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Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions
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From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Lloyd Taylor) Newsgroups: comp.client-server, comp.object.corba Subject: Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions Sender: email@example.com Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Reply-To: email@example.com (Client/Server FAQ Maintainer) Summary: This posting contains a list of Frequently Asked Questions about Client/Server Computing. Please read it before you post questions to the comp.client-server newsgroup. Keywords: FAQ CLIENT SERVER DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING Date: 17 Aug 1998 09:16:12 -0400 Posted-By: auto-faq 188.8.131.52 Archive-name: client-server-faq
Revision: 1.12 1998/08/17 13:15:27 Posting-frequency: Monthly, on the 17th Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions Information about this document Contained below is a list of commonly asked questions in comp.client-server. Before posting a question to comp.client-server, check to see if your question(s) are already answered below. Additional questions (and answers!) may be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org. If the question is of general interest, it may be added to the CS-FAQ. Questions that relate to specific client/server implementation issues may be answered in one or more of the books listed in the FAQ. If answers cannot be found there, consider posting your question to comp.client-server. Due to the volume of email I receive, I cannot respond to individual questions. Vendors of client/server products and services are welcome to submit *brief* summaries of their offerings for inclusion in a separate portion of this FAQ. A single paragraph which includes pointers to additional information (www, ftp, email, or voice telephone) is welcome. The most recent (authoritative) version of this FAQ is always available at: http://www.abs.net/~lloyd/csfaq.txt In addition, this FAQ is archived at many sites, including the following. Any site which mirrors "rtfm.mit.edu" should have a current copy as well. If you did not receive the entire posting, please check here: ftp://ftp.uu.net/usenet/news.answers/client-server-faq.Z ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet-by-group/news.answers/
-- Lloyd Taylor comp.client-server FAQ maintainer Home Page: <http://www.wp.com/Lloyd.Taylor> Changes since last release: Updated contact info for Talarian
7 2.3 4.14 Client/Server Technical Issues are the characteristics of a Client/Server architecture? are the different types of Servers? are the different client/server processing styles? is Distributed or Remote Presentation? is Remote Data Management? is Distributed Function Processing? is IBM's System Application Architecture? is APPLE's VITAL architecture? What What What What What What What What What is Sun's Open Network Computing Architecture? What is Digital's Network Application System (NAS) architecture? What is OSF-DCE? What are DOMS (Distributed Object Management Systems)? What is CORBA? What is DAE? Part 4: 4.4 3.6 3.4 4.5 3.1 What archives/FTP sites carry client-server related material? Part 2: Client/Server Definitions 2.2 4.2 3.1 4.6 2.5 4.7 3.3 2.8 3.10 3.4 2.11 3.1 3.Subject: Table of Contents Client/Server Frequently Asked Questions List Last Revision: 8/17/98 Part 1: Introduction and Miscellaneous questions 1.12 3.8 2.2 2.6 Client/Server Business Issues Business-Focused Client/Server Architecture Client/Server Business Application Architectures Business Drivers Business Benefits What does business expect from IT? What is Business Process Reengineering? .9 3.1 2.13 3.5 2.3 3.9 What is Client-server Computing? What What What What What What What What is is is is is is is is a Client Process? a Server Process? a Two-Tier Architecture? a Three-Tier Architecture? Middleware? Cooperative Processing? Distributed Processing? an "Intranet"? Part 3: 3.
dstc.org/dce/faq-mauney.au/pub/DCE/ Object-Oriented Links at Cetus (Germany) http://www.1 6.1 What sites carry client-server related material? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.Taylor@jhuapl.edu.1 5.3 6.html ftp://ftp.html Client/Server Computing Page http://www.2 6.omg.2 5.4 Middleware Vendors Test Software Vendors Development Tool Vendors Other Client/Server Vendors Subject: 1.rhein-neckar.net/~jtmalone/ Subject: Part 2: Definitions .osf.org/ DCE Questions and Answers: http://www.wenet.Part 5: Books and Articles on Client/Server computing 5.org/dce/qna OSF/DCE FAQ http://www.osf.de/~cetus/software.edu> Object Management Group: http://www.3 Introductory/Overview Books Detailed Technical Books Other Books Part 6: Vendor Information 6.
the calling module becomes the "client" (that which requests a service). or file servers running on platforms with special elements for managing files. Subject: 2.cc.Subject: 2.2 What is a Client process? From: Ravi Kalakota <email@example.com> The client is a process (program) that sends a message to a server process (program). Client/server computing takes this a step farther by recognizing that those modules need not all be executed within the same memory space.rochester. database management system servers running on platforms specially designed and configured to perform queries.ibm. validate data entered by the user. Modular programming has as its fundamental assumption that separation of a large piece of software into its constituent parts ("modules") creates the possibility for easier development and better maintainability. The long answer: Client/server computing is the logical extension of modular programming.com> The short answer: Client/server is a computational architecture that involves client processes requesting service from server processes. and the called module becomes the "server" (that which provides the service). dispatch requests to server programs. It is this latter perspective that has created the widely-believed myth that client/server has something to do with PCs or Unix machines. The client process contains solution-specific logic and provides the interface between the user and the rest of the application . requesting that the server perform a task (service). The logical extension of this is to have clients and servers running on the appropriate hardware and software platforms for their functions. Client programs usually manage the user-interface portion of the application. For example.end of the application that the user sees and interacts with. The client-based process is the front. With this architecture.1 What is Client-server Computing? From: Steve Hultquist <ssh@vnet. and sometimes execute business logic.
