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Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul

Engenharia Ambiental - Bacharelado


Disciplina: GEX039 - Fı́sica III
Professor: Marcelo
Semestre: 2017/2

Lista de Exercı́cios II - Campos Elétricos

1. Uma partı́cula alfa, que é o núcleo de um átomo de hélio, possui massa de 6, 64 ×


10−27 kg e carga de +2e. Quais são o módulo, a direção e o sentido do campo
elétrico necessário para equilibrar seu peso.
Resposta: 203 n N/C, para cima

2. Num campo elétrico uniforme, próximo à superfı́cie da Terra, uma partı́cula de


carga igual a −2, 0 × 10−9 C sofre a ação de uma força elétrica de 3, 0 × 10−6 N,
que aponta para baixo. (a) Determine o módulo do campo elétrico. (b) Quais são
o módulo, a direção e o sentido da força eletrica exercida sobre um próton colocado
neste campo? (c) Qual a força gravitacional que atua sobre o próton? (d) Qual é a
razão entre a força elétrica e a força gravitacional nesse caso?
Resposta:

3. Qual é a magnitude de uma carga pontual escolhida de modo que o módulo do


campo elétrico, a 75,0 cm de distância, seja 23,0 N/C?
Resposta: 144pC.

4. Localize o ponto (ou os pontos) em que o campo elétrico é nulo, e represente as


linhas de campo elétrico.
Resposta:

5. (a) Calcule o módulo de uma carga pontual cujo campo elétrico a 50cm de distância
tem módulo de 2, 0N/C (b) Qual é o campo gerado por esta carga a 1, 0m de distância
da mesma. (c) Considerando a carga carregada positivamente faça um desenho (em
escala) da carga e do campo elétrico gerado por ela a 50cm e a 1, 0m de distância.
Resposta: (a) 5, 6 × 10−11 C (b) 4, 9 × 10−1 N/C
PROB LE M S

6. O núcleo de um átomo de Plutônio-239 contém 94 prótons e 145 neutrons. Suponha


•2 InqueFig. o22-34 the é
núcleo electric esfera com 6, 64 × 10−15 m de ••10
uma field raio e queFigurea 22-38a
carga shows two charged particles fixe
dos prótons
lines on the left have twice the sepa- B
está distribuı́da uniformemente na esfera. Determine on an x axis with separation L.
(a) o módulo e (b) o sentido The ratio q1/q2 of their ch
ration of those on the right. (a) If the A nitudes is 4.00. Figure 22-38b shows the x component Ene
do campo elétrico produzido pelos prótons na superfı́cie
magnitude of the field at A is 40 N/C,
do núcleo.
net electric field along the x axis just to the right of partic
21
Resposta E = 3, 07
what is the magnitude of the force× 10 N/C, (b) Para fora
Figure 22-34 Problem 2. axis scale is set by xs " 30.0 cm. (a) At what value of x %
on a proton at A?(b) What is the maximum? (b) If particle 2 has charge !q2 " !3e, w
magnitude of the field at B? value of that maximum?
7. O campo elétrico na vizinhança da superfı́cie da Terra aponta para baixo e tem
y
Module 22-2 The
módulo de Electric
150 N/C. Field(a)
DueCalcule
to a Charged Particle
a força elétrica que atua sobre um elétron que 2

Enet,x (10–8 N/C)


