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Instruction: Each question is followed by four options, A, B, C and D.

Choose the correct


answer.

1 Which of the following is not a basic need of an animal?


A Water
B Air
C Light
D Food

2 The figure below shows a fish bowl which has a layer of oil on the surface of the water.

What will happen after a week?


A The fish will grow bigger.
B The fish will compete for food.
C The fish will compete for mate.
D The fish will die.

3 Mei Lin covered some mushrooms with an opaque box. After several days, she removed the
opaque box and noticed that the mushrooms still grew well. This shows that…
A mushrooms do not need light to grow.
B mushrooms are unable to live in dark places.
C mushrooms are able to produce their own food.
D mushrooms can live without light and air.

4 Which of the plants in the above figure reproduce through spores?


A P only
B P and Q only
C Q and R only
D Q, R, and S only

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5 The figure below shows plants that have been placed in sunlight.

What happens if the plant is not watered for a few days?


A The leaves will be more green.
B The size of the leaves will increase.
C The plants will wilt.
D The plants will produce roots on the stems to absorb water from the air.

6 The flies and the lizard in the above figure will die because they do not get…
A water.
B food.
C air.
D enough space.

7 Seeds need all of the following to germinate, except…


A water.
B soil.
C air.
D heat.

8 Which of the following helps the excretion of waste products from the body?
A Exercising
B Sleeping
C Reading
D Talking

9 Which one of the following animals gives birth?


A Lizard
B Bat
C Cockroach
D Grasshopper

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10 The figure below shows a pair of human organs of excretion labeled X.

What waste is excreted from the organs labeled X?


A Sweat
B Urine
C Carbon dioxide
D Solid waste

11 The animal shown in the picture above will grow into a…


A mosquito.
B frog.
C butterfly.
D grasshopper.

12 A frog can breathe in water and on land because it has two different breathing organs, which
are…
A the lungs and moist skin.
B the lungs and gills.
C the lungs and air tubes.
D the gills and air tubes.

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13 Which of the following animals reproduces in the same way as the animals above?
A A stingray
B A penguin
C A dolphin
D A turtle

14 Which of the following animals can be classified in groups X and Y, based on how they
breathe?
X Y
A Tadpole Cockroach
B Chicken Caterpillar
C Frog Dragonfly
D Prawn Worm

15 Which of the following plants reproduce in the same way?

A I and II only
B I and III only
C I and IV only
D III and IV only

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16 Which of the following plants reproduce in the same way?
I Tapioca II Rose
III Sugar cane IV Croton
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and IV only
D I, II, III, and IV

Snake
Centipede
Scorpion

17 The animals in the list above protect themselves by…


A camouflage.
B pretending to die.
C producing a smell.
D using a sting.

18 The part marked X in the above diagram is used…


A for finding food.
B for protecting themselves.
C for easy movement.
D for locating predators.

19 The polar bear can survive in a cold and icy habitat because…
I it has very thick fur.
II its fur is white.
III it has a thick layer of fat under its skin.
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II, and III

20 Rubber trees can reduce water loss during the drought season…
A by having its leaves folded.
B by shedding its leaves.
C by having latex produced in the stem.
D by shedding bark from the stem.

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21 The pictures below show two animals.

What is the organ of excretion of these animals?


A Lungs
B Skin
C Gills
D Trachea

22 Which of the following animals excretes its waste products through gills?
A Frog
B Mouse
C Prawn
D Earthworm

23 The figure below shows the life cycle of a frog.

Which of the following is X?

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24 The following pictures show the classification of animals into two groups according to the
way they reproduce.

Which of the following animals can be placed in group M and group N?

Group M Group N
A Tiger Zebra
B Snake Snail
C Goose Sea lion
D Giraffe Platypus

25 The picture below shows a mimosa plant.

This plant can respond to…


I water.
II touch.
III sunlight.
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

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26 The picture below shows a banana plant.

What is the name of the part labelled X?


