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Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions
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From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Lloyd Taylor) Newsgroups: comp.client-server, comp.object.corba Subject: Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions Sender: email@example.com Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Reply-To: email@example.com (Client/Server FAQ Maintainer) Summary: This posting contains a list of Frequently Asked Questions about Client/Server Computing. Please read it before you post questions to the comp.client-server newsgroup. Keywords: FAQ CLIENT SERVER DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING Date: 17 Aug 1998 09:16:12 -0400 Posted-By: auto-faq 22.214.171.124 Archive-name: client-server-faq
Revision: 1.12 1998/08/17 13:15:27 Posting-frequency: Monthly, on the 17th Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions Information about this document Contained below is a list of commonly asked questions in comp.client-server. Before posting a question to comp.client-server, check to see if your question(s) are already answered below. Additional questions (and answers!) may be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org. If the question is of general interest, it may be added to the CS-FAQ. Questions that relate to specific client/server implementation issues may be answered in one or more of the books listed in the FAQ. If answers cannot be found there, consider posting your question to comp.client-server. Due to the volume of email I receive, I cannot respond to individual questions. Vendors of client/server products and services are welcome to submit *brief* summaries of their offerings for inclusion in a separate portion of this FAQ. A single paragraph which includes pointers to additional information (www, ftp, email, or voice telephone) is welcome. The most recent (authoritative) version of this FAQ is always available at: http://www.abs.net/~lloyd/csfaq.txt In addition, this FAQ is archived at many sites, including the following. Any site which mirrors "rtfm.mit.edu" should have a current copy as well. If you did not receive the entire posting, please check here: ftp://ftp.uu.net/usenet/news.answers/client-server-faq.Z ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet-by-group/news.answers/
-- Lloyd Taylor comp.client-server FAQ maintainer Home Page: <http://www.wp.com/Lloyd.Taylor> Changes since last release: Updated contact info for Talarian
5 2.3 2.2 3.14 Client/Server Technical Issues are the characteristics of a Client/Server architecture? are the different types of Servers? are the different client/server processing styles? is Distributed or Remote Presentation? is Remote Data Management? is Distributed Function Processing? is IBM's System Application Architecture? is APPLE's VITAL architecture? What What What What What What What What What is Sun's Open Network Computing Architecture? What is Digital's Network Application System (NAS) architecture? What is OSF-DCE? What are DOMS (Distributed Object Management Systems)? What is CORBA? What is DAE? Part 4: 4.3 3.9 3.1 What archives/FTP sites carry client-server related material? Part 2: Client/Server Definitions 2.1 3.1 4.4 4.10 3.8 3.7 3.5 4.6 3.6 Client/Server Business Issues Business-Focused Client/Server Architecture Client/Server Business Application Architectures Business Drivers Business Benefits What does business expect from IT? What is Business Process Reengineering? .2 4.Subject: Table of Contents Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions List Last Revision: 8/17/98 Part 1: Introduction and Miscellaneous questions 1.8 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.3 4.1 2.6 2.4 3.12 3.11 3.5 3.9 What is Client-server Computing? What What What What What What What What is is is is is is is is a Client Process? a Server Process? a Two-Tier Architecture? a Three-Tier Architecture? Middleware? Cooperative Processing? Distributed Processing? an "Intranet"? Part 3: 3.13 3.
au/pub/DCE/ Object-Oriented Links at Cetus (Germany) http://www.rhein-neckar.Part 5: Books and Articles on Client/Server computing 5.de/~cetus/software.net/~jtmalone/ Subject: Part 2: Definitions .osf.wenet.html Client/Server Computing Page http://www.omg.2 5.dstc.org/ DCE Questions and Answers: http://www.org/dce/faq-mauney.org/dce/qna OSF/DCE FAQ http://www.3 6.Taylor@jhuapl.1 6.2 6.1 5.edu.4 Middleware Vendors Test Software Vendors Development Tool Vendors Other Client/Server Vendors Subject: 1.osf.3 Introductory/Overview Books Detailed Technical Books Other Books Part 6: Vendor Information 6.edu> Object Management Group: http://www.1 What sites carry client-server related material? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.html ftp://ftp.
database management system servers running on platforms specially designed and configured to perform queries. or file servers running on platforms with special elements for managing files.rochester.1 What is Client-server Computing? From: Steve Hultquist <ssh@vnet. Client/server computing takes this a step farther by recognizing that those modules need not all be executed within the same memory space. It is this latter perspective that has created the widely-believed myth that client/server has something to do with PCs or Unix machines. Client programs usually manage the user-interface portion of the application.com> The short answer: Client/server is a computational architecture that involves client processes requesting service from server processes.cc. and sometimes execute business logic.Subject: 2. With this architecture. The logical extension of this is to have clients and servers running on the appropriate hardware and software platforms for their functions. For example. the calling module becomes the "client" (that which requests a service).ibm. validate data entered by the user. Subject: 2. Modular programming has as its fundamental assumption that separation of a large piece of software into its constituent parts ("modules") creates the possibility for easier development and better maintainability.end of the application that the user sees and interacts with. The client-based process is the front. The client process contains solution-specific logic and provides the interface between the user and the rest of the application . The long answer: Client/server computing is the logical extension of modular programming. dispatch requests to server programs.edu> The client is a process (program) that sends a message to a server process (program).2 What is a Client process? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. requesting that the server perform a task (service). and the called module becomes the "server" (that which provides the service).