•3 SSM The nucleus of a plutonium-239 atom contains 94 protons.
se encontra nessa região. (b) Compare a força elétrica com a força gravitacional
Assume that the nucleus is a sphere with radius 6.64 fm and with +q1 –q 0
no elétron,
the charge e descreva
of the protons uniformlycomo
spreadseria
throughseuthemovimento.
sphere. At (c) Que carga2 deve serx a carga 0
the surface of the nucleus,
colocada em uma whatpequena
are the (a) magnitude
esfera deand 2, 70g de modoL que a força elétrica–2
(b) direc-
massa
tion (radially inward or outward) of the electric field produced
possa equilibrar o próprio peso próximo a superfı́cie by da Terra. (massa do elétron–4
the protons? −31
9, 11 × 10 kg)
•4 Two charged particles x (cm)
Resposta (a) 2, 43are×attached
10−17 Nto(b) an xmovimento
axis: Particlepara
1 of cima. (c) 176µC
(a) (b)
charge !2.00 # 10!7 C is at position x " 6.00 cm and particle 2 of
charge $2.00 # 10!7 C is at position x " 21.0 cm. Midway between
Figure 22-38 Problem 10.
the particles, what is their net electric field in unit-vector notation?
8. Na figura abaixo, as quatro partı́culas formam um quadrado de lado a = 5, 00 cm e
•5 SSM A charged particle produces an electric field with a mag-
têm cargas q = +10, 0, 00 nC, q2 from
nitude of 2.0 N/C at a1point that is 50 cm away
= −20, 0 nC, q = +20.0nC e q4 = −10nC.
the particle. 3 ••11 SSM Two charged particlesQual
are fixed to an x axis:
é o campo elétrico no centro do
What is the magnitude of the particle’s charge? quadrado, em termoof charge
dos q "
vetores
1 2.1 # 10 !8
unitários?C is at position x " 20 cm and pa
~ = (1, 02 × 105 N/C) ĵ charge q2 " !4.00q 1 is at position x " 70 cm. At what coo
Resposta
•6 What E
is the magnitude of a point charge that would create an the axis (other than at infinity) is the net electric field pro
electric field of 1.00 N/C at points 1.00 the two particles equal to zero?
m away? y
••12 Figure 22-39 shows an un- y
••7 SSM ILW WWW In Fig. 22-35, the q1 q2 even arrangement of electrons (e) p
four particles form a square of edge and protons (p) on a circular arc of e
length a " 5.00 cm and have charges radius r " 2.00 cm, with angles
a θ2
q1 " $10.0 nC, q2 " !20.0 nC, q3 " u1 " 30.0&, u2 " 50.0&, u3 " 30.0&, and p θ3
$20.0 nC, and q4 " !10.0 nC. In unit- u4 " 20.0&. What are the (a) magni- θ4
vector notation, what net electric field q4 q3 tude and (b) direction (relative to the
do the particles produce at the square’s x positive direction of the x axis) of the
a
center? net electric field produced at the cen- Figure 22-39 Prob
••8 In Fig. 22-36, the four parti- Figure 22-35 Problem 7. ter of the arc?
z
cles are fixed in place and have charges ••13 Figure 22-40 shows a proton p
9. q2Cinco
q1 " " $5e,cargas puntiformes
q3 " $3e, and q4 " idênticas, cada uma com q4
carga
(p) onQ,thecada
centraluma
axis com
through carga Q,
a disk
Distance
!12e. estão d " 5.0 mm. espaçadas
igualmente What is the em um semicı́rculo d withR
de raio a uniform charge density
como mostra a figura.due to
(a)
magnitude of the net electric field at q1 excess electrons. The disk is seen from
Determine o campo elétrico resultante em q 3 um ponto equidistante das cinco outrases ec
point P due to the particles? d d an edge-on view. Three of those elec-
cargas. (b) A força resultante sobre uma carga q que encontra-se posicionada neste
trons are shown: electron ec at the R
••9 Figure 22-37 shows two
ponto. P disk center and electrons e at oppo-
charged particles on an x axis: √
!q " d s
Figure 22-40 Prob
~x= 1 Q(1+ 2) q2 site sides of the disk, at radius R from
!3.20 Resposta:
# 10 !19 C atE " !3.00
4πo mR2and

q " 3.20 # 10!19 C at x " $3.00 m. the center. The proton is initially at
Figure 22-36 Problem 8. distance z " R " 2.00 cm from the disk. At that location
What are the (a) magnitude and :
the magnitudes of (a) the electric field Ec due to electron
(b) direction (relative to the positive :
the net electric field Es,net due to electrons es? The proto
direction of the x axis) of the net electric field produced at point
moved to z " R/10.0. What then are the magni
P at y " 4.00 m? : :
(c) Ec and (d) Es,net at the proton’s location? (e) From (
y
we see that as the proton gets nearer to the disk, the mag
:
Ec increases, as expected. Why does the
: y
P magnitude of Es,net from the two side
electrons decrease, as we see from
(b) and (d)?
1 q
••14 In Fig. 22-41, particle 1 of charge L
q1 " !5.00q and particle 2 of charge q2
x " $2.00q are fixed to an x axis. (a) As a Figure 22-41 Pro
–q q
multiple of distance L, at what coordi-
nate on the axis is the net electric field of the particles
Figure 22-37 Problem 9. Sketch the net electric field lines between and around the p
•3 SSM The nucleus of a magnitude
plutonium-239 atom contains 94 protons.q
of the net electric field at 1 excess electrons. The disk is seen fro
Assume that the nucleus point
is a sphere with radius 6.64 fm and with +qq13

