ACTIVITY #3 Gosh -- Gravity!

Approximate Time Required 90 min Key Question When dropped from the same height, which object of each pair will hit the ground first: an orange vs. a baseball, or a large vs. a small marble? Student Learning In addition to the competencies listed in the next section, students will: • predict which of a pair of objects of similar diameter but different masses will hit the ground first, and will • test their predictions. Competencies Science and Technology

Competency 2: To appreciate how human activities are influenced by the specific contributions of science and technology • The student describes how science and technology are used in human activities relating to a problem • The student examines the impact of science and technology as it relates to the problem Competency 3: To propose acceptable explanations in appropriate scientific and technological languages • The student develops the ability to use ordinary language related to science and technology when dealing with a problem Competency Competency Competency Competency 1: 2: 4: 3: To To To To use information solve problems be creative work with others

CrossCurricular Competencies Intellectual Personal Socl Areas of Lifelong Learning Social Relationships Links to other Sub. Areas Lang. Arts

The student participates actively in his/her learnings with other members of his/her community

Competency 3: The student views/ reads visual texts critically

Materials Per class Galileo story Baseball, tennis ball, orange or marbles Per student Journal Per group of students Round objects of similar diameter, but different mass, e.g. tennis ball and an orange

Constructivist Activity Steps Engage Role of Teacher Read Galileo story just far enough to show his ideas but do not read about his experimentation yet. Ask students who they think was right – Galileo or Aristotle. Have students touch and hold a tennis ball and an orange to discuss their attributes. Ask students to predict which one of these objects will hit the ground first if dropped from the same height. Ask students to write down their predictions in a journal. Ask students to work in groups to compare and discuss their individual predictions. Suggest that students drop pairs of objects from the same height to see which hits the ground first. Have them perform the activity a few times. Role of Student Listen to the story. Offer description of the objects and prediction.

Individual predictions Group predictions

Write down your predictions in a journal. Share and formulate your group prediction.

Activity/Experi ment

Group reports Group discussion why predictions were accurate or inaccurate

Allow discussion time to clarify results.

Drop pairs of objects from the same height to see which hits the ground first. Record which object hits the ground first. Perform the activity a few times, possibly using different pairs of objects of the same diameter. Offer results to class to substantiate predictions. Explain why the predictions were accurate or inaccurate.

Short explanation

Read the rest of the Galileo story. All objects

Ask questions

Apply to a new situation

(except those with increased friction) fall to the ground at the same rate due to the force of gravity; gravity pulls all objects to earth at the same speed If a low flying plane were to drop supplies to a disaster area, e.g. earthquake, one box of potatoes and one identical box of blankets, which box reaches the ground first?

Answer teacher question using knowledge gained in this activity.

Evaluation Ideas • Write a cloze passage based on the activities carried out and the conclusions reached, and have the students fill in the blanks using new knowledge gained from the activities. • Create a true and false statements sheet based on the activities carried out in the class and ask students to answer the true/false questions. Extensions • To show that the force of gravity acts the same way on objects whether they are moving forward or falling straight down, demonstrate for the class that two marbles of the same size, one dropped from the edge of the table and the other flicked forward, both land at the same time. One marble falls straight to the floor while the other has been propelled into the air. Listen to which marble lands first. • To demonstrate the different impacts made by different masses upon hitting the ground- two marbles of different masses can be dropped into a pail of water and heavier marble will make larger splash. Perform this activity from various heights. Teacher Comments from Field Testing The Galileo story is an excellent springboard for this activity. Try to influence the students to believe that Galileo's ideas were really ridiculous. This leads for more interesting discussions when students try to predict whose ideas are correct (Galileo vs. Aristotle). Allow the students to suggest any classroom object that may be dropped to test the theories. A ladder can be used to increase the heights if desired. Students were quite curious to hear the end of the story. Websites: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

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