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UFCD 6957

Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida


quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Formadora: Mónica Morais

2021
UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

1. NOTAS INTRODUTÓRIAS

1.1. Caracterização

Tal como a própria denominação indica, o módulo de Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da
vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais basear-se-á na exploração do vocabulário base e aspetos da
gramática inglesa para a preparação do formando na abordagem oral prática no mundo do dia-a-dia.

Tendo em conta a universalidade da língua estrangeira – Inglês, torna-se cada vez mais
importante e fundamental dominar as estruturas base e o vocabulário essencial para que os formandos
sejam capazes de estabelecer uma comunicação eficaz e correta em qualquer situação do dia-a-dia no
estrangeiro.

1.2. Objetivos

Os objetivos deste módulo são:

✓ Pedir e dar informações pessoais e do quotidiano, em língua inglesa.

✓ Pedir e dar informações acerca de refeições, alimentos e bebidas, em língua inglesa.

✓ Pedir e dar informações sobre serviços, transportes e compras, em língua inglesa.

✓ Pedir e dar informações acerca de locais de interesse turístico e de atividades de lazer, em


língua inglesa.

1.3. Público-alvo

Centro de Tropas de Operações Especiais

1.4. Benefícios e Condições de Utilização

O presente manual de apoio à aprendizagem tem por objetivo constituir um complemento aos
conteúdos programáticos abordados em sala no âmbito da unidade de formação 6957 Língua inglesa –
informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, e serviços e locais de interesse turístico. Os objetivos
pedagógicos, conteúdos programáticos e carga horária estão de acordo com o referencial da unidade de
formação.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Este manual pretende constituir-se como um suporte de consulta, aprofundamento e sistematização


dos conhecimentos dos seus utilizadores relativamente às temáticas abordadas na unidade de
formação.

O Manual é constituído pela componente teórica, que será complementado pela componente prática.

1.5. Conteúdos

Informações pessoais e do quotidiano

• Identificação / Caracterização de si próprio

• Descrição física e psicológica de pessoas

• Rotina diária

• Refeições, alimentos e bebidas

1.6. Carga Horária

8 horas

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY

Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida


quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Formadora: Mónica Morais

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Verb To Be – ser, estar


Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I am – I’m I am not – I’m not Am I?
You are – You’re You are not – You aren’t Are you?
He is – He’s He is not – He isn’t Is he?
She is – She’s She is not – She isn’t Is she?
It is – It’s It is not – It isn’t Is it?
We are – We’re We are not – We aren’t Are we?
You are – You’re You are not – You aren’t Are you?
They are – They’re They are not – They aren’t Are they?

2.5 PRONOUNS
Personal Pronouns

Singular Plural

I We
You You
He
She They
It

Personal Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Pronouns Object Pronouns


I My Mine Me

You Your Yours You


He His His Him
She Her Hers Her
It Its Its Its
We Our Ours Us
You Your Yours You
They Their Theirs Them

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

CARDINAL AND ORDINAL NUMBERS


1 One 1 First 1st
2 Two 2 Second 2nd
3 Three 3 Third 3rd
4 Four 4 Fourth 4th
5 Five 5 Fifth 5th
6 Six 6 Sixth 6th
7 Seven 7 Seventh 7th
8 Eight 8 Eighth 8th
9 Nine 9 Ninth 9th
10 Ten 10 Tenth 10th
11 Eleven 11 Eleventh 11th
12 Twelve 12 Twelfth 12th
13 Thirteen 13 Thirteenth 13th
14 Fourteen 14 Fourteenth 14th
15 Fifteen 15 Fifteenth 15th
16 Sixteen 16 Sixteenth 16th
17 Seventeen 17 Seventeenth 17th
18 Eighteen 18 Eighteenth 18th
19 Nineteen 19 Nineteenth 19th
20 Twenty 20 Twentieth 20th
21 Twenty-one 21 Twenty-first 21st
30 Thirty 30 Thirtieth 30th
32 Thirty-two 32 Thirty-second 32nd
40 Forty 40 Fortieth 40th
43 Forty-three 43 Forty-third 43rd
50 Fifty 50 Fiftieth 50th
60 Sixty 60 Sixtieth 60th
70 Seventy 70 Seventieth 70th
80 Eighty 80 Eightieth 80th
90 Ninety 90 Ninetieth 90th
100 One hundred 100 One hundredth 100th

101 One hundred and one 101 One hundred and first 101st

1000 One thousand 1000 One thousandth 1000th

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

1.000.000 One million 1.000.000 One millionth 1.000.000th

Days of the week Months

Monday January July


Tuesday February August
Wednesday March September
Thursday April October
Friday May November
Saturday June December
Sunday

A: When’s your birthday? A: How old are you?