e. communication links. keyboard. Sometimes server programs execute common or complex business logic.edu> A server process (program) fulfills the client request by performing the task requested. A common error in client/server development is to prototype an application in a small. Subject: 2. or high powered-processors.rochester. printers. Server programs generally receive requests from client programs. workstation CPU and peripherals. the server is then provided both file system services and application services. with no intervening server.edu> A two-tier architecture is where a client talks directly to a server. properly scale to hundreds or thousands of users.Taylor@jhuapl. Or in some cases. two-tier environment. Normally a part of operating system i.3 What is a Server process? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. the window manager detects user actions. Subject: 2.4 What is a Two-Tier Architecture? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.cc. The client process also manages the local resources that the user interacts with such as the monitor. The server-based process "may" run on another machine on the network. it is usually necessary to move to a three-tier architecture. This approach will usually result in an ineffective system. This server could be the host operating system or network file server. One of the key elements of a client workstation is the graphical user interface (GUI).system. manage data integrity and dispatch responses to client requests. The server process performs the back-end tasks that are common to similar applications. as the server becomes overwhelmed. and then scale up by simply adding more users to the server. another desktop machine provides the application services. The server process acts as a software engine that manages shared resources such as databases. To . execute database retrieval and updates. It is typically used in small environments (less than 50 users). manages the windows on the display and displays the data in the windows.
NOS rely on communication protocols to provide specific services. regardless of their location. Once the physical connection has been established and transport protocols chosen.cc. and returning a single response to the client.Subject: 2. Token Ring. Advanced Program-to-Program Communication (APPC). Media protocols determine the type of physical connections used on a network (some examples of media protocols are Ethernet. A client-server protocol dictates the manner in which clients request information and services from a server and also how the server replies to that request (some examples of clientserver protocols are NetBIOS.5 What is a Three-Tier Architecture? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.rochester. distribution. NOS provides services such as routing.6 What is Middleware? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. messaging.edu> A three-tier architecture introduces a server (or an "agent") between the client and the server. coaxial and twisted-pair). or intellegent agent services (as in mapping a request to a number of different servers. Sockets. file and print. The key element of connectivity is the network operating system (NOS). Apple's AppleTalk. Transport Level Interface (TLI) and Sequenced Packet Exchange (SPX)). collating the results. and network management services.edu> Connectivity allows applications to transparently communicate with other programs or processes. Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) and Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile(GOSIP)). Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI). Subject: 2. RPC. It can provide translation services (as in adapting a legacy application on a mainframe to a client/server environment). Named Pipes. a client-server protocol is required before the user can access the network services. The protocols are divided into three groups: media. transport and client-server protocols. A transport protocol provides the mechanism to move packets of data from client to server (some examples of transport protocols are Novell's IPX/SPX.Taylor@jhuapl. . metering services (as in acting as a transaction monitor to limit the number of simultaneous requests to a given server). The role of the agent is manyfold.
rochester. i. Usually.edu> Cooperative processing is computing which requires two or more distinct processors to complete a single transaction.cc. .7 What is Cooperative Processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <firstname.lastname@example.org> The explosion of the World Wide Web is due to the world-wide acceptance of a common transport (TCP/IP). Many corporations have discovered that these same technologies can be used for internal client/server applications with the same ease that they are used on the Internet.edu> The distribution of applications and business logic across multiple processing platforms. In other words. Subject: 2. processing is distributed across two or more machines and the processes are most likely not running at the same time.9 What is an "Intranet"? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. these programs interact and execute concurrently on different processors. Cooperative processing is related to both distributed and client/server processing.Taylor@jhuapl. each process performs part of an application in a sequence.rochester. Distributed processing implies that processing will occur on more than one processor in order for a transaction to be completed.cc. Cooperative processing can also be considered to be a style of client/server processing if communication between processors is performed through a message passing architecture. and markup language (HTML). It is a form of distributed computing where two or more distinct processes are required to complete a single business transaction. server standard (HTTP).Subject: 2. Often the data used in a distributed processing environment is also distributed across platforms.8 What is Distributed Processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <email@example.com. Thus was born the concept of the "Intranet": the use of Internet technologies for implementing internal client/server applications. Subject: 2.
