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Algebra Questions

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501

Algebra Questions

®

NEW YORK Team-LRN

Copyright © 2002 LearningExpress, LLC. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by LearningExpress, LLC, New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Recco, William. 501 algebra questions / William Recco.—1st ed. p. cm. ISBN 1-57685-424-8 (pbk.) 1. Algebra. I. Title: Five hundred one algebra questions. II. Title: Five hundred and one algebra questions. III. Title. QA152.2 .R42 2002 512—dc21 2002004440 Printed in the United States of America 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 First Edition ISBN 1-57685-424-8 For more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at: 55 Broadway 8th Floor New York, NY 10006 Or visit us at: www.learnatest.com

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The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team is comprised of experts in test preparation, as well as educators and teachers who specialize in language arts and math. LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team Brigit Dermott Freelance Writer English Tutor, New York Cares New York, New York Sandy Gade Project Editor LearningExpress New York, New York Kerry McLean Project Editor Math Tutor Shirley, New York William Recco Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 New York Shoreham/Wading River School District Math Tutor St. James, New York Colleen Schultz Middle School Math Teacher, Grade 8 Vestal Central School District Math Tutor Vestal, New York

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Contents Introduction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Working with Integers Working with Algebraic Expressions Combining Like Terms Solving Basic Equations Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides Using Formulas to Solve Equations Graphing Linear Equations Solving Inequalities ix 1 12 24 41 49 58 72 81 110 119 142 172 186 194 10 Graphing Inequalities 11 Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities 12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically 13 Working with Exponents 14 Multiplying Polynomials Team-LRN .

Contents 15 Factoring Polynomials 16 Using Factoring 17 Solving Quadratic Equations 18 Simplifying Radicals 19 Solving Radical Equations 20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula 206 215 229 242 250 261 viii Team-LRN .

You may want to follow the sequence. it provides 501 problems so you can ﬂex your muscles and practice a variety of mathematical and algebraic skills. you can ﬁnd them in the LearningExpress publication Algebra Success in 20 Minutes a Day. The book is organized into twenty chapters with a variety of arithmetic. algebra. and word problems. The structure follows a common sequence of concepts introduced in basic algebra courses. 501 Algebra Questions is designed for many audiences.Introduction This book is designed to provide you with review and practice for algebra success! It is not intended to teach common algebra topics. Or. it can be used by teachers and tutors who need to reinforce student skills. How To Use This Book First. It can be used to supplement current instruction in a math class. as each succeeding chapter builds on skills taught in previous chap- Team-LRN . Instead. If at some point you feel you need further explanation about some of the algebra topics highlighted in this book. It’s for anyone who has ever taken a course in algebra and needs to refresh and revive forgotten skills. look at the table of contents to see the types of algebra topics covered in this book.

Second. every problem has a complete step-by-step explanation for the solutions. You will probably want to have a calculator handy as you work through some of the sections. So sharpen your pencil and practice! x Team-LRN . If you are unfamiliar with prime numbers. Make a Commitment Success does not come without effort. Why you do a math operation is as important as how you do it.501 Algebra Questions ters. As you are solving problems. It’s not the answer that matters most—it’s the process and the reasoning skills that you want to master. If after completing all the problems in a section you feel that you need more practice. make a commitment to spend the time you need to do a good job. Last. you become skillful with practice. or if you are using this book to supplement topics you are currently learning. Make the commitment to improve your algebra skills. Chapters are arranged using the same method. If you truly want to be successful. you are given one model problem and then asked to do many problems following that model. Like an athlete preparing for the next season or a musician warming up for a concert. use the list on the next page so you won’t waste time trying to factor numbers that can’t be factored. You can do it! When you achieve algebra success. But if your skills are just rusty. If you ﬁnd yourself getting stuck solving a problem. do the problems over. you are presented with a variety of problems that generally range from easier to more difﬁcult problems and their answer explanations. there are helpful tips on how to practice the problems in each chapter. it is important to be as organized and sequential in your written steps as possible. If you have difﬁculty factoring numbers. And don’t forget to keep lots of scrap paper on hand. you can look at the answer explanation and use it to help you understand the problem-solving process. In many books. you may want to jump around from topic to topic. The purpose of drills and practice is to make you proﬁcient at solving problems. you have laid the foundation for future challenges and success. In this book. Work for understanding. Each chapter has an introduction describing the mathematical concepts covered in the chapter. It’s always a good idea to use it to check your calculations. the multiplication chart on the next page may help you.

501 Algebra Questions × 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 Multiplication Table 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 15 18 21 24 27 20 24 28 32 36 25 30 35 40 45 30 36 42 48 54 35 42 49 56 63 40 48 56 64 72 45 54 63 72 81 50 60 70 80 90 55 66 77 88 99 60 72 84 96 108 Prime 13 53 101 151 199 263 317 383 443 503 577 641 701 769 839 911 983 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 132 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144 2 31 73 127 179 233 283 353 419 467 547 607 661 739 811 877 947 3 37 79 131 181 239 293 359 421 479 557 613 673 743 821 881 953 5 41 83 137 191 241 307 367 431 487 563 617 677 751 823 883 967 Commonly Used 7 11 43 47 89 97 139 149 193 197 251 257 311 313 373 379 433 439 491 499 569 571 619 631 683 691 757 761 827 829 887 907 971 977 Numbers 17 19 59 61 103 107 157 163 211 223 269 271 331 337 389 397 449 457 509 521 587 593 643 647 709 719 773 787 853 857 919 929 991 997 23 67 109 167 227 277 347 401 461 523 599 653 727 797 859 937 1009 29 71 113 173 229 281 349 409 463 541 601 659 733 809 863 941 1013 xi Team-LRN .

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501 Algebra Questions Team-LRN .

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**Working With Integers
**

For some people, it is helpful to try to simplify expressions containing signed numbers as much as possible. When you ﬁnd signed numbers with addition and subtraction operations, you can simplify the task by changing all subtraction to addition. Subtracting a number is the same as adding its opposite. For example, subtracting a three is the same as adding a negative three. Or subtracting a negative fourteen is the same as adding a positive fourteen. As you go through the step-by-step answer explanations, you will begin to see how this process of using only addition can help simplify your understanding of operations with signed numbers. As you begin to gain conﬁdence, you may be able to eliminate some of the steps by doing them in you head and not having to write them down. After all, that’s the point of practice! You work at the problems until the process becomes automatic. Then you own that process and you are ready to use it in other situations. The Tips for Working with Integers section below gives you some simple rules to follow as you solve problems with integers. Refer to them each time you do a problem until you don’t need to look at them. That’s when you can consider them yours. You will also want to review the rules for Order of Operations with numerical expressions. You can use a memory device called a mnemonic to help you remember a set of instructions. Try remembering the word PEMDAS. This nonsense word helps you remember to:

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501 Algebra Questions

P do operations inside Parentheses E evaluate terms with Exponents M D do Multiplication and Division in order from left to right A S Add and Subtract terms in order from left to right

**Tips for Working with Integers
**

Addition Signed numbers the same? Find the SUM and use the same sign. Signed numbers different? Find the DIFFERENCE and use the sign of the larger number. (The larger number is the one whose value without a positive or negative sign is greatest.) Addition is commutative. That is, you can add numbers in any order and the result is the same. As an example, 3 + 5 = 5 + 3, or −2 + −1 = −1 + −2. Subtraction Change the operation sign to addition, change the sign of the number following the operation, then follow the rules for addition. Multiplication/Division Signs the same? Multiply or divide and give the result a positive sign. Signs different? Multiply or divide and give the result a negative sign. Multiplication is commutative. You can multiply terms in any order and the result will be the same. For example: (2 • 5 • 7) = (2 • 7 • 5) = (5 • 2 • 7) = (5 • 7 • 2) and so on. Evaluate the following expressions.

1. 27 + −5 2. 3.

−18 −11

+ −20 − 16 − −8

4. 33 + −16 5. 8 + −4 − 12 6. 38 ÷ −2 + 9 7. 8.

−25 −6

· −3 + 15 · −5

· −3 · −2

9. 24 · −8 + 2 10. 2 · −3 · −7 11.

−15

+ 5 + −11

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**501 Algebra Questions 12. (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) 13. 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 14.
**

−(5

· 3) + (12 ÷ −4)

15. (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) 16. 23 + (64 ÷ −16) 17. 23 − (−4)2 18. (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 19. 24 + (9 + −6)3 20. (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) 21. A scuba diver descends 80 feet, rises 25 feet, descends 12 feet, and then

rises 52 feet where he will do a safety stop for ﬁve minutes before surfacing. At what depth did he do his safety stop?

22. A digital thermometer records the daily high and low temperatures. The

high for the day was +3° C. The low was −10° C. What was the difference between the day’s high and low temperatures? During the month, checks were written in the amounts of $25, $82, $213, and $97. Deposits were made into the account in the amounts of $84 and $116. What was the balance at the end of the month?

23. A checkbook balance sheet shows an initial balance for the month of $300.

24. A gambler begins playing a slot machine with $10 in quarters in her coin

bucket. She plays 15 quarters before winning a jackpot of 50 quarters. She then plays 20 more quarters in the same machine before walking away. How many quarters does she now have in her coin bucket?

25. A glider is towed to an altitude of 2,000 feet above the ground before

being released by the tow plane. The glider loses 450 feet of altitude before ﬁnding an updraft that lifts it 1,750 feet. What is the glider’s altitude now?

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501 Algebra Questions

Answers

Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses, the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ), it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Regardless of what symbol is used, ( ), { }, or [ ], perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result.

1. The signs of the terms are different, so ﬁnd the difference

of the values. The sign of the larger term is positive, so the sign of the result is positive.

2. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

−18

[27 − 5 = 22] 27 + −5 = +22

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Since all the signs are negative, add the absolute value of the numbers. Since the signs were negative, the result is negative. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows:

3. Change the subtraction sign to addition by

+ −20 + (−16)

[18 + 20 + 16 = 54]

−18 −18

**+ −20 + −16 = −54 + −20 − 16 = −54
**

−11

changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Subtract the absolute value of the numbers. Give the result the sign of the larger term. The simpliﬁed expression is as follows:

4. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.

+ +8

[11 − 8 = 3] + +8 = −3 −11 − −8 = −3

−11

Give the result the sign of the larger term.

[33 − 16 = 17] 33 + −16 = +17

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The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (−6 · −3) · −2 [6 · 3 = +18] (+18) · −2 (+18) · −2 = −36 −6 · −3 · −2 = −36 5 Team-LRN . Substitute the result into the expression. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 8. Give the result the sign of the larger term. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 6. First divide. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. With three terms. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Now substitute the result into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions 5. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 7. Now substitute the results into the original expression. Signs different? Divide and give the 8 + −4 + −12 8 + (−4 + −12) [(−4 + −12) = −16] 8 + (−16) [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + (−16) = −8 8 + −4 − 12 = −8 [(38 ÷ −2) = −19] (−19) + 9 [19 − 9 = 10] (−19) + 9 = −10 38 ÷ −2 + 9 = −10 result the negative sign. Let’s group the ﬁrst two terms. First perform the multiplications. ﬁrst group like terms and add. Because all the operators are multiplication. you [−25 · −3 = +75] [15 · −5 = −75] (+75) + (−75) [75 − 75 = 0] −25 · −3 + 15 · −5 = 0 could group any two terms and the result would be the same. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Substitute the result into the ﬁrst expression.

Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. Substitute. Or you could just work from left to right. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. First evaluate the expressions within the (−15 + 5) + −11 [15 − 5 = 10] [(−15 + 5) = −10] (−10) + −11 [10 + 11 = 21] (−10) + −11 = −21 −15 + 5 + −11 = −21 parentheses. Let’s group the last two terms. Substitute. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 10. Substitute. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. Group the terms being multiplied and evaluate. Give the result the sign of the term with the larger value. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 11. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Because all the operators are addition. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 12. (24 · −8) + 2 [24 · −8 = −192] (−192) + 2 [192 − 2 = 190] (−192) + 2 = −190 24 · −8 + 2 = −190 Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: [49 ÷ 7 = 7] [48 ÷ −4 = −12] (7) − (−12) 7 + +12 7 + +12 = +19 (49 ÷ 7) − (48 ÷ −4) = +19 6 Team-LRN . you could group any two terms and the result would be the same.501 Algebra Questions 9. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Because all the operators are multiplication. you could 2 · (−3 · −7) [(−3 · −7) = +21] 2 · (+21) 2 · (+21) = +42 2 · −3 · −7 = +42 group any two terms and the result would be the same. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. Substitute into the original expression.

Substitute the values into the original expression. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 14.501 Algebra Questions 13. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: + (−3) [15 + 3 = 18] −(15) + (−3) = −18 −(5 · 3) + (12 ÷ −4) = −18 7 Team-LRN . Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Now perform additions from left to right. Substitute. Change the subtraction sign to addition by changing the sign of the number that follows it. Add from left to right. First evaluate the expressions within the 5 + −11 + −3 + 8 (5 + −11) + −3 + 8 [11 − 5 = 6] [5 + −11 = −6] (−6) + −3 + 8 (−6 + −3) + 8 [−6 + −3 = −9] (−9) + 8 [9 − 8 = 1] (−9) + 8 = −1 5 + −11 − 3 + 8 = −1 [5 · 3 = 15] [12 ÷ −4 = −3] −(15) parentheses.

Substitute the values of terms with exponents into the original expression. The order of operations tells us to evaluate the terms with exponents ﬁrst. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.501 Algebra Questions 15. Signs different? Multiply the term values and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. [(−18 ÷ 2)] [18 ÷ 2 = 9] [(−18 ÷ 2 = −9)] (6 · −3) [6 · 3 = 18] (6 · −3) = −18 (−9) − (−18) (−9) + (+18) [18 − 9 = 9] (−9) + (+18) = +9 (−18 ÷ 2) − (6 · −3) = +9 (64 ÷ −16) [64 ÷ 16 = 4] (64 ÷ −16 = −4) 23 + (−4) [23 − 4 = 19] 23 + (−4) = +19 23 + (64 ÷ −16) = +19 [23 = 2 · 2 · 2 = 8] [(−4)2 = (−4) · (−4)] [4 · 4 = 16] [(−4)2 = +16] 23 − (−4)2 = (8) − (+16) 8 + −16 [16 − 8 = 8] 8 + −16 = −8 Substitute the values into the original expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. First evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. 8 Team-LRN . The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 17. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 16. Evaluate the expressions within the parentheses. Substitute the value into the original expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.

Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. First evaluate the expressions within the 19. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. First evaluate the expression within the parentheses. Evaluate the term with the exponent. Substitute the values into the expression. Substitute the value into the expression. Substitute the value into the expression. Signs different? Multiply the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Divide the value of the terms and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the terms with exponents. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 9 Team-LRN . Substitute the values of the expressions in parentheses into the original expression.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 18. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. First evaluate the expressions within the 23 − (−4)2 = −8 [3 − 5] [3 + (−5)] [5 − 3 = 2] [3 − 5 = −2] [18 ÷ 6 = 3] (−2)3 + (3)2 [(−2)3 = −2 · −2 · −2] [(−2 · −2) · −2 = (+4) · −2] [(+4) · −2 = −8] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] (−2)3 + (3)2 = −8 + 9 9 − 8 = +1 (3 − 5)3 + (18 ÷ 6)2 = +1 [9 + −6] [9 − 6 = 3] [9 + −6 = +3] 24 + (+3)3 [(+3)3 = 33 = 27] 24 + (27) = 51 24 + (9 + −6)3 = 51 [32 + 6 = (9) + 6 = 15] [−24 ÷ 8 = −3] (15) ÷ (−3) [15 ÷ 3 = 5] (15) ÷ (−3) = −5 (32 + 6) ÷ (−24 ÷ 8) = −5 parentheses. Substitute values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 20. parentheses. The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.

Give all the descending distances a negative sign and the ascending distances a positive sign. An expression to represent the activity during the month would be as follows: 300 + −25 + −82 + −213 + −97 + +84 + +116 Because addition is commutative.501 Algebra Questions 21. The resulting numerical expression would be −80 + +25 + −12 + +52 as follows: Because addition is commutative. Going up is in the positive direction. The diver took his rest stop at 22. you can associate like signed numbers. That would be represented by the following +3° − −10° = +3° + +10° = +13° equation. [−80 + −12 = −92] [+25 + +52 = +77] Substitute the values into the numerical expression. You can consider that balances and deposits are positive signed numbers while checks are deductions. (+500) + (−417) = +83 The balance at the end of the month would be $83. you can associate like-signed numbers. (−92) + (+77) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. If you think of distance above sea level as a positive number. So the difference is the total of 3° + 10° = 13°. [300 + +84 + +116 = +500] [(−25 + −82 + −213 + −97 = −417] Substitute the values into the revised expression. You could simply ﬁgure that +3°C is 3° above zero and −10°C is 10° below. Or you could ﬁnd the difference between +3° and −10°. (300 + +84 + +116) + (−25 + −82 + −213 + −97) Evaluate the numbers within each parentheses. [92 − 77 = 15] −15 feet. represented by negative signed numbers. while going down is in the negative direction. 10 Team-LRN . then you must think of going below sea level as a negative number. (−80 + −12) + (+25 + +52) Evaluate the numerical expression in each parentheses. 23.

750 − 450 = 3. (+2. Four quarters per dollar gives you 4 · 10 = 40 quarters. (90) + (−35) Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number. You can assume ground level is the zero point.000 + +1. You ﬁrst ﬁgure out how many quarters she starts with. You can write an expression that represents the quarters in the bucket and the quarters added and subtracted. An expression that represents the problem +2. [3.750) + −450 = +3. the expression would be as follows: 40 − 15 + 50 − 20 Change all operation signs to addition and the sign of the number that follows. [+2. (+3.000 + −450 + +1. ascending is a positive number while descending is a neg- ative number. (40 + 50) + (−15 + − 20) Use the rules for adding integers with like signs. As in problem 21.750] Substitute into the revised equation.300] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: (+3.750) + −450 Evaluate the expression in the parentheses.300 11 Team-LRN . you can associate like-signed numbers. [40 + 50 = 90] [−15 + − 20 = −35] Substitute into the revised expression.000 + +1. [90 − 35 = 55] The simpliﬁed result of the numeric expression is as follows: 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 = 55 25. 40 + −15 + 50 + −20 Because addition is commutative.750) + −450 Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers and give the result the sign of the higher value number.750 is as follows: Because addition is commutative. In chronological order.501 Algebra Questions 24. you can associate like-signed numbers.750 = +3.

Use PEMDAS to perform operations in the proper order. As you work through the problems in this chapter. Recall and use the Tips for Working with Integers from Chapter 1. Team-LRN . Read through the Tips for Working with Algebraic Expressions before you begin to solve the problems in this section. When given numerical values for the variables. As you become more familiar and comfortable with the look and feel of these expressions. The answer section contains complete explanations of how to go about evaluating the expressions. Work on developing a similar style throughout. you will begin to ﬁnd your own shortcuts. you can turn an algebraic expression into a numerical one. You will be evaluating expressions very much like the previous numerical expressions.2 Working with Algebraic Expressions This chapter contains 25 algebraic expressions. Tips for Working With Algebraic Expressions ■ ■ ■ Substitute assigned values for the variables into the expression. each can contain up to ﬁve variables. Remember that a variable is just a letter that represents a number in a mathematical expression. you are to substitute the assigned values for the variables into the expression and evaluate the expression. and you will have one sure way of solving these kinds of problems.

3x ÷ z 28. 5xy ÷ 2b 40. 2z2 ÷ y 42. bx + z ÷ y 33. 10b3 − 4b2 48. a3 + 24y − 3b 37. 4b2 − az 31. y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} 47. 4a + b 27. 7x ÷ 2yz 32. 3x2b(5a − 3b) x 12 13 Team-LRN . −2x − b + az 38. 5ab + xy 30. 2ax − z 29. 3b2 − 2b + 12 39. bx(z + 3) 43.501 Algebra Questions ■ Evaluate the following algebraic expressions when a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. 8y − 3ab 34. 8y(a3 − 2y) 49. z2 − 4a2y 50. 2bx ÷ (z − b) 45. 12ab ÷ y 46. a(b + z)2 35. 7x + x − z 41. 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab 44. 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b 36.

(No sign means + ) The value of the expression is as follows: 27. Substitute the values for the variables into the 4(3) + (−5) [4(3) = 12] (12) + (−5) [12 − 5 = 7] +7 4a + b = +7 3(6) ÷ (−8) [3(6) = 18] (18) ÷ (−8) [18 ÷ 8 = 2 8 = 2 4 ] 3x ÷ z = −24 or −2. Substitute. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ).501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 14 Team-LRN . Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.25 2(3)(6) − (−8) [2(3)(6) = 36] (36) − (−8) (36) + (+8) [36 + 8 = 44] 1 2 1 expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. { }. Substitute. Multiply the factors of the ﬁrst term. or [ ]. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. a=3 b = −5 x=6 1 y= 2 z = −8 26. Substitute. Give the result the sign of the larger value. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. PEMDAS: Multiply the ﬁrst term. 1 (−2 4 ) The value of the expression is as follows: 28. Signs different? Divide and give the result the negative sign. Regardless of what symbol is used. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Order of operations tells you to multiply ﬁrst. ( ).

Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Signs different? Multiply the terms and give the result a negative sign. Evaluate the ﬁrst term of the expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 30.25] (42) ÷ (−8) = −5. Evaluate the second term of the expression. PEMDAS: Multiply the terms in the expression.501 Algebra Questions The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 29. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the (+44) 2ax − z = +44 5(3)(−5) + (6)( 2 ) [5(3)(−5) = 15(−5)] [15(−5) = −75] 1 [(6)( 2 ) = 3] (−75) + (3) [75 − 3 = 72] (−72) 5ab + xy = −72 4(−5)2 − (3)(−8) [(−5)2 = (−5) · (−5)] [5 · 5 = 25 = +25] [4(+25) = 100] [(3)(−8)] [3 · −8 = −24] (100) − (−24) 100 + +24 = 124 4b2 − az = 124 1 1 expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 31. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Substitute. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Give the result the sign of the larger value. PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent. Signs different? Subtract the value of the numbers.25 15 Team-LRN .25 7x ÷ 2yz = −5. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 7(6) ÷ 2( 2 )(−8) [7 · 6 = 42] 1 [{2( 2 )}(−8) = (1)(−8) = −8] (42) ÷ (−8) [42 ÷ 8 = 5. Now evaluate the other term.

Group terms using order of operations. 16 Team-LRN . PEMDAS: Multiply or divide the terms in the expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 33. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the (−5)(6) + (−8) ÷ ( 2 ) (−5)(6) + {(−8) ÷ ( 2 )} [(−5)(6)] [5 · 6 = 30] [(−5)(6) = −30] 1 [(−8) ÷ ( 2 )] [8 ÷ 2 ] [8 ÷ [(−8) 1 2 1 1 1 =8· 1 (2) 2 1 = 8 · 2 = 16] ÷ = −16] (−30) + (−16) [30 + 16 = 46] (−30) + (−16) = −46 bx + z ÷ y = −46 8( 2 ) − 3(3)(−5) [8 · 2 = 4] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (4) − (−45) (4) − (−45) = 4 + +45 4 + +45 = +49 8y − 3ab = +49 3((−5) + (−8))2 [(−5) + (−8)] [5 + 8 = 13] [(−5) + (−8) = −13] 1 1 expression. To divide by a fraction. Positive times negative is negative. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Positive times positive is positive. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 34. you multiply by the reciprocal. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign.501 Algebra Questions 32. Evaluate the terms on either side of the subtraction sign. Consider the second term. PEMDAS: You must add the terms inside the parentheses ﬁrst. Change the operator to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.

Substitute into the original numerical expression. Next you evaluate the term with the exponent.501 Algebra Questions Substitute into the original expression. Evaluate the second term. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 35. Substitute the values for the variables into the 2((3)2 + 2( 2 )) ÷ (−5) [(3)2 + 2( 2 )] [(3)2 = 3 · 3 = 9] 1 [2( 2 ) = 1] 1 [(3)2 + 2( 2 ) = 9 + 1 = 10] 2(10) ÷ (−5) [2(10) = 20] (20) ÷ (−5) [20 ÷ 5 = 4] (20) ÷ (−5) = −4 2(a2 + 2y) ÷ b = −4 (3)3 + 24( 2 ) − 3(−5) [(3)3 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 27] 1 [24( 2 ) = 12] [3(−5)] [3 · 5 = 15] [3(−5) = −15] (27) + (12) − (−15) (27) + (12) + (+15) 27 + 12 + 15 = 54 a3 + 24y − 3b = +54 1 1 expression. Substitute into the numerical expression. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 36. Signs different? Divide and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. The ﬁrst term has an exponent. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Evaluate it. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−13)2 [(−13)2 = −13 · −13] [13 · 13 = +169] 3(169) = 507 a(b + z)2 = 507 1 expression. Evaluate the third term. Evaluate the term with the exponent. Look ﬁrst to evaluate the term inside the bold parentheses. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 17 Team-LRN . Evaluate the second term. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Signs the same? Multiply the terms and give the result a positive sign.

PEMDAS: Evaluate the term with the exponent ﬁrst. Substitute the values for the variables into the −2(6) − (−5) + (3)(−8) [−2(6) = −2 · 6 = −12] [(3)(−8) = 3 · −8 = −24] (−12) − (−5) + (−24) −12 + (+5) + −24 (−12 + −24) + (+5) [−12 + −24 = −36] (−36) + (+5) [36 − 5 = 31] (−36) + (+5) = −31 −2x − b + az = −31 expression. Evaluate the second term. All term signs are positive. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 39. Substitute the value into the numerical expression. Positive times negative results in a negative. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. Substitute the values for the variables into the 3(−5)2 − 2(−5) + 12 [(−5)2 = −5 · −5 = +25] 3(+25) − 2(−5) + 12 [3(+25) = 75] [2(−5) = −10] (75) − (−10) + 12 (75) + (+10) + 12 75 + 10 + 12 = 97 3b2 − 2b + 12 = 97 5(6)( 2 ) ÷ 2(−5) [5 · 6 · 2 = (5 · 6) · [2(−5) = −10] 1 1 2 1 expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. a result of addition +. Substitute the values into the numerical expression. Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. = 15] 18 Team-LRN . Consider the two terms on either side of the division sign. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 38. Commutative property of addition allows grouping of like signs. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with multiplication next.501 Algebra Questions 37. Evaluate the ﬁrst term by multiplying. Evaluate ﬁrst and last terms. Add terms from left to right. Substitute. Substitute the equivalent values into the original expression.

Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. evaluate the term with the exponent. evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. (15) ÷ (−10) Signs different? Divide and give the result a 1 negative sign. [15 ÷ 10 = 1 2 ] −10) = −1 1 (15) ÷ ( 2 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as 1 follows: 5xy ÷ 2b = −1 2 or −1. (−5)(6)((−8) + 3) First.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the values into the original numerical expression. Multiply from left to right. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: [8 − 3 = 5] [(−8) + 3 = −5] (−5)(6)(−5) [−5 · 6 = −30] (−30) · −5 = +150 bx(z + 3) = +150 19 Team-LRN . Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: (+128) · 2 = 256 2z2 ÷ y = 256 [(−8) + 3] 42. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs different? Multiply and give the result a negative sign. First. Substitute the values for the variables into the 7(6) + (6) − (−8) [7(6) = 7 · 6 = 42] 12 [ (6) = 12 ÷ 6 = 2] (42) + (2) − −8 42 + 2 + −8 42 + 2 + +8 = 52 12 7x + x − z = 52 2(−8)2 ÷ ( 2 ) [2(−8)2 = 2 · (−8) · (−8)] [{2 · (−8)} · (−8)] [2 · (−8) = −16] [(−16) · (−8) = +128] (+128) ÷ 1 2 1 12 expression. Change division to multiplication and change the value to its reciprocal. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 41.5 40. Negative times positive equals negative. Evaluate the second term. Add terms from left to right. Multiply from left to right.

Signs the same? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign. Evaluate the ﬁrst term in the expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the 6( 2 )(−8 ÷ 2 ) + 3(3)(−5) 1 1 [−8 ÷ 1 1 2 = −8 · 2 1 = −16] 6( 2 )(−16) + 3(3)(−5) [6( 2 )(−16) = 6 · 2 · −16] [3 · −16 = −48] [3(3)(−5) = 3 · 3 · −5] [9 · −5 = −45] (−48) + (−45) −48 1 1 + −45 = −93 6y(z ÷ y) + 3ab = −93 2(−5)(6) ÷ ((−8) − (−5)) [(−8 − −5)] [−8 + 5] [8 − 5 = 3] [−8 + +5 = −3] 2(−5)(6) ÷ (−3) [2 · −5 · 6 = −60] (−60) ÷ −3 [60 ÷ 3 = 20] (−60) ÷ −3 = 20 2bx ÷ (z − b) = 20 expression.501 Algebra Questions 43. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Signs the same? Divide and give the result a positive sign. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Signs different? Subtract and give the result the sign of the higher value number. First evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the number that follows. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the second term in the expression. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 44. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 20 Team-LRN .

Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. Signs different? Multiply numbers and give the result a negative sign. Substitute the values for the variables into the 1 12(3)(−5) ÷ ( 2 ) [12 · 3 · −5 = 36 · −5] [36 · 5 = 180] [36 · −5 = −180] (−180) ÷ ( 2 ) −180 1 1 · ( 1 ) = −180 · 2 2 [180 · 2 = 360] −180 · 2 = −360 12ab ÷ y = −360 (6) 2 expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions 45. Multiply from left to right. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 46. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Signs different? Multiply the numbers and give the result a negative sign. Division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by its reciprocal. Evaluate the expression inside the parentheses. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses. PEMDAS: Multiply before subtraction. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: ( 2 ) {( (6) 2 6 [2 − − 3) − 4(3)} 6 2 [( − 3) = − 3] 3 = 3 − 3 = 0] ( 2 ){(0) − 4(3)} [{0 − 4(3)} = 0 − 4 · 3] [0 − 4 · 3 = 0 − 12] [0 − 12 = 0 + −12 = −12] ( 2 ){−12} = 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 · −12 [ 2 · 12 = 6] · −12 = −6 x y{( 2 − 3) − 4a} = −6 21 Team-LRN . Substitute the result into the numerical expression. PEMDAS: Division before subtraction.

Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Evaluate the second term. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 48. Same signs? Add the value of the terms and give the result the same sign.501 Algebra Questions 47. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 22 Team-LRN . Substitute the result into the original expression. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the values for the variables into − +100 + −100 [1250 + 100 = 1350] 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 = −1350 10b3 − 4b2 = −1. Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the ﬁrst term. Multiply from left to right. Substitute the results into the numerical expression in the parentheses. Multiply from left to right.350 8( 2 )((3)3 − 2( 2 )) ((3)3 − 2( 2 )) = (33 − 2 · 2 ) [33 = 3 · 3 · 3 = 9 · 3 = 27] 1 [2 · 2 = 1] [(27) − (1)] [27 − 1 = 26] 8( 2 )(26) 1 [8 · 2 = 4] [4 · 26 = 104] 8y(a3 − 2y) = 104 1 1 1 1 1 the expression. 10(−5)3 − 4(−5)2 [10(−5)3 = 10 · −5 · −5 · −5] [10 · −5 = (−50)] [(−50) · −5 = +250] [+250 · −5 = −1250] [4(−5)2 = 4 · −5 · −5] [4 · −5 = −20] [−20 · −5 = +100] −1250 −1250 Evaluate the second term in the numerical expression. Subtract. Evaluate the expression in the innermost parentheses.

501 Algebra Questions 49. Evaluate the ﬁrst term.200 The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 23 Team-LRN . Multiply from left to right.200] 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) − 3(−5)) = −16. Signs different? Multiply the values and give a negative sign. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the term that follows. (−8)2 − 4(3)2( 2 ) [(−8)2 = −8 · −8] [−8 · −8 = 64] 1 1 [4(3)2( 2 ) = 4 · 3 · 3 · 2 ] [ 4 · 3 = 12] [12 · 3 = 36] 1 [36 · 2 = 18] (64) − (18) 64 − 18 = 46 z2 − 4a2y = 46 1 Substitute the results into the numerical expression. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression. Multiply from left to right. Evaluate the second term. Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. Yes. The simpliﬁed value of the expression is as follows: 50. Substitute the values for the variables into the expression.200 3x2b(5a −3b) = −16. Substitute the result into the numerical expression. 3(6)2(−5)(5(3) −3(−5)) [(5(3) − 3(−5)) = 5 · 3 − 3 · −5] [5 · 3 − 3 · −5 = 15 − −15] [15 + +15 = 30] 3(6)2(−5)(30) [(6)2 = 6 · 6 = 36] 3(36)(−5)(30) [3(36) = 108] [(108) · (−5) = −540] [(−540) · (30) = −16. PEMDAS: Evaluate the expression in the parentheses ﬁrst. PEMDAS: Evaluate terms with exponents next. you can just subtract.

You should know that ■ 3 ■ ■ the numbers in front of the variable or variables are called coefﬁcients. as are the variable or variables in the term. and you can think of variables as factors.Combining Like Terms In this chapter. you can add or subtract them as if they were signed numbers. This Team-LRN . you will practice simplifying algebraic expressions. 3x and −4x are like terms but are different from 7ax or 2x3. For example. you will recognize and combine terms with variables that are alike and link them to other terms using the arithmetic operations. like terms can have different coefﬁcients. a coefﬁcient is just a factor in an algebraic term. When the variables are given number values. You can think of an algebraic term as a series of factors with numbers. When you have terms that are alike. as you did in Chapter 2. As you do this. you can multiply the factors of a term together to ﬁnd its value. You may ﬁnd that combining like terms may be easier if you do addition by changing all subtraction to addition of the following term with its sign changed. but the conﬁguration of the variables must be the same for the terms to be alike.

You will also use the important commutative and associative properties of addition and multiplication. but the value of the expression remains the same. Another important and useful property is the distributive property. But as you either know or are beginning to see. Commutative Property of Multiplication x·y=y·x This equation reminds us that the order in which we multiply expressions can change without changing the value of the result. See the Tips for Combining Like Terms. Tips for Combining Like Terms Distributive Property of Multiplication The distributive property of multiplication tells you how to multiply the terms inside a parentheses by the term outside the parentheses. 25 Team-LRN . Now look at the following examples: Commutative Property of Addition a+b=b+a This equation reminds us that terms being combined by addition can change their location (commute). a(b + c) = ab + ac a(b − c) = ab − ac (b + c)a = ba + ca 4(6 + 3) = 4 · 6 + 4 · 3 = 24 + 12 = 36 (−5 + 8)3 = −5 · 3 + 8 · 3 = −15 + 24 = 9 7(10 + 3) = 7 · 10 + 7 · 3 = 70 + 21 = 91 3(x + 2y) = 3 · x + 3 · 2y = 3x + 6y a(b − 5d) = a · b − a · 5d = ab − 5ad Numerical examples of the commutative properties for addition and multiplication were given in the Tips for Working with Integers. Study the following general and speciﬁc examples.501 Algebra Questions strategy will continue to be shown in the answer explanations. sometimes it’s easier to just subtract.

as you go through the practice exercises you will see how each of these properties will come into play as we simplify algebraic expressions by combining like terms.501 Algebra Questions Associative Property of Addition (q + r) + s = q + (r + s) This equation reminds us that when you are performing a series of additions of terms. Associative Property of Multiplication (d · e) · f = d · (e · f ) This equation reminds us that you can multiply three or more terms in any order without changing the value of the result. a variable by itself is understood to mean one of that term. Which one looks simpler? Of course. Clarity is valued in mathematics. Identity Property of Addition n+0=n Identity Property of Multiplication n·1=n Term Equivalents x=1·x For purposes of combining like terms. Writing expressions as simply as possible is always appreciated. 26 Team-LRN . n = +n A term without a sign in front of it is considered to be positive. it’s the last. While it may not seem relevant yet. Look at the expressions on either side of the equal signs. a − b. you can associate any term with any other and the result will be the same. a + −b = a − +b = a − b Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term.

4(x + 2y) + 2(x + y) 57. 51. 14 + 9(2w + 7) − 2(6 − w) 63. a(a + 4) + 3a2 − 2a + 10 67. 7a + 6b + 3a 53. 5(3x − y) + x(5 + 2y) − 4(3 + x) 72. 6(3m − 12) − 4(9m + 8) 65. −7(c − 2d) + 21c − 3(d − 5) 71. 3a + 4a + 9a 52. 4x + 2y − x + 3y 54. 8(2a − b − 3c) + 3(2a − b) − 4(6 − b) 27 Team-LRN . 9(2x − t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) 74. 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 − a)} + 5a2 75. 3h + 5 + 2w − 3 + h 56. 8s − 3r + 5(2r − s) 64. −7(a + b) +12a − 16b 62. 64 + 5(n − 8) + 12n − 24 60. 9(x − 6) + x(3 − x) 68. 2x − x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x − y) 70. 6(m − 3n) + 3m(n + 5) − 2n(3 − m) 73. 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m 55. 2(3a + 4b) + 7(a − b) 58.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions by combining like terms. 4(x + y − 4) + 6(2 − 3y) 61. 3r2 + r(2 − r) + 6(r + 4) 69. 5(15 − 2j ) + 11(7j − 3) 66. 11(4m + 5) + 3(−3m + 8) 59.

