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Science-8 Trimester One Practice Exam (Made by Cassie

Kemmler)

Answers I. True-False (1 pts. each)

__________________1) Modern agricultural machines increase


productivity but increase erosion + crop damage.

__________________2) Gravel with large pore spaces is a good


aerator.

__________________3) NO is needed to build up O3.

__________________ 4) Anaerobic bacterial breaks down


organic waste.

__________________ 5) Subsoil is darker than topsoil because


of the humus found in subsoil

__________________ 6) Steam power dominated the Industrial


Revolution.

__________________7) Diversion terraces are best suited for


sheet erosion

__________________ 8) Sub-surface irrigation is better in


regions like the Great Southwest.

__________________ 9) The rate at which soil can be replaced


is called the tolerance value.

__________________ 10) Phosphorous + calcium + potassium


= 3 primary nutrients that plant need from soil.

__________________ 11) The combine harvester with multiple


coulters cuts a variety of crops.

__________________ 12) Nitrates can be synthetic or organic.


__________________ 13) As altitude increases pressure +
temperature also increase.

__________________ 14) Productivity = quality of crop.

__________________ 15) The landfill variables originally were 2


cm long by 6 cm wide.

Answers II. Multiple Choice (1 pts. each)

_______________ 1) Particulates: A) attrition


B) fission C) vaporization D)
combustion

_______________ 2) 78% of clean air: A) SO4 B)


CO2 C) 7N D) O2

_______________ 3) Acidic waste pumped out of landfills:


A) H2CO3 B) CH4
C) leachate D) SO2 + SO4

_______________ 4) Modern planting tool: A) jab planter


B) no-till drill C) machete D) steam
powered grain drill

_______________ 5) U.S. farms: A) poor productivity


B) synthetic fertilizers C) small tools
D) greatest yield per acre

_______________ 6) Best Aeration: A) loam B) sand


C) clay D) mud

_______________ 7) Farmers on the Great Plains planted trees


and shrubs that helped reduce erosion by:
A) reduced the speed of wind
B) increasing the amount of infiltration
C) preventing the formation of gullies
D) preventing mass erosion

_______________ 8) Adding humus to the soil ________ the


soil’s ability to hold water: A) increases B) decreases

_______________ 9) Catalyst for nuclear fusion: A) heat


energy B) light energy C) millions degrees
celsius D) free neutrons

_______________ 10) Greenhouse gases: A) CO2 /


CH4 / 7N B) SO2 / CO2 / 7N C) CO2 / CH4 / H2O vapor

_______________ 11) Needed for the growth of leaves + stems:


A) calcium B) oxygen C) nitrogen D)
phosphorous

_______________ 12) Windbreaks = used to prevent:


A) gully erosion B) leaching C) sheet
erosion D) rill erosion

_______________ 13) Compost: A) synthetic


B) pollution C) pest control D) organic

_______________ 14) Sub surface irrigation: A) reduces


water loss B) covers more land C) mobile
D) spray

_______________ 15) Rock phosphate: A) synthetic


fertilizer B) biosolid C) organic fertilizer
D) simple digging tool

Answers III. Completion (1 pts. each)

________________________________ 1) _____ is a synthetic


fertilizer
________________________________ 2) A____ USA farm
tools result in the greatest ______ while the simple tools in
Japan lead to the greatest ____/_____.

________________________________

________________________________ 3) The _____ with


multiple coulters can dig up large areas of farmland.

________________________________ 4) _____ fertilizers get


the nutrients to the plants quickly but run out quickly.

________________________________ 5) Nitrogen +
phosphorous + _______ = 3 primary nutrients for plants.

________________________________ 6) The _____ with


multiple coulters can dig up large areas of farmland.

________________________________ 7) Organic over _____


= best farming soil combo.

________________________________ 8) Control for


greenhouse observations.

________________________________ 9) Energy source for


fusion.

________________________________ 10) 1 _____ can


destroy 1000’s of O3.

________________________________ 11) ______ = atomic


mass of 4 hydrogen atoms.

________________________________ 12) Loam is a


combination of clay, ____, and sand.
________________________________ 13) Human activity
increases the erosion rate ____-____ times faster than nature.

________________________________ 14) Legumes and


grasses are ____ ____ that keep the soil in place.

________________________________ 15) Contour farming


reduces ___ erosion.

________________________________ 16) ______ are the


building blocks of plastics.

________________________________ 17) The ____ ____ is


between the topsoil and subsoil in the soil sample.

________________________________ 20) _______ erosion


has the > slope so it is the hardest to prevent.

________________________________ 19) Gasoline vapors


escape because of ____.

________________________________ 20) ____ = indicator in


the particulates lab.

________________________________ 21) ____ = burning of


fossil fuels.

________________________________ 22) ____ = sanding-


scraping-grinding-drilling.