cc. They can be scaled horizontally or vertically. 100% of the time and require tight controls over the security and integrity of the database. In database servers.edu> The simplest form of servers are disk servers and file servers. rather than pass all the records back to a client and let it find its own data as was the case for the file server. The applications based on transaction servers are called On-line Transaction Processing (OLTP) and tend to be mission-critical applications which require 1-3 second response time.well-defined set of standard application program interfaces (API's) and RPC's. the client passes requests for files or file records over a network to the file server. by moving them from standalone PCUs onto a Networked File Server (NFS). such as data files and peripheral devices. such as. The communication overhead in this approach is kept to a minimum as the exchange typically consists of a single request/reply (as opposed to multiple SQL statements in database servers). download capabilities from Dow Jones or regulating a electronic mail process. clients invoke remote procedures that reside on servers which also contains an SQL database engine. 4) An important characteristic of client-server systems is scalability. . There are procedural statements on the server to execute a group of SQL statements (transactions) which either all succeed or fail as a unit. transaction server and application servers (Orfali and Harkey 1992). clients passes SQL (Structured Query Language) requests as messages to the server and the results of the query are returned over the network. ensure data integrity and security. Traditional LAN computing allows users to share resources.rochester.2 What are the different types of servers? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. while security and management services. Subject: 3. The more advanced form of servers are database servers. In transaction servers. This form of data service requires large bandwidth and can slow a network with many users down considerably. The code that processes the SQL request and the data resides on the server allowing it to use its own processing power to find the requested data. With a file server. which are also based in the server. Horizontal scaling means adding or removing client workstations with only a slight performance impact. Basing resources on a server allows users to share data. Vertical scaling means migrating to a larger and faster server machine or multiservers. Application servers are not necessarily database centered but are used to server user needs.
g. When the user enters the data in a GUI window. data from an application program is sent to a 3270 screen program on the mainframe to be displayed.cc. However.3 What are the different client/server processing styles? From: Ravi Kalakota <firstname.lastname@example.org.The workstation interprets the data and converts it to graphical form in a window. with the exception of user interface translation logic and possibly validation logic. data management.This is "frontware" solution. (Note: This is an arbitary classification and others may do it differently) Subject: 3. The five styles are distributed presentation.edu> For people whose roots are embedded in the mainframe IBM world. and distributed data management.4 What is distributed or remote presentation? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. it is transformed by the frontware application into a corresponding 3270 data format and is sent to the host computer.rochester. remote presentation. client-server is essentially distributed or remote presentation. where a GUI front end is added to an IBM/MVS 3270/5250 application and is placed on a workstation. This style maps a workstation Graphical User Interface (GUI) front end onto an existing application's text-based screen. For example. most processing remains on the host or server. The merged data is sent to the workstation as a 3270 data stream. business or application logic. distributed function.Subject: 3. This is also called Remote. . The mode of operation is typically intelligent workstations intercepting and interrogating text-screen (e.cc. Mapping.edu> Gartner group came out with the five ways of describing the different c/s styles based on how they split the three components of any application: user interface. 3270) data streams sent from a host for display in a windowed environment. remote data management. (Typically every mainframe screen used by the application has a corresponding window on the workstation and vice versa). Front-ending or HLLAPI (High-Level Language Application Programming Interface).
read-only data. In this instance. RDBMS products that offer remote data management provide a layer of software on the client to handle the communication with the DBMS server.5 What is Remote Data Management? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. However.edu> Here the split occurs in the application functionality. One variant of the distributed function style is where data management and application function occur at both the client and server. other to the server. the server then responds with data that satisfies the query. Distributed function applications are the most complex of the three typologies since two separately compiled application programs must be developed.cc.cc.Distributed data management is an extension of remote data management and uses the distributed facilities of the DBMS to access distributed data in a manner transparent to users.rochester. Remote Data Management is relatively easily to program for because there is just one application program. The client communicates with the server using SQL. one part going to the client. Subject: 3. Subject: 3.6 What is distributed function processing? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura.Subject: 3. This is most relevant for architectures having data spread across several servers and when access to a DBMS on another server is required.edu> In remote data management. The underlying communications facilities may implement either a message-based or remote procedure call (RPC) mechanism for transfer of dialog and data. Workstations support the presentation and function logic and interface with the data server through the data manipulation language.rochester. Data frequently updated or accessed by many users would reside on the server.7 What is IBM's System Application Architecture? .This style represents a more traditional LAN database server or file server approach. data management at the client would include referential. there are many variants of this typology. Developers must analyze where each function should reside and what type of dialog must occur between the two programs. the entire application resides on the client and the data managment is located on a remote server/host.