keyboard. Or in some cases. printers. This approach will usually result in an ineffective system. The server-based process "may" run on another machine on the network.3 What is a Server process? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. communication links. To . One of the key elements of a client workstation is the graphical user interface (GUI). It is typically used in small environments (less than 50 users). Normally a part of operating system i.e. the server is then provided both file system services and application services. execute database retrieval and updates.edu> A two-tier architecture is where a client talks directly to a server. Server programs generally receive requests from client programs. as the server becomes overwhelmed. another desktop machine provides the application services. two-tier environment.4 What is a Two-Tier Architecture? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. workstation CPU and peripherals. Sometimes server programs execute common or complex business logic. properly scale to hundreds or thousands of users. manage data integrity and dispatch responses to client requests. or high powered-processors.Taylor@jhuapl. Subject: 2.rochester.cc. the window manager detects user actions.edu> A server process (program) fulfills the client request by performing the task requested. and then scale up by simply adding more users to the server. The server process acts as a software engine that manages shared resources such as databases. This server could be the host operating system or network file server. The client process also manages the local resources that the user interacts with such as the monitor.system. manages the windows on the display and displays the data in the windows. A common error in client/server development is to prototype an application in a small. with no intervening server. Subject: 2. it is usually necessary to move to a three-tier architecture. The server process performs the back-end tasks that are common to similar applications.
transport and client-server protocols. or intellegent agent services (as in mapping a request to a number of different servers.edu> A three-tier architecture introduces a server (or an "agent") between the client and the server. Apple's AppleTalk. Token Ring. Subject: 2. The key element of connectivity is the network operating system (NOS).edu> Connectivity allows applications to transparently communicate with other programs or processes. Named Pipes. and network management services.rochester.6 What is Middleware? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI). Media protocols determine the type of physical connections used on a network (some examples of media protocols are Ethernet. A transport protocol provides the mechanism to move packets of data from client to server (some examples of transport protocols are Novell's IPX/SPX. regardless of their location. file and print. RPC. distribution. messaging. and returning a single response to the client. The protocols are divided into three groups: media. NOS provides services such as routing. coaxial and twisted-pair). It can provide translation services (as in adapting a legacy application on a mainframe to a client/server environment).Subject: 2. Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) and Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile(GOSIP)). NOS rely on communication protocols to provide specific services. Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).cc. Once the physical connection has been established and transport protocols chosen. Transport Level Interface (TLI) and Sequenced Packet Exchange (SPX)). Advanced Program-to-Program Communication (APPC). A client-server protocol dictates the manner in which clients request information and services from a server and also how the server replies to that request (some examples of clientserver protocols are NetBIOS. Sockets. collating the results. . The role of the agent is manyfold. a client-server protocol is required before the user can access the network services. metering services (as in acting as a transaction monitor to limit the number of simultaneous requests to a given server).Taylor@jhuapl.5 What is a Three-Tier Architecture? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.
Taylor@jhuapl. Thus was born the concept of the "Intranet": the use of Internet technologies for implementing internal client/server applications. Subject: 2.e.cc.Subject: 2. and markup language (HTML).edu> Cooperative processing is computing which requires two or more distinct processors to complete a single transaction. each process performs part of an application in a sequence. Distributed processing implies that processing will occur on more than one processor in order for a transaction to be completed. Cooperative processing can also be considered to be a style of client/server processing if communication between processors is performed through a message passing architecture.edu> The explosion of the World Wide Web is due to the world-wide acceptance of a common transport (TCP/IP). Often the data used in a distributed processing environment is also distributed across platforms. . processing is distributed across two or more machines and the processes are most likely not running at the same time.9 What is an "Intranet"? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. It is a form of distributed computing where two or more distinct processes are required to complete a single business transaction.8 What is Distributed Processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. these programs interact and execute concurrently on different processors. Many corporations have discovered that these same technologies can be used for internal client/server applications with the same ease that they are used on the Internet. server standard (HTTP).rochester. i. Usually.edu> The distribution of applications and business logic across multiple processing platforms.rochester.7 What is Cooperative Processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. In other words. Cooperative processing is related to both distributed and client/server processing.cc. Subject: 2.