Enet,x (10–8 N
P due to the particles? –q2 an edge-on view. Three 0 of 0those ele
d d x
the charge of the protons uniformly spread through the sphere. At trons are shown: electron ec at t
••9 Figure 22-37 shows two –2 e at opp
the surface of the nucleus, what are the (a) magnitude and (b) direc- P L disk center and electrons
charged particles on an x axis: !q " d s
tion 10. A figura
(radially mostra
inward duas partı́culas
or outward) carregadas mantidas fixas q 2 eixo x: −q
no site = −3, the×
of 20
−19 !3.20 # of theCelectric
10 !19 at x " field
!3.00produced
m and by −19
sides
1
disk, at radius R fro
–4
the protons?
10 C no ponto x = −3,
q " 3.20 # 10 00m,
!19 e +q = 3, 20
C at x " $3.00 m. × 10 C, no ponto x = the
+3, center.
00 × 10 The
9m proton is initially
Figure 22-36 Problem 8. distance z " R " 2.00 cm from the
•4 Two Determine (a) What
charged particles oare are the
módulo
attached (a)
e oto(b) magnitude
an A and do
orientação
x axis: Particle 1 ofcampo elétrico no ponto P , para o x(
the magnitudes of (a) the electric fie
charge !2.00
qual#y10= 4,C00m
!7 (b) direction (relative to the positive
is at position x " 6.00 cm and particle 2 of (a) : (b)
the net electric field Es,net due to el
direction of the x−10
axis) of the net electric field produced at point
charge $2.00 # 10!7 C
Resposta: Eis=at position
(−1, 38 ×x"1021.0 N/C)?
cm. Midway
î between moved to z " R/10.0. What th
P at y " 4.00 m? Figure
: 22-38:Problem 10.
the particles, what is their net electric field in unit-vector notation? (c) E c and (d) Es,net at the proton’s
we see that as the proton gets neare
•5 SSM A charged particle produces an electric fieldy with a mag- Ec increases, as expected. Why does
:

nitude of 2.0 N/C at a point that is 50 cm away from Pthe particle. ••11 SSM Two charged particles : are fixed to an
magnitude
What is the magnitude of the particle’s charge? of charge q1 " 2.1 # 10!8 C isofat Eposition
s,net from the two
x " 20 cm
electrons decrease, as we see f
charge q2 " !4.00q(b) 1 isand
at position
(d)?
x " 70 cm. At wh
•6 What is the magnitude of a point charge that would create an the axis (other than at infinity) is the net electric f
electric field of 1.00 N/C at points 1.00 ••14 In Fig. 22-41, particle 1 of ch
the two particles equal to zero?
m away? y q1 " !5.00q and particle 2 of charg
x ••12 Figure 22-39
" $2.00q shows
are anfixedun-to an x axis. (a) A
–q q qq
••7 SSM ILW WWW In Fig. 22-35, the 1 2 even arrangementmultiple of electrons
of distance (e)L, at what coo
four particles form a square of edge and protons (p) on natea circular
on the axis arcis of
the net electric
e
length a " 5.00 cm and have charges Figure 22-37 Problem 9. radius r " 2.00 Sketchcm, with angles field lines betw
the net electric
q1 "11. nC, qpartı́culas 2 " !20.0 nC,
a
$10.0 Quatro são qmantidas
3" fixas e tem cargas qu11 "=30.0&, " 50.0&,
q2 =u2 +5e, q3 u= 30.0&,eand p θ3
3 " +3e
$20.0 nC, and q4 " !10.0 nC. In unit- u " 20.0&. What are the (a) magni- θ4
q4 = −12e. A distância d = 5, 0µm. Qual é o módulo4 do campo elétrico no ponto
vector notation, what net electric field q4 q3 tude and (b) direction (relative to the
P?
do the particles produce at the square’s x positive direction of the x axis) of the
Resposta E = 0 a
center? net electric field produced at the cen- Figure 22-3
••8 In Fig. 22-36, the four parti- Figure 22-35 Problem 7. ter of the arc?
cles are fixed in place and have charges ••13 Figure 22-40 shows a proton
q1 " q2 " $5e, q3 " $3e, and q4 " q4 (p) on the central axis through a disk
!12e. Distance d " 5.0 mm. What is the d with a uniform charge density due to
magnitude of the net electric field at q1 excess electrons. The disk is seen from es
q3
point P due to the particles? d d an edge-on view. Three of those elec-
••9 Figure 22-37 shows two trons are shown: electron ec at the R
P disk center and electrons e at oppo-
charged particles on an x axis: !q " d s
Figure 22-4
q2 site sides of the disk, at radius R from
!3.20 # 10 !19 C at x " !3.00 m and
q " 3.20 # 10!19 C at x " $3.00 m. the center. The proton is initially at
Figure 22-36 Problem 8. distance z " R " 2.00 cm from the disk. At that lo
What are the (a) magnitude and :
the magnitudes of (a) the electric field Ec due to el
(b) direction (relative to the positive :
12. A the net electric
para ofield due to electrons es? Th
Es,net elétrico
direction of figura
the x axis) mostra of the um netdiplomoelectric fieldelétrico. produced Deduza at point uma expressão campo
moved to z " R/10.0. What then are the
P at y " 4.00 elétrico m? produzido pelo diplo em um ponto P situado a uma : distância
: r >> d
~ IC FI E LDS1 qd (c) Ec and (d) Es,net at the proton’s location? (e) F
654
Resposta: E = − 4πo r3 ĵ
CHAPTE R 22 E LECTR
we see that as the proton gets nearer to the disk, t
y y :
tude and (b) direction (relative to the positive direction of the x axis) Ec increases, as expected. Why does the
••15 In Fig. 22-42, the three particles are ••19 Figure 22-45 shows an electric dipole. What are the (a) magni-
fixed in place and have charges q " q "
#e and q " #2e. Distance a " 6.00 mm.
1 1 2
: y
3
What are the (a) magnitude and (b) direc- a PP
of the dipole’s electric field at point P, located at distance r ! d?
magnitude of Es,net from the two side
tion of the net electric field at point P due to +q +
electrons decrease, as we see from
y
the particles? 2
x
d/2 x
(b) and (d)?
•••16 Figure 22-43 shows a plastic ring of 3 a
radius R " 50.0 cm. Two small charged r
beads are on the ring: Bead 1 of charge Figure 22-42 P
Problem 15.
1 q
#2.00 mC is fixed in place at the left side;
bead 2 of charge #6.00 mC can be
y
d/2
••14 In Fig. 22-41, particle 1 of charge
moved along the ring. The two
beads produce a net electric field of Ring
–q –
Figure 22-45 Problem 19.
q1 " !5.00q and particle 2 of charge q2
magnitude E at the center of the
ring. At what (a) positive and (b)
R
Bead 2
x " $2.00q are fixed to an x axis. (a) As a Figure 22-
–q
negative value of angle u should Bead 1
θ
x ••20 qEquations 22-8 and 22-9 are approximations of the magnitude
bead 2 be positioned such that E "
of the electric field of an electric dipole, at points along the dipole
axis. Consider a point P on that axis at distance z " 5.00d from the di-
multiple of distance L, at what coordi-
13. Duas cargas puntiformes,pole
2.00 $ 105 N/C? qcenter
1 = 2,separation
0pCdistance e between
q2 = −2, 0pC estão separadas por uma
dipole). Let E be the magnitude of the field at point P as approxi- nate on the axis is the net electric field of the pa
(d is the the particles of the
•••17 Two charged beads are on appr

