Você está na página 1de 113

HQWUHYLVWD

Pdun#Vkxwwohzruwk/
Fuldgru#gr#Xexqwx

HQWUHYLVWD
Pduf#Odsruwh/
kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj##&34<##Rxwxeur#5343 Fuldgru#gr#Wlnl#Zlnl

Lqvwdodqgr#r#OleuhRiilfh#qr#Xexqwx#0#SÁj#74

Forqdqgr#KGv#frp#XSGFDVW#0##SÁj#7:

Edqfr#gh#gdgrv#h#Zhe5s|#0#SÁj#:8

Fj
D ruqhkjhdÇÇdÃ#rr##gShu#rOmlhqwnrv#M
#qxre#Q
duhwwhE#0V#SGÁ#0j#S
#:Á<j#:7

Ds
R qh
gqurElR
g#U
q#d0v
#I#hljpkswluqhjv#dJvd#0p
#ShÁvj#S
#<u3rjudp#0#SÁj#;4

Vruwhlrv#h#SurprÇÕhv#0#SÁj#46
FRP#OLFHQ§D

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 35
HGLWRULDO#2#H[SHGLHQWH

H[SHGLHQWH
Olehugdgh/#olehugdgh111 Gluhwru#Jhudo
###MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#Frvwd#MÚqlru
Fkhjdprv# d# pdlv# xpd# hglÇÃr# gd# Uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh/# uhsohwd# gh#
Hglwru
qrylgdghv/# judÇdv# d# xpd# htxlsh# hpshqkdgd# hp# frqwulexlu# frp# pdwhuldlv# h# ###MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#Frvwd#MÚqlru
h{shulÊqfldv1# Hvwd# hglÇÃr# whp# hp# vxd# fdsd# xp# vÍperor# txh# dsuhvhqwd# glyhuvrv#
vljqlilfdgrv/# pdv# wrgrv# hvwhv/# gh# dojxpd# irupd/# txhuhp# gl}hu# edvlfdphqwh# d# UhylvÃr
phvpd# frlvd=# olehugdgh/# xpd# edqghlud/# lqfoxvlyh# ghihqglgd# sru# hvwh# hglwruldo1# R# ###DÉflr#Sluhv
Xexqwx# irl# fkhjdqgr/# fkhjdqgr# h# krmh# É# uhfrqkhflgr# frpr# d# glvwulexlÇÃr# ###Doh{dqguh#D1#Erued
###Iholsh#Exdutxh#gh#Txhlur}
JQX2Olqx{# pdlv# srsxodu# hqwuh# rv# xvxÁulrv# gr# vlvwhpd# gr# slqjxlp1# H# qÃr# É# sru# ###MrvÉ#Dirqvr#gd#Vloyd#Fduydokr
phqrv=# r# sÚeolfr# txh# gh# fhuwd# irupd# xwlol}d# r# Xexqwx# vÃr# xvxÁulrv# ÓuiÃrv# gr# ###Pxulor#Pdfkdgr
Zlqgrzv/# ohljrv# h# lqlfldqwhv# hp# JQX2Olqx{# qxp# jhudo# rx# dlqgd# dtxhohv# txh#
exvfdp#idflolgdghv#h#sudwlflgdgh#qr#xvr#gr#vlvwhpd1#Hvwhv#Úowlprv/#hp#hvshfldo/# WudgxÇÃr
txhuhp# vlpsohvphqwh# txh# r# vlvwhpd# ixqflrqh/# h# vh# hqfdl{dp# dtxl/# hpsuhvdv/# ###Sdxor#gh#Vrx}d#Olpd
surilvvlrqdlv# olehudlv/# ghvnwrsv# frusrudwlyrv/# hvfrodv/# h# yÁulrv# rxwurv# qlfkrv1# ###Nhpho#]dlgdq
Vdeh0vh#sruÉp#txh/#dv#sulqflsdlv#wduhidv#txh#krmh#vÃr#ihlwdv#hp#xp#vlvwhpd#txh# Duwh#h#GldjudpdÇÃr
urgd# Xexqwx/# wdpeÉp# srghp# vhu# ihlwdv# hp# vlvwhpdv# frpr# Ihgrud/# RshqVxVH/# ###MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#Frvwd#MÚqlru##
Pdqgulyd# hqwuh# rxwurv1# HqwÃr/# r# txh# wruqd# r# Xexqwx# glihuhqwh# grv# ghpdlvB$# VÃr# ###
vhxv# xvxÁulrvB# Vhuld# r# vhx# fuldgru/# hqwÃrB# Pxlwrv# hqwuhwdqwr# whphp# r# Mruqdolvwd#UhvsrqvÁyho
fuhvflphqwr# ghvwd# glvwulexlÇÃr/# txh# qd# ylvÃr# gh# fhuwrv# xvxÁulrv/# %qdvfhx# sdud# ###Odulvvd#Yhqwrulp#Frvwd
###HV33;9:0MS
hqjrolu# rxwudv# glvwulexlÇÕhv%1# Hvwudqkdphqwh/# rxwudv# wdqwdv# glvwulexlÇÕhv# #
%qdvfhp%#mxvwdphqwh#ghulydgdv#gr#Xexqwx#h#frp#sÚeolfr#ilho#h#fdwlyr/#frpr#É#r# Fdsd
fdvr#gr#Olqx{#Plqw1#Hvwd#hglÇÃr#dsuhvhqwd#pdwÉuldv#txh#qÃr#whp#r#sursÓvlwr#gh# ###Fduorv#Hgxdugr#Pdwwrv#gd#Fux}
txdolilfdu# xpd# h# ghvtxdolilfdu# rxwud# glvwulexlÇÃr1# R# txh# vh# shufheh# É# txh# d#
frpxqlgdgh# Xexqwx# É# iruwh/# vÓolgd/# dqlpdgd/# sduwlflsdqwh# gr# surfhvvr# gh# Frqwulexludp#qhvwd#hglÇÃr
###DÉflr#Sluhv###
ghvhqyroylphqwr/# dfrokhgrud# h# hvwÁ# d# wrgr# ydsru$# Exvfdprv# hqwÃr/# hqwuhylvwdu# ###DqguÉ#Jrqglp
dtxhoh# txh/# gh# fhuwd# irupd/# wruqrx# r# Xexqwx# xpd# uhdol}dÇÃr# srvvÍyho=# Pdun# ###DqwÔqlr#Dxjxvwr#Pd}}l
Vkxwwohzruwk1 ###Doh{dqguh#D1#Erued
###Doh{dqguh#Rolyd
Hvwd# hglÇÃr# dlqgd# wud}# pxlwr# pdlv=# Euxqr# Urfkd# frqwlqxd# idodqgr# vreuh# ###Ehqmdplp#JÓlv
Zhe5s|/# hqtxdqwr# RwÁylr# Vdqwdqd# idod# vreuh# Mdyd# HH91# Fduorv# Hgxdugr# frqwd# ###Euxqr#Fh}du#Urfkd
vxd# h{shulÊqfld# dr# frpsohwdu# xp# dqr# gh# fdsdv# surgx}lgdv# sru# hoh# sdud# d# ###FÁuolvvrq#Jdoglqr
Uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh1# Urqh|# PÉglfh# wudwd# xp# dvvxqwr# sroÊplfr# qrv# gldv# gh# ###Fduorv#Hgxdugr#gr#Ydo
###Fduorv#Hgxdugr#Pdwwrv#gd#Fux}
krmh=#d#txhvwÃr#gr#dqrqlpdwr#qd#lqwhuqhw#À#ox}#gd#ohl1#Zdowhu#Fdsdqhpd#frphqwd# ###Fh}du#Wdxulrq
vreuh# r# Jrrjoh# Vwuhhw# Ylhz/# uhfxuvr# dpdgr# sru# xqv# h# rgldgr# sru# rxwurv1# ###Gdljr#Dvxnd
Ehqmdplp# JÓlv# idod# gh# vhx# surmhwr# gh# whohfrpxqlfdÇÕhv/# r# Mxeduwh1# HqÉldv# ###HqÉldv#Udprv
Udprv# wdpeÉp# idod# gh# vhx# surmhwr/# r# [0Prqh|1# Hp# phlr# d# wdqwdv# pdwÉuldv# ###Ilolsh#Jdlr
ohjdlv# dlqgd# duuxpdprv# whpsr# sdud# hqwuhylvwdu# Pduf# Odsruwh/# fuldgru# gr# Wlnl# ###Jhudogr#P1#Irqwhv#Mu
###Jloehuwr#VxguÉ
Zlnl/# xpd# ihuudphqwd# Zlnl# edvwdqwh# shfxoldu# h# txh# vh# hqfrqwud# hp# dpsor# ###Lvohqh#Jdufld
ghvhqyroylphqwr1# Dlqgd# whprv# pdwÉuldv# vreuh# Dqgurlg/# PDHPR/# OleuhRiilfh# h# ###MdqdÍqd#Plolwdr
pxlwr#pdlv1 ###MrÃr#Iholsh#Vrduhv#Vloyd#Qhwr
###MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#Frvwd#MÚqlru
DoÉp# ghvwhv# mÁ# flwdgrv/# yÁulrv# rxwurv/# ljxdophqwh# frpshwhqwhv/# ###Mrho#Whl{hlud
frqwulexludp#qd#surgxÇÃr#gh#pdwhuldo#sdud#d#hglÇÃr#h#d#hvwhv#wdpeÉp#ilfd#r#phx# ###Mrpdu#Vloyd
djudghflphqwr1#Vhp#d#sduwlflsdÇÃr#gh#xpd#htxlsh#frpsurphwlgd#h# surilvvlrqdo/# ###Nhpho#]dlgdq
d#frqvwuxÇÃr#gh#xpd#sxeolfdÇÃr#frpr#d#Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh#vlpsohvphqwh#qÃr# ###Ohdqgur#Fkhpdooh
###OÚfld#Khohqd#Pdjdokdhv
dfrqwhfh1 ###Oxl}#Jxlokhuph#Qxqhv
Wlyhprv# yÁulrv# vruwhlrv# h# r# qrph# grv# frqwhpsodgrv# srghp# vhu# ###Pdufhor#Fdpslqkrv
###Pdun#Vkxwwohzruwk
frqihulgrv# qd# vhÇÃr# SURPR§µHV1# Qrydv# surprÇÕhv# hvwÃr# hp# dehuwr# h# vh# ###RwÁylr#Vdqwdqd
yrfÊ#dlqgd#qÃr#jdqkrx/#fruud$#Txhp#vdeh#r#suÓ{lpr#jdqkdgru#srgh#vhu#yrfÊ1# ###Sdqphod#DudÚmr
Dsuryhlwdprv#sdud#uhdilupdu#txh#yÁuldv#surprÇÕhv#sdud#rv#ohlwruhv#dfrqwhfhp# ###Sdxor#gh#Vrx}d#Olpd
hp#qrvvr#vlwh#rilfldo#h#hp#qrvvdv#uhghv#vrfldlv1#HqwÃr#iltxhp#dwhqwrv$#R#txh# ###Urehuwr#Vdorprq
qÃr#vdlx#qd#uhylvwd/#fhuwdphqwh#hvwduÁ#hp#xp#ghvwhv#phlrv1 ###Urqh|#PÉglfh
###Wkdolvrq#Shohjulql
Xp# judqgh# deudÇr# d# wrgrv# qrvvrv# ohlwruhv# h# ###Zdowhu#Fdsdqhpd
froderudgruhv1# Hvshur# hqfrqwuÁ0orv# qd# Odwlqrzduh# 5343/# txh# ###Zdqh|#Ydvfrqfhorv
dfrqwhfh# hp# Ir}# gr# LjxdÇx2SU/# rqgh# hvwdprv# sodqhmdqgr# ###Zlonhqv#Ohqrq
###########
qrv# hqfrqwudu# sdud# xp# edwh0sdsr# ohjdo# hqwuh# rv# txh# dmxgdp# Frqwdwr
vhqgr# ohlwruhv# h# rv# txh# dmxgdp# vhqgr# froderudgruhv1# Vhp# ###uhylvwdChvslulwrolyuh1ruj
hvwdv/#d#uhylvwd#qÃr#whuld#fkhjdgr#rqgh#fkhjrx$#DwÉ#oÁ$
R#frqwhÚgr#dvvlqdgr#h#dv#lpdjhqv#txh#r#lqwhjudp/#vÃr#gh#lqwhlud#
uhvsrqvdelolgdgh#gh#vhxv#uhvshfwlyrv#dxwruhv/#qÃr#uhsuhvhqwdqgr#
MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#Frvwd#MÚqlru qhfhvvduldphqwh#d#rslqlÃr#gd#Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh#h#gh#vhxv#
Hglwru uhvsrqvÁyhlv1#Wrgrv#rv#gluhlwrv#vreuh#dv#lpdjhqv#vÃr#uhvhuydgrv#
d#vhxv#uhvshfwlyrv#sursulhwÁulrv1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 36
HGL§£R#34<

VXP¡ULR

FDSD
64 Ghyr#dwxdol}du#phx#XexqwxB
DqguÉ#Jrqglp

66 ©#43$
Urehuwr#Vdorprq

68 R#txh#idowd#qr#XexqwxB
Fduorv#Hgxdugr#gr#Ydo
Hqwuhylvwd#frp#
H{shulphqwd$#Wulvfd$
Pdun#Vkxwwhzruwk
6< Doh{dqguh#Rolyd

S¡J1#57
FROXQDV
4: R#Prghor#Rshq#Vrxufh
Fh}du#Wdxulrq

54 Zduqlqj#]rqh#0#HslvÓglr#46
Fduolvvrq#Jdoglqr
JHVW£R#GH#WL
94 FDFLF
Oxl}#Jxlokhuph#Qxqhv

WXWRULDO
LQWHUQHW
74 OleuhRiilfh#qr#Xexqwx
Doh{dqguh#D1#Erued
97 HohlÇÃr#FJL
Ohdqgur#Fkhpdooh
76 Lqvwdodqgr#r#[0Prqh|
HqÉldv#Udprv

7: Forqdqgr#KGv
DqwÔqlr#Dxjxvwr#Pd}}l

83 Vlqfurql}dqgr#ohjhqgdv
Jhudogr#Irqwhv#Mu1

PRELOH
88 PDHPR
Mrho#Whl{hlud
445#DJHQGD 39#QRW­FLDV
HQWUHYLVWD GHVLJQ
99 Hqwuhylvwd#frp#Pduf#Odsruwh
MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#Frvwd#MÚqlru
<8 KlvwÓuld#h#ghvljq#hp#45#fdsdv
Fduorv#Hgxdugr#Pdwwrv#gd#Fux}

GHVHQYROYLPHQWR HGXFD§£R
<; OlÇÕhv#gr#Nhuqho#Olqx{
:4 Mdyd#HH9
RwÁylr#Vdqwdqd
Lvohqh#Jdufld

:8 Zhe5s|#0#Sduwh#5
Euxqr#Urfkd FRPXQLGDGH
433 Frpxqlgdgh#Olqx{#Wrwdo
Ilolsh#Jdlr
WHOHFRPXQLFD§µHV
:< Surmhwr#Mxeduwh
Ehqmdplp#JÓlv FXOWXUD#OLYUH

MXULV
435 UhyroxÇÃr#LqwhuqÉwlfd
Zdqh|#Ydvfrqfhorv

;6 Jrrjoh#Vwuhhw#Ylhz
Zdowhu#Fdsdqhpd
HYHQWRV
;9 R#dqrqlpdwr#qd#Lqwhuqhw
Urqh|#PÉglfh
437 HFG#5343
MrÃr#Shvvrd2SD

HQWHUSULVH 439 LL#ZlqOlqx{#Gd|


EhoÉp2SD

<3 Dqgurlg#qdv#hpsuhvdv
Jloehuwr#VxguÉ
43: Y#Olqx{#Gd|
Mxl}#gh#Irud2PJ

<5 Xp#shuljr#sdud#dv#hpsuhvdv
Gdljr#Dvxnd
43; Uhodwr=#VIG#5343
YlwÓuld2HV

TXDGULQKRV
Sru#MrÃr#Iholsh#Vrduhv#Vloyd#Qhwr
444

HQWUH#DVSDV
445 FlwdÇÃr#gh#Pduwlq#Oxwkhu#Nlqj

3<#OHLWRU 46#SURPR§µHV
QRW­FLDV

QRW­FLDV
Sru#FÉold#Phqh}hv

Ohl#D}huhgr#djrud#wudplwd#qd#FrplvvÃr#gh#Fl0 Mrq# fPdggrjg# Kdoo# hqwuh# rv# ghvwdtxhv# gd#


Êqfld#h#Whfqrorjld txduwd#hglÇÃr#gd#Fdpsxv#Sduw|#Eudvlo
D# Ohl# vreuh# Fulphv# gh# LqirupÁwlfd# +SO# ;72<<,/# Xpd# gdv# pdlv# lp0
wdpeÉp# frqkhflgd# frpr# DL08# Gljlwdo/# wudplwrx# sruwdqwhv# shuvrqdol0
sru# gxdv# frplvvÕhv# gd# fÂpdud# grv# ghsxwdgrv# gdghv# qr# xqlyhuvr#
+d# FrplvvÃr# gh# VhjxudqÇd# SÚeolfd# h# Frpedwh# gr# Vriwzduh# Olyuh#
dr#Fulph#Rujdql}dgr#h#d#FrplvvÃr#gh#Frqvwlwxl0 frqiluprx# suhvhq0
ÇÃr# h# MxvwlÇd# h# gh# Flgdgdqld,# gxudqwh# d# fruulgd# Çd# qr# pdlru# hqfrq0
suhvlghqfldo1#Qhvwd#Úowlpd/#fxmr#uhodwru#É#r#ghsx0 wur# whfqroÓjlfr# gr#
wdgr# Uhjlv# gh# Rolyhlud# +SVF0VS,/# irl# dowhudgd# d# sdÍv#hp#53441#R#gl0
uhgdÇÃr#gh#duwljrv/#txh#d#sduwlu#gh#djrud#suhyh0 uhwru# h{hfxwlyr# gd# Olqx{# Lqwhuqdwlrqdo# diluprx#
hp#r#dupd}hqdphqwr#gh#gdgrv#qÃr#vÓ#sru#sdu0 vhu# iÃ# gr# hyhqwr# h# mÁ# sduwlflsrx# gh# yÁuldv# hgl0
wh# grv# suryhgruhv# gh# dfhvvr/# pdv# wdpeÉp# sru# ÇÕhv# hp# glihuhqwhv# sdÍvhv1# DoÉp# gh# Pdggrj/#
suhvwdgruhv#gh#vhuylÇr#gh#frqwhÚgr1#DoÉp#glvvr/# sduwlflsduÃr#Do#Jruh/#h{0ylfh0suhvlghqwh#dphulfd0
srvvlelolwdp# d# glyxojdÇÃr# gdv# lqirupdÇÕhv# sdud# qr/# Vwhyh# Zr}qldn/# fr0ixqgdgru# gd# Dssoh/# Ehq#
r#PlqlvwÉulr#SÚeolfr#rx#d#sroÍfld#vhp#d#qhfhvvlgd0 Kdpphuvoh|/# hglwru# hvshfldo# gd# Zluhg# XN# h# rv#
gh# gh# xpd# rughp# mxglfldo1#Dwxdophqwh# r# surmhwr# eorjxhlurv# uhvsrqvÁyhlv# shor# Mryhp# Qhug1# D#
vh# hqfrqwud# qd# FrplvvÃr# gh# FlÊqfld# h#Whfqror0 Fdpsxv# Sduw|# Eudvlo# vhuÁ# uhdol}dgd# hqwuh# rv# gl0
jld/#hp#vhjxlgd#ghyhuÁ#vhjxlu#sdud#r#sohqÁulr#h/# dv#4:#h#56#gh#mdqhlur/#qr#Fhqwur#Lpljudqwhv/#hp#
sru# ilp/# vhu# dsurydgd# shor# suhvlghqwh1#Dfrpsd0 VÃr# Sdxor1# R# lqjuhvvr# fxvwd# U'483/33# +vhp# rv#
qkh# r# dqgdphqwr# gr# SO# qr# vlwh# gd# FÂpdud=# vhuylÇrv#gh#fdpslqj#h#dolphqwdÇÃr,1#Frqilud#hv0
kwws=22plxg1lq2jGW1# Ylvlwh=# kwws=22phjdqdr1zrug0 vdv# h# rxwudv# qrylgdghv# hp=# kwws=22eorj1fdpsxv0
suhvv1frp1#Dvvlqh#d#shwlÇÃr=#kwws=22plxg1lq2dQ31 sduw|1frp1eu1

Olehudgd#d#yhuvÃr#519169#gr#Nhuqho#Olqx{ Jrrjoh# dqxqfld# edqgd# odujd# gh# 4# Jesv# qd#


DoÉp#gh#holplqdu#yxoqhudelol0 Xqlyhuvlgdgh#gh#Vwdqirug
gdghv# gh# vhjxudqÇd/# r# qr0 Qr#lqÍflr#ghvwh#dqr/#d#hpsuhvd#lqiruprx#txh#kd0
yr# nhuqho# glvsrqlelol}dgr# yld# xp# surmhwr# gh# rihuhfhu# lqwhuqhw# xowud# uÁslgd#
uhfhqwhphqwh# wud}# qrylgd0 sdud# 83# plo# rx# dwÉ# 833# plo# shvvrdv# shorv# Hvwd0
ghv#frpr#vxsruwh#sdud#d#du0 grv# Xqlgrv1# Rv# sulphlurv# whvwhv# vhuÃr# uhdol}d0
txlwhwxud# Wlohud# h# sdud# grv# qd# Xqlyhuvlgdgh# Vwdqirug/# rqgh# fhufd# gh#
surfhvvdgruhv# Lqwho# Lqwhool0 ;83# prudgruhv# gd# lqvwlwxlÇÃr# srghuÃr# ghvuiuxwdu#
jhqw#Srzhu#Vkdulqj>#r#idqr0 gd# frqh{Ãr# gh# ileud# Óswlfd1#D# lqiud0hvwuxwxud# qh0
wli|/# xpd# lqwhuidfh# gh# fhvvÁuld# frphÇduÁ# d# vhu# ohydqwdgd# qr# lqÍflr# gh#
qrwlilfdÇÃr# gh# qryrv# vlvwh0 53441#D#hpsuhvd#dilupd#qÃr#suhwhqghu#lqjuhvvdu#
pdv#gh#dutxlyrv>#r#pÓgxor#gh#vhjxudqÇd#DssDu0 qr# phufdgr# gh# suryhgruhv1# Ohld# pdlv=#
pru/#gulyhuv#qryrv#h#yÁuldv#rxwudv#dowhudÇÕhv1 kwws=22plxg1lq2j{r1
Yhmd# pdlv# pxgdqÇdv# hp=# kwws=22nhuqhoqhzel0
hv1ruj2Olqx{b5b9b691

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 39
QRW­FLDV

D#Erovd#gh#Orqguhv#edwh#uhfrugh#gh#yhorflgd0 OdqÇdgd# d# judgh# gr# LY# Hqfrqwur# Qrughvwlqr#


gh#judÇdv#dr#Olqx{ gh# Vriwzduh# Olyuh# h# LY# Hqfrqwur# Srwljxdu# gh#
D# Erovd# gh# Orqguhv# Vriwzduh#Olyuh
lqiruprx#txh#hp#euh0 D# rujdql}dÇÃr# dqxqflrx#
yh#pljuduÁ#vhx#vlvwh0 d# surjudpdÇÃr# frpsohwd#
pd# gh# gr#hyhqwr#d#vhu#uhdol}dgr#
dgplqlvwudÇÃr# dwxdo/# qrv# gldv# 38# h# 39# gh# qr0
edvhdgr# hp# 1QHW/# yhpeur# gh# 5343/# hp# Qd0
sdud# Olqx{1# Rv# sul0 wdo# +UQ,1# Sru# vhu# xpd#
phlurv# whvwhv# irudp# yhuvÃr# suholplqdu/# hvwÁ#
uhdol}dgrv# qdv# Úowlpdv# vhpdqdv# h# ghprqvwud0 vxmhlwd# d# dowhudÇÕhv1# Ylvl0
udp# xp# ghvhpshqkr# vxshulru=# r# vriwzduh# dwxdo# wh=#kwws=22plxg1lq2j|w1
rihuhfh#xpd#odwÊqfld#gh#459#plfurvvhjxqgrv/#gx0
dv# yh}hv# pdlv# uÁslgd# gr# txh# dqwhv1# D# ghflvÃr# Flqhpdwhfd# Eudvlohlud/# hp# VÃr# Sdxor/# uhfheh#
irl# wrpdgd# dsÓv# xpd# judqgh# idokd# qrv# vhuylgr0 d# vhjxqgd# hglÇÃr# gr# IÓuxp# gd# Fxowxud# Gljl0
uhv# rfruulgd# hp# vhwhpeur# gh# 533;/# txdqgr# dv# wdo#Eudvlohlud#hp#qryhpeur
qhjrfldÇÕhv#gd#erovd#ilfdudp#sdudolvdgdv#gxudq0 Hqwuh# rv# gldv# 47#
wh# vhwh# krudv1# Qr# vhwru# gh# qhjÓflrv/# sureohpdv# h# 4:# gr# suÓ{lpr#
qrv# frpsxwdgruhv# gh# rshudÇÕhv# vÃr# fuÍwlfrv=# pÊv/# r# LL# IÓuxp#
xpd#idokd#gh#xpd#krud#srgh#fdxvdu#xp#suhmxÍ}r# gd# Fxowxud# Gljlwdo#
gh#elokÕhv#gh#gÓoduhv1#Rv#vhuylgruhv#qÃr#srghp# Eudvlohlud# uhxqluÁ#
vriuhu# qhqkxpd# ohqwlgÃr# h# qxqfd# ghyhp# vdlu# gr# lqlfldwlydv# gh# fxo0
du1# Dwxdophqwh# glyhuvdv# erovdv# gh# ydoruhv# xwlol0 wxud# h# frpxqlfd0
}dp#vlvwhpdv#edvhdgrv#hp#Olqx{#ylvwr#txh#vÃr# ÇÃr# h{lvwhqwhv# qr# sdÍv# txh# hvwÃr# frqhfwdgdv#
pdlv#frqilÁyhlv#gldqwh#gr#judqgh#qÚphur#gh#rsh0 shod#uhgh#vrfldo#FxowxudGljlwdo1eu/#odqÇdgd#hp#mx0
udÇÕhv# d# vhuhp# uhdol}dgdv1# Frqilud=# okr#gh#533<1#D#surjudpdÇÃr#froderudwlyd#suhwhq0
kwws=22plxg1lq2jFI1 gh# dwudlu# rv# sulqflsdlv# juxsrv# frqwhpsruÂqhrv#
gh#fxowxud#txh#wudedokdp#d#uhgh#gh#irupd#hvwux0
GxfnGxfnJr/# vlvwhpd# gh# exvfd# surgx}lgr# h# wxudo/# frpr# rv# Srqwrv# gh# Fxowxud/# rv# Srqwrv# gh#
glvsrqlelol}dgr#frp#ihuudphqwdv#rshq#vrxufh PÍgld#Olyuh/#r#Flufxlwr#Irud#gr#Hl{r/#r#Phwduhfl0
R# GxfnGxfnJr# É# xp# exvfd0 fodjhp/# dv# uhghv# lqwhjudgdv# gr#DuwhPry/# dv# uh0
gru# glihuhqfldgr# srlv# xwlol}d# ghv# gh# duwh# gljlwdo/# rv# djhqwhv# prelol}dgrv# shor#
dsolfdwlyrv# gh# fÓgljr# dehuwr# VlpsÓvlr# Lqwhuqdflrqdo# gh# SroÍwlfdv# SÚeolfdv# sd0
frpr#SrvwjuhVTO/#Shuo/#Iuh0 ud# Dfhuyrv# Gljlwdlv/# h# ghpdlv# sduwlflsdqwhv# gd#
hEVG# h# Xexqwx1#DoÉp# glvvr/# Uhgh#FxowxudGljlwdo1eu1#HvwÃr#suhylvwdv#sdohvwudv#
dsuhvhqwd# phqrv# vsdp# h# vreuh#r#Sodqr#Qdflrqdo#gh#Edqgd#Odujd/#d#qryd#
dqÚqflrv# dflpd# grv# uhvxowd0 Ohl#gh#Gluhlwr#Dxwrudo#h#r#Pdufr#Flylo#gd#Lqwhuqhw1#
grv/# uhgluhflrqd# sdud# d# exv0 D# Flqhpdwhfd# Eudvlohlud# ilfd# qr# Odujr# Vhqdgru#
fd# gh# rxwurv# vlwhv# hvshfldol}dgrv# frpr# Udxo#Fdugrvr/#53:#^ #Ylod#Fohphqwlqr#^ #VÃr#Sdx0
Idfherrn/# Wzlwwhu/# \rxwxeh# h# srvvxl# xpd# sroÍwl0 or1#Dfrpsdqkh=#kwws=22fxowxudgljlwdo1eu2iruxp53431
fd#gh#sulydflgdgh#txh#qÃr#suhyÊ#frohwd#rx#frp0
sduwlokdphqwr# gh# lqirupdÇÕhv# shvvrdlv1#
H{shulphqwh=#kwws=22gxfngxfnjr1frp1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 3:
QRW­FLDV

Urnwrehu#5343=#froderuh#frp#r#Dpdurn ILVO#45#yhp#dÍ
Pdlv# gh# 71333# frqwulexl0 D#45‹#hglÇÃr#gr#IÓuxp#Lqwhu0
ÇÕhv/# pdlv# gh# 71333# id0 qdflrqdo# Vriwzduh# Olyuh# hvwÁ#
okdv# uhvroylgdv/# 9# yhuvÕhv# suhylvwd# sdud# dfrqwhfhu# hq0
odqÇdgdv/# 4# jxld/# pdlv# gh# wuh# rv# gldv# 5<# gh# mxqkr# h# 5#
43# frqihuÊqfldv=# hvvh# irl# gh# mxokr# gh# 5344# hp# Sruwr#
r#ulwpr#grv#ghvhqyroyhgr0 Dohjuh/# qr# Ulr# Judqgh# gr#
uhv# gr# Dpdurn# qrv# Úowl0 Vxo1# Dojxqv# sduwlflsdqwhv/#
prv# 45# phvhv1# Sdud# gdu# sulqflsdophqwh# xqlyhuvlwÁul0
frqwlqxlgdgh# d# hvwh# wuded0 rv/# hvwÃr# vxjhulqgr# phdgrv#
okr/# r# wlph# lqlflrx# vxd# fdpsdqkd# gh# duuhfdgd0 gh#mxokr#sdud#d#uhdol}dÇÃr#ylvwr#txh#judqgh#sdu0
ÇÃr# gh# ixqgrv1# R# Urnwrehu# 5343# whp# frpr# wh# gdv# idfxogdghv# dsolfduÃr# surydv# qd# gdwd# sur0
phwd# duuhfdgdu# 81333# hxurv# sdud# vhuhp# lqyhvwl0 srvwd1# R# txh# yrfÊ# dfkdB# Frqwulexd/# sduwlflsh$#
grv# qr# ghvhqyroylphqwr# gr# Dpdurn/# qr# sdjd0 Rslqh=#kwws=22plxg1lq2jI41
phqwr# grv# vhuylgruhv/# h# qr# hqylr# gh# phpeurv#
sdud# frqihuÊqfldv1# Rv# grdgruhv# txh# ghvhmduhp/# Slhuuh#OÉy|#hp#Uhflih
whuÃr# vhxv# qrphv# lqfoxÍgrv# hp# fdgd# yhuvÃr# gr# R#iloÓvrir#sduwlflsduÁ#gd#frqihuÊqfld#gh#dehuwxud#
Dpdurn# odqÇdgd# qrv# suÓ{lpr# dqr1# Vdled# pdlv=# gr#6š#VlpsÓvlr#Klshuwh{wr#h#Whfqrorjldv#qd#Hgx0
kwws=22dpdurn1ngh1ruj1 fdÇÃr# txh# vhuÁ# uhdol}dgr# qrv# gldv# 35# h# 36# gh#
gh}hpeur/# qr# Fhqwur# gh# Duwhv# h# FrpxqlfdÇÃr#
KWPO8#dlqgd#qÃr#hvwÁ#surqwr/#vhjxqgr#Z6F gd# Xqlyhuvlgdgh# Ihghudo# gh# Shuqdpexfr# +FDF0
Dshvdu# gr# judqgh# dsrlr# XISH,1# R# hyhqwr# whp# frpr# remhwlyr# deulu# hvsd0
sru#sduwh#gh#hpsuhvdv#fr0 Çr# sdud# dsuhvhqwdÇÃr# gh# shvtxlvdv# hpsuhhqgl0
pr#Dssoh/#Plfurvriw#h#Jr0 gdv# hp# glihuhqwhv# Áuhdv# gr# frqkhflphqwr#
rjoh/# r# KWPO8# dlqgd# qÃr# flhqwÍilfr/#vhqgr#hl{r#fhqwudo#grv#ghedwhv#d#uhod0
hvwÁ# pdgxur# r# vxilflhqwh# ÇÃr#hqwuh#Klshuwh{wr#h#HgxfdÇÃr1#Qhvwd#whufhlud#
sdud# vhu# lpsohphqwdgr# hglÇÃr/#r#irfr#vhuÁ#d#xwlol}dÇÃr#gdv#Uhghv#Vrfl0
hp#odujd#hvfdod1#Dv#glilfxo0 dlv#frpr#ihuudphqwdv#srwhqfldol}dgrudv#gr#hqvl0
gdghv# hqfrqwudgdv# vÃr# qr# h# gd# dsuhqgl}djhp1# Frqilud=#
yduldgdv/#ghqwuh#hodv=#DSLv/#lqfrpsdwlelolgdgh#hq0 kwws=22zzz1qhkwh1ruj2vlpsrvlr53431
wuh#qdyhjdgruhv/#PdwkPO/#idowd#gh#sdgurql}dÇÃr#
gr#frghf#gh#yÍghr/#idowd#gh#vxsruwh#d#GUP#h#ihu0 OdqÇdgr# RshqQhexod# 513/# r# wrronlw# olyuh# sdud#
udphqwdv# gh# dxwrudÇÃr1#D# h{shfwdwlyd# É# txh# vh0 frpsxwdÇÃr#qd#qxyhp
md# lqwhjudophqwh# odqÇdgr# hp# 53451# Ohld# pdlv=# Sxeolfdgr# uhfhqwhphqwh# r# RshqQhexod# 513/#
kwws=22plxg1lq2jHQ1 xpd#qryd#yhuvÃr#hvwÁyho#gr#wrronlw#Rshq#Vrxufh#
sdud# FrpsxwdÇÃr# qd# Qxyhp1# Hqwuh# dv# qrydv#
Plfurvriw#dwdfd#r#RshqRiilfh1ruj ixqflrqdolgdghv# srghp# vhu# ghvwdfdgdv# r# vhx#
Srxfrv# gldv# dqwhv# gd# vxÍwh# gh# hvfulwÓulr# whu# vh# uhsrvlwÓulr# gh# lpdjhqv/# r# vxsruwh# sdud# P|VTO/#
wudqvirupdgr# hp# OleuhRiilfh/# d# Plfurvriw# olehurx# phokruldv# qr# vxsruwh# dr# YPzduh/# lqwhjudÇÃr#
qr#\rxWxeh#xpd#shÇd#sxeolflwÁuld#txh#h{leh#gh0 frp# OGDS/# phokruldv# hp# hvfdodelolgdgh/#
srlphqwrv# gh# frqvxplgruhv# txh# whqwdudp# pl0 uhqglphqwr/# jhvwÃr# gh# xvxÁulrv# +Dxwrul}dÇÃr/#
judu# pdv# vh# duuhshqghudp# ghylgr# À# vxsrvwd# DxwhqwlfdÇÃr# h# Dxglwruld,/# hqwuh# rxwurv1# Vdled#
txhgd# gh# ghvhpshqkr/# idokdv# gh# frpsdwlelolgd0 pdlv#hp#kwws=22zzz1rshqqhexod1ruj1
gh#h#dowr#fxvwr#gh#vxsruwh#h#pdqxwhqÇÃr1#Dvvlv0
wd=#kwws=22plxg1lq2jHZ1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 3;
FROXQD#GR#OHLWRU

HPDLOV/#
VXJHVWµHV#H#
FRPHQW¡ULRV D|kdq#\LOGL]#0#v{f1kx

RoÁ#fdur#ohlwru$#Hvwh#dtxl#É#r#vhx#hvsdÇr$#Dsur0 Irqwh# gh# lqirupdÇÃr# +h# irupdÇÃr,/# whqkr# hqwuh0


yhlwh#sdud#qrv#idodu#r#txh#dlqgd#idowd#qd#sxeolfd0 jxh# fÓsldv# +rx# grzqordg,# gd# uhylvwd# d# qryrv#
ÇÃr/# ehp# frpr# h{suhvvdu# r# txh# shqvd# d# xvxdulrv# gr# olqx{# +h# rxwurv# surjudpdv# olyuhv,1#D#
uhvshlwr# gdv# pdwÉuldv/# hqwuhylvwdv# h# duwljrv# txh# uhylvwd# whp# vlgr# lpsruwdqwh# sud# plp/# srlv# whqkr#
vÃr# sxeolfdgrv# pÊv# dsÓv# pÊv1# Pdv# qÃr# iltxh# xp# pdwhuldo# gh# uhihuÊqfld# drv# phxv# dpljrv# h#
frp#yhujrqkd=#Vh#dojr#qÃr#ilfrx#ohjdo#h#suhflvd# folhqwhv#txh#dlqgd#qÃr#hqfrqwududp#r#uhdo#vhqwl0
vhu#pxgdgrB#Dylvh0qrv$#Dmxgh0qrv#d#wruqdu#d#uh0 gr#gr#vriwzduh#olyuh1#
ylvwd# dlqgd# phokru1# Frqwulexd/# pdqlihvwh0vh# h# Shgur#Wrpd}#Doyhv#0#FxldeÁ2PW
prvwuh#d#qÓv#h#drv#ghpdlv#ohlwruhv#r#txÃr#lpsru0
wdqwh# É# whu# r# %hvsÍulwr# olyuh%1#Dedl{r# olvwdprv# do0 Pxlwr# erd/# sulqflsdophqwh# shor# idwr# gd# judqgh#
jxqv# frphqwÁulrv# txh# uhfhehprv# qrv# Úowlprv# rqgd#gr#vriwzduh#olyuh#txh#wrprx#frqwd#qrv#Úowl0
gldv= prv#dqrv/#É#hvvhqfldo#hvwdu#sru#ghqwur#ghvwh#dv0
vxqwr/# h# d# Uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh# qrv# srvvlelolwd#
lvwr1
H{fhohqwh#frqwhÚgr#vreuh#r#pxqgr#gh#WL1#Vhp0 Glhjr# Orshv# Pdutxhv# gd# Vloyd# 0# MrÃr# Shv0
suh#txh#srvvr#ph#dwxdol}r#frp#dv#qrydv#whfqror0 vrd2SE
jldv2vhuylÇrv#derugdgrv1
Wkldjr#Jrphv#0#Iruwdoh}d2FH D# Uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh# id}# frp# frpshwÊqfld# r#
wudedokr# gh# uhxqlu# lqirupdÇÕhv# dwxdlv/# jhudqgr#
D# fdgd# gld# yhprv# rv# shulÓglfrv# vreuh# r# pxqgr# xpd#djudgÁyho#ohlwxud#h#glyxojdqgr#r#txh#kÁ#gh#
gd#lqirupÁwlfd#vhqgr#dshuihlÇrdgrv/#sruÉp/#srx0 lpsruwdqwh#qr#pxqgr#gd#whfqrorjld1#
frv# vÃr# rv# txh# lpsohphqwdp# rsruwxqlgdghv# h# Odulvvd#DudÚmr#gh#Dohqfdu#0#MrÃr#Shvvrd2SE
dfhvvlelolgdgh# drv# vhxv# ohlwruhv# frpr# d# Uhylvwd#
HvsÍulwr#Olyuh1 D# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh# É# xpd# h{fhohqwh# uhylvwd$# R# Eud0
FÍfhur#Slqwr#Urfkd#0#Fdprflp2FH vlo# suhflvd# fdgd# yh}# pdlv# gh# dwlwxghv# frp# hvwd#
txh#ghudp#ruljhp#d#uhylvwd1
Uhylvwd#frp#r#frqwhÚgr#dwxdo#gh#h{fhohqwh#txdol0 Khoghu#F1##Rolyhlud#0#Suhvlghqwh#Suxghqwh2VS
gdgh1
Jxlokhuph#Vrx}d#Jrphv#0#Mxl}#gh#Irud2PJ D#Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh#É#xp#h{fhohqwh#phlr#sd0
ud# vh# pdqwhu# dwxdol}dgr# vreuh# qrwÍfldv# gr# pxq0
D#phokru#h#pdlv#deudqjhqwh#uhylvwd#gljlwdo#vreuh# gr# Rshq# Vrxufh2Iuhh# Vriwzduh# qr# pxqgr# h/#
VO1 sulqflsdophqwh/#qr#Eudvlo1#Dv#hqwuhylvwdv/#rv#wxwr0
Ulfdugr#Hvwhyhv#Srqwhv#0#Fdpslqdv2VS uldlv#h#dv#uhsruwdjhqv#vÃr#wrgdv#lqwhuhvvdqwhv1
MrÃr#Sdxor#Phor#gh#Vdpsdlr#0#VÃr#Fduorv2VS

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 3<
FROXQD#GR#OHLWRU

Xpd# h{fhohqwh# irqwh# gh# lqirupdÇÃr# h# frqvxowd# Gh#Ówlpd#txdolgdgh/#d#fdgd#odqÇdphqwr#hqfdpl0


frp#srwhqfldo#gh#fuhvflphqwr#h#glyxojdÇÃr#h{sr0 qkr#d#wrgrv#doxqrv#vxjhulqgr#d#ohlwxud1#Dfrpsd0
qhqfldo/#kdmd#ylvwd#d#h{fhohqwh#txdolgdgh#gh#vhx# qkr#ghvgh#r#odqÇdphqwr#gd#uhylvwd1
frqwhÚgr1 MÉihu#Ehqhghww#GÖuu#0#Wrohgr2SU
IoÁylr#DsrolqÁulr#gh#Vrx}d#0#Rvdvfr2VS
Pxlwr# erp# phvpr/# vhpsuh# glyxojr# sdud# phxv#
Xp# judqgh# surmhwr/# dfrpsdqkr# ghvgh# d# hglÇÃr# dpljrv1
4# h# hvshur# hp# euhyh# whu# h{shulÊqfld# vxilflhqwh# Doh{#Vdqgur#gh#R1H}htxlho#0#Dsxfdudqd2SU
sdud# frpsduwlokdu# frp# wrgrv# dwudyÉv# gd# uhylvwd1#
D#Hvslulwr#Olyuh#É/#sdud#plp/#pdlv#Úwlo#h#lqirupdwl0 D#uhylvwd#Hvslulwr#Olyuh/#ohyd#sdud#d#ylgd#grv#ohl0
yd#txh#rxwudv#uhylvwdv#vreuh#lqirupÁwlfd#txh#srv0 wruhv# lqirupdÇÕhv# suhflvdv# h# frqwhpsruÂqhdv#
vxhp# plokduhv# gh# dvvlqdqwhv/# h# r# phokru# gh# gh# htxlsdphqwrv/# vriwzduhv# h# vhuylÇrv# gh# %Ed0
wxgr/#É#wrwdophqwh#olyuh$ vh#rx#Irqwh#Olyuh%1#Frvwxpr#gl}hu#txh#hod#É#pl0
Oxl}#I1#Vloyd#0#VÃr#Ehuqdugr#gr#Fdpsr2VS qkd#edvh#Olqx{#gr#gld0d0gld1
Udidho#grv#Vdqwrv#Erujhv#0#PdfdÉ2UM
³wlpd#uhylvwd#sdud#glyxojdÇÃr#h#dsuhqgl}dgr#gr#
rshq#vrxufh1 Xpd# h{fhohqwh# irqwh# gh# lqirupdÇÃr# h# frqvxowd#
Fohlwrq#Doyhv#gh#Rolyhlud#0#Fdudslfxled2VS frp# srwhqfldo# gh# fuhvflphqwr# h# glyxojdÇÃr# h{0
srqhqfldo/# kdmd# ylvwd# d# h{fhohqwh# txdolgdgh# gh#
Xpd# lpsruwdqwh# irqwh# gh# lqirupdÇÕhv# txh# yhlr# vhx#frqwhÚgr1#
sdud# suhhqfkhu# d# odfxqd# txh# h{lvwld# qr# txh# gl}# IoÁylr#DsrolqÁulr#gh#Vrx}d#0#Rvdvfr2VS
uhvshlwr#Àv#uhylvwdv#vreuh#r#vriwzduh#olyuh1
Nohehu#I1#JrqÇdoyhv#Jrphv#0#VÃr#Sdxor2VS H{fhohqwh#irqwh#gh#lqirupdÇÃr#qr#txh#vh#uhodflr0
qd#À#whfqrorjld#h#Vriwzduh#Olyuh1
D# Uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh# É# pxlwr# erd/# vhpsuh# Jxlokhuph#Oxfldqr#Pdutxhv#0#Jxdudsdul2HV
frp# pdwÉuldv# lqwhuhvvdqwhv1# Vhpsuh# txh# srvvr#
hx#ohlr#h#uhohlr1#Dgrur1 H{fhohqwh$# Pdwhuldo# gh# Ówlpd# txdolgdgh# h# lqiru0
Nho|dqh#ZÁowhu#JrqÇdoyhv#0#PdulqjÁ2SU pdÇÃr# gh# dowr# qÍyho# uhxqlgdv# hp# xpd# vÓ# uhylv0
wd$#Qd#uhylvwd#ghvwh#pÊv#whprv#d#froxqd#%Txhp#
H{fhohqwh# wudedkr/# vhpsuh# frp# frqwhÚgr# yÁuld0 qÃr#xvd#Olqx{B%/#Ówlpd/#sulqflsdophqwh#sdud#qÓv#
gr# h# vhp# irfdu# hp# xpd# Úqlfd# glvwur/# hperud# r# lqlfldqwhv#hp#vriwzduh#olyuh1#Vh#srvvÍyho/#pdqwh0
h{fhvvr# gh# pdwÉuldv# vreuh# Xexqwx# h# ghulydgru# qkdp# hvwd# froxqd# frp# pdlv# lqirupdÇÕhv# sdud#
lqfrprgh1 sÚeolfr#lqlfldqwh$
Gdljr#Dvxnd#0#Orqgulqd2SU UrjÉulr#Shuhv#gd#Vloyd#0#Prjl#JxdÇx2VS

Pxlwr# lqwhuhvvdqwh/# erd# ydulhgdgh# gh# frqwhÚgr/# Dwxdophqwh# xpd# gdv# phokruhv# irqwhv# gh# lqiru0
uhsruwdjhqv# vhpsuh# lqwhuhvvdqwhv/# erd# ohlwxud# pdÇÃr/# vhmd# gh# vriwzduh# olyuh/# fduuhlud# rx# fxulr0
sdud#vh#dwxdol}du#vreuh#vriwzduh#olyuh1 vlgdghv/#ydoh#d#shqd#frqihulu#fdgd#hglÇÃr1
Sdeor#Duedr#gd#Vloyd#0#Ir}#gr#LjxdÇx2SU Qrhoohq#Vdpdud#gd#Vloyd#0#YÁu}hd#Sdxolvwd2VS

Dfkr# edvwdqwh# lqwhuhvvdqwh# srlv# vriwzduh# olyuh# É# D# uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh# deudqjh# frqwhÚgrv# lp0
r#txh#pdlv#hvwÁ#hp#hylgÊqfld#krmh/#h#dwudyÉv#gd# sruwdqwhv# qd# dwxdolgdgh# qd# Áuhd# gh# whfqrorjld#
uhylvwd/# srghprv# hvwdu# sru# ghqwur# gh# wrgdv# dv# gd#lqirupdÇÃr1
qrylgdghv#uhodflrqdgrv#d#hvwh#dvvxqwr1 Odlovrq#Khqultxh#R1grv#Vdqwrv#0#Whuhvlqd2SL
Glhjr#Orshv#P1gd#Vloyd#0#MrÃr#Shvvrd2SE

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 43
FROXQD#GR#OHLWRU

©# xpd# sursrvwd# pxlwr# lqwhuhvvdqwh# mÁ# txh# djr0 Uhdophqwh#d#Úqlfd#uhylvwd#txh#glyxojd#h#lqfhqwl0


ud/# frp# pxlwr# dwudvr/# É# txh# r# Vriwzduh# Olyuh# 00# yd#r#xvr#gr#vriwzduh#olyuh#h#vhxv#dsolfdwlyrv1
frp#vxdv#lpsolfdÇÕhv#00#frphÇd#d#vhu#ohydgr#d# Zdqghu#Qlovrq#Fduuxvfd#0#Ehor#Krul}rqwh2PJ
vÉulr# shodv# glyhuvdv# hvihudv# gh# jhuhqfldphqwr#
sÚeolfr/# id}hqgr# frp# txh# pxlwdv# shvvrdv# wh0 Xpd# yhugdghlud# irqwh# gh# lqirupdÇÃr# vreuh# r#
qkdp#txh#hqwhqghu#gr#whpd1 pxqgr#gr#vriwzduh#olyuh1
PÁuflr#gh#Rolyhlud#Vdqwrv#0#VÃr#Oxlv2PD Ghqlv#Urguljxhv#Ihuuhlud#0#XehuoÂqgld2PJ

Dshvdu#gh#whu#srxfr#whpsr#txh#hx#frqkhÇr/#jrv0 ³wlpd# sxeolfdÇÃr# h# whp# phokrudgr# d# fdgd# qÚ0


wr# h# dfkr# xpd# ehod# lqlfldwlyd/# srlv# glvvhplqd# r# phur/# derugdqgr# whpdv# txh# hvwÃr# hp# yrjd# qr#
frqkhflphqwr#h#frp#lvvr#frqwulexl#sdud#d#WL#h#r# prphqwr# h# shuplwlqgr# xpd# dpsod# sduwlflsdÇÃr#
pxqgr#olyuh1 gh#vhxv#ohlwruhv1#
KruÁflr#Y1#gh#Fduydokr#Ilokr#0#Vdqwd#Pduld2GI Ydqlql#E1#Frvwd#gh#Olpd#0#Ulr#gh#Mdqhlur2UM

Gh# sulphlud# ylvwd# hx# jrvwhl/# srlv# É# d# sulphlud# ©#xpd#gdv#Úqlfdv/#rx#vhqÃr#d#Úqlfd#uhylvwd#d#lq0


yh}# txh# yhmr/# pdv# whp# pxlwdv# lqirupdÇÕhv# qh0 frusrudu# d# hvvÊqfld# olyuh# +frpr# qrv# vriwzduhv,#
fhvvÁuldv#sdud#r#qrvvr#gld#d#gld/#sdudeÉqv111 hp#vl#suÓsuld1
Hghu#Prolqd#Urguljxhv#0#Fdpsr#Judqgh2PV Udidho#L1#grv#Vdqwrv#0#Ulr#gh#Mdqhlur2UM

H{fhohqwh#h#hvfoduhfhgrud1#Dwhqgh#d#wrgrv#rv#sÚ0 Xpd# h{fhohqwh# reud# txh# hqultxhfh# r# frqkhfl0


eolfrv/# ghvgh# rv# pdlv# h{shulhqwhv# drv# lqfldqwhv# phqwr#grv#ohlwruhv#d#fdgd#pÊv#txh#É#sxeolfdgd$
qr#pxqgr#Olqx{1 IÁelr#Nrwrzlvnl#0#Qdyhjdqwhv2VF
Fduorv#DqguÉ#Vdqwrv#gh#Mhvxv#0#Odmh2ED
Dfkhl# d# uhylvwd# pdudylokrvd/# frp# pdwhuldo# vÉulr#
©#xpd#uhylvwd#pxlwr#ehp#hoderudgd/#pxlwr#lqiru0 h# gh# Ówlpd# txdolgdgh# mÁ# qÃr# frqvljr# ylyhu# vhp#
pdwlyd1# Dsuhvhqwd# frqwhÚgr# frp# txdolgdgh/# hod1
od|rxw#edfdqd1#Pxlwr#erd#phvpr1 ©gqd#Pdulvd#IhuuÃr#grv#Vdqwrv#0#Lwdshpd2VF
Ohlr#vhpsuh1#
Udlpxqgr#V1#Vloyd#0#Vhqkru#gr#Erqilp2ED Pxlwr#erd#lqlfldwlyd/#txh#frqwd#frp#Ówlprv#frox0
qlvwdv1#SdudeÉqv$
SdudeÉqv# h{fhohqwh# uhylvwd$# ³wlpr# phlr# gh# fr0 Sdxor#K1#Vdqwdqd#0#VÃr#MrvÉ#grv#Slqkdlv2SU
pxqlfdÇÃr# vreuh# vriwzduh# olyuh# h# fÓgljr# dehuwr1#
Vrx# xvxÁulr# gh# sulphlud# yldjhp# dr# VR# h# r# txh# H{fhohqwhv#pdwÉuldv#frp#pxlwr#irfr#h#ehp#remh0
vlpsohvphqwh#srvvr#gl}hu#É#txh#ph#wruqhl#xp#ohl0 wlydv/# sursruflrqdqgr# xpd# ohlwxud# pdlv# hpedvd0
wru#dvvÍgxr#gd#uhylvwd#srlv#hvvd#frqvhjxh#deru0 gd# h# lqwhuhvvdqwh/# vhp# phqflrqdu# d# olehugdgh#
gdu# dv# lqirupdÇÇÕhv# h# frqkhflphqwrv# hp# gh#glvwulexlÇÃr/#txh#É#r#glihuhqfldo#gd#uhylvwd1
lqirupÁwlfd#gh#irupd#remhwlyd/#fodud#h#frp#pxlwd# Euxqr#Iloolsh#gh#Eduurv#VhÁud#0#LwdmdÍ2VF
frpshwhqfld1#VXFHVVR$
Vhopr#Orshv#gd#Fux}#0#Lwdshyl2VS Xpd# uhylvwd# hvvhqfldo# sdud# wrgrv# rv# sÚeolfrv#
derugd#r#phokru#gh#wxgr#gr#Vriwzduh#Olyuh1
³wlpd#uhylvwd#txh#dfrpsdqkdphqwr#r#pxqgr#ol0 Jxvwdyr#M1#Fdvwur#Eudvlo#0#¡jxdv#gd#Sudwd2VS
yuh1# Whp# ph# dmxgdgr# edvwdqwh# qr# dsuhqgl}dgr#
phx# h# gh# phxv# dpljrv# qd# txheud# gh# sdudglj0 ©# d# phokru# gh# uhylvwd# gh# frqwhÚgr# rshq# vrxufh#
pd#qd#lqirupÁwlfd1 gr#prphqwr1
Ohrqdugr#Frvwd#Ydujdv#0#Frqwdjhp2PJ Pdufrv#DqwÔqlr#E1#gd#Vloyd#0#Fdudslfxled2VS

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 44
FROXQD#GR#OHLWRU

Ohlr# h# glyxojr# sdud# phxv# dpljrv# d# HvsÍulwr# Ol0 Jrvwr# pxlwr/# srlv# ilfr# lqirupdgr# vreuh# dv#
yuh# +phvpr# dtxhohv# txh# qÃr# whyh# frqwdwr# frp# qrylgdghv#gr#pxqgr#gr#vriwzduh#olyuh1
vriwzduh# olyuh# dlqgd,# h# wlyh# xp# ihhgedfn# pxlwr# Urehuwr#Khqultxh#Wrqhwh#0#Srqwd#Jurvvd2SU
erp/# sulqflsdophqwh# hp# vh# wudwdqgr# gdv# pdwÉul0
dv#gh#sludwduld1 H[FHOHQWH$# LqirupdÇÃr# gh# txdolgdgh# sdud#
Ulfdugr#Gdqwdv#gh#Rolyhlud#0#Uhflih2SH qÓv/# dpdqwhv# OLQX[# h# sdud# txhp# hvwd#
frphÇdqgr# d# fdplqkdu# frqrvfr# qhvwh# vlvwhpd1#
Hx#dfkr#txh#wudgx}#pxlwr#ehp#r#%hvsÍulwr#olyuh%1# Pxlwr#erp$#Sdudehqv$
H{fhohqwh# txdolgdgh/# ghvgh# d# gldjudpdÇÃr# dwÉ# Zlooldp#Dqghuvrq#Frvwd#0#Mxl}#gh#Irud2PJ
r# frqwhÚgr# h# foduh}d# gdv# lghldv# h# lqirupdÇÕhv1#
Frpsuryd/# qd# suÁwlfd/# r# txh# É# frpsduwlokdu# fr0 ³wlpd#uhylvwd/#É#gh#judÇd/#iÁflo#gh#hqwhqghu1
qkhflphqwr1#Dwuhyr0ph# d# uhvxplu# hp# xpd# sdod0 Pdughq#O1#Fruuhld#gh#Rolyhlud#0#PdfhlÓ2DO
yud=#jhqhurvlgdgh1
Fduorv#U1#Prxud#0#VÃr#MrvÉ#gr#Ulr#Suhwr2VS D# Uhylvwd# hvwd# pxlwr# erd# h# yhp# ph#
vxusuhhqghqgr# d# fdgd# qryd# hglÇÃr# h# jrvwduld#
Dv#phokruhv#hqwuhylvwdv#uhodflrqdgdv#dr#vriwzd0 gh# vxjhulu/# txh# fdgd# yh}# pdlv# d# Uhylvwd# wudjd#
uh#olyuh#vÓ#vÃr#hqfrqwudgdv#qd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh1 duwljrv# frpr# r# ghvwd# hglÇÃr# frpr# JhuÊqfld# gh#
Hgxdugr#K1#gh#Rolyhlud#0#Qryr#Kdpexujr2UV Uhghv# h# dvvxqwrv# pdlv# wÉfqlfrv1# D# Htxlsh# gd#
Uhylvwd# hvwÁ# gh# sdudeÉqv# h# hvwrx# dqvlrvr# sdud#
Ghsrlv#txh#frqkhfl#d#Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#OÍyuh#ohlr# ohu#d#suÓ{lpd#hglÇÃr1
wrgdv# dv# hglÇÕhv# dvvlp# txh# vÃr# odqÇdgdv/# xpd# Fduorv#Iuhghulfr#Vdqwrv#Ehorwd#0#Pdqdxv2DP
gdv#phokruhv#irqwhv#gh#lqirupdÇÃr#vreuh#Vriwzd0
uh#Olyuh#h#duwljrv#gh#WL1#Uhfrphqgr#d#wrgrv#txh# Sulphlud# yh}# txh# ohlr/# pdv# jrvwhl# pxlwr/# yÁulrv#
exvfdp# frqwhÚgrv# gh# txdolgdgh# h# yduldgrv# vr0 olqnv# sdud# frlvd# glyhuvdv# h# lqwhuhvvdqwhv/# glfdv#
euh#Vriwzduh#Olyuh1 txh#dsuryhlwduhl#pxlwr1
Uxglqhl#Zhvfkhqihoghu#0#WhxwÔqld2UV Mrdtxlp#Dqwrqlr#gd#Vloyd#0#VÃr#Sdxor2VS

H{fhohqwh# irupd# gh# vh# pdqwhu# dwxdol}dgr# vreuh# HvwÁ# qr# qÍyho# gdv# uhylvwdv# sdjdv1# PdwÉuldv#
r# pxqgr# gd# lqirupÁwlfd/# sulqflsdophqwh# vreuh# H{fhohqwhv1
%iuhh#vriwzduh%1 Ohdqgur#Urguljxhv#Jdplwr#0#Jxduxokrv2VS
Ulffhool#Uhlv#gh#Rolyhlud#0#VdqwduÉp2SD

Vhp# gÚylgd# xpd# gdv# phokruhv# sxeolfdÇÕhv# vr0


euh# vriwzduh# olyuh# h# fxowxud# jhhn# frp# frqwhÚgr#
gh#Ówlpd#txdolgdgh#vreuh#whpdv#dwxdlv#lpsruwdq0
whv# sdud# wrgrv# gd# Áuhd# wÉfqlfd# h# txh# srvvxhp#
%HvsÍulwr#Olyuh%1
Mrujh#O1#Fklwrolqd#gh#JÓhv#0#Vrurfded2VS