clients invoke remote procedures that reside on servers which also contains an SQL database engine. In transaction servers. Traditional LAN computing allows users to share resources. Subject: 3. The communication overhead in this approach is kept to a minimum as the exchange typically consists of a single request/reply (as opposed to multiple SQL statements in database servers). transaction server and application servers (Orfali and Harkey 1992). clients passes SQL (Structured Query Language) requests as messages to the server and the results of the query are returned over the network. The more advanced form of servers are database servers. 100% of the time and require tight controls over the security and integrity of the database. download capabilities from Dow Jones or regulating a electronic mail process. rather than pass all the records back to a client and let it find its own data as was the case for the file server. In database servers. There are procedural statements on the server to execute a group of SQL statements (transactions) which either all succeed or fail as a unit. such as data files and peripheral devices. This form of data service requires large bandwidth and can slow a network with many users down considerably. The code that processes the SQL request and the data resides on the server allowing it to use its own processing power to find the requested data.well-defined set of standard application program interfaces (API's) and RPC's. Vertical scaling means migrating to a larger and faster server machine or multiservers.rochester. They can be scaled horizontally or vertically. the client passes requests for files or file records over a network to the file server. With a file server.edu> The simplest form of servers are disk servers and file servers. . Horizontal scaling means adding or removing client workstations with only a slight performance impact. while security and management services. The applications based on transaction servers are called On-line Transaction Processing (OLTP) and tend to be mission-critical applications which require 1-3 second response time.2 What are the different types of servers? From: Ravi Kalakota <email@example.com. ensure data integrity and security. by moving them from standalone PCUs onto a Networked File Server (NFS). which are also based in the server. 4) An important characteristic of client-server systems is scalability. Basing resources on a server allows users to share data. Application servers are not necessarily database centered but are used to server user needs. such as.
The workstation interprets the data and converts it to graphical form in a window. However. For example. client-server is essentially distributed or remote presentation. This style maps a workstation Graphical User Interface (GUI) front end onto an existing application's text-based screen.cc. This is also called Remote. remote presentation. The merged data is sent to the workstation as a 3270 data stream. (Typically every mainframe screen used by the application has a corresponding window on the workstation and vice versa). and distributed data management. it is transformed by the frontware application into a corresponding 3270 data format and is sent to the host computer. Front-ending or HLLAPI (High-Level Language Application Programming Interface). . 3270) data streams sent from a host for display in a windowed environment. most processing remains on the host or server.edu> For people whose roots are embedded in the mainframe IBM world. data from an application program is sent to a 3270 screen program on the mainframe to be displayed.4 What is distributed or remote presentation? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. When the user enters the data in a GUI window.g. with the exception of user interface translation logic and possibly validation logic. Mapping. business or application logic.This is "frontware" solution. remote data management.rochester.3 What are the different client/server processing styles? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura.Subject: 3. The mode of operation is typically intelligent workstations intercepting and interrogating text-screen (e. distributed function.edu> Gartner group came out with the five ways of describing the different c/s styles based on how they split the three components of any application: user interface. (Note: This is an arbitary classification and others may do it differently) Subject: 3.cc. data management. where a GUI front end is added to an IBM/MVS 3270/5250 application and is placed on a workstation.rochester. The five styles are distributed presentation.
edu> In remote data management. One variant of the distributed function style is where data management and application function occur at both the client and server.edu> Here the split occurs in the application functionality.Subject: 3. the server then responds with data that satisfies the query. Data frequently updated or accessed by many users would reside on the server.5 What is Remote Data Management? From: Ravi Kalakota <firstname.lastname@example.org.This style represents a more traditional LAN database server or file server approach. read-only data. The client communicates with the server using SQL. This is most relevant for architectures having data spread across several servers and when access to a DBMS on another server is required.Distributed data management is an extension of remote data management and uses the distributed facilities of the DBMS to access distributed data in a manner transparent to users. However. one part going to the client.rochester. In this instance. Subject: 3. Remote Data Management is relatively easily to program for because there is just one application program. the entire application resides on the client and the data managment is located on a remote server/host. The underlying communications facilities may implement either a message-based or remote procedure call (RPC) mechanism for transfer of dialog and data. other to the server. RDBMS products that offer remote data management provide a layer of software on the client to handle the communication with the DBMS server.7 What is IBM's System Application Architecture? . Workstations support the presentation and function logic and interface with the data server through the data manipulation language. there are many variants of this typology. Distributed function applications are the most complex of the three typologies since two separately compiled application programs must be developed. data management at the client would include referential.rochester. Subject: 3.6 What is distributed function processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <email@example.com. Developers must analyze where each function should reside and what type of dialog must occur between the two programs.
