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TUTORIAL 5 : WORK,POWER AND ENERGY

1.Work done is the product of the applied force


2
and displacement in the direction of force. 2. Kinetic Energy = ½ mv

3. Gravitational potential energy =


mgh

4. Elastic potential energy= ½ Fx

5. Elastic potential energy= ½ Kx2

6. Power = energy / time

7.Efficiency=( P output)/ P input) x 100


Exercises. If the wooden block is pulled through a
distance of 5m, how much work is done
1. on the wooden block?

5.

A boy is pushing a box for a distance of


10m. Determine the work done by the
student.

2.Determine the work done if the box is Diagram above shows a 10N force is
pulling a metal. The friction between the
block and the floor is 5N. If the distance
travelled by the metal block is 2m, find
pulled for a distance of 20m the work done by the pulling force
3. A boy pulled a 3.0kg of box for a
distance of 12m. Determine the work a. the work done by the frictional force
done to move the box. 6. Determine the kinetic energy of a 2000-
kg bus that is moving with a speed of 35.0
m/s.
7.A ball of 1kg mass is dropped from a
height of 4m. What is the maximum
4.The diagram shows a wooden block
pulled by a force of 10N at an angle of kinetic energy possessed by the ball
40o above the horizontal floor.
before it reached the ground?

8.
a) What is meant by work.

b) Calculate the work done.

i) by the worker to pull the


rope down a distance of
0.5m
Diagram above shows a spring with a load
of mass 0.5kg. The extension of the spring
ii) on the load to raise at a
is 6cm, find the energy stored in the
spring height of 0.5m.

8. A lift is powered by an electric motor. c) Compare the work done in 4b(i)


The lift and its passengers have a and 4b(ii).
combined mass of 500kg and the lift
moves upwards with an average speed of d) State why there is a different
4m/s. between the work done.

11 . .Figure11.1 shows a steel spring with


a spring constant of 20 N m-1.

9. An electric motor is used to lift up a


mass of 2 kg in 7.5 seconds.
(a) Determine the weight of the load. (i) What is meant by the term spring
(b) Work done to lift up the load. constant?
(c) Determine the gravitational (ii) Name two factors affecting the spring
potential different gain by the load. constant.
(d) Compared your answer in (b) and (iii) With the aid of a sketched graph of
(c) and explain your answer. elongation versus applied force , explain a
(e) Determine the power of the motor. spring’s behavior when a force is applied
to it
10. Diagram shows a worker a lifting a (iv) Calculate the elongation when a load
load a mass 20 kg using a pulley system. of 15N is hung from the spring.
The worker applies of a force of 220N to
pull the rope down a distance of 0.5m.The 12.The diagram shows a ball which is
released at P and rolls down a smooth
load is raised to a height of 0.5m.
slope.
Draw the graph of gravitational (ii) (ii) What is the length of the spring
potential energy versus distance. in figure 7.1 (b) if the 3.6 N load is
removed.
13. Figure 7.1 shows the state of similar (iii) Find the spring constant, k
springs before and after a load is put on it. {iv) Find the length of l in figure 7.1 (c )
Diagram shows a weightlifter successfully
lifting a load of 60kg. Determine the work 15. Diagram below shows an experiments
done. to determine the relationship between the
extension and force applied.

The result is shown by the graph below.

(a) Name the law involved in the relation


above.
JAAPAN (b) Mark 'X' on the graph above to show
14. Figure 7.1 shows the state of similar
the upper limit to which the law
springs before and after a load is put on it.
mentioned in (a) is valid
(c) What physical quantity is represented
by the gradient of the graph?
(d) By using the area under the graph,
how much energy is stored when the
spring is acted upon by a load of
weight 0.5 N?

PRINCIPLE CONSERVATION ENERGY


1.
(i) Name the energy restored when
the spring has compressed.
A spring with a length of 14 cm.
When a ball is used to compressed
with a force of 2N the length of the
spring is reduced to 10 cm. Determine
the velocity of the ball when it
released?
A ball is been released from a point A with
a height of 0.8 m and it moves on a
frictionless curve plane. Determine the
velocity of the ball when it reached point 6.
B.

2.

The figure shows a steel ball moving from


P to T. The Q to R section is a rough
A trolley is released from rest. Determine surface with a friction of 4N.
the velocity when it reached the point Y?
a) Calculate the total energy of the steel
ball at P

b) i) Total energy of the ball when it


reaches Q.

ii) Calculate the work done by the ball


to overcome the friction.

c) Calculate the Kinetic energy at S


4.
d) Calculate the velocity of the ball at T
A ball is moving with a velocity of 6 ms-1
climbing a an inclined plane with a height
of 1.5 m. Determine the velocity when it
reached the point B.

5.