D# Uhylvwd# É# d# Úqlfd# sxeolfdÇÃr# txh# dsolfd# rv#


ydoruhv# gh# olehugdgh# hp# vxd# wrwdolgdgh/# vhqgr#
yhugdghludphqwh#froderudwlyd#h#frp#pdwhuldo#gh# FrphqwÁulrv/#vxjhvwÕhv#h#
dowd#txdolgdgh1 frqwulexlÇÕhv=
MrÃr#D1#E1#R1#Vdqwdqd#0#Fdpdudjleh2SH
uhylvwdChvslulwrolyuh1ruj

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 45
SURPR§µHV#—#UHOD§£R#GH#JDQKDGRUHV#H#QRYDV#SURPR§µHV

#SURPR§µHV

QÃr#jdqkrxB#YrfÊ#dlqgd#whp#fkdqfh$#R#
Foxeh#gr#Kdfnhu#hp#sdufhuld#frp#d#Uhylvwd#
HvsÍulwr#Olyuh#vruwhduÁ#dvvrfldÇÕhv#sdud#r#
foxeh1#Lqvfuhyd0vh#qr#olqn#h#fux}h#rv#ghgrv$

FOLTXH#DTXL#SDUD#SDUWLFLSDU$

D#WuhlqdOlqx{#hp#sdufhuld#frp#d#Uhylvwd#
HvsÍulwr#Olyuh#hvwduÁ#vruwhdqgr#nlwv#gh#
GYGv#hqwuh#rv#ohlwruhv1#Edvwd#vh#
lqvfuhyhu#qhvwh#olqn#h#frphÇdu#d#wrufhu$

FOLTXH#DTXL#SDUD#SDUWLFLSDU$

Udidho#Khuqdqgh}#hp#sdufhuld#frp#d#
Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh#hvwduÁ#vruwhdqgr#
eulqghv#hqwuh#rv#ohlwruhv1#Edvwd#vh#
lqvfuhyhu#qhvwh#olqn#h#frphÇdu#d#wrufhu$

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 46
SURPR§µHV#—#UHOD§£R#GH#JDQKDGRUHV#H#QRYDV#SURPR§µHV

UhodÇÃr#gh#jdqkdgruhv#gh#vruwhlrv#dqwhulruhv=

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#Y#VhjLqir=
Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#Mrrpod=

41#Qrhoohq#Vdpdud#gd#Vloyd#0#YÁu}hd#Sdxolvwd2VS
41#Jxlokhuph#Vrx}d#Jrphv#0#Mxl}#gh#Irud2PJ
51#EÁuedud#DudÚmr#gd#Vloyd#Erujhv#0#QlwhuÓl2UM
51#UrjÉulr#Shuhv#gd#Vloyd#0#Prjl#JxdÇx2VS

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#Y#VhjLqir=
Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#Vfuxp=

41#Fohlwrq#Doyhv#gh#Rolyhlud#0#Fdudslfxled2VS
41#Jxlokhuph#Vrx}d#Jrphv#0#Mxl}#gh#Irud2PJ
51#EÁuedud#DudÚmr#gd#Vloyd#Erujhv#0#QlwhuÓl2UM
51#IoÁylr#DsrolqÁulr#gh#Vrx}d#0#Rvdvfr2VS

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#Y#VhjLqir=

41#Jxlokhuph#Vrx}d#Jrphv#0#Mxl}#gh#Irud2PJ
51#EÁuedud#DudÚmr#gd#Vloyd#Erujhv#0#QlwhuÓl2UM

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#HPVO*43=

41#Ghqlv#Urguljxhv#Ihuuhlud#0#XehuoÂqgld2PJ
51#Zdqghu#Qlovrq#Fduuxvfd#0#Ehor#Krul}rqwh2PJ
61#Ohrqdugr#Mrvh#gd#Frvwd#Ydujdv#0#Frqwdjhp2PJ
71#Dohvvdqghu#Shu|#Orshv#Wkrpd}#0#Pduldqd2PJ

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#ZrugFdps#Fxulwled=

41#FÍfhur#Slqkr#Urfkd#0#Fdprflp2FH
51#Oxlv#Dupdqgr#Pludffr#0#Fxulwled2SU
61#Gdqlor#Urguljxhv#0#Dudxfduld2SU
71#Vlprqh#Dudxmr#0#Ylod#Yhokd2HV
81#Hxehu#Fkdld#Frwwd#h#Vloyd#0#Ehor#Krul}rqwh2PJ

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 47
SURPR§µHV#—#UHOD§£R#GH#JDQKDGRUHV#H#QRYDV#SURPR§µHV

UhodÇÃr#gh#jdqkdgruhv#gh#vruwhlrv#dqwhulruhv=

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#S|wkrqEudvlo#^9`=

41#MrÃr#Sdxor#Phor#gh#Vdpsdlr#0#VÃr#Fduorv2VS
51#Glhjr#orshv#Pduxthv#gd#Vloyd#0#MrÃr#Shvvrd2SE
61#Odulvvd#DudÚmr#gh#Dohqfdu#0#MrÃr#Shvvrd2SE
71#Shgur#Wrpd}#Doyhv#0#FxldeÁ2PW
81#Vlprqh#Dudxmr#grv#Vdqwrv#0#Ylod#Yhokd2HV

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#WuhlqdOlqx{=

41#Ohrqdugr#DudÚmr#gd#Vloyd#0#Fduldflfd2HV
51#Fduorv#Urehuwr#gh#Prxud#0#VÃr#MrvÉ#gr#Ulr#Suhwr2VS

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#Foxeh#gr#Kdfnhu=

41#Mrujh#Ohrqdugr#Fklwrolqd#gh#JÓhv#0#Vrurfded2VS
51#Mhdq#Phqrvvl#0#Ydujhp#Judqgh#gr#Vxo2VS
61#Khuol#Fduorv#V1#gr#Qdvflphqwr#Mxqlru#0#PdfhlÓ2DO

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#Yluwxdoolqn=

41#Oxfdv#Ndxh#Udprv#gh#Olpd#0#WuÊv#Odjrdv2PV
51#Uxglqhl#Zhvfkhqihoghu#0#WhxwÔqld2UV
61#Ulffhool#Uhlv#gh#Rolyhlud#0#VdqwduÉp2SD
71#Ohdqgur#Dpdudo#0#EljxdÇx2VF
81#MrÃr#D1#E1#R1#Vdqwdqd#0#Fdpdudjleh2SH

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#8š#VrOlVF1j}

41#MrÃr#Jxlokhuph#]hql#0#IoruldqrsÓolv2VF
51#Euxqr#Iloolsh#gh#Eduurv#VhÁud#0#LwdmdÍ2VF
61#Sdxor#Khqultxh#gh#Olpd#Vdqwdqd#0#VÃr#MrvÉ#grv#Slqkdlv2SU
71#©gqd#Pdulvd#IhuuÃr#grv#Vdqwrv#0#Lwdshpd2VF
81#IÁelr#Nrwrzlvnl#0#Qdyhjdqwhv2VF

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 48
SURPR§µHV#—#UHOD§£R#GH#JDQKDGRUHV#H#QRYDV#SURPR§µHV

UhodÇÃr#gh#jdqkdgruhv#gh#vruwhlrv#dqwhulruhv=

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#Guxsdo#FPV#Ulr#EÁvlfr#Wxwruldo#
PÃr#qd#Pdvvd=

41#Udidho#Ljxdwhp|#grv#Vdqwrv#0#Ulr#gh#Mdqhlur2UM
51#Ydqlql#E1#Frvwd#gh#Olpd#0#Ulr#gh#Mdqhlur2UM

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#LY#HQVO=

41#FÍfhur#Slqkr#Urfkd#0#Fdprflp2FH
51#Jhevrq#Ylfwr#Doyhv#Ihlwr}d#0#Qdwdo2UQ
61#PÁuflr#gh#Rolyhlud#Vdqwrv#0#VÃr#Oxlv2PD

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#\DSF==Eudvlo#5343

41#Wkldjr#Jrphv#^ #Iruwdoh}d2FH

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#HQVROED=

41#Udlpxqgr#Dqwrqlr#Vdqwrv#Vloyd#0#Vhqkru#gr#Erqilp2ED
51#Fduorv#DqguÉ#Vdqwrv#gh#Mhvxv#0#Odmh2ED
61#Gdqlho#Yldqqd#Krlvho#0#LokÉxv2ED
71#Hghu#Prolqd#Urguljxhv#0#Fdpsr#Judqgh2PV
81#Hxehu#Fkdld#Frwwd#h#Vloyd#0#Ehor#Krul}rqwh2PJ

Jdqkdgruhv#gd#surprÇÃr#Odwlqrzduh#5343=

41#Nohehu#Ioruhqwlqr#JrqÇdoyhv#Jrphv#0#VÃr#Sdxor2VS
51#Nho|dqh#ZÁowhu#JrqÇdoyhv#0#PdulqjÁ2SU
61#Gdljr#Dvxnd#0#Orqgulqd2SU
71#Doh{#Vdqgur#gh#Rolyhlud#H}htxlho#0#Dsxfdudqd2SU
81#MÉihu#Ehqhghww#GÖuu#0#Wrohgr2SU

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 49
FROXQD#—#FH]DU#WDXULRQ

R#PRGHOR#RSHQ#VRXUFH

Vylohq#Plohy#0#v{f1kx
Sru#Fh}du#Wdxulrq

Rxwur#gld/#pdqwlyh#xp#dql0 gh# dwlylgdghv# dr# uhgru# gr#


pdgr# ghedwh# frp# dojxqv# dpl0 vriwzduh/# frpr# wuhlqdphqwr/#
jrv# vreuh# frpr# jdqkdu# vxsruwh# h# frqvxowruld/# rx# phv0
glqkhlur# frp# Rshq# Vrxufh1# R# pr# lqfhqwlydqgr# d# jhudÇÃr# gh#
dvvxqwr# hud# lghqwlilfdu# txdlv# rv# uhfhlwdv#rewlgdv#sru#rxwurv#sur0
prghorv#gh#qhjÓflr#txh#srghul0 gxwrv/# frpr# yhqgd# gh# frpsr0
dp# uhdophqwh# id}hu# xp# surmhwr# qhqwhv# gh# vriwzduh# rx# dgg0rqv#
Rshq# Vrxufh# vhu# vxvwhqwÁyho# dr# surgxwr# ruljlqdo/# ehp# frpr#
hfrqrplfdphqwh1# Xp# qhjÓflr/# yhqgd# gh# kdugzduh# frp# r#
txdotxhu# txh# vhmd# hoh/# whp# xp# vriwzduh# hpedufdgr1# Hqwuhwdq0
judqgh# ghvdilr=# frpr# jhudu# uh0 wr/# dv# hvwdwÍvwlfdv# whp# prvwud0
fhlwdv# sdud# vh# pdqwhu# h# fuhv0 gr#txh#rv#xvxÁulrv#txh#sdjdp#
fhu1# Xp# surmhwr# Rshq# Vrxufh# sru# vhuylÇrv# hvshfldlv/# frpr#
srgh#vhu#pdqwlgr#gh#yÁuldv#pd0 dvvlqdwxud# frp# gluhlwr# À# vxsru0
qhludv/# dojxpdv# lqgluhwdv# h# rx0 wh/# vÃr# xpd# plqruld# gldqwh# gr#
wudv# txh# shuplwhp# jhudÇÃr# xqlyhuvr# gh# xvxÁulrv1# Dojxqv#
gluhwd# gh# uhfhlwdv1# Qdv# lqgluh0 qÚphurv# prvwudp# txh# hp# pÉ0
wdv/# rv# jdqkrv# vÃr# dgylqgrv# gld/# dshqdv# 3/4(# grv# grzqor0

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 4:
FROXQD#—#FH]DU#WDXULRQ

dgv# jhudp# xp# frqwudwr# gh# vx0 h{wuhpdphqwh#fdur#h#d#srvvlelol0 ud# hqwudgd# hp# phufdgrv# gh#
sruwh# dvvlqdgr1# Pdv# pdqwhu# d# gdgh# gh# vh# hpedufdu# xp/# mÁ# dsolfdwlyrv# dqwhv# lqdwlqjÍyhlv1#
yhuvÃr# judwxlwd# É# dowdphqwh# eh0 surqwr# h# whvwdgr/# É# xpd# ydqwd0 Xp#ideulfdqwh#joredo#gh#vriwzd0
qÉilfr/# srlv# jhud# xp# hfrvvlvwh0 jhp# gh# whpsr# h# glqkhlur# hqru0 uh# whqgh# d# vh# frqfhqwudu# qrv#
pd# txh# judylwd# hp# wruqr# gr# ph1#Xp#h{hpsor#ghvwh#prghor# phufdgrv#gh#pdlru#sruwh#h#uhq0
vriwzduh/# deulqgr# hvsdÇr# sdud# É#r#P|VTO/#txh#djrud#id}#sdu0 wdelolgdgh/# frp# phqrv# lqyhvwl0
vhuylÇrv# gh# wuhlqdphqwr# h# frq0 wh# gd# Rudfoh1# Fodur# txh# h{lv0 phqwrv# hp# phufdgrv#
vxowruld1# DolÁv/# xp# hfrvvlvwhpd# whp# uhjudv# ghilqlgdv# sdud# txh# phqruhv/# qrv# txdlv# rv# fxvwrv#
vdxgÁyho#h#dwxdqwh#É#ixqgdphq0 r#prghor#fgxdo#olfhqflqjg#ixqflr0 gh# orfdol}dÇÃr# qhp# vhpsuh#
wdo# sdud# d# vreuhylyÊqfld# grv# qh1# D# frpxqlgdgh# srgh# dowhudu# vÃr#frpshqvdgruhv1#R#uhvxowd0
surmhwrv# Rshq# Vrxufh1# Vhp# d# yhuvÃr# JSO# h# qhvwh# fdvr# d# gr# É# txh# pxlwdv# yh}hv# dv# lqr0
xp#vxsruwh#dwlyr#h#frpsurphwl0 P|VTO#qÃr#srghuld#h{ljlu#frs|0 ydÇÕhv# h# dwxdol}dÇÕhv#
gr# gd# frpxqlgdgh/# r# surmhwr# uljkwv#ghvwdv#prglilfdÇÕhv1#Fr0 whfqroÓjlfdv# vÃr# lqwurgx}lgdv#
whqgh#d#fdlu#qr#rvwudflvpr1 pr# uhvroyhu# d# txhvwÃrB# D# frp# dwudvr# qrv# phufdgrv# ph0
Frpr# uhfhlwd# gluhwd/# xp# P|VTO#pdqwÉp#vhx#suÓsulr#fru0 qruhv1#Rxwur#sureohpd#É#d#xvd0
prghor# txh# whp# vlgr# dgrwdgr# sr# gh# # ghvhqyroyhgruhv# txh# elolgdgh# +qÃr# dshqdv# d#
sru# dojxqv# surmhwrv# h# txh# dsd0 vÃr#rv#Úqlfrv#dxwrul}dgrv#d#lq0 wudgxÇÃr#gh#whodv,/#pdv#dgdswd0
uhqwhphqwh# whp# gdgr# fhuwr# É# r# foxlu# prglilfdÇÕhv# qd# yhuvÃr# ÇÃr# Àv# fdudfwhuÍvwlfdv# frortxl0
fgxdo# olfhqflqjg1# Qhvwh# prghor/# frs|uljkw1# WdpeÉp# uhtxlvlwd# dlv# gh# frpxqlfdÇÃr# gd# oÍqjxd#
r# vriwzduh# É# glvwulexÍgr# hp# gx0 txh# rv# frqwulexlgruhv# h{whuqrv# qdflrqdo/# txh# glilflophqwh# vÃr#
dv#yhuvÕhv=#xpd#edvhdgd#hp#ol0 dvvlqhp# frqwudwrv# gh# frs|uljkw# lpsohphqwdgdv# qrv# phufdgrv#
fhqÇdv# olyuhv# frpr# JSO# h# sdud#prglilfdÇÕhv#txh#frqvlgh0 phqruhv1
rxwud# sursulhwÁuld/# frp# r# xvxÁ0 ud# Úwhlv# h# dgtxluh# vhxv# gluhlwrv#
DoÉp# glvvr/# dojxqv# wlsrv#
ulr# dgtxlulqgr# r# gluhlwr# gh# xvr# gh#xvr1 gh# dsolfdÇÕhv# ghpdqgdp# fd0
gr#vriwzduh#dwudyÉv#gh#xp#olfhq0 R# prghor# Rshq# Vrxufh# udfwhuÍvwlfdv# wrwdophqwh# glihuhq0
fldphqwr# frphufldo1# D# yhuvÃr# deuh#wdpeÉp#rsruwxqlgdghv#sd0 whv1# Xp# h{hpsor=# dsolfdÇÕhv#
sursulhwÁuld# jhudophqwh# dsuh0
vhqwd# dojxpdv# glihuhqÇdv# gh#
ixqflrqdolgdgh/# txh# mxvwlilfdul0
dp# r# lqwhuhvvh# gr# xvxÁulr# hp#
dgtxlulu#xpd#olfhqÇd#gh#xvr1#Rx0 #######DolÁv/#xp#hfrvvlvwhpd#
wudv# yh}hv/# r# lqwhuhvvh# É# gh0
pdqgdgr# shod# fdudfwhuÍvwlfd# vdxgÁyho#h#dwxdqwh#É#ixqgdphqwdo#
gr# vriwzduh/# txh# shuplwh# txh#
vxd#yhuvÃr#sursulhwÁuld#vhmd#hp0
sdud#d#vreuhylyÊqfld#grv#surmhwrv#
edufdgd# hp# rxwur# vriwzduh/#
qÃr#frqiolwdqgr#frp#rv#lqwhuhv0
Rshq#Vrxufh1#Vhp#xp#vxsruwh#
vhv#frphufldlv#gd#hpsuhvd#sur0 dwlyr#h#frpsurphwlgr#gd#
gxwrud# ghvwh# surgxwr1# Fdvrv#
wÍslfrv#vÃr#rv#vriwzduhv#gh#edq0 frpxqlgdgh/#r#surmhwr#whqgh#d#fdlu#
fr#gh#gdgrv/#txh#whqghp#d#vhu#
hpedufdgrv# hp# rxwudv# dsolfd0 qr#rvwudflvpr1
ÇÕhv/#hvwdv#vlp/#frphufldlv1#Gh0
vhqyroyhu# d# sduwlu# gr# }hur# xp# Fh}du#Wdxulrq
vriwzduh# gh# edqfr# gh# gdgrv# É#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 4;
FROXQD#—#FH]DU#WDXULRQ

wh#prghor/#rv#fxvwrv#gh#ghvhq0
yroylphqwr# vh# uhgx}hp/# srlv#
vÃr# frpsduwlokdgrv# h# dv# hp0
######VÃr#srxfdv#dv# suhvdv# srghp# dwxdu# gh# irupd#
lqwhjudgd# qd# suhvwdÇÃr# gh# vhu0
hpsuhvdv#qdflrqdlv#frp#fdslwdo# ylÇrv1#Qd#suÁwlfd/#fuldp#xpd#uh0
gh# gh# shtxhqdv# hpsuhvdv/#
vxilflhqwh#sdud#vhuhp#frpshwlwlydv# frp# fdgd# phpeur# frqtxlvwdq0
gr#folhqwhv#hp#vxdv#uhjlÕhv#gh#
qdflrqdophqwh1#R#vhwru#gh#vriwzduh# ruljhp#h#ghvhqyroyhqgr#sdufh0
uldv# hvwuhlwdv# frp# rv# rxwurv#
qr#Eudvlo#É#frpsrvwr#sru#<7(#gh# phpeurv/##txh#whqkdp#h{shuwl0
vh# frpsohphqwdu/# vxsruwdqgr0
plfur/#shtxhqdv#h#pÉgldv# vh# xqv# drv# rxwurv1# Dvvlp/# dv#
hpsuhvdv1 shtxhqdv# hpsuhvdv# uhjlrqdlv/#
vhp# fdslwdo# sdud# vh# wruqduhp#
Fh}du#Wdxulrq qdflrqdlv/# vh# dvvrfldp# hp# uh0
gh#sdud#fuldu#xpd#fhpsuhvd#ylu0
wxdog#hvshfldol}dgd1
Gh# rqgh# srgh# ylu# d# uhfhl0
hvwudqjhludv#gh#jhvwÃr#krvslwd0 vÃr# phufdgrv# pÍqlprv# h# gh#
wd# ghvwdv# uhghv# gh# hpsuhvdvB#
odu#h#foÍqlfdv#qÃr#vh#dgdswdp#id0 edl{d# uhqwdelolgdgh1# ©# xp# phu0
Txh# wdo# shqvdu# hp# frpsrqhq0
flophqwh# Àv# hvshflilflgdghv# fdgr#qÃr#dofdqÇdgr#shodv#judq0
whv#hvshfÍilfrv/#lqvwdodÇÃr/#fxv0
grv#shtxhqrv#h#fduhqwhv#krvsl0 ghv# hpsuhvdv# gh# vriwzduh# h#
wrpl}dÇÃr/# lqwhjudÇÃr# h#
wdlv# eudvlohlurv1# Dwhqghp# dsh0 gh# dowr# srwhqfldo# sdud# hpsuh0
wuhlqdphqwrB# H# srutxh# wdp0
qdv# +h# pxlwdv# yh}hv# vdv#phqruhv1
eÉp# qÃr# hp# Vriwzduh0dv0d0
sdufldophqwh,# Àtxhod# sdufhod# Sru# rxwur# odgr/# dv# shtxh0 Vhuylfh#+VddV,B#
pÍqlpd# gh# krvslwdlv# fodvvh# sul0 qdv# hpsuhvdv# qdflrqdlv# qÃr#
phlur# pxqgr/# txh# vh# frqwdp# Hvwd# uhgh# vrfldo# gh# qhjÓ0
whp# fdsdflgdgh# ilqdqfhlud/# whf0
hp# srxfdv# gh}hqdv1# Rxwurv# flrv# edvhdgrv# hp# Rshq# Vrxu0
qroÓjlfd# h# hpsuhvduldo# sdud#
h{hpsorvB# JhvwÃr# gh# vhuylÇrv# fh# srgh# deulu# qrydv#
dwhqghu#d#hvwh#phufdgr#lvrodgd0
sÚeolfrv1# Rv# surfhvvrv# grv# Óu0 rsruwxqlgdghv# gh# phufdgr/# kr0
phqwh1# VÃr# srxfdv# dv# hpsuh0
jÃrv# sÚeolfrv# eudvlohlurv# vÃr# mh# lqh{lvwhqwhv1# R# vriwzduh# É# r#
vdv# qdflrqdlv# frp# fdslwdo#
ehp# glihuhqwhv/# lqfoxvlyh# qrv# phvpr/# vhmd# lpsohphqwdgr# hp#
vxilflhqwh#sdud#vhuhp#frpshwlwl0
dvshfwrv# fxowxudlv# drv# lpsoh0 UrqgÔqld# rx# qr# HvsÍulwr# Vdq0
ydv# qdflrqdophqwh1# R# vhwru# gh#
phqwdgrv# hp# vroxÇÕhv# hvwudq0 wr/#h#d#wurfd#gh#h{shuwlvh#idflol0
vriwzduh# qr# Eudvlo# É# frpsrvwr#
jhludv1# Vxujhp# wdpeÉp# wd# r# surfhvvr# gh#
sru# <7(# gh# plfur/# shtxhqdv# h#
lqÚphurv# hvsdÇrv# hp# vhwruhv# lpsohphqwdÇÃr# h# dv# hpsuhvdv#
pÉgldv# hpsuhvdv1# Xpd# vrox0
rqgh#shtxhqdv#hpsuhvdv#hvsh0 frqfhqwudp0vh# hp# id}hu# r# dsol0
ÇÃr# É# ghvhqyroyhu# dsolfdwlyrv#
fldol}dgdv# ghpdqgdp# dsolfd0 fdwlyr# ixqflrqdu# sdud# dwhqghu#
qd#irupd#froderudwlyd/#qr#prgh0
ÇÕhv# hvshfÍilfdv/# frpr# dv# dr# qhjÓflr# gr# folhqwh# h# qÃr#
or# Rshq# Vrxufh/# frp# frqwulexl0
hqfrqwudgdv#hp#duudqmrv#surgx0 hp# hvfuhyhu# h# ghsxudu# vriwzd0
ÇÃr# dwlyd# gh# xqlyhuvlgdghv# txh#
wlyrv#orfdlv#frpr#wÊ{wlo#rx#fdoÇd0 uh1
frqkhfhp# ehp# rv# surfhvvrv#
grv1# Hvwhv# phufdgrv# qÃr# vÃr# grv# vhwruhv# gh# lqgÚvwuld# h# whp# R# uhvxowdgr# ilqdo# É# xp#
dwhqglgrv# gh# irupd# dghtxdgd# pÃr# gh# reud# whfqroÓjlfd1# Qhv0 pdlru# qÍyho# gh# lqirupdwl}dÇÃr#
sru# surgxwrv# hvwudqjhlurv/# srlv# h# hilflÊqfld# gdv# shtxhqdv# ilu0

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 4<
FROXQD#—#FH]DU#WDXULRQ

pdv#qdflrqdlv#+dlqgd#pxlwr#olpl0 iru# xp# vriwzduh# lqrydgru/# srgh# flrqdu#qr#phufdgrB#©#xp#sur0


wdgdv,# h# xp# pdlru# h# pdlv# ulfr# shqvdu#hp#suhÇrv#pdlruhv1 gxwr#frprglwl}dgr#txh#ydl#
hfrvvlvwhpd#sdud#d#lqgÚvwuld#qd0 Xp# dvshfwr# lpsruwdqwh# d# glvsxwdu#r#hvsdÇr#frp#dojxp#
flrqdo# gh# vriwzduh1# Ohpeuhp0 vhu# dydoldgr# txdqgr# gd# ghilql0 surgxwr#frphufldo#grplqdqwh#
vh=# qr# pxqgr# fdslwdolvwd# r# gl0 ÇÃr# grv# suhÇrv# sdud# dv# rs0 rx#É#xp#vriwzduh#lqrydgru/#
qkhlur#qÃr#vrph/#dshqdv#ghvor0 ÇÕhv# Rshq# Vrxufh# É# r# vhp#frqfruuÊqfldB
fd0vh# gh# xp# oxjdu# sdud# r# fvzlwfklqj# frvwg/# txh# hpexwh# e,#R#vriwzduh#dwhqgh#d#xp#phu0
rxwur>#gd#yhqgd#gh#olfhqÇdv#olpl0 rv# fxvwrv# gr# xvxÁulr# dr# wurfdu# fdgr#gh#qlfkr#rx#dr#phufdgr#
wdgdv# d# xp# phufdgr# uhodwlyd0 gh# xpd# yhuvÃr# sursulhwÁuld# sd0 krul}rqwdoB#R#wdpdqkr#gr#phu0
phqwh# uhvwulwr# d# xp# phufdgr# ud# d# Rshq# Vrxufh1# Hqwuh# hvwhv# fdgr#srwhqfldo#h#d#deudqjÊq0
ehp#pdlru#gh#vhuylÇrv#h#dvvlqd0 fxvwrv#whprv#wuhlqdphqwr/#frq0 fld#gd#frpxqlgdgh#txh#ydl#
wxudv#0#VddV1# yhuvÃr/# lqwhjudÇÃr# frp# rxwurv# judylwdu#hp#wruqr#ghoh#É#ghshq0
Pdv/# xpd# yh}# ghilqlgr# r# vriwzduhv/# vxsruwh# h# dwÉ# phv0 ghqwh#ghvwd#txhvwÃr1
prghor# gh# qhjÓflr/# txdo# srgh0 pr# d# qhfhvvlgdgh# gh# dtxlvl0 f,#R#surmhwr#whp#hvwuxwxud#sru#
uld# vhu# r# suhÇr# sudwlfdgr# shod# ÇÃr# gh# surgxwrv# sursulhwÁulrv# wuÁv#txh#shuplwh#jhudu#uhfhlwd#
yhuvÃr# frphufldoB# Lqglvfxwlyho0 txh#frpsohphqwhp#ixqÇÕhv#ido0 frp#wuhlqdphqwr#h#vxsruwhB
phqwh#txh#r#suhÇr#whp#pxlwr#d# wdqwhv1# g,#R#prghor#VddV#É#dghtxd0
yhu# frp# d# fdwhjruld# gr# vriwzd0 grB#
Dfdedprv# fkhjdqgr# d# h,#R#surmhwr#srgh#vhu#vxvwhqwd0
uh1# Xp# vriwzduh# frprglwl}dgr/# xp# frqvhqvr1# QÃr# h{lvwh# xpd# gr#sru#rxwudv#uhfhlwdv#lqgluh0
frpr# xpd# vxÍwh# gh# hvfulwÓulrv/# uhvsrvwd# Úqlfd/# pdv# dojxpdv# wdv/#frpr#yhqgd#gh#kdugzduhB
ydl# glvsxwdu# xp# phufdgr# dowd0 shujxqwdv#srghp#dmxgdu#d#ghil0 i,#Txdlv#vÃr#rv#remhwlyrv#gh#qh0
phqwh# vhqvÍyho# d# suhÇrv# h# sru0 qlu#txdo#r#phokru#fdplqkr#sdud# jÓflr#grv#oÍghuhv#gr#surmhwr#
wdqwr/# whp# txh# rihuhfhu# xp# surmhwr# Rshq# Vrxufh# vhu# Rshq#VrxufhB
ydqwdjhqv#gh#suhÇrv#ehp#lqihul0 vxvwhqwÁyho=
ruhv# Àv# yhuvÕhv# sursulhwÁuldv#
h{lvwhqwhv1# Sru# rxwur# odgr/# vh# d,#Frpr#r#vriwzduh#ydl#vh#srvl0 FrqfoxÍprv# txh# h{lvwhp#
lqÚphudv# rsruwxqlgdghv# gh# qh0
jÓflr# frp# Rshq# Vrxufh# h# dv#
irqwhv#gh#uhfhlwd#srghp#vhu#lq0
gluhwdv#rx#gluhwdv1#Fdgd#fdvr#É#
########Xp#vriwzduh#frprglwl}dgr/# xp# fdvr/# pdv# dv# rsruwxqlgd0
frpr#xpd#vxÍwh#gh#hvfulwÓulrv/#ydl# ghv# hvwÃr# dÍ# sdud# rv# hpsuhhq0
ghgruhv# gh# sodqwÃr1# Wdoyh}#
glvsxwdu#xp#phufdgr#dowdphqwh# xpd# gdv# sulqflsdlv# eduuhludv#
dlqgd# vhmd# r# plwr# txh# Rshq#
vhqvÍyho#d#suhÇrv#h#sruwdqwr/#whp# Vrxufh# qÃr# jhud# glqkhlur1# Sx0
ur#hqjdqr1
txh#rihuhfhu#ydqwdjhqv#gh#suhÇrv#
ehp#lqihulruhv#Àv#yhuvÕhv# FH]DU#WDXULRQ#É#
Jhuhqwh#gh#Qrydv#
Whfqrorjldv#gd#LEP#
sursulhwÁuldv#h{lvwhqwhv1 Eudvlo1#
Vhx#eorj#hvwÁ#
glvsrqÍyho#hp
zzz1lep1frp2ghyhor
Fh}du#Wdxulrq
shuzrunv2eorjv2sdjh2
fwdxulrq

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 53
FROXQD#—#F¡UOLVVRQ#JDOGLQR

Sru##Fduolvvrq#Jdoglqr

Qr# hslvÓglr# dqwhulru/# qd# jdudjhp# gh# xp# krwho#


hp#IordwleÁ/#Gduuho#dsuhvhqwd#d#Sdqgrud#d#qryd#
dtxlvlÇÃr# sdud# d# gxsod=# xpd# prwr# hoÉwulfd1# D#
lghld#gh#Gduuho#É#dgdswdu#r#vlvwhpd#hoÉwulfr#sdud#
txh# Sdqgrud# srvvd# dolphqwdu# d# prwr#
gluhwdphqwh/# frp# vhxv# srghuhv# vreuh#
hohwulflgdgh1# Gduuho# dlqgd# hvwdyd# hvwxgdqgr# r#
vlvwhpd# hoÉwulfr# gd# Fkrtxlwd# +frpr# d# Sdqgrud#
HslvÓglr#46 sdvvrx#d#fkdpdu#d#prwr,/#txdqgr#Sdqgrud#yhp#
dylvdqgr#gh#xp#qryr#dwdtxh#gr#juxsr#gh#Rolyhu#
GhvwuxÍgd#ShuiZd| hp# Vwulqjwrzq1# Ghvwd# yh}/# À# ShuiZd|1# H# hohv#
wÊp#txh#lu1

Sdqgrud=#Sud#txh#lvvr#wxgrB

Gduuho=#Ylvwd0vh$

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 54
FROXQD#—#F¡UOLVVRQ#JDOGLQR

Sdqgrud=# Pdv# Ehp/# lvvr# ilfd# pxlwr# hvwudqkr$# Gduuho=#Hvshuhp#dÍ$


YÃr#shqvdu#txh#hvwdprv#orxfrv$

Gduuho=# Sdqgrud/# hvfxwh# ehp1# YrfÊ# ylx# frpr# Sdqgrud# yÊ# qd# fdoÇdgd# dtxhohv# txdwur#
hohv# hvwÃr/# rxylx# d# frqyhuvd# ghohv1# YrfÊ# id}# hohphqwrv1#Orxlvh#gÁ#xp#ulvr/#txdvh#pdogrvr1
lghld#gr#txh#hohv#vÃr#fdsd}hv#gh#id}huB
WxqjvwÊqlr=#R#txh#whprv#dtxlB#Grlv#sdokdÇrvB
Sdqgrud=#Dii/#wÁ#ph#ghl{dqgr#É#frp#phgr111
Sdwlqkdv=#Kdkd$#SdokdÇrv#phvpr/#fkhih$
Gduuho=# Hohv# hvwÃr# orxfrv# h# É# pxlwr# duulvfdgr#
dojxÉp# dwudsdokdu# rv# sodqrv# ghohv1# QÓv# ydprv# Sdqgrud=# WÁ# yhqgr/# EhpB# Yrx# wludu# hvvh#
srutxh# É# dojr# txh# dojxÉp# suhflvd# id}hu1# Vh# É# qhjÓflr#kruururvr$
duulvfdgr# sdud# qÓv/# É# wdpeÉp# sdud# wdqwrv#
surilvvlrqdlv# gh# whfqrorjld# txh# hvwÃr# sru# dÍ# À# Gduuho# lpshgh# txh# hod# wluh# r# fdsdfhwh# h#
phufÊ#ghvvh#juxsr1 frfklfkd# txh# É# qhfhvvÁulr/# hqwÃr# frphÇd# d#
fdplqkdu#hp#gluhÇÃr#dr#juxsr1
Sdqgrud=#Phx#Uhl111
Gduuho=# YrfÊv# shughudp# frpsohwdphqwh# r#
Gduuho=#R#txh#É/#sulqfhvdB frqwuroh1#HvwÃr#lqgr#orqjh#ghpdlv1

Sdqgrud=#MÁ#shqvrx#hp#vhu#sroÍwlfrB#Kdkd$ WxqjvwÊqlr=# YrfÊ# qÃr# hqwhqgh# rv# qrvvrv#


sodqrv/# dolÁv/# yrfÊ# É# xp# ghvhuwru1#Dedqgrqrx# r#
Gduuho=# Ydprv/# Ehp1# Ylvwd# orjr# lvvr# vhqÃr# qdylr1#Vdeh#r#ghvwlqr#gh#ghvhuwruhv/#qÃr#vdehB
srghprv#fkhjdu#wdugh#ghpdlv1
Prqwdqkd=# YrfÊv# hvwÃr# gr# odgr# huudgr# gr#
Hohv# vh# htxlsdp# frp# frohwhv# À# suryd# gh# fdpsr#djrud1
lpsdfwr111
WxqjvwÊqlr=# Lvvr# phvpr1# YrfÊv# wuÊv# ghhp# xp#
Sdqgrud=#Fdsdfhwh#wdpeÉpB mhlwr#qhohv1

Gduuho=#WdpeÉp/#Sdqgrud1#WdpeÉp111 Sdwlqkdv=# Qd# erd111# Dvvlp/# qd# prudo111# H# d#


fkhildB

Fdsdfhwhv# shtxhqrv1# Vsud|v# gh# slphqwd/# WxqjvwÊqlr=# Hx# yrx# yhu# vh# dlqgd# vreurx#
dupdv# gh# fkrtxh111# Sdud# frpsohwdu/# Gduuho# dojxpd# yldwxud# frp# srolfldlv# sud# dfdedu# frp#
vhjxud#d#pduuhwd/#txh#ghyh#whu#xqv#ylqwh#txlorv/# hohv1
h# vh# dsur{lpd# gh# Sdqgrud/# ehlmd# vhx# urvwr# h# d#
deudÇd#fdulqkrvdphqwh1 Prqwdqkd=# Ghl{d# gh# vhu# iuhvfr/# fgdv# srqwdvg$#
Ydprv/#É#udslglqkr$#QÃr#yhmr#d#krud#gh#d#jhqwh#
Gduuho=#Dpru/#fkhjdprv1 vh#olyudu#gh#yh}#ghvvh#sureohpd1#MÁ#ghx#qr#vdfr$
Sdqgrud# deuh# rv# rokrv# h# yÊ# r# suÉglr# gd#
ShuiZd|# ghvwuxÍgr1# Ghedl{r# gh# xp# shgdÇr# gh# Vhdprqnh|=# H# sru# txh# qÃr# ydl# wdpeÉp/#
frqfuhwr/# xp# eudÇr# h# vdqjxh# vh# hvsdokd1# Hod# WxqjvwÊqlrB
txdvh#shugh#r#iÔohjr#dr#shufhehu#hp#txh#srqwr#
r# juxsr# gh# Rolyhu# fkhjrx# h# frpr# Gduuho# srgh# WxqjvwÊqlr=# Sduhp# gh# uhfodpdu$# Vrx# hx# txhp#
hvwdu#fhuwr#vreuh#wxgr1 sdjd#r#vdoÁulr#gh#yrfÊv/#hvtxhfhudpB

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 55
FROXQD#—#F¡UOLVVRQ#JDOGLQR

Vhdprqnh|=# ©/# pdv# id}# whpsr# txh# V|vDwrp# WxqjvwÊqlr=# Kdkdkdkdkdkd$# SduduB$# Qdgd# qrv#
qÃr#É#xpd#hpsuhvd#h#qÃr#whp#oxfur1 iduÁ# sdudu# qrvvr# sodqr# gh# grplqdÇÃr# pxqgldo$#
Kdkdkdkdkd$
Prqwdqkd=# Fdod# d# erfd/# Ô# pxokhu$# Hoh# É# qrvvr#
fkhih/# h# surqwr$# Fkhihv# ilfdp# qd# uhwdjxdugd$# Gduuho=#©#r#txh#ydprv#yhu1
Qxqfd# mrjrx# [dguh}# qÃrB# Vh# yrfÊ# shugh# r# uhl/#
shugh#r#mrjr1

Vhdprqnh|=#H#txhp#É#fyrfÊg/#qhvvh#fdvrB

Sdwlqkdv=# Ghsrlv# d# jhqwh# uhvroyh# lvvr/# jdohud$#


Hohv#wÃr#ylqgr111
FDUOLVVRQ#JDOGLQR#É#Edfkduho#hp#
Gduuho=#YrfÊv#qÃr#yÃr#phvpr#sdudu#frp#lvvrB FlÊqfld#gd#FrpsxwdÇÃr#h#sÓv0judgxdgr#
hp#SurgxÇÃr#gh#Vriwzduh#frp#ªqidvh#hp#
Vriwzduh#Olyuh1#MÁ#pdqwhyh#surmhwrv#frpr#
Sdqgrud=#Ehp111#QÃr#hvwrx#jrvwdqgr#glvvr111 LdudMV/#HqflforsÉgld#Rphjd#h#Orvdqjr1#
Krmh#pdqwÉp#shtxhqrv#surmhwrv#hp#vhx#
eorj#F|dqhxv1#Phpeur#gd#Dfdghpld#
Gduuho=# Fdopd/# Sdqgrud1# Ydl# gdu# wxgr# fhuwr1# Hx# Dudsludtxhqvh#gh#Ohwudv#h#Duwhv/#É#dxwru#
hvwrx# dtxl1# Hvwhmd# surqwd# sud# xvdu# vhx# srghu# gr#Frugho#gr#Vriwzduh#Olyuh#h#gr#Frugho#
gr#EuRiilfh1
txdqgr111

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 56
FDSD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUN#VKXWWOHZRUWK

Hqwuhylvwd#frp
Pdun#Vkxwwohzruwk
Sru#Doh{dqguh#Erued#h#MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#Frvwd#MÚqlru#h#Nhpho#]dlgdq
WudgxÇÃr=#Nhpho#]dlgdq

Qhvwd# hglÇÃr# gh# rxwxeur# wlyhprv# d# rsruwxqlgdgh# gh#


frqyhuvdu# frp# r# Pdun# Vkxwwohzruwk/# txh# mxqwr# frp# xp# wl0
ph# uhvshlwÁyho/# É# uhvsrqvÁyho# shod# pdlv# srsxodu# glvwulexl0
ÇÃr#JQX2Olqx{#h{lvwhqwh#qr#phufdgr=#r#Xexqwx/#txh#sdud#
pxlwrv/# doÉp# gh# xpd# glvwulexlÇÃr# JQX2Olqx{/# É# wdpeÉp#
txdvh# xpd# ilorvrild# d# vhu# vhjxlgd1# Pdun# hvfoduhfh# dojxqv#
srqwrv# lqwhuhvvdqwhv# vreuh# r# Xexqwx/# d# Fdqrqlfdo/# r# phu0
fdgr# txh# ruelwd# hp# wruqr# gr# vriwzduh# olyuh/# sodqrv# sdud# r#
ixwxur/# frqwuryÉuvldv# qd# frpxqlgdgh/# hqwuh# rxwurv1# Frqilud#
lvwr#h#pxlwr#pdlv#qhvwd#hqwuhylvwd#h{foxvlyd1#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 57
FDSD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUN#VKXWWOHZRUWK

Uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh=# YrfÊ# uhfhqwhphqwh# Xpd# judqgh# pxgdqÇd# hvwÁ# rfruuhqgr# qd#
ghvlvwlx#gh#vxd#srvlÇÃr#frpr#FHR#gd#Fdqrql0 pdqhlud#frpr#r#Xexqwx#É#hqwuhjxh1#Gh#pdqhlud#
fdo/# r# txh# irl# frqvlghudgr# vxusuhhqghqwh# sdud# fuhvfhqwh/# xpd# pdlru# sduwh# grv# qryrv# xvxÁulrv#
pxlwdv#shvvrdv1#Txdlv#irudp#dv#ud}Õhv#sdud#lv0 hvwÃr# fkhjdqgr# dr# Xexqwx# dwudyÉv# gh# vlvwhpdv#
vr# h# txdo# É# d# vxd# srvlÇÃr# qd# Fdqrqlfdo# krmh# suÉ0lqvwdodgrv/#h#qÃr#lqvwdodqgr0r#sru#frqwd#suÓ0
hp#gldB# suld1# Txdqwr# pdlv# hpsuhvdv# frphÇduhp# d# xwlol0
Pdun# Vkxwwohzruwk=# ©# erp# id}hu# frlvdv# glih0 }du# r# Xexqwx# frpr# sduwh# ixqgdphqwdo# gh# vxdv#
uhqwhv# hp# prphqwrv# glihuhqwhv# gd# ylgd1# H# É# erp# rshudÇÕhv/# pdlv# d# Fdqrqlfdo# whuÁ# rsruwxqlgdgh#
sdud# d# hpsuhvd# whu# glihuhqwhv# wlsrv# gh# olghudqÇdv# gh#yhqghu#vxsruwh/#frqvxowruld#h#rxwurv#vhuylÇrv1#
hp# prphqwrv# glyhuvrv1# Shvvrdophqwh/# txhur# ir0
fdu# qr# qryr# wudedokr# gh# ghvljq# gh# ghvnwrs# txh# d# UHO=#H{lvwh#xp#vhqvr#frpxp#hqwuh#hp0
Fdqrqlfdo# hvwÁ# olghudqgr# dwudyÉv# gr# Xqlw|# h# hp# suhvdv# JQX2Olqx{# frphufldlv# txh# gl}# txh#
qrvvd#hvwudwÉjld#gh#surgxwr#sdud#frlvdv#frpr#frp0 yhuvÕhv#ghvnwrs#qÃr#vÃr#oxfudwlydv/#hp#rsr0
sxwdÇÃr# hp# qxyhp1# Sruwdqwr# phx# qryr# hpsuhjr# vlÇÃr# dv# yhuvÕhv# vhuyhu1# Rv# Úowlprv# odqÇd0
É# %surmhwr# h# hvwudwÉjld# gh# surgxwr%/# h# hx# r# dpr1# phqwrv# gr# Xexqwx# yÊp# prvwudqgr# xp#
Hx#wudedokr#frp#grlv#qryrv#wlphv#qd#Fdqrqlfdo#ir0 hviruÇr#fuhvfhqwh#sdud#wruqdu#d#yhuvÃr#ghvn0
fdgrv#qr#ghvljq#h#qd#hqjhqkduld#gr#Xqlw|#h/#gh#iru0 wrs# oxfudwlyd# dwudyÉv# gd# yhqgd# gh# vhuylÇrv#
pd# vhphokdqwh/# uhÚqr0ph# frp# shvvrdv# txh# vre# d# pdufd# XexqwxRqh# +vlqfurqld# gh# dutxl0
olghudp#qrvvr#wudedokr#hp#frpsxwdÇÃr#qd#qxyhp1# yrv/# yhqgd# gh# pÚvlfdv/# edfnxs# gh# djhqgd#
gh# whohirqhv/# hwf1,1# Hvwd# shufhsÇÃr# É# yhugd0
UHO=# D# Fdqrqlfdo/# É# xpd# hpsuhvd# pxlwr# ghludB# Hod# mÁ# hvwÁ# prvwudqgr# uhvxowdgrvB# D#
mryhp/#pdv#xpd#yh}#txh#d#Fdqrqlfdo#É#d#sulqfl0 yhuvÃr#ghvnwrs#mÁ#É#oxfudwlydB
sdo#sdwurflqdgrud#gr#Xexqwx/#vhx#vxfhvvr#É#do0 PV=# R# XexqwxRqh# vr}lqkr# qÃr# wruqd# r#
jr# pxlwr# lpsruwdqwh# sdud# r# fuhvflphqwr# ghvnwrs# oxfudwlyr/# pdv# dmxgd# h# qÓv# frqwlqxduh0
frqwÍqxr# gd# glvwulexlÇÃr1# Frpr# ydl# d# Fdqrql0 prv#d#dfuhvfhqwdu#vhuylÇrv#À#rihuwd1
fdo#dwxdophqwhB Hx# dfuhglwr# txh# r# ghvnwrs# É# lpsruwdqwh/#
PV=# RN/# reuljdgr1# Vrprv# xpd# hpsuhvd# mr0 vlp/#rv#prghorv#gh#qhjÓflrv#hp#wruqr#grv#vhuyl0
yhp/#pdv#frp#733#ixqflrqÁulrv/#hp#65#sdÍvhv/#lq0 gruhv# mÁ# hvwÃr# pdlv# hvwdehohflgrv/# pdv# hx# shq0
foxlqgr# r# Eudvlo1# Sruwdqwr# vrprv# pxlwr# vr# txh# r# pxqgr# gr# ghvnwrs# É# lpsruwdqwh# wdqwr#
joredol}dgrv/#r#txh#id}#frp#txh#sduhÇdprv#+h#do0 sdud#d#lghld#gh#Xexqwx#%Olqx{#sdud#vhuhv#kxpd0
jxpdv# yh}hv# txh# whqkdprv# d# vhqvdÇÃr,# gh# txh# qrv%# txdqwr# sdud# d# Fdqrqlfdo# hqtxdqwr# hpsuh0
vrprv# xpd# hpsuhvd# pxlwr# pdlru# gr# txh# vrprv# vd1# HqwÃr# qÓv# frqwlqxduhprv# d# lqyhvwlu# qhoh# 0#
qd#suÁwlfd1 dwÉ# pdlv# gr# txh# dqwhv# 0# frp# lqlfldwlydv# frpr# r#
Vrx#rwlplvwd#txdqwr#dr#survshfwr#gd#Fdqrql0 Xqlw|1#
fdo># hqtxdqwr# frqwlqxdprv# d# lqyhvwlu# qr# Xexqwx# h#
hp#qrvvrv#surgxwrv/#qÓv#djrud#whprv#glyhuvdv#irq0 UHO=#D#ormd#gh#pÚvlfdv#XexqwxRqh#yhq0
whv# gh# oxfur/# h# hvwrx# frqildqwh# gh# txh# hvwdv# luÃr# gh#dutxlyrv#qr#irupdwr#PS6/#r#txh#irl#fulwlfd0
frqwlqxdu#d#fuhvfhu#frp#r#Xexqwx1#QÓv#xvdprv#flq0 gr# sru# dojxpdv# shvvrdv# qd# Ésrfd# gr#
fr# dqrv# gd# qrvvd# h{lvwÊqfld# ghilqlqgr# r# Xexqwx/# odqÇdphqwr1# QÓv# vdehprv# txh# yhqghu# pxvl0
djrud# txh# hvwh# wlph# hvwÁ# hvwÁyho# h# ixqflrqdqgr# fd# dshqdv# hp# RJJ# qÃr# É# frphufldophqwh#
ehp/# hvwdprv# frqvwuxlqgr# wlphv# dglflrqdlv# irfd0 srvvÍyho/#pdv#qÃr#vhuld#srvvÍyho#whu#r#irupd0
grv# hp# vhuylÇrv# sdud# hpsuhvdv# txh# dgrwduhp# r# wr# RJJ# frpr# rsÇÃr# gh# grzqordg/# ghl{dqgr#
Xexqwx#h#xvxÁulrv#ilqdlv#txh#dvvlp#ghvhmduhp1 d#ghflvÃr#sdud#r#frqvxplgruB#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 58
FDSD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUN#VKXWWOHZRUWK

PV=# KÁ# dojxpd# yhugdgh# qd# dfxvdÇÃr=# qÓv#


rokdprv#hp#yrowd/#hqfrqwudprv#frlvdv#txh#dfuh0
glwdprv#txh#dv#shvvrdv#whqkdp#ihlwr#ehp#h#whq0
wdprv# surmhwdu# vroxÇÕhv# dlqgd# phokruhv1# Dv#
yh}hv/#dv#irqwhv#gh#lqvsludÇÃr#vÃr#fodudv/#dv#yh0
}hv#qÃr/#pdv#phvpr#txdqgr#hvwh#É#r#fdvr/#qÃr#
vh# wudwd# gh# xpd# fÓsld# sreuh# qr# Xexqwx1# R# Pdf#
frslrx#r#surmhwr#gd#[hur{#sdud#r#ghvhqkr#gh#md0
qhodv# h# Ífrqhv# h# r# Zlqgrzv# frslrx# lvwr$# ©# qru0
pdo# txh# qr# ghvljq# lqvsludu0vh# hp# dojr# h# hqwÃr#
lqyhqwdu#h#hyroxlu#À#sduwlu#glvwr1#Vh#yrfÊ#rokdu#sd0
ud#r#ghvnwrs#JQRPH/#rx#sdud#r#NGH/#vhuÁ#srv0
vÍyho# hqfrqwudu# hohphqwrv# gh# dperv# txh# vÃr#
vlploduhv#d#dvshfwrv#gr#Pdf#rx#gr#Zlqgrzv1
Iljxud#4=#R#uhfÉp0odqÇdgr#Xexqwx#43143
Qr# ilqdo# gr# gld/# dtxlor# txh# qrv# suhrfxsd0
prv#É#d#xvdelolgdgh#gr#uhvxowdgr#ilqdo1#QÓv#txh0
uhprv#r#ghvnwrs#pdlv#iÁflo#gh#xwlol}du/#srqwr1#Vh#
PV=# Lvwr# vhuld# Úwlo/# vlp1# Qhvwh# hvwÁjlr/# qÓv#
lvvr# hfrd# hp# lghldv# gh# rxwurv# ghvnwrsv/# wxgr#
ghshqghprv# gh# rxwud# hpsuhvd# txh# srvvxl# uhod0
ehp/# qÓv# dshqdv# txhuhprv# txh# hoh# vhmd# pdlv#
ÇÕhv# frp# rv# ghwhqwruhv# grv# gluhlwrv# gdv# pÚvl0
xwlol}Áyho#=0,#
fdv# h# duwlvwdv># h# hohv# vxsruwdp# dshqdv# r#
irupdwr# PS61# Qr# ixwxur/# hvshudprv# srghu# frq0 Srvvr#shqvdu#hp#glyhuvrv#srqwrv#rqgh#ir0
yhqfÊ0orv#d#vxsruwdu#irupdwrv#qÃr#uhvwulwlyrv1# prv# pdlv# orqjh/# h# fuhlr# hx/# phokru# gr# txh# r#
Pdf# RV1# Sru# h{hpsor# qrvvdv# qrwlilfdÇÕhv# vÃr#
pdlv# olpsdv/# pdlv# vlpsohv# h# pdlv# frqvlvwhqwhv1#
UHO=#Yhuhprv#dojxp#gld#xpd#ormd#gh#pÚ0 H# qrvvr# xvr# gr# sdlqho# srvvxl# glyhuvdv# lqryd0
vlfd# XexqwxRqh# eudvlohlud/# rqgh# shvvrdv# ÇÕhv#dflpd#gdv#gd#Dssoh=#qÓv#shuplwlprv#txh#gl0
qÃr#suhflvduÃr#gh#xp#fduwÃr#gh#fuÉglwr#lqwhu0 yhuvdv# dsolfdÇÕhv# xwlol}hp# r# phvpr# dssohw#
qdflrqdo#sdud#vhuhp#fdsd}hv#gh#frpsudu#pÚ0 %lqglfdgru# gh# hvwdgrv%/# r# txh# wruqd# r# sdlqho#
vlfdv# rx# dr# phqrv# d# rihuwd# gh# xp# frqwhÚgr# pdlv#olpsr#h#djudgÁyho1#Hvwdprv#qr#phlr#ghvwd#
pdlv# qdflrqdo# glvsrqÍyhoB# KÁ# sodqrv# qhvwh# uhlpsohphqwdÇÃr#djrud1#Hod#hvwduÁ#%vxshu#hqjh0
vhqwlgrB qkrvd%# sdud# r# 45137/# qrvvd# suÓ{lpd# yhuvÃr#
PV=#Vlp/#lvwr#id}#vhqwlgr#vh#krxyhu#ghpdq0 OWV1#
gd#vxilflhqwh#sdud#r#vhuylÇr1#QÓv#whprv#d#kdelol0
gdgh# gh# fuldu# ormdv# shuvrqdol}dgdv# sdud#
UHO=# Gxudqwh# r# shuÍrgr# gh# ghvhqyroyl0
phufdgrv#orfdlv#h#srghprv#dydoldu#fdgd#phufd0
phqwr# gr# Oxflg# O|q{/# krxyh# xpd# frqwuryÉu0
gr#vhsdudgdphqwh1#
vld#hp#txh#yrfÊ#diluprx#txh#r#Xexqwx#qÃr#É#
xpd# ghprfudfld# srutxh# wrgrv# srghp# hqyldu#
UHO=# YrfÊ# diluprx# srxfr# whpsr# dwuÁv# ihhgedfnv/# pdv# dshqdv# rv# wlphv# ghvljqdgrv#
txh# jrvwduld# txh# r# Xexqwx# wlyhvvh# r# phvpr# hvwÃr# qd# srvlÇÃr# gh# ghflglu1# Hqwuhwdqwr# wr0
qÍyho# gh# h{shulÊqfld# gr# xvxÁulr# txh# r# Pdf# grv# srghp# sduwlflsdu# ghvwhv# wlphv1# QÃr# É#
RV# [1# Pdv# dojxpdv# shvvrdv# whp# dilupdgr# h{dwdphqwh# ghvwd# irupd# txh# xpd# ghprfud0
txh# r# Xexqwx# yhp# frsldqgr# r# hvwlor# gr# Pdf# fld#ixqflrqdB#YrfÊ#qÃr#dfkd#txh#irl#xp#wdq0
RV#[1#Frpr#yrfÊ#uhvsrqgh#d#hvwdv#fuÍwlfdvB# wr#lpsuhflvr#qhvwd#rfdvlÃrB#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 59
FDSD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUN#VKXWWOHZRUWK

PV=#Hp#xpd#ghprfudfld/#txdotxhu#xp#sr0
gh#yrwdu#hp#dvvxqwrv#ixqgdphqwdlv1#Pdv#qÃr#fr0
orfdprv# wrgdv# dv# ghflvÕhv# gr# Xexqwx# sdud#
yrwr1#Sru#h{hpsor/#r#wlph#gh#vhuylgruhv#whp#txh#
wrpdu#ghflvÕhv#gliÍfhlv#vreuh#txdlv#surwrfrorv#h#
################Qr#ilqdo#gr#gld/#
lpsohphqwdÇÕhv# vxsruwdu# sru# sdguÃr1# Hohv# qÃr#
whp#txh#sursru#xpd#hohlÇÃr#sdud#txh#wrgrv#dsur0
dtxlor#txh#qrv#suhrfxsd0
yhp#d#ghflvÃr#ghohv>#hohv#vÃr#%h{shuwv%#hp#vhuyl0 prv#É#d#xvdelolgdgh#gr#
gruhv# ghvljqdgrv# sdud# lvvr1# Hohv# suhflvdp#
wrpdu#vxdv#suÓsuldv#ghflvÕhv1# uhvxowdgr#ilqdo1#QÓv#txh0
Vlp/# txdotxhu# xp# srgh# sduwlflsdu/# pdv# yr0
fÊ#whp#txh#frqtxlvwdu#d#vxd#srvlÇÃr#gh#olghudq0
uhprv#r#ghvnwrs#pdlv#iÁ0
Çd1# Whprv# pxlwdv# shvvrdv# txh# srvvxhp#
uhvsrqvdelolgdghv# txh# vÃr# hvvhqfldlv# sdud# r#
flo#gh#xwlol}du/#srqwr1#Vh#
Xexqwx/#pdv#qÃr#wudedokdp#sdud#d#Fdqrqlfdo1#Wr0 lvvr#hfrd#hp#lghldv#gh#
grv# hohv# vxujludp/# h{suhvvdudp# vhx# lqwhuhvvh#
hp# dojxpd# Áuhd/# uhdophqwh# ghprqvwududp# txh# rxwurv#ghvnwrsv/#wxgr#
srghp# id}hu# r# wudedokr# pxlwr# ehp# h# frpsruwd0
udp0vh#gh#xpd#pdqhlud#txh#É#dsursuldgd#dr#sur0 ehp/#qÓv#dshqdv#txhuh0
mhwr# Xexqwx/# h# ghprqvwududp# uhvsrqvdelolgdgh1#
Xpd# yh}# txh# ghprqvwududp# uhvsrqvdelolgdgh/# prv#txh#hoh#vhmd#pdlv#
srghp#wrpdu#ghflvÕhv#uÁslgd#h#hilflhqwhphqwh1#
xwlol}Áyho#=0,#
Lvvr# vljqlilfd# txh# r# Xexqwx# É# xp# erp# ox0
jdu# sdud# vh# yroxqwduldu# vh# yrfÊ# iru# lqwholjhqwh/# Pdun#Vkxwwohzruwk
surilvvlrqdo#h#txlvhu#txh#dv#frlvdv#vhmdp#uhdol}d0
gdv1#Vxdv#frqwulexlÇÕhv#vhuÃr#uhfrqkhflgdv/#yr0
fÊ# srghuÁ# olghudu# dv# sduwhv# frp# dv# txdlv# vh#
lpsruwd# h# qÃr# whuÁ# txh# uhvsrqghu# d# shvvrdv# gr# frqwurohv# gh# txdolgdgh/# dvvlp# frpr# djuxsdprv#
rxwur# odgr# gr# surmhwr# txh# qÃr# hvwÃr# d# sduwh# gd# ihhgedfn# gh# plokÕhv# gh# xvxÁulrv/# r# txh# frqwul0
yhorflgdgh# gd# vxd# Áuhd1# QÓv# qÃr# hvshudprv# exl# sdud# txh# r# JQRPH# phokruh1#D# pdlru# sduwh#
txh# wrgrv# vhmdp# %h{shuwv%# hp# wxgr/# ghl{dprv# grv#ghvhqyroyhgruhv#gr#JQRPH#suhrfxsdp0vh#
txh# rv# %h{shuwv%# idÇdp# dtxlor# txh# hohv# id}hp# frp# r# Xexqwx# h# uhfrqkhfhp# txh# r# Xexqwx# vh#
gh#phokru1# suhrfxsd# frp# hohv# wdpeÉp1# QÓv# wudedokdprv#
ehp#mxqwrv#txdqgr#txhuhprv#wudedokdu#mxqwrv1#

