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify.

but it can be easier to operate with whole numbers until the last step. Simplify. You can simplify equations (and inequalities) with fractions by multiplying them by a common multiple of the denominators. Simplify. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. Add 3 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. + 0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. 218. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2. 3(x − < 3(9 + 3 x) 2 2 3(x) − 3( 3 ) < 3(9) + 3( 3 x) 3x − 13 < 27 + 2x 3x − 13 + 13 < 13 + 27 + 2x 3x < 40 + 2x 3x − 2x < 40 + 2x − 2x x < 40 13 116 Team-LRN .8 1 2( 2 x) ≥ 2(0.6 x− 13 3 < 9 + 3x 13 3) 2 Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3.8) x ≥ 1.501 Algebra Questions 217.9 − 0. 219. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Combine like terms.1 − 0. Add 3x to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the inequality by 7.1 + x ≥ 0. Combine like terms and simplify. you have a fraction for an answer. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4.8 + 1 2 x ≥ 0. Sure. Subtract 0. Simplify the expressions. Simplify the expressions. Change the term to an improper fraction. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality.8 + x x−x 3 2 x − x ≥ 0.1 from both sides of the 4(x − 4 ) < 4( 4 (x + 2)) 4(x) − 4( 4 ) < 4( 4 )(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x) −3(2) 4x − 3 < −3x − 6 4x − 3 + 3 < −3x − 6 + 3 4x < − 3x − 3 3x + 4x < 3x − 3x − 3 7x < −3 7x 7 3 −3 3 −3 < −3 7 x< 3 2x 3 2x −3 7 inequality. Add 13 to both sides of the inequality.1 ≥ 0. Simplify the terms.

Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify. Simplify. Add 9x to both sides.501 Algebra Questions 220. Use the distributive property of −7(x) −7x − 7(2)<−5x − 14 < −5x −7x − 14 + 14 < −5x + 14 −7x < −5x + 14 −7x + 5x < 5x −5x + 14 −2x < 14 −2x −2 > −2 x > −7 14 multiplication. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of 5 5 1 1 4 (x) + 4 (4) > 2 (x) + 2 (8) 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x + 4 − 8 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x − 4 5 4x 3 4x 3 4x 3 4x 1 1 1 −8 − 2x + 5 > 2x − 2x − 4 + 5 > −4 +5−5>4−5 > −9 4 > 3 (−9) x > −12 3(1) − 3(3x) ≥ −3(x) − 3(27) 3 − 9x ≥ −3x − 81 3 − 9x + 9x ≥ 9x − 3x − 81 3 ≥ 6x − 81 3 + 81 ≥ 6x − 81 + 81 84 ≥ 6x ≥ 6 14 ≥ x 84 6 6x 4 3 3 ( 4 x) multiplication. 1 Subtract 2 x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Add 14 to both sides of the inequality. 221. Simplify the terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the inequality by 6. Simplify the expressions. Simplify the terms. Combine like terms. Simplify the terms. Simplify by combining like terms. Add 81 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. 117 Team-LRN . 4 Multiply both sides by 3 3 (the reciprocal of 4 ). 222.

3(x) − 3(16) − 2 < 9(x) − 9(2) − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 18 − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 7x − 18 3x − 50 < 2x − 18 3x − 50 + 50 < 2x − 18 + 50 3x < 2x + 32 3x − 2x < 2x − 2x + 32 x < 32 118 Team-LRN . Add 50 to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Remove the inner brackets. Use the distributive property of 11(1) − 11(x) ≥ 3(3) − 3(x) − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 3x − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 1 − 3x 11 − 11x ≥ 8 − 3x 11 − 8 − 11x ≥ 8 − 8 − 3x 3 − 11x ≥ − 3x 3 − 11x + 11x ≥ − 3x + 11x 3 ≥ 8x 3 8 3 8 ≥ 8x 8 ≥x multiplication. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Simplify. Use the distributive property of −5[x] −5[5] − 26 ≥ 26 − 26 + 3x ≥ 3x 3x ≥ 3 −17 ≥ x 3 multiplication. use the commutative property of addition and combine like terms. Use the commutative property to associate like terms. −5[9 −5[x + x − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) + 9 − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) −5[x + 5] ≥ 2(13 − x) ≥ 2(13) − 2(x) − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x 5x − 5x − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x + 5x −25 ≥ 26 + 3x −5x −25 −51 −51 Use the distributive property of multiplication. 224. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions 223. Simplify terms. 225. Divide both sides by 8. Simplify terms. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Add 11x to both sides. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality.

use a coordinate plane to graph the solution. When there are two variables. use an open circle to show the endpoint. Draw a dotted line when the inequality symbol is < or >. When there are two variables. Draw a solid line when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥.Graphing Inequalities In this chapter. When there is only one variable. you use a number line. you use a coordinate plane. Use the slope and the y-intercept of the transformed inequality to show the boundary line for your solution graph. Team-LRN . Shade the region below the boundary line when the inequality symbol is < or ≤. use a solid circle on the number line as the endpoint when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. A solid circle shows that the solution graph includes the endpoint. 10 Tips for Graphing Inequalities When using a number line to show the solution graph for an inequality. an open circle shows that the solution graph does not include the endpoint. you will practice graphing inequalities that have one or two variables. shade the region above the boundary line when the inequality symbol is > or ≥. When the inequality symbol is < or >. To complete the graph. Use the skills you have been practicing in the previous chapters to transform the inequality into the slope/y-intercept form you used to graph equalities with two variables.

Graph the following inequalities on a number line. 1 2x +y≤3 235.5y − x + 3 > 0 240. x ≥ 4 227. An easy point to use. y ≥ -x + 2 233. x > 5 230. 226. if it is not your y-intercept. x >−1 Graph the following inequalities on a coordinate plane. 2( y + 3) − x ≥ 6(1 − x) 250. 242. x < −1 228.501 Algebra Questions A simple way to check your graphic solution is to pick a point on either side of the boundary line and substitute the x and y values in your inequality.) 231.3 y − 0. is the origin (0. y 3 2 3 < −x −3y + 9x ≤ − 6 243. 3x − 4 > 2y 238. −12 ≤ − 3(x + y) 247.9 244. y + 2 ≤ 3x + 5 237. 2y − 3x < 8 236. 9y + 7 ≥ 2(x + 8) 248. 0. 0. then you have shaded the correct side of the boundary line. y > x + 1 232. 3y + 4x < 9 − x 246. 0). (Use graph paper. −28y Team-LRN . x 3 + y ≤ 3x − 5 ≥ 2x − 14( y + 10) 120 249. y > 4x − 5 234. x − y ≤ 7 241. 3x − y ≤ 7x + y − 8 245. x ≤ 6 229. 3 4y + 6 ≥ 3x 239. If the result is a true statement.5x > 0.

501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. −10 −5 0 5 10 228. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. { }. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. −10 −5 0 5 10 229. ( ). −10 −5 0 5 10 121 Team-LRN . 226. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. The answers to these questions are the graphs. Regardless of what symbol is used. −10 −5 0 5 10 230. −10 −5 0 5 10 227.

501 Algebra Questions 231. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 1. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,1). (0 + 1,1 + 1) or (1,2).

1

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(1,2) (0,1) x

122

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 232. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 1,2 − 1) or (1,1).

−1

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(0,2) (1,1) x

123

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 233. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = −5. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−5). (0 + 1,−5 + 4) or (1,−1).

4

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

x (1,−1)

(0,−5)

124

Team-LRN

**501 Algebra Questions 234. Subtract 2 x from both sides
**

1

of the inequality.

1 2x

− 2x + y ≤ − 2x + 3

1

−1

1

1

Combine like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 3. A change in y of −1 and in x of 2 gives the point

**y ≤ − 2x + 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,3). (0 + 2,3 − 1) or (2,2).
**

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(0,3) (2,2) x

125

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 235. Add 3x to both sides

of the inequality. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point

2y − 3x + 3x < 3x + 8 2y < 3x + 8

2y 2

<

3

3x 2

+

8 2

**y < 2x + 4 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4). (0 + 2,4 + 3) or (2,7).
**

3 change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(2,7)

(0,4)

x

126

Team-LRN

Combine like terms.6) (0. Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality. (0 + 1. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point y + 2 − 2 ≤ 3x + 5 − 2 y ≤ 3x + 3 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 236. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.6).3) x 127 Team-LRN .3 + 3) or (1. y (1.3). b = 3. Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.

then d < c. the direction of the inequality symbol must change when you change sides of the statement. then d = c. if c = d.−2) 128 Team-LRN . The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Rewrite the inequality with sides exchanged and the symbol reversed. In an equation. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. But for an inequality. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point < 3x − 2 32 y < 2x − 2 m= 3 2 2y 2 4 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y (2. 2y < 3x − 4 Divide both sides of the inequality by 2.−2).1) x (0.−2 + 3) or (2.1). If c > d. (0 + 2. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 237. b = −2.

The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.−8).−8) 129 Team-LRN . Simplify terms. b = −8. (0 + 1.−4) (0. Combine like terms. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality.−8 + 4) or (1. Use the distributive property of multiplication. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point 3 4y 3 4y + 6 − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3 (3x − 6) ≥ 3 (3x) − 3 (6) change in y change in x 4 4 4 4 3 3 ( 4 y) 4 3 3 ( 4 y) y ≥ 4x − 8 m= 4 1 = The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 238. y x (1.−4). Multiply both sides of the 4 inequality by the reciprocal 3 .

Simplify terms.5y − x + 3 − 3 > 0 − 3 0. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point 0.5y − x > − 3 0.5y > x − 3 0.5 x 0.−4).−6). Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Combine like terms.5y 0. b = −6.501 Algebra Questions 239.5y + x − x > x − 3 0. Subtract 3 from both sides of the inequality.5 y> − y > 2x − 6 m=2= 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5 − 3 0. Simplify the expressions. Divide both sides of the inequality by 0.−4) (0. y x (1. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−6) 130 Team-LRN .5 3 0. Add 1x to both sides of the inequality.−6 + 2) or (1. (0 + 1. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.5.5 > x 0.

−6) (0. y x (1. Simplify the expression. Use the commutative property of addition. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. b = −7. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.−6).−7 + 1) or (1. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property of addition to associate like terms. (0 + 1.501 Algebra Questions 240. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.−7).−7) 131 Team-LRN . A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point x−y−x≤7−x x−x−y≤7−x -y ≤ 7 − x (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7 − x) (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7) − (−1)(x) y ≥ −7 + x y≥x−7 m=1= 1 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

y (0. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.2). (0 + 1. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−1). Use the commutative property of addition.2) x (1. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. b = 2.501 Algebra Questions 241.2 − 3) or (1. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 − x) 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 ) − 3(x) y < 2 − 3x y < −3x + 2 m = −3 = −3 y y 2 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−1) 132 Team-LRN .

501 Algebra Questions 242. y (1.2).5) (0.5). Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 1. y ≥ 2 −(−3x) y ≥ 2 + 3x Use the commutative property of addition. b = 2. Simplify the terms. Subtract 9x from both sides of the inequality. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point −3y −3y + 9x − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≥ −6 −3 −3y −3 y≥ −6 −3 − − 9x −3 9x ( −3 ) y ≥ 3x + 2 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides of the inequality by −3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. Combine like terms.2 + 3) or (1.2) x 133 Team-LRN .

b = 3. Combine like terms. Subtract 0.3y from both sides of the inequality.3 ) 0. (0 + 3.9 0.3y −0.9 − 0. Simplify the terms.501 Algebra Questions 243. Divide both sides of the inequality by −0.5x − −0.3 < ( −0. Subtracting a negative number is the same as adding a positive.3) x 134 Team-LRN .3y − 0.3 < −0.5x − 0. Subtract 0.9 −0.9 0.3y −0. y (3.3y > −0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point 0.8) (0.9 −0.3 + 5) or (3.8).5x − 0.9 y < 3 x − (−3) y < 3x + 3 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5x − 0.3y > −0.3).5x from both sides of the inequality.3y > −0. Combine like terms.3y − 0.3y > 0.5x −0.5x − 0. 5 change in y 5 5 Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. Simplify the expression.3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.5x − 0.3 0.5x − 0.3 ) − ( −0.

2) x 135 Team-LRN . Subtract y from both sides of the inequality. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point 3x − 3x − y ≤ 7x − 3x + y − 8 −y ≤ 4x + y − 8 −y −2y − y ≤ 4x + y − y − 8 ≤ 4x − 8 ≥ 4x − 8 −2 8 4x − 2 − ( −2 ) −2y −2 y≥ y ≥ − 2x − (−4) y ≥ −2x + 4 m = −2 = −2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 3x from both sides of the inequality.4). Combine like terms. Simplify. y (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 244. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.2). Simplify terms. (0 + 1.4) (1.4 − 2) or (1. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. b = 4.

(0 + 3. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. Simplify the terms.3). b = 3.−2). Subtract 4x from both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. A change in y of −5 and in x of 3 gives the point 3y + 4x − 4x < 9 − x − 4x 3y < 9 − 5x 3y 3 < y< y< y< 5x 9 3 − 3 9 5x (3) − ( 3 ) 5 3 − 3x −5x + 3 3 −5 m= 3 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Combine like terms.3 − 5) or (3.3) x (3. Use the commutative property. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y (0. Simplify the expressions.501 Algebra Questions 245.−2) 136 Team-LRN .

4). b = 4.501 Algebra Questions 246. Combine like terms.4) (1. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Add 12 to both sides of the inequality. (0 + 1. Simplify the expressions.3). −1 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. Use the distributive property of multiplication.3) x 137 Team-LRN . The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4 − 1) or (1. y (0. Combine like terms. Add 3y to both sides of the inequality. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point −12 ≤ −3x − 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x −3y + 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x 3y − 12 + 12 ≤ −3x + 12 3y ≤ −3x + 12 ≤ 3x + 3 y ≤ -x + 4 3y 3 − 12 3 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

y (9.3). Use the distributive property of multiplication. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of 2 and in x of 9 gives the point 9y + 7 ≥ 2x + 16 9y + 7 − 7 ≥ 2x + 16 − 7 9y ≥ 2x + 9 9y 9 ≥ 2 2x 9 + 9 9 y ≥ 9x + 1 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3) (0. 2 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.1) x 138 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 247. (0 + 9. Simplify the expressions. Subtract 7 from both sides of the inequality.1 + 2) or (9.1). Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 9. b = 1.

(0 + 3. A change in y of 8 and in x of 3 gives the point 3( 3 + y) ≤ 3(3x − 5) 3( 3 ) + 3( y) ≤ 3(3x) − 3(5) x + 3y ≤ 9x − 15 x − x + 3y ≤ 9x − x − 15 3y ≤ 8x − 15 3y 3 x x ≤ 8 8x 3 − 15 3 y ≤ 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. y (3. Simplify the expressions.3) x (0. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. b = −5. Simplify terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality.3).−5 + 8) or (3.−5). 8 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.501 Algebra Questions 248.−5) 139 Team-LRN . Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

Combine like terms.−5).0) x (2. y (0.501 Algebra Questions 249.0). b = 0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. −5 Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property with like terms.0 − 5) or (2.−5) 140 Team-LRN . Add x to both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. A change in y of −5 and in x of 2 gives the point 2( y) + 2(3) − x ≥ 6(1) − 6(x) 2y + 6 − x ≥ 6 − 6x 2y + 6 − x + x ≥ 6 − 6x + x 2y + 6 ≥ 6 − 5x 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 5x − 6 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 6 − 5x 2y ≥ − 5x 2y 2 ≥ −5x y≥ −5 2 2 x change in y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 2. Combine like terms.

b = 10.10) (7. A change in y of −1 and in x of 7 gives the point −28y −28y −28y −14y ≥ 2x − 14( y) − 14(10) ≥ 2x − 14y − 140 + 14y ≥ 2x − 14y + 14y − 140 ≥ 2x −140 2x −14y −14 ≤ −1 −14 − 140 −14 y≤ 7 x + 10 change in y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add 14y to both sides of the inequality. y (0. Simplify the terms. (0 + 7. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 250. −1 Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it. Use the distributive property of multiplication.10). Divide both sides of the inequality by −14 and change the direction of the inequality symbol.10 − 1) or (7.9) x 141 Team-LRN .9).

The graphic solution will either be the common areas of the graphs of the inequalities or there will be no solution if the areas do not overlap.Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities This chapter will present ﬁfteen systems of equalities and ten systems of inequalities as practice in ﬁnding solutions graphically. There will be no solution if the line graphs have the same slope but different y-intercepts. You will ﬁnd complete explanations and graphs in the answer explanations. There are three possibilities for a pair of equations: ■ 11 ■ ■ The solution will be one coordinate pair at the point of intersection. Team-LRN . the lines are parallel and will not intersect. Graphing systems of linear equations on the same coordinate plane will give you a solution that is common to both equations. The solution will be all the points on the line graph because the equations coincide. In this case. Pairs of inequalities can also have a common solution.

Find the solutions for the following systems of equations by graphing on graph paper. y − x = 5 − x −4y = 8 − 7x 255. 4x − 5y = 5 259. 6y = 9(x − 6) 260. When multiplying or dividing by a negative term. 15y = 6(3x + 15) y = 6(1 − x) 261. 3y = 6x + 6 5y = 10(x − 5) 262. graph the lines and look for the point or points of intersection. 3(2x + 3y) = 63 27y = 9(x − 6) 143 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Tips for Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Transform each equation or inequality into the slope/y-intercept form. For inequalities. y = x + 2 y = -x + 4 252. 251. 4y = −7(x + 4) 4y = x + 4 254. 2y = 6x + 14 4y = x − 16 256. change the direction of the inequality symbol for each operation. graph the boundaries as the appropriate dotted or solid line and shade the area for each inequality depending upon the inequality symbol present. The intersection of the shaded areas will be the solution for the system. 2x + y = 4 3( y + 9) = 7x 257. y = x + 9 4y = 16 − x 5y = 20 − x 3(2y + 5x) = −6 258. 2y − x = 2 3x + y = 8 253. That is the solution. For equations.

7( y − 5) < −5x 274. 3x + 4y = 12 y = 3 − 8x 265.501 Algebra Questions 263. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3y ≤ 2(6 − x) 272. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 4x + y < 4x + 5 271. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 144 Team-LRN . 266. y > 4 (4 − x) 7 < 4 (2x − 3y) 3( y + 5) > 7x 2x + y ≤ −3 275. y − x ≥ 6 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 269. 16y = 10(x − 8) 6 8y − 17x = 56 Find the solution for each of the following systems of inequalities by graphing and shading. 2y − 3x ≥ −6 y ≥ 5 − 2x 267. 5y ≤ 8(x + 5) 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 270. x − 20 = 5y 10y = 8x + 20 264. 9( y − 4) < 4x −9y −3 < 2(x + 9) 1 273. 6y < 5x − 30 5 2y < −x + 4 268.

it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. or [ ]. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). ( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used. { }. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The graph is shown. 145 Team-LRN . perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Underlined ordered pair is the solution. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.

3) (0. ************ The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y y=x+2 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 2.3).501 Algebra Questions 251. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.3).2). The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1.2) x 146 Team-LRN .4) (1. b = 4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. −1 change in y (0. 1 change in y y = −x + 4 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3). The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 1 for (1. The solution is (1.4).

Divide both sides by 2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. The solution is (2.2). b = 1.1).501 Algebra Questions 252. Simplify.8).8) 2y − x = 2 2y − x + x = x + 2 2y = x + 2 y = 2x + 1 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 8. −3 change in y (1. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 2 for (2. Add x to both sides. Combine like terms.2). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 1 change in y 1 3x + y = 8 3x − 3x + y = −3x + 8 y = −3x + 8 m = −3 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ Subtract 3x from both sides.5) (0.2) x 147 Team-LRN .1) (2. y (0.5). The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 1 for (1.

The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.1) (−4. y 4y = −7(x + 4) 4 y = −7x − 28 y= −7 4 x−7 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 1. −7 4y = x + 4 1 y = 4x + 1 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−14) 148 Team-LRN . The solution is (−4. The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4.−7) (4.−14). The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4. b = −7.−7). 1 change in y (0. ************ Divide both sides by 4. Divide both sides by 4.2) x (0.0).501 Algebra Questions 253.0) (4. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2).1).

