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# Cálculo I

Engenharia Biomédica
Engenharia e Gestão Industrial FORMULÁRIO
Engenharia Mecânica

Nas regras apresentadas os símbolos u e v representam funções na variável x (real). As letras a, α e c são
constantes reais.

## 1. [u.v ] ' = u' v + uv' 1. ∫ a ( u ± v ) dx = a ∫ u dx ± a ∫ v dx

 u  ' u' v − uv' α u α+1
2.  v  = 2. ∫ u' u dx = α +1
+ c, α ≠ −1
v2
u α  ' = α.u α − 1.u' u'
3.
 
3. ∫ u dx = ln u + c
 au  ' = u' .au .ln ( a ) u au
4.
 
4. ∫ u' a dx = ln ( a )
+c

## u v  ' = v.u v − 1.u' + v' u v .ln ( u )

5.
 
5. ∫ u' sen ( u ) dx = − cos ( u ) + c
u'
6. log a ( u )  ' = 6. ∫ u' cos ( u ) dx = sen ( u ) + c
u.ln ( a )
 sen ( u )  ' = u' .cos ( u ) ∫ u' sec ( u ) dx = tg ( u ) + c
2
7. 7.

2
8. 8.

## 9. tg ( u )  ' = u' .sec 2 ( u ) 9. ∫ u' sec ( u ) tg ( u ) dx = sec ( u ) + c

10.  cotg ( u )  = − u' .co sec ( u ) ∫ u' co sec ( u ) cotg ( u ) dx = −co sec ( u ) + c
' 2
10.
u'
11.  sec ( u )  = u' .sec ( u ) tg ( u )
' 11. ∫ dx = arctg ( u ) + c
2
u +1
u'
12. cos ec ( u )  ' = − u' .co sec ( u ) cotg ( u ) 12. ∫ dx = arcsen ( u ) + c
1− u2
u'
13.  arcsen ( u )  ' = 13. ∫ u' tg ( u ) dx = − ln cos ( u ) + c
1− u 2
u'
14.  arccos ( u )  ' = − 14. ∫ u' cotg ( u ) dx = ln s en ( u ) + c
1−u 2
u'
15.  arctg ( u )  ' = 15. ∫ u' sec ( u ) dx = ln sec ( u ) + tg ( u ) + c
2
u +1
u'
16.  arccotg ( u )  = − ∫ u' cosec ( u ) dx = − ln cosec ( u ) + cotg ( u ) + c
' 16.
2
u +1
17.  senh ( u )  ' = u' .cosh ( u )

## 18.  cosh ( u )  = u' .senh ( u ) ∫ u.v dx = u.P ( v ) − ∫ u' .P ( v ) dx

' 17.

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ESEIG Cálculo I Formulário

## Mudanças de Variável Algumas Relações Trigonométricas

p1 pn
1
sec ( x ) =
q1 qn
1. ∫ f( x ,x ,⋯ , x ) dx 1.
cos ( x )
1
2. co sec ( x ) =
k
M.V.: x=t , onde k = m.m.c.( q1 ,..., qn )
sen ( x )
   sen ( x )
p1 pn

2. ∫ f  x ,  a.x + b  q1
 ,⋯ ,   n  dx , a,b,c,d ∈ R
 a.x + b  q
3. tg ( x ) =

 c.x + d   c.x + d 
 cos ( x )
a.x + b 1 cos ( x )
cot g ( x ) =
k
M.V.: = t , onde k = m.m.c.( q1 ,..., qn ) 4. =
c.x + d tg ( x ) sen ( x )

## 3. ∫f (x, a.x 2 + b.x + c )dx , a,b,c ∈ R 5. sen 2 ( x ) + cos 2 ( x ) = 1

Substituições de Euler: 6. tg 2 ( x ) + 1 = sec 2 ( x )

## (1) a>0 M.V.: a.x 2 + b.x + c = ± a. x + t 7. cotg 2 ( x ) + 1 = co sec 2 ( x )

1 − cos ( 2x )
(2) c>0 M.V.: a.x 2 + b.x + c = x . t ± c 8. sen 2 ( x ) =
2
1 + cos ( 2x )
(3) a.x 2 + b.x + c = a(x-α )(x-β ) 9. cos 2 ( x ) =
2
( x - α ). t
2  e x − e− x
M.V.: a.x + b.x + c =  ou 10. senh( x) =
 ( x - β ). t 2

e x + e− x
4. ∫ f  sen ( x )  .cos ( x ) dx M.V.: sen ( x ) = t 11. cosh( x) =
2
5. ∫ f cos ( x )  .sen ( x ) dx M.V.: cos ( x ) = t 12. cosh ( x ) − senh ( x ) = 1
2 2

## 6. ∫ f tg ( x )  dx M.V.: tg ( x ) = t 13. sen ( x ± y ) = sen ( x ) .cos ( y ) ± sen ( y ) .cos ( x )

 x
7. ∫ f  sen ( x ) ,cos ( x )  dx M.V.: tg   = t 14. cos ( x ± y ) = cos ( x ) .cos ( y ) ∓ sen ( x ) .sen ( y )
2
tg ( x ) ± tg ( y )
8. ∫f (x, a.x 2 + b.x + c )dx , a,b,c ∈ R 15. tg ( x ± y ) =
1 ∓ tg ( x ) .tg ( y )
cotg ( x ) .cotg ( y ) ∓ 1
a.x 2 + b.x + c = ( f ( x )) + α2 ∧ a > 0 cotg ( x ± y ) =
2
(1) 16.
cotg ( x ) ± cotg ( y )
2tg ( x )
M.V.: f ( x ) = α.tg ( t ) 17. sen ( 2x ) = 2sen ( x ) .cos ( x ) =
tg 2 ( x ) + 1
1 − tg 2 ( x )
a.x 2 + b.x + c = ( f ( x )) −α ∧a > 0 18. cos ( 2x ) = cos ( x ) − sen ( x ) = 2
2 2 2 2
(2)
tg ( x ) + 1
M.V.: f ( x ) = α.sec ( t ) 19. sen ( x ) .sen ( y ) = 21 cos ( x − y ) − cos ( x + y ) 

2
(3) 20.

## M.V.: f ( x ) = α.s en ( t ) 21. sen ( x ) .cos ( y ) = 21  sen ( x + y ) + sen ( x − y ) 

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