This approach allows varied clients to communicate with many different servers. . conventions. it simply requires the appropriate DAL link. . written by IBM.8 What is APPLE's VITAL architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. and Apple Computer.From: Ravi Kalakota <firstname.lastname@example.org> SAA is a collection of selected software interfaces. efficient RPC that is particularly effective for installations not requiring WAN support. Subject: 3. DAL sits between the client and server components. Four major components of this architecture are: . and APIs that give applications greater portability and more consistent user interfaces across multiple platforms. DAL consists of software components for the client and the server (Macintosh System 7 includes the client component.rochester. With DAL.cc. IBM.rochester. Transport Independent Remote Procedure . and protocols that are used as a framework for developing consistent. . It is a lean.Common Programming Interface (CPI) provides languages. A cornerstone of Apple's client/server architecture is Data Access Language (DAL).edu> Open Network Computing (ONC) is the Sun architecture.Common User Access (CUA) defines conventions for GUI look and feel. such as LU 6. including DEC. integrated applications across the major IBM computing environments.edu> VITAL provides a way of building information systems constructed from generalized modules that can be reused and shared. will serve as demonstrations of SAA concepts and make it easy for users to migrate between systems. Subject: 3. with third party alliances providing the missing pieces. tools. a change in the DBMS does not affect the front-end. DOS and Windows clients are sold separately).2. Sun's RPC is licensed by more than 300 companies.9 What is Sun's Open Network Computing Architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <email@example.com.It specifies how to construct and provide interfaces for these modules.Common Communication Support (CCS) supports existing communications standards.cc.rochester.Common Applications.
graphics and conventional text) .10 What is Digital's Network Application System (NAS) architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Distributed Time Service (DTS). PCNFS.Calls (TI-RPC) were co-developed by Sun and AT&T. (It is called "the DCE" by sticklers for grammatical consistency. DCE Threads. CDS. the Cell and Global Directory Services (CDS and GDS).System Access services which provides a standard operating system interface. and DTS components are commonly referred to as the "secure core" and are the required . Subject: 3.and Distributed File Service (DFS).com> (Extracted. The Threads.) DCE consists of multiple components which have been integrated to work closely together.edu> NAS is a software suite that enables applications to be integrated across a distributed network of multivendor systems: NAS services are divided into four main groups: . with permission.Communication and Central services which support communications using electronic mail and EDI . Security. AIX/ESA. NetWise developed the TI-RPC Application Toolkit source code generation technology. graphical or character terminal based) .Information and resource sharing. AIX/6000. from the Open Software Foundation.cc.mauney. They are the Remote Procedure Call (RPC). from the DCE FAQ.html) DCE is the Distributed Computing Environment. Subject: 3. Solaris. the Security Service.osf. TI-RPC runs independent of the underlying network transport. allowing applications to run unmodified over multiple transport protocols including NetWare. UNIX/SVR4.rochester.11 What is OSF-DCE? From: Jon Mauney <mauney@jtec. which supports database access and compound documents (collection of images.Application Access Services which support user interface (forms based. available at http://www. RPC.org/dce/faq-mauney.
A method for creating location independence for client applications. for example. to build. but instead should be integrated or bundled into a vendor's operating system offering.rochester. analogs.edu> CORBA stands for the Common Object Request Broker Architecture. peruse the Object Management Group web site at http://www.13 What is CORBA? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. locating.Taylor@jhuapl.A single interface to manage the complexities of a heterogeneous environment .cc. non-network." intended to exist alone.A uniform framework. and defining objects in a distributed computing environment. It is a set of standard mechanisms for naming. Subject: 3. It is not DCE is called "middleware" or "enabling technology. integrate.12 What are Distributed Object Management Systems (DOMS)? From: Ravi Kalakota <firstname.lastname@example.org. Subject: 3.omg. and deploy open distributed-computing applications .edu> DOMS provide a way of pulling diverse components together and managing their communications.edu> .14 What is DAE? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. DCE's security and distributed filesystem. based on standards and extensibility.components of any DCE installation. They are aimed at addressing the following: .org) Subject: 3. (For technical details. DFS is an optional component. can completely replace their current.
client/server computing demands a three layer view of the . bill customers. DAE consists (1) MESSAGING services. which reflects organisational responsibilities and the way in which the people who use the system view their work. (2) DATABASE services . equipment and sensors. which details the information that the organisation needs to function.com. Client/Server Business Application Architectures From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. .An information model.2.A functional model. Today. devices.com. Subject: Part 4: Client/Server Business Issues Subject: 4. Subject: 4. if ever. receive money).au> When analysing a business there are three views of the organisation: . (3) PRESENTATION services.A process model. Therefore. deliver goods. The functional structure and process model rarely.au> Traditional applications architectures have been based on function. . (4) DEVICE services to capture data and to control a broad category of controllers.1 Business-Focused Client/Server Architecture From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo.Distributed Application Environment is designed to allow businesses to use IBM's RISC System/6000 and PS/2 computers in a client/server network (or standalone) for their business applications. make goods. agree. to meet the needs of the business an application architecture should reflect the complete range of business requirements. which details the business functions of the organisation (eg accept orders.
