GREEN ROOF PLANTING

[Type the document subtitle]

GOH LING NI

AB100006

Plant
1. Campsisradicans

Family
Bignoniaceae

Morphology
-Pinnate compound leaves 4-12 in

Farm
- Sun to Partial Shade - Average Water Needs - Prefers rich moist soil but is adaptable to less than optimal situations.

Height
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

Characteristic
Foliage:Deciduous

Distribution
North America southeastern and

Use
Vigorous dense creeping foliage and ornate floral displays; provides shade and wildlife interest to the staircase shaft trellisIt is best used in woodland gardens and natural areas where it has space to grow. It will quickly cover fences and other structures . Trumpet creeper is one of the best plants for attracting hummingbirds to your yard as it produces quantities of nectar rich blossoms all summer long.

Trumpet vine

(10.2-30.5 cm) long that cover the vine in a dense cloak of bright green foliage -7-15 oval leaflets that have serrated edges

Flower: Showy clusters of yellow orange to red trumpet-shaped flowers

Gulf Coast region of the United States

2.

Rhuscopallina

Anacardiaceae

- Deciduous tree - Crooked, spreading

- Good in dry, rocky areas - Full sun to mostly shade - Prefers acidic, well-drained soil

3.5²5.5 m (11²18ft.)

Leaf: Alternate arrangement, deciduous,odd-pinnately compound, ovate-shaped, dark green

In the eastern US from southeastern Maine, west to Michigan, and south to Texas and Florida

Tall slender stems display tufts of foliage and flower panicles high above the roof terraces, insuring visibility at street level. Flame poor sumac soils pioneers and and

Flame sumac Shining Sumac or Winged Sumac

branches

colonizes

provides

Flower dioeciousgreenish-yellow flowers

flame-red fall color. Its showy fall foliage provides an added benefit. Winged sumac grows well in urban areas where air pollution, poor drainage and

Fruit hairy, red drupe borne in terminal panicles showy

compacted soil prevent most small trees from surviving. It is used in buffer strips, highway projects. medians and reclamation

spleen pain and as a sedative .Deciduous shrub . deciduous. acid. grow in clumpy. bringing aesthetic interest to the staircase shaft plant community. dry. Comptoniaperegrina Myricaceae . but a low. -Root system is thick with fibrous root hairs close to the surface -Stout. woody roots that reach deep into the earth -Dry plains. and Stem: red-brown to grey west to Minnesota potpourri. . North America It can often be located in forest clearings or verges. and the fresh leaves are used as a lining in fruit baskets to help preserve the fruits.Not a fern. and tea made from the leaves has been used to relieve symptoms of Flowers: catkins clustered a t ends of the branches dysentery. around 2 m Leaf: Alternate arrangement. burlish. digestive problems.Well-drained. alternate. trifoliate. 4. deciduous. dehiscent.Prefers acidic. fragrant and hairy southern Quebec south to the extreme north of Georgia. Fruits may be eaten raw. from This East Coast native can be found growing in sandy soils and dry hillsides with low organic content. similar to the growing substrate installed on the staircase shaft. 18²42 in Flower: white. ovate-shaped. Tea made from its roots isdrank to relieve toothache.New Jersey tea. having many thin branches.inflorescences on lengthy. whooping cough. Ceanothusamericanus Buckthorn (Rhamnaceae) . Jersey tea ceanothus Fruit:Dry.Shrub.The root is astringent due to its tannin content and contains an alkaloid that lowers blood pressure New Jersey tea. axillary peduncles.Sandy or rocky soil conspicuous in native meadows and garden beds. asthma. bronchitis. on The snowball-like floral display is prairies. with four per fruit 5. sandy or gravelly soils 1. Seeds : in bur like heads.5 m Foliage:Deciduous Native to eastern North America. seed capsules banks or lakeshores.3.Leaves are used for Sweet fern rhizomatous shrub Leaves: simple. and on gentle slopes. glossy dark green Native to eastern United States Large colonies offer brilliant scarlet fall color in their native environment along limestone cliffs and rocky bluffs of the .Full sun to mostly shade . Rhusaromatica Anacardiaceae .Irregular crown and Fragrant sumac dense . and fernlike. or similar untreed areas .

Rosa Carolina Rosaceae . and wilder gardens. linear or narrowly 20 cm Flower: Short inflorescence.A herbaceous plant with succulent stems. make jelly and tea 7.Regular water .24-26°C (75-78°F) . deciduous Allegheny stonecrop erect stems Leaf:Oblong or oval.brancheshaveascendi ng tips . linear. Native to western North America from British Columbia and Alberta to northern California to Wyoming The seasonal transition from A rare native that does well on exposed rock outcrops as well as gardens and landforms that are the analogs of the ASLA green roof ·s south wave on terra firma. 5 petals. Crassulaceae .A shrub in the rose family Pasture rose . the thick foliage creates a green cap over the staircase shaft. borne mostly solitary bloom form Native to eastern North America A rugged rose well suited to meadows.Sun -Humus. yellow petals. and it has introduced populations in Ontario 8. Fruit: hairy. punctuated by yellow floral blooms in mid-summer. Hylotelephiumtelephioides summer-green to winter-red foliage.A succulent plant producing mats or Worm leaf stonecrop clumps of lance-shaped. making it well-suited to exposed conditions.Perennial. .Full sun .5 to 7 leaflets.Medium. sandy Leaf:Alternate arrangement. strong fragrance. alternate . Fruit: Showy . Sedum stenopetalum Crassulaceae .Medium to wet 90-185 cm Flower: Pink. provides a distinctjagged texture year-round to the south wave. red drupe 6. becoming a conspicuous element in the neighborhood rooftop topography. entire or sparingly toothed. roadsides. loam. Sedum telephioides.Full sun to shade 6 to12in (15-30 cm) Fruit: Pod Flowers: Pale pink Native range extends from Georgia to Illinois and New York. armed with thorns / prickles . Rose hip skin used as treatment for upset stomach . or three-lobed leaves . average diameter 2".Suckers well-drained soil Flowers: dioeciously yellow flowers Chesapeake Watershed. . sometimes with red veins.Dicot .Mesic-dry soil .