distância de
the plastic ring in Fig. 22-44a. Bead
2, which is not shown, is fixed Figure
in
4,
Figure0µm.
22-37 (a) Qual
Problem
22-43 Problem 16. mated by Eqs.é
9.E /E ?o momento de dipolo
the ratio
22-8 and 22-9. Let E be the actual magnitude.What is
appr act
act deste
Sketch theconjunto?. Calcule
net electric field o
lines between and aroun
place on the ring, which has radius
campo elétrico produzido por este dipolo ao longo de um eixo perpendicular ao eixo
R " 60.0 cm. Bead 1, which is not fixed in place, is initially on the x
•••21 SSM Electric quadrupole. Fig-
ure 22-46 shows a generic electric
z

axis at angle u " 0%. It is then moved to the opposite side, at angle d d
quadrupole. It consists of two dipoles
do dipolo a (b) 30cm e a (c) 60cm (d) Faça–+ um
u " 180%, through the first and second quadrants of the xy
coordinate system. Figure 22-44b gives the x component of the net
– – desenho
+ representando os resultados
with dipole moments that are equal in +q –q –q +q P
magnitude but opposite in direction.
Resposta: (a)8 × 10 C.m (b) 2, 66 × 10 (c) 3, 33 × 10−7 C
−18 −6
electric field produced at the origin by the two beads as a function
of u, and Fig. 22-44c gives the y component of that net electric field.
Show that the value of E on the axis
of the quadrupole for a point P a dis- –p +p
The vertical axis scales are set by Exs " 5.0 $ 104 N/C and Eys "
tance z from its center (assume z !
&9.0 $ 104 N/C. (a) At what angle u is bead 2 located? What are Figure 22-46 Problem 21.
d) is given by
the charges of (b) bead 1 and (c) bead 2?
3Q
E" ,
y 4p´0z4
Ring
in which Q (" 2qd 2) is known as the quadrupole moment of the
Bead 1
R charge distribution.
θ x
Module 22-4 The Electric Field Due to a Line of Charge
•22 Density, density, density. (a) A charge &300e is uniformly dis-
(a) tributed along a circular arc of radius 4.00 cm, which subtends an
angle of 40%. What is the linear charge density along the arc? (b) A
90° 180°
Exs 0 θ charge &300e is uniformly distributed over one face of a circular
disk of radius 2.00 cm. What is the surface charge density over that
Ex (104 N/C)

face? (c) A charge &300e is uniformly distributed over the surface


Ey (104 N/C)