501 Algebra Questions 254.5).−2). 7 change in y (0. Use the commutative property. Combine like terms on each side. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. The graph is a line parallel to the x-axis through (0.5) x (0. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. y−x=5−x y−x+x=5−x+x y=5 −4y −4y −4 = 8 − 7x 8 7x = −4 − − 4 7 7 y = −2 + 4 x y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add x to both sides. ************ Divide both sides by Simplify terms.5). y −4. The solution is (4.5) (4.5).−2) 149 Team-LRN .

y (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 2 for (−2. 6 −6 change in y 4y = x − 16 1 y = 4x − 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.1).−3) (0.−4). b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4. Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.7). ************ Divide both sides by 4.501 Algebra Questions 255.7) (−2.−5) 150 Team-LRN .−3). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 2.1) x (4. 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4.−4) (−4.−5). 2y = 6x + 14 y = 2x + 7 6 m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

−2).4).−2).−9) 151 Team-LRN .−9).2). Combine like terms on each side. −2 change in y 3( y + 9) = 7x Distributive property of multiplication. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y (0.2) x (3. Subtract 2x from both sides. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. ************ 2x + y = 4 2x − 2x + y = 4 − 2x y = 4 − 2x y = −2x + 4 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the commutative property. 3y + 27 = 7x 3y + 27 − 27 = 7x − 27 3y = 7x − 27 y = 3x − 9 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 3.501 Algebra Questions 256. 7 change in y 7 The solution for the system of equations is (3. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 27 from both sides. Simplify. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3.−2) (0.4) (1.

501 Algebra Questions 257. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4) (4.5) (0.9) (−4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y=x+9 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b=9 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1.4).5).3) x 152 Team-LRN . 1 change in y 4y = 16 − x 4y = −x + 16 y = −4x + 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3). Divide both sides by 4. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 4 for (4. ************ Use the commutative property.10) (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. −1 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4.10).9). y (1.

501 Algebra Questions 258. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 4x from both sides. Simplify. Use the commutative property. Divide both sides by −5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5,3). ************ Divide both sides by 5. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 5 for (5,3).

**4x − 5y = 5 4x − 4x − 5y = 5 − 4x −5y = 5 − 4x −5y = −4x + 5 y = 5x − 1 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).
**

4 change in y 4

5y = 20 − x 1 y = 4 − 5x y=

−1

5

x+4

change in y

m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4).

−1

**The solution for the system of equations is (5,3).
**

y

(0,4) (5,3) x (0,−1)

153

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 259. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 9 spaces and right 6 for (6, 0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 15x from both sides. Simplify. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2,−6).

**6y = 9(x − 6) 6y = 9x − 54 y = 6x − 9 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−9).
**

9 change in y 9

**3(2y + 5x) = − 6 6y + 15x = −6 6y + 15x − 15x = −15x − 6 6y = −15x − 6 y=
**

−15

6

x−1

−5

m = 6 = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).

−15

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (2,−6).
**

y

x (0,−1) (6,0)

(2,−6) (0,−9)

154

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 260. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 15. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 5 for (−5,0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 1 for (1,0).

**15y = 6(3x + 15) 15y = 18x + 90 y=
**

18 15 x 18

+6

6

−6

m = 15 = 5 = −5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).

change in y

**y = 6(1 − x) y = 6 − 6x y = −6x + 6 m = −6 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).
**

−6

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (0,6).
**

y

(0,6)

(−5,0)

(1,0)

x

155

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 261. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,4). ************ Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,−8).

**3y = 6x + 6 y = 2x + 2 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2).
**

2 change in y

**5y = 10(x − 5) 5y = 10x − 50 y = 2x − 10 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−10).
**

2 change in y

**The slopes are the same, so the line graphs are parallel and do not intersect.
**

y

(1,4) (0,2) x

(1,−8) (0,−10)

156

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 262. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 6x from both sides. Simplify. Commutative property. Divide both sides by 9. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3,5). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 27. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 3 for (3,−1).

3(2x + 3y) = 63 6x + 9y = 63 6x − 6x + 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = −6x + 63 y=

−6

9

x+7

−2

m = 9 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,7).

−6

change in y

27y = 9(x − 6) 27y = 9x − 54 y=

9 27 x 9

−2

1 change in y

m = 27 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2).

**The solution for the system of equations is (9,1).
**

y

(0,7) (3,5)

(9,1) x (3,−1) (0,−2)

157

Team-LRN

************ Divide both sides by 10. 8 4 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−10. b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 5 for (5.−4) (−10. 1 change in y 1 10y = 8x + 20 8 y = 10 x + 2 m = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.6) (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.6).2).2) x (5. then b = a. y (5.−4). x − 20 = 5y 5y = x − 20 y = 5x − 4 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−6) 158 Team-LRN .−3) (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 263.−6).−3). Divide both sides by 5. If a = b.

3).3).3) (4. ************ Use the commutative property. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. −3 y = 3 − 8x −6 y= 8x+3 m = 8 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify. −6 6 change in y The solution for the system of equations is the entire line because the graphs coincide.501 Algebra Questions 264. b=3 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 8 for (8.−3) 159 Team-LRN .−3).0). Subtract 3x from both sides.0) x (8. y (0. 3x + 4y = 12 3x − 3x + 4y = −3x + 12 4y = −3x + 12 y= −3 4 x+3 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = +3 The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 4 for (4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 4.

y (0. The solution for the system of equations is (−8.−5) (−8. Divide both sides by 8. 8y − 17x = 56 8y − 17x + 17 x = 17x + 56 8y = 17x + 56 y= 17 8 x+7 = −17 −8 m= 17 8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−5).−10).} b = −5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and left 8 for (−8.−10) 160 Team-LRN .−10). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.} b=7 The slope tells you to go down 17 spaces and left 8 for (−8. Simplify.0) x (0.7). {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. 16y = 10(x − 8) 16y = 10x − 80 y= 10 16 x 10 16 −5 = 5 8 m= = −5 −8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−10).501 Algebra Questions 265. Divide both sides by 16. Use the distributive property of multiplication. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.7) (8. ************ Subtract 17x from both sides.

5) The solution for the system of inequalities is where the shaded areas overlap.0) (0. Transform the inequalities into slope/y-intercept form.−3) x 161 Team-LRN . Add 3x to both sides.501 Algebra Questions 266.0).0). 3 change in y y ≥ 5 − 2x y ≥ −5x + 5 2 m= −5 5 2 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 2.} b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2. ************ Use the commutative property. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. Simplify. y (0. −3 2y − 3x ≥ − 6 2y − 3x + 3x ≥ +3x − 6 2y ≥ 3x − 6 3 y ≥ 2x − 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5) (2. b= The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 2 for (2.−3).

1). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.501 Algebra Questions 267.2) (2. 5 change in y 5 b = −5 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 6 for (6. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2).1) (6.−5). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.0). 6y < 5x − 30 y < 6x − 5 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 2y <− −x + 4 1 y< 2x+2 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−5) 162 Team-LRN . −1 change in y b=2 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 2 for (2.0) x (0. y (0. ************ Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by 6. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.

y (−1. m The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. Divide both sides by 11.501 Algebra Questions 268.−4).5) (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. −1 change in y b=6 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and left 1 for (−1.−2) (11. −2 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 11y ≥ −2x − 22 y≥ b= The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 11 for (11.−4) 163 Team-LRN . ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. y−x≥6 y−x+x≥x+6 y≥x+6 m = 1 = −1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2) −2 11 x − 2 −2 change in y = 11 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.5).6).6) x (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. Add x to both sides. Simplify. Simplify.

8). Use the commutative property of addition. The slope tells you to go down 8 spaces and left 5 for (−5.0) x 164 Team-LRN . Use a solid line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is ≤.12) y (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 269.0). 3x + 4y = 12 5y ≤ 8x + 40 y ≤ 5x + 8 m= 8 5 8 = −8 −5 = {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. (0.12). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. 5 x + 12 −12 change in y 5 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. m= The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.0) (5. 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 5y ≤ 60 − 12x 5y ≤ −12x + 60 y≤ −12 change in y change in x b = 12 The slope tells you to go down 12 spaces and right 5 for (5. Divide both sides by 5.} b=8 The y-intercept is at the point (0.0).8) (−5. Divide both sides by 5.

4x − 4x + y < 4x − 4x + 5 Simplify. the line is parallel to the x-axis.3) x 165 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 270. Use the distributive property of multiplication.5) (0. y < 0x + 5 With a slope of zero. The y-intercept is (0. 3 10 x + 3 3 change in y = 10 = change in x b=3 The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 10 for (10. ************ 4x + y < 4x + 5 Subtract 4x from both sides. y (10.3).6). Divide both sides by 10. Subtract 2x from both sides.6) (0. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Simplify the inequality. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.5). The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 2x + 10y > 5x + 30 2x − 2x + 10y > 5 x − 2x + 30 10y > 3x + 30 y> m The y-intercept is at the point (0.

Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. y 3 (0. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property.} b=4 The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication.2) x (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2). Divide both sides by 3. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3 y ≥ −2x − 6 y≥ −2 3 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3.4) (3.−4) 166 Team-LRN . m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−4).4) The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. −2 3y ≤ 12 − 2x 3y ≤ −2x + 12 y≤ m= −2 3 x+4 = change in y change in x −2 {Slopes that are the same will result in parallel lines.−2).−2) (3.501 Algebra Questions 271. Divide both sides by 3.

501 Algebra Questions 272. 9( y − 4) < 4x 9y − 36 < 4x 9y − 36 + 36 < 4x + 36 y < 9x + 4 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−2) (9.8).8) (0.4) x (0. Divide both sides by −9. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >.−4).−4) 167 Team-LRN . Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 4 change in y 4 b=4 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 9 for (9. m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. −2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. −9y −9y < 2(x + 9) < 2x + 18 −2 y> 9 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 9 for (9. Use the distributive property of multiplication.4). y (9. Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 9.−2). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Add 36 to both sides.

Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Simplify the inequality. Divide both sides by 3. ************ Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4.5). b=4 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is <. 2 change in y 2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph (next page). Simplify the inequality. −5 < 4 (2x − 3y) 1 1 4(−3) < 4( 4 )(2x − 3y) −12 < 1(2x − 3y) −12 < 2x −3y −12 + 3y < 2x − 3y + 3y −12 + 3y < 2x −12 + 12 + 3y < 2x + 12 3y < 2x + 12 y < 3x + 4 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 273.6). 7( y − 5) < −5x 7y − 35 < −5x 7y − 35 + 35 < −5x + 35 7y < −5x + 35 y< −5 7 x+5 change in y b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 7 for (7. Add 35 to both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. −3 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.0).4). Divide both sides by 7. Add 3y to both sides. Add 12 to both sides. Simplify. 168 Team-LRN . Simplify the inequality.

0) x Graph for Question 273.501 Algebra Questions y (3. Simplify the inequality. Subtract 15 from both sides. Use the commutative property.5) (0.−5) 7 change in y 7 169 Team-LRN . 274. b = −5 3y + 15 > 7x 3y + 15 − 15 > 7x − 15 3y > 7x − 15 y > 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y > 4 (4 − x) y > 7 − 4x −7 y> 4x+7 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 3. −7 7 7 change in y b=7 The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. Use the distributive property of multiplication.6) (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >.0).7).4) (7. ************ 3( y + 5) > 7x Use the distributive property of multiplication.

2) (4. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ 0 5x − 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ −5x −2y − 20 + 20 ≤ −5x + 20 −2y ≤ −5x + 20 y ≥ 2 x − 10 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−5) Graph for Question 274. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.7) (3. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >.2). Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative. 5 change in y 5 170 Team-LRN . Subtract 5x from both sides.501 Algebra Questions The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3.−5). Use the distributive property of multiplication. 275. Divide both sides by −2. y (0.−10).0) x (0. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 2 for (2. Add 20 to both sides. Simplify the inequality.

************ Subtract 2x from both sides.−5) (2.−3). −2 change in y b = −3 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1. y x (0.501 Algebra Questions Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥.−10) Graph for Question 275.−3) (1. 171 Team-LRN . The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.−5) (0.−5). Simplify the inequality. 2x + y ≤ −3 2x − 2x + y ≤ −2x − 3 y ≤ −2x − 3 m = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

you will transform one of the equations so that one variable is expressed in terms of the other. Practice will help you decide. The two methods you will practice here are called the elimination method and the substitution method. one of the variables will be eliminated. But you may ﬁnd that you will begin to see which equations. You can solve systems of equations using algebraic methods. Team-LRN . One method is not better than the other. In the substitution method. because of their structure. you just substitute the found value into one of the equations and solve for the other variable. You will be using the skills you have practiced in the chapters on working with algebraic expressions. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for one variable. lend themselves to one method over the other. Then you will eliminate the variable by substituting into the other equation and solve. you will transform one or both of the two equations in the system so that when you add the two equations together. Then you solve the remaining equation for the remaining variable. use it in one of the two equations to determine the value of the remaining variable. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for the remaining variable. In the elimination method. and solving equations.12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically There is a faster way to solve systems of equations than graphing and ﬁnding the solution point. combining like terms.

3x + y = 20 + 10 = y 286. ﬁrst make a plan to determine which variable you will eliminate from the system. 3x − 5y = −21 288.5x + 5y = 28 3x − y = 13 5x + y = −2 1 2x 280. Use the elimination method to solve the following systems of equations. 6y + 3x = 30 284. + 2y = 12 2x − y = 21 3x − 15 = y 2y + 6x = 0 282.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically When using the elimination method. 3(x + y) = 18 281. 3x = 5 − 7y 2y = x − 6 x 3 285. Express your solution as a coordinate point or in the form (x. 3x + 4y = 17 −x 278. x + y = 4 2x − y = 5 + 2y = 1 277. 7x + 3y = 2 2x + y = 0 279. 5x + 8y = 25 283. 0. 276. Then transform the equation or equations so that you will get the result you want. 1 4x 2(2y − x) = 16 + y = 12 1 2x − 3 y = 21 173 Team-LRN . y). or as variables such as x = 2 and y = 4. 2x + 7y = 36 3x + 4y = 15 287.

6 y + 21x = 8. 8x − y = 0 10x + y = 9 293. y + 4x = 0 295. 5x + y = 3. x + y = 3 3x + 101 = 7y 291. =y+2 2x − 4y = 32 y − 3x = 28 3x = 2 y + 1 1 x 3 294.501 Algebra Questions Use the substitution method to solve the following systems of equations. + 5 =1 3x + 2y = 12 x − 3 = 2y 298. y = 3x 4x + 5y = 95 290. 2x + y = 2 − 5y x−y=5 2x 10 y 297.4 292. 5x + y = 20 296. 4y + 31 = 3x y + 10 = 3x 300. 2(2 − x) = 3y − 2 3x + 9 = 4(5 − y) 174 Team-LRN . x + 5y = 10 299. 289.

Simplify. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 277. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Subtract 4 from both sides. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Multiply the second equation by 3. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Be aware that you may have used a different method of elimination to arrive at the correct answer. Simplify. We could add the equations together if we had x+y=4 2x − y = 5 3x + 0 = 9 3x = 9 =3 x=3 (3) + y = 4 3−3+y=4−3 y=1 3x 3 9 a −3x in the second equation. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Simplify. Add the equations. Multiply both sides by −1. Now solve for x. 3(-x + 2y = 1) −3x + 6y = 3 3x + 4y = 17 0 + 10y = 20 10y = 20 y=2 −x −x + 2(2) = 1 +4=1 −x + 4 − 4 = 1 − 4 −x = −3 x=3 175 Team-LRN . Subtract 3 from both sides. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Identity element of addition. The underlined ordered pair is the solution. 276.2). Regardless of what symbol is used.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. { }. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Divide both sides by 4. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Add the ﬁrst and transformed second equations. Additive identity. Divide both sides by 3. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. ( ). or [ ].1). Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify. Simplify terms.

Multiply the second equation by −3 and add equations to eliminate y. Divide both sides by −12. Transform the second equation so you can add it to the ﬁrst and eliminate y. Simplify. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation. Add the ﬁrst and second equations. 3x + 3y = 18 + y) = −3(−2) − 3( y) = −3(−2) −15x − 3y = 6 3x + 3y = 18 −12x + 0 = 24 −12x = 24 x = −2 −3(5x) −3(5x 176 Team-LRN . Additive identity.5 x = 93 x=6 3(6) − y = 13 18 − y = 13 18 − 18 − y = 13 − 18 −y = −5 (−1)(−y) = (−1)(−5) y=5 distributing the multiplication on the left. The solution for the system of equations is (2. Additive identity. −3(2x −6x −6x + y = 0) − 3y = 0 − 3y = 0 7x + 3y = 2 x+0=2 x=2 2(2) + y = 0 4+y=0 4 − 4 + y = −4 y = −4 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify terms. Add the ﬁrst equation to the transformed second.5x + 5y = 28 15. Simplify. you can eliminate the y.5. Divide both sides by 15. Multiply the equation by −3. 280. The solution for the system of equations is (6.5x + 0 = 93 15. Simplify.−4). 279. Subtract 4 from both sides. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 18 from both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply both sides by −1. Simplify. Simplify. If you multiply the second equation by 5 and add the equations together. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions 278.5). See what the ﬁrst equation looks like after 5(3x − y) = 5(13) 5(3x) − 5( y) = 5(13) 15x − 5y = 65 0.

Multiply the second equation by 8 and add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.3). Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Simplify. Divide both sides by 9. Subtract y from both sides. Multiply the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction. Divide both sides by 29. Subtract 24 from both sides. Simplify. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 282. Transform the second equation into a similar 2(2x − y) = 2(21) 2(2x) − 2( y) = 2(21) 4x − 2y = 42 1 2 x + 2y = 12 4 2 x + 0 = 54 4 2 x = 54 2(4 2 x = 54) 9x = 108 x = 12 2(12) − y = 21 24 − 24 − y = 21 − 24 −y = −3 y=3 1 1 1 format to the ﬁrst equation. Multiply the second equation by 2 and add to 5(−2) + y = −2 + y = −2 10 − 10 + y = 10 − 2 y=8 −10 the ﬁrst to eliminate y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. 281. 3x − 15 + 15 = y + 15 3x = y + 15 3x − y = y − y + 15 3x − y = 15 8(3x − y) = 15 24x − 8y = 120 5x + 8y = 25 29x + 0 = 145 29x = 145 x=5 3(5) − 15 = y 15 − 15 = y 0=y 177 Team-LRN . The solution for the system of equations is (5. Multiply the equation by −1. Additive identity. The solution for the system of equations is (12. Additive identity. Add 15 to both sides. Combine like terms on each side.8). Simplify. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. then line up like terms. Add 10 to both sides.0).

6). Simplify. Add 7y to both sides. Additive identity.501 Algebra Questions 283. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Multiply equation by 3. Simplify. Simplify. Subtract x from both sides. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by −15. 284. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation.−1). Transform the ﬁrst equation into + 6x = 0) − 18x = 0 6y + 3x = 30 0 − 15x = 30 x = −2 −6y −3(2y 2y + 6(−2) = 0 2y − 12 = 0 2y − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 2y = 12 y=6 familiar form (ax + by = c). 3x = 5 − 7y 3x + 7y = 5 − 7y + 7y 3x + 7y = 5 2y = x − 6 + 2y = x − x − 6 −x + 2y = −6 3(−x + 2y = −6) 3(−x) + 3 (2y) = 3(−6) −3x + 6y = −18 3x + 7y = 5 −x 0 + 13y = −13 y = −1 3x = 5 − 7(−1) 3x = 5 + 7 3x = 12 x=4 Divide both sides by 3. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Divide both sides by 2. 178 Team-LRN . Additive identity. Divide both sides by 13. Add 12 to both sides. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add it to the ﬁrst equation to eliminate y.