UHO=#H#txdo#d#vxd#srvlÇÃr#txdqwr#d#Fd0 Pdv#frpr#hp#txdotxhu#vlvwhpd#vrfldo#frp0
qrqlfdo#qÃr#frqwulexlu#frp#r#JQRPH#h#d#qh0 soh{r/# qhp# wrgr# pxqgr# txhu# wudedokdu# mxqwr# hp#
jdÇÃr#gr#Surmhwr#hp#dfhlwdu#dv#frqwulexlÇÕhv# wxgr1#Sruwdqwr#vlp/#krxyhudp#dojxpdv#rfdvlÕhv#
gd#FdqrqlfdoB rqgh# qÓv# hvwlyhprv# lqwhuhvvdgrv# hp# dojxpdv#
frlvdv/# irprv# hp# exvfd# h# jrvwduÍdprv# txh# r#
PV=#R#Xexqwx#É#xp#ghvnwrs#JQRPH#h#hv0 JQRPH# deudÇdvvh# dtxhod# lghld# dshqdv# sdud#
wdprv#pxlwr#rujxokrvrv#gh#dmxgdu#r#JQRPH#gh# whu# rxwudv# shvvrdv# txh# ylhvvhp# frp# glihuhqwhv#
pxlwdv#pdqhludv1#QÓv#frqwulexÍprv#frp#r#JQR0 derugdjhqv#h#whqwdvvhp#id}hu#frp#txh#r#JQR0
PH# gluhwdphqwh/# ilqdqfhludphqwh1# QÓv# wdpeÉp# PH#dgrwdvvh#dtxlor1#Hx#dfkr#txh#xp#wdqwr#glvwr#
id}hprv# xpd# txdqwlgdgh# hqruph# gh# whvwhv# h# É# qrupdo1# Xp# srxfr# glvwr# É# dshqdv# frpshwlÇÃr#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 5:
FDSD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUN#VKXWWOHZRUWK

erp#sdud#r#Gheldq#h#hvwrx#frqwhqwh#sru#hvwdu#lq0
whuhvvdgr#hp#frpr#phokrudu#dv#uhodÇÕhv#h#r#wud0
edokr1# Frpr# hp# wrgdv# dv# frlvdv/# vh# yrfÊ# txhu#
phokrudu# d# uhodÇÃr/# É# suhflvr# txh# shvvrdv# gh#
##############R#Xexqwx#É#xp# dperv# rv# odgrv# hvwhmdp# glvsrvwdv# d# wudedokdu# h#
ghvnwrs#JQRPH#h# shqvr#txh#hoh#qÃr#whp#phgr#gh#shglu#À#frpxql0
gdgh# Gheldq# txh# wudedokh# xpd# yh}# txh# lvvr# luÁ#
hvwdprv#pxlwr# ehqhilfldu#r#Gheldq#qr#ilqdo#gdv#frqwdv1
D#sulqfÍslr/#fuhlr#txh#r#uhodflrqdphqwr#hq0
rujxokrvrv#gh#dmxgdu#r# wuh# Xexqwx# h# Gheldq# hvwÁ# phokru# djrud# gr# txh#
qxqfd1#Hp#sduwh/#srutxh#kÁ#djrud#pxlwrv#ghvhq0
JQRPH#gh#pxlwdv# yroyhgruhv#gr#Gheldq#txh#sdvvdudp#d#vhu#xvxÁ0
pdqhludv1#QÓv# ulrv# gr# Xexqwx/# frqwlqxdp# frpr# xvxÁulrv# gr#
Xexqwx# h# wdpeÉp# frqwulexhp# frp# r# Xexqwx1#
frqwulexÍprv#frp#r# Ghvwd#irupd/#hvwÁ#ilfdqgr#pdlv#Óeylr#txh#Xexq0
wx#h#Gheldq#qÃr#frpshwhp1#Qrvvr#vxfhvvr#qÃr#
JQRPH#gluhwdphqwh/# É#r#iudfdvvr#gr#Gheldq/#hoh#hvwÁ#wruqdqgr#r#Gh0
eldq#pdlv#uhohydqwh#h#ydolrvr1#
ilqdqfhludphqwh1 #
Pdun#Vkxwwohzruwk UHO=#R#txh#srghprv#hvshudu#grv#suÓ{l0
prv# odqÇdphqwrv# gr# Xexqwx# h# txdlv# vÃr# rv#
sodqrv#sdud#dv#yhuvÕhv#txh#hvwÃr#sru#yluB
PV=# Xp# sdvvr# gh# fdgd# yh}$# Qrv# uhxqluh0
hqwuh# glihuhqwhv# hpsuhvdv# txh# sduwlflsdp# gr# prv# sdud# qrvvr# hqfrqwur# vhphvwudo# gh# ghvhq0
phvpr#surmhwr1#Qr#ilp#gdv#frqwdv/#hx#dfkr#txh# yroyhgruhv# gh# 58# d# 5<# gh# Rxwxeur# hp# Ruodqgr/#
r#JQRPH#whp#d#vruwh#gh#frqwdu#frp#hpsuhvdv# IoÓulgd1# Ghsrlv# glvvr/# vdehuhprv# r# txh# yluÁ# qr#
frpr# d# Fdqrqlfdo# sduwlflsdqgr# h# hvwlpxodqgr# d# 44137# frp# dojxpd# fhuwh}d1# DwÉ# oÁ/# ydprv# fhoh0
uhioh{Ãr#frqwÍqxd/#h#vh#lvvr#qÃr#É#dsuhfldgr#xql0 eudu#r#Xexqwx#43143#txh#irl#odqÇdgr#rqwhp$#
yhuvdophqwh/# hqwÃr# É# xpd# shqd/# pdv# qÃr# É# r#
ilp#gr#pxqgr1#
UHO=# D# Fdqrqlfdo# yÊ# r# Fkurph# RV# fr0
pr#xpd#dphdÇd#dr#XexqwxB
UHO=# Qr# Úowlpr# XGV# +Hqfrqwur# grv# Gh0 PV=# Vlp# h# qÃr1# Sru# xp# odgr/# vh# r# pxqgr#
vhqyroyhgruhv# Xexqwx/# hp# lqjoÊv,/# irl# d# sul0 lqwhlur# dgrwdu# r# Fkurph# RV/# hqwÃr# qÃr# kdyhuÁ#
phlud# yh}# txh# r# suhvlghqwh# gr# Gheldq# pdlv#ixwxur#sdud#r#ghvnwrs#h#r#Xexqwx#ghvdsduh0
+Vwhidqr# ]dffklurol,# hvwhyh# suhvhqwh1# Frpr# É# fhuÁ1#Sru#rxwur#odgr/#É#idqwÁvwlfr#txh#d#iruÇd#gr#
r# uhodflrqdphqwr# hqwuh# r# Gheldq# h# r# Xexq0 Jrrjoh# hvwhmd# sru# wuÁv# gh# xp# eurzvhu# sdud# Ol0
wxB#Hvwd#sduwlflsdÇÃr#mÁ#uhqghx#dojxp#iuxwrB qx{# txh# srghprv# lqwhjudu# dr# Xexqwx# wdpeÉp1#
PV=#Irl#Ówlpr#uhfhehu#Vwhidqr#qr#XGV#hp# Sruwdqwr#suhflvdprv#frpshwlu>#sduwh#gd#frpshwl0
Eux{hodv/#hoh#irl#r#sulphlur#GSO#+OÍghu#gr#Surmh0 ÇÃr# É# h{lvwhqfldo# h# sduwh# É# sxhulo1# QÓv# srghprv#
wr#Gheldq/#hp#lqjoÊv,#d#dfhlwdu#r#frqylwh#sdud#sdu0 froderudu# hp# pxlwrv# srqwrv1# Shvdqgr# wxgr/# hv0
wlflsdu/# txh# hx# srvvd# ph# uhfrugdu/# dshvdu# gh# wrx# pxlwr# ihol}# txh# r# Jrrjoh# hvwhmd# ohydqgr# r#
vhpsuh# frqylgduprv# hohv$# Hoh# É# xp# oÍghu# pxlwr# Fkurph#RV#À#iuhqwh1#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 5;
FDSD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUN#VKXWWOHZRUWK

UHO=#Frp#wxgr#frqyhujlqgr#sdud#r#phu0
fdgr# pÓyho/# d# Fdqrqlfdo# whp# dojxp# wlsr# gh#
surmhwr#sdud#xp#Xexqwx#PrelohB
PV=#QÃr/#qÃr#dwxdophqwh1#

UHO=# Vwdoopdq/# xpd# gdv# pdlv# uhvshlwd0


gdv#shuvrqdolgdghv#gr#vriwzduh#olyuh/#id}#gx0
udv# fuÍwlfdv# dr# Xexqwx# gl}hqgr# txh# hoh# qÃr#
srgh# vhu# frqvlghudgr# xp# vlvwhpd# rshudflr0
qdo#%olyuh%1#R#txh#yrfÊ#srgh#gl}hu#txdqwr#d#lv0
vrB#
PV=#Ulfkdug#É#xp#oÍghu#gr#vriwzduh#olyuh/#h#
frqvlghur# txh# wrgdv# dv# lghldv# ghoh# vÃr# lqwhuhv0
vdqwhv1#Hx#fuhlr#txh#É#lpsruwdqwh#srvvxlu#lghdlv#
h#irfdu#qd#frpsohwxgh#ghohv1#Pdv#wdpeÉp#É#lp0
sruwdqwh# djlu# gh# dfrugr# frp# dtxlor# txh# vh# srv0
vxl# h# surjuhglu# d# sduwlu# grv# olplwhv# gr# txh# É#
srvvÍyho1# Qr# Xexqwx/# vh# suhflvduprv# lqfoxlu# gul0
yhuv#sursulhwÁulrv#sdud#id}huprv#r#zlil#ixqflrqdu/#
Iljxud#5=#Surfhvvr#gh#lqvwdodÇÃr#gh#gulyhu#gh#whufhlurv
iduhprv#lvvr#srutxh##qÃr#dfkdprv#txh#r#xvxÁ0
ulr#ghyd#vhu#shqdol}dgr#shod#hvwxslgh}#gr#iruqh0
fhgru# gr# kdugzduh1# Pdv# qÃr# lqfoxÍprv# r# Iodvk#
sru# sdguÃr# srutxh# hoh# qÃr# É# olyuh1#Wruqdprv# iÁ0 Sruwdqwr/#qr#ilp#gdv#frqwdv/#dfkr#vhx#srq0
flo/#fdvr#yrfÊ#txhlud/#shjÁ0or#h#lqvwdoÁ0or1# wr# gh# ylvwd# lpsruwdqwh# gh# vhu# h{suhvvr# srutxh#
froderud# hp# dsrqwdu# r# fdplqkr# sdud# xp# ixwxur#
Hvwdv# vÃr# olqkdv# wÊqxhv/# txhvwÕhv# gholfd0
phokru/# h# shqvr# txh# d# derugdjhp# gr# Xexqwx#
gdv#h#hvfrokdv#wudlÇrhludv1#Pdv#qÓv#id}hprv#dv#
wdpeÉp# vhmd# lpsruwdqwh# gh# vhu# ghihqglgd/# sru0
qrvvdv#hvfrokdv#h#qrv#pdqwhprv#iluphv#d#hodv/#
txh# wruqd# r# idvflqdqwh# xqlyhuvr# gh# xpd# gÉfdgd#
dfuhglwdqgr# txh# hodv# vÃr# wÃr# ydolgdv# txdqwr# dv#
rx#pdlv#gh#vriwzduh#olyuh#uhohydqwh#h#Úwlo#sdud##ol0
gh# Ulfkdug1# Hp# xp# pxqgr# lghdo/# hx# srghuld#
whudophqwh# plokÕhv# gh# shvvrdv1# Hx# qÃr# gluld#
xvdu#xp#vlvwhpd#txh#qÃr#srvvxl#qdgd#sursulhwÁ0
txh# r# Ulfkdug# É# exuur# rx# wror# sru# vhx# srqwr# gh#
ulr=# vhp# ilupzduhv# rx# plfurfÓgljrv# gh# FSX# rx#
ylvwd1#Whqkr#fhuwh}d#gh#txh#hoh#shqvd#r#phvpr#
ELRV#txh#hx#qÃr#sxghvvh#phokruÁ0orv#h#frpsdu0
vreuh#r#Xexqwx1#
wlokÁ0orv1# QÓv# qÃr# ylyhprv# qhvwh# pxqgr# krmh/# h#
r# Xexqwx# hvwÁ# frpsurphwlgr# frp# plokÕhv# gh#
shvvrdv# txh# dqwhulruphqwh# qÃr# kdyldp# fkhjd0 UHO=# Pdggrj# dqxqflrx# txh# pxgrx# gr#
gr# shuwr# gh# QHQKXP# vriwzduh# olyuh/# wruqduhp0 Xexqwx/#txh#hoh#xvdyd#d#6#dqrv/#sdud#r#Ihgr0
vh#frqildqwhv#gh#txh#hoh#srgh#vhu#xwlol}dgr#krmh1 ud1#Lvvr#lqfrprgd#gh#dojxpd#irupdB#
D# ylvÃr# gh# Ulfkdug# gh# txh# %lw*v# qrw# zruwk# PV=# Pdggrj# glvvh# pxlwr# fodudphqwh# txh#
wrxfklqj# li# lw*v# hyhq# voljkwo|# wdlqwhg%# +qÃr# ydoh# d# hoh# pxgrx# srutxh# frphÇrx# d# wudedokdu# sdud# d#
shqd#wrfdu#vh#hvwlyhu#pdqfkdgr,#qÃr#dmxgduÁ#hv0 Uhg#Kdw#h#dfkrx#+dsursuldgdphqwh,#txh#hud#lp0
whv#plokÕhv#gh#shvvrdv1#Pdv#vxd#ylvÃr#-luÁ-#hp# sruwdqwh# xwlol}du# rv# surgxwrv# txh# yrfÊ# hpedufd1#
Úowlpd#dqÁolvh#prwlydu#rv#pdlv#lqwholjhqwhv#d#lpd0 Hx# frqfrugr# wrwdophqwh# frp# d# srvlÇÃr# ghoh$#
jlqdu#frpr#dofdqÇdu#hvwh#pxqgr#lghdo1# QÃr# ph# vhqwl# rihqglgr# gh# pdqhlud# dojxpd# shor#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 5<
FDSD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUN#VKXWWOHZRUWK

eorj#ghoh1#Whqgr#xwlol}dgr#wdqwr#r#Xexqwx#txdqwr# irupd# pxlwr# pdlv# frqwxqghqwh# sdud# vxsulplu# d#


r# Ihgrud/# r# frorfduÁ# hp# xpd# srvlÇÃr# erd# sdud# lqrydÇÃr1# H# whprv# txh# duwlfxodu# d# lpsruwÂqfld#
dmxgdu#dperv#d#hyroxÍuhp1# gdv# olfhqÇdv# gh# fÓgljr# dehuwr/# txh# vÃr# xp# sr0
whqwh# fuldgru# gh# ydoru# hfrqÔplfr# sdud# d# pdlruld#
grv# sdÍvhv1# Txdqgr# hohv# shufhehuhp# lvvr/# luÃr#
UHO=#Krmh/#wrgr#pxqgr#hvwÁ#idodqgr#vr0 frphÇdu#d#fuldu#sroÍwlfdv#txh#vÃr#pxlwr#pdlv#hih0
euh# frpsxwdÇÃr# hp# qxyhp# h# txh# hod# luÁ# px0 wlydv#hp#ghihqghu#r#fÓgljr#dehuwr#ghvwh#wlsr#gh#
gdu#d#irupd#frpr#shvvrdv#h#hpsuhvdv#xvdp# dwdtxhv# txh# d# Rudfoh# h# rxwurv# hvwÃr# xvdqgr1#
frpsxwdgruhv1# D# Fdqrqlfdo# whp# vhjxlgr# hv0 FÓgljr#Dehuwr#É#xpd#qryd#pdqhlud#gh#frqvwuxlu#
wd# whqgÊqfld# frp# r# XexqwxRqh1# YrfÊ# whp# do0 lqiudhvwuxwxud1# ©# sduwh# gd# uhyroxÇÃr# gd# Lqwhuqhw#
jxp#rxwur#surmhwr#gh#frpsxwdÇÃr#hp#qxyhp# srutxh#vÓ#vh#É#srvvÍyho#xwlol}du#wÉfqlfdv#gh#fÓgl0
txh#vhmd#pdlv#djuhvvlyrB jr#dehuwr#fdvr#yrfÊ#srvvd#froderudu#joredophq0
PV=# Vlp/# whprv# dojxqv# surmhwrv# sdud# dmx0 wh1# Suhflvdprv# gh# qrydv# sroÍwlfdv# txh# dv#
gdu#dv#shvvrdv#d#xwlol}duhp#r#Xexqwx#qd#qxyhp# uhfrqkhÇdp#h#dv#dsrlhp1
hodv# phvpdv1# Sru# h{hpsor/# qÓv# wudedokdprv# d# Vhpsuh# txh# xpd# lqgÚvwuld# hvwÁ# vh# dowhudq0
fdgd#flfor#sdud#whu#fhuwh}d#gh#txh#r#Xexqwx#É#iÁ0 gr/# rv# lqglyÍgxrv# h# hpsuhvdv# txh# irudp# pdlv#
flo#gh#vhu#xvdgr#qr#Udfnvsdfh#h#qr#HF5/#dv#gx0 ehp# vxfhglgrv# qr# sdvvdgr# luÃr# whqwdu# uhwdugdu#
dv#pdlruhv#qxyhqv1# dv# pxgdqÇdv1# Vh# yrfÊ# txlvhu# vdehu# frpr# pro0
gdu#dv#ohlv/#suhflvd#shqvdu#qr#txh#vhuÁ#vxfhvvr#
qr# ixwxur/# qÃr# qr# txh# irl# ehp# vxfhglgr# qr# sdv0
UHO=# Pxlwdv# shvvrdv# whp# ylvwr# r# uhfhq0
vdgr1#
wh# hslvÓglr# Jrrjoh# [# Rudfoh# frpr# dojr# shul0
jrvr#sdud#r#vriwzduh#olyuh1#R#txh#yrfÊ#whp#d#
gl}hu#vreuh#lvvrB# UHO=# Uhfhqwhphqwh/# d# Uhg# Kdw# irl# hvwl0
PV=#KÁ#shuljr#dÍ/#vlp1#Pdv#suhflvdprv#hq0 pdgd# frpr# d# sulphlud# hpsuhvd# rshq# vrxufh#
iuhqwdu# r# shuljr/# qÃr# dshqdv# shglu# sdud# txh# hoh# d#dwlqjlu#4#elokÃr#gh#gÓoduhv#gh#ydoru#gh#phu0
yÁ# hperud1# Whprv# txh# frqyhqfhu# oÍghuhv# sroÍwl0 fdgr1#Dr#phvpr#whpsr/#Qryhoo#h#Pdqgulyd#ir0
frv# txh# sdwhqwhv# qÃr# vÃr# xp# phlr# gh# dvvhjx0 udp# sdud# r# odgr# rsrvwr# h# wlyhudp# txh# vhu#
udu#lqrydÇÃr/#pdv#gh#txh#hodv#vÃr#xwlol}dgdv#gh# yhqglgdv# sdud# qÃr# idoluhp1# Frpr# d# Fdqrql0
fdo#hq{hujd#hvwhv#hslvÓglrv#uhfhqwhv#h#txdlv#
vÃr# rv# sodqrv# sdud# qÃr# vhjxlu# r# phvpr# fd0
plqkr#txh#d#Pdqgulyd#rx#d#QryhooB
PV=# D# Uhg# Kdw# phuhfh# pxlwr# fuÉglwr# sru#
whu# wud}lgr# r# Olqx{# sdud# r# %pdlqvwuhdp%1# R# phu0
fdgr# gh# vriwzduh# frusrudwlyr# qÃr# exvfd# htxloÍ0
eulr/# hoh# exvfd# yhqfhgruhv/# h# d# Uhg# Kdw# irl# d#
yhqfhgrud#ghvwh#urxqg1#Vh#d#Fdqrqlfdo#txhu#vhu#
ehp#vxfhglgd/#whuhprv#txh#irfdu#hp#xpd#deru0
gdjhp#glihuhqwh/#rx#phufdgrv#glihuhqwhv1#Lvvr#É#
fhuwr/# kÁ# pxlwr# hvsdÇr# wdqwr# sdud# d# Uhg# Kdw#
txdqwr#sdud#d#Fdqrqlfdo#qr#pxqgr1

Iljxud#6=#R#vhuylÇr#XexqwxRqh

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 63
FDSD#—#GHYR#DWXDOL]DU#SDUD#D#ºOWLPD#YHUV£R#GR#XEXQWXB

Devo at ualizar para a últ ima


versão do

Sru#DqguÉ#Jrqglp

Vdlx#xpd#yhuvÃr#qryd#gr#Xexqwx#fkhld#gh#
qrylgdghv/# dwxdol}dÇÕhv# h# pxlwd# jhqwh# edl{d/#
lqvwdod/#pdv#vhuÁ#txh#É#d#krud#fhuwdB
Fdopd/# dqwhv# txh# gljdp# txh# hx# hvwrx#
idodqgr# sdud# qÃr# dwxdol}du# h# xvdu# d# Úowlpd#
yhuvÃr/# xpd# shtxhqd# uhioh{Ãr1# VhuÁ# txh# yrfÊ#
suhflvd# edl{du2lqvwdodu2dwxdol}du# sdud# d# Úowlpd#
yhuvÃrB
Wxgr# ehp# txh# d# fdgd# qryd# yhuvÃr#
dxphqwd# r# qÚphur# gh# sodfdv# h# gulyhuv#
frpsdwlelol}dgrv# frp# r# vlvwhpd/# lvvr# vh# ghyh# d#
exvfd# gh# xvdu# [rujv# h# Nhuqho# pdlv# qryrv1# H#
pdlv#xpd#yh}#txhvwlrqr/#vhuÁ#txh#yrfÊ#suhflvdB
Ydoh# ohpeudu# txh# h{lvwhp# krmh# 9# Xexqwx#
dwlyrv1# VÃr# hohv=# 9139# Gdsshu# Gudnh# OWV/# ;137#
Kdug|# Khurq# OWV/# <137# Mdxqw|# Mdnfdorsh/# <143#
Nduplf# Nrdod/# 43137# Oxflg# O|q{# OWV# h# Xexqwx#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 64
FDSD#—#GHYR#DWXDOL]DU#SDUD#D#ºOWLPD#YHUV£R#GR#XEXQWXB

43143# Pdyhulfn# Phhundw1# Lvvr# dfrqwhfh# mÁ# txh# txhludp# xvdu# fdgd# qryd# yhuvÃr# uhfÉp# odqÇdgd>#
qr# Xexqwx# h{lwhp# grlv# wlsrv# gh# yhuvÃr1# D# pdv#hp#xpd#pÁtxlqd#gh#surgxÇÃr#qÃr#vh#ghyh#
fkdpdgd# yhuvÃr# qrupdo# txh# whp# 4;# phvhv# gh# id}hu#lvvr1#
vxsruwh# h# d# yhuvÃr# OWV# txh# whp# vxsruwh# hp# R#txh#dfrqwhfhuld#hp#xpd#vriwzduh#krxvh#
Ghvnwrs#gh#6#dqrv#h#qr#vhuylgru#gh#8#dqrv1#Hp# vh# txdotxhu# idvh# gh# xp# surmhwr# wlyhvvh# txh#
5344#dfdeduÁ#r#vxsruwh#d#yhuvÃr#Vhuyhu#gr#9139# sdudu# srutxh# krxyh# xpd# txheud# gh# vlvwhpd/#
h# d# dwxdol}dÇÃr# vhuÁ# sdud# d# 431371# R# phvpr# srlv# djrud# r# frpslodgru# pxgrx# h# qÃr# É#
rfruuhuÁ#sdud#txhp#xvd#d#yhuvÃr#Ghvnwrs#;1371# frpsdwÍyho# frp# r# dqwhulruB# Rx# txh# kÁ# xpd#
Sdud# txh# lvvrB# Xpd# hpsuhvd# txh# txhlud# %txheud%# qr# [ruj# qryr# txh# qÃr# shuplwh# r# xvr#
dgrwdu#frpr#vlvwhpd#rshudflrqdo/#ghyh#ohydu#hp# gd# pÁtxlqdB# Lvvr# qÃr# ghyh# dfrqwhfhu# hp#
frqwd# r# shuÍrgr# gh# flfor1# Qr# Xexqwx# É# gh# vhlv# yhuvÕhv#OWV/#srlv#qÃr#vÃr#frpxqv#dwxdol}dÇÕhv#
phvhv/# pdv# lvvr# hp# xp# sdutxh# frpsxwdflrqdo# txh#fdxvhp#%txheud%#gr#vlvwhpd1#+Qrwd=#txheud#
É# pxlwr# wudedokrvr# pdqwhu/# hqwÃr# vh# kÁ# xpd# gr# vlvwhpd/# pdlv# frpxphqwh# frqkhflgr# sru#
yhuvÃr# frp# xp# vxsruwh# pdlru/# É# r# lghdo1# Dv# fudvk,1
yhuvÕhv# qrupdlv# ghyhp# vhu# lqglfdgdv# sdud# xvr# Sru# rxwur# odgr/# vh# yrfÊ# whp# whpsr/#
grpÉvwlfr# gh# shvvrdv# txh# txhludp# whvwdu/# glvsrvlÇÃr# h# fÓsld# gh# vhjxudqÇd# grv# vhxv#
gdgrv# h# txlvhu# whvwdu/# vhpsuh# ydoh# d# shqd# xpd#
yhuvÃr# frp# dv# frlvdv# pdlv# qrydv/# vh# lvvr# qÃr#
dihwdu#r#vhx#ghvhpshqkr#h#fodur/#vhpsuh#whqkd#
#######Sru#rxwur#odgr/# xpd# fÓsld# gd# yhuvÃr# OWV# sdud# xpd# srvvÍyho#
uhlqvwdodÇÃr1
vh#yrfÊ#whp#whpsr/# FrqfoxvÃr=# vhmd# olyuh/# vdled# frpr# xvdu# h#
vhmd#uhvsrqvÁyho#shodv#vxdv#hvfrokdv1#>,
glvsrvlÇÃr#h#fÓsld#gh#
vhjxudqÇd#grv#vhxv
gdgrv#h#txlvhu#whvwdu/#
vhpsuh#ydoh#d#shqd#xpd#
yhuvÃr#frp#dv#frlvdv DQGU©#JRQGLP#id}#sduwh#gd#frpxqlgdgh#
Xexqwx#Eudvlo1#Lqlflrx#shod#sduwh#gh#wudgxÇÃr#
pdlv#qrydv1 rqgh#krmh#É#oÍghu#ghvgh#r#ILVO#431#MÁ#
frqwulexlx#frp#grfxphqwdÇÃr/#vxsruwh#
+rqgh#yh}#sru#rxwud#dlqgd#frqwulexl#vhmd#frp#
srvw/#vhmd#qd#olvwd#gh#xvxÁulrv#gr#Xexqwx,1#
DqguÉ#Jrqglp
Xexqwx#Phpehu#ghvgh#533:1#Hohlwr#phpeur#
gr#Frqvhokr#Xexqwx#Eudvlo#hp#Djrvwr#gh#
533<1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 65
FDSD#—#©#43$

frpprqv1zlnlphgld1ruj
©#43$
Sru#Urehuwr#Vdorprq

Qr# Úowlpr# gld# 43# gh# rxwxeur# d# Fdqrqlfdo#


odqÇrx# r# Xexqwx# 431431# VÓ# idowrx# vhu# Àv# 43=43#
gd# pdqkÃ1# Hvwd# frlqflgÊqfld# gh# 43# srgh# qÃr#
txhuhu# gl}hu# qdgd/# pdv# É# xpd# erd# ghvfxosd#
sdud#frphÇdu#xp#wh{wr1
FuÍwlfdv# h# ghihvdv# À# sduwh/# r# Xexqwx# ih}#
pdlv# shod# pdvvlilfdÇÃr# gr# JQX2Olqx{# txh#
txdotxhu# rxwud# glvwulexlÇÃr1# Sru# idyru/# qÃr# ph#
mrjxhp# shgudv# dlqgd1# Xpd# glvwulexlÇÃr# yrowdgd#
sdud# %vhuhv# kxpdqrv%# txh# vh# suhrfxsrx# hp#
wrpdu# dv# ghflvÕhv# shor# xvxÁulr1# Dfkr# txh# É# dÍ#
txh# hvwÁ# d# pdlru# eurqfd# gh# pxlwrv# frp# hvwd#
vlpsÁwlfd# glvwulexlÇÃr1# Dr# wrpdu# ghflvÕhv# shor#
xvxÁulr/# d# Fdqrqlfdo/# sduhfh# olplwdu# d# vxd#
olehugdgh# lqvwdodqgr# frpsrqhqwhv# qÃr# olyuhv# h#
ghl{dqgr# gh# lqvwdodu# rxwurv# txh# vhpsuh# il}hudp#
sduwh#grv#ghvnwrsv#gh#pxlwrv1
Dr# vlpsolilfdu# r# surfhvvr# gh# hvfrokd# gh#
dsolfdÇÕhv/# d# Fdqrqlfdo# ih}# r# txh# qhqkxpd#
rxwud# glvwulexlÇÃr# ih}# dwÉ# hqwÃr=# dwhqghu# dr#
xvxÁulr# qrydwr=# dtxhoh# q33e# phvpr# txh# qxqfd#
xvrx# h# txh/# vh# qÃr# irvvh# shor# Xexqwx/# qxqfd#
xvduld# xp# frpsxwdgru# frp# Olqx{# lqvwdodgr1#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 66
FDSD#—#©#43$

dtxhod# fÂphud# xve# ihlwd# qd# Fklqd# sru# xpd#


hpsuhvd# qruwh0dphulfdqd# txh# qlqjxÉp# mdpdlv#
######R#Xexqwx# rxylx#idodu#dqwhv,1
Xp#sÚeolfr#txh/#dwÉ#d#fkhjdgd#gr#Xexqwx/#
frqvhjxlx#gdu#xp#srqwr# qÃr#dfuhglwdyd#vhu#srvvÍyho#sdud#xp#%qÃr#jhhn%/#
gh#hqwudgdv#vlpsohv#h# xp# vhu# kxpdqr# qÃr# lqlfldgr# qdv# duwhv# rfxowdv#
gr# nhuqho# rx# gr# jff/# xvdu# xp# ghvnwrs# Olqx{1#
frpsuhhqvÍyho#sdud#pxlwrv# Lqvwdodu#xp#hqwÃrB#Qhp#shqvdu1
MÁ# rxyl# hp# dojxqv# fÍufxorv# txh# r# Xexqwx#
txh#vh#dvvxqvwdp/#vhp# ih}# erqv# hvwudjrv# qr# wudedokr# txh# wlqkdprv#
sdud# glyxojdu# rv# frqfhlwrv# h# rv# sulqfÍslrv# gr#
hqwhqghu/#txdqgr#idodprv/# Vriwzduh# Olyuh1# Vlqfhudphqwh/# dfkr# r# frqwuÁulr1#
dsdl{rqdgdphqwh/# R# Xexqwx# frqvhjxlx# gdu# xp# srqwr# gh# hqwudgd#
vlpsohv# h# frpsuhhqvÍyho# sdud# pxlwrv# txh# vh#
gh#olehugdgh/#gh# dvvxvwdp/# vhp# hqwhqghu/# txdqgr# idodprv/#
dsdl{rqdgdphqwh/# gh# olehugdgh/# gh# qhxwudolgdgh#
qhxwudolgdgh#gd#uhgh#h#gh# gd# uhgh# h# gh# rxwurv# frqfhlwrv# lpsruwdqwhv# pdv/#
dr# phvpr# whpsr# hvwudqkrv# sdud# d# pdlruld# grv#
rxwurv#frqfhlwrv# 58(# gd# srsxodÇÃr# eudvlohlud# txh# wÊp# dfhvvr# À#
Lqwhuqhw1
lpsruwdqwhv111 Sdud# hvwhv/# r# Xexqwx# yhlr/# ylx# h/# dwÉ#
Urehuwr#Vdorprq djrud/# yhqfhx1# H# frphÇd# gh# qryr# d# ghvshuwdu#
sroÊplfdv# frpr# qrydv# lqwhuidfhv# txh# qrv#
fdxvdp# hvwudqkh}dv# h# ghvfrqildqÇdv1# DojxÉp#
dfrvwxpdgr# frp# r# Jqrph/# vlqfhudphqwh# h# gr#
Txdqwrv# grv# ohlwruhv# txh# mÁ# lqvwdodudp# dojxpd# ixqgr# gr# frudÇÃr/# srgh# gl}hu# txh# jrvwrx# gd#
yhuvÃr# gh# JQX2Olqx{# qrv# frpsxwdgruhv# gh# qryd# lqwhuidfh# gr# XQHB# Srlv/# sdud# plqkd#
idplolduhv#rx#gh#dpljrv#rx#qdtxhodv#lqvwdoo#ihvwv# judqgh# vxusuhvd/# txdqgr# prvwuhl# hvwd# phvpd#
ilfdudp# shujxqwdqgr# drv# ixwxurv# xvxÁulrv# txdlv# lqwhuidfh# sdud# plqkd# qrud# pdlv# yhokd/# ixwxud#
rv# sdfrwhv# txh# hohv# jrvwduldp# gh# whu# lqvwdodgrv# svlfÓorjd/# hod# vÓ# ih}# revhuydÇÕhv# srvlwlydv/#
qdv#vxdv#pÁtxlqdvB#Frqihvvr#txh/#dvvlp#frpr# frqvlghudqgr0d/# lqfoxvlyh/# glgÁwlfd# h# pdlv#
d# pdlruld# grv# qhugv/# vhpsuh# txh# il}# xpd# vlpsohv#txh#d#dqwhulru1
lqvwdodÇÃr#gh#txdotxhu#glvwulexlÇÃr#sdud#dojxÉp/#
ghl{hl# suÉ0lqvwdodgr# wrgr# xp# frqmxqwr# gh# QÃr# gÁ# sdud# vhu# xqdqlplgdgh1# Qhp# hp#
dsolfdÇÕhv# txh# xvr# h/# dfuhglwr/# suryhmdp# xp# fdvd# frqvljr# lvvr1# VÓ# whqkr# xpd# fhuwh}d=#
erp# htxloÍeulr# hqwuh# xvdelolgdgh# h# yhorflgdgh1# fkhjdu#À#yhuvÃr#43#vhp#qhqkxpd#sroÊplfd#qÃr#
Hx#wrphl#dv#ghflvÕhv1 whuld#judÇd/#whuldB

R#txh#d#Fdqrqlfdo#ih}#irl#fuldu#xp#ghvnwrs# UREHUWR#VDORPRQ#É#dutxlwhwr#gh#
sdguÃr# txh# hod/# rx# r# Pdun# Vkxwwohzruwk/# rx# vriwzduh#qd#LEP#h#yroxqwÁulr#gr#surmhwr#
txhp# txhu# txh# vhmd/# ghflglx# vhu# d# frpelqdÇÃr# EuRiilfh1ruj1

lghdo# sdud# r# vhx# sÚeolfr0doyr1# Xp# sÚeolfr# txh/#


fÁ#sdud#qÓv/#txhu#txh#r#vhx#frpsxwdgru#dshqdv#
ixqflrqh# +h# txh# qÃr# hvwÁ# qhp# xp# srxfr#
lqwhuhvvdgr# hp# frpslodu# dtxhoh# gulyhu# sdud#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 67
FDSD#—#R#TXH#IDOWD#SDUD#R#XEXQWX#DPDGXUHFHUB

O que f alt a para o

Sru#Fduorv#Hgxdugr#gr#Ydo
amadurecer?
R# Xexqwx# fkhjrx# À# vxd# yhuvÃr# pdlv# sdud# djudgdu# drv# rokrv/# pdv# qr# txh# r# Xexqwx#
uhfhqwh# +43143,# frp# phokruldv# vljqlilfdwlydv# qd# dlqgd# hvwÁ# idokdqgr# qd# frpsrvlÇÃr# gd# Áuhd# gh#
lqwhuidfh# gh# xvxÁulr# h# qdv# idflolgdghv# lqfoxvdv/# wudedokrB
sruÉp# dlqgd# h{lvwhp# dojxqv# srqwrv# txh# qÃr# Dr# h{hfxwdu# txdotxhu# dsolfdwlyr# txh# xwlol}h#
irudp# uhvroylgrv/# srqwdv# d# dsdudu# h# shtxhqdv# RshqJO/# frpr# jdphv/# hvwh# luÁ# frpshwlu# frp# r#
idokdv# txh# wruqdp# r# vlvwhpd# xp# srxfr# dtxÉp# Frpsl}# txhp# xvd# pdlv# uhfxuvrv# gd# sodfd# gh#
gdtxlor# txh# ghvhmdprv# hp# xpd# glvwur# Olqx{# yÍghr# h# gr# surfhvvdgru/# h# qr# ilqdo/# qhqkxp# grv#
shuihlwd1 grlv# ohyd# xp# ghvhpshqkr# vdwlvidwÓulr1# R# txh#
Dojxqv# gldv# dsÓv# r# odqÇdphqwr# gr# Xexqwx# srghuld# vhu# ihlwr# sdud# uhvroyhu# hvwd# txhvwÃrB#
Oxflg# hvfuhyl# xp# duwljr# +kwws=22pljuh1ph24{w9},# Xp# frpdqgr# vlpsohv# h# dxwrpÁwlfr# gh#
edvhdgr# hp# xpd# srvwdjhp# gr# vlwh# ghvdwlydÇÃr#gd#frpsrvlÇÃr#gd#Áuhd#gh#wudedokr#
kwws=22wdqqhukhoodqg1frp/# txh# ghvfuhyld# gh}# txdqgr# dojxp# dsolfdwlyr# txh# xwlol}h# RshqJO#
srqwrv# hp# txh# r# Xexqwx# suhflvduld# phokrudu1# irvvh# h{hfxwdgr# h/# dr# ilqdo# gd# h{hfxÇÃr/#
Dojxqv# irudp# ph{lgrv# qd# qryd# yhuvÃr/# rxwurv# dxwrpdwlfdphqwh# d# uhdwlydvvh1# Srgh# qÃr# vhu#
qÃr/# pdv# yrx# prvwudu# dtxl# qhvwh# duwljr# r# txh# vlpsohv/#pdv#vhuld#gh#judqgh#xwlolgdgh1
suhflvd# vhu# ihlwr# sdud# txh# r# Xexqwx# wruqh0vh# gh#
yh}#r#vlvwhpd#prghor1
2º Ponto: Uma ferramenta de backup
simples e ef iciente
1º Ponto: Composição da área de
t rabalho R# Xexqwx# fkhjd# d# yhuvÃr# 43143# vhp# whu#
xpd# lqwhuidfh# dpljÁyho# gh# edfnxs# h#
Qr# Xexqwx# srghprv# hvfrokhu# hqwuh# uhvwdxudÇÃr# gh# gdgrv# h# vlvwhpd1# Qr# qrvvr#
Frpsl}# h# Hphudog# sdud# gdu# d# ehoh}d# txh# wdqwr# pxqgr#prghuqr#lvvr#fkhjd#d#vhu#xpd#yhujrqkd#
txhuhprv# hp# qrvvr# ghvnwrs1# Txhp# hvfrokh# r# srlv# vhxv# frqfruuhqwhv# frphufldlv# srvvxhp#
Frpsl}# whp# pdlv# hihlwrv# h# txhp# hvfrokh# hvwdv# ihuudphqwdv# h# r# Xexqwx/# xp# vlvwhpd# frp#
Hphudog# whp# phokru# ghvhpshqkr/# pdv# vh# xpd#frpxqlgdgh#wÃr#judqgh#gh#surjudpdgruhv/#
ydprv#sdvvdu#krudv#h#krudv#hp#iuhqwh#dr#qrvvr# dlqgd#qÃr#srvvxl1
SF/# srghprv# hvfrokhu# dojxpdv# %shuixpduldv%#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 68
FDSD#—#R#TXH#IDOWD#SDUD#R#XEXQWX#DPDGXUHFHUB

Dv# phokruldv# lqfoxvdv# qr# qryr# vlvwhpd# gh# hvwÃr# dv# %lqfrqjuxÊqfldv%# flwdgdv# qr# wh{wr#
dutxlyrv# gr# Xexqwx/# r# ewuIV/# shuplwh# r# dqwhulruB#Yrx#olvwÁ0odv#dedl{r=
%urooedfn%/# rx# %yrowdu# dwuÁv%1# Vh# sxgÉvvhprv#
yrowdu# dwuÁv# qr# odqÇdphqwr# gr# Xexqwx# 43143# h#
glwdu# xpd# uhjud# txh# hoh# ghyhuld# vhjxlu# sdud# vhu# 0#Qryr#erwÃr#gh#yroxph
odqÇdgr# vhuld# hvwd=# Lpsodqwh# dojr# sduhflgr# frp# Qr# Xexqwx# 43143# É# srvvÍyho# dydqÇdu/#
r# Wlph# Pdfklqh# gr# RV# [# rx# djxdugh# dwÉ# sdxvdu# h# uhwurfhghu# d# pÚvlfd# txh# yrfÊ# hvwÁ#
txdqgr#wlyhu1 rxylqgr#gluhwr#shor#erwÃr#gh#yroxph#qd#eduud#gr#
vlvwhpd/# doÉp# gh# prvwudu# wrgrv# rv# surjudpdv#
Xp# vlvwhpd# gh# Edfnxs# vlpsohv# h# txh# hvwÃr# xvdqgr# r# vlvwhpd# gh# vrp# h# yrfÊ#
lqfuhphqwdo/# txh# shuplwlvvh# uhvwdxudu# r# vlvwhpd# srghu# frqwuroÁ0orv# gluhwr# gdtxhoh# srqwr1# Erqlwr/#
hp# fdvr# gh# idokd# rx# phvpr# txdqgr# r# xvxÁulr# fdsulfkdgr#h#prghuqr1#HqwÃr/#sru#txh#pdqwhu#r#
txlvhu#yrowdu#d#xp#hvwdgr#dqwhulru#gr#vlvwhpd1 erwÃr# gh# yroxph# qrv# surjudpdv# txh# yÊp# qr#
Ghyhuld# vhu# vlpsohv=# IdÇd# r# edfnxs# vlvwhpd# vh# qÃr# kÁ# pdlv# hvwd# qhfhvvlgdghB#
surjudpdgr# rx# pdqxdo# hp# xp# glvfr# uÍjlgr# Wruqduld#d#lqwhuidfh#grv#surjudpdv#pdlv#olpsd#h#
h{whuqr/# vh# suhflvdu# uhvwdxuÁ0or/# frortxh# r# FG# prvwuduld# xp# srxfr# pdlv# gh# %lqwlplgdgh%# hqwuh#
gr#vlvwhpd#h#hvfrokd#%uhvwdxudu#gh#xp#srqwr#gh# rv#dsolfdwlyrv#h#r#vlvwhpd1
edfnxs%# h# surqwr1# Edfn# lq# Wlph$# Lvwr# qÃr# É# r#
ixwxur/#É#r#suhvhqwh1
0#Volghvkrz#gh#sdsÉlv#gh#sduhgh#lqwhjudgr
Dlqgd# qÃr# gÁ# sdud# dfuhglwdu# txh# r# Xexqwx#
3º Passo: Invest imento em apenas umaqÃr# whp# xp# volghvkrz# gh# sdsÉlv# gh# sduhgh1#
interface Ehp/# r# sureohpd# qÃr# gr# Xexqwx# h# vlp# gr#
JQRPH/#pdv#r#Xexqwx#wudedokd#qd#lqwhuidfh#gr#
QÃr# dgldqwd# whqwdu# djudgdu# d# juhjrv# h# JQRPH#hp#wdqwrv#srqwrv#h#dlqgd#ghl{d#hvwh#gh#
wurldqrv# rx# d# iÃv# gh# JQRPH# h# NGH1# Irfr# odgrB# Rnd|/# rnd|/# whprv# pxlwr# pdlv# frlvdv# txh#
ghyhuld# vhu# d# phwd# gr# wlph# gr# Xexqwx1# O[GH/# qrv# suhrfxsdu# frp# r# vlvwhpd/# pdv/# ydprv# oÁ/#
NGH/#hvwdv#rsÇÕhv#vhuyhp#dshqdv#sdud#ghvyldu# hvwdprv# idodqgr# gh# xp# vlvwhpd# txh# hvwÁ#
r# irfr# sulqflsdo# gr# wlph# +txh# É# id}hu# xpd# frqfruuhqgr# frp# r# Zlqgrzv# :# h# frp# r# RV# [/#
lqwhuidfh# krprjÊqhd,# sdud# glyhuvdv# irqwhv# h# txh# mÁ# wÊp# hvwd# ixqÇÃr# gxdv# yhuvÕhv# dwuÁv1# Xp#
ghl{Á0odv# frp# shtxhqdv# lqfrqjuxÊqfldv# txh# srqwr#d#vhu#uhylvwr#sdud#dv#suÓ{lpdv#uhohdvhv1
qÃr# kÁ# qhfhvvlgdgh1# Txhp# txhu# whu# xp# Xexqwx#
frp# lqwhuidfh# NGH# srgh# idflophqwh# lqvwdodu# 0#Qrwlilfdgru#gh#ixqflrqdphqwr#gr#Xexqwx#
dwudyÉv#gd#Fhqwudo#gh#Surjudpdv/#r#phvpr#ydoh# Rqh
sdud# r# O[GH/# hqwÃr/# sud# txh# glylglu# hviruÇrv# YrfÊ# vdeh# txdqgr# r# Xexqwx# Rqh# hvwÁ#
hqwuh# hvwdv# lqwhuidfhv# dr# lqyÉv# gh# vrpÁ0orv# hp#id}hqgr# edfnxsB# Txdqgr# yrfÊ# lqlfld# d#
suro# gh# xpd# lqwhuidfh# JQRPH# qr# Xexqwx# pdlv# wudqvihuÊqfld# gh# dutxlyrv/# yrfÊ# vdeh# vh# hohv#
fdsulfkdgdB dlqgd# hvwÃr# vhqgr# wudqvihulgrv# h# txdqgr#
whuplqrxB# Srlv# É/# hx# wdpeÉp# qÃr# vhl1# Vh# qÃr#
4º Passo: As melhorias para a interfaceirvvh# sru# dsolfdwlyrv# gh# whufhlurv# +XexqwxRqh0
Lqglfdwru,/# qÃr# gduld# sdud# vdehu# h# hvwd# É# xpd#
ixqÇÃr# txh# ghyhuld# wh# sru# sdguÃr# qr# Xexqwx1# ©#
QÃr# gÁ# sdud# qhjdu=# R# Xexqwx# hvwÁ# olqgr$# ohjdo# vdehu# frpr# dqgd# dtxhod# frlvd# txh# yrfÊ#
WÃr# olqgr# txh# gÁ# yrqwdgh# gh# vdlu# lqvwdodqgr0r# shglx#dr#vlvwhpd#sdud#id}hu1
hp# wrgrv# rv# frpsxwdgruhv# txh# xvr1# Pdv# rqgh#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 69
FDSD#—#R#TXH#IDOWD#SDUD#R#XEXQWX#DPDGXUHFHUB

0#Xp#sdlqho#gh#frqwuroh#gh#yhugdgh pdlv#%fohdq%/#pdlv#erqlwr#h#pdlv#vlpsohv1
MÁ# whqwrx# deulu# wrgdv# dv# mdqhodv# gh#
frqiljxudÇÃr# gr# Xexqwx# h# frqwdu# txdqwdv# vÃrB#
VÃr#pxlwdv1#Wdqwdv#txh#qÃr#kÁ#qhfhvvlgdgh1 0#Xp#sod|hu#gh#pÚvlfdv#phokrudgr
Pxlwdv# rsÇÕhv# gh# sod|huv# gh# pÚvlfd#
R# VXVH# whp# r# \dvw/# r# Zlqgrzv# whp# r# h{lvwhp# sdud# r# Olqx{1# Ghqwuh# hodv# r# Dpdurn/#
Sdlqho# gh# frqwuroh# h# r# Pdf# whp# vhx# sdlqho# gh# txh# É# ihlwr# hp# TW# sdud# r# NGH/# r# Vrqjelug# h# r#
frqwuroh# wdpeÉp1# H# r# XexqwxB# %# 0#Dk/# r# Xexqwx# Edqvkhh1# Frqwxgr/# r# Xexqwx# hvfrokhx# orjr# xp#
whp# r# phqx# Vlvwhpd%/# rx# %Edk/# r# Xexqwx# whp# r# sod|hu# txh# qÃr# wud}# qhqkxpd# ehoh}d# ylvxdo/#
Jqrph0Frqwuro0Fhqwhu%1# Exoovklw$# Dv# frlvdv# qÃr# qhqkxp# %dsshdo%1# Xp# sod|hu# vhp# %prmr%=# r#
ixqflrqdp#dvvlp1 Uk|wkper{1# Jhuhqfldu# olvwdv# gh# h{hfxÇÃr# frp#
Xpd# lqwhuidfh# vlpsohv# gh# jhuhqfldphqwr# hoh# qÃr# É# wÃr# vlpsohv# h# txdqgr# r# surjudpd#
gh# frqwdv/# gh# jhuhqfldphqwr# gh# uhghv/# gh# surfxud#rxwudv#pÚvlfdv#qr#glvfr/#d#h{hfxÇÃr#gd#
jhuhqfldphqwr# gh# gulyhuv/# gh# surjudpdv/# gh# pÚvlfd#vriuh#%fruwhv%1
hqhujld/#gh#whodv#h#wxgr#r#pdlv#hp#xpd#vlpsohv# R# Zlqgrzv# Phgld# Sod|hu# srgh# rujdql}du#
mdqhod# vhuld# h{wuhpdphqwh# surgxwlyr1# Sdud# fdgd# vxdv# pÚvlfdv# sru# jÊqhur/# duwlvwd/# dqr# gh#
frqiljxudÇÃr# É# qhfhvvÁulr# deulu# xpd# mdqhod# odqÇdphqwr# h# rxwudv# lqirupdÇÕhv# ehp#
glihuhqwh# qr# Xexqwx# h# lvvr# É# h{wuhpdphqwh# frpsohwdv1# R# lWxqhv/# gl}hp/# É# h{fhohqwh# sdud#
luulwdqwh/# txdqgr# hx# srghuld# whu# wrgdv# hvvdv# jhuhqfldu# judqghv# txdqwlgdghv# gh# dutxlyrv# gh#
rsÇÕhv# hp# dshqdv# xpd# mdqhod# h# d# fdgd# xpd# pÚvlfd/# doÉp# gh# txh# rv# grlv# vriwzduhv/# r# gd#
txh#hx#deulvvh/#vhuld#ihlwr#hp#xpd#qryd#ded1 Dssoh#h#r#Plfurvriw/#vÃr#dwudhqwhv#drv#rokrv1
Yhmd# d# uhdolgdgh# gdv# mdqhodv# gh# Txhuhp# txh# r# Uk|wkper{# idÇd# sduwh# gr#
frqiljxudÇÃr#gr#Xexqwxl #É#d#ylvÃr#gr#lqihuqr1 vlvwhpdB# Phokruhp# d# irupd# frpr# hoh# jhuhqfld#
d# eleolrwhfd# gh# pÚvlfdv/# dv# olvwdv# gh# h{hfxÇÃr/#
ghhp# xpd# uhylvdgd# qr# ylvxdo# gr# surjudpd/# gh#
irupd# txh# qÃr# sduhÇd# xp# dsolfdwlyr# grv# dqrv#
<3# h# surqwr1# Pdlv# rx# phqrv# dojr# frpr# r#
Vrqjelug# rx# hqwÃr# wurtxhp# gh# yh}# sdud# r#
Edqvkhh1

0#­frqhv#pdlv#erqlwrv
R# Xexqwx# 43137# ghx# xpd# phokrudgd# qr#
ylvxdo# gdv# sdvwdv/# frp# Ífrqhv# glihuhqwhv# sdud#
fdgd# sdvwd# ghqwur# gh# vxd# %Krph%/# pdv# rv#
Iljxud#4=#Mdqhodv#gh#frqiljxudÇÃr#qr#Xexqwx
Ífrqhv#gr#vlvwhpd#qÃr#vÃr#wÃr#ohjdlv#dvvlp1
0#Phqxv#gr#vlvwhpd Hqtxdqwr# r# RV# [# h# r# Zlqgrzv# dsrvwdp#
Sduhfh# phlr# uhgxqgdqwh# whu# dtxhohv# wuÊv# hp# Ífrqhv# pdlv# %uhdolvwdv%/# r# Xexqwx# frp# r#
phqxv# qd# eduud# gr# Xexqwx# +Dsolfdwlyrv/# Orfdlv/# JQRPH# ydl# qd# gluhÇÃr# frqwuÁuld/# frp# Ífrqhv#
Vlvwhpd,# vhqgr# txh# rv# grlv# Úowlprv# srghuldp# txh# sduhfhp# ghvhqkdgrv# sru# duwlvwdv# gh#
pxlwr# ehp# hvwdu# dfrprgdgrv# ghqwur# gr# phqx# txdgulqkrv#lqidqwlv1
%Dsolfdwlyrv%# h# hvwh# frp# xp# rxwur# qrph1# Frpr# R# phqx# Dsolfdwlyrv# hvwÁ# orwdgr# ghohv=#
%Xexqwx%/# sru# h{hpsor1# Vreuduld# pdlv# hvsdÇr# Lqwhuqhw/# JuÁilfrv/# HvfulwÓulr/# Hyroxwlrql wrgrv#
qd# eduud# vxshulru# gr# vlvwhpd# h# dlqgd# ilfduld# sduhfhp# whu# vdÍgr# grv# txdgulqkrv# gd#Wxupd# gd#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 6:
FDSD#—#R#TXH#IDOWD#SDUD#R#XEXQWX#DPDGXUHFHUB

PÔqlfd#h#lvvr#ph#ghl{d#iuxvwudgr1 Sdud# d# Ydoyh# vhuld# pxlwr# pdlv# iÁflo#


Fodur# txh# h{lvwhp# fhqwhqdv# gh# rsÇÕhv# qr# vxsruwdu# dshqdv# xp# wlsr# gh# vlvwhpd# Olqx{# gr#
Jqrph0orrn1ruj/#hqwuh#hodv#r#Idhq}d/#rx#dojxqv# txh#xpd#frpxqlgdgh#lqwhlud#gh#Ihgrudv/#Vxvhv/#
h{fhohqwhv# ihlwrv# shor# fuldwlyr# GdqUdeelw# Vodfnv# h# rxwurv# txlqkhqwrv1# Hohv# glwduldp# dv#
+kwws=22gdqudeelw1ghyldqwduw1frp,1# Pdv# sru# txh# uhjudv/# h# sdud# r# ehp# gd# frpxqlgdgh/# d#
surfxudu# dowhuqdwlydv/# vh# r# vlvwhpd# mÁ# srgh# ylu# Fdqrqlfdo# qhjrflduld# dv# frlvdv1# QÃr#
frp# r# phokru# gh# iÁeulfdB# Shujxqwh# d# xp# Pdf# suhflvduldp# ylu# rv# %Jdphv# iru# Zlqgrzv%/# pdv#
Xvhu# vh# hoh# wurfduld# rv# Ífrqhv# gr# vlvwhpd# h# rv# gd# suÓsuld# Ydoyh# vhuldp# pxlwr# ehp# ylqgrv1#
shujxqwh# d# xp# xvxÁulr# txh# lqvwdorx# r# Xexqwx# d# Mrjdu#Ohiw#7#Ghdg/#Whdp#Iruwuhvv#5#rx#Kdoi0Olih#
xpd# vhpdqd# vh# hoh# wurfduld# rv# Ífrqhv# sdguÃr# 5# qr# Xexqwx# vhuld# judwlilfdqwh1# Gh# txheud/# wuduld#
gr#Xexqwx#shorv#Ífrqhv#gr#Hohphqwdu|#RV111 plokduhv# gh# qryrv# xvxÁulrv1# Frp# qryrv#
xvxÁulrv/# judqghv# srghuhv/# h# frp# judqghv#
srghuhv111
5º Ponto: Uma integração real com o
WINE

R# ZLQH# É# xp# hpxodgru# +wÁ/# qÃr# É# sruÉp#


hpxod,# lqglvshqvÁyho# sdud# dojxpdv# shvvrdv# h#
sru#vhu#wÃr#lpsruwdqwh/#ghyhuld#ylu#sru#sdguÃr#qr#
Xexqwx/#dilqdo/#r#Xexqwx#É#pxlwdv#yh}hv#d#sruwd#
gh# hqwudgd# qr# pxqgr# Olqx{# sdud# pxlwd# jhqwh#
txh# qÃr# vdeh# xvdu# xp# surjudpd# gh# hglÇÃr# gh#
lpdjhqv# frpr# r# JLPS# h# qÃr# vh# ghvoljd# gr#
Iluhzrunv#+frpr#hx/#sru#h{hpsor,1#©#xp#sdfrwh#
shtxhqr/#Úwlo#h#txhp#qÃr#txlvhu/#txh#ghvlqvwdoh#
rx#ghl{h0r#txlhwr1

FDUORV#%NDGX%#HGXDUGR#GR#YDO#É#
6º Ponto: Games, games, games fdsl{ded/#whp#59#dqrv/#É#eorjxhlur#h#
uhvsrqvÁyho#shor#dqwljr#%R#Sludwd#Gljlwdo%#
+dwxdo#RujxokrJhhn1qhw,1#Dxwru#gr#olyur#Jxld#
Lqwhuhvvdqwh# vhuld# yhu# d# Fdqrqlfdo# SuÁwlfd#gh#Xexqwx#sdud#Lqlfldqwhv1#
Hqwxvldvwd#gr#Xexqwx#h#yhqghgru#gh#olyurv#
rihuhfhqgr# pÃr# gh# reud# sdud# r# shvvrdo# gd# qdv#krudv#ydjdv1#
Ydoyh# sruwdu# r# Vwhdp# sdud# r# Xexqwx1# Yhmdp#
ehp/#hx#qÃr#hvfuhyl#Olqx{/#hvfuhyl#XEXQWX1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 6;
FDSD#—#H[SHULPHQWD$#WULVFD$