of a sphere of radius 2.00 cm. What is the surface charge density


0 θ
90° 180° over that surface? (d) A charge &300e is uniformly spread through
the volume of a sphere of radius 2.00 cm. What is the volume
charge density in that sphere?
(b) –Exs (c) Eys
•23 Figure 22-47 shows two paral- Ring 1 Ring 2
q1 q2
Figure 22-44 Problem 17. lel nonconducting rings with their
central axes along a common line. P
Ring 1 has uniform charge q1 and ra- R R
Module 22-3 The Electric Field Due to a Dipole dius R; ring 2 has uniform charge q2
••18 The electric field of an electric dipole along the dipole axis is and the same radius R. The rings are
approximated by Eqs. 22-8 and 22-9. If a binomial expansion is R
separated by distance d " 3.00R. The d
Parte B: Distribuições Contı́nuas de carga

13 - Uma carga de -300e está distribuı́da uniformemente em um arco de circunferência de


4, 00cm de raio, que subtende um ângulo de 40o . Qual é a densidade linear de cargas do
arco? (b) a mesma carga é distribuı́da uniformemente na superfı́cie de um disco circular
de 2, 00cm. de raio Qual é a densidade superficial de cargas no disco? (c) A carga de
−300e está distribuı́da de maneira uniforme na superfı́cie de uma esfera de 2,00cm de
raio. Qual é a densidade cargas da superfı́cie? (d) A carga de -300e está distribuı́da uni-
formemente em uma esfera de 2,00cm de raio. qual é a densidade volumétrica de cargas
da esfera? PROB LE M S 655
Resposta: (a) λ = 1, 72 × 10 C/m (b) σ = −3,655PROB
−15 LE M S 82 × 10−14 C/m2 (c) σ = −9, 56 ×
10−15 C/m2 (d) ρ = −1, 43 × 10−12 C/m3 z
••30 Figure 22-53 shows two
z
••30
concentric14 Figure
- Uma22-53
rings, ofbarra shows
radii two
and
nãoR condutora de comprimento P L = 8, 15 cm tem uma carga negativa
concentric
R% ! 3.00R, derings, 23fCof
4,that lie radii
on theR same
uniformemente anddistribuı́da. (a) Qual P é a densidade linear de cargas da barra?
R%plane. Point that
! 3.00R, P lieslie
Determine on on
(b)the central
the
o módulo same ez(c) a direção do campo D
elétrico produzido no ponto P , situado
axis, at
plane. Pointdistance P D
lies !on 2.00R
the from
central the z D
no eixo x, a uma distância a = 12, 0 cm da extremidade da barra. Determine o módulo
center
axis, of the rings.
at distance D !The 2.00Rsmaller
from ring
the em um ponto situado no eixo x, a um distância a = 50m do
do campo elétrico produzido R
has uniformly
center of the rings.distributed charge
centro da Thebarra, smaller
(d) pela ringbarra e (e) por uma partı́cula R' de carga q = −4, 23fC colocada
In terms ofdistributed
"Q.uniformly
has Q, what is the uni-
charge R da barra. (f) Discuta o resultado dos itens
no lugar anteriormente ocupado pelo centro
formly distributed
In terms charge on uni-the R'
"Q. (d) eof(e). Q, what is the
larger ring if the net electric field at
formly distributed
Resposta: (a) charge on the
−5, 19×10 −14
C/m (b) 1, 57×10−3 N/C (c) −î (d) 1, 52×10−8 N/C (e)1, 52×
P is zero? −8
larger ring10if the N/C net. electric field at
••31
P is zero?SSM ILW WWW In Fig. 22-54, Figure 22-53 Problem 30.
a nonconducting rod of length L ! Figure 22-53 Problem 30.
••31 SSM ILW WWW In Fig. 22-54,
8.15 cm has a charge &q ! &4.23 fC –q
a uniformly
nonconducting distributed rod along
of length
its L!
length. P
x – – – – x
8.15 cm has a charge &q
(a) What is the linear charge density ! &4.23 fC –q
L a P
uniformly
of the rod? distributed
What arealong the (b)its magni-
length. – – – – x
(a) What
tude andis (c)
the direction
linear charge density
(relative to L Problema31.
Figure 22-54
ofthe
thepositive
rod?15- What are
direction the
of (b)
the magni-
x axis)
Uma carga Q está distribuı́da uniformemente sobre uma barra fina de comprimento
tude
of theandelectric
(c) (a)
L. direction
Calcule (relative
field produced
a densidade to linear
at Figure carga Problem
de 22-54 da barra.31.(b) Deduza uma expressão para
the positive
point direction
P, ato distance a !of the
12.0 cmx axis)
campo elétrico produzido pela barra carregadaelectric
from the rod? What is the no ponto P (veja figura), expresse sua
offield
themagnitude
electric field
produced produced
at distance at a !50
resposta em termos de Q, L, R. (c) Encontre o campo m by (d) the rod andproduzido pela barra no ponto P
(e) a particle
point P, atsedistance of charge ! 12.0um
a barraativesse &q ! cmcomprimentofC that
from the rod?
&4.23 we use to
What is replace the
the electric dx
= a2 √ax2 +x2 + c
R
infinito. Dica: (a2 +x2 )3/2
rod?magnitude
field (At that produced distance, 1atthe rod a !50 m by y(d) the rod and
distance
Resposta: E = 4π √ 2Q
“looks” like a particle.)
(e) a particle of charge &q ! &4.23 fC that we usePto replace the
R 4R2 +L2

