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An illustrative look at news and events

Libya in crisis
A look at Libya, its people and its economy
Population: 6.5 million (World rank: 101) Age structure: 65+ years: 4.4% 0-14 years: 33%

Libya’s people

Benghazi: Where the protests first erupted Tripoli TUNISIA
Misrata

15-64 years: 62.6%

Life expectancy at birth: 77.5 years (WR: 57) Fertility rate: 3.01 children born/woman School life expectancy: (primary to tertiary education) 16 years for males, 17 for females Unemployment rate: 30% Population below poverty line: 33% Ethnic groups: Berber: 97%
(Indigenous people of North Africa) and Arab (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Ras Lanuf oil refinery: Reportedly closed due to protests

Al-Bayda

Darnah

Clashes Oil/Gasfields Oil/Gas fields Oilpipelines Oil pipelines Gaspipelines Gas pipelines Refinery Refinery Tankerterminal Tanker terminal
Tobruk

LIBYA

Ajdabiya

33%
Area:

of Libya’s population lives in poverty

200km 125 miles

1,759,540 sq km
— slightly larger than Alaska (world rank: 17th)

EGYPT

Other: 3% Religions: Sunni Muslim: 97%

Literacy rate:

83%
ALGERIA

is desert or semidesert

90%

Trade with Canada
Exports to Libya: (includes aircraft, machinery, medical and technical instrumentation and iron and steel articles) 2006: $67 million 2007: $195 million Imports from Libya: 2006: 67 million 2007 $0

Other: 3%

Libya’s oil
Production: of oil per day. 17th largest producer in the world 3rd largest producer in Africa Domestic oil onsumption: 270,000 barrels a day Oil reserves:

of the population is urban

78%

Crude oil (contribute accounts for 95% of export earnings and 80% of government revenue), refined petroleum products, natural gas Export partners: Italy 37.65%, Germany 10.11%, France 8.44%, Spain 7.94%, Switzerland 5.93%, US 5.27%

Exports $44.89 billion (WR: 58)

1.6 million barrels

Oil exports
U.S.: 5% Spain 9%

NIGER

CHAD
Italy 32% France 10% Germany 14%

Others 20% China 10%

44.3
37.2

Machinery, semi-finished goods, food, transport equipment, consumer products Import partners: Italy 18.9%, China 10.54%, Turkey 9.92%, Germany 9.78%, France 5.63%, Tunisia 5.25%, South Korea 4.02%

Imports $24.47 billion (WR: 64)

44.3 billion barrels

Africa’s largest crude oil reserves Only about 3% of global supplies At least some 100,000 barrels per day Oil export revenues:

$31.38 B per year
Sources: CIA World Factbook; Graphic News; EIA; Reuters

While Libya itself does not produce enough oil to significantly disrupt world supplies, concern has grown that political unrest could continue to spread, specifically to Saudi Arabia. The Gulf state supplies around 10 percent of the world's oil and also holds most of the world's spare capacity at around 3-4 million barrels a day. It is the only producer able to respond quickly with large volumes of oil to compensate for a serious outage.

Risk of contagion

African proven oil reserve holders 12.2
Libya Nigeria

9.5

5.0
Sudan

3.7
Egypt

Algeria Angola

SUSAN BATSFORD/QMI AGENCY

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