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GOH LING NI
-Pinnate compound leaves 4-12 in
- Sun to Partial Shade - Average Water Needs - Prefers rich moist soil but is adaptable to less than optimal situations.
20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
North America southeastern and
Vigorous dense creeping foliage and ornate floral displays; provides shade and wildlife interest to the staircase shaft trellisIt is best used in woodland gardens and natural areas where it has space to grow. It will quickly cover fences and other structures . Trumpet creeper is one of the best plants for attracting hummingbirds to your yard as it produces quantities of nectar rich blossoms all summer long.
(10.2-30.5 cm) long that cover the vine in a dense cloak of bright green foliage -7-15 oval leaflets that have serrated edges
Flower: Showy clusters of yellow orange to red trumpet-shaped flowers
Gulf Coast region of the United States
- Deciduous tree - Crooked, spreading
- Good in dry, rocky areas - Full sun to mostly shade - Prefers acidic, well-drained soil
3.5²5.5 m (11²18ft.)
Leaf: Alternate arrangement, deciduous,odd-pinnately compound, ovate-shaped, dark green
In the eastern US from southeastern Maine, west to Michigan, and south to Texas and Florida
Tall slender stems display tufts of foliage and flower panicles high above the roof terraces, insuring visibility at street level. Flame poor sumac soils pioneers and and
Flame sumac Shining Sumac or Winged Sumac
Flower dioeciousgreenish-yellow flowers
flame-red fall color. Its showy fall foliage provides an added benefit. Winged sumac grows well in urban areas where air pollution, poor drainage and
Fruit hairy, red drupe borne in terminal panicles showy
compacted soil prevent most small trees from surviving. It is used in buffer strips, highway projects. medians and reclamation
bringing aesthetic interest to the staircase shaft plant community. dry.New Jersey tea. and Stem: red-brown to grey west to Minnesota potpourri.Irregular crown and Fragrant sumac dense . trifoliate.Sandy or rocky soil conspicuous in native meadows and garden beds. Fruits may be eaten raw. and fernlike.5 m Foliage:Deciduous Native to eastern North America. dehiscent. digestive problems. Seeds : in bur like heads. but a low. similar to the growing substrate installed on the staircase shaft. Jersey tea ceanothus Fruit:Dry. sandy or gravelly soils 1.Deciduous shrub . spleen pain and as a sedative . fragrant and hairy southern Quebec south to the extreme north of Georgia.Shrub. having many thin branches. around 2 m Leaf: Alternate arrangement. or similar untreed areas . Ceanothusamericanus Buckthorn (Rhamnaceae) . grow in clumpy.Prefers acidic.inflorescences on lengthy. seed capsules banks or lakeshores. Comptoniaperegrina Myricaceae . Rhusaromatica Anacardiaceae .3.Leaves are used for Sweet fern rhizomatous shrub Leaves: simple. burlish. .The root is astringent due to its tannin content and contains an alkaloid that lowers blood pressure New Jersey tea. whooping cough. bronchitis. and on gentle slopes. 4. with four per fruit 5. acid. and the fresh leaves are used as a lining in fruit baskets to help preserve the fruits. alternate. -Root system is thick with fibrous root hairs close to the surface -Stout.Not a fern. and tea made from the leaves has been used to relieve symptoms of Flowers: catkins clustered a t ends of the branches dysentery. deciduous. deciduous. axillary peduncles. woody roots that reach deep into the earth -Dry plains. from This East Coast native can be found growing in sandy soils and dry hillsides with low organic content. Tea made from its roots isdrank to relieve toothache. glossy dark green Native to eastern United States Large colonies offer brilliant scarlet fall color in their native environment along limestone cliffs and rocky bluffs of the . asthma. ovate-shaped. North America It can often be located in forest clearings or verges.Full sun to mostly shade . 18²42 in Flower: white. on The snowball-like floral display is prairies.Well-drained.
24-26°C (75-78°F) . borne mostly solitary bloom form Native to eastern North America A rugged rose well suited to meadows. roadsides. Fruit: Showy . Hylotelephiumtelephioides summer-green to winter-red foliage. alternate . Rose hip skin used as treatment for upset stomach . and it has introduced populations in Ontario 8. red drupe 6. becoming a conspicuous element in the neighborhood rooftop topography. provides a distinctjagged texture year-round to the south wave.Suckers well-drained soil Flowers: dioeciously yellow flowers Chesapeake Watershed. Sedum telephioides.Perennial. . linear. sandy Leaf:Alternate arrangement.Medium to wet 90-185 cm Flower: Pink.Sun -Humus.Dicot . sometimes with red veins. armed with thorns / prickles .Medium. . entire or sparingly toothed. yellow petals.Mesic-dry soil . and wilder gardens.Full sun . average diameter 2".brancheshaveascendi ng tips .5 to 7 leaflets. or three-lobed leaves . strong fragrance. Rosa Carolina Rosaceae . loam. Sedum stenopetalum Crassulaceae . making it well-suited to exposed conditions. linear or narrowly 20 cm Flower: Short inflorescence. deciduous Allegheny stonecrop erect stems Leaf:Oblong or oval. Fruit: hairy.Full sun to shade 6 to12in (15-30 cm) Fruit: Pod Flowers: Pale pink Native range extends from Georgia to Illinois and New York.A succulent plant producing mats or Worm leaf stonecrop clumps of lance-shaped.A herbaceous plant with succulent stems. 5 petals.A shrub in the rose family Pasture rose . the thick foliage creates a green cap over the staircase shaft. Native to western North America from British Columbia and Alberta to northern California to Wyoming The seasonal transition from A rare native that does well on exposed rock outcrops as well as gardens and landforms that are the analogs of the ASLA green roof ·s south wave on terra firma. make jelly and tea 7. Crassulaceae .Regular water . punctuated by yellow floral blooms in mid-summer.