rod?
•••32 (At that In Fig. distance,
22-55, thepositiverod y
“looks”
charge likeq !a7.81 particle.)
pC is spread uni- P
R
formly along
•••32 In aFig. thin 22-55,
nonconducting
positive
rod of length L ! 14.5 cm. What are
charge q ! 7.81 pC is spread uni- R
the (a) magnitude and (b) direction + + + + + + + + + x
formly along a thin nonconducting
(relative to the positive direction of
rod of length L ! 14.5 cm. What are
the x axis) of the electric field pro-
L
the (a) magnitude
duced at point P,and (b) direction
at distance R! + + + + + + + + + x
(relative to the positive direction of Figure 22-55 Problem 32.
6.00 cm from the rod along its per- L
the x axis) of
pendicular the electric field pro-
bisector?
duced at point P, at distance R ! Figure 22-55 Problem 32.
•••33 In Fig. 22-56, a “semi-
6.00 cm from the rod along
infinite” nonconducting rod (that is,
its per- + + + +
pendicular
infinite in bisector?
one direction only) has
•••33
uniform linear In Fig.charge 22-56,density
a “semi- l. R
: + + + +
infinite”
Show that nonconducting
the electric fieldrod Ep (that
at point is,
P makesinanone
infinite angle of 45' with
direction the rod
only) has
P
uniform linear charge density of
and that this result is independent l. R
the distance
Show that theR. (Hint:field
electric Separately
:
find
Ep at point Figure 22-56 Problem 33.
••25 Figure 22-49 shows three circu- terms of Q ! +9Q 2.00 mC. The radii 3R
P is zero? uniformly distributed along its length.
x
lar arcs centered on the origin ofare a co-given in terms of –4Q R ! 10.0 cm. ••31 SSM ILW(a)WWW What is the linear22-54,
In Fig. charge density Figu
What are the (a) magnitude and (b) 2R
di- of the rod? What are the (b) magni-
ordinate system. On each arc, therectionuni- (relative to the positive x direc- a nonconducting
Figure 22-49 Problem 25.
+Q semicircunferência tuderodandof (c)length
directionL(relative
! to
formly distributed
16 - Uma charge
barrais fina
given deinofvidro
tion) the netforma uma
electric field at theRori- 8.15de cmraio
hasra = 5,
charge 00cm.
&q !Uma &4.23 fC
the positive direction of the x axis)
terms of cargaQ ! 2.00 = 4, The
+q mC. 50pCgin radii
due todistribuı́da
está the arcs? uniformemente xna parte uniformlyysuperior da
distributed barra
of the along e uma
electric itsfield
length.
produced at –
are given in terms
−q of
= −4, 10.0
R !50pC cm. ILW In Fig. 22-50, a thin glass rod na+q(a) point P, at distance a ! 12.0 cm from th
carga ••26está distribuı́da unifomememente What
parte is the field
inferior. linear chargeproduced
Determine
magnitude
(a)density at distance a
What are theo (a) magnitude
e (b) aand forms
(b) di- a dosemicircle
campoofelétrico
radius rno ! 5.00 cm. P situado no centro do semicirculo.
módulo orientação
Charge is uniformly distributed along the rod,
ponto of the rod? What (e) are
a the of
particle (b)charge
magni- &q ! &4.23 fC
x
rection (relative to the positive
Resposta: E~ = −20, x direc-
6N/C Figure
ĵ 4.50 22-49 Problem
half and25. tuder Pand (c) direction
rod? (At that (relative
distance,tothe rod
with "q ! pC in the upper &q
“looks” like a particle.)
Figu
tion) of the net electric field at the! ori-
&4.50 pC in the lower half.What are the (a) the positive direction
–q of the x axis)
magnitude and (b) direction (relative y to the In Fig. 22-55,
gin due to the arcs? of the electric•••32 field produced at positive
positive direction of the x axis) of the electric Figure 22-50 charge q ! 7.81 pC is spread uni-
••26 ILW In Fig. 22-50, a thin
:
field glass
E at P, rod +q semicircle?
the center of the point P, at distance
Problem 26.
! 12.0
formlyaalong a thincmnonconducting
from the rod
forms a semicircle of radius ••27 r ! 5.00Incm. Fig. 22-51, two curved plastic field magnituderodproduced of length Lat distance
! 14.5 cm. Whata !50
are
y the (a) magnitude and (b) direction
Charge is uniformly distributed along rods, one of charge "q and the other of
the rod, x (e) a particle of charge &q ! &4.23 fC that w
charge &q, form a circle of radius R ! +q rod? (At that(relative to the positive direction of
distance, of thethe rodfield pro-
