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Os adjetivos em inglês são usados, geralmente, antes dos

substantivos e não têm forma no plural: boring chato

charming charmoso
interesting interessante
classical clássico
relaxed relaxado
liberal liberal
satisfied satisfeito
romantic romântico
fascinated fascinado
cloudy nublado
dirty sujo
right corner small house thin girls
easy fácil wrong side nice person black cars
healthy saudável big hall tall men

noisy barulhento
Alguns adjetivos são formados pelos seguintes sufixos:
thirsty sedento y: cloudy, hungry, healthy, easy, thirsty, lucky, funny
ly: brotherly, lively, friendly, monthly, leisurely
friendly amigável
ish: childish, British, foolish, snobbish
monthly mensal ful: beautiful, skillful, careful, useful
childlike infantil less: aimless, pointless, lifeless, hopeless
able: admirable, adaptable, reasonable, recognizable
foolish imbecil
ive: attractive, impressive, excessive, progressive
british britânico ing: entertaining, fascinating, exciting, thrilling
ed: embarrassed, satisfied, disappointed, worried
beautiful bonito
al: political, fictional, ecological, digital
careful cuidadoso like: businesslike, childlike, godlike, lifelike
useful útil Exemplos:
Today the sky is not blue. It is a cloudy day.
harmful maléfico
That book is very useful.
hopeless desesperançoso He is a political person.
Comparativo e superlativo dos adjetivos
useless inútil
careless descuidado
admirable admirável
as ... as
considerable considerável
-er ... than (tão ... como/
reasonable razoável (mais ... que) quanto)

adaptable adaptável
ou ou less ... than
recognizable reconhecível (menos ... que)
destructive destrutivo more ... than not as ... as
(mais ... que) not so ... as
excessive excessivo
(não tão ... como/
progressive progressivo quanto)


O comparativo de superioridade com -er é usado com adjetivos e Exemplos:

advérbios até duas sílabas; já o comparativo de superioridade formado She is better than Raphael in English.
com more ... than é usado com adjetivos e advérbios com mais de
duas sílabas. Os comparativos de igualdade e inferioridade são usados This is the worst place in town.
com qualquer adjetivo ou advérbio, independentemente do número de Porto Alegre is farther than Curitiba.
sílabas. This bag is much more expensive than that one.
Paulo is taller than Roberto. (Paulo é maior do que Roberto.) Outros tipos de comparativos e superlativos:
Jane is more beautiful than Maria. (Jane é mais bonita do que Maria.) Exemplos:
Salvador is as hot as Rio. (Salvador é tão quente como o Rio.) Hitz Hotel has the most rooms.
Brasilia is not as big as São Paulo. (Brasília não é tão grande My aunt is getting/becoming fatter.
como São Paulo.)
The better the TV set, the more expensive it is.
The Real is less valuable than the Dollar. (O Real tem menos
The more I study, the more I know.
valor do que o Dólar.)

SUPERLATIVO Countries and nationalities:

the ... –est
Afghanistan Afghan an Afghan
(o(a) mais, os(as) mais...)
the least...
ou Argentina Argentinian an Argentinian
(o(a) menos, os(as) menos...)
the most ... Australia Australian an Australian
(o(a) mais, os(as) mais...)
Austria Austrian an Austrian
O superlativo com the ... –est é usado com adjetivos e
Brazil Brazilian a Brazilian
advérbios até duas sílabas, já o superlativo com the most...
é usado com adjetivos e advérbios com mais de duas sílabas. O Canada Canadian a Canadian
superlativo de inferioridade é usado com qualquer adjetivo ou
advérbio, independentemente do número de sílabas. Chile Chilean a Chilean
China Chinese a Chinese
That city is the coldest in the country.
My garden is the liveliest in town. Colombia Colombian a Colombian
She is the most beautiful girl in the class. Denmark Danish a Dane
Paula and Marcos are the most intelligent students of this
school. Egypt Egyptian an Egyptian
Nos adjetivos formados por uma consoante + vogal + consoante, England English an English
como: big, thin, hot etc., dobramos a última consoante quando
acrescentarmos o sufixo –er ou –est. Finland Finnish a Finn
France French a French
big – bigger – biggest
thin – thinner – thinnest Germany German a German
hot – hotter – hottest Greece Greek a Greek


good/well Iran Iranian an Iranian

better than – the best
Iraq Iraqi an Iraqi
Ireland Irish an Irish
worse than – the worst
Italy Italian an Italian
less than – the least Japan Japanese a Japanese

much/many Mexico Mexican a Mexican

more than – the most Netherlands Dutch a Dutch
far Norway Norwegian a Norwegian
farther than – the farthest
Peru Peruvian a Peruvian

The Philippines Philippine a Filipino


03. (UNIFENAS) Was the game exciting?

