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Nouns
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Verbs

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c rases

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OY There was a substantial increase in the value of stocks on March 15th.
OY £ouse prices rose dramatically in July.
OY The number of tourists visiting New York fell sharply in October.
OY The percentage of students walking to school continued to rise gradually over the ten year period from 2000-2010.
OY There was a sharp increase in employee turnover after the strike.
OY ?nterest in environmental issues has risen steadily over the last 10 years.
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1.Y  ± the word percent comes after a number

Examples:
More than 25% of the students are from Brazil.
More than 25 percent of the students come from Brazil.
2.Y  - The word percentage comes after words like the, a, this and that. Often, it is preceded by an
Examples:
A small percentage of residents have lived in the building for more than 20 years.
The percentage of students who live on campus has fallen sharply since the fire.
3.Y Dor numbers up to ten, write the numbers in words. Dor numbers over 10, you can write the numbers in numbers.
Examples:
Dive percent of the employees were late this month.
More than 50 percent of the students handed in their assignments late after the long weekend.
4.Y ?f the sentence starts with a number, always write it in words.
Examples: Wrong: 25 students were from China.
Right: Twenty-five students were from China.
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Take note of the following prepositions which you will need to describe dates, numbers and comparisons:
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?n December,
?n 2005,
Drom 2001-2010,
By 1998,
Between 1965-1969
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?ncrease of 25%
Decreased by 10%
Dell from 200 in July to 150 in August
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Compared to
Compared with
Relative to
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To prepare yourself to complete Task 1, follow the five steps below:
1.Y Learn to recognize and identify different graphic forms, such as line graphs, bar charts, pie charts, etc.

2.Y Know what key information, comparisons and trends to look out for.

3.Y Practice using the specific vocabulary required to describe those trends.

4.Y Learn how to follow a plan to start, complete and finish your answer. Use sample Task 1 questions, included on this
website, to practice writing out a full response. At first, do not time yourself. Later, once you've got the hang of it,
time yourself and make sure you finish in 20 minutes.

## 5.Y Know what NOT to include in your response.

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To be able to complete Task 1 in 20 minutes or less, write your answer according to the following plan:
1.Y Write one sentence to introduce the subject and graphic.

2.Y Write one or two sentences to show the relationship between the data or to comment on the main trend.

3.Y Write an in-depth description of the information given. ?nclude details from the most important to the least
important, depending on time.

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Only describe the data. Don not give your interpretation of it. You are not being asked why you think the data in the chart
is the way it is, so do not write about that.
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A bar chart consists of rectangular bars arranged horizontally or vertically from the x or y axis.
The length of a bar shows the values it represents. The values are listed on one axis and each bar shows what is being
measured on the other axis. Bar charts are useful for comparing data. ?n studying a bar chart, you may want to look for
the following information:
OY Which is the tallest bar?
OY Which is the shortest bar?
OY £ave the bars changed over time? £ow?
OY £ow do the bars compare to each other?
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A pie charts is a circular chart divided into sectors or pie slices. ?t presents information in segments of a circle or pie, which
together add up to 100%. £ere's a
OY Which is the largest segment?
OY Which is the smallest segment?
OY £ow do the segments compare with each other?
Y

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A line graph plots the changes in data over time:
OY What is the highest level / point?
OY What is the lowest level / point?
OY ?s there a point till when the trend was increasing or decreasing?
OY When did the trend change?
Y

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A table presents information in different categories, making it easy to compare.
The sample table below shows the percentage of students who came to college on foot, by car, bicycle or public
transportation, at Williams College in the year 2005-2006.
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Look out for the following:
OY What is the highest figure?
OY What is the lowest figure?
OY What is second highest, etc.?
Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y