Full sun or shade . silver/gray succulent North Asia The conical arrangement of the flower spike and whorled silvery leaves add a curious texture to the low-growing Sedum boehmeri.Perennialherb linear-lanceolate and strongly keeled or nerved on the upper surface. oval. edges.Low-growing stonecrop that . It grows well grows well near water gardens or ponds . average moist.. well-drained areas with full sun. dark green leaves Stonecrop spreads by trailing stems to form an attractive ground cover.Drought tolerant .Flowers appear on reddish stems rising above the thick. crooked or worm-like. Sedum floriferum ´Weihenstephaner Goldµ Crassulaceae .Prefers well-drained. bronze-orange flowers mass planting. 10. triangular. evergreen . . heat & 0. rosette of rough.17 .Drought. yellow-tinted.Average Water Needs . Sedum sexangulare Crassulaceae . may slightly turn Native to Kamchatka. 11. Hardy Duncecap Flower: White sedum plant palette of the south wave.33 Leaf: Six spiral rows of small Native to Europe and A beautiful and tough sedum brings . Hence. succulent green leaves sharply toothed near the ends.Succulent .15 cm) Foliage: serrated Blue-green. Orostachysboehmeri Crassulaceae . it is an excellent selection for difficult sites such as banks and rocky areas. Siberia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across forming a the substrate surface. with sharply pointed tips. yellow.Succulent . It can be a good container plant and also the Flower: White. (15 cm) Foliage: Grown for foliage.Cactus . It also can be used as a container plant. dense groundcover in slightly red.Full Sun .0. 9. clusters of star-shaped. dry soil 4-6 in (10 .Heat Tolerant under 6 in.Perennial.
Flat clusters of small starry white to pinkish flowers appear from late spring into summer.Drought-tolerant . succulent. (15-30 cm) Foliage:The cylindrical to spherical leaves are pale to dark green and sometimes red-flushed. It isnice in a rock garden and for planting in green roofs or in rock walls.Ground covers humidity tolerant . well-drained soils . North Africa. dark mahogany-leaved Stem: Creeping.Dry to Normalwater range ft.Well-drained soil. evergreen Watch chain sedum Stonecrop Tasteless perennial with mat-forming growth habit .Vigorous. When young and small the leaves are green.Full Sun . Sedum spurium´Voodooµ Crassulaceae .Some Sand to Some Clay . Sedums are excellent grown in the rock Flower: Yellow. 13. 'Voodoo' is a creeping evergreen sedum. (15 cm) Foliage:EvergreenSucculent. forming lush green mats of small succulent leaves Flower: White. particularly for hot.Creeping evergreen perennial is a verdant . silvery or mi d green leaves Asia. Voodoo Stonecrop -A low-growing. but tolerates a wide range of conditions. containers between stepping stones or in wall nich es. It is an excellent groundcover plant. Sedum album ´Muraleµ Crassulaceae . Native to rocky areas of Europe.Average. dry to medium moisture. and West Asia This drought-tolerant evergreen sedum forms a spreading mat of rounded leaves and stalks.. sprawling. spoon shaped. cactus and succulents . Prized for the colors of its leaves and stems. dry sites. Thick. branching edges. Stem: Fleshy bearing terminal rosettes of stiff 12. 6-12 in.Tolerates some under 6 in.Full Sun . showy. At full size they are overlain with gray and blend to maroon at the Two-row stonecrop. obovate.Perennials. Light Pink.Part shade to full sun . intricate texture to the plant palette and the reliability of a tried -and-true green roof plant ( also planted on terrace) .Drought-tolerant. It thrives in full sun. The stems are maroon too and . . mat-forming. star shaped 1/2 inch across garden. cylindrical leaves. dark maroon-red leaves are toothed near the ends Native to western Eurasia. White stonecrop groundcover for sandy or gravelly soils in sun.
found along the margins of mature segments.Thrive in full sun . succulent and can be green. red. rose-red flowers bloom in four-branched inflorescences rise to a uniform height. . purple or yellow. It is best when planted in groups or massed as a ground cover. Sempervivumtectorum Crassulaceae . .Cacti and other succulent Flower: Purple.Intolerant of shade Up to 2 ft. which Flower: Tiny.Mat-forming .Perennial . . It is useful in mixed borders and natural areas. It thrives in rock gardens and containers. evergreen. Opuntiahumifusa Cactaceae . enriching the planting with horticultural allegory and providing a radiating texture to the Hens and chicks succulents that produce clusters of rosettes. appear on branched stalks. . making the plant a tidy groundcover of unusual color. they run on the ground.Well-drained soil.Sandy or gravelly soils stems root at the nodes. it is an evergreen succulent with a mat forming growth habit. (8-10 in) Stem: Greenflattened and formed of segments.Well-drained soil. light shade . (15 cm) Leaf:In a basal rosette. Eastern Prickly Pear or Indian Fig roots -Mostly spineless or may have 1-2 whitish-brown spines along the edges Flower:Yellow to gold.Dry to medium water need . Native to the mountains of southern Europe The ´house leeksµ are an ancient group of green roof plants. star-shaped.A prostrate spreading cactus with fibrous . star-shaped plant palette. waxy and sometimes have red centers its brilliant yellow flowers and meandering pads are most effective at the front of mixed plantings.Tolerates poor soils and some drought under 6 in.Besides that. 15. so they are mostly hidden below the leaves.Full sun to partial shade .stonecrop or sedum that is commonly grown as a ground cover.red or pink. Hardy prickly pear is low-growing and Prickly pear cactus. 14. barbed bristles are found around the surfaces of the segments Native cactus found in most of eastern North America The showy yellow flower and unique form bring an untamed curiousness to the crest of the south wave. It is an old time favorite used in concrete planters on either side of the front entry and great in window boxes or niches.