Common User Access (CUA) defines conventions for GUI look and feel.rochester.cc. Subject: 3.rochester.cc. . will serve as demonstrations of SAA concepts and make it easy for users to migrate between systems. and protocols that are used as a framework for developing consistent. IBM.From: Ravi Kalakota <email@example.com> VITAL provides a way of building information systems constructed from generalized modules that can be reused and shared. A cornerstone of Apple's client/server architecture is Data Access Language (DAL).2. . and Apple Computer. conventions.edu> SAA is a collection of selected software interfaces.rochester. including DEC. This approach allows varied clients to communicate with many different servers.Common Applications. and APIs that give applications greater portability and more consistent user interfaces across multiple platforms.Common Communication Support (CCS) supports existing communications standards. efficient RPC that is particularly effective for installations not requiring WAN support. written by IBM. integrated applications across the major IBM computing environments.cc. Transport Independent Remote Procedure . such as LU 6.edu> Open Network Computing (ONC) is the Sun architecture.It specifies how to construct and provide interfaces for these modules.8 What is APPLE's VITAL architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. a change in the DBMS does not affect the front-end. it simply requires the appropriate DAL link. Subject: 3. DAL sits between the client and server components. . Four major components of this architecture are: . DOS and Windows clients are sold separately). tools. DAL consists of software components for the client and the server (Macintosh System 7 includes the client component. with third party alliances providing the missing pieces.Common Programming Interface (CPI) provides languages. With DAL.9 What is Sun's Open Network Computing Architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. Sun's RPC is licensed by more than 300 companies. It is a lean.
UNIX/SVR4.11 What is OSF-DCE? From: Jon Mauney <mauney@jtec. Security. the Cell and Global Directory Services (CDS and GDS).Information and resource sharing.mauney. from the Open Software Foundation. Distributed Time Service (DTS). available at http://www.and Distributed File Service (DFS). the Security Service. from the DCE FAQ.edu> NAS is a software suite that enables applications to be integrated across a distributed network of multivendor systems: NAS services are divided into four main groups: . CDS. graphical or character terminal based) .rochester. (It is called "the DCE" by sticklers for grammatical consistency. PCNFS. and DTS components are commonly referred to as the "secure core" and are the required . TI-RPC runs independent of the underlying network transport. graphics and conventional text) .Calls (TI-RPC) were co-developed by Sun and AT&T.Application Access Services which support user interface (forms based. AIX/ESA. The Threads. Subject: 3. Subject: 3. DCE Threads.System Access services which provides a standard operating system interface. allowing applications to run unmodified over multiple transport protocols including NetWare.cc.com> (Extracted.org/dce/faq-mauney.osf. with permission.Communication and Central services which support communications using electronic mail and EDI . NetWise developed the TI-RPC Application Toolkit source code generation technology.) DCE consists of multiple components which have been integrated to work closely together. They are the Remote Procedure Call (RPC). Solaris.10 What is Digital's Network Application System (NAS) architecture? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. RPC. which supports database access and compound documents (collection of images. AIX/6000.html) DCE is the Distributed Computing Environment.
DFS is an optional component.14 What is DAE? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura.A single interface to manage the complexities of a heterogeneous environment . locating. Subject: 3.edu> CORBA stands for the Common Object Request Broker Architecture. but instead should be integrated or bundled into a vendor's operating system offering.13 What is CORBA? From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd.A method for creating location independence for client applications. to build. can completely replace their current. and defining objects in a distributed computing environment. integrate. based on standards and extensibility.org) Subject: 3.rochester.cc.rochester. non-network. DCE's security and distributed filesystem." intended to exist alone. It is a set of standard mechanisms for naming.components of any DCE installation.A uniform framework. Subject: 3. It is not DCE is called "middleware" or "enabling technology.cc. analogs. (For technical details. They are aimed at addressing the following: .omg.edu> DOMS provide a way of pulling diverse components together and managing their communications. peruse the Object Management Group web site at http://www.12 What are Distributed Object Management Systems (DOMS)? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura. and deploy open distributed-computing applications .Taylor@jhuapl.edu> . for example.
devices. which details the information that the organisation needs to function.1 Business-Focused Client/Server Architecture From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. (4) DEVICE services to capture data and to control a broad category of controllers. . DAE consists (1) MESSAGING services. Therefore.2.A process model. to meet the needs of the business an application architecture should reflect the complete range of business requirements. Subject: 4. which reflects organisational responsibilities and the way in which the people who use the system view their work. deliver goods. The functional structure and process model rarely. Subject: Part 4: Client/Server Business Issues Subject: 4. Client/Server Business Application Architectures From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. bill customers. if ever. agree.An information model. receive money). Today.com. which details the business functions of the organisation (eg accept orders. (3) PRESENTATION services. make goods. equipment and sensors.au> Traditional applications architectures have been based on function.Distributed Application Environment is designed to allow businesses to use IBM's RISC System/6000 and PS/2 computers in a client/server network (or standalone) for their business applications.au> When analysing a business there are three views of the organisation: . client/server computing demands a three layer view of the . . (2) DATABASE services .A functional model.com.