Simplify. 286. the second by multiplying by −2. Simplify. Simplify terms. Subtract 3y from both sides. Divide both sides by 10. Add the transformed second equation to the ﬁrst. Simplify. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 3. Subtract 30 from each side. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 3 and add to the second equation to eliminate y. Simplify terms. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation to the second equation.6).11). Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). Simplify terms. Multiply the equation by 3. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Subtract 24 from both sides. Use the distributive property. Additive identity. The solution for the system of equations is (3. and eliminate the x variable by adding the equations together.501 Algebra Questions 285. Divide both sides by 13. Use the distributive property. Use the distributive property. Simplify terms. The solution for the system of equations is (−3. Simplify terms. Transform the ﬁrst equation by multiplying 3( 3 + 10 = y) 3( 3 ) + 3(10) = 3( y) x + 30 = 3y x + 30 − 30 = 3y − 30 x = 3y − 30 x − 3y = 3y − 3y − 30 x − 3y = −30 3(3x + y = 20) 3(3x) + 3( y) = 3(20) 9x + 3y = 60 x − 3y = −30 10x + 0 = 30 x=3 + 10 = y 1 + 10 = y 11 = y (3) 3 x x by 3. Second equation. Use the distributive property. Additive identity. 3(2x + 7y = 36) 3(2x) + 3 (7y) = 3(36) 6x + 21y = 108 −2(3x + 4y = 15) −2(3x) − 2(4y) = −2(15) −6x − 8y = −30 6x + 21y = 108 0 + 13y = 78 y=6 3x + 4(6) = 15 3x + 24 = 15 3x + 24 − 24 = 15 − 24 3x = −9 x = −3 179 Team-LRN .

Transform the second equation into a similar form to the ﬁrst equation. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Simplify. Simplify terms and add 15 to each side. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. The solution for the system of equations is (12. 1 3 (2x − 3 y = 21) 3(2x) − 3( 3 y) = 3(21) 6x − y = 63 1 4 x + y = 12 1 6 4 x + 0 = 75 1 6 4 x = 75 64x 64 1 1 1 1 = 75 1 64 x = 12 + y = 12 3 − 3 + y = 12 − 3 y=9 1 4 (12) 180 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 2. Then.501 Algebra Questions 287. Transform the second equation by multiplying it by 3. Simplify terms. 2(2y) − 2 (x) = 16 4y − 2x = 16 −2x + 4y = 16 2(3x − 5y = −21) 6x − 10y = −42 3(−2x + 4y = 16) −6x + 12y = 48 6x − 10y = −42 2y = 6 y=3 3x − 5(3) = −21 3x − 15 + 15 = −21 + 15 3x = −6 x = −2 288. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Additive identity. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 6 4 . Simplify. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x.3). Distributive property. add the equations together to eliminate y. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 2 and the second equation by 3. Combine like terms on each side. and add the transformed equations to eliminate the variable x. Divide both sides by 3. Distributive property. Simplify the ﬁrst term and subtract from both sides. Simplify terms.9). Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.

Subtract y from both sides of the equation. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Subtract 11 from both sides.5 + y = 3.4 Subtract 3. Add 3y to both sides. 5x + y = 3.6 − 5x) + 21x = 8. 3.6 − 5x Combine like terms on each side. 1. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. The solution for the system of equations is (−8.4 Combine like terms.5 − 1.501 Algebra Questions 289. Substitute 5 for x in one of the equations. 5x − 5x + y = 3.1). 290. 1.3. 5(0.5 from both sides.6 Subtract 1. Substitute 3 − y for x in the second equation and solve for y. Simplify term and add like terms. Combine like terms.5 Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 10. Use the distributive property of multiplication.15).6 Simplify terms.8 Divide both sides by 16. y = 3. Add like terms. 16x = 4. Divide both sides by 19. 181 Team-LRN .6 − 3. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is x+y−y=3−y x=3−y 3(3 − y) + 101 = 7y 9 − 3y + 101 = 7y 9 + 101 − 3y = 7y 110 − 3y + 3y = 7y + 3y 110 = 10y 11 = y x + (11) = 3 x + 11 − 11 = 3 − 11 x = −8 expressed in terms of x.6 − 1.11). Use the commutative property of addition.1 The solution for the system of equations is (0.4 − 3. y = 2.6 from both sides.3 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.2.6 + 16x = 8. Combine like terms on each side. 3.6 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation.5 + y = 3. (3. Substitute 3x for y in the second equation and then solve for x. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of x 4x + 5 (3x) = 95 4x + 15x = 95 19x = 95 95 x = 19 = 5 y = 3(5) = 15 is expressed in terms of y.6 + 16x = 8. x = 0. The ﬁrst equation tells you that y = 3x.6 − 5x Substitute the value of y into the second equation. 291.6 Combine like terms on each side.3) + y = 3.

Divide both sides by 2. Use the distributive property. 293. Subtract 12 from both sides. Substitute the value of y into the second equation. Simplify. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the 8x − y = 0 8x + y − y = y + 0 8x = y 10x + 8x = 9 18x = 9 1 x= 2 8( 2 ) − y = 0 4−y=0 4−y+y=0+y 4=y 1 value of x is expressed in terms of y. Combine like terms on each side. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y.10). Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms and simplify. 3(( 3 ) = y + 2) 3( 3 ) = 3y + 6 x = 3y + 6 2(3y + 6) − 4y = 32 6y + 12 − 4y = 32 6y − 4y + 12 = 32 2y + 12 − 12 = 32 − 12 2y = 20 y = 10 2x − 4(10) = 32 2x − 40 + 40 = 32 + 40 2x = 72 x = 36 y + 4x = 0 y + 4x − 4x = 0 − 4x y = −4x −7x x x Subtract 4x from both sides. Combine like terms. The solution for the system of equations is (36.501 Algebra Questions 292. Divide both sides by 18. Express y in terms of x in the ﬁrst equation. The solution for the system of equations is (−4. Combine like terms. Simplify and add 40 to both sides. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Add y to both sides of the equation. Simplify. Use the commutative property of addition. Divide both sides by −7. Combine like terms. Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Combine like terms on each side and simplify. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Multiply the equation by 3. 294.4).16). Add y to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms. Divide both sides by 2. 1 The solution for the system of equations is ( 2 . Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. Simplify. Add 16 to both sides. (−4x) − 3x = 28 = 28 x = −4 y + 4(−4) = 0 y − 16 = 0 y = 16 182 Team-LRN . Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is expressed in terms of x. Simplify terms.

501 Algebra Questions 295. Combine like terms. Combine like terms on each side. Substitute the found value for y into one of the equations and solve for x. Transform the second equation so that the value of x is expressed in terms of y. Add 5y to both sides of the equation. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. y = 10 The solution for the system of equations is (2. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of y is expressed in terms of x. Transform the ﬁrst equation by eliminating 10( 10 + 5 ) = 10(1) 10( 10 ) + 10( 5 ) = 10 2x + 2y = 10 2x y 2x y Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. 296. Divide both sides by 8. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. 10 + y = 20 Subtract 10 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 5 2 . The solution for the system of equations is (4. 183 Team-LRN . the denominators. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Subtract 10 from both sides. Add y to both sides of the equation. 5(2) + y = 20 Simplify. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add 2 x to both sides. x=2 Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Multiply both sides of the equation by 10.10). 297. Combine like terms. 1 5 5x − 5x + y = 20 − 5x y = 20 − 5x 3x = 2 (20 − 5x) + 1 3x = 10 − 2 x + 1 3x = 11 − 2 x 3x + 2 x = 11 + 2 x − 2 x 5 2 x = 11 52x 52 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 1 = 11 1 52 Simplify terms. x−y+y=5+y x=5+y 2(5 + y) + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y + 5y = 2 − 5y + 5y 10 + 8y = 2 10 − 10 + 8y = 2 − 10 8y = −8 y = −1 x − (−1) = 5 x+1=5 x=4 −1).

1). Substitute the found value for y into the ﬁrst equation and solve for x. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify terms. Simplify the term and subtract 6 from both sides. Add 3 to both sides. Now express x in terms of y. Subtract 5 from both sides. Combine like terms. Transform the second equation so that the x − 3 + 3 = 2y + 3 x = 2y + 3 (2y + 3) + 5y = 10 2y + 5y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 − 3 = 10 − 3 7y = 7 y=1 x + 5(1) = 10 x + 5 − 5 = 10 − 5 x=5 value of y is expressed in terms of x. Substitute the value of x into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for y. Add 9 to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms. Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 7. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 3 from both sides. Subtract y from both sides of the equation. The solution for the system of equations is (2. Subtract 12 from both sides. 299. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side.501 Algebra Questions Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by 3. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Simplify. Simplify. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. 184 y + 10 − 10 = 3x − 10 y = 3x − 10 4(3x − 10) + 31 = 3x 4(3x) − 4 (10) + 31 = 3x 12x − 40 + 31 = 3x 12x − 9 = 3x 12x − 9 + 9 = 3x + 9 Team-LRN . 298. Transform the second equation so that the value = 2 x+y=5 2x + 2y 2 10 x+y−y=5−y x=5−y 3(5 − y) + 2y = 12 3(5) − 3y + 2y = 12 15 − y = 12 15 − y + y = 12 + y 15 = 12 + y 15 − 12 = 12 − 12 + y 3=y 3x + 2 (3) = 12 3x + 6 − 6 = 12 − 6 3x = 6 x=2 of x is expressed in terms of y. Add y to both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side.3).

Combine like terms on each side. The solution for the system of equations is (1.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side. 3x + 9 = 20 − 4y 3x + 9 − 9 = 20 − 9 − 4y 3x = 11 − 4y x= 11 − 4y 3 4 − 2x = 3y − 2 4 − 2( Multiply the numerator by the factor 2. 3(4 − ( 3 )) = 3(3y − 2) Use the distributive property 22 − 8y of multiplication. −4 = y Combine like terms on each side. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. 11 − 4y 3 ) = 3y − 2 22 − 8y ( 3 ) = 3y − 2 185 Team-LRN . 12 − (22 − 8y) = 9y − 6 Simplify the second term and the − sign. Add 6 to both sides. Divide both sides by 3. 12 − 22 + 8y = 9y − 6 −10 + 8y = 9y − 6 Combine like terms. Subtract 9 from both sides. Subtract 10 from both sides. 4 − 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 − 4 −2x = −18 Simplify. x=9 Divide both sides by The solution for the system of equations is (9. Subtract 3x from both sides. 300. 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 Subtract 4 from both sides. 3(4) − 3( 3 ) = 3(3y) − 3(2) Simplify each term. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. Combine like terms on each side. −2. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 2(2 − x) = 3(−4) − 2 Distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 9. 4− Multiply both sides of the equation by 3 22 − 8y to eliminate the denominator. Begin with the second equation and 12x = 3x + 9 12x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 9 9x = 9 x=1 y + 10 = 3(1) y + 10 − 10 = 3 − 10 y = −7 express x in terms of y.−4). Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y.−7). use the distributive property to simplify the equation. Combine like terms on each side. −4 + 8y − 8y = 9y − 8y Subtract 8y from both sides. 6 − 10 + 8y = 9y + 6 − 6 −4 + 8y = 9y Combine like terms on each side. First.

Working with Exponents In this chapter. you will practice adding. and dividing expressions that contain variables with exponents. multiplying. 13 3n + 5n = 8n. add the exponents and write the base only once: (a4)(a3) = a(4 + 3) = a7 = ax(2 + 1)y(3 + 5) = ax3y8 (x2y3)(axy5) Team-LRN . but in this chapter. if the variables are the same. the variables have exponents. Tips for Working with Exponents Add and subtract like terms: When multiplying variables with exponents. subtracting. You will follow all the rules you have learned about operating with variables. or 5x2y − 3x2y = 2x2y.

list terms in order from highest power to lowest power. you multiply the exponent to form the new term: (b2)3 = b2 · b2 · b2 = b2 + b2 + b2 = b6 (2x2y)2 = 2x2y · 2x2y = 2 · 2 · x2 · x2 · y · y = 22x2+2y1+1 = 4x4y2 Remember order of operations. the term raised to the power of zero equals 1: z0 = 1 3 r 2 = 3r 0 = 3(1) = 3 When a variable with an exponent is raised to a power. you subtract the exponents: n5 n2 = n·n·n·n·n n·n = n5−2 = n3 If the exponent of a similar term in the denominator is larger than the one in the numerator. Generally. the exponent will have a negative sign: 2x3 x4 n5 n8 = 2x−1 = n5−8 = n−3 A negative numerator becomes positive when the variable is moved into the denominator.501 Algebra Questions When dividing variables with exponents. PEMDAS. 2x−1 = 2( x1 ) = n−3 = 1 n3 1 2 x When the result of a division leaves an exponent of zero. if the variables are the same. r2 187 Team-LRN .

4xy · 3xy + 7x2y2 308. 9mn3 + 8mn + 2mn3 304. 316. 4x−2(5ax)2 318. (ab2)3 + 2b2 − (4a)3b6 324. 8xy2 2xy (3x)3 x2 • x4 (12s2)(2s4) 3s3 7a2b5 28ab2 2(3x2y)2(xy)3 3(xy)2 2x2y5 x5y3 3x−2 x5 24x3 (2x)2 2x x8 3x5 x4 (3ax)2 a2 x 310. (3xy5)2 − 11x2y2(4y4)2 315. − + 319. 5ab4 − ab4 303. (4x2y)3 + 2x2y 322. 312. 9y2 325. (5a2x3y)3 320. 317. 3x2 + 9x2 302. (5a2 · 3ab) + 2a3b 309.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions: 301. (5n2)(2n5 − 2n3 + 3n7) 307. 7ax (a2x)2 (4b)2x−2 (2ab2x)2 4 (2x2y)4 323. (4a2)3 + (2a3)2 − 11a6 311. − 321. 313. 314. 3x2 + 4ax − 8a2 + 7x2 − 2ax + 7a2 306. 5c2 + 3c − 2c2 + 4 − 7c 305. (2xy · x )2 + (3y)2 188 Team-LRN .

(12x2y2) + 7x2y2 Combine like terms. (5 · 2 · n2n5) . Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. Use the commutative property 3x2 + 9x2 = 12x2 5ab4 − ab4 = 4ab4 9mn3 + 2mn3 + 8mn 11mn3 + 8mn 5c2 − 2c2 − 7c + 3c + 4 3c2 − 4c + 4 3x2 + 7x2 + 4ax − 2ax − 8a2 + 7a2 10x2 + 2ax − a2 (5n2)(2n5) − (5n2)(2n3) + (5n2)(3n7) of addition. ( ). Add like terms. 306. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 304. (4 · 3xxyy) + 7x2y2 When the same variables are multiplied. Use the commutative property of addition. 19x2y2 189 Team-LRN . 301. Regardless of what symbol is used. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. (10 · n2 + 5) − (10 · n2 + 3) + (15 · n2 + 7) 10n7 − 10n5 + 15n9 Show expression in decreasing exponential order. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 302. 305. Subtract like terms.(5 · 2 · n2n3) + (5 · 3 · n2n7) Add the exponents of the variables. add the exponents of the variables. Use the distributive property. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Combine like terms. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. { }. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 15n9 + 10n7 − 10n5 307. 303. or [ ]. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of multiplication. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ).501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.

add the exponents of the variables. Combine like terms. you subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Another way of solving this problem is to multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. Simplify terms. When similar factors.501 Algebra Questions 308. add the exponents of the variables. 27x3−6 = 27x−3 27x−3 = 27x 3 When similar factors. are being divided. Commutative property of multiplication. 312. 15a3b + 2a3b Combine like terms. or bases. are being divided. 4(1)3a(2)3 + 2(1)2a(3)2 − 11a6 43a6 + 22a6 − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 311. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Simplify. add the exponents of the variables. Simplify the expressions in the exponents. Divide numerical terms. are multiplied. In the denominator. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. 12 · 2s2 · s4 3s3 12 · 2s2 + 4 3s3 8s6 s3 190 Team-LRN . or bases. Combine like terms. Terms within parentheses are the base of 8xy2 2xy = 4xy2 xy 4xy2 xy = 4x1−1y2−1 4x0y1 = 4(1)y = 4y (4a2)(4a2)(4a2) + (2a3)(2a3) − 11a6 (4 · 4 · 4)(a2 · a2 · a2) + (2 · 2)(a3 · a3) − 11a6 64(a2+2+2) + 4(a3+3) − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 the exponent outside the parentheses. or bases. Simplify the exponent and coefﬁcients. 310. Use the distributive property of multiplication. (5 · 3a2ab) + 2a3b When the same variables are multiplied. 17a3b 309. Use the commutative property of multiplication. add the exponents of similar bases. multiply the exponents of each 33x3 x2 • x4 33x3 27x3 2+4 = x6 x In the numerator. When the same variables are multiplied. Simplify. When similar factors.

Use the commutative property of multiplication. and simplify exponents with operations. 4x−2(52a2x2) 4 · 52 · a2x2x−2 191 Team-LRN . are being divided. When similar factors. add the exponents of the variables. 314. are being divided. 313. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Factor out like numerical terms in the fraction. are multiplied. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. or bases. are multiplied. Evaluate numerical factors. are being divided. Either expression is an acceptable answer. Combine like terms. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside = 1a2b5 4ab2 1a2b5 1a2−1b5−2 = 4 4ab2 1b3 1a 4 a1b3 1 3 4 = 4 ab the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. 317. Divide out the common factor of 7 in the 8s6−3 = 8s3 1 · 7a2b5 4 · 7ab2 numerator and denominator. 6x7−2y5−2 6x5y3 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. or bases. Simplify exponents. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. or bases. 315. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 32x2y10 − 11x2y242y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 42x2y2y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 16 · x2y10 9x2y10 − 176x2y10 −167x2y10 2(32x4y2)(x3y3) 3(x2y2) 2 · 9 · x4x3y2y3 3x2y2 2 · 9 · x4+3y2+3 3x2y2 6x7y5 x2y2 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. or bases. Separate the coefﬁcient from the variable. 316. Use the commutative property of multiplication. or bases. add the exponents of the variables. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Simplify the operations in the exponents. When similar factors. or bases. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 2x2y5 x5y3 = 2x2−5y5−3 2x2−5y5−3 = 2x−3y2 2x−3y2 = 2y2 x3 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. When similar factors. When similar factors. When similar factors.501 Algebra Questions When similar factors. are being divided.

Multiply the exponents of each factor inside 53a6x9y3 125a6x9y3 the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. 192 43x6y3 + 24x8y4 2x2y 43x6y3 + 24−1x8−2y4−1 43x6y3 + 23x6y3 64x6y3 + 8x6y3 72x6y3 7ax a4x2 322. When similar factors. 100a2x2x−2 100a2x2−2 100a2x0 100a2(1) 100a2 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. 320. are being divided. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Combine like terms. add the exponents. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcient. Simplify the operations in the exponents. or bases. Identity element of multiplication. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Add like terms. 321. When similar factors. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. Simplify the operations in the exponents. or bases. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Any base to the power of 0 = 1. Simplify the operations in the exponents. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients and divide out common numerical factors in the terms. Subtract like terms. are being divided. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 3x−2−5 − 2x1−8 3x−7 − 2x−7 x−7 x−7 = 1 x7 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. When similar factors. or bases. Multiply the exponents of each factor 24x3 22x2 6x3 x2 + 3x5 x4 − 32a2x2 a2x + 3x5 x4 − 9a2x2 a2x 6x3−2 + 3x5−4 − 9a2−2x2−1 6x1 + 3x1 − 9a0x1 6x + 3x − 9(1)x 6x + 3x − 9x = 0x = 0 inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. When similar factors. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. are being divided. are being divided. are being multiplied. 318. Any term to the power of zero equals 1. or bases. theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. or bases. 319.501 Algebra Questions Evaluate numerical terms. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7a1−4x1−2 Team-LRN . When similar factors.

subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. Simplify the operations in the exponents. 7a−3x−1 = 323. Evaluate numerical factors. Combine like terms in the expression. (2xy)2 · ( x )2 + Repeat the previous step. by the exponent outside the parentheses. Simplify the numerical factors in the numerator and the denominator. Use the commutative property of multiplication. The last term is equivalent to 1. or bases. Evaluate numerical factors. 325. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. a3b6 + 2b2 − 43a3b6 a3b6 + 2b2 − 64a3b6 2b2 − 64a3b6 + a3b6 2b2 − 63a3b6 42b2x−2 22a2b4x2 16b2x−2 4a2b4x2 4b2x−2 a2b4x2 4b2−4x−2−2 a2 4b−2x−4 a2 4 a2b2x4 4 324. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Divide out the common factor of x2 in the numerator and denominator. 7a−3x−1 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the operations in the exponents. Multiply the fraction in the ﬁrst term by the factor in the ﬁrst term. Use the commutative property of addition. 9y2 32y2 9y2 42 (22x2y2)( x2 ) + 32y2 16 9y2 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 9y2 16 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 1 (4x2y2)16 )+1 x2 4 · 16x2y2 ( x2 ) + 1 64x2y2 +1 x2 ( 64y2 + 1 193 Team-LRN . When similar factors. are being divided. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7 a3x1 = 7 a3x theses by the exponent outside the parentheses.

multiplying binomials (expressions with two terms). Team-LRN .Multiplying Polynomials This chapter will present problems for you to solve in the multiplication of polynomials. 14 a(b + c + d + e) = ab + ac + ad + ae Tips for Multiplying Polynomials When multiplying a polynomial by a monomial. Speciﬁcally. you will practice solving problems multiplying a monomial (one term) and a polynomial. and multiplying a trinomial and a binomial. you use the distributive property of multiplication to multiply each term in the polynomial by the monomial.