lance-shaped basal leaves with smaller paired stem leaves.Fruit:Juicy and edible red fruits measure from 3 -5 cm. spreading.Average.Herbaceous when young. that bristle with sharp spines. at foundations. the abundant flowers Moss phlox. . tolerates rocky soils and hot areas. Silenecaroliniana Caryophyllaceae . Phlox subulata Polemoniaceae -Creeper . 0. (4-10 in) Flower: Loose clusters of rose-pink flowers with five spreading wedge-shaped petals Native to Eastern ¢ral North America This species thrives in sandy to rocky soils in full sun with afternoon shade. dry to medium moisture.Dry to medium water need . five-petaled flowers bloom in rose. 16. or pink Native to North America A vigorous. needle-like.Full sun and . with its subtle north-facing slope.Semi-evergreen . Foliage: Oblong.75 to 1 ft. mat-forming phlox that thrives in well -drained soils with good sun exposure. 17. the pulp is ruby red and tastes a little like watermelon. well-drained.Found in dry or open Wild pink forest or woodland clearings.2 cm) long. along paths. This spring-flowering accent groundcoveris commonly found in rock gardens. It is best in rock gardens and may be grown in border fronts and wildflower or native plant gardens. neutral to slightly alkaline pH soils 6 in Flower: Small. either linear or awl -shaped (linear with a slightly swollen base). flattened pads 2-6 in (5. similar to summer condition s found on the south wave. Moss Pink. blue. white. -Full sun to part shade .Prefers moist. offer a red-purple color to the rooftop palette. and at the edge of beds or low walls . Mountain Phlox perennial or short semi-evergreen groundcover . but semi-woody with age Foliage: Evergreen to semi-evergreen. well-drained soils Leaf: Tufts of narrow. opposite to clustered on the stemsand densely arranged.Perennial forb/herb .1-15. mauve.
Groundcovers.A great ´parking lot plantµ.Brilliant yellow single flowers are . Jenny's Stonecrop and Prick-madam softer tissue .Groundcover. spreading on the ground produces attractive cactus-like form. three-sided rocky screes on mountainsides where conditions are both cold and dry 19. Basutoland Hardy Ice Plant. 10 cm (5 in) Flower: Yellow Origin: Europe A strong.Grows in small bushes. Foliage:Evergreen. Foliage: Bluish-green (spruce colored) linear. Grow well in full sun and well-drained substrates (also planted on terraces).Modern gardeners love the bright hues and neat habit of this adaptable succulent. low-growing plant forms a mat of gray-blue foliage and is well reputed Spruce-leaved stonecrop. It will also thrive in crevices between rock walls.Good drainage . smooth-textured. Golden Ice Plant plentiful . Sedum rupestre Crassulaceae . .Drought tolerant 2-4 in (15 cm) Flower: Golden yellow. this mat-forming Ice plant.Bright green jellybean foliage spreads to form solid mats . with irregular curves .glabrous bluish-green leaves erect along the stems for seeking out nooks and crannies in the garden. but with . . stone troughs.Partial to full sun . chartreuse/yellow.Watering. This is an extra vigorous form of the golden iceplant that tends to flowe r longer than the wild-type form. Plant it in broad shallow containers. Delospermanubigenum ´Basutolandµ Aizoaceae . Sedum reflexum.18.Naturally inhabits A fast-growing member of the green roof planting. rock gardens or pebbly sunny border edges. perennials succulent with showy flowers is well suited to rooftop conditions. Reflexed Stonecrop. easy to grow in the toughest situations. 1/2" fleshy needle-like foliage forms a whorl around the stem. daisy-like Native of eastern South Africa . making it an excellent plant for coverage and filling tight areas (also planted on terraces). Blue Stonecrop. succulent.Full sun .Resembling spruce branches.
horizontally colonizing. rocks and glades.Prefer dry conditions. variegated. Western Asia The red. foliage of this tough of sedum greens break among the the Two-Row stonecrop rosy-red flowers. perennial. flattened. poisonous. and soil that is rocky. or sandy. 21. semi-evergreen homogeny spurium-type ground covers.A Missouri native perennial which most Fameflower Rock Pink often occurs in rocky soils.Full Sun . contrasting against green leaves with bronzy-maroon highlights. succulent.cactus/succulent 20.5-0. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden. pink. rounded. glabrous. 5-8 petaled flowers in cymes atop leafless stems .Full sun to light shade . 22. held in round corymbs wall niches(also planted on terraces). it survives drought by storing water within its leaves. 5-8 petaled Leaf:Up to 3" long. opposite leaves. showy. rose. . blanketing the ground and even climbing vertical surfaces where happy.Full sun.Intolerant of competition from tall aggressive plants Flower: Pink tored. loam. .Ornamental grasses and bamboo .Herbaceous. star-shaped. surrounded by finger-like leaves. (45-60 cm) Lea:Classy green leaves. obovate. this stonecrop works well as a groundcover or wall plant.Average Water under 6 in.Growing in large colonies in the wild. leaf margin incised. light green. mostly basal Native to United States The inflorescences of this low-growing grass bring a light. and succulent Tropical America Well-suited to rocky soils and full sun. bronzy -red leaves Eastern Europe. Stem: Branch occasionally. gravelly. to 3/4 inch wide. (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen.Tolerant infertile.Features pink to red. 18-24 in. Eragrostisspectabilis Poaceae .Drought-tolerant . sand soil .Well Drained. Sedum spurium´Fuldaglutµ Crassulaceae -Mat-forming species forms a carpet of .75 ft. containers between stepping stones or in Flower: red. . cloud-like texture . green to blue-gray and glabrous 0. . the beautiful purple flowers and slender succulent leaves are curious additions to the roof ·s terraces. coral. The perfect plant for a rock garden or xeric planting.A rock garden favorite. Talinumcalycinum Portulacaceae . adding a slight verticality to the terrace texture (also planted on terraces). .