dense groundcover in slightly red. with sharply pointed tips.Low-growing stonecrop that . dark green leaves Stonecrop spreads by trailing stems to form an attractive ground cover. clusters of star-shaped. 10. evergreen . succulent green leaves sharply toothed near the ends. bronze-orange flowers mass planting. it is an excellent selection for difficult sites such as banks and rocky areas.33 Leaf: Six spiral rows of small Native to Europe and A beautiful and tough sedum brings . yellow-tinted. crooked or worm-like.Succulent .Succulent . Orostachysboehmeri Crassulaceae .Full sun or shade .17 . Siberia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across forming a the substrate surface. Sedum sexangulare Crassulaceae .15 cm) Foliage: serrated Blue-green. silver/gray succulent North Asia The conical arrangement of the flower spike and whorled silvery leaves add a curious texture to the low-growing Sedum boehmeri.Perennial.0.Cactus . edges.Flowers appear on reddish stems rising above the thick. well-drained areas with full sun. It grows well grows well near water gardens or ponds . It can be a good container plant and also the Flower: White..Full Sun .Drought tolerant . oval. It also can be used as a container plant. triangular. (15 cm) Foliage: Grown for foliage. may slightly turn Native to Kamchatka. Hence.Perennialherb linear-lanceolate and strongly keeled or nerved on the upper surface. . dry soil 4-6 in (10 . yellow.Drought. 11. heat & 0. Hardy Duncecap Flower: White sedum plant palette of the south wave. Sedum floriferum ´Weihenstephaner Goldµ Crassulaceae .Heat Tolerant under 6 in. rosette of rough.Average Water Needs . 9. average moist.Prefers well-drained.

and West Asia This drought-tolerant evergreen sedum forms a spreading mat of rounded leaves and stalks. It is an excellent groundcover plant. silvery or mi d green leaves Asia. intricate texture to the plant palette and the reliability of a tried -and-true green roof plant ( also planted on terrace) . cactus and succulents . dry to medium moisture. (15 cm) Foliage:EvergreenSucculent..Dry to Normalwater range ft. mat-forming.Part shade to full sun .Perennials. 'Voodoo' is a creeping evergreen sedum. (15-30 cm) Foliage:The cylindrical to spherical leaves are pale to dark green and sometimes red-flushed.Average. star shaped 1/2 inch across garden. Thick. Sedum album ´Muraleµ Crassulaceae .Full Sun . particularly for hot.Well-drained soil.Drought-tolerant . The stems are maroon too and . sprawling.Vigorous. At full size they are overlain with gray and blend to maroon at the Two-row stonecrop. North Africa. spoon shaped. but tolerates a wide range of conditions. forming lush green mats of small succulent leaves Flower: White. showy. dark maroon-red leaves are toothed near the ends Native to western Eurasia. cylindrical leaves. well-drained soils . White stonecrop groundcover for sandy or gravelly soils in sun. Stem: Fleshy bearing terminal rosettes of stiff 12.Full Sun . 6-12 in. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock Flower: Yellow. .Creeping evergreen perennial is a verdant . Voodoo Stonecrop -A low-growing. It thrives in full sun. Light Pink. Native to rocky areas of Europe.Drought-tolerant. evergreen Watch chain sedum Stonecrop Tasteless perennial with mat-forming growth habit . dry sites.Tolerates some under 6 in.Some Sand to Some Clay . Sedum spurium´Voodooµ Crassulaceae .Ground covers humidity tolerant . It isnice in a rock garden and for planting in green roofs or in rock walls. succulent. Prized for the colors of its leaves and stems. When young and small the leaves are green. branching edges. dark mahogany-leaved Stem: Creeping. containers between stepping stones or in wall nich es. obovate. 13. Flat clusters of small starry white to pinkish flowers appear from late spring into summer.

Full sun to partial shade . .Dry to medium water need . purple or yellow. 14. which Flower: Tiny.Thrive in full sun . so they are mostly hidden below the leaves.Well-drained soil. (8-10 in) Stem: Greenflattened and formed of segments. found along the margins of mature segments. barbed bristles are found around the surfaces of the segments Native cactus found in most of eastern North America The showy yellow flower and unique form bring an untamed curiousness to the crest of the south wave. light shade .Mat-forming . evergreen. appear on branched stalks.red or pink. Sempervivumtectorum Crassulaceae . red. Eastern Prickly Pear or Indian Fig roots -Mostly spineless or may have 1-2 whitish-brown spines along the edges Flower:Yellow to gold. It is an old time favorite used in concrete planters on either side of the front entry and great in window boxes or niches. making the plant a tidy groundcover of unusual color. It is useful in mixed borders and natural areas.Sandy or gravelly soils stems root at the nodes. Hardy prickly pear is low-growing and Prickly pear cactus.Well-drained soil.stonecrop or sedum that is commonly grown as a ground cover. enriching the planting with horticultural allegory and providing a radiating texture to the Hens and chicks succulents that produce clusters of rosettes. It thrives in rock gardens and containers. star-shaped plant palette. . . it is an evergreen succulent with a mat forming growth habit.Perennial . waxy and sometimes have red centers its brilliant yellow flowers and meandering pads are most effective at the front of mixed plantings. Opuntiahumifusa Cactaceae .A prostrate spreading cactus with fibrous .Tolerates poor soils and some drought under 6 in.Intolerant of shade Up to 2 ft. (15 cm) Leaf:In a basal rosette. rose-red flowers bloom in four-branched inflorescences rise to a uniform height. 15. succulent and can be green. Native to the mountains of southern Europe The ´house leeksµ are an ancient group of green roof plants. star-shaped. they run on the ground. It is best when planted in groups or massed as a ground cover.Besides that.Cacti and other succulent Flower: Purple. .