Then you combine the terms. (4 + x2)(9 − 4x) x 3 6x − 1 x2 ) 195 Team-LRN . Then add the results. x(3x + 4y − 8) 327. (a + b)(c + d + e) = (ac + ad + ae) + (bc + bd + be) Multiply the following polynomials. Multiply each term in the trinomial by the ﬁrst and then the second term in the binomial. 3mn(−4m + 6n + 7mn2 − 3m2n) 330. I is for inner. 2a(5a2 − 7a + 9) 328. Multiply the inner terms of each binomial. (x + 2)(x − 3y) 335. (5x + 7)(5x − 7) 337. ([a] + b)(c + [d]) gives the term ad. (a + [b])(c + [d]) gives the term bd. L is for last. (2x + 1)(3x − 7) 334. 326. You proceed similarly to the way you would when using the distributive property of multiplication. (a + [b])([c] + d) gives the term bc. (28x + 7)( 7 − 11) 338. ac + ad + bc + bd Multiplying a trinomial by a binomial is relatively easy. you use the mnemonic FOIL to remind you of the order with which you multiply terms in the binomials. (7x + 2y)(2x − 4y) 336. Multiply the ﬁrst terms of each binomial. (x + 3)(x + 5) 332. (x − 4)(x − 9) 333. (a + b)(c + d) F is for ﬁrst. O is for outer. (3x2 + y2)(x2 − 2y2) 339.501 Algebra Questions When multiplying a binomial by a binomial. 4x(9x3 + x2 − x4 + 331. ([a] + b)([c] + d) gives the term ac. 4bc(3b2c + 7b − 9c + 2bc2 − 8) 329. Multiply the last terms of each binomial. Multiply the outer terms of each binomial.

(3x + 2)(2x2 − 2x − 5) 346. (5r − 7)(3r4 + 2r2 + 6) 350. (x + 2)(3x2 − 4x + 1) 342.501 Algebra Questions 340. (2x − 3)(x3 + 3x2 − 4x) 343. (3a − 4)(5a + 2)(a + 3) 348. (x + 2)(2x + 1)(x − 1) 347. (2n − 3)(2n + 3)(n + 4) 349. (3x2 + 4)(x − 3)(3x2 − 4) 196 Team-LRN . (4a + b)(5a2 + 2ab − b2) 344. (2x2 + y2)(x2 − y2) 341. (3y − 7)(6y2 − 3y + 7) 345.

perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 3mn(−4m) + 3mn(6n) + 3mn(7mn2) − 3mn(3m2n) −12m2n + 18mn2 + 21m2n3 − 9m3n2 197 Team-LRN . Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4bc. Simplify terms. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 328. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 3mn. x(3x) + x(4y) − x(8) 3x2 + 4xy − 8x 2a(5a2) − 2a(7a) + 2a(9) 10a3 − 14a2 + 18a Simplify terms. 326. 327.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Simplify terms. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Simplify terms. Regardless of what symbol is used. or [ ]. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 4bc(3b2c) + 4bc(7b) − 4bc(9c) + 4bc(2bc2) − 4bc(8) 12b3c2 + 28b2c − 36bc2 + 8b2c3 − 32bc 329. Multiply each term in the trinomial by x. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. { }. Multiply each term in the trinomial by 2a. ( ).

36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 Use the distributive property in 12x 24x2 − 4x the numerator of the 4th term. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24(1) Simplify and put in order. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Combine like terms. are being divided. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. 331. 36x4 + 8x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the 8 inverse sign for the exponent. 36x4 + 12x1−2 − 4x5 + 24x2−2 − 4x1−2 Simplify operations in the exponents. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24x0 A variable to the power of zero 8 equals 1. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. −4x5 + 36x4 + 8 x + 24 ([x] + 3)([x] + 5) x2 ([x] + 3)(x + [ 5 ]) +5x (x + [3])([x] + 5) +3x (x + [3])(x + [5]) +15 2 + 5x + 3x + 15 x x2 + 8x + 15 ([x] − 4)([x] − 9) x2 ([x] − 4)(x − [9]) −9x (x − [4])([x] − 9) −4x (x − [4])(x − [9]) +36 x2 − 9x − 4x + 36 x2 − 13x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 198 Team-LRN . Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. or bases. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 When similar factors. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 4x(9x3) + 4x( x2 ) − 4x(x4) + 4x( 12x 4x(6x − 1) 3 6x − 1 ) x2 Simplify terms. 332. Add the products of FOIL together. Combine like terms. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 − 4x−1 Use the associative property of addition. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator.501 Algebra Questions 330. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 Combine like terms. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4x. Use FOIL to multiply binomials.

Add the products of FOIL together. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 334. Combine like terms. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. ([2x] + 1)([3x] − 7) 6x2 ([2x] + 1)(3x − [7]) −14x (2x + [1])([3x] − 7) +3x (2x + [1])(3x − [7]) −7 6x2 − 14x + 3x − 7 6x2 − 11x − 7 ([x] + 2)([x] − 3y) x2 ([x] + 2)(x − [3y]) −3xy (x + [2])([x] − 3y) +2x (x + [2])(x − [3y]) −6y 2 − 3xy + 2x − 6y x ([7x] + 2y)([2x] − 4y) 14x2 ([7x] + 2y)(2x − [4y]) −28xy (7x + [2y])([2x] − 4y) +4xy (7x + [2y])(2x − [4y]) −8y2 2 − 28xy + 4xy − 8y2 14x 14x2 − 24xy − 8y2 ([5x] + 7)([5x] − 7) 25x2 ([5x] + 7)(5x − [7]) −35x (5x + [7])([5x] − 7) +35x (5x + [7] (5x − [7]) −49 25x2 − 35x + 35x − 49 25x2 − 49 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 335. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 333. 336. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 199 Team-LRN . Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials.

Multiply the last terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 337. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. 339. Combine like terms. 340. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. + 9x2 − 16x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. ([28x] + 7)([ 7 ] − 11) 4x2 x ([28x] + 7)( 7 − [11]) −308x x (28x + [7])([ 7 ] − 11) +x x (28x + [7])( 7 − [11]) −77 2 − 308x + x − 77 4x 4x2 − 307x − 77 ([3x2] + y2)([x2] − 2y2) 3x4 ([3x2] + y2)(x2 − [2y2]) −6x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − 2y2 (3x +x2y2 (3x2 + [y2])(x2 − [2y2]) −2y4 4 − 6x2y2 + x2y2 − 2y4 3x 3x4 − 5x2y2 − 2y4 ([4] + x2)([9] − 4x) +36 2)(9 − [4x]) ([4] + x −16x 2])([9] − 4x) (4 + [x +9x2 2])(9 − [4x]) (4 + [x −4x3 36 − 16x + 9x2 − 4x3 −4x3 x Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 338. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Combine like terms. Simplify and put them in order from the highest power. 200 ([2x2] + y2)([x2] − y2) 2x4 ([2x2] + y2)(x2 − [y2]) −2x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − y2) (2x +x2y2 (2x2 + [y2])(x2 − [y2]) −y4 4 − 2x2y2 + x2y2 − y4 2x 2x4 − x2y2 − y4 Team-LRN . Multiply the inner terms in each binomial.

Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. [3x3 − 4x2 + x] + [6x2 − 8x + 2] Use the commutative property of addition. x. [4a(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [4a(5a2) + 4a(2ab) − 4a(b2)] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] [b(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [b(5a2) + b(2ab) − b(b2)] [5a2b + 2ab2 -b3] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] + [5a2b + 2ab2 − b3)] 20a3 + 8a2b + 5a2b − 4ab2 + 2ab2 − b3 20a3 + 13a2b − 2ab2 − b3 201 Team-LRN . Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst [2x(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [2x(x3) + 2x(3x2) − 2x(4x)] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] [−3(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [−3(x3) − 3(3x2) − 3(−4x)] [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] + [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x)] 2x4 + 6x3 − 3x3 + 8x2 − 9x2 + 12x 2x4 + 3x3 − 17x2 + 12x term in the binomial. 4a. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Combine like terms. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. b. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. 3x3 − 4x2 + 6x2 + x − 8x + 2 Combine like terms. 2x. −3. 3x3 + 2x2 − 7x + 2 342. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. [x(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [x(3x2) − x(4x) + x(1)] [3x3 − 4x2 + x] [2(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [2(3x2) − 2(4x) + 2(1)] [6x2 − 8x + 2] Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 341. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Simplify terms. 343. 2.

3x. ([x] + 2)(2x + [1]) +x Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Simplify terms. in the binomial. (x + [2])([2x] + 1) +4x Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Simplify terms. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. ([x] + 2)([2x] + 1) 2x2 Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. (x + [2])(2x + [1]) +2 2 + x + 4x + 2 Add the products of FOIL together. 2x2 + 5x + 2 202 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication.501 Algebra Questions 344. −7. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. 3y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. 2.. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term 346. 2x Combine like terms. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms. [3y(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [3y(6y2) − 3y(3y) + 3y(7)] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] [−7(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [−7(6y2) − 7(−3y) − 7(7)] [−42y2 + 21y − 49] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] + [−42y2 + 21y − 49] 18y3 − 9y2 − 42y2 + 21y + 21y − 49 18y3 − 51y2 + 42y − 49 [3x(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [3x(2x2) − 3x(2x) − 3x(5)] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] [2(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [2(2x2) − 2(2x) − 2(5)] [4x2 − 4x − 10] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] + [4x2 − 4x − 10] 6x3 + 4x2 − 6x2 − 15x − 4x − 10 6x3 − 2x2 − 19x − 10 345.

Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Simplify terms. [45a2 − 42a − 24] 203 Team-LRN . Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. (a + 3)(15a2 − 14a − 8) Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. [a(15a2 − 14a − 8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial.501 Algebra Questions Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. 3. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 347. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms (x − 1)(2x2 + 5x + 2) [x(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [x(2x2) + x(5x) + x(2)] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] [−1(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [−2x2 − 5x − 2] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] + [−2x2 − 5x − 2] 2x3 + 5x2 − 2x2 + 2x − 5x − 2 2x3 + 3x2 − 3x − 2 in the expression using FOIL. Use the distributive property of multiplication. [a(15a2) − a(14a) -a(8)] Simplify terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. 15a2 − 14a − 8 Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Combine like terms. ([3a] − 4)([5a] + 2) 15a2 ([3a] − 4)(5a + [2]) +6a (3a − [4])([5a] + 2) −20a (3a − [4])(5a + [2]) −8 2 + 6a − 20a − 8 Add the products of FOIL together. [3(15a2) − 3(14a) − 3(8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. a. 15a Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. x. −1.

Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] + [45a2 − 42a − 24] Use the commutative property of addition. 5r. Add the products of FOIL together. Now we again have two binomials. Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms. Use FOIL to ﬁnd the solution. Use the distributive property of multiplication. −7.501 Algebra Questions Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the ([2n] − 3)([2n] + 3) 4n2 ([2n] − 3)(2n + [3]) +6n (2n − [3])([2n] + 3) −6n (2n − [3])(2n + [3)] −9 2 + 6n − 6n − 9 4n 4n2 − 9 (n + 4)(4n2 − 9) ([n] + 4)([4n2] − 9) 4n3 ([n] + 4)(4n2 − [9]) −9n (n + [4])([4n2] − 9) +16n2 (n + [4])(4n2 − [9]) −36 3 − 9n + 16n2 − 36 4n 4n3 + 16n2 − 9n − 36 ﬁrst term in the binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. [5r (3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [5r (3r4) + 5r (2r2) + 5r (6)] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] [−7(3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [−7(3r4) − 7(2r2) − 7(6)] [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] + [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] 15r5 − 21r4 + 10r3 − 14r2 + 30r − 42 204 Team-LRN . 15a3 − 14a2 + 45a2 − 8a − 42a − 24 Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Simplify terms. Order terms from the highest to lowest power. 349. 15a3 + 31a2 − 50a − 24 348. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial.

3. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Add the products of FOIL together. Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. ([3x2] + 4)([x] − 3) 3x3 2] + 4)(x − [3]) ([3x −9x2 2 + [4])([x] − 3) (3x +4x 2 + [4])(x − [3]) (3x −12 3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) (3x (3x2 − 4)(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) [3x2(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [3x2 (3x3) − 3x2(9x2) + 3x2(4x) − 3x2(12)] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] [9x [−4(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] [9x5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] + [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 12x3 − 9x 36x2 + 36x2 − 16x + 48 5 − 27x4 − 16x + 48 9x 205 Team-LRN . 3x2. Combine like terms. Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Multiply the last terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 350. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial.

The problems will be presented in random order to give you practice at recognizing which method or combination of methods will be required to factor the polynomial. In the second.g. Factoring using the trinomial method: This method requires you to factor the ﬁrst and third terms and put the factors into the following Team-LRN . you look for common factors in the terms of the polynomial. you will factor polynomials that are the difference of two perfect squares. called the trinomial factor method. 2x2 + 8 = 2(x2 + 4) Factoring using the difference of two perfect squares: Polynomials in the form x2 − y2 can be factored into two terms: (x + y)(x − y). The third technique. Complete explanations of the solutions will follow. Put that factor outside a set of parentheses and the polynomial inside with the factor removed from each term. 15 Tips for Factoring Polynomials Factoring using the greatest common factor: Look for a factor common to every term in the polynomial.Factoring Polynomials This chapter will present algebraic expressions for you to factor. will allow you to factor algebraic expressions that have three terms. You can use three different techniques to factor polynomials. where a and b are whole numbers. The trinomial expressions in this chapter will be in the form of x2 ± ax ± b. e. In the ﬁrst technique.

g. a2 + 11a − 12 368. b2 − 4b − 21 367. 7x4y2 − 35x2y2 + 14x2y4 357. 4a2 − 25 355. Factor the following polynomials. h2 − 12h + 11 373. 3a2x + 9ax 353. x2 + 2x + 1 = (x + 1)(x + 1). c2 − 12c + 32 372. x2 + 3x + 2 358. 6a + 15 352. m2 − 11m + 18 374. b2 − 100 363. b2 − 9b + 8 366. x2 + 20x + 99 371. 351. x2 − 20x + 36 207 Team-LRN . e. x2 − 16 354. 9r2 − 36 359. x2 + x − 6 362. v4 − 13v2 − 48 375. The factors of the ﬁrst term go in the ﬁrst position in the parentheses and the factors of the third term go in the second position in each factor. x2 + 10x + 25 369. x2 + 5x + 6 361. 7n2 − 21n 356. x2 − 2x − 8 360. x2 − 3x − 18 365.501 Algebra Questions factored form: ([ ] ± [ ])([ ] ± [ ]). 36y4 − z2 370. x2 + 7x + 12 364.

Factor 3 out of each term and write the expression in factored form. 4a2 − 25 = (2a + 5)(2a − 5) 2 − 10a + 10a − 25 = 4a2 − 25 Check using FOIL. The terms have a common factor of 7n. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect 3a2x + 9ax = 3ax(a + 3) squares. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). (x + 4)(x − 4) = x 354. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. and 25 = 52. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The terms have a common factor of 3. 352. x2 − 16 = (x + 4)(x − 4) 2 − 4x + 4x − 16 = x2 − 16 Check using FOIL. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. or [ ]. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 7x2y2(x2 − 5 + 2y2) 208 Team-LRN . 356. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. { }. The terms have a common factor of 3ax. 6a + 15 = 3(2a + 5) Factor 3ax out of each term and write the expression in factored form. The terms have a common factor of 7x2y2. 353. Regardless of what symbol is used. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. (2a + 5)(2a − 5) = 4a 355. 4a2 = (2a)2.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Factor 7n2 − 21n = 7n(n − 3) 7x2y2 out of each term in the expression and write it in factored form. Factor 7n out of each term and write the expression in factored form. 351. ( ). Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written.

360. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) and (2)(4). Check using FOIL. Try using two positive signs and the factors 2 and 3. (x + 2)(x + 3) = x2 + 2x + 3x + 6 = x2 + 5x + 6 209 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 357. (x + 2)(x + 1) = x2 + x + 2x + 2 = x2 + 3x + 2 The factors are correct. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. which is what you need. This expression can be factored using the 9r2 − 36 = (3r + 6)(3r − 6) trinomial method. and the factors of 2 are 1 and 2. The factors of x2 are x and x. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. 9r2 = (3r)2 and 36 = 62. Place the factors into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. which add up to 5. 359. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Since the numerical term of the polynomial is positive. 358. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −2x. Place the factors (2)(4) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x. the signs in the factor form for trinomials will be the same because only two like signs multiplied together will result in a positive. the result of multiplying the Inner and Outer terms of the trinomial factors will have to be positive. (x + 2)(x − 4) = x2 − 4x + 2x − 8 = x2 − 2x − 8 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. In order to add up to 5x. since the third term is −8. Now consider the second term in the trinomial. The factors of x2 are x and x. (x + 4)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 4x − 8 = x2 + 2x − 8 Almost correct! Change the position of the factors of the numerical term and check using FOIL. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term.

362. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. The factors of x2 are x and x. b2 − 100 = (b + 10)(b − 10) 2 − 10b + 10b − 100 = b2 − 100 Check using FOIL. (x + 3)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 3x − 6 = x2 + x − 6 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. You can use logical guesses to ﬁnd the correct combination of factors and signs. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +1x. (x + 3) (x − 6) = x2 − 6x + 3x − 18 = x2 − 3x − 18 210 Team-LRN . Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term that you need with the third term being a −6. b2 = (b)2 and 100 = 102. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of x2 are x and x. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (b + 10)(b − 10) = b 363. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). The factors (3)(4) would give terms that add up to 7. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a −3x. 364. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). This is not just luck. Since all signs are positive. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of x2 are x and x. So use (3)(6) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −18. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +7x.501 Algebra Questions 361. use positive signs in the factored form for the trinomial. (x + 3)(x + 4) = x2 + 3x + 4x + 12 = x2 + 7x + 12 The result is correct. Place the factors (2)(3) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL.

You want the result of the O and I products of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −4b. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −9b. (b + 3)(b − 7) = b2 − 7b + 3b − 21 = b2 − 4b − 21 367. Check the answer using FOIL. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). The factors of b2 are b and b. (b − 1)(b − 8) = b2 − 8b − 1b + 8 = b2 − 9b + 8 366.501 Algebra Questions 365. so let’s try two negative signs. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −21. Use FOIL to check the answer. The factors of a2 are a and a. and the factors of 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). How can you get 9 from adding the two of the factors of 8? Right! Use the (1)(8). This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The middle term has a negative sign. (a + 12)(a − 1) = a2 − 1a + 12a − 12 = a2 + 11a − 12 211 Team-LRN . The factors of b2 are b and b. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The signs within the parentheses of the factorization of the trinomial must be the same to result in a positive numerical term in the trinomial. use the factors 12 and 1 in the trinomial factors form. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. So let’s use (3) and (7) in the trinomial factors form because the difference between 3 and 7 is 4. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −12. Check using FOIL. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) or (2)(4). You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +11a. Since the signs in the factors must be one positive and one negative.