Businesses today need integrated. which implements the information model It should be noted that this application architecture does not demand multiple hardware platforms. integrated environment. which implements the process model 3 The data layer. responsive and comprehensive applications to support the complete range of business processes. Unfortunately. which must be incorporated into the new. most businesses have existing systems based on older technology. which implements the functional model 2 The business function layer. although such technology can be utilised. has almost reached the stage where these systems can be designed and created. The only answer to the question "why build client/server applications?" is "because the business demands the increased benefits.organisation.applications were built in isolation .the supporting technology was based on a centralised control model Information technology.com.3 Business Drivers From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. Subject: 4.au> Client/server computing has arisen because of a change in business needs. .applications were developed to model vertical applications . more difficult and more expensive than traditional. flexible. which is an enabling factor in systems building. The development and implementation of client/server computing is more complex. single process applications. if the environment is robust and reliable enough and the business is prepared to pay the additional costs associated with workstation and LAN technology. Problems with existing systems include: . 1 The user interface layer.applications were complex .applications were implemented as monolithic systems .
New applications should be aligned with both the user's view and the business process view.Multi-skilled and multi-function teams need access to multiple applications Subject: 4.The customer should have a single point of contact for all business with the organisation .4 Business Benefits From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. Existing functionally aligned systems are not appropriate .The time required to complete the work will be minimised .Application complexity needs to be hidden .au> .Network management is replacing vertical management .The user interaction must be flexible .Subject: 4.5 What does business expect from IT? From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo.The user will perform as much processing as possible during customer contact time .com. products and architectures.The customer should deal with the same person over multiple contacts. This includes application development methodologies.There is a need for empowerment of staff and audit trail of actions .com. .There is a perceived need for vendor independence.au> .Applications need to provide a consistent user interface .There is a change to team based management . .Organisation have changed from steep hierarchies to flattened hierarchies . programming paradigms.
not just a part . It can also be thought of as taking a business in its current state and forming an organizational and operational blueprint to redirect skills.It is essential that there be integrity of transactional processes Subject: 4. al. Subject: Part 5: Books on Client/Server Computing Subject: 5. processes and technology with strategies to achieve business integration. et.A variety of user interface styles to reflect the needs of the work .edu> Reengineering is the organizational process required to align people. organizational structures. Robert. policies.Consistent information across all applications .Users should be able to modify business rules without reference to IT staff .IT systems will support all activity performed by the user.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: Orfali.rochester.. information (data). cultural values.1 Introductory/Overview Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.6 What is Business Process Reengineering? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Essential Client/Server Survival Guide New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold .An ability to evolve IT systems to reflect changing business requirements . processing and incentives towards targeted improvements.Taylor@jhuapl.cc.
Robert.0 New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: Orfali. Dawna Travis Client/server computing New York : McGraw-Hill. New York : McGraw-Hill. Client/server programming with OS/2 2. c1992. c1992. c1993. VNR computer library 0442012195 Dewire. Alex Client-server architecture / Alex Berson. 0672300656 Linthicum. c1997. Paul E. Client/server computing Carmel. David David Linthicum's Guide to Client/Server and Intranet Development Wiley.Taylor@jhuapl.2 Detailed Technical Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. Wiley professional computing 0471133337 . Dan Harkey. Ranade series on computer communications 0070050767 Smith. James Martin/McGraw-Hill productivity series 007016732X Renaud. : SAMS.. 2nd Edition New York : Wiley. c1992.ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: 0-442-01941-6 Berson. Ind. Professional reference series. 1957Introduction to Client/Server Systems. J. 047117467X Subject: 5. c1996. Patrick.
0894354582 Boar. R. c1994 0-13-220138-0 Inmon. Please limit your submission to one paragraph. Networking the enterprise : how to build client/server systems that work New York : McGraw-Hill. (Editor) Distributed Computing: Implementation and Management Strategies New Jersey: Prentice Hall..edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: SERIES: ISBN: Baker. Group. If you don't have one. and include contact information. 1947Implementing client/server computing : a strategic perspective McGraw-Hill systems design & implementation 0070062153 Subject: Part 6: Vendor Information Vendors may submit information for possible inclusion in this section to lloyd@abs. . c1993.Taylor@jhuapl. Richard H. get one.client-server. Bernard H. Developing client/server applications Boston : QED Pub. William H. c1994 McGraw-Hill series on computer communications 0070050899 : 0070050902 (PBK) Khanna.3 Other Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. No endorsement is to be inferred from inclusion in the CS-FAQ.Subject: 5. it is strongly suggested that you include a pointer to your WWW page. If you want to be taken seriously by the readership of comp.net.