B: My birthday is in November on the first. B: I am 29 years old.

COUNTRIES AND NATIONALITIES

Nationalities

. German . British . Chinese


. Mexican . English . Portuguese
. Jamaican . Irish . Japanese
. Russian . Scottish . Vietnamese
. Canadian . Polish . Nepalese
. Australian . Swedish
. Brazilian . Finnish
. Egyptian . Spanish
. Peruvian . Turkish
. Korean
. Argentinean

Except: French (France), Dutch (from Holland), Swiss (from Switzerland), Greek, Iraqi, Israeli, Arab

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Country Adjective Portuguese Meaning

Australia Australian

Austria Austrian

Brazil Brazilian

Germany German

Romania Romanian

France French

Britain British

The United Kingdom English

Scotland Scottish; Scots

Ireland Irish

England English

Sweden Swedish

Belgium Belgian

Argentina Argentinean

Taiwan Taiwanese

Norway Norwegian

India Indian

Mexico Mexican

Denmark Danish

Greece Greek

Spain Spanish

Egypt Egyptian

Italy Italian
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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Russia Russian

The Netherlands Dutch

Turkey Turkish

Japan Japanese

Canada Canadian

China Chinese

Korea Korean

Portugal Portuguese

Poland Polish

Pakistan Pakistani

Vietnam Vietnamese

Malaysia Malaysian

Saudi Arabia Saudi, Arab

Bulgaria Bulgarian

America American

ADDRESS AND TELEPHONE NUMBERS

What’s your address/telephone number?


My address/telephone number is ….
- door number, building number,
- street name
- town, city
e.g. 59, Queen Street, London
Av. – Avenue
Rd. – Road
St. – Street
Sq. – Square

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

DETERMINERS

a book a letter a house


a . antes de um som consoante a coat a new idea
a house a car

an apple an idea
an . antes de um som vogal an airplane an old car
an orange an egg

a . com o som /iu/ - a uniform, a European, a university, a useful

an . com o /h/ silencioso - an hour

. quando falamos sobre alguma coisa ou alguém que ambos o falante e o ouvinte conhecem
Can I use the phone? I am going to the cinema.

. nomes de desertos, rios, oceanos, mares, the Sahara Desert, the Thames, the Mediterranean, the
cordilheiras de montanhas, nações formadas Atlantic, the USA, the Himalayas.
the por estados

. nomes no plural the Netherlands, the United States / the USA, the Alps

. expressões com República, Reino, etc: the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom

. grandes áreas mundiais the West, the Middle East, the Far East

. nomes de edifícios the Hilton Hotel, the Globe Theatre, the Eiffel Tower, the Taj
Mahal, the Old Mill Restaurant

EXCEÇÕES

. nomes de aeroportos, estações, catedrais, Oxford Airport, Buckingham Palace, Glasgow Central Station,
universidades, palácios, castelos, escolas Cambridge University, Middle Junior School, Asia, Portugal,
. nomes com o caso possessivo Spanish, car, Jarrod’s, lunch
. nomes de locais específicos
. maior parte dos países e cidades,
continentes, línguas, refeições, montanhas
ou lagos
. meios de transporte

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Verb Have got – ter, possuir

Affirmative form Negative form Interrogative form


I have got – I’ve got I have not got – I haven’t got Have I got?
You have got – You’ve got You have not got – You haven’t got Have you got?
He has got – He’s got He has not got – He hasn’t got Has he got?
She has got – She’s got She has not got – She hasn’t got Has she got?
It has got – It’s got It has not got – It hasn’t got Has it got?
We have got – We’ve got We have not got – We haven’t got Have we got?
You have got – You’ve got You have not got – You haven’t got Have you got?
They have got – They’ve got They have not got – they haven’t got Have they got?

I have got a car. ≠ I have a car.


Auxiliary Main Main
verb verb verb

Introduction – Simple Present

1. Forming the simple present tense


There are only two basic forms for the simple present tense:
- one ends with -s and the other doesn't.