The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x + 2y + (−x) + 3y 4x + (−x) + 2y + 3y (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) [4x + −x = +3x = 3x] [2y + 3y = 5y] (4x + −x) + (2y + 3y) = (3x) + (5y) 4x + 2y − x + 3y = 3x + 5y 28 Team-LRN . Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Add like terms. or [ ]. Change subtraction to addition and 7a + 3a + 6b (7a + 3a) + 6b [(7a + 3a) = 10a] (10a) + 6b 7a + 6b + 3a = 10a + 6b change the sign of the term that follows. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 53. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Add like terms. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Substitute. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 51. Add like terms. Regardless of what symbol is used. Substitute the results into the expression. The simpliﬁed result of the algebraic expression is: 52. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. ( ). { }. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property of addition to (3a + 4a) + 9a [3a + 4a = 7a] (7a) + 9a 7a + 9a = 16a 3a + 4a + 9a = 16a move like terms together. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Use the associative property for addition. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Use the associative property of addition. Add like terms. Substitute the results into the original expression.

Add like terms. Add like terms. Substitute the results into the expression. Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 56. Substitute the result into the expression. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second expression. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: [4(x + 2y) = 4 · x + 4 · 2y] [4x + 8y] [2(x + y) = 2 · x + 2 · y] [2x + 2y] (4x + 8y) + (2x + 2y) (4x + 2x + 8y + 2y (4x + 2x) + (8y + 2y) [4x + 2x = 6x] [8y + 2y = 10y] (6x) + (10y) 6x + 10y 29 Team-LRN . Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 27 + −3m + 12 + −5m 27 + 12 + −3m + −5m (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) [27 + 12 = 39] [−3m + −5m = −8m] (27 + 12) + (−3m + −5m) = (39) + (−8m) 39 − +8m = 39 − 8m 27 − 3m + 12 − 5m = 39 − 8m 3h + 5 + 2w + (−3) + h 3h + h + 2w + 5 + −3 (3h + h) + 2w + (5 + −3) [(3h + h) = 4h] [(5 + −3) = 2] (4h) + 2w + (2) 4h + 2w + 2 55. Add like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst expression. Use the associative property for addition.501 Algebra Questions 54. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together.

Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Substitute the result into the expression. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 58. Add like terms. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition.501 Algebra Questions 57. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the distributive property of [11(4m + 5) = 11 · 4m + 11 · 5] [44m + 55] [3(−3m + 8) = 3 · −3m + 3 · 8] [−9m + 24] (44m + 55) + (−9m + 24) 44m + 55 + −9m + 24 44m + −9m + 55 + 24 (44m + −9m) + (55 + 24) [44m + −9m = 35m] [55 + 24 = 79] (35m) + (79) 35m + 79 [5(n − 8) = 5 · n − 5 · 8] [5n − 40] 64 + (5n − 40) + 12n − 24 64 + 5n − 40 + 12n − 24 64 + 5n + −40 + 12n + −24 multiplication on the second term. Substitute the result into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the results into the expression. Parentheses are no longer needed. Add like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Substitute the result into the expression. 30 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of [2(3a + 4b) = 2 · 3a + 2 · 4b] [6a + 8b] [7(a − b) = 7 · a − 7 · b] [7a − 7b] (6a + 8b) + (7a − 7b) 6a + 8b + 7a − 7b 6a + 8b + 7a + (−7b) 6a + 7a + 8b + (−7b) (6a + 7a) + (8b + −7b) [6a + 7a = 13a] [8b + −7b = b] (13a) + (b) 13a + b multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Signs different? Subtract the value of the terms. Substitute the result into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 59.

Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. 4x + 4y + −18y + −16 + 12 4x + (4y + −18y) + (−16 + 12) [4y + −18y = −14y] [−16 + 12 = 12 + −16 = −4] Substitute the results into the expression. Substitute the results into the expression. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 4x − 14y − 4 31 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of 5n + 12n + 64 + −40 + −24 (5n + 12n) + (64 + −40 + −24) [5n + 12n = 17n] [64 + −40 + −24 = 64 +(−40 + −24)] [64 + −64 = 0] (17n) + (0) 17n [4(x + y − 4) = 4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4] [4 · x + 4 · y − 4 · 4 = 4x + 4y − 16] [6(2 − 3y) = 6 · 2 − 6 · 3y = 12 − 18y] (4x + 4y − 16) + (12 − 18y) 4x + 4y − 16 + 12 − 18y multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Add like terms.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. The simpliﬁed algebraic expression is: 60. 4x + (−14y) + (−4) Rewrite addition of a negative term as subtraction of a positive term by changing addition to subtraction and changing the sign of the following term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Add like terms. Use the associative property for addition. Add like terms.

Change subtraction to addition and [−7(a + b) = −7 · a + −7 · b] (−7a + −7b) + 12a − 16b −7a + −7b + 12a − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b − 16b 12a + −7a + −7b + −16b (12a + −7a) + (−7b + −16b) [12a + −7a = 5a] [−7b + −16b = −23b] (5a) + (−23b) 5a − 23b change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 14 + 18w + 63 + −12 + +2w Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Parentheses are no longer needed. 62. Use the commutative property for addition to put like terms together. 18w + +2w + 14 + 63 + −12 Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. [−2 · 6 + −2 · −w = −12 + +2w] Substitute the results into the original expression. [9(2w + 7) = 9 · 2w + 9 · 7] [9 · 2w + 9 · 7 = 18w + 63] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. [−2(6 + −w) = −2 · 6 + −2 · −w] Notice the result of multiplication for opposite and like-signed terms. 20w + 65 32 Team-LRN . Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. (20w) + (65) Parentheses are no longer needed. Substitute the results into the expression. 14 + 9(2w + 7) + −2(6 + −w) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term.501 Algebra Questions 61. [18w + +2w = 20w] Add from left to right. 14 + (18w + 63) + (−12 + +2w) Parentheses are no longer needed. (18w + +2w) + (14 + 63 + −12) Add like terms. [14 + 63 + −12 = 77 + −12 = 65] Substitute the results into the expression. Add like terms.

64. Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Add terms using the rules for terms with the same signs. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change 8s + −3r + 5(2r + −s) [5(2r + −s) = 5 · 2r + 5 · −s] [5 · 2r + 5 · −s = 10r + −5s] 8s + −3r + (10r + −5s) 8s + −3r + 10r + −5s 8s + −5s + 10r + −3r (8s + −5s) + (10r + −3r) [8s + −5s = 3s] [10r + −3r = 7r] (3s) + (7r) 3s + 7r 6(3m + −12) + −4(9m + 8) [6(3m + −12) = 6 · 3m + 6 · −12] [6 · 3m + 6 · −12 = 18m + −72] [−4(9m + 8) = −4 · 9m + −4 · 8] [−4 · 9m + −4 · 8 = −36m + −32] (18m + −72) + (−36m + −32) 18m + −72 + −36m + −32 18m + −36m + −72 + −32 (18m + −36m) + (−72 + −32) [18m + −36m = −18m] [−72 + −32 = −104] (−18m) + (−104) −18m + −104 −18m −104 the sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression.501 Algebra Questions 63. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Use the commutative property of addition. Add like terms. Either of the last two expressions is correct. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the associative property for addition. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Parentheses are no longer needed. Parentheses are no longer needed. Parentheses are no longer needed. but the second is the simpler. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative property for addition. 33 − +104 + −18m − (+18m) − 18m −104 −104 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term.

34 Team-LRN . Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. [77j + −10j = +67j ] Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with the same signs. 67j + 42 a(a + 4) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 [a(a + 4) = a · a + a · 4] [a · a + a · 4 = a2 + 4a] (a2 + 4a) + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 4a + 3a2 + −2a + 10 a2 + 3a2 + 4a + −2a + 10 (a2 + 3a2) + (4a + −2a) + 10 [a2 + 3a2 = 4a2] [4a + −2a = 2a] (4a2) + (2a) + 10 4a2 + 2a + 10 66. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Substitute the results into the expression. Add the second term using the rules for terms with different signs. [11(7j + −3) = 11 · 7j + 11 · −3] [11 · 7j + 11 · −3 = 77j + −33] Substitute the results into the expression. Substitute the results into the expression. [75 + −33 = +42] Substitute the results into the expression.501 Algebra Questions 65. 75 + −10j + 77j + −33 Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. (67j ) + (42) Parentheses are no longer needed. 5(15 + −2j ) + 11(7j + −3) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. (75 + −10j ) + (77j + −33) Parentheses are no longer needed. Parentheses are no longer needed. Parentheses are no longer needed. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the associative property for addition. Use the commutative property for multiplication for the second term. 77j + −10j + 75 + −33 Use the associative property for addition. (77j + −10j ) + (75 + −33) Add terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. [5(15 + −2j ) = 5 · 15 + 5 · −2j] [5 · 15 + 5 · −2j = 75 + −10j] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term.

Substitute the results into the expression. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. Use the associative property for addition. Add terms in parentheses using the rules for terms with the same signs. Substitute the results into the expression. Change subtraction to addition and change 9(x + −6) + x(3 + −x) [9(x + −6) = 9 · x + 9 · −6] [9 · x + 9 · −6 = 9x + −54] [x(3 + −x) = x · 3 + x · −x] [x · 3 + x · −x = 3x + −x2] (9x + −54) + (3x + −x2) 9x + −54 + 3x + −x2 9x + 3x + −54 + −x2 (9x + 3x) + −54 + −x2 (12x) + −54 + −x2 12x − (+54) + −x2 −x2 + 12x − 54 the sign of the terms that follow. Remove the parentheses. Parentheses are no longer needed. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term.501 Algebra Questions 67. Add the ﬁrst term using the rules for terms with different signs. 68. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the commutative property of addition to put the terms in exponential order. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. 3r2 + r (2 + −r) + 6(r + 4) [r (2 + −r) = r · 2 + r · −r] [r · 2 + r · −r = 2r + −r2] [6(r + 4) = 6 · r + 6 · 4] [6 · r + 6 · 4 = 6r + 24] 3r2 + (2r + −r2) + (6r + 24) 3r2 + 2r + −r2 + 6r + 24 3r2 + −r2 + 2r + 6r + 24 (3r2 + −r2) + (2r + 6r) + 24 [3r2 + −r2 = 2r2] [2r + 6r = 8r] (2r2) + (8r) + 24 2r2 + 8r + 24 35 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Change addition to subtraction and change the sign of the term that follows. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the terms that follow. Use the commutative property of addition to put like terms together. Add the second term using the rules for terms with the same signs.

Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Change subtraction to addition and the 2x + −x(5 + y) + 3xy + 4(2x + −y) [−x(5 + y) = −x · 5 + −x · y] [−x · 5 + −x · y = −5x + −xy] [4(2x + −y) = 4 · 2x + 4 · −y] [4 · 2x + 4 · −y = 8x + −4y] 2x + (−5x + −xy) + 3xy + (8x + −4y) 2x + −5x + −xy + 3xy + 8x + −4y (2x + −5x + 8x) + (−xy + 3xy) + (−4y) [2x + −5x + 8x = 5x] [−xy + 3xy = 2xy] (−5x) + (2xy) + (−4y) 5x + 2xy −4y −7(c sign of the terms that follow. Substitute the results into the expression. Add the second set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs.501 Algebra Questions 69. Remove the parentheses. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the commutative property of addition to move terms together. Remove the parentheses. Substitute the results into the expression. Use the associative and commutative properties for addition. Remove the parentheses. + −2d) + 21c + −3(d + −5) [−7(c + −2d) = −7 · c + −7 · −2d ] [−7 · c + −7 · −2d = −7c + +14d ] [−3(d + −5) = −3 · d + −3 · −5] [−3 · d + −3 · −5 = −3d + +15] (−7c + +14d) + 21c + (−3d + +15) −7c + +14d + 21c + −3d + +15 21c + −7c + +14d + −3d + +15 (21c + −7c) + (+14d + −3d) + +15 (14c) + (11d) + 15 14c + 11d + 15 36 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the fourth term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. 70. Add the ﬁrst set of terms using the rules for terms with different signs. Substitute the results into the last expression. Remove the parentheses. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term.

Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. 5(3x + −y) + x(5 + 2y) + −4(3 + x) [5(3x + −y) = 5 · 3x + 5 · −y] [5 · 3x + 5 · −y = 15x + −5y] [x(5 + 2y) = x · 5 + x · 2y] [x · 5 + x · 2y = 5x + 2xy] [−4(3 + x) = −4 · 3 + −4 · x] [−4 · 3 + −4 · x = −12 + −4x] (15x + −5y)+ (5x + 2xy) + (−12 + −4x) 15x + −5y+ 5x + 2xy + −12 + −4x (15x + 5x + −4x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) + −5y + 2xy + −12 (16x) − (+5y) + 2xy − (+12) 16x − 5y + 2xy − 12 37 Team-LRN . Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Remove the parentheses. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Substitute the results into the original expression. Remove the parentheses. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the associative property for addition. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term.501 Algebra Questions 71.

6m + −18n + 3mn + 15m + −6n + +2mn Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. (6m + 15m) + (3mn + +2mn) + (−6n + −18n) Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. [6 · m + 6 · −3n = 6m + −18n] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. [−2n(3 + −m) = −2n · 3 + −2n · −m] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [6(m + −3n) = 6 · m + 6 · −3n] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. (21m) + (5mn) + (−24n) Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. 9(2x + −t) + 23xt + x(−4 + 5t) [9(2x + −t) = 9 · 2x + 9 · −t] [9 · 2x + 9 · −t = 18x + −9t] [x(−4 + 5t) = x · −4 + x · 5t] [x · −4 + x · 5t = −4x + 5xt] (18x + −9t) + 23xt + (−4x + 5xt) 18x + −9t + 23xt + −4x + 5xt 38 Team-LRN . (6m + −18n) + (3mn + 15m) + (−6n + +2mn) Remove the parentheses. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [−2n · 3 + −2n · −m = −6n + +2mn] Substitute the results into the original expression. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Remove the parentheses. [3m(n + 5) = 3m · n + 3m · 5] Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. [3m · n + 3m · 5 = 3mn + 15m] Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Substitute the results into the expression. 6(m + −3n) + 3m(n + 5) + −2n(3 + −m) Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term.501 Algebra Questions 72. 21m + 5mn − 24n 73.

Add like terms. Use the commutative property of addition. Use the identity property of addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term. Use the commutative property of addition. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Simplify the term inside the outer parentheses ﬁrst. Use the associative property for addition. 18x + −4x + −18t + 23xt + 5xt (18x + −4x) + −9t + (23xt + 5xt) (14x) + −9t + (28xt) 14x − +9t + 28xt 14x − 9t + 28xt 4{2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)} + 5a2 [2a(a + 3) + 6(4 + −a)] [2a(a + 3) = 2a · a + 2a · 3] [2a · a + 2a · 3 = 2a2 + 6a] [6(4 + −a) = 6 · 4 + 6 · −a] [6 · 4 + 6 · −a = 24 + −6a] [(2a2 + 6a) + (24 + −6a)] [2a2 + 6a + 24 + −6a] [2a2 + 6a + −6a + 24] [2a2 + (6a + −6a) + 24] [2a2 + (0) + 24] [2a2 + 24] 4{2a2 + 24} + 5a2 [4 · 2a2 + 4 · 24] [8a2 + 96] (8a2 + 96) + 5a2 8a2 + 96 + 5a2 8a2 + 5a2 + 96 (8a2 + 5a2) + 96 13a2 + 96 74. Remove the parentheses. Substitute the results into the expression.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the associative property for addition. Substitute the results into the expression. Substitute into the expression. 39 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Use the associative property for addition. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Remove the parentheses.

8(2a + −b + −3c) + 3(2a + −b) + −4(6 + −b) [8(2a + −b + −3c) = 8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c] [8 · 2a + 8 · −b + 8 · −3c = 16a + −8b + −24c] [3(2a + −b) = 3 · 2a + 3 · −b] [3 · 2a + 3 · −b = 6a + −3b] [−4(6 + −b) = −4 · 6 + −4 · −b] [−4 · 6 + −4 · −b = −24 + +4b] (16a + −8b + −24c) + (6a + −3b) + (−24 + +4b) 16a + −8b + −24c + 6a + −3b + −24 + +4b 16a + 6a + −8b + −3b + +4b + −24c + −24 (16a + 6a) + (−8b + −3b + +4b) + −24c + −24 (22a) + (−7b) + −24c + −24 22a − 7b − 24c − 24 40 Team-LRN . Use the associative property for addition. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the third term. Combine like terms using addition rules for signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and the sign of the terms that follow. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the rules for multiplying signed terms. Use the commutative property of addition to move like terms together. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the ﬁrst term.501 Algebra Questions 75. Substitute the results into the expression. Adding a negative term is the same as subtracting a positive term. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the second term. Remove the parentheses.

Team-LRN . 4 Tips for Solving Basic Equations ■ ■ If a number is being added to or subtracted from a term on one side of an equation. you can manipulate the equation to ﬁnd a solution. you must do the same to the other side to maintain the equality. An equation is a mathematical statement where two expressions are set equal to each other. If you add or subtract an amount from one side of the equation. Using logic and mathematical operations. Look over the Tips for Solving Basic Equations before you begin this chapter’s questions. The answer explanations will show and identify all the steps you will need to solve basic equations. There will be different solutions to similar problems to show a variety of methods for solving equations.Solving Basic Equations Solving equations is not very different from working with numerical or algebraic expressions. But they all rely on the same rules. The inverse of addition is subtraction. Simply put. you can eliminate that number by performing the inverse operation. The inverse of subtraction is addition. that is what you have done when you have the variable on one side of the equal sign and a number on the other.

2c = 5. 0. you can multiply the term by the number. You can perform any operation to a term in an equation. If b is a number ≠ 0. s − −3 = −1 82. 45r = −30 91. 2a = 18 87. Just remember that you must do it to both sides. y + 17 = −12 79. x 9 = 16 y − −4 = 12 2 3 a = 54 8 − 5 b = 56 42 Team-LRN . leaving you with y one of the variables. 94. c − 4( 2 − 5) = 20 85. leaving you with just one of the variables. you can eliminate the coefﬁcient by dividing both sides of the equation by that coefﬁcient. The inverse of division is multiplication. then ax ÷ a = x. If a variable is being multiplied by a coefﬁcient. 4x = −20 88. b − 24 = 86 80.8 92. 93. 95. If a is a number ≠ 0. the value on the other side is your solution. b − 2 = − 3 84. 27b = 9 90. x − 25 = 32 78. a + 1 4 = 6 4 83. m + 2(5 − 24) = −76 86. 76. If a number is dividing a variable.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ The inverse of multiplication is division. then b( b ) = y. a + 16 = 30 77. 12 − c = −9 81. −3y 3 1 5 2 1 = 18 89. When you have the variable isolated on one side of the equation.

What was the suggested selling price of the car? 97. After putting 324 teddy bears into packing crates.000 bonus check from her company at the end of the year. Only 2% of turtle hatchlings will live to become breeding adults. there were 54 crates ﬁlled with bears.200? 99. Jack paid $21. This was 5% of her annual salary. If each crate contained the same number of bears.000 for his new car. A business executive received a $6. This year a farmer planted 300 acres of corn.5 times as many acres as he planted last year.501 Algebra Questions 96. This was 8 the suggested selling price of 7 the car. How much was her annual salary before receiving the bonus? 43 Team-LRN . How many turtles must have been born if the current number of breeding adults is 1. how many bears were in each packing crate? 98. How many acres did he plant this year? 100. This was 1.

Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Add +24 to each side of the equation. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Zero is the identity element for addition. Zero is the identity element for addition. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation. 78. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 79. a + (16 − 16) = (30 − 16) a + (0) = (14) a = 14 25 + x − 25 = 32 + 25 x + 25 − 25 = 32 + 25 x + (25 − 25) = (32 + 25) x + (0) = (57) x = 57 y + 17 − 17 = −12 − 17 y + (17 − 17) = (−12 − 17) y + (17 + −17) = (−12 + −17) y + (0) = −29 y = −29 b + −24 = 86 b + −24 + +24 = 86 + +24 b + (−24 + 24) = (86 + 24) b + (0) = 110 b = 110 Use the commutative property for addition. Perform the numerical operation in the parentheses. Associate like terms. 76. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Regardless of what symbol is used. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Zero is the identity element for addition. Add 25 to each side of the equation. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. ( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. { }. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Associate like terms. or [ ]. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 44 Team-LRN . Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Associate like terms. 77. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written.

Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. Subtracting zero is the same as adding zero. Add +9 to each side of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 80. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Change the improper fraction to a mixed number. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Add −3 to each side of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the 12 + −c = −9 12 + −c + +c = −9 + +c 12 + (−c + +c) = −9 + +c 12 + (0) = −9 + c 12 = −9 + c +9 + 12 = +9 + −9 + c (+9 + 12) = (+9 + −9) + c (21) = (0) + c 21 = c s + +3 = −1 s + +3 + −3 = −1 + −3 s + (+3 + −3) = −1 + −3 s + (0) = (−4) s = −4 a + 1 4 + −1 4 = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (1 4 + −1 4 ) = 6 4 + −1 4 a + (0) = 4 2 a = 42 b + −2 = −3 b + −2 − −2 = −3 − −2 b + (− 2 − − 2 ) = − 3 − − 2 b + (− 2 + + 2 ) = − 3 + + 2 b + (0) = b = 16 5 11 6 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 3 3 1 3 3 3 1 3 sign of the term that follows. 83. 81. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 3 Associate like terms. Add −1 4 to each side of the equation. Add +c to each side of the equation. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Associate like terms. 5 45 Team-LRN . Subtract − 2 from both sides of the equation. 82.

The order of operations is to multiply ﬁrst. c + −4( 2 + −5) = 20 1 c + (−4 · 2 + −4 · −5) = 20 c + (−2 + +20) = 20 c + (18) = 20 c + 18 − 18 = 20 − 18 c + (18 − 18) = 20 − 18 c+0=2 c=2 m + (10 − 48) = −76 m + −38 + +38 = −76 + +38 m + (−38 + +38) = −76 + +38 m + (0) = −38 m = −38 2a ÷ 2 = 18 ÷ 2 a = 18 ÷ 2 a=9 = 2 a=9 2a 2 18 1 85. Subtract 18 from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 84. Perform the operation in parentheses. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the equation by 2. r= −30 45 45 3 46 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by −3. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Associate like terms. 4x ÷ 4 = −20 ÷ 4 x = −20 ÷ 4 x = −5 =−4 x = −5 4x 4 20 −3y −3 = Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Divide both sides of the equation by 45. Divide both sides of the equation by 27. m + (2 · 5 − 2 · 24) = −76 Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Zero is the identity element for addition. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Add +38 to each side of the equation. 90. Associate like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 86. 89. Another method is as follows: 87. Apply the rules for operating with signed numbers. Another look for this solution method is as follows: 88. b= 45r 45 = −2 −30 r= Reduce fractions to their simplest form (common factor of 15). Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Perform the operation in parentheses. y= y = −6 27b 27 18 −3 18 −3 = 9 27 1 3 9 27 b= Reduce fractions to their simplest form.

000 · x = $24.000 ÷ 7 x = 21. So your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 7 8. Divide both sides of the equation by 3 . Let x = the suggested selling price of the car. 2 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. Here’s one.000 8 7 7 8x 7 8x = $21.501 Algebra Questions 91.2 Divide.000 7 7 8 47 Team-LRN .8 5. There are several ways to multiply fractions and whole numbers.2c 0.000.8 0.2. Divide both sides of the equation by 5 . Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. 94. 92.000 ÷ 8 x = 21. Multiply both sides of the equation by −4. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. 95. y Signs the same? Multiply and give the result a positive sign. 0. c = 0. 93. 8 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. = −56 ÷ 8 b = −56 ÷ 5 ÷ b = −56 · b= −56 8 5 8 5 5 8 b= b = −35 96. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9. ÷ 8 = 21. The 7 5 1 · 8 −280 8 ﬁrst and second sentences tell you that 8 of the suggested price = $21.2 c = 29 9( 9 ) = 9(16) x = 9(16) x = 144 · −4 = −4 · −12 y = −4 · −12 y = +48 = 48 ÷ 3 = 54 ÷ 2 a = 54 ÷ 3 a = 54 · a = 81 8 5b 3 2 2 3a 2 2 3 −4 x Multiply.2 = 5.

000 99. Let b = the number of bears in each packing crate.05.02 Divide. Five percent of her 1.05 d = 6.501 Algebra Questions 97.02.5 c = 200 salary equals her yearly bonus.200 ÷ 0.200 ÷ 0. 1.5 times c is 300. Divide. 98. 0. The ﬁrst sentence tells you that the number of packing crates times the number of bears in each is equal to the total number of bears. (5%)d = $6. t = 60.02 = 1.200.02. 54b = 324 54b ÷ 54 = 324 ÷ 54 b = 324 ÷ 54 b=6 The ﬁrst sentence tells you that only 2% survive to adulthood.02t = 1.000 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 1. Let t = the number of turtle hatchlings born. so the equation becomes 0. Divide.5 c ÷ 1.000 48 Team-LRN .5 = 300 ÷ 1.02t ÷ 0.05d = 6. Your equation will be: The numerical equivalent of 5% is 0. Two percent of the turtles born is 1. so the equation becomes Divide both sides of the equation by 0.000 ÷ 0. 0.5c = 300 1.05. Let d = her annual salary. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.5 c = 300 ÷ 1. Your equation will be: (2%)t = 1.200.02 t = 1. Your equation is: Divide both sides of the equation by 54.05 = 6. Let c = the number of acres he planted last year.05d ÷ 0. 100.5.000 ÷ 0.200 The numerical equivalent of 2% is 0.05 d = $120.000. Divide.

Just substitute the value you ﬁnd for the variable and work Team-LRN . division can be shown using the standard division symbol ÷. as in 10 ÷ 2 = 5. You may be used to seeing multiplication shown with an × like this: 5 × 3 = 15. or with parentheses like this: 5(3) = 15.Solving Multi-Step Equations Solving multi-step equations simply combines the work you have done in the previous chapters. The solution techniques for the two types of basic equations you worked on in Chapter 4 are both utilized in the equations in this chapter. Or it can be shown using a fraction 10 bar like this: 10 ÷ 2 = 2 = 5. Both conventions will be used in the answers. the convention is to show multiplication with either a · like this: 5 · 3 = 15. Similarly. 5 Tips for Solving Multi-Step Equations ■ ■ ■ There are at least two ways to show multiplication. Use and get used to both. In equations. In algebra. Check your answers before looking at the answer solutions. this becomes confusing. so you should get used to either one.

25 = 1 111. 3x − 9 = 15 104. If the quantities you ﬁnd are equal. 0.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ each side of the equation as if it were a numerical expression.5 117. −55 50 Team-LRN . 4m − 14 = 50 115.3a + 0. Then write the equation based on the information stated in the problem. To write an equation for a word problem. 36 = 3a − 9 108. x 3 x 7 + 4 = 10 −5=1 107. 9 = 4 m − 3 113. 2m 5 + 16 = 24 116. Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. 2 3m + 8 = 20 3 112. 13x + 21 = 60 103. 10a + 5 = 7 110. 7m − 6 = −2. 8s − 5 = 35 120. 9 ÷ 3 = 9( 2 ).7 = 3 = 25 − s 119. Find the solutions to the following equations. 41 − 2m = 61 114. 101. 10s − 6 = 0 118. s 4 + 2. 5x − 6 = −26 105. your solution is correct. 4x + 3 = 11 102. 4 = 4a + 20 109. For 2 3 example. 106. let the unknown quantity be equal to the variable.

This was $8 less than three times its value at the beginning of the year. How many months will it be before he will sell the animal? 122.50 less than twice Bill’s hourly wage. What is Bill’s hourly wage? 123. At year’s end. how many boys participate? 51 Team-LRN .000 more than 1. 121. If the number of girls participating is 105. when he bought it.50 per hour. Jennifer earned $4. What was her salary at her previous employment? 125. She earned $64. He expects it to gain 12 pounds per month. a share of stock in Axon Corporation was worth $37. A farmer is raising a hog that weighed 20 lbs. What was the price of a share of Axon stock at the beginning of the year? 124. making an equation from the information given. Mary earns $1. and then solving the equation.000 at her new job. Mary earns $12. Twenty-ﬁve more girls than 3 the number of boys participate in inter2 scholastic sports at a local high school. He will sell it when it weighs 200 lbs.501 Algebra Questions Solve the following word problems by letting a variable equal the unknown quantity.5 times her former salary by changing jobs.

Perform numerical operations. Perform numerical operations. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Perform numerical operations. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Zero is the identity element for addition. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. 104. 52 Team-LRN . Zero is the identity element for addition. Zero is the identity element for addition. Regardless of what symbol is used. 103. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). { }. Subtract 21 from both sides of the equation. Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Associate like terms. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. or [ ]. 4x + 3 − 3 = 11 − 3 4x + (3 − 3) = (11 − 3) 4x + (0) = (8) 4x = 8 4x ÷ 4 = 8 ÷ 4 x=2 13x + 21 − 21 = 60 − 21 13x + (21 − 21) = (60 − 21) 13x + (0) = (39) 13x = 39 13x ÷ 13 = 39 ÷ 13 x=3 3x − 9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + −9 + 9 = 15 + 9 3x + (−9 + 9) = 15 + 9 3x + (0) = 24 3x = 24 3x ÷ 3 = 24 ÷ 3 x=8 5x − 6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + −6 + 6 = −26 + 6 5x + (−6 + 6) = −26 + 6 5x + (0) = −20 5x = −20 5x ÷ 5 = −20 ÷ 5 x = −4 Associate like terms. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Add 6 to each side of the equation. Associate like terms. 101. Add 9 to each side of the equation. 102. ( ). Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 13. Associate like terms.

Multiply both sides of the equation by 3. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. =6 x 7( 7 ) = 7(6) x = 42 36 + 9 = 3a − 9 + 9 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 36 + 9 = 3a + (−9 + 9) 45 = 3a + (0) 45 = 3a 45 ÷ 3 = 3a ÷ 3 15 = a 4 − 20 = 4a + 20 − 20 4 − 20 = 4a + (20 − 20) −16 = 4a + (0) −16 = 4a = 4 −4 = a 4 −16 107. Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms. Multiply both sides of the equation by 7. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 + 4 − 4 = 10 − 4 + (4 − 4) = 10 − 4 + (0) = 6 Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations. Add 5 to each side of the equation. Perform numerical operations. =6 x 3( 3 ) = 3(6) x = 18 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 x 7 106. Divide both sides of the equation by 10.501 Algebra Questions 105. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations. −5+5=1+5 + −5 + 5 = 1 + 5 + (−5 + 5) = 1 + 5 + (0) = 6 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 4a 109. Perform numerical operations. Add 9 to each side of the equation.2 or 10a 10 2 1 5 53 Team-LRN . Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Associate like terms. 10a + 5 − 5 = 7 − 5 10a + (5 − 5) = 7 − 5 10a + (0) = 2 10a = 2 = 10 a = 0. Zero is the identity element for addition. Zero is the identity element for addition. Associate like terms. 108.

54 Team-LRN .3a = 0. Associate like terms.75 = 0. Associate like terms. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 the reciprocal of 3 .25 − 0.75 Associate like terms. 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m 2 3m + 8 − 8 = 20 − 8 + (8 − 8) = 20 − 8 + (0) = 12 = 12 3 = 2 (12) m = 18 9 + 3 = 4m − 3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + −3 + 3 9 + 3 = 4 m + (−3 + 3) 12 = 4 m + (0) 12 = 4 m = 3 ( 4 m) 16 = m 41 − 41 − 2m = 61 − 41 (41 − 41) − 2m = 61 − 41 (0) − 2m = 20 −2m = 20 −2m −2m −2 3 2 2 ( 3 m) 3 3 3 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. Divide both sides of the equation by Use the rules for operating with signed numbers.25 − 0. = 20 = 20 −2 m = −10 4m − 14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + −14 + 14 = 50 + 14 4m + (−14 + 14) = 50 + 14 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows.3. You can change the subtraction to addition and the sign of the term following to its opposite.25) = 1 − 0. Associate like terms. 3 3 3 4 3 (12) 4 3 Associate like terms. Perform numerical operations.3 a = 2.25 0. −2. 112. Subtract 0. Zero is the identity element for addition.25 0. Perform numerical operations.25 = 1 − 0.3a + 0. 113.25 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations. Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. Zero is the identity element for addition.3a + (0) = 0. 0.3 0. Add 14 to each side of the equation. 111.3a 0.75 0. Zero is the identity element for addition. Subtract 41 from both sides of the equation.5 0. Simplify the result. Multiply both sides of the equation by the reciprocal of 4 .501 Algebra Questions 110. Perform numerical operations. which in this case is −2m. 114. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Add 3 to both sides of the equation.3a + (0. Zero is the identity element for addition.

5 7m 7 3. 4m + (0) = 64 4m = 64 = 4 m = 16 4m 4 64 115. Express the answer in the simplest form.5 + 6 7m + (−6 + 6) = −2. Perform numerical operations. Associate like terms. This equation presents a slightly different look. Divide both sides of the equation by 4.5 5 2 2 ( 5 )m 116. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. There are two methods for solving. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Add 6 to each side of the equation.5 + 6 7m + (0) = 3. Associate like terms.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations. Subtract 16 from both sides of the equation. Perform numerical operations. The variable in the numerator has a coefﬁcient. Zero is the identity element for addition. Add 6 to each side of the equation. Use rules for multiplying whole numbers and fractions. Perform numerical operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 10.5 + 6 7m + −6 + 6 = −2. 5 2 = ( 2 )8 m = 20 7m − 6 + 6 = −2. Associate like terms. Zero is the identity element for addition. Multiply both sides of the equation by 5. 117. 10s − 6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + −6 + 6 = 0 + 6 10s + (−6 + 6) = 0 + 6 10s + (0) = 6 10s 10 Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. 55 = 3 5 6 10 s= = 0.5 = 7 m = 0. Or you can recognize that Then you would multiply by the reciprocal of the coefﬁcient. 2m 5 + 16 − 16 = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (16 − 16) = 24 − 16 2m 5 + (0) = 8 2m 5 =8 2m 5( 5 ) = 5(8) 5 2m 1 ( 5 ) = 40 5 · 2m 1 · 5 = 40 10m 5 2m 2 2m 5 = 40 40 2m = 40 Divide both sides by 2. = 2 m = 20 = ( 5 )m.6 Team-LRN .

50 56 Team-LRN .50 + 1.7 from both sides of the equation. An equation that represents these words would be Subtract 20 from both sides of the equation. s 4 s 4 s 4 + 2. Perform numerical operations. −80 = −s Zero is the identity element for addition. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation.7 − 2. Associate like terms. The number of months (x). The equation representing the last statement would be Add 1. Associate like terms. You are to solve for s. 12x + 20 − 20 = 200 − 20 12x + (20 − 20) = 200 − 20 12x + (0) = 180 12x 12 180 = 12 x = 15 The farmer would have to wait 15 months before selling his hog.7 + (2. Divide both sides of the equation by 8.501 Algebra Questions 118.50 is equal to Mary’s hourly wage. 8s 8 40 − 25 = 25 − 25 − s Change subtraction to addition and change −55 + −25 = 25 + −25 + −s the sign of the term that follows.50. you −1(−80) = −1(−s) will be left with a +s or just s. 80 = s 121.50 to both sides of the equation. Subtract 2. Use the rules for operating with signed numbers.2 8s − 5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + −5 + 5 = 35 + 5 8s + (−5 + 5) = 35 + 5 8s + (0) = 40 = 8 s=5 −55 119. If you multiply both sides by −1. Perform numerical operations.50 = 12. Let x = Bill’s hourly wage. 2x − 1.50 = 12. Then 2x less $1. Change subtraction to addition and change the sign of the term that follows. but the term remaining is −s.7 − 2. Associate like terms. times 12 (pounds per month).3 s Associate like terms.3) s = 1. 4( 4 ) = 4(0. 12x + 20 = 200. 122.7 + (0) = 0. Multiply both sides of the equation by 4. plus the starting weight (20). Add 5 to each side of the equation. Perform numerical operations. 2x − 1. will be equal to 200 pounds. (−55 + −25) = (25 + −25) + −s −80 = (0) + −s Perform numerical operations.7 = 3 − 2. Divide both sides of the equation by 12.50 + 1. Let x = the number of months. Express the answer in simplest form. 120.7) = 3 − 2.

00 = 2 x = 7. An equation that represents this amount is Add 8 to both sides of the equation. Let x = the number of boys who participate in interscholastic sports. The statements tell us that if we multiply the share price at the beginning of the year by 3 and then subtract $8.000. 125.00 per hour. An algebraic equation to represent this statement is 64. The number of boys who participate is 120.000 1. 2 2 3 x + 25 = 105.000 = x Jennifer’s former salary was $40.000 − 4. 2x = 14. 1.000 is equal to 1. The statements tell us that $64.5x Divide both sides of the 60.5 times x plus $4.5x + 4. Multiply by the reciprocal of 3 . 64. 60.000. Bill’s hourly wage is $7. Let x = her previous salary. Subtract 4. The question tells us 2 that 3 the number of boys plus 25 is equal to the number of girls who participate. 124. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. 3x − 8 + 8 = 37 + 8 3x = 45 3x 3 45 = 3 x = 15 One share of Axon cost $15 at the beginning of the year.5 = 1. An equation that represents this statement is Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation.00 2x 2 14.00 123.5x equation by 1.000 from both sides of the equation. Let x = the share price at the beginning of the year. 3x − 8 = 37.501 Algebra Questions Perform numerical operations.5 40. Perform numerical operations. Perform numerical operations.000 = 1.000 = 1. Divide both sides of the equation by 2.000 per year. it will equal $37.000 = 1. 2 3 x + 25 − 25 = 2 3 x = 80 3 2 3 2 ( 3 x) = 2 (80) 105 − 25 x = 120 57 Team-LRN .000 − 4.000 Perform numerical operations.5x + 4.5.

but you are getting the correct answers. 6 Tips for Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of the Equation Use the distributive property of multiplication to expand and separate terms. If your sequence of steps is not identical to the solution shown. And it demonstrates your mastery of the processes involved in doing algebra. Work through the questions carefully. and refer to the answer explanations as you try and solve the equations by yourself. Then check your answers with the solutions provided. There is often more than one way to ﬁnd a solution. you will move easily into this chapter. that’s all right. Team-LRN .Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides of an Equation If you have been solving the problems in this book with some success. Notice that what follows are variations on the basic distributive property.

and divide variables on both sides of an equation just as you did with numerical values.3 + 5x − 0. 3x + 12 − 0. a set containing no elements. 13x + 3(3 − x) = −3(4 + 3x) − 2x 140. which we know is not true—there is said to be no solution for the equation.4 − 0. you have found the solution.4 136. remember that you can add. 10x + 9 = 2x − 7 127. 2x + 17 − 1. 10x + 27 − 5x − 46 = 32 + 3x − 19 130. 2(2x + 19) − 9x = 9(13 − x) + 21 141. the solution is the null set—that is. therefore there are an inﬁnite number of solutions. is equal to itself.1 = −1. 3(5x + 4) = 5x − 28 138. 126.3 = 4x + 2 134.8x = 3. In that instance. 5x + 3 + 6x = 10x + 9 − x 129. 7(x + 2) + 1 = 3(x + 14) − 4x 137. you ﬁnd that the solution seems to be the variable.25 = 1. subtract. multiply. 20x − 11 − 3x = 9x + 43 131. Stated another way.15 − 2x 132. 0. 13 − 8(x − 2) = 7(x + 4) + 46 139. In another instance.8x − 9. 3x − 23 = 54 − 4x 128. Find the solutions for the following equations.501 Algebra Questions a(b − c) = ab − ac −1(b + c) = −b − c −1(b − c) = −b + c or −(b − c) = −b + c The object is to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. any value can make the equation true. In the instance where you have eliminated the variable altogether from the equation and end up with two values that do not equal each other—such as 5 = 7. 2 + 5x − 0.2x + 11 133. When the variable stands alone on one side of the equation. There are two instances that sometimes occur when solving equations.2 − 3x 135. As you begin to practice solving the following equations. 1.4 + 3x − 0.2x = 10 − 0. or some number. 12x − 4(x − 1) = 2(x − 2) + 16 59 Team-LRN .