integrated environment. Problems with existing systems include: .applications were developed to model vertical applications . 1 The user interface layer.applications were implemented as monolithic systems . . The development and implementation of client/server computing is more complex. Businesses today need integrated.com. although such technology can be utilised. The only answer to the question "why build client/server applications?" is "because the business demands the increased benefits. more difficult and more expensive than traditional. which implements the information model It should be noted that this application architecture does not demand multiple hardware platforms.the supporting technology was based on a centralised control model Information technology. has almost reached the stage where these systems can be designed and created. single process applications.applications were complex . which must be incorporated into the new. responsive and comprehensive applications to support the complete range of business processes.au> Client/server computing has arisen because of a change in business needs.applications were built in isolation . Unfortunately. which is an enabling factor in systems building.3 Business Drivers From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo. most businesses have existing systems based on older technology. which implements the process model 3 The data layer. Subject: 4.organisation. flexible. which implements the functional model 2 The business function layer. if the environment is robust and reliable enough and the business is prepared to pay the additional costs associated with workstation and LAN technology.
. This includes application development methodologies.There is a perceived need for vendor independence.Applications need to provide a consistent user interface .There is a change to team based management .Organisation have changed from steep hierarchies to flattened hierarchies .Network management is replacing vertical management . products and architectures.The time required to complete the work will be minimised .au> .5 What does business expect from IT? From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo.Multi-skilled and multi-function teams need access to multiple applications Subject: 4.com.New applications should be aligned with both the user's view and the business process view. programming paradigms.The user interaction must be flexible . .Application complexity needs to be hidden .au> . Existing functionally aligned systems are not appropriate .com.The customer should have a single point of contact for all business with the organisation .4 Business Benefits From: Bernard Robertson-Dunn <brd@netinfo.There is a need for empowerment of staff and audit trail of actions .The user will perform as much processing as possible during customer contact time .The customer should deal with the same person over multiple contacts.Subject: 4.
An ability to evolve IT systems to reflect changing business requirements .It is essential that there be integrity of transactional processes Subject: 4. processing and incentives towards targeted improvements.Taylor@jhuapl. Robert.1 Introductory/Overview Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. policies. et.edu> Reengineering is the organizational process required to align people. not just a part .. processes and technology with strategies to achieve business integration. Subject: Part 5: Books on Client/Server Computing Subject: 5.A variety of user interface styles to reflect the needs of the work .Users should be able to modify business rules without reference to IT staff .rochester. Essential Client/Server Survival Guide New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold .6 What is Business Process Reengineering? From: Ravi Kalakota <kalakota@uhura.IT systems will support all activity performed by the user.cc. al.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: Orfali. It can also be thought of as taking a business in its current state and forming an organizational and operational blueprint to redirect skills. information (data). cultural values. organizational structures.Consistent information across all applications .
. Dawna Travis Client/server computing New York : McGraw-Hill. New York : McGraw-Hill. c1997. Paul E. Client/server computing Carmel.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: Orfali. Ind.2 Detailed Technical Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. c1992. Alex Client-server architecture / Alex Berson. Robert. Professional reference series. J.ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: 0-442-01941-6 Berson. c1996. c1993. 1957Introduction to Client/Server Systems. Patrick.0 New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. Wiley professional computing 0471133337 . c1992. Dan Harkey.Taylor@jhuapl. James Martin/McGraw-Hill productivity series 007016732X Renaud. VNR computer library 0442012195 Dewire. c1992. 047117467X Subject: 5. Client/server programming with OS/2 2. Ranade series on computer communications 0070050767 Smith. 0672300656 Linthicum. : SAMS. 2nd Edition New York : Wiley. David David Linthicum's Guide to Client/Server and Intranet Development Wiley.
Taylor@jhuapl. it is strongly suggested that you include a pointer to your WWW page. No endorsement is to be inferred from inclusion in the CS-FAQ. get one. . Group.edu> AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: SERIES: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: PUBLISHED: ISBN: AUTHOR: TITLE: SERIES: ISBN: Baker.. (Editor) Distributed Computing: Implementation and Management Strategies New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Richard H. and include contact information. Bernard H. Networking the enterprise : how to build client/server systems that work New York : McGraw-Hill. c1994 0-13-220138-0 Inmon. Please limit your submission to one paragraph. If you don't have one.client-server.3 Other Books From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. If you want to be taken seriously by the readership of comp. c1993. 0894354582 Boar. R.net. 1947Implementing client/server computing : a strategic perspective McGraw-Hill systems design & implementation 0070062153 Subject: Part 6: Vendor Information Vendors may submit information for possible inclusion in this section to lloyd@abs. Developing client/server applications Boston : QED Pub.Subject: 5. William H. c1994 McGraw-Hill series on computer communications 0070050899 : 0070050902 (PBK) Khanna.
