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BIOLOGIA

EGEOLOGIA
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$$00ad0a$ca0a.07tic.a$ pi/0ha$0/a$, $0900u a0ea0000a00pee00.a0t0 po-
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0do0gr.a0de$bl000000sq 00004/ital00ur a00betas0i00.a

An.ascentestennis constenipotest.aifest0es.euleaisection.

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Coones0e0two p1has0inti0rd.a Terra para al0a0a0s4es00.a0i00890au
era.elev.asterner$einstseusistern etubs4u penetrasota
vapor0a90a8a0a00es$80a0a9up/hie Ace007al ge00i0a0i/07a00.a0040de8088al.a
press0para 00ire00gaeeti0a a/are$de tu/bi08e90a80/0/4%

ee0100ha00%28000ca04 le0a pa0a p0004a00de0egiaEm Po4tu9a co0hit.al


0eaha 0e0a0i0ha0de5.0Pero0bu0o0st04i/is0, 0cal0r p0weed0
we0iord.a ernae0a0pa0aa0au0e000date000a//a004/a%

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tis.ah000bi para8e00/00dae0000%a6a0qui age 00%Ao0ee0000010
0de0a09%00000.90es.a00 000urahap00007$.a[/$

Atividade vulcnica e alterabes climaticas


at7via0la0cap00e.e00de00000a1a 0i40a0/a$, p00w0car al00a0sch07.8/.a$
ha e0up4a0p0Jeer 0pa000cha, a0ear0ea$08a09er 00/aloe bee u.a
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a4huv.as80 Po.eon a0a$et.aha$9a00$00a00/04a0de0/01a$ca4a,0/
poeone0ea0eposeuepoeaeta0sin.eeluioiesw.aloes
hat0p-rat.a a0bi000du0a0u0er0 p0i0000de0\00

oloo9oahist00a0a lea0is0a0 pi0000de9a4leatiihadew0la0asir7/ta0a.Est.a


at/0id.a00la0ave00aw.as.a 000i00i000plat.a 0up0e$44 0000/0w.a0p0%
e0007e001a000bas.a0000s000es.Apa000000i/00/pi00a0a0a$a0.8$,al900ie0/%-
taste0a0ua00he00$aa0/ha.es0b/e0china0a he0a0$000/00/0e00pa0

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- 2. Sismologia
suer
hos$.000i0700$0i/a00i00d.a he test/04 000pa9an at000$0d.a$4
chars, 009i.a.a$pl.alb10a0bus4a0dee0erg%a a0la00ire0i00da era, p0he0/0tef
.00e0 04a0.a0.a0048pa0a09er h0a0G$000000pre0e0hi000e0/e000%
0nosiness0ab.seen.itoe$eouioeouostabeonais fros er
0.a0$4@phi

Origer dos sismos


hes ea.aioi4ossisoos ter 4as.stoics poetenser pros oe
00we00000.a900a/000el.a0/00a0d0$0on a a/iaca0iaea pore$la00100
go.a0e01as.a0dee7a 00 aha pl000lap00e0a00i.ad4$ 00007.a$0a$up1hi. boste
ta000$090000ha4cha0via$00%80%8$,0000, p0re.00100.e0pi00es./es0e$.a
0sienna.an$esisoar0is

04sis0nod00ig0 t40040$800$0as9i90./a0/v0see1.0a$$00a010s0ah.%%-fa%8
cniahas0alt0he0a p0la a0vi.ate4t0a a00010ah0a$ p00000w00000ea/00e010/80.%

d0is b0ooh80/0a.0

u.as0aha.a$004a0908ha$0008$$a0709e0/09ioe01a001a0/he$0a00wi00.Pe0Col
ta0iofaha$a0/0.0us0ea0001a0000as0.90a090/00ha a0al700a$004.8pl.a
tecoca0e pl0a$,$.0200as0qte0aha0r au00./a00e$ate$0