________________________________ 23) ____ = most


common indoor particulate in the classroom.

________________________________ 24) Methane must be


pumped out of landfills to avoid _____.

________________________________ 25) ____ is added to


plastics to make them more biodegradable.
Answers IV. Matching Part II (1 pts. each)

__________A) Fusion 1) Chemical change/


air pollution process

__________B) Excess CO2 2) Basic oxygen


molecule

__________C) O3 3) < average


temperature

__________D) O2 4) Ozone

__________E) Sealed flask with water 5) Energy source

__________F) Free 17Cl 6) Nuclear change/


combine atoms

__________G) Sealed flask with air 7) Key to ozone


depletion

__________H) Combustion 8) nuclear change/


split atoms

__________I) 1H1.008 9) > average


temperature

__________J) Fisson 10) Air pollutant

Answers IV. Matching Part I (1 pts. each)

__________A) Organic fertilizers 1) Ind. Rev. grain drill

__________B) Gully erosion 2) Helps clump soil


__________C) Reaper 3) Windbreaks + strip
crops

__________D) Obsidian 4) Contours + diversion


terraces

__________E) Farms- Japan 5) Early tools + weapons

__________F) Steam power 6) Nutrients last longer but


are leaches slower

__________G) Leachate 7) V.O.C. piped out of l.f.

__________H) Clay 8) Modern grain drill

__________I) CH4 9) Ind. Rev. cutting tool

__________J) Humus 10) Clay-silt-sand

__________K) Sheet erosion 11) Liquid landfill waste

__________L) Silt 12) Dominates synthetic


fertilizers / center pivot
irrigation
__________M) Organic fertilizer 13) Stores water well

__________N) Diesel power 14) Increases humus


content

__________O) Farms- USA 15) Dominate organic fertilizers /


subsurface irrigation
V. Short answer

1. Complete- best farming soil combination and why: (2 points)


2. Complete on primary nutrients: (3 points)

Nutrient Plant part

3. Complete chart on ATC: (4 points)

Advantages (+) Disadvantages (+)


Early A.T. Tools
Modern A.T. Tools

4. Complete the soil sample diagram (2 points)

5. Complete the
Erosion type
chart: (3 points)

Type Prevention
A)

B)
C)

6. Complete the chart on fertilizers: (6 points)

Organic Advantages: Disadvantages:


Fertilizer

Example:

Method:

Synthetic Advantages: Disadvantages:


Fertilizer

Example:

Method:

7. Complete the chart on Irrigation (6 points)


Sub surface Irrigation: Advantages:
Disadvantages:
Make-up:

Method:

Center Pivot Irrigation: Advantages:


Disadvantages:
Make-up:

Method:

8. Complete the chart on Japan vs. USA (5 points)

Japan USA
A) Productivity
B) Machinery
(3)

C) Irrigation

D) Fertilizer +
method

E) Yield/ acre

9. Complete on clean air: (3 points)(+ bon)

__________% = ______________________________ __________% =


______________________________

__________% = ______________________________

10. Complete on 3 air pollution processes

Type Make-up (what is it?) Example


A)
B)

C)

11. Complete the sanitary landfill blue print: (7 points)


12. Complete the Agricultural Technology Chart: (8 points)

Time Digging Tools Planting Tools Harvesting Tools


Period

A)

From
when to
when:

XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX


XX XXX XXX XXX
XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XX XXX XXX XXX
XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XX XXX XXX XXX
B)

From
when to
when:

13. Complete on fusion: (5 points)

_______________ ________________ +
______________+________________
_______

________________________
14. Weather forecast: (6 points)

15. Complete on cloud types: diagram-makeup-level (3 points)

A) B) C)

16. Complete on the Nimbus effect: (2 points)


Winter Summer
A)

B)

17. Complete on air masses: (4 points)

Air Mass Symb Make-up (2 Basic Location (3)


ol words)
A) CP

B) MP

C) CT
D) MT

18. Complete on the last day garbage can: (3 points)

Types Amount Source

19. Complete on the greenhouse lab: (4 points)


Variable Temperature Word Anaylsis
Degrees
celsius
20. Complete on the cloud demo: (2 points)
Variable Proof
> cloud

< cloud

21. Complete the chemical equation of natural build up, break down,
and human affect on ozone: (5 points)
__________________

____________________+____________________ =
____________________+____________________

____________________+____________________ = ____________________

____________________+____________________ =
____________________+____________________
_________________________ ___________________

______________

____________________+____________________ =
____________________+____________________

____________________+____________________ =
____________________+____________________

Danger:
_______________________________________________________________________
________________

22. Complete the atmosphere: (10 points)

Bonus
1. Where is methane found naturally (3 places= 1/2 point per
place)

2. What kind of heat is trapped in the greenhouse effect: (1/2 point)

3. Decay in a landfill (1 point)