Taylor@jhuapl.noblenet. from Cornerstone Software. A dynamic name service lets you find at run-time and communicate with any application resource in the PIPES Platform network. NetBios.e.1. integrity. Windows NT. For more information. Async). For more information. TCP/IP. send email to sales@noblenet. sequencing.Subject: 6. Application developers use the Piccolo API to access data and applications residing on any of the supported platforms on a network. and Silicon Graphics (SGI). Our premier product is EZ-RPC.std. is available for those working with databases. Solaris 2. most Windows. Inc. OS/2. PIPES Platform automatically maintains information on all PIPES Platform resources. PIPES Platform's cross-platform . is a message-oriented middleware product that provides application developers with peer-to-peer connectivity without regard for the underlying communications transport (i. An EZ-RPC mailing list is available. at 508-460-8222. EZ-RPC is available on more than 40 platforms. We also publish a Windows rpcgen and distribute the IONA coporation's Orbix Object Request Broker development toolkit. It is also supported on Windows 3. a distributed two-tier ODBC driver SDK. Macs.com with the single word "subscribe" in the message body. point your Web browser to http://www. dynamic re-routing.corsof. or E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. contact NobleNet. and error handling. or browse <http://www. and various libraries. ======= PIPES Platform.com/>.x. Vms.com. and several others. SCO. Session management services provide guaranteed message delivery. Tandem S2 Integrity. including most UNIXes. precompiler. is message-oriented middleware that provides the essential communications services for distributing applications across the enterprise. an RPC precompiler tool kit that includes our enhanced XDR (packaged as an IDL). Piccolo is supported on UNIX versions AIX. ======= Piccolo(tm).com/. or call Piccolo Sales at 603-595-7480. PIPES Platform's process-to-process messaging allows development of applications with an asynchronous. event-driven architecture. from PeerLogic. non-blocking. prioritization. Inc. HP-UX (HP9000/700 & 800). We provide free evaluation copies of EZ-RPC to qualified programmers. The developers need no programming knowledge of the underlying transport protocol. and the Tandem NonStop Kernel. Subscribe by sending a message to email@example.com> ======= NobleNet specializes in providing high quality middleware tools for client-server development. even as machines and applications are added or moved.1 Middleware Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. A new product.
Windows 95. contact Kelly Bernardo at 650-965-8050 ext.1.peerlogic.Taylor@jhuapl. on a LAN.com or at 908-575-9100. OpenVMS.2 Test Software Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. reliability and fault tolerance. at http://www.com. Subject: 6. Contact Jennifer Hart. Director. TOP END has been used by customers in banking.entersoft. Customers can contact Entersoft at http://www. and deals with recovery after system/network failures. TOP END runs on Windows (all versions). and includes support for Java and Active/X applications. Entersoft also provides add-on products for transaction processing. SmartSockets's programming model is built specifically to offer high-speed interprocess communication.ncr. For more information. 800-733-7601. firstname.lastname@example.org/product/topend/index. Included as part of the package are graphical tools for monitoring and debugging your application.com. 145. such as the TOP END-Tuxedo Message Gateway. Entersoft is the sole supplier of TOP END on most platforms. SmartSockets is an industrial-strength package which takes care of network interfaces. telecomm and other industries to build some of the largest transaction processing systems connectiong 100s of nodes and up to 10. from Talarian Corporation. visit our home page at http://www. UNIX.and multiprotocol support provide a consistent communications interface that allows developers to focus on business logic. ======= Entersoft Systems Corporation supplies NCR's TOP END (tm) Transaction Request Broker middleware. is a rapid application development toolkit which enables processes to communicate quickly.htm.000s users. through the use of messages. peer-to-peer. It supports a variety of communication paradigms including publish-subscibe. or E-mail info@talarian. Windows NT. on a WAN. not communications. Also. reliably. and RPC. or anywhere on the Internet. Customers can also get additional TOP END information at NCR. and legacy platform.com/ ======= SmartSockets (tm). The communicating processes can reside on the same machine.talarian. and securely across different operating system platforms. SmartSockets is available on most UNIX. guarantees delivery of messages. retail.com/. Windows 3. and OS/2. http://www.edu> . handles communication protocols. scalability. Product Marketing.