Ground covers. Grass: Herbs with cylindrical. perennials Stem:Composed of solids joints. . In late summer the fine -textured. green. It looks good in containers and can be grown as a water conserving lawn when mowed to a 2 inch height. jointed flowering stems (culms). purpled sprays of flowers and seeds. with leaf Blue grama grass veins typically parallel to one another .Narrow grasslike foliage. on a central stem. makingBlue grama a natural choice for meadow gardens. and Midwest states to Mexico The unique inflorescence of this drought-tolerant grass is suspended horizontally from the tip of the flower stalk. and its tough foliage tolerates dry soils with low organic content in full sun. 15²30 cm Flower: Green to purple. stiff inflorescence appears like reddish -purple clouds hovering at ground level. Nodes are the points of attachment for leaves . bringing aesthetic interest to the roofs plant community. . separated by segments called internodes. tiny flowers aggregated into highly modified clusters.Purple lovegrass .Drought tolerant. . Short-grass prairies of North America are dominated by Bouteloua species. ornamental grasses and bamboos. Great Plains.Most commonly found from Alberta east to Manitoba and south across the Rocky Mountains. hollow between the joints 23. flower and seeds are borne in spikes.Dry to normal water range . racemes or panicles.Some sand to some clay soil .Perennials .yield burgundy-red seeds.Dappled to full sun Foliage: Deciduous.Fluffy clouds of bronze-red inflorescences sandy and poor soils in full sun . the leaf margins are most often smooth. Boutelouagracilis Poaceae . Native to dry plains of central North America . called nodes.Average water Flower: Pretty reddish to with a hint of purple to the roof palette.Produces curious inflorescences suspended horizontally like tiny brushes from the top of each flowering stem. pendent. nodding.
it may appear stiffer than usual. Native Asia America to and Europe. lady's leek leaves . Clumps can also be divided. Its group. Allium cernuum Alliaceae .Full sun to part shade . plantings of this perennial bulb on the street side Nodding onion. up to 50 cm long. Bulb: An unsheathed slender conic bulb which gradually tapers directly into several native to North America from New York to British A native onion relative that displays inflorescences on long stalks..Make a neat clump of bright grassy leaves to about a foot high. Flower: Pale purple.Features clumps of flat. although. and 2²3 mm in diameter.Easily identified by itsdistinctive curved ´comblikeµ seedheads 24. with a soft texture.The plant is hardy. narrow. Allium schoenoprasum Alliaceae . . produced in a dense inflorescence of 10-30 together Seed: In a small three-valved capsule 25. perennial. rich in organic matter .Make useful flowers for a border . .Full sun to part shade Leaf: Hollow tubular.Dry to medium 1 to 1. It is Also effective as an ornamental (leaves may still be harvested) in rock gardens or border fronts and may be grown in pots. grass-like .A bulb-forming herbaceous perennial Chive plant. emergence of a flower from a leaf.5 ft. fragrant star-shaped with six petals. and self-seeds readily. with numerous rounded heads of mauve flowers . and grow in dense clusters from the roots. prior to the 1 to 1. North An incredible drought-tolerant bulb that brightens the north wave with reliable green foliage and large purple inflorescence that provides aesthetic and wildlife benefits. mass or use as an edger in herb gardens and vegetable gardens.Thrive in welldrained soil.5 ft. (30²50 cm) Bulb: Slender conical. 2²3 cm long and 1 cm broad.
Responds best to soil that is poorly developed and well drained . aromatic. li ke soft dainty ferns.Water regularly 0.Leafless scapes rising slightly above the foliage.drained soil .The leaves have Flower:Ray and disk flowers which are white to pink. . . edible and has a strong onion flavor. nodding clusters atop erect . which terminates in a downward Columbia south to Virginia and Kentucky and south in the mountains if the north wave ensures their visibility from the street at ground level. . A vigorous ´weedµ whose cultivated relatives often outcompete many other species in the typical garden setting.Prefers well. generally 3 to 8 ray flowers that are ovate to round. and likely to spread.Leaves are evenly distributed along the stem. cauline and more or less clasping.Flowering plant . forms dense apart. bipinnate or tripinnate.Adaptable to a wide variety of soils and growing conditions. Europe and western Asia. disk flowers range from 15 to 40 Leaf: Grayish green. as well as from rooftop terraces. .2 to 1m Leaf:5²20 cm long. water need . The plant has a relatively short life. bears a single flowering stem.Best in sandy loams keeled grass-like leaves. almost feathery. nodding umbel of white or rose flowers. dry to medium. Flower:Mature into spherical crested fruits which later split open to reveal the dark shiny seeds. Common yarrow is a weedy species and can become invasive. showy flowers 26.Drought tolerant .Average. but may be prolonged by dividing the plant every other year. . with the leaves near the middle and bottom of the stem being the largest. and planting 12 to 18 inches Yarrow perennial plant that produces one to several stemsand has a rhizomatous growth form. does not have bulblets in the inflorescence. and very finely dissected. Native to the Northern Hemisphere.An erect herbaceous .. .Tiny bell-shaped. well-drained soil . pink to lilac pink flowers which appear in loose.Full sun.Have an oniony smell when cut or bruised. and arranged spirally on the stems. Achilleamillefolium Asteraceae .
