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Powers of the Legislative Branch (Congress):

- Can create a law

- Can tax ( who they want, and decided what to do with the money collected)
- Can overide executive laws
- Declare war
- Establish a military (Army, Navy, and Airforce)
- Borrow and create money
- Regulate interstate commerce
- Establish rules for the naturilization of immigrants
Also, “make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing
Powers ”

Powers of the Executive Branch (President):

- Ensure that laws are carried out

- Enforcement of collecting taxes
- Enforcement of major US government agencies (i.e. Homeland Security)
- Sign or veto bill
- Sign treaty
- Grant pardons
- Head of State
- Head of Government
- Chief Diplomat
- Commander in Chief
- Chief Legislator

Powers of Judiciary Branch (Supreme Court):

- Interpret laws
- Challenge laws & legislations
- Power to establish courts
- Power to subpoena

Functions of Congress:
Intro of a bill:

1. A bill is first popularized by lobyist who campaign for the bill, once it becomes popular enough,
it gets directed to the appropriate committee

2. If it is approved, it then moves to the senate or house

3. While the bill is being voted on, members may speak about the bill for limited periods of time
4. Before the bill arrives on the presidents desk, it must pass both houses (the senate and house of
5. Finally, the president may either veto the bill or do nothing
6. Congress has the option of attempting to pocket veto or let the bill die

Functions of the President:

1. The president runs the country with the help of his cabinet who he personally elects.
2. The president is also aided by the Vice President. He is second in command and assumes many
major responsibilities. However the VP’s major job is to be ready at all times to assume the
position of president incase of death, illness, or any circumstance where the president cannot
operate at full capacity.
3. Hrlps enforce the law through government law enforcement as well local police agencies.

Functions of Supreme Court:

- The Supreme Court has two fundamental functions. On the one hand, it must interpret and
expound all congressional enactments brought before it in proper cases; in this respect its role
parallels that of the state courts of final resort in making the decisive interpretation of state law.
On the other hand, the Supreme Court has power (superseding that of all other courts) to examine
federal and state statutes and executive actions to determine whether they conform to the U.S.

- When the court rules against the constitutionality of a statute or an executive action, its decision
can be overcome only if the Constitution is amended or if the court later overrules itself or
modifies its previous opinion. The decisions are not confined to the specific cases, but rather are
intended to guide legislatures and executive authority; thereby they mold the development of law.
Thus, in the U.S. governmental system the Supreme Court potentially wields the highest power.

- Can remove ineffective officials through the power of impeachment

- Can serve untill death