======= Piccolo(tm). and several others. Inc. or call Piccolo Sales at 603-595-7480. An EZ-RPC mailing list is available. A new product.corsof.com/>. Our premier product is EZ-RPC. It is also supported on Windows 3. PIPES Platform automatically maintains information on all PIPES Platform resources. send email to sales@noblenet. including most UNIXes. SCO. is message-oriented middleware that provides the essential communications services for distributing applications across the enterprise. and various libraries. from PeerLogic. ======= PIPES Platform. We provide free evaluation copies of EZ-RPC to qualified programmers. TCP/IP.1 Middleware Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. The developers need no programming knowledge of the underlying transport protocol. integrity. Macs. NetBios. point your Web browser to http://www. Tandem S2 Integrity. Session management services provide guaranteed message delivery. non-blocking. a distributed two-tier ODBC driver SDK. For more information. contact NobleNet. We also publish a Windows rpcgen and distribute the IONA coporation's Orbix Object Request Broker development toolkit.1.e. Async).com with the single word "subscribe" in the message body. Inc. and the Tandem NonStop Kernel. Windows NT. dynamic re-routing. Subscribe by sending a message to email@example.com. most Windows.com.noblenet.x. precompiler.Subject: 6. OS/2. Application developers use the Piccolo API to access data and applications residing on any of the supported platforms on a network. or E-mail piccolo@corsof. For more information. Piccolo is supported on UNIX versions AIX. is a message-oriented middleware product that provides application developers with peer-to-peer connectivity without regard for the underlying communications transport (i.Taylor@jhuapl. sequencing. HP-UX (HP9000/700 & 800).com. Vms.com/. PIPES Platform's process-to-process messaging allows development of applications with an asynchronous. at 508-460-8222. an RPC precompiler tool kit that includes our enhanced XDR (packaged as an IDL). EZ-RPC is available on more than 40 platforms.edu> ======= NobleNet specializes in providing high quality middleware tools for client-server development. is available for those working with databases. PIPES Platform's cross-platform . prioritization. from Cornerstone Software. Solaris 2. or browse <http://www. A dynamic name service lets you find at run-time and communicate with any application resource in the PIPES Platform network. and error handling. even as machines and applications are added or moved. and Silicon Graphics (SGI). event-driven architecture.
ncr. Entersoft also provides add-on products for transaction processing.htm. Director. Contact Jennifer Hart.com/product/topend/index. reliability and fault tolerance. Windows 95. through the use of messages.and multiprotocol support provide a consistent communications interface that allows developers to focus on business logic.entersoft. guarantees delivery of messages.com/. visit our home page at http://www. Windows NT. 145. Included as part of the package are graphical tools for monitoring and debugging your application. OpenVMS. or anywhere on the Internet. The communicating processes can reside on the same machine.edu> . SmartSockets's programming model is built specifically to offer high-speed interprocess communication. is a rapid application development toolkit which enables processes to communicate quickly. SmartSockets is available on most UNIX. scalability. and RPC.com or at 908-575-9100. peer-to-peer. or E-mail info@talarian. retail. Customers can contact Entersoft at http://www. and legacy platform.com. 800-733-7601. at http://www. contact Kelly Bernardo at 650-965-8050 ext. reliably. Windows 3. Customers can also get additional TOP END information at NCR. from Talarian Corporation. jhart@peerlogic. and OS/2. Also.peerlogic. For more information.Taylor@jhuapl.2 Test Software Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. and includes support for Java and Active/X applications. such as the TOP END-Tuxedo Message Gateway. UNIX. TOP END runs on Windows (all versions). http://www. telecomm and other industries to build some of the largest transaction processing systems connectiong 100s of nodes and up to 10. Subject: 6. on a LAN. It supports a variety of communication paradigms including publish-subscibe. Product Marketing.000s users.1.talarian. and deals with recovery after system/network failures. Entersoft is the sole supplier of TOP END on most platforms. not communications. on a WAN.com/ ======= SmartSockets (tm). handles communication protocols. ======= Entersoft Systems Corporation supplies NCR's TOP END (tm) Transaction Request Broker middleware.com. TOP END has been used by customers in banking. and securely across different operating system platforms. SmartSockets is an industrial-strength package which takes care of network interfaces.