Windows. (703)893-1939 (fax). these tools enhance normal data access (e.biap. EMPOWER/CS listens to the traffic server. For further information. naming/location services . Scripts can be enhanced with C of many users on an between a client and with or without the language to extend captured activity and vary the data in queries and updates. networks and protocols..com/iconix/>. It builds scripts that can be replayed client devices. The Windows and Windows NT support also includes OLE point-and-click features for application development. plus Windows and Windows NT Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs). These applications can then seamlessly blend the attributes of UNIX. Load testing is the process of analyzing the effect application. email: ICONIX@eworld. Performix. Suite 1475. Email: info@performix.Taylor@jhuapl.g. This Client/Server middleware works with Microsoft or third party development tools and includes the libraries for C. Inc. along with special offers and product information about ICONIX PowerTools. VA 22102 (703)448-6606. ODBC or SQL) capabilities with transaction processing. based on standard (X/Open and ISO) high-level APIs. 8200 Greensboro Drive. Windows NT and mainframe systems and can integrate and synchronize the many different databases used on each of these platforms. Director.edu> ======= ICONIX Software Engineering. contact Alyse Rome. by visiting the new ICONIX WWW PowerPage site: <http://www. McLean. ICONIX. CASE tools for object-oriented and structured development. ICONIX offers a free white paper on combining OMT with Objectory for client/server development. is the maker of ICONIX PowerTools.com.com Subject: 6.======= EMPOWER/CS is load testing software for client/server applications. ======= Unisys TransIT Open/OLTP Software is a suite of development tools and runtime management software that provides transaction processing extensions for Windows and Windows NT and UNIX based applications. C++ or COBOL. On every platform. New Media Marketing & Communications. Voice: 310-458-0092.3 Development Tool Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. Inc. Enterprises can quickly develop distributed and highly scaleable business application systems.. EMPOWER/CS charts the time each user must wait for his or her screen response before an application is deployed.
com. open client/server development.unisys. INTERSOLV development solutions are available for object-oriented development. CS/8000 keeps you organized and keeps you on track. Customers benefit from INTERSOLVs common look and feel. Macintosh. broad coverage and rich functionality. expert systems and client/server system architectures. ======= CS/8000 is the first development system that seamlessly integrates methodology.com/. with annual revenues exceeding $120 million.000+ customer sites around the world. Voice: 914-241-9100 email: email@example.com>. OS/2 Presentation Manager. applications or interfaces. a Visual Object Repository to allow creation of complex objects that can be shared across screens and updated through inheritance.000 product licenses at 16.jyacc. including Tuxedo. please reference <http://www. please reference: <http://www. MS-Windows. Sybase. both in character-mode and in Motif.and the store and forward (queuing) of messages. and various tools and utilities. ODBC. including native drivers for Oracle.com . 100's of C library function calls. has more than 375. software configuration management and data warehousing. For more information.com/>. and virtually every implementation of UNIX. Learn more about Client/Server Connection by visiting us at http://www. or contact Phil Wimpenny via telephone at +1-215-986-5765 or via email at wimpenny@po3. DB/2. VAX/VMS. With CS/8000 you have all the tools you need to manage client/server projects of any level of complexity. The INTERSOLV World Wide Web site can be accessed at http://www.intersolv.com ======= JYACC is the maker of JAM 7.bb. For more information. Informix. Likewise. and generate all of your project documentation. JAM works with the leading Transaction Monitors. Use it to select your system architecture. a cross-platform tool for building client/server and distributed applications.unisys. so that developers can create true Three-Tier applications. develop your project plan. server applications are immune to client changes due to new platforms. Phone:800-458-3313 or 212-267-7722 ======= INTERSOLV is a leading provider of open client/server development solutions. JAM also integrates seamlessly with more than twenty of the most popular RDMBS products. Motif. its own scripting language called JPL. JAM applications can run unmodified on more than 100 platforms and operating environments. Email: jazzin@jyacc. Runtime environments are highly tunable with the ability to locate and/or replicate server applications as desired without any impact to the client applications.com or contacting us. It consists of a graphical screen painter. and others.cscl. including DOS. INTERSOLV.
and maintaining workgroup. www.com email: firstname.lastname@example.org registered developers and 450 ISVs worldwide. MAGNA X is strictly open. Japan and Korea. including Power Builder. The MAGNA X development environment is currently available on most major UNIX platforms. MAGNA X generates three-tier client/server TP systems. CI-Link is a powerful middleware that connects SQL database with Macintosh and PC/Windows applications. Entera) is used for connectivity.482258 email: alistair_killick@blyth. Service programs are generated in COBOL and/or C++ (available late '96) and are fully compiled.magna. Services are generated for UNIX and/or CICS/ESA. departmental and enterprise client/server applications. England. For more information: email@example.com UK/EUC Sales: (44) 1344. California. CICS. DB2/AIX.com ======= .482258 email: uk_sales@blyth. Java.S. Asia Pacific and Latin America.com US TechSupport: 415.======= Cornut Informatique provides a range of client/server products. and distributors throughout Europe. Windows NT support has been announced. Blyth Software is headquartered in Foster City. Blyth has more than 25. Sybase and Informix are supported. Industry-standard middleware (Encina. Europe.800.fr ======= MAGNA X from Magna Software Corporation provides a safe growth path to the open systems environments of the 1990's. try and judge.com UK/EUC Tech Supp: (44) 1344. URL: http://www. Unlike competing 3-tier products.cornut.com US Sales: 1. Visual Basic. The Cornut Informatique Web site can be accessed at http://www. Eclipse Report is graphical multi data source report generator.346.570. Delphi. efficient. and mainframes. Oracle. firstname.lastname@example.org email: us_support@blyth. Local service and support is available in the U. with international offices in London. DB2/MVS. C or C++. Don't read our lips. MX "Wizards" automate the construction of fully functional "test clients" with no programming required. a path that preserves and leverages your existing IS investment. If PB or VB is used. Tuxedo. deploying. concentrating on the SERVER portion of distributed systems. Hamburg.fr/. Frederic Bouquet. There is no run-time software. Germany. Eclipse Builder is C/S development environment for Macintosh and PC/Windows. Front-end clients can be written in any language. ======= Blyth Software is an international supplier of modular application development tools for building. UNIX servers. MAGNA X is an open OLTP application development system that simplifies growth into the complex world of distributed computing involving PCs.6647 email: email@example.com or call 212/691-0300. Eclipse Query is an easy to use query tool for Macintosh and PC/Windows.blyth.com.