whose purple flowers bring aesthetic interest to the green roof plant community. stout. linear-lanceolate. 2 to 3 ft. clump-forming .Full sun .Prefers moist. creamy yellow. simple.Rose to purple. but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for a Flowers:Stalks densely soft-hairy.Tolerant of poor soils 12-18 in. acidic soils. Tradescantiabracteata Commelinaceae .varying degrees of hairiness spreading mats of lacy leaves from rhizomes that creep beneath the ground surface 27. margins entire. The well-drained soils and exposure to full sun on the north wave are ideal for this spiderwort. It is also effective in borders and Spiderwort herbaceous perennial . three-petaled flowers accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up. well-drained soil . or rose. rock gardens. from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds Leaves:Alternate. stamens 6. rounded.Dry to medium water need . glabrous or sparsely hairy Native to the New World from southern Canada south to northern Argentina. (30-45 cm) Stems:Erect. rarely branched. (30cm-1m) Flower: not showy. but many The dusty silver foliage and erect habit of thus grass add unique texture and color to the north wave meadow.Best grown in Leaf:Colorful. margins sometimes purple. It is an interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens. wild gardens or naturalized areas. very small flower head Native to North America where it is widespread coast to coast. rarely folded. blue.The stems and foliage are covered in woolly . pointed. seeds 2-6. prominent placement therein. purple. glabrous or sparsely soft-hairy at base. flattened. elliptic. Fruits:Capsules. This drought-tolerant plant is well suited to . 28. fragrant. parallel veined.Full sun -Average.A compact. Artemisia ludoviciana Asteraceae . filaments densely bearded. petals 3. soft-hairy. gray. sepals 3.A rhizomatous perennial herb Silver king . dry to medium moisture. .
sand or gravel soil. 29.Average. well-drained soils .Hairy stems with narrow. This is an outstanding silver-leaved perennial for any sunny border.Drought tolerant . upright mound.The tiny yellowish-gray. 24-36 in. are at the top of the flowering stem.gray or white hairs. but has also been reported on stream margins. lanceolate.Does poorly in moist to wet soils where plants are susceptible to root rot. lance-shaped.Each small head is a cup of hairy phyllaries surrounding a center of yellowish disc florets in July. Eastern and southern United States A showy native milkweed that thrives in dry soils with low organic content.Does not have milky-sapped stems. dry to medium. and using in dried arrangements: simply hang bunches upside-down in a warm dark room. well-drained soils . aromatic subspecies are found only in the western United States gravely soil and competitive meadow conditions. with clusters of creamy flowers Stem: The top of the stem is occupied by a narrow inflorescence of many nodding flower heads. Plants form a bushy. meadows. prairies. It is commonly used in Butterfly gardens. dry to medium. discoid flower heads appear in dense panicles at the stem . Especially nice in tubs and containers with other perennials.Does well in poor.Favors dry. Itsseed pods are valued in dried flower arrangements. Leaf: Spirally arranged. alternate. . among other strong plants. and smooth on the edge.Herbaceous perennial . . dry soils . it brings wildlife interest in addition to its ability to live Butterfly milkweed clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining . . offering a bright orange inflorescence to the roof ·s color palette. (60-90 cm) Flower: Clustered orange or yellow flowers. pointed. lance-shaped leaves. provide a dark-green backdrop for the showy flower heads. or naturalized/native plant areas and also be effective in sunny borders.Full sun . It is nice for cutting. silver-white.Typically grows in a .Forms a spreading clump of generally erect poor to moderately fertile. pubescent and somewhat sage-like in appearance. 2²5 inches across. Asclepiastuberosa Apocynaceae .
medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. 30. 6-30 in (1 1/2-2 ft. yellow .. As it is easily recognized. gray-downy stems produce terminal. spindle-shaped seed pods (3-6" long) which split open when ripe releasing numerous silky-tailed seeds for dispersal b y the wind. Native to Western N.Flowers give way to prominent. Solidagonemoralis Asteraceae -Flowering prairie plant .Grow in full sun or in very light shade . occur on the upper side of hairy stalks which arch out and downward creating a vase-shaped flower cluster.Can be distinguished by its nodding head and stiffer pubescence.The stalk itself is covered witha fine down. coarsly-toothed. lance-shaped. and ends in a plume-like cluster of yellow flowers. Stem: Clumps of slender.) Flower: Tiny flowers in plume-shaped clusters up to 6 inches tall. serving a didactic and aesthetic purpose. . it brings meadow analogies to the rooftop. one-sided. America This conspicuous inhabitant of native fields colonizes and establishes itself readily. yellow. and become broadest near their tips. and well-drained soil. usually near the top of the plant.Prefers light (sandy). and can grow in heavy clay soil -Requires dry or moist. Leaf: Thin. Old field goldenrod .