Oh, yes. It was _________.
Poland Polish a Pole a) alarming c) tiring e) boring

Portugal Portuguese a Portuguese b) moving d) thrilling

Russia Russian a Russian 04. (SANTA CECILIA) The weather in Sao Paulo is certainly _____ it is
in Ceará.
a Saudi Arabian or
Saudi Arabia Arabian or Saudi a) colder than c) the coldest of e) more cold than
a Saudi
b) the colder d) the most cold
Scotland Scottish a Scot
05. (ITAUNA) With the divorce, Mr. Bellini left his _____ assets to Mrs.
South Africa South African a South African Bellini and kept _____ ones for himself.
South Korea South Korean a South Korean a) better - the badly d) best - the worst
b) best - more badly e) the best - worst
Spain Spanish a Spaniard
c) the best - the worst
Sweden Swedish a Swede
06. (SÃO MARCOS) Even being _____ lady in town, Mrs. Antonelli is
Switzerland Swiss a Swiss _____ cook we know of.
Thailand Thai a Thai a) older - better d) the oldest - the best
b) the oldest - best e) the eldest - the goodest
Turkey Turkish a Turk
c) the older - the better
United States of
American an American 07. (UEMG 2014) In the sentence: “The two men had a meeting, and
America (USA)
Lustig confessed that he wasn’t looking for the highest offer”, the
Uruguay Uruguayan a Uruguayan expression the highest is a superlative.
Read the following adjectives:
Venezuela Venezuelan a Venezuelan
cheap – tall – good – smart
Vietnam Vietnamese a Vietnamese Which of the sequences below has the correct superlative form of the
adjectives above?
Wales Welsh a Welsh
a) the cheapest - the tallest - the goodest - the smartiest
As nacionalidades podem ser usadas como substantivo ou adjetivo b) the cheapiest - the tallest - the best - the smartest
na oração, sempre com iniciais maiúsculas. c) the cheapest - the talliest - the goodest - the smartiest
Exemplos: d) the cheapest - the tallest - the best - the smartest
He likes Japanese food. (adjective)
Joana likes to read Russian novels. (adjective) 08. (ITA 2018) Todas as frases abaixo usam a forma comparativa do
adjetivo, EXCETO:
Mary is Australian. (adjective)
a) The rent is cheaper.
– Is he from Germany?
b) You reduce your possessions to the least possible.
– No, I think he’s a French. (noun)
c) The more we have, the happier we will be.
Which language is more difficult: Russian or Chinese? (noun)
d) I feel more content now than I ever did in the past.
Brazilians love soccer. (noun)
e) But by having fewer things around.


In 2013, the remarkable life of cosmologist Stephen Hawking was
the subject of a documentary called, quite simply, Hawking. Now it is
the subject of a feature film. It’s called The Theory of Everything and it’s
01. (ESAMC) Grandma always says that health ______ wealth. directed by James Marsh. The film is based on the memoir of Hawking’s
first wife, Jane Hawking, who met her husband at Cambridge in the
a) is good than
1960s. In the film Jane Hawking is played by Felicity Jones, who says:
b) is better than
FELICITY: I think there was an immediate sexual attraction, but
c) isn’t so good at the same time there was a meeting of minds, and I think they
d) more good challenged each other as well, I think there was a competitiveness
e) “a” and “c” are correct between them, which often, when two people who are quite
different… and I think it was that difference between them that
brought them together.
02. (UNIFENAS) Peter is not from Italy. He is from Denmark. He is
________. But the young couple hadn’t been together very long before
Stephen Hawking was diagnosed as having Motor Neurone Disease,
a) irish d) dutch
also known as ALS, or Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. In The Theory
b) swedish e) thai of Everything Stephen Hawking is played by Eddie Redmayne, who
c) danish talked about the physicist’s famous voice machine:


EDDIE: His relationship with the voice; I mean, the voice itself. It thirty-five), facilitated his fluent expression of musical thought. What is
had never occurred to me when I got this part, “Why has Stephen it in Mozart that heightens our perceptivity? Perhaps it has something
Hawking got an American voice?” And the answer was, that was the to do with being able to pay attention.
first technology that came, and because his voice then became so
related to… or his icon became so related to that voice, he’s never (Source: Adapted from Mozart for Your Mind: Boost Your Brain Power with
wanted to change it because that’s what we know as his new identity, Wolfgang Amadeus, Philips Classics Productions, CD 11.649.77.412, 1995.)
and vocal identity, and my God is identity important!
All the alternatives below are examples of comparatives, EXCEPT:
Jane Hawking nursed her husband for many years and, as Felicity
a) “[...] children as young as two...” (par. 2)
Jones says, they managed to maintain a sense of humour.
b) “[...] scored higher than people who...” (par. 1)
FELICITY: That’s so important, and that’s what we’ve wanted in
telling this story is how both Jane and Stephen are absolutely hilarious, c) “[...] listening longer results in staying smarter longer.” (par.1)
they have a very dry sense of humour, a very English sense of humour, d) “[...] Mozart was [...] a quick thinker.” (par. 3)
and I think that’s partly what enabled them to cope with such difficult
e) “Mozart makes you smarter!” (par. 1)
circumstances was that there’s always a witticism about it, and
meeting Stephen, he was incredibly witty and insightful ... and a very
dry sense of humour.

Stephen and Jane Hawking divorced in the 1990s and Jane
subsequently published her memoir as Music to the Stars. It was
later revised and republished as Travelling to Infinity. Both titles
reflect Stephen Hawking’s status as the world’s most important living
scientist. As Eddie Redmayne says, this is a remarkable achievement,
under the circumstances. 01. (MACKENZIE) Choose the alternative which contains only adjectives.
EDDIE: The astounding thing is that Stephen Hawking was given a) online - worthwhile - hometown
two years to live aged 21, and he’s now 71, 72. I mean, it’s against b) young - portrayal - known
all odds , and it’s a staggering thing, and whether it is to do with his c) performance - according - soul
passion, his drive, his outlook on life, his humour, the specific strain of
d) features - literate - influential
what the disease is, no one knows, but it’s a staggering thing, and he
is a great icon of hope. e) heartbreaking - interesting - remarkable
02. (FMU/FIAM-SP) Peter is ______ tall _______ John.
The alternative that contains only adjectives from the text is:
a) more - such d) as - as
a) hilarious - important - new - divorced - achievement
b) as - most e) as - more
b) published - icon - living - together - diagnosed
c) so - than
c) first - revised - enabled - known - challenged
d) remarkable - immediate - famous - vocal - witty 03. (ITA 2014) Substituindo os adjetivos long e comprehensive,
e) feature - absolutely - important - many - astounding respectivamente, por easy e rich na oração “Harvard conducted one of
the longest and most comprehensive studies of human development”
10. (UFV 2003) (ref. 2), teremos:
THE MOZART EFFECT a) the most easy - the richest