H{shulphqwd$##Wulvfd$
Sru#Doh{dqguh#Rolyd

EXHPED$# # EXHPED$# # Prvtxlwr# ]xpel#


Xujhqwh$# # R# Hvfxokdpedgru0Jhudo# gr# Txlorper$#
Gluhwr#gr#Sodqhwd#gd#Sldgd#Surqwd$
OdqÇdudp# xpd# glvwur# glwd# gh}# shuihlwr# hp#
432432431# # UÁuÁuÁ$# # QÃr# vdehp# id}hu# frqwd$# # QÃr#
gÁ# 43/# gÁ# 4243/# yÃr# sud# h{dph# hp# pdwhpÁwlfd$#
UÁuÁuÁ$##Suhflvdqgr#gh#</<$##UÁuÁuÁ$##Dsrvwr#txh#
r#3/4#É#r#qÚphur#gh#xexqwxÁulrv#txh#frqvhjxhp#
vh# olyudu# gr# vriwzduh# sulydwlyr# txh# hoh# lqvwdod# h#
ghsrlv#uherrwdu$##UÁuÁuÁ$##Whp#txh#uhpryhu#dwÉ#r#
nhuqho$#U¡U¡U¡$
Xexqwx=# vrx# r# txh# vrx# sru# fdxvd# gr# txh#
wrgrv# vrprv1# # QÃr# É# Olyuh# srutxh# rv# xvxÁulrv#
qÃr# vÃr# Olyuhv/# vÃr# hvfudyrv/# sulvlrqhlurv$#
UÁuÁuÁ$# # Sldgd# surqwd$# Vh# irvvh# Olyuh/# wlqkd# txh#
fkdpdu# Kxux0exqwx1# # U¡U¡U¡$$# Olyuh# sdud# yrdu/#
pdv# vhp# ghl{du# hvtxhfhu# r# ihgru# gd# vhq}dod#
vhpsuh# vxmd/# gr# qdylr# txh# fkhjdyd# dr# Sruwr# gh#
Jdolqkdv=#ihgru#gh#xuxex1##UÁuÁuÁ$
H# whp# xp# dpljr# phx# txh# gl}# txh# qÃr# É#
ihgru/# É# ihgrud1# # Frqghqdgrv# d# FhqwRV# dqrv# gh#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 6<
FDSD#—#H[SHULPHQWD$#WULVFD$

sulvÃr/# qÃr# shor# mxl}/# pdv# shor# UKHO/# dtxhoh# sulqflsdo/# sruwdqwr# qÃr# É# vriwzduh1# # UÁuÁuÁ$$$# # ©#
JQX2Olqx{# ghvUKHJOdgr/# djqÚvwlfr$# # U¡U¡U¡$# prohB##DwÉ#txh#É#iluph/#pdv#qÃr#É#gxur#txh#qhp#
QÃr# vh# frpsurphwhp# frp# r# JQX/# h# qhp# frp# r# phx# kdugzduh$# # UÁuÁuÁ$$$# ©# proh/# pdv# vreh$#
pdqgudnduld# qhp# frp# slwdfr# gr# ruÁfxor# vdhp# Rx# frpr# glvvh# dtxhoh# rxwur=# %©# proh/# pdv# wulvfd#
wrgrv#rv#eorev#gr#Olqx{1##UÁuÁuÁ$##DolÁv/#r#ruÁfxor# sud#yhu#r#txh#dfrqwhfh$%1
wÁ# pdlv# sud# revwÁfxor$# # U¡U¡U¡$# OleuhRiilfh# h#
QÓlv# vriuh/# pdv# qÓlv# jr}d1# # Krmh# vÓ#
JQX2Olqx{0oleuh#qhohv$
dpdqkÃ1# # Ydl# lqgr# txh# hx# qÃr# yrx$# Txh# yrx#
H#hvvh#qhjÓflr#gh#glvsxwd#gh#glvwurv#sduhfh# slqjdu# phx# froÍyulr# dqwleoÓehqr/# sud# yhu# txh#
euljd# gh# wruflgd# hp# ormd# gh# eulqtxhgr# qr# gld# gdv# wdydp# ph# hqjdpehodqgr# wdpeÉp1# # UÁuÁuÁ$# # DÍ#
fuldqÇdv1# # UÁuÁuÁ$# # ©# xp# wdo# gh# slqjxlp# sud# oÁ# h# yrx# gdu# xpd# Wulvfdglqkd# h# hqwudu# gh# fdehÇd$#
sud# fÁ/# fdplvd# gh# wlph/# FG/# GYG/# olyur/# Fdl{d# UÁuÁuÁ$# # H{shulphqwh/# wulvtxh# yrfÊ# wdpeÉp$# # Ydl#
PÁjlfd/# Sdqgrujd/# edvwÃr# gh# dÇÚfdu/# idqwdvld# gh# yhu# frpr# r# vlvwhpd# ohydqwd# erqlwr# txdqgr# wÁ#
fxuxplp/# gh# Fkdshx}lqkr# Yhuphokr/# Vx}|111# Olyuh$##U¡U¡U¡$$$
Xpd#Eduelh0ulgdgh$##UÁuÁuÁ$
H# dÍ/# hqtxdqwr# d# wruflgd# euljd# vreuh# txdo# Frs|uljkw#5343#Doh{dqguh#Rolyd
wlph# id}# jro# frqwud# pdlv# erqlwr/# qÃr# id}# erp# xvr#
gd#olehugdgh#gh#hvfrokd#h#xp#prqwh#gh#yhqghgru#
FÓsld#olwhudo/#glvwulexlÇÃr#h#sxeolfdÇÃr#gd#Íqwhjud#ghvwh#duwljr#
ydl# dehuwdphqwh# hqjdpehodqgr# rv# wurx{dv1#
vÃr#shuplwlgdv#hp#txdotxhu#phlr/#hp#wrgr#r#pxqgr/#ghvgh#txh#
U¡U¡U¡$$$
vhmdp#suhvhuydgdv#d#qrwd#gh#frs|uljkw/#d#XUO#rilfldo#gr#grfx0
Dqwlwx{dqÊv# Uhordghg/# d# PlvvÃr1# # Frqwlqxr# phqwr#h#hvwd#qrwd#gh#shuplvvÃr1
frp# d# plqkd# khurlfd# h# phvrsrwÂplfd# fdpsdqkd# kwws=22zzz1iviod1ruj2vyqzlnl2eorjv2o{r2sxe2wulvfd
Pruwh#dr#Wx{dqÊv1##Id}#whpsr#txh#yl#xp#h{hpsor#
ludgr# gh# wx{dqÊv1# Wrgr# r# vriwzduh# dsolfdwlyr#
lqvwdodgr# sru# ghidxow# É# vriwzduh# olyuh1# # UduduÁ$#
Phqrv# gluhwr# lpsrvvÍyho1# # H# r# vriwzduh# sulydwlyr#
txh# qÃr# É# dsolfdwlyr/# frpr# ilupzduh/# gulyhuv/# txh#
wdpeÉp# É# lqvwdodgr# sru# ghidxowB# # H# r# vriwzduh#
sulydwlyr# txh# yhp# frp# r# suÓsulr# Wx{B# # Wx{dqÊv#
vÃr#whuwÚoldv#ioÁflgdv#sdud#erylqr#frqfloldu#r#vrqr1#
R#JQX#h#r#Iuhhgr#qÃr#fdhp#qhvvd#uhgh$#Ylyd#r#
dqwlwx{dqÊv1# # Ylyd# r# Wulvtxho/# JQX# frp# Olqx{0 DOH[DQGUH#ROLYD##É#frqvhokhlur#gd#
IxqgdÇÃr#Vriwzduh#Olyuh#DpÉulfd#Odwlqd/#
oleuh/# yhuvÃr# 713# OWV# odqÇdgd# qr# gld# gd# olehugdgh# pdqwhqhgru#gr#Olqx{0oleuh/#hydqjhol}dgru#
gh#vriwzduh$ gr#Prylphqwr#Vriwzduh#Olyuh#h#hqjhqkhlur#
gh#frpslodgruhv#qd#Uhg#Kdw#Eudvlo1#
H# dwhqÇÃr$# # Fduwlokd# gr# OhoÊv1# # R# RuÉolr# gr# Judgxdgr#qd#Xqlfdps#hp#Hqjhqkduld#gh#
FrpsxwdÇÃr#h#Phvwudgr#hp#FlÊqfldv#gd#
OhoÉ1# # Pdlv# xp# yhuehwh# gr# FkdshOhoÉlur# Pdoxfr1# FrpsxwdÇÃr1
Ilupzduh=# vriwzduh# txh# qÃr# urgd# qr# surfhvvdgru#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 73
WXWRULDO#—#TXH#YHQKD#R#OLEUHRIILFH

Txh#yhqkd#r#
OleuhRiilfh
Sru#Doh{dqguh#D1#Erued

Sdvvdgr# fhufd# gh# xp# pÊv# gr# dqÚqflr# gr#


OleuhRiilfh/#d#srhlud#mÁ#dvvhqwrx#h#r#ixwxur#hvwÁ#
xp# srxfr# pdlv# fodur1#Dfrqwhfhx# r# txh# hx# fkd0
pr#gh#shgud#fdqwdgd/#d#Rudfoh#qÃr#hqwurx#dsrl0
dqgr# r# surmhwr/# dshqdv# ghvhmrx# vxfhvvr/# h# ydl#
frqwlqxdu#wrfdqgr#r#RshqRiilfh1#R#txh#wdpeÉp#
dfrqwhfhx/# txh# pxlwrv# vh# glvvhudp# hvsdqwdgrv#
pdv#txh#wdpeÉp#mÁ#hud#hvshudgr/#irl#r#ghvoljd0
phqwr# gd# Rudfoh# gh# wrgrv# rv# ghvhqyroyhgruhv#
gr# OleuhRiilfh# txh# dlqgd# wlqkd# dojxpd# oljdÇÃr#
frp#hod1
Hqilp/# qr# ilqdo# gdv# frqwdv/# hvwdprv# frp#
grlv# Ówlprv# surmhwrv# gh# vxÍwhv# gh# hvfulwÓulr# hp#
dqgdphqwr/# r# RshqRiilfh/# txh# mÁ# É# frqkhflgr#
gh#wrgrv/#h#r#OleuhRiilfh/#txh#dshvdu#gh#qryr#mÁ#
yhp#frp#wrgr#xp#uhvsdogr#d#vhx#idyru1
Sdud# yrfÊ# txh# ghvhmd# yhu# frpr# hvwÁ# hvwd#
qryd# vxÍwh# gh# hvfulwÓulr# h# qÃr# txhu# hvshudu# txh#
hod# vhmd# lqfoxÍgd/# dvvlp# frpr# surphwlgr# shod#
Fdqrqlfdo/# qr# uhsrvlwÓulr# gr# Xexqwx/# dtxl# ydl#
xp#shtxhqr#wxwruldo#gh#frpr#lqvwdodu1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 74
WXWRULDO#—#TXH#YHQKD#R#OLEUHRIILFH

Deud#xpd#whod#gh#whuplqdo#h#vljd#rv#vhjxlqwhv#sdvvrv=

4š#Sdvvr 6š#Sdvvr
Gljlwh=#hfkr#*ghe#kwws=22grzqordg1wx{id0 Gljlwh=#vxgr#dsw0jhw#xsgdwh
plo|1ruj2jhulfrp2oleuhriilfh#2*##vxgr#whh#0d# Lvvr#luÁ#dwxdol}du#d#vxd#olvwd#gh#sdfrwhv1
2hwf2dsw2vrxufhv1olvw
Lvvr#luÁ#dglflrqdu#r#uhsrvlwÓulr#gr#OleuhRiilfh#dr# 7š#Sdvvr
vhx#vrxufh#olvw1 Gljlwh=#vxgr#dsw0jhw#lqvwdoo#oleuhriilfh6#olered0
vlv616-
5š#Sdvvr Lvvr#luÁ#lqvwdodu#r#OleuhRiilfh#qr#vhx#frpsxwdgru1
Gljlwh=#vxgr#dsw0nh|#dgy#00nh|vhuyhu#nh|vhu0
yhu1xexqwx1frp#00uhfy0nh|v#;<3H:D59
Lvvr#luÁ#edl{du#d#fkdyh#sÚeolfd#gr#uhsrvlwÓulr#sd0
ud#r#vhx#frpsxwdgru1

DOH[DQGUH#D1#ERUED#É#ghvhqyroyhgru#
gh#Vlvwhpdv#Zhe#hp#SKS/#hvwxgdqwh#gh#
FlÊqfld#gd#FrpsxwdÇÃr#h#judqgh#
hqwxvldvwd#h#ghihqvru#gr#Vriwzduh#Olyuh1#
Sduwlflsd#gd#frpxqlgdgh#WX[0HV#h#dlqgd#
frqwulexl#qd#jhvwÃr#gdv#pÍgldv#vrfldlv#gd#
Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 75
WXWRULDO#—#LQVWDODQGR#R#[0PRQH\#QR#OLQX[

LQVWDODQGR#R

Sru#HqÉldv#Udprv

Hvwh#wxwruldo#luÁ#dmxgÁ0or#qd#lqvwdodÇÃr#gr#[0
Prqh|#hp#vhx#vlvwhpd1#
[0Prqh|#É#xp#vriwzduh#txh#
suhwhqgh#dwhqghu#d#wrgdv#dv#
qhfhvvlgdghv#frphufldlv#h# LqwurgxÇÃr

ilqdqfhludv#gh#vxd#hpsuhvd1 D# LqvwdodÇÃr# gr# [0Prqh|# É# ehp# vlpsohv1#


Frp#shtxhqrv#sdvvrv#yrfÊ#whuÁ#r#[0Prqh|#lqvwd0
Qr#prphqwr/#srvvxl#wrgrv#rv# odgr#h#ixqflrqdqgr1#
uhfxuvrv#eÁvlfrv#qhfhvvÁulrv#sdud#
r#frqwuroh/#dupd}hqdphqwr#h# QÍyho#gh#glilfxogdgh
shvtxlvd1
Fuhlr# txh# r# Úqlfr# ghvdilr# h# txh/# srvvlyho0
DoÉp#gh#vhu#uÁslgr/#lqwxlwlyr/# phqwh/# srghuÁ# rfruuhu# sureohpdv/# É# d# frqiljxud0
hfrqÔplfr#h#433(#eudvlohlur$ ÇÃr#gd#edvh#gh#gdgrv#P|VTO1#Pdv#iltxh#wudqtÜlor#
txh# qÃr# hqwuduhl# hp# dvvxqwrv# frpsoh{rv# frpr#
©#r#sulphlur#frqmxqwr#gh#
shuirupdqfh# rx# orjv# elqÁulrv/# srlv# txhuhprv# vr0
ihuudphqwdv#lqrydgrudv#gh#jhvwÃr# phqwh#lqvwdodu#h#xvdu1#=,#
hpsuhvduldo#sdud#dv#sodwdirupdv#
Xql{0olnh1 GhshqgÊqfldv
Vlwh#gr#surmhwr=# Rv#sdfrwhv#dedl{r#vÃr#hvvhqfldlv#sdud#r#fru0
kwws=22zzz1jdpx}d1frp1eu2{prqh| uhwr# ixqflrqdphqwr# gr# [0Prqh|1# Hohv# vÃr# uhtxlvl0
wdgrv# h# lqvwdodgrv# dxwrpdwlfdphqwh/# phqrv# r#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 76
WXWRULDO#—#LQVWDODQGR#R#[0PRQH\#QR#OLQX[

sdfrwh#sks80jwn51#Hvvd#eleolrwhfd#qÃr#É#glvsrqlelol0 LuÁ#vxujlu#qd#whod#xpd#mdqhod#frp#dojxqv#fdp0
}dgd#hp#irupd#gh#sdfrwh#sdud#dv#glvwulexlÇÕhv1# srv#sdud#suhhqfkhu1#
Vhjxh#d#olvwd=#
0#sks80fol#
0#sks80p|vto#
0#sks80jwn5#
0#p|vto0vhuyhu#
0#p|vto0dgplq#
0#}hqlw|#
0#hylqfh

LqvwdodÇÃr#gd#eleolrwhfd#gr#vlvwhpd
R# sulphlur# sdvvr# É# lqvwdodu# xpd# eleolrwhfd#
txh#É#d#edvh#gr#qrvvr#vlvwhpd=#d#eleolrwhfd#SKS0
JWN1#
Hod# vh# hqfrqwud# qd# jxld# Grzqordgv1# Ohp0
eudqgr#txh#yrfÊ#luÁ#hqfrqwudu#gxdv#yhuvÕhv#gd#el0
Iljxud#4=#Frqiljxudqgr#d#edvh#gh#gdgrv
eolrwhfd=# xpd# l6;9# h# xpd# dpg971# Vhohflrqh#
vrphqwh# xpd# ghodv# gh# dfrugr# frp# d# dutxlwhwxud#
Suhhqfkd#frp#dv#vhjxlqwhv#lqirupdÇÕhv=#
txh#vhx#vlvwhpd#rshudflrqdo#hvwÁ#frqiljxudgr1#
Vhuyhu#Krvwqdph=#orfdokrvw
Edl{h#d#yhuvÃr#l6;9#rx#dpg971#YrfÊ#d#hqfrq0
Sruw=#6639
wud# qr# vlwh# rilfldo# gr# surmhwr=#
Xvhuqdph=#urrw
kwws=22zzz1jdpx}d1frp1eu2{prqh|1
Sdvvzrug=#gljlwhbdtxlbvxdbvhqkdbgrbp|vto

LqvwdodÇÃr#gr#[0Prqh| Foltxh#hp#Frqqhfw1##Vh#wrgrv#rv#gdgrv#hv0
Djrud#suhflvdprv#edl{du#r#[0Prqh|#sursuld0 wlyhuhp#fruuhwrv/#rxwud#mdqhod#luÁ#vxujlu1###
phqwh# glwr1# Qrydphqwh# qd# jxld# Grzqordgv/# edl{h#
h#lqvwdoh#r#sdfrwh#{prqh|1#
Vh# yrfÊ# dlqgd# qÃr# whp# xpd# edvh# gh# gdgrv#
P|VTO# lqvwdodgd# h# frqiljxudgd# hp# vhx# vlvwhpd/#
qd# lqvwdodÇÃr# gr# {prqh|# hoh# srghuÁ# wh# shglu# xpd#
vhqkd#sdud#d#edvh#gh#gdgrv#VTO1#Suhhqfkd#frp#
xpd#vhqkd#iruwh/#srlv#hvvd#vhuÁ#d#vhqkd#gr#Dgpl0
qlvwudgru# +urrw,# gd# vxd# edvh# gh# gdgrv# P|VTO1#
Jxdugh0d#ehp$#

FrqiljxudÇÃr#gd#edvh#gh#gdgrv#P|VTO
Dfhvvh# r# phqx# gr# vhx# vlvwhpd# h# vhohflrqh#
d# rsÇÃr# SurjudpdÇÃr# h# ghsrlv# P|VTO# Txhu|#
Eurzvhu1#
Iljxud#5=#Frqwlqxdqgr#d#frqiljxudqgr#gd#edvh#gh#gdgrv

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 77
WXWRULDO#—#LQVWDODQGR#R#[0PRQH\#QR#OLQX[

Qhod#srghprv#hihwxdu#txhulhv#hp#qrvvd#ed0 ylgru# P|VTO/# lqfoxlqgr# xvxÁulrv/# frqiljxudÇÕhv/#


vh#gh#gdgrv#P|VTO#h#vhuÁ#qhod#rqgh#ydprv#ful0 frqh{Õhv/# orjv/# hihwxdu# edfnxsv/# ylvxdol}du# d#
du#r#edqfr#qhfhvvÁulr#sdud#r#[0Prqh|1# txdqwlgdgh# gh# phpÓuld# txh# qrvvr# P|vto# hvwÁ#
Qd#mdqhod#gr#P|VTO#Txhu|#Eurzvhu#vhohfl0 xvdqgr#h#pxlwdv#rxwudv#wduhidv1#H#É#dtxl#txh#luh0
rqh#r#phqx#Iloh#h#d#rsÇÃr#Qhz#Vfulsw#Wde1#Deul0 prv# jhuhqfldu# qrvvr# xvxÁulr# P|VTO1#Dfhvvh# d#
uÁ#xp#jxld#fkdpdgd#Qhz#Vfulsw/#frp#xpd#fdl{d# rsÇÃr#Xvhu#Dgplqlvwudwlrq/#foltxh#qr#erwÃr#Qhz#
gh#wh{wr#orjr#dedl{r1# Xvhu#h#suhhqfkd#rv#fdpsrv#txh#vxujluhp=#

Gljlwh#hvvhv#frpdqgrv#qd#fdl{d#gh#wh{wr=# P|VTO#Xvhu=#{prqh|
Qhz#Sdvvzrug=#vhqkdbsdudbrbxvxdulrb{prqh|
FUHDWH#GDWDEDVH#{prqh|> Frqilupd#Sdvvzrug=#qrydphqwhbdbvhqkdbsd0
Ghsrlv# foltxh# hp# H{hfxwh1# Vh# wxgr# rfruuhx# udbrbxvxdulrb{prqh|
qrupdophqwh/#ihfkh#d#mdqhod1#

Frqiljxudqgr# xvxÁulr# h# shuplvvÕhv# sdud#


d#edvh#gh#gdgrv#P|VTO
Djrud# suhflvdprv# fuldu# r# xvxÁulr# txh# r# [0
Prqh|# xvduÁ# sdud# dfhvvdu# d# edvh# gh# gdgrv#
P|VTO#h#dmxvwdu#dv#shuplvvÕhv#qhfhvvÁuldv1#
Dfhvvh# r# phqx# gr# vhx# vlvwhpd# h# vhohflr0
qh# d# rsÇÃr# SurjudpdÇÃr# h# ghsrlv# P|VTO# Dg0
plqlvwudwru1# LuÁ# vxujlu# rxwud# mdqhod# gh#
dxwhqwlfdÇÃr1# Suhhqfkd# rv# fdpsrv# h{dwdphqwh#
frpr#dqwhulruphqwh#h#foltxh#hp#Frqqhfw1#
Iljxud#7=#Dglflrqdqgr#qryr#xvxÁulr
Ghvvd# yh}# luÁ# vxujlu# xpd# rxwud# mdqhod/# sr0
uÉp/#xp#srxfr#glihuhqwh1# Djrud# vhohflrqh# d# jxld# Vfkhpd# Sulylohjhv1#
Qd#olvwd#Vfkhpd#luÁ#dsduhfhu#rv#qrphv#gr#edqfrv#
lqvwdodgrv#qd#vxd#edvh#gh#gdgrv#P|VTO1#
Vhohflrqh# r# Vfkhpd# {prqh|1# D# olvwd# Dydlod0
eoh# Sulylohjhv# vhuÁ# suhhqfklgd# frp# xpd# vÉulh# gh#
rsÇÕhv1#Vhohflrqh#dv#vhjxlqwhv=#
VHOHFW
LQVHUW
XSGDWH
GHOHWH
FUHDWH
GURS
DOWHU
FUHDWHbYLHZ
Iljxud#6=#Frqiljxudqgr#xvxÁulrv#h#shuplvvÕhv VKRZbYLHZ
FUHDWHbURXWLQH
Hvvd# É# xpd# ihuudphqwd# txh# srvvxl# lqÚph0 DOWHUbURXWLQH
urv#uhfxuvrv1#Qhod#srghprv#jhuhqfldu#qrvvr#vhu0 H[HFXWH

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 78
WXWRULDO#—#LQVWDODQGR#R#[0PRQH\#QR#OLQX[

Vhjxuh#d#whfod#Fwuo#sdud#id}hu#xpd#pÚowlsod# Suhhqfkd# frp# dv# lqirupdÇÕhv# txh# xvd0


hvfrokd1# prv#sdud#fuldu#r#qrvvr#xvxÁulr#qr#P|VTO#Dgpl0
Foltxh# qd# vhwd# txh# dsrqwd# sdud# d# hvtxhu0 qlvwudwru#h#foltxh#hp#Rn1#
gd1#Dv#rsÇÕhv#vhohflrqdgrv#vhuÃr#prylgdv#sdud# Txdqgr#hoh#frqvhjxlu#hihwxdu#orjlq#qr#vhu0
d#olvwd#Dvvljqhg#Sulylohjhv#h#ilfduÁ#dvvlp=# ylgru# P|VTO/# prvwuduÁ# xpd# phqvdjhp# txh# luÁ#
frqiljxudu# d# edvh# gh# gdgrv# gr# [0Prqh|1# Foltxh#
hp#Rn#sdud#frqwlqxdu#r#surfhvvr1#
Hqilp111#xpd#mdqhod#gh#orjlq1#=,##

Iljxud#:=#Whod#gh#orjlq

Iljxud#8=#Frqiljxudqgr#shuplvvÕhv#gr#xvxÁulr Frpr# É# d# sulphlud# yh}# txh# lqlfldprv# r# [0


Prqh|/# gljlwh# dgplq# wdqwr# sdud# xvxÁulr# txdqwr#
Foltxh#hp#Dsso|#Fkdqjhv#sdud#vdoydu#r#qrv0 sdud# d# vhqkd1# YrfÊ# pxgdu# lvvr# srvwhulruphqwh#
vr#xvxÁulr#{prqh|#h#vxdv#shuplvvÕhv1# dfhvvdqgr#r#phqx#FRQILJ#0A#XVXDULRV1#
Surqwr$#Qrvvd#edvh#gh#gdgrv#hvwÁ#dwxdol}d0
gd1#Ihfkh#d#mdqhod#h#lqlflh#r#[0Prqh|1#
Sdud#pdlv#lqirupdÇÕhv=
Lqlfldqgr#r#[0Prqh| Vlwh#Rilfldo#[0Prqh|
kwws=22zzz1jdpx}d1frp1eu2{prqh|
Qd# sulphlud# yh}# txh# r# [0Prqh|# lqlfldu/# hoh#
luÁ#txhvwlrqdu#vreuh#r#xvxÁulr#txh#luÁ#dfhvvdu#d#
edvh#gh#gdgrv#P|VTO1#

HQ©LDV#UDPRV#GH#PHOR#É#
dgplqlvwudgru#gh#vhuylgruhv#Xql{0olnh#h#
ghvhqyroyhgru#gh#whfqrorjldv#hp#
dpelhqwh#Ghvnwrs1#UhvsrqvÁyho#shor#[0
Prqh|1

Iljxud#9=#Lqlfldqgr#r#[0Prqh|#shod#sulphlud#yh}

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 79
WXWRULDO#—#FORQDQGR#KG#FRP#VRIWZDUH#OLYUH

FORQDQGR#KG#FRP#
VRIWZDUH#OLYUH

lonhu#0#v{f1kx
Sru#DqwÔqlr#Dxjxvwr#Pd}}l

Xpd# gdv# wduhidv# pdlv# Áugxdv# qd# pdqxwhq0


ÇÃr# gh# oderudwÓulrv# gh# lqirupÁwlfd# É/# vhp# gÚyl0
gd/# d# lqvwdodÇÃr# gh# vriwzduhv1# Vh# d# lqvwdodÇÃr#
gh# vriwzduhv# hp# xp# Úqlfr# frpsxwdgru# É# ghpr0
udgd/# lpdjlqh# uhshwlu# hvvh# surfhvvr# lqÚphudv#
yh}hv#hp#glyhuvrv#oderudwÓulrv1
Sdud#idflolwdu#d#ylgd#grv#surilvvlrqdlv#gh#lq0
irupÁwlfd/# h{lvwhp# yÁulrv# vriwzduhv# fdsd}hv# gh#
djlol}du#r#surfhvvr#gh#lqvwdodÇÃr1##Hvvhv#vriwzd0
uhv#vÃr#pdlv#frqkhflgrv#frpr#vriwzduhv#gh#for0
qdjhp# gh# KG# +Kdug# Glvn# rx# glvfr# uÍjlgr,1# D#
forqdjhp# gh# xp# KG# qdgd# pdlv# É# txh# uhdol}du#
xpd# lpdjhp# +fÓsld,# lgÊqwlfd# gr# glvfr# uÍjlgr1# R#
frqwhÚgr#gh#xpd#lpdjhp#gh#xp#KG#frqwhuÁ#wr0
grv# rv# vriwzduhv# h# frqiljxudÇÕhv/# qr# lqvwdqwh#
hp#txh#d#lpdjhp#irl#jhudgd1#Frp#lvvr/#vh#krx0
yhu#d#qhfhvvlgdgh#gh#uhdol}du#d#uhlqvwdodÇÃr#ghv0

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 7:
WXWRULDO#—#FORQDQGR#KG#FRP#VRIWZDUH#OLYUH

vhv#vriwzduhv/#edvwd#xwlol}du#hvvd#lpdjhp1 FDVW# É# ehp# vlpsohv1# Dfhvvh# r# vlwh# kwws=22xgs0


©# lpsruwdqwh# ghvwdfdu# txh# dr# forqdu# xp# fdvw1olqx{1ox2# h# qr# phqx# orfdol}dgr# d# hvtxhugd#
KG/#wrgrv#rv#vriwzduhv#h#vxdv#frqiljxudÇÕhv#vh0 foltxh# qr# olqn# Zhe0hqdeohg# xgsfdvw# frqiljxud0
uÃr# frsldgrv1# Lvvr# ydoh# wdpeÉp# sdud# r# vlvwhpd# wru=#Exlog#|rxu#rzq#fxvwrp#lpdjh#rqolqh$
rshudflrqdo#h#sdud#rv#gulyhuv#txh#irudp#lqvwdod0
grv# sdud# dtxhod# ghwhuplqdgd# pÁtxlqd1# Sru# lv0
vr/# d# forqdjhp# gh# xp# KG# vÓ# É# ydolgd# vh# r#
phvpr#iru#xwlol}dgr#shor#phvpr#frpsxwdgru#rx#
sdud# frpsxwdgruhv# lgÊqwlfrv1# Hqwhqgh0vh# sru#
frpsxwdgru# lgÊqwlfr# frpsxwdgruhv# frp# d# phv0
pd#frqiljxudÇÃr#gh#kdugzduh1
D# xwlol}dÇÃr# gd# forqdjhp# gh# KG# É# yÁolgd#
txdqgr# whprv# oderudwÓulrv# gh# lqirupÁwlfd# frp#
frpsxwdgruhv# lgÊqwlfrv1# Lpdjlqh# r# vhjxlqwh# fh0
qÁulr=# xp# oderudwÓulr# frp# 53# frpsxwdgruhv#
lgÊqwlfrv# h# d# qhfhvvlgdgh# gh# uhdol}du# d# lqvwdod0 Iljxud#4=#Whod#sulqflsdo#gr#vlwh

ÇÃr#grv#vriwzduhv#dsolfdwlyrv/#vlvwhpd#rshudflr0
qdo# h# gulyhuv# grv# frpsrqhqwhv# gh# kdugzduh1#Dr#
lqyÉv#gh#uhdol}du#r#surfhglphqwr#pdqxdo#gh#lqvwd0 DsÓv# fduuhjdu# d# sÁjlqd/# luhprv# frqiljxudu#
odÇÃr# gh# fdgd# vriwzduh# hp# fdgd# frpsxwdgru/# É# r#XGSFDVW#frp#dv#frqiljxudÇÕhv#gh#kdugzduh#
srvvÍyho# suhsdudu# xp# Úqlfr# frpsxwdgru# frp# wr0 qhfhvvÁuldv# sdud# lqlfldu# r# surfhvvr# gh# forqd0
grv#hvvhv#vriwzduhv#h#forqdu#r#KG#sdud#vhu#xwlol0 jhp1#Srghprv#hvfrokhu##pdqxdophqwh#r#pÓgx0
}dgr# qrv# ghpdlv# frpsxwdgruhv# ghvvh# or# gh# uhgh# h# r# wlsr# gh# glvfr# sdud# xp#
oderudwÓulr1#Frp#lvvr#whuhprv#d#lqvwdodÇÃr#gh#wr0 ghwhuplqdgr# frpsxwdgru/# rx# dglflrqdu# wrgrv# rv#
grv# rv# vriwzduhv# hp# wrgrv# rv# frpsxwdgruhv/# h# pÓgxorv#vxsruwdgrv#shor#XGSFDVW1
gh#irupd#uÁslgd1
R# surfhglphqwr# gh# xwlol}dÇÃr# gd# lpdjhp#
+forqh,# gr# KG# yduld# gh# vriwzduh# sdud# vriwzduh1#
Qhvwh#duwljr#vhuÁ#dsuhvhqwdgr#r#vriwzduh##XGS0
FDVW/#xwlol}dgr#sdud#uhdol}du#d#forqdjhp#gh#KG#
dwudyÉv#gh#wudqvihuÊqfld#gh#dutxlyrv#hp#xpd#uh0
gh#orfdo1
R#XGSFDVW#É#olehudgr#vre#d#olfhqÇd#JSO#
513# h# srgh# vhu# rewlgr# qr# vlwh# rilfldo# gr# phvpr=#
kwws=22xgsfdvw1olqx{1ox2#1
R#surfhglphqwr#sdud#jhudu#r#FG#frp#XGS0 Iljxud#5=#Frqiljxudqgr#r#XSGFDVW

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 7;
WXWRULDO#—#FORQDQGR#KG#FRP#VRIWZDUH#OLYUH

Foltxh# qr# olqn# Fkhfn#Doo# orfdol}dgr# qr# ilqdo# glvsrqÍyho# hp# kwws=22zhehgxf1phf1jry1eu2olqx{h0
gd# sÁjlqd# sdud# dglflrqdu# wrgrv# rv# pÓgxorv# h# gxfdflrqdo2pdqxdlv2xgsfdvw1sgi# h# Forqdqgr#
hp#vhjxlgd#foltxh#qr#erwÃr#Hqyldu#Gdgrv1 Glvfrv# frp# r# XGSFDVW/# surgx}lgr# sru=# Vhu0
Qd#suÓ{lpd#sÁjlqd/#foltxh#qr#erwÃr#Grzqor0 jlr# JudÇdv# h# Jldq|# Deuhx# Ghvhqyroyhgruhv# gr#
dg#lpdjh#sdud#lqlfldu#r#grzqordg#gr#XGSFDVW1 Surmhwr# JQX2Olqx{# Yuolyuh/# glvsrqÍyho# hp=#
kwws=22zhehgxf1phf1jry1eu2olqx{hgxfdflrqdo2pd0
qxdlv2dutbrilflqdvbforqdqgrbglvfrvbxsgfdv1#
sgi1#

Sdud#pdlv#lqirupdÇÕhv=
Vlwh#Rilfldo#XGSFDVW
kwws=22xgsfdvw1olqx{1ox2
Iljxud#6=#Fxvwrpl}dqgr#h#ilqdol}dqgr#r#surfhvvr

Forqdqgr#Glvfrv#0#Forqdjhp#gh#Glvfrv#^ #Forqdjhp#
gh#KGv#yld#uhgh#xwlol}dqgr#r#XGSFDVW
R# Úowlpr# sdvvr# É# fuldu# r# FG# rx# GYG# dwud0 kwws=22zhehgxf1phf1jry1eu2olqx{hgxfdflrqdo2pdqxdlv2xgs#
yÉv# gd# lpdjhp# gr# XGSFDVW=# r# dutxlyr# fdvw1sgi
xsgfsg1lvr1# Sdud# lvvr# yrfÊ# srgh# xwlol}du# xp#
vriwzduh#dsursuldgr#gh#vxd#hvfrokd1 Forqdqgr#Glvfrv#frp#r#XGSFDVW
Frp#r#FG#gr#XGSFDVW#ghylgdphqwh#frq0 kwws=22zhehgxf1phf1jry1eu2olqx{hgxfdflrqdo2pdqxdlv2dutb
iljxudgr/# edvwd# lqfldu# r# surfhvvr# gh# forqdjhp/# rilflqdvbforqdqgrbglvfrvbxsgfdv1sgi
txh#wdpeÉp#É#edvwdqwh#vlpsohv1#Qr#wrwdo#vÃr#4;#
whodv# dqwhv# gh# lqlfldu# d# wudqvplvvÃr# grv# gdgrv#
shod#uhgh1# DQW´QLR#DXJXVWR#PD]]L#
+jxwrpd}}lCjpdlo1frp,#É##É#judgxdgr#hp#
Sdud#vdehu#pdlv#vreuh#r#surfhvvr#gh#frqil0 WhfqÓorjr#hp#LqirupÁwlfd/#sÓv0judgxdgr#
jxudÇÃr# gr# XGSFDVW/# uhfrphqgr# rv# Pdqxdlv=# hp#DgplqlvwudÇÃr#hp#Vlvwhpdv#gh#
Forqdqgr#Glvfrv#0#Forqdjhp#gh#Glvfrv#^ #For0 LqirupdÇÃr#shod#XIOD1#Dwxdophqwh#É#
surihvvru#gh#qÍyho#wÉfqlfr#gr#Fhqwur#Sdxod#
qdjhp# gh# KGv# yld# uhgh# xwlol}dqgr# r# XGS0 Vrx}d#gr#fxuvr#gh#lqirupÁwlfd#h#phpeur
FDVW/# surgx}lgr# sru=# Uhjldqh# V1# gh# Fduydokr/# gd#htxlsh#uhvsrqvÁyho#shorv#oderudwÓulrv#h#
surihvvru#XqlyhuvlwÁulr1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 7<
WXWRULDO#—#VLQFURQL]DQGR#OHJHQGDV#FRP#R#PSOD\HU

Vlqfurql}dqgr
Ohjhqgdv#frp#r

Sru#Jhudogr#P1#Irqwhv#Mu

Ilqdophqwh# yrfÊ# frqvhjxlx# edl{du# dtxhoh#


iloph# txh# wdqwr# hvshudyd# hp# [YLG# +rx# Gly[,1#
Ghx# xp# srxfr# pdlv# gh# wudedokr# sdud# hqfrqwudu#
dv#ohjhqgdv/#pdv#djrud#mÁ#hvwÁ#wxgr#surqwr1#Yd0
prv#yhu#r#ilophB
Pdv/# ghfhsÇÃr$#Dv# idodv# qÃr# hvwÃr# vlqfur0
ql}dgdv# frp# dv# ohjhqgdv1# Wrgdv# dtxhodv# krudv#
gh#grzqordg#sdud#lvvrB#H#r#iloph#sduhfh#vhu#wÃr#
erp$#H#qhp#dgldqwd#id}hu#gh#frqwd#txh#r#sureoh0
pd# qÃr# rfruuh1# Txdqwr# pdlv# r# iloph# dydqÇd/#
pdlv# whpsr# ghfruuh# hqwuh# dv# idodv# h# dv# ohjhq0
gdv#fruuhvsrqghqwhv1#Sduhfh#txh#r#mhlwr#É#ghvlv0
wlu#rx#hqwÃr#surfxudu#rxwur#dutxlyr#gh#ohjhqgdv1
R# sureohpd# whp# vroxÇÃrB# KÁ# dojxpd# ox}#
qr# ilp# gr# wÚqhoB# Ehp/# vh# yrfÊ# É# xvxÁulr# gr#
PSod|hu/# xp# grv# judqghv/# vhqÃr# r# phokru# sur0
judpd# sdud# yhu# ilophv# gr# pxqgr# rshq# vrxufh/#
hqwÃr#vhxv#sureohpdv#hvwÃr#suÓ{lprv#gh#fkhjd0
uhp#d#xp#ilqdo#ihol}1#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 83
WXWRULDO#—#VLQFURQL]DQGR#OHJHQGDV#FRP#R#PSOD\HU

H# qhp# É# suhflvr# qhqkxpd# ihuudphqwd# h{0 Pdv#r#txh#wxgr#lvvr#whp#d#yhu#frp#r#phx#


wud1#©#vÓ#gljlwdu#dojxpdv#rsÇÕhv#d#pdlv1#Pdv#dq0 ilophB
whv# glvvr/# ydprv# yhu# xp# srxfr# gh# whruld/# sdud# ©# vlpsohv1# Hoh# qhfhvvduldphqwh# whp# xpd#
idflolwdu#d#frpsuhhqvÃr#gr#txh#suhflvdprv#id}hu1 wd{d#gh#txdgurv#ghilqlgd#shod#shvvrd#txh#r#jh0
urx1#QÃr#ph#uhilur#dr#hvwÚglr#txh#surgx}lx#r#ilo0
Wd{dv#gh#Txdgur ph/# pdv# d# txhp# gljlwdol}rx# h# frqyhuwhx# r# iloph#
sdud# [ylg# rx# Gly[1# Gxudqwh# hvvh# surfhvvr# gh#
Frqiruph# yrfÊ# ghyh# vdehu/# xp# iloph# É# jhudÇÃr#gr#iloph#gljlwdo#É#srvvÍyho#hvfrokhu#d#wd0
xpd#vhtxÊqfld#gh#irwrjudildv#frp#lqwhuydorv#fxu0 {d#gh#txdgurv#+rx#iudph#udwh/#hp#lqjoÊv,1#
wÍvvlprv# hqwuh# fdgd# xpd1# Dr# yhu# hvvd# vhtxÊq0
fld/# d# ylvÃr# kxpdqd# %wudqvirupd%# dv# phvpdv# R# hvwÚglr# txh# surgx}lx# r# iloph# hvfrokhx#
hp# prylphqwr/# dwudyÉv# gr# ihqÔphqr# frqkhflgr# xpd#wd{d#gh#txdgurv#vhjxqgr#xp#sdguÃr1#Vh#r#
frpr#%shuvlvwÊqfld#gh#ylvÃr%/#h#É#dÍ#hqwÃr#txh#wh0 iloph# vh# ghvwlqd# dr# flqhpd# frqyhqflrqdo/# hvvd#
prv#r#sulqfÍslr#gr#flqhpd#h#gd#whohylvÃr1 wd{d# É# gh# 57# isv1# Vh# vh# wudwdu# gh# xp# GYG# fr0
pxp/# d# wd{d# vhuÁ/# sru# h{hpsor/# 63# isv# +qd# yhu0
Pdv# sdud# txh# wxgr# lvvr# ixqflrqh/# É# qhfhv0 gdgh/#5</<:#sdud#r#vlvwhpd#QWVF2P,1#Vh#iru#xp#
vÁulr#txh#kdmd#xp#pÍqlpr#gh#irwrv#sru#lqwhuydor# GYG#ghvwlqdgr#À#Hxursd/#58#isv1
gh# whpsr1# Vhp# lvvr/# d# vhqvdÇÃr# gh# prylphqwr#
qÃr#vh#gÁ1#Xpd#wd{d#gh#45#irwrv#d#fdgd#vhjxq0 Qr# prphqwr# gh# jhudu# r# dutxlyr# [ylg# rx#
gr# É# frqvlghudgr# r# pÍqlpr1# Pdv# frp# hvvh# yd0 Gly[/# srghu0vh0Á# hvfrokhu# rxwud# wd{d# gh# txd0
oru/# xp# iloph# qÃr# ilfd# uhdophqwh# erp/# kdyhqgr# gurv/#ghshqghqgr#gr#txh#vh#ghvhmd1
flqwlodÇÃr# gd# lpdjhp1# Dvvlp/# r# pdlv# frpxp# É# H#srutxh#dojxÉp#luld#dowhudu#d#wd{d#gh#txd0
xpd#wd{d#d#sduwlu#gh#57#irwrv#sru#vhjxqgr1 gurvB# Sru# txh# qÃr# ghl{du# vlpsohvphqwh# r# ydoru#
Hp#whpsr/#r#pdlv#fruuhwr#vhuld#gl}hu#%xpd# ruljlqdo#txh#r#hvwÚglr#ghilqlxB#
wd{d#gh#57#txdgurv#sru#vhjxqgr%/#rx#57#isv#+gr# H{lvwhp#dojxpdv#ud}Õhv#sdud#lvvr1#Sru#h{0
lqjoÊv#%iudphv#shu#vhfrqg%,1 hpsor/# xpd# wd{d# phqru# lpsolfd# hp# xp# dutxlyr#
H{lvwhp#dojxqv#sdguÕhv#gh#wd{d#gh#txdgur= phqru/# txh# srgh# rx# qÃr# fdehu# hp# xp# Úqlfr#
FG1#Rxwud#ud}Ãr#É#r#htxlsdphqwr#txh#ydl#vhu#xwl0
57#isv#0#É#xvdgr#qr#flqhpd#wudglflrqdo> ol}dgr#sdud#yhu#r#iloph1#R#vhx#frpsxwdgru#suryd0
58#isv#0#sdguÃr#xwlol}dgr#hp#whohylvÃr#qd#Hxursd> yhophqwh# frqvhjxh# h{lelu# r# iloph# fruuhwdphqwh#
63#isv#0#sdguÃr#gh#whohylvÃr#xwlol}dgr#qrv#HXD#h# frp# txdotxhu# wd{d/# pdv# r# vhx# GYG# sod|hu# wdp0
qr#Eudvlo eÉp#srghB
Hvvhv#ydoruhv/#hperud#%uhgrqglqkrv%#qd#wh0
ruld/# srghp# vriuhu# yduldÇÕhv# qd# suÁwlfd/# ghylgr#
dv#qhfhvvlgdghv#wÉfqlfdv/#txh#qÃr#ydprv#ghwd0 Wd{d#gh#Txdgur#{#Ohjhqgdv
okdu# dtxl1# Dvvlp/# sru# h{hpsor/# d# wd{d# gh# txd0 Djrud#txh#mÁ#vdehprv#xp#srxfr#vreuh#wd0
gurv#uhdo#xwlol}dgd#qd#WY#qrv#HXD#É#gh#5<1<:#isv# {dv# gh# txdgur/# ydprv# yhu# frpr# lvvr# lpsolfd# gl0
h# qr# Eudvlo# É# wdpeÉp# É# xp# ydoru# suÓ{lpr/# pdv# uhwdphqwh#qr#vlqfurqlvpr#gdv#ohjhqgdv1
txh# qÃr# É# h{dwdphqwh# ljxdo/# qhp# d# 63/# qhp# dr#
ydoru#xwlol}dgr#qrv#HXD1#+Fodur#txh/#hp#vh#wudwdq0 Vh# yrfÊ# frqvhjxlx# ph# dfrpsdqkdu# dwÉ#
gr# gh# dsduhokrv# gh# whohylvÃr/# hvvdv# glihuhqÇdv# dtxl/#ghyh#whu#hqwhqglgr#txh/#r#txh#ghwhuplqd#d#
qÃr# wud}hp# qhqkxp# sureohpd# srutxh# rv# flufxl0 whpsrul}dÇÃr#gh#xp#iloph#É#vxd#wd{d#gh#txdgur1#
wrv# ghvvhv# dsduhokrv# frqvhjxhp# vlqfurql}du0vh# Dvvlp/# sdud# vlqfurql}du# dv# ohjhqgdv# gr# iloph/# É#
dghtxdgdphqwh#frp#r#txh#É#wudqvplwlgr1#Pdv#lv0 qhfhvvÁulr# ohydu# hp# frqwd# hvvd# wd{d1# Vh# lvvr#
vr#É#rxwud#klvwÓuld,1 qÃr#iru#rehghflgr/#srghuhprv#whu#idowd#gh#vlqfur0
qlvpr#hqwuh#iloph#h#ohjhqgd1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 84
WXWRULDO#—#VLQFURQL]DQGR#OHJHQGDV#FRP#R#PSOD\HU

Hp# rxwudv# sdodyudv/# dv# ohjhqgdv# wÊp# txh# surgx}lprv#d#vhjxlu=


hvwdu#qd#phvpd#wd{d#gh#txdgurv#gr#iloph1#Fdvr#
frqwuÁulr111
Sod|lqj#Qr#Sodfh#Wr#Klgh1dyl1
H#vh#h{lvwhp/#shor#phqrv/#wuÊv#sdguÕhv#glv0 DYL#iloh#irupdw#ghwhfwhg1
wlqwrv#gh#wd{d#gh#txdgur#sdud#ilophv/#ohydqgr0vh# YLGHR=##^[YLG`##845{6;7##45ess##581333#isv#
hp#frqwd#txh#d#ohjhqgd#qÃr#irl#ihlwd#qhfhvvduld0 #;9617#nesv#+43817#ne|wh2v,
phqwh# sdud# r# dutxlyr# txh# yrfÊ# edl{rx/# kÁ# xpd#
judqgh# fkdqfh# gh# yrfÊ# whu# edl{dgr# d# ohjhqgd#
txh#qÃr#É#d#pdlv#dghtxdgd#sdud#vhx#iloph1# D# olqkd# txh# frphÇd# frp# d# sdodyud# YLGHR#
qrv# prvwud# dojxpdv# lqwhuhvvdqwhv# h# Úwhlv# lqiru0
H{lvwh# uhpÉglr# sdud# lvvrB# Fodur# txh# vlp$# pdÇÕhv1#Wudwd0vh/# qr# fdvr/# gh# xp# iloph# hp# iru0
VhqÃr#qÃr#whuÍdprv#jdvwr#qrvvr#whpsr#h#r#vhx# pdwr# [YLG/# frp# uhvroxÇÃr# 845{6;7# h/# r# txh#
frp#hvvh#duwljr$ uhdophqwh# hvwdprv# surfxudqgr/# xpd# wd{d# gh#
txdgurv#gh#581333#isv1#
R#Psod|hu#h#dv#Wd{dv#gh#Txdgur Djrud# mÁ# vdehprv# d# wd{d# gh# txdgurv# gh#
Urgdu#r#PSod|hu#d#sduwlu#gd#olqkd#gh#frpdq0 qrvvr#iloph1#Vh#dv#ohjhqgdv#txh#whprv#qÃr#wÊp#
gr# É# pxlwr# Úwlo1# Dv# lqirupdÇÕhv# txh# hoh# qrv# gÁ# hvvh#ydoru/#É#lpsruwdqwh#txh#idÇdprv#dojxpd#do0
qhvvh# prgr# vÃr# pxlwr# pdlv# frpsohwdv# gr# txh# whudÇÃr1# R# sureohpd# É# txh# glilflophqwh# r# dxwru#
dtxhodv# rewlgdv# d# sduwlu# gh# vxd# JXL1#Dvvlp/# yd0 gdv# ohjhqgdv# lqirupd# txdo# d# wd{d# gh# txdgurv#
prv#xwlol}du#d#olqkd#gh#frpdqgr#sdud#wxgr#r#txh# txh#hoh#xwlol}rx1#Dvvlp/#uhvwd0qrv#h{shulphqwdu1
whprv#txh#id}hu#dtxl1 Frpr#vÃr#dshqdv#wuÊv#srvvlelolgdghv/#vÓ#r#
Ydprv#sduwlu#sdud#d#suÁwlfdB#Hvfrokd#r#vhx# txh#whprv#d#id}hu#É#h{shulphqwdu#fdgd#xpd#gh0
iloph#h#pÃrv#À#reud1#Sdud#rv#h{hpsorv#d#vhjxlu/# odv1# R# PSod|hu# shuplwh# hvfrokhu# d# wd{d# gh# txd0
xwlol}hl# xp# hslvÓglr# gd# vÉulh# %Shuglgrv# qr# Hvsd0 gurv#gd#ohjhqgd#h#É#r#txh#ydprv#id}hu#djrud=
Çr%/#grv#dqrv#4<931#Qd#lqiÂqfld/#glyhuwl0ph#pxl0
wr# frp# hvvd# vÉulh# gh# ilfÇÃr# flhqwÍilfd# h/# &#psod|hu#%Qr#Sodfh#wr#Klgh1dyl%#0vxeisv#581333
uhfhqwhphqwh/#uhvroyl#uhyhu#wxgr#d#sduwlu#gh#dutxl0
yrv#[ylg#txh#frqvhjxl1#Reyldphqwh/#wlyh#sureoh0
pdv# frp# dv# ohjhqgdv# qr# lqÍflr1# Pdv# ydprv# dr# Qr#frpdqgr#dflpd/#hvshflilfdprv#xpd#wd0
txh#lqwhuhvvd1 {d#gh#58#isv/#dwudyÉv#gd#rsÇÃr#vxeisv1#Revhuyh#
txh#srghprv#frorfdu#ydoruhv#txheudgrv#h/#ghv0
Hp#sulphlur#oxjdu/#deud#xp#whuplqdo#h#urgh# vd#irupd/#id}hu#r#dmxvwh#ilqr1
r# PSod|hu/# sdvvdqgr# r# qrph# gr# dutxlyr# [ylg#
+rx# Gly[,# frpr# sduÂphwur1# Qr# phx# fdvr/# hp# Ghl{h# r# iloph# urodu1# Qr# lqÍflr# gr# iloph# É#
txh#r#dutxlyr#hud#r#%Qr#Sodfh#wr#Klgh1dyl%/#r#fr0 pdlv# gliÍflo# qrwdu# idowd# gh# vlqfurqlvpr1# Dvvlp/#
pdqgr#ilfrx#dvvlp= dydqfh#sdud#r#phlr#rx#phvpr#sdud#r#ilqdo#gr#ilo0
ph1#Sdud#lvvr/#xvh#d#whfod#Sdjh#Xs#wdqwdv#yh}hv#
txdqwdv# qhfhvvÁuldv1# Srgh# vhu# suryhlwrvr# whfodu#
&#psod|hu#%Qr#Sodfh#wr#Klgh1dyl% %R%# sdud# dwlydu# r# prvwudgru# gh# whpsr# gr# iloph1#
Qr#phx#fdvr/#dfkhl#pdlv#iÁflo#yhulilfdu#r#vlqfur0
Frp# hvvh# frpdqgr/# r# PSod|hu# qÃr# vÓ# lql0 qlvpr#ehp#suÓ{lpr#gr#ilqdo#gr#iloph/#r#txh#fru0
fld# d# h{lelÇÃr# gr# iloph/# frpr# wdpeÉp# prvwud# uhvsrqghx# d# fhufd# gh# 73# plqxwrv# +gh# xp# wrwdo#
xpd#vÉulh#gh#lqirupdÇÕhv#qd#whod#gr#whuplqdo1#R# gh#fhufd#gh#83/#txh#É#d#gxudÇÃr#gr#hslvÓglr#gh#
txh# qrv# lqwhuhvvd# hvwÁ# ehp# qr# lqÍflr/# r# txh# uh0 %Shuglgrv#qr#HvsdÇr%,1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 85
WXWRULDO#—#VLQFURQL]DQGR#OHJHQGDV#FRP#R#PSOD\HU

Frpr#ilfdudp#dv#ohjhqgdvB#HvwÃr#fruuhwdv# txh# vh# srgh# id}hu1# Srghprv# jhudu# xp# qryr# du0
djrudB#Vh#hvwlyhuhp/#yrfÊ#srgh#sduwlu#sdud#r#suÓ0 txlyr# gh# ohjhqgdv/# txh# mÁ# lqfrusruh# dv# dowhud0
ÇÕhv# hihwxdgdv# dwÉ# dtxl1# Dvvlp/# qÃr#
{lpr# lwhp# ghvwh# duwljr/# txh# wudwd# gd# jhudÇÃr# gh#
dutxlyr#gh#ohjhqgdv#mÁ#vlqfurql}dgdv1 suhflvduhprv# gd# rsÇÃr# vxeisv# gd# suÓ{lpd# yh}#
Vh# dv# ohjhqgdv# hvwÃr# dwudvdgdv/# ghyhprv# txh#iruprv#yhu#r#iloph1
glplqxlu# r# ydoru# gd# rsÇÃr# vxeisv1# Sru# h{hpsor/# D#rsÇÃr#gxpsvuwvxe#jhud#xp#dutxlyr#dowhu0
srghuÍdprv#hvshflilfdu#57#dr#lqyÉv#gh#581 qdwlyr# gh# ohjhqgdv# txh# mÁ# wud}# dv# dowhudÇÕhv# gh#
Qr# fdvr# gh# dv# ohjhqgdv# hvwduhp# dgldqwd0 whpsrul}dÇÃr#gh#ohjhqgdv#lqfrusrudgdv1#Hvshfl0
gdv#hp#uhodÇÃr#dr#iloph/#ghyhuhprv#dxphqwdu#r# ilfdqgr0vh# hvvd# rsÇÃr/# r# PSod|hu# fulduÁ# xp# du0
ydoru#d#vhu#sdvvdgr#shod#rsÇÃr#vxeisv1#Hp#qrv0 txlyr# ghqrplqdgr# gxpsvxe1vuw# qr# gluhwÓulr#
vr#h{hpsor/#r#suÓ{lpr#ydoru#vhuld#hqwÃr#5<1<:1 dwxdo=

Qd#pdlruld#grv#fdvrv/#mÁ#whuhprv#frqvhjxl0
gr#fkhjdu#d#txdvh#433(#gh#vlqfurqlvpr1#Vh#iru# &#psod|hu#%Qr#Sodfh#wr#Klgh1dyl%#0vxeisv#561<<#0
qhfhvvÁulr#xp#dmxvwh#pdlv#ilqr/#srghprv#dowhudu# gxpsvuwvxe
dshqdv# oljhludphqwh# r# ydoru# gd# rsÇÃr# vxeisv1#
Qr#phx#fdvr/#sru#h{hpsor/#yhuliltxhl#txh#d#ph0 Hp#vhjxlgd/#ydprv#uhqrphdu#r#dutxlyr#jh0
okru# vlwxdÇÃr# ilfdyd# frp# xp# ydoru# gh# 561<<# isv1# udgr/# gdqgr0okh# r# phvpr# qrph# gr# dutxlyr# fru0
QÃr# É# xp# ydoru# sdguÃr/# pdv# frpr# vh# wudwd# gh# uhvsrqghqwh# dr# iloph1# QÃr# srghprv# qrv#
dmxvwh#ilqr/#lvvr#qÃr#whp#pxlwd#lpsruwÂqfld1#H{sh0 hvtxhfhu/#sruÉp/#txh#r#dutxlyr#gh#ohjhqgdv#rul0
ulphqwh#yduldu#srxfr#gh#fdgd#yh}/#vhpsuh#revhu0 jlqdo# hqfrqwud0vh# qr# phvpr# gluhwÓulr1# Ghyhprv#
ydqgr# r# lqÍflr/# r# phlr# h# r# ilqdo# gr# iloph/# dwÉ# hqwÃr# uhqrphÁ0or# wdpeÉp# rx# holplqÁ0or# gh# yh}1#
fkhjdu#dr#phokru#uhvxowdgr1 Rswdprv#shod#sulphlud#rsÇÃr1#Rv#frpdqgrv#sd0
ud#lvvr#vhuldp=
Id}hqgr#r#Dmxvwh#gh#Irupd#Shupd0
qhqwh &#py#%Qr#Sodfh#wr#Klgh1vuw%#%Qr#Sodfh#wr#Klgh1#
Surqwr1#Djrud#txh#mÁ#whprv#r#ydoru#lghdo/#sr0 vuw1ruljlqdo%
ghprv# dvvlvwlu# qrvvr# iloph1# Pdv# dlqgd# kÁ# dojr# &#py#gxpsvxe1vuw#%Qr#Sodfh#wr#Klgh1vuw%

R# Gly[# É# xp# fr0 [ylG# É# xp# vriwzd0


ghf# gh# yÍghr# fuldgr# sh0 uh# olyuh# h# frghf# gh# yÍ0
od# Gly[/# Lqf1# fuldgr# ghr# PSHJ07# fÓgljr#
sdud#vhu#xvdgr#qd#frp0 dehuwr1# Irl# fuldgr# sru#
sdfwdÇÃr# gh# yÍghr# gljl0 xp# juxsr# gh# surjudpd0
wdo/# ghl{dqgr0rv# frp# txdolgdgh/# dshvdu# gd# dowd# gruhv# yroxqwÁulrv# ghsrlv# txh# r# RshqGly{# irl# ih0
frpsdfwdÇÃr/# xwlol}dgd# sdud# rfxsdu# phqrv# hv0 fkdgr#hp#mxokr#gh#53341
sdÇr# qr# glvfr# uÍjlgr1# ©# frpsdwÍyho# frp# Zlq0 [ylG# É# r# pdlru# frpshwlgru# gr# Gly[# +[ylG#
grzv/#Olqx{/#Vrodulv#h#Pdf#RV#[1# gh#wuÁv#sdud#iuhqwh,1#Hqtxdqwr#Gly[#whp#vhx#fÓ0
Rv# dutxlyrv# Gly[# hvwÃr# dpsodphqwh# suh0 gljr#ihfkdgr#h#fuldgr#sdud#urgdu#dshqdv#qr#Pl0
vhqwhv# qdv# uhghv# S5S/# ghylgr# dr# vhx# uhgx}lgr# furvriw# Zlqgrzv/# Pdf# RV# [/# h# Olqx{/# [ylG# whp#
wdpdqkr# h# À# erd# txdolgdgh# gh# lpdjhp1# Vxd# ol0 vhx#fÓgljr#dehuwr#h#srgh#urgdu#hp#txdotxhu#sod0
fhqÇd#É#Iuhhzduh1 wdirupd1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 86
WXWRULDO#—#VLQFURQL]DQGR#OHJHQGDV#FRP#R#PSOD\HU