This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both are negative. The factors of x2 are x and x. The sign of the numerical term is positive. The factors of x2 are x and x. 36y2 = (6y2)2 and z2 = (z)2. (x + 9)(x + 11) = x2 + 9x + 11x + 99 = x2 + 20x + 99 371. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +20x. So let’s use (5)(5) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. (6y 370. So let’s use (9)(11) in the trinomial factors form because 9 + 11 = 20. (x + 5)(x + 5) = x2 + 5x + 5x + 25 = x2 + 10x + 25 369. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both be negative. The only factors of 32 that add up to 12 are 4 and 8. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +10x. and the factors of 25 are (1)(25) or (5)(5).501 Algebra Questions 368. Check using FOIL. and the factors of 99 are (1)(99) or (3)(33) or (9)(11). To get a positive 99 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. Check using FOIL. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (6y2 + z)(6y2 − z) 2 + z)(6y2 − z) = 36y4 − 6y2z + 6y2z − z2 = 36y4 − z2 Check using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x. To get a positive 25 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. (c − 4)(c − 8) = c2 − 8c − 4c + 32 = c2 − 12c + 32 212 Team-LRN . Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. and the factors of 32 are (1)(32) or (2)(16) or (4)(8).

so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. The factors of h2 are h and h. The factors of m2 are m and m. The sign of the numerical term is positive. (v2 + 3)(v2 − 16) = v4 − 16v2 + 3v2 − 48 = v4 − 13v − 48 You may notice that one of the two factors of the trinomial expression can itself be factored. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to −11m. (v + 4)(v − 4) = v2 − 4v + 4v − 16 = v2 − 16 This now makes the complete factorization of v4 − 13v2 − 48 = (v2 + 3)(v + 4)(v − 4) 213 Team-LRN . Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −48. (m − 2)(m − 9) = m2 − 9m − 2m + 18 = m2 − 11m + 18 374. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6).501 Algebra Questions 372. The only factors of 48 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 13 are 3 and 16. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The sign of the numerical term is positive. Check your answer using FOIL. Check your answer using FOIL. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. and the factors of 48 are (1)(48) or (2)(24) or (3)(16) or (4)(12) or (6)(8). so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. Check your answer. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. (h − 1)(h − 11) = h2 − 11h − 1h + 11 = h2 − 12h + 11 373. Use 3 and 16 and a positive and negative sign in the terms of the trinomial factors. The second term is the difference of two perfect squares. So use negative signs in the trinomial factors. Factor (v2 − 16) using the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares. Use them and two subtraction signs in the trinomial factor terms. and the factors of 11 are (1)(11). The factors of v4 are (v2)(v2). The only factors of 18 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 11 are 2 and 9.

Check your answer using FOIL. (x − 2)(x − 18) = x2 − 18x − 2x + 36 = x2 − 20x + 36 214 Team-LRN . The sign of the numerical term is positive. The only factors of 36 that add up to 20 are 2 and 18. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. The factors of x2 are x and x.501 Algebra Questions 375. and the factors of 36 are (1)(36) or (2)(18) or (4)(9) or (6)(6). The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. Use them and two negative signs in the trinomial factor form.

use the trinomial factor form (ax ± ( ))(bx ± ( )) where a · b = the coefﬁcient of the second-degree term. Always look to factor algebraic expressions using the greatest common factor method ﬁrst. Greatest common factor method. The three methods for factoring polynomial expressions are: 1. Then analyze the remaining expression to determine if other factoring methods can be used. List the factors of the numerical term of the trinomial and consider the choices of factors and signs that will result in the correct trinomial factorization.16 Using Factoring This chapter will present polynomial expressions for you to factor. the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms will often be whole numbers greater than 1. When presented with a polynomial with a coefﬁcient greater than 1 for the second-degree term. This will complicate the process of factoring by adding more possibilities to check. Trinomial method. Team-LRN . In this chapter. In some cases you will ﬁnd that you can factor using more than one of the three methods of factoring polynomials on the given expression. Difference of two perfect squares method. all the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms were 1. 3. In the previous chapter. 2.

8x2 − 6x − 9 216 Team-LRN . 6a2 − 13a − 15 384.501 Algebra Questions After choosing terms to try in the trinomial factors form. 2x2 + 7x + 6 377. 3x2 − 3x − 18 382. 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b 388. 16y2 − 36 386. 2a6 + a3 − 21 389. 6x2 + 15x − 36 387. Finally. place the factors into the trinomial factor form in all possible ways and use FOIL to check for the correct factorization. Factor the following expressions. Next. 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. ﬁrst determine the signs that will be used in the two factors. You will become better at factoring as you learn to look for the combinations of factors that will give you the required results for the ﬁrst-degree term. use FOIL to check your guesses for the trinomial factors. 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. Tips for Using Factoring When factoring a trinomial expression. 9x2 + 34x − 8 381. 6a2x − 39ax − 72x 390. 4a2 − 16a − 9 383. Be systematic in your attempts to be sure you try all possible choices. You will want to do a partial check by ﬁrst completing the O and the I part of FOIL to determine if you have the ﬁrst-degree term right. 6a2 − 5a − 6 385. 5x2 − 14x − 3 379. list the possible factors of the second-degree term. Then list the factors of the numerical term. 376.

4ax2 − 38ax − 66a 398. 4xy3 + 6xy2 − 10xy 397. 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 217 Team-LRN . 9x3 − 4x 393. 4x4 − 37x2 + 9 395. 3c2 + 19c − 40 399. 8r2 + 46r + 63 394.501 Algebra Questions 391. 5c2 − 4c − 1 392. 12d2 + 7d − 12 396. 2a2 + 17a − 84 400.

That way. ( ). the middle term of the trinomial. 4x + 3x = 7x.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. { }. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. or [ ]. (2x + (6))(x + (1)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(1) + (6)x = 2x + 6 x= 8x. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Check using FOIL. Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (2x)(2) = 4x and the product of the inner terms (3)(x) = 3x. First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 218 Team-LRN . 376. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(2) + (3)x = 4x + 3x = 7x. The numerical term 6 = (1)(6) = (2)(3). (2x + (1))(x + (6)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(6) + (1)x = 12x + x= 13x. You want to get 7x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The one that results in a ﬁrst-degree term of 7x is the factorization you want to fully check. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. You could make the following guesses for the factors of the original expression. (2x + (2))(x + (3)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(3) + (2)x = 6x + 2x = 8x. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). (2x + (1))(x + (6)) (2x + (6))(x + (1)) (2x + (2))(x + (3)) (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Now just consider the results of the Outer and Inner products of the terms for each guess. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.

Adding (−15x) + (+1x) = −14x. The factors check out. Multiplying. First—−(3x)(x) = 3x2 Outer—−(3x)(3) = 9x Inner—−(4)(x) = 4x Last—−(4)(3) = 12 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL 3x2 + 9x + 4x + 12 = 3x2 + 13x + 12 The factors check out. The factors of the numerical term 12 = (1)(12) = (2)(6) = (3)(4). Both signs in the trinomial are negative. 5x2 − 15x + 1x − 3 = 5x2 − 14x − 3 The factors check out. Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(3) = 9x and the product of the inner terms (4)(x) = 4x.501 Algebra Questions Outer—−(2x)(2) = 4x Inner—−(3)(x) = 3x Last—−(3)(2) = 6 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. The factors of the numerical term 3 = (1)(3). Then 9x + 4x = 13x. the results must add up to be −14x. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). Both signs in the trinomial are positive. the middle term of the trinomial. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 5x2 = (5x)(x). To get a negative sign for the numerical term. the signs in the factors must be + and -. and 1x(+1) = +1x. (3x + 4)(x + 3) Check using FOIL. 2x2 + 4x + 3x + 6 = 2x2 + 7x + 6 (2x + 3)(x + 2) = 2x2 + 7x + 6 377. When you multiply the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors. (3x + 4)(x + 3) = 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. (5x + (1))(x − (3)) Check using FOIL. (5x + 1)(x − 3) = 5x2 − 14x − 3 219 Team-LRN . 5x(−3) = −15x. You want to get 13x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. First—−(5x)(x) = 5x2 Outer—−(5x)(−3) = −15x Inner—−(1)(x) = x Last—−(1)(−3) = −3 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. Place those terms into the trinomial factor form.

(ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). The factors of the numerical term 2 = (1)(2). 220 Team-LRN . (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). 381. The factors of the numerical term 8 = (1)(8) or (2)(4). (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). That is the only way to get a negative sign by multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. Changing position of the signs would help but not with these factors because the term would be +71x. we get 9x2 − 72x + 1x − 8 = 9x2 − 71x − 8. The sign of the numerical term is negative. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. that doesn’t work. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. The sign of the numerical term is negative. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. Be persistent and learn from your mistakes. (3x + 2)(3x + 1) = 9x2 + 3x + 6x + 2 = 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. To get 9x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(1) = 3x Inner—−(2)(3x) = 6x Last—−(2)(1) = 1 The factors check out. (9x − 2)(x + 4) 2 + 36x − 2x − 8 = 9x2 + 34x − 8 Check using FOIL. You can factor out 3 and represent the trinomial as 3(x2 − x − 6). The factors of the numerical term 6 are (1)(6) or (2)(3). That tells you that the result of adding the products of the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors must result in a negative sum for the x term. (x + 2)(x − 3) Check using FOIL. Put the + with the 2 and the − with the 3. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. (3x + 2)(3x + 1) Check using FOIL. 9x There it is! And on only the second try. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. the middle term of the trinomial. The sign of the second term is negative. Then 3x + 6x = 9x. Let’s try putting in factors in the trinomial factor form and see what we get. place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(1) = 3x and the product of the inner terms (2)(3x) = 6x. You are looking for a positive x term in the middle of the expression.501 Algebra Questions 379. (9x + 1)(x − 8) Using FOIL to check. and don’t forget to include the factor 3 when you are done. No. Try different factors of 8. The three terms have a common factor of 3.

(6a + 5)(a − 3) Check using FOIL. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. First—−(6a)(a) = 6a2 Outer—−(6a)(−3) = −18a Inner—−(5)(a) = 5a Last—−(5)(−3) = −15 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (6a + 5)(a − 3) = 6a2 − 18a + 5a − 15 = 6a2 − 13a − 15. (x + 2)(x − 3) = x2 − 3x + 2x − 6 = x2 − x − 6 Include the common factor of 3 so that 3(x + 2)(x − 3) = 3 (x2 − x − 6) = 3x2 − 3x − 18. We can predict that 13 = 18 − 5. 221 Team-LRN . The factors of the numerical term 15 are (1)(15) or (3)(5). The factors check out. 382. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. The factors (6a)(3) = 18a. (2a + 1)(2a − 9) Check using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or (2a)(3a). The coefﬁcient of the ﬁrst-degree term is 2 less than 18. But we need the thirteen to be negative so arrange the 6a and the (3) so their product is −18a. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. The remaining factors (a)(5) = 5a. You can multiply 2a and (9) to get 18a leaving the factors 2a and (1) to get a 2a. 383. The factors of the numerical term 9 are (1)(9) or (3)(3). the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −.501 Algebra Questions First—−(x)(x) = x2 Outer—−(x)(−3) = −3x Inner—−(2)(x) = 2x Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 The factors check out. Use this information to place factors within the trinomial factor form. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 4a2 = (4a)(a) or 4a2 = (2a)(2a). First—−(2a)(2a) = 4a2 Outer—−(2a)(−9) = −18a Inner—−(1)(2a) = 2a Last—−(1)(−9) = −9 The result of multiplying the factors is (2a + 1)(2a − 9) = 4a2 − 18a + 2a − 9 = 4a2 − 16a − 9. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative.

The sign of the numerical term is negative. First—−(3a)(2a) = 6a2 Outer—−(3a)(−3) = −9a Inner—−(2)(a) = 2a Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (3a + 2)(2a − 3) = 6a2 − 9a + 4a − 6 = 6a2 − 5a − 6. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). Using the form for the difference of two perfect squares gives you the factors (4y + 6)(4y − 6). 385. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. The factors (2x)(4) = 8x and the remaining factors (x)(3) = 3x. First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 Outer—−(2x)(4) = 8x Inner—−(−3)(x) = −3x Last—−(−3)(4) = −12 The result of multiplying factors is 2x2 + 8x − 3x − 12 = 2x2 + 5x − 12. This will result in (2)(2)(2y + 3)(2y − 3) or 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3). So the term 3(2x2 + 5x − 12) will simplify the trinomial factoring. The ﬁrst factorization is equivalent to the second because you can factor out two from each of the factors. (3a + 2)(2a − 3) Check using FOIL. 4(4y2 − 9) = 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3).501 Algebra Questions 384. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. Now you need only factor the difference of two simpler perfect squares. Use those factors in the trinomial factor form. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. The factors of the numerical term 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). However. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 3. Didn’t that work out nicely? A sense of balance can be useful. When factoring polynomials. (2x − 3)(x + 4) Check using FOIL. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. watch for the greatest common factors ﬁrst. Now include the greatest common factor of 3 for the ﬁnal solution. It’s clear that 8x − 3x = 5x. The factors of the numerical term 6 are (6)(1) or (2)(3). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or 6a2 = (2a)(3a). The trinomial looks balanced with a 6 on each end and a 5 in the middle. 3(2x − 3)(x + 4) = 6x2 + 15x − 36 222 Team-LRN . This expression is the difference between two perfect squares. there is a greatest common factor that could be factored out ﬁrst to leave 4(4y2 − 9). Try a balanced factor arrangement. You need only factor the trinomial within the parentheses. 386.

The difference of 7 and 6 is 1. Now you factor like it was a trinomial expression. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and − because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. 388. Then the expression becomes 2(a3)2 + (a3) − 21. Now include the greatest common factor term. The factors of the trinomial are correct. Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the Outer and Inner (2c − 3)(c + 7) products when using FOIL to multiply are +14c and −3c. Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the ﬁrst degree term is 1(a3). First—−(2c)(c) = 2c2 Outer—−(2c)(7) = 14c Inner—−(−3)(c) = −3c Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2c2 + 14c − 3c − 21 = 2c2 + 11c − 21. This expression appears to be in the familiar trinomial form. but what’s 223 Team-LRN . The factors (a3)(7) = 7(a3) and the factors (2(a3))(3) = 6(a3). 2b(2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21 = 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b with those exponents? Think of a6 = (a3)2. Each term in the polynomial has a common factor of 2b. The resulting expression looks like this: 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21) The sign of the numerical term is negative. The sign of the numerical term is negative. Check using FOIL. The factors (2c)(7) = 14c and the associated factors (c)(3) = 3c. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The second-degree term 2(a3)2 = 2(a3)(a3).501 Algebra Questions 387. First—−(a3)(2a3) = 2a6 Outer—−(a3)(7) = 7a3 Inner—−(−3)(2a3) = −6a3 Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (a3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) = 2a6 + 7a3 − 6a3 − 21 = 2a6 + a3 − 21. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 2c2 = (2c)(c). 3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) (a Check using FOIL. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −.

3x(2a + 3)(a − 8) = 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24) = 6a2x − 39ax − 72x within the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign. (2x − 3)(4x + 3) Check using FOIL. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign so the signs within 224 Team-LRN . Now include the greatest common factor if 3x. So use the second-degree term factors (2x)(4x) and the numerical factors (3)(3). The factors of the numerical term 24 are (1)(24) or (2)(12) or (3)(8) or (4)(6). The greatest common factor of the terms in the trinomial expression is 3x. First—−(2x)(4x) = 8x2 Outer—−(2x)(3) = 6x Inner—−(−3)(4x) = −12x Last—−(−3)(3) = −9 The product of the factors (2x − 3)(4x + 3) = 8x2 + 6x − 12x − 9 = 8x2 − 6x − 9. Placing the numbers into the trinomial factor form is easy because there really are 390. Factoring 3x out results in the expression 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24). The difference between 12 and 6 is 6. (2a + 3)(a − 8) First—−(2a)(a) = 2a2 Outer—−(2a)(−8) = −16a Inner—−(3)(a) = 3a Last—−(3)(−8) = −24 The result is (2a + 3)(a − 8) = 2a2 − 16a + 3a − 24 = 2a2 − 13a − 24. Factor the trinomial expression inside the parentheses. The sign of the numerical term is negative. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The only factors of the second-degree term are (c)(5c). The numerical term of the trinomial 1 has factors of (1)(1). The numbers 2(3) = 6. The factors (2a)(8) = 16a. What combination will result in a −6x when the Outer and Inner products of the multiplication of the trinomial factors are added together? Consider just the coefﬁcients of x and the numerical term factors. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8x2 = (x)(8x) or 8x2 = (2x)(4x). The difference of 16 and 3 is 13. The numerical term of the trinomial 9 has factors of (1)(9) or (3)(3). the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. and the corresponding 4(3) = 12. Place these numbers in the trinomial factor form.501 Algebra Questions 389. and check the expression using FOIL. so the signs 391. and the related factors (a)(3) = 3a. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the term 2a2 = (2a)(a).

The terms of the expression have a greatest common factor of x. Try 2r (21) and 4r (3) = 54r. Include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. (2r + 7)(4r + 9) = 8r2 + 46r + 63 225 Team-LRN . 2r (7) + 4r (9) = 50r. so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be positive. the factorization of the difference of two perfect squares is (3x − 2)(3x + 2). (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8r2 = (r)(8r) or (2r)(4r). First—−(5c)(c) = 5c2 Outer—−(5c)(−1) = −5c Inner—−(1)(c) = c Last—−(1)(−1) = −1 The product of the factors (5c + 1)(c − 1) = 5c2 − 5c + c − 1 = 5c − 4c − 1. Just place the + and − signs in the right spot and you’ve got a solution. The numerical term 63 has the factors (1)(63) or (3)(21) or (7)(9). You need two sets of factors that when multiplied and added will result in a 46. Factoring x out of the expression results in x(9x2 − 4). 9x2 = (3x)2 4 = 22 Using the form. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(2) = 6x Inner—−(−2)(3x) = −6x Last—−(−2)(2) = −4 Include the greatest common factor x in the complete factorization. Factor that expression using the form for the difference of two perfect squares. 2r (1) + 4r (63) = 254r is too much. Check using FOIL to multiply terms. Bingo! (2r + 7)(4r + 9) Check using FOIL. (5c + 1)(c − 1) Check using FOIL. Check using FOIL. Let’s look at the possibilities using the 2r and 4r. Getting closer. 2r(3) + 4r (21) = 87r is still too much. 392. 8r2 + 18r + 28r + 63 = 8r2 + 46r + 63 The factors check out. The terms in the trinomial expression are all positive. x(3x − 2)(3x + 2) = x(9x2 − 4) = 9x3 − 4x 393. Now try 2r (9) + 4r (7) = 46r.501 Algebra Questions no choices. First—−(2r)(4r) = 8r2 Outer—−(2r)(9) = 18r Inner—−(4r)(7) = 28r Last—−(7)(9) = 63 Add the result of the multiplication. The expression inside the parentheses is the difference of two perfect squares. Nope.

Try changing the signs around. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) This expression has a nice balance to it with 12 at the extremities and a modest 7 in the middle. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) Multiply the factors using FOIL. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term is negative so you will use two − signs. The negative sign in front of the numerical term tells you that the signs of the trinomial factors will be + and −. so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be the same. the expression becomes 2xy(2y2 + 3y − 5).501 Algebra Questions 394. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) = 12d2 + 16d − 9d − 12 = 12d2 + 7d − 12 This is the correct factorization of the original expression. Those are the right terms but the wrong signs. When you think of x4 = (x2)2. When factored out. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) 226 Team-LRN . Use the factor form for the difference of two perfect squares for each factor of the trinomial. Let’s guess at some middle of the road factors to plug in. 1 x2 (1) =1 x2 and 36 x2 + 1x2 = 37x2. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) Check using FOIL and you will ﬁnd (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = 4x4 − 36x2 − x2 + 9 = 4x4 − 37x2 + 9. (4d + 3)(3d − 4) Using FOIL you ﬁnd (4d + 3)(3d − 4) = 12d2 − 16d + 9d − 12 = 12d2 − 7d − 12. (4x2 − 1) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1) (x2 − 9) = (x + 3)(x − 3) Put the factors together to complete the factorization of the original expression. Now you need to notice that the factors of the original trinomial expression are both factorable. you can see that the expression is a trinomial that is easy to factor. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1)(x + 3)(x − 3) 395. The numerical term 9 has (1)(9) or (3)(3) as factors. 396. Use these factors in the trinomial factor form. What combination will result in a total of 37 when the Outer and Inner products are determined? 4x2(9) = 36x2. The last sign is negative so the signs within the factor form will be a + and −. Use FOIL to check. (ax − ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 4x4 = (x2)(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). The numerical term is positive. Each term in the expression has a common factor of 2xy. Why? Because they are both the difference of two perfect squares.

