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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

propriedade abandonada intencional e permanentemente,


property left behind intentionally and permanently when it
quando parece que o antigo proprietário não tem intenção de
appears that the former owner does not intend to come back,
retornar, tomar posse dela ou utilizá-la. Uma pessoa pode ter
pick it up, or use it. One may have abandoned the property of
abandonado a propriedade de direitos de contrato por não
contract rights by not doing what is required by the contract.
abandoned property propriedade abandonada fazer o que é exigido por contrato. No entanto, uma servidão
However, an easement and other land rights are not
e outros direitos de terra não são propriedade abandonada
abandoned property just because of nonuse. Abandoned land
apenas por falta de uso. Um terreno abandonado é definido
is defined as land not being used at the present time but that
como um terreno não utilizado no momento, mas que pode
may have utilities and infrastructure in place.
ter serviços públicos e infraestrutura instalados.

vegetação que não é nativa de determinada região, mas com


vegetation that is not native to a particular region but that has
características que a permitem viver na área. Plantas
adapted plant  characteristics that allow it to live in the area. Adapted plants plantas adaptadas
adaptadas não apresentam os mesmos problemas de espécies
do not pose the same problems as invasive species.
invasoras.

uma substância adicionada a um produto (por exemplo, tinta,


assoalho) para matar ou inibir o crescimento de micro-
a substance added to a product (e.g., paint, flooring) to kill
organismos. Alguns produtos, como linóleo, têm
or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Some products,
propriedades antimicrobianas naturais. Apesar da prática
such as linoleum, exhibit natural antimicrobial properties.
atual, a ciência não provou que tratamentos antimicrobianos
Despite current practice, science has not proven that
added antimicrobial agente antimicrobiano reduzem a transferência de infecção em acabamentos de
antimicrobial treatments reduce infection transfer in building
treatment adicionado construção com mais eficácia que os procedimentos de
finishes more effectively than standard cleaning procedures.
limpeza padrão. Também conhecido como agente
Also known as added microbial agent. See U.S. EPA
antimicrobiano adicionado. Consulte a ficha técnica da
factsheet, Consumer Products Treated with Pesticides
agência de proteção ambiental (EPA) dos EUA, Consumer
(www.epa.gov/pesticides factsheets/treatart.htm).
Products Treated with Pesticides (www.epa.gov/pesticides
factsheets/treatart.htm).

um terreno com continuidade de pelo menos 25% contínuos


a site having at least a continuous 25% of its boundary
de seus lotes limítrofes sendo terrenos previamente
bordering parcels that are previously developed sites. Only
desenvolvidos. São considerados apenas os lotes limítrofes,
adjacent site consider bordering parcels, not intervening rights-of-way. terreno adjacente
que não interferem em vias de passagem. Qualquer parte do
Any fraction of the boundary that borders a water body is
limite que faz fronteira com um curso de água é excluída do
excluded from the calculation.
cálculo.

U.S. Green Building Council 1 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

material diferente de terra colocado na superfície da face


material other than earthen material placed on the surface of
ativa de um aterro sanitário municipal de resíduos sólidos ao
the active face of a municipal solid waste landfill at the end
cobertura diária alternativa final de cada dia de operação para o controle de vetores,
alternative daily cover of each operating day to control vectors, fires, odors, blowing
(alternative daily cover incêndios, odores, sujeira levada pelo vento e catadores de
(ADC) litter, and scavenging. Generally these materials must be
(ADC) lixo. Geralmente, esses materiais devem ser processados para
processed so they do not allow gaps in the exposed landfill
que não haja espaços vazios na face exposta do aterro
face. (CalRecycle)
sanitário. (CalRecycle)

low-polluting, nongasoline fuels such as electricity, combustíveis pouco poluentes, sem utilização de gasolina,
alternative fuel hydrogen, propane, compressed natural gas, liquid natural combustível alternativo como eletricidade, hidrogênio, propano, gás natural
gas, methanol, and ethanol comprimido, gás natural líquido, metanol e etanol.

nonpotable water from other than public utilities, on-site água não potável que não venha de serviços públicos, fontes
surface sources, and subsurface natural freshwater sources. superficiais no local e fontes naturais subterrâneas de água
alternative water source Examples include graywater, on-site reclaimed water, fonte de água alternativa doce. Exemplos incluem água cinza, água recuperada no
collected rainwater, captured condensate, and rejected water local, água de chuva coletada, condensação capturada e água
from reverse osmosis systems (IgCC). rejeitada de sistemas de osmose inversa (IgCC).

a metric that describes the potential for visual discomfort in uma medição que descreve o potencial de desconforto visual
interior work environments. It is defined as the percentage of em ambientes de trabalho internos. É definida como a
annual sunlight exposure exposição anual à luz solar
an analysis area that exceeds a specified direct sunlight porcentagem de uma área de análise que excede determinado
(ASE) (ASE)
illuminance level more than a specified number of hours per nível de luminância por luz solar direta por mais que um
year. número específico de horas por ano.

uma parte integrada e não estrutural de um sistema de


a built-in, nonstructural portion of a roof system. Examples
telhado. Exemplos incluem claraboias, exaustores,
appurtenance include skylights, ventilators, mechanical equipment, acessório
equipamentos mecânicos, divisórias e painéis de energia
partitions, and solar energy panels.
solar.

reports the percentage of sensors in the analysis area, using a reporta a porcentagem de sensores na área da análise, com
maximum 2-foot spacing between points, that are found to be um espaçamento máximo de 2 pés (60 cm) entre pontos,
exposed to more than 1000 lux of direct sunlight for more expostos a mais de 1000 lux de luz solar direta por mais de
ASE1000,250 than 250 hours per year, before any operable blinds or shades ASE1000,250 250 horas por ano, antes do uso de cortinas e persianas para
are deployed to block sunlight, considering the same 10 bloquear a entrada de luz solar, considerando o mesmo
hour/day analysis period as sDA and using comparable período de análise de 10 horas/dia como sDA e utilizando
simulation methods métodos de simulação comparáveis

U.S. Green Building Council 2 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition


um produto formulado com diversos materiais (por exemplo,
a product formulated from multiple materials (e.g., concrete)
assembly montagem/conjunto concreto) ou formado por subcomponentes (por exemplo,
or a product made up of subcomponents (e.g., a workstation)
uma estação de trabalho)

the limits used by school districts to determine what school perímetro de frequência os limites usados por distritos escolares para determinar qual
attendance boundary
students attend based on where they live (escolar) escola um aluno frequenta com base no local de moradia

a produção de iluminação de lâmpadas de diodos emissores


the illumination output for light-emitting diode lamps, as
average LED intensity intensidade média do LED de luz conforme especificada pela norma 127-2007 da
specified in the International Commission on Illumination
(ALI) (ALI) Comissão Internacional de Iluminação (International
Standard 127–2007
Commission on Illumination).
materiais e produtos que formam o edifício ou estão
materials and products that make up the building or are
instalados de maneira permanente e semi-permanente no
base building permanently and semi-permanently installed in the project edifício base
projeto (por exemplo, pisos, armários, revestimentos de
(e.g., flooring, casework, wall coverings)
parede)
o custo anual de energia do projeto de um edifício, usado
baseline building the annual energy cost for a building design, used as a desempenho do edifício
como referência básica para comparação com projetos de alta
performance baseline for comparison with above-standard design baseline
qualidade

antes do início do projeto LEED, mas não necessariamente


before the LEED project was initiated, but not necessarily
antes de qualquer desenvolvimento ou distúrbio. As
before any development or disturbance took place. Baseline
condições do baseline descrevem o estado do terreno do
baseline condition conditions describe the state of the project site on the date the condição do baseline
projeto na data em que o incorporador adquiriu os direitos da
developer acquired rights to a majority of its buildable land
maior parte do terreno edificável através de compra ou opção
through purchase or option to purchase.
de compra.

uma projeção calculada do uso de água do edifício,


a calculated projection of building water use assuming code-
baseline water baseline do consumo de considerando equipamentos e acessórios em conformidade
compliant fixtures and fittings with no additional savings
consumption água com os códigos, sem economias adicionais em comparação
compared with the design case or actual water meter data
com o projeto proposto ou dados reais de medição de água

the information necessary to accomplish the owner’s project as informações necessárias para atender aos requisitos de
requirements, including system descriptions, indoor projeto do proprietário, incluindo descrições de sistemas,
basis of design (BOD) environmental quality criteria, design assumptions, and base do projeto (BOD) critérios de qualidade do ambiente interno, suposições do
references to applicable codes, standards, regulations, and projeto e referências a códigos, normas, regulamentos e
guidelines diretrizes aplicáveis

U.S. Green Building Council 3 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

uma rede contínua formada por qualquer combinação de 1)


a continuous network consisting of any combination of the caminhos ou trilhas para bicicletas fora das ruas, com pelo
following 1) off street bicycle paths or trails at least 8 feet menos 8 pés (2,5 metros) de largura para vias de mão dupla e
(2.5 meters) wide for a two-way path and at least 5 feet (1.5 pelo menos 5 pés (1,5 metro) de largura para vias de mão
bicycle network rede de bicicletas
meters) wide for a one-way path 2) physically designated on- única; 2) pistas fisicamente designadas para bicicletas nas
street bicycle lanes at least 5 feet (1.5 meters) wide 3) streets ruas, com pelo menos 5 pés (1,5 metro) de largura; 3) ruas
designed for a target speed of 25 mph (40 kmh) projetadas para uma velocidade esperada de 25 mph (40
km/h)

the distance that a bicyclist must travel between origins and


distância percorrida de a distância que um ciclista deve percorrer entre origens e
bicycling distance destinations, the entirety of which must be on a bicycle
bicicleta destinos, cuja totalidade deve ser em uma rede de bicicletas.
network.

commercial or industrial products (other than food or feed) produtos comerciais ou industriais (que não sejam alimentos
that are composed in whole, or in significant part, of ou pasto) compostos na totalidade ou em parte significativa
biological products, renewable agricultural materials por produtos biológicos, materiais agrícolas renováveis
bio-based material material biodegradável
(including plant, animal, and marine materials), or forestry (incluindo materiais vegetais, animais e marinhos) ou
materials. For the purposes of LEED, this excludes leather materiais de floresta. Para os fins do LEED, isso exclui couro
and other animal hides. e outras peles de animais.

água residuária contendo urina ou matéria fecal que deve ser


wastewater containing urine or fecal matter that should be
despejada no sistema de drenagem sanitária do edifício ou
discharged to the sanitary drainage system of the building or
instalações de acordo com o Código Internacional de
premises in accordance with the International Plumbing
Hidráulica (International Plumbing Code). A água residuária
blackwater Code. Wastewater from kitchen sinks (sometimes água negra
de pias de cozinha (às vezes diferenciada pelo uso combinado
differentiated by the use of a garbage disposal), showers, or
de um dispositivo de descarte de lixo), chuveiros e banheiras
bathtubs is considered blackwater under some state or local
é considerada água negra em alguns códigos estaduais e
codes.
municipais.

a remoção de água de reposição de uma torre de


the removal of makeup water from a cooling tower or
resfriamento ou sistema de recirculação de condensador
blowdown evaporative condenser recirculation system to reduce purga
evaporativo para reduzir as concentrações de sólidos
concentrations of dissolved solids
dissolvidos

real property or the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of imóvel cuja expansão, desenvolvimento ou reuso pode ser
brownfield which may be complicated by the presence or possible brownfield complicado pela presença ou possível presença de uma
presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. substância perigosa, um poluente ou um contaminante.

U.S. Green Building Council 4 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

um sistema de classificação de luminárias que classifica


a luminaire classification system that classifies luminaires in
luminárias quanto à iluminação por trás (ou retroiluminação),
terms of backlight (B), uplight (U), and glare (G) (taken from avaliação BUG (BUG
BUG rating iluminação para cima e ofuscamento (retirado do Model
IES/IDA Model Lighting Ordinance). BUG ratings supersede rating)
Lighting Ordinance da IES/IDA). As avaliações BUG
the former cutoff ratings.
prevalecem sobre as antigas avaliações cutoff.

the portion of the site where construction can occur,


a parte do terreno na qual pode haver construção, incluindo
including land voluntarily set aside and not constructed on.
terreno voluntariamente separado e não construído. Quando
buildable land When used in density calculations, buildable land excludes terreno edificável
usado em cálculos de densidade, o terreno edificável exclui
public rights-of-way and land excluded from development by
vias públicas e terreno excluído do desenvolvimento por lei.
codified law.

a structure’s primary and secondary weatherproofing system, os sistemas primário e secundário de impermeabilização de
including waterproofing membranes and air- and water- uma estrutura, incluindo membranas de impermeabilização e
building exterior exterior de edifícios
resistant barrier materials, and all building elements outside barreiras de materiais resistentes a ar e água, e todos os
that system elementos de construção fora do sistema

tudo dentro da membrana de impermeabilização de uma


building interior everything inside a structure’s weatherproofing membrane interior de edifícios
estrutura

um sistema de ônibus aprimorado que opera em pistas


an enhanced bus system that operates on exclusive bus lanes
sistema de onibus rápido exclusivas para ônibus ou outras vias de tráfego. O sistema é
bus rapid transit or other transit rights-of-way. The system is designed to
(BRT) projetado para combinar a flexibilidade dos ônibus com a
combine the flexibility of buses with the efficiency of rail.
eficácia dos trilhos.

a unit of carbon dioxide equivalent that is reduced, avoided, uma unidade de dióxido de carbono equivalente que é
carbon offset or sequestered to compensate for emissions occurring compensação de carbono reduzida, evitada ou isolada para compensar por emissões
elsewhere (World Resources Institute) que ocorrem em outro lugar (World Resources Institute)

um procedimento que rastreia um produto do ponto de coleta


a procedure that tracks a product from the point of harvest or
ou extração até seu uso final, incluindo todos os estágios
chain of custody (CoC) extraction to its end use, including all successive stages of cadeia de custódia (COC)
sucessivos de processamento, transformação, fabricação e
processing, transformation, manufacturing, and distribution
distribuição

uma reunião intensiva e entre múltiplas partes que reúne


an intensive, multiparty workshop that brings people from
pessoas que diferentes disciplinas e experiências para
charrette different disciplines and backgrounds together to explore, charrete
explorar, gerar e produzir opções de projeto de maneira
generate, and collaboratively produce design options
colaborativa

U.S. Green Building Council 5 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

a fluid, containing hydrocarbons, that absorbs heat from a um fluido, contendo hidrocarbonetos, que absorve calor de
chlorofluorocarbon reservoir at low temperatures and rejects heat at higher refrigerante à base de um reservatório em baixas temperaturas e rejeita o calor em
(CFC)-based refrigerant temperatures. When emitted into the atmosphere, CFCs cause clorofluorcarbono (CFC) temperaturas maiores. Quando liberados na atmosfera, CFCs
depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. provocam a destruição da camada de ozônio estratosférico.

o horário durante a manhã (amanhecer) ou tarde (anoitecer)


the point in time in the morning (dawn) or evening (dusk)
quando o centro do sol está geometricamente 6 graus abaixo
when the center of the sun is geometrically 6 degrees below
do horizonte. Com boas condições climáticas, o crepúsculo
the horizon. Under good weather conditions, civil twilight is
civil é o melhor horário para distinguir objetos terrestres com
civil twilight the best time to distinguish terrestrial objects clearly. Before crepúsculo civil
clareza. Antes do crepúsculo civil pela manhã e após o
civil twilight in the morning and after civil twilight in the
crepúsculo civil ao anoitecer, geralmente é necessária
evening, artificial illumination normally is required to carry
iluminação artificial para realizar atividades em áreas
on ordinary outdoor activities.
externas.

a space that is regularly occupied and used for educational um espaço regularmente ocupado e usado para atividades de
activities. In such space, the primary functions are teaching sala de aula ou espaço educação. Nesse espaço, as funções primárias são ensino e
classroom or core
and learning, and good speech communication is critical to fundamental de aprendizagem, e uma boa comunicação oral é fundamental
learning space
students’ academic achievement. (Adapted from ANSI aprendizagem para o sucesso acadêmico dos alunos. (Adaptado de ANSI
S12.60) S12.60)

nonhazardous materials left over from construction and materiais não perigosos restantes de construção e demolição.
clean waste resíduos limpos
demolition. Clean waste excludes lead and asbestos. Resíduos limpos não incluem chumbo e amianto.

vidro que é transparente e possibilita visualização através da


glass that is transparent and allows a view through the
clear glazing vidraça transparente fenestragem. Vidros difusos possibilitam apenas iluminação
fenestration. Diffused glazing allows only daylighting.
natural.

um sistema que funciona como dissipador de calor para


a system that acts as a heat sink for heat-rejecting building
equipamentos médicos e de construção circulando a água.
and medical equipment by recirculating water. Because the
resfriamento de ciclo Como a água fica vedada dentro do sistema, alguns sistemas
closed-loop cooling water is sealed within the system, some closed-loop cooling
fechado de resfriamento de ciclo fechado usam água não potável
systems use nonpotable water (such as recycled process water
(como água de processo reciclada coletada no condensado da
harvested from an air handler's cooling coil condensate).
bobina de resfriamento de uma unidade de tratamento de ar.)

U.S. Green Building Council 6 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

uma medição de 0 a 100 que determina a precisão com que


a measurement from 0 to 100 that indictes how accurately an
uma fonte de luz artificial, em comparação com uma lâmpada
artificial light source, as compared with an incandescent
incandescente, exibe matizes. Quanto maior o número do
light, displays hues. The higher the index number, the more
índice, maior a precisão da reprodução de cor da luz. A
accurately the light is rendering colors. Incandescent lighting
iluminação incandescente tem um índice de reprodução de
color rendering index has a color rendering index above 95; standard high-pressure índice de reprodução de cor
cor acima de 95; iluminação de sódio de alta pressão padrão
sodium lighting (such as orange-hued roadway lights)
(como luzes de rodovia de cor alaranjada) têm índices de
measures approximately 25; many fluorescent sources using
aproximadamente 25; diversas fontes fluorescentes que
rare earth phosphors have a color rendering index of 80 and
utilizam fósforos de terra rara têm índices de reprodução de
above. (Adapted from U.S. ENERGY STAR)
cor de 80 e acima. (Adaptado de U.S. ENERGY STAR)

combination oven water released from an oven that includes a steam cycle or descarga combinada do água liberada de um forno que inclui um ciclo ou opção de
discharge option forno vapor

an integrated system that captures the heat, otherwise um sistema integrado que captura o calor, que de outra forma
unused, generated by a single fuel source in the production of não seria usado, gerado por uma única fonte de combustível
combined heat and power cogeração
electrical power. Also known as cogeneration. (Adapted from na produção de energia elétrica. (Adaptado da Agência de
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) Proteção Ambiental (EPA) dos EUA)

building waste streams that are combined on the project site fluxos de resíduos do edifício que são combinados no terreno
commingled waste and hauled away for sorting into recyclable streams. Also resíduo misturado do projeto e transportados para classificação em fluxos
known as single-stream recycling. recicláveis. Também chamado de reciclagem de fluxo único.

the process of verifying and documenting that a building and o processo de verificar e documentar que um edifício e todos
all of its systems and assemblies are planned, designed, os seus sistemas e conjuntos são planejados, projetados,
commissioning (Cx) comissionamento (cx)
installed, tested, operated, and maintained to meet the instalados, testados, operados e mantidos de acordo com os
owner’s project requirements requisitos de projeto do proprietário

the individual designated to organize, lead, and review the a pessoa designada para organizar, conduzir e revisar a
completion of commissioning process activities. The CxA conclusão de atividades do processo de comissionamento. A
commissioning authority facilitates communication among the owner, designer, and autoridade de CxA facilita a comunicação entre o proprietário, o projetista e
(CxA) contractor to ensure that complex systems are installed and comissionamento o empreiteiro para garantir que sistemas complexos sejam
function in accordance with the owner’s project instalados e funcionem de acordo com os requisitos do
requirements. projeto do proprietário.

the measurement of the level of dissolved solids in water, a medição do nível de sólidos dissolvidos na água, utilizando
using the ability of an electric current to pass through water. a capacidade de uma corrente elétrica de passar pela água.
conductivity condutividade
Because it is affected by temperature, conductivity is Como é afetada pela temperatura, a condutividade é medida a
measured at 25°C for standardization. 25°C para padronização.

U.S. Green Building Council 7 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

a region’s most common system for providing water to o sistema mais comum em uma região para fornecer água a
plants by nonnatural means. A conventional irrigation system plantas por meios não naturais. Um sistema de irrigação
conventional irrigation irrigação convencional
commonly uses pressure to deliver water and distributes it convencional geralmente usa pressão para fornecer água e
through sprinkler heads above the ground. distribuí-la por meio de sprinklers acima do solo.

the water discharged from a cooling tower typically because a água liberada de uma torre de resfriamento, normalmente
increased salinity or alkalinity has caused scaling. Cooling purga da torre de porque uma maior salinidade ou alcalinidade provocou
cooling tower blowdown
tower blowdown may be too saline for use in landscape resfriamento escamação. A purga da torre de resfriamento pode estar
irrigation. salina demais para uso na irrigação de paisagismo.

analysis of a product’s partial life cycle, from resource análise do ciclo de vida parcial de um produto, da extração
extraction (cradle) to the factory gate (before it is transported do recurso (berço) ao portão da fábrica (antes do transporte
cradle-to-gate assessment avaliação "berço ao portão"
for distribution and sale). It omits the use and the disposal para distribuição e venda). Omite as fases de uso e descarte
phases of the product. do produto.

an officially designated geographic area that includes both uma área geográfica oficialmente designada que inclui
cultural and natural resources associated with a historic recursos naturais e culturais associados a um acontecimento,
cultural landscape paisagem cultural
event, activity, or person or that exhibits other significant atividade ou personalidade histórica ou que apresenta outros
cultural or aesthetic values valores culturais ou estéticos significativos

the implementation of the owner’s project requirements, a implementação dos requisitos do projeto do proprietário,
current facilities requisitos atuais das
developed to confirm the owner’s current operational needs desenvolvida para confirmar as necessidades e requisitos
requirements (CFR) instalações (CFR)
and requirements operacionais atuais do proprietário

uma área designada em um espaço de edifício ou uma


a designated area in a building space or a central facility that instalação central de tamanho definido e alocada para uma
is sized and allocated for a specific task, such as the tarefa específica, como a coleta de resíduos recicláveis.
collection of recyclable waste. Signage often indicates the Muitas vezes a sinalização indica o tipo de resíduos
type of recyclable waste stored there. Some waste streams, recicláveis armazenados. Alguns fluxos de resíduos, como
such as mercury-based light bulbs, sensitive paper lâmpadas à base de mercúrio, documentos confidenciais em
dedicated storage armazenamento dedicado
documents, biomedical waste, or batteries, may require papel, resíduos biomédicos ou baterias podem precisar de
particular handling or disposal methods. Consult the métodos de manuseio ou descarte específicos. Consulte os
municipality’s safe storage and disposal procedures or use procedimentos de armazenamento e descarte seguros do
guidelines posted on the U.S. Environmental Protection município ou siga as orientações publicadas no site da
Agency website, at www.epa.gov. Agência de Proteção Ambiental (EPA) dos EUA,
www.epa.gov.

U.S. Green Building Council 8 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

uma mudança no uso de eletricidade por recursos do lado de


a change in electricity use by demand-side resources from
demanda em relação aos padrões de consumo normais, em
their normal consumption patterns in response to changes in
resposta a mudanças no preço da eletricidade ou para
demand response (DR) the price of electricity or to incentive payments designed to resposta à demanda (DR)
incentivar pagamentos projetados para induzir um menor uso
induce lower electricity use at times of high wholesale
de eletricidade em épocas de alta de preços no mercado ou
market prices or when system reliability is jeopardized
quando a confiabilidade do sistema estiver prejudicada

um período de tempo específico em que o operador do


a specific period of time when the utility or independent
serviço público ou serviço independente solicita uma
demand response (DR) service operator calls for a change in the pattern or level of evento resposta à demanda
mudança no padrão ou nível de uso de eletricidade baseada
event use in grid-based electricity from its program participants. (DR)
na rede por parte dos participantes de seu programa. Também
Also known as a curtailment event.
chamado de evento de redução.

a temporary interior wall that can be easily reconfigured. In a uma parede interna temporária que pode ser reconfigurada
health care facility, acoustical concerns and embedded facilmente. Em uma unidade de saúde, preocupações com
demountable partition divisória desmontável
equipment, as in a surgery suite, may prevent demountable acústica e equipamentos embutidos, como em uma sala de
partitions from being used cirurgia, podem impedir o uso de divisórias desmontáveis.

an area with a design occupant density of 25 people or more espaço densamente uma área com densidade de ocupantes prevista de 25 pessoas
densely occupied space
per 1,000 square feet (93 square meters) ocupado ou mais por 1000 pés quadrados (93 metros quadrados)

uma medida da área de piso total do edifício ou unidades


a measure of the total building floor area or dwelling units
habitacionais em uma área do terreno em relação ao terreno
on a parcel of land relative to the buildable land of that
density densidade edificável da área em questão. As unidades de medida de
parcel. Units for measuring density may differ according to
densidade podem diferir de acordo com os requisitos do
credit requirements. Does not include structured parking.
crédito. A densidade não inclui estacionamento estruturado.

– a área de piso de um departamento de diagnóstico e


– the floor area of a diagnostic and treatment of clinical
tratamento clínico, calculada a partir da linha central das
department, calculated from the centerline of the walls área total do departamento
departmental gross area paredes que separam o departamento dos espaços adjacentes.
separating the department from adjacent spaces. Walls and (departmental gross square
(DGA) As paredes e o espaço de circulação dentro do departamento
circulations space within the department are included in the footage (DGSF))
são incluídos no cálculo. O cálculo exclui unidades de
calculation. This calculation excludes inpatient units.
internação de pacientes.

the total land area of a project site covered by buildings, a área total do terreno de um projeto coberta por edifícios,
área de projeção do
development footprint streets, parking areas, and other typically impermeable ruas, áreas de estacionamento e outra superfícies tipicamente
empreendimento
surfaces constructed as part of the project impermeáveis construídas como parte do projeto

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

a state in which two materials with different life spans make um estado no qual dois materiais com vidas úteis diferentes
up one complete component. If one material wears out and formam um componente completo. Se um material desgastar
differential durability durabilidade diferencial
cannot be separated and replaced, the entire product must be e não puder ser separado e substituído, todo o produto deve
thrown away. ser descartado.

uma forma de entrar em um espaço sem deixar o andar ou


a means of entering a space without having to leave the floor
passar pelo quarto de outro paciente, espaço dedicado à
or pass through another patient’s room, dedicated staff space,
equipe, espaço de serviços ou serviço público ou grande
direct access service or utility space, or major public space. Patients’ and acesso direto
espaço público. Corredores de circulação de pacientes e
public circulation corridors, common sitting areas, and
público, áreas de estar comuns e salas de espera podem fazer
waiting and day space may be part of a direct access route.
parte de uma rota de acesso direto.

an interior horizontal measurement of 1,000 lux or more of uma medição horizontal interna de 1000 lux ou mais de luz
direct beam sunlight that accounts for window transmittance solar direta que responde por transmitância de janela e efeitos
and angular effects, and excludes the effect of any operable angulares e exclui o efeito de qualquer persiana operável,
direct sunlight luz solar direta
blinds, with no contribution from reflected light (i.e., a zero sem contribuição da luz refletida (ou seja, análise de difusão
bounce analysis) and no contribution from the diffuse sky zero) e sem contribuição do componente de céu difuso
component (Adapted from IES) (Adaptado da IES)

uma unidade central de conversão de energia e um sistema


a central energy conversion plant and transmission and
de transmissão e distribuição que fornece energia térmica a
distribution system that provides thermal energy to a group of sistema de energia do
district energy system um grupo de edifícios (por exemplo, uma unidade de
buildings (e.g., a central cooling plant on a university distrito (DES) (District
(DES) resfriamento central em um campus universitário). Não inclui
campus). It does not include central energy systems that Energy Systems (DES)
sistemas centrais de energia que fornecem somente
provide only electricity.
eletricidade.

uma empresa ou organização distinta que fornece bens ou


a distinct business or organization that provides goods or
serviços destinados a atender as necessidades diárias e está
services intended to meet daily needs and is publicly
diverse use uso diverso publicamente disponível. Unidades automatizadas, como
available. Automated facilities such as ATMs or vending
caixas eletrônicos ou máquinas de vendas, não estão
machines are not included. For a full list, see the Appendix.
incluídas. Para uma lista completa, consulte o apêndice.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

the heating and cooling systems, equipment, and controls os sistemas de aquecimento e resfriamento, equipamentos e
located in the project building or on the project site and controles localizados no edifício ou terreno do projeto e
associated with transporting the thermal energy of the district associados ao transporte da energia térmica do sistema de
downstream equipment energy system (DES) into heated and cooled spaces. equipamento downstream energia do distrito (DES) para espaços aquecidos e
Downstream equipment includes the thermal connection or resfriados. Equipamentos a jusante incluem a conexão ou
interface with the DES, secondary distribution systems in the interface térmica com o DES, sistemas de distribuição
building, and terminal units. secundários no edifício e unidades térmicas.

produtos com vida útil de aproximadamente dois ou mais


products with a useful life of approximately two or more
anos e que não são substituídos com frequência. Exemplos
years and that are replaced infrequently. Examples include bens duráveis (durable
durable goods incluem móveis, equipamentos de escritório, utensílios,
furniture, office equipment, appliances, external power goods)
adaptadores de alimentação externa, televisores e
adapters, televisions, and audiovisual equipment.
equipamentos audiovisuais.

the flow of long-lasting products from the project building o fluxo de produtos de longa duração do edifício do projeto
after they are fully depreciated and have reached the end of depois que eles foram totalmente utilizados e chegaram ao
durable goods waste their useful life for normal business operations. It includes fluxo de resíduos de bens fim de sua vida útil para operações normais de negócios.
stream leased durable goods returned to their owner but does not duráveis Inclui bens duráveis alugados devolvidos ao proprietário, mas
include durable goods that remain functional and are moved não inclui bens duráveis que permanecem funcionais e são
to another floor or building. movidos para outro andar ou edifício.

the conductors, including the ungrounded, grounded, and os condutores, incluindo condutores não aterrados, aterrados
equipment grounding conductors, the electric vehicle e de aterramento de equipamentos, os conectores do veículo
connectors, attachment plugs, and all other fittings, devices, equipamento de elétrico, plugues de conexão e todas as outras conexões,
electric vehicle supply
power outlets or apparatuses installed specifically for the alimentação de veículo dispositivos, tomadas ou aparelhos instalados
equipment
purpose of delivering energy from the premises wiring to the elétrico especificamente para fornecer energia da fiação da área para
electric vehicle. (National Electric Codes and California o veículo elétrico. (Códigos Elétricos Nacionais e Artigo 625
Article 625) da Califórnia)

equipamentos de escritório (computadores, monitores,


discarded office equipment (computers, monitors, copiers,
copiadoras, impressoras, scanners, aparelhos de fax),
printers, scanners, fax machines), appliances (refrigerators,
electronic waste resíduo eletrônico eletrodomésticos (geladeiras, lava-louças, bebedouros),
dishwashers, water coolers), external power adapters, and
adaptadores de energia externa, televisores e outros
televisions and other audiovisual equipment
equipamentos de áudio e vídeo descartados

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

mercury in its purest form (rather than a mercury-containing mercúrio em sua forma mais pura (em vez de um composto
elemental mercury compound), the vapor of which is commonly used in elemento mercúrio contendo mercúrio), cujo vapor é frequentemente usado em
fluorescent and other bulb types lâmpadas fluorescentes e de outros tipos

uma luminária que funciona somente em condições de


a luminaire that operates only during emergency conditions
emergency lighting iluminação de emergência emergência e fica sempre desligada durante a operação
and is always off during normal building operation
normal do edifício

a nonresidential area of at least 5 acres (2 hectares) with a uma área não residencial de pelo menos 5 acres (2 hectares)
central de empregos
employment center job density of at least 50 employees per net acre (at least 125 com densidade de empregos de pelo menos 50 funcionários
(employment center)
employees per hectare net) por acre (125 funcionários por hectare).

as partes externas e semi-externas do edifício. A parte


the exterior plus semi-exterior portions of the building. externa é formada pelos elementos de um edifício que
Exterior consists of the elements of a building that separate separam espaços condicionados da área externa (ou seja,
conditioned spaces from the outside (i.e., the wall assembly). conjunto de paredes). Partes semi-externas são os elementos
Semiexterior consists of the elements of a building that de um edifício que separam espaços condicionados de
enclosure recinto
separate conditioned space from unconditioned space or that espaços não condicionados ou que encerram espaços semi-
encloses semi-heated space through which thermal energy aquecidos através dos quais a energia térmica pode ser
may be transferred to or from the exterior or conditioned or transferida de ou para a área externa ou espaços
unconditioned spaces (e.g., attic, crawl space, basement). condicionados ou não condicionados (por exemplo, ático,
área para rastejar, porão).

a designation that allows an outside entity, such as USGBC, uma designação que permite a uma entidade externa, como o
to access water and energy usage information that a building prestadora de serviços de USGBC, acessar informações de uso de água e energia que
energy service provider
management team maintains with ENERGY STAR Portfolio energia uma equipe de gestão do edifício mantém com o ENERGY
Manager or a similar tool STAR Portfolio Manager ou uma ferramenta semelhante

a substance designed at the molecular (nanometer) level. uma substância projetada no nível molecular (nanômetro).
Because of its small size, it has novel properties generally not Devido a seu tamanho reduzido, ela tem propriedades que
seen in its conventional bulk counterpart. See the Australian geralmente não são vistas no volume convencional. Consulte
engineered nanomaterial National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment nanomaterial projetado o Australian National Industrial Chemicals Notification and
Scheme, Assessment Scheme,
nicnas.gov.au/publications/information_sheets/general_infor nicnas.gov.au/publications/information_sheets/general_infor
mation_sheets/nis_nanomaterials_pdf.pdf. mation_sheets/nis_nanomaterials_pdf.pdf.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

a statement that the item meets the environmental uma declaração de que o item atende aos requisitos
environmental product declaração ambiental de
requirements of ISO 14021–1999, ISO 14025–2006 and EN ambientais da ISO 14021–1999, ISO 14025–2006 e EN
declaration produto
15804, or ISO 21930–2007 15804 ou ISO 21930–2007

the combination of evaporation and plant transpiration into a combinação de evaporação e transpiração de plantas na
the atmosphere. Evaporation occurs when liquid water from atmosfera. A evaporação ocorre quando água líquida do solo,
evapotranspiration soil, plant surfaces, or water bodies becomes vapor. evapotranspiração superfícies de plantas ou cursos de água se transforma em
Transpiration is the movement of water through a plant and vapor. A transpiração é o movimento da água através de uma
the subsequent loss of water vapor. planta e a subsequente perda de vapor de água.

medidas feitas pelo fabricante de um produto para aceitar seu


measures undertaken by the maker of a product to accept its
próprio produto e, às vezes, produtos de outros fabricantes
own and sometimes other manufacturers’ products as
como resíduo pós-consumo ao fim da vida útil do produto.
postconsumer waste at the end of the products’ useful life.
Produtores recuperam e reciclam os materiais para uso em
Producers recover and recycle the materials for use in new
extended producer responsabilidade estendida novos produtos do mesmo tipo. Para ser válido para a
products of the same type. To count toward credit
responsibility do produtor conformidade do crédito, um programa deve estar
compliance, a program must be widely available. For carpet,
amplamente disponível. Para carpetes, a responsabilidade
extended producer responsibility must be consistent with
estendida do produtor deve ser consistente com a NSF/ANSI
NSF/ANSI 140–2007. Also known as closed-loop program or
140–2007. Também chamada de programa de ciclo fechado
product take-back.
ou coleta de produto.

um telhado coberto com plantas e tipicamente não projetado


a roof that is covered with plants and typically not designed para acesso geral. Geralmente, um sistema extensivo é um
for general access. Usually an extensive system is a rugged telhado verde reforçado que requer pouca manutenção depois
green roof that requires little maintenance once established. da implementação. O meio de plantação em telhados com
telhado com cobertura
extensive vegetated roof The planting medium in extensive vegetated roofs ranges cobertura verde extensiva tem entre 1 e 6 polegadas (25 e 150
verde extensiva
from 1 to 6 inches in depth. (Adapted from U.S. EPA) mm) de profundidade. (Adaptado da EPA dos EUA) área
exterior vegetated surface area the total area of vegetation on externa de superfície vegetada a área total de vegetação no
the project site, including vegetated roofs and turf grass terreno do projeto, incluindo telhados com cobertura verde e
gramados

a device installed on the outside of a water pipe to record the um dispositivo instalado na parte externa de um tubo de água
external meter volume of water passing through it. Also known as a clamp- medidor externo para registrar o volume de água que passa por ele. Também
on meter. chamado de medidor fixo.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

a densidade de uso de terreno não residencial, exceto


the density of nonresidential land use, exclusive of parking,
estacionamentos, medida como a área de piso total do
measured as the total nonresidential building floor
edifício não residencial dividida pela área total de terreno
area divided by the total buildable land area available for
edificável disponível para estruturas não residenciais. Por
nonresidential structures. For example, on a site with 10,000 coeficiente de
exemplo, em um terreno com 10 000 pés quadrados (930
square feet (930 square meters) of buildable land area, an aproveitamento (CA) ou
floor-area ratio (FAR) metros quadrados) de terreno edificável, um CA de 1,0 seria
FAR of 1.0 would be 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) índice de aproveitamento
10 000 pés quadrados (930 metros quadrados) de área de piso
of building floor area. On the same site, an FAR of 1.5 would (IA)
do edifício. No mesmo terreno, um CA de 1,5 seria 15 000
be 15,000 square feet (1395 square meters), an FAR of 2.0
pés quadrados (1395 metros quadrados), um CA de 2,0 seria
would be 20,000 square feet (1860 square meters), and an
20 000 pés quadrados (1860 metros quadrados) e um CA de
FAR of 0.5 would be 5,000 square feet (465 square meters).
0,5 seria 5000 pés quadrados (465 metros quadrados).

the water discharged from a subsurface drainage system. If a a água liberada de um sistema de drenagem subterrâneo. Se a
building foundation is below the water table, a sump pump fundação de um edifício ficar abaixo do lençol de água, uma
foundation drain drenagem de fundação
may be required. Discharge from the sump may be stored and bomba pode ser necessária. A descarga do reservatório pode
used for irrigation. ser armazenada e usada para irrigação.

um conjunto de negócios relacionados ao transporte de


a cluster of freight-related businesses that include intermodal
cargas que incluem operações de transferência
transfer operations. Freight villages may offer logistics
intermodais. Terminais intermodais de cargas podem oferecer
services, integrated distribution, warehousing capabilities,
serviços de logística, distribuição integrada, capacidades de
showrooms, and support services. Such support services may terminal intermodal de
freight village armazenamento, showrooms e serviços de apoio. Os serviços
include security, maintenance, mail, banking, customs and cargas
de apoio podem incluir segurança, manutenção, correio,
import management assistance, cafeterias, restaurants, office
bancos, alfândega e auxílio à gestão de importações,
space, conference rooms, hotels, and public or activity center
cafeterias, restaurantes, escritórios, salas de conferências,
transportation.
hotéis e transporte para centros públicos ou de atividades.

uma abertura do edifício projetada para ser usada por


a building opening designed to be used by pedestrians and
pedestres e ficar aberta durante o horário comercial normal.
open during regular business hours. It does not include any
functional entry entrada funcional Não inclui nenhuma porta projetada exclusivamente como
door exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage
saída de emergência ou portas de garagem não designadas
door not designed as a pedestrian entrance.
como entradas para pedestres.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

os móveis independentes comprados para o projeto,


the stand-alone furniture items purchased for the project,
incluindo assentos individuais e para grupos; estações de
including individual and group seating; open-plan and
trabalho de plano aberto e fechadas; escrivaninhas e mesas;
private-office workstations; desks and tables; storage units,
unidades de armazenamento, gabinetes, prateleiras, armários,
credenzas, bookshelves, filing cabinets, and other case goods;
entre outros; produtos de exibição/visualização montados em
wall-mounted visual-display products (e.g., marker boards
parede (por exemplo, quadros brancos e quadros de aviso,
and tack boards, excluding electronic displays); and
furniture and furnishings móveis e acessórios exceto monitores eletrônicos); e itens diversos, como
miscellaneous items, such as easels, mobile carts,
cavaletes, carrinhos móveis, telas independentes, tecidos
freestanding screens, installed fabrics, and movable
instalados e divisórias móveis. Móveis de hospitalidade são
partitions. Hospitality furniture is included as applicable to
incluídos conforme for aplicável ao projeto. Acessórios de
the project. Office accessories, such as desktop blotters, trays,
escritório, como borradores de mesa, bandejas, porta-fitas,
tape dispensers, waste baskets, and all electrical items, such
cestos de lixo e todos os itens elétricos, como iluminação e
as lighting and small appliances, are excluded.
pequenos aparelhos eletrônicos, são excluídos.

medição usada para comunicar quantas gramas de emissões


metric used to communicate how many grams of emissions
grams per brake gramas de contaminantes (por exemplo, óxido de nitrogênio ou matéria particulada)
(e.g., nitrogen oxide or particulate matter) are emitted by an
horsepower hour por potência de freio hora são emitidas por um motor de determinada potência nominal
engine of a specific horsepower rating over a one-hour period
ao longo de uma hora

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

"água residuária domiciliar não tratada que não entrou em


“untreated household waste water which has not come into
contato com resíduos sanitários. Água cinza inclui água
contact with toilet waste. Graywater includes used water
usada proveniente de banheiras, chuveiros e pias de banheiro,
from bathtubs, showers, bathroom wash basins, and water
bem como água proveniente de máquinas e tanques de lavar
from clothes-washers and laundry tubs. It must not include
roupas. Não se deve incluir a água residuária de pias de
waste water from kitchen sinks or dishwashers” (Uniform
cozinha ou lava-louças" (Código Uniforme de Hidráulica,
Plumbing Code, Appendix G, Gray Water Systems for
Apêndice G, Sistemas de Água Cinza para Residências de
Single-Family Dwellings); “waste water discharged from
Uma Única Família); "água residuária de pias de banheiro,
graywater lavatories, bathtubs, showers, clothes washers and laundry água cinza
banheiras, chuveiros, máquinas e tanques de lavar roupas
sinks” (International Plumbing Code, Appendix C, Gray
(Código Internacional de Hidráulica, Apêndice C, Sistemas
Water Recycling Systems). Some states and local authorities
de Reciclagem de Água Cinza). Alguns estados e autoridades
allow kitchen sink wastewater to be included in graywater.
locais permitem que a água residuária de pias da cozinha seja
Other differences can likely be found in state and local codes.
incluída como água cinza. Pode haver outras diferenças em
Project teams should comply with the graywater definition
códigos estaduais e locais. As equipes de projeto devem
established by the authority having jurisdiction in the project
obedecer a definição de água cinza estabelecida pela
area.
autoridade com jurisdição na área do projeto.

a soil- and vegetation-based approach to wet weather um método baseado em solo e vegetação para a gestão de
management that is cost-effective, sustainable, and climas úmidos que é econômico, sustentável e ecológico.
environmentally friendly. Green infrastructure management Métodos e tecnologias de gestão de infraestrutura verde
green infrastructure approaches and technologies infiltrate, evapotranspire, Infraestrutura Verde infiltram, evapotranspiram, capturam e reutilizam água
capture and reuse stormwater to maintain or restore natural pluvial para manter ou recuperar hidrologias naturais.
hydrologies. (Adapted from U.S. Environmental Protection (Adaptado da Agência de Proteção Ambiental (EPA) dos
Agency) EUA)

um subconjunto de energia renovável composto por


a subset of renewable energy composed of grid-based
green power energia verde eletricidade baseada em rede produzida a partir de fontes
electricity produced from renewable energy sources
renováveis de energia

veículos com uma pontuação verde mínima de 45 no guia


vehicles achieving a minimum green score of 45 on the
anual de classificação veicular do Conselho para uma
American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy
green vehicles veículos verdes Economia com Eficiência Energética dos EUA (American
(ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide (or a local equivalent
Council for an Energy Efficient Economy - ACEEE) (ou um
for projects outside the U.S.).
equivalente local para projetos fora dos EUA).

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

area that is not previously developed, graded or disturbed, área não previamente desenvolvida, aplainada ou modificada
greenfield greenfield
and could support open space, habitat, or natural hydrology que pode suportar espaço aberto, habitat ou hidrologia natural

the inanimate elements of the building landscaping. It os elementos inanimados do paisagismo do edifício. Inclui
includes pavement, roadways, stonewalls, wood and pavimentação, rodovias, muros de pedra, plataformas de
hardscape hardscape
synthetic decking, concrete paths and sidewalks, and madeira e sintéticas, passeios e calçadas de concreto e pátios
concrete, brick, and tile patios. revestidos com concreto, tijolos e ladrilhos.

any item or agent (biological, chemical, physical) that has qualquer item ou agente (biológico, químico, físico) que tem
the potential to cause harm to humans, animals, or the potencial nocivo para seres humanos, animais ou o meio
hazardous material material perigoso
environment, either by itself or through interaction with other ambiente, pelo próprio item/agente ou através de interação
factors com outros fatores

the thermal absorption by hardscape, such as dark, a absorção térmica por hardscape, como pavimentação e
nonreflective pavement and buildings, and its subsequent edifícios escuros e não reflexivos, e a subsequente radiação
radiation to surrounding areas. Other contributing factors para áreas adjacentes. Outros fatores que contribuem podem
heat island effect efeito ilha de calor
may include vehicle exhaust, air-conditioners, and street incluir o escape de veículos, condicionadores de ar e
equipment. Tall buildings and narrow streets reduce airflow equipamentos urbanos. Edifícios altos e ruas estreitas
and exacerbate the effect. reduzem o fluxo de ar e aumentam o efeito.

a transportation thoroughfare intended for motor vehicles uma via de transporte destinada a veículos automotores com
with limited access points, prohibitions on human-powered pontos de acesso limitados, proibições para veículos
highway rodovia
vehicles, and higher speeds than local roads. A highway acionados por seres humanos e velocidades maiores que as de
generally connects cities and towns. estradas locais. Geralmente, rodovias conectam cidades.

a building or structure with historic, architectural, um edifício ou estrutura com importância histórica,
engineering, archeological, or cultural significance that is arquitetônica, de engenharia, arqueológica ou cultural, listado
listed or determined to be eligible as a historic structure or ou determinado para ser elegível como estrutura ou edifício
building, or as a contributing building or structure in a histórico ou como edifício ou estrutura que contribui para um
designated historic district. The historic designation must be distrito histórico designado. A designação histórica pode ser
historic building edifício histórico
made by a local historic preservation review board or similar feita por uma junta de revisão de preservação histórica local
body, and the structure must be listed in a state register of ou órgão semelhante, e a estrutura deve estar listada em um
historic places, be listed in the National Register of Historic registro estadual de locais históricos, no Registro Nacional de
Places (or a local equivalent outside the U.S.), or have been Locais Históricos (ou equivalente local fora dos EUA) ou ter
determined eligible for listing. sido determinada como elegível para listagem.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition


a group of buildings, structures, objects, and sites that have um grupo de edifícios, estruturas, objetos e terrenos que
been designated or determined to be eligible as historically foram designados ou determinados para serem elegíveis
historic district and architecturally significant, and categorized as either bairro histórico como tendo importância histórica e arquitetônica e
contributing or noncontributing to the historic nature of the classificados como contribuintes ou não contribuintes para a
district natureza histórica do distrito.

an item that consists of only one material throughout or a um item formado apenas por um material ou por uma
homogeneous material combination of multiple materials that cannot be material homogêneo combinação de múltiplos materiais que não pode ser
mechanically disjointed, excluding surface coatings mecanicamente desfeita, exceto revestimentos de superfícies

hydrozone a group of plantings with similar water needs zona hídrica um grupo de plantas com necessidades hídricas semelhantes

a densidade de fluxo luminoso incidente sobre um elemento


the incident luminous flux density on a differential element
diferencial de superfície localizado em um ponto e orientado
of surface located at a point and oriented in a particular
para uma direção específica, indicada em lúmens por área de
direction, expressed in lumens per unit area. Since the area
unidade. Como a área envolvida é diferencial, é comum a
involved is differential, it is customary to refer to this as
referência a isso como luminância em um ponto. O nome da
illuminance at a point. The unit name depends on the unit of
unidade depende da unidade de medida de área: pés-vela, se
illuminance measurement for area: footcandles if square feet are used for luminância
pés quadrados forem usados para área, e lux, se metros
area, and lux if square meters are used. (Adapted from IES)
quadrados forem usados. (Adaptado da IES) Em termos
In lay terms, illuminance is a measurement of light striking a
gerais, luminância é uma medição da luz que atinge uma
surface. It is expressed in footcandles in the U.S. (based on
superfície. Ela é indicada em pés-vela nos EUA (com base
square feet) and in lux in most other countries (based on
em pés quadrados) e em lux na maioria dos outros países
square meters).
(com base em metros quadrados).

uma área de terra modificada por desenvolvimento e


an area of ground that development and building have
construção de forma que a precipitação não pode se infiltrar
modified in such a way that precipitation cannot infiltrate
pelo solo. Exemplos de superfícies impermeáveis incluem
impervious surface downward through the soil. Examples of impervious surfaces superfícies impermeáveis
telhados, estradas pavimentadas e áreas de estacionamento,
include roofs, paved roads and parking areas, sidewalks, and
calçadas e solos que foram compactados intencionalmente ou
soils that have been compacted either by design or by use.
por uso.

uma área na qual o ocupante realiza diferentes tarefas.


an area where an occupant performs distinct tasks. Individual
espaço individual do Espaços individuais de ocupantes podem ficar dentro de
individual occupant space occupant spaces may be within multioccupant spaces and
ocupante espaços para múltiplos ocupantes e devem ser tratados
should be treated separately where possible.
separadamente quando possível.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

any water discharged from a factory setting. Before this qualquer água liberada por uma fábrica. Antes que a água
water can be used for irrigation, its quality needs to be possa ser usada para irrigação, sua qualidade precisa ser
industrial process water água de processo industrial
checked. Saline or corrosive water should not be used for verificada. Não se deve usar água salina ou corrosiva para
irrigation. irrigação.

a site where at least 75% of the land area, exclusive of um terreno em que pelo menos 75% da área de superfície,
rights-of-way, within ½ mile (800 meters) of the project exceto por vias de tráfego, a menos de 0,5 milha (800 metros)
boundary is previously developed. A street or other right-of- terreno urbano vazio (infill do limite do projeto é previamente desenvolvida. Uma rua ou
infill site
way does not constitute previously developed land; it is the site) outra via de tráfego não constitui terreno previamente
status of property on the other side of right-of-way or the desenvolvido; é o status da propriedade no outro lado da via
street that matters. de tráfego ou rua que importa.