Subject Verb Form Example


I simple form I sing
You simple form You sing
He simple form + S He sings
She simple form + S She sings
It simple form + S It sings
We simple form We sing
You simple for You sing
They simple form They sing

In other words, only THIRD PERSON SINGULAR subjects (he, she and it) have to have a verb with -S.
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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

-s or -es ?
With most verbs, the third person singular form is created simply by adding -s. However, with some verbs, you
need to add -es or change the ending a little.

Verb ending in... How to make the 3rd person singular Example
ss Add -es He passes
sh Add -es She wishes
ch Add -es He watches
o/x Add –es He watches
consonant + y Change y to i, then add -es It flies
[anything else] Add -s He sings

SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVES AND QUESTIONS


In the simple present tense, negative forms and question forms are made using the auxiliary verb “do”.

1. Forming a negative
Negatives in the simple present are formed by adding don't or doesn't before the simple form of the verb:

Subject Auxiliary Example


I don't I don't sing
You don't You don't sing
He doesn't He doesn't sing
She doesn't She doesn't sing
It doesn't It doesn't sing
You don’t You don’t sing
We don't We don't sing
They don't They don't sing

In other words, only third person singular subjects (he, she and it) have doesn't — the rest have don't.

2. Forming a yes/no question


Yes/no questions are also created using the auxiliary do. This time, the auxiliary is placed before the subject.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Auxiliary Subject Example


Do I Do I sing?
Do you Do you sing?
Does he Does he sing?
Does she Does she sing?
Does it Does it sing?
Do we Do we sing?
Do you Do you sing?
Do they Do they sing?

Statement Yes/no question WH- question


I sing Do I sing? What do I sing?
You fight. Do you fight? Why do you fight?
He lives Does he live? Where does he live?

3. Forming a WH- question


WH- questions (using words such as “what”, “when”, and “where”) are also created by putting the auxiliary do
before the subject. Then, you add the WH- word at the beginning.

Wh-Question words
Where Whose
When How long
Why How far
How How often
Who How much
What How many
Which How come
Whom How old

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

She lives in London. Does she live in London? Where does she live?

subject main auxiliary subject main wh auxiliary subject main


verb in the verb verb in word verb verb in
Present Tense the Infinitive the Infinitive

Exception: With “How many” and “How much” the object of the sentence comes first.
eg: How much rice do you have? How many apples does she have?

wh object aux. subject main wh object aux. subject main


word verb verb in word verb verb verb in
the Infinitive the Infinitive

Form of the Simple Past

Verb To Be – ser, estar


Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I was I was not – I wasn’t Was I?
You were You were not – You weren’t Were you?
He was He were not – He wasn’t Was he?
She was She was not – She wasn’t Was she?
It was It was not – It weren’t Was it?
We were We were not – We weren’t Were we?
You were You were not – You weren’t Were you?
They were They were not – They weren’t Were they?

- with regular verbs: infinitive + -ed


- with irregular verbs: 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs

▪ Affirmative sentences:

regular verbs irregular verbs

I played football. I went to the cinema.

We visited Alaska last year. We were in Rome yesterday.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

▪ Negative sentences:
Always use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of to do) for negations.

I played football.

I didn't play football.

He didn't play football.

▪ Questions:
Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of to do).
Did you play football?

I played football.

Did I play football.

Did he play football.

▪ Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ‘ed’

Exceptions in spelling when adding ed Example

after a final e only add d love – loved

final consonant after a short, stressed vowel admit – admitted


or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled travel – travelled

final y after a consonant becomes i hurry – hurried

There can also be some irregular verbs following a similar pattern:

Base Form Past Simple Past Participle


Burn Burnt/Burned Burnt/Burned
Clap Clapped/Clapt Clapped/Clapt
Dream Dreamt/Dreamed Dreamt/Dreamed
Kneel Knelt/Kneeled Knelt/Kneeled

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Lean Leant/Leaned Leant/Leaned


Leap Leapt/Leaped Leapt/Leaped
Smell Smelt/Smelled Smelt/Smelled
Spell Spelt/Spelled Spelt/Spelled
Spill Spilt/Spilled Spilt/Spilled
Spoil Spoilt/Spoiled Spoilt/Spoiled
Strip Stript/Stripped Stript/Stripped
Sunburn Sunburned/Sunburnt Sunburned/Sunburnt
Sweep Swept/Sweeped Swept/Sweeped
Vex Vext/Vexed Vext/Vexed

When the verb ends in consonant + vowel + consonant, you have to double the last consonant and then add "ed"
to make the Past Simple.
If you have a verb with more than one syllable, you only double the consonant if the last syllable is stressed.
In British English the final "l" is doubled, even if the last syllable is not stressed.