VA 22102 (703)448-6606. Email: info@performix. ICONIX offers a free white paper on combining OMT with Objectory for client/server development.g. Windows NT and mainframe systems and can integrate and synchronize the many different databases used on each of these platforms.edu> ======= ICONIX Software Engineering. Voice: 310-458-0092. For further information.3 Development Tool Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. Inc. These applications can then seamlessly blend the attributes of UNIX.======= EMPOWER/CS is load testing software for client/server applications. ICONIX. networks and protocols.com. Load testing is the process of analyzing the effect application. C++ or COBOL. EMPOWER/CS charts the time each user must wait for his or her screen response before an application is deployed. It builds scripts that can be replayed client devices. ODBC or SQL) capabilities with transaction processing. Enterprises can quickly develop distributed and highly scaleable business application systems.com Subject: 6.com/iconix/>. 8200 Greensboro Drive. along with special offers and product information about ICONIX PowerTools. ======= Unisys TransIT Open/OLTP Software is a suite of development tools and runtime management software that provides transaction processing extensions for Windows and Windows NT and UNIX based applications. (703)893-1939 (fax). On every platform. Inc. This Client/Server middleware works with Microsoft or third party development tools and includes the libraries for C. Suite 1475. The Windows and Windows NT support also includes OLE point-and-click features for application development. is the maker of ICONIX PowerTools. Scripts can be enhanced with C of many users on an between a client and with or without the language to extend captured activity and vary the data in queries and updates. plus Windows and Windows NT Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs). McLean. by visiting the new ICONIX WWW PowerPage site: <http://www. CASE tools for object-oriented and structured development. Windows. Performix. Director.. based on standard (X/Open and ISO) high-level APIs. these tools enhance normal data access (e.Taylor@jhuapl. contact Alyse Rome. New Media Marketing & Communications. naming/location services .biap. email: ICONIX@eworld.. EMPOWER/CS listens to the traffic server.
expert systems and client/server system architectures. Motif.unisys. JAM applications can run unmodified on more than 100 platforms and operating environments.intersolv. Use it to select your system architecture. ======= CS/8000 is the first development system that seamlessly integrates methodology.com/. software configuration management and data warehousing.com/>. please reference <http://www.com ======= JYACC is the maker of JAM 7. a Visual Object Repository to allow creation of complex objects that can be shared across screens and updated through inheritance. CS/8000 keeps you organized and keeps you on track.000 product licenses at 16. including Tuxedo. VAX/VMS. OS/2 Presentation Manager.com or contacting us. Informix. DB/2. please reference: <http://www. Learn more about Client/Server Connection by visiting us at http://www. With CS/8000 you have all the tools you need to manage client/server projects of any level of complexity. INTERSOLV development solutions are available for object-oriented development. For more information. with annual revenues exceeding $120 million. its own scripting language called JPL. Macintosh. open client/server development. Customers benefit from INTERSOLVs common look and feel. 100's of C library function calls.com . and various tools and utilities. Voice: 914-241-9100 email: cscl@cscl. develop your project plan. INTERSOLV. including native drivers for Oracle. JAM also integrates seamlessly with more than twenty of the most popular RDMBS products. or contact Phil Wimpenny via telephone at +1-215-986-5765 or via email at wimpenny@po3. including DOS. MS-Windows.and the store and forward (queuing) of messages. It consists of a graphical screen painter. Email: jazzin@jyacc. JAM works with the leading Transaction Monitors.com>.cscl. both in character-mode and in Motif.jyacc. has more than 375. Runtime environments are highly tunable with the ability to locate and/or replicate server applications as desired without any impact to the client applications. Likewise. and others. ODBC. applications or interfaces.unisys. a cross-platform tool for building client/server and distributed applications.000+ customer sites around the world.com.bb. server applications are immune to client changes due to new platforms. so that developers can create true Three-Tier applications. Sybase. and generate all of your project documentation. Phone:800-458-3313 or 212-267-7722 ======= INTERSOLV is a leading provider of open client/server development solutions. The INTERSOLV World Wide Web site can be accessed at http://www. For more information. broad coverage and rich functionality. and virtually every implementation of UNIX.
www. efficient. The Cornut Informatique Web site can be accessed at http://www. Java.2220 email: firstname.lastname@example.org registered developers and 450 ISVs worldwide. concentrating on the SERVER portion of distributed systems. Blyth has more than 25.800. C or C++. and distributors throughout Europe. Tuxedo. Eclipse Builder is C/S development environment for Macintosh and PC/Windows. MAGNA X generates three-tier client/server TP systems. Entera) is used for connectivity.com or call 212/691-0300. Oracle.fr/. DB2/AIX. MAGNA X is strictly open. URL: http://www.482258 email: alistair_killick@blyth. fbouquet@cornut.======= Cornut Informatique provides a range of client/server products. Europe. MAGNA X is an open OLTP application development system that simplifies growth into the complex world of distributed computing involving PCs. If PB or VB is used. Asia Pacific and Latin America. There is no run-time software. The MAGNA X development environment is currently available on most major UNIX platforms. MX "Wizards" automate the construction of fully functional "test clients" with no programming required.6647 email: us_sales@blyth. Service programs are generated in COBOL and/or C++ (available late '96) and are fully compiled. For more information: info@magna. Eclipse Query is an easy to use query tool for Macintosh and PC/Windows. Industry-standard middleware (Encina.com. Germany. Services are generated for UNIX and/or CICS/ESA.com UK/EUC Tech Supp: (44) 1344. Sybase and Informix are supported. with international offices in London. Delphi.cornut. Unlike competing 3-tier products. including Power Builder.com email: info@blyth. Visual Basic.com US Sales: 1. Windows NT support has been announced.com US TechSupport: 415.com ======= . California. try and judge. England. UNIX servers.346.magna. CICS. Local service and support is available in the U. a path that preserves and leverages your existing IS investment. departmental and enterprise client/server applications. Japan and Korea.fr ======= MAGNA X from Magna Software Corporation provides a safe growth path to the open systems environments of the 1990's. and maintaining workgroup.570. deploying.S. CI-Link is a powerful middleware that connects SQL database with Macintosh and PC/Windows applications. DB2/MVS. Frederic Bouquet. Blyth Software is headquartered in Foster City. Hamburg. ======= Blyth Software is an international supplier of modular application development tools for building. Eclipse Report is graphical multi data source report generator.com UK/EUC Sales: (44) 1344.482258 email: uk_sales@blyth. Front-end clients can be written in any language. and mainframes.blyth. Don't read our lips.