The numerical term 33 has (1)(33) or (3)(11) as factors. The expression within the parentheses is a trinomial and can be factored. (2x + 3)(x − 11) Check using FOIL. Since 2a(11) = 22a. use those factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the multiplication of the Outer and Inner terms results in −19x. (2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33 = 2x2 − 19x − 33 The factorization of the trinomial factor is correct. The numerical term 40 has (1)(40) or (2)(20) or (4)(10) or (5)(8) as factors. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign.501 Algebra Questions The factors of the second-degree term are 2y2 = y(2y). Use those factors in the factor form in such a way that you get the result you seek. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +19c when the like terms are combined. Only a (+)(-) = (-). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 2a. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3c2 = c(3c). (3c − 5)(c + 8) = 3c2 + 24c − 5c − 40 = 3c2 + 19c − 40 The complete factorization of the original expression is (3c − 5)(c + 8). Now include the greatest common factor of the original expression to get the complete factorization of the original expression. Using trial and error. (2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5 = 2y2 + 3x − 5 The factors of the trinomial expression are correct. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the 227 Team-LRN . 2a(2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2a(2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33) = 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33) numerical term has a negative sign. and a(3) = 3a. 2xy(2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2xy(2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5) = 2xy(2y2 + 3x − 5) 397. the resulting expression is 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33). Now include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. The numerical term 5 has factors (5)(1). you can determine that 3c(8) = 24c. Place the factors of the second degree and the numerical terms so that the result of the Outer and Inner multiplication of terms within the factor form of a trinomial expression results in a +3x. and c(5) = 5c. 398. When factored out. and 22a − 3a = 19a. (2y + 5)( y − 1) Multiply using FOIL. and 24c − 5c = 19c.

you wouldn’t have done a complete factorization of the original trinomial expression. 400. and 24a − 7a = 17a. However. 228 Team-LRN . The numerical term 84 has (1)(84) or (2)(42) or (3)(28) or (4)(21) or (6)(14) or (7)(12) as factors. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). Place them in position so you get the result that you want. The numerical term 30 can be factored as (1)(30) or (2)(15) or (3)(10) or (5)(6). and a(7) = 7a. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. So a complete factorization would be 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3). The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. Use the factors 2a and a as the ﬁrst terms in the factor form and use (12) and (7) as the numerical terms. The trinomial you will be factoring looks like this: 4(x2)2 + 2(x2) − 30. The factors (4x2)(3) = 12x2 and x2(10) = 10x2 will give you 12x2 − 10x2 = 2x2 when you perform the Inner and Outer multiplications and combine like terms using FOIL with the terms in the trinomial factor form. Check using FOIL. Let’s see: 2(2x4 + x2 − 15) = 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3) = (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 It all comes out the same. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +17a when the like terms are combined. you can see that the expression is in the trinomial form. 2a(12) = 24a. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The term (4x2)2 can be factored as (4x2)2 = x2(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). Did you notice that you could have used the greatest common factor method to factor out a 2 from each term in the original polynomial? If you did. you would have had to factor the trinomial expression 2x4 + x2 − 15 and multiply the result by the factor 2 to equal the original expression. Use x2 where you usually put a ﬁrst-degree variable. (2a − 7)(a + 12) = 2a2 + 24a − 7a − 84 = 2a2 + 17a − 84 The complete factorization of the original expression is (2a − 7)(a + 12).501 Algebra Questions 399. the ﬁrst factor has a greatest common factor of 2. If you think of the variable as x2. This expression is in trinomial form. but if you left the factor of 2 in the term (4x2 − 10). The factors of the expression will be (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3. (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 12x2 − 10x2 − 30 = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 The expression (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) is the correct factorization of the original expression.

solutions for all the equations presented here can be found by factoring. the difference of two perfect squares method. let each factor equal zero and solve for the variable. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). you practiced factoring polynomials by using the greatest common factor method.Solving Quadratic Equations This chapter will give you practice in ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. There will be two solutions for each quadratic equation. (Ignore numerical factors such as the 3 in the factored equation 3(x + 1)(x + 1) = 0 when ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. Use these methods to factor the equations that have been transformed into quadratic equations.) 17 Team-LRN . using the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. and the trinomial factor method. Quadratic equations are those equations that can be written in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. where a ≠ 0. The solutions will be the same for equations with or without the numerical factors. Then. While there are several methods for solving quadratic equations. In the previous chapter.

3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 412. 4x2 + 4x = 15 416. 2n2 + 20n + 42 = 0 409. 100r2 = 196 411. 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 422. 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 410. 8y2 + 56y + 96 = 0 414.501 Algebra Questions Find the solutions to the following quadratic equations. 12r2 = 192 − 40r 425. 7x2 = 52x − 21 423. 36z2 + 78z = −36 424. n2 − 121 = 0 403. 24x2 = 3(43x − 15) 230 Team-LRN . 2x2 + x = 10 415. 8b2 + 10b = 42 419. 401. 14n2 = 7n + 21 420. y2 − 15y + 56 = 0 405. 4x2 = 81 407. 9x2 + 12x = −4 417. 6b2 + 20b = −9b − 20 421. x2 − 25 = 0 402. 3x2 = 19x − 20 418. b2 + b − 90 = 0 406. a2 + 12a + 32 = 0 404. 25r2 = 144 408. 7a2 − 21a − 70 = 0 413.

then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Regardless of what symbol is used. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal zero. (n + 11)(n − 11) = 0 (n + 11) = 0 n + 11 − 11 = 0 − 11 n = −11 n − 11 = 0 n − 11 + 11 = 0 + 11 n = 11 231 Team-LRN . Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. Add 5 to both sides of the equation. The solutions for the equation are x = 5 and x = −5. 402.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. { }. Combine like terms on each side. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The solutions for the equation are n = 11 and n = −11. 401. The expression is the difference of two perfect (x + 5)(x − 5) = 0 (x + 5) = 0 x+5−5=0−5 x = −5 x−5=0 x−5+5=0+5 x=5 squares. Let the second factor equal zero. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. or [ ]. Add 11 to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. Let the second factor = 0. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Subtract 11 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The solutions are underlined. ( ). then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0).

a=−8 2 + 12a + 32 = 0 are a = − 4 The solutions for the quadratic equation a and a = − 8. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (b + 10) = 0 b + 10 − 10 = 0 − 10 Combine like terms on each side. 404. b−9+9=0+9 Combine like terms on each side. a=−4 Let the second factor equal zero. (a + 8) = 0 Subtract 8 from both sides. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). subtract 4 from both sides. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Using the zero product property. a+8−8=0−8 Combine like terms on each side. y=7 2 − 15y + 56 = 0 are y = 8 and y = 7. subtract 10 from both sides. y−8+8=0+8 Combine like terms on each side. The solutions for the equation y factor form. 232 4x2 − 81 = 81 − 81 4x2 − 81 = 0 (2x + 9)(2x − 9) = 0 (2x + 9) = 0 2x + 9 − 9 = 0 − 9 2x = −9 −9 2x 2 = 2 Team-LRN . Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. ( y − 7) = 0 Add 7 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (a + 4) = 0 a+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. (b − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides. b=9 The solutions for the quadratic equation b2 + b − 90 = 0 are b = −10 and b = 9. Combine like terms on each side. y=8 Let the second factor equal zero. ( y − 8) = 0 Add 8 to both sides. (b + 10)(b − 9) = 0 405. y−7+7=0+7 Combine like terms on each side. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. Divide both sides by 2. Combine like terms on each side. (a + 4)(a + 8) = 0 factor form. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Using the zero product property. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. ( y − 8)(y − 7) = 0 Using the zero product property. b = −10 Let the second factor equal zero. Subtract 81 from both sides. 406.501 Algebra Questions 403.

then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Divide both sides by 5. 233 Team-LRN . Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 2 = 2 Simplify terms. n = −3 Let the second factor equal zero. 2x = 9 1 Divide both sides by 2. 407. n = −7 2 + 20n + 42 = 0 are n = −3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2n and n = −7. subtract 6 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. x = 42 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x2 = 81 are x = −4 2 and x = 4 2 . Combine like terms on each side. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. Simplify. Add 12 to both sides of the equation. (5r + 12) = 0 5r + 12 − 12 = 0 − 12 5r = −12 5r 5 = −12 5 r= 5 (5r − 12) = 0 5r − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 5r = 12 5r 5 −2 2 = r= 12 5 2 25 2 The solution for the quadratic equation 25r2 = 144 is r = ± 2 5 . Let the second factor = 0. (2x − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides of the equation. Subtract 144 from both sides.501 Algebra Questions Simplify. 25r2 − 144 = 144 − 144 25r2 − 144 = 0 (5r + 12)(5r − 12) = 0. (2n + 6)(n + 7) = 0 (2n + 6) = 0 2n + 6 − 6 = 0 − 6 2n = −6 2n −6 Divide both sides by 2. (n + 7) = 0 Subtract 7 from both sides. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Using the zero product property. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. x = −4 2 Let the second factor = 0. 2x − 9 + 9 = 0 + 9 Combine like terms on both sides. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. n+7−7=0−7 Combine like terms on each side. 408. Transform the equation so that all terms are 1 1 on one side and are equal to zero. Divide both sides by 5.

Divide both sides by 10. Add 14 to both sides of the equation. add 13 to both sides. Use the greatest common factor method. Subtract 196 from both sides. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. 410. the solution for the quadratic equation 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 is x = 6.501 Algebra Questions 409. r= 2 = 196 is r = ±1 2 . (10r + 14) = 0 10r + 14 − 14 = 0 − 14 10r = −14 10r 10 r= (10r − 14) = 0 10r − 14 + 14 = 0 + 14 10r = 14 10r 10 14 10 2 15 10 −1 2 5 = −14 = −7 5 = = 7 5 Simplify terms. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. c = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 are c = 13 and c = −2. 3(x − 6)(x − 6) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation. add 6 to both sides. (c + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. c+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. c = 13 Let the second factor equal zero. The solution for the quadratic equation 100r 5 411. Use the greatest common factor method. 3(c − 13)(c + 2) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. 3(x2 − 12x + 36) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Using the zero product property. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). (c − 13) = 0 c − 13 + 13 = 0 + 13 Combine like terms on each side. Let the second factor = 0. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. (x − 6) = 0 x−6+6=0+6 Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side. 100r2 − 196 = 196 − 196 100r2 − 196 = 0 (10r + 14)(10r − 14) = 0. 234 Team-LRN . x=6 Since both factors of the trinomial expression are the same. Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 10. 3(c2 − 11c − 26) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Using the zero product property. Combine like terms on each side.

equation form. subtract 5 from both sides. (a + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. x=2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2x2 + x = 10 are x = −2 2 and x = 2. x−2+2=0+2 Simplify. y+3−3=0−3 Simplify. a = −2 2 − 21a − 70 = 0 are a = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7a and a = 5. x−2=0 Add 2 to both sides. Combine like terms on each side. a+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. 7(a2 − 3a − 10) = 0 7(a − 5)(a + 2) = 0 (a − 5) = 0 a−5+5=0+5 Combine like terms on each side. Using the zero product property. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Use the greatest common factor method. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. −2 1 235 Team-LRN . ( y + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. Use the greatest common factor method. 414. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. Using the zero product property.501 Algebra Questions 412. subtract 4 from both sides. a=5 Let the second factor equal zero. Ignore the factor 8 in the expression. Using the zero product property. x= 2 Let the second term equal 0. add 5 to both sides. Divide both sides by 2. y = −3 2 + 56y + 96 = 0 are y = −4 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8y and y = −3. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 8( y2 + 7y + 12) = 0 8( y + 4)( y + 3) = 0 ( y + 4) = 0 y+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. 413. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 2x2 + x − 10 = 10 − 10 2x2 + x − 10 = 0 (2x + 5)(x − 2) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 Simplify terms. y = −4 Let the second factor equal zero.

−2 3 236 Team-LRN . Simplify. Let the second factor equal 0. Using the zero product property. x= 3 Since both factors of the trinomial are the same. Divide both sides by 2. Transform the equation into the familiar 1 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. subtract 2 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. subtract 5 from both sides. Divide both sides by 3. Simplify. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. Using the zero product property. Simplify terms. x= 2 + 4x = 15 are x = −2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x 2 and x = 1 2 . 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 15 − 15 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 0 (2x − 3)(2x + 5) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 x= 2 (2x − 3) = 0 2x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2x = 3 2x 2 −2 1 = Simplify terms. 9x2 + 12x + 4 = −4 + 4 9x2 + 12x + 4 = 0 (3x + 2)(3x + 2) = 0 (3x + 2) = 0 3x + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3x = −2 3x 3 = −2 Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 2. Combine like terms on each side. the solution to the quadratic equation 9x2 + 12x = −4 is x = −2 3.501 Algebra Questions 415. Simplify. 416. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Add 4 to both sides of the equation. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Add 3 to both sides.

8b2 + 10b − 42 = 42 − 42 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 0 2(4b2 + 5b − 21) = 0 2(4b − 7)(b + 3) = 0 (4b − 7) = 0 4b − 7 + 7 = 0 + 7 4b = 7 4b 4 = Simplify terms. 7 4 3 14 237 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 4. 3x2 − 19x = 19x − 19x − 20 3x2 − 19x = −20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = −20 + 20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = 0 (3x − 4)(x − 5) = 0 (3x − 4) = 0 3x − 4 + 4 = 0 + 4 3x = 4 3x 3 = Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side. Ignore the factor 2 in the expression. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. x= Now let the second term equal zero. (b + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. b = −3 2 + 10b = 42 are b = 1 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8b 4 and b = −3. Simplify. x−5+5=0+5 Simplify. Subtract 19x from both sides. Add 20 to both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Using the zero product property.501 Algebra Questions 417. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Use the greatest common factor method to factor out 2. add 4 to both sides. Divide both sides by 3. Subtract 42 from both sides of the equation. add 7 to both sides. Using the zero product property. Transform the equation into the familiar 4 3 1 13 trinomial equation form. Combine like terms. Simplify. x=5 2 = 19x − 20 are x = 1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3x 3 and x = 5. Simplify. b= Now let the second term equal zero. 418. b+3−3=0−3 Simplify.

b = −4 2 + 20b = −9b − 20 are The solutions for the quadratic equation 6b b= −5 −5 6 6 and b = −4. Simplify. b+4=0 Subtract 4 from both sides. add 3 to both sides. 238 Team-LRN . b+4−4=0−4 Simplify. n= Now set the second equal to zero. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Using the zero product property. Subtract 7n from both sides of the equation. Add 9b to both sides of the equation. Simplify. Simplify and add 20 to both sides of the equation. b= 6 Now set the second factor equal to zero. 420. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. 6b2 + 20b + 9b = −9b + 9b − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 20 − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 0 (6b + 5)(b + 4) = 0 (6b + 5) = 0 6b + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 6b = −5 6b 6 = −5 Simplify terms. Using the zero product property. n = −1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 14n2 = 7n + 21 are n = 1 2 and n = −1. 14n2 − 7n = 7n − 7n + 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 21 − 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 0 7(2n2 − n − 3) = 0 7(2n − 3)(n + 1) = 0 (2n − 3) = 0 2n − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2n = 3 2n 2 = Simplify terms. Simplify. Divide both sides by 2. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. n+1=0 Subtract 1 from both sides. subtract 5 from both sides.501 Algebra Questions 419. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. n+1−1=0−1 Simplify. Divide both sides by 6. Transform the equation into the familiar 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. Simplify the equation. Simplify and subtract 21 from both sides.

501 Algebra Questions 421. Using the zero product property. 7x2 − 52x = 52x − 52x − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 21 − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 0 (7x − 3)(x − 7) = 0 (7x − 3) = 0 7x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 7x = 3 7x 7 = 3 3 7 Simplify terms. Simplify. x=7 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7x2 = 52x − 21 are x = 7 and x = 7. Simplify. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. x=6 The solutions for the quadratic equation 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 are x= −4 3 −4 3 and x = 6. subtract 4 from both sides. add 3 to both sides. x= 7 Now set the second factor equal to zero. x−6+6=0+6 Simplify. x−7+7=0+7 Simplify. x−7=0 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. 422. Using the zero product property. Subtract 52x from both sides of the equation. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. 239 Team-LRN . x= 3 Add 6 to both sides. Simplify and add 21 to both sides of the equation. Now factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 5(3x2 − 14x − 24) = 0 5(3x + 4)(x − 6) = 0 (3x + 4) = 0 3x + 4 − 4 = 0 − 4 3x = −4 3x 3 = −4 Simplify terms. Simplify. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Divide both sides by 3. Divide both sides by 7.

Simplify terms. The solutions for the quadratic equation and z = −2 36z2 + 78z + 36 = −36 + 36 36z2 + 78z + 36 = 0 6(6z2 + 13z + 6) = 0 6(2z + 3)(3z + 2) = 0 (2z + 3) = 0 2z + 3 − 3 = 0 − 3 2z = −3 2z 2 = −3 2 z= 2 (3z + 2) = 0 3z + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3z = −2 3z 3 −1 1 = −2 z= 36z2 −2 3 1 3 + 78z = −36 are z = −1 2 3 . Subtract 3 from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. 4(r + 6)(3r − 8) = 0 Ignoring the numerical factor. 240 2 8 3 2 23 Team-LRN . Divide both sides by 2. Simplify terms. 3r − 8 + 8 = 0 + 8 Simplify. 3r − 8 = 0 Add 8 to both sides. r+6−6=0−6 Simplify. 4. r = −6 Now set the second factor = 0. Ignore the numerical factor and set the ﬁrst factor equal to zero. 3r = 8 Divide both sides by 3.501 Algebra Questions 423. Subtract 2 from both sides. set one factor = 0. Simplify terms. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 192 − 40r + 40r − 192 Combine like terms. Add 36 to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 3. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 0 Factor the greatest common factor. 4(3r2 + 10r − 48) = 0 Now factor the trinomial expression. (r + 6) = 0 Subtract 6 from both sides. out of each term. Combine like terms. Factor the trinomial expression into two factors. Add (40r − 192) to both sides of the equation. Now let the second factor equal zero. 3r 3 = Simplify terms. r= The solutions for the quadratic equation 12r2 = 192 − 40r are r = −6 and r = 2 3 . Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Factor out the greatest common factor from each term. Simplify terms. 424.

x= 8 Now let the second factor = 0. Use the commutative property to move terms. = 3 8x2 = 43x − 15 24x2 3 3(43x − 15) 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 43x − 15 + 15 − 43x 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 0 8x2 − 43x + 15 = 0 (8x − 3)(x − 5) = 0 8x − 3 = 0 8x 8 = 3 3 8 Simplify terms. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. add 3 to both sides and divide by 8. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Add (15 − 43x) to both sides of the equation. Using the zero product property.501 Algebra Questions 425. Factor the trinomial expression. Combine like terms. x=5 The solutions for the quadratic equation 24x2 = 3 (43x − 15) are x= 3 8 and x = 5. Simplify terms. 241 Team-LRN .