If the last letter is "x", you do not double it because an "x" is in fact two consonant "ks".
If the last letter is "c", you write "ck" instead of "cc".
Of course these rules only apply to regular verbs.

If the verb ends with an e that isn’t pronounced (as in bake or smile), then you need to drop this final -ebefore
adding -ed and -ing:

verb past tense

bake baked

smile smiled

If the verb ends with a vowel plus -l (as in travel or equal), then you need to double the l before adding -ed and -
ing in British English:

verb past tense

travel travelled

distil distilled

equal equalled

*This rule doesn’t apply in American English.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

If the verb ends with a single vowel plus a consonant, and the stress is at the end of the word (e.g. refer), then you
need to double the final consonant before adding -ed and –ing:

verb past tense

admit admitted

commit committed

refer referred

If the verb ends with a vowel plus a consonant and the stress is not at the end of the word, you don’t need to
double the final consonant when adding -ed and -ing:

verb past tense

inherit inherited

target targeted

visit visited

If the verb has only one syllable and ends with a single vowel plus a consonant (e.g. stop), then you need to double
the final consonant before adding -ed and -ing:

verb past tense

stop stopped

tap tapped

sob sobbed

If the verb ends with two vowels plus a consonant, you should generally not double the final consonant:

verb past tense

treat treated

wheel wheeled

pour poured

If the verb ends in -c (e.g. panic), you need to add a -k before adding -ed and -ing, and also -er.

verb past tense

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

picnic picnicked

mimic mimicked

traffic trafficked

don't double if the verb finishes with an "x" or "w"


to fix - fixed
to mix - mixed
to endow - endowed
to bow - bowed

*exceptions (stress not on the last syllable, but double anyway)


to worship - worshipped
to kidnap - kidnapped

PLURALS

Regular Plurals
For most nouns, the general rule for making the word plural is:

. If the word ends in s, x, ch or sh, add an "es" Bless + es = blesses


Box + es = boxes catch + es = catches Dish + es = dishes
. If the word ends in a consonant (all letters except a, e, i, o, u) + y, then change the "y" to an "i" and ad the letters
"es"
Baby = Babies Candy = candies
. For all other non-irregular nouns, simply add an "s" to the end of the word
Cat = cats Dog = dogs Kid = kids

Irregular Plurals
. Unchanging Nouns
Deer is "deer" whether singular or plural
Fish is "fish" whether singular or plural
Bison is "bison" whether singular or plural
Moose is "moose" whether singular or plural
Elk is "elk" whether singular or plural.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

. Other Irregular Plurals


. For words that end in "fe" or “f” you change the letter "f" to the letter "v" and then add "s"
Knife = knives Wife = wives
Half = halves Loaf = loaves
. For words that end in "us," change the "us" to an "i"
Syllabus = syallabi
. For words that end in "o" add "es"
Tomato = tomatoes

. Words that Change Form


Men to man
Person to persons/people
Tooth to teeth
Goose to geese

For some words ending in f, change the f to a v However, for some words ending in f, just add -s
and add -es
Singular Plural Singular Plural
half halves chef chefs
loaf loaves cliff cliffs
elf elves ref refs
leaf leaves roof roofs
self selves The plural of some nouns ending in f can be spelt
shelf shelves using either variation.
thief thieves
wolf wolves

For some nouns ending in ife, change the f to a v For common nouns that end with consonant + y,
and then add -s change the y to an i and then add -es
Singular Plural Singular Plural
wife wives poppy poppies
life lives fly flies
knife knives penny pennies
spy spies

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

nappy nappies
sty sties

For some nouns are the same in both singular and For some nouns, change other letters or just
plural from change the word completely!
Singular Plural Singular Plural
fish fish person people
sheep sheep child children
deer deer ox oxen
tuna tuna foot feet
salmon salmon tooth teeth
trout trout goose geese
means means mouse mice
series series louse lice
moose moose man men

ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH SPELLING


Here are the principal differences in spelling between English and American English.