Ate0rissole0xi0tecaisoe oie.doses e4tori$soi


0oaf.ala$av.as, 0ei./0a000/a0ep0stei04beta4a0et au0a1a$0.%8
oca%A00ia 000es.a00el0000000au as00rastet000a$wa00eh0/001.a0100a4
chars.A0eha0es.a 000001.a0war.a% lo0a000.a0100, b00oa000u0
e0er9ia poteia au00.ha a004ha$ e0w0vi.ae00/an 0 /uu0a a01.$04/80a$.%0
.eenesisteneiosmateriaiochsos4estesness.ah.nestieaetelibertaeetoi
atone4a4e4eon$ioicase\sis iste. poeoeanus.is

0local ointerior 0a era 000e090090i9a0hip0407004000$$0/0a$up/he


awe10a00hp00e010/0, sit0a$0ep400 /0a00e 9e0ale0. 0$00$e0/0000
0a0 ie0id400l

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energiaiera.a000000$4$000 000pa9as0a00000.a 00a$is0i0a80780$0a$0-
cha.0000a$a0di040see90000/a/000a$0or7es000dee$a00i0$$/$07400, a0a0a000
porcheeaa$uh0

we4ids$ii it.eetonente pogo4on.a\aniieon.aetiis


r04hos0suavesseieten prooeeiostensi

Ga00 sis0te0 0i90 00 u0$0ea00e0uh.a0de0000ire0ow/0/al 0d0%


biooos.ae00ga00a010007a800.8$$ad0a0004a00 p0e 9ea 0a 000hag9a0h. 0u
0a00a0.a0dee0es0aa90a0dew0/had0ea0i099a010$0d0$.800a040/000Ca
e0007700a01000a009800t.a

Ondas sismicas e instrumentos de registo


4 00is9up00i00ip.a0$00ha$$/$040a.800 00pa9an00ie0i0a err.a00a%
tern.as (ta0b04/ha0.a0a% tries04p000/ea0u/es0/.a70dacha.a0.-
0ea8$up/ho0a$0p fii [l

0efoupoi.arias0ooa00gr0/%al- 00pa9a070a0es0a0i0000.a0
sis0i0 ha00war a004ha$$900a000000.a9a0,pa0a a0e0140.a0%
ta$9era00000/ei0e0i80.a4a0a000ad.a$, pi0up/0w0anal0a00dew0
Soar$pine8sac/9aa0pr%i. Popa9a0e0 0i0$0/70%,h0/0049a0$0.
o00.a000a0awl0/a70/00aa4a00di00e00i0ii

0ea04s044hi%a00as/8094.l%-.008gap0p00i4a0070ea0%80
$is0i0 0a0$a010/000a0es00a19/0.a0$a0ire4a004 0000a.a0. Pr0pa9a0- a00.a
e00i0$0/70e0e000a07100.ate0i80$8$0a 08$$a90.$07ale0a00dose0w0
h00dasine00.a$ pa0000hip0e0/0a009000e0100.60000000ch9a08$0pf
cie0$000ha00. /s00dew-a0fa00de ape010.a000/we/00id.a000l00a.0
quee0a00se0hie0e070e 0000 0008a0

0ea$0phi.a%+ 0i901.a0-00a100a000a$i00i0/$a0gene0010e0a9000007a$0pf
hie terns084ia0100000800%a00es0/0/00a$,$80000.a$00ape9010a790a4a000

0eh.agenda0hayiighouire0prow0au 0owietolip0000a$pa0i0a
do0ei0pa0pep0000hara0i0ea004 0/00a9a4a00a 00a,ta$0000a$00ha0.%
$up0hi00a890.% Prop0a9a-e01000i0$00%el00i0%

0eal0nods0low. out0a-po0woea000 00wi0000010072007.a 0a$pa/00a


ra 0r4a0pep0hula0ire00008a400a$0d4$. P10a9a07-a00.a$407

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a f00ma0$0$00-90808 0/l...2

As ondas sismicas e as descontinuidades internas


0interior a Terra0.0eh0009eoeo ape900a200a 0fee07e co0tu0, 0de01.9id.a4
igel0opes bi0a

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0eat.es.airers.en4or$uni(ow.aiaenterohue]e
04a900a$0$diet.a0ee0on ow.a0 0a000p4%
aw.a%a0w000l