(HVAC) uncontrolled inward air leakage to conditioned (HVAC) vazamento descontrolado de ar entrando em
spaces through unintentional openings in ceilings, floors, and espaços condicionados através de aberturas não intencionais
infiltration walls from unconditioned spaces or the outdoors caused by infiltração em tetos, pisos e paredes de espaços não condicionados ou
the same pressure differences that induce exfiltration. áreas externas, causado pelas mesmas diferenças de pressão
(ASHRAE 62.1–2010) que induzem exfiltração. (ASHRAE 62,1-2010)

um valor entre 0 e 1 (ou 0% e 100%) que indica a


a value between 0 and 1 (or 0% and 100%) that indicates the
capacidade de um material de refletir radiação infravermelha
ability of a material to shed infrared radiation (heat). A cool
(calor). Um telhado frio deve ter uma emitância térmica alta.
roof should have a high thermal emittance. The wavelength
A escala de comprimento de onda para energia radiante é
range for radiant energy is roughly 5 to 40 micrometers. Most
aproximadamente 5 a 40 micrômetros. A maioria dos
building materials (including glass) are opaque in this part of
infrared (thermal) emitância infravermelha materiais de construção (incluindo vidro) é opaca nessa parte
the spectrum and have an emittance of roughly 0.9, or 90%.
emittance  (ou térmica) do espectro e tem uma emitância de aprox. 0,9 ou 90%.
Clean, bare metals, such as untarnished galvanized steel,
Materiais limpos e lisos, como aço galvanizado sem
have a low emittance and are the most important exceptions
manchas, têm baixa emitância e são as exceções mais
to the 0.9 rule. In contrast, aluminum roof coatings have
importantes à regra dos 0,9. Em contraste, revestimentos de
intermediate emittance levels. (Adapted from Lawrence
telhado em alumínio têm níveis de emitância intermediários.
Berkeley National Laboratory)
(Adaptado do Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)

an individual admitted to a medical, surgical, maternity, uma pessoa admitida em uma unidade médica, cirúrgica, de
inpatient specialty, or intensive-care unit for a length of stay exceeding paciente maternidade, especialidade ou tratamento intensivo por um
23 hours tempo de permanência maior que 23 horas

qualquer unidade médica, cirúrgica, de maternidade,


any medical, surgical, maternity, specialty, or intensive-care
inpatient unit unidade de internação especialidade ou tratamento intensivo na qual uma pessoa
unit where an individual receives care for more than 23 hours
recebe tratamento por mais de 23 horas

U.S. Green Building Council 19 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

um sistema de transmissão de informações que não pode ser


an information conveyance system that cannot be easily
removido facilmente. Para móveis, a rotulagem pode incluir
removed. For furniture, such labeling may include radio
identificação por radiofrequência, gravação, gravação em
integral labeling frequency identification, engraving, embossing, or other rotulagem plena
relevo ou outra marcação permanente contendo informações
permanent marking containing information on material
sobre a origem do material, suas propriedades e a data de
origin, properties, and date of manufacture.
fabricação.

a method of pest management that protects human health and um método de controle de pragas que protege a saúde
integrated pest controle integrado de
the surrounding environment, and improves economic returns humana e o ambiente adjacente e aumenta os retornos
management pragas
through the most effective, least-risk option econômicos com a opção mais eficaz e de menor risco

an approach that involves people, systems, and business um método que envolve pessoas, sistemas e práticas e
structures (contractual and legal agreements) and practices. estruturas (acordos legais e contratuais) de negócios. O
The process harnesses the talents and insights of all processo reúne os talentos e opiniões de todos os
integrated project
participants to improve results, increase value to the owner, entrega de projeto integrado participantes para melhorar os resultados, aumentar o valor
delivery
reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phases of para o proprietário, reduzir resíduos e maximizar a eficiência
design, fabrication, and construction. (Adapted from em todas as fases de projeto, fabricação e construção.
American Institute of Architects) (Adaptado do American Institute of Architects)

um telhado que, comparado com um telhado com cobertura


a roof that, compared with an extensive vegetated roof, has
verde extensiva, tem maior volume de solo, suporta uma
greater soil volume, supports a wider variety of plants
maior variedade de plantas (incluindo arbustos e árvores) e
(including shrubs and trees), and allows a wider variety of
permite uma maior variedade de usos (incluindo acesso de
uses (including human access). The depth of the growing telhado com cobertura
intensive vegetated roof pessoas). A profundidade do meio de plantação é um fator
medium is an important factor in determining habitat value. verde intensiva
importante para determinar o valor do habitat. As plantas
The native or adapted plants selected for the roof should
nativas ou adaptadas selecionadas para o telhado devem
support the site’s endemic wildlife populations. (Adapted
suportar a vida animal endêmica do terreno. (Adaptado de
from Green Roofs for Healthy Cities)
Green Roofs for Healthy Cities)

todas as camadas aplicadas sobre um assoalho ou escadas


all the layers applied over a finished subfloor or stairs,
terminadas, incluindo pisos e espelhos de degraus, rampas e
including stair treads and risers, ramps, and other walking
outras superfícies para caminhar. O acabamento interno
surfaces. Interior finish excludes building structural
interior floor finish acabamento do piso interno exclui membros estruturais do edifício, como vigas, asnas,
members, such as beams, trusses, studs, or subfloors, or
caibros, assoalhos ou itens semelhantes. O acabamento
similar items. Interior finish also excludes nonfull spread wet
interno também exclui revestimentos úmidos ou adesivos que
coatings or adhesives.
não ocupem todo o piso.

U.S. Green Building Council 20 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

all the layers comprising the exposed interior surfaces of todas as camadas que abrangem as superfícies internas
buildings, including fixed walls, fixed partitions, columns, expostas de edifícios, incluindo paredes fixas, divisórias
interior wall and ceiling exposed ceilings, and interior wainscoting, paneling, interior acabamento de parede fixas, colunas, tetos expostos e lambris internos, painéis,
finish trim or other finish applied mechanically or for decoration, interna e teto acabamento interno ou outro acabamento aplicado
acoustical correction, surface fire resistance, or similar mecanicamente ou para decoração, correção acústica,
purposes resistência da superfície a chamas ou com fins semelhantes

a venue for the movement of goods in a single loading unit um local para movimentação de mercadorias em uma
or road vehicle that uses successively two or more modes of unidade de carga única ou veículo rodoviário que utilize
intermodal facility instalação intermodal
transportation without the need to handle the goods sucessivamente dois ou mais modos de transporte sem a
themselves necessidade de manusear as mercadorias

nonnative vegetation that has been introduced to an area and vegetação não nativa que foi introduzida em uma área e que
that aggressively adapts and reproduces. The plant’s vigor se adapta e se reproduz agressivamente. O vigor da planta,
invasive plant combined with a lack of natural enemies often leads to planta invasora combinado a uma falta de inimigos naturais, costuma levar a
outbreak populations. (Adapted from U.S. Department of surtos de população. (Adaptado do Departamento de
Agriculture) Agricultura dos EUA)

electricity consumption by information technology and consumo de eletricidade de equipamentos de tecnologia da


IT annual energy telecom equipment which includes servers, networking, and energia anual da TI informação e telecomunicações, incluindo servidores, redes e
storage equipment over the course of a year equipamentos de armazenamento, ao longo de um ano

um dispositivo que emite luz em um aparelho de iluminação,


a device emitting light in a fixture, excluding lamp housing
exceto o envoltório da lâmpada e lastros. Diodos emissores
lamp and ballasts. Light-emitting diodes packaged as traditional lâmpada
de luz acondicionados como lâmpadas tradicionais também
lamps also meet this definition.
correspondem a essa definição.

a vida útil operacional de uma fonte de luz artificial, como


the useful span of operation of a source of artificial light,
lâmpadas. A vida útil de lâmpadas fluorescentes é
such as bulbs. Lamp life for fluorescent lights is determined
determinada com um teste que deixa a lâmpada acesa por três
by testing three hours on for every 20 minutes off. For high-
horas para cada 20 minutos de lâmpada apagada. Para
density discharge lamps, the test is based on 11 hours on for
lamp life vida útil da lâmpada lâmpadas de descarga de alta densidade, o teste deixa a
every 20 minutes off. Lamp life depends on whether the start
lâmpada acesa por 11 horas para cada 20 minutos de lâmpada
ballast is program or instant. This information is published in
apagada. A vida útil da lâmpada depende de o lastro ser
manufacturers’ information. Also known as rated average
programado ou instantâneo. Essa informação é fornecida pelo
life.
fabricante. Também chamada de vida útil média nominal.

U.S. Green Building Council 21 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

a private, nonprofit organization that, as all or part of its uma organização privada sem fins lucrativos que, como toda
mission, actively works to conserve land by undertaking or ou parte de sua missão, trabalha ativamente para preservar a
land trust assisting in conservation easement or land acquisition, or by land trust terra realizando ou auxiliando em servidão ambiental ou
its stewardship of such land or easements (Adapted from aquisição de terras, ou por sua responsabilidade sobre tais
Land Trust Alliance) terras ou servidões (Adaptado da Land Trust Alliance)

materiais que são naturais (por exemplo, rocha, solo, pedras,


materials that are natural (e.g., rock, soil, stone, vegetation).
land-clearing debris and entulho e solo provenientes vegetação). Materiais que são artificiais (por exemplo,
Materials that are man-made (e.g., concrete, brick, cement)
soil da limpeza de terrenos concreto, tijolos, cimento) são considerados resíduos de
are considered construction waste even if they were on site.
construção mesmo se já estavam no terreno.

landscape water the amount of water that the site landscape area(s) requires requisitos de água do a quantidade de água que a(s) área(s) de paisagismo
requirement (LWR) for the site’s peak watering month paisagismo (LWR) precisa(m) no mês com pico de irrigação do terreno

um rótulo, definido por regulamentações da EPA dos EUA


a label, defined by U.S. EPA regulations under the Safe de acordo com a lei para segurança da água potável (Safe
lead-free Drinking Water Act, that allows small amounts of lead in sem chumbo Drinking Water Act), que permite pequenas quantidades de
solders, flux, pipes, pipe fittings, and well pumps chumbo em soldas, fundentes, tubos, conexões e bombas de
poços

um pesticida registrado na Classe III (menor toxicidade) do


sistema de classificação de riscos de São Francisco (San
a registered pesticide in the Tier III (lowest toxicity)
Francisco Hazard Ranking system) ou um pesticida que
category, using the San Francisco Hazard Ranking system, or
atende aos requisitos do protocolo de classificação de risco
a pesticide that meets the requirements in the San Francisco
pesticida do menor risco de pesticidas de São Francisco (San Francisco Pesticide
least-risk pesticide Pesticide Hazard Screening Protocol and is sold as a self-
(least-risk pesticide) Hazard Screening Protocol) e é vendido como uma isca
contained bait or as a crack-and-crevice treatment used in
autônoma ou como tratamento para rachaduras e fendas
areas inaccessible to building occupants. Rodenticides are
usado em áreas às quais os ocupantes do edifício não têm
never considered least-risk pesticides.
acesso. Rodenticidas nunca são considerados pesticidas de
menor risco.

the amount of time a person remains in a health care facility o tempo pelo qual uma pessoa permanece na instalação de
length of stay tempo de internação
as an admitted patient atendimento médico como um paciente internado

an evaluation of the environmental effects of a product from uma avaliação dos efeitos ambientais de um produto, "do
life-cycle assessment cradle to grave, as defined by ISO 14040–2006 and ISO avaliação do ciclo de vida berço ao túmulo", conforme definido pela ISO 14040–2006 e
14044–2006 ISO 14044–2006

U.S. Green Building Council 22 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

a database that defines the environmental effects (inputs and um banco de dados que define os efeitos ambientais
outputs) for each step in a material’s or assembly’s life cycle. (entradas e saídas) de cada etapa do ciclo de vida de um
life-cycle inventory inventário de ciclo de vida
The database is specific to countries and regions within material ou conjunto. O banco de dados é específico para
countries. países e regiões dentro de países.

waste light from building sites that produces glare, is luz residual de construções que produz ofuscamento, é
directed upward to the sky, or is directed off the site. Waste direcionada para o céu ou para fora do terreno. A luz residual
light pollution poluição luminosa
light does not increase nighttime safety, utility, or security não aumenta a segurança noturna, a utilidade ou a proteção e
and needlessly consumes energy. consome energia desnecessariamente.

serviço de transporte que utiliza trens com dois ou três


transit service using two- or three-car trains in a right-of-way
vagões em uma via normalmente separada de outros meios de
that is often separated from other traffic modes. Spacing
transporte. A distância entre estações costuma ser de meia
between stations tends to be ½ mileor more, and maximum
light rail veículo leve sobre trilhos milha (800 metros) ou mais, e as velocidades máximas de
operating speeds are typically 40–55 mph (65–90 kmh).
operação são normalmente de 40 a 55 mph (65 a 90 km/h).
Light-rail corridors typically extend 10 or more miles (16
Geralmente, corredores para veículos leves sobre trilhos se
kilometers).
estendem por 10 ou mais milhas (16 quilômetros).

obtrusive illumination that is unwanted because of luz obstrutiva indesejável devido aos seus atributos
quantitative, directional, or spectral attributes. Light trespass quantitativos, direcionais ou espectrais. A transgressão de luz
light trespass transgressão de luz
can cause annoyance, discomfort, distraction, or loss of pode causar irritação, desconforto, distração ou perda de
visibility. visibilidade.

an intentional action by a utility to reduce the load on the uma ação intencional realizada por um serviço público para
system. Load shedding is usually conducted during reduzir a carga sobre o sistema. Geralmente, o corte de carga
load shedding corte de carga
emergency periods, such as capacity shortages, system é feito durante períodos de emergência, como falta de
instability, or voltage control. capacidade, instabilidade do sistema ou controle de tensão.

bicycle parking that is easily accessible to residents and estacionamento para bicicletas que pode ser acessado
depósito de bicicletas de
long-term bicycle storage employees and covered to protect bicycles from rain and facilmente por moradores e funcionários e é coberto para
longo prazo
snow proteger as bicicletas contra chuva e neve

an operational improvement, such as a repair, upgrade, or uma melhoria operacional, como reparo, atualização ou
staff training or retraining. In LEED, the project team treinamento e especialização da equipe. no LEED, a equipe
low-cost improvement determines the reasonable upper limit for low-cost melhoria de baixo custo do projeto determina o limite máximo razoável para
improvements based on facility resources and operating melhorias de baixo custo com base nos recursos da unidade e
budgets. no orçamento operacional.

U.S. Green Building Council 23 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

um método para gerenciar o escoamento de água da chuva


que dá ênfase aos recursos naturais do local para proteger a
an approach to managing rainwater runoff that emphasizes
qualidade da água, replicando o regime hidrológico natural
on-site natural features to protect water quality, by replicating
de divisor de águas da cobertura do solo e tratando o
the natural land cover hydrologic regime of watersheds, and
escoamento perto de sua origem. Exemplos incluem melhores
addressing runoff close to its source. Examples include better
princípios de projeto do terreno (por exemplo, minimização
low-impact development site design principles (e.g., minimizing land disturbance, desenvolvimento de baixo
dos distúrbios no terreno, preservação da vegetação,
(LID) preserving vegetation, minimizing impervious cover), and impacto
minimização da cobertura impermeável) e práticas de projeto
design practices (e.g., rain gardens, vegetated swales and
(por exemplo, jardins de chuva, valetas e zonas de
buffers, permeable pavement, rainwater harvesting, soil
amortecimento vegetadas, pavimentação permeável, coleta de
amendments). These are engineered practices that may
água da chuva, alterações do solo). Essas são práticas
require specialized design assistance.
avançadas, que podem precisar de auxílio especializado no
projeto.

water that is fed into a cooling tower system or evaporative água alimentada em um sistema de torre de resfriamento ou
makeup water condenser to replace water lost through evaporation, drift, água de reposição condensador evaporativo para substituir a água perdida por
bleed-off, or other causes evaporação, desvio, sangria ou outras causas.

to capture and retain a specified volume of rainfall to mimic capturar e reter um volume específico de água da chuva para
manage (rainwater) on natural hydrologic function. Examples of rainwater gestão (águas pluviais) no imitar a função hidrológica natural. Exemplos de gestão de
site management include strategies that involve local águas pluviais incluem estratégias que envolvem
evapotranspiration, infiltration, and capture and reuse. evapotranspiração, infiltração e coleta e reuso.

the limits of a site master plan. The master plan boundary os limites do master plan de um terreno. O limite do master
includes the project area and may include all associated plan inclui a área do projeto e pode incluir todos os edifícios
master plan boundary buildings and sites outside of the LEED project boundary. limite do master plan e terrenos associados fora do limite do projeto LEED. O
The master plan boundary considers future sustainable use, limite do master plan considera o uso sustentável no futuro,
expansion, and contraction. expansão e contração.

of a source’s emitted light derived from industry standards, da luz emitida por uma fonte, derivada de padrões da
mean lumen output a taken with an instant-start ballast that has a ballast factor of produção média de lúmens indústria, obtida com lastro instantâneo com um fator de
measurement 1.0 as measured at 40% of lamp life (except for T-5 lamps, medição lastro de 1,0 medido a 40% da vida útil da lâmpada (exceto
which use a program-start ballast) para lâmpadas T-5, que utilizam lastro programado)

U.S. Green Building Council 24 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

um item ou móvel projetado para uso em assistência médica.


an item of furniture designed for use in health care.
Exemplos incluem mesas cirúrgicas; carrinhos de
Examples include surgical tables; procedure, supply, and
medical furnishing mobiliário médico procedimento, suprimentos e tecnologia móvel; auxílios para
mobile technology carts; lifting and transfer aids; supply
elevação e transporte; carrinhos e prateleiras de armários de
closet carts and shelving; and overbed tables.
suprimentos e mesas de leito.

um regulador que limita o tempo de fluxo de água,


a regulator that limits the flow time of water, generally a
geralmente um dispositivo de ativação manual e
metering control manual-on and automatic-off device, most commonly controle de medição
desligamento automático, encontrado com frequência em
installed on lavatory faucets and showers
torneiras e chuveiros
papel branco e colorido, envelopes, formulários, pastas de
white and colored paper, envelopes, forms, file folders,
arquivo, blocos, folhetos, caixas de cereal, papel de
mixed paper tablets, flyers, cereal boxes, wrapping paper, catalogs, papel misto
embalagem, catálogos, revistas, agendas telefônicas e
magazines, phone books, and photos
fotografias

prateleiras e armários projetados para serem facilmente


shelving and cabinetry designed to be easily installed,
instalados, movidos ou reconfigurados. Em um ambiente de
moved, or reconfigured. In a retail setting, items that are
varejo, itens que são móveis, mas fixados de forma semi-
modular and movable movable but semipermanently attached using mechanical
armário embutido permanente com sistemas de fixação mecânicos para uso
casework fastening systems for operational use are considered furniture
operacional são considerados móveis, e não elementos do
and not base building elements (e.g., a table or display bolted
edifício base (por exemplo, uma mesa ou tela parafusada ao
to the floor, or shelving attached to a wall).
piso, ou prateleiras presas a uma parede).

the distance between ground level (or the workplane) and the a distância entre o nível do solo (ou plano de trabalho) e a
mounting height bottom of the luminaire (light fixture); the height at which a altura de montagem parte inferior da luminária (dispositivo de iluminação); altura
luminaire is installed. (Adapted from Light a Home) na qual a luminária é instalada. (Adaptado de Light a Home)

items that can be moved by the users without the need of itens que podem ser movidos pelos usuários sem o uso de
movable furniture and armários embutidos e
tools or assistance from special trades and facilities ferramentas ou auxílio de empresas especializadas e gestão
partitions divisórias
management de instalações

a site that was master-planned for the development of stores, um terreno cujo master plan inclui o desenvolvimento de
complexo para múltiplos
multitenant complex restaurants and other businesses. Retailers may share some lojas, restaurantes e outros negócios. Os varejistas podem
locatários
services and common areas. compartilhar alguns serviços e áreas comuns.

um número exclusivo, de cinco ou seis dígitos, que identifica


a unique five- or six-digit number used to identify specific
lâmpadas específicas, utilizado pela Associação de
NAED code lamps, used by the National Association of Electrical código do NAED
Distribuidores de Produtos Elétricos dos EUA (National
Distributors
Association of Electrical Distributors)

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

uma espécie nativa que ocorre em determinada região,


an indigenous species that occurs in a particular region,
ecossistema e habitat sem ações diretas ou indiretas de seres
ecosystem, and habitat without direct or indirect human
humanos. Espécies nativas se desenvolveram de acordo com
actions. Native species have evolved to the geography,
a geografia, hidrologia e clima da região. Elas também
hydrology, and climate of that region. They also occur in
ocorrem em comunidades, isto é, se desenvolveram
communities; that is, they have evolved together with other
native vegetation vegetação nativa juntamente com outras espécies. Assim, essas comunidades
species. As a result, these communities provide habitat for a
formam o habitat de uma série de outras espécies nativas de
variety of other native wildlife species. Species native to
vida animal. Geralmente, espécies nativas da América do
North America are generally recognized as those occurring
Norte são aquelas reconhecidas como ocorrendo no
on the continent prior to European settlement. Also known as
continente antes da chegada dos europeus. Também
native plants.
conhecida como plantas nativas.

a compound that is not manmade and is used for cooling. um composto não produzido pelo homem que é usado para
Such substances generally have much lower potential for resfriamento. Geralmente, essas substâncias têm potencial de
natural refrigerant atmospheric damage than manufactured chemical refrigerante natural danos à atmosfera muito menor do que o de refrigerantes
refrigerants. Examples include water, carbon dioxide, and químicos fabricados. Exemplos incluem água, dióxido de
ammonia. carbono e amônia.

delimitação de solos do
serviço de conservação de
Natural Resources um exame do solo, com base nos EUA, que mostra os
a U.S.-based soil survey that shows the boundaries of recursos naturais (natural
Conservation Service limites de diferentes tipos de solo e características especiais
different soil types and special soil features on the site resources conservation
(NRCS) soils delineation do solo no terreno
service (NRCS) soils
delineation)

the natural land cover function of water occurrence, Hidrologia Natural do a função natural de cobertura do solo de ocorrência,
natural site hydrology
distribution, movement, and balance Terreno distribuição, movimento e equilíbrio de água

a soma de todas as áreas internas do projeto disponíveis para


the sum of all interior areas in the project available to house
abrigar o programa do projeto. Não inclui áreas para
net usable program area the project’s program. It does not include areas for building área útil do programa
equipamentos do edifício, circulação vertical ou componentes
equipment, vertical circulation, or structural components.
estruturais.

um espaço público, área de diagnóstico ou tratamento,


a public space, diagnostic or treatment area, ambulatory unit,
área não destinada a unidade ambulatorial ou qualquer outro espaço em uma
non-inpatient area or any other space in a health care facility that is not for
pacientes unidade de saúde que não seja destinado a pessoas que foram
individuals who have been admitted for care
internadas para tratamento

nonpotable water water that does not meet drinking water standards água não potável água que não atende aos padrões para que possa ser bebida

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

uma área pela qual as pessoas passam ou uma área usada


an area that people pass through or an area used for focused
para atividades concentradas por uma média de menos de
activities an average of less than one hour per person per day.
uma hora por pessoa por dia. O período de uma hora é
The one-hour timeframe is continuous and should be based
non-regularly occupied espaços não regularmente contínuo e deve ser baseado no tempo em que um ocupante
on the time a typical occupant uses the space. For spaces that
space ocupados típico utiliza o espaço. Para espaços que não são usados
are not used daily, the one-hour timeframe should be based
diariamente, o período de uma hora deve ser baseado no
on the time a typical occupant spends in the space when it is
tempo que um ocupante típico passa no espaço quando ele
in use. 
está em uso.

dry plumbing fixtures and fittings that contain and treat sistemas de vaso sanitário dispositivos e conexões de tubulação seca que contêm e
nonwater toilet systems
human waste via microbiological processes seco tratam resíduos humanos por processos microbiológicos

a plumbing fixture having a water flush with a trap that um dispositivo de tubulação que tem uma descarga com uma
nonwater urinal contains a layer of buoyant liquid that floats above the urine, mictório seco contenção que mantém uma camada da líquido flutuando
blocking sewer gas and odors sobre a urina, bloqueando gases e odores do esgoto

um sistema ou interruptor que uma pessoa no espaço pode


a system or switch that a person in the space can directly
acessar e utilizar diretamente. Exemplos incluem uma luz de
access and use. Examples include a task light, an open
occupant control controle pelo ocupante tarefa, um interruptor aberto e persianas. Sensores de
switch, and blinds. A temperature sensor, photo sensor, or
temperatura, fotossensores ou sistemas de controle central
centrally controlled system is not occupant controlled.
não são controlados pelo ocupante.

an enclosed space intended for human activities, excluding um espaço delimitado destinado a atividades humanas,
those spaces that are intended primarily for other purposes, exceto espaços destinados primariamente a outros fins, como
occupiable space such as storage rooms and equipment rooms, and that are espaço ocupável salas de armazenamento e de equipamentos, e que são
occupied only occasionally and for short periods of time ocupados apenas ocasionalmente e por curtos períodos de
(ASHRAE 62.1–2010) tempo (ASHRAE 62.1–2010)

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

espaço delimitado destinado a atividades humanas, exceto


enclosed space intended for human activities, excluding
espaços destinados primariamente a outros fins, como salas
those spaces that are intended primarily for other purposes,
de armazenamento e de equipamentos, e que são ocupados
such as storage rooms and equipment rooms, and that are
apenas ocasionalmente e por curtos períodos de tempo.
only occupied occasionally and for short periods of time.
Espaços ocupados são classificados como regularmente
occupied space Occupied spaces are further classified as regularly occupied espaço ocupado
ocupados ou não regularmente ocupados com base na
or nonregularly occupied spaces based on the duration of the
duração da ocupação, individuais ou multiocupantes com
occupancy, individual or multioccupant based on the quantity
base na quantidade de ocupantes, ou densamente ou não
of occupants, and densely or nondensely occupied spaces
densamente ocupados com base na concentração de
based on the concentration of occupants in the space.
ocupantes no espaço.

um produto que tem baixo custo unitário e é usado e


a product that has a low cost per unit and is regularly used
substituído regularmente na condução dos negócios.
and replaced in the course of business. Examples include material de consumo
ongoing consumable Exemplos incluem papel, cartuchos de toner, pastas, pilhas,
paper, toner cartridges, binders, batteries, and desk continuo
baterias e acessórios de mesa. Também chamados de
accessories. Also known as ongoing purchases.
compras contínuas.

on-site wastewater the transport, storage, treatment, and disposal of wastewater tratamento de água residual o transporte, armazenamento, tratamento e descarte de água
treatment generated on the project site no local (in loco) residuária gerada no terreno do projeto

pavements that consist of loose substrates supported by a pavimentos formados por substratos soltos, apoiados por
grid of a more structurally sound grid or webbing. Pervious uma grade ou malha com maior força estrutural. Concreto
open-grid pavement concrete and porous asphalt are not considered open grid as sistema de pavimentação de permeável e asfalto poroso não são considerados sistemas de
system they are considered bounded materials. Unbounded, loose blocos vazados (open-grid) blocos vazados, pois são considerados materiais delimitados.
substrates do not transfer and store heat like bound and Substratos ilimitados e soltos não transferem e armazenam
compacted materials do. calor como materiais delimitados e compactados.

a plan that specifies major system operating parameters and um plano que especifica os principais parâmetros e limites
limits, maintenance procedures and schedules, and operacionais do sistema, procedimentos e cronogramas de
operations and plano de operação e
documentation methods necessary to demonstrate proper manutenção e métodos de documentação necessários para
maintenance (O&M) plan manutenção
operation and maintenance of an approved emissions control demonstrar a operação e manutenção adequadas de um
device or system dispositivo ou sistema de controle de emissões aprovado

a luminaire intended for illuminating portions of the uma luminária destinada a iluminar partes da rede de
circulation network that also serves an ornamental function, circulação que também tem uma função ornamental, além de
ornamental luminaire luminária ornamental
in addition to providing optics that effectively deliver street fornecer uma iluminação eficaz da rua, e possui uma
lighting, and has a decorative or historical period appearance aparência decorativa ou de um período histórico

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

a patient who is not hospitalized for 24 hours or more but um paciente que não fica hospitalizado por 24 horas ou mais,
outpatient who visits a hospital, clinic, or associated healthcare facility paciente externo mas que visita um hospital, clínica ou unidade de saúde
for diagnosis or treatment associada para diagnóstico ou tratamento

a written document that details the ideas, concepts, and um documento por escrito que detalha as ideias, conceitos e
owner’s project exigências do projeto do
criteria determined by the owner to be important to the critérios determinados pelo proprietário que são importantes
requirements (OPR) proprietário (OPR)
success of the project para o sucesso do projeto

um leito de paciente, cadeira para infusão, baía de quarto de


a patient bed, infusion chair, recovery room bay, or other
patient position posição do paciente recuperação ou outro local onde um paciente recebe
location where a patient receives clinical care
tratamento clínico

the maximum electricity load at a specific point in time or a carga máxima de eletricidade em um ponto específico no
peak demand demanda de pico
over a period of time tempo ou ao longo de um período de tempo

the month with the greatest deficit between


o mês com maior déficit entre evapotranspiração e
evapotranspiration and rainfall. This is the month when the
precipitação. É o mês no qual as plantas na região do terreno
peak watering month plants in the site’s region potentially require the most mês com pico de irrigação
potencialmente precisam de mais água complementar,
supplemental water typically a mid-summer month.
geralmente um mês de verão. (Sustainable Sites Initiative)
(Sustainable Sites Initiative)

a structure that cannot be moved by the user without tools or uma estrutura que não pode ser movida pelo usuário sem
assistance from special trades and facilities management. ferramentas ou o auxílio de empresas especializadas e gestão
permanent interior obstrução interna
Examples include lab hoods, fixed partitions, demountable de instalações. Exemplos incluem coifas de laboratório,
obstruction permanente
opaque full- or partial-height partitions, some displays, and divisórias físicas, divisórias opacas desmontáveis de altura
equipment. total ou parcial, algumas telas e equipamentos.

the transfer of energy consumption to off-peak hours, when a transferência de consumo de energia para horários fora de
permanent peak load mudança permanente de
demand for power is lower and energy is therefore less pico, quando a demanda por energia é menor e a energia é
shifting carga de pico
expensive mais barata

a paved surface that allows water runoff to infiltrate into the uma superfície pavimentada que permite que o escoamento
permeable pavement pavimento permeável
ground de água penetre no solo

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uma substância que representa um risco de longo prazo para


a substance that poses a long-term risk to both humans and seres humanos e o meio ambiente, pois permanece no
the environment because it remains in the environment for ambiente por períodos longos, aumenta em concentração
long periods, increases in concentration as it moves up the conforme escala a cadeia alimentar e pode viajar para longe
persistent produto químico
food chain, and can travel far from the source of da fonte de contaminação. Frequentemente, essas substâncias
bioaccumulative toxic bioacumulativo persistente
contamination. Often these substances can become more podem se tornar mais potentes e prejudiciais aos ecossistemas
chemical e tóxico (PBT)
potent and harmful to ecosystems the longer they persist. See conforme sua permanência aumenta. Consulte o site da
U.S. EPA’s website on persistent bioaccumulative toxic Agência de Proteção Ambiental (EPA) dos EUA sobre
chemicals, www.epa.gov/pbt/. produtos químicos bioacumulativos persistentes e tóxicos,
www.epa.gov/pbt/.

an area that connects healthcare patients, visitors, and staff to uma área que conecta pacientes, visitantes e funcionários do
health benefits of the natural environment. (Adapted from sistema de saúde com os benefícios do meio ambiente.
place of respite local de descanso
Green Guide for Health Care Places of Respite Technical (Adaptado de Green Guide for Health Care Places of Respite
Brief) Technical Brief)

plug load or receptacle the electrical current drawn by all equipment that is carga da tomada ou a corrente elétrica extraída por todos os equipamentos
load connected to the electrical system via a wall outlet. receptáculo conectados ao sistema elétrico através de uma tomada.

resíduos gerados por residências ou instalações comerciais,


waste generated by households or commercial, industrial and
postconsumer recycled conteúdo reciclado pós‐ industriais e institucionais em sua função como usuários
institutional facilities in their role as end users of a product
content consumo finais de um produto que não pode mais ser usado da forma
that can no longer be used for its intended purpose
pretendida originalmente

water that meets or exceeds U.S. Environmental Protection água que atende ou excede os padrões para água potável da
Agency drinking water quality standards (or a local Agência de Proteção Ambiental (EPA) dos EUA (ou um
equivalent outside the U.S.) and is approved for human equivalente local fora dos EUA) e é aprovada para consumo
potable water água potável
consumption by the state or local authorities having por seres humanos pelas autoridades estaduais ou locais que
jurisdiction; it may be supplied from wells or municipal têm jurisdição; pode ser obtida em poços ou nos sistemas
water systems municipais de água

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a energia elétrica de um dispositivo que fornece energia e


the electrical power from a device that allocates power to atende a equipamentos de tecnologia da informação (TI). A
and serves information technology (IT) equipment. Power saída da unidade de distribuição de energia não inclui perdas
distribution unit (PDU) output does not include efficiency de eficiência de qualquer transformação ocorrida na unidade,
losses of any transformation that occurs within the PDU, but mas pode incluir dispositivos adicionais a jusante que não
it can include downstream non-IT ancillary devices installed sejam de TI instalados em racks de TI, como ventiladores. Se
in IT racks, such as fans. If the PDU system supports non-IT o sistema da unidade suportar equipamentos que não são de
power distribution unit saída da unidade de
equipment (e.g., computer room air-conditioning units, TI (por exemplo, unidades de ar condicionado da sala de
output distribuição de energia
computer room air handlers, in-row coolers), this equipment computadores, unidades de tratamento de ar da sala de
must be metered and subtracted from the PDU output computadores, resfriadores em linha), tais equipamentos
reading. The metering approach should be consistent with the devem ser medidos e subtraídos da leitura de saída da
metering required for the power usage efficiency (PUE) unidade. O método de medição deve ser consistente com a
category (e.g., continuous consumption metering for PUE medição necessária para a categoria de eficiência do uso de
categories 1, 2, and 3). energia (PUE) (por exemplo, medição de consumo contínuo
para as categorias 1, 2 e 3 de PUE).

uma medição da eficiência com que uma central de dados


a measure of how efficiently a data center uses its power; eficiência do uso de energia
power utilization usa sua energia; especificamente, quanta energia é usada por
specifically, how much power is used by computing (power utilization
effectiveness (PUE) equipamentos de computador, não para resfriamento e outros
equipment rather than for cooling and other overhead effectiveness (PUE))
equipamentos

polidores e lustradores de pisos, elétricos e alimentados por


powered floor electric and battery-powered floor buffers and burnishers. It equipamentos elétricos de
bateria. Não inclui equipamentos usados em aplicações
maintenance equipment does not include equipment used in wet applications manutenção de piso
úmidas

matter diverted from the waste stream during the material desviado do fluxo de resíduos durante o processo de
manufacturing process, determined as the percentage of fabricação, determinado como a porcentagem de material,
material, by weight. Examples include planer shavings, por peso. Exemplos incluem restos de aplainamento,
sawdust, bagasse, walnut shells, culls, trimmed materials, serragem, bagaço, cascas, refugo, aparas de materiais,
preconsumer recycled conteúdo reciclado pré‐
overissue publications, and obsolete inventories. The publicações com tiragem excessiva e inventários obsoletos. A
content consumo
designation excludes rework, regrind, or scrap materials designação exclui materiais retrabalhados, retificados, ou
capable of being reclaimed within the same process that sucateados que poderiam ser recuperados com o mesmo
generated them (ISO 14021). Formerly known as processo que os gerou (ISO 14021). Previamente chamado de
postindustrial content. conteúdo pós-industrial.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

as vagas de estacionamento mais próximas da entrada


the parking spots closest to the main entrance of a building
principal de um edifício (exceto espaços designados para
(exclusive of spaces designated for handicapped persons).
preferred parking estacionamento preferencial pessoas com deficiências). No estacionamento para
For employee parking, it refers to the spots that are closest to
funcionários, refere-se às vagas mais próximas à entrada
the entrance used by employees.
usada por funcionários.

o desgaste ou desuso de componentes ou materiais cuja útil


the wearing out or disuse of components or materials whose
de serviço excede sua vida de projeto. Por exemplo, um
service life exceeds their design life. For example, a material
material com potencial de vida útil de 30 anos é
with a potential life of 30 years is intentionally designed to
intencionalmente projetado para durar apenas 15 anos, de
premature obsolescence last only 15 years, such that its remaining 15 years of service obsolescência prematura
forma que os 15 anos de serviço restantes são potencialmente
is potentially wasted. In contrast, components whose service
desperdiçados. Em contraste, componentes cuja vida útil é
life is the same as their expected use are utilized to their
igual à de seu uso previsto são utilizados em seu potencial
maximum potential.
máximo.

alterado por pavimentação, construção e/ou uso de terreno


altered by paving, construction, and/or land use that would
que normalmente teria precisado de licença regulamentar
typically have required regulatory permitting to have been
para ser iniciado (alterações podem existir agora ou no
initiated (alterations may exist now or in the past). Land that
passado). Terrenos que não foram desenvolvidos previamente
is not previously developed and landscapes altered by current
e paisagens alteradas por limpeza ou preenchimento atual ou
previously developed or historical clearing or filling, agricultural or forestry use, or desenvolvido previamente
histórico, uso agrícola ou de florestas, ou uso de área natural
preserved natural area use are considered undeveloped land.
preservada são considerados terrenos não desenvolvidos. A
The date of previous development permit issuance constitutes
data da emissão da licença de desenvolvimento prévio
the date of previous development, but permit issuance in
constitui a data do desenvolvimento prévio, mas a emissão da
itself does not constitute previous development.
licença não constitui desenvolvimento prévio.

a site that, prior to the project, consisted of at least 75% terreno previamente um terreno que, antes do projeto, era formado por pelo
previously developed site
previously developed land desenvolvido menos 75% de terreno previamente desenvolvido

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terreno que tem a melhor combinação de características


land that has the best combination of physical and chemical físicas e químicas para a produção de alimentos, pasto,
characteristics for producing food, feed, forage, fiber, and forragem, fibras e sementes oleaginosas e que está disponível
oilseed crops and that is available for these uses, as para esses usos, conforme determinado pelo Serviço de
determined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Preservação de Recursos Naturais do Departamento de
prime farmland Resources Conservation Service (a U.S.-based methodology prime farmland Agricultura dos EUA (uma metodologia baseada nos EUA
that sets criteria for highly productive soil). For a complete que define critérios para solo altamente produtivo). Para ver
description of what qualifies as prime farmland, see U.S. uma descrição completa do que se qualifica como terra
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 7, Volume 6, Parts 400 to agrícola de primeira, consulte o U.S. Code of Federal
699, Section 657.5. Regulations, Título 7, Volume 6, Partes 400 a 699, Seção
657.5.

a device that measures water flow and is installed um dispositivo que mede o fluxo de água e é instalado a
downstream from the public water supply meter or as part of jusante do medidor do serviço público de água ou como parte
private meter medidor particular
an on-site water system maintained by the building de um sistema de água local mantido pela equipe de gestão
management team do edifício

recursos energéticos consumidos para auxiliar processos de


power resources consumed in support of a manufacturing,
fabricação, industriais ou comerciais que não sejam o
industrial, or commercial process other than conditioning
condicionamento de espaços e a manutenção de conforto e
spaces and maintaining comfort and amenities for building
process energy energia de processo comodidade dos ocupantes de um edifício. Pode incluir
occupants of a building. It may include refrigeration
equipamentos de refrigeração, de cozinha e preparação de
equipment, cooking and food preparation, clothes washing,
alimentos, máquinas de lavar roupas e outros
and other major support appliances. (ASHRAE)
eletrodomésticos. (ASHRAE)

process load or the load on a building resulting from the consumption or carga de processo ou carga a carga em um edifício resultante do consumo ou liberação
unregulated load release of process energy (ASHRAE) não regulada da energia de processo (ASHRAE)

água usada em processos industriais e sistemas de edifícios,


water that is used for industrial processes and building
como torres de resfriamento, caldeiras e resfriadores.
systems, such as cooling towers, boilers, and chillers. It can
process water água de processo Também pode se referir ao uso de água em processos
also refer to water used in operational processes, such as
operacionais, como lavagem de louças e roupas e produção
dishwashing, clothes washing, and ice making.
de gelo.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

um item que chega ao terreno do projeto como um elemento


an item that arrives on the project site either as a finished
acabado, pronto para instalação, ou como componente de
element ready for installation or as a component to another
outro item montado no local. A unidade de produto é definida
item assembled on-site. The product unit is defined by the
product (permanently produto (produtos de pelo requisito funcional para uso no projeto, isso inclui os
functional requirement for use in the project; this includes the
installed building edifícios permanentemente componentes físicos e serviços necessários para atender à
physical components and services needed to serve the
product) instalados) função prevista do produto de edifício instalado
intended function of the permanently installed building
permanentemente. Além disso, com produtos semelhantes
product. In addition, similar products within a specification
dentro de uma especificação podem contribuir
can each contribute as separate products.
individualmente como um produto separado.

um sistema para o fornecimento de água para consumo


a system for the provision to the public of water for human
humano através de tubos ou outros métodos de distribuição
consumption through pipes or other constructed conveyances.
public water supply abastecimento público de construídos. Para ser considerado público, o sistema deve ter
To be considered public, such system must have at least 15
(PWS) água (PWS) pelo menos 15 conexões de serviço ou servir regularmente a
service connections or regularly serve at least 25 individuals.
pelo menos 25 pessoas. (Adaptado da Agência de Proteção
(Adapted from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
Ambiental (EPA) dos EUA)

the capture, diversion, and storage of rain for future a captura, desvio e armazenamento de chuva para uso
beneficial use. Typically, a rain barrel or cistern stores the benéfico futuro. Normalmente, um barril ou cisterna
rainwater harvesting water; other components include the catchment surface and coleta de água da chuva armazena a água; outros componentes incluem a superfície de
conveyance system. The harvested rainwater can be used for represamento e o sistema de distribuição. A água da chuva
irrigation. coletada pode ser usada para irrigação.

the basic substance from which products are made, such as a substância básica a partir da qual produtos são feitos, como
concrete, glass, gypsum, masonry, metals, recycled materials concreto, vidro, gesso, alvenaria, metais, materiais reciclados
raw material matéria-prima
(e.g., plastics and metals), oil (petroleum, polylactic acid), (por exemplo, plásticos e metais), óleo (petróleo, ácido
stone, agrifiber, bamboo, and wood polilático), pedra, agrofibra, bambu e madeira.

reclaimed water wastewater that has been treated and purified for reuse água recuperada água residuária que foi tratada e purificada para reuso

defined in accordance with the International Organization of definido de acordo com o documento das Organização
Standards document ISO 14021 – Environmental labels and Internacional de Normatização, ISO 14021 – Rótulos e
recycled content conteúdo reciclado
declarations – Self-declared environmental claims (Type II declarações ambientais – Alegações ambientais
environmental labeling) autodeclaradas (Rótulo ambiental Tipo II)

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition


the amount of water lost from a specific vegetated surface a quantidade de água perdida de uma superfície vegetada
reference taxa de evapotranspiração
with no moisture limitation. Turf grass with height of 120 específica sem limitação de umidade. A vegetação de
evapotranspiration rate de referência
mm is the reference vegetation. referência é grama com altura de 120 mm.

um solo nativo do terreno do projeto, conforme descrito nas


a soil native to the project site, as described in Natural
pesquisas de solo do Serviço de Preservação de Recursos
Resources Conservation Service soil surveys (or a local
Naturais dos EUA (ou pesquisa local equivalente fora dos
equivalent survey outside the United States), or undisturbed
EUA), ou solos nativos não modificados dentro da região de
native soils within the project’s region that have native
solo de referência um projeto que tenham vegetação, topografia e texturas de
reference soil vegetation, topography, and soil textures similar to the
(reference soil) solo semelhantes às do terreno do projeto. Para terrenos de
project site. For project sites with no existing soil, reference
projeto sem solo existente, solos de referência são definidos
soils are defined as undisturbed native soils within the
como solos nativos não modificados na região do projeto que
project’s region that support appropriate native plant species
suportam espécies de plantas nativas semelhantes às previstas
similar to those intended for the new project.
para o novo projeto.

an item that has completed its life cycle and is prepared for um item que concluiu seu ciclo de vida e está preparado para
reuse without substantial alteration of its form. Refurbishing reuso sem alteração significativa de sua forma. O processo de
refurbished material involves renovating, repairing, restoring, or generally material reformado reforma inclui renovação, reparação, restauração ou,
improving the appearance, performance, quality, geralmente, melhora da aparência, desempenho, qualidade,
functionality, or value of a product. funcionalidade ou valor de um produto.

uma área na qual uma ou mais pessoas normalmente passam


an area where one or more individuals normally spend time
tempo (mais de uma hora por pessoa por dia, em média)
(more than one hour per person per day on average) seated or
sentadas ou em pé enquanto trabalham, estudam ou realizam
standing as they work, study, or perform other focused
outras atividades dentro de um edifício. O período de uma
activities inside a building. The one-hour timeframe is espaços regularmente
regularly occupied space hora é contínuo e deve ser baseado no tempo em que um
continuous and should be based on the time a typical ocupados
ocupante típico utiliza o espaço. Para espaços que não são
occupant uses the space. For spaces that are not used daily,
usados diariamente, o período de uma hora deve ser baseado
the one-hour timeframe should be based on the time a typical
no tempo que um ocupante típico passa no espaço quando ele
occupant spends in the space when it is in use. 
está em uso.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

a frequently used means of gaining access to a building. uma forma frequentemente usada de obter acesso a um
Examples include the main building entrance as well as any edifício. Exemplos incluem a entrada principal do edifício e
building entryways attached to parking structures, qualquer entrada do edifício conectada a estruturas de
regularly used exterior entrada externa usada
underground parking garages, underground pathways, or estacionamento, garagens subterrâneas, caminhos
entrance regularmente
outside spaces. Atypical entrances, emergency exits, atriums, subterrâneos ou espaços externos. Entradas atípicas, saídas de
connections between concourses, and interior spaces are not emergência, átrios, conexões entre passagens e espaços
included. internos não são incluídos.