British English American English


Final -l is always doubled after one vowel in stressed and rebel rebel - rebelled
unstressed syllables in English but usually only in stressed rebelled travel - traveled
syllables in American English, for example: travel
travelled
Some words end in -tre in English and -ter in American English, centre center
for example: theatre theater
Some words end in -ogue in English and -og in American analogue analog
English, for example: catalogue catalog
Some words end in -our in English and -or in American English, colour color
for example: labour labor
Some verbs end in -ize or -ise in English but only in -ize in realise, realize realize
American English, for example: harmonise, harmonize
harmonize

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

BRITISH AND AMERICAN TERMS


British and American English often spell the same word differently, for example: labour/labor,enthrall/enthral,
or centre/center.
There are also many cases in which the two varieties of English use different terms to describe the same thing.
Here’s a list of various British words and expressions together with their American equivalents.

British English American English British English American English

accommodation accommodations

aerofoil airfoil

aeroplane airplane

car park parking lot

aluminium aluminum

chemist drugstore

chips French fries

aubergine eggplant cinema movie theater; the


movies

baking tray cookie sheet cling film plastic wrap

beetroot beet(s)

bill check cornflour cornstarch

biscuit cookie; cracker cos (lettuce) Romaine

black economy underground economy cot crib

blanket bath sponge bath

blind (window) shade

block of flats apartment building

boiler suit coveralls

bonnet (of a car) hood courgette zucchini

boot (of a car) trunk

bottom drawer hope chest crisps chips; potato chips

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

bowls lawn bowling crocodile alligator

braces suspenders

current account checking account flannel washcloth

flat apartment

flick knife switchblade

diamante rhinestone flyover overpass

double cream heavy cream football soccer

footway sidewalk

fringe (hair) bangs

dressing gown robe; bathrobe

drink-driving drunk driving full stop (punctuation) period

drinks cupboard liquor cabinet garden yard; lawn

drinks party cocktail party

driving licence driver’s license

dummy (for a baby) pacifier greaseproof paper wax paper/waxed


paper

dustbin garbage can grill (noun) broiler

earth (electrical) ground grill (verb) broil

engaged (of a phone) busy ground floor first floor

estate agent real estate agent, groundsman groundskeeper


realtor (trademark)

estate car station wagon hairslide barrette

first floor second floor hen night bachelorette party

financial year fiscal year

fire brigade/service fire


company/department

holiday vacation

homely homey

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

luggage van baggage car

maize corn

ice lolly Popsicle (trademark) maths math

indicator (on a car) turn signal

jelly babies jelly beans mobile phone cell phone

motorway expressway; highway

mum/mummy mom/mommy

nappy diaper

jumper sweater

junior school elementary school newsreader newscaster

kennel doghouse

ladybird ladybug number plate license plate

a lettuce a head of lettuce off-licence liquor store; package


store

level crossing grade crossing

lift elevator

lolly Popsicle (trademark)

loo (toilet) john

lorry truck patience solitaire

pavement sidewalk

petrol gas; gasoline

pedestrian crossing crosswalk

registration plate license plate

physiotherapy physical therapy

pinafore dress jumper reversing lights back-up lights

plain chocolate dark chocolate right-angled triangle right triangle

plain flour all-purpose flour ring road beltway

polo neck turtleneck

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

roundabout (at a fair) carousel

roundabout (in road) traffic circle

postbox mailbox rowing boat rowboat

postcode zip code sailing boat sailboat

potato crisp potato chip

sandpit sandbox

pram baby carriage; stroller sandwich cake layer cake

sanitary towel sanitary napkin

public school private school

public transport public transportation

punchbag punching bag shopping trolley shopping cart

pushchair stroller

queue line skimmed milk skim milk

racing car race car skipping rope jump rope

railway railroad

real tennis court tennis sledge sled

recorded delivery certified mail

solicitor lawyer unalike unlike

soya/soya bean soy/soybean underground subway

splashback backsplash

vest undershirt

starter appetizer wagon (on a train) car

state school public school waistcoat vest

wardrobe closet

water ice Italian ice

sweet(s) candy

takeaway (food) takeout; to go white coffee coffee with cream

taxi rank taxi stand white spirit mineral spirits

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

tea towel dish towel wholemeal bread wholewheat bread

terrace house row house windcheater windbreaker

windscreen windshield

wing (of a car) fender

tights pantyhose

zebra crossing crosswalk

zed (letter Z) zee

zip zipper

trainers sneakers

tram streetcar; cable car

trolley shopping cart

PREPOSITIONS at, in, on

Preposition Examples
We sit in the room.
I see a house in the picture.
There are trouts in the river.
He lives in Paris.
I found the picture in the paper.
He sits in the back of the car.
My cousin lives in the country.
in There are kites in the sky.
She lives in a hotel.
The boys stand in a line.
There is a big tree in the middle of the garden.
He is in town.
I have to stay in bed.
The robber is in prison now.
She sits at the desk.
The bus stops at Graz.
I stay at my grandmother's.
I stand at the door.
Look at the top of the page.
The car stands at the end of the street.
at
Can we meet at the corner of the street?
I met John at a party.
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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Pat wasn't at home yesterday.