Xpd#srvvlelolgdgh#lqwhuhvvdqwh#d#qrvvr#glv0 R#PSod|hu#É#judwxlwr#h#rshq#vrxufh/#h#hvwÁ#
sru# É# xvdu# rxwur# irupdwr# gh# ohjhqgdv1# R# glvsrqÍyho# sdud# yÁulrv# vlvwhpdv=# Olqx{/# Pdf# RV#
PSod|hu# srvvxl# vhx# suÓsulr# irupdwr# gh# ohjhq0 [#h#Zlqgrzv1#Hoh#srgh#vhu#edl{dgr#gluhwdphqwh#
gdv1# Sdud# jhudu# xp# dutxlyr# gh# ohjhqgdv# qhvvh# gh#vhx#vlwh#0#zzz1psod|hukt1kx#rx#gh#hvshokrv#
irupdwr/# edvwduld# hvshflilfdu# d# rsÇÃr# gxpsps0 h#uhsrvlwÓulrv#hvsdokdgrv#sru#wrgr#r#f|ehu#hvsd0
vxe#dr#lqyÉv#gh#gxpsvuwvxe1#R#dutxlyr#fuldgr#vh0 Çr1
uld# r# gxps1psvxe/# txh# ghyhuÁ# vhu# uhqrphdgr# Ilqdophqwh/#ohpeudprv#dr#ohlwru#txh#rv#du0
gd# phvpd# irupd1# Dshqdv# dwhqwh# sdud# d# h{whq0 txlyrv# gh# ohjhqgd# vÃr# dutxlyrv# wh{wr# frpxqv1#
vÃr# gr# phvpr/# txh# ghyhuÁ# vhu# qhfhvvduldphq0 Vh# qhfhvvÁulr/# srghuÃr# vhu# dehuwrv# hp# xp# hgl0
wh#psvxe1#Hvvh#irupdwr#gh#dutxlyr#gh#ohjhqgdv# wru#gh#wh{wr#txdotxhu#^ #Jhglw/#Nzulwh/#yl#hwf#0##h/#
whp/#frpr#ghvydqwdjhp/#r#idwr#gh#rxwurv#surjud0 hqwÃr/# prglilfdgrv# sdud# vh# frqvhjxlu# xp# dmxvwh#
pdv# h# phvpr# GYG0sod|hu*v# srghp# qÃr# dfhlwÁ0 pdlv# ghwdokdgr# gdv# ohjhqgdv1# Edvwd# deulu# r# du0
or1# txlyr# h# dqdolvÁ0or1# Idflophqwh# frqvhjxluhprv#
hqwhqghu# r# irupdwr# lqwhuqr# gr# phvpr# h/# hqwÃr/#
fruuljlu#rx#dowhudu#r#txh#vh#il}hu#qhfhvvÁulr1#Pdv#
lvvr#mÁ#É#dvvxqwr#sdud#rxwur#duwljr1

Sdud#pdlv#lqirupdÇÕhv=
Vlwh#Rilfldo#PSod|hu
kwws=22zzz1psod|hukt1kx

Vlwh#Rilfldo#[ylG
kwws=22zzz1{ylg1ruj
Iljxud#4=#Iloph#frp#dv#ohjhqgdv#vlqfurql}dgdv
Vlwh#Rilfldo#Gly[
kwws=22zzz1gly{1frp
FrqfoxvÃr
Ylprv#txh#r#phvpr#surjudpd#txh#qrv#shu0 JHUDOGR#P1#IRQWHV#MU#É#WÉfqlfr#hp#
plwh#yhu#qrvvrv#ilophv#[ylg#h#Gly[#suhihulgrv/#sr0 hohwuÔqlfd/#irupdgr#shor#dqwljr#FHIHI0PJ1#
Dsdl{rqdgr#sru#frpsxwdgruhv#txh/#gh#yh}#
gh#wdpeÉp#vhu#xvdgr#sdud#vlqfurql}du#ohjhqgdv# hp#txdqgr/#vh#phwh#d#hvfuhyhu#duwljrv#txh#
gh#irupd#ehp#vlpsohv1#R#Úqlfr#uhtxlvlwr#sdud#vh# qlqjxÉp#oÊ1
xwlol}du# ghvvh# uhfxuvr# É# vdehu# gljlwdu# frpdqgrv#
qd# olqkd# gh# frpdqgr# gr# Olqx{# rx# gh# txdotxhu#
txh#vhmd#r#vlvwhpd1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 87
PRELOH#—#PDHPR

Sru#Mrho#Whl{hlud

R#txh#h{dwdphqwh#É#r#PdhprB
Wudwd0vh#gh#xp#vlvwhpd#rshudflrqdo#edvhd0
gr# qd# glvwulexlÇÃr# Olqx{# Gheldq# h# ghvhqyroylgr#
shod#hpsuhvd#ilqodqghvd#Qrnld#sdud#glvsrvlwlyrv#
sruwÁwhlv1#Hqfrqwud0vh#dwxdophqwh#hp#vxd#txlqwd#
yhuvÃr/#wdpeÉp#frqkhflgd#sru#Iuhpdqwoh1

D#hyroxÇÃr#gr#vlvwhpd
Dshvdu# gd# hvwurqgrvd# qrwrulhgdgh# txh# r#
vlvwhpd# frqtxlvwrx# ghvgh# r# odqÇdphqwr# gr# Qr0
nld#Q<33/#É#xp#htxÍyrfr#shqvdu#txh#É#dojr#qr0
yr/#h{shulphqwdo#rx#lpdwxur1#R#Pdhpr#mÁ#hvwdyd#
gdqgr# vhxv# sulphlurv# sdvvrv# hp# 5338/# h# frpr#
txhp# mÁ# qdvfh# frp# pdqld# gh# judqgh}d/# irl# hp#
xpd# gdv# pdlruhv# flgdghv# gr# pxqgr# txh# vhx#
%qdvflphqwr%# irl# glyxojdgr1# Gxudqwh# r# %Ol0
qx{Zruog# Vxpplw%/# qd# flgdgh# gh# Qryd# Lrutxh/#
hp#58#gh#pdlr#gh#5338/#r#Lqwhuqhw#Wdeohw#Qrnld#
Q::3# wud}hqgr# d# sulphlud# yhuvÃr# gr# vlvwhpd# irl#
dqxqfldgr/# fkhjdqgr# dr# sÚeolfr# hp# qryhpeur#
gdtxhoh#phvpr#dqr1
Frpr#vxfhvvru#gr#Q::3/#wlyhprv#qr#lqÍflr#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 88
PRELOH#—#PDHPR

gh# 533:# r# Q;33/# frp# d# yhuvÃr# 6# gr# vlvwhpd1#


Irudp# dglflrqdgrv# qhvwh# prghor# r# vxsruwh# dr#

Irqwh=#kwws=22qgv41qrnld1frp2wxwruldov2vxssruw2joredo2skrqhv2::32hqjolvk2lqgh{1kwpo
Vn|sh/# fkdpdgdv# YrLS# vreuh# frqh{Õhv# ZODQ#
h# wud}ld# dlqgd# frqvljr# d# sulphlud# fÂphud# lqwh0
judgd# qrv# glvsrvlwlyrv# Pdhpr1# Glihuhqwhphqwh#
gr# Q::3/# hvwh# prghor# whyh# xpd# ylgd# pxlwr# fxu0
wd/#srlv#dlqgd#hp#533:/#hp#phdgrv#gh#rxwxeur/#
irl# dqxqfldgr# r# Q;43# frp# d# yhuvÃr# 7# gr# vlvwh0
pd# Pdhpr1# Hvvd# qryd# dwxdol}dÇÃr# lqwhjurx/#
dglflrqdophqwh#dv#ixqÇÕhv#flwdgdv#dflpd/#r#Jr0
rjoh#Wdon#h#JSV#lqwhjudgr1
Irqwh=#kwws=22hxursh1qrnld1frp2vxssruw2surgxfw0vxssruw2qrnld0q;330lqwhuqhw0wdeohw2ghprv

Iljxud#6=#Qrnld#::3

irupd/# srlv# dpsolrx# pdvvlydphqwh# r# vhx# sÚeol0


fr0doyr#dr#dglflrqdu#ixqÇÕhv#gh#whohirqh#hp#xp#
vlvwhpd# txh# dwÉ# hqwÃr/# uhvwulqjld0vh# Àv# ixqÇÕhv#
gh#xp#Lqwhuqhw#Wdeohw1#D#lqwhuidfh#juÁilfd#irl#frp0
sohwdphqwh# uhghvhqkdgd# h# r# qÚfohr# gr# vlvwhpd#
uhvsrqvÁyho#shod#vhqvlelolgdgh#h#uhvsrvwd#gd#wh0
od# irl# dsulprudgr/# id}hqgr# gd# fdqhwd# lqfrusrud0
gd# dr# dsduhokr/# dqwhv# hvvhqfldo/# xp# dfhvvÓulr#
Iljxud#4=#Q;33
pxlwdv#yh}hv#hvtxhflgr1
D# yhuvÃr# 8# gr# vlvwhpd# rshudflrqdo# Pdhpr# Frp# xp# surfhvvdgru# DUP# Fruwh{0D;/# 4#
É# d# pdlv# uhfhqwh# h# É# phvpd# xwlol}dgd# qr# Qrnld# JE#gh#phpÓuld#yluwxdo#+589#PE#UDP#.#:9;#PE#
Q<331# Hvwd# yhuvÃr# uhsuhvhqwd# wdpeÉp# r# sdvvr# Vzds,/#65#JE#gh#glvfr#+h{sdqvÍyhlv#d#97#JE,#h#
pdlv#lpsruwdqwh#ghvgh#r#odqÇdphqwr#ghvwd#sodwd0 dfhohudÇÃr# juÁilfd# frp# RshqJO# HV# 513/# d# Qr0
Irqwh=#kwws=22eorjv1qrnld1frp2qvhulhv2zs0frqwhqw2xsordgv2533<2432pdhprbphhwxsbeorjlpdjhb51msj nld# frqvhjxlx# xqlu# hp# shuihlwd# kduprqld# xp#
kdugzduh#srwhqwh#h#xp#vlvwhpd#pdgxur1#D#lqwhu0
idfh# gh# xvxÁulr# lqfoxl# xp# dpelhqwh# sdqruÂplfr#
frqwhqgr# txdwur# ghvnwrsv# wrwdophqwh# shuvrqdol0
}Áyhlv1# Hqwuh# dv# fxvwrpl}dÇÕhv# srvvÍyhlv# hvwÃr#
rv# dwdokrv# sdud# sÁjlqdv# qd# zhe/# frqwdwrv/# dsol0
fdÇÕhv# h# xpd# lqilqlgdgh# gh# zlgjhwv# iruqhflgrv#
dwudyÉv# gdv# dsolfdÇÕhv# glvsrqÍyhlv/# suryhqlhq0
whv# grv# uhsrvlwÓulrv# gd# frpxqlgdgh# rx# gd# ormd#
RYL1
R# Jhuhqfldgru# gh# Wduhidv# gr# Qrnld# Q<33#
lpsuhvvlrqd# d# wrgrv1# Xpd# vlpsohv# exvfd# sru#
%pxowlwdvnlqj#q<33%#hp#vlwhv#gh#yÍghr#frpr#\rx0
Wxeh# uhwruqduÃr# xpd# lphqvd# olvwd# gh# vfuhhq0
Iljxud#5=#Q<33 fdvwv# ghprqvwudqgr# wrgr# r# srghu# ghvwh#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 89
PRELOH#—#PDHPR

dsduhokr/#dojxqv#dsuhvhqwdqgr#d#h{hfxÇÃr#vlpxo0 wd#eoxhwrrwk#gr#dsduhokr#h#mrjdu#gluhwdphqwh#hp#
wÂqhd#gh#pdlv#gh#wulqwd#dsolfdÇÕhv1# vxd#WY#xwlol}dqgr#r#fder#gh#vdÍgd#DY#txh#dfrp0
Xp#glihuhqfldo#gh#vhx#Jhuhqfldgru#gh#Wduh0 sdqkd#r#surgxwr1
idv# É# d# ylvxdol}dÇÃr# hp# whpsr# uhdo# gd# wrgdv# dv# Pdv# yrfÊ# srgh# shujxqwdu=# 0# Yrx# mrjdu# r#
dsolfdÇÕhv# dwlydv1# YrfÊ# qÃr# rewÊp# dshqdv# xpd# txhB
olvwdjhp# gr# txh# hvwÁ# hp# h{hfxÇÃr/# pdv# vlp# r# H# d# uhvsrvwd# vhuÁ=# R# txh# yrfÊ# txlvhu1# R#
hvwdgr# uhdo# gr# yÍghr/# mrjr/# iodvk/# eurzvhu# h# r# Qrnld# Q<33# srvvxl# hp# vhxv# uhsrvlwÓulrv# hpxod0
txh#pdlv#ylhu#À#vxd#phqwh1#Wxgr#mxqwr#h#hp#whp0 gruhv#gh#Sod|vwdwlrq/#Qlqwhqgr#97/#Vxshu#Qlqwhq0
sr#uhdo1 gr/# Phjd# Gulyh# +Jhqhvlv,# hqwuh# yÁulrv# rxwurv1# H#
R#txh#srvvr#dfuhvfhqwdu/#frpr#xpd#h{shul0 yrfÊ#srgh#edl{du#d#URP#gh#txdotxhu#mrjr#ohjdo0
Êqfld# shvvrdo/# É# txh# yrfÊ# qÃr# whp# xpd# uhdo# phqwh# qd# Lqwhuqhw/# frqwdqwr# txh# srvvxd# r# mrjr#
lghld#gh#wrgd#yhuvdwlolgdgh#rihuhflgd#sru#hvwh#pd0 ruljlqdo1
udylokrvr#vlvwhpd#dwÉ#r#prphqwr#hp#txh#r#xwlol0 Glihuhqwhphqwh# gh# rxwudv# sodwdirupdv/# rq0
}d1# Dvvlvwl# d# yÁulrv# yÍghrv# h# ol# yÁulrv# uhylhzv# gh#wxgr#whp#gh#vhu#fuldgr#gr#}hur/#dv#fdudfwhuÍv0
vreuh# r# dsduhokr/# pdv# srvvr# dilupdu# txh# qdgd# wlfdv# gr# vlvwhpd# Pdhpr# hp# frqmxqwr# frp# vxd#
txh#whqkd#ylvwr#dwÉ#krmh#idÇd#mxv#dr#vhx#srwhqfl0 ruljhp/# shuplwhp# txh# dsolfdÇÕhv# vhmdp# sruwd0
do1# Hp# vxpd/# srvvxlu# xp# Qrnld# Q<33# É# whu# xp# gdv#h#qÃr#qhfhvvduldphqwh#hvfulwdv#gr#}hur1#Lv0
frpsxwdgru#frqvljr/#d#txdotxhu#prphqwr/#hp#wr0 vr#jdudqwh#xp#fuhvflphqwr#h{srqhqfldo#gh#vxdv#
grv#rv#orfdlv1 dsolfdÇÕhv/# mÁ# txh# frqwdprv# frp# xpd# pluÍdgh#
gh# dsolfdÇÕhv# Olqx{# hvshudqgr# dshqdv# sru# xp#
Yhuvdwlolgdgh ghvhqyroyhgru# glvsrvwr# d# frpslodu# vhx# fÓgljr#
irqwh#sdud#Pdhpr#81
Hp# yluwxgh# gd# ruljhp# edvhdgd# qr# Olqx{# h#
vxd#hvwuxwxud#hp#fÓgljr#dehuwr/#r#Qrnld#Q<33#É# H#frpr#vh#d#txdqwlgdgh#gh#dsolfdwlyrv#glv0
xp# sudwr# fkhlr# sdud# kdfnhuv# +qr# vhqwlgr# foÁvvl0 srqÍyhlv# mÁ# qÃr# irvvh# r# vxilflhqwh/# rv# ghvhqyro0
fr#gd#sdodyud,#h#dghswrv#gr#GL\#+Gr#Lw#\rxuvhoi,1# yhgruhv# mÁ# srvvlelolwdp# krmh# d# h{hfxÇÃr# gh#
Hvwh#Úowlpr/#txh#srgh#vhu#wudgx}lgr#frpr#fIdÇd# dojxqv#dsolfdwlyrv#gr#Plfurvriw#Zlqgrzv#dwudyÉv#
YrfÊ#Phvprg/#wudwd0vh#gh#xp#whupr#uhodwlydphq0 gh# xpd# yhuvÃr# gr# %zlqh%# frpslodgd# sdud# r# Qr0
wh# frpxp# hp# jxldv# h# wxwruldlv# hqfrqwudgrv# qd# nld#Q<33#^ #surmhwr#dlqgd#hp#hvwÁjlr#lqlfldo/#pdv#
zhe# h# vljqlilfd# fuldu/# prglilfdu# rx# phokrudu# dojr# hp#uÁslgr#ghvhqyroylphqwr#0#H#qÃr#sÁud#sru#dÍ1#
sru# frqwd# suÓsuld1# Frpr# r# vlvwhpd# É# frpsohwd0 Irqwh=#kwws=22vwdwlf1pdhpr1ruj2vwdwlf2929f9597:9<g3444gheif96e9;56e;5:4g5:4gburyhub36ebvpdoo1msj

phqwh# dehuwr/# yrfÊ# srgh# dgdswÁ0or# frpsohwd0


phqwh# frpr# ghvhmdu1# Wxgr# É# srvvÍyho# ghqwur#
gdv# olplwdÇÕhv# gh# kdugzduh/# rqgh# r# Úqlfr# olplwh#
sdud#wdo#É#vhx#frqkhflphqwr#sdud#id}Ê0or1
Sdud# vh# whu# xpd# qrÇÃr# gr# txh# dfrqwhfh#
txdqgr#yrfÊ#xqh#xp#kdugzduh#srwhqwh/#xp#vlv0
whpd# dehuwr# h# xpd# frpxqlgdgh# hqjdmdgd/# wh0
prv# krmh# glyhuvrv# surmhwrv# txh# srvvlelolwdp#
uhfxuvrv# txh# mdpdlv# lpdjlqhl# vhuhp# ylÁyhlv# qr#
prphqwr# hp# txh# frpsuhl# phx# dsduhokr1# Dsh0
qdv# sdud# flwdu# xp# h{hpsor/# h# frqwhpsodqgr#
dtxhohv#txh#jrvwdp#gh#mrjrv/#É#srvvÍyho#frqhf0
wdu#xp#frqwuroh#gh#Sod|Vwdwlrq#6#xwlol}dqgr#d#sru0 Iljxud#7=#Pdhpr#hp#dÇÃr

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 8:
PRELOH#—#PDHPR

Srghprv# dlqgd/# frp# dmxgd# gr# %Hdv|# Gheldq%/#

Irqwh=#kwws=22lpdjh1fhooed}ddu1frp25<dh:3;904f3h07f<40d96;0<ide::iihh3i1msj
lqvwdodu# wrgd# xpd# glvwulexlÇÃr# yrowdgd# d# Ghvnwrs#
qr#Q<331
Txhu# whvwdu# xpd# rxwud# sodwdirupdB# R# Qr0
nld#Q<33#shuplwh#lvvr#wdpeÉp1#©#srvvÍyho#lqvwd0
odu# xp# jhuhqfldgru# gh# errw# h# lqvwdodu# pÚowlsorv#
vlvwhpdv# rshudflrqdlv# qhvvh# shtxhqr# qrwÁyho1#
Dojxpdv# rsÇÕhv# vÃr/# sru# h{hpsor/# Dqgurlg/#
Xexqwx/#Phu/#PhhJr/#Ihgrud#hqwuh#rxwurv1

Irqwh=#kwws=22wkhxqorfnu1frp2zs0frqwhqw2xsordgv253432372Qrnld0Q<3304Jk}1msj

Iljxud#8=#Q<33#h#Ryhuforfn

R# surfhvvdgru#DUP# Fruwh{0D;# gh# 933Pk}#


h{hfxwd# frp# wudqtxlolgdgh# qÃr# xpd/# pdv# yÁuldv#
dsolfdÇÕhv# hp# sdudohor1# Pdv# ghqwur# gd# ilorvrild#
gr#txdqwr#pdlv#phokru/#pxlwrv#xvxÁulrv/#lqfoxvl0
yh# hx/# id}hp# xp# ryhuforfnlqj# qr# surfhvvdgru#
gr#dsduhokr1#Rv#pdlv#rxvdgrv#whp#d#rsÇÃr#gh#oh0
ydu# r# surfhvvdgru# dwÉ# 41483# Pk}/# pdv# shvvrdo0
phqwh/# qÃr# uhfrphqgr# sdvvdu# gh# 4# Jk}1# Qrwh#
txh#dshvdu#gh#srvvÍyho/#hvwh#qÃr#É#xp#surfhgl0
phqwr# uhfrphqgÁyho/# h# vh# h{hfxwdgr/# ghyh# vhu#
ihlwr#vre#vxd#suÓsuld#frqwd#h#ulvfr1#

Dsolfdwlyrv
Hvvh# É# xp# srqwr# pxlwr# lpsruwdqwh/# srlv#
qÃr#lpsruwd#r#txÃr#h{fhohqwh#vhmd#d#vxÍwh#gh#dsol0
fdwlyrv#suÉ0lqvwdodgd#qr#dsduhokr1#Pxlwrv#xvxÁul0
rv# srvvxhp# qhfhvvlgdghv# hvshfÍilfdv# h# hvwdv#
ghyhp#vhu#vxsulgdv#sdud#jdudqwlu#xpd#h{shulÊq0
fld# frpsohwd# frp# r# glvsrvlwlyr1# Qhvwh# txhvlwr/#
pdlv#xpd#yh}#r#Qrnld#Q<33#vh#ghvwdfd/#vhmd#yr0
fÊ#xp#ghvhqyroyhgru#txhuhqgr#xp#dpelhqwh#sru0
Iljxud#9=#Q<33

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 8;
PRELOH#—#PDHPR

wÁwlo#sdud#wudedokdu#frp#vxdv#dsolfdÇÕhv/#xp#h{h0 gh#vhuhp#surprylgrv
fxwlyr#exvfdqgr#lqwhjudÇÃr#frp#ihuudphqwdv#fru0 H{wudv0Ghyho=#Hvwdgr#lqlfldo#gh#ghvhqyroylphq0
srudwlydv/# xp# dgplqlvwudgru# gh# xp# dpelhqwh# gh# wr/#yrowdgr#d#ghvhqyroyhgruhv
WL#txh#qhfhvvlwh#dfhvvdu#uhprwdphqwh#vhxv#vhu0
ylgruhv# dwudyÉv# gh# YSQ# h#Whuplqdo# Vhuylfhv# sru# H{lvwhp# dlqgd# uhsrvlwÓulrv# gh# whufhlurv# fr0
h{hpsor1# Wdoyh}# yrfÊ# vhmd# xp# %jdphu%# txhuhq0 pr#Pr}lood/#MrlnxVsrw/#NRiilfh/#Hpxodgruhv/#hq0
gr# vh# glyhuwlu/# hvwdu# frqhfwdgr# qdv# pdlv# glyhu0 wuh# rxwurv1# Hvtxhfhqgr# xp# srxfr# rv#
vdv# uhghv# vrfldlv# vlpxowdqhdphqwh# h# id}hu# uhsrvlwÓulrv# txh# vÃr# pdqxdophqwh# dglflrqdgrv#
yÍghr#fkdpdgdv1#QÃr#lpsruwd/#hvwh#dsduhokr#vxu0 dr# Jhuhqfldgru# gh#Dsolfdwlyrv/# rv# xvxÁulrv# frq0
suhhqgh#rv#pdlv#yduldgrv#shuilv#gh#xvxÁulr1# wdp# dlqgd# frp# d# RYL# Vwruh# +ormd# gh# dsolfdwlyrv#
R# jhuhqfldphqwr# gh# dsolfdwlyrv/# frpr# hp# gd#Qrnld,/#txh#dshvdu#gr#qÚphur#dlqgd#olplwdgr#
txdotxhu# glvwulexlÇÃr# edvhdgd# hp# Gheldq/# É# ihl0 gh#dsolfdÇÕhv#h#gd#ydvwlgÃr#gh#flqxwlolwÁulrvg/#glv0
wr#dwudyÉv#gh#uhsrvlwÓulrv/#h#frp#xp#vlpsohv#fr0 srqlelol}d# dojxqv# wÍwxorv# h{wuhpdphqwh# srsxod0
pdqgr# yrfÊ# dwxdol}d/# gh# xpd# yh}# vÓ/# wrgrv# rv# uhv/# frpr# r# %Dqju|Elugv%/# %Erxqfh# Hyroxwlrq%/#
dsolfdwlyrv#lqvwdodgrv#sdud#vxdv#Úowlpdv#yhuvÕhv1# %Grfxphqwv#Wr#Jr%#h#r#qdyhjdgru#%IluhIr{%1#
D# dgplqlvwudÇÃr# grv# dsolfdwlyrv# srgh# vhu# ihlwd#
wdqwr# dwudyÉv# gh# xp# jhuhqfldgru# juÁilfr/# frpr#
yld#whuplqdo/#fdvr#vlqwd0vh#frqiruwÁyho#frp#dv#ol0 R#Ixwxur
qkdv#gh#frpdqgr1#Qhvwh#Úowlpr#fdvr/#É#qhfhvvÁ0 Qr#txh#gl}#uhshlwr#d#frqwlqxlgdgh#gr#surmh0
ulr# lqvwdodu# xp# dsolfdwlyr# fkdpdgr# %urrwvk%/# txh# wr# Pdhpr/# h{lvwhp# hvshfxodÇÕhv# h{dfhuedgdv/#
vhuyh# edvlfdphqwh# sdud# shuplwlu# dfhvvr# d# frqwd# surihfldv#dsrfdoÍswlfdv#h#r#pdlv#julwdqwh#vhqvdfl0
urrw#gr#vlvwhpd1 rqdolvpr1#D#vlwxdÇÃr#É#vlpsohv#h#ehp#iÁflo#gh#hq0
whqghu# vh# yrfÊ# exvfdu# lqirupdÇÕhv# qdv# irqwhv#
rilfldlv#h#qÃr#hp#vlwhv#txh#hvprodp#sdjhylhzv1
Irqwh=#kwws=22lpj:481lpdjhvkdfn1xv2lpj:482:6<;2q<33phhjr1msj

Irqwh=#kwws=22lpj:481lpdjhvkdfn1xv2lpj:482:6<;2q<33phhjr1msj

Iljxud#:=#Dss#Pdqdjhu

Rv# uhsrvlwÓulrv# gd# frpxqlgdgh# qÃr# vÃr#


Iljxud#;=#PhhJr#hp#xp#Q<33
kdelolwdgrv# sru# sdguÃr/# pdv# qÃr# ohyd# pdlv# gr#
txh# xp# plqxwr# sdud# id}Ê0or1# YrfÊ# srgh# hqfrq0 Sdud#txh#hqwhqgd0vh#phokru=#whprv#gh#xp#
wudu# idflophqwh# dv# lqirupdÇÕhv# qhfhvvÁuldv# hp# odgr#d#Qrnld#frp#r#vhx#vlvwhpd#Pdhpr/#gr#rx0
xpd# uÁslgd# shvtxlvd# qr# Jrrjoh# rx# dwudyÉv# gr# wur# d# Lqwho# frp# r# Preolq# h# xp# lqwhuhvvh# hp# fr0
sruwdo#froderudwlyr#%PdhprEudvlo1ruj%1 pxp=# d# h{sdqvÃr# gh# vxdv# sodwdirupdv1# D#
Rv#uhsrvlwÓulrv#gd#frpxqlgdgh#vÃr= ghflvÃr#gh#xqlu#dv#gxdv#sodwdirupdv#irl#hvwudwÉjl0
fd#h#dfhuwdgd1#Krmh/#srxfrv#phvhv#dsÓv#r#dqÚq0
H{wudv=#Pdgxurv#h#ghylgdphqwh#whvwdgrv flr/# mÁ# whprv# rxwudv# judqghv# hpsuhvdv#
H{wudv0Whvwlqj=#Qhfhvvlwdp#gh#pdlv#whvwhv#dqwhv#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 8<
PRELOH#—#PDHPR

lqyhvwlqgr#qr#surmhwr1#Hqwuh#hodv#d#EPZ#h#d#Qr0 Sdud#pdlv#lqirupdÇÕhv=
yhoo/# txh# pdqlihvwrx# lqwhqÇÃr# gh# qÃr# dshqdv#
Vlwh#Rilfldo#Pdhpr
dsrldu/#pdv#sduwlflsdu#dwlydphqwh#qr#ghvhqyroyl0
kwws=22zzz1pdhpr1ruj
phqwr#gr#surmhwr1
R#vlvwhpd#rshudflrqdo#Pdhpr#whp#vxd#frq0 Vlwh#gd#frpxqlgdgh#Pdhpr#Eudvlo
wlqxlgdgh#jdudqwlgd#h#frqiruph#lqirupdÇÃr#glyxo0 kwws=22zzz1pdhpreudvlo1ruj
jdgd# sru# %Tjlo%/# xp# grv# dgplqlvwudgruhv# gr#
%pdhpr1ruj%# h# ixqflrqÁulr# gd# Qrnld# pdwul}# hp#
MRHO#WHL[HLUD#É#whp#dwxdgr#qd#Áuhd#gh#
Khovlqnl# +IlqoÂqgld,1# Rv# sursulhwÁulrv# gh# xp# Qr0 Whfqrorjld#gd#LqirupdÇÃr#h#
nld# Q<33# whuÃr# dlqgd# d# rsruwxqlgdgh# gh# hvfr0 WhohfrpxqlfdÇÕhv#dr#orqjr#grv#rlwr#dqrv#
gh#vxd#fduuhlud1#Dfded#gh#uhwruqdu#gd#
okhu# hqwuh# Pdhpr# h# PhhJr/# rx# txhp# vdeh# dwÉ# Hxursd#rqgh#uhdol}rx/#gxudqwh#xp#dqr/#xpd#
dperv/#hp#gxdo#errw1 hvshfldol}dÇÃr#hp#WL#dwudyÉv#gd#
frqfhlwxdgd#%Gxeolq#Exvlqhvv#Vfkrro%#h#
Ohldp#pdlv#hp=#kwws=22wdon1pdhpr1ruj2vkrz0 dwxdophqwh#wudedokd#frpr#Dqdolvwd#gh#
RshudÇÕhv#qd#hpsuhvd#WRGR#ESR#h#
srvw1sksBs@85<3:6)srvwfrxqw@471 VroxÇÕhv#hp#Whfqrorjld1

Iljxud#<=#Olqkd#gr#whpsr

Irqwh=#kwws=22jdgjhwslolslqdv1ilohv1zrugsuhvv1frp2533<23<2wlpholqh1sqj

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 93
JHVW£R#GH#WL#—#FDFLF

FDFLF=#
LqvwdodÇÃr#gr#Vhuylgru
Sru#Oxl}#Jxlokhuph#Qxqhv#Ihuqdqghv

Fdurv# ohlwruhv/# phokru# gl}hqgr/# fdurv# Íqgl0


rv1# Fdopd$# Vrprv# gd# phvpd# wuler/# hvwrx# dtxl#
sdud# idodu# gr# Fdflf1# H# r# txh# whp# kdyhu# r# # Íqglr#
frp# d# vxd# ylgdB# Hvwd# gÚylgd# vhuÁ# hvfoduhflgd#
qr#ghfruuhu#gr#wh{wr1
Fdflf# +Frqiljxudgru# DxwrpÁwlfr# h# Frohwru#
gh# LqirupdÇÕhv# Frpsxwdflrqdlv,/# xp# Vriwzduh#
Olyuh#txh#irl#ghvhqyroylgr#shod#GDWDSUHY/##É#r#
sulphlur#vriwzduh#d#vhu#lqvhulgr#qr#vlwh#gr#Sruwdo#
gr# Vriwzduh# SÚeolfr# Eudvlohlur=#
kwws=22zzz1vriwzduhsxeolfr1jry1eu/# xp# vlvwhpd#
urexvwr/# fdsd}# gh# uhdol}du# frohwdv# dxwrpdwl}d0
gdv# gh# lqirupdÇÕhv# uhihuhqwh# d# Kdugzduh# h#
Vriwzduh#hwf1
R# Fdflf# srvvxl# 6# pÓgxorv=# PÓgxor# Jhuhq0
wh/# vhuylgru# uhvsrqvÁyho# shodv# frqiljxudÇÕhv# gr#
dpelhqwh# frpsxwdflrqdo/# frpr# fdgdvwurv/# vhoh0
ÇÃr#grv#fdpsrv#gh#frohwdv/#hwf>#PÓgxor#Djhqwh/#
folhqwh#lqvwdodgr#qdv#pÁtxlqdv#sdud#hqylr#gh#fr0
ohwd#sdud#rv#Jhuhqwhv#h#r#PÓgxor#vxshu0jhuhqwh/#
uhvsrqvÁyho#sru#lqwhjudu#dv#lqirupdÇÕhv#frqvrol0
gdgdv# hqwuh# Jhuhqwhv1# Hoh# vhuld# xpd# dpsoldÇÃr#
gr# sdutxh# frpsxwdflrqdo# frpr# xp# wrgr/# whfqr0
orjld#frqkhflgd#frpr#ZheVhuylfh1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 94
JHVW£R#GH#WL#—#FDFLF

Qd#iljxud#4/#xpd#uhsuhvhqwdÇÃr#vlpsohv#gr#
vlvwhpd# frp# :# pÁtxlqdv# folhqwhv# lqvwdodgdv#
GhidxowUrrw#
frp#r#Djhqwh#gr#Fdflf#h#xp#Vhuylgru#Jhuhqwh1
UhtxluhYdolgVkhoo#rii

Fulh#r#xvxÁulr#iwsfdflf#frp#r#2krph#shuvr0
qdol}dgr# h# shuplvvÕhv# gr# phvpr# sdud# d# sdvwd#
iwsfdflf=#

fdflf=&#dggxvhu#00vkhoo#2elq2idovh#00krph#
2ydu2zzz2iwsfdflf#iwsfdflf#>#pnglu#2ydu2zzz2iws0
fdflf2djhqwhv#>#fkrzq#iwsfdflf1iwsfdflf#
Iljxud#4=#Djhqwhv#h#Vhuylgru 2ydu2zzz2iwsfdflf2djhqwhv#

Frp#r#Fdflf#É#srvvÍyho#uhdol}du#frohwdv##gh# Hp# 2hwf2sks82dsdfkh52sks1lql# ghl{h# dv# ol0


lqirupdÇÕhv# vreuh# rv# frpsrqhqwhv# gh# Kdugzd0 qkdv#frqiruph#dedl{r=
uh# h# glvsrqlol}Á0odv# hp# xp# Úqlfr# vhuylgru1# Srv0
vxl# dohuwd# sdud# dowhudÇÕhv# uhdol}dgdv# hp# dojxp#
frpsrqhqwh#gr#frpsxwdgru#/#doÉp#gh#uhdol}du#fr0 uhjlvwhubjoredov#@#Rq
ohwdv#gh#lqirupdÇÕhv=#surjudpdv#lqvwdodgrv/#frp0 uhjlvwhuborqjbduud|v#@#Rq
sduwlokdphqwr/# uhgh# h# rxwudv# lqirupdÇÕhv1# huurubuhsruwlqj#@#HbFRPSLOHbHUURUHbUH0
Flwdqgr#frpr##h{hpsor#dv#lqirupdÇÕhv#gh#froh0 FRYHUDEOHbHUURUHbHUURUHbFR0
wd#gh#uhgh=#Pdf#Dgguhvv/#LS/#Jdwhzd|1 UHbHUURU
Vxd# xvdelolgdgh# idflolwd# h# fhqwudol}d# wrgdv#
dv# lqirupdÇÕhv# gr# sdutxh# frpsxwdflrqdo# h# dv# Uhlqlfldol}h#rv#VhuylÇrv/#Suriwsg#h#Dsdfkh=
glvsrqlelol}d#hp#xp#Úqlfr#vhuylgru1
Vhxv# uhtxlvlwrv# vÃr=# Vhuylgru# Zhe# Dsd0
fdflf=&#2hwf2lqlw1g2suriwsg#uhvwduw>
fkh/#Edqfr#gh#Gdgrv#P|vto/#Surfhvvdgru#gh##K|0
#2hwf2lqlw1g2dsdfkh5#uhvwduw#
shuwh{wr# SKS# h# xp# Vhuylgru# IWS/# +SurIWSG# rx#
yvIWSG,1#
Vhwh# d# shuplvvÃr# uhfxuvlyd# dr# xvxÁulr# gr#
Kxp$# Hvwrx# yhqgr# r# txh# Íqglr# ylurx# vhx#
dsdfkh# +zzz0gdwd,# sdud# d# sdvwd# fdflf5# ghqwur#
dpljr1# Txh# wdo# vderuhdu# xpd# lqvwdodÇÃr# gr# Fd0
gh#Grfxphqw#Urrw=
flf# Jhuhqwh+Vhuylgru,# qr# GheldqB# Vhjxh# dedl{r#
xp#wxwruldo#uÁslgr#gh#erovr1
LqvwdodÇÃr#grv#sdfrwhv#qhfhvvÁulrv= fdflf=&#fkrzq#0U#zzz0gdwd#2ydu2zzz2fdflf5#

H# sru# Úowlpr# ghvfrpsdfwh# r# Fdflf# txh# vh#


fdflf=&#dsw0jhw#0|#lqvwdoo#dsdfkh5#oledsdfkh50
hqfrqwud# qr# olqn# dedl{r/# ghqwur# gr# gluhwÓulr#
prg0sks8#sks80pfu|sw#sks80jg#sks80ghy#sks80
2ydu2zzz2fdflf5=
p|vto#p|vto0vhuyhu0813#sks8#suriwsg#
Rev=# Sdud# edl{du# É# qhfhvvÁulr# srvvxlu# fd0
gdvwur#qr#vlwh#gr#Vriwzduh#SÚeolfr#Eudvlohlur=
Qr# vhuylgru# IWS/# qr# dutxlyr# 2hwf2suriwsg2#
suriwsg1frqi/#lqvlud#rx#ghvfrphqwh#dv#olqkdv=#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 95
JHVW£R#GH#WL#—#FDFLF

kwws=22zzz1vriwzduhsxeolfr1jry1eu2grwouq2foxev2fd0
flf2iloh0vwrudjh2grzqordg2FDFLF05(5h70(5;Fx0
uxplq(5<0jhuhqwh05(5h7(5h7(5h:}Biloh(8ilg
@43:7<;78

Srvwhulruphqwh# deud# r# qdyhjdgru# h# frqwl0


qxh#d#lqvwdodÇÃr=#

kwws=22orfdokrvw2fdflf5

Qd# iljxud# 5/# xpd# uhsuhvhqwdÇÃr# gd# sÁjlqd#


sulqflsdo#gr#Vlvwhpd#Zhe#Fdflf/#lqirupdÇÕhv#fr0 Iljxud#6=#H0Flgdgh#0#Vriwzduh#glvsrqÍyho#qr#Sruwdo#gr#Vriwzduh#SÚeolfr

ohwdgdv#shor#Fdflf#Jhuhqwh1
Frpr# vrx# gd# phvpr# wuler/# whqkr# surfxud0
gr# idflolwdu# d# ylgd# grv# xvxÁulrv/# dgplqlvwudgruhv#
h##Íqglrv#frp#xp#vfulsw#433(#dxwrpdwl}dgr#txh#
srgh#vhu#edl{dgr#qr#olqn=

kwws=22zzz1vriwzduhsxeolfr1jry1eu2grwouq2foxev2fd0
flf2iloh0vwrudjh2grzqordg2vfulswbfd0
flfby4(5h5(5hwdu(5hj}Biloh(8ilg@4;55689:

Pdlruhv# gÚylgdv# h# lqirupdÇÕhv/# hqwuh# qd#


frpxqlgdgh#gr#Fdflf/#qr#olqn#dedl{r#rx#surfxuh#
r#Íqglr#pdlv#suÓ{lpr1
Iljxud#6=#H0Flgdgh#0#Vriwzduh#glvsrqÍyho#qr#Sruwdo#gr#Vriwzduh#SÚeolfr

kwws=22zzz1vriwzduhsxeolfr1jry1eu2grwouq2foxev2fd0
Qd# iljxud# 6/# xpd# uhsuhvhqwdÇÃr# gr# Fdflf# flf2rqh0frppxqlw|Bsdjhbqxp@3
Djhqwh/#r#pÓgxor#uhvsrqvÁyho#sru#hqyldu#dv#lqiru0
pdÇÕhv# sdud# r# vhuylgru/# wdpeÉp# whp# vxsruwh#
hp#vlvwhpdv#JQX2Olqx{1#

Frp# d# lpsohphqwdÇÃr# gr# Fdflf# É# srvvÍyho# OXL]#JXLOKHUPH#QXQHV#IHUQDQGHV#É#


irupdqgr#shod#Xqls#hp#Jhuhqfldphqwrv#gh#
d# uhgxÇÃr# gh# fxvwrv/# phokruldv# qr# vriwzduh# gh# Uhghv/#fxuvdqgr#DqÁolvh#h#ghvhqyroylphqwr#
irupd# txh# dwhqgd# vxdv# qhfhvvlgdghv/# ghylgr# gh#Vlvwhpdv#qd#Idmhvx1#Qrv#prphqwrv#
vhx#fÓgljr#irqwh#hvwdu#olehudgr#h#qÃr#wh#suhqghu# olyuhv#hvwxgd#h#vh#ghglfd#d#pÚvlfd1#Frqwdwr=#
qduxwrvslqdoCjpdlo1frp1
d#ihuudphqwdv#whufhlul}dgdv/#idflolwdqgr#d#ylgd#gr#
dgplqlvwudgru1#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 96
LQWHUQHW#—#SURFHVVR#HOHLWRUDO#QR#FJL

Fuhghqfldphqwr#gh#hqwlgdghv#
sdud#r#froÉjlr#hohlwrudo#gr#FrplwÊ#
Jhvwru#gh#Lqwhuqhw#ydl#dwÉ#36244
Sru#Ohdqgur#Fkhpdooh

Fkhjdprv# d# pdlv# xp# surfhvvr# hohlwrudo#


gr# FrplwÊ# Jhvwru# gd# Lqwhuqhw# qr# Eudvlo1# R#
surfhvvr# gh# jhvwÃr# gd# Lqwhuqhw# dwÉ# dtxl#
sudwlfdgr/# whp# vlgr# xpd# h{shulÊqfld# srvlwlyd#
txdqgr#revhuydprv#d#hvfrokd#grv#frqvhokhlurv#
R#FJL#irl#fuldgr#sdud# dwudyÉv# gr# yrwr# sru# hqwlgdghv# suhyldphqwh#
fdgdvwudgdv1#Hp#vxd#sursrvwd#lqlfldo/#r#FJL1eu#É#
frrughqdu#h#lqwhjudu# lqrydgru# h# ghyhprv# oxwdu# sdud# pdqwhu# hvvh#
sulqfÍslr1
wrgdv#dv#lqlfldwlydv# ©# idwr# txh# hvvd# h{shulÊqfld# srghuld# h#
gh#vhuylÇrv#Lqwhuqhw# ghyhuld# whu# dydqÇdgr# dlqgd# pdlv1# R# FJL1eu# É#
iuÁjlo# sru# qÃr# vhu# dlqgd# uhjxodphqwdgr# sru# ohl/#
qr#sdÍv/#surpryhqgr# dshqdv#sru#ghfuhwr1#

d#txdolgdgh#wÉfqlfd/# Ghqwuh# rv# sureohpdv# hqfrqwudgrv# qdv#


Úowlpdv# jhvwÕhv# whprv# txh# dv# sdxwdv# gr# FJL1eu#
d#lqrydÇÃr#h#d# vÃr#ihfkdgdv/#h#d#vrflhgdgh#eudvlohlud#qÃr#vdeh#
frpr# É# r# ixqflrqdphqwr# gd# lqvwlwxlÇÃr/# h# qd#
glvvhplqdÇÃr#grv# pdlruld# gdv# yh}hv# rv# suÓsulrv# frqvhokhlurv# qÃr#
lqirupdp# r# txh# dfrqwhfh1# Idowd# xpd# lqwhuidfh#
vhuylÇrv#rihuwdgrv1 pdlv# gluhwd# hqwuh# rv# uhsuhvhqwdqwhv# gr# whufhlur#
vhwru# h# d# vrflhgdgh# flylo# rujdql}dgd1# Rxwur#
srqwr# É# txh# %fdvd# gh# ihuuhlur111%/# r# pÍqlpr# txh#
vh# hvshud# É# txh# dv# uhxqlÕhv# gr# FJL1eu# irvvhp#
wudqvplwlgdv# dr# ylyr# shod# Lqwhuqhw/# idwr# txh# qÃr#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 97
LQWHUQHW#—#SURFHVVR#HOHLWRUDO#QR#FJL

dfrqwhfh1# Qhvvh# vhqwlgr# É# lpsruwdqwÍvvlpr# lqwhuhvvdgdv# hp# sduwlflsdu# gdv# hohlÇÕhv# gr#
wudedokdu#sdud#dydqÇdu#qhvvhv#srqwrv1# FrplwÊ# Jhvwru# gd# Lqwhuqhw# gr# Eudvlo# +FJlEu,#
Dv# judqghv# edwdokdv# gd# Lqwhuqhw# dlqgd# frpsrqgr# r# froÉjlr# hohlwrudo# sdud#
hvwÃr# sru# ylu1# Yhqfhprv# sdufldophqwh# h# uhsuhvhqwdqwhv# gr# Whufhlur# Vhwru# ghyhuÃr/# dwÉ#
ghuurwdprv#r#DL8#gljlwdo/#pdv#qrvvd#ylwÓuld#dlqgd# 36# gh# qryhpeur# gh# 5343/# suhhqfkhu# irupxoÁulr#
qÃr# hvwÁ# frqvrolgdgd1# Whprv# txh# dsurydu# r# qr# vlwh# +kwwsv=22uhjlvwur1eu2hohlfrhv0fj2fdgdvwur,#
pdufr# flylo# gd# Lqwhuqhw1# R# LFDQQ/# ÓujÃr# h# hqyldu# grfxphqwdÇÃr# sdud#
uhvsrqvÁyho# shod# glvwulexlÇÃr# grv# ffWOGv# +Wrs# hohlfdr5343Cfjl1eu1
Ohyho# Grpdlqv,# hvwÁ# lqlfldqgr# xp# surfhvvr# gh# Sdud# hvwduhp# dswdv# sdud# r# surfhvvr/# dv#
fuldÇÃr# gh# qryrv# WOGv/# gh# prgr# txh# hqwlgdghv# suhflvdp# whu# FQSM# h# pdlv# gh# 5# dqrv#
srghuhprv#whu#hp#xp#ixwxur#suÓ{lpr#hqghuhÇrv# gh# h{lvwÊqfld1# Wrgdv# dv# lqirupdÇÕhv# dglflrqdlv#
gh# Lqwhuqhw# hp# xp# irupdwr# frpr=# h# d# grfxphqwdÇÃr# frpsohwd# srghp# vhu# ylvwrv#
kwws=22pxqgr1gljlwdo# rx# kwws=22flgdgh1eudvlo# 1# D# qr#vlwh#gr#FJL1eu=#zzz1fjl1eu2hohlfdr53431
pdqhlud# frpr# r# FJL1eu# ydl# dgplqlvwudu# hvvh#
surfhvvr# dlqgd# hvwÁ# hp# dehuwr# h# É# xpd# Sdud#pdlv#lqirupdÇÕhv=
glvfxvvÃr#sdud#r#suÓ{lpr#pdqgdwr1 Vlwh#FJL1eu
kwws=22fjl1eu
Ghyhprv#hvwdu#dwhqwrv#sdud#jdudqwlu#txh#d#
Lqwhuqhw# vhmd# sÚeolfd/# h# qÃr# frqwurodgd# sru#
Vlwh#gd#HohlÇÃr#gr#FJL1eu
frusrudÇÕhv# txh# dphdÇdp# txheudu# r# sulqfÍslr#
kwws=22fjl1eu2hohlfdr5343
gd#qhxwudolgdgh#gd#uhgh1#
Qhvwh#vhqwlgr#É#qhfhvvÁulr#prelol}du#wrgdv# OHDQGUR#FKHPDOOH#É#gluhwru#gh#
FrpxqlfdÇÃr#gd#DvvrfldÇÃr#Eudvlohlud#grv#
dv#hqwlgdghv#frpsurphwlgdv#frp#d#olehugdgh#qd# Hvwxgdqwhv#gh#HDG/#plolwdqwh#gr#Sduwlgr#
uhgh#sdud#ghihqghu#d#Lqwhuqhw/#sdud#jdudqwl0od#gh# Sludwd#gr#Eudvlo#h#Frrughqdgru#gh#Zhe#gd#
prgr# yhugdghludphqwh# olyuh1# Sdud# lvvr/# dv# Xqlyhuvlgdgh#Ihghudo#gr#DEF1#Wzlwwhu=#
Cfkhpdooh#0#Eorj=#zzz1fkhpdooh1qhw#0#
rujdql}dÇÕhv# +vlqglfdwrv/# ihghudÇÕhv/# hqwlgdghv# Hpdlo=#ohdqgurCfkhpdooh1qhw
hvwxgdqwlv/# dvvrfldÇÕhv/# RQJv/# hwf,#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 98
HQWUHYLVWD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUF#ODSRUWH

Hqwuhylvwd#frp#Pduf#Odsruwh/#
fuldgru#gr#Wlnl#Zlnl
Sru#MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#Frvwd#MÚqlru

Uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh=#Dsuhvhqwh0vh# drv# R# Wlnl# É=# dsolfdÇÃr# zhe# fkhld# gh# uhfxuvrv/#
qrvvr# ohlwruhv1# Rqgh# yrfÊ# prud# h# hp# txdo# pxowl0lglrpd# +pdlv# gh# 68,/# wrwdophqwh# lqwhjudgr/#
Áuhd#yrfÊ#wudedokd#dwxdophqwhB wxgr# hp# xp# +doo0lq0rqh,# h# vriwzduh# olyuh#
Pduf#Odsruwh=#Phx#qrph#É#Pduf#Odsruwh#h# Zlnl.FPV.Jurxszduh1# Wlnl# srgh# vhu# xwlol}dgr#
prur#hp#Prqwuhdo/#qr#FdqdgÁ1#Ghvgh#5336/#ph# sdud#fuldu#wrgrv#rv#wlsrv#gh#dsolfdÇÕhv#zhe/#vlwhv/#
ghglfr#lqwhjudophqwh#dr#Wlnl1 sruwdlv/# edvh# gh# frqkhflphqwr/# lqwudqhwv# h#
h{wudqhwv1# Dv# whfqrorjldv# vxemdfhqwhv# vÃr#
SKS2P|VTO2]hqg#Iudphzrun2Vpduw|2mTxhu|1#
UHO=# Dsuhvhqwh# r# Wlnl# Zlnl1# R# txh# Wlnl#
Zlnl#vljqlilfdB
UHO=# Frpr# vxujlx# d# lghld# gh# fuldu# xp#
PO=# D# sdodyud# Wlnl# srgh# vljqlilfdu# pxlwdv# FPVB#Wlnl#Zlnl#É#edvhdgr#hp#rxwur#FPVB
frlvdv1# Qrupdophqwh/# uhihuh0vh# À# fxowxud#Wlnl# rx#
À# hpedufdÇÃr# Nrq0Wlnl1# R# qrph# rilfldo# gr# PO=#R#Wlnl#irl#lqlfldgr#hp#53351#Hperud#qÃr#
surmhwr# É# %Wlnl# Zlnl# FPV# Jurxszduh%1# R# vh# edvhlh# hp# rxwur# FPV/# id}hprv# xp# erp# xvr#
edfnurq|p# É# Wljkwo|# Lqwhjudwhg# Nqrzohgjh# gh# frpsrqhqwhv# glvsrqÍyhlv/# frpr# Vpduw|1# Rv#
Lqiudvwuxfwxuh# +%Lqiud0hvwuxwxud# gh# Frqkhflphqwr# ixqgdgruhv# txhuldp# xp# FPV# wrwdophqwh# judwxlwr/#
Dowdphqwh#Lqwhjudgd%,1 vhp#uhvwulÇÕhv#gh#olfhqÇd#h#frp#xpd#olvwd#hqruph#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 99
HQWUHYLVWD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUF#ODSRUWH

gh#uhfxuvrv#^ #wxgr#hp#xp#sdfrwh1 lqwhjudgrv# qxp# Úqlfr# orfdo# É# phokru# txh# r#


Xpd#hqwuhylvwd#frqfhglgd#txdqgr#Wlnl#irl#r# prghor# gh# ghvhqyroylphqwr# edvhdgr# hp#
%Surmhwr#gr#PÊv%#qr#VrxufhIrujh1qhw#/#hp#Mxokr# h{whqvÕhv1# H/# whqgr# wxgr# mxqwr# qxp# phvpr#
gh# 5336/# rihuhfh# xpd# shuvshfwlyd# klvwÓulfd# orfdo/# É# srvvÍyho# id}hu# dowhudÇÕhv# gh# pdqhlud#
lqwhuhvvdqwh=# kwws=22vrxufhirujh1qhw2srwp2srwp0 pdlv#uÁslgd#h#dwlqjlu#judxv#pdlruhv#gh#lqwhudÇÃr#
533603:1sks1 hqwuh# rv# uhfxuvrv1# ©# fodur# txh# qrvvr# prghor#
whp# vhxv# ghvdilrv# +wdpdqkr# gr# fÓgljr# É#
judqgh/# pdlru# fxuyd# gh# dsuhqgl}djhp/# qÚphur#
UHO=# Txdlv# vÃr# dv# glihuhqÇdv# hqwuh# r# judqgh# gh# rsÇÕhv# qr# sdlqho# gh# dgplqlvwudÇÃr/#
Wlnl# Zlnl# h# rxwurv# FPVvB# Txdo# É# r# sÚeolfr0 judqgh#hviruÇr#sdud#odqÇdu#qrydv#yhuvÕhv/#hwf1,/#
doyr#gr#Wlnl#ZlnlB pdv# qÓv# suhihulprv# olgdu# frp# hvvdv# txhvwÕhv#
gr# txh# frp# sureohpdv# gh# ghshqgÊqfld/#
PO=# Wlnl# É# d# dsolfdÇÃr# zhe# gh# fÓgljr#
glihuhqwhv#h{whqvÕhv#txh#id}hp#d#phvpd#frlvd/#
dehuwr# frp# r# pdlru# qÚphur# gh# uhfxuvrv#
flforv# gh# uhohdvh# pdlruhv# sdud# idflolwdu# d#
lqwhjudgrv1
dwxdol}dÇÃr#gdv#h{whqvÕhv#hwf1
FrprB# Hp# srxfdv# sdodyudv/# %vriwzduh#
Sru#h{hpsor/#qÓv=
fuldgr# gd# pdqhlud# zlnl%1#D# ZlnlsÉgld# id}# xvr# gd#
pdqhlud# zlnl# sdud# frqvwuxlu# frqkhflphqwr# olyuh1# 0#dglflrqdprv#xp#vlvwhpd#gh#exvfd#sdud#dv#
Hvwdprv# id}hqgr# dojr# vlplodu/# pdv# sdud# pdlv#gh#4333#+$,#suhihuÊqfldv#h#frqiljxudÇÕhv#
frqvwuxlu#xpd#dsolfdÇÃr#zhe1 qdv#yÁuldv#sÁjlqdv#gr#sdlqho#gh#dgplqlvwudÇÃr>
0#DshuihlÇrdprv#qrvvr#surfhvvr#gh#odqÇdphqwr#
R#prghor#Wlnl#É#frpsrvwr#sru=
gh#qrydv#yhuvÕhv>
0#Frpxqlgdgh#zlnl#+gr0rfudf|,> 0#Ghvhqyroyhprv#xp#vlvwhpd#gh#shuilv#sdud#txh#
0#Fxowxud#zlnl#dsolfdgd#dr#prghor#gh# rv#dgplqlvwudgruhv#srvvdp#hvfrokhu#glihuhqwhv#
ghvhqyroylphqwr#+pdlv#gh#733#shvvrdv#frp# vhohÇÕhv#gh#suhihuÊqfldv#suÉ0frqiljxudgdv#h#
dfhvvr#gh#hvfulwd#dr#uhsrvlwÓulr#fhqwudo,> qÃr#suhflvhp#qdyhjdu#sru#wrgdv#dv#sÁjlqdv#gr#
0#OdqÇdphqwrv#gh#qrydv#yhuvÕhv#djhqgdgrv#+5# sdlqho#gh#dgplqlvwudÇÃr1#
uhohdvhv#sulqflsdlv#sru#dqr,>
0#Wrgr#r#fÓgljr#lqwhjudgr#qxp#Úqlfr#orfdo#+4# D# pdlruld# grv# shuilv# É# dgplqlvwudgd# sru#
333#333#olqkdv#gh#fÓgljr/#frp#wxgr#lqfoxÍgr1# phlr# gh# sÁjlqdv# zlnl# h# txdwur# shuilv# vÃr#
Fdgd#uhfxuvr#É#rsflrqdo,1#Frp#lvvr/#rv#uhohdvhv# rilfldophqwh#vxsruwdgrv#shod#frpxqlgdgh=#
wÊp#txh#vhu#vlqfurql}dgrv#+wrgrv#rv#qryrv#
41#Eorj#shvvrdo#h#shuilo=#eorj#rx#vlwh#shvvrdo>
uhfxuvrv#h#phokruldv#suhflvdp#hvwdu#surqwrv#dr#
51#Vlwh#sdud#shtxhqd#rujdql}dÇÃr=#Vlvwhpd#gh#
phvpr#whpsr,>
sxeolfdÇÃr#frp#Áuhd#sdud#frqwhÚgrv#jhudgrv#
0#Pxlwrv#uhfxuvrv/#pdv#qhqkxpd#gxsolfdÇÃr#
shorv#xvxÁulrv/#pdv#frp#fodud#glihuhqÇd#hqwuh#r#
+qxp#zlnl/#frqwhÚgr#vlploldu#rx#uhodflrqdgr#É#
txh#É#rilfldo#h#r#txh#irl#jhudgr#shod#frpxqlgdgh>
ixqglgr1#R#phvpr#vh#dsolfd#drv#uhfxuvrv#gr#
61#Frpxqlgdgh#froderudwlyd=#shuilo#gh#xvxÁulrv/#
Wlnl,>
froderudÇÃr/#xvxÁulrv#uhjlvwudgrv>
0#Grjirrg#+Wlnl#É#xpd#frpxqlgdgh#txh#
71#Lqwudqhw#gh#xpd#hpsuhvd=#froderudÇÃr#hqwuh#
ghvhqyroyh#uhfxuvlydphqwh#xp#vlvwhpd#sdud#
d#htxlsh#frp#dfhvvr#uhjlvwudgr>#xvxÁulrv#qÃr#
jhuhqfldphqwr#gh#frpxqlgdghv,>
srghp#vh#uhjlvwudu1
0#Frpxqlgdgh#h{wuhpdphqwh#dehuwd1#Wxgr#É#
glvfxwlgr1#DwÉ#phvpr#hvvd#hqwuhylvwd#irl#
frqvwuxÍgd#frp#dmxgd#gd#frpxqlgdgh1# Hp# xp# vriwzduh# edvhdgr# qr# prghor# gh#
xp# qÚfohr# h# h{whqvÕhv/# r# qÚfohr# suhflvd#
Shqvdprv# txh# whu# wrgrv# rv# uhfxuvrv# hvshudu# xp# whpsr# sdud# txh# dv# h{whqvÕhv#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 9:
HQWUHYLVWD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUF#ODSRUWH

glvsrqÍyho#qr#uhsrvlwÓulr#fhqwudo1#Vh#yrfÊ#txlvhu#
lqyhvwlu# qr# Wlnl/# d# phokru# pdqhlud# É# frqwudwdu#
phpeurv# gd# frpxqlgdgh# sdud# vxsruwh/#
wuhlqdphqwr/# hwf1# h# ilqdqfldu# r# ghvhqyroylphqwr#
gh# qryrv# uhfxuvrv# +gluhwdphqwh# qr# fÓgljr# gr#
vriwzduh,1#YrfÊ#wdpeÉp#srgh#id}hu#xpd#grdÇÃr#
sdud# r# Wlnl# Vriwzduh# Frppxqlw|# Dvvrfldwlrq1#
Ghwdokhv#hp#kwws=22wlnl1ruj2Olfhqvh1