Nor do all trinomials with whole numbers have whole numbers for solutions. you to ﬁnd the negative root. The most thorough method for factoring is to do a prime factorization of the radicand. Team-LRN . tells you to ﬁnd the root of a number. It is understood in mathematics that or + is telling you to ﬁnd the positive root. one positive and one negative. a number has two roots. The number The radical sign under the radical sign is called the radicand. Then you look for square roots that can be factored out of the radicand. You will not always be able to factor polynomials by factoring whole numbers and whole number coefﬁcients. Generally.Simplifying Radicals This chapter will give you practice in operating with radicals. The symbol − tells asks for both roots. The symbol ± 18 Tips for Simplifying Radicals Simplify radicals by completely factoring the radicand and taking out the square root. In the last chapters. you will need to know how to operate with radicals.

426. 427. 3 3 + 2 3 = 5 3 or 5 x − 2 x=3 x Product property of radicals When multiplying radicals. If you get rid of the denominator within the radical sign. and then divide the radicands. radicals can be added and subtracted as if the radicals were variables. Then you can simplify their roots out of the radical sign.501 Algebra Questions e.. or 28 = 4x3 = 2·2·7= 2·2· 7=2 7 x·x· x = 2x x 2·2·x·x·x= 2·2· You may also recognize perfect squares within the radicand.. This is known as rationalizing the denominator.g. e.. 6√10 3√2 = 6 3 10 2 =2 5 Simplify the following radical expressions. 4 3·7 5=4·7 3 · 5 = 28 15 Quotient property of radicals When dividing radicals. e. you will no longer have a fractional radicand. multiply the terms in front of the radicals.g.g.. you can rationalize the expression as follows: 3 √6 = 3 √6 · √6 √6 = 3√6 6 = 1 2 6 If the radicands are the same. e.g. e. 2x 5 = 2x 5 · 5 5 = 10x 52 = 1 52 · 10x = 1 5 10x When there is a radical in the denominator. It is improper form for the radicand to be a fraction. 12 300 3n2 24x5 243 Team-LRN . 429. ﬁrst divide the terms in front of the radicals. then multiply the radicands and put that result under the radical sign.g. 428.

3+7 3+2 5 7−3 28 b) a2b)(3a 5 · 3 15 16 9 56 4 · 32 √160 √2 √150 √3 8 443. 2 439. 24 · 6 6√126 √18 244 Team-LRN . −2√98 √2 √27 √72 −4 3· · 10 3 27 4 3 √15 · √105 −3 449. 5 64 444. 50a2b 5 4 3 √7 √12xy √x 435. (9 438. 448. 432. 434. 445. 446. 431. 433. 2 437. 442. 3 436.501 Algebra Questions 3x2 4 430. 447. 441. 440. 3 450.

Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 3 · 10 · 10 = 10 3 3n2 = 3·n·n 3 Now take out the square root. First. 2·2·3=2 3 300 = 3 · 10 · 10 Now take out the square root. First. factor the radicand and 3·n·n=n 24x5 = look for squares. Underlined expressions show simpliﬁed result. factor the radicand. First. 50a2b = 2·5·5·a·a·b 2b 2 · 5 · 5 · a · a · b = 5a 245 Team-LRN . 429. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Now take out the square root. 427. factor the radicand. 426. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. { }. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. you can still begin by factoring the terms in the radical sign. or [ ]. 3x2 4 = 3·x·x 2·2 = 3· = 1 x 2 x·x 2·2 Factoring out the squares leaves This result can be written a few different ways. First. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. factor the radicand. First. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 3= = √3 2x = 2x 3 squares. 6·2·2·x·x·x·x·x 6x = 2x2 6x 6 · 2 · 2 · x · x · x · x · x = 2x · x 430. factor the radicand and look for x 2 √3x 2 3· x·x 2·2 3. Take out the square roots. 12 = 2·2·3 Now take out the square root of any pair of factors or any perfect squares you recognize. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 428. ( ). 431. Regardless of what symbol is used. Although it looks complex. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ).

In this case. you must rationalize the 5 4 = √5 √4 = √5 √2 · 2 = √5 2 denominator. add the “like terms’’ as if √12xy √x = √12xy √x · √x √x √12xy √x · √x √x = √12xyx x √12xyx x = √3 · 4x2y x √3 · 4x2y x = 2 2x√3y x 3y. Now simplify the radicand. multiply the expression by 1 in a form suitable for this purpose. Use the quotient property of radicals and rationalize the denominator. a square root times itself is the radicand by itself. Factoring out the square roots results in The x in the numerator and the denominator divides out. a2b)(3a b) = 9 · 3a a2b · b = 27a 2 a2b2 = 27a · ab = 27a2b 5 · 3 15 = 2 · 3 5 · 15 438. Now factor the radicand. Then see if it can be simpliﬁed any further. use the product property of radicals and combine the factors in the radicand and outside the radical signs. 434. 2 2 7 − 3 28 = 2 7 − 3 4 · 7 7−3 4·7=2 7−3·2 7 2 7 − 6 7 = −4 7 437. For this expression. Finally. For this expression. Use the product property of radicals to combine the radicands in the numerator. As in the previous problem.501 Algebra Questions 432. Simplify the second term of the expression by factoring the radicand. combine like terms. Use the product property of radicals to simplify 246 Team-LRN . Use the identity property of multiplication and multiply the expression by 1 in a form useful for your purposes. that is to get the radical out of the denominator. First. 436. In this expression. leaving 435. In the denominator. 433. the similar radicals were similar variables. rationalize the denominator for this 3 √7 = 3 √7 · √7 √7 = 3√7 7 expression. 3 3 + 7 3 + 2 5 = 10 3 + 2 5 The radical terms cannot be added further because the radicands are different. (9 the expression.

You could proceed in the same way as the previous √160 √2 = √4 · 4 · 2 · 5 √2 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · √5 √2 4√2 · √5 √2 =4 5 solution. but let’s try another way. 6 5 · 15 = 6 75 = 6 25 · 3 = 6 · 5 Or if you just factor the radicand. Now simplify the radicand by factoring so that any perfect squares will come out of the radical sign. numerator and look for perfect squares. You can start by using the product property 16 9 16 9 3 = 30 3 3 = 30 3 16 9 √16 √9 to simplify the expression. and you are left with 441. Simplify the fraction and factor the radicand of the second radical term. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and the denominator. The common factor in both the numerator and denominator divides out. √150 √3 · √3 √3 = √150 · √3 √3 · √3 = √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 = = √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 Simplify the numerator. √16 √9 · 32 = 32 = · · 32 32 · · 32 = 4 3 16 · 2 = 4 3 ·4 2= 56 4 √56 √4 16√2 3 √56 2 440. Use the product property to simplify the numerator. For this term. Rationalize the denominator. 6 5 · 15 = 6 5 · 5 · 3 = 6 · 5 439. 442. √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 5 · 3√2 3 = 5 · 3√2 3 =5 2 247 Team-LRN . Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator and you’re done. Factor the radicand seeking perfect squares. you will see the perfect square as 5 times 5. You can multiply and then factor or just factor ﬁrst. You should recognize the perfect squares 9 and 16. Now use the quotient property to simplify the ﬁrst radical.501 Algebra Questions Now look for a perfect square in the radicand. factor the radicand in the = = √56 2 = √4 · 14 2 = 2√14 2 14. Use the quotient property to get the denominator out of the radicand. Use the product property in the numerator.

Then factor the radicand looking for perfect −2√98 · 2 squares.501 Algebra Questions 443. Factor 2 out of the numerator and denominator. 2 √2 · √2 Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator. put all terms 3·3 3 3· 3 3 · 3 3 = −4 · 3 · ·3· 3· 3 = −12 · 3 = −36 4 3 in one radical sign. 447. Now rationalize the denominator. or it could be written as · 10 3 4 · 10 3·3 = = 4 · 10 3·3 √4 · 10 √9 √4 · 10 √9 = 2 3 2√10 3 10. simplify the numerator and write the product of the −2√98 · √2 −2√98 · 2 = term in the denominator. √2 −2√98 · √2 but ﬁrst factor the radicands and look for perfect squares. Simplify the numerator. You can simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator by a factor of 3. Now simplify terms. √2 Using the product property. Begin simplifying this term by rationalizing the −2√98 5 8 64 √8 = 5 √64 5√4 · 2 8 5 · 2√2 8 √8 5 √64 = 5√4 · 2 8 = 5 · 2√2 8 = 5√2 4 · √2 = √2 · √2 denominator. Now use the quotient property to continue simplifying. Factor the radicand in the last radical. The 5 becomes part of the numerator. 248 Team-LRN . The expression is ﬁne the way it is. −4 −4 −4 −4 √27 √72 = √9 · 3 √36 · 2 3√3 6√2 = = 3√3 6√2 √3 2√2 √3 2√2 · √2 √2 = √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 √6 4 √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 = √3 · 2 2·2 = 3· 3· 27 = −4 9 · 3 = −4 3· 9·3 Simplify the perfect square. Simplify the perfect squares in the numerator and denominator. 444. Using the product property. Simplify terms by using the product property in the numerator and multiplying terms in the denominator. Factor the numerator and simplify the perfect square in the denominator. You use the quotient property to begin rationalizing the denominator. You will have to rationalize the denominator. Use the commutative property of multiplication. 446. = − 49 · 2 · 2 = −7 · 2 = −14 2 445.

3 24 · 6 = 3 4 · 6 · 6 = 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 Simplify the radical. Now simplify the whole numbers. Why? Because you will then have the product of two identical radicals. 18 18 Simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator. 450.501 Algebra Questions 448. There is more than one way to simplify √15 · √105 −3 = √15 · √15 · 7 −3 √15 · √15 · 7 −3 = √15 · √15 · √7 −3 15√7 −3 = 15√7 −3 = −5 7 an expression. Another way is to multiply 6 and 24 to get 144. 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 = 3 · 2 · 6 = 36 Use the product property to simplify the 6√126 · √18 6√126 · 18 = numerator. 18 3 3 Simplify the numerator and divide out common factors in the √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 9 · 2√7 18√7 numerator and denominator. Begin by factoring the radicand of the second radical. = 3 = 3 =6 7 3 6√126 √18 · √18 √18 = 6√126 · √18 18 249 Team-LRN . 3 24 · 6 = 3 24 · 6 Now factor the terms in the radicand and look for perfect squares. another perfect square. Then 3 times 12 equals 36. Now use the product property to separate the factors of the second radical term into two radical terms. Then factor the radicand 6√126 · 18 √9 · 7 · 2 · 2 · 9 √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 = = and look for perfect squares. 449. Start this one by using the product property to combine the radicands. Begin by rationalizing the denominator.

19 Tips for Solving Radical Equations ■ ■ ■ Squaring both sides of an equation is a valuable tool when solving radical equations. then a2 = b2.g. When one of the solutions does not work.Solving Radical Equations This chapter will give you more practice operating with radicals. it is called an extraneous solution. When neither solution works in the original equation. When you use a radical to solve an equation. if a = b. Team-LRN . there is said to be no solution. e. the focus here is to use radicals to solve equations. Squaring a radical results in the radical symbol disappearing. Isolate the radical on one side of an equation before using the squaring property. An equation is considered a radical equation when the radicand contains a variable. You should always check your results in the original equation to see that both solutions work.. ( x + 5)2 = x + 5. Use the following property: When a and b are algebraic expressions. However. you must be aware of the positive and negative roots.

3 463. 451. x = 473. 454. 474. Solve the following radical equations. x = 472. 459. 466. 457. x2 = 64 452. 2 455. 28 √5x + 1 469. use the radical sign on both sides of the equation to ﬁnd a solution for the variable. 3 468. 3 = 10 − 465. 458. x = 470. Watch for extraneous solutions. 461. 456. 4x + 3 = 2x 2 − 2x = x 3 2x 475. 460. x = 471. 3 n = 13 a = 24 2x − 4 = 4 4x + 6 = 6 3x + 4 + 8 = 12 5x − 4 + 3 = 12 4x + 9 = −13 5x − 6 + 3 = 11 9 − x + 14 = 25 3x + 1 = 15 −x + 7 = 22 100x − 1 25x + 39 464.501 Algebra Questions ■ For second degree equations. Check your answers. x2 = 135 453. 462. x = + 10 251 Team-LRN . −7 3x + 46 + 24 = 38 = 10 − 13x + 43 − 4 = 29 =7 8 − 2x 2x + 3 x + 12 7x − 10 7 467.

453. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. x2 = 135 x = 135 = 9 · 15 = ±3 15 (3 15)2 = 135 32( 15)2 = 135 9(15) = 135 135 = 135 (−3 15)2 = 135 (−3)2( 15)2 = 135 (9)(15) = 135 135 = 135 ( n)2 = 132 n = 169 169 = 13 Check the second solution in the original equation. 452. check out. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. x = ±8. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. square both sides of the equation. { }. Use the radical sign on both sides of the x2 = 64 x = ±8 (8)2 = 64 64 = 64 (−8)2 = 64 64 = 64 equation. or [ ]. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Check the second solution in the original equation. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. ( ). First. Show both solutions for the square root of 64.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 451. only the positive root n = 13 is to be 252 Team-LRN . check out. Both solutions. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. Check by substituting in the original equation. x = ±3 15. Regardless of what symbol is used. The original equation asks for only the positive root of n. Use the radical sign on both sides of the equation. Both solutions. Simplify both terms. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Simplify the radical. The solution is underlined. So when you substitute 169 into the original equation.

Divide both sides by 2. Square both sides of the equation. The solution a = 144 checks out. Check the solution in the original equation. Simplify terms. 454. Simplify terms.5) + 6 = 6 36 = 6 6=6 3x + 4 = 4 ( 3x + 4)2 = 42 3x + 4 = 16 x=4 3(4) + 4 + 8 = 12 16 + 8 = 12 4 + 8 = 12 12 = 12 radical. Simplify terms. this will become important. The solution x = 7. Check the solution in the original equation. 456. Simplify terms. Now square both sides of the equation. Begin by adding 4 to both sides to isolate the radical. Check your solution in the original equation. 253 Team-LRN . Square both sides of the equation. Subtract 6 from both sides of the equation. Isolate the radical on one side of the equation. The solution x = 32 checks out. Although this may seem trivial at this point.5 4(7.501 Algebra Questions considered. 455. The solution x = 4 checks out. Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by 4 and simplify. 457. Subtract 8 from both sides in order to isolate the = 7. as the radical equations become more complex. Square both sides of the equation. 4 = 4 ( 4x + 6)2 = 62 4x + 6 = 36 4x = 30 x= 30 4 Combine like terms on each side. 2√a 2 = 24 2 a = 12 ( a)2 = 122 a = 144 2 144 = 24 2(12) = 24 24 = 24 2x − 4 + 4 = 4 + 4 2x = 8 ( 2x)2 = 82 2x = 64 x = 32 2(32) − 4 = 4 64 − 4 = 4 8 − 4 = 4. Check the solution in the original equation. 13 = 13 checks out. Simplify terms. Simplify terms.5 checks out. Subtract 4 from both sides and divide by 3.

The solution x = 17 checks out. Simplify terms under the radical sign. 459. Add 6 to both sides and divide the result by 5. Add 14 and the solution x = −112 checks. Simplify. Subtract 9 from both sides and then divide by 4. The solution does not check out. There is no solution for this equation. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify terms on both sides. Find the positive square root of 64 and add 3. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation isolating the radical. Substitute the solution in the original equation. Subtract 14 from both sides to isolate the radical. 254 Team-LRN . 5x − 6 = 8 ( 5x − 6)2 = 8 2 5x − 6 = 64 x = 14 5(14) − 6 + 3 = 11 64 + 3 = 11 8 + 3 = 11 11 = 11 9 − x = 11 9 − x = 121 −x = 112 x = −112 9 − (−112) + 14 = 25 121 + 14 = 25 25 = 25 Now square both sides of the equation. The solution x = 14 checks out.501 Algebra Questions 458. Multiply both sides by negative 1 to solve for x. Simplify terms. 460. 461. The square root of 121 is 11. Check the solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Check your solution in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. Subtract 9 from both sides. Add 4 to both sides and then divide by 5. The radical sign calls for the positive square root. Find the positive square root of 81. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Subtract 3 from both sides isolating the radical. 5x − 4 = 9 ( 5x − 4)2 = 92 5x − 4 = 81 x= 85 5 = 17 5(17) − 4 + 3 = 12 81 + 3 = 12 9 + 3 = 12 12 = 12 ( 4x + 9)2 = (−13)2 4x + 9 = 169 x = 40 4(40 + 9) = −13 169 = −13 13 ≠ −13 Simplify terms on both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical.

255 Team-LRN . Simplify terms under the radical. 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 − Combine like terms and simplify the equation. Now subtract 3 from both sides. Square both sides of the equation. divide both sides by 3. Multiply 3 by the positive root of 25. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify terms. 464. Subtract 1 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. The solution x = 8 checks out.5) − 1 49 465. Use the positive square root of 25. Subtract 46 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. Check the solution in the original equation. Subtract 7 from both sides of the equation.5 checks out. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Subtract 24 from both sides to isolate the radical. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. The solution x = −25 checks out. 100x − 1 + 100x − 1 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 100x − 1 = 7 100x − 1 = 49 x = 0. The solution x = 50 checks out. Check the solution in the original equation.501 Algebra Questions 462. Square both sides of the equation. Multiply both sides by negative 1.5 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 7 3=3 3x + 46 = 14 3x + 46 = 196 x = 50 3(50) + 46 + 24 = 38 196 + 24 = 38 14 + 24 = 38 38 = 38 100(0. Check the solution in the original equation. 463. Simplify terms. The solution x = 0. 3x + 1 = 5 ( 3x + 1)2 = 52 3x + 1 = 25 x=8 3 3(8) + 1 = 15 3 25 = 15 3(5) = 15 15 = 15 = 15 =5 −x)2 = 52 ( −x = 25 x = −25 3 −(−25) + 7 = 22 3 25 + 7 = 22 3(5) + 7 = 22 15 + 7 = 22 22 = 22 −x 3 −x Divide both sides by 3 to isolate the radical. To isolate the radical. Add 1 to both sides of the equation and divide by 100. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Add 100x − 1 to both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. The equation asks you to subtract the positive square root of 49 from 10. Check the solution in the original equation.

468. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Divide the numerator by the positive square root of 16. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 289 The equation asks you to subtract the positive −7 = 10 − 17 square root of 289 from 10. The radical is alone on one side. Evaluate the left side of the equation. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. The solution x = 6 checks out. 469. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Square 28 = 7 5x + 1 4 = 5x + 1 16 = 5x + 1 3=x 28 √5(3) + 1 28 √16 28 4 =7 =7 =7 7=7 both sides. Subtract 1 from both sides and divide the result by 5. The solution 3 = x checks out. Square both sides of the equation. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. 467. 25x + 39 = 289 Subtract 39 from both sides and divide the result by 25. add 4 to both sides and divide the result by 3. 25x + 39 = 17 Square both sides. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 − 25x + 39 + 25x + 39 Combine like terms and simplify the equation. −7 = −7 The solution x = 10 checks out. x2 = 8 − 2x Transform the equation by putting all terms on one side. Add 25x + 39 to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 466. Square both sides of the equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation. (Refer to Chapter 16 for practice and tips for 256 Team-LRN . 13x + 43 = 11 13x + 43 = 121 x=6 3 13(6) + 43 − 4 = 29 3 121 − 4 = 29 3(11) − 4 = 29 29 = 29 multiply both sides by 5x + 1. Subtract 43 from both sides and divide by 13. Solve for x by factoring using the trinomial factor form and setting each factor equal to zero and solving for x. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. −7 = 10 − Simplify the expression under the radical sign. x = 10 −7 = 10 − 25(10) + 39 Check the solution in the original equation. x2 + 2x − 8 = 0 The result is a quadratic equation.

x= −1 is an extraneous root. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation.) It will be important to check each solution. x2 = 2x + 3 x2 − 2x − 3 = (x − 3)(x + 1) = 0 (3) = (−1) = ≠1 2(3 + 3) = 2(−1) + 3 = 9=3 −1 1=1 257 Team-LRN . Then check the solutions in the original equation. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. Put it into standard form and factor the equation using the trinomial factor form to ﬁnd the solutions. Therefore. The only solution for the original equation is x = 3. the only solution for the equation is x = 2. Subtract 2 from both sides. Therefore x ≠ −1. x cannot equal −4. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. Check the solution in the original equation. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. The positive square root of 4 is 2.501 Algebra Questions factoring quadratic equations. With the radical alone on one side of the x2 + 2x − 8 = (x + 4)(x − 2) = 0 x+4=0 x = −4 (−4) = 8 − 2(−4) −4 −4 = 16 ≠4 x−2=0 x=2 (2) = 8 − 2(2) 2= 4 2=2 equation. Letting each factor equal zero and solving for x results in two possible solutions. Check the solution in the original equation. 470. The solution checks out. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. The radical sign calls for a positive root. Therefore. x = −4 is an example of an extraneous root. Subtract 4 from both sides. x = 3 and/or −1. square both sides. The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions.