3(3x + 4) − 7 = 13(x + 1) 149. 7(x − 10) + 110 = 4(x − 25) + 7x 150.3(3 − 0.7(0. 0. 5 2 (x − 2) + 3x = 3(x + 1 1 6( 2 x + 2 ) = 3(x + 1) 4 2) − 10 145.2x − 1) = 0.2x) 146. 4(9 − x) = 2x − 6(x + 6) 148.9x 60 Team-LRN . 144. 2x + 1 5 x = 1 + 3x 143.8(x + 20) − 4. 10(x + 2) + 7(1 − x) = 3(x + 9) 147. 0.7(5 + x) − 0.5 = 0.501 Algebra Questions 142.

Solution. Simplify. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Add 23 to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. Substitute −2 for x in the original equation. Now add 4x to both sides. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 126. { }.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. or [ ]. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Let’s check the answer. Simplify. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). ( ). Underlined equations show the simpliﬁed result. Simplify by combining like terms. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 3x − 23 + 23 = 54 + 23 − 4x 3x + 0 = 77 − 4x 3x = 77 − 4x 3x + 4x = 77 − 4x + 4x 7x = 77 = 7 x = 11 7x 7 77 127. Regardless of what symbol is used. Identity property of 0 for addition. Simplify. Simplify. Identity property of 0 for addition. 61 Team-LRN . Simplify. so this answer is a correct solution. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 10x + 9 − 9 = 2x − 7 − 9 10x + (0) = 2x − 16 10x = 2x − 16 10x − 2x = 2x − 2x − 16 8x = −16 = 8 1x = −2 x = −2 8x 8 −16 10(−2) + 9 = 2(−2) − 7 −20 + 9 = −4 − 7 −11 = −11 The result is a true statement. Simplify.

Let’s check this answer. Add and subtract from left to right.501 Algebra Questions 128. Simplify. Now subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Simplify by multiplying factors. Substitute 16 for x in the original equation. Subtract 3 from both sides. of addition with like terms. Divide both sides by 2. Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation to isolate the variable on one side of the equation. 10x − 5x + 27 − 46 = 3x + 32 − 19 5x − 19 = 3x + 13 5x + 19 − 19 = 3x + 19 + 13 5x = 3x + 32 5x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 32 2x = 32 = 2 x = 16 2x 2 32 10(16) + 27 − 5(16) − 46 = 32 + 3(16) − 19 (160) + 27 − (80) − 46 = 32 + (48) − 19 62 Team-LRN . Simplify. therefore. Use the commutative property of addition with like terms. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify. Add 19 to both sides of the equation. the solution is correct. Simplify. Simplify. Parentheses are not needed. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property 5x + 6x + 3 = 10x − x + 9 11x + 3 = 9x + 9 11x + 3 − 3 = 9x + 9 − 3 11x = 9x + 6 11x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 6 2x = 6 =2 x=3 2x 2 6 187 − 80 − 46 = 80 −19 107 − 46 = 61 61 = 61 The previous statement is true. 129. Divide both sides of the equation by 2.

Use the commutative property with = 1 5 1 5 x= like terms.8x + 17 = 21 − 0.15 = 1.15 − 2x 3x + 0.2x 0.75 3x + 0. Add 0. Add 2x to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.501 Algebra Questions 130.8x = 4 − 0.2x = 4 − 0. 132.25 = 1. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. Simplify. Simplify.8x + 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify.2x 0.2x + 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Add 11 to both sides of the equation.15 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0. 131. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 2x − 1. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property to move 20x − 3x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x − 11 = 9x + 43 17x + 11 − 11 = 9x + 43 + 11 17x = 9x + 54 17x − 9x = 9x − 9x + 54 8x = 54 = 8 x = 6. Subtract 17 from both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 8.15 − 0. Use the commutative property to move like terms. Identity property of addition.15 = 1.8x + 17 − 17 = 21 − 17 − 0.2x to both sides of the equation.2x 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2x + 17 = 10 + 11 − 0.2x 0. Identity property of multiplication.15 − 0.4 − 0.15 − 2x 3x + (0) = 1 − 2x 3x = 1 − 2x 3x + 2x = 1 − 2x + 2x 5x = 1 5x 5 8x 8 54 like terms. Simplify the expression.2x 1x = 4 x=4 63 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression.

15 − 2x 3x + 2x + 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 5.4 − 0. Instead of adding 1.15) = 1.7 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression.3 = x The answer will be the same.15 5x + 0 = 1 5x = 1 =5 x = 0.15 − 2x 3x + 0. Identity property of addition. 3x + 0. Use the commutative property with like terms. 5x = 4x + 0. Add 2x to both sides of the equation.7 − 1.3 Combine like terms on each side of the equation.15 − 0. Associate like terms on each side of the equation. Associate like terms.15 = 1. 5x − 5x − 0.3 Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation. 64 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. try subtracting 2 from both sides of the equation.15 from both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms.3 Let’s try this a slightly different way. 5x − 4x = 4x − 4x + 0.3 = 4x + 2 Combine like terms and simplify the expression. Simplify.4 − 0.25 = 1.15 = 1.7 = 4x + 2 Subtract 1. 5x + 2 − 0. 5x + 1.15 = 1. you can manipulate an equation many ways and still get the correct solution. x = 0. As long as you do proper math.25) = 1. −1 = −1 Dividing like signs results in a positive.3 −x the variable x which is −1. Subtract 0. 5x − 0.3 = −x equation. 0.15 − 2x 3x + (0.7 = 4x + 2 − 1. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.15 = 1.7 − 2 = 4x + 2 − 2 Combine like terms on each side of the equation.15 − 0. 5x + 1.7 Combine like terms and simplify the expression. 5x + 1. Simplify the expression.15 − 2x 3x + (0. Remove the parentheses.3 = 4x Now subtract 5x from both sides of the equation.15 5x + 0.15 + 2x − 2x (3x + 2x) + 0.15 + (2x − 2x) 5x + 0. Now divide both sides by the coefﬁcient of −0.501 Algebra Questions 133.3 = 4x − 5x Combine like terms on each side of the −0.2 5x 5 1 134.15 = 1.7.

8x 2.8x 2. Divide both sides of the equation by 8. 7(x) + 7(2) + 1 = 3(x) + 3(14) − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x + 42 − 4x 7x + 14 + 1 = 3x − 4x + 42 7x + 15 = −1x + 42 7x + 15 − 15 = −1x + 42 − 15 7x = −1x + 27 7x + x = x + −1x + 27 8x = 27 8x 8 = x= 27 8 3 38 65 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 135. Identity property of addition.4 − 9.8x + 12 = 3.8x 3x = −18 = 3 x = −6 3x 3 −18 multiplication. Add x to both sides of the equation.2x = −18 − 0. 136.8x) + 12 = (3.4 − 9. Simplify the expression.8x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Associate like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8x 2.2x + 12 = −6 − 0. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 3.2x + 12 − 12 = −6 − 12 − 0.8x 2.2x + (0) = (−18) − 0. Simplify the expression.4) − 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms.8x 2.8x = −18 + 0. Simplify the expression.8x (3x − 0. Use the commutative property with like terms.8x 2. Use the distributive property of 3x − 0. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation.2x + 0. Add 0. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation.4 − 0. Associate like terms on each side of the equation.8x − 0.2x + (12 − 12) = (−6 − 12) − 0.

Add 8x to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 137. Simplify the expression. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 10. Divide both sides of the equation by 15. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of 13 − 8(x) − 8(−2) = 7(x) + 7(4) + 46 13 − 8x + 16 = 7x + 28 + 46 13 + 16 − 8x = 7x + 28 + 46 29 − 8x = 7x + 74 29 + 8x − 8x = 8x + 7x + 74 29 = 15x + 74 29 − 74 = 15x + 74 − 74 −45 −45 = 15x 15x = 15 −3 = x 15 multiplication. Add 11x to both sides of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms. Use the commutative property with like terms. 139. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of 3(5x) + 3(4) = 5x − 28 15x + 12 = 5x − 28 15x + 12 − 12 = 5x − 28 − 12 15x = 5x − 40 15x − 5x = 5x − 5x − 40 10x = −40 = 10 −4 x= 10x 10 −40 multiplication. 138. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 13x + 3(3) − 3(x) = −3(4) − 3(3x) − 2x 13x + 9 − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 13x − 3x = −12 − 9x − 2x 9 + 10x = −12 − 11x 9 + 10x + 11x = −12 − 11x + 11x 9 + 21x = −12 9 − 9 + 21x = −12 − 9 66 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 74 from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the commutative property with like terms. Simplify the expression. Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. 2(2x) + 2(19) − 9x = 9(13) − 9(x) + 21 4x + 38 − 9x = 117 − 9x + 21 38 + 4x − 9x = 117 + 21 − 9x 38 − 5x = 138 − 9x 38 − 38 − 5x = 138 − 38 − 9x −5x −5x = 100 − 9x + 9x = 100 − 9x + 9x 4x = 100 = 4 x = 25 4x 4 100 2(2(25) + 19) − 9(25) = 9(13 − (25)) + 21 2(50 + 19) − 225 = 9(−12) + 21 2(69) − 225 = −108 + 21 138 − 225 = −87 −87 = −87 The solution is correct. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. 140. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Add 9x to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 21. 67 Team-LRN . Use order of operations. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Subtract 38 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the distributive property of 21x = −21 = 21 −1 x= 21x 21 −21 multiplication.

Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. 48 3 − 4 3 = − 3 + 16 4 3 4 Add 4 to both sides of the 3 48 4 equation. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Change whole numbers to fractional equivalents. Simplify the expression. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. 142. Remember that division by a fraction is the same as multiplication by the reciprocal 5 of the fraction. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3 + 3 − Simplify the expression. You can multiply by 4 . Now let’s check the answer by substituting the solution into the original equation. = 4 3 − 4 3 + 16 3 5 x = 1 + 3x 3 5 x − 3x = 1 + 3x − 3x 4 5x 4 4 Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. 143. Use the distributive property =1 5 4 4 ( 5 x) 5 x= 4 = 4 (1) 5 on both sides. 5 5 2 (x) − 2 (2) + 3x = 3(x) + 3(2) 5 2 x − 5 + 3x = 3x + 6 − 10 − 10 68 Team-LRN . so this solution is correct. Reduce fractions to simplest terms. Simplify the expression. 16 = 16 A true statement. Simplify the equation by adding like terms. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 141. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation. Operate inside the parentheses ﬁrst. 4 Divide both sides of the equation by 5 . 12x − 4(x) − 4(−1) = 2(x) + 2(−2) + 16 12x − 4x + 4 = 2x − 4 + 16 8x + 4 = 2x + 12 8x + 4 − 4 = 2x + 12 − 4 8x = 2x + 8 8x − 2x = 2x − 2x + 8 6x = 8 6x 6 = 4 3 8 6 x= x = 13 12( 3 ) − 4(( 3 ) − 1) = 2(( 3 ) − 2) + 16 4 4 4 1 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 − 3 ) = 2( 3 − 3 ) + 16 12( 3 ) − 4( 3 ) = 2( 3 ) + 16 4 1 −2 4 4 3 4 6 Multiply.

Simplify the expression.06x to both sides of the equation.2x) 0.3(3) − 0.14x + 0. A simple way to avoid having to operate with fractions is to multiply the equation by a factor that will eliminate the denominator. Use the distributive property.06x 0. 3 = 3 Simplify the expression.2x − 0.7(0.2x = 1.7 + 0. Add 0.6 = x=8 69 0.3(0.7 = 0.2x 0. Subtract 6x from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property on both sides. Divide both sides of the equation by 0. Add 10 to both sides of the equation.6 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Use the distributive property on both sides.9 − 0.6x + 0. Simplify the expressions.2x) − 0. Simplify the expression. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2 1.7 to both sides of the equation. that would be a 2. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation.7 = 0.06x 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.9 − 0.06x − 0.9 0.7 = 0. 145.7(1) = 0.501 Algebra Questions Use the commutative property with like terms. 6( 2 x) + 6( 2 ) = 3(x) + 3(1) 3x + 3 = 3x + 3 3x + 3 − 3 = 3x + 3 − 3 3x = 3x 3x 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3.7 0.2 Team-LRN . Simplify the expression.2x − 0.14x − 0. Simplify the expressions. x=x There are an inﬁnite number of solutions for this equation.9 + 0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.2. Add 0. 5 2x + 3x − 5 = 3x + 6 − 10 2( 2 x + 3x − 5) = 2(3x + 6 − 10) 2( 2 x) + 2(3x) − 2(5) = 2(3x) + 2(6) − 2(10) 5x + 6x − 10 = 6x + 12 − 20 11x − 10 = 6x − 8 11x − 10 + 10 = 6x − 8 + 10 11x = 6x + 2 11x − 6x = 6x − 6x + 2 5x = 2 5x 5 5 5 = 2 5 2 5 1 1 x= 144.7 = 0. 0. In this case.

147. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Simplify the expression. 3x + 27 − 27 = 3x + 27 − 27 Simplify the expression. 10x − 7x + 20 + 7 = 3x + 27 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 10(x) + 10(2) + 7(1) − 7(x) = 3(x) + 3(9) Simplify the expression. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 10x + 20 + 7 − 7x = 3x + 27 Use the commutative property with like terms. There is no solution for this equation. Simplify the expressions. x=x The solutions for this equation are inﬁnite. 36 + 4x − 4x = 4x − 4x − 36 Combine like terms on each side of the equation. 4(9) − 4(x) = 2x − 6(x) − 6(6) Simplify the expressions. Subtract 9x from both sides of the equation. 36 − 4x = 2x − 6x − 36 Combine like terms. 36 − 4x = −4x − 36 Add 4x to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Subtract 13 from both sides of the equation. 36 = −36 This is not true. Another way of saying this is to say that the solution for this equation is the null set. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. 3x = 3x Divide both sides of the equation by 3. 3(3x) + 3(4) − 7 = 13(x) + 13(1) 9x + 12 − 7 = 13x + 13 9x + 5 = 13x + 13 9x − 9x + 5 = 13x − 9x + 13 5 = 4x + 13 5 − 13 = 4x + 13 − 13 −8 −8 148. 3x + 27 = 3x + 27 Looking familiar? Subtract 27 from both sides.501 Algebra Questions 146. = 4x 4x = 4 −2 = x 4 70 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication.

10x = −80 Divide both sides of the −80 10x equation by 10. 7(x) − 7(10) + 110 = 4(x) − 4(25) + 7x 7x − 70 + 110 = 4x − 100 + 7x 7x + 40 = 11x − 100 7x + 40 − 40 = 11x − 100 − 40 7x = 11x − 140 7x − 11x = 11x − 11x − 140 −4x −4x −4 = −140 −140 = −4 x = 35 150. 10[0. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.8(x + 20) − 4. 10[0. 8x + 115 − 115 = 35 − 115 − 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Combine like terms on each side of the equation.7(5 + x)] − 10[0. Subtract 11x from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 149. In this equation. 8x + 2x = −80 − 2x + 2x Combine like terms on each side of the equation.9x] Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by −4.7(5 + x) − 0. 10 = 10 Simplify the expression.9x] Simplify the expressions. 8x = −80 − 2x Add 2x to both sides of the equation. 8(x + 20) − 45 = 7(5 + x) − 9x Use the distributive property again. 8x + 115 = 35 − 2x Subtract 115 from both sides of the equation. You should look for opportunities to simplify your work. 8(x) + 8(20) − 45 = 7(5) + 7(x) − 9x Simplify the expressions. x = −8 71 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. it might make it easier for you.8(x + 20)] − 10[4. Simplify the expressions. many of the terms are in decimal form. Subtract 40 from both sides of the equation.5] = 10[0. Simplify the expressions.5] = 10[0. 8x + 160 − 45 = 35 + 7x − 9x Combine like terms on each side of the equation. If you multiply the equation by 10.

Then you will be asked to solve the equation for the missing variable. These word problems require you to ﬁnd an unknown value in a formula. You will be using your algebra problem solving skills in every problem. In this chapter. Put a question mark next to the equal sign in place of the value for the unknown variable. Team-LRN . Algebra is a useful skill to know when faced with problems in these areas. w = width. you will have the chance to solve word problems that could pop up in any one of these subject areas. Select from these formulas the appropriate one to solve the following word problems: Volume of a rectangular solid: V = lwh where l = length.Using Formulas to Solve Equations Chances are you have been asked to use formulas to solve problems in math. social studies. 7 Tips for Using Formulas to Solve Equations Given a formula with several variables. Keep in mind the rules for order of operations. It can be helpful to list each variable with its given value. h = height. science. you will generally be given values for all but one. or technology.

How long will it take for a $3. Over a three year period. 151. A bicycle tour group planned to travel 68 miles between two New England towns. Simple interest: I = prt where p = principal. A hiking group wanted to travel along a chapter of the Appalachian Trail for 3 days. A rectangular container has a volume of 98 ft3.620. and its width is 3. Fahrenheit/Celsius equivalence: C = 9 (F − 32) Volume of a cylinder: V = πr 2h (let π = 3. What are the lengths of the bases.000 in interest over 2 years at an annual rate of 4%.500 loan was $1. 152. A trapezoid with an area of 240 square inches has a height of 12 inches. They planned to hike 6 hours per day and wanted to complete a trail chapter that was 45 miles long. Area of a trapezoid: A = 2 h(b1 + b2) where h = height and b1 and b2 are the bases. How long would the trip take if they averaged 17 miles per hour for the trip? 155. What rate of speed would they have to average to complete the trail chapter as planned? 156. its rooﬂine measured 40 feet.501 Algebra Questions Distance formula: D = rt where r = rate. and the surface area of one side was 7. If the length of the box is 7 ft.000 savings account to double its value at a simple interest rate of 10%? 160. width is 9 5 1 cm.14).5 hours. r = interest rate. how much principal must be put into a savings account? 159. h = height of cylinder (let π = 3. At an interest rate of 6%. what is its height? 153. What is the area of a trapezoid whose height is 8 cm and whose bases are 12 cm and 16 cm? 161. What would be the height of a trapezoidal building if at its base it measured 80 feet. the total interest paid on a $4. An airplane ﬂies at an average velocity of 350 miles per hour. How far is it from Miami to Aruba? 154. In order to earn $1. What was the interest rate? 158.000 earn over 2 years? 157.14) where r = radius and h = height Surface area of a cylinder: S = 2πr (r + h) where r = radius of the base. how much interest would $12.200 ft2? 162. if the lower base is three times the length of the upper? 73 Team-LRN .5 ft. Find the volume of a rectangular solid whose length is 12 cm. A ﬂight from Miami to Aruba takes 3. and height is 4 cm. t = time. t = time in years.

You plan to visit a tropical island where the daytime temperature can reach 45° Celsius. 167. What is the height of a cylinder whose surface area is 282. What would that temperature be on the Fahrenheit scale? 164.12 cubic centimeters and whose height is 12 centimeters. What would Jeff ’s low temperature limit be in that country? (Round your answer to the nearest degree. Find the radius and the height of the cylinder. He is going to a country where the temperature is reported in Celsius. What is its surface area? 169. If its radius is 12 feet. what is its height to the nearest foot? 168. A steel drum has a base with a radius of 2 feet and a height of 4 feet.565 cubic feet.501 Algebra Questions 163. 74 Team-LRN . A cylinder has a surface area of 2. The height of the cylinder is three times the radius of the base of the cylinder. The volume of a cylindrical aquarium tank is 13.6 square inches and whose radius is 3 inches? 170. Find the radius of a cylinder whose volume is 339. Jeff won’t play golf if the temperature falls below 50° Fahrenheit. The radius of the base of a cylinder is 20 cm. What is its volume in cubic feet? 166.) 165. The height of the cylinder is 40 cm.512 square feet.

it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Write the appropriate formula. List the values for the variables. or [ ].5) D = 1. ( ). the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.5 D = (350)(3.5 h=? 98 = (7)(3. 153. Substitute the values into the formula. Divide both sides of the equation by 24.5 4=h h = 4 feet 98 24. Include the units. Substitute the values into the formula. Include the units. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Simplify the expression. Include the units. Write the applicable formula.5)h 98 = 24. Once a single number appears within these parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.225 D = 1. Simplify the expression. 152. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Write the applicable formula. The simpliﬁed result is underlined. 151. Regardless of what symbol is used. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). { }. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. D = rt D=? r = 350 t = 3.5h = 24.5.5h List the values for the variables. Substitute the values for the variables. V = lwh V=? l = 12 cm w = 9 cm h = 4 cm V = (12)(9)(4) V = 432 V = 432 cm3 V = lwh V = 98 l=7 w = 3. List the values for the variables.5 24. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.225 miles 75 Team-LRN .

620 = (4. Substitute the given values into the formula. Calculate the total number of hours. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula. List the values for the variables. Divide both sides of the equation by 17. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.500r List the values for the variables. List the values for the variables. 158. D = rt D = 68 r = 17 t=? 68 = (17)t 68 = 17t = 17 4=t 4 hours = t D = rt D = 45 r=? 6 hrs 3 days · day = 18 hrs. Simplify the expression.620 p = 4. 156. Include the units.501 Algebra Questions 154.500)r (3) 1. Substitute the given values into the formula. t = 18 45 = r (18) 45 = 18r = 18 2. Simplify the expression.500 0. Divide both sides of the equation by 18.5 = r 45 18 18r 68 17 17t List the values for the variables.5 miles per hour = r I = prt I=? p = 12. Include the units.620 = 13. 2. Substitute the given values into the formula. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression.12 = r 12% = r I = prt I = 1.06)(2) I = 1.000 p=? r = 4% t=2 76 1620 13500 13.500r = 13.440 I = $1.000)(0.440 I = prt I = 1. Include the units. Write the applicable formula. Divide both sides of the equation by 13.500. Substitute the values for the variables. 155. Write the applicable formula.000 r = 6% t=2 I = (12. Simplify the expression.500 r=? t=3 1. Team-LRN . Express as a percent. 157. List the values for the variables.

000 = 0. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.000 300 300t List the values for the variables. Write the applicable formula.000 in interest. 159. 160.200 b1 = 40 b2 = 80 h=? 1 7. Divide both sides of the equation by 60.08p To double its value.200 60 60h 1 1 List the values for the variables. I = 3. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.08 12.000 0. 161. Write the applicable formula.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the given values into the formula. Substitute the given values into the formula.08p = 0. 77 Team-LRN .08 0.000 = p(0. the account would have to earn $3. · 8 · (12 + 16) · 8 · 28 Include the units.000)(0.08. Divide both sides of the equation by 300.500 = p I = prt 1. Substitute the given values into the formula. List the values for the variables.500 = p $12.200 = 2 · h · (40 + 80) 7.000 r = 10% t=? 3. 1. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression.000 = (3.000 p = 3. Include the units.10)t 3. Divide both sides of the equation by 0.04)(2) 1.200 = 2 · h · 120 7. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.000 = 300t = 300 10 = t 10 years = t A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A=? b1 = 12 b2 = 16 h=8 A= A= 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 3.200 = 60 h = 60 120 = h 120 ft = h 7. Include the units. Simplify the expression. A = · 224 A = 112 A = 112 cm2 A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 7. Include the units.

List the values for the variables. C = 9 (F − 32) C=? F = 50 C = 9 (50 − 32) C = 9 (18) C = 9( 1 ) C = 10 5 18 5 5 78 Team-LRN . · 12 · (x + 3x) 240 = · 12 · 4x 240 = 6 · 4x 240 = 24x = 24 10 = x b = 10 b2 = 3(10) b2 = 30 C = 9 (F − 32) C = 45 F=? 45 = 9 (F − 32) 5 9(45) = 9[ 9 (F − 32)] 405 = 5(F − 32) 405 = 5F − 5(32) 405 = 5F − 160 405 + 160 = 5F + 160 − 160 565 = 5F = 5 113 = F 5 565 5 5F 5 5 240 24 24x Divide both sides of the equation by 24. List the values for the variables. Add 160 to both sides of the equation. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. Multiply both sides of the equation by 9. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.501 Algebra Questions 162. 163. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. A = 2 h(b1 + b2) A = 240 b1 = x b2 = 3x h = 12 240 = 1 2 1 2 1 Substitute the given values into the formula. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula. Substitute the given values into the formula. Write the applicable formula. Substitute 10 for x in the list of variables. 164. Simplify the expression. List the values for the variables.

Simplify the expression.12 37. Substitute the given values into the formula.16. Include the units. 166.565 r = 12 h=? π = 3.14 13.68 r2 9 = r2 3=r 3 cm = r 339.14)(20)(20 + 40) S = 7.16h 452. Include the units. Simplify the expression.14)(12 2)h 13. Substitute the given values into the formula. 168. Divide both sides of the equation by 37. Write the applicable formula.24 V = 50.536 cm2 79 Team-LRN .68. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression.14 V = (3.68 List the values for the variables.16h 30 = h 30 feet = h 13.14 S = 2(3. 167.536 S = 7. V = πr2h V = 13.14)(2)2(4) V = 50.68 List the values for the variables. Simplify the expression. Write the applicable formula. Simplify the expression. Substitute the given values into the formula.565 = 452.501 Algebra Questions 165. Include the units.12 r=? h = 12 π = 3. V = πr2h V=? r=2 h=4 π = 3.14)r2(12) 339. List the values for the variables.16 List the values for the variables.565 = (3.24 ft3 V = πr2h V = 339.565 452. Simplify the expression.16 = 452. = 37.68r2 37.12 = (3. Include the units. Substitute the given values into the formula.14 339. S = 2πr (r + h) S=? r = 20 h = 40 π = 3.12 = 37. Divide both sides of the equation by 452. Write the applicable formula.

Divide both sides of the equation by 25. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 2.08 18. = 12 = h 12 in = h 8.84 226. Simplify the expression.84(3 + h) 282. Substitute the value for x into the values list.12 100 = x2 10 = x 2. 170.84h 18. Write the applicable formula. Solve for x.52 + 18. r = x = 10 feet h = 3x = 3(10) = 30 feet 80 Team-LRN .6 − 56. List the values for the variables.6 = 2(3. Include the units.52 − 56.08 = 18.14 282.84 List the values for the variables.512 = 6.52 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 56.52 = 56.84 Substitute the given values into the formula.14 2.84. Divide both sides of the equation by 18.84(3) + 18.501 Algebra Questions 169.28 x(4 x) = 25. Use the distributive property of multiplication.512 r=x h = 3x π = 3. Simplify the expression.14)(3)(3 + h) 282.12. S = 2πr (r + h) S = 282. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression.6 = 18.512 = 2(3.14)(x)(x + 3 x) 2.512 25. Write the applicable formula.84h 226.6 = 18. Simplify the expression.12x2 Substitute the given values into the formula.6 = 56.84 h 282.12 25. Simplify the expression.6 r=3 h=? π = 3.84(h) 282.52 + 18.

the slope is the rise over the run. we will focus on the slope and yintercept method. Another way of saying that is: The y-intercept is the place where the value of x is 0. the equation with two variables must be written in the form y = mx + b. the m value is a number that represents the slope of the solution graph and the b is a number that represents the y-intercept. Every point on the line is a solution for the equation. The y-intercept is the point where the solution graph (line) crosses the y-axis. Team-LRN . One method for graphing the solution is to use a table with x and y values that are solutions for the particular equation. The slope of a line is the ratio of the change in the y value over the change in the x value from one point on the solution graph to another. You select a value for x and solve for the y value. The solution of a linear equation is the set of ordered pairs that form a line on a coordinate graph. But in this chapter. That is. 8 Tips for Graphing Linear Equations ■ Rewrite the given equation in the form y = mx + b. The slope and y-intercept method may require you to change an equation into the slope-intercept form. Written in this form. From one point to another.Graphing Linear Equations This chapter asks you to ﬁnd solutions to linear equations by graphing.

y = 5x − 2 173. 2y + 4x = 10 181. y = −2x + 6 174. x = 7y − 14 185. Use the value of m as the slope of the equation. use a negative sign in only the numerator 3 3 −3 or the denominator. 3x + 12y = −18 187. y + 3x = −2 178.4x = −2 188. The value of m is = change in x . 20x − 15 = 5y 192. b). 7x = 4y + 8 191. y = 2 x − 3 176. That is the point (0. y − 2 x = 3 2 179. Write the slope as a fraction. 189. 3x + 9y = −27 183. −5x 3 5 1 1 − y = −2 7 184. If the value of m is a whole number. For example. 171. 2x + 5y = 30 180. Graph the following equations using the slope and y-intercept method. y − 0. y − 2x = 4 177. 0 = 2x + 3y 186.501 Algebra Questions ■ ■ ■ Use the b value to determine where the line crosses the y-axis. y = 2x + 3 172. 2 3y − 5 6x − 1 2x 1 3y =0 =2 190. not both. x − 3y = 15 182. 6y + 13x = 12 82 Team-LRN . − 4 = 4 = −4 . the slope is the whole change in y number over 1. If the value of m is negative. y = 4 x − 1 175.

6y + 27x = −42 For the following problems. 0.7y + 1. Write an equation that would represent the monthly bill of a user. Write an equation to represent the glider’s descent from an altitude of 200 feet. Write an equation to represent the cost of one day’s rental. 83 Team-LRN . 198. A scooter rental agency charges $20 per day plus $0. −34x + 85 = 17y 195. An Internet service provider charges $15 plus $0.4 194. it will lose 1 foot of altitude. Write an equation to represent this ratio. Write an equation to represent a diver’s cost for one week of diving at the resort. A dive resort rents scuba equipment at a weekly rate of $150 per week and charges $8 per tank of compressed air used during the week of diving.501 Algebra Questions 193. 199. A recent backyard bird count showed that one out of every six birds that visited backyard feeders was a chickadee. That is. 200. for every 25 feet it moves parallel to the ground.25 per hour of usage per month.1x = 0. 197. use the slope/y-intercept method to write an equation that would enable you to draw a graphic solution for each problem.05 per mile for the rental of a motor scooter. 196. A glider has a 25:1 descent ratio when there are no updrafts to raise its altitude.

5).3 + 2) or (1. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. { }.3). When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. 171. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. (0 + 1.5) (0. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Regardless of what symbol is used.3) x 84 Team-LRN . ( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. b=3 A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 2 change in y (1. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.

−2 + 5) or (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. A change in y of 5 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = 5 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 1. 5 change in y (1.3).−2).501 Algebra Questions 172.−2) 85 Team-LRN . b = −2.3) x (0.

2 change in y (0. b = 6.501 Algebra Questions 173. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4).6 − 2) or (1. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.6) (1.4) x 86 Team-LRN .6). (0 + 1.

2).−1).501 Algebra Questions 174. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−1) 87 Team-LRN . 3 change in y (4.2) x (0. b = −1.−1 + 3) or (4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 4.

2).−3) 88 Team-LRN .−3).501 Algebra Questions 175.−3 + 5) or (2. 5 change in y (2. b = −3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2) x (0. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 2.

Add 2x to both sides of the equation.4 + 2) or (1. Put the equation in the proper form. b = 4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.501 Algebra Questions 176.6).6) (0. 2 change in y (1. (0 + 1.4) x 89 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 2x − 2 x = 2x + 4 y = 2x + 4 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4).

−5) 90 Team-LRN . b = −2.−5).−2).−2 − 3) or (1. 3 change in y x (0. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 3x from both sides of the equation. (0 + 1. Put the equation in the proper form. A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point y y + 3x − 3x = − 3x − 2 y = − 3x − 2 m = −3 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 177.−2) (1.

3 ) x 91 Team-LRN . (0 + 2.3 2 + 1) or (2. 1 1 1 change in y 1 1 1 1 1 1 (2.3 2 ). A change in y of 1 and in x of 2 gives the point y 1 y + 2x − 2x = 2x + 32 y = 2x + 32 m = 2 = change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the equation.4 2 ). 1 b = 32.501 Algebra Questions 178. Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. Put the equation in the proper form.4 ) (0.

6) (5. Put the equation in the proper form.4) x 92 Team-LRN .4). Simplify the equation.6 − 2) or (5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the equation.6).501 Algebra Questions 179. b = 6. A change in y of −2 and in x of 5 gives the point y 2x − 2x + 5y = −2x + 30 5y = −2x + 30 5y 5 = y= y= (−2x + 30) 5 −2x 30 5 + 5 −2 5x + 6 −2 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. (0 + 5. Subtract 2x from both sides of the equation. change in y (0.

(0 + 1. Simplify the equation.3) x 93 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 180.5) (1. Subtract 4x from both sides of the equation. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 2y + 4x − 4x = −4x + 10 2y = −4x + 10 2y 2 = y= y = −2x + 5 (−4x + 10) 2 −4x 10 2 + 2 m = −2 = − 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation.5 − 2) or (1.5). Divide both sides of the equation by 2. 2 change in y (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 5.3). Put the equation in the proper form.

b = −5.−4). Add 3y to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation.−5 + 1) or (3. Put the equation in the proper form. 1 change in y 1 x (3. A change in y of 1 and in x of 3 gives the point y x 3 (1)(x) 1 x 1 x − 3y + 3y = 15 + 3y x = 15 + 3y x − 15 = 15 − 15 + 3y x − 15 = 3y (x − 15) 3y = 3 3 x 15 3 − 3 =y x 3 −5=y 1 3x − 5 = y y = 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 181. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. (0 + 3.−5) 94 Team-LRN . = (3)(1) = 3 · 1 = 3 x The equation is equivalent to the proper form. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation.−4) (0. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−5).

−4). A change in y of −1 and in x of 3 gives the point y (−x − 9) 3 −x 9 −3 3 −x −9 3 − 3 −1 3x − 3 1 change in y m = − 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Simplify the equation. = −9 x + 3y = −9 x − x + 3y = −x − 9 3y = −x − 9 3y 3 (3x + 9y) 3 3x 9y + 3 3 = −27 3 = y= y= y= The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form.−3) (3. Simplify the equation. b = −3. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. (0 + 3.−3 − 1) or (3. x (0.501 Algebra Questions 182.−3).−4) 95 Team-LRN .

Put the equation in the proper form. 1 (0. (0 + 1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−1 ) 96 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation.3 ) x (1. A change in y of −5 and in x of 1 gives the point of y 7 1 5x − 5x − y = 5x − −y 7 2 = 5x − 7 2 7 −1(−y) = −1(5x − 2 ) 7 2 5 change in y change in x 1 y = −5x + m = −5 = − 1 = 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add 5x to both sides of the equation.3 2 ).3 2 − 5) or (1.−1 2 ). Simplify the equation. b = 2 = 32.501 Algebra Questions 183. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1.

2 + 1) or (7. Add 14 to both sides of the equation. x + 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 x + 14 = 7y (x + 14) 7y = 7 7 x 7 +2=y 1 7x + 2 = y 1 y = 7x + 2 The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Put the equation in the proper form.501 Algebra Questions 184. Simplify the equation. 1 change in y (7.3) (0. b = 2. A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.3). (0 + 7. Simplify the equation.2).2) x 97 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the equation by 7.

Simplify the equation.−2). Put the equation in the proper form.0) (3.0). Divide both sides of the equation by −3. so b = 0. (0 + 3. (0.0 − 2) or (3. A change in y of −2 and in x of 3 gives the point y −3y −3y −3 0 − 3y = 2x + 3y − 3y = 2x = 2x −3 −2x 3 2 change in y change in x y= m = −3 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 3y from both sides of the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. There is no b showing in the equation.501 Algebra Questions 185. Simplify the equation.−2) x 98 Team-LRN .

501 Algebra Questions 186. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Subtract x from both sides of the equation.−1 2 − 1) or (4.−1 2 ). 2 A change in y of −1 and in x of 4 gives the point y = −6 x + 4y = −6 x − x + 4y = − x − 6 4y = − x − 6 4y 4 (3x + 12y) 3 3x 12y + 3 3 = −18 3 = y= y= (−x − 6) 4 −x 6 −4 4 −1x − 11 4 2 −1 m= 4 = change in y change in x 1 The y-intercept is at the point (0. Put the equation in the proper form. (0 + 4.−1 ) (4.−2 2 ). Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Simplify the equation.−2 ) 99 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation. 1 1 x (0. b = −3.