Mozart makes you smarter! Researchers at the University of California b) the easiest - the most rich
at Irvine discovered that people who listened to ten minutes of Mozart c) the more easy - the richer
before taking an intelligence test scored higher than people who listened d) the easiest - the richest
to ten minutes of relaxation instructions or who, for ten minutes, sat in
e) the most easy - the most rich
silence. Scientists speculate that some kinds of music stimulate neural
pathways in the brain. For a period of up to fifteen minutes after listening,
the group that heard Mozart improved significantly in abstract and spatial 04. (UERJ 2004) If it’s noisy, call back from somewhere quieter.
reasoning. The one downer - that improvement is 1temporary - may be The suffix -er in quieter is semantically equivalent to the suffix in:
because listening is a passive activity. No one knows if listening longer a) manners c) caller
results in staying smarter longer.
b) users d) louder
Although some studies suggest that children as young as two
can benefit intellectually from music, you can be any age to take
05. (EN 2016) Which is the correct way to complete the paragraph below?
advantage of the Mozart Effect. You don’t have to be a musician.
You can profit from it regardless of your level of formal education. It No language is easy to learn well, though languages which are
doesn’t matter what kind of job you do, nor if you’ve never listened to related to our first language are __________. Learning a completely
a note of Mozart in your life. You don’t even have to like music! The different writing system is a huge challenge, but that does not
Mozart Effect works automatically. necessarily make a language __________ another. In the end, it
is impossible to say that there is one language that is __________
As a man, Mozart was playful, mercurial, ebullient: a quick thinker.
language in the world.
The rapidity with which he processed information and went from
(Adapted from www.usingenglish.com)
one level of understanding to the next is echoed in the meticulous
organization of his 2frequently complicated but 3always clear music.
a) easier – more difficult – harder
Mozart’s music induces widely varied emotional responses in us, but it
never allows us to wallow: it changes too 5fast. b) the easiest – more difficult – harder
Mozart had a notable career as a child virtuoso. His father, c) as easy as – the most difficult – the hardest
Leopold, had him playing piano at four, composing by five. Mozart’s d) easier – more difficult than – the hardest
neural pathways, widened at an early age and stimulated constantly e) the easiest – more difficult than – the harder
(Mozart composed more than six hundred works before he died at


06. (AFA 2016) Choose the option which shows the same kind of trustworthy or stronger. Most of the participants found the computer-
comparison in the underlined adjective in “friendship is considered to generated averages to be good representations of trustworthiness or
be closer than association”(ref. 1). strength – 10and generally saw the average “financial advisor” face as
a) Americans have no best friends. more trustworthy and the “powerlifter” face as stronger. The findings
from all four surveys were published in the Personality and Social
b) While less restricted in Russia. Psychology Bulletin on June 18.
c) Friendships are often more intense than relationship. (Adaptado de www.scientific.american.com/article/your-facial-bone-strecture-has-a-
d) Everyone has at least one best friend. big-influence-on-how-people-see-you - acesso em 20/8/2015)

Todas as frases abaixo contêm adjetivo com flexão de grau, exceto:

07. (ITA 2016)
a) “[…] photos of oneself convey more these days than snapshots
YOUR FACIAL BONE STRUCTURE HAS A BIG INFLUENCE ever did back in the Kodak era.” (ref. 1)
b) “[…] it can be a stressful task to select the photo that conveys the
[…] Selfies, headshots, mug shots – 1photos of oneself convey more best impression of ourselves.” (ref. 3)
these days than snapshots ever did back in the Kodak era. 2Most digitally
c) “[…] participants picked faces with happier expressions as
minded people continually post and update pictures of themselves at
financial advisors […]” (ref. 8)
professional, social media and dating sites such as LinkedIn, Facebook,
Match.com and Tinder. For better or worse, viewers then tend to make d) “[…] and [participants] selected broader faces as belonging to
snap judgments about someone’s personality or character from a single power-lifting champs.” (ref. 9)
shot. As such, 3it can be a stressful task to select the photo that conveys e) “[…] and generally saw the average “financial advisor” face as
the best impression of ourselves. 4For those of us seeking to appear more trustworthy […]” (ref. 10)
friendly and trustworthy to others, a new study underscores an old,
chipper piece of advice: Put on a happy face. 08. (IME)
A newly published series of experiments by cognitive Bob Evans, that athletic-looking young man, ran ______ and finally
neuroscientists at New York University is reinforcing the relevance won the race.
of facial expressions to perceptions of characteristics such as
a) fast and faster
trustworthiness and friendliness. 5More importantly, the research also
revealed the unexpected finding that perceptions of abilities such as b) faster and faster
physical strength are not dependent on facial expressions but rather c) fast and fast
on facial bone structure. d) faster and fast
The team’s first experiment featured photographs of 10 different e) more and more fast
people presenting five different facial expressions each. Study subjects
rated how friendly, trustworthy or strong the person in each photo
09. (MACKENZIE 1996) Indicate the alternative that best completes the
appeared. A separate group of subjects scored each face on an
emotional scale from “very angry” to “very happy.” And three experts
not involved in either of the previous two ratings to avoid confounding I. Which city is the _____ from São Paulo?
results calculated the facial width-to-height ratio for each face. 6An II. My____brother works at Mackenzie.
analysis revealed that participants generally ranked people with a
III. Do you need any_____data on that matter?
happy expression as friendly and trustworthy but not those with angry
expressions. 7Surprisingly, participants did not rank faces as indicative IV. Which is the_______building in São Paulo?
of physical strength based on facial expression but graded faces that V. Ribeirão Preto is the city that has the______ problems with
were very broad as that of a strong individual. pollution in Brazil.
In a second survey facial expression and facial structure were
manipulated in computer-generated faces. Participants rated each a) I - furthest; II - elder; III - more; IV - farthest; V - oldest
face for the same traits as in the first survey, with the addition of a
rating for warmth. Again, people thought a happy expression, but b) I - further; II - older; III - farther; IV - eldest; V - less
not an angry one, indicated friendliness, trustworthiness — and in c) I - nearer; II - oldest; III - farthest; IV - longest; V - least
this case, warmth. The researchers then showed two additional sets d) I - nearest; II - elder; III - furthest; IV - eldest; V - biggest
of participants the same faces, this time either with areas relevant
e) I - farthest; II - eldest; III - further; IV - oldest; V - fewest sentences
to facial expressions obscured or the width cropped. In the first
variation, for faces lacking emotional cues, people could no longer
perceive personality traits but could still perceive strength based on 10. (EPCAR 2015)
width. Similarly, for those faces lacking structural cues, people could JOBS AT HIGH RISK
no longer perceive strength but could still perceive personality traits It is an invisible force that goes by many names. Computerization.
based on facial expressions. Automation. Artificial intelligence. Technology. Innovation. And,
In a third iteration of the survey participants had to pick four faces everyone’s favorite, ROBOTS.
out of a lineup of eight faces varied for expression and width that Whatever name you prefer, some form of it has been stimulating
they might select either as their financial advisor or as the winner of a progress and 1killing jobs - from tailors to paralegals - for centuries.
power-lifting competition. As might be expected, 8participants picked But this time is different: nearly half of American jobs today could be
faces with happier expressions as financial advisors and 9selected automated in “a decade or two”. The question is: which half?
broader faces as belonging to power-lifting champs. Another way of posing the same question is: 2Where do machines
In a final survey the researchers generated more than 100 work better than people? 3Tractors are more powerful than farmers.
variations of one individual “base face” by varying facial features. Robotic arms are stronger and more tireless than assembly-line
Participants saw two faces at a time, and then picked one as either workers. But in the past 30 years, software and robots have succeeded
trustworthy or high in ability or as a good financial advisor or power- replacing a particular kind of occupation: the average-wage, middle-
lifting winner. Using these results, a computer then created an average skill, routine-heavy worker, especially in manufacturing and office
face for each of these four categories, which were shown to a separate administration.
set of participants who had to pick which face appeared either more


Indeed, it’s projected that the next 4wave of computer progress EXERCÍCIOS DE

will continue to endanger human work where it already has:
manufacturing, administrative support, retail, and transportation.
Most remaining factory jobs are “likely to diminish over the next
decades”. Cashiers, counter clerks, and telemarketers are similarly
endangered. On the other hand, health care workers, 5people
responsible for our safety, and management positions are 6the least 01. (MACKENZIE) The alternative that contains only adjectives is:
likely to be automated. a) opportunities - new - better - around
b) excellent - nearby - atmosphere - great
c) search - stay - river - affordable
We might be on the edge of an innovating moment in robotics
d) snowy - business - housing - growing
and artificial intelligence. Although the past 30 years have reduced the
middle, high- and low-skill jobs have actually increased, as if protected e) genuine - strong - historical - rural
from the invading armies of robots by their own moats. Higher-skill
workers have been protected by a kind of social-intelligence moat. 02. (ITA) Dadas as formas comparativas e superlativas:
Computers are historically good at executing routines, but they’re I. bigger than / the biggest;
bad at finding patterns, communicating with people, and making
II. more modern than / the most modern;
decisions, which is what managers are paid to do. This is why some
people think managers are, for the moment, one of the largest III. more interesting than / the most interesting;
categories immune to the fast wave of AI. IV. more ingenuous than / the most ingenuous;
Meanwhile, lower-skill workers have been protected by the constatamos que está(ão) correta(s)
Moravec moat. Hans Moravec was a futurist who pointed out that
a) apenas a I.
machine technology copied a savant infant: Machines could do long
math equations instantly and beat anybody in chess, but they can’t b) apenas a II.
answer a simple question or walk up a flight of stairs. As a result, c) apenas a II e a III.
not skilled work done by people without much education (like home d) apenas a II, a Ill e a IV.
health care workers, or fast-food attendants) have been saved, too.
e) todas as formas apresentadas.
In the 19th century, new manufacturing technology replaced what
was then skilled labor. In the second half of the 20th century, however, Mr. Smith: I’m sorry, Mr. Johnson. I believe the candidate you sent
software technology took the place of median-salaried office work. us will not suit our purposes. We need somebody ________ than he.
The first wave showed that machines are better at assembling things. Mr. Johnson: In that case I would suggest Miss Cary. She is definitely
The second showed that machines are better at organizing things. the _______ person in our group.
Now data analytics and self-driving cars suggest they might be better a) smarter – most intelligent
at pattern-recognition and driving. So what are we better at?
b) smart – intelligent
The safest industries and jobs are dominated by managers,

