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Animals

doubutsu - animal
tori - bird
niwatori - chicken
uma - horse
buta - pig
ushi - cow
hitsuji - sheep
inu - dog
neko - cat
nezumi - mouse, rat
hari nezumi - hedgehog (needle rat)
shishi - lion
tora - tiger
hebi - snake
kaeru - frog
ahiru - duck
kuma - bear
risu - squirrel
usagi - rabbit
tokage - lizard
zou - elephant
taka - hawk
washi - eagle
shika - deer
yagi - goat
dachou - ostrich
rakuda - camel
karasu - crow, raven
itachi - skunk
gachou - goose
hakuchou - swan
kitsune - fox
saru - monkey
mujina - badger
wani - alligator

Aquatic Animals

kame - turtle
iruka - dolphin
kingyou - goldfish
sakana - fish
same - shark
azarashi - seal
tako - octopus
kujira - whale
kurage - jellyfish
unagi - eel
hamaguri - clam
ika - squid
kani - crab
seiuchi - walrus

Insects

mushi - insect
hachi - bee
ka - mosquito
mimizu - earthworm
imomushi - caterpillar
chou - butterfly
kumo - spider
gokiburi - cockroach
hae - fly
ari - ant
inago - grasshopper
sasori - scorpion
namekuji - slug
hiru - leech
Colors

kuroi - black
kasshoku - brown
akai - red
enshoku - orange
kiiro - yellow
midori - green
aoi - blue
murasaki - purple
haiiro - grey
shiroi - white
momoiro - pink
makka - deep red

Days

today
今日(kyō)

yesterday
昨日(kinō)
tomorrow
明日(ashita)
this week
今週(konshū)

last week
先週(senshū)
next week
来週(raishū)
Sunday
日曜日 (nichiyōbi)

Monday
月曜日 (getsuyōbi)
Tuesday
火曜日 (kayōbi)
Wednesday
水曜日 (suiyōbi)

Thursday
木曜日 (mokuyōbi)
Friday
金曜日 (kin'yōbi)
Saturday
土曜日 (doyōbi)

Days of the Month

The 1st through the 10th of the month have special names:

First day of the month


1 日 (tsuitachi)
Second day of the month
2 日 (futsuka)

Third day of the month


3 日 (mikka)
Fourth day of the month
4 日 (yokka)
Fifth day of the month
5 日 (itsuka)

Sixth day of the month


6 日 (muika)
Seventh day of the month
7 日 (nanoka)
Eighth day of the month
8 日 (yōka)

Ninth day of the month


9 日 (kokonoka)
Tenth day of the month
10 日 (tōka)
The other days of the month are more orderly, just add the suffix -nichi to the ordinal
number. Note that 14, 20, and 24 deviate from this pattern.

Eleventh day of the month


11 日 (jūichinichi)
Fourteenth day of the month
14 日 (jūyokka)
Twentieth day of the month
20 日 (hatsuka)
Twenty-fourth day of the month
24 日 (nijūyokka)
Months

Months are very orderly in Japanese, just add the suffix -gatsu to the ordinal number.

January
1月 (ichigatsu)
February
2月 (nigatsu)
March
3月 (sangatsu)

April
4月 (shigatsu)
May
5月 (gogatsu)
June
6月 (rokugatsu)

July
7月 (shichigatsu)
August
8月 (hachigatsu)
September
9月 (kugatsu)

October
10月 (jūgatsu)
November
11月 (jūichigatsu)
December
12月 (jūnigatsu)

Parts of the Body

Above the Neck

hana - nose
me - eye
medama - eyeball
kuchi - mouth
mimi - ear
kuchibiru - lips
kubi - neck
atama - head
ke - hair
hidai - forehead
hou - cheek
kao - face
ha - tooth

In the Middle

hiji - elbow
ude - arm
te - hand
tekubi - wrist (kubi = neck)
yubi - finger
oyayubi - thumb (oya = parent)
naizou - internal organs
shinzou - heart
mune - chest
hara - stomach
kinniku - muscle
hone - bone

Below the Waist

ashi - leg, foot


momo - thigh
sune - shin
hiza - knee
ashikubi - ankle
kotsuban - pelvis
ketsu - butt
ashi no yubi - toe
daichou - large intestine

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