4 = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify the equation. Put the equation in the proper form.−2). b = −2. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4x − 0.4x to both sides of the equation.4x − 2 m = 0.4x = 0.−2) x 100 Team-LRN .0). (0 + 5.501 Algebra Questions 187.4x − 2 y = 0. 4 2 change in y (5. Add 0. A change in y of 2 and in x of 5 gives the point y y + 0.0) (0.−2 + 2) or (5.

501 Algebra Questions 188. Put the equation in the proper form.

Add 2 x to both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Multiply both sides of the 3 equation by 2 . Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

1

2 3y 2 3y

− 2x + 2x = 0 + 2x = 2x

1

1

1

1

3 2 3 1 2 ( 3 )y = 2 ( 2 x) 3 1y = 4 x 3 y = 4x

m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,0). (0 + 4,0 + 3) or (4,3).

3

change in y

(4,3) x

(0,0)

101

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 189. Simplify the equation. It would be easier to operate with an equation that

doesn’t have fractional coefﬁcients. So if you multiply the whole equation by the lowest common multiple of the denominators, you will have whole numbers with coefﬁcients. Multiply both sides of the 5 1 equation by 6. 6( 6 x − 3 y) = 6(2) Use the distributive 5 1 property of multiplication. 6( 6 x) − 6( 3 y) = 6(2) Simplify the equation. 5x − 2y = 12 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. 5x − 5x − 2y = −5x + 12 −2y = −5x + 12 Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the −2y −5x 12 equation by −2. − 2 = − 2 + −2 Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −6. A change in y of 5 and in x of 2 gives the point

y

**y = 2x − 6 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−6). (0 + 2,−6 + 5) or (2,−1).
**

5 change in y

5

x (2,−1)

(0,−6)

102

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 190. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 8 from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 4. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2. A change in y of 7 and in x of 4 gives the point

y

7x − 8 = 4y + 8 − 8 7x − 8 = 4y 4y = 7x − 8

4y 4

=

7

7x 4

−

8 4

**y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2). (0 + 4,−2 + 7) or (4,5).
**

7 change in y

(4,5)

x (0,−2)

103

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 191. Exchange the terms on each side

of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −3. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

y

5y = 20x − 15 = 5 − y = 4x − 3

4 5y 5 20x 15 5

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−3). (0 + 1,−3 + 4) or (1,1).

change in y

(1,1) x

(0,−3)

104

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 192. Put the equation in the proper form.

Subtract 13x from both sides of the equation. Simplify the equation. Divide both sides of the equation by 6. Simplify the equation. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −13 and in x of 6 gives the point

y

18 16 14 12 10 8 6

**6y + 13x − 13x = −13x + 12 6y = −13x + 12
**

6y 6

=

−13x

y=

6 −13 6 x

−13

+

12 6

+2

change in y

m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 6,2 − 13) or (6,−11).

2 −18 −16 −14 −12 −10 −8 −6 −4 −2 −2 −4 −6 −8 −10 −12 −14 −16 −18

(0,2)

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18

x

(6,−11)

105

Team-LRN

The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 1 change in y 1 x (7. if it would be easier for you to operate with whole number coefﬁcients instead of decimals to start. you could multiply the whole equation by 10.−1). 7y = x − 14 Divide both sides of the x 7y 14 equation by 7.1x) = 10(0. b = −2.4) Simplify the expression. A change in y of 1 and in x of 7 gives the point y y = 7x − 2 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 7 = 7 − 7 Simplify the equation. x = 7y + 14 Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation. x − 14 = 7y + 14 − 14 Simplify the equation.501 Algebra Questions 193. (0 + 7. then b = a.−2 + 1) or (7.−2) 106 Team-LRN . x − 14 = 7y If a = b.−2).7y + 1. Multiply both sides of the equation by 10. 10(0. Once again.−1) (0.

3). change in y (0.5).3) x 107 Team-LRN . Simplify the equation. Exchange the terms on each side of the equal sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 17. b = 5. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point y 17y = −34x + 85 = 17 + y = −2x + 5 −2 17y 17 −34x 85 17 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5 − 2) or (1. (0 + 1.5) (1.501 Algebra Questions 194.

Let x = horizontal movement.501 Algebra Questions 195. Simplify the coefﬁcient of x by a common factor of 3. −9 (−2.−7). The change in position of the glider is described by the slope. Forward is in the positive direction. Let y = vertical movement. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. −1 25 =m 108 Team-LRN . The change in y is −1 for every change change in y Slope = change in x = in x of +25. Divide both sides of the equation by 6.2). Add −27x to both sides of the equation. Ascending is in the positive direction. A change in y of 9 and in x of −2 gives the point y y= y= 27x 42 6 − 6 −27 6 x−7 2 x−7 9 change in y m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 − 2. Simplify the equation.−7) 196. b = − 7. Put the equation in the proper form.2) x (0.−7 + 9) or (−2. Descending is in the negative. 6y + 27x − 27x = −27x − 42 6y = −27x − 42 6y 6 =− −9 Simplify the equation.

b = 200 Using the standard form y = mx + b. Let x = the hours of Internet use for the month. Let y = the total cost for equipment. y = 0.0) and the slope = 6 = 1 .05 times the number of miles driven. Written as an equation. The costs for the month will equal $15 plus the $.15) 25 100 1 Let x = the number of miles driven in one day. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the daily charges plus the 0.501 Algebra Questions The starting position for the purposes of this graphic solution is at an altitude of 200 ft. or + 200. y = 8x + 150 Let x = the number of chickadees that visited the feeder. An equation that represents the statement would be: 6 The y-intercept is (0. y = 6x 109 Team-LRN .150) and the 8 slope = 8 = 1 . this information would be as follows: A graph of this equation would have a slope of 0. you substitute the given values into the −1 formula. y = 0.200) 25 197. this would be The graph would have a y-intercept at (0. Let y = the amount of a monthly bill.25x + 15 =4 (0. Written as an equation. y = 25 x + 200 A graph of this equation would have a slope of − 1 and the y-intercept would be at (0. Let y = the cost of a scooter rental for one day.25 times the number of hours of use. The problem tells us that the cost would be equal to the weekly charge for gear rental plus 8 times the number of tanks used. 200. Let y = the number of birds that visited a backyard feeder.20) and the slope would be 199.25 or The y-intercept would be at 198.05x + 20 5 100 = 1 20 Let x = the number of tanks used during the week. A formula that would represent this information would be: The y-intercept would be at (0. So.

Your goal is to isolate the variable on one side of the inequality. there will be twenty-ﬁve inequalities so you can practice your solving skills. Keep the symbol facing the same way when you multiply or divide by a positive factor. When you have fractional coefﬁcients or terms in an equality or inequality. If the Team-LRN . multiply both sides by the least common multiple of the denominators and work with whole numbers.9 Solving Inequalities If you compare Chapter 9 to Chapter 6. you will ﬁnd only a few differences between solving inequalities and solving equalities. In this chapter. But remember to change the direction of the inequality when you multiply or divide by a negative factor. and the result will be your solution. Look at the tips below to see what makes solving inequalities different from solving equalities. The methods and procedures you use are virtually the same. Tips for Solving Inequalities ■ ■ Keep the inequality symbol facing the same way when you perform an addition or subtraction to both sides of the inequality.

multiply by multiples of ten until you have whole numbers to work with. −7(x 5 4 (x + 4) > 2 (x + 8) − 8 + (x − 4)] ≥ 2(13 − x) 222. 3(4 − 5x) < x − 116 210.29 > 0. 2(7x − 3) ≥ −2(5 + 3x) 212. 201. 11(1 − x) ≥ 3(3 − x) − 1 225. x − 218. Solve the following inequalities.501 Algebra Questions coefﬁcients and/or terms are decimals. 214. 8 − 6x < 50 206.79 208. 2 5x ≤ 18 204. −6(x + 1) ≥ 60 209. 3 2x < – 4 (x + 2) 1 2 3 + 0. −4x 217.9 + x + 2) < −5x 1 219. 4x + 26 ≥ 90 205. 3x − 10 ≤ -3 207. −x 0. 3x + 2 < 14 202. 4(x + 1) < 5(x + 2) 211.1 ≥ 0. 221.2 4 3x ≤ 20 −5>x−2 + 3(x + 5) ≥ 3(x + 2) 3 4 215. −5[9 224. 3(1 − 3x) ≥ −3 (x + 27) 223. 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x + 10) 216. 3(x − 16) − 2 < 9(x − 2) − 7x 111 Team-LRN . x − 4 3 < 9 + 3 x 220. 2x + 0. 16x − 1 < 4(6 − x) 213. 4x − 6 > 30 203.

3x + 2 − 2 < 14 − 2 3x < 12 < 3 x<4 3x 3 12 Simplify the inequality. Simplify. 8 − 8 − 6x < 50 − 8 −6x < 42 > −6 x > −7 −6 −6x 42 112 Team-LRN . 205. 5 4x − 6 + 6 > 30 + 6 4x > 36 > 4 x>9 4x 4 36 Simplify. { }. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2 . Simplify the inequality. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. Underlined inequalities show the simpliﬁed result. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. 203. 5 2 5 2 ( 5 )x ≤ 2 (18) 10 5 18 ( 10 )x ≤ 2 ( 1 ) Simplify.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Simplify. Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality. or [ ]. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. 201. (1)x ≤ 45 x ≤ 45 204. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Simplify. 4x + 26 − 26 ≥ 90 − 26 4x ≥ 64 ≥ 4 x ≥ 16 4x 4 64 Simplify the inequality. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 202. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Simplify the inequality. ( ). Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.

Simplify. 208. ≤ 7 3 7 3 x≤ x ≤ 23 207.50 > 2 x > 0.50 by −6 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Divide both sides of the inequality 2x + 0. ≤ −6 x + 1 ≤ −10 −6 −6(x + 1) 60 x + 1 − 1 ≤ −10 − 1 x ≤ −11 3(4) − 3(5x) < x − 116 12 − 15x < x − 116 12 − 15x + 15x < x + 15x − 116 12 < 16x − 116 12 + 116 < 16x − 116 + 116 128 < 16x < 8<x 128 16 16x 16 209.501 Algebra Questions 206. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify.29 > 0. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.29 2x > 0. 113 Team-LRN . Simplify the inequality. Add 15x to both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Add 116 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Divide both sides of the inequality by 16.79 − 0. Add 10 to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 1 from both sides of the inequality.29 from both sides of the 1 inequality. Subtract 0. 3x − 10 + 10 ≤ − 3 + 10 3x ≤ 7 3x 3 Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.29 − 0. Simplify. Simplify the inequality.25 2x 2 0.

Simplify the expressions. Reduce the fraction to lowest terms. Simplify the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add 1 to both sides of the inequality.2 ) ≤ 0. Subtract 4 from both sides of the inequality. 212. Simplify.2(20) −x −x inequality by 0. Combine like terms. 211. Multiply both sides of the equation by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Multiply both sides of the < 25 20 1 x < 14 0. Subtract 5x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Simplify and express the fraction in simplest terms.2. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Simplify. Simplify the expressions on both sides. 213. Use the distributive property of 2(7x) − 2(3) ≥ −2(5) − 2(3x) 14x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x 14x + 6x − 6 ≥ −10 − 6x + 6x 20x − 6 ≥ − 10 20x − 6 + 6 ≥ −10 + 6 20x ≥ −4 20x 20 ≥ − 20 4 4 x ≥ − 20 −1 x≥ 5 16x − 1 < 4(6) − 4(x) 16x − 1 < 24 − 4x 16x − 1 + 1 < 1 + 24 − 4x 16x < 25 − 4x 16x + 4x < 25 − 4x + 4x 20x < 25 20x 20 multiplication. Use the distributive property of 4(x) + 4(1) < 5(x) + 5(2) 4x + 4 < 5x + 10 4x + 4 − 4 < 5x + 10 − 4 4x < 5x + 6 −x 4x − 5x < 5x − 5x + 6 <6 > −1(6) x > −6 −1(−x) multiplication. Combine like terms.2( 0. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Add 6 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Add 4x to both sides of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions 210. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20. Add 6x to both sides of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by 20. Simplify. 114 ≤4 Team-LRN .

Simplify. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. Simplify. 215.501 Algebra Questions Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Divide both sides of the inequality by 5. Simplify. Divide both sides of the inequality by 4. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. Simplify. x≥ 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 4 3x 1 3x −1(−x) −4 ≥ −1(4) −5+5>x−2+5 >x+3 −x>x−x+3 − 3x > x − x + 3 >3 3 Simplify. Combine like terms. Add 5 to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of 3x + 5 ≥ −2(x) − 2(10) 3x + 5 ≥ −2x − 20 3x + 5 − 5 ≥ −2x − 20 −5 3x ≥ −2x − 25 3x + 2x ≥ 2x − 2x − 25 5x ≥ −25 −25 5x 5 ≥ 5 x≥−5 −4x −4x multiplication. Add x to both sides of the inequality. 216. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Add 2x to both sides of the inequality. Subtract 1x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. + 3(x) + 3(5) ≥ 3(x) + 3(2) + 3x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 (−4x + 3x) + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 -x + 15 ≥ 3x + 6 x − x + 15 ≥ x + 3x + 6 15 ≥ 4x + 6 15 − 6 ≥ 4x + 6 − 6 9 ≥ 4x 9 4 9 4 ≥ 4x 4 ≥x ≥x 1 24 115 Team-LRN . Simplify. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. 214. Express the fraction in its simplest form. Use the distributive property of 3( 3 x) > 3(3) x>9 3 1 1 ( 3 x) 1 > 3 (3) multiplication. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.

You can simplify equations (and inequalities) with fractions by multiplying them by a common multiple of the denominators.1 + x ≥ 0. Add 3 to both sides of the inequality.1 − 0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. but it can be easier to operate with whole numbers until the last step. 219. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 2. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality.9 − 0. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions 217.6 x− 13 3 < 9 + 3x 13 3) 2 Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify. Divide both sides of the inequality by 7. Simplify. Simplify the expressions. Change the term to an improper fraction. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 218. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.1 from both sides of the 4(x − 4 ) < 4( 4 (x + 2)) 4(x) − 4( 4 ) < 4( 4 )(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x + 2) 4x − 3 < −3(x) −3(2) 4x − 3 < −3x − 6 4x − 3 + 3 < −3x − 6 + 3 4x < − 3x − 3 3x + 4x < 3x − 3x − 3 7x < −3 7x 7 3 −3 3 −3 < −3 7 x< 3 2x 3 2x −3 7 inequality. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4. Subtract 0.1 ≥ 0. Sure. Simplify.8 + 1 2 x ≥ 0. Add 3x to both sides of the equation.8) x ≥ 1. Combine like terms. Simplify the terms. Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms and simplify. Combine like terms. + 0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3(x − < 3(9 + 3 x) 2 2 3(x) − 3( 3 ) < 3(9) + 3( 3 x) 3x − 13 < 27 + 2x 3x − 13 + 13 < 13 + 27 + 2x 3x < 40 + 2x 3x − 2x < 40 + 2x − 2x x < 40 13 116 Team-LRN .8 + x x−x 3 2 x − x ≥ 0. Add 13 to both sides of the inequality. you have a fraction for an answer. Simplify the expressions.8 1 2( 2 x) ≥ 2(0.

117 Team-LRN . Simplify the terms. Simplify by combining like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality sign. Use the distributive property of 5 5 1 1 4 (x) + 4 (4) > 2 (x) + 2 (8) 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x + 4 − 8 5 1 4x + 5 > 2x − 4 5 4x 3 4x 3 4x 3 4x 1 1 1 −8 − 2x + 5 > 2x − 2x − 4 + 5 > −4 +5−5>4−5 > −9 4 > 3 (−9) x > −12 3(1) − 3(3x) ≥ −3(x) − 3(27) 3 − 9x ≥ −3x − 81 3 − 9x + 9x ≥ 9x − 3x − 81 3 ≥ 6x − 81 3 + 81 ≥ 6x − 81 + 81 84 ≥ 6x ≥ 6 14 ≥ x 84 6 6x 4 3 3 ( 4 x) multiplication. Add 81 to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the terms. Simplify the terms. Use the distributive property of −7(x) −7x − 7(2)<−5x − 14 < −5x −7x − 14 + 14 < −5x + 14 −7x < −5x + 14 −7x + 5x < 5x −5x + 14 −2x < 14 −2x −2 > −2 x > −7 14 multiplication. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms. Add 14 to both sides of the inequality. 221. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms. Add 9x to both sides. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Simplify the expressions. Simplify terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 6. 1 Subtract 2 x from both sides of the inequality. 222.501 Algebra Questions 220. Simplify. Subtract 5 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. 4 Multiply both sides by 3 3 (the reciprocal of 4 ).

Use the commutative property. Use the distributive property of −5[x] −5[5] − 26 ≥ 26 − 26 + 3x ≥ 3x 3x ≥ 3 −17 ≥ x 3 multiplication. Divide both sides by 8. Add 50 to both sides of the inequality. Use the commutative property to associate like terms. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property of 11(1) − 11(x) ≥ 3(3) − 3(x) − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 3x − 1 11 − 11x ≥ 9 − 1 − 3x 11 − 11x ≥ 8 − 3x 11 − 8 − 11x ≥ 8 − 8 − 3x 3 − 11x ≥ − 3x 3 − 11x + 11x ≥ − 3x + 11x 3 ≥ 8x 3 8 3 8 ≥ 8x 8 ≥x multiplication. Add 5x to both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Add 11x to both sides. Remove the inner brackets. Simplify terms. 3(x) − 3(16) − 2 < 9(x) − 9(2) − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 18 − 7x 3x − 48 − 2 < 9x − 7x − 18 3x − 50 < 2x − 18 3x − 50 + 50 < 2x − 18 + 50 3x < 2x + 32 3x − 2x < 2x − 2x + 32 x < 32 118 Team-LRN . −5[9 −5[x + x − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) + 9 − 4] ≥ 2(13 − x) −5[x + 5] ≥ 2(13 − x) ≥ 2(13) − 2(x) − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x 5x − 5x − 25 ≥ 26 − 2x + 5x −25 ≥ 26 + 3x −5x −25 −51 −51 Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 223. Simplify. use the commutative property of addition and combine like terms. 224. Combine like terms. Subtract 26 from both sides of the inequality. Simplify terms. 225. Combine like terms. Combine like terms. Subtract 2x from both sides of the inequality. Subtract 8 from both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms. Simplify terms.

Use the skills you have been practicing in the previous chapters to transform the inequality into the slope/y-intercept form you used to graph equalities with two variables. Team-LRN . Shade the region below the boundary line when the inequality symbol is < or ≤. Use the slope and the y-intercept of the transformed inequality to show the boundary line for your solution graph. When there is only one variable. use a solid circle on the number line as the endpoint when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. use a coordinate plane to graph the solution. 10 Tips for Graphing Inequalities When using a number line to show the solution graph for an inequality. When there are two variables. Draw a dotted line when the inequality symbol is < or >. you use a coordinate plane. When there are two variables. use an open circle to show the endpoint. you use a number line.Graphing Inequalities In this chapter. When the inequality symbol is < or >. To complete the graph. Draw a solid line when the inequality symbol is ≤ or ≥. shade the region above the boundary line when the inequality symbol is > or ≥. you will practice graphing inequalities that have one or two variables. A solid circle shows that the solution graph includes the endpoint. an open circle shows that the solution graph does not include the endpoint.

(Use graph paper.5x > 0.3 y − 0. 2y − 3x < 8 236. 3x − 4 > 2y 238. An easy point to use. x ≤ 6 229. 3y + 4x < 9 − x 246. 0. If the result is a true statement. 226. x >−1 Graph the following inequalities on a coordinate plane. 0). 1 2x +y≤3 235. x < −1 228. x > 5 230.9 244. 2( y + 3) − x ≥ 6(1 − x) 250. 3x − y ≤ 7x + y − 8 245. 3 4y + 6 ≥ 3x 239. then you have shaded the correct side of the boundary line. is the origin (0. y > 4x − 5 234. x ≥ 4 227. x 3 + y ≤ 3x − 5 ≥ 2x − 14( y + 10) 120 249. −12 ≤ − 3(x + y) 247. y > x + 1 232. x − y ≤ 7 241.) 231. 0. y ≥ -x + 2 233. if it is not your y-intercept. Graph the following inequalities on a number line.5y − x + 3 > 0 240. y 3 2 3 < −x −3y + 9x ≤ − 6 243.501 Algebra Questions A simple way to check your graphic solution is to pick a point on either side of the boundary line and substitute the x and y values in your inequality. y + 2 ≤ 3x + 5 237. −28y Team-LRN . 9y + 7 ≥ 2(x + 8) 248. 242.

Once a single number appears within these parentheses.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. 226. { }. −10 −5 0 5 10 228. −10 −5 0 5 10 227. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). The answers to these questions are the graphs. −10 −5 0 5 10 121 Team-LRN . it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. ( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. or [ ]. −10 −5 0 5 10 230. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. −10 −5 0 5 10 229.

501 Algebra Questions 231. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 1. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,1). (0 + 1,1 + 1) or (1,2).

1

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(1,2) (0,1) x

122

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 232. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2). (0 + 1,2 − 1) or (1,1).

−1

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

(0,2) (1,1) x

123

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 233. The inequality is in the proper

slope/y-intercept form. b = −5. A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point

m = 4 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−5). (0 + 1,−5 + 4) or (1,−1).

4

change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it.
**

y

x (1,−1)

(0,−5)

124

Team-LRN

**501 Algebra Questions 234. Subtract 2 x from both sides
**

1

of the inequality.

1 2x

− 2x + y ≤ − 2x + 3

1

−1

1

1

Combine like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 3. A change in y of −1 and in x of 2 gives the point

**y ≤ − 2x + 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,3). (0 + 2,3 − 1) or (2,2).
**

change in y

**Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(0,3) (2,2) x

125

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 235. Add 3x to both sides

of the inequality. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. Simplify terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 4. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point

2y − 3x + 3x < 3x + 8 2y < 3x + 8

2y 2

<

3

3x 2

+

8 2

**y < 2x + 4 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4). (0 + 2,4 + 3) or (2,7).
**

3 change in y

**Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.
**

y

(2,7)

(0,4)

x

126

Team-LRN

3) x 127 Team-LRN . (0 + 1. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.3 + 3) or (1. y (1. Combine like terms.6) (0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point y + 2 − 2 ≤ 3x + 5 − 2 y ≤ 3x + 3 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 3.3).501 Algebra Questions 236.6). Subtract 2 from both sides of the inequality.

−2). then d = c. the direction of the inequality symbol must change when you change sides of the statement. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. But for an inequality.1) x (0. If c > d. (0 + 2.−2 + 3) or (2.−2) 128 Team-LRN . 2y < 3x − 4 Divide both sides of the inequality by 2. In an equation. if c = d. y (2. b = −2. A change in y of 3 and in x of 2 gives the point < 3x − 2 32 y < 2x − 2 m= 3 2 2y 2 4 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. then d < c.1). Rewrite the inequality with sides exchanged and the symbol reversed.501 Algebra Questions 237. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Simplify terms.

A change in y of 4 and in x of 1 gives the point 3 4y 3 4y + 6 − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3x − 6 ≥ 3 (3x − 6) ≥ 3 (3x) − 3 (6) change in y change in x 4 4 4 4 3 3 ( 4 y) 4 3 3 ( 4 y) y ≥ 4x − 8 m= 4 1 = The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = −8. Simplify terms. (0 + 1.−8 + 4) or (1. Combine like terms.−8). Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply both sides of the 4 inequality by the reciprocal 3 . Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. y x (1.−8) 129 Team-LRN . Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.501 Algebra Questions 238. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−4).−4) (0.

Simplify terms.5 3 0.5y 0.5 > x 0.−6) 130 Team-LRN . y x (1. (0 + 1.5y > x − 3 0.5y − x > − 3 0. Subtract 3 from both sides of the inequality. Combine like terms.−6).5y + x − x > x − 3 0.501 Algebra Questions 239.5 y> − y > 2x − 6 m=2= 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5. Simplify the expressions.−4).5y − x + 3 − 3 > 0 − 3 0. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality.5 x 0. Add 1x to both sides of the inequality. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade above it. Divide both sides of the inequality by 0. A change in y of 2 and in x of 1 gives the point 0.5 − 3 0.−6 + 2) or (1.−4) (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −6.

Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.−7) 131 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication.−7).−6) (0. Use the commutative property of addition.501 Algebra Questions 240. Simplify the expression. Multiply both sides of the inequality by −1 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. Use the commutative property of addition to associate like terms. A change in y of 1 and in x of 1 gives the point x−y−x≤7−x x−x−y≤7−x -y ≤ 7 − x (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7 − x) (−1)(−y) ≥ (−1)(7) − (−1)(x) y ≥ −7 + x y≥x−7 m=1= 1 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify terms.−7 + 1) or (1. y x (1.−6). b = −7. (0 + 1. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality.

Use the distributive property of multiplication. y (0.501 Algebra Questions 241. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2 − 3) or (1. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3.2). Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. Use the commutative property of addition.−1). A change in y of −3 and in x of 1 gives the point 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 − x) 3( 3 ) < 3( 3 ) − 3(x) y < 2 − 3x y < −3x + 2 m = −3 = −3 y y 2 2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 2. (0 + 1.−1) 132 Team-LRN . Simplify terms.2) x (1.

Subtract 9x from both sides of the inequality. Simplify the terms. y ≥ 2 −(−3x) y ≥ 2 + 3x Use the commutative property of addition.2).2) x 133 Team-LRN . A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point −3y −3y + 9x − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≤ −6 − 9x ≥ −6 −3 −3y −3 y≥ −6 −3 − − 9x −3 9x ( −3 ) y ≥ 3x + 2 m=3= 3 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y (1.2 + 3) or (1.5).5) (0. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it.501 Algebra Questions 242. (0 + 1. Divide both sides of the inequality by −3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. b = 2. Combine like terms.

(0 + 3. Subtract 0.3y > 0.3y from both sides of the inequality.3 ) − ( −0.5x − 0.3y − 0.3y > −0. 5 change in y 5 5 Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it.9 y < 3 x − (−3) y < 3x + 3 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtracting a negative number is the same as adding a positive. Divide both sides of the inequality by −0.3 < ( −0. y (3.5x − −0.501 Algebra Questions 243.3).9 0. Combine like terms.5x − 0.5x from both sides of the inequality.9 0.3y −0.3) x 134 Team-LRN .3 < −0.5x − 0.8).8) (0. Simplify the expression.3 + 5) or (3.5x −0.5x − 0.9 − 0.3y − 0.5x − 0. A change in y of 3 and in x of 1 gives the point 0.3 ) 0. Combine like terms.3y −0. b = 3.3 0.5x − 0.9 −0.3y > −0.9 −0.3 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. Subtract 0.3y > −0. Simplify the terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

2).501 Algebra Questions 244. Combine like terms. (0 + 1. Subtract y from both sides of the inequality. Simplify. Combine like terms. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.2) x 135 Team-LRN . y (0. A change in y of −2 and in x of 1 gives the point 3x − 3x − y ≤ 7x − 3x + y − 8 −y ≤ 4x + y − 8 −y −2y − y ≤ 4x + y − y − 8 ≤ 4x − 8 ≥ 4x − 8 −2 8 4x − 2 − ( −2 ) −2y −2 y≥ y ≥ − 2x − (−4) y ≥ −2x + 4 m = −2 = −2 1 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.4) (1. Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. Divide both sides of the inequality by −2 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. Simplify terms. Subtract 3x from both sides of the inequality.4 − 2) or (1.4). b = 4.

3 − 5) or (3. Combine like terms. Simplify the expressions. y (0. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3.−2). The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 4x from both sides of the inequality. Use the commutative property.3).3) x (3. Draw a dotted boundary line and shade below it. b = 3. Simplify the terms.−2) 136 Team-LRN . A change in y of −5 and in x of 3 gives the point 3y + 4x − 4x < 9 − x − 4x 3y < 9 − 5x 3y 3 < y< y< y< 5x 9 3 − 3 9 5x (3) − ( 3 ) 5 3 − 3x −5x + 3 3 −5 m= 3 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. (0 + 3.501 Algebra Questions 245.

Add 12 to both sides of the inequality. Use the distributive property of multiplication.4) (1. A change in y of −1 and in x of 1 gives the point −12 ≤ −3x − 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x −3y + 3y 3y − 12 ≤ −3x 3y − 12 + 12 ≤ −3x + 12 3y ≤ −3x + 12 ≤ 3x + 3 y ≤ -x + 4 3y 3 − 12 3 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Add 3y to both sides of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions 246. Combine like terms. Simplify the expressions. −1 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.3) x 137 Team-LRN .3). Divide both sides of the inequality by 3. Combine like terms. y (0.4 − 1) or (1. The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4). b = 4. (0 + 1.

The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.1) x 138 Team-LRN . Divide both sides of the inequality by 9.3) (0. 2 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. b = 1. Use the distributive property of multiplication. A change in y of 2 and in x of 9 gives the point 9y + 7 ≥ 2x + 16 9y + 7 − 7 ≥ 2x + 16 − 7 9y ≥ 2x + 9 9y 9 ≥ 2 2x 9 + 9 9 y ≥ 9x + 1 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 7 from both sides of the inequality.1). (0 + 9. Simplify the expressions. Combine like terms.1 + 2) or (9.3). y (9.501 Algebra Questions 247.

501 Algebra Questions 248. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the expressions. (0 + 3. Multiply both sides of the inequality by 3. Subtract x from both sides of the inequality. y (3. b = −5. A change in y of 8 and in x of 3 gives the point 3( 3 + y) ≤ 3(3x − 5) 3( 3 ) + 3( y) ≤ 3(3x) − 3(5) x + 3y ≤ 9x − 15 x − x + 3y ≤ 9x − x − 15 3y ≤ 8x − 15 3y 3 x x ≤ 8 8x 3 − 15 3 y ≤ 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Simplify terms. 8 change in y Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.−5). The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3) x (0. Combine like terms. Divide both sides of the inequality by 3.−5) 139 Team-LRN .−5 + 8) or (3.3).

Add x to both sides of the inequality.501 Algebra Questions 249.0). Simplify terms. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. (0 + 2. Combine like terms. Use the commutative property with like terms. A change in y of −5 and in x of 2 gives the point 2( y) + 2(3) − x ≥ 6(1) − 6(x) 2y + 6 − x ≥ 6 − 6x 2y + 6 − x + x ≥ 6 − 6x + x 2y + 6 ≥ 6 − 5x 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 5x − 6 2y + 6 − 6 ≥ 6 − 6 − 5x 2y ≥ − 5x 2y 2 ≥ −5x y≥ −5 2 2 x change in y m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 6 from both sides of the inequality. b = 0.−5) 140 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication.0 − 5) or (2. Divide both sides of the inequality by 2.−5). The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. −5 Draw a solid boundary line and shade above it. y (0.0) x (2.

The inequality is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. (0 + 7.10). y (0. Combine like terms on each side of the inequality. Divide both sides of the inequality by −14 and change the direction of the inequality symbol. A change in y of −1 and in x of 7 gives the point −28y −28y −28y −14y ≥ 2x − 14( y) − 14(10) ≥ 2x − 14y − 140 + 14y ≥ 2x − 14y + 14y − 140 ≥ 2x −140 2x −14y −14 ≤ −1 −14 − 140 −14 y≤ 7 x + 10 change in y m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = 10. Add 14y to both sides of the inequality.10 − 1) or (7.10) (7. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the terms.501 Algebra Questions 250. −1 Draw a solid boundary line and shade below it.9).9) x 141 Team-LRN . Simplify terms.

There are three possibilities for a pair of equations: ■ 11 ■ ■ The solution will be one coordinate pair at the point of intersection. In this case.Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities This chapter will present ﬁfteen systems of equalities and ten systems of inequalities as practice in ﬁnding solutions graphically. Team-LRN . the lines are parallel and will not intersect. You will ﬁnd complete explanations and graphs in the answer explanations. The solution will be all the points on the line graph because the equations coincide. Graphing systems of linear equations on the same coordinate plane will give you a solution that is common to both equations. Pairs of inequalities can also have a common solution. There will be no solution if the line graphs have the same slope but different y-intercepts. The graphic solution will either be the common areas of the graphs of the inequalities or there will be no solution if the areas do not overlap.

3y = 6x + 6 5y = 10(x − 5) 262. The intersection of the shaded areas will be the solution for the system. 4y = −7(x + 4) 4y = x + 4 254. y = x + 2 y = -x + 4 252. 3(2x + 3y) = 63 27y = 9(x − 6) 143 Team-LRN . 2y = 6x + 14 4y = x − 16 256. 2x + y = 4 3( y + 9) = 7x 257. y − x = 5 − x −4y = 8 − 7x 255. 4x − 5y = 5 259. y = x + 9 4y = 16 − x 5y = 20 − x 3(2y + 5x) = −6 258. For equations. For inequalities. Find the solutions for the following systems of equations by graphing on graph paper. 251. When multiplying or dividing by a negative term.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Transform each equation or inequality into the slope/y-intercept form. graph the lines and look for the point or points of intersection. 6y = 9(x − 6) 260. 2y − x = 2 3x + y = 8 253. 15y = 6(3x + 15) y = 6(1 − x) 261. That is the solution. graph the boundaries as the appropriate dotted or solid line and shade the area for each inequality depending upon the inequality symbol present. change the direction of the inequality symbol for each operation.

x − 20 = 5y 10y = 8x + 20 264. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 4x + y < 4x + 5 271. 9( y − 4) < 4x −9y −3 < 2(x + 9) 1 273. 2y − 3x ≥ −6 y ≥ 5 − 2x 267. 5y ≤ 8(x + 5) 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 270. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3y ≤ 2(6 − x) 272.501 Algebra Questions 263. y > 4 (4 − x) 7 < 4 (2x − 3y) 3( y + 5) > 7x 2x + y ≤ −3 275. 16y = 10(x − 8) 6 8y − 17x = 56 Find the solution for each of the following systems of inequalities by graphing and shading. 3x + 4y = 12 y = 3 − 8x 265. y − x ≥ 6 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 269. 6y < 5x − 30 5 2y < −x + 4 268. 266. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 144 Team-LRN . 7( y − 5) < −5x 274.

it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The graph is shown. Regardless of what symbol is used. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. ( ).501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Underlined ordered pair is the solution. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. 145 Team-LRN . or [ ]. { }. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written.

y y=x+2 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = 4. The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 1 for (1.2).4). The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1. −1 change in y (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. b = 2. The solution is (1.4) (1. 1 change in y y = −x + 4 m = −1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.2) x 146 Team-LRN .3).3).501 Algebra Questions 251. ************ The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3).3) (0.

b = 8.2) x 147 Team-LRN . y (0.1). b = 1. −3 change in y (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. The solution is (2.2).501 Algebra Questions 252. Combine like terms.1) (2. ************ Subtract 3x from both sides. The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 1 for (1. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 2 for (2. Simplify.2).8).5). Add x to both sides.8) 2y − x = 2 2y − x + x = x + 2 2y = x + 2 y = 2x + 1 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5) (0. 1 change in y 1 3x + y = 8 3x − 3x + y = −3x + 8 y = −3x + 8 m = −3 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 2.

The solution is (−4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication.−14).1). b = 1. y 4y = −7(x + 4) 4 y = −7x − 28 y= −7 4 x−7 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−7) (4. The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4. ************ Divide both sides by 4.2).2) x (0. The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 1 change in y (0. −7 4y = x + 4 1 y = 4x + 1 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.1) (−4.0) (4. Divide both sides by 4.−7).501 Algebra Questions 253.−14) 148 Team-LRN . b = −7.0). The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

************ Divide both sides by Simplify terms.5) (4. The solution is (4. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.−2). Add x to both sides.5).501 Algebra Questions 254.−2) 149 Team-LRN . b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. y −4. Combine like terms on each side.5). Use the commutative property.5). 7 change in y (0.5) x (0. The graph is a line parallel to the x-axis through (0. y−x=5−x y−x+x=5−x+x y=5 −4y −4y −4 = 8 − 7x 8 7x = −4 − − 4 7 7 y = −2 + 4 x y = 4x − 2 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

************ Divide both sides by 4.7) (−2.−4) (−4. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 2 for (−2.1) x (4.−4).−3).501 Algebra Questions 255. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 4 for (4.−5). 6 −6 change in y 4y = x − 16 1 y = 4x − 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. 2y = 6x + 14 y = 2x + 7 6 m = 2 = −2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.1).−5) 150 Team-LRN .−3) (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.7). y (0. Divide both sides by 2.

2) x (3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 7 change in y 7 The solution for the system of equations is (3. ************ 2x + y = 4 2x − 2x + y = 4 − 2x y = 4 − 2x y = −2x + 4 m = −2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Subtract 2x from both sides. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.4). Subtract 27 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side.−2).−2).2). Use the commutative property.−9) 151 Team-LRN . b=4 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1. −2 change in y 3( y + 9) = 7x Distributive property of multiplication.−2) (0.4) (1. Simplify.−9). b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3. 3y + 27 = 7x 3y + 27 − 27 = 7x − 27 3y = 7x − 27 y = 3x − 9 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.501 Algebra Questions 256. Divide both sides by 3. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. y (0.

y=x+9 m = 1 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.10) (0.9) (−4. y (1.501 Algebra Questions 257.9).5) (0.4) (4. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 1 change in y 4y = 16 − x 4y = −x + 16 y = −4x + 4 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b=9 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 1 for (1.3) x 152 Team-LRN .3).4). b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 4 for (4. Divide both sides by 4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.5). ************ Use the commutative property. −1 1 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−4.10).