Silenecaroliniana Caryophyllaceae .Perennial forb/herb . white. mauve. that bristle with sharp spines. 0.Semi-evergreen . with its subtle north-facing slope.Prefers moist. at foundations.Found in dry or open Wild pink forest or woodland clearings. dry to medium moisture. tolerates rocky soils and hot areas. Mountain Phlox perennial or short semi-evergreen groundcover . blue. and at the edge of beds or low walls . . offer a red-purple color to the rooftop palette. well-drained soils Leaf: Tufts of narrow.Full sun and . Foliage: Oblong. Phlox subulata Polemoniaceae -Creeper . neutral to slightly alkaline pH soils 6 in Flower: Small. This spring-flowering accent groundcoveris commonly found in rock gardens. spreading.Fruit:Juicy and edible red fruits measure from 3 -5 cm. needle-like. similar to summer condition s found on the south wave. 17. opposite to clustered on the stemsand densely arranged. five-petaled flowers bloom in rose. 16. well-drained. (4-10 in) Flower: Loose clusters of rose-pink flowers with five spreading wedge-shaped petals Native to Eastern &central North America This species thrives in sandy to rocky soils in full sun with afternoon shade. or pink Native to North America A vigorous. mat-forming phlox that thrives in well -drained soils with good sun exposure.Average. -Full sun to part shade . flattened pads 2-6 in (5. the abundant flowers Moss phlox. but semi-woody with age Foliage: Evergreen to semi-evergreen.1-15. the pulp is ruby red and tastes a little like watermelon.75 to 1 ft.Dry to medium water need . either linear or awl -shaped (linear with a slightly swollen base). It is best in rock gardens and may be grown in border fronts and wildflower or native plant gardens. along paths.Herbaceous when young. lance-shaped basal leaves with smaller paired stem leaves. Moss Pink.2 cm) long.

Resembling spruce branches. Basutoland Hardy Ice Plant. three-sided rocky screes on mountainsides where conditions are both cold and dry 19. Delospermanubigenum ´Basutolandµ Aizoaceae . Plant it in broad shallow containers. low-growing plant forms a mat of gray-blue foliage and is well reputed Spruce-leaved stonecrop. Blue Stonecrop. spreading on the ground produces attractive cactus-like form. rock gardens or pebbly sunny border edges. . Jenny's Stonecrop and Prick-madam softer tissue . succulent.Groundcover. daisy-like Native of eastern South Africa . This is an extra vigorous form of the golden iceplant that tends to flowe r longer than the wild-type form. . Sedum reflexum. Grow well in full sun and well-drained substrates (also planted on terraces). Foliage:Evergreen. Golden Ice Plant plentiful .Brilliant yellow single flowers are . smooth-textured. easy to grow in the toughest situations. It will also thrive in crevices between rock walls.Drought tolerant 2-4 in (15 cm) Flower: Golden yellow.Groundcovers. this mat-forming Ice plant. perennials succulent with showy flowers is well suited to rooftop conditions.A great ´parking lot plantµ.Modern gardeners love the bright hues and neat habit of this adaptable succulent. making it an excellent plant for coverage and filling tight areas (also planted on terraces).Watering.Grows in small bushes.18.Good drainage .glabrous bluish-green leaves erect along the stems for seeking out nooks and crannies in the garden. Reflexed Stonecrop.Full sun . with irregular curves . stone troughs. Sedum rupestre Crassulaceae . but with .Naturally inhabits A fast-growing member of the green roof planting. chartreuse/yellow. 1/2" fleshy needle-like foliage forms a whorl around the stem. Foliage: Bluish-green (spruce colored) linear.Partial to full sun . 10 cm (5 in) Flower: Yellow Origin: Europe A strong.Bright green jellybean foliage spreads to form solid mats .

5-0. Western Asia The red. 21.Herbaceous. 5-8 petaled flowers in cymes atop leafless stems . poisonous.Features pink to red. Talinumcalycinum Portulacaceae . perennial. this stonecrop works well as a groundcover or wall plant.Full sun to light shade .Tolerant infertile. gravelly.Drought-tolerant . . (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen. Sedum spurium´Fuldaglutµ Crassulaceae -Mat-forming species forms a carpet of . coral. leaf margin incised. sand soil . mostly basal Native to United States The inflorescences of this low-growing grass bring a light. to 3/4 inch wide. green to blue-gray and glabrous 0.Full Sun .Prefer dry conditions. surrounded by finger-like leaves. obovate.cactus/succulent 20. flattened. or sandy.75 ft. blanketing the ground and even climbing vertical surfaces where happy. foliage of this tough of sedum greens break among the the Two-Row stonecrop rosy-red flowers. and succulent Tropical America Well-suited to rocky soils and full sun. horizontally colonizing. cloud-like texture . glabrous. star-shaped. contrasting against green leaves with bronzy-maroon highlights. semi-evergreen homogeny spurium-type ground covers. .Growing in large colonies in the wild. opposite leaves. (45-60 cm) Lea:Classy green leaves.A Missouri native perennial which most Fameflower Rock Pink often occurs in rocky soils. succulent. 18-24 in.Average Water under 6 in. light green. and soil that is rocky. rocks and glades. 5-8 petaled Leaf:Up to 3" long.Intolerant of competition from tall aggressive plants Flower: Pink tored.A rock garden favorite. the beautiful purple flowers and slender succulent leaves are curious additions to the roof ·s terraces. rounded. 22. variegated. . Eragrostisspectabilis Poaceae . loam. it survives drought by storing water within its leaves. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden. held in round corymbs wall niches(also planted on terraces). . Stem: Branch occasionally. rose. bronzy -red leaves Eastern Europe. The perfect plant for a rock garden or xeric planting. adding a slight verticality to the terrace texture (also planted on terraces). showy. containers between stepping stones or in Flower: red.Ornamental grasses and bamboo . . pink.Full sun.Well Drained.

