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Dry out process required in the following
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condition
1. Transformer first time commission

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2. Find Moisture in winding or in Oil

3. Transformer without Dry air or Nitrogen

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4. Open transformer more than 48 hours

TYPE OF DRYING PROCESS


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1. Through Filter Machine & Vacuum

2. Circulating Hot Air

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3. Through Short Circuit Heating Process

4. Cycle of Heating (through oil) – Vacuuming – N2 filling

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PROCESS FILTER MACHINE & CIRCULATING HOT AIR SHORT CIRCUIT CYCLE OF HEATING – REMARK
STEPS VACUUM HEATING PROCESS VACUUMING – N2 FILLING

Condition Tank should be empty Tank should be Complete X’mer oil Tank should be empty
1 except active part empty except filled except active part
active part
Condition Radiators & PRV , Radiators & PRV , Radiators & PRV , Radiators & PRV ,
2 Conservator must be Conservator must Conservator must Conservator must be
separated be separated be separated separated
Condition X’mer is in CLOSED Top side OPEN CLOSED condition CLOSED condition
3 condition condition (as per
the steps only)
Step - 1 a) Arrange Pipe ARRANGE a) Short the low a) Vacuum drawn
on top side a) Hot Air voltage from the top
core with b) Electric winding valve (depends
plenty of holes X’mer dryer b) Apply reduce on permissible
surrounding c) Baffle to voltage on value )
pipe or else catching HV side
b) Fill complete inflammabl
oil and e particles
circulate came from
Heater

2
Step – 2 a) Spray Hot a) Hot air a) Voltage a) X’mer core and
oil through from should be coil heated
top pipe on external maintain up externally by
the active heaters is to the using of heater
part blown from current in OR
b) After bottom the winding b) Circulate Oil 2 – 3
getting valve does not times and remove
temperatur b) Same time exceed 70 % immediate and
e vacuum open the of full load take vacuum
from the top side for current c) Keep Vacuum
top escape hot b) Maintain Oil pump on
cover(apply air temp. near between 48 to 96
permissible c) Speed of to 75 deg. hours .
vacuum) air must Cent.
not exceed
600 m
/minute .
Spep – 3 a) Check IR value a) The Temp. a) Winding a) Vacuum Broken
at regular raised temp should with dry Nitrogen
Interval and Gradually no case of and kept 48 hours
compare with Temp. bet. exceed 90 with positive
BATH TUB 55 to 65 – 8 deg. pressure
b) Circulating till hour, 65 to b) Measured b) Measured dew
you received 75 – 8 hur Due point if point
desire value n so oon possible c) If still not
depends on achieved re
IR value process the same
improveme thing.
nt (not

3
more than
80
deg.cent)
Note Most Practical Good Not so The Most
Method Results but popular Effective &
Risky for Quickest method.
site Provided
Transformer Tank
design Vacuum
pressure