501 Algebra Questions 258. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Subtract 4x from both sides. Simplify. Use the commutative property. Divide both sides by −5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5,3). ************ Divide both sides by 5. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=4 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 5 for (5,3).

**4x − 5y = 5 4x − 4x − 5y = 5 − 4x −5y = 5 − 4x −5y = −4x + 5 y = 5x − 1 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).
**

4 change in y 4

5y = 20 − x 1 y = 4 − 5x y=

−1

5

x+4

change in y

m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,4).

−1

**The solution for the system of equations is (5,3).
**

y

(0,4) (5,3) x (0,−1)

153

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 259. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −9 The slope tells you to go up 9 spaces and right 6 for (6, 0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 15x from both sides. Simplify. Divide both sides by 6. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −1 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2,−6).

**6y = 9(x − 6) 6y = 9x − 54 y = 6x − 9 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−9).
**

9 change in y 9

**3(2y + 5x) = − 6 6y + 15x = −6 6y + 15x − 15x = −15x − 6 6y = −15x − 6 y=
**

−15

6

x−1

−5

m = 6 = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−1).

−15

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (2,−6).
**

y

x (0,−1) (6,0)

(2,−6) (0,−9)

154

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 260. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 15. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and left 5 for (−5,0). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=6 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 1 for (1,0).

**15y = 6(3x + 15) 15y = 18x + 90 y=
**

18 15 x 18

+6

6

−6

m = 15 = 5 = −5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).

change in y

**y = 6(1 − x) y = 6 − 6x y = −6x + 6 m = −6 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,6).
**

−6

change in y

**The solution for the system of equations is (0,6).
**

y

(0,6)

(−5,0)

(1,0)

x

155

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 261. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Divide both sides by 3. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,4). ************ Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 1 for (1,−8).

**3y = 6x + 6 y = 2x + 2 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,2).
**

2 change in y

**5y = 10(x − 5) 5y = 10x − 50 y = 2x − 10 m = 2 = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−10).
**

2 change in y

**The slopes are the same, so the line graphs are parallel and do not intersect.
**

y

(1,4) (0,2) x

(1,−8) (0,−10)

156

Team-LRN

501 Algebra Questions 262. Transform equations into

slope/y-intercept form. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Subtract 6x from both sides. Simplify. Commutative property. Divide both sides by 9. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b=7 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3,5). ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 27. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. b = −2 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 3 for (3,−1).

3(2x + 3y) = 63 6x + 9y = 63 6x − 6x + 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = 63 − 6x 9y = −6x + 63 y=

−6

9

x+7

−2

m = 9 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,7).

−6

change in y

27y = 9(x − 6) 27y = 9x − 54 y=

9 27 x 9

−2

1 change in y

m = 27 = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0,−2).

**The solution for the system of equations is (9,1).
**

y

(0,7) (3,5)

(9,1) x (3,−1) (0,−2)

157

Team-LRN

************ Divide both sides by 10. Divide both sides by 5.2) x (5.−3). y (5.−4). If a = b. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.6).−4) (−10. b = −4 The slope tells you to go up 1 space and right 5 for (5. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−6).6) (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form. 8 4 change in y The solution for the system of equations is (−10.501 Algebra Questions 263.−6) 158 Team-LRN . then b = a. b=2 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 5 for (5.2).−3) (0. 1 change in y 1 10y = 8x + 20 8 y = 10 x + 2 m = 10 = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. x − 20 = 5y 5y = x − 20 y = 5x − 4 m = 5 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.

Subtract 3x from both sides.3).501 Algebra Questions 264. Simplify. y (0.3) (4. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.3). b=3 The slope tells you to go down 6 spaces and right 8 for (8. Divide both sides by 4. ************ Use the commutative property. b = +3 The slope tells you to go down 3 spaces and right 4 for (4.0) x (8. 3x + 4y = 12 3x − 3x + 4y = −3x + 12 4y = −3x + 12 y= −3 4 x+3 change in y m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−3). Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. −6 6 change in y The solution for the system of equations is the entire line because the graphs coincide.0).−3) 159 Team-LRN . −3 y = 3 − 8x −6 y= 8x+3 m = 8 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.

501 Algebra Questions 265. Divide both sides by 16. The solution for the system of equations is (−8.0) x (0.−10). ************ Subtract 17x from both sides. 8y − 17x = 56 8y − 17x + 17 x = 17x + 56 8y = 17x + 56 y= 17 8 x+7 = −17 −8 m= 17 8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.−10). Simplify. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.−5).7). {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. The equation is in the proper slope/y-intercept form.} b=7 The slope tells you to go down 17 spaces and left 8 for (−8.} b = −5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and left 8 for (−8.−10). 16y = 10(x − 8) 16y = 10x − 80 y= 10 16 x 10 16 −5 = 5 8 m= = −5 −8 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.7) (8. y (0. Divide both sides by 8. Use the distributive property of multiplication.−10) 160 Team-LRN .−5) (−8.

************ Use the commutative property. Simplify. Add 3x to both sides. {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin.5) (2.501 Algebra Questions 266. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥.0). y (0. Transform the inequalities into slope/y-intercept form. −3 2y − 3x ≥ − 6 2y − 3x + 3x ≥ +3x − 6 2y ≥ 3x − 6 3 y ≥ 2x − 3 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−3).5) The solution for the system of inequalities is where the shaded areas overlap.0).−3) x 161 Team-LRN . 3 change in y y ≥ 5 − 2x y ≥ −5x + 5 2 m= −5 5 2 = change in y change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 2.0) (0. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥. b= The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 2 for (2.} b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 2 for (2.

1) (6.2). 5 change in y 5 b = −5 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 6 for (6.0). ************ Divide both sides by 2. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.−5).1). y (0.−5) 162 Team-LRN . Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.501 Algebra Questions 267. Divide both sides by 6. 2y <− −x + 4 1 y< 2x+2 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2) (2. 6y < 5x − 30 y < 6x − 5 m = 6 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. −1 change in y b=2 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and right 2 for (2.0) x (0.

Add x to both sides.5). Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. Divide both sides by 11. y (−1. m The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication.6) x (0.−2) (11. Simplify.6). −2 11y ≥ −2(x + 11) 11y ≥ −2x − 22 y≥ b= The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 11 for (11. Simplify.501 Algebra Questions 268. −1 change in y b=6 The slope tells you to go down 1 space and left 1 for (−1. Use a solid line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is ≥.−4) 163 Team-LRN .−2) −2 11 x − 2 −2 change in y = 11 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.5) (0. y−x≥6 y−x+x≥x+6 y≥x+6 m = 1 = −1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.−4).

8). Divide both sides by 5. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Use a solid line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is ≤. 5y ≤ 12(5 − x) 5y ≤ 60 − 12x 5y ≤ −12x + 60 y≤ −12 change in y change in x b = 12 The slope tells you to go down 12 spaces and right 5 for (5.12).12) y (0.8) (−5.501 Algebra Questions 269. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. 5 x + 12 −12 change in y 5 = change in x The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.0) (5. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by 5. 3x + 4y = 12 5y ≤ 8x + 40 y ≤ 5x + 8 m= 8 5 8 = −8 −5 = {Use the negatives to keep the coordinates near the origin. (0. Use the commutative property of addition. The slope tells you to go down 8 spaces and left 5 for (−5.} b=8 The y-intercept is at the point (0. m= The y-intercept is at the point (0.0). Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.0) x 164 Team-LRN .0).

Subtract 2x from both sides.501 Algebra Questions 270. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.3).6) (0. The y-intercept is (0.3) x 165 Team-LRN . ************ 4x + y < 4x + 5 Subtract 4x from both sides. y < 0x + 5 With a slope of zero. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. 2(x + 5y) > 5(x + 6) 2x + 10y > 5x + 30 2x − 2x + 10y > 5 x − 2x + 30 10y > 3x + 30 y> m The y-intercept is at the point (0.6). Divide both sides by 10. y (10. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3 10 x + 3 3 change in y = 10 = change in x b=3 The slope tells you to go up 3 spaces and right 10 for (10. the line is parallel to the x-axis. 4x − 4x + y < 4x − 4x + 5 Simplify. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >.5) (0. Simplify the inequality.5). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.

Divide both sides by 3. Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication.4) (3.−2).} b=4 The y-intercept is at the point (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2) x (0. Use the commutative property. −2 3y ≤ 12 − 2x 3y ≤ −2x + 12 y≤ m= −2 3 x+4 = change in y change in x −2 {Slopes that are the same will result in parallel lines.−4). y 3 (0. Divide both sides by 3. Use the distributive property of multiplication. 3y ≥ −2(x + 3) 3 y ≥ −2x − 6 y≥ −2 3 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.501 Algebra Questions 271.−4) 166 Team-LRN .−2) (3.4) The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 3 for (3.2). The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.

−4).−4) 167 Team-LRN .8). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.4) x (0. 9( y − 4) < 4x 9y − 36 < 4x 9y − 36 + 36 < 4x + 36 y < 9x + 4 m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. m = 9 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Divide both sides by −9. Add 36 to both sides.501 Algebra Questions 272.−2). Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >.−2) (9. −9y −9y < 2(x + 9) < 2x + 18 −2 y> 9 x−2 change in y b = −2 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 9 for (9. −2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.4). Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative.8) (0. Divide both sides by 9. ************ Use the distributive property of multiplication. 4 change in y 4 b=4 The slope tells you to go up 4 spaces and right 9 for (9. y (9.

2 change in y 2 The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph (next page). b=4 The slope tells you to go up 2 spaces and right 3 for (3. −5 < 4 (2x − 3y) 1 1 4(−3) < 4( 4 )(2x − 3y) −12 < 1(2x − 3y) −12 < 2x −3y −12 + 3y < 2x − 3y + 3y −12 + 3y < 2x −12 + 12 + 3y < 2x + 12 3y < 2x + 12 y < 3x + 4 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by 3. Simplify the inequality. 7( y − 5) < −5x 7y − 35 < −5x 7y − 35 + 35 < −5x + 35 7y < −5x + 35 y< −5 7 x+5 change in y b=5 The slope tells you to go down 5 spaces and right 7 for (7. ************ Multiply both sides of the inequality by 4. Use the distributive property of multiplication. −3 m = 7 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0.5). Use a dotted line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is <.0).4). Add 3y to both sides. 168 Team-LRN . Add 35 to both sides. Add 12 to both sides. Use a dotted line for the border and shade below it because the symbol is <.501 Algebra Questions 273. Simplify the inequality.6). Divide both sides by 7. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form. Simplify the inequality. Simplify.

−7 7 7 change in y b=7 The slope tells you to go down 7 spaces and right 4 for (4. Use the distributive property of multiplication. ************ 3( y + 5) > 7x Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the inequality. Use the commutative property.4) (7.0).7).501 Algebra Questions y (3. 274. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is >.5) (0.−5) 7 change in y 7 169 Team-LRN .0) x Graph for Question 273. Divide both sides by 3. Subtract 15 from both sides. y > 4 (4 − x) y > 7 − 4x −7 y> 4x+7 m = 4 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. b = −5 3y + 15 > 7x 3y + 15 − 15 > 7x − 15 3y > 7x − 15 y > 3x − 5 m = 3 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.6) (0.

Transform equations into slope/y-intercept form.2).−5) Graph for Question 274.−5). The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph. Subtract 5x from both sides. 5 change in y 5 170 Team-LRN .−10). y (0. Change the direction of the symbol when dividing by a negative.501 Algebra Questions The slope tells you to go up 7 spaces and right 3 for (3.0) x (0. 5x − 2( y + 10) ≤ 0 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ 0 5x − 5x − 2y − 20 ≤ −5x −2y − 20 + 20 ≤ −5x + 20 −2y ≤ −5x + 20 y ≥ 2 x − 10 m = 2 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. Divide both sides by −2. 275. Add 20 to both sides.7) (3. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify the inequality.2) (4. Use a dotted line for the border and shade above the line because the symbol is >. b = −10 The slope tells you to go up 5 spaces and right 2 for (2.

−10) Graph for Question 275. ************ Subtract 2x from both sides.−5).−5) (2.501 Algebra Questions Use a solid line for the border and shade above it because the symbol is ≥. 171 Team-LRN .−3). Simplify the inequality. Use a solid line for the border and shade below the line because the symbol is ≤.−3) (1. 2x + y ≤ −3 2x − 2x + y ≤ −2x − 3 y ≤ −2x − 3 m = 1 = change in x The y-intercept is at the point (0. y x (0. −2 change in y b = −3 The slope tells you to go down 2 spaces and right 1 for (1.−5) (0. The solution for the system of inequalities is the double-shaded area on the graph.

one of the variables will be eliminated. But you may ﬁnd that you will begin to see which equations. combining like terms. In the substitution method. lend themselves to one method over the other. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for one variable. The two methods you will practice here are called the elimination method and the substitution method.12 Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically There is a faster way to solve systems of equations than graphing and ﬁnding the solution point. In the elimination method. Team-LRN . Then you will eliminate the variable by substituting into the other equation and solve. Practice will help you decide. and solving equations. Then you solve the remaining equation for the remaining variable. One method is not better than the other. you just substitute the found value into one of the equations and solve for the other variable. You can solve systems of equations using algebraic methods. When you ﬁnd a numerical value for the remaining variable. you will transform one or both of the two equations in the system so that when you add the two equations together. you will transform one of the equations so that one variable is expressed in terms of the other. use it in one of the two equations to determine the value of the remaining variable. because of their structure. You will be using the skills you have practiced in the chapters on working with algebraic expressions.

6y + 3x = 30 284. 1 4x 2(2y − x) = 16 + y = 12 1 2x − 3 y = 21 173 Team-LRN . 3x − 5y = −21 288. x + y = 4 2x − y = 5 + 2y = 1 277. 0.5x + 5y = 28 3x − y = 13 5x + y = −2 1 2x 280. 3(x + y) = 18 281. 5x + 8y = 25 283. + 2y = 12 2x − y = 21 3x − 15 = y 2y + 6x = 0 282. y). Express your solution as a coordinate point or in the form (x.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Systems of Equations Algebraically When using the elimination method. 3x + 4y = 17 −x 278. 276. or as variables such as x = 2 and y = 4. 7x + 3y = 2 2x + y = 0 279. 3x = 5 − 7y 2y = x − 6 x 3 285. ﬁrst make a plan to determine which variable you will eliminate from the system. Then transform the equation or equations so that you will get the result you want. Use the elimination method to solve the following systems of equations. 2x + 7y = 36 3x + 4y = 15 287. 3x + y = 20 + 10 = y 286.

5x + y = 20 296.501 Algebra Questions Use the substitution method to solve the following systems of equations. =y+2 2x − 4y = 32 y − 3x = 28 3x = 2 y + 1 1 x 3 294. y + 4x = 0 295. + 5 =1 3x + 2y = 12 x − 3 = 2y 298. 2(2 − x) = 3y − 2 3x + 9 = 4(5 − y) 174 Team-LRN . 5x + y = 3. y = 3x 4x + 5y = 95 290. 4y + 31 = 3x y + 10 = 3x 300. 2x + y = 2 − 5y x−y=5 2x 10 y 297.4 292. 289. 8x − y = 0 10x + y = 9 293.6 y + 21x = 8. x + y = 3 3x + 101 = 7y 291. x + 5y = 10 299.

3(-x + 2y = 1) −3x + 6y = 3 3x + 4y = 17 0 + 10y = 20 10y = 20 y=2 −x −x + 2(2) = 1 +4=1 −x + 4 − 4 = 1 − 4 −x = −3 x=3 175 Team-LRN . Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. The underlined ordered pair is the solution. 276. Multiply both sides by −1. Subtract 3 from both sides.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Simplify. Add the equations. Simplify terms. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify. Add the ﬁrst and transformed second equations. We could add the equations together if we had x+y=4 2x − y = 5 3x + 0 = 9 3x = 9 =3 x=3 (3) + y = 4 3−3+y=4−3 y=1 3x 3 9 a −3x in the second equation. Divide both sides by 3. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Identity element of addition. Be aware that you may have used a different method of elimination to arrive at the correct answer. Subtract 4 from both sides. Now solve for x. Regardless of what symbol is used. Additive identity. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression.2). ( ). Divide both sides by 4. or [ ]. The solution for the system of equations is (3.1). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Simplify. 277. { }. The solution for the system of equations is (3. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Simplify. Multiply the second equation by 3.

5. Simplify terms. Simplify. Simplify. If you multiply the second equation by 5 and add the equations together. Subtract 18 from both sides. 280.5). Add the ﬁrst and second equations. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation. Transform the second equation so you can add it to the ﬁrst and eliminate y. The solution for the system of equations is (6. Additive identity. Simplify terms. 3x + 3y = 18 + y) = −3(−2) − 3( y) = −3(−2) −15x − 3y = 6 3x + 3y = 18 −12x + 0 = 24 −12x = 24 x = −2 −3(5x) −3(5x 176 Team-LRN . Simplify.5x + 5y = 28 15.5x + 0 = 93 15.501 Algebra Questions 278. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add equations to eliminate y. Simplify. Simplify. Divide both sides by −12. Distributive property of multiplication. Multiply both sides by −1. Use the distributive property of multiplication. you can eliminate the y. Use the distributive property of multiplication.−4). Subtract 4 from both sides. The solution for the system of equations is (2. −3(2x −6x −6x + y = 0) − 3y = 0 − 3y = 0 7x + 3y = 2 x+0=2 x=2 2(2) + y = 0 4+y=0 4 − 4 + y = −4 y = −4 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.5 x = 93 x=6 3(6) − y = 13 18 − y = 13 18 − 18 − y = 13 − 18 −y = −5 (−1)(−y) = (−1)(−5) y=5 distributing the multiplication on the left. Divide both sides by 15. Additive identity. Add the ﬁrst equation to the transformed second. 279. Multiply the equation by −3. See what the ﬁrst equation looks like after 5(3x − y) = 5(13) 5(3x) − 5( y) = 5(13) 15x − 5y = 65 0.

281. then line up like terms. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Divide both sides by 9. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the second equation by 2 and add to 5(−2) + y = −2 + y = −2 10 − 10 + y = 10 − 2 y=8 −10 the ﬁrst to eliminate y. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Multiply the second equation by 8 and add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. The solution for the system of equations is (12.3).8). Divide both sides by 29. Subtract y from both sides. Add 10 to both sides. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. The solution for the system of equations is (5.501 Algebra Questions Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Additive identity. Transform the second equation into a similar 2(2x − y) = 2(21) 2(2x) − 2( y) = 2(21) 4x − 2y = 42 1 2 x + 2y = 12 4 2 x + 0 = 54 4 2 x = 54 2(4 2 x = 54) 9x = 108 x = 12 2(12) − y = 21 24 − 24 − y = 21 − 24 −y = −3 y=3 1 1 1 format to the ﬁrst equation. Multiply the equation by −1. Combine like terms on each side. Add 15 to both sides. Simplify. Multiply the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction. Simplify.0). 282. Additive identity. Simplify. 3x − 15 + 15 = y + 15 3x = y + 15 3x − y = y − y + 15 3x − y = 15 8(3x − y) = 15 24x − 8y = 120 5x + 8y = 25 29x + 0 = 145 29x = 145 x=5 3(5) − 15 = y 15 − 15 = y 0=y 177 Team-LRN . Subtract 24 from both sides. Simplify. Simplify.

Additive identity.501 Algebra Questions 283. Subtract x from both sides. 284. 3x = 5 − 7y 3x + 7y = 5 − 7y + 7y 3x + 7y = 5 2y = x − 6 + 2y = x − x − 6 −x + 2y = −6 3(−x + 2y = −6) 3(−x) + 3 (2y) = 3(−6) −3x + 6y = −18 3x + 7y = 5 −x 0 + 13y = −13 y = −1 3x = 5 − 7(−1) 3x = 5 + 7 3x = 12 x=4 Divide both sides by 3. The solution for the system of equations is (4. Divide both sides by 13. Add 7y to both sides. Divide both sides by 2. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). Simplify terms. Divide both sides by −15. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Add 12 to both sides. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Multiply the second equation by −3 and add it to the ﬁrst equation to eliminate y. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify. 178 Team-LRN .6). Multiply equation by 3.−1). Add the transformed ﬁrst equation. Simplify. Additive identity. Transform the ﬁrst equation into + 6x = 0) − 18x = 0 6y + 3x = 30 0 − 15x = 30 x = −2 −6y −3(2y 2y + 6(−2) = 0 2y − 12 = 0 2y − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 2y = 12 y=6 familiar form (ax + by = c).

Use the distributive property. 286. The solution for the system of equations is (−3. Simplify. Simplify. Simplify terms. 3(2x + 7y = 36) 3(2x) + 3 (7y) = 3(36) 6x + 21y = 108 −2(3x + 4y = 15) −2(3x) − 2(4y) = −2(15) −6x − 8y = −30 6x + 21y = 108 0 + 13y = 78 y=6 3x + 4(6) = 15 3x + 24 = 15 3x + 24 − 24 = 15 − 24 3x = −9 x = −3 179 Team-LRN . Simplify terms. Additive identity. Transform the ﬁrst equation by multiplying 3( 3 + 10 = y) 3( 3 ) + 3(10) = 3( y) x + 30 = 3y x + 30 − 30 = 3y − 30 x = 3y − 30 x − 3y = 3y − 3y − 30 x − 3y = −30 3(3x + y = 20) 3(3x) + 3( y) = 3(20) 9x + 3y = 60 x − 3y = −30 10x + 0 = 30 x=3 + 10 = y 1 + 10 = y 11 = y (3) 3 x x by 3. Additive identity. Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 3 and add to the second equation to eliminate y. Add the transformed second equation to the ﬁrst. Multiply the equation by 3.6). Use the distributive property. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Subtract 30 from each side. Simplify terms. Add the transformed ﬁrst equation to the second equation. Simplify terms. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Transform the second equation into familiar form (ax + by = c). Divide both sides by 10. Simplify. Use the distributive property. Use the distributive property. Divide both sides by 3. and eliminate the x variable by adding the equations together. Subtract 3y from both sides. Second equation. Simplify terms. Subtract 24 from both sides.11). The solution for the system of equations is (3.501 Algebra Questions 285. Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 13. the second by multiplying by −2.

Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. 2(2y) − 2 (x) = 16 4y − 2x = 16 −2x + 4y = 16 2(3x − 5y = −21) 6x − 10y = −42 3(−2x + 4y = 16) −6x + 12y = 48 6x − 10y = −42 2y = 6 y=3 3x − 5(3) = −21 3x − 15 + 15 = −21 + 15 3x = −6 x = −2 288.501 Algebra Questions 287. Transform the second equation by multiplying it by 3. Simplify. add the equations together to eliminate y. Simplify terms. The solution for the system of equations is (−2. Divide both sides by 2. Divide both sides by 3. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. Simplify terms. Simplify terms.3). Distributive property. Simplify terms. Transform the second equation into a similar form to the ﬁrst equation. Simplify the ﬁrst term and subtract from both sides.9). Use the distributive property of multiplication. The solution for the system of equations is (12. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side. Divide both sides by 6 4 . Multiply the ﬁrst equation by 2 and the second equation by 3. Distributive property. 1 3 (2x − 3 y = 21) 3(2x) − 3( 3 y) = 3(21) 6x − y = 63 1 4 x + y = 12 1 6 4 x + 0 = 75 1 6 4 x = 75 64x 64 1 1 1 1 = 75 1 64 x = 12 + y = 12 3 − 3 + y = 12 − 3 y=9 1 4 (12) 180 Team-LRN . Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. and add the transformed equations to eliminate the variable x. Simplify terms and add 15 to each side. Commutative property of addition. Add the ﬁrst equation to the second. Then. Additive identity. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

6 − 5x Substitute the value of y into the second equation.1). The solution for the system of equations is (−8. 3. The solution for the system of equations is (5.1 The solution for the system of equations is (0.4 Subtract 3.5 + y = 3.4 − 3. 5(0.6 Simplify terms.15). Simplify term and add like terms. 5x − 5x + y = 3. y = 3. Simplify. 290.8 Divide both sides by 16. Substitute 3 − y for x in the second equation and solve for y.3) + y = 3. Divide both sides by 10. 181 Team-LRN .6 − 3.3 Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y.6 from both sides.6 + 16x = 8. Combine like terms on each side.2.6 − 5x Combine like terms on each side. 16x = 4. y = 2.6 Combine like terms on each side. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is x+y−y=3−y x=3−y 3(3 − y) + 101 = 7y 9 − 3y + 101 = 7y 9 + 101 − 3y = 7y 110 − 3y + 3y = 7y + 3y 110 = 10y 11 = y x + (11) = 3 x + 11 − 11 = 3 − 11 x = −8 expressed in terms of x.11).5 from both sides. 5x + y = 3. Divide both sides by 19.3. Subtract y from both sides of the equation.5 + y = 3.6 − 5x) + 21x = 8. 1. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x.5 Combine like terms on each side.501 Algebra Questions 289.4 Combine like terms. x = 0.5 − 1.6 Subtract 1.6 Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Combine like terms.6 − 1. Add 3y to both sides. 1. 291. Substitute 3x for y in the second equation and then solve for x. Use the commutative property of addition. Subtract 11 from both sides. 3. (3. Add like terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Substitute 5 for x in one of the equations. The ﬁrst equation tells you that y = 3x. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of x 4x + 5 (3x) = 95 4x + 15x = 95 19x = 95 95 x = 19 = 5 y = 3(5) = 15 is expressed in terms of y.6 + 16x = 8.

Subtract 12 from both sides.16). Simplify terms. Use the distributive property. Simplify and add 40 to both sides. Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Combine like terms. The solution for the system of equations is (36. 1 The solution for the system of equations is ( 2 . Combine like terms. Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x.4). Divide both sides by 18. Combine like terms on each side and simplify. Combine like terms. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. Combine like terms. 294. Divide both sides by 2. Substitute the value of x into one of the equations in the system and solve for y. 3(( 3 ) = y + 2) 3( 3 ) = 3y + 6 x = 3y + 6 2(3y + 6) − 4y = 32 6y + 12 − 4y = 32 6y − 4y + 12 = 32 2y + 12 − 12 = 32 − 12 2y = 20 y = 10 2x − 4(10) = 32 2x − 40 + 40 = 32 + 40 2x = 72 x = 36 y + 4x = 0 y + 4x − 4x = 0 − 4x y = −4x −7x x x Subtract 4x from both sides. 293. Add y to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by −7. (−4x) − 3x = 28 = 28 x = −4 y + 4(−4) = 0 y − 16 = 0 y = 16 182 Team-LRN . Transform the ﬁrst equation so that y is expressed in terms of x. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add 16 to both sides. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the 8x − y = 0 8x + y − y = y + 0 8x = y 10x + 8x = 9 18x = 9 1 x= 2 8( 2 ) − y = 0 4−y=0 4−y+y=0+y 4=y 1 value of x is expressed in terms of y. Combine like terms and simplify. Combine like terms on each side. Add y to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify. Multiply the equation by 3. Simplify. Simplify.10). Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. Use the commutative property of addition. Substitute the value of y into the second equation.501 Algebra Questions 292. Express y in terms of x in the ﬁrst equation. The solution for the system of equations is (−4.

10). The solution for the system of equations is (4. x=2 Substitute the found value for x into one of the equations and solve for y. Transform the ﬁrst equation so that the value of y is expressed in terms of x. Add 2 x to both sides. Transform the ﬁrst equation by eliminating 10( 10 + 5 ) = 10(1) 10( 10 ) + 10( 5 ) = 10 2x + 2y = 10 2x y 2x y Use the distributive property of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side. Transform the second equation so that the value of x is expressed in terms of y.501 Algebra Questions 295. 296. Subtract 10 from both sides. 183 Team-LRN . Combine like terms on each side. Add 5y to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 8. Combine like terms. Substitute the value of y into the second equation in the system and solve for x. Subtract 5x from both sides of the equation. Add y to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. y = 10 The solution for the system of equations is (2. Multiply both sides of the equation by 10. Divide both sides by 5 2 . the denominators. Combine like terms. 5(2) + y = 20 Simplify. Substitute the value of x into the second equation in the system and solve for y. Simplify terms. 1 5 5x − 5x + y = 20 − 5x y = 20 − 5x 3x = 2 (20 − 5x) + 1 3x = 10 − 2 x + 1 3x = 11 − 2 x 3x + 2 x = 11 + 2 x − 2 x 5 2 x = 11 52x 52 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 1 = 11 1 52 Simplify terms. 297. 10 + y = 20 Subtract 10 from both sides. Combine like terms. Simplify. Substitute the found value for y into one of the equations and solve for x. Use the distributive property of multiplication. x−y+y=5+y x=5+y 2(5 + y) + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y = 2 − 5y 10 + 2y + y + 5y = 2 − 5y + 5y 10 + 8y = 2 10 − 10 + 8y = 2 − 10 8y = −8 y = −1 x − (−1) = 5 x+1=5 x=4 −1). Use the distributive property of multiplication.

Transform the second equation so that the value = 2 x+y=5 2x + 2y 2 10 x+y−y=5−y x=5−y 3(5 − y) + 2y = 12 3(5) − 3y + 2y = 12 15 − y = 12 15 − y + y = 12 + y 15 = 12 + y 15 − 12 = 12 − 12 + y 3=y 3x + 2 (3) = 12 3x + 6 − 6 = 12 − 6 3x = 6 x=2 of x is expressed in terms of y. Combine like terms on each side. Add y to both sides. Subtract 3 from both sides. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the commutative property of addition. Add 3 to both sides. 299. Add 9 to both sides of the equation. Now express x in terms of y. Divide both sides by 3.1). Divide both sides by 7. Combine like terms. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (5. Transform the second equation so that the x − 3 + 3 = 2y + 3 x = 2y + 3 (2y + 3) + 5y = 10 2y + 5y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 = 10 7y + 3 − 3 = 10 − 3 7y = 7 y=1 x + 5(1) = 10 x + 5 − 5 = 10 − 5 x=5 value of y is expressed in terms of x. Subtract y from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions Divide both sides by 2. Combine like terms on each side. Substitute the found value for y into the ﬁrst equation and solve for x. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify. Simplify. Simplify the term and subtract 6 from both sides. 184 y + 10 − 10 = 3x − 10 y = 3x − 10 4(3x − 10) + 31 = 3x 4(3x) − 4 (10) + 31 = 3x 12x − 40 + 31 = 3x 12x − 9 = 3x 12x − 9 + 9 = 3x + 9 Team-LRN .3). Substitute the value of y into one of the equations in the system and solve for x. Subtract 5 from both sides. The solution for the system of equations is (2. Combine like terms. Substitute the value of x into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for y. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. 298. Subtract 12 from both sides. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side.

4 − 2x = −12 − 2 Subtract 4 from both sides. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y.−7). 3(4) − 3( 3 ) = 3(3y) − 3(2) Simplify each term. Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 3x from both sides. 4− Multiply both sides of the equation by 3 22 − 8y to eliminate the denominator. use the distributive property to simplify the equation. Begin with the second equation and 12x = 3x + 9 12x − 3x = 3x − 3x + 9 9x = 9 x=1 y + 10 = 3(1) y + 10 − 10 = 3 − 10 y = −7 express x in terms of y. 2(2 − x) = 3(−4) − 2 Distributive property of multiplication. 3(4 − ( 3 )) = 3(3y − 2) Use the distributive property 22 − 8y of multiplication. Combine like terms on each side. 3x + 9 = 20 − 4y 3x + 9 − 9 = 20 − 9 − 4y 3x = 11 − 4y x= 11 − 4y 3 4 − 2x = 3y − 2 4 − 2( Multiply the numerator by the factor 2. 4 − 4 − 2x = −12 − 2 − 4 −2x = −18 Simplify. The solution for the system of equations is (1. First. Use the distributive property of multiplication.−4). Add 6 to both sides. 12 − (22 − 8y) = 9y − 6 Simplify the second term and the − sign. Substitute the value of y into the ﬁrst equation in the system and solve for x. −2. Divide both sides by 3. Subtract 9 from both sides. −4 + 8y − 8y = 9y − 8y Subtract 8y from both sides. 300. 6 − 10 + 8y = 9y + 6 − 6 −4 + 8y = 9y Combine like terms on each side. x=9 Divide both sides by The solution for the system of equations is (9. Combine like terms on each side. 11 − 4y 3 ) = 3y − 2 22 − 8y ( 3 ) = 3y − 2 185 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions Combine like terms on each side. Subtract 10 from both sides. −4 = y Combine like terms on each side. Substitute the value of x into the second equation and solve for y. 12 − 22 + 8y = 9y − 6 −10 + 8y = 9y − 6 Combine like terms. Divide both sides by 9.

Tips for Working with Exponents Add and subtract like terms: When multiplying variables with exponents. the variables have exponents. but in this chapter. You will follow all the rules you have learned about operating with variables. multiplying. 13 3n + 5n = 8n. if the variables are the same. and dividing expressions that contain variables with exponents.Working with Exponents In this chapter. you will practice adding. add the exponents and write the base only once: (a4)(a3) = a(4 + 3) = a7 = ax(2 + 1)y(3 + 5) = ax3y8 (x2y3)(axy5) Team-LRN . subtracting. or 5x2y − 3x2y = 2x2y.

you multiply the exponent to form the new term: (b2)3 = b2 · b2 · b2 = b2 + b2 + b2 = b6 (2x2y)2 = 2x2y · 2x2y = 2 · 2 · x2 · x2 · y · y = 22x2+2y1+1 = 4x4y2 Remember order of operations. if the variables are the same. Generally. 2x−1 = 2( x1 ) = n−3 = 1 n3 1 2 x When the result of a division leaves an exponent of zero. r2 187 Team-LRN . the term raised to the power of zero equals 1: z0 = 1 3 r 2 = 3r 0 = 3(1) = 3 When a variable with an exponent is raised to a power.501 Algebra Questions When dividing variables with exponents. the exponent will have a negative sign: 2x3 x4 n5 n8 = 2x−1 = n5−8 = n−3 A negative numerator becomes positive when the variable is moved into the denominator. PEMDAS. you subtract the exponents: n5 n2 = n·n·n·n·n n·n = n5−2 = n3 If the exponent of a similar term in the denominator is larger than the one in the numerator. list terms in order from highest power to lowest power.

314. 4xy · 3xy + 7x2y2 308. 5ab4 − ab4 303. 3x2 + 4ax − 8a2 + 7x2 − 2ax + 7a2 306. (4a2)3 + (2a3)2 − 11a6 311. 9mn3 + 8mn + 2mn3 304. (4x2y)3 + 2x2y 322. − 321. 4x−2(5ax)2 318. 9y2 325. (2xy · x )2 + (3y)2 188 Team-LRN . 5c2 + 3c − 2c2 + 4 − 7c 305. 7ax (a2x)2 (4b)2x−2 (2ab2x)2 4 (2x2y)4 323. 313. (5a2 · 3ab) + 2a3b 309. (3xy5)2 − 11x2y2(4y4)2 315. 8xy2 2xy (3x)3 x2 • x4 (12s2)(2s4) 3s3 7a2b5 28ab2 2(3x2y)2(xy)3 3(xy)2 2x2y5 x5y3 3x−2 x5 24x3 (2x)2 2x x8 3x5 x4 (3ax)2 a2 x 310. 312. 317. (5n2)(2n5 − 2n3 + 3n7) 307. 316. (5a2x3y)3 320. − + 319. 3x2 + 9x2 302. (ab2)3 + 2b2 − (4a)3b6 324.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the following expressions: 301.

The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. add the exponents of the variables. 302. Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. or [ ]. 19x2y2 189 Team-LRN . Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 304. Combine like terms. 301. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Add like terms. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. Use the distributive property. (4 · 3xxyy) + 7x2y2 When the same variables are multiplied. (10 · n2 + 5) − (10 · n2 + 3) + (15 · n2 + 7) 10n7 − 10n5 + 15n9 Show expression in decreasing exponential order. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Combine like terms. { }. 306. Subtract like terms. ( ). 15n9 + 10n7 − 10n5 307.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression.(5 · 2 · n2n3) + (5 · 3 · n2n7) Add the exponents of the variables. 303. (12x2y2) + 7x2y2 Combine like terms. (5 · 2 · n2n5) . Use the commutative property 3x2 + 9x2 = 12x2 5ab4 − ab4 = 4ab4 9mn3 + 2mn3 + 8mn 11mn3 + 8mn 5c2 − 2c2 − 7c + 3c + 4 3c2 − 4c + 4 3x2 + 7x2 + 4ax − 2ax − 8a2 + 7a2 10x2 + 2ax − a2 (5n2)(2n5) − (5n2)(2n3) + (5n2)(3n7) of addition. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 305. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Use the commutative property of multiplication. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Use the commutative property of addition.

27x3−6 = 27x−3 27x−3 = 27x 3 When similar factors. Simplify. In the denominator. Combine like terms. or bases. When the same variables are multiplied. Combine like terms. (5 · 3a2ab) + 2a3b When the same variables are multiplied. 312. multiply the exponents of each 33x3 x2 • x4 33x3 27x3 2+4 = x6 x In the numerator. Another way of solving this problem is to multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. When similar factors. 12 · 2s2 · s4 3s3 12 · 2s2 + 4 3s3 8s6 s3 190 Team-LRN . 17a3b 309. are multiplied. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. Commutative property of multiplication. factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside of the parentheses. Divide numerical terms. 4(1)3a(2)3 + 2(1)2a(3)2 − 11a6 43a6 + 22a6 − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 311. are being divided. are being divided. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. add the exponents of similar bases. Simplify the exponent and coefﬁcients. 310. Simplify terms. When similar factors. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator.501 Algebra Questions 308. Simplify the expressions in the exponents. you subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. add the exponents of the variables. add the exponents of the variables. Simplify. or bases. or bases. 15a3b + 2a3b Combine like terms. add the exponents of the variables. Terms within parentheses are the base of 8xy2 2xy = 4xy2 xy 4xy2 xy = 4x1−1y2−1 4x0y1 = 4(1)y = 4y (4a2)(4a2)(4a2) + (2a3)(2a3) − 11a6 (4 · 4 · 4)(a2 · a2 · a2) + (2 · 2)(a3 · a3) − 11a6 64(a2+2+2) + 4(a3+3) − 11a6 64a6 + 4a6 − 11a6 57a6 the exponent outside the parentheses.