Informix. Standard communication protocols such as IMC and TCP/IP are supported. In Systemator's model designer you can build abstract models of the structure.com where local country information is also available. Thanks to its graphical dialog modeling and editing tools.no. enabling a dynamically partitioned application. Data modeling is used for describing the structure of the information handled by the organization. Unix or Tandem servers. as well as Tuxedo for more complex distributed applications requiring TP. OS/2. tel:+47 22 09 65 00. from the mainframe to the desktop. NatStar is a perfect tool for Component Based Development and today offers a catalog of tried and tested technical . For more information see http://www.sysdeco. It is also possible to create servers that can be accessed from Visual Basic. Motif and Macintosh. native to the target platforms. Its powerful repository and conceptual modeling abilities ensure cost effective development as well as much lower maintenance costs. NatStar's development environment offers three separate but tightly integrated modules for graphically defining the presentation. DB2/2. SqlBase. SQL Server and ODBC is automatically generated. OS/2. Powerbuilder and Internet clients. making native use of middleware. a well-known Scandinavian software company. from standalone with the client.no/tools/systemator/ or by contacting Vivian Ra (vra@sysdeco. data model and workflow model of the application. Presentation can be targeted at Windows 3. the functions and the information of your enterprise. Systemator provides a powerful GUI prototyping capability which greatly facilitates user involvement in the initial stage of prototyping.x/95/NT. from modeling through to implementation. Systemator provides support for all phases of the development process. with the option to modify it if necessary. generating runtime-free C code. NatStar automatically generates code and SQL that can be deployed in a multi-tier environment. Services can be automatically partitioned in various ways.Dynasty is a true Enterprise Client/Server development environment. to out on NT. More information is available on the WWW at http://www. The data model is the basis for generating both database structures and user dialogs. SQL for Oracle. NatStar offers an pragmatically object oriented and user friendly environment for rapidly developing applications that can be deployed enterprise-wide. Sybase. Systemator supports a wide range of machine platforms. It provides a truly Open solution. ====== Systemator is produced by Sysdeco. Nonstop SQL. with no limit to the number of tiers. database systems and user interfaces. fax: +47 22 09 65 01) ======= Nat Systems builds and supports the NatStar development tool.dynasty. testing and maintenance of information systems. Such an abstract model of the data ensures portability between several database management systems and windowing systems.
Sequent successfully commercialized symmetric multiprocessing (SMP). NatWeb is Nat Systems' solution for developing Internet applications that front-end legacy systems. With an installed base of nearly 8. Subject: 6. NUMA-Q systems. There is also a Client/Server Spotlight section that contains a C/S Newsletter and information on other C/S resources.components. and today. Inc. Sequent leads all other vendors of high-end UNIX systems supporting very large-scale on-line transaction processing (OLTP). Nat Systems offers support for the entire software development cycle.com/. etc. enabling integration with upper CASE tools.edu> ======= The IBM Client/Server Computing Unit maintains a web page at http://www. It addresses both business and technical issues. The business side includes a Consultant's Corner where there are articles from industry experts. The technical side includes a web demo of IBM's Client/Server Advisor System and many client/server success stories from around the world. workflow tools.com dedicated to information related to client/server computing. and business components for the near future. is a leading architect and provider of open client/server solutions for enterprise business computing. Sequent's project-oriented offerings include consulting.4 Other Client/Server Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. decision support (DSS)/data warehousing and Internet-based applications. Symmetry servers incorporate up to 30 industry-standard processors to provide superior price/performance and scalability for on-line transaction processing (OLTP).ibm. educational and professional services geared to help organizations re-architect their existing information technology infrastructures. Suggestions on additional content are welcome. See www. Configuration & Change management. Sequent's next-generation. will scale to more than 250 processors and manage 100 terabytes of data. data warehouses and the application of internet technologies to business communications (including intranets).csc. document management.000 systems.Taylor@jhuapl. ======= . architects enterprise-class computing environments based on open systems.com for more info.natsys. or browse our website at http://www.sequent. Call (530) 626-5700. ======= Sequent Computer Systems.