health-care workers, and a super-category that includes education, c) smartest – more intelligent
media, and community service. One conclusion to draw from this is d) as smart – as intelligent
that humans are, and will always be, superior at working with, and e) as smart as – as intelligent as
caring for other humans. In this light, automation doesn’t make the
world worse. Far from it: it creates new 9opportunities for human
04. (CFOE) The suffix used in nutritious can also be used with the word
a) power.
But robots are already creeping into diagnostics and surgeries.
Schools are already experimenting with software that replaces teaching b) danger.
hours. The fact that some industries have been safe from automation c) hunger.
for the last three decades doesn’t guarantee that they’ll be safe for the d) beauty.
next one.
It would be anxious enough if we knew exactly which jobs are 05. (COM. AERONÁUTICA) The word elderly in “and moments later an
next in line for automation. 11The truth is scarier. 12We don’t really elderly couple returned in a panic” can be considered
have a clue.
a) an adverb.
(Adapted from http://www.businessinsider.com/
robots-overtakingamerican-jobs-2014-1) b) an adjective.
Glossary: c) a verb.
savant infant – a child with great knowledge and ability d) a pronoun.
to assemble – to make something by joining separate parts
to creep – to move slowly, quietly and carefully
06. (AFA) “Many adolescents act this way because they feel frustrated
Mark the option that contains an adjective in the same form as in “The or angry […]”. The comparative form of the underlined word is
safest industries and jobs are dominated by managers [...]”. a) more angry.
a) “The truth is scarier.” b) angrier than.
b) “[...] the least likely to be automated.” c) more angrier.
c) “Where do machines work better than people?” d) more angry than.
d) “Tractors are more powerful than farmers.”


07. (FUNCERN 2018) Choose the best option to complete the following
A: My car is __________ yours. Even though, it is __________
comfortable. B: I don’t; agree. Your car is __________ mine.
a) cheaper than; less; so comfortable as.
b) more cheap than; a lot more; not as comfortable as.
c) more cheap than; much more; as comfortable as.
d) cheaper than; much more; not as comfortable as.


– Who is __________ talkative student in the classroom?
– John. He talks very much!
a) the best
b) less
c) the most
d) better than

09. (EN)
A: Don’t you think that the Internet __________ popular?
B: Yes, and __________ popular it gets, __________ expensive it becomes.
a) is getting the most - the most, the most
b) is getting more and more - the more, the less
c) is becoming most and most - the most, the least
d) is becoming the more - the more, least
e) “a” and “b” are correct.

10. (UNIP) Surprisingly enough, the movie is _______ the book and
the play.
a) better than
b) less good than
c) as good as
d) not so good as
e) Todas as alternativas são corretas.

01. B 04. A 07. D 10. D
02. C 05. D 08. A
03. D 06. D 09. D
01. E 04. D 07. A 10. B
02. D 05. D 08. B
03. D 06. C 09. E
01. E 04. B 07. D 10. E
02. E 05. B 08. C
03. A 06. B 09. B





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