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bu0as.0qui/a00eel.a00/a0$$a0200a0000hie004a$$/9/ha/0.a$0180a 0000/i-
da0$4000009ids010/%.000a00ale040daTetra pa0a04a0.l

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e4roe4rosteaenauonenente 0tat

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paa000e000.Lo0o090000/a,01a$eta40$$/$00/0i.as.08a$8up1hi. 40
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[A pa00i0140e lat/ue00epic0000, a0sf0ea0a00401,08$a$010ha$D0.0
e00/0100a$$00,a0a040d4140de lat0, 008 200a00000/a$00.a0a8001a.Ah0-$.
00a pa00a004aPg.ecower.a e0000a$, wot.a00/0e$0a$.00$$$0a$0,80000.0a
eoseaprohuoa$$000i0$$510%

Determinaco do epicentro de um sismo


a01.al9e00$/$0097a0asp000e0e000a a0st.a0hep07al00o. a000.a00e0
a es.a40$007090ah0a0090$00000900000es0/00e0010/0, apa0a0he004a
terv.ao001000ch9a0a0a$00a$P¢Sparr0des0ew.a/0e0a80p//000a004ha$
eta0b000s/el0ete000.a a001a000e00$000. /ioee010ha.al04a0a4a0000pie000
eu0 /00e$$0pa0a00e a100.a00.2ado.#sins0i0$is00/09ia$00e0de$000 w.a0i.a
es0a0es$is009/ahas0uhae0cha0$is0009a07%8a000b90v.a000i0 e0 te0000al

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0e po4oneieoetosuens,seloeahcoopoeeoepieet
- bi/00h000$/$04
6a0700000/70 $/$000a8$00a4$PS0r0pagan-see0000a$a$0i0es,a0a
Ase$ta00$$907098a$0e9$0.a0718$000ha$$0070a$a80$0$0$000.a00as./a0a00a0e00%
da$0.a0$09009aha00e00000000re70090900da$000a$be00e9is000a$00ha
perocaca0a00$.a070/a0e$$aes.a0a0e00e00000$00000dt.a0epic010aloe0.a0
00a004000a0/0a$0a0$007090ahas.80i09uh$pa0a00000al00a00288008..a 00
epic.e00/0$00/0040$.$80700$0a0040008est.a0$.6000e0040a00/000a0e$0bi$p0
pi0e0s,tree$0.a0$$0077090a01hp0$/welt/a9ha0$0000$850, p00eh.%
dete000a4000.a00e0000/0

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haves00ca/coda0dee0ae0/00e000ec9a1a0d.a$00a0te0po0c/egad.a
da$00ha$/para0a0a0a0as0/0$e$.a0$0090a0a,e00000/0au0g0a0te00100
dist.a0a0$le009/wee00i0a a 00.a0/a[e0/0/a00ca0a$.a0ee0100/a00
ece00/0

Depoe para0a0 0d.a$4.a0$ $0$0009aha, 0dee0ha. 0u0 0apa0.a0cur00.%

cu0e00007e$.0000804ala00ae0.a800000a0000$00/a00.a040a00$ta00a0
central6po00ode in0$a00a0/es0cu/er008000re$0000a0l00a 0epe00/00/7l

,


-- 00
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Avalia~do dos sismos
a a0ala u0 $is00, u0.7a07-00.a$e4al$. a00.al.a0/.a0 it00ha0e cal%
0a0a7.a0e0a90.dechtet

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pei0$$/$00$0re0e0if0i0,000700104804 0.a$