with leaf Blue grama grass veins typically parallel to one another . separated by segments called internodes.Dry to normal water range . . Short-grass prairies of North America are dominated by Bouteloua species.Dappled to full sun Foliage: Deciduous.Ground covers.Drought tolerant. . hollow between the joints 23. It looks good in containers and can be grown as a water conserving lawn when mowed to a 2 inch height. and Midwest states to Mexico The unique inflorescence of this drought-tolerant grass is suspended horizontally from the tip of the flower stalk. 15²30 cm Flower: Green to purple. Grass: Herbs with cylindrical.Produces curious inflorescences suspended horizontally like tiny brushes from the top of each flowering stem. and its tough foliage tolerates dry soils with low organic content in full sun.Fluffy clouds of bronze-red inflorescences sandy and poor soils in full sun . stiff inflorescence appears like reddish -purple clouds hovering at ground level.Some sand to some clay soil . perennials Stem:Composed of solids joints. Boutelouagracilis Poaceae . . nodding. tiny flowers aggregated into highly modified clusters. the leaf margins are most often smooth. on a central stem. Great Plains. Native to dry plains of central North America . purpled sprays of flowers and seeds. called nodes. Nodes are the points of attachment for leaves . jointed flowering stems (culms). pendent. racemes or panicles.Average water Flower: Pretty reddish to with a hint of purple to the roof palette.yield burgundy-red seeds.Perennials .Purple lovegrass . green.Most commonly found from Alberta east to Manitoba and south across the Rocky Mountains.Narrow grasslike foliage. makingBlue grama a natural choice for meadow gardens. In late summer the fine -textured. ornamental grasses and bamboos. bringing aesthetic interest to the roofs plant community. flower and seeds are borne in spikes.

grass-like . up to 50 cm long.Features clumps of flat.The plant is hardy.Full sun to part shade Leaf: Hollow tubular.Full sun to part shade . Its group.A bulb-forming herbaceous perennial Chive plant. and 2²3 mm in diameter.Thrive in welldrained soil. . produced in a dense inflorescence of 10-30 together Seed: In a small three-valved capsule 25. prior to the 1 to 1. It is Also effective as an ornamental (leaves may still be harvested) in rock gardens or border fronts and may be grown in pots. with numerous rounded heads of mauve flowers . it may appear stiffer than usual. although. North An incredible drought-tolerant bulb that brightens the north wave with reliable green foliage and large purple inflorescence that provides aesthetic and wildlife benefits. Clumps can also be divided. Allium schoenoprasum Alliaceae . narrow. mass or use as an edger in herb gardens and vegetable gardens.Easily identified by itsdistinctive curved ´comblikeµ seedheads 24..Dry to medium 1 to 1. and grow in dense clusters from the roots. plantings of this perennial bulb on the street side Nodding onion. perennial. Bulb: An unsheathed slender conic bulb which gradually tapers directly into several native to North America from New York to British A native onion relative that displays inflorescences on long stalks. with a soft texture. fragrant star-shaped with six petals. (30²50 cm) Bulb: Slender conical.5 ft. Allium cernuum Alliaceae . Flower: Pale purple. 2²3 cm long and 1 cm broad.Make a neat clump of bright grassy leaves to about a foot high. rich in organic matter .5 ft. and self-seeds readily. lady's leek leaves . emergence of a flower from a leaf.Make useful flowers for a border . Native Asia America to and Europe. .

Tiny bell-shaped. Native to the Northern Hemisphere. The plant has a relatively short life. dry to medium. . edible and has a strong onion flavor. . as well as from rooftop terraces.Drought tolerant . and likely to spread.The leaves have Flower:Ray and disk flowers which are white to pink. bears a single flowering stem. disk flowers range from 15 to 40 Leaf: Grayish green. showy flowers 26. cauline and more or less clasping. water need . nodding umbel of white or rose flowers. Flower:Mature into spherical crested fruits which later split open to reveal the dark shiny seeds.. and arranged spirally on the stems. Achilleamillefolium Asteraceae . with the leaves near the middle and bottom of the stem being the largest. . but may be prolonged by dividing the plant every other year. almost feathery. does not have bulblets in the inflorescence. bipinnate or tripinnate. . nodding clusters atop erect . which terminates in a downward Columbia south to Virginia and Kentucky and south in the mountains if the north wave ensures their visibility from the street at ground level. aromatic. and planting 12 to 18 inches Yarrow perennial plant that produces one to several stemsand has a rhizomatous growth form. Europe and western Asia. pink to lilac pink flowers which appear in loose.Flowering plant .drained soil .Adaptable to a wide variety of soils and growing conditions. Common yarrow is a weedy species and can become invasive. A vigorous ´weedµ whose cultivated relatives often outcompete many other species in the typical garden setting.Prefers well.Water regularly 0. forms dense apart.2 to 1m Leaf:5²20 cm long.Average.Leaves are evenly distributed along the stem. well-drained soil .Best in sandy loams keeled grass-like leaves.Leafless scapes rising slightly above the foliage. .Have an oniony smell when cut or bruised. li ke soft dainty ferns.Responds best to soil that is poorly developed and well drained .An erect herbaceous . and very finely dissected. generally 3 to 8 ray flowers that are ovate to round.Full sun. .