I study economics at university.
The childen are at gandmother's.
He's looking at the park.
He always arrives late at school.
The map lies on the desk.
The picture is on page 10.
The photo hangs on the wall.
He lives on a farm.
on Dresden lies on the river Elbe.
Men's clothes are on the second floor.
The shop is on the left.
My friend is on the way to Moscow.
Write this information on the front of the letter.

The prepositions at, on, and in With small islands:


I stayed on Sypris.
With directions:
on the left
We use at to show a specific place or position. on the right
straight on
For example:
Someone is at the door.
They are waiting at the bus stop.
I used to live at 51 Portland Street. We use in to show that something is enclosed or
With places: surrounded.
at the bus-stop For example:
at the door The dog is in the garden.
at the cinema She is in a taxi.
at the end of the street Put it in the box.
With places on a page: We also use in to show position within land-areas (towns,
at the top of the page counties, states, countries and continents).
at the bottom of the page For example:
With groups of people: I used to live in Nottingham.
at the back of the class With spaces:
at the front of the class in a room / in a building
in a garden / in a park
With bodies of water:
We use on to show position on a horizontal or vertical in the water
in the sea
surface.
in a river
For example:
With lines:
The cat sat on the mat.
in a row / in a line
The satellite dish is on the roof.
in a queue
We also use on to show position on streets, roads, etc.
For example:
I used to live on Portland Street.
With surfaces:
on the ceiling / on the wall / on the floor
on the table

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

IMPORTANT NOTES We say 'on the front / on the back' of a piece of


In / at / on the corner paper
We say 'in the corner of a room', but 'at the corner (or 'on
the corner') of a street'
In / at / on the front
We say 'in the front / in the back' of a car
We say 'at the front / at the back' of buildings /
groups of people

Prepositions of place and direction

Preposition Use Examples


above higher than something The picture hangs above my bed.

across from one side to the other side You mustn't go across this road here.
There isn't a bridge across the river.
after one follows the other The cat ran after the dog.
After you.
against directed towards something The bird flew against the window.

along in a line; from one point to another They're walking along the beach.

among in a group I like being among people.

around in a circular way We're sitting around the campfire.

behind at the back of Our house is behind the supermarket.

below lower than sth. Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.

beside next to Our house is beside the supermarket.

between Something or somebody is on each side Our house is between the supermarket and the school.

by near He lives in the house by the river.

close to near Our house is close to the supermarket.

down from high to low He came down the hill.

from the place where it starts Do you come from Tokyo?

in front of the part that is in the direction it faces Our house is in front of the supermarket.

inside opposite of outside You shouldn't stay inside the castle.

into entering something You shouldn't go into the castle.

near close to Our house is near the supermarket.

next to beside Our house is next to the supermarket.

off away from sth. The cat jumped off the roof.

onto moving to a place The cat jumped onto the roof.

opposite on the other side Our house is opposite the supermarket.

out of leaving something or somewhere The cat jumped out of the window.

outside opposite of inside Can you wait outside?

over above something The cat jumped over the wall.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

past going near somehing or somebody Go past the post office.

round in a circle We're sitting round the campfire.

through going from one point to the other point You shouldn't walk through the forest.

to towards something or somebody I like going to Australia.


Can you come to me?
I've never been to Africa.
towards in the direction of something We ran towards the castle.

under below something The cat is under the table.

up from low to high He went up the hill.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Personal Information &

Daily Routine
Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida
quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Formadora: Mónica Morais

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

2. GREETINGS AND FAREWELLS

2.1. GREETINGS (saudações)

. Good morning
. Good afternoon
. Good evening
. Good night

▪ Formal
A: How are you? A: How do you do!
B: Fine, thanks. / Very well. / Not very well, I’m afraid. B: How do you do!

▪ Informal
A: Hello! Hi!

2.2 FAREWELLS (despedidas)


. Goodbye . See you later
. Bye- bye . See you tomorrow
. See you

2.3 INTRODUCTIONS (apresentações)

What’s your name? - Qual é o teu nome? / Como te chamas?