472. the radical sign indicates that the positive solution is called for. The second factor will give the solution x = 2. 4 = 16 The solution x = 4 checks out. Now check the second solution to the quadratic equation in the original. x2 − x − 12 = 0 The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions. x2 − 7x + 10 = (x − 5)(x − 2) = 0 The ﬁrst factor will give you the solution x = 5. (5) = 7(5) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Square both sides of the equation. x = 2 and x = 5. However. and the left side of the original equation when x = −3 is a negative number. x2 − 7x + 10 = 0 Factor the quadratic equation to ﬁnd the solutions. 258 x2 = 7x − 10 Team-LRN . x2 = x + 12 Subtract (x + 12) from both sides of the equation. 2 = 4 or 2 = 2 There are two solutions to the original equation.501 Algebra Questions 471. Subtract (7x − 10) from both sides of the equation. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. 5 = 25 or 5 = 5 The solution x = 5 is a solution to the original equation. and check each in the original equation to rule out any extraneous solution. Check the ﬁrst solution for the quadratic equation in the original equation. (−3) = (−3) + 12 You could simplify the expression under the radical sign to get the square root of 9. x + 3 = 0 x = −3 Check each solution in the original equation to rule out an extraneous solution. Factor the equation to ﬁnd the solutions and check in the original equation. x2 − x − 12 = (x − 4)(x + 3) = 0 Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. x−4=0 x=4 Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. (4) = (4) + 12 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. (2) = 7(2) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. So. x = −3 is not a solution. Square both sides of the equation.

Substitute 1. Transform the equation into a quadratic equation. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction.5) + 3 = 2(1. 474. 1 2 2 − 2 x = x2 0 = x2 + 2 x − 2 0 = 2x2 + 7x − 4 2x2 + 7x − 4 = (2x − 1)(x + 4) = 0 2x − 1 = 0. 1 2 2 − 7 (−4) = (−4) 2 16 = (−4) or 4 = −4 259 Team-LRN . so x = 1 2 7 7 x + 4 = 0. This is not true. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. 7 2 x) 4x + 3 = 4x2 4x2 − 4x − 3 = 0 4x2 − 4x − 3 = (2x + 1)(2x − 3) = 0 2x + 1 = 0. The only solution for the original equation is x = 1. That cannot be true for the original equation. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. the result will be 1 = −1. Simplify the expression. so x ≠ −0. Factor the result using the trinomial factor form. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x.5 for x in the original equation. x = −0. Square both sides of the radical equation. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Factor using the trinomial factor form.5. Simplify the terms on each side of the equal sign. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x.5 for x in the original equation.5 2x − 3 = 0.501 Algebra Questions 473.5.5) 9 = 3 or 3 = 3 Subtract (2 − from both sides of the equation. There is one solution 1 for the original equation.5 4(1. Check the solution x = −4 in the original equation. x = 1. When you substitute −0. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. x = 2 . so x = −4 2 − 7(1) = (2) 2 2 2− 1 2 7 4 1 = 2 − 13 = 4 1 4 = 1 2 = So x = is a solution.

Check the second possible solution 3 − 1 −2 1 = in the original equation. Multiply the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction. 2 ( 2 2 ) + 10 2 A negative number cannot be equal to a positive square root as the radical sign in the original expression calls for. 1 Therefore.501 Algebra Questions 475. 260 Team-LRN . Factor using the trinomial factor form. −3 x2 = 2 x + 10 x2 − 2 x − 10 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = (x − 4)(2x + 5) = 0 3 3 4= 3 (4) 2 + 10 Simplify the radical expression. 4 = 16 or 4 = 4 The solution x = 4 checks out as a solution for the original equation. Add ( 2x − 10) to both sides of the equation. x = 4 and/or x = −2 2 . x = −2 2 is not a solution to the original equation. The only solution for this equation is x = 4. Letting each factor of the trinomial factors equal zero results in two possible solutions for the original 1 equation. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation.

you will have the opportunity to practice solving equations using the quadratic formula. the solution will be x = 2a quadratic formula are also called the roots of the equation. one when you add the radical and one when you subtract it.20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula In this chapter. The quadratic formula tells you that for any equation in the form ax2 + −b ± √b2 − 4ac . Team-LRN . Some will be undeﬁned. The ± in the quadratic equation tells you that there will be two solutions. The quadratic formula will allow you to ﬁnd solutions for any quadratic equation that can be put in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. Some solutions will be in the form of whole numbers or fractions. Some will be in the form of a radical. but factoring is useful only for those equations that can easily be factored. and c are numbers. as when the radicand is equal to a negative number. b. In Chapter 17 you practiced using factoring to solve quadratic equations. where a. The solutions found using the bx + c = 0.

7x2 = 4(3x + 1) 494. 23x2 = 2(8x − 1) 491. 2x2 = 27 484. 5x2 + 52x + 20 = 0 487. 1 2 3x + 4x − 3 = 0 3 495. x2 = −5x −2 2 488. 6x2 + 17x = 28 481. For solutions that contain a radical. be sure to simplify the radical as you practiced in Chapter 18. Use of a calculator is recommended. x2 = 20x − 19 490. Solve the following equations using the quadratic formula. 476. x2 + 10x + 12 = 0 492. 2x2 − 7x − 30 = 0 478. b. 14x2 = 12x + 32 482.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula ■ ■ ■ Transform the equation into the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. 6x2 + 13x − 28 = 0 479. x2 + 2x − 15 = 0 477. When you are asked to ﬁnd the solution to the nearest hundredth. 18x2 + 9x + 1 = 0 480. you can use a calculator to ﬁnd the value of the radical. 24x2 + 18x − 6 = 0 493. Reduce answers to their simplest form or to the simplest radical form. 5x2 − 12x + 1 = 0 262 Team-LRN . 3x2 + 5x = 0 483. 3x2 + 11x − 7 = 0 486. x2 + 7x = 5 489. 5x2 = 18x − 17 485. Use the values for a. and c in the quadratic equation to determine the solution for the original equation.

496. 11k2 − 32k + 10 = 0 263 Team-LRN . 11r2 − 4r − 7 = 0 497. 5s2 + 12s − 1 = 0 500. 4y2 = 16y − 5 499. 3m2 + 21m − 8 = 0 498.501 Algebra Questions Find the solution to the following equations to the nearest hundredth. 4c2 − 11c + 2 = 0 501.

and c. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 476. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). The equation is in the proper form. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 6 and x = −2.5. ( ). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. First add the terms in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. a = 2 b = −7 x= −(−7) c = −30 ± √(−7)2 − 4(2)(−30) 2(2) x= 7 ± √49 − (−240) 4 = 7 ± √289 4 = 7 ± 17 4 x= x= 7 + 17 4 7 − 17 4 = = 24 4 = 6 and −10 − 4 = 2.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. list the values for a. 477. Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. The equation is in the proper form. The two solutions for the variable x are x = 3 and x = −5. The solutions are underlined. { }. First. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. a = 1 b = 2 c = −15 x= x= x= −(2) ± √(2)2 − 4(1)(−15) 2(1) − (−60) 2 −2±√4 −2 = −2 ± √64 2 ±8 2 x= x= −2 +8 2 −2 − 8 2 = = 6 2 = 3 and −10 − 2 = 5 First. or [ ]. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Evaluate the square root of 64. Find the two solutions for x by simplifying terms. Regardless of what symbol is used. 264 Team-LRN . list the values for a. b. and then subtract them. and c.

b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.501 Algebra Questions 478. Subtract 88 from both sides of the equation. The equation is in the proper form. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Combine like terms on both sides. list the values for a. Simplify the expression. and c. Simplify the expression. list the values for a. Now list the values for a. First. = First. a = 6 b = 13 c = −28 x= x= −(13) −13 ± √(13)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) ± √169 + 672 12 = −13 ± √841 12 = −13 ± 29 12 x= x= + 29 12 −13 − 29 12 −13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 479. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c. 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 28 − 28 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 0 a = 6 b = 17 c = −28 x= x= −(17) ± √(17)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) −17 ± √289 + 672 12 = −17 ± √961 12 = −17 ± 31 12 x= x= + 31 12 −17 − 31 12 −17 = = 1 14 1 12 = 1 6 and −48 − 12 = 4 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 1 6 and x = −4. a = 18 b = 9 c = 1 x= x= −(9) ± √(9)2 − 4(18)(1) 2(18) −9 ± √81 − 72 36 = −9 ± √9 36 = −9 ±3 36 The two solutions for the variable x are x 480. x= −9 and proper form. Simplify the expression. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. First transform the equation into the −6 −1 +3 36 = 36 = 6 −12 −1 x = 36 = 3 −1 −1 = 6 and x = 3 . The equation is in the proper form. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 265 Team-LRN . b. b. 16 1 12 = 1 3 and −42 1 = 12 = −3 2 1 1 1 3 and x = −3 2 .

the solution would have been the same. and c. b. b = 5. 482. x= ± √216 2(2) = ± √9 · 4 · 6 2(2) = ± 3 · 2√6 2(2) = ± 3√6 2 266 Team-LRN . and then your values would be a = 3. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. a = 2 b = 0 c = −27 Substitute the values into the −(0) ± √(0)2 − 4(2)(−27) quadratic equation.501 Algebra Questions 481. First transform the equation into the proper form. b. x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(3)(0) 2(3) x=− x= 5 ± √25 − 0 6 = −5 ±5 6 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 0 and x 483. b. But you could write it as 3x2 + 5x + 0 = 0. Simplify the expression. In this equation. 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 12x + 32 − 12x − 32 Combine like terms. Subtract 27 from both sides of the +5 6 −5 − 5 x= 6 2 = −1 3 . and c = 0. x= 2(14) Simplify the expression. −5 = = 0 6 = 0 and −10 − 2 6 = 13 equation. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. x= 12 ± √144 + 1792 28 = 12 ± √1936 28 = 12 ± 44 28 x= x= 12 + 44 28 12 − 44 28 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 56 28 = 2 and −32 1 = 28 = −1 7 1 2 and x = −1 7 . 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 0 Now list the values for a. you could have divided both sides of the equation by 2 before listing your a. a = 14 b = −12 c = −32 Substitute the values into the −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(14)(−32) quadratic equation. The equation may not appear to be in proper form because there is no value for c. x= 2(2) Simplify the expression. However. and c. = Yes. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c values. So you could write the equation in the proper form like this: 2x2 + 0x − 27 = 0 Now list the values for a. 2x2 − 27 = 27 − 27 or 2x2 − 27 = 0. Try it yourself. there appears to be no coefﬁcient for the x term unless you realize that 0x = 0. Add (−12x − 32) to both sides of the equation.

± √(52)2 − 4(5)(20) 2(5) −52 ± √2704 − 400 10 = −52 ± √2304 10 = −52 ± 48 10 Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Subtract 18x and add 17 to both sides. there are no solutions for this equation. 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 18x − 18x − 17 + 17 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 0 a = 5 b = −18 c = 17 x= x= −(−18) ± √(−18)2 − 4(5)(17) 2(5) 18 ± √324 − 340 10 = 18 ± √−16 10 and c. Combine like terms on both sides.4 and −100 − 10 = 10 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −0. Transform the equation into the desired form. 485. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c. and c. List the values of a. Simplify the expression. a = 3 b = 11 c = −7 x= x= −(11) ± √(11)2 − 4(3)(−7) 2(3) −11 ± √121 + 84 6 5 1 6 = −11 ± √205 6 = −1 6 ± 5 1 6 205 The solutions for the variable x are x = −1 6 ± 486. a = 5 b = 52 c = 20 x= x= −(52) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. b. 205. x= x= + 48 10 − 52 − 48 10 −52 = = −4 − 10 = 0.4 and x = −10. Simplify the expression. ± 3√6 2 = ± 12 1 1 6 6. List the values of a.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the radical. The two solutions for the variable x are x = ± 1 2 484. Now list the values for a. Since there is no rational number equal to the square root of a negative number. b. b. 267 Team-LRN . Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.

Subtract 16x and add 2 to both sides. b. and c. x= Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. List the values of a. multiply both sides of the equation by 2. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Transform the equation by subtracting 5 from both sides. 23x2 = 16x − 2 23x2 − 16x + 2 = 0 a = 23 b = −16 c = 2 x= −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(23)(2) 2(23) 268 Team-LRN . x= x= 20 ± √400 − 76 2 = 20 ± √324 2 = 20 ±18 2 20 + 18 2 20 − 18 2 = = 38 2 = 19 2 2 =1 and The two solutions for the variable x are x = 19 and x = 1. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 2x2 = −5x − 2 2x2 + 5x + 2 = 0 a=2 b=5 c=2 x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(2)(2) 2(2) −2 −1 = −5 ± √25 − 16 2(2) −5 = −8 −5 ±3 4 x= −5 +3 4 = 4 = 1 2 and x = −3 4 = 4 = −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = − 2 and x = −2. Simplify the expression. and c. Simplify the expression. List the values of a. and c. Transform the equation by subtracting 69. List the values of a. 488. Then add 5x + 2 to both sides of the equation. and c. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the right side of the equation. Transform the equation into proper form. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a. First. x2 + 7x − 5 = 0 a = 1 b = 7 c = −5 x= x= 1 −(7) ± √(7)2 − 4(1)(−5) 2(1) −7 ± √49 + 20 2 1 2 = −7 ± √69 2 = −3 2 ± 1 1 2 69 The solution for the variable x is x = −3 2 ± 489.501 Algebra Questions 487. 490. x2 − 20x + 19 = 0 a = 1 b = −20 c = 19 x= −(−20) ± √(−20)2 − 4(1)(19) 2(1) Simplify the expression. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. 20x and adding 19 to both sides of the equation. b.

b. Simplify the expression. 269 Team-LRN . 13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −5 + 492. 7x2 = 4(3x) + 4(1) = 12x + 4 7x2 − 12x − 4 = 0 a=7 b = −12 c = −4 x= x= −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(7)(−4) 2(7) 12 ± √144 + 112 14 = 12 ± √256 14 = 12 ± 16 14 x= x= 12 + 16 14 12 − 16 14 = = 28 14 −4 14 = 2 and = −2 7 −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 2 and x = 7 . ± √(18)2 − 4(24)(−6) 2(24) −18 ± √324 + 576 48 = −18 ± √900 48 = −18 ± 30 48 x= x= + 30 48 −18 − 30 48 1 4 −18 = = 12 1 48 = 4 and −48 − 48 = 1 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 493. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c. b. Simplify the expression. 13 and x = −5 − a = 24 b = 18 c = −6 x= x= −(18) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c. 2. List the values of a. First use the distributive property of multiplication. proper form. x= −10 ± √(102 − 4(1)(12) 2(1) ± √100 − 48 2 = −10 ± √52 2 = −10 ± √4 · 13 2 = −10 ± 2√13 2 = −5 ± 13. List the values of a.501 Algebra Questions x= 16 ± √256 − 184 2(23) = 16 ± √72 2(23) = 16 ± √4 · 9 · 2 2(23) 8 23 = ± 2 · 8 ± 2 · 3 √2 2(23) 3 23 = 8 ± 3 √2 23 = 8 23 ± 3 23 2 The solution for the variable x is x = 491. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. and c. b. Then subtract (12x + 4) from both sides. List the values of a. a = 1 b = 10 c = 12 x= −(10) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Transform the equation into the and x = −1. Simplify the expression.

= 6 ± √31 5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 496. 270 Team-LRN . and c. 4x2 + 9x − 36 = 0 a = 4 b = 9 c = −36 x= x= = −(9) 1 3 3 ± √(9)2 − 4(4)(−36) 2(4) −9 ± √657 ± √81 + 576 = 8 8 −9 ± √9 · 73 −9 ± 3 √73 = 8 8 −9 −9 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 495. Simplify the expression. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. but it might be easier to ﬁrst transform the equation by multiplying it by 12. Using the distributive property.17 6 −21 − 23. List the values of a. b. 8 a = 5 b = −12 x= 12 ± √124 2(5) −(−12) c=1 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. The square root of 537 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 23. b. List the values of a. Substitute into the expression and simplify. 497.64 The two solutions for the variable r are r = 1 and r = −0. and c. a = 3 b = 21 c = −8 m= m= −(21) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. List the values of a.36 and m = −7.17 6 = 0.36 and −44. r = r= 4 ± √16 + 308 22 4 + 18 22 4 − 18 22 = 4 ± √324 22 = 4 ± 18 22 = = 22 22 = 1 and −14 − 22 = 0. Simplify the expression. + 3√73 8 and x = 9 − 3√73 . ± √(−4)2 − 4(11)(−7) 2(11) Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. r= Find the two solutions for r by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. b. 12( 3 x2 + 4 x − 3 = 0) 12(13x2) + 12( 4 x) − 12(3) = 12(0). b. and c.64.36 6 The two solutions for the variable m are m = 0.501 Algebra Questions 494.36. 6 + √31 5 and x = a = 11 b = −4 x= −(−4) c = −7 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. ± √(21)2 − 4(3)(−8) 2(3) −21 ± √441 + 96 6 = −21 ± √537 6 m= m= −21 + 23. you get Simplify the terms. You could use the fractions as values for a and b.17.17 6 = = 2. and c. 12 ± √144 − 20 = x= 2(5) ± √(−12)2 − 4(5)(1) 2(5) = 12 ± √4 · 31 2(5) = 12 ± 2√31 2(5) 6 − √31 5 . List the values of a.17 = −7.

55 and c = 0. a = 11 b = −32 k= k= k= k= −(−32) c = 10 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.34 8 and The two solutions for the variable y are y = 3.36. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Substitute into the expression and simplify. a = 5 b = 12 c = −1 s= −(12) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. y= 8 The square root of 11 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 3.43 = 8 = 2.32) 2.08 and s = −2. − 12.81 10 = 10 = −2.43 = = 8 8 8 11 + 9.81. Combine like terms. b. b. Substitute into the expression and simplify.34. List the values of a.55 and 8 11 − 9. b. s= −12 ± √144 + 20 10 = −12 ± √164 10 −12 + 12.66 and y = 0. Simplify the expression.17 22 = 56.8322 = 0.501 Algebra Questions 498.28 = 8 = 3.57 = 8 = 0. 271 Team-LRN .17 22 = 32 ± √584 22 = 32 ± 24. b.81 and s = 500.55 and k = 0.48. 16 ± √256 − 80 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 16y − 5 − 16y + 5 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 0 a = 4 b = −16 c = 5 y= = −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(4)(5) 2(4) 16 ± √176 8 = 16 ± √16 · 11 8 = 16 ± 4√11 8 y= y= 16 + 4 (3. List the values of a.43 20.55 and = 7.081 −24.17 22 = 2. a = 4 b = −11 c= c= c= c= 501. and c. Simplify the expression. List the values of a. 499.48 The two solutions for the variable s are s = 0. Transform the equation by subtracting 16y from and adding 5 to both sides.81 10 −12 = 0.81 10 = 0.43 1. Simplify the expression.32. −(−11) c=2 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.66 8 16 − 4(3. and c.36 The two solutions for the variable k are k = 2. ± √(−11)2 − 4(4)(2) 2(4) 11 ± √121 − 32 11 ± √89 11 ± 9. ± √(12)2 − 4(5)(−1) 2(5) Simplify the expression. and c. List the values of a. ± √(−32)2 − 4(11)(10) 2(11) 32 ± √1024 − 440 22 32 + 24. s= The square root of 164 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 12.20.72 = 8 = 0.32) 29.20 8 The two solutions for the variable c are c = 2.17 22 32 − 24. and c.