. rarely branched. clump-forming . elliptic. stout. sepals 3. gray. The well-drained soils and exposure to full sun on the north wave are ideal for this spiderwort. Fruits:Capsules. from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds Leaves:Alternate.varying degrees of hairiness spreading mats of lacy leaves from rhizomes that creep beneath the ground surface 27. linear-lanceolate. blue.Best grown in Leaf:Colorful. creamy yellow.Tolerant of poor soils 12-18 in. soft-hairy. (30cm-1m) Flower: not showy. glabrous or sparsely soft-hairy at base. rarely folded. pointed. Artemisia ludoviciana Asteraceae . (30-45 cm) Stems:Erect. acidic soils. rounded. margins sometimes purple.Full sun . 2 to 3 ft.The stems and foliage are covered in woolly . It is also effective in borders and Spiderwort herbaceous perennial . whose purple flowers bring aesthetic interest to the green roof plant community. fragrant. margins entire. well-drained soil . parallel veined. prominent placement therein. but many The dusty silver foliage and erect habit of thus grass add unique texture and color to the north wave meadow. but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for a Flowers:Stalks densely soft-hairy. petals 3. filaments densely bearded. three-petaled flowers accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up. 28. or rose. rock gardens. simple. very small flower head Native to North America where it is widespread coast to coast.Prefers moist. Tradescantiabracteata Commelinaceae .Rose to purple. dry to medium moisture. seeds 2-6. flattened. wild gardens or naturalized areas.A compact. purple. It is an interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens.Dry to medium water need . stamens 6. This drought-tolerant plant is well suited to . glabrous or sparsely hairy Native to the New World from southern Canada south to northern Argentina.A rhizomatous perennial herb Silver king .Full sun -Average.

lance-shaped leaves.Does not have milky-sapped stems.Favors dry. discoid flower heads appear in dense panicles at the stem . Plants form a bushy.Each small head is a cup of hairy phyllaries surrounding a center of yellowish disc florets in July. well-drained soils . dry soils . lance-shaped. Itsseed pods are valued in dried flower arrangements.Herbaceous perennial .The tiny yellowish-gray. sand or gravel soil. and using in dried arrangements: simply hang bunches upside-down in a warm dark room. meadows. dry to medium. or naturalized/native plant areas and also be effective in sunny borders. 2²5 inches across. lanceolate. aromatic subspecies are found only in the western United States gravely soil and competitive meadow conditions. it brings wildlife interest in addition to its ability to live Butterfly milkweed clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining .Average. silver-white. 24-36 in. alternate. Eastern and southern United States A showy native milkweed that thrives in dry soils with low organic content. well-drained soils . Leaf: Spirally arranged.Full sun . upright mound. It is nice for cutting.Forms a spreading clump of generally erect poor to moderately fertile. This is an outstanding silver-leaved perennial for any sunny border. are at the top of the flowering stem. provide a dark-green backdrop for the showy flower heads. pubescent and somewhat sage-like in appearance. and smooth on the edge.Drought tolerant . prairies. offering a bright orange inflorescence to the roof ·s color palette. among other strong plants.Hairy stems with narrow. Especially nice in tubs and containers with other perennials. dry to medium. pointed.Typically grows in a .gray or white hairs. but has also been reported on stream margins. .Does poorly in moist to wet soils where plants are susceptible to root rot. Asclepiastuberosa Apocynaceae . . 29. (60-90 cm) Flower: Clustered orange or yellow flowers. It is commonly used in Butterfly gardens. . with clusters of creamy flowers Stem: The top of the stem is occupied by a narrow inflorescence of many nodding flower heads.Does well in poor.

occur on the upper side of hairy stalks which arch out and downward creating a vase-shaped flower cluster. serving a didactic and aesthetic purpose. Leaf: Thin. medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Native to Western N. yellow. spindle-shaped seed pods (3-6" long) which split open when ripe releasing numerous silky-tailed seeds for dispersal b y the wind. coarsly-toothed.Flowers give way to prominent. gray-downy stems produce terminal. As it is easily recognized.Can be distinguished by its nodding head and stiffer pubescence..) Flower: Tiny flowers in plume-shaped clusters up to 6 inches tall. lance-shaped. it brings meadow analogies to the rooftop. .The stalk itself is covered witha fine down. Stem: Clumps of slender. one-sided. 6-30 in (1 1/2-2 ft. and ends in a plume-like cluster of yellow flowers. usually near the top of the plant. America This conspicuous inhabitant of native fields colonizes and establishes itself readily. and well-drained soil.Prefers light (sandy).Grow in full sun or in very light shade . Solidagonemoralis Asteraceae -Flowering prairie plant . Old field goldenrod . 30. yellow . and become broadest near their tips. and can grow in heavy clay soil -Requires dry or moist.