315. or bases. 317. Use the commutative property of multiplication. 313. or bases. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside = 1a2b5 4ab2 1a2b5 1a2−1b5−2 = 4 4ab2 1b3 1a 4 a1b3 1 3 4 = 4 ab the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Divide out the common factor of 7 in the 8s6−3 = 8s3 1 · 7a2b5 4 · 7ab2 numerator and denominator. Separate the coefﬁcient from the variable. 316. are multiplied. are being divided. are being divided. or bases. When similar factors. Simplify the operations in the exponents. add the exponents of the variables. Either expression is an acceptable answer. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. 6x7−2y5−2 6x5y3 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 32x2y10 − 11x2y242y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 42x2y2y8 32x2y10 − 11 · 16 · x2y10 9x2y10 − 176x2y10 −167x2y10 2(32x4y2)(x3y3) 3(x2y2) 2 · 9 · x4x3y2y3 3x2y2 2 · 9 · x4+3y2+3 3x2y2 6x7y5 x2y2 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Combine like terms. or bases. are multiplied. and simplify exponents with operations. When similar factors. are being divided. When similar factors. or bases. Evaluate numerical factors. or bases. Use the commutative property of multiplication. When similar factors. Simplify exponents. are being divided. Simplify the operations in the exponents.501 Algebra Questions When similar factors. When similar factors. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Factor out like numerical terms in the fraction. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 2x2y5 x5y3 = 2x2−5y5−3 2x2−5y5−3 = 2x−3y2 2x−3y2 = 2y2 x3 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. 4x−2(52a2x2) 4 · 52 · a2x2x−2 191 Team-LRN . 314. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. add the exponents of the variables.

Simplify the operations in the exponents. When similar factors. add the exponents. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Identity element of multiplication. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside 53a6x9y3 125a6x9y3 the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Multiply the exponents of each factor 24x3 22x2 6x3 x2 + 3x5 x4 − 32a2x2 a2x + 3x5 x4 − 9a2x2 a2x 6x3−2 + 3x5−4 − 9a2−2x2−1 6x1 + 3x1 − 9a0x1 6x + 3x − 9(1)x 6x + 3x − 9x = 0x = 0 inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. When similar factors. 321. are being divided. 320. 318. 100a2x2x−2 100a2x2−2 100a2x0 100a2(1) 100a2 subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. are being multiplied. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7a1−4x1−2 Team-LRN . or bases. Any base to the power of 0 = 1. Any term to the power of zero equals 1. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. When similar factors. or bases. are being divided. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Combine like terms. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. 319. or bases. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcient. theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients and divide out common numerical factors in the terms. When similar factors. or bases. are being divided. Subtract like terms.501 Algebra Questions Evaluate numerical terms. Simplify the operations in the exponents. Add like terms. or bases. 192 43x6y3 + 24x8y4 2x2y 43x6y3 + 24−1x8−2y4−1 43x6y3 + 23x6y3 64x6y3 + 8x6y3 72x6y3 7ax a4x2 322. are being divided. When similar factors. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the 3x−2−5 − 2x1−8 3x−7 − 2x−7 x−7 x−7 = 1 x7 parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses.

7a−3x−1 = 323. Combine like terms in the expression. are being divided. 325. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses by the exponent outside the parentheses. Evaluate numerical factors. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the paren- 7 a3x1 = 7 a3x theses by the exponent outside the parentheses. 7a−3x−1 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. Use the commutative property of multiplication. Divide out the common factor of x2 in the numerator and denominator.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the operations in the exponents. Use the commutative property of addition. a3b6 + 2b2 − 43a3b6 a3b6 + 2b2 − 64a3b6 2b2 − 64a3b6 + a3b6 2b2 − 63a3b6 42b2x−2 22a2b4x2 16b2x−2 4a2b4x2 4b2x−2 a2b4x2 4b2−4x−2−2 a2 4b−2x−4 a2 4 a2b2x4 4 324. Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. Evaluate numerical factors. When similar factors. Multiply the fraction in the ﬁrst term by the factor in the ﬁrst term. 9y2 32y2 9y2 42 (22x2y2)( x2 ) + 32y2 16 9y2 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 9y2 16 (4x2y2)( x2 ) + 1 (4x2y2)16 )+1 x2 4 · 16x2y2 ( x2 ) + 1 64x2y2 +1 x2 ( 64y2 + 1 193 Team-LRN . or bases. by the exponent outside the parentheses. Multiply the exponents of each factor inside the parentheses Evaluate the numerical coefﬁcients. Simplify the operations in the exponents. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the inverse sign for the exponent. Simplify the numerical factors in the numerator and the denominator. The last term is equivalent to 1. (2xy)2 · ( x )2 + Repeat the previous step.

and multiplying a trinomial and a binomial. you use the distributive property of multiplication to multiply each term in the polynomial by the monomial.Multiplying Polynomials This chapter will present problems for you to solve in the multiplication of polynomials. multiplying binomials (expressions with two terms). you will practice solving problems multiplying a monomial (one term) and a polynomial. Speciﬁcally. 14 a(b + c + d + e) = ab + ac + ad + ae Tips for Multiplying Polynomials When multiplying a polynomial by a monomial. Team-LRN .

(5x + 7)(5x − 7) 337. x(3x + 4y − 8) 327. 4x(9x3 + x2 − x4 + 331. ([a] + b)([c] + d) gives the term ac. I is for inner. 326. you use the mnemonic FOIL to remind you of the order with which you multiply terms in the binomials. (a + b)(c + d + e) = (ac + ad + ae) + (bc + bd + be) Multiply the following polynomials. (28x + 7)( 7 − 11) 338. (3x2 + y2)(x2 − 2y2) 339. (2x + 1)(3x − 7) 334. ac + ad + bc + bd Multiplying a trinomial by a binomial is relatively easy. Multiply each term in the trinomial by the ﬁrst and then the second term in the binomial. Multiply the last terms of each binomial.501 Algebra Questions When multiplying a binomial by a binomial. ([a] + b)(c + [d]) gives the term ad. 2a(5a2 − 7a + 9) 328. Multiply the ﬁrst terms of each binomial. (7x + 2y)(2x − 4y) 336. Then you combine the terms. (4 + x2)(9 − 4x) x 3 6x − 1 x2 ) 195 Team-LRN . (x − 4)(x − 9) 333. You proceed similarly to the way you would when using the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the inner terms of each binomial. (x + 3)(x + 5) 332. O is for outer. (x + 2)(x − 3y) 335. (a + [b])([c] + d) gives the term bc. 4bc(3b2c + 7b − 9c + 2bc2 − 8) 329. Then add the results. (a + [b])(c + [d]) gives the term bd. 3mn(−4m + 6n + 7mn2 − 3m2n) 330. Multiply the outer terms of each binomial. (a + b)(c + d) F is for ﬁrst. L is for last.

(3x + 2)(2x2 − 2x − 5) 346. (2n − 3)(2n + 3)(n + 4) 349. (3x2 + 4)(x − 3)(3x2 − 4) 196 Team-LRN . (x + 2)(2x + 1)(x − 1) 347. (x + 2)(3x2 − 4x + 1) 342. (3a − 4)(5a + 2)(a + 3) 348. (3y − 7)(6y2 − 3y + 7) 345. (2x − 3)(x3 + 3x2 − 4x) 343.501 Algebra Questions 340. (5r − 7)(3r4 + 2r2 + 6) 350. (2x2 + y2)(x2 − y2) 341. (4a + b)(5a2 + 2ab − b2) 344.

{ }. or [ ]. 3mn(−4m) + 3mn(6n) + 3mn(7mn2) − 3mn(3m2n) −12m2n + 18mn2 + 21m2n3 − 9m3n2 197 Team-LRN . Regardless of what symbol is used. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. 327. 4bc(3b2c) + 4bc(7b) − 4bc(9c) + 4bc(2bc2) − 4bc(8) 12b3c2 + 28b2c − 36bc2 + 8b2c3 − 32bc 329. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4bc.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 3mn. 326. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). Underlined expressions show the simpliﬁed result. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. x(3x) + x(4y) − x(8) 3x2 + 4xy − 8x 2a(5a2) − 2a(7a) + 2a(9) 10a3 − 14a2 + 18a Simplify terms. Multiply each term in the trinomial by x. 328. ( ). the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Simplify terms. Multiply each term in the trinomial by 2a. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied.

Multiply the last terms in each binomial. or bases. Combine like terms. 198 Team-LRN . are being divided. subtract the exponent in the denominator from the exponent in the numerator. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24(1) Simplify and put in order. 36x4 + 8x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 A base with a negative exponent in the numerator is equivalent to the same variable or base in the denominator with the 8 inverse sign for the exponent. 36x4 + x − 4x5 + 24x0 A variable to the power of zero 8 equals 1. −4x5 + 36x4 + 8 x + 24 ([x] + 3)([x] + 5) x2 ([x] + 3)(x + [ 5 ]) +5x (x + [3])([x] + 5) +3x (x + [3])(x + [5]) +15 2 + 5x + 3x + 15 x x2 + 8x + 15 ([x] − 4)([x] − 9) x2 ([x] − 4)(x − [9]) −9x (x − [4])([x] − 9) −4x (x − [4])(x − [9]) +36 x2 − 9x − 4x + 36 x2 − 13x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 36x4 + 12x1−2 − 4x5 + 24x2−2 − 4x1−2 Simplify operations in the exponents. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 − 4x−1 Use the associative property of addition. 332. Add the products of FOIL together. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 Use the distributive property in 12x 24x2 − 4x the numerator of the 4th term. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 331. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 330. Multiply each term in the polynomial by 4x. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 4x(9x3) + 4x( x2 ) − 4x(x4) + 4x( 12x 4x(6x − 1) 3 6x − 1 ) x2 Simplify terms. 36x4 + 12x−1 − 4x−1 − 4x5 + 24x0 Combine like terms. 36x4 + x2 − 4x5 + x2 When similar factors.

Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 333. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. 199 Team-LRN . Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 334. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 335. Combine like terms. ([2x] + 1)([3x] − 7) 6x2 ([2x] + 1)(3x − [7]) −14x (2x + [1])([3x] − 7) +3x (2x + [1])(3x − [7]) −7 6x2 − 14x + 3x − 7 6x2 − 11x − 7 ([x] + 2)([x] − 3y) x2 ([x] + 2)(x − [3y]) −3xy (x + [2])([x] − 3y) +2x (x + [2])(x − [3y]) −6y 2 − 3xy + 2x − 6y x ([7x] + 2y)([2x] − 4y) 14x2 ([7x] + 2y)(2x − [4y]) −28xy (7x + [2y])([2x] − 4y) +4xy (7x + [2y])(2x − [4y]) −8y2 2 − 28xy + 4xy − 8y2 14x 14x2 − 24xy − 8y2 ([5x] + 7)([5x] − 7) 25x2 ([5x] + 7)(5x − [7]) −35x (5x + [7])([5x] − 7) +35x (5x + [7] (5x − [7]) −49 25x2 − 35x + 35x − 49 25x2 − 49 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 336. Combine like terms. Use FOIL to multiply binomials.

339. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial.501 Algebra Questions 337. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. + 9x2 − 16x + 36 Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Combine like terms. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 340. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Combine like terms. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Simplify and put them in order from the highest power. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 200 ([2x2] + y2)([x2] − y2) 2x4 ([2x2] + y2)(x2 − [y2]) −2x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − y2) (2x +x2y2 (2x2 + [y2])(x2 − [y2]) −y4 4 − 2x2y2 + x2y2 − y4 2x 2x4 − x2y2 − y4 Team-LRN . 338. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to multiply binomials. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Add the products of FOIL together. ([28x] + 7)([ 7 ] − 11) 4x2 x ([28x] + 7)( 7 − [11]) −308x x (28x + [7])([ 7 ] − 11) +x x (28x + [7])( 7 − [11]) −77 2 − 308x + x − 77 4x 4x2 − 307x − 77 ([3x2] + y2)([x2] − 2y2) 3x4 ([3x2] + y2)(x2 − [2y2]) −6x2y2 2 + [y2])([x2] − 2y2 (3x +x2y2 (3x2 + [y2])(x2 − [2y2]) −2y4 4 − 6x2y2 + x2y2 − 2y4 3x 3x4 − 5x2y2 − 2y4 ([4] + x2)([9] − 4x) +36 2)(9 − [4x]) ([4] + x −16x 2])([9] − 4x) (4 + [x +9x2 2])(9 − [4x]) (4 + [x −4x3 36 − 16x + 9x2 − 4x3 −4x3 x Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial.

Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Combine like terms. [4a(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [4a(5a2) + 4a(2ab) − 4a(b2)] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] [b(5a2 + 2ab − b2)] [b(5a2) + b(2ab) − b(b2)] [5a2b + 2ab2 -b3] [20a3 + 8a2b − 4ab2] + [5a2b + 2ab2 − b3)] 20a3 + 8a2b + 5a2b − 4ab2 + 2ab2 − b3 20a3 + 13a2b − 2ab2 − b3 201 Team-LRN . Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Simplify terms. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. 2x. Use the commutative property of addition. [3x3 − 4x2 + x] + [6x2 − 8x + 2] Use the commutative property of addition. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst [2x(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [2x(x3) + 2x(3x2) − 2x(4x)] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] [−3(x3 + 3x2 − 4x)] [−3(x3) − 3(3x2) − 3(−4x)] [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x] [2x4 + 6x3 − 8x2] + [−3x3 − 9x2 + 12x)] 2x4 + 6x3 − 3x3 + 8x2 − 9x2 + 12x 2x4 + 3x3 − 17x2 + 12x term in the binomial. 3x3 + 2x2 − 7x + 2 342. Use the commutative property of addition. 343.501 Algebra Questions 341. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Combine like terms. 3x3 − 4x2 + 6x2 + x − 8x + 2 Combine like terms. Simplify terms. 4a. −3. Use the distributive property of multiplication. b. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. 2. x. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. [x(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [x(3x2) − x(4x) + x(1)] [3x3 − 4x2 + x] [2(3x2 − 4x + 1)] [2(3x2) − 2(4x) + 2(1)] [6x2 − 8x + 2] Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

in the binomial. 3x. Combine like terms. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. ([x] + 2)([2x] + 1) 2x2 Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. 2. Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. ([x] + 2)(2x + [1]) +x Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. (x + [2])([2x] + 1) +4x Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Simplify terms. Use the commutative property of addition. −7. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial.501 Algebra Questions 344. Simplify terms. 2x2 + 5x + 2 202 Team-LRN . 3y. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term 346. Combine like terms. 2x Combine like terms.. (x + [2])(2x + [1]) +2 2 + x + 4x + 2 Add the products of FOIL together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. [3y(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [3y(6y2) − 3y(3y) + 3y(7)] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] [−7(6y2 − 3y + 7)] [−7(6y2) − 7(−3y) − 7(7)] [−42y2 + 21y − 49] [18y3 − 9y2 + 21y] + [−42y2 + 21y − 49] 18y3 − 9y2 − 42y2 + 21y + 21y − 49 18y3 − 51y2 + 42y − 49 [3x(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [3x(2x2) − 3x(2x) − 3x(5)] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] [2(2x2 − 2x − 5)] [2(2x2) − 2(2x) − 2(5)] [4x2 − 4x − 10] [6x3 − 6x2 − 15x] + [4x2 − 4x − 10] 6x3 + 4x2 − 6x2 − 15x − 4x − 10 6x3 − 2x2 − 19x − 10 345.

x. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms (x − 1)(2x2 + 5x + 2) [x(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [x(2x2) + x(5x) + x(2)] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] [−1(2x2 + 5x + 2)] [−2x2 − 5x − 2] [2x3 + 5x2 + 2x] + [−2x2 − 5x − 2] 2x3 + 5x2 − 2x2 + 2x − 5x − 2 2x3 + 3x2 − 3x − 2 in the expression using FOIL. 3. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 347. Use the distributive property of multiplication. [45a2 − 42a − 24] 203 Team-LRN . 15a Combine like terms. Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. a. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. (a + 3)(15a2 − 14a − 8) Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. −1. 15a2 − 14a − 8 Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. [3(15a2) − 3(14a) − 3(8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. [a(15a2) − a(14a) -a(8)] Simplify terms. ([3a] − 4)([5a] + 2) 15a2 ([3a] − 4)(5a + [2]) +6a (3a − [4])([5a] + 2) −20a (3a − [4])(5a + [2]) −8 2 + 6a − 20a − 8 Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Simplify terms. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. [a(15a2 − 14a − 8)] Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication.

5r. Order terms from the highest to lowest power. −7. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. [15a3 − 14a2 − 8a] + [45a2 − 42a − 24] Use the commutative property of addition. [5r (3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [5r (3r4) + 5r (2r2) + 5r (6)] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] [−7(3r4 + 2r2 + 6)] [−7(3r4) − 7(2r2) − 7(6)] [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] [15r5 + 10r3 + 30r] + [−21r4 − 14r2 − 42] 15r5 − 21r4 + 10r3 − 14r2 + 30r − 42 204 Team-LRN . Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Add the products of FOIL together. Use FOIL to ﬁnd the solution.501 Algebra Questions Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Use the commutative property of addition. Combine like terms. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Simplify terms. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. 15a3 − 14a2 + 45a2 − 8a − 42a − 24 Combine like terms. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. 15a3 + 31a2 − 50a − 24 348. 349. Add the products of FOIL together. Now we again have two binomials. Multiply the trinomial by the ([2n] − 3)([2n] + 3) 4n2 ([2n] − 3)(2n + [3]) +6n (2n − [3])([2n] + 3) −6n (2n − [3])(2n + [3)] −9 2 + 6n − 6n − 9 4n 4n2 − 9 (n + 4)(4n2 − 9) ([n] + 4)([4n2] − 9) 4n3 ([n] + 4)(4n2 − [9]) −9n (n + [4])([4n2] − 9) +16n2 (n + [4])(4n2 − [9]) −36 3 − 9n + 16n2 − 36 4n 4n3 + 16n2 − 9n − 36 ﬁrst term in the binomial. Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Multiply the last terms in each binomial.

Multiply the ﬁrst two parenthetical terms in the expression using FOIL. Combine like terms. 3x2. Multiply the last terms in each binomial. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Use the distributive property of multiplication. Add the products of FOIL together. Multiply the ﬁrst terms in each binomial. Add the results of multiplying by the terms in the binomial together. Multiply the outer terms in each binomial. Simplify terms. Multiply the trinomial by the ﬁrst term in the binomial. Use the commutative property of addition.501 Algebra Questions 350. Multiply the trinomial by the second term in the binomial. ([3x2] + 4)([x] − 3) 3x3 2] + 4)(x − [3]) ([3x −9x2 2 + [4])([x] − 3) (3x +4x 2 + [4])(x − [3]) (3x −12 3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) (3x (3x2 − 4)(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12) [3x2(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [3x2 (3x3) − 3x2(9x2) + 3x2(4x) − 3x2(12)] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] [9x [−4(3x3 − 9x2 + 4x − 12)] [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] [9x5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 36x2] + [−12x3 + 36x2 − 16x + 48] 5 − 27x4 + 12x3 − 12x3 − 9x 36x2 + 36x2 − 16x + 48 5 − 27x4 − 16x + 48 9x 205 Team-LRN . Multiply the resulting trinomial by the last binomial in the original expression. Multiply the inner terms in each binomial. 3.

Factoring using the trinomial method: This method requires you to factor the ﬁrst and third terms and put the factors into the following Team-LRN . The trinomial expressions in this chapter will be in the form of x2 ± ax ± b. you look for common factors in the terms of the polynomial. 15 Tips for Factoring Polynomials Factoring using the greatest common factor: Look for a factor common to every term in the polynomial. In the ﬁrst technique. you will factor polynomials that are the difference of two perfect squares. e. The problems will be presented in random order to give you practice at recognizing which method or combination of methods will be required to factor the polynomial. Put that factor outside a set of parentheses and the polynomial inside with the factor removed from each term.Factoring Polynomials This chapter will present algebraic expressions for you to factor. Complete explanations of the solutions will follow. You can use three different techniques to factor polynomials. where a and b are whole numbers. In the second.g. The third technique. will allow you to factor algebraic expressions that have three terms. 2x2 + 8 = 2(x2 + 4) Factoring using the difference of two perfect squares: Polynomials in the form x2 − y2 can be factored into two terms: (x + y)(x − y). called the trinomial factor method.

x2 + 5x + 6 361. 4a2 − 25 355. b2 − 9b + 8 366. x2 + 10x + 25 369.501 Algebra Questions factored form: ([ ] ± [ ])([ ] ± [ ]). x2 − 16 354. c2 − 12c + 32 372. 6a + 15 352. x2 − 3x − 18 365. 36y4 − z2 370. The factors of the ﬁrst term go in the ﬁrst position in the parentheses and the factors of the third term go in the second position in each factor. 3a2x + 9ax 353. 7x4y2 − 35x2y2 + 14x2y4 357. h2 − 12h + 11 373. x2 + x − 6 362. x2 + 7x + 12 364. b2 − 4b − 21 367. e. x2 + 3x + 2 358. v4 − 13v2 − 48 375.g. b2 − 100 363. 351. Factor the following polynomials. m2 − 11m + 18 374. 9r2 − 36 359. a2 + 11a − 12 368. x2 + 2x + 1 = (x + 1)(x + 1). 7n2 − 21n 356. x2 − 2x − 8 360. x2 − 20x + 36 207 Team-LRN . x2 + 20x + 99 371.

The terms have a common factor of 7n. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. 4a2 − 25 = (2a + 5)(2a − 5) 2 − 10a + 10a − 25 = 4a2 − 25 Check using FOIL. The terms have a common factor of 3. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Factor 3 out of each term and write the expression in factored form. 353. 7x2y2(x2 − 5 + 2y2) 208 Team-LRN . Factor 7n2 − 21n = 7n(n − 3) 7x2y2 out of each term in the expression and write it in factored form. 356. Factor 7n out of each term and write the expression in factored form. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. The terms have a common factor of 3ax. Regardless of what symbol is used. ( ). Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. { }. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect 3a2x + 9ax = 3ax(a + 3) squares. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 4a2 = (2a)2. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 6a + 15 = 3(2a + 5) Factor 3ax out of each term and write the expression in factored form. 352. (2a + 5)(2a − 5) = 4a 355. 351. The terms have a common factor of 7x2y2. and 25 = 52. x2 − 16 = (x + 4)(x − 4) 2 − 4x + 4x − 16 = x2 − 16 Check using FOIL. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. (x + 4)(x − 4) = x 354. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. or [ ].

358. Place the factors (2)(4) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. which add up to 5. Since the numerical term of the polynomial is positive. The factors of x2 are x and x. 359. The factors of x2 are x and x. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. Now consider the second term in the trinomial. (x + 2)(x + 1) = x2 + x + 2x + 2 = x2 + 3x + 2 The factors are correct. 9r2 = (3r)2 and 36 = 62. which is what you need. Try using two positive signs and the factors 2 and 3. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). Place the factors into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. In order to add up to 5x. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −2x.501 Algebra Questions 357. (x + 4)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 4x − 8 = x2 + 2x − 8 Almost correct! Change the position of the factors of the numerical term and check using FOIL. (x + 2)(x + 3) = x2 + 2x + 3x + 6 = x2 + 5x + 6 209 Team-LRN . the result of multiplying the Inner and Outer terms of the trinomial factors will have to be positive. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. and the factors of 2 are 1 and 2. the signs in the factor form for trinomials will be the same because only two like signs multiplied together will result in a positive. since the third term is −8. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) and (2)(4). (x + 2)(x − 4) = x2 − 4x + 2x − 8 = x2 − 2x − 8 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. Check using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x. 360. Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. This expression can be factored using the 9r2 − 36 = (3r + 6)(3r − 6) trinomial method.

and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). The factors of x2 are x and x. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. (x + 3)(x + 4) = x2 + 3x + 4x + 12 = x2 + 7x + 12 The result is correct. b2 = (b)2 and 100 = 102. (x + 3) (x − 6) = x2 − 6x + 3x − 18 = x2 − 3x − 18 210 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 361. b2 − 100 = (b + 10)(b − 10) 2 − 10b + 10b − 100 = b2 − 100 Check using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. This is not just luck. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a −3x. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −18. 362. The factors of x2 are x and x. Only terms with opposite signs will result in a negative numerical term that you need with the third term being a −6. The factors of x2 are x and x. Since all signs are positive. (x + 3)(x − 2) = x2 − 2x + 3x − 6 = x2 + x − 6 The factors of the trinomial are now correct. The factors (3)(4) would give terms that add up to 7. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). (b + 10)(b − 10) = b 363. So use (3)(6) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. Place the factors (2)(3) into the trinomial factor form and check using FOIL. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +7x. and the factors of 6 are (1)(6) and (2)(3). use positive signs in the factored form for the trinomial. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +1x. 364. You can use logical guesses to ﬁnd the correct combination of factors and signs.

501 Algebra Questions 365. and the factors of 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). (b + 3)(b − 7) = b2 − 7b + 3b − 21 = b2 − 4b − 21 367. So let’s use (3) and (7) in the trinomial factors form because the difference between 3 and 7 is 4. Use FOIL to check the answer. Since the signs in the factors must be one positive and one negative. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to +11a. You want the result of the O and I products of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −4b. and the factors of 8 are (1)(8) or (2)(4). Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −12. and the factors of 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). Check using FOIL. The factors of b2 are b and b. (a + 12)(a − 1) = a2 − 1a + 12a − 12 = a2 + 11a − 12 211 Team-LRN . How can you get 9 from adding the two of the factors of 8? Right! Use the (1)(8). Check the answer using FOIL. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −21. The factors of a2 are a and a. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. use the factors 12 and 1 in the trinomial factors form. The middle term has a negative sign. so let’s try two negative signs. The signs within the parentheses of the factorization of the trinomial must be the same to result in a positive numerical term in the trinomial. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of b2 are b and b. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. You want the result of the O and I of the FOIL method for multiplying factors to add up to −9b. (b − 1)(b − 8) = b2 − 8b − 1b + 8 = b2 − 9b + 8 366.

The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +10x. and the factors of 25 are (1)(25) or (5)(5). (c − 4)(c − 8) = c2 − 8c − 4c + 32 = c2 − 12c + 32 212 Team-LRN . the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both be negative. So let’s use (5)(5) in the trinomial factors form and check using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 368. The sign of the numerical term is positive. Use the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares and put the roots of each factor in the proper place. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. So let’s use (9)(11) in the trinomial factors form because 9 + 11 = 20. 36y2 = (6y2)2 and z2 = (z)2. The factors of x2 are x and x. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. and the factors of 99 are (1)(99) or (3)(33) or (9)(11). This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to a +20x. To get a positive 99 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. Both terms in the polynomial are perfect squares. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. (6y 370. Check using FOIL. (6y2 + z)(6y2 − z) 2 + z)(6y2 − z) = 36y4 − 6y2z + 6y2z − z2 = 36y4 − z2 Check using FOIL. and the factors of 32 are (1)(32) or (2)(16) or (4)(8). (x + 5)(x + 5) = x2 + 5x + 5x + 25 = x2 + 10x + 25 369. The only factors of 32 that add up to 12 are 4 and 8. (x + 9)(x + 11) = x2 + 9x + 11x + 99 = x2 + 20x + 99 371. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative. The factors of x2 are x and x. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. To get a positive 25 after multiplying the factors of the trinomial expression. Check using FOIL. The factors of x2 are x and x. the signs in the two factors must both be positive or both are negative.

Use them and two subtraction signs in the trinomial factor terms. The sign of the numerical term is positive. (v + 4)(v − 4) = v2 − 4v + 4v − 16 = v2 − 16 This now makes the complete factorization of v4 − 13v2 − 48 = (v2 + 3)(v + 4)(v − 4) 213 Team-LRN . so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. So use negative signs in the trinomial factors. The only factors of 18 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 11 are 2 and 9. The sign of the numerical term is positive. and the factors of 18 are (1)(18) or (2)(9) or (3)(6). The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative. The factors of m2 are m and m. Only the product of a positive and a negative numerical term will result in −48. The factors of h2 are h and h. Factor (v2 − 16) using the form for factoring the difference of two perfect squares. Check your answer. so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The factors of v4 are (v2)(v2).501 Algebra Questions 372. This expression can be factored using the trinomial method. The sum of the results of multiplying the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors needs to add up to −11m. Use 3 and 16 and a positive and negative sign in the terms of the trinomial factors. (v2 + 3)(v2 − 16) = v4 − 16v2 + 3v2 − 48 = v4 − 13v − 48 You may notice that one of the two factors of the trinomial expression can itself be factored. (h − 1)(h − 11) = h2 − 11h − 1h + 11 = h2 − 12h + 11 373. The only factors of 48 that can be added or subtracted in any way to equal 13 are 3 and 16. and the factors of 11 are (1)(11). Check your answer using FOIL. The second term is the difference of two perfect squares. and the factors of 48 are (1)(48) or (2)(24) or (3)(16) or (4)(12) or (6)(8). (m − 2)(m − 9) = m2 − 9m − 2m + 18 = m2 − 11m + 18 374. Check your answer using FOIL.

The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term (the variable to the power of 1) is negative.501 Algebra Questions 375. Use them and two negative signs in the trinomial factor form. Check your answer using FOIL. The sign of the numerical term is positive. The factors of x2 are x and x. (x − 2)(x − 18) = x2 − 18x − 2x + 36 = x2 − 20x + 36 214 Team-LRN . The only factors of 36 that add up to 20 are 2 and 18. and the factors of 36 are (1)(36) or (2)(18) or (4)(9) or (6)(6). so the signs in the factors of our trinomial factorization must be the same. This leads one to believe that the signs in the trinomial factors will both be negative.

Team-LRN .16 Using Factoring This chapter will present polynomial expressions for you to factor. The three methods for factoring polynomial expressions are: 1. 2. When presented with a polynomial with a coefﬁcient greater than 1 for the second-degree term. use the trinomial factor form (ax ± ( ))(bx ± ( )) where a · b = the coefﬁcient of the second-degree term. List the factors of the numerical term of the trinomial and consider the choices of factors and signs that will result in the correct trinomial factorization. Greatest common factor method. all the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms were 1. In this chapter. In the previous chapter. In some cases you will ﬁnd that you can factor using more than one of the three methods of factoring polynomials on the given expression. Trinomial method. 3. Then analyze the remaining expression to determine if other factoring methods can be used. Difference of two perfect squares method. This will complicate the process of factoring by adding more possibilities to check. the coefﬁcients of the second-degree terms will often be whole numbers greater than 1. Always look to factor algebraic expressions using the greatest common factor method ﬁrst.

376. 6x2 + 15x − 36 387. place the factors into the trinomial factor form in all possible ways and use FOIL to check for the correct factorization. 6a2 − 13a − 15 384. Next. 16y2 − 36 386. 4a2 − 16a − 9 383. 8x2 − 6x − 9 216 Team-LRN . Factor the following expressions. Then list the factors of the numerical term. list the possible factors of the second-degree term. 6a2x − 39ax − 72x 390. Tips for Using Factoring When factoring a trinomial expression. 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b 388.501 Algebra Questions After choosing terms to try in the trinomial factors form. Be systematic in your attempts to be sure you try all possible choices. 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. 2a6 + a3 − 21 389. You will want to do a partial check by ﬁrst completing the O and the I part of FOIL to determine if you have the ﬁrst-degree term right. 2x2 + 7x + 6 377. use FOIL to check your guesses for the trinomial factors. 5x2 − 14x − 3 379. 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. 9x2 + 34x − 8 381. Finally. 3x2 − 3x − 18 382. ﬁrst determine the signs that will be used in the two factors. You will become better at factoring as you learn to look for the combinations of factors that will give you the required results for the ﬁrst-degree term. 6a2 − 5a − 6 385.

4ax2 − 38ax − 66a 398. 4xy3 + 6xy2 − 10xy 397. 12d2 + 7d − 12 396. 3c2 + 19c − 40 399.501 Algebra Questions 391. 5c2 − 4c − 1 392. 4x4 − 37x2 + 9 395. 8r2 + 46r + 63 394. 2a2 + 17a − 84 400. 9x3 − 4x 393. 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 217 Team-LRN .

Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. You want to get 7x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. the middle term of the trinomial. Underlined expressions show the original algebraic expression as an equation with the expression equal to its simpliﬁed result. That way. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. 376. 4x + 3x = 7x. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Check using FOIL. (2x + (3))(x + (2)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(2) + (3)x = 4x + 3x = 7x. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). { }. (2x + (6))(x + (1)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(1) + (6)x = 2x + 6 x= 8x. The numerical term 6 = (1)(6) = (2)(3). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. or [ ]. ( ). (2x + (1))(x + (6)) (2x + (6))(x + (1)) (2x + (2))(x + (3)) (2x + (3))(x + (2)) Now just consider the results of the Outer and Inner products of the terms for each guess. You could make the following guesses for the factors of the original expression. (2x + (2))(x + (3)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(3) + (2)x = 6x + 2x = 8x. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). (2x + (1))(x + (6)) will result in Outer product plus Inner product: 2x(6) + (1)x = 12x + x= 13x. Regardless of what symbol is used.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 218 Team-LRN . Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (2x)(2) = 4x and the product of the inner terms (3)(x) = 3x. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. The one that results in a ﬁrst-degree term of 7x is the factorization you want to fully check.

Place those terms into the trinomial factor form. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 5x2 = (5x)(x). so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). Place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(3) = 9x and the product of the inner terms (4)(x) = 4x. When you multiply the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors. The factors of the numerical term 3 = (1)(3). the middle term of the trinomial. 2x2 + 4x + 3x + 6 = 2x2 + 7x + 6 (2x + 3)(x + 2) = 2x2 + 7x + 6 377. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. The factors of the numerical term 12 = (1)(12) = (2)(6) = (3)(4). To get a negative sign for the numerical term.501 Algebra Questions Outer—−(2x)(2) = 4x Inner—−(3)(x) = 3x Last—−(3)(2) = 6 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. 5x(−3) = −15x. (5x + (1))(x − (3)) Check using FOIL. 5x2 − 15x + 1x − 3 = 5x2 − 14x − 3 The factors check out. The factors check out. Multiplying. the results must add up to be −14x. Then 9x + 4x = 13x. You want to get 13x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. First—−(5x)(x) = 5x2 Outer—−(5x)(−3) = −15x Inner—−(1)(x) = x Last—−(1)(−3) = −3 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL. (3x + 4)(x + 3) = 3x2 + 13x + 12 378. (3x + 4)(x + 3) Check using FOIL. Both signs in the trinomial are negative. (5x + 1)(x − 3) = 5x2 − 14x − 3 219 Team-LRN . and 1x(+1) = +1x. First—−(3x)(x) = 3x2 Outer—−(3x)(3) = 9x Inner—−(4)(x) = 4x Last—−(4)(3) = 12 Add the products of multiplication using FOIL 3x2 + 9x + 4x + 12 = 3x2 + 13x + 12 The factors check out. Adding (−15x) + (+1x) = −14x. the signs in the factors must be + and -.

Try different factors of 8. Changing position of the signs would help but not with these factors because the term would be +71x. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). 381. (3x + 2)(3x + 1) Check using FOIL. Then 3x + 6x = 9x. and don’t forget to include the factor 3 when you are done. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. Let’s try putting in factors in the trinomial factor form and see what we get. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. The sign of the numerical term is negative. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 9x2 = (9x)(x) or 9x2 = (3x)(3x). 220 Team-LRN . 9x There it is! And on only the second try.501 Algebra Questions 379. that doesn’t work. The factors of the numerical term 2 = (1)(2). No. Both signs in the trinomial are positive. The sign of the second term is negative. The factors of the numerical term 8 = (1)(8) or (2)(4). You can factor out 3 and represent the trinomial as 3(x2 − x − 6). That tells you that the result of adding the products of the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factors must result in a negative sum for the x term. place the factors in the trinomial factor form so that the product of the outer terms (3x)(1) = 3x and the product of the inner terms (2)(3x) = 6x. The sign of the numerical term is negative. (9x − 2)(x + 4) 2 + 36x − 2x − 8 = 9x2 + 34x − 8 Check using FOIL. Put the + with the 2 and the − with the 3. To get 9x from adding the result of the Outer and Inner multiplications when using FOIL. The factors of the numerical term 6 are (1)(6) or (2)(3). Be persistent and learn from your mistakes. (9x + 1)(x − 8) Using FOIL to check. (3x + 2)(3x + 1) = 9x2 + 3x + 6x + 2 = 9x2 + 9x + 2 380. The three terms have a common factor of 3. First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(1) = 3x Inner—−(2)(3x) = 6x Last—−(2)(1) = 1 The factors check out. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3x2 = (3x)(x). because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. You are looking for a positive x term in the middle of the expression. so use positive signs in the trinomial factor form. (x + 2)(x − 3) Check using FOIL. That is the only way to get a negative sign by multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. the middle term of the trinomial. we get 9x2 − 72x + 1x − 8 = 9x2 − 71x − 8.