with "q ! 4.50 pC in the upper 8.50 halfcm and &q P the x axis) electric
r
in an xy plane. The x axis passes
! &4.50 pC in the lower half.What are the
through both (a)of the connecting points, “looks” like a particle.)
duced at point P, at distance R !
–q x
P
and the charge is distributed uniformly on 6.00 cm from the rod along its per-
magnitude and (b) direction (relative to the •••32 In pendicular
Fig. 22-55, bisector?positive
both rods. If q ! 15.0 pC, what are the –q
positive direction of the x axis) of(a)the electric
magnitude and (b) directionFigure 22-50 (relative charge q ! 7.81 pC
•••33 is spread
In Fig. 22-56, uni-a “semi-
:
field E at P, the center of the semicircle? to the positive direction of the x axis) of
: Problem 26.
formly along a thin nonconducting
infinite” nonconducting rod (that is,
17 - Uma linha de cargas temfield
the electric densidade
E produced linearat P,dethecargasFigure 22-51 posicionada no eixo x
λ está infinite in one direction only) has
••27 Indesde
Fig. 22-51, twox curved plastic rod of 27.
Problem length L ! 14.5 cm. What are
x = 0 até = center of
a. Deduza the circle?
uma expressão y a componente y do campouniform elétricolinear em um charge density l.
rods, one of charge "q and the
••28 other
Charge of is uniformly distributed around a
the
ring
(a)
of
magnitude
radius Show and
that (b)electric
the direction :
+ +
field Ep at point
ponto p no eixo y .
charge &q,Resposta
form a E circle 1of √ radius
R ! 2.40 cm,
λa R !and the+q resulting electric field magnitude (relativeE to is thePpositive
makes an angle direction of the rod
of 45' with
y = 4π measured and that this result is independent of
8.50 cm in an xy plane. The xy axis along the ring’s central axis (perpendicular
y 2 +a2passes the x axis)to the of the electric field pro-
plane of the ring). At what distance from the ring’s center is the distance R. (Hint: Separately find
18 - A figura
through both of the connecting mostra uma barra
points, não condutora com uma
x duced at pointtheP,component
carga +Q distribuı́da atuniforme-
distance :
R ! to theFigu
of Ep parallel
E maximum? P
mente. A barra forma
and the charge is distributed uniformly uma semicircunferência de raio R e6.00
on 22-52a shows a nonconducting rod with a uniformly produzcm from
um the
campo
rod rod
and along
elétrico
the component its
de per-
perpendicular to t
••29 Figure
módulo E no
both rods. If q ! 15.0 pC, what centro de curvatura
are charge
distributed the "Q.TheP . Se a barra é pendicular
substituı́da
rod forms a half-circle with radius R and bisector?
por uma carga pontual a
Module 22-5 The Electric Field Due
–q
uma distância R do
(a) magnitude and (b) direction (relative ponto
produces P
an , qual
electric é
field aofrazão
magnitude entro
E arc o
at novo
its center valor
of
•••33 de
curvature E e
In •34 o antigo
Fig. A diskvalor?
22-56, ofaradius
“semi- 2.5 cm has a
Resposta: Ef /E P. If the arc is collapsed to a point at distance R from P (Fig. 22-52b), 5.3 mC/m 2
on its upper face. What is th+
to the positive direction ofi =the1, 57axis) of
by xwhat factor is the magnitude of the electric field atinfinite” P multiplied?nonconducting
field produced rod
by the(that is,a point on it
disk at
:
the electric field E produced at P, the Figure 22-51
infinite in one12direction cm from the disk? only) has
center of the circle? Problem 27.
uniform linear•35charge SSM WWW density
At whatl.distance R alo
:
Show that the lar axis of
electric a uniformly
field E at charged plastic d
point
••28 Charge is uniformly distributed +Q around a ring of radius p
magnitude of the electric field equal to
R ! 2.40 cm, and the resulting electric field magnitude E is P +Q P makes
P an angle of 45' with the rod
the field at the center of the surface of th
measured along the ring’s central axis (perpendicular to the and
R
that this result is independent
••36 A circular plastic disk of with radP
R z
(Fig.
plane22-48).
of the Thering).central
At what perpendicu-
distance from the ring’s center is the distance
••30 (Hint:
R. formly
Figure:
Separately
22-53 charge
distributed find