A intensiha0de00400a 9a002a0i90/0$8, 008800.ala000$a000be0/0.a40$0


w.a04es$0$80000/0%a/gun 0e00000d00$0d040/a90%, 0q in000oat00de
no A dent existeun.owes4a on.ais/irose0ueteonecontuieabile
a00$0/040as4a8-/000/a 9.a
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egi00s/0/aau000.8p0di0$0$a$$00a00a80009we0/ha0a00hie00-
tes int01sad. l0$st.ass.0hi0ha$00.a9i0.80%a$000000. p000sun 000 00he
0$is0no0ore4oatesitens.ia tin0nap.eisist isossist4eta]
0eh0a00n.a a0eie0.0a0de001.a8007%8, 0one000e00a0e9i0e00.al

hes0a00a90/0hehtr 0a000a0a0giahe.aa00hip00/0, p000


reset4nwal4up4a$e
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a0ea0a0ala00e09/00aha000es/00a0000/000i00e0a0i9idea0a00cha000/id.a

Sismos e tectonica de placs


Ge0ea4e9i%ass0i0ha 00 0$0plat.a 00ore en fa%8/00ah0.a1a$0.%a 0004.ha
0doh0e$0d.a$p/a0asec0ia%0i/a.it0pl.a.0e0id0a.st.a0ha09e009Ca
0de$as0gi0$. /Noe010a0100, a$pa0a$,apes.a0e00e0av.a0000igi.as.ta0$0/70
0def000a000se0in004 e0is0id00el.a.ah.a$a0/0a$0$0007$00 p4%4lo4$0$00%-sis-
ca intra.pc8Afl. 0ep/es010aa00bi0900a00$000%

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.e0eons$ii nets.epeesonude8i«Se4ueaoeenosl.es
40serve.av0enoslniecoon moonetoscoeergeessesubu

As fronteiras pa8$00000.a$ 0eub044a0000re$00000as49i0$008$/70a0d.a


era.a9era0-00000a p00/0/00$,0up0e00air 700in0e pr0huh.a

Astibui0000000/0i000a$fr000ei0a pha0a$000008sub040000hi0.80
au0a070000e00.a 0la0a$0a0uaep00/00eh/irai040a4a00es9ah0a070.0

A$ii$soi4ors.as0ee.sics eviget#siienosnihes4er8air
dare0a.ala0/a01sh0000a00es.9e0a0700. 0.a0 a.Ca

Sismicidade em Portugal
A sis0i0ah«Portugal cootie0tale0a0el.a0/0a8000a$0a p0 aea0lee010/%
asp/aca$Ai.a0aeEuroe#siaca000a a00id.a00de fa/ha$l0aha0ha$a$000. 00huh0
do0a boste0a0000/al8a0/0a$es0.al0.aha$pot0000t070000. 60a00a0a000i0la
d0A0es,e000t/as0 p0no tripe9u00a pa0a$Euro-Asiatic.a Ania0a/Nor-
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0a040ala$00%al 00000.as00 hi70de pl.acarnies/alas0a$/00.a074

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Previsdo e prevenao do nisco sismico
Ee.boa0or1a 0e2ease00la0$04$/07000/ a010.$00er0ale 1000cheaater$i0.f-
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0 p0Miner7up4a00a$0i.a$0de0000oar0.A0pa,00es090al04f0a0a$, 000007
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6a000.0Os$0a0a0407 2001.a$ 0000a1a, a0/es00.a0 0000.4/$000.a0a8$-
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• 3. Estudo da estrutura interna da Terra

M~todos diretos

Vulcanismo
Aas00est00000wu.ca0907009e0/090st0a0es0a0a0as80000es00i0he004d.a
era,j80u0wee$la0a0pa0a0000/a0 a0 0s001ea pr0/u004a4$0up000
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I 113
- 2. Transporte nos animais

Sistemas de transporte

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- Dominio 2
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- Domini0 4
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- Dominio l5
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Ne at lecao digital:
11ano 12.' ano
Bi logia 6el
• % Hirstdria
Mat ,
Portugud
A

Com este lvro, elabor


ado de acordo com
as Aprendiagens Essenciais, pole:

Aurnentar a tua compreensdo com a explicac.do de to0dos


0s 0onte0dos.

Reforcar o teu de tpenho atraves de 60 cues.tbes com


res.posta detalhhada, que incluem itens de car
dter experimental

Melhorar os teus result ados com feedback imnedato online


do teste diagnostico e do simulador de exares.

Apolio e recursos digitalis em:

www.eanee.vaeducacao.Con

I -l