I am Anna. My name is Anna. - Eu sou a Anna. O meu nome é Anna.

What’s your surname? – Qual é o teu sobrenome?


My surname is Williams. – O meu sobrenome é Williams.

Nice/pleased to meet you. – É um prazer conhecê-lo/conhecer-te.


Nice/pleased to meet you too. - É um prazer conhecê-lo/conhecer-te também.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

2.4 SOME OTHER USEFUL WORDS

Thank you – obrigada/o


Thank you very much – muito obrigada/o
I am sorry – desculpa.
Excuse me – com licença/desculpe
Please – por favor
You are welcome – de nada

1. Read the following and then practice with your partner.

John: Hello, my name is John. What’s your name?


Tom: Hi! My name is Tom Stewart. What’s your surname?
John: My surname is Rogers. Where are you from Tom?
Tom: I’m from New York. What about you?
John: I am from Boston.
Tom: Nice to meet you John.
John: Nice to meet you too.

Possible questions:

What’s your name?


Where are you from?
How old are you?
Where do you live?
What language do you speak?
Are You married or single? Are you engaged?
Do you work? What do you do for a living?
Do you have children? How many?
What are your hobbies and interests?

2.5 Personal Information

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

DESCRIBING PEOPLE: APPEARANCE

Height (Altura)

He is tall. He is short. He is normal height.


He is very tall. He is quite short. He is relatively normal height.

Weight (Peso)
She is skinny. (negative) She is fat. (negative)
She is anorexic. (medical) She is tubby. (negative)
She is underweight. (negative) She is overweight. (negative)
She is thin. (negative) She is plump. (neutral)
She is slim. (positive) She is stocky. (neutral)
She is slender. (positive) She is bonny. (positive)

Note - if a man is fat (especially round the waist) we often say he has a beer belly.

Hair

blonde/fair hair brown hair red hair black hair grey hair
blonde brunette redhead - -

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Eyes

grey eyes green eyes blue eyes brown eyes dark eyes

Note - This is a black eye!

Type of hair

She
She has He has no hair. = She has medium She has medium She has short
has short
long hair. He is bald. length hair. length hair. hair.
hair.
She has
She has She has medium She has medium She has short,
short, black -
long, black hair. length, blonde hair. length, red hair. blonde hair.
hair.
She has
She has long, She has medium She has medium She has short,
short,
straight, black - length, straight, length, wavy, red curly, blonde
straight,
hair. blonde hair. hair. hair.
black hair.
Her hair is
Her hair is long, Her hair is medium Her hair I smedium Her hair
short,
straight and - length, straight length, wavy and is short, curly
straight and
black. and blonde. red. and blonde.
black.
She wears glasses.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

Type of complexion

He is Asian. He has She is black. She has He is white. He She is white. She has She is white. She has
light-brown skin. dark skin. has fair skin. lightly tanned skin. very pale skin.

Other features

moustache beard chin forehead nostrils

eyebrows cheeks fringe lips teeth

Physical characteristics
tall alto / alta
slim elegante
fat gordo / gorda
well-built bem constituído / bem
constituída
overweight obeso / obesa
short baixo / baixa

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

medium height altura média


thin magro / magra
well-dressed bem vestido / bem vestida
smart esperto / esperta
good-looking bem parecido / bem parecida
attractive atraente
beautiful lindo / linda
pretty bonito / bonita
handsome elegante
ugly feio / feia
old velho / velha
young novo / nova
bald careca
bald-headed careca
beard a barba
moustache o bigode
long hair cabelo comprido
short hair cabelo curto
straight hair cabelo liso
curly hair cabelo encaracolado
fair-haired cabelo médio
Blond haired or blonde-haired cabelo loiro
dark-haired cabelo escuro
ginger-haired cabelo ruivo
blonde loiro / loira
brunette moreno / morena
redhead ruivo / ruiva