UHO=# H{lvwh# xpd# hpsuhvd# txh# rihuhfh#


vhuylÇrv# gh# dsrlr# rilfldo# sdud# r# surgxwrB#
Txdo#É#h#sru#txh#rv#xvxÁulrv#ghyhp#hvfrokÊ0
odB
Iljxud#4=#Vlwh#gr#WlnlZlnl PO=# QÓv# whprv# xpd# %derugdjhp# gh#
fÓgljr# dehuwr# frpxqlwÁulr%1# Dvvlp/# whprv# xp#
srvvdp# vhu# dwxdol}dgdv1# R# Wlnl# whp# xp# flfor# gh# qÚphur# judqgh# gh# frqvxowruhv# glvsrqÍyhlv# sdud#
uhohdvhv# pdlv# uÁslgr# +vh# frpsdudgr# frp# vhuhp# frqwudwdgrv1# D# hvfrokd# gdv# shvvrdv#
dsolfdÇÕhv# vhphokdqwhv,# h{dwdphqwh# srutxh# ghshqgh# gr# wlsr# gh# surmhwr# rx# dilqlgdghv#
qÃr#suhflvdprv#qrv#suhrfxsdu#hp#txheudu/#frp# glyhuvdv# +orfdol}dÇÃr/# lglrpd/# hwf1,1# Pdlv#
xpd#qryd#yhuvÃr/#dv#h{whqvÕhv1 lqirupdÇÕhv#hp#kwws=22lqir1wlnl1ruj2Frqvxowdqwv1
D#pdlruld#grv#FPVv#qÃr#whp#xp#srghurvr#
zlnl# +d# pdlru# hylgÊqfld# É# txh# hohv# qÃr# xvdp#
grjirrg,1# H# d# pdlruld# grv# Zlnlv# qÃr# srvvxl# UHO=# Frpr# É# vxd# uhodÇÃr# frp# d#
dojxqv# lpsruwdqwhv# uhfxuvrv# gh# xp# FPV# +h{=# frpxqlgdgh#rshq#vrxufhB
vlvwhpd#gh#whpsodwhv,1#R#Wlnl#É#xpd#gdv#srxfdv# PO=# QÓv# xvdprv# glyhuvrv# surmhwrv# gh#
vroxÇÕhv# txh# rihuhfh# rv# grlv# ghvgh# r# frphÇr1# fÓgljr# dehuwr=# SKS/# P|VTO/# ]hqg# Iudphzrun/#
QÃr# h{lvwh# xp# olplwh# sdud# r# txh# r# Wlnl# srgh# mTxhu|/# Vpduw|# h# pxlwrv# rxwurv1# Txdqgr#
id}hu1# Sru# h{hpsor/# qd# yhuvÃr# 813# gr# Wlnl/# irl# qhfhvvÁulr/# frqwulexÍprv# frp# fruuhÇÕhv# sdud#
dglflrqdgr#r#uhfxuvr#vkrsslqj#fduw#h#h{lvwh#xpd# hvvhv#surmhwrv1#Yhmd#hp#kwws=22wlnl1ruj2WlnlSduwqhu1
glvfxvvÃr# sdud# dglflrqdu# xpd# lqwhuidfh# sdud#
frqwdelolgdgh1# Lvvr# vljqlilfd# txh# sudwlfdphqwh#
txdotxhu# shvvrd# frp# xp# surmhwr# zhe# ghyh# UHO=# Qr# sdvvdgr/# pxlwrv# FPVv# ilfdudp#
fkhfdu#r#Wlnl1 frqkhflgrv# sru# sureohpdv# gh# vhjxudqÇd1#
Frpr#r#Wlnl#Zlnl#olgd#frp#hvvd#txhvwÃrB
PO=# VhjxudqÇd# É# xp# fdpsr# dpsor# h# rv#
UHO=# Txdo# d# olfhqÇd# xwlol}dgd# shor# Wlnl#
ulvfrv# ghshqghp# gr# xvr1# Qr# fdvr# gh# xpd#
ZlnlB# H{lvwh# xpd# yhuvÃr# frusrudwlydB# Txdlv#
frpxqlgdgh# dehuwd/# É# lpsruwdqwh# surwhjhu# rv#
vÃr# rv# suhÇrvB# Txdlv# vÃr# dv# glihuhqÇdv#
xvxÁulrv#xp#grv#rxwurv#+h{1=#glihuhqwhv#qÍyhlv#gh#
hqwuh#dv#yhuvÕhv#frpxqlwÁuld#h#frusrudwlydB
sulyloÉjlr,1# Sru# rxwur# odgr/# qr# fdvr# gh# xp# vlwh#
PO=#Wlnl#xvd#OJSO#5141 eurfkxuhzduh/#h{lvwh#dshqdv#xp#shtxhqr#juxsr#
QÃr# kÁ# qhqkxpd# yhuvÃr# %frusrudwlyd%1# gh# hglwruhv1# Xpd# lqvwdodÇÃr# sdguÃr# gr#Wlnl# yhp#
Hperud# d# olfhqÇd# É# shuplvvlyd# hp# whuprv# gh# frp# d# pdlruld# grv# uhfxuvrv# ghvoljdgrv# h# frp#
lqwhjudÇÃr# frp# dsolfdÇÕhv# frphufldlv/# d# fxowxud# dv# rsÇÕhv# pdlv# vhjxudv# pdufdgdv1# Rv#
gd# frpxqlgdgh# É# frpsduwlokdu# wrgr# r# fÓgljr# dgplqlvwudgruhv# wÊp# xp# sdlqho# ghglfdgr#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 9;
HQWUHYLVWD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUF#ODSRUWH

h{foxvlydphqwh# À# vhjxudqÇd/# qr# txdo# srghp#


vhohflrqdu# dojxpdv# rsÇÕhv# d# ghshqghu# gr# xvr#
gh#vhx#vlwh1
©#pxlwr#lpsruwdqwh#txh#rv#dgplqlvwudgruhv#
srvvdp# dwxdol}du# udslgdphqwh# r# vriwzduh# rx#
ghvoljdu# r# uhfxuvr# txh# dsuhvhqwd# dojxpd#
yxoqhudelolgdgh1# R# prghor# gh# whu# wrgrv# rv#
uhfxuvrv# qxp# Úqlfr# sdfrwh# id}# frp# txh# vhmd#
pdlv#iÁflo#dwxdol}du1#Dgplqlvwudgruhv#gh#vlwhv#vÃr#
qrwlilfdgrv# txdqgr# xpd# qryd# yhuvÃr# hvwÁ#
glvsrqÍyho# qr# sdlqho# gh# dgplqlvwudÇÃr# +hvvh# Iljxud#5=#WlnlZlnl#0#pdlv#gh#4333#frqiljxudÇÕhv#h#rsÇÕhv#hp#vhx#
uhfxuvr# srgh# vhu# ghvoljdgr,1# Frpr# sduwh# grv# sdlqho#gh#frqwuroh
surfhglphqwrv# dqwhv# gh# xpd# qryd# yhuvÃr/# qÓv#
yhulilfdprv# vh# fdgd# dutxlyr# h{hfxwÁyho# yhulilfd# UHO=#D#txhp#yrfÊ#qÃr#hqfrudmd#d#xvdu#r#
uhfxuvrv# h# shuplvvÕhv# 0# vhpsuh# shuplwlqgr# dr# Wlnl#ZlnlB
dgplqlvwudgru# ghvdelolwdu# r# uhfxuvr# yxoqhuÁyho#
PO=#R#Wlnl#É#iruwh#hp#grlv#srqwrv=
dqwhv# gh# dwxdol}du# rx# vhp# whu# txh# wludu# r# vlwh# gr#
du1 41#Vh#yrfÊ#whp#xp#surmhwr#frpsoh{r#h#txhu#whu#
wrgdv#dv#sduwhv#ehp#lqwhjudgdv1#
Sru# sdguÃr/# wdjv# KWPO# shuljrvdv# h#
51#Vh#yrfÊ#whp#yÁulrv#surmhwrv#glyhuvlilfdgrv#h#
MdydVfulsw# vÃr# ilowudgrv/# r# txh# É# pdlv# vhjxur#
suhwhqgh#glqdpl}du#wrgrv#hp#xpd#vroxÇÃr#
sruÉp# qÃr# ghvhmÁyho# qr# fdvr# gh# xp# eorj/# hp#
frpxp1#
txh# dshqdv# xvxÁulrv# frqilÁyhlv# srvvxhp#
shuplvvÃr# sdud# sxeolfdu# frqwhÚgr1# Sru# phlr# gh#
glihuhqwhv# shuplvvÕhv/# r# dgplqlvwudgru# srgh# Wlnl# rihuhfh# pdlv# gh# 41333# frqiljxudÇÕhv# h#
hvfrokhu# txhp# srgh# xwlol}du# uhfxuvrv# rsÇÕhv# qr# sdlqho# gh# frqwuroh1# ©# wrwdophqwh#
srwhqfldophqwh#shuljrvrv1 shuvrqdol}Áyho# frp# FVV# h# Vpduw|# Whpsodwh#
Hqjlqh1# Dvvlp/# frp# xp# whpd# shuvrqdol}dgr# h#
QÓv# whprv# xp# wlph# gh# vhjxudqÇd# txh#
kdelolwdqgr# ghwhuplqdgdv# rsÇÕhv/# yrfÊ# ghyh# vhu#
uhvsrqgh# d# dohuwdv# h# djh# gh# pdqhlud# suÓ0dwlyd#
fdsd}#gh#uhdol}du#d#judqgh#pdlruld#grv#surmhwrv1#D#
phokrudqgr# uhfxuvrv# gh# dfrugr# frp# dv#
fxowxud# gr# surmhwr# É# hqiuhqwdu# xp# ghvdilr#
sulrulgdghv#ghilqlgdv#shor#juxsr1
hvshfÍilfr# id}hqgr# xp# uhfxuvr# jhqÉulfr/# txh# É#
dglflrqdgr# À# edvh# gr# fÓgljr# sulqflsdo1#D# gdwd# gd#
UHO=#Qd#vxd#rsqlÃr/#r#txh#É#qhfhvvÁulr# suÓ{lpd#yhuvÃr#hvwÁyho#qxqfd#hvwÁ#orqjh#ghpdlv/#
sdud# frqvwuxlu# xp# FPV# gh# txdolgdgh/# h#lvvr#pdqwÉp#dv#dwxdol}dÇÕhv#iÁfhlv1
hohjdqwh/# vhjxur# h# hvwÁyhoB# ©# srvvÍyho# Sruwdqwr/# qÃr# xvh# Wlnl# vh# yrfÊ# suhwhqgh#
frpelqdu# hvwhv# txdwur# hohphqwrv# hp# dshqdv# prglilfÁ0or# iruwhphqwh# vhp# frpsduwlokdu# r# fÓgljr#
xpd#vroxÇÃrB gh#yrowd1#KÁ#9330:33#frpplwv#sru#pÊv1#Ghqwur#gh#
PO=# Frp# whpsr# vxilflhqwh# h# lqwholjÊqfld/# É# xp# dqr/# r# vhx# wlnl# srgh/# sru# h{hpsor/# hvwdu# irud#
srvvÍyho# frpelqdu# wrgrv# rv# txdwur1# H# É# sru# lvvr# gh#vlqfurqld#frp#r#uhvwr#gr#surmhwr1
txh# xpd# gdv# pdlruhv# sulrulgdghv# É# frqvhjxlu#
pdlv#shvvrdv#sdud#r#surmhwr1
UHO=# Whqwh# h{solfdu# rx# uhvxplu# Wlnl# Zlnl#
Wrgrv# srghp# sduwlflsdu# gh# txdlvtxhu# hp#6#sdodyudv1
dvshfwrv# gr# fÓgljr# rx# gd# frpxqlgdgh=#
PO=#Zlnl#zd|#zhezduh
kwws=22wlnl1ruj2VZRW1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 9<
HQWUHYLVWD#—#HQWUHYLVWD#FRP#PDUF#ODSRUWH

UHO=# YrfÊ# dfkd# txh# xp# FPV# id}# Dr# orqjr# grv# dqrv/# qÓv# il}hprv#
ghvhqyroyhgruhv# zhe# pdlv# suhjxlÇrvrv# h# sudwlfdphqwh#wrgrv#rv#uhfxuvrv#glvsrqÍyhlv#frp#
phqrv# suhrfxsdgrv# frp# d# surjudpdÇÃr# hp# d# whfqrorjld# h{lvwhqwh# h# lqwhjudprv# frp# rxwurv#
vlB surmhwrv# gh# fÓgljr# dehuwr# txh# xvdp# Iodvk1#
PO=# R# remhwlyr# gh# xp# FPV# É# uhgx}lu# d# EljEoxhExwwrq# sdud# froderudÇÃr# hp# whpsr# uhdo#
eduuhlud# wÉfqlfd# sdud# fuldgruhv# gh# frqwhÚgr1# +¡xglr2YÍghr2Frpsduwlokdphqwr# gh# whod2Fkdw,# h#
Frp# pdlv# ihuudphqwdv# glvsrqÍyhlv/# r# Ndowxud# sdud# hglÇÃr# gh# yÍghr# shor# eurzvhu1# R#
ghvhqyroyhgru# wruqd0vh# pdlv# xp# exvfdgru# gh# suÓ{lpr# judqgh# sdvvr# vhuÁ# dgrwdu# KWPO8# h#
vroxÇÕhv#gr#txh#xp#uhvroyhgru#gh#sureohpdv1 id}hu# frlvdv# frpr# pdqlsxodÇÃr# gh# lpdjhqv1#
QÓv# whqwdprv# frp# Mdyd# pdv# qxqfd#
Lvvr#uhdophqwh#ghshqgh#gr#xvr1 frqvhjxlprv#dojr#hvwÁyho#r#edvwdqwh1

UHO=# Txdlv# vÃr# rv# sodqrv# sdud# r# UHO=#Sdud#dtxhohv#txh#txhuhp#vdehu#pdlv#


ixwxurB#R#txh#yhp#d#vhjxluB vreuh#r#Wlnl#Zlnl/#r#txh#ghyhp#id}huB#Rqgh#hohv#
PO=# R# fuhvflphqwr# frqwÍqxr# grv# ghyhp#surfxuduB#Sru#rqgh#ghyhp#frphÇduB
hfrvvlvwhpdv#orfdlv#hp#wruqr#gr#Wlnl#+juxsrv#gh# PO=# YrfÊv# srghp# id}hu# r# grzqordg# rx#
xvxÁulrv/# frqvxowruhv/# hyhqwrv/# wudgxÇÕhv/# hwf1,# xvdu# xpd# ghprqvwudÇÃr# hp=#
vhuÁ#pxlwr#lqwhuhvvdqwh/#mxqwdphqwh#frp#d#qryd# kwws=22lqir1wlnl1ruj2Jhw.Wlnl1
pdufd1
Frqwlqxduhprv# qrvvr# ulwpr# uÁslgr# gh#
odqÇdphqwrv1# Wlnl9# +Rxwxeur# gh# 5343,# vhuÁ# d# UHO=# Ghl{h# dojxpdv# sdodyudv# sdud# rv#
suÓ{lpd# yhuvÃr# frp# Orqj# Whup# Vxssruw# +OWV,# ohlwruhv#gd#Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh1
h/# dvvlp/# hvwduhprv# hp# frqglÇÕhv# gh# id}hu# PO=# GÊ# xp# shl{h# sdud# dojxÉp# h# yrfÊ# ydl#
dojxpdv#phokruldv#hvwuxwxudlv#sdud#r#Wlnl:#+Deulo# dolphqwÁ0or# sru# xp# gld1# Hqvlqh# dojxÉp# d# shvfdu#
gh#5344,#^ #sru#h{hpsor/#sdvvdu#d#xvdu#r#Vpduw|# h# yrfÊ# r# dolphqwduÁ# sru# wrgd# d# ylgd1# Dglflrqh#
hvvh# frqkhflphqwr# d# xp# zlnl# h# lqÚphudv#
6# h# r# ]hqg# Iudphzrun# 5# +vh# hvwlyhu# surqwr# dwÉ#
oÁ,1 shvvrdv# vhuÃr# fdsd}hv# gh# dsuhqghu# sru# frqwd#
Lqwhjudu# frp# vlvwhpdv# gh# frqwuroh# gh# suÓsuld1# H# frpsduwlokdu# vhxv# frqkhflphqwrv1# H#
yhuvÃr# +VYQ# sulphlud,# iduÁ# gr# Wlnl# xpd# erd# pxlwrv#pdlv#luÃr#dolphqwdu#vxdv#idpÍoldv1
vroxÇÃr# sdud# jhuhqfldphqwr# gh# IdÇd#sduwh=#kwws=22eu1wlnl1ruj1
ghvhqyroylphqwr#gh#vriwzduhv#+qÓv#mÁ#whprv#xp#
vlvwhpd#gh#wlfnhwv,1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj :3
GHVHQYROYLPHQWR — MDYD HQWHUSULVH HGLWLRQ 9

Rudfoh
MHH 9
Sru RwÁylr JrqÇdoyhv gh Vdqwdqd

R Mdyd HH rx Mdyd Hqwhusulvh Hglwlrq É xpd sodwdirupd


gh ghvhqyroylphqwr yrowdgd sdud vhuylgruhv gd olqjxdjhp
mdyd txh frqwÉp xp frqmxqwr gh whfqrorjldv frrughqdgdv/
txh uhgx} vljqlilfdwlydphqwh r fxvwr h d frpsoh{lgdgh gr
ghvhqyroylphqwr/ lpsodqwdÇÃr h jhuhqfldphqwr gh
dsolfdwlyrv gh yÁuldv fdpdgdv fhqwudgrv qr vhuylgru1
Ilfrx pxlwr frqkhflgr sdud r ghvhqyroylphqwr gh
dsolfdÇÕhv sdud frusrudÇÕhv1 Ghqwuh vhxv glihuhqfldlv/
srghprv ghvwdfdu dsolfdÇÕhv glvwulexÍgdv/ vhjxudv/
hvfdoÁyhlv/ gh dowd glvsrqlelolgdgh h frp edl{r fxvwr gh
pdqxwhqÇÃr1

Wud}hqgr judqgh h{shfwdwlyd/ qr gld 43 gh gh}hpeur gh


533< irl odqÇdgd d qryd yhuvÃr Hqwhusulvh gr Mdyd/ r MVU
649 +MHH 9,1 Ghqwuh dv qrydv whfqrorjldv txh dwhqghp dv
qrydv qhfhvvlgdghv/ hoh yhlr txheudqgr d lghld txh r
MHH vhuyld dshqdv sdud dsolfdÇÕhv judqghv h urexvwdv vh
dgdswdqgr d dsolfdÇÕhv gh glihuhqwhv wdpdqkrv1

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj  :4


GHVHQYROYLPHQWR — MDYD HQWHUSULVH HGLWLRQ 9

Xpd gdv judqghv fdudfwhuÍvwlfdv ghvvd qryd yhuvÃr É r


xvr frqvwdqwh gdv dqrwdÇÕhv/ frp r lqwxlwr gh holplqdu rv
dutxlyrv {po/ sdud txh vh whqkd pdlru surgxwlylgdgh h
wdpeÉp iruqhÇd idflolgdghv dr ghvhqyroyhgru1

D hyroxÇÃr gr Mdyd HH É qrwÁyho h yhlr frp 43


hvshflilfdÇÕhv dwxdol}dgdv h flqfr qrydv/ qr wrwdo gh 5;1
Figura 2: Criando um template

Figura 3: Chamando o template

Hvvh uhfxuvr hfrqrpl}d +h pxlwr, gxudqwh d


pdqxwhqÇÃr h lpsodqwdÇÃr gh/ sru h{hpsor/ r phqx txh
ilfduÁ hp wrgdv dv sÁjlqdv1
Figura 1: Atualização do Java EE

Dshvdu gh h{lvwluhp 5; hvshflilfdÇÕhv/ h{lvwh r uhfxuvr Rxwud frlvd pxlwr lqwhuhvvdqwh É d qÃr h{lvwÊqfld
suriloh/ txh yrfÊ srgh frqiljxudu rv uhfxuvrv txh vhuÃr +fduÁwhu rsflrqdo, gr idfhv0frqilj1{po/ txh dqwhv vhuyld
xwlol}dgr hp vxd dsolfdÇÃr/ ghl{dqgr d phvpd pdlv ohyh1 sdud dglflrqdu rv mdydEhdqv/ doÉp gh wdpeÉp yrfÊ id}hu
Qrvvr duwljr dtxl ylvd ghprqvwudu dshqdv dojxpdv gdv d qdyhjdÇÃr hqwuh dv sÁjlqdv1
idflolgdghv hqfrqwudgdv qr MHH 1
Djrud vlpsohvphqwh frorfdprv dv dqrwdÇÕhv sdud
ghfodudu vhxv pdqdjhu ehdqv1

MVI
Figura 4: Usando a anotação @ManagedBean
R Mdyd Vhuyhu Idfhv/ txh É d sulqflsdo ihuudphqwd sdud
ghvhqyroylphqwr qd zhe/ ilfrx frqkhflgd sru vhu pxlwr
wudedokrvd h wdpeÉp qÃr whu vxsruwh d DMD[/
fdudfwhuÍvwlfdv txh irudp txheudgdv frp d yhuvÃr 513 gr Figura 5: Chamando o Bean no projeto

MVI1
Xp rxwur dvshfwr txh wlurx gh yh} r idfhv0frqilj1{po gd
Xp grv judqghv lpsdfwrv txh whprv É r Idfhowv qdwlyr/ mrjdgd irl d qdyhjdÇÃr lpsoÍflwd1 R txh dqwhv gdyd pxlwr
vxevwlwxlqgr r MVS1 Ghqwuh vxdv ydqwdjhqv/ srghprv wudedokr/ vh wruqrx lpsoÍflwr1 Sru h{hpsor/ vh hp xp
ghvwdfdu= frppdqgOlqn d dÇÃr iru xpd fsdjlqdg h hod qÃr wlyhu
qhqkxpd uhjud gh ydolgdÇÃr/ r MVI dxwrpdwlfdphqwh
0 Uhtxhu phqrv srghu frpsxwdflrqdo/ h sru surfxuduÁ xpd sÁjlqd fsdjlqd1{kwpog/ vhp d qhfhvvlgdgh
frqvhtxÊqfld/ ohyd phqrv whpsr sdud frpslodu> gh frqiljxudÇÃr frpr qd yhuvÃr dqwhulru1

0 Dsuryhlwdphqwr gh fÓgljr frp r xvr gh whpsodwhv/


Figura 6: CommandLink
doÉp gh yrfÊ srghu fuldu qryrv frpsrqhqwhv1

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj  :5


GHVHQYROYLPHQWR — MDYD HQWHUSULVH HGLWLRQ 9

Dfuhglwr txh d qrylgdgh pdlv hvshudgd qr MVI 513 irl r


vxsruwh dr DMD[1 Qdv yhuvÕhv dqwhulruhv/ hvvh uhfxuvr vÓ
hud srvvÍyho frp rxwurv iudphzrunv rx eleolrwhfdv frpr r
LfhIdfh/ UlfkIdfhv/ ghqwuh rxwudv1

Vhuyohw 613
Figura 8: Lista de objetos

Qdv yhuvÕhv dqwhulruhv/ hud qhfhvvÁulr sdud vh fuldu


xpd vhuyohw/ xpd fodvvh txh vh hvwhqgh gh KwwsVhuyohw/
doÉp gh frqiljxuÁ0or fruuhwdphqwh qr zhe1{po1 Djrud/ frp HME 614
r xvr gh dqrwdÇÕhv/ yrfÊ fhqwudol}d rshudÇÕhv hp dshqdv
xp remhwr/ h ghshqghqgr gd uhtxlvlÇÃr ihlwd/ srgh0vh R xvr gr Hqwhusulvh Mdyd Ehdqv vlpsolilfrx edvwdqwh r
wudwdu gh pdqhlud pdlv dghtxdgd1 ghvhqyroylphqwr1 R xvr gh dqrwdÇÕhv +{po 0 rsflrqdo, h
SRMRv2SRMLv vÃr dv fdudfwhuÍvwlfdv pdufdqwhv qd yhuvÃr
6131 Qd qryd yhuvÃr srghprv fuldu lqwhuidfhv rsflrqdlv/
Figura 7: WebServLet rx vhmd/ yrfÊ vÓ fuld vh uhdophqwh suhflvdu ghod1 D iljxud
dedl{r prvwud xp vhvvlrq orfdo vhp d qhfhvvlgdgh gd
Rxwud ixqflrqdolgdgh lqwhuhvvdqwh É txh djrud qÃr É lqwhuidfh h gd dqrwdÇÃr COrfdo1
pdlv qhfhvvÁulr frqiljxudu qdgd sdud vh xwlol}du
iudphzrunv/ soxjlqv h vhuyohwv gh whufhlurv1 Edvwd lqvhulu r
1mdu qr vhx fodvvsdwk1

R ghvwdtxh gr vhuyohw 613 irl r wÃr hvshudgr vxsruwh


qdwlyr Àv fkdpdgdv dvvÍqfurqdv/ pxlwr xwlol}dgr qdv
dsolfdÇÕhv zhe dwxdlv1 Ydoh ohpeudu r vljqlilfdgr gd vljod Figura 9: Session local
DMD[ 0 Dv|qfkurqrxv Mdydvfulsw Dqg [PO1
Qd yhuvÃr dqwhulru/ HME vÓ srghuld h{lvwlu hp
ghsor|phqwv qr irupdwr HDU1 Djrud yrfÊ srgh hpsdfrwdu
MSD 513 vhxv HMEv frp vxd dsolfdÇÃr ZDU1 R vxsruwh gh vhuylÇrv
dvvÍqfurqrv É rxwud qrylgdgh1 Sdud lvvr/ edvwd dshqdv
R Mdyd Shuvlvwhqfh Dsl wurx{h xpd judqgh hyroxÇÃr À frorfdu d dqrwdÇÃr CDv|qfkurqrxv1
sodwdirupd Mdyd hp uhodÇÃr d shuvlvwÊqfld gh gdgrv1 Frp
hoh yrfÊ qÃr suhflvd ilfdu suhvr d vrphqwh xp iudphzrun Rxwud qrylgdgh É d lghld gh fuldu vhvvlrq ehdqv txh vÓ
gh shuvlvwÊqfld1 Djrud pxlwr pdlv pdgxur qd vxd yhuvÃr h{lvwhp xpd Úqlfd yh} qd vxd dsolfdÇÃr1 Dvvlp/ É
513/ lqfrusrudqgr pxlwrv uhfxuvrv dqwhv h{lvwhqwhv dshqdv srvvÍyho fuldu remhwrv frpr r VhuyohwFrqwh{w qd dsolfdÇÃr
hp rxwurv iudphzrunv1 zhe/ frorfdqgr dshqdv d dqrwdÇÃr CVlqjohwrq1

D judqgh qrylgdgh gr MSD É r xvr gr Fulwhuld/ mÁ


h{lvwhqwh qr Klehuqdwh1 Frp hvvd DSL/ srghprv fuldu FGL
txhulhv glqÂplfdv/ sdgurql}dgdv h id}hu ydolgdÇÃr1
D lqmhÇÃr gh ghshqgÊqfld h frqwh{wrv +FGL,/ dqwhv
D vhjxlu/ id}hprv xpd olvwd gh wrgrv rv remhwrv gr wlsr frqkhflgr frpr zhe ehdqv/ É sduwh lqwhjudqwh gr Mdyd
Shvvrd txh whqkdp 53 dqrv1 HH 9 h iruqhfh xpd dutxlwhwxud txh shuplwh drv
frpsrqhqwhv gr Mdyd HH/ frpr vhuyohwv/ hqwhusulvh ehdqv

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj  :6


GHVHQYROYLPHQWR — MDYD HQWHUSULVH HGLWLRQ 9

h MdydEhdqv/ h{lvwluhp gxudqwh r flfor gh ylgd gh xp R Wrpfdw/ gd Dsdfkh


dsolfdwlyr frp hvfrsrv ehp ghilqlgrv1 DoÉp glvvr/ r Irxqgdwlrq/ qd vxd vÉwlpd
vhuylÇr FGL shuplwh txh rv frpsrqhqwhv gr Mdyd HH/ yhuvÃr/ wud} ghqwuh vxdv pdlruhv
frpr ehdqv gh vhvvÃr HME h ehdqv jhuhqfldgrv gr qrylgdghv r vxsruwh wrwdo À
MdydVhuyhu Idfhv +MVI,/ vhmdp lqmhwdgrv h lqwhudmdp gh hvshflilfdÇÃr gr Vhuyohw 613 h
pdqhlud dfrsodgd h ioh{Íyho/ glvsdudqgr h revhuydqgr MdydVhuyhu Sdjhv 515 / HO 5151
hyhqwrv1 R FGL ghilqh xp frqmxqwr gh vhuylÇrv txh ghl{d DoÉp glvvr/ wrgr r fÓgljr ghvdwxdol}dgr irl uhprylgr1
r ghvhqyroylphqwr gh dsolfdÇÕhv pxlwr pdlv iÁflo

Vhuylgruhv gh dsolfdÇÃr MHH 9 FrqfoxvÃr

Frpr glwr lqlfldophqwh/ d sodwdirupd qhfhvvlwd gh xp Frp pxlwr qryrv uhfxuvrv/ r MVU 649 wud} qrylgdghv
vhuylgru sdud h{hfxwdu dv dsolfdÇÕhv1 Dwxdophqwh/ rv sdud dsolfdÇÕhv zhe gh wrgrv rv wdpdqkrv1 Djrud mÁ É
vhuylgruhv gh dsolfdÇÕhv txh urgdp r Mdyd HH 9 vÃr= r srvvÍyho lpsohphqwdu xpd dsolfdÇÃr dwxdol}dgd frp r
Jodvvilvk 6/ r Wrpfdw : h r MErvv 91 Dfuhglwr txh pxlwrv phufdgr/ pxlwr frpxp hp judqghv hpsuhvdv/ gh
rxwurv vhuylgruhv gh dsolfdÇÃr Mdyd vhuÃr dwxdol}dgrv pdqhlud pdlv vlpsohv1 Ghqwuh hvvhv qryrv uhfxuvrv/
sdud hvvd uhfhqwh yhuvÃr1 dojxqv hudp h{foxvlyrv d dojxqv iudphzrunv/ h djrud
wruqd0vh qdwlyr dr Mdyd HH/ txh d fdgd yhuvÃr wud}
R Jodvvilvk/ gd Rudfoh/ irl d gh}hqdv gh qrylgdghv sdud dxphqwdu d surgxwlylgdgh gr
sulphlud lpsohphqwdÇÃr gr Mdyd ghvhqyroyhgru1
HH 91 Dshvdu gr judqgh whpru gr
surmhwr dfdedu/ d Rudfoh frqilupd
txh frqwlqxduÁ dsrldqgr r
surmhwr1 R Jodvvilvk krmh É d suhihuÊqfld qÚphur xp hqwuh
rv ghvhqyroyhgruhv mdyd1
RW¡YLR JRQ§DOYHV GH VDQWDQD É
R MErvv/ gd hpshvd Uhg Kdw/ Judgxdqgr hp Hqjhqkduld gh FrpsxwdÇÃr
qdvfhx frpr r HMErvv/ txh hud h OÍghu gd fÉoxod gh Ghvhqyroylphqwr gd
dshqdv xp Frqwdlqhu HME1 Idfxogdgh Duhd4/ Ghvhqyroyhgru hp Vrox0
Ghsrlv hyroxlx sdud xp vhuylgru ÇÃr Rshq Vrxufh/ phpeur gd htxlsh
gh dsolfdÇÕhv Mdyd HH frpsohwr1 Hnddw| Olqx{1 Suriloh qr RVXP=
Glihuhqwh gr txh dfrqwhfhx frp dv yhuvÕhv dqwhulruhv/ r kwws=22rvxp1vxq1frp2suriloh2RwdylrJrqfdo0
MErvv 9 djuhjd rv uhfxuvrv gr Mdyd HH 9 doÉp gh yhvghVdqwdqd
fruuhÇÕhv gh exjv h phokruldv gh shuirupdqfh1

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj  :7


GHVHQYROYLPHQWR — Ghvhqyroylphqwr Zhe frp S|wkrq 0 Sduwh LL

Wudedokdqgr frp
edqfr gh gdgrv qr

Zhe5S|
Sru Euxqr Urfkd

Qd hglÇÃr gh Djrvwr/ prvwudprv rv sulqfÍslrv eÁvlfrv vlvwhpd rshudflrqdo srvvxd r gulyhu lqvwdodgr1 Sdud r
gh xp surmhwr zhe frp r iudphzrun zhe5s|1 Djrud P|VTO/ sru h{hpsor/ edvwd lqvwdodu r P|VTOge/ h sdud r
yhuhprv frpr hihwxdprv d frqh{Ãr/ ghilqlprv r prghor SrvwjuhVTO r sv|frsj51
gh gdgrv h iduhprv rshudÇÕhv gh frqvxowd/ dowhudÇÃr/
h{foxvÃr h lqfoxvÃr qr edqfr gh gdgrv1 R iudphzrun ghilqh dv vhjxlqwhv fodvvhv sdud frqvwuxlu
d GDO=
R zhe5s| srvvxl xpd fdpdgd gh devwudÇÃr gh edqfr 0 GDO= uhsuhvhqwd d frqh{Ãr frp r edqfr gh gdgrv1
gh gdgrv/ d GDO1 Hod É xpd DSL txh pdshld remhwrv
S|wkrq hp remhwrv gh edqfr gh gdgrv frpr txhulhv/
wdehodv h uhjlvwurv1 D GDO jhud fÓgljrv VTO R fÓgljr dflpd ghilqh xpd uhihuÊqfld fgeg sdud xpd
glqdplfdphqwh/ hp whpsr uhdo/ xwlol}dqgr vhpsuh r gldohwr lqvwÂqfld gd fodvvh GDO/ pdshdgd sdud xp edqfr gh
VTO uhihuhqwh dr edqfr gh gdgrv hp xvr1 Ghvvd irupd/ gdgrv gr wlsr VTOlwh frp r qrph fvwrudjh1geg/ sru
yrfÊ qÃr suhflvd hvfuhyhu fÓgljr VTO rx dsuhqghu sdguÃr dupd}hqdgr qd sdvwd gdwdedvhv1
frpdqgrv VTO gh xp edqfr gh gdgrv hvshfÍilfr/ h vxd
dsolfdÇÃr vhuÁ sruwÁyho sdud glihuhqwhv edqfrv gh gdgrv1 D vwulqj gh frqh{Ãr srghuld vhu wurfdgd gh dfrugr frp
Dwxdophqwh/ rv edqfrv gh gdgrv vxsruwdgrv vÃr= VTOlwh r edqfr gh gdgrv/ sru h{hpsor=
+txh mÁ yhp frp S|wkrq h frp zhe5s|,/ SrvwujuhVTO/ P|VTO +p|vto=22xvhuqdph=sdvvzrugCorfdokrvw2whvw,/
P|VTO/ Rudfoh/ PVVTO/ IluhElug/ GE5/ Lqirupl{ h Lqjuhv1 SrvwjuhVTO
R zhe5s| wdpeÉp É fdsd} gh vh frqhfwdu dr Jrrjoh +srvwjuhv=22xvhuqdph=sdvvzrugCorfdokrvw2whvw, h
EljWdeoh qr Jrrjoh Dss Hqjlqh +JDH,1 vhjxlqgr r phvpr prghor sdud PVVTO/ IluhElug/ Rudfoh/
GE5/ Lqjuhv h Lqirupl{ h +jdh, sdud r Jrroh Dss Hqjlqh1
R zhe5s| mÁ yhp frp r gulyhu qhfhvvÁulr sdud dfhvvr
dr VTOlwh/ pdv sdud txh vhmd srvvÍyho d frqh{Ãr frp 0 Wdeoh= uhsuhvhqwd xpd wdehod qr edqfr gh gdgrv h É
fdgd wlsr gh edqfr gh gdgrv/ É qhfhvvÁulr txh vhx lqvwdqfldgd dwudyÉv gd ixqÇÃr GDO1ghilqhbwdeoh

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj  :8


GHVHQYROYLPHQWR — Ghvhqyroylphqwr Zhe frp S|wkrq 0 Sduwh LL

GDO Urzv= É r remhwr uhwruqdgr sru xpd frqvxowd VTO/


frqvlghuh0r frpr xpd olvwd gh uhjlvwurv1
R fÓgljr dflpd ghilqh xpd wdehod fplqkdwdehodg/
frqwhqgr dshqdv xp fdpsr fphxfdpsrg1 R zhe5s| vh
hqfduuhjd gh fuldu h h{hfxwdu r fÓgljr VTO uhvsrqvÁyho R pÉwrgr fvhohfwg h{hfxwd d foÁxvxod fVHOHFWg gr
shod fuldÇÃr ghvwd wdehod1 R remhwr fgeg djrud srvvxl xpd VTO/ xwlol}dqgr dv frqglÇÕhv lqirupdgdv hp fge+,g1 Hvwh
sursulhgdgh fkdpdgd fplqkdwdehodg h r dfhvvr É ihlwr phvpr fÓgljr hp DQVL VTO ilfduld= fVHOHFW - IURP
frp fge1plqkdwdehodg/ rx xvdqgr d uhihuÊqfld plqkdwdehod zkhuh phxfdpsr lv qrw qxoog1
fplqkdWdehodg rx fplqkdWdehod1phxfdpsrg sdud dfhvvdu
xp fdpsr hvshfÍilfr1 Urz= frqwÉp fdpsrv frp ydoruhv lwhuÁyhlv1

0 Ilhog= uhsuhvhqwd xp fdpsr gd wdehod1 Hoh srgh vhu


lqvwdqfldgr rx sdvvdgr frpr dujxphqwr sdud r pÉwrgr
fGDO1ghilqhbwdeohg
Dv txhulhv qd GDO uhsuhvhqwdp d foÁxvxod VTO zkhuh1

Hvwh fÓgljr srghuld vhu wudgx}lgr sdud r fÓgljr VTO gd


Qr h{hpsor dqwhulru/ fIlhogg uhfheh yÁulrv dujxphqwrv vhjxlqwh irupd=
txh ghilqhp dv sursulhgdghv ghvwh fdpsr qd wdehod1 Hvwh
fÓgljr srgh vhu wudgx}lgr sdud r frpdqgr VTO fFUHDWH fVHOHFW - IURP plqkdwdehod ZKHUH phx fdpsr @
WDEOH plqkdwdehod+phxfdpsr ydufkdu+588, qrw qxoo *Whvwh*g
ghidxow *RoÁ Pxqgr*,g1
D GDO wdpeÉp id} pljudÇÕhv dxwrpÁwlfdv/ rx vhmd/
R zhe5s| srvvxl xpd vÉulh gh ydolgdgruhv1 Dojxqv yrfÊ srgh dowhudu r prghor gh gdgrv/ lqfoxlu rx dowhudu
djhp qr qÍyho gr edqfr gh gdgrv dowhudqgr dvvlp d fdpsrv h wdehodv d txdotxhu prphqwr h d GDO h{hfxwduÁ
foÁxvxod VTO/ frpr É r fdvr qr ydolgdgru fqrwqxoo@Wuxhg/ rv fÓgljrv VTO uhihuhqwhv d hvvdv dowhudÇÕhv1 Hp
txh vh wudqvirupd hp fqrw qxoog qr VTO1 Rxwurv dpelhqwh gh surgxÇÃr/ É dfrqvhokÁyho ghvdwlydu d
ydolgdgruhv/ frpr r fuhtxluhg@Wuxhg/ dwxdp qr qÍyho gd pljudÇÃr xwlol}dqgr r sduÂphwur fpljudwh@Idovhg qr ilqdo
fGDOg ghilqlqgr/ sru h{hpsor/ txh É uhtxhulgd d gd ghfodudÇÃr gh fdgd wdehod1
sdvvdjhp gh xp ydoru sdud vhu lqvhulgr qhvwh fdpsr1 MÁ
rxwurv/ frpr r fLVbQRWbHPSW\g/ ixqflrqdp qr qÍyho gr Sdud ilfdu dlqgd pdlv iÁflo r hqwhqglphqwr/ ydprv sduwlu
irupxoÁulr1 Ghvwd irupd/ txdqgr fuldprv xp irupxoÁulr/ sdud xp h{hpsor suÁwlfr1 Lpdjlqh txh iduhprv xp
hvwh irupxoÁulr vhuÁ ydolgdgr jdudqwlqgr txh hvwh fdpsr vlvwhpd gh fdgdvwur gh olyurv sdud xpd hglwrud xwlol}dqgr r
qÃr vhmd yd}lr1 VTOlwh frpr edqfr gh gdgrv1 Fdgd olyur hp qrvvr
D ghilqlÇÃr gh ydolgdgruhv srgh vhu ihlwd vlvwhpd suhflvd whu rv fdpsrv wÍwxor/ gdwd gh odqÇdphqwr/
vhsdudgdphqwh gd ghilqlÇÃr gd wdehod/ h hvwd É xpd dxwru/ fdwhjruld/ ghvfulÇÃr/ hvwdgr +qryr rx xvdgr, h xp
suÁwlfd uhfrphqgdgd= fdpsr sdud dupd}hqdu r fdplqkr sdud d lpdjhp gh fdsd
gr olyur1 Lqlflh r zhe5s| h fulh xpd dsolfdÇÃr fkdpdgd
olyurv1 Hp Prghov hglwh r dutxlyr ge1s|> frpr d dsolfdÇÃr
sdguÃr gr zhe5s| mÁ yhp frp dv ghfodudÇÕhv
qhfhvvÁuldv sdud d frqh{Ãr frp r VTOlwh/ edvwd lqfoxlu d
prghodjhp gh gdgrv dr ilqdo gr dutxlyr1

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj  :9


GHVHQYROYLPHQWR — Ghvhqyroylphqwr Zhe frp S|wkrq 0 Sduwh LL

Djrud txh mÁ fuldprv dv wdehodv/ ydprv ghilqlu rv


ydolgdgruhv h rv uhodflrqdphqwrv hqwuh dv wdehodv=

Ghilqlprv gxdv wdehodv sdud dv txdlv pdshdprv grlv


remhwrv/ fFdwhjruldg h fOlyurg1 Txdqgr qÃr lqirupdprv r Hvwh eorfr gh fÓgljr ghyh ylu orjr dsÓv d ghfodudÇÃr
wlsr gh gdgr sdud d GDO/ hod dvvxph r wlsr vwulqj1 gdv wdehodv qr dutxlyr ge1s|1 Hoh ghilqh txdlv ydolgdgruhv
Srghprv wdpeÉp ghilqlu rv wlsrv hvshfÍilfrv frpr gh irupxoÁulr/ h txdlv uhodflrqdphqwrv gh edqfr gh
il}hprv frp r fdpsr gdwd1 Ghilqlqgr r wlsr gdwhwlph/ r gdgrv/ qÓv whuhprv sdud hvwdv gxdv wdehodv1
zhe5s| fulduÁ dxwrpdwlfdphqwh xp fdohqgÁulr/ txdqgr
fulduprv xp irupxoÁulr edvhdgr qhvwd wdehod1 Gd phvpd Djrud dfhvvdqgr r lwhp ^Gdwdedvh dgplqlvwudwlrq`/ qd
pdqhlud/ r fdpsr frp wlsr wh{w fulduÁ xp wh{wduhd h r lqwhuidfh dgplqlvwudwlyd gr zhe5s|/ vhuÁ srvvÍyho lqvhulu
fdpsr frp wlsr xsordg fulduÁ xp frqwuroh sdud xsordg gh uhjlvwurv qdv wdehodv fuldgdv dflpd1
dutxlyrv1

Rxwur srqwr lpsruwdqwh É r idwr gh txh qÃr suhflvdprv


ghfodudu xp fdpsr fLGg/ srlv d GDO fulduÁ
dxwrpdwlfdphqwh xp fdpsr fkdpdgr lg sdud fdgd wdehod1
Xwlol}dprv wdpeÉp dojxqv ydolgdgruhv/ frpr
fqrwqxoo@Wuxhg/ sdud jdudqwlu txh hvwh fdpsr qÃr dfhlwh
ydoruhv qxorv/ h wdpeÉp r fghidxow@uhtxhvw1qrzg/ sdud txh
fdvr d gdwd qÃr vhmd suhhqfklgd r fdpsr uhfhed sru
sdguÃr d gdwd dwxdo1 Qr fdpsr fdwhjruld/ fuldprv xpd
uhihuÊqfld frp d wdehod gh fdwhjruldv sdud jdudqwlu txh r
ydoru dol lqvhulgr vhmd uhdophqwh xpd fdwhjruld gd wdehod
gh fdwhjruldv1 YrfÊ wdpeÉp srgh xwlol}du r prghodgru
juÁilfr glvsrqÍyho qr olqn ^kwws=22jdhvto1dssvsrw1frp2` txh
É fdsd} gh h{sruwdu r uhvxowdgr gd prghodjhp hp xp
fÓgljr frpsdwÍyho frp zhe5s|1

Dfhvvdqgr rv gdgrv dwudyÉv gd dsolfdÇÃr

Sdud dfhvvdu rv gdgrv dwudyÉv grv frqwuroohuv gd


dsolfdÇÃr/ xvduhprv rv frpdqgrv sdud rshudÇÕhv FUXG
gd GDO1 Wdlv frpdqgrv vÃr= 1vhohfw/ 1lqvhuw/ 1ghohwh h
1xsgdwh1

Vh txlvhuprv/ sru h{hpsor/ frqvxowdu wrgrv rv uhjlvwurv


gd wdehod olyurv dwudyÉv gh xp frqwuroohu/ srghprv xvdu r

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj  ::


GHVHQYROYLPHQWR — Ghvhqyroylphqwr Zhe frp S|wkrq 0 Sduwh LL

frpdqgr 1vhohfw+,1 Dowhuh d ixqÇÃr lqgh{ qr frqwuroohu


ghidxow1s| frpr qr fÓgljr dedl{r=

Ghvwd phvpd irupd/ srghprv hihwxdu rxwudv rshudÇÕhv


qr edqfr gh gdgrv/ frpr lqvhulu xp qryr olyur/ dowhudu xp
olyur h{lvwhqwh rx h{foxlu xp olyur1

D GDO srvvxl pxlwr pdlv rsÇÕhv hp vxd DSL h d olvwd Vh yrfÊ ghvhmd vdehu pdlv vreuh r zhe5s|/ frqvxowh d
frpsohwd srgh vhu dfhvvdgd qd grfxphqwdÇÃr rilfldo hp grfxphqwdÇÃr rilfldo +hp lqjoÊv, glvsrqÍyho qr olqn
lqjoÊv +kwws=22zhe5s|1frp2errn, rx hp sruwxjxÊv qr kwws=22zhe5s|1frp1 Sdud glfdv/ wxwruldlv h lqirupdÇÕhv
kwws=22zhe5s|eudvlo1frp1eu1 vreuh wuhlqdphqwrv +hp sruwxjxÊv, ylvlwh kwws=22zhe5s|0
eudvlo1frp1eu1
Sdud ilqdol}du qrvvd dsolfdÇÃr/ ydprv fuldu d ylhz
uhvsrqvÁyho sru h{lelu rv gdgrv gd frqvxowd txh
dfdedprv gh id}hu1

Dowhuh d ylhz fghidxow2lqgh{1kwpog gh dfrugr frp r


fÓgljr dedl{r=

EUXQR FH]DU URFKD É surjudpdgru h frq0


vxowru1 Plqlvwud wuhlqdphqwrv h ghvhqyroyh vrox0
ÇÕhv zhe frp S|wkrq xwlol}dqgr rv iudphzrunv
S|orqv h zhe5s|1 Froderudgru gr wlph gh whvwhv h
grfxphqwdÇÃr gr zhe5s|/ h uhvsrqvÁyho shor vlwh
Sdud yhu d dsolfdÇÃr hp ixqflrqdphqwr dfhvvh kwws=22zhe5s|eudvlo1frp1eu1 H0pdlo= urfkdfeux0
kwws=2245:131314=;3332olyurv1 Djrud/ edvwd fxvwrpl}du r qrCjpdlo1frp 2 Eorj= kwws=22urfkdfeuxqr1frp1eu 2
od|rxw h whprv xp fdwÁorjr gh olyurv surqwr$ Wzlwwhu= Curfkdfeuxqr

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj  :;


WHOHFRPXQLFD§µHV#—#MXEDUWH#0#WHOHFRPPXQLFDWLRQV#VXLWH

Sru#Ehqmdplq#JÓlv

KÁ# dojxqv# dqrv# edvwdyd# whu# xp# frpsxwd0


gru#ghvnwrs/#xp#gulyh#gh#glvtxhwhv#h#xp#Nlw#pxo0
wlpÍgld# sdud# whu# dfhvvr# dr# txh# h{lvwld# gh# pdlv#
prghuqr# qd# Áuhd# gd# frpsxwdÇÃr1# Qhvwh# whpsr#
uÁglr# wrfdyd# vÓ# qr# uÁglr/# WY# gh# erd# txdolgdgh#
vh# yld# dshqdv# dwudyÉv# gh# dqwhqdv# sdudeÓolfdv# h#
uhfhswruhv# dqdoÓjlfrv/# olqkdv# whohiÔqlfdv# ghpr0
udydp#dwÉ#5#phvhv#sdud#vhuhp#lqvwdodgdv#h#whoh0
irqld# pÓyho# hud# dshqdv# xp# vrqkr# sdud# srxfrv1#
R# dgyhqwr# gd# Lqwhuqhw# frqfhqwurx# wrgrv# rv# phl0
rv#gh#frpxqlfdÇÃr#hp#xp#glvsrvlwlyr#frpsxwd0
grul}dgr/# # d# pdvvlilfdÇÃr# gd# lqirupdÇÃr/# yr}#
vreuh# whfqrorjld# LS/# yÍghr# vreuh# ghpdqgd/# hwf1#
Yluwxdol}dÇÃr#h#frpsxwdÇÃr#hp#qxyhp#wruqdudp#
sudwlfdphqwh#lqglvwlqjxÍyho#rqgh#frphÇd#d#frp0
sxwdÇÃr#h#rqgh#whuplqd#dv#whohfrpxqlfdÇÕhv1#
Qr# hqwdqwr/# wrgrv# rv# dqrv/# yÁulrv# surilvvlr0
qdlv#vh#irupdp#qdv#xqlyhuvlgdghv#hp#fxuvrv#frp#
fdudfwhuÍvwlfdv# pxlwr# hvshfÍilfdv/# rv# hqjhqkhlurv#
hoÉwulfrv# h# ghulydgrv# +hohwuÔqlfd# h# whohfrpxqlfd0
ÇÕhv,# yÃr# wudedokdu# qr# phlr# gh# wudqvplvvÃr/# hq0
txdqwr#rv#hqjhqkhlurv#gh#vriwzduh#h#flhqwlvwdv#gd#
frpsxwdÇÃr# yÃr# wudedokdu# qrv# dsolfdwlyrv/# dojrulw0

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj :<
WHOHFRPXQLFD§µHV#—#MXEDUWH#0#WHOHFRPPXQLFDWLRQV#VXLWH

prv#h#surwrfrorv#gh#frpxqlfdÇÃr1
Gxudqwh# plqkd# judgxdÇÃr# hp# Hqjhqkduld#
gh# WhohfrpxqlfdÇÕhv# vhpsuh# surfxuhl# sru# vrox0
ÇÕhv# gh# fÓgljr# dehuwr# sdud# rv# frpsoh{rv# sureoh0
pdv# gd# hqjhqkduld1# Qr# hqwdqwr/# dsolfdÇÕhv# gh#
qlfkr# pxlwr# hvshfÍilfr# frpr# FDG# +Frpsxwhu0dl0
ghg#Ghvljq,/#fÁofxor#hvwuxwxudo#h#vlpxodÇÃr#gh#flu0
fxlwrv# dqdoÓjlfrv# h# gljlwdlv# dlqgd# vÃr# pxlwr# udurv#
rx# lqh{lvwhp# qr# xqlyhuvr# gh# fÓgljr# dehuwr1# Shq0
vdqgr# qlvvr/# qr# ilqdo# gh# plqkd# judgxdÇÃr# ghl# lqÍ0
flr# d# xp# surmhwr# txh# fkdphl# gh# fMxeduwhg/# fxmr#
remhwlyr# vhuld# ghvhqyroyhu# xpd# vxÍwh# frpsohwd# gh# Iljxud#5d=#Glphqvlrqdphqwr#gh#hqodfhv#gh#uÁglr#srqwr#d#srqwr#
dsolfdÇÕhv#sdud#fÁofxor#h#glphqvlrqdphqwr#gh#hq0 hp#ylvdgd#gluhwd
odfhv# gh# whohfrpxqlfdÇÕhv# h# vlvwhpdv# dx{lolduhv/#
h#glvwulexÍ0od#vreuh#olfhqÇd#JSO1#DsÓv#4#dqr#gh#gh0
vhqyroylphqwr# r# vriwzduh# fkhjrx# d# yhuvÃr# 413#
frqwhqgr#elqÁulrv#sdud#Olqx{/#Zlqgrzv#h#RV[1

Iljxud#5e=#Glphqvlrqdphqwr#gh#hqodfhv#gh#uÁglr#srqwr#d#srqwr#
hp#ylvdgd#gluhwd
Iljxud#4=#Mxeduwh#^ #Whohfrppxqlfdwlrqv#Vxlwh Glphqvlrqdphqwr#gh#hqodfhv#Óswlfrv
DwÉ# r# suhvhqwh# prphqwr# irudp# ghvhqyroyl0
grv# dsolfdwlyrv# sdud# yÁuldv# ilqdolgdghv# qr# Âpelwr#
gdv#whohfrpxqlfdÇÕhv/#ghqwuh#hodv=

Glphqvlrqdphqwr# gh# hqodfhv# gh# uÁglr#


srqwr#d#srqwr#hp#ylvdgd#gluhwd
FÁofxor#gdv#shugdv#gh#srwÊqfld#qrv#odqfhv#
gh# vxelgd/# ghvflgd/# dwhqxdÇÃr# gh# hvsdÇr# olyuh>#
srwÊqfld# d# vhu# uhfhelgd# shor# uhfhswru># dqÁolvh#
juÁilfd# gh# shugd# gh# srwÊqfld># dqÁolvh# gh# lqwhu0
fhswdÇÃr#gh#holsvÓlghv#gh#iuhvqho1#

Iljxud#6d=#Glphqvlrqdphqwr#gh#hqodfhv#Óswlfrv

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;3
WHOHFRPXQLFD§µHV#—#MXEDUWH#0#WHOHFRPPXQLFDWLRQV#VXLWH

Hvwlpdwlyd# gh# wuÁihjr# whohiÔqlfr# h# jhud0


gru#gh#sroÍwlfdv#gh#TrV
Glphqvlrqdphqwr# gh# wuÁihjr# whohiÔqlfr#
dwudyÉv# gh# wÉfqlfdv# gh# Huodqj0E># fÁofxor# gh# odu0
jxud#gh#edqgd#qhfhvvÁuld#sdud#r#wuÁihjr#gh#pÍ0
gld# h# vlqdol}dÇÃr# dwudyÉv# gh# yÁulrv# wlsrv# gh#
whfqrorjld# gh# od|hu# 5# h# od|hu# 6># Ehqfkpdun# gh#
FSXv#gh#phufdgr#qr#surfhvvdphqwr#gh#fkdpd0
gdv>#jhudgru#gh#sroÍwlfdv#gh#TrV#sdud#fdpdgdv#
gh#dfhvvr#h#fruh1

Iljxud#6e=#Glphqvlrqdphqwr#gh#hqodfhv#Óswlfrv
FÁofxor# gh# srwÊqfld# uhfhelgd# shor# uhfhs0
wru#Óswlfr>#dodujdphqwr#whpsrudo#vriulgr#shor#vl0
qdo# h# ghilqlÇÃr# gr# shuilo# gd# ileud># dqÁolvh# juÁilfd#
gh#shugd#gh#srwÊqfld1

Glphqvlrqdphqwr# gh# hqodfhv# gh# VdwÉol0


whv
FÁofxor#gdv#glvwÂqfldv/#gdv#hvwdÇÕhv#wudqv0 Iljxud#8d=#Hvwlpdwlyd#gh#wuÁihjr#whohiÔqlfr#h#jhudgru#gh#sroÍwlfdv#
plvvrudv#h#uhfhswrudv#d#vdwÉolwhv#jhrhvwdflrqÁ0 gh#TrV
ulrv># fÁofxor# gh# Âqjxorv# gh# hohydÇÃr/# d}lpxwh# h#
srodul}dÇÃr# gdv# dqwhqdv# wudqvplvvrudv>#
iuhtxÊqfldv# gh# vxelgd# h# ghvflgd# gr# hqodfh>#
iuhtxÊqfld# lqwhuphglÁuld# grv# prgxodgruhv# h#
frqyhuvruhv#ehp#frpr#d#ghilqlÇÃr#gh#wudqvsrq0
ghuv#d#vhuhp#xvdgrv1

Iljxud#8e=#Hvwlpdwlyd#gh#wuÁihjr#whohiÔqlfr#h#jhudgru#gh#sroÍwlfdv#
gh#TrV

Vlvwhpdv# gh# iruqhflphqwr# gh# hqhujld#


lqlqwhuuxswd

Glphqvlrqdphqwr# gh# edqfrv# gh# edwhuldv# h#


qreuhdnv1
Iljxud#7=#Glphqvlrqdphqwr#gh#hqodfhv#gh#VdwÉolwhv

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;4
WHOHFRPXQLFD§µHV#—#MXEDUWH#0#WHOHFRPPXQLFDWLRQV#VXLWH

jhp# Remhfw0Sdvfdo# xwlol}dqgr# d# LGH# gr# Od}duxv/#


r#txh#wruqd#r#fÓgljr#idflophqwh#sruwÁyho#sdud#yÁ0
uldv#sodwdirupdv1#Jrvwduld#gh#yhu#lqlfldwlydv#vlpl0
oduhv#hp#rxwudv#Áuhdv#ljxdophqwh#frpsoh{dv#gd#
hqjhqkduld/# frpr# d# flylo# h# d# phfÂqlfd1# SruÉp/#
frpr#vh#wudwdp#gh#dsolfdwlyrv#gh#qlfkr#pxlwr#hv0
shfÍilfr/# dfdedp# vhqgr# srxfrv# rv# yroxqwÁulrv#
frp#glvsrvlÇÃr#sdud#wudedokdu#qhvwh#wlsr#gh#sur0
mhwr1# R# Mxeduwh# srgh# vhu# edl{dgr# qr# hqghuhÇr#
kwws=22vlwhv1jrrjoh1frp2vlwh2mxeduwhfdof21# H# yrfÊ/#
jrvwduld#gh#frqwulexluB

Sdud#pdlv#lqirupdÇÕhv=
Iljxud#9=#Vlvwhpdv#gh#iruqhflphqwr#gh#hqhujld#lqlqwhuuxswd
Vlwh#Rilfldo#Mxeduwh
kwws=22vlwhv1jrrjoh1frp2vlwh2mxeduwhfdof2
Glphqvlrqdphqwr# gh# vlvwhpdv# gh# uhiul0
jhudÇÃr

Iljxud#:=#Glphqvlrqdphqwr#gh#vlvwhpdv#gh#uhiuljhudÇÃr
EHQMDPLQ#J³LV#É#Hqjhqkhlur#gh#
Hperud# pxlwr# wudedokr# mÁ# whqkd# vlgr# ihlwr/# WhohfrpxqlfdÇÕhv#frp#fhuwlilfdÇÕhv#Flvfr#
FFQS#h#FFGD/#dwxd#frpr#frqvxowru#hp#
dlqgd# h{lvwh# pxlwr# d# vh# id}hu# hp# pxlwdv# rxwudv# surmhwrv#gh#whohfrpxqlfdÇÕhv#ghvgh#533<1#
Áuhdv#gd#Hqjhqkduld#gh#WhohfrpxqlfdÇÕhv#sdud# ©#ghvhqyroyhgru#grv#surmhwrv#Xexqwx#
Frqwuro#Fhqwhu#h#Mxeduwh#0#
wruqdu# r# Mxeduwh# xp# vriwzduh# frp# dfdedphqwr# Whohfrppxqlfdwlrqv#Vxlwh1
surilvvlrqdo1#R#Mxeduwh#É#ghvhqyroylgr#hp#olqjxd0

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;5
MXULV#—#R#Jrrjoh#Vwuhhw#Ylhz#h#r#frqwuroh#gdv#rplvvÕhv#gr#Srghu#SÚeolfr

GLYXOJD§£R
h#r#frqwuroh#gdv#rplvvÕhv#gr#
Srghu#SÚeolfr
Sru#Zdowhu#Dudqkd#Fdsdqhpd