The factors check out. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. The remaining factors (a)(5) = 5a. 221 Team-LRN . the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. (2a + 1)(2a − 9) Check using FOIL. 382. The factors of the numerical term 15 are (1)(15) or (3)(5). The factors of the numerical term 9 are (1)(9) or (3)(3). Use this information to place factors within the trinomial factor form. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. You can multiply 2a and (9) to get 18a leaving the factors 2a and (1) to get a 2a. (x + 2)(x − 3) = x2 − 3x + 2x − 6 = x2 − x − 6 Include the common factor of 3 so that 3(x + 2)(x − 3) = 3 (x2 − x − 6) = 3x2 − 3x − 18. To get a negative sign for the numerical term. The coefﬁcient of the ﬁrst-degree term is 2 less than 18. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or (2a)(3a). (6a + 5)(a − 3) Check using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 4a2 = (4a)(a) or 4a2 = (2a)(2a). the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. First—−(6a)(a) = 6a2 Outer—−(6a)(−3) = −18a Inner—−(5)(a) = 5a Last—−(5)(−3) = −15 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (6a + 5)(a − 3) = 6a2 − 18a + 5a − 15 = 6a2 − 13a − 15. We can predict that 13 = 18 − 5. To get a negative sign for the numerical term.501 Algebra Questions First—−(x)(x) = x2 Outer—−(x)(−3) = −3x Inner—−(2)(x) = 2x Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 The factors check out. 383. The factors (6a)(3) = 18a. First—−(2a)(2a) = 4a2 Outer—−(2a)(−9) = −18a Inner—−(1)(2a) = 2a Last—−(1)(−9) = −9 The result of multiplying the factors is (2a + 1)(2a − 9) = 4a2 − 18a + 2a − 9 = 4a2 − 16a − 9. But we need the thirteen to be negative so arrange the 6a and the (3) so their product is −18a.

there is a greatest common factor that could be factored out ﬁrst to leave 4(4y2 − 9). To get a negative sign for the numerical term. First—−(2x)(x) = 2x2 Outer—−(2x)(4) = 8x Inner—−(−3)(x) = −3x Last—−(−3)(4) = −12 The result of multiplying factors is 2x2 + 8x − 3x − 12 = 2x2 + 5x − 12. Now include the greatest common factor of 3 for the ﬁnal solution. Using the form for the difference of two perfect squares gives you the factors (4y + 6)(4y − 6). 386. Try a balanced factor arrangement. (2x − 3)(x + 4) Check using FOIL. 385. The factors of the numerical term 6 are (6)(1) or (2)(3). When factoring polynomials.501 Algebra Questions 384. Both signs in the trinomial expression are negative. The ﬁrst factorization is equivalent to the second because you can factor out two from each of the factors. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. However. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 6a2 = (6a)(a) or 6a2 = (2a)(3a). Use those factors in the trinomial factor form. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2x2 = (2x)(x). This will result in (2)(2)(2y + 3)(2y − 3) or 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3). First—−(3a)(2a) = 6a2 Outer—−(3a)(−3) = −9a Inner—−(2)(a) = 2a Last—−(2)(−3) = −6 Combining the results of multiplying using FOIL results in (3a + 2)(2a − 3) = 6a2 − 9a + 4a − 6 = 6a2 − 5a − 6. The trinomial looks balanced with a 6 on each end and a 5 in the middle. 4(4y2 − 9) = 4(2y + 3)(2y − 3). watch for the greatest common factors ﬁrst. Didn’t that work out nicely? A sense of balance can be useful. So the term 3(2x2 + 5x − 12) will simplify the trinomial factoring. Now you need only factor the difference of two simpler perfect squares. It’s clear that 8x − 3x = 5x. The factors of the numerical term 12 are (1)(12) or (2)(6) or (3)(4). 3(2x − 3)(x + 4) = 6x2 + 15x − 36 222 Team-LRN . The sign of the numerical term is negative. You need only factor the trinomial within the parentheses. This expression is the difference between two perfect squares. (3a + 2)(2a − 3) Check using FOIL. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 3. the signs within the trinomial factors must be + and −. The factors (2x)(4) = 8x and the remaining factors (x)(3) = 3x.

Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the ﬁrst degree term is 1(a3). Now you factor like it was a trinomial expression. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). This expression appears to be in the familiar trinomial form. The difference of 7 and 6 is 1. First—−(a3)(2a3) = 2a6 Outer—−(a3)(7) = 7a3 Inner—−(−3)(2a3) = −6a3 Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (a3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) = 2a6 + 7a3 − 6a3 − 21 = 2a6 + a3 − 21. The factors of the trinomial are correct. but what’s 223 Team-LRN . (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term 2c2 = (2c)(c). Now include the greatest common factor term. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and − because that is the only way to get a negative sign when multiplying the Last terms when checking with FOIL. The factors of the numerical term 21 are (1)(21) or (3)(7). 388. The resulting expression looks like this: 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21) The sign of the numerical term is negative. Each term in the polynomial has a common factor of 2b. 3 − 3)(2a3 + 7) (a Check using FOIL. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The second-degree term 2(a3)2 = 2(a3)(a3). First—−(2c)(c) = 2c2 Outer—−(2c)(7) = 14c Inner—−(−3)(c) = −3c Last—−(−3)(7) = −21 The product of the factors is (2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2c2 + 14c − 3c − 21 = 2c2 + 11c − 21.501 Algebra Questions 387. 2b(2c − 3)(c + 7) = 2b(2c2 + 11c − 21 = 4bc2 + 22bc − 42b with those exponents? Think of a6 = (a3)2. Place these factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the Outer and Inner (2c − 3)(c + 7) products when using FOIL to multiply are +14c and −3c. Then the expression becomes 2(a3)2 + (a3) − 21. The factors (a3)(7) = 7(a3) and the factors (2(a3))(3) = 6(a3). Check using FOIL. The sign of the numerical term is negative. The factors (2c)(7) = 14c and the associated factors (c)(3) = 3c.

the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8x2 = (x)(8x) or 8x2 = (2x)(4x). The numerical term of the trinomial 9 has factors of (1)(9) or (3)(3). (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The only factors of the second-degree term are (c)(5c). The numerical term of the trinomial 1 has factors of (1)(1). The factors (2a)(8) = 16a. (2x − 3)(4x + 3) Check using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 389. so the signs 391. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign. The greatest common factor of the terms in the trinomial expression is 3x. and the corresponding 4(3) = 12. The numbers 2(3) = 6. The difference of 16 and 3 is 13. The numerical term of the trinomial has a negative sign so the signs within 224 Team-LRN . First—−(2x)(4x) = 8x2 Outer—−(2x)(3) = 6x Inner—−(−3)(4x) = −12x Last—−(−3)(3) = −9 The product of the factors (2x − 3)(4x + 3) = 8x2 + 6x − 12x − 9 = 8x2 − 6x − 9. and the related factors (a)(3) = 3a. The difference between 12 and 6 is 6. So use the second-degree term factors (2x)(4x) and the numerical factors (3)(3). The factors of the numerical term 24 are (1)(24) or (2)(12) or (3)(8) or (4)(6). Now include the greatest common factor if 3x. Place these numbers in the trinomial factor form. 3x(2a + 3)(a − 8) = 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24) = 6a2x − 39ax − 72x within the factors of the trinomial will be a + and −. Factor the trinomial expression inside the parentheses. The sign of the numerical term is negative. and check the expression using FOIL. What combination will result in a −6x when the Outer and Inner products of the multiplication of the trinomial factors are added together? Consider just the coefﬁcients of x and the numerical term factors. (2a + 3)(a − 8) First—−(2a)(a) = 2a2 Outer—−(2a)(−8) = −16a Inner—−(3)(a) = 3a Last—−(3)(−8) = −24 The result is (2a + 3)(a − 8) = 2a2 − 16a + 3a − 24 = 2a2 − 13a − 24. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the term 2a2 = (2a)(a). Factoring 3x out results in the expression 3x(2a2 − 13a − 24). Placing the numbers into the trinomial factor form is easy because there really are 390. So the signs in the trinomial factor form will have to be + and −.

8r2 + 18r + 28r + 63 = 8r2 + 46r + 63 The factors check out. so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be positive. First—−(2r)(4r) = 8r2 Outer—−(2r)(9) = 18r Inner—−(4r)(7) = 28r Last—−(7)(9) = 63 Add the result of the multiplication. Try 2r (21) and 4r (3) = 54r. Factoring x out of the expression results in x(9x2 − 4). First—−(3x)(3x) = 9x2 Outer—−(3x)(2) = 6x Inner—−(−2)(3x) = −6x Last—−(−2)(2) = −4 Include the greatest common factor x in the complete factorization. 9x2 = (3x)2 4 = 22 Using the form. (ax + ( ))(bx + ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 8r2 = (r)(8r) or (2r)(4r). the factorization of the difference of two perfect squares is (3x − 2)(3x + 2). Check using FOIL. Check using FOIL to multiply terms. Bingo! (2r + 7)(4r + 9) Check using FOIL. x(3x − 2)(3x + 2) = x(9x2 − 4) = 9x3 − 4x 393. (5c + 1)(c − 1) Check using FOIL. Nope. Let’s look at the possibilities using the 2r and 4r. You need two sets of factors that when multiplied and added will result in a 46. 392. 2r (7) + 4r (9) = 50r. Include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. Now try 2r (9) + 4r (7) = 46r. (2r + 7)(4r + 9) = 8r2 + 46r + 63 225 Team-LRN . Factor that expression using the form for the difference of two perfect squares. The terms in the trinomial expression are all positive. First—−(5c)(c) = 5c2 Outer—−(5c)(−1) = −5c Inner—−(1)(c) = c Last—−(1)(−1) = −1 The product of the factors (5c + 1)(c − 1) = 5c2 − 5c + c − 1 = 5c − 4c − 1.501 Algebra Questions no choices. Getting closer. 2r (1) + 4r (63) = 254r is too much. The terms of the expression have a greatest common factor of x. The expression inside the parentheses is the difference of two perfect squares. The numerical term 63 has the factors (1)(63) or (3)(21) or (7)(9). 2r(3) + 4r (21) = 87r is still too much. Just place the + and − signs in the right spot and you’ve got a solution.

(4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1)(x + 3)(x − 3) 395. The numerical term 9 has (1)(9) or (3)(3) as factors. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) = 12d2 + 16d − 9d − 12 = 12d2 + 7d − 12 This is the correct factorization of the original expression. Now factor the trinomial in the parentheses. The negative sign in front of the numerical term tells you that the signs of the trinomial factors will be + and −. Use FOIL to check. Those are the right terms but the wrong signs. Use these factors in the trinomial factor form. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) 226 Team-LRN . (4x2 − 1) = (2x + 1)(2x − 1) (x2 − 9) = (x + 3)(x − 3) Put the factors together to complete the factorization of the original expression. When you think of x4 = (x2)2. Let’s guess at some middle of the road factors to plug in. (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) Check using FOIL and you will ﬁnd (4x2 − 1)(x2 − 9) = 4x4 − 36x2 − x2 + 9 = 4x4 − 37x2 + 9. Now you need to notice that the factors of the original trinomial expression are both factorable. you can see that the expression is a trinomial that is easy to factor. Use the factor form for the difference of two perfect squares for each factor of the trinomial. Each term in the expression has a common factor of 2xy. What combination will result in a total of 37 when the Outer and Inner products are determined? 4x2(9) = 36x2. 1 x2 (1) =1 x2 and 36 x2 + 1x2 = 37x2. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) This expression has a nice balance to it with 12 at the extremities and a modest 7 in the middle. When factored out. The last sign is negative so the signs within the factor form will be a + and −. the expression becomes 2xy(2y2 + 3y − 5). so the signs in the trinomial factor form will be the same. (4d − 3)(3d + 4) Multiply the factors using FOIL.501 Algebra Questions 394. The sign of the ﬁrst-degree term is negative so you will use two − signs. Why? Because they are both the difference of two perfect squares. Try changing the signs around. (4d + 3)(3d − 4) Using FOIL you ﬁnd (4d + 3)(3d − 4) = 12d2 − 16d + 9d − 12 = 12d2 − 7d − 12. 396. The numerical term is positive. (ax − ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 4x4 = (x2)(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2).

The expression within the parentheses is a trinomial and can be factored. 2xy(2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2xy(2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5) = 2xy(2y2 + 3x − 5) 397. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the 227 Team-LRN . Using trial and error. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 3c2 = c(3c). the resulting expression is 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33). Now include the greatest common factor to complete the factorization of the original expression. and 22a − 3a = 19a. and a(3) = 3a. Only a (+)(-) = (-). The numerical term 5 has factors (5)(1). and 24c − 5c = 19c. The terms of the trinomial have a greatest common factor of 2a. Use those factors in the factor form in such a way that you get the result you seek. you can determine that 3c(8) = 24c. The numerical term 40 has (1)(40) or (2)(20) or (4)(10) or (5)(8) as factors. Now include the greatest common factor of the original expression to get the complete factorization of the original expression.501 Algebra Questions The factors of the second-degree term are 2y2 = y(2y). use those factors in the trinomial factor form so that the result of the multiplication of the Outer and Inner terms results in −19x. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. The numerical term 33 has (1)(33) or (3)(11) as factors. 398. Place the factors of the second degree and the numerical terms so that the result of the Outer and Inner multiplication of terms within the factor form of a trinomial expression results in a +3x. When factored out. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). (2x + 3)(x − 11) Check using FOIL. (2y + 5)( y − 1) = 2y2 − 2y + 5x − 5 = 2y2 + 3x − 5 The factors of the trinomial expression are correct. (3c − 5)(c + 8) = 3c2 + 24c − 5c − 40 = 3c2 + 19c − 40 The complete factorization of the original expression is (3c − 5)(c + 8). (2y + 5)( y − 1) Multiply using FOIL. and c(5) = 5c. Since 2a(11) = 22a. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +19c when the like terms are combined. 2a(2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2a(2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33) = 2a(2x2 − 19x − 33) numerical term has a negative sign. (2x + 3)(x − 11) = 2x2 − 22x + 3x − 33 = 2x2 − 19x − 33 The factorization of the trinomial factor is correct.

So a complete factorization would be 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3). and 24a − 7a = 17a. you can see that the expression is in the trinomial form. This expression is in trinomial form. 2a(12) = 24a. Place them in position so you get the result that you want. (2a − 7)(a + 12) = 2a2 + 24a − 7a − 84 = 2a2 + 17a − 84 The complete factorization of the original expression is (2a − 7)(a + 12). If you think of the variable as x2. Use x2 where you usually put a ﬁrst-degree variable. Let’s see: 2(2x4 + x2 − 15) = 2(2x2 − 5)(x2 + 3) = (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 It all comes out the same. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The term (4x2)2 can be factored as (4x2)2 = x2(4x2) or (2x2)(2x2). However. The factors (4x2)(3) = 12x2 and x2(10) = 10x2 will give you 12x2 − 10x2 = 2x2 when you perform the Inner and Outer multiplications and combine like terms using FOIL with the terms in the trinomial factor form. 400. Check using FOIL. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. The signs within the terms of the factor form will be + and − because the numerical term has a negative sign. The numerical term 84 has (1)(84) or (2)(42) or (3)(28) or (4)(21) or (6)(14) or (7)(12) as factors. the ﬁrst factor has a greatest common factor of 2. you would have had to factor the trinomial expression 2x4 + x2 − 15 and multiply the result by the factor 2 to equal the original expression. 228 Team-LRN . you wouldn’t have done a complete factorization of the original trinomial expression. Did you notice that you could have used the greatest common factor method to factor out a 2 from each term in the original polynomial? If you did. and a(7) = 7a. The factors of the expression will be (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3. The trinomial you will be factoring looks like this: 4(x2)2 + 2(x2) − 30. (ax + ( ))(bx − ( )) The factors of the second-degree term are 2a2 = a(2a). (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) = 4x4 + 12x2 − 10x2 − 30 = 4x4 + 2x2 − 30 The expression (4x2 − 10)(x2 + 3) is the correct factorization of the original expression. Use the factors 2a and a as the ﬁrst terms in the factor form and use (12) and (7) as the numerical terms.501 Algebra Questions 399. You want the result of multiplying and then adding the Outer and Inner terms of the trinomial factor form to result in a +17a when the like terms are combined. The numerical term 30 can be factored as (1)(30) or (2)(15) or (3)(10) or (5)(6). but if you left the factor of 2 in the term (4x2 − 10).

the difference of two perfect squares method. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). let each factor equal zero and solve for the variable. solutions for all the equations presented here can be found by factoring. The solutions will be the same for equations with or without the numerical factors. Use these methods to factor the equations that have been transformed into quadratic equations. and the trinomial factor method.Solving Quadratic Equations This chapter will give you practice in ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations. Quadratic equations are those equations that can be written in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. using the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. There will be two solutions for each quadratic equation. While there are several methods for solving quadratic equations. (Ignore numerical factors such as the 3 in the factored equation 3(x + 1)(x + 1) = 0 when ﬁnding solutions to quadratic equations.) 17 Team-LRN . Then. In the previous chapter. where a ≠ 0. you practiced factoring polynomials by using the greatest common factor method.

y2 − 15y + 56 = 0 405. 12r2 = 192 − 40r 425. 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 412.501 Algebra Questions Find the solutions to the following quadratic equations. 25r2 = 144 408. 3x2 = 19x − 20 418. 36z2 + 78z = −36 424. 7x2 = 52x − 21 423. 2n2 + 20n + 42 = 0 409. a2 + 12a + 32 = 0 404. 8y2 + 56y + 96 = 0 414. 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 422. 9x2 + 12x = −4 417. 401. 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 410. n2 − 121 = 0 403. 7a2 − 21a − 70 = 0 413. b2 + b − 90 = 0 406. 24x2 = 3(43x − 15) 230 Team-LRN . 4x2 + 4x = 15 416. 6b2 + 20b = −9b − 20 421. 100r2 = 196 411. 8b2 + 10b = 42 419. 14n2 = 7n + 21 420. x2 − 25 = 0 402. 2x2 + x = 10 415. 4x2 = 81 407.

Add 11 to both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. The solutions for the equation are x = 5 and x = −5. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal zero. The expression is the difference of two perfect (x + 5)(x − 5) = 0 (x + 5) = 0 x+5−5=0−5 x = −5 x−5=0 x−5+5=0+5 x=5 squares. (n + 11)(n − 11) = 0 (n + 11) = 0 n + 11 − 11 = 0 − 11 n = −11 n − 11 = 0 n − 11 + 11 = 0 + 11 n = 11 231 Team-LRN . 401. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. or [ ]. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). { }. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. Subtract 11 from both sides of the equation. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. Regardless of what symbol is used. Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Let the second factor = 0. The solutions for the equation are n = 11 and n = −11. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. Let the second factor equal zero. Add 5 to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. ( ). Combine like terms on each side. The solutions are underlined. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. 402. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ).

( y − 8)(y − 7) = 0 Using the zero product property. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (b + 10) = 0 b + 10 − 10 = 0 − 10 Combine like terms on each side. a=−4 Let the second factor equal zero. (b − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides. a=−8 2 + 12a + 32 = 0 are a = − 4 The solutions for the quadratic equation a and a = − 8. Subtract 81 from both sides. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). (a + 8) = 0 Subtract 8 from both sides. (b + 10)(b − 9) = 0 405. Combine like terms on each side. y=8 Let the second factor equal zero. Using the zero product property. a+8−8=0−8 Combine like terms on each side.501 Algebra Questions 403. The solutions for the equation y factor form. subtract 4 from both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial (a + 4) = 0 a+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. y=7 2 − 15y + 56 = 0 are y = 8 and y = 7. 404. subtract 10 from both sides. Subtract 9 from both sides of the equation. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. 232 4x2 − 81 = 81 − 81 4x2 − 81 = 0 (2x + 9)(2x − 9) = 0 (2x + 9) = 0 2x + 9 − 9 = 0 − 9 2x = −9 −9 2x 2 = 2 Team-LRN . 406. y−8+8=0+8 Combine like terms on each side. Using the zero product property. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. ( y − 7) = 0 Add 7 to both sides. Combine like terms on each side. (a + 4)(a + 8) = 0 factor form. Divide both sides by 2. b=9 The solutions for the quadratic equation b2 + b − 90 = 0 are b = −10 and b = 9. b−9+9=0+9 Combine like terms on each side. b = −10 Let the second factor equal zero. ( y − 8) = 0 Add 8 to both sides. y−7+7=0+7 Combine like terms on each side.

(2x − 9) = 0 Add 9 to both sides of the equation. (n + 7) = 0 Subtract 7 from both sides. Simplify. 233 Team-LRN . the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. Add 12 to both sides of the equation. Combine like terms on each side. (2n + 6)(n + 7) = 0 (2n + 6) = 0 2n + 6 − 6 = 0 − 6 2n = −6 2n −6 Divide both sides by 2. 408. 2 = 2 Simplify terms. n = −7 2 + 20n + 42 = 0 are n = −3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2n and n = −7. subtract 6 from both sides. Divide both sides by 5. Using the zero product property. Subtract 12 from both sides of the equation. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. 25r2 − 144 = 144 − 144 25r2 − 144 = 0 (5r + 12)(5r − 12) = 0. n+7−7=0−7 Combine like terms on each side. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Combine like terms on each side. (5r + 12) = 0 5r + 12 − 12 = 0 − 12 5r = −12 5r 5 = −12 5 r= 5 (5r − 12) = 0 5r − 12 + 12 = 0 + 12 5r = 12 5r 5 −2 2 = r= 12 5 2 25 2 The solution for the quadratic equation 25r2 = 144 is r = ± 2 5 . Combine like terms on each side. 2x = 9 1 Divide both sides by 2. x = 42 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x2 = 81 are x = −4 2 and x = 4 2 .501 Algebra Questions Simplify. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. x = −4 2 Let the second factor = 0. Transform the equation so that all terms are 1 1 on one side and are equal to zero. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Let the second factor = 0. Subtract 144 from both sides. n = −3 Let the second factor equal zero. 407. Simplify. Combine like terms on each side. 2x − 9 + 9 = 0 + 9 Combine like terms on both sides. Divide both sides by 5.

3(c − 13)(c + 2) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression.501 Algebra Questions 409. add 6 to both sides. Divide both sides by 10. then a = 0 or b = 0 or both = 0). Use the greatest common factor method. The expression is the difference of two perfect squares. Add 14 to both sides of the equation. r= 2 = 196 is r = ±1 2 . 410. Divide both sides by 10. The solution for the quadratic equation 100r 5 411. 3(c2 − 11c − 26) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 234 Team-LRN . Use the greatest common factor method. Using the zero product property. Using the zero product property. The equation factors into Applying the zero product property (if (a)(b) = 0. (x − 6) = 0 x−6+6=0+6 Combine like terms on each side. the solution for the quadratic equation 3x2 − 36x + 108 = 0 is x = 6. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. Let the second factor = 0. c = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3c2 − 33c − 78 = 0 are c = 13 and c = −2. Simplify terms. 3(x2 − 12x + 36) = 0 Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. add 13 to both sides. the ﬁrst factor or the second factor or both must equal 0. x=6 Since both factors of the trinomial expression are the same. c = 13 Let the second factor equal zero. Transform the equation so that all terms are on one side and are equal to zero. 100r2 − 196 = 196 − 196 100r2 − 196 = 0 (10r + 14)(10r − 14) = 0. (c − 13) = 0 c − 13 + 13 = 0 + 13 Combine like terms on each side. 3(x − 6)(x − 6) = 0 Ignore the factor 3 in the expression. Subtract 14 from both sides of the equation. Subtract 196 from both sides. (c + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. c+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. (10r + 14) = 0 10r + 14 − 14 = 0 − 14 10r = −14 10r 10 r= (10r − 14) = 0 10r − 14 + 14 = 0 + 14 10r = 14 10r 10 14 10 2 15 10 −1 2 5 = −14 = −7 5 = = 7 5 Simplify terms.

Using the zero product property. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 413. Subtract 10 from both sides of the equation. a=5 Let the second factor equal zero. Using the zero product property. x=2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 2x2 + x = 10 are x = −2 2 and x = 2. y+3−3=0−3 Simplify. Use the greatest common factor method. x−2=0 Add 2 to both sides.501 Algebra Questions 412. Use the greatest common factor method. a+2−2=0−2 Combine like terms on each side. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Ignore the factor 8 in the expression. add 5 to both sides. ( y + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. y = −4 Let the second factor equal zero. 414. (a + 2) = 0 Subtract 2 from both sides. −2 1 235 Team-LRN . 7(a2 − 3a − 10) = 0 7(a − 5)(a + 2) = 0 (a − 5) = 0 a−5+5=0+5 Combine like terms on each side. 8( y2 + 7y + 12) = 0 8( y + 4)( y + 3) = 0 ( y + 4) = 0 y+4−4=0−4 Combine like terms on each side. Combine like terms on each side. subtract 4 from both sides. Combine like terms on each side. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. a = −2 2 − 21a − 70 = 0 are a = −2 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7a and a = 5. x= 2 Let the second term equal 0. x−2+2=0+2 Simplify. Using the zero product property. subtract 5 from both sides. equation form. 2x2 + x − 10 = 10 − 10 2x2 + x − 10 = 0 (2x + 5)(x − 2) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 Simplify terms. Divide both sides by 2. y = −3 2 + 56y + 96 = 0 are y = −4 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8y and y = −3.

Divide both sides by 2. Simplify. Transform the equation into the familiar 1 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify terms. 416. the solution to the quadratic equation 9x2 + 12x = −4 is x = −2 3. Simplify. x= 3 Since both factors of the trinomial are the same. Subtract 15 from both sides of the equation. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form.501 Algebra Questions 415. Using the zero product property. Simplify. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Divide both sides by 3. x= 2 + 4x = 15 are x = −2 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 4x 2 and x = 1 2 . subtract 5 from both sides. Let the second factor equal 0. subtract 2 from both sides. 9x2 + 12x + 4 = −4 + 4 9x2 + 12x + 4 = 0 (3x + 2)(3x + 2) = 0 (3x + 2) = 0 3x + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3x = −2 3x 3 = −2 Simplify terms. Combine like terms on each side. Add 3 to both sides. Using the zero product property. −2 3 236 Team-LRN . Combine like terms on each side. Add 4 to both sides of the equation. 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 15 − 15 4x2 + 4x − 15 = 0 (2x − 3)(2x + 5) = 0 (2x + 5) = 0 2x + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 2x = −5 2x 2 = −5 2 x= 2 (2x − 3) = 0 2x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2x = 3 2x 2 −2 1 = Simplify terms. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form.

Using the zero product property. Simplify. add 7 to both sides. x=5 2 = 19x − 20 are x = 1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 3x 3 and x = 5. Ignore the factor 2 in the expression. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. b+3−3=0−3 Simplify. Combine like terms.501 Algebra Questions 417. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Combine like terms on each side. x−5+5=0+5 Simplify. Divide both sides by 3. 3x2 − 19x = 19x − 19x − 20 3x2 − 19x = −20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = −20 + 20 3x2 − 19x + 20 = 0 (3x − 4)(x − 5) = 0 (3x − 4) = 0 3x − 4 + 4 = 0 + 4 3x = 4 3x 3 = Simplify terms. 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 42 − 42 8b2 + 10b − 42 = 0 2(4b2 + 5b − 21) = 0 2(4b − 7)(b + 3) = 0 (4b − 7) = 0 4b − 7 + 7 = 0 + 7 4b = 7 4b 4 = Simplify terms. Subtract 42 from both sides of the equation. b= Now let the second term equal zero. Simplify. Divide both sides by 4. b = −3 2 + 10b = 42 are b = 1 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 8b 4 and b = −3. Subtract 19x from both sides. (b + 3) = 0 Subtract 3 from both sides. Add 20 to both sides. Using the zero product property. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. 418. Simplify. add 4 to both sides. x= Now let the second term equal zero. Use the greatest common factor method to factor out 2. 7 4 3 14 237 Team-LRN . Transform the equation into the familiar 4 3 1 13 trinomial equation form.

n+1=0 Subtract 1 from both sides. Transform the equation into the familiar 3 2 1 12 trinomial equation form. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. b+4=0 Subtract 4 from both sides. Simplify and add 20 to both sides of the equation. b = −4 2 + 20b = −9b − 20 are The solutions for the quadratic equation 6b b= −5 −5 6 6 and b = −4. Divide both sides by 2. add 3 to both sides. Ignore the factor 7 in the expression. Simplify. 238 Team-LRN . Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. b= 6 Now set the second factor equal to zero. Divide both sides by 6. subtract 5 from both sides. n= Now set the second equal to zero. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. Add 9b to both sides of the equation. n = −1 1 The solutions for the quadratic equation 14n2 = 7n + 21 are n = 1 2 and n = −1. Using the zero product property. Subtract 7n from both sides of the equation. n+1−1=0−1 Simplify. Simplify. Using the zero product property.501 Algebra Questions 419. 14n2 − 7n = 7n − 7n + 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 21 − 21 14n2 − 7n − 21 = 0 7(2n2 − n − 3) = 0 7(2n − 3)(n + 1) = 0 (2n − 3) = 0 2n − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 2n = 3 2n 2 = Simplify terms. 420. Simplify and subtract 21 from both sides. Simplify the equation. 6b2 + 20b + 9b = −9b + 9b − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 20 − 20 6b2 + 29b + 20 = 0 (6b + 5)(b + 4) = 0 (6b + 5) = 0 6b + 5 − 5 = 0 − 5 6b = −5 6b 6 = −5 Simplify terms. b+4−4=0−4 Simplify. Simplify.

Simplify and add 21 to both sides of the equation. Divide both sides by 7. Factor the greatest common factor from each term. x=6 The solutions for the quadratic equation 15x2 − 70x − 120 = 0 are x= −4 3 −4 3 and x = 6. 239 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 421. 7x2 − 52x = 52x − 52x − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 21 − 21 7x2 − 52x + 21 = 0 (7x − 3)(x − 7) = 0 (7x − 3) = 0 7x − 3 + 3 = 0 + 3 7x = 3 7x 7 = 3 3 7 Simplify terms. add 3 to both sides. Simplify. Now factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. x=7 3 The solutions for the quadratic equation 7x2 = 52x − 21 are x = 7 and x = 7. Using the zero product property. x= 7 Now set the second factor equal to zero. x−6+6=0+6 Simplify. subtract 4 from both sides. x−7+7=0+7 Simplify. Divide both sides by 3. Subtract 52x from both sides of the equation. x= 3 Add 6 to both sides. Simplify. x−7=0 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. Factor the trinomial expression using the trinomial factor form. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Simplify. Using the zero product property. 5(3x2 − 14x − 24) = 0 5(3x + 4)(x − 6) = 0 (3x + 4) = 0 3x + 4 − 4 = 0 − 4 3x = −4 3x 3 = −4 Simplify terms. 422.

The solutions for the quadratic equation and z = −2 36z2 + 78z + 36 = −36 + 36 36z2 + 78z + 36 = 0 6(6z2 + 13z + 6) = 0 6(2z + 3)(3z + 2) = 0 (2z + 3) = 0 2z + 3 − 3 = 0 − 3 2z = −3 2z 2 = −3 2 z= 2 (3z + 2) = 0 3z + 2 − 2 = 0 − 2 3z = −2 3z 3 −1 1 = −2 z= 36z2 −2 3 1 3 + 78z = −36 are z = −1 2 3 . set one factor = 0. r+6−6=0−6 Simplify. 4. Now let the second factor equal zero. 4(3r2 + 10r − 48) = 0 Now factor the trinomial expression. 424. Combine like terms. Add 36 to both sides of the equation. Simplify terms. Factor the trinomial expression into two factors. 240 2 8 3 2 23 Team-LRN . 3r = 8 Divide both sides by 3. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Transform the equation into the familiar trinomial equation form. Add (40r − 192) to both sides of the equation. Ignore the numerical factor and set the ﬁrst factor equal to zero. 3r 3 = Simplify terms. Factor out the greatest common factor from each term. (r + 6) = 0 Subtract 6 from both sides. Divide both sides by 2. 3r − 8 = 0 Add 8 to both sides. Divide both sides by 3. 3r − 8 + 8 = 0 + 8 Simplify. out of each term. Subtract 3 from both sides. Simplify terms. 4(r + 6)(3r − 8) = 0 Ignoring the numerical factor. r= The solutions for the quadratic equation 12r2 = 192 − 40r are r = −6 and r = 2 3 .501 Algebra Questions 423. Simplify terms. Subtract 2 from both sides. r = −6 Now set the second factor = 0. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 0 Factor the greatest common factor. Simplify terms. 12r2 + 40r − 192 = 192 − 40r + 40r − 192 Combine like terms.

Combine like terms. x−5=0 Add 5 to both sides. Factor the trinomial expression. x= 8 Now let the second factor = 0. = 3 8x2 = 43x − 15 24x2 3 3(43x − 15) 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 43x − 15 + 15 − 43x 8x2 + 15 − 43x = 0 8x2 − 43x + 15 = 0 (8x − 3)(x − 5) = 0 8x − 3 = 0 8x 8 = 3 3 8 Simplify terms. 241 Team-LRN . x=5 The solutions for the quadratic equation 24x2 = 3 (43x − 15) are x= 3 8 and x = 5. Use the commutative property to move terms.501 Algebra Questions 425. Divide both sides of the equation by 3. Add (15 − 43x) to both sides of the equation. Simplify terms. add 3 to both sides and divide by 8. Using the zero product property.

It is understood in mathematics that or + is telling you to ﬁnd the positive root. You will not always be able to factor polynomials by factoring whole numbers and whole number coefﬁcients. The number The radical sign under the radical sign is called the radicand. a number has two roots. The symbol − tells asks for both roots. The most thorough method for factoring is to do a prime factorization of the radicand. The symbol ± 18 Tips for Simplifying Radicals Simplify radicals by completely factoring the radicand and taking out the square root.Simplifying Radicals This chapter will give you practice in operating with radicals. one positive and one negative. tells you to ﬁnd the root of a number. Generally. Team-LRN . you to ﬁnd the negative root. In the last chapters. Nor do all trinomials with whole numbers have whole numbers for solutions. Then you look for square roots that can be factored out of the radicand. you will need to know how to operate with radicals.

multiply the terms in front of the radicals.g. and then divide the radicands. you can rationalize the expression as follows: 3 √6 = 3 √6 · √6 √6 = 3√6 6 = 1 2 6 If the radicands are the same. This is known as rationalizing the denominator.501 Algebra Questions e. 12 300 3n2 24x5 243 Team-LRN . 2x 5 = 2x 5 · 5 5 = 10x 52 = 1 52 · 10x = 1 5 10x When there is a radical in the denominator.. or 28 = 4x3 = 2·2·7= 2·2· 7=2 7 x·x· x = 2x x 2·2·x·x·x= 2·2· You may also recognize perfect squares within the radicand. you will no longer have a fractional radicand. e. If you get rid of the denominator within the radical sign. 429. e.. 6√10 3√2 = 6 3 10 2 =2 5 Simplify the following radical expressions. 427. e. then multiply the radicands and put that result under the radical sign. 4 3·7 5=4·7 3 · 5 = 28 15 Quotient property of radicals When dividing radicals.g. 428.g.g. 3 3 + 2 3 = 5 3 or 5 x − 2 x=3 x Product property of radicals When multiplying radicals. It is improper form for the radicand to be a fraction.. ﬁrst divide the terms in front of the radicals. e..g. Then you can simplify their roots out of the radical sign. radicals can be added and subtracted as if the radicals were variables. 426.

431. 3 436. 442. 434. 3 450. 2 437. −2√98 √2 √27 √72 −4 3· · 10 3 27 4 3 √15 · √105 −3 449. 445. (9 438. 50a2b 5 4 3 √7 √12xy √x 435. 447. 24 · 6 6√126 √18 244 Team-LRN . 5 64 444. 432.501 Algebra Questions 3x2 4 430. 441. 433. 446. 440. 448. 2 439. 3+7 3+2 5 7−3 28 b) a2b)(3a 5 · 3 15 16 9 56 4 · 32 √160 √2 √150 √3 8 443.

First. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. factor the radicand. factor the radicand and look for x 2 √3x 2 3· x·x 2·2 3. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Now take out the square root. 431. 428. Regardless of what symbol is used.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. factor the radicand and 3·n·n=n 24x5 = look for squares. 2·2·3=2 3 300 = 3 · 10 · 10 Now take out the square root. ( ). First. 50a2b = 2·5·5·a·a·b 2b 2 · 5 · 5 · a · a · b = 5a 245 Team-LRN . { }. factor the radicand. factor the radicand. 12 = 2·2·3 Now take out the square root of any pair of factors or any perfect squares you recognize. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. First. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. 427. or [ ]. 3x2 4 = 3·x·x 2·2 = 3· = 1 x 2 x·x 2·2 Factoring out the squares leaves This result can be written a few different ways. you can still begin by factoring the terms in the radical sign. First. 426. 6·2·2·x·x·x·x·x 6x = 2x2 6x 6 · 2 · 2 · x · x · x · x · x = 2x · x 430. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). 3 · 10 · 10 = 10 3 3n2 = 3·n·n 3 Now take out the square root. First. Underlined expressions show simpliﬁed result. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. 429. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. Take out the square roots. Although it looks complex. 3= = √3 2x = 2x 3 squares.

you must rationalize the 5 4 = √5 √4 = √5 √2 · 2 = √5 2 denominator. 433. a square root times itself is the radicand by itself. As in the previous problem. For this expression. 2 2 7 − 3 28 = 2 7 − 3 4 · 7 7−3 4·7=2 7−3·2 7 2 7 − 6 7 = −4 7 437. that is to get the radical out of the denominator. Simplify the second term of the expression by factoring the radicand. multiply the expression by 1 in a form suitable for this purpose. leaving 435. In this case. rationalize the denominator for this 3 √7 = 3 √7 · √7 √7 = 3√7 7 expression. In the denominator. Use the product property of radicals to combine the radicands in the numerator.501 Algebra Questions 432. Finally. the similar radicals were similar variables. use the product property of radicals and combine the factors in the radicand and outside the radical signs. Then see if it can be simpliﬁed any further. (9 the expression. Use the product property of radicals to simplify 246 Team-LRN . Now factor the radicand. 434. 3 3 + 7 3 + 2 5 = 10 3 + 2 5 The radical terms cannot be added further because the radicands are different. add the “like terms’’ as if √12xy √x = √12xy √x · √x √x √12xy √x · √x √x = √12xyx x √12xyx x = √3 · 4x2y x √3 · 4x2y x = 2 2x√3y x 3y. 436. a2b)(3a b) = 9 · 3a a2b · b = 27a 2 a2b2 = 27a · ab = 27a2b 5 · 3 15 = 2 · 3 5 · 15 438. combine like terms. First. In this expression. Use the identity property of multiplication and multiply the expression by 1 in a form useful for your purposes. For this expression. Use the quotient property of radicals and rationalize the denominator. Now simplify the radicand. Factoring out the square roots results in The x in the numerator and the denominator divides out.

