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Primary Sources

Adler, John. HarpWeek: Explore History. Web. 18 Jan. 2011. <http://www.harpweek.com>.

The HarpWeek website helped provide me with full detailed Thomas Nast cartoons and a great
meaning of his pieces of art. Each illustration is supported by a short overview of what the
cartoonist wanted to portray. The HarpWeek website was one of the best places to find fully
viewable Nast cartoons and more contributing topics to assist in giving a better understanding
of the conflict at the time.

George William Curtis. Letter to Abraham Lincoln, Friday, December 09, 1864 (Introduces Thomas

Nast). Digital image. American Memory. Library of Congress. Web. 09 Dec. 2010.

<http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=mal&fileName=mal1/391/3916100

/malpage.db&recNum=0&tempFile=lomaxbib,mtj,gottlieb,aep,qlt,co>.

The primary source of Curtis's letter to Lincoln supplies me with how well-known Thomas Nast
was and how he was introduced. This letter shows me how George, the editor of Harper's
Weekly, wrote to Abraham Lincoln and talked about how much power the cartoonist had. The
benefit of this source is only the beginning of how Nast will contribute to Lincoln in his later
campaigns.

"Interview with John Adler." Telephone interview. 11 Jan. 2011.

This beneficial primary source helped contribute majorly to my project. John Adler, the author
of Doomed by Cartoon, took time away from his day to give me information about Nast,
politics, and Tweed over the phone. With his strong research he gave me key dates, names, and
even other sources to find further information. This was one of my best primary sources.

Paine, Albert Bigelow. Thomas Nast: His Period and His Pictures. New York: Chelsea House, 1980.

Print.

Thomas Nast: his period and his pictures was one of the best primary sources on Nast himself.
Paine took Nast's life and wrote a biography in a whole new perspective, being a fan of his
work. The primary source gave my project a great overview and factual key cartoons/dates.

"Thomas Nast." News Update | The Ohio State University Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum.

The Ohio State University Libraries. Web. 11 Jan. 2011. <http://cartoons.osu.edu/nast/>.

The Ohio State University Libraries supplied me with a great knowledge of Nast. The website
gave me a great timeline that I used for my NHD project as well as popular primary cartoons
Nast illustrated. This was one of the best sources I used in order to get images for my website
and a broad overview of highlights in his life.
Secondary Sources

Ackerman, Kenneth D. Boss Tweed: the Rise and Fall of the Corrupt Pol Who Conceived the Soul of

Modern New York. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2005. Print.

The biography of "Boss" Tweed helps give a second opinion to my research. Not only was the
background information helpful, but also tells how Tweed felt and gives a more positive feeling
about this man. Also, the fully detailed biography gives another meaning to how New York City
changed.

Adler, John, Draper Hill, and Thomas Nast. Doomed by Cartoon: How Cartoonist Thomas Nast and

the New-York times Brought down Boss Tweed and His Ring of Thieves. New York: Morgan

James, 2008. Print.

This secondary source was one of the best I used. The book supplied me with clear and concise
details with names, cartoons, and key time periods/dates. Also the easy-to-read cartoons Nast
illustrated, captured the essence of how he used his talent against The Ring.

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers."Tammany Hall." Teaching Eleanor Roosevelt, ed. by

Allida Black, June Hopkins, et. al. (Hyde Park, New York: Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic

Site, 2003). <http://www.nps.gov/archive/elro/glossary/tammany-hall.htm>. [Accessed October

13, 2010].

In an easy to read format, this article about Tammany Hall gave me a great background
knowledge about what the organization was all about. Also, the quick but fluent piece of writing
gave specific details that related to my main topic. This article will be a great source to look
back at for a short overview and quick information for the Hall.

“First appearance of the Democratic donkey.” 2010. The History Channel website. Oct 12 2010, 8:52

<http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-appearance-of-the-democratic-donkey>.

In a concise and quick format, History Channel gave a brief article about Thomas Nast's
cartoons, “Live Jackass Kicking a Dead Lion” and “The Third Term Panic” published in
Harpers Weekly Magazine. The article gave me a clear description of what these cartoons
represented and how people look at them today.
Leepson, Marc. “The North's Caustic Cartoonist: Through His Political Illustrations, Thomas Nast

Became a Powerful Spin Doctor Who Influenced Public Opinion and Made Presidents.”

America's Civil War Jan. 2009: 54+. Student Resource Center – Gold. Web. 15 Sept. 2010

<http:/find.galegroup.com/gps/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type

=retrieve&tabID=T003&prodId=IPS&docId=A202368580&source=gale&

srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=la84893&version=1.0>.

In a clear format, this article was one of the best sources I used to get a background knowledge
on Nast. The text gave great detail about his work and life as well as colorful cartoons that he
had published. This helped show how his illustrations contributed to my topic and what the
article was describing. Also, the article went in-depth on Nast's big causes he wanted to
support.

Lynch, Denis Tilden. "Boss" Tweed; the Story of a Grim Generation,. New York: Boni and Liveright,

1927. Print.

"Boss" Tweed; the Story of a Grim Generation is yet another great biography about the
political machine. The source helps give key content as to well as the changing opinion in 1927.
The book not only helps give a new outlook, but also a very detailed synopsis of how Tweed
lived his life and what a positive man he was.

“ Nast, Thomas .” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 20 Sept. 2010 <http://www.school.eb.com/eb/article-

9054924>.

Encyclopedia Britannica gave a clear idea who the political cartoonist, Thomas Nast, was. In
the concise format, this article quickly went through Nast's work for Harper's Weekly Magazine
and his life. Also, it gave examples of some of his cartoons and what he is now known for.

"Nast and Shakespeare." HW-LftNavRollProd-RusAmer. Harper's Weekly. Web. 19 Oct. 2010.

<http://staging.thomasnast.com/Activities/NastandShakespeare/HubPages/CommentaryPage.as

p?Commentary=01RuscheEssay-05Plight>.

Harper's Weekly offered a detailed article about Nast's inspiration from William Shakespeare.
This provided me with a clear and descriptive way of showing Nast's desire for desegregation
along with his symbolic cartoon illustrations.
“Party Animals!” Cobblestone. Sept. 2008: 50. Student Resource Center – Gold. Web. 20 Sept. 2010.

<http://find.galegroup.com/gps/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type

=retrieve&tabID=T003&prodId-IPS&docId=A188350381&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG

&userGroupName=la84893&version=1.0>.

This detailed short article tells how the government symbols came to be and who created them.
Also, the passage shares how people look at these symbols which contribute to my topic giving
their own opinions. Even though there wasn't much to grab from this article, it still gave vivid
ideas of how we look at our symbols.

“ Tweed, William Magear .” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School

Edition. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 20 Sept. 2010.

<http://www.school.eb.com/eb/article-9073934>.

As the title of this article implies, this was an overview of who William Magear “Boss” Tweed
was. It contributed to my topic by giving details and descriptions of what Tweed went through.
Also, it gave me a surprise how Tweed was hammered by Nast and his exaggerated
illustrations.

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