medium moisture. However. Coreopsis verticillata Asteraceae . making the species well suited to harsh environments. it displays a large composite flower similar to its commonly cultivated relatives but with the strength of a wild native. Black-eyed .Flowers are produced abundantly in loose.Flowers having dark purplish brown Black-eyed susan centers.The foliage looks a little like that of cosmos . Leaf: Palmately 3-parted leaves with thread-like segments end a fine-textured and airy appearance to the plant 1. whorled coreopsis.plumes that gives the per ennial a vase-shaped appearance Seed: Single(achenes) and have tufts of fine hair at the tips. and south Florida. drought and a Flower: Inflorescences 2 to 3 ft. States from Maryland and Virginia to West Virginia.A bushy. . (1-2m) Leaf: Mostly basal leaves 10-18 cm long.A coarse. open clusters on thin. 31. to northern .Full sun. appear singly in loose clusters (cymes) Grow naturally in the southeastern United Numerous yellow blooms and vigorous growth characteristics make this well suited to the stresses of rooftop gardens. well-drained soils . somewhat weedy plant that features -Average. roadsides. it is also a g ood plant for areas with poor. rough. Flower: Pale yellow. much-branched Thread-leaved tickseed. hairy. Rudbeckiahirta Asteraceae .Full sun. hairy. . well-drained soil .5 to 2 ft. Tennessee and Arkansas. covered by coarse hair. wiry stems 32. dry soils. . It is good to be a border planting which can be effective in naturalized areas.Dry to medium moisture. native plant gardens or cottage gardens. daisy -like flowers with untoothed rays and darker yellow center disks . thread leaf coreopsis. yet elegant.Tolerates heat. pot -of-gold perennial with three-parted threadlike leaves arranged in opposite pairs or in whorls of three. lance-shaped leaves Native to most of North America Central United States Usually inhabits waste -places.Tolerant of heat. humidity and drought. . and dry fields.
Cactus and succulents . . dark green and form a loose semi-evergreen mat.Semi-evergreen perennial . robust .Grow in well-drained soil of moderate fertility that is neutral to slightly alkaline. is toothed toward the apex or top half of the leaf. used for dry areas in rock gardens. wildflower meadows. Kamchatka Peninsula . wide florets in flat terminal cymes of 6-10 florets. Native to the Caucasus region of The two-row stonecrop 'John Creech' is distinguished by its pink flowers.Part shade to full sun under 6 in. glossy dark green. stone walls or as a ground cover on slopes or hills. with yellow ray florets circling a brown. succulent. It is Leaves: Alternate. flat leaves with notched margins. star-shaped wall niches. evergreen. 33.A vigorous. forming a dense groundcover in Kamtchaticum sedum. orange follicl es 34. Eastern Asia A low-growing sedum spreads trailing stems across the substrate surface. (15 cm) Foliage:Rubbery-textured. Sedums are excellent grown in the rock garden. Sedum spurium´John Creechµ Crassulaceae . familiar. 6-12 in. can be linear to spatulate(spoon shaped). evergreen perennial with trailing growth habit. Fruit: Star-like. native plant gardens and borders. measuring 5-8 cm in diameter (up to 15 cm in some cultivars). (15-30 cm) Stem: Unbranched. as an edging in a perennial border. susan is an old. succulent. It is a vigorous. evergreen .Full sun . Sedum kamtschaticum Crassulaceae . sometimes nostalgic and often cheri shed wildflower for naturalized areas. dark chocolate-brown center disks. wide range of soils except poorly-drained wet ones.daisy-like flowers with bright yellow to orange-yellow rays and domed. containers between ste pping stones or in Flower: Yellow. cottage gardens. bluntly serrated above the middle and variable in shape.Flowers yellow. well-drained areas with full sun.Leaves look like a small Pachysandra terminalis. small leaves. domed center of disc florets. 1/2 in.
35. Flower: Orange.Toleratesheat and drought poisonous.Dry to normal water need . pinks. Aeoniumcanariense Crassulaceae . succulent perennial isa popular evergreen to semi -evergreen Flower: Long lasting.Part to full sun . well-drained soils. green white and lilac flower spikes.Tolerant dry conditions 12-18 in.Needs well drained soil 60-120 cm Flower: Pale green.Mostly sand to clay loam . short stem . sword-shaped leaves and pale lavender flowers with yellow-orange crests and fringed edges on the petals underground shoots grows on roofs. Iris japonica Iridaceae .Full sun to partial shade . Iris fimbriata is used as groundcover in shaded area . star-shaped flowers are borne on cone-shaped Native to the Canary islands It is pleasing to the eye. Iris japonica is a c ommon groundcover in many suburban areas. Fringed iris. -Grow along the .Two-row stonecrop perennial with a mat-forming growth habit . Canary Island aeonium. It can quickly form a dense mat of foliage by creeping stems that root at the nodes as they spread along the ground.Average.Excellent grow in the rock garden. tolerant of dry shade.This low-branching succulent is easy to grow. Nice little hardy. medium green leaves. evergreen. white. pink.It sometimes growing in open forest edges and grasslands Orchid Iris. herbaceous. . star-shaped. yellow. white/near white 36. This creeping.A variety of Iris with evergreen foliage that . .Offsetting succulent. As this suggests. flattened. variegated Iris with Foliage: stem. held in round corymbs garden ornamental primarily grown for its pretty succulent leaves. (30-45 cm) Root: roots- Rhizome that to or bulbous spreads grow new Native of China.Can thrive in poor soil .A bulbous perennial with evergreen. rounded. medium blue. Eastern Europe nature and small. and pleasing to the touch. poisonous. containers between stepping stones or in wall niches. dense green foliage. dry to medium. showy. it's pretty drought tolerant.It looks great planted along south-facing stone walls or along the front a border.