For this term. Now use the quotient property to simplify the ﬁrst radical. √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 5 · 3√2 3 = 5 · 3√2 3 =5 2 247 Team-LRN . Factor the radicand seeking perfect squares. numerator and look for perfect squares. Use the product property to simplify the numerator. √150 √3 · √3 √3 = √150 · √3 √3 · √3 = √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 √150 · √3 3 √150 · 3 3 = = √25 · 2 · 3 · 3 3 Simplify the numerator. Simplify the fraction and factor the radicand of the second radical term. You should recognize the perfect squares 9 and 16. and you are left with 441. You could proceed in the same way as the previous √160 √2 = √4 · 4 · 2 · 5 √2 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · 5 √2 = 4√2 · √5 √2 4√2 · √5 √2 =4 5 solution. but let’s try another way. You can multiply and then factor or just factor ﬁrst. 442. Now simplify the radicand by factoring so that any perfect squares will come out of the radical sign. The common factor in both the numerator and denominator divides out. Use the product property in the numerator. You can start by using the product property 16 9 16 9 3 = 30 3 3 = 30 3 16 9 √16 √9 to simplify the expression. you will see the perfect square as 5 times 5. 6 5 · 15 = 6 5 · 5 · 3 = 6 · 5 439. √16 √9 · 32 = 32 = · · 32 32 · · 32 = 4 3 16 · 2 = 4 3 ·4 2= 56 4 √56 √4 16√2 3 √56 2 440. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and the denominator. Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator and you’re done. Use the quotient property to get the denominator out of the radicand. Rationalize the denominator.501 Algebra Questions Now look for a perfect square in the radicand. 6 5 · 15 = 6 75 = 6 25 · 3 = 6 · 5 Or if you just factor the radicand. factor the radicand in the = = √56 2 = √4 · 14 2 = 2√14 2 14.

Then factor the radicand looking for perfect −2√98 · 2 squares. You will have to rationalize the denominator. You can simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator by a factor of 3. Now rationalize the denominator. Use the commutative property of multiplication. √2 Using the product property. Now simplify terms. √2 −2√98 · √2 but ﬁrst factor the radicands and look for perfect squares. −4 −4 −4 −4 √27 √72 = √9 · 3 √36 · 2 3√3 6√2 = = 3√3 6√2 √3 2√2 √3 2√2 · √2 √2 = √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 √6 4 √3 · √2 2 · √2 · √2 = √3 · 2 2·2 = 3· 3· 27 = −4 9 · 3 = −4 3· 9·3 Simplify the perfect square. 248 Team-LRN . = − 49 · 2 · 2 = −7 · 2 = −14 2 445. Simplify the numerator. Simplify terms by using the product property in the numerator and multiplying terms in the denominator. You use the quotient property to begin rationalizing the denominator. 447. 444. Factor the numerator and simplify the perfect square in the denominator. Now use the quotient property to continue simplifying. simplify the numerator and write the product of the −2√98 · √2 −2√98 · 2 = term in the denominator. Simplify the perfect squares in the numerator and denominator. Factor 2 out of the numerator and denominator.501 Algebra Questions 443. Factor the radicand in the last radical. The expression is ﬁne the way it is. put all terms 3·3 3 3· 3 3 · 3 3 = −4 · 3 · ·3· 3· 3 = −12 · 3 = −36 4 3 in one radical sign. Using the product property. 446. 2 √2 · √2 Divide out the common factor in the numerator and denominator. The 5 becomes part of the numerator. Begin simplifying this term by rationalizing the −2√98 5 8 64 √8 = 5 √64 5√4 · 2 8 5 · 2√2 8 √8 5 √64 = 5√4 · 2 8 = 5 · 2√2 8 = 5√2 4 · √2 = √2 · √2 denominator. or it could be written as · 10 3 4 · 10 3·3 = = 4 · 10 3·3 √4 · 10 √9 √4 · 10 √9 = 2 3 2√10 3 10.

Begin by rationalizing the denominator. Why? Because you will then have the product of two identical radicals. another perfect square. 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 = 3 · 2 · 6 = 36 Use the product property to simplify the 6√126 · √18 6√126 · 18 = numerator. 449. Then 3 times 12 equals 36.501 Algebra Questions 448. 3 24 · 6 = 3 4 · 6 · 6 = 3 2 · 2 · 6 · 6 Simplify the radical. Begin by factoring the radicand of the second radical. Now simplify the whole numbers. There is more than one way to simplify √15 · √105 −3 = √15 · √15 · 7 −3 √15 · √15 · 7 −3 = √15 · √15 · √7 −3 15√7 −3 = 15√7 −3 = −5 7 an expression. Then factor the radicand 6√126 · 18 √9 · 7 · 2 · 2 · 9 √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 = = and look for perfect squares. 3 24 · 6 = 3 24 · 6 Now factor the terms in the radicand and look for perfect squares. 18 18 Simplify the whole numbers in the numerator and denominator. Now use the product property to separate the factors of the second radical term into two radical terms. = 3 = 3 =6 7 3 6√126 √18 · √18 √18 = 6√126 · √18 18 249 Team-LRN . 18 3 3 Simplify the numerator and divide out common factors in the √9 · 9 · 2 · 2 · 7 9 · 2√7 18√7 numerator and denominator. 450. Start this one by using the product property to combine the radicands. Another way is to multiply 6 and 24 to get 144.

However. When neither solution works in the original equation. you must be aware of the positive and negative roots. e. Isolate the radical on one side of an equation before using the squaring property.g.. the focus here is to use radicals to solve equations. You should always check your results in the original equation to see that both solutions work. 19 Tips for Solving Radical Equations ■ ■ ■ Squaring both sides of an equation is a valuable tool when solving radical equations. ( x + 5)2 = x + 5. there is said to be no solution. When one of the solutions does not work. it is called an extraneous solution. Use the following property: When a and b are algebraic expressions. An equation is considered a radical equation when the radicand contains a variable.Solving Radical Equations This chapter will give you more practice operating with radicals. then a2 = b2. if a = b. Squaring a radical results in the radical symbol disappearing. Team-LRN . When you use a radical to solve an equation.

462.501 Algebra Questions ■ For second degree equations. −7 3x + 46 + 24 = 38 = 10 − 13x + 43 − 4 = 29 =7 8 − 2x 2x + 3 x + 12 7x − 10 7 467. 28 √5x + 1 469. x2 = 135 453. 456. 451. 466. Watch for extraneous solutions. Check your answers. 3 468. 460. 3 463. x = 471. 3 = 10 − 465. x2 = 64 452. 4x + 3 = 2x 2 − 2x = x 3 2x 475. x = + 10 251 Team-LRN . x = 470. Solve the following radical equations. 461. 474. 457. 2 455. x = 472. 458. 454. 459. use the radical sign on both sides of the equation to ﬁnd a solution for the variable. 3 n = 13 a = 24 2x − 4 = 4 4x + 6 = 6 3x + 4 + 8 = 12 5x − 4 + 3 = 12 4x + 9 = −13 5x − 6 + 3 = 11 9 − x + 14 = 25 3x + 1 = 15 −x + 7 = 22 100x − 1 25x + 39 464. x = 473.

check out. x = ±3 15. Check by substituting in the original equation. 453. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. Show both solutions for the square root of 64. Use the radical sign on both sides of the x2 = 64 x = ±8 (8)2 = 64 64 = 64 (−8)2 = 64 64 = 64 equation. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. Check the second solution in the original equation. x = ±8. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ). or [ ]. only the positive root n = 13 is to be 252 Team-LRN . Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. check out. First. Simplify both terms. The solution is underlined. So when you substitute 169 into the original equation. Regardless of what symbol is used. Use the radical sign on both sides of the equation. Simplify the radical. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. Check the ﬁrst solution in the original equation. { }. Both solutions. x2 = 135 x = 135 = 9 · 15 = ±3 15 (3 15)2 = 135 32( 15)2 = 135 9(15) = 135 135 = 135 (−3 15)2 = 135 (−3)2( 15)2 = 135 (9)(15) = 135 135 = 135 ( n)2 = 132 n = 169 169 = 13 Check the second solution in the original equation. ( ). Once a single number appears within these parentheses. The original equation asks for only the positive root of n. 452. square both sides of the equation. 451. Both solutions.

501 Algebra Questions considered. Subtract 4 from both sides and divide by 3. 456. Divide both sides by 4 and simplify. 13 = 13 checks out. Although this may seem trivial at this point. Check the solution in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation.5 checks out. 455. Divide both sides by 2. Simplify terms. Check your solution in the original equation.5) + 6 = 6 36 = 6 6=6 3x + 4 = 4 ( 3x + 4)2 = 42 3x + 4 = 16 x=4 3(4) + 4 + 8 = 12 16 + 8 = 12 4 + 8 = 12 12 = 12 radical. 2√a 2 = 24 2 a = 12 ( a)2 = 122 a = 144 2 144 = 24 2(12) = 24 24 = 24 2x − 4 + 4 = 4 + 4 2x = 8 ( 2x)2 = 82 2x = 64 x = 32 2(32) − 4 = 4 64 − 4 = 4 8 − 4 = 4. 253 Team-LRN . Check the solution in the original equation. The solution a = 144 checks out. Divide both sides by 2. Begin by adding 4 to both sides to isolate the radical. The solution x = 7. 457. this will become important. 4 = 4 ( 4x + 6)2 = 62 4x + 6 = 36 4x = 30 x= 30 4 Combine like terms on each side. The solution x = 32 checks out. Simplify terms. Check the solution in the original equation. 454. Square both sides of the equation. Subtract 6 from both sides of the equation. Simplify terms. The solution x = 4 checks out. Simplify terms. Isolate the radical on one side of the equation. Now square both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify terms.5 4(7. Subtract 8 from both sides in order to isolate the = 7. Simplify terms. as the radical equations become more complex.

Square both sides of the equation. Simplify terms on both sides. 459. Add 4 to both sides and then divide by 5. Find the positive square root of 64 and add 3. The solution x = 17 checks out. Check the solution in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Multiply both sides by negative 1 to solve for x. 5x − 4 = 9 ( 5x − 4)2 = 92 5x − 4 = 81 x= 85 5 = 17 5(17) − 4 + 3 = 12 81 + 3 = 12 9 + 3 = 12 12 = 12 ( 4x + 9)2 = (−13)2 4x + 9 = 169 x = 40 4(40 + 9) = −13 169 = −13 13 ≠ −13 Simplify terms on both sides of the equation. Simplify terms. Add 14 and the solution x = −112 checks. Simplify terms under the radical sign. Subtract 9 from both sides. The solution x = 14 checks out. Simplify. Simplify the expression under the radical. 460. The square root of 121 is 11. Subtract 9 from both sides and then divide by 4. The radical sign calls for the positive square root. Square both sides of the equation. Substitute the solution in the original equation. Add 6 to both sides and divide the result by 5.501 Algebra Questions 458. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. The solution does not check out. There is no solution for this equation. Subtract 3 from both sides of the equation isolating the radical. 254 Team-LRN . 5x − 6 = 8 ( 5x − 6)2 = 8 2 5x − 6 = 64 x = 14 5(14) − 6 + 3 = 11 64 + 3 = 11 8 + 3 = 11 11 = 11 9 − x = 11 9 − x = 121 −x = 112 x = −112 9 − (−112) + 14 = 25 121 + 14 = 25 25 = 25 Now square both sides of the equation. Check your solution in the original equation. Subtract 14 from both sides to isolate the radical. Check the solution in the original equation. Subtract 3 from both sides isolating the radical. Find the positive square root of 81. 461.

The equation asks you to subtract the positive square root of 49 from 10.5 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 3 = 10 − 7 3=3 3x + 46 = 14 3x + 46 = 196 x = 50 3(50) + 46 + 24 = 38 196 + 24 = 38 14 + 24 = 38 38 = 38 100(0. Subtract 24 from both sides to isolate the radical. Add 1 to both sides of the equation and divide by 100. The solution x = 0. 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 − Combine like terms and simplify the equation.5) − 1 49 465. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. 463. The solution x = 8 checks out. Check the solution in the original equation. Multiply 3 by the positive root of 25. Subtract 1 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. To isolate the radical. The solution x = 50 checks out.5 checks out. Simplify terms.501 Algebra Questions 462. Square both sides of the equation. 3x + 1 = 5 ( 3x + 1)2 = 52 3x + 1 = 25 x=8 3 3(8) + 1 = 15 3 25 = 15 3(5) = 15 15 = 15 = 15 =5 −x)2 = 52 ( −x = 25 x = −25 3 −(−25) + 7 = 22 3 25 + 7 = 22 3(5) + 7 = 22 15 + 7 = 22 22 = 22 −x 3 −x Divide both sides by 3 to isolate the radical. Simplify terms under the radical. Subtract 46 from both sides of the equation and divide by 3. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Check the solution in the original equation. 255 Team-LRN . Subtract 7 from both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. The solution x = −25 checks out. Square both sides of the equation. Use the positive square root of 25. Simplify terms. 464. Square both sides of the equation. Add 100x − 1 to both sides of the equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation. Now subtract 3 from both sides. divide both sides by 3. 100x − 1 + 100x − 1 3 + 100x − 1 = 10 100x − 1 = 7 100x − 1 = 49 x = 0. Multiply both sides by negative 1. Simplify the expression under the radical sign.

Check the solution in the original equation. 469. Divide the numerator by the positive square root of 16. The solution 3 = x checks out.501 Algebra Questions 466. x2 + 2x − 8 = 0 The result is a quadratic equation. Subtract 43 from both sides and divide by 13. −7 = 10 − Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Divide both sides of the equation by 7. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. 467. 25x + 39 = 289 Subtract 39 from both sides and divide the result by 25. Evaluate the left side of the equation. x2 = 8 − 2x Transform the equation by putting all terms on one side. 289 The equation asks you to subtract the positive −7 = 10 − 17 square root of 289 from 10. 468. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 − 25x + 39 + 25x + 39 Combine like terms and simplify the equation. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Subtract 1 from both sides and divide the result by 5. 25x + 39 − 7 = 10 Add 7 to both sides of the equation. add 4 to both sides and divide the result by 3. 13x + 43 = 11 13x + 43 = 121 x=6 3 13(6) + 43 − 4 = 29 3 121 − 4 = 29 3(11) − 4 = 29 29 = 29 multiply both sides by 5x + 1. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. To isolate the radical on one side of the equation. The solution x = 6 checks out. Square both sides of the equation. The radical is alone on one side. (Refer to Chapter 16 for practice and tips for 256 Team-LRN . Square 28 = 7 5x + 1 4 = 5x + 1 16 = 5x + 1 3=x 28 √5(3) + 1 28 √16 28 4 =7 =7 =7 7=7 both sides. Solve for x by factoring using the trinomial factor form and setting each factor equal to zero and solving for x. Add 25x + 39 to both sides of the equation. Square both sides of the equation. x = 10 −7 = 10 − 25(10) + 39 Check the solution in the original equation. 25x + 39 = 17 Square both sides. Check the solution in the original equation. −7 = −7 The solution x = 10 checks out.

The only solution for the original equation is x = 3. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. The positive square root of 4 is 2. Therefore x ≠ −1. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. Evaluate the expression under the radical sign. Therefore. x= −1 is an extraneous root.501 Algebra Questions factoring quadratic equations. The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions. Check the solution in the original equation. Check the solution in the original equation.) It will be important to check each solution. Letting each factor equal zero and solving for x results in two possible solutions. The solution checks out. x = −4 is an example of an extraneous root. The radical sign calls for a positive root. Put it into standard form and factor the equation using the trinomial factor form to ﬁnd the solutions. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. Subtract 2 from both sides. x = 3 and/or −1. square both sides. With the radical alone on one side of the x2 + 2x − 8 = (x + 4)(x − 2) = 0 x+4=0 x = −4 (−4) = 8 − 2(−4) −4 −4 = 16 ≠4 x−2=0 x=2 (2) = 8 − 2(2) 2= 4 2=2 equation. Subtract 4 from both sides. Then check the solutions in the original equation. x2 = 2x + 3 x2 − 2x − 3 = (x − 3)(x + 1) = 0 (3) = (−1) = ≠1 2(3 + 3) = 2(−1) + 3 = 9=3 −1 1=1 257 Team-LRN . Therefore. 470. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. the only solution for the equation is x = 2. x cannot equal −4.

So. and the left side of the original equation when x = −3 is a negative number. x2 − x − 12 = 0 The resulting quadratic equation may have up to two solutions. (5) = 7(5) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. The second factor will give the solution x = 2. x2 − x − 12 = (x − 4)(x + 3) = 0 Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. However. x + 3 = 0 x = −3 Check each solution in the original equation to rule out an extraneous solution. x−4=0 x=4 Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. 2 = 4 or 2 = 2 There are two solutions to the original equation. x2 − 7x + 10 = 0 Factor the quadratic equation to ﬁnd the solutions. Now check the second solution to the quadratic equation in the original. Square both sides of the equation. x = −3 is not a solution. x = 2 and x = 5. Check the ﬁrst solution for the quadratic equation in the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. the radical sign indicates that the positive solution is called for. 258 x2 = 7x − 10 Team-LRN . 5 = 25 or 5 = 5 The solution x = 5 is a solution to the original equation. (4) = (4) + 12 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. and check each in the original equation to rule out any extraneous solution. x2 = x + 12 Subtract (x + 12) from both sides of the equation. 472. (2) = 7(2) − 10 Simplify the expression under the radical sign. Factor the equation to ﬁnd the solutions and check in the original equation. Subtract (7x − 10) from both sides of the equation.501 Algebra Questions 471. (−3) = (−3) + 12 You could simplify the expression under the radical sign to get the square root of 9. Now check the second possible solution in the original equation. x2 − 7x + 10 = (x − 5)(x − 2) = 0 The ﬁrst factor will give you the solution x = 5. 4 = 16 The solution x = 4 checks out.

7 2 x) 4x + 3 = 4x2 4x2 − 4x − 3 = 0 4x2 − 4x − 3 = (2x + 1)(2x − 3) = 0 2x + 1 = 0. the result will be 1 = −1.5) 9 = 3 or 3 = 3 Subtract (2 − from both sides of the equation. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. x = 1. so x = −4 2 − 7(1) = (2) 2 2 2− 1 2 7 4 1 = 2 − 13 = 4 1 4 = 1 2 = So x = is a solution. Factor using the trinomial factor form. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x. Simplify the expression. 1 2 2 − 2 x = x2 0 = x2 + 2 x − 2 0 = 2x2 + 7x − 4 2x2 + 7x − 4 = (2x − 1)(x + 4) = 0 2x − 1 = 0. Factor the result using the trinomial factor form. 474. Simplify the terms on each side of the equal sign.5 for x in the original equation. Check the solution x = −4 in the original equation. This is not true. Square both sides of the equation. 1 2 2 − 7 (−4) = (−4) 2 16 = (−4) or 4 = −4 259 Team-LRN . x = 2 . Transform the equation into a quadratic equation.5. Simplify the expression under the radical sign. x = −0. Multiply both sides of the equation by 2 to simplify the fraction. Let the ﬁrst factor equal zero and solve for x.5 for x in the original equation. Let the second factor equal zero and solve for x. Substitute 1. The only solution for the original equation is x = 1. Square both sides of the radical equation. so x ≠ −0.5) + 3 = 2(1. When you substitute −0.501 Algebra Questions 473. so x = 1 2 7 7 x + 4 = 0.5. That cannot be true for the original equation.5 2x − 3 = 0. There is one solution 1 for the original equation.5 4(1.

Add ( 2x − 10) to both sides of the equation. 260 Team-LRN .501 Algebra Questions 475. Multiply the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction. 1 Therefore. Factor using the trinomial factor form. x = −2 2 is not a solution to the original equation. Square both sides of the equation. x = 4 and/or x = −2 2 . 4 = 16 or 4 = 4 The solution x = 4 checks out as a solution for the original equation. −3 x2 = 2 x + 10 x2 − 2 x − 10 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = 0 2x2 − 3x − 20 = (x − 4)(2x + 5) = 0 3 3 4= 3 (4) 2 + 10 Simplify the radical expression. 2 ( 2 2 ) + 10 2 A negative number cannot be equal to a positive square root as the radical sign in the original expression calls for. Check the second possible solution 3 − 1 −2 1 = in the original equation. The only solution for this equation is x = 4. Letting each factor of the trinomial factors equal zero results in two possible solutions for the original 1 equation. Check the ﬁrst possible solution in the original equation.

The solutions found using the bx + c = 0. Team-LRN . but factoring is useful only for those equations that can easily be factored. In Chapter 17 you practiced using factoring to solve quadratic equations.20 Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula In this chapter. Some solutions will be in the form of whole numbers or fractions. and c are numbers. Some will be undeﬁned. as when the radicand is equal to a negative number. one when you add the radical and one when you subtract it. the solution will be x = 2a quadratic formula are also called the roots of the equation. Some will be in the form of a radical. The ± in the quadratic equation tells you that there will be two solutions. where a. The quadratic formula tells you that for any equation in the form ax2 + −b ± √b2 − 4ac . The quadratic formula will allow you to ﬁnd solutions for any quadratic equation that can be put in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. b. you will have the opportunity to practice solving equations using the quadratic formula.

x2 = −5x −2 2 488. 3x2 + 11x − 7 = 0 486. you can use a calculator to ﬁnd the value of the radical. 6x2 + 13x − 28 = 0 479. 3x2 + 5x = 0 483. 18x2 + 9x + 1 = 0 480. For solutions that contain a radical. 2x2 − 7x − 30 = 0 478. 5x2 = 18x − 17 485. 7x2 = 4(3x + 1) 494. x2 + 7x = 5 489. Reduce answers to their simplest form or to the simplest radical form. be sure to simplify the radical as you practiced in Chapter 18. x2 + 2x − 15 = 0 477. 6x2 + 17x = 28 481. 5x2 + 52x + 20 = 0 487. 5x2 − 12x + 1 = 0 262 Team-LRN . x2 + 10x + 12 = 0 492. Solve the following equations using the quadratic formula. 1 2 3x + 4x − 3 = 0 3 495.501 Algebra Questions Tips for Solving Equations with the Quadratic Formula ■ ■ ■ Transform the equation into the form ax2 + bx + c = 0. 476. 24x2 + 18x − 6 = 0 493. Use of a calculator is recommended. 14x2 = 12x + 32 482. and c in the quadratic equation to determine the solution for the original equation. 23x2 = 2(8x − 1) 491. When you are asked to ﬁnd the solution to the nearest hundredth. Use the values for a. 2x2 = 27 484. x2 = 20x − 19 490. b.

4y2 = 16y − 5 499. 11k2 − 32k + 10 = 0 263 Team-LRN . 11r2 − 4r − 7 = 0 497. 4c2 − 11c + 2 = 0 501. 5s2 + 12s − 1 = 0 500.501 Algebra Questions Find the solution to the following equations to the nearest hundredth. 3m2 + 21m − 8 = 0 498. 496.

and c. Expressions with parentheses that look like this ( ) contain either numerical substitutions or expressions that are part of a numerical expression. 264 Team-LRN . ( ). Simplify the expression under the radical sign. The equation is in the proper form. Once a single number appears within these parentheses. a = 2 b = −7 x= −(−7) c = −30 ± √(−7)2 − 4(2)(−30) 2(2) x= 7 ± √49 − (−240) 4 = 7 ± √289 4 = 7 ± 17 4 x= x= 7 + 17 4 7 − 17 4 = = 24 4 = 6 and −10 − 4 = 2. list the values for a. or [ ]. When two pair of parentheses appear side by side like this ( )( ).5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 6 and x = −2. Sometimes parentheses appear within other parentheses in numerical or algebraic expressions. the parentheses are no longer needed and need not be used the next time the entire expression is written. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 477. { }. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. perform operations in the innermost parentheses ﬁrst and work outward. it means that the expressions within are to be multiplied. 476. The solutions are underlined.5. The operations performed within these symbols are intended to show how to evaluate the various terms that make up the entire expression. and c. b. First. The equation is in the proper form.501 Algebra Questions Answers Numerical expressions in parentheses like this [ ] are operations performed on only part of the original expression. Simplify the expression. Regardless of what symbol is used. a = 1 b = 2 c = −15 x= x= x= −(2) ± √(2)2 − 4(1)(−15) 2(1) − (−60) 2 −2±√4 −2 = −2 ± √64 2 ±8 2 x= x= −2 +8 2 −2 − 8 2 = = 6 2 = 3 and −10 − 2 = 5 First. First add the terms in the numerator. and then subtract them. Find the two solutions for x by simplifying terms. Evaluate the square root of 64. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. b. list the values for a. The two solutions for the variable x are x = 3 and x = −5.

Simplify the expression. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. = First. list the values for a. b. and c. 16 1 12 = 1 3 and −42 1 = 12 = −3 2 1 1 1 3 and x = −3 2 . and c. Combine like terms on both sides. Now list the values for a. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. The equation is in the proper form. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. First transform the equation into the −6 −1 +3 36 = 36 = 6 −12 −1 x = 36 = 3 −1 −1 = 6 and x = 3 . a = 18 b = 9 c = 1 x= x= −(9) ± √(9)2 − 4(18)(1) 2(18) −9 ± √81 − 72 36 = −9 ± √9 36 = −9 ±3 36 The two solutions for the variable x are x 480. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 28 − 28 6x2 + 17x − 28 = 0 a = 6 b = 17 c = −28 x= x= −(17) ± √(17)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) −17 ± √289 + 672 12 = −17 ± √961 12 = −17 ± 31 12 x= x= + 31 12 −17 − 31 12 −17 = = 1 14 1 12 = 1 6 and −48 − 12 = 4 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 1 6 and x = −4. Simplify the expression.501 Algebra Questions 478. Simplify the expression. Subtract 88 from both sides of the equation. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. list the values for a. x= −9 and proper form. The equation is in the proper form. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 265 Team-LRN . First. a = 6 b = 13 c = −28 x= x= −(13) −13 ± √(13)2 − 4(6)(−28) 2(6) ± √169 + 672 12 = −13 ± √841 12 = −13 ± 29 12 x= x= + 29 12 −13 − 29 12 −13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 479.

However. and c values. b.501 Algebra Questions 481. Add (−12x − 32) to both sides of the equation. x= 2(2) Simplify the expression. 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 12x + 32 − 12x − 32 Combine like terms. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. there appears to be no coefﬁcient for the x term unless you realize that 0x = 0. Simplify the expression. First transform the equation into the proper form. and then your values would be a = 3. Try it yourself. In this equation. x= 2(14) Simplify the expression. x= 12 ± √144 + 1792 28 = 12 ± √1936 28 = 12 ± 44 28 x= x= 12 + 44 28 12 − 44 28 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 56 28 = 2 and −32 1 = 28 = −1 7 1 2 and x = −1 7 . a = 2 b = 0 c = −27 Substitute the values into the −(0) ± √(0)2 − 4(2)(−27) quadratic equation. −5 = = 0 6 = 0 and −10 − 2 6 = 13 equation. a = 14 b = −12 c = −32 Substitute the values into the −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(14)(−32) quadratic equation. and c. So you could write the equation in the proper form like this: 2x2 + 0x − 27 = 0 Now list the values for a. Subtract 27 from both sides of the +5 6 −5 − 5 x= 6 2 = −1 3 . 14x2 − 12x − 32 = 0 Now list the values for a. b = 5. b. x= ± √216 2(2) = ± √9 · 4 · 6 2(2) = ± 3 · 2√6 2(2) = ± 3√6 2 266 Team-LRN . you could have divided both sides of the equation by 2 before listing your a. But you could write it as 3x2 + 5x + 0 = 0. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. and c = 0. the solution would have been the same. = Yes. and c. The equation may not appear to be in proper form because there is no value for c. 482. b. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. 2x2 − 27 = 27 − 27 or 2x2 − 27 = 0. x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(3)(0) 2(3) x=− x= 5 ± √25 − 0 6 = −5 ±5 6 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 0 and x 483.

Transform the equation into the desired form. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. 267 Team-LRN . List the values of a. and c.501 Algebra Questions Simplify the radical. List the values of a. there are no solutions for this equation. The two solutions for the variable x are x = ± 1 2 484. 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 18x − 18x − 17 + 17 5x2 − 18x + 17 = 0 a = 5 b = −18 c = 17 x= x= −(−18) ± √(−18)2 − 4(5)(17) 2(5) 18 ± √324 − 340 10 = 18 ± √−16 10 and c. Subtract 18x and add 17 to both sides. and c. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 205. Simplify the expression. Since there is no rational number equal to the square root of a negative number. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. x= x= + 48 10 − 52 − 48 10 −52 = = −4 − 10 = 0.4 and x = −10. Now list the values for a. 485. ± √(52)2 − 4(5)(20) 2(5) −52 ± √2704 − 400 10 = −52 ± √2304 10 = −52 ± 48 10 Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator.4 and −100 − 10 = 10 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −0. a = 5 b = 52 c = 20 x= x= −(52) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. a = 3 b = 11 c = −7 x= x= −(11) ± √(11)2 − 4(3)(−7) 2(3) −11 ± √121 + 84 6 5 1 6 = −11 ± √205 6 = −1 6 ± 5 1 6 205 The solutions for the variable x are x = −1 6 ± 486. ± 3√6 2 = ± 12 1 1 6 6. b. Combine like terms on both sides.

Transform the equation by subtracting 69. and c. x2 + 7x − 5 = 0 a = 1 b = 7 c = −5 x= x= 1 −(7) ± √(7)2 − 4(1)(−5) 2(1) −7 ± √49 + 20 2 1 2 = −7 ± √69 2 = −3 2 ± 1 1 2 69 The solution for the variable x is x = −3 2 ± 489. multiply both sides of the equation by 2. and c. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Transform the equation into proper form. List the values of a.501 Algebra Questions 487. 490. Use the distributive property of multiplication on the right side of the equation. 2x2 = −5x − 2 2x2 + 5x + 2 = 0 a=2 b=5 c=2 x= −(5) ± √(5)2 − 4(2)(2) 2(2) −2 −1 = −5 ± √25 − 16 2(2) −5 = −8 −5 ±3 4 x= −5 +3 4 = 4 = 1 2 and x = −3 4 = 4 = −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = − 2 and x = −2. and c. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. 488. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. b. Then add 5x + 2 to both sides of the equation. and c. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. x= Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. List the values of a. Transform the equation by subtracting 5 from both sides. List the values of a. 23x2 = 16x − 2 23x2 − 16x + 2 = 0 a = 23 b = −16 c = 2 x= −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(23)(2) 2(23) 268 Team-LRN . Subtract 16x and add 2 to both sides. b. x= x= 20 ± √400 − 76 2 = 20 ± √324 2 = 20 ±18 2 20 + 18 2 20 − 18 2 = = 38 2 = 19 2 2 =1 and The two solutions for the variable x are x = 19 and x = 1. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. x2 − 20x + 19 = 0 a = 1 b = −20 c = 19 x= −(−20) ± √(−20)2 − 4(1)(19) 2(1) Simplify the expression. 20x and adding 19 to both sides of the equation. Simplify the expression. First. List the values of a.

a = 1 b = 10 c = 12 x= −(10) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. proper form.501 Algebra Questions x= 16 ± √256 − 184 2(23) = 16 ± √72 2(23) = 16 ± √4 · 9 · 2 2(23) 8 23 = ± 2 · 8 ± 2 · 3 √2 2(23) 3 23 = 8 ± 3 √2 23 = 8 23 ± 3 23 2 The solution for the variable x is x = 491. and c. and c. b. ± √(18)2 − 4(24)(−6) 2(24) −18 ± √324 + 576 48 = −18 ± √900 48 = −18 ± 30 48 x= x= + 30 48 −18 − 30 48 1 4 −18 = = 12 1 48 = 4 and −48 − 48 = 1 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 493. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. and c. List the values of a. Transform the equation into the and x = −1. First use the distributive property of multiplication. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Find the two solutions for x by adding and then subtracting in the numerator. Simplify the expression. Simplify the expression. 269 Team-LRN . b. 13 and x = −5 − a = 24 b = 18 c = −6 x= x= −(18) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. x= −10 ± √(102 − 4(1)(12) 2(1) ± √100 − 48 2 = −10 ± √52 2 = −10 ± √4 · 13 2 = −10 ± 2√13 2 = −5 ± 13. 13 The two solutions for the variable x are x = −5 + 492. Then subtract (12x + 4) from both sides. 7x2 = 4(3x) + 4(1) = 12x + 4 7x2 − 12x − 4 = 0 a=7 b = −12 c = −4 x= x= −(−12) ± √(−12)2 − 4(7)(−4) 2(7) 12 ± √144 + 112 14 = 12 ± √256 14 = 12 ± 16 14 x= x= 12 + 16 14 12 − 16 14 = = 28 14 −4 14 = 2 and = −2 7 −2 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 2 and x = 7 . b. 2. Simplify the expression. List the values of a. List the values of a.

64 The two solutions for the variable r are r = 1 and r = −0. List the values of a.17 6 = = 2. Simplify the expression.64. and c. Substitute into the expression and simplify.17 6 −21 − 23.17.36 and −44. r= Find the two solutions for r by adding and then subtracting in the numerator.17 6 = 0.36 and m = −7. List the values of a. b.17 = −7. = 6 ± √31 5 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 496. 6 + √31 5 and x = a = 11 b = −4 x= −(−4) c = −7 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. ± √(−4)2 − 4(11)(−7) 2(11) Simplify the expression. + 3√73 8 and x = 9 − 3√73 . b. and c.501 Algebra Questions 494. you get Simplify the terms.36 6 The two solutions for the variable m are m = 0. 270 Team-LRN . 497. Simplify the expression. b. a = 3 b = 21 c = −8 m= m= −(21) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. Simplify the expression. 4x2 + 9x − 36 = 0 a = 4 b = 9 c = −36 x= x= = −(9) 1 3 3 ± √(9)2 − 4(4)(−36) 2(4) −9 ± √657 ± √81 + 576 = 8 8 −9 ± √9 · 73 −9 ± 3 √73 = 8 8 −9 −9 The two solutions for the variable x are x = 495. b. List the values of a. Using the distributive property. 12 ± √144 − 20 = x= 2(5) ± √(−12)2 − 4(5)(1) 2(5) = 12 ± √4 · 31 2(5) = 12 ± 2√31 2(5) 6 − √31 5 . ± √(21)2 − 4(3)(−8) 2(3) −21 ± √441 + 96 6 = −21 ± √537 6 m= m= −21 + 23. You could use the fractions as values for a and b. and c. but it might be easier to ﬁrst transform the equation by multiplying it by 12.36. 8 a = 5 b = −12 x= 12 ± √124 2(5) −(−12) c=1 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. The square root of 537 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 23. List the values of a. and c. 12( 3 x2 + 4 x − 3 = 0) 12(13x2) + 12( 4 x) − 12(3) = 12(0). r = r= 4 ± √16 + 308 22 4 + 18 22 4 − 18 22 = 4 ± √324 22 = 4 ± 18 22 = = 22 22 = 1 and −14 − 22 = 0.

81 and s = 500. and c.36.17 22 32 − 24.32) 2. Substitute into the expression and simplify. 499. a = 5 b = 12 c = −1 s= −(12) Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.43 1. 271 Team-LRN . s= The square root of 164 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 12. and c.17 22 = 32 ± √584 22 = 32 ± 24.48. b. ± √(−32)2 − 4(11)(10) 2(11) 32 ± √1024 − 440 22 32 + 24. Simplify the expression. and c.66 and y = 0.43 = = 8 8 8 11 + 9.32.55 and 8 11 − 9. s= −12 ± √144 + 20 10 = −12 ± √164 10 −12 + 12. Simplify the expression.34 8 and The two solutions for the variable y are y = 3.34.55 and c = 0. List the values of a.55 and = 7.17 22 = 56. 16 ± √256 − 80 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 16y − 5 − 16y + 5 4y2 − 16y + 5 = 0 a = 4 b = −16 c = 5 y= = −(−16) ± √(−16)2 − 4(4)(5) 2(4) 16 ± √176 8 = 16 ± √16 · 11 8 = 16 ± 4√11 8 y= y= 16 + 4 (3.36 The two solutions for the variable k are k = 2.81 10 = 0. and c. a = 11 b = −32 k= k= k= k= −(−32) c = 10 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.20 8 The two solutions for the variable c are c = 2.55 and k = 0.66 8 16 − 4(3. ± √(−11)2 − 4(4)(2) 2(4) 11 ± √121 − 32 11 ± √89 11 ± 9.081 −24. b.43 20. Simplify the expression.28 = 8 = 3.8322 = 0. List the values of a.81 10 −12 = 0.43 = 8 = 2.81 10 = 10 = −2. Substitute into the expression and simplify. ± √(12)2 − 4(5)(−1) 2(5) Simplify the expression. List the values of a. List the values of a.81.32) 29.501 Algebra Questions 498.17 22 = 2. −(−11) c=2 Substitute the values into the quadratic equation. b. Combine like terms.20. a = 4 b = −11 c= c= c= c= 501. − 12.48 The two solutions for the variable s are s = 0. b. Substitute the values into the quadratic equation.72 = 8 = 0. Transform the equation by subtracting 16y from and adding 5 to both sides.57 = 8 = 0.08 and s = −2. y= 8 The square root of 11 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 3.

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