appear singly in loose clusters (cymes) Grow naturally in the southeastern United Numerous yellow blooms and vigorous growth characteristics make this well suited to the stresses of rooftop gardens.Dry to medium moisture. well-drained soils . (1-2m) Leaf: Mostly basal leaves 10-18 cm long. roadsides. Tennessee and Arkansas. dry soils. States from Maryland and Virginia to West Virginia. Coreopsis verticillata Asteraceae . yet elegant.Flowers are produced abundantly in loose. to northern . It is good to be a border planting which can be effective in naturalized areas.The foliage looks a little like that of cosmos .Flowers having dark purplish brown Black-eyed susan centers. . . drought and a Flower: Inflorescences 2 to 3 ft.Tolerant of heat. native plant gardens or cottage gardens. it is also a g ood plant for areas with poor. and south Florida. Rudbeckiahirta Asteraceae . However. covered by coarse hair.5 to 2 ft. thread leaf coreopsis. .Full sun. lance-shaped leaves Native to most of North America Central United States Usually inhabits waste -places.A coarse. 31. making the species well suited to harsh environments.Full sun. hairy. much-branched Thread-leaved tickseed. pot -of-gold perennial with three-parted threadlike leaves arranged in opposite pairs or in whorls of three. and dry fields. hairy. . daisy -like flowers with untoothed rays and darker yellow center disks .plumes that gives the per ennial a vase-shaped appearance Seed: Single(achenes) and have tufts of fine hair at the tips. open clusters on thin. Flower: Pale yellow. wiry stems 32. somewhat weedy plant that features -Average. whorled coreopsis.A bushy. well-drained soil . Leaf: Palmately 3-parted leaves with thread-like segments end a fine-textured and airy appearance to the plant 1.Tolerates heat. rough. Black-eyed . medium moisture. it displays a large composite flower similar to its commonly cultivated relatives but with the strength of a wild native. humidity and drought.

is toothed toward the apex or top half of the leaf. Fruit: Star-like. wildflower meadows. dark green and form a loose semi-evergreen mat. (15-30 cm) Stem: Unbranched. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden. orange follicl es 34. sometimes nostalgic and often cheri shed wildflower for naturalized areas. containers between ste pping stones or in Flower: Yellow. Sedum kamtschaticum Crassulaceae . 6-12 in. wide range of soils except poorly-drained wet ones. stone walls or as a ground cover on slopes or hills. used for dry areas in rock gardens. cottage gardens.Leaves look like a small Pachysandra terminalis. well-drained areas with full sun. Eastern Asia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across the substrate surface.A vigorous. bluntly serrated above the middle and variable in shape.daisy-like flowers with bright yellow to orange-yellow rays and domed. forming a dense groundcover in Kamtchaticum sedum. . evergreen .Part shade to full sun under 6 in. as an edging in a perennial border. measuring 5-8 cm in diameter (up to 15 cm in some cultivars). familiar. succulent. Native to the Caucasus region of The two-row stonecrop 'John Creech' is distinguished by its pink flowers. with yellow ray florets circling a brown.Full sun . evergreen. domed center of disc florets.Semi-evergreen perennial . Kamchatka Peninsula . small leaves. Sedum spurium´John Creechµ Crassulaceae . It is Leaves: Alternate. star-shaped wall niches.Flowers yellow. flat leaves with notched margins.Grow in well-drained soil of moderate fertility that is neutral to slightly alkaline. succulent. glossy dark green. 1/2 in. It is a vigorous. wide florets in flat terminal cymes of 6-10 florets. 33.Cactus and succulents . dark chocolate-brown center disks. (15 cm) Foliage:Rubbery-textured. susan is an old. robust . native plant gardens and borders. can be linear to spatulate(spoon shaped). evergreen perennial with trailing growth habit.

rounded. medium blue. dense green foliage. Eastern Europe nature and small.Needs well drained soil 60-120 cm Flower: Pale green. green white and lilac flower spikes.This low-branching succulent is easy to grow.A bulbous perennial with evergreen.Full sun to partial shade . medium green leaves. sword-shaped leaves and pale lavender flowers with yellow-orange crests and fringed edges on the petals underground shoots grows on roofs. evergreen. (30-45 cm) Root: roots- Rhizome that to or bulbous spreads grow new Native of China.Offsetting succulent.It sometimes growing in open forest edges and grasslands Orchid Iris. star-shaped flowers are borne on cone-shaped Native to the Canary islands It is pleasing to the eye. Iris japonica is a c ommon groundcover in many suburban areas. containers between stepping stones or in wall niches. 35. showy. This creeping. held in round corymbs garden ornamental primarily grown for its pretty succulent leaves. Aeoniumcanariense Crassulaceae . Nice little hardy.A variety of Iris with evergreen foliage that . Flower: Orange. short stem .Dry to normal water need .Part to full sun . and pleasing to the touch.Can thrive in poor soil . -Grow along the . flattened. star-shaped. Fringed iris.It looks great planted along south-facing stone walls or along the front a border. tolerant of dry shade. Iris fimbriata is used as groundcover in shaded area . . white/near white 36. variegated Iris with Foliage: stem. pink. it's pretty drought tolerant. .Excellent grow in the rock garden. Iris japonica Iridaceae .Average. pinks. white. As this suggests. succulent perennial isa popular evergreen to semi -evergreen Flower: Long lasting. well-drained soils.Mostly sand to clay loam .Two-row stonecrop perennial with a mat-forming growth habit .Toleratesheat and drought poisonous. dry to medium.Tolerant dry conditions 12-18 in. It can quickly form a dense mat of foliage by creeping stems that root at the nodes as they spread along the ground. yellow. poisonous. Canary Island aeonium. herbaceous.