dry. variably red. Portulaca -A small. and Uruguay and originates from the dryplains of South America Moss rose makes a beautiful ground cover in a dry or rocky area. Pigweed isedible and the fleshy leavesare sometimes flowersreadily used in and salads. some are striped or spotted with contrasting colors. bright green Native to Argentina.A widespread weed that hasa prostrate Purslane. Portulacagrandiflora cultivars Portulacaceae -A prostrate herb with succulent leaves and stems . sticky leaves with dense white hairs on both surfaces. It is alsoused in hanging baskets orin Moss rose. . succulent.Full or part shade moisture . and yellow. It spreads rapidlythrough seed. thick and fleshy. Portulacaoleracea cultivars Portulacaceae .Dry. giant velvet rose ground but the flowers stand up very tall.Regular watering under 6 in. arranged alternately or in small clusters .Well-drained soil Leaf: Alternate leaves cl ustered Adequate up to 40cm Stem:Smooth.Preferable to provide cool shade during dormancy .Drought tolerant . It's perfect for a hot. orange. five petals.Cactus andsucculents Perennial . on the stem tips.Loose rosettes of emerald green with dense hairs covering leaf surface. 37. reddish.Full sunlight .Moss rose is often used as edging at the front of borders or in the cracks in a rock wall. red Widespread in all states except Tasmania.velvet rose. white.Well-drained soils .Prefer sandy or gravelly soils . pink. Cosmopolitan container gardening and widely grown in temperate climates as an ornamental plant for annual bedding. . mostly prostrate. One drawback in . rubbery-textured. but fast-growing annual plant Flower: Rose-like. (15 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical and pointed at the tips . sandy soil . and they open only during bright sunlight 38. Foliage:Evergreen. southern Brazil.Drought-tolerant spikes and can be massed as a groundcover. Pigweed habit with reddish stems arising from a . south facing slope. although it cannot be walked on. or the spaces between stepping stones.
at stem joints and ends . .Average Water Needs 1 to 6 inches (5-20 cm) Leaf: Cylindrical with red margins. dark green itsuse on green roofs is that itbehaves like an annual andwhen the plant dies. five regular parts. alternate.Withstand considerable drought. thesomewhat persistent barestems look like sticks stickingout from the substrate Flower:Yellow. Portulacapilosa is a highly variable species. andcan be an eyesore. Pink Purslane. succulent. Akulikuli. mat-forming with linear leaves and pink flowers variability during development. Flower: Red-purple. reddish stems and thick. oval-shaped. compacted soils and drought. leaf blade terete-linear or subulate-lanceolate. 6 mm wide. It is common weeds at a glance. which opens when the seeds are ready. Portulacapilosa Portulacaceae -Has distinctive tufts of white shaggy hairs . Hairy Portulaca on the stems. borne in heads or fascicles but usually . .Full Sun . 39. open singly at the center of the leaf cluster for only a few hours on sunny mornings.However it is not often cultivated as an ornamental species due to its invasive tendencies. plant appears to behave as an annual or weak perennial where it is common weeds of tended areas.Succulent prostrate herb. fleshy. Root: taproot with fibrous secondary roots and is able to tolerate poor. succulent leaves which are oval shaped and about 25 mm long. . seeds are formed in a tiny pod. succulent.Drought-tolerant. It exhibits morphologic The Kiss-Me-Quick.singlerooting point . thick and narrow.Prostrate herb with fleshy. apex acute Native of America and its range extends from the southern United States and the Caribbean as far south as Brazil.
from India. leaf axils densely pilose.with only one flower open at any time. Fruit:A capsule 2-2.Drought tolerant 3 to 4 ft. Foliage: Opposite. but it can be difficult to maintain. numerous. . densely caespitose. Asia. Serissafoetida ¶Snow Leaves· Synonym: Serissa japonica ¶Snow Leaves· Rubiaceae . Embryo C-shaped. Style and stigma red.An evergreen shrub with oval. 1 to 1. Its tidy habit and long blooming period Serissa.This plant is great for indoors.5 mm diam which dehisces along the equator like an operculum. the basal half densely clothed in white hairs.Has naturally small dark green leaves and rough interesting trunk. . succulent. Flower: Small white flowers.Well-drained soil . suberect to erect. surrounded by involucre of 6-9 bracts and dense wool. Yellow-rim . 40.Serissa also is used in front of foundations and in planter boxes. not articulated. Seeds black. stigma 3-6 -lobed. not fragrant. diffuse and much branched.5" long.Sun/part sun . Stem: Prostrate. have an unpleasant smell if bruised. simple deep green leaves. deep green. and China to Japan. Native to open sub-tropical woodlands and wet meadows in southeast Serissa is one of the most popular of all bonsai subjects.Average water .
opposite leaves and rough. Native to Eastern United State This sedge is good for water gardens.Grows well in wet low spots. plant. grass-like plant with a cluster of brown seed capsules clinging high on the stem . .5-0. tolerating deeper water as it ages. Carexstricta Cyperaceae . water margins and areas that experience some seasonal flooding 1 to 3 ft. Carexnigra Cyperaceae . lobes borne singlyor in clusters make it an attractive hedge a nd edging plant. it is b est grown in mass for foliage effect in moist to wet areas including ones with standing water.It will grow in shallow (3-4 ") water. It works well when grown in mass plantings or as a specimen or accent Flower: Black flowers and seed heads are attractive through not showy. Stem: Bearing greenish or brownish spikes of inconspicuous flowers Native to Central United States The easiest way to recognize this sedge is by it is distinctive elevated tussocks (dense tufts) in open wet areas.Spreads by rhizomes Tussock sedge to form large colonies.Full sun to part shade . It is also a good selection for low spots. . spreading by runners to form tufts . The tiny evergreen leaves. 41.Part shade to full shade . small.Prefer moist to wet soils . Therefore. ground covers and rock gardens. grey trunk.Beautiful green foliage. gnarled trunk and frequent blooming make the little Serissa a favorite among bonsai enthusiasts. black flower spikes 42.Moist fertile soil 0. yellow margin. It grows abundantly.exceeded by the stem in height sites. .funnel-shapedwith tubular calyces and 4-6spreading petal .Rush or Sedge . stream/pond margins or areas with seasonal flooding and may be grown in a .Has many upright wiry stems that branch in all directions and form a wide bushy dome. often in seasonally flooded Leaf:Dense tufts of grass -like leaves.A slender. Flower: not showy.It is evergreen in all Black Sedge but the coldest climates.75 ft.Rush or Sedge . Foliage: Dark blue-green to blue-gray foliage with a powdery white underside.