NatStar automatically generates code and SQL that can be deployed in a multi-tier environment. data model and workflow model of the application. native to the target platforms. Unix or Tandem servers. database systems and user interfaces. Powerbuilder and Internet clients.x/95/NT. Motif and Macintosh. The data model is the basis for generating both database structures and user dialogs. More information is available on the WWW at http://www. ====== Systemator is produced by Sysdeco. generating runtime-free C code. from the mainframe to the desktop.com where local country information is also available. Services can be automatically partitioned in various ways. from standalone with the client. testing and maintenance of information systems. Thanks to its graphical dialog modeling and editing tools. the functions and the information of your enterprise. with the option to modify it if necessary. with no limit to the number of tiers.Dynasty is a true Enterprise Client/Server development environment. DB2/2. It provides a truly Open solution. OS/2. tel:+47 22 09 65 00. Systemator supports a wide range of machine platforms. It is also possible to create servers that can be accessed from Visual Basic. Systemator provides a powerful GUI prototyping capability which greatly facilitates user involvement in the initial stage of prototyping.dynasty. Informix.no. Its powerful repository and conceptual modeling abilities ensure cost effective development as well as much lower maintenance costs.no/tools/systemator/ or by contacting Vivian Ra (vra@sysdeco. Standard communication protocols such as IMC and TCP/IP are supported. fax: +47 22 09 65 01) ======= Nat Systems builds and supports the NatStar development tool. For more information see http://www. NatStar's development environment offers three separate but tightly integrated modules for graphically defining the presentation. Data modeling is used for describing the structure of the information handled by the organization. SqlBase. OS/2. enabling a dynamically partitioned application. making native use of middleware. Systemator provides support for all phases of the development process. NatStar offers an pragmatically object oriented and user friendly environment for rapidly developing applications that can be deployed enterprise-wide. Nonstop SQL. In Systemator's model designer you can build abstract models of the structure. to out on NT. Such an abstract model of the data ensures portability between several database management systems and windowing systems. a well-known Scandinavian software company.sysdeco. as well as Tuxedo for more complex distributed applications requiring TP. NatStar is a perfect tool for Component Based Development and today offers a catalog of tried and tested technical . Presentation can be targeted at Windows 3. SQL Server and ODBC is automatically generated. from modeling through to implementation. Sybase. SQL for Oracle.
With an installed base of nearly 8.sequent.natsys. NatWeb is Nat Systems' solution for developing Internet applications that front-end legacy systems.Taylor@jhuapl. and business components for the near future. decision support (DSS)/data warehousing and Internet-based applications. There is also a Client/Server Spotlight section that contains a C/S Newsletter and information on other C/S resources. enabling integration with upper CASE tools. Subject: 6. Sequent successfully commercialized symmetric multiprocessing (SMP). Symmetry servers incorporate up to 30 industry-standard processors to provide superior price/performance and scalability for on-line transaction processing (OLTP). is a leading architect and provider of open client/server solutions for enterprise business computing.ibm. Suggestions on additional content are welcome. Configuration & Change management.000 systems. ======= .com for more info. Inc. and today. architects enterprise-class computing environments based on open systems.com/. The business side includes a Consultant's Corner where there are articles from industry experts. Sequent leads all other vendors of high-end UNIX systems supporting very large-scale on-line transaction processing (OLTP). NUMA-Q systems. educational and professional services geared to help organizations re-architect their existing information technology infrastructures. document management. See www. It addresses both business and technical issues.4 Other Client/Server Vendors From: Lloyd Taylor <Lloyd. workflow tools. will scale to more than 250 processors and manage 100 terabytes of data. Sequent's next-generation. or browse our website at http://www.edu> ======= The IBM Client/Server Computing Unit maintains a web page at http://www. Sequent's project-oriented offerings include consulting. etc. Nat Systems offers support for the entire software development cycle.components.csc.com dedicated to information related to client/server computing. data warehouses and the application of internet technologies to business communications (including intranets). Call (530) 626-5700. ======= Sequent Computer Systems. The technical side includes a web demo of IBM's Client/Server Advisor System and many client/server success stories from around the world.
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