sandy soil . giant velvet rose ground but the flowers stand up very tall. Portulacagrandiflora cultivars Portulacaceae -A prostrate herb with succulent leaves and stems . It is alsoused in hanging baskets orin Moss rose.Full or part shade moisture . Portulaca -A small. or the spaces between stepping stones. bright green Native to Argentina.Cactus andsucculents Perennial . rubbery-textured. pink.Well-drained soil Leaf: Alternate leaves cl ustered Adequate up to 40cm Stem:Smooth.Moss rose is often used as edging at the front of borders or in the cracks in a rock wall. Pigweed isedible and the fleshy leavesare sometimes flowersreadily used in and salads. 37. although it cannot be walked on. southern Brazil.Drought-tolerant spikes and can be massed as a groundcover. (15 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical and pointed at the tips . One drawback in .Preferable to provide cool shade during dormancy . on the stem tips.Loose rosettes of emerald green with dense hairs covering leaf surface.Prefer sandy or gravelly soils . Foliage:Evergreen. reddish. Cosmopolitan container gardening and widely grown in temperate climates as an ornamental plant for annual bedding. orange. and yellow. but fast-growing annual plant Flower: Rose-like. five petals.Dry. some are striped or spotted with contrasting colors. south facing slope. thick and fleshy. It's perfect for a hot. dry. arranged alternately or in small clusters . succulent.Drought tolerant . white. sticky leaves with dense white hairs on both surfaces. Pigweed habit with reddish stems arising from a .Full sunlight . red Widespread in all states except Tasmania.Regular watering under 6 in. Portulacaoleracea cultivars Portulacaceae .A widespread weed that hasa prostrate Purslane.Well-drained soils .velvet rose. . . and Uruguay and originates from the dryplains of South America Moss rose makes a beautiful ground cover in a dry or rocky area. variably red. mostly prostrate. and they open only during bright sunlight 38. It spreads rapidlythrough seed.

fleshy.singlerooting point . .Prostrate herb with fleshy. which opens when the seeds are ready.Full Sun .However it is not often cultivated as an ornamental species due to its invasive tendencies. 6 mm wide. reddish stems and thick. leaf blade terete-linear or subulate-lanceolate. Akulikuli. succulent leaves which are oval shaped and about 25 mm long.Withstand considerable drought. Flower: Red-purple. seeds are formed in a tiny pod. mat-forming with linear leaves and pink flowers variability during development. Pink Purslane. . succulent. alternate. Hairy Portulaca on the stems. five regular parts. at stem joints and ends . Root: taproot with fibrous secondary roots and is able to tolerate poor.Drought-tolerant. It exhibits morphologic The Kiss-Me-Quick. andcan be an eyesore. Portulacapilosa Portulacaceae -Has distinctive tufts of white shaggy hairs . dark green itsuse on green roofs is that itbehaves like an annual andwhen the plant dies. thesomewhat persistent barestems look like sticks stickingout from the substrate Flower:Yellow.Average Water Needs 1 to 6 inches (5-20 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical with red margins. plant appears to behave as an annual or weak perennial where it is common weeds of tended areas. It is common weeds at a glance. apex acute Native of America and its range extends from the southern United States and the Caribbean as far south as Brazil. borne in heads or fascicles but usually . succulent. open singly at the center of the leaf cluster for only a few hours on sunny mornings.Succulent prostrate herb. 39. Portulacapilosa is a highly variable species. compacted soils and drought. . thick and narrow. oval-shaped.

Seeds black. Flower: Small white flowers.Drought tolerant 3 to 4 ft. Embryo C-shaped.Well-drained soil . . stigma 3-6 -lobed. not articulated. diffuse and much branched. surrounded by involucre of 6-9 bracts and dense wool. Foliage: Opposite.Sun/part sun . deep green. Stem: Prostrate. leaf axils densely pilose. but it can be difficult to maintain. simple deep green leaves. densely caespitose. not fragrant. from India. . 1 to 1. Its tidy habit and long blooming period Serissa.Serissa also is used in front of foundations and in planter boxes.This plant is great for indoors.Has naturally small dark green leaves and rough interesting trunk.An evergreen shrub with oval. Fruit:A capsule 2-2.5 mm diam which dehisces along the equator like an operculum. the basal half densely clothed in white hairs.with only one flower open at any time. Serissafoetida ¶Snow Leaves· Synonym: Serissa japonica ¶Snow Leaves· Rubiaceae . suberect to erect. have an unpleasant smell if bruised. Asia. Style and stigma red. numerous.Average water . Yellow-rim . and China to Japan. succulent. 40.5" long. Native to open sub-tropical woodlands and wet meadows in southeast Serissa is one of the most popular of all bonsai subjects.

grass-like plant with a cluster of brown seed capsules clinging high on the stem .It will grow in shallow (3-4 ") water. . water margins and areas that experience some seasonal flooding 1 to 3 ft.Part shade to full shade . Native to Eastern United State This sedge is good for water gardens. black flower spikes 42.Full sun to part shade . gnarled trunk and frequent blooming make the little Serissa a favorite among bonsai enthusiasts. Flower: not showy.Rush or Sedge . small. Stem: Bearing greenish or brownish spikes of inconspicuous flowers Native to Central United States The easiest way to recognize this sedge is by it is distinctive elevated tussocks (dense tufts) in open wet areas. Foliage: Dark blue-green to blue-gray foliage with a powdery white underside. spreading by runners to form tufts .Beautiful green foliage. It grows abundantly. tolerating deeper water as it ages.Moist fertile soil 0. Carexstricta Cyperaceae . it is b est grown in mass for foliage effect in moist to wet areas including ones with standing water.exceeded by the stem in height sites.Spreads by rhizomes Tussock sedge to form large colonies.opposite leaves and rough. .funnel-shapedwith tubular calyces and 4-6spreading petal . grey trunk.Grows well in wet low spots. lobes borne singlyor in clusters make it an attractive hedge a nd edging plant.It is evergreen in all Black Sedge but the coldest climates.A slender. plant. The tiny evergreen leaves.75 ft. It is also a good selection for low spots. It works well when grown in mass plantings or as a specimen or accent Flower: Black flowers and seed heads are attractive through not showy. 41.Has many upright wiry stems that branch in all directions and form a wide bushy dome. Carexnigra Cyperaceae .5-0. stream/pond margins or areas with seasonal flooding and may be grown in a . yellow margin.Prefer moist to wet soils .Rush or Sedge . . Therefore. ground covers and rock gardens. often in seasonally flooded Leaf:Dense tufts of grass -like leaves.