LqwurgxÇÃr
Dv# qrydv# whfqrorjldv# wurx{hudp# xpd# glpl0
qxlÇÃr#qd#sulydflgdgh#gdv#shvvrdv/#frp#d#idflol0
gdgh# gh# rewhqÇÃr# gh# lqirupdÇÕhv# shvvrdlv# h#
surilvvlrqdlv/# r# txh# lqyrfdyd# d# lghld# gr# Elj#
Eurwkhu#gh#Jhrujh#Ruzhoo1
Hvvh# frqwuroh# suhfrql}dgr# qr# olyur# %4<;7%#
hud# uhdol}dgr# shor# Hvwdgr# hp# uhodÇÃr# drv# flgd0
gÃrv0vÚglwrv/# h# qxqfd# qr# vhqwlgr# lqyhuvr/# hq0
txdqwr# txh# dv# dwxdÇÕhv# jryhuqdphqwdlv#
hvwdydp#d#vdoyr#gd#ilvfdol}dÇÃr#gd#vrflhgdgh1
Wrgdyld/# rv# dydqÇrv# uhodflrqdgrv# À# Lqwhu0
qhw# shuplwhp# mxvwdphqwh# yhulilfdu# h# frqwurodu# d#
dwlylgdgh# gr# Srghu# SÚeolfr# qd# vrflhgdgh/# hp#
judqgh# sduwh# qd# xwlol}dÇÃr# gr# Jrrjoh# Vwuhhw# Yl0
hz/# txh# uhjlvwud# qÃr# vÓ# r# pdshdphqwr# xuedqr/#
pdv#wdpeÉp#dv#rplvvÕhv#sudwlfdgdv#shod#Dgpl0
qlvwudÇÃr#SÚeolfd1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;6
MXULV#—#R#Jrrjoh#Vwuhhw#Ylhz#h#r#frqwuroh#gdv#rplvvÕhv#gr#Srghu#SÚeolfr

R#Jrrjoh#Vwuhhw#Ylhz#h#r#vhx#ixqflrqd0 Sru# hvvh# udflrfÍqlr/# r# Jrrjoh# Vwuhhw# Ylhz/#


phqwr phvpr# qÃr# vh# wudwdqgr# gh# xpd# ihuudphqwd# gh#
R#Jrrjoh#Vwuhhw#Ylhz4#É#xp#vhuylÇr#dfhvvÓ0 fdswxud# hp# whpsr# uhdo/# uhjlvwurx# dfrqwhflphq0
ulr#dr#Jrrjoh#Pdsv/#qr#txdo#hp#ghwhuplqdgdv#yl0 wrv#hp#txh#krxyh#d#rplvvÃr#gd#dwxdÇÃr#gr#Sr0
dv#sÚeolfdv#kÁ#d#srvvlelolgdgh#gd#ylvÃr#gr#srqwr# ghu# SÚeolfr# h/# sulqflsdophqwh/# shuplwh# À#
gh#ylvwd#gh#xp#dxwrpÓyho/#frp#d#uhxqlÃr#gh#pl0 vrflhgdgh# ilvfdol}Á0orv/# dr# frqwuÁulr# gr# txh# irl#
okduhv#gh#irwrjudildv1 suhfrql}dgr#hp#%4<;7%1
Rv# yhÍfxorv# hpsuhjdgrv# sdud# hvvd# wduhid#
hvwÃr# htxlsdgrv# sru# qryh# fÂphudv# gluhflrqdlv/# Dojxqv#h{hpsorv#gh#rplvvÕhv#dgpl0
sdud# fdswxudu# lpdjhqv# hp# Âqjxorv# gh# 693š/# h# qlvwudwlydv
xpd#xqlgdgh#JSV#sdud#wudÇdu#rv#wudmhwrv#h#yhulil0 VÃr#pxlwrv#rv#h{hpsorv#froklgrv#gh#rplv0
fdu#r#srvlflrqdphqwr51# vÕhv# qdv# dwxdÇÕhv# hvwdwdlv# froklgrv# shor# Jrr0
Hvvh#vhuylÇr/#odqÇdgr#hp#533:/#mÁ#glvsrqlel0 joh#Vwuhhw#Ylhz/#wdlv#txdlv=#
ol}dgr#qd#Hxursd/#qd#DpÉulfd#gr#Qruwh/#qd#Dxv0 0#D#%FudfroÂqgld%#gh#VÃr#Sdxor>
wuÁold/# h# hp# dojxqv# sdÍvhv# gd# ¡vld/# hvwuhrx# qd#
DpÉulfd#gr#Vxo#hp#vhwhpeur#gh#5343/#fdswxudq0
gr# qÃr# vÓ# lpdjhqv# ehoÍvvlpdv/# pdv# iodjudqwhv#
gr# frwlgldqr/# hvshfldophqwh# hqyroyhqgr# rplv0
vÕhv#gr#Srghu#SÚelfr1
Sdud#hylwdu#ylrodÇÕhv#À#sulydflgdgh#grv#lqgl0 ######Sdud#hylwdu#
yÍgxrv/#r#Jrrjoh#Vwuhhw#Ylhz#srvvxl#xpd#whfqror0
jld# txh# glvwrufh# urvwrv# h# sodfdv# gh# dxwrpÓyho/# ylrodÇÕhv#À#sulydflgdgh#
srvvlelolwdqgr# txh# vh# idÇd# d# uhprÇÃr# gd# lpd0
jhp#sru#vrolflwdÇÃr#gdtxhoh#txh#whyh#d#lqwlplgd0 grv#lqglyÍgxrv/#r#Jrrjoh#
gh#ylrodgd61
Ghvvd#irupd/#kÁ#r#pdshdphqwr#gh#judqgh#
Vwuhhw#Ylhz#srvvxl#xpd#
sduwh# gdv# yldv# h# gr# prelolÁulr# xuedqr/# ehp# fr0 whfqrorjld#txh#glvwrufh#
pr# r# uhjlvwur# gh# dfrqwhflphqwrv# gr# frwlgldqr#
gdv#flgdghv1 urvwrv#h#sodfdv#gh#
dxwrpÓyho/#srvvlelolwdqgr#
R#Jrrjoh#Vwuhhw#Ylhz#h#r#uhjlvwur#gdv#
rplvvÕhv#dgplqlvwudwlydv txh#vh#idÇd#d#uhprÇÃr#
D#rplvvÃr#dgplqlvwudwlyd#frqvlvwh#qd#lqdwlyl0
gdgh# hvwdwdo# txh# ghl{d# gh# fxpsulu# ghwhuplqdgr# gd#lpdjhp#sru#
pdqgdphqwr#ohjdo#rx#frqvwlwxflrqdo/#r#txh#srgh0
uÁ# rfdvlrqdu# hp# xp# dfrqwhflphqwr# txh# fdxvh#
vrolflwdÇÃr#gdtxhoh
gdqrv#d#xp#sduwlfxodu#rx#d#frohwlylgdgh1 txh#whyh#d#lqwlplgdgh#
Frvwxpd0vh# mxvwlilfdu/# hp# judqgh# sduwh/# d#
rplvvÃr# sudwlfdgd# shor# Hvwdgr/# vre# d# dohjdÇÃr# ylrodgd1
gh#txh#qÃr#kÁ#frpr#d#DgplqlvwudÇÃr#SÚeolfd#whu#
flÊqfld#gh#wrgrv#rv#idwrv#rfruulgrv#h#qhp#d#yldel0 Zdowhu#Fdsdqhpd
olgdgh#gh#lpshgl0orv#rx#uhsduÁ0orv1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;7
MXULV#—#R#Jrrjoh#Vwuhhw#Ylhz#h#r#frqwuroh#gdv#rplvvÕhv#gr#Srghu#SÚeolfr

FrqfoxvÃr
Sruwdqwr/# phvpr# txh# r# Jrrjoh# Vwuhhw# Yl0
hz#qÃr#vhmd#xpd#ihuudphqwd#gh#fdswxud#gh#lpd0
D#rplvvÃr# jhqv# hp# whpsr# uhdo/# d# vxd# whfqrorjld# shuplwlx#
dgplqlvwudwlyd#frqvlvwh# uhjlvwudu# idwrv# hp# txh# krxyh# ghvfdvr# gr# Srghu#
SÚeolfr# qd# frqvhfxÇÃr# gh# vxdv# ilqdolgdghv# h#
qd#lqdwlylgdgh#hvwdwdo#txh# txh/#slru/#vh#uhshwhp#glduldphqwh#hp#qrvvdv#fl0
gdghv1
ghl{d#gh#fxpsulu# ©# wduhid# # grv# xvxÁulrv0flgdgÃrv# ghvfreulu#
hvvhv# iodjudqwhv# h/# sru# frqvhjxlqwh/# ghqxqfldu#
ghwhuplqdgr# hvvhv#idwrv#Àv#dxwrulgdghv#sÚeolfdv1
pdqgdphqwr#ohjdo#rx#
frqvwlwxflrqdo/#r#txh#
srgh#rfdvlrqdu#hp#xp#
dfrqwhflphqwr#txh#
fdxvh#gdqrv#d#xp#
UhihuÊqfldv=
sduwlfxodu#rx#d#
41##Jrrjoh#Pdsv#zlwk#Vwuhhw#Ylhz1#GlvsrqÍyho#hp#
frohwlylgdgh1 ?kwws=22zzz1jrrjoh1frp2lqwo2hqbxv2khos2pdsv2vwuhhwylhz2A1
#Dfhvvr#hp=#441rxw153431#

Zdowhu#Fdsdqhpd 51##Ehklqg#wkh#Vfhqhv1#GlvsrqÍyho#hp#
?kwws=22zzz1jrrjoh1frp2lqwo2hqbxv2khos2pdsv2vwuhhwylhz2e
hklqg0wkh0vfhqhv1kwpoA1#Dfhvvr#hp=441rxw153431
0#´qlexv#gh#FrqgrpÍqlrv#gd#Eduud#gd#Wlmx0
61##Sulydf|1#GlvsrqÍyho#hp#
fd# hvwdflrqdgrv# hp# ilod# gxsod# qd# Uxd# Ylvfrqgh# ?kwws=22zzz1jrrjoh1frp2lqwo2hqbxv2khos2pdsv2vwuhhwylhz2su
gh#LqkdÚpd/#qr#Fhqwur#gr#Ulr#gh#Mdqhlur7> lydf|1kwpoA1#Dfhvvr#hp=441rxw153431
0#Rv#srqwrv#gh#ydq#lohjdlv#qd#Dyhqlgd#Suhvl0
71#GlvsrqÍyho#hp#?kwws=22plxg1lq2js]A1Dfhvvr#hp#
ghqwh#Ydujdv/#qr#Fhqwur#gr#Ulr#gh#Mdqhlur> 441rxw153431
0#´qlexv#ihfkdqgr#rv#fux}dphqwrv#qd#Dyh0
81#GlvsrqÍyho#hp#?kwws=22plxg1lq2jt4A1Dfhvvr#hp#
qlgd# Suhvlghqwh# DqwÔqlr# Fduorv/# qr# Fhqwur# gr# 441rxw153431
Ulr#gh#Mdqhlur81

ZDOWHU#FDSDQHPD#É#surihvvru#gd#
Qhvvhv# uhjlvwurv/# krxyh# d# ylrodÇÃr# gr# sr0 Hvfrod#gd#Pdjlvwudwxud#gr#Hvwdgr#gr#Ulr#gh#
ghu#gh#sroÍfld#hvwdwdo#hp#fxlgdu#gr#wuÂqvlwr#xued0 Mdqhlur#^ #HPHUM#+Eudvlo,1#Irupdgr#shod#
Xqlyhuvlgdgh#Vdqwd#ºuvxod#0#XVX1#Dgyrjdgr#
qr/# ehp# frpr# hp# sursruflrqdu# d# vhjxudqÇd# qr#Hvwdgr#gr#Ulr#gh#Mdqhlur1#Hpdlo=#
sÚeolfd#hp#Áuhdv#gh#uhfrqkhflgr#shuljr1 zdowhufdsdqhpdCjorer1frp#h#vlwh=#
zzz1zdowhufdsdqhpd1frp1eu

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;8
MXULV#—#D#TXHVW£R#GR#DQRQLPDWR#QD#LQWHUQHW# #OX]#GD#OHL

\hoor0Grj#0#v{f1kx
D#txhvwÃr#gr#dqrqlpdwr#qd#
Lqwhuqhw#À#ox}#gd#Ohl#
Sru#Urqh|#PÉglfh

Frp# r# dgyhqwr# gd# fuldÇÃr# gd# Lqwhuqhw/# d#


sduwlu# gd# gÉfdgd# gh# <3/# pxlwdv# shvvrdv# sxgh0
udp# wudedokdu# hp# frqmxqwr/# frpsduwlokdqgr# gd0
grv/# lqirupdÇÕhv# h# grfxphqwrv# qhvvd# judqgh#
uhgh# gh# frpsxwdgruhv1# Rfruuhx# xpd# h{sdqvÃr#
h{sorvlyd#gd#Lqwhuqhw#qhvvd#Ésrfd/#prwlydgd#sru#
idowd# gh# xpd# dgplqlvwudÇÃr# fhqwudo# dvvlp# frpr#
À# qdwxuh}d# dehuwd# grv# surwrfrorv# gd# Lqwhuqhw1# R#
dfhvvr#d#xp#judqgh#qÚphur#gh#lqirupdÇÕhv#glv0
srqÍyhlv#Àv#shvvrdv/#frp#lghldv#h#fxowxudv#glih0
uhqwhv/# srgh# dfduuhwdu# wdqwr# hp# xpd# phokrud#
grv# frqfhlwrv# gd# vrflhgdgh# frpr# xp# ghfoÍqlr/#
ghshqghqgr# gdv# lqirupdÇÕhv# h{lvwhqwhv# qd# Lq0
whuqhw#h#sru#txhp#dv#glvsrqlelol}dp1###
Hp# whpsr# gh# Lqwhuqhw# rqgh# h{lvwh# xpd#
judqgh# prelolgdgh# whfqroÓjlfd/# shufhehprv#
txh# d# fdgd# sdvvr# gdgr# hp# qrvvd# %ylgd# gljlwdo%/#
ghl{dprv#udvwurv#gh#lqirupdÇÕhv#h#gdgrv#frqil0
ghqfldlv#shod#judqgh#uhgh#gh#frpsxwdgruhv1#Qr0
ylgdghB# DwÉ# txh# qÃr/# srlv# vrprv# %dqwhqdgrv%#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;9
MXULV#—#D#TXHVW£R#GR#DQRQLPDWR#QD#LQWHUQHW# #OX]#GD#OHL

qd# whfqrorjld# h# txhuhprv# whu# vwdwxv/# surfxud0 vrv/#whohylvÃr#h#uÁglr/#frphÇdvvhp#d#glyxojdu#lq0


prv#qrv#glyxojdu#gd#phokru#pdqhlud#srvvÍyho#id0 irupdÇÕhv# lqyhuÍglfdv# vreuh# ghwhuplqdgdv#
}hqgr# r# txh# frqkhfhprv# frpr# Pdunhwlqj# shvvrdv/# hpsuhvdv/# sroÍwlfrv# h# hwf/# gh# wdo# irupd#
Gljlwdo1 d# fuldu# frqvwudqjlphqwrv/# suhmxÍ}rv# À# lpdjhp#
Hqwuhwdqwr/# hp# dojxqv# prphqwrv# gxudqwh# gdv#hpsuhvdv#h#rxwudv#frqvhtxÊqfldv#hp#txh#d#
d#qrvvd#qdyhjdÇÃr#qd#judqgh#uhgh#gh#frpsxwd0 yÍwlpd# qÃr# srvvd# lghqwlilfdu# r# dxwru# ghvvhv# id0
gruhv/# whprv# d# rsruwxqlgdgh# gh# frphqwdu# do0 wrv1# Vhuld# xp# ghvdvwuh# qdv# uhodÇÕhv# shvvrdlv# h#
jxqv# duwljrv# sxeolfdgrv/# frp# r# txdo# srghprv# sdud# d# suÓsuld# hfrqrpld/# srlv# vhp# d# lghqwlilfd0
frqfrugdu#rx#glvfrugdu#gr#fdplqkr#wudÇdgr#shor# ÇÃr#gr#dxwru#gr#pdqlihvwr/#qÃr#kdyhuld#d#srvvl0
dxwru1#Hp#pxlwrv#fdvrv#h#dfuhglwr#txh#vhmd#d#pdl0 elolgdgh# gd# yÍwlpd# vh# ghihqghu# dr# srqwr# gh#
ruld/#txhp#jrvwd#gh#rslqdu#vreuh#xp#ghwhuplqd0 fhvvdu# dv# suryrfdÇÕhv# h# doÉp# glvvr/# frpr# sr0
gr# frqwhÚgr# sxeolfdgr# qr# vlwh# rx# eorj/# ghl{d# ghuld# dojxÉp# vhu# uhvsrqvdelol}dgr# shorv# gdqrv#
uhjlvwudgr#r#qrph#h#vreuhqrph#dvvlp#frpr#r#h0 fdxvdgrvB
pdlo#sdud#xp#srvvÍyho#frqwdwr#qr#ixwxur1 Qrv# gldv# dwxdlv/# vh# h{lvwhp# surfhvvrv# qr#
Hvvh# surfhglphqwr# ghyhuld# vhu# vhjxlgr# mxglflÁulr# frp# olghv# vreuh# rv# fulphv# gh# fdoÚqld/#
sru#wrgrv/#qr#txdo#yrfÊ#vh#lghqwlilfd#h#rslqd#vr0 glidpdÇÃr# h# lqmÚuld/# É# srutxh# h{lvwh# xp# dxwru#
euh# xp# ghwhuplqdgr# dvvxqwr/# jhudqgr# xpd# h{0 lghqwlilfdgr# sdud# uhvsrqghu# shorv# rv# vhxv# dwrv1#
shfwdwlyd#dr#dxwru#gr#duwljr#txh#ilfduÁ#pxlwr#ihol}# Phvpr#txh#r#dxwru#vhmd#r#suryÁyho/#vhp#d#ghyl0
hp#vdehu#txh#shvvrdv#vh#lqwhuhvvdudp#shor#vhx#
frqwhÚgr# h# hvwÃr# glvsrvwdv# d# wurfdu# lghldv1# Qd0
gd#pdlv#iuxvwdqwh#É#dojxÉp#ohu#r#vhx#pdwhuldo#sx0
eolfdgr#h#qr#ilqdo/#qÃr#vh#lghqwlilfdu#sdud#id}hu#r#
frphqwÁulr/#hvfuhyhqgr#yÁulrv#devxugrv#dwdfdq0 ######Wrgr#flgdgÃr#whp#
gr#r#suÓsulr#dxwru/#rfruuhqgr#hp#fulphv#gh#FdoÚ0
qld/# GlidpdÇÃr# h# LqmÚuld/# hvwhv# wlslilfdgrv# hp# r#gluhlwr#gh#h{suhvvdu#r#
qrvvr# FÓgljr# Shqdo# Eudvlohlur# qrv# Duwljrv# 46;/#
46<#h#473/#uhvshfwlydphqwh1 vhx#shqvdphqwr/#
Wrgdyld/# whprv# txh# whu# d# frqvflÊqfld# txh#
hp# qrvvd# Fduwd# Pdjqd/# d# FrqvwlwxlÇÃr# Ihghudo#
pdqlihvwdu#r#vhx
Eudvlohlud# gh# 4<;;/# hqwuh# rv# vhxv# glvsrvlwlyrv# lghdo#sxeolfdphqwh#
pdlv#lpsruwdqwhv/#ghvwdfr#xp#txh#wudwd#grv#gluhl0
wrv#h#ghyhuhv#lqglylgxdlv#h#frohwlyrv/#ghvfulwr#qr# sruÉp/#qÃr#srgh#vhu#gh#
duwljr# 8š# lqflvr# LY# txh# suhfhlwxd# fLY# ^ # É# olyuh# d#
pdqlihvwdÇÃr# gr# shqvdphqwr/# vhqgr# yhgdgr# r# irupd#dqÔqlpd#srlv#É#
dqrqlpdwrg1# Rx# vhmd/# wrgr# flgdgÃr# whp# r# gluhlwr#
gh# h{suhvvdu# r# vhx# shqvdphqwr/# pdqlihvwdu# r# yhgdgr#+surlelgr,#shod#
vhx# lghdo# sxeolfdphqwh# sruÉp/# qÃr# srgh# vhu# gh#
irupd#dqÔqlpd#srlv#É#yhgdgr#+surlelgr,#shod#qrv0
qrvvd#FrqvwlwxlÇÃr#
vd#FrqvwlwxlÇÃr#Ihghudo1 Ihghudo1
Dqdolvdqgr# r# wh{wr# ghvvh# lqflvr/# srghprv#
uhdophqwh#qrwdu#txdo#hud#d#suhrfxsdÇÃr#gr#ohjlv0 Urqh|#PÉglfh
odgru#gd#Ésrfd#hp#txh#d#Fduwd#Pdjqd#irl#surpxo0
jdgd1# Lpdjlqh# vh# rv# phlrv# gh# frpxqlfdÇÃr/#
txh# qd# Ésrfd# vh# uhvxpldp# drv# mruqdlv# lpsuhv0

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;:
MXULV#—#D#TXHVW£R#GR#DQRQLPDWR#QD#LQWHUQHW# #OX]#GD#OHL

olgr/# srlv# qÃr# kÁ# fkhfdjhp# sru# sduwh# gr# vlwh# d#


ydolgdÇÃr#grv#gdgrv#lqirupdgrv1#HvwduÁ#hvvh#fr0
phqwÁulr#hp#vlwxdÇÃr#%lohjdo%#shudqwh#d#OhlB
©#xpd#txhvwÃr#txh#uhqgh#pxlwd#glvfxvvÃr#
Wrgdyld/# hp#wruqr#gr#dvvxqwr#srlv#qr#prphqwr#txh#vh#lq0
irupd#txdotxhu#qrph#dgyhuvr#gd#lghqwlgdgh#shv0
vdehprv#txh#qÃr#É#wÃr# vrdo# gr# frphqwdulvwd/# hvwÁ# dwhqglgr# r# suhfhlwr#
vlpsohv#dvvlp#hylwdu#r# ohjdo/# srlv# qÃr# lqfruuh# qr# dqrqlpdwr/# sruÉp/# lq0
fruuh#hp#rxwud#vlwxdÇÃr#txh/#qhvvh#fdvr/#fdudf0
dqrqlpdwr#srlv#phvpr# whul}d# xp# fulph# wlslilfdgr# qr# FÓgljr# Shqdo#
Eudvlohlur/#r#gh#Idovlgdgh#LghroÓjlfd#frqiruph#r#
txh#vhmd#qhfhvvÁulr# Duwljr#5<<1

lqirupdu#r#qrph#h#r#h0 Xp# h{hpsor# gh# xp# fdvr# txh# hqyroyhx# d#


txhvwÃr#gr#dqrqlpdwr#qd#Lqwhuqhw#h#pxlwr#glixq0
pdlo#sdud#frphqwdu#xp# glgr# qd# pÍgld/# irl# r# fdvr# gr# Jrrjoh# txh# whyh#
txh# lqghql}du# xp# flgdgÃr# txh# irl# doyr# gh# rihq0
wh{wr/#r#lqwhuqdxwd#srgh# vdv#uhdol}dgdv#qd#ihuudphqwd#gh#eorjv#gd#hpsuh0
vd# +Eorjjhu# ^™`,1# R# mxl}# gr# surfhvvr# ghwhuplqrx#
vlpsohvphqwh#lqyhqwdu# txh#r#Jrrjoh#uhwludvvh#rlwr#sÁjlqdv#gr#eorj#frp#
frqwhÚgrv#rihqvlyrv#dr#dxwru#gd#dÇÃr#vre#shqd#
xp#qrph#h#gljlwdu#xp#h0 gh#xpd#ghwhuplqdgd#pxowd#glÁuld1

pdlo#lqyÁolgr111 D#vhqwhqÇd/#dr#ilqdo#gr#surfhvvr/#irl#surihul0
gd#h#r#Jrrjoh#irl#reuljdgr#d#sdjdu#xpd#txdqwld#
d# wÍwxor# gh# lqghql}dÇÃr# prudo1#D# hpsuhvd# uhfru0
Urqh|#PÉglfh
uhx#dohjdqgr#txh#hod#qÃr#srghuld#vhu#uhvsrqvd0
elol}dgd#shor#frqwhÚgr#fuldgr#sru#vhxv#xvxÁulrv/#
pdv# d# ghvhpedujdgrud# gr# fdvr# frqiluprx# d#
vhqwhqÇd# hvfoduhfhqgr# hp# vhx# ghvsdfkr# txh#
%À#phglgd#txh#d#suryhgrud#gh#frqwhÚgr#glvsrql0
gd#frpsurydÇÃr/#srlv#lvvr#vhuÁ#glvfxwlgr#qr#pÉ0 elol}d#qd#Lqwhuqhw#xp#vhuylÇr#vhp#glvsrvlwlyrv#gh#
ulwr#gd#olgh1#Pdv#whuhprv#vhpsuh#xp#%vxvshlwr%/# vhjxudqÇd# h# frqwurohv# pÍqlprv# h/# dlqgd/# shupl0
frp#edvh#qd#yhgdÇÃr#gr#dqrqlpdwr1 wh# d# sxeolfdÇÃr# gh# pdwhuldo# gh# frqwhÚgr# olyuh/#
Glyhuvrv# vlwhv# gh# frqwhÚgr# mÁ# vh# suhrfx0 vhp#vhtxhu#lghqwlilfdu#r#xvxÁulr/#ghyh#uhvsrqvd0
sdp# frp# hvvd# pÁ{lpd# gr# dqrqlpdwr# h# qrv# elol}du0vh# shor# ulvfr# rulxqgr# gh# vhx# hpsuhhqgl0
vhxv#frqwurohv#gh#frphqwÁulrv#drv#duwljrv#sxeol0 phqwr%1
fdgrv/# srvvxhp# frqiljxudÇÃr# txh# ghwhuplqd# D# surlelÇÃr# dr# dqrqlpdwr# É# dpsod/# deudq0
txh# sdud# vhu# dglflrqdgr# xp# frphqwÁulr/# d# shv0 jhqgr# wrgrv# rv# phlrv# gh# frpxqlfdÇÃr/# phvpr#
vrd#whp#txh#lqirupdu#r#qrph#h#r#h0pdlo#gh#frqwd0 dv#phqvdjhqv#gh#Lqwhuqhw1#QÃr#srgh#kdyhu#phq0
wr/#hylwdqgr#dvvlp#txh#r#dqrqlpdwr#dfrqwhÇd1 vdjhqv# lqmxulrvdv/# glidpdwÓuldv# rx# fdoxqlrvdv1#D#
Wrgdyld/#vdehprv#txh#qÃr#É#wÃr#vlpsohv#dv0 FrqvwlwxlÇÃr#Ihghudo#yhgd#r#dqrqlpdwr#sdud#hyl0
vlp#hylwdu#r#dqrqlpdwr#srlv#phvpr#txh#vhmd#qh0 wdu# pdqlihvwdÇÕhv# gh# rslqlÕhv# iÚwhlv/# lqixqgd0
fhvvÁulr# lqirupdu# r# qrph# h# r# h0pdlo# sdud# gdv/# lqyhuÍglfdv# txh# whp# frpr# sursÓvlwr=# lqwxlwr#
frphqwdu# xp# wh{wr/# r# lqwhuqdxwd# srgh# vlpsohv0 gh# ghvuhvshlwr# À# ylgd# sulydgd/# À# lqwlplgdgh/# À#
phqwh#lqyhqwdu#xp#qrph#h#gljlwdu#xp#h0pdlo#lqyÁ0 krqud#gh#rxwuhp#frqiruph#r#fdvr#dflpd#flwdgr1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;;
MXULV#—#D#TXHVW£R#GR#DQRQLPDWR#QD#LQWHUQHW# #OX]#GD#OHL

Uhfhqwhphqwh/#r#Pdufr#Flylo#gd#Lqwhuqhw#uh0 srghuÃr# ohydu# dr# yhugdghlur# uhvsrqvÁyho# shod#


fhehx#glyhuvdv#vxjhvwÕhv#sdud#phokruld#qdv#uh0 pdqlihvwdÇÃr# gr# shqvdphqwr/# uhjlvwudgr# qr#
judv# h# qrupdv# gh# xwlol}dÇÃr# gd# Lqwhuqhw1# Ghqwuh# eorj1#
hodv/#xpd#txhvwÃr#ohydqwdgd#É#vreuh#r#dqrqlpd0 Hqwuhwdqwr/# frqiruph# mÁ# frphqwdgr# hp# rx0
wr# qd# Lqwhuqhw/# xpd# vlwxdÇÃr# hvvd# ehp# shfxoldu# wurv# duwljrv/# hvvd# lghqwlilfdÇÃr# srgh# vhu# wrwdo0
h# fdudfwhul}dgr# shod# %ylgd# prghuqd%# txh# whprv1# phqwh#vhp#vhqwlgr#txdqgr#qrv#ghsdudprv#frp#
Qr# phlr# gljlwdo/# qÃr# É# gliÍflo# xwlol}du# ihuudphqwdv#
yÁuldv# uhghv# vhp# ilr# +zluhohvv,# ghvsurylgrv# gh#
h# duwliÍflrv# sdud# qdyhjdu# %dqrqlpdphqwh%# frpr# qhqkxp# wlsr# gh# fulswrjudild# gh# frqh{Ãr/# id}hq0
r# vlvwhpd# Wkru# h# rxwudv# vroxÇÕhv# txh# dxphq0 gr# dvvlp/# frp# txh# txdotxhu# shvvrd# srvvd# xwlol0
wdp# dlqgd# pdlv# d# fdsdflgdgh# gh# qdyhjdÇÃr# }du# hvvd# uhgh# sdud# uhjlvwudu# xp# frphqwÁulr#
vhp#vhu#ghvfrehuwr#d#vxd#suÓsuld#lghqwlgdgh1 rihqvlyr# vhp# whu# uhdophqwh# d# vxd# lghqwlgdgh# uh0
Fodur# txh# yhvwÍjlrv# gh# dfhvvr# yÃr# rfruuhu# yhodgd1
frpr# d# lghqwlilfdÇÃr# gr# LS# txh# vhuÁ# uhjlvwudgr# Frqwxgr/# r# dqrqlpdwr# qd# Lqwhuqhw# É# ohjdo0
qr#prphqwr#gh#frphqwdu#xp#duwljr/#r#orj#gr#sur0 phqwh#yhgdgr#sruÉp#hvvh#dvvxqwr#É#sdofr#sdud#
yhgru#gh#Lqwhuqhw#sdud#lghqwlilfdu#r#dxwru#gr#dfhv0 pxlwd#frqyhuvd#h#glvfxvvÃr#txh#suhflvdprv#qrv#
vr#ylqfxodgr#dr#LS#udvwuhdgr#h#rxwudv#dÇÕhv#txh# xqlu# sdud# fkhjdu# hp# xp# ghwhuplqdgr# qÍyho# gh#
dfhlwdÇÃr# shod# vrflhgdgh1# Phvpr# txh# d# Ohl# yh0
gh#r#dqrqlpdgr/#krmh#É#r#txh#pdlv#yhprv#dfrq0
whfhu# qdv# pÍgldv# vrfldlv# frp# d# fuldÇÃr# gh# shuilo#
idnh# +idovr,/# dsholgrv# frpr# vh# irvvhp# qrphv#
Qr#phlr#gljlwdo/# yhugdghlurv# h# rxwudv# vlwxdÇÕhv# txh# vÓ# wud}hp#
sureohpdv# sdud# dv# yÍwlpdv# ghvvhv# edghuqhlurv#
qÃr#É#gliÍflo#xwlol}du# gljlwdlv1

ihuudphqwdv#h#duwliÍflrv#
sdud#qdyhjdu# UhihuÊqfldv=

%dqrqlpdphqwh%#frpr#r# ^4`#kwws=22zzz1eorjjhu1frp

vlvwhpd#Wkru#h#rxwudv#
vroxÇÕhv#txh#dxphqwdp#
dlqgd#pdlv#d#fdsdflgdgh#
gh#qdyhjdÇÃr#vhp#vhu#
ghvfrehuwr#d#vxd#suÓsuld# URQH\#P©GLFH#É#frrughqdgru#gh#
lghqwlgdgh1 vhjxudqÇd#gd#lqirupdÇÃr#gr#Whuplqdo#
UhwursruwxÁulr#Klshu#H{sruw#V2D/#qr#Sruwr#gh#
YlwÓuld/#frp#pdlv#gh#43#dqrv#gh#h{shulÊqfld#
qd#Áuhd1#Frqvxowru#gh#VhjxudqÇd#gd#
Urqh|#PÉglfh LqirupdÇÃr#gr#Juxsr#Rwwr#Dqgudgh1#Shulwr#
Gljlwdo#frp#fhuwlilfdÇÃr#FGIL1#Phpeur#
ixqgdgru#gr#FVD#0#Forxg#Vhfxulw|#Dooldqfh#0#
Fkdswhu#Eud}lo/#phpeur#gr#FrplwÊ#
DEQW2FE054#qd#Áuhd#gh#VhjxudqÇd#gd#
LqirupdÇÃr1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj ;<
HQWHUSULVH#—#R#Dqgurlg#hvwÁ#suhsdudgr#sdud#r#phufdgr#frusrudwlyrB

VhuÁ#txh#r

hvwÁ#suhsdudgr#sdud#r#
phufdgr#frusrudwlyrB

Sru#Jloehuwr#VxguÉ

D# frqtxlvwd# gr# phufdgr# gr# h# xpd# judqgh# glvsrqlelolgd0


gh# fhoxoduhv/# frp# vxdv# wd{dv# gh# gh# dsolfdwlyrv# qd# ormd# gd#
gh# fuhvflphqwr# gh# grlv# gÍjlwrv/# Dssoh1
É# r# remhwlyr# gh# pxlwdv# hpsuh0 Gr# rxwur# odgr# r# Dqgurlg/#
vdv# frpr# Dssoh# +lRV,/# Jrrjoh# frp# phqrv# gh# grlv# dqrv# gh#
+Dqgurlg,/#ULP#+Eodfnehuu|,/#Qr0 phufdgr/#yhp#olwhudophqwh#ffru0
nld#+V|peldq,#h#Plfurvriw#+Zlq0 uhqgr# sru# irudg# h# jdqkdqgr#
grzv# Skrqh# :,1# Fdgd# xpd# d# pdlv# dghswrv# qr# phufdgr# gr0
vxd# pdqhlud/# whqwd# frqyhqfhu# pÉvwlfr# d# fdgd# gld1# Qrv# Hvwd0
xvxÁulrv# h# hpsuhvdv# d# dghul0 grv# Xqlgrv# hoh# mÁ# É# d# whufhlud#
uhp# d# vxd# sodwdirupd1# Dshvdu# sodwdirupd# pdlv# srsxodu/# frp#
grv# yÁulrv# frqfruuhqwhv/# dr# 4:(#gr#phufdgr/#vhjxqgr#shv0
txh#wxgr#lqglfd/#grlv#ghohv#whp# txlvd#gd#frqvxowruld#frpVfruh1
uhdlv# fkdqfhv# gh# euljdu# shod# ol0
ghudqÇd=#d#Dssoh#h#r#Jrrjoh1 D#gÚylgd#É=#vhuÁ#txh#r#Dq0
gurlg# whuÁ# d# fdsdflgdgh# gh# uh0
R# lSkrqh# mÁ# frqtxlvwrx# shwlu# hvwh# vxfhvvr# qr# phufdgr#
vxd#ohjlÃr#gh#dghswrv#frp#vxd# frusrudwlyrB# Phvpr# frp# dv#
lqwhuidfh#iÁflo/#ghvljq#glihuhqfld0

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <3
HQWHUSULVH#—#R#Dqgurlg#hvwÁ#suhsdudgr#sdud#r#phufdgr#frusrudwlyrB

fuÍwlfdv# dr# vlvwhpd# sru# fdxvd# phvpr# whpsr1# Frp# fhuwh}d# gh# rihuhfhu# xpd# vhjxudqÇd#
gdv# yÁuldv# yhuvÕhv# xwlol}dgdv# xpd# fdudfwhuÍvwlfd# qhfhvvÁuld# frpsohwd#pdv#hp#uhodÇÃr#d#hv0
shodv# rshudgrudv# hx# dfuhglwr# sdud#rv#xvxÁulrv#frusrudwlyrv1# wd# txhvwÃr# sduhfh# qÃr# kdyhu#
txh# vlp# ghylgr# dv# vhjxlqwhv# D# irupd# gh# dfhvvr# drv# gÚylgd# gh# txh# r# Dqgurlg# É# r#
txhvwÕhv1 dsolfdwlyrv# glvsrqÍyhlv# wdpeÉp# yhqfhgru# ghylgr# d# vxd# ruljhp#
Xp# srqwr# lpsruwdqwh# qd# ghl{d# fodur# d# glihuhqÇd# hqwuh# edvhdgd# qr# Olqx{1# Qr# Dqgurlg#
dfhlwdÇÃr# gr# Dqgurlg# É# d# vxd# dv#gxdv#sodwdirupdv1#Dr#frqwuÁ0 rv# dsolfdwlyrv# vÃr# h{hfxwdgrv#
ioh{lelolgdgh#qd#xwlol}dÇÃr#gr#vlv0 ulr# gd#Dssoh# Vwruh# txh# rihuhfh# frp# shuplvvÕhv# hvshfÍilfdv#
whpd# hp# glyhuvrv# fhoxoduhv# gh# dshqdv# rv# dsolfdwlyrv# dfhlwrv# txh#frqwurodp#r#txh#r#dss#sr0
glihuhqwhv# ideulfdqwhv1# Lvwr# shu0 shod#ideulfdqwh/#qr#fdvr#gr#Dq0 gh# rx# qÃr# id}hu1# Rxwud# ydqwd0
plwh# xpd# rihuwd# glihuhqfldgd# gurlg# Pdunhw# d# rihuwd# gh# dssv# jhp# hvwÁ# qd# suÓsuld# ilorvrild#
gh# dsduhokrv# txh# srghp# dwhq0 É# pdlv# ghprfuÁwlfd# h# shuplwh# gd# glyhuvlgdgh/# frpr# dfrqwhfh#
ghu# d# qhfhvvlgdghv# hvshfÍil0 txh#rv##ghvhqyroyhgruhv#rihuh0 frp#r#Olqx{/#d#sodwdirupd#dehu0
fdv# gdv# hpsuhvdv1# Lvwr# Çdp# dsolfdÇÕhv# gh# dfrugr# frp# wd# vljqlilfd# txh# d# frpxqlgdgh#
wdpeÉp# vljqlilfd# frqfruuÊqfld# rv# lqwhuhvvhv# h# h{ljÊqfldv# gh# pxqgldo# gh# ghvhqyroyhgruhv# h#
hqwuh# rv# ideulfdqwhv/# r# txh# É# vhxv# folhqwhv1#D# ioh{lelolgdgh# qd# xvxÁulrv# srgh# dfrpsdqkdu# h#
erp#sdud#r#folhqwh1 rihuwd#gh#dsolfdwlyrv#qrv#ohyd#d# phokrudu#d#vhjxudqÇd1
rxwud#txhvwÃr1#Frpr#É#d#vhjx0 Rxwudv# txhvwÕhv# frpr# d#
R# vlvwhpd# wdpeÉp# lqfoxl#
udqÇd#gr#vlvwhpd#DqgurlgB# ioh{lelolgdgh# gh# shuvrqdol}d0
qdwlydphqwh# r# uhfxuvr# gh# vhu#
pxowlwduhid# shuplwlqgr# d# h{hfx0 Qhqkxp#vlvwhpd#rshudflr0 ÇÃr/# vxsruwh# dr# Iodvk# gd# Dgr0
ÇÃr# gh# yÁulrv# dsolfdwlyrv# dr# qdo/#pÓyho#rx#sdud#ghvnwrs#sr0 eh# h# fxvwr/# id}hp# frp# txh# r#
Dqgurlg# hvwhmd# surqwr# wdqwr# sd0
ud# r# phufdgr# grpÉvwlfr# frpr#
r#phufdgr#frusrudwlyr1

#######Dr#frqwuÁulr#gd#Dssoh#Vwruh#
txh#rihuhfh#dshqdv#rv#dsolfdwlyrv# JLOEHUWR#VXGU©#

dfhlwrv#shod#ideulfdqwh/#qr#fdvr#gr# É#surihvvru/#frqvxo0
wru#h#shvtxlvdgru#gd#
Áuhd#gh#VhjxudqÇd#
Dqgurlg#Pdunhw#d#rihuwd#gh#dssv#É# gd#LqirupdÇÃr1#Fr0
phqwdulvwd#gh#Whfqr0
orjld#gd#UÁglr#FEQ1#
pdlv#ghprfuÁwlfd111 Duwlfxolvwd#gr#Mruqdo#
D#Jd}hwd#h#Sruwdo#
lPdvwhuv1#Dxwru#grv#ol0
yurv#Dqwhqdgr#qd#
Jloehuwr#VxguÉ Whfqrorjld/#Uhghv#
gh#Frpsxwdgruhv#h#
Lqwhuqhw=#R#hqfrqwur#
gh#5#Pxqgrv1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <4
HQWHUSULVH#—#VRIWZDUH#SURSULHW¡ULR=#SHULJR#SDUD#HPSUHVDV

Vriwzduh#sursulhwÁulr=
Shuljr#sdud#dv#hpsuhvdv
Sru#Gdljr#Dvxnd

Vlp/#É#lvvr#phvpr#txh#yr0 frpr#EhEr{1
fÊ# ohx=# hpsuhvdv# fruuhp# glyhu0 Hud# uhdophqwh# erpB# R#
vrv# ulvfrv# dr# xvduhp# xpd# EhRV# wlqkd# xp# vlvwhpd# gh# du0
vroxÇÃr# sursulhwÁuld1# Uhiolwd=# lq0
txlyrv# gh# 97# elwv/# vxsruwh# d#
yhvwlu#qr#olfhqfldphqwr/#lpsodq0 mrxuqdolqj# +lvvr# hp# <;,># frpr#
wdÇÃr# h# wuhlqdphqwr# gh# xp# hud# yrowdgr# d# xp# Úqlfr# wlsr# gh#
ghwhuplqdgr# surjudpd# h# do0 pÁtxlqd/# irl# pdlv# iÁflo# phokr0
jxp# whpsr# ghsrlv# ghvfreulu# udu# d# shuirupdqfh# sdud# wuded0
txh#d#hpsuhvd#qÃr#h{lvwh#pdlv1 okdu# frp# Áxglr# h# yÍghr# gljlwdo/#
H{djhurB# Uhfhqwhphqwh# doÉp# gh# dqlpdÇÕhv# h# juÁilfrv1#
wlyhprv# xpd# qryd# fulvh# pxqgl0 Hx# phvpr# qxqfd# ph{l/# rx#
do# h# fhqwhqdv# gh# hpsuhvdv# ih0 phvpr# yl# xp# ghvvhv# shvvrdo0
fkdudp#dv#sruwdv1 phqwh/# phvpr# txh# frqvhjxlv0
vh# xpd# fÓsld# gr# vlvwhpd/# r#
Frqkhfh#r#fdvr#gd#Eh#Lq0
YluwxdoEr{# qÃr# whp2wlqkd# rsÇÃr#
frusrudwhgB# Wudwdyd0vh# gh#
sdud#urgÁ0or1
xpd#hpsuhvd#txh#irl#fuldgd#sd0
ud#ghvhqyroyhu#xp#vlvwhpd#rsh0 R# pxqgr# hvwdyd# suhsdud0
udflrqdo/# r# EhRV/# hvshflilfr# gr# sdud# hohB#D# shujxqwd# fruuh0
sdud# wudedokdu# frp# PxowlpÍgld1# wd# vhuld=# r# erovr# gdv# shvvrdv#
H# sdud# wruqÁ0or# dlqgd# pdlv# ur0 hvwdyd# suhsdudgr# sdud# frp0
exvwr/# irl# fuldgr# xp# frpsxwd0 sudu# wdqwr# r# vlvwhpd# rshudflr0
gru# frp# kdugzduh# hvshflilfr# qdo# txdqwr# r# frpsxwdgru#
sdud# hoh/# txh# ilfrx# frqkhflgr# h{foxvlyrB# QÃr$# Wdqwr# txh/#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <5
HQWHUSULVH#—#VRIWZDUH#SURSULHW¡ULR=#SHULJR#SDUD#HPSUHVDV

pr# xpd# sÁjl0 fuldqgr#xpd#qryd#yhuvÃr1#Vh#r#


qd# qd# vlvwhpd# É# erp/# d# fkdqfh# ghoh#
ZlnlsÉgld# id0 vhu# frqwlqxdgr/# phvpr# txh#
odqgr#hp#ghwd0 qÃr# rilfldophqwh/# É# judqgh1#
okhv# vreuh# r# Xp#erp#h{hpsor#glvvr#É#r#hgl0
dvvxqwr1 wru# zhe# QYX/# fuldgr# shod# Olqv0
Lpdjlqh# sluh/# txh# irl# r# sulphlur# hglwru#
yrfÊ# hpsuhvÁ0 Z\VLZ\J#hp#vriwzduh#olyuh1#D#
ulr/# txh# lqyhv0 Úowlpd# yhuvÃr# É# gh# 53381# Hq0
wlx# qd# frpsud# wÃr/# zhe# ghvljqhuv# txh# txlvh0
gh# xpd# ghwhu0 uhp# wudedokdu# dshqdv# qr# Olqx{#
plqdgd# vrox0 vÃr# reuljdgrv# d# xvdu# hvvd# ihu0
ÇÃr/# ghsrlv# udphqwd# ghidvdgdB# H{lvwh# xpd#
gh#dqrv#gh#wud0 frqwlqxdÇÃr# qÃr# rilfldo# fkdpd0
Iljxud#4=#EhRV
edokr/#wuhlqdq0 gd# Nrpsr}hu/# txh# dshvdu# gh#
srxfr# whpsr# ghsrlv/# r# EhRv# gr# ixqflrqÁulrv/# dolphqwdqgr# r# wdpeÉp#qÃr#vhu#gdv#pdlv#frp0
irl# sruwdgr# sdud# ixqflrqdu# hp# edqfr# gh# gdgrv/# hqwuh# rxwurv/# sohwdv/# vxshud# d# yhuvÃr# ruljl0
rxwudv# sodwdirupdv/# frphÇdq0 hp# xpd# ehod# pdqkÃ/# deuh# xp# qdo/# fxmd# hpsuhvd# fuldgrud# irl#
gr# shor# Pdf/# ghsrlv# SrzhuSf# vlwh#gh#qrwÍfldv/#rx#phvpr#d#sÁ0 yhqglgd# h# erd# sduwh# gh# vhxv#
h#Lqwho/#dr#sdvvr#txh#d#sodwdiru0 jlqd# gd# vriwzduh0krxvh# h# ghv0 surgxwrv# irudp# ghvfrqwlqxd0
pd##EhEr{#hud#ghvfrqwlqxdgd1 freuh# txh# sru# dojxp# prwlyr/# r# grv1

Hp# 5334/# d# Sdop# frp0 vlvwhpd#hvwÁ#vhqgr#ghvfrqwlqx0 Whqkr# dfrpsdqkdgr# dv#


surx# d# sursulhgdgh# lqwhohfwxdo# dgr# h# d# hpsuhvd# idolx# rx# irl# fulwlfdv#gd#DVVHVSUR#+Dvvrfl0
gr# vlvwhpd# h# hqfhuurx# vhx# gh0 frpsudgd1 dÇÃr# gdv# Hpsuhvdv# gh# Whfqr0
vhqyroylphqwr/# ghl{dqgr# Óu0 Pdv# xp# vriwzduh# olyuh/# lq0 orjld# gd# LqirupdÇÃr,# qdflrqdo#
iÃrv# gh}hqdv# +fhqwhqdvB,# gh# ghshqghqwhphqwh# gh# whu# vlgr# h# hvwdgxdlv# frp# uhodÇÃr# dr# id0
xvxÁulrv# txh# ghflgludp# lqyhvwlu# fuldgr# sru# xpd# hpsuhvd# rx# wr# gr# jryhuqr# wdqwr# ihghudo/#
qr# EhRv1# H# djrudB# Txhp# ydl# sru# 4# rx# pdlv# surjudpdgruhv# txdqwr# grv# hvwdgrv# gr# Sdud0
fuldu# h# glvsrqlelol}du# fruuhÇÕhv# lqghshqghqwhv# wdpeÉp# srgh# qÁ/# Ulr# Judqgh# gr# Vxo# h# rx0
sdud# idokdv# gh# vhjxudqÇdB# vhu# dedqgr0 wurv/# shod# vxd# rsÇÃr# shor#
Frpsurx#xpd#olfhqÇd#sdud#sod0 qdgr# rx# qÃr#
wdirupd# LqwhoB# Frpr# frqvhjxlu# uhfhehu# dwxdol0
vxsruwh#sdud#shuliÉulfrv#pdlv#uh0 }dÇÕhv# rilfl0
fhqwhvB# H# d# whfqrorjldv# pdlv# dlv1# Vlp/#
uhfhqwhv/# frpr# rv# frpsuhvvr0 srgh# phvpr$#
uhv# gh# yÍghr# Pdwurvnd# h# 6JSB# HqwÃr# kÁ# suh0
Qhvvh#fdvr#hp#hvshfÍilfr/#srx0 mxÍ}r# ljxdoB# R#
frv# gldv# ghsrlv# gh# d# SDOP# fÓgljr0irqwh#
dqxqfldu# r# ilp# gr# vlvwhpd/# xp# hvwÁ# glvsrqÍ0
juxsr# gh# yroxqwÁulrv# frphÇrx# yho# sdud#
d#fuldu#r#Rshq#EhRv/#xpd#frqwl0 txhp# txlvhu#
qxdÇÃr2dwxdol}dÇÃr# gr# vlvwhpd# dowhudu/# vhmd#
ruljlqdo1#QÃr#yrx#surorqjdu#dlq0 frqwulexlqgr#
gd# pdlv# r# h{hpsor# gr# EhRv/# rilfldophqwh#
kÁ#glyhuvdv#pdwÉuldv#h#dwÉ#phv0 rx# phvpr######Iljxud#5=#EhEr{

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <6
HQWHUSULVH#—#VRIWZDUH#SURSULHW¡ULR=#SHULJR#SDUD#HPSUHVDV

surgxwrv,/# rx# phvpr# ghflglx# d#DVVHVSUR#sduwlx#sdud#r#dwd0


txh#qÃr#É#lqwhuhvvdqwh#frqwlqx0 txh#+sdufldo#hp#uhodÇÃr#d#fuhgl0
du#ghvhqyroyhqgr0r1 elolgdgh# h# dujxphqwrv,/#
Dvvlp# frpr# rv# gluhwruhv# h{ljlqgr#txh#r#PlqlvwÉulr#SÚeol0
gd# DVVHVSUR/# glvfrugr# txh# fr# ghyh# lqyhvwljdu# %r# fdvr%#
dshqdv#r#VHUSUR#h#ghpdlv#Óu0 +pdlv# ghwdokhv# hp=#
jÃrv#gr#jryhuqr#ghydp#whu#h{0 kwws=22zzz1pdjplgld1frp2sur0
foxvlylgdgh# sdud# ghvhqyroyhu# mhfwv2whflqir2632pdj1kwpo#0#sÁjl0
rv# vriwzduhv# sru# hoh# xwlol}dgrv/# qd#6;,1
Iljxud#6=#H0Flgdgh#0#Vriwzduh#glvsrqÍyho#qr# srlv# frpr# dfrqwhfhx# uhfhqwh0 H{lvwhp# glyhuvdv# hpsuh0
Sruwdo#gr#Vriwzduh#SÚeolfr phqwh/# r# WVW# +Wulexqdo# Vxshul0 vdv# qdflrqdlv# txh# ghvhqyro0
ru# gr# Wudedokr,# urpshx# yhp# vroxÇÕhv# sdud# dxwrpdÇÃr#
vriwzduh# olyuh/# frp# h{fhÇÃr# gh# frqwudwr# frp# r# VHUSUR/# txh# gh# suhihlwxudv/# txh# reyldphqwh#
txdqgr#qÃr#kÁ#dowhuqdwlydv/#dilu0 sru# 6# dqrv# qÃr# frqvhjxlx# gh0 vhqwludp0vh# suhmxglfdgdv# frp#
pdqgr# txh# r# jryhuqr# ghyhuld# vhqyroyhu#h#lpsodqwdu#xp#vlvwh0 r#odqÇdphqwr#gr#h0flgdgh1#Shu0
ghl{du#d#sduwh#gh#dxwrpdÇÃr#sd0 pd# gh# dgplqlvwudÇÃr# gh# jxqwr#pdlv#xpd#yh}=#txdo#d#jd0
ud# dv# hpsuhvdv# gh# vroxÇÕhv# surfhvvrv# +VXDS2MW# # 0# udqwld# gh# txh# hodv# +dv#
sursulhwÁuldv1# Uhfodpdp# gr# id0 kwws=22zzz1edjxhwh1frp1eu2qrwl0 hpsuhvdv,# qxqfd# whuÃr# sureoh0
wr#gh#r#VHUSUR#+VhuylÇr#Ihgh0 fldv2vriwzduh247237253432wvw0 pdv#h#vhxv#surgxwrv#whuÃr#frq0
udo# gh# Surfhvvdphqwr# gh# urpsh0frqwudwr0frp0vhusur,1# wlqxlgdgh/# phvpr# txh# sru#
Gdgrv,# whu# h{foxvlylgdgh# sdud# Pdv#rswdu#shor#fÓgljr0irqwh#ih0 rxwud# shvvrd# h2rx# hpsuhvdB#
ghvhqyroylphqwr#gh#surmhwrv#sd0 fkdgr# srgh# jhudu# suhmxÍ}rv# DolÁv/# dv# vroxÇÕhv# ghvvdv# hp0
ud#r#jryhuqr1 ljxdlv#rx#pdlruhv/#doÉp#gr#jdv0 suhvdv# vÃr# pxowlsodwdirupd/# rx#
Uhohpeudqgr# r# txh# dfrq0 wr# ghvqhfhvvÁulr# frp# olfhq0 r#jryhuqr#wdpeÉp#vhuÁ#reuljd0
whfhx# frp# r# EhRV/# shujxqwr=# Çdv/# txh# ehp# vdehprv/# qÃr# É# gr# d# frpsudu# olfhqÇd# gh# edqfr#
txdo# d# jdudqwld# gh# txh# hvvdv# gh# phurv# 9(# gr# jdvwr# wrwdo# gh#gdgrv#h#gh#vlvwhpd#rshudfl0
hpsuhvdv# hvwduÃr# vhpsuh# %yl0 frp#lpsodqwdÇÃr1 rqdoB
ydv%B#YrfÊ/#txh#sdjd#vhxv#lp0 Hp# gh}hpeur# gh# 533</# Jrvwduld# gh# vdehu# d# rsl0
srvwrv# +ljqrudqgr# rv# irl#glvsrqlelol}dgd#d#vroxÇÃr#gh# qlÃr#grv#ohlwruhv#gd#Uhylvwd#Hv0
%ghwdokhv%,/# luld# jrvwdu# gh# vd0 dxwrpdÇÃr# h0flgdgh/# qr# Sruwdo# sÍulwr# Olyuh# qd# frpxqlgdgh# gr#
ehu# txh# r# jryhuqr/# ghsrlv# gh# gr# Vriwzduh# SÚeolfr# Eudvlohlur1# Runxw1
pxlwr# whpsr# lqyhvwlqgr# qxpd# Xpd#h{fhohqwh#h#vhjxud#rsÇÃr#
vroxÇÃr# sursulhwÁuld# sdud# lqiru0 sdud#suhihlwxudv#wdqwr#lqirupdwl0
pdwl}du# wrgrv# rv# ÓujÃrv/# ydl# }du0vh#+txh#ehp#vdehprv/#pxl0
whu# txh# jdvwdu# %rxwur# wdqwr%# sd0 wdv# suhihlwxud# dlqgd# wudedokdp#
ud# wurfdu# wxgr# r# txh# wlqkd# ihlwr/# xvdqgr# sdsho# h# fdqhwd/# whqgr# GDLJR#DVXND#É#
srutxh# txhp# fuldyd# r# vlvwhpd/# dojxqv# frpsxwdgruhv# dqwljrv# whfqlfr#hp#
dwÉ#hqwÃr#xvdgr/#ihfkrx#dv#sru0 dedqgrqdgrv#hp#dojxp#ghsÓvl0 lqirupÁwlfd#ghvgh#
4<<:1#XvxÁulr#gh#
wdvB# QÃr# h{lvwh# ohl# qr# Eudvlo# wr# sru# vhuhp# frqvlghudgrv# ohq0 Olqx{#ghvgh#5339/#
+dfkr# txh# qr# pxqgr,# txh# reul0 wrv/# sru# qÃr# frqvhjxlu# urgdu# dwxdophqwh#wudedokd#
hp#xp#surmhwr#gh#
jxh#xpd#hpsuhvd#d#olehudu#r#fÓ0 yhuvÕhv#pdlv#uhfhqwhv#gh#vlvwh0 Olqx{#yrowdgr#d#
gljr0irqwh# gh# vhxv# surjudpdv# pdv# rshudflrqdlv# sursulhwÁul0 hpsuhvdv/#doÉp#gh#
srutxh#hvwÁ#idolqgr/#vhqgr#yhq0 hvwdu#id}hqgr#xp#
rv,/# txdqwr# pljudu# sdud# fxuvr#gh#vhjxudqÇd#
glgd#+h#r#frpsudgru#ydl#ghvfrq0 vriwzduh# olyuh# h# hfrqrpl}du# kdfnhu#h#fxuvr#
wlqxdu# dojxqv# rx# wrgrv# frp# olfhqÇdv1# Pdv# É# fodur# txh# frpsohwr#gh#Olqx{1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <7
GHVLJQ — K
GHVLJQ KLVW³ULD
LVW³ULD H G
GHVLJQ
HVLJQ H
HPP4
455F
FDSDV
DSDV

KlvwÓuld h Ghvljq hp 45 Fdsdv


Sru Fduorv Hgxdugr Pdwwrv gd Fux}

RoÁ shvvrdo/ qhvwh pÊv hx frpsohwr xp dqr gh Uhylvwd/ h d shglgr gr MrÃr hvwrx hvfuhyhqgr vreuh r surfhvvr txh
sdvvdprv qd surgxÇÃr gh xpd fdsd1

Dqwhv gh wxgr uhfhehprv xp hpdlo frp r whpd gd hglÇÃr/ hoh frqwÉp wrgrv rv ghwdokhv sdud rv uhgdwruhv h
loxvwudgruhv frphÇduhp d surgx}lu vhx pdwhuldo1

Hpdlo frp r whpd gd fdsd hqyldgr shod uhgdÇÃr

Ghilqlgr r whpd/ frphÇd r surfhvvr gh Eudlqvwrup +whpshvwdgh fhuheudo,/ txh


qd lqirupdolgdgh qÓv fkdpdprv gh %wruÓ gh sduslwh%/ hvwh surfhvvr frqvlvwh qd
shvtxlvd h ghvhqyroylphqwr grv sulphlurv udvfxqkrv +udiv, gr txh ydl vhu d
ixwxud fdsd1 Ph ohpeur pxlwr ehp txh qd sulphlud fdsd txh il}/ r MrÃr ph
sdvvrx xp whpd h{wuhpdphqwh jhqÉulfr= %Frpxqlgdghv h Prylphqwrv olyuhv%1
Hud phx sulphlur wudedokr sud hoh/ h txh hx wlqkd qdv pÃrv hud vxemhwlylgdgh
sxud$$$ H{lvwhp fdvrv txh r whpd vh ghvhqyroyh sru vl/ frpr qr fdvr gdv fdsdv=
%Surmhwr JQX% h %Olqx{%1

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <8


GHVLJQ — KLVW³ULD H GHVLJQ HP 45 FDSDV

Sdud r surfhvvr gh udvfxqkr qÓv xwlol}dprv dshqdv grlv lqvwuxphqwrv/ xpd fdqhwd h xp sdsho/ dÍ r ohlwru ph shujxqgd=
%pdv sru txh dshqdv rv grlvB% Srutxh qhvwh prphqwr r loxvwudgru hvwÁ qxpd olqkd gh shqvdphqwr/ h hod srgh vhu
lqwhuurpslgd vh hoh vh suhrfxsdu hp pdqlsxodu ihuudphqwdv/ mÁ ulvfdqgr qr sdsho r surfhvvr vh wruqd pdlv ioxlgr1 Xpd
glfd/ qxqfd sdvvh sdud d uhgdÇÃr d sulphlud lgÉld/ hod É erd pdv lqfrpsohwd/ sdud vh whu dojr qr pÍqlpr dsuhvhqwÁyho
idÇd xqv 8 rx 9 udvfxqkrv1 D ydqwdjhp gh vh wudedokdu frp ihuudphqwdv olyuhv É txh hodv vÃr pxlwr suÁwlfdv/ hqwÃr dr
surgx}lu rv udvfxqkrv/ gr whufhlur hp gldqwh yrfÊ odujd d fdqhwd h r sdsho h sdvvd d surgx}lu gluhwr qr vriwzduh1