shows Q !two Figu
"(2.00
lar axis through the ring is a z axis,
E maximum? (a) (b) the component
concentricof rings, of
cular Ering
p parallel
of width to
of radii R and o
30 mm the is centered
that width at radius r ! 0.50 cm. In
with the origin at the center of the Figure 22-52 Problem 29. rod andR% the component
! 3.00R, thatperpendicular
contained lie the
within onwidththeoftosamethe rod
the ring?
••29 Figure 22-52a shows a nonconducting rod with a uniformly
ring. Whatcharge
distributed is -the
19 magnitude
A"figura
Q.Themostra
rod formsoftrês
the arcos de circunferência
a half-circle with radius R and cujo o Module
centroplane.está
22-5 Point
na The P lies
origem Electricdeonum the
Field central
Due to za
electric field due
sistema to the
de rod at
coordenadas. (a) z ! Em cada
produces an electric field of magnitude Earc at its center of curvature arco, a carga unifomemente axis, at distance
distribuı́da é Ddada
•34 A disk of radius 2.5 cm has a surfac ! 2.00R
em from the
0P.and (b) z ! $?
termos (c)
de In
Q terms
= 2, of
00µC. R, at
Os raios são
If the arc is collapsed to a point at distance R from P (Fig. 22-52b), dados em termos de center
R =mC/m
5.3 2 of Determine
10, 0cm. on its theupper
rings.face. The
(a)Whatosmaller is theringmag
what positive
by what factor value of z
is theemagnitude
módulo is that mag-
of the electric
(b) a orientação do campo R
fieldelétrico na origem. fieldhas
at P multiplied? produceduniformlyby the disk distributed
at a point on charge
its centr
nitude maximum?Resposta: (d)EIf=R1,!622.00 × 10cm 6
N/C 12 cm "Q.from Inthe terms
disk?of Q, what is the uni-
and Q ! 4.00 mC, what is the maxi- Figure 22-48 Problem 24.
•35 formly
SSM WWW distributed
At whatcharge
distanceon thethe
along
mum magnitude? y larger
lar axis of aring if the net
uniformly electric
charged field
plastic at of
disk
••25 +Q
Figure 22-49 shows three circu- 3R
P is zero?
magnitude of the electric field equal to one-h
P +Q+9Q P
lar arcs centered on the origin of a co- –4Q the field
••31 atSSM
the center
ILW of the surface
WWW In Fig.of22-54,
the disk
2R
ordinate system. OnR each arc, the uni- R A circular plastic
••36a nonconducting roddisk
of with
lengthradius
L !R
formly distributed charge is given in +Q R 8.15 cm has a charge &q ! &4.23#fC106)
formly distributed charge Q ! "(2.00
terms
(a) of Q ! 2.00 mC. The radii (b) cularuniformly
ring of width 30 mm along
distributed is centered on that
its length.
x
are given in terms of R ! 10.0 cm. of that width at radius r ! 0.50 cm.
(a) What is the linear charge density In coulo
What are the (a) magnitude Problem
Figure 22-52and (b) di- 29. contained
of thewithin the width
rod? What are of
thethe ring?
(b) magni-
rection (relative to the positive x direc- Figure 22-49 Problem 25. tude and (c) direction (relative to
tion) of the net electric field at the ori- the positive direction of the x axis)
gin due to the arcs? y of the electric field produced at
••26 ILW In Fig. 22-50, a thin glass rod +q point P, at distance a ! 12.0 cm from t
forms a semicircle of radius r ! 5.00 cm. field magnitude produced at distance a
Charge is uniformly distributed along the rod, x (e) a particle of charge &q ! &4.23 fC
with "q ! 4.50 pC in the upper half and &q r
P rod? (At that distance, the rod
Problemas adicionais

20 - Uma gota d’agua esférica de 1, 20µm de diâmetro está suspensa no ar devido a um


campo elétrico atmosférico vertical cujo módulo é E = 462NC. (a) Qual é o peso da gota?
(b) Quantos elétrons em excesso a gota possui?
Resposta: (a) 8, 87 × 10−15 N (b) 120

21 - Três partı́culas com a mesma carga positiva Q forma um triângulo equilátero de lado
d. Qual é o módulo do campo elétrico produzido pelas partı́culas no ponto médio de um
dos lados? √
1 2Q
Resposta: 4π 3d2

22 - Uma carga de 20 nC está uniformemente distribuı́da ao longo de uma barra retilı́nea


de 4,0 m de comprimento que é encurvada para formar um arco de circunferência de 2,0
m de raio. Qual é o módulo do campo elétrico no centro de curvatura do arco?
Resposta: 38 N/C

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