very narrow. leaf blades mainly basal. Crinkled hair grass. 44. fine-textured Native to Eastern US Wavy hair grass is i deal in drifts at front of informal shady border and also good in a container. blue-green hair-like. Tussock sedge is an effective accent for smaller gardens and ground cover for shady areas. . Besides.A densely tufted perennial grass . The main use of this plant is as pasture for sheep on poor land where more valuable grasses cannot be successfully grown. (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen. rolled up in the bud and persist in this condition even when fully developed.Tolerates shady conditions variety of upland locations as long as soils are kept consistently moist. sharply-pointed but not prickly. Flower: Straw-colored flower heads.Sun to partial shade . Now.Flourish on dry and sterile ground where most other grasses cannot get a foothold under 6 in. 43. inconspicuous.It is sometimes used as a Sheep·sfescue blue fescue . Wavy hair grass .Forms slightly weeping loose tussocks . sometimes rhizomatous Flower: Clouds of hazy purple tinted flowers. it is ideal low growing plantings for woodland shade areas or dappled shade.Singular dense clumps . it is widely used in roof planting.Ground-hugging rounded clump -Shade or sun .Average water needs . flat.Ornamental Grasses and Bamboo . the panicles are both slightly feathery and a bit one-sided. yellow.. bristly appearance Native to Canada and some parts of United States the The green fine and softfoliage make Sheep·s fescue great as an accent plant. linear to setaceous . .Preferhumus rich damp / wet soil type .Drought andheat tolerant. alternate-arranged. Festucaovina 'var' Poaceae .Fine-textured drought-tolerant lawn grass.Perennial . tufted . folded or rolled.Tough and drought tolerant up to 50cm Foliage: Bright green. Deschampsiaflexuosa Poaceae .

The tufted nature is what gives the grass its springy characteristic. Good luck plant. but only the basal ones persist in that condition. and fills. Africa. 46. United States and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond.Perennial with long. Devil·s tongue. dwarf forms will work in subtropical . it is widely utilized climates in tropical and . and playgrounds. In addition. athletic fields. fibrous.Full sun to dense shade . plastic-textured succulent. It also helps in recreation and beautification which is used as a turf for lawns. bright green. Motherresemble a succulent or cacti . banks.Needs regular water in the low desert areas. medicinal andculinary. Red fescue is an excellent soil binder and used extensively for stabilizing waterways. the outer glume of the flower has an longer awn Native to theCalifornia. undulatingsword-shaped. from the joints of which the over ground stems and shoots arise. the spike-lets. golf courses. making it less palatable to livestock.Shrub-like clumps that more closely Snake plant. Sansevieriatrifasciata Agavaceae . cuts.Stem: Numerous and slender. Red Fescue is a very smooth and texturedplant with splashes of red andgreen. and from eight to twenty-four inches high. Native to South Snake plant is typically utilized as an accent. each of which contains 4-6 flowers. .Has sub-species forms that have rhizomes and forms tufts . foundation plant or in mass plantings. are variously coloured but often reddish-brown. Festucarubra Poaceae . be flat when developed except in very dry.underground Red fescue rootstocks. It is useful in l andscaping. -Full sun to light shade. creeping. white. slopes. green. rolled up in the bud.2-20 cm Flower:In a panicle as it is larger and often a little nodding. Little water everywhere else Leaf: Narrow and needle like. Great as an accent plantfor green roof.Drought-tolerant 30-200cm Foliage:Glossy. linear-lanceolate. hot weather. surrounded at their base with numerous secondary shoots 45. one of the most shade resistant lawn grasses . more or less angular. wiry.

fine chive-like foliage Native to the Rio de la Plata region of South America including Argentina and Uruguay but also native to Paraguay and Chile. patio containers. Besides. It is ideal for rock gardens and for tucking into groundcovers. basal leaves . it is ideal planted as both pot or container and border edging colour.in-law·s-tongue.Clump-forming perennial with glossy green. tubularand are borne on loose raceme-like space Sansevieriaspp. not ornamental.showy. . leaves.Partial shade to full sun . Fruit: An orange to orange-red.Has a habit of closing up its fragrant petals at night. Stem:Leaves originate from small one to six-leaved rosettes on rhizomatous stems. or roof-top gardens.Pleasantly coarse textured . 152-254 mm (6-10 inches) Leaf: Deep glossy green.A clump-forming bulbous perennial Autumn Zephyrlily. sometimes escapescultivation. Snake Sansevieria than a garden perennial .narrow. Whether grown in containers or in the landscape they make . 47. one to three-seededberry. or yellow. narrow.Tolerate wet soils .The rush-like leaves will reach 12 inches (30 cm) in containers or as landscape plants.Sand to clay loam soil Flower:Shiny pure white flowers tinged pink inside that look like crocuses . are favorites for coastal landscapes in tropical regions. further mnorthSansevieria spp. 3 mm wide. and flowers areused for arrangements in the floral industry. Fairy lily. margins are entire and tips acuminate. greenish white to white flowers. White rain lily plant .cup shaped white and sometimes flushed rose blooms. globose.An evergreen herbaceous perennial. Rain Lily is especially valuable as a groundcover planted under deciduous trees in light shade . whole plants. are utilized in interiorscapes. Flower: Fragrant. deadhead spend flowers.Moist well-drained soil . Zephyranthes candida Amaryllidaceae . rock gardens.

.a showy fall floral display.

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