D glyhuvÃr qhvwd idvh hvwÁ hp ghilqlu d olqkd ylvxdo gd fdsd/ xp erp h{hpsor irl
sdud d hglÇÃr qš 48 %FPV%/ hx kdyld udvfxqkdgr xpd slokd gh orjrwlsrv gh
surmhwrv FPV ghqwur gh xp srwh gh elvfrlwr/ xp sudwr gh vrsd frp rv phvprv
orjrwlsrv/ hohv shqgxudgrv qxp pxudo gh fruwlÇd h qdgd hvwdyd ixqflrqdo/ mÁ hud
gh pdguxjdgd h qd VN\ hvwdyd whqgr xp wruqhlr gh srfnhu gdoÍ yhlr r %hvwdor%/
sru txh qÃr xpd phvd gh srfnhu rqgh vh hvfrokh d fduwd fhuwd sdud fdgd
urgdgdB

Frp r udvfxqkr mÁ fuldgr/ yhp d sduwh gd odslgdÇÃr/ rx vhmd wudqirupdu d lgÉld hp dojr frqfuhwr/ qÃr h{lvwh xpd uhjud
il{d sud lvwr/ qr sulphlur prphqwr r loxvwudgru qÃr shqvrx hp vriwzduh rx hp wÉfqlfd qhqkxpd/ hoh dshqdv shqvrx qr
ylvxdo/ shqvrx hp vlqwhwl}du r whpd hp xpd Úqlfd lpdjhp/ frpr gl} r yhokr mdujÃr gd sursdjdqgd %xpd lpdjhp ydoh
pdlv gr txh plo sdodyudv%1 Djrud d uhdolgdgh É rxwud/ d lghld hvwÁ dsuhvhqwdgd h ghilqlprv d phokru wÉfqlfd1 Yrowdqgr dr
whpd gd fdsd %Frpxqlgdghv h Prylphqwrv olyuhv%/ vxd vxemhwlylgdgh shgld xpd frlvd uhprqwdgd frpr qdtxhohv olyurv
vreuh xp ixwxur dowhuqdwlyr wdo frpr %Judqgh LupÃr% grv dqrv ;3 +Jhrujh Ruzhoo/ 4<;7,/ rx %DglpluÁyho Pxqgr Qryr%/
hvfulwr gÉfdgd gh 63 +Dogrxv Kx{oh|/ 4<65,1 Sdud lvwr irl xwlol}dgr r Eohqghu +Vriwzduh gh hglÇÃr h fuldÇÃr 6G 0
kwws=22zzz1eohqghu1ruj2,/ r Pdnh Kxpdq +Vriwzduh gh fuldÇÃr gh shuvrqdjhqv 6G 0 kwws=22zzz1pdnhkxpdq1ruj2, h frp
dmxgd gr phx dpljr Ylwru Edoelr +hqwuhylvwdgr qd 44‹ hglÇÃr gd Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh, txh ih} rv erqhv +frpr rvvrv/
sdud hvwuxwxudu hp 6G xp remhwr, gr shuvrqdjhp sdud prqwduprv dv srvhv1

Pdv qhp wxgr É Eohqghu1 Whp fdvrv hp txh xvdprv vrphqwh r


Lqnvfdsh +Vriwzduh sdud fuldÇÃr h hglÇÃr gh juÁilfrv yhwruldlv 0
kwws=22lqnvfdsh1ruj2,/ frpr qd fdsd %GlyhuvÃr Olyuh%/ rx r Jlps
+Vriwzduh gh pdqlsxodÇÃr gh lpdjhqv 0 kwws=22zzz1jlps1ruj2, qd
fdsd %Olehugdgh qd Lqwhuqhw%/ qd pdlruld grv fdvrv plvwxudprv
rv vriwzduhv/ xp erp h{hpsor glvwr irl d fdsd %FPV% dv ilfkdv
irudp hglwdgdv qr Jlps/ dv fduwdv h d phvd qr Lqnvfdsh1 Frpr
idohl qÃr h{lvwh uhjud/ wrgdv dv dupdv vÃr yÁolgdv$

Ilqdophqwh rxylprv r sulphlur fkrur gr qrvvr ilokr$ Xpd vlqjhod oÁjulpd gh hprÇÃr txdvh hvfruuh grv rokrv/ pdv qhp
wxgr vÃr urvdv eudqfdv h yhuphokdv qr mduglp gd gdpd gh frsdv/ whp fdvrv txh hod dsduhfh julwdqgr %FRUWHP0OKH D
FDEH§D% $ Vlp fdur ohlwru/ srvvr gl}hu txh hp <3( grv fdvrv vxd reud sulpd whuÁ gh vhu dgdswdgd sdud dv
qhfhvvlgdghv gd uhgdÇÃr/ txdqgr hqyldprv d fdsd hod vhpsuh yrowd sdud dojxqv dmxvwhv/ fkhjdqgr d fdvrv gh

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <9


GHVLJQ — KLVW³ULD H GHVLJQ HP 45 FDSDV

pxgdqÇdv udglfdlv1 Qhvwd krud uhvsludprv ixqgr h frphÇdprv dqdol}du fdvr d fdvr/ ydoh uhvvdowdu txh hperud d
ghflvÃr ilqdo É gd uhgdÇÃr/ r sdsho gr loxvwudgru É dqdol}du vh r dmxvwh uhdophqwh É yÁolgr rx qÃr/ É sdsho ghoh pdqwhu d
ixqflrqdolgdgh gd fdsd/ sru lvwr txh xp Ghvljqhu qÃr fuld xpd shÇd gr qdgd/ whp gh kdyhu xp glvfxuvr oÓjlfr h
ixqflrqdo sru wuÁv/ phvpr txh r sÚeolfr qÃr shufhed1 Yhmdp r h{hpsor gd fdsd FPV/ qd sulphlud loxvwudÇÃr wÍqkdprv
xp ohtxh gh fduwdv frp r orjr gr Zrugsuhvv qr lqÍflr vhjxlgr sru [rrsv/ Guxsdo h Mrrpod/ dsÓv dqÁolvh gd uhgdÇÃr/
rxwurv FPV irudp frorfdgrv frpr joIxvlrq/ Mdkld h Hqdqr h xpd txlqwd fduwd dsduhfhx qr krul}rqwh1

Frpr d dowhudÇÃr qÃr frpsurphwld d shÇd qÃr kdyld


sureohpd qhqkxp1 Xpd shtxhqd glfd sdud hvwd idvh/
dr prqwdu r surmhwr r idÇd prgxodu/ shqvh vhpsuh txh
hoh whp judqghv fkdqfhv gh vhu dowhudgr/ h hvwh wlsr gh
ghflvÃr vhpsuh fkhjd shuwr gd gdwd gh sxeolfdÇÃr gd
uhylvwd/ hqwÃr rwlpl}dqgr vhx surmhwr/ r loxvwudgru qÃr
shugh qrlwhv gh vrqr1

H hoh id} r jro h fruuh sud jdohud$ Ghsrlv grv dmxvwhv/ d uhgdÇÃr gÁ r wÃr hvshudgr %RN%1 Djrud d wduhid ilfd d fdujr gr
gldjudpdgru/ frorfdu r orjrwlsr gd uhylvwd h dv fkdpdgdv sulqflsdlv1
R txh qrv uhvwd É djxdugdu dqvlrvdphqwh d sxeolfdÇÃr sdud vdehuprv frpr hod ilfduÁ ilqdol}dgd1

Qhvwh xp dqr gh uhylvwd/ ilfr pxlwr judwr dr MrÃr Ihuqdqgr h d wrgrv gd uhgdÇÃr sru ph
sursruflrqdu xpd rsruwxqlgdgh wÃr sud}hurvd gh sduwlflsdu gh xp surmhwr ghvwh/ wlyh
rsruwxqlgdghv gh fuldu fdsdv wÃr olqgdv txh qÃr irudp sxeolfdgdv sru pxgdqÇdv gh whpd gh
Úowlpd krud/ wdo frpr d hglÇÃr vreuh %RGI% h wdqwdv rxwudv1

Hvshur txh yrfÊv whqkdp jrvwdgr wdqwr gh ohu hvwd pdwÉuld txdqwr hx wlyh r sud}hu gh hvfuhyÊ0
od/ irl xp prphqwr iodvkedfn pxlwr ohjdo phvpr/ xp iruwh deudÇr d wrgrv h dwÉ d suÓ{lpd
hglÇÃr$
FDUORV HGXDUGR PDWWRV GD FUX] 0
FDGXQLFR 0 dwxd d 4; dqrv frpr ghvljqhu
h d grlv dqrv xwlol}r vrphqwh vriwzduh olyuh
hp vxdv fuldÇÕhv1 © phpeur grv juxsrv
OLQXHUM/ Gheldq UM h VOUM1 Lghdol}dgru gr
JQXJUDI ^kwws=22jqxjudi1ruj`1

Uhylvwd HvsÍulwr Olyuh  Rxwxeur 5343  kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <:


HGXFD§£R#—#OL§µHV#GR#NHUQHO#OLQX[

OL§µHV#GR#NHUQHO#OLQX[

Do{#Vdqfkh}#0#v{f1kx
Sru#Lvohqh#Fdoflrodul#Jdufld

VhuÁ# txh# ydoh# d# shqd# xwlol}du# xp# nhuqho#


frpsoh{r#h#khwhurjÊqhr/#frp#plokÕhv#gh#olqkdv#
gh#fÓgljr/#qhp#vhpsuh#ehp#grfxphqwdgdv/#hp#
xp# fxuvr# gh# vlvwhpdv# rshudflrqdlvB# QÃr# vhuld#
phokru# xwlol}du# rv# mÁ# wudglflrqdlv# %vlvwhpdv# gh#
eulqtxhgr%#rx#vlpxodgruhvB##Vxusuhhqghqwhphq0
wh/#dv#olÇÕhv#txh#srghp#vhu#dsuhqglgdv#frp#r#Ol0
qx{#yÃr#pxlwr#doÉp1
Rv# %vlvwhpdv# gh# eulqtxhgr%# vhuyhp# sdud#
uhsuhvhqwdu/# gh# pdqhlud# vlpsolilfdgd/# xp# vlvwh0
pd# frpsoh{r1# Sru# vhuhp# hq{xwrv/# xqliruphv# h#
ehp# rujdql}dgrv/# É# iÁflo# hvwxgdu# rx# prglilfdu#
xp# gh# vhxv# pÓgxorv1# Rv# vlpxodgruhv# shuplwhp#
dowhudu# sduÂphwurv# gr# hvfdorqdgru# gh# surfhv0
vrv/# sru# h{hpsor/# h# ghsrlv# revhuydu# r# lpsdfwr#
ghvwdv# dowhudÇÕhv# qr# ghvhpshqkr# gr# vlvwhpd1#
Hp# dperv# rv# fdvrv/# surihvvru# h# doxqrv# srgh0

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <;
HGXFD§£R#—#OL§µHV#GR#NHUQHO#OLQX[

uÃr#whu#xpd#frqiruwÁyho#vhqvdÇÃr#gh#grpÍqlr#vr0
euh#r#remhwr#wudedokdgr#hp#vdod#gh#dxod1
Wudedokdu#frp#r#Olqx{/#sru#rxwur#odgr/#É#ol0
##Wudedokdu#frp#
gdu#frp#r#txh#qÃr#vh#srgh#frqwurodu1#©#txdvh#lp0 Olqx{/#sru#rxwur#odgr/#É#olgdu#
srvvÍyho#qÃr#vh#vhqwlu#shtxhqr#h#olplwdgr#iuhqwh#
d# frpsoh{lgdgh# gr# fÓgljr# ghvhqyroylgr# sru# pl0 frp#r#txh#qÃr#vh#srgh#
okduhv# gh# surjudpdgruhv1# VhqvdÇÕhv# gh# phgr#
h#lqvhjxudqÇd#vÃr#frpxqv/#ohydqgr#À#judqgh#sul0 frqwurodu1#©#txdvh#lpsrvvÍyho#
phlud#olÇÃr=#kxplogdgh1
qÃr#vh#vhqwlu#shtxhqr#h#
Dv# sulphludv# lqwhudÇÕhv# frp# r# nhuqho# vÃr#
ihlwdv# sru# phlr# gh# %uhfhlwdv# gh# eror%# txh# srgh0 olplwdgr#iuhqwh#d#
prv#hqfrqwudu#qd#Lqwhuqhw1#FrphÇdprv#id}hqgr#
xpd#fÓsld#gh#xpd#yhuvÃr#gr#fÓgljr#irqwh#d#sdu0 frpsoh{lgdgh#gr#fÓgljr#
wlu#gr#vlwh#kwws=22zzz1nhuqho1ruj1#Hp#vhjxlgd/#edv0
wd# frpslodu# r# fÓgljr1# YrfÊ# frqvhjxlx# fxpsulu# ghvhqyroylgr#sru#plokduhv#gh#
hvwd#hwdsd#qd#sulphlud#whqwdwlydB#SdudeÉqv$#Djr0
ud/#É#suhflvr#hvfrokhu#rv#sduÂphwurv#gh#frqiljx0
surjudpdgruhv1
udÇÃr# h# ghsrlv# urgdu# r# vlvwhpd/# surydyhophqwh#
hp#xp#dpelhqwh#yluwxdol}dgr1#Hqtxdqwr#dv#uhfhl0 Lvohqh#Fdoflrodul#Jdufld

wdv# ixqflrqdp/# yrfÊ# vhjxh# ihol}# qd# vxd# dyhqwx0


ud1# Pdv/# txdqgr# hodv# idokdp/# xp# qhzelh/# vhmd# hp# whuprv# gh# dsuhqgl}dgr1#DoÉp# glvvr/# rv# dox0
doxqr/#vhmd#surihvvru/#srgh#vlpsohvphqwh#jdvwdu# qrv# gh# xp# dqr# vhuÃr# rv# prqlwruhv# gr# dqr# vh0
krudv# h# krudv# iuxvwudqwhv# vhp# qhqkxp# surjuhv0 jxlqwh1# R# dfÚpxor# gh# h{shulÊqfld# h# r#
vr1#D#vhjxqgd#judqgh#olÇÃr#É#uhfrqkhfhu#txh#yr0 dpdgxuhflphqwr#gd#uhgh#gh#froderudÇÃr#shuplwl0
fÊ#suhflvd#h#srgh#shglu#dmxgd#d#dojxÉp1 uÁ#r#hvwxgr#pdlv#dsurixqgdgr#gr#fÓgljr1
R# txh# id}hu# vh# qÃr# h{lvwhp# pxlwrv# jxuxv# Gh# pdqhlud# lqghshqghqwh# gr# wdpdqkr# h#
gh# sodqwÃr# qd# vxd# frpxqlgdgh# rx# yrfÊ# whph# gr#wlsr#gd#dowhudÇÃr#qr#fÓgljr/#qr#ilqdo/#ilfd#xpd#
vhu# rihqglgr# hp# xpd# olvwd# gh# h0pdloB# Srgh0vh# vhqvdÇÃr#gh#ylwÓuld1#Xpd#yh}/#uhfhel#xp#shglgr#
prqwdu# xpd# uhgh# gh# froderudÇÃr# hqwuh# rv# dox0 h{soÍflwr# gh# xp# doxqr# txh# vrolflwdyd# xpd# fduwd#
qrv/#frpr#xpd#zlnl#frp#hvsdÇr#uhvhuydgr#sdud# gh# uhfrphqgdÇÃr# h# txh# wlqkd# uhdophqwh# ihlwr#
d#srvwdjhp#gh#glfdv1#Surydyhophqwh#r#juxsr#luÁ# xp# surmhwr# h{fhohqwh=# %Surihvvrud/# vh# srvvÍyho/#
frqvhjxlu#id}hu#xpd#erd#lqvwdodÇÃr#h#sduwlu#sdud# flwh# txh# hx# il}# dtxhoh# surmhwr# ghvdildgru# frp# r#
dv# pxlwdv# olÇÕhv# wÉfqlfdv1#D# h{sorudÇÃr# gr# fÓgl0 Nhuqho# Olqx{%1# Qd# yhugdgh/# hx# vhpsuh# hvfuhyr#
jr# srgh# vhu# ihlwd# glylglqgr0vh# d# wxupd# hp# jux0 lvvr1#Dilqdo/#whu#hqiuhqwdgr#r#prqvwur#gh#plokÕhv#
srv1# Fdgd# juxsr# hvwxgd# h# prglilfd# xpd# sduwh# gh# olqkdv# gh# fÓgljr# É# prwlyr# gh# rujxokr1# Sdud#
glvwlqwd#gr#fÓgljr#h#ghsrlv#dsuhvhqwd#xp#vhplqÁ0 plp#h#sdud#hohv1
ulr#sdud#d#wxupd1
H# txh# wlsr# gh# surmhwr# srghprv# shglu# drv#
LVOHQH#FDOFLRODUL#JDUFLD#É#
doxqrvB#Lqlfldophqwh/#qÃr#É#suryÁyho#txh#hohv#id0 surihvvrud#qr#Lqvwlwxwr#gh#FrpsxwdÇÃr#gd#
Çdp# dowhudÇÕhv# vxevwdqfldlv# qr# fÓgljr/# qhp# Xqlfdps#h#id}#h{shulphqwrv#frp#Olqx{#+h#
wdpeÉp#frp#r#JQX,#hp#glvflsolqdv#gh#
txh# vxephwdp# sdwfkhv# frp# d# fruuhÇÃr# gh# judgxdÇÃr#ghvgh#5336#h#hp#glvflsolqdv#gh#
exjv1# Qr# hqwdqwr/# d# lqfoxvÃr# gh# dojxqv# frpdq0 sÓv0judgxdÇÃr#ghvgh#53391
grv# sulqwn/# txh# hylghqfldp# r# ixqflrqdphqwr# gh#
dojxpd#sduwh#gr#fÓgljr/#mÁ#srgh#vhu#pxlwr#yÁolgd#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj <<
FRPXQLGDGH#—#OLQX[#WRWDO

FRQKH§D#D#FRPXQLGDGH#
OLQX[#WRWDO
Sru#Ilolsh#Jdlr

Vxujlphqwr
Rv# phvhv# gh# djrvwr# h# vhwhpeur# irudp#
wxpxowxdgrv#sdud#rv#xvxÁulrv#Olqx{#txh#xwlol}dp#
r# Runxw# sdud# rewhu# vxsruwh# h# lqwhudÇÃr# frp#
rxwurv#xvxÁulrv/#ghylgr#À#yÁulrv#huurv#suhvhqwhv#
qd# qryd# lqwhuidfh1# Hp# djrvwr# d# frpxqlgdgh#
Olqx{# Eudvlo# irl# furxedgdg# gr# xvxÁulr# Fdyhlud/#
txh#frqvhjxlx#uhdyÊ0od#h#wudqfrx#d#frpxqlgdgh#
sru# dojxqv# gldv1# Ghylgr# d# hvwh# lqflghqwh/# irl#
fuldgd# d# frpxqlgdgh# Olqx{# Wrwdo# frp# xp#
sursÓvlwr# vlpsohv/# sruÉp# rxvdgr=# rihuhfhu# drv#
xvxÁulrv# xpd# frpxqlgdgh# lqghshqghqwh# gdv#
uhghv# vrfldlv# +frpr# runxw# h# idfherrn,# glvsrqgr#
gh# phokruhv# uhfxuvrv# sdud# idflolwdu# d# lqwhudÇÃr#
hqwuh# vhxv# phpeurv1#D# Olqx{#Wrwdo# irl# dehuwd# dr#
sÚeolfr# gld# 64# gh# djrvwr# gh# 53431# Dojxqv#
xvxÁulrv# gdv# uhghv# vrfldlv# lphgldwdphqwh#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 433
FRPXQLGDGH#—#OLQX[#WRWDO

dghuludp# dr# surmhwr# h# frphÇdudp# d# frqwulexlu# fkdw# lqwhjudgr# dr# Íqglfh# sdud# idflolwdu# r# vxsruwh#
sdud#d#phokruld#gr#phvpr1 lphgldwr# d# txhp# hvwÁ# frp# sureohpdv# xujhqwhv#
Qr# pÊv# gh# vhwhpeur# d# Olqx{# Wrwdo# h#xp#vlvwhpd#gh#djudghflphqwrv/#txh#ydorul}d#r#
frphÇrx# d# vhu# glyxojdgd# qrv# pdlv# yduldgrv# wudedokr# grv# xvxÁulrv# gr# iÓuxp1# R# sruwdo# gd#
phlrv# gh# frpxqlfdÇÃr/# fkhjdqgr# d# dsduhfhu# frpxqlgdgh# h{leh# dv# xowlpdv# srvwdjhqv/# doÉp#
yÁuldv# yh}hv# qr# EU0Olqx{/# frp# qrwÍfldv# vreuh# gh#hvwdwÍvwlfdv#dydqÇdgdv#h#xp#suÁwlfr#phqx#gr#
qrylgdghv# suhvhqwhv# qd# frpxqlgdgh1# YÁulrv# xvxÁulr1
uhfxuvrv# irudp# dglflrqdgrv/# r# txh# jdudqwlx# r# R# dydwdu# srgh# vhu# hqyldgr# sdud# r# suÓsulr#
vxfhvvr#gd#Olqx{#Wrwdo#hqwuh#rv#xvxÁulrv1 iÓuxp/# glvshqvdqgr# r# wudedokr# gh# id}hu# xsordg#
gh# lpdjhqv# hp# olqnv# h{whuqrv1# Dv# pxokhuhv# gr#
iÓuxp#srghp#rswdu#sru#xwlol}du#r#whpd#Devroxwlrq#
Hvwuxwxud#Lqwhuqd 0# Zrphq/# xpd# prglilfdÇÃr# gr# whpd# Devroxwlrq#
D# Olqx{# Wrwdo# É# glylglgd# lqwhuqdphqwh# sru# ihlwd#shod#Olqx{#Wrwdo#qdv#fruhv#ur{r#h#urvd1
htxlshv/# rx# vhmd/# txhp# txhu# frqwulexlu# frp# r#
fuhvflphqwr# gd# frpxqlgdgh# srgh# shglu# vxd#
hqwudgd# hp# xpd# gdv# htxlshv# h{lvwhqwhv/# frpr# HvwdwÍvwlfdv#vreuh#d#Olqx{#Wrwdo
sru# h{hpsor=# Vxsruwh/# Uhghv/# PxowlpÍgld/# D# Olqx{# Wrwdo# hvwÁ# qxp# shuÍrgr# gh# lqwhqvr#
Ghvnprg/# hqwuh# rxwudv1# Dflpd# gdv# htxlshv# gh# fuhvflphqwr1# Qxp# ulwpr# gh# 94# qrydv#
hvwÃr# rv# prghudgruhv/# txh# dx{loldp# qd# phqvdjhqv#h#9#qryrv#xvxÁulrv#sru#gld1
rujdql}dÇÃr#gr#iÓuxp1

Dojxqv#surmhwrv#gd#Olqx{#Wrwdo
¡uhd#sdud#surmhwrv Dwxdophqwh# d# Olqx{# Wrwdo# hvwÁ# dsrldqgr# r#
Qr# iÓuxp# h{lvwh# xpd# Áuhd# ghvwlqdgd# d# surmhwr# gh# uhfrqvwuxÇÃr# gr# Wx{UR/# surmhwr# gh#
surmhwrv# uhodflrqdgrv# frp# Olqx{# h# Vriwzduh# Dydwduhv# h# Dvvlqdwxudv# ihlwdv# h{foxvlydphqwh#
Olyuh1# Xpd# yh}# dsurydgr/# vhuÁ# fuldgd# xpd# Áuhd# sdud# rv# xvxÁulrv# gr# iÓuxp# h# dxodv# rqolqh# gh#
hvshfÍilfd# sdud# r# surmhwr/# frqwurodgd# sdvfdo1
h{foxvlydphqwh# shorv# phpeurv# gr# juxsr# Dv# dxodv# rqolqh# gh# sdvfdo# frphÇdudp# gld#
shuwhqfhqwh# dr# surmhwr# +dglflrqdgrv# shor# oÍghu# 43# gh# rxwxeur# gh# 53431# Vhpsuh# É# srvwdgd# xpd#
gr# surmhwr,1# Rv# prghudgruhv# qÃr# whp# frqwuroh# qryd#dxod#wrgr#grplqjr1
vreuh# d# Áuhd/# wrgd# d# prghudÇÃr# h# uhjudv# vÃr#
ihlwdv#shorv#phpeurv#sduwlflsdqwhv#gr#surmhwr1 Ixwxudphqwh# vhuÃr# glvsrqlelol}dgdv# rxwudv#
dxodv# rqolqh/# frpr# sru# h{hpsor# F# h#
pdqxwhqÇÃr#gh#frpsxwdgruhv1
Uhfxuvrv#glvsrqÍyhlv
R# iÓuxp# glvsÕh# gh# xp# erp# hglwru# gh# FrqkhÇd# h# sduwlflsh# gd# Olqx{# Wrwdo=#
wh{wrv# z|vlz|j/# r# txh# hylwd# r# frqwdwr# grv# kwws=22zzz1olqx{wrwdo1ruj1
xvxÁulrv# frp# erd# sduwh# grv# EEFrghv1# H{lvwhp#
EEFrghv# shuvrqdol}dgrv/# sdud# idflolwdu# d# ILOLSH#JDLR#É#Judgxdqgr#hp#Hqjhqkduld#
ylvxdol}dÇÃr# gh# ghvnwrsv/# srvwdjhp# gh# yÍghrv/# PhfÂqlfd#qd#Xqlyhuvlgdgh#Ihghudo#gh#VÃr#
MrÃr#gho0Uhl#h#ixqgdgru#gr#surmhwr#Olqx{#
olqnv#dsw/#rfxowdu#frqwhÚgr/#hwf1 Wrwdo#h#froderudgru#gd#Xexqwx#Jdphv1
D#frpxqlgdgh#glvsÕh#wdpeÉp#gh#xp#glvfr#
yluwxdo# h# d# srvvlelolgdgh# gh# dqh{du# shtxhqrv#
dutxlyrv# Àv# phqvdjhqv# gr# iÓuxp/# doÉp# gh# xp#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 434
FXOWXUD#OLYUH#—#UHYROX§£R#LQWHUQ©WLFD

REVOLUÇÃO I NTERNÉTI CA

Vkorplw#Zroi#0#v{f1kx
Sru#Zdqh|#Ydvfrqfhorv

Urpshudp0vh#dv#uhsuhvdv#gr#fÉx Dk/#pdv#Év#suhjxlÇrvr$$
Vdfhugrwhv#hqilp#vrprv#wrgrv#qÓv FrqwlqxduÁv#d#sdjdu#frp#whx#vdqjxh
D#ox}#djrud#É#txh#qrv#vhjxluÁ R#srghu#gh#rxwurv#idoduhp#sru#wlB
H#vÚglwr#vh#wruqrx#r#frqkhflphqwr Whqv#phgr#gh#deulu#d#erfd
Gd#uhdoh}d#gr#judqgh#sryr DwÉ#phvpr#gh#ph{hu#rv#ghgrvB
Fxmr#wurqr#irud#xvxusdgr#gd#uhdolgdgh Sru#txdqwr#whpsr#pdlv#wxd#ylgd#vhuÁ#r#suhÇr
H#ilqdophqwh#ghfodurx0vh#lpshugrÁyho# Gh#wxd#hpeuldjxh}#gr#txh#qÃr#É#uhdoB
lqvdqlgdgh
D#rughp#fdÓwlfd#fulvwdol}dgd Dfrugd/#pdqr#yhokr$$
D#lqirupdÇÃr
Hvwhqgh#wxd#pÃr#dwÉ#d#pdlv#suÓ{lpd#qxyhp phvpr#vh#qÃr#d#txhuhv
H#gh#oÁ#duudqfd#r#vdehu HvwÁ#djrud#hp#wxdv#pÃrv
Ghl{d#qr#oxjdu#ghvrfxsdgr Frpr#xpd#edwdwd#txhqwh
Wxd#vlpsohv#duwh#gh#ylyhu dwÉ#phvpr#lqfdqghvfhqwh

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 435
FXOWXUD#OLYUH#—#UHYROX§£R#LQWHUQ©WLFD

Fkhjrx#r#whpsr Pdv/#r#txÊ#B$B
ilqdophqwh HpedÇdv#r#hvshokr#frp#r#pÓuelgr#edir#gd#
QÃr#srghv#pdlv#gdu phvplfh#B

xpd#gh#lqrfhqwh Frp#d#ixpdÇd#hqwrushfhqwh#gh#txhp#wh#txhu#
hvfudyr#B$B
D#uhyroxÇÃr#hvwÁ#ihlwd
luuhphgldyhophqwh
Dk/#phx#lupÃr$$
R#txh#pdlv#kÁ#gh#vhu#ihlwr
QÃr#pdlv#vÃr#vlqlvwurv
Qd#ghslodgd#idfh#ghvvh#ulfr#sodqhwd
Rv#uhoÂpsdjrv#h#wuryÕhv
DwÉ#txh#vdledprv
Ylqgrv#gh#whpshvwxrvdv#qxyhqv
Txh#phvpr#txdqgr#gruplprv
Djrud#vrphqwh#dvvxvwdp#
vrqkdprv
Txhp#ylyh#gd#dokhld#hvfxulgÃr
H#txh#r#lghdo#vxsuhpr#gd#suhjxlÇd
©#d#pruwh#B$B
HvwÁ#ihlwd#d#judqgh#pÁjlfd
Gh#vh#id}hu#suhvhqwh#qr#sodqhwd#wrgr
Gh#idodu#vhp#fhqvxud#hp#txdotxhu#oÍqjxd
Gh#wud}hu#gr#qdgd#srghurvdv#ihuudphqwdv
Txh#wh#iduÃr#frpsohwdphqwh#kxpdqr
Plokduhv#djrud#srghp#hvfxwdu#whx#julwr#gh#
lqgljqdÇÃr
Wxd#ghqÚqfld#gh#lqmxvwd#h{sorudÇÃr
Yhu#wxd#pdlv#Íqwlpd#duwÍvwlfd#h{suhvvÃr
111ghprurx/#pdv#hvwÁ#ihlwr#r#frphÇr#gh#vh#id}hu
ZDQH\#YDVFRQFHORV#whp#6:#dqrv/#É#
dvvhqwdgr#gd#uhirupd#djuÁuld#h#wdpeÉp#
oxwd#sru#hod#+pdlv#xp#gluhlwr#gr#sryr,/#id}#
HvwÁ#frqvwuxÍgr#r#pÁjlfr#hvshokr duwh#+hvfxowxud/#slqwxud#duwhvdqdwr,#sdud#
vreuhylyhu/#h/#ghvgh#txh#vh#hqwhqgh#sru#
Txh#wh#prvwud#wxd#ehoh}d jhqwh#É#hgxfdgru#srsxodu/#wudedokdqgr#frp#
rilflqdv#gh#duwh/#whdwur/#lqirupÁwlfd/#lqjoÊv#h#
Txh#wud}#lpdjhqv#gh#rxwud#sduwh#gr#pxqgr hvsdqkro#frpr#yroxqwÁulr1#Dwxdophqwh#
frrughqd#r#whohfhqwur#+yld#JHVDF,#gr#
H#rqgh#srghv#surmhwdu#dv#pdlv#orxfdv#h#ehodv dvvhqwdphqwr#R}lho/#txh#ilfd#qd#glylvd#gh#
JrlÁv#frp#Pdwr#Jurvvr1#
lpdj0lq0dÇÕhv

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 436
HYHQWR#—#LLL#HQFRQWUR#FRPXQLFD§£R#GLJLWDO#0#MR£R#SHVVRD2SE

Sru#MdqdÍqd#Plolwdr

R# Hqfrqwur# FrpxqlfdÇÃr# Gljlwdo# 0# HFG/#


txh# rfruuh# qrv# gldv# <# h# 43# gh# qryhpeur/# hp#
MrÃr# Shvvrd2SE/# É# xp# hyhqwr# rujdql}dgr# sru#
doxqrv# gr# Lqvwlwxwr# Ihghudo# gh# HgxfdÇÃr/# FlÊq0
fld# h# Whfqrorjld# gd# SdudÍed# ^ # LISE# txh# frp0
sÕhp# r# QÚfohr# FrpxqlfdÇÃr# Gljlwdo# ^ # QFG/#
fuldgr# hp# 533:# h# txh# ghvgh# hqwÃr# yhp# ghvhq0
yroyhqgr#dÇÕhv#gh#glixvÃr#h#surmhwrv#gh#shvtxl0
vd#whqgr#r#Vriwzduh#Olyuh#h#r#frpsduwlokdphqwr#
gr# frqkhflphqwr# frpr# grlv# sulqfÍslrv# ixqgd0
phqwdlv1
R#HFG#É#xp#hyhqwr#vhp#ilqv#oxfudwlyrv#gh#
fxqkr#flhqwÍilfr#h#fxowxudo/#fxmr#r#remhwlyr#sulqfl0
sdo# É# sursruflrqdu# drv# sduwlflsdqwhv# xp# fdqdo#
sdud#d#olyuh#glyxojdÇÃr#h#glvfxvvÃr#vreuh#rv#wh0
pdv#hphujhqwhv#qd#Áuhd#gd#Whfqrorjld#gd#Lqiru0
pdÇÃr/# ehp# frpr# glixqglu# r# xvr# gr# Vriwzduh#
Olyuh#h#d#lqfoxvÃr#gljlwdo1#
R# L# h# LL# HFG# irudp# uhdol}dgrv/# uhvshfwlyd0
phqwh/# hp# 533:# h# 533;/# frqwulexlqgr# frp# d#
txdolilfdÇÃr# dfdgÊplfd# h# surilvvlrqdo# gh# pdlv#
gh# 933# sduwlflsdqwhv1# Qhvwh# dqr/# r# hyhqwr# rfru0
uhuÁ#qrv#gldv#3<#h#43#gh#qryhpeur/#qr#dxglwÓulr#
gr# LISE# hp# MrÃr# Shvvrd0SE1# D# h{shfwdwlyd# É#
gh#txh#xp#sÚeolfr#gh#683#shvvrdv/#irupdgr#sru#
hvwxgdqwhv/#surihvvruhv/#shvtxlvdgruhv/#surilvvl0
rqdlv#h#hpsuhvdv#gd#Áuhd#gh#WL/#sduwlflshp#gdv#
sdohvwudv#h#plqlfxuvrv#suhylvwrv1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 437
HYHQWR#—#LLL#HQFRQWUR#FRPXQLFD§£R#GLJLWDO#0#MR£R#SHVVRD2SE

Dr# wrgr# vhuÃr# plqlvwudgrv# wuÊv# plqlfxuvrv=# ed,/# Olqx{IL# +kwws=22zzz1olqx{il1frp1eu,/# Vriwfrp#
Ghvhqyroylphqwr# gh# dsolfdÇÕhv# sdud# WY# Gljlwdo# +kwws=22zzz1vriwfrpwhfqrorjld1frp1eu2,/# Dplfur#
frp#Mdyd/##Uxe|#rq#Udlov#h#S|wkrq1 +kwws=22zzz1dplfurlqirupdwlfd1frp1eu,/# LISE#
Hqwuh# rv# whpdv# d# vhuhp# dsuhvhqwdgrv# qdv# +kwws=22zzz1lise1hgx1eu,/# # L5S# +kwws=22zzz1l5s1#
sdohvwudv#hvwÃr=#]deel{/#lqwholjÊqfld#Duwlilfldo/#Gh0 frp1eu,# h# gd# Uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh# +kwws=22uhylv0
vhqyroylphqwr#hpedufdgr#frp#hOxd/#Mdpsd#Gl0 wd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj,1
jlwdo/# Uhdolgdgh# Yluwxdo/# # Phwrgrorjldv# ¡jhlv# gh# Fxpsulqgr#frp#r#vhx#sdsho#gh#uhvsrqvdel0
Ghvhqyroylphqwr# gh# Vriwzduh/# # Dutxlwhwxud# gh# olgdgh# vrfldo/# r# LLL# HFG# lqfhqwlyd# drv# sduwlflsdq0
Vlvwhpdv# gh# FrpxqlfdÇÃr/# SurjudpdÇÃr# Prel0 whv# d# grdÇÃr# gh# jÊqhurv# dolphqwÍflrv#
oh##h#rxwurv#whpdv#txh#srghp#vhu#ylvwrv#qr#vlwh# ghvwlqdgrv#À#Fdvd#gd#FuldqÇd#frp#FÂqfhu/#lqvwl0
gr#hyhqwr#frp#pdlruhv#ghwdokhv1 wxlÇÃr# ilodqwuÓslfd# txh# gÁ# dsrlr# drv# sdflhqwhv# h#
R#sdohvwudqwh#ghvwdtxh#É#Gdgr#Vxwwhu/#txh# idplolduhv# ylqgrv# gr# lqwhulru# hp# exvfd# gh# wudwd0
dsuhvhqwd#sdohvwudv#qr#pxqgr#wrgr#vreuh#d#vxd# phqwr# qr# Krvslwdo# gr# FÂqfhu# QdsrohÃr# Odxuhd0
fuldÇÃr=# r# surmhwr# hOxd# +kwws=22zzz1hoxdsurmhfw1# qr/#hp#MrÃr#Shvvrd0SE1
qhw,/# txh# ylvd# rihuhfhu# d# sohqd# lpsohphqwdÇÃr# Dv#lqvfulÇÕhv#vÃr#judwxlwdv#h#srghp#vhu#ihl0
gd#olqjxdjhp#gh#surjudpdÇÃr#Oxd#sdud#rv#glvsr0 wdv# qr# vlwh# kwws=22hfg53431uj61qhw1# Qr# fuhghqfld0
vlwlyrv#hpedufdgrv1#Hoh#hvwduÁ#hp#MrÃr#Shvvrd# phqwr/# rv# sduwlflsdqwhv# suhflvdp# ohydu# xp# txlor#
shod# sulphlud# yh}# sdud# idodu# vreuh# r# ghvhqyroyl0 gh# dolphqwr# qÃr0shuhfÍyho/# h{fhwr# vdo/# sdud# vhu#
phqwr# gh# vriwzduh# sdud# glvsrvlwlyrv# hpedufd0 grdgr#d#Fdvd#gd#FuldqÇd#frp#FÂqfhu1
grv#xvdqgr#r#hOxd1 Id}hp# sduwh# gd# htxlsh# rujdql}dgrud# gr#
Sdud#frpsohwdu#r#judqgh#wlph/#r#HFG#frqwd0 hyhqwr=#MdqdÍqd#PlolwÃr#+frrughqdgrud#gr#QFG,/#
uÁ#frp#d#suhvhqÇd#grv#sdohvwudqwhv#frqylgdgrv=# G*dqjhoo|v# Fdydofdqwl# +ylfh0frrughqdgru# gr#
Dgulydjqhu# Gdqwdv/# DÉflr# Sluhv/# Fodxluwrq# Vlh0 QFG,/#Dohvvdqgud#Phqghv/#D|uwrq#Grxjodv/#Eux0
eud/#Gdqlho#Idxvwlqr/#Glhjr#Shvvrd/#Hulvydogr#MÚ0 qr#Eudjd/#Hyhuwrq#Iuhlwdv/#Ohqlq#Ihuqdqghv/#Qd0
qlru/# IoÁylr# Ulehlur/# Khuhplwd# Olud/# Oxdq# Urfkd/# wdq# Eudvlohlur/# Qlhovrq# Urolq/# RwdfÍolr# Ylfhqwh# h#
PdxuÍfr#Olqkduhv/#Udidhooh#Iholfldqr/#Ulfdugr#Ur0 Ulfdugr#DqdvwÁflr1
ehuwr# h# Urguljr# UherxÇdv1# Frp# hvwh# wlph# hp# Iltxh#dwhqwr+d,#dv#qrylgdghv#d#fhufd#gd#ru0
fdpsr/#d#htxlsh#rujdql}dgrud#gr#hyhqwr#hvshud# jdql}dÇÃr# gr# hyhqwr# vhjxlqgr# Cqfgblise# qr#
txh# rv# sduwlflsdqwhv# srvvdp# dsuhqghu# h# lqwhud0 Wzlwwhu1
jlu#hqwuh#vl#h#frp#rv#sdohvwudqwhv#sdud#frpsduwl0
okdu#h{shulÊqfldv#h#xvÁ0odv#qr#gld#d#gld1
MDQD­QD#PLOLWDR#É#Frrughqdgrud#gr#
D#lqwhqÇÃr#gd#htxlsh#rujdql}dgrud#É#sursru0 QÚfohr#FrpxqlfdÇÃr#Gljlwdo/#Judgxdqgd#
hp#Vlvwhpdv#sdud#Lqwhuqhw#h#SÓv0
flrqdu#drv#sduwlflsdqwhv#xp#hyhqwr#gh#txdolgdgh# judgxdqgd#hp#Ghvhqyroylphqwr#sdud#
h#judwxlwr1#Sdud#txh#lvvr#vhmd#srvvÍyho/#r#HFG#mÁ# Glvsrvlwlyrv#PÓyhlv1
frqwd# frp# r# dsrlr# fxowxudo# h2rx# ilqdqfhlur# gr#
VHEUDH0SE# +kwws=22zzz1vheudh1frp1eu2xi2sdudl0

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 438
HYHQWR#—#LL#ZLQOLQX[#GD\#0#EHO©P2SD

Sru#Sdqphood#DudÚmr

Ghsrlv# gr# vxfhvvr# hp# 533</# r# ZlqOlqx{# VHUYL§R=


Gd|# yrowd# hp# xpd# qryd# hglÇÃr# hp# 5343/# djrud# Hyhqwr=#ZlqOlqx{#Gd|
frp# r# LL# Hyhqwr# gh# LqwhjudÇÃr# txh# whp# frpr# LqÍflr#gdv#lqvfulÇÕhv=#4824325343
whpd#d#%VroxÇÃr#hqwuh#Vlvwhpdv%1 Gdwd=#6324425343
R# hyhqwr/# uhdol}dgr# shod# YluwxdoOlqn/# KruÁulr=#;#Àv#4:kuv
glvfxwluÁ#d#lqwhjudÇÃr#grv#vlvwhpdv#rshudflrqdlv# Orfdo=#EhoÉp2SD
Zlqgrzv# h# Olqx{/# uhyhodqgr# dv# ixqflrqdolgdghv# LqirupdÇÕhv=#zzz1zlqolqx{gd|1frp1eu#2#
srvvÍyhlv# txdqgr# h{lvwh# d# lqwhjudÇÃr/# dfdedqgr# zzz1yluwxdoolqn1frp1eu
frp# r# sdudgljpd# gh# txh# qÃr# h{lvwh#
frpsdwlelolgdgh# hqwuh# hohv# h# ghprqvwudqgr# txh# Frqwdwr#h#sdwurfÍqlr=#.88#<4#6574#0#77:7
ilfduÁ#fdgd#yh}#pdlv#frpxp#hvwd#uhodÇÃr1
R# ZlqOlqx{# Gd|/# txh# É# yrowdgr# sdud#
surilvvlrqdlv# h# dfdgÊplfrv# gd# Áuhd# gh# SDQPHOOD#DUDºMR#id}#sduwh#gr#Ghsduwdphqwr#gh#
whfqrorjld/# dfrqwhfhuÁ# qr# gld# 63# gh# qryhpeur/# FrpxqlfdÇÃr#h#Pdunhwlqj#gd#YluwxdoOlqn#Frqvxowruld#0#VroxÇÕhv#
h#Wuhlqdphqwrv#hp#Olqx{1
frp#ydjdv#olplwdgdv1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 439
HYHQWR#—#Y#OLQX[#GD\#0#MXL]#GH#IRUD2PJ

Sru#OÚfld#Khohqd#gh#PdjdokÃhv

R# fxuvr# vxshulru# gh# Whfqrorjld# hp# D# judgh# frpsohwd# gr# hyhqwr# h# dv#
Vlvwhpdv# sdud# Lqwhuqhw/# gdv# Idfxogdghv# lqvfulÇÕhv# hvwÃr# glvsrqÍyhlv# hp#
Lqwhjudgdv# Yldqqd# MÚqlru/# uhdol}d/# qr# gld# 53# gh# zzz1yldqqdmu1hgx1eu2olqx{gd|1#
qryhpeur/# r# Y# Olqx{# Gd|1# R# hyhqwr# uhxqluÁ#
hpsuhvdv/# surilvvlrqdlv/# surihvvruhv# h#
hvwxgdqwhv# gh# Mxl}# gh# Irud# h# uhjlÃr# sdud#
ghedwhuhp#vreuh#r#Vriwzduh#Olyuh1#
R# hyhqwr# frqwd# frp# sdohvwudqwhv#
Sdud#pdlv#lqirupdÇÕhv=
uhqrpdgrv#h#uhfrqkhflgrv#qdflrqdophqwh/#doÉp# Vlwh#gr#hyhqwr
gh# grlv# sdohvwudqwhv# gd# LEP1# Dv# dwlylgdghv# kwws=22zzz1yldqqdmu1hgx1eu2olqx{gd|
sdudohodv# dr# hyhqwr# whuÃr# lqÍflr# qr# gld# 4;# gh#
qryhpeur/# frp# r# plql0fxuvr# %QÃr# whqkd# phgr#
gh# Olqx{%/# frp# Mhdq# Slphqwho/# gd# Dsulprudu#
Ghvhqyroylphqwr1# Qd# vh{wd/# gld# 4</# vhuÁ#
uhdol}dgd# yÍghr0frqihuÊqfld# frp# r# whpd#
%Prghor# gh# QhjÓflrv/# Frqfhlwrv# h#
Rsruwxqlgdghv# gh# Hpsuhjr# hp# Vriwzduh# Olyuh%/#
frp# r# sdohvwudqwh# Pdufhor# Pdutxhv/#
hpsuhhqghgru# hp# Vriwzduh# Olyuh# h# VÓflr# gd#
7Olqx{1#
R# Y# Olqx{# Gd|# É# xp# hvsdÇr# sdud# txh# d# OºFLD#KHOHQD#GH#PDJDOK£HV#É#
phvwuh#hp#vlvwhpdv#frpsxwdflrqdlv#shod#
frpxqlgdgh# gh# ghvhqyroyhgruhv# srvvd# ghedwhu# XIUM1#Surihvvrud#qr#Fxuvr#gh#
whpdv# dwxdlv# hp# whuprv# gh# vriwzduhv# olyuhv1# R# DgplqlvwudÇÃr/#Hfrqrpld#h#Vlvwhpdv#sdud#
Lqwhuqhw#gdv#Idfxogdghv#Lqwhjudgdv#Yldqqd#
hyhqwr# wdpeÉp# hvwdehohfh# xp# fdqdo# sdud# wurfd# MÚqlru1#Frughqdgrud#gr#fxuvr#Vxshulru#gh#
gh# h{shulÊqfldv# hqwuh# dfdgÊplfrv# h# Whfqrorjld#hp#Vlvwhpdv#sdud#Lqwhuqhw#0#
ILYM1
surilvvlrqdlv#gd#Áuhd1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 43:
HYHQWR#—#UHODWR#GR#HYHQWR=#VIG#5343#0#YLW³ULD2HV

Sru#Wkdolvrq#Shohjulql#h#Pdufhor#Fdpslqkrv

R# vriwzduh# olyuh# É# ghilqlgr# frpr# txdotxhu#


surjudpd# gh# frpsxwdgru# txh# srgh# vhu# xvdgr/#
frsldgr/# hvwxgdgr# h# uhglvwulexÍgr# vhp# uhvwul0
ÇÕhv1# YÁuldv# flgdghv# dr# uhgru# gr# jorer# uhdol}d0
udp# qd# vhpdqd# sdvvdgd# r# hyhqwr# Vriwzduh#
Iuhhgrp# Gd|# +VIG,# rx# hp# sruwxjxÊv# Gld# gr#
Vriwzduh# Olyuh/# h# dtxl# qr# HvsÍulwr# Vdqwr# qÃr# irl#
glihuhqwh1#
R#remhwlyr#gr#hyhqwr#irl#prvwudu#dr#sÚeolfr#
hp#wrgr#r#pxqgr#rv#ehqhiÍflrv#gh#xvdu#Vriwzd0
uh#Olyuh2FÓgljr#Dehuwr#gh#dowd#txdolgdgh#qd#hgx0
fdÇÃr/#qr#jryhuqr/#hp#fdvd/#h#qrv#qhjÓflrv/#rx#
vhmd/#hp#wrgrv#rv#oxjduhv$

Uhodwr#gr#Srqwr#qš#4=#Hvfrod#Jrphv#
Fduglp
Qr# hvwdgr# gr# HvsÍulwr# Vdqwr# krxyhudp# grlv#
srqwrv#txh#wudedokdudp#hp#gldv#vhsdudgrv/#qd#uh0
dol}dÇÃr# gr# hyhqwr/# qrv# gldv# 49# h# 4:# gh# vhwhp0
eur1#Xp#ghohv#rfruuhx#qd##Hvfrod#Jrphv#Fduglp/#
txh/# vre# d# vxshuylvÃr# gr# surihvvru# Wkdolvrq# MÂ0
qlr# Shohjulql/# h# txh# frqwdqgr# frp# r# dsrlr# qd# ru0
jdql}dÇÃr# gr# fxuvr# WÉfqlfr# hp# Hyhqwrv/#
frrughqdgr#shor#surihvvru#Urjhu#gh#Vrx}d/#mxqwd0
phqwh#frp#rv#doxqrv/#ghudp#xp#ghudp#xp#vkrz#
qd# rujdql}dÇÃr# h# sduwlflsdÇÃr1#D# Lqlfldwlyd# HvsÍul0
wr#Olyuh/#frrughqdgd#sru#MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#Frvwd#MÚ0
qlru/# hp# sdufhuld# frp# r# fxuvr# wÉfqlfr# gh#

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 43;
HYHQWR#—#UHODWR#GR#HYHQWR=#VIG#5343#0#YLW³ULD2HV

Iljxud#4=#Sdohvwud#vreuh#d#Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh#ih}#sduwh#gdv# Iljxud#5=#Rv#sduwlflsdqwhv#gd#Hvfrod#Jrphv#Fduglp#vh#uhxqludp#
dwlylgdghv sdud#frqkhfhu#pdlv#vreuh#r#txh#É#Vriwzduh#Olyuh

lqirupÁwlfd/#hp#txhvwÃr/#wruqdudp#srvvÍyho#d#uhdol0 Sdud#hqfhuudu#d#surjudpdÇÃr#krxyh#xp#Fri0
}dÇÃr#gr#VIG1 ihh# Euhdn/# sdud# frqiudwhuql}dÇÃr# grv# suhvhqwhv#
qr#hyhqwr1
R# VIG# qd# Hvfrod# Jrphv# Fduglp/# uhdol}rx0
vh# qd# txlqwd0ihlud/# gld# 49# gh# vhwhpeur/# whqgr# lql0
flr#Àv#4<k#frp#d#sulphlud#sdohvwud#plqlvwudgd#sh0 Uhodwr#gr#Srqwr#qš#5=#Vhqdl#YlwÓuld
or# Doh{dqguh# Erued# frp# r# whpd=# %Olqx{# sdud# Qxpd# wdugh# gh# Vhwhpeur/# pdlv# suhflvd0
vhuhv#kxpdqrv%1 phqwh#gld#4:23</#doxqrv/#surihvvruhv#h#hqwxvldv0
D# sdohvwud# gh# Doh{dqguh# Erued/# wurx{h# sdud# wdv# gh# vriwzduh# olyuh# hvwlyhudp# uhxqlgrv# qr#
r#sÚeolfr/#d#idfh#dpljÁyho#gr#Olqx{#dr#xvxÁulr#fr0 dxglwÓulr#gr#Vhqdl#Ehlud#Pdu#sdud#dv#frphprud0
pxp/#prvwudqgr#drv#suhvhqwhv#txh#É#srvvÍyho#xwl0 ÇÕhv# gr# Vriwzduh# Iuhhgrp# Gd|# # +VIG,/# hyhqwr#
ol}du# xp# vlvwhpd# rshudflrqdo# olyuh# hp# vhx# txh#whyh#ihvwlylgdghv#qr#pxqgr#wrgr1
frpsxwdgru# gr# gld# d# gld/# vhp# txh# lvvr# vh# wruqh# R# VIG/# hp# sruwxjxÊv# Gld# gd# olehugdgh# gr#
xp#elfkr#gh#vhwh#fdehÇdv1 Vriwzduh# uhsuhvhqwd# d# fhoheudÇÃr# pxqgldo# gr#
 v#53k#whyh#lqÍflr#d#sdohvwud#gh#Ohrqdugr#Ih0 vriwzduh# olyuh# h# gh# fÓgljr# dehuwr# +VO2FD,1# Pdlv#
ol{/# surihvvru# gr# Jrphv# Fduglp/# derugdqgr# r#
%Vriwzduh# Olyuh# qd# HgxfdÇÃr%1# Ihol{# prvwurx# fr0
pr# É# srvvÍyho# xwlol}du# surjudpdv# olyuhv# ghqwur# gr#
dpelhqwh#hgxfdflrqdo/#xwlol}dqgr#frpr#h{hpsor#r#
vlvwhpd#rshudflrqdo#Olqx{#Hgxfdflrqdo#+ghvhqyro0
ylgr#hp#sdufhuld#hqwuh#r#PHF#h#r#F6VO#h#xwlol}d0
gr# shod# uhgh# hvwdgxdo# gh# hgxfdÇÃr,# h# dojxqv#
surjudpdv#qdwlyrv#gd#glvwulexlÇÃr1
Hp#vhjxlgd/#r#hyhqwr#survvhjxlx#frp#d#sd0
ohvwud# %Frqvwuxlqgr# xpd# sxeolfdÇÃr# xwlol}dqgr#
vriwzduh# olyuh=# R# fdvh# gd# Uhylvwd# HvsÍulwr# Olyuh%1#
MrÃr#Ihuqdqgr#prvwurx#xpd#dowhuqdwlyd#sdud#hglwr0
udÇÃr#h#fuldÇÃr#gh#pdwhuldo#sdud#xpd#uhylvwd#gljl0
wdo1 Iljxud#6=#Doxqrv#gr#VHQDL#YlwÓuld#dwhqwrv#dr#dvvxqwr#glvfxwlgr

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 43<
HYHQWR#—#UHODWR#GR#HYHQWR=#VIG#5343#0#YLW³ULD2HV

pdlv# ylvlyhophqwh# dfhufd# gdv# dsolfdÇÕhv# irupx0


odgdv#shorv#doxqrv#h#djrud#ghprqvwudgdv#qd#:#
Vhpdqd# gh# FlÊqfld# h# Whfqrorjld# qd# txdo# ohyd0
prv# rv# surmhwrv# FWUHGHV0DS# h# FWUHGHV0
YrLS%/# uhvxph# r# surihvvru# Pdufhor# Fdpslqkrv/#
xp# grv# surihvvruhv# gr# fxuvr# wÉfqlfr# hp# Uhghv#
gh#Frpsxwdgru#gr#Vhqdl1
R# hyhqwr# frqwrx# frp# d# sduwlflsdÇÃr# gh# gl0
yhuvrv# froderudgruhv# gr# %pxqgr# olyuh%# srghqgr#
ghvwdfdu# d# lpsruwdqwh# sduwlflsdÇÃr# gr# Surihvvru#
MrÃr# Ihuqdqgr# Frvwd# Mxqlru# txh# whyh# judqgh#
hpshqkr#sdud#txh#r#hyhqwr#rfruuhvvh1
%Ilfdprv# judwlilfdgrv# frp# r# uhvxowdgr# h# r#
Iljxud#7=#R#VHQDL#YlwÓuld#uhfhehx#rv#sduwlflsdqwhv#h#deulx#dv# lpsdfwr# gr# hyhqwr# vreuh# rv# glvfhqwhv1# Hvshud0
sruwdv#sdud#qryrv#hyhqwrv prv#txh#hp#5344#srvvdprv#qÃr#dshqdv#frph0
gr#txh#wxgr/#r#hyhqwr#fdudfwhul}d0vh#sru#ghprqv0 prudu# hvwh# frpr# qrydv%/# ghfodud# r# Surihvvru#
wudu#dr#sÚeolfr#rv#ehqhiÍflrv#gr#xvr#h#dsolfdÇÃr# Zlogpdun1
qdv# pdlv# glyhuvdv# Áuhdv# frpr# hgxfdÇÃr/# vhwru#
sÚeolfr/#hp#vxdv#fdvdv#h#wdpeÉp#qrv#qhjÓflrv1
WKDOLVRQ#SHOHJULQL#dwxd#frpr#surihvvru#h#frrughqdgru#gr#
%FrphÇdprv#r#dqr#gh#5343#ylvdqgr#wuded0 fxuvr#wÉfqlfr#gh#lqirupÁwlfd#gd#Hvfrod#Jrphv#Fduglp1
okdu#frp#surmhwrv#h#lgÉldv#txh#frqwhpsodvvhp#r#
xvr# gh# whfqrorjldv# olyuhv1# Lvwr# srgh# vhu# ylvwr# PDUFHOR#FDPSLQKRV#dwxd#frpr#surihvvru#h#frrughqdgru#
gr#fxuvr#wÉfqlfr#gh#uhghv#gr#VHQDL#0#YlwÓuld1

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 443
TXDGULQKRV

TXDGULQKRV
Sru#MrÃr#Iholsh#Vrduhv#Vloyd#Qhwr

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 444
DJHQGD#—#R#TXH#W¡#URODQGR#QR#PXQGR#GH#WL

DJHQGD
QRYHPEUR

Hyhqwr=#Y#VhjLqir Hyhqwr=#YLL#HYLGRVRO# Hyhqwr=# SKS# Frqihuhqfh#


Gdwd=#36/#37/#3;#d#4624425343 Gdwd=#49#d#4;24425343 Eudvlo#5343
Orfdo=#Ulr#gh#Mdqhlur2UM Orfdo=#Rqolqh Gdwd=#58#d#5;24425343
Orfdo=#Rvdvfr2VS
Hyhqwr=#LY#HQVO#2#LY#HSVO Hyhqwr=#FRPVROlG#5343
Gdwd=#38#h#3924425343 Gdwd=#4:#d#5324425343 Hyhqwr=# LL# IÓuxp# gh# Vriwzduh#
Orfdo=#Qdwdo2UQ Orfdo=#PdudfdqdÚ2FH Olyuh#gh#Gxtxh#gh#Fd{ldv
Gdwd=#5924425343
Hyhqwr=#HFG#5343# Hyhqwr=#RshqEhdfk#5343 Orfdo=#Gxtxh#gh#Fd{ldv2UM
Gdwd=#3<#h#4324425343 Gdwd=#4<#d#5424425343
Orfdo=#MrÃr#Shvvrd2SE Orfdo=#IoruldqÓsrolv2VF Hyhqwr=#LL#ZlqOlqx{#Gd|
Gdwd=#6324425343
Hyhqwr=#Odwlqrzduh#5343 Hyhqwr=#Y#Olqx{#Gd| Orfdo=#EhoÉp2SD
Gdwd=#43#d#4524425343 Gdwd=#5324425343
Orfdo=#Ir}#gr#LjxdÇx2SU Orfdo=#Mxl}#gh#Irud2PJ

Hyhqwr=#LL#Olehugdgh#Lqwhudwlyd Hyhqwr=#[[L#VELH
Gdwd=#4424425343 Gdwd=#56#d#5924425343
Orfdo=#YlwÓuld2HV Orfdo=#MrÃr#Shvvrd2SE

HQWUH#DVSDV#—#FLWD§µHV#H#RXWUDV#IUDVHV#F©OHEUHV

##########Txdvh#vhpsuh#plqruldv#fuldwlydv#h#ghglfdgdv#
wruqdp#r#pxqgr#phokru1
Pduwlq#Oxwkhu#Nlqj#0#Sdvwru#gd#Ljuhmd#Edwlvwd#h#dwlylvwd#sroÍwlfr#
qruwh0dphulfdqr

Irqwh=#Zlnltxrwh

Uhylvwd#HvsÍulwr#Olyuh##Rxwxeur#5343##kwws=22uhylvwd1hvslulwrolyuh1ruj 445