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ENTREVISTA COM OS PAIS – MODELO ABERASTURY

1) Motivo da Consulta
Queixa (início, desenvolvimento, agravação ou melhora do sintoma):
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2) História da Isadora
❖ Gravidez:
Resposta emocional ao anúncio da gravidez (alegria, tristeza, decepção):
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Foi desejada, acidental, houve desejo de abortar (se houve, depois a aceitaram, ficaram felizes?)
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Houve abortos antes ou depois desta gestação?
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Aceitaram o sexo do bebê?
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Como estava o relacionamento do casal na época da concepção?
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Ocorrências durante a gravidez
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❖ Parto:
Como foi (normal, cesárea, fórceps, induzido)?
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Rápido, demorado? Houve complicações?
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Recebeu anestesia?
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Como foi a relação com o médico e enfermeira?
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Teve acompanhante?
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Quanto tempo depois do nascimento o teve consigo?
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❖ Lactação
Foi amamentada no peito? Até quantos meses?
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Quantas horas depois do nascimento a amamentou?
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Quais eram as condições do mamilo, houve boa sucção?
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Qual era o ritmo (rotina) de amamentação (frequência da mamada, tempo de sucção em cada seio)?
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Em caso de mamadeira, a oferecia no colo ou deitado no berço?
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❖ Desmame e outras formas de alimentação:
Com quantos meses houve o desmame? Como foram as condições? A transição foi lenta ou rápida?
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Ela aceitou outros líquidos e papinhas? Como foi? Ela aceitou ou rechaçou (se rechaçou, como foi a
atitude dos pais, tiveram paciência ou irritação)?
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Aderiu à chupeta? Outros objetos para sucção? Até quantos meses?
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❖ Linguagem
Quando emitiu balbucios?
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E quando expressou a primeira palavra?
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O processo foi rápido ou gradativo?
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O pai e a mãe atuavam ativamente no ensino?
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A bebê pedia os objetos? Era prontamente atendido?
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❖ Locomoção
A bebê engatinhou? Com quantos meses, como foi?
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Usou andador?
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Caía muito? Batia muito nos objetos no início da caminhada?
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Os pais facilitavam segurando-o pelas mãos?
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A deixavam brincar, se sujar?
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Dentição e o sono
Com que idade nasceu o primeiro dente?
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Como foi o processo de dentição? O bebê chorava muito? Dormia bem ou teve insônia?
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Se tinha insônia, qual a atitude dos pais?
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❖ Controle dos esfíncteres
Com que idade iniciou?
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Como foi ensinado? Tiveram paciência?
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Qual era a atitude materna sobre limpeza e sujeira?
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Teve enurese noturna?
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❖ Circunstâncias dos primeiros anos de vida
Sofreu enfermidades, operações, traumas (ex. mordida de cães, de outras crianças), quedas?
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Qual eram as circunstâncias da vida familiar na época?
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❖ Sexualidade na infância (averiguar observações e conceitos dos pais)
Realizou atividades sexuais abertamente ou tinha vergonha? Com que idade? Foi proibido,
favorecido, ou tratado com normalidade?
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Quando começou a perguntar sobre sexo?
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Como as dúvidas eram respondidas?
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Tinha vergonha do corpo e do corpo dos pais?
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❖ Brincadeira e jogos
Como brincava?
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Quais os jogos e brincadeiras preferidos?
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Os pais e irmãos participam com ela nas brincadeiras?
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A levavam para brincar na praça, na casa de amiguinhos?
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Ia para a creche? Com que idade? Que motivos os levou a essa decisão?
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Os pais trabalhavam?
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❖ Escola e aprendizagem
Como a Isadora se sentiu no primeiro dia em que foi para a escola?
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Que idade ela tinha?
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Como foi o processo de leitura e escrita?
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Teve alguma dificuldade de aprendizagem?
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Fazia os deveres com prazer, rejeitava, ou preocupava-se exageradamente em cumpri-los?
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Qual a atitude dos pais frente ao atraso ou precocidade da aprendizagem?
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❖ Puberdade e adolescência
Com que idade começou a puberdade e como passou pelas transformações corporais?
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Se acha bonita ou feia?
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Tem conflitos nas relações familiares?
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Costuma ser comunicativa ou se isola?
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Tem bastante amigos?
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Costuma ir a festas, cinema, casa de amigos?
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3) O dia de vida
Ela é dependente ou independente?
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Como desperta, sozinha ou precisa que o acordem? A que horas?
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Desde quando se veste sozinha?
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Prepara seu próprio prato/lanche?
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Costuma comer no horário ou comer o que quer na hora que quer?
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Que horas e como costuma dormir?
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É disciplinada com deveres e horários?
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Como reage frente a proibições?
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Segue normas e regras?
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Possui habilidades?
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Quais suas fontes de alegria e prazer?
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Sai sozinha, com amigos, com os pais?
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Como é sua rotina aos domingos?
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E em festas e aniversários?
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4) Relações familiares
Como são as relações afetivas na família?
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Costuma-se demonstrar afeto e carinho?
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Como os pais a consideram? Quais suas características?
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Os pais são casados ou separados? Há quanto tempo?
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Se houve separação, como a criança/adolescente passou pela crise?
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Qual a idade do irmão mais novo? Quantos anos ele tinha quando o irmão nasceu? Como foi sua
reação?
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Como é o relacionamento entre os irmãos e os pais?
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Qual a profissão dos pais?
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Quantas horas os genitores ficam fora de casa?
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Existe diálogo aberto na família?
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Frequentam alguma instituição religiosa?
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Quais as condições de vida?
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Como é a vida social da família?
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