Ground-hugging rounded clump -Shade or sun . .Singular dense clumps .Fine-textured drought-tolerant lawn grass. flat. .Tolerates shady conditions variety of upland locations as long as soils are kept consistently moist. The main use of this plant is as pasture for sheep on poor land where more valuable grasses cannot be successfully grown. rolled up in the bud and persist in this condition even when fully developed. 44. the panicles are both slightly feathery and a bit one-sided. (15 cm) Foliage:Evergreen. Flower: Straw-colored flower heads. Wavy hair grass . Now.Perennial . it is widely used in roof planting. 43.. Deschampsiaflexuosa Poaceae . Festucaovina 'var' Poaceae . very narrow. leaf blades mainly basal. sharply-pointed but not prickly. linear to setaceous .Sun to partial shade . Besides.Average water needs . tufted . sometimes rhizomatous Flower: Clouds of hazy purple tinted flowers. inconspicuous. folded or rolled.It is sometimes used as a Sheep·sfescue blue fescue . Tussock sedge is an effective accent for smaller gardens and ground cover for shady areas. blue-green hair-like.A densely tufted perennial grass .Preferhumus rich damp / wet soil type . alternate-arranged.Ornamental Grasses and Bamboo .Drought andheat tolerant.Forms slightly weeping loose tussocks . bristly appearance Native to Canada and some parts of United States the The green fine and softfoliage make Sheep·s fescue great as an accent plant.Flourish on dry and sterile ground where most other grasses cannot get a foothold under 6 in. yellow. Crinkled hair grass. fine-textured Native to Eastern US Wavy hair grass is i deal in drifts at front of informal shady border and also good in a container. it is ideal low growing plantings for woodland shade areas or dappled shade.Tough and drought tolerant up to 50cm Foliage: Bright green.
Needs regular water in the low desert areas. Great as an accent plantfor green roof. it is widely utilized climates in tropical and . Red Fescue is a very smooth and texturedplant with splashes of red andgreen. foundation plant or in mass plantings. Festucarubra Poaceae . dwarf forms will work in subtropical . athletic fields. green. are variously coloured but often reddish-brown.The tufted nature is what gives the grass its springy characteristic. Motherresemble a succulent or cacti .Drought-tolerant 30-200cm Foliage:Glossy.2-20 cm Flower:In a panicle as it is larger and often a little nodding. plastic-textured succulent. one of the most shade resistant lawn grasses . cuts.Has sub-species forms that have rhizomes and forms tufts . . the spike-lets. and from eight to twenty-four inches high.Full sun to dense shade .Stem: Numerous and slender. In addition. banks. slopes. 46. Africa. wiry. Native to South Snake plant is typically utilized as an accent. the outer glume of the flower has an longer awn Native to theCalifornia. but only the basal ones persist in that condition. and fills. Devil·s tongue. Little water everywhere else Leaf: Narrow and needle like. hot weather. linear-lanceolate. United States and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. Red fescue is an excellent soil binder and used extensively for stabilizing waterways. It is useful in l andscaping. creeping. each of which contains 4-6 flowers. surrounded at their base with numerous secondary shoots 45. It also helps in recreation and beautification which is used as a turf for lawns.underground Red fescue rootstocks. making it less palatable to livestock. from the joints of which the over ground stems and shoots arise. Sansevieriatrifasciata Agavaceae . rolled up in the bud. golf courses. white. bright green.Perennial with long. be flat when developed except in very dry. Good luck plant.Shrub-like clumps that more closely Snake plant. -Full sun to light shade. medicinal andculinary. more or less angular. and playgrounds. undulatingsword-shaped. fibrous.
patio containers. Fairy lily.Clump-forming perennial with glossy green. 152-254 mm (6-10 inches) Leaf: Deep glossy green.Pleasantly coarse textured . whole plants. or yellow. narrow. basal leaves . deadhead spend flowers.A clump-forming bulbous perennial Autumn Zephyrlily. Flower: Fragrant. and flowers areused for arrangements in the floral industry.Tolerate wet soils . Snake Sansevieria than a garden perennial .Has a habit of closing up its fragrant petals at night. White rain lily plant .Sand to clay loam soil Flower:Shiny pure white flowers tinged pink inside that look like crocuses .The rush-like leaves will reach 12 inches (30 cm) in containers or as landscape plants. .in-law·s-tongue. it is ideal planted as both pot or container and border edging colour. tubularand are borne on loose raceme-like space Sansevieriaspp. are utilized in interiorscapes.Partial shade to full sun . globose. Zephyranthes candida Amaryllidaceae .cup shaped white and sometimes flushed rose blooms. or roof-top gardens. are favorites for coastal landscapes in tropical regions. Whether grown in containers or in the landscape they make . sometimes escapescultivation.narrow. leaves. 47.showy. Rain Lily is especially valuable as a groundcover planted under deciduous trees in light shade . margins are entire and tips acuminate. further mnorthSansevieria spp. fine chive-like foliage Native to the Rio de la Plata region of South America including Argentina and Uruguay but also native to Paraguay and Chile. 3 mm wide. rock gardens. Fruit: An orange to orange-red.Moist well-drained soil . greenish white to white flowers. Besides. one to three-seededberry. It is ideal for rock gardens and for tucking into groundcovers. not ornamental.An evergreen herbaceous perennial. Stem:Leaves originate from small one to six-leaved rosettes on rhizomatous stems.
a showy fall floral display. .
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