A Underground stem
B Parent plant
C Sucker
D Shoot

27 Which part of a plant will respond to gravity?


A Shoot
B Roots
C Leaves
D Stem

28Which of the following animals will curl up their bodies when they are touched?
A Goat and pangolin
B Caterpillar and porcupine
C Millipede and pangolin
D Chameleon and millipede

29 Which of the following plants have hairs that can cause itchiness?
I Jackfruit
II Bamboo
III Sugar cane
IV Pumpkin
A II and III only
B I, II and III only
C II, III and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

30 The following list shows some plants which have a certain specific characteristic.
• Mimosa plant
• Rose plant
• Rattan plant
What is the specific characteristic?
A Poisonous
B Thorny
C Smelly
D Produce latex

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SECTION B
Write your answers in the spaces provided.

1 The figure below shows that three different grasshoppers are immersed in water.

(a) Predict the results of this experiment after two hours.


____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

(b) State your inference based on the observation in (a).


_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

(c) Name the following variables.


i. Manipulated variable: ________________________________________________________________

ii. Responding variable:________________________________________________________________

(d) What is the conclusion of this experiment?


_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

2 The figure below shows the apparatus set up by a group of students in an experiment.

(a) What is the purpose of this experiment?


____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

(b) i. State an observation can you make from this experiment.


____________________________________________________________________________________

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ii. Give an inference for your answer in (b)i.
__________________________________________________________________________________

(c) What is the conclusion can you make from this experiment?
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

3 The pictures below show three types of animals which have specific characteristics for protecting
themselves from enemies.

(a) Name one specific characteristic of animal P which protects it.


__________________________________________________________________________________

(b) What is animal R doing?


__________________________________________________________________________________

(c) What are the specific characteristics of animal Q which cause enemies to stay away from it?
__________________________________________________________________________________

4 A pupil puts a yam leaf and a lime leaf together with a caterpillar in a glass container as shown in the
figure below. After a day, the lime leaf is completely eaten by the caterpillar while the yam leaf is not
eaten.

(a) What is the aim of this experiment?


__________________________________________________________________________________

(b) State one inference based on the observation.


__________________________________________________________________________________

(c) What is the importance of having poisonous leaves to the yam plant ?
__________________________________________________________________________________

(d) Name one other plant that has the same specific characteristic as the yam plant.
__________________________________________________________________________________

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5 The figure below shows some plants which are grouped according to their special characteristics.

(a) Name the special characteristic of each group.


i. X: ___________________________________________________________________________

ii. Y: ___________________________________________________________________________

iii. Z: ___________________________________________________________________________

(b) Why are these characteristics important to these plants?


______________________________________________________________________________

(c) Give an example of a plant that has each of the following characteristics.
i. Thorny fruit: ___________________________________________________________________

ii. Trunk that produces latex: ________________________________________________________

iii. Tree with hard bark: _____________________________________________________________

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Section A 16 D
1C 17 D
2D 18 B
3A 19 B
4B 20 B
5C 21 A
6C 22 C
7B 23 C
8A 24 C
9B 25 D
10 C 26 C
11 A 27 B
12 A 28 C
13 C 29 D
14 A 30 B
15 C
Section B
1 (a) The grasshoppers in beaker P and beaker R will die while the grasshopper in beaker Q will still be alive.
(b) The grasshoppers in beaker P and beaker R cannot breathe because their breathing structures are immersed in
water.
(c) i. Part of the body immersed
ii. Grasshopper lives of dies
(d) A grasshopper will die if its breathing structures are blocked.
2 (a) To study the response of a plant to water
(b) i. The roots of the seedling grow towards the moist cotton wool.
ii. Roots respond to the stimulus of water.
(c) Roots of a plant respond to water because water is a basic need of the plant.
3 (a) Sharp spines on its body.
(b) It is withdrawing its limbs and head into its shell.
(c) Animal Q has a stings. A large number of them live together in a group.
4 (a) To study how plants protect themselves from enemies
(b) The yam leaf is poisonous while the lime leaf is not poisonous.
(c) To protect itself from enemies
(d) Mushroom
5 (a) i. X : Thorny stems
ii. Y : Poisonous
iii. Z : Hairy surface that can cause itchiness
(b) To protect them from being eaten by animals
(c) i. Durian tree
ii. Rubber tree
iii. Mangrove tree

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