Emotional characteristics

confident confiante
sensitive sensitivo / sensitiva
calm calmo / calma

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

hot-headed temperamental
impulsive impulsivo / impulsiva
cheerful alegre
generous generoso / generosa
kind gentil
mean mau / má
crazy louco / louca
sensible sensível
serious sério / séria
honest honesto / honesta
good-humoured bem-humorado / bem-humorada
moody pessoa de temperamento instável
dishonest desonesto / desonesta
hard-working trabalhador
clever esperto / esperta
intelligent inteligente
arrogant arrogante
snobbish presunçoso / presunçosa
happy feliz
unhappy infeliz
stupid estúpido / estúpida
lazy preguiçoso / preguiçosa
outgoing pessoa que gosta de sair
cautious cauteloso / cautelosa
adventurous aventureiro / aventureira
shy tímido / tímida
introverted introvertido / introvertida
extroverted extrovertido / extrovertida
easy-going relaxado / relaxada
rude rude
bad-mannered mal-comportado
impolite malcriado / malcriada
emotional emotivo / emotiva
polite educado / educada
funny engraçado / engraçada
witty ajuizado / ajuizada

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

boring aborrecido / aborrecida


patient paciente
impatient impaciente
sophisticated sofisticado / sofisticada
cheeky insolente
friendly amigável
unfriendly pouco amigável
conceited conceituado / conceituada
brave corajoso / corajosa
cowardly cobarde
absent-minded aluado / aluada
talented talentoso / talentosa
modest modesto / modesta

ADJECTIVE ORDER
When we group adjectives together there is a general rule for the position of each type adjective, these are:

Opinion Size Age Shape Colour Material Origin Purpose


Nice Small Old Square Black Plastic British Racing
Ugly Big New Circular Blue Cotton American Running

eg: "She had a big, ugly, old, baggy, blue, cotton, British, sport bag."
You might swap opinion and fact adjectives depending on what you wish to emphasize:
eg: "She had a long, ugly nose." emphasizing the length of her nose.
"He was a silly, little man." emphasizing that the man was silly.

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

BODY PARTS
arm ankle mouth shoulder
eye buttocks nose forehead
eyebrow hair nostril waist
belly neck upper arm calf (plural: calves)
leg hand thigh cheek
breast wrist ear eyelash, lash
thumb hip bottom, bum tooth (plural: teeth)
elbow chin back toe
fist knee underarm, tongue
finger head toe armpit
foot (plural: feet) lip lower leg

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

THE TIME

a.m. stands for the Latin phrase Ante Meridiem, which means “before noon”.

p.m. stands for Post Meridiem, which means “after noon”.

Asking the time:

- What time is it?

- What is the time?

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

PREPOSITIONS OF TIME

In
utiliza-se antes de meses, anos, e partes do dia
▪ in December
▪ in 2021
▪ in the morning

On
utiliza-se antes dos dias da semana e de datas
▪ on Monday
▪ on 4th August

At
utiliza-se antes de horas e de certas expressões
▪ at eight o’clock
▪ at night

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

DAILY ROUTINE

Wake up Go home Get a coffee


Get up Go to the gym Go to a meeting
Have a shower Do the household tasks Walk the dog
Have a bath Watch TV Go camping
Brush the teeth Read a book Go fishing
Brush the hair Surf the web Go shopping
Get dressed Listen to music Go out for
. a drink
. dinner
Have breakfast Have dinner Visit friends
Start work Go for a walk Go to a concert/movie/ party

Finish work Go to the cinema Go to the beach / park


Go to work Have lunch Visit a museum
. by car . at the canteen Play computer games / sports
. by bus . at work
. by motorbike . at a restaurant
. by train . at home
. on foot
Go out with friends Go to bed / Sleep

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

MEALS, FOOD AND DRINKS

WAITER

Taking the order

• Greet your customer: “Good evening” “Hello!” “How


are you?” “Welcome to…”
• Ask what they would like: “May I take your order?”
“ What would you like to eat/order?”
”What will you have?”
“Here are the menu and the wine list”
“May I suggest”
“What would you like as a starter”

• Check orders: “You ordered …” “ You wanted …”


• Ask if the customer wants something else: “(Would you like) anything
else?”
“Will that be all?”
• Go and get the order.
• Deliver the order.

Bringing the check

• “Here’s the check”


• “Your bill is ready”
• “How are you going to pay?”

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

CUSTOMER/S

Ordering

• “I’d like …., please”


“I’ll have …., please”
“Yes, I’d like ….”
• “What’s today’s special?”

Being served

• If the waiter brings the wrong order:


“Sorry, I didn’t order …, I ordered …”

Asking for/ Paying the check

• “May I have the check, please?”


• If there is a mistake: “Excuse me. This isn’t right. It should be …”

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UFCD 6957 - Língua Inglesa – Informações acerca da vida quotidiana, compras, serviços e locais

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