any building end use that has either a mandatory or a qualquer uso final do edifício que tenha um requisito
regulated load prescriptive requirement in ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard carga regulada obrigatório ou prescritivo na Norma 90.1–2010 da
90.1–2010 ANSI/ASHRAE/IES

an item that has been repaired or adjusted and returned to um item que foi reparado ou ajustado e colocado de volta em
remanufactured product service. A remanufactured product can be expected to produto remanufaturado serviço. Pode-se esperar que o desempenho de um produto
perform as if it were new. remanufaturado seja igual ao de um novo.

energy sources that are not depleted by use. Examples fontes de energia que não são esgotadas pelo uso. Os
include energy from the sun, wind, and small (low-impact) exemplos incluem energia solar, eólica e de pequenas
renewable energy energia renovável
hydropower, plus geothermal energy and wave and tidal hidrelétricas (de baixo impacto), além de energia geotérmica
systems. e sistemas de ondas e marés.

uma commodity comercializável, que representa uma prova


a tradable commodity representing proof that a unit of
de que uma unidade de eletricidade foi gerada a partir de uma
electricity was generated from a renewable resource. RECs certificado de energia
renewable energy credit fonte de energia renovável. RECs são vendidos
are sold separately from electricity itself and thus allow the renovável (renewable
(REC) separadamente da eletricidade em si, permitindo assim a
purchase of green power by a user of conventionally energy certificate (REC))
compra de energia verde por um usuário de energia gerada
generated electricity.
convencionalmente.

the reemployment of materials in the same or a related a reutilização de materiais na mesma capacidade ou em uma
capacity as their original application, thus extending the capacidade relacionada à sua aplicação original, estendendo a
lifetime of materials that would otherwise be discarded. vida útil de materiais que seriam descartados. Reuso inclui a
reuse reuso
Reuse includes the recovery and reemployment of materials recuperação e reutilização de materiais recuperados de
recovered from existing building or construction sites. Also edifícios ou locais de construção existentes. Também
known as salvage. conhecido como recuperação.

the total area of the building structure, core, and envelope


a área total da estrutura do edifício, núcleo e envelope que
reused area that existed in the prior condition and remains in the área reutilizada
existiu na condição prévia e permanece no projeto terminado
completed design

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

uma ferramenta de medição projetada para atender a padrões


a measurement tool designed to meet strict accuracy
de precisão restritos definidos por código ou lei. Medidores
standards required by code or law. Utility meters are often medidor de consumo de
revenue-grade meter de serviços públicos são frequentemente chamados de
called revenue grade because their measurement directly energia elétrica
medidores comerciais porque sua medição resulta
results in a charge to the customer.
diretamente em uma cobrança para o cliente.

um serviço de transporte no qual as pessoas viajam juntas


a transit service in which individuals travel together in a
em um carro de passeio ou pequena van com capacidade para
passenger car or small van that seats at least four people. It
pelo menos quatro pessoas. Pode incluir transportes
can include human-powered conveyances, which must
acionados por seres humanos, que devem acomodar pelo
rideshare accommodate at least two people. It must include an enclosed carona solidária
menos duas pessoas. Deve incluir uma área delimitada para
passenger seating area, fixed route service, fixed fare
assento de passageiros, um serviço de rota fixa, estrutura de
structure, regular operation, and the ability to pick up
tarifa fixa, operação regular e a capacidade de receber
multiple riders.
diversos passageiros.

a construction component recovered from existing buildings um componente de construção reaproveitado de edifícios ou
or construction sites and reused. Common salvaged materials locais de construção existentes e reutilizado. Materiais
salvaged material material recuperado
include structural beams and posts, flooring, doors, cabinetry, recuperados comuns incluem vigas e pilares estruturais,
brick, and decorative items. pisos, portas, armários, tijolos e itens decorativos.

the authority responsible for decision making about school a autoridade responsável por tomar decisões sobre operações
operations, districts, personnel, financing, and future escolares, distritos, funcionários, financiamento e
school authority autoridade em educação
development. Examples include school boards, local desenvolvimento futuro. Exemplos incluem conselhos
governments, and religious institutions. escolares, governos locais e instituições religiosas.

direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources owned or emissões diretas de gases do efeito estufa de fontes de
Scope 1 emissions controlled by the entity, such as emissions from fossil fuels emissões de Escopo 1 propriedade ou controladas pela entidade, como emissões de
burned on site combustíveis fósseis queimados no local

indirect greenhouse gas emissions associated with the emissões indiretas de gases do efeito estufa associadas à
generation of purchased electricity, heating/cooling, or steam geração de eletricidade adquirida, aquecimento/resfriamento
Scope 2 emissions emissões de Escopo 2
off site, through a utility provider for the entity’s ou vapor fora do local, através de um provedor de serviços
consumption públicos, para consumo da entidade

the percentage of analysis points across the analysis area that a porcentagem de pontos de análise em uma área de análise
sDA300/50% meet or exceed this 300 lux value for at least 50% of the sDA300/50% que atendem ou excedem o valor de 300 lux por pelo menos
analysis period  50% do período da análise

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

the information technology (IT) load as measured at the a carga de tecnologia da informação (TI) medida no ponto de
point of connection (e.g., power receptacle) of the IT device conexão (por exemplo, tomada) do dispositivo de TI para o
to the electrical power system. Server input captures the sistema de energia elétrica. A entrada do servidor captura a
server input entrada do servidor
actual power load of the IT device exclusive of any power carga de energia real do dispositivo de TI sem incluir perdas
distribution losses and non-IT loads (e.g., rack-mounted de distribuição de energia e cargas que não sejam de TI (por
fans). exemplo, ventiladores instalados nos racks).

the assumed length of time that a building, product, or o tempo previsto pelo qual um edifício, produto ou conjunto
service life assembly will be operational for the purposes of a life-cycle vida útil será operacional para os fins de uma avaliação de ciclo de
assessment vida

shared multioccupant a place of congregation, or where occupants pursue espaço multiocupante um local de reunião, ou onde os ocupantes realizam tarefas
space overlapping or collaborative tasks compartilhado sobrepostas ou colaborativas

an area designed to be fitted out for future expansion. Shell uma área designada para ser equipada para expansão futura.
shell space space is enclosed by the building envelope but otherwise left espaço da casca O espaço da casca é delimitado pelo envelope do edifício,
unfinished. mas é deixado inacabado.

depósito de bicicletas de
non-enclosed bicycle parking typically used by visitors for a estacionamento para bicicletas não delimitado, normalmente
short-term bicycle storage curto prazo (short-term
period of two hours or less. usado por visitantes durante duas horas ou menos
bicycle storage)

(também chamada de “análise de energia do modelo de


(also known as “building-massing model energy analysis”) a massa do edifício”) uma simples análise de energia de caso
simple base-case energy analysis that informs the team about análise de modelagem de básico que informa a equipe sobre a provável distribuição do
simple box energy
the building’s likely distribution of energy consumption and energia simples (simple box consumo de energia do edifício e é usada para avaliar
modeling analysis
is used to evaluate potential project energy strategies. A energy modeling analysis) possíveis estratégias energéticas do projeto. Uma análise de
simple box analysis uses a basic, schematic building form. modelagem simples utiliza um diagrama esquemático básico
do edifício.

an evaluation of an area’s aboveground and subsurface uma avaliação das características de superfície e


characteristics, including its structures, geology, and subterrâneas de uma área, incluindo suas estruturas, geologia
hydrology. Site assessments typically help determine whether e hidrologia. Avaliações de terreno ajudam a determinar se
site assessment avaliação do terreno
contamination has occurred and the extent and concentration houve contaminação e a extensão e concentração de qualquer
of any release of pollutants. Remediation decisions rely on liberação de poluentes. Decisões de remediação se baseiam
information generated during site assessments. em informações geradas durante avaliações de terreno.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

um conceito geral de projeto ou desenvolvimento para o


an overall design or development concept for the project and
projeto e os edifícios e terrenos associados (ou
associated (or potentially associated) buildings and sites. The
potencialmente associados). O plano considera o uso
plan considers future sustainable use, expansion, and
site master plan master plan do terreno sustentável no futuro, expansão e contração. O master plan
contraction. The site master plan is typically illustrated, with
do terreno é normalmente ilustrado, com plantas baixas (se
building plans (if applicable), site drawings of planned
aplicável), desenhos do terreno das fases do desenvolvimento
phased development, and narrative descriptions.
planejado e descrições narrativas.

uma área cujas funções podem ser alteradas facilmente. Por


an area whose functions can be easily changed. For example,
exemplo, escritórios de administração de hospitais podem ser
hospital administrative offices could be moved so that this
movidos de forma que o espaço flexível possa ser
soft space soft space could be converted to a laboratory. In contrast, a espaço flexível
transformado em laboratório. Em contraste, seria difícil
lab with specialized equipment and infrastructure would be
mudar o local de um laboratório com equipamentos e
difficult to relocate.
infraestrutura especializados.

the elements of a landscape that consist of live, horticultural os elementos de paisagismo que consistem em elementos
softscape softscape
elements vivos e de horticultura

shared solar array or other renewable energy system with sistema de geração de sistema de coletores solares ou outro sistema de energia
solar garden/ community grid-connected subscribers who receive credit for the use of energia solar/sistema de renovável compartilhado, com assinantes conectados à rede
renewable energy system renewables using virtual net metering (Adapted from energia renovável que recebem crédito pelo uso de fontes renováveis utilizando
solargardens.org) comunitário medições líquidas virtuais (Adaptado de solargardens.org)

a fração de energia solar que é refletida por uma superfície


the fraction of solar energy that is reflected by a surface on a
em uma escala de 0 para 1. Tinta preta tem uma refletância
scale of 0 to 1. Black paint has a solar reflectance of 0; white
solar de 0; tinta branca (dióxido de titânio) tem uma
paint (titanium dioxide) has a solar reflectance of 1. The
refletância solar de 1. A técnica padrão para a determinação
standard technique for its determination uses
utiliza medições espectrofotométricas, com uma esfera
solar reflectance (SR) spectrophotometric measurements, with an integrating sphere refletância solar (SR)
totalizadora para determinar a refletância em cada
to determine the reflectance at each wavelength. The average
comprimento de onda. Então, a refletância média é
reflectance is then determined by an averaging process, using
determinada por um processo de cálculo de média, utilizando
a standard solar spectrum, as documented by ASTM
um espectro solar padrão documentado pelas Normas E903 e
Standards E903 and E892.
E892 da ASTM.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition

uma medição da capacidade que a superfície construída tem


a measure of the constructed surface’s ability to stay cool in de permanecer fria ao sol, refletindo a radiação solar e
the sun by reflecting solar radiation and emitting thermal emitindo radiação térmica. Ela é definida de forma que uma
radiation. It is defined such that a standard black surface superfície preta padrão (refletância solar inicial de 0,05,
(initial solar reflectance 0.05, initial thermal emittance 0.90) emitância térmica inicial de 0,90) tem um SRI inicial de 0, e
has an initial SRI of 0, and a standard white surface (initial uma superfície branca padrão (refletância solar inicial de
solar reflectance index solar reflectance 0.80, initial thermal emittance 0.90) has an índice de reflexão solar 0,80, emitância térmica inicial de 0,90) tem um SRI inicial de
(SRI) initial SRI of 100. To calculate the SRI for a given material, (SRI) 100. Para calcular o SRI de um material, obtenha sua
obtain its solar reflectance and thermal emittance via the refletância solar e emitância térmica com o padrão do
Cool Roof Rating Council Standard (CRRC-1). SRI is Conselho de Avaliação de Telhados Frescos (Cool Roof
calculated according to ASTM E 1980. Calculation of the Rating Council Standard, CRRC-1). O SRI é calculado de
aged SRI is based on the aged tested values of solar acordo com a ASTM E 1980. O cálculo do SRI
reflectance and thermal emittance. "envelhecido" é baseado nos valores de teste envelhecidos de
refletância solar e emitância térmica.

um conjunto de critérios de uniformidade que garante


a set of uniformity criteria that ensure consistent
inteligibilidade e direcionabilidade consistentes de
sound-level coverage intelligibility and directionality of audible frequencies for all cobertura de nível de ruído
frequências de áudio para todos os ocupantes dentro de um
occupants within a space
espaço

a decrease in the amount of unnecessary material brought uma diminuição na quantidade de material desnecessário
into a building in order to produce less waste. For example, trazido para um edifício a fim de produzir menos resíduos.
source reduction redução na fonte
purchasing products with less packaging is a source reduction Por exemplo, a compra de produtos com menos embalagem é
strategy. uma estratégia de redução na fonte.

uma medição que descreve a suficiência anual dos níveis de


a metric describing annual sufficiency of ambient daylight
iluminação natural em ambientes internos. Definida como a
levels in interior environments. It is defined as the percentage
porcentagem de uma área de análise (a área na qual cálculos
of an analysis area (the area where calculations are
são realizados, normalmente em todo um espaço) que alcança
performed, typically across an entire space) that meets a
autonomia espacial de um nível mínimo de luminância natural por uma determinada
spatial daylight autonomy minimum daylight illuminance level for a specified fraction
iluminação natural (spatial fração das horas de operação por ano (isto é, o valor da
(sDA) of the operating hours per year (i.e., the Daylight
daylight autonomy) autonomia de iluminação natural segundo Reinhart &
Autonomy value following Reinhart & Walkenhorst,
Walkenhorst, 2001). O nível de luminância e a fração de
2001). The illluminance level and time fraction are included
tempo são incluídos como subscritos, como em
as subscripts, as in sDA300,50%. The sDA value is expressed
sDA300,50%. O valor da sDA é indicado como uma
as a percentage of area.
porcentagem da área.

a condition in which speech is unintelligible to casual uma condição na qual a fala é ininteligível para ouvintes
speech privacy privacidade de fala
listeners (ANSI T1.523–2001) casuais (ANSI T1.523–2001)

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Portuguese) Portuguese Definition


the distribution of acoustic energy as a function of frequency a distribuição de energia acústica como uma função de
speech spectra espectro de fala
for human speech  frequência para a fala humana

um serviço de transporte com pequenos vagões individuais


a transit service with small, individual rail cars. Spacing
sobre trilhos. A distância entre estações é uniformemente
between stations is uniformly short and ranges from every
curta e varia entre cada quarteirão e um quarto de milha (400
streetcar block to ¼ mile, and operating speeds are primarily 10–30 bonde
metros), as velocidades de operação variam de 10 a 30 mph
mph (15–50 kmh). Streetcar routes typically extend 2–5
(15 a 50 km/h). As rotas de bonde costumam ter de 2 a 5
miles (3-8 kilometers).
milhas (3 a 8 quilômetros).

elements carrying either vertical or horizontal loads (e.g., elementos que suportam cargas verticais ou horizontais (por
structure walls, roofs, and floors) that are considered structurally sound estrutura exemplo, paredes, telhados e pisos) que são considerados
and nonhazardous estruturalmente firmes e não perigosos

provides the information needed to understand, operate, and fornece as informações necessárias para compreender, operar
maintain the systems and assemblies within a building. It e manter os sistemas e conjuntos dentro de um edifício. Ele
expands the scope of the traditional operating and expande o escopo da documentação tradicional de operação e
systems manual maintenance documentation and is compiled of multiple manual de sistemas manutenção e é formado por múltiplos documentos
documents developed during the commissioning process, desenvolvidos durante o processo de comissionamento, como
such as the owner’s project requirements, operation and os requisitos do projeto do proprietário, manuais de operação
maintenance manuals, and sequences of operation.  e manutenção e sequências de operação. 

uma abordagem à hidrologia na qual divisores de água são


an approach to hydrology in which watersheds are modeled modelados para calcular o volume de escoamento de águas
to calculate storm runoff volume, peak rate of discharge, publicação técnica 55 pluviais, pico da taxa de descarga, hidrográficos e volumes
Technical Release (TR) 55
hydrographs, and storage volumes, developed by the former (Technical Release 55) de armazenamento, desenvolvida pelo antigo Serviço de
USDA Soil Conservation Service Preservação do Solo do Departamento de Agricultura dos
EUA (USDA Soil Conservation Service)

a proporção do fluxo de calor radiante emitido por um


the ratio of the radiant heat flux emitted by a specimen to
espécime em relação à emitida por um radiador de corpos
thermal emittance that emitted by a blackbody radiator at the same temperature emitância térmica
negros na mesma temperatura (adaptado de Cool Roof Rating
(adapted from Cool Roof Rating Council)
Council)

uma classificação de refletância solar ou do índice de


three-year aged SR or a solar reflectance or solar reflectance index rating that is valor de SR ou SRI após
refletância solar que é medida após três anos de exposição ao
SRI value measured after three years of weather exposure três anos
ambiente

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

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an arrangement in which customers pay higher fees to use um esquema no qual os clientes pagam tarifas maiores para
time-of-use pricing utilities during peak time periods and lower fees during off- preço por horário do dia utilizar serviços públicos durante os horários de pico e tarifas
peak time periods menores nos horários fora de pico

vehicle storage that is underground, under deck, under roof, armazenamento de veículos que é subterrâneo, sob
undercover parking estacionamento coberto
or under a building plataforma, sob telhado ou sob um edifício

a eletricidade fornecida por uma unidade que mantém


equipamentos de tecnologia da informação (TI) funcionando
the electricity provided by a unit that keeps information
durante um corte no fornecimento de energia. A saída do
technology (IT) equipment functioning during a power
UPS não inclui perdas de eficiência da própria unidade, mas
outage. UPS output does not include efficiency losses from
inclui perdas de componentes de distribuição elétrica a
the unit itself but does include losses from downstream
jusante, como unidades de distribuição de energia, e pode
electrical distribution components, such as power distribution
incluir dispositivos auxiliares que não sejam de TI instalados
units, and it may include non-IT ancillary devices installed in
em racks de TI, como ventiladores. Se o sistema do UPS
uninterruptible power IT racks, such as fans. If the UPS system supports non-IT
saída do no-break (UPS) suportar equipamentos que não são de TI (por exemplo,
supply (UPS) output equipment (e.g., computer room air-conditioning units,
unidades de ar condicionado da sala de computadores,
computer room air handlers, in-row coolers), this usage must
unidades de tratamento de ar da sala de computadores,
be metered and subtracted from the UPS output reading. The
resfriadores em linha), o uso desses equipamentos deve ser
metering approach should be consistent with the metering
medido e subtraído da leitura de saída do UPS. O método de
required for the power usage efficiency (PUE) category (e.g.,
medição deve ser consistente com a medição necessária para
continuous consumption metering for PUE categories 1, 2
a categoria de eficiência do uso de energia (PUE) (por
and 3).
exemplo, medição de consumo contínuo para as categorias 1,
2 e 3 de PUE).

hazardous items that are easily purchased and commonly itens perigosos, que são comprados facilmente e usados com
used. Examples include batteries, pesticides, mercury- frequência. Exemplos incluem baterias, pesticidas,
universal waste resíduo universal
containing equipment, and light bulbs. See equipamentos com mercúrio e lâmpadas. Consulte
epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/universal/index.htm. epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/universal/index.htm.

uma área designada para equipamentos, máquinas ou


an area designed for equipment, machinery, or storage rather
armazenamento, e não para atividades humanas. Uma área de
unoccupied space than for human activities. An equipment area is considered espaço não ocupado
equipamentos só é considerada não ocupada se o acesso ao
unoccupied only if retrieval of equipment is occasional.
equipamento for ocasional.

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um sistema de aquecimento ou resfriamento ou sistema de


a heating or cooling system or control associated with the
controle associado ao sistema de energia do distrito (DES),
district energy system (DES) but not part of the thermal
mas que não faz parte da conexão ou interface térmica com o
connection or interface with the DES. Upstream equipment
upstream equipment equipamento upstream DES. Equipamentos a montante incluem a unidade de
includes the thermal energy conversion plant and all the
conversão de energia térmica e todos os equipamentos de
transmission and distribution equipment associated with
transmissão e distribuição associados ao transporte de energia
transporting the thermal energy to the project building or site.
térmica ao edifício ou terreno do projeto.

the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s certification for certificação do Departamento de Agricultura dos EUA
products that contain at least 95% ingredients (excluding (USDA) para produtos que contêm pelo menos 95% dos
water and salt) produced without synthetic chemicals, ingredientes (exceto água e sal) produzidos sem produtos
certificação orgânica do
USDA Organic antibiotics, or hormones. Any remaining ingredients must químicos sintéticos, antibióticos ou hormônios. Qualquer
USDA (USDA Organic)
consist of USDA-approved nonagricultural substances or ingrediente restante deve consistir em substâncias não
agricultural products that are not commercially available in agrícolas aprovadas pelo USDA ou produtos agrícolas que
organic form. não estão disponíveis comercialmente na forma orgânica.

illuminance levels calculated at a point on a vertical surface, níveis de luminância calculados em um ponto de uma
vertical illuminance luminância vertical
or that occur on a vertical plane. superfície vertical, ou que ocorrem em um plano vertical.

the glass portion of an exterior window that permits views to a parte de vidro de uma janela externa que permite vistas
the exterior or interior. Vision glazing must allow a clear para a área externa ou interna. A visão de vidraça deve
vidraça em área de visão
vision glazing image of the exterior and must not be obstructed by frits, possibilitar uma imagem clara da área externa e não deve ser
(vision glazing)
fibers, patterned glazing, or added tints that distort color obstruída por fritas, fibras, vidraças estampadas ou tintas que
balance. distorçam o equilíbrio de cores.

the distance that a pedestrian must travel between origins a distância que um pedestre deve percorrer entre origens e
and destinations without obstruction, in a safe and destinos sem obstrução, em um ambiente seguro e
comfortable environment on a continuous network of confortável em uma rede contínua de calçadas, caminhos
walking distance sidewalks, all weather-surface footpaths, crosswalks, or distância para caminhar com superfícies para todas as condições climáticas, faixas de
equivalent pedestrian facilities. The walking distance must be pedestres ou instalações para pedestres equivalentes. A
drawn from an entrance that is accessible to all building distância para caminhar deve ser baseada em uma entrada
users. acessível para todos os usuários do edifício.

a management activity that disposes of waste through uma atividade de gestão que descarta resíduos através de
reaproveitamento de
waste diversion methods other than incineration or landfilling. Examples métodos que não sejam incineração ou depósito em aterros
resíduos
include reuse and recycling. sanitários. Exemplos incluem reuso e reciclagem.

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a conversão de materiais residuais não recicláveis em calor,


the conversion of nonrecyclable waste materials into usable
eletricidade ou combustível utilizáveis através de uma
heat, electricity, or fuel through a variety of processes,
waste-to-energy energia de resíduos variedade de processos, incluindo combustão, gaseificação,
including combustion, gasification, pyrolization, anaerobic
pirolização, digestão anaeróbia e recuperação de gás do
digestion, and landfill gas (LFG) recovery
aterro sanitário (LFG).

the surface water of a stream (first-order and higher, a água de superfície de um fluxo de água (de primeira ordem
water body including intermittent streams), arroyo, river, canal, lake, curso de água e maior, incluindo fluxos intermitentes), riacho, rio, canal,
estuary, bay, or ocean. It does not include irrigation ditches. lago, estuário, baía ou oceano. Não inclui valas de irrigação.

um método específico ao projeto para calcular a quantidade


a project-specific method of calculating the amount of water
de água de que o edifício e os terrenos associados precisam.
required by the building and associated grounds. The budget
O orçamento considera demandas de água para espaços
takes into account indoor, outdoor, process, and makeup
internos, espaços externos, processos e água de reposição e
water budget water demands and any on site supply including estimated orçamento para água
qualquer suprimento local, incluindo a estimativa de
rainfall. Water budgets must be associated with a specified
precipitação. Orçamentos para água devem ser associados a
amount of time, such as a week, month, or year and a
um período específico, como uma semana, mês ou ano, e
quantity of water such as kGal, or liters.
uma quantidade de água, como kGal ou litros.

a device installed inside a water pipe to record the volume of um dispositivo instalado dentro de um tubo de água para
wet meter hidrômetro
passing water medir o volume de água que passa pelo tubo

uma área que é inundada ou saturada por água de superfície


an area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground
ou subterrânea com uma frequência e duração suficientes
water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and
para suportar e que, em circunstâncias normais, suporta uma
that under normal circumstances does support, a prevalence
predominância de vegetação adaptada tipicamente para a vida
wetland of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil zona úmida
em condições de solo saturado. Geralmente, zonas úmidas
conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes,
incluem pântanos, charcos, lamaçais e áreas semelhantes,
bogs, and similar areas, but exclude irrigation ditches unless
mas não incluem valas de irrigação, exceto se planejadas
delineated as part of an adjacent wetland.
como parte de uma zona úmida adjacente.

materiais à base de plantas que são elegíveis para


plant-based materials that are eligible for certification under
certificação pelo Conselho de Manejo Florestal (Forest
the Forest Stewardship Council. Examples include bamboo
wood madeira Stewardship Council). Exemplos incluem bambu e palmeira
and palm (monocots) as well as hardwoods (angiosperms)
(monocotiledôneas), bem como madeiras de lei
and softwoods (gymnosperms)
(angiospermas) e madeiras moles (gimnospermas)

xeriscaping landscaping that does not require routine irrigation xeriscape paisagismo que não requer irrigação de rotina

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a vehicle used primarily to facilitate the movement of truck um veículo usado principalmente para facilitar o movimento
trailers and other types of large shipping containers from one de caminhões com reboque e outros tipos de contêineres de
cavalo mecânico de
yard tractor area of a site to another. It does not include forklift transporte grandes de uma área de um terreno para outra. Não
manobra
trucks. Also known as terminal tractor, yard truck, utility inclui empilhadeiras. Também chamado de trator terminal,
tractor rig, yard goat, or yard hustler. caminhão de manobra ou reboque de trator utilitário.

a plot whose building footprint typically aligns or nearly um empreendimento cuja pegada ecológica normalmente se
zero lot line project projeto construído na divisa
aligns with the site limits alinha ou quase se alinha aos limites do terreno

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Propiedad abandonada intencional y permanentemente


property left behind intentionally and permanently when it
cuando el anterior propietario no tiene intención de regresar,
appears that the former owner does not intend to come back,
recuperarla o utilizarla. Se puede haber abandonado la
pick it up, or use it. One may have abandoned the property of
propiedad de los derechos contractuales por no cumplir lo
contract rights by not doing what is required by the contract.
abandoned property propiedad abandonada estipulado en el contrato. Sin embargo, una servidumbre y
However, an easement and other land rights are not
otros derechos sobre el terreno no se consideran propiedad
abandoned property just because of nonuse. Abandoned land
abandonada meramente por falta de uso. El terreno
is defined as land not being used at the present time but that
abandonado se define como terreno no utilizado en el
may have utilities and infrastructure in place.
presente, aunque puede contar con servicios e infraestructura.

Vegetación que no es nativa de una región concreta pero que


vegetation that is not native to a particular region but that has
tiene características que le permiten sobrevivir en esa área.
adapted plant  characteristics that allow it to live in the area. Adapted plants plantas adaptadas
Las plantas adaptadas no implican los mismos problemas que
do not pose the same problems as invasive species.
las especies invasivas.

Sustancia que se añade a un producto (como pinturas o


pisos) para matar o inhibir el crecimiento de
a substance added to a product (e.g., paint, flooring) to kill microorganismos. Algunos productos como el linóleo tienen
or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Some products, propiedades antimicrobianas naturales. A pesar de las
such as linoleum, exhibit natural antimicrobial properties. prácticas actuales, la ciencia no ha demostrado que los
Despite current practice, science has not proven that tratamientos antimicrobianos reduzcan la transmisión de
added antimicrobial agentes antimicrobianos
antimicrobial treatments reduce infection transfer in building infecciones mediante los acabados del edificio más
treatment añadidos
finishes more effectively than standard cleaning procedures. eficazmente que los procedimientos estándar de limpieza.
Also known as added microbial agent. See U.S. EPA También se conoce como agente antimicrobiano añadido.
factsheet, Consumer Products Treated with Pesticides Consulte la lista de la Agencia de Protección
(www.epa.gov/pesticides factsheets/treatart.htm). Medioambiental, EPA (Environmental Protection Agency,
EPA), Consumer Products Treated with Pesticides
(www.epa.gov/pesticides factsheets/treatart.htm).

Sitio con al menos el 25% de sus límites que colindan de


a site having at least a continuous 25% of its boundary
manera ininterrumpida con parcelas previamente
bordering parcels that are previously developed sites. Only
desarrolladas. Considerando solo las parcelas colindantes, no
adjacent site consider bordering parcels, not intervening rights-of-way. sitio/parcela adyacente
pasos de servidumbre implicados. Cualquier fracción de los
Any fraction of the boundary that borders a water body is
límites adyacente a un cuerpo de agua queda excluida del
excluded from the calculation.
cálculo.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Material ajeno a la tierra existente colocado en la superficie


material other than earthen material placed on the surface of
de la cara superior de un relleno sanitario municipal de
the active face of a municipal solid waste landfill at the end
cubrimiento diario residuos sólidos al final de cada día operativo para controlar
alternative daily cover of each operating day to control vectors, fires, odors, blowing
alternativo (alternative los vectores, incendios, olores, dispersión de basuras y
(ADC) litter, and scavenging. Generally these materials must be
daily cover (ADC)) recogidas indeseadas. Normalmente estos materiales deben
processed so they do not allow gaps in the exposed landfill
ser procesados para que no permitan agujeros en la cara
face. (CalRecycle)
expuesta del relleno sanitario. (CalRecycle).

Combustibles poco contaminantes que no sean derivados de


low-polluting, nongasoline fuels such as electricity,
la gasolina, como la electricidad, el hidrógeno, el propano, el
alternative fuel hydrogen, propane, compressed natural gas, liquid natural combustible alternativo
gas natural comprimido, el gas natural líquido, el metanol y
gas, methanol, and ethanol
el etanol.

Agua no potable que no provenga de los servicios públicos,


nonpotable water from other than public utilities, on-site
fuentes superficiales del sitio ni fuentes naturales
surface sources, and subsurface natural freshwater sources.
subterráneas. Algunos ejemplos son las aguas grises, las
alternative water source Examples include graywater, on-site reclaimed water, fuente de agua alternativa
aguas recicladas en el sitio, el agua de lluvia almacenada, la
collected rainwater, captured condensate, and rejected water
condensación capturada o el agua desechada por los sistemas
from reverse osmosis systems (IgCC).
de osmosis inversa (lgCC).

a metric that describes the potential for visual discomfort in Unidad de medida que describe el potencial de malestar
interior work environments. It is defined as the percentage of visual en entornos interiores de trabajo. Se define como el
annual sunlight exposure
an analysis area that exceeds a specified direct sunlight exposición solar anual porcentaje de un área de análisis que excede un nivel
(ASE)
illuminance level more than a specified number of hours per concreto de luminosidad solar durante más de un número
year. concreto de horas al año.

a built-in, nonstructural portion of a roof system. Examples Porción integrada y no estructural de una cubierta. Algunos
appurtenance include skylights, ventilators, mechanical equipment, accesorio ejemplos serían los tragaluces, ventiladores, equipamiento
partitions, and solar energy panels. mecánico, tabiques y paneles de energía solar.

reports the percentage of sensors in the analysis area, using a Informa sobre el porcentaje de sensores en el área de análisis,
maximum 2-foot spacing between points, that are found to be usando una distancia máxima de 0,6 m (2 pies) entre los
exposed to more than 1000 lux of direct sunlight for more puntos, que están expuestos a más de 1000 lux de luz solar
ASE1000,250 than 250 hours per year, before any operable blinds or shades ASE1000,250 directa durante más de 250 horas al año, antes de que
are deployed to block sunlight, considering the same 10 cualquier persiana operativa se despliegue, considerando el
hour/day analysis period as sDA and using comparable mismo periodo de análisis de 10 horas/día que sDA y usando
simulation methods métodos de simulación comparables.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition


Producto fabricado a partir de varios materiales (como el
a product formulated from multiple materials (e.g., concrete) montaje
assembly concreto) o producto compuesto de subcomponentes (como
or a product made up of subcomponents (e.g., a workstation) ensamblado
un puesto de trabajo).
Utilizado por los distritos escolares para determinar qué
the limits used by school districts to determine what school límite de asistencia de una
attendance boundary estudiantes asisten a qué escuela, en función del lugar donde
students attend based on where they live escuela
viven.

the illumination output for light-emitting diode lamps, as Potencia de luz de lámparas de diodos emisores de luz, según
average LED intensity
specified in the International Commission on Illumination intensidad LED media lo especificado en el International Commission on
(ALI)
Standard 127–2007 Illumination Standard 127–2007.

materials and products that make up the building or are Materiales y productos que componen el edificio o están
base building permanently and semi-permanently installed in the project edificio base permanente o temporalmente instalados en el proyecto (como
(e.g., flooring, casework, wall coverings) pisos, armarios o recubrimientos de paredes).

Costo energético anual del diseño de un edificio, usado


baseline building the annual energy cost for a building design, used as a desempeño del edificio de
como línea de base para la comparación con diseños por
performance baseline for comparison with above-standard design referencia
encima de los estándares.

Antes de que se iniciara el proyecto LEED, pero no


before the LEED project was initiated, but not necessarily
necesariamente antes de que tuviera lugar cualquier
before any development or disturbance took place. Baseline
desarrollo o perturbación. Las condiciones de línea de base
baseline condition conditions describe the state of the project site on the date the condición de referencia
describen el estado del sitio del proyecto en la fecha en que el
developer acquired rights to a majority of its buildable land
desarrollador adquirió los derechos sobre la mayoría del
through purchase or option to purchase.
terreno edificable mediante la compra u opción de compra.

Estimación calculada del consumo de agua de un edificio


a calculated projection of building water use assuming code- suponiendo que hay accesorios y apliques de plomería que
baseline water consumo de agua de
compliant fixtures and fittings with no additional savings cumplan con los códigos, y sin ahorros adicionales en
consumption referencia
compared with the design case or actual water meter data comparación con el caso diseñado ni los datos reales del
medidor de agua.

the information necessary to accomplish the owner’s project Información de diseño necesaria para cumplir con los
requirements, including system descriptions, indoor requisitos del propietario para el proyecto, incluyendo las
basis of design (BOD) environmental quality criteria, design assumptions, and bases del diseño descripciones del sistema, los criterios de calidad ambiental
references to applicable codes, standards, regulations, and interior, las hipótesis de diseño y las referencias a los
guidelines códigos, estándares, normativas y pautas de aplicación.

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Red continua que consista en cualquiera de las siguientes


a continuous network consisting of any combination of the combinaciones: 1) veredas o senderos para bicicletas
following 1) off street bicycle paths or trails at least 8 feet separados de las calles de al menos 2,5 metros (8 pies) de
(2.5 meters) wide for a two-way path and at least 5 feet (1.5 ancho en senderos de dos sentidos y 1,5 metros (5 pies) de
bicycle network Ciclovía
meters) wide for a one-way path 2) physically designated on- ancho en senderos de un solo sentido; 2) carriles de bicicleta
street bicycle lanes at least 5 feet (1.5 meters) wide 3) streets señalizados físicamente dentro de las calles de al menos 1,5
designed for a target speed of 25 mph (40 kmh) metros (5 pies) de ancho; o 3) calles diseñadas para una
velocidad de 40 km/hora (25 mph).

the distance that a bicyclist must travel between origins and


Distancia que un ciclista tiene que recorrer entre el origen y
bicycling distance destinations, the entirety of which must be on a bicycle distancia en bicicleta
el destino, la totalidad de la cual debe transcurrir en ciclovías.
network.

commercial or industrial products (other than food or feed) Artículos comerciales o industriales (que no sean alimento
that are composed in whole, or in significant part, of humano ni animal) la totalidad o parte sustancial de los
biological products, renewable agricultural materials materiales de origen cuales consista en productos biológicos, materiales agrícolas
bio-based material
(including plant, animal, and marine materials), or forestry biológico renovables (incluyendo materiales vegetales, animales y
materials. For the purposes of LEED, this excludes leather marinos) o forestales. LEED no contempla el cuero ni
and other animal hides. ninguna otra piel animal.

wastewater containing urine or fecal matter that should be Aguas residuales que contienen orina o materias fecales que
discharged to the sanitary drainage system of the building or deberían verterse al sistema de alcantarillado del edificio o de
premises in accordance with the International Plumbing las instalaciones según el International Plumbing Code. Las
blackwater Code. Wastewater from kitchen sinks (sometimes aguas negras aguas residuales de los fregaderos (a veces se diferencian por
differentiated by the use of a garbage disposal), showers, or el uso de un triturador de residuos), las duchas o las bañeras
bathtubs is considered blackwater under some state or local se consideran aguas negras en virtud de algunos códigos
codes. estatales o locales.

Eliminación del agua de reposición del sistema de


the removal of makeup water from a cooling tower or
recirculación de una torre de enfriamiento o de un
blowdown evaporative condenser recirculation system to reduce descarga
condensador de evaporación para reducir la concentración de
concentrations of dissolved solids
sólidos disueltos.

Bien inmueble o la expansión, redesarrollo o reutilización del


real property or the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of
mismo cuyo uso puede implicar una complicación por la
brownfield which may be complicated by the presence or possible brownfield
presencia o posible presencia de una sustancia peligrosa o
presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.
contaminante.

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a luminaire classification system that classifies luminaires in Sistema que clasifica las luminarias usando siglas en inglés
terms of backlight (B), uplight (U), and glare (G) (taken from clasificación BUG (BUG en términos de retroiluminación (B), iluminación hacia arriba
BUG rating
IES/IDA Model Lighting Ordinance). BUG ratings supersede rating) (U) y resplandor (G). La clasificación BUG reemplaza a la
the former cutoff ratings. anterior clasificación según el ancho del haz de luz.

the portion of the site where construction can occur, Área del sitio que puede desarrollarse, incluyendo terreno
including land voluntarily set aside and not constructed on. apartado voluntariamente y sin construir. Cuando se usa en
buildable land When used in density calculations, buildable land excludes terreno edificable los cálculos de densidad, el terreno edificable excluye las
public rights-of-way and land excluded from development by zonas públicas de servidumbre de paso y el terreno excluido
codified law. del desarrollo según la legislación codificada.

Sistemas primario y secundario de impermeabilización de


a structure’s primary and secondary weatherproofing system,
una estructura, incluyendo las membranas de
including waterproofing membranes and air- and water-
building exterior exterior del edificio impermeabilización y los materiales de barrera resistentes al
resistant barrier materials, and all building elements outside
aire y al agua, así como todos los elementos del edificio fuera
that system
de dicho sistema.
Todo lo que se encuentra dentro de la membrana de
building interior everything inside a structure’s weatherproofing membrane interior del edificio
impermeabilización de una estructura.

Sistema de autobús mejorado que opera en carriles bus


an enhanced bus system that operates on exclusive bus lanes
exclusivos u otras vías preferenciales. Está diseñado para
bus rapid transit or other transit rights-of-way. The system is designed to autobús de tránsito rápido
combinar la flexibilidad de los autobuses con la eficiencia del
combine the flexibility of buses with the efficiency of rail.
tren.

a unit of carbon dioxide equivalent that is reduced, avoided, Unidad de equivalente de dióxido de carbono que se reduce,
carbon offset or sequestered to compensate for emissions occurring compensaciones de carbono evita o secuestra para compensar las emisiones que suceden
elsewhere (World Resources Institute) en otro lugar (World Resources Institute).

Procedimiento de documentación de un producto desde


a procedure that tracks a product from the point of harvest or
cadena de custodia (chain- punto de recolección o extracción hasta su uso final, incluidas
chain of custody (CoC) extraction to its end use, including all successive stages of
of-custody) las etapas posteriores de procesamiento, transformación,
processing, transformation, manufacturing, and distribution
fabricación y distribución.

an intensive, multiparty workshop that brings people from Taller intensivo y diverso que aúna a personas de distintas
charrette different disciplines and backgrounds together to explore, taller de diseño (charrette) disciplinas y ámbitos para explorar, generar y producir
generate, and collaboratively produce design options colaborativamente opciones de diseño.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

a fluid, containing hydrocarbons, that absorbs heat from a Fluido con contenido en hidrocarburos que absorbe el calor
chlorofluorocarbon reservoir at low temperatures and rejects heat at higher refrigerantes con de un reservorio a baja temperatura y expulsa el calor a más
(CFC)-based refrigerant temperatures. When emitted into the atmosphere, CFCs cause clorofluorocarbono (CFC) alta temperatura. Cuando se emite a la atmósfera, el CFC
depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. causa el agotamiento de la capa estratosférica de ozono.

Momento de la mañana (amanecer) o de la tarde (atardecer)


the point in time in the morning (dawn) or evening (dusk)
cuando el centro del sol está geométricamente 6 grados por
when the center of the sun is geometrically 6 degrees below
debajo del horizonte. Con buenas condiciones climáticas, el
the horizon. Under good weather conditions, civil twilight is
crepúsculo civil es el mejor momento para distinguir
civil twilight the best time to distinguish terrestrial objects clearly. Before crepúsculo civil
claramente los objetos terrestres. Antes del crepúsculo civil
civil twilight in the morning and after civil twilight in the
por la mañana y después del crepúsculo civil por la tarde,
evening, artificial illumination normally is required to carry
suele ser necesaria iluminación artificial para llevar a cabo
on ordinary outdoor activities.
actividades ordinarias al aire libre.

a space that is regularly occupied and used for educational Espacio regularmente ocupado y utilizado para actividades
activities. In such space, the primary functions are teaching educativas. En un espacio de este tipo, las principales
classroom or core aula o espacio central de
and learning, and good speech communication is critical to funciones son la enseñanza y el aprendizaje, y una buena
learning space aprendizaje
students’ academic achievement. (Adapted from ANSI comunicación es crítica para el desempeño académico de los
S12.60) estudiantes. (Adaptado de ANSI S12.60).

Materiales que no presentan ninguna amenaza para el ser


nonhazardous materials left over from construction and
clean waste residuos limpios humano, resultantes de la construcción y demolición. Los
demolition. Clean waste excludes lead and asbestos.
residuos limpios no contienen plomo ni asbestos.

Vidrio transparente que permite la visión a través de la


glass that is transparent and allows a view through the acristalamiento transparente
clear glazing ventanería. El acristalamiento difuso solo permite la
fenestration. Diffused glazing allows only daylighting.
iluminación natural.

Sistema que actúa como disipador de calor para equipamiento


a system that acts as a heat sink for heat-rejecting building de expulsión de calor del edificio o médico mediante la
and medical equipment by recirculating water. Because the recirculación de agua. Como el agua está sellada dentro del
enfriamiento de circuito
closed-loop cooling water is sealed within the system, some closed-loop cooling sistema, algunos sistemas de enfriamiento de circuito cerrado
cerrado
systems use nonpotable water (such as recycled process water usan agua no potable (como agua de procesos reciclada
harvested from an air handler's cooling coil condensate). recogida del serpentín de refrigeración de una unidad de
acondicionamiento de aire).

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Medida de 0 a 100 que indica la precisión en la reproducción


a measurement from 0 to 100 that indictes how accurately an de tonos de una fuente de luz artificial en comparación con
artificial light source, as compared with an incandescent una luz incandescente. Cuanto más alto sea el índice, mayor
light, displays hues. The higher the index number, the more es la precisión de la luz en la reproducción cromática. La
accurately the light is rendering colors. Incandescent lighting iluminación incandescente tiene un índice de reproducción
índice de reproducción
color rendering index has a color rendering index above 95; standard high-pressure cromática superior a 95, las lámparas convencionales de
cromática
sodium lighting (such as orange-hued roadway lights) sodio de alta presión (como las luces anaranjadas de las
measures approximately 25; many fluorescent sources using carreteras) tienen aproximadamente 25, muchas fuentes
rare earth phosphors have a color rendering index of 80 and fluorescentes que usan fósforos de tierras raras tienen un
above. (Adapted from U.S. ENERGY STAR) índice de reproducción cromática de 80 y superior.
(Adaptado de U.S. ENERGY STAR).

combination oven water released from an oven that includes a steam cycle or descarga de horno de Agua descargada de un horno que incluya un ciclo u opción
discharge option combinación de vapor.
Sistema integrado que captura el calor, que de otro modo no
an integrated system that captures the heat, otherwise se usaría, generado por una sola fuente de combustible en la
unused, generated by a single fuel source in the production of producción combinada de producción de energía eléctrica. También conocido como
combined heat and power
electrical power. Also known as cogeneration. (Adapted from calor y electricidad cogeneración. (Adaptado de la Agencia de Protección
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) Ambiental de Estados Unidos (U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency)).
Flujos de desechos del edificio que se combinan en el sitio
building waste streams that are combined on the project site
del proyecto y se llevan a otro lugar para su separación en
commingled waste and hauled away for sorting into recyclable streams. Also desechos no separados
categorías de reciclaje. También conocido como reciclaje de
known as single-stream recycling.
un solo flujo.

the process of verifying and documenting that a building and Proceso de verificar y documentar que un edificio y todos sus
all of its systems and assemblies are planned, designed, sistemas y ensamblajes están planificados, diseñados,
commissioning (Cx) comisionamiento (Cx)
installed, tested, operated, and maintained to meet the instalados, probados, operados y mantenidos de modo que se
owner’s project requirements cumplan los requisitos del propietario del proyecto.

Individuo designado para organizar, dirigir y revisar la


the individual designated to organize, lead, and review the
finalización de las actividades del proceso de
completion of commissioning process activities. The CxA
comisionamiento. La autoridad de comisionamiento facilita la
commissioning authority facilitates communication among the owner, designer, and autoridad de
comunicación entre el propietario, el diseñador y el
(CxA) contractor to ensure that complex systems are installed and comisionamiento
contratista para asegurar que los sistemas complejos se hayan
function in accordance with the owner’s project
instalado y funcionen de acuerdo con los requisitos del
requirements.
propietario del proyecto.

Medida del nivel de sólidos disueltos en agua, usando la


the measurement of the level of dissolved solids in water,
capacidad de una corriente eléctrica de circular a través del
using the ability of an electric current to pass through water.
conductivity conductividad agua. Como resulta afectada por la temperatura, la
Because it is affected by temperature, conductivity is
conductividad se mide a 25°C por motivos de
measured at 25°C for standardization.
estandarización.

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El sistema más convencional en una región para proporcionar
a region’s most common system for providing water to
agua a las plantas de modo no natural. Un sistema de
plants by nonnatural means. A conventional irrigation system
conventional irrigation riego convencional irrigación convencional suele usar la presión para suministrar
commonly uses pressure to deliver water and distributes it
agua y la distribuye mediante aspersores por encima de la
through sprinkler heads above the ground.
superficie.

the water discharged from a cooling tower typically because Agua de descarga de la torre de enfriamiento normalmente
increased salinity or alkalinity has caused scaling. Cooling purga de la torre de debido a la aparición de sarro por aumento en la salinidad o
cooling tower blowdown
tower blowdown may be too saline for use in landscape enfriamiento en la alcalinidad. La purga de la torre de enfriamiento podría
irrigation. ser demasiado salina para su uso en irrigación.

analysis of a product’s partial life cycle, from resource Análisis del ciclo de vida parcial de un producto, desde la
extraction (cradle) to the factory gate (before it is transported evaluación de la cuna a la extracción del recurso (cuna) a la puerta de la fábrica (antes
cradle-to-gate assessment
for distribution and sale). It omits the use and the disposal puerta (cradle-to-gate) de su transporte para distribución y venta). Omite las fases de
phases of the product. uso y eliminación del producto.

an officially designated geographic area that includes both Área geográfica oficialmente designada que incluye tanto
cultural and natural resources associated with a historic recursos culturales como naturales asociados a eventos,
cultural landscape paisaje cultural
event, activity, or person or that exhibits other significant actividades o personajes históricos o que ofrece otros valores
cultural or aesthetic values culturales o estéticos significativos.

the implementation of the owner’s project requirements, Implementación de los requisitos del propietario del
current facilities requisitos actualizados de
developed to confirm the owner’s current operational needs proyecto, desarrollados para confirmar las necesidades y
requirements (CFR) las instalaciones
and requirements requisitos operativos actuales del propietario.

Área designada en el interior de un edificio o en unas


a designated area in a building space or a central facility that
instalaciones centrales que se aparta y se asigna a una tarea
is sized and allocated for a specific task, such as the
específica, como la recolección de desechos reciclables. La
collection of recyclable waste. Signage often indicates the
señalética a menudo indica el tipo de materiales reciclables
type of recyclable waste stored there. Some waste streams,
almacenados. Algunos flujos de desechos, como el de
such as mercury-based light bulbs, sensitive paper zona de almacenamiento
dedicated storage bombillas con mercurio, documentos sensibles, residuos
documents, biomedical waste, or batteries, may require reservada
biomédicos o baterías, podrían requerir métodos específicos
particular handling or disposal methods. Consult the
de manipulación o eliminación. Consulte los procedimientos
municipality’s safe storage and disposal procedures or use
municipales seguros para almacenamiento y eliminación o
guidelines posted on the U.S. Environmental Protection
use las directrices publicadas en la página web de la U.S.
Agency website, at www.epa.gov.
Environmental Protection Agency en www.epa.gov.

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Cambio en el consumo de electricidad mediante recursos


a change in electricity use by demand-side resources from disponibles para los usuarios, quienes modifican sus patrones
their normal consumption patterns in response to changes in habituales de consumo en respuesta a los cambios en el
demand response (DR) the price of electricity or to incentive payments designed to respuesta a la demanda precio de la electricidad o para incentivar pagos. Diseñado
induce lower electricity use at times of high wholesale para inducir a un menor consumo de electricidad en los
market prices or when system reliability is jeopardized momentos de precios altos de distribución al por mayor o
cuando la fiabilidad del sistema está en peligro.

a specific period of time when the utility or independent Periodo específico en el que el proveedor del servicio u
demand response (DR) service operator calls for a change in the pattern or level of situación de respuesta a la operador independiente solicita un cambio en el patrón o
event use in grid-based electricity from its program participants. demanda nivel de consumo de redes eléctricas a los participantes en el
Also known as a curtailment event. programa. También conocida como situación de restricción.

a temporary interior wall that can be easily reconfigured. In a Muro interior temporal que puede reconfigurarse fácilmente.
health care facility, acoustical concerns and embedded En instalaciones médicas, por ejemplo en un quirófano, los
demountable partition tabique desmontable
equipment, as in a surgery suite, may prevent demountable problemas acústicos y el equipamiento instalado podrían
partitions from being used imposibilitar el uso de tabiques desmontables.

an area with a design occupant density of 25 people or more espacios densamente Área con una densidad de ocupación según diseño de 25
densely occupied space
per 1,000 square feet (93 square meters) ocupados personas o más por cada 93 metros cuadrados (1000 pies).

Medida de la superficie total de piso o de las unidades de


a measure of the total building floor area or dwelling units
vivienda de una parcela con relación al terreno edificable de
on a parcel of land relative to the buildable land of that
density densidad dicha parcela. Las unidades para medir la densidad difieren
parcel. Units for measuring density may differ according to
según los requisitos del crédito. No incluye el
credit requirements. Does not include structured parking.
estacionamiento estructural.

– La superficie del piso de un departamento clínico de


– the floor area of a diagnostic and treatment of clinical
superficie bruta del diagnóstico y tratamiento, calculada desde el centro de los
department, calculated from the centerline of the walls
departmental gross area departamento muros que separan el departamento de los espacios
separating the department from adjacent spaces. Walls and
(DGA) (departamental gross square adyacentes. Las paredes y el espacio de circulación dentro del
circulations space within the department are included in the
footage (DGSF)) departamento se incluyen en el cálculo. Este cálculo excluye
calculation. This calculation excludes inpatient units.
las unidades de pacientes hospitalizados.

Superficie total del sitio del proyecto cubierta por edificios,


the total land area of a project site covered by buildings,
calles, áreas de estacionamiento y otras superficies
development footprint streets, parking areas, and other typically impermeable huella del desarrollo
típicamente impermeables construidas como parte del
surfaces constructed as part of the project
proyecto.

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a state in which two materials with different life spans make Estado en el que dos materiales con diferentes vidas útiles
up one complete component. If one material wears out and constituyen un solo componente. Si un material se gasta y no
differential durability durabilidad diferencial
cannot be separated and replaced, the entire product must be puede ser separado y sustituido, hay que tirar el producto
thrown away. completo.

Modo de entrar en un espacio sin tener que abandonar la


a means of entering a space without having to leave the floor planta o pasar por la habitación de otro paciente, espacio para
or pass through another patient’s room, dedicated staff space, el personal, espacio de servicios o instalaciones o espacio
direct access service or utility space, or major public space. Patients’ and acceso directo público principal. Los pasillos para pacientes y circulación
public circulation corridors, common sitting areas, and pública, las zonas comunes con asientos, los espacios de
waiting and day space may be part of a direct access route. espera y de estancia durante el día pueden formar parte de
una ruta de acceso directo.

an interior horizontal measurement of 1,000 lux or more of Medida interior horizontal de 1000 lux o más de un haz
direct beam sunlight that accounts for window transmittance directo de luz natural que incluye la transmitancia de la
and angular effects, and excludes the effect of any operable ventana y los efectos angulares y excluye el efecto de
direct sunlight iluminación natural directa
blinds, with no contribution from reflected light (i.e., a zero persianas operables, sin contribución de luz reflejada (es
bounce analysis) and no contribution from the diffuse sky decir, cero análisis de rebote) ni del componente de radiación
component (Adapted from IES) difusa de cielo (Adaptado del IES).

a central energy conversion plant and transmission and Planta de conversión de energía central y sistema de
distribution system that provides thermal energy to a group of sistema de energía transmisión y distribución que proporciona energía térmica a
district energy system
buildings (e.g., a central cooling plant on a university centralizado (district energy un grupo de edificios (como una planta de enfriamiento
(DES)
campus). It does not include central energy systems that system (DES)) central en un campus universitario). No incluye los sistemas
provide only electricity. centrales de energía que proporcionen solo electricidad.

Negocio u organización distinguible que ofrece bienes o


a distinct business or organization that provides goods or
servicios destinados a satisfacer las necesidades diarias y que
services intended to meet daily needs and is publicly
diverse use uso diverso está disponible públicamente. No se incluyen instalaciones
available. Automated facilities such as ATMs or vending
automáticas como cajeros automáticos. El Apéndice incluye
machines are not included. For a full list, see the Appendix.
una lista completa.

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Los sistemas de calefacción y refrigeración, el equipamiento


the heating and cooling systems, equipment, and controls
y los controles situados en el edificio del proyecto o en el
located in the project building or on the project site and
sitio del proyecto y asociados con transportar la energía
associated with transporting the thermal energy of the district
térmica del sistema de energía del distrito hasta espacios con
downstream equipment energy system (DES) into heated and cooled spaces. downstream equipment
calefacción y refrigeración. El equipamiento downstream
Downstream equipment includes the thermal connection or
incluye la conexión o interfaz térmica con el sistema de
interface with the DES, secondary distribution systems in the
energía del distrito, los sistemas de distribución secundarios
building, and terminal units.
del edificio y las unidades terminales.

Productos con una vida útil de aproximadamente dos o más


products with a useful life of approximately two or more
años y que se reemplazan esporádicamente. Algunos
years and that are replaced infrequently. Examples include bienes duraderos (durable
durable goods ejemplos son el mobiliario, el equipamiento de oficina, los
furniture, office equipment, appliances, external power goods)
electrodomésticos, los adaptadores de alimentación externos,
adapters, televisions, and audiovisual equipment.
las televisiones y el equipo audiovisual.

the flow of long-lasting products from the project building Flujo de productos duraderos desde el edificio del proyecto
after they are fully depreciated and have reached the end of cuando han sido totalmente amortizados y han alcanzado el
durable goods waste their useful life for normal business operations. It includes flujo de desechos de bienes final de su vida útil en operaciones normales del negocio.
stream leased durable goods returned to their owner but does not duraderos Incluye bienes duraderos alquilados que vuelven a su
include durable goods that remain functional and are moved propietario pero no incluye bienes duraderos que sigan siendo
to another floor or building. funcionales y se trasladen a otra planta o edificio.

the conductors, including the ungrounded, grounded, and Los conductores, incluyendo conductores con y sin puesta a
equipment grounding conductors, the electric vehicle tierra y conductores de puesta a tierra de los equipos,
connectors, attachment plugs, and all other fittings, devices, conectores de vehículos eléctricos, clavijas y cualquier otro
electric vehicle supply equipamiento de recarga de
power outlets or apparatuses installed specifically for the accesorio, dispositivo, toma de corriente o aparato instalado
equipment vehículos eléctricos
purpose of delivering energy from the premises wiring to the específicamente con el fin de proporcionar energía desde la
electric vehicle. (National Electric Codes and California red del edificio al vehículo eléctrico. (National Electric
Article 625) Codes y California Article 625)

Equipamiento de oficina desechado (computadoras,


discarded office equipment (computers, monitors, copiers,
monitores, fotocopiadoras, impresoras, escáneres, faxes),
printers, scanners, fax machines), appliances (refrigerators,
electronic waste desechos electrónicos electrodomésticos (refrigeradores, lavavajillas, dispensadores
dishwashers, water coolers), external power adapters, and
de agua), adaptadores de alimentación externos y televisiones
televisions and other audiovisual equipment
o cualquier otro equipo audiovisual.

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mercury in its purest form (rather than a mercury-containing Mercurio en su forma más pura (no en un compuesto que
elemental mercury compound), the vapor of which is commonly used in mercurio elemental contenga mercurio), cuyo vapor suele usarse en bombillas
fluorescent and other bulb types fluorescentes y de otros tipos.

a luminaire that operates only during emergency conditions Luminaria que opera solo en situaciones de emergencia y
emergency lighting iluminación de emergencia
and is always off during normal building operation está apagada durante las operaciones normales del edificio.

a nonresidential area of at least 5 acres (2 hectares) with a lugar con alta densidad de Zona no residencial de al menos 2 hectáreas (5 acres) con
employment center job density of at least 50 employees per net acre (at least 125 puestos de trabajo una densidad de puestos de al menos 125 empleados por
employees per hectare net) (employment center) hectárea neta (50 empleados por acre neto).

Las partes exteriores y semiexteriores del edificio. El exterior


the exterior plus semi-exterior portions of the building.
consiste en los elementos de un edificio que separan los
Exterior consists of the elements of a building that separate
espacios climatizados de lo que hay fuera (como las paredes).
conditioned spaces from the outside (i.e., the wall assembly).
El semiexterior consiste en los elementos de un edificio que
Semiexterior consists of the elements of a building that
enclosure recinto separan los espacios climatizados de los no climatizados o
separate conditioned space from unconditioned space or that
que cercan espacios semiclimatizados mediante los cuales la
encloses semi-heated space through which thermal energy
energía térmica podría transferirse hacia o desde el exterior o
may be transferred to or from the exterior or conditioned or
espacios no climatizados (como el ático, el forjado sanitario o
unconditioned spaces (e.g., attic, crawl space, basement).
el sótano).

Nombramiento que permite que una entidad externa, como el


a designation that allows an outside entity, such as USGBC,
USGBC, acceda a la información relativa al consumo de agua
to access water and energy usage information that a building proveedor de servicios
energy service provider y energía que el equipo de gestión de un edificio conserva en
management team maintains with ENERGY STAR Portfolio energéticos
ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager u otra herramienta
Manager or a similar tool
similar.

a substance designed at the molecular (nanometer) level. Sustancia diseñada a nivel molecular (nanoescala). Debido a
Because of its small size, it has novel properties generally not su pequeño tamaño, tiene propiedades nuevas que
seen in its conventional bulk counterpart. See the Australian normalmente no existen en sus contrapartes de mayor escala.
engineered nanomaterial National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment nanomaterial artificial Consulte el Australian National Industrial Chemicals
Scheme, Notification and Assessment Scheme,
nicnas.gov.au/publications/information_sheets/general_infor nicnas.gov.au/publications/information_sheets/general_infor
mation_sheets/nis_nanomaterials_pdf.pdf. mation_sheets/nis_nanomaterials_pdf.pdf.

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a statement that the item meets the environmental Informe que afirma que el artículo cumple con los requisitos
environmental product declaración ambiental de
requirements of ISO 14021–1999, ISO 14025–2006 and EN ambientales de ISO 14021–1999, ISO 14025–2006 y EN
declaration producto
15804, or ISO 21930–2007 15804, o ISO 21930–2007.

Combinación de la evaporación y la transpiración de la


the combination of evaporation and plant transpiration into
vegetación a la atmósfera. La evaporación tiene lugar cuando
the atmosphere. Evaporation occurs when liquid water from
el agua líquida de la tierra, las superficies de la planta o los
evapotranspiration soil, plant surfaces, or water bodies becomes vapor. evapotranspiración
cuerpos de agua se convierte en vapor. La transpiración es el
Transpiration is the movement of water through a plant and
movimiento del agua a través de la planta y la consiguiente
the subsequent loss of water vapor.
pérdida de vapor de agua.

Medidas tomadas por el fabricante de un producto para


measures undertaken by the maker of a product to accept its
aceptar sus propios productos y a veces los de otros
own and sometimes other manufacturers’ products as
fabricantes como desechos postconsumo al final de la vida
postconsumer waste at the end of the products’ useful life.
útil del producto. Los productores recuperan y reciclan los
Producers recover and recycle the materials for use in new
extended producer responsabilidad ampliada materiales para su uso en nuevos productos del mismo tipo.
products of the same type. To count toward credit
responsibility del productor Para que se considere que un programa cumple con el
compliance, a program must be widely available. For carpet,
crédito, debe estar plenamente disponible. En el caso de las
extended producer responsibility must be consistent with
alfombras, la responsabilidad ampliada del productor debe
NSF/ANSI 140–2007. Also known as closed-loop program or
cumplir con el NSF/ANSI 1402007–2007. También conocido
product take-back.
como programa de ciclo cerrado o retorno del producto.

Superficie cubierta con plantas que normalmente no está


a roof that is covered with plants and typically not designed
diseñada para el acceso general. Generalmente, un sistema
for general access. Usually an extensive system is a rugged
extensivo es una cubierta que requiere poco mantenimiento
green roof that requires little maintenance once established.
una vez está consolidada. La profundidad del sustrato de las
extensive vegetated roof The planting medium in extensive vegetated roofs ranges cubierta vegetal extensiva
cubiertas vegetales extensivas oscila entre 2,5 y 15 cm (de 1 a
from 1 to 6 inches in depth. (Adapted from U.S. EPA)
6 pulgadas). (Adaptado de la EPA, EE. UU.) La superficie
exterior vegetated surface area the total area of vegetation on
exterior vegetal es la superficie total de vegetación del sitio
the project site, including vegetated roofs and turf grass
del proyecto, incluyendo las cubiertas vegetales y el césped.

a device installed on the outside of a water pipe to record the Dispositivo instalado en el exterior de una tubería de agua
external meter volume of water passing through it. Also known as a clamp- medidor externo para registrar el volumen de agua que la atraviesa. También
on meter. conocido como medidor de pinza.

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Densidad del uso del terreno no residencial, excluyendo


the density of nonresidential land use, exclusive of parking,
estacionamiento, medida como la superficie de
measured as the total nonresidential building floor
construcción no residencial total dividida entre la superficie
area divided by the total buildable land area available for
edificable total disponible para estructuras no residenciales.
nonresidential structures. For example, on a site with 10,000
coeficiente de Por ejemplo, en un sitio de 930 metros cuadrados (10 000
square feet (930 square meters) of buildable land area, an
floor-area ratio (FAR) edificabilidad (floor-area pies2) de superficie de terreno edificable, un COS de 1,0
FAR of 1.0 would be 10,000 square feet (930 square meters)
ratio (FAR)) serían 930 metros cuadrados (10 000 pies2) de superficie de
of building floor area. On the same site, an FAR of 1.5 would
piso construida. En ese mismo sitio, un COS de 1,5 serían
be 15,000 square feet (1395 square meters), an FAR of 2.0
1395 metros cuadrados (15 000 pies2), un COS de 2,0 serían
would be 20,000 square feet (1860 square meters), and an
1860 metros cuadrados (20 000 pies2) y un COS de 0,5
FAR of 0.5 would be 5,000 square feet (465 square meters).
serían 465 metros cuadrados (5000 pies2).

El agua extraída mediante un sistema de drenaje subterráneo.


the water discharged from a subsurface drainage system. If a
Si los cimientos de un edificio están bajo el nivel freático,
building foundation is below the water table, a sump pump
foundation drain drenaje de los cimientos podría ser necesaria una bomba de achique. El agua
may be required. Discharge from the sump may be stored and
proveniente de achicar puede almacenarse y usarse para
used for irrigation.
riego.

Núcleo de negocios relacionados con las mercancías que


a cluster of freight-related businesses that include intermodal
incluye operaciones de transporte intermodal. Los freight
transfer operations. Freight villages may offer logistics
villages pueden ofrecer servicios logísticos, distribución
services, integrated distribution, warehousing capabilities,
integrada, posibilidades de almacenamiento, salas de
showrooms, and support services. Such support services may
freight village freight village exposición y servicios auxiliares. Dichos servicios auxiliares
include security, maintenance, mail, banking, customs and
pueden incluir seguridad, mantenimiento, correo, banca,
import management assistance, cafeterias, restaurants, office
aduanas y asistencia con importaciones, cafeterías,
space, conference rooms, hotels, and public or activity center
restaurantes, espacio de oficinas, salas de conferencias,
transportation.
hoteles y centro de transporte público o de actividades.

Ingreso de un edificio diseñado para ser usado por peatones y


a building opening designed to be used by pedestrians and
estar abierto durante el horario laboral habitual. No incluye
open during regular business hours. It does not include any
functional entry entrada operativa ninguna puerta diseñada exclusivamente como salida de
door exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage
emergencia, ni puertas de garaje no diseñadas como entrada
door not designed as a pedestrian entrance.
peatonal.

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Elementos de mobiliario exentos adquiridos para el proyecto,


the stand-alone furniture items purchased for the project,
incluyendo asientos individuales y de grupo, puestos de
including individual and group seating; open-plan and
trabajo para oficinas abiertas y despachos privados, mesas y
private-office workstations; desks and tables; storage units,
escritorios, unidades de almacenamiento, aparadores,
credenzas, bookshelves, filing cabinets, and other case goods;
librerías, archivadores y demás armarios, elementos
wall-mounted visual-display products (e.g., marker boards
empotrados para presentaciones (como pizarras y tableros,
and tack boards, excluding electronic displays); and
furniture and furnishings mobiliario y accesorios pero no dispositivos electrónicos) y artículos variados como
miscellaneous items, such as easels, mobile carts,
caballetes, carritos móviles, pantallas exentas, textiles
freestanding screens, installed fabrics, and movable
instalados y tabiques móviles. El equipamiento de hostelería
partitions. Hospitality furniture is included as applicable to
se incluye dentro del proyecto. Los accesorios de oficina
the project. Office accessories, such as desktop blotters, trays,
como secantes de escritorio, bandejas, dispensadores de cinta,
tape dispensers, waste baskets, and all electrical items, such
papeleras y todos los artículos eléctricos como luces y
as lighting and small appliances, are excluded.
pequeños electrodomésticos están excluidos.

Unidad métrica usada para comunicar cuántos gramos de


metric used to communicate how many grams of emissions gramos por hora de
grams per brake emisiones (en óxido de nitrógeno u otra materia concreta) se
(e.g., nitrogen oxide or particulate matter) are emitted by an caballos de potencia de
horsepower hour emiten usando un motor con una potencia específica durante
engine of a specific horsepower rating over a one-hour period freno
un periodo de una hora.

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“untreated household waste water which has not come into "Aguas residuales domésticas no tratadas que no hayan
contact with toilet waste. Graywater includes used water estado en contacto con aguas negras. Las aguas grises
from bathtubs, showers, bathroom wash basins, and water incluyen el agua usada de bañeras, duchas, tinas del baño y
from clothes-washers and laundry tubs. It must not include agua de lavadoras y tinas de lavar ropa. No puede incluir
waste water from kitchen sinks or dishwashers” (Uniform agua residual de la cocina de fregaderos o lavavajillas".
Plumbing Code, Appendix G, Gray Water Systems for (Uniform Plumbing Code, Appendix G, Gray Water Systems
Single-Family Dwellings); “waste water discharged from for Single-Family Dwellings); “agua residual de baños,
graywater lavatories, bathtubs, showers, clothes washers and laundry aguas grises bañeras, duchas, lavadoras y tinas de lavar ropa”
sinks” (International Plumbing Code, Appendix C, Gray (International Plumbing Code, Appendix C, Gray Water
Water Recycling Systems). Some states and local authorities Recycling Systems). Algunos estados y autoridades locales
allow kitchen sink wastewater to be included in graywater. permiten la inclusión del agua residual de las tinas de cocina.
Other differences can likely be found in state and local codes. Pueden hallarse otras diferencias entre códigos estatales y
Project teams should comply with the graywater definition locales. Los equipos de proyecto deberían cumplir con la
established by the authority having jurisdiction in the project definición de aguas grises establecida por la autoridad
area. competente en la zona del proyecto.

Enfoque de gestión de climas húmedos basado en el suelo y


a soil- and vegetation-based approach to wet weather
la vegetación que es rentable, sustentable y respetuoso con el
management that is cost-effective, sustainable, and
medio ambiente. Los enfoques y tecnologías de gestión de
environmentally friendly. Green infrastructure management
infraestructuras verdes infiltran, evapotranspiran, capturan y
green infrastructure approaches and technologies infiltrate, evapotranspire, infraestructura verde
reutilizan las aguas pluviales para mantener o restaurar la
capture and reuse stormwater to maintain or restore natural
hidrología natural. (Adaptado de la Agencia de Protección
hydrologies. (Adapted from U.S. Environmental Protection
Ambiental de Estados Unidos (U.S. Environmental
Agency)
Protection Agency)).

Subcategoría dentro de las energías renovables que incluye


a subset of renewable energy composed of grid-based
green power energía verde la electricidad de redes de suministro proveniente de fuentes
electricity produced from renewable energy sources
de energía renovables.

Vehículos que hayan obtenido una puntuación verde de 45


vehicles achieving a minimum green score of 45 on the
en la guía anual de calificación de vehículos del American
American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy
green vehicles vehículos verdes Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) o
(ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide (or a local equivalent
equivalente local en el caso de proyectos de fuera de Estados
for projects outside the U.S.).
Unidos).

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Zona que no haya sido desarrollada, nivelada o perturbada
area that is not previously developed, graded or disturbed,
greenfield greenfield anteriormente y que puede albergar espacio abierto, hábitat o
and could support open space, habitat, or natural hydrology
hidrología natural.

the inanimate elements of the building landscaping. It Elementos fijos del paisajismo. Incluye los pavimentos,
includes pavement, roadways, stonewalls, wood and caminamientos, muros de piedra, tarimas sintéticas y de
hardscape superficie dura (hardscape)
synthetic decking, concrete paths and sidewalks, and madera, senderos y aceras de concreto y los patios de
concrete, brick, and tile patios. concreto, ladrillo y baldosas.

any item or agent (biological, chemical, physical) that has Cualquier artículo o agente (biológico, químico o físico) que
the potential to cause harm to humans, animals, or the tenga el potencial de causar daño a humanos, animales o al
hazardous material material peligroso
environment, either by itself or through interaction with other medio ambiente, ya sea por sí mismo o mediante la
factors interacción con otros factores.

Ganancia térmica de las superficies duras, como pavimentos


the thermal absorption by hardscape, such as dark,
o edificios oscuros no reflectantes y su consiguiente radiación
nonreflective pavement and buildings, and its subsequent
a las superficies colindantes. Otros factores que contribuyen
radiation to surrounding areas. Other contributing factors
heat island effect efecto isla de calor pueden incluir los tubos de escape de los autos, los aires
may include vehicle exhaust, air-conditioners, and street
acondicionados y los equipamientos de la calle. Los edificios
equipment. Tall buildings and narrow streets reduce airflow
altos y las calles estrechas reducen el tránsito de aire y
and exacerbate the effect.
exacerban este efecto.

a transportation thoroughfare intended for motor vehicles Vía de transporte prevista para vehículos motorizados con
with limited access points, prohibitions on human-powered puntos de acceso limitado, prohibiciones respecto a vehículos
highway carretera / autopista
vehicles, and higher speeds than local roads. A highway de tracción humana y velocidades más altas que las carreteras
generally connects cities and towns. locales. Una autopista suele conectar ciudades.

Edificación o estructura con importancia histórica,


a building or structure with historic, architectural,
arquitectónica, de ingeniería, arqueológica o cultural que está
engineering, archeological, or cultural significance that is
catalogada o cumple los requisitos para estar catalogada
listed or determined to be eligible as a historic structure or
como estructura o edificación histórica, o como edificación o
building, or as a contributing building or structure in a
estructura que forma parte de un distrito considerado
designated historic district. The historic designation must be
historic building edificio histórico histórico. La catalogación histórica debe realizarla una junta
made by a local historic preservation review board or similar
local de conservación histórica o entidad similar, y la
body, and the structure must be listed in a state register of
estructura debe estar incluida en un registro estatal de lugares
historic places, be listed in the National Register of Historic
históricos, en el National Register of Historic Places (o
Places (or a local equivalent outside the U.S.), or have been
equivalente local fuera de Estados Unidos) o debe haberse
determined eligible for listing.
determinado que cumple los requisitos para ser incluida.

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a group of buildings, structures, objects, and sites that have Grupo de edificios, estructuras, objetos y sitios que han sido
been designated or determined to be eligible as historically considerados como de importancia histórica y arquitectónica
historic district and architecturally significant, and categorized as either distrito histórico o que cumplen los requisitos para ello, y que se han
contributing or noncontributing to the historic nature of the clasificado como parte integrante o no parte integrante de la
district naturaleza histórica del distrito.

Elemento que consiste en un solo material o en la


an item that consists of only one material throughout or a
combinación de múltiples materiales que no pueden separarse
homogeneous material combination of multiple materials that cannot be material homogéneo
mecánicamente, excluyendo los revestimientos de
mechanically disjointed, excluding surface coatings
superficies.

hydrozone a group of plantings with similar water needs hidrozona Grupo de plantas con necesidades de agua similares.

Densidad de flujo luminoso que incide sobre un elemento


the incident luminous flux density on a differential element
diferencial de la superficie ubicado en un punto y orientado
of surface located at a point and oriented in a particular
en una dirección concreta, expresada en lúmenes por unidad
direction, expressed in lumens per unit area. Since the area
de área. Debido a que el área implicada es diferencial, se
involved is differential, it is customary to refer to this as
suele hablar de la iluminancia como de un punto. El nombre
illuminance at a point. The unit name depends on the unit of
de la unidad depende de la unidad de medida del área: Pies
illuminance measurement for area: footcandles if square feet are used for iluminancia
candelas si se usan pies cuadrados, y lux si se usan metros
area, and lux if square meters are used. (Adapted from IES)
cuadrados. (Adaptado de IES) En un lenguaje sencillo, la
In lay terms, illuminance is a measurement of light striking a
iluminancia es una medida de la luz que incide en una
surface. It is expressed in footcandles in the U.S. (based on
superficie. En Estados Unidos se expresa en pies candelas
square feet) and in lux in most other countries (based on
(basándose en pies cuadrados) y en el resto de los países se
square meters).
expresa en lux (basándose en metros cuadrados).

Superficie del suelo ha sido modificada por el desarrollo y la


an area of ground that development and building have
construcción de tal modo que las precipitaciones no pueden
modified in such a way that precipitation cannot infiltrate
infiltrarse en la tierra. Algunos ejemplos de superficies
impervious surface downward through the soil. Examples of impervious surfaces superficies impermeables
impermeables son las cubiertas, las carreteras y
include roofs, paved roads and parking areas, sidewalks, and
estacionamientos asfaltados, las aceras y los suelos que han
soils that have been compacted either by design or by use.
sido compactados por diseño o por uso.

Zona en la cual un ocupante realiza distintas actividades. Los


an area where an occupant performs distinct tasks. Individual
espacio para un único espacios para un único ocupante pueden hallarse dentro de
individual occupant space occupant spaces may be within multioccupant spaces and
ocupante espacios para múltiples ocupantes y deben tratarse de manera
should be treated separately where possible.
separada siempre que sea posible.

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any water discharged from a factory setting. Before this


Todo el agua vertida por el entorno de una fábrica. Antes de
water can be used for irrigation, its quality needs to be agua de procesos
industrial process water poder usar esta agua para riego, es necesario revisar su
checked. Saline or corrosive water should not be used for industriales
calidad. El agua salina o corrosiva no debe usarse para riego.
irrigation.

Sitio en el que al menos el 75% de la superficie del terreno,


a site where at least 75% of the land area, exclusive of
excluyendo zonas de servidumbre, en un radio de 800 metros
rights-of-way, within ½ mile (800 meters) of the project
(0,5 millas) de los límites del proyecto ya ha sido
boundary is previously developed. A street or other right-of-
infill site zona "infill" (infill site) desarrollada. Una calle o zona de servidumbre no se
way does not constitute previously developed land; it is the
considera como terreno previamente desarrollado, lo que
status of property on the other side of right-of-way or the
importa es la situación de la propiedad al otro lado de la calle
street that matters.
o zona de servidumbre.

(HVAC) uncontrolled inward air leakage to conditioned (HVAC) Fuga interna incontrolada de aire a espacios
spaces through unintentional openings in ceilings, floors, and climatizados mediante aperturas accidentales en cubiertas,
infiltration walls from unconditioned spaces or the outdoors caused by infiltración pisos y paredes de espacios no acondicionados o del exterior,
the same pressure differences that induce exfiltration. causada por las mismas diferencias de presión de inducen la
(ASHRAE 62.1–2010) exfiltración. ASHRAE 62,12010

Valor entre 0 y 1 (o 0% y 100%) que indica la capacidad de


a value between 0 and 1 (or 0% and 100%) that indicates the un material de emitir radiación infrarroja (calor). Un techo
ability of a material to shed infrared radiation (heat). A cool frío debería tener una alta emitancia térmica. La gama de
roof should have a high thermal emittance. The wavelength longitudes de onda de energía radiante es aproximadamente
range for radiant energy is roughly 5 to 40 micrometers. Most de 5 a 40 micrómetros. La mayoría de los materiales de
building materials (including glass) are opaque in this part of construcción (incluyendo el vidrio) son opacos en esta parte
infrared (thermal) emitancia infrarroja (o
the spectrum and have an emittance of roughly 0.9, or 90%. del espectro y tienen una emitancia de aproximadamente 0,9
emittance  térmica)
Clean, bare metals, such as untarnished galvanized steel, o 90%. Los metales limpios y sin recubrir, como el acero
have a low emittance and are the most important exceptions galvanizado no tratado tienen una baja emitancia y son la
to the 0.9 rule. In contrast, aluminum roof coatings have excepción más importante a la regla de 0,9. Por el contrario,
intermediate emittance levels. (Adapted from Lawrence los recubrimientos de aluminio de cubiertas tienen niveles de
Berkeley National Laboratory) emitancia intermedios. (Adaptado de Lawrence Berkeley
National Laboratory).

an individual admitted to a medical, surgical, maternity, Individuo ingresado en una unidad médica, quirúrgica o de
inpatient specialty, or intensive-care unit for a length of stay exceeding paciente hospitalizado maternidad, especialidad o cuidados intensivos durante una
23 hours estancia que supere las 23 horas.

Cualquier unidad médica, quirúrgica o de maternidad,


any medical, surgical, maternity, specialty, or intensive-care unidad de pacientes
inpatient unit especiliadad o cuidados intensivos en la que un individuo
unit where an individual receives care for more than 23 hours hospitalizados
reciba cuidados durante más de 23 horas.

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Sistema de transmisión de la información que no puede ser


an information conveyance system that cannot be easily
eliminado con facilidad. En mobiliario dicho etiquetado
removed. For furniture, such labeling may include radio
puede incluir identificación de radiofrecuencia, grabados,
integral labeling frequency identification, engraving, embossing, or other etiquetado integral
repujados o cualquier otra forma de marcado permanente que
permanent marking containing information on material
contenga información sobre el origen del material, las
origin, properties, and date of manufacture.
propiedades y la fecha de fabricación.

Método de manejo de plagas que protege la salud humana y


a method of pest management that protects human health and
integrated pest el medio ambiente a su alrededor, mejorando la rentabilidad
the surrounding environment, and improves economic returns control integrado de plagas
management económica mediante el uso de la opción más eficaz y de
through the most effective, least-risk option
menor riesgo.

Enfoque que implica a las personas, sistemas y estructuras


an approach that involves people, systems, and business
(acuerdos contractuales y legales) y prácticas de negocio. El
structures (contractual and legal agreements) and practices.
proceso emplea el talento y el entendimiento de todos los
The process harnesses the talents and insights of all
integrated project ejecución integrado de participantes para mejorar los resultados, aumentar el valor
participants to improve results, increase value to the owner,
delivery proyecto para el propietario, reducir desechos y maximizar la
reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phases of
eficiencia durante todas las fases del diseño, fabricación y
design, fabrication, and construction. (Adapted from
construcción. (Adaptado del American Institute of
American Institute of Architects)
Architects).

Cubierta que, en comparación con una cubierta vegetal


a roof that, compared with an extensive vegetated roof, has
extensiva, tiene mayor volumen de sustrato, acepta una
greater soil volume, supports a wider variety of plants
mayor variedad de plantas (incluyendo arbustos y árboles) y
(including shrubs and trees), and allows a wider variety of
permite una mayor variedad de usos (incluyendo el acceso
uses (including human access). The depth of the growing
intensive vegetated roof cubierta vegetal intensiva humano). La profundidad del sustrato es un factor importante
medium is an important factor in determining habitat value.
para determinar el valor del hábitat. Las plantas nativas o
The native or adapted plants selected for the roof should
adaptadas seleccionadas para la cubierta deberán acoger
support the site’s endemic wildlife populations. (Adapted
poblaciones de flora y fauna endémica. (Adaptado de Green
from Green Roofs for Healthy Cities)
Roofs for Healthy Cities).

Todas las capas aplicadas sobre un contrapiso acabado o


all the layers applied over a finished subfloor or stairs,
escaleras, incluyendo peldaños y contrahuellas de escaleras,
including stair treads and risers, ramps, and other walking
rampas y cualquier otra superficie transitable. Los acabados
surfaces. Interior finish excludes building structural
interior floor finish acabado interior del piso interiores excluyen elementos estructurales como vigas,
members, such as beams, trusses, studs, or subfloors, or
cerchas, montantes, contrapisos o elementos similares. Los
similar items. Interior finish also excludes nonfull spread wet
acabados interiores tampoco incluyen recubrimientos
coatings or adhesives.
húmedos o adhesivos no completos.

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Todas las capas de las superficies expuestas interiores de los


all the layers comprising the exposed interior surfaces of
edificios, incluyendo paredes fijas, tabiques fijos, columnas,
buildings, including fixed walls, fixed partitions, columns,
techos expuestos, así como revestimientos de madera,
interior wall and ceiling exposed ceilings, and interior wainscoting, paneling, interior acabado interior de paredes
paneles, revestimientos interiores o cualquier acabado que se
finish trim or other finish applied mechanically or for decoration, y techos
aplique mecánicamente o con fines decorativos, de
acoustical correction, surface fire resistance, or similar
corrección acústica, resistencia superficial a incendios o
purposes
similares.

a venue for the movement of goods in a single loading unit Lugar para el movimiento de mercancías en una única
or road vehicle that uses successively two or more modes of unidad de carga o vehículo de carreteras que utiliza
intermodal facility instalación intermodal
transportation without the need to handle the goods sucesivamente dos o más modos de transporte sin necesidad
themselves de manipular los bienes.

Vegetación no nativa que se ha introducido en una zona y


nonnative vegetation that has been introduced to an area and
que se adapta y reproduce agresivamente. El vigor de la
that aggressively adapts and reproduces. The plant’s vigor
planta en combinación con la falta de enemigos naturales a
invasive plant combined with a lack of natural enemies often leads to planta invasiva
menudo conduce a un aumento incontrolado de la población.
outbreak populations. (Adapted from U.S. Department of
(Adaptado del Departamento de Agricultura (U.S.
Agriculture)
Department of Agriculture))

electricity consumption by information technology and Consumo de electricidad de los equipos de tecnologías de la
IT annual energy telecom equipment which includes servers, networking, and energía anual de las TI información y la comunicación, incluyendo servidores, redes
storage equipment over the course of a year y equipos de almacenamiento, a lo largo de un año.

Elemento emisor de luz dentro de un dispositivo, excluyendo


a device emitting light in a fixture, excluding lamp housing
carcasas y balastos. Los diodos emisores de luz montados
lamp and ballasts. Light-emitting diodes packaged as traditional lámpara
como lámparas tradicionales también entran en esta
lamps also meet this definition.
definición.

Vida útil operativa de una fuente de luz artificial, como una


the useful span of operation of a source of artificial light,
bombilla. La vida de la lámpara de luces fluorescentes se
such as bulbs. Lamp life for fluorescent lights is determined
determina con una prueba que consiste en tres horas de
by testing three hours on for every 20 minutes off. For high-
encendido por cada 20 minutos de apagado. En lámparas de
density discharge lamps, the test is based on 11 hours on for
lamp life vida de la lámpara alta densidad de descarga, la prueba se basa en 11 horas de
every 20 minutes off. Lamp life depends on whether the start
encendido por cada 20 minutos de apagado. La vida de la
ballast is program or instant. This information is published in
lámpara depende de si el balasto de arranque es programado
manufacturers’ information. Also known as rated average
o instantáneo. Estos datos se publican en la información del
life.
fabricante. También se conoce como vida útil nominal.

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Organización privada sin ánimo de lucro cuya misión total o


a private, nonprofit organization that, as all or part of its
parcial es trabajar activamente para conservar terrenos
mission, actively works to conserve land by undertaking or
asumiendo o asistiendo en la servidumbre de conservación o
land trust assisting in conservation easement or land acquisition, or by land trust
la adquisición de tierras, o mediante la administración de
its stewardship of such land or easements (Adapted from
dichas tierras o servidumbres (Adaptado de Land Trust
Land Trust Alliance)
Alliance).

Materiales naturales (como rocas, tierras, piedras o


materials that are natural (e.g., rock, soil, stone, vegetation).
land-clearing debris and residuos y tierra de vegetación). Los materiales fabricados por el ser humano
Materials that are man-made (e.g., concrete, brick, cement)
soil desbroce del terreno (como concreto, ladrillos o cemento) se consideran desechos
are considered construction waste even if they were on site.
de construcción aunque ya estuvieran en el sitio.

necesidad de agua del Cantidad de agua que requiere la zona o las zonas de
landscape water the amount of water that the site landscape area(s) requires
paisajismo (landscape paisajismo durante el mes con mayor demanda de riego del
requirement (LWR) for the site’s peak watering month
water requirement (LWR)) sitio.

Etiqueta definida por las normativas de la Agencia de


a label, defined by U.S. EPA regulations under the Safe Protección Medioambiental (Environmental Protection
lead-free Drinking Water Act, that allows small amounts of lead in sin plomo Agency, EPA) bajo la ley Safe Drinking Water Act que
solders, flux, pipes, pipe fittings, and well pumps permite pequeñas cantidades de plomo en soldaduras,
caudales, tuberías, accesorios de tuberías y bombas de pozos.

Pesticida registrado en la categoría Tier III (menor toxicidad)


a registered pesticide in the Tier III (lowest toxicity)
usando el sistema de clasificación San Francisco Hazard
category, using the San Francisco Hazard Ranking system, or
Ranking, o pesticida que cumpla con los requisitos del San
a pesticide that meets the requirements in the San Francisco
pesticido menos tóxico Francisco Pesticide Hazard Screening Protocol y se venda
least-risk pesticide Pesticide Hazard Screening Protocol and is sold as a self-
(least-risk pesticide) como cebos cerrados o tratamientos de grietas y fisuras
contained bait or as a crack-and-crevice treatment used in
usados en áreas inaccesibles a los ocupantes del edificio. Los
areas inaccessible to building occupants. Rodenticides are
rodenticidas nunca se consideran como pesticidas menos
never considered least-risk pesticides.
tóxicos.

the amount of time a person remains in a health care facility Cantidad de tiempo que una persona permanece en unas
length of stay duración de la estancia
as an admitted patient instalaciones médicas como paciente ingresado.

an evaluation of the environmental effects of a product from Evaluación de los efectos medioambientales de un producto
life-cycle assessment cradle to grave, as defined by ISO 14040–2006 and ISO evaluación del ciclo de vida de la cuna a la tumba (cradle to grave) según las definiciones
14044–2006 ISO 14040–2006 e ISO 14044–2006.

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a database that defines the environmental effects (inputs and Base de datos que define los efectos medioambientales
outputs) for each step in a material’s or assembly’s life cycle. (entradas y salidas) de cada paso en el ciclo de vida de un
life-cycle inventory inventario del ciclo de vida
The database is specific to countries and regions within material o ensamblaje. La base de datos es específica de los
countries. países y regiones dentro de los países.

Residuos lumínicos del sitio de un edificio que producen


waste light from building sites that produces glare, is
deslumbramiento, están enfocados hacia el cielo o dirigidos
directed upward to the sky, or is directed off the site. Waste
light pollution contaminación luminosa fuera del perímetro sitio. Los residuos lumínicos no
light does not increase nighttime safety, utility, or security
aumentan la seguridad nocturna, la utilidad ni la seguridad en
and needlessly consumes energy.
general y consumen energía innecesariamente.

transit service using two- or three-car trains in a right-of-way Servicio de transporte público con dos o tres vagones en una
that is often separated from other traffic modes. Spacing vía preferencial que suele estar separada de otros tipos de
between stations tends to be ½ mileor more, and maximum tráfico. El espacio entre estaciones suele ser de al menos 0,8
light rail tren ligero
operating speeds are typically 40–55 mph (65–90 kmh). kilómetros (0,5 millas) y la velocidad máxima operativa de
Light-rail corridors typically extend 10 or more miles (16 65-90 km/h (40-55 mph). Las vías de tren ligero
kilometers). normalmente abarcan 16 kilómetros (10 millas) o más.

obtrusive illumination that is unwanted because of Iluminación molesta por sus atributos cuantitativos,
quantitative, directional, or spectral attributes. Light trespass direccionales o de espectro. La intrusión lumínica puede
light trespass intrusión lumínica
can cause annoyance, discomfort, distraction, or loss of causar malestar, incomodidad, distracción o pérdida de
visibility. visibilidad.

an intentional action by a utility to reduce the load on the Acción intencional de un proveedor de servicios de reducir la
system. Load shedding is usually conducted during carga del sistema. El deslastre de carga se suele llevar a cabo
load shedding deslastre de carga
emergency periods, such as capacity shortages, system durante periodos de emergencia como déficits de capacidad,
instability, or voltage control. inestabilidad del sistema o control del voltaje.

bicycle parking that is easily accessible to residents and Estacionamiento de bicicletas de fácil acceso para los
almacenamiento de
long-term bicycle storage employees and covered to protect bicycles from rain and residentes y empleados que está cubierto para proteger las
bicicletas a largo plazo
snow bicicletas de la lluvia y la nieve.

an operational improvement, such as a repair, upgrade, or Mejora operativa, como una reparación, optimización,
staff training or retraining. In LEED, the project team formación o formación avanzada de personal. En LEED, el
low-cost improvement determines the reasonable upper limit for low-cost mejora de bajo costo equipo de proyecto determina el límite máximo razonable de
improvements based on facility resources and operating las mejoras de bajo costo según los recursos de las
budgets. instalaciones y los presupuestos operativos.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Enfoque de la gestión de la escorrentía que enfatiza las


an approach to managing rainwater runoff that emphasizes características naturales del sitio para proteger la calidad del
on-site natural features to protect water quality, by replicating agua replicando el régimen hidrológico natural de
the natural land cover hydrologic regime of watersheds, and cubrimiento del terreno de las cuencas y tratando la
addressing runoff close to its source. Examples include better escorrentía cerca de su fuente. Algunos ejemplos incluyen
low-impact development site design principles (e.g., minimizing land disturbance, mejores principios de diseño del sitio (como minimizar la
desarrollo de bajo impacto
(LID) preserving vegetation, minimizing impervious cover), and perturbación del terreno, conservar la vegetación, minimizar
design practices (e.g., rain gardens, vegetated swales and la cubierta impermeable), prácticas de diseño (como jardines
buffers, permeable pavement, rainwater harvesting, soil de lluvia, canales y lindes con vegetación, pavimento
amendments). These are engineered practices that may permeable, recolección de aguas pluviales y mejoras del
require specialized design assistance. suelo). Estas son prácticas de ingeniería que pueden requerir
asistencia especializada en el diseño.

Agua que se introduce en un sistema de torre de


water that is fed into a cooling tower system or evaporative
refrigeración o condensador de evaporación para sustituir el
makeup water condenser to replace water lost through evaporation, drift, agua de reposición
agua perdida por evaporación, arrastre, purga u otros
bleed-off, or other causes
motivos.

Con el fin de capturar y retener un volumen especificado de


to capture and retain a specified volume of rainfall to mimic
agua de lluvia e imitar así la función hidrológica natural.
manage (rainwater) on natural hydrologic function. Examples of rainwater gestión in situ (de la
Algunos ejemplos de gestión de las aguas pluviales incluyen
site management include strategies that involve escorrentía)
estrategias que implican evapotranspiración, infiltración,
evapotranspiration, infiltration, and capture and reuse.
captura y reutilización.

the limits of a site master plan. The master plan boundary Los límites de un plan maestro. El perímetro del plan maestro
includes the project area and may include all associated incluye la superficie del proyecto y puede incluir todos los
master plan boundary buildings and sites outside of the LEED project boundary. perímetro del plan maestro edificios y sitios asociados fuera del perímetro del proyecto
The master plan boundary considers future sustainable use, LEED. El perímetro del plan maestro considera futuros usos
expansion, and contraction. sustentables, expansiones y contracciones.

Medida de la luz emitida por una fuente derivada de los


of a source’s emitted light derived from industry standards,
estándares de la industria, tomada con un balasto de arranque
mean lumen output a taken with an instant-start ballast that has a ballast factor of flujo luminoso medio en
inmediato que tiene un factor de balasto de 1,0 medido al
measurement 1.0 as measured at 40% of lamp life (except for T-5 lamps, lúmenes
40% de la vida de la lámpara (excepto para lámparas T-5, que
which use a program-start ballast)
usan un balasto de arranque programado).

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Artículo o equipamiento diseñado para su uso en cuidados


an item of furniture designed for use in health care. médicos. Algunos ejemplos son las mesas de operaciones; los
Examples include surgical tables; procedure, supply, and carros para procedimientos, de material o de tecnología
medical furnishing equipamiento médico
mobile technology carts; lifting and transfer aids; supply móvil; los elementos auxiliares para trasladar y elevar; los
closet carts and shelving; and overbed tables. armarios móviles de materiales y estanterías; y las mesas
auxiliares para la cama.

Regulador que limita el tiempo que fluye el agua. Suele ser


a regulator that limits the flow time of water, generally a
un dispositivo de encendido manual y apagado automático,
metering control manual-on and automatic-off device, most commonly control de medidores
normalmente instalado en los grifos de lavabos y en las
installed on lavatory faucets and showers
duchas.

white and colored paper, envelopes, forms, file folders, Papel blanco y de color, sobres, formularios, carpetas de
mixed paper tablets, flyers, cereal boxes, wrapping paper, catalogs, papel mixto archivos, libretas, folletos, cajas de cereales, papel de
magazines, phone books, and photos envolver, catálogos, revistas, listines telefónicos y fotos.

Estanterías y obras de ebanistería diseñadas para instalarse,


shelving and cabinetry designed to be easily installed, moverse o reconfigurarse fácilmente. En un entorno de venta,
moved, or reconfigured. In a retail setting, items that are los artículos que pueden moverse pero están
modular and movable movable but semipermanently attached using mechanical ebanistería modular (no semipermanentemente fijos mediante sistemas de amarre
casework fastening systems for operational use are considered furniture fija) mecánico para usos operativos, se consideran mobiliario y no
and not base building elements (e.g., a table or display bolted elementos básicos del edificio (como puertas o elementos de
to the floor, or shelving attached to a wall). exposición atornillados al piso o estanterías fijadas a la
pared).

La distancia entre el nivel del piso (o plano de trabajo) y la


the distance between ground level (or the workplane) and the
parte inferior de la luminaria (dispositivo de iluminación); la
mounting height bottom of the luminaire (light fixture); the height at which a altura de montaje
altura a la cual se instala una luminaria. (Adaptado de Light a
luminaire is installed. (Adapted from Light a Home)
Home).

items that can be moved by the users without the need of Módulos que los usuarios pueden mover sin necesidad de
movable furniture and mobiliario y tabiques no
tools or assistance from special trades and facilities herramientas, la ayuda de trabajadores cualificados ni la
partitions fijos
management administración del edificio.

a site that was master-planned for the development of stores, Sitio planificado para el desarrollo de tiendas, restaurantes y
complejo planificado para
multitenant complex restaurants and other businesses. Retailers may share some otros negocios. Los vendedores pueden compartir algunos
múltiples inquilinos
services and common areas. servicios y áreas comunes.

a unique five- or six-digit number used to identify specific Número único de cinco o seis dígitos usado para identificar
NAED code lamps, used by the National Association of Electrical NAED code una lámpara concreta, usado por la National Association of
Distributors Electrical Distributors.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Especie nativa que existe en una región, ecosistema y hábitat


an indigenous species that occurs in a particular region,
particular sin que medie acción humana directa o indirecta.
ecosystem, and habitat without direct or indirect human
Las especies nativas han evolucionado con la geografía,
actions. Native species have evolved to the geography,
hidrología y clima de dicha región. También existen en
hydrology, and climate of that region. They also occur in
comunidades, es decir, han evolucionado junto con otras
communities; that is, they have evolved together with other
native vegetation vegetación autóctona especies. Como resultado, estas comunidades ofrecen un
species. As a result, these communities provide habitat for a
hábitat a una variedad de otras especies de fauna y flora
variety of other native wildlife species. Species native to
nativa. Normalmente se entienden como especies nativas a
North America are generally recognized as those occurring
Norteamérica las existentes en el continente antes del
on the continent prior to European settlement. Also known as
asentamiento de europeos. También se conocen como plantas
native plants.
nativas.

a compound that is not manmade and is used for cooling. Compuesto no fabricado por el ser humano que se utiliza para
Such substances generally have much lower potential for enfriar. Estas sustancias suelen tener un potencial de daño
natural refrigerant atmospheric damage than manufactured chemical refrigerante natural atmosférico mucho menor que los refrigerantes químicos
refrigerants. Examples include water, carbon dioxide, and fabricados. Algunos ejemplos son el agua, el dióxido de
ammonia. carbono y el amoniaco.

descripción de suelos del


Natural Resources servicio de conservación de Estudio basado en Estados Unidos que muestra los límites de
a U.S.-based soil survey that shows the boundaries of
Conservation Service recursos naturales (Natural los distintos tipos de suelos y las características del suelo del
different soil types and special soil features on the site
(NRCS) soils delineation Resources Conservation sitio.
Service (NRCS))

the natural land cover function of water occurrence, Comportamiento natural de la presencia, distribución,
natural site hydrology hidrología natural del sitio
distribution, movement, and balance movimiento y equilibro del agua en su cobertura del terreno.

Suma de todas las áreas interiores en el proyecto disponibles


the sum of all interior areas in the project available to house
área neta utilizable por el para acoger el proyecto del programa. No incluye las áreas
net usable program area the project’s program. It does not include areas for building
programa para el equipamiento del edificio, circulación vertical o
equipment, vertical circulation, or structural components.
componentes estructurales.

Espacio público, zona de diagnóstico o tratamiento, unidad


a public space, diagnostic or treatment area, ambulatory unit,
zona para pacientes no ambulatoria o cualquier otro espacio de unas instalaciones
non-inpatient area or any other space in a health care facility that is not for
hospitalizados médicas no destinado a individuos que hayan sido ingresados
individuals who have been admitted for care
para su cuidado.

nonpotable water water that does not meet drinking water standards agua no potable Agua que no cumple los requisitos para consumo humano.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

an area that people pass through or an area used for focused Zona que la gente atraviesa o zona usada para actividades
activities an average of less than one hour per person per day. específicas durante una media de menos de una hora al día
The one-hour timeframe is continuous and should be based por persona y por día. El periodo de una hora es continuo y
non-regularly occupied espacios no ocupados
on the time a typical occupant uses the space. For spaces that debe basarse en la hora a la que el ocupante típico usa el
space normalmente
are not used daily, the one-hour timeframe should be based espacio. Para espacios que no se usen diariamente, el periodo
on the time a typical occupant spends in the space when it is de una hora debe basarse en el tiempo que el ocupante típico
in use.  para en el espacio cuando está en uso 

dry plumbing fixtures and fittings that contain and treat sistemas de inodoros sin Dispositivos y accesorios de plomería que contienen y tratan
nonwater toilet systems
human waste via microbiological processes agua los residuos humanos mediante procesos microbiológicos.

a plumbing fixture having a water flush with a trap that Dispositivo de plomería que tiene una descarga de agua con
nonwater urinal contains a layer of buoyant liquid that floats above the urine, urinarios sin agua un depósito que contiene un líquido que flota por encima de
blocking sewer gas and odors la orina, bloqueando los gases y olores a alcantarilla.

Sistema o interruptor al que una persona del espacio puede


a system or switch that a person in the space can directly acceder y utilizar directamente. Algunos ejemplos son las
access and use. Examples include a task light, an open luces para puestos de trabajo, los interruptores de apertura y
occupant control control del ocupante
switch, and blinds. A temperature sensor, photo sensor, or las persianas. Los sensores de temperature, fotosensores o
centrally controlled system is not occupant controlled. sistemas controlados centralmente no se consideran como
controlados por los ocupantes.

an enclosed space intended for human activities, excluding Espacio cerrado previsto para actividades humanas,
those spaces that are intended primarily for other purposes, excluyendo los espacios principalmente diseñados para otros
occupiable space such as storage rooms and equipment rooms, and that are espacio ocupable propósitos, como salas de almacenamiento y equipamiento
occupied only occasionally and for short periods of time que solo estén ocupados ocasionalmente y durante cortos
(ASHRAE 62.1–2010) periodos de tiempo (ASHRAE 62.1–2010).

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Espacio cerrado previsto para actividades humanas,


enclosed space intended for human activities, excluding
excluyendo los espacios principalmente diseñados para otros
those spaces that are intended primarily for other purposes,
propósitos, como salas de almacenamiento y equipamiento
such as storage rooms and equipment rooms, and that are
que solo estén ocupados ocasionalmente y durante cortos
only occupied occasionally and for short periods of time.
periodos de tiempo. Los espacios ocupados se clasifican entre
occupied space Occupied spaces are further classified as regularly occupied espacio ocupado
los ocupados regularmente y los no ocupados regularmente
or nonregularly occupied spaces based on the duration of the
según la duración de la ocupación, entre individuales y de
occupancy, individual or multioccupant based on the quantity
ocupación múltiple según la cantidad de ocupantes y entre
of occupants, and densely or nondensely occupied spaces
densa y no densamente ocupados según la concentración de
based on the concentration of occupants in the space.
ocupantes en el espacio.

Producto que tiene un bajo costo por unidad y que se usa y


a product that has a low cost per unit and is regularly used
sustituye regularmente durante el curso de la actividad.
and replaced in the course of business. Examples include artículo /producto de
ongoing consumable Algunos ejemplos son papel, cartuchos de tóner, carpetas,
paper, toner cartridges, binders, batteries, and desk consumo para la oficina
baterías y accesorios de escritorio. También conocidos como
accessories. Also known as ongoing purchases.
compras diarias.

on-site wastewater the transport, storage, treatment, and disposal of wastewater tratamiento de aguas Transporte, almacenamiento, tratamiento y descarga de las
treatment generated on the project site residuales in-situ aguas residuales generadas en el sitio del proyecto.

pavements that consist of loose substrates supported by a Pavimento que consiste en un sustrato suelto seguido de un
grid of a more structurally sound grid or webbing. Pervious sistema de retícula o red más sólida estructuralmente. El
open-grid pavement concrete and porous asphalt are not considered open grid as sistema de pavimento concreto permeable y el asfalto poroso no se consideran
system they are considered bounded materials. Unbounded, loose reticular abierta (open-grid) retícula abierta, ya que se incluyen como materiales ligados.
substrates do not transfer and store heat like bound and Los sustratos no ligados, sueltos, no transfieren y almacenan
compacted materials do. el calor como los materiales ligados y compactados.

a plan that specifies major system operating parameters and Plan que especifica los parámetros y límites, procedimientos
limits, maintenance procedures and schedules, and y horarios de mantenimiento, y métodos de documentación
operations and plan de operaciones y
documentation methods necessary to demonstrate proper de los principales sistemas operativos necesarios para
maintenance (O&M) plan mantenimiento
operation and maintenance of an approved emissions control demostrar la correcta operación y mantenimiento de un
device or system dispositivo o sistema de control de emisiones aprobado.

a luminaire intended for illuminating portions of the Luminaria prevista para iluminar partes de las zonas de
circulation network that also serves an ornamental function, circulación y que también cumple una función ornamental,
ornamental luminaire luminaria ornamental
in addition to providing optics that effectively deliver street además de servir eficazmente para iluminar la calle y tener
lighting, and has a decorative or historical period appearance una función estética o de un periodo histórico.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

a patient who is not hospitalized for 24 hours or more but Paciente que no está ingresado durante 24 horas o más pero
outpatient who visits a hospital, clinic, or associated healthcare facility paciente no hospitalizado que visita un hospital, clínica o instalación médica asociada
for diagnosis or treatment para diagnóstico o tratamiento.

a written document that details the ideas, concepts, and Documento escrito que detalla las ideas, conceptos y criterios
owner’s project
criteria determined by the owner to be important to the requisitos del propietario que el propietario ha determinado que son importantes para el
requirements (OPR)
success of the project éxito del proyecto.

a patient bed, infusion chair, recovery room bay, or other Cama para paciente, silla de infusión, box de recuperación u
patient position posición del paciente
location where a patient receives clinical care otra ubicación en la que el paciente reciba cuidados médicos.

the maximum electricity load at a specific point in time or Carga máxima de electricidad en un momento específico o
peak demand demanda máxima
over a period of time durante un periodo de tiempo.

the month with the greatest deficit between Mes con el mayor déficit entre evapotranspiración y
evapotranspiration and rainfall. This is the month when the precipitaciones. Es el mes en el que las plantas de la región
peak watering month plants in the site’s region potentially require the most mes de riego máximo donde está el sitio pueden requerir mayor cantidad de agua
supplemental water typically a mid-summer month. suplementaria, suele ser un mes de mediados de verano.
(Sustainable Sites Initiative) (Sustainable Sites Initiative).

Estructura que no puede ser desplazada por el usuario sin


a structure that cannot be moved by the user without tools or
herramientas o ayuda de trabajadores cualificados y la
assistance from special trades and facilities management.
permanent interior obstrucción interior administración del edificio. Algunos ejemplos son campanas
Examples include lab hoods, fixed partitions, demountable
obstruction permanente de laboratorio, tabiques fijos, tabiques desmontables opacos
opaque full- or partial-height partitions, some displays, and
de altura total o parcial, algunos elementos de exposición y
equipment.
equipamiento.

the transfer of energy consumption to off-peak hours, when Transferencia del consumo de energía a horas de menor
permanent peak load cambio de cargas
demand for power is lower and energy is therefore less consumo cuando la demanda de energía es más baja y la
shifting energéticas máximas
expensive energía es por lo tanto menos cara.

a paved surface that allows water runoff to infiltrate into the Superficie pavimentada que permite que la escorrentía se
permeable pavement pavimento permeable
ground filtre al suelo natural.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Sustancia que plantea un riesgo a largo plazo para humanos,


no humanos y el medio ambiente debido a que permanece en
a substance that poses a long-term risk to both humans and
el entorno durante largos periodos, aumenta en concentración
the environment because it remains in the environment for
a medida que sube en la cadena alimentaria y puede
long periods, increases in concentration as it moves up the sustancias químicas
persistent desplazarse lejos de la fuente de contaminación. A menudo
food chain, and can travel far from the source of persistentes,
bioaccumulative toxic estas sustancias pueden ganar en potencia y en capacidad de
contamination. Often these substances can become more bioacumulativas y tóxicas
chemical daño a los ecosistemas cuanto más tiempo persistan. Consulte
potent and harmful to ecosystems the longer they persist. See (PBT)
la página web de la Agencia de Protección Medioambiental,
U.S. EPA’s website on persistent bioaccumulative toxic
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency, EPA) para más
chemicals, www.epa.gov/pbt/.
información sobre sustancia químicas persistentes,
bioacumulativas y tóxicas, www.epa.gov/pbt/.

an area that connects healthcare patients, visitors, and staff to Área que conecta a los pacientes, visitantes y al personal de
health benefits of the natural environment. (Adapted from un centro médico con los beneficios para la salud de un
place of respite zona de descanso
Green Guide for Health Care Places of Respite Technical entorno natural. (Adaptado de la Green Guide for Health
Brief) Care Places of Respite Technical Brief).

plug load or receptacle the electrical current drawn by all equipment that is Calculo de fuerza de los Corriente eléctrica tomada por todos los equipos conectados
load connected to the electrical system via a wall outlet. tomacorrientes al sistema eléctrico mediante una toma en la pared.

Desechos generados por hogares o instalaciones comerciales,


waste generated by households or commercial, industrial and
postconsumer recycled contenido reciclado post‐ industriales o institucionales en su papel como usuarios
institutional facilities in their role as end users of a product
content consumidor finales de un producto que ya no puede utilizarse para el uso
that can no longer be used for its intended purpose
que estaba diseñado.

Agua que cumple o supera los estándares para agua potable


water that meets or exceeds U.S. Environmental Protection
de la Agencia de Protección Medioambiental, EPA
Agency drinking water quality standards (or a local
(Environmental Protection Agency, EPA), o equivalente local
equivalent outside the U.S.) and is approved for human
potable water agua potable fuera de Estados Unidos, y que cuenta con aprobación para
consumption by the state or local authorities having
consumo humano por parte del estado o de las autoridades
jurisdiction; it may be supplied from wells or municipal
locales competentes. Puede provenir de pozos o sistemas de
water systems
agua municipales.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Potencia eléctrica de un dispositivo que asigna electricidad y


the electrical power from a device that allocates power to sirve al equipo de tecnologías de la información (TI). La
and serves information technology (IT) equipment. Power unidad de distribución de energía (PDU según siglas en
distribution unit (PDU) output does not include efficiency inglés) no incluye las pérdidas de eficiencia de ninguna
losses of any transformation that occurs within the PDU, but transformación que tenga lugar en la PDU, pero puede incluir
it can include downstream non-IT ancillary devices installed los dispositivos auxiliares que no sean de TI instalados en los
in IT racks, such as fans. If the PDU system supports non-IT potencia de salida de la racks de TI, como los ventiladores. Si el sistema PDU incluye
power distribution unit
equipment (e.g., computer room air-conditioning units, unidad de distribución de equipo que no sea de TI (como aire acondicionado de la sala
output
computer room air handlers, in-row coolers), this equipment energía de computadoras, manejadoras de aire de la sala de
must be metered and subtracted from the PDU output computadoras, refrigeración en filas), dicho equipo debe
reading. The metering approach should be consistent with the medirse y sustraerse de la lectura de potencia de la PDU. El
metering required for the power usage efficiency (PUE) enfoque de medición debe ser coherente con la medición
category (e.g., continuous consumption metering for PUE necesaria para la categoría de eficiencia del consumo de
categories 1, 2, and 3). energía (ECE) (por ejemplo, una medición continua del
consumo para las categorías de ECE 1, 2 y 3).

Medida de la eficiencia del consumo de energía del centro de


a measure of how efficiently a data center uses its power; eficacia en el uso de
power utilization datos, específicamente de cuánta electricidad usa el equipo de
specifically, how much power is used by computing energía (power utilization
effectiveness (PUE) computación independientemente de la refrigeración y de
equipment rather than for cooling and other overhead effectiveness (PUE))
otros consumos generales.

equipamiento de
powered floor electric and battery-powered floor buffers and burnishers. It Pulidoras y abrillantadoras de pisos eléctricas y de batería.
mantenimiento del piso a
maintenance equipment does not include equipment used in wet applications No incluye el equipo utilizado en aplicaciones húmedas.
motor

matter diverted from the waste stream during the Materia desviada del flujo de desechos durante el proceso de
manufacturing process, determined as the percentage of fabricación, determinada como el porcentaje de material por
material, by weight. Examples include planer shavings, peso. Algunos ejemplos son virutas del cepillo eléctrico,
sawdust, bagasse, walnut shells, culls, trimmed materials, serrín, bagazo, cáscaras de nuez, fruta descartada, material de
preconsumer recycled contenido reciclado pre‐
overissue publications, and obsolete inventories. The poda, publicaciones sobrantes o inventarios obsoletos. Esta
content consumidor
designation excludes rework, regrind, or scrap materials designación excluye materiales reelaborados, molidos o
capable of being reclaimed within the same process that chatarra que pueda volver a ser utilizada en el mismo proceso
generated them (ISO 14021). Formerly known as que la generó (ISO 14021). Anteriormente conocido como
postindustrial content. contenido postindustrial.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Lugares de estacionamiento más cercanos a la entrada


the parking spots closest to the main entrance of a building
principal del edificio (excluyendo los espacios designados
(exclusive of spaces designated for handicapped persons). estacionamiento
preferred parking para personas con discapacidad). En el caso de
For employee parking, it refers to the spots that are closest to preferencial
estacionamiento de empleados, se refiere a los espacios más
the entrance used by employees.
cercanos a la entrada utilizados por empleados.

the wearing out or disuse of components or materials whose Desgaste o desuso de piezas o materiales cuya vida útil
service life exceeds their design life. For example, a material excede su vida de diseño. Por ejemplo, un material con una
with a potential life of 30 years is intentionally designed to vida potencial de 30 años se diseña para durar solo 15 años,
premature obsolescence last only 15 years, such that its remaining 15 years of service obsolescencia prematura de modo que los 15 años restantes de servicio quedan
is potentially wasted. In contrast, components whose service potencialmente desperdiciados. Por el contrario, los
life is the same as their expected use are utilized to their componentes cuya vida útil es igual a su uso previsto se
maximum potential. utilizan hasta alcanzar su máximo potencial.

Alterado mediante la pavimentación, construcción y/o uso del


altered by paving, construction, and/or land use that would terreno que normalmente habría requerido permisos para
typically have required regulatory permitting to have been iniciarse (las alteraciones pueden tener lugar en el presente o
initiated (alterations may exist now or in the past). Land that haber sucedido en el pasado). El terreno que no ha sido
is not previously developed and landscapes altered by current anteriormente desarrollado anteriormente y los paisajes alterados por
previously developed or historical clearing or filling, agricultural or forestry use, or desarrollado / desbroce o relleno, uso agrícola o forestal actual o pasado, o
preserved natural area use are considered undeveloped land. anteriormente desarrollada las zonas naturales conservadas se consideran terreno no
The date of previous development permit issuance constitutes desarrollado. La fecha de emisión del anterior permiso de
the date of previous development, but permit issuance in desarrollo constituye la fecha del desarrollo anterior, pero la
itself does not constitute previous development. emisión del permiso en sí mismo no constituye un desarrollo
previo.

a site that, prior to the project, consisted of at least 75% sitio anteriormente Sitio que antes del proyecto consistía en al menos un 75% de
previously developed site
previously developed land desarrollado terreno desarrollado anteriormente.

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Terreno que tiene la mejor combinación de características


físicas y químicas para producir alimentos, pienso, forraje,
land that has the best combination of physical and chemical
fibras y cultivos oleaginosos y que está disponible para
characteristics for producing food, feed, forage, fiber, and
dichos usos, según lo estipula el Departamento de Servicios
oilseed crops and that is available for these uses, as
de Conservación de Recursos Agrícolas Naturales (U.S.
determined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural
Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation
prime farmland Resources Conservation Service (a U.S.-based methodology prime farmland
Service), una metodología estadounidense que establece
that sets criteria for highly productive soil). For a complete
criterios para suelos altamente productivos. Para una
description of what qualifies as prime farmland, see U.S.
descripción completa de qué se considera tierra agrícola de
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 7, Volume 6, Parts 400 to
primera, consulte el Código de normativas federales (U.S.
699, Section 657.5.
Code of Federal Regulations Title 7, Volume 6, Parts 400 to
699, Section 657.5).

a device that measures water flow and is installed Dispositivo que mide el caudal de agua y que se instala más
downstream from the public water supply meter or as part of allá del medidor de suministro público de agua o como parte
private meter medidor privado
an on-site water system maintained by the building de un sistema de agua en el sitio mantenido por el equipo de
management team administración del edificio.

Recursos de energía consumidos con motivo de un proceso


power resources consumed in support of a manufacturing,
de fabricación, industrial o comercial que no sea el
industrial, or commercial process other than conditioning
reacondicionamiento de espacios y el mantenimiento del
spaces and maintaining comfort and amenities for building
process energy energía de proceso confort y los servicios para los ocupantes del edificio. Puede
occupants of a building. It may include refrigeration
incluir equipamiento de refrigeración, cocción y preparación
equipment, cooking and food preparation, clothes washing,
de alimentos, lavado de ropa y demás electrodomésticos
and other major support appliances. (ASHRAE)
auxiliares principales. (ASHRAE).

process load or the load on a building resulting from the consumption or carga de proceso o carga no Carga de un edificio resultante del consumo o liberación de
unregulated load release of process energy (ASHRAE) regulada energía de procesos (ASHRAE).

Agua utilizada para procesos industriales y sistemas del


water that is used for industrial processes and building
edificio, tales como torres de enfriamiento, calderas (boilers)
systems, such as cooling towers, boilers, and chillers. It can
process water agua de proceso y enfriadores. También puede referirse al agua empleada en
also refer to water used in operational processes, such as
procesos operativos como el lavado de platos o ropa y la
dishwashing, clothes washing, and ice making.
fabricación de hielo.

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Elemento que llega al sitio del proyecto bien como elemento


an item that arrives on the project site either as a finished
acabado para su instalación o como componente de otro
element ready for installation or as a component to another
elemento ensamblado en el sitio. La unidad del producto está
item assembled on-site. The product unit is defined by the
product (permanently producto (producto del definida por los requisitos funcionales de uso en el proyecto,
functional requirement for use in the project; this includes the
installed building edificio permanentemente incluye los componentes físicos y los servicios necesarios
physical components and services needed to serve the
product) instalado) para la prestación de la función prevista del producto del
intended function of the permanently installed building
edificio permanentemente instalado. Además, cada uno de los
product. In addition, similar products within a specification
productos similares dentro de una especificación puede
can each contribute as separate products.
contribuir como producto individual.

Sistema para el suministro al público de agua para consumo


a system for the provision to the public of water for human humano a través de tuberías u otros medios de transporte
consumption through pipes or other constructed conveyances. construidos. Para que se considere público, el sistema debe
public water supply
To be considered public, such system must have at least 15 suministro público de agua tener al menos 15 conexiones de servicio o suministrar
(PWS)
service connections or regularly serve at least 25 individuals. regularmente a al menos 25 individuos. (Adaptado de la
(Adapted from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) Agencia de Protección Ambiental de Estados Unidos (U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency)).

the capture, diversion, and storage of rain for future Captura, desvío y almacenamiento de lluvia para un futuro
beneficial use. Typically, a rain barrel or cistern stores the uso beneficioso. Generalmente, el agua se almacena en un
recolección de aguas
rainwater harvesting water; other components include the catchment surface and tonel o cisterna, hay otros componentes como la superficie de
pluviales
conveyance system. The harvested rainwater can be used for captación y el sistema de transporte. El agua de lluvia
irrigation. recolectada puede usarse para riego.

the basic substance from which products are made, such as Sustancia básica de la que se fabrican productos, como
concrete, glass, gypsum, masonry, metals, recycled materials concreto, vidrio, yeso, sillería, metales, materiales reciclados
raw material materia prima
(e.g., plastics and metals), oil (petroleum, polylactic acid), (como plásticos y metales), petróleo (petróleo, ácido
stone, agrifiber, bamboo, and wood poliláctico), piedra, agrofibras, bambú y madera.

agua recolectada / Agua residual que ha sido tratada y purificada para su


reclaimed water wastewater that has been treated and purified for reuse
agua reciclada reutilización.

defined in accordance with the International Organization of Definido de acuerdo al documento ISO 14021 de la
Standards document ISO 14021 – Environmental labels and Organización Internacional de Normalización –
recycled content contenido reciclado
declarations – Self-declared environmental claims (Type II Environmental labels and declarations, Self-declared
environmental labeling) environmental claims (Type II environmental labeling).

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the amount of water lost from a specific vegetated surface Cantidad de agua perdida en una superficie vegetal específica
reference tasa de evapotranspiración
with no moisture limitation. Turf grass with height of 120 sin limitación de la humedad. El césped con una altura de 120
evapotranspiration rate de referencia
mm is the reference vegetation. mm es la vegetación de referencia.

Suelo nativo del sitio del proyecto según lo estipula el


Departamento de Servicios de Conservación de Recursos
a soil native to the project site, as described in Natural
Agrícolas Naturales (U.S. Department of Agriculture’s
Resources Conservation Service soil surveys (or a local
Natural Resources Conservation Service) o un equivalente
equivalent survey outside the United States), or undisturbed
local fuera de Estados Unidos) o suelo nativo no perturbado
native soils within the project’s region that have native
suelo referencia (reference de la región del proyecto que tenga una vegetación nativa,
reference soil vegetation, topography, and soil textures similar to the
soil) topografía y textura similar al del sitio del proyecto. En los
project site. For project sites with no existing soil, reference
sitios de proyecto en los que no exista suelo, los suelos de
soils are defined as undisturbed native soils within the
referencia se definen como los suelos nativos no perturbados
project’s region that support appropriate native plant species
dentro de la región del proyecto que alberguen especies
similar to those intended for the new project.
nativas de plantas adecuadas similares a las que se prevén
para el nuevo proyecto.

an item that has completed its life cycle and is prepared for Elemento que ha completado su ciclo de vida y está listo para
reuse without substantial alteration of its form. Refurbishing su reutilización sin que se altere sustancialmente su forma. La
refurbished material involves renovating, repairing, restoring, or generally material renovado renovación implica la actualización, reparación, restauración
improving the appearance, performance, quality, o mejora general de la apariencia, desempeño, calidad,
functionality, or value of a product. funcionalidad o valor del producto.

an area where one or more individuals normally spend time Área en la que uno o más individuos suelen pasar tiempo
(more than one hour per person per day on average) seated or (más de una hora por persona y día de media) sentados o de
standing as they work, study, or perform other focused pie mientras trabajan, estudian o llevan cabo otras tareas
activities inside a building. The one-hour timeframe is espacio frecuentemente específicas dentro del edificio. El periodo de una hora es
regularly occupied space
continuous and should be based on the time a typical ocupado continuo y debe basarse en la hora a la que el ocupante típico
occupant uses the space. For spaces that are not used daily, usa el espacio. Para espacios que no se usen diariamente, el
the one-hour timeframe should be based on the time a typical periodo de una hora debe basarse en el tiempo que el
occupant spends in the space when it is in use.  ocupante típico para en el espacio cuando está en uso 

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a frequently used means of gaining access to a building. Uso regular implica acceder a un edificio. Algunos ejemplos
Examples include the main building entrance as well as any incluyen la entrada principal del edificio, al igual que
building entryways attached to parking structures, cualquier otra vía de entrada al edificio vinculada a
regularly used exterior entrada exterior de uso
underground parking garages, underground pathways, or estructuras de estacionamiento, estacionamiento subterráneo,
entrance regular
outside spaces. Atypical entrances, emergency exits, atriums, vías subterráneas o espacios exteriores. Las entradas atípicas,
connections between concourses, and interior spaces are not salidas de emergencia, patios interiores, conexiones entre
included. vestíbulos y espacios interiores no se incluyen.

any building end use that has either a mandatory or a Todo consumo final del edificio que cumpla un requisito
regulated load prescriptive requirement in ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard carga regulada obligatorio o prescriptivo en el ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard
90.1–2010 90.1–2010.

an item that has been repaired or adjusted and returned to Artículo que ha sido reparado o ajustado para que vuelva a
remanufactured product service. A remanufactured product can be expected to producto remanufacturado estar en servicio. Se puede esperar que el desempeño de un
perform as if it were new. producto remanufacturado sea igual al de uno nuevo.

energy sources that are not depleted by use. Examples Fuentes de energía que no se agoten con su uso. Algunos
include energy from the sun, wind, and small (low-impact) ejemplos son la energía solar, la eólica, la energía
renewable energy energía renovable
hydropower, plus geothermal energy and wave and tidal hidroeléctrica a pequeña escala (de bajo impacto), además de
systems. la energía geotérmica y los sistemas de oleaje y maremotriz.

Mercancía intercambiable que representa que se ha generado


a tradable commodity representing proof that a unit of
una unidad de electricidad de una fuente renovable. Los
electricity was generated from a renewable resource. RECs certificado de energía
renewable energy credit créditos de energía renovable se venden independientemente
are sold separately from electricity itself and thus allow the renovable (renewable
(REC) de la electricidad en sí misma y por lo tanto permiten que un
purchase of green power by a user of conventionally energy certificate (REC))
usuario de electricidad generada convencionalmente compre
generated electricity.
energía verde.

the reemployment of materials in the same or a related Nuevo uso de materiales con una finalidad igual o similar a la
capacity as their original application, thus extending the de su empleo original, ampliando de este modo la vida de
lifetime of materials that would otherwise be discarded. materiales que de otra manera serían eliminados. La
reuse reutilización
Reuse includes the recovery and reemployment of materials reutilización incluye la recuperación y el nuevo uso de
recovered from existing building or construction sites. Also materiales tomados de edificios o construcciones existentes.
known as salvage. También conocido como rescate.

the total area of the building structure, core, and envelope Área total de la estructura, núcleo y envolvente del edificio
reused area that existed in the prior condition and remains in the área reutilizada que existía en la situación anterior y que permanece en el
completed design diseño finalizado.

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Herramienta de medición diseñada para cumplir los estrictos


a measurement tool designed to meet strict accuracy
estándares de precisión requeridos por el código o ley. Los
standards required by code or law. Utility meters are often medidor apto para
revenue-grade meter medidores de servicios a menudo se denominan como "aptos
called revenue grade because their measurement directly determinar costos
para determinar costos" porque su medición resulta
results in a charge to the customer.
directamente en el cargo al cliente.

a transit service in which individuals travel together in a Servicio de tránsito en el que los individuos viajan juntos en
passenger car or small van that seats at least four people. It un auto de pasajeros o pequeña furgoneta de al menos cuatro
can include human-powered conveyances, which must plazas. Puede incluir medios de tracción humana, que deben
rideshare accommodate at least two people. It must include an enclosed transporte compartido tener al menos dos plazas. Debe incluir una zona cerrada de
passenger seating area, fixed route service, fixed fare asientos para pasajeros, un servicio de ruta fija, una
structure, regular operation, and the ability to pick up estructura fija de tarifas, un servicio regular y la capacidad de
multiple riders. subir y bajar a múltiples viajeros.

Componente constructivo que se recupera de edificios


a construction component recovered from existing buildings
existentes o sitios de construcción y se reutiliza. Los
or construction sites and reused. Common salvaged materials
salvaged material material rescatado materiales comúnmente rescatados incluyen vigas y postes
include structural beams and posts, flooring, doors, cabinetry,
estructurales, pisos, puertas, piezas de ebanistería, ladrillos y
brick, and decorative items.
elementos decorativos.

the authority responsible for decision making about school Autoridad responsable de la toma de decisiones relativa a las
operations, districts, personnel, financing, and future operaciones, distritos, personal, financiación y futuros
school authority autoridad escolar
development. Examples include school boards, local desarrollos de la escuela. Algunos ejemplos son las juntas
governments, and religious institutions. escolares, los gobiernos locales y las instituciones religiosas.

direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources owned or Emisiones de efecto invernadero directas de fuentes que sean
Scope 1 emissions controlled by the entity, such as emissions from fossil fuels emisiones de ámbito 1 propiedad o estén controladas por la entidad, como las
burned on site emisiones de combustibles fósiles quemados en el sitio.

indirect greenhouse gas emissions associated with the Emisiones de efecto invernadero indirectas asociadas con la
generation of purchased electricity, heating/cooling, or steam generación de electricidad adquirida,
Scope 2 emissions emisiones de ámbito 2
off site, through a utility provider for the entity’s calefacción/refrigeración o vapor fuera del sitio para el
consumption consumo de la entidad mediante un proveedor de servicios.

the percentage of analysis points across the analysis area that Porcentaje de puntos de análisis en la superficie de análisis
sDA300/50% meet or exceed this 300 lux value for at least 50% of the sDA300/50% que cumplan o excedan el valor de 300 lux durante el menos
analysis period  el 50% del periodo de análisis. 

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the information technology (IT) load as measured at the Carga del sistema de tecnologías de la información (TI)
point of connection (e.g., power receptacle) of the IT device medida en el punto de conexión (como la toma de corriente)
to the electrical power system. Server input captures the del dispositivo de TI a la red eléctrica. La entrada del
server input entrada del servidor
actual power load of the IT device exclusive of any power servidor captura la carga eléctrica real del dispositivo de TI
distribution losses and non-IT loads (e.g., rack-mounted excluyendo cualquier pérdida de potencia y carga que no sea
fans). de TI (como los ventiladores montados en los racks).

the assumed length of time that a building, product, or Cantidad de tiempo que se prevé que el edificio, producto o
service life assembly will be operational for the purposes of a life-cycle vida útil ensamblado estará operativo en relación con una evaluación
assessment del ciclo de vida.

shared multioccupant a place of congregation, or where occupants pursue espacio compartido por Lugar de congregación o aquel en el que los ocupantes
space overlapping or collaborative tasks múltiples ocupantes realicen tareas colaborativas o que se solapen.

an area designed to be fitted out for future expansion. Shell Área diseñada para ser equipada en expansiones futuras. El
espacio sin acabados
shell space space is enclosed by the building envelope but otherwise left espacio sin acabados interiores está limitado por
interiores
unfinished. la envolvente del edificio, pero se ha dejado sin finalizar.

non-enclosed bicycle parking typically used by visitors for a almacenamiento para Estacionamiento para bicicletas abierto usado normalmente
short-term bicycle storage
period of two hours or less. bicicletas a corto plazo por visitantes durante periodos no superiores a dos horas.

También conocidos como "análisis del modelo energético


(also known as “building-massing model energy analysis”) a
edificio-masa", es un sencillo análisis energético de caso base
simple base-case energy analysis that informs the team about análisis sencillo del modelo
simple box energy que informa al equipo sobre la distribución del consumo de
the building’s likely distribution of energy consumption and energético (simple box
modeling analysis energía del edificio más probable y se emplea para evaluar
is used to evaluate potential project energy strategies. A energy modeling analysis)
las posibles estrategias energéticas del edificio. Un sistema
simple box analysis uses a basic, schematic building form.
sencillo que usa una forma básica y esquemática del edificio.

Evaluación de las características de la superficie y el


an evaluation of an area’s aboveground and subsurface
subsuelo de una zona, incluyendo las estructuras, geología e
characteristics, including its structures, geology, and
hidrología. La evaluación del sitio suele ayudar a determinar
hydrology. Site assessments typically help determine whether
site assessment evaluación del sitio si ha habido contaminación y el alcance y la concentración de
contamination has occurred and the extent and concentration
cualquier descarga de contaminantes. Las decisiones sobre
of any release of pollutants. Remediation decisions rely on
remediación dependen de la información generada durante las
information generated during site assessments.
evaluaciones del sitio.

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an overall design or development concept for the project and Diseño general o concepto de desarrollo del proyecto y los
associated (or potentially associated) buildings and sites. The edificios y sitios asociados (o potencialmente asociados). El
plan considers future sustainable use, expansion, and plan considera futuros usos sustentables, expansiones y
site master plan plan maestro del sitio
contraction. The site master plan is typically illustrated, with contracciones. El plan maestro del sitio suele estar ilustrado
building plans (if applicable), site drawings of planned con planos del edificio (si procede), dibujos del sitio del
phased development, and narrative descriptions. desarrollo por fases y descripciones narrativas.

an area whose functions can be easily changed. For example, Área cuyas funciones pueden cambiarse fácilmente. Por
hospital administrative offices could be moved so that this ejemplo, las oficinas administrativas de un hospital podrían
soft space soft space could be converted to a laboratory. In contrast, a espacio flexible desplazarse para que ese espacio flexible se convirtiera en
lab with specialized equipment and infrastructure would be laboratorio. Por el contrario, sería difícil reubicar un
difficult to relocate. laboratorio con equipo e infraestructuras especializadas.

the elements of a landscape that consist of live, horticultural elementos naturales del Las partes del paisajismo que consisten en elementos vivos
softscape
elements paisajismo hortícolas.

shared solar array or other renewable energy system with Placas solares o cualquier otro sistema de energía renovable
huerto solar/sistema
solar garden/ community grid-connected subscribers who receive credit for the use of que sea compartido por suscriptores conectados a la red que
comunitario de energía
renewable energy system renewables using virtual net metering (Adapted from reciben créditos por el consumo de renovables usando
renovable
solargardens.org) mediciones netas virtuales. (Adaptado de solargardens.org).

the fraction of solar energy that is reflected by a surface on a La fracción de energía solar que refleja una superficie en una
scale of 0 to 1. Black paint has a solar reflectance of 0; white escala de 0 a 1. La pintura negra tiene una reflectancia solar
paint (titanium dioxide) has a solar reflectance of 1. The de 0, la pintura blanca (dióxido de titanio) tiene una
standard technique for its determination uses reflectancia solar de 1. La técnica estándar para su
solar reflectance (SR) spectrophotometric measurements, with an integrating sphere reflectancia solar (RS) determinación usa mediciones espectrofotométricas, con una
to determine the reflectance at each wavelength. The average esfera integradora para determinar la reflectancia en cada
reflectance is then determined by an averaging process, using longitud de onda. La reflectancia media se mide entonces
a standard solar spectrum, as documented by ASTM mediante un proceso de promedio, usando un espectro solar
Standards E903 and E892. estándar documentado en los estándares ASTM E903 y E892.

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Medida de la capacidad de la superficie construida de


a measure of the constructed surface’s ability to stay cool in
mantenerse fresca bajo el sol reflejando la radiación solar y
the sun by reflecting solar radiation and emitting thermal
emitiendo la radiación térmica. Se define de tal modo que
radiation. It is defined such that a standard black surface
una superficie negra estándar (reflectancia solar inicial de
(initial solar reflectance 0.05, initial thermal emittance 0.90)
0,05, emitancia térmica inicial de 0,9) tenga un IRS inicial de
has an initial SRI of 0, and a standard white surface (initial
índice de reflectividad solar 0, y una superficie estándar blanca (reflectancia solar inicial
solar reflectance index solar reflectance 0.80, initial thermal emittance 0.90) has an
(solar reflectivity index de 0,8, emitancia térmica inicial de 0,9) tenga un IRS inicial
(SRI) initial SRI of 100. To calculate the SRI for a given material,
(SRI)) de 100. Para calcular el IRS de un material concreto, obtenga
obtain its solar reflectance and thermal emittance via the
su reflectancia solar y su emitancia térmica mediante el
Cool Roof Rating Council Standard (CRRC-1). SRI is
estándar Cool Roof Rating Council Standard (CRRC-1). El
calculated according to ASTM E 1980. Calculation of the
IRS se calcula según el ASTM E 1980. Los cálculos del IRS
aged SRI is based on the aged tested values of solar
envejecido se basan en los valores probados envejecidos de
reflectance and thermal emittance.
reflectancia solar y emitancia térmica.

a set of uniformity criteria that ensure consistent Conjunto de criterios uniformes que aseguran la
sound-level coverage intelligibility and directionality of audible frequencies for all cobertura acústica inteligibilidad y direccionalidad de las frecuencias audibles
occupants within a space para todos los ocupantes de un espacio.

a decrease in the amount of unnecessary material brought Disminución de la cantidad de material innecesario que se
into a building in order to produce less waste. For example, lleva a un edificio para producir menos residuos. Por
source reduction reducción de fuentes
purchasing products with less packaging is a source reduction ejemplo, comprar productos con menos embalaje es una
strategy. estrategia de reducción de fuentes.

Métrica que describe la suficiencia de los niveles de luz


a metric describing annual sufficiency of ambient daylight
natural ambiental en entornos interiores. Se define como el
levels in interior environments. It is defined as the percentage
porcentaje de un área de análisis (el área en la que se realizan
of an analysis area (the area where calculations are
los cálculos, típicamente en todo un espacio) que cumple con
performed, typically across an entire space) that meets a
un nivel mínimo de iluminancia con luz natural durante una
spatial daylight autonomy minimum daylight illuminance level for a specified fraction
spatial daylight autonomy fracción especificada de las horas operativas al año (es decir,
(sDA) of the operating hours per year (i.e., the Daylight
el valor de autonomía de la iluminación natural valorado
Autonomy value following Reinhart & Walkenhorst,
siguiendo a Reinhart & Walkenhorst, 2001). El nivel de
2001). The illluminance level and time fraction are included
iluminancia y la fracción de tiempo se incluyen como
as subscripts, as in sDA300,50%. The sDA value is expressed
subíndices, por ejemplo sDA300,50%. El valor sDA se
as a percentage of area.
expresa como porcentaje de un área.

a condition in which speech is unintelligible to casual Condición en la que el habla es ininteligible para oyentes
speech privacy privacidad de habla
listeners (ANSI T1.523–2001) fortuitos (ANSI T1.523–2001).

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the distribution of acoustic energy as a function of frequency Distribución de la energía acústica como una función de
speech spectra espectros del habla
for human speech  frecuencia en el habla humana. 

Servicio de tránsito con pequeños autos individuales para


a transit service with small, individual rail cars. Spacing
sobre vías. Las estaciones están separadas por intervalos
between stations is uniformly short and ranges from every
cortos y uniformes que pueden ir desde una parada en cada
streetcar block to ¼ mile, and operating speeds are primarily 10–30 tranvía
manzana hasta una cada 0,4 km (0,25 millas), y la velocidad
mph (15–50 kmh). Streetcar routes typically extend 2–5
suele ser de 15-50 km/h (10-30 mph). Las vías de tranvía
miles (3-8 kilometers).
tienden a abarcar 3-8 kilómetros (2-5 millas).

elements carrying either vertical or horizontal loads (e.g., Elementos que soportan cargas verticales u horizontales
structure walls, roofs, and floors) that are considered structurally sound estructura (como muros, techos y pisos) considerados estructuralmente
and nonhazardous sólidos y no peligrosos.

Ofrece la información necesaria para entender, operar y


provides the information needed to understand, operate, and
mantener los sistemas y ensamblajes de un edificio. Amplía
maintain the systems and assemblies within a building. It
el ámbito de la documentación de operaciones y
expands the scope of the traditional operating and
mantenimiento tradicional y se compone de múltiples
systems manual maintenance documentation and is compiled of multiple manual de sistemas
documentos desarrollados durante el proceso de
documents developed during the commissioning process,
comisionamiento, como los requisitos del propietario del
such as the owner’s project requirements, operation and
proyecto, los manuales de operación y mantenimiento, así
maintenance manuals, and sequences of operation. 
como las secuencias de operación. 

Enfoque de la hidrología en el que las cuencas se modelan


an approach to hydrology in which watersheds are modeled para calcular el volumen de la escorrentía, la tasa máxima de
to calculate storm runoff volume, peak rate of discharge, descarga, los hidrogramas y los volúmenes de
Technical Release (TR) 55 Technical Release 55
hydrographs, and storage volumes, developed by the former almacenamiento, desarrollado por el antiguo Servicio de
USDA Soil Conservation Service Conservación del Suelo del USDA (USDA Soil Conservation
Service).

the ratio of the radiant heat flux emitted by a specimen to Proporción entre el flujo de calor radiante emitido por una
thermal emittance that emitted by a blackbody radiator at the same temperature emitancia térmica muestra y el emitido por un radiador negro a la misma
(adapted from Cool Roof Rating Council) temperatura (adaptado del Cool Roof Rating Council).

la reflectancia solar o el
Clasificación de la reflectancia solar o del índice de
three-year aged SR or a solar reflectance or solar reflectance index rating that is índice de reflectancia solar
reflectancia solar medido tras tres años de exposición a los
SRI value measured after three years of weather exposure a los tres años
elementos.

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an arrangement in which customers pay higher fees to use Acuerdo mediante el cual los clientes pagan tarifas por
time-of-use pricing utilities during peak time periods and lower fees during off- precio en función del uso servicios más altas durante periodos de mayor demanda y
peak time periods tarifas más bajas durante periodos de menor demanda.

vehicle storage that is underground, under deck, under roof, Estacionamiento de vehículos cubierto bajo una cubierta, un
undercover parking estacionamiento cubierto
or under a building techo o un edificio.

Electricidad suministrada por una unidad que mantiene el


equipo de tecnologías de la información (TI) en
the electricity provided by a unit that keeps information
funcionamiento durante un apagón. La salida del SAI no
technology (IT) equipment functioning during a power
incluye pérdidas de eficiencia de la propia unidad, aunque si
outage. UPS output does not include efficiency losses from
incluye pérdidas de componentes de distribución eléctrica
the unit itself but does include losses from downstream
posteriores, como las unidades de distribución eléctrica, y
electrical distribution components, such as power distribution
podría incluir dispositivos auxiliares que no sean de IT y que
units, and it may include non-IT ancillary devices installed in
salida del sistema de están instalados en los racks de IT, como los ventiladores. Si
uninterruptible power IT racks, such as fans. If the UPS system supports non-IT
alimentación el sistema SAI incluye equipo que no sea de TI (como aire
supply (UPS) output equipment (e.g., computer room air-conditioning units,
ininterrumpida (SAI) acondicionado para la sala de computadoras, manejadoras de
computer room air handlers, in-row coolers), this usage must
aire para la sala de computadoras, refrigeración en filas),
be metered and subtracted from the UPS output reading. The
dicho consumo debe medirse y sustraerse de la lectura de
metering approach should be consistent with the metering
potencia de la SAI. El enfoque de medición debe ser
required for the power usage efficiency (PUE) category (e.g.,
coherente con la medición necesaria para la categoría de
continuous consumption metering for PUE categories 1, 2
eficiencia del consumo de energía (ECE) (por ejemplo, una
and 3).
medición continua del consumo para las categorías de ECE 1,
2 y 3).

Artículos peligrosos que pueden adquirirse fácilmente y


hazardous items that are easily purchased and commonly
usarse comúnmente. Algunos ejemplos incluyen baterías,
used. Examples include batteries, pesticides, mercury-
universal waste desechos universales pesticidas, equipamiento que contenga mercurio y bombillas.
containing equipment, and light bulbs. See
Consulte
epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/universal/index.htm.
epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/universal/index.htm.

Área designada para equipamiento, maquinaria o


an area designed for equipment, machinery, or storage rather
almacenamiento en lugar de para actividades humanas. Un
unoccupied space than for human activities. An equipment area is considered espacio no ocupado
área de equipamiento se considera no ocupada solo si el
unoccupied only if retrieval of equipment is occasional.
equipamiento se saca ocasionalmente.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Sistema de calefacción, refrigeración o control asociado con


a heating or cooling system or control associated with the
el sistema de energía de distrito pero que no forma parte de la
district energy system (DES) but not part of the thermal
conexión térmica o interfaz del mismo. El equipamiento
connection or interface with the DES. Upstream equipment
upstream equipment upstream equipment upstream incluye la planta de conversión de energía térmica y
includes the thermal energy conversion plant and all the
todo el equipo de transmisión y distribución asociado con el
transmission and distribution equipment associated with
transporte de la energía térmica al edificio o sitio del
transporting the thermal energy to the project building or site.
proyecto.

Certificación del Departamento de Agricultura de Estados


the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s certification for
Unidos (U.S. Department of Agriculture) para productos en
products that contain at least 95% ingredients (excluding
los que al menos el 95% de los ingredientes (excluyendo
water and salt) produced without synthetic chemicals,
certificación ecológica agua y sal) se produzcan sin químicos sintéticos, antibióticos
USDA Organic antibiotics, or hormones. Any remaining ingredients must
USDA Organic u hormonas. El resto de los ingredientes debe consistir en
consist of USDA-approved nonagricultural substances or
sustancias no agrícolas o productos agrícolas aprobados por
agricultural products that are not commercially available in
el USDA que no estén disponibles comercialmente en versión
organic form.
orgánica.

illuminance levels calculated at a point on a vertical surface, Niveles de iluminancia calculados en un punto en una
vertical illuminance iluminancia vertical
or that occur on a vertical plane. superficie vertical, o que sucedan en un plano vertical.

the glass portion of an exterior window that permits views to Porción de vidrio del exterior de una ventana que permite
the exterior or interior. Vision glazing must allow a clear vistas al exterior o al interior. El acristalamiento con visión
vision glazing image of the exterior and must not be obstructed by frits, vision glazing debe permitir una imagen clara del exterior y no puede estar
fibers, patterned glazing, or added tints that distort color obstruido por fritas, fibras, vidrios con diseños o tintes
balance. añadidos que distorsionen el equilibrio de color.

the distance that a pedestrian must travel between origins


Distancia que tiene que recorrer un peatón entre el origen y el
and destinations without obstruction, in a safe and
destino sin obstáculos, en un entorno seguro y cómodo
comfortable environment on a continuous network of
siguiendo una red de aceras continua, senderos siempre
walking distance sidewalks, all weather-surface footpaths, crosswalks, or distancia a pie
transitables, cruces peatonales o instalaciones para peatones
equivalent pedestrian facilities. The walking distance must be
similares. La distancia a pie debe calcularse desde una
drawn from an entrance that is accessible to all building
entrada que sea accesible para todos los usuarios del edificio.
users.

a management activity that disposes of waste through Actividad de gestión de elimina los desechos mediante
waste diversion methods other than incineration or landfilling. Examples desvío de desechos métodos que no sean la incineración o los rellenos sanitarios.
include reuse and recycling. Algunos ejemplos son la reutilización y el reciclaje.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Spanish) Spanish Definition

Conversión de materiales de desecho no reciclables en calor


the conversion of nonrecyclable waste materials into usable
utilizable, electricidad o combustible mediante una variedad
heat, electricity, or fuel through a variety of processes,
waste-to-energy de desecho a energía de procesos, incluyendo la combustión, gasificación,
including combustion, gasification, pyrolization, anaerobic
pirólisis, digestión anaeróbica y recuperación de gases de
digestion, and landfill gas (LFG) recovery
vertedero.

Agua superficial de una corriente (de primer orden y


the surface water of a stream (first-order and higher,
superior, incluyendo torrentes intermitentes), arroyo, río,
water body including intermittent streams), arroyo, river, canal, lake, cuerpo de agua
canal, lago, estuario, bahía u océano. No incluye acequias de
estuary, bay, or ocean. It does not include irrigation ditches.
riego.

Método específico del proyecto para calcular la cantidad de


a project-specific method of calculating the amount of water
agua requerida por el edificio y los terrenos asociados. El
required by the building and associated grounds. The budget
presupuesto tiene en consideración la demanda de agua
takes into account indoor, outdoor, process, and makeup
interior, exterior, de procesos y reposición y todo suministro
water budget water demands and any on site supply including estimated balance de agua
del sitio incluyendo las precipitaciones estimadas. Los
rainfall. Water budgets must be associated with a specified
presupuestos de agua deben asociarse a una cantidad de
amount of time, such as a week, month, or year and a
tiempo concreta, como una semana, mes o año, y una
quantity of water such as kGal, or liters.
cantidad da agua, como miles de galones o litros.

a device installed inside a water pipe to record the volume of Dispositivo instalado dentro de una tubería de agua para
wet meter medidor húmedo
passing water registrar el volumen de agua que fluye.

Zona que tiende a inundarse o saturarse de agua superficial o


an area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground subterránea con una frecuencia o durante un tiempo
water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and suficiente para albergar, y que en situaciones normales
that under normal circumstances does support, a prevalence alberga, principalmente vegetación típicamente adaptada a la
wetland of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil humedales vida en condiciones de saturación del suelo. Se entienden
conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, normalmente por humedales los pantanos, ciénagas, lodazales
bogs, and similar areas, but exclude irrigation ditches unless y áreas similares; y no suelen considerarse las acequias de
delineated as part of an adjacent wetland. riego, a no ser que se hayan trazado como parte de un
humedal adyacente.

Materiales vegetales que pueden considerarse para


plant-based materials that are eligible for certification under
certificación bajo el Forest Stewardship Council. Algunos
the Forest Stewardship Council. Examples include bamboo
wood madera ejemplos son el bambú y la palma (monocotiledóneas),
and palm (monocots) as well as hardwoods (angiosperms)
además de las maderas duras (angiospermas) y blandas
and softwoods (gymnosperms)
(gimnospermas).

xeriscaping landscaping that does not require routine irrigation xeriscaping Paisajismo que no requiere riego rutinario.

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a vehicle used primarily to facilitate the movement of truck Vehículo usado principalmente para facilitar el movimiento
trailers and other types of large shipping containers from one de camiones y otros tipos de contenedores de gran tamaño de
yard tractor area of a site to another. It does not include forklift tractor de almacén una zona del sitio a otra. No incluye carretillas
trucks. Also known as terminal tractor, yard truck, utility elevadoras. También conocido como camión de terminal o
tractor rig, yard goat, or yard hustler. camión de patio.

proyecto totalmente
a plot whose building footprint typically aligns or nearly Parcela cuya huella suele coincidir o casi coincide con los
zero lot line project ocupado por la huella del
aligns with the site limits límites del sitio.
edificio (zero lot line)

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

property left behind intentionally and permanently when it


appears that the former owner does not intend to come back, 有意和永久遗留下的财产,且之前的业主似乎并不准备
pick it up, or use it. One may have abandoned the property of 回来认领或使用之。 未履行合同要求可视为放弃合同财
contract rights by not doing what is required by the contract. 产(物业)的权益。 但是,地役权和其他土地权益不能
abandoned property 废弃物业
However, an easement and other land rights are not 只因为未使用而视为废弃财产(物业)。 废弃土地被定
abandoned property just because of nonuse. Abandoned land 义为目前未使用的土地,但可能有现成的公用设施和基
is defined as land not being used at the present time but that 础设施。
may have utilities and infrastructure in place.

vegetation that is not native to a particular region but that has 不是特定区域原生的植物,但拥有可以让其在该区域生
adapted plant  characteristics that allow it to live in the area. Adapted plants 适应性植物 存的特性。 适应性植物不会带来与入侵物种一样的问题
do not pose the same problems as invasive species. 。

a substance added to a product (e.g., paint, flooring) to kill


or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Some products, 添加到产品(如,油漆、地板)中以杀死或抑制微生物
such as linoleum, exhibit natural antimicrobial properties. 生长的物质。 某些产品,如油毡,具有天然的抗菌特性
Despite current practice, science has not proven that 。 尽管目前有所实践,科学尚未证明抗菌处理能比标准
added antimicrobial
antimicrobial treatments reduce infection transfer in building 抗菌处理添加剂 清洁程序更有效地减少建筑饰面中细菌的感染传播。 也
treatment 被称为微生物添加剂。 参见美国环保局事实表《经杀虫
finishes more effectively than standard cleaning procedures.
Also known as added microbial agent. See U.S. EPA 剂处理的消费类产品》(www.epa.gov/pesticides
factsheet, Consumer Products Treated with Pesticides factsheets/treatart.htm)。
(www.epa.gov/pesticides factsheets/treatart.htm).

a site having at least a continuous 25% of its boundary


bordering parcels that are previously developed sites. Only 至少有 25% 的连续边界与先前已开发场址地块接壤的
adjacent site consider bordering parcels, not intervening rights-of-way. 相连场址 场址。 仅考虑不干扰道路用地的接壤地块。 计算中不
Any fraction of the boundary that borders a water body is 考虑任何与水体接壤的边界部分。
excluded from the calculation.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

material other than earthen material placed on the surface of


the active face of a municipal solid waste landfill at the end 土质材料除外的一种材料,每个运营日结束时,放在城
alternative daily cover of each operating day to control vectors, fires, odors, blowing 市固体废物填埋场作用面的表面,用于控制病菌、火灾
每日覆盖替代材料 (ADC) 、气味,防止垃圾被吹飞,以及防止人员捡拾垃圾堆里
(ADC) litter, and scavenging. Generally these materials must be 的东西。一般来说这些材料必须经过处理,这样才不会
processed so they do not allow gaps in the exposed landfill 在裸露的垃圾填埋场表面留下空隙。(CalRecycle)
face. (CalRecycle)

low-polluting, nongasoline fuels such as electricity,


alternative fuel hydrogen, propane, compressed natural gas, liquid natural 低污染非汽油燃料,如电力、氢气、丙烷、压缩天然气
替代燃料 、液化天然气、甲醇及乙醇
gas, methanol, and ethanol

nonpotable water from other than public utilities, on-site


surface sources, and subsurface natural freshwater sources. 除来自公共设施、场址内地表水源和地下天然淡水水源
alternative water source Examples include graywater, on-site reclaimed water, 以外的非饮用水, 包括灰水、场址内再生水、收集的雨
替代性水资源
水、收集的冷凝水,以及反渗透系统 (IgCC) 的工艺废
collected rainwater, captured condensate, and rejected water 水 。
from reverse osmosis systems (IgCC).

a metric that describes the potential for visual discomfort in


interior work environments. It is defined as the percentage of 一种描述室内工作环境潜在视觉不适程度的指标。 被
annual sunlight exposure
an analysis area that exceeds a specified direct sunlight 年阳光照射度 (ASE) 定义为分析区域中超出指定阳光直射照明等级的时间超
(ASE) 过指定小时数的面积百分比。
illuminance level more than a specified number of hours per
year.

a built-in, nonstructural portion of a roof system. Examples


appurtenance include skylights, ventilators, mechanical equipment, 屋面系统内置的非结构部分。 包括天窗、通风装置、
附属构件 机械设备、隔断和太阳能板。
partitions, and solar energy panels.

reports the percentage of sensors in the analysis area, using a


maximum 2-foot spacing between points, that are found to be 使用最大 2 英尺的点间距,考虑将相同的 10 小时/天
exposed to more than 1000 lux of direct sunlight for more 分析期作为 sDA,并使用可比的模拟方法,报告分析区
ASE1000,250 than 250 hours per year, before any operable blinds or shades ASE1000,250 域中在安装活动窗帘或遮阳设备以阻挡阳光之前,每年
are deployed to block sunlight, considering the same 10 暴露在超过 1000 勒克斯直射阳光下超过 250 小时的传
hour/day analysis period as sDA and using comparable 感器的百分比
simulation methods

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a product formulated from multiple materials (e.g., concrete) 由多种材料组成的产品(例如,混凝土),或者由子部


assembly 组合材料
or a product made up of subcomponents (e.g., a workstation) 件组成的产品(如工作站)

the limits used by school districts to determine what school 教育局用来根据学生居住的地方来确定学生上哪所学校


attendance boundary 学生活动边界
students attend based on where they live 的边界

the illumination output for light-emitting diode lamps, as


average LED intensity 发光二极管灯的照明输出,由国际照明委员会标准
specified in the International Commission on Illumination 平均 LED 密度 (ALI)
(ALI) 127–2007 指定
Standard 127–2007

materials and products that make up the building or are


base building permanently and semi-permanently installed in the project 组成建筑的,或者永久性和半永久性安装在项目中的材
基本建筑
料和产品(如地板、箱柜、墙面)
(e.g., flooring, casework, wall coverings)

baseline building the annual energy cost for a building design, used as a 建筑设计的年能源成本,用于与高于标准要求的设计进
建筑性能基线 行比较的基线
performance baseline for comparison with above-standard design

before the LEED project was initiated, but not necessarily


before any development or disturbance took place. Baseline 在 LEED 项目开始之前,但是不一定要在开发或施工开
baseline condition conditions describe the state of the project site on the date the 场址基本状况 始之前。 场址基本状况描述了在开发商通过购买或购买
选择权获得大部分可建土地的权利那天项目场址的状态
developer acquired rights to a majority of its buildable land 。
through purchase or option to purchase.

a calculated projection of building water use assuming code- 与项目设计或实际水表数相比,在采用符合规范且此外


baseline water
compliant fixtures and fittings with no additional savings 用水量基线 不会节省更多用水的设备及配件时,对建筑用水量的计
consumption 算预测
compared with the design case or actual water meter data

the information necessary to accomplish the owner’s project


requirements, including system descriptions, indoor 完成业主项目任务书所需的信息,包括系统介绍、室内
basis of design (BOD) environmental quality criteria, design assumptions, and 设计基础要求 (BOD) 环境质量条件、设计假设和对适用条例、标准、规范和
references to applicable codes, standards, regulations, and 指南的参考
guidelines

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a continuous network consisting of any combination of the


following 1) off street bicycle paths or trails at least 8 feet 由以下任意组合构成的连续网络 1) 街道外的自行车道
(2.5 meters) wide for a two-way path and at least 5 feet (1.5 或小径,双车道至少 8 英尺(2.5 米)宽,单车道至少
bicycle network 自行车道网络 5 英尺(1.5 米)宽 2) 在街道上实际指定的至少 5 英
meters) wide for a one-way path 2) physically designated on- 尺(1.5 米)宽的自行车道 3) 设计速度为 25 mph (40
street bicycle lanes at least 5 feet (1.5 meters) wide 3) streets km/h) 的街道
designed for a target speed of 25 mph (40 kmh)

the distance that a bicyclist must travel between origins and


bicycling distance destinations, the entirety of which must be on a bicycle 骑自行车的人必须在起点和终点之间骑行的距离,整个
自行车骑行距离 骑行过程都必须在自行车道网络中进行。
network.

commercial or industrial products (other than food or feed)


that are composed in whole, or in significant part, of 完全或大部分由生物制品、可再生农业材料(包括植物
biological products, renewable agricultural materials 、动物和海洋生物)或林业材料构成的商业或工业产品
bio-based material 生物基材料
(including plant, animal, and marine materials), or forestry (食品或饲料除外)。 就 LEED 而言,这不包括皮革和
materials. For the purposes of LEED, this excludes leather 其他动物皮。
and other animal hides.

wastewater containing urine or fecal matter that should be


discharged to the sanitary drainage system of the building or
premises in accordance with the International Plumbing 含有尿或粪便,且应被排放到符合国际管道规范的建筑
blackwater Code. Wastewater from kitchen sinks (sometimes 或住房卫生排水系统的废水。 根据某些州或地方法规,
污水 厨房水槽(有时会根据垃圾处理的使用情况进行区分)
differentiated by the use of a garbage disposal), showers, or 、淋浴或浴缸废水被视为污水。
bathtubs is considered blackwater under some state or local
codes.

the removal of makeup water from a cooling tower or


blowdown evaporative condenser recirculation system to reduce 排放 从冷却塔或蒸发式冷凝器循环系统中去除补给水以降低
溶解固体的浓度
concentrations of dissolved solids

real property or the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of


brownfield which may be complicated by the presence or possible 因含有或可能含有危害性物质、污染物或致污物而使得
褐地
扩大、再开发或再利用变得复杂的不动产。
presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a luminaire classification system that classifies luminaires in


terms of backlight (B), uplight (U), and glare (G) (taken from 一种光源分级系统,按照背光源 (B)、向上照射的灯
BUG rating BUG 评级 (U) 和眩光 (G) 对光源进行分级(依据 IES/IDA 照明
IES/IDA Model Lighting Ordinance). BUG ratings supersede 条例范本)。 BUG 评级取代之前的截光评级。
the former cutoff ratings.

the portion of the site where construction can occur,


including land voluntarily set aside and not constructed on. 可以进行建造的场址部分,包括自愿预留和未建造的土
buildable land When used in density calculations, buildable land excludes 可建造土地 地。 在密度计算中使用时,可建造土地不包括公共道路
public rights-of-way and land excluded from development by 用地和现行法律禁止开发的土地。
codified law.

a structure’s primary and secondary weatherproofing system,


including waterproofing membranes and air- and water- 建筑的主要和辅助防水系统,包括防水膜以及密封和防
building exterior 建筑外构造
resistant barrier materials, and all building elements outside 水阻隔材料,以及该系统外的所有建筑构件
that system

building interior everything inside a structure’s weatherproofing membrane 建筑室内 建筑防水/防潮层以内的所有构件

an enhanced bus system that operates on exclusive bus lanes 经过改善的公车系统,只在公车专用车道或其他公交道


bus rapid transit or other transit rights-of-way. The system is designed to 公车快速/专用通道 路用地上运营。 该系统旨在将公车的灵活性与轨道的效
combine the flexibility of buses with the efficiency of rail. 率相结合。

a unit of carbon dioxide equivalent that is reduced, avoided,


carbon offset or sequestered to compensate for emissions occurring 为补偿其他地点的碳排放而减少、避免或隔离的二氧化
碳补偿 碳当量单位(世界资源研究所)
elsewhere (World Resources Institute)

a procedure that tracks a product from the point of harvest or


chain of custody (CoC) extraction to its end use, including all successive stages of 监管链 (CoC) 用于跟踪产品的程序,从收获或萃取到其最终用途,包
括加工、转化、制造及分销这几个连续的阶段
processing, transformation, manufacturing, and distribution

an intensive, multiparty workshop that brings people from


charrette different disciplines and backgrounds together to explore, 专家研讨会 深入细致的多方研讨会,将不同学科和背景的人聚集到
一起来探索、形成和共同制定设计方案
generate, and collaboratively produce design options

U.S. Green Building Council 95 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a fluid, containing hydrocarbons, that absorbs heat from a


chlorofluorocarbon reservoir at low temperatures and rejects heat at higher 一种含有氯氟化碳的液体,在低温条件下从储液器中吸
氯氟化碳 (CFC) 型冷媒 热并在高温条件下散热。 排放到大气中以后,CFC 会消
(CFC)-based refrigerant temperatures. When emitted into the atmosphere, CFCs cause 耗平流层的臭氧层。
depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer.

the point in time in the morning (dawn) or evening (dusk)


when the center of the sun is geometrically 6 degrees below 早上(黎明)或晚上(黄昏)太阳中心线在地平线以下
the horizon. Under good weather conditions, civil twilight is 6 度的时间。 在天气良好的情况下,民用曙暮光是明确
civil twilight the best time to distinguish terrestrial objects clearly. Before 民用曙暮光 区分地面物体的最佳时间。 早上在民用曙暮光之前,以
civil twilight in the morning and after civil twilight in the 及晚上在民用曙暮光之后,一般来说都需要人工照明以
evening, artificial illumination normally is required to carry 进行普通户外活动。
on ordinary outdoor activities.

a space that is regularly occupied and used for educational


activities. In such space, the primary functions are teaching 定期占用并用于教育活动的空间。 在这种空间里,主
classroom or core
and learning, and good speech communication is critical to 教室或核心学习空间 要功能就是教学,良好的语言沟通对学生的学术成就至
learning space 关重要。 (引自 NSI S12.60)
students’ academic achievement. (Adapted from ANSI
S12.60)

nonhazardous materials left over from construction and 建造与拆除后遗留的非有害物质。 清洁废弃物不包括


clean waste 清洁废弃物
demolition. Clean waste excludes lead and asbestos. 铅和石棉。

glass that is transparent and allows a view through the 透明且用作窗户时视野良好的玻璃。 散射玻璃只能进
clear glazing 透明玻璃
fenestration. Diffused glazing allows only daylighting. 行自然采光。

a system that acts as a heat sink for heat-rejecting building


and medical equipment by recirculating water. Because the 使用循环水并作为排热建筑和医疗设备散热器的系统。
closed-loop cooling water is sealed within the system, some closed-loop cooling 闭环冷却 由于水密封在系统中,某些闭环冷却系统使用非饮用水
(如从空气处理装置的冷却盘管冷凝器回收的工艺用水
systems use nonpotable water (such as recycled process water )。
harvested from an air handler's cooling coil condensate).

U.S. Green Building Council 96 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a measurement from 0 to 100 that indictes how accurately an


artificial light source, as compared with an incandescent
light, displays hues. The higher the index number, the more 一种从 0 到 100 的指标,表示人造光源相比白炽灯在
accurately the light is rendering colors. Incandescent lighting 显示色调方面的准确性。 指数越大,灯呈现的颜色就越
color rendering index has a color rendering index above 95; standard high-pressure 显色指数 准确。 白炽灯照明的显色指数高于 95;标准高压钠灯
照明(如橙色色调的巷道灯)指数大约为 25;很多使用
sodium lighting (such as orange-hued roadway lights) 稀土荧光粉的荧光灯光源的显色指数为 80 或更高。
measures approximately 25; many fluorescent sources using (引自美国能源之星 (ENERGY STAR))
rare earth phosphors have a color rendering index of 80 and
above. (Adapted from U.S. ENERGY STAR)

combination oven water released from an oven that includes a steam cycle or
组合炉排水 包括蒸汽循环或选件的炉子中排出的水
discharge option

an integrated system that captures the heat, otherwise


unused, generated by a single fuel source in the production of 一种综合系统,收集发电过程中未使用的、由单一燃料
combined heat and power 热电联合 来源产生的热量。 也被称为热电联产。 (引自美国环
electrical power. Also known as cogeneration. (Adapted from 保局 (EPA))
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

building waste streams that are combined on the project site


commingled waste and hauled away for sorting into recyclable streams. Also 建筑废弃物流在项目场址中混合并运走,之后再分拣成
混合废弃物 可回收的废物流。 也被称为单流回收。
known as single-stream recycling.

the process of verifying and documenting that a building and


all of its systems and assemblies are planned, designed, 检验与记录一幢建筑及其所有系统与组件如何在规划、
commissioning (Cx) 调试 (Cx) 设计、安装、测试、操作及维护上满足业主项目要求的
installed, tested, operated, and maintained to meet the 过程
owner’s project requirements

the individual designated to organize, lead, and review the


completion of commissioning process activities. The CxA
commissioning authority facilitates communication among the owner, designer, and 负责组织、领导和审查调试过程活动是否完成的机构。
调试机构 (CxA) CxA 有助于业主、设计人员和承建商之间的沟通,可以
(CxA) contractor to ensure that complex systems are installed and 确保根据业主项目任务书安装和运行复杂系统。
function in accordance with the owner’s project
requirements.

the measurement of the level of dissolved solids in water,


using the ability of an electric current to pass through water. 利用电流在水中传导的能力,对水中溶解固体的浓度水
conductivity 导电率 平进行测量的指标。 由于其受温度的影响,为了标准起
Because it is affected by temperature, conductivity is 见,将在 25°C 时测量导电率。
measured at 25°C for standardization.

U.S. Green Building Council 97 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a region’s most common system for providing water to


plants by nonnatural means. A conventional irrigation system 某地区最常见的通过非自然方式为植物供水的系统。
conventional irrigation 常规浇灌 传统的灌溉系统通常使用压力供水,并通过洒水喷头浇
commonly uses pressure to deliver water and distributes it 洒地面。
through sprinkler heads above the ground.

the water discharged from a cooling tower typically because


increased salinity or alkalinity has caused scaling. Cooling 从冷却塔中排放水,一般是由于盐度或碱度越来越高,
cooling tower blowdown 冷却塔排放 导致结垢。 冷却塔排放的水盐度过高,无法在景观灌溉
tower blowdown may be too saline for use in landscape 中使用。
irrigation.

analysis of a product’s partial life cycle, from resource


extraction (cradle) to the factory gate (before it is transported 对产品部分生命周期的评估,从资源采集(摇篮)到工
cradle-to-gate assessment 摇篮到大门评估 厂大门(发运经销和销售之前)。 其省略了产品的使用
for distribution and sale). It omits the use and the disposal 和废弃处理阶段。
phases of the product.

an officially designated geographic area that includes both


cultural and natural resources associated with a historic 一个官方指定的地理区域,包括与历史事件、活动或人
cultural landscape 文化景观 物相关,或者展现出其他重要的文化或审美价值的文化
event, activity, or person or that exhibits other significant 和自然资源
cultural or aesthetic values

the implementation of the owner’s project requirements,


current facilities 业主项目要求的实施,经过制定以确认业主的当前运行
developed to confirm the owner’s current operational needs 现有设备要求 (CFR)
requirements (CFR) 需求和要求
and requirements

a designated area in a building space or a central facility that


is sized and allocated for a specific task, such as the
collection of recyclable waste. Signage often indicates the 建筑空间或中央设施中的一个专用区域,针对具体任务
type of recyclable waste stored there. Some waste streams, (如收集可回收废弃物)确定其大小并加以分配。 标牌
such as mercury-based light bulbs, sensitive paper 往往指示存放在这里的可回收废弃物的类型。 某些废弃
dedicated storage 专用存储区 物流,如含汞灯、敏感的纸质文件、生物医疗废弃物或
documents, biomedical waste, or batteries, may require 电池,可能需要特别的操作和处理方法。 请参考市政当
particular handling or disposal methods. Consult the 局的安全存放和处理程序,或使用美国环保局网站
municipality’s safe storage and disposal procedures or use www.epa.gov 上张贴的指南。
guidelines posted on the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency website, at www.epa.gov.

U.S. Green Building Council 98 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a change in electricity use by demand-side resources from


their normal consumption patterns in response to changes in 需求侧资源为响应电价变化或设计用于在市场批发价较
demand response (DR) the price of electricity or to incentive payments designed to 需求响应 (DR) 高或者系统可靠性受影响时降低用电量的奖励而作出的
induce lower electricity use at times of high wholesale 与正常消耗模式不同的用电量变更
market prices or when system reliability is jeopardized

a specific period of time when the utility or independent


demand response (DR) service operator calls for a change in the pattern or level of 公用设施或独立服务提供商呼吁计划参与者改变电网电
需求响应 (DR) 事件 力使用模式或使用量的一段指定时间。 也被称为限电事
event use in grid-based electricity from its program participants. 件。
Also known as a curtailment event.

a temporary interior wall that can be easily reconfigured. In a


health care facility, acoustical concerns and embedded 可以轻松重新配置的临时内墙。 在注重声学效果的拥
demountable partition 灵活隔断 有嵌入式设备的卫生保健设施中(如手术套房),可能
equipment, as in a surgery suite, may prevent demountable 会禁止使用灵活隔断
partitions from being used

an area with a design occupant density of 25 people or more 设计使用密度为每 1000 平方英尺 25 人或以上的区域
densely occupied space 人员密集使用空间
per 1,000 square feet (93 square meters) (人均 93 平方米)

a measure of the total building floor area or dwelling units


on a parcel of land relative to the buildable land of that 地块上的建筑总面积或居住单元相对于该地块可建造土
density 密度 地面积的比值。 测量密度的单位会因得分点要求而有所
parcel. Units for measuring density may differ according to 不同。 不包括结构性停车场。
credit requirements. Does not include structured parking.

– the floor area of a diagnostic and treatment of clinical


department, calculated from the centerline of the walls – 临床部门诊断和治疗设施的建筑面积,从分隔部门
departmental gross area
separating the department from adjacent spaces. Walls and 部门总面积 (DGA) 与相邻空间的墙壁中心线开始计算。 部门内的墙壁和交
(DGA) 通空间将包括在计算中。 该计算不包括住院病房。
circulations space within the department are included in the
calculation. This calculation excludes inpatient units.

the total land area of a project site covered by buildings,


development footprint streets, parking areas, and other typically impermeable 开发占地 项目场址(包括作为项目一部分开发的建筑、街道、停
车场以及其他常规不渗透的表面)的总占地面积
surfaces constructed as part of the project

U.S. Green Building Council 99 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a state in which two materials with different life spans make


up one complete component. If one material wears out and 使用寿命不同的两种材料组成一个完整组件的一种状态
differential durability 差异耐久性 。 如果一种材料磨损且无法分离或更换,整个产品必须
cannot be separated and replaced, the entire product must be 抛弃。
thrown away.

a means of entering a space without having to leave the floor


or pass through another patient’s room, dedicated staff space, 一种进入空间的方法,无需离开当前楼面或穿过其他患
direct access service or utility space, or major public space. Patients’ and 直接入口 者的房间、员工专用空间、服务或公用设施空间,或者
主要的公共空间。 患者和公共交通走廊、共同的休息区
public circulation corridors, common sitting areas, and 以及等待和日间区域都可以是直接入口路线的一部分。
waiting and day space may be part of a direct access route.

an interior horizontal measurement of 1,000 lux or more of


direct beam sunlight that accounts for window transmittance 室内测得 1,000 勒克斯或更多的直射日光量,计入窗
and angular effects, and excludes the effect of any operable 户透光率和角度影响,不包括任何活动窗帘的影响,也
direct sunlight 直射日光
blinds, with no contribution from reflected light (i.e., a zero 不包括反射光(即,零反射分析)和散射天空元素的影
bounce analysis) and no contribution from the diffuse sky 响(引自 IES)
component (Adapted from IES)

a central energy conversion plant and transmission and


distribution system that provides thermal energy to a group of 一种中央能源转换站以及传送和分配系统,为一组建筑
district energy system
buildings (e.g., a central cooling plant on a university 区域能源系统 (DES) 提供热能(如,大学校园中的中央供冷站)。 不包括仅
(DES) 提供电力的中央能源系统。
campus). It does not include central energy systems that
provide only electricity.

a distinct business or organization that provides goods or


services intended to meet daily needs and is publicly 提供旨在满足日常所需的商品或服务的不同企业或组织
diverse use 多样化使用 ,公开可用。不包括ATM、或自动贩卖机等自动化设施。
available. Automated facilities such as ATMs or vending 如需完整列表,请参阅附录
machines are not included. For a full list, see the Appendix.

U.S. Green Building Council 100 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

the heating and cooling systems, equipment, and controls


located in the project building or on the project site and 项目建筑或项目场址中的加热和冷却系统、设备和控制
associated with transporting the thermal energy of the district 装置,与将区域能源系统 (DES) 的热能输送到加热和制
downstream equipment energy system (DES) into heated and cooled spaces. 下游设备 冷空间有关。下游设备包括与 DES 之间的热连接或接口
Downstream equipment includes the thermal connection or 、建筑中的辅助分配系统和终端设备、由穿过系统的气
interface with the DES, secondary distribution systems in the 流从冷却塔或蒸发式冷凝器带来的漂流水滴。
building, and terminal units.

products with a useful life of approximately two or more


years and that are replaced infrequently. Examples include 使用寿命大约为 2 到 3 年且不频繁更换的产品。 包
durable goods 耐久产品 括家具、办公设备、家用电器、外部电源适配器、电视
furniture, office equipment, appliances, external power 机,以及视听设备。
adapters, televisions, and audiovisual equipment.

the flow of long-lasting products from the project building


after they are fully depreciated and have reached the end of 来自项目建筑的已完全折旧且已达到正常业务运营使用
durable goods waste their useful life for normal business operations. It includes 寿命的耐久产品流。 包括出租并还给所有者的耐久产品
耐久产品废弃流 ,但不包括仍可使用且转移到其他楼层或建筑的耐久产
stream leased durable goods returned to their owner but does not
include durable goods that remain functional and are moved 品。
to another floor or building.

the conductors, including the ungrounded, grounded, and


equipment grounding conductors, the electric vehicle
connectors, attachment plugs, and all other fittings, devices, 包括不接地、接地和设备接地导体在内的导体、电动车
electric vehicle supply 连接器、连接插头和其他所有配件、设备、电源插座或
power outlets or apparatuses installed specifically for the 电动车供电设备
equipment 专门为了从楼宇电缆向电动车提供电力的用具。 (国家
purpose of delivering energy from the premises wiring to the 电气规范和加利福尼亚州 625 条款)
electric vehicle. (National Electric Codes and California
Article 625)

discarded office equipment (computers, monitors, copiers,


printers, scanners, fax machines), appliances (refrigerators, 丢弃的办公设备(计算机、显示器、复印机、打印机、
electronic waste 废弃电器 扫描仪、传真机)、家用电器(冰箱、洗碗机、饮水机
dishwashers, water coolers), external power adapters, and )、外部电源适配器、电视和其他视听设备
televisions and other audiovisual equipment

U.S. Green Building Council 101 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

mercury in its purest form (rather than a mercury-containing


elemental mercury compound), the vapor of which is commonly used in 最纯形态的汞(而不是含汞化合物),其蒸气通常用于
纯汞 荧光灯和其他类型的灯泡
fluorescent and other bulb types

a luminaire that operates only during emergency conditions 仅在紧急情况下工作的光源,在常规建筑运营期间始终


emergency lighting 应急照明
and is always off during normal building operation 关闭

a nonresidential area of at least 5 acres (2 hectares) with a


employment center job density of at least 50 employees per net acre (at least 125 就业中心 至少 5 英亩(2 公顷)的非居住区,就业密度至少为
每净英亩 50 名员工(每净公顷至少 125 名员工)
employees per hectare net)

the exterior plus semi-exterior portions of the building.


Exterior consists of the elements of a building that separate 建筑外部和半外部结构。 外部包括将有空调的空间与
conditioned spaces from the outside (i.e., the wall assembly). 外部相隔离的建筑元素(例如,墙体组件)。 半外部包
Semiexterior consists of the elements of a building that 括将有空调的空间与无空调的空间相隔离的建筑元素,
enclosure 围护结构
separate conditioned space from unconditioned space or that 或者封闭半加热空间的建筑元素,热能可以通过该空间
encloses semi-heated space through which thermal energy 与外部、有空调的空间或无空调的空间(如,阁楼、爬
may be transferred to or from the exterior or conditioned or 行空隙、地下室)进行传递。
unconditioned spaces (e.g., attic, crawl space, basement).

a designation that allows an outside entity, such as USGBC,


to access water and energy usage information that a building 可以让外部实体,如 USGBC 访问建筑管理团队使用能
energy service provider 能源服务供应商 源之星数据管理器或类似工具维护的水和能源使用信息
management team maintains with ENERGY STAR Portfolio 的机构
Manager or a similar tool

a substance designed at the molecular (nanometer) level.


Because of its small size, it has novel properties generally not 在分子(纳米)水平上设计的物质。 由于尺寸很小,
seen in its conventional bulk counterpart. See the Australian 因此具有其大部分传统竞争对手一般不具有的新颖特性
engineered nanomaterial National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment 工程纳米材料 。 参见澳大利亚国家工业化学品通报和评估计
划,nicnas.gov.au/publications/information_sheets
Scheme, /general_information_sheets/nis_nanomaterials_pdf
nicnas.gov.au/publications/information_sheets/general_infor .pdf。
mation_sheets/nis_nanomaterials_pdf.pdf.

U.S. Green Building Council 102 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a statement that the item meets the environmental


environmental product 声明该物品符合 ISO 14021–1999、ISO 14025–2006
requirements of ISO 14021–1999, ISO 14025–2006 and EN 产品环境声明
declaration 和 EN 15804 或 ISO 21930–2007 的环保要求
15804, or ISO 21930–2007

the combination of evaporation and plant transpiration into


the atmosphere. Evaporation occurs when liquid water from 进入大气的蒸发和植物蒸腾之和。 蒸发是指土壤、植
evapotranspiration soil, plant surfaces, or water bodies becomes vapor. 蒸散 物表面或水体的液体变为蒸气。 蒸腾是指水通过植物转
Transpiration is the movement of water through a plant and 移以及随后以水蒸气形式散失。
the subsequent loss of water vapor.

measures undertaken by the maker of a product to accept its


own and sometimes other manufacturers’ products as
postconsumer waste at the end of the products’ useful life. 产品制造商采取的措施,以许诺其自己的、有时还包括
Producers recover and recycle the materials for use in new 其他制造商的产品在产品使用寿命结束后将成为消费后
extended producer 废弃物。 生产商将回收材料以用于相同类型的新产品。
products of the same type. To count toward credit 生产商延展责任
responsibility 为了符合得分点要求,必须广泛采用某种方案。 对于地
compliance, a program must be widely available. For carpet, 毯,扩大生产商责任必须与 NSF/ANSI 140–2007 保持
extended producer responsibility must be consistent with 一致。也被称为闭环程序或产品收回。
NSF/ANSI 140–2007. Also known as closed-loop program or
product take-back.

a roof that is covered with plants and typically not designed


for general access. Usually an extensive system is a rugged 覆满植物且一般并不被设计为可随便出入的屋面。 通
green roof that requires little maintenance once established. 常,粗放型系统是坚固耐用的种植屋面,建造好之后几
extensive vegetated roof The planting medium in extensive vegetated roofs ranges 粗放型种植屋面 乎不需维护。 粗放型种植屋面中的种植介质厚度从 1
from 1 to 6 inches in depth. (Adapted from U.S. EPA) 到 6 英寸。 (引自美国环保局 (EPA))外壳种植表面
exterior vegetated surface area the total area of vegetation on 面积,项目场址中植被总面积,包括种植屋面和草皮
the project site, including vegetated roofs and turf grass

a device installed on the outside of a water pipe to record the


external meter volume of water passing through it. Also known as a clamp- 外部水表 安装在水管外部以记录通过的水量的设备。 也被称为
钳型表。
on meter.

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the density of nonresidential land use, exclusive of parking,


measured as the total nonresidential building floor 非居住用地的密度,不包括停车场,计算方法为非居住
area divided by the total buildable land area available for 建筑总面积除以用于非居住结构的可建用地总面积。 例
nonresidential structures. For example, on a site with 10,000 如,在有 10000 平方英尺(930 平方米)可建用地面积
square feet (930 square meters) of buildable land area, an 的场址内,FAR 为 1.0 则表示有 10000 平方英尺(930
floor-area ratio (FAR) 容积率 (FAR) 平方米)的建筑面积。 在相同的场址中,FAR 为 1.5
FAR of 1.0 would be 10,000 square feet (930 square meters) 则表示有 15000 平方英尺(1395 平方米),FAR 为
of building floor area. On the same site, an FAR of 1.5 would 2.0 则表示有 20000 平方英尺(1860 平方米),FAR
be 15,000 square feet (1395 square meters), an FAR of 2.0 为 0.5 则表示有 5000 平方英尺(465 平方米)的建筑
would be 20,000 square feet (1860 square meters), and an 面积。
FAR of 0.5 would be 5,000 square feet (465 square meters).

the water discharged from a subsurface drainage system. If a


building foundation is below the water table, a sump pump 从地下排水系统排出的水。 如果建筑地基低于地下水
foundation drain 基础排水 位,则可能需要使用集水坑泵。 从水坑排出的水可以储
may be required. Discharge from the sump may be stored and 存起来并用于灌溉。
used for irrigation.

a cluster of freight-related businesses that include intermodal


transfer operations. Freight villages may offer logistics
services, integrated distribution, warehousing capabilities, 一群包括联运转移业务的货运相关企业。物流园可提供
showrooms, and support services. Such support services may 物流服务、集成配送、仓储能力、展示厅和支持服务。
freight village 物流园 这些支持服务可包括安保、维护、邮递、银行、海关和
include security, maintenance, mail, banking, customs and 进口管理协助、食堂、餐厅、办公场所、会议室、酒店
import management assistance, cafeterias, restaurants, office 、公共或活动中心运输。
space, conference rooms, hotels, and public or activity center
transportation.

a building opening designed to be used by pedestrians and


open during regular business hours. It does not include any 设计由行人使用且在正常营业时间开放的建筑开口。
functional entry 功能入口 不包括任何专门设计作为紧急出口的门,或者并没有被
door exclusively designated as an emergency exit, or a garage 设计为行人入口的车库门。
door not designed as a pedestrian entrance.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

the stand-alone furniture items purchased for the project,


including individual and group seating; open-plan and
private-office workstations; desks and tables; storage units, 为项目购买的独立家具,包括独立和多人座椅;开放式
credenzas, bookshelves, filing cabinets, and other case goods; 和私人办公室工位;书桌和桌子;存储装置、餐具橱、
wall-mounted visual-display products (e.g., marker boards 书架、档案柜和其他箱柜;壁装式视觉显示产品(如,
and tack boards, excluding electronic displays); and 标志板和布告板,不包括电子显示器);以及其他陈设
furniture and furnishings 家具和陈设
miscellaneous items, such as easels, mobile carts, ,如画架、手推车、独立展架、安装的织物和灵活隔断
freestanding screens, installed fabrics, and movable 。 根据项目需要,还可包括酒店家具。 不包括办公
partitions. Hospitality furniture is included as applicable to 配件,如桌面吸墨纸、托盘、磁带分配器、废物篮和所
the project. Office accessories, such as desktop blotters, trays, 有电器产品,例如照明设备和小器具。
tape dispensers, waste baskets, and all electrical items, such
as lighting and small appliances, are excluded.

metric used to communicate how many grams of emissions


grams per brake 用于描述具有特定马力的引擎在一小时内排放的排放物
(e.g., nitrogen oxide or particulate matter) are emitted by an 每制动马力小时克数
horsepower hour (如,氮氧化物或颗粒物质)克数指标
engine of a specific horsepower rating over a one-hour period

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“untreated household waste water which has not come into


contact with toilet waste. Graywater includes used water
from bathtubs, showers, bathroom wash basins, and water
from clothes-washers and laundry tubs. It must not include “尚未接触厕卫垃圾的未经处理的生活废水。 灰水包
waste water from kitchen sinks or dishwashers” (Uniform 括浴缸、淋浴间与浴室面盆洗涤用水以及洗衣机与洗衣
Plumbing Code, Appendix G, Gray Water Systems for 池用水, 但不包括厨房水槽或洗碗机废水。”(统一给
Single-Family Dwellings); “waste water discharged from 排水规范附录 G,独户住宅灰水系统);“卫生间、浴
graywater lavatories, bathtubs, showers, clothes washers and laundry 灰水 缸、淋浴间、洗衣机和洗衣水槽排放的废水”(国际给
sinks” (International Plumbing Code, Appendix C, Gray 排水规范附录 C,灰水回收系统)。 某些州和地方当局
Water Recycling Systems). Some states and local authorities 还将厨房水槽废水纳入灰水范畴。 州与地方法规中可能
allow kitchen sink wastewater to be included in graywater. 存在其它差异。 项目团队应遵循项目所在地区的管辖当
Other differences can likely be found in state and local codes. 局确定的灰水定义。
Project teams should comply with the graywater definition
established by the authority having jurisdiction in the project
area.

a soil- and vegetation-based approach to wet weather


management that is cost-effective, sustainable, and
environmentally friendly. Green infrastructure management 一种基于土壤和植被的潮湿天气管理方法,具有成本效
green infrastructure approaches and technologies infiltrate, evapotranspire, 绿色基础设施 益、可持续性和环保性。 绿色基础设施管理方法和技术
包括渗透、蒸腾、收集和重复利用雨水,以保持或恢复
capture and reuse stormwater to maintain or restore natural 自然水文状况。 (引自美国环保局 (EPA))
hydrologies. (Adapted from U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency)

a subset of renewable energy composed of grid-based 一部分由可再生能量资源产生的电网电力组成的可再生


green power 绿色电力
electricity produced from renewable energy sources 能源

vehicles achieving a minimum green score of 45 on the


American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy 在美国节能经济委员会 (ACEEE) 的年度车辆等级指南
green vehicles 绿色汽车 (对于美国以外的项目,可以是当地的同等标准)中至
(ACEEE) annual vehicle rating guide (or a local equivalent 少能得到 45 分绿色分数的车辆。
for projects outside the U.S.).

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area that is not previously developed, graded or disturbed, 之前未开发、分级或受到干扰,并且可作空地、栖息地


greenfield 未开发荒地
and could support open space, habitat, or natural hydrology 或自然水文用途的区域

the inanimate elements of the building landscaping. It


includes pavement, roadways, stonewalls, wood and 建筑景观中无生命的元素。 包括铺过的路面、道路、
hardscape 硬景观 石墙、木材和合成地板、混凝土路径和人行道、混凝土
synthetic decking, concrete paths and sidewalks, and 、砖,以及瓷砖铺砌的庭院。
concrete, brick, and tile patios.

any item or agent (biological, chemical, physical) that has


the potential to cause harm to humans, animals, or the 自身或通过与其他因素相互作用有可能对人类、动物或
hazardous material 有害物质
environment, either by itself or through interaction with other 环境有害的任何物品或媒介(生物、化学、物理)
factors

the thermal absorption by hardscape, such as dark,


nonreflective pavement and buildings, and its subsequent 硬景观(如黑色非反射路面与建筑)对热量的吸收及其
radiation to surrounding areas. Other contributing factors 对周边地区的辐射。 其他促成因素还可能包括汽车尾气
heat island effect 热岛效应
may include vehicle exhaust, air-conditioners, and street 、空调和街道设备。 高层建筑与狭窄街道减少了气流并
equipment. Tall buildings and narrow streets reduce airflow 加剧了这一效应。
and exacerbate the effect.

a transportation thoroughfare intended for motor vehicles


with limited access points, prohibitions on human-powered 用于汽车的运输专用通道,只有有限的出入口,禁止人
highway 高速公路 力车,比地方道路速度更快。 高速公路一般连接城市与
vehicles, and higher speeds than local roads. A highway 城镇。
generally connects cities and towns.

a building or structure with historic, architectural,


engineering, archeological, or cultural significance that is
listed or determined to be eligible as a historic structure or 具有历史、建筑、工程、考古或文化意义的建筑或结构
building, or as a contributing building or structure in a ,列为或被认为有资格作为历史结构或建筑,或者在指
designated historic district. The historic designation must be 定的历史街区中作为有影响的建筑或结构。 “历史”称
historic building 历史建筑 谓必须由当地历史保护审查委员会或类似机构给出,结
made by a local historic preservation review board or similar 构必须列在州史迹名录、国家史迹名录(在美国以外符
body, and the structure must be listed in a state register of 合当地同等标准),或者被认为有资格列在上述名录中
historic places, be listed in the National Register of Historic 。
Places (or a local equivalent outside the U.S.), or have been
determined eligible for listing.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition


a group of buildings, structures, objects, and sites that have
been designated or determined to be eligible as historically 被认为或者确定有资格具有历史和建筑重要意义的一组
historic district and architecturally significant, and categorized as either 历史街区 建筑、结构、物体和场址,无论对该地区的历史本质是
contributing or noncontributing to the historic nature of the 否有影响
district

an item that consists of only one material throughout or a


homogeneous material combination of multiple materials that cannot be 只包括一种材料或者包括无法以机械方式分离的多种材
同质材料 料组合的物品,表面涂层除外
mechanically disjointed, excluding surface coatings

hydrozone a group of plantings with similar water needs 水电区 具有类似水需求的一组植物

the incident luminous flux density on a differential element


of surface located at a point and oriented in a particular
direction, expressed in lumens per unit area. Since the area 位于某点且朝向特定方向的表面差异元素上的入射光通
involved is differential, it is customary to refer to this as 量密度,以每单位面积的流明来表示。 由于涉及区域有
illuminance at a point. The unit name depends on the unit of 差异,习惯性地将其称为某点的照度。 单位名称取决于
illuminance measurement for area: footcandles if square feet are used for 照度 区域测量单位: 如果使用平方英尺作为面积单位,则为
尺烛光;如果使用平方米,则为勒克斯。 (引自 IES)
area, and lux if square meters are used. (Adapted from IES) 在专业术语中,照度是对投射到表面的光量的测量。 其
In lay terms, illuminance is a measurement of light striking a 在美国表示为尺烛光(基于平方英尺),在大多数其他
surface. It is expressed in footcandles in the U.S. (based on 国家表示为勒克斯(基于平方米)。
square feet) and in lux in most other countries (based on
square meters).

an area of ground that development and building have


modified in such a way that precipitation cannot infiltrate 经开发和建筑改造过的一块区域,致使降水无法通过土
impervious surface downward through the soil. Examples of impervious surfaces 非渗透表面 壤向下渗透。 非渗透表面的例子包括屋面、铺设的道路
和停车场、人行道以及因设计或使用而变得坚实的土壤
include roofs, paved roads and parking areas, sidewalks, and 。
soils that have been compacted either by design or by use.

an area where an occupant performs distinct tasks. Individual


individual occupant space occupant spaces may be within multioccupant spaces and 住户执行各自不同任务的区域。 个人使用空间可能位
个人使用空间 于多住户空间中,应尽可能区别对待。
should be treated separately where possible.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

any water discharged from a factory setting. Before this


water can be used for irrigation, its quality needs to be 从工厂排出的任何水。 在这种水可用于灌溉之前,需
industrial process water 工业工艺用水
checked. Saline or corrosive water should not be used for 要检查其质量。 盐水或腐蚀性的水不得用于灌溉。
irrigation.

a site where at least 75% of the land area, exclusive of


rights-of-way, within ½ mile (800 meters) of the project 项目边界 1/2 英里(800 米)之内至少 75% 的土地面
boundary is previously developed. A street or other right-of- 积(不包括道路用地)是之前已被开发过的场址。 街道
infill site 嵌入式场地
way does not constitute previously developed land; it is the 或其他道路用地不构成之前已开发的土地;重要的是道
status of property on the other side of right-of-way or the 路用地或街道另一侧物业的状态。
street that matters.

(HVAC) uncontrolled inward air leakage to conditioned


spaces through unintentional openings in ceilings, floors, and (HVAC) 空气从无空调的空间或室外因压力差(此压力
infiltration walls from unconditioned spaces or the outdoors caused by 渗入 差同样会导致渗出)而不受控制地通过天花板、地板和
墙壁上的非人为开口向内泄漏到有空调的空间。
the same pressure differences that induce exfiltration. (ASHRAE 62.1-2010)
(ASHRAE 62.1–2010)

a value between 0 and 1 (or 0% and 100%) that indicates the


ability of a material to shed infrared radiation (heat). A cool 介于 0 和 1(或 0% 和 100%)之间的一个值,表示
roof should have a high thermal emittance. The wavelength 一种材料散发红外线辐射(热量)的能力。 凉爽的屋面
range for radiant energy is roughly 5 to 40 micrometers. Most 应该具有较高的热发射度。 辐射能量的波长范围大体上
building materials (including glass) are opaque in this part of 是 5 至 40 微米。 大多数建筑材料(包括玻璃)在这
infrared (thermal)
the spectrum and have an emittance of roughly 0.9, or 90%. 红外线(或热)发射度 个光谱区段内是不透明的,发射度大约为 0.9,或
emittance  90%。 干净的裸金属,如未失去光泽的镀锌钢,发射度
Clean, bare metals, such as untarnished galvanized steel,
have a low emittance and are the most important exceptions 较低,是发射度不为 0.9 的最主要情况。 相比之下,
to the 0.9 rule. In contrast, aluminum roof coatings have 铝屋面涂层具有中等发射度。 (引自 Lawrence
intermediate emittance levels. (Adapted from Lawrence Berkeley 国家试验室)
Berkeley National Laboratory)

an individual admitted to a medical, surgical, maternity,


inpatient specialty, or intensive-care unit for a length of stay exceeding 住院病人 住到医疗、外科、产科、专业或重症监护病房并停留超
过 23 小时的人
23 hours

any medical, surgical, maternity, specialty, or intensive-care 任何让患者接受护理超过 23 小时的医疗、外科、产科


inpatient unit 住院病房
unit where an individual receives care for more than 23 hours 、专业或重症监护病房

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

an information conveyance system that cannot be easily


removed. For furniture, such labeling may include radio 无法轻易删除的信息传达系统。 对于家具来说,这种
integral labeling frequency identification, engraving, embossing, or other 内置标签 标签可包括有关材料产地、属性和生产日期的射频识别
permanent marking containing information on material 、雕刻、压花,或其他包含信息的永久性标记。
origin, properties, and date of manufacture.

a method of pest management that protects human health and


integrated pest 一种虫害治理方法,可保护人类健康和周围环境,并通
the surrounding environment, and improves economic returns 综合害虫管理
management 过最有效、风险最低的方案提高经济效益
through the most effective, least-risk option

an approach that involves people, systems, and business


structures (contractual and legal agreements) and practices. 一种涉及人、系统和业务结构(合同与法律协议)与实
The process harnesses the talents and insights of all 践的方法。 该过程利用所有参与者的才能和见解,在设
integrated project
participants to improve results, increase value to the owner, 整合式工程交付 计、制造和建造的所有阶段改善结果、为业主增加价值
delivery 、减少浪费并最大程度提高效率。 (引自美国建筑研究
reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phases of
design, fabrication, and construction. (Adapted from 院)
American Institute of Architects)

a roof that, compared with an extensive vegetated roof, has


greater soil volume, supports a wider variety of plants 这种屋面相比粗放型种植屋面,有更多的土壤量,可种
(including shrubs and trees), and allows a wider variety of 植更多种类的植物(包括灌木和树),并实现更多的用
uses (including human access). The depth of the growing 途(包括人类使用)。 生长介质的厚度是决定栖息地价
intensive vegetated roof 密集种植屋面
medium is an important factor in determining habitat value. 值的一个重要因素。 为屋面选择的本地或可适应性植物
The native or adapted plants selected for the roof should 应能满足场址特有野生动物种群的需求。 (引自 Green
support the site’s endemic wildlife populations. (Adapted Roofs for Healthy Cities)
from Green Roofs for Healthy Cities)

all the layers applied over a finished subfloor or stairs,


including stair treads and risers, ramps, and other walking 完工的底层地板或楼梯(包括楼梯踏板和竖板、斜坡和
surfaces. Interior finish excludes building structural 其他行走表面)上使用的所有面层。 室内面层不包括建
interior floor finish 室内楼地板面层
members, such as beams, trusses, studs, or subfloors, or 筑结构构件,如梁、桁架、螺柱或底层地板或类似物品
similar items. Interior finish also excludes nonfull spread wet , 也不包括不完全扩散的湿涂料或粘合剂。
coatings or adhesives.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

all the layers comprising the exposed interior surfaces of


buildings, including fixed walls, fixed partitions, columns, 构成建筑裸露室内表面的所有面层,包括固定墙壁、固
interior wall and ceiling exposed ceilings, and interior wainscoting, paneling, interior 定隔断、柱子、裸露的吊顶和室内护墙板、镶板、内饰
内墙和吊顶面层
finish trim or other finish applied mechanically or for decoration, 或者通过机械方式安装或用于装饰、声学校正、表面耐
acoustical correction, surface fire resistance, or similar 火或类似目的的其他饰面
purposes

a venue for the movement of goods in a single loading unit


or road vehicle that uses successively two or more modes of 先后使用两种或更多运输模式来移动单个装载装置或道
intermodal facility 联合运输设施
transportation without the need to handle the goods 路车辆中的货物,而无需处理货物自身的设施
themselves

nonnative vegetation that has been introduced to an area and


that aggressively adapts and reproduces. The plant’s vigor 被引进到某地区且有侵略性地适应和繁殖的非本地植物
invasive plant combined with a lack of natural enemies often leads to 入侵植物 。 植物的活力加上缺少天敌往往会导致数量激增。 (
outbreak populations. (Adapted from U.S. Department of 引自美国农业部)
Agriculture)

electricity consumption by information technology and


IT annual energy telecom equipment which includes servers, networking, and IT 年能耗 信息技术和电信设备(包括服务器、网络和存储设备)
的年耗电量
storage equipment over the course of a year

a device emitting light in a fixture, excluding lamp housing


lamp and ballasts. Light-emitting diodes packaged as traditional 在灯具中发光的设备,不包括灯罩和镇流器。 以发光
灯 二极管作为光源的传统灯也符合此定义。
lamps also meet this definition.

the useful span of operation of a source of artificial light,


such as bulbs. Lamp life for fluorescent lights is determined 人造光光源(如灯泡)的有效工作寿命。 荧光灯使用
by testing three hours on for every 20 minutes off. For high- 寿命的确定方法是:每关闭 20 分钟后打开三小时。 对
density discharge lamps, the test is based on 11 hours on for 于高密度放电灯,测试方法为每关闭 20 分钟后打开 11
lamp life 灯寿命
every 20 minutes off. Lamp life depends on whether the start 小时。 灯寿命取决于启动镇流器是程序式的还是瞬时的
ballast is program or instant. This information is published in 。 这些信息公布在制造商信息中。 也被称为额定平均
manufacturers’ information. Also known as rated average 寿命。
life.

U.S. Green Building Council 111 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a private, nonprofit organization that, as all or part of its


mission, actively works to conserve land by undertaking or 一种私有的非营利组织,其全部或部分使命是,通过从
land trust assisting in conservation easement or land acquisition, or by 土地信托 事或帮助保护地役权或土地收购,或者管理这些土地或
its stewardship of such land or easements (Adapted from 地役权,积极致力于节约土地(引自土地信托联盟)
Land Trust Alliance)

materials that are natural (e.g., rock, soil, stone, vegetation). 天然材料(如,岩石、土壤、石头、植被)。 即使在
land-clearing debris and
Materials that are man-made (e.g., concrete, brick, cement) 土地清理碎片和土壤 场址中,人造材料(如,混凝土、砖块、水泥)也会被
soil 认为是营建废弃物。
are considered construction waste even if they were on site.

landscape water the amount of water that the site landscape area(s) requires
景观用水要求 (LWR) 场址景观区域在场址峰值用水月份所需的用水量
requirement (LWR) for the site’s peak watering month

a label, defined by U.S. EPA regulations under the Safe 由美国环保局 (EPA) 在《安全饮用水法》( Safe
lead-free Drinking Water Act, that allows small amounts of lead in 无铅 Drinking Water Act) 中规定的标签,允许在焊料、焊
solders, flux, pipes, pipe fittings, and well pumps 剂、管道、管件和井泵中出现少量铅

a registered pesticide in the Tier III (lowest toxicity) 一种使用旧金山危险等级制度 (San Francisco Hazard
category, using the San Francisco Hazard Ranking system, or Ranking System) 登记过的三级(最低毒性)杀虫剂,
a pesticide that meets the requirements in the San Francisco 或者符合“旧金山杀虫剂危险筛查协议” (San
least-risk pesticide Pesticide Hazard Screening Protocol and is sold as a self- 最低危害杀虫剂 Francisco Pesticide Hazard Screening Protocol) 的
contained bait or as a crack-and-crevice treatment used in 要求,且作为在建筑住户无法接近的区域中使用的独立
areas inaccessible to building occupants. Rodenticides are 诱饵或者裂缝和裂隙处理剂出售的杀虫剂。 灭鼠药从未
never considered least-risk pesticides. 被视为最低风险杀虫剂。

the amount of time a person remains in a health care facility


length of stay 住院时长 个人作为住院患者在卫生保健设施中逗留的时间
as an admitted patient

an evaluation of the environmental effects of a product from


life-cycle assessment cradle to grave, as defined by ISO 14040–2006 and ISO 生命周期评估 对产品整个生命周期中环境影响的评估,符合 ISO
14040–2006 和 ISO 14044–2006 的定义
14044–2006

U.S. Green Building Council 112 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a database that defines the environmental effects (inputs and


outputs) for each step in a material’s or assembly’s life cycle. 一个定义材料或构件生命周期中每个步骤环境影响(输
life-cycle inventory 生命周期清单 入和输出)的数据库。 该数据库视具体国家和地区而异
The database is specific to countries and regions within 。
countries.

waste light from building sites that produces glare, is


directed upward to the sky, or is directed off the site. Waste 是指来自建筑场址、照向天空或投射到场址外的会产生
light pollution 光污染 眩光的废光。 废光并不会增加夜间安全性或利于保安工
light does not increase nighttime safety, utility, or security 作,不具有实用性,并且还会不必要地消耗能源。
and needlessly consumes energy.

transit service using two- or three-car trains in a right-of-way


that is often separated from other traffic modes. Spacing 使用 2 节或 3 节车厢的列车在道路用地中提供的公共
between stations tends to be ½ mileor more, and maximum 交通服务,通常与其他交通模式分隔开。 站间距离倾向
light rail 轻轨 于 1/2 英里或更远,最大行驶速度一般为 40–55 英里
operating speeds are typically 40–55 mph (65–90 kmh). /小时(65–90 公里/小时)。 轻轨线路一般为 10 英
Light-rail corridors typically extend 10 or more miles (16 里(16 公里)或更长。
kilometers).

obtrusive illumination that is unwanted because of


quantitative, directional, or spectral attributes. Light trespass 因为数量、方向或光谱属性而显得刺眼且不必要的照明
light trespass 光侵扰 。 光侵扰可造成烦扰、不适、注意力分散,或使视力受
can cause annoyance, discomfort, distraction, or loss of 损。
visibility.

an intentional action by a utility to reduce the load on the


system. Load shedding is usually conducted during 公用事业公司为降低系统负载的特意执行措施。 切负
load shedding 切负荷 荷通常在紧急时期进行,如在容量不足、系统不稳定或
emergency periods, such as capacity shortages, system 电压控制时。
instability, or voltage control.

bicycle parking that is easily accessible to residents and


long-term bicycle storage employees and covered to protect bicycles from rain and 长效自行车存放 便于居民和员工使用的自行车停放处,有顶篷以防止自
行车受到雨雪影响
snow

an operational improvement, such as a repair, upgrade, or


staff training or retraining. In LEED, the project team 一种运营改进,如维修、升级、员工培训或挽留。 在
low-cost improvement determines the reasonable upper limit for low-cost 低成本改进 LEED 中,项目团队根据设施资源和运营预算来确定低成
improvements based on facility resources and operating 本改进的合理上限。
budgets.

U.S. Green Building Council 113 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

an approach to managing rainwater runoff that emphasizes


on-site natural features to protect water quality, by replicating
the natural land cover hydrologic regime of watersheds, and 一种管理雨水径流的方法,强调场址内自然特点,以通
addressing runoff close to its source. Examples include better 过恢复流域内的自然土地植被水情和处理靠近源头的径
low-impact development site design principles (e.g., minimizing land disturbance, 流来保护水质。 示例包括更好的场址设计原则(如尽量
低冲击开发 (LID) 减少土地破坏、保留植被、尽量减少非渗透表面),以
(LID) preserving vegetation, minimizing impervious cover), and 及设计实践(雨水花园、植被洼地和缓冲区、透水路面
design practices (e.g., rain gardens, vegetated swales and 、雨水收集和土壤改良)。 这些都是工程实践,可能需
buffers, permeable pavement, rainwater harvesting, soil 要专业设计辅助。
amendments). These are engineered practices that may
require specialized design assistance.

water that is fed into a cooling tower system or evaporative


makeup water condenser to replace water lost through evaporation, drift, 送入冷却塔系统或蒸发式冷凝器的水,用于替换通过蒸
补充水
发、漂流、溢流或其他原因流失的水
bleed-off, or other causes

to capture and retain a specified volume of rainfall to mimic


manage (rainwater) on natural hydrologic function. Examples of rainwater 收集和保留指定量的雨水,以模拟自然水文功能。 雨
场址内雨水管理 水管理的范例包括涉及蒸散、渗透、捕获和再利用的策
site management include strategies that involve 略。
evapotranspiration, infiltration, and capture and reuse.

the limits of a site master plan. The master plan boundary


includes the project area and may include all associated 场址总平面图的界限。 总平面图边界包括项目区域,
master plan boundary buildings and sites outside of the LEED project boundary. 还可包括 LEED 项目边界以外的所有相关建筑和场址。
总平面图边界 总平面图边界考虑了未来场址的可持续使用、扩张和收
The master plan boundary considers future sustainable use, 缩。
expansion, and contraction.

of a source’s emitted light derived from industry standards, 源自行业标准的一种对光源发出的光进行测量的指标,


mean lumen output a taken with an instant-start ballast that has a ballast factor of 与镇流器因数为 1.0 的瞬时启动镇流器一起在 40% 的
平均流明输出
measurement 1.0 as measured at 40% of lamp life (except for T-5 lamps, 灯具使用寿命下测得(T-5 灯除外,它使用程序启动镇
which use a program-start ballast) 流器)。

U.S. Green Building Council 114 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

an item of furniture designed for use in health care.


Examples include surgical tables; procedure, supply, and 设计用于医疗保健的家具。 其中包括手术台;手术推
medical furnishing 医疗陈设 车、耗材推车和移动设备推车;升降和转移辅助装置;
mobile technology carts; lifting and transfer aids; supply 耗材柜推车和架子,以及跨床桌。
closet carts and shelving; and overbed tables.

a regulator that limits the flow time of water, generally a


metering control manual-on and automatic-off device, most commonly 定量调节器 限制水流时间的调节器,一般是一种手动打开和自动关
闭的设备,最常安装在卫生间的水龙头和淋浴器上
installed on lavatory faucets and showers

white and colored paper, envelopes, forms, file folders,


mixed paper tablets, flyers, cereal boxes, wrapping paper, catalogs, 白纸和彩色纸、信封、表格、文件夹、写字板、传单、
混合纸
麦片盒子、包装纸、目录、杂志、电话簿和照片
magazines, phone books, and photos

shelving and cabinetry designed to be easily installed,


moved, or reconfigured. In a retail setting, items that are 被设计为可以轻松安装、移动和重新配置的货架和橱柜
modular and movable movable but semipermanently attached using mechanical 。 在零售环境中,可以移动但使用机械紧固系统半永久
模块化(可移动)台柜 性固定以便于日常经营的家具被视为家具,不是基本建
casework fastening systems for operational use are considered furniture 筑元素(如,通过螺栓固定到地板上的桌子和展架,或
and not base building elements (e.g., a table or display bolted 者固定到墙壁的货架)。
to the floor, or shelving attached to a wall).

the distance between ground level (or the workplane) and the
mounting height bottom of the luminaire (light fixture); the height at which a 安装高度 地平面(或工作面)与光源(灯具)底部之间的距离;
光源安装的高度。 (引自 Light a Home)
luminaire is installed. (Adapted from Light a Home)

items that can be moved by the users without the need of


movable furniture and 用户无需工具或特殊行业和设施管理人员的协助即可移
tools or assistance from special trades and facilities 可移动家具和隔断
partitions 动的家具
management

a site that was master-planned for the development of stores,


multitenant complex restaurants and other businesses. Retailers may share some 多租户综合体 为开发商店、餐馆和其他业务而总体规划的场址。 零
售商可以共享某些服务和公共区域。
services and common areas.

a unique five- or six-digit number used to identify specific 一个唯一的 5 位或 6 位数,用于确定具体的灯具,由


NAED code lamps, used by the National Association of Electrical NAED 代码 全国电气分销商协会 (National Association of
Distributors Electrical Distributors) 使用

U.S. Green Building Council 115 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

an indigenous species that occurs in a particular region,


ecosystem, and habitat without direct or indirect human
actions. Native species have evolved to the geography, 没有人类直接或间接活动的特定区域、生态系统和栖息
hydrology, and climate of that region. They also occur in 地中出现的本地物种。 本地物种随着该地区的地理、水
communities; that is, they have evolved together with other 文和气候而进化。 它们还会出现在社区中;即,他们与
native vegetation 本地植物
species. As a result, these communities provide habitat for a 其他物种一同进化。 因此,这些社区可为多种其他本地
variety of other native wildlife species. Species native to 野生动物提供栖息地。 北美本地的物种一般被认为是早
North America are generally recognized as those occurring 于欧洲移民出现在北美大陆上。 也被称为本地植栽。
on the continent prior to European settlement. Also known as
native plants.

a compound that is not manmade and is used for cooling.


Such substances generally have much lower potential for 一种非人造的制冷化合物。 相比人造化学制冷剂,这
natural refrigerant atmospheric damage than manufactured chemical 天然制冷剂 种物质不大可能对大气造成破坏。 包括水、二氧化碳和
refrigerants. Examples include water, carbon dioxide, and 氨。
ammonia.

Natural Resources
a U.S.-based soil survey that shows the boundaries of 自然资源保护局 (NRCS) 一项基于美国的土壤调查,显示场址内不同土壤类型的
Conservation Service
different soil types and special soil features on the site 土壤描绘 边界和特殊土壤特性
(NRCS) soils delineation

the natural land cover function of water occurrence,


natural site hydrology 自然场址水文 水的出现、分布、移动和平衡的自然土地覆被作用
distribution, movement, and balance

the sum of all interior areas in the project available to house


net usable program area the project’s program. It does not include areas for building 净可用计划区域 项目中可用于容纳项目计划的所有内部区域之和。 不
包括用于建筑设备、垂直循环或结构组件的区域。
equipment, vertical circulation, or structural components.

a public space, diagnostic or treatment area, ambulatory unit,


non-inpatient area or any other space in a health care facility that is not for 公共空间、诊断或治疗区域、门诊部,或卫生保健设施
非住院病人区域 中不用于已接受住院护理的个人的其他任何空间
individuals who have been admitted for care

nonpotable water water that does not meet drinking water standards 非饮用水 不符合饮用水标准的水

U.S. Green Building Council 116 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

an area that people pass through or an area used for focused


activities an average of less than one hour per person per day. 人们经过或用于重点活动的区域,持续时间平均每人每
The one-hour timeframe is continuous and should be based 天不到一小时。 一小时的时间范围是连续的,且应基于
non-regularly occupied
on the time a typical occupant uses the space. For spaces that 非常规使用空间 典型住户使用该空间的时间。 对于不是每天使用的空间
space ,这一小时的时间范围应基于典型住户在该空间开放使
are not used daily, the one-hour timeframe should be based
on the time a typical occupant spends in the space when it is 用时在其内消耗的时间。
in use. 

dry plumbing fixtures and fittings that contain and treat 容纳人类排泄物并通过微生物方式进行处理的干燥卫生
nonwater toilet systems 无水马桶系统
human waste via microbiological processes 器具和装置

a plumbing fixture having a water flush with a trap that


nonwater urinal contains a layer of buoyant liquid that floats above the urine, 无水小便器 不用水冲洗的卫生器具,防臭瓣中有一层浮液浮在尿液
上面,阻隔下水道气体和异味
blocking sewer gas and odors

a system or switch that a person in the space can directly


access and use. Examples include a task light, an open 空间中的人可以直接接触和使用的系统或开关。 包括
occupant control 住户控制装置 工作照明、开启式开关和百叶窗。 温度传感器、光电传
switch, and blinds. A temperature sensor, photo sensor, or 感器或中央控制系统无法被住户控制。
centrally controlled system is not occupant controlled.

an enclosed space intended for human activities, excluding


those spaces that are intended primarily for other purposes, 用于人类活动的封闭空间,不包括主要用于其他用途的
occupiable space such as storage rooms and equipment rooms, and that are 可使用空间 空间,如储藏室和设备间,以及仅偶尔占用或短期占用
occupied only occasionally and for short periods of time 的空间 (ASHRAE 62.1–2010)
(ASHRAE 62.1–2010)

U.S. Green Building Council 117 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

enclosed space intended for human activities, excluding


those spaces that are intended primarily for other purposes,
such as storage rooms and equipment rooms, and that are 用于人类活动的封闭空间,不包括主要用于其他用途的
only occupied occasionally and for short periods of time. 空间,如储藏室和设备间,以及仅偶尔占用或短期占用
occupied space Occupied spaces are further classified as regularly occupied 使用空间 的空间。 使用空间根据使用时间可进一步划分为经常使
用或不经常使用的空间,根据住户数量可分为单人空间
or nonregularly occupied spaces based on the duration of the 和多住户空间,根据空间中的住户密度分为密集使用和
occupancy, individual or multioccupant based on the quantity 非密集使用空间。
of occupants, and densely or nondensely occupied spaces
based on the concentration of occupants in the space.

a product that has a low cost per unit and is regularly used
and replaced in the course of business. Examples include 单位成本较低且在业务经营期间定期使用和补充的产
ongoing consumable 持续消耗品 品。 包括纸张、碳粉、粘合剂、电池和办公用品。 也
paper, toner cartridges, binders, batteries, and desk 被称为持续采购品。
accessories. Also known as ongoing purchases.

on-site wastewater the transport, storage, treatment, and disposal of wastewater


场址内污水处理 运输、存放、处理和处置项目场址产生的废水
treatment generated on the project site

pavements that consist of loose substrates supported by a


grid of a more structurally sound grid or webbing. Pervious 松散材料组成的路面,由结构更加结实的网格或网带提
open-grid pavement concrete and porous asphalt are not considered open grid as 供支撑。 透水混凝土和多孔沥青不被认为是开放式网格
开放链式铺装系统
system they are considered bounded materials. Unbounded, loose ,而是有边界材料。 无边界的松散材料不像有边界的紧
substrates do not transfer and store heat like bound and 实材料那样传递和储存热量。
compacted materials do.

a plan that specifies major system operating parameters and


limits, maintenance procedures and schedules, and 指定主要系统运营参数和限制、维护程序和安排,以及
operations and
documentation methods necessary to demonstrate proper 运营和维护计划 为说明正确操作和维护所获准的排放控制设备或系统所
maintenance (O&M) plan 需的记录方法的计划
operation and maintenance of an approved emissions control
device or system

a luminaire intended for illuminating portions of the


circulation network that also serves an ornamental function, 用于循环网络照明部分的光源,除了提供有效的街道照
ornamental luminaire 景观照明
in addition to providing optics that effectively deliver street 明,也兼具观赏功能,并且具有装饰性或古典外观
lighting, and has a decorative or historical period appearance

U.S. Green Building Council 118 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a patient who is not hospitalized for 24 hours or more but


outpatient who visits a hospital, clinic, or associated healthcare facility 门诊病人 在 24 小时或更长时间内没有住院,但是期间去过医院
、诊所或相关医疗机构进行诊断或治疗的患者
for diagnosis or treatment

a written document that details the ideas, concepts, and


owner’s project 由业主确定的,详述了对项目成功十分重要的想法、理
criteria determined by the owner to be important to the 业主项目要求 (OPR)
requirements (OPR) 念和条件的书面文件
success of the project

a patient bed, infusion chair, recovery room bay, or other 病床、输液椅、康复室开间,或病人接受临床护理的其


patient position 病人位置
location where a patient receives clinical care 他位置

the maximum electricity load at a specific point in time or


peak demand 峰值需求 特定时间点或某个时期的最大电力负荷
over a period of time

the month with the greatest deficit between


evapotranspiration and rainfall. This is the month when the 蒸散和降雨量之间出现最大亏缺的月份。 场址区域内
peak watering month plants in the site’s region potentially require the most 峰值用水月份 的植物最需要补充水分的月份,一般是盛夏中的月份。
supplemental water typically a mid-summer month. (可持续场址措施)
(Sustainable Sites Initiative)

a structure that cannot be moved by the user without tools or


assistance from special trades and facilities management. 在没有工具或特殊行业和设施管理人员的帮助下,用户
permanent interior
Examples include lab hoods, fixed partitions, demountable 永久室内阻碍 无法移动的结构。 包括实验室罩、固定隔断、可拆卸的
obstruction 不透明全高或半高隔断、一些展架和设备。
opaque full- or partial-height partitions, some displays, and
equipment.

the transfer of energy consumption to off-peak hours, when


permanent peak load 将能耗转移到能源需求较低且因此能源费用较便宜的非
demand for power is lower and energy is therefore less 永久性峰值负载转移
shifting 高峰期
expensive

a paved surface that allows water runoff to infiltrate into the


permeable pavement 可渗透铺装 可以让雨水径流渗入地下的铺设表面
ground

U.S. Green Building Council 119 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a substance that poses a long-term risk to both humans and


the environment because it remains in the environment for 对人类和环境带来长期风险的物质,因为会长期存留在
long periods, increases in concentration as it moves up the 环境中,并且浓度会随着食物链层级的增加而增加,可
persistent
food chain, and can travel far from the source of 永久性生物累积毒素 以转移到距离污染源很远的地区。 往往存在时间越长,
bioaccumulative toxic
contamination. Often these substances can become more (PBT) 这些物质的浓度就越高,对生态系统的破坏也越大。 有
chemical 关永久性生物累积毒素的信息,请参见美国环保局
potent and harmful to ecosystems the longer they persist. See
U.S. EPA’s website on persistent bioaccumulative toxic (EPA) 网站 www.epa.gov/pbt/。
chemicals, www.epa.gov/pbt/.

an area that connects healthcare patients, visitors, and staff to


health benefits of the natural environment. (Adapted from 可以使医疗保健病人、访客和员工受到自然环境健康益
place of respite 疗养区 处的区域。 (引自 Green Guide for Health Care
Green Guide for Health Care Places of Respite Technical Places of Respite Technical Brief)
Brief)

plug load or receptacle the electrical current drawn by all equipment that is
插座负荷 所有通过墙壁插座连接到电气系统的设备消耗的电流。
load connected to the electrical system via a wall outlet.

waste generated by households or commercial, industrial and


postconsumer recycled 家庭或商业、工业和机构设施作为产品最终用户产生的
institutional facilities in their role as end users of a product 消费后回收物质含量
content ,不可再用于其原有用途的废弃物
that can no longer be used for its intended purpose

water that meets or exceeds U.S. Environmental Protection


Agency drinking water quality standards (or a local
equivalent outside the U.S.) and is approved for human 符合或超出美国环保局饮用水水质标准(美国以外为当
potable water 饮用水 地同等标准),且经州或地方管辖当局批准用于人类消
consumption by the state or local authorities having 费的水;可通过水井或市政供水系统供给
jurisdiction; it may be supplied from wells or municipal
water systems

U.S. Green Building Council 120 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

the electrical power from a device that allocates power to


and serves information technology (IT) equipment. Power
distribution unit (PDU) output does not include efficiency 来自为信息技术 (IT) 设备分配电能以及为其服务的设
losses of any transformation that occurs within the PDU, but 备的电能。 配电装置 (PDU) 输出不包括 PDU 中任何转
it can include downstream non-IT ancillary devices installed 换的效率损失,但可以包括安装在 IT 机架中的下游非
in IT racks, such as fans. If the PDU system supports non-IT IT 辅助设备,如风扇。 如果 PDU 系统支持非 IT 设备
power distribution unit
equipment (e.g., computer room air-conditioning units, 配电装置输出 (如,计算机房空调装置、计算机房空气处理装置、行
output 级制冷器),必须计量该设备的用电量并从 PDU 输出读
computer room air handlers, in-row coolers), this equipment
must be metered and subtracted from the PDU output 数中减去。 计量方法应与用电效率 (PUE) 类别要求的
reading. The metering approach should be consistent with the 计量方法一致(如,PUE 类别 1、2 和 3 的连续消耗计
metering required for the power usage efficiency (PUE) 量)。
category (e.g., continuous consumption metering for PUE
categories 1, 2, and 3).

a measure of how efficiently a data center uses its power;


power utilization 数据中心电源使用效率指标;尤其是,由计算设备而不
specifically, how much power is used by computing 电力使用有效性 (PUE)
effectiveness (PUE) 是冷却或其他开销使用的电量
equipment rather than for cooling and other overhead

powered floor electric and battery-powered floor buffers and burnishers. It 电动和电池供电的地板减振垫和磨光器。 不包括湿应
电动地板维护设备 用中使用的设备
maintenance equipment does not include equipment used in wet applications

matter diverted from the waste stream during the


manufacturing process, determined as the percentage of
material, by weight. Examples include planer shavings, 在制造过程中由废物流转化而成的物质,由材料(重量
sawdust, bagasse, walnut shells, culls, trimmed materials, )百分比确定。 例如:刨花、锯屑、甘蔗渣、核桃壳、
preconsumer recycled 下脚料、修剪材料、过量发行的出版物及陈旧存货, 不
overissue publications, and obsolete inventories. The 消费前回收物质含量
content 包括可通过与生产材料相同的过程予以回收的返工、粉
designation excludes rework, regrind, or scrap materials 碎再生材料或废料 (ISO 14021)。 之前被称为工业用后
capable of being reclaimed within the same process that 含量。
generated them (ISO 14021). Formerly known as
postindustrial content.

U.S. Green Building Council 121 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

the parking spots closest to the main entrance of a building


(exclusive of spaces designated for handicapped persons). 最靠近建筑主入口的停车位(指定的残疾人车位除外)
preferred parking 优先车位 。 对于员工停车,是指最靠近员工使用的入口的停车位
For employee parking, it refers to the spots that are closest to 。
the entrance used by employees.

the wearing out or disuse of components or materials whose


service life exceeds their design life. For example, a material 弃用或停用使用寿命超出设计寿命的构件或材料。 例
with a potential life of 30 years is intentionally designed to 如,潜在寿命为 30 年的材料被特意设计为只使用 15
premature obsolescence last only 15 years, such that its remaining 15 years of service 过早废弃 年,这样其剩余 15 年的使用寿命就有可能会被浪费掉
is potentially wasted. In contrast, components whose service 。 相反,使用寿命与预期使用相同的构件可以发挥出最
life is the same as their expected use are utilized to their 大使用潜力。
maximum potential.

altered by paving, construction, and/or land use that would


typically have required regulatory permitting to have been
initiated (alterations may exist now or in the past). Land that 通过铺装、建设和/或土地使用而经过改变,一般都有
is not previously developed and landscapes altered by current 所需的监管启动许可(现在或过去存在改变)。 先前未
previously developed or historical clearing or filling, agricultural or forestry use, or 先前已开发 开发的土地,以及被当前或历史上的清理或填埋、农业
或林业用途改变的景观,或者保留的天然区域均被视为
preserved natural area use are considered undeveloped land. 未开发的土地。 之前开发许可发放的日期构成了先前开
The date of previous development permit issuance constitutes 发的日期,但是许可发放本身并不构成先前开发。
the date of previous development, but permit issuance in
itself does not constitute previous development.

a site that, prior to the project, consisted of at least 75%


previously developed site 先前已开发场址 场址在项目之前包括至少 75% 的先前已开发土地
previously developed land

U.S. Green Building Council 122 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

land that has the best combination of physical and chemical


characteristics for producing food, feed, forage, fiber, and
oilseed crops and that is available for these uses, as 由美国农业部的自然资源保护局确定(一种基于美国的
determined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural 方法,为高产土壤制定标准)的具有生产食物、饲料、
prime farmland Resources Conservation Service (a U.S.-based methodology 基本农田 草料、纤维和油料作物所需最佳物理和化学特性组合,
并可用于这些用途的土地。 有关基本农田标准的完整说
that sets criteria for highly productive soil). For a complete 明,请参见美国联邦法规第 7 部,第 6 卷,400 到
description of what qualifies as prime farmland, see U.S. 699 部分,657.5 小节。
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 7, Volume 6, Parts 400 to
699, Section 657.5.

a device that measures water flow and is installed


downstream from the public water supply meter or as part of 一种测量水流的设备,安装在公用水表的下游,或者作
private meter 私有水表
an on-site water system maintained by the building 为由建筑管理团队维护的场址内供水系统的一部分
management team

power resources consumed in support of a manufacturing,


industrial, or commercial process other than conditioning 为了支持生产、工业或商业流程而消耗的电能,而不是
spaces and maintaining comfort and amenities for building 为建筑住户提供空调空间及保持舒适所消耗的电能。 可
process energy 工艺用能
occupants of a building. It may include refrigeration 包括制冷、烹饪和食物准备、衣物洗涤设备以及其他主
equipment, cooking and food preparation, clothes washing, 要辅助电器。 (ASHRAE)
and other major support appliances. (ASHRAE)

process load or the load on a building resulting from the consumption or


工艺负荷或非常规负荷 由于工艺用能消耗或释放而产生的建筑负荷 (ASHRAE)
unregulated load release of process energy (ASHRAE)

water that is used for industrial processes and building


systems, such as cooling towers, boilers, and chillers. It can 工业流程及建筑系统(如冷却塔、锅炉和冷却器)用水
process water 工艺用水 。 此外,也可以指操作流程中使用的水,如洗碗、洗衣
also refer to water used in operational processes, such as 服,以及制冰。
dishwashing, clothes washing, and ice making.

U.S. Green Building Council 123 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

an item that arrives on the project site either as a finished


element ready for installation or as a component to another
item assembled on-site. The product unit is defined by the 作为准备好安装的成品元素或者在场址内组装的其他物
product (permanently
functional requirement for use in the project; this includes the 产品(永久安装的建筑产 品的构件到达项目场址的物品。产品单位由项目中使用
installed building 的功能要求定义;这包括物理构件和为永久安装的建筑
physical components and services needed to serve the 品) 产品的预期功能服务所需的服务。此外,对于规范中的
product)
intended function of the permanently installed building 类似产品,每种都可作为一个单独的产品。
product. In addition, similar products within a specification
can each contribute as separate products.

a system for the provision to the public of water for human


consumption through pipes or other constructed conveyances. 通过管道或建造的其他运输工具为公众供水以便用于人
public water supply 类消费的系统。 若要被视为公共系统,这种系统必须有
To be considered public, such system must have at least 15 公共供水 (PWS)
(PWS) 至少 15 个服务连接或者为至少 25 个人提供定期服务
service connections or regularly serve at least 25 individuals. 。 (引自美国环保局 (EPA))
(Adapted from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

the capture, diversion, and storage of rain for future


beneficial use. Typically, a rain barrel or cistern stores the 雨水的收集、转移和存储,以便将来用作有利用途。
rainwater harvesting water; other components include the catchment surface and 雨水收集 一般来说,雨桶或蓄水池用于储水;其他构件包括集水
conveyance system. The harvested rainwater can be used for 区表面及运输系统。 收集的雨水可用于灌溉。
irrigation.

the basic substance from which products are made, such as


concrete, glass, gypsum, masonry, metals, recycled materials 制作产品的基本物质,如混凝土、玻璃、石膏、砖石、
raw material 原材料 金属、再生材料(如塑料和金属)、油(石油聚乳酸)
(e.g., plastics and metals), oil (petroleum, polylactic acid), 、石材、农业纤维、竹子和木材
stone, agrifiber, bamboo, and wood

reclaimed water wastewater that has been treated and purified for reuse 再生水 经过处理和净化以便重复利用的废水

defined in accordance with the International Organization of


Standards document ISO 14021 – Environmental labels and 根据国际标准组织文档,ISO 14021 — 环境标志和声
recycled content 回收物质含量
declarations – Self-declared environmental claims (Type II 明 — 自我环境声明(II 类环境标志)进行定义
environmental labeling)

U.S. Green Building Council 124 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition


the amount of water lost from a specific vegetated surface
reference 没有水分限制的特定植被表面失去的水量。 高 120 mm
with no moisture limitation. Turf grass with height of 120 参考蒸散率
evapotranspiration rate 的草皮是参考植被。
mm is the reference vegetation.

a soil native to the project site, as described in Natural


Resources Conservation Service soil surveys (or a local
equivalent survey outside the United States), or undisturbed 按照自然资源保护局土壤调查(美国以外地区为当地的
native soils within the project’s region that have native 同等调查)的描述,为项目场址本地的土壤,或者项目
reference soil vegetation, topography, and soil textures similar to the 参考土壤 区域内未受干扰、有原生植被、地形且土壤纹理与项目
场址相似的原生土壤。 对于无既有土壤的项目场址,参
project site. For project sites with no existing soil, reference 考土壤被定义为项目区域内未受干扰,且为与新项目预
soils are defined as undisturbed native soils within the 期物种类似的适当原生植物物种提供支持的原生土壤。
project’s region that support appropriate native plant species
similar to those intended for the new project.

an item that has completed its life cycle and is prepared for
reuse without substantial alteration of its form. Refurbishing 已完成其生命周期并准备在不大幅更改其形态的情况下
refurbished material involves renovating, repairing, restoring, or generally 翻新材料 再利用的物品。 翻新包括整修、修复、恢复,或通常为
improving the appearance, performance, quality, 改善外观、性能、质量、功能或产品价值。
functionality, or value of a product.

an area where one or more individuals normally spend time


(more than one hour per person per day on average) seated or 一个或多个人在建筑中工作、学习或进行其他重点活动
standing as they work, study, or perform other focused 时经常(平均每人每天超过一小时)坐立的区域。 一小
activities inside a building. The one-hour timeframe is 时的时间范围是连续的,且应基于典型住户使用该空间
regularly occupied space 常用空间
continuous and should be based on the time a typical 的时间。 对于不是每天使用的空间,这一小时的时间范
occupant uses the space. For spaces that are not used daily, 围应基于典型住户在该空间开放使用时在其内消耗的时
the one-hour timeframe should be based on the time a typical 间。
occupant spends in the space when it is in use. 

U.S. Green Building Council 125 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a frequently used means of gaining access to a building.


Examples include the main building entrance as well as any
building entryways attached to parking structures, 常用是指进入建筑。 包括主建筑入口以及与停车场、
regularly used exterior 地下停车场、地下通路或外部空间相连的任何建筑入口
underground parking garages, underground pathways, or 常用外部入口
entrance 通道。 不包括非典型入口、紧急出口、中庭、广场之间
outside spaces. Atypical entrances, emergency exits, atriums, 的连接以及内部空间。
connections between concourses, and interior spaces are not
included.

any building end use that has either a mandatory or a


regulated load prescriptive requirement in ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 调节负载 在 ANSI/ASHRAE/IES 标准 90.1–2010 中有强制性或
指令性要求的任何建筑最终用途
90.1–2010

an item that has been repaired or adjusted and returned to


remanufactured product service. A remanufactured product can be expected to 经过维修或调整并退回进行检修的物品。 再制造产品
再制造产品 预计可以和新产品一样使用。
perform as if it were new.

energy sources that are not depleted by use. Examples


include energy from the sun, wind, and small (low-impact) 不因使用而耗尽的能源。 例如:太阳能、风能、小型
renewable energy 可再生能源
hydropower, plus geothermal energy and wave and tidal (低影响)水力发电,以及地热能与潮波系统。
systems.

a tradable commodity representing proof that a unit of


electricity was generated from a renewable resource. RECs 证明单位电量是源自可再生资源的一种可交易商品。
renewable energy credit
are sold separately from electricity itself and thus allow the 可再生能源认证 (REC) REC 与电力本身分开而单独出售,从而使传统电力的用
(REC) 户得以购买绿色电力。
purchase of green power by a user of conventionally
generated electricity.

the reemployment of materials in the same or a related


capacity as their original application, thus extending the 按照与原始应用相同或相关的功能重新使用材料,从而
lifetime of materials that would otherwise be discarded. 延长了材料的使用寿命,避免被丢弃。 再利用包括回收
reuse 再利用
Reuse includes the recovery and reemployment of materials 和重新使用从既有建筑或施工场址回收的材料。 也称为
recovered from existing building or construction sites. Also 重新利用。
known as salvage.

the total area of the building structure, core, and envelope


reused area that existed in the prior condition and remains in the 项目原始状况中既有且仍会包括在最终设计之内的建筑
再利用面积 结构、核心以及外围护结构的总面积
completed design

U.S. Green Building Council 126 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a measurement tool designed to meet strict accuracy


standards required by code or law. Utility meters are often 设计用于满足法规或法律要求的严格精确度标准的测量
revenue-grade meter 收费等级表 工具。 公用事业计量表通常被称为收费等级表,因为其
called revenue grade because their measurement directly 测量直接导致对客户收费。
results in a charge to the customer.

a transit service in which individuals travel together in a


passenger car or small van that seats at least four people. It 一种公共交通服务,是指多人乘坐一辆至少能坐 4 个
can include human-powered conveyances, which must 人的乘用车或小货车出行。 可包括人力运输工具,必须
rideshare accommodate at least two people. It must include an enclosed 共乘 容纳至少 2 个人。 必须包括封闭的乘客座位区、固定
passenger seating area, fixed route service, fixed fare 路线服务、固定费用结构,保持日常运营,以及能够搭
structure, regular operation, and the ability to pick up 乘多人。
multiple riders.

a construction component recovered from existing buildings


or construction sites and reused. Common salvaged materials 从既有建筑或施工现场回收并重复使用的建筑构件。
salvaged material 废旧利用材料 常见的可重新利用的建筑构件包括结构梁柱、地板、门
include structural beams and posts, flooring, doors, cabinetry, 、橱柜、砖及装饰构件。
brick, and decorative items.

the authority responsible for decision making about school


operations, districts, personnel, financing, and future 负责有关学校运营、地区、人员、财务和未来发展等决
school authority 学校当局 策制定的机构。 包括学校董事会、当地政府和宗教机构
development. Examples include school boards, local 。
governments, and religious institutions.

direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources owned or


Scope 1 emissions controlled by the entity, such as emissions from fossil fuels 从实体拥有或控制的来源直接排放温室气体,如场址内
第 1 范围排放
化石燃料燃烧产生的排放
burned on site

indirect greenhouse gas emissions associated with the


generation of purchased electricity, heating/cooling, or steam 与从公用事业供应商购买以供实体使用的电力、加热/
Scope 2 emissions 第 2 范围排放
off site, through a utility provider for the entity’s 制冷或场址外蒸气的产生相关的间接温室气体排放
consumption

the percentage of analysis points across the analysis area that


sDA300/50% meet or exceed this 300 lux value for at least 50% of the 在至少 50% 的分析期中,整个分析区内满足或超过
sDA300/50% 300 勒克斯的分析点的百分比
analysis period 

U.S. Green Building Council 127 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

the information technology (IT) load as measured at the


point of connection (e.g., power receptacle) of the IT device 在将 IT 设备连接到电力系统时(如,电源插座)测量
to the electrical power system. Server input captures the 的信息技术 (IT) 负载。 服务器输入收集 IT 设备的实
server input 服务器输入
actual power load of the IT device exclusive of any power 际功率负载,不包括配电损失和非 IT 负载(如,安装
distribution losses and non-IT loads (e.g., rack-mounted 在机架上的风扇)。
fans).

the assumed length of time that a building, product, or


service life assembly will be operational for the purposes of a life-cycle 为了生命周期评估,假设建筑、产品或组合材料可使用
使用寿命 的时间长度
assessment

shared multioccupant a place of congregation, or where occupants pursue


共享多住户空间 集会地点,或者住户追求重叠或协作任务的地点
space overlapping or collaborative tasks

an area designed to be fitted out for future expansion. Shell


shell space space is enclosed by the building envelope but otherwise left 壳体空间 设计用于在将来进行扩建的区域。 壳体空间被建筑外
围护结构封闭起来,但是无涂层。
unfinished.

non-enclosed bicycle parking typically used by visitors for a 非封闭式自行车停车,一般由访客使用,持续 2 个小


short-term bicycle storage 短时自行车存放
period of two hours or less. 时或更短时间。

(also known as “building-massing model energy analysis”) a


simple base-case energy analysis that informs the team about (也被称为“建筑量体模型的能源分析”)一种简单的
simple box energy 基本情况能源分析,告知团队建筑可能的能耗分配,用
the building’s likely distribution of energy consumption and 简单箱体能源模拟分析
modeling analysis 于评估潜在的项目能源策略。 简单箱体分析使用基本、
is used to evaluate potential project energy strategies. A 示意性的建筑形式。
simple box analysis uses a basic, schematic building form.

an evaluation of an area’s aboveground and subsurface


characteristics, including its structures, geology, and 评估一个场址地上和地下的特性,包括其结构、地质和
hydrology. Site assessments typically help determine whether 水文特性。 场址评估通常有助于确定是否已发生污染,
site assessment 场址评估
contamination has occurred and the extent and concentration 以及任何污染物排放的程度和浓度。 补救决定依靠场址
of any release of pollutants. Remediation decisions rely on 评估期间生成的信息。
information generated during site assessments.

U.S. Green Building Council 128 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

an overall design or development concept for the project and


associated (or potentially associated) buildings and sites. The 项目以及相关(或潜在相关)建筑和场址的整体设计或
plan considers future sustainable use, expansion, and 开发理念。 总平面图考虑了未来场址的可持续使用、扩
site master plan 场址总平面图
contraction. The site master plan is typically illustrated, with 张和收缩。 场址总平面图通常以建筑规划(如适用)、
building plans (if applicable), site drawings of planned 计划的各阶段的场址图纸和叙述性描述进行说明。
phased development, and narrative descriptions.

an area whose functions can be easily changed. For example,


hospital administrative offices could be moved so that this 功能可以轻易改变的区域。 例如,医院行政办公室可
soft space soft space could be converted to a laboratory. In contrast, a 软空间 以移动,从而这个软空间可以变为实验室。 相反,具有
lab with specialized equipment and infrastructure would be 专业设备和基础设施的实验室很难改变位置。
difficult to relocate.

the elements of a landscape that consist of live, horticultural


softscape 软景观 包括活的园艺元素的景观元素
elements

shared solar array or other renewable energy system with


solar garden/ community grid-connected subscribers who receive credit for the use of 太阳能花园/社区可再生 使用虚拟净测量值的共享太阳能电池阵列或其他可再生
能源系统,拥有连接了电网的用户,这些用户因使用可
renewable energy system renewables using virtual net metering (Adapted from 能源系统 再生能源而获得得分点(引自 solargardens.org)
solargardens.org)

the fraction of solar energy that is reflected by a surface on a


scale of 0 to 1. Black paint has a solar reflectance of 0; white
paint (titanium dioxide) has a solar reflectance of 1. The 被表面反射的太阳能所占的比例,范围为 0 到 1。黑
standard technique for its determination uses 色油漆的日光反射系数为 0;白色油漆(二氧化钛)的
solar reflectance (SR) spectrophotometric measurements, with an integrating sphere 太阳能反射 (SR) 日光反射系数为 1。其测量使用的标准技术是分光光度
测量法,通过积分球来确定每个波长的反射。 然后按照
to determine the reflectance at each wavelength. The average ASTM 标准 E903 和 E892 的要求,使用标准太阳光谱,
reflectance is then determined by an averaging process, using 通过平均处理来获得平均反射率。
a standard solar spectrum, as documented by ASTM
Standards E903 and E892.

U.S. Green Building Council 129 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a measure of the constructed surface’s ability to stay cool in


the sun by reflecting solar radiation and emitting thermal
radiation. It is defined such that a standard black surface 用于测量建筑表面通过反射太阳辐射并发出热辐射,在
(initial solar reflectance 0.05, initial thermal emittance 0.90) 阳光下保持凉爽的能力。 定义标准为,标准黑色表面(
has an initial SRI of 0, and a standard white surface (initial 初始太阳能反射率为 0.05,初始热反射率为 0.90)的
solar reflectance index solar reflectance 0.80, initial thermal emittance 0.90) has an 初始 SRI 为 0,标准白色表面(初始太阳能反射率为
太阳能反射指数 (SRI) 0.80,初始热反射率为 0.90)的初始 SRI 为 100。若
(SRI) initial SRI of 100. To calculate the SRI for a given material, 要计算指定材料的 SRI,需通过凉屋面评级委员会标准
obtain its solar reflectance and thermal emittance via the (CRRC-1) 获取其太阳能反射率和热反射率。 SRI 根据
Cool Roof Rating Council Standard (CRRC-1). SRI is ASTM E 1980 计算。老化 SRI 的计算基于太阳能反射率
calculated according to ASTM E 1980. Calculation of the 和热反射率的老化测试值。
aged SRI is based on the aged tested values of solar
reflectance and thermal emittance.

a set of uniformity criteria that ensure consistent


sound-level coverage intelligibility and directionality of audible frequencies for all 音量覆盖范围 一组统一标准,用于确保对空间中所有住户一致的可闻
频率清晰度和方向
occupants within a space

a decrease in the amount of unnecessary material brought


into a building in order to produce less waste. For example, 减少带进建筑的不必要的材料数量,以产生更少的废弃
source reduction 减少资源消耗 物。 例如,购买包装更少的产品就是一种减少资源消耗
purchasing products with less packaging is a source reduction 的策略。
strategy.

a metric describing annual sufficiency of ambient daylight


levels in interior environments. It is defined as the percentage
of an analysis area (the area where calculations are 一种描述室内环境中环境日光水平年充分性的指标。
performed, typically across an entire space) that meets a 被定义为在每年指定的一段运营时间内符合最低日光照
spatial daylight autonomy minimum daylight illuminance level for a specified fraction 度水平的分析区域(执行计算的区域,一般横跨整个空
空间日照自足指数 (sDA) 间)的百分比(即,符合 Reinhart & Walkenhorst,
(sDA) of the operating hours per year (i.e., the Daylight 2001 的日照自足值)。照度水平和时间部分作为下标包
Autonomy value following Reinhart & Walkenhorst, 含在内,与 sDA300,50% 中一样。sDA 值被表示为面积
2001). The illluminance level and time fraction are included 百分比。
as subscripts, as in sDA300,50%. The sDA value is expressed
as a percentage of area.

a condition in which speech is unintelligible to casual


speech privacy 话语私密性 话语让被动听者难以听懂的状态 (ANSI T1.523–2001)
listeners (ANSI T1.523–2001)

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition


the distribution of acoustic energy as a function of frequency
speech spectra 语谱 对于人类语言来说为作为频率函数的声能分布
for human speech 

a transit service with small, individual rail cars. Spacing


between stations is uniformly short and ranges from every 一种使用小型、独立轨道车辆的公共交通服务。 站间
streetcar block to ¼ mile, and operating speeds are primarily 10–30 有轨电车 距离一致且很短,范围从每个街区到 1/4 英里,运行速
度一般为 10–30 英里/小时 (15–50 公里/小时)。 有
mph (15–50 kmh). Streetcar routes typically extend 2–5 轨电车路线一般长达 2–5 英里(3-8 公里)。
miles (3-8 kilometers).

elements carrying either vertical or horizontal loads (e.g.,


structure walls, roofs, and floors) that are considered structurally sound 建筑结构 承载垂直或水平负载,且被认为架构稳定、无危险的构
件(如墙、屋面和地板)
and nonhazardous

provides the information needed to understand, operate, and


maintain the systems and assemblies within a building. It
expands the scope of the traditional operating and 提供了解、运营和维护建筑中的系统及组合材料所需的
systems manual maintenance documentation and is compiled of multiple 系统手册 信息。扩展了传统运营与维护文件的范围,包括多个在
调试过程中制定的文件,如业主项目要求、运营与维护
documents developed during the commissioning process, 手册和运营顺序。
such as the owner’s project requirements, operation and
maintenance manuals, and sequences of operation. 

an approach to hydrology in which watersheds are modeled


to calculate storm runoff volume, peak rate of discharge, 由前美国农业部水土保持局 (USDA Soil Conservation
Technical Release (TR) Service)
Technical Release (TR) 55 开发的一种水文测定方法,通过对流域建模以
hydrographs, and storage volumes, developed by the former 55
计算暴雨径流量、峰值排水率、水位图和储存量
USDA Soil Conservation Service

the ratio of the radiant heat flux emitted by a specimen to


thermal emittance that emitted by a blackbody radiator at the same temperature 热发射率 相同温度下,样品发出的辐射热通量与黑体辐射源发出
的辐射热通量的比值(引自凉屋面评级委员会)
(adapted from Cool Roof Rating Council)

three-year aged SR or a solar reflectance or solar reflectance index rating that is 在露天条件下三年之后测得的太阳能反射率或太阳能反
三年期 SR 或 SRI 值
SRI value measured after three years of weather exposure 射指数

U.S. Green Building Council 131 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

an arrangement in which customers pay higher fees to use


time-of-use pricing utilities during peak time periods and lower fees during off- 按时段计价 一种让客户在高峰时期支付较高的价格来使用公用设施
,反之在非高峰时期支付较低价格的规定
peak time periods

vehicle storage that is underground, under deck, under roof,


undercover parking 非露天停车场 位于地下、露天平台下、屋面下或建筑下方的停车场
or under a building

the electricity provided by a unit that keeps information


technology (IT) equipment functioning during a power
outage. UPS output does not include efficiency losses from
the unit itself but does include losses from downstream 由一种可以在停电时保持信息技术 (IT) 设备正常工作
electrical distribution components, such as power distribution 的装置提供的电能。 UPS 输出不包括来自装置本身的效
units, and it may include non-IT ancillary devices installed in 率损耗,但包括下游配电组件的损耗,这些组件包括配
uninterruptible power IT racks, such as fans. If the UPS system supports non-IT 电装置,还包括安装在 IT 机架中的非 IT 辅助设备,
不间断电源 (UPS) 输出 如风扇。 如果 UPS 系统支持非 IT 设备(如,计算机
supply (UPS) output equipment (e.g., computer room air-conditioning units, 房空调装置、计算机房空气处理装置、行级制冷器),
computer room air handlers, in-row coolers), this usage must 必须计量该用电量并从 UPS 输出读数中减去。 计量方
be metered and subtracted from the UPS output reading. The 法应与用电效率 (PUE) 类别要求的计量方法一致(如,
metering approach should be consistent with the metering PUE 类别 1、2 和 3 的连续消耗计量)。
required for the power usage efficiency (PUE) category (e.g.,
continuous consumption metering for PUE categories 1, 2
and 3).

hazardous items that are easily purchased and commonly 很容易就能买到且常用的危险物品。 包括电池、杀虫
used. Examples include batteries, pesticides, mercury- 剂、含汞设备和灯泡。 参见
universal waste 常见废弃物
containing equipment, and light bulbs. See epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/universal/index.htm
epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastetypes/universal/index.htm. 。

an area designed for equipment, machinery, or storage rather 一种设计用于设备、机械或储存而不是人类活动的区域


unoccupied space than for human activities. An equipment area is considered 非人员使用空间 。 设备区域只有在偶尔取放设备的情况下才会被认为是
unoccupied only if retrieval of equipment is occasional. 未使用的。

U.S. Green Building Council 132 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a heating or cooling system or control associated with the


district energy system (DES) but not part of the thermal 与区域能源系统 (DES) 相关的加热或冷却系统或控制
connection or interface with the DES. Upstream equipment 装置,但不是与 DES 之间的热连接或接口。 上游设备
upstream equipment 上游设备
includes the thermal energy conversion plant and all the 包括热能转化厂,以及在将热能运送到项目建筑或场址
transmission and distribution equipment associated with 期间所有的传输和分配设备。
transporting the thermal energy to the project building or site.

the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s certification for


products that contain at least 95% ingredients (excluding
water and salt) produced without synthetic chemicals, 美国农业部为所含成分中至少 95%(不包括水和盐)是
USDA Organic antibiotics, or hormones. Any remaining ingredients must 使用非合成化学物质、抗生素或激素生产的产品授予的
USDA 有机认证 认证。 其他成分必须由经过 USDA 批准的非农业物质或
consist of USDA-approved nonagricultural substances or 不以有机形式市售的农业产品组成。
agricultural products that are not commercially available in
organic form.

illuminance levels calculated at a point on a vertical surface, 在垂直表面上的一点,或出现在垂直平面上的一点计算


vertical illuminance 垂直照度
or that occur on a vertical plane. 的照度水平。

the glass portion of an exterior window that permits views to


the exterior or interior. Vision glazing must allow a clear 外部窗户中可以看到外部或内部的玻璃。 观景窗必须
vision glazing image of the exterior and must not be obstructed by frits, 视野眩光 能够清晰地看到外面,并且不得被扭曲色彩平衡的玻璃
fibers, patterned glazing, or added tints that distort color 料、纤维、有图案的玻璃或添加的色彩遮挡。
balance.

the distance that a pedestrian must travel between origins


and destinations without obstruction, in a safe and
comfortable environment on a continuous network of 行人必须在安全舒适的环境中,在出发点和目的地之间
walking distance sidewalks, all weather-surface footpaths, crosswalks, or 无障碍地在连续的人行道网络上、露天人行道、人行横
步行距离
道或类似的行人设施上行走的距离。 步行距离必须从所
equivalent pedestrian facilities. The walking distance must be 有建筑用户都可进入的入口开始算起。
drawn from an entrance that is accessible to all building
users.

a management activity that disposes of waste through


waste diversion methods other than incineration or landfilling. Examples 废弃物转化 通过焚化炉或填埋场以外的方式处理废弃物的一种管理
活动。 包括再利用和回收。
include reuse and recycling.

U.S. Green Building Council 133 of 315


LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

the conversion of nonrecyclable waste materials into usable


heat, electricity, or fuel through a variety of processes, 将不可回收的废料通过多个流程转换为可用的热能、电
waste-to-energy 从废物到能量 能或燃料,这些流程包括燃烧、气化、热裂解、厌氧消
including combustion, gasification, pyrolization, anaerobic 化、垃圾填埋气 (LFG) 回收
digestion, and landfill gas (LFG) recovery

the surface water of a stream (first-order and higher, 溪流(一级或更高,包括间歇性河流)小溪、河、运河


water body including intermittent streams), arroyo, river, canal, lake, 水体 、湖、出海口、海湾或者海洋的地表水。 不包括灌溉水
estuary, bay, or ocean. It does not include irrigation ditches. 渠。

a project-specific method of calculating the amount of water


required by the building and associated grounds. The budget
takes into account indoor, outdoor, process, and makeup 用于计算建筑和相关地面所需水量的项目特定方法。
water budget water demands and any on site supply including estimated 用水预算 预算考虑室内、室外、工艺和补充水需求,以及任何场
址内供应,包括预计的降水。 用水预算必须与具体的时
rainfall. Water budgets must be associated with a specified 段(如周、月或年)和水量(如 kGal 或升)相关。
amount of time, such as a week, month, or year and a
quantity of water such as kGal, or liters.

a device installed inside a water pipe to record the volume of


wet meter 水表 一种安装在水管内部以记录流过的水量的设备
passing water

an area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground


water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and 足以维持以一定的频率和持续时间被地表水或地下水淹
that under normal circumstances does support, a prevalence 没或渗透,以及在正常环境下能够维持众多适应饱和土
wetland of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil 湿地 壤条件的植物生存的区域。 湿地一般包括沼泽、湿地、
conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, 泥沼以及类似的区域,但不包括灌溉水渠(除非划定为
bogs, and similar areas, but exclude irrigation ditches unless 相邻湿地的一部分)。
delineated as part of an adjacent wetland.

plant-based materials that are eligible for certification under


the Forest Stewardship Council. Examples include bamboo 基于植物且符合森林管理委员会认证条件的材料。 包
wood 木材 括竹子和棕榈(单子叶植物)以及硬木(被子植物)和
and palm (monocots) as well as hardwoods (angiosperms) 软木(裸子植物)
and softwoods (gymnosperms)

xeriscaping landscaping that does not require routine irrigation 旱生园艺 无需常规灌溉的景观

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Chinese) Chinese Definition

a vehicle used primarily to facilitate the movement of truck


trailers and other types of large shipping containers from one 主要用于方便卡车拖车和其他类型大型集装箱从场址的
yard tractor area of a site to another. It does not include forklift 一个区域移动到另一个区域的车辆。 不包括叉车。也被
堆置场牵引车 称为牵引车、堆场拖车、多用途拖拉机装置、牵引头、
trucks. Also known as terminal tractor, yard truck, utility 堆场搬运车或堆场拖车。
tractor rig, yard goat, or yard hustler.

a plot whose building footprint typically aligns or nearly


zero lot line project 零红线项目 建筑占地通常或几乎与场址边界一致的地点
aligns with the site limits

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Arabic) Arabic Defintion

‫الملكية التي يتم تركها عن قصد وبشكل دائم عندما يكون من الظاهر أن مالكها‬
property left behind intentionally and permanently when it
‫ قد يفقد‬.‫السابق ال ينوي الرجوع مرة أخرى لحوزها أو للتصرف فيها‬
appears that the former owner does not intend to come back,
pick it up, or use it. One may have abandoned the property of ‫الشخص حقوقه في الملكية عند عدم إيفا ئه بواجباته المنصوص عليها في‬
contract rights by not doing what is required by the contract.
abandoned property ‫الملكية المهجورة‬ ‫ ال ُيعتبر حق االرتفاق أو حقوق األراضي‬،‫ ولكن من ناحية أخرى‬.‫العقد‬
However, an easement and other land rights are not
abandoned property just because of nonuse. Abandoned land ‫ فيتم تعريف األرض المهجورة‬.‫األخرى ملكية مهجورة بمجرد عدم االستخدام‬
is defined as land not being used at the present time but that
‫كأرض غير ُمستخدمة في الوقت الحالي ولكن قد تحتوي على مرافق وبنية‬
may have utilities and infrastructure in place.
‫تحتية في المكان‬.

‫النباتات التي ال تنتمي في األصل إلى منطقة محددة ولكن تتميز بخصائص‬
vegetation that is not native to a particular region but that has
adapted plant  characteristics that allow it to live in the area. Adapted plants ‫ النباتات المتكيفة ال تخلق (التُظهر) المشكالت النباتات المتكيفة‬.‫تتيح لها العيش في المنطقة‬
do not pose the same problems as invasive species.
‫ذاتها التي تخلقها (تُظهرها) األنواع العدوانية‬.

‫هي مادة تتم إضافتها لمنتج (مثل الطالء أو األرضيات) لقتل الكائنات الدقيقة‬
a substance added to a product (e.g., paint, flooring) to kill ‫ بعض المواد مثل مشمع األرضية تُظ ِهر خصائص طبيعية‬.‫أو منع نموها‬
or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Some products,
such as linoleum, exhibit natural antimicrobial properties. ‫ فلم يثبت العلم أن‬،‫ وعلى الرغم من الممارسات الحالية‬.‫ُمضادة للبكتريا‬
added antimicrobial
Despite current practice, science has not proven that ‫العوامل المضادة للميكروبات تقلل نقل العدوى في تشطيبات المباني بشكل العوامل المضافة المضادة‬
antimicrobial treatments reduce infection transfer in building
treatment ‫أيضا باسم العامل للميكروبات‬
finishes more effectively than standard cleaning procedures. ً ‫ وتُعرف‬.‫أكثر فعالية من إجراءات التنظيف القياسية‬
Also known as added microbial agent. See U.S. EPA ‫ راجع نشرة وكالة حماية البيئة األمريكية والمنتجات االستهالكية‬.‫الميكروبي‬
factsheet, Consumer Products Treated with Pesticides
(www.epa.gov/pesticides factsheets/treatart.htm). ‫عالجة بالمبيدات الحشرية‬
َ ‫الم‬ُ (www.epa.gov/pesticides
factsheets/treatart.htm).

a site having at least a continuous 25% of its boundary ‫ من قطع األراضي المجاورة لحدوده‬%25 ‫هو الموقع الذي يكون على األقل‬
bordering parcels that are previously developed sites. Only ‫ مع األخذ في االعتبار قطع االراضي الحدودية فقط‬.‫مواقع تم تطويرها مسبقًا‬
adjacent site consider bordering parcels, not intervening rights-of-way. ‫الموقع المجاور‬
Any fraction of the boundary that borders a water body is ‫ يتم استثناء أي جزء من الحدود‬.‫وليس التي لها الحقوق في المرور المتداخل‬
excluded from the calculation. ‫التي تحد جسم مائي من الحساب‬.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Arabic) Arabic Defintion

‫هي مواد (بخالف المواد الترابية) يتم وضعها على وجه السطح الناشط في‬
material other than earthen material placed on the surface of
the active face of a municipal solid waste landfill at the end ‫مصب البلدية للنفايات الصلبة في نهاية كل يوم عمل للسيطرة على الحشرات‬
alternative daily cover of each operating day to control vectors, fires, odors, blowing ‫( غطاء يومي بديل‬alternative
‫ يجب أن تتم‬،‫ وبشكل عام‬.‫والحرائق والروائح واحتراق النفايات ونظافتها‬
(ADC) litter, and scavenging. Generally these materials must be daily cover)
processed so they do not allow gaps in the exposed landfill ‫معالجة هذه المواد حتى ال تسمح بوجود فجوات في السطح المكشوف لمصب‬
face. (CalRecycle)
‫النفايات‬. (CalRecycle)

low-polluting, nongasoline fuels such as electricity, ‫ مثل الكهرباء والهيدروجين والبروبان‬،‫ وقود من غير البنزين‬،‫منخفض التلوث‬
alternative fuel hydrogen, propane, compressed natural gas, liquid natural ‫الوقود البديل‬
gas, methanol, and ethanol ‫والغاز الطبيعي المضغوط والغاز الطبيعي المسال والميثانول واإليثانول‬

nonpotable water from other than public utilities, on-site ‫المياه غير الصالحة للشرب من غير المرافق العامة و المصادر السطحية‬
surface sources, and subsurface natural freshwater sources. ‫ تشمل األمثلة الماء الرمادي والمياه‬.‫والمصادرالباطنية للمياه العذبة الطبيعية‬
alternative water source Examples include graywater, on-site reclaimed water, ‫مصدر المياه البديل‬
collected rainwater, captured condensate, and rejected water ‫جمع والماء‬
َّ ‫الم‬
ُ ‫جمعة والماء المتكاثف‬
َّ ‫الم‬
ُ ‫السطحية المستصلحة ومياه األمطار‬
from reverse osmosis systems (IgCC). ‫( المطرود من أنظمة التناضح العكسي‬IgCC).

a metric that describes the potential for visual discomfort in .‫القياس الذي يصف احتمالية عدم الراحة البصرية في بيئات العمل الداخلية‬
annual sunlight exposure
interior work environments. It is defined as the percentage of ‫عرف بأنه النسبة المئوية لمنطقة التحليل التي تتخطى المستوى المحدد‬
َّ ‫وي‬
ُ
an analysis area that exceeds a specified direct sunlight ‫التعرض الشمسي السنوي‬
(ASE)
illuminance level more than a specified number of hours per ‫لالستنارة بضوء الشمس المباشرة لمدة تزيد عن عدد الساعات المحددة في‬
year. ‫السنة‬.

‫ يشمل على سبيل المثال المناور‬.‫جزء ُمدمج غير مبني من نظام السطح‬
a built-in, nonstructural portion of a roof system. Examples
appurtenance include skylights, ventilators, mechanical equipment, ‫وفتحات التهوية والمعدات الميكانيكية والجدران الداخلية ولوحات الطاقة مالحق البناء الغير هيكلية‬
partitions, and solar energy panels.
‫الشمسية‬.

‫يقدم تقارير عن النسبة المئوية للمستشعرات في منطقة التحليل التي توجد‬


reports the percentage of sensors in the analysis area, using a
maximum 2-foot spacing between points, that are found to be ‫ والتي ُو ِجد أنها تتعرض ألكثر من‬،‫بمسافة قدمين بحد أقصى بين النقاط‬
exposed to more than 1000 lux of direct sunlight for more ‫ قبل‬،‫ ساعة في السنة‬250 ‫ لكس من أشعة الشمس المباشرة ألكثر من‬1000
ASE1000,250 than 250 hours per year, before any operable blinds or shades ASE1000,250
are deployed to block sunlight, considering the same 10 ‫ مع األخذ في‬،‫تعليق أي مظالت أو ستائر قابلة للفرد لحجب أشعة الشمس‬
hour/day analysis period as sDA and using comparable ‫اليوم بأنها فترة اضطرابات موسمية‬/‫ ساعات‬10 ‫االعتبار فترة التحليل ذاتها‬
simulation methods
‫واستخدام طرق محاكاة متماثلة‬

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Arabic) Arabic Defintion

a product formulated from multiple materials (e.g., concrete) ‫ على سبيل المثال) أو منتج مصنوع‬،‫منتج مركب من مواد متعددة (كالخرسانة‬
assembly ‫تجميع‬
or a product made up of subcomponents (e.g., a workstation) )‫من مكونات فرعية (مثل محطة عمل‬

the limits used by school districts to determine what school ‫الحدود المستخدمة في المناطق التعليمية لتحديد نسبةحضورالطالب بالمدرسة‬
attendance boundary ‫حدود الحضور‬
students attend based on where they live ‫التي حسب المكان الذي يعيشون فيه‬

average LED intensity


the illumination output for light-emitting diode lamps, as ‫متوسط كثافة الصمام الثنائى‬ ‫اإلضاءة الناتجة عن مصابيح الصمام الثنائي الباعث للضوء على النحو المحدد‬
specified in the International Commission on Illumination
(ALI) ‫الباعث للضوء‬ ‫ للجنة الدولية لإلضاءة‬2007–127 ‫في المعيار‬
Standard 127–2007

materials and products that make up the building or are ‫المواد والمنتجات التي تشكل البناء أو يتم تركيبها بشكل دائم وشبه دائم في‬
base building permanently and semi-permanently installed in the project ‫أساس البناء‬
(e.g., flooring, casework, wall coverings) )‫ األرضيات وأشغال المعالجة وأغطية الجدران‬،‫المشروع (مثل‬

baseline building the annual energy cost for a building design, used as a ‫ وتستخدم كأساس للمقارنة مع التصميم‬،‫تكلفة الطاقة السنوية لتصميم مبنى‬
‫مقياس أداء البناء‬
performance baseline for comparison with above-standard design ‫المعياري المذكور أعاله‬.

before the LEED project was initiated, but not necessarily ‫ قبل بدء مشروع‬LEED، ‫لكن ليس بالضرورة قبل القيام بأي تطوير أو‬
before any development or disturbance took place. Baseline ‫ وتصف الوضعيات المعيارية حالة موقع المشروع في التاريخ الذي‬.‫اضطراب‬
baseline condition conditions describe the state of the project site on the date the )‫مقياس الحالة (أو الوضعية‬
developer acquired rights to a majority of its buildable land ‫المطور الحقوق الخاصة بأغلبية األرض القابلة للبناء المكتسبة من‬
ِّ ‫طلب فيه‬
through purchase or option to purchase. ‫خالل الشراء أو خيار الشراء‬.

‫إحتساب مسقط إلستهالك المياه للمبنى والذي يفترض أن التركيبات‬


a calculated projection of building water use assuming code-
baseline water
compliant fixtures and fittings with no additional savings ‫مقياس استهالك المياه‬ ‫والتجهيزات مطابقة للقانون دون مدخرات مضافة مقارنة بالتصميم أو بيانات‬
consumption
compared with the design case or actual water meter data
‫عداد المياه الحالي‬

the information necessary to accomplish the owner’s project


‫ بما في ذلك وصف‬،‫المعلومات الالزمة إلنجاز متطلبات مشروع المالك‬
requirements, including system descriptions, indoor
basis of design (BOD) environmental quality criteria, design assumptions, and ‫( أساس التصميم‬BOD) ‫ ومراجع القوانين‬،‫ وإ فتراضات التصميم‬،‫ معايير الجودة البيئية الداخلية‬،‫النظام‬
references to applicable codes, standards, regulations, and
‫المعمول بها والمعايير واللوائح والمبادئ التوجيهية‬
guidelines

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Arabic) Arabic Defintion

‫) مسارات أو ممرات‬1 ‫شبكة مستمرة تتمثل في أي مجموعة مما يلي‬


a continuous network consisting of any combination of the ‫ متر) على األقل‬2.5( ‫ أقدام‬8 ‫للدراجات الهوائية بجانب الطريق بعرض‬
following 1) off street bicycle paths or trails at least 8 feet
(2.5 meters) wide for a two-way path and at least 5 feet (1.5 ‫ متر) على األقل للطريق ذي‬1.5( ‫ أقدام‬5 ‫للطريق مزدوج االتجاه وبعرض‬
bicycle network ‫شبكة الدراجات‬
meters) wide for a one-way path 2) physically designated on- ‫) توضيح مجسم على الطريق للممرات المخصصة للدراجات‬2 ‫االتجاه الواحد‬
street bicycle lanes at least 5 feet (1.5 meters) wide 3) streets
designed for a target speed of 25 mph (40 kmh) ‫) شوارع مصممة‬3 ‫ متر) على األقل‬1.5( ‫ أقدام‬5 ‫الهوائية في الشارع بعرض‬
)‫كيلومترا في الساعة‬
ً 40( ‫ ميال في الساعة‬25‫لسرعة محددة بـ‬

the distance that a bicyclist must travel between origins and ،‫المسافة التي يجب أن يقطعها راكب الدراجة بين نقاط البداية والوجهات‬
bicycling distance destinations, the entirety of which must be on a bicycle ‫مسافة ركوب الدراجات‬
network. ‫والتي يجب أن تكون بكاملها على شبكة الدراجات‬.

commercial or industrial products (other than food or feed) ‫المنتجات التجارية أو الصناعية (غير األطعمة واألغذية) التي تتكون بالكامل‬
that are composed in whole, or in significant part, of
biological products, renewable agricultural materials ‫أو جزء كبير منها من منتجات بيولوجية (حيوية) ومواد زراعية متجددة‬
bio-based material ‫المواد البيولوجية‬
(including plant, animal, and marine materials), or forestry .‫(تشمل المواد النباتية والحيوانية والبحرية) أو المواد الموجودة في الغابات‬
materials. For the purposes of LEED, this excludes leather
and other animal hides. ‫ بخصوص أغراض‬LEED، ‫يُستثنى من ذلك الجلود والجلود الخام الحيوانية‬.

wastewater containing urine or fecal matter that should be ‫تحتوي مياه الصرف على البول أو البراز التي ينبغي صرفها إلى أنظمة‬
discharged to the sanitary drainage system of the building or
."‫الصرف الصحي الخاص بالمبني أو العقار وفقًا "لقانون السباكة الدولي‬
premises in accordance with the International Plumbing
blackwater Code. Wastewater from kitchen sinks (sometimes ‫أحيانا المياه المعدومة‬
ً ‫وتعتبر مياه الصرف الصحي الصادرة عن أحواض المطبخ (تميز‬
differentiated by the use of a garbage disposal), showers, or
‫باستخدام التخلص من القمامة) أو االستحمام أو الحمامات مياه معدومة بموجب‬
bathtubs is considered blackwater under some state or local
codes. ‫بعض القوانين الدولية أو المحلية‬.

the removal of makeup water from a cooling tower or ‫إزالة المياه اإلضافية من برج التبريد أو نظام تبريد مكثِّف التبخير لتقليل‬
blowdown evaporative condenser recirculation system to reduce ‫التفريغ‬
concentrations of dissolved solids ‫المذابة‬
ُ ‫تركيزات المواد الصلبة‬

‫وهي الممتلكات العقارية التي قد تكون إعادة استخدامها أو توسعتها أو إعادة‬


real property or the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of
brownfield which may be complicated by the presence or possible ‫تنميتها عملية معقدة لوجود أو احتمالية وجود مادة خطرة أو ملوثات أو مادة األرض الملوثة‬
presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.
‫ملوثة‬.

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Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Arabic) Arabic Defintion

‫نظام تصنيف اإلنارة الذي يصنف وحدات اإلنارة فيما يتعلق بالضوء الخلفي‬
a luminaire classification system that classifies luminaires in ‫نظام معياري لإلضاءة الخلفية‬
terms of backlight (B), uplight (U), and glare (G) (taken from (B) ‫( والضوء العلوي‬U) ‫( والسطوع‬G) (‫مأخو ًذا من "مرسوم اإلضاءة‬
BUG rating ‫واألضواء الموجهة ألعلى‬
IES/IDA Model Lighting Ordinance). BUG ratings supersede ‫ النموذجي‬IES/IDA). ‫يحل النظام المعياري لإلضاءة الخلفية واألضواء‬
the former cutoff ratings. ‫والسطوع‬
‫الموجهة ألعلى والسطوع محل األنظمة المعيارية المنتهية (المنقضية) السابقة‬.

the portion of the site where construction can occur, ‫المستبعدة بشكل طوعي‬ُ ‫ ويشمل األرض‬،‫جزء من الموقع يمكن البناء فيه‬
including land voluntarily set aside and not constructed on. ‫ تستثني األرض القابلة‬،‫ وعند استخدامها في حسابات الكثافة‬.‫وغير المبنية‬
buildable land When used in density calculations, buildable land excludes ‫األرض الصالحة للبناء‬
public rights-of-way and land excluded from development by ‫المستثناة من التنمية حسب‬
ُ ‫للبناء التي يكون فيها حق المرور العام واألرض‬
codified law. ‫القانون المقنن‬.

a structure’s primary and secondary weatherproofing system, ‫ بما في ذلك أغشية‬،‫الهياكل األساسية و الثانوية لنظام مقاومة عوامل الطقس‬
including waterproofing membranes and air- and water-
building exterior ‫البناء الخارجي‬ ‫الوقاية من الماء والمواد الحاجزة المقاومة للماء والهواء وكل عناصرالبناء‬
resistant barrier materials, and all building elements outside
that system ‫خارج هذا النظام‬.

building interior everything inside a structure’s weatherproofing membrane ‫كل شيء داخل غشاء الوقاية من الماء البناء الداخلي‬

‫طور للنقل بالحافالت يعمل على طرق خاصة بالحافالت أو غيرها من‬
َّ ‫نظام ُم‬
an enhanced bus system that operates on exclusive bus lanes
bus rapid transit or other transit rights-of-way. The system is designed to ‫صمم هذا النظام للجمع بين مرونة الحافالت وفعالية السكة النقل السريع بالحافالت‬
ُ .‫حقوق العبور‬
combine the flexibility of buses with the efficiency of rail.
‫الحديدية‬.

a unit of carbon dioxide equivalent that is reduced, avoided, ‫وحدة من مكافئ ثاني أكسيد الكربون يتم تقليلها أو تجنبها أو حجزها لتعويض‬
carbon offset or sequestered to compensate for emissions occurring ‫موازنة الكربون‬
elsewhere (World Resources Institute) )‫االنبعاثات التي تحدث في مكان آخر (معهد الموارد العالمية‬

a procedure that tracks a product from the point of harvest or ‫ بما‬،‫إجراء تتبع منتج من نقطة الحصاد أو االستخراج إلى االستخدام النهائي‬
chain of custody (CoC) extraction to its end use, including all successive stages of ‫( تسلسل العهدة‬COC)
processing, transformation, manufacturing, and distribution ‫في ذلك جميع المراحل المتتالية للمعالجة والتحويل والتصنيع والتوزيع‬

an intensive, multiparty workshop that brings people from ‫ورشة عملة مكثفة متعددة األطراف تجمع أشخاص من مجاالت وخلفيات‬
charrette different disciplines and backgrounds together to explore, ‫ندوات‬
generate, and collaboratively produce design options ‫معا الستكشاف وإ نشاء وإ نتاج خيارات التصميم بشكل تعاوني‬
ً ‫مختلفة‬

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‫سائل يحتوي على هيدروكربونات يمتص الحرارة من خزان في درجة حرارة‬


a fluid, containing hydrocarbons, that absorbs heat from a
chlorofluorocarbon reservoir at low temperatures and rejects heat at higher ‫ وعند انبعاثها في الغالف مبردات معتمدة على المركبات‬.‫منخفضة ويطلق الحرارة في درجات حرارة مرتفعة‬
(CFC)-based refrigerant temperatures. When emitted into the atmosphere, CFCs cause ‫( الكلوروفلوروكربونية‬CFC) ‫ تتسبب المركبات الكربوكلوروفلورية في استنزاف طبقة األوزون في‬،‫الجوي‬
depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer.
‫الستراتوسفير‬.

the point in time in the morning (dawn) or evening (dusk) ‫اللحضة الزمنية في الصباح (الفجر) أو المساء (الغسق) عندما يكون مركز‬
when the center of the sun is geometrically 6 degrees below
‫ يكون‬،‫ في ظل أحوال الطقس الجيدة‬.‫ درجات تحت األفق‬6 ‫هندسيا‬
ً ‫الشمس‬
the horizon. Under good weather conditions, civil twilight is
civil twilight the best time to distinguish terrestrial objects clearly. Before ‫ قبل الشفق المدني‬.‫وقت الشفق المدني هو أفضل وقت لتمييز العناصر األرضية بوضوح‬
civil twilight in the morning and after civil twilight in the
‫ يتطلب األمر عادةً وجود إضاءة‬،‫الشفق المدني في الصباح وبعده في المساء‬
evening, artificial illumination normally is required to carry
on ordinary outdoor activities. ‫إصطناعية للقيام باألنشطة الطبيعية خارج المنزل‬.

a space that is regularly occupied and used for educational ُّ ُ‫مساحة ت‬


‫ في مثل هذه‬.‫ستخد ُم في األنشطة التعليمية‬
َ ُ‫حتل بشكل منتظم وت‬
classroom or core
activities. In such space, the primary functions are teaching ‫الفصل الدراسي أو مساحة التعلم‬
and learning, and good speech communication is critical to ‫ ووسيلة تواصل كالمية جيدة‬،‫ الوظائف األساسية هي التعليم والتعلم‬،‫المساحة‬
learning space ‫األساسية‬
students’ academic achievement. (Adapted from ANSI
‫أمر بالغ األهمية للتحصيل األكاديمي للطالب‬.
S12.60)

nonhazardous materials left over from construction and ‫ ويُستثنى من النفايات النظيفة‬.‫المواد غير الخطيرة من مخلفات البناء والهدم‬
clean waste ‫نفايات نظيفة‬
demolition. Clean waste excludes lead and asbestos. ‫الرصاص واألسبستوس‬.

glass that is transparent and allows a view through the ‫ أما الزجاج المنشور‬.‫زجاج شفاف يسمح بالرؤية من خالل فتحات النوافذ‬
clear glazing ‫الزجاج النقي‬
fenestration. Diffused glazing allows only daylighting. ‫فيسمح فقط بضوء النهار‬.

a system that acts as a heat sink for heat-rejecting building ‫نظام يعمل على امتصاص الحرارة المطلقة من المباني والمعدات الطبية من‬
and medical equipment by recirculating water. Because the ‫ تستخدم‬،‫ونظرا ألنه يتم حجز الماء داخل النظام‬
ً .‫خالل إعادة تدوير المياه‬
closed-loop cooling water is sealed within the system, some closed-loop cooling ‫حلقة مغلقة للتبريد‬
systems use nonpotable water (such as recycled process water ‫ المياه‬،‫بعض أنظمة التبريد بالحلقات المغلقة مياه غير صالحة للشرب (مثل‬
harvested from an air handler's cooling coil condensate). )‫المعالجة التي يتم تجميعها من مكثِّف لفائف التبريد الموجه للهواء‬.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Arabic) Arabic Defintion

‫ يوضح دقة الضوء اإلصطناعي المصدر في عرض‬100 ‫ إلى‬0 ‫مقياس من‬


a measurement from 0 to 100 that indictes how accurately an
artificial light source, as compared with an incandescent ‫ كلما ارتفع رقم المؤشر زاد‬.‫درجات األلوان بالمقارنة مع الضوء الساطع‬
light, displays hues. The higher the index number, the more
‫ تتميز األضواء الساطعة بأنها ذات مؤشر ترجيع لون أعلى من‬.‫ترجيع األلوان‬
accurately the light is rendering colors. Incandescent lighting
color rendering index has a color rendering index above 95; standard high-pressure ‫ رد) اللون‬/‫؛ مقياس إضاءة الصوديوم عالي الضغط القياسية (مثل أضواء الطرق مؤشر ترجيع (أداء‬95
sodium lighting (such as orange-hued roadway lights)
‫؛ ويتميز العديد من مصادر الضوء الفلورية التي‬25 ‫تقريبا‬
ً ‫البرتقالية) يساوي‬
measures approximately 25; many fluorescent sources using
rare earth phosphors have a color rendering index of 80 and ‫ فما فوق‬80 ‫تستخدم فسفور األتربة النادرة لها مؤشر ترجيع ألوان يساوي‬.
above. (Adapted from U.S. ENERGY STAR)
(‫ مقتبس من معيار‬ENERGY STAR ‫)بالواليات المتحدة األمريكية‬

combination oven water released from an oven that includes a steam cycle or
‫المياه الصادرة من فرن يحتوي على دورة بخار أو خيار تصريف فرن التجميع‬
discharge option

an integrated system that captures the heat, otherwise ‫ الغير المستخدمة التي تتكون بواسطة‬،‫وهو نظام متكامل يلتقط الحرارة‬
unused, generated by a single fuel source in the production of
combined heat and power ‫ وتُعرف هذه العملية لمزيج من الحرارة والطاقة‬.‫مصدر وقود واحد في عملية إنتاج الطاقة الكهربائية‬
electrical power. Also known as cogeneration. (Adapted from
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) )‫(مقتبس من وكالة حماية البيئة األمريكية‬
ٌ .‫أيضا باسم توليد المشترك للطاقة‬
ً

building waste streams that are combined on the project site ‫بعيدا للفرز في‬
ً ‫ورفعت‬
ُ ‫جداول نفايات البناء التي تجمعت على موقع المشروع‬
commingled waste and hauled away for sorting into recyclable streams. Also ‫النفايات المختلطة‬
known as single-stream recycling. ‫كما تعرف بإعادة التدوير أحادية التدفق‬.‫جداول قابلة إلعادة التدوير‬.

the process of verifying and documenting that a building and ‫عملية التحقق والتوثيق من أن المبنى وكافة األنظمة والتركيبات التابعة له تم‬
all of its systems and assemblies are planned, designed,
commissioning (Cx) ‫( التفويض‬Cx) ‫تخطيطها وتركيبها واختبارها وتشغيلها وصيانتها لتلبية متطلبات مشروع‬
installed, tested, operated, and maintained to meet the
owner’s project requirements ‫المالك‬

the individual designated to organize, lead, and review the .‫هو الشخص المعين لتنظيم وقيادة ومعاينة إكمال أنشطة عملية التفويض‬
completion of commissioning process activities. The CxA
commissioning authority facilitates communication among the owner, designer, and ‫ وتسهل السلطة المفوضة باالستالم الفعلي ألنظمة المبنى السلطة المفوضة باالستالم الفعلي‬CxA ‫التواصل بين‬
(CxA) contractor to ensure that complex systems are installed and َّ ‫المالك والمصمم والمقاول لضمان‬
‫( ألنظمة المبني‬CxA) ‫أن األنظمة المعقدة مثبتة وتعمل وفقًا‬
function in accordance with the owner’s project
requirements. ‫لمتطلبات مشروع المالك‬.

the measurement of the level of dissolved solids in water, ‫قياس مستوى وجود المواد الصلبة الذائبة في الماء باستخدام إمكانية تمرير‬
using the ability of an electric current to pass through water.
conductivity ‫ يتم قياس الموصلية‬،‫ونظرا لتأثرها بدرجة الحرارة‬
ً .‫تيار كهربي من خالل المياه‬
Because it is affected by temperature, conductivity is
measured at 25°C for standardization. ‫ درجة مئوية لتوحيد المعايير‬25 ‫التوصيل في درجة حرارة‬.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Arabic) Arabic Defintion

a region’s most common system for providing water to .‫أشهر الطرق الشائعة في منطقة لتوفير المياه للنباتات بطرق غيرطبيعية‬
plants by nonnatural means. A conventional irrigation system
conventional irrigation ‫ويستخدم نظام الري التقليدي عادة الضغط إليصال المياه وتوزيعها من خالل الري التقليدي‬
commonly uses pressure to deliver water and distributes it
through sprinkler heads above the ground. ‫رؤوس رشاشة فوق سطح األرض‬.

the water discharged from a cooling tower typically because َّ ‫هي المياه التي يتم تفريغها من برج التبريد عادة بسبب‬
‫أن الملوحة أو القلوية‬
increased salinity or alkalinity has caused scaling. Cooling
cooling tower blowdown ‫ قد يكون التفريغ السريع من برج تفريغ برج التبريد‬.‫الزائدة تسببت في حدوث عملية التقشر‬
tower blowdown may be too saline for use in landscape
irrigation. ‫ فال يمكن استخدامه لري البساتين‬،‫التبريد شديد الملوحة‬.

analysis of a product’s partial life cycle, from resource ‫ من استخراج الموارد (البداية) إلى بوابة‬،‫تحليل لدورة الحياة الجزئية للمنتج‬
extraction (cradle) to the factory gate (before it is transported
cradle-to-gate assessment )‫ التقييم ال يأخذ بعين اإلعتبار مراحل التقييم الشامل (من المصدر للبوابة‬.)‫المصنع (قبل نقلها للتوزيع والبيع‬
for distribution and sale). It omits the use and the disposal
phases of the product. ‫استعمال المنتج و التخلص منه‬.

an officially designated geographic area that includes both ‫منطقة جغرافية مخصصة بشكل رسمي تحتوي على مصادر ثقافية وطبيعية‬
cultural and natural resources associated with a historic
cultural landscape ‫قيما ثقافية أو معلم ثقافي طبيعي‬
ً ‫مرتبطة بأحداث وأنشطة تاريخية أو شخص أو مناطق تعرض‬
event, activity, or person or that exhibits other significant
cultural or aesthetic values ‫جمالية ذات قيمة كبيرة‬

current facilities
the implementation of the owner’s project requirements, ‫تنفيذ متطلبات المشروع الخاص بالمالك (أومشروع المالك) والتي تم تحسينها‬
developed to confirm the owner’s current operational needs ‫المتطلبات الحالية للمرافق‬
requirements (CFR)
and requirements ‫لتأكيد االحتياجات والمتطلبات العملية الحالية للمالك‬

‫منطقة مخصصة في مساحة المبني أو المرفق المركزي وتكون محددة الحجم‬


a designated area in a building space or a central facility that
is sized and allocated for a specific task, such as the ‫غالبا ما‬
ً .‫ مثل تجميع النفايات القابلة إلعادة التدوير‬،‫ومخصصة لمهمة محددة‬
collection of recyclable waste. Signage often indicates the .‫المخزنة في هذا المكان‬
ّ ‫توضح اإلشارات نوع النفايات القابلة إلعادة التدوير‬
type of recyclable waste stored there. Some waste streams,
such as mercury-based light bulbs, sensitive paper ‫قد تتطلب بعض جداول النفايات –مثل المصابيح المحتوية على الزئبق أو‬
dedicated storage ‫المخزن المخصص‬
documents, biomedical waste, or batteries, may require ‫الوثائق الورقية الحساسة أو نفايات الطب البيولوجي أو البطاريات– معالجة‬
particular handling or disposal methods. Consult the
municipality’s safe storage and disposal procedures or use ‫ راجع إجراءات التخلص اآلمن من النفايات‬.‫خاصة أو طرق تخلص خاصة‬
guidelines posted on the U.S. Environmental Protection ‫وتخزينها الخاصة بالبلدية أو اتبع اإلرشادات المنشورة على موقع "وكالة‬
Agency website, at www.epa.gov.
‫ حماية البيئة األمريكية" على الموقع‬www.epa.gov.

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Arabic) Arabic Defintion

a change in electricity use by demand-side resources from ‫تغير في استهالك الكهرباء بواسطة مصادر جهة الطلب عن طريق أنماط‬
their normal consumption patterns in response to changes in ‫االستهالك العادية الخاصة بهم استجابة للتغييرات في سعر الكهرباء أو‬
demand response (DR) the price of electricity or to incentive payments designed to ‫( االستجابة للطلب‬DR)
induce lower electricity use at times of high wholesale ‫الدفعات التحفيزية المصممة للحث على استخدام الكهرباء بشكل أقل في أوقات‬
market prices or when system reliability is jeopardized ‫ارتفاع أسعار سوق البيع بالجملة أو عند تعرض استقرار النظام للخطر‬

a specific period of time when the utility or independent ‫فترة محددة من الوقت يدعو فيها المرفق أو مشغل الخدمة المستقلة إلى تغيير‬
demand response (DR) service operator calls for a change in the pattern or level of
‫( حدث االستجابة للطلب‬DR) .‫في نمط أو مستوى استخدام في شبكة الكهرباء من المشتركين في برنامجها‬
event use in grid-based electricity from its program participants.
Also known as a curtailment event. ‫أيضا باسم حدث تخفيض االستهالك‬
ً ‫ويعرف‬.
ُ

a temporary interior wall that can be easily reconfigured. In a ‫ في بعض مرافق الرعاية‬.‫حائط داخلي مؤقت يمكن إعادة تشكيله بسهولة‬
health care facility, acoustical concerns and embedded
demountable partition ‫ كما هو الحال في تقسيم قابل لإلزالة‬،‫ قد تمنع المخاوف الصوتية والمعدات المدمجة‬،‫الصحية‬
equipment, as in a surgery suite, may prevent demountable
partitions from being used ‫ من استخدام التقسيم القابل لإلزالة‬،‫جناح الجراحة‬.

an area with a design occupant density of 25 people or more ‫شخصا أو أكثر في مساحة‬
ً 25 ‫هي منطقة ذات تصميم كثافة إشغال مقدارها‬
densely occupied space ‫مساحة مكتظة‬
per 1,000 square feet (93 square meters) )‫مربعا‬ ‫مترا‬
ً ً 93( ‫ قدم مربع‬1000

‫مقياس إلجمالي مساحة أرض المبنى اإلجمالية أو الوحدات السكنية على‬


a measure of the total building floor area or dwelling units
on a parcel of land relative to the buildable land of that ‫ قد‬.‫قطعة أرض متعلقة باألرض القابلة للبناء على مساحة قطعة األرض هذه‬
density ‫الكثافة‬
parcel. Units for measuring density may differ according to ‫علما بأنها ال تتضمن‬
credit requirements. Does not include structured parking. ً ،‫طبقا لمتطلبات االعتماد‬
ً ‫تختلف وحدات قياس الكثافة‬
‫موقف سيارات المبني‬.

– the floor area of a diagnostic and treatment of clinical – ‫ إذ يتم‬،‫منطقة الدور الخاصة بالقسم السريري التشخيصي والعالجي‬
department, calculated from the centerline of the walls ‫احتسابها من الخط المركزي للجدران التي تفصل القسم من المساحات‬
departmental gross area
separating the department from adjacent spaces. Walls and ‫المساحة الكلية للقسم‬
(DGA) ‫ ويستثني‬.‫ يشمل الحساب الجدران وفضاءات التداوالت داخل القسم‬.‫المجاورة‬
circulations space within the department are included in the
calculation. This calculation excludes inpatient units. ‫هذا الحساب وحدات المرضى الداخليين‬.

‫المساحة اإلجمالية من األرض في موقع المشروع المغطاة بالمباني والشوارع‬


the total land area of a project site covered by buildings,
development footprint streets, parking areas, and other typically impermeable ‫ومواقف السيارات واألسطح التي تمنع نفاذ المطر والتي تم تشييدها كجزء من أثر التطوير‬
surfaces constructed as part of the project
‫المشروع‬

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LEED v4 Glossary of Terms with Translations

Term (English) Definition (English) Term (Arabic) Arabic Defintion

a state in which two materials with different life spans make ‫ في حالة‬.